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/> P 3 F 











t!P$e Sbecontr Buitfon, 








Wm. H. ALLEN, AND Co. 

idoolsellers to tie f^onourable Sast-Inljfa (Sompans* 








A Dictionary, Hindustani and English, accompanied by a reverse part, English and 
Hindustani, has hitherto been a desideratum in thii9 country. It mnst be obvious to every one 
that the student of a foreign language, desirous of speaking and writing, as well as reading 
it, should have not only the words of such foreign language expldned in his own, but also 
the words of his own tongue rendered into that foreign language ; and that any Dictionary 
confined merely to one department is essentially defective. 

Thirty years' experience in teaching the Hindustani language has convinced me that 
this deficiency, added to the exorbitant prices charged for Hindustani Dictionaries, has 
greatly impeded learners. I have therefore endeavoured to remove this impediment by com« 
piling a Dictionary of the principal colloquial language of India at once copious, portable, 
and of a moderate price. These objects have been attained by using a small but clear and 
diBtiiict letter-press ; by employing the Roman character wherever it answered the purpose 
better than the Oriental j and by excluding every thing not practically useful. By these 
means I have been enabled in the following work to comprise in a single volume, of con- 
venient dimensions, both parts of a complete Hindiistani and Hindi Dictionary, including, 
at the same time, not only more words, but more information really useful to the student, 
than will be found in any Dictionary of the language hitherto published. 

'' It is proper that I should here give a brief account of the sources to which I am 
indebted for the materials of this Dictionary, and of the mode in which I have compiled both 
its parts. The basis of the first part is the ^Dtctumary, Hindoostanee and English! in 
2 vols. 4to., published by William Hunter, M.D., Calcutta, 1808. Upon this foundation I 
have superadded at least fifteen thousand words and phrases from the following sources : 
Ist. A vast number of useful words, both Urdii and Hindi, from the eccentric, but copious 
vocabulary appended to Dr. Gilchrist's *Hindee Moral Preceptor^ 8vo. London, 1821. 
2ndly, All the useful words and phrases occurring in Gladwin's ^Dictionary of Mahomedan 
Law and Bengal Revenue TermSf 4to., Calcutta, 1797. Srdly, A great number of new 
words from * A Olonary of Indian Terms,' 8vo., Agra, 1845, by H. M. Elliot, Esq., 
Bengal Civil Service. 4thly, Many Persian and Arabic words (which occur in Hindustani), 
from Professor Johnson's last edition of Richardson's ^Persian and Arabic Dictionary^ 
5thly, Several thousands of Hindi words from Dr. Adam's * Hindi Dictionary, 2nd edition, 
Bvo., Calcutta. Gthly, From the Vocabulary accompanying the ^Prem Sdgar,' 4to., Cal- 
cutta, 1825, I have extracted all such words as were not found in Hunter's Dictionary, 



7thly, From Thompson'g ^ Hindi and Engluh Dictionary y' royal 8vo., Delhi, 1846, 1 have ' 
culled many pure Hindi or Sanskrit words not to be found in any of the sources above 
mentioned. 8thly, I have inserted in their proper places all the words occurring in the I 
Appendix to the ^Dukknee Unwari Boheilee,* printed at Madras, 1824 ; also many words ' 
from the ' Qanoon e islam/ by Dr. Herklots, London, 1832. To the materials collected | 
from all the foregoing sources I have added numerous words, phrases, and significations 
that I have met with in the course of my experience in teaching the language.''* 

In preparing this Second Edition, neither toil nor expense has been spared on the part 
oi the author and publishers, in order to render it the most complete work of the kind 
ever offered to the public. The improvements and enlargements now effected are the 
following — 

First. All the words contained in the Hindi Dictionaries of Dr. Adam and Mr. Thomson 
have, in this edition, been incorporated each in its proper place. By this means the student 
is now enabled, for the first time, to read by the aid of one single Dictionary, any production 
that may fall in his way, whether Urdu or Hindi. 

Secondly. All Sanskrit and Hindi words are given both in the Persian and Devanagari 
characters ; while words from the Arabic and Persian, together with those peculiar to the 
Dakhan, are given in the Persian character only. This enables the student at a glance to 
distinguish the words which are purely Indian or Hindii, from those which are Exotic or 

Thirdly. I have inserted all the words contained in the Persian text of the Gulistan 
of Sa'di, so as to enable the learner, by the aid of my Persian Grammar and this Dictionary 
alone, to qualify himself for passing the requisite examination in Persian. 

Fourthly. To my firiend and quondam pupil, Robert B. M. Binning, Esq., of the 
Madras Civil Service, I am indebted for numerous words and phrases peculiar to the 
corrupt dialect of the Dakhan, or South India ; besides many interesting explanations and 
definitions of words purely Hindiistani, that have never before appeared in any Dictionary 
of the language. These, when of some length, I have, in justice to Mr. Binning, marked 
with his name or initials } and I feel both pride and pleasure in thus publicly acknowledging 
how much I have been benefited by that gentleman's kind and disinterested services. At his 
own request an interleaved copy of the first edition was, some years ago, forwarded to him 
in India ; and the result has been that the same was in due time returned to me, well filled 
with sound and valuable information. 

Fifthly. I have also to express my sincere thanks to Dr. Charles Rieu, of the British 
Museum, for his able and hearty co-operation throughout, both in preparing the work for the 
press, and also in correcting the proof sheets as they were issued in the course of printing. 
Dr. Rieu, with a view to improve, or, more correctly speaking, to complete, his knowledge 
of the language, has, within the last four or five years, read the following important 
works; viz. in Urdii— the ^* Akhlahi Hindi/^ the ^^ Khirad-Afroz/* the " Ouli Bakdu?alif 
the " Ara,ishi MahfU" and the " Ikhwanu-t-Safd ; and in Hindi — the '* Baital Pachlsl, 
the " Singhdsan Batttsi" and the '* Prem Sdgar" He used an interleaved copy of the 
first edition of this Dictionary ; and marked down in its proper place every word not already 
included in that work, by which means a multitude of words and phrases has been collected 
that had hitherto escaped the notice of lexicographers, myself among the number. 

* Preface to the First EditioD, 1848. 




Lastly, I hsve to acknowledge my obligations to the valuable work recently published 
by Professor H. H. Wilson, Librarian to the East-India Company^ &c. &c., entitled 
**AOhuafy of Judicial and Revenue Terms, and of useful words occurring in Official DocU' 
meats relating to the Administration oftlte Government of British India." From that 
work I haTe here inserted all such words as are Arabic, Persian, Hindustani, Sanskrit, or 
HindL Many of them never before appeared in any Dictionary, and a vast number of 
others may be met with in Dictionaries that have not attached to them the significations 
they bear in official documents. All such significations I hare carefully added where they 
were wanted ; and when the explanations were too long for insertion in fuU^ I have referred 
the student to Professor Wilson's work for further information* 

I have been enabled to save a vast deal of space by making a fi'ee and legitimate use of 
the Roman character, according lo a fixed system — that of Sir William Jones* The economy 
of this plan will be seen at once by a reference to the words ^^^T ahkh, ^* the eye;" J^ dii^ 
^ the heart ;" AS gul, '* a rose," or to the numerous compounds under the particles ^3 be, 
no, and ^ la, &c. } where I have, ia one column, given as much matter as the great 
quarto Dictionaries furnish in four or five. This has been efiected by rejecting the Oriental 
type, which has enabled me to use a much smaller Roman type ailer the first line of every 
article* The use of the Roman character in all phrases and compounds, &c. originating 
from the leading word, as, for example, under ^4X>| akkh, Sec., is just as unerring as if the 
Peirian and Devanagari characters accompanied it throughout. Every Roman letter has its cor- 
responding symbol in either of the Oriental characters ; hence there can be no difficulty or 
uncertainty in converting any word written in the former into either %f the latter. If the 
reader has the least doubt on this score, he has merely to cast his eye over the following 

1st. A Table shewing the correspondence of the vowels in the Persian, Roman, and 
Devanagari characters : — 




Fenian. Boman. Devanagari. 


Roman. Devanagari. 

Persian. Roman. Devanagari. 

t a m 


ab ^W 

dJ bad ^ " 

is ^ 

^«> din ff^ 




\ u 7 


US ^^ 

d^ but WW 

T 5 W 


a» VT9 

Ob bat wnr 

j< Wt 


oh ^•frf 

y^ so "iX 




j1 tt 9 


ud ^ 

^ ta If 



aur Wtr 

y nau wl" 

^^ e "^ 


eh '^M 

^. he \ 

^\ i X 

\hh \^ 




^\ at t 1 

aisa ^m 

^ hai t 






Let it be remembered, that in all Oriental words a is to be sounded short, as in ^ happy/' 
" America ;" — t, short, as in " fit," " fin ;" — «, short, as in " put," " push ;" — a, long, as in 
" war," " water ;" — o, long, as in " pole," " mole ;" — 5, long, as in " rule ;" — a«, like our an 
in "sound," or the Oerman au in "haus," a house; — «, like our ea in "bear," or the 
French e in de, only longer in quantity ; — ^i, long, as in the words " police," " machine ;" 
and — at, like our t in fire," " fine," or the German ai in " Kaiser," a Caesar or emperor. 
The anomalous Sanskrit rowel ^n is expressed in the Persian character merely byj (re with 
a kasrd) and in the Roman character by rt , sounded as ri in '* rill," " rip," &c. llie Arabic 
termination Ac is represented in the Roman character by a or a, according as its sound is short 
or long. 

Sndly, A Table shewing the agreement of the consonants, Persian, Roman, and Deva- 
nagaii — 


PenUn. RomaiL Deyani^arl 
b W 
















PerdaiL Boman. Devanigarl. 
6 d ^ 


















































PenUn. RomuL DeyanSgarL 













































The Arabic consonant c is represented in the Roman character by an apostrophe, thus, 
i^fO ba^d. This can never lead into error, as the apostrophe is never used (in the Oriental 
words) for any other purpose. The symbol hamza of the Persian character is indicated by 
a similar mark (,) at the bottom of the line, and the imperceptible s A at the end of Persian 
words is represented by the short vowel a, as may be seen in the word tsAi fd,ida " gain 
or advantage." The nasal sound of the letter ^ is indicated in the Roman character 



by if and ia DeYanagaii hy the mark * above the letter with which it is connected : . thus, 
jj^Uj wahdn ^ " there ;" U«Jjb kansnd ^m " to laugh." The terminations an, irp un^ 
denote the Arabic nunatiany and the ip denotes the Persian j which in some words is not 
sounded, as in khrpdh, i\^. Lastly, the m indicates the short sound of j in a few Persian 

words, as i)^ iJmd. 

3rd. A Table for converting the Devanagari characters into the corresponding Persian 
and Roman characters : — 


a a i t u u ri e at o au 







^ • 






. » 












«4) ' 

M . 


































** • 




















or 4 

• • 


bh > 


















•• • 


























It may be observed, that the Devanagari letter T has sometimes the sound of a 
cerebral r ; in which case it is marked with a dot beneath, thus f , and corresponds with 
J orj in the Persian character ; as, iTTT baray " great," \v ; and in like manner y dh with a 

dot beneath becomes >J rA, as in ^fTO " old age," b\ift)? bufhapa. The various nasals of 
the DevBBagari are represented in the Persian character by the letter ^ , which will be 


I i 

; I 

ibund snfficieDt for all useful purposes. The letter ^ is generally represented by (^ ; but ' 
sometimes by ^jP ; and the letter ^ is more frequently ^ than (jm. The compound 19 

is generally represented by ,^ chh or ^ kh, more rarely by ^J&T ksk, its proper sound. 

The compound 9 is represented hj J; as, V91 agya {ajna)^ L^l : its real sound is that of 
gn in the French words ckampagne^lignef &c. 

It appears, then, that the Deyanagari alphabet may be represented with tolerable 
exactness in Ihe Persian character ; but the converse does not hold, as the Persi- Arabic 
alphabet has fourteen letters which have no exact counterpart in the Devanagari. The plan 
adopted in this case is to represent the letters in question by such NagarT letters as approxi- 
mate nearest to them in sound, which in printed books are generally distinguished with a dot 
underneath; thus. 

3 ^ t t ^^u^uoJj^tC 

In some printed books, for instance in Dr. Oilckrist's '' Hindee Storyteller^** an attempt 
has been made to form distinct Deyanagari letters for the various forms of the Persian and 
Arabic z^ which, it will be observed, are all represented by W ; but in reality the object is 
not worth the labour. In the first place, the Hindiis, who alone use the Devanagari 
character, are sparing .in the use of Persian or Arabic words, to one or other of which the 
various forms of the letter z belong; and secondly, such words as they have in the course of 
centuries adopted have become naturalized, or rather corrupted, so as to suit the elements of 
theNagari; thus, (^;«oW is generally written and sounded fTftn!t Aq;tri. The letter c 
is generally represents in Nagari by employing the vowel with which it is connected, in the 

o c# C» / 

initial form, with a dot under it : as, Jjo WV^ ha*d ; J^ |[^ 'tZm ; j^ ^ *umr. This 
method is sufficient for practical use; but it is by no means satisfactory, as may be seen in the 
monosyllable ^[^, which in Persian and Arabic is sounded ha*d (the a uttered from the 
bottom of the throat) ; but according to the rules of the Devanagari alphabet it makes ha ad. 
In fact, the Hindiis seem to view the letter e as a vowel, and not as a consonant, which it 

really is. 

In the compilation of the Second Part, my principal authority is Dr. Gilchrist's 
" Dictionary^ English and Hindoostanee" 2 vols. 4to. with Appendices, Calcutta, 1798, 
reprinted, &c. Edinburgh, 1810, in one volume, 4to. The merits of this work have been 
amply appreciated by Hindustani scholars for more than half a century. The first orientalist 
of the present day speaks of it as ''a work of great merit and labour : the collection of 
Hindiistani synonyma for every word is singularly full, and peculiarly adapted to a language 
which, varying in the use of words, though not in structure, in every province abounds with 
synonymous terms, each of local and restricted employment. The whole (edition 1810) is in 
the Roman character, a singularity in its compilation which alone is indicative of no ordinary 
industry and perseverance.'' Such being the case, I have, as a general rule, availed myself of 
all the words occurring in Dr. Gilchrist's Dictionary, subject, however, to a strict course of 
correction. In Dr. Gilchrist's early days, the Hindustani language was in a manner 
unformed, and its orthography unsettied : hence, in a multitude of words he gives the long 
u (00) instead of the short «, and vice versd. I have throughout endeavoured to follow as 




mj guides on this head the standard writers of the language, such as Mir Amman^ in the 
** Ba^ o Sahar;*' Ikram 'AIT, in the *^ Ikh^^nu-s-safa," &c. &c. To the very copious 
collection furnished hy Dr. Gilchrist, I have added several thousands of Persian and Arabic 
words (known to be used in Urdu) from the "Dictionary, English, Persian, and Arabic, 
by Dr. Wilkins, London, 1810, 4to. From Adam's **Dictionary, English and Hinduwee, 
I have extracted many pure Hindi words which escaped the notice of Dr. Gilchrist I have 
also found many useful words and phrases in the '^Dictionary, English, BangaH, and Min* 
i&ta»t,*' of P. S. D'Rozario, Calcutta, 1837, 8vo. Lastly, I have added numerous 
synonymous and expressive words and phrases which my own experience has supplied. 

It will probably be thought that the Second Part of this Dictionary errs on the side of 
excess ; but I have deemed it the safer course to run the risk of inserting a superfluous or 
even a vulgar word, rather than omit one that could by possibility occur in writing or 
conversation. It must be recollected that the Hindiistani is, in more senses than one, a 
vulgar tongue, and that it abounds in a class of words, for the eschewing of which the great 
Dr. Johnson is said to have been once complimented by some elderly lady, to whom the 
polite lexicographer replied, *' Yes, Madam, I have omitted all such words, but I find that 
you have been looking for them.'' 

In Part First, compound words are generally to be found imder the first or leading 
member of the compound ; at the same time, it is proper to observe that the Hindiistani 
language is capable of admitting or forming thousands of compounds not to be found in any 
dictionary : hence, the learner should bear in mind the more general rules of composition, as 
laid down in any good grammar of the language. The same remark applies with regard to 
the rules for derivation, particularly those relating to the formation of causal verbs and 
abstract nouns. 

The few contractions used throughout the work are the following : The letters a, p, s, at 
the end of many definitions, denote that the word is from the Arabic, Persian, or Sanskrit 
respectively ; the letter h distinguishes such words as are aboriginal or purely Indian ; 
and d such as are peculiar to the Deccan (dakhan) : the few words marked t and g are of 
Tartarian and Greek origin respectively. The other contractions are, m. denoting the 
masculine gender ; f. feminine ; a. an active or transitive verb ; and n. a verb neuter. The 
letter v. imports vide, and pi. the plural number. 

In Part Second, and occasionally in Part First, the following contractions are used in 
the formation of compound verbs : h, for hama (or the Persian kardan), *' to make ;" 
h, for hona, " to be, to become ;" j, for jana, " to go, to be ;" r, for rahhna, " to keep, to 
have ;" d, for dena, " to give ;" /, for lena, " to take ;" d, for dalna, " to throw;" and h, for 
handhnd, ''to bind." These, with the exception of the first two, are chiefly used in the 
foimation of intensives, and consequently they have then laid aside their own primitive 
signification. As a general rule, compound words have their parts or members separated by 
a hyphen, thus, dU-nishin, tanrdurust, sar-gardan, &c Such compounds, when transferred 
into the Oriental characters, are optionally written entire as one word, or distinct as two. 
The short t, denoting the Persian izqfat, is indifferently written either as the last letter of 
the governing word, or separately between the two words, as dardi sar or dard i sar, the 
lense being abundantly obvious either way, as no Persian word ends in tlie short t except 
it be in a state of construction with the substantive or adjective following. 

I have avoided cross references, which are very embarrassing to the learner, retaining 
only those in which the word referred to is either close at hand, or is attended by a long 
explanation which it would be needless to repeat 

• •• 


Some good<4iatured friends haye occasionallj expressed to me their regret that the 
Second Part of the work had not been given in the Persian character. Had it been so, I 
must either, in the first place, have added the pronunciation in Roman characters to each 
word (otherwise the work would be utterly useless), and this would have increased its size to 
at least six times what it now is ; or, in the second place, omitting the Roman character, I 
must have given all the vowel marks and other orthographical symbols, which would have 
extended it to at least ten times its actual bulk, without possessing one single advantage over 
what it now has.* 

In conclusion, I have only to add, that amidst such a mass of small letters, it will not 
seem surprising that an occasional error of the press should occur. I trust, however, that 
the number of such errors is small ; and I am confident that the generous, the learned, and 
the experienced (and it is only their good opinion I am ambitious to obtain) wiU not deny 
me their kind indulgence. 

* Two ImM of eren the smallest Oriental types in this country would occnpy at least as much space as 
five lines of the Roman character nsed in Part II. of this work. If the Towel-points, &e. be used, the 
spaces between the lines most be nearly doubled : hence the trath of the above remark will be obTions to those 
at all conTorsant with Oriental typography. 


68, Burton Crkscknt, 
January, 1807. 





\ alif, the first letter of the Arabic alphabet ; 

in nnmention it counts one. %f a or thkarot the 
first elementary sound in the Sanskrit alphabet; 
it is a name or God, or Fishfot. As an inseparable 
pazlicle prefixed to a word, it signifies neeation or pri- 
TBtion; as, a-dharm, injustice, or irreliglon, from 
iSbonB, jnstioe, &c It is akin to the <Upha privaHuum 
of the Greek, the m of the Latin, or the un of the Ger- 
man and English. As in Greek, it becomes on before 
a Tonel, as an-anta, endless, or without end. 

lJ\ HW ab, now, presently, jtist nowj a lit- 
tle while aflo; by adding kd, ke, ki, it forms an ad- 
JectiTe, as ah-ka xamand, the present time. h. 

^\ ^ ib, thuBy VLB, in like manner, s, 

^\ ab (contract, from ^\), a father. In 

ffindOstSni, the plural is of most firequent occur- 
reooe, as in aba o ^jdad, £sthers and grandfathers, 
ancestors. & 

i-->l a6, m. water, splendour, elegance, dig^ 

nitj, lustre (In gems), temper (of steel, &&), ed^, 
skaqmess (of a sword, &c.). The word ab in Persian 
'u used in a great many metaphoric and idiomatio 
ezpreaaona. p. 

1^1 t5a, m. denial ; i&o-A, to refuse, deny. a. 
u1 abOf fathers (pi. of l^\ or ^\, q. v.). a. 
JajI>^ ahabUf m, a swallow, a. 
cl^^b) ibahatff, permitting, giving liberty, a. 
ih\ abad, caltivated, peopled, pleasant ; fall 

of buildings and inhaUtants ; used in composition in 
Uw sense of city or vUlCt as akbar-dbad, the dty of 
Akbar, or (as the Americans would say) Akhar-viUe, 
the dty of Agra. p. 

^bbl abadanf synonymous with abad. p. 
^bbt abadantf f. a habitation, a cultivated, 

~ populous, pleasant place ; population, cultivation, 
abundance. In HlnaC^tinl it is seldom used except 
in poetfy, Sbadi being the common expression, p. 

,J!U> i>bt abad-besKL f. first assessment of 

" oewly-settled or cultivated land. p. 

jOi^bl abad'har^ the original or first settler 

on waste land. p. 

Up ^b| abad kamdy a. to build, cultivate, 
mske a place haUtable and populous, p. 

^C\}\ wmwi abadhdf f. segment of the base 

of a triangle. «. 

(^bl abadi, synonymous with abaddnu p. 


^j\>} ^WTCrf ubdmd^ a. to set at liberty, s. 
^j^} ^^KHI ubdma,ti. tokeep in reserve. A. 
tiJb^ ^nmr a-^bdk, dumb^ speechless. *. 
\^\j\ 9m^H\ ubdknd, a. to vomit, reject, fu 
^V^ ^ITgRT ubdlnd, a. to boil, to make 

boiL h. [sianyear. p, 

^bl dbdn, m. the eighth month.of the Per- 
Ubl TWTin ubdndf a. to sow, to plant, h. 
^J\^ \ dba,tf belonging to or descending from 

one's ancestors, patemaL a. 

^\j\j i^\ db i bdrdn, m. rain-water, p. 
g^U Lg0>\ db'bdzi, f. play or sport in water; 

swimming, p. 

aLm^ l^I dbi basta, m. ice, glass, p. 

<.^Jbuj^ vi^i^ll a-'bibek, m. want of discri- 
mination ; abibekit indiscreet ; abibekaUit folly, s. 

^^b L«^t db-pdihlt f. sprinkling water on 

- fields, jtc p, 

^^\ db-tdb, f. splendour; also db o tdb, p. 
LfX!j\ ab-tabf presently ; ab-fab h, to be in a 

dying state, to be aU over with one. h. 

9^\:^\ dbtdbaf m. an ewer; generally written 

^ftdba, and sometimes qftawa. p. 

\S^\ ibtidd, f. beginning, commencement, 

exordium, a. 

%\dJj\ ibiidd,anp in the beginning, at first, in 
the first place, a. 

J^«k^^ ibtizdlf m. vileness, meanness, servi- 
tude ; carelessness in preserving any thing, a, 

Jl>\ abtar, worthless, spoiled, wanton, dis- 
solute; o&teri, worthlessness. a, 

^UJbf ibtisdm, m. cheerfulness, a smile, a, 

cih>^ ab-tak, 1 ,.„ , ... ^ 

till now, hitherto, yet, up 

to the present time, as 
yet, still, notwithstand- 
ing, h. 
^gjyjl ab'toTh 

^dj] ibtildf m. suffering, misfortune, a. 


ijShA ab-talak, 
ufj9c;>t ab-talag, 
/g^yj^ ab^tori, 

^\ ( 

^V^\ ibtihaj, m. gladness, alacrity, cheer- 

(2;^^ ^nffi1( ah-ta^lnf till now, till this time. h. 
(jrO^ V^ ab'ten, from this time, hence. A. 
^Jj^\ '9WZ^ ubtan^ m. a detergent substance 

for mbbing on the body ; a ooametic : alio ubaf, or 
ubfi, or ubfand, same as upfan, q. ▼. h. 

Ua^\ ubatnd, a. to rub on the body the cos- 
metic uhfam or uppm, h, 

z\ ^1^ obja^ m. the nymphaea or lotus; 

^the moon ; a conch ; a Bpedei of tree. «. 

^j^\m^\abi''jar%j m. running water, a stream, 

rivulet, tears flowing, p. a, 

^^ dbjadf m. the alphabet ; a mode of reck- 
oning numbers by the letters of the alphabet; the first 
letter counting one. the second two, &c., according to 
their andent arrangement. — ^Yide Persian Grammar, 
p. 23, or Hindast&ni Grammar, p. 20. a. 

^^^(3cf$^ abjad-ihfjxin, m. one who is learn- 
ing his alphabet a. p. 

yf(\ ab^jOf f. a rivulet or streamlet, p. 

(jiy^u-jT db-josh, m. gravy, soup, p, 

{j^ ^mmA dbijo^y f.the water of a rivulet, p. 

^y m^ a-6acA, that which has not escaped, h, 

jVii^ vfil^K a-bkhdr, m. want of conside- 
ration, injustice, t. 

ijn^i a-bickdri, m. a-bichdrin^ f. an unjust 
"man or woman, or a man or woman destitute of cond- 
deration or reflection. «. 

Uljb^ imm^ \ db'Charlidnd, a. to whet or polish 

one's sword, &c. p. h. [tears, p, 

jji^ v^T dbi chashm, m. water of the eye, 
tJ^^i db'Chashlf f. giving drink to a child 

2 ) 


"for the first time (generally about six months of age) 
preparatory to weaning him. p. 

i^\ vr^*q<j^ a-bichal, motionless, unmoved, 

unshaken, resolute, firm. «. 

\^^ ^iWipCT ahchhardf f. a female dancer 

in the court of Indra ; also apehhara and aptara^ q.T. » 

A^ u^t dbi hardm, forbidden water, ue, 

^ wine ; insincere or hypocritical tears, p. a. 

C^j»*i^ L»>J dbi hasf*at, m. water of desire, 
wishi appetite, longing, p. a. [immortality, p. a. 

Ol^ <^T dbi haydtf m. the water of life, 
^^j^ v-t^T dbi hairvdrif m. water of life ; a 

fabulous fountain so called, p* a. 
a3U- v-^T db-Mdna, m« a repository of water, 

aresenroir; a cellar, p. [lations. a. 

ij^} abMira (pi. of jU^), m. vapours, exha- 

5_^^n r-^ L^\ db'khastf a water melon or cu- 
cumber, p. 

lJ\ dbi Mi^9 water of immortality ; 

inspired knowledge, p. a. 

Jit;\ abkk^lf very or more avaricious, a. 
j^ (,^T db-khur^ ) m. victuals, food and 
(^j^ u->T db'Murd,) drink ; fortune, p. 

tjt^ \mmA db'kkura. m. a narrow-mouthed 

▼essel for drinking out of, a cup for drinking water, p. 

dS\ abad, m. eternity, without end. a. 
\i3j\ abadafi, eternally, for ever ; never, a. 
j\dfmfA db-ddrp m. the person intrusted with 

the charge of water for drinking, a^j. polished, of a 
good water (as gems), well tempered (as steel), p. 

tj\^j\d{mJ>\ db'ddr-kkdna, m. a repository of 

drinl^-water. p. 

gr;W * oh-ddri, f. sharpness (of a sword, &c.); 
polish (of gems) ; office of abdSr. p. 

fX^\ ibdd\ m. the production of something 
new. a. [one thing for another, a. 

J\«3>^\ ibddl, m. change, exchange, substituting 
J\i3^t abddl, m. a religious person, devotee, 

enthusiast ahdoR, of or relating to a devotee; an 
epithet assumed by A^mad, the founder of the late 
Afghan dynasty, a. [ab o dana. p. 

«3Uii.«i'T ab'ddnat m. food and drink : also 
CiMOtbu^l db^dast, m. washing the hands 

(particularly after any unclean action), p. 

^^J3l^^i^ 1 dbi danddn, m. sharpness and po- 
lish of the teeth; debility, p. 

^ JJ^ ^RV a-badh, sacred, inviolable, s, 

>i3j\ ^T' or wwf^ a-budh or a-buddhi, stu- 
pid, ignorant ; alio s. f. ignorance, i. 

U(3J^ IR^ abdhdj f. a segment of the base 

of a triangle. $, intelligent «. 

^Ujb(3j1 VwfipTR a^buddkimdrif stupid, un- 
Oyb«3j\ WV^ abdkut, m. a kind o£ fakir 

or devotee. This class are worshippers of Shiva, 
fem. abdhutnh s. [not to be slain, inviolable. «. 

tj^i^\ WVSl a-badhya^ not deserving death, 
{j^\ ahadi, eternal, without end. a. 
btX^f wftren a-bidyd, f. ignorance. «. 
Uyh S(3J^(3J I ab'dida hond, to shed tears. p,h, 
jf\ abr, m. a cloud, abri siydh, a black cloud. 

* ahri ^^^» a thick dond. abri Sjpir, a dood vrithont 

j>\ wn abar, now, at present A. f""*' ^ 
\j\ unra abrdy m. the outer fold of a double 

garment ; distinguished from tutor, the lining. Writ- 
ten also abrdy q. v. h, 

j\ji\ abrdr (pi. of J^), just men, holy, pious, 

dutiful (to parents), ibrar, victory superiority, a. 

\i)j>\ ubrdndy a. to keep in reserve, (same as 

ubSmSy, A. 

^^^jf IbrdJaniy the patriarch Abraham. 

* Ibrahim Adham, name of a pious sovereign that for- 
merly reigned at Ba/&&. a. 

^j>\ abrad, colder, most or very cold. a. 
(jkdJ^ abraSf leprous, a. 
'ij\ abrdk or ^Ji^ abrak, m. talc, mica, a, 
\^\ ^WTffT ubamd, n. to be kept in reserve, 

to remain over. A. 



( 3 ) 


^^/^\ dbraHJan,}B, bracelet, an ankle orna- 
\:J^j>^ ahranjln,) ment of gold or silver, p. 
j^\ abrik, f. the eye-brow, ahru par girth 

Monii, a. to frown, p. 

j^j> I abru^ f. honour, character, renown, ele- 
gance ; the nume of a poet. dhr^-utarnH, a. to dUho- 
Dour, disgrace. abrU-oar-bSd-dendt a. to lose one's 
own character, or destroy that of another, ahru-dentt 
a. to bestow honour or reputation on any one, or to 
sarrender or lose one's own. abru^eZt a calumniator, 
o^rv-mi, f. slander, calumny, abru-kamt, a. to treat 
widi respect. ahru-Uni^ a. to take away one's cha- 
racter or reputation, p. 

^U|3l ab-rawanf m. a very fine kind of mns- 

Im or ganse, which when spread out on the grass is 
■sid to have been scarcely Tisible. The art of manu- 
laetming this stair is now lost p. 

^djuAa-birodh, m. qaietness, tranqnillity. «. 
i^^jj}^ vfNlOfV«lf) a-Wroc?Aim,1 quiet,tran- 
^^^Jl;>} vf^illfl a-hirodht, J quil. *. 
B^\ abrOf m. the outside of a garment; same 

as abrd, p. [jewels, he t, 

^jt^ abarhan (vide ^^^)y m* ornaments, 

(C^3 cihrif clouded, variegated, abrt kofi^az, 
a kind of thick and shining paper douded, (from 
Cishmir). p, 

y^jA ab-rezy a pot for sprinkling water, such 

as a gardener's ; used also in baths for pouring water 
over the body. p. [ing sUk. p. 

jji>lj>\ abresham (also abresham), m. sew- 
^^^L^j>\ abreshmiy silken, made of silk, p, 
^ jt ibrHiy m. an ewer, a water-pot. a. 
j^iyf>\a5ar-£2Aa(ar,coarse,rough,common. ^ 
.jL-ii' abi'Zar^ water of gold; white wine. p. 
\yij Ui^t obi ztddlf m. pnre limpid water. p,a. 
I^\ww^€hba$, powerless, without choice, s. 
JLipI abtal, m. a vineyard, a garden, p. 
AJUiJi abistOf pregnant (a woman), with 

yoong (an anfanal), new-born (a child). The forms 
abUt, a^w/on, and abUtan are given in Gilchrist, p. 

^i^)\ abistagty also abistantf &c. f. preg- 
- nancy, p. [dotfaes. t. 

^j00»y\ ^mR a-basan, naked, without 
(2^^ ^rf^lV^ a-bisanf without desire, in- 

diflbvent. t> 

\lmJ\ IWIRn tibamaf n. to rot, putrefy. A. 
(jis\^«M>\ liftl(<41ll or vf^miH a-biswatf m. 

want of confidence, distmstfttlness. s. [trustfuL «. 
i^\y>\ a'biswM,abiifvd$in,€^ntwadnt,d\^ 
•uLij) vbmna* a. to cause to rot. A. 

^^ \ * Mrom this time. A. 

^ c-^i ab-ie, J 

j3^ lJ^^ a5-«6 dur, is an expression of those 

wbor after describing a past misfortune, pray to be 
presenred from, a repetition of it ; q. d. Far be it 
frum us ! A. p. 

\i»>\ ab'shdr, m. f. a waterfall, cascade, ca* 

taract. p. 

(jmUmil^I ab^shinaSy the lead-man, or per- 
son who takes the soundings in a ship, a pilot p, 

jyi» i^ \ db i 8?ior, m . brackish or sal t water, p. 

^jy^ Vif^t ab^tthora or dbi-shora, m. water 
cooled artificially by means of a solution of salt- 
petre ; iced sherbet p. 

^^^1 abshold (Dakh.), same as abskora. p, 

iJl}jJL>\ a-biiheh or t,^UAV>\ abihhek, m. 

sprinkling-water, which the H Indus (after pronouncing 
certain prayers over it) use for cleansing tl^eir per- 
sons, ana other utensils used In sacrifice, holy water ; 
accession to a throne, inauguration, y. abhithek. s. 

XiAi\ iibsdr (pi. ofj^ai)^ views, looks; per- 
ception, understanding, a. 

JUa>l ibtcUf m. abolition, act of destroying 

or annihilating, reiuting. a. [vain, 8tc. a. 

i}ji^y abtal, comp. more vain or fruitless, very 
d\jo\ aVdd (pi. of J^), distances, divarica* 

tions. a. 

Sm>\ ah* ad, more distant, very far. a. [tale, p.a, 
CJjLS' \mf>\ ahi ^ashraty wine, semen gent' 
l£>1 ibia^ ra. confirmation, establishment, pre* 

servation, rendering permanent a. 
^\ ab'hd, ab-ke, and ab-ht, of or belonging 

to the present time, from db, h, 

j6j\ db'hdr, m. a distiller (particularly of 

spiritaous liquors) ; a water-carrier, a sprinkler ; a 
wine-merchant,or seUer of spirituous liquors ; a drinker 
of wine. p. 

(C.\^t ab-kdrif f. the business of a distiller; 

revenue derived from a duty levied on distilleries, 
also on houses for the sale of spirituous liquors, 
eating-houses, houses of entertainment, &c. 

UK>3 9WWI«fl ubkdnd, a. to cause one to 

yomit h. [ing. h. 

{j^^ TnWTT^ vbhdfh f. the act of vomit- 

cIL^^wf^ra a-biktj hidden, unintelligible, s, 

lI*:? cJ^\ w R t ^lOga a-biht ganit, f. 
arithmetic of unknown quantities ; algebra. «. 

^jS \^\ db'kashf a drawer of water ; db' 
kathit act of drawing or carrying water, p. 

\m\ 9WHI ubaknd, n. to vomit, h. 

j$y (^1 a6t-Aau|ar, m. nectar, p. a. 

^tx\}\ H^f^llft abkeshlj without fruit, 
** barren (tree), f « 

j^iJol db'guzdi*, a ford, a ferry ; an express, p. 

j6Jj\ db-guzar, acanal or channel for water, p. 

Atd L*^t dbigarm, warm water, a hot-bath. p. 

■ •• *iy ^\ dbi goshtf soup, gravy, broth, p. 

^S ^.>t dbi gohar, water of pearls, pure 

limpid water, p. 

j^ \mm>\ db-gir, a receptacle for waten a 

pool, pond, ditch ; a weaver's brush, p. 



( 4 ) 


&jjJC>t abginaf m. a mirror, looking-glass, 

a drinking-glass ; wine ; a diamond, p, 

^y>\ ^V^ a-baly weaky withoat strength or 

power s. 

^\ "WWgn a-hala, f. weak, powerless; a 

woman, s. 

Uj^\ IR^nn a-balapa, m. weakness, 

frailty. *. [to arrive, a. 

^^\ ibtd^^ ro. conveying, sending, causing 
l>^\ a^^lHI ubldnay a. to causn to boil, 

(by the hands of another) ; to boil any thing so at to 
be fit to eat ; to cook. h. [lity. «. 

(^5b.\ ^VY^T^ Orhdl^^f f. weakness, debi- 

^\ ahlakf piebaldj black and white, party- 
coloured, a. [starling, a. 
\£!b\ dhlaka. m. a bird of the maina kind, a 

K^^>\ lrf%^ a-bilamb, m. quickness, di- 
ligence. «. 
Ub^ ^fW9«n ubalndy n. to boil orbubble up. A. 

^^\ abltij (also aMucA), sugar-candy, p. 

«b^ abiktf m. a blister, p. [pox, a bubo. p. 
f^S>i ^«JjT ab%la,i farang, m. the French 
dh\ ablahf foolish, silly, ignorant, bashful, a. 
^^^\ ablahtj f. folly, silliness, a. 
^) irw^ abaU^ f. a row, a range, a con- 

" tinuouB line, s, 

i^\ ^inrsft a-balij weak, powerless, s. 

^j-jJ^\ iblis, the devil, Satan, a. 

^^\ ibn, ro. a son, a child ; ibnu-s-sabil, a son 

of the road, a traveller; thnu-l-gfiflraz^ a selfish per- 
son ; ibixurl'g\aih. one of whom little is known, a 
parvenu, a. 

\jS\ dbna, (pi. of ^^\)son8; people; tribes, a. 
{^jJc^\ vfVlHra a-binas, m. safety, s. 
^^U>^ a-binasif safe, entire, free from loss. *. 
05J^ ^1 ibfi'ul'Waktj a time-server, o. 

<imA»> ^U^^ abna,ijins, pi. companions, com- 
rades, equals ; those of the same rank, quality, or 
species, n. abna,e dahr, or abna^/e rozgar, sons of the 
time, contemporaries, a. p. 

j6s>\^ff^^a'bindu, without point or dot. s, 
tJSiJ (..i/r ibi nuirOf m. quicksilver, p, a. 
(^^yj| abnus, m. ebony, p. 
^baJj»l abniisi, made of ebony. ^. 

a. • 

J^\ ^ripft flftni, f. the earth, world, s 
""j v-^T ah-nai, m. the straight tube of a 

" ^uika, on which the chillam is fixed, p, 

^^\ irfrfil a-binai, m. wantonness, pert- 

ness. t. [tulant. «. 

c1ajjj\ ^rfinrVif a-bimt, wanton, pert, pe- 

y>\ abUf m. father; the word is frequently 

used as the first member of a man's name or epithet, 
thus, abH-l-bashar, the father of the human race, Adam. 
abu-bakr, the &theivin-law and first successor to Mu- 
hammad. abU'turabt *AlI, the son-in-law of Muham- 
mad. abu-l-fiKfl, the name of the secretary to the 
Emperor Akbar, aburjahl^ the name of an uncle of 
Muhammad, noted for his stubbornness, ahu huriura, 
one of the companions of Muhammad, a^u-'o/t nnd^ 
a celebrated sage and physician, commonly known in 
Christendom as Avioenna. abu -foMoarit, the aas, lit. 
the father of horsemen. abu-baJcr, the name of an 
atabak prince to whom Sa*di dedicated his Gulistan. 
tUfu-nafTt the name of the minister of the last men- 
tioned prince, a. 

L*^ly\ abwab (pi. of L*^^), doors, gates, 

chapters, sections ; in the revenue language of India 
the word means almost any kind of cesses, imposts, 
and charges levied by the officials of government, a. 

'^^^ ^V^jVL a-bu;h, stupid, without under- 
standing, t. [comprehensible. A. 

V^yf V^VSJ a-bvjhdj not understood, in- 
>Jy^ ^V^fv^ a-bodht m. ignorance, stupidity. 

adj. ignorant, stupid ; puzzled, perplexed, t, 

8X^^y^\ nWiM'IMf a-6o^-^am^a,1 income 
iuujbi3y^ ^njhnfhl a-bodhanxya^ J pre- 

hensible, unintelligible. «. 

Jy^ ^Pft^ a-bol, silent h, [to tilenoe. K 

'^^\ ^rftl^ a-boldj disposed or accustomed 

a6U J s^\ ab dana, water and grain, food 
and drink, p. [mate. p,iL 

\^j L^\ db hawd, f. atmosphere, air, cli- 

^\ ^rfW abhi, a particle denoting priority 
in time or place, prefixed to Sanskrit words, «. 

^^ ^ ibh or ibha, m. an elephant, ibha- 

pdlak, the keeper of an elephant t. 
K^l IBPn dbhd, f. light, splendour, beauty. $. 
j\^\ IBW!^ a-bhdr, light, of little weight, s. 

j\^\ ^MTT tibhdr, m. swelling, tumefaction, 
plumpness, h. 

^j\^\ VHR«n ubkdmd, a. to raise up, to 

excite, to persuade, to plump up. *. [steal. A. 

Uj'l^^ VWTHT ubhdrnd, a. to take away, to 
;_ji*l^T W>ITO dbhds, T m. a preface, a 

^jil^jT ^smm dbhdsh, J preamble, an in- 
troduction, &C. f. [misfortune, ill-luck. #. 
kl/l4^< iwm a-bkdg^ also a-bhagya, m. 
\i\A>\ wnn Orbhagdy also a^bhaginl and 

a-Mo^l, unfortunate, destitute. «. 

Jl^^ ^HiT^ ahhdl, m. a cloud, h. 

^\ ibhdm, m. the thumb ; suspicion, am- 
biguity ; covered, concealed, unknown, a. 

131^^ TWT^ ubhdndf a. to alarm, disturb, k. 

^\^\ ^R^ini a'bhd,Oj m. absence, non-exist- 
ence, want; as in this proverb, raja keghar men, kva 
motiyoU ka abha.oX In there a want of pearls in the 
raja's house? t. 







jU^^ nfNtll^ abhtbady m. act of kissing 
t^ feet or of wonhipping, on obeisance ; also an in- 
nlt. «. [as abhibad. s. 

^Ij4^\ n(WHI((«f> abhibddan, m, the same 
Iflftl^nr ahhibhuta, subdued, do- 

over. i. 

if]j^^ v(Wll|l| abkipra^f in. sentiment, in- 
teatiofli, opinion, design, wish, puxpose ; the main pur- 
port of a book, &C. s. 

v£^^ vf^snr abhijit, m. the 2l8t nak- 

akaira, or lunar asterism ; the 8th mukurt, or division 
ofthedajr. «. [spell causing death or disease, s. 

j\^ v(h^K abhichar^ m. a charm or 
^U«34^^ lri^lVT«r abhidhan, m. a dictionary. 

Striictlj speaking, it denotes a list of the substantives 
of the Sanskrit language, such as the '* Amara Ko- 
sha," kc s. 

j^\ WH abhra, m. the sky, a cloud, s. 

\^\ THH ubkrd, unladen (as a cart or 
boat). A. [till it run over. A. 

U];4;\ VHTT^ ttbhrdndf a. to fill a vessel 
<J^j^\ wm abhrak, m. talc, mica. s. 
mJj^^ abhrahl, made of talc or mica. $. 
2j^\ ^MTf a-bharam, without respect, s, 
fviv^t VPT^ ahharanf m. jewels, oma- 

ments, decoration ; also abhivan, wiUi the initial vowel 
short. s« 

0;^1 V^TT^ ttbhamUf n. to overflow. A. 

fji^T ^nHV a5Aa«, little, few. <• 

I^L^t wf^^BlftW abhisdrikaf also a&At- 

jorl and oAAwarmi, £ (a woman) going to an assigna- 
tioii with her |over, a lewd woman. $. 

il^S^L^\ nP^niS abhUkihta^ installed, bap- 
tised, anointed to oiBce, enthroned, t. 

i^XxL^\ vfWwV abhishek, ro. bathing, 

anofaiting, rojal unction ; a religioitf ceremony oon- 
slsdng in sprinkling a person with the water of the 
GmgesL s. 

i^i^\ Wm ubhak, m. a bear. A. 

Cl^^\ V^vflK a-bhahtif f. disregard, want 
of desire, indiiference, unbelief. 9. 

^'^^i\ a-bhaktimdnf unbelieving, indiffe- 
tent to. s. 

(jm^)L4^\ vP^c^I^ abhilath tin, ^nd abhilwtka, 
£ wiahi desire ; (generallj written abhildkh), t. 

,^^1^) w5i9pA abkildshi, wishing, de- 

"ririiig, longing for. s. [sire, t, 

«^|^>4>1 abhUdhh or abhildkhd, m. wish, de- 

«o^^^ ^ifilfPf abhimanf m. pride, haugh- 
tiness, self-conceit, s. 

albater-ion. s. [arrogance, t. 

U3\^\ nfiwnnrT abhimanatd, f. pride, 
^U^\ abkimdni or abhimdnyaf proud. 

C»s(^>^ ^^^nf abhimaiy consented to, ap- 
proved of, cliosen, agreed, accepted, t. 

\"'i^^}\ ^fW<nniT abkimatatd or abhimattdy 

f. desire, love. s. 

'd^*^}^ ^rf^l^ £!dAtmt<AA, present, before, s, 
^ ^C ^ > ^ ^fiwUKT abhimukhatd, f. presence, 

proximity. «. 

jA^^ ^BfWff^ abhinav, new, quite new. «. 

i>\^^t nfHill^ a&Atvo^t, m. abusive lan- 
guage, s. [stration. s. 

^«>\^^ nfH^I^vf abhivddan, m. bow, pro- 
O^t V^ a-bhutf non-existent, s, 
^^\ WHtif a-bkoj, also a-hhajya, unfit to 

^eat, not eatable, s. [fasting. «. 

(jrj^^ ^HHt^ a-bkqjif not having eaten, 

^*tfj4>l ^RT)7^«f o^Aux^ein, m. ornaments, 
jewellery, finery. «. (Commonly written in the Per- 
sian characters as follows) : 

^^^^5^ I dbhukhan, m. jewels, ornaments. «. 

dJ^f w4tn U'bkog, unfit for use, unpos- 
sessed, s. 

uy^^ fP* a^Ai^n, hitherto, yet. h. 
^^^\ ^inrt flft-Ai, even now, just now. A. 
/1^\ ^tlH^ a-bkayy without fear, fearless, a. 
r^^^ ^^ ttbhaya, both (used in Sanskrit 

** phrases.) [yellow myrobalan. «. 

Va^^ wnn abkaydy f. name of a flower, the 

(^U^f WS^n^ abhyds, m. practice, medi- 
tation, study, the frequent repetition of a thing in 
order to fix it on the memory, i. 

^m>Vj^\ W<nift abhydsiy studious, praotis- 

** ing, repeating, s, 

C^U^\ ^HiilTnir ahhydgatj m» a guest, a 

visitor; arrived. «. 

JuA^f ygfifim a^^Aaya-pa^ra, 1 m.assurance 
^tjk^f VMU^M abhayanldn, r of safety or 

^l^^^ ^RVHRT^ abkaya-vdk,) protection, 

an amnesty, s. [nnalarmed. a. 

CIaa^^ V^Av a-bhita, fearless, undaunted, 

C1aA(^>\ wAfir a-bhiti, f. fearlessness, s* 

0««AJL^\ VMnfmA abhtpstt yXloYedf wish- 

vJLAa^,)^ ^mf)V abhtshta, J ed for. s. 

^^\ abhtch (dakh.), same as a&Ai, now, 

^ just now 

iXA^f H^ a*^A^,1 united, fastened toge- 

^x^\ ^V^ a-bhewyj ther, known, cele- 
brated, s. 

jk^l inWtr a&Air, m. a cow-herd. $. 
^T a&i, of or belonging to water, aquatic, 

** * watery, moist, humid, p* 

fj^\ %[^ absy an interjection of vocation 

** * expressive of soom, as Sirrah ! h. 


( 6 ) 


^Jf\ abiy now (sometimeB used for alhht). h. 
CJ^\ ahyat (plur. of CiaJJ), houses, (and 

more usual) distichs, venes. a. 

jljL>l dlhyar, m. a waterer, a sprinkler. p\ 

(jfjW I ah-ydrtf f. irrigration ; a kind of thin 
, "linen cloth ; a species of dove. p. 

j^\ ^nAlf a-bij, grain that does not ger- 

^minate. *. [able. «. 

jS\ 'W^ a-ber, f. delay; late, unseason- 
jj\ wrfix abtr, m. red powder used at the 

holt Saturaalia. i. [shining, t 

{,jaxj\ abyaZf white, very splendid or 
UJ>\ ^V^ apa^ a Sanskrit particle ; prefixed 

to words it denotes inferiority, privation, separation. 
It is much used in compound words from the San- 
skrit, as apadan, m. taking away, the ablative case In 
grammar ; apdng, m. the outer comer of the eye ; 
apabhasha, f. the vulgar tongue ; also applied to the 
language of foreigners ; apabhcaiksh, f. nngrammatical 
language ; apttchay^ m. loss, diminution ; apa^abd, 
m. vulgarisms, slang; apakrishty worthless, little, vile; 
apakarmay m. a baa action, misconduct ; apamrityu, 
f. sudden death, dying without an^ disease ; apmady m. 
censure, blame ; apavddi, censorious ; apaharia, m. a 
robber, a thief; apaharany m. seizing forcibly, carry- 
ing off; i^MhnaVp ra. concealment t. 

lJ\ 71| upa, a Sanskrit particle, denoting 
vicinity, or resemblance in an inferior degree, as upor 
vedoy tne sub^eda or minor vedtt. 

c->l ygjm dp, pron. self, yourself, used in- 
stead of the personal pronoun of the second person 
by an inferior when adcbressing his superior, h. 


dp, m. water, s. 

bT wnn dpdy f. an elder sister j self. h. 

c^U^ W^nV a-;pap, guiltless, without crime, s. 

t->l 4— ^t dp-dp, m. selfishness, egotism, h. 

Jb\ ^m^ a-pdtr, unfit, unworthy. 8. 

^j^«ib^ ^nn^Pf apdddn, m. taking away; 
the ablative case in grammar, s. 

tjii^\^ "^Pn^If updddn, m. cause, motive, s, 

Jbt>b\ wmn upddhf f. violence, injury, in- 
justice. 8. 
J^^\j\ ^^nf^ upddhi,m.& virtuous reflection; 

deception, disguise ; a nickname, t. 
^»ib\ ^rm^ upddhi, violent, unjust. «• 
(^Ub,>b^ ^^n«rra upddhydy, m. a spiritual 

" preceptor, a. 

bUlbi^b) ^muiim tipa(/%a^a, 1 f.aninstruc- 
^bjb^b\ ^nmnift upddkydyt, > tress, the 
[TUjbtib^ gmmi^ upddhydnt,} wife of a 

^spiritual preceptor. «. 

jb\ ^niK a-pdr, boundless, excessive. 8. 
jb\ ipdr, thyme, wild marjoram, p. 
«J^A»^b\ ^qifSir Mp5r;t*, acquired, gained. <• 
^^jb\ inr^ updrjan,m. acquiring, gain- 

ing. *. 

bjb\ >nn¥^ updrnd, a. to root up, extir- 
pate, eradicate. «. 

(j*>b^ V^TfT upd8, m. a fast, hunger. 8* 
Iw^b^ T^^n^ updsd, hungry, one who fasts, s, 
{JjXmAA TOnni updsakf a worshipper, a 

servant s. 

U**»b^ 9mil«1l updsand, f. reverence, wor- 
ship, attendance ; v. to reverence, t. 

^rf^bl ^Tinft ttp5<i, serving, worshipping. «. 
euutfb) vm^ upo^a, worthy of reverence. 8. 

9jJm\A IRIITYR apdshraya, helpless, desti- 
tute, without shelter. 9. 
\jy^\ ^Tipi a-pa^, raw, unripe, undressed. «. 
^\jk^A>\ ^MIWM updkhydn, m. an old 

story, a legend. «. [laying. », 

,4Jy3b\ 7^T9^ updlambhy m. abuse; de- 
^b^ vnH apdn, m. emission of wind 

(backwards), i. 

bbf 9^T«n updnd, a. to create, produce, 

earn, adopt, contrive. A. 

(.L^bl ^nniF opdng, m. the outer corner of 

the eye, a sectarial mark on the forehead ; adj. maimed, 
crippled.'darshant m. a side glance, a leer, a 
wink, s, 

jW ^^TW upd,o, m. remedy, redress. 8, 
^\>\ ^sm^^a-pdvan, defiling, polluting. 8. 
^bf VMIi^lf apdhaj, lazy, cripple ; a per. 

^ son who never TisitB any one. s, [preparation, a. 

{j\>\ wmn upde, m, remedy, plan, scheme, 
(/bt Wfm o^p^y^> injurious, destructive. 8, 
^b^ TJ^rnft updyl, contriving, remedying. 8. 

(^U)\ tnWT^ apabdd, ro. complaint, accu- 
sation, s. [<ui accuser. «. 

(Ci^Vo^ VMCH^*) apabddi, m. a complainant, 

fyi\ ^f^f^^ a-pabUr or a-pavitr, impure, 
imdean. s. [ness, Impurity. «. 

bjCf)^ ^ilffVin a-pabitrata, f. unclean- 
/imJj\ Wim apabca, also VU?^ apaba- 

9hy<h absolute, independent, s. 

/j;Aj^ TTTf upaban, m. a grove, an arti- 
ficially planted wood or garden. ». 

\Jm\^\ ^V^¥(lW\ apabhdskd, f. low, vulgar, 
or obscene language. «. 

#jt3jAjj\ ^ni49 apabhran8h,\jn, common 
(jSto^i ^cni^ apabhansh, J or vulgar 

language, imgrammatical speech. «. 

;^L>) 9MMIil# upapdtakf m. a great crime, 
snc^ as the killing of a cow, atheism, &c. «. 

Ouj\ ^infllf upapati, m. a gallant, one 
who keeps a woman to whom he is not married. «. 

jT imnr or Wnftc) dpat and a^ia^A/, f. 
calamity, misfortune. apat-kiUt m. time of distress. « 


( 7 ) 


ilA^I ^vm apta^ true^ tnistworthy. «• 
%Z^\ ^S^ftl apaiij f. disgrace, dishonoar. #• 
b^t wnr apta, f. qaotienty an equation of 

ft device, f • 

<i*A:i>^ vmim upatapf in. sickness, pain, 

heat «. [ipring, chiWliwii. i. 

jl^ W^ alBO ^V^WV a-putVf without off- 
\3jiyb^ W^finnr? a-pativratd, an anchaste 

woman, a eonrtMaa. $. 

•4H^ ^'^^ a-^ia^Ay m. a wrong path, error. « • 
f^j^^ ^S^HBR a-patkyaf indigestible, s. 
wfi^ V^iQ a-patya^ m. offspring, race. «. 
wj) Wirmi a-patiyaf 1 faithless, trea- 
j|Ujj\ ^nfiniTO C'patiyara,) cherous. s, 
%Z^ ^ni? a^atUp awkward, nncouth. $. 
i^iS^^ vmr a^patah one whose hands 

end fieet are become useleat, panljtia h, 

^^\ '9^Z^ uptaUf 1m. a paste for scoor- 
Ua>^ 9^i;pn uptandfj ing the skin when 

bathing, k, 

U^I^^ V^mt upathna, n. to be tired, or to 

be rick of a buiinaai. k. [thechonia. A. 

^ V^ni vpajf f* the barthen of a song» 
\j\afr\ 'W^mnft fipjana, a. to produce, to 

make to grow. K 

j>la^ 'V^Hrai upjOfVf fertile^ productive, h. 

C^^\ 'amftlir upajit, produced, propa- 
gated, t. [exertioo. s. 

f^^IoBs^ 9M4ff«l upajatan, m. preparation, 

Wnra apajas, m. infamy, disgrace, t. 

*^ Vimft apaJM, infamous, unfor- 
tunate. «. 
Ucf^Ji ^iunn upajnOf n. to spring up, to 

grow, to proceed. A. 

l^^Aflsr) TmAfnn upajUvikat also V^nA^Pf 

t^'iwn, C IiTelihood, means of lining. «. 

iffiff^ vmihft upajivt, dependent, liying 
j\:f,\ '9^^ft upaeharj m. service, remedy, 

practice of phyric, naage. «. 

,^ff^ ^mV a-^uchh, without a tail. «. 
\a;^) ^ra^Kf a-puchha, f. name of a species 

of tree. *. [watte. «. 

^yf^ ^V^*TC apaehayay m. loss, detriment, 

•VjT wni?f aparf, or W< ^W^ apada, f. 
miffortime, calamity, apad'grasta, inTolved in ea- 
lamity. $, 

U>t "9^ upaddy f. a meeting, a present 

made at an intenriew. «. 

j;(X>l 9if^ upadraVf m. a portent; vio- 
lence, ii^ory. *. [vour. #. 

(^«H^ TTV^ upadamkf m. relish, fla- 

0\i»«y>\ Tmnn upadhdtu, m. a sort of 

inferior mineral, f. 

(j<*><3^^ ^^1^ ^pcideSf m. advice, counsel, 

exhortation, admonition. # . [adTiaer. «. 

^2^«H^ ^M^f^H upadesifif advising, an 
(^^5^(H^ "^n^^ tipadesi and upadesak, m. 

** an adviser. «. 

^\ ITTC cpar, another, a second, opposite, t. 

j>\ 'W9!t upar (also inft upari), over, 
above, t. [non-acqwsition. t. 

(il^^^ ^nnfil Orprdptif f. non-attaiument, 
\i>^\ TnnTT uprdtd, m. the west d 

VMilf^ll a~pardjit. unerrine, in- 

vincible, s. 
l2iN>^\ imXlf^rtT a-pardjUdf f. the name 

of a twining shrub ; called also koyal, or kawtff&^enfi, 
orow's-beak. Clitoria tematea. s. 

i£r)j^ VMilvm a-pardjay, m. victory. *. 

^T^};)^ VMil^^ fl-paracAtn, modem, re- 
cent. $. 

t^^)j>^ Wirry aparddh, m. crime, fault. #• 
^1^];^^ W^nftpf aparddkin,^^ criminal, 
i^^j^ WM<I^ aparddht, J a sinner, 

** an offender. «. 

JU>^ "Wnsn uprcU, over, above. (2. 

^]j^ Vin9 t<j7ra2a, m. aid, assistance. 

aprd^ karna, a to take one's part, to protect, stickle 
for. A. [wards. A. 

C^];^ VHPil uprdnt, after which, or after- 
{Sj^)j^ VlimO fiprawari, quarrelsome, 

wrangling. A. 

^^\^\ ^Wny apardkna, m. the third 

pahar; afternoon. *. 

\^j>\ mum a-prabhdp f. darkness, dulness, 

want of splendour, t. 

^Jfb^^ milVme^ a-paripda, f. deviation 

** from established custom, f . 

c^iA3^^ mnny a-^atdp, m. want of acute- 

ness, of power, or of fortune, s. 

^^Vy^ VHfll^ a-pratdpi, blunt, powerless, 

*** unnnrtunate. s. 

\ib«3jjJj^ mrf^rhn a-^atibandkd, m. an 

undispttted inheritance, s. 

IaI13j\ ^raftrer a-pratishthd, f. want of 

respedlabUity. «. [ipro*ya**J, q. v.) i. 

i^dj} mwn a-praiaktky secret (property 
Ia) j\ ^nnn a-prathdy f. deviation from 

custom; secrecy. «. 

CAJLyt VinAir a-pratit, without credit. #. 
^x^j>\ ^mrfhrt a-prafitl, f. want of con- 

fldence or of credit, mistrust *. 
ii^j>^ ^WOTI a-pratyahsha, invisible, 

not obvious to the eye. «. 


( 8 ) 

i^^j^ WITFni a-pratyay, m. distrust, unbe- 

"lief. s. [tnutfuL t. 

^«-j5^^ Vnn^1 a-pratt/at/i, doubtful, mis- 

*y^j>} WU^TOl Orprachand, without dig- 
nity, not strong, s. [trial or proof, s. 

^^j^ VMr<^l a-parichchha, f. want of 
^^\jbi^^\ winvnf orprtulkan, little, mean, 

powerless, subordinate, not chief. «. 
ij^*j^ VQ4 apars, in. the state of a Hindu 

after bathing previous to worship or to eating, during 
which it is unlawful for him to touch anj one. Le- 
prosy, from Arab, abrof. uparas, m. a kind of red 
chalk; bitumen; a subordinate flavour. 

(>U^f ^nrm^ a-^rasad, m. disapprobation, 

disfifivour. s. 

i^d\Mi>j>\ VMI^ a-pragddt, that which is 

not presented to the Deity. «. 

tkd>iMj>\ mvfi^ a-prasiddhj unknown, hid- 
den, not celebrated. ». 

{j^j>^ Winm a^rasannaf disagreeable, dis- 
satisfied, t. [nate. i. 
{^j>\ inr?^ a-purtuk^ impotent, effemi- 

O^ Vv^ VIFSIiTV a-^akdsh, m. that which 

is hidden or obscure. «. 

(JLt!^^ WffVli? a-prakat, unmanifested, not 

apparent, s. 

^ij>} 9V<cJ&l uparld, superficial, the outside 

of a cloth or raiment (opposed to the lining), h. 

{^^^^ VWM a-praman, without proof, un- 
true, s. [tic, without authority, t. 

i^\iCjA VHHiPuI^ a-pramanik, unauthen- 

ajlSU^I ^miTTI^r a-pramdnya, want of proof 
or of authority. «. [finite. «. 

jbAj>\ llM<mi. a-param-pdr, boundless, in- 
CLf^j)\ W^fcfHw a-parimit, unmeasured, 

nnlimited. «. 

U^^ 9'Mi«il itpama, m. a scarf, a covering, k. 
*/!?/ jffV^^ flMI.«fT^ WT3T^ uparwdfi tar- 

wajt £ surfeit, mort de chien, cholera morbus, h. 

c^jjt ^vnr^ op-rifp,m. self, self-formed, 
the Deity. Dakh. strange, wonderful, rare. A. 

>i)j|^\ T^rdv fiparodh, m. partiality, sup- 
port, favour, kindness, s. 

l^ • j\ ^mQ^I upraunchdy m. a towel or 
aoth for wiping the body. a4). superficial h. 

{jl^/^ Wirtbf a-pratntiy unskilful ; apra- 

vlnatdj f. want of skill or of experience. 9. 

^jj\ vfin a-pWy, hated, disliked, un- 

fHendly. s. [dislike, t. 

C-A>;>^ wrftfic a-priti, f. enmity, hatred, 
\JiJSjj>\ VMO^I a-parihshdy f. want of trial 

or proof, an insufficient trial of any thing. 9. 

^j>\ ^rt^T a-prenif m. want of love, enmity, 

* hatred. .«. 


►5>^ ^ni'IT! uparndy n. to be rooted out, 
to be pulled out ; to be skinned. K 

^j>\ ViTftn aparnd, n. to come to hand. d. 
{j»*>\ wm dpas, pron. recip. themselves, 

one another; hence kindred, brotherhood, fellowshipw 
Spa9 mei^ rahnd is applied to signify adultery, Ac A. 

^J»»^ ^nro upas, f. stink, staleness, putre- 

iiiction, rottenness. A. 

gg/uo^ VPI^ upastri, f. a concubine. «• 
^^jLj^ T^FT upasth, m. f. the organ of 

generation of males or females. «. 

O^Jum^^ 9M(V<IiI upasthit, ready, present, 

at hand, arrived. 9. 

^;«M>t V^B^ apsard, f. a female dancer in 

the court of Indra. «. 

i^J|M.O^ 7^1^ upasarga^ m. a particle or 
prepcMition ; a portent or natural phenomenon, s. 

jUmJ^ V^RRTC apasmdr, ro. the epilepsy. «• 
UmJ\ 9iir9<TT upasndf n. to become musty, 

to rot. h. 

0>,y^\ Wfm apanavyaj ro. the right side 

(or half) of the body ; a^j. opposite, contrary. «. 

>*«»^^^ 9M9IIM upashdstrUf m. sciences 

connected with or derived from the shSstra. «. 

diA^l^f 4M^II«ff upcuihdnta, calm, pacified, 

appeased. 9. [or tranquil. 9. 

^H>\ 4IM^|l*ril upashdnfi, one who is calm 
djJi*A ^(^^g^ apashabd, m. wind broken 

backwards ; a disagreeable sound. 9. 

<J1ax£;j\ llur>Mfl a-puskpit, without flowers 
(a tree or plant), that does not bear flowers, not in 
flower. 9. [lean. 9. 

viLA^\ yxn apashtf hidden, secret ; a-pusht, 
^2^^^ VM^I^H apaskakun, m. any unlucky 

omen or portent, also aptuakun. 9. 

J^ Tif^ upashamy m. patience,calmne88. s. 

dih\ VW a-paky or VIH a-pfl^A, unripe. *. 

-rK im^\ ^rnniiW dp-kdj, 1 attending to 

^j>\ WWUft dp'kdjt,) one's own 
** business, attending to one's own affairs. #. 

Mj\ ^nnirPC apakdvy m. a hindrance, detri- 
ment, injury. 9. 

JiS\ TiniTT upakdr, m, favour, kindness, 

protection. «. [log. t. 

^c.K>\ 9U4i'l^ tt;?«Aari, beneficent, aid- 
^j^ '9^'fWtlM updkdrak, m. a friend, a 

protector. 9. 

l^\ VTiinn a-pahtd, f. immaturity. «. 
iJLnM»Jj\ ^nrn apakrUhta, bad, inferior, 

deteriorated. «. 

f^ij^ 7mm upakraniy m. deliberate c 

^ mencement of an undertaking ; a stratagem. 9, 

j^jij\ yn^A apakarm, m. 

• worthy action. ». 


a mean or un- 


( 9 ) 


^2^^ >m^Q upahararij m. the insignia 

of rojBlty ; mwoB, materials. «• 

^jSii\ wm^ a-paksh, without wings, with- 
out aaristance or protectloii. «. 

i i, ? « K > > ^ HM'H^i^Jl apakalanPf m. an indelible 


iZ* M ir^TV upagatf promised, agreed. $. 
^^^ T^Vf upagrahf m. a prisoner, a man 

or animal in conflnement. <. 

^Cj\ T^PUT upagam, m. agreement, promise, 

* approach. «. [dons itone, a jewel. «. 

^ "99 upal, m. a rock, a stone; a pre* 
^f ^ngt upla, m.acakeofdriedcowdnng. A. 
y^\ Wtwn dplav, m. bathing, ablution, s* 
Ca J l > \ 7i|f^ upaltpta, plastered, smeared 

over. #. 

ilJ^I wni^a;'/«^,bathed,8prinkled(upon)$ 

m. an initiatfid houeeholder. #. 

1>\ wq^V apalajjf 1 impudent, immo- 
^«iBil vif^^vO apalajjifj dest, shameless, f. 

IsH' VM<#VII apalajjd, f. impudence, shame- 

leaiaeaa. «. [omen or bod sign. «. 

f^j^fHt VM<#1I|^ apalachchhanj m. a bad 

(2;Af^' 9M^V|4a upalachhan (properly wpa- 
lofaAon^ m. a figure of speech, an elliptical ezpres- 
sioB, a qrneedodie. s. 


ndons appeanmoe, unlnckj. #. 
jb^ ^sn aplav, m. bathing, ablution. #. 
A^ >n9^ upA, f. smaller kind of cakes of 

- oow-dnng. h, 

\_y^y\ tnF^ i(pal077,m.smearing,pla8tering. t. 
«JfAb\ 9M^M^ upalepan, m. act of smearing, 

piutering with cow-duog. «. 

U>t ^niTT t/j><7fna, f. comparison, simile, that 

thing to which another is likened. «. [last «. 

ioW^ Tint tfpaman, m. simile, &c. as the 
i»X^\ WWTf apamdn, m. disgrace, an af- 

firaot. #. [graced, s 

\Zfj\^\ vq^lfHIl opamant^, degraded, dis- 
fi\^^ HMHH^ apamdm, or WWW a/?a- 

* sMiiya, dlsgrBoed, abased. «. [likeness, t. 

iZj^\ 7i|Mir tijMZint^t, f. resemblance, 
fjj^ iRmv apamrityUf f. an unnatural 

or untimely death. «. 

/j;>T ^HHR fl;?an, pron. recip. self. A. 

/o>T tnm dpanna^ afflicted, gained or ac- 
quired ; one who comes to another for shelter. «. 
U)\ ySKl apnd, m. 1 pron. of or belonging 
J>\ inft apnl, f. J to self, apm gd,ona, 

to sing one's own praises, to egotize. A. 

UU>\ ivmnn apnand, a. to make a thing one^s 

own» to convert to one's own use. k. [kindred. A. 

4J1a^.U>^ minnf aprutt/at, f. family relations, 
Ul>^ iniTlT apanpa or apampd, m. one'*s 

self. Used only in the accusative, as opoilpa 6ociana, 
to guard or protect one's sel£ h. 

«^jjj\ v4^ a-panthf m. a wrong road, or 

bad road, a devious track ; heresy. «. 

^jAIo^ inhft a-pantht, one who has lost 
** his way, devious, heretical, a heretic. 

A«m1>^ wfHM^f upaniskad, m. sacred texts or 

extracts from the Vedas. «. 

c£ajI>1 VT^fVnV dpafUkf m. an emerald. 9» 
vlX^ ^^3F ^P^^f ™* ^ ^i^<^ ^^ musical 

instrument, s. [a4|. wicked, void of merit, t, 

ih>} ^fJlV opunya^ m. uncharitableness ; 
^^ ^TTtPV upanaya, 1m. the initiation 

^;|^^ 9M«1<I^ upanayanfj of the three first 

classes of Hindus; investiture with apeculiar thread 
or card worn over the left shoulder. Vide Wilson, s. 

jfCjujf V^^ upanetraf m. spectacles, glasses 

for the eye. #. 

4H^ V^IV apunya, m. uncharitableness. «• 
i^^^fw^n^apat^a^, m. complaint, reproach, 

accusation, s.- [accuser, s. 

{^^^y>^ VMMKt^ apavadi, m« a complainer, 

(ji*)^t 9*^^711 vpavdiy m. fasting, a fast. «. 

<^^^t VM^KaI upavdsi, m. one who fasts. «• 

Oj^\^ra?ra-pi^ childless; undutiful (child), s* 

y^^ ^rvfrw a-pavUra, unclean, defiled. $• 

^^ IRf^nnn a-pavitratd, f. uncleanness, 

filth. «. 
dL>^\ a/>t2;, pure, unadulterated. <2. 

Cll>^\ ^r^^nv apiujahf ungodly, irreligious. «. 

auL>^\ V^9r opijya, that which is not 

wonJiipped, or not a proper object of worship. «. 

^<^^ ^Mfqui upavfdyd, f. profane science, 

(opposed to sacred). <. 

H^^^ W^G^ a-pur5, new, unheard of, ad* 

mirable, uncommon, remarkable, s. [ardly. t. 

{j!*j^ ^fl^hs^ a-paurush, unmanly, cow- 

^iLf^y>\ ^nn4 apavarg, m. liberation, deli- 
verance, emancipation, s. 
UJ^ ^H^ a-pum, m. a fraction ; adj. not 

foU, incomplete, apum^cal, premature, untimely. «. 
\:6.^\ ir^#RT a-pumatd, f. incompleteness, jr. 

fj>j^ Vni%i! upavaman, m. a minute 
description, s. [rslleled, eminent, unheard of. «. 

tmj^\ ^in^ a-purva, unprecedented, unpa- 

(jMy\ ^^^ftr^ upavish, m. a narcotic. «. 

(j^^ ^i|^ upavan, m. a grove, an artifi- 
cially-planted wood. «. 


( 10 ) 


CaJ>^1 T^^ upavit, m. the brahminical 

thread, t, 

i^^ ^n^ vpavedf m. the ParinaB, &c. q.d 

depending on, or derived (springing £rom) theYeda. s. 

0^l|^^ 4 M^lll upahds, m.laughter^fuDySport.^. 

^]j^^ ^Vmcr^n aphrana, a. to feed one so 
that hifl belly swell ; met. to slve one (money, &c.) to 
the utmost extent of his desire. Also used in a 
neuter sense, h. 

^)j^^^ ^npii apkrd,t,f. gluttony, a surfeit, h. 

^jti^ Vniix apaharid, m. a robber, a plun- 
derer. «. [ing, purloining. 

{*)j^ W^f^ apaharan, m. act of plunder- 

^;4i^ Wi|C«!T apkamdj n. to swell out (the 

beUj); to gormandise, to eat to satiety; to become 
very rich. h. 

^j^^ ^snfftjn aphariyd, f. a subdiyision of 

the caste or tribe called abhtr or ahir, q. v. h. 

J4i^ ^Vi|l9 a-phal, fruitless, barren.^ s. 
CJi4^\ WQ^^ a*phalitf not in fruit, s. 
^^^^ VicT^ill a'phaliia, f. barrenness, non- 

productiveness, s, 

Ul^^ Tipn uphatma, n. to boil over. A. 

' apahnaVf m. denial,concealment. <> 

y^J ^BTTf aphu, \ . . . 

..T _ _n__ - I- M- opium. A. 
-•A^i WrtSR apAtm,J 

^j;J^^V^ a-:pA^, without foam. #. [stinate. *. 
tjOA^^ W^i^ aphendd, self-conceited, ob. 
^j\ ^ ape, same as dp, self. ap« *on 

•* tqjft of one's own accord, spontaneously, h 

jj\ ^rfhc a-pir, without pain. «. 
(jmJJ^ ^nnn[l apayash, m. infamy, disgrace, s. 
t<i^ Wnnft apayaskl, infamous, unfortu- 

** nate. s. [qualified, s. 

Ca5uo^ ^^V^ upayukta, worthy, fit, proper, 
liiuJ^ 11^^ apehhd, f. expectation, hope. s. 
CU!;ia.>\ apekshit, expected, waited for, hoped 

for. *.* [a4j. expecting, waiting for. 

(^JLlioj\ ir^VEir apekshak, m. an expectant ; 
^^^iioo^ ^r^^ apeksht, expecting, hoping ; 

** an expectant. 

^^^\ tl^ apekh, invisible, unseen, s. 
l^^^ 'T^^n '^r^l^ upekhd, or upekshd, f. 

trick, fraud, stratagem. «. 

(j|0^ ^V^{t«T apUn, light, lean. <• 

/jjjjf ^v4t«T9 apinas, m. dryness of the 

nose, want of smell, a cold. «. 

ij^^ V^inft'A upayogt, useful, suitable. «. 
/Vh^ ""^ a-|>eya, unfit to drink, forbid- 

** den liquor, s, 

C^\ 5arf7 ati, a particle denoting excess, 

used in compounds, as ati-pdn, m. a drunkard, or one 
who drinks to excess; a/i-paraA-rafa,verypowerfiiL «. 

ct ^ it, or t^a, here, hither, ^ut,on 
uta, there, thither, ^flf itif a word usually 

written at the end of books, letters, fieCt denoting 
that it is finished, like the Persian expressions, taatdm 
thud, xiydda ehi, &c. «. 

Ol ivnr af, m. custard apple. Annona 

squamosa. A. 

bl ^rnn a^a, or Win atd, m. father; a custard 

apple. Annona squamosa, p. A. 

131 or JUI l^irr t^a, or ^VT^ t^o/^ nowi ut 
present, d, 

^1 ^CT tffa, this much or many. A. 
U1 WT tfffa, that much or many. A. 
dJLj\31 atdbahf m. (q. d. dtdbeg, the lord 

fiither), a master, teacher, a title given to kings or 
prime-ministers ; name of a family who occupied the 
throne of Persia from A. D. 1148 to 1264 ; Se^di de- 
dicates his Gulistin to a prince of this family, p, 

j^\ Vim. utdr, m. descent. utoT'dendf to 

bring down ; met to disgrace, dishonour, h. 
^131 WKTU utdrdf m. answer; ransom, sel^ 

devotion ; cast-off or second-hand, h, 

{•u^^ WIKJ^ utdran, f. a fragment descent, 

disgrace, h, 
^j^\ 9AI<.«n utdmd, a. to bring down; to 

tear off, cut off, or break off (a portion of any thin^). 
lUdre hue, pi. engaged with desperate resolution in 
any enterprise (metaphor taken fr^m cavalry, who 
dismount to fight on foot, with a determination to 
conquer or die), h. * [stances, d, 

^Jo\ utdrfidf a. to act according to circum- 

^\31 atdWif m. a private tutor. ataHlot pri- 
vate tuition, education. /. [on the back, h 

^\3\ vrritT utdn (also uttdn), supine, lying 
U\3\ Virnn utdnd^ proud, conceited; also 

supine. See chit. d. [despatch, h, 

Jj^^ Tirn^ utdwalf f. quickness, speed, 
^j^l 9AI4<J^I utdivld, m. 1 swift, quick, 
jj3^^ Tirn^ utdwli, f. J speedy, A. 
^y^S VWI^ atdfi, m. one who sings and 

dances gratis, h, 
^*^ t ^mnfv<T dttdyinf\ m. a felon, thief, 
(3^) ^nwni( dttdyi, J murderer, in- 

oendiary. «. 

JJj\ nflTTR atibdrf very frequent. *. 
j\j51 atbd' (pi. of jf> or g\3) followers, 

dependants, itbff and ittibff, following, obeying, 
obedience, a. 

b^^ VPri^lM atibaktd, m. a great talker, 

a babbler, s, 

Ja3\ ^rfinr^ atibalf very powerful. «. 
X^\ ^»fk»n^ atibhdr, m. a very great or 

excessive burden, s. 

^^yju3\ ^riir^a^i^^/, frequently, very often, s, 
I ^nini a^op, m. sunshine, sunbeams. «. 


CA^ 9inw utpatf m. Yiolencei injustice^ 

kgvry. «. 

(^U>^lirA<|lil4 atipatakt m. abeinoassin.f. 
^^L>\ unmiffd atipdtakt, one who cooi- 

** mita a veiy great or heinous sin. «. 

(g^^^ 97n?^ utpatant m. plucking out» 

enuticadsg. «. 

^^VJ>1 ^m^ utpadant m. prodacing. t. 
^Vj3^ vtilMH atipan* m. a drunkard; exces* 

enuve drinking, inelxiety. «. 

iZ^\'WFtNiutp{Uti, utpatt, f. birth* origin, s. 
OJt ^nni tt^toptot anxious* excited. «. 

tl^^>;^^ Tid^ utprehska, f. indifference, 

carelennen ; iUustratioa (ia poetcy, &&). #. 

^y^^ "Wf^ utpalf m. a species of the lotus 

flower. 1. 

^^^ 97IW utpannt produced* gained ; s. m. 

prcdnoe. «. Vaguest «- 

«^5^ wf\rfi| ah'^Aa or atithU m. a stranger, 
^4^5^ Viftn Ortathdt powerless* without au- 

tbority. 9, 

sj^l WfKVS( atitht/Of 1 hospitable, at- 

«M4*>T mrfl^M atithei/a,j tentive to a 
goett «. [aoid; Terj pungent «. 

^M>Vf>t vfirflw a<t<iAiAfia» sharp* hot* or 
^^W vfMlili atijagar, m. the black oor- 

kw; a4J. very wakefnl, restleflB. «. 

(^^^\ ^rfklfrt a<(;o^* very worthy, $. 
(22^ \ ^rfM)% aii^tma. very old, decayed. «• 

j^\ ^vfv^R atichar, m. the rapid motion 

of a planet firam one lign to another, t, 
i3W\ ittikadf m. union* concord* intimate 

friendship.' a. [beralitj. «. 

^;^<>3\ vOl^lH a^tian, m. munificence* li- 
i\Sj\ ^vfir^Tl[ atidahf m. great heat, violent 

inflammation. «. [cnlty or dlBtress. «. 

C^j31 nrfflg^ atidurgatf f. great diffi- 
jC2o3^ ^ iPifd^^l atidushkar, Tery difficult. «. 
j^^ ^'^^'^ a^ieittr, m. a great distance* 

afar off. « 

oi^jj3) ^rf^ff^ atidoshf m. a great fault, s. 
J\ Vfrt tt«ar, m. an answer; the north. 

Adj. pwterior, Bubeequent #. 

y\ W^ airOf here, in this place, s* 

j\ ^n. itar^ affected, giving one's self airs ; 

playful, wanton, coqaetti«h, gay; other, different. 
low, vile. itar-Mc, people of low caate. i. 

yT mXKK atur, grieved, sick, perplexed. 8. 

\3\ ^IRI uttarof northern* northerly; f. 
north-' - 

11 ; 


j\Sjbi3^t TWUfran. uttaradhikaTf m. an 

inheritance. ». [an heir. «. 

t^(^j\y^ "^WHi utiar^rdhy the second or 

laat half (of a book, &c.) t . 

li^^y^ ^^iim^l uttaraskarhat f. the 

twen^-first lunar mandon. «. 

tiJy\ JL«raA (plur. of tiJ^), a Tartar or 

Turcoman, a. 

Uy \ TinCRT utranof a. to boil over ; to take 

down, to puU down (by the hands of a third penon t 
to do it one's self is utamd), h, 

^Jp^ IJTTO<^ itrdnap a. to give one's self airs, 

to act with affectation ; to act in an unnatural or 
unusual manner. K 

^U) QliH^ uttarawanf m. a place 

wfiere flsh throng to. A. 

U)^1 911<ltl uttarahd, of or belonging to 

the north, t. [wanton. A. 

L>^\ ^^smn itraydy affected, playful, 
U^(J\^^ ^Ht^ iftsTf utrdfi'lumaj to be 

thankful or gratefiiL d. 
^|;3t TRTPni uttardyafij m. northing; 

the six months from Maght when the sun is north of 
the equator. 9. 

«Hj^^vP^ ^Hi^lJlM^ uitar-bkadrapad, m. 

a mansion of the moon (the twenty-seventh> «. 
Jbp^ Wfrm^ atarpdl, m. land that is left 

uncultitated. «. 

CJ^y\ ^Rirf^ a-tarpit, dissatisfied. «• 
{^\ y\ ^Kn a-tripta, restless, uneasy. «. 
^Jll^y^ TIRWipft uttar-pkalgum, f. the 

twelMi lunar mansion. «. 
^\ WTH atrauy m. name of a climbing 

plant used in medicine, (Cynanitum eztensum). d. 
^\ VHT.^ utran^ f. a fragment, any thing 

taken off from the body ; cast clothes, rin se utran- 
kona, to be freed from debt h, 

^i\ Qfli^l utama, n. to come down from 

a height; to pass over; to go off; to become in- 
sipid ; to fall in yalue or in dignity, nashd utra» his 
intoidcation is gone off. A. 

Ulaj) 9M4^^MI utarmand, a. to cause to 

be brought down, or lowered. A. 

JJjJ^ ^lOvi uttarottar, m. further and fur- 

ther; a rejoinder to a reply in law. #. 

i/jJ^ vfir^ oHrog, m. consumption, s. 

A^{Sj\ j;A^99 itrt-phaly m. an electuary 
compoeed of myrobalan with coriander-seed and 
honey, d. [another, d. 

ji\ 'WW^ uttar, placing one thing over 
j\Ji\ ^iflmit. atisdr, m. dysentery, diar- 

rhcea. atUaraki and €ai9ari, dyssnteric, aflBicted with 
dysentery, s. 


( 12 ) 


bLJ\ Trmi ^oh, m. joy, gladness^ plea- 
rare; penereranoe. #. 

%l/j**3\ Tl^nn utsarff, abaodoning, coDse- 

cratiiig ; a rule or preeept «. 

ftJLSW^ vHlli^il atisanchaya, nu a hoard, 

great aocnmnlerion. t . 

ym3\ 'Wfn utsaVf m. rejoiciDg, public de- 

monstrationf of Joj. «. [rimum. «. 

^j^^ VinA atM, f. flax (Ztftttm uW^o/u- 
^Jn3 I dtish or ato^Ay f« fire, flame, p. 
Tl^j]^\ (jmJ>I ati8h-<ifraza, m, a rocket p. 
Jmy] (jmjT dtishraJroZf kindling fire, fuel. p. 
^^^ (jm3 I dtish-(ifgany casting or throwing 

fire, s, 

j\S^\ (J&3I atUhrandaZt casting out fire, p, 

JjJljf M^t dtith-angeZj kindling, spreading 
or stinuig fire ; an inoendiaiy, a seditious man. p, 

Jj ^JmJI dtish'bdr, flaming, fierj, raining 
fire; afire-lock, tinder-box. p. 

jb (jft^l dtisk'bdzt m. a maker of fireworks $ 

atuh-bSxh t a display of fireworks, p. 

S^l>(jt>l dtithrpdra, m. a spark, a lighted 

ooal; a beautiful person; an ezdter of quarrels, 
quarrelsome, p. 

CUm*;> (j&Pl dtish^parasty m. a worshipper 

of fire, a ffuebre, of the sect of the magi ; SHsh-partuH, 
flre-wonihipping. p. 

9j\^ ^jm3 I dtishrihdnaf m. a fire-temple ; 

pork of artilleiy. p, 

j\^ ^^1 dtish'Mff^ff ni. a fire-eater, a bird 

to called (in Hind. Chakor). A Tariety of Tetrao 
ftfiut Linn., a salamander, p, 

^\d (jm3 I dtish-ddnf m. a hearth, a fire- 
place, a chafing-dish, p, 

jl) {jf2l dtish'rez, pouring out fire; an 
incendiary or ezdter of quarrels, p. 

tg^j {J^ dtith'Zadagi^ f. a fire (i. e. houses, 
"• he on fire, accidentally or by design), p, 

^^\ ^j&jI dtish-zatif or «Sj (J&jI dtish-zana, 

m. tinder, touchwood, any thing combustible ; a tin- 
der-box, with flint and steel; Stith-zanl, or atUk- 
Konagit the act of striking fire. p. 

^\Imm£jT dtUhistdnf f. the region of fire, a 

place where fire abounds (hence applied to a hot fire 
of cannon or small-arms in battle) ; a huge fire ; a fu- 
neral pile, p, 

xf^ ^jtJ t dtish'Uib\ of a fierce or fiery dis- 
position, p. a. [cano. p, 
^JtiiM dtish-fisluin, scattering fire, a yol- 

^^ f^ \ dtish'figan, fire-dispersing, p, 

(^JL13 \ dtishaht f. the venereal disease, p, 

fZ^i^uA ^rfll^fR atighaktOf yery powerful. 

aiishakth £ great power. aHshakiatd, t heroic valour, 
prowess, s 

^dS^(^\ dtiih-kadaf m. a furnace, grate, 

chimney; the temple of fire-worshippers; name of a 
recent biographical work in the Persian language, p 

4r^<J^' atuA-muq;, fieiy-tempered. p.iu 

ij)\j ^JjI diish^ndk, fiery, hot. p. 

^J^^ vfiniR a^tsAay,exces8iTely,very much.«. 

^_^l3t dtight, 1 fiery, hot, irascibly chole- 
{*X^ \ dtishinfj rio. dtishi a,tna, a burning 

lens. tttUktn ah, red wine ; hot tears, atishm gold, 
a bomb-shell, p. 


d<ULl3) nfhlflA atithtif ezcessiyely cold. «• 
u«iLA3t ittisdf, m. description, qualification, 

excellence, praise, a. 

JL^\ ittisdU m. conjunction, adhesion, union, 
attachment, neighbourhood, contiguity, a. 

^l£i\ itttfaftt m. equality ; friendship, union, 

concord, similarity of disposition; chance, fortune, 
accident, lot, success, inadent, opportunity; proba- 
bility. t<ft/3|t^Jlr, to unite. i/^t/Slb-A, to happen, to be 
agreed. itt\fa^e, accidentally, Joindy, conjunctly, a. 

\?\i3\ ittffakoQf accidentally, by chance, a. 
0\jVfl3^ ittifdhdt (pi. of Jvi3^), accidents ; 

successes, occurrences, events a. 

ajum^ ^\so\ ittifdki haganat m. unexpected 

good fortune ; agreeable accidents, a. 

^^ylftif itttfaitt accidental* concurring, a. 

^SL>\ ittikdf m. avoiding, shunning, abstain- 
ing (firom vice); piety, abstinence, a. 

\^\Su\ tf^tjia/*, restraining one's senses; pray- 
ing and fSuting, as in the month of Bamaiin. a. 

Ud atidyd (pi. of^j3)f religious men, de- 
Totees ; the abttemions ; those who foar God. «. 

(^J3f ^inv itakf so much, this much, h* 
\^\ ^vflrVT atikdf much, excessively, A. 
{Sjd I dtkari, a caste of silkweavers in the 

Dakhan. d, [time. a. 

JojI ^rf?ni19 ^ti-hdh m. delay, a long 
iJLJlijC3\ Tf^ utkrishtaf good, excellent. 

utkrUhfa-bhum, m. a gpood soiL «. 

J^^ >m9 utkah a name of the province 

of UfUd, vulgarly called Orissa, a. 

l^lifeol ^TFCHIT utkanfhd, f. regretimgf 

longing for any thing, s. [g'^'t, «. 

CUO^ vni'lOl aiigatif yery much, yery 
J3^ Wil9 a-tuU unweighed; that cannot 

be weighed. «. 

fj^\ ^nc^ a-tcdt the name of one of the 

seven patilas or infernal regions ; literally, bottom- 
less. *, 

^\ TH^T utld (y. uidn>dlS)t swift, quick. A. 


( 13 ) 


I tr 

J\ 'Wfm uttantf greaty principaU first cbieft 

the best, ui i mm pmrn tht en excellent man* #. 

^\ ^niH a^mny m. self, 8oq]» life, body; 

modi need in the oomporitkm of HindtU words, as 
itwMBaai, self-evident; ah»»^MlaA, aelf^berishing, 
idfiah; Sima-ghat, self-mnrder. «. 

3\ atamnu more or most perfect (from tammf 
* perfect, eompleteX a. 

\^ ^mm dtma, f. the soul ; tho body ; the 

beait; the imdentending. «. 

j^^\ itmantt perfection, aooompltsbmenty 

^ completion, a. Podge, t. 

>i3Jk^t VIMjOi dtma^huddhi, f» self-kDOW- 

>jiU»>T WfRW^atmO'bandhu, id. one's own 
*"***^*" «. stmctioo. t, 

S(>jA«>l WHnAv atmorbodhf m. spiritual in- 
(2)J\>e>7 a<ma-pa2a^ self-cherishert selfish, i. 

^1 ^mim atmaj, springing from one's 

^ self; m. a son. «. 

U^T ^ni9lin dtnia-jof f. a daughter. «. 

^A*.»s'>^ mwd^C a<ma-«a9MfeA» m. inter- 
nal doubt. «. [restraint s. 

T WIHdilil atmO'ianyamf m. self- 

WHUH'^ a<m^«AaA<t» f. inherent 
power. «. [pralie. «. 

l^^Ll^ vm^l^lHI atma^shlaghof f. self- 

(^JUpT ^vrfTm atmik, belonging to self, 
own. s, [ness. «. 

bk^T HlfiN^if aimikatOf f. identity, same- 
T VIHIIIM atmorghat, m. self- 

nmider. a/noi^AdlaAand aimagh&tU one who commits 
soicide. s. [ledge. ». 

^LC3T ^mnirnr dtma-ffydn, m. self-know- 
^Ui?r l inmi*fl a<ing-nttmi» self-evident. «. 
1>(3^T Winrvfll atma-vidya, f. spiritual 

knowledge. «. 

Ki^y^ ^nwftnpft dtma-vikrayif one who 

"""mUs himself as a slave, f. [sell «. 

i,Ia|^ ^Iwr^ H atma-hiU beneficial to one's 
IJ^T <i lW<iin dtmarhatyOf f. self-destruc- 
tion, snicide. *. [selfish. ». 
*A^T WlfimiorWInrt'ra/miya ora/miya,own, 

^^^ WR a-/a«, Kamdev, the god of love 

among the Hindus. «. 
U3^ ^RT itndf as much as this, this much ; 
t/nf-emi, in the mean time. A. 

U)^ "^isn uindt as much as that, that much. h. 
\1^\ ^nrw cUant (properly atyanta), very 

much, exceeding, s. 

dlil tni^ dtanhf T m. fear, pain, affliction; 
i±}S>\ Wiwn aton/7, J pomp, dignity, show. s. 
ilX5\ -^itn vttunff, high, lofty. «. 

y1 ^n|^ if^ftt, m. plaits of cloth ; tnar-kar 

tUta btmSyd utke taJA he beat him to a mummy ; 
lit that his body was marked like the plaits in doth. K 

y\ ^ itaUf same as itnot this much. A. 

yt m^ dtUf f. a female teacher, a go- 
verness. A. 

j^y'\ ^^K ittvavt m. Sunday, s. 
^^\y\litimiH ativaSf m. a rigid fast observed 

on certain occasions, t. [poison, s. 

(j2yf ^vfwflpc ativisht ni> an antidote to 
\Ji»y\ vnilfVmi a^vi^Aa, f. a tree whose 

bark is used in dyeing. $. 

Jyt wit^ a-tol, unweighed. h. 

^y T Wt^^ dtuH, 1 f. a female teacher, a 

^y^ "mi^ diunjij governess, h. 

^\ W athf m. the beginning, commence- 
ment, an indeclinable particle* denotiog now, here 
goes, &SC. s. 

\^\ wn athd (for (p-thdK)^ deep, unfathom- 
able, out of man's depth, s. [thing np. j; 

^\4>t T^raH uthapattf m. act of raising a 

(^l|3) ^ftrfTS itifMS, m. a story, &ble ; 
history, tradition. aiikSi, m. ezoesdve laughter. «. 

m\^\ ittihdmt m. suspicion, censure ; in law, 

a charge, an imputation, a. 
^J^^ ^mnr utthdnp m. rising up, awaking 

firom deep; eflbrt, exertion, utthan ekadashi, or de- 
vothan, the Uth of the thukl-paks^ of kdrtik, when 
Vishnu awakes from sleep; during the months that 
he sleeps it Is unlawful to nuury. s, [able. t. 

sl^t WI^ a^thdht m. an abyss, unfathom- 

{^S^^ W^nlf atkdftnt f. a place where peo- 
ple meet to converse and amuse themselves, s. 

C^f^^ ^if^ a-thitf unstable, unsteady, t. 

^^j^^ WlWf (properly Wl^), atharhatif 

name of one of the Y edas. s. 

^•^T VIHiJIm dtkarwanf m. a Brahman 

versed in the Atharvan Veda, t, 

i^X^\ ^ran orthakp unwearied, insensible 

of fatigue. A. 

t)4>\ W^9 G'thaJ, unstable, unsteady, wa- 
vering } land farmed or rented, t . 
^^\ 7^191 uthld, shallow, shelving, s, 

\i'^^\ ( gl^Ml ) utkland, a. to cause to turn 

over, or to be overset, s. 

Jajj J^\ '9^ 5^ uthaJrputkal, over- 
turned, upset, topsy-turvy. *. 
Ul^^ ^T^I^fT uihoLndf m. to turn over, to 

upset (of itself) ; uthalna jmthalna, to be overset. *. 

lU4>\ Wl«RT athmaTUh sunset, the west. s. 
\%^\ ^B^nr athavdt or, or even. «• 


( 14 ) 

^^ ^ id (vide kIj] iti)y a word nsnally 

written at the end of a letter, book, &a, signifying 
that it is finished ; as the Latin FiitU, fta «. 

^J,\ Wift atl, much) very. #. 
c\^\ ^ntf^ ityadit et caetera^ and so forth. ». 
jUj5\ (Hillmt) a<i2>an frequently, very often. *. 
l^^^JU^f uriinniST attbdktOf a great talker, a 

babbl^. t. [of game. A. 

(JV^ (J I VIAlmrfi a^^ti, £ name of a kind 
(J1aj3^ ^nrtK a^if, m. an ascetic, or devotee 

among Hindfks. g. 

d^^ ^llAw a^^, gone by, elapsed^ expired* 

atU-kSl, m. (in gram.) the post or preterite tenae. ». 

C>S^^ Wlrtftlt attriktat much, excessive. 5. 
^jjo\ Tlftr^sf K^tran, worn, cast off (clothes, 

Jewels, &c). f. 

ijjo\ 71^ utiima, arrived, rescued. «. 
(j«iju>1 IIaIh o/if, m. the name of a root used 

in medicine. «, 

<^lAjf\ l(?Hi itek, SO much, this much. h. 
(j*»l|jj\ t^i/io^ (same as itihas), m. a history, 

story, fable. «. 

cL>l a« (dakh.), eight Properly ^*T, q.v. 
b'l ^HTT a^a, m. flour, meal, any ground 

grain; when sifted, the finer flonr, called tHaida, is 
separated from the coarser meal, called nj;t. h. 

U^ ^rn aid, m. an upper room, or story, h, 
\j[^\Cj\ vrnR3Ttf aUatKardt perplexed, 

distressed, d, [room. A. 

(^b'\ ^l7TT!t o^ari, f. a thatched upper 

JU\ mn9 <^-/a/, f. a stack, a rick (of 
grass, com, &c), a heap (of baggage, hc\ q.d. im- 
moYcable. A. 

*il^\ VTT^ oitdldj m. a heap, furniture. A. 
K)b1 tl^prf^nr attalika, an upper chamber. A. 

wjfe jV ^^ ' WT3THrn ^tTT dtdmdti kona, to 
be utterly destroyed, or undone, h. [disorderly, k. 

i±^\l^\ V^M^Ul atpafdng, poor, wicked. 

^^IjLj»1 V^M^I'A atpafanffi, wickedness, 

- absurdity. A. 

^^4^)1 VT^A atpatkt,^ thoughtless, incon- 
J^'f VT^^ft atpaii, J siderate, irregular, 

"unstudied. A. 

viLJl ^r77 atof, coarse, strong cloth. A. 

mUJi imr afaA, f. prevention, bar, ob- 
stacle, name of a river, the Attock. A. 

Kil V7^ atkd, m. a vessel for performing 

ablution ; also the pot in which victuals are dressed 
for the public, at the door of the temple of Jagannath ; 
part, aground, stopped, hindered, h. 

atkawana,} arrest, stop, 

o\x>i ^rrvnVT atkana, a. to prevent, to hin- 
der, to stop, to restrain, to detain, to challenge as a 
sentfy. A. 

J \iy\ V^ l| I cf afkdw, or athd^o, '\ m. prevention, 

UjOjI V^Hmifl atkawana,) 
a challenge. A. 

{j^j*^\ 4^9ki%ll utakkarlaiSf precipitate, 
rash, acting without consideration. A. 

^)^1 V?V9 otkal, f. guess, conjecture, 

judgment, opfaiion; quantity, siie, afkal-hSz, a good 
guesser, an appraiser, a^al-ftachchu, m. (me who 

Kma ox play among cmidren sometnmg iiice our "gueu 
if you can.^' A. 

UJlC)^ HTV^RT atkalndy a. to guess, to con- 
jecture, to judge, to think. A. 

tiiljUciJjf vnn^V atak'matak, amorous 

dalliance, fond tricks and gestures, d, 

UC>\ lR79tTT afakndy n. to be stopped, to 

be restrained, to be prevented, to adhere, cease, rest, 
remain. A. 

^^■■^C>1 ^ITI^ atkhel, wanton, playful. A. 

f^^atf^^ VZ^t^ft atkhelif f. wantonness, an 
** affected (also a graceful) pace or mode of walking. A. 

(J->^ ^179 a-toZ, immoveable, fixed, of de- 
termined resolution. A. 


Ji\ mn atam, m. a heap, pile, or jnass. A. 

I as 

j^\ ^V^^ atambar, a crowd of people, a 

tribe, d. (plur,ofa^). A. 

^^\ vni atany a balcony, an upper room ; 
vx>l ^ITHT afnd, n. to be contained, to be 

filled : as, kua a^gaya, the well is filled up; also tofiU 
up (actively). A. 

(2;ilj^^ 'Wi^m utangarif the name of a river 

near Go»iliar, the name of a plant A. 

^ii\ V7«A afni, f. the horn of a bow. s. 

y> I dto (for a/Aon), the eight, the entire eight, d. 

iJL>\y^^\y\ V^^U^'^m? atwdt^khapodtf 

f. ihe state of a person who in great affliction remains 
bedridden, athwdfi-khafwafi lend, to be confined to 
bed by severe sickness. A. 

M^y\ dpvdn (for athwdn), the eighth, d. 
imm^y\ wii[^ atob, m. nature, constitution, 

essence, power, d. [inexhaustible, s, 

{^y\ Mj[Z a-tutf not liable to be broken, 

iJy^iJy^^ athrvatt-'khatwdti, f. being bed- 

** ridden, (v. apwdt, &c). 

iii}y\ ^rftV a^tok, unrestrained, uninter- 
rupted, without hindrance, unquestioned. A. 

Jyl ^I7t9 a-tolf unpolished (stones or 

jewels), and hence when applied to persons it de- 
notes rude, unmannerly. '* A rough diamond." A. 

^^^\ %fZ^ atvl, f. forest, wilderness, s. 



( 16 ) 



ath, eight; ath ath ansu rona, to 

•lied floods of tean, to weep exceedingly. iUh pahar, 
perpetually ; lit. during the whole eight watcnes of 
daj and night, afh-pakarh one who is constantly on 
dntr, an ei^t>watch man. afhrkhambat a canopy sup- 
ported bjr oght posts, h, 

\^ aftha, the eight at cards, d. 

^^4 ^ » ^^ 9dlf^4l«ll utka-bithana, a. to 

lead into error, cause to err. d, 

cy A 'i?^'^ 731^ ti^-^at^Aiy f. act of 

""freqnentlj rising and dtting down, inoonstancj, rest- 

^^J^'^ ^ITTTf athdrah, eighteen* atharahwany 

also ^AorvaA, the eighteenth, h. 

^^V^ ^STTOft athasif eighty-eight, A. 
(2)^^ "TTT^ fMany m. an area, or court- 

£ act of appearing, arising. K 

vV^ MMI uthandj a. to lift or raise up; 

to eootract dehts or purchase on credit, to drive away, 
to exhibit ufiA-d, to abolish, to do away with. K 

^yV^I ^TTH^ atkanawrve^ or afhanwe, 

ninety-«]ght. h, 

(jlt^V^' ^I^Wf a^hdivan, fifty-eight, h, 
(jM^l^jtl WSt||^ atkdyZSf (also atharvU) 

twenty-eight h. 

1#</^^ "Wl^fttf vthd,%-gird, m. a plun- 
derer, one who pilfers, h. p. 

«^A^^^ ^r3%7 vth'haithj f. restlessness ; a 

kind of exercise. uth-haUh lagna, n. to be uneasy in 

ij^^^^ t ldat^ln athtdtu, forty-eight. K, 
y>^\ ^VTUT athattar, seventy-eight. A. 
(ji*aI^i ^Hwhr athtis, thirty-eight A. 
*i H7W atksathf sixty-eight. A» 
i Vld4h«!l ath-kom, eight-cornered, 

'octangular. «. [tonness. s. 

(Jj^^*^ Vd^^^l atkkeH, f. playfulness, wan- 
J4^^ W79 a^AaZ, m. bathing (of the bride and 

bridegroom together, the third day after marriage), h, 

^^'^ ^d<»HI ithland, a. to walk affectedly 

or ooquettishly, to express tenderness or kindness by 
gestures. A. 

(^U^1 innnil athmas, m. land constantly 

Roughed (for sugar-cane) firom the month of asSrh to 
the month mdgh, both inclusive, s. 

Vi %^ \ VIdlHV dthmaridy the west, in op- 
position to agnuma the east t. 

U^J^ 1 "97^ utkndy n. to rise up ; to go away. A. 

^^yS^y) ^Jil^ uthangaly out of order, with- 
out manner, dull, heavy, stupid, d. 

^^Ia^>1 tr^vpf utkangan, m. a prop, or 

support A. [ness, &c. h, 

^ylj^il WOTld athwdtl, (vide atwdt)^ sick- 

Sj\94J^ vnR athwaraf m. the eighth day 

i^er any other, a week. A. 
^^j^' 1 VHRT a;An7an,the eighth ; (frozn afA).A. 

13\^'^ ^T^THT uthwdnd, a. to cause to be 

raised up. t. [died and dght A. 

y^^^^ ^nfhrnh athotar^sau, one hun- 
l>^*^ 'VS^m uthroaiya, that which rises or 

goes away. s. 

jJ^'\ HNdfTI< athkattar, seventy-eight. A. 
^^\^'^ HdWHlW) athe,dm, (for atkdn), 

** eighty-eight h, 
yL^'\ athednaw \ (for athdnatve) ninety- 

t/y W^ othednawe) eight A. [pushed. ». 

J>:^\ ^i^ a-fA«Z, immoveable, not to be 

j£y^^>\ atkeJiattar, (for atkhattar), seventy- 


^'\ 1K^ a^ f. a hank or bundle of thread; 

"a cant word for a turban, h. 


jJ\ ^sHx ater, f. the name of a town. A. 
^ jJ^ ^R^T«! aterdn, m. a skein or bundle 

of thread, a reel ; the lounge or circle in the manege. A. 

U^\ ^l^^vfT atemd, a. to make up thread 

into skeins, to reel ; to lounge a horse. A. 

ujLlV^ ^V^ d-tekf without support A. 
i^\Ji\ asdsy household furniture^ wealth, 

goods, money, slaves, cattle, &c a. 

^^iiU^i\^\ asdS'Ul-bait,'] household fumi- 
«3\S) a^dsjUf } ture. a* 

j\> \ dsdr, (pi. of y\), signs, marks, traces, 

vestiges ; histories, traditions, memorable events, the 
traditions of Muhammad ; a weight of one 9tr, nearly 
two pounds avoirdupois, a, 

ij^\>\ asdmit m. a defendant in a lawsuit; 

** a culprit, a criminal, a. 

OUj) uhdt, m. f. confirmation, affirmation, 

proof, certain knowledge; Dr. Hunter says that its 
gender in Hindi (when used in composition) depends 
on that of the object (or word following), as, isbdti 
mudda^a kiyd ; igbati td^ir ki ; but this is a weU-known 
rule in the language. — Vide Hind. Gram, gender of 
comp. words. « a. 

j\ (^ar, m. a mark, sign, effect, impression. 

et^ar-ffo^r susceptive of impression, eflTective. a. 

^yiA askalf very heavy, heavier. A. 

U>\ amdf m. the middle, interstice, interval ; 

as ofna-t-roA, in the middle oi the rood, I. e. during the 
journey ; a fold or plait a. 

jiS'\jj\ imd'osharf the twelve, in reference 

to the twelve Im3ms. a. 

j^\ aslr, m. sether; adj. marked, chosen, a. 
j^»f\ asimt m. a liar, sinner, criminal, a. 
^\ ^n oj, m. a goat ; (also the same as dj) 

to^iay, now #. 



( 16 ) 


.! mw aj, to-day. iS^^kalf to-day or to- 

" morrow, booo, in a few day*, qj kal-k^ or ^ kai 
ftolaMA, to procraBtmate. h. 

Wt imfT djOf m. a paternal grandfather, h. 

V^ ^ITlfT ajdt f. a she-goat. s. 

Li^W^ t;a6> m. (in law) the first proposal 

made in a contract kc by one of the contracting 
parties, a, 

iZ^^\ ijabatf f. consent, approbation, a. 
OW\ ymff a-jdt, expelled from one's 

caste. «. [his caste, s. 

^V^ WlfT?A Orjatif m. a man who has lost 

tj\>'\ ijdra, (alsOjWf ijdrX m. a farm; a pri- 

▼ilege, or imxnne of Yariahle amount sold or let lor a 
fixed sum. (/oro-^or, m. a iarmer of land or of reve- 
nne, one that has purchased the labour of another ; the 
holder of a monopoly, ^dra-ddrt, farming or contract- 
ing for rent or revenue. yarddn-paffOt ijdr-paffa and 
^dr-nanuh a lease, any document under which a lease 
or farm is held, a, [hemp, h, 

_^W\ ^mrw djdr^ m. canyasy cloth made of 

^l>-^ ^91fTf tf;ar, deserted, desolate, aban- 
doned, ujdf-k, a. to raie to the ground. A. 

UjWI irmv^l ujarna, a. to lay waste, to 
desolate ; to injurep to expose to loss, as hmuiI ne terd 
kyd i^drd, in wnat respect have I injured you T h. 

^2jV^ ^finjl^i^arii, m. a spoiler, destroyer* A. 

OjV^ ifdzat, f. commands, orders, permis- 
sion, leave, dispensation, sanction. tidxat^iiiioSht a 
petitioner, one who asks leave or permission, ydxat- 
nama, m. any written order or permission, a. 

>'^ TBfFR vjdgar, splendid, gaudy; cele- 
brated. A. 

^V^ 7^91^ ujcUd, m. light, splendour. 

ujdle ka ^aro,, the planet Yenus. h. 

\i\>'\ 9W||$4n ujcUndf a. to cleanse, to po- 
lish (metals or Jewels). K [brightness. A. 

^JW\ ^nnoft ujaUf f. light, splendour, glare, 
J>^W^ VUlHl^' ajamil, the name of a great 

sinner and penitent. «. [cent k. 

^Wt ^Tiinf a-jdn, ignorant, simple, inno- 
^W^ '9mm tijdn^ m. the direction, or part, 

of a river wliich is opposite to ilie course of the stream; 
up the river. A. 

Uls^t vmniT d'jdndf n. to come suddenly, 
to befjiU, to happen, to come. A. [city. A. 

VWT«ft o^'ani, f. ignorance, simpli- 
CiAs»-\ ^rf^ a-jit, un^ubdued, unconquered, 

invincible. «. 

e\^I»>^ ijtimd', m. act of assembling or ga- 

tnering together ; conjunction (in astronomy), a. 

u^\jCk>-\ ijtinabf m. abstinence, continence a. 

i^l^f ijtihadf m. care, efibrt, diligence ; car- 
rying on war against infidels, o^ [a. 

j\^\ ajddd, (pi. of Ju>.) ancestors, forefathers. 




>t wnjpi qjudh (properly €^udh), m. 

a weapon. «. [rant, downish. A. 

>'\ "WWa ujaddf inconsiderate, rash, igno- 
>-^ qjr^ m. retribution, reward of good or 

bad actloos, hire^ Are. a. 

j>'\ vn a^avj ever young, not liable to 

decay or old age. s. 

ff\ nfin ajir, m. an area or court. «• 

\^\ ijrdf m. performance, execution, tjro'kf 
to p^orm, to put in praetioe. a, 

A^l' ajram, (pi. of j^) bodies, a. 
O^^ t0ratf f. reward, wages, hire. a. 
U^t 'VHflfT ujapta, n. to become desolate, h, 
U1jjp>>l 9l|f<IMI ujarrvdndf a. to cause to be 

laid waste (by the hands of a third person). A. 

\y^\ ajzd (pi. of J^ q. v.), parts, portions; 

sections of the ^dn, of which there are thirty, a. 

(jft^\ WlfV a-jdh infamous, disreputable, s, 
iWJ <0sad (pi. of ^1 ^.^ ^ 

Cj(y'\ ^Kl^ a-juktf 1 f. violence, oppres- 
CUC>-\inpnra^'f«^a<,J sion, compulsion; 

a<^. unfit «. 

Cj£>'\ Vlf^ ajgut, surprising, wonderful. <• 
j^\ WWK ajgar^ m. a dragon, a kind of 

large snake, the boa-constrictor; lit the goat-eater. «. 

^y>'\ ajal, f. death; delay, a stated time, 

respite, period for the payment of a debt tual-rasida 
or ajal^gir\fta, seized by fate, on the point of death, in 
a situation that leaves no hopes of life. djU, (in law) 
procrastination, or suiTering such an interval to elapse 
as to render complaint inadmissible, like our statute 
of limitations, a, 

y^\ ajaU, comp. more glorious, a. 

Jj>>) 7^n9 W^h clean, pure, shining; 

blown, expanded- #. 

^\ 91I9T ujla, clear, bright, white, light s. 
(^3)^f ijlds, f> act- of sitting, especially of 

a court of justice like our word sessions, yidti kdmil, 
a full court a. [mean people, a. 

uJ^U-^ ajldf, (pi. of UiiW) wretches, tyrants, 

J^\ ijldl, m. the bestowing or acknowledg- 
ing of greatness, respect <k [to brighten. «. 

U^)k^\ ^lIc^lHI t^ldnd, a. to cause to cleanse 
CJi»-\ TVrf^ W^lit, pure, clean, clear. «. 
UL>>) 79l9«n ujalnd, n. to become clean, 

to shine, to be bright «. 
aL>.\ ajillay(p\. of Jjl>)glorious,ilIustrious. a. 

»U»'\ ijmd'f m. act of assembling, an as- 
sembly, senate, councU, court of Justice, a crowd, a 
collection, amount, the whole. ijmiF-i wjtma/, m. gene- 
ral assembly of the people, unanimous consent ijm^ 
fo^batt the unanimous authority of the companions 
of the prophet on a point of law. a. 



( 17 ) 


vjUi^l ifmalf ID. an abstract, abridgement^ 

oompendknu aocount, BynopeiB, Bummary ; alao applied 
to joint oocapancy or poflWttloD. 

^U>-1 y'mo^y abridged, compendious; in law 

' it denotes what ia held in common (aa an estate) nndl- 
▼ided. nnpaititioned. (fmafi ma^l, an undivided 

>-\ ajmain, (pi. of f^^) the whole, a. 
ajmalf comp. more beautiful, perfect, a. 
\ W¥^ ajmud, Iro.parBlej. (Upturn 
\ Vfii)^! ajmoda,) iuvolttcratumf 

Roxb,), oommon carraway (Carvm Carui)^ a kind of 
lorage {IdgustieuM Ajowan). p. «. 

^Mf>'\ (^rf)V«T) djinf m. the hide of an ante- 
lope, lion, tiger, &&, on which the religions students 
sit or sleepw t. [tela, kinda, sorts, species, a. 

U>>1 afnas, (pi. of (j>^) goods and chat- 
i^\ ajnab, *! foreign, strange, unknown 
\ i^nablfj person, a. 

\ ajndbtyaty f. strangeness, the cir- 

comstaaoe or state of being a foreigner, a. [«. 

^A^\ Vlpll a-janma, unborn, and unbegotten. 
AA>-1 ajitma or ajinnat, (pi. of (J[ia»>), em- 

brfoe. a. [gusticum &c. (▼. tyw&yan), h, 

^1^\ 1II|(|H ajwany seed of the Ajowan li- 
Ut^t Qilil^l ujivana, a. to order a person 

to poor from one Tessel into another, h, 

1^)^) Vim^H ajmat/an, f. the seed of a 

plant of the dill kind (Ligustieum Ajowan), A kind of 
aniseed, e^vwyani tb^asanh henbane, h, 

fj^^yr^ Wi|«ll|,«ll ajtvdyintfC. a kind ofcaudle. d. 
^^y^\ mftir a-jot, without splendour, dull. $. 

\^^\ IVUTT a-jiUJid, untouched, untasted 
(▼ictoals). t. 

i.y>'^ ajura, m. hire, wages, fare. ajurchdaVf 

m. a labourer for hire (whether pud by the day, or 
lor completing a given work), a. 

tjj^^ ajauri^ f. advances, particularly to 

'agricalturallabonrers. K [rare. K 

Jy^\ inftV orjoff without joining, matchless, 
J^l iJWKg ujjfval, dean^ bright; blown, 

expanded, s. 

sZ^y^ y ^Wiiifiik ujjtvalit, pure, clean, clear. 5. 
^y>'\ 7fi|9in ujjfvalta, f. splendour, ra- 

manoe. s. 

fiy^\ ajaulif f. perquisite of the lower castes 

"from the threshing-floor, h, 

^^^\ ^nffajan, hitbertho, as yetyto this day. h. 
USl^\ 9^9ETQr«n ujhdlna^ a. to pour from 

one vessel into another, h. 

j^\ (WW3f or "Wrf) ujjhar* ignorant, illi- 
terate, downlsh. h, [spy. h. 

Vji^\ ViHiC^ ujhakndf a. to observe* to I 

J^^ ajhalf more ignorant, very ignorant, a, 
^jJ^4^^ 79*H$«f1 ujhaind, n. to flow, or be 

poured from one vessel into another. It b also used in 
a transitive sense, like ujhalnd, q. v. K 

y^\ Wn ajhUf to-day even, presently, k. 
u^^^ Viid<9 o-J^o/, of steady pace (epithet 

of an elephant). A. 

{•)^ff-\ ^Blrt aj'hun, yet, hitherto, even 

yet, this very day. A. 

'\ W^ aji, an interjection to call, or 

bespeak attention. In Bengal it is always addressed 
to an inferior, or in cases of great intimacy ; but in the 
western provinces, often to a superior as a term of 
respect h. 


a-jai or cijat/a, unsuccessful, sub- 

"dued, not victorious, m. defeat, t, 

'^A^ I irnftf^niFT Bjibiha, f. livelihood, sub- 
sistence, means or mode of living, r 

C«oL»>\ Wiftff OrfiU invincible, unsubdued, s. 
{^j>C^^\wiftfPA a-jit'hama, m. leprosy (of 

a bad kind), s. [a4jutant. 

{jJ^y ajtfan, m. a corruption of our word 
(Va>) ajyadf very best, good, excellent, a. 
j^\ ajir, m. a slave, ajir-i'tntuhtarik, a 

general or common hireling, it, 

{*)ri^^ ^ni^ a-jirna, m. indigestion, sur- 
feit, flatulence, adj. undecayed, unimpured. #.■ 

^;A»>\ T^flhf ujjain, m, the name of a, city 

and province, of old the residence of Vikramaditya or 
Bikramajit, s. 

^A&-^ ^nrt^ a;;!?!?, lifeless, deprived of life. jr. 
^A»> I ^nrifH djiTVf m. livelihood, profession, 

subsistence, s. 

o^^l wnfH^TVT ajtvikd, f. subsistence, 

means of supporting life (v. ajihikay t. 

^\ W uchclMj high, lofly> (for vncha). s. 
\^\ ^machd (for achckha), good, excellent, h, 
(iLjW\ ^rwni7 uchapatf m. taking up goods 

on credit; also, the goods so taken up; money bor- 
rowed, h. 

{JLj\^\ T^nr uckatf sorrowful, dejected, sepa- 
rate, uehap-hy to be tired^ to be disgusted, h, 

/^pW^ TVTT«T uckckatan^ m. the act of vex- 
ing, or rendering sorrovrfuL t. 

\jj\^ V^TfH vchdtnd (act. of uchatnd), 

to separate, &c. h. [paration. A. 

^l>-^ Vin^ uchdttf f. sorrow, vexation, se- 
l>-i TV1T uchchdr^ m. pronunciation, utter- 

J • 

anoe. «. 
.WT Itr^Tt dchdr or ^TWC oehdr^ m. man- 
ner of life, common practice, mle of conduct, reli- 
gious observance, achar-varjit, irregular, out of rule, 
out of caste, t. [pickles. A. 

X»^\ ^^f^Utf ^IfTR achdr, also dckdr, m* 



( 18 ) 



y^^ ^^rrftw uchchaHty pronounced, ut- 
tered. «. 

^jl^\ acharaj {^ovW^fiachai'ya)^ m. an in- 
structor in matters of religion ; a learned pan4it. t. 

{*iy^ ^ ^BTWTOT acharatiy m. manner of life, 
religions observance. «. [utterance, s, 

^K«i uckcharan, m. pronunciation, 
Ujld-^ 7m'i.«iT uchchdma, a. to pronounce, to 

utter, t, 

L^J^i *II^k1 achari, a strict observer of 

religious ceremonies. «. [ceptress. t. 

Vi^V>"l xii^i^ acharya, f, a spiritual pre- 

^bjWt wrwrtr'ft ackaryarii, f. the wife of 

an acharja or religious instructor, t. 

ftJ^Wl wr^TRi^ acharya^ m. an instructor 

(especially in matters of religion), the founder of a 
rebgious sect. 9, 

{*}^^ ^^TR vchchan, f. height, elevation, s. 
UW\ m^TSfT achdna, a. to wash the mouth 

•Iter eating; to drink, k. 

^\j>A TVnfT uchdnd, a. to lift up a burden, 

to raise, elevate, exalt, hoist up. h. 

i^J^\^\ W^n{^M achdnchak,\ suddenly, 
(JL)bl>-\ V^M4' achdnakf J unawares, 

unexpectedly. A. .. 

b^^ Vrnn uckdrvd, m. raring or talking 

incoherently, as in one's sleep ; the night mare. A. 

(3>^\ ^W^ achpal, com.^ restless, playful, 
^U^i ^W^V9T achpald, m« r inconstant, wan- 
^^^^\ ^IIMcjl achpali, f. J ton, brisk ,' ob- 

"sdnate, unruly, h, 

«iL^^L>>f 1I^M<#I^^ ackpaldhaty'\i. restless- 

,ju>-I W^M^I achpali, J ness, play- 

"lulnens, vivacity, inconstancy, h, 
0^\ tNiT uckit, proper, becoming. «. 

\ WV a-chckut, m. a name of Vishnu 

V >> 

or of God, (q. d. which breaketh not) ; incorruptible, 
immortal. 9. 

^Jjf^ ^Smn uchchta, f. height. 8, 

vlL>-f H^MMI achtdnd or achtdndrpachtdnd, 

(v. achhtdna)f to regret, to repent h. 9, 
tl^^ ^^V^VJ^ a-chaturf stupid, inactive, s, 
UuL>-\ T^TflT uchatndf n. to separate, or be 

separated (as plaster from a wall) ; to slip, slide, re- 
bound (as a sword striking obliquely a hard body), to 
be broken or interrupted (sleep). A. 


a-char, immoveable, inanimate, t, 
■1 vm4.ll or ^I^T^ acharj or 


"ocAorcA, m. wonder, admiration, astonishment a^j. 
astonishiiur. A. 

MM^i Vl^iUI dckaran, m. manner of life, 
conduct, custom, practice, institute, religious observ- 
ance, s. 

w;^! Q-sv*!! or 9^vr^ uchamd or uchchamd, 

n. to separate (as the skin from the flesh, &c.) ; to 
speak, to pronounce ; to be uttered, pronounced. A. 

cl^>^\ T'TOT uchrang, m. a moth. A. 

^6j>'\ '9^W uchakhd, m. a thief, a pick-pocket, 
a swindler; (inWestem India)swind]mg,theft. uchakkO' 
pond, m, robbery, theft A. [up. A. 

Uo^f ^^'ITRT uchkdnd, a. to lift, or raise 
i^j*^^ V^MlO achhari^ f. wantonness, lasei- 

viousness, wickedness. A. 

(^^*x>-\ inr8| a-chahshu^h\mA, f. spectacles. 9, 
{J*^ vf^ HH a-cAtMan,roagh^ unpolished. $, 
^Jk^^^ T^niffT lichahnd, n. to rise, be raised, 

or lifted ; to leap, bound, spring up. tcAoAiia, to grin, 
to shew the teetn, as a dog. A. [pick-pocket A, 

{^f^^^ '^f^^ ticliakki, f. a female thief or 
(J^^ W^ a-chal, immoveable (either from 

strength or weakness) ; an aged person ; m. a moun- 
tain, nil-ackal, the blue mountain near Balasore. «. 

^^^ ^i^T^ a-ckald, f. the earth, supposed 
to be inmioveable as the centre of the universe, s. 

0^^^ 7^*l^n«TT uchldndf a. to order a person 
to separate (one thing from another). A. 

Ui^f T^I^RT uchalnd, n. to separate or be 

separated. A. 

^fs»*\ ir4^ achamhhd, also achambdf m. 

a wonderful thing, astonishment, cause of astonish* 
ment. adj. rare, wonderfuL A. 

t Vl^iftf dchamany m. act of rincin^ 

the mouth, sipping a little water out of the hand and 
spitting it out again; a ceremony performed before 
eating. 9. [quence. s. 

\ ^vf^ a-ckin, without note or conse^ 
l^jjb^-^ ^r^but (ichambkd, or achambd, m. a 

wonder, marvel ; a4J. strange, wonderful. A. 

LlAjk>-^ ^if^Tff a-chvit, thoughtless, rash. s. 
Ux^l vf^TifT a-chinid, f. disregard, absence 

of thought 

J.^>-\ V^4^f9 Orckanchal, fixed, unmoved, 

firm, inactive. ». 

^^\ lirfe a-chandy gentle, not passionate, s, 
(j}%^ ^r^PTTfft achwdntf f. caudle (v. achk- 

" want), k. [marksman, a dead shot A. 

dl)*^ ^CHERi a-chuhy unerring; hence, a good 

^»-\ ^r^ achhy m. a die, cubic or oblongs 
the spots on dice. acA.^t, m. the eye. s. 

«^^1 ra ichhUf f. sugar-cane. s. 

l^^-^ H^l acAcAAa, good, excellent, righteous, 

healthy, aehchha Ao»a, to recover, achchha-k^ to care. 
achchha-lagyid, to become, beseem, to be pleasing: 
achclihe 9e aehchha^ best of all. 9. 

\^A ^]W ichchlidf f. will, wish, desire, ichchhd- 

bhojan, food agreeable and abundant to the utmost 
desire, a [mcnts ; a covering, doak, &c s. 

ji\^^^l Vl^lt^'tf dchchddan. m. cloth, gar- 

liJ^^^ 94I^«1I uchhalnd, a. to throw ap a 
thing (as a ball, &&) and catch it in the hand. A. 

{jjVft>-^ ViftlH ackhan, not strained, impure, h, 
(^^4^^^ WH|J^ achhdmh, m. a degree of 

latitude or longitude, s. 

*^4>*^ T3a[T? uckchhdh, na. joy, gladness, h, 
\^x^>^ WISpTPf achh'hhag, m. a degree 

of latitude. «. 

19 ) cl«.\ 


or VlEf7 achhat, or akxhaf, f. 

infallible, indelible; m. whole or unbroken rice used 
in oblations. acA$a/ /t/dt, f. the ceremony of putting 
a few grains of rice on the forehead of an image when 
addressed, or of a Brahman when invited to an enter- 
tainment. 9, 

achhat, remaining, existing, h, 

|;Ij4?*< ^rfi^inU achhi'tard, f. the pupil of 
the ejre. «. 

Vi%j^, li\X4-^\ WPfRT iTWnn achhtana 

paehhtSna, m. to repent, regret s, h, 

'\ ^rf^ achhirf m. the thrash, a complaint 

to which children are liable, k. 

'\ W^K or VH|^ achchhar or akshar, m. 

a letter of the alphabet, t. [sugar-cane. t. 

(w^4»-1 nrir ichhu-ras, m. the juice of the 
li;4^1 VlJ^tfi uchhamd, to leap or bound, to 

sprmg (a fountain), to fly up. k, 

c/-t^4?"^ ^R[6rt achkraitft, f. orthography; 

"a mode of [daying on a stringed instrument so as to 
express the words of a song. k. 

Lgj^f-^ ^n|Ct or V^O achchharl, scientific ; 

writing an elq;;ant hand ; lettered, i [up. d. 

Uj^^\ uchharndf same as ^j^^ to be rooted 
j\.».^^^ ra9R ichhu-sdr, m. molasses, raw 

sngar. s. [of victuals; leavings. $. 

<Jl4»>^jy>\ ^ftn uchchhisht, m, the remainder 

U£X^»*1 X^c^J^yg^ ichchhah or ichchuk, wish- 
ing, desirous. «. [sugarcane (Saecharum munja). s, 

5JK^^ ^Willfl tchhu-hdnd, m. a species of 

lij>j4^\ uchhal'parnd, n. to become en- 
raged, d. [ther to throw up any thing, k. 

U^k^»-^ 9441m uchhldndj a. to order ano- 
Ul^^-) TV^RT uchhalnOf n. to leap or bound, 

to spring up (as water in a fountain). A. 

^[^>t raiflft ichhu-math f* the name of a 

liver in Bengal, the Issamutty. 

ujl'A^^ n^lft ichhumehtf adj. diabetic, s, 
J^^) ^W ichchhatif m. seeing, sight, s. 
^2;^^ "Vf^SV uchchhinn, ruined, laid waste, 

destroyed, h, 

U^»-\ WKHI achhnd, also dchhnd, n. to be, 

to remain, d. 

U^^9^^^ 'Wnr uchchhwdg, m. breath, breath- 
ing; hope, expectation; division of a book. t. 

^j,\^^\ nniU'til achkrcdnl, f. caudle. A. 


\3^^^ fV9in a-chhuid, intangible (victuals 

dressed for saints. &c.), inviolable A. 

^^^1 VtSjft^H achchhodan, m. the chase, 

hunting, s. 

(J^^^^^ ^r^fiprft or ^BRaVfiprft achchkauhintf 

" f properly aks^auhint)t f. a complete army of 109,350 
foot, 65,610 horse, 21,870 chariots, and 21,870 ele- 
phants. 8. 

j^_j^j>-^ iBr^iT or ^RSm achhai, imperishable, 

-achftai brikt^t an undecayable tree, ack^i-lok, m» 
heaven, the imperishable world, s. 

I WT^fil dckhep, m. reproof, sarcasm, 

\ju^\ VT^mrr achhaitdj f. durability, im- 

perishableness. », [cellent A. 

(Jj4j»-\ W^ dchhen, adj. plur. good, ex- 
CIa^^ ^r^ a-chety out of mind or senses, 

senseless, thoughtless, s. 

Cju»-1 V^inra-cAyu^, firm, fixed, steady; im- 
perishable, eternal ; m. a name of Vishnu or God. s. 

Uu^f IP^hn a-chttd, unwished for) not 

painted (paper. Sec.) h. 

UJl.»-\ 7^($HI uchelnd, a. to separate one 

thing from another. A. 

(j'\^\ V^ a-cftatn, uneasy, uncomfortable, s. 
^\ ahy an exclamation expressing pain : it is 

often reiterated, tci^, k^ o. [M^ad, singly, a. 

C^\ dhdd (pi. of iX*-^), cardinal numbers; 

c^.t>\>-\ ahddis (pi. of l1a>(>>-), f. traditions, 

particularly traditions or sayings of Mu^mmad, as 
constituting the basis of the sunnat or traditional law ; 
lit news. a. 

t^\>'\ ihdta, f. surrounding, inclosure; be- 
sieging (generally means the thing surrounded or in- 
closed, as a park, &c.) a. 

u.A>>^ ahabb, adj. com p. more beloTcd, a 

Mend, most lovely, amiable, a 
L^L>*\ ahbdb (pi. of K^*k > '), friends, a. 

j)/^\ ihtirdZf m. abstinence, regimen ; ab- 
staining from improper actions of any kind; for- 
bearance, controlling the passions, a. 

j]^^ ihtirdk, m. strong desire, burning, a. 
jt]j^\ ihtirdmf m. act of honouring, paying 

attention, treating with respect a. 

u^LJ[>>1 ihtisdb, m. making up accounts; 

superintendence of police, censorship ; superintendence 
of weights and measures in a city or market a. 

^LmI»>\ ihtisabtf m. the superintendant. or 

** clerk of the market a. 

AJ^^:^\ ihtishdmt m. having many followers, 

&C. ; pomp, retinue, magnificence, a, 

yiS»'\ iMikdr, in its literal sense signifies the 

laying up of &nj thiuf ; and in the language of the 
law, the purchasing of grain, or other necessaries of 
life, and keeping them up. with a view of enhancing 
the price, a. 

A^kj^l ihtildm, m. nocturnal pollution, a. 


( 20 ) 



J\J[>'1 iktimdlf m. act of bearing or support- 
ing; doubt, uncertainty ; probabilitj. t^tm4/-A, to be 
^ probable. t^/ima/-Ar, to doubt, to impute, a. 

^UI>>^ ihtimalanf probably, yerj likely, a. 

^l|jk>'\ ihtimati, probable, conjectural, a. 

^\jj[>'1 iktii/aj, m. necessity, want, occasion, 
need ; plur. i^tiyajdtt requisite things, wants, a. 

l9Ul>.^ ihtiydtf caution, circumspection, fore- 
sight, scrupulousness ; i^^tiyat u or i^f tyaj^ carefully, 
cautiously, a. [mares, a. 

j\^' ahjdr (plur. of ja^ J, stones; brood 

«^>\ aAa^i, unity, one, an individual, ahadu- 
t'farejfain or a(aifa-/-mtt/a2^aftmatn, in law, denotes one 
of the two parties concerned in a suit 

L^\(3i>'^ ihddSf m. act of making or producing 

any thing new ; a novelty, a rare invention, a. 

iS'^^^ <^hadxy a species of military corps (in 

India), a. 

CL^^j^^\ahadiyatyf. unity, concord, alliance, a. 

j<j>'\ ahrar (pi. of ^), the noble, the free 

<^ bom. a. [fire. a. 

^j]^\ ihrdkf m. act of burning, or setting on 

J^J>'\ ihrdm, m. act of forbidding or inter- 

dieting'} determination or resolution. At a certain 
distance from Mecca the pilgrims interdict themselves 
from all worldly ei^joyments. &c. : here their resolution 
is fixed to complete the pilgrimage, and hence the 
word means the resolution or intention then formed. 
It also signifies a mean dress, worn by pilgrims on 
visiting >l&cca or Medina; also, the act of putting on 
such a dress ; also the period of the pilg^mf^. t^rom 
bandhn&t to make one's vows as a pilgrim, a. 

f^\j>'^ ahzdn (pi. of ^jjj^-)! grievances, sor- 
rows. 0. 

^Lm^^^ ilutany m. benevolence, benevolent ac- 
tions, beneficence, benefits, favour, courtesy, kindness. 
t^on-Ar, to oblige, a. [mandh gratitude, a. 

jj^L»^^{/^»-fiuzmf, obliged, grateful. t'A^an- 
..MM>>f ahsan, better, more beautiful, more ex- 

oellent, more agreeable, a^an-alldhu, may God be 
gracious, a^antti, bravo, weU done. a. 

\JL^\ akshd (pi. of Li^), the contents of the 
thorax or chest, a. 

JJL^\ akskdm (pi. of ^J^), servants, re- 
tinue; a kind of militia or armed police, a^hdm 
duftWt the muster-roll of militia, &c«^ a\thaim-daftar' 
dar, the militia accountant a/uAa}fi-ja,f^tr, an assign- 
ment of revenue for the support of irregular troops or 
local militia, a. 

Ua>'\ ihsd, numbering, reckoning. Id-ihsd, 
innumerable, beyond calculati<ML a, 

«jV^A>'l ihmn, restraining, circumscribing, a. 
X,a^\ ihzdr, m. act of making to appear, or 

of calling, a summons, a. [serving, a. 

^>\ ahahkf com p. more proper, more de- 

l\Sigt^\ ihkdkf m. act of proving or establish- 
ing the truth of a doctrine, restoring to rights, admi- 
nistration of justice. 0. 

Jt>\ ahhar, more or most contemptible (a self- 

hnmiUatoxy expression), a. 


f}i»^\ ahkdm (pi. of ^»x^), orders, commandsp 

decrees or decisions (of the government or of a Judge). 
a^am-ndma, written orders, a. 

^o^^ ahkdmtf one who is ordered or ap- 

** pointed by the ruling powers: such is the d^kSmi 
Mominddr a, 

J^\ ahkam, stronger, firmer, more stable, a. 

dJ^\ ahmadf com p. more or most commend- 
able, or praiseworthy ; the name of Mu^aTumad and 
others, a^duf-ma^mfi^, a term applied in law to two 
persons who have combined to definiud a third, a. 

{^Sl^\ ahmadi, of or belonging to Ahmad; 

name of a gold coin. a. 

(>b^J^f akmaddbddf name of a city in Oujriit, 
and of another in the DakkhoH s the la;tter called also 
a^mad-nagar, a. p. 

jl^\ ahmar^ red, gold, barbarous, a. 
/yt'\ ahma}^ a blockhead, most fool ish . ahmdk 

hi dum (d,), a fooL a. 

^l£^\ akmahdpan^ m. folly, stupidity. 

dj\AJ^\ ahmahdnaf foolishly, stupidly; figu- 
rativelv, it is applied to money which an 'dmil is 
obligea to pay, to make good the deficiency of the 
revenue. a,p, 

^2)i^J^^ ahmak'pan, folly, stupidity (same as 

a^majtapofi). a. A. 

^^^\ ahmaii, f. folly, stupidity, a. 

J)j>-i ahfvdlf m. condition, circumstances, 

events, occurrences, state, account ; a report of the 
particulars of an affair, or of the condition of a thing 
or person, a^wdl batldndt to state one's condition. 
ahwdl-purs or -pursdn, one who inquires after ano- 
ther's health. a^waZ-fwrtt, inquixy after health,' cir- 
cumstances, &C. a. [double, a. 

J^^ ahmalf squinting, one who sees objects 
\^\ ahyd (pi. of ^^), living things. lAya, 

m. act of giving life, saving, preserving. i^yd-l-^autwdU 
lit. reviving of the dead, applied to the process of 
bringing waste land into cultivatioo. a. 

UL>'\ ahydnan^ sometimes, now and then, 
from time ; in the event, in case, should, a. 

m^ aM» a brother; uMi inter, sound of cough- 
ing; aift-<i&ft. an exclamation of joy. a. 

\9A a khkhd f an exclamation of surprise, a. 

X^\ aMbdr (pi. of^), news, a newspapf^r. 

*a&&6ar-«iaivir, a writer of news, an appointed intelli- 
gencer, such as "our own correspondent" ith^r, 
DL act of giving intelligence or information, a. 

cla»-\ ak^aSfy cry impure or contemptible, a, 

2^\ akhpakh, m. understanding, wisdom, in- 
^telligence. p, 

\Z^\ uMtf f- St sister; adj. similar, congenial, a. 
J:2»'\ iihtitdm, m. completion, fulfilment, 

^ finishing, a. 

ji^\ aMtaVj m. a star, constellation ; good 
fortune, good omen, horoscope. aftft^or-sAamor, an 
astrologer. d^ar-»hMmdri, the calcnlntion of one's 
horoscope, p. 


( 21 ) 


«\/L^^ t^tra', m. inventioDi inventing} dis- 
•Uflu^^ t'AA/iygr, m. abridgmenty act of con- 

tHMting, rednciiig, curteilixig^i a. [tion. a. 

(jotiAS^) iM.^iiaSf m. pecaliaritj, appropria- 
Itfi^t tM^t/Oy m. act of biding, concealing, 

Is^Lp-t tAi<iS<, m. friendsbip, intercourse, 

ooaTemtkms act of mixing; mixtive, oonliisloii. a. 
<^^k^^ ikhtilaff in. difference of opinion, 

oppodtion, discord, disagreement, misunderstanding 
between frienda, coolness ; pL iWll^t. a, 

^^k^\ ii^ilal, m. interruption, obstacle, a. 
«:^l dihtaj also akhi^f (literally, castrated) 

a geULiag. s ^a wnw gh, a capon, p, ' 
jbc^^ lAktiydrf m. authority, power, will, 

efaoioe, option, election. Qi^iuar men hona, to be in 
the power of, or dependant on. tl^iyar-k, to approve <^, 
to aidopt, to choose, t J^tyor-aamo, m. a power of at- 
tomejr. a. 

^lx^\ ikhtiydrif f. approbation, choice, au- 

tboritj, power; adj. in one's power; subject to eleo> 
tion, at one's dispoaaL il^iyari ^4, in law, an op- 
tional compromise. ^kl'tydri-caA^, tlite killing of an 
animal for food by cutting its throat, as is £>ne bj 
Jews and Moslems, a. 

^\ athz. f. objection, cavil, hostility ; taking, 
idxing, intercepting. oJirfa-JIr. to seise, assume, accept, a. 

^1 dkhir. the last ; m. the end, issue; adv. at 

last, finallr. aj^-^d-amr or oiftirt kdr^ at the end, 
final] J, at last, dkhiri 9hab, the end of the night, before 
dawn, akkiri tdl, the end of the revenue year. a. 

\^\ ikhraj, m. expulsion, turning out of 

poaaeaaion, eviction; expense or disbursement; pi. 
U^rajat (corrupted aftftar;a/), expenses, disbursements ; 
allo^ranoe f6r expenses, tk^ajati aurang, expenses 
Incurred in the manufacture, storing, and transporting 
of salt and other goods, a. 

C^t akhirat^ f. futurity, a future state; the 

world to come, in opposition to dmnyS, the present 
wotld. a. 

^^P^l dihirashf at last, finally, after all. a.p, 
wij>jj^\ WWttZ aj^of, m.^wBlnut (The fruit 

of the Aleuntti triloba is also so called.) h. 

\^f^ dhh^rij last, late, of or belonging to the 

end, final or ultimate. S^diirt ^uSh j^eh, a4}nstment 
of revenue at the end of the year. StJi^l mika*, final 
sctttemenl^anaooount. a. 

^2^^ I aMtrin, last or latest comers; poste- 
rity. oJifriN ^arf, a decree of late. 2j#rt« dam, the 
last breath, a. [mean. a. 

^\ a^aUf more avaricious, meaner, or very 

»\ a^ais, more especial, more excellent a. 

\i>'\ iKhfd, concealment. *Hmi iUfdf the art 

of randering one's self invisible, like Jack the giant- 
killer, or .£neaa at Carthage, a. 

akhfash. one who has weak eyes, one 

who ifea better by night than by day. a, 

y^l aUgar, m. live ashes; a spark of fire, p. 

(jio^l»>) i^dif m. affection, friendship, love. 

tM^oi-A: or rakkndt to esteem, &c. iH^a^-mand, afiW;- 
tionate, fiieodly, a friend. ils^Uifnumdi, friendliness* 
affbction, sincerity, a. 

W^k^l aJtMdt (pi. of lal»-), the humours of 
the body of man and animals. a&2^a|i arha*a, the four 
temperaments, a, 

jil^^ a hhl akj m. (pi. of ^jl>-), disposition, 

the good properties of mankind ; ethics, morals, a. 

j^b^^l akkntpulaOy a kind of stew. d. 
^1^1 ikkfvdn, T (plur. of -;r1), brothers, 
C0>^\ ikJ^f vatf J friends, companions. 

tiAioant zaman, cotemporaries. a, 

j^l dkhor or akhuTf f. refuse, offals; a 
stable ; waste grass of the steble. p. 

{*^i d^hjon, master, lord, preceptor, d. 

i^^\ dkiun, 1 

• . T -,, , r ni- tutor, preceptor. «. 
d^y^\ a^undj » r r i 

{S^\ aj^fcif brotherly, fraternal, a. 

U>-l a^d (for i^^)f m. a little brother, a. 

jU^-l ahhydr (pi. of ^j*-), the good, the ex- 
cellent a. 

^U>'l akhydfif a brother or sister, by the 

"same mother but different ,&thers. a, 

j^\ a^r, last; m. the end, accomplishment, 

completion, akhyar, better, best. a. 

1^1 akhirafif at last, in the end. a. 

d\ ^ «cf (same as WW ut), above, over. f. 

1^^ W^ ad (same as ddft or acf A), half. «• 

cA ^n^ a^, or vrfi^ ddi, m. beginning ; the 

first originally : as a termination to a Sanskrit word 
it denotes *' et cetera." t. 

tjl add, f. blandishments, coquetry; discharge, 

payment, performance; voice, add-k, to liquidate, 
to pay. aad-handi, the fixing a period for the per- 
formance of a contract, or payment by instalments. 
ada-fahm, one who understands by signs, a. p. 

bl wn^ dddf m. ginger in the undried state. «• 
L^bl dddby m. (pi. of ^^^) etiquette, de- 

voirs, ceremonies,politeness, forms of address in writing 
and speaking, salutation, respects, a. 

C0>\c^ addty f. a particle, in grammar; a tool 

or utensiL a. 

Obt T^YW uddtta, m. the acute accent, a nigh 

sharp tone ; gift, donation, a kind of musical instru* 
ment, a large drum. «. [beloved, s. 

\3bl T^nn uddttdf liberal, generous, dearly 
I3l4>l m^nn a-ddtd, also a-ddntj avaricious, 

stingy, f. 

jU) 7![Ku£^^9 liberal, generous, munificent. «. 
\3jbt T^raiT ttddrtd, f. liberality, generosity, 

munificence, t. 

(j*ib1 W^tWi ndds, dejected, indiflerent, sor- 
rowful ; m. lonelinesa ; (in agriculture) a sickly orop« «. 


( 28 ) 

VamuI "W^Wi udasa,m. a cord worn as a shoulder 

belt. d. 

^j*»U^ ^RfTlft udasi, f. dejection, sorrow, 

•olitude, lonelioen; m. a class otfd^rt or deTotees; 
adj. lonelj, retired, dejected, s, 

^»^x»M\d\ 9^IM1«| udastfif m. one who is com- 

pletelj detached from the world, whose familv is 
unknown, and who has neither friend nor foe ; a class 
of mendicants of the Panjftb, an hermit, a misan- 
thrope, a stoical, indifferent person, an umpire. «. 

ftUL^(>\ adama^Uah, may God preserve (him 


^U\ TT^ uddn, m. one of the five vital airs, 

that which rises up the throat and passes into the 
head. 5. 

^^\d\ ^rT^T«T adarif m. taking, receipt, ac- 
ceptance, dddn-praddn m. gpiving and taking, t. 

Oo\(3t VI^^A ad-anty adj. from first to 

last, from b^inning to end ; m. the beginning and 
the end. «. 

^bf V^T^ a-{/ant, avaricioas, stingy. $, 
^\c^ adant, (pi. of ^^«3^) low, mean, or 

contemptible people, a. 
cUfeU^ TT^T^ udahaty "1 f. brown colour, 

(/^t)^ ^?T^ uda^ J brownness. «. 

(2;j^b^ Q^l^iid udahararif m. an example, a 

simile, a comparison, an opposite argument ; one of 
the fiye modes of logical reasoning. «. 

^,i3;^lj^ addyB dain m. payment of debt. a. 

L^^^ adahf m. act of preserving the boun- 
daries of everj thing; good-breeding, politeness, 
respect, urbanity, polite literature, adah-kt to respect, 
to behave politely, a. [ruin. a. 

^bi>\ idbdr^ f. misfortune, ill-luck, adversity, 

JSi^y>Ct\ Tfhl udbodh, m. recollection the re- 
cognising of any thing. «. 

^d\ adhichy among, in the midst, d. 
Cl^,^\ ^TTfT adbkutf wonderful, admirable ; 

ro. surprise, astonishment «. 
^i^\ Tnn udbhav, m. act of being born, of 

springing up (as plants from seed), birth, produc- 
tion, s. [names of Vishnu, s, 

[Jy^f^^ ^Tf^3^ ddi'purushy m. one of the 
C0>d\ ^wfi^ aditi, f. the proper name of the 

mother of the gods. s. 
CjcA adit (for ^nf^HV aditya\ m. a deity in 

feneral ; a deity of a particular class. The Sdityas are 
2 in number, and are forms of the sun as distinct in 
each mouth ; the sun. aditya-bart Sunday, adit is also 
met with in the same sense as adikt et caetera. 9, 

0(3\ ^f^ udity risen (as the sun), dis- 
tinguished, shining (as yalour, &c.). f. 

C0>Ci\ W^ a-dattay lioi given. In Hindu law 
it is applied to an illegal donation, consequently yoid 
and resumable. s. 

\ic\ tl^HT a-datta, not given in marriage 
(a female), s. 

{Jf^i^^ adatrt, hanging ; infirm, d. 
^^6jhd\ vn;rrt«1^«f aditunandarif m. a deity, 

i e. a son of aditi, t, 

yjl ^nf^ dditwa, m. priority, prece- 
dence, s. [same as adityaAar. s. 

j^^til Vir<;AMK adilya-wary m. Sunday, 
Axi J I mf^ dditi/a,m. the sun, etc* Seeac^t^. «• 
J\^(3l idkhalj m. entering, introducing, a, 
^^Ci\ ^VTffll udadhi, m. the ocean, s. 

jd] wnj^ ddar, m. respect, regard, act of 

treating with attention and deference, politenea^ 
ddar-mdn, reverence and honour, t. 

jd\ "9^ udar, m. the belly. Tf udra, ni. 

an offer, (dakh) ttdoTt that way ; adatt this way. 

\;d\ wrj[f ddrd, f. the name of the sixth 

lunar mansion (probably a Orianis) ; the begioning 
of the rainy season, t, [in another, a 

fr])'^^ ^^^'^ji i^* ^^^ o^ inserting one thing 
yCi\ xdrdr^ m. involuntary discharge of 

urine ; bard rain, liberality, a, 

g^(^) idrdrxy a pension, allowance, a. 

^\j^\ idrdk, m. understanding comprehen- 
sion, a, 

^^)J'^^ '^f[^T^ udardmai/, m. diarrhoea, dy- 

**8entery. *. [worm, s 

iJLJj) j^(^^ 7^^ udardvesht, m. the tape- 

— Ljjii^ ^^frftr^T^ udar-pisdch, glutton, 

voracious, one who devours every thing, one who has 
the devil for his belly. «. 

{^jf!^^ a-drU for W^^ a-drishj/ay 1 invi- 
^^ji3\ V^!^ a^darsan or a-darshan,j sible, 

unseen, t. 

\Mijd\ ^I^^IT adarsd, m. a kind of very fine 

muslin ; a kind of sweetmeat. A. 

(^jtfji^\ ^^^ a-darshf 1 invisible, unseen; 

ishL J 


m. unforeseen 

danger, fortune, fate, t, 

(jM,(3l ^VT^l^ m. a mirror; a commentary, 

original manuscript ; a copy, a sign. #. 

^«^(3\ ^V^^^ a-darshan, m. disappearance ; 

a4j. invisible. «. 

WfW adrak, m. ginger in an undried 

state {AmommHf-xinziber). », 

ifj^^ ^V^N^ adraht, f. a kind of sweetmeat A. 
^J^J^\ 9^fij^ udaril 


pot-bellied, fat, cor- 
pulent, s, 

[honour. », 

^j^j<i\ T^ftf udarin 

{Jj^^ "^^ udari 

^J^jCA W^iHH ddar-mdn, m. respect and 

jii«i\ 9<(Vl(l udarinif f. a pregnant woman, s, 

Sji.(^f W^ft^ a-droh, m. mildness, moderation, 
the absence of tyranny, t 


( 23 ) 


^j>.ibt ^f^^ o-^roAiy innocuoiUy mild. 8. 
{jiC\ 'WH^ udai^y f. enlargement of the ab- 

Afon^n from dropsj or flatulencj. a4]« abdominal, t. 

f*4jdf tJm, the Arabian name for the 

prophet Enoch, a 

^2^kZ»C^ ^Brfl^ a-^isht, m. misfortune, fate* s, 

\^^\ iddVdj m. the act of demanding one's 
right or jnitdaimi. a. 

«jPi>^ acThfa (pi. of IP^i)), salutations, con- 

"gratnUtknia. compliments, prayers, blessings, a. 

J^b^\ t<^2&aiu, m. duplication of a letter by 

■tashdid : coalescence of letters (in Arabic construe- 

tioQ). fl, [difficult 0. 

^\ adaiJkf more or very subtle, abstruse or 
s^c\ adaiekaf m. a cover, a wrapper, p. 
iJid\ 9^ udahy m. water. 8. 
ttbl oJtA, (for mf^ adkik), more, much. d. 
liJcT ^nftf^ «^**« relating to the beginning ; 

(in comp.) and all the rest, et caetera. ». [cause. *. 

^jicA ^nfipiTOH adikarany m. a primary 
\^C^ m^V^ adakcha, m. a cloth for 

csRjing things in ; a covering. See ada^ha. 
^^4^1 ^R^fS^T ad-khild, 1 half open, half 
^^S\ M^it^ adrkholdj blown (flower. 




udgdvy m. vomiting; sound, f. 

il^t^l "^STf tt^^a^, vomited, cast up. «. 
^.^43\ adgadrd, m. fruit fully formed, but 

nnripe. d. [stake). A. 

ll»J?«ii ^RPI^ ad-garhay half driven (as a 
CaJ?V^»>^ Tirfinr udghatity done with eflPort, 

exerted ; opened. «. 

^J\^^\ "VlWf udghdtanf m. the rope and 

backet of a well, a leathern backet for drawing wa- 
ter ; an instroment for opening, a key, etc *. 

JjJ Ja\ ^W{9^^ adl-badlj 1 exchange, 
^*XJ^i>^ ^ <<j^H<t<jl adldh-adld, \ alteration. 
lI^lI^^ ^<<^^<#1 adU-hadU,] adt-badU-k, 

"to exchange, to swod or barter; to confuse, displace ; 
also adl&^badR-k and adl ka hadl-k. h, 

*5 j1 adilla, (pi. of JjJ*3) proofs, indications, a. 
^T ddamy Adam, the first man ; also, a 

man in the abstract, a. 

jMi\ "Vfipf iMWtw, m. .endeavour, exertion, 

profession, trade, calling, employment, s. 

^^\ "^^Hl^ udmdd, m. lewdness, wanton- 
ness, s. 
4^.>U>^ -^^^ udmddi f. a paroxysm of lust; 

adj. wanton, lewd. s. 

jj^\ 'W^SWC udumbary m. the glomerous fig- 

trcc, or*gular-tree (ficw ^towero/a). *. sectofbrah- 
mana. s. 

half dead. A. 

.•^j^l ddani'&hurf or .Ij^ A^Tmr, man- 
devouring, a cannibaL a, j9. 
U^ti^ ^H^^Cn ac?-mar5, m. \ 
^j^jAd\ H^Tft ad-mariy f. J 
V^(3\ "V^VHT adamrdy breathless, dead, d, 
^\\^\ adavv-zad or ddam^zdday descended 

of Adam ; s. man, mankind, p. 

S/^i ddam-gavy humane, benevolent, p, 

jCj^^i^l ddam-gariy f. humanity, benevo- 
lence, p. 
\ycd\ ^^ITVT ad-muydy m. half-dead. A. 

^J^ ddmly a descendant of Adam ; a 

** human being (man or woman), individual, people, a. 
clAjL*tiT ddmtyaty f. humanity, civility ; 

admiyat-K to bebave with humanity, admiyat pa- 
karna, to become civilized, admiyat tikhldnd or ad- 
tntyat me* lan&t to civilize, admiyat ufh-jdna, to be- 
come savage, ferocious, and frantic, a. 

^\ irf^ a-diriy m. an unlucky day. «. 
\3i>^ <7(fna, inferior, little, low, mean, a person 

of no consequence, a. 

jl>d\ adantavy also adantari (same as adatri)y 

pendulous, &c. d, 

i^C^ ^vr^ a-dand or H^ a-drvandy quiet, 

tranquil, free from strife. #. 
j3i^^ V^ adand, unpunished, m. impunity. «. 

/^«i^ arfna, see adndy little, &c. a. 

jtiT IBTT^ a(iat«, at first, in the beginning. *. 

C^\^S\ adarvdt (pi. of Ob\), particles in 
grammar, a. [act of revolving, a. 

jUi3\ flrfiwar (pi. ofjji>), revolutions; idwdr, 
^jVjii^ inpn^ adwdUy "i f. braces for 
^.\j«i^ V<4li(«1 adwdyariy) tightening the 

tape of a bedstead. A. 

4b^j(3\ ^T^^TFI^ udvdJia, m. marriage. ^. 
C^^d\ 1»^ a<:?o<, without splendour, s. 
9^^^\ ^fgd^H a-dwittya, peerless, matchless, 

unequalled ; only, without a second. » 

{jj^^^ ^ifhct adauriy f. a kind of food eaten 

"by Hindus. A. [lium. s. 

J4^(>^ 7^619 udukhaly m. a gum resin, bdel- 
^jj\ ^fiFf udvignay perplexed, dejected, 

anxious, troubled, s, 

^•ii\ adwan, very mean, or wretched, a. 
t>i .i3^ ^§^ a-dwand, quiet, tranquil, free from 

strife. «. [equalled. #. 

CiO«4>^ ^^ a-dwaity peerless, matchless, un- 
^jt4jti\ IBT^ a-dweshy \ harmless, not ma- 
ij<>\ wiN^ a'dweshtyj licious. «. 


( 24 ) 


cl^^*3^ ^itT ttdfrc^, m. perturbation (espe- 

ciafiy from pain), consternation, anxiety, perplezitj. 
exertion, care; the fruit of the Areca catechu, betel- 
nut, g. 

^jWjj< ^^iO vdvegi, perplexed, anxious, 

"perturbed, agitated. 

ft^.j4>< adwiffa (pi. of |^«>), medicines, a. 

^C>\ ^Nadhiy a particle denoting superiority ; 
upon, over, above (the reverse of the particle apa). t, 

t^Q} W9 adkay down, downwards (the re- 
verse of the partide ut). s. 

^(^\ W9 adhy in composition denotes half; as, 

adh-mUfat half dead. ». 

^d) irrftl ddhi, m. mental agonj, anxiety ; 

expectation, caUmitj ; a pledge, pawn ; location, flx- 
iD£, site, &c ; engagement. «. 

\^(^\ 'Wtfddha,ha\f([ncomp.adh,adk,ad),8. 

jUtiT ^enVR adhar,'] m. food, aliment, vie- 
j\^i^\ mix adhary J tuals, nourishment, k. 
j^i\ ^ITT or TMK uddhar or udhdr, m. debt 

(especially not bearing interest), loan, trust; deduc- 
tion, dischaxge, deliverance, raising up from any place 
or state. «. 

jU«> I vrrVR adhary m. a patron, supporter, one 

on whom dependence is placed for assistance; com- 
prehension, location; a dike, a canal ; a basin round 
the foot of a tree, s, 

diXcj\s^S\ W^rrfSv adhdrmik, 1 unjust, un- 
iMCj\^d] VTVrf^ adhdrmik,) righteous, 

^^ked. «. [rate, to dischaige. s. 

^J^d\ ^VTtHTor 9#K«|I udhdma, a. to libe- 
j^^iM Wm&ddkdri (in compos.), an eater; 

as, dudh-adhdrit one who lives on milk, h, 

^ M.JU*»Ut>l HVnMt adhd'Sist, T f. pain af- 
^j ^ .. fc *<*Ut>l Vlllllii^ ddhd'sUi, J fecting the 

"half of the head, hemicrania, t. 

^\ibi>^ ^ranV adhdn, m. oils, unguents, h. 

^Uiil vniTfT ddhdUj m. pregnancy, concep- 
tion ; a ceremony performed previous to conception 
as conducive to it ; a pledge, a deposit, a surety. 9, 

til^U«3jJ VTVfftni ddhdnikf m. a ceremony 
performed after cohabitation to procure or favour 
conception, m, [duce in equal shares, t, 

^^\JL^J^ Kk>mZ\^adh'batd,ty f. division of pro- 
^til ^BfMW^ adh'bar, in the middle. A. 
yjLjbd] ddfi'bagrd, half cleaned (as rice from 

the husks), d. [pared, k, 

U->*>^ ^niW«n adh-bandf half-made, half-pre- 
^J>i>\ ^IWfrf adh'btchj in the middle, h, 
t-^^«>^ ^rftn adhipa, m. king, master, or 

Tiller «. 

jb^J^ 'W^HTR adh'pdfO, half a quarter, h. 
C^^^d\ ^[^^Wadhpaty properly Iff^f^Xadhi- 

pati, m. prince, commander, r2ij&. «• 

jLJu^til «li\lMH ac^^t^^ya,m.soYereignty,go- 
vernment; lordship, s. 

^0^S\ inrDir adh-^akkd, half ripe. #. 

ClAibi^l T^fiT uddhat, rude, arrogant, ill-be- 
haved ; m. a king's wrestler. «. 

i//^f^^ adhairx (v. adatrx)^ pendulous, &c. 

J^i^ IWC adkavy low, inferior, vile, m. the lip, 
the lower lip ; pudendum muliebro. «. 

J^(i\ irat adhavy m. empty space, the space 

between heaven and earth ; adj suspended, separate, 
at a distance ; in the middle, h, 

J^C^ ^V^ idhary here, hither, this way. idhar 
udhar, about, around, up and down, here and there. A. 

j^C^TVCudhar, there, thither, that way. h. 

]^t^\ ^vn udhrd, opened, undone, unrolled 

(as the seam in a garment, or thread which was rolled 
up in a due). A. 

fr\f^^^ ^rfvrni adhi-rdj, supreme ruler, s, 

9^ji^\ ^nrcniT ddhirdj^a, m. empire, su- 
preme sway. s. 

^i^\jid\ ^yCT^ idhar-udhar, this way and 

that, on all sides, all around, h, 

CJjfc\^d\ '^mUHir adhardmrit, m. the mois- 
ture or nectar of the lips. «. 

ll>jibt>1 adharpandjXn. (for adker-pand) middle 

age, manhood, d, [asort of doth. A. 

Utf^(3\ W9IK:^adharsd,m, a half-piece of cloth, 

A^(^1 W^ adhann, m. injustice, impiety; 
sin, crime; a^. unjust, impious, adharm-ehari, un- 
righteous, wicked, t. [crime. A. 

tO|^4>^ WM^fTT adharm-pandj m. injustice, 
l^^«^43^ m^fTT aJAarina^a,f.unrighteou8ness.^ 
,^JL^d\w^fflMadharmithtk, very wicked. W\ 
j^^J^ V^iff Ordhmfnty unjust, sinful, cri- 

"minal. «. 

Jt^^\^^J^^\ adhare-adkary separate, aside, d. 

\3vJbi>f udharnd (see udheptd), to undo, un- 
ravel, d. 

f^^d\ wfWv adhiky more, greater, abundant, 

excessive, additional, augmented, adhak, a half, a part 
(less in use than adha or ddh)^ # . 

(^I^(>^ TITV uddkaky m. asthma; act of gasp- 
ing or panting ; plethora in the vessels of the head ; 
headache, indigestion, s. 

Jijt>S\ WpM^li adhikdr, m. possession, extent 

of dominion, a kingdom ; the bearing of royal insigniai 
authority, rule, privilege, inheritance. #. 

{jj6^d\^sf^9WT6adhikdriyXD,2L proprietor,80ve- 

reig^ ruler, autocrat, an ovner, one possessing autho- 
rity (absolute or derived), right, title, or privilege; 
one empowered. «. [increase. <• 

\31>ibfc>\ Wp^^ilHI adhikdndy a. to augment, to 

^Wii^ vTw^l^ adhikdyty f. increase, aug- 
mentation, abundance, supremacy. $, 

^Lxfc J< VM^MIcjf) adh-kapdUy f. a pain af- 
. '* fecting half the head; a nut of Areca, shaped like a 
hemisphere (probably from two kernels being con- 
tained in one shell) : to such a nut the virtue is as- 
cribed of curing the disease of the same name. s. 

(^j1 ( 25 

VS^dl ^rf^niVT adhikia, f. excess^ addition, s. 
U^O^ HM^m adh'hachchay m. adh-^kachchi, 

*£ half ripe; a kind of Boil in SahSnmpfir. h, 

Us^^i>\ ^ ^ ^^U adhrhachra, m. adhrka4:hriy 

i half dicned (vlistiiali). h, 
ji^^\ WHil^ adh'kar, m. half the tax, or duty 

of aoj kind, the other half being remitted, adh-kari, 
C an inatalment of eight &nas in the rupee, f . 

;^jij^^\Mlf^ffffadkikritym. a superintend ant, 

inapector of receipts and disborsements, on auditor 
public aoo 



of public aooonnts. s, 

a;mJ) ^rfV^ adhikarmay m. superinten- 

^ deuce, superria^xi, gOTemment adhikarma-kritt m. 
anperrisor. «. [title, right t. 

^2l^>) vfimor adhikaran, ro. superiority, 
^£^^] WPtP^ adh-hart, f. an instalment of 

eight inia in the rupee, or half the government im- 
post. K [pronounced, h. 

\^^\ W«^ adh'kaha, half spoken, half 

9j^dl wrftlVI adhihya, m. excess, an over- 
plus, abundance, t, 
]|ji^i3^ adhgadrOf half ripe (fruit, &c.). d. 
j^c\ adkam, a dark or dusky horse, a. 
j^^\ WUH adkam, mean. Tile, wretched, con- 

> temptible. «. 

^i>C^i>^ ^nmw adhamadham, extremely 

mean or base, t, 
ijj^^\ ^wftlifWr adhimds, m. an intercalary 

month, -which happens once in three years, when two 
innatioos occur within one solar month. <.— Hind. 
i«J\^i>l ^rfN^ adhiman$f m. fleshy ex- 
crescence of the eye, cancer of the eye. <• 

lf^S\ WWinj adk-mara, 1 

^M^o) «WH adh-maran, > half dead. s. 

I^i3\ Vl^ adh-mufi, J 

^^\ ^1^^ adhofiy m. water set to hoil for 

the Jiessi ng of victuals. A. 

^^S\ mR a-dkan, poor, destitute, s. 
\£ij^ci\ mgr«K adhtmik, recent, modem, 

bdoogiDg to the present time. «. 

\j^S\ mgrn^ai adhuniktaj f. recentness, 

the V""g modem novelty. #• 

ifj^i3l win adhang, m. palsy afiecting half 

the hodj, hemipUgia. f. 

fJ^S\ irW adkangiy palsied, paralytic. 5. 

^ j) "W^ a-dhanxy poor, indigent «. 

j^y^«S< W^TO adhrwary half (generally ap- 
plied to pieces of cloth); a half-web. A, 

y^^\ WtWt adhotar, f. a fine kind of 

clotli. A. 

J;^*i1 IB^ adhuroy half ready, unfinished, 

half dressed; immature (a foetus). adhwr&-jand, to 
miscarry (a female). A. 

« T 

g^^(^) VVt^ adhaufi, f. half a hide (o^ 

thick strong kind). A. 

^^xsj^t^l IRVt'V^ adho-muhhy with the head 

downwards (a posture used in the tapatya or austere 
devotion of the Hindiis) ; drooping the head (from 
grief or shame), headlong, inverted, turned upside 
down. 9, 

^yi^i^l irn«f adhfvan, half of any thing, h, 
\j^c!\ lirV|(V(^| adhivinndy f. a superseded 

wife. 8. 

dlSybi^l adhonady half and half, nivfa-nirfi. d* 
ulUljw^ybt^l vni^<r«i« adhivedaniky m. 

dowry or alimony given to a wife who is superseded 
by a second marriage. #. 

^Ji>d] wit addhxy f. half of a domri (a 


small coin) ; half a piece of doth. A. ^ ^ 

LjbfM ^irpm adhya, division of produce be- 
tween two parties in equal shares, one furnishing the 
seed and the other the labour. A. 

(.^\jJbj) vmrmv or VTUim adkyapak or 

Sdhyapak, m. a teacher, one who instructs in the 
sacred books, t, 

^Ia^(>I umiMfl adhyapan, m. instructing, 

teaching the sacred books. # . 

JbJ^l^l ^rfrrnt adhiyary m. a man who passes 

half his time in one village and half in another : of 
such a one it is said, adhiy&r karta hai, "he acts as 
adliiyar." A. 

(jTiUlb jl vTm^iO adhiyari, f. a half-share. A. 
UUlbi^l ^RVinn or ll5l4MI adkydna or adhi- 

ffdna, a. to halve, to divide. A, 

;cUlb(3l irani adkydya, m. section, chapter, s. 
^^^i>l adhyachhy for WUTlf adkyakshy m. a 

* master, superintendant, &c ; a man of rank. «• 
jJtd\ Vtft^ a-dhiVy confused, perplexed 

* hasty, precipitate, irresolute, impatient, unsteady, 

K>j^i\ infk?rT Ordhxraidy f. impatience, per- 
plexity, haste, predpitatioo, fickleness, unsteadiness, 
confusion. «. 

^ jObi^l w4hC9 d'dhxrajy m. perplexity, dis- 
traction, unsteadiness ; adi. perplexed, distracted, un- 
steady, impatient, feeble, irresolute; also Ordhmrj, t, 

W^i^l W^Atm a-dhhjdy 1 perplexed, dis- 
^^J^^^ Wftljift a-dhxtyiyj tracted. 11^4? 

"a-dhairja, m. instability, want of firmness. «. 

UjJbi^l ^9^Tf|T udhemdy to undo. See udhernd, 
jjjbi^l V^ adhefy middle-aged ; just past the 

prime of life (applied most frequently to women). A. 

j^Ci\ TS^ udhefy m. unravelling, unweav- 
ing. udher-lnMj perplexity. A. 

UjJ^t^l ^HikV^nn adker-pand, m. the middle 

period of life, manhood, mature age. A. 



undo, un- 

UjAfc«3l ^^TifT. udhepia, ") to 
^^J^i^t ^^5^1, udfiernaun,} ravel. A. 
j ^ JL x i h di nWlmi. adhishwavj m. an emperor, 

a king paramount, t. 

(jM^jl mv^ adhyahsh m. a master, lord, 

governor, superintendant. 9, 

^«;JJJfti>) flU|p«f adhyagniy property or settle- 
ment griven to a wife when superseded by a new 
marriage on the part of the husband : it is given 
during the marriage ceremony, over the nuptial fire, t, 

^lui^t^l vi)9T adhela, m. half a paua (a small 

coin), amounting to 12^ ddnu or 4 damrU, h, 

^Jjk^i^l ^ri)^ adheVi, f. half a rttpi ; also 

a kind of measure used for com ; also half a gold 
mohur. h. [half-share, h, 

ULkibt^l nQP^MI adheliya, a proprietor of a 
^^^i^) of <o^<^' vtfhf or ^rpfhrf adhin or 

adhtn, submissive, obedient, obsequious, humble, do- 
dle, dependent, s, 

{*}^^\ ^WR adhyan (for adhyayan) m. study, 

application, especially of the sacred books, s, 

Uuu^iil WfhrifT or wnA^niT adhlnatdf^f. sub- 

^IjjuJbt^l ^vNhnn^ adhinatdfif J mis- 
sion, obedience, obsequiousness, servility, dependence, 
slavery, t, 

^yjJbiil ^rWhrft adhtm, f. obsequiousness, ser- 

"vility, submission; petition, t, 

csd\ ^^ uday or udaya, m, dawn, sunrise, 

ascent ; the east, in opposition to otto, the west, the 
eastern mountain from behind which the sun is supposed 
to rise; light, splendour ; prosperity, uday-h, to rise 
(as the sun), uday-asta tak iumhdra raj ho, may your 
sway extend from the east to the west. «. 

i^Ci\ wnr ddya, first initial, s, ^pHy^ 

bi^l ^l^tn a-daydy unfeeling, destitute of 
clM»\jt>l *7^in^ tidaydsta, from sun-rise to' 

sun-set, from east to west. «. 

^bi^l adyduy (pi. of ^jl^)} religions, religious 

rites or ceremonies, a. 

^J^J^ ^€IH udydn, m. a royal pleasure- 
ground, t. 

wJ*i>l adib, m. a teacher; adj. courteous, a, 
cll*-0(3l ^9^hfr uddipta, illuminated. «. 

^^.*il a^MH uddipan, adj. exciting, inflam- 
ing, as passion ; m. biasing, glowing, of a luminous 
txMy. «. 

cLO(^^ "Tinf tidy at, m. a section, a chapter ; 

adj. raised, held up ; active, persevering, labouring di- 
ligently and incessantly, t, [trace, s, 

(j^d\ ^^ uddesh, m. a scope, a vestige, a 
^jibiil W^ ddesh, m. an order, a command ; 

a salutation of Jogls ; in grammar, a substitute, s. 

ulbt^l cultk, (same as adih or adhik),moTe. d. 

^d\'WWimudyam, m. strenuous exertion, per- 
severance, labour; calling, trade. 


26 U^l 

^.(31 adim, goats* leather perfumed, which 

they bring from Arabia. Pers. the face. a. 

O V\ «^t Vnnif ddyanty first and lasf, begin- 
ning and end ; a^j. from first to last, from beginning 
to end. s, 

«i>«il ddina, Friday, p, 

O^c^l mjtff a-dyot, without splendour. 

udyot, m. light, lustre. 

(^i3j^^(>l a^-nWtf,m. procrastination, ode- 

wade-k, to put off, to evade, to shuffle, d, 

kl/^(^> Tl^T tidyog, m. exertion, perseve- 
rance, continued endeavour. «. [severing, t. 

^jy>,^\ ^iftjft udyogi, active, laborious, per- 
^,^1 ^^ift udayiy prosperous, flourishing, s. 


16 1 ^vrnn dddd, m. a stand or station where 

porters &c. wait to be hired ; a stall, booth, shop. &c. 
d4<fd-dar, a palki bearer or dak runner, v, Wilson. A. 

/\J] ^ntV«^ adar-udar, m. a ditch and 

the mound of earth thrown up from it, forming the 
boundary of a field, h, 

j^6 1 VTfiR ddambar, m. charge sounded 

by musical instruments; commencement; pride, ar^ 
rogance ; anger, passion ; happiness, pleasure, s. 

^ji^i ^T^ udupy m. a raA, a float, t. 
Jj3i ^inft^ a^dol, immoveable, unshaken. A. 

t 2*'— 

(.^I^JI ^nZV ddhaky m. a measure of capa- 
city (for dry measure), about 750 of our cubic inches, k. 

S\ iz or Iiil izd, when, lo, behold, azd, vexa- 
tion, injury, o. 

jbl azdr or azdr, name of one of the Chal- 
dean months, nearly corresponding to our BCarch; 
agart, vernal, a. 

^J\(^]azdn, f.the summons to prayer8,generally 

proclaimed from the minars or towers of a mosque, a. 

c^^l uzbak (fem. uzbakni), an Uzbek, or 

one of the Tartar tribe so called, p, 

jd\ dzuTy m. fire ; the name of Abraham^s 
father (Terah) ; the ninth solar month, p, 

^^^1 dzartn m. camomile flower, ox-eye. p, 

^\p3) iz'dny m. obedience, submission ; con- 
fidence, belief, a. 

eSi] azuka, or dzukoj m. food, nourishment. j9. 

joil azkdr, (pi. of jfd) praises of God. 
ts^ar, remembering, praising (God), a. 

Ufil azhiydy (pi. of ^^) people of pene- 
tration and understanding ;**the acute, the ingenious, a. 
J^l azally base, most vile, abject, a. 

^d\ iz7i or azn, m. permission ; dismission. 

ag^n, chanting the hur,an ; hearing, a. 

ffSjin azuha or dzuka, m. food. p. 

^libil azjidn (pi. of ^^^i), geniuses, intel- 
lects, Ciipaclties. a. 


( 27 ) 


^31 asnyai^ f. wanton injury, oppression, 

^dxBtreas, vexation, a. 
j\ ar, (r. of drvardan) bring thou ; used in 

oorap. ; as, har-ar, frult-brhiging, fertile, p. 

j\ VlXar, f. a goad, a kind of ladle; the ar- 
tificial spar of a game cock. A, 

jl ar^ if; (contraction for j?l agar), p, 

jl ^IT ur, m, the breast ur-L to embrace, to 

earaa. ^^ arte, 1 the nppev part of tbe thigh; 

ady. btfge, great, ample. ^^ ari, a foe. «. 

«i^l^artf,(samea8j^l), and, more, again, h. 
naroy m. a saw; ashoemaker^sknife or 

^w1 : the name of a diitrict, Arrah in Shihabad. A. 
ij\ ard^ or ardye, in composition, denotes 
adorning; aa, /oAttii-ar a, 'world-adoming. p. 

9j\j] ardba, m. a wheeled carriage, gun-car- 
riage. Sec, a cart. p. 

CJtj\ wnxfH drdti, m. an enemy, s, 

wV^ ^iItCT arratd, m. a loud and prolonged 

aoond (aa from the discharge of artillery, or the fall 
of a building). A. 

^^W^l drd-jdrif f. (for dnd'jdnd)^ coming 
and going, d. [(a country). #. 

Cil^];\ wrnn a-rdjakj destitute of a king, 

C^i>1^\ traJa^,1 ra.desire,inclination,wi8h,pur- 

IC^ irdda, J pose, de8ign,p]an,intention.a. 

^^i>^\ wrrnnr drddhan^ m. worship, ado- 
ration, supplication ; accomplishment, gratifying, t, 

\jJ^6\j\ WdV^m (or IRWtTT) drddhnd, a. to 

wonhip, to adore, to lerre, to aooomplish ; f. service, 
worship, adoration, t. 

«Jk^(>\^l VUIVI drddht/a, worshipful, vene- 
rable ; name of a class of brahmans. s, [base, a, 

JiV^ ar5rf7(pl.of Jij^),lowe6t, meanest, most 
]X^ wrrn ardrd, m. marks of nails left after 

scratching. A. [going, d, 

(S))%)j^ drdzdrif f. thoroughfare, coming and 
iV\j\ ardzil, lowest. See ardzU, a. 
spMiAj\ drdstagij f. dressing, preparation, 

"getting into order, regularity, ornament, p. 
^JL^^t drdstan (r. drd or drdif), to adorn, p, 

iuLri»^l drdsla, prepared, dressed, adorned, 

embellished, regular, decked out. p. [tions of land. a. 

t^\)\ ardzt, (pl*of^j0j^) lands, detached por- 

lSJ\^ irdkatf f. spilling, pouring forth, piss- 
iujl^ «. [grove, s. 

A I vnjf drdmf m. a pleasure- garden, a 
J, I drdntf m. ease, rest, health, reliefs re- 

»l^^1 drdm-gdhj also dravi-gdhy f. a resting- 

poae. aram-kt to rest, to repose, drdm-pana^ to reco- 
ver, aramriolah^ idle, slothral, a lover of ease, aram- 
gir^toM, to become quiet, to take it easy, p. 

place, a bedchamber, firdmu-aramgah^ resting m pai 
dise, an epithet applied to Mufyavimad SlMhotl>e\m, p. 

J.*]^^ ardmil, (pi. of al^^), widows ; dis- 
tressed, poor, in want of victuals (females), a. 

f^]j\ arami, a lover of ease, idle, slothful, p, 
SJo/c^^t drdmtdaf (also dramida), at ease, 

tranquiL p. 

\y\j\ vtl«n arrdnd, n. to produce a continued 

sound, as a mill (imitated from the sound). A. 

qjnJ)M drdyhk, f. embellishment, ornament, 

equipage, preparation, dressing; in dakh. artificial 
flowers, trees. &c., made of talk and tinsel, d. 

^J^ ^V^ arhf one hundred millions, arlh- 

kluarht innumerable, s, 

(^bji arhab (pi. of L^), possessors, lords, 

masters, arbdbijah, possessed of dignity, arbabi' 
8ttkban» eloquent persons, poets, arbdbi-nishat^ dancers 
and musicians, arbdbi'himfmtt, men of high spirit. 
arbdbi'mdl, oflicers of the treasury, arbdbi dtar\ law- 
ofllcers. twbdbi ma*nl, spiritual persons. A. 

l1}\Jj\ W^TW arbdk, low, vile; adv. at first, 

formerly, s, 

«3^^ W^ arhud, one hundred millions, s. 
\^j\ Tl^RT urbardj f. fertile land or soil, s, 
^)jI)^ W<f <I H\ arbardndf n. to hurry, to be 

confused, perplexed, agitated. A. 

1^^ ^^Wt urhasiy name of an apsard, or 

"female dancer in the court of Indra ; an ornament 
worn on the breast. », 

%>J arhdy four, (also arha*a). a. 
{•^y^j^ arhaun and ^>^i»i)\ arba,in, forty, a. 
(J^t ^tA^ drhal, f. age, duration of life, s* 
43j^I ^nfW^ arhindy m. the lotus (nymphiBa 

nelumbo). $, 

ii^l^f Wt^arbkakf m. a 8on,achiId,a pupil, s, 
fj^^ ^artUT arpan, ro. an offering, the making 

an offering ; delivering, entrusting, arpan-kt to pre- 
sent an ofiTering. to deliver, entrust, arpan- noma, m. a 
deed of gift, especiaUy to a temple or idol. «. [«, 

UJjI nmtll arapnd, a. to present an offering. 
Cj^j\ araty (tjorruption for arihy q. v.). d. 

C-^t WTCff or wi drat and aria, grieved, 

afflicted, disturbed, confounded, drti, t pain, di»- 
tress. s, 

^j\ WRjIT drtd, m. a ceremony attending 

marriage. When the bridegroom first comes to the 
house of the bride he is received bv her relations, who 
present to him, and move circularly round his head, a 
platter, painted and divided into several compart- 
ments : in the middle of it is a lamp made of flour, fill- 
ed with ghl, and having several wicks lighted. A, 

^U3^l irtibdty m. friendship, connection, a. 
Jl^l iriihaly m. death; act of marching or 

travelling, a. 

^^\ irtidadyin* apostasji recantation; refus- 
ing* opposing. 0. [a diBtingnishing mark. a. 
^LJ^I irtuam, m. plan, painting, writing; 

Lijjt irtishdf accepting a bribe, (a jadge) ; 

bribery, corruption, a. 

;j**\jO^I irtVaSy T m. tremor, trembling, tre- 
;^U5^I tr^t^ojA, J pidation. a. 

clfi^l irtifUf m. elevation, exaltation, ascent, 
heigh tp grandeur prosperitj. a. 

<^DJ^I irtikdbf m. perpetration or commis- 
sion (of a crime) ; oommenoement or undertaking of 
an enterprise, a. 

^^1 V%^ artald, m. a patron, protector. A* 
3il "Vnr urtu, m. crimpling, plaits (as of 

28 ) 



clothes). urtS-gar, a crimpler or plaiter. k, 


ing, signification, sensct acceptation; intention, de- 
tAgD ; request, begging ; riches ; cause, sake. t<^)asyarth, 
for devotion's sake, for devotional purposes, s. 

Cj\^j\ W^Tif arthatj videlicet, namely. «« 
^^l^t irtihdn, m. act of receiving any article 

as a pledge ; a hostage, a. [ing. t, 

j*^^j^ V^Pift. arthantavy m. another mean- 

^ Jm«» 0^^ V^r^lQl artha-siddhiy f. success. ». 

^IwaUi ^1 V%(n^ artha-shdstra, m. the 

science which teaches how to obtain things, as friends, 
money, or any other object. «. 

^^fi^^ W^ arthiy supplicating, desirous, hav- 
ing an object to accomplish, self-interested, designing ; 
m. a petitioner. «. 

^5^^) ^V^ ariht, f. a bier, h, 

u^l V^lhlT arthiyd, m. a prot6g£, client, 
person recommended; a client, agent, broker. A. 

f^J^ WTift drti, f. a ceremony performed 

in adoration of the gods, by moving circularly round 
the head of the imafe a platter containing a burning 
lamp with several wicks, s. 

i^0>j\ irs, heritage, inheritance, a. 
^j\ atj, worth, respect, honour, p, 

^jt WXSif or^n'sl ciraj, ar;, respectable, reve- 
rential, honourable, t. [tuting. a. 
f^j ^Ki^f changing, returning, or substi- 

J.^^ arjalf a horse with one white fore 

foot ; a larg^ or tall man. a. [py, blessed, p. 

()JL»»^\ arj-mandf beloved, dear, noble ; hap- 

{^j^ v4«T arjan, m. act of gathering toge- 
ther ; acquisition. «. 

L^j^ ^ff^«f arjurij m. the name of a hero in 

the Mdhahharat, the third son of Pandu ; the name of 
a tree {TtrmtMUa alata glabra), i. 

Ud^t V^ffT arfand, to gain, gather, to ac- 
quire, s. 

^^^j^ ViWll arajIiTui, n. to be ravelled or 

ent^igled ^as thread or hair ; met. the heart) ; to be 
bound (as m fetters) ; a. to quarrel without a cause, 
or unreasonably, h, 

mfj\ ir^f% aruchif f. sickness at stomach; 

nausea; aversion, dislike, want of appetite, disgust 
Vr4 arckit m. flame, light, splendour, s. 

U-^l v4t arckd, 1 f. devotion, adoration ; 
U-jT wAl drchd,) an image. «. 
Z*^Ji vf^ archity worshipped, adored* #. 
archakf adj. worshipping ; m. a 

worshipper, an adorer. «. 

U>j) v4^ arckandy a. to worship, to adore, 

to honour, to treat with ceremony; t, worship, 
homage. <. 

aWjI arkdm (pi. of j^j)f wombs, matrices ; 
relations by the mother^ side, uterine kindred, a. 

j^>j\ arhanif more or very merciful, arham- 

^ -ttr-ro^tmtn, the most merciful of the merdtul, an at- 
tribute of God. a. 

^IIp {jf^J iriJ^ye Hndtiy m. act of loosening 

the reins ; unruliness. a. 

^^ 7^ urdy 1 m. a kind of vetch (jMichos 

4^^) f^ urdhyj pilosus). h. 

dj\ drdy m. flour, meal, ardy anger, rage, p, 

^^ia> 1(3)1 V^I^^H^ urddbegnty f. an armed fe- 
male for attending the ladies of a royal harem. A. 

(^^)4>j) ^V^T9 ardds, f. representation, offer- 
ing to a deity, h, [meal, h, 

ljt(>^l H^T^ arddwdy m. coarsely-ground 
iJUJL^dJi urdibihishty name of one of the 

Persian months, ApriL p, 

ji^ji 9^ urdruy m. an otter, s, 

jC>j\ wr§ drdray wet, moist, damp. «. 

\j^J{ ^rrfr drdrdy f. name of the sixth lunar 

mansion ; same as Sdra, s. 

(^j(3)T ^n^;V drdraky m. ginger in the un- 

dried state. », 

^,|iM»i>)l ardshtTy name of several of the Persian 

kings; Artazerzes. p. 

^\ urdiiy m. an army, a camp; a market. 


and urdu^ 

anguage). This tennis 

very commonlv applied to the Hindustani langtiage as 

spoken by the Musalman population of India proper. /. 

0^^j\ vir arddhay the half of any thing, i. 
Jb(3^) 7t!V urdhy m. (the same as urd)y a kind 

of vetch. K 

KLf\^^^^ violin ardha-bhdgy m. a half. 
j4U»-Jb(3jlwlr^^ar(fAa-cAan(fra,m.a crescent, 

a half-moon, a semi-circle. «• 


( 29 ) 


(2J&IM)1 ^i^i^ ordhang^ m. half the bodj, 

pdsy alfecting one side, or half the body, upper or 
lower, hewupUgUu s. 

^Jii\^^\ V^lffl ardhangi, a person afflicted 

*with the above diiease ; £ a wife. #. 

j^^'^j^ ^B^^ arddka'Ckandra, m. a crescent, 

a half moon. «. 

j>|^«^i>^) V^Ntv ardha-ratrOf f. midnight. «. 
iIj!aJ^i>^I "vVt urdhang (also urdkag), m. a 

db caac oocasicmed by the mountiDg of wind upwards ; 
iatoloicy. «. 

(^i)j) tir^y f. the first month in autumn, p. 
JIj,la»^/(pl.of J3,), little, mean (people); 

the vulgar (properly the refute of any thing), a. 

Jj|) arzal, most mean, yile, ignoble, a. 

^jj oraranciy n. to scream out. d, 

j^ arz^ m. price, value ; quantity ; esteem, 

veneration ; honour. <irx-t-6azar, ]^rice current, mar- 
ket Drioe. an-i^rtal, invoice, particulars of the dea- 
patoi of treaaore, && p. 

j^ aruz or aruzz, also urz, m. rice. a. 

jy arrai (pi. of jjj), riches, possessions, a. 

^Ijj) arzaii, cheap, abundant, p. 

i3]j^) arz^ni, f. cheapness ; abundance of pro- 

** vlaioas. arxSnUrakhna, or {p.) anani dashtan, to pre- 
sent, give gratuitously, p. 

JJjl arzak (corruptly for azrak), blue, azure, 

oenilean ; having cat* s eyes, arxd^-ehashm, blue- eyed, 
osi-eyed. a. 

MM^ arzan, m. millet-seed 5 (Hind, china), p. 

ysS arxvL^ f. wish, desire ; hope, want, dis- 
tress, p, Donging. p. 
iXisjJ T arwrmand^ also arsM-kash, desirou<«, 

^^jisjl .T arzwnandi or arzu-kashi, f. eager 

desire, wishing, anxiety, p. 

t)«^j' amAwi, to be worth ; to suit p. 
y^/arziz, f. tin,, base or light money, p. 
iIJSjj) arzhang, m. the house and gallery of 

Jfoat, a celebrated painter, p, 

{jt»j\ i»OT a^aSf without juice, sapless, taste- 
less, dull, flat (as a composition). «. 

{^^ ^n^ arus, m. name of a medicinal 

plsttt or tree (Jiutieia adJuUoda and gandarussa), i. 

{^J ^nrS aras, m. weakness, laziness, in- 

sctivity. #. 

i^j\ iris or irs (v. tr«), an axletree. d. 

J'^l trj5/, m. mission ; act of ending, espe- 
cially a writing, letter, &c : in revenue language it 
denotes monthfy ooUections of rents, &C., forwarded 
to headquarters by the subordinate revenue autho- 
rities, rnal-nama^ m. an Invoice of goods or rents, &c., 
forwarded as above, a. 

{J^j>,U^j^ ^(i^art-parSy m. partial bathing 

(throwing a irerj little vrater on the head with one's 
Band, instead of batMiig), sprinkling or aspersion ; act 
of touching. «. 

\j^ii ^V^9{T arsaftaf m. guess, conjecture, 

valuation, appraisement; a mediator, a broker; a 




monthly treasury account of receipts and disburse- 
ments made up trom the daily entnes. artaUo^nams, 
the derk who keeps the monthly accounts. K 

f^^j^ arsathf m. a monthly account (of re- 
venue). A. 

^jmjJ\1i1xm*^) aristaiaUsA the Grecian philo- 
yiaM»Ji aristu, J sopher Aristotle, g* 

^^t^i arslan, a lion ; a man's surname ; 

name or epithet of several Persian kings, t, 

^^y irst, f. the axle of a wheel, d. 

^^J^ ^WC^ arasi, weak, lazy, indolent, in- 

"active. «. 

^^j^ IHrtf or Wrrt^ 5m, f. a mirror (but 

""particularly applied to a mirror on the thumb), h, 

UlJ A|^' ViVl^^fl! arsile-naindj with weak 
eyes ; vrith eyes as if just awake. A. 

aam>}I ^n^9T drast/a, m. insipidity, want of 

flavour or spirit. «. 

d\Ji»j\ irshdd, m. command, order. It is fre- 
quently used by an inferior as a respectful interroga- 
tion, in the sense of '* What is your vnll or pleasure V* a. 

iJ^U**j^ W$^ arsh'parsk, m. partial bath- 
ing (throvnne a little vrateron the head vrith one's 
himd), sprinkling, aspersion ; act of touching, t, 

dUi*j) ^rftf arishty m. garlick, the nimb 

{mefia axad-dirachta) \ a crow; good fortune; 
tbrtune, sign of death, j. 

(XSijI arshad, more or most upright, most tena- 
cious of the right vray ; a person who explains orders, 
commands, &c., particularly of the deity, a. 

{,joj\ arzy f. the earth ; a portion of land ; 

pLar&ftt lands, a. 

tjOji CLTzxy terrestrial, earthly, mundane, a. 
J\l»^l artal (pi. of Ji»j ratl)y m. a measure 

of weight so cslled (about a pound), a. 

^yp^l ar^nuh (Op^avQv), m. an organ, g. 
cjIA' orghorvdn, m. a plant whose flowers 

and fruit are of a beautiful red {arbor JwUfot) ; a red 
colour. p« 

l^'a' ar^awani, of a red colour, p. 

viy irfdhy m. enjoyment of peace and the 

1)leasures of tranquillity ; bestowing affluence, oomfort- 
ng, cherishing, a. 

{jci^ arfazj an obstinate heretic, particu- 
larly a bigoted A^ro. a. 
A9j\ arfa\ more or most high, sublime, a. 
^Ji iridm, m. act of writing, a. 
^^\ arhdn^ m. jaundice ; mildew, a. 
fjij] vl ark, m. the sun ; name of a plant 

{caltUroput gigantea) svrallow-vrort. s. 

ti3j W^^it druk, m. a drug brought from 

the hills, of cooling properties, s. 

CL>^j\ ^KZWIZ arhdt, name of a city in the 

Dakkhan ; Arcot. A. 

^j\ ( 

^^0;« 1l<*l/l arkafi^ m. a pilot. It is sop- 

"posed thcj gttt this name from the only nilots for- 
merly, in this part of the world, being in tne service 
of the Nawwah of Arkdt, which seems very probable 
f Gilchrist's Naval Vocabulary); adj. belonging to Ar- 
kap. arkafi rupiyat an Arcot rupee, h, 

(•;J^^y V^rnpnr arkashman^ m. a crystal 
lens, a ruby, t, 

^^j] arkdn, (pi. of ^J^), pillars, arhani 

daulat, nobles, grandees ; lit. pillars of state, a. 
^j«k)o^i V^rt^ arhans, m. a digit or twelfth 

of the sun's disc, m, 

CLSj\ WtT% araktOy red, blood-red. s. 

kJLSj] Vni7 arkaty f. vigilance, activity, cle- 
verness, ingenuity. A. 

{2)^J^ ^r^fifT ark'din, m, a solar day. s, 

jJIaJLSj^ V<r^fl a-rakshit^ unprotected, unde- 
fended, s. [of the sun. s. 

JjJM Li}j\ ^%im^ ark-mandal, m. the disc 
\^yj^ VcJiTMc^ arkopalf m. the sun-stone, a 

ruby ; a crystal lens. s. 

ijf^jj ^ )l v4^ ark'Varsk,m. a solar year.«. 
vl^l "^t?! urag, m. a snake, urag-^stkdn, m. 

the infernal regions, s. 

IT;) wn^U argd, separate, apart, on one side. $, 

^^1 WUIIHI argdndy a. to separate, to put 
on one side ; n. to be separated, t, 

^o^l VTTrf^ org^yiy f. being silent. «. 

Wjl argajdy m. the name of a per- 
fume, of a yellowish colour, compounded of several 
Ingredients, h. [garments. &c) h. 

^jFjl Vfnft orgajtf dyed with argajdy (as 

jV^^I ^ff^hft arganiy m. a rope stretched for 

** drying clothes or similar purposes ; a wooden rod, or 
bamboo, stretched horizontally, has the same name, h, 

*^j^ ^r$ argha, m. libation, an oblation 

of eight ingredients offered to a god or a brahman ; 

n pourinff c 
moon, &c., wnile performing their worship.' $. 

act of pouring out water in honour of a deity, the sun, 

l^) V^ arghd, m. a vessel shaped like a 

boat, used by the Hindus in their derotioni, for per- 
forming libZition. s. 

^j^ 9i^l urldy adj. hi therm ost, of this side, h, 
Mj\ iraviy m. name of a fabulous garden in 

Arabia, paradise, a. [inclination, p. 

^^U;l armdny m. desire, wish, longing, hope, 

(jU^I armdmy desirous, hopeful, p. 

«4ft^ ^ 'Vlt^ dramhky m. beginning, prologue, s. 

^1le.\ aramzddy desirous, without resource, d. 

^jU/^l arniaghdriy m. rarity, curiosity, pre- 
sent ; a piece of money, p. 

^j\ arnian or irmatiy Armenia, arfiianl, 
also irmani or armaniya, an Armenian. A. 

80 ) jjJ 

^\Sv>jL^^ dramtdagdn, (pi.) those at rest; the 

dead. p. 

^'^J] dramldan, to be at rest, to repose, p, 

Sjju^t drajfilday quiet, at ease. p. 

{^jf W^^aruTiy m. the sun ; the dawn of day ; 

a dark red colour, t. 

^1 ^RMH arndy or amd bkainsdy m. a wild 

buffalo ; cow-dung found spontaneouslv dried in the 
forests (used as fuel by the native apothecaries in the 
preparation of medicines), h. 

^' fICHT arndy 1 . . , . 

!• T J-n. to stop, hesitate, h. 

^j\ ^mTy{\ ama,i '^^ 

^^U;l WTHf!^ arundyty f. the dawn, colour of 

the dawn, a dark red coloar. s. 

K^j\ amah, m. a hare, a rabbit a. 

li^j\ drinda or dranda, m. a porter, carrier, p. 

St. 1 

JJ;I 1R9 arandy m. the tree from which 

castor-oil is made {Ricinu$ vulgaris otPtUnui Christi), t. 

(^i3jjt ^RGCrt arandiff. the fruit of the Ricinus 

* vulgaris or Palma Christi ; a sort of fire-work. «. 

yji W^ arnaVy m. the sea, the ocean. «• 
i^i^j^ 1IV^^9 arunopaly m. a ruby. «. 
(^<3^^ V^'lUl^Jf arunodayy m. the first appear- 

'ance of the dawn. s. 

ijj \ vroft artiXy f. a female wild bufialo. A. 
ftt^T vrnpi drajtyay m. a forest, a wilderness. 

aranya-sabhot f. a forest court, a court for a community 
of hermits. dranya-shaskfhi,f. a religious ceremony 
observed by women, s. 

^Ijj! arwdh (pi. of ^jiy), souls, spirits, a. 

<^9it ^IT^I^ arop, m. a transmutation, a 
change, s. 

dOjjl wCirMH dropity deposited, intrusted; 
transformed, changed into, feigned. «. 

(jlx^ ^sn^&'W dropan, m. planting. <• 

|;jjl "rtn urwardy f. fertile soil, yielding 
every kind of crop ; land in general, s. 

^j^j\ Wl^ drurhy mounted on a horse or 

any thing else, elevated. megh-drUrh, seated on a 
cloud, i. 

c. ^j\ arogki ^* belch, eructation, p, 
vi/y^ ir^ a-rogy "1 healthy, free from sick- 
j/jjl wd'ft a-rogty) ness. «. 
wo^jl ^n^ft'il arogyoy m, health, freedom 

"from sickness; adj. healthy,(prop.a-ro^ya ota-rogitS), «, 

^•j\ WJTff arwariy ni. the first cuttings of corn, 

presented to the household gods, k, [neiumbo}, s, 

f^^j^ Vrf^v^ armind, m. lotus {nymph(Ba 
Ijjbjj. •! VII^MHI drundkndy a. to strangle. 

kanOi-arundhan, m. strangulation. A. 

^^j^t WlCt^^ drohariy m. rising, the grow- 
ing of new shoots ; ascent, staircase, ladder. «. 



31 ) 


if^ V^vft arwiy f. a species of arum, the 

root of which is used in food (called also gkoyoA 
orgkuyan, and in Beagal, kachu. Anon coloctuia), h, 

i^jjl V^ aru,i, f. (corruptly for aruekt), 
lickneM «t stomach, arising from pregnancy, h. 

^j\ arrtt, f. a saw. arra-kash^ a sawyer, 
arra ur par ehaldnd, to oppress an7 one, to commit 
▼iolenoe. sir par arte chalgaye tau bhi maddr maddr, 
he has Incurred punishment and disgrace, yet has not 
Tcfimned his manners, p, 

lj\ MXtZ dra (for dra), ra. a saw, &c. h, 
i,2^j\ WCI^ arhat, m, an engine for raising 

water ; the same as rahoL h. 

^j\ mt^ arhavyt a species of palse ((^tfiM 

cejan) ; called also ^tt,ar. A. 

\^^ ^fl^^HI urihnd, m. reproach, reproof. A. 
•.lAjJb^l wfiir arhant, m. a iugat, or follower 

of tl&e doctrines of Buddh. «. 

^j\ WT\ ara,i, f. the root of Arum cohcasia ; 

agoadattheendofawfaipL h, [an awL h, 

gr;T m^ dri, f. a small saw, a hand saw, 

^<j\ Wt are, a disrespectful mode of calling 

or address; tem.arL f. 
^j\ driy yes, yea verily, p* [kind. h. 

bjT ^mfhn driyd, m. a plant of the gourd 
o> i^ "^TW or wt^ ureb or areft, f. compli- 

catioo, deception, m. guilt. A- 

Jjj^^ arehaUj stratagem, deception, d. 

C*i.l ^l^H^ o-ri<», f. ill-mannerB, impolite- 
ness, incivility, Hi-breeding, s. 

iSjiSj^ are-re* alas, woe*s me. d. 

•ijT vnft 5rya, of a good family, respectable. 


jT irrf ar» ^- * screen, shelter; a kind of 

ladle used in sucar manufactories; protection; a 
protector; an horSontal line drawn across the fore- 
nrad ; prerention, st(^, hindrance. A. 

jT dr^ m. stop, hindrance ; hence the boun- 
dary of a field Sec af -^ir, a strip of sward encom- 
passing a field. A. 

5^ ar, f. contention, objection, fault, contra- 
riety, obstinacy, or-*, to stop, to be obstinate (as a 
horse. A. 

?T ^nft dri, m. a bird, the Sarali {iurdus 

^ • * 

gimglukaiMM), *. 

IjT drdf oblique, crooked, across, transverse; 
m. a prop, a shelter ; a large saw, a shoemaker's knife. A. 

\hp\^ ard-dendy to abandon, give up. d. 
^\j\ ardr, (also urdr) m. outhouses for cattle, 

harrest floor for the blossoms of the mahwa ; also 
the steep bank of a pond or river. A. 

\fj\ MWm ardrd, m. high steep banks, of a 

river or tank. A. 

grj»3*^ arari, f. the measure of a field ori- 
ginally established in a lease or grant to which the 
occupant appeals in preference to an actual measure- 
ment or adjustment. A. 

dLiV^S 77TV MraA,capableof flying, fledged. A. 
UjUjji urd-mdrfidy to rob, to steal, d, 
Mj' ^iM urdn, f. act of flying, h. 
w]jM T?rTT urdnd, a. to cause to fly ; to 

snend extravagantly, dissipate, blow away, disperse* 
filch, entice, ufdnd purana, to squander. A. 

wljl WTRT ardndy a. to make to stop ; to 
fasten one thing to another ; m. the name of a tune, /u. 

^4J^'' '^Ttt^urdnchhu y in, flying away, dis- 
appearing; fraud, deceit, a deceitful stratagem ; en- 
gme. A. [rasol. A. 

i^}j^ VTPft ardnty f. a large fan or pa- 
J \j\ ^nrni urdyUy m. a spendthrift, an ex 

travagant person. From urdna. A. 

f^ \j\ ardft (for t^ vi^-O two and a half. d. 

{J\>j\ arbdly a very distant relative, a pre- 
tended relative. J. 

Jfj\ ^*Wir arbar, m. words without mean- 
ing; adj. uneven, rugged, arbarhaknd, a. to speak 
inconsiderately, or without meaning; to rave, to talk 
absurdly, A. [tions. A. 

li/i^ii'' ^^^{'1 arbaranffy m. foolish ac- 
{^jij^ ^WCTpft arbarangiy inconsiderate. A. 

t^j\ ^ifRT arbandy m. a cloth worn by 

Hindas, passing from the waist, between the thighs, 
and fastened behind. A. 

UoJyl V^rin^ arbangd, crooked, uneven. &. 
c^'\ 7PI urapy m. a rafl, a float. «• 
^j^ ^3 ^^ ^'^ arap'jkarapy need, 

necessity, afop-jharap msil Aono, to be hard up. A. 
^j«jJCj*l artdUsy forty-eight (for athtdlU). h. 
<JJl>j1 urtaky m. housing of a saddle, d, 
^j\ Wfil^ artald, m. protection, shelter. A. 
{it}yj\ artukf m. hindrance; adj. erring, 

astray, d, 

ijmJoV^ ardSy (for ath^tis) thirty-eight. A. 
^-aS\'\ WwA artht 1 m. a broker, agent, 
Uajk'^ VST^ artltyd J or salesman ; one 

who conducts business on commission for a principal 
at a distance ; a banker who grants and accepts bills 
on other bankers or correspondents. A. 

^j\ urchak, a thief, robber, d. 

UJl>J^^ HJK^^ril ur-chalndy n, to walk with a 

stately or affected gait. A. 
^^j\ archan or archin, light, uneasy. 

Of cAont, f. lightness, d, 

^j\ urud, black grain, a kind of pulse, d. 


( 82 ) 

^y^^*l urdabeganl (for urdabegant), f. an 

"armed female, d, 

\j\>j\ ardawd, mashed grain mixed with a 

little oil and water given to hones, d. 
\3j^j] ardanda, m. stop, impediment; a 

bolt, a bar (of a door kc); a yoke for oxen; adf. 
athwart, awry. d. [horsee. d. 

il^^J] ardangy m. the rheumatism 
jSji urduy (for urdu) a camp, &c. d. 
CJ\^j\ arzaty a villain ; base-born. (^. 
U]«3'l ararana, m. to lament aloud, 

shriek, d. 




O^jl ^CT ttra*, m. the common bug. k. 
IjUjI ar«a/a, and ^Jji^j\, arsatagi f. laziness, 

sloth, d, *♦ 

.^JU-^'l ar«i?A (for ath-sath) sixtj-eight d. 
^^\^J\ ar-zamini, a counter security, or a 

•^surety for a surety, mutnal responsibUity. A. a. 

8Jp-\ij\ ur-faikta, a fool, a simpleton, d. 

\iiJj\ arah, a surname, epithet, title, d. 

^j\ arkd, a small brass coin, the eight part 

of a Madras fananu d, 

\i/j\ ar-kama, n. to stop, to hinder, h. 
v.-A-->jii ar-kasb, m. following a trade (a 

HindQ) different from that of one's ancestors, d, a. 

UTJ^ U^3 ^rff(U'bargas, m. lumber, worth- 
less things, d, [firmament, t. 
^^f Tn»TO urgan, pi. the stars ; the stary 

^^ armdp, m. measure more than the 

standard, d, 

^jUJm arman, m. deposit, pledge, security, d. 
JbuUjI armattyalf silly, indiscreet, foolish, d. 

uj^ '^V^ ^^i' ^y^"o> ^^ ^^® ^'Dg. s, 

\ij\ Wpft urnd, n. to fly ; to soar. /*. 

\jj\ urndf (same as urknd)^ to cover one's 

self; to be dad. d, 

^j\ ^mn arnd, n. to stop, to hesitate, to be 

vestive (a horse), k, 

IJjM WTpft drnd, to afford shelter, to prop, 

to snpport h, 

(^ISj-l TT^TPIf ur-ndgan, f. a flying serpent 

or dragon, s, 

%,L^j\ ^sri'l arang, f. a manufacturing town ; 

a warehouse where goods are sold wholesale; the 
place or d^pdt where goods of any kind are mann< 
lactured, whether a town or not. ni / Art afang, an in- 
digo factory. 

LOji VfTT urangd, m. a mode of wrestling 
with feet ; an obstacle, h. 

jjjy WJ5^5r«, m. a peach, uru^ much given 

to vener^ (a male animal), as a stallion &c. kept for 
procreation, d. 


-^aru,d, obstinate, perverse, mulish. A. 
J\jjt ^TJTO ar-war, f. a prop 5 obstacle; she!- 

ter. adj. stopping, h, 

3^1 uriid, m. a kind of vetch, black grain, d. 
V?j' '"IC" ^rttfo, m. a medicinal plant 

(Jtuticia adhenatoda tod gandertusa), 

U^jJiU^JJj^ WlhRf>iraro*-paro«, m. neigh- 

bourhood. h. 

^j\ TO arky f. a kind of fish. k. 

^J^ drhy in the dakhani dialect this worl 

denotes alternate, or an interval of a unit between 
two measures of time or space ; as yak rot drh, ererj 
alternate day. pak hot arK eyery alternate koe. d, 

liU-'l ^«|f|l urkdndj a. tp put on clothes, to 

cause to clothe. ». 
(/Vj'l IWT^ flr/ta,i, two and a half; when 

used with a noun of number, twice and a half the ag- 
gregate number ; f. a fuU gaUop^ A. 

%Z^j\ WITWor ^rn drhat, arhatj f. agency, 
commission, sale by commission, brokerage. K 

jif^^ «6^Mi. urhak-par, a broach, a tilt k. 
\3jKi^jfl 1I[S««<H1 urhak-h, n. to seek, or 

cry for an absent person (applied only to a clu]d> k, 

^^j\ 944IH1 wrhahndy n. to be overset. 

urfiak-par, overset, a tilt. A. 

^j\ ^^Hl urhnd, n. to put on clothes, to be 

clad or covered, t. 

^j^j\ TOTf tirAa7y^an,m. any thing placed 

under a vessel to prevent it from upsetting; a prou, 
support. A. 

J^j\ xtQm9 arhfval, m. a day-labourer, h, 
^^J^ WHn urhaund, m. clothing. A. 
^j\ WW drh^fa, wealthy^ rich, opulent s. 

U^'l ^HT urhaiyd, a wearer or putter on of 

any dress. A. 

^j\ w|^ arkaiyd, m. a weight of two and 
a half sers ; also a measure of the same capacity. Jk. 

{^j\ ^rit 5ri, m. a protector, supporter, a 
small saw or knife. A. [mode. A. 

tgjT Wrt art, f. a tune, a kind of musical 
ut^g-'l ^li or ^nh^T^ dre-dnd, or are-dnd, 

to screen or shelter; to be protected. A. [|«h. A. 

Ji}i «sMcp ari/al, obstinate, perverse, mul- 
^iwt^areiwAor5ft^arat«c/i,alsoaraf»wA,' ' 

f. enmity. A. 

j\ az, from, by, than, with, out of. p. 
j\ dzy f. avarice, p, ! 

3ljT dzdd, free, solitary ; a kind of fakir, 

who shaves his beard, eyelashes, and eyebrows, and 
vows chastity, but considers himself exempt from all 
the ceremomal observances of hin religion, azad- 
kamd, a. to manumit ; set at liberty, p. 




^o^IjI azddagan (pi. of azada)y those free 

Iran worldly cttce, religious men. p. 

fj^^j( azadagi, 1 f. independence, release, 
^^H az^iin, J manamission, freedom, p. 
»3\jT azada, free, &c. v. a;rarf. ;?• 

^|jT azar, m. sicknesB, disorder, disease; 

tvoable, aiDietion. oatnge, liynry ; used in oompoei- 
tioa m dil-4uar, injuring or outraging the heart, p. 

j\:\ izar, f. drawers, trousers, izar-handj m, 

the atring with which dr&wen are tied, izar-handi 
riakta, connection through a wile ; petticoat interest.^. 

»>,|jT azar-dihy one who gives trouble or 

injury. ax^-tfcAt, £. the act of trouhling. p. 

^c.|jT ozari, a sick person, a patient p. 

»)i:t wfi/fl, m. removal, abolition; (in gram- 
mar) the eUaion of a letter or vowel-point from a 

^1 j^ az-daHf thence, therefore, az-ani, belong- 
ing to. ax'Sn'j^ kit for as much aa. p. 
oj^ az-haVf by rote, by heart, by memory, p. 
%j\j>j\ az-bara^\on account of, for the sake 
j^j\ az^Hihri J of. p. 

\yA az'pa, lit from on one's feet, az-pd dar 
' * to Ian into distress or tronhle. p. 

^V*5^ «di*5iii, m. a crowd, a concourse, a. 
j>:^ azdar, worthy, proper, suitable ; some- 

•^wMi* improperly used for axhdar, a dragon, q. v. p. 

^jj^^ azdan, f. worthiness, fitness. p> 
S<>d\\ izdiyadf m. increase, addition, a. 
^:>.jT azurdagl, f. vexation, affliction, dis- 

"pleasore, sorrow, grief, p. 

^jji azurdan (r. azar), to vex, to grieve, p. 
»3.:T azurda, afflicted, sad, dispirited, sor- 

fl^ul. Texed, displeased, weary, azurda-milr, or 
'U, grieTcd in heart; vexed, offended, dia- 

gusted. p. ' t*^'^!- «• 

ljj\ azrai, blue, blue-eyed ; pure, limpid ; 

^:T azamtf modesty, mildness, p. 
^3JJ^ a«-rw,«, by reason of, in conse- 
quence oC p» 
9ij\ azuia or azuka, m. food, nourishment p. 

<^y ij)j\ vzak'tuzak, m. pomp, splendour ; 

thahabtUorlasldonsofaking; theking'sseaL t. 

M azal, f. eternity without beginning, a. 
C±\ azaOat, f. injustice, injury (suffered 

wWbaat power of redress), oppresrion j straits, femine, 
aeanaty^Hunter. N.B. This word not in any Persian 
or Arabic Dictionary to which we have had access, a. 

J:\ azalh eternal without beginning, or from 

^•tendty. a l^^Y- «• 

CAjij\ azat^at, f. existence from all eter- 

33 ) U\ 

UjT dzma, trying, trial (used in comp.). p, 
^J^\ azmdn (pi. of ^^Uj), times, seasons, a. 
UlcjT aznidna, a. to try, to prove, to examine ; 

to touch gold, &C. on the touchstone, h. 
(JSj^UjI azmdyish, If. trial, proof, exami- 
^3^t dzmudagi,) nation : in revenue 

"laoguaf e, it denotes an estimate of the crop while in 
the field hy an officer of government, azmayith' 
gumathta or -mutofaddi, the officer who estimates the 
crop. p. 

&j^^ azmina (pi. of ^^Uj), times, seasons, a. 
(jf^y^\ dzmudan (r. dztnd), to try, test, p, 
83^1 dzmuda, tried, proved, examined; 

&zmuda-kart experienced in business, p. 

^\j^j\ azTvdj (pi. of ^jj or fts-jjj), spouses, 

wives, a. 

4jV Jt) ' dzu'bdzu (for ds^ds)^ all around, 

on all four sides, d. 

93jj\ azuka or dzuka, m. food, p, 

Lfj^y^j^ az-Aar-(fare, of all sorts and kinds, p. 

*^\ azhdavj T 

\^.y)\ azhdarha, W' '^ ^""^ ^P*"'' ' ''"- 

\i^\ azhdaha, J ^'^' ^' 

OVib^^ axhdhdty m. bell-metal. €izhdhdtt,o£ 

or relating to heU-metal. s, 
^\ is and tu, inflections ofyih and nrt/A,q.v. A. 
^\ irf^ oW, m. a sword, a scimitar, s. 
^^\ UTTI asUf m. life, breath ; the five vital 

breaths or airs of the body ; reflection, thought, or 
the heart as the seat of it ; affection. «. 

^^ I WPS 5^, or L* I WM\ did, f. hope, depen- 
dence, confidence, trust, reliance, as, added to words, 
signifies inclination, and dtd, possessed of that incli- 
nation, as from the root pi, dnnic. piyas, thirst, and 
piyasa, thirsty. «. 

\m»\ dsd (in composition), like, resembling ; 

soothing, tranquillizing, p. 

x^\^a8abi (pi. of e^AA«»\), weeks, a. 

»(X>\m»^ aidtiza (pi. of ^Um*^), teachers, a. 

^la)\ ^mr>T asdth, addicted to evil com- 
pany, f. [sn unknown person. «. 
t^^^ WW^a'Sdthi, an upstart, a stranger, 

^^Um^ ^rarni or W^JM a-sadh^ evil-minded, 
thievish ; lazy, without desire or energy, s. 

^^Us^ WWn a^sddhu, unrighteous, immoral, 

wicked, s. 

U^^Ltfi^ fl4IIHffl a^sddhuidy f. wickedness, s. 
ajJ^^Im*^ VHTVI a-sddhyay weakj powerless ; 

impossible, incurable. «. 


( 34 ) 


J^ W9R asaTj saplessi pithless ; yain, un- 
profitable; hollow (like a reed); foolish, weak of 
onderstanduig. «. [style, yefltibule. h, 

\j\ja\ '9WJS usaroj m. a porch, portico, peri- 
^j\diA 'WVJtyn usama, a. to remove, put out 

of place, h, 
jy*Uj^ ^TOIf asarh, m. the name of a Hindu 

•olar month, daring which the ■an is in Gemini ; the 
fint month of the relay season, and conaequeaUy of 
cultivation. «• 

^J^J^^ W^rit asarht, f. the full moon in 

"atSfht also the harvest of a»Srh, s, 

^^\m\ asas, f. foundation ; a pedestal, a, 

(^\^\ 9?mi uscUf m, breath, breathing, k. 

Vju^U«i\ 94IIVHI usasna, n. to breathe, h, 

a^^\ a-sd'atf f. an unlucky moment, h. a. 

^4>Im)) ^niTV Orsakh, without credit or re- 
putation. A. 

Ol^i^Ul^ ^a-mkhat, 1 in the ab- 

OLSyLrtU nJ a-«a^*Aaf,Jsence of. <. 

f^j^^\ WUraft or "Wm^ asakhif m. a false 

"witness, one whose evidence or testimony is inadmis- 
sible, s, atakhyttj m. a want of testimony ; a4|. with- 
out credit or reputation. «. 

^U«i I asam, name of a province, Assam, h, 

t^j9\^\ ^num^ asdmarth, weak, power- 
less, f. 

^^\^\ asdmi (pi. of ^^), names; (for^b^) 

**a defendant (in a lawsuitj; a tenant, renter, client; a 
person, or individual; I. office, place, appointment, 
substitution of one person to do tne duty of another; 
ex. Jutm apM asaml parfulane ho rakhjdte Aoiii, Heave 
such a one in charge of my duty. a. 

j^j^Im)^ cudmi'ivdr, including all the names 

allied to revenue settlements made with the pro- 
pnetors in detalL a. 

^Im^T dsdn, easy, convenient, commodious, p, 

UU>\ T^TRI usdnd, a. to winnow, k, 

UL*\ 'mwt usdnna, a. to boil, to cause to 
boU. A. 

^ImiT o^ani, \f. facility, easiness ; bar 

CajjImiT dsdniyat,} dsdnt, easily, p, 

^VibdjU»^ WlimyH a-tdvadhdn, careless, in- 
advertent. 1. 
g^jU4^ V^ffT^ or VI4II^0 asdivari, dsdnafi, 

£name of a ragmt or musical mode ; a kind of pigeon ; 
a kind of cotton doth, t, 

JjU>f isdwal, m. a pursuivant, t, 

C^jU>l lll4imHI dsdrvant, expectant, de- 
pendent, f. [pitiful, h, 
vJlJjUi»\ tl^nnir Orsdmant, fearful, unquiet, 

^jSjUi* I dsdt/ish, f. rest, ease, tranquillity, re- 
pose, quiet, indulgence, enjoyment, p. 

\ asb, ro« a horse (properly ujw»l,q. v.). p. 
u-^lfM*) asbdbf m. (pl.ofv«,>Ju«») causes; goods 

and chattels, furniture, tools, apparatus, baggage, a. 
l^lfMi^ asbdt (pi. of laj^), the tribes of Israel, a. 
^3f*«»l asbaiy past times, days of yore j mo^t 

excellent, surpassing, a. 

e^ju^l usbu\ m. a week (from m^ seven), a. 

\ mrvii a-sabhya, rude, unfit for society, 
unpolite. «. 

\ asp, a horse, p. 

OLm»\ ispdt, m. steel of a tough kind. A. 

U'^'vO^' VIVMIH ds-pds, m. vicinity, cir- 
cumference ; adv. all around, on aU sides. A. 

*^^\ Vnm^ dspad, m. place, footing, rank. #. 

ji^J^^ i9-par, upon this, hereupon, us-par, 
thereupon. A. 

^j*ij^^ ^191^ asparti, palpable, tangible. 

"The word is properly tparn, to which the al\f(a) is 
prefixed, to avoid the meeting of two quiescent oonso-^ 
nants in the beginning of a word, which cannot be 
pronounced by the Fenians and Araba ; Ortparti, in- 
tani^ble (by prefixing the priv. a to iparsi), ». 

*AJuJ*^l IV^T^ffhr a-jfpar5^amya,l impure, 

»Am»^I H^lipT a-spruhya, J not to 

be touched, s, 

f^ycj^^ uparmul, m. name of a plant said to 

be an antidote to the bite of a snake {Jritiohekk^ 
Indica). A. 

Ub^^t ^^7 tijprtAa, f. inclination, desire. ^. 

<J1u^1m^I VERT a'SpashtOf indistinct, s, 

JyuMtt itpagb^y ra. seed of fleawort or plan- 
tain (Plantago psyllUtmf), p. 

diX^) agpakf f. bridge of a musical instrn* 
ment; a little horse, p. 

iXJJU»l ispandf m. a seed of the henna plant* 

burnt at marriages, to drive away evil spirits. In like 
manner it is burnt some days after a child is bom, 
particularly at the door, to prevent demons, &c., fbom 
entering. It is often mixed on these occasions with 
mustard-eeed, and hence has been confounded with 
it p. 

^L^l igpahdn, or ^)^-^Ajj«) isfahdn, the capi* 

tal of Persia (tUl very recently), p. 

(jMjL>^t ds^ts (v. dS'pds), all around, d. 
(J1a*4| V^nr asat (for iz^a^^a, q.v«), unholy, 

ungodly, non-existent, untrue, finise. s. 

vI.AJ^I V^ ast or a«fa, setting (as the sun, &c.). 

att-h, to set (the sun), t. 

^J>u«»l l^fT ustd, m. a barber, k. 

^>>IImiI ^rsn^9 astdchaly the name of a 

mountain in the west, behind which the sun is sup- 
posed to set. f . 

^iL^t istddy Standing, erect, p. 

>IL^) ustddy m. a teacher, a preceptor, a chief 
in a department ; a4j. skilful, competent, a. 




^>\jm»\ istadoffif f. firmnew; roBistance. p. 

iblLtfil istdda, standing, set up, erected ; 
benee, a pole, enrign-fltaff, kc, pardcnlarly a prop for 
Bopportiiig the door of a tent, not the tent-pole. p. 

(^>\Im»1 ustdcti, f, teaching; adj. masterly (as 
irafkmanihip, te.). p. 

jUu«»\ ustdz (the same as ustdd), master, &c. p. 
JJ^\ istar, a weight of 4i migk^l^ of 6l 

Ja^\ju«»1 is<atii5oZ, also istanbol and if/am- 

M, the cit7 of ConBtantinople. p, 

^UmiI dstdn, 1 m, a threshold ; a faitr^s 
ij\lta\ dstana,) residence, astdip-bosy one 

who paja a vialt to a saperior. Ssian-hoH, f. paying 
a retpectfnl Tisit. p. 

dbjUM*) istibddd, m. ahsolate dominion, des- 

potian; mwiring npon a thing being done, a. 
tjjubMif istibraf m. cleansing ; washing one's 

handf of a boainew, or desiring to be freed from it ; a 
woman after being divorced from her husband, -waiting 
a certain time (three months aooordinff to Muham- 
madan law), to ascertain whether she u pr^nant or 
not, before she can contract another marriage, a. 

^^jukM»1 istahrahftn, green colour; silk, cloth, 
or satin, whoce colour seems to change agreeably to 
the light it is seen in (particularly green suk). a. 

cI.»iMiu!i!>rt] 1IM*MW astahyast, dispersed, scat- 
tared, confused, perplexed. #. 

c1aju«>)w^^ astut (Jor 8tutt)y f. praise; an 

anthem, a hymn. t. 

j\jju«»\ ff^'^ar, m. act of concealing, a. 
JIaSjLmi) istisial, m. heaviness, trouble, im- 

portonity. a. 

UjulmsI istisnd, m. exception, distinction, a. 

Clo\d^ ' isiijdhatf f. accepting, consenting ; 
y»<yH«g or recelTing a petition, a, [menses, a. 

mU^^ ittthdza, m. immoderate flux of the 
si\^^ UHAdla^ undergoing a change ; being 

impo..ible;>rab«ird. a. 

\^\^J^^ istihbabf m. contracting friendship ; 
an aetioo, tlie performance of which is meritorious, 
but the omission of wliich is not criminal ; work of 
supererogation, a. 

^* utijdzatf f. asking leave, begging 
a. a, 

*^ istihtdny m. approving, praising. 


taking or considering as a favour, a. 

\^a^^ istihzdr, m. calling, citing to appear, 
soffliDoaing before, a. 

U^* igtthkar^ m. despising, vilifying, scom- 
ing; treating with contempt a. 

j[VS^^ istihkdkf m. demanding justice; 
merit ; ability ; in law it denotes a claim of right pre- 
ferred by otnera. to the sulject of a sale. a. 

ij[^\ w^fAA5i», m. confirmation, firmness, 

I strength, tu [an oath. a. 

c-i^W^^ iitihldf, causing to swear, exacting 

35 ) C^\ 

5^\2^^ istikKSra, m. judging from omens ; 

augury, a. 

J(>>c^' istiShddm^ m. employing, making 

use of the labour of another ; asking or getting em- 
ployment, a. [extracting, a. 

fp]j^ istikhrdj^m, expulsion ; drawingforth, 

(.^Iflji^' isti khf dff m. despising, holding in 
contempt or in small esteem, a. 

[jc'ySi^ istil^Uu, m. desiring to liberate; 

liberty; freedom, a. 

l^^i ustukhnjarif m. a bone, kernel of the 

date fruit, &c. tutuli^Sn-bandt a splint or fillet for 
tying up a broken bone, p, 

CU«i«3JwM»l istiddmat, f. assiduity ; wishing to 
be quiet, permanent, steady, eternal, perpetual, 
everlasting, a. 

031jJkM») istiddnat, desiring to borrow : in its 

common acceptation, it signifies contracting debt in 
behalf either of one's self or of another, a. 

^)^(3jumI istidrdk, m. comprehending, under- 
standing; reaching, overtaking, obtaining, a, 

IP(>ImI istid'dy f. request, desire, invitation, 
supplication, petition, a. 

J^ JjkM»l istidldl, m. asking prooft, arguments, 

or reasons; demonstration, a. 
Jidi\ IK^^astra^ m. a missile weapon, a weapon 

in general, attrchvidya or attrttrved, the military 
science. of/ra-AM, unarmed. 9. 

Jit^) astar, m. a mule, istar, a harrow, p. 
Ji^] attar f m. lining, astar-hdrty plastering, jo. 

1^1 Uiturdy m. a razor (for »jfu*»l q. v.). p. 

I^umI "V^OTI tistardf m. a barber, h. 

C^j^^ istirdkat, f. ease, rest ; sleep ; re- 
pose; tranquillity, a. 

^j,l/u-»l "TOrd M»ter5»,gratis,free,for nothing, h. 

^JU\ istirjd', m. returning (to God); 

having recourse to God during affliction; repeating 
the sentence (from the ^ur^dn), " Verily we are of God, 
and to Him we return." a. 

^hjiM\ istirddd, m. demanding restitution 

of any thing, whether given, deposited in trust, or 
taken without consent; repelling, driving, forcing 
back. Utirdddi iiUam, reversal of a public sale. a. 

Ui^l istvrzd, f. desire to please, willing- 
ness, alacrity, a. 
ij}^] astardky m. storax. g. 
sXmI iLsturay m. a razor. This is one of the 

numerous old Persian words still preserved in Hindu- 
stani, although they have become obsolete in the ori- 
irinal. The modem name in Persian for a razor is 
"f^^ia^H" (note by Binning), f. [man. «. 

{SJ^^ V^ *^'^* ^^ **'*^* ^^^ *'''•)' ^' * ^°' 
ij;ji*a\ ^^ istrij m. smoothing-iron, utri- 

kamd, a, to iron ; to smooth with an iron, istrt-wdla^ 
one who irons linen. A. 



( 86 ) 


^VjuJuaI i8t{s*ddf m. desiring happiness; being 

fortunate ; considering an j tiling as a happy pretage ; 
oonceiving well of any tiling, a. 

\AmwjLm>) istisha, m. the dropsy ; istiskafi- 
st^H the anasarca ; utuia,i-j^lit tympany, a. 

t>\^. wJ i rt l istishkad, m. taking evidence ; sum- 
moning witnesses; bringing testimony or proof; 
falling a martyr to religion, a. 

cU<alM»l istisna^ m. a requisition of work- 
manship, forced labour, pressing into service, a. 

L^iyALtA istisfvab, m. approving ; consul- 
tation, a. 

iJl^UaL«»l istitd^atf f. power^ possibility ; 
dependence, subletting to. a. 

jI^ W jux^I istizhdr, m. imploring assistance; 

remembering, calling to memory, a. 

S^Iajuui»i isttdray m. borrowing ; using a word 

metaphorically ; a metaphor. Utrdra-karnSf a. to be- 
seech, to beg earnestly, a. 

C^Uju«>I isti'dnaty f. asking assistance, im- 
ploring help ; assistance, protection, a. 

J\jsf'*^^| isttjdly ra. hastening, accelerating, 
ordering one to make haste, despatching any business 
soon ; wishing to make haste, a. 

^|JJKL«»I istVdddy f. ability, means, capacity, 

merit, readiness, a. 

UUjumI isttfdf m. asking forgiveness ; de- 
precating. 0. [siring promotion, a. 

^L«ju*»l istVld, m. superiority, exaltation ; de- 
JI»aLmi istVnuUf m. custom, daily practice, 

use. itti'mal~k„ to use. a. 

^\,^»Im») istVfndliy fit for practical use, 

**u8cd ; m. fine rioe. a. 

<jUL«»I istigkdsaf ro. asking for help; de- 
manding Justice, complaining, a. 

f^ijkui] isti^rdby m. gre^t admiration, 
amasement, wonder, a. 

^yuMtl istiffhrdkf being drowned, immerged 

in thought, drowned in sleep, engrossed, wholly em- 
ployed, &C. a. 

jIajuum) isiighfdry m. begging mercy, craving 
grace, deprecating, a. 

«U]^fiiuLM>l astagbfirulldhy I entreat forgive- 
ness of God (or God foigive me ! an expression signi- 
fying negation), a. 

UffAM») isti^ndy independent (in poitit of 

fortuneX contented ; m. content, independence, a. 

S^IojumI utifdda^ m.seeking^for gain ; profit, 

advantage, a. [learned man. a. 

\ :;Q ju<i>l ixtiftd, m. consulting (a lawyer or 

e|^Aju«>i istif/'d^y m. vomiting, belching, a. 

jLmAjLu*) istifsdry m. asking an explanation ; 

-searching for information, inquiry, hiterrogation. 
iii{fiar-kamdy a. to inquire, to interrogate, to demand 
.an explanation, a. 

,^j\^^JlL^\ utifsdriyf, the statement of a pros- 
ecutor suhiect to inyestigation. a. 

^\ | fli*i>l vftifkdmy m. inquiring, inquisitive- 

ness; asking for ezplanatioii, desiring information. 
^arfi Ut\fham, an interrogative particle, a. 

^V^aLmI istifhdmty 1 interrogative (a term 
&jk«\^fllM»l tf^t^omiya,/ usedin grammar), a. 
9i\sLiMi\istikdlay m. requiring one to cancel 

an agreement, a. 

<Jl*<e\5ju#»l istikdmat, f. rectitude, integrity; 

residence; flimness, oonttaacy. a. 

jUHLtf) Utihbdly m. futurity ; the ceremony 

of reoeiring a visitor m the open air by advandng to 
meet him ; encountering, meeting, a. 

I^aXms) ts<t$ra,m. reasoning from induction, a. 

jyUM>) istikrdry confirming, ratifying, a. 

\«ni5lirt^ utiAfa,curiosity, strict investigation. a. 
J^llftjLtl igtihldly m. intrepidity^ resolution, 

perseverance, vigour ; absolute power, peipetoity. a. 

^^ISjutftt i«a'/^ZaH,f.confirmingin possession, a. 
(i^Aju*»l llirw^a5^tA,a believer,pious,faithful.9. 

j\ jx L m ] igtikbdvy m. pride, presumption, a. 

9]^Xju«»t istikrdhy f. aversion, reluctance, a. 

s^\iJ\lMi] istikshdfy wishing any thing to be 
made manifest or laid open. a. 

JUJokM»] istikmdly completion, bringing to 

perfection ; wishing any thing finished, or completed. «. 

a|^1ImiI istilzdmy m. necessity, rendering ne- 
cessary, a. 

cUjum\ istimd'y m. hearing, listening (to mu- 
sic, &C., particularly) ; tidings, report, rumour, that 
which is neard ; in law it denotes hearsay evidence, or 
indirect testimony, receivable only in particular cases 
and under certain restrictions, a. 

u^UL«>\ istimdlaty f. encouragement ; com- 
fort, consolation, a. 

#^f«Ju«>\ ^l^cP^ or ^?em astamhh or istambhy 

m. the trunk of a tree ; column, pile, post, pillar. «. 

e\I«L«»^ istimtay m. enjoying, reaping the 

bruits of, being delighted ; celebrating the solemni- 
ties of the festival of Mecca ; enjoyment of a woman, tu 

>\j>»lyi»\ istimdddy f. begging assistance, a. 

j\j^La\ istimrdry perseverance, continuation ; 

in law it signifies a rent not liable to alteration. 
istimrdr-ddrt the holder of a perpetual lease, a. 

^c^\^^JUl*f istimrdriy perpetual, permanent. 

istimrdrl jam\ fixed or perpetual assessment of rent. 
istimrdri joi, a fixed or permanent tenure, ittimrdri 
mdl'gusan, permanent or perpetual revenue, istitn- 
rdrl pafpd, a perpetual lease of a farm, istimrdri paUd- 
ddr, the holder of a lease of lands at a permanent 
rent. a. 

^\yJLJ[ istimzdjy asking an opinion ; search- 
ing out one's purpose or intentions, a. 

3UjUi»^ isiindd, leaning or resting upon. a. 

'1 ( 

l»ljjuui*1 istimbat, m. deducting, extracting. 

37 ) 


\aiL»A istinjoy m. pissing; purification after 
« naturml eTanutioo. a. 

l\ fiM»t»\ igtifukahf m. throwing water into 
the noetriU. when performing the Wasfu i nkutBhg up 
the air or odours, &c. a. 

\y^\ istiwd, parallel, equal; ^atti-isiiwa, 

the equator, a. 

j^y!^\ ustuwar^ powerful, strong, firm; 
brave, iceolnte, lolid. p. 

is}^»^\ ustuwdri, f. strength; resolution, 

flimien* atabUitj. p, 

iI^^>yL»\ VIrI^W OMtatyoitj dispersed, con- 

Ibaed* Bcattered. i. 

,^I«a1 ^rf^l asthii m. a bone, asthi^bkang^ a 

fracture ; a plant of supposed efficacy^ in fractures {cisstu 
quadrangularis). asthi-bhed, fracturing a bone, cuthi- 
^ pamfar, m. a skeleton, asthi-shokht m. drjuess and 
decay of the bones, asthisandhi, t uniting of a 
broken b<Mie. i. 

I^Im*! ^VTFIT astha^ f. prop, staj, place or 

meana of abiding ; effort, pains, care. «. 

^I^Im»^ ^rarPf astlian (for $than)f m. place, 

abode, rendence. «. D*^» i>ot fixed. #. 

j^I^Zms^ V9irrt o-ff^n^ar, moveable, mov- 

j^ju«>f ^rf^n a-ithiTf restless, unsteady, un- 
stable, uncertain. «. 

j4am»\ ^f^R w^Atr (for tthir)^ steady, firm. s. 

U^^jlm»1 nfm^ill Ortihiratdf f. unsteadiness, in- 
stability, fickleness. #. [steadiness. #. 

C^^Zm»1 ^Dniill istkiratdj f. rest, tranquillity, 
Ufjua) istihzdf m. derision, laughing at, a 

joke, Jeat, soom. a. 

J^AMst V^99a#^AaZ(forf<Aa/),,home, 

fixed reaadence, dry or firm ground, itthal, a place or 
stand of ^fa^ir. i. 

C!)^IL|jL*>^ istiklakt ro. ruining, destroying, 
fflyfi ffU TP<"g ; wisUng death or ruin to any one. a. 

J^l^Lflit istihlalf ro. appearing of the new 
moon ; the noise made by a child at its birtli. a. 

O^^JUtff vIVh^A asthiwaiy bony, osseous, s. 

U^Ou*»1 a«<-Aona,n.to8et(a8the8un,&c.).a. 

alwl (isthiy m. a bone. (See astht), s. 

Um»1 W^NI a-sthaifjf m. instability, un- 

^Lms\ mmft Ortatyiy untrue, a liar. «. 
jj\ dste, (for auL-M) easy, gently, softly, p. 
,Im»\ ^IViA a-sali, a bad or unchaste woman. 

" a-^mtya, nntme. false ; m. untruth, r. 

ij^\x^*^\ VBTPn^ a'Satyorbddt, a teller of 

liea,aliar. ,. 

JIajjum^ isttJi/^ m. destroying, eradicating, 

polling up by the .Qots, extirpating, a. 


«^UjuL*t utVab, m. asking in a present, tak« 

ing (the whole), a. 

\ijuLtfl istifdy m. satisfying completely; pay- 
ing or receiving the whole of what is due ; renoun- 
du^. relinquisliTng; retiring from business or official 
dnties, vacating or resigning a situation, a. 

VjuLmI tsttla, m. predominance, conquest, a 
^^LuL*»l istUddy in law, signifies a claim made 

by a man having a child bom to him of a female 
slave, which child he acknowledges, as of his own be- 
getting, a. 

(2;juu«»l dsdn, f. a sleeve; dstln kd sdmpj a 

domestic enemy, an enemy who wears the mask of 
firiendship. p. [sympathy, a. 

^UjJmiI istindSf m. familiarity, intimacy, 
aaLmI W^wn a'satyoy false ; a'Satya-hddiy one 

who speaks falsehood. «. 

^2^*^! frew«f a'Sajjan, unfit, untrue, im- 
proper ; not respectable, or of good family, t, 

\iag^\ TflaiplT unjnd, n. to boil, to simmer. A. 
j^\ W^ a-such, foul, impure, a-^uchif f. 

impurity, pollution, s. 

^\^\ Uyhdk, m. (a man's name) Isaac, a. 
am\ asady m. a lion, the sign or constellation 

Leo (in astronomy), a. 

^(\m>1 is^daffif directly, this moment. A. p. 
4J^(^M>\ trf^ a-siddha, not efiected, invalid, 

false, unripe, incomplete. #. 

^d^\ W^ U'Suddha, wrong, impure, inaccu- 
rate, mistaken, i. 
j»m\ ^THT asuvy and WfTT^ dsur, a demon ; 

the asurs redde at the south pole : they are considered 
demons of the first order, and in constant hostility with 
the Gods, asur, a form of marriage in whidi the 
bridegroom ^ves to the bride, her fatner, and paternal 
kinsmen, as much as he can aflfbrd. «. 

^1 V9 a«ra, m. a corner; hair; blood; a 

tear, asrit f. ten millions. «• 

Um*I ^SlBl dsrdf m. hope, dependence, defence, 

reliance, retreat, shelter, abode, house ; ambush, con- 
cealment, shade, hiding-place, t. 

j]^\ asrdr, (pi. of jm), secrets, confidential 

concerns. iMrar, act of concealing ; also, divulging or 
communicating a secret, a, 

t^\jM\ isrdfj m. prodigality, dissipation, 

abuse of wealth ; ruin, extravagance, a. 

Jj^l^l iirdfUy m. the name of an angel 

who will sound the last trumpet at the resurrection ; 
a seraph, a, 

JjJl^l isrdyxl, Israel, bani isrdfU, the Israel- 
ites, or children of israeL 0. [diction, f. 

3b^T ^nflrtf^ dsif^hdd, m. blessing, bene- 
CJyM ^m dsrit,\ one who relies on an- 
^j»Ji "W^dgartu, j other; a prot^g6. i. 
U^;M»t wnr a-graddhd, f. want of faith or 

confidence, unbelleC f • 



( 38 ) 


^^\ vnnT asramy m. abode^ residence; class 

^ of mankind, or religioufl order* whereof the HistdiU 
reckon foor, viz. the Brahmackdrt, who devotes hii 
life to religiouB exerciset, austerity, and celibacy. 
2nd. Grihi, who lives in the world, and rears a fanulv. 
3nL Vdnaprtuthot who retires from the world with his 
family, and passes his life in devotion in the forest 
4th BhikshUf or BhichchhUf who lives on alms. *. 

ijj^fc^l CLsarmelj 1 m. the Aristolachia In- 
i^jl^\ cuarvel, J dica, a plant supposed 

to be of great efficacy in caring snake bites, v. 
isparmul. d. [protected. «. 

(*)j^\ ^raRV or ^nirm a-saran, helpless, un- 
0^^ 94II.HI usama, n. to retreat, shrink 

from, recede, ft. 

^j»*»\ isrinj, m. miniam, cinnabar. p> 
jj**»\ ^^T^asru (or atru), m. a tear, s, 

{Sj^ ^TTOlft asuriy belonging to the cuurs, 

demoniacal, diabolical ; a division of medicine, sxugery ; 


cnring by cutting with instruments, ap 

cautery, &c t, [of demons. » 

1>U>;M» I VI^Ohi^I dmrx-maya, f. deception 
J»jM»T ^nlhr asrait, hopeful, trusting, con- 


eJ^\ WVSn asrayaj m. a refuge, asylum. $• 

c2^«ti*o»l ^if^ a^siskta, rude, indecent, ill-be- 
haved ; profligate, irregular, t . 

iJjJaMst istabal, m. a stable, a. 

^Jla^] u-tarah or it^tarah-sey in this man- 
ner, thus. iM-|ara^, in that manner, h, a, 

L^'ijia^] tisUirldbj m. an astrolabe, g, 

0\,>w£liM>l ustuiusat, (pi. of uftukus) ele- 
ments, principles. utptiutSti ^lidut, Endid's Ele- 
ments of Geometry, g, 

(j**j3^jliM»i ustukMiduSfFTench layender. g, 
SfusA as^ad, more happj, most happy, a. 
j\ajjA asfar (pi. ofjflM») books, volumes; (pi. 

of tttfar) voyages or travels, adventures, a. 

^\3U««»1 isfdnajf m. spinach, p, 

JiM»1 arfaly inferior, the lowest a. 

JJua] iffanj, m. a sponge; a yeast dumpling.^. 

j\j^dJSL*sA iBfandtyoTf the son of Oiahtashy of 

the first dynasty of Persian kings, p. 
^IfArfMt tsfahafiy Ispahan, the capital of 
Persian *IrdJf (the ancient Parthia). a. 

^\Li»1 iskatj m. causing one to fall ; miscarry- 
ing; taking away; dying (cattle); procuring an ab- 
ortion, a. 

jJiEmiI tV^a(2ar, this much, to this extent. h,a, 

\^ntf\ iskllf m. a squill^ a wild onion, g. 
CJ^iu^ iskat, f. pacifying, soothing, si- 

lendng. a. 

U\LmI "T^liPn uskdna, a. to light a fire or 

candle ; to excite, to instigate, h. 


I wAMw»i wr^Bir or H^Cir, askat or askat, f. 

drowsiness, laziness, tardiness, s. 

diX^T ^VT^ni asakta, addicted, devoted to ; 

intent upon; fascinated, enamoured, diligent, lea- 
lously active ; trusting tO» confiding in ; eternal. «. 

fSS**»\ vnrftR asakti, f. attachment to one 

object or pursuit, diligence, application, s. 

U\:;C«»T VIHiHMI dskatdna, or cuhatdnd, n. 
to be lazy. A. 

^Jf^^*^\ VIISaI or ^T^Blrt, askatt or askad, 
"* drowsy, lazy, remiss. A. 

jdJjLiA iskandary Alexander, iskandar i 

rSmI, Alexander of Greece, or Alexander the Great, a. 

i^jS^x^] ishandariy of or relating to Alex- 
ander, a, 

bJ^S^XmA uAan^ariya,Alexandria in Egypt. a, 

^S^M^ Uhandh (for skandh, q.v.), a sec* 

tion or portion of a poem, a division of a book. «• 

4,(^\nA V^H a-sukh, m. sorrow, pain, rest- 
lessness, uneasiness, affliction. «. 

, ^\m\ vrftrer asikh, m. benediction, admo- 
nition, instruction. «. [iiicted, unhappy, i. 

^^^M»\ 1V^^ a^nikhi, restless, uneasy, af- 
^^JCmsI V^npf a^iugan, m. bad omen. A. 
9i3JJ1mI mrf^ asgfindh or isgandh, m. the 

name of a plant used medicinally (phygaliijiexuosa), s. 

J^lv^ usalf form, figure, usal pasaljana, 

to be agitated, tossed, to n^t into confusion. A. 

^Ltfil isld, consolation, comforting; causing to 

forget, a. [iathen. a. 

}^lu»l aslaf (pi. of I— flL>), ancestors, fore- 

J^\ islam, m. the religion of Muhammad^ 

' orthodoxy (according to Mtthammadana). a. 

Jy ^^)umI isldm-hol (for istdmbol), the city of 
Constantinople, t. 

^^Ltfl isldmtf 1 faithful, orthodox, a fol- 
axA^L^I islamiya,) lower of the Muham- 

madan religion, a. 

^Vl)*^^***' 9llcj&M^c?ilHI usal^pasaljandf 

n. to be agitatated, to be tossed, to get into confusion. JL 
(^^L»1 uslub or aslub, m. manner, mode, 

method, order, arrangement. utlub-^lSrt symmetrica], 
of fair proportions, a. 

^) isntf m. name; a noun or substantive in 

grammar, ismi ut\fhamt an interrogative pronoun. 
itmi UharOt a demonstrative pronoun. itnU tankir, an 
indefinite pronoun. MmijamMf, a primitive noun. U^i 
<^^am» the Almighty name, one of the ninety>«me 
attributes of the Divinity, the utterance of w^ich is 
an irresistible spell over demons, unujalall the glo- 
rious name (of God), ismi jin$y a generic <tame. umi 
^a/iyo, present participle, itmi 'adadt f numeral ad- 
jective, ismi fa* il, a noun of agency ^®, nominative 
case, ismi me^ul, the past or passi^ participle, ismi 
fifatt a noun of quality, an a^jec^®* ^ 





( 39 ) 



Um»I asma (pi. of ^)) names. cuma,e kiund 

or atmd^ '*<S">'f theMolnety-niiie namei or epitheta of 
God. a. 

U«mT amma or o^ma, heaven ; adj. high. p. 

cJ^Vv>«»^ mnm a-samaptaj unfinished, in- 
complete, m-ttmapti, f. incompleteness, t, 

.V»Mi1 astnar (pi. ofj^u*), stories, evening en* 

,Ja^I»mi^ i»iia*i/, the name of a prophet; 

lahiDAel, son of Abraham, a, 

^V«M»\ VBin«r asamanj different, unlike, un- 
equal, s. 

^^L*M»1 VIIMir^ a-samman, m. disrespect, dis- 


^V»M>I atman, m. the sky, the firmament, 

heaven, the celestial orb. dtman par ^adam rdkhnSt to 
give one's sdf airs, to aspire, to be vain, asman par 
kkaindmek to be prond, to aiTect g^reatness. dmoa m 
g^nAt to &I1 from the clouds, is applied, particalarlj 
Dj women, to signify an acquisition tnat lias been made 
■uddenlj and unezpectedljTf without labour or care, 
and the yalue of which is inconsiderable, p. 

^j^Jij\^^ asman-girt, f. a canopy or 

awning, p. 

^Um>I asmam, heavenly, celestial; azure, 

"cerulean, sky-coloured. Ssmanl ttr, &c an arrow, &c 
shot in the air. Ssmani farmdntt provision against in- 
Jurtca arising from calamitous seas o ns, &c.on the part 
ofasoaMM-^ar. p. 

\j MiJ\ ism ba mtMamma, worthy of the 

"name (It bears), whose name is ezpresslTe of its qua- 
Utiea. a. p. 

^JA^M>1 inhl¥ a'Sambaddhf not joined, un- 

eoonected. s. 

j^*t>rt! ^r^bl^ a-fam5Aat9, uncommon, incon- 
sistent, unlikely, s. [perfect t. 
J V^h^ o-jompiima, incomplete, iro. 

»t ^rarmv a'sammat, dissentient, averse, 
contrary, a-iammaii, t dissent, dislike. «. 

CJj^mA ismriii (see tmriti), f. the Hindu 
litw. «. mjfv drMvUi, t want of memory, Ibiget- 

•^j«M»l ^nPf^ a^samarthf weak, powerless, 

unable, incompetent. «. 

f^j'^»»\ mRtV a-imaran, m. forgetfulness, 

oblivioo. «. 

Jfcit»iii< umallf Ishmael, from whom the 

Araba daim descent. (Same as ItmtttL) a. 

Cj\ik^M\ 111 VH^ III dsamantatf adv. all 

round, on erery side, wholly, altogether, t . 

*Vini9V a'satnanjas, m. donht, sus- 

»,fiiBpidon s unconfonnity, disparity, difference, s. 
^3f^ if m-fvar, entry in statements according 

totheorder of personiTnamea. a.p, 

»1 ^raiTV a^iamayy unseasonable, out of 

'time ; m. a time of mlsfortuae, distress, an improper 
time. a. 

(^y*i\ wr9«T ascm, m. the inside or under part 

of the thigh ; a stool, a seat ; a small carpet on which 
the Hindas sit at prayer ; seat, posture, attitude, sit- 
ting (particularly toe attitudes used by Jogis in their 
devotional exercises, of which they enumerate eighty- 
four) ; the withers of an elephant, the part where the 
driver sits. a<aa tale ana, to come under subjection. 
asaniopidf to sit on the hams, dtan tfolndt spoken of 
a holy man, who, perceiving by supernaturu intelli- 
gence that some one in distress has called on him, in- 
terposes in his behalf dstm m dsan jopM, to sit close 
in contact with another person, dsan lagdna, to sit 
obstinately in a given posture, till one's request be 
obtained, asan mamat to sit (particularly in an atti- 
tude practised by the Jogis); to retain one's seat 
firmly on horseback. «. 

^J***\ W%vT asifif m. the sixth Hindi! month, 

in which the moon is full near the stars in tbe head 
of Aries (September — October), s. 

(^;M»T WRR asarif also OAan^ ni. the name of a 

tree on which the tasar silkworm feeds. {Termiwdia 
aiata tormeniosa). t, [named tree. «. 

^^\ inR asan, m. eating : also the last- 

Um>^ 7?r«fT usna, boiled (from usannd, q.v.). h. 

^\m>\ asndd (pi. of JJmm), grants, and law- 
papers in ^neral, documents, itnad, an allegation ou 
the authority of another, a. 

i\ikJi isndf, m. a snipe, apparently a cor- 
ruption of the English word. J. 

^j\S*u\ asnan, m. bathing (see ashndn), «. 

\j\S,M»\ T^vfT usnand, a. to cause to boil, k, 
jj^^(if(Wa'santu8kta, discontented, dis- 


pleased, dissatisfied. 

#4$pJui»^ IV^Ifi^ a-santokhf or ^IVlfViC a-<ait- 

tos]^, m. discontent, displeasure, s. 

iS/yi^ wWrt a-sanjog (or a'tanyog)^ m. 

want of opportunity, t, 

iJ^xtM\ wic^ O'sanshaya, undoubted. #. 

ajk^xLtf*) V#W a-sankhyay countless, innu- 
merable, s. [bad. «.»l W^ivnr a-sangatj absurd, improper, 
^^\»jual W^Rn«T a-^anmdny m» disrespect. 9. 
Ou^ju*»\ireiiTll a-5amma^,diBsentient,differing 

from, averse, contrary. «. 
^Jmm^ ^nrarr usanndf n. to boil, to simmer, h. 
^J^\ W9^ dtaniy f. a small carpet, &c. on 

** which the Hindfis sit at prayer, s. [tunity. 1. 

vl/^jJUM^ V#ittn a^sanyog, m. want of oppor- 
8X%nA Wfhl a-snek, harsh, unkind ; m. un- 

kindness, want of affection, s. 
yik\ ^n asma, m. a horse. «• 

^^1 ini^Y ataVy m. a kind of intoxicating 

liquor, distilled frt>m sugar or molasses, rum. «. 
^1^ I vrarr^ dsTvadf m. savour, relish, s, 

jl^l asjvdr, m. cavalry ,a horseman ; mounted, 
riding on any thing, as a horse, a carriage, a ship,&c p. 


( 40 ) 


•y^ ij*»1^^5^^jTOy as7vdrufh,monnted on horae- 

^^^ '• [with batUe-axeg. p. 

Ufjy*i\ asTvdrt, f. riding ; a mode of warfare 

CJ^V**' ^^ngmsr dstvas^ m. completion^ cessa- 
tion ; comfort, encouragement, consolation. «. 

^^yxwil^l is-wdste, on this account, us-todste, 
"on that account. A. a. [ogly. *. 

^y^\ mrftw a-gobhd, shapeless, ill-made, 
^•^y^\ vmMPif aswa-patif m. master of 

horses, a title used by some of the HindQ riySs. # . 

p^^-*»i V^m aswatth^ m. the sacred fig-tree ; 

(Pietu religiosa). t. 

^y-»l ^rahr asoj, m. the sixth solar month, s. 
^y*^W^a'Sujh, invisible, incorporeal, h. 
^^\ iRfhl a-sochy not contrivable, that 

which cannot be effected by reflection or study i not 
to be regretted, h, 

»^y^\ W^r^ a-saucha, m. social or legal 
uncleanness, as from the death of a relation, &a #. 

i^y^^ 'WRWt a-^ochi, careless, indifferent, 

** unconcerned. A. 

dysA asrvad, black, or blackest, powerful, a. 
^J'^y^\ dsudagt, f, quiet, peace, content. ». 
^i>j**»l dsudan, (r. 5*5), to be at rest. p. 
tdy^\ a^£Za,full, glutted, satiated, saturated; 

quiet, satisfied, tranquil, at ease, contented, dsuda- 
kha$irt or dsudadil, or asuda-^dl, full, replete; con- 
tented, in easy circumstances, asuda, in a figurative 
sense means dead and buried, hence plur. dsudagan I 
the tranquil ones, t. e. the dead. p. 

^t>^l ^n^efhr: dsaudka, m. legal arrest «. 
^U*»j*rtl lamvic^'l asma-sdld, f. a stable. ». 
CJJysA is-^dkit^ now, at present, t^-n^a/^/, 

then, at that time. A. a. 

^y*»\ ^ti\qi a-«oA, (for a^AoAa), m. ease, 

tranquillity.cherfulness; a kind of tree(/cw«*la asoca), $. 

\lfy*A ^tTii a-50/7, m. ease, tranquillity; 

a tree called also Devordaru ( Uvaria longifolia), t, 

w*\i?^l <«|iyj|«W asTva-gandhd, m. the name 

of a plant (physalis ftexuosa). s, 

^^y^\ ^^Wt a-sogt, at ease, unmolested, s, 

^jiy*>1 ^wf asott, this year. A. 

^^^1 «r»^«ft aswini, f. the name of the first 

"lunar mansion, of the form of a horse's head (the three 
stars in the head of Aries), s, [der. a, 

\>^ ^1^ asuyd^ f. detraction, malice, slan- 
Jl^i is,hdl, m. loosening, opening, purging, 

fl»«- «• [intolerable. *. 

^^\ ^nr^V a^ahajj or a-sahfj, insufferable, 
^J^i as,?ial, more or most easy. a. 

cn^^' ^BW?f asahan, impatient, not bearing 

with, unable to endure, s. 

&a1|m1 >Blil<ffli| a-^Aaniya,^ intolerable, on- 
«J^1 W«W ««i%a, J bearable. «. 

^^5*«* ^roft a«i, eighty. A. 
<^1 irt toe, him, that, &c. ^ w, this, to 

"this, or him, &c. A. 

,^1 asi (forwftra«t),m.asword.scimetar. s, 

(^1 ^itiM a*at, m. meaning, intention, aim; 

Bcope, theme, subject ; an asylum, abode, or retreat, t, 

U^l dsit/d, f. a mill, dsi^d-sang, a mill- 
stone, p. 

«iU*»l alcana, m. a whetstone, p. 

u-aJUmI dseb, (or a«ft), m. a misfortune (ge- 
nerally means such misfortunes as are the consequence 
of the shadow of a demon having fallen on one and 
BO forth), trouble, calamity, damage, p. 

l>#** ^9^ftlRT usijnd, ja. to boil (food, 

^^4^**^ '^•fc.Hl usyhndj &c.). h. 

^^ «-«cAa,unirrigated (same asa-n«cAa). $. 

jw»1 astr, m. a prisoner, a captive, anr i db 
gil, attached to ona^s native soiL a. 

jl^\ "TiAt M«r, f. a grass, the root whereof is 

sweet-scented, and used for making faUU (androoog<m 
murictOum), t. ^° 

^bjUttJ ^«lji^ or Vml^l^ asirbdd or dsirbdd^ 
m. blessing, benediction, salutation, s. 

{^J^\ aUriy f. imprisonment, captivity, a. 

;ji*A**»t Wlrflu or ^en/hr am or asis^ f. bless- 
ing ; return of compliment from a (Hindu) superior. «. 

l-*A**»l ^rrhrr usUd^ m. a pillow, a cushion, 

head of a bed. A. 

(jftju*»l V^a-«e5A,withoutremainder,entire. s. 
Uju«»1 W^f^tfx a-nmdy unbounded, unlimited. «. 
A«Ju«>t ojima, amazed, astonished, sar-dstma 

bewildered in the head, astounded, p. 

^Jj^l WWfttf dsin, seated, sitting, s. 

\f^ ITFft^ a-sinckd, not watered, not irri- 
gated (a field. &c). s. 

i^jb^\^ld^ a-sevd, 1m. disobedience, ziiat- 

^^j^4**>tlrtl^a-5et?an,/ tention. s, 

U^jumI T^^fflUAen-'na, a. to throw out the water 

from boiled rice. A. 

(jil wh, interj. fie, &c. (vide uf), d. 

{Ja I o^A, f. meat, victuals, viands, soup, broth, 

gruel, pottage, ashi-jau, barley-water or water-gruel. 
dsh-pakdna, a. to combioe in any design ; to conspire, 
or contrive any thing against another. ash-mal» a por- 
ridge.8tick, a pestle, p. 


( 41 ) 



VMit ^V^ll cuhd, f. hope, desire ; dependence, 

reliance, trust, athd-prapta, niocenful, poeaesnng the 
desired object aska-bandht m. confidence, trust, ex- 
pectatioD. dsha-biumg, diaappointment. dshd-want, 
expectant, liopefiiL a«Ad-Ara, desponding, despair- 
ing. <- 


ttshd^ m. earlj morning, dawn, daj- 

(slaotuAo-^a/), tthe wifeof Animdha. a. 

iZJf^JiA i$hdrat,')£. a sign, command, signal, 
8|Lm»i ishdra, J hint tm-«-t«Aara, a de- 

DMMaatmtiTe pronoun, a. 

^L2l»^ ll||fii|a-<Aa^fra, unlawful, illegal, irre- 

rnlar. a-shattrtya, contrary to law, inconsistent with 
toe mles of science, j. 

>^lM»t lTO?r or WTinVy asKdrk or dshdrh, m. 

the third solar month, (see #1^Am»1), S. 
^^^VJl»l V^lA luAarAi, f. day of the foil 

"mooo io Aa/^fk, «. 

^LLt a«Aam, drink, (in comp.) drinking, as 

skara^^tam, wine-drinker, p, 

^^«3jbs\J«l dshdmtdan, to drink, to quajBl p, 
iZA>\JiA nt^fna^hdntj restless, anxious, unre- 

dgned. a-tAaa<t, £ anxiety, restlessness, s. 

^^jLlt vyi<l4 ashawarif f. a raginl or mu- 
sical mode ; a kind of pigeon ; a sort of cotton doth, i . 

O^^fLLt V|||C|HI euhdfvantf fearful, unquiet, 

^Um»\ aMdh, (pi. of ^fM») bodies, objects, a. 
«4fM» ) inM U'Shubfif unfavourable, un pleasant, 

inanspi^ons, evil ; m. misfortune, distress. «• 

tj\L!l»T dshtarvd,\m, an ewer kc, same as 
IjU&t dshtdwa,) afidba or dbtabayq.Y. p* 
flfXMtl ishtibdh, m, doubt, ambiguity, 

scruple, a. 

^\jjJi»\ ishtibdktf suspicious, doubtful, a. 

Mjuultl isktiddd, m. confirming, strengthen- 
ing, increasing in violence, a. 

jJL\ ushtur^ m. a camel, p, 

]jiJi»\ islitird,m, buying, selling, commerce, a. 

KiJ^Jii^\ uhiirdh, m. partnership, a. 

J\jtjLil») iskttdly nu burning, inflaming, light- 
ing a fire or candle ; fomenting,inst]gating a quarreL a. 
i^UjbM»\ ishttdlaky (dimin. of last word). 

UhtValak dena, to foment (quarrels), to encourage to 
had actions, to ahet. a. [study, a. 

iJliiLis\ tsAt^a/,m. occupation, employment, 
^^sftlM»1 Uhtikd^ m. derivation of one name 

from another, a. [firm, p, 

jSJiA usktulum, celerity, violence, injustice ; 
Jl»AM»f Uhtimal, m. comprehension, contain- 

LImsY ifhtihd, f. hunger, appetite, a. 

jl^M»^ isktikdrf m. publication, divulging, 

fame, rumour, report, renown, uhtihdr'nama, a writ- 
ten or printed proclamation or public notice, a. 

^Ju!»T dshtlf f. peace, concord, reconciliation, 
**Bgreement, convention, confederacy ; amour, intrigue. j». 

^UjL2»1 ishtiyak, m. wish, desire, strong in- 
clination, a. 

tJLJtA 1^ ishta, desired, wished, approved ; 

worshipped, reverenced ; cherished, beloved ; m. a god, 
a deity, whatever is worshipped ; an object, the thing 
wished for ; a beloved person. «. 

iA %(W asht or ashtay eight, asftta-prahar. 

incessant, the whole day and night, ashfa-mangal, m. 
a horse with a white moe, tail, breast, and hpofii s a 
collection of eight lucky things to be assembled ou 
certain occasions, as a lion, a bull, an elephant, a water- 
jar, a fan, a flag, a trumpet, and a lamp. «• 

(^Ji^\jJlA WWV^ ashtd-dashf eighteen. «• 
<JLjui!»l.iu!»\ VBI^fiV ashtdshlti, eighty-eight, j. 
Klfj\jjM\Mniffasktdngf ro. eight parts of man; 

adj. of, -or with eijght members, ashfdng prtmam, pro- 
stration in salutation or adoration, so as to touch the 
ground with the eight principal parts of man, viz. 
with the hands, feet, thighs, breast, eyes, head, words, 
and mind. t. • 

Ca^jUSs^ fTVfftlSrfw asktdfviruhatif twenty- 
eight «• [fifty-eight #. 
CmS*1^ (JLyS»f VSM^I^A ashta-panckaskat, 
Ijuuiil fWffiishfatdj f. de8irableness,reverence. $. 
Jiliji l^nt Uhtatar^ dearer, more desired. <. 
KZ^M»^3sJLJi»\ wr'4;ii^a«Afa-^rt9»Aa^,thirty- 

eight f. 

j^^Ji»\ I^Tini ishtatam, best beloved, dearest, 

* most desired, a, [riruhat, forty-eight a. 

CLa *i*<oj|y^ cl»^>l W ^ Kl I r()l ((aikta-cha twd- 
OUbJuLlI ^vnnr ashtadkcUu, m. the eight 

metals, said to be gold, silver, copper, brass, tin, bell- 
metal, lead, and iron, aakp-dhdtij, t a mixed metal, a 
compound of eight metals, a, 

JJi»\ T|[ ushtra, m. a camel. <• 
^JuLm»vJ1am»I vmifw ashia'Saptatif seventy- 

" eight a, 

j»t>Miiut»l VSOdfjl cahta'Siddhiy ro. the eight 

aiddhUt the name of a superior order of beings, a per- 
sonification of the powers and laws of nature ; wiieii 
they are subjected to the will by holiness and auste- 
rities, whatever the fancy desires, may, it is said, be 
obtained ; universal sovereignty may be acquired, and 
implicit obedience to any command enforced; the 
magnitude, weight, or levity of the body may be in- 
creased or diminished at will, and the body bie trans- 
ported in an instant to any part of the universe, a, 

^(^ji^^cL<^l m^vflr ashtchshashthiy sixty- 
eight, a. 

jJJ^\ WWH ashtam, the eighth, s. 

j<JiM»l ^wrt (isktamt, f. the eighth day of the 

'*moon. Janmaahtami, the eighth of Bhadra Kriahna 
ptUcah, the birthday of Kriahna, a. 

O sJuL£») ^nnnrfir a«^.<a-nan?a A',ninety-eight.«. 

l>^ ( 

J^^ ashjar (pi. of^), trees, a. 
^M>i ^in|f^ a'shuchi, impure, ucclean (cere- 

^moniafly); f. imparity. #. 

^Jf^^ wwi dshckarj (for ashckaryd), m. 

amazement, aatonishment, surprise ; adj. aatoniBhing, 
wonderfiiL ashcharjyata, t wonderfulness, astonlBh- 
ment^ *. ^ [people, a. 

(joIjc*^' oihMfl* (pl. of UcJ^), persons, 
i^Mil askaddf more or most vehement, severe, 

strong, violent, excessive, a. 

#^(3m£>) ^nw a-^huddhf impure, inaccarate, 

wrong. Orthuddhata, f. inaixmracy, impurity. «. 

U^ (Xm^I Hjf^rn a-^kuddhiyaj one who speaks 

or reads wrong, t . 

jM»l asharr, vicious, malignant, atrocious (or 

more yieious, &c.). a. 

iM»l ^nsr ashra, m. a tear. f. 
T^l W^ o^Ara, 1 m. cheating, fraud, cir- 
ashray,} cumvention; proxi- 

42 ) 


mit^; a retreat, abode, a house; a means of defence; 
havmg recourse to protection or refuge; trust, re- 
lii|poe, hope ; a patron, a protector. «. 

C^bj^l ashrabatf drinks prohibited by the 

Mubammadan law, such as wines, &c. a. 

j|^l askrar (pi. o£jji»)f wicked, wretched, 

criminal, seditious (people), a, 

%^)ji»] askraf (pi. of ci^^), nobles, gran- 
dees, gentlemen, men of high extraction. In Rohil- 
kund,Oade, and Benares, the term is applied to a class 
of cultivators who claim certain privileges, a. 

^j^t ishrak, m. splendour, beautj, lustre, 

lit. the rising of the sun. a. 

ij]f*^ M^roAi, eastern, oriental. uAra/^i- 

"-narndt, morning prayer, a. [partnership, a, 

i^^jJli\ ishrak, m. participating, entering into 

CJjii I wf^ dshrit (see asrit), a person pro- 
tected, &c a. 

U>^1 WWKH a-shraddka, f. aversion, con- 
tempt, disgust, loathing, distrust, disbelief^ a. 

Jm\ ashrqf, more noble ; m. a gentleman. 

a person of noble or genteel birth, a nobleman, athntf" 
uf flioift^v^/.the most excellent of created beings, mao- 
kind. aah,r<rf-ul bilad, the finest of regions, a. 

^4^1 ashraft, f. a gold coin so called. The 

* Calcutta ashrqfi, is about II. 11«. Sd., and the gold of 
it is better than English standard gold, by five shil- 
lings in the ounce, or about one-sixteenth. By the 
Begulations of May 1 793, it should weigh 1 90-894 grains 
troy weight, generaUv called by Europeans, " a gold 
more " (vide muhr). The gold more of bengal is worth 
16 rupees, that of Madras and Bombay 15 rupees, p, 

j^ji») %(IW^ ashram, m. (same as asram), 
abode, &c. Sec. (v. asram), s. [less. t. 

{^j^^ ^^irnv a-ikaran, without shelter, help- 
gr^l vnSR ashray, m. same as ashra, q. v. 
CL^>j^\ M[9tK ashrait, hopeful, trusting, con- 

ficfent. f. 

known, revealed, p. 

i£j^.j^) ^?li^ifl a-skartfi, incorporeal. #. 
(j**^t ^VYf^ofAif, f. blessing, benediction. #. 

nngovemed; under the dominion of evO habits ariain^ 
from a neglected education ; rude, barbarona. s. 

jUil ash'dr (pi. ot^fJL), verses, poems, a. 
JU^t ash^/yal (pi. of Jam*), employments, 

occupations, caret, if^gfta/, being employed, a. 

jliii ashfak (pi. of Jfil*), kindnesses, fa- 
vours. ishfSJff compassion, tenderness, a. 

&A&M»t a«At</)(a, wretched, miserable, distressed, 

distracted, uneasv, disturbed, ashrfict'ialt distressed 
in condition. dihuft<t-^^lir or atkufta-dUt afflicted in 
mind. atkuftOHmUt vdth disheveUed hair. aihufiar»or, 
or, -dwM^ or, -{a6^, distracted in head or brain, p. 

^ ^C fc&i»l ashuftagt, f. misery, distraction, un- 

"easiness, p, 

^^A&2»T a5Atf/l^an,to disturb,to be confounded, p. 

J^i ashuif gum-ammoniac, p, 

ULll ashkiyd (pi. of ^i), thieves, male- 
factors, a, 

k^XmA ashh, m. a tear, tears, ashk'bar, mourn- 
ing, shedding tears. asMt-^ari, t weei^ng. p, 

jliiT dshkar. . , , .. 

tj\xji»\ dskkdra,. 

JI£mI ashkdl (pi. of i)^), appearances, 

figures, shapes, semblances, forms, a. 

J\Vm»I ithkcUf m. difficulty, ambiguity, sus- 
picion, painfulness. a. [lude, to wheedle. dL 

IjJKm»I ishkdlnd, to deceive, to tempt, to de- 
^Km»I t^AAa/i, one who excites doubts or diffi- 

** culties. a, 

d^xJi ) ^rr^pKa«AaA^a,fond,attached,addicted; 

able, powerful, ashakti, f. attachment, fondness; 
power, might. «. 

kl^xJlA ^r^nB a-shakta, powerless, unable. 

a-»hakti, I. impotence, weakness. #. [rant. «. 

Ca^I^I nf^lHllil ashikshit, untaught, igno- 

(^^x^l W^r^ a-shahun, 1 m. portent, evil 

^jCi») Wl|Pnir a-5Au^n, j- omen, ashakuni 

^yCM>) ^V^*!^ a-«Au^un,J or a-shtigum, 

portentous, boding evil luck. s. 

ft^C!i») V^V Orihahyaj impossible, j. 

JJl»l askallf having a disjointed, withered, or 

paralytic lumd. a. [distich. «. 

ci)^Li»l inhlV o^A^A or ishlokj m. verse, 

l^CkLil) WQNT ashlekhd or ashleshd, m. the 
name of the ninth lunar mansion (five stars near the 
southern daw of Cancer). «. 

1*^1 V^n u^Ama, f. warmth ; wrath, s. 
A^^l ishmdm, m. diffusing odour, shedding 

perfume; giving to a quiescent consonant a slight 
sound of samma or kasra, but so as not to lengthen the 
syllable, or make one syllable more. e. 


( 43 ) 


tiJLi Wtnn ushmaia, f. beat, warmth. #• 
i^j-J^\ W^inf^ ashmari, f. the stone or gravel 

(tlfte diseaae); stnnguiy. t, 

(J^M»^ ashmalj more or most perfect, complete, 

rarpMflfng^, transcendant a. 

^|M»1 9^ tuhna, hot, warm, pungent, acrid ; 
m. licat; warmth. «. 

(2;m!»^ V^R a«Aan, m. eating food ; also WT^^ 

mtkam, the itan tree, on which the tasar BUk-wonn 
fecd a {TerwUnaiia alata tomentota). s. 

Vl^l dsknay an acquaintance, lover, friend; 

Iam*^ Vinn uikannOf n. to boil. A. 
^VL2*) li^l«f ashnan, m. bathing. $, 
i^Um»T a«Afia,i, f. friendship, acquaintance. 

igkadj-k, A. to unite, to associate. &ikn&,i lagna. n. to 
hncoam intimate, to be united in friendship, p. 

*>UVami»I askndyana, in a friendly manner, p. 
Uw^ Timn ushnatd, f. heat, warmth. #• 
<^i.Ll!>\ W^nt a-shanka, fearless, undaunted. 


^AJbLI irrSfHT dskankd, f. fear, apprehension, 
aiwe, danger ; doubt, uncertaintjr. t. [dem. t, 

^iU<S>^ TUfhl tf^AnuA, m. a turban, a dia- 

yii^ ^nv ashwa, m. a horse. «. 

•I^j«^\^) WiVnsV ashwdrurh, mounted on a 

horse; m. a horseman. «. 

I«M»I vnvm dshrvds, m. completion, ces- 

.M»t a«Ao6 or a<Atc2^, m. tumult, clamour; 

fnSammationof theejes; terror; misfortune; stonn, 
tempest; an impostor; in oomp. exciting, p, 

\^^1 H^lHT a-shobha, f.ugliness ; adj. shape- 
ugly. ». 
J^\ WmHii atkfcorfatif m. a person of 

rmk, attended by horsemen ; a horseman. «. 

^yi^ ^nt^^ashrvattha, m. the holy fig-tree 

(/lent rs%tota). «. 

^yi»\w^^^ a-shoch, m. content, tranquillity, 
absence of care. a>«AaacA, m. impurity ; mourning. «. 

^l2sjM»^ imi||l9l euhma'shala, f. a stable, s. 
iJijiA Wlf^Wa'shok, at ease, unmolested ; m. 

ease, tzaaqtullity ; a plant (Jcmetia aioka). t, 

\^^yi»\ WPUm aihwa-gandhdj f. a plant 

^iXjUyi»1 ^PB^ ashwa-medhf m. the actual or 

cmblcmatie sacrifice of a horse, an andent religious 
oeremonj among the Hindus. This sacrifice is one of 
the highest order, and, when performed a hundred 
times, entities the sacrificer to the dominion of twtrga 
or pnradise. It appears to have been originally typic^ ; 
tlie liorse and other animals being simply bound during 
the performance of certain ceremonies: the actual 
saorifloe is an introduction of a later period, s, 

^^1 wftpr dshmny ra. the sixth Hindii 

nxmdi (September — October^ s. 

{^y*»\ wf^Vift £ukmm, f. the name of the first 

** lunar mansion (see onWai). s. 

jb^^ vm<VTi. oikma^tary m. a horseman, j. 
^^\ ^'^'V^ askwa-yuj, f. the first lunar 

numsion. t. [proof, a. 

(>\^jM»f ishhddf m. taking to witness, bringing 

^\f£»\ ashhdd (pi. of (XlblSi)^ witnesses (such 
as have been present) ; eye-witnesses, a. 

v«^ujS»\ ashhab, white, ash-coloured, a. 
«\^^ oMiadUy I testify, I declare, a. 
j^^ cuhhar,moTe or most celebrated ; known.a. 

^^^1 WVfn dskai/a, m. meaning, intention, 

**sim; an object of desire; theme, subject; shelter; 
the mind. $, 

\jJiA ashya (pi. of ^^\ things, efiects. a. 

*«^Am>I dsk%yan» 1 

• r*T-fr- r ni. a bird's nest. p. 
oUm>i cuhiyana,) 


OuumI W^Afw ashitif eighty. «• 
^;XM»^'9^[/t^t»Atr,f.afragrant root ofgrass,called 

in Persian Aftof {Andropogon stairica/wn). t. 

i^b^jkMiT Wl^n^lQ d$hir'4>ddf 1m. bless- 

C^TJ./^^ WlM'^R dshtr-vachanj ing, be- 
nediction. J, 

(^yUM»\ V^ a-sheskf boundless, endless, all. «. 

(,/*Am>i ^Vnp^ ^VTlm(f ashtshf f. blessing, 
benediction. «. 

^\fo\ (uagb^ir (pi. of ^^m1), little, mean, con- 
temptible, low, poor (people), a. 

(JlJLel ua2a< or asdlat, firmness, integrity, 
^ solidity of judgment ; genuineness, a. 

U)liol agalataUf radically, originally, alto- 
gether, absolutely, in proper person, a. 

Lm^\^\ ashab, (pi. of c^ji^-t^), grandees, 

lords, masters, companions, apostles, friends. In com- 
position, it signifies possessed of; as, of^hi 'ilm» learned 
men, &c. af^dbi hilar and ofhahi guzin, the select 
friends and companions of Muhammad, of^bi kahf, 
the (seven) sleepers of the cave, fimied in oriental ro- 
mance, a. [i^* '• 

j\i^^\ ifddr, m. producing, appearing, issu- 

j\yo\ iirdr, persevering, obstinacy, a. 

t^\j^\ isrqf, m. expenditure, waste, prodi- 
gality, ifraf-k, a. to squander, &c a. 

eUla^l Utibdj^ m. dipping, baptism, a. 
^Ulxfp\ tfti^o^i, one who baptizes. Yahya 

"/flii^gli, J<rim the Baptist a. 

^Jjlxfol uto5t7 (vulgarly afj(a&aQ,m.a stable, a. 
jsi^^^ ista^iar, the ancient name of Per- 

sepolis. p. 

imm^^\ijo\ tuturldb, f. an astrolabe, g. 

^^Ua^I istilahf f. a phrase, idiom, general 
^ acceptation ; a figure in rhetoric a. 


( 44 ) 


Cj\^^^Xito\ utUahat (pl.)> idioms, phrases, 

forma of gpeecfa. a. 

^^^Ua^f Utilahl, technical, metaphorical, 
"oonventional. a. 

jM^\ asj^Vj less, least, smallest ; the minor 

term in a logical propodtion. a. {tpmoia), a. 

Ajo\ ataf^ m. the caper tree {Cafparit 
Suo] cuafy the name of a man, considered to 

hare been Solomon's looztr. af<tf-raA prudent as ofc^. 
dft^f-vd-dattla, the atqf of the state ; a title generally 
applied to a waxir, a, 

j\lbo\ oifar (pi. ofjft^), ciphers, a. 
ji^\ atfar, yellow, saffron-coloured, a. 
^l|A^I isfahdnf m. Ispahan, till recently the 

capital of Persia, p, 

J*^l a$l, f. lineage; origin, root; foun- 
dation ; a capital, principal sum, stock in trade. ofUus- 
a6», m. liquorice, a. 

V^#0i aslan or add^ by no means, never, not 

at all. Of /ay mtf j/o^, absolutely never, by no manner 
of means, a. 

^^Lol Ulakj f. amendment, cure, correction, a. 

^^1 OfiaA, best, most correct a. 

^_Ji^1 a</i, pure, of a noble family, noble, 

"essential, radical* original ; a registered Tillage, a. 
^1 asammf deaf; a surd number in arith- 

^ metic, opposite of muutik. Jagr-i ofamm, the square 
root of a snrdi a. 

f^Kk>o\ asnaf (pi. of uJJ^), sorts, kinds, 

Tarietlea. a. [reputations, a. 

Ot^t atv)dt, (pi. of Oya) voices, sounds, 

J^t t<fu/, (pi. of (J^l) causes, roots ; a 
mood or tone. a. 

jl^^l as,/iar (pi. of;^), near relations, agene- 

ral term for all relations by mairiage within the degree 
in which marriage is prohibited, a. 

Jj^l afil, well-born, noble, genuine; f. a 

maid-servant who is free, in opposition to faim^i, a 
female purchased slave, a. 

iS^\jo\ izdfaty f. addition, an adjunct, an 

epithet ; it Lb in grammar applied to the short vowel 
Areura, between two Persian nouns in the formation of 
the genitive caae, or on the addition of an a<yective. 
\akUi ktafatt the genitive case. a. 

ti\to\ izafa^ m. addition, junction, augmen- 
tation, attribute, a. 

f^\Je^\ iztiraby m. agitation, perturbation, 
restlessness, anguish, troubiCi chagrin, a. 

i^\j^\ iztirabiy f. haste, impatience, a. 


jl^aol iztirdvy m. 1 violence, constraint, agi- 
^UaLii\ t«j?»rari, f.J tation. a. 

uJUol a faff double, iz'af, act of doubling, 

duplication, a. (Impotent, a. 

ijuo\ azaf, very helpless or weak, most 

e^Lof azla, (pi. of M^) districts ; sides (of 

a square, &c); ribs; convexities; arches, a. 

iZjS'^\ ita*atj f. subjection, obsequiousness, 
reverence, worshipping, obedience, ■nbmisaioo. a; 

^JjJUdl atdtikf m. preceptor, a guardian or 

governor. a/a/t|ri, instruction, p. 

\j^\ atibbd, (pi. of l-iaJuj^), physicians. €u 
h-iip^t atrdf (pi. of c^P^), sides, environs, 

confines, skirts, districts ; all around, a. 

s^^i^j^^ itrt-phaly 1m. a kind of electuary ; 
Ji^^\ itfi-faly J vide itti-pkal 
Vfl^l t/yS, extinction, putting out (a fire), a. 
JIa]^! af/a/, (pi. of Ji^), children, &mily. a. 

e^lLt t^t/a\ f. manifesting, informing, de- 
claring, investigating, linowledge, information. iQi^ 
la''k,t to acquaint, inform. iUi^*-nama, a written de> 
claration, or notice in writing ; a summons or citation. 
ittilS'-mand, informed* acquainted, a. 

I^U^^ itldky m. setting at liberty; divorcing; 

freedom, disengagedness ; in law, the office and re- 
COTds of summonses, also fees thereon, a. 

(jiOy jil^l itldk-navis, m. the officer who 

keeps the register of summonses and of the fees there- 
upon, a. p. 

^^Ji^) atlas, m. satin, ailasiy of or resemhling 

satin, made of satin, a. 
cLJot itmdy strong desire, longing for. a. 

^UU^I itminan, m. tranquillity, content, 
security, repose, rest, quiet. t|ai^Mat ||fta|tr, peace of 
mind. a. 

c^U^l atnab (pi. of i^^o^) tent ropes, a. 
j^jkl atfoary (pi. otjyh) manners, behaviour, 

devoirs. lE&uaA-i^war, well bred. a. 

JjJ^l atmaly very long or tall, prolix, a. 
j\^\ athdr (pi. of jib\i»), the pure. t«A5r, 

purifying, purification, a. 

Jibl ag^m, more or most oppressive, a. 

j\^\ i^dvy m. demonstration; revealing. 
publication, evincing, a. 

^;^^ a^Aar, very clear, more apparent, az- 

/tora mm ash-thamsiy clearer than the sun. a. 

0>\p1 f*arfa<, (also tdda), f. repetition, re- 
rising; visiting the sick. 0. 

JUpI t'^aA, liberation, manumission, a, 
iji^\fi\ i'dnat, f. help, aid, succour, favour, 

assistance, a. 

jLIp] iHibdry m. belief, faith, confidence ; 
respect, esteem, veneration, reliance. Vtihdr roAAiM, 
or I'/iMr-ik., to give credit to, to believe, a, 

gr^USP^ iHxbdriy trusty, confidential, a. 

Jt«3j[p\ f tiddly m. evenness, equilibrium; 
temperatenesa ; rectitude, temperature, moderation, a. 

c:^\ ( 

jUl^\ ttizoTf m. an excase, apology. ftvMr- 

n mu, UL a letter of apology, a. 

(^UIpi ttis£a$i, one who apologizes, a. 
^I^t tiiraZf f. refusing assent, objecting, 

dHcution ; critidBm, mimadyendon, displeasiire, op- 
pootioD. a. [who objects, a. 

^y[pt ttirazly f. displeasnre, anger; one 
uJt^l ttiraf, m. confession, acknowledg- 

nwnt, avowal, a. 

Jllpi^) ^tizaz, excelling, overcoming, a. 
JtjlP\ t*ti!2!a^ secession, dissent ; abdicating 

or withdnwiog from office, a, [sin. a. 

^ViAjiPl ^tisam, preserving one^s self from 

jlaJpt ^tikadf m. confidence, faith, tmst, 
bdicC a. 

(^i)\SiPt ttiJ^adlf one who has faith &a, or 

b iHmnh fidth ia placed, a. 

cJKIpI ttikaf^ m. restraining, curbing one^s 

panioD from religbms motiTeB, as in Lent ; continuing 
in the moiqne (particular]/ at Mecca), a. 

^UapI ttmdd, m. faith, confidence; hope, 

dependenee. reliance, a. 

(^UspI ^tinuuK, one in whom confidence is 

placed, a trustworthy person, a. 

UIpI fttnoj taking pains, anxiety, care. a. 
^^ tjaz^ m. disappointment; a miracle; 

vooder, amaxement, astonishment, surprise. VJdti 
■MM|a,t, miraculous cure, equalling the wonderful 
ggssof the Meaaish. a. 

^\ a'jamt & barbarian, a rnstic : the term 
' is strietlT employed to one who doee not speak pure 
Anbic, but it generally denotes a Persian, a, 

wt add (pi. of jJkP), foes, enemies, a. 
^]^\ trabf xn. a vowel, the using of the 

voiKl-points. ^rSb, the wandering Araba of the 

46 ) liT 

^\ a la, \ 

\ \c\ V~ I ^^P^°^®> big^y ^^6 Most High. a. 

^^1 tlam, m. proclaiming, indicating, an- 
nouncing; a warrant, notification, a. 

^^)^i tldn, m. publishing, divulging, a. 
UpI alanif most knowing or wise. a. 

U^i a'ma, for ^^\, blind, ignorant, a. 

JUpI imdly applying, amdl, (pi. of J-«P) 

action, conduct. «. 

J^kP't a^mOf blind, ignorant ; a desert a. 

i3tjpt aVa&i, an Arab of the desert a. 
m\f\ xrdjy crippling, or making lame. a. 
{jliAf\ tVozr, flying from, aversion. tVoz-ft., 

to torn away from any thing with abhorrence, a. 
Smi\^\ a raff m. purgatory : according to the 

llnsslmins it Is a kind of neutral space between 
heaven and hell. The poet Ss^dl says that ■* to those 
in hesTen A*rif would seem hell, but the hellites 
WRdd csll A'rif paradise." 

rj^i aVaJ, cripple from birth, a. 
fjp\ tzaz, m. respect, attention, a. 
lj^\ aizza (pi. of^>J^), very excellent, worthy , 

or dear (persons or people), a. [sinews, a, 

\-J<iof\ atabf (pi. of i^^y^iP) nerves, tendons, 
ViaP*! a^za^ (pi. of^^aP) members of the body. 

^Wi« taaoMiX, organs of generation, tf^fd^ ra,Uat the 
vital parts, as the heart, brain, &c. a. 

Ja^\ a*zam, greatest, or Y&ry great, a. 

^^jS'] a^ydn (pi. of eCf )> ®yes ; grandees, 

nobles. a*y9ni ^a:srat, courtiers, a, 

l^t ^^^o, a master, lord; an dgd. t. [agaric^, 
^^jl^t aghdrtiun {a^apiKov) common 

j\Pt dj^sflZy m. beginning, commencement 

4gi|a«-A., to begin. j>. 

^l^t t^raA, submersion : in rhetoric it signi-* 

fies excessive praise or censure, a. 

9jJLi^ d^i^hta, mixed, macerated,polluted.j9. 
JpT d^U (also a^il) a sheep-cote in a 

mountain, an enclosure for sheep &o. in a plain. 
offkaL a bar or bolt, jk 

2!^^ f^^kf m. difficult to be understood, 

abstruse ; an obstacle, a. 

J2l^^ a^sWa/ (pi. of Jt), yokes or chains 

for the neck. a. 

A^t i(^fnf m. inflaming with desire, pro- 
^ TokingtoTenery; sodomy, a. 

p1 agiikib, superior, stronger ; adv. most 

"kikely, for the most part a>^ab hoi, it is most likely, 
it generally happens, a. 

(jfijlpf t^&aZmisA, a kinp: of Turkestan, de- 
scended of the great Jingis KhSn. t, 

A^l a^Iif f. the bolt of a door ; same as 

ardanda, d. 

{^\^\ i^mdz, m. dissimulation, supercili- 
ousness ; Ogling, coquetry, a. 

^VsPt i^mdzi, one who is supercilious, 

"proud. &C. 0. 

Uipl aglkniyd (pi. of ^yt), the rich. a. 

UpI f^fva,m. seduction, temptation, i^wd-k., 
a. to seduce, to lead astray, a. 

;j!j>^T dffiyDsh, f. an embrace ; the bosom. p» 
J<^\ af/ky^r, (pi. of j*P), strangers, foreigners, 

unknown persons, rivals, a. 

,^Up< afiydri, f. strangeness, rivalry, a. 
i^ ti/*, fye! pooh! for shame! alas!t</-^, 

to disapprove of, to lament, ^f ho-janSt to become 
ruined, a. 

i\ off the sun ; the musk-deer. p. 

Z^^ dfdt, (pi. of CjJ\) calamities, evils, 
misfortunes dangers, a. 


( 46 ) 


aitW afai^ina (pi. of ^j^Uil), the people of 
4f4ibfl'M9ian, the A.j|hlin noe. & 

j\9l a/SA (pi. of ^\)y horizons, quarters of 

the heaven, tfie world or ooivene, regions, tu 

05^f ifaiatj f. 1 oonyalescence, recovery 
ftS\»l t/S/by m. J from a swoon^ &c. a. 
^^\9l o/anin (pi. of ^^^\)f branches, a. 
M afatf f. misfortane, wretchedness, cala- 

mity, ^fai-randa or 4f<i''*<Kla^ involved in mis- 
fortune. a. 

L«.^Uj| aftdb, m, the sun, sunshine, qftdb^ 

partut, a worshipper of the sun. ^ftdb-parattit f. the 
worship of the son. qfitdb-gir, a parasol. j>. 

«j\Ii\ dftdba, m. an ewer, a water-pot. p. 
^Uil o/Va^i, f. a parasol of a particular 

"form ; a target studded with gold, f 

^ jllil ufiadagi^ f. a fall, the act of falling, p, 

J^(3\Iil uftadan, to fall, to happen. 

li>\ji\ ufiaday fallen, prostrated, pi. ufiada- 
^an, the fallen, the unfortunate, jr. 

^Uil ufian, falling, uftan o Uezan^ falling 

and getting up, met, with great difficulty, p, 

^j\Iif aftdwa, m. an ewer (v. qftaba), p. 

j\a5*^ iftiWjflTy m. glory, honour, elegance, 
gracefulness, a. [tation. a, 

\Jii\ iftira, f. calumny, slander, false impu- 
^^^\y\ ofrdM^an (r. qfrdz)f to rabe aloft, to 

extol, a. [numhers, single ones. a. 

d\^\ afrdd (pi. of i^), individuals, singular 

^\j\ ifrddf m. withdrawing from society, a. 

\\j\ afrdzy exalting (used in composition), p. 

\^\jm»\J>\ qfrdsiyab, n^me of an ancient prince 

of TQrin, one of the heroes of the Shdhnama, ulti- 
mately slain by Bnstam. p, 

tl^^ ifrdtf m. excess, superfluity, ifrdti- 

aW^t and \frati &&5n. plethora, a. 

t^J\ afranjiy a Frank, or native of Europe, a 

''crusader, a. [mined. j». 

eu^jJl afroihta, set on fire, kindled, illu- 

ttP^Jl/ ^ ^fr^^^^ ('• ^fi*^^)* to s®* o^ fire, to 
bum, to kindle, p. [composition.) p, 

jmj\ afroZf inflaming, enlightening (used in 
j\Ss>^ \ dfrtda-gdr, m. the Creator, p. 

{j*H/^ 4/^^** (*"• ^fi^^)* *o create, p. 
SJJ» .91 o/ri^a, created, a created being, p, 
ij>.y\ a//m, bravo! well done! (in com p.) 

creating, aBJahan'&frlnt creator of the world ; m. the 
Creator, djrln-k,, a. to praise, to applaud, p 

^jijj iT qfrtnishy f. the creation, p. 

S jjjjj * afrinanda, creating } the Creator, p. 

\ji\ qfza or afzd,e, (r. of qfzMdan), increas- 
ing (used in oomp.) p, png. p^ 

^J*>>}^\ afzdyuh, f. act of increasing or add* 
Vi,^J>i^^\ afzayanda, that which increasea. p. 

i^jjii afzudf m. increase, addition, abun- 
dance ; adj. more. p. 

c/^4i^^ ^f^^Qh f' increase, addition, p* 
^j^«ijji1 afzudan (r. afzd), to increase, p. 
^2)flji\ (ifzurip more, manifold, greater, much, 

increasing, p. 

(3jjjit iifzuni, f. increase, enlargement, p, 
ftSLJ) afsana, m. a tale, fiction, story, ro- 

manee. qfsdtta-gOt m. a romance-teller. qfsSna-go,!, t 
the professicm of a story-teller, p. 

j»»J\ qfsar, m. f. a crown, diadem, p, 
^^dj^\ afmrdan, to wither, to flag. p. 

^^dj**J\ afturdoffif f. dejection, melancholy, 

" lowness or depression of spirits, p, 

tdj0*j\ afsurda, dejected, dispirited, melan- 
choly, low-spirited. t^gurdo'lslifiHr, depressed, dispi- 
rited, afflicted, qfturda-dil, £unt-hearted, low-spirited, 
dejected, p. 

(jjuju-il afsanitn (aylfivOiov)^ wormwood, g. 
{^y*ti\ afsos, m. vexation, sorrow, concern; 

inteij. ah 1 alas ! qfsos-k. or qftos-khdnd^ to ezpi«ss 
sorrow or regret, p. 

^2;^^mJ1 afnin, m. incantation, verses used in 

spells or enchantments, fascination, sorcery. qfsSiirk^ 
a. to enchant, to use spells and incantations, p^ 

jU«>^^«Mit €ifiun'-sdz,)m.Bn enchanter, one who 
^{^y^^ afiun-gary ) uses spells, a sorcerer. 

<tftvn-4dxt or (tfsun-gari, t enchantment, witchcraft, p. 

\JL9\ ifshd, m. divulging, publishing, a. 
^UJl afshdn, dispersing, scattering, (used 

chiefly in composition ; SBtgiU-qfsMnt strewing roses; 
tar-afihan k^g^, paper sprinkled with gold), p, 

^Si\JLi\ afshdndanf to scatter, disperse, p. 

i^Llil o/s^ani, f. dispersion, sprinkling ; scat- 
tered over; as, q/vAoni Ar^gioft paper sprinkled over 
with gold dust p, 

iSdjLi\ afshurda, squeezed, filtered, p, 
^jJLi\ afshura (for db'Shora, q. v.), lemonade, 

sherbet, d, [correctly, a, 

^ai\ afiahy very eloquent, speaking yery 
JLoi^ afzdly (pi. of J-fli), graces, favours, 

virtues, ifisal^ benefiting, making to excel, a. 

L\iriAi\ afzalf 1 

TTT.i 1 , J-more or most excellent, a 
JLaj] afzaltar,) 

CL^Atoi\ 0/2ra%af,excellence,pre-eminence.a. 
X^\ iftdr, m. breaking a fast. (/^(ar-A.,a. to 

break one's fast in the evening after fasting all day» 
as the Musalmans do in the month of IZama^n. a. 


\y1 ( 

(Cjw\ i/ianf that which is proper for &8t- 

47 ) 


JU»t ^ol^ (pi* ot^y^i), actions^ conduct, a. 
\J^^ «/*» (properly A^\ afS), m. a sop- 

"pent a. 

^U^i o/Jiiaity lamentation : interj. alas ! p, 
^Uif a/S^*9 ^^^ name of a race of people 

wbo inhabit the ooontry to the N. W. of Lahore, 
cdkd altoPd^Adiw ; they are Bupposed or rather they 
themaelveB pretend, to be of Jewish extraction, a. 

^Ui) a/}^ni^ of or relating to the Afjg^ns; 
" the 4W^» Ungnage. a 

jil t(/]jk, m. the horizon ; a tract or region 
of the earth; (poet.) the world, a. 

Jii\ qfkar (pi. ofjCi), thoughts, meditations, 

opiniont, oonueela. a. 

jXi\ afgar, wounded ; m« a sore (on the back 

ofahorwifcc.) p. [position, jgu 

^\ afgatif oyerthrowing, (used in com- 
^i^lOf afgandan, to throw down, to cast. p. 
i«&D5) afganda, overthrown, cast forth, af- 

gndagit £ act of overthrowing, p. 

(ji>^1 iflasyjn. bankruptcy, penury, poverty, 
wmt ; Bometiniea written (/fa«i. a. [Arabs), a. 

^^^\ qflaj^, Plato, (so called by the 

vf3^t aflak (pi. of L£)ii), the heavens, hea- 
Tcnlj s^ieres. «. [or heavenly spheres, a. 

^'ii\ afiakif celestial, relating to the heavens 

^iyta/foq;(pl.of^y),armies,crowds. afnoaji- 

Wura^ a Yietorions army. afiinSjUthaiya^n. a host of 
devik. met a mnltitnde of children, a. 

siyi a/ioaA(pl. of >y)ym. mouths; f. doubt- 
fid newi ; fame, report a. 

^|y1 o/ivaAi, famed,reported,noised about, a. 
4|jil aftHHy f. opium. A. 

L*?*^^ afitnckt, mA 

^ H ^ /. I «^*» «**«' of opium; 

t^l a/imfl», f. f ,« X , \ 

^\ar^na,m. J ^^^'^ * ^^'^ ^ 
i:)^^ afyWf f. opium* The inspissated juice 

ofdiePd|»aeBr somal^ak a. 

i^jgil afyum, an opium-eater, a. 

«fa*5,m.master;owner. p. [ared. «. 

Lj^«l ajartft (pL of «— *i;5), relatives, kin- 
wvt a^^a, the acacia; also the expressed 

Joiceofitsfnut g, 

»«i H^aldf the cancelling of a sale, on con- 

<fidoa of famishing an equivalent for the original 
priee fif the article ; breaking a contract a. 

^W akaHait (pi. of j^), climes, regions, a. 
W ikamatf f. resting, staying, abode, resi- 

dwelling. a. 

JUSi iibal, m. prosperity, good fortune, fell* 

dty; acceptance of a bond or bilL tl&d^efa'io^, oon> 
fession of Judgment, a. 

iilJUjIt iiAdl'mandf prosperousi of good for- 
tune, i^bal'mandi, f prosperity, good fortune, a. p 

(^UIJI t^^t^a^y m. borrowing (fire from 
another) i acquiring, procuring, gaining ; asking, beg« 
ging; quotation, a. [to imitate, a. 

\tyj3\ ifttiddf imitating, following. t^^tt2a-A., 

j1 JoJt iktiddr, m. power* authority ; excel- 
lence, ^gnity, tL 

jXJxj\ ifitisain, m. division, partition* a. 
jLajLJn i^uar, m. abbreviation, abridgment, 

restriction; determining or fixing the bounds of 
any thing; fiuling, wasting, a, 

UalSt ifAizd, claim, requisition, demand, a. 

ji\SS\ iidam, m. intrepidity, resolutioui firm- 
ness, spirit; endeavour, eflbrt, diligence^ attention, 
care, ifxldm^iiamudan, to approach, a, 

{^dS\ ahdas, very holy, or most sacred, a. 
j\^ iirar, m. promise, agreement, assurance, 

attestation; confession, confirmation; in the language 
of the law it means the notification or avowal of the 
lij^ht of another upon one's selC ifprar-k., a. to pro- 
mise, i^dr'nanuh m. written agreement, indenture, 
bond, contract a deed of assent or acknowledgment 
in generaL ijjbrart *amm, a public acknowled^ent, 
declaration, or confession ; a will or testament t^ar- 
dSftapaira, a conditional deed of gift. a. 

iS)\^ t^rari, one who assents, acknowledges 

or confesses, a. 

{S^^^iSj]/^ tjrari-asamt, m. a prisoner who 

"pleads guilty, a. 

^^\J\ akran (pi. of ^^^), equals (in age, 

rank, &c). a. ' 

u^l airab, most near, more near. a. 
byfl a}^ribd (pi. of u-a^)^ kindred, friends, 

allies. 0. [ments. a. 

tLJIl afadt (pi. of IxwJI), portions, instal- 
AJS\ aksdm (pi. of j^)f various kinds» of 

every sort. a. * 

\jai\ aksd, ^extreme, very or most distant, 
J^l aisaj extremely, a. [of land. a. 

&Ui5\ iktd', cutting, dividing, an assignment 
Jit aiaUf less or least, very little, a. 
jVl)^ (^ii^^^^^f ^^ Indian shot-plant 

(Canna Indica\ a beautiful flower. The word seems 
to be a corruption of some Arabic term. (Binning) d. 

L^filif aiUiff m. a Muhammadan who for some 

adequate cause has omitted drcumdsion, but is not 
thereby disqualified from giving evidence in court a. 

^jJ3\ ikUm, m. climate» country ; according to 

Moslem geographers, there are seven akalim '* climates 
or countries which occupy a fourth part of the world, 
called the ruhH maskun "inhabited fourth part." The 
other three quarters of the globe are supposed to be 
utterly uninhabitable. (Binning), g. 


( « ) 


J^yl aifvalf (pi. of Jy), words, sayings, 

Agreementi, promisee, a. 

j^y\ ahwam (pi. of ^y )» tribes, nations, a. 
c£3l ^RHV a^(Dakhani, ^), m. curled flow* 

ered eigantic ewallowort (Asclepiat gigantea), cele> 
brated amonff native practitioners for its many me- 
didnal qualities ; a sprout of sugar-cane. s. 

dii\ ik (for ^^XyV) one (chiefly used in com- 
pound expressions as) ik lauta, single. «. 

o\ t'AAa, single, incomparable, superexcellent; 

m. an earring of a single pearl ; an ornament worn 
on the wrist, often hollow, containing perfume; a 
champion, who serree alone, without iSeing attached 
to anj corps. «. 

Kl ahha^ m. a father ; a dear or intimate friend ; 

f. an elder sister. ^* y ^ 

j}6\ akabir (pL ofjp] or ji^) the great or 

grandees ; people of rank, akabir o afagf^ir, high and 
low, rich and poor. a. 

mX\ inVTif cL'liJajy m. loss, detriment ; hurt, 

iiguiy, prejudice ; uselessness. s. 

%\ wmiA a-kaji^ useless (animal, thing, 

^or person); aretarder. #. 

X\ l/JWdakar (corruptly akar), m. appear- 
ance, aspect, shape, statue, likeness ; hint, sign, token ; 

the letter 1RT. f . 

ji\ a-kdr, 1 useless, of no avail (pro* 
Cjji\ a-hdrat,j perly a-kdrath). d, 

f^J^^ W9TT!Va-Aara/A, unprofitable, fruitless, 

yielding no return, vain. h. 

^j\>\ WIK^I a^kdran, m. absence of cause; 

adv. causelessly, groundlessly. t. 

(^^ol WTW^I dkds or akds, m. the sky, the 
firmament, the heavens; space; air; the fifth 
element of the Hindas, more subtle than air, astilier. 
akds-banh f- revelation, a voice from heaven, t, 

CJj>{jJ9\ WPKVf^^ dkds-britti, f. subsis- 
tence not derived from any certain funds, or depend- 
ing on any particular person; living from hand to 
mouth, t. 

fj,jf(,j^^ 1 tnvmyift dkds-brittl, one whose 

subsistence is fortuitous, t. 

JjL^ cji*^ Vl^iy^^ dkds-bel, f.the air-creeper 

Cuscuta reflexa ?) : it has no root or leaves, but grows 
on the tops of trees, t. 

O^O^^ I WI4ilJ|IM4H dkds-fKtwan, m. a vege- 
table growing on other trees; air-plant or dodder. 
(Cuseitta r^flexay ». 

b«3 o.»\^T «l4il9l((l4|| dhds-diyd, m. a lamp 
which the Hindus hang aloft on a bamboo in the 
month of K&rtik, a beacon (in Dakh., jikat-diwd). «. 

twff^ O^ol lll4ilSll^^1 dkds-muhJut m. a 

** devotee of the Saiva sect ; his devotion consists in hold- 
ing his face up to the sun, so that, after some time, it 
is diflScult for him to hold it in the natural position, t. 

^^^{^jJ6\ ^n^vninnfl^ dfids-mandal, m. 

the atmosphere, the celestial sphere. «. 

^)(^^\i! Wloii^iffflK dkas-ntm, m. a plant 

' growing on the mm trees (a kind of Epidendron). ». 

43^jCj^ol VI4II|I^IIq1 dhdt-rodm, f. a voice 

" from heaven, revelation. #. 

^jki*\>^ ^'cRiA t^ajri, eighty-one. A. 

f^tfoT vran^ dkdsi, aerial, celestial, atmo- 

** spheric, dkdti-bama, cerulean, axure. «. [okas). 

(jf»9\ Wiwmi dkdsh, m. the sky (same as 
Jol W^V19 01* VI4I<:9 a^kdl (or dkdl), m. a 

famine, a general scarcity ; unseasonableness, extre- 
mity, pinch; adj. unseasonable, untimely, premature. 
a4[al-brishfit untimely rain, akal-fhai, a fruit pro- 
duced out of season. «. 

J\>\ akitdlf a glutton, an euormous eater, a. 
U)\>\ 9mi^mukdlnd, a. to boil water. A. 
J6\ ^m<T a^kdm, unprofitable, fruitless. <• 

li:io\^l Vl4i|ISil dkdnhshd, f. wish desire, ex- 
pectation; purpose, intention. «. 

CLaJjCXI fll4lfVl|4 dkdnkshit, desirous; de- 
sired, expected, s. 

^^^Sio D \ ^5n«ii^ dkdnksht, desirous, full of 
** hope, expecting ; asking, inquiring. «. [one. K 

i/y vt filTtld ihdnawwe or ikdnmej ninety- 
(^o\ ^mipf ikdwaftf fifly-one. h. 

j\J\ ik-bdr (for ek bar), one time. A. p. 

j^\ akbar, very great ; a man^s name. a. 
{s)}]j^^ aMar-a^ra,t,1 presumptive evidence 
^J^J^^ aMari«ra,t, J sufficiently strong to 

convict, a. 
C[^\ akbari, of or relating to the Emperor 

Akbar; name of a sweetmeat; also of a gold coin 
worth a guinea and a half of our money, a. 

\^tif\ ikpechdy head-ornament. h.p. 

%Z^ "WV or Trf^ uhat or uktif f. speech, what 

is spoken, language ; contrivance, invention, ukat ba- 
nana, to make up a story, to invent, contrive, ukai L, 
to discover, to find out «. 

iJl^\ 'W% ukta, spoken, used in law documents 

for •* aforesaid, above named." «. 

\jj\::^\ 94Al4l uktdma, a. to promote, to 

fbrward. h, 

^jCS\ ^miTC uktdrUf an instigatort promoter. A. 

(jMiSb^t 1(m^H iktdRs, forty-one. k. 

U\I^\ QMIII uktdndf n. to fret, to be me- 
lancholy or dejected ; to be out of humour with, to 
be tired of, to tire. A. 

mj\*>tJ^\ iktisdb, m. gain, acquisition, a. 

\i^\ iktifdy f. sufficiency, contentment. iA- 
tifd-k,, to content one's self; to stop short, a. 

\ii^3S\ ^K^(^ /A-to A»8taring with a fixed look. s. 
^\ ysrsn a-kathy \ not to be spoken, 
ftjLAjk^ ^rami a-kaihya, J unfit to be men- 

*tioned ; unutterable, obscene, f . [grand{0ora). 

^JS\ akti, f. the agati tree {JEtchynomene 
{j^\ H[W?rN ihtis, thirty-one. A. 


^JLS\ ( 

k£S\ 'WVS nkatf contriTance, inveDtion. h. 

^iVSi 9VI«II uktand, a. to dig up slowly a 
fbiag which is hnried in the ground ; to extract a 
Moct gradnalljr and artfiiUy ; to pump. A. 

Iaai ^V^ffT ykatTia, to be dug up, &c. (neut 

ferm of tAl&ifi : a. to dig op). &. 

^^\ ^VTT ikathd, 1 together, in one 

^^^\ JWSXH iktkan, r and the same 
jj^^^\ ^[iiihci iktkaurd,] place, united, s. 

j»^\ aksar, most, many, much; ady. often, 

■aaanj, for the moat part, generallj. oAfor-aaM^ 
often, freqnentlj, generall j. a. 

aJ^jL^ akutriya, for the most part, chiefly, a. 
d»gr\ ^ivfn ikrchit, of one mind, unani- 

moaa^ without wavering. «. 

^^w}j < ^ Ar ITiWrnf*^ ik-ckhat rdj'k.f 
to nile everywhere. «. 

jH ^PR. a^kar, duty-free, exempt from duty, s, 
^>l ivm dkar, f. aboriginea; mine, quarry, 

aoaree; nonltitnde. t. 

j^l ^nv^oAar, f. the den of a lion or tiger; 

(eoq|iiiicL part, from ana), having come. K 

\ji\ wn akrdy dear, costly ; f* a kind of 
naaa ao caUed, a kind of vetch. A. 

^^1 ai^rom, (pi. of ^j> )» favours, kindnesses, 

Qibligatioaa; honour, respect a. 

JiS\ ikram, m. honouring, complimenting, 

trealiog with attention and oeremonj. a. 
i^\ ikrdh, f. horror, aversion, abhorrence. 

mAS\ Wimi akardydf f. ground not pro- 
perly deaned for reoeiTing the aeed. <. 
O/T WT^fir dkritif f. shape, figure ; like- 

nesB, image; the body; speciea. «. 

5jS^ W * Tw fl-ifert<rt»i,inartificial,not made.^. 

{^jl ^nv4 dkarshf m. attraction, fascina- 
tion ; a magnet, a loadstone ; spasm, s. 

%Z^J1»^ ^inif^ dkarshit, 1 attracted, 
cL-i|iT l»T|W fiArwilto, / drawn. #. 
v^jj Sjjrr WW^ a^ar^Aa^, m. a magnet, a 

locdstone, anything which attracts; adj. attractive. 
magnetic (also akarskik), 

(^A^ ^mriNr dharskaUf m. drawing, at- 

traction, s, 

y^^ ^mrtT akartl^i attractive. *. 
^j^P^ W^in a-harhas, soft, not hard, f . 
^»j^ akram, very kind, merciful, a. 
A^ ^nA o-AirrJii or a-Aarma,m. bad action, 

sin, vioe^ widcednesa. s. 

m/\ WTfSK akram, m. ascending, superiority ; 

svpaaring, snrmounllDg ; invasion, a seising, f. 

49 ) jS\ 

Up^ ^W^ a-Aarffta, idle, unoccupied. 8. 
(^1«^^ V^lAii O'kannakf intransitive (in 

gram.), t, 

4A«^\ tnr^fir a-karmanya, useless, unpro- 
fitable, good for nothing, s. 

i^j^^ V^'ff a-karmt, a wretch, sinner, s- 
^^1 vmfT a-kamt, inconsistent, indecent, 

unsuitable, not proper to be done. s. 

cL>j^n akroty m. (for ^^jj*'^), a walnut, s. 
jjl^l ^^ ^^^^9 no^ cruel, mild, humane, 

gentle. #• 

J^^ WHTP flAar, f. crookedness, strut, pride, 

conceit, airs. h. 

Vpt WIT akrdy stiff, affected, h. 
U]^! V W I H I altrdndyHAo distress, to impede. A. 

7 akar-bdZy an affected person, 

a fop, a swaggerer, akar-baxt, swaggering, foppish- 
ness. K p, 

C^^j^ W^TCTT^ akar'bd,%, f. the cramp. A. 
jO J^< ahar-pakar, 1 m. stateliness, af- 
jCjS^ akar-takar, > fected airs, pride, 
M^J^ahram'takram,} haughtiness. A. 
13^1 ViVVi^ akarnd, n. to writhe, to ache, to 

cramp, to be cramped, to become stiff or distorted, as 
one's limbs ; to strut affectedly, h, 

jk^\ ^^^SJ ukru, m. the posture of sitting on 

the hams with the soles of the feet on the ground. 
ukru btu^na, to sit on the heels with the knees ap« 
wards, h. 

jj^l WV akruy affected, proud, conceited. A. 



HJ^t W^l%ir akrait, an affected person, a 

swaggerer, a fi^. A. 

j\mS\ iksdvy (v. yah-sdr)j similar; of the 

aamesort h, [to trim (a lamp), h. 

ULMi\ 9MMI uksdnd, a. to excite, to ronse, 

^"LJ^ 1^W99 iksaj^f sixty-one. A. 

ji^\ iksar (for yaksar), single, in a body, all at 

once. p. 

Cj\^^\ WKWnt a'katmdt (lit. without a 

wherefore), immediately, aocidentally, eztempoie^ mi- 
expectedly, unawares, abruptly, t. 

\x0**i\ ^^HHIukagndy n. to be excited, moved ; 

to try to move, h, 

^^^\ aksij f. a tree, the leaves and pods of 
**which are eaten as vegetables; probably the same as 

jJUm^\ ihsiry alchemy, chemistry ; the philo. 

sopher's stone (or rather a calx of quicksilver used 
in transmuting metals to gold), an elixir, dust, flnngB. a. 

^j&^ 'V^ aksha, m. a die, cubic or oblong; 

the spots on dice, aktha-hhag, m. a d^ree of latituda a 

(j2^\ irfqr akshiy m. the eye. akshi-tdrd^ f. 
the pupil of the eye. ». 


( so ) 

{J^\ T^ ihhu, f, Biigar-cane. ikshtM'as, 

ID. the juioe of the sugar-cane, ikshu-sdr, m. molasses, 
raw sugar, ikshu-kandt m. a species of sugar-cane 
{saccharum munja). ikshu-mehi, diabetic «. 

(j&>Lli1 ^ra)^ akshdnsh, m. a degree of la- 
titude or longitude, s. 

(J1a^\ %nfW a-fukat, infallibley indelible; 

remaining, continuing, m. whole grains of rice used 
in religious ceremonies, fried grain, akthat-tilak, t 
the ceremony of putting a few grains of rice on fjie 
forehead of an idol when addressed, or of a Brihman 
when invited to an entertainment s. 

j^ ^nfK, akshar, m. a letter of the alphabet. 

akshari, lettered, writing a good hand. « 

cJ^^ Vi|)lc9 a-Au<^ZyUnlack jyiDaaspicioas.^. 
CJF^^^ f^^flft ikshumati, f. name of a river 

in Bengal, the Issamutty. s, 

^yi^y^\ imtr^irfi akshauhint, f. an army 

**(see aehchhauhint), t, 

^^^\ WierV a-hshay^ imperishable^ andecay- 

''able. akshayatd, t Imperishableness. akshay-brUcsh, 
m. an undecayable tree, akthay-lok, m. the imperish- 
able world, s. [abuse. «. 

caxSlTT wrilf^ dkshepy m. reproof, sarcasm, 
(J^ ahl^ m. food ; eatingf. akl-^shurb^ meat 

and drink, eating and drinking, a. 

(3^ t ^TJfV akul, confounded, perplexed, 

confused, distressed, chiefly used in compound words, t. 
iwt wni9T akld, fleet, swift ; peeyisb. h, 
^\ JW^ ihla, alone, single, (v. iklauta). h. 
(^^t ^['Rn^ tA/a,«, f. loneliness ; name of an 

artide of dress. A. 

U^t V^c^lvfl akuldnd, n. to be agitated, to 

be distracted, to be confused, to be out of order, to 
tire, to wearj, to be astonished, h, [made, s, 

duJil Wf?^ a-kalpit, not artificial, not 
iZjiSJ VfAGs^M dkulity agitated, distracted. 8. 
IaKT ll4i'(Q^ril dkulaidt f. agitation, distress, s, 
^1 ^9'V9«n ukalndj n. the intransitive of 

ukalna, to boil, be boiling. A. 

jiJl HvHc^^ a-kuUnty f. a woman of a 

**low caste or fiunilj ; adj. bad, base (woman). A. 

\iy6\ %%^((\ iklauta, 1 single, solitary, 
US^l lB^K0fK\ iklauntdf i alone. «. 

^Jf\ WTW^ dkUy f. motion, agitation (par- 

**ticularly of a carriage). A. 

^UK\ ^nr^VRH a-kalydny ominous, un propi- 
tious ; disconsolate, uncomfortable. «• 

(tf^AMJjSt 94^4l0 uklesarif of or relating to the 
town of Uklesar, fiuned for its paper manufacture. A. 

^^^\ jJil iktUu'l-jabalf m. (the crown of 
tiie mountain), an herb smelling like frankincense, 
rosemary, a. 

ISSJJJ! JaK\ imu-l-maliky m. (th^ king's 

crown), melilot. a. 


WSl V^^lfll a-kuRnd, of no family, pl» 

beian, oflow extraction ; ignoble. £ akuItuL «• 

J VI ikmdl, m. perfection, accomplishing, a. 
J-si! akmaly perfect, very complete, entire, 

fulL a. 

d a » M W^ifknr a-kampit, firm, unshaken. «. 
CIaA^I wr^rfNnr a-Aa97i^7,8haken,trembling.s. 

^*^ I mnuiff dkampan, m. shaking, trem- 
bling. », 

9^\ akmahy bom blind, a. 

^^ \ IVUFT dkan, grass and weeds collected 

from a ploughed field. A. [confines, sideai a. 

u-5li^aAw5/'(pLofu-iij), environs, borders, 

cilu^\ MW^PW a-kantak, free from thorns. *. 

^^ wftin^f a-kinchan, poor, needy, desti- 
tute, dkinchan, m. poverty. «. 

^jj^\ a^nvn, now, at present, p, 
jf\ IHR^ aAor, f. a bribe ; coaxing (a cow 

that has lost her calf, that she may be tractable). A. 

\S\y\ WJJW akoriy one who receives a bribe. A. 

J^ ahul (same as JU1)| a glutton, &c a. 
J^ vA9 aholy m. a plant, the oil of which 

is used in enchantments (iftofi^^nn A«x^«talmii). s. 

JJ^ W8F^ aAiran^,m.swallowwort (^«c20ptaf 

gigomttti), A. 

l^^t ^nW akhhy m. a riddle, a sieve; a bag 

filled with grain, of which two are carried by a bul- 
lock ; a pair of grain-bags used as a pannier. A. . 

^^\ TT^Mukhdry f. rooting up, extirpation. A. 
)j^^ V?rr|T akhdrdy m. a palaestra, or place 

for wrestling, a scene ; any place of assembly; ooor^ 
circus. Tndr kd akhaju^ Indira's court. A. 

Uy^S 1 9 « I s «i I uhhdrnd, a. to root up, to eradi- 
cate, dislocate. A. [eradicates. A. 
£p^^ '^^ ^kkdru, m. one who digs up or 

J^i^ 9Mi<^ ukhdly m. act of vomiting ; an 

emetic, ukhdl-pukhal (also ukhal waJehSl^ m. cholen- 
morbns, yomiting violently. A. 

^V^f 9fllc$«f1 uklidlnd, a. to vomit. A. 
^jjU»U^ VI^Mim^ dkhu-pashdriy m. a kind 

of mineral, a loadstone, c. 

(JIa^ I vriN4 or W'VV dkkaty akkatym. (same as 

akshai), whole or unbroken rice, employed in obla- 
tions, t. 

j<^ ^ITfPC ikhattary seventy-one. A. 
^^\ ^Wirtlf akhtxjy the 18th day of Bau- 

^foAA, a Hindu festival A. 

U^f ^9gi ikhatfdy together, in one place. A. 

Ui4>^ '9W;«n ukhatndy n. to trip, to stumble. A. 

jif^ lil^C oAAar (v. jiT), m. the den of a 

wild beast A. ^ 



( 51 ) 



j^ wmt ahhary plenty, abundance, d. 
^jdf^ ^irt orkkarh, tall, long, large, s. 
^4;^^ VW&T akhrotf m. a walnut ; the fruit 

34r» ^«f akhar, undisciplined (soldier), bar- 

bwovs. nnooath, uglj. A. 

ij^ ^«i akhra, rude, ill-shaped, ahhrd 

tta|t> Hi iU-fonned piece of writing, h. 

"T^fl^^ ^nflTTT ukhrdna, a. (same as ukhdrna)^ 

plnek up. eradicate, h. 
^>/A^' 9irf^ ukhapia, n. (intr. otukhdrnd), 

to be rooted up, nlncked up. raised up; to slip out (as 
a Done, Stc), vAAopia pukharna, to be plucked or 
roctedvp. k, [whole, all, every. ». 

%y^ ^^^ or ^rffr^ a-khal or a-hhil, the 

%y^ ««^ ukhal, ^ m. & f. a wooden mor- 
,^4^ T^H^ tiAA/i, J tar fo 

**or other grain. #. 

^-»4^^ ^Vm ukhmaj (for T^^ni t<«.^ma;), 

^ gnats, flies, musquitoes, kc, insects produced bj 
n««t. *. [whole. *. 

for pounding rice 

»yi^^ WS^ a^hhand, unbroken, entire, the 
d*^ Jo^ V^OUff a-hhandit, unbroken, con- 

tinnoiis; unrefuted. «. 

^^j^ 1 ^nvl7 akhot, m. the walnut tree. A. 
^j^^ V^IR ahhaiy eyerlasting, not liable to 

"decay. akhM-har or dkhai^brikh, the undecayable 
tree. «. 

Vjl^T 1^W^T oA/i^a, f. name, appellation, s. 
C-'l^A^T 1114mA dkhydtf said, spoken ; deno* 

minatfd. named. «. 

C^U^ inRITW Orkhydty unknown, obscure. $. 
do^T inirz akheU ™* (▼• aA^**), the chase, 

Imnting. pursuing; terror, fright i. 

v^ A jL^I wrarf^ dkketih, m. a hound. «• 
U^A^ 9?j^Yf!T ukherndf a. to eradicate, to 

plnck npb root upi A. Qducknp. A. 

^^jji^\ 9ftflMI ukherwana, a. to cause to 
Vj5) v4hn akaiydy m. one of the sacks or 

baakets of a pannier. A. 

O^ VlAfi Orkirtif f. infamy, disgrace. «. 
^^oil l^qfhei ikklMf twenty-one. A. 
3lU^ H^^T akeld, alone, single, solitary, ft. 
UU^ 94ic#«|T uA^ina, a. to turn up. h. 

c^ t WPT a^y f. fire ; a^ uthdndf a. to raise 

disturbance, to enrage, to provoke, ag bag-h, to be 
hotly e nn ^fsd. ag Imjhdna, a. to extingniw ; to ap- 
pease a tumult, to pacify a quarrel, to sUU resentment. 
tf barasnot n. to ram fire (applied to the extreme heat 
€1 the sun. or to a hot fire of cannon or musketry in 
battle)' ag baruS, n. to be enraged ; to be rery auffry. 
ig bkarkanA, a. to inflame. &g okaknd and ag phankna, 
a. to speak idle wordHi to boast, ag pofrtd, n« to be 

enraf ed ; as meri baton m tu-par Sg parti hai, he Is en- 
raged at my words, ag dena, a. to apply the fire, to 
burn a HindQ corpse, ag wlgand, a. to inflame, to 
excite sedition, to foment a quarrel clandestinely, ag" 
karna, a. to make any thing exceedingly warm ; to 
excite envy or anger (used among women), dg lagana^ 
to set fire to^ to inflame ; to enrage, to raise disturb- 
ance, ag lagake pant le daapid, a. to play tricks, to 
deceive; to pretend to appease a quarrel which one 
has purposely excited, aglagnd, n. to teke fire, to be 
enraged, to be very hungry, dg lage par billt kd milt 
dhun4hnd or mdngnd, a. to put off, to delay, or excuse 
one's self on vain pretences (the literal translation, 
though highly expressive, would sound somewhat 
mustp). dg hne ko dnd, n. to come to get fire, is spoken 
of a friend who goes to visit another, and leaves him 
quickly, dg men pdnt ddlnd, a. see dg bujhdnd. dg 
mei^ kisi^ kl Jalnd, or lofnd, or ^Aotr ki dg meAjalna^ 
a. to bring reproach upon, to accuse, to suffer for 
another, dg meik lotnd, n. to be afflicted with grief or 
melancholy, dg hond, n. to be enraged; or, as the 
Vulgate hath it, " to flare up." *. 

viz 1 5/;, m. Dak ban i, for dk, q.v. 

Is I ^rPIT dgd^ m. the front, the space in front 

of a house ; the fore part of a turban, dga lend, to 
take the lead, or precede. «. 

^y ^^t^\Sl ^Hi irtw mK9[\ dgd-picklid'k. 
n. to hesitate, io waver, boggle,demur, to prevaricate. A. 

s^^^^X'Wi otWPW^ a-gadk or dgddh, bottom- 
less, unfathomable, agddhatd, £ extreme depth, un- 
fathomability. t, 

j\S\ irPTR agar, m. a house. «. 
JS\ miR agdr, avarice, covetousness. d. 
^j^\ ^tR^ igdrah, eleven, igdrahwdn, the 

eleventh. #. [advance, a. 

j^o I ^I'liO dgdrt, f. money, &c., paid in 
Vj^\ VrrafI agdrdy m. the name of a plant 

said to cure the bite of vencmious reptiles {AchyroMthei 
Oipera). Same as cAircAira. A. 

t^fjfol wnrA agdfi, before,, forward, further 

on; f. the ropes with which a horse's feet are tied; 
the front, the fore-part, agdjri mdrnd, to attack in 
front, to defeat a hostile army in pitched battle, agdfi 
pickhdfi lagdndf to confine (particularly a horse). A. 

(^o\ agds (v. dkds), the sky, &c. d. 
^^w ^ Vrnft agdst, m. f. a turban ; a terrace 

in front of an upper room ; the cry of a kite. A. 
VIT9 ^aly m. that which is spit out 

after chewing any thing (particularly betel leaf), dp 
kd ugdl merd adhdr, your worship's leavings are my 
nourishment, ue. you are my support and benefactor. A. 

^j^W^I ^Tigf^ni ugal-ddnf m. a spit-box. h. 
^^oT VPTPrt dgdmtf coming, about to come; 

** future, «. 

Uof IPTRT ugdnd, a. to raise, cause to grow, s, 

jo) ^PTHl agdfUj adv. before, in front. dgdfU^ 

jdnd, to advance in order to meet a person coming on 
a visit ; m. an advance of money, t. 

BoT dgdh, informed of, acquainted with, in- 
telligent, p, [to accumulate, t. 

Ulbl^I T^Ht^ ugakndy a. to collect, to gather, 

^oT dgdhx, f. intelligence, wariness, p, 
- k2 



( fi2 ) 

'^ol '^iwSt ugahtf f. usury ; the trade of 

lending money on interest of one fourth, the payment 
of which is received by instalments, fu 

0»^ I ag-hoty a steamboat. The latter part of 

this term is English, the former signifies « fire." K 
(A word like this can hardly with propriety be in- 
serted in a Dictionary ; but it is now so commonly 
used, that it may be considered a naturalized HindQ- 
st&nl term.) Binning. 

«J1aA> I IPTK a^guptttf unhidden, unconcealed, s. 

oil Tmf ttgat, growing) springing up; 
production, h, 

ij^\ vrfv a^gatij dishonoured, disgraced, 

without character; one whose funeral ceremonies are 
not performed; £ distress, disgrace, inccmvenience^ 
damnation, condemnation. «. 

%Z^\ VPTir agaty come, arrived, s, 
jS^ VHR agatiary coming, arriving. «. 
^\ wn^'agtl (for ^y^l), the agati tree. 8. 
iJiJ^ ^tcnz agatj m. al)utcher'8 stall, h, 
Ha^I ^nn^ agatndy a. to collect or assemble. 

ugatna, a. to revile, to give abusive language. A. 

£\ agavy if, though, although, when. p. 
S\ %Fnx agoTy \ m. wood of aloes, a kind 
j?l VT^ aguruy J of fragrant wood, agal- 

lochum {Aquillaria agallocha) : another tree which pro- 
duces bdellium {Amyru agallocfia); the iitu tree {Dal- 
bergia sisoo); light, not heavy, s. 

£\ ^ir ugray m. wrath, anger; adj. wrathful, 

cruel, savage. #. 
S\ ^ni agray m. the forepart of a thing ; 

adj. prior, first, agra-gamt^ preceding ; m. forerun- 
ner, agra-grat, m. the first morseL pgra-tar, m. a 
guide; adj. preceding, s. 

SI WUlt agary m. a salt-pit. k. 

\S\ tm ugra, angry, cruel, wrathful. *. 

j\S\ agrdr, m. a village inhabited entirely by 

Br&hmans ; the quarter of a town or village occupied 
by BriUimana. a. [leL s. 

{^jt»\S\ aggros (for o^ra-^ro*), m.the first mor- 
iji»\S\ wni dgragy l^m. victuals offered 

^^\^\ ^nrnnf agrasauyj in oblations, sa- 
crifices, &C. to the gods. j. 
9:>J\ agarchiy although, though, p. 
y^S^ ^nUR agra-savy m. he who goes first, a 

leader, a chief, t. 

mey*»S\ ^WTT^ft^ agra'soch, m. providence, 
foresight, precaution, forethought. *. 

tg>'y*»S^ " ^lUHt^ t agra-sochly provident, en- 

" dued with foresight, t. 

^£\ agrUf a species of bird, the thrush, d* 

^\jfj^ Wi<<4l^l agar-waldy a race of mer- 
chants, of the Vais tribe (from Agroh&, a place to the 
westofDihlT). *. 


</JLr^ a</-rtt,i, f. fire-cotton* u e. tinder, dm 
Spl agra, m. the city of Agra ; also called 

Akbar-Ab&d. h. 

\J>\ Unrf agrah, m. favour ; seizing, sur- 
passing, surmounting ; power, ability. «• 

;^.li^/T «II4I^|I|IQ agralidyatiy m. the first 
month of the HindQ year (November^-Deoember). s. 

{^}^^ I Vlil^N^ agrahayanty f. the day of 

full moen in the month Agrahayan ; a oonsteUatiQa of 
three stars, the first of which is Ononis, figured by an 
antelope's head ; hence also mrig-thirtu. i. 

grp I wnS" a^ari, If. the colour of the 
U^l WilPijm agariyciy) wood of aloes. «• 

gr/TvPnIt agariy m. a manufacturer of salt.A. 

J^t agar (for ahafy q.v.), strut, pride, d. 

]5> I VTTVT agray m. an ear of com or rice 
which has been blighted, h, 

j^^^ wnfVTf agar-bagafy m. trifling em- 
ployment, or talk ; trifles, trash ; acy. promiscuous, 
composed of odds and ends, h, [lamp. A 

\j\^\ ugsdndy to snuff a candle, to trim a 
Cam*^ ^Vnfisr agasti (for agastya), m. a sage 

celebrated in HindQ mythology : he is represented d 
short statui«, and to have been bom in a water- jar ; 
he is famed for having swallowed the ocean when it 
had given him offence. At his command the Vindhya 
mountain prostrated itself, and so remains. Name of 
a tree {JEichytwmene grandifiora) ; name of a star (C*- 
nopus). f. [tribe of ra;-pi/s; k, 

}i^LJi\ WIU^K agasirvdry name of a small 
J^T dgaly before, in front. agcUy m. a bar 

or bolt, d, 
'iS\ im^T agld, prior, preceding, former, the 

foremost, the first, the chiefs the best; ancestor, an- 
cient ; other, second, next, k, 

lI1«o^T WT^IHf dgaldnty up to the neck, s, 

U^l 7n^nn ugalndy a. to spit out, to vomit; 
met to refund property surreptitiously obtuned. <. 

jS\ VTTT dgam, m. futurity ; a Hindu scrip- 

ture dictated by Mahftdeva; a shastra containing 
spells and incantations ; a shastra or work on sacred 
science; (in law) a voucher or document agam-baudk- 
ndf to determine the future, to foretell. d^am-jSm 
or ogem-gAyanl, having the skill of foreknowing, nro- 
gnosticator. agam^bidydt f. the art or science of fore- 
telling, dgam-baktdt foreteller, predictor ; Shiva, one 
who tells the doctrines of dgam, s, 

^ IBflH a-gam, for wn^ a-gamya, impas- 

sable, impervious, bottomless, deep, unfordable, unao- 
oomplishable, incomprehensible, unattainable, s. 

^\ TTH ttguniy m. growing, becoming, d, 
^^\ WT^nf dgaman, m. coming, arriving, 

proceeding, s. 

luTT milHH T dgmand, m. the advanced 

guard; adj. adventuious, venturesome; forward, 
early (as fruit). «. 



tgS\ ^n>nA agamif m. one who foretells tbe 
9xS^ wmi a^gamya, deep ; impassable, inac- 

eeanbIe,impenetnUe, impervious, s. 

^^ ^rf^ agni (vulg. agin), m. fire; tbe south* 

cast ; (in HiodQ mjrthology) god of fire, and regent of 
the aoQth-eait quarter; auo the name of one of the 
PunUiaa; the fire of the stomach, the digestive fa- 
culty, appedte. agni-ban, m. arrow of fire, a rodcet 
agni-prastar, m. fira-stone, flint. (^i-parlksMt f. the 

ilerj ordeal, by a heated iron or boiline oil, or passing 
through fire. agni-taiuAdrt m. funenu ceremonies, as 
buming a dead body, or an v ceremony performed with 
ooDsecratedflre. si^l-^orftaaora^iitHNaai, m.the sun- 
siDoe, u frbttlous gem, supposed to contain solar 
hcut. «. 

^*^ wf^ agin, m. tbe name of a bird ; sort 
oflMk. &. 

^JS\ wn a-gun, unskilful^ ineffectual, void 

of good qualities; m. a defect, a fiiult «. 

U^ ^'TfT ugna, n. to grow, to spring (as 

planta) ; to rise (as the moon), ugte h* jaljand, to be 
vitbeted as soon as it springs up, is appUed to a hope 
or expectation which b masted in the bud. A. 

58 ) ^ 

jfi\ ^S^'iiK.agaur, m. an advance of rent. A.. 

jy\ nW^ agor, 1 m. one wbo watcbes 

^,jy^ vftfiHI agoriyaj over tbe crops, &c. 

agor'bafd,i, a division of the crop after reapiug. h, 

^jy^ wftMf agomd, a. to watcb, to guard. A. 
\)y^ inWbn agoriya, m. watcbman, or 

guard, (v. agor), h, 

^J^^ ^^ ^'Q^tK easy, manifest, evident, 

agur^hha,o, open, honest, candid. «• 

{^jy^ ^tnit^agofi oV^vit^agori^m advance, 

beforehand, h. [m. A. 

\^y\ whc^HI agolnd, a. to watcb (v. agar- 
i^^\ W^it^agaund, tbe top of tbe sugar-cane 

cut up for seed, t, 

^Jy^ ^W^ihrt agaunt, f. tbe going or sending 

"forward to meet and receive a visitant with honour. 
agaunt-k,, to advance to meet the bridegroom At a 
wedding, or a visitant on the road. A. 


^UJi^ ^rfWinnr agni-ban, m. a kind of fiery 

miaaile, a rocket. «. 

J \i^J^ vDn^m agin-ba,o (or agni-bd,o), f. 

tlie taxcj, in horses; an eruptive disease in men ; ery* 
aipelaa. «. [counted. «. 

v!!r - ^ finflUA a-ganit, innumerable, not 

1^^^ agandan, to fill, to cram. p. 

i^iSS\ irf^ifiF agnik, m. an insect of a scarlet 

ooloor, tbe ladj-bird. «. 

^y »i'.G iiOvi^fl agni'kotri, m. a Brabman 

rfao wiattitiiinM a pcrpetual fire in his house, s. 

agntf f. (see ^Kf^H agni), fire, &c. s, 

^\ mflagu, forward, before ; beretofore. A. 
\J\ ^mf agnMy foremost ; m., also agupa, a 

goide, a forerunner, harbinger | one who adjusts a 
marriage. A. 

\S\ WRT agn>a, also agu,a, m* a pommel, h. 
jU^ ^mR agmar, a portion of com set apart 

for village servants, like the customary "sharping 
cam" in England. A. 

^S\ Wl^lfl agmdrdf m. tbe front, tbe fore- 
part; the space in front of a house. A. 

^aI^ IfJim^A agmdn, tbe body of tbe 
'pkmi^iahare. A. [binger (see d^fioa). A. 

aJ^S\ Wim«A agwdiUf m. a guide, bar- 
^V^t H'mifl agn>dhl,\f. burning, confla- 
^S\^ V1^ agwdyh J gration (of a city, 

forastpiw.). A. [ship. $, 

{j^S\ ^vni^ agwdft, f. guidance, leader- 
^S\ vit^C a-gochary imperceptible, unseen, 

invinble ; m. the Invisible, Supreme, i. 

^) WV agh, m. sin, guilt, wickedness, s. 

^T agah (for dgdh\ informed, wary. jp. 

(JL^l^f V^T7 a-ghat, m. land held in perpe- 
tuity and not alienable, t, 

J^ W^K aghdr (v. agar), avarice, rf. 
jV^ I vnrnc dghdr, m. sacred food, wbich 

HindOs place before an idol ; ghl, or clarified butter. A. 

{£j^^ VinS aghdri, affected witb avarice. A. 
)f^ "Vmil aghdrdy m. name of a plant said 

to cure the bite of venomous reptiles. A. 
lijl^ TVT¥tn ughdrnd, a. to discover, to un, 

veil, to pull off. A. [or unveils. A. 

jlj^\ '^HL ^^^T^ ™' <>^® ^^<> discovers, 
Ul^l wwnn aghdnd, a. to surfeit, to satiate ; 

n. to surfeit, to be satiated; Bdj. satiated; rich, 
affluent A. 

{^^^ ^m% aghd,t, f. satiety, surfeit. A. 
bj4^ T^lpn ugharnd, n. to be uncovered, 

opened, pijled off. A. 

f^f^ VW^ aghmay, sinful, i. 

^^1 WTf^ agkan, m. tbe name of tbe eigbtb 

Hlnda month (during which the sun is in Scorpio, and 
the moon is full near Orion's head (November— De- 
cember), s. [grass. A. 

L/*^ c;4^ ^ ^rfW ^^ra aghin-ghds, m. lemon 

(.fJlM^U^^ «MHI||# agh-ndshak, adj. puri- 
fying, freeing from sin. f . 

fj^\ VTf^ aghanl, relating to aghan ; tbe 

produce of that month. > aghantfafl, the cold harvest 
weather. *. [terrible, t, 

jj^ witt. aghar, m. a name of Sbiva ; adj. 

,42i>j^\ Wltc4^ aghor-panth, m. a parti- 
cular religions order among Hindus, t. 

i^jy^ iNW aghon. 

M } 




Ij, professing aghorpanth, an order of relirious men- 
dicants, who eat every thing, however mthj, even 
hnman carcasses ; hence, a gross or filthy feeder, t. 

(^j^\ ^^0 aghorty coyetouB, greedy, d, 
^^^^ dgaht, f. (v. agdkl), information^ &c. p, 
^j\ wnt age, before, beyond, more, ago, al- 

- ready, in future, formerly, forwards, onwards ; hence, 
or henceforth, rather, sooner, age dhar-lend, to get 
before, to outstrip, to surpass, to pass (as a horse in a 
race), age-ana, to come forward ; to return, to revert ; 
a. to hasten, to accelerate. age4and,Xx> bring forward, 
to advance. «. 

^\ age \ O thou ! (applied to a female), d. 

U> I mVT or ^r^ dgyd, agyd (or agnyd), f. com- 
mand, order, agjfd-patr, m. an edict, a written order. 
agyd-bhang, m. disobedience, insubordination, dgyd' 
kdr, or dgyd-karh obedient, executing orders, t. 

bpi wHI agaiyoy a disease which affects the 
rice plant, which thereby is parched up. h. 

^\ hOrt agiydy m. the name of a bird 

{Alauda Aggia, Buck.). $. 

\j\lx>\j£\ wm^HI^ agyorbaitdl, m. a demon 

who rules over fire, h, 

C->\jol WfllR a-gyat or a-gnydta, unknown, 

inexperienced, ignorant, simple, agikydta-jauband or 
'yauwand, f. a full-grown girl, arrived at maturity, and 
surprised at the symptoms which then appear, not 
knowing to what to attribute her sensations, s. 

t^j^^ WniP9 agydriy f. kindling the fire at 
the time of devotion (by Hindas). A. 

Qji*l^?U?l agyd-ghds, m» lemon grass, d. 

^^UJi ^qiin a-gydn or a-gnydn, witless, igno- 
rant ; m. ignorance, s, 

uU? I VimiffT agydndf a. to burn vessels of 
metal for the purpose of cleaning them. h. 

^jJ^Ij6\ V9l«iMf| a-gydn-pan, state of igno- 
rance. 9. [pidity. t, 

^^^ U^rnnn a-gydnatd, f. ignorance, stu- 
(3^1 ^Bnsrrsft a-gydnl, ignorant, unwise, s. 

^^yjpf agetl, f. a chafing-dish, or brazier ; also 

"a flower-pot. d, 

•^^aTI ^tAlX dgaira, m. the first sheaf of the 

crop, presented to the zamindir. h. 

^j;^?! dgtUf full (used in comp.). p. 

*wl Wljr a-gya, idiot, stupid, ignorant, s. 

J^ aly the, the Arabic definite article (yide 

Hind. Gram, page 18). a. 

J^ ^sf^ alij m. a large black bee, a scorpion, 

an Indian cuckoo {eueuUu indicus), a crow, spirituous 
liquor. 9, 

JT WT^ dly f. the name of a tree, from the 
root of which a red colour is extracted for staining 
leather, dyeing silk, &c {Morinda citr\folia) ; m. yel- 
low orpiment. h. 

Jl dl, f. children, progeny, descendants, off- 
spring, race, dynasty. N.B. dl is commonly used to 
express a race or fiunily by the mother's side ; in oosft- 
tradistinction to ou/aa, a race kc by the father** 
side. (Binnmg). a. 

J I ^nf^ oZt, f. a female friend, a damsel. <• 
jn "wicpi did, m, a small recess in a pillar or 

wall, for holding a lamp, &c. ; adj. wet ; running («a 
a sore^ ; land saturated with (rain) water ; a basSi or 
hole dug at the root of a tree. A. 

^^ ^WT illd, m. a wart, h, 

^\ tlldy besides, except, otherwise, unless* if 

not ; sometimes a superfluous negative na ia added to 
this particle, a. 

<--^^ 1 1I1$IV or ^V9rV dldp, (corruptly aldp\ 

f. prelude to singing ; m. interooulte, conversation, 
association ; enumeration of the questions in an arith- 
metical or algebraic sum. 9. 

5)b5lT dld'pdld, m. the leayes of trees, d. 
yF;Wc-^^| VI<j^m^lO dldp'chdri, f. the act 

of tuning the voice previous to singing. 9. 

U/i/) W^IMHI aldpnd or VI<jSIM«1l dldpna, to 

tune the voice, to run over the difl'erent notes previous 
to singing, to catch the proper key, to sing, to tune, c 

0^1 dldt, n. (pi. of C*JT), tools, instru- 
ments, ntensils, apparatus, a. 

^j3^\ aldtuni, yague, undetermined, d, 

l»-^1 ildchd, m. a kind of silk and thread 

doth. d. 

j^^j^^i ^9^ ildcki, f. large cardamums. 

" ildchl-bdi^fndt to distribute cardamums, a kind of mar- 
riage or wedding ceremony. iJocAt-pon^fi. a kind of 
wild fruit ildchi-bon^d or -^oro, capsule of cania- 
mums. f7dcAi-<fane, a kind of sweetmeat. A. 

U}^) 9(i^K«il uldmd, a. to cause to sleep. A. 
c^\ uldghf m. an owl. t 

^\ uldkf f. a kind of small boat. p. 

^^^\ aldkt f. (pi. of vA)^),que8tions,problems ; 

"misfortunes, a. [to one side. «. 

U) 3I 9^ lentil uldlnd, a. to overset, to lay oyer 
aVI a/am(pl.of J\),care8,griefs,misfortune8.a« 
^^\ al-amdn, m. mercy, quarter; calling 

for quarter in battle, a. [Claudian). L 

^U^\ aldmdn, a German (Lat. Alemanni, 
^JVl Vl<3^1tf dldn, m. the post to which an 

elephant is tied, or the rope that ties him. s. 

^j^\ al'dn, now, the present time, al-dn kamd 
kdna, now as formerly; just as heretofore, as usual, 
as formerly, a, 

\}>i\ ^wi«fT aUdnd, n. to bawl, to scream, to 

squeak. A. 

\j>)i\ Udnd, m. race, family, kindred, uldm^ 

act of what is vulgarly called '* throwing up in one's 
teeth," or " reminding one of former services." 


( 65 ) 



yli M^n aldfO, 1 m. a bonfire* flame, a 
ijji ^fii«ii alldwot f blaze: it also denotes a 

Sji^^ ^i9^ olama^ J fireplace, especially ap- 
plied to a hole in the front of the shade where the 
parmphemalia of the Muharram show are deposited, 
and in which a fire is lighted every evening during the 
fieatiTal. Jk. 

VAl^^^ 94lf«VI utahndf m. reproach, chiding, 

oompljunt. A. 

\;^Jin ^^PTVT Uayacha, m. (v. ilacha), a kind 
of doth woven of silk and thread, t. 

^^^ ^<^I4^1 Hdfeckt or ilm/achinf f. 
ardamomsL #. 

^^^J3l alayish^ f. filth, pollation. p, 

iJVjJl m^^lc^ albalt m. a circular basin round 

the root of a tree for the purpose of watering it t. 

«jjJ\ al'batia, certainly, indeed, yerilj. a. 
\jMi\ aBmrZf a celebrated mountain in Hama- 

dio, in Peraia, famous among the fire-worahippera. p. 

^l*^^ V^^^l a26A«2a,1 artless, simple, inno- 
^Lu)1 1I4^<$I atbddy J cent ; m. a fop, a 

bean, albdi, a helle, a coquette, albel-pan^ or albel- 
pama, foppblmeBS, firivolit j, airs and blandishments, h, 

^^\ W^ alp, little, small, few, short, alpata, 

£ amallness, minuteness, insignificance, alpahar, mo- 
derate, abstemious ; m. moderation, alpdhart, mode- 
zsteL o^ya, short-lived; young. a/p-&i«MA», ignorant, 
ailly. tUp-hal, feeble, of httle strength, alp-prabhdo, 
inaignifiont, of little weight, alp-praman, of little 
authority, alp^amdnakt credulous, resting on little 
evidence; of little weight. al^sKaktit weak, feeble. 
alp-mSir, a little only ; a short tmie, a few moments, s, 

iSuJt ulpaty m. name of a stroke in sword- 
play ; a reflex or inverted blow. A, 

^2^\ alpinf m. (vide alftriy &c.), a pin. d. 
iJlJT alaty f. a tool, an instrument, appara- 

ratns ; the running rigging of a ship ; a rope (in the 
lingo of Indian seamen), membrmm virile f wretnan 
atumaiuoL, a, 

IDt V9ITT or Wl^ilT alta or dltOy m. cotton 


(ji»Vjj3\ iliibas, being obscure, ambiguity, 

perplexity, ** double entendre." a, 

\ifi^ Utija, f. a request ; flying to in cases of 

necesnty ; a petition, refuge, protection. Utija^bwdan, 
to seek refuge, a. 

^^\ iltizdm, m. being necessary, expedient, 
being assiduous, taking on one's self. a. 

OIaj3^ iltifdi, f. friendship, kindness, obli- 
gation, courtesy, respect ; (in rhetoric) an apostrophe.a. 

^jmUj3) iltima.% m. f. beseeching, petitioning, 

supplicating, prayer, request a. 

\k^\ tdtam^^ or aUavi^a, m. aTurkish word, 

signifying the red patent, the impression of the impe- 
rial seal affixed to grants Ike being in red ink. It 
is a grant of land under the royal seal, conveying the 
property to the first proprietor and his heirs, in per- 
petuity, and escheating to ^vemment only in default 
of issue, or forfeited by delmquency. It also denotes 
a kind of tax levied on travellers. Among the Turks 
it signifies a stamp on gold or silver plate, to certify 
its being of standard purity. See further, Wilson^s 
Glossary. /. 

^J^\ ^Hgfifirt altanif f. the rope round the 

"neck of an elephant, in which the driver puts his feet, 
as in stirrups, h, 

\i^\ Utiwdy hanging back, procrastinating, 

deferring, a. [ment, &c. A. 

\^\ ^<9^i ulthdf m. translation (of a douu- 

c^l^\ iltihdby m. burning, heat. a. 

U^\ 99^RT ulathndf n. to undulate, to be 

agitated (as the ocean by storms)» A. 

aVju3\ iltit/dm, allaying, soothing, curing, a. 

sJLi\ 797 ulat, m. act of upsetting or over- 
turning, h. 

VSJi 9f^Z{ ukd, reversed, turned back; re- 
verse, contrary, opposite; m. pease-puddiu^, a kind of 
pudding made 01 the meal of any pulse, ulfd^ulfd, 
topsy-turvy, higgledy-piggledy, all in confusion, h, 

wlji31 99SMI ultdfidy a. to turn upside down, 

pervert, overset, overturn, thwart, h. 
UUb 13U5\ 9c$^l<n Mc^^HI ultdnd pultdnd, a. 

to reverse, modify ; to interchange, h, 

(JLJjcLJ^ "W^fZVflgZ ulat pulat, higgledy-pig- 
gledy, topsy-turvy ; f. confusion; interchange ; decep- 
tion, imposition, h, [flower. A. 

Jyia)\ T^fT^T^ ulat-kanmaly ra. name of a 

US)\ '9^^Hr ulatnd, a. to pervert, to subvert, 
to thwart, to overturn, to reply ; n. to be reversed. 
ulaf-jana, (Dakh.), to be proud, h. 

\j\^\ ulthdndf a. (same as ultdnd), to per- 
vert, upset, &C. h. 

cLJj ^\ uldth-palat (v. ulat-palat). h. 
U^\ vlathnd (v. ulatnd), to turn, &c. tdtJie- 

pdtOik, on returning, ulphd mar, a reverse blow or back 
stroke. «//Ai taJ^tr, a perverted speech or declaration. 
tUfhi sanu^ht a perverse or absurd idea. A. 

f^ al'ju*! interj. used in complaining of 

hunger ; lit the hunger ! a, 

^^^ 79^^ uljhdndy a. to entangle; to 
ravel or entwist (as thread), to involve, to embroil, k 

j^4^ ^^W^ uljhdyOy m. entanglement, per- 
plexity. A. 

UW^ajH^^^ 4<j^Hk.M<ji*it.9IMI ulajh^ulajh-j.^ 
n. (see ultyhnd, to be entangled, &c.). A. 

^o^ 9<^H0? vljharif f. involution^ the state 

of being entangled, complication, a. 

U^af 79Hk.«ll ulajhnd or ilajhndy n. to be en- 
tangled, to be involved in a quarrel or difficulties ; to 
quarrel, to debate. A. 



( M ) 


\xh^ 991%^ uljherd or i^hera, m. the state 

of being entangled (see tUjhan). h, 

l^ V9^«fT ulachnd, a. to throw out the 

water firom anj thing ; to drain. A. 

^W' Uhahf importunity, urgent Bolicitation.a. 
ibW ilhadfimpietjt heresy , idolatry ; atheisniy 

unbelief (as to the Mnealman faith), a. 

^J./0W^ al'haiilf in shorty in fine. a. 
^l:^' Uhdhf m. addition, junction, coupling, a. 
J\^* aUhaU now, at present; just now. a. 
^US'^on, m. note, sound, modulation, tune, 

an air in mnaic. aUSn (pi. of Id^n), musical notes, 
melodies, a. 

j^ al-hazar, (used as an interjection) he- 
ware ! have a care 1 a, 

)^JSL^* al-haftzj (lit. the Protector), interj,. 

God preserre us ! a, 

^j^ al-hak or aJ'hdkhf true, right ; in truths 

verilj, the truth is. a. 

&U iX^ (U-hamdU'liUdhiy God he praised ! a. 
J\ oliMy (a contraction of S|>-l ^\) used 

in the sense of *' et csetera, and so on." a. 

j;I\ib alkhdlah f. a coat, vest, garment, a. 

\J\jS\ alddna, to scream out, to shriek. cL 
Upi ^r^TTT tdamaf n. to lie down, to rest. A. 
'ji\ alar^ imperfect, not grown up. d* 
tj\% tU wsmar* alar-bular, f. trifling talk or 

employment A. 

m\^\ ilzdm, m. blame, reproach ; conviction, a. 

^jJ\ H^ir or m^V <^^» ^' ni. laziness, 

drowsiness, sloth ; acy> lasj, slothful, drowsj. «. 

bUJt ^l^rrnn aUdnd, n. to be drowsy, to 

dose, to slacken, t, 

vJLuJ\ W^^'ilT alatat or alastdy or alastd^gi 

or aba/i. f. apathy, elodi, indolence, s. 

^^LJ^ al-saldm, farewell^ peace or safety be 

upon thee 1 a. [gnages. a, 

ftjuJf aZn'na (pi. of ^UJ), tongues, Ian- 
ftJuJt im^^^l dUuya, m. laziness, adj. lazy. 

(seeoto). f. [slothful, t, 

^^^J\ Wl^!^ or ^n^lrt dUu^h dlasi, drowsy, 
^*Ji V^TOft ahlf f. linseed. (Xtnum usitaiis' 

"simum. h, [perior. t, 

^\ ulash or uhuhj m. the leavings of a su- 

u^Ua3t altdf m. (pi. of u-ila)), kindnesses, 
favours, a. 

«3jmS\ aU*ahd, a form of counter-signature by 
a subordinate cleric or officer ; lit. the slave or serrant.a 

aULJ&iJ^ aPazamatU'UUdhit great is (rod, an 

ejaculation expressive of surprise, fear, denial, ke, . «. 

j\ii\ il^dr or cd^drf m. rapine, derastation, 

as during the inroad of a hostile army; the foreed 
march of an army through a district jx 

{j^>/i\ al-^j^rag, in short, upon the wholes in 

a word, finally, a. 

^yi\ al^uxa, m. a whistle, pipe; or small 

flageolet p. 

c^Uii)\ al^fydff m. complaint, complaining, 
demanding justice, inteij. alas ! help 1 a. 

u.^jJi)^ aJrghflibi that which is hidden, secret, 

or mvsterions. oH-^b/^f^ 'ifui aUatd, God knows what 
is liidden. a. 

\^\ alf, a thousand, alif, the first letter of 

the Arabic or Persian alphabet o- 

\ii\ alfdt m. a kind of dress worn by faktrt^ 

like a sliirt without sleeves, and open at the sides, a. 

)b\ii\ cdfd^, m. (pi. of lafl)), words, articulate 
sounds, terms, a. 

^(»^\ aUf-be or alif-'bd-td, f. the alphabet. p. 

.. . 

(JIaA]^ ulfat, f. friendship, affection, attach- 
ment kindness, familiarity, intimacy, a, 

lukoll dlufta, astonished, frantic, insane, p, 
sjjj f^^^J^t ulfati-banda, attached from friend- 


ship (a slave or servant), a. p. 

^\ alfi, f. see \ii\ alfd (cloth, &c.) covered 

**with marks like the letter al\f, a. 

^^t alfi^ f. a pin^ (so called in Dak- 

C->Ua)l alfindt, * hani) : the word is appa- 
jii\ aljinni, J rently Portuguese. 
Ui)\ ilkd, m. throwing down, flinging. t2/ia,s 

^ar, throwing a stone, an offence prohibited bv the 
Mu^ammadan law, whereby the person throwmg a 
stone at any article was compelled to purchase it a. 

\^\Si\alhdb (pi. of c^j^), m. titles, honorary 

names ; forms of address. Sec., in letters, a. 

&«aa)1 aUhtssa^ in short, in one word. a. 
i^\ V9^ (dak^ f. a lock of hair. s. 
cdJJI alak^ aside, apart, d. 
^\ TQI7 idkdj f. a firebrand; a meteor, 

flame, fire. «. [curls. 

\^j6i\ Vcj^ikl^Pcji alakdvali, f. a row of aide 
(J^^ Iff^^ alak$h,\ invisible, unseen : a 
0^^ ^r^V alakh, J form of salutation 

among a class of medieants. s. 

j^^'ImI V^ni^ a-lakshan, m. a bad sign or ill 

omen. «. [fided. « 

^JLJk)] V^n^lft a'-lakshani, unfortunate, ill- 
J^l alkatif stuttering, pronouncing badly, a, 

ljjjijlv<jSilH^I alak-nanddf f. a stream that 

runs from the Himalaya mountains, and falls into 
the Ganges near Srlnagar. «. 


( 57 ) 


4C' ^c»« a-'lakh (same 88 a^laksh^ anseen^ 

^^-4*^1 alakh-ndmt, m. a mendicant of the 
vifll ^fp*i a-^^ySeparate^diBtiDct. a-laga-lag, 

or «l^./ai(y , leparatelj. *. 

W H^^'II fl^a, separate, apart, distinct, free, 
loose, noconfined; m. a umilaL t, 

wVOI ^l^pmn almond, a. to separate, to put 

«ae aide. migSud, to caoie to leap over. «. 

1^ Iwl V^'ll^ ^2^0^, f. separation, s, 

f£M\ ulgaty act of leaping over. «. 

UOl alagnd, n. to be separated or disjoined. 

niagna, n. to apring or bound over. «. 

^Jf^^ ll<!>^l«fl alagrUf f. a line for hanging 

"dotheaoo. A. 

U-^1 aigoja, m. (see a^fitoa) a pipe, &c. p. 
vaUI '9991IT vlaind, n. to be overset, or laid 

over to one aide. A. 
«U) allahf m. God; the Supreme Being. 

^USkm akbar, God la great ! an exclamation of snr- 
priae, reaignadon, be. alldh, allah ! Oh wonderftil ! 
excellent 1 oWiA-MJaJMo/^, I awear moat Bolemnly, 
&C. a. 


aiain, sticks set up for the support of 

rping planta (like onr Tinea, ftc). A. 
^1 a/am, m. pain, grief, affliction, a. 
J) ^IT'V a/am, enough, abundance; able, 

adeqmte, or eqnal to. «. 

^1»}I a/mari, f. a chest of drawers, a bookcase ; 

(the word ia of Enropean orkrin : for example, the old 
Engliah term ia "almarier* and the Sa>tdi word 
"swrnrie," or "aumrie," ia in common uae to this 
daj). A. 

(^ja»\jl almaSf m. a diamond, almas-tarash, 
ra. diamand-dnat ; adj. cut into anglea (aa glaaa). p, 

^^IJI almasi, cut into facets (like a diamond). 

"almAS-rangt of a diamond oolonr ; m. a bright dear 
white colour. j>. 

(^^fi) i ^n^Vvf dlamhan, m. dependence ; a sup- 
port, protector. «. 

Jlp Jl ailafnr^j^Uam, m. trifling talk or busi- 

ncM; tojing; vanity. Idle excuae. p. 

vdljl '9^^^ ulmukf m. a firebrand, burning 

wood, charcoaL «. 

(^U«)l alam-ndh, full of pain or sorrrow. a. p. 
aUEj^I al-minnatu UUdhi (God be praised !), 

an ejaculation ezpreaaive of anrpriae, fear, denial, &c. a. 

s^JL^Sl ahnairay m. (v. a/mari), a press, &c. 
^1 alunj, a sort of wild plum, a sloe. p. 

UJjJl ulandrm, a. (v. ulendna)^ to pour out a 

liquid, h. 

jKjJI V^VIi. alanhar, m. ornament or jewel; 

rhetoric, ornate compoaitioa in proae. «. 

OjmII V<^4A aZan/(rtta,adorned,decorated.«. 

j1^xa)I dlankhar, the treble notes in music, d* 
vi^I W^SJt alang, f. side, way, corner, in- 

trenchments ; ia along, tliia aide. A. 

f^J-jii Jf^S^ or ir^nF ^^ng or (dang, naked. #. 
V1IXI3 1 dlang, intrenchment, trenches, p, 
(2)^1 Vlf\^j|«f dlingan, m. the act of em* 

bradng. #. [overleap. A. 

UxjJt ^r^TplT ulangdj n. to bound over, to 
^J^^ '9<^J|«fl aZafi^ni,f.(v.aZ6E^i),aIine,&c. A. 
c;^^^ TUffif uUangkan, m. the transgressing 

of a rule or custom ; tranagreaaion. $. 

^^ T VlP^JI^ cUingtf adj. embracing. «. 
^ I ^VT^or^m^ aZti,m. an esculent root {Arum 

campamtltUum), a potato ; jRaMltf, a mi. ^fi,e Shakar- 
hmd, a sweet potato, &c. d/fi, in rersian. signifies a 

flum, but in India the word is taken to signify a potato, 
t is singular that Uiis vegetable is nam«l bj the Per- 
sians and Arabs, aa by the French, " ground apple," via. 
Persian, ilbi aoaitnt, Arab, tufd^-ul-ardh, alujt buj^ra, 
dried plums, prunes. (Binnuig). p, 

^\ dlOf a portion of unripe corn. A. 

^1 n[^t<2Ztf, m. an owl ; met. a stupid fellow, 
afooL #. 

^\ 'W^tdu, 1 f.akindofgrass(5aec^rufn 
^^'vgWTttiwa,/ cylindricuinf WiUden), k. 
^Ij)l cdwdh (pi. of ^j)), tablets, planks, &c. a. 

JI^T HK^^I^ dlfvtd, m. a basin for water 

round the root of a tree. t. 

jA^lpl ulihl-amr, men possessed of command 

or authority (vide ulu). a. 

^,yi alwdn (pi. of ^^jJ), colours, sorts, kinds; 

a4J. of various sorts and oohrara. a. 

c^^t mQ^ alop, concealed, defaced, retired, 

run. out, destroyed ; apparent. alop-Juhj,, n. to vanish, s, 

(2;>^l T^f^iR uUu'panf m. folly, stupidity, s. 
^j)) ^VQft^RT alapndy a. to conceal, to hide 

one's self; m. to lie hid, to be concealed. 9, 
«»-^1 alucha^ a kind of small plum. p» 

(>j) t aliid (v. a/tkia), soiled, &c. p. 
{ja\^^\ ullu'ddSf 1 stupid as an owl, a fool 
f<j»sAi^^\ tdlu'ddsrij or simpleton, s. 

ebj)l al-mdd\ adieu ! fare thee well ! a. 

^(>^T dludagi, f. contamination, stain, foul- 

"ness, defilement p. 

^^jJT dludany to stain, defile, pollute, p. 

i^^\ dluda, soiled, stained, smeared or de- 
filed ; overwhehned, immerged, loaded with. p. 
(^j)l ulushf m. (see ulash)^ leavings, t. 
uJ^I tduf, thousands (pi. of (.^.331). a. 
i^^\ 9k^ ttluk, m. an owl (sameastiUu). «• 


jJT ( 

<^j)T Wt^tW alokj m. sight, looking^ light; 

flattery, panegyric, s, 

(^^\^1 W^r^liV a-lauhikf unpopular, not cur^ 

rent, supematuraL t. [visibility, t, 

^;^l V^^iH a-hkan, m. disappearance, in- 
(*P^ T lll<j^i|f| cUokan, m* sight, seeing, 

looking, f. 

(34^1 V^ni9 ulukhalj m. bdellium, a gummy 

BulMtance ; a wooden mortar for cleaning rice. «. 

^^^•^pT^ VIdJMVl alu-gachh, m. the potato 

tree ; the tapioca shrub, h. 

J^l W^i^ alol, f. gambol (generally applied 

to a horse); acy. steady, t. 

J^ Jj5l lR^h;m^ft9 alol-kalolt f. gambols, 

wantonness, playsomeness (of young animals), h, 

^%)t ^r^tUTT or llQrt«n Orlond, fresh, not salt, 

usipid. f. [madan. p. 

i)3jS\ alfoand or alwand, a mountain in Ha- 

CiAj^jSl t<ZuAiyaf,1 deity, divinity, the divine 

ftJL^yl uZtt^i^a, J essence, a. 

ft) I a/a, m. (see aiat), tool, &c. a* 

jJI t'ZaA (v. &U)), God, the Supreme Being, a. 

l^ in'^ aZAa, the name of a Hindu soldier 
and poet, from whom a species of poetry takes its 
name. A. 

ilhdm, inspiration, revelation, a. 

\j\^\ Vfs^lHr alhdna, n. to rejoice, to be 
cheerful, h, [unskilfuL h. 

Jj^\ W^f^ alhar, young, untaught (animal), 

U^l 791pn ulahna, m. complaint, accusa- 
tion ; reproof, chiding, ulahna dena, to reproach, com- 
plain, abuse ; n. to grow, to vegetate, h, 

^«pl tZoAi, divine, the Divine Being ; nsed as 

** an inter)., O Grod ! Name of an sera instituted by Akbar. 
»/a/ii^az,the standard yard measure of forty-one lingers, 
instituted by Akbar. a. [musical mode. A. 

VjL^t W^^ alhaiydf f. name of a ragni or 
OU^f Udhtydfy divine things or studies; 

metaphysics, theology, a. 

C1aJL|3I ildhtyatj f. divinity, the godhead, a. 
(J I W^ a/i, a land measure, equivalent to 

**four huts ; adj. of or belonging to the al tree. A. 

^1 ^RT^ aZt, f. damsel, female friend ; m. a 

** scorpion. «. [of the lotus, s. 

(J I W^ aZi, m. a large black bee, enamoured 

/J I t'Za, up to, until. Uq-aUdn, up to the pre- 
sent time. a. 

(JT Wi^^ dlai, m. a house, an abode, s, 
IjJT mr^ill dliydy name of a tribe of banjd- 

rai. A. 

UbU)\ V^MIH^^I alaiyd'halaiyd, f. sacrifice, 

victim ; lighted wisps, with which the Hindds divert 
themselves at Uie season of the Dewali. A, 

58 ) 



v^ajJT ^V1^ alep^ m. liniment, plaster, s. 
^i^ l^ft^nn i*ZtcAna, a. to throw up water, 

to bale. A. 

^•^^j{^ Vi^tt'T otiHrangj m. a colour ex- 
tracted from the al tree (iioriitda cUrtfolia), A.^ 

Lr^' ^^jh|r tZi^A, m. a fish, the hilsa or sable 

{Clupea alosa). $, 

cfJbJI ^l^ftv oZiA, m. falsehood, untruth, any 
thing displeasiDg or disagreeable; a^j. false, un- 
pleasing. s. [elating torment, a. 

^* aZim, painful. *azabi allm, an excrn- 

^<i>J^1 ^^41*! I ^lendnd, a. to pour water. A. 
m\ WTW dm^ m. a man^ (fruit of the Mangu 

/era IndicaX provisions, victuals (undressed) ; sidmess, 
disease ; a^. raw, undressed, unripe, s. 

a\ umm, f. a mother, a, [ever. a. 

tsi ammd, but, moreover, neyertheless* how- 
U\ %nm ammd, f. a mother, s. 
jLJUl WHlOlUK drndtisdvy m. dysentery, s. 

AJ^^f IRTm amdtya, m. a ministen coun- 
sellor, s. {BmrnBuL p. 

M^Ul dmajf m. a mark or butt to shoot 

^jUT dmddagi, f. readiness, alertness, p. 

td\^\ dmdda, prepared, ready, alert, p. 
jUl dmdr, calculation* investigation; an ao- 

oount-book or register, jp. 
O^UI imdrat, f. dominion, authority; a 
district under the government of an amir, a. 

Aj\a\ amdrid,(p\. of «y«l) beardless youths, a. 
%j\a\ ammdraf domineering, imperious, a. 
^^U\ dmdSf m. swelling, drnds-k, to swell, 

to effect a swelling, p, 

(jmU\ atnmd^ the conjunction of the sun and 
moon, the days about new moon. d. 

^\a\ amdkin (pi. of ^o^)» mansions, ha- 
bitations, places, a. 

JU^ imdla^ m. (lit. inclining) a change of 
vowels in pronunciation as kiitb for At7aA (a book), a. 

jX*\ imdmy m. a priest, a leader in religious 

^ matters, patriarch, prelate, chief; a large bead in a 
rosary, which remains fixed in the hand, and is not 
turned over in counting (called by the HindUs iSs- 
meru), a. 

\jflx«U\ imdnibdrd, m. (also imdmbaru f.) a 

kind of temple in which the festival of the Muharram 
is celebrated : it is generally a square building'with a 
cupola on the top. A. 

LIa^U^ imdmat, f. the office of an imdm, a. 
^^\jiJj9\ imdm-zdniin (or-ramtni), m. the 

protecting Im&m. or one's guardian saint, tmam-zu- 
min ka rupiyot a piece of coin dedicated to Imam Zd- 
min ! it is fastened on the arm of a penon about to 
leave home as a charm for averting eril : if in want 
he may spend it, not otherwise, a. 


( 59 ) 


jmU\ imannya 

IbDowcn of 'AIL a. 

1 of or relating to an im 
i an epithet aseamed bj 


jj^Ul aman^ f. grace, mercy, security, safety, 

protection; as an Inter), it denotes, *' quarter ! spare 
ne ! " and is generally sonnded amdn, a. 

^Ul WR1W amatma, m. raw rice or grain j 

proTiaions undressed, s. 

^J^\ imii amman(jB&me as amma),a mother, s. 
UU\ ^HUniT amdnOf n. to be contained, to go 

Into. «. 

C^M amanaU f. deposit, charge, any thing 
S^ven in tnist; fiuth, religion, amdnat-dar, a trustee, 
or depositary i adj. faithfol, honest. amdjuU-ddri, f. 
ftnanlunship* agency, trust, charge; faithfulness. 
waamat-rakhnd, a. to consi^ or deposit, amdnat-dqftar, 
m registry-office, amanat-^arh assignments of revenue. 
amamat-md^dit an estate. (UMnat-nama, a deed of trust 
or deposit, a. 

^U\iifnaiiaft,f. goods &c. given in charge, a. 

AJujUl W1IH«Am a-mananiyay incredible, not 
'fit to be believed, s. [without pride, humble, s. 

^U\ Winft o-mani, incredulous, inattentive^ 
^W amanl, f. security ; trust, charge, de- 

"pocit ; adj. (applied to land) that which is inchar^ of 
I a collector on the part of government (in opposition 
to ijara, that which is farmed), a, 

lUk^let vm a-manya (see amanami/d)» in* 
"cK^ble, not worthy of being believed.' s. 

{^ml»\mHmamamat9 m. the inspissated juice 

« the mango (v. amof). h, 

(j«»jU\ ^nrm amdwas, T f. the conjunc- 
«Am»jU\ wrrf^ amdvasya^ > tion of sun and 
^M»jU1 VHN4A amdvasif J moon, the day 

"of new moon. «. 

\ ^nr ambf m. a mango, .a mango tree. 

m. water, s. 

LuY ^nJ ambd, f. a mother, (same as ammo), s. 

ObJf W^enr am-55<, m. a swelling, which 

eomes without p«un and goes off as easily, even without 
mediinx&e, a windy tumour. #. 

iSj^^ ^Tiirfl ambdri, f. a canopy, a litter 
nseid on an elephant or camel, p. 

CLf^\ ^m ambatf sour, acid or acrid, s. 
Ullfat ismrnTT amhatdndy n. to grow sour, 

to be adduUted. *. [nehtmbo). $. 

^\ Wf9f amhuj, m. the lotus {Nywpfuea 
\ V9^ amhaVf m. clothes, apparel ; the 

Ay or atmosphere ; a perfume (ambergrU). t, 

f*T VTV^ dmbar, f. ambergris (v. ^anbar). a. 
tS^ji^^ WPCt^ambardfl, f. a mango grove. *. 

WjccI ^W^ ambarchd, m. an ornamental 


,^JL^\ wn ambashtkf m. a man the off- 

mring of a Brihman and a Yaisya woman, by occupa- 
tion a physician. «. 

Kfol wf^m ambikd, f. a name of the goddess 

Parvati. s. 

fj^x^amboft, f. a species of sorrel {Oxalis 

comiculata), d, [less. h. 

J^t W^ ambol (for an<^o{), silent, speech- 
«^^^\ ^VHtW amhhqjj m. the lotus. «• 

Ufsl vf^TDFT amhiyd^f, a small unripe mango, s. 

C^usi ummatf f. people, a religious sect, peo- 
ple of the same belief, a. 

(Jl^t vf^if Or-mity unmeasured, undefined, s. 
SL«I dmmatf one of the ten kinds of wounds 

compensated by a fine. a. 

^W:^ imtihdn, m. examination, proof, trial, 

* experiment; temptation, a, 

1^1 JuUf imiidddy m. protraction, prolongation^ 

prorogation, extension ; a^j- protracted, a. 

^tjUt imtild, m. repletion, indigestion, a. 
cMja] imtina, m. restraint, prohibition, a. 

jp«^ ummatif m. a believer in, or follower of, 

^ any particular sect. a. 

jUjm\ imtiydzt m. discrimination, separation, 

distinction; pre-eminence ; good breeding, im^iyax-^., 
a. to discriminate ; to treat with distinction, a. 

(c:IjuU\ imtiydzi, having the quality of dis- 
criminating, worthy of distinction, a. 
(JLw«\ vfil7 a-mt/, indelible, undefaced. «• 

JUUl atnxaZ (pi. of Jjt^), examples, similes, 

equals, fables, parables, a. 

iX:^^ amjadf very or most glorious, a. 
^[^' ani;l, f. compulsory service. £?• 
jy^ wrjR umchurj m. parings of the 

mang^, dried in the sun. t, 

Sa\ dynad, f. arrival, income, dmad'dmad 

or amad o raft, f. access and egress, ataad-thud or 
amad o shvdt mtercourse, thoroughfare, p, 

Ci\i^\ imdddf f. act of assisting, aiding^ or 

abetting; succour, help ; extending, a. 

^(^A^ dmadarif (r. a or ay) to come. A. 
^tXoT am^iani, f. the season in which any 

"merchandise generally arrives; perquisites; any 
thing gained over and above ; ways and means ; in- 
come, revenue ; import, p, 

Olj^t 9HSRI umddndj also umdd-d.f a. to 

cause to overflow^ to flood, h, 
\j^\ 'Wmm umadndy n. to overflow ; to let 

fall (as tears), to shed, to swell and increase or prevail 
(lilce a river, clouds, an army, the heart, &&). A. 

yA amr, m. an order, command; an affair, 

transaction; (in gram.) the imperative mood, amr-ha- 
yad, lit. " your business is in your own hands," which, 
uttered by a husband and agreed to by a wilb^ consti- 
tutes an ureversible divorce, a. 


( 00 ) 


CLfMirta 1 

r f. immortality. <• 
Uta J 

jA amir, one who orders, a commander, 

mier. a. [indica). t. 

jio\ WW dmra, m. tbe mango tree (^Mangifera 

jt\ wifC a-mar, undying, immortal, long- 
IWed, perennial, eyerlasting; a god. Amara Sinha, 
the name of a Sanskrit lexicographer, t, 

\f^\ IPBl or VFCT amrd^ m. name of a fruit ; 

hog-plum {Spondiat mangfferay, t» 

\j^ umard (pi. of^^\), nobles, grandees; a 

nohle (generally), but more especiallj applied to those 
of a Muhammadanconrt a. [eascB. a. 

(^Lol amrdz (pi, of (Ji^), sicknesses, dis- 
j3j|;<«1 HHil^iA a-mardmaiif f. the celestial 

**cit7of Indra. s. [mangoei. t. 

i^]j*\ wro^ amrd,t, f. a tope or grove of 
JiA^l WIR^ a9nar-5e2, m. an epidendron, 

or parasitical plant similar to the misletoe. «. 

^^\ ^[^m^amar-padf m. the state of an im- 
mortal; immortality, s. 
O-sl WJir a-mWf, m. the water of life, 

nectar; an antidote; any thing sweet; water; wine; 
a guava; immortality, final emancipation, s. 

> I Wnnn amrittd 


^Ij5^\ W^IRTSf amrit-bdn, m. a variety of 

the kela, or plantain, t, 

ijji^\ ^njlft or ipnft amriti or imritu f. a 

** small vessel for drinking out of; a kind of sweet- 
meat ; a kind of cloth ; a^j. nectarious. h, 

d\>'jic\ WH^I^ a^marjdd, If. indignity, dis- 
\jW^\ Hif^l^l Or-marjdddt J honour, s. 
^\ amradt beardless, handsome (a youth), a. 
jj![ amurz, act of pardoning or forgiving; 

amurz'gar, he who pardons ; an epithet of God. p, 

^jij^T dmurzish, f. pardon, grace, forgive- 
ness of sins (by the Deity), p, 

{^jiH am'4'a$i inspissated juice of the mango 

(see amof). «• 

{J^j^ WTR^ dmanhf m. anger ; wrath ; envy, 

impatience of another's success ; peeyishness. t . 

ciJJwaf Wft^tV amat^lok, m. heaven, the 

region of the immortals, s. 

CJjj*\ WfCiT amrut, m. a guava. (P^- 

dimn pyrtfervm), t. 

d*jc\ amrudt m. a pear ; also a guava. p. 

jjj<o\ tmr02: (for tn-raz), to-day. imroz-farda, 
to-day or to-morrow, t. s. soon, imrozfarda-k,, a. to 
put off, to procrastinate, p. 

ls^ 3y^ amr o na/ti, m. commands and pro- 

**hibitions, orders and counter-orders, commanding and 
countermanding ; hence, sovereignty, authority, a. 

\chj^ Vl4l^ U'tnaryddd, f. disrespect, indig- 
nity. (Same as a-marjadd.) 9, 

(^jb^\ l|i|4|ir^i| a-fiiar^a^tA,disreBpected. «. 

(jms\ ttf>tma«, resolution, firmness^ strength, d. 
(^Lmo^ imsak, m. parsimony; abstinence ; a 

medidne taken to prolong pleasnre; scarcity, want. a. 

JLm^\ tmM/ (for in-<aZ), this year. p. 
U-*»^\ TH^ffT wnasndj n. to rot, to putrefy. K 

(JmaI VlRmaTTiif^, m. flesh, food* enjoyment; 
object of enjoyment, a pleasing object s. 

<i»»*» *io l imsfuib (for tn'Skab), to-night, p. 
{jy^\ V|il9{|^ am-«/itt/, m. the cholic, pain 

arising from indigestion. «. 

jLo^^ anuay* (pi. of ^^^a^s), cities, large cities, a. 

(^Ua^I tmza,?, despatching, transmitting, a. 

jK> ^U«s\ m'ant na^, looking attentively, 

contemplating, a. C*obl t. 

;^JUl ^nw amuhf such a one, a certain per^ 

\x«^(>Om«^ wnmnnn amkdrdkamkd, J flesy \ 

trifling ; a person of little estimation. A. 

^J6^\ imkdn, m. possibility; contingent ex- 
istence (in opposition to vmjub, necessity, or neoeasizy 
existence), a. 

^\Ca^ imhdni, potential, possible, a. 
«A^xs\ Vinsn a-mtf^Aya, inferior, ordinary. «. 
^^ a97uz/> m. hope, expectation, a. 
(3^^ ^^9 CL'f^O'ly m. intoxication. amaU jins, 

intoxicating liquors or drugs. A. 

^^ ^^99 ^"^ <»* am Iff, acid; sour, s, 

(J^^ VI9 ^-inal, bright, pure, clean, clear. $. 

^\ indd, m. orthography ; writing correctly ; 

completing, filling up. imIa-dSn, one who writes 001^ 
rectly. imla^namt, the same. a. 

^T WIII9T dmldt m. the emblic myrohalan 
{Pkylkmthut emhliea). i. 

i^^\ anddk (pi. of l^ILs), possessions, pro- 
perties (generally applied to land), a. 

^^f ^R^R am^n,m.gIobe amaranth {Oam- 

fhrtna glohota) ; a4i< dean, dear. s. 

ul3^^ inUdk, m. possession, property ; land 

held rent firee. a, 

tj^ (J^^ VH^M^ amal'patti, f. the hem of 

**doth, a kind of stitching, h, 

\:X^\ ^S^m amlatd, f. sourness, acidity, s. 
;^^\:is^ VH^ d in amaltds, m. Camajutuku h. 

\^T vrf^^wr amZt^a, f. the tamarind tree. ;. 

^Jl*1 VkP^^'*! a-malinf clean, pure. «• 

jjwo^ ^it^l or ^fis^ mZi or ffTiZt, m. the tama- 

** rind-tree (Tatnarindu* Indica) and its fruit. «. 


^\ umam (pi. of iZJX), nations, sects, tribes, 

bcrds. a. [diiRarence, stoicism. «. 

tt*» ^WWHI a^manUaf f. disinterestedness) in- 
^^1 wm^ dmany m, winter rice-crop, h, 
^\ amn^ m, secaritj, safety. amn-oTnan, m. 

qnsrter. crjing oat for quarter, amn o SmStt, in safety 
and secnrity. a. 

li*l amanna^ yea, verily; lit. we believe, a, 
IUumIjuI Vlfl 1411^11 amnd'samna, m. opposi- 

tkm, oonfronting. A. 

UjyUt 94v«n umandnd, n. (see tinuzc?na), to 

orerflow, abound, to swell, to increase, to be ponred oat. 
—i ni i rf wmtM kar rona, to weep violently. A. 

uJJU) 94v«iT utnandndf n. to be proud, con^ 
cetted. dm 


xH«\ "i f a-9iiant»Aya, 1 unmanly. 

aa^^um) J ^ I a-manuhhya, J amanush- 

foia, nmnanliness, inbamanity. «, 

iSX\^\ '9^ umang^ f. transport, excessive 

Joy, exultation, ambition. A. 

i3^^ ^|i!]f9 a-mangal, m. a disaster, a cala- 
mity; an cyU omen, iU luck; a^j. inanspidous, un- 
hKky. «• [joy. A. 

UGkA^ 'V'i'nn umangna, n. to advance with 
^JsjmI ^f^vft umangiy sanguine, desirous, am- 

"Utioiis. A. 

K^y^y^^ wnMtn a-manqjog^ m. inatten- 
tion, a^monojogi, inattentive. «. 
C*jjyue^ «|4|ff0«04 a-manonxty disapproved ; 

reprobate, s. [pleasing. #. 

j^^jM^ liil4\(i a-manoAar, disagreeable, dis- 
iJIajum^ amniyaf, security, repose, a place 

of safety, a. [to face. A. 

^Im» ^T W^m) amne-^dmnef opposite, face 
Uk^t "Wrfvpn amantya, f. land on which 

the winter crop of lioe is sown. A. 

0)ys^ amfpa^ (pi. of Caa>s), the dead, a, 
\Zj\y«\ immv dmvdt, m. constipation or 

torpor of the bowels with flatulence and intume- 
the wind being supposed to be chiefly aflfected.^. 

^\yA amwaj (pi. o£.m^yt), billows, kc, a. 

^^yy\ ^npUW amavdSy the new moon. s. 

%}\y\ amwdl(ph of JU), riches, wealth, goods 
and chattels, personal property, a. [learn, p. 

{J<^y*\ dmoMuUiny (r. dmoz) to teach; to 

sl»-^1 dmoiht€^ learnt, taught, trained, p. 

dj^T WHift^ dmod, m. fragrance ; pleasure. «. 

jy\ nmMr (pi. ofj«\), business, things, affairs, 
actions; commanding, ordering, a. 

CJjy\ ^Pf^ a-murtt, formless, unembodied. 5. 

( 61 ) ^^\ 

Jy] dmozy taught; used in comp., as dast" 

amoZt taught by the hand, tamed (bird), p. 

^y^ iwfhl a-mogh, productive^ fruitful, 

effectual, infallible. «. 

\^y\ wft^ a-mol, invaluable, above price, s. 
J^\ ^153 O'-muly destitute of root or origin. «. 
KZj^y\ umumaty f. the condition of being a 

mother, maternity, a. 
^\ wit ami, f. the water of life ; nectar, s. 
^1 VTim dmayoy m. sickness, disease. «. 
^\ umml, uneducated, unable to read or 

** write ; unknown, unacquainted, a. [r^-puU, A. 
U^AA«^ Hi^r^m amethiydy name of a tribe of 
ftjLi^T amenta J mixed, mingled, p. 
^2^J^\ dmeJthtanj (r. dmez), to mix, to 

mingle, p. 

i^\ ummaid or vmmed, f. hope, expectation, 

dependence, trust ; (in Hind.) pregnancy. unmuUdse 
hona, to be pr^^nant. ummcAd-wdr, hopeful, expect- 
ing ; an expectant, a dependant, a candidate, timmouf- 
umrl, f. expectation, expectancy, dependence, p, 

9J^dJ^\ ^^Ula-medhyoy m. faeces, excrement; 

a4J. impure. «. 

{^dj^\ ummediy an expectant ; adj. hopeful, 

sanguine, p, 

j^\ amtr, m. a nobleman, a grandee ; an east- 
em title nearly answering to Lord, amir ul umard or 
amlri kabir, Cord of lords, a title pven by eastern 

}>rince8 to their ministers, &c. amlr-todr or amirana, 
ike a noble, amir-zada or amr-z&di, nobly bom ; 
amlru-l-bair, a commander by sea (hence admiral). 
amirul'muminin, commander of the (true) believers, a 
title assumed by the Caliphs, a, 

f^J^\ amlri, f. a principality, an earldom, 
the dignity or office of an amir. a. 

Jjuel dmez, mixture; (in compos.) mixed, 

mixing, fraught with, as mihr-amez, fraught with 
friendship, p, 

{J^ji^ I dmezishy mingling, mixing ; f. mirth- 
fulness, sodability, AonAomte. p, 

{^X^ amifiy a commissioner, a trustee, an um- 
pire, an investigator, an arbitrator; a supervisor or 
officer employed by government to examine and regu- 
late the state of the revenues of a district, amhk- 
debtor, an office for auditing the amtfu. a. 

(jruel amin, amen, so be it. a. 

^jjk<«\ amini, f. the office of amin\ trust, 

guardianship ; security, secure, a. 

^\ WtT an, a negative prefix of the same 

effect as our tin or tn, as an-dekha, unseen. In words 
purely Sanskrit it is prefixed only to those beginning 
with a vowel, as an-anta, endless ; but in Hindi it is 
used indiscriminately before words beginning with 
vowels or consonants, as an-ddart disrespect, an-pafha, 
unread, &c. #. [weapon. «. 

^^ ivflor ant, m. the edge or point of a sharp 
^f 1V^ anuy after (in time, place, and rank), 

according to, in imitation o£ s. 

J ( 

^1 ait, tbat ; he, she, or it p» 

^^\ aUf f. time, hour, minute, a. 

^^T W^T an (for W^l), other (for 1TOT), or- 
der, oommand. «. 

^1 in«T arty f. a graceful attitude, an a£fected 

gait ; affectatioD, pride, p. 

^T wm an, f. dignity, honour; modesty, bash- 
fulness; adv. on oath, an-^nan «e. respectfully, ho- 
Dourabljr. h. [applied to boiled rioe). t 

^^\ mr ann, m. food, yictuals, (particularly 
^)f ^ in and T«T un (pronouns in the oblique 

case), these, those, them, h, 
U\ VWT anna, m. the husband of a nurse, h. 
vT ^n«n ana, n. to come, to be, to become, h. 
UT wnn ana, m. the sixteenth part of a rupi ; 

a measure of land equal to sixteen rQsIs. In most In- 
dian dialects the term and is conventionally used to 
denote the fraction ^ ; thus a man is said to have a 
four fina share in a mercantUe house, which means 
that he is entitled to one-fourth of the profits, ana- 
karot m. a fee of one ana in the rupl. h, 

Ul ana, delay, opportunity ; a seasonable hour, 
lima, as to us, verily we (used only in Arabic phrases)ui. 

C^Ut inabat, f. penitence, repentance, con- 
version, return to the true faith, a. 

yXy\ V«n^ anratur, healthy, yigorous. «• 

^13\ wm^ a^natk, without a husband, with- 
out a protector, without chief or sovereign ; helpless, 
an orphan, andthi-baiyart m. unclaimed land, lands 
without an owner. «. [pronounced ndj), «. 

mr'^\ V«fnr andj, m. corn, grain (incorrectly 

jl*-UI Hffl^K an-dchar, m. improper con- 
duct, neglect of religious observance ; adj. immoral, 
ill-behaved, an-dchdri, immoral, indecorous. «. 

Ca^^U^ Wvfrf^Tff andchit, suddenly, unex- 

pectedly, amchitl or anachitl, f. ignorance, thought- 
lessness, d, 

i^U \ an-o^ for ^nnfi^ an- a(fi, wi th out begi n ni n gy 

eternal, andd-hanjcurt land that has been waste from 
time immemorifd. dnad-hhumtt land transferred by 
mortgage, anddi-twa, m. eternity, s. 

ji>U\ ^nn^ an-^tdar, m. affront, disrespect. «. 
jU\ andr, m. a pomegranate ; it also denotes 

a kind of firework, p. 

/2;>jU1 VHKUH andrpan, m. silliness, clum- 
siness, inexpertness, ignorance, h, 
io\^^\ andr-ddna, m. a species of millet, so 

called from Its resemblance to the seed of the pome- 
granate, p. [nate. jp. 

iS)^^ andti, of or resembling the pomegra- 
4Cj\3\ Vvfrft a7iari,1 unskilful, clumsy, inex- 
^^^\%nfvAandrt,j pert; s. a novice, a 

bustler, h, 

^ttfUf 7«TTVt undsi, seventy-nine. s. 
^Am»\3^ ^ninpi an'Ushya, indestructible. $• 

62 ) 


U\i UT dnanfa^dnan, constantly, every minnle^ 

incessantly, a. 
j6\j\ WrniTt afi-oAar, shapeless. #. 
^oOT WRTVnirt ono-^ni, f. turning a deaf 

"ear, overlooking, winking at, purposely neglectiiig. 
and-kdnd-d,t to pretend ignorance, to ignore, k. 

VjoyUf VHIIII«M1 andkrdntd, f. a sort of 

prickly nightshade {Solamanjaequini), t. 

ftx^U^ VHUIHI anrdgamya, unapproachable, 

inaccessible. «. 

j^\ andm, mortals, the world, demons,genii. a. 
<J^13\ andmat (per metathesin for amanat), 

deposit, trust, &c. a. [fingers, a. 

(3^\3\ andmil (pi. of «U>^), fingers, tips of the 

^\3T dndn, those, anoii-^t, those who. p, 

(jmUU) andnds, m. (v. anannds), the pine- 
apple. Port. 

CajjU^ andnlyat, f. egotism, boasting, arro- 
gance, a. 

jUbUI WtllfK an-dhdr, m. abstinence, starva- 
tion. on-oAarf, a^j- fSuting. s. [cs^J- <. 

(.jM^Uf ir«|'mi4l an-dyds, m. ease, facility ; adj. 

^\ anab or inab, a kind of grape, the egg- 
plant, a. 

3T ^liw dnb or dmb, m. a mango (v. dm)* «. 

u.A)t ire ambut m. water, s, 

Ij3^ mi ambd, f. a mother (same as ammo)* <. 

Jji\ ambdr, m. magazines, heaps, a stock, p. 

4^ljj^ ambdri, f. a canopy ; a litter or how- 

dah used on an elephant or cameL p. 

]j\^\ ^OTTfT nmbdrd, m. 1 the esculent plant 

4^'Ui' W^rnft ambdri, f. J hibiscus, com- 
monly called the Rozelle {Hihi»cu9 eattnabhau). A. 

j\jj^ ambdz, m. a partner, an associate, p* 

(Cjljjf ambdzt, partnership, association, p, 

^\jj^ ambdn, a kind of soA goat-skin leather; 

a purse, a dothes-bag, wallet p, 

dn-bdn, f. spirit, proper pride, k 
ambat, sour, acid. A. 
UUjj) VMHI ambaidnd, n. to be acidulated. A. 
^\ H^ anibuj, m. the lotus {Nymphma 

nelumbo), t, 

j»j\ wm, ambar (v. ^^), sky; clothes. A. 

jij\ ambar, m. (corruption of jJlaP), am- 
ber, &c. a. 

4^]jAi^ W¥n^ amJara,i, f. a mango grove. «. 

^LmJjI imbisdtft gladness, joy, delight, cheer- 
fulness, recreation, mirth, a. 

Kj3\ irfnET (see Kf*^), the goddess ParvatL s. 



Jjjt ambil, 8 kind of pottage, d. 

( 63 ; 



BennOD, minmdentanding. h. 

aip-hana,Of m. diBCord, dis- 


cj^fi^ ^RWt?5 or ^rat^ an'bol or am-bol, 

■P««chl€«. A. [course, p. 

t^\ ambohf a crowd, muUitade, mob, con- 
9Jj\ amba, m. a mango (see am). j9. 
jl^A^t an6^,o,'|^m« cultivating or taking pos- 
^\ anhhati 

property, d. 

j^l onftAau, j session of land, enjoying 

^^)4f>) WiffW^n^ an-abhilashy m. indifFe- 

renoe, abTCnoe of desire. an-{U>hilashi, indifferent, t 

y^\ ^""^^'^ antt^Aai? or anubkaUf m. com- 
prehension in the mind, judgment, conjecture, ex- 
perience, result, consequence. «. [guessed, s, 

^->4i^^ ^^3^ anwi/ttti, experienced, felt, 

^^^1 ^mtir ambhqjf m. the lotu8(iVympA<Fa 

\Lf^^\ anhhog (v. anbha,o)f possession &c. s. 

^^^\ ambtf that which grows spontane- 
"oimIj. d 

Ujkil ambiya (pi. of ^^^ji), prophets, a. 
Uf>) ^Mw^ ambiya, f. a small unripe mango. A. 
\^^^2^^ Wtfftrar^ an-hiyaka, unmarried, s, 
^'^{:y ^inWIlT an-bedka, unbored, unper- 

fiimted. $. 

^j^\ amhikf ro. a still, an alembic, a. 

yi»^\ ambthavj a sailor, pilot. tL 

<^X>L31 V^JMIM^ anvpdtak, m. a heinous of- 
fence short of a capital crime, s. 

ij^^ wy?R anu-pan, m. a vehicle ; (in 

medicine) any thing in which a medicine is mixed, to 
iaciUtate the taking of it ; or which is swallowed after 
the medicine, s. [drink. «. 

^yV^\ WIMIffI ann-pdnty m. victuals and 
ftju[x>) W^niTil an-apatya, childless, without 

progeny. #. 

0^o\j^\ W^^KT^ an-^parddk, m. innocence; 

ad^ inaooent, sinless, anaparadht^ innocent s. 

c;^!Ho^ IIBIHH anna-prdsany m. a kind of 

ceremony, the first feeding of children with food made 

u}a>\ amparnd, n. to come to hand. J. 

^^0'sflLm^\ VtiqfMff anrupaBthity not ready, 

■ot present, s. 

Jjil %yi^flnii;?a/, m. a second (of time). «. 
^\ vfifW tfz-ntp«R» unskilled. «. 

^.^Ju)' '■*S[^'» ^* satiety ; name of a god- 
dees, the Ceres of the Hindus, s. 

^^<^l ^TSTSpfir, n. to happen. A. 

3j^ ' '"Jgt dnupurv, f. order, method, a 

rank, a row. s. 

l.t.<JLy\ VST^ aw-fl;?cAM5, f. disregard, care- 
lessness, indiflbrence. *. [ing. t, 

,4^\ ^f{i\^ an-apekky di8regarding,unheed- 

I ^HTir mt, f. entrails, gut, tripe, ant 

a,<ma, n. to be afflicted with the coming down of the 

rectum, ant girna, n. to void white glutinous stools. «. 

^1 iftr antf ro. end, completion ; perdition, 

destruction; mind, heart, boundary, limit; adj. final, 
ultimate; adv. after all, at last; (foroator) in. within. 
ant'ho, m the end, at the last. #. 

ZJ\ yknant, ra. intelligence, news, account, h. 
^ » ^nnr anat, elsewhere, somewhere else. «. 
i\ ^W?r vnnat, high, tall. unTiati, f. in- 

crease, prosperity, rising, i. 

C-*\jo1 W^ftm anutdp, m. repentance, regret, 

remorse, anutapit penitent, s. 

]^Ui\ IV^pnTT anutdrdf m. a satellite. «. 
(j«AJUi\ Tiring untdlis, thirty-nine. A. 
^\ ^•nn an%', ra. a Shiidra, or man of low 

^»ste. «. 

u^lsS^ tniiAAaft, m. selection, picking; mak- 
ing extracts fiwm books ; election, choice, a. 

J^\ ^iilt antor, within, between, amongst; 

without, except ; on one side, out of the way ; m. in- 
terval, intermission ; period, term; hole, rent; aoor. 
ner, side, quarter of the heavens; distance, space t 
heart ; a pause, a stop; difference; opportune time t 
the midst; the heart, the supreme soul; a4j. other 
similar, antar-bkao, internal or inherent nature, onl 
tar-bhutt in the midst, antar-iami, pervading the 
inward parts, acquainted with the heart (theDeitv) 
antar-jdt, inborn, innate. antar-dushU internally bad| 
wicked, antar-dwdr, a private door within a house. 
aniar-gati, f, emotions oithe heart, inward sensations* 
adj. forgotten, antar^manas, sad, perplexed, antar- 
tw/ni , a pregnant woman, s. 

>>\ iRian^flr, f. the en trails, bowels, viscera. «. 
jS>' ^RtlT anuttar, unable to answer, without 

jeply^ [out. s. 

]p\ ^•nvi an tardy central ; near; adv. with- 
]fi\ innCT antard, m. a verse, any verse of 

a song, except the first h, 

)J>\ VHI<IMil| antardpatt (for antard- 
patya), pregnant, with child, with young (any animal). *. 

'']/j\mfnTXmaniard'tap, f. an intermittent 

fever, a tertian ague. s. [space, s. 

\Jl\fi\ Virtl^ antardly central ; m. included 
«XJLP^ Virtfe antarbedy 1 f. the region of 
i^i^i^J^^ "^irn^ antarbedij Kanauj be- 
tween the rivers Ganga and JamunS, commonly called 
the I>u,ab. t. [screen, a. 

iJu^^\ ykKXTfz antar-pat, m. a curtain, a 
C^Jii\ WirPciT antariU inward, internal. «. 


( 64 

jU-Jj^ antarjal fXn. A stick used in wrestling.^?. 
^Wjjol Wif^isft antarjdmu acquainted with 

**the beart, an epithet of Krishna* «. 

0^j^^ VHlfV^ antarichhAm. the skjy the 
ifS3j\ VHlfXvil antarikshfj air, the firma- 

ment 4. 

^\ibi>^\ VHI^R antardhan, 1 m. disap- 
I««\jjbi3jj^ "ciflukni antardhyan^j pearance^ 

ooncealment. antardhyan^hionat to disappear. «. 

cd)p5T wrf^ antrxkf visceral relating to the 

bowels, t. 

Ua^j3\ WHI^HI antargangd, m* a kind of 

water-plant bearing a white flower, t. [friend. «. 

iJL&fi\^P!njff antarang, m. a relative, a near 
iJ^\ ^Wt antrif f. entrail (v. antrt). *. 
^iSi\ ^hrft^ antriya, m. intermittent* an iil- 

"termitting fever. ». 

Ci^jJ^^ ^nrfl^ flnfanp, m. a promontory. 

ktiman anianp. Cape Gomorin. #. 

^4^1 ^B^H^ an^flrtcAA, 1m. the sky; 

•t^., J adv. in the 

(jl>Spj\ thilfhq antafikshi 

air; out of sight antariksk, heavenly, celestial; m. 
the firmament, s. 

~ " en- 

gp)jo1 Vinft,^nif^, or Wl^ antri or a«eri,f. 

trail, intestine, bowel, gut antfiy&n jalna, to be very 
hungiy. arAfi ka bal kholna^ a. to eat a bellyful after 
starving. atOriya^ Jp^ huwa-llah parkna, n. to be veiy 
hungry (the belly saying there is but one God> on/fi- 
yoil iMil ag lagna, to be very hungry. «. 

XLji\ intishdrf m. confusion, wantofregu- 
larity; dispersion, explanation, a. 

.UiSii inti^r^ m. | looking out (for any 
^^J^^\ tntiidrif fj person), expectation. 

intnan-K •• to expect to look out for. a. 
^\iajj\ intizamf m. disposition, regularity, 
(^ order, arrangement; the dispensation of Providence 

or fate. a. [stumbling, a. 

(Ji^jui\ intfdsh, recovering one's self after 
«\ajj\ ifUifd% m. profit, advantage, a. 
Jl5ijj\ tnftja/, m, transporting, travelling; 

transferring, drculation (of currency); departure, de- 
cease, dying, a. 

JSj^\ intiiamf m. revenge, retaliation. tn<t- 

Jam-/., to retaliate, a. [hour of death. •. 

J\^C^\ V-d^il^^ ant-kaly m. dying moments, 
^ iuJ^ vm^iTUr antakarafiy or antah-haran, 

or imta«ifcaran, m. heart mind, understanding. «. 

Jj\ irf^Rif ontim, final, ultimate. «. 

«jjf lOTn (in corop. same as antar), antak- 

patt, included, antah-tharlr, m. the internal and spi- 
ritual part of man, conscience, soul, antah-karan, m. 
the understanding, heart, will, conscience, souL $. 

\^\ intihdy f. end, termination, summit ; adj. 
finished, completed, prohibited, a, [mento. «. 

y&jj^ Win^ antahrpuVf m. the inner apart- 




a Shttdira* 

antyajy 1 m. 

^iajST W5WR! antya-janma, J a man of the 

lowest cast antya^janmant, t a woman of the Sftme 
cast «. 

^jajp^ ^nnfhs units, twenty-nine. «. 
^^1^aj31 lINJqilfl antevdsif m. a disciple* a 

pupil residing with his teacher. « 

^^jjj^ WTT^l? antya'^ama, m. f. a man or 

woman of the Shudra cast t. 

iuui3f ^rfvITT a-nityat not permanent, fleeting, 

perishable, tmityata, f. frailness, transient existenee. 
armtya-datta or oritUya-^UUtaka, that whidi is tempo- 
rarily granted ; a son adopted for a certain term. «. 

tILuT wn|S aTT.f, f. a knot ; envy. h» 

\ji\ VIET antd, m. a ball, marble, antd^ghar, 

m. a billiard-room, h, 

C1ai^\jJ\ VIIKll^il antd^chitf unlucky, whose 
fortune is exhausted (a term of abuse), h, ' 

(tfjfy Ia^^ VIKl^4^ antdkofxy f. a cord with 
which cattle are tied neck and heels. A. 

viLoU«»iJLj\ 1III|K4III|K dnt-^nt, f. partnership; 
intrigue, h. 

Uu^\ VHSfTT antnd, n. to be contained^ to be 

filled up (a weU or tank, &c). A. 

UubT m^lBiIT dnfnd, a. to fill (a well or tank), 

to come or go into, to reach, h. 
\j\yj] VUC^MI antrcdnd, a. to make contain, 

to cram into, to cause to be filled. A. 
U^)i^\ 1I4|I<$MI anthldnd, a. to twist, to 

writhe ; n. to swagger, to strut, to give one's self air*, 
to walk afilectedly. A. [lation. k, 

jj^T WVQjA dnthi, f. Stone of fruit ; coagu- 
/Jt^^ V^i^ dntkOft, f. a tick (the louse that 

"attacks dogs, kc.). t. 
^Jt>T vniA aAfi, f. a handful ; a bundle of 

** grass, &c, a small faggot ; a skein of thread, a hank, k, 

^ *■ A. I ^^^^^^^^ Hhe two testicles, ear8,&c. a. 
^j^jjjJl wMayainiy I 

J\ v^ anujj younger, junior. «. 
\jf\ dn-jd, there, aar a«-ja, thence, p. 
aIj^^ an;am, m. end, termination ; accident, 

vexation ; in comp. ending, &c p. 

U\^^ VH^IMI anjdmd, barren (land) in which 

nothing will grow. A. [conclude, p. 

^(yjy«\^\ anjdmldanf to terminate, to finish, 
^lj^\ "V^lirni an-jdn, unwitting, unintentional, 

unknowing, ignorant; m. a stranger. amfS»-h^ to 
assume the stranger, to pretend ignorance of a person 
or thing. ». 

\j\^\ m^nvtt an-jdnd, unknown, a stranger ; 

ignorant anyone, ignorantly, nnwittirigly. k. 

A\ji\ an-jdnt, f. ignorance, negligence, h. 

^\ji\ ai^cUt, a mongrel or bybrid animal, d. 

jUijfl anjabdr or injibar, name of a pla^t 

horn which a drink is prepared for obBtinate colds, 
spitting of blood, &c p. [honey, s. 

fj^\ anjabin (Arabic form of aiigabin)^ 
W anjard or injard, m. a nettle. p> 
^j«ji\ Vif^V or WtfiRI an-jaSy m. infamy. & 
JjS\ anjal, m. (v. ^^), t,wo bandfuls, &c. 
J^< ^RH^ or SHiiHc^ ann-jal, m. victuals 

and drink ; Pers. ab o ddna or ab-dana. *• 

5UT WH^ an;7a, m. two bandfuls, as mucb 

as can be held in both hands open ; the junction of 
the two hands to form the shape of a boat ; Scottice, 
t gonpau s. 

SliH ««|il9T an-jald, unbuwt, unscorcbed. s. 
Jafl ^Wf^ onjli f. (same as anjld), it also 

"denotes a mode of salutation by carrying the two 
hands Joined (as above) to the forehead. «• 

^anjum (pi. of ^), star?, constellations, a. 
i>li^ tnjimdd, m. state of congealing or 

ooogelatioa. a. 

^j^ anjuman, f. an assembly, meeting, 

company, banquet, p. 

^^ WWf dnjanA m. a collyrium, an oint- 
^^\ ^(^R anjatij J raent applied to tbeeye- 

iaahes with a view to blacken and improve them, s, 

^^^mHanjan, m. a kind of grass, mucb 

ued (in the upper proTinces) as food for cattle, h, 

UjS^ WHWn an-jandf unborn ; m. an inferior 

kind of rice. h. 

WT %smm dnjnd, a. to tinge tbe eyes witb 


^ ^CSmanjnd, n. to be tinged with anjan-y 

£ the mother of Hanuman; a lizard, a. 

}^{jf^ ^%tHHK anjati'sdr, m. collyrium. s, 
\Caffl ^V^rndil anjanikd, f. a kind of newt 

or lizard, a. 

4J;V^ ^%<^^»^ anjanhdrh f* a stye (or 

itithe) on the eyelids. A. 
^ mrftft anjanx, f. a woman perfumed 
"with sandal, &c. a medicinal plant used as a sedative 

and laxative. ^ 

S^li^nju 1 m. a tear; (see ^t 
y^ iriP^ anjhu, J 5^5). h, 
jAjfl l»iaftta»jir, m. a fig. p. 
Ja^ \ injt/, m.tbe New Testament, Gospel, g, 
jT iri^ dnch, f. beat, flame of a fire (not of 

•candle), glare, blaze ; (in Bakh.) aahes of cow-dung./*. 

U^ im\ vncha, bigb, lofty (for wickd). h. 
U\ ancha, m. tbe post for letters, a stage or 

stati<Mi on the rood, d. 

65 ) J31 

L>*>^^ ^TH^TO unchas, forty-nine. s. 
(^l^^ kmn unchdsf f. beigbt, elevation, A. 
^^1^1 unchdn^ beigbt, elevation, d. 
Ul^\ "^^nvn unchdndt a. to raise, to take np. #•• 

9 \^\ ^§^^ unchdtUy m. ] 

*, ,, . . ,_, - I elevation, 

liulbV^i ♦'ITW unchahaU f. r , . , 
^ *' beigbt. s. 

^^yW I *^nf^ unchdyi, f. J 

OJfrl^\ lV«nn^ an-chdhati not desired, j. 

O^' Vtir^ff an-chity unaware, sudden ; adv. 

suddenly. A. U^S' •• 

dA^l ^Rf^RT an-uchitt improper, unbecom- 

j^\ ^PT^T anuchar, m. a companion, a fol- 
lower, an attendant anuchartt f. a female companion, a. 

*^T ^Nt dnchar, [ m. the bem of a cloak 
\j^\ ^^ra anchrd, J or veil ; a border at 

the end of a veil, shawl, &c. a. 

J^^ W^ anchaU 1 m. breast (of a woman 
J^T ^rra^J dnchol, J or lactescent animal); 

the hem of a cloak or veil ; a border of a veil or shawl, a. 

^)^\ ^9^r^ anchld, m. tbe bem of a cloak, 

&c., a sheet, used among Jogls. a. 

^Uiil a»-cAun an, even as, just as. p, 
^J^ h%^^ vnch-ntcht ups and downs of 

life, vicissitude, high and low, particulars, a. 

^\ vH dnchu, m. tbe raspberry, kald dnchuf 

the hill bramble. A. 

dJL\ dn-chij tbat wbicb, whatsoever, p, 
Ia^\ vRff^3tT an-ichchka, f. indifference, ab- 

sense of desire, a. 
^|l«^ \ ^H^1<?1 an-chhildy unlicked, rude ; 

unpared (as fruit, &c,). A. 

U>v->^ L5^Jr**»^ tj^^ ttwcAi sirht charknd, to 

to mount a high ladder, i.e. to obtain a high rank, d, 

\j^\ anchendf m. valuation or estimate of 


growing crops : it is also called kan-kut, q. v. d. 

i^\j^\ inhirdf (in Dakb. also inhirafi)» de- 
flection, inversion, change ; met to prove a turncoat ; 
recantation, deviation from the meridian, chiefly ap- 
plied to the bearing of the temple of Mecca ; declina- 
tion of a heavenly lx>dy ; a disease, defect, distemper, a, 

jUa^\ inhisdr, m. surrounding, encircling, a, 
^\i^\ inMifdf, m. levity, lightness, a. 
Ji£>-\dj\ andahhtan (r. andaz), to cast, to 

throw down. p. 

Ij;>.\j3\ anddkhta» cast away, thrown, p. 
j\,^\ anddvy a narrative, story, tale, fiction, p. 
\Ji^\ j^f<KI inddrd, ra. a large well built of 

solid masonry. A. 


j\dS\ andaz, \ m» yalaation» guess ; weigh- 
tj\di\ anddzaj ing, measurement; time 

in mtuic; mode, manner; (in comp.) throwing, aa 
barlj^-andaz, a thrower of lightning, a matchlockman. 
anddz-ptUfl, £ an estimate of the value of a growing 
crop. p. 

fSdJ) andam, m. body» Btature» figure, an- 

damunihanit pudendum ffudierU, p, 

jdj\ andar, within, inside, in ward] j. p. 
jJjI ^sf[ indra^ m. the king of the Devatas, 

the regent of the Tisible heaven; the thunderer. 
indr<»rdwadashi, the 12th day of the month Bhadra, 
a festival in honour of Indra. ». 

jf^\ nfiTS a-nidr^ awake, sleepless, s. 

\ji^\ indira, f. the goddess of wealth, s. 

«^^(33\ indirajf m. becoming extinct(a family ) ; 
being folded together, insertion, a. 

^2;M>]^i33f ^^[^n^^ indrasaUf m. the throne of 

Indra. #. 

j3]^j3^ !^«5nift or i(5l*ft indrdnl, f. the wife 

** of Indra; the name of a medicine or plant {Vltex ne- 
gundo), t, 

OjI;*^ ^^^^^^^ (v. indrayan). d. 
^J>!^^^\ ^jnro indrayan^ f. colocynth, wild 

gourd ; a fruit of beautiful appearance, but bitter taste 
XCucumis coloeynthU) : hence a beautiful but worthless 
person is called indrayan kd pftalt the fruit of in- 
drayan, 9. 

yb(V; j31 l^C^^ indra-badhuy f. name of an 

insect (a species ofacams, of a scarlet colour like vel- 
vet) ; the wife of Indra. t. 

t,^'iMj>jdj\ ^^ijf^ indra-fyrtutha, one of the 

names of ancient DihlL s. 
bbj^^j3^ ^'^ii t n^d l indra-prohitd, f. the 

asterism Pushya. «. [dra. i. 

^jiJ'^^ ^"53^ indra-^tiri, f. the city of In- 

Jl>^t3J^ ^•^'9|l<$ indra jdlf m, deception, 

cheating, juggling: trick or stratagem in war. in- 
drajdli, m. a conjuror, juggler; adj. deceptive, un- 
reiu. 1. 

f^j^\ ^'^TW or ^[^S^ indra^aUf to. name 

of a medicinal seed that grows on the plant karajjd, 
q. V. ; {Sparrouft tongue^ Nerium antidysentericum), t, 

j.()jt andaraz, m. last will ; last advice, pre- 
cepts, or admonitions, p. 

I«^j31 W«T^lh an-darsd, m, a kind of fried 

sweetmeats, a kind of cloth (see adarsa). h, 

i^i^j^^ ^<h1cj& indra-ntlf m. a sapphire, s, 
<i^Alu > ^j3\ ^%«l1c^4k indra-ntlaky m. an 

emerald, t. 

j^.tX>\ andanvdr (Jorandarun) within. (L 
O^J^^ ^Tu/arun, within, inner apartments, 

interior, p, 

9Jt^jt^\ andaruna, internal, relating to the in- 
side, p, 

^•^(331 andaruni, internal, intrinsic, p. 


{^^^ iij^t indrif \ f. the senses (intenial 

(^(^3^ ^ff^ indriya, j and external), organs 

of action and perception (those of action are the hand, 
the foot, the voice, the <^gan of generation and the 
organ of excretion ; those of perception, the mind, the 
eye, the ear, the nose, the tongue, and the skiu); 
the privities, membrum virile^ veretrum animaluim. 
indrijulidb, a diuretic medicine, indriya-gydn^ m. the 
faculty of perception, sense, consciousness, s. 

^^^t3j\ ^^^9T indu^reMid, f. a digit of the 

moon. t. 

c^<33\ indifd'f m. warding off, repelling, a. 
CiJ j3\ andahy little, small, few. andaki, f. a 

small portion or number, p, 

Jidi\ andakd7'f m. 1 darkness, obscurilj ; 
(^Oi33i andakdri, f. J adj. dark, d, 

^ j3^ andld (for andhld q. v.), blind, dark, d, I 
JUj31 indimdlf m. recovering, getting well 

of a wound, a. 

^^ jil ll«jf<{H anudin, every day, daily. «. 
jJ3I ^Vn^ dnduy m. the chain or rope with 

which the feet of elephants are tied np. a. 

jIjJjI ^•^^K hiduwdr, m. the day of the 

moon, Monday. «. 

AJ^jfc^^l andoUkta, acquired, gained ; m. 

gain, acquisition. p» [crusted, p, 

djdJ>\ anc^ (in eomp.)» besmeared, en- 
jj jjt l^sR indur, m. a rat, mouse, t. 
Jlji^jl andoz, in comp. gaining, acquiring, p. 

^^^^ V«|^<$^ andolnd, n. to swing, «. 
SjJjI andohy m. grief, anxiety, trouble j an-^ 

dah-gin, full of grief, sad, afflicted, p* 

^^\ V^ andh, m. darkness ; adj. blind. 

andh-tamas, m. g^at darkness. «. 
Ub(33) #i|T andhdy adj. blind, dark, andhd 

dhOnd, blind, blindly, anditd dhund rond^ to weep ex- 
cessively, andhd dhund lutdnd^ to squander, spend 
extravagantly, andhd ku,d or andhd- kup^ m. a well 
filled up with rubbish, andhd-ti^eh (Dakh.), prodi- 
gality, extravagance, s, 

\j\s^dJ>\ andhdrd, dark, obscure, d, 
fCj\jbS^\ andhdri, f. darkness, obscurity, 

cloudiness ; a blind over a horse's eyea. d. 
\j^^\ "V^^nn andhatdy f. blindness. «, 
v^IibiV^ VP9M andhah, m. a blind man ; a 

man's name ; adj. blind, s. 

jK^ Jj\ ^hnff^ andkakdr, m. darkness. $, 
^.Kfcjil andkakdrd, m.1 darkness, obscurity, 
(oKibjj) andhakdrt, f j cloudiness, s, 
^oif ^n^l9T andhld (see U(33^ andhd), 

blind, s. 

^^l^«p) V^9IMH andhldpan, m. blind- 
ness; iuteUectual; acting as if one were 
blind, h. 


f^ci\ iljn mikanf m. fire-wood. «• 

^J^ci\ ^nrn an-dhanj m. wealth, botb in 

gnia and oc^d, properly anna-dhan. #. 

bj^i33f V«^i|| an-(f Ao^a^unwashed^UDclean. «• 

t>di\ andht, f. stonily burricEDe, tempest ; a 

dafkemng or loaring of the sky. dmiAt-ik., to en* 
gage keenly in a bad action. A. [darkness, c 

lU^iX>\ ^rf^^mntl andhiyara^ blind, dark ; m. 
jA^«X>\ 41^ andheTf m. darkness, misfortune, 

*eslaaiity, ii^iiatioe, tumult andher-k,, to tyraonlae, 
oppress. A. 

\jhsA lA^to andhera, dark; m. darkness. 

(See atdhiyara\ andhtrhkothrt, f. dark room } the 
beDy; the worn D. A. 

g^j3\ V^^ andhert, f* darkness, a blind 
fticahone. «. 

^C^jSt V9|Vhf an-o^in, independent. «. 
^i\St andesh, tbinking, contriving; nsed 

in oomp. as bad-attdeA q. t. p, 

dJUlJiiJt andesh-nak or andesh-mand, 

thoagfatfnl, anxious, p, [anxiety, p, 

^\sLidi\ andeskndhi or andeshrmandif f. 
Im1j»(P1 ande$ha, m. tbongbt, meditation, sus- 

^on, care, ooncem. on^f Ao-ilr., to reflect, to hesi- 
tate, to fear. p. 

i3>mJJ j!>\ andesha-mand, full of anxiety, p. 
isSM9JL>Si\ andesha-mandlf anxiousness, 

j^^jjlIj* j3\ andeslitdan, to consider to reflect, p, 

^6 j3) Wi^fTT an-dekha, not yet seen, undis- 
covered, invinlile. A. 

JJl HH an^ (vulgarly 33T on^Z or anr), m. 
PahnaChrisa(Jtki«ifMi^arM). A. 

li\ m^ andy m. an egg ; a testicle. an4'ko$ 

or cbh^AmA, a hernia or rupture. «• 

«^ I VIH or VT^ ane{ or onr, kn. a testicle, 

the scrotum ; semen genltale. t • 

\Si^ vm anda (also an^^a), m. an egg. s. 
m^\^V^[^ andaj (lit. egg-born), oviparous. 

ahiid. i. 

|J3j\ on^^ra or andra, m. an egg. d. 

K^l ^mnr aniAa, m. an egg; also used for 

oMo, a pannier, or rather one of the bags forming 
aps&nicr. A. 

giy33\ fl^H^Ail and'kosh, m. tbe scrotnm, 

tiietestides; rupture, hernia, s. 
U)j3I undatna, a. to pour out water, &c. d. 

U)331 andcdna, to consider, to determine or 
settle, tf.' 

j3jI V!l|^anJt(, baving large testicles, andu 

AoiAabulL In DaAAoni it if said to mean a bull with 
one tcttide. f. 

b*^^ ^]l^fn indu,a, m. a bead cushion for 

csRying a burden on. A. 

( 67 ) ^\ 

(^jiiot andfva,i, f. a swelled testicle, d. 

{j^^\ V^ i^4^9^f f' a head or crown orna- 
ment ; also a cushion, ▼. ifi^a ,a. A, 

\JiJfM^^ii3\ande'Sekna, to bring fortb young; 

to keep one's own house. an4^ melk kl Kordt, applied 
to one who is raw and inexperienced, d, 

J^.3j! iui^9 andel, oviparous; pregnant 

(bird). A. 

Ub"^^ ^^<j&HI undelnay a. to pour water. A. 
\i>d\^\ ^V^nVT anuradhaf f. tbe 17tb lunar 

mansion, designated by a row of oblations ; stars in 
Libra, s. 

v±/l^^l ir^iin anurag, m. affection, love, s, 
U^IPI HjiUHl anurdgnd, n. to be in love 

with. «. [loving, caressing. «. 

lS^jo^ WJtPft anuraglf making friendship, 

0^^\ in4 an-^rth, unmeaning, fruitless, ab- 
surd, improper. «• [restrained «• 

^ J|!>\ VlfdMI a^mruddha^ unobstructed, un* 
{,j»ij>^ W«T^ ari'^aSf m. want of flavour or 

enjoyment; disgust, nauseousness; ooolnesa distaste^ 
misunderstanding between friends. $, 

0*;^^1 ^WTCIT anfhras, m. cbyle. «. 
jj^l v0i9<9 Ornirmal, dirty, foul. $. 
^J\ ^rf^f^ a^ntmay, m. uncertainty. «• 

^J>\ ^Tjpift aw-Wm, unindebted. $. 

cL^iyl ^R^iY anttrif^, like, conformable; m. 

conformity. «. 

.JJ^jyi^ ^rfVrt^nfhr a-nirvachanlyaf^xiot fit 
^jjil iiffff^vi a-nirvackya^ J to be 

spoken, indefinable. «. [ness. «. 

>i>iiy I ^FT^ anurodh, m. service, obliging- 
ulA^i V^^ an-rit, f. unmannerliness, ill- 

behaviour, f. 

jiT ^Bmj anr, m. a testicle (v. and). 
J^\ inzal, m. emission, sending down; 

emUih seminU, a. 

Ojijji^ an^rarui, m. sarcocoUa ; (gum-resin, 

said to be from Penaa mueronata), a, p. 

\jy\ inziwa, retiring into a corner or cell (a 

recluse), a. [thing. A. 

(jM^T lKi^ ans, f. tbe fibrous part of any 

^j»3\ inSf men, mankind, tbe human race. a. 

i«-3\ M7W, m. friendship, love, afiection, so- 
ciety, companionship, a. 
/m3^#9 an$ or^i^anshf m. a part, division, 

share, right, possession; a degree of a circle; a frac- 
tion, the numerator of a fraction ; essence, aibvz- 
paira, a deed setting forth the shares of a property 
between the members of a HindQ family, aiksa hdrSt 
m. one who tskes a share of an estate ; a co-heir or 

joint sharer, fcc. t. gy 

F /6 


( 68 ) 


t,^\«*j^ ansah (pi. of l^jum}), generations^ 

fiimiiies. a. 
jU-3^ «lt|^K anusarj alike, according to ; 

m. conformity to usage, antuarit a<y. following, ac- 
cording with or to. «. 

^LJ\ imdrif in. raan, mankind, a. 

(j«3U»3l ^id^fri^ an^a^ or amhanshay m. a sub- 
division, a shore of a share, t, 

^L-il insaniy of or belonging to humanity, 

** peculiar to man, human. <s. 

CiAjL>LJ\ insantyatf f. humanity, human 

kindness; aflbbility. a. 

c^juaJ^ ansab, advisable, most proper, a. 

c1amJ\ anasat, f. intimacy, use, cheerfulness, a, 

^^jLjI TtHiV unsathf fifty-nine, s, 

jffj\lbi3^j«3^ ^^VMlii ansdhan, successful ; (in 
theology) incarnating, t. 

\jj^\ W^UMI anusama, n. to follow a per- 
son, to follow on some previous circamttance. i. 

(:£jLi\ ^[PnansikfS, partner; a proprietor, s. 

#4X«j\ VHr^fl an-siAA,unlearned,un taught, s. 
\^^***^\ Vfl^HHlT an-«iwi;7m,notunderstood.A. 
11m«3\ V^UH! an-suna, unheard,disregarded. h, 
^\ibb3Ju«J\ V^4I«VH anusandhdn, m. inquiry, 

investigation. «. 

\JJ>^J^\ vrg^ft^ftfTflnw/wi-A., a. to pretend 

nol' to hear wliat is spoken ; to disregard, h. 
yt^] llriH dnsu, m. a tear, dnsu bliar^lana, 

to have the eyes filled with tears, t, • 

j^y^] fl«J4^K anusrvdra, m. the nasal dot or 

character in Dcvanagar!. #. 

Am^I^mjI ^MNJiV: answdnsa^ m. a measure 

of land, twenty of which make a pllwd^a, h, 

^2/rj{j^^ iw5 ojinitf m. men and spiints. a, 
^^^\ ^rtft or W^ aiisi or an«/it, a partner, 

" sharer, co-heir. 8, [taught. «. 

\^ V jL^ !> \ ^R^AlSTT an-sikhd, uninstrncted, un- 
Ij^uu^l uTuiyain (for utmyaint), the two 

testicles, a. 

Ll3\ inshd, writing, composition, elegance of 

style, the belles lettres. inshd-parddzi, f. writing, let- 
ter-vmting. a. 

JUS^tf \ \J^\ in-skd alWiU fa did, if God the 

*' most High willeth ; Deo volente. a. 

1^jL13\ ^rfvfVT an-fsAf/m, f. unsted fastness, un- 
steadiness, f. [forbidden, s. 

«Jb4Xl3\ 'UfoirWH ari'ishiddha, unprohibited, tin- 
j\^\ antdr (pi. of j#^U), assistants, friends 

(of Muhammad), applied to the inhabitants of Medina 
who first embraced the Islam religion, a. 

^Cj\^\ ansdriy a tribe of Muhammndan 
^/Mijj[ft«,suppoaed to have come originally fromMedinu o. 

uJL^\ inidf, m. decision (of a cause); equity, 

Justice. infSf-tjcdabt one who seeks for justice, a. 

^|^4a>\ insirdm, m. completion, end. a* 

J^buo^l inzibdt, f. beins: bound or determined, 
restraint; self-controL a. [printed, a. 

fiUli^^ intiba, being impressed or stamped, 
jllai\ anzdr (pi. of^^), looks, eyea. o. 


^U^\ tn'aiFi, m. a present, a gift, tn am-u 

t'Ardm, an honourable gift. Mam-ka-jHUsa, prize moaey. 
in*dmi altam g^d . a g^ant under the royal seal. in*dmi 
J^anungo^ an assignment of rent-free land to a village 
accountant au'dtn, gifts, a. 

iJl,f^\j6\ indynat, f. a gift, a benefaction; an 

assignment of rent-free land. a. 

^j*>Kjo1 iniJids, m. being turned upside down ; 
reflexion (from a mirror),repercussion,reverbeitttion.a. 

j\ij\ anfdr (pi. of •&>), individuals, persons, 

soldiers, servants, a. [rita. a. 

{^jJ<io\ anfds (pi. of ij-ii), breathings, spi- 
iki^^* anfikkfif m. rennet, leaven; a substance 

tending to produce fermentation ; a term in medicine 
(The word is apparently a corruption of the Arabic 
it{fa^at). d. 

JLAfl)\ inftsdlf m. decision, termination (of a 

cause) ; division, separation, settling. v\/ifdl'k., to 
settle, to decide (corruptly infisdli). a. 

JUa3^ injidlf m. 8hame,confusion,modo8ty'. a, 
{^\jSj\ inJiibdZfTn. detention, constipation, a. 
aUmSSI inhisdm, m. division, dividing, a. 

LiEi\ inhizd, m. the expiration of any term ; 
adij. elapsed, ended, fulfilled, accomplished, finished, 
completed, a. 

c\kiu\ inhitaf m. being broken, cut off, cessa- 
tion, failure, separation, adjustment a. 

l^^Ia3\ inhUdb, m. revolution, vicissitude, 

alteration, change, inversion, transposition, a. 

(>Ua3\ inkiydd, m. fidelity, submission, obe- 
dience, compliance, a. 

wdiil yg\w dnk, ^m. a letter of the alpha- 
lib^ WJ or ihF on A J bet; a figure, a nimi- 

ber (in contradistinction to sun or ff«»n4, a dot or 
cypher) ; the stamp on coins, plate. &c ank-kdr, m. an 
assayer ; a mark (on cloth, pointing out the price) ; the 
flank or part above the hip ; embrace, the bosom ; (for 
anff) a share, portion, dnk-ddr, a sharer. ». 

uiJ^t dnak, m. a kettle-drum, a kind of large 
drum beaten only at one end. s. 

jKj\ hihdry denial, refusal, disavowal, a. 
UK3) ^9irnn ankdnd, a. to cause to value, 

to prize, to examine (as cloth), to approve of. «. 

^^i^jjiST Vliw4^n dnk'bandi, f. an adjustment 

of rents, h. 

{Z^\ ^Afwif ankit, marked, spotted, paged, 

counted. #. 

%Za xA ^RV cm-ukty not told ; m. a trope, s. 
\jX}\ ankattaAm. a bank, a prop or support, 
&Ax>\ ankafa^ J a dam or embankment in a 

river; a lock, d, 

jX>l cmhar^ more or most wicked, very ofFen- 

aave, disipleafliiig or detestable, a. 

jx>l vl#i. ankar (for akar), having come. s. 

jO? ^V^ atikur^ 1m. the first sprout from 

jX>\ ^^<\ ankurdfj a seed (after planting), 
a shoot, a plantlet, a germ. «. 

^^\ ^'^^iEiV onukram, m. order* method, sue-* 

cesnoo, series. «. 

i^yG\ wuft flnAri, f. a kind of vetch (FVda 
aoiico) ; wet grain ; a yonng sprout s. 

<^?j^1 ^vtlK^ dnkriy') f. (also an^ri), the 

i^Ixi 1 ^liinft dhkrij barb of an arrow ; 

a circle, a hook, tenter, catch ; a tendril, a cirrhus ; 
a fishing-hook, h, 

(j«x)l dn-kcUf that person, whosoevert &c. p. 
^jmX>I ^ihre, ^^nr, ^Nr9 dnitas, ahkas, or 

oAkut, m. the iron with which elephants are driven, 
a goad, ankut «dni4, to bring to obedience, to reduce 
to 8ubmii»ion. Some European writers (probably the 
King of Oude's cockney barber) have corrupted the 
word into *'hawku8s" or "horkuss,** vid. Lib. of Enter- 
taining Knowledge, vol. The Elephant, p. 15. s 

A«mX>\ inkudr (corruptly inkUdrx)^ m. being 
rooted, humility, want of courage, despcmdency. a. 

iLjiiS\ inki^qf^m. being eclipsed (the sun), a. 

j\JL!ij\ inkiskdff detection, disclosure, a. 

t^J^\ V|f^ or ^B^V^ anhsi or ahhusi, f. a 

*" book, a tenter. «. 

^jtio) ^nnr or ^ri^r^ (^n^vsk or dnhiuhf same 

aa dmkas, an elephant's goad. a. 

^JiSi\ ^^NnK ankak, m. an accountant, arith* 

metieian. «> 
\xjQ\ H «l IIMI I anukampdf f. tenderness, pity. 5. 

Uio) ^VIFTT anJifid, n. to be valued, prized, 

examined, approved of ; a. to mark, page a book, dis- 
tingnish a thing by some mark. s. 

vjiot ^ri^B|«n anhndy a. to mark, to page, to 
write numbers; to value, to examine, to approve of. s, 

j^jX>\ ^Nf^TC ankwdr, f. an embrace, the 

boaom. tmhoar bkama, to embrace, t, 

CLf^^^ ^nr^ anna-kutf m. a festival cele- 
brated by Hindiis on the day following the Dcwali, 
by offtring a large quantity of meats to the god. s, 

\l>^ijX>\ ircf^nrr anka-vldyd^ f. arithmetic, s. 

]«^1 VK ankur^ 1 

/-\ * _ r^^-a sprout, 5. 

JT^ ^WCI ankuroj) 

m ) 


\j*^t ankord, m. a large hook, a kind of 

grapnel, d. 

{}yi\ ^H'^cji' awt^H/, coinciding, favourable, 

conformable, acting in concert with, anukulatd, f coin^- 
cidence, concert, concord, anukulya, m. assistance, 
patronage, t. 

M^l dn-ki, he or she who, that which, p* 
0^\ ^n?l dnkkf f. the eye. dnhh-anjam, f. a 

stve on the eyelids, ankh ont, to have an inflammation 
of the eyes, to be blear-eyed, ankh bachdna, to steal 
away privately and unseen, dnkh &a^a/»a. to withdraw 
one's favour or aiTection from any one. dnkh bardbar 
na km- sakna^ (not to be able to look stedfastly in an- 
other's face), to be ashamed, dnkh band kar lent, to 
turn from another, to treat one with neglect ; to die. 
dnkh bharke dekhnd, to look till one's curiosity is fully 
satisfied, dnkh bhar land, to have eyes full of tears, to 
be ready to cry. dnkh pasdmd, (obsolete) to open one's 
eyes, to stare, to be wise and prudent, to discriminate, 
to discern, to be judicious, dnkh pathrdni, (from pat- 
thoTt a stone), to become dim (the eyes) from long ex- 
pectation, dnkh pJtajrakni, to feel a pulsation in the eye, 
considered as an omen of some desirable event, as the 
meeting of friends. U meh ddhni dnkhjohpharkl, dil meh 
shad huyd ki yih shugun acfichhd hat. On this, feeling a 
pulsation in the right eye, he (RajaDushmanta) rejoiced 
in his heart, conceiving it to be a favourable omen. 
Sakuntald Ndtak : (a pulsation in the right eye of a 
man, or the left of a woman, is a favourable omen, the 
reverse disastrous), dnkh phutni, to be blind, dnkh 
phufi, pif ga,iy the eye is lost, and the pain is gone 
(spoken of a contention, which has ceased by the object 
of it being lost to both parties), dnklt-phofd, m. a 
midge, that flies ioto the eyes at night, dnkh phornt, 
to make blind; to expect or watch in vain, dn/rh 
pherniy to shew aversion after friendship (see dnkh 
mopit). dnkh pher lend, to turn away the eyes (as from 
grief, displeasure, &c.). dnkh phaildnd (see dnkh pa- 
sdmd). dnkh Viandi kami, to have consolation by 
meeting friends, to be glad, dnkh jorni, to look sted- 
fastly (inelegant^ dnkh jhapaknd, (to have eyelids 
joined, to move ttiem quickly), to fear, dnkh churdnt, 
(to steal eyes), not to attend to, to avert eyes throuffh 
shame, dislike, &c., to avoid the sight of any one. dnkh 
charhdni, to be angry ; to be intoxicated, dnkh charhnd, 
to have eyes marked by debauch, dnkh chamkdni, to 
make the eyes dance (to roll one's eyes) in anger, or 
as a blandishment, dnkh chhipdni {to hide one's eyes). 
to be ashamed of an improper act. dnkh chir chtr 
dekhnd, and dnkh chirke dekhnd^ to look with great at- 
tention and deep meditation ; with anger, dnkh ddbni, 
(to shut one's eyes), to forbid by signs, dnkh dikhdni 
or dikhldnh (to shew one's eves), to frighten, to restrain, 
to brow-beat, dnkh dekhke kucJth kamd, to do any 
thing after consulting the inclination of another, dnkh 
4abdabdni, to fill the eyes with tears, dnkh ^^akni, 
(obsolete, to have eyes shut) ; to die ; to be ashamed. 
dnkh rakhnl, to love, to entertain friendship ; to have 
hope ; to discern, dnkh surl[]i karnl, to be angry, dnkh 
se dekhke kuchh-k,, to do any thing knowingly and with 
reflection, dnkh se glmd (to fall from eyes), to become 
contemptible, ankh senkni, to contemplate the beauty 
of any one. dnkh kisl se roshan-k., (to obtain a look 
from any one), to meet (visit) a friend or person of rank. 
dnkh kisl kl dekhni (to look at one's eves), to receive 
education in any one's company, dnkh khafaknJ, to have 
pain in the eyes, dnkh kholnd (see dnkh pasdrnd). dnkh 
garm kamt (see dnkh senkni). dnkh ghuraknd, to look 
at with anger, dnkh lardni, to wink as a hint, to com- 
municate a secret by signs, dnkh lapti, to encounter 
the eyes of another ; to meet with one's lover unex- 
pectedly, dnkh lagdnh to contract friendship or affec- 
tion for any one, to fall in love, dnkh mdmi, to wink ; 
to stop any one by a sign ; to make amorous signs with 
the eyes, dnkh michaunpal, m. dnkh michanli, f. blind- 
man's bufr(Pers. sarnidmak). dnkh mt/ani (to exchange 
looks), to contract friendship, dnkh milni, to look 


( TO ) 

Btedfastly. Snkh ndnek Jana, to die, to perish. anJth 
fnorni («ee Snkh phemiy, ankh mundke ek chiz ka t^ 
tiydr-k.t to choose or accept precipitately or inooasis- 
tentlv. ankh miindni (see ankh band kar lent), ankh 
mundaurd, m. hlindnum's buff, ankh na rakhnl (not to 
have eyes, not to look), to have do hope or expectation ; 
to be mentally blind, ankh nam kamd (see ankh bhar 
Idna), to have the eyes full of tears, ankhoik par baifhnd 
(to sit on eyes), to be beloved, to sit or cause to sit on 
a very elevated place ; to become dignified, ank/io^ 
ka sntlabi kamd (to have the redness of the eyes), is 
applied to a look of intoxication or wantonness, dnkhoti 
mek and, to intoxicate (applied espedally to wine). 
dnkhoA meh phirndf to be always present in one's eyes, 
to be ever in one's mind. OMkhoA meik pen lend, to be 
at ease, secure, &c dnkhmk meik eharbi ehhdndt to be 
wilfully blind, to pretend from pride not to know one's 
old acquaintance, dnkhoii meik Wtk 4dlnd (lit. to throw 
dust in one's eyes) ; to commend or puff wares of an 
inferior quality ; to pilfer or snatch away any thing 
quickly and privatelv. dnkhaik meik khuraknd, to be 
seen with envV and dislike, dnkhoik meik ghar kamd, 
to be beloved or esteemed ; to persist in one's ovm 
erroneous opinions, dnkhoik meik rat kdfad or tejdnd, to 
pass the night awake, ankhdk^wald, m. (lit •<a man 
with eyes "). a spy, an inspector, one of the secret po- 
lice, dnkheik dekhnd, to study one's temper or inclina- 
tion ; to behave respectfully towards another, dnkheik 
nth pill kamt, to change the colour of the face from 
excess of anger, t. 



an-hhat, m. dislike, aversion, d. 
Wg^T5F anukhcU, m. a creek. #. 
^n«i*fi or v||ff|«fi ankhandy n. to be 

angry or displeased, to be peevish or fretful, h. 

JV^i iDti^iQi dnkkdyUy m. valuation (by the 

eye without measurement) of a growing crop. «. 
U^SJl^SftrmawMtyaJ pars or beams, d, 

^;4r^^ (^i^^han^ m. the space between two pil- 

^U^x;^ itflinit ankhiydn, f. the eyes, amo- 
rous glances, a, 

ul^l w^ dn^f a demand on each head of 

cattle for pasture, an agistment, h, 

klX>\ WTff dn^Am, the body, a limb, dng 

i^Jj\ ^I3f angaj ko lagnd, to be firm or 

confirmed; to have effect; a member, portion, anga- 
nydta, act of touching diflbrent parts of the body as a 
religious exerdse. #. 

viX)\ Wgn antig or anugaj m.a follower, a 

servant ; adj. following, succeeding. 9, 

\^\ W]P angdy ra. a coat or upper-garment, 

a long tunic worn alike by the Hindus and Musal- 
mans : the former tie it on the left, the latter on the 
right breast. », 

^\ wyr angdf f. a nurse, la maid whose busi- 
ness it IB to hold, watch, and amuse a child. A. 

J^\ ^jri^ angdr^ 1 m. embers, sparks j 

^drdy J w; 

\j^\ Wyro angdrdy J wrath, rage ; a fire- 
brand, fire, a spark, a bit of fire, angdr or angdroi 
nor lopnd, to be highly enraged, particularly from jea 
lousy, angdr kd klfd, m. a salamander, h, 

jlGl myrft angdri, f. a small fire-pan. 5. 

^^Sij\C\ angdridan,') to reckon, compute, 

;j;I-i»lG1 angdsktan, J suppose, imagine, p. 

^^^1 WgiTTift anugdmi, following, conse- 
"quent upon, devoted to, imitating. «. 

^j;*Axi< angabm, m. honey (Arab. anjabtn).p. 
CUGl iRmr anugat, m. a follower, adj. 

gone after, dependent oa« attached tOw «. 

CaCI jf^ ingit, m. hint, sign, gestar^; 

motion ; inquiry, research. #. 

»ilG\ angaddiya, m. a man who carries 

monej^ or jewels concealed in bis quilted dothec K 

i^]^\ ^n^\\ angra,t, f. yawning (▼. on- 

graj), h, 

14^1 ^Jtxm angarkhd, m. aooat, gown, 

jacket, doublet, an upper garment s. 

ifi^ Wgrni anugrah, m. favour, kindnesB, 

indulgence. #. 

ifyOS ^nti angufi (same as anguli), f. a 

finger, a finger's breadth. «. [England. 

j>j^\ angrez or ingrez (vulg. angre}, &c.), 

(/}?^^ angrezi, English, the English lan- 
guage (the term is of Portuguese origb). 

^^;^^1 ^iliimx angrihfid, m. a vest, coat, &c. 

(v. angarkhd. «. 

^]j^\ ^3r?ini afigrdnd, n. to yawn, to stretch 

the limbs), to owdtate. k, 

<^I>G1 ^wvk o*" ^■■^a«^.ra,i or angrd^t, f. 

stretching the limbs, yawning, ko, h, 

Tij^\ WWPf an-garh, 1 unwrought, on- 
^J^\ ysniVT^ an-garhd,} formed; iineda* 

cated, unlicked, unfinished, unset (as a ringor jewel)^ 
angarhi bdt, inconsistent or ill-arranged speech. A. 

viLwGI angusht, f, a finger, angushii-hairat 

ddntoA mal rakhnS, to bite the finger, or place it be- 
tween the teeth to express surprise, p, 

^^\lL^i\ angushtdn, T m. a ring (particn- 

ftilllXi^ angushtdnaj larly the one worn on 
the thumb); a thimble, p. 

^y^S^\ angushtari, f. a ring, particularly 

one worn on the finger, not applied to that on th« 
thumb, p. 

ViilA-*X>l angusht-numdy one who is pointed 
at, famous ^in a good or bad sense, but in India most 
frequently in a bad one), notorious. caigushtHomd^t, 
act of pointing out with the finger, p, 

,4jL1X>^ ^IJJ? afigushtha, m. the thumb, t. 
J-Cil ^)f^ or W«9 ungal or angul, m. the 

thumb, a finger, s, 
^^11*161 inglutdn or anglistdn, England, p, 
^J^\ i M^l, ^Iff^, ^ysft ungit, angli, or an- 

fw/i, f. a finger, a finger^s breadth, pair ki ungli, a toe. 
aldmklungli, forefinger, bich kl un^/i, middle-finger. 
kan ungli, little finger, trngli kd nok, tip of the finger. 
UR^/i Aa/Jia, to be astonished. «. 

viLA-AC>\ ^i%z flw&<,f. appearance, person, h. 

^jmAG\ angUs or tngUsj English, tbe term 

b genenlLj applied to an invalided soldier.- 
grJ«v.i-GT «IJ|i4f1 ang-mart, f. yawning, 

ftretdiing the bodj (a dog, &C.). K 

I2;«J5I Vvf'IMH anugaman, m. (the going after) 

applied to the ceremony of burning a Hindu widow 
wiio baa heard of her husband's death when from 


^^\ 'W^fHungaUjia. dozing, drowsiness (from 

opium &C.) ; Rasing a wheel to set it asleep, i.«. to 
prerent creaking. &. 

^j^GT ^njfff anganXm, (also angna) j yard, 
VjJS) '%i[1PKi angnuy J area, court, inclosed 

■pace adljoining to a house, s. 
UGt V^DlKII an-ginaf uncounted, number- 

leaa. angina maJuna, the eighth month of a woman's 
pregnancy, h. [(same as an^oii). *. 

t^^\jjj\ ^V]pn^ angna,%, f. a yard, area, &c, 
Wtffh^nf or VlffJ|(Vlri an-ginat or 

H, wiooonted, beyond calculatioii. s. 

fJuJS\ il«f0lQ4^ aifgititi, uncounted, count- 

"'leas, nnmberlesa. «. 

^JJ51 9T«ft ungnty f* drowsiness, &c. (v. 

jC>\ angut in front, before, peceding. d. 
UySl VJF^KI angmaraf tbe proprietor of a 

email portion of a Tillage ; mutual aid in tillage. A. 

(JL>y3\ ^rftt ongoff f. appearance, person 

(same aa angef)t A. 

K^^Cj] ^VHTT angithdf m. thumb* angufha 

dikhama, an attitude used by women in blandishment, 
aa a tc^en of prohibition, to brare, defy, && angufha 
ckmmna, to flatter. #• [the finger. 9. 

^c^y5) ^l^nrt angutkh f* a ring worn on 
V^>-y5\ vitm angoehhd, m. a cloth which 

Hindus &sten round their waists when bathing, and 
afterwards wipe themselves with; a towel, a oand- 
kerchiet k, 

j^G\ itnguTy m. a grape ; granulations in a 

bealingsore. tmgSr hanna or kond, to become sound 
and healthy (appued to a wound), p, 

]j^^ ^nf^ Angora, m. a midge, a gnat h, 
gr^ySf angun, of or belonging to the grape, p, 
9J%^^ ^4i(i.m angauriyay m. a ploughman ; 

also, allowing the use of a plough instead of paying 
wages in money or kind. A. 

s:y3\ anguzot m. assafoetida. p. 

U5y51 tf^HTT angaungay perquisites from the 

threafaing-floor to the BrShman, GurO, && A. 

&GT ottrgah (for an-gaK) then, at that time. p. 
,^\ wn an^aghy blameless, free from guilt, b, 

jlG^ anghaty stupid, ignorant, angkar-pan, 

^\ ^ni^ angif corporeal, bodjly. $. 

( 71 ) fiT 

IxCt ^rf^in angiycLj f. m. bodice, stays, h. 
U£)i "^^rTITT anugyd, f. order, command, s. 
(JLulG 1 ^97 ^^^^^^9 f* appearancCf person. A. 
^^yjL^i angett, f. (v. a^efi) a flower-pot. d* 
^^ajl G I ^r^ia't or ^WW angethl or angttkif 

**£ a chafing-dish. A. 

^^jtf^^^! angekhtan (r. dngez,) to excite* stir 

up. p. 

jA^i anf/e^;, exciting; (used in comp.) as 

fitnorangezt strife-exciting, p, , 

U^jlCi angezndf a. to suffer, to experience, 

to bear, to excite, p. A. 

jij^A ^*f\w^K. angikdr, m. agreement, pro- 
mise, acquiescence, avowal, reception, accepting, 
agreeing to. angikar-k., to accept, agree to. s, 

CJjC^O\ inft^ angtkrit, agreed, promised. «• 

Jil ^fff^Ry anil, f. wind, breath, air. s, 

J3\ Vtf^ ana/, f. fire, a flame, a plant (^Plum" 

bago zeylanica and rosea). «. 

l«31 inncMudf for» surely not, only. a. 

U^t vfinwr anma» m. a superhuman faculty ; 

the subtle and invisible state, assumable by austere 
devotion. 4. 

d\^\ TiHT^fint/to^m.madness, extrayagance.f* 
\^\^\ TWII^f unmddd, mad, insane, s, 
^l-«^1 VtTTR anumdnf m. inference, logical 

conclusion, reasoning. $, 

^U^t V«4fl«f unman, m. a measure of size or 

quantity. #. 

v^U^T WMNirtl4i dnumanik, inferable, sub- 
ject to inference, probable, specious. «. 

iJl^\ W^iffw anumati, f. order or command, 

consent, pennission. t. 

C^\ Tf^H^ unmatt^ mad, insane^ crazy ; 
S^\ '9m^ unmad, J drunk, lustful, furious; 

salacious. unmattatOf t insanity, intoxication, s. 

^o^t ll«JHi.lQ anumaran, m« dying with (a 

husband), or foUowing in death, applied to a HlndQ 
widow. #. 

0ff^\ tn>V9 unrmkh, looking upwards. $, 
^y^\ "vf^/f^anmUy discordant,heterogeneou8.f • 
i^\ vflOHH animan, m. the same as antma. 
\j^\ W^sp!«n anmand, thoughtful, agitated, 

regretting, sad, troubled in mind, sickly, dissatisfied. <• 

(JL>U^f anmandt, doubt, perplexity, d. 

\j\l^\ anmanana, a* to perplex, dm 

^y^\ ^nwl^ an-mol, invaluable, beyond 

price. #. 

[J^\ T^ unmesh m. winking, twinkling 
of the eyelids, s. 



( 72 ) 


(Jf*^' 'W'^^ an-m«Z, heterogeneous; dis- 
cordant, t. 

(^» ^itin anan, m. face, visage, mouth, f. 

order, s. 

uiT vliTT a;iwa (for ana), n. to come. «. 

wl xim\ anna, a. to bringr. s, 

US\ ^B^ a7i7i5, a kind of male nurse, the nurse's 

husband, h, 

{j^\^\ xifiqiti anannas, m. a pine-apple. ^. 
j_^Uil awflnwojfi, made like a pine-apple, h. 
O^] VfTir an-ant, adj. boundless, endless, 

•eternal, infinite ; m. a name of the serpent that sup- 
ports the earth ; a name of the god Vishnu ; name of 
several plants ; a cord with fourteen knots, which the 
Hindus tie on their arm on the fourteenth daj of 
BhadoU, Shuklpaksh, which is sacred to Vishnu, and 
called Anant Chaudas or ChaturdashL anantata^ t 
eternity, anant-rashi^ f. infinite quantity, anant-rup, 
multiform, anant-vat, m. rigidity or paralysis of the 
muscles of the face and neck. s. 

*J^i ^nm an-anfi/a, infinite, endless ; m. in- 
finity, eternity. #. 

•Xi)! ^rTtp^r anand (or anand), m. pleasure, 

delight ; ease, tranquillity, content ; God. Supreme 
Spirit, dnand-may, blissfuL », 

C^i^\ Winrv^if ananditf overjoyed, de- 
lighted. «. 

C^dJ^\ Vfirfi^ a-nindit, unreproachable. s, 
t> jJT W^p^m anandata, f. joy, delight. «. 
MdSj I VMv<^«< dnand-kand, source of joy; 

an epithet of Krishna, t. 

i/f^\ ^Mn(l dnandi, delighted, rejoiced, s. 
(j**^^ Wit^F an-ansa, m. one who has no share ; 

excluded from a share (of an inheritance) on account 
of some legal flaw. s. 

clt61 ^t^CTian-ang, m. (literally, bodiless), the 

god K&ma. the HindQ Cupid. «. 

fj^\ ^1^ anfii, a female nurse, h, 

*• .-» 

yl lg\^dnw, m. the glutinous whitish matter 
or mucus voided by people afBicted with a tenesmus, s. 

yl ^^ anu or anu, m, an atom; adj. 

atomic, minute, t. 

^y\ 'Mgi^i anuTca, m. the place where men stand 

when throwing the bokd^ or water-bucket A. 

•^ JCJ "^^ anuvdd, m. repetition; answer. #. 

^^tiljil ^5^^T<i^ anuvddi, a defendant, oppo- 
nent. 8, [splendour, a. 
J^\ anrvar (pi. of^y ), lights, rays of light, 

0;ly^ vftr^ftir a-nivdrit, unchecked, un- 
opposed. 8. 

l**»lyl ^^rniT anwdsa, old, stale, seasoned j 

m. a handful of corn or grass cut in reaping, h, 
U***lyl ^qiti«ii anrvasna, a. to season (a new 

earthen vessel, by letting water remain in it some 
time), to rinse, a. 

^Iy\ anwa (pi. of gy), sorts, kinds, varie- 
ties ; a4j. various, diverse, anwa* o aiaam all sorts 
and kinds, a. 

c-^y^ W^ anupy incomparable, best, rare; 

m. a watery or moist soil. 8, 

(jbyl ^fj^Hiff anupdn, ro. a fluid vehicle 

wherewith to swallow medicine. 8, 

Oy\ iR'fTW anvit, connected with, possessed 

of, fraught with. *. 

CL>y\ W»f^ anwaf, m. a ring furnished with 

little balls, worn on the great toe. h, 

vy' ''••Jji anuthd, rare, wonderful, un- 
common. A. 

^^Ujiyl vi«1^in«f an-avadhdUj careless, inat- 
tentive ; also an-avadhanatdt f. carelessness, inadver^ 
tence, indlfibrence. «. 

jy\ anrvar, splendid, shining, resplendent, a. 

gr^y^ anwari, name of a Persian poet p, 

l^iL#»y^ VfT^^n an-avastkd, unstable, un- 
steady; incontinent; f. instability, absence of fixed 
state; uncertainty; incontinence. 8, 

jAuy ] VffillK a-navasar, busy, having no 

leisure ; inopportune ; m. want of leisure, imseason- 
ableness. 8, 

'^y '^«ft?n, WffNiTanoA/m or anauhkd, rare, 
vronderful, uncommon (generally applied to man). K 

Jy ' ^k^^^anmaly m. the afler-birth,9ecnndines. 
iukwal-nal, the navel-string of a new-bom infant K 

^y I ^Nlc^l dnwald, m. a fruit so called, a 

kind of myrobalans {PhyUmUhnu emblica), K 

jU*»l|yf anolasar, m. a sort of brimstone so 

called. *. [new-bom infant *. 

J13 Jy I ahwahndl, m. the navel-string of a 

^Uy\ anumdn (v, anumdn), inference, logi- 
cal conclusion. 8, 

^y^ WffVtn a-nond, without salt. s. 

«^i ana (v. ana), the 16th part of a rupee, h, 

0^\ Ti^ttnA and ^5^ ink, oblique plural forms 

of the pronouns wtih and yih, (Vide Gram.) h. 

^_5y 1 ^V^n anvaiy or anvaya, m. race, lineage ; 

interpretation; making out the natural order or con- 
nexion of poetical style. 8, 

^^^.y^ ^«^if^ anveshan, m. inquiry, re- 
search, investigation. *. [live. *, 

^^^liyl ^»q*fl anveshi, searching, inquisi- 
J^\ anhdr (pi. of^), rivers, streamlets, a. 
j^^ ^^i< unhdr, f. mode, appearance; 

adj. like, similar. 8, 

^)^l '««^in anhdn, m. bathing, washing. ^. 

U^3\ ^r^inr anhdnd, a. to bathe, to wash. Ju 

CL^^ > \ ^"Hn^ff an hit, unfriendly, hostile ; hos- 
tility. «. 


itnhattarf sixty nine. A. 

( 73 ) 


Js^^ inhidam, id. perdition, act of abolish- 
ing, extermination, demolition, a. 

.K^^ ^•T^5fK an-ahdnhar, m. absence of 

pride, bumilitj. an-iiAaffA-urt, humble. *. 

U^«^\ ^«^<IH1 anhwana, a. to wash, to 
bathe, to cau»e to be bathed or vaahed. «• 

^^1 irf^T^ anifiaun, aor. first pers. sing, of-^ 

daaa, to bring (obsolete form), h. 

.U>^^ fl«^«^IT. an-honhar^ hopeless, nnpro- 

miuog, improbable, /i. 

13*^^ ll«<1«il an-kana, impossible, not to be. k. 
^\ ^lfi!r,^nftll a?j/, ani, m. f., or"^#ani, f. the 

"point of a spear, or of an arrow, the rtem or prow of 
aboat,&c. «. 

^\ ig^ annij f. a nurse or female attendant 

"on a child, h. 

^Ui\ ^B^X(X^ a-nya^e or a-ni/aya, ra. injustice, 

"ootnge; a complaint of injustice, s, [lawless. <9. 

J^\ ^nirnft a-nyaylj unjust, unequitable, 

1j.^-jjl V«qqi|1 anya-purvay f. a woman who 

has been previously married, s, 

iS^\ ^nftfir a-niti, f. injustice, impropriety, 
radeness, impolicy, unmannerliness. s, 

jj^\ V»nr anyatra, elsewhere. *. 
l^JUJ^ V^iinVT anyatha, otherwise, in a different 

maimer; inaccurate! j ; adj. contrary, s, 

\s^\ gffl<; i unlda, unshut (eye), sleepless; 

expanded (as a flower). «. 

jo\ anyar, Tery bright, most luminous, a. 

{j>^\ ^fflM unt«9 nineteen, /i. 

iiMji>i am5 or anls-jcUis, m. a companion, a. 

^^««j3t anui<n, m. aniseed, y. 

viljo^ tl^9 an-ehf much, many, abundant 

aie(-ajtar, multiform. aneJc-rup, multiform, of various 
kinds, of variable mind, anek-kal, adv. a long time. 
mek gotra, one who is a member of more than one 
totra, or family, anek-vidht various, of many kinds, 
in different ways. s. 

ifilail l|«Orc|i«fl awiAtm, f. an army ; a cer- 

tun force, one tenth of an akshauhini. «. 

5yuj| v^nnH anya-goiraf of another race or 

I lineage. «. 
*jj| l^^ anyay other, different, anya-janam^ 

m. another birth, regeneration, anya-manas, fickle, 
versatile, s. 

I u)^l ^n>it^ anyonya, reciprocal, mutual, s, 
• j^\ VHmi. dneyaVf m. the time allotted 

for agricultural labour in the hot season, from sun- 
rise tiU noon. <• 

j\ aUf conj. and (more com. aur). h, 

j^ (in Pers. and Dakh.) third pron. he, 
■; the vocative inteij. O ! 

j\ W^ ava, a Sanskrit prefix denoting nega- 
tion, disrespect, or dispersion ; from, down from, off. s. 
)j I ^Hnrar awa, m. a potter's kiln ; a' furnace. A. 

J^^ji WT^nft dTvatl, f. the coming of an army, 

"the approach of a friend ; the season in which mer- 
chandize is e:ipectcd to arrive; advance; rumour, ti- 
dings, h, 

t^V^jl ^ffT^mr^ dwd-jdyi, f. coming and 

going, intercourse, dancing attendance upon one. A. 

2UL>tj\ ^BRT^ Orvdchya, dumb, speechless, s. 

^\j\ arvdkhir (pi. of j>-T), extremes, ends; 
the last ten days of a lunar month, a. 

^j^lj^ arvdddn (see dbdddn), dwelling, &c. d. 

^^b\j\ arvdddnt (v. ^_^bb\) d. [crop. A. 
j^ji T^TC urvdr, ploughing up a standing 
j\^\ inrc awdr, f. delay ; injustice,tyranny. s.p. 

^j^^^ awdrija. 

m. a diary, a rough note- 
book or account-book, p. 

&ai-j\jl dwdrijaf 
A^^jl dwdrcha, ^ 

^<j 1 dwdragif f. vagrancy, profligacy, p. 

iSj\^] drvdra, vagabond, wanderer, dmdra-k.f 

n. to wander, to be distressed, to be oppressed, to be 
miserable, awdrak., a. to harass, to expel, p. 

j\^ dwdz, f. sound, voice, report, fame, echo, 

a whisper, sentence, dwaz-upiand^ to raise the voice, > 
to spread a report, awdz par kdn rakhnd, to hear, 
to listen, awdz parnd, to be reported, dwdz baithud, 
to be suppressed (the voice) from hoarseness or 
otherwise, dwdz-baifha, hoarse, p. 

WjT dwdzdy T m. report, fame, rumour; con- 
»j|^T drodzaj versation, loud talking, p. 
{jfwi ^RT^ra dwds, m. a house, a habitation, s, 

\iui\j\ arvdsit (pi. of\^jj»j\)y middles, the pe- 
riod of a lunar month between the tenth and twentieth 
dajB. a. [ley (v. supL Gloss), h. 

^*»^j\ tN|«||4/) arvdsiy unripe corn, chiefly bar- 
J;.^)^! ^NI^IMH awa/jraman,1 m, coming and 

^^J\j\ UNMNH dwdgavan, J going, trans- 
migration, s. 

Jlj\ ^Rl^ awdl, m. an inclosed space formed 
by a cluster of peasants' houses, h. 

ATawaw, m. loan, debt; colour, p. 

^\j\ dmdn (pi. of ^jl), times, seasons, a, 

/jib^jT ^R1^Tl«f dwdhan, m. calling, summons, 

a respectful invitation, s. 

^J\^\ ^RT^ awdyt, f. approach, advance ; a 

"saddlecloth adorned with fringes, &c; a kind of 
pickaxe, h. 

^/\J\ ^WT^ drudft, "] f. rumour, mention, 
fj\^l "m^llH dwdti, J tidings, report. A. 

Jj^j\ awa,U (pi. of Jj^)f ni. commence- 



ments, &c. ; the first ten days of a lunar month, which, 
oontisting of thirtv daji nearly, it divided into three 
decades, Ist awd,iJ, 2nd. awdsii, and 3rd. awakhir. a. 

(jSbj^ aubash, m. a nike, a dissolute fellow ; 

a mixed crowd of all nations and all sorts of people, 
but espedallv of the meanest ; the mob, the canaille. 
aubash-h., to become depraved or dissolute, aubdthana, 
Ulce a rake, dissolute, p. 

^^bj) auhashi, m. rakishnesSi dissoIutenesB, 

"attending at garnet and tpectaelei; p. 

USbjl uhcUnd, a. same as USb\ tihalncL d, 
^^^\ ^VW7 or ift^ ubatf aubat, impassable, 

tteep, inacoettible. a. 

Ubjf tibalna, same as Ub\ ubalna. d. 

0^1^ ^M uhhj m. oppressive heat, languor 

Ivought on by the effect of heat h, 

<^^^^^ vf^Hlslf cMnhhajya (in law lan- 
guage), indivisible (at property, etc.). «• 

(JL4>j^ ^fhV7 auhhaff steep, impassable, s. 

<J1a V^> j1 ^mH(%arvbhakt, f. a ciyil re- 

or awbhahti^ ception or 

Ca^jT mtmJIff or mwifll j salutation, 

awbhagat or awbkagatif J welcome, 

eourteousnett. h. 

U^jl ^MtfT tt^'Ana, n. to be agitated or op- 
pressed with heat ; to be angry or dittatisfled. h. 

i^j\ vtiV op, f. ornament, beauty, elegance, 

grace, brightness, polish, h, [upafna), d. 

Uo^f upatna, n. to exceed, &c. (same as \jh\ 
\j^j\ iipajna, n. to grow, &c. (v. Urf^ 

upaJnS). d. 

^jjgj\ wI^TbR opchxf m. an armed man, armed 

"with weapons ; a man armed in mail, opdn-^tfl'm, a 
guardhouse or post of armed men. h, 

j>^\ TVift upar, above, on, up, upon, upwards, 

over, outside, past, top. iSpar-ie, from above. |i|/an 
upar se chala gaya, the storm has passed over. t. 

^jij^ uparla, upper, superficial ; m. the sur^ 

face or outside, i . [strange. «. 

(,£j{^^ ^K^ uparif upper or external; foreign, 
Ojl W^lif a,ut or WX tU, m. one wbo dies 

without leaving issue ; an unmarried man ; (in Hindil 
phraseology) a stupid person, a blockhead. A. 

>j\ ^fhf ot, overplus, surplus ; abatement ; 
eonvalesenoe, recovering from sickneit. A. 

^j\ ^nn or ^r^ uta or Ota, so mucb, that 

much, h, 

d^j\ awtad (pi. of i33j), pegs, props; met. 
diiels, noblet (being the props of the state), a. 

jUj^ uiar, m. (for utar) descent, reduction 

is price ; ebb tide, or low water. 

jOy WTilK or ^Bffint avatar or autar, m. 

birth, descent; incarnation of the deity (the HtndOs 
reckon the following ten of the god Vishnu: — Ist 
maitya, a fish ; 2nd. kaehekkapa, a tortoise ; 3rd. varaha, 
a boar; 4th. art-«iii^Aa, a man-lion; 5th. vamama» a 
dwarf; 6th, poreukurama ; 7th. rama; Sth, balarawta ; 
9th. httddha; 10th. kalkl)'. a pious or distinguished 
person in the language of flattery is also culed an 
€W€Udr, or incarnation of the deity ; a tlrtht or sacred 
place; translation; crossing. 8, 

^\3jl utaran, m. stripping off, act of di»- 

mounting. d, 

UyCjl utama, a. same as ^J3\ utama. d, 
Jjbjf utawal, m. same as ^jo\ q. v. d. 
ljaSj\3j^ iUawal^ana, ra. haste, urgency, d, 
J>^\ utar, m. an answer (v. uttar), d, 
b^j^ V^AMI or ifhlTf avatama or autama, 

n. to descendi especially as an incarnation of (he 
deity, s. 

\iyj\ utama, n. same as b^\ utama. d. 
j3jT ^IRift drvatij f. approach, advance, £h« 

season in which merchandise is expected. A. 
<^^ > ji ift^JI* otsuk, 1 m. anxiety, per- 

aaCJjI iJhR^ autsukya, J turbation, re- 
gret ; eagerness, impatience. «. [or many. A. 

i^hj\ ^hfifM or^rfini otik or utik, that much, 
(jflj^^y ^AnA autkarsh, m. excellence. «• 
b3j^ ^RHfT or tfhrsn utnd or ofna, that much 

or many. A. 

^j^ yshz ot, f. protection, shade, shelter, 
partition, screen. o^A., to conceal, to screen. 9f-JLt to 

oe concealed. $. 
• I* i *. 

by^Vtno.fa,m. a partition-wall, or screen. A. 
bbj\ autanot a. to make hot, cause to boil. dL 
Kl^\jiyLL>^\ WM^I# ut-patang, poor, helpless, 

destitute. A. 

^^jG\jdCL>j\ a^M^IJlf) ut'patdngt, one who 

"speaks inconsiderately, without preparation. A. 

il^JubLii^jt "QinTV ut-patariff, m. absurdity, 

nonsense, what is without meaning or foundation ; a4J, 
poor, helpless, destitute, in disorder, i^-pafangi, the 
same as if-pafangi, A. 

^jt ^(ttH autan, boiling, evaporation by 

boiling ; m. a knife used for cutting tobaooou A. 
UjjI ^flTlfT otnd, a. to defend, screen, shelter; 

to thrumb, to separate the seed from cotton ; to catch 
asabalL A. 

UdjI l^lTfTT autnd, n. to boil (as milk), to 

evaporate over fire ; to consume with rage or<veza- 
tion ; a. to bum, to parch, or dry. A. 

^^\ %tOS oth, m. the lip. s. 

bl^jl uthdnd, a. same as bl^Jl uthdnd. d, 

bl^L l^^ '9RSTfTTRT uthd-bithdnd, a. to ex- 
cite, to stir up, to urge. A. 

]jif{y^j^ 9iA\\*{\<\ uthdtx-gxrd, m. a kind 
of robber, who plunders by day ; they are commonly 
ibllowen of an army (same as ufkajt^^rd, q. ▼.). A^ 

\j^^\ithna, in. same as U^t uthnd. cL 

rj^ 0«79 m. height, summity the top ; dignity* 

prefennent, promotion, auj ifalak, the xenith of tbe 
tkj, a.f, 

lijl>j\ ujarna, same as \3}'V^ ujarnia. d, 
JVj^ «M 1 (for JUl tj/a/, &c) bright, 
)IUjt i^ala,) luminous. ^ 
\3^j^ «;arRa, n. (v. V>j^) t{;arna), to be 

dnolfttod. A 
(jk»»y ^llllll i^aSf m. light, splendour; mani- 

lettation ; strength, vitality (especially in the foetus). «. 

i3«?j^ f^oi (v. cjhal)^ privacy, shelter, &c. h. 
J>j1 v;a2,1 (for ujjal and t<;7a), clear, bright, 
^j\ i;/a,J pure, &c. d. 
UIi»jt ujalna (for tf/o/fta), to shine, &c. <;f* 
4>j^ ^vt^ ^'A, m. entrails, stomach, guts. A. 
^^j^ ^h^Cf o;Aa, m. a diviner, a ^vizard, a 

jnsfncian (probably from examining the entrails of a 
Tictim like the Roman "anupex*). k. 

5^jf vtiK^ or ^TfKf ojhar or aujharf. thrust, 

posh; in Dakh. ujke^ denotes awkward, dnmsy. h. 
J4fj^ ^ritlQ? ojhaly f. privacy, retirement ; 

a^. private, hid. mhal-k,, to conceal, screen, ^hal-h.^ 
to be ooocMded. A. 

j^jl wftl^ro. a-vichar, m. want of judgment 

orconsideratioD, ixgustice; r. 

Cj>j\>-^\ ^rf^r^rftlf a-^ckdrit, ill-judged, not 

investigated, unconsidered, s. 

gr^^^l llf^^lO a-i?tcAflfri, m. 1 destitute of 
i3j\>jl vf^l^ntaA a-vichdrint, f. J conside- 

" rstion, nnjosL «. 

cL>>-^\ ^hr? auchat, 1 suddenly, unexpect- 

^^i^jl ^A^rV auckak,} edly. A. 

J>jl vf^I^9 a-vichal, motionless, unmoved, 

firm. «. 

4>-jt ^tl[ auchhy m. name of a root from 

which an orange colour is extracted {Morinda ciiri- 

^>j^ tJti[T ockka, adj. light, of little conse- 

anenoe; mean, base or low-bom; absurd, trifling; 
nruitless. oehka Jtono, n. to want A. 

\jil^j\ uchhdlnd, a. same as IDl^t uch- 

halna, q. t. d. 

viL*^*^ uchhaU retirement, retreat, d. 

UJi^j) uchhalnd, n. (for U]i^\ uchhdlnd, 

q.v.). d. 
ij^^3^ ^>V9^^ iw/iAa/m,f. the muhiplica- 

"tiontaUe. K 

iftji ^ v(/, m. an otter. »• 

76 ) jj\ 

\dj\ ^it^ oeZa, wety moist, damp. A. 

li>jl H5[T 5^5, m. brown, of a brown colour. A. 

Obj^ ^h^ auddtf white, white colour, s. 

9l^^^\ ^t^it auddfya, m. muniBcence, li- 
berality. #. [Imess. «. 
«2a*»bji ivt^T^ auddsya^ m. solitude, lone- 
^^bj\ ^A^Tif auddn, m. gratis, what is given 

over and above, or without purchase ; to boot. s. 

viUbbjl -msj^ uddhatS f. brownness of co- 
Abjl ^i^ ttrf5,i, J " lour. A. 
j^tij^ ^l^ftngn^ vd'hUd^o, m. an otter. «. 
^^^\ ^ft^ oefan, m. boiled rice. i. 
t3«> J lft^o«?awi, f. a plant(jSiiViacorrfj/blta).«. 
Jb*>j) ^nv atvadhf f. the name of ayodhyd^ 

vulg. Onde. ovmlft or ouodAi, agreement, promise, 
time, boundary. «. 

4bt>^^ ^prfVi avadhi, m. limit, term, period ; 

(used adverbially in comp.), as fitf as, as long as. f. 

^43«I^R^fl avdhi (forabdhi)ym. the ocean. «• 
i^Jb«2>.^ iidhdrf m. (same as tic^Aar) debt &c. i. 
^\ib(^j^ H^Wn avadhdn, cautious, attentive } 

m. caution, attention, s. 

j^i>j) ^WC «(^Aar, thither, thitherwards, on 

the other side, h, 

Jfti>jl WPt tui^am, m. noise ; impudence; re- 

bellion, disturbance, uproar. A. 
^c*Jb4>jl WPft utfAami, making noise ; impu- 

**dent; rebellious, k, 

yb«3jt "9^ udho, the name of a friend and 

companion of Krishna. «. 

C> Jb4>jl inv^7 avadhut, m. a kind of reli- 

gious mendicant, s. 

Ojib(>jf ^f^f^ (ivadhut or audhut, large, 

g^;antic ; frightful as to fonn. s. 

Jbiijl ^ft^ orfAe, adj. possessing a' right or 

''title to; m. a proprietor, supreme ruler, s. 

U]^ jy udhernd (same as udherna q. v.). cf. 
&jJb(>jtm^a-ra(2Aya,not fit to beslaughtered.f. 
^(2uT wra^ a,o«{i, name of a tribe ofjdU. A. 
b>«l ^if^ra a-vidydj f. ignorance. «. 
jg(>j\ ^ra^W avadich, the name of a tribe of 

Gujer&tl Brahmans. s. 

^j«Jt2>jl au<2e«,] m. a strange or foreign. 

\^d^\ audesd, > country, au^m, a stranger, 

&a>i>j) audesa,} a foreigner. «. 

\J^6j\ audhangdf improper, out of place, d. 

j^\ ^frtor, f. origin, boundary, limit; way, 
side (ward), us or, that way. or nibahna, to be con- 
stant to, to protect (for ever)i h; 



( 76 ) 



jy\ W^aur^ conj. and, also, but; adj. more, 

other; aur ek, another, separate, dUtiuct, else, aur 
nahH to, and (if) not then, and in that caM then. 
aur hit quite different, extraordinary, h. 

jj\ arvar^ in compos, bearing, having; as, 
zoTHiwart powerful, having force, p, 

^\jj\ aurad (pi. of ^jj), daily lessons (of tbe 
Kur,ftn), oommemorationB, devotional exercises, a. 

yj)jj^ aurak (pi. of Jfjj), leaves of a tree 

or book. a. 

3^^jy wrWIrT arirbha,o, ni. a developing, 

manifestation, becoming visible, s, 

O^j^l ^nf^^ avirhhuty unfolded, mani- 
fested, appeared, s. 

O^ji 'Wrjff avrit, enclosed, surrounded, s. 

Ojjl WT^ff(ai'>riiti,r, order, method; a re- 
petition of the same thing, a resolution. $. 

^j^ anmrja, v. ^^y a day-book, &c.p. 
^^j^\ ^n^^ awarduj f. the allotted period of 

one's life-time. », 

\^jy amardan (r. 5r or amar), to bring, to 

relate or record, p, 
BXjl dwarda, that which is brought or 

carried, awarda-nawts, m. a writer or registrar of 
accounts as delivered, p. 

4^<>^jl i9(% urdk or urddh, superior, above. 

urdh-bakut with arms aloft (a pasture ofJogUy s. 

ij^2tjj\ TK^m^iirddh-pund, a perpendicular 

line delineated on the forehead by the mushnavas or 
worshippers of Vishnu. «. 

til^^Jbiijj^ 5HtS^fi^ aurdk'deliihy obse- 
quies; whatever b given ot performed in remem- 
brance of the dead. s. 

\I> J»i>j j) 'vtrrin urddh-retd, a kind of ascetic 

or rishi, one who lives in perpetual chastity, s, 

^jn3Lm^43j j^ "vfi^rtH vrdh'sdnsy m. a gasp, deep 

inspiration, t, 

(J**, jl ivtni auras, a legitimate child, ue. by 

a wife of the same tribe, t, 

U^J^ L>i)^ ^^^^^ chauras, all around; 

breadth and length ; m. neighbourhood, d. 

Ujjl ^HtWf ormd,m. the name of a particular 

kind of sewing, stitching together two breadths. A. 

M)j> WmJUidvaran, m. a shield, a covering, s, 
y^J^jy aurang, m. a throne; places where 

goods are manufactured for sale, p, 

Lm^j vi^ j^ Aurang-zehy name of one of the 

Mogul emperors, who died A.D. 1707. p. 

^jJJwl^jl aurang-zehly m. a kind of cloth 

" so called, p, 

^bV^uL^jj^ aurang^shdhi, m. a kind of silk 

**80 called, p. [flre. t, 

Jilj jj) ^"St^T^ aurvdnalj m. submarine 

^4>j^ j\ m^ avarodhy m. the seraglio of 

a palace, the queen's apartment; a place, a covering; 
hindrance, obstruction. #. 

^»>5jj ^ ^ifirtv a-virodh , absence of contention, 
quietness, avirodht, m.' avirodhini, £ quiet, tranqulL t, 

i^jy ^sftSl 07'iy a protector, partial ; f. the 

eaves of a house ; bank of a pond or rivnlet to the 
water's edge, h, 

]jj\ ^H^ ord, m. a basket, pannier. A. 
{2)j^^ ^ftTH oran, m. a shield, target, h. 
Ujjt orndy a to ward off a blow : it is also 

used for orhna, to put on dress, &c. d* 
Uj'jl urndy n. (sameasUj'l urnd) to fly, Sccdn 

j3J[^1 orni f. (v. orhni), a veil, &c. d. 
Ujbj'jl li\^ff|| orhndy a. to put on (dress) ; m. 

sheet, doak, or mantle, h, 

f^^J^^ ^i^ orhniy f. a smaller sheet; a 

veil or woman's doak. K 

</jiJ^ ^^ ^y^Th ^' a kind of basket (used 

in a sugar-milL A. 
J^^J ^^ Mri-ma#'«a, to dive, to plunge, d* 

jIj^I auzdr (pi. of jj j), m. tbe rigging and 

implements of a ship or boat; asylums; loads; 
weapons, tools, apparatus, a. 

^)j^)auzdn(pL of^^Jj), weigh t8,mea8ure8.a. 
{j»»^\ tihr osy f, dew. osparjdnty to full in 

value, to be less ib demand than formerly. k«, old 
form of the oblique pron. us, him, her, &c. A. 

8;Im»j^ uxara, m. gamboge. The uameseemato 

be a corruption of the Arabic or Persian name 'tisdra^ 
ratpond (Extract of rhubarb), which this gum, from lis 
yellow colour, was supposed to be. — (Binning.) Au 

^L«>j\ ^^T«T ausdn, m. sensation, aense ; 

courage; presence of mind. A. 

^U*»j\ im^M avasdn, m. the end ; conclu* 

sion ; completion ; death ; boundary, limit, s. 

vl/^Q^jl iaHnr>l os-bargy m. the name of 

a medidne. A. 

c31Im>j1 iistdd, preceptor, master (v. usfdd). p. 
\^^jl ^n^cTin a-vastutd, f. insubstantiality, 

mireality. #. 

l^JkM^j^ ^R^TT avasthdy f. state, condition 

(frequently used in an unfavourable sense) ; any par- 
ticular state var}'ing with the progress of time, as 
youth, age, &c. ». 

^^\\*>j\ ^n^A awasthty one of the snbdi- 

** vision of Kanapjiy^ Brahmans. 9. {[heedless. A, 

r>«1 ^iihl^ ausuch, without consideration, 
j*^j^ ^R?R or llhST avasar or atuary m. 

time, leisure, occasion, vacation, opportunity, s. 

jM>jl Vt^ osavy f. a heifer. A. 



( 77 ) 


^j1 ttsar (same as ushar, q. v.), barren 

(land), t. 

K««»^f ^ft^^ Oicroy m. turn, vicissitude, osra^ 

tsri^ by tunw, alternately, h, 

Af^^ vutaralHj f. a chameleon, d, 

ki*».f auxaf^ middle, intervening; m. the 
middle, medium, interval ; mediocrity, moderation, a. 

^^ciM^ansail, midmost^middling, moderate.a. 
Um»jI WCiT^ ausna^ n. to become musty, to 

rot, to putrify. h. piim, her, &c. d, 

^^ use (old form of the ace. pron. use)^ 
jUtf^l in^ auser, m. anxiety, solicitude. A. 
\^m^p\ ^fHfll oma, m. the head of a bed ; 

a pillow, a cushion. A. 

^j\ ^h( o«<A, f. dew (same as os). h, 
{jLj\ V^a-vasAyStthject to another,helpless.«. 
(jijl ^X^m a-vish, anti-venomous, not poi- 

lonoas. s, [the son of Kama-deva. f . 

U)ji 'Vn iLiha, name of the wife of Aniruddha, 

vl«^j I vrfrv avishtf possessed (by a demon 
fce.), engrossed (by a feeling). «. 

f^I^^I ihv oshtkj m. the lip, especially the 

upper, othfi-rogt m. a morbid affection of the lips. s. 
^^■^iijl iftrt oskthiy f. a creeper bearing a 

"red flower, to which the lip is compared {bryonia gran- 
dist or mcmordica monodelpha), «. 

>t)>^jt lihni ausihadh (also aukhadh)^ f. me- 

didne. drug, herb, mineral, cure, remedy, physic, an- 
tidote. <. 

^sL^\ ifttrfV, ^iNf^i or itftvft oshadhiy 

'aaiedki^ or aus^adhi (also auk^adht), t an annual plant 
(» dedduQus Iierb. aushadhtya, medicinal, an ingre- 
dient of a medicine ; materia medica. s» 

jiji WR iuftar, barren (land), a spot with 

^ kLL^\ tumfigw avashishtf lef>, remaining, s. 

(2f«j^ ^snm usltan, m. black pepper, s. 

(j*»'^j^ vf^imi^ a-viskwds, m. distrust, un- 
belief tospicion. a-vishwSsl, m. o-PuAw&in, o-vtr/twa- 
Msf, t distrustful, unbelieving, m, 

ij^jl IR^ avasheshf m. residue, remnant, 

I rarplus. a-vishesh, ra. a want of distinction; adj. in- 
I diacriminate. t. 

^^^^^ VH^llV avashyahi 

necessary, indis- 
pensable, inevi* 
tablo, actunl ; 

certainly, necessarily, absolutely, positively, really. 
«M%is*<a or avashyaktSt neccbsity. t. 

uJUjI at/fa/ (pi. of t-io^), praises, com- 
mendations, endowments. au*af-i l^mlda, noble pro- 
perties, praiseworthy qualifications, o. 

^j' ai/*fya (pi. of ^JO^)f preceptors, guar- 

duns, executors, administrators, a. 

ftl-ijt auzd* (pi. of ^j), breeding, behaviour, 

politeness, address, manners, &c. a. 

I^jl oghrdy m. a kind of dish, flummeiy, a 

kind of sick-man*8 gruel, vulgarly called "conji". jt, 

C*>Sji axrkdt (pi. of vIIaJj), times, circum- 

atancea. ott^a/-6a-<ari, f. pastime, amusement, employ- 
ment. auk:dt'barsar or -basartjct to spend one's time, a, 

Cajl9j\ ukxyatj f. an ounce of silver, or a 

silver coin of that weight, value between six and seven 
shillings, a. 

<^j 1 WRW a;vaA, m . insurance or assurance, A. 
v.^jl whir ohy m. a house, a dwelling; an 

asylum, a refuge ; sickness at the stomach, incUnation 
to vomit ; a draught of water from the hollow of the 
hand, h, , 

udljl ^fi^ uky f. error, slip, mistake. A. 

(^wjl W^4il^f ava-kash, m. leisure, opportu- 
nity, interval, space, s, 

Jojl ^'41^ aulidU 1 untimely, out of sea- 
Joj^ ^^1^1 aukdlt,) son; a child bom 

"before its time (properly ava-hal, &c.). f. 

(^^j I VK4ir«1 dfOftdn or doakdn, straw and 

grain heaped up. h, 

Ca^jI iikat (same as tiA^or uAto),8peech,&c.^* 
^^^ aukal, restless, uneasy, aukal-bekal, 

very restless. <2. 

Vjij^ ^h«S<TT okna, or 9'4't|| uAna, n. to vomit. A* 
U^jt ^l^ifn t^Ana, n. to miss, to err, to trip, 

to mistake, h. [cinarum), s, 

0^^\ WS ukh, f. BUgarn^ne (Saccharutn qffi* 
^J\^^\ ukhdrnd, a. (for Ujl^SI ukhdrnd), to 

root up, &c. d, . [canes. «. 

(j^A^j\ ^!?n^ wAAari, f. a field of sugar- 
J^^^ tiA/m/, m. an emetic, ukhdl-jullab, 

cholera morbus, d, 
\ji\^j\ ukhdlndf a. (for ukhdlnd), to vomit, d, 

J^S^^\ dukhadliy f. ( for au^Aof^A), medicine.^. 

-.I^jl ^RlTCnf ukh^rdj, the day on which the 

planting of the sugar-cane commences, generally at- 
tended with some festive ceremonies, h, 

^}4^«t Vl^9^ d,okhal or dvahhal, land re- 
claimed from waste, h. 

jJ^A^jl ^Islc^l oAA/i, f. a wooden mortar, s, 
f^J^y^ W^ii^ avahesliif barren. 8. 
»l?jl ^rfbrn^ augdh, deep, unfathomable. ». 
jl^jl ^ITTTT^ avagdh, T m. bathing, ab- 

^\ijl V^^ni5«T avagdhan,) lution. «. 
vJl^Cjl ^^pnr avagaty known, understood. 

avagati, f. knowledge. «. 

J^\ agar Am. a kind of pottage or gniel (cor- 
]S^\ogrd,j ruption of c>^?a, q. v.). cL 


( 78 ) 



i^j\ inn^r avagun or ^llhnv augunf m. 

blemish, vice, defect, demerit, iforthlessneM. «. 

U>j< uffna, n. (for tt^a), to grow, sprout 

up, kc, d. [poeition. «. 

4pj' mijiurt ati^nt, vicious, of a bad di»- 

^j\ ^ft^ ogh, m. multitudei aggregatOi col- 
lection, t, 

vil.»4 > j\ wt^ aughaty steep, inaccessible. A. 

^^^1 aughar, awkward, unpleasant, in- 
discreet d. 

^^\ iShft aw^t, f. a whip like a waggoner's, 

**in length abont seven cnbits, used in tralninff hones ; 
an ornjimental edf^ng of superior country shoes (pe- 
Cttliar to Delhi). A. [regard, t, 

wjl fl^9T avagyRf f. contempt, despite, dis- 
«J1aj^j^ ^I^fAK avagiij detested, reproached, 

widced, Tile ; m. reproach, blame «. 

Jjl amroaly first, best, principal ; (for aulq) 
proper, fit; m. beginning; adr. at first a. 

Jjl V^ olf m. name of a vegetable, of which 

the root is eaten {Arum eawipanulatumt Roxb.) ; a host- 
age or personal security for a debt, h, 

^j^ ^ft^ ola, m. hail; the name of a sweet- 
meat ola hojand, to become cold, f'sil sir wmndaifa toA 
oU pajrt, I had<no sooner got my head sliaTed, than a 
shower of hail came on (spoken of one who has just 
engaged in an enterprise which turns out unfortu- 
nate). k. 

^ «\ aula (for aula) better, preferable, arvwa- 

las, in the first place, firstly. & 

d'!i^\ auladf f. (pL of «>]j), children, descen- 
dants, progeny, oflbpring. a. 

\jp^jt ayolaniyaj a tribe otjafs so called. A. 
^jf ^it9<A oUlf f. (v. art), the eaves of a 

Miouae. A. 

U3j^ ulatna 1 for ti2eUna, 1 

Ij43j\ ulatkndj&nd ulathndt) 

{2;^y ^^U|9 aulachhan, of evil omen, un- 
fortunate ; m. a bad omen. «. 

U^jt v^oc/iAna (for uhichhna)* eL 

i^fl^^y V9<j&V|ff ai?a2aAMan, 1 of inauspi- 

^^4X)jt ldt9^R aulakkan, J cious or evil 

omen ; m. a bad omen. «. 

CJ^^Jj^ 'i^cS*^^! ol-hobt, f. the vegetable 

"commonly called knoloole. A. 

L^^jl ^ra^V avalamhf m. asylum, protec- 

'tion ; a4). depending, hanging down. «. [genoe. «. 

)j^ ^vf^^V Orvilatnb, m. quickness, dili- 

JjJj^ wftr^sftw a-t?tfewi5t7, quick, expedi- 
tions, ava-lambit, alighting, descending; protected, 
cherished, s. 

UiXjJjf ulindnd, n. (for t4ZtWna),to be poured 
out, &C. d. 

^j\ '^S^ulu, If. a kind of grass used in 
^jl TS^ytJ tt/tt,a,J 

eylindrieum). A. 

thatching {Saccharum 


jljt u/u, prefixed to an Arabic noun denotes 

possessed of, endowed with. a. [seen, a 

Odpj\ H^cji^fViir at9aZt>U^,a Jam saint ; adj. 
^:;f^jt V<ldi^#«f avalohany m. view, sight, 

inspection. «. 

^^j » V^cJ^HHI avaloknd, a. to see, to look. «. 
(^j I W^^rt atxi/i, or ^n^^ ava/i (vnlfr. oif/t), 

""f. a row; a line; a leTies, a lineage. ajoR, t mode cf 
estimating the produce of land. «. 

0^\ aulof better, best, most proper, ulq, the 

first. See. (fem. of awwal). a, 

^Jy tt/t, possessed of, endowed with, utut- 

''ajni^ winged animals. Qlt-FUm, possessed of science. 
fi/i-'-oAfar, wife, prudent fi/t-roxsn, resolute, a. 

^1 uUi, f. a chisel, a carpenter's tool, d, 
^Jj\ oK, m. (same as ol), personal Beenrity, 

"hostage. A. 

^jl d,ole, m. twins, (also a,ole-ja,ole). d, 

ti^ I ^n^sr^ d,oltf f. a mode of estimatingcrops, 

"the produce of one Intwd is measured, thence the rest 
inferred. A. 

U)j\ auliyd (pi. of ^j)y friends, companions 

(particularly of the prophets); the apostles, the saints, 
the holy, auliffd-i-allah, fhends oi God; in law it 
signifies the next of kin. or other person entitled lo 
exact retaliation (▼• wait), a. 

(Jl*jJljt awfvaUyat, f. priority, pre-eminence, 

excellence, superiority, a. 
JvjJj^ aula-tar, better, best a. p» 

{J^^ijj^ iiu/d chdyoUf a twin, twins, d. 

^j^y awmalln (pl.)i ^^ ^i^^y former, ancient 

awwaHu o £tt^*> the ancients and the modems, a. 

M^\ ivtn om, the mystic name of the Deity 

prefadng all the praters and most of the writings of 
the Hindus: It is said to imply the Indian Aiad 
or Trinity, Braimia» Vishnu, Sniva. s. 

M^\ miT avantj low, vile, inferior, s. 
(j«msj1 uma$y m. (for umas), re8o1ufion,&c« d, 
Ujloj^ umandndj m. (for tmandna), to be 

proud, &a d* 

i^j^ W^ timi, f. an ear of com (half ripe). K 
^jl "SRir or "OR un, f. wool, gddar am un hon 

baifhii chare kapatt **1 bought the sheep for (fomish- 
ing) wool, and she is eating up the cotton" (spoken of 
any thing done by way of economy which turns out in 
the end very expensive). «. 

^jjjl un (for f^ un), oblique pi. of ft*u^, he,&c d, 
^jl ^S«T una, less, defective, minus ; prefixed 

to a Sanskrit numeral it denotes *'one less;* thus. 
UHa-trinshat, one lees thirty, twenty-nine. So una- 
trinshatamy the twenty-ninth ; hence the modem forms 
in, HindQst&nl, untis, twenty-nine; unehaiit, thirty- 
nine, &c t. 

^^^\ djOUy m. fseculent matter, mucus, d. 


dwany m. coming, approach, ar- 

l22^t ^1 Wl^^ wn«| dmaf^dwan, f. tidings 

ofaniTa]. «. [come. «. 

\ijT ^■WRf aivana (old form of ona)^ n, to 
Ujl ^IRT ima, m. a kind of sword, a scimitar, a 

knife, &C., irom down by grinding, h, 

C>^^3^ vDl^iy a^indshy exception from loss, 

wt&fj. a-^MoiAi, n&, entire, free froia loss, erer- 
letting. #. 

o^y trifirai avanttH,^f. the name of a city, 
^iijl W^rt avanitf J Ujjain, anciently 

(^;»aZ>jI ttit/if, Dakhani for im^u, twenty-nine. 

^j\ "te «nf, m. a camel; Dakh. out (for 
ki#XtheHp. k. 

jVa cL3jI ^ VTTn unt'katardf m. name of 

e tfaiide of which cameb are fond {Esehimipi eekimh' 
ttu, Roxb,}, A. 

USj) aunind, n. (same as audita), to boil. h. 
jISjl ^is^ unpit, f. a female camel, h. 
4a)jI ih^ on;A, m. the Hp (com. hontk). $. 
i^ji^ ^xmft unjari or iin;ari, f. a small heap 

of corn Kt apart (by MusalmJLnfl) in harrest-time in 
the name of some saint. A. 

2p\ ^ icficA, 1 high, tall, lofty, steep, 
Vjiy ^iFir ttTicA^, J load* tbicA-fiicA, npsand 

downs, inequality ; viciasitudee in fortune, &c fincAa 
W Mao, to tpenk with pride. fincAd n(imd,to be hard 
of bearing. fincAd-Ardni, f. deafness. %mhe hoi kS 
Mi4A aicAd, the proud ones are degraded, s, 

{jA^^\ wnckas (for unchds)^ forty-nine. <L 

{J^^y ^TfTH unchdi, f. 
{J^jI^ 4^VnT nnchdn, m. 
yiy (b^m «ncAa,o, m. 

UJ'jb' ^l|. ««^5,i, f. 


(ji«J^j1 tt7icAa& (for tincAo/u), thirty- 
amsu d, 

^Vj* ^^1^1 vnchdndj a. to raise, eloTate. «. 
<^ji am'iu^ or dwand, m. a pan, a vessel. ^. 
^y ^^''J a^indu, without point or dot. s. 
*«Wj» tilhl ondh^ m. the cord with which 

nftert or frames for thatching on are pulled into their 
Pisce. and ftttened till the roof is finished. A. 

v*.V)jl infVT aundhd or ^^ ondlid, upside 

down, overturned. a»»JAa-AaJ[&/, m. misfortune, ad- 
vene fortune. atatdkUpeshani, short-sighted, unibr- 
tuste. oaitta fe^. n. to lie on one's face. A. 

I ^••^>jl wif^lT^ aundhdnd, a. to tarn upside 

I ^iif to reverse, to overturn, to spilL A. 

( TO ) j^\ 

ll^j3j\ ^RtP^iTT aundhnd, n. to lower (as the 

sky. A. 

Ijijl wlf^ aundd, or wTf oncfa, deep. A. 
Ub Jjjl undelnd,tL.(foT undelnd),to pour out.^. 

^mJj 1 vTuati, one less a hundred, ninety-nine. d. 
jK3j I ^f*K onkdr^ m. the mysterious syllable 

<^» *• [son.) 

^J^jl awingilti, a mode of torture, (v. Wil- 


UOjl ungnd, n. (for vn^^na), to doze. d. 
0^^j\ ^ un^A, f. nodding, sleepiness, h, 
(,jt*l^!jj) TinVS unghdSj 

drooping (especially from opium). A. 

U^^jl ^toRT unghndf n. to nod from sleepi- 
ness, to dose, to droop. A. 

^^_5^jl ^R^vA aungtf f. silence, dumbness. A« 
^jl ^Bff^ aunldf d,anld, or dfOnla, m. 

eminence, exal- 
tation, tallness, 
steepness, j. 

Ao^, ^f. drowsiness, nod- 
ta,i, j ding, sleepiness. 

(same as SnUa), the emblic myrobalan (phyllanthus 
emblica), oaA/^-sflr, m. a sort of brimstone. 

^j»>^jl aunld-jaunldj a twin, twins. iL 
^jl unan (same as ^^^\ unhon), those, 

them (also unu and £»oit). <{. 

^j^yjT ^n^<ff an^anaun, n. (Braj.) to come. A. 

J^^\ unhaitar (for unhattar), sixty-nine. d. 

^*)y^y unhuTif an interjection, denoting re- 
fusal or negation, d, 

(jri^^jt ijfl* unAtn (for ^onAtn), exactly in 

that manner, even so. A. 

^jl wfi or ^|«A vTit, woollen, made of wool. s. 

^j) u-ne (same as f^^\ us-ne), he, by 
**him, &C. d, [want of submission, s. 

ij^\ ^ff^H^a'^vinay, m. pertness, wantonness, 

{^^{^3^ ^^^^ aune-paunef partially, 

"more* or less ; on occasion. A. 

jl^jT VIM^i^K dwanehdr, 1 the future, 
\j\s» ^jT VN^I^KI dwane-hdrdf J that which 

is about to come, t, 

CajJjI wf%«fhr a-vinity misbehaving, acting 
improperly, o-vtm^a, i. an undiaste woman, t. 

i^t^tjjl vHl^K^ a-vlvadi, not disputatious, s. 

(^i> ajl IsrfsrTV a-vivek, m. want of discrimi- 
nation, iudiscretion. avivektUdt f. indiscreetness, incon- 
siderateness. aolvekt, indiscreet, inconsiderate. «. 

^j! ( 

0^y Wf uh, m. reasoning, logic. *. 
»j I dma, na. a brick-kiln ; a forgo, p. 
^y ^ft^ oho, interj. heigho! alas! h. 
k/jl ^ tt,i, interj. Oh! oh fye! h. 
C-obj1 ^N^MiPh a-vyai)ti, f, the not diffusing 

itself; not pervading, i. [poeed. *. 

J^bjl ^'siajcp a-vydkul, calm, firm, com- 

^^kigjl awehhtan (r. a/ye^), to hang by, to 
cling to, to be suspended, p. 

ftli^jl awehhta^ suspended, pendulous, p, 
j>.y ^fkt awer or aver (for a-ber), delay, 

lateness, &c. «. 

];^,j' WTkT a-vira, f. a childless widow. *. 
j>^\ amez or awezan (in com p.) suspending, 

adhering. awez-k„ a. to hang, to suspend, p, 

*J> J 1 awezUi ^- aw ear-ring, drops or pendants 

worn in the ears as ornaments, p. 

«^*Jijl dweza-handj an ear-ring, p, 
O V? jt WnR a-iyakta, adj. indistinct, un- 

apparent, invisible; dl the Supreme Being, or Uni- 
▼ersal Spirit; the soul, nature, temperament s. 

^4^J^J^ V^N^I a-vyavasthcLf irregular. «. 

(JlA^Ju*»y.jl V^^rfViif a-vyavasthit^ not regu- 
lated, undisciplined, not put in order. $, 

j^.jl lff«nj a-vyayttj m. an indeclinable word, 

"a particle ; a name of Vishnu ; adj. economical, parsi- 
monious. «. 

l\ dk, f. sigh; interj. alas! dh bliamd, a. 

to sigh. Shijan-kah, a heartrending sigh, atii jigar* 
soz, a heartburning sigh, dhi-sard, a cold or sorrow- 
ful sigh, dh-khainchnl, t. heaving a sigh, p, 

ii\ uk, interj. Oh ! ah ! hah ! p, 

>i ^f^ ahiy m. a serpent* a snake, s. 

M ^ ih (for yih), this. ik-hdU m. this life. 

ih-lok, the present world. lAi, this very, iki-than^ 
here, in this very place. A. 

^1 JXlf^dhi (Braj.), is, exists, h. 

!>' Wff aha, alas! woe's me! bravo! well 

done ! d. 

jVfci "^^TC tthdr, m. a covering, a cover of a 

litter or palki for women. K 

j^\ V^K ahdr^ m. starch, glue, paste. /^. 
jW VHI^II dhdr (vulg. ahdr), m. aliment, 

food, victuals. «. 

I3;\j&l Vl^KHI ahdmd, a. to paste, to starch. /*. 

Jllbl rt/m/i (pi. of Jjbl), inhabitants, common 

people. aJiCili niawallt the people at large, rich and 
poor. a. 

80 ) 


^Ub! ^1^ flAaw, interj. do not, no, nay. h, 
OoU) ihdnaty f. contempt, disdain, enmity, 

affront, insult a. 

v^^VfcJ V^I^I^I ahdhdhdj interj. used in 
praise; also expressive of surprise, pain, or plea* 

sure. s. 

roons. 9. 

^rrTPT dhbdn, m. a call, imitation, sum- 

[venomof asn«ke. & 

(JfJ4$^^ ^rf^H ahi-pkeUf m. the saliva or 

ClJbj i«n^H fl-/ftV, an un-friend, enemy ; en- 
mity, want of affection; adj. hostile, preju'lici;il. 
afut-kart, inimical, acting unkindly. ahit-manJ, ini- 
mical, hating. 9. 

^njK dhut and WT^flf dkuti, m. offering, 

oblations with fire to the deities ; a bamt-offering^. t. 

\Si^\ ihtiddy being directed in the right way 

(spiritually), a, 

AV-^jJbl ihtimdm^ f. diligence, solicitude, 

anxiety, care; inspection, superintendence; a sub- 
division of a province, a. 

jlt3j«VJbi ihtimdm-ddr, m. a superintcndant 
of the revenues, &c. of an ihthnam or district, a. p^ 

^ItJk^l ihtimdmi, m. a curator or manager, a. 

^^L^\ ^OTT^ dhatp f. sound, noise, clack, h^ 
y^\ ^iWtahary name of a tribe of rdj-puts, h» 
jib] Wl^dhar, ^ a small pond, a salt-pit, 

{J^\ ^tt^^ dha7iy} a drain, a trough for 

watering cattle. «. 

j^^j^\ ^i^<«ii5< dhar-jdhar, f. coming 

and going. A. [lu]. *. 

CUi»^\ Viff^ a-harshit, unhappy, sorrow- 

^jU^bj ahrimduj m. the spirit or principle of 
evil (among the fire worshippers), p. 

^JBy^ ^^T.41 ukarnd, n. to subside (a swelling 

or inundation. A. 

{J^J^\ ^f^f^tf^ ahar'nishi, day and night. «. 

8^1 ^H^t a/irfl, m. a reservoir for collecting 

ruin-water to water the fields ; fuel made of oow- 
dung. 9, 

i^j^^ ^BT^rft ahri, f. a small pond (v. dhar). A. 

^^^:L^\ dhistagl (or dhastagi)^ f. slowness, 
** delay ; gentleness, softness, p, 

«JuJb| dhista (or dhasta), gently, slowly; 

softly, tenderly. dhUta-raw, slow paced, p. 

^j-Jbl dhiste (vulg. dste), gently, slowly, 

easily, p. 

ijj^\ dhaJi, m. quicklime, cement, plaster: 

it also denotes an abwdbt or cesb upon lime. iUtaki 
ia/ta, quicklime, p. 


( 81 ) 


J>t aklf m. people, master ; (in comp.) at- 

tadicd to, pooaetsed of; &c., aa ahl ulldh^ people of God, 
denriBes. fa^tr^, aJdi ijtihad, qualified jurists. aMi 
tkb-ad. people of wisdom, ahli bait, family (i.e. wife 
ai|d diildren), but generally means the family of the 
PropbeL iihli (iiJnit, possessed of rights, or of just 
cUima. akli-dU, dermises, liberal, brave, geneioua. 
oA/i-tml-. addicted to pleasure, a voluptuary, ahli 
rector, skilful, knowing the world, ahli zamdnt time- 
Mrtera. ahli stamiu, an inhabitant of the earth, ahli 
takdt pious, devout, ahli sunnat, the followers of the 
traditional aa well as the written law : the SunnI sect 
in opposition to that of the Shi'as. ahli shar^, a leffis- 
lator, a lawyer, one who obeys and observes the law 
of the Prophet, ahli faja, possessor of purity ; a suft ; 
a voluptuary, ahli «Ai»a|^, men of intelligence, ahli 
Sfat, faithful, obedient to God. ahli iabka, one who 
does not observe the precepts of Muhammad, ahli 
tartk, an observer of the laws of Muhammad, ahli 
iorf, noble, ahii 'irfant learned, ahli 'a^l, wise, ahli 
'Um^ adentific. ohli faaU, virtuous, ahli koTt a work- 
man, a clerk, ahli kit&b, a learned man ; a person of 
any religion rerealed and contained in books (the 
llnsulmins allow that the Jews and Christians are 
ahii kitdb^ whereas the Hindis are considered as ido- 
laters), ahii kttram, liberal, generous, aiili majVut 
an assistant, a member of (genteel) sodetv, a courtier. 
oUi-ma9&r\f, a proprietor, ahli-mefdsh^ tne holder of 
a rent-free tenore. ahli mo^ri/att possessed of the 
knowledge of God. ahli man§ab» a mmister, a person 
la oflloe. oA/t nap-ai, colleagues, coacyutors. ahli 
N^o^, infidela, enemies. There is no limit to com- 
pounds of this sort : two more I may here add — ahli 
»atf, a military man ; ahli ixUam, a civilian, a. 

J>T ^ni^ ahal, m. freshness of soil. A. 
^1 VTir^T ahia or ihloy m. inundation, de- 

faige, flood, overflow. A. [fiestivity. «. 

^^T ^ffjgr^ ahlddj m. joy, gladness, mirth, 

O^^T ^VTirAfir ahlddHy joyful, glad, merry. 

^^\ ihlak, in. destroying, ruining, a. 

jI^T ^nf^ ahlo, inundation, flood, &c. h. 

^^\ XJI^tWihalok^mAhis present world. s» 

U^\ ahliya^ f. a wife, sara^ ahliya, the wo- 
men's apartments, hence " seragUo." 

\^^ ^RT^n akalya^ wife of Gotaro, and 

daughter of Brsdunft i one of the Apaarfts, h, 
Ca^\ ahliyat, f. worth, worthiness, excel- 
lence; poaseaaion. a. [tant business, a. 

^ ahamm, important, ahammi kdr, impor- 

>\ W^ ahamy pron. I. aham-matif spiritual 
conceit, self-love. 



JUi^l ikmdl, m. \ negligence, indolence, in- 
JV^\ ihmaliy f.J attention, delay, cure- 


H^ ahan, don^t, not, no, nay. h, 

^^ ahan^ m. iron. oAow-rtifta, m. a load- 
stone. Shan-gar^ an Ironsmith or blacksmith. oAaw- 
fori, the trade of an isonamith. p, 

LjJbt irf^l^BT a^hinsaf f. harmlessness. s. 
<-^V>..A»t ^rf^t^TV a-hinsak, harmless, inno- 

cooos. «. 

v^^T Vl1|rv ahnikf m. the constant or daily 

eeremonies of religion, duly work ; adj. daily, diurnal. 
iknUti, a4j. of or belonging to a day. t. 

ji^iWWfltKahankar, m. egotism, arr<^nce, 

haughtiness, pride. «. 

«^«^l V^i|{lO aha7iha7'if'\ haughty, arro- 

0;XJk^\ finfiT ahankrity j gant, proudf 

an egotist. «. 
uIXj^T ahanfff m. design, purpose; sound, 

melody ; one of the Persian tunes or modulations in 
music, p. 

^^yJb) dkam, "1 made of iron, ahamn-pafijay 
^^^juJb) dkantHyj iron-handed or iron-fisted, 

strong, powerful p. 

y^T ahii, m. a deer; a vice, defect, fault, ahu' 

bara, m. a fawn, ahu-chashm, having eyes like those 
of a deer, ahu-gitt a deer catcher, ahu-ghn, the act 
of catching deer. p. 

^1 lll(^ ahOf interj. O! holla! sign of the 

vocative, wonderful! h. 

y^j^)^l^\JT^ak<hrdtra, and night, s, 
{*y^\ Wld|T«T aAwan, m. summons, respectful 

invitation, s. 

^\ V^ ahsy interj. O ! sign of the Tocative. $. 

^^\ %^ ihi (for yt'Ai), this very, uht (forwmAi), 
-that very, h, [tive. #. 

(jjIjkA^^ ^rfm a-heiuhf careless, without mo- 

Uxibt W^ZX ahitd or ahita, a person appointed 

to watch the grain when ripe, and see that the dues 
are paid ere it be removed. A. 

^\ V|(lt ahiry m. a particular caste in India, 

whose business is to attend on cows ; a cowherd. For 
a full account of this tribe v. Wilson's Glossary. <. 

^1 W^ aher, f. prey, game, hunting, aheru^ 

C a plant {Asparagus racemosus)- h. 

iiUi^' H^iH ahlran,^ f. a woman of the 
j3^! V^i^ul aliimi, > caste of ahlrs ; a 
fjjj^] wft^ ahirtf J cowherd's wife. A. 
{^j^\ ^K^ akert, 1 m. a sportsman, a 
bjObt ^r^ftW aheriydj hunter, a fowler. A. 
^J;\ at, interj. O ! the vocative particle, p. 
^j\ ^ Bf interj. 01 a respectful particle of 

address. «. 

i^ \ W^ 5,1, f. coming, arrival, i, 

i^T wm dyu, f. age. btri'dfe mama is a phrase 

apparently connected with dyu : it signifies, " to die 
before one's allotted time," or '* in spite of fate." «. 

bj ayd, an interrogative particle, whether or 
not t inteij. ho ! hark you I p. 

liTinin%a,f. female attendant on children. A. 
ObT dydt (pi. of C^)f signs, marks; 

sentences of the ^.an, a. 

:b\ aiydZf name of a favourite slave in the 

household of Ma^mud of Ghaznh t, 


kT ( 

O^^l ^inrra dyas, m. fatigaoi weariness, s, 
^} oyd^, m. a cup, a drinking veBsel. p. 

Jbl ayal (for ydf), f. a home's mane, the 

lock between a hone's ean. p, h 

Cl.Jbi iydlaty f. dominion, government a. 
^b I aiydm (pi. of ^yj, days, times ; season, 

weather, a, 

^b) at^ami, durable, for a length of time. a. 

bb I inT«fT a-yandf ignorant } m. a fool. a. 
bjj f5a, making a sign with the finger for any 

one to approach (}m& denotes a aimilar sign to ngnify 
departure.) a. 

^U,\ aiba-gly^m, \ "f ***'"^ '"'"'^*- 
^**. **'• .,-,.,- cdly, all at once. rf. 
^AJkP^l aibu-gbfltbuy} 

CLa^J mi^ a^u^ ten thousand, a myriad, s, 
d^J ^rnnr dyat^ long, large, wide ; m. the 

■unshhie, sunbeam, t. 

iJ1a>1 ^n^lW dyaita^ docile, tractable. dyaU 

tats, f. docility, tractableness. #. 

Jl aya<, f. a sign, mark ; a sentence of tbe 

82 ) 


^tdn, contained between (signs) semicolons, or stops 
nearly equivalent thereto. dyat4 mtt$la^, a stop (m 
gram.), only used in the ^r/in, nearly equal to a 
comma, a. 

^J ^VT eta or flTT ltd, so much, this much 

(Dakh. now, at present), a. 

^y^A IttU (for itdl), now, at present, d, 
^j^} CVr^lfT etdfOtd, on this account, for 

this reason, t. [only this. s. 

j>^j^} ^dm^m etdrvan-rndtra, thus much, 
^j^^^ innf4 etad-artk, therefore, on that 

account. «. [acting affectedly, k. 

jO I ^im t^flr (v. itrdnd), affectation ; adj. 

<-:i^3 vt^M eiik, this much or many. h. 

u^^ll^l itildf, m. familiarity, friendship, so- 
ciety, connection, company, correspondence, a. 

O^ efam, m. a large lever for raising water, 

commonly called a pcuotta, d, 

Ul^l ^7«fT etnd or xtnd^ so much, h, 
j'^.' CT^TR etmdr (v. itmdr), m. Sunday. #. 
(C^lyJ^ etndrij m. a man confined for debt, 

who avails himself of the Christian sabbath for ap- 
pearing abroad, m, 

^Ji^^c^' ' d^eti-pd^eti, low down, d, 
^JU>} it, f. (same as tnt), a brick, s. 
\1jj\ aitna, n. to be palled, dragged, d. 
^\ ^i;A,reverenced,desired,&c.(v.ttAto). s. 
^2>} Ifi, f. a spear or lanoe ; the cat in boy's 

**I^y. ifi-dSn^u, the ball and crooked itiek in the 
game of chaugan. d. 

jMA isdr, presenting, offering, a. 
S^^' Vdb, m. rendering necessary ; (in 

logic) affirmation (opposite to privation) ; (in Mnsal< 
m&n law) the first proposal made by one of tike parties 
in negotiating or concluding a bargain, a. 

i>\^ i}dd, m. invention ; invented, ijdd-k,, a. 

to invent a. 

J^S^ Vdis, abridging, curtailing, epitomising 

(a book, &c). a. 

^tXJ^I W[^ dyudh, m. a weapon in general. «• 
O^^.' tjV tdrish, thus, such, like this. «. 
J^*^ ^W tdhar (v. idkar), here, hither, s. 
fd^ tzd^ f. pain, trouble, vexation, distress, 

affliction. iaf&-dik or tfo-rat&i, <mb who giTca aimoj- 
anoe, &c ; a regular bore. a. 

L«i>l^,\ erdb, m. the keel of a ship or boat. d. 

jiAvj^ ^^tJ^X. erdpker, m. 1 exchange, inter- 

ifjii^jl^ WKI^erdpkeru f.J change; danc- 
ing attendance. A. 

^]y.^ Irdd, f. citing, adducing, bringing (a 
chafge). irdd-k. to impute blame, a. 

icyji} ira», Persia. Irdn wa turdn, Persia and 

Tartary, or Persia and Transoxiana. a. 

ij}j>} Irani, of or relating to Persia ; a Per- 
sian ; a man of the ShI'a sect. p. 

Oj^.) ^TT^ airdvat, the name of Indra's 
chief elei^iant. a. 

cij];?.' ^n^ airdvatt, f. the Ravi river in 

** the Pas^&b. c. 

U .T _ .5. - J- M- off^» lifetime. *. 

^j^} fj^ *rhhd, ^ f. emulation, envy, spite. 

l-Jj;^J ^^ irskd, J trshdlu, envious. *. 

<^i^i ^^^^ erand, m. or erandif f. the castor- 
oil plant {Palma Chritti or iKicintM cofiMiimM). «. 

gr;J*J ^rt erif interj. O I a vocative particle 

for females, h. 

C^j*^s^j^ eri-pheii,,barter,&c.A. 

j^} ^ ^r OP ^t ^' striking with the heel, 

spurring, a sort of spur, &c. for urging on a horK. 
efmama, to spur. A. 

o^J ^Qfnr erkd, a large he-goat trained for 

fighting; a kind of fireworks. A. 

jg^Ji^ IT^Til ergaj, m. a medicinal plant used 

lor the cure of ring-worms, i. 
(cji) 'Wfi eft, f. the heel, eri dekho (look 

at your heel) look at home, a phrase used to obviate 
the effect of an evil eye. A. 

2fj>\ tzid, God. izidif divine, any thing be- 
stowed for the love of God. p. 



( 83 ) 


{^\ fw ijr, 1 God, a lord, master, su- 
yl>^ f)|| hhfj preme ; a name of Shiva, s. 
{j^\ W^cnr ayeuu, m. command, order, h, 
(j»>1 vnm ayWf f. age, lifetime, s, 
\^mA $1IT aisa, like this, a(\er this manner, 

•ometimea joined to other words, ai mard-aisd, like a 
man ; aUa taua or msd waisdt bo io, indifferent, in- 
diflf^rentlj. k, 

^LmjJ ^^nr i$an or itAait, a name of Shivcu 

ua»4unA, the north-east. A. 

VjLo) ^%in m/a, f. lordship, sapremacy. t* 
^^\jLj»? tsiadagi^ f. erection, stability, p. 

^^ULot u/oiiaii (r. Ist), to stand, to be erect ; 

to itaj. p. [raise up. p, 

so\jLj>3 istada^ erected, set up. utada-h^y to 

iJiMj^t ua2, m. a winged white ant. d, 

^««>l ^n^nr oyasu, m. order, command, h. 

^22>««^^ ^^ fltfon, this year. h. 

^^>M>^ Fit at^, ") adv. thus ; m. this man- 

^ift»*^ V^ aisen,) ner. A. 

L£jt ^Ip tfAa,f. the beam or pole of a plough, s, 

^^XLA eshan (pi. of o), they, those, p. 

^^LIjI ^Jf^ hhariy m. a name of Shiva '^ 
U^ht, splendour, ishan horn, m. north-east. «. 

Ca2j1 ^^ uhatf ady. a little, somewhat. «. 

IaJj) ff^fnn uhitd, f.. 1 supremacy, one 

I^jL1j»I ^fi|fiW ishitwa, mj of the eight at- 
tribntet of God. t. 

jyLAfl^fiK.tshniar, m. ruler, lord ; God ; a name 

of Aina, of Kam-dev^ of DmrgS, Lakskna, Saraswati^ or 
«n^ other of the Saktis or female energies of the 
deities, ishwar-ddhin, subject to God. Uktaarddhinata, 
snbjectlon to God. ishtvar'drddhna^ t. worship of 
God. uhufor-l^dOt m. the divine nature. «. 

^jy^ ^mft uhwamta, f. divine nature; 

difinit J, the godhead, s. 

»Jj^£m>}^m^ aishfvaiyaym, grandeur, pomp, 

state, supremacy, sway ; the diTine faculties of omni- 
presence, omnipotence, invisibility, &c «. 

Za>\ aizan, even, also } again ; the same ; 

likewise, moreover, a. 

Ubt i/*a, m. performing a promise, paying, 

satisfying, jfo'k., to make good, a, 

kiJbl ek, one ; frequently used like the article 

a or on, with us, as eJfr mard^ a man, ftc. ; it is also 
used in forming compound adjectives in imitation <tf 
the Persian, as ek-dil or ek-chii, of one mind, deter- 
mined, rceolnte. ek-zabdut of one speech, or of the 
ssme ndnd or sentiments. «A-m din na rahne, is ap- 
plied to a change of condition, moat commonly from 
good to evil, bat sometimes the reverse, ek ki das 
nmdm, to reply ten (words) for one (spoken of one who 
repliet in many woid% especially in giving abuse), sit 

mufh, (Dakh.) agreeing, unanimous, ek is frequently 
united with the following word in writing, as ekdin or 
ekrozt one day. ekdam, in one instant ek dd^ or eAr- 
ddhf one half, some few. ek bdr^ once upon a time. 
ek-bdrgi, ekd ek, or ekd eki, all at once, suddenly, ek 
dost or ek ^Mlam or ek-lals^f altogether, entirely, ut- 
terly, ek na ek, either, one or other, ek digar, one 
another. $, 

(^3oj\ Fi|iR[9 ekddash, eleven. 8. 
^Ji»>^\ vm^ ehadashl, f. the eleventh day 

** of the lunar fortnight. #. 

(^^^t^^} ^WTftnfir ekadhipati, m. sole and 

' absolute monarch, aikdd/dpatya, m. absolute sove- 
reignty. *. 

j^^} FVRIR ehdkar, alike, uniform. «. 

(jli\>j>I <«iii«| ekdkshf one-eyed, blind of one 
eye ; m. a crow. », 

^^^} ^Wt^ ehdhi, solitary, alone. *. 

jSoJi Cinn ehagra, intent, fixed on one ob- 
ject, undisturbed, ekdgraid, £, close attention, s. 

CLo^j) F9Rf ekdnt, aside, apart, alone, so- 
litary, uninhabited. «. 

y ojf ekdnaw or ekdnaurve (for ikdnaive)^ 

ninety-one. d, 

^^0J>^ ekdwan (for ikdivan)y fifly-one. c2. 

C^Kj>^ $^nf^ aikdhik, quotidian, s. 

(^DjJ ««»i^ ehd,t, f. unanimity, unity; so- 
litude, loneliness, s, 

j^. ^^} ^CTTOll't ekd-ekty all at once. *, 
j_54^^J^J ^WWnft ek-bdchh$, distribution of 

any tax or cess levied upon all lands at an equal rate, h, 

CIa^H^aSoI ^«m9 ekrhhakt, worahipping one 

deity, eh-bhakti, of one faith, believing in one deity, t, 

j^^ja^.\ :i;«IMMf) ek-patni, f. a faithful wife, 

" one devoted to her husband, t, 

{J^^^^} ^T^inn^ ek'paksha, m. an associate, a 

firm ally. t. 

C^.f W^ a-yukt or a-yukfa, unfit, im- 
proper; m. violence, oppression, s, 

^x>l ^^an ekidy f. unity, union, equality. $, 
JUSoJ ^4fff9 eh'tdly ra. harmony, unison, 

adjustment of song, dance and music: «. 

yMjJlI$3l ehtdtis (for t^^aZt^), forty-one. d. 

^ll^f ^nmnr eh-^tdny closely attentive, in- 
tent on one object ; m. musical unison, s. 

ji^ TW^ekatr or ekatra, together, in one 

place, s, 

\^\ W%^ ekatrd, 1 m. a sum total ; in- 
tJjSo\ '^^nf ekatra, J terest of one percent 

per month ; adv. together, in one plaoe^ #. 

>.UUol ^mrcniT. ekatrd-jrvdr, m. a tertian 

ague or fever. $. 



l^SoJ T^ym ehatha or ekiha, \ together, 

^^J F^ITTTt ^^1^ eA,^Aa or ekattha, J col lected ; 

m. a small boat, rowed bj one oar. ekpid-k,^ a. to 
gather, to collect. «• 

''^'•^^l '^niiZ^ ek'tak, m, a fixed look, stare, s. 

ek-^kitt, intent on, absorbed 

in one thing ; of one mind, agreeing. «. 

liXSoJ FH^ ekaddy once, once upon a time. s. 
{jfijt^i^ ^^ire^ ek'druli, one-eyed. s. 

,,^C*> ^^ mXyS l£4§f|llia ek'duhh'tukhy sym- 
pathizing, sharing joy and sorrow. «. 

^l»lio3 ^9<in(f eh-rdahiy f. a heap, a crowd. «. 
c^jij»3 if^^'M ek-rupy like, similar. <• 

jLJot ^nran. ehsdr, ' similar, identical, /i. 
^j^LJoI 71P9T>T eksdn,j 
^ JJot ^H^li^ll ek-skaran, one only refuge, 

applied to a deity, t. 

J-153J FV^T^ eh-sharir, of one body or 

blood, t. [eye. 

^*^;>t ^l|^ Ikslian, m. sight, seeing ; the 
^J^JsSJ\ ek'fardi, "I land producing only one 

, ' f alone, solitary. 


LAfl55\ ek-fasti, J crop annually. /? 
(J^^J I!44I4 ek'kdlf m. one or the same 

time, ek-kdltn, coeval, simultaneous, contemporary, s. 

i^^>-^^^i^ ^4i'll4(i ek'gdchhiy f. a canoe 

"hollowed out of one single trunk of a tree. s. 

^^^CiJj^ ^^nrwhff ek-gi^dmin, of the same 

town or village, f . [preceptor. «. 

jlSf^iX)} 4>4M4( ek-guru, a pupil of the same 

13^1551 H^i^ril e^Zau^a, only-begotten (son).«. 

U>j5oJ ^n^ ekotrd, a sum total. A. 

M. yi Wwrt «A t?arwa, of one caste, of one 

colour; m. an unknown quantity (in algebra), s. 

^JgijSS^ fnraflr f. ek-vamty beating time by 

" dapping the hands, an instrument which beats time, 
a Castanet, s. 

if^S^ '^[9S^^(^ ekavinshay the twenty-first, s, 
^*l\^s\ ^r^vtf^^jlfif ekavimhaiijiviewij'One.s, 
,4iSj ^fl ikhy f. sugar cane (same as ukh). 

According to the author of the Araishi Ma^^ the 
word is pronounced ikh in the province of Dihll, and 
ukh in that of Oude, Lakhnau, kc. s, 

&ij3 ai'^h al^8 ^^^^f P'^y ^^^^' P' 

w\j^^ ^?imi tkh-rdj, the day on which the 

planting of the sugar-cane commences, generally 
attended with festive ceremonies, h. 

( 84 ) y i^-\ 

jS^J ekliat^r (for ikhattar)^ seventy-one. d, 
U4x>1 ekJiattd (for ekatha), collected, in one 

place, &C. d, 

]/^} *!'*fil ekahrdy single, solitary, alone, s. 
j^Lx>\ ekedsi (for ikdst), eighty-one. rf. 

(^y U^f ekednawe (for tAa9ian76),ninety-one.</. 

(ji*AX>J ekis (for tAl«), twenty-one. d, 

(i^Iax^I ^^Nt eAatA, singly, one by one* «. 

^Ux^.\ eA^/a (for aA«/a or ikela)^ alone, soli- 
tary, rf. 

9'^^ $V aikyay m. oneness, sameness; an 

aggregate, a total, s. 
^2^1 $>pir aiguHy m. unskiifulness, stupidity, j. 

J.^1 ^yaZ, uyyal and ayytdy a deer, bart, 

wild goat of the mountains, a. 

Jj>3 6/, f. a gold or silver bracelet worn by 

noales only. d. 
^\ 1^:^ eld J f. small cardamums, the seeds of 

JBleeteria cardamomum or Alpinia cardtanomttiiu s. 

ilj>^ tld (lit.) swearing ; in law, a vow to 

abstain firom having carnal knowledge of a wife for 
four months, the fulfilment of which is equivalent to 
a divorce, a, 

j!^\ aildr orj'^3 ««'Z5r, on this side. d. 
tj^'\ elcht, m. an ambassador, agent, at- 

"tomey, envoy. elc^Upanat m. or elcht garj, f. o£Soe 
or dignity ik ambassador, ambassadoruiip, agency. 
elchi-gari'k., a. to act the ambassador, &c ; to act for 
another. L 

jUb\ tl^r or eJ^ar (for U^dr q.v.), the 

forced march of an army through a country, t 

Jj^3 at^at7,m. abusive langiiage,obscenity.c{. 
AA dam or i/am, m. an auction or public sale. 

elam-dalnd, to sell by auction, d. 

\^\ ^9^ elfvd, m. aloes, k. 

Lbl iZya, Elias or Eli ; Jerusalem, a. 

ft)^.\ Jj3 eH-eldUdk (for Id ildka Uld^Udh), 

there "is but one God. d. 

.f^jJL>\ ailewdr or ailemar, on this side, d, 

\^} %md, m. sign, nod, wink (indicating de- 
parture); emblem, symptom, a. 

^)W.^ tmdny m. faith, belief, conscience, reli- 
gion. Imdn-dart faithful, true. imSn-darh f. fidelity, 
truth, iman-lana, to believe, iman-h,, to be on oath. a. 

^Jy\^\ imam, faithful, of the (Musalman) 

" faitii. a. 

t^^ ^!*l^ aimli, name of a tribe or caste, k, 
{2;^ ^<TT eman, m. a musical mode. s. 
^^^ aimariy more or most happy, fortunate, a, 
^^\ emm(foT aint»),8ecure,safe,void of care. /?. 
^^3 amani or emini, f. security, protection, a. 



( 85 ) 

A aima (for a,, pi. of ^1*1, Imams, 

Sdnti). m. Imnd giTen u a reward or^ favour b7 tb« 

««>1 at 

Sdnti). „ . . 

king, at a very low rent, a fief (when no rent \% paid, 
it is called Id-j^aj) \ a grant of land, &c., to ^e 
people who attend at the tomb of a saint, aima-dar, 
one who holds onui land, a feoffee, atflia mMaftC, a 
filiage given as a charitable endowment to learned or 
leligioDs persona, a. 

^\ in (Pere.), this, these, ain (Arab.), 
where X tm (Dakh.). shewing, or exhibiting the teeth. 

i£oj\ fz ifU, f. a brick. tnUgari, brickwork. 
hit^ipaia, a biickmaker t. 

Ujj>I ^fin aintd, m. a snail, h, 
^Vlbt f^CT^ tnfayd, m. a kind of dove. h. 
(CjKajjI ^TVT^ tnt'kdrif f. brickwork, h. 
^ySi>^ aintarij m. the strings or bands of a 

qMnning wheeL d, 

llSij\ ^fTHI aintndf n. to twist, to writhe, to 
be radced with spasms ; to walk or move stiffly, h. 

^^jA aintnxj f. pride, peevishness, d. 

yb^ atnftr, proud, peevish ; stately. aii4U'' 

pma, statelinesa. d. 

,^i:>\ }t9 ainthj f. a coil, twist, convolution, 

tightening ; strut i»^ (Dakh.) for m^ q. v. 

^S<^\ aintkdna, a. to twist, &c. (in a tran- 

iitive sense). At. 

\^^\wJw(\aintknd, tighten ; n. to writhe, 
to cramps to twist • to stmt, to stalk, to walk aflectedlyA 

t>\ "^ ainch (alsoin^A and ainchu\ m. re^ 
ferre, security, attraction. a4iicA-A-/iaiiicA,qnarrelling.A. 

U^I'^NRT ainchnd (or tnchna)y a. to draw, 

to attract, to pull, h, 

iiJiJU.»yiJ»^ ^rJinf^T* aindra-jalik, m. a jug- 
gler, amagidan ; a4j. of or relating to magic, illttsory.A. 

jjJjjI ^?g: xndury m. (also vndur)^ a rat ; a 

moose, k. 

»*vij ayanda^ in future, futurity, p. 
lo3j^j»«\joT dtfanda-^avanda (pi. dyanda-ra- 

wndagan), one who is passing to and fro. p. 

^^Jjj\ ^19<T tndhan^ m. firewood, s. [abont. K 
^^\ \wim aindndf n. to strut, to stalk 
\^lh\ frVJ indhuyd, m. a roll or round fold 

00 which a burden is carried on the head ; a pad on 
the top of the head for supporting a water-Jar. A. 

y^\ tnahy lo! behold ! there for you. p. 

/j»y\ fviK, Ingur, m. red lead, minium, p. 

yA tnv or ino, thb, these, d. 

j^ ^ etfa, even bo, verilyt indeed. «. 

^T mj ayfi, also dyu, f. age, lifetime. «. 

\)^j>} ^^iro aiwdra, m. a cow-shed (in a 

jnngle). k. 

^^\y\ amdn, m. a hall, a gallery, a portico, 

applied generally to a royal palace, p. 
\i^^y^ irthaw ayodhyd, f. the name of the 
ooontry and city of which Rama was sovereign ; the 
present kingdom of Oode. «. 

{S^^{j\ ai'Wdjif^ interj. alas 1 alas ! woe is 
5fj(^\ ai-Todhy J me ! p. 
L«^j>t aiyub, m. the patriarch Job. a. 
(J^jiy.^ Vlj^<jl dyurbalAf, age, lifetime, du- 
i>^y.l W^iftr dyurddy J ration of life. s. 
J^ If^ emaVy m. a flock of goats, h. 
9J^y>\ ysnim a-yogya^ unfit, improper. », 

Ijo^^j VX^Jilill a-yogyatdj f. want of fitness.'. 
j^y>\ if[^ evanif thus, so, even so. s. 

«>T WR c^ay m. receipt, gain, profit A. 
*?J «y^ (v- 5ya0> ^ verse of the iurydn. a. 
^\ ^ %h (for yih)y this, he, she, it. h. 

^1^3 ^ than (for yahdn), here, in this 
place. A. [sent world ; worldly, mundane, t. 

i,iX^}\ ^f^ aihiky of this place; of this prc- 
UuoT m4in dyitd, prepared, ready. «. 
-^1 a,in, m. regulation, law, rules (common 

law ; the laws delivered by Muhammad are called shar'» 
those established by princes a,in) i institute, custom, 
manner, p. ^ [ferior. d. 

^jjob ^Jix> I dy%Mi'pdyXhrxy low, under, in- 
{^{O^ I dyxn-ddn, m. one skilled in the law ; 

but it generally signifies a man who practises on the 
simplicity of people by his knowledge of law, hence, 
a pettifogger, a rogue, p, 

*juoT dflnoy m. a mirror, looking-glass ; the 
kneepan. a,tna,e itkandan, a celebrated mirror said to 
have been made by Aristotle, and placed on the sura- 
rait of a tower built by Alexander the Great at bis 
newly-built city of Alexandria, p. 

jUaJujT dyxna-ddry m. the mirror-holder, an 

officer at eastern courts; met. a mendicant a,?»a*<fart, 
£ the office of holding the mirror, p. 

^bdJuJT dyxna-ddn, m. the case ofa mirror, p, 
jU*»wjjT dylna-sdzy m. a mirror-maker. a,ina- 

sazi, the trade of mirror-making, p. 

Jjj^ajjlJT d.xna-farozy or dyxna-afroZy or a,ina- 

zlda^e^ m. an instrument for polishing mirrors, p. 

A^djjo I dyina-mahally m. an apartment of 

which the walls are covered with mirrors (in eastern 
palaces), p, a. 

^ be^ the second letter of the Arabic alpha- 

bet. It is sounded like our b, and in numeration by 
abiad it counts two. It is often prefixed to Persian 
and Arabic words with the sense of by, to. for, && In 
Arabic phrases it is always united to the noun it go- 
vems, and sounded U. In Persian it is sounded &a. 
and may be united to its noun, or it maybe written 
separately with the weak or imperceptible h, a. p. 

^ W ba^ is the corresponding Devanagari 

letter, and in words from the Sanskrit it is freqnenUy 
substituted for », as hwraha for vwraiui. It stands for 
harunoy the god of water: it mav also denote the sun, 
the ocean, or water in general >. <. 


( 86 ) 


\} ^bd (for WT va), conj. or, either. $, 

b ba, with^ by, possessed of (in opposition to 

he, without, deprived of); frequently uaed as first 
member in composition, m in bd-dhrUt honourably, 
respectably. bA-itt{falj[, with unity, harmonionslv. 
bd-a§ar, effectively. &d-t&ft/a|. sincere, bd-adab, in 
aceordance with good manners, bd-dtt'ki, notwith- 
standing that. bd'iTndn^ faithful, religious, bd-tadbir, 
prudent, with deliberation. bd-tamiZt discreet. Judi- 
cious. bd-]^abar, intelligent, bd-^yd, modest. 6a- 
fAtf'tir, wise, intelligent bd^^u^ida, according to rule. 
bd muruwatf humane, bd maxa^ tasteful, delicious. 
bd woff or bd umjudt notwithstanding, bd waz\ re- 
spectfully, bd w<{fd, sincere, faithful, p, 

^m^^ bdb, m, a chapter, section, or any divi- 
sion of a book ; a door; subject, head, affiiir, business, 
point, matter, reason, manner, mode, species, method, 
sort ; bdbu-4-Utub€U, the door of repentance. In reve- 
nue language a head of accounts, a tax, a cess (vide 
the pi. aJnodby bab-todr and bdb-ydft^ classifled, items 
entered (as fields, &c.) under Uieir proper heads. 
hab-wurt, f. classification, a. 

bb WTWT hdhd^ ra. father, sir ; in Bengal it is 

a very common term for boy, girl, child, or any young 
person, bdba-jdn, dear father, or dear child. H 

cl^b bdbat, f. account, head, article, item ; 

business, affair, matter; on account of. This term, 
vnth its oompdimds, is much employed in revenue ac 
counts ; as, bdbat-toqi^j according to entry, babat-tpdri, 
£ any thing which is registered or entered in a general 
statement of accounts, bdbat-y^ft, the particular 
items of any charge, bdbati, any cess or item of re- 
venue: the Persian pi. bdbatdn is also used in the 
sense of '* sundries," miscellaneous items, a. 

jjb ^nmtbdbar, m. a kind of sweetmeat; a 

species of grass (v. beb), K 

{^^yS^s ^1W^ babarcht (for bdmarchx), m. 

**a cook, bdbarcht'l^na, a cook's shop or kitchen, 
vulgarly called bobberchy-cotmer by the non-reading 
Europeans, male and female, p, 

(^b^b ^IwftUT bdbariydn, a head of hair, 
long and uncut, d. 

J^b babul, Babel or the city of Babylon, a. 

^b nwrt bdbnty f. a snake's hole. A. 

^b WT^ftaftti, m. a child ; a prince ; master, 
a title among HindQs equivalent to our Mr. or 
Squire, and it is now as common as the latter terms 
are among us. h. [Ion, Babel, a. 

Jyb babul (same as babul), the city of Baby- 
j^yb WTWt* bdbon, for the sake of. d. 
ft->^L^ bdbuna, m. camomile; wild ivy 

(Richards), p, 

4^b wni bap, m. father. bdp-h,,VL, to consider 

as a father, bdp^re or bap^merd (my father h. inteij. 
an exclamation expressive of surprise, grief, £c. A. 

U— Ijb ^Hfirun bdptUmd, m. baptism (this 
word has been recenUy introduced into the Indian 
dialects by the Christian Missionaries, g, 

• Jb ^TtA bdprau,\ 

tTV .^ . f helpless, poor, destitute. A. 

^b wni bdphf f. steam, yapoar. i. 
jejb wnft bctpx, f, a large oblong pond or 

**pool, commonly called a tank. «. 

Ob WHT bdty f. speech, language, word ; 

count, subject, question, cause, bat bSndknd^ a. to 
phisticate, to prevaricate, bat barhdnd, a. to prolong * 
contest bat bigdrnd^ a. to mar a plot, to spoil. bH 
bandndt a. to make up a story, to make excuses, bat 
pdnd, a. to accomplish one's wishes, to effect one's pur- 
pose, bat phemd, a. to equivocate, bat phenknd, a. to 
Jeer, to mock, to speak at (but not to), bat falna, a. to 
put off, to excuse one's self, bat attUandt a. to ooa- 
verse, to start a subject, bdt chit, f. conversation, cfaii^ 
chat. 6a/-</Aaraita, a. to persist in making excuses, to pot 
off, to evade, bdt 4dlnd, a. to throw away one's words, 
to ask in vain, bdt rakhnd, a. to assist, to sgree, to com- 
p)v. bdt rahndt n. to make good one's words, to be fnl 
filled or accomplished (declarataons), to succeed, to 
overcome, to get the better in aivuments, to be ac 
cepted, to preserve perfect, bdt kd batakkar-k.f to mnl 
tiply words, talk much on little, bdt kdtnd, a. to inter 
rupt. bdt kdjdn, in short, bdt kdn ko lend^ a. to accept, 
agree to. bdt kur»t'nithin-k.t to be approved of (an 
affair or proposal), bdt ko pma, a. to have patience, bat-k^ 
a. to converse, to talk, to ftj^eak. bdt ki oat, nnmeaning 
orders, commands not expected to be obeyed, bdt id 
bdt mtfil, in an instant, bat gafhwd, n. to speak to the 
purpose, to (speak so that one's words) have effect or 
make impression, bdt ghafrk*, to determine, settle. 
bdt lagdnd, to calumniate, bdt mdmd, to turn off, to 
evade, to divert (a discourse, &c). bdt man meA ba$»d, 
n. to recollect, remember, bdt mein kuchh-k., to perform 
a business in a word, i. e. in a short time, to lose no 
time in doing any thing. btU meik girdnd, a. to floor (the 
opponent) in argument. bdteH sundnd, a. to abuse, to 
speak harshly. bdteH tunnd, a. to receive abuse or harsh 
reproof, s. [tisoL s 

Ob ^77 hdty m. pain in the joints, rheuma- 
^^l^'^^bb bdtdn khdnxj talkative, d. 

^V£>b ba'tttifak or bi'ittifakj with one con- 
sent, harmoniously, a. [Etawab. A. 

Ylflnr bdtin, name of a tract of land in 

(J?yb WTJvft bdtuniy 1 conversable, enler- 

uj|yb ^irfVpn ^^a^tfittya, J taining, talkative, 
chatty ; a talkative, entertaining, conversable person. A. 

^b wnrt bdti, f. a candle, a wick ; a tent or 
"bougie put into a wound to keep it open. «. 

cL»b WT7 bdt J f. a road, highway, bdt idru, 

a traveller, a wayfarer ; m. a weight, or measure of 
weight, whether of stone or metaL bd^-ckhdo, the stamp 
on weights and measures to guarantee their being ge 
nuine. bdf-chhdpi, fee for stamping weights, &c. s. 

Ub ifTTT bdtdy m. a share, portion, d, 

oob '^Tf^PVT bdtikdy m. a villa. «. 

bJb ^I^HI bdtnd (also bdthnd), a. to share, 

to portion out or divide ; to spin, to twist d, 
i^b ^tA bafif f. a habitation, dwelling-house, 

"home; a garden-house, t. [other, k, 

^y^^y^ ^T^^^ bdte-ghdte, somewhere or 

j\ b bd-asar, with effect, effective, p. a. 

^'b ^rm bdj, without, in the absence of. d. 

mX> bdjy m. a tax, duty, toll, impoK, &c. ; tri- 
bute, originally, that taken by one king from another. 
bdj'ddr or bdj-gir, a tax-gatherer, or collector of tri- 
bute or revenue, bdj-guj^rt one who pays taxe^ 
duties, && p. 


Wb ^TWI bdjn^ m. a mosical instniment; 

wuic. baj9-b€^tmtttrt or "bq/attar, a band of mudc. s, 

WoWb Wff^lPnUT bdjor'ffajaf m. the sound or 
claa^ of Tariow miuical infltnunents. #. 

J^b WlWn hajraj m. a kind of grain so called; 
Indian com {Hohm spieaiwi). K 

KfJ!^^ WnrA haji\j f. same as hajra only of 
a maDer kind. h. Qnttrumenta. «. 

r^^b WTifrnr haj-gaj, m. sound of musical 
Jk£>b haj-girf one who receives or collects 

taxea, ftc. p. 

^b ^rnnf frq^an^m. pl.musicalinstraments. A. 
U^b ^rnnn bajna, D. to sound (as a musical 

inftrament) ; to be publiahed ; a. to play, strike up or 
peilbnn on an iuetrument. h. 

Vb^^b wnnnTin bajan4>qja, m. pi. musi- 

cal inatmmenta. A. 

i^jAJM^b WI^HlO bc^ntari, f. a tax formerly 

exacted from mnaidans and dancing-girls, h. 

^b Yf^^o/u^ m. a kind of ornament for the 


si^b bc^a^m, ( v. bajd),a. musical instrument.^. 

j^b WTift bdji, m. a horse, s. 

\kX} wm bdchd or vdehdy f speech, affirma- 
tkMi. agreemeat, promiae or pledge. «. 

^^l»>b ^T^lli' bdchak or troi^AaA, speaker \ (in 

grsnunar) an explanatoiy particle. «. 

«4^b ini( bachk, f. selection ; the corner of 

the lip ; adj. useless ; in reTenue language, it denotes 
the y roport i ottate rate or division either of lands or lia- 
bilities attached to them, baekh-barar, an adjustment 
of liabilities, acc> «. [animal), i. 

^b YIKT Idchhd, a calf (or young of any 
J49*V ^Tl(9 bdchhalf a tribe of rdj-puts 

9hoaX'Aligttrh,kc h [lect h, 

^J^^'V WT1(*IT bachhndy a. to choose, to se- 
u>>b ^ni bdckya or vdchyay m. a sentence 

(in grammar) ; adj. speakable, fit to speak. «. 
^^b 5ai>^a, m. (for »>-b q. v.) a tortoise, jo. 
j^^-b fcg-AAfl&ary careful, intelligent, p. 
(;;i>b feg^^gn (r. ^or) to play, to sport with; 

to endanger, p, 

•S^b hdHUiy played, lost (by play), p. 

*^b haUunLy m. a tortoise or turtle, p, 

^y hud, f. wind, bdd-se bdt^k.y to go very 

QQickly, to be very twifl. bddi tundf f. a stormy wind. 
Md-paimd or had-rqftdr, swift as the ^nd (generally 
Applied to a horse^. badi samnm, f a hot pestilential 
wind, had-tanjt idly speculative, viun ; one who builds 
csstles in the air. biidi shurta, f. a fair wind, a favour- 
jWe wind. badifaroMg, St. Anthony's fire (the pox {), 
^'farosh, a musician or minstrel, literally a seller of 
*ind.^ badi muj^lif^ f. a contrar>- wind, bddi fabdX the 
pioming breeze, a zephyr, bddi nutrSdt f. a fair wind ; 
m revenue language it denotes a remission on account 
<n deficient produce, p. 

87 ) .ib 

4>b bad (for burvddy precative form of budany 

to be;) may it be, or may it continue or be perpe 
tual. (also bddd). p, 

ch YT^ bdd or vddy m. accusation ; assertion, 

asseveration, affirmation ; a claim or plea ; rheuma* 
tism. bdd'k., a. to argue. «. 

j^i^b ^ril^ bdddr, a large house, granary 

raised on piles, h, 

Aii\j baddm, m. an almond, also an Indian 

fruit resembling the almond, the cataping of the Ha- 
lays. p, 

a^Ub bdddmay the aurelia or silkworm in its 

nymphean state ; a kind of silk ; a dress made of rags 
sewn together, worn by Ja^s, p, 

^bb baddnii, almond-coloured; almond- 

** shaped; a kind of eunuch; a kind of dish of which 
almonds form a maixi ingredient, p. 

^bibb ^T^nwrr^ bdddnubdd, m. altercation, 

dispute, &c. «. [tic), p. a. 

^^^b bdd'bdkl, f. subtraction (in arithme- 

^b>b bdd-bdn, m. a sail ; a vessel in which a 

lamp is placed for protection firom the wind. j». 

l^^b bdd'pd, having feet li^e the wind, fleet, 

swift (horse), p, 
to\>'d\> bad-Mt^i/Oy m. the rupture, p. 

j^^b bad-KhoTj m. a disease in horses, from 
which the hair falls off. p. [V^^)* P* 

l^^^b bdd'Mprdy a scald head {Tinea ca- 
j^b in^ hddavy a cloud, (v. bddal). k. 
jdh TIJ^ badur, m. a flying fox ; a bat. s. 
^j^b bddranjy an orange, a kind of 

cL^j^b hddrangy \ citron, a species of 
^^^xijij:\>bddrangtny\ large cucumber, bdd- 

ranj buya or bddrang boya, Arabian balm, mountain 
balm, p, 

aul^ ,4ib bdd-re$hay m. a whirl, a circular piece 

ofwood at the end of a spindle ; the round piece of 
wood at the upper end of a tent-pole. p. 

aJ .(^b bddriyay m. a ventilator suspended to 

the roof of a house, to increase the circulation of air, 
and drive away flies, p, 

8\g£»^b bddskdh, m. a king, a sovereign : this 

is an Arab corruption of the Persian word pddi- 
<AaA, q. V. p, [of a king. p. 

«3\ibLldb bddshdiidnay kingly, in the manner 

(3^lM»db bddshdkaty f. a kingdom, govern- 
ment. p» 

i^\jl\Ji»ch bddshdh'Zdda, a king^s son, a 
prince, bddshah^xdd*, a princess, p, 

>U»^b bddshdhi, f. royalty, sovereignty ; 

"a(^. royal, belonging to a king, bddshahi stuiad, a 
royal tenure, or grant of land rent-free, p 

8JL^\j hddshah (same as &aJ«AaA),a king,&c.p. 


( 88 ) 

{^fSch bad-hash f m. a fan, a Tentilator; a 

punkah; bellowi. p* 

i>^db bad-gird, A "whirWind, p. 

J(3^ W1^ badal, m. a cloud. h» 

^^b wn^ badlaA m. gold or silver thread, 

*3«^V ^^^^ bddla,) brocade, &c. A. 

(J«3^ WT^^t badaU, silver cloth ; cloudiness. A. 

A>b badam (for 5a£2am), an almond; spi- 
ceriet. p. [snake's bite. p. 

9^(>b bad-muhra, m. an antidote for a 
^Ijit^b bddinjdn, the egg plant. j9. 
V^i^b bad-numa, ro. a weathercock, p. 

S(>b fra^a, m. wine, spirits, bada-parastf ad- 
dicted to wine. hada-kasK wine-drawer, bada^noth, 
or 6d<iFa-gti«ar, a wine-bibber, p. 

^Ch ^1^ 6a^£A, a lesser division of an estate; 

a plain, a desert. K 

^ch ^HM badhy m. prohibition, hindrance; 

a chord, a string. ». 

U(^b WW badha, f. pain, anguish, s. 
CiAlbi^b wrfVif bddhit, obstructed, impeded, 

pained, tormented. 9, 

UiJjb^b WOnbadhahf one who int6rrnpt8,&c.s. 

foib(>b ^vtlfif 2^a<f Aan, m. pain, act of obstruct- 
ing or opposing. «. 
f^ lyb jb 2^a£^Aan;a,t, f. fruitlessness, useless- 

ness; waste, p. 

«Alb(>b WTCq^^acfAya , what ought to bestopped.^. 
{jd\i bddi, flatulent, troubled with wind. p. 
fCjb in^ 6a<^ (for t^o^), an accuser, a 

plaintiff, an enemy, b&di chor^ an inveterate thiel ». 
{j^\> bddl, beginner, an author, a. 

^bi^b bddiydn (also bddiydna), sweet fennel ; 

anise seed. f. 

&>3b bddij/a, m, a bowl, cup, glass (but ge- 
nerally made of brass or bell-metal), p. 

iop\f bddiya, m. a desert, a wilderness, a, 

.* • 

9jb 1^17 bddh, f. stubble. A. 

\j>3b irn3*n bddkndf a. to cut, to shear. A. 

^ib fca^/J, the juice of grapes, slightly 
boiled, a. 

jb bar J m. load ; time, once ; a court, a tri- 
bunal, sitting of a sovereign to give audience ; repeti- 
tion ; fruit ; leave, permission, admission ; pregnancy. 
hdr-dar, loaded, fUlI of fruit ; pregnant, bdr^dend, to 
load ; to give charge ; to impose, to give trouble, to 
encumber ; to give admission, to give leave, ka^i bar 
karke, after several times ur turns, p. 

.b WK bdr^ f. time, occasion, delay ; verge, 
edge ; a girl not exceeding sixteen ; m. da^^ of the 
week; door; water; child; hnir; prohibition, ob- 
stacle. bSr lagand, to delay, to hesitate. «. 

jb WTC bar, 1 m. perquisite of the ahSr or 
l^b mtf bdrdf J cow-herd in milk, general! j 

the milk of every eighth day. A. 

]^b bdrd, m. wind, air, atmosphere, d. 
4/^*3];b mil^O bdrddari (v. bdrah), f. a 

summer-house. A. 

^^XMftljb iTKlfXill bdrdsingd, m. a stag (^Oer^ 

vus elapkus), h, 

i^j^J^ Wlil^O bdrdhhari, f. the combina- 
tion of the consonants (in the DevanigarT) with tiM 
vowel sjfxnbols. A. 

^I^b bdrdn, m. rain, the rainy season, p, 
^l^b bdrdntf f. a great coat, or cloak for 

keeping off the ndn ; unirrigated land, Le, land d^ 
pending on the natural rains of the season, p. 

s|^b wrn^ bdrdh, m. a boar, a hog; the 

third incarnation of Yishnu. s. 

^_^]^b wro?t bdrdhi, f. land ; adj. relating 

to bdraht the third incarnation, h, t, 
jbjb bdr-bdr, repeatedly, often (also bdran^ 

6ar). har-hdrl-k,^ to procrastinate, delay, p, 

4^ \jb.b ^KWn^ bdr-batdfl, f. division of 

the crops by sheaves or shocks, before the com It 
trodden out. h, 

j>jO bdrbavy burden-bearing (ox or ass), p, 
jtj^b bdr-barddr, m. a porter, a burden- 

bearer, p, 

^c-b Jjb bdr-barddri, f. expenses of travel- 
ling, coolie-hire, carriage-hire, means of conveyaiioe.|9. 

-p-jb ^rftll bdrij (for vdrtja), m. the lotus. 
bar^a nayan^ having eyes like the flower of the lotos, a. 

OWjb bdrjdty an oppressive custom, forcing 
the natives to buy goods above the market price, p, 

^tfW.b bdr}d,e, a custom of forcing people 

to buy goods at an exorbitant price ; likewise, a free 

E'ant of a spot of ground made by the zamludars and 
ndholders to any of their relatives, the rents of 
which, to prevent a loss to the donor, are assessed 
upon the rest of his possessions. />. 

L^W.b bdrchdp, a kind of cloth. d» 

^^l^.b bdri-khdss, m. private hall of au- 
dience, p. [mind. p. a. 
jLl^jb bdrihhdtir, load or distress of 

dj\>-X> }jdr-khdna, m. a warehouse, p. 

\t^jO bdri']ihndd^ Great God. p. 

(>ib inft^ bdrid m. (for vdrid)^ a cloud. «. 

i>.b bdridy cold, frigid ; established, a. 

Jjb hdrizj a term in arithmetic, the sum total 

or gross amount, p. 

(^jijb bdrishf f. rain ; a shower of rain. p. 
4^\> bdr-t'dm^ m.public hall of audience. ji.a. 

( 89 ) 



w^U Wfftv barikf m. raio (for varik or 

wind), k, 

•Uk:l)^b barah-^Ilah (God prosper you), a 
p^nseexpreMiTe of admiration, a. 

l^j^, bar-hashy lit. " burdoD-bearing/' ap- 
fdicd to elephant! p carts, porters, &c. p. 

llS^^U hargah or A>.b hargahy f. a court, pa- 
lace, place of aadience. bdr-gdh-i-ihaf» priirate court, 
pffivy-coimdl chamber. bdrgSh-i-am, public court, 
where every body is admitted, p, 

fjj^ haragi or hargi (used in comp.), time, 

or turn, p^ 

j^}^ hargir, m. a horseman (soldier) who 
does not 6ad his own horse ; a beast of burthen, p. 

I l2)j^ 1RW baran (for varan), m. forbidding, 
prohibiting, preventing ; an eleplumt. t, 

^^ WR]>n bdmoy n. to leave off, to sepa- 

ntie, to quit ; a. to forbid, to prohibit t. 

V3yV ^nrin bamay a. to light, to kindle. A. 
j^f>^b WttWft bdrambdr (for bdr-bdr), often, 

repeatcdlj. h, 

AJ^V Wrtm bdramba, m. fruit of mangoes, 
rerenoe derived from mango groves, h. 

dijh bdrandagiy f. rain, raining, p. 
^j3.b bdrandoy that which rains or showers. ^. 
«3 lb ^rr^^ bdruntf f. spirituous liquors. «• 
JuV ^FTC 5artf, f. sand (vide bdlM)\ m. a 

idiild. tf. 
jfjb ^r« (for bdrui), f. gunpowder^saltpetre. ji. 

yljjb Jarwon (for ^araAn^an), the twelfth. A. 

Oj jb fcartt/,^ ^ , 

j-' M. saltpetre; gunpowder, p. 

i>jjb bdrudy J 

s.b Wire (araA, land next to or surrounding 

a village, k, 

%\> WR3E bdrahy twelve, barah-dari, f. a 

sommerlKrase (q.d. with twelve doors), barah hdp Aon^ 
n. to become a vagabond, to be ruined or ha ra ss ed , k, 

t\> barOy for the sake of, in behalf of, as in 

the phraae dor bara^ nan, in my behalf; (in oomp.) 
turn, time; aa, d^hara, twice, over again, p, 

Uyb bdr-kdf often, repeatedlj. p. 

\ix^%Jj mVffimt barah-singdy m. lit. ''a 

twelve-tiner ;" a stag with horns of twelve branches 
{Cenm* elaphus). h, 

^Cj\j> bare, once, one time ; it is used by some 
authors in the sense of at last, at length, lastly, p. 

|C.b bdri, m. a name of the Deity, the 

Creator, hart Ufald, the most high God. a. 

^b Wid bam, f. a garden, an orchard, a house ; 

a window ; an ornament worn in the ear and nose ; 
a yonng girl not exceeding sixteen, a. 

|Cjb vnd ^ari, m. the name of a caste of 

Hmd&a whose business it is to sell torches and leaves 
whiidi are used as platters : the same caste occasionally 
act as barbers. A. 


(^b bdriy tour, turn, bdruddvy an attendant 

who waits in turn with others, lari ki tap, an inter- 
mittent fever, p. 

S^b ,b bdr-ydby admitted at court or into com- 
pany ; one who has the entree, p. 

^bjb bdrydhxy f. admittance at court or into 

•e A ^^ 

company ; having the entr^. p, 

^^JJ^b bdridany to rain, to shower, p. 
Uib^b bdrxh^ fine, slender, minute, subtile. 

barih'lnn, intelligent, penetrating, quidc of apprehen- 
sion, hdrtk-miyan, slender-waistcd. p» 

>X> bdrVii^ f. subtilty ; minuteness, p. 
jb ^[TT: bafy f. edge ; name of a place near 

Munglr; a fence, a hedge ; a line (of soldiers) ; a mar- 
gin, bajr-pakrdnd, to urge on. to instruct bdrjhapid 
and bar ufand, a. to fire a volley, bdr-bandhna, a. to 
inclose a field with thorns. Imf-rakhna, -chlma, or 
-chirwafM, a. to sliarpen bdr-dend, or -dilwdnd, a. to 
sharpen, to grind, excite, to instigate. A. 

2jb WT^ bdrdym. an inclosure ; alms', charity. A. 

jji^ ^^T^ bdravy 1 m. submarine 

^Jiljjb irrwnf^ bdravdnal,} fire. s. 

Jbjb 11X7 bdrh, f. a flood; promotion, in- 
crease. A. 

Ul^'b W17^ bdrknd, 1 n. to increase, go on, 

^^Aibyb VIV<ft bdrhnauy) advance, rise, swell ; 

to be promoted, to amount, lengthen, h, 

Jftj'b ^ITT^ &af At, f. usurious profit or inte- 

**rest taken on grain ; interest in kind paid upon seed 
gram. A. 

4^'b wrft bdfiy a kitchen-garden j a house 

with the garden, orchard, &c., attached to it; also 
cotton (see ban), f. [knives, &c). A. 

bjV 'nft^ bdriyd, m. a whetter (of swords, 
jb bdzy m. a female falcon, a hawk, bdz-ddr, 

m, a falconer, baz^dri, f. the charge of hawks, keep- 
ing falcons, a. 

jb bdZy adv. again, once more, bdz-dndy n. to 

decline, to leave off; to refuse, to reject, to desist. 
bdz rakhnot a. to hold back, to preveut, to forbid, baz- 
rahndt n. to decline, to rqect, to leave off; to refuse ; 
(in comp.) it denotes a player; as, Mhapranf-bdz, a 
chess-player ; ^u^ka^bdz, a juggler, p. 

j\\\} bdedvy m. a market : according to Glad- 
win it denotes a constant and established market, in 
contradistinction to hdf, an occasional one. p, 

g^\jb bdzdrty belonging to a market ; market 

people, common people, bdzdri bat, low or vulgar 
language; patois; Billingsgate, p, 

(j**^b bdZ'purs, \ m. reiterated inquiry ; 

d^^j\}bdZ'ihwdstyj minute investiga- 
tion, p, 
^^^juojb hdz'pasiny last, hindmost, p. 

^^l^jb bdzarffdn (for bdzdrgdn), m. a mer- 

cliant. a dealer in the market p. 

JV ( 

(^v;jl> bazargant, f. merchandisei traffic, 

trade oommerco. p. 
^i^b baZ'kardanf to throw open (a door), p. 

d* w i > )b bdz-^asht or haz^ashtay returned, 

retreated, p. 

UTJ^ ^oj^-^n, preposterous, npside down. j9. 
jjOjb haz'ffirf a falconer; a chronologist, or 

hietorian; (for hdj^gir), a collector of reyenue. p. 

8 Jjjb bazanda, playing, a pla jer ; a kind of 

pigeon (vide M^ad-qfroz). p, 

^jO bazu, m. the arm (plur. bazUfan) ; the 

fold of a door ; the side of a bedstead ; a friend, a com- 
panion ; one who repeats the chorus of the marpffa ; 
an aooompanier in a song, bazu dend, a. to assist, to 
help, to support, p, 

iXb^b bazu-band, m. an ornament worn on 

the arm, a bracelet or an armlet, p. 
{^j\f bazif f. play, sport ; a game, a stake at 

P|a7' Jwzi khana, to lose, to be cast ; to be cheated. 
oaztpSna, to be victorious, prosperous. bazUlagStia, 
to wager, bazi leyandt to win, to exceL p. 

*^^^J^ ^oz-yaft^ resumption of any thing, 

the act of resuming alienated lands or property of any 
kind. p. [a toy, playthmg. p, 

wgjb bdzicha, f. fun, play, sport ; wagering; 

i:)^^ bdzidan, to sport, to play ; to gamble.;?. 

*«4^j^ bazx-gahy f. a place for exhibiting 
feats of activity ; a theatre, p. 

jWjb bdztgar, m. a tumbler, one who exhi- 
bits feats of activity, p. 

l5)jAj^ baztgaraUy^f. a tumbling- woman, 
J^^jb baztgamty J an actress, p. 

k^jH,j^ bdzigarly f. the art of juggling, 
tumbling, &c. p. [^banyd, a perfumer, t. 

(jii»b YTH basy f. smell, scent, odour, bas- 
(^b mm bdxy ^m. abode, residence, lodg- 
Utfb mwibasoyi ing,temporary residence. <. 
^Lk^b ba-asaniy with facility, easily, p, 
^^ll**»b ba8tan(m Persian), ancient, past: in 

the south of India it is used corruptly fur btfd ax an, I 
after, afterwards, p. d, 

^^JUtfb WTff 2>a«^t/,8ite or foundation of a house.^. 

<i ^i? <*»b ifi^d bdsathy sixty -two. h. 

y>,S*ii\j ^TTOt^ bdsudev (properly vdsudeva), 

name of Krishna, the son of Yasudeva. t. 
j**»l> HWi, bdsar (for vasar)y m. a day. s. 

%^j*^\^ bdsri or basurty f. (v. bansrt)y a flute, 
pipe, &c. #. 

^jM»b bdsik, tall, lofty (palm-tree), a. 

90 ) ^b 

*^^W ^f bamk, 1m. the name of the 

{J^^ ^njlft bdsuhiyi serpent which snp- 

**porti the universe, and which was need as a string to 
whirl the mountain M|mdar in churning the ocean for 
theamrt/,ftc. t. l{Fena basUiea). g, 

^J^Lib basaUky f. the great vein in the arm 

Jf**-V WnWlft bdsmatt, f. a fragrant kind of 
"rice, also of mUlet *, [plate, dish. fee. k, 

(j^^ WT basaUy m. a basin, goblet, pot, 

^i^^ ^iPSHl basna or vdsand, f. desire, incli- 
nation. 9. 

\^\{ WWRT basna or WI^RT vasana, a. to 

scent, to perfume, t. 

jV^V ^TWft 65^1, Stale, fusty, perfumed. basl-lLy 

*to make stale ; to vomit K 
^^b mrA bw or vasiy an inhabitant; (used 

""in comp.), as ban-best^ or ooNa-tfOM, inhabitant of the 
vroods. f. [oAlr*. k. 

^U**»b ttlf^illff basiyan, name of a tribe of 

(^b 6a«^, stay, stop, be patient; (in comp.) 

it denotes being, staying, as thab-^foth, tUiymf; for a 
night, p. 

li»b basha, m. a kind of falcon, a hawk. p. 

OMktfb bashad, it may be, perhaps, p, 

biwb irmfVTm baskgiyoy crops being 
choked and destroyed by weeds, h, 

Si\lS»b bdskandayVin inhabitant, a dweller, p. 

*««»b baska, m. a hawk (same as basha). p, 

^^;JLM*b 5a«/iin, a female falcon, p. 

Bj^b basirGy sight, the sense of seeing, a. 

Jl»b 6ati7, false, vain ; absurd, fatile, igno- 
rant; abolished, a. 

^^b bdtUiy f. vanity, folly, absurdity, a. 
^^db 2»atYn, m. the inward part, the heart; 

adj. internal, hidden, o(mcealed. a, 

^^b batiniy intrinsic, internal, a. 

ui*Pb ba*i$y cause, account, occasion, induce- 
ment ; author, producer ; prep, by means or by rea- 
son of. a. 

cy bagh, m. a garden, orchard, grove, da^t 

iobz dikkana or -dikhlana, to excite desire and ez- 
oecUtion by deceitful promises. 6ag&-^g&-/4oiia, or 
hofdna, n. to be delighted, Xo rejoice greatly, p. 

Oltb 6a^a^,pl.gardens,groves,orchards. p, 

Jilpb ba^yatxy fit for garden cultivation ; 
" f. fruit raised in a garden ; tax levied on gardens. A. 

^^bi-b bagkrbany m. a gardener, p. 

j^Upb bagbrbaniy f. gardening, jp. 

»^b bag^hay m. a small garden, orchard, 

^ /»• [tumour, a wen. p. 

B^tb baghiray m. an indolent swelling or 

(^LlPb ba^%haxy f. a walk in a garden, d. 



gy ( 91 ) 

%i^K> bS^kdrif f. garden cultivation, bu- 

nms of a gardener, p. 

^f^b ba(^wala,\m, a gardeoer, the owner 
^^^ ba^jfyvanf j of a garden, p* h, 
I^Pb ha^jiJidf pi. gardens, orchards, p. 
(pb 65y^ty a mutineer, traitor, rebel, a, 

9^\> ba^chay a little garden (^ha). p. 
u-ib baff (in comp.) weaving or woven, ki- 

mari-ia/, a weayer of lace, zart-bqft a gold-laoe weaver ; 
aldnd of cloth interwoven with gold p. 


bl^ib b^, web, weaving, tissue, texture, p. 
•lib bqftaf woven ; m. a kind of cloth ; a 

eoloar m fngeooa; bnttona woven like mohair; (in 
comp.) it denotes woven, wronght, aa sar-&4/'fa, wrought 
in gold, embroidered, p, 

)a\J\f ba-ifraff in abundance, copiously, p. a. 

SJjib be^anda or bqfinda, a weaver, p. 

Jb ftoAtr, abounding in wealth and know- 
ledge, one who it deeply learned, a. 

^^l^jSb bdhir-khdnif f. a kind of bread or 
** cake mixed with butter and milk. Br. Gilchrist siig- 
geata, in his Vocabulary, that this kind of cake took 
hs name from some nobleman called Bakir-khfln^ as 
oar word sandwich is said to be so named after Lord 
Sandwich, a. 

5l5b bdhild, 1 , ^. • 

,.,* )- m. a bean, a pea, a potherb, a. 

aJi5b bdkilafj 

^b bdhif remnant, remainder, balance, ar- 

"rears; adj. permanent, durable, eternal. bakJ-dSr, 
owing a balance ; a revenue defaulter, bal^l-rahnd, n. 
to remain, to be left, to be saved, a. [rears, a. 

ObSb bakiydty remainders, balances, ar- 
i^b bdkj m. fear, apprehension, p. 

(iJb WTV bdk or vaky m. language, dialect, 
wpt^Ak : in the language of revenue officers it is used 
to denote a verbal estimate of the produce without 
measuring the field. «. 

li'b bakiray an unblemished virgin, a. 

ijj^ irnrt bdkrt, f. a cow advanced about 
"Sre months in pr^inancj (also a small buffalo), h, 

S\j ^TVH hdkas, m. a bush of which charcoal 
^is made for the mannfiEU^re of gunpowder (Justieia 
adhaioda), ». \hakila). h. 

2lUb "Wn^ boMd, m. a bean, a potherb (v. 

<>j^b YTV^ bdhandy a portion of the crop, 
abcMit two-fifths, paid as rent by the cultivators to the 
xamlndars. A. 

^jb irrea bdhhar, 1m. name of a drug 
Mp^ ^fW?y hakhalj used as a ferment ; a 

house, an inckwure j seveial honses contained within 
one inclosure; an area or court-yard. h. 

Aji^b W1^ bdkya (for vdhya)y m. (in gram.) a 

■entenoe ; apeech, a word. s. 

viA> ^If bdgj f- a rein, a bridle, bag-mornd, 
to turn the reins: it is applied to the dryine up of the 
small-pox : when the pustules begin to blacken and 
drr uiTthey say »l«fi or mat& ne bSa tj^. bag haih 
M dtiSfaS, &e power of choice to be lost to any one. A. 

vlA> bag (Dakh. for #^1^), a tiger, bag ha 

paffhat a tiger's cub. [dress, h. 

lA^ ^PIT bdgdy m. a vestment; honorary 
jjj^ ^rprfh. bdgdoTy f. a long rein with 

which horses are led. h. 

j^. iimt bagar^m, a hedge of thorns or twigs; 

name of a tract of country belong^g to the raj-p&t§, h, 

i^j^ Wnrt^ bdgriy a native of Bagar. A. 
jpb THW bdgam, m. any cultivated spot. A. 
•^^ji^b bdgnakh, the claws of a tiger set in 

silver and worn round the neck by a string as a charm 
against sundry evils. A kind of weapon made of sted, 
resemblinff huge claws, and fitting upon the hands. 
With this instrument the celebrated Sevaiee, the Mah- 
rattachid*, is said to have murdered the Muhammadan 
governor of Bijapur, while embracing him under pre- 
tence of friendship. (Binning), d. 

bdgkf ^m. a tiger, bagk-bakrly f, 

\^ ^rrtT bdghdj tiger and goat, a kind of 
children's play, akin to our " fox and geese". #. 

jA:^(b ^irt^t bdghambar, m. a tiger's skin. $. 

^^b ^T^^ baghanA 

^-^ ^ , f f. a tigress, s. 

j^\^ iTT^trt bdgknty) 

-^^b irnrt bdghJ, f. a bubo. A. 
*^b ^fft bagi, a horseman, a rider. $. 


Jb WT^ bdJy f. a girl not arrived at the age 

of maturity ; m. a child under five years old ; a^j. in- 
fantine, childish ; ignorant, uninstructed. «. 

Jb Wt^ bolt m. hair; a child, bdl btkd na 

hofi (let not the hair be bent or disordered), a mode 
of inculcating extraordinaiy care, bdl-bal, hair by 
hair, every hair, bal bdndhi kaufi manias to shoot at, 
not to miss ; to act with great care, not to mistake. *, 

Jb bdl, m. a wing, bdlrddr^ winged, p. 

Jb WT55 bdl^ f. an ear of corn ; a crack in a cnp 
or glass ; m. the thread on which sugar is crysUllized. 
bdl-dar, a cracked vessel (of china, glass, &c). h, 

Jb lira bdluy m. a drug commonly called 

elS-baluk s. 

Jb bdl, m. heart ; power, a. 

^b 65/5, above, up ; m. top. bdld-baidnd, or 

-dena, a. to baulk, to drcumvent, to dupe ; to ^ut off, 
to disappoint, to prevaricate, bdla-bald, deoeitfuUy, 
fraudulently; secretly, bdla-dasi, superior, p. 

^b Wl^ bald, m. a kind of grub which eats 

the young plants of wheat or barley when about six 
inches high, h, 

^b WT^ 65/5, f a girl not arrived at the 

acre of maturitv ; a medicinal and fragrant plant, of the 
rooU of which'^l/i* are made {Andropagon muricatut^, 
commonly called by Europeans "cus-cuss"; m. an 
earrinir; a male child, a boy, hala chand, the new 
moon. «. [that laps over the thigh. />. 

j>ih, baldbar, m. part of the angarhhd (q.v.) 
jjj^ bdld'band, m. part of the native dress, 

a kind of turban ; a coat of a particular kind. p. 


( 92 ) 


^j4^^^. W1(jSIH\9I bdla-bholaf adj. innocent, 

artless, as a child ; m. an artless child. «. A. 

{^^^ ^l^rnnr bdld-pan, m. cbildhoodi in- 
fancy ; also boyhood, t, 

(jM^^b bala-posk, m. a coyerlet, quilt, p, 
c-.a3^\j m^iflM balatap, m. the rays of the 

rising sun. t. 

jlij^b bi-liitifak, lit. by agreement, by 

chance, a. [(an estate, &c.). A. 

JU>-^b bi'Uijmalf in tbe whole, in the lamp 

tXSW^b ^l<$l^l^ bala-chand, the new moon. s. 

A^l^-^b bald-hhanaf -m. an upper room, an 
upper story, a balcony, p. 

CU»*>(>^b bdld-dasty superior, high-handed, p. 
^xty^\> bdld-gashii, an inspector of police, p. 

«o^b balan, hairs of the head, the hair col- 
lectively. balSn bharS, full of hair, bristly, d, 

^«;jLl3^b bdld-nishtn, seated aloft, superior. J9. 

C^^Ja^b bald past, above and below, t.^. 
the heavens above and the earth beneath, p, 

(^^b bdldjt, s. a horse led for show; any 

extra tax ; adj. external, superficial, p. 

{Jj^iJ^^ bdld,i maze (pi.), m. superficial or 

hollow pleasures, p. 

C^ibj^'^b bdld,i-ydft, f. perquisites, p. 
,<*: JW bdl-bachcke, pi. children. «. p. 
^^\jjJb bi'l-batidn, with the tips of the fingers; 

"monstrari digitU," a, 

lif^ Jb in<8Wtn bdl-bhog, m. an offering 

to Krishna, presented early in the morning, t. 
J Jb bdl'paVf m. adoption of better habits ; 

bdl par nikalna, to turn over a new leaf; to flourish or 
prosper; to betray one's evil disposition, to begin 
wicked pranks, to show the cloven hoof. p. 

^;Jb bdl-panfXn, (t. 5aZa/7an),childhood,&c« s, 
^j«oj3b bi't'fap-th, distinctly, explicitly, a. 

Jy J V Wl<8nift? bdl-tofy m. a pimple, a sore. h. 
«A^ • bi-l-jumla, in short, to conclude, a. 
Jf^Jb ^<^fl^l bdl'Chkar, f. the name of 

a medicine or perfume, h. [happily, a, 

OfltV bi'lrhhairj in a good manner, well, 

0\(S3b bi-z-zdt or buz-zdti, naturally, ori- 
ginally, bi-zatihit in its nature or essence, a. 

•»lpb ^T^TW bdlrdjj 1 

-^ ' u a^-,- >-m. lapis 

lazuli, s. 

4iJK Jb t^lcjiif bdl-rdndy f. a very young 

widow, or one who lost her husband when she was 
very young. «. 

^j«3b bdlishf m. a pillow, a cushion, p* 

CAnl i b bdlisht, f. a span ; a pillow, p, 
CJj^j^\j buz-zarurat (also bi-Z'zarura), 

necessarily; perforce, a. 

(j-^b birValuy the reyerse. us he M-raks^ 

the contraiy to that, a, 

^b bdligb^y m. a youth just arrived at the age 

of maturity ; acy. of age ; fenL hali^kf^ marriageable, a. 

(jii^b bi'l'farzy granted that, on the sop- 
position or condition that. a. 

J^fllb ti'l'jTl, in fact, actually; now, for tbe 

present moment ; in short ; in the mean time. e. 
«3y>aft5b bi-l-hasdy on purpose, a, 
O^b bi'l'kumat, by tbe strength, or 

power of. a. [name of a dnag (v. fra/at). j. 

^^\> Wfl^M bdlaky m. a young child. haUtky 

^b ^T^nVT bdlkd or bdlakdy m. a yeung fol- 
lower or disciple of a jfl|^ or ionyaiu s. 

^Ob YI^WI bdlukd, f sand, gravel. *. 
jf?\yb Hl^fklHi balukdgarj m. a sort offish. *. 
^^Wb YT^^npnir&a/ttAa77t<zy,sandy,gravelIy.<. 
(i;-^b ^m^VTT bdlakpan, 1 m. childhood, 
liAflb mcJ&^Mtil bdlakpandf V boyhood ; in- 

S^liJb WT^nnw bcUakatwa, J fancy, child- 
ishness. *. together. & 
JiJb 5i-/.Att/Z (or bi-l'kuinya), totally, al- 

w^b ^l^^^lil bdlahtyay childbb, infantine. «. 

J^^JV m^'h^l^ baJUgopdly offspring. *. 

«Ub 5t-/^A (or bi'Udhi), by God. bi-Uahi' 
ra^m, by the High God ! a. 

Jb ^t^ bdlam, m. a lover, or beloved per- 
son ; a husband ; a kind of doth, balam khtra, m. a 
sort of cucumber, in season in the rains (a variety of 
Cucumis satknu). A. [>on). a. 

AnlaSJb bi'l-muhta'a, a kind of tenure. (▼. Wil- 
^b 'i||<^fii bdlnd, a. to light, to kindle (t. 

bdma), h. 

«^V ^n^^ bdland, name of a tribe inha- 
biting the southern parts of MirzapStr. h, 

^Xi5b bdlanguy a species of citron, p, 

;^b ^rrf^vft bdlint, f. the constellation ojt- 

** wini, $, 

^b ifT^ bdlUf f. sand, gravel. «. 

J^jSb bdlu-burd, land covered with a depo- 
sit of sand after an inundation ; also, a remisaioa of 
revenue on that account, s, p. 

CiO^yb l|l<jf)q«nff bdlopavit, m. a child^s 

sacrificial thread; a doth covering the privities (of 
children). «. 

(/^^^ VjJ'^O bdluchai^, a kind of silk 
cloth manufactured in Bal&char, near Murshidabad. A. 

J^ ( 

\ij)b bi-l-wafdy in truth, in reality, a. 
diJjib WT^V halukf m, a sort of poison, s. 
jj^ WI3A baUy f. a female-child; ear-ring 

"won in the ear, passing throngli the centre of it t it 
also signifies an ear of com. «. 

^b ^T^ ^n, m. name of a monkey, the 

"son of Indra. Idlled by B&na. «. 

^iXJb hoRdagiy f. vegetation, p. 

\j>^Bi3jJb balida hond, il to vegetate. J9. A. 

{^j!J^ Wf^fi^ hdUshy m. pain in making wa- 
ter, from gniTelt &c. $, 

^^jjSu^ bi-l-yakin^ assuredly, certainly, a. 
^«^b 5a/tn, f. a pillow, a cushion, p. 

«j)b wr9T ^>olyay m. childhood, infancy. «. 
«A^b ^n$^ hdleya^ 1 m. name 

C!]U»auuJb i | l^4<^nn hdleyashakj of a plant 

Sifihommitkiu ludica), t. 

A> ^li| ham, f. an eel {Ophidium simach, 

Back,) I m. the left (side); an enemy. #. 

^b bam, m. an upper story, a terrace ; the 

morning dawn. p. 

Jj bdm, m. a fathom, a measure of six feet, 

or three and a half cnbits. d, 

vlJ^^^b ^TTVT ham^ang, m. the leA side. s. 

S^ I * a. , - » I '- r f- * snake's hole. b. 

i^^b wn^Ri bambhnt^) 

C^^Jo bdmdad or bamdaddn, f. morning, 

dawn, Aurora; adv. in the morning, p. 

^b ^Tinf bdrnan (for ramana), a dwarf, 
one of the incarnations of Vishnu. «. 

..ytb bdman, \ ^ ._ , 

*<.:,, , >m. a Brahman, a. 
«^A«ab oamanh,) 

fj^^^ ^rnnf?^ ^aimifi-Aaffi, f. name of a 

plant (<^'ei2a fwnieelfa/o, iZfttfr.). A. 
^^^b wn^ hdmkan, m. a Brahman. «. 

^^b V1f«ft ^amAni, f. a stye on the eye- 
lids ; a species of lizard. K 

(4^b ill^ffi hamknx f. (for 5aAma7zi), the 
wife of a Brfthman ; name of a medicinal herb. t. 

hdnj f. temper, quality, manners; 

m. a rocket used in battle; the boar or swell of the 
tide ; a kind of rope made of rndnj. h. 

(oV ^TfH ^^'^ ^^ ^^"' ™' ^^ arrow ; the name 
ofanasar.sooofBlJ&BalL i. 

^b ban, m. name of a tree (^Ghiilandina 

i»ga), whoae seeds are called labb-ul-bSH, bennut. 

88 ) 



^^b bdriy keeper or guardian ; (used in comp.) 

as dar-han, a door-keeper, &agft-&gn. a gardener, p. 

bb WTHT bandy m. habit, profession ; a kind 

of weal 



yelL hana handhnd^ to' be ready, to be determined. 
In the DakhanI dialect it denotes the basin or metal 
bucket of a pacotta, or lever for raising water. A. 

^^ WRT band, a. to open or spread out. h. 
Obb VIHM bdndU f. broad-cloth. A. 
(3bb WIHIil^ bdndii, woollen, made of 

** broad-doth, h, 

^bb bdndn (v. bdydn), the lefl hand or side. «• 

c«^V> ^fw bdmb, m. (also bdmb-andhUfO), an 

eel, snake (see bam), h. 

^c:)^ u>^ Wt^tiS ban bdn-k., to prate idly, 

to tottle foolishly, h. 

cy4f^b wb^ bdmbha,t, >f. a snake^s hole. h. 
/^^^Atf^^b ^Mlim bdna-prasth, m. the state 

of an anchorite or hermit (see Mrom). s. 

ciLob wt? ftant, m. share, distribulion ; a 

weight (j. e. the standard by which things are 
weighed) ; food g^ven to a cow while milking her. «. 

^b iftTT bdntd, m. portion, share. «. 
JLJj^'dLob WIT^f? bdnf-chont, share, distri- 

budon. «. 

ba>b ^hniT ^anfyta, 1 a.to8hare, todistribute, 

U^b ^t^pnbdntknd,} to divide* participate, 
dispose ot. Also &aa<4e/ia, the same. s. 

js^b YlflT bdhjavy (land) lying waste or 

fallow. A. 

i^f^ Whm 6an;A (Dakh. &on;), barren (ap- 
plicable to females, also to land or soil. $, 
^i^ili^ ^nf^Hnm bdnijya, m. trade, commerce, 

merchandlBe. «. 

Uj^ 'YT^RT bdnchnd, a. to read ; m. Dakh. 
hoAchna (for bMknS) ; n. to escape, to be saved, t. 

l^^fb WtiET bdnchkd, f. wish, desire. «. 
(JlA^^bwiftni2iancA/a7, desired, longed for. «. 
ItPb WTR[T bdnddy the name of a place in 

Bandel-khand. A. 

\s>\> ^^Jf^bdndd (for6awifa),m. kind of plant 
wliich grows on trees (ipidendrumt particnlarly tettel- 
latum, Roxb,). s. 

j\(ii2)\i ^flH^ bdiirddr, a rocket^thrower. h.p, 
J j3b WT^ bandar, T m. (for bandar), an 

a,) ape. 

\;Oib W5n bdndrdj 

a monkey, s. 

scented, called by the Persians bed-ma»hk. p, 

jii«3ib Wf^Tj^^ bdndamiAf* a female ape or 
i/.jib YPCd bdndji, J monkey. <• 


( W ) 


Uj3b bandnd (for ^an^IAna), a. to tie, to. 

•top, &C. f . [flnemeat, impriaonment. «. 

^«33b iriif bdndh, m. an embankment ; oon- 
^yilftjjb irhl93rTtlft2^aju2^o<iynameofa 

"tribe inhabiting part of Bandel-khand. A. 

Uiboib ^hRT bdndhnd, a. to tie ; to shut ; to 

■top water, to embank; to bind, to faaten; to inrent, 
to contrive, to atop, to pack, to aim, to build, to put, 
to settle «. 

yjbjjb "^^H^bandhnuy m. a mode of dyeing, 

in which the cloth is tied in <Ufferent places to pre- 
vent the parts tied from receiviuff the dve ; slander, 
plot, plan ; a kind of silk doth ; a idnd of parrot h. 

^dj\> WhiW hdndhavy m. a relative, a kins- 
man, a friend, t, 

4^j3b irt^ bdndi, f. a female slave, bandi 

ka befa, obedient, submissive. In the DakhanI dia^ 
lect, bandi-hartan, ** slave girls and utensils," the im- 
pediments, appropriately so called, of an army on 
march ; the families, baggage, &c of tiie Sipfthis. A. 

\yyj wi¥T bdndd, m. a bird witboat tail ; 
a seTX>ent which has lost its tail ; a^j. tail-less, docked, s. 

«^3jb Wt^ bdndiy f. a cudgel; a kind of 

dress; misfortune, calamity, h, 

jib ^Hi bdnar (for vdnar), m. a moukej. «. 
(jM^b Yin bdns, m. a bamboo ; a measure of 

about ten feet, used to measure tanks, ditches, or 
excavations in general (a cube of one Mii« is calJed a 
ehaukd), haiU par cAafAna, n. to be branded with 
infamy, s. 

LJb whrr bdmd, m. the bridge of tbe nose ; 

the channel throQffh which the seeds descend in a 
drilling-machine. A. 

J^^j«3b inmjt^ bdns-phor, m. the name of 

a caste who work or deal in bamboos, f . 

f. a flute, fife, pipe; 
a kind oi noxious 

_ "N 

weed in arable land ; 
a purse; adj. made 

Lifj*^^ Ynrtt bdnsrt, 
4^j**Jb Wi^ bdnsuri 
J-*^b '^bs^ bdnsU, 
^j^b wWt bdim, 

**of bamboo. «. 

<^I3b YTV bdnkf f. an ornament (half-circle) 

worn on the arms ; a kind of dagger having a curved 
blade ; an exercise with the dagger ; a settee, h. 

dUb whv bdnh, m, a crook, curvature, bend- 
ing; a reach or turning of a river; &alt, oi&noe, 
wickedness, t. 

K>b wtW bdnkdf m. a fop, a beau, a coxcomb; 

a buck, a bravo^ a buUy ; a bent trumpet or bugle ; f. 
name of a river ; a<y • crooked, foppish. A. 

j»K3b wi^'l^^ bdnkd'ChuVf m. a fop» cox- 
comb, &c h. 
\Jj(^l>b wiWJT bdnk'pattdf m. a kind of 

fencing with (wooden) dagger and cutlass. A. 

<«^(jJ3b YhirY«T bdnk'paru m. foppishness ; 

debaudiery ; disorderly conduct A. 

il^b bdng^ f. sound, voice, cry ; the voice 

of the Mtf,aga(tn calling MuJ^tsmmadcau to prayer; the 
crowing of a code, bang-^namat a. to cry out, to eaU. 
hang-dena (or in Pers. -oardashtan, or -dadanS, a. to call 
MuHammadmu to prayer, hangi tuh\t the call to moni- 
ing prayer, hangi namax, the caU to prayera in ge- 
neral, p, 

VGb wtnr bdngdf m. raw cotton (v. bdnga), A. 

j^b wifT bdngar, m. high ground or up- 
lands. A. 

luob bdngoj m. a species of cotton produced 

exclusively in the Dacca district, and indispensably aa- 
cessary, though not otherwise of superior quality, to 
ibrm the steipes of some of tiie finest kinds of moar 
lin. p. 

(^b WTipft bdngt, f. a pattern, muster, k, 

yb bdnu, f. a ladj, a woman of rank. p. 

lyb WT^^ bdnuydf m. the name of a water- 
bird. A. 

^\^b wHt bdnwdnf the left hand or side. «. 

U»yb ^T^nn bdnusd, m.\ , . , ^ , . . 
-^ . . ^ ,. , . ^ f a kind of cloth. *• 
j^yU WT«^ banusif f.) 

(^y b wnT% bdnaivwe or bdfuiwe, ninety-two. h, 

,4^b ^\^ bank, f. the arm from the shoulder 

to the elbow; guarantee, protector, or security (aa 
when a person trusts himself in the power of aa ene- 
my, a third person being hU boAh, who engages to 
return him to his house or fort in security), banh- 
ballt strong in the arm. AailA pakarna or gahnS, a. to 
protect 6aiiA dena, a. to assist (see bdzu aetia). bamk 
t&fnot to be destitute of friends or protectors. «. 

dj\j bdna (for bdnd\ m. dress, uniform, &c. s. 
^bk^b wtf^nrt bdnkiydn^ m. a patron. «. 
^b bdrUf a builder, an architect, a composer, 

** author, founder, a. 

(3^ ^"fl bdnXf f. the price paid for a work; 

"* a fabric or manufacture ; ashes ; the name of a yelloir 
earth with which potters sometimes ornament thrir 
I vessels ; the thread with which doth is woven ; a weight 
equal to 80 rupees. A. 

(jb ^T«ft bdnty f. speech, language; name 

** of the goddess of eloquence, Saratwaiu i. 

Lij^ti^ VM1^«A bdnVxmif f. the price of 

** weaving A. 

j\>(3b bdm-kdr^ an architect ; a composer, an 

author, beginner ; an instigator, p. 

v^o^b bdnx'luLriy f. architecture ; compo- 
sition ; commencing a business ; instigation, p. 

jb ^rra^ bd^o, f. wind, bd^o samd, n. to be 

discharged backwards (wind), ba^o Aaai/ba,to prevail 
over an adversary by flattery or invective without ar- 
gument Aa,o-AAaai, to live in pleasure and ei^oyment ; 
to court one's inspirations; to protract a miserable 
existence. «. 

jb wnft bd,o or ^TR bdo, f. the pox, a bubo. A. 
\^b ^TT^ bdwd (v. bdbd), father, bdmd-jdnf 

dear father. dL 

I^j^i Wnt bawan^ the left band or side. «. 

^Uj^b WnAwvnr hayO-batas, f. calamity, 

■bfortane, paiticolarlj such as is believed to result 
from the evil influence of a demon (see a«<6). h. 

J^Si^Tj^jV ^^f^ bhari-hhalf of no intrinsic 

value ; lit a skin full of wind. d. 

(^Ji^jb YTWhr^ bdj(hbhak, la prattler, tri- 

i^li^jb WniVlCiV baythj ha k, J BingiaXker. k. 

^yi 'WmMl bayOtaj\ m. a flag or banner ; a 

^^ Wni7T bd,otd,j sail ; a sort of armlet 
vora by women. «. 

(>^jb &a-nm;ii<f, notwithstanding, bd-wu- 

fidi Snki, notwithstanding that. p. 

jl^b bdfcary m. belief, faith, confidence, truth, 

credit ; a^. tme, credible, hdwar-lct to credit. 6a- 
fpor-JL, to be credible, p, 

j^b wnr^ bdrvar, m. a kind of sweetmeats. A. 
Vjb wnin bdyOrd or ^a^i^ara, mad, crazy. ». 
jA»^b bdwarchiuj ^f. a cook maid or female 
f^jb 6aivarc^tm,J cook. t. A. 
^>-j«b frafvarc/ii, m. a cook, bdwarchi* 

"lima, m. a kitchen, cook-house. " This word seems to 
be one of thoae old Persian or Turkish terms, of which 
Kversl are now^ preserved in the Hindustani, which 
ate jM longer used by or known to the Turks and 
Perrians.^The term implies " confidential person," as 
a cook nnquestionablv should be, particularly in the 
Esst, whei« life is so frequently attempted by poison." 
(Binning). L [art. t,p, 

jcXi>...b bdfvarchtgari, f. the culinary 
Lfijb WTsftct 65,0^1, name of a tribe of va- 

grsnls to the w«st of DelhL h, 
H^jjb Vm!t 6a,m, 1 ^ d. 



i^jb WrrftfT bd 

Jytf^b Wn^9 IdyO-sul, m. the cholic 
m0j b hd'wasf, yet, notwithstanding, p. a. 
^jb bdrwafdf faithful, trusty, p, a. 

^l/jb mm^ bdwag, m. seed-time (same as 

fta.oai). h, [tulency. s. 

)l^jb ^icfjh^l bdyO-gold, m. the cholic ; fla- 
%^ WI^^T ba,old or bdwald, mad, crazy, s. 
^J^\i ^nft^ bd,ottj f. a large well into which 

"people descend to get water; the drag (thing or ani- 
osl) with which hawks, dogs. &&, are taught to hunt ; 
a tnck. ba^ dend, a. to initiate. A. 

^jb W!^^«n bdyolendf m. the name of a 

dc&et in horses. A. 

^b ^nR bdman (for vdmand), dwarfish, 
diminutive ; m. the fifth incarnation of Vishnu, i. 

(;,jb 11^11 tawan, fifty-two. A. ihawa»\ t. 
^jV. ^1^^ bdfOnd or bdrvandy dwarfish (see 
(ijb ^nhiA bdfOnif f. seed-time, sowing, h. 

( 85 ) ^b 

'b in^ bdku or ^T^ bah, f. an arm. s* 
sb bah, f. virility, manhood ; coitus, p, 
bbb ifF^ bdhd, a water-course, channel, h. 
bSi^^jJ^b W1J*J[MI bdhU'bhushdf ^ an armlei| 

an ornament worn round the upper arm. s. 

J^\j Wl^ bdhuj, m. sesamum growing wild 

or spontaneously, s, 

IjJbb ^17^ bdhvdd, f. the name of a river 

said to rise in the Himalaya mountains : probably the 
modem Behut, the classical Hydaspas. s, 

jibb m^i bdhar or ^if^ bdhir, without, 

foreign. $. 

^b bdhir, superior, excellent; open, public, a. 
U^b ^^^ bdhard or bdhara, the man who 

stands at the well to upset the water from tlie leathern 
bucket or charat, q. v. h, 

\>^b bdhir^kd, from without, strange, bdhir' 

kd tS^ib dydy jctabar dijo; " a strange gentleman is 
arrived, give notice;" an exclamation used by the 
darw&ns or gatekeepers in Calcutta on the arrival of 
a stranger, to g^ve notice to the family witliin. In my 
time the above sentence was pronounced (by the non- 
reading gentry). ** Barker sawb aya, cover the Jew !" t, 

B^b VTf^(?t^ bdhirah, m. the left side (io 

sword exercise, &c). s. 

(^jJfcb m^Ci bdhari, a foreigner, a stranger ; 

outward, s, 

bJjbb WTT^ bdhulyd, m. 1 plenty, abnn- 

buJjbb W1S'<smil bahulyatd, f. j dance, quan- 
tity, s. [one with another, p, 

Jift\> &aAam,together,mutually. bd-ham-cTtgar, 
^^i^b WUr«f bahmaUj a Brahman. «. 
^v^i»»b YTV«ff|ft hdhman-hatti, f. name of 

a plant (Ovieda verticeUata) 


i^^b wnnft bdhmant, wife of a Brahman ; 

^a Br&hmaness; adj. of or relating to a Br&hman. 
bdhnumi hada^ the chdinod or Brahmany duck. 
hdkmanx chiU the Brahmany kite, v. garuf* s. 

l.u;^b ^TV^TT bdhmanetd, son of a Brah- 
man ; a young Brihroan. s. 

J^^b WTJ^^ bdhU'inU, m. the armpit. <• 

^b ^vnrif bdhan, m. a carriage. «. 

_^b 'WVpi bdhan, m. fallow land (root of 

bdhna), h. 

bi^b in^^n bdhndy a. to plough, to till ; to 
shoot or dischaige a weapon ; to comb the hair. A. 

>iX>^8b Wlf^ bdhu'i/uddh, m. close fight^ 

personal struggle ; boxing, wrestling. «. 

fj\ YT^ bd,i, f. mistress, lady (among Mah- 

rattas) ; a dancing-girl, baj-jlt the mother bawd ; the 
old abbess ; ** la bonne." A. 

t/b UTO bd,e or W1^ bd,t, f. flatulency ; rheu- 
matism. bd,i pachnl, to be mortified, to be depressed, 
to die away. bd,l me^ bhafukna, to prate foolishly. 
ha^ tarna (see ba/> tarnd). «. 



C)^.V ^^ hayaiif left (not right) ; m. the 

bass Dart in muaic, the bass sound (particularly of 
the jodto, dholak^ and pakhawqf, which are played upon 
by the left hand), bdydii paiho pujna, to acknowledge 
the cunning of an artful person. «. 

V-*i^ mnH haydby apart, separate, strange, 

distinct yVt hat bdyab hai, this is another thing ; this 
is a horse of another colour, h, [quarter, h. 

I— ^V ^rnw bayah or bd,ibf m. the north-west 
^-^-^.i/V ^T^Ortf bayC-birang, m. name of 

a medicinal seed. «. 

«3^b bayad, it is fit, or necessary, bayadr 

thdyad, as it should be. p, 

^j»i V ^T^ ba^iSy twenty-two. h. 

aIum>u bayista, that which is becoming or re- 
quisite, necessary, p, 

*•} ^l^til 6a,ui, f. the royal army, be- 

'cause composed of the troops of the twenty-two fubas 
or provinces then constituting the Mogul empire; a 
command of 22,000 men. bd,m pufnd, to attack with 
one's whole force, h, 

^J ba,i' or bdyV, a seller, a merchant, a. 

K>b ba,tka, 1 ^ 

•W ,_ .,_ r '• a woman, a wife, d, 
y5V ha-ikuj * 

^y (/^ ^ I ^^ ^<^ \ bdpe^old,m. (&eeba,(hgold),h. 

{2j>S> ^rnnf bdyan, m. sweetmeat, &c., which 

is distributed to friends in marriage feasts, or in com- 
memoration of a success. «. 

^Jyj bdyin (v. bd,olt), a large wdl. d. 

^^b bd'-in, along with this, although, p. 

i^.U ^l^^ll fta,?ni, f. a basket in which 
^snakes are carried about finr show. A. 

^.^ YT^ &a,iAa, m. rheumatism, h. 

^\^ fw^n^ bibdd (for vivdd)^ m. quarrel, 
contest, h. 

^\x> ba^bdd, lit. to the wind, cast away, p, 
(^«^^ ftnn^ bibddi (for i?tva^), a disputant, 

plaintiff. «. [marriage. #. 

*W f^V^T^ ftiftSA (for vivdfi)y m. matrimony, 
^ ^rWT babar, m. one who crops the manes of 

horses. A. 

^ babar, m. a lion, a tiger, bi-bar (imper. 

of burtkm), bear or carry thou, p, 

babarjtj Ira. (for 5awarcAi), a cook; 
^ jAJ babarchiyj so babarprKhdnaj a cook- 

" house or kitchen. |b. [dissension. A. 

ii^FjA^il^ ^<IU^lQ bahrd-khefiy f. quarrelling, 

^)^ fWTST bibaran (for rtmran), m. inter- 
pretation, explanation. #. [colour. «. 

CU^ flrwft bibam (for rirama), faded in 
^3j^ ^WCTT bdbrutdy m. a clown, lout, 

bumpkin, a clumsy young man. A. 

tg;*^ *IW0 babrxy f. cropped hair, tresses; 

the act of cropping (particularly the numes of horses). A. 

^ ) ^ 

I \^j^ babafi, leonine or tigerifb; canine^ 

savage, p. 

{^j^'^^babufiAf. the name of a tree of 

j^ ^V^ babur, Hhe mimosa kind. (There 

J^ ^W5r babidy J are several species : the 

commonest is the Arabica, R&x.) ; the acacia tree. The 

babul produces also a valuable gum, and its bark, 

being a powerful astringent, is used in tanning by 

cAomarf, q. v. #. [offondneaa. i. 

1^ ^T^ babuwdy m. a child, a boy (a term 
j^ W^ babhrtiy large, great, tawny, &c-; 

bald-headed through disease; m. a large ichnemnoo; 
the name of a sage ; a tawny or brown colour, s. 

\.M. V^ A ) 9S^ fcttftAt<A«/ia, f. hunger. «. 
c2^ u i V ( ^f} ^IV|ff bubhukshity hungry, t. 
J4A> ^THil^ babhniy f. (see bdnUml), a stye 

on the eyelids, a lizard. A. 

j4f^ ftw^ bibhaw (rorvibhav), m. substance, 

wealth ; power, grandeur. «. 

^_^JJ ^ babai, m. the seed of a sweet-scented 

'*herb {Ocymum pUotttm, Roxb,) i name of a biid. a. 

^^ "W^ babbty f. a kiss. A. 

•• _ 

j_^-*AJ^ ^^^ babesiy f. the piles. A. 


U-*ja; li)nii|| babesiyd or batvetiyd, talking 
nonsense ; m. a catamite. A. 

tilju^ ff^ bibek, m. 1 discrimination^dis- 

Uxjyj fr^^!Cin&2&eAa<a, f. J cretion, sense. «. 

j^^uJ ftr^^ 6?fc«/«, discreet, prudent. *. 

^^^ Vm^HI bapd hondy to be raised, esta- 
blished, pitched. A. 

<JL*^> &^p^ or bapaty hidden, secret, d, 

C^^ fmm( brpaty '] 
^ \ <w«A.. I' ..• I'- calamity, misfortune. 

... "xs ». .- danger, mischief, s; 

jA^ f^ bipr (for vipra), a man of the sacer- 
dotal caste, a BriUiman. $, 

\j^ WJTT bapurdy helpless, distressed. A. 
^j^ ftlMWI bipamd, a. to attack, to assault. A. 
CiOjA> PmOri bi-parity contrary, opposite ; 

f. mischief, ruin. $, 

^y*} f^M<J' 6/paZ, m. a measure of time, a se- 
cond, or (as some say) one^ixth of a second. «. 

W^ ^ni^ bapansy ra. patrimony, a father's 

share, s, 

ij^ W^hrt bapauti or 6apo<i, f. paternal 
estate, patrimony, heritage. A. ^lath. 5. 

|;^44? ^^!ro baphdrdy m. vapour, vapour- 

^;4-^ HmiMI biphamdy n. to be perverse, 
refractory, cross, irritated, obstinate, pert s. 


( 97 ) 


fV4l biphai (for vrihaspati), m. 

" Tfaundaj. A. 

jij; ^^irt bapaifi, f» paternal estate. ^. 

Ca^ fVt &i7 or fWw but (for v?^/), ra. wealth, 
ittbitaiioe, ability, power, meani. #. 

O^ ^ ^<*^> ID* A hazard table ; a blow with 
but, m. an idol (hence, figuratively, a 

bdoted woman; a darling). hU-parattt an idolater 
kuirpanttl, idolatry. hU^tar&th, a maker of idola. p' 

batf m. a line drawn to distinguish se- 
paFBtenamea in a catalogue, or artidea In an aooonnt. p. 

Ca^ ^Wbaty m. the worm which is so destruc- 
tive to ahippinii {Teredo) ; contraction of hat, a word 
(lued in eompoaition). aa bat-bdharh external, foreign. 
bai'kafka^, m. prolixity, talkativeness, chicanerjr, 
wnacla. hai-btmd, an orator, a sophist bat-kahao, 
ID. talk, converaation. Contraction of bdl, wind, used 
in eompoaition, as bat-^oAhd-k., a. to ventilate, h. 

U^ ffHT bittaj m. a span, a hand's breadth, h. 
ll> ^nVT buttd, m. overreaching, fraud, trick, 

take in. btUtO'^lend, to overreach. A, 

IjJ HIT bata, zn* a bamboo lath ; a thin slip 

of bamhoo; aa oblong atone on which powdera are 
levigated. A. 

^j^ WIIR7 butarad, a name given to an extra 

ecaa npon the eoltiYator. K 
{^^ HTO b^UaSf f. wind, air. batoi^heni, 

t a kind of iweetmeata, augarcakea. «, 

Ls\jJ inmn or wnnin batdsa, m. a kind of 

twcetmeata, angarcakea (of a apongy textore, q. d. filled 
widi air) ; a bm>ble filled with water. A. 

Uill^ batdsha, m. (see batdsa),B, bubble,&c. h, 
^Uj WiTR baton, place of assemblage of 

eattfe at night in an open field. A. 

li\£> YVHT batdnd, a. to point, to shew, to 

explain, to teach ; to appear ; m. an upper turban ; a 
small bracelet of metaL A. 

^^ffWXHlbitdnd,SL,to pass (time), to spend, s. 

^^Jirm biitdna, \ . t z 

,. ,«'• , _ - ra. to eztmguisb. A. 

^flA>(^j\I^ batdm nimbu, m. the shaddock, /e. 

*>\dS^ bui'tisflnOf an idol temple, p. 

/i YV^ batar, land in a state fit for the 

ploogh. A. 
jl> hatar or battar, worse, very bad (con- 
tracted from bad-tar), p. 

jl> batar, curtailed (animal); destitute of 

good qoalitiea (see abtar). a. 

{fSjj\^ (^^H<1 bitra-bandi (v. bila-bandi), 
a kind of aettlcment. A. 

(ji^tyb but'tardshj an idol-maker, a statuarj.p. 
^Jy^ Wirnf! ftfffrana, a. to converse, talk. *. 

^jl> ftriTOff bitaran (for vitaran), m. giving 

charity, alms, a donation. «• 

Vi^ ftrinCfT bitarnd, a. to bestow, to grant. «. 
LJj H^ 5a<5a, m. a kind of rice. k. 
J— S^ ^ftl<# batsal (for vatsal), kind,loving. *. 
CfJub Wini fea^a^, f. (v.dlia^), a duck. p. 
8 JJoJ bui'kada, an idol temple, a pagoda, p. 
Jiou YiTlSf batakhar, loquacious, talkative. A. 
l^^ ^invi^ bat'kahd, loquacious, conver- 

aible. A. 

^l|5oJ W rt^fl^ bat'haKdyOy m. 1 loquacitj, 
^J^ ^nnirft bat-kaht, f. J conversi- 

" bleneaa, discourse, dialogues. A. 

l35)dJ Wric^H T batldnd, a. to shew, to explain, 

to point out, to teach, to inform. A 

JbJjbittam-bittam, bit by bit, gradually, d. 
UjJ ffinn bitnd (see 5i/na), n. to pass^elapse. s. 
ij^C ^Ti bu'tangy lit. in straitness. ba-tang and 

or Aona, to be in great distress, p. [dung. A. 

1.yj fWifttr bitaurd, m. a heap of dried cow- 
g^y[; wiW> batauri, f. a flatulent or oede- 

matoua swelling. A. 

^c.yj ^irft fca/iiri, f. a species of chand 

(q. V.) ; a small kind of grain. A. 

^^^yj YlflTH i^fl^oran,"! gathering or collect- 

^PyJ WH^^H batolanj ing the grain in the 
time of harvest. A. [a nun. a. 

Jyj tafiiZ, f. a virgin averse to matrimony, 
^J^ Wlft^ batoti, f. buffoonery. A. 
^3«jj ipf^ 6a<ttwt, a tattler, an idle talker. A. 
^^yj ^TiN^ baiwouy the preparation of land 

for the reception of the seed. A. 
\^ ftnn bithoy f. pnin ; affliction, s. 

li.l^jj ftr^lR«n Uthdmd, a. to cause to scat- 
ter, to cause to sprinkle. A. 
ic.^jj ftr^n^ bithdrif f cleansing the warp. A. 

O^jAjL) ftmUHl bithrdnd, a. to scatter, to 

sprinkle. A. 
\Jj4jj f^TOTf bitharndy or I^JT^ bithumd, 
n. to be scattered, to be sprinkled. A. 

\^jj W^nVT bathuyd, m. name of a kind of 

mens (Chenopodium album) ; also a kind of weed which 
grows wiUi the spring crops in the vicinity of water. A . 

\x^ Wftnn bathiydy a heap of dried cow- 
dung. A. 
jy WWt batu f. a word, speech. «. 


^ 'W^ batii, f. a candle ; a wick ; a match ; 

" a tent or bougie ; a stick (of 8eaHng-wax)L «. 

^j> btitfiy f. provision for a joiirnry. hutti 

lekar cJumdhir dhundna, to go in earnest search (of any 
thing), d, [high. A. 

Ujb fVftnn hittiyay m. a dwarf, %,e, a span 
liLlJ wfinHTT hatiyanaf a. to speak, to talk, 

to say, to converse. A. 

Cajuj Hi dirt hitity passed, gone, elapsed. $. 

(ji*JuJ Wlft^ battUy thirty-two. A. 

UmJuo WlfNr batttsa^ m. a medicine composed 

of thirty-two ingredients, usually given to mares after 
foaling, h, 

^jf**i*^ "mft^ battlsif f. any aggregate, con- 

** sisting^f thirty-two parts, hence, a set of teeth. battUh 
dikhdna^ a. to shew the teeth, to laugh ; to scoff or 
make faces at any one. A. 

o ^Zbat, m. name of a tree {Ficus Indica) ; 
a single caufi, «. 

^iLo W? batf m. tripe; twist; a wrinkle or 

fold of the abdomen ; (in comp.) contracted for batf a 
road, as bap-pdrt a highwayman. In Dakh. a weight 
made of metal or hard stone to weigh with (v. baf- 
khara). A. 

(JLj '^Z bat, m. ^a partition, division : in 

{S^'WZX%bata,i,f j revenue language, di- 
vision of the crop between the cultivator and xamTn- 
d&r. bafdfl-4ar, a cultivator who shares his crop with 
the zamindar. A. 

\j^ ^IJT battdf m. deficiency ; exchange or dis- 
count ; defect,blemish, iniury, offence ; a ball (of wood 
or stone) ; a box in whicn gems are kept, ba^-bdz, a 
juggler, a trickster. baUe-hazl, f. juggling, trickery, 
subterfuge, ba^ 4^iar and baffd 4hdl, level, even. A. 

jVjb i|^K batdr^ name of a tribe of Oujars, 

q. ▼. A. Qusion, &c. (v. saffd-baftd), A. 

Iam»U^ balid'Sattay m. a kind of armour, col- 
UU> fV7T«n bitand, a. to scatter, to sprinkle, h. 
\j\jj batdndf\m, a pea, called in Urdu,mo<ar 
*i\jb batdnayj (q. v.). d. 
5V3b mr^batdfUf m. a traveller; (in Dakh.) 

a highwayman. *. [ropes, &c. (v. baf). A. 

^pjj ^tV% batdfi, f. hire paid for twisting 

v.^ f^nm bitap, a tree, a twig, s, 

jl>vJILo "WCTK batpdrAm, highwayman, vil- 
VbsiLo •'ifCTTf bafpdr,) lain, footpad, h. 
jjTjbULo il^UlO bafpdrtf ^ f. highway rob- 
i^bsiLo ^CTnft bat'pdfiyj bing. /*. 
J> battakh, m. a duck (v. uiUa^). h, 

\ipb ^{<«fl batufTid, to be collected together, h, 
4<0b ^^0 batrif f. a small cup. A. 

( 98 ) y4S> 

|;4^ ^«^<J bathhardy m. a weight to weigh 

with (also written bafkara or bafkhttra\ A. 

(^y^ Hl^^^lKr biulavan, m. a kind of medi- 
cinal salt. », 

^^Ub M^^^lO batloht^ or hatlo,%, f. a brass 

"vessel in which HindQs dress their food. A. 
jU-i> WCTR bat-mar, a highwayman, hat- 

ntarh highway robbery. A. (^polae. $. 

O^M^ f^7>Tr9 bitmdf, m. a coarse species of 

yy^ ^tZ^tnrt bat-mogrd, m. the doable jas- 
mine {Jasminum zamba), A. 

vjub ^Z^\ batndf a. to twist, to form by con- 
volution (as ropes) ; to divide, share ; to gain, make 
profit; n. to be divided, to be twisted ; m. an instni' 
ment with which ropes are twisted. A. 

Ulb il^ftiiii bataniydy m. proprietor of a bat, 

a shareholder. A. 
\yb Y^VT batu,d or batwd, m. a purse, a small 

bag, generally used for holding betel- nut, &c ; a brass 
vessel in wich Hindus dress their food. A. 

\^ f%7^ bitwd, ro. a son. h. 

j^yi ^rWR batmdr (also batKdl), a tax ga- 
therer who collects a tax levied in kind ; a customs or 
police officer stationed on the road for collecting 
transit duties. A. 

1^1^ II^^IKI batwdrd, m. a share, the parti- 

don or divbion of lands, division of a crop in shares. A. 

\3l^ M^^MI batwdnd, a. to cause to twist, 

&C. A. [reaort k. 

jyb ^itX bator, m. a gathering, a crowd, a 
\jt^ f^iiiXJ bitaurd, m. a heap of the cakes 

of dried cow-dung. A. 

{^jy^ '^^^H batoran, gathering or heaping 

grain in one place at the time of harvest. A. 

^jy^ T<5l'<.dT batornd, a. to gather up, to col- 
lect, to purse, to accumulate (in Dakh. bafolna), A. 

K^j^ ftr^lft biUiU7'i, f. a tax on shopkeepers 
&c, in a village. A. ^&c. d. 

^jJb batolan (v. batoran), gathering grain, 
^^ f^^HI bitondy a. to scatter, to sprinkle ; 

m. a son (see bitwa). A. 

i^^ Wit^ batohx, m. a traveller, wayfarer. «. 
«jL> ^ batta, an extraordinary allowance 

paid the military when on field duty. Also, the agio 
allowance, or rate of expenditure, between rupees of 
different species. A. 

li)^^ ^T3T'T bathdn, pasture grounds, /i. 

\i^^ P^dH I bithdnd, a. to cause to sit down, 

to set, settle. A. 
^A\^\^ ftr7«V bithah, m. an ant hill. h. 

U^L^ fV|d<#l«n bithldnd, to cause to be seat- 
ed, to make one sit down. A. 

U^o wf^«n bithid, n. (for baithnd^, to sit. A. 


( 99 ) 


W3^ bathncij n. to enter : (in Dakb.) 

to be twisted, plaited, or ivoven together, as ropes, h, 

*j4^ Ha-wi bathuyO, or bathuwd, a kind of 

herb. ^ 

^ fc^ t> w?^ batha,ty f. the art of making gold 

"thread, also fta/a^i. i. [spirits. A. 

^af/iy f. a candle; a still for distilling 

Vaa> f^fpiTT hitiyoy f. a daughter. <. 

Ua^ W7^ bfitya^ f. a silken cord adorned with 

three fringes, which women use to tie their hair be- 
hind. A. [alley ; a small measure of weight. A. 

Ua> ^rf^QT batiya^ f. a narrow passage, an 
j^ls^ ^^^^TTif 6a//6-&a2;, m. a juggler, batte^ 

b^i, L performance of a juggler, slight of hand. h. p, 

j»^ ^ZT, bater, m. f. a kind of quail {Perdix 

olivaeea. Buck), s. 

}^j»^l^ W^ bates, m. a passage, pathway, h, 
..^jjoo^ W^9i| batentk, m. the proprietor 'or 

bolder of a share (same as bafaniyS), K 

l^ ba-ja, in place, all right, proper, true, ac- 
curate, becoming, fit. p. 

jUs f^nrrC bijdr, m. a bull, a stallion, h. 
Kjl)\jfi inn^V bajdk, m. a kind of serpent, h. 
"i^^a fi t m<g T bijdld, seedy, turned to seed, 

aboaodinf^ in seed, t, 

MU: qsil^^MI ba-jdrldnd (in Pers. ba-jd 
Smta'€Um,\ «. to perform, to obey, to execate, to ac- 
complish, ji. h. 

^Ijt ba-jdHf to the heart, soul, or life, ba-jdn 

Smttif m , to be in imminent danger or (Ustxess. borjan 
raajidan, to be vexed to the souL p. 

^\^ Wi|T«IT bajdndy a. to sound, to piny upon 
an instrument of music ; to perform, to execute. A. 

\j\jfL bujdnd (for bujhdnd q. v.), to extin- 
guish, && A. 

4^^ ba-Jd^, in place of, by way of. p, 
4^*^ ftn^ bijd,t, f. a portion of seed com 

which the poorer dasses are allowed to take from the 
field. A. [ment for the arm ; a bracelet. A. 

4f»^4 f^nVPV7 bfjayath, m. a kind of orna- 

liljs^ ^l|f ^Ml baj'bajdndf n. to effervesce 

with noise in putrefying. A. 
jlj? bajattaVf 1m. (for bajantri, &c. q.v.) 

iSjijfi bajattart,) a musician, &c. «. 
\i^t5Ji borjiddrkond^ n. to be importunate, 

to insist upon any thing ; to tempt, to urge (a per- 
i). a. A. 

jj{ WW bajr (for vajr\ m. a thunder-bolt ; a 

dusmond ; a4}- hard, hajr pare us par, &c., may light- 
ning fall on him, Uc ; this is used in cursing any 
bo<5'. 1. 

\jt mm bajrdy m. a boat for travelling in, a 

pleasure boat (of a larger kind, q. d. heavy or hard), 
commonly called " budge-row ". A. 

OV^^ WWf^H bajr-dghdtj (lightning- 
struck, any sudden calamity, especially if viewed as a 
judgment from heaven. «. 

y^/fi W^TCTJ bajar-battu, m. name of a fruit ; 

a large kind of seed, of which necklaces are made. A. 

{l^K^jOt Wl|y|tT bajar-bhang, ra. tobacco, h, 

** This appears to have been the first name given to the 
weed, which was introduced into India, as is supposed, 
in the time of Jehaoghire. It has now been superseded 
by the European name^-see tambdku" (Binning.) 

f^^j^. WWlffe bajr hit f m. (lit. "lightning- 
insect"), a species of the armadillo, called by natu- 
ralists Pangolin or Manis ; and sometimes " the scaly 
ant-eater'*. — It is termed in the DakhnI dialect AAoato* 
tndnjd. (Binning), t. 

iLSs>j^ WWV bajrang, m. a title of Hanu- 

man. «. 
ij^jfi WWyl bajrangl, f. a kind of tilakf or 
"mark, made on a Hindu's forehead with red lead. A. 

93{ bajruy m. a pleasure-boat (v. bajrd), h. 
gP;a? fWt bijri, f. (v. bijii), lightning, s. 
Ui ba-juZf besides, except, p. 
lifj f^K^'ibijRy^' lightning; a thunder-bolt. A, 
Ij^ Yif «n bajndy n. to be sounded (a bell or 

gong &c.) ; das baje, ten have sounded, t.«. it is ten 
o'clock ; to be famous ; m. a rupee (used among 
brokers). A. 

\Sati yiPTT bujndf m. a cloth used by men- 

struous women, a pessary. A. 
UjJ fini«n bij?idy m. a fan, a punkah, s. 
Jl^ bajantar, m. (v. bajantri), rf. 
^cjjl;*! ^[lf<9[^ bajantri, m. one who plnys 

upon musical instruments ; £ a tax on musicians and 
female dancers, bajantri-mdfyall, m. the quarter inha- 
bited by musicians ; a brotheL A. 

ijttXsf; ba-jins, in kind, in some sort. p. a. 

tjjfi ^T^tft bajam or bajni, f. quarrel, fight ; 
""uproar, a row. A. 
^ biju (also biju bd,ord), m. (v. beju), an 

animal that feeds on dead carcases, the Indian 
badger ; (some say tiie ichneumon), t/rsus Indicus. A. 

Ol*5iJ V^^MI bajwdnd, a. to cause to sound, 

to cause to play on an instrument. A. 

\jj^ inft7«TT bajornd, a. to strike, smite, d. 
j^-^i? rM ' » f1n bijog (for vijog), m. separation, 

absence (especially of lovers); adj. parted, separate, c. 

tj^ fWWt bijogi, wretched, one who is se- 
'* parated (from his beloved, &c). <. 
\^ ^HSJ bajhd, m. marshy soil. A. 

Oil^ wifytil bvjhdrat, adjustment of ac- 
counts. A. 
Ul^ v«s7«n bujhdnd, a. to extinguish, to 

put out ; to damp or depress one's courage, to quench 
one's thirst, as piyas bujhdnd, ^ 




C 100 } 


^^^ yflSjnn bujhdnd a. (caus. of bujhnd)^ 

to explain, to infuse into the mind, to demonstrate, 
to push as with argument, to persuade, to cause to 
believe, to take to. h. 

^v^fi ^VlKinn hajhdndy a. (also bajhdwand 

or bajha^ona), to entangle, to ensnare (as game), to 
entrap, h, [again, h, 

J«A^4^ byjhhujkarval, m. a riddle, guess 
]rt^ yipi hujahrdj m. a vessel for warm 

water, h. 

^»4^ r^Hb^^MI bijhkdndy a. to frighten, to 

scare, to ^arm. h, 

VIa^ r<IHI4i«11 hijhaknd, n. to be alarmed, 

to be startled, h, 

*IC^ f^HMlIf bijhgaht a scarecrow. A. 
Ia^ ^16^ be extinguished, to be 

put out (as fire, a lamp), to be quenched (thirst), to be 
dejected (the spirits), h. 

\j4^ ^HHf bajhndf to be ensnared, to be 

caught (as game) ; to stick. A. 

<^,^^ ^TVI!]^ bajhrvatf a stalk with ear. h. 
^y^» W^nn bvjhontd, an abstract account 

of a village proprietary, h. 

^.^4^ rYVR!ir«14l bijhoniydy name of a tribe 

of ro/'-pu/f in Jaunpur. h, [burthen. A. 

(Jj^^ ^(HI^ bujhail, laden ; beast, &c., of 
^^^ f^^ 6ya« (for vijaya), m. triumph, ^(/at- 

"dasamit the victorious tenth ; the tenth of asm 5AuAr/ 
Paksh i the anniversary of R&ma's victory over £Ulvana.«. 

^^ f%ftnn bijiyd or bijayd, m. hemp, bhang 

(Ccmnafrw gativa), $, 

j^Sk:^, ^^rt^fPC baji-ddr, an agricultural servant 

who takes com as a recompense for his labour, h, 

^^ ffifift bijayi (for vijayi), vanquisher, con- 
queror. «• 
^^ f^ ^tc'A (for blcA), in the midst, among. 5. 

j^ ^^ bach'or vach, f. orris root. *. 

j^ W^ ftacA, an inferior tribe o{ rdj-puts in 

the district of Jaunpur. h, 

\^ W^ bachd or inST backchd. m. a child ; 

a young animal, bachche wait mur^, the hen witli 
her chicScens; the constellation of the Pleiades, p. 

bUj ^f^inn bachdpd, m. safety, escape, deli- 



X^ ftr^T^ bichdr (for vichdr), m. contriv- 

ance, consideration, reflection, judgment, opinion, 
thought, vrill. s. 

\j\^ bichdrd (for be-chdra), helpless, p. 

OlI^ "ftr^TOf bichdrat (for viclidrat), paif. 
reflecting, thinking. «. 

0.lj; f^f^xftj^ bichdrit (for vichdnt), judged, 

considered, matured, s. 

(Jj.l^ "PT^^^ bichdrak, an inspector, in- 
vestigator, judge, s. 

^j^ i^'^KHf bichdmdy a. to consider, to 

reflect, to investigate, to comprehend, to think, to ap- 
prehend, to conceive. ». [helpless, p^ 

»jlj: bichdra (for be-^hdra), without resource, 
*^^ ftr^S bichdrya, fit for consideration, i. 

;J^ i^^rr^ft bfchdRt f. straw. A. 

^^ "^^TtH bachdnd, a. to save, to preserve, 

to reserve, to protect; to save, to spare ; to defend, to 
guard, to conceal, to leave, (for 6a;a»a), to sound a 
musical instrument A. 

j^ 'W^m bachdjO or baehdVf m. safety, pro- 
tection ; escape, deliverance A. 

^j;-Jf? ^T^^f bach-pan, m. childhood, infancy .A. 
y^ f%fw bichlir (for mchitra)^ various; 

wonderful 9. 

^jfi ^^n\ backti, f. remainder; surplus, re- 

" sidue ; end, conclusion. A. 

^jgi (k^KHl bickamdj to detail, hichar 

bichar kar bolnS, to speak in full detail, h, 
cdlji; fV^fcV bichak, disappointment; fright, 

alarm, h. 

Uo^ f^T^^vfr bichhdndy a. to baulk, to dis- 
appoint, to break one's promise, (in Dakh.) to frighten, 
to terrify or threaten. A. 

U\^ ^^iVTHT backhand, small (generally ap- 
plied to shoes and clothes) ; m. a dancing boy. A. 

(3^^ H^^mI bachhdni, f. a girl adopted by 
" an old prostitute, p. [children, &c. A. 

^^, Wnrr bach'hach (generally hach-hachy 
Um; fv^i^^bicJiahndj n. to be disappointed, 

baulked ; to sprain ; to run away, to retreat ; to with- 
draw a consent « hich has been given, (in Dakh.) to 
start, to be afraid. A. 

Ui^ r«|^4^l bfchhannd, m. an ornament 

worn in the anterior lobe of the ears. A, 

^U^ bachagdn or bachchagdn, children, 
young one's (Pers. pi. of AacAcAa). p. 

djlC^ bachchagdna, fit for children ; in a 

childish manner, bachehaganh f> a diild's toy or play- 
thing, p, [tribe. A. 

{i^A TTnft bach-guti, name of a rdj-pui 
jj^ bachchagi f. infancy, childhood, p. 

Ul^ r^^c^vll bichalnd, n. to break one'^a pro- 
mise, to slip, to infringe, to turn, to bend, s, 

Ij^ f^^vpfT bichamndj a. to tease or torment 

one with questions. A. 

ro^ W^Tif bachan, m. speech, talk, discoarse* 

word; promise, agreement. (acAon band kar lena or 
bandh A., to bind by promise, bachcm bandt or bandh^ 
h<ma, to promise, to be agreed upon, bachan poind, to 
abide by a promise, bachan tont&t a. to break one's 
word, bachan chhorna, to break one's promisie. bachan 
dend, a. to promise, to agree, bachan ddlud, a. to 
question, to ask, to inquire. AocAon lend, to receive a 
promise, bachan mdmdt to conclude an agreement 
oachan mdnnd, to obey, bachan nibhdnd, to abide by a 
promise, bachan hdrnd, to promise, to agree, to gWe 
one's word. 9. 



UjJ TVifT bachfidy n* to be saved or spared, 

to eicape, to remain unexpended, bach-rahna, to 
avMd, to take care against, h. 

V^nnn bachndgy name of a yec^etaf jle 
«. [eipoiued. s. 

bachan-daUa, betrothed, 
tjjs bichuydf m. name of a plant cL 
(3^^ firwpft bichwantf 1 m. one who in- 
^^ fWH^m bickauliya, Kerposes, a me- 
%s^ fw^^% bickwa^y J diator, an am- 

pire, an arbitrator; an agent or ambafltador. #. 

«^ bachckoy m. the yoang of any animal, an 

infant, a child, baeh^a-d&i, m. the womb, baehhe- 
wdG murghi, t the ben and chicicenB ; a name given to 
the Pleiades, p. 

«4^ '^fWbachh, or V^ '^^bachhd, m. a calf. s. 

^^4^ ftl^nn bichchaid, m. a stinging- 
nettle {Urtiea mierrupta). h. 

\jjfi V^ AnET ^^ bichhd'dend, a. to spread ; 

met. to knock down, to drub, to floor, h. 

V^l^^ Offimi bichhdndy a. to spread ; m. a 

bed, bedding, carpet (Dakh. bichhanaH), h. 

^^*fi bachchorddny m. the womb. p. 
\j^ ^mr bachhrd, m. a calf, h, bichhrd 

(Dakh.) separation. 

^1;4^ ^^IF^ ^tcAAurana, a. to cause to be 

separated, to separate or snnder (actively), i, 

%£^\j^, bichkurdhaty f. separation^ act of 

separating. Also bichharSkaf, t. 

^j^ OlitHI bickhumd or fviPOT bichhaitid, 

B. to be separated, or set apart, to slide, to slip, to turn 
away the uee. t, 

^j^ W1[C backhru, m. a calf or colt. #. 
tj^ ftrVTf bichhardy m. 1 separating, se- 

^l/A^ fwVfl? bichhardfyf.j paration, part- 
ing asunder. # • 

^^^^ PmiMI bickhardnd, a. to cause to be 

separated ; to part or divide (actively). «. 
j|)^ f^rnnfk bickhurdyOy m. act of parting 

or separating, separation, t. [fi-^^Y' *• 

vS^V^^ bickhrdhaty fem. separation, turning 

U^^dJ OfiAfvll bichhurnd or f^TffTtfT bichhaf' 
iifi, n. to be separated, to turn away. t. 

j3A^ irej bachhruy m. a colt, a calf. «. 
U]i4^ nm^^vll bichhalndy n. to be separated ; 

to slip, to slide ; to slip out of place, to sprain ; to turn 
awaj the face. A. 

U^ fVV^ biehhndy n. to be spread, h. 
ilAl^ iRPTTT bachchh'ndgy m. name of a 

vegetable poison. «. 

^^ f^9^ bichchhuy *1 m. a scorpion, the sign 
'9^ fVg^VT^'<?^^>$J Scorpio. B, 

101 ) jf*i 

•j4?? ^^''^1^ bichhuydy m. a sort of dagger; 

a small stiletto with a curved or serpentine blade ; an 
ornament worn on the toes. h. 

^'.^4?^ r«i«^«ji*ti bichhwdndy a. to cause to 

spread, k. 

^^4?? flratftfT bichhornd, a. to separate. /*. 

^j4?5 ft*^'^' hichhaund or fif^WT bichhond, 
m. bedding, carpeting, h. 

^,y^, '^^WfZt bachhohtdy m. distribution of 
an aggregate sum on several individuals. A. 

',^4?? ^«t^^ bichhohy 1m. separation, ab- 
^^4?5 ftraft^ bichhohdj sence. h, 
SfljA^ bichhUfi, f. a ring or ornament worn 

on women's toes. d. 

j^^4j{ Wift bachhi, a female young animal, p. 
^J^ ^ftnrr backktyd (diminutive of bachh%)y 

f. a female calf, h, 

\i^. "WijX bachherdy\ 
\j^.^(^bachherdyr'^^''^'^ ^• 
^J^* ^W bachherty-^^^ ^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^ 

^l^ bahhds, a great disputer, controvertist, 

argner. a. 

jl^ fttAa;' (pi. of^), seas, gulfs, &c. a. 

Jl^ ba-hdly happy, flourishing, prosperous ; 

reinstated (as in service) ; restoration to a former con- 
dition, or continuing in the present state, p, a. 

^Us ba^kdli adj. of or relating to a former 

**8tate$ f. restoration to a former state or con- 
dition, hor^l sanadt a grant restoring a person to 
the possession of something that he has been deprived 
of, or confirming to him what he at present enjoys, p, 

(.Ia^ baksy f. argument, discussion, alterca- 
tion, controversy, discussion, ba^k,, to dispute, a. 
^_^^U^ bahftd-bahi^, f. controversy, discus- 

"sion, argumentation, a. 

\jJUt bahasndyfi, to argue, to dispute; totalk. a, 

(3^ borhaddy or 9Ji^6^ ba-hadde hi, to such 
a degree tliat ; so that, p, 

j^ bahvy m. a sea, a gulf, a bay ; f. metre 

in prosody ; a fleet, a, 

(J^^ buhrdn, m. the crisis of anj disease (as 

fever, &c.). a. 

{S^, bahriy maritime, naval ; (for bahri), a 

kind of falcon, a. 
^^J^ bahrairiy lit. the two seas, generally 

applied to the Mediterranean and the Euxine : it also 
applies to the two waters, viz. the fresh and tiie salt a. 

^-,»^u^ ba-Jiasb or ba^hasbe kiy accordins: to, 

in accordance, in such a way that, p, a. 

ba-kakk or ba-haHi, on account of ; in 
the case of. p. a. 


( 102 ) 

aX^ ba-hukm or ha-hukmij under the com- 
mand of; by dint of. p. a, [lution. p. 
J^ bihil,(for bi'hil,**\et alone/*) pardon^ abso- 

4U\iX^ ba-hamd Ulahxy by tbe grace of God, 

God be praised that. a. 

8^ buhairap a small sea or inland lake, a, 

jljtf bukhdr, m. steam, mist, fog ; glowing 

heat from the ground, or such as is felt in a fever ; va^ 
pour, exhalation. btitlk^r-nikalna» n. to break out (as 
an eruption on the skin), ht^sb/ir dil meik rakhna^ a. to 
entertain enmity or malice In the heart, a. 

u\s^ bukhardf name of a town and country; 
the ancient Bactiia. p. 

4^^W bukkdrij of or relating to Bukhara, a 

native of Bukhara, p, 

Ca^ bakhtf m. fortune, prosperity, luck, fe- 

licity. bals!ii-awar, fortunate. baiy-baU, lucky, for^ 
tunate. fta^Z-fraz?, f. trying one's fortune, bakht 
jalnd, to lose one's luck, to become unfortunate, bak^l- 
bidar, one whose fortune is wide awake, a prosperous 
person. baJs^bargashta, unfortunate, ba^t-timfta, 
one whose fortune is asleep, unlucky, p. 

vI14^ bukht, m.^a quick-paced camel (gene- 
^jJtf bukhtt, f. J 'rally used to ride on, and not 

" for burthens), a. 
jljukisj baMtiyaVj fortunate,pro3perou8. baKhti" 

ydrl, f. prosperity, good fortune, p. 

]^ bakhrd, ^ra. share, portion, lot, ailow- 
ytf bakhra,) ance. p. 

{JJ^ bahhhy m. gift, donation ; pay ; pardon 

or forgiveness ; share, portion, lot. bajshfih denii, to 
give, to bestow ; in comp. it denotes giving, bestow- 
ing, forgiving, as famar-bai^^ht productive of fruit, 
tdj'ba]chfiht bestowing a diadem, p, 

\3Llii2 bakshdnd, a. to cause to give ; to procure 

pardon for another, p. 

^jijLlitf baMj^hd,ish, f.a favour,forgiveness. p, 
{J!*iJfi, bakhshish, f. a gif^, gratuity, bakh- 

shish-nSTtta, a deed of gift, p, 

lxlJ£f bakhshnd, a. to give, to bestow, to gr^t, 

to spare, to pardon or forgive, p, 

aa\j^J^ bakhsh-ndTna^ m. a deed of gift, p, 
^SxL^, bakhshandar/if f. liberality , gene- 

'*ro8ity; forgiveness, p. 

St^julifS bakhshanda^ he who bestows ; God, 

the forgiver. p, [forgivcr. p, h, 

\j\^^^y^J^ bakJishan-hdrdf m. lhebestower,tbe 
i^J^ bakhshif m. (lit. the giver), a pay- 

** master; a general, commander-in-chief, bak^sht.ul- 
mamdlik, a title or rank, equivalent to commander-in- 
chief, bakhshi-hhdna, m. the pay-office ; the general's 
office. bahJyihiydni a*^m, the supreme commanders, p. 


Ul1J4 bahhshiydtj name of a division of 

the Jannpor district, p. 

^faVxlAg bakhshtdaUf to bestow ; to forgive, p, 

ijStJ^ ba khs hugarif f. office of general, p. 

(J^ buhMf m. parsimony, stinginess, ava- 
rice, sparingness. a, fsition. p. a, 
<i ba'kjtildfy on the contrary, in oppo- 
tf ba'ihubi, in perfection, thoroughly, p. 

3ytf ba-M^d, lit. to or into self, ba-khud ana, 
to oome to one's self or one's sensea. p. 

j^ bahhur^ m.perfume,odour,frankincen8e. a. 
tf ba-khushtf with pleasure ; joyfully, p. 

jJ4 ba-kkai^y in welfare, well, good, p* a. 

jjtf baihtr^ ra. report, news, intelligence, d, 
JjJcs bakhtlf a miser, a niggard, a. 
^JljJiS baihm, f. stinginess, niggardliness, a. 

BJJii bakhiya. m. a kind of stitching; quilt- 
ing, sewing very thick and strong, p. 

iV bad, evil, bad; much used in the formation 

of compounds ; as, bad-ti]s^ar, of an anlucky star, 
unfortimate. bad-atlUdi, of bad habits, bod^usluh, 
ill-shaped, iU-made ; of evil conduct had^<isl or hai- 
luul, low-bom. bad-atwdr, iU-mannered. bad-afjil, 
of evil deeds, bad-ftikdd, mistrustful, had-amdesk, 
inimical, evil-minded, bad^tin, of ill mannera, ob- 
serving no religious precepts, bad-bdiin, internally 
evil, bad-bai^, unlucky, unfortunate, bad-har, evil- 
minded or disposed. bad-bu,fattid; f. stink, bad-pttrka, 
not controlling one's inclinations and passions; in- 
temperate. bad-cJidli, of bad conduct, bad-chaskm, 
malignant, envious, coveting other men's goods, pax^ 
ticularly wives, bad-idl, m bad circumstancea, ill- 
conditioned, bad-ifawdu, senseless, stupifled. bad- 
HUfdl or bad-^lsbaflatt of a bad disposition. bad-J^atU 
writing ill. bad'kbfdk, of evil nature, fll-dispoaed. 
bad-]^, of bad habits, bad-itiufdht wishing evil, bad- 
dtfdy f. curse. bad-diU suspicious. bad-<tmaA dis- 
satisfied, displeased with every thing. bad-Mil^ ill- 
shaped, unjpaceful. bad^t, low-bom, of bad breed, 
wicked, vicious, bad-t^n, stupid, slow of apprehen- 
sion, bad-rdh, wicked, sinfuL bad-rikdb, ill-paced 
(a horse), also difficult to mount bad^rag, of a bad 
vein, ill-natured, malevolent bad-rcmg^ bad oolonr, 
bad kind, bad-rau, ill-paced (a horse), bad-zabin, 
indecent speaker, abuser; f. indecent language* abuse. 
bdd-zabdnt, f. abuse, bad-zeb, ungracefm. badsffal, 
f. an unlucky moment, bad-saj^ ungraceful, ill-looking. 
bad-sirisht^ of a bad composition, ill-natured, bad- 
saranjdnit of a bad end. Oad-sigdl, malevolent bad- 
nduk, unfavourably indined, maltreating, bad-sirat, 
ill-tempered, of bad disposition, bad-shakl, ill-shaped, 
ill-looking, bad-shugun, of evil omen, inauspicious. 
bad-turat, ugly, ill-conditioned. bad-tanJ:^ m. bad 
habit (in a religious sense), bad-tinat, malevolent, 
iniquitous. bad-ihuUi, f. malevolence, iniquity, bad- 
jlfann, suspicious, bcid-ahd, faithless, treacherous. 
'bad-ji*U m. evil deeds ; of bad habits (particu- 
larly in a religious sense). bctd-farjam^ of evil 
end or issue, malignant bad-kdr or bad-kirdar, sin- 
ful; a malefactor, bad-gurndtif suspicious, bad-go^ 
slanderous, bad-guhatt of bad origin, bad-lagam, 
hard-mouthed (a horse), not obedient to the reins. 
bad-mast, dead drunk, bad-maza, of bad taste, un- 
savory, bad-mazagit unsavoriness, tasteiessness ; cool- 
ness between friends, bad-mizdj^ of evil temper 
Ifad-mu^oiina^ suspicious. bad-mtCdsh, of a bad pro- 
fession, of an infamous trade, bad-mu^dmala^ of unfiiir 



( 103 ) 


dnltng, roffuisb. bad-mihrij t disobligingness, un- 
kindneflB. iad-nSm, infiunous, calumnious, bad-ndmtt 
£ in&my. iMid-maseU, of a bad race or breed ; a bas- 
tard, bad'ttofibf unfortunate, bad-nasart ill-looking. 
kad-ni^l, tripping (a borse). bad-numd or bad-nam&d, 
SDgraceful, inelegant baJ-niltad, ill-disposed, of bad 
bfeention. bad'Wa$\ ill-disposed or ill-behaved, bad- 
of bad digestion, oad-haitatt ill-formed, mis- 

shapen, bad-yumn, evil-omened, unpropitious. N.B.— 
All the preceding adjectives may lorm abstract sub- 
stantives by the addition of >, as bad-akhfai:!, depravity 
of morals, bad-mslubh malformation, &c. p, 

t3J|, '^^ badf f. a bubo^or swelling of the gland. A. 
i3J ^bid» f. a little pit into which children in 

pUy endeavour to throw balls or marbles, h. 

(V ^ badi^ f. the wane of the moon ; the 
dark half of the lunar mouth, from full moon to new 
moon. s. 

\sy tw^ bida, f. dismission ; taking leave, 
farewell, adieu, hida-k , to bid farewell, to dismiss. «. 

\sy bida, f. beginning, commencement, a. 

W ^^ bada, predestined, fated. A. 

4^J^W ^F^IW^ bada-badij with emulation or 
rivalship* oontentiously. h. 

jjjjVv finn^f biddran (for foidaran)^ m. act of 
teazhig^ breaking, severing, rending, or dividing, s. 

^Xy) ftr^KHT biddmd, a. to tear, to rend. s. 

tf^ ^V^nA baddml, f. a species of rice. h. 

^6f badrdn (for ba'dn), lit. by that; thereby, 
theiMX. p. [congratulation, &c. 

\^\s> baddhd, m. (v. badhdwd), a song of 
O^f JJ baddhatf f. an anexpected accidept. a. 
\jh\s} ftr^t^«n biddhndf a. to turn the plough 

over a field, after the seed is come up, and also to 
plough immediately after sowing, for the purpose of 
covering the seed ; to harrow, k, 

sZ^di ^^ ^.W ^ddyaty commencement, a. 
fi'oj baddyt (pi. of ft«>*V^),wonderp,raritie8.fl. 

UbiV) f^^l^l bad'bdchd, m. a false or frau- 

dalent bach or diviaon. A. 

^^ WR budbudf m. a bubble, h* 

l)li3jjj v|i^|«n budbuddndj a. to mutter, to 

gmmble. a. 
OjJ f^f^ bidilf known, famed, renowned. 5. 

j>«V hadtar, worse, inferior, very bad. p> 

^^ badaihf m. a duck (for batakh). d. 

^JJL^Sf badahhshdn^ name of a region near 
the source of the Oxus, famous for its rubies, &c. p. 

j6> badr, m. the fnll moon. a. 

ji^ bandar (to the door, or at the door), ivith- 
OBt, out. bordar-nawUi, writing off objectional items 
of an account ; auditing or taxing an overcharged bill. p. 

\j^ ^f^ badrdy m. a cloud, cloudiness, i, 
•j«X) ba-darjj by insertion, per invoice, p. a, 
^j^i ba-darajOf in, or to a degree, p. a. 
jjj^ badar'taUf f. a drain, a sewer, p. 

9^jS> badarha or badraha, m. a fellow-tra- 
veller \ a convoy, or guard on the road ; any thing 
ordered to be taken with a certain medicine (as water 
gruel with salts); a vehicle (in medicine — see anupan)i 
also a charp:e (of one per cent.) formerly levied as the 
expense fur keeping the highways and rivers free from 
robbers, badrafca l^isab, an invoice of goods sent ; also 
transit duty, p, [ten thousand dirhams. p. 

8j«3J badra, m. a bag of money ; a weight of 
i^(3J W^ badrty a place of pilgrimage in the 

north of India, m. 

^(3J f%^ bidrty f. a mixture of metals so 

called ; a kind of tutenaff inlaid with silver, (so called 
from Bidar, the name of a city and province), used for 
^ukkatt &c. h. 

tiJ/I>wf;*^ I^Om^* badrl-patraky m. a sort of 

perfume, a leaf. «. 

^^«A*V ^^151 badrt-phaldt f. a plant, 
the blue sephalica or nyctanthes. «. 

^«^^S^;(V ^<<14<I badj'l'Chkadd, f. a kind 

of perfume, apparently a dried shell-fish; a tree, a 
species of the Zizypftus, t. 

Jj^cf;*V W^^ftSI badri'Shaily m. a part of 

the Him&laya range, and a celebrated place of pilgrim* 
age, the Badrinath of modem travellers ; or a town and 
temple on tiie west bank of th» Alaknanda river in 
• the province of Shrlnagar. ». 

d^iM,^ bordcut, in hand, or into hand. p. 
jy^Mijj ba-dastury according to custom ; as 

usual, in the usual manner, p. 

^^fc3^ ^^?V^ badsald, m. a hog-sty. h, 
lI^JJ bid^aty f. violence, oppression, wrong ; 

schism, heresy, blasphemy, a. 

^i\> bi(Caity a tyrant, oppressor, a. 

^JJ badai (same as bat)y a duck. d. 

vZaS^ ba-dikhat, with toil or difficulty, p. a. 

\j^dJ ^^W^badaknd, n. to move, be moved, h. 

JjJ» badaly m. exchange, substitution ; reta- 
liation; prep, for, on account of. badal lend, a. to 
exchange, to take in exchange, badali malt m. price, 
barter, badal-mushdfiara^ m. stipend given in money 
or kind to public or private servants, a. 

J»V T^^ baddaly or ^^ badcdy m. cloud, k, 

J JJ ba-dil, with the heart, heartily, sincerely. 
ba dil ojauy with heart and soul, p, 

^i^i W^K^\ badldy m. exciiange, lieu, stead, 

a substitute, recompense, revenge, requital, badld 
lend, a. to alter, to revenge, badle, in exchange, in 
return for. a. [of the English word. d. 

^dJ budldy m. a bottle, probably a corruption 
ji^Sf bad'-ldm (for bad^ridm^y infamous, of 

bad repute d, 

U^J^ <r<cj^MI bacUdnd, a. to cause to alter ; 

to diange, to put one thing for another, a. 

c^^^V ^<;Qn^^A^>i|f* price of exchange, a. 
UJ^V 'I^^H' badalnd, a. to change, to alter, a. 
^S^ ^i<i!) badliy f. cloudiness; a small bit 

"of cloud, a. 


( 104 ) 


^Js) ^f^^ft badtiy f. exchange; relief (of 

"watches, &c.) ; a substitute ; a person or thing taken ; 
representation or exchange oi some other person or 
thing, a. 

-J«^^ budli, f. a small bottle (v. budla), d, 
^dJ "^^ hadun (for vadan), m. the mouth, 

the countenance. «. 

^t3J badaUy m. the body, badan phal-jana, 

n. to be covered with an emption of pustules, a. 

\jdJ W^ffH badna, a. to wager, to stake at play, 

to settle, to predestinate, to take (as witness), to obey, 
to acknowledge, to agree, not to refuse. A. 

Ujj badna,m. (for da^iAna), a kind of pot. h. 
^ JJ badm, f. a pipkin of a small size. d. 

f^S> W^^ badnx, a contract by which the 

" borrower gives a bond at high interest, and as a fur- 
ther security to the lender, he assigns his crops valued 
far below the market price. A. 

^ JJ badaniy of or relating to the body, a, 

jtiJ baduj infamous, bado (for ba'O)^ in or 

to him, &C. p. 
j(^> baduf a tribe of Arabs so called, a. 

/o'*«^^ ftryrr bidwdn (for vidfvd7i)f learned, s. 

^j j^ buduhf an invocation, supposed to pos- 
sess mat power over the invisible world. It has no 
meaning that I ever heard, but some suppose it to be 
the name of a certain deceased saint. The word is 
often written as a diarm, and inlaid in letters of gold 
on sword-blades, &c.| to ensure their efficiency, a. 
(Binning). [to laugh at, to ridicule, h. 

UjjcV ftnflt»n bidornd, a. to screw ; to mock, 
Ujl^fcX^ Ov^StiT bidornd, a. to laugh at. h. 
C^^dJ ba'daulat,hy means of, through, p. a, 
^jjt3J biduHf without, deprived of. a. 
4bi3J ^V5acfA,in. killing, slaying, badh^dand, 

m. capital punishment hadh-kdmya, f. desire to kill. 
badh'kankshi, wishing death, badn-sthdn, m. or badh" 
sihalit f. a place of slaughter or execution, t. 

jiSf m/i baddJia, bound, tied; cheeked, 8up« 

pressed; fixed, withheld, haddha-thikh, young, a pupU 
whose hair has not been shaved. baddJM-thikhdt f. a 
pungent root, a kind of garlic baddha-kop^ one who 
governs or suppresses wrath, baddfta-muif fast or firmly 
rooted, i, 

JbSf fn bidh (for vidhi), f. a sacred pre- 
cept, rule, common practice, precept, direction ; name 
of Brahma; manner. Wd/ii-ftfl/, (for ©WAi-vo/;, accord- 
ing to rule, law, or precept. *. 

>JJ 'PI budh, m. name of a Hindu deity 

corresponding to the Odin or Woden of the Saxons, 
and regent of the planet Mercury ; the planet Mer- 
cury ; Wednesday ; a wise man, a sage. *. 

J^S> ^nbuddha, m. a wise or learned man, a 

sage ; a deified teacher, especially of the Bauddha sect ; 
the ninth avatar or incarnation of Vishnu, and the 
apparent founder of Buddhism. *. 

^ JJ ^iftr buddht, f. sense, knowledge, under- 
standing, bttddhi-hin, senseless. «. 

pi^Sf fw^ bidku (for vidku), m. the moon. «. 

oUjj fnnn bidhdtd (for vidkdtd), m. be 

who has predestined. I. e. the deity Brahmft. prori- 
dence. » [precept, direction. «. 

^J^S> r«i^in bidhatit m. common practice^ 

(J>^^«V ^ll^fcj^ baddhdnjuli, putting the 
hands joined to the forehead, saluting respectfully. «. 

)j\>«\; W¥Jm badhdwdf m. a song in congra- 
tulation ; presents, &c., carried to the house of a wo- 
man on the sixth or fortieth day after childbirth. A. 

(JL>j\jb(\j r^MI^^ bidhdwaU f- perforation, h. 
«^Ujj WVt^ badhd,t, f. (same as hadkdwa)^ 

a song, presents, &c h. [gent. t. 

^j^'^^ S^^Bf^ buddhi-bkrit, wise, intelli- 

jljJfeJJ bitdh-bdr, m. the day of Budh, Wed- 
nesday. #. 

dAlb(3J S'f^ budhit, known, understood. «• 

(^^4^ ^ViPT budh-jan, m. a wise man. s* 

J^i^f ^f^ badhivy deaf, badhirtd, f. deaf- 
nest, t. [ezeontion, place of slaughter. «• 

^\^jL»^43J inWR badha-sthdny m. place of 
cdbftJJ WW badhak, m. a slaughterer, a 

killerl «. 

(^J^i3^ WfVv badhik, a huntsman, sportsman, 

fowler, killer, slayer. #. 

^J^S> ^HkhH buddhimdn ,m. 

dj^dJ ]jf|[inr buddhimaty m. 

{J^^ ^TlBHill buddhimati, f. 

known, t. 

Wise, Beskst* 
ble, learn- 
ed, famed 

U^JJ WIRT fto^iAna (also bidkna), a. to smite, 

to kiU ; n. to be wounded. «. 

U^*W WVfT badhndj m, a kind of pot, with 
a spout to it, a vessel for drinking water from. «. 

IjJb J^ fV^lfTT bidhndy n. to be pierced ; m. a 

name of Brahmil (see bidkatay », 
(3jJb(3J bi'dihand {^^\et them grant'*), a su- 
perscription of assent by the emperor on a petition 
xbr an assignment of revenue, p, 

^Sf WV badhuy f. a daughter-in-law, son's 
wife ; a woman, wife, lady (same as biM), s. 

iyb(3J fnnr bidhavd or bidhwd (for vidhaisd)^ 
i» widow, bidhawa, ra. the Deity. 9. 

j\^i3J WVnr. budh-tvar, m. Wednesday, s, 
uV^*^ JHr^IM buddhiwdn, 1 wise, know- 

\i^^ ^flK^cft buddhiwattf f ing, intelli- 

** . I 

ll^jlbjj W4^*AI byddhirvanld,} gent. «• 

i^bybjj i|utMI44 badhopdya, m. instrument 

or means of putting to death. «. 

(j«3ybi3J fW5^ bhlhwans (for vidJiwans), m. 
death, annihilation, demolition, t. 


( 105 ) 


ifi^S} ¥V4|r hadha-vanBh, m, the slaaghter 

ofm whole nee. «. 

(^>iV ^NffWl i«i*ttt-Ain, ignorant, silly, a 

fix4. faMUftt-AiM^, f. ignorance, foUy. «. 

^*X> Wift baddhtff. an ornament worn round 

"the ne<*, banging down to the wairt, and croning be- 
hind and before; a belt, a sash, a pair of braces. A. 

Ujj ^fftnif hadhiycLy f. a bullock, or any 

"castrated animal, h, 

ijjdJJS^S} WlftftpJ huddhlndriyay m. an organ 

of hiteUect or pcreeptlon, as the mind, eye, ear, nose* 
tongue and skiii. s« 

M^iV VR badhya, deserving death.condemned 

to death, hadkyala, f. fitness to be kUled. badhya^ 
Nnmi, t or badhyortthan, m. a place of pubUc exe- 
catioo. s. 

^s^i hadif f. badness, wickedness, p. 

^S) ^ hadu f. tbe dark half of the lunar 

'month, from fnU moon to new moon. s. 

\l^ fliWT hidya (for vidya), f. science, know- 

"kdge, mtellect. s. 

^^bi^ f^nm.bidyadhar,m. uTidjldh^ny 
s spades of dancera that perform before the assembled 
duties in Indra'a paradise. » 

^j^jhi^ 9nJ^ hidydriki (for vidyarthl), 

•* m. a seeVer after knowledge, a student s. 

J.bjJ fwai^ni bidydman (for vidydwdn), 

sde^tMc learned. #. [foreign country. #. 

^J^ f^ bides (for videsh), abroad, a 
jjjjj f^^ hidesi, of another country, a 

"trsTeller, a foreigner. «. 

gj; 6a<fi\ rare, strange, wonderful, curious, a. 

j^..y 6flrfm (for ba-tn), to, for, or in this. p. 

M»V> 6flrfiAa,ni. an extempore, an impromptu, 
bijitoosity.any thing done inconsiderately, an unex- 
pected erent ; an axiom, a. 

^^ badihif unpremeditated ; apparent, a. 
% IIT badd (see bafd), great, large, s. 
Ijj huidd, old, aged ; an old man. d. 

\y\hhudddpd. )xn. old age, senility, i. 

^\iy} budddpanf) 

\jj\h 1%fn?n biddmds a. to drive away, to 

tnm away ; to efface, t. 

^^h budpan^ also budpandy m. old age. d. 
\ih TO huddhd, aged, old ; an old man. 

Imidka^huth an old sinner (a term of ridicule or 
repfosch). buddha-khank, an old fellow. *. 

^^}^Si buddhapanj 

\iii^h ^iprHl budh-(jan()d, the old bed of 

the GangiM, where it has shifted its stream. K 

\^S> wfT^ hadkiyd, m. a disrase affectinp: 
"lajrir-rane, Indian corn, ic. which prevents the head 
from shooting, h. 


Ufc JO jftin budh%ydy\ 
"a '^"^ ru an old woman. 

4^JJ wA ^t<(^, J 

«3\«3j bi'zdti'hh of itself, independently, by its 
own essence, personally, a. 

i3j fta^r, m. seed, ba^r-gar, a sower, fl. p. 
Jjj 6a^, m. expense, gifl, a portion, a. 
a)(3j bizla, m. a garment for daily use of 

which no care is taken, a. 

ftijj bazla, m. a jest, raillery, pleasantry, a. 
j> ^ fewr, f. Ptidenda fcemin€B, vulva, k. 
j> IR &ar or t?ar, excellent 5 m. bridegroom, 

a son in law ; a boon, a blessing, a choice, a good ; the 
Indian fig-tree; t Aapara^ raeemosu$i conj. but, 
moreover, even. har-dSh gi^er of a choice or bless- 
ing. #. 

J> ^ bavy m. breadth (of cloth), h, 

jy bar, f. bosom. bar*mdmd and bar-hdnknoy 

to boast ; fruit, produce, result ; pren. on or upon. 
bar-ana. Fen. bar-dmadan, to succeed, bar-land, Pers. 
bar-dwardan, to accomplish, to bring to a successful 
issue. bar-anddi^<^fh to overthrow, to vanquish, p, 

j> ^t barr, f. a wasp. A. 

jf barr, m. land, barran ma bahran, by land 

and sea. birr, a fox-cub. a. 
\jf ^ro hard, m. cakes made of pulse-meaj, 

and fried in butter or ghl ; aty. large, great (for bafd). *. 

\j w| burd, bad, worse, burd mdnnd, a. to 

take amiss or ill, as an affront, to bo aifronted or dis- 
pleased, burd hgnd, n. to be unpleasant A. 

used in a 

light half of KQ,ftr. 
ilson. h. 

\j f{^ birrd, m. gram and barley sown in 

the same field, h, 

\j ify burrd, m. the interior cavity of any 

thing, the beUy of a drum, d, 
jU bardhar, abreast, even, level, like, plain, 

uniform, smooth, up to, opposite, equal, exact, accu- 
rate, alike, straight barabar ana, to overtake, bora- 
bar-k., to smooth, to compose, bardbar-hona, to ter- 
minate, to aUow. to suit p. [kind. A. 

jW ^" ^ ^'^^^ ^*^^ bardr, m. collection in 

^ j\j bardbari, equality ; competition, ri- 

"valry. ftara6ori-Jfc., to vie with, to compete with. p. 

\Z>\j> ^Xni bardt, f. the company and atten- 
A^U at a marriage.feast ; the marriage procession. *, 

OV bardt, f. a commission, a warrant, as- 
signment, a letter, a draught a. 
OU bardt, f. the 14th day of the month 

Sha^ban, which is appropriated to the oo"^"'^ »t|^«« 
of ancestors ; this b generally called shabt-barai,q,v. p.a, 

Jb TTOirt bardti, m. an attendant at a mar- 

* riage procession. * #. 

\j ^ barrd, m. a kind of rope 
villaire same on the 14th of the light hi 

village game 
V. Wi 


( 106 ) 

^]jf fro? hirat, m. the embodied spirit, 

name of a king. «. 

^^j} WTOT bardthdf m. a washerman. «. 

^^);} flrcnnTT hirdjnd, n. to be conspicuous 

OP splendid, to enjoy one's self, to live in health, ease, 
content, and independence, s, 

jd\j> baradar or hirddary m. brother, bird- 

dar-parifftxr, kind to friends and relations, baradar- 
i^ffdndagi, profession of fraterntd affection, p, 

A>];«>y barddardna, like a brother, becoming 

a brother, p. 

^'^Jjj^j} barddar-zdda^ a nephew, p. 
iJ^^jj^^ji barddaj^zddiy a niece, p. 
S>;^y barddarif f. relationship, brotherhood; 

adj. brotherly, fraternal, p. 

lS\jf burdda, m, filings, saw-dust, p, 
j\j> bardr, lit. that which brings up, or to 

pass, bardr-i-kdr^ successful accomplishment of an 
affair ; taxation in general, p, 

]j]ji I'^TO bardrd, f. a thong, a rope (parti- 
cularly of a swing), h, 

t>Jl)}j} ^trt" bardriy m. a shareholder paying 

his proportion of the barar taxation, p. 

jj^ bardz^ m. stool, motion, excrement; fight- 
ing (especially in single opmbat). a. 

O*];? 3^?^ ^^'^osy anger, rage ; adj. angry, 

vexed, displeased, d. 
, ^W fWRft birdsu eighty-two. «. 

)\j> bar-dshufta, excited, distracted, p, 
tilSil^ bar-ufiddt fallen off, dwindled away. p. 
9^jJ\j> bar-afroMi^f set on fire, inflamed./?, 
j]^ burdhj the horse or Pegasus on which 

Muhammad went one night from Jerusalem to heaven, 
and'thence returned to Mecca. N.B. Our lexicogra- 
phers, Richardson, and after him Hunter and sundry 
others, will have it that this spirited quadruped was 
an ass ; on what authority I know not a. 

jl\j} barrdhj flashing, shining, brilliant, a. 
^\j> barrdli, f. brilliancy, splendour, a. 

f>^j> fro? birdrriy uneasy, unquiet, agitated. «. 

i^\j> bar-dmadj f. lit. up coming : issue, ex- 
penditure ; informing (more particularly of bribeiy)* 
accusation, bar-dmad hond^ to ascend, appear, come 
forth, p. 

SiXclj^ bar-dmada, m. a verandah, balcony ; 

issue, expenditure, disbursement, p. 
^SSfo\jf bar-dmadif an accuser, p, 

^^\j> bardn, time, turn, vicissitude, d, 

^]jf burrdn, sharp, cutting, cleaving, p. 

^)j} fWHI barrdnd, a. to talk in one's sleep, 

or in a dejirium. A. 


••• * 

^]j> f^irnn blrdnd, strange, foreign ; belonv. 

ing to another, of or relating to another. A. 
^Iff frofT birdndy a. to mock, to jeer or 

jibe, to taunt. A. 

^\j} IWnn bar-dndy n. to succeed, to re- 
main at a disUnce, to keep aloof, to abstain, p, A. 
j}f^y bar-anddz, destroying, upsetting, p. 

i^J^]j} ftrPf^ ^tronaTt^e, ninety-two. $. 

{J^l;^. ^' burans, m. the Rhododendron. A. 

S ly '^G^V^ or WtW bar-dyOy abstinence, p, A. 

^J3^ji bardwardy f. 1 calculating, estima- 

5*>;j]^ bardwarda, m.J ting, considering be- 
fore hand what may be necessary for a feast, &c. ba- 
rdward-k., a. to strike out (of a mustcr-roU) ; to calcu- 
late, to estimate, to carry to account p. 

y^\^ ftro^fff birdyondy a. to vex, to mock. k. 

^j} ^TJ^ bardh (for vardh)y m. a boar; the 

third avatar or incarnation of the deity (amomp the 
HindQs). *. ^ "^ 

viufcl;^ ^kx^ baJTdhafyf. chattering, prating, 
ranting, talking incoherently in one's sleep. A. 

i:)!^];^ WniTO brdhmafiy a Brahman, a man of 
the priest caste among the Hindus. «. 

(^/-^ji WWft brdhmani, f. wife of a Brah- 

**man, a female of the Brfthman caste. s» 

r ) (i; » fr j^ Wmi^ brdhmanetd, m. a young 

Brahman. «. 

*AM>I;^ "arwai brdhmanyay m. the Brahman 

sect, Brahmanism ; the state or quality of a Brahman.1. 

'b^)ji^ «fTCT brdhmyay m. the worship or ve- 
neration of BrShmans; astonishment, brahmsfa^mm- 
hurt, the dawn of day, from two to four gharis before 
sunrise. *. [cane. A, 

(^];? W^Ilft bardht, a small species of sugar- 
*^ljf y^ 2>ttra,i, f. mischief, badness, evil. 

bttrd,t par uthnd, ok kamar bdndhnd, to resolve on 
mischief A. 

t^y_ bardyCy for the sake of, on account of. 

bara,e iftyr o posh, " for the purpose of food and cloth- 
ing— a kind of settlement of property on a pervou for 
life, not transferable, o. 

kJ y barayXy f. name of a species of grain. A 

b^ bardyd (pi. of *^j), creatures, people, 
nobles, a. 

:hj> bar-bddy thrown away, given to the 

wind, destroyed, laid waste, ruined. bar^bad-k„ or bar 
Mrf-rf. to cast away, to misapply, to lavish or squander. 
bar-bdd-h,, to be squandered, p, 

cl^ barbaty m. a sort of bean. d. 

\jyj> burburd m. (for bulbuld), a bubble, h. 

^jyj> n<^K\ barbart, f. a large kind of goat 

(from Barbary). h, 

\J^ji TTW barbas, m. strength, vigour, 

prowess, bravery. *. 

Vj? ( 107 ) 

\o^ harhait a species of late or barp. g. 
^^^ ^nn«f barban, a north wind* A. 

^^jf 3^91 bur^loy scurrilous, abusive. A. 
Umm^ J 4<*ll4li]l harhkanycLy or WWf5HX(T 6wr- 


I •«• 

Uotfya, affbcted. an old penon wLo afiecU the man- 
aenofjoaUx. A. 

Iv bar-pa^ on foot, erected, estabtisbed • 

Aor^w-Jb.. Pera. har-^-dashtan^ a. to pitch, to raise, to 
•et on foot, excite ; bar-pd hotta or rahnd, to be or re- 
miin established. A. 

Cy WW bmtf W?5f barat^ or W^ 6oW, m. a 

Isst, a TOW, a meritorious act, rite, or penance ; use ; 
port, flaming, blazing, s. 

Cy Mi birt, a right, costom, privilege, h. 
CJj> ^RV baraty a disease which affects rice 

crops ; a leathern girth or large cable ; the rope at- 
tsdicd to the backet of a well. A. 

CJj> wfir britiy m. a proxy in the performance 

or religions duty. t. 

Cy ^[f% britti (corruptly bart\ f. a stipend, 
a penrion, income, estate, means of liyelihood. «. 

13^ ^^?n bariUy that which has been used, h, 
^j> ^^birtd, m, purpose, substance, power.f. 

\3^ finiT britaf m. a grant generally of land 

to a religions person, or to a tenant on certain stipu- 
Istkms. A. 

^^.^TVnn bartana, a. to distribute, to cause 

to be used; m. old clothes. A. 

^^j> W^f^ brittdnt or britdntf m. account, 

nsmUkm, stoiy ; intelligence or news; circumstance, 
mode. ». 

ji>C*iG^ WHninnft britant-^attar, the re- 
OQid of a decision given by a ptmehayet, «. 

fj! hartar, higher; exellent, superior, p. 
ijj^j> bartari, f. eminence, superiority, p. 
\jJj> ^Tif9 bartushj land sown with sugar- 

esneslter a rice crop. A. 

{J^j} ^itHTH bartamdriy the present tense in 

gnmmar ; exiatent, present ; commenced or set in. t, 

^ji Wtif or "WXIR bartan, ro. a dish, plate, 
ke^ tttensUs, ▼essel. bason. A. [fleet. A. 

^j> WTiRT baratndy a. to consider, to re- 

w^ ^k^ bartndy a; to use, A. 

\^jt ^iH«il baratnt or bartanl, f. ortho- 

"grtphj. A. [of Jungles. A. 

4y ^T^ barathy land situated in the midst 
WjJ hrita, m. (v. briia), a grant of land,&c. h. 
^j> ^[t|T hrithdy or T[^ brat ha (for vritha), 

abortire, Tain, in vain. «. 

J,j> inh brattj m. one who fasts ^ adj. en- 

fpged in the performance of a vow or penance, t. 

f^ f^Tilft btrdy ro. name of a plant (a spo- 

** des of Panicnm). A. 

^j> r^lTH^I birtiyd, a tenant who holds his 

lands on a fixed unalterable annual assessment. A. 
jXjlSJJ^ barr'titar,m. the Indian grouse, com- 
monly called rock partridge. A. 
mrj> Wf bruj (or burj)y m. a cable, a large 

track rope, (a small one being called gun). A. 

fTji ^^VJy ™- ^ bastion, a tower ; a sign of 

the sodiac, a constellation, a. 
>^j> Hlf brajy m. a name of a district, con- 

teining the several villages of Mathura, Gokul. Brin^ 
davan, &c., about 1 68 miles in circumference, celebrated 
as the land where Krishna passed his youthful days. 
brqj-btuit an inhabitant of Brajt an armed attendant. 
braj-bhasha or bhakhd, the dialect of Hindi spoken in 
the district of Braj, «. 

\^j} bar-jof in place, true, accurate, right, pm 
UL>J YCirilTOT barjatiydy m. an innocent 

kind of snake. A. 

\Jfrrt ^rt^ buTJarty f. a term of abuse ap- 
plied to a woman, such as brimstone, strumpet, &c. A. 

9l**^j> barjastay right, proper, opportune, 

exact, d propos, prompt, p. [hibit A. 

li?-^ ^fnnn barajndy a. to forbid, to pro- 
ii^*;;^ W'C'frt6a»V<w7,marriageable (a girl).*. 
i^j> burjiy f. a small tower or turret (the 

"cutwater to the pier of a bridge), a. 

U»-^ On^Olim birjiyd, one of the subdivisions 

of oAirt, q. v. A. 

^/^j> birjiSy the planet Jupiter, p. 

*j»-J barcha^y m. (v.6arc/t/i5,&c.),a8pear. p, 

ij>-j> ftWf birchaUy m. a kind of flour made 

from the fruit of the ber tree {Bhamnut jujuba). A. 

Jl^p "^V brickchk (for ^n vrikska)y ra. a 

tree in general, a plant. t» 

^^j> wkt barchhdy m. la (long, slender) 
i^^j> WipT barchhiy f, J spear, a javelin. 

'^barcfthdt barchhe, or barchhi-bardar, a spearman. A. 

(JA^^j^ IVtfOT birchhiky m. (for vrischik)y a 
scorpion ; the sign of the zodiac so called, t. 

iJ!Jjk±^j> i^W barchait, m. a spearman, h. 
^>-J barcki, f. a spear, (v. barchhi)* h. 
Jf>-J bar-hak^, for a certainty, rightful, p. a. 
^j barkh or ftiVMi little, few, some, p, 
C^u«»\»o barMkdity f. recalling or removing 

from oflice, going away; a breaking up of a court of 
justice, p, 

^^j^^^ji bar-khastany lit. to rise up ; met. to 

go away, to cease, p. 
i^Xi-J bar'iM^ft on *c contrary, p. a. 

C/ ( 108 ) 

^jl^Jt har-^rdf success, enjoyment, p. 

J^'b^jf ^or^rddr, hnppj, enjoying long 

life, prosperity (male children are so called, q. d. en- 
joymg the fruita of life), p. 


harkhfiy a little, few, somewhat p. 
\i^j> barkhiyay the father of Asaf, q. v. a. 
^j> TTOf harad^ m. a bullock, a bull. a. 
^ji 5? ^^rdf m. lit. carrying off, a term used 

at chess when only the king (on one side) remains on 
the board : it is a species of victory, but not sd credi- 
table as checkmate, p. [gjnc h, 

^ji fWK^ hirady m. fame, repatation, pane- 
^j> bard, m. cold, frigidity, frosty weather. 

burd, a kind of striped cloth, burd i ffamam, striped 
cloth of Yaman, or Arabia Felix, a. 

y^ji ^^\K hardar, wide broadcloth. A. p. 
j\i^ hardar, bearer (in comp.); as sonte-har- 

ddr, stick bearer, &c ^vJfike'hwrdar (or more com- 
monly h^JfJcii-bardar), the servant who takes care of 
the hookah, or the luxurious qui hy pipe. p. 

^J^ji bar-dart, act of bearing, means of car- 
riage or conveyance, p, 

OMi ii^y^ bar-ddsht, f. endurance, patience; 

stores, supplies, hardaiht t^na, a temporary store- 
house, p. 

^\*l;> bar-ddshta, raised up, elevated, p. 
{:y^ji ^5,^i«i bar-dan (for vara^ddn), m. a 

wedding-gift to a bride from her betrothed; the 
answer to a prayer addressed to God, or to a saint. «. 

j^Jfj} burdbar, forbearing, mild, patient, p. 
{^j^f^j} burdbdri, patience, forbearance, p, 
t^J^odj> burdmand, productive, fruitful, p. 
^^ burdan (r. bar), to bear, to carry, p. 
^ZS^^j> birdang,']f, a missile weapon shaped 
^J^^j> birdangi,) like a sword-blade, and 

''made of Ivory, horn, or other hard substance. It is 
thrown with the hand, and much resembles the 
" boomerang " of New South Wales. (Binning.) d, 

»S»-j«i^ bar-doMt^a, sewed ; fixed or nailed 
upon, p, 

Zdj> barda, m. and f. a slave, barda-farosk, 

a slave-merchant burda (in comp.) denotes bearing 
or possessing, as nam-burda, named or having a name, I 
the gentleman aforesaid. K 

J^^ji Vyi baradh, m. a bullock. «. 
J^^J T ^ddho, old, aged. »• 

'^^^ ^ffiff briddhi, f. vegetation, increase, s, 

^^y. f%^ biruddha, opposite, opposed to ; 
against, contrary, t, [to be bulled. A. 

UU»3^ <i<^ifli bardhand, a. to cause the cow 

^^j> 'IWn baradhnd, a. to cover or bull 
a cow. A. 

«/<>;? ^T^ bardi, f. a drove of cattle loaded, s. 

^^djf bardl (for bardiy), the papyros. a. 
*^^^ji ^^ bardait, a panegyrist, a bard. h. 
i^Aji ^^ bardaiht, f. compensation for 

"pasture-ground. A. 

'*>;;? ^rai bardd, m.| any kind of sandy, light, 
i^^ji 5^ bardt^ f./ or -stony soil. h. 
\u} ▼d barrd, m. a rope, a cable, h. 
jj> barx, m. a sown field, agriculture, p. 
^jj} barza^ m. interval, bar, partition ; in- 

terval between death and resurrection, purgatory, a. 
UUy barzan, m. a mansion ; a street, espe* 

cially a large and spacious one, a quarter of a town. p. 

Upi y( bris (for vrisha), m. a bull ; the 

sign or constellation Taurus. <. 
U^ji ^T» baras, m. a year; rain, raining. «. 
{j^j> ^nr baras, m. an intoxicating drug 

made of opium. A. IbarsbSy i. 

u^ ^^^ barsd, m. the rainy season (see 
Cj\jMj> ^inr or irim barsdt, rain in gene- 

ral ; f. the rainy season, the rains. #• 
d\^j} "iSinl or Y^fTfft barsdti, f. the name of 

a disorder in horses; the farey; adj. relating to rain. 
bartatlfafl, the rain crop, or what is sown during the 
rams. A. 

^^ji ^T^ff^iIT barsdliyd, a servant en- 
gaged in cultivation who contracts for one yeai^s 
service. A. 

^Ly barsdm, m. the pleurisy ; an inflam- 
mation of the diaphragm, p, 

ULy W%RT barsdnd, a. to shower down ; to 

cause to rain ; to winnow grain. «. 

jUj^ ^ixm barsd,u, raining, rainy season. A. 
fj^ji brispatl (for brihaspatt), m. Jupiter ; 

" Thursday. *. 

tii^j? ^ftra brisckik (or vrishchih), m. a 

scorpion ; the sign Scorpio. #. 

^\Lmj} ^rt^urnp baras-gdnth, f. literally, 

" the year-knot ;" the ceremony of tying a knot oo 
the anniversary birthday of a child : hence it comes to 
denote a birthday, anniversary, t, 

(i;**y ^TR barsan, m. rain, or raining, jr. 

^y^*»j> ^rwn barasnd, n. to rain, to be wet. s, 

li**j;> fTORT birasnd, n. to stay, to remain. A. 

{J^y**ji ^<««ifn baraswdn, anniversaiy, an- 
nual. «. 

bi!y#y ^^.fH 0(111 barsodiyd, a servant en- 
gaged by the year. The word is also written bar- 
aoliya and barsaliya, A. [or rent f, 

{fjy^ji k<^i\ barsaufiy f. an annual tax 

^y^mftbarn, m. annual ceremony in con:- 
"memoration of deceased relations. «. 

Wj} ( 

(jM;> w4 bank (t. baras)f m. rain ; a year. s. 
{^j> ^W hruk (for rmAa), m. a bull ; the 

Mgn or oonstenatioii Taurus, i. [ness. ^. 

{^j> burrishj f. cutting, cleaving; sharp- 

\Z»j> w4t tercAa, or Wlfl barkha (for varf^a), 

f. tbe raiiu, the third aeatoa (of the six), from the 
I5th of JshSfh to the 15th of Bhadfi» rain. «. 

Cj^2»w> ^ilm^ barsha-, barkhd-f or vartha^ 

ritu^ t. the rain j seaaon. «. 

t;--*^^;^ ^^njpf barsftdshafif m. yearly pay 

or saSaiatenoe. t, 

{jiXJ^ ^4nVT9 barska-^ barkhd-, or oarv^a- 

ita/» m. the rainj aeason. t. 

UU»^ ^f^nn barsfiand, a. to cause to rain^ 

toihowerdown; to rain. «. 

«4f^ ^W brUkabh (for vmAo^Aa), a balL $. 

AAi^ birishta, Tried, broiled, p. 

JoJly ^94il^ barsh-hdl or varsk-kalj m, the 

ruDj MMon, the rains. «. C'*'7* '• 

\^^j> ^t^Vnr ftan&ivan, annual, anniver- 
^y^Ji ^V^nnfl ^r«Aattriy f. an annual tax 

orient A. 

U0;> baratf m. tbe leprosy, more especially 

the white-epotted or Maly leprosjr. a. 
^j^jt bar^taraf, aside, apart; dismissed (as 

A pUtot^ ; also as a snbst, discharge ; dismissal from 
office, oar'partrf'k^ a. to dismiss, to discharffO, to turn 
off. bar-pu^-honi, n. to be dismissed, discharged, or 
tamed off. p. a, 

Jf)^ bar-tqrftf f. dismission, discharge* j9.a« 

{jK^y, bar^'aks, on the contrary , in spiteof.jpui. 

C^uP^ ba^a^batf with aridity, eagerly, p. a. 

^"iijf bar^fialannd (for wargiialannd), a. to 
deeeivei to wheedle, kc K 

s^J barf, m. f. ice, snow, barf-panvard, 

ifierbet, Ite. cooled in ioe. p. 

Jty baffi, f. a kind of sweetmeat; adj. iced, 

"oreooledbjmeaQsofioe. p^ 

^ bark, f. lightning. bark*anddz (lit. 

throwing Ughtntng), a matcldockman ; also a watch« 
Baa, goard, or esi»rt. a. p. 

}fjt bQT'-\ardr, firm, fixed, established, p. a. 
»jt burha, m. a dress, or kind of yeil cover- 

isfC the whole bodj from head to foot, with eye-holes 
to it burJpa*'poth, one who wears a Imr^a', a. 

^j> ^ brih, nu a wolf (properly vrikd). s. 

C^^j> barahdt (pi. of CIa^), f. blessings, 

aospidoosneas. bi-barakatt fortunate, prosperous; 
fmtonate in every undertaking, and communicating 
good fortune to every thing one is concerned in; pro- 
ductive of advantage and success, a. 

CJijt harahat, f. a blessing, abundance, pro- 
•perity, autpicionsness ; an inherent prosperity which 
prodncM luocesi or abundance, a. 



C«^ f^lTVir birkaff m. a kind of ascetics 

w^ have relinquished the world ; adj. wearied, di»>- 
gusted with the world, ascetic, s. 

{J:Sj> ipi briksh or vrihsha, m. a tree. i. 
^(\xl!^ bar-kashidan, to pull up, extract. p. 
^^ ^<.V91 barltald, an inferior clan of 

raj-putt. A. 

^ Jj^ bar-kandan, to root up, to eradicate, p. 

bij> birka, m. a pond, a small well, the basin 
of a fountain, a. 

'^Jt 7^ ^T}^% °i* a t'^ (same as brxknK). t. 
^j> i|4 barkh (for varsha)^ m. rain. s. 
l^^. W^h Wlh barkha, f. (see barshd), rainy 

season, kc t, 

isf^^^ji '^k(^^barkhd$an, m. yearly pay. ». 
^4f^^ ^iDf &riA/iaM {iovbrithabh), a bull. $. 
^^j> Wt9^ barahhnd (y. barama)^ to 

rain. t. 

vUj^ w4 &arv7> m* ctn assembly of people of 

one dass, a multitude of similar things ; a class of let- 
ters of the same organ, as the dent^, palatines, &C; 
the square of a number, s. 

vi}j> barg, m. a leaf; knapsack containing 

provisions or necessaries for a Journey ; a kind of 
musical instrument, melody ; a Und of warlike appa- 
ratus, p, 

\ij> ^Tdf bargd, m. a rafter. A. 

cJij> ^IT?nr bargat, m. the Indian fig-tree 

{Fiau Indka). K 

tf^^j> bar-guzida, chosen, selected, p. 

ij, *^.* bar-gashtagi, retrocession, apo* 
"stacy. j9. [apostatised, rebelled, p. 

8jJ^j> bar^oihtay changed, turned away, 
^j> WCnr bitrgan, partition» a share, h. 
tSj> YvfTftar^i, the Marhdtds are so called. s» 
Jj^ ir^)9(ar^eZ, ortolan (^Alauda). h. 
^ ^T9T burld, m. a wasp. A. 
^j> (ki,<fi\ birld, scarce, uncommon, rare, 

wonderful ; delicate, fine, thin. s. 

U^ birmd, m. name of a plant ( Trichosanr 

thes incita), d, [worked with a string, h 

Uj ^Ax barmd, m. a kind of gimlet or borer, 

UleJ ^Jh«n barmand, a. to bore. A. 

UUj fWi.^l«ll birmdnd, ai to stop; to tame, 

to reduce to obedience ; to allure, s. 

J Ujf^rC^nil6trma,«, taming, tamed,allurcd.«. 
cL>U>a;^ f\f^MT7 biiTn-bhat, a subdivision of 

the bhdp (or bard) tribe. K 

^y^jy bar-mahal, one who is appointed to 

the charge of a district, p. a, 

^Le^ Y^<I9T barmaid, public, conspicuous, h, 
llo Ovii|f|l biramnd, n. to stop, to remnin. s» 


( 110 ) 


^^ birma, m. (v. hirma) name of a plant d. 

V^^ W^ barmha, the people of Ava are so 
called, vulgarlj the Bormese. A. 

yy^j> •n^fhfX! harmhotar{{oT VV^Vv brahman 

hotra), a free grant given to Brihmaoa for religious 
porposes. «. 

{^ W5^ harun (for varund), m. the god of 

water; name of a tree {Cratava tapiQ, or Capparit 
tr\foliatd). «. [even, but even, raUier. *, 

^j> Wt or "WKH baraiif conj. moreover, and 
^^ "^ bama, or WW baran, m. colour ; 

a class or caste ; one of the four tribes among HindQs, 
▼iz. 1. brahmanot 2. chhatriya, or kshairiya, 3. vaishya^ 
4. thudra ; a letter of an alphabet ; praise, description ; 
fresh earth carried into hollows by means of water. 
baran-k,, to hire a priest for the performance of a sacri- 
fice or of any religious ceremony. «. 

\j>j> Wnn barandf a small river near Be- 
nares, s, [iiCratava tapia), $, 

\jj> ififll bamd, m. name of a frait-tree 
13^ WtWT bamat n. to bum| to be burnt, h. 
\ij> WT!WT bama, a. to marry. 9, 

K>j} bamd, m. a youth ; adj. joang. bamd 

wa pir, the young and the aged, p, 

ij^j^j} ^^K^i^ barndr-mattxy f. coloured 

''soil of two kinds, one tinged with yellow, the other 
with yellow and white. A. 

^j> biranj (or birinj)^ m. rice ; brass, p. 

iJj\Jj} birinjdri, a grain-merchant^ a camp- 
follower (with gram. &c.), a suttler. p. 
\\^^j> birinj-phal, \m. name of a species 
i^^^kdj) birinj-phulj of rice. A. 
i^j} birinji, made of brass, brazen, p, 
2j> ftrftfti birinchiy or ftftftj biranchi (for 

virinchi or vtroncAo— see bidhata), Brahma, the Deity. «• 

j3j '^brind (for vrinda), m. a heap, a mul- 
titude, a quantity, an aggregation, t. 

\t^j^ ih[T brindd, f. a sacred plant, commonly 

called tulst {Ocymum sanctum,or sacred basil : this shrub 
is said to be a female metamorphosed). #. 

i^\^ji ^WWT brindd-ban, the forest of 

Brindd in the vicinity of Mathura, celebrated as the 
scene of young Krishna** sports with the GopU ; a 
forest of tvln trees. 9, 

lS>j} barandat bearing, a bearer, p, 
r^{i)ji ^^^^ bam-sankar, m. a person of 

a tribe originating in the intercourse of a man of 
one tribe with a woman of another. «. 

ciJ^J ba-rang, in kind^ in the mode or 

manner, p. 


^^tSji W^in^ bam'ffidla, f. an alphabet 
^j> W^f or WMH baman (for vaman), m. 

description, recital, explanation ; praise, baman-k,, to 
extol, to praiue ; to describe, to explain, t. 

\a^j> w4wt bamand or baranndf a. to describe, 

praise, t. 

(J,j} WU^ or UmI baranx, f. an eye-lash. bamly 
an advance made for cultivation or mannfactnie. J. 

ijj> fWMl ^tmi, f. a wasp ; a small grain. A« 
^j> W^ barOy name of a high jnngle-grass. 

ftarti, the kalam or reed used in writing; a tube, con- 
duit, or canaL A. 

Vj^ ftn^ birrvdf m. a plant, a tree ; the 

labourer employed at the basket used In raising water 
for the purpose of irrigation, h. 

by* ^1^^ banvd, f. name of a nigini in mo- 

sic, by which deer and serpents are said to be tamed. 
baru,d, a soil consisting of sand and €^j, k, 

j^jj} ^nC^IT barmdr, name of a class of people 

engaged in cleansing and selling rioe. A. 

{J^^3ji f^TI^Tl^ bimodhx^ f. an orohard. Wr- 
to make an orchard ; to indoe* with m 



^i^X>\jj> m^J'n bar7Dd,ekf name of a class 

of hereditary dumkl-dari, or watchmen, near the Se- 
walik hills. A. [bardbar.) p. 

Jt^jt barobar, even, breast to breast (See 
^^jf^^^^bi-rupf disfignred, ngly. birup-h.^ 

to l>e disgraced. «. 

Oj^ barut, f. whiskers, moustaches, p. 
Oj^ WTWW barwat, f. a kind of snake. A. 

tS^9j} ^T'^l^ baroihx, name of a tribe of 
"oAirj, in the MynpQr districts, (v. oAir). A. 

cL^^ ^X^ barwaty m. a tumour in the 

belly. A. [washerman ; a vestibule. A. 

^3ji W^^ barothd or ^T^hn barautha, m. a 
frjji ^^^HJ (pl« o^ 7rjf)f bastions, towers, 

odestial signs, more particulariiy those of the lodiae. a. 
CJdjj} burudat, f. coldness, chilliness, a. 

0^^j^j} OlOw birodh (for virodh), m. quarrel, 

enmity, contrariety, opposition. «. 

^j^d^jf fwd^ birodhif quarrelsome. «. 
C>5jj^ bar-waht, in time, ^ 2a 6onn« A^re, 

seasonably, opportunely, p, a, [absence «. 

vl/jj^ fV^T 6»?'o^ (for virog), m. separation, 
(^jj> CiOmH birogan, m. sickness from the 

absence of a beloved object ; a^J. 1 separated, dla- 
tressed from separation. «. 

tjjij} f^fPf^ bij'oglf a separated or distressed 

"lover; a4j* separated, s, C(*oi]). p, 

Jj^ej p baruniand, fortunate, happy ; fertile 
U^ji ^^^^^ (S^^ berun), also burun, without, 

outside, external, p, 

\^^jj> 'wft^n baraundhdj m. cotton-land. A. 


( 111 ) 


l^jj^ wd|p baronkka, m. a species of eagar- 

cane with long thin joints. A. 

ljj> ^<ff barrohf a name given to tbe uplands 

00 tbe right banks of the Jumna, barwa, m. the name 
of a hird that feeds on fish, h, 

^3ji ^^ barme, a kind of measure or ca- 

doiee in laoguage. k. 

\ji f^Rf birah, m. separation^ absence (espe- 

dallj that of loyers). #. 

tj> f^\x birrap m. grain and barley sown to- 
gether in the aame field. K 
lj> harOf also barra^ a lamb^ a kid or fawn * 

the sign Ariea. horrah, on the road; provisiona for 
a journey. ^ 

^j> ^IIT barhuy m, a channel for the passage 

of vater from a well to a field, or from one field to 
aootber ; a field where cows feed ; a rope or string. «. h. 

^j> ^ burhoy wicked, bad. h. 

^j> f%lfT birkd, m. separation, parting, ab- 
sence (especially of lovers), a kind of song peculiar to 
mshermcn. «. k. 

^j> burkdn, m. demonstration, proof, a. 
^^j> ftrsnil birhdna, m. land in which cu- 

linaxy herbs are produced. A. 

{J^j> barhdyi (v. barka^), m. a carpenter. A. 
^ tmqf if brihagpati (for vrihaspatt), a 

name of the spiritnal preceptor of the Devataa, cor- 
responding to the Thor of the Northmen, and the Ju> 
Siter of the ancient Greeks and Romans ; the planet 
opiter; Thursday. ». 

^C^j> ^^wrH^K^r{Aai[;>a/t-2»ar, m.Thur8- 

day; Lief /0Vtt. #. 

jy WV brahm or Brahma, m. God ; the 

att-perrading, the divine cause and essence of the 
vorld, from which all things are supposed to pro- 
eeed, and to which they return ; spirit, the very soul. 
^alohiutra, a fabled weapon which deals infal- 
lible destruction to those against whom it is dis- 
cfaar^. ftroAma-frAq;'. feeding of Broh mans, hrahma- 
fira^ m. a kind of poison ; the Burampooter river; a 
plaoe of pilgrimage, probably the source of the stream. 
^dtma-putriy f. the Saraswati river. brahma-tatwOt m. 
the true knowlcd|;e of the Supreme Spirit, brahma-iwci^ 
VL Godhead, brahnm-jantna, m. second or spiritual 
birth, investiture. brahma-ddru, m. the mulberry 
{Moms Indica). brahma-darbftd^ f. a plant {Ligiuticum 
^waen). brahma-dandt m. a curse, an anathema. 
orakaurdaityay an apparition, Satan, ghost, brahma 
raktiuu^ a kind of ghost or demon, brahma-ratrit a 
iU|!;ht of Brahma, comprehending 1000 yugas or ages 
of the gods, said to be equal to 216,(^00.000 ages of 
Biortals. brakma-swctrOpj of the nature or essence of 
^ Godhead. brahmO'Sesh, the leavings of BriUimans. 
orahma-shauatf m. an edict or grant, &c. addressed to 
Biihnuins. brahma-gya, m. one who has spiritual 
*isdum. brahma'gmtt, m. spiritual wisdom, divine 
knowledge. braJimO'lokt m. a division of the universe, 
the eternal residence of the spirits of the pious. 
proAna-ntrwoff, m. absorption into the Supreme Be- 
iM. hrahma^vadlt m. a follower of the Vetlanta system 
« philosophy, one who maintains all things are 
•ptrit; an ezpouuder of the Vedas. brahma-hatya, 
the murder of a Brahman ; sacrilege, braf'ma-hatydra, 
(f*m* t). one who is guilty of the murder of a 
Brahman. «. 

jj^ bar-katfiy confuted, entangled, spoiled ; 

angrv, vexed, sullen, bar-ham darhamt entangled, con- 
fused, topsy-turvy, ^ar^tn-zaa, an exciter of quarrels, 
an embroiler. bar-ham-zanh embroiling, putting a stop 
"to, interfering, preventing, bar-ham-zoulan, to embroil; 
lit. to strike together, p. 

U^ 'Sntt brahma, m. (see vidhdtd), the 

Deity in the character of Creator, or matter personi- 
fied, t, 

^jd\^j} WBt^ hrahmadaya, m. any grant 
or perquisite bestowed on a Brahman. «. 

SA^j> 'Snrnif brahmdnd, m. the top of the 

head ; the mundane egg (of the Hindus) ; the globe, 
the world, s. 

SuA^j WVT^ brahmdntra, m. a fabulous 
weapon, said to be the gift of Brahma, t. 

^^\^jf ltWfff^ bfohmdsan, m. a posture 

suited to devout meditation. «. 

>j^\^j>m[m%brahmdwartta, m. the coun- 
try to the north-west of Delhi, lying between the 
rivers Saraswati and Drishadwati. «. [mdttra), s. 

^Ix^ib^ f|i|'i||f| brahma-bdn (same as brah- 

i^j^^^ji Wnnft?lft brahma-chdrint, f. a wo- 
man leading a life of continence, s. 
{Sj^^ji ^V^lO brahma-didri, a religious 

student, a Brahman, from the time of his investiture 
by the sacerdotal thread till he becomes a house- 
holder; a person who continues with his spiritual 
teacher studying the Veda, a pandit^ an ascetic. By 
the iantratt this name is assigned to persons whose 
chief virtue is the observance of continence, and it 
ia assumed by many religious vagabonds; the life 
led by a young Brahman before he becomes a house- 
holder, s. 

s^j^j> mni^ brahma-cha^ya or brahma^ 

charjt the profession or way of life of a Brahma- 
chart, s, 

j^*^r^ji ^U^HI brahma-randhra, m. the 
aperture at the crown of the head, t, 

\j}^^j> 49lc^i| brahma-lok, m. the world 

of Bndima, the regions above. «. 
{2T^ji '^nBTrf brahman, ra. a HindQ priest, a 

Brahman, or one of the sacerdotal caste. ». 

lisj-^^ju^ ^r^rarvftinn brahmana-bhojand, f. 
distribution of food to Brahmans. s, 

fv^j} "SJOTft brahmam, wife of a Brahman j 

a4j. of or relating to a Brahman, s. [man. s. 

\jjx^j> "ifV^TT brahmanetd, son of a Brah- 

9j1^^j> MH^iM brahma-hatya, m. the murder 

of a Brahman. #. 
tg^ji barhami, confusion, sullenness. p. 

^Jt f^^5*f birhan or birahan, (a woman) 

suffering the pangs of love from the absence of her 
lover, a female lover whose beloved one is absent, s. 

ioJbj^ barahnagt, f. nakedness, p. 


( 112 ) 

«jjb^ barhana or barahnaj naked, harakna- 

pa, bfurefooted. p* [separation* &c «. 

^^^ib^ birahnif f* (t. 2^VAan)y sickness from 
^J>J> fro^ 6trAt (for vtraAi), m. suffering the 
pang! of love, separate from one's love, t, 

^J>j> ^^ barht, m. a peacock, s, 

** .» 

^j> (k<P^m birhiyuf amorous, sensual; suf- 
fering the pangs of love. t. 

%fij> ^X^ barkela, \ 

.i -V C_ , , ,- fm. a wild hog. #. 

^j^ ^t^n barkela,) ** 

ijjy "Wtt bari, f. quicklime; a dish made of 
pulse ; a wedding garment, or wedding gilts in gene- 
ral, carried in procession ; it also denotes the marriage 
ceremony and wedding diay ; a^j. strong, poweilnL «. 

i^j> bari, acquitted, free, clear. barz-dasIUan, 
to exempt ; (in law) a defendant released by the plain- 
tiflT from the demand against him. barrt, connected 
with land in opposition to water, a, 

^j> bare (for bare)y at last ; however, p. 

i^j> yflP burrXf f. sowing hy dropping seed 

from the hand into the farrow, instead of sowing broad- 
cast or with the drilL h, 

{fj> WT^ barttyX, or T|^ barai^ m. a seller of hetel 
leaf, a cultivator of beteL A. 

jOj> m^\K baryar or Wft^ITt bariyoTj 
strong, violent; hence, rich or fertile (soil), s. 

]}^ji W^mU baryara or Wftmn bariyard, 
strong, violent ; ra. a medicinal herb so caUed. «. 

(i)^y biryaUy fried, roasted, broiled, parched, . 

grilled, biryan tatbian, to try. /). 

lO^;? fMt^T biriyan, f. time, space of time. A. 
^b J bii'ydntf f. name of a dish made of flesh 

** and rice. p. 

i^.j! ^rfri^T^ bariydyt, f. boast, exultation, s. 
\^Lj W^ baretkdf m. a washerman. A. 
t*)^j> W^T«I barethan, f. a washerwoman, h. 
^j> wtlf bare}, m. garden for the cul- 

\jij> I^WT barejdy * tivation of the be- 
Mgp irt;if: bareja^^ tel. h, 
\^j) ffrlhlT birijdy m. Oalbanum, s, 
^jh'fAi y*^^^ buri'Chufiy f, the screech 

(i)^.j? burtdan, to cut, clip, cleave, p. 

St^Ji J burida, cut, clipped; a field cut by 
stealth by a cultivator, p. 

\jlj Tif^TT barer oLy m. a wasp. h. 
jji J l> J bireZ'-bireZf overcome by, and yield- 
ing to misfortune, or to an enemy, p. 

(j^^ '^9^ barUf m. a year (v. baras), <• 

gfpj^V "wtfW baresirt, a tribe of inferior 
raj-putt, A. 

J^ji baretkm (for JL>,j>\)y silk. p. 

^,j> 'fttf baraifiy f. a (female) seller of betel 
leaf, or rather cultivator of beteL A. 

^j>j> barxn, on high, higher, sublime, p. 

^^4^^ ^T^fn barehtd, land of the third qua- 
lity ; also a plot of land on which sugar-cane has been 
lately grown, h, 

ji ^ bar, m. the large Bengal fig*tree {Ficus 
BengaUtuu), also called the baniySn tree. «. 

V ^ bar (contraction of bard), great, lai^, 

^Qsed in comp.) as bar-bola, a noisy talkative peraoii. 
bar-hfiaku,a, a blockhead. bar-pet&» big-bellied ; a great 
eater; greedy, avaridoua. A. 

J> 3? bur, f. Vulva foeminea. h. 

\^ WIT bard, large, great, old, senior, prin- 
cipal; it is often used adverbially in the aense of 
*' very, exceedingly." har& bha,o, money borrowed at 
a very high interest, bara miydii, a form of address to 
an elderly person — venerable or honoured Sir. bara-k^ 
a. to enlarge, to exalt or promote ; to extinguish, to 
put out (a lamp, && — to use the direct phrase la 
esteemed unlucxy). bara rasta pakapid, to enter on 
the long journey, to die. bare pef wdla hand, to be 
patient s. [ment. A. 

3^ ]ji WT1)l1W6ara-&Aa,o,~a kind of appraise- 

l>55> Wtim bardpd, 1m. grandeur,d]gnity, 

j^j5> WfPR bardpanj elevation, great- 
ness. A. [with grain or merchandiae. A. 

j1/? ftrny birdr, f. a drove of bullocks laden 

K>\ji WITWT burdnd, a. to cause to sink, h* 

131^ WTRT bardnd, a. to speak in a dreara or 
in delirium, tb talk incoherently in one's sleep, k, 

j\j} bardo (for barkd,o), m. increase, &c. A. 
_lb|^ &ara/u,^m. a carpenter: thisisaDak- 
Cf]ji bard,t, J ham corruption of iarAa,t. A. 

i^\jy YIT^ bard,i, f. greatness; boasting, ba- 

rd,f.A., to extol ; to boast, to vaunt; to magnify, ha- 
rdji-^endt to honour, t. 

jiji W1W¥ barbar, f. muttering; the light* 
headed talk of a person in a delirium, t 

]H^ JI^ffT burburd (v. bulbuld), m. a 

bubble, d. 

barbardnd, a. to mutter, to 

chatter nonsense, to talk light-headedly. A. 
^)jiji barbardt, 1 f. muttering in one^s 
cLJb\^^ barbardhat, \ sleep, as in a fit of 
i^^Vji barbardft, J delirium, s. - 

\^j> ^SWHi^l barbar iy a, m. a chatterer, a 

mutterer. A. 

^^ji '^t^^ barpan, 1 m. greatness, gran- 

U^^ ^'nn barpand,) dcur, superiority, 
adult state. A. 


( 113 ) 



" kifte pta- tatta pom f for what purpoee do you call for 
hot water? a proverbial expresuon applied to a man 
who has not done hk matrimonial dnty over night, h. 

Jv hara^ f. (for harhii)^ increase, advaDce- 
' meat, niooefls, promotion* «• [c^d. h. 

dj>j) V^f^ burchodf m. a scoundrel, ras- 
5^ burur, m. a basket-maker or a mat^ 

miker d. [thing falling, d. 

\ik> wnr burak (also buruk), noise of any 

%y WT*T barhd (same as bara)y large; elder 

(brother or fOD> *. [cylinder of masonry. *. 

^\i^j} ^^yiM barkuyan^ a well without a 

^fwnrt WrAi,f. (v. birar), a drove of bul- 

"lodu, Sec. A. 

sL£ji WIT? bar-gat, the Bengal fig-tree. s. 

jfSj} WfJiTC bar-gujarf one of the thirtj- 
■b loyal rMss of raj-puts. A. 

(V^ WfW 5tf ram, the noise of water, d. 
^ ^T^ 6arna (for barhna), n. to enter. A. 

!j§ ^nWT bapca, f. a mare; the nymph As- 
vhd or the asteriam designated by a horse's head. «. 

C^ij? f t^ ' fin barwagnUm. submarine fire. $. 
*^fy W ^l *<l l ^ani^afTitiAA, m. submarine 

fire; the infernal regions. 9, 

JiS5>Wf^T5|^ ^^r'^^S"**'*™- submarine fire; 

ia mythohwy, a being consisting of flame, but with 
the ^< d <Ma mare who sprang from the tlilghs of 
Unri, and was received by the Ocean. ». 

Jj«> ^jhft &aroti,f. progre9sion,advancing. o?. 
\^^ irtin ftarvnMa, m. a kind of sugar- 

esoe with long Joints. A. 
^^J> ^(fPIT burhapa^ m. old age. A. 

^^^3> ^^W l *ll barha Idna, a. to bring for- 

ymn, to lead on (an army), h, 
^^j> TO5IT barkand, a. to increase; to 

kncthen ;* to malce advance ; to raise, to promote ; to 
etSignish; to shut up (a shop); to remove the table- 
doth snd eatables, &c. «. 

J ^J? ^^ barhdfO, m. advancement, pro- 

loBgation, increase, promotion, s. 

^j^j> ^fOTIT barhdwd, ro. population ; excite- 

BMnt, flattery. «. 

^3^5? harhdwan, a round cake of cow-dung 
OMdas a dtarm against the effect of the evil eye. A. 

i/\i^j> barltdfif f. advancement, increase, &c. 

(v.%fta,o). a 

\j>^^j> X^^n burh-bhaSf one who aflects in 

qU sge the manners of youth, k. 

lijj ^fWT harhidf m. 1 increase, overplus, 
jl^Jj Xpn barhtt, f. / promotion,advance- 

Ji^J? ^f?^ or WS^ barhal, m. a sweet and 

add fruit of yellowish red. and nearly round. A. 

^^J> Wyf barhan, f. a carpenter's wife (see 

bajrhOti). s. 

\SSb^ WS^ barhnd, n. to increase, to go on, 

to proceed, to exaggerate, to grow, to rise, to swell, to 
be promoted. «. ibarhta), 

C^'p innir barhant, f. increase, Ac. (v. 
^ji TO'ft barhm, f. a broom ; advance made 

for cultivation, or manufacture, or contract. A. 

\^Jf ipsm burhwdy old, advanced in years. 8, 
y^ji W?^ barhotar, m. 1 interest ; pro- 

^J^ji ^f^'f^ barhotariy f. J fit, advantage, 

increase, h, [puto near Benares, h. 

Uybjfj ^^ir^g^ l barholiyd, a branch of raj- 

Jfji if^ ftar/ii, profits (same as barhotari). k. 

iJ^J? ^wt barha ^y m. a carpenter. *. 

an old woman* k» 

;jj>^burhx, 1 ^ 

Ul^ 'ri^pn barhiydf name of a kind of sugar- 
millstone extracted from the Chunar quarries; a spa- 
des of pulse ; a grain measure of one tir. h, 

^if^Ji^fimbarhiydf high-priced, costly; name 

of a smaU clan of raj-fuU, K 

\jj^ Y^ilT barhaiydy name of a species of 

pulse ; also a grain faieasure of about one nr. hofktat 
a species of sugar-millstone from the quarries of 
Chiuar. h. 

b jJb^ wftin barhej'iyd, one of the sub- 
divisions of the cAoiaor caste, h. [swine. A. 

^^ji '^fj^ ^^ W^%^ barkeld, m. a wild 

(jrb burrlf sowing seed by dropping it by 
"the hand into the furrow, d. [*»"«)• «• 

</J? Wrt, bart, f. a dish made of pulse (see 
ijrjfbartj f. a fireball made of charcoal for 

"the ^(a (also calM the ^0. d. 

(•^ ^5? ^rfpn^i? bariyd bhum, a rich and 

*^ fertile soil. A. *" 

^U« (K^ XViMi bare miydn, m. an old man ; 

great sir, addressed to an old man. A. 

^ ;:*• (x^J^ W?^^ ft^RT baryaun men 

milnd, to associate with elders, to be grown up. d, 

y> buz, m. a he-goaf, buz-dil, a coward, p* 
j> bazz, m. fine linen, a. 

U> bazd, name of a species of bird. A. 

\j> bazar, m. (for bdzdr, q. v.) a market. />. 

*jU> bazzdz, a clolh-merchant, mercer, a. 

\\\j> bazzdzd (also bazzdza and bazzdzutdn), 
the doth market, a. p. 

j<;jU> bazzdzi, f. trade of mercer, haber- 
dashery, the business of a draper, a. p. 



)j> ( 114 ) 

^^\j> hazdn (for had az^n), afterwards, after, d. 
JOj> hazhdz, a kind of spice, mace, nutmeg, p. 

j^^jjt huzutjmihry the famous minister of 

Natuhlrwan. king of Persia, who lived in the lizth 
century of oar sera. p. 

^^^j>, huzurg^ a grandee, a great man ; a saint; 

an elder, an ancestor ; acy. great, venerable, p, 

i^jji htizurgdn (pi*), grandees; doctors, 

saints, sages, p, 

9^^jU> huzurgdna^ like a grandee,&c., nobly./?. 
^C^ffjji buzurg^zada, of a noble race. p. 
JlM»bl/i}> &uzur^-«ai,aged,strtcken in years.j>. 
^jLU ^jji huzurg'tnanish, noble-minded, p. 
j^yjji huzurgwcLTy ancestor, saint, sage. p. 
Kj^^jji huzurgwdn, f. grandeur, reverence, 

highness, nobility, p, 

^Sjj> buzurgt, f. grandeur, exaltation, great- 

"ness ; reverence, respectability, p. 

«S\pJ^ huzf/uda^ m. a kid, a young goat. p. 

«h> hazkif m. a jest, a bon mot. a. 

Mj> hazm, f. assembly, company, especially 
at a feast or entertainment, p. 

j^j> ba-zor, by main force, on compulsion, p. 

i\> baza, m. a sin, a crime, baza-kdvy a cri- 
minal, a sfamer. p, 
(juJ inifta*, m. opportunity, advantage, power, 

authority, bas-dnd, to be obtained, to come into one's 
power. bas-k,t a. to overpower, to bring to submis- 
sion, s, 

{j»*i f^ bis (for vish^, m. venom, poison of 

reptiles {aconitum ferox)^ && ; met. it is sometimes 
applied to bitter things. hi$-dhar, a snake. «. 

^i*o bas, enough ; plenty ; very, a great many. 

bas-k,t a. to stop, to seize, to put an end to. az bos 
kh inasmuch as, whereas, p, 

L^ basdf much, very, basd-buzurg, \eTj 

great, very noble, basa au^ai, generally, mostly, fre- 
quently, p. [estate, a. 

OLm^ bisdt (for bisdt), f. means, capital stock, 
^ImJ bisdti (for bUd^), one who sells every 

** Jdnd of thing, a pedlar, a hal>erda8her. a. 

jUm^ f^irrc bimr, loan of seed upon the stipu- 
lation of ample repayment after harvest, h, 

\3.L-3 f^HKHI bisdmd, a. to forget. *. 
^Lm^ bisdt, f. bedding, carpeting, bisdti sha^ 

tranjt a chess-board, bisaj^i bdxJ, a play-board in ge- 
neral ; means, capital, stock, &c a, 

^9L*o &ii(a/i,adealer,pedlar,a haberdasher, a. 
Ij^U^o rHH\9\bisdkkd^ f. the name of the 16th 

mansion of the moon. «. 

^y^ f%TIT9 bisdl, great, lofty, extensive, s. 

^L^ f^vni bison, f. an oS&mve smell (as of 

fish, onions, &c). k, 

^^Um^ borsdn, like, resembling, p. 

uLmJ ^VMI basand, a. to people, to colonise, 

to bring into cultivation, to settle (a country), to 
build (a city, &c). s. 

uLmO fwilT«n bisatid (for hi^hncL), a. to pur- 
chase ; (for bitranS) to cause to Icnget, to mislfml A. 

> j3L»^ fWVhf bisdndk, f. evil odour, a stink. A. 

4^jLm^ ^mifO bcudwari, f. ground-rent, 

rent paid by viUagers who do not occupy any of thi 
village lands, h. 

sImJ ftnT^ bisdh, f. purchase, buying. A. 

U^Um> ftnrTf«n bisahm, a. to bay, to par- 
chase, h, 

^VmJ Ov^Al^fl bisdhan, 1 f. stink, fetid- 
(XI^UmJ Of 91 ff «<l bisdhind, i ness. A. 
^jJibU*; Olllir^v^l bisdhindd, fetid, stinking, k 
^ JjjLmJ Ot^pAy bisdyandh or hisd,endh, £ a 

stink. A. [dweUing. k 

0**Vi„/^ ^Tl'WTV bas-bds, m. a house, a 
»M»\x»m} basbdsa, m. mace, the envelope of the 

nutmeg, a. 

\_'y ^ ba'sabab, by reason of, on accoant 

of p. a. [our " Pttsa, Pusi." A. 

{j^ fjt^ bis-bis, the call made to a cat, like 
ULjUmJ (Vfuf^^Ttn bisbisdndf n. to yield a 

sound as in the fermentation of putrefying vegeCsMe 
or of vinous liquors. A. 

Cj^ bast (in comp. — for basta), bound, 

shut, frozen. 6m/ (for btst), twenty, p. 

Ca^.) W^ bast or 5a«fu (for vcuto), f. thing, 

matter, substance ; chattels, things, baggage, bfuat* 
inhabited, cultivated (land). «« 

ULj bastd, m. the cloth in which a bundle 

is tied up ; a bundle, a parceL p* 

^IjLj bustdkhf impudent, rash, andacioos. p. 
jIjLmJ fiiirili bistdr, m. abundance^ prolixity, 

diffusion, s. 

U^IjLj P ^ mim &t«<ama, a. to spread out, 

to extend, to difiUse. $. 

^j\l^ (^lUlO ^tffari, ample, diflFuse. s» 

^\jL^ 2)ti5<an (for bustdn), m. a flower- 
garden, p. 

i^IjL.^ 2rtp(<ani, relating to a flower-garden, p* 
yL^ bistar, m. bedding, carpeting ; a i)ed, 

&c. p. 

jjL-j W^ ^a«/ar (fori?a*/ra),cloth, garnoents. * 
Uu^ ^^SffT bastrd, m. the name of a plan* 

{Calllcarpa Americana), h, 

tyuJ bistard, a bed, &c., peculiar to/aAir<> 

tlieabodeofa/olrir. p. [stipation. ^ 

^Joum^ bastagi, f. binding, contraction, con- 

( 115 ^ 

J bastan (r. band), to bind, shut. p. 
J basianl, f. a cloth for binding together 

' bandies of paper, books, ink-stands, &c. p. 

«^ J sZ^km,} hoMt'ihband, an agreement, set- 

dement p. 

^5L-> 1^^ hutu,x, I |. ^ , 

, #« -J , . . « Vf. a lizard, k, 

byuJ TW^;^ btstu,tya,) 

ijL»> friutoy m. cloth in which any thing is 
folded np^ a puoel, a bundle (see hattS), p. 

jmJ WlA basth f- an abode, a Tillage, a 

' peopled place, populatioii. «• 

iW bussad or busadd, coral and its root. p. 
Jy^J fro^ ^iMu2, white, pare, clean, s, 
\^Xm> ^ipn basudhd, f. the world, the earth, s. 

jm> ha-sar, at, or to, an end. ba-sarana, to 

eosse to an end ; to succeed, to get away from, ba-sar 
jmii, to be finished, tP pass awaj. ba-sar-k,, to bring 
to an end, to execnte ; to pass (one's days), bt^-ior 
k-jiaa, to finish, to execute, to acquit one's self of; 
to oatstiip. basar-hona, to be finished, to vie with or 
nnL ba^ar amadan, to excel, to be pre-eminent, ba- 
tar bm-dim, to finish, borsar-iikudan, to be finished, p. 

jm> ftilt biaOTy m. 1 forgetfnbiess, obli- 

^\jmi ftnrn;? bisrat, f. J vion. <• 

J^ fmnf bisram (for vuAram), m. pause, 

s stop, a point in writing ; rest, bisram Una, to rest, 
to pass tne night (particularly used by wandering 
ftt^s). «. [to forget, to mislead, s. 

^\j>m> Pmu^l bisranaf a. to forget, to cause 
Cj|;«*> ftRfPH bitrant (for t^if ^rant), rested, 

Rpowd. ftwrdnij, 1 rest, repose, cessation fix>m toil 
or oocapation. «. [finish, to pass. p. A. 

01^^ ba'Mar-lefdnd, a. to outsti'ip; to 

t^ 1^nr% ^tiama, n. to forget, to be for- 
gotten. «• 

\>jmJ fT«r>n bisumd, n. to sob. A. 
J^^jm> ba-sar'-O'chashm, with head and 

ejre, i. e. most carefully, heartily, p. 

a«j ftfljcT^ diffusiveness, distension, a. 
£iiiJ bisfdtaj, ^' m. a medicinal root, poly- 
^vi-J 5i«/a,t;, J pody. a. 
IW^LT? t^nifnro bls-khaprd, m. the name 

ofsmedicinal plant ( Trianikema peniandra) : it spreads 
oter the ground, and forms a ciitde of nearly a yard in 
disBwter. k. 

jlyt^K/^ f^rerah^iTn bis-hkoprd, m. the name 

of an animal of the lizard kind, about a yard long, and 
■sid to be venomous {Laeerta igtumcC^ A. 

• ^' W ^ifilW ba$tfit or basgat, f. residence, 
iMmestead, site of a village residence. A. 
Um> hiumd^ m. staining (particularly mcn^s 

iKudi) ; rtdning the legs (hjr the women) so as to 
bare the appearance of having fight drawers on, where- 
■• they are in fact naked, p. 

j\^M*} ff^mrc biimdr, m. the name of a bush. h. 
^3.«M^ bismilf sacrifiped (any animal), bismil- 

k„ to sacrifice an *n^iwfll- a. 

j3i\j^ bismiUdh, in the name of God : this 

phrase is generally used by good Musalmans in the 
beginning of all actions, written works, &;c ; hence 
bismUldk'k,, to begin, to commence, a. 

lyb 4ti1^»««J bismiUah'hUydy said of a child 
who has just commenced learning to read. a. A. 

ft.%^ basma, m. a collyrium, or tincture for 

dyeing, p. 

^^^^ fWlinT bitmat (for vismayd), m. amaze- 

**ment, astonishment, surprise. «. 

^2^mJ ^^^ basan, m. a dress, a habit, a suit 

of clothes, apparel, i. 

(2^ fra«f bisaUy m. evi], fault; desire, lust. «• 

UumJ ^HRT boifidy n. to dwell, to abide, to be 
peopled, to be built (a city, town, &e.). s, [doth. «. 

Uum^ imiT basnd, m. cloth, a wrapper, pack- 

ijLi>^^^f^finHWS bisan-^atAm. a habit of 

;^^;--> r^^HM*! bisan^n,) indulging de- 
sire. A. [nu. «. 

S^^j^ f^n^tm^ btsan-^ad, a hymn to Vish- 
<J1aju»>> W?n?r baaanty f. the spring ; one of the 

ragt or musical modes of the Hindfis; the name of the 
first of the six seasons, including from the 15th Phagun 
to the 15th Baisfikh ; the small-pox (phrase peculiar to 
the Bengalis). AoionZ-pAa/na, n. to put forth the blos- 
soms of mustard plants. dikAAoH meA-basant-phulnh to 
dazzle, basant At ktpbor, knowledge of or care about 
futurity, basani panckami, a Hindu festival on the 5th 
of MSgh, formerly observed as the beginning of 
spring. «. 

^Ji^ ^fPift basantt, of yellow colour (this 

was Krishna's favourite colour). A. 

^j*m> fn^ bisntf m. a rake, a debauchee, a 

" lecher ; acy* delicate, nice, showy In dress. A. 

(J«^ Y^Rft basni, f. a purse, k. 

y»^ ft^ biswa (for vishwa)y m. the universe, 

the world. «. 

\y^ fm^ bisfva, m. the twentieth part (par- 
ticularly of a blghd of ground). *, 
j\y^ biswdTy a mixture of spices, &c., for 

making curry, d. 

(^j^y*^ W^OTft basTcdri, f. a bamboo-garden. A. 

(^jt»\y^ fnT9 biswds (for vuhwds)y m. con- 
fidence, faith, sincerity, dependence, t. 
f.^Wj.^ fin^im biswdnsoy m.l^a fraction of 

^^f^\y^ iHW\^ biswdhsiy f J a burvd. a. 

D^^9 LT? *l^^l'^ ^^ ^ ^^^t ^« home, conn- 
try, dwelling-place, residence, s. 

j\jL«m^ ff ^im.lC bUwd*bardry collecting by 

the biiwa^ or twentieth of a blgha, q. v. A. 

jyt^i Y^tr basaur, a bamboo-garden, h. 

I 2 

y^ ( 116 

Zjy^ fli «NLf| I hisuma, a. to cry slowly, to sob. A. 
^^y*^ 1^ 11*^1 bisma-karmd, the artificer 

of the gods; the Indian Vulcan, t. 

yy»*^ ^^^ hasutat m. a kind of axe used by 

carpenters, an adze, h, 

i^y*^ ^^^ hasuUy f. an instrument for cut- 

'* ting bricks, p, 

ty**> f^nsr bisnmy m. tbe twentieth part, par- 
ticularly of a btgJid of ground, biswa barar, assessment 
by the buwa. hiswa-ddrt the holder of a share or 
shares in a coparcenary village, h. 

^KjWHy*^ Dm^lO biswa-darty a tenure of 

independent villages, h, 

L^y**i ftnrff bisiri (for i?ttAwi),worldly, belong- 
ing to the universe, s. 

i^y^ ^^ bisrvh f. alienation of land, on 

the payment of fines in advance, h, 

^^ fk^^ biSfhd, venomous (as reptiles), s. 
^j^^ flra?^ bisahrMt 1 a buyer ; a pur- 
y^j^^ r^^^^WI bisahnttdy) chaser. A. 
{Jj^, f^^^ f* a phlegmon or boil on the 

hand ; a purchaser, h, 

^e^ basCf abundantly, much, many. p. 
IjuJ bisydry many, much, very» abundant ; 

bisyarit abundance, superfluity, p, 

1^-^ ^ ^1^ basit, the head man of a vil- 

lage, also called mu^addam, or patil, h. 

*A«M> frf^niT bmyavj venomous, poisonous, s. 
Lju*.) '^r^TT baserd, m. a time before evening 

vhen birds return to their nest ; a night's lodging ; 
a bird's roost, a bird remaining on its roost, basera-k.f 
to roost, h. [dance. *. 

VjumJUm^ f^^Mini bisestd (for viskeshatd)ff,VLh\in' 

iaju^ bantf simple, uncompounded, ele- 
mentary, a. 

^^^vi- ^^ ^trfhinf basikatj inhabited, peopled, /i. 
^^^ouJ f^nr*! bhehh (for vishesh), m. a parti- 

cular circumstance ; adj. peculiar, special, particular; 
abundant ; adv. particularly, specially, *. 

^)uLyyJ fv^^ bUeld, venomous, poisonous, s, 
^juJ basinif affable, courteous. 0. [pg/,. ft. 
^i^-nr% ftl^ bisen, a powerful tribe of ra;- 
IjbtXJJuJ tr^VT basendhd, fetid, stinking, k. 
jjju«j W^?B basendf an edible root found in 

ponds. &c h, 

{^J^ ftp"! bisk (for visha), m. venom, poison, s. 
C0>j\JLf bashdraU f. glad tidings, a. 
tJJL> bashdroy m. a dream, a vision, a. 
(^\JL> bashshdsh, in good spirits, pleased, 

delighted, cheerful, a. 


iZ*!iM,y bashdshiUft. cheerfulneff, alacrity, a. 

fJULf f^^ bisht,')m. a kind of ta'alluk^ddr 

cLam.) fwv biskty J or landholder whose of- 
fice is in the gift of goveniment. k 

l^lfj fW9T bishthd, £ ordure. «. 
^_JL£j (kit biskttf f. rain. «• 

CjsJL} ba-^hiddaty violently, forcibly. J7. a. 
^;^ baskar, m. man, mankind^ mortals, a. 

a!^^ fvtnf bishrdmf m. rest, ease, pause, h^^ 

ram /., to rest, to pass the night (particularly uaed by 
wandering fakirs). », 

fS^\j^ fw^TPff bishrdnt, rested, reposed. 

bishranH, f. rest, repose, t. 

^t)^ji*i ba'sharte-ki, on the agreement that, 

so that, on ooiiditio& that, p, a, 

tjLf bashara (also buskara), m. countenance, 

the outer skin or cuticle, a. 

{jji^ bashariy human, relating to man. a. 
iJl^JLf 2»ajr/iriy/i^f.humanity,human natnreur. 
gjtd> r^i|4li: bish-kaprOf m. a species of 

grass used in medicine {TriofUhema peniamdra), «. 

Ua-x.Ji > r^i444|| bhhkanydf f. literally, 

*' Poison-damseL" A female who has been fed on 
poisons from her infancy. . Such damsels, it is said, 
were sent by former Indian princes as presents to 
those whom they wished to destroy, as the potsontms 
constitution of the young lady ooiud immediately in- 
fect and kill an unwary lover. Ladies of this deacrip* 
tion are said to have existed before the days of Co- 
lumbus, and the importation of a new disease from tbe 
new world ; otherwise the nature of their poiaonoie 
quality might be guessed at (Binning). «. 

JLj f^mn bishamy unequalled (in a bad sense), 

difficult, bad, excessive, difficult of cure. «. 

j^^-ij fVmni^ biiham-jwar^ m. a violent 

inflammatory fever. 5. 
^J^ ftW bhhan (for Vishnu^ m. (in Hindi! 

mythology) the Deity in the character of preserver, j^ 

»3J^^^ "Prai^ bvihan-pad, m. a particular 

song in the name of Fishnu, K 

^^jiu^ ftrwufhf bishn-prtty land held rent- 
free by religious persons, especially followers of 
Vishnu ; the term Bishnottar nas the same signifi- 
cation, s. 

j^Jjj^^-Ij franfllf^ bishn-prit'dar, a 

class of Brahmans to whom baa been assigned grants 
of land in the name of Vishnu, h, 

{jy»^ r«m!l^l bishnOyi or bishnam, a wor- 
shipper of Vishnu, name of a Hindu sect, s, 

f^J^i r^9l«0 bishnt, m. a rake, a lecher ; adj. 

"delicate, nice, showy in dress, s. 

^^ f^nc^ bishhdy venomous (as reptiles). #. 
^J^ ftr^^ bishal or bishayt, sensual, 

worldly. *. 


^jLf ft^ hishaya^ m. any object of seuse ; 

'*CDj thing perceptible by the senses, as colour, uuell, 
flavour, and contrast ; an afikir, matter. «. 

jkLi bashtr, a messenger of glad tidings, a. 
jxL) f^tk^t huhtyaTf venomous. «• 

(jiulj flf^wHfAeir^^l a particular circum- 
,^Vil; fw^wHsAe^A J 8tance^&c.(v.&i$eA)^).^ 
3Ll^ fv^^T bukda, venomons. s. 
\lJLxJL.y fwjhilVT bisheskatd, f. abundance, s. 
CJ^jKioJbasarat, f. sight, seeing, perceiving, a. 

StAf ha-iadf bv a handred, used only in 

Penian phrases, as ha- fad ini^iial, with a hundred toils 
orexertuma. ^ 

^ boMar, m. seeing, discerning, vision, 
i^t, nnderttanding, knowledge, a. 

tj^ hasraf the city commonly called Bas- 

ionli, on the Persian Gul£ a. 

J^ hatalf f. an onion, a. 
^jy^ 5a-ti(ra<, in the way or manner. p.a. 
jXA> hanr, seeing (met. blind), a. 

0;JUA> ^irat, f. sight, perception, circnm- 

qwdion, pmdenoow a. 

MA^ (a-i^ia, in the degree or mode. p.a. 
hiza'at, f. stock (in trade), capital ; 

( "7 ) JA? 

I (3^ 5a Vy after, afterwards, subsequent, a. 
«\«^ bu*d, f. distance, remoteness, a. 
5 JuO ha*dahuy after which, then, however, a. 
U^ 2>a>, 1 

LojU 5aVa, !> some, certain ones. a. 
i ba'ze, J 

ba*zi, some, certain, sundry. Zfa'^ri 

bab, various or miscellaneous items, sundries, ba'zi 

h) bat, m. a goose, a duck. a. 
Jui) battalf very foolish or vain ; false, a. 
CJUai> ^jtoZa^, folly, Vanity, falsehood, a. 
i^bataUt 1 m« or f. (dimin. of bat), a duck 

VMi; hatqh,} or duckling ; a vessel formed 

b imitation of s dndc. a. 

jj» &a>,(ar2r, in the mode or manner, p, a. 

t-ijkj bortarafj aside, apart, p. a. 

J)jla; &a-tori$, by way of. p. a. 

ylk) batsh, power, severity, sternness, a. 

Ja; (atl, m. rendering vain, abortive, of no 

^M^&tttlan, abortive; m. falseness, vanity. a. 
(2p> (ajfUy m. the belly, womb, inside, bat- 

ii| kfd bapu§, generation after generation, a. 
j^ bortqurf by way of, in manner of. p.a. 
i^y^ ha^, m. interior part ; heart, mind ; 

•4}- oooeealed. a. 

^Jaj 5aj{i, slow, dilatory j tedious, a. 
j^ bil^I^ a melon, a mu^k melon, a. 

j>Ua> ^-^Atr, 1 in appearance, exter- 
J^ 6a-«t/iur, J nally, ostensibly. «. a. 
i-^ ^*l, m. exciting motive, cause, a. 

Htflrcht miscellaneous expenses. ba*7^jam\ aggregate 
of revenue derived from other souro^s than the Cu 


toms and Excise. ba*zi zamin, in official language, 
denotes land exempted from the payment of r< 


nue under various denominations, as altam^^j ai- 
mo, &c. 0. 

iJl \ Af t} balbdky the city Balbeck in Syria, 

formerly Heliopolis. a. [of. p. a. 

d^U> bO'Ullat, by reason, or on account 
^j}j^ ba*alzabuby m. Beelzebub, a. 
{j^yO ba^iwazy in lieu, or instead of. p. a. 
^^2^ ba-aun, through the aid of. p. 
(XAjO baldi far, distant, absent, remote, ba^td 

'alfl 86, foolish, absurd, far from wisdom, a, 

&JUL«o bi-'ainihi, himself or itself, in person, 

exactly, clearly, a. 

JJo bug^r, "I m. a breach in a wall ; a 
zjjo bu^araj gashf a deep wound, p. 

OjU^ bagtfiimat, f. rebellion, opposition to, 

and defection from, the rightQil Imam ; violence, plun- 
der, breach of law. a. 

KAkkky bagb})aghanaf a. to boast ; to bill or 

coo as doves ; to low as a camel, d. 

A^^ bagbfihay m. a little garden, p* 

\c^ bughjiciy m. a cleaver used by cooks or 

butchers, a knife, p. 

(3\ JJb baj^ad, the city of Bagdad, a. 
t«i3Jb bu^di, m. a kind of camel (of high 

cost), p. [tewa,H)» p. 

UJLj buffhrdf m. macaroni (also called 

bu^Zy m. malice, spite, revenge, 

hatred. K 
Jjc^ bcLgbftly f. the armpit ; embrace, baghnl 

Jana or ho-jdna^ to go out of the way. bna^l-meU lena, 
to take in one's arms, to embrace, oa^gb^bajana, to be 
highly pleased, to be in triumph ; to jeer, to jest. 
hc^lifd sungna, to be penitent, to regret, ba^l garm-k. , 
a. to embrace a woman, ba^bfli men dabana, a. to get 
possession of another's goods by fraud, boMJiai gandh, 
stinking armpits, bagj^u-f^r^ an embracer m the Hin- 
dustani mode, ba gha l-giru f. embracing. b€kgbfll-faen-' 
mama, to conceal (under one's arms) betghfll mefi mun4l 
4alna, to be ashamed, p. 

li^JoO ba0and, to make way, to get out of 
the way. p. under the armpits, p. 

«3JJ JJ^ bag^Ubandy m. a kind of robe tied 


( 118 ) 


^^^ ha^u f. a disorder in camels, rubbing 

the thigh against the belly ; a pnne ; a kind of dumb- 
bell used in exerciee. p. 

^^j^o hagbfirda^ m. a slap with the fists ; a 
kind of short dagger, d. [ron. d. 

^^ haghola (same as bagla), a crane, a he- 
gO ba^t tyrannji oppression; rebellion* 

insurrection ; infraction of the laws. adj. rebellioiu, 
refractory, a. 

\jjO hagtiiya^ ^m. a small garden* an or- 
a^J*^ hagt^kaf) chard, a flower-garden, p. 

jijO hor-gbfliry without, except* besides* inde- 
pendent of. p. a. [formed on the head. p. 

\a> hafdy f. a kind of scales or dandruff 

j^A^ bctfler, fat, gross, bloated, d. 

\ji> baha, f. eternity, duration, remaining, a. 

JLS-^ balklal, a grain-merchant, a shop- 
keeper, fto^^/nt, a shopkeeper^s wife. a. 

\>\a> bakai/d (pi. of &aa^)» remains* old ba- 
lances of revenue, arrears, dues. ba^ya,e bd^, ar- 
rears on arrears, a, 

(3^Jf^ bak'bah, foolish prattle, talkative, a. 
ft^^ buhcha, m. a small bundle of cloth, i. 

jdSj ba'kadrit to the extent of. p. a. 

jft> bahar, m. a bull, bahar^ld, a festival 

held in commemoration of Abraham's offering to sa- 
crifice his son. According to the Afk^mnr^anx of 
the SunnI sect, it was hma*U that Abraham was 
about to sacrifice ; those of Shl'a persuasion hold that 
it was Isaac. It may be stated, however, that the 
name of this son is not mentioned in the Kur,an. a. 

R JL»^ A> ba'iasamii/a, being on oath, p, a. 

«jJb buVa^ m. a house, a place, a. 

diSj haldat or bakla, a potherb, baklat-^l" 
l^umakd, m. (the fool's herb) purslain. a. 

^ bakam, f. sappan wood {Ctesalpinia sap' 

pon). d. 

Jyb buk^ (pi. of J>fl>)* plants, potherbs, a, 
J^ ba-ka'ul, according to the word of. p. a, 
AAA^ bahiyat^ remainder, balance, residue. 

bakiyatw^ saift the remnant left by the sword, a. 

(.^ frv bik (for vrika), m. a wolf. .«. 
(jjb iniT bak, m. name of a bird that feeds on 

fish {Ardea terra and ptitea. Buck.), bak-ehSl^ a slow 
walk or strut like that of the bird called bak. bak- 
dkydn-lagana, to act with dissimulation, s. 

d^ ^"9 bak, f. prattle, foolish talk, bak-jhak 

the same, bak-jhak k., to prattle, to chatter, to gabble. 
bak-lagnit talkativeness, garrulity. «. 

\x> ^fg( bukkd, m handful, h. 

DJ bakd or bukcU f. crying, a complaint, la- 
mentation, a. 

Odj buhdt, a kind of sweetmeat, d, 
jOJ fir*!< bikdrj m. the change of any thing 

from its original state ; disease. «. 

jOJ Y^ITTt bakar, amount or value of a crop 
fixed by an appraiser by word of mouth. A. 

jOJ ba-kdrp of use* serviceable, ba-'liar^ 

dmadan or -ana, to be of use. p. 

\ji^ YVm bahdrd^ m. a forerunner* a har- 
binger; traveller; inteUlgenee forwarded by word of 
mouth. A. 

Ci^oJ bakdrat, f. virginity, maidenhood, a. 

;jmO^ fnim bikdsy shining, blooming; ex- 
pansion, display ; pleased, happy, delighted, i, 

J\^ f^nVT9 bikdl, m. the afternoon, s, 
a\)J ba-kdm, agreeable to one's wish. p. 
UKj f^nVTflT bikdnd (same as bikwdna), to 

sell, or to cause to be sold. h. 

jKj IVtR bikdtOf m. sale. f^TVT^ bikd,u, sale- 
able, for sale. A.; 

JjK^ baJidfwiI* m. a cupbearert a steward; 

a head cook ; snperintendant of the kitchen, p. 

tjji^} bakdfoaUt relating to a betkdwalf q. r. 

**£ cooking materials, p. 

^^K> Y^vnPT bahdyarh f. the name of a tree 

{Melia semperviretu). h. 

uibuib ^nm bak-bak, f. prattle, fooM 

talk, bak-bak-h, to prattle, to chatter, to gabble. i« 

UKjiS «l4ii|4kMI bakbakdndf u. to prattl^ 

to chatter. A. 

U5o ^W baktd, m. a speaker in general; 

a4j. eloquent, loquadoua. s. 

{Ja\j^ baktdsh, name of a famous athlete, p* 
Sx> baktar^ ra. iron armour* a coat of null* 

a cuirass. baktar-po»K a man dad in armour. f> 

\jji^ baktari, m. an armourer, one who 

makes coats of maiL p. 

cLio fwTfZ bikat, difficult, terrible. $> 

, ../ • ^ , , ' Vm. a claw, h, 
VJOJ "nzi buktUf J 


Ijtt bukchdy^m. a bundle* a wrapper. (v« 
i bukcha,} bukchd), i, 
»>uib ^nmjK bak-jhak, f. prattle, fooliab 

talk. A. 

^^ Y«C^ bdkchiy f. the name of a plant, 

" the seed of which is used to cure itch (Cniy»i or SffT^ 
tula antkeimintica). t, 

> bikvy f. virginity, bikr-tornd, or bik- 

phofna, a. to deflower, a. 



A ( "9 

W WHn bakrOf a be-c^oat. (in Dakh. tbe 

ward is often* but erroneonsly, applied to a ram), t, 
j]^ fllWTR bikrar, 1 terrific^ '^gly* ^>" 
Jj;^ rW4k||<9 bikralyj deoas. $• 
^^ f^n^bikram, m. great power or strength, 

IHOneti, heroism ; act of overpoweriog. s, 

0»A>U;^ fwrpvnAw bikramajHty the name 

of a celebrated sovereign of Ujjun (for vikramaditpa)^ 

jN^J ^nv^ ^Ari, f. a she-goat ; m. or f. a 

goat (generaUj) ; (in Dakh. improperly applied to 'a 
sbeep^ «. 

{^f*f ftnA bikri, f. a sale, a demand, s, 
Lij ipnrT baksd, astringent, haksahat, 

attriDgenf^* ^ 

Cam^j fwiiftnr &t&iH^ expanded, blown (as 

a flower\ delighted, t, 

Uuio f^mRT bihasna, n. to blow or expand 

as a flower, to be delighted, to smile, s. 

\ySi W%HHl\ bak8u,a, m. the tongue of a 
bwile. *,*^ 

^>i »V> i|'4i1ic?l baksaUa, astringent, h. 

JO Y^9 bakulj m. name of a tree (iftfrnu- 


elflifi). s. 

J^ f^^E^ bikal, restleMy aneasj» troubled. «. 

J^ W9 bahhaly m. skin, rind, shell (of a 

^ WIP^ bakla,} frait). *. 

l>^ f^^HI ^tt^Zana, n. to talk incohe^ 
leatiy to one's self, to act or talk foolishly. «. , 

X bukm (pi. of ^^)i dumb, mute. a. 

A> YV! bakkam m. (v. ^), sappan or 

red wood [Caesalyinia sappan), p. 

\jiM ipPH baknd, n. to prate, jabber. <. 

1am fn«n ^t^na, n. to be sold^ to sell (in an 

intranittite senses like the French ** se vendre"). bik- 
'jma, met. to be dependent on, to be obliged. «. 

l5^ ^pnft buhnXf f. a kind of digestiye 

powder. Jk, 

^yi W^ bakwadj f. foolish talk, s, 
i^C^^ ^fW^[l^ bakwadiy m. one who talks 

&oliihly, an idle talker, s. 

(jtffjXJ Y^vm bakwaty f. talkativeness ; m. 

la incessant prattler, s. 
(j^^ Ow^|t| bikwaUf a subdivision of the 

Gmrfoyot (v. Wilson's Gloes.> A. 

"W f^V^HI 6tAn?a7t5, to cause to be sold. *. 

^ W ^W^HT bakwaha,m, 

iS^y^ ^ns^v(t bakrvdht, f. 

^J^ yite^n 6ttAo<n5, n, to lacerate with 

iiaOa, to icratdi, to daw. h. 

chatterer, an idle 
talker. A. 

) Ji 

^^ W^it^ baholdf m. a covering for the 

head, as a piece of blanket &c. used by faJfirs, h, 
fiy^ ^Ht^ bakoli, name of a green cater- 
pillar destmctire of rioe crops. K 
^^ f^ hikh (for vi8h\ m. poison, venom. 

hikh-dhaTt a snake (lit. poison-holder), s, 

0^ WI7 bakh, the world, the universe, k. 
l^C ^?n bahhRy m. grass for pasturage, k, 
j\^5o ^V^KR bakhaVf m. la storehouse, a 
iSj^ifi "T^nrt bakhdii, f. J granary. A. 
^1^13 "WWr bakhdnj m. explanation, praise, 

description, account s. 

UjI^ ^T^nTT bakhanna or bahkdn-k., a. to 

praise, to commend ; to explain, to define, relate, t. 

f^i^ ^nST bahhar (v. bdkhar)^ a kind of 

plough ; also, a house ; an inclosure ; a cattle shed, h 

^j^ f^^lTTI bikhamdf n. to be scattered, dis- 
persed, or disheveUed ; to become angry, to be amazed 
or confounded, h. 

iSjif^ ^?VXft bakhrif f. a cottage, a house, a 

round granary of grass, reeds, and mud, raised on 
piles, k. 

^j^ W^fi.^! bakhriydt m. a householder. A. 
\jX^ ^^ fvmafMU bikh'khaprd, m.a medicinal 

plant (Trianthema petandra), t, 

]ji^ ^iri f^rrot^n bikh'khoprd, m. a kind 

of lizard about a yard long, and said to be venomous 
(Laeerta iguana), s, 

^io ^^^^ bikham, odd (number); difficult, s. 
^U^ f%^TR bihhmdn, m. the name of a 

medicine or poison, s, 

14^ f^^^ bikhhdf venomous (as reptiles), s, 
^^^^ ^^ &aAAi,f.the side under the armpit. A. 
^c4^ f%ini bikhaif m. any thing perceivable 

'*by the five senses ; afikir, matter, &c. (v. bishaya). ^ 

U^ ^fi^in bakhiydy m. a kind of stitch, 

strong quilting, h. [quilt. A. 

OU^x) ^fVl^ltfr bahhiydndy a. to stitch, to 
U^A^ ^^fn bahhemdy a. to scatter. A. 
V^A^ Y^^ bahherdy m. wrangling, a tamult, 

contention, dispute, uproar, h. 

bjA^ ^^ Hi 111 bakheriydf quarrelsome, a 

wrangler. H, 

j^jJi^So ftRnft bikkayi, sensual, worldly, s, 
L^ ^"Sft bukki, f. a cloth brought over the 

** shoulders under the armpits and tied behind; a hand- 
ful, bukki mama, to pass a doth under the armpits 
and tie it behind. A. 

^^ WlH bakk'iy talkative, a prater, s. 

^j^ f^nl(bikkiy m. a partner (at play, &c.). A. 

J^ ( 120 ) 

U^ fV^Vin ^aAtyatf.aclasp-knife, a penknife. A. 
Jjio HJl^ hahely twine made from the root 

of the dhak tree. A. 

j)uL$o Y%c9 hakduf m. the root of a grass of 

which rope is made. h. 

k1X> WT hag, m. name of a bird, a crane (same 

88 bak). bag-chal, f. walk! 
(contracted for bdgh) a tigex 
n. to be Btnpified or petrified 
the sight ot a tiger, t. 

US buggd, a fountain, jet d'eau. d. 

.16 '^mt hagar, m. pasture-ground: it also 
denotes forced labour for which no reward it given. K 
VJ^ bugara, m. a large hole or breach, p. 
V^16 ^mncn bagama, a. to throw away ; to 

spread over. A. 

jUi finnf btgar^ m. injury, violation, diffe- 
rence, higdr-k., a. to quarrel, to forfeit friendship. 
bigar par and, n. to be ready to quarrel, h. 

UjAjJ^ f^iTTpTT bigarnof a. to spoil, to mar, to 

damage ; to cause misunderstanding between friends, h. 

jjl6 fVpTTJ^ %aru, m. a spoiler, violator. A. 

UU5 bi-gana or bi-gana, strange, foreign, un- 
known (for be-gdna, q. v.). p. 

^^^J5U5 bi-ganagij strangeness, &c. p. 
(IUX!> ^nmi/l bag'pati, f. the side under the 

- armpit, h, [cranea. K 

^Ui WJ|MI«i/) bag-panit, f. a row or line of 
dJ^ f^Tfir bigati, f. badness, misdemeanor, x. 
CL>^^s^ ifT97 bag-chhuty f. galloping, bag- 

chujhdaupia, to set off at full gallop. *. 

\j\dfi WT^nn bagddna, a. to cause to return, 

to put to the rout. A. [spoiled. A. 

UjJC^^ ^T^^n bagadna, n. to return, to be 
tJ^ f^fJXf, bigrah (for vigraha), to. quarrel, 

strife, t. 

ijfji^ ^i|i!) bagari, a species of rice, cttltivated 

chiefly in yie province of Benares. A. 

^^JJJ •O ifil^lii) hagrendi, f. the name of a 

plant {Jatropha curcas, Lin.). A. 

Jii> ^pTf bagaff m. a kind of rice. A. 
\v£> ifTTIT bagrd, m. trouble; cheat, deceit. 

bagrd'k., to evade the payment of one's debts, or the 
performance of a promise. A. 

U^ fifJI^'HI bigarndf n. to be spoiled, da- 
maged, or marred, to fail, to miscarry ; to quarrel, to 
disagree, to be enraged. A. 

{^j^ ff^nft bigfi, f. spoil, damage, war, battle* 

misunderstanding. A. 

\>ji^ '^Ptfimbagrij/d, m. a deceitful person. A. 
b^«J^ ^nv(Xll1 bagsariya, a small clan of 


Uum^ ftpnm bigasna^ n. to blow* to ezpaad 

(a flower), &c. (v. bikasnd). t. 

^^ ^PT^I bagla, WT^T bagula, m. the name 

of a bird, a white crane or heron, commonly called by 
Europeans " the paddy bird " (Ardea torra and puiOt 
Buch^. bagla-bkagat, a hypocnte. A. 

jU^ WlfTt bugmdr, m. a musketoon or blun- 
derbuss. A. 

>(>l6 friPV bigandhf f. stink, foetor. «. 
^^ W^T^ baguldf m. a whirlwind. A. 
^4^ frr^ ftt^Aa, m. a quantity of land coo- 

talning twenty katfhast or 120 feet aquare. A. 

j\^ ^rOTT baghdr, m. the spices which are 

mixed with food to give it relish ; sesaoning, oondi* 
ment. A. 

^J^^ W^ITfT baghdmd, a. to season. A. 
j^y^ fr'Urt bigahtt, rent per bighd, fixed 

on lands. A. [vention, intermptioo. t. 

i^;^ r^N«i bighaUf m, hindrance, stop, pre- 
^"^^ W^Rl bagknd, m. the teeth and nails of 

a tiger which are hung round the neck of a <^d to 
serve aa a charm. «. 

(j^'A^ ^n^ bag-hans, m. the name of a 

bird, a grey goose. «. 

V^A^ WV^ffV baghnakd, m. name of a medi- 
cinal herb with a fragrant root i. 

(_^4^ W^ baght, f. a horse-flj* A. 
t)^^4i^ V^ baghelf m. the name of a tribe 

of r^j -puts (lit tiger^s whelps). A. 

iJj^^ W^^TT bagkeld, m. a rdj^put of the 

6^A«/ tribe; also a tiger's whelp. «. 

1 if% >. . . , . f f. a httle garden, p.h. 
«^^ WfniT bagichOf) 

i^jifi ^PH) bagerif f. an ortolan. A. 

J^ Yc|f bal, m. a coil, twist, convolution; 

side, direction, bal-ddr, crooked, twisted, coiled, 
convoluted, bal-dena, a. to twist bal-khand, to be 
twisted. A. 

^yi '^ bal, m. power, strength ; semen virile; 

the elder brother of Krishna, Bdla-Rama ; (for bolt) the 
king of Pdldlt or the infernal regions ; a sacrifloe,so 
offering, bal'be, inteij. bravo I bal-jdnd or bal-halrjwk 
to be sacrificed. beU-dena or bal-kamd, to sacrifloe. s. 

Jj ^f^balif an oblation, a religious offering; 

presentation of food to all created beings ; one ot tfae 
five great sacraments of Hindfl religion : it consUtfi in 
throwing a small parcel of the offering, ghi, rice, or 
the like, into the open air at the back of the hou^; 
an animal fit for an oblation; a king and Daityn! 
also Mahd-balit the virtuous sovereign of Mahdbal'^* 
tricked out of the dominions he had obtained over 
earth and heaven by Vishnu, In the Vaman, or dwsn 
Avatar, and left, in consideration of his merits, toe 
sovereignty of F&tala, or the infernal regions. «> 

ry-puU in the Muradab&d districts ; also of a brandi 
of &.anauj Brahmans. A. 


Jj ^rgj bul, f. vulva foeniinea, h, 

J^ ftrgj bii, 1 

^ f%^ bild, J 

a hole or burrow. '• 


( 121 ) 

^ ^9? bald, m. an aquatic and medicinal 

phnt (Sida rhamtbtfolia, rhowAoidea, and cordtfolia). s. 

^ haloy f. misfortane, calamity, accident, 

Tcogeance, evil, or mischief, bala-zada, one who is 
ftmck with nuBfortune. bala-kash, one who snfPen 
under affliction, &c bala-garddn, that which averts 
effl. Aa/a-Mofld, one of evil destmj. a. 

^ hild^ withoat; hild iaraddud, n^ithout he- 

BltadoQ. hUa fotni^^, hastily, speedily. bila-nS^/^ 
nnhesitatinglj, without delay, a. 

^ ^rWT balld, m. a pole or boat-hook. A. 

^ finn biUd, m. a male cat. s, 

^ biUELj m. a breagt^plate or badge as worn 

ly peons, policemen, &c : a tablet or flat piece of me> 
tsl ; also a strinff confining the hOt of a sword or dag- 
ger to the sheath, d, 

^ ^[?n buUdf m. a bubble. A. 
j)^ baldbar, a kind of jacket. p» 
Jj^ ^C^IHcff baldbal, strong and weak. «. 

liagl?^ J^ldvlHI buld'bliejnd,a. to send for, 
tohivite. k. [plaint f. 

4^^ ft^nr bildfy m. lamentation, com- 

U)^ fw^nnn bUdpnd, u. to lament, to be- 
wail. «. 

1^^ W^mSTT baldtkdry m. violence, op- 
pcenon, exaction ; (in law) the detention of a debtor 
sod violence exerdsed upon him to recover a debt s. 

K^^ ^9TfiiFVT baldtmikd, f. a sort of sun- 
flower {Helioiropium Indicum). s. 

O^ Y9nr baidf, m. a sort of bean. A. 

i>^ bUad(ph of c\b), cities, towns, countries, 
profinccs, territories, a. [dothes. p, 

jd^ (a/o^ur, m. a nut used for marking 

jj^^ bald'durf averting an evil omen (lit. 
"frrbe the evil '^. a. p. 

j3b ft f ^K &tZor or flriTR 6*Mar, m. a male 

est «. 

Cji*^ ftl^per 2»t2a5, m. pleasure, satisfaction, 

dclif^t *. [pleasure. #. 

j^3b f^r^nft bildn, voluptuous, addicted to 

U^^ ^9nil ^2a«A, m. the phlegmatic hu- 
mour, s. 
«^ balld\ an enormous eater, a glutton, a. 

C^'!i^bala^atyf. eloquence; maturity, a. 
v3^ 191V frifZoA, m. an ornament worn in 

thenose. h, 

^'^ ^^tW\ baldka^ f. a sort of crane, k. 
J5b bildl, the name of the crier who an- 

noaocedto the people when Muhammad sud prayersui. 

^^ tHf^W bildla (v. bilalld), foolish, sim- 
ple, ft. 

! ^^^ ^^I^MI bula-land, a. to summon, k. 
I *^5b 19T9V baldlakj m. the Caronda (Co- 

rit$a carandas). *. 

j ^5l^ yST^ 6uten5,a. to callj invite, bid. A. 


V3^ Pl^HI Hlana, a. to cause to vanish, to 

dissipate ; to dispose of; to distribute ; n. to retire, to 
vanish, to be lost h. 

U^ fWRT biUdndj to weep, whine. At 

di^ ftn^n^ bildnd, f. a span. A. 

Ij^^ i|<j&ir^AI baldnckita, f. a sort of vind 

or lute, called also Ranu^t lute. s. 

Oy ^ W^lfv^A baldn9vit, strong, powerful. <. 
j^ ftf^y?^ bila,Ot m. a tom-cat. «. 

j^ >(r^W &a^a,<?, any thing very cheaply pur- 
chased ; a4j. dog cheap, h, 
\j^ JjjS^m buldrvdj m. act of calling. A. 
j^ib fV^nv bUamar (v. bildyo), a he-cat. *. 
Jjib ft<j^lM^ bilawal, f. the name of a m- 

ginl in music, h. [mons. A. 

<ilJb^ ^V9n[7 btddhatf f. calling, call, sum- 
j^^ Hcj^lfi baldhar, a low-caste servant, a 

village guide or messenger, h, 

tf^ ^5?n? balaht, m. a worker in hides and 

"leather (v. chamar). h» 

sJib fl»^ bHd,t, f. a she-cat; a grater for 

scraping pompions, &o. bila^p^emd, m. name of a me- 
dicine. «. 

(C^ bald,e (same as 5a2a), f. accident, mis- 
fortune. balS^ ftq^ftmo, trash, stuflT, filth, maUer. a. 

j^^ ^W^ ftal/a,i, m. a kind of village ser- 
vant, for cutting wood and preserving the village boun- 
daries. A. [of a medicine. A. 

4XJ^(/^ f^T9Tt«K^' 2^t/a,i hand, m. the name 
*i^ W^ni bcddya, m. a plant (^Capparis 

UJj^jb W <Si^^^ » 6flZa,«» lend, oTHt^ili^^l 

btad^ lend, to draw the hands over the head of another 
in token of takuig all their misfortunes upon one's self, 
a practice peculiar to females. A. [its fruit s. 

c-rfb flrar bUb (for utZm), m. the bel tree or 
kIJ^ ba-ldby at the lip, or to the lip, applied 

to one in great distress, when the soul is "come to 
the lip ;" balab-ana, i. «. when he is on the pomt of 
death, p. 

\io J^ if^^nSI baUbakrcty m. a person who 
dies in a battle, &c, without doing any thing. *. 

Jfb bulbul, f. a nightingale: in India, a 
shrike. The lusaint bulbul and ndtanl bulbul mtvro 
very beautiful species of this little bird, which bear 
no resemblance whatever to a niffhting^e ; neither is 
the Persian bulbul at all like the English nigbtinMle. 
but a rather smaller bird of the same genus. The 
^maini bulbtU has a white body, wingj^ and tail, with a 
black-crested head. The sulfiant bulbul has a re^«h 
or chesnut body and wings, wi^ black crest Both 
species have very long tails like the bird of paradise- 
Binning, p. 

^IljJ^ vjgTf^ bulbtddy m. a bubble. «. 
\3^)^ ^ <j^<^Ml balbaldna, n. to ferment (as 

sour milk, curds, &c.); to be inflanjed with lUst; to 
make a noise (a camel) from lust. A 

( 122 ) 

^i^fw ftr^O|<$MI hilbildnd, n. to be restles?, 

to be tormented with pain, to complain firofti pain ; 
to weep, to whine, whimper, h, 

«^fb ifSPT ballabht dear, beloved ; m. a mas- 
ter, snperintendant ; a favourite; a friend. »• 

'^^Jib ^^f^Mlttl balbhdnd, a. to allure. «. 

j«^4^ WQf^ bal-bhadrOf m. a strong robust 
man ; the name of Balarfima, Kruhna'a elder brother, t. 

<Lfy^^ W^^rtT 5aZ-M(?^y taking possession bj 

force of another^s right, h, 

^^5^? ^'^ baUbey bravo! well done ! h. 
fifJ^ ^55^ft^ bal'bir, the brave, the heroic ; an 

epithet applied to the brothers KritJ^na and BalarSma 
(in the Prem-iogary •• 

JA5 J^ ^r^irrr baUtdr, m. the male palm or 

toddj tree (Borastus flabell\formit). A, 

jKSl^ '^^AR balat'hdr, any act of violence, 

as Tobbeiy, rape, &c. t, 

jy^ '^^iftt baJrtor^ \m. a pimple, a sore, a 

J^ ii;^^ baUtorJ small boil (supposed 

to be caused by the breaking or polUng oat of a 
hair), s. 

^^ Hf^^HI bilatnd, n. to become bad. h. 
^^^' rVi^^HI bilackndf to extract, to select, as 

passages from books ; to pick, to cull. A. 

l^l^ ba-lihdz^ with regard to. p. a. 

Jj balih* a famous city in Bactriana. balihu 

t)elonging to, or made in BoQil. p. 
i^Jj balad, a city, town ; a country, a. 

(^ 'W^ balad, a bullock that carries a bur- 
den ; a drove of cattle, bullocks, homed beasts. A. 

j^jJb bal-ddr, crooked, twisted, coiled; m. a 
species of wheaten cake. A. [tries, a. 

^\jl^ bulddn (pi. of jL), cities, towns, coun- 
{2)^*^ ^r^^M bali-ddfif m. act of sacrificing 

or offering a sacrifice to a deity. «. 

«31i3>b baladana, m. a tax on laden oxen. A. 
^uxb W^f^H balddfUy m. a bullock-driver ; a 

name of Balai^ma. s, [exaction, p. 

^jM»i\b baUdastiy f. unauthorised or oppressive 

>iXb baldtty m. a city, a town, a, 

(^UjJ^ baldihd,%j compensation for pasture- 

" ground. A. 

(^*xb W9^ baldi, 1 a bullock-driver, or 

bt\b ^IJffij^ baldiydf) one who loads bul- 
locks. 9. {Balaramor Krishna's elder brother, s. 
y.^ W??^'*! baldev, a cow-herd ; the name of 
\^,di> W^IT^^ bal-devd, f. a medicinal plant 

commonly called Trdyuman, t. 
^ f^!^iVi bilrd,m.B. he-cat; a kind of cloth. *. 
A^ Y^nf bala-rdmay the elder brother of 

Krishna. «. 


'^^pj^ l<S5tnBf bal-rdndyt, a widow who lost 

her husband while very young. «. 

'^v'^ W5X^ bal-rakhy m. a person put in 

charge of property mder distraint for arrean of rare- 
nue. #. [ofGilead. «. 

^^UJl^ bakudn, the balsam-tree, balsam, balm 
<*^^*-^ ftf^H fctfe*^, f. a span (v. biluht). p. 
^^ Ov^VHf bilasnd, n. to be pleased, to be 

satisfied, to be delighted. «. 

ji^s^ ^fp^f^K balsundar, name of a kind 

of (sandy) soil In 'Azlm-gafh \ clay much mixed with 
sand. A. 

(JW biliBhy If. a. span, the extent from the 
dA-lb bUisht, ) tip of the thumb to that of 

the little finger when stretdied. p, 

jUb bu^dr, Bulgaria; Russia-leather, p, 
^ bal^m, m. phlegm ; a ronning at the 

nose from cold. a. 

^^^Ab bal^^mt, phlegmatic, a. 


^•flb balfam m. or balfam ki takh^, « school- 
boy's slate for writing or cyphering. 4. 

(j»'^fi^ balkts, the name of the queen of 

Sheba, according to the Musalmans. a. 

u\xb6aZAana,a.tobring under one's own pos- 
session or cbax^. d, 

cilb bilky a spark, balki, but, moreoTer. 

hilak, a gift, bilik, adhesiveness, buluk, a large pro- 
minent eye. j9. 

^-E-ib ^^43 JaZAflrf, rent taken in advance. A. 
^JAXb WlgninA&a/^a^, f. name of a tax formerly 

"exacted at the commencement of reaping. A. 
'-^fj^ W^ni^n balaknd, a. to open ; to speak 

indistinctly from excessiye joy or intoxication. & 

^-*V f^cJMT bilakndt n. to sob, to cry vio- 
lently, as a child ; to long for, to desire eagerly. A. 

«ib balkiy moreover, on the other hand; 

but nay. p, 

^j^l^ ftl^nLJIT bilkhariydt name of a tribe 

ofB^pats,socaUedfrx>mBilkharinOQde. A. 

^4^? ff^^inn bilakhnd, a. to see, to look 

at, perceive, behold; n. to be displeased. «. 

^^J^ fn^ bilag, separate; m. separation, 

difference, bilag manna, n. to be displeased, aogiyi 
offended, s, 

^^ fkfgiHHlbilgdndy a. to separate, to part. *. 

j\^ Oicp'iiH bilgd,o,m, separation, parting.*. 

^ifl^ i^'ini bilagnd, n. to separate, to be se- 
parated, to curdle, to turn (as milk). A. 

^i^ ^^PRT balgand, m. a sob; sobbing. »• 
5W^ ftr^fTT bilalld, foolish, simple, silly, h, 
^5U^ ^<^<»M I bilaldnd, n. to lament. A. 
jiX> fk^H bilam, m. delay, long stay. $. 



( 123 ) 



haliamf m. a spear. haUam^bardarf 

«!||« having a very large and broad 


bolOtflm I 1 1 J 

Vm. alover, a husband. #• 
bilmdna, a. to allure, to tan- 

^iZam^y m. delay, long stay, s, 
UulJj l^nSMRT bilambna, n. to stay, to tarry, 

to dela J. «. * [long stay. *. 

,^i»U ft^nm bilambh (for vUambk), m. delay, 
U^jJi^ ri|<#^4l bilarnhknof n- to stay, to 

tarry, delay. #• 

UJj fro^nn btlarmnaj to delay, tarry; to 

•top, remain. «- [flaccid. «. 

^j;!^ flf^R 6afi«, shrivelled, wrinkled, flabby, 
^ ^Sy^IT balncij n. to bum, to be burnt. A. 
Jjjj bulandj bigh, cleyated, exalted, sublime, 

tell. hMland^ya, of high rank. JmUmd-lautUa, am- 
hitioos, aspiring. hmUmd-^tasar, of exalted views, aspi- 
ring. huUmd'&nmai, ambitious, of lofty intention, p, 

(^Jjb 5tt/an^,f.beigb t,elevation,exaltatioD .p. 
Vjtb ^^r«t4l< baUiigrahy m. weakening, re- 

docing strength. #. [ascend. K 

l^jJj n t <^i|WI bUangna, a. to climb, to 
^ f w ^Snl WMi, f. a stye or stithe, the dis- 

* order in the eyelids, k. 

\jb ^r9^ ^aZfTo, m. a tumult, riot, sedition, 

nratiny, alarm.' A. 

\^ m^ balu,a or bcduwa, sandy. «. 

^^J^^'^'^^^^^'^^^lpowerful, strong, s. 
^^^ l^^rW balwauj ) 

W^ v^^nn fti«/wan«> »• to cause to be 

eslled or sent for. h. 
Gjb W9^tnr balmatta, f. strength, power. $. 

Jj hVlaur, m. a kind of stone, crystal ; cut 

^f f „ iL U^» ennobling. «. 

\>j^ ^^pil baBma, a. to scratch, to tear 

(with nails). A. 

vjTj^ bUJauriy made of crystal or glass i the 

fenns hOtri, UUmtrU, and bllonn are also in nse. a. 

yjj ftoifift, m. an acorn, an oak, a chesnut- 

l^ buB^y m. 1 puberty, adolescence, 

tj)j bulughaty f. [ the attaining of a mar- 
jijb bulu0yaty f. J riageable age. o. 
f f ^'^^fH ttZoAna, a. to see, to look at. $. 

V^ ^991 baMcij m. a bubble (of water). «• 
U^ f^^hn bilona, \ a. to churn (also 
^^^ Oil cj^'^ << «l I bilofvand, J ^'Zaana). «. 
CIa}^ ^r^S^Tir balrvant, powerful, strong. 9, 
Jjyj balwandy powerful, strong, d. 
lJ^^ Hl^ffl bilaungiyi. a species of grass.A. 
«b balah, weak, silly, simple, ignorant, un- 

skilfuL a. 

dJj 2^t7Za m. (v. ^t7/a), a badge, &c. d. 

.l|b Hf^j^^K &aZi-/iar, m. 1 sacrifice. Wi- 

g^^b f^^^lO bali'hdruf.) hdri-jdna, same 
as hal-jSm» to be sacrificed. «. 

jjjftb f%<9^^ bUah-band, m. settlement, 

regulation. A. 
(^jjJdJj Pm^^^^ bilah'bandi, an account of 

the settlement of a district, specifying the name of 
each mo^//, the farmer of it, and the amount at which 
it is let A. 

]j^ f^^n bilhard, m. a kind of basket 

(lonsr and narrow) generally used for holding piM or 

betel leaf. A. 

^j^ ft<S<0 bilakrt, f. a ladlo for taking 

out oil ; a small basket for holding betel leaf. A. 

C:^ ^<#<«f bal-han* m. phlegm., s, 

i^S^ ^5^ balht, f. a fagot, h. 

^J5^ W4^«f bat-htn, weak, infirm. 6a/- 

Aifta/a, t weakness, prostration, t. 

^ 'Rft baH, strong, powerful ; f. a wrinkle, 

"skin shrivelled by age; the fold of the skin in stout 
persons upon the upper part of the belly, between the 
ensiform cartilage and the naveL s. 

jjj ^Rft baUy any thing offered or sacrificed 

"to an idol, such as flowers, rice, goats, &e. «. 

^ ir^ft balU, a climber, a vine. 8. 

*jj ^^ baUi, f. a prop, a pole, a long wooden 

"stick to move or steer boats. AoUi-mdrnd, to steer, to 
push (a boat). A. 

Af ftrfft biUt, f. a she-cat. bURrlotan, m. 
"valerian, t. 

Jj bale, yes, true, so, well, right, p. 

GJ U^ ^| ^^lj*n balaiyd lejid, to take or 

invoke another's misfortunes on one's self (v. balSM 
. Una). A. 

^.ib baUyaty misfortune, calamity, a* 
Job batidi stupid ; a dunce, a simpleton, a. 
a\\ ^^W bahsar, a subdivision of the 

Gujar tribe, q.v. A. 

ijJj ta/i^ eloquent, mature ; copious, a. 

( 124 ) 


e^yJ*? ftnft^fteif bUU-lotanfm. valerian; so 

named from its effect on cats, which are stud to be so 
delighted with its fragrance, as to roll about in their 
ecstasies. K 

nl^b balela, m, the belleric myrobalan. p. 

^iXAAb if^hBT balenda, m. a whirlwind ; a ridge- 
pole (of a cottage). A. [cottage). A. 
^^iVjjLb ii^ift balendi, f. a ridge-pole (of a 
fsb T9r halya, strong, vigorous ; m. semen 

virile. ». 

j^} ^H bam^ f. a spring (of water) ; a fathom ; 
a measuring-rod o^ 3^ cubits. Ju 

4^ ^ ^am^an interjection addressed to Shiva; 

much used by pilgrims to the temple of BaQnath or 
Vaidyanath. «. 

Jt} bam, f. a bass part in music; a bass or 

lowest strinff or drum ; having the deepest tone ; deep 
sound (as that of the large pipes of an organ, a 

)V r«i«nn biman, m. the chariot or vehicle 

of the gods (sometimes serving as a throne, and at 
others carxTlngthem through the skies self-moving and 
self-directed), j. 

^m bimb, m. the name of a tree bearing 

a red fruit {Momordica numadelpka or Bynmia grandU}a, 

u-^ ^M bamb, m. a revenue defaulter, one 

who owes a balance to the state. A. 
U^ bu7nba,m. a pump(from the English), d. 
^^ bambuf m. a bamboo, the species of cane 

so called. (This has not been borrowed from the 
English, as some have supposed, but the English word 
itself has been derived from the Hinda dialects of 
Southern India), d, 

'^Jf^ hambud^ a disease in elephants, a kind 
of ulceration of their lower extremities, d, 

^e^ bumbiy f. the navel, d. 

^J^^ MHn^ bamtde, name of a raj-put tribe 

" in the 2)»,a6 : they are of low repute. K 

^JJ^ ba-mUly like, resembling, p, a. 

^j^ &a-9ntf;arra€2,instantl7,immediatel7.p.a. 

4>«X^ ba-madad, by aid of, by means of. p. a. 

9^j^ ba-martaba, in a degree, to some ex- 
tent, p. a, 

grj^ bamfi, interj. alas ! batnfi mama, to 

bewail the dead, in the Hinda fashion, namely, by 
uttering loud cries and slapping the mouth with the 
hand at the same time. d. 

««^ ba-niaa or ba-mcbtf along with, p, a. 
<^LiS5^ bormuhtazayey by the exaction of. 

ba-mu^ta:^,e la-ckarJ, tlirough sheer helplessness, p. a. 

Ux^ ^iniHIT bamaknd, n. to swell, h. 
-4^^ ftrjlf bimukh (for mmvkh), having the 

face averted, turned from, averse. *. [dean. *. 

J^ fln?5 bimal (for vimal), free of filth, 
5^^ ^•1^1 bandd, a hole from which water 

springs up. A. 

^^ ^«nr baman (for vaman), m. vomit ; an 

emetia bamtm-k, to vomit, to spew. «. 

^j^ baman, a Brahman, d. 

^^ bamant, a female of the Brahman caste; 

" of or belonging to the Brihmanlcal sect. dL 

\^^^^ ba^nuijib, on account of, by reason 

of, in conformity with. p. a.' [siaa), a Brihrnan. jl 

(j|^ ^•^n banihan, m. (for bakman or brak' 
J!r*^ WnffJH bamhangaur, a class of the 

GaurRj^pOts. h. 

fj^ ^Tf'ft bamham, light red soil. h. 
Ua4«^ ^H^fm bamhani^af a subdivision of 

the Kaehhi tribe, q. v. A. 

Ujo^ bamhanefd, m. a young Brahman, d. 

^U 4 > Wftzt bamitha, m. a term applied to 
anthills (also to a snake's hole) in Upper India. A. 

\}M ^'A? banul, m. the name of a grass, h. 
^^ ^^ ban, m. cotton; a crop of cotton. IL 
^ ^n ban, f. a forest, a wood, banrjhdrna, 

-mdma, or majhSfna, a. to beat the forests. ban-ktpt^A 
and han-gonpia^ cow-dung found in the forests. ha»- 
jatraX the pilgrimage through the 84 forests of Braja, c 

^j> bin, m. (contract, of ^\), a son. a, 

^ bun, m. coffee before it is ground (for then 

it takes a new name, ^Mhwa). a. an allowance of grain 
g^ven to a day labourer. A. 

^ bun, f. basis, root, stem, p* 

^^ f^ bin, 1 without,unle88. binjane,with' 
Uj fiRT bina,i out knowing, unwittingly. 

Mn mare or bin Ui^ shahid htmS, to be slain without s 
wound (applied to lovers), bin mare tauba-k,, to fear 
without cause, t. 

\s} W^&a«a,m. bridegroom ; (part, of Jawna), 

made, prepared, &c. ; land dressed and ready for the 
seed. A. 

lb bind, f. foundation, basis, a. 

^ ^ren bannd, n. to be made, to be prepared, 

to be mended or a(!yusted ; to chime, to agree, to &11 
in with, to do, to answer, to serve, to be, to become, to 
avail to counterfeit, to succeed; m. a brid^room. 
bana-banaya, ready, finished, complete, entire, perfect 
bana-fhamUt, to be fullv adorned, dedced out bana- 
chuna, dressed, decked out bana-rahnd, to remain 
waiting. A. 

Ijj bannd, m. a mason, a builder, a. 

U^ ^[WT bunnd, a. to weave, intertwine, h. 

U^ fnr binnd, a. to knit; to weave; n. to be 

picked. A. 

j^Uj, bind-bar, on account of, owing to. p. 

^^^li; bind-bar-tn, therefore, with this view 
or intent p. [tribe of r4;-f)i^. A. 

j^W WlfUK binndphir, m. the name of a 
Ouj WfTir bandt, f. woollen doth^ broad' 

cloth. A. 


OU> hanat(p\. of CIaa)), dangbters. batiati 

mhat, the tender berbege. a. 

\J^\ C-^U> 5ana<ti-ii-na'f&i m. the constel- 

htion of the Gnat Bear. a. 

^U.> Wmrt banatt, woollen. A. 
ji&lb banadir(ph ofjiXJj), port8| harbours, a. 
(jmUj ftnrra Mnas, m. death, annihilation, s. 
J^^ Wm^^fh banaspatfi or hanas^atthi, 

t forest learea. «• 

j\jj banafar, name of a tribe of Yadu4>ann 

rSj^ts in Oude. A. 

{jf»^\jj bma-goch^ the cavity at the lower 

part of the ear^ p, [bring, h, 

^^Uj f fllc^l^l banorlana, n. to make and 

JjJ ba-namij in the name of. p. 

^^ ^PfTifT banana^ a. to do, to make, to fa- 

farieate, to prepare, to build, to oompoee, to perform, 
to adjust, to aidom, to dIucIe (a foid), to mend, to in- 
^rent, to rectify, to dxess (victuals), to moclc, to feign. A. 

vT^ i|«|lll«|l ban-andf n. to succeed (in life), 
to be Ibftonatc, to prosper. A. 

jUj WSfl^ tona^o, m. dressing, preparing, deck- 
big one^s self; oonoord. understanding, reoondliation ; 
making up. baMa,o-k., to adern, bedeck : in the Indian 
Englisn the word is pronounced and written butmow, 
and means a ** cram," or " tough yam," a purely made- 
up story, h. 

OjUj Plfimri btnawat, act of weaving, h. 
(^jUj Wfn? pafidmatf f. make, invention, 

affectation, oontriTanoe, &brioation, fiction, sham. A. 

OjU> OlHI^^ binamatf f. weaving, km 
{f}fy WHI^O banafvari or bana,orif f. the 

act of getting ready, preparation. A. [pw^ A. 

^y^ Wn^«n banafOnaf a. to make, to pre- 
^^^J>> f^fH^ binUfi, f. weaving, h. 


^V^^ ^«1I4I<II«II banaifOrjandf n. to be 

making, to be in hand. A. 

v^Uj (%«|N4 binayak (for vinai/aka), a 

name of Gane$ka. «• 

(-aa> fra bimb or vimba. m. the name of a 

tree bearing a red fruit {Bryonia grandit, Ian,, Momor^ 
diea wnmadelphat Roxb.). $. 

^ Wm bambd^ m. a well; a jet d'eau, the 

spout of a fountain. A. 

(ji*\jjj ^il^nt ban-^fos, m. one who dwells 

in the forest, a hermit «• 

^Vju> ififWI^ ban-basi, adj. dwelling in the 

"ferest ; £ life of a hermit s. 

, <iIf;>ft|lV&tmMiA,red,fiery,flame-coloured.«. 

J^^ ^nP l ^gll banrbilcijOf m. a wild cat. s, 
' ^ bambu, the cane called bamboo, d. 

( 126 ) ^ 

USl^^^ ifimt^ ban'4fhantaf m. wild bain- 

gan or egg-plant (SoUmum melongma). s. 

bumbu f* the naveL d. 
JJJ bambi, f. harvest crop ; a stack or heap 

of grain ; (same as i^'rsum, q. v.). d, 

» ^u i »jXy W«ni^ ban-prasthf m. a Hindu who 

has reached the hermit stage of his existence. (▼. at- 
ram), 9, 

^jiicji ^r*nT«n ban-parna, n. to saccead, to 

answer, to suit, to come to a condusion. t, 

iPTir banatf m. lace ; a riband stadded 

with spangles. A. 

bint or binat, a daughter, bintu^l- 

*inab, wine, daughter of the grape, a. 

Ujj ^rf«!in banita (for vanitS), f. a wife» a 

^1 - 


ij]/{j} ^Hffill. ban-tarcifi, f. wild tora,i, a 

"kind of plant {Li^a), A. 

^;aJJ W^mftin bantariya, m. a class of peo- 
ple who formerly acted as wood-rangers in Gorak- 
par. A. [solicitation, s. 

jf^ ftnrt binti, f. an apology, submission* 


I3lljj itTPfT bantana, a. to share, distribute, 

to participate. A. [shared, to distribute. A. 

U\^JUJ >T7i|T«n bantfoandy a. to cause to be 

\>>,yJJ ^^zk^t bantwaiydy\one who shares or 

CUaSjj iitlf banfaUf j distributes; a di- 
vider, distributer. A. ^ 

U^Ajj banthndf n. to be braided or plaited, d. 
jL} banj, henbane (Arab, form of d^). a. 
S^ wflPT banij, m. a merchant, trader ; the 

sixth of the astronomical periods called Karan, 001^ 
respondiug to the half of a lunar day. 1. 

j^ wftlTif banij or WHf banaj (for wHUsU 

banfjya), m. trade, traffic, mefchandise. s. 

y^^ W^miX banjdrdy m. a grain-merchant ; 

also a carrier of grain. The term banjdra or hirin- 
Jara is also applied to a distinct dass of Tagrants. 
They are Hindtls, but do not belong to any parti- 
cular caste or part of the country. They live in 
tents, and travel about like gipsies, s. 

ijj^ W«|illi!) banjdrty f. a kind of tent used 

by baqj&ris ; a4J. half-boUed (grain). A. 
j^ W«nf^ banjar, f. waste land ; land which 

has not been cultivated for five years and upwards. 
banjar-jadld, land brought into cultivation after lying 
some time fallow, banjar hadlm, land left fallow for 
some jears. banjar- kamit abatement of rent for fal- 
low land, banjar l^riji jam\ waste land excluded 
from the rental. A. 

^^' W^ifftR banjin, lands close by a village ; 

name of a weed about three feet high, which springs 
up among harvest crops. A. 


( 126 ) 

^*^ fnR hinjanf m. saace, condiments ; 

pordcolarl/ Tegetables dretaed with batter, kc ftnd 
added to flesh or fish ; (in grammar) a conflooant. «. 

^^4^ ^Nd<A hanjhoti, f. a medicine taken 

^9 produoe barrenneia. A. 

sjaif ^T%icr banijya, m. trade, traffic. #• 
^V^ ^ninn ^ancAana, a,, to make or hear 

onexead. i. 

l^l^ banchdnd (for hackana), a. to sa^ve or 

protect d, [lection, d. 

jljS? bancha,o (for backofo), m. safetj, pro- 

j^ Wl^ ban-char, m. literally, " wood- 
goer" ; any wild animal, mich as a monkey, &c. : it 
also denotM a forester or woodman, t. 

iSj^ ^nnvr) banckart, a kind of high jungle- 
grass, of which wild elephants are verj fond. «. 

U^ ^^^wTT banchna, n. to be read or perused, h. 
JJJ band, m. a fastening, a knot, a bandage ; 

binding, literally or jBguratively, as a tie, a cord ; 
fetters, imprisonment ; an agreement, pledge, or pro- 
mise ; a contract ; a regulation ; a dyke, mound, dam, 
or embankment ; a verse of a song consisting of two 
or three oonplets; belt, roll, string, joint, knuckle. 
band-lsbiSna, m. a prison, band^bdndkntit to restrain an 
inundation with dykes, band-meik-and^ to become a 
captive, band-rahnd, to be engaged in a business. 
hand-^kufhna^ to succeed in an affair, band pakarndt 
to object to the arguments of an opponent, band- 
meh parndt to become a captive, bana-band-pakarnd, 
to seue (as rheumatism, ftc) all one's joints. band4c. 
or band'kar dend, a. to make fast, to shut or bar (a 
door). In composition it denotes fitstening, enchain- 
ing, or fixing, as na'l-band, a blacksmith, one who 
ftstens on horses' shoes. dev4fttnd (epithet 6f an an- 
cient hero), the enchainer of demons. In Persian, 
band denotes hope or wish ; also " a trick of fence," 
a stratagem, band-farmudan, to imprison, p, 

tXjJ band, the limbs, members, d. 

«3jo l^nc bind, f. a spot, dot, mark ; the na- 
sal dot anutwdra. m, 

tjjj ip^ bandd or tfir band a, m. mis- 
tletoe, a kind of epidendron {Epidendron tetselloidet, 
JtoxA.). «. 

\i^ Vf^ bundd, m« a drop, point, a dot. s. 
1 Jjj bindd, m. a bundle, a sheaf, a faggot, d. 
^JJJ in^ bandd, a grain-magazine above 

ground, h, 

y«\jj banddrd, m. a shore, or coast, d. 

J\(yjJ f^nCI9 binddl, f. a medicinal herb. h. 

U^tXjj bandana (for bandhdnd), a. to cause 
to bie fastened, &c. d, 

(^\jb«\jj i|^i|4lll^ band-batdtif f* account of 

each share of assessment in grain, h. 
Cam»\(V (3J^ bandrbarddjfht, an account of 

the share of an instalment to be paid by each vil- 
lager, p. 

{Jj^ ^ ^^^^<!i band-behrt, f. statement 

of the amount of each money instalment of a vil- 
lage, p. fu 

iu3\^(3jj band^hanta, an account of Uie 

shares of the liabiUties of a village, p. A. 
J^(3jj incin^ band'tdl or -fa/, damming up 

a water-course for the purpose of irrigation, k, 

Ci^Lm»- SjJ band-hisdb, an abstract a^ 

oovnt. p.«. 

s^dJO bandi jatn, the act of allotting to 

each cultivates an equal portion of good and bad 
lands, p. 0. 

jjj^ ^n?^ bandar, m. a monkey, an ape. (. 
jdX} bandar, m. a citj, an emporiam ; a 

port, harbour, a trading town to which numbers of 
foreign merchants resort, a mart or maricet. p. 

)^(Xjo H^i\ bandrd, m. mistletoe (v. banda). i. 
yZ^jS^ ^t^iMfk bandar-hhat, m. a sore 

that does not heal; a running sore, an issue. «. 

i^j Jjj ^1^ bandari, f. a sort of chintz from 

Machhll-bandar ; a sword from Bl^bandail ; name of 
a grass used as fodder for cattle, h, 

i^j^ W^^T^ bandri, ^f. a female mos- 
U;(3jj if^fV^I bandariyd,} key. $• 

iJjumJjj bandi sel, a contract of sale. p. e» 
(jmJjj bandish, f. lit. tying, binding, or 

making up ; preparing a false story, making up a falie 
account oi a transaction, invention, contrivance ; el^ 
gancy (of style), bandish-bdndkna, a. to oontrive; to 
form a plot p. 

j\ »i^ J.i.> bind-kuskdd. m. gemen ciio emittens, 

morbo t^ectut, A. p. [slaves, f, 

^l^jj^ bandagdn (pi. of bandd), servants, 
ijCM bandagi, f. slavery; devotion; ser- 

**vioe, compliment bandagi meik ]^^udd^., to aflfect 
authority while in servitude, p. [rice. h. 

^iXJO ^n^[^ bandli, a species of Rohilcnnd 

O Ji^ (3JJ bandi muddat, a stated period for 
the settlement of an account p. a. [bind, fce. d, 

UjJO bandnd (for bandhnd, q. y.), a. to 
j1y(3JJ ^i|f«nVK bandanwdr, f. a wreath or 

garland of leaves and flowers suspended across gste> 
ways on marriages or public festivals. «. 

^jH^.y Jjj band-naKu,9i. clcrk,an accountant.;?. 

\ jtXjj bandujd, m. a prisoner, a captive, f^ 

C^* »*> m ^ bandrihbast, m. literally, " binding 
and Mstening"; settlement, regulation, disposidoD. 
arrangement; economy, management, govemnient 
band-o-basti datvdml, permanent settlement band-o- 

basti mi *dd or -sar-sari, temporary or summanr settle- 
ment, band-o-basti tnulk^ the sum total of the Ttrt 
nue of a kingdom or province, p. 

^j^jjjj &an^-o-&£r<^,f. arranging, economy; 

" a<jy. of or relating to settlement, &c. band-o-boiti par- 
wdna or sanad, patent, warrant or deed of settlemeat 
band-o-b<uti tar-rishla-ddr, a revenue-oflBcer attached 
to some courts in Bengal, p. 


C 127 ) 


Jj^ ^^^ handor, f. a female alare. h. 
JjjjJ banduk, f. a musket. (Whence comes 

the word banduk f It is not known either to the 
Tuilu or Persiant. The neareit approach to it I have 
ever lieard ia the African- Arabic term bundukiyva, M- 
terall J rignifying ** Venetian,** and formerly applied to 
a cross- bow, but in recent times to a gun, as the de- 
somdants of the Arabs in Egypt, Morocco, and Bar- 
bery obtained tliese weapons chiefly from Yenice. — 
Binning.) a. 

i^g^^t^ handukchtf uu a musketeer. a,t. 
Jj«Sa> ^^4 bandol, m. the child of a slave, h, 
\^jSjif W«g^ handuha, m. a whirlwind. A. 
>jjj ^^ bandkf m. a pledge, a deposit; m. f. 

binding, tying, bandage, a tie, or fetter ; a banic, a 
d jke. a moond for confining water ; a Tillage boundary ; 
boodle, impriaonment. oandh mdi paptd or ana, to 
become a captiye. s. 

>i)jj ^T^ bandhu, m. a kinsman^ a friend. 

(▼. boiidftii). lutndhutd, f. a multitude of relations and 
ftiends ; relationship, friendriiip. bandhtUwa, m. re- 
lationship, friendship, bandhu^an, a relation, a friend. 
handku-datti^ given by a kinsman ; m. the property 
given to a bride by her relatives, bandhu-htn, fiiend- 
m, relationleas. x. 

IM handa, a slave, servant, handa-parmar, 

cherisher of servants (a respectful expression used in 
sddressing a superior, i.e. your honour), bandar 
dargih, the slave of (your) threshold. banda-zddOt 
•on of (your) slave, i.e. thine humble servant, bandar 
iMwoz. cherisher of servants or dependants, p. 

UjjJ handaha (pl*)> servants^ slaves, p, 
^UjjJ ^iVT«f bandhdUf m. peasion, a fixed 

sflowanoe to any 9pe ; raised earthen embankments 
for flooding lands ; purchase of grain in advance of 
harvest s. [shut, &c. s. 

UUjJi^ 4 411111 boTidhdnd, a. to bind, fasten, 
(3^0jj ^«M1h1 bandhdniy m. one whose biisi- 

' ness is to carrr stone or timber, &a, over his shoulder ; 
a peniioner ; a gunner, an artillerynian. A. 

^^jjj W^s^T^ bandhdfiy f. bond, binding, 

"fastenii^. ». 

fi Jb«vb W4IA«9 bandka-tantra, m. a com- 
plete army, or one with its four divisions of elephants, 
chsriots, horse, and foot, v. ehatwranga, s, 

jkfjiiXiJ '^^^[^ftn bandhu-jiv, m. a flower 

(Pentapetes phcenicea). 9, 

Ji^^X^^bandhuTy m. a flower {^Pentapetes 

pAomieea); a drug, commonly called blrang: a drug 
esIiedritAaM; acnme. #. 

i ];^«yjj ^^^ bandhttrd, f. a whore, a prosti- 

! tnte.' s. 

• dU jjj V'^nv bandhdhj m. a pledge, a pawn ; 

Mading, confinement, a. 

, ,yJ^tVl> W^nrt bandhalit, f. an imchastc 
I "woDum, a harlot ; a barren woman, jl 

' ^;I^iXa> tpq^ handhafiy m. fastening, bandage ; 

I obstacle, hinderance. bandhan-rajju, f. any rope used 
for tying. &affdikaa>gra»/AJ, ro. the knot of a ligature. «. 

U^iXb W^i|vn bandhndy n. to be tied, to be 

fastened; to be continuous, to be kept, enclosed, 
formed, or composed, bandht mufhi, an undisclosed in- 
tention, f. 

^iXa^ ft^^«IT bindhnd, a. to sting, to bite ; n. 

to be bored or pierced. «. 

^Ij^ Jjj i|4|'tllc$i| bandhancUayj m. a prison. 

j^jjj ^^y^bandhu, W'g bandhu, or WW ftfl»- 

dhava, a friend, kinsman, but especially a distant cog- 
nate, subsequent in rivht of inheritance to the gentile 
Sugotra : the bandhu is of three kinds, the kinsman 
of the person himself, of his father, and of his mother ; 
a flower {Pentaipete* phcenkea), s. 

\^S}>i W^JBH bandhuyd, m. friend. VOTT 

bandhttUfd, a prisoner. «. 

U^y^Ojj ir«M'i|tii bandhrvdnd, to cause to be 

bound ; to accuse, s, 

{^j^\j^dJJ^ H^mn bandkwds, land embanked 

all around so as to retain the water, h, 

jjib(>JJ bandhur, m. purchase of grain in advance 

of harvest. A. 

U^^43JJ W^ bandhuk, m. a shrub bearing 

a red flower (Ptute^et vftetnieea) ; also applied to the 
Ixora bandhu f a tree {Pentaptera tomentosa), ban- 
dhuk^pushp, m. the blossom of the same tree, t, 

^JJ^ Wf^niT bandhiydf an embankment (v. 

bandhdn). s, 

Ulft jjj iRin bandhyd, f. a childless woman ; 

a barren cow ; a perfume called bdUU # . 

2^i)a> ^^^ bandhej, m. parsimony; sta- 
bility, steadiness, persistence. A. 

^^^y f^^ iTH^i^ bandhi mutki, f. an 

"undisclosed intention. A. 

ftA^(3j:> Weq^5afi£fAya, barren, unfruitful; de- 
tained, confined, s, 

(^i3jj bandt, f. a female slave or servant ; m. 

prisoner, captive, bandi-l^na or bandi-griha, a 
ison-house. In law and revenue language bandi 

a prisoner, captive, bandi-l^na or bandi-griha, a 

Srison-house. In law and revenue language bandi 
enotes agreement, arrangement; distribution, allow- 

ance ; deduction or charge : it is also the name c^a cer- 
tain dry measure, fk j. 

(^JjJ W^ bandi, f. the name of an ornament 

worn on the forehead ; a dress shorter than the Jima ; 
m. name of a tribe caUed Bha^ a bard. s. 

4^JJJ f%^ bindt, f. a spot, dot, mark ; the 
naaal dot anutwara, s. 

b i3^ ^f^^ bundiydf f. a kind of sweetmeats 

(like drops), s. 

(«^iyjJ il^^hni banH^ant m. a kind of oma^ 

ment; a bard. A. [captives. #. 

jb^,(^jo 'T*<1'Jt bandi-griha, m. a house for 
^.<^ 7*^^ ^fideldf a spurious tribe of 

raj' puts, who give name to the province of Bundle- 
cund {Bundel'khandy. A. [soner. s 

^y>,i^ V^t^P^ bandivodn^ a captive, a pri- 


\^jj 4fT handay m. mistletoe, a kind of ept- 

dendron. K [stidu* or straw, Sus. «. 

^Jjj hinda^ m. a faggot, a bundle of firewood, 
t JjJ 11?^ bundd, m. a kind of ornament worn 

on the ears. A. [devil. A, 

\i>ydJJ niffl bandohdy m. a whirlwind ; a 
i^JjJ 4lft ^anii, f. short robe, a short full 

jama, A. 

(«JjJ &an^t, f. a cart or carriage of any kind, 

called by Europeans in the Camatic '* a bandy." d. 

(CjJ^JjJ ^i<^ bandertf f. a ridge-pole, the 

ridge of a house. A. 

Vj^ W«rn banrdf m. a bridegroom. A. 

ifji^ HAC\ banri, f. a bride. A. 

fj«*J^ 4^ &anf (for vanslui), m. a descendant, 

offspring ; race, lineage, family ; a bamboo. «; 

LJj ihn bansdy a species of grass which grows 

in rice-fields : it is used as fodder for cattle. A. 

jJI^UJj ^tfrni^ bansdrvoR, f. a genealogy, s. 

i2L-^r V ba-nUbat, with regard to, concern- 
ing, p, a, 
^^LJo banrsaldmu f. a fee exacted by the 

'^xaminddr firom the cultivator for permission to collect 
the juice of the forest date-trees, s. a. 

cr^^ U*^ 4v<^^** bans'lochanf m. the 

manna or sugar of the bamboo (it has been ibnnd by 
analysis to contain much siliceous earth), t. 

VjuJj fmRT binamdf n. to perish, to be- 
come spoiled, s. 
^^Jj iUft or wnft bamly f. (for vansht) a 

"flute ; a fishing-hook ; a kind of wheat with blackish 
ears; in comp. of the race or Ibieage. bansi-baf, m. 
the fig-tree under which Krishna was aocnstomed to 
play the lute. s. 

&lajj banafsha, f. a violet p. 

(^Juj 4«l bank, m. a bending, a curvature; 

readiof ariver. t. 

{j^ WlfT^ bankdfh f- a bending, a curva- 
ture, the reach or bend of a river. «. 

merchant, a youn^ merchant. bamk-pfUri, a young 
woman of the Bamyft tribe, s. [merce. a. 

A^^e^V VfVl^M^ banik-pathf m. traffic, com- 

IKjJ ihfTT banktd, the crop on the field ir- 
recoverably spoiled. A. 
lioJ WI^iA ban-kafi or ban-kattl^ f.a fee paid 

"for cutting timber; the right obtidned by clearing a 
jungle and bringing it under cultivation. A. 

\jSijJ 4*^1%^ ban-kataiyd, m. name of a 

**prickly phmt (v. bang-kafiya), A. 

ia> ^f^t^K bankar, spontaneous produce of 

jungle or forest land, such as gums, honey, &c ; also 
revenue from woods and forests. A. [ropes. A. 

ijjj^ ^H^ra bankas, grass used in making 

( 128 J ^ 

)jJm W^RWT ban-kanddf cow-dung fomid in 

a jnngle or forest, and used for fiieL A. 
]j^^ V^nrn bankhard, lands on which cotton 

has grown during the past season. A. 

4304^^ 1«I#I ban-khandj m. a forest. «• 
i/^^^^e;^ WHII^lA ban-Uiandif m. the name 

of a celebrated Ibrest in India. A. 

vf/jj banfff f. hemp (CanabU sativd) ; an in- 
toxicating potion made from the leaves of hemp. ^ 

iS^^^bang^ f. calx of tin, given internally 
as an aphrodisiac; name of Bangfilft (Bengal), s. 

UCjJ bingdf crooked, awry, distorted, d. 

ICjj WWT bangd, m, a joint of bamboo root j 
a kind of soil ; well-water slightly brackish. A. 

^ICj YII9T bangdldy the province of Bengal 

hangaR, m. hangalin, f. an inhabitant of BengaL «. 

l\t^ bungdhy f. bagcrage, luggage ; the tents, 

stores, furniture, &c., of an army. p. 

J^*^-^ VfVl^^l^ banig-blidOy m. traffic, 

trade. «. 

iSj^ Hy^ bangfiy f. an ornament worn on 

the wrist (properly of glass), a bangle or bracelet made 
of glass or lac /u 

\CluJ WyiTT bangkd, an aquatic beetle that 

eats rice-plants. A. 
\jj^ \£jjj ^iHkHs^l bang-katiydj a species of 

solanum resembling a thistle (not of any use). A. 

^^fi^ Wfprt bangkt, a species of rice cnlti- 

"^vated in Benares. A. 

^Uuj ^nf^ bangld, m. kind of thatched 

house, commonly called by Europeans a " bungakw^ 
a sort of betel-leaf so called. A. 

Uljoj y yC^m bangliydy name of a species of 

rice. A. [in forests. A. 

l^jjjj Y^iftt&|6an-^ai/iiMa,cow-dungfoand 

^JuJ ^ri^ bangij f. a humming-top. A. 
/JoJ bangt, m. one who intoxicates himself 

**with bang. p» 

JU1> Wnn^ ban-mdly f. a garland of va- 
rious flowers (usually those of the tultf) reaching to 
the feet «. 

|JI»J^ VvPVTgft ban-mdH, one who wears a 

''banMnal ; an epithet of J&uj^rra. $. 

tyj\^ W«IHHN 6an-mantM, m. a man of the 

woods, a wild man ; an oran-fltang. s. 

Ujj banndy binnd, bunnd. v. Uj. 

(<j1 Jj V«nTd ^annrari, m. one of the names 

(j«»\Jj tnriT^ ban'Vds, m. separated from 

one's fiunily, living in a wood ; met disinherited (a 
son). «. [made or formed. A. 

UUb inr^Tsn banwdndy a* to cause to be 

yj ( 129 ) 

«^ ij^ V^nr^ banwOft, £ price paid for making 

uBjibbig. A. [weaving. A. 

ij^y^ ftnnT^ hinwa,i, f. price paid for 
>ijy^yi ^^W9h banotsargf m. a ceremony 

perfiHmed in hooour of a newlj-plaated orchard t it 
■omewhat resembles a marriage ceremony, (v, Wil- 
ton's GkMsaiy). «. 

jyj ^tWK banwaVf m. f. a creeper, vine. s. 

^y^ ftl<i)fV.m binaitriyd, m. name of an 
herb used as fiidder for cattle, h. 

^y^ PfH^^I bmatUd, m. the seed of the cot- 

too-tree fit is said to be very latteninff food for cattle). 
&naa2a ckahna, a. to say unpleasant mings. h. 

^J^ HVvlt^l binauU, f. bail (of a smaller 

*kind). A. 

^j^ fw<(V«n binauna, a. to adore, to venerate, 

to rerere, to land. 9, 

jjjb tHv banwandj m. a creeper, a vine. h. 

^^y^^nA^ banmaiya^ m. maker, manufac- 
turer. K [household furniture, p, 

«b huna or bunna, m. basis, root, domesticp, 

l^ W»^ bankd, m. a conjarer. A. 

jV^ V^TfnC banihar, a labourer whose ser- 
vioes sre paid in hamUf or in kind. A. 

{:^tt^ vr^^ilM franAf^an, m. a bridegroom. A. 
^l|I>if«|[T^tonAa,t,f. a female conjuror, an 

endiantresa. A. 

^1^r(^(tn^Aar,m. a gatherer of cotton. A. 
ijj W«ft ^ni, f. a bride. A. 
j; Y^ bam, f. a small forest ; a wood. «• 
J> fnm &tna^ (for vtna^a), m. humilitj, 

* humble entreaty, ooortesy, good-nature, s . 

^ 6ani (pi. of ^\)f sons, banirudam, sons 

"of Adtm; men. toil tjr£^, children of Inrael. Is- 
rselitcs. a 

^ ^tA ^anni, a portion of grain given to a 
Isboorer as a remuneration for his services. A. 

^ Wfiinn or ^^ffffin baniyd (also banyd), m. a 

■hopkeeper, a merchant ^usually a oom-ehandler), a 
Hindfi money-changer : in Calcutta this term is ap- 
plied to the HindQ partner or cash-keeper of a Euro- 
pcs&Srm. «. 

dul; hunydd, f. foundation, base, origin. 

Intfod ialna, to lay the foundation, to found (a 
dty. fcc). p. 

imUjj Om^iW banaiyd'kandd, m. cow- 
ing dried for fuel (not made up). A, 

[J^ ifH^ haniydtt or banyan, m. a trader, 

s merchant (▼. ftoirtyd). p, 

{J^ bunyan, f. foundation, basis, a. 

i^y^ ^rftniPni baniydyan or baniyd,m, f. 

wife of a baniya (a trader). A. 

j^JuJj W!^ baneti or '^^^ banaiti, f. a torch 

"lighted at both ends and whirled round so as to form 
a double drcle of fire, h, 

f^ Wvfhf baiiij, m. trade, traffic, s. 
C^lxb W^ftw bantk, m. a merchant, a trader, s. 
^1^ ^«)<i9l baneld or if^^T banaild, wild, of 

the forest, s. 

^^^juj w^ril banainif f. wife of a baniyd^ k. 
Jl^^ V«Om<j& &anin;a/, a subdivision of the 

Bhangt caste. A. 

^,bu (for y^), father; possessed of ; gene* 

rally used In composition with another word, as da-/- 
*ajdbt father of wonder, or possessed of wonder, mar-' 
vellous. a. 

y> bo or buj f. smell, odour, bvrhash one who 

inhales the scent or odour of any substance, p, 

y ift 5o (root of ^ona), sowing, cultivation. A. 
y ^ ban, the fee or perquisite of the za- 

mlnd&r whenever a daughter of any cultivator in his 
village is married. A. 

i^ |nVT buyd, f. sister ; also an aunt by the 

father's side. A. 

u^)^ barvTvdb, a janitor or porter, a. 

ft^^y ^nn^ bawddd, m. a kind of herb, some- 
what like turmeria A. 

y ^ VtVKT bOfdrd, m. seedtime^ sowing. A. 
ftliM»1y ba'^dsita, by reason, because of. p^a. 
J^^^ bawdsir (pi. o{ jyM\>), the piles or 

hemorrhoids, a. 

(j**^^ y bu-t-hawas, desirous ; m. a block- 
head, a wavering, fickle person. du-^^OMPOtt, t whim* 
caprice, a. 

UVy WtWTilT bofindf a. to cause to sow } n. 

(from 65, smeU), to stink, to emit a smelL A. 
d\^ ^nr^ biwdh, m. marriage, s. 

^V '^^^^ bawdhd, pocky, affected with 

lues venerea, A. 

lS )y ^nr^ &an7a,i, f. a kibe, or chap on the 

foot, a chilblain. «. [seedtime, h, 

(Jf )yi ^f^^n^ bodyt, f. sowing, the act of sowing; 
(^y iJW&o^, the sowingof grain by the driU.A. 
by Tftift bohd, m. goods and chattels, pro- 

perty ; a bundle, h, 

;.dby bubak, m. an old simpleton, d. 

yiyi 1^ bubut a sister; (in the west of In- 

dia) a lady (for^MU); a fisvonrite concubine, or one 
of superior rank. A. 

^y ( 

K>y> ^n huta, m. strength, power, ability, h. 

\3y hota, m. a young camel, p. 

Ol5y hutat (for bu^tat), m. account of 

hoiuebold expense, a. 

^^y> biiiati, relating to household expense, a. 

yy ^ftl^^otu, m. a he-goat. A. 

«3y 2it<fa, m. a crucible, melting-pot; a bush, 

a shrub, p, 

Uy^j (Jy hauti'Zamin (corruptly -jamin), 

land held by the owner of a nllage in his own posses- 
sion to give out to the peasants for cultivation, h.p, 

\^y> buttmar, a heron, p, 

^y> ^ but, m. a kind of pulse, chick-pea 

{Cicer arietinum). h, 

CL>^ ^fte bot, the finger, finger's breadth. /*. 
uy IRT buta,m, a flower, particularly worked 

on cloth, or painted on paper, &c.; a bush, a shrub. 
bute-diir, a (lowered (cloth). butd-Jraddt applied to de 
scribe the small stature and exquisite proportion of a 

beloved person, h. 


L^yf W4T bufi, f. drugs ; flowers or sprigs (on 

** muslin), sprigs of a plant, h. 

{j^yi ^^W bofiy f. a morsel (or lump) of meat. h. 
jki>.y ba-wajh or ba-wajhe-ki, in a way; in 

such a way that. p. a. 

0^y> ^{Hi bujh, f. understanding, comprehen- 
sion, hujh'-ket wittingly, t. 

0^j> ^tlR. bojhf "I m. a load, weight, ballast 

l^y Wt*l|;j bojhaj of a boat or ship, bojh 

p<ikarnd, to affect a new delicacy or consequence, to 

five one's self airs (it is generally spoken in raillery). 
Mh sir par hona, applied to a task, the performance 
of which is become indispensable: in agricultural lan- 
guage the bojh or load comprises about five dhokas of 
com (v. dhok&y h, 

^ l^y bujhd-bujhlf f. a game among 

130 ) 


"children : one of them is blindfolded, and must guess 
which of the others touches him. s, [tion. s. 

L^^^y ^JBJ^ biijlidft, f. teaching, instrue- 
t^^ry 'l^'^ bojhd,t, f. lading (a cargo), h. 
i/^if^j^ Wl*bW^l^ bq}h'batd,i, f. a mode 

of division by stacks or bundles of mowed com. h. 

J^y ^Tt«R]9 bojhal, loaded, laden, heavy. A. 
Jt^y 6tt-ja/i/ (v. abu-jahl), adj. foolish, a. 
^^^y, ^JCTT bujknd, a. to understand, to 

make out or comprehend; to think, bujh-lend (at 
cards), to settle the account of gain and loss. s. 

^4?"y ^frtB?n bojhndy a. to load ; to scald or 

parch rice, h, 

Jj^y ^^ bojhel, loaded, burdened, h. 
^y> W^ bochy m. an alligator, h. 

Vy ^vWt bochd, m. a kind of sedan, a chai^ 

palkl. h. [out ears, k 

U»y ^[^ buckdy ra. buchl, f. ear-cropt, with- 
]j^y bochrd, chipped or notched on the edge.i 
L»^^ ^Hj buchnd, n. to sit in a confined 

posture, to crouch, h. 

jl^^ ifhsrc ftattcAAar,! f.driviDgrain,i?ind 
jV^d*j^ ijtirnr battchhdrfj and rain. A 

liy bud, f. existence, being } a dwelling. M 
bdthf residence, dwelling, p, 

\dy ift^ bodfiy weak, faint-hearted, low- 
spirited ; m. a buffalo ; (in Dakh.) boda-kS^iiitt blot- 
ting paper. A. 

\i^y> bodd, m. the nave of a wheel, d, 
j^jy h<hddr or 5u-{^ar» fragrant, scented; iD.a 

kind of leather so called, p. 

(^bi^y bud'bdsh, f. existence, subsistenee; 

residence, abode, p. 

j^y> '^(^ bodar, a place to stand on for thow 

who raise water from a welL h. 

^^^y 'fhr^ bodltff. a simple woman, trollop} 

"a woman who lives with a be^nawd fdkJr, and dresses 
like a man. A. 

(j^y budan (root burv or bask), -to be. J9. 

J^,^y> if^ bodh, m. understanding, know- 
ledge. «. 

»^ ^fN bodh, m. a security. A. 

^dj} ifHr bauddha, m. a Buddhist s, 

^^y> "^tlt boddhd, ingenious, intelligent, 
s .-nslble. #. 

idSi^ii^ Whni bodhak, ro. a teacher. «. 

^t>^ ^rhn bodhan, ro.1 knowledge, teach- 

»,f./ ing; 
arousing. *. 

ij^'^y} Wtvft bodhani 

ig; awakeningi 


U^i3ft^ ^hlV«n bodhnd, a. to wheedle, s. 

\iSj^ hudd, old, aged ; m. an old man. hMi, f« 
an old woman, d, 

^^ jy bud'pan (also hud-pand), m.old age. fl. 
Ijbjy budhd, m. an old man ; adj. aged, a* 
Uo^ClbSy ij^^ifm budhgan/jd, the old bed of 

the Ganges bilow Hastiiuipur, &c. h, 

jy> ift^ bor, deep ; m. studs of gold or silver. A. 
jyy ^ [;5/-, barren (land) J f. chaff, husk, l^- 

kd'la4d&, a sort of sweetmeat made with the ^^^ 
grain. The confectioners avow the irapositicD, «"" 
cry out t > )>as8enger8. "You'll repent if you cat it, or 
regret your tasting it." Hence great men are Koae- 
times called bur-kd laddu, when th\y make a practice 
of encouraging their dependants to hope, but do no- 
thing for them at last. The term also means any V^ 
son or thing which is fair without and foul within, or 
that promises well but turns oat bad; a well'looiUB|{i 
but stupid fellow, h. 

I I 



]j^ ^J bura, m. a coarse kind of sugar; 

tawdort; powder; redeemable mortgage. A. 

1;^ ^^ bora, m. a canvass bag (particularlj 

tar holding aboat two maunds of rice), a eack ; a kind 
of bean like French beam {Dolichct catsang). h. 

^jj> ^ItTT baura, m. mad, insane. A. 

^j> wtrPU baurorpa, Im.madnessi state 
f:^^ Vlrnn baura-panji of insanity, h. 

^jji^ vtiHI bauranOf n, to be mad, to mad- 
den, k. 

(3]l^ burant, f. a kind of food, consisting 

^ the fmit of the egg-plant (Baingan) fried in sour 
milk. p. 

^\^ wtrniT baurahdf mad, insane. A. 
«^^y bor^bachcha, m. a leopard, d. 
Jj^j3 biirat, or baurak, m. borax, a. 

^jj> buma, a. to sbew, to scatter about, d. 
})yi ^f^ bcrOf m. rainbow; marsh rice (Elliot 

GIohl); the name of a kind of rice which is cut in 
March (Hunter), froro /a</, the season of cutting this 
xioe. k. [^o/om for writing, p. 

^^ burn or boruj a tube, pipe ; a reed or 
tjj> liura, borax; nitre for soldering, p. 
i}y> horOf m. redeemable mortgage; a sack 

for bidding rice, h, 

li^y ^fl^P baurhd, mad, insane. A. 

i^j^ ^it^ bauri, f. mad» an insane woman. A. 

\ij^ hariifa or burfyOf m. a kind of mat. bu- 

riyd^y, a nut maker, p. [eatsang), h, 

\]j> ^vtfT bora, m. a kind of bean (^Dolicho$ 

ll^ ^^9 deafy dull of bearing, d. 

^j^jj> V|tlif|l bur-mama, n. to be drowned, 

to & bj drowning. A. 

^jj> l^nsfT borndy a. to cause to dive. A. 
I3j^ ^J?n burndyTi, to dive; to drown, to be 

inimeiged, to dip. A- 

'^y ^ burhdj m. an old man ; adj. old, 

aged. MifAd-drAd, aged, of mature years, h, 

^'^J^ iprmr hurhdpd, also burhd-pan, m. 

oldsge. fc. 
t^jj> ^ burij f. a point of a spear ; a spike 

in the end of a staff, k. 

^y ^fpn burhfd^ m. a direr. A. 

j^ Z»az, m. cream-coloured (a horse), p, 

|)y friiM (vulgarljr bozd\ m. beer. Mlre- 

ttne, a beer<«bop, a '* boozins-ken ;" the latter term 
is probably a corruption of ouM-i&diui, introduced 
into Europe by the gypsies, p. 

/liy buzdgavj m. a brewer, a maker of or 

^«aier in the stuff called buza, p. 

131 ) uiJ^ 

KjfJ^j^ buzdgari, f. brewing (of buzd) p, 
aJ>jy> buzna, also bozTui and bozntna, m. a 

monkey, an ape. p. 

dj^ baza, m. the name of a bird (^Ibis denu^ 

data ? Buck,) ; a Idnd of beer (v. huzd). p. 

iu>;^ buzina, an ape, monkey, p. 

i^jt»^ bos (in compos.) kissing, saluting, p. 

CL^\Mty} ba-tvasdlaty by means of. p. a. 

^JCu»^ bostdn or &tL;/an, m. a pleasure-gar- 
den ; name of a celebrated work by the Persian poet 
and moralist Sa*di. p. 

jLL) J (^j*»y> bos kindr, m. kissing and toy- 
ing; dalliance, p. 
«M»^ bosa, m. a kiss, bosa'bdzi, f. kissing 

and toying, bota-dena or Una, to kiss. p. 

f^^ bosi, kissing, used in com p. as kadavi- 
"both kissing the feet, t.«. obeisance, p. 

^^jyMtfy boadan, to kiss, embrace, p. 

9jju«»^ bonda, stale, rotten, bosidagi, f. rot- 
tenness ; also part having kissed, p. 

p 9? fco yA T A wrapper, a pouch, bogh^and^ m. 

the cloth in which any thing (particularly a saddle) is 
wrapped up. p. 

\^yt bogbrd, m. a dish made of boiled meat, 

flour, &C. &fl gV fl niArdind, to be well beaten ; some- 
what akin to our phrase '* having his grueL" p. 

l»Py bo^vidt m. trumpery, trifles, scraps, 

rags, Stc, the stores of a wallet; ugly and £st 
(woman), p. 

'jO buk, m. a trumpet, clarion, a. 
03u? ba-wakt, at the time, in the time. p.a. 
^fJSo bu'^Mlamunf m. a chameleon, (hence) 

any thing of various hues ; adj. various, wonderfuL a. 

ftlSy bokla or buiila, m. potherb, a. 

^^ W ft 5 A, land recovered by the reces- 
sion ofa river. A. 

(Jjy ihw boky m. a he-goat, a ram, a tup. s. 
\^o >raT ftvAa, m. powder ; small pearls. A. 
%0 Wt^ bokd, m. a basket, pail, or leather 

bag for throwing water to a higher elevation. A. 

'j^y WJinTT bukdrd, land (previously reco- 
vered as buk, q. v.\ but rendered useless by a deposit 
of sand. A. 

l/y Wtmr bokrd, m. a he-goat. s. 

(jryy Wt^S^ bohri, f. a she-goat. «. 
jiy bokar, m. a he-goat (big-bearded). (;?. 
\j^ ^!!^'^ ftiiAna, a. to powder, to grind, to 

reduce to powder. A. 

dS^ boltOy m. a basket or leather bag used 

for raising water, h, 

K <6 

Jy fft^ hoi, m. inyrrh. s. 

Jy ^f^ hoi, m. speech, talk, conversation ; 
wordB of a song, h, 

J«^ haul, m. urine. hauMan, a chamber- 
pot bottl-gah, the urethra, a. 

5)^ W^T ftfltt/a, toothless. A. 

^y irt^ fto/a, m. a verbal agreement be- 
tween two parties, h. [tion. h, 

JU-^y Ht<$l^l<jn hold'Chali, f. conversa- 

^^f> haulana (v. haurana), u. to be mad. 

holana (Dakh. for 6u/afM, q. v.). h, 

^b Jy ^ <^m<S l hol'hala, m. a kind of bene- 
diction, hol'hala hona, to prosper. A. [moo. d, 
U^jA? Jy hol-hhejna, a. to send for, to sum- 
U5y ^9in Jo/<a, ra. the faculty of speech ; 

soul, life, h, 

JW J«^ ^(J^iir^ hoUchal, f. conversation, h, 
USy <n^Hl holna, n. to speak ; to sound, to 

emit sound ; to tell, to say. hoi ufhnS, to speak out, 
to exclaim, bol ehalnd, to converse, speak together. 
bole so bolna, to speak repeatedly. A. 

LT^y ift^ir holahi, making over one's own 

share to another. A. 

i<*-Jy ^ift^^ holansi, the holder of another's 

**«hare or inheritance ; an adopted heir. A. 

^Jy ift^ fefltt/i, f. settlement direct with the 

"peasant ; also a kind of assessment. A. 

<Jy 'ft^rt boH, f. speech, dialect, language; 
"conversation, talk. 6<rfi-A., tojeer, tojest A. 

{Jy^ ,Jy Wt^nitc^l holi'thoU, f. jeering, 

"speaking a^ hut not to a person. Ao/t fkoR sunana or 
mama, to reproach, to blame. A. 

^y bum, m. an owl ; land, ground, soil. p» 
A^ bom, m. \ weeping, wailing, lamenta- 
{jy^^y homfi, f.J tion; interj. alas! d. 

\3y iTt«n 5onaf a. to sow, to plant, s. 
\iy>^ffmhauna, m. a dwarf; the fifth avatar, 

or incarnation of Vishnu, s. 

ulLoy ^ffz hont, ro. a stalk, h. 

(JlJy ^m hunt, m. a kind of pulse when 

green {Cicer arietinum); the plant of bunf; a^j. little 
compact and firm (epithet hp plied to a pony ; some- 
times used substantively). A. Ibunp, q. y. A. 

tt^Ji^y hunt puldw, m. a pulaw made of 
cLo*y W^ hont, a finger (same as angul). d* 

Jy> bunj, mould, mustiness. hunj-hhara, very 

musty, d, 

j3y w^ bund, f. drop, bund la bund (shardb, 

understood), very strong wine ; doubly-distlUed spi- 
rits, &c. s. 

( 132 ) 


dJ^ Wt^ bund, good, well, excellent; high 
soaring (generally applied to kites). A. 

^jjy bundaki, f, a spot, bundakl'dar, 

"spotted, d, 

\t^y> W^ bundd, m. a large drop, hunda' 

bdttdtt small and Interrupted dropping of rain. 

ij'^^ Y^ hundi, f. drops of rain ; name of 

a place ; a kind of sweetmeat in the Harm of drops, i, 

^tV^ ^t^^l bundeld, name of a tribe of 

raj-putt^ who give name to the province of Bandlecuid 
(le, Bundel-khand). A. 

3j>^ wtt baund, m. a creeper, a vine. A. 
IJU^ hondd, m.a capsule,or pod ofcotton,&c.(f. 
j«!^^ W^TC bawandcariai.2L whirlwind,a devili. 

U Jjy wNvfT ^aun^^na, n« to entwine (creepers 

or vines). A. 

{j^^ ^iflipft bondi, f. the germ of a plant after 

the flower is shed. A. 

lib 33^ ^n^ ^ H I baufidiyand, n. to twine; to 

run irregularly or in a crooked direction, with tun* 
ings and windings. A. 

ICSji^ ^^ hungd or hongd, a stack of straw, 

a heap of chaff. A. 

iii^ 4t«ft haunt, f. female dwarf, s. 

(J^ Wt^ 2^cmi, f. the season of sowing, i. 

Uj^ ifHn bauhd, pocky (v. bawahd), A. 

4^llbi^ ^JtfT^ hauhd^, f. afflicted with vene- 
real disease (a woman). A. 

\j^y} ij^fTT bohrd, m. a class of bankers or 

money-lenders so called. A. 

fj^y} ^^^«|1 hohnl, f. the monej received for 

" the first sale in the morning by shopkeepers and hwk' 
stcrs : no credit is allowed, nothing but ready mooe/ 
being received on such occasions. A. 

bii^y Wh^tRpn bohodiyd, m. a man wbo 

works with a borrowed plough, or with a spade, lee. 
(having no plough of his own). A. 

i^^ ^ bu,t, a word used to frighten chil- 
dren, a goblin, or still more nearly, <* bogie.** A. 

n^^-b^^^ ^t^fTft hOft'bdckh, assessment to 

be realized on cultivation. A. pie fallow. A. 

j>,^ Wi^ boyar, land that is never allowed to 
)jl^ ^^ bawerd, sowing, seedtime. A. 
bu^^ W^fiRin&«v««fy5, a catamite, sodomite; 

one who talks nonsense, a babbler. A. 
b^y ^ft^ bo,iyd, m. a small basket. A. 
^t3J^^ bUftdan, to diffuse fragrance, p. 
0^ H bha,ihe aspirate form of the letter u^ %»X 
«^ ha, prep, by, with, in ; generally joined 

to the word it governs, and then the imperceptible Ail 
dropped, as ba-wajh or ba-wajke, in sucn a manner. f» 

0^ W^ bakuy much, many, large, great, b. 


( 133 ) 


^ bihf good, better, bih or bihi, a quince, p. 

L^ b€ika,m., price, yalae. baha^e khun^ blood- 
money (paid to the reladons of a penon slain), baha^/e 
Hjtrat, a tax raised in order to defraj the expense of 
hoooraij dreaaes. &aAa,e ka^fip^ an allowance for 
oiffiee paper, red tape, && A. 

1^^^ HI^RL bhabar, name of a large forest at 

the foot of the SeTalic hilU. K 
tf^^ HT>A bhabht, f. a brother's wife. k. 
^\^ vinrt bhaln, future, about to be, pre- 

"'destined, a. 

4>\^ Hfil bhdph, f. steam, vapour, s. 
^j^!^ W^iOh^ bahaphima or haha-bahd 

phirnat n. to wander ; to he in a distressed condition ; 
to be intoxicated, s. 

U^^; HnnT bhaphnd, a. to conceive, to 

gnets, to comprehend. A. 

Ol4> ^HXW bhatj advances to ploughmen 

withoat anj interest. A. 

Cj\^ irnr bkat^ m. boiled rice, food. s. 

\^ )nVT bhdtd, m. an extra allowance to 
tioopf oo service, oommonlj called hatta. h, 

o\^ 1117 bhdt, ro. a bard, a minstrel ; a ge- 
nealogist or fandl J hard ; name of a tribe. A. 

^jjJl^J HTHf bhdtafi, the wife of a bard, a 
ieniale minetreL A. [the ebb tide. A. 

^^ ^Vnrr bhatka, m. a current or stream, 

,€^^ ^n<A bhatkt, f. bellows, s. 

ig^^ wrt hhdthty f. down the river, with 

^nhe current A. 

J^^W ^(^^^19 bhafkiyalf m. down, below, 
d^m the river, with the stream. A. 


running off. h. 

)>\^ *innr bkaja 
^l^ HTiR bhajan, m. a plate, a dish, &c. ; 
(io arithmetic) division, t . 

^^> HHRT bhajnd, n. to flee, run away. ^. 
^^ vvnnfT bhdjnd, a. to fry. «. 
jj>^J *»nft 5A5;1, f. greens. $. 
^l^ HTiA Mq;i,f. portion or share of food. h. 


H^^ ^nal| hhajya, divisible, to be portioned ; 

ffl. a portion, a share, an inheritance ; (in arithmetic) 
the dividend. «• 

j>>l^ bhdcharf a large earthen pot or jar. d, 
j<)l^ hakddurj brave, bold, valiant, courage- 

001, invincible; m. a hero, a champion, knight; a 
title bestowed on military officers. *'It is often aooom- 
psnied with the word jang, war ; thus, baftadur Jang, 
invincible in war. The English (that is to say, Indian- 
BoglUh) language has adopted this word : a '' bahau- 
drr* indicates a martinet, or proud and haughty 
mortal dressed in a little brief autnority " (Binniug.)p. 

A^ mj bliddra^ | m. the fifth sola r 

*H/^W ^iftif!^ hlidilra-pad J j motiih (see bhd- 

\t^d\^vnj}t^bhddr(i'paddy(,& name common 

to the 26th and 27th lunar asterisms, distinguished by 
the epithets prior and subsequent, or purva and uttar. s. 

ftfjiil^ bahdduri, f. bravery, gallantry. p. 

^^ jl^^ HHff bkddon, m. name of the fifth 
solar month, August— September (in wMch the full 
moon is near PurwUfiiSdrapada), a. 

</yj*^^^ m^lNft bhddonwi, of or relating to 

the month bhado^i the autnmnal crop. «. 
lb«il^ V^I^HI bahd'dendf a. (lit. to set afloat), 

to demolish, to destroy, to ruin, to impoverish, to de- 
prive of felicity or fortune, s, 

\^ fffK tiAar, m. diversion, sport, amuse- 
ment ; name of a province. bihara^tfuU, place of 
amusement, t. 

j\^ bahdvy f. spring; beauty, elegance, de- 
light bdharwtan, m. a place adorned with the blos- 
soms of spring ; name of a Persian book by Jami. p. 

j\^ vnx hhdr, m. a load, weight, fagot, gra- 
vity, a weight of gold equal to 2000 paku, «. 

j^ >nT bftdr, out, without (v. bdhar) ; adj. 
external, outside, d, 

]j^ HTC! bhdrd, m. a load, burthen* <• 

^\^l^ bahdrdriy the spring season, p. 

fj^ji)^ OTC^ bhdr-brikiky m. a fragrant 
substance, commonly called hakshl considered vari- 
ously as a vegetable or mineral product «. 

OjV^ WCif bhdrat or bhdrata, m. the heroic 

poem which contains the account of Yudhhhfliir^t war ; 
m. name of one of the nine divisions of the world : 
India proper, so caUed from Bharata, the son of 
Dushyanta, whose patrimony it was. ». 

U-.l^ miSr bhdfjdy f. a wife ; wives of the 

Rags, or deities presiding over the HindQ musical 
modes, bharjatwa, the condition of a wife, bkdrjapik, 
m. a henpecked husband, s* 

'K^J^^ HTTSni bhdradwdj, m. a skylark.*. 

^^^^(^ bahdristdn, abode of spring, or of 

beauty ; name of a Persian work by the poet J&ml. p, 

CijV T^'^ buhdran, f. sweepings. A. 

\i.\y> 5?TT7in buhdimd, a. to sweep, to ga- 
ther. A. 
; L^ nnjfft buhdmt, f. a broom, a besom, h. 

r.U W?nE buhdi-u, m. a sweeper. /*. 
>U iW ^nr:^!? bJutr-mdh (also bkdra-vdhik), 
m. a porter, a bearer of burthens, t . 

ijj\> W?rt buhdri, f. a broom, a besom. A. 
i^J^ vrrtt Man,heavy ; of importance (met); 

hig, weighty, fet large ; valuable ; patient, steady, 
grave ; strong, tMck, troublesome ; m. a porter, car- 
rier of burthens, bhart-bharkam, grave, sedate, bhari 
patthar chumkar chhorna, to withdraw from a difficult 
or impracticable undertaking. «. 

jc.^^ bahdri, vernal, relating to spring, p. 
fjj^ f%^ bihdn^ sportive ; a name of 

Krishna ; name of a Hindi poet 9 

^ ( 134 

y^^ ^^rtr bharya, f. lit. a wife or married 

woman ; a musical mode ; the wife of a Bag or deity 
preaiding over a moflical mode, t 

j^ ^H? hhar, m. a furnace, kiln (particu- 
larly for frying grain). #. 

jW ^'^ hhafy m. the price of fornication. 

bhar-fkdnd, a. to live on the vragee of prostitution 
(applied not to the woman but to her dependants), h. 

J W WfT hhdra, m. hire, settled fare, rent ; 

recompense, h, 

j^^ >?WT hhasur^ m. a husband^s elder 

brother ; a species of costns {Coitut tpeeionu). t, 

j^^ HPSR bhaskaVy resplendent, shining ; 

m. the sun ; name of a Hindtl astronomer, author of 
the Siddhanta Shiromani and other works, s. 

V^^? HnRT bhasna, n. to be known, to 

appear, s. 

jy^^ W^ bhaswar, shining, radiant ; m. 

the sun, a day ; Costus speciosus, s, [bhak^), t, 

^^ ^n^ bhdshd, f. a dialect, &c. (same as 
cl."M> l ^ mfkK bhdshiif spoken, said. s. 

cHov^ Hm bhakta, 1m. a follower, a de- 
^^iiS<^ mffS^ 5^aA<t^, J pendant,a retainer. «. 
t^g^^ )irVTft bhdkgi, f. a kiln. s. 

^^ ^TW bhakhd, f. speech, dialect, lan- 
guage. «. 

U^\^ Hnnn bhdkhnd, a. to speak, to call. *. 
<^-A^ fw?nTfitA5^, of a ragin music. A. 
^i-A^ HPT bhdg, m. fortune, destiny ; share, 

lot ; tax, duty ; share in kind ; a degree, the 360th part 
of a circle ; a fraction, bhdg Jama, to be fortuDat& 
bkag'bafdj, apportionment of &e shares of a crop. 
bhag-dar, a sharer. 9, 

*^J\^\i\^ HTTWm bhaga-hhag, m. running 
away, flight, h, [fort, consolation, rf. 

^3j^^^'^^ HPWhrr bhag-bharosd, com- 
UU-v±/l^ mTlTHT bhag-jdnd, n. to run 

away. h. 

jf^ rnmr bhagar, f. flight, a general emi- 

gration, escape from inmiediate danger. A. 
]p W fiUPTIT bihdgard, m. (v. bihdg). h. 
J^ mn^ bhagal, trick, affectation. A. 
^jy^^ mn^lS bhd^alpuri, m. a kind of 

cloth from BhSgalpQr made of silk and cotton, h. 

^J^^> HPigft bhdgaH, false, mock, imita- 

''^^^' *• [pocrisy. h, 

^^ rnnftsm bhdgaliydj f. imposture, hjr- 

^UcLJ^ Hi«i«iifi bhdgmdn, fortunate, s. 

ii^^ HPim^ bkdgmdni, f. good for- 
** tune. 1. 

) ^ 

^^ Wm bkdgnd, n. to flee, to run away, k 
j*^^} HNMi bkagnar^ name of a rich allu- 

vial soil on the banks of the Jumna. A. 

L^^ HTflnft bkdgini, fcm. of bkdgiy partner, 
oo-heiress, a sister. #. 

^Stj^A^l^ HTfvr^ bhagineya, m. a sister's son. <. 
.r ^ HT^ bhdgUf a deserter, a runaway, k. 
jlrW *nf^R bhdgrvdr^ held upon a joint 

tenure or share (land). K [spennu. t. 

ulr W WT^ni bhagawdn, fortunate, pro- 
^Jr^ ^^mi bkdgavat, m. name of one 

of the /wraaof. «• 

Ijy l^ HpftlT bhdgordj a runaway, a coward.^. 
(^^ HPft bhdgif m. a partner, sharer, par- 

ticipator, a co-heir ; also a share or portion. M^»> 
dar, a sharer, a partner, adj. prosperous. «. 

t^j^^'^^ivftt^ bhdgirath,m. name of a pious 

king whose austerities brought the river Ganges from 
heaven, s. 

(^^jiP^ HI'?1<^ bhdgtrathif f. the river 
"Ganges (so called from the pious monarch afbres^). s, 

(JaA^ HP)9 bhdgel, a deserter, a runaway ; 

desertion, flight A. 

{:y^^ ^I'^^H bhdgyawdn, Vfortunate, 
Ca)^1^ HM4r<|»fr bhagyatoantf J rich. <. 
^^ HF1| bhdgya, m. fortune, destiny. «. 
(2;J^^A>\^ HPi|^1<| bhdgya-^hln, poor, wretched, 

unfortunate. /. 

J^ HT^ bhdlf f. the point of an arrow. A. 
J^ HT^ bhdlf m. a tribe of rdj-puts. h, 
J^^ ^^^ ^^^/, f. the forehead ; fortune, s, 
Jl^ )7T9 2^AaZ, m. a bear. «. 

^^ HT9T bhaldy m. a spear (about aerea 

cubits long). «. 

^^^ m^nif bhaldnk, m. a sort of fish, 

commonly called the roAi {Cffprinus rohita); a sort of 
potherb, s, 

(^W ^Vi;^ bhalukA 
It • , -,« /-m. a bear. «. 

^^ Hl^vfi bhdlnd, a. to see, to perceive, to 

look, to contemplate. A. 

^Jr^^ bham-koldf m. a hyena, or, as some 

say, a hybrid animal between a wolf and a jackal, d, 

CiaaSI^^ HT^ bhdlait, m. a pikeman, a spear- 
man. «. 

{•y*^ ^nfiTrf bhdminf angry, passionate. «• 
(J^^ HTfifift&Aamtni, f. a passionate woman. «. 
O^ HT^ bhdnu, m. the sun. «. 


( 135 ) 


^J^ bhiotny f. (for bahiiif q.T.), a sister, d. 
^^^ filFnf bihan, m. morrow, morning. A. 
U\4^ m«n ^Aona, a. to please, to suit, to fit, 

to be approyed <^ k. 

^\^ "^fTvfT bahana, a. to make flow, to get 

afloat, to laimdi. c [time). A. 

\^V*^^^^*'^ 6tAana, n. to spend or pass (the 
Ulf^ bahana (for bahana) j m. pretence, &c. p. 
C>^\^ HTH hhant or Hffk bharUi, f. manner, 

mode, method, land, lort. A. [torts, h, 

Cx\^CLo\^ bhant'bhant, Virions, of many 
0^14; HJIZ bhanty m. a medicinaj plant {Cle- 

rodeadrmt h^orttmahtm, £m. ; Folkameria infortunata, 
Aw6.X *. [melongena, s. 

\S\^ )it7T (Aan/a, m. the egg-plant {Solamim 
^. ^rtW ftAanj, f. twist, $. ^^^ , 

^^ Hhn bhanja, m. a nephew, a sister's 
Uj!1^ )innn Maii;na|a. to put into circular 

motion, to twkt. to turn on a lathe, to wa^e, to bran- 
dish, s. [daughter. «. 

fc^\^ )ITift bhanjt, f. a niece, a sister^s 
jcfSl^ «rt«ft &Aafi;i, f. interraption, hinder- 

"inoe; tale-bearing[. hhdnfi-Mifir, m. an interrupter, a 
tale-bearer, bhdujt khdtidf a. to give a malicious piece 
of intelligence, bhdnjt-dena or -mama, a. to interrupt, 
to pot a stop to. to break in upon, h, 

IjVo^? ^IH'^KI bhan-chdrdf sisterhood, 

state or relatioKisbip of sister, d. 
^^ ^VW bhdndy m. a mimic, an actor; 

a small earthen, pot : stock, capitaL s. 
1331^ m^ bitdndd, m. a large earthen pot ; 

estate, equipage. bhdn4d-phupid, n. to lose one's cha- 
racter, t. 

j^^^ ^vn^nC bhdnddr, ^m. also bhanddr- 

b^^? HTQITCf bhdnddrdj i^na, a store, 
a place where hooaehold goods are kept, a storehouse, a. 

(/«\jjI^ HT^fT^ bhdnddn, m. a house-stew- 

aid, a treasurer, purreyor. s. [mimic, s. 

(j^^ Hrf^vf bhdjidin, f. an actress, or female 
U lil^ HTWn or )TiT^ bhdndndf a. to abuse, 

to calunmiate. f • 
Jl^\^ Hl)lA bhdndaiit, f. mimickry, buf- 
'fbooery; a female niimici AO actress, s. 

j>jil^ vAittbhdn^rym. the Indian fig-tree.^. 
{j^\^ hhans (for bans q. T.)» m. a bamboo, d, 
^j^^ hhaAn (for bdnn q. v.), f. a flute, 

"Ice: i [shrub, h. 

iJ^^ Htfl^O bhdnharif f. name of a 
tj^^3 WTVfT Z^Aanftra, m. a fop, a parasite, h. 
^^ HIT &Aan^, f. hemp ( Cannabis mti" 

tw), of which an intoxicating potion is made, g. 

t^\^ bhdagi'df'lm. one wbo is addicted to 
f^^ bhdngxj J the use of bhang, 8, 
VjvCl^ HinTT hhamjerdyxn. a seller ofbhdyig. s, 
{J^O^ HlHHift bhdn-mafif m. a female jug- 

* gler, an actress. «. [liandsome. «. 

iS^iJ^ KT^ift bhdnumati, adj. f. beautiful. 

^^ WPfT bhdnnd, a. to turn (on a lathe), 

to put into circular motion, to twist, wave, brandish ; 
to break, destroy, h. 

y^ HT«T bhdnu, m. the sun. s. 
jlyl^ >1TH^K bhdnumdt; m. Sunday, s. 
jy^? HT^ bhdmvar, *\ f. revolution, circu- 

(^y^ h1«iO &AaA7vri,J lation. 2)AaA7i7;'t 
phirna, to circle; to be sacrificed, t* 

^yl^ bhdnoli, f. a sort of bread, dl. 

ft3l^ bahana, m. pretence, evasion, contriv- 
ance, excuse, pretext, p. 

c3^. fWfT% 2)tAana, early, soon. h. 

j^ Hm bhdfO, m. price, value, rate; friend- 
ship, h. 

^\^ )7n bhdm, m. state or condition of being; 

natural state, disposition, nature ; meaning, purpose ; 
sentiment, passion ; will, notion, idea ; living, being, 
existence, thing; choice, liking; blandishment; ges- 
ticulaatlon, acting, pantomime, expressing a meaning 
by signs ; a sudden idea or emotion of mind, bhdw- 
batdndt to gesticulate, s. 

jl^ ^VfT9 bakd,o, m. flowing, a flood, s. 
C->^\4> ^nftni bhdvit, animated, inspired; 

thoughtful, anxious, apprehensive, alarmed. #. 

^^^ Hnnn bhd,otd, amiable, dear, beloved. A. 
«rjW ^^^^^ bhdmajj f. a brother^s wife, also 

the wife of a wife's brother. «. 

^3^ )irnV bhdwdky m. the external expres- 
sion of amatory sentiments ; a friend, a lover, t. 

<-^j^ HTfrV bhdmihf natural, innate, senti- 
mental, relating to feeling, t. 

ij^^? )T1^^ bhd,oli or bhdwaU, f. rent paid 

* "in kind to a zamindar, distribution of crop between 
the zamindar and cultivator. bhd,oli'khUt land recently 
brought into cultivation. bhd,olUpdt land long culti- 
vated. A. [oeming, in respect to. A. 

M^^ HT^ bhdwn or bhd,oh, regarding, con- 
U^l^ HT^prfT blidvand or bhdtOnd, f. mental 

peioeption, recollection, the present consciousness of 
past ideas or perceptions; imagination; religious and 
abstract meditation ; looking about, observing, investi- 
gating; consideration; apprehension, contemplation, 
thou^t, doubt, fear, concern, t. 

Ujl^ >n^«n bhdfOndor bhdwnd,n,io please, h, 
t^\^ Hm bhdmah, f. a younger brother's 

wife. 8, 

^^J^^ ^rnfl bhdwl, ^future, what is about 
{^3^ HFT^ bhdnxifij) to be, predestined. 8. 


( 136 ) 

(^j^ Hl^ bhatven, postpoB. inasc. in the Ben- 

timent, peroeptioii, mind, notion* in one's eyes, in 
sight, near, before, &c. A. [to be. t. 

*>jV^ HTO hhavyoy what must, will, or ou^ht 

jS^ haka,im (pi. ofeL^A^), beasts, animals, 
wild beasts. b<ika,imi, beastly, brutal, a. 

^^^^^ f^^l%bihd,l,f,2L spirit supposed to tease 

'* infants, whispering alternately sad and pleasing things 
in their ears, which is the cause of their laughing and 
crying in their sleep or waking, h. 

^^^^ HT^ hhd,t, m. brother, also a friend or 

'comrade. &Aa,i-a4«, also Mm.t-pann aad Ma,i-^t«fa, the 
share or portion of a brother, s, 

^^^^(^^ ^^if^nfE bhd,%-bdntf m. fraternal 

community; a term applied to a village owned by 
brothers, or descendants from one common stock, a. 

C^^^^l^) HT^^ bhdyi-bat (or bhd,%-vat), like 

a brother, fraternal t, 

'^(J^ HT|]^r; ^/<a,i-5aM£?, m. brotherhood, 

brothers, friends, relations; also bh&ti'bandu «. 

vii^A^ mn bhabhak, f. sudden bunting 

forth of flame ; forcible expulsion of water frtNo i 
fountain or pipe; smell arising suddenly. A. 

^"^"Mtf *WWIT bkabkaknd, n. to simmer, to 
bubble ; to emit steam, to boil. h. 

L^Af^ ^WI^T bhabbhal, fat, corpulent. L 

^J4f4^ ^^^ bhabhut, f. ashes of cow-dung, 

which ascetics otjogU rub over their bodies. *, 

^^4W •'^S?'^ bhabhukdy m. blaze, flame, ex- 
plosion ; a4j. red (as a ooal): this is soraethnes 8{)plied 
to the splendour of a beloved person's oonateiuuMR 
acy. splendid, beautiful. K 

)y^ ^niTO bhapdrd, 1 m. 8team,vapour, 

]j^t^ ^^*KT bhapkdrd,) exhalation. <. 

J^ ^^}\^bahihf>utra, having many childrenj 
m. a tree {Bchitet teholarU). «. 

^A^ ^JT^ &aAtt-jM*/ri, f. a plant (Aspa- 
ragus racemosut), 9, 

frateriiity. s, 

(jjO^? *n^«f bhd,tn, terrible, awful, k. 

{J^ fJ^Hff bahu-bachan, plural (in gram- 
mar), s. 

Ojjj<^ WlgW bhah'ut, ashes of cow*dung. s. 
1»^ HWW bkabkdy m. an alembic; a kind 

of drinking-vessel with a large mouth. «. 

^OJ^ HTVT«n bhabhdndy a. to kindle, to 
light ; to provoke, to exasperate, to enrage ; to spur a 
horse, h, 

Uxf^ ^^V^9«n bhabakndy n. to be enraged, to 

rush on with rage ; to catch fire ; to run with great 
rapidity (a horse), to bubble (as boiling water), to roar, 
to grumble. A. 

^J^ Vf^^ bhdbJu, f. tlireat h. 

cVh? ^^T1^V9 bihbal, agitated, alarmed, over- 
come with fear or agitation, unable to restrain one's 
self, t, 

bhabut,\£. ashes of cow dung (vide 

J^ Wyni bahihpatra, m. talc s. 
1;Vl/W *'Tt''TO bhdyi'Ckdrd, m.^ brother- ijj^ W^^ bahti-patri, f.ainkg{Trigo- 

" - * '" ^"^Wt^ ^T'S ^^'*«-^«?«» veiy clever. «. 

d^j^ ^ynrff baJiu-pamij f. a medicioal 

plant {Trigomeliafinuim graeumy, «. 

JlMi ^f ^If bahu-pravdhy flowing in many 

Btreams. t, 

vaC^ )?in|in bhapaknd (same as bhdbhakna)^ 

to simmer, boil, &c. <f. 
5l^i4^ Wt^ bhapold, m. a blister, rf. 
S^44^ *HSro bhapkdrd, m. steam, vapour. s. 

J4^ ^y»9 bahu-pkal, fertile, fruitful; m. 

the Eadamb-tree (Nauclea cadamba), bahu-phcM, a^. 
f. fertile ;. f. the opposite-leaved fig-tree. i. 

^5^^ fVfft bikpkaif m. Thursday. «. 

cj^f^ bhabuil,) bhabhuL «. 

i>^jL^ bih'bud, m. 1 health, vigour, goodnesB, 

Lff'^^i^ bih-bud$,f,) welfare, p. 

^f^ WfYin bahbahdy flowing, gliding along; 
brave, bold ; public, notorious. K [fortunate, t, 

sjS\^k^ ^r^HPiT bakU'bkdgt/a, f. baku^hdgyd, 
j^i^^ W?t or H^m bhabbhar, m. solicitude, 

alarm, bhabhar bhabJuur pajrna, n. to be alarmed, to 
be frightened, s. 

^]j^i^ H>TO«n bhabki^dnd, a. to swell (par- 
ticularly the face), to entertidn doubts. A. 

^j^^ HH5t?n bkabharnd, n. to be solicitous, 
to be alarmed, to be frightened, h. 

Y^ bakui, much, manj, more, most; 

bahut yar bona, to become more intimate than for- 
merly. *. [soDiy. «. 

I d^4? ^^^ bhittiy f. a wall of earth or ma- 
^2^ ^^HT baktdf running (water), bahte 

pani meH hath dhma, to pay attention to one's firieodi, 
or attend to one's own duty or affairs while the oppor- 
tunity is favourable; to make hay while the son 
shines, h. 

^^ H^ bkuttd, m. Indian com or maize, 

see bhuUa. h, 

\S^ bkatid, m. a pair of bellows. cL 
Ob|^ ^r^lTTW bahutdtj f. excess, abundance. $> 
j\l^ mnx bhatdvy m. a husband. *. 
^U^ buhtdfif m. calumny, aspersion, false 

accusation, buhtan bandkna, to calumniate, a. 

1^114? Wirn^bhuidkd, devilish, peevish, fierce.^' 

C^.U^ Y^ffNif bahutdyat f. abundance, 
plenty, multitude. «• 

>A? ( 187 

^^C^ hihiar, good, excellent^ well, better, p. 

^^^ ^I^TR hakattar, seventy-two. A. 

Ji^ "WW^ hakutra, in many ways or places, s, 

tjfji^ MA tori, f. superior excellence, welfare./!, 

{•^ij^ hihiarin, best, superior, p* 



^VHW bahut'sd, a great deal, very 
much. A. [a demon. #. 

^ tnnfT (Attfna, m. a small devil, an imp, 
^^^ HinA bhMtnl, f. wife of an imp ; a fe- 

" male demoo. «. 

<_)yr|,> ^l^pni bahthtwakh, m. the Bhoj or 

birch-tree. «. 

Sjl^ ^JTV bahuiwa, m. plurality, multitude^ 

•iHniduioe. «. 
«I^ mt hhaita^ m. an extra allowance for 

typope when mardiing; batta. A. 

\l^i HH^ bhutahay devilish, peevish, fierce. $. 
UVjC^ ^fipirn bhutiyanay n. to be like a 

deriL s. 

Ug^-^Hrflm Ma^ya,m. nephew, brother's son.«. 
^jjji*4? Hlftlft 6Aa^l, f. niece, brother's 

~* daughter. «. 

Lc^ ilflITT bakutera, very much. «. 
^^-(^^^ ^Z bhafj f. misfortune, curse ; an oven, 

a fornace, a kiln. Ma/ papiia, n. to be cnrsed, to be 
nnfortnnate, to be lost (Ut. to faU into the kiln), h, 

v2^> )I7 bhatf m. a warrior, hero, soldier; 
a barbarian or outcast of a porticohir tribe, t. 

iS^ )1f bhatt, m. a learned man, a philo- 

•opher ; a title of Biahirattha Brihmana. s. 

U^ )|{T bhatta, a ploughman's wages in 

kind. A. 

U^ )9{T bhutta, ro. Indian com (Z^a rn^zy^); 

any large bunch, the head or ear of com ripened, h, 

\j^ bliatfd, m. a pair of bellows. €L 

^ \^\'{^ H{nn^ bhattdchdrj m. (for bkaU 

paekarya\ the most learned of the learned; a title 
given to the Kanas^iya Brahmans : it is also applied 
to <»e who teaches any branch of Sanskrit literature, t, 

Kl^ iirvi bhatkd, astray, wandering, /i. 

UKa^ ^74iMI bhathdndf a. to baulk, to mis- 
lead, to deceire, to scare, to cause to wander, to lead 
astray. A. 

tjl£>dL<^.> ^ifZ^SS^bkat-Jiatdfi, ^ f. the name 
US^cLa^^ ntZWt^t bhat'katait/a,f of a prickly 

plant {SoUmum Jacqmni, WiUd,), K 

^iCI^ Hd^Ajll bhat'kanyd, a class of infe- 
rior rSjpuit. k. 
Ui^AA^ HTV^ bhatahndf n. to wander about ; 

to go astray» to miss the right path, h, 

jJS^ ^avttx, bhat-gduTy a subdivision of the 

Ganr ri^-puts, q.v. A. 

^U^^ )VJ9T bhatuldy m. a kind of bread made 

from the flour of the arJier and other sorts of pulse. A. 

jS\jJ^ ^(Z^VTtbhatndgar, a tribeof J^aj^a^As.A. 
(JJ^ fiT7«ft bhitni, f. a nipple. A. 
y^ ^ bhatu, interj. O sister ! A. 
^y^ ^^cj^< bhatolar, lands allotted to ^Aat; 

or bards ; also lands given to Brihmans. h, 

ifS^ bhuttttf m. Indian corn, any large bunch. A. 
l^A^ )7?T hhatthdy m. a furnace, kiln, oven. 7^ 
L^4%^ HT^ bkattht, or hA bliatkl, f. a small 

** fire-place, a kind of furnace ; a liquor-shop» distiUery. 
bha^hudar, one who keeps a spirit^hop. K 

X^ls^?^ ^'^t^ bhattki'ddr, a person who 

manufactures and sells spirituous liquors, h. 

i)W^ Hfinnxj bhathiydrdy ra. (or &Aa/At- 
irart, f.) a sutler, an innkeeper; one who prepares 
victuals for travellers in a sara, A. 

{:Aj^i^if^ ^Y^nnt^ bhathiydrpariy m. the 

business of a bhafhiyara. A. 

^^j^'iA^ ^^W\i.Wim bhatMydr-Kj^nay an 

inn, a caravanserai, p, 

{:)}^i^i^ Hfinnftn bhathiydriny'Y' a female 
^^TjU^S^ Hf^rqi^ &Aa;A/yari, J sutler. A. 

JU^S^^ »?finn5 bhathiyaly with the current, 

ijB, down the river, and not with the flood tide ; m. a 
kind of marsxyot or elegiac verses sung in praise of 
Htuan and Husain* A. 

^W^ HiTOTRT bkathiydndy n. to go down 

the river; to ebb (tlie tide). A. 

^^y^ H^ bhatti, f. a furnace, a kiln, an oven, 

**a still ; name of a raj-put tribe. A. 

lJ^ ^^^ bhatOyty f. praise from a poet 

'*{bhaf), A. [(in Bundlecund. A. 

Ua^ Hflnn bhatiydy the poorest kind of land 
];US^ ^fininj bkatiydrd, m. (same as bhathU' 

yard), a sutler, an innkeeper. A. 

erfijW^ ^fV^KM«1 bliatiydrpan (see bhathi- 

yarpan), A. 

^jUS^^ Hfirmftjf 6Aa%aHn,T f. a female 
^^US^. HftilTd bhatiydri, J sutler. A. 

^^J^ HfjpTRT bhattiydndy the country of 
the 6Aa//t rajpuU, A. 

^i^ ^If 2>Ai/J, m. the arm above the elbow ; 

one of the Bliorter sides of a right-angled triangle (t.0. 
the perpendicular or the base.) «. 

\jf^ mn hhujd, f. the arm above the elbow, s. 
UW^ ^^Wn bak'jdnd or ^|f\$in«n bahi" 

jan&t n. to flow, to go or swim with the stream ; to be 
ruined, to be destroyed. A. 

01^^ ^riTRT bfiajdndy a. to cause to flee. A. 
Ular4^ fWlinn bhijdndy a. to cause to be wet, 

to wet. to moisten ; to cause to send. A. 


( 138 ; 


bahjat, f. joy, pleasure, gladness, 

cheerfolnem, alacrity, beautj, grace, ezoeUence. a, 
djdf^ HiTV hhajaty serving, waiting upon ; 

eigoying camallj. «. [away. i. 

^V-^ ^^ftnrnn bkaji-jana, n. to flee, to run 

{j^F^ Hipr 2^Aa;an, m. adoration, worship- 
ping, a hymn; enjoying camaUy. bht^an-k., a. to 
sing; to Bay prayers, to worship. «. 

U:F^ Hlprr bhajnd, a. to worship, to count 
one's beads, to adore, t. 

\jdf^ HW«n bkajnd, n. to flee, to run away. A. 
U:^4^ H«f «n bhujna^ m. parched or scorched 

groin. 5. * 

ci.^;^ glTW bhujang, \ 

^. AS __i . , . f m. a serpent, s. 

JJofV!: HinfH bhujangamy) ^ 

Uasr4^ ^'^nP bhujangd, m. a kind of shrike, 

commonly called "the king crow" {Lanius oaru- 
lesceru). bhujange tifana, to be in great distress and 
poverty ; to spr^id £&l8e reports, h, 

c^Iaaje^ Hinfhir bhajntkf m. a singer ; an 

adorer. «. [seat h, 

\j\yF^ AnRT«n bhiJTvanay a. to cause to be 
UaF^ Hfinn bhujipd (same as &Aq/i), f. 

greens, h. 

j^ )?^ bkuch, barbarous, ignorant, h* 

Qi^f^ ^liW^bhachak, alarmed, aghast, start- 
ing, hhaehak rahnSt to be amased or astonished at a 
sudden and unexpected event. «. 

Uokfd^ H^tftMl bkachkdndy a. to amaze, to 

strike with astonishment. K 

U^^rA^ H^nf«n bhachakndy n. to be asto- 
nished or amazed. K [eating. «. 
^*/^ H^^ bhachan (for bhakshan)^ m. food, 

V^^ ^f"hrr bhuchampd, m. a kind of tree 

(Kamffferia rotunda); also a species of fireworks re- 
sembling the flower of that tree. <• 

li^ij^' ^T^nf bhuchangy m. name of a bird 

{Lanim eanUescens). h. 

0^^' W9 bhackh (for bhaliiK)y eatable. #. 

vdl^^ft^ )T1[V bkachchhak (for bhakshak)y a 
gormandixer, a devourer. «. 

Ci}4^4^ I^TIRI bhichchhuky m. a beggar. «• 

U^ yft ^ )T1RT bkachhndytL. to eat,totake food. «. 
i<.4^4^« ^nif^ bhachchhi or bhakskty m. an 

eater. «. 
i>4> H^ 5^£^, f. a slap ; a crash. A. 
^*^ ^^ bkadddy stupid, senseless, dull, h, 

L^\d>^ vt^y9R bhaddhy m. a crash, the noise 

made by any thing falling ; as, hhad or bhadak se gir 
pofd, it fell with a crash. A. 

of J^^ H^rar bhaddkdy m. a sound or noise, h. 

»>\i^ bih-dana, m. quince seeds, used as a 

* demulcent in certain complaints, p, 
^1 J4? **^iii bhaddhar, grain cut when only 

half ripe. A. 

(34)(>4> ^npr^ bhad-bkady m. sound made by 

the fall of a fruit, or walking of a person, &o. h, 

^^'^^^ ^^^^^•fT bkad'bhaddndy m. cutting 
grain when only half ripe ; shaking fruit from a tree. k. 

^\s^i^ )T^H^T«n bhad-hhaddndy a. to make 

a sound by striking two bodies together; to strike 
repeatedly \ to shake fruit from a tree. h. 

(i^f «^^ )T^;«T^Tf7 bhad^haddkatyf. sound 

made by the fall of fruits, h. 

jS^ ^ bhadray happy, prosperous, lucky; 

m. prosperity, happiness; a fragrant grass {Cyfenu)\ 
a wagtail. «. 

b*H^ H^ bhadrdy m. name of a bird, a lark. s. 

]jf^ Wf\ bhadrdy f. an unlucky moment; 
the 2nd, 7th, and 12th days of the lunar month. «• 

^j^)^ ^r{[m bhadrdraky m. one of the IS 

minor dwipas, or divisions of the world. «. 

c;^|;<^ ^^^R bhadrdsoHy m. a throne, a 

peculiar posture of meditation used by devotees; the 
le^ bent and crossed underneath, and turned so as to 
bring the ancles in contact with the perineum, whilst 
the soles of the feet are held dose to the sides. «. 

y*^jS^ H^[ni bhadrdshvay m. one of the four 

maha-dwkku into whidi the known world is divided, 
or one of the nine khandat or smaller divisions of the 
continent : in either case it is the east division, t. 

(o/];>^ ^ S.I4ii^ bhadrd'karanym.sh9iY\ng,s, 
^*H)*H^ ^^T[^^ bhadra-^addy f. name of the 

26th and 27th lunar asterisnuL s. 

Ujjiy^ )f^pril bhadra-pamdy f. a shrub 

(Pccderiafoetida). a. 

f^^jd^Wf^^bkadra-pami, f. a tree (6^me- 

** lina arborea) ; a shrub {PcedenafoBtida), t. 

y^J^ ^^7^ bkadrd'jatty m. the seed of tbe 

Ediitet or Wrigki9a anUdjfteiUenca. i. 

Jy^j^ ^nr^ bhadrarchuTy m. a sort of 

euphorbia {Euphorbia thruealli). $, 

j\i^i^ Wfj^bhadra-ddrUy m. a sort of pine 

{Pinus devadaru). t . 


* '^_ia»r T :i ',- r experienced. «• 
{J*t> *V. ^f?W baku-darshty J 

(^tV^ ^^7^ bhadraky beautiful, pleasing ; re- 

spectable,worthy ; lucky, fortunate ; m. or f. adyantage, 
produce; nature, genius, reason; beauty, goodness, 
pleasantness; m. a sort of grass (C^pperMjpertaMif); 
a sort of pine {Pimut devadaru). t, 

4^ V*H^ H^TS^ bhadr-kdliy f. one of the 

"names of a Hindu goddess ; a fragrant grass {Cyperus 
pertenuit or rotundus), t, 

OJb«3J^i3s^ ^TJprPHW bJiadra-gafidhikdy f. a 

creeping plant {Asclepias pseudotana, the narrow^ 
leaved variety), s. 



hkaldra'^mutah, m. a 

fragnuat graaa {Cypena pertenuis), t, [cordifolia, $. 

^3jHi ^R^^^rt bkadrodnif f. a plant {Sida 

iJjj'Hi *^^[^lft hhadra-waUif f. Arabian 
"jaanine (Jo^mliittfli zomfroc); the la^e Bengal creeper 

T^t)*^ ^'R^^' bhadr-kondy n. to be clean 

or purified by ahaving one^s head and beard after 
moaming, or in a holy place. «. 

(^«H^ ^^1^ bhadrif m. an astrologer; a 

palmiflter. «. 

^H> W{[;irv hhmira-yavy in. tbe seed of the 

Bddtettft fFrightta taUUysenteriea, #. 

WiX^ty^ i|gafn|4i1 hahu'dugdhikdj f. a plant 

yiddiag a caustic^ milky Joice (eophorbU of yariom 
■Offti). t. [Bugar-cane. h. 

^3^^ H^t^nr bhadfoar, land prepared for 

^^1^4; ^^^Hl^I bhadawriyay name of a tribe 
offttf-^fiff. A. [bad. f. 

O^J'H^ m^^ bahu-^osh, fall of faults, very 
U J^ niir bakudkdy in many ways, sorts, &c.; 

ntnally, often. «. 
UiX^ WfHT bahdkdy f. pain, distress, obstmc- 

tion, hindrance, prevention, f • 

cJ!^^ WTVRni bahudhagaty dispersed, 

■cittered. «. 

C^*V ^'S^'*' bahu-dhan, wealthy, rich. «. 
(^iV^ H^ bliada^t the produce of the month 

Bftoioi. «. 

JH[*V ^^^c# bhadesaly 1 ill-ehaped^ugly, 
^LjiX^ H^V^ bhadesala,} awkward. A. 

^^, ^*YT bkada or vrn bkaruy a kind of grass 
med for fodder. A. [(t. ^ou/). K 

^«3>4^ )nft?n bhadariyuy m. name of a tribe 
y|J ^aAar, f. a fleet bahri, on account of 

fto-Aor, in every (this is used only in phrases from the 
Perrian). a. p. 

j^ ^bhary full ; as much as, as far as ; all, 

eroT. lixe, bulk, vhole, up to. Mar sna^tir or nutk- 
^«r-Mar, to the best of one's power, 'umr-bhar, all 
lifetime. It is aometimes used in composition, without 
expressing any meaning, unless it is *' a," as ser-bkar, 
s ter ; bm* bhar, (the height or length of) a bamboo ; 
Am bhar, a koe, whereas hfuw kot would mean a full 

hUtlBB. «. 

j4? ^^tr (also bhtr)f m. a species of insect, a 

^'^^ ^ hee, (perhaps from the Sanskrit bhringf q. y.) 
^) N.B«— .This word occurs reportedly in the U^tSnu-f- 
j f(|/a.iNigesll3to 116. h. 

. j^ ^JK bahur or ^fc bahuriy again, h. 
j^ H^ bhavy name of one ci the aboriginal 

I tscMoflndla. il. 
j^,^thp.bahiry out, without, bahir dnay n. to 

'^■Qe, to come ont. bahir-de»h, remote or foreign 
oonatry. baldr-mukK the neglect of any moral or re- 
ligiotts dnty ; s4J. impious, s. 

( 139 ) j^ 

\j^ vlk^ bhanjdy m. a panic, fauj men 

bharra para, the army was seized with a panic. K 
\^ HIT bhardy full, overflowing. «. 

)jX^ W?II bahrdy or wf^Cf bahirdy deaf. h. 

^ W ^'Tin bhrdtdy\ ^ , , 
-I * , » -. . f d:i« brother. 

<^*1;4^ HTHi» WiraMA, 1 fraternal, bro- 
H/!;4^ W^ bhrdiriyay J therly. «. 
4;irt^ Wf?TC bafirdru, m. an upstart, a 

stranger. A. 

(*^ bahrdm, the planet Mars; name of 

several kings of Persia; Yaranes. p. 

J^\Af ^^^^^ bhrdmar, m. epilepsy, j. 
c,if;*|;4? OTid bkrdmariy epileptic. «. 
<^^);^ ^n>ni &/irama&, m. a cheat, a rogue, s, 

^)Ai 8^^^ bhurdndy a. to wheedle. A. 

^)jfi Wjrnn bahurdndy a. to bring back, to 
cause to return, ft. 

uV^ wffUfn^aAtrawa, divert, toamu8e.A. 
^)j^ ^PTT frAarana, a. to fill, to cause to fill j 

to cover (a mare). «. [blundering, erring, t, 

Ca^J;4^ ^JPif bkrdnta, whirled, revolved; 

^Z^)j^ ^rfVir 5Aran<i,f. error, ignorance; re- 
volving, wandering, s. [a wanderer. «. 

ll>]^ iipm 6Aran^a, one who is gone astray, 
^)^irA^ WftWR bhrdntimdny adj. erring, 

wandering, s. 

^^^1^ )|prA 2»&ran<t, f. erring, wandering, s. 
^j)j^ ^rm? bhardwaf, f. act of filling; 

any thing in which they fill any substance. «. 

'^^v^ HlHnnp bharbkdndy m. name of a 

prickly poppy {Argemone Mexicana), A. 

]j^J^ ^^^TT 2^Aur&Aura, dry and in a state 

of powder, h. 

^IrAilA^ U^^'*" bhurbhurdndy a. to throw 
or sprinkle sugar or salt upon meat. h. 

^}j^j^ ^V^^fXnn bharbhardnd, a. to swell and 
be glossy (particularly the face, as in fever), s. 

i^j^j^ )IX^ bkarbhariyf. a swelling, a sore. 

bhurbhuri, a light sandy soiL h, 

^^;^ ^<.M1«n bhar-pdnd, a. to be paid, to 

when a 


. am 


</ ^i;^ HTW^ bhar^yly f. a receipt in full. h. 
^y^j^ HtmniT bharpatwdy a subdivision of 

the bhar tribe. A. 

( 140 ) 

jAj^ WJR. bhar-pur, T oyerflowing, 


^JuJ^ H^M^fi bhar-pefif pot-bellied. ^. 
O^. >TTW bharat, name of Rama's brother; 

tCe son of Diuh janta, and first monarch of all India. 
bharai khan4» m. one of the nine divisions of the world, 
between LankA and Sumeru, t. e. India from Cejlon 
to Tartary ; also the amount of revenue paid by an 
individual or party, t. 

O^ ^ bkartf or HTlt bharat y m. a mixed 

metal cx>mpo8ed of copper and lead ; the name of a 
bird (a species of lark) ; the full amount of rent paid 
by a person, h. [bourer. s, 

0;4> iJiT bhrit, m. a servant, a hired la- 
O;^ ufir^An7f,f. wage8yhire,maintenance.<. 
^j^, ^rth bkarta, m. a cherisber, supporter, a 

husband. 8. 

13^ )T^ bhartOf or ^^ bkurtd, m. vege- 
tables boiled or fried and broken or pressed in the 
hand. t. [{. reproach, abuse, s. 

U«*>j^ )?t9^ bhartsna, m. threat, menace^ 
Jy O^ bharat'kuly a tribe of Brahmans so 

called, h. 

i^j^^j^, WC?rrt bharat'Varshy ml India 

(so called from Bharata, son of Bushyanta, its first 
monarch), t. [a slave. «. 

ij,j^ ^ bhritya, m. an attendant, servant, 

«-irA? ^^bharttyf. completion; filling; load- 
ing, cargo ; vulgarly used for promotion, bharthk., 
to recruit. «. [in the metal called bhart. h. 

^j^ *rfS^ bkartiyd, m. a br^zier^ a worker 
^j^ Wiirr bhrityd, f. hire, wages, s, 
ij5^ tjTC bhritt/a,m. a dependant, a servant. f. 

UWj^ HTI^TRT bhar-jandf n. to be filled ; to 
be lined (a bitch) ; to be broken-winded (a horse from 
severe exercise), h. 

{2f^j^ ^T^ bhafjan, m. frying, boiling, s, 

ji)>^ bkar'ddndy')gMopmg2Lt full speed. 

dj\Sj^ bhar-ddndyJ bhar-ddnd phenkna, to 
go ai full speed, d, 

r}^*^J^ HtlT^ bliaradfvdjy m. a skylark, s, 
jW^ ba-har^hcU, by eyery means, somehow 

or other. a.p, 

Ijj.5^ ^l.^^l bhar-dendy a. to pay; to dam; 

to fill ; to reimburse, h, 

^JLMJ^ HV bhrashty fallen, lost, depraved, 
debased, polluted, abominable, vicious, dissolute. 
bhratf^P-k.^ a. to pollute, to seduce, bhroil^honat n. to 
be polluted ; to calcine. bhraikfO'rajyat deposed, de- 
prived of a kingdom. 

dUi»;4^ ^ bkrishta, fried, s. ^caae, p. «. 

CJ'jyCj^ ba-har turaty in every aspect, or 

jy^j^ ba-har jtowr, by every means, by any 

means, somehow or other, p. a. 

^j^ H^W bharhd, m. slaked lime. h. 
^^j^ MlM^l bharkdndy a. to slake (lime). 

bhirkana, a. to cast, throw, dart p. 

U^J^ ^f^ ftArt^ttff, f. the eyebrow, a 

"frown, a contraction of the brows. «. 

u-flAi^, ba-har kaify by any means, any- 
how. p, a 

cL/^ WJ bkrxguy the name of a celebrated 

Muni. #. [Bhrigu,atribeofra;-|wtt. Jk. 

{jT ^J ^ ^i'^«l bhrigu-bansiy descended of 

(•j4*. ^ bhraniy or >?^ bharamy ra. error, 

mistake, doubt, suspidon, apprehension, perplexity: 
bluider, slip. «. 

(V^ ^ftj bhramiy f. error, blunder, mistake. «. 
(V4^ ^n?f ^Aaram,m. credit, character, bharam 

gai^wdna, n. to lose character. *. 

^^-^ H<HHT bkarmdndy a. to excite by 

throwing out temptation ; to deceive ; to perplex, to 
alarm, k. [round, rovin^^, erring. 

^j^, WW bhramat^ adj. whirling, going 
j^j^ VR bUramary m. a large black bee ; 

vertigo, epilepsy, t, 

'A^lrt^ ^^^5« bahar-mukh, m. the neglect 

or violation of any moral or religious duty ; impious, i. 

ijfj^ Hinu bhraman, m. whirling, going 

round ; walking, roaming, t. 

f^j^ ^nft bhramt or HT?ft bharmi, apprehen- 

"sive, doubtful, scrupulous, whirling, going itmnd. «. 

i^A*;4^ H^*fl<3}i bharmxldy ambiguous, doubt- 
ful, confounded, scrupulous, h. 

{:)j^, H?3Br or Ht«T bharariy lo, up to (same as 

/oAr). bharant m. cherishing, maintaining, reazinir, 
the act of filling, paying in full. A. [door. A. 

13^ ftrCffT bhii^dy to be open or ajar (a 

^ift^ finfTTT bihamdy n. to rejoice, to take 
{Measure; a. to eigoy, to delight «. 

U;4^ Ht^n bhamdy a. to fill, load, satisfy, 

perform, discharge (a debt); to undergo, to Buffer, to 
daub; n. to abound, to be filled, to heu (a wound). A. 

^j^ H^5n bhamdy act of filling or complet- 
ing; to give property in repayment of a debt : it also 
denotes the vessel that receives the expressed joke 
of the sugar cane. A. [back. JL 

^j^ ^5^*n bahurtidy n. to return, to come 

[J'^j^ ^ bhrahsh, m. falling, declining, s. 

fJJi>j^ vpf bhringyxn. a large bee, enamoured 
of the lotus, the humble bee. «. 

^!;viXi^ ^JW^Cm bhring-rdjy m. name of a 

kind of shrike {Lanhu Malabarieus) ; name of a medl- 
dual herb or spreading shrub {EcHpta prostrata, Lin. 
Verbesina prostrata^ or Verbetina scanaens, Roxb.), u 

l^LCj^ ^fV^ bhringak, m. a bird, a sort of 

shrike {Lanius MtUahariau), t. 

J^ ( 141 

s^^j^' ^n^ ^^^TJ^9^9 ^' » ^*"d of vTBsp (Fespa 

"wolitarid)^ a large black bee, a humble bee. bhringU 
fkmi^ m. the h^ plum, t . 

{S^J^' ^S^#^ daAu-ran^i, of many colours^ 

"met. fickle, wnateady. «. 
^j^ MTRft 6Aflmi, f. weft, woof. «. 

^i«^ )T^?lft bharanl, f. the name of the second 

" hinar mAnsion (three atan in Musca)t figured bv the 
pudendum muliebre, t, [or loaa. «. 

ULj^j )?9SrRT hkarmana, a. to cause to fill 
iZS^^nj^ ^PHF hhrvrhhang^ ro. a frown. «. 
u-^jM^ ^^7^ (aAu-nrp, adj. multiform ;• m- 

mimicry. «. 

\j^j^ ir^^MI hahu^rupd, m. a chamelion. «. 
cijJt^ ^I^TC'ft bahu-Tupt, 1m, an actoi-, a 

Ijjjj^ wt^(\44|| bahu-riipiyayj mimic, a pcr- 
aoa aaanming various characters and disguUes. «. 

iu>«j^ ^T^^ bdhu-rupya, m. mimicry. «. 
ljjj4^ ^A^ bkaraud, f. a release in full, h, 
Uj^^. ^TttTT bharofa, m. a load of grass or 

hay. A. 

Vm»j .^ )|^^ bharofd, m. hope, dependence, 

fiuth, oonfideDce. bharoia k,, to hope, to rely, s, 

y^jj^ >j04t 5Aarosau (Braj. for (Aaro^a), 

hope, trust, &c. i. 

(^^^ "^^rf bahuroTif again, a second time, h, 
C2JL^ ^9 ^/Lf-iin, m. pregnancy ; a foetus, a 

child, bhruu-katyd, L murder of the foetus, causing 
abortion, t, 

^Jj^^ ^^Hl bharauna, ra. a load of wood, h, 
ij^ hahra^ m. property, fortune; quota, 

share, portion ; nrofit, cain, advantage. hakrortMnd or 
hakrar^wwt or banfchtmaoz, fortunate, prosperous, pro- 
fitable. bakrthmofuR, f. prosperity, p. 

\jj^ ^^ bhari, f. the weight of one sicca 

ropi, or one tola. «. 

{Sw^ ^ bharCy a grass which grows in the 
"jungles, used for thatching and making tatties. A. 

(jj^ ft^rt bihriy f. a subscription to raise a 

certain sum, an assessment, quota, share. A. 
jfj^ Wl^ buhrty f. fried or parched barley, h. 

^jj^ W^^ bahri, f. a falcon, female hawk 

'{Paleo ealidust Lath.}, bakri-bacho, the male of the 
same spedes. A. 

^J^ ^T^ bhara,l, f. a kind of cess or tax. L 

l>M^W^fC<n bahriydy a stranger, s. 

\>j^ nfx;in bahuriya, f. a daughter-in-law. s, 

bj^ M(iM\ bhariydy land watered by irri- 
gation. A. 

\}^ bharyd (for bhard)^ full* filled, d, 
j^ bhir, m. a species of insect, a wasp. A. 

^^Af ^ bharait,\ 

^ _<i .^ ,, ,. >m. a tenant, a lessee. A* 
Jf^ HfTTf bharaiii,) 

^^^j^ ^^Ml bakurrekhdy m. pi. wrinkles, 

funows. i. 

J^ ^ bhar, m. a large boat, a lighter. A. 
J^ W 5//tt.r, f. a hole through which water 

runs out A. 

1/4^. ^^ bhard, a kind of grass, v. bhadd. h, 

Uk^{W?T«n bhirdndy a. to join, to place close 

to, to close in battle (armies) ; to cause to flglit. A. 

{j)j^ fW^fT^ bhirdyt, f. the closing of two 

armies in battle. A. 

^154^4^ *'?**?^'l' bkar-bhardnd, to flutter. A. 

^/4^^ ^4^If^l bharbhariyd, simple, can- 
did, without £^e. A. 

U^j^j^ H^^llfT bharbkunjd, m. a man who 

parches grain ; name of a caste of Hindils whose occu- 
pation is to parch graioi «. 

(j^y^%> )T^)|inf bharbhunjatif f. a woman 

who parches grain, s. 

b .j^ vrvfc^ bharariyd, m. a conjuror, h. 
\j«^ bliarardf m. the beleric myrobalan. d* 
^j^SU*}^^ ^TBt^bharasdytn, m. v. bfidr. A. 

(jJ}^ KfiK bhardky f. splendour, blaze, flash, 

show; perturbation, agitation, alarm, starting (in 
animals). A. 

ISl^^ ^f^lffl bharkdnd, a. to frighten, to 

scare ; to blow up into flame, h, 

^j^, bharkal, a large door or gate. d. 

^j^ )7nRl bharakndf a. to start, to shrink, 

to be scared, to be alarmed, to be blown up into a 

[coy. A. 

bharkel, wild, untamed, shy, 

^^%> ^<%1ffl bharkxldy splendid, glitter- 
ing, h, 

\3j^ fWysn ftAirnS, n. to close (as two ar- 
mies), to come together, to be Joined, to shoulder, to 
join, to be placed together, touching each other; to 
be continuous, h. 

tt^jj^ Hljf bkarangy simple, undesigning, 

silly, artless, having the quality of telling secrets 
without reserve. A. 

Ujj^ HJ^ bharufi, m. a pimp, one who 

lives on what a prostitute earns. A. 

ij\^%> «W^ bharuydyt or bharwd,t, f. pan- 

"derism. pimping; the wages of prostitution. A. 

flame. A. 


( 142 ) 


Ub^^ fki^ bhirhaf m. a wolf. $. 

J?J«^ »»t^ 6Aarai«,J 

(j^A^ ^9 ^^tijy m. braiiy husk, ohaff. hhus 

par bar at (lit. an assigament on chaif), i. «. an assign- 
ment from whence nothing can be obtidned. *• 

iM^ H^ hhaSf m. ashes, cinders, s. 

(j*»^ ftwr &At*, the edible root of the lotus, h. 

UL^ )T^rnn ^A^i^ana, a. to launch, to set 

afloat. *. [carrying grain, h, 

^x^ "A^ vran7«T hhasawaUf a tax on boats 
Lw^ (J*^ iTQPWT hhaS'hhasaf weak, sofl, 

flabby (as meat), h. [ragus). *. 

IjL*^ ^rrnn baku-sutaf f. a plant (aspa- 
KT.m4> ^neifinp bhat'tikkdf m. a steak, chop, 

or oollop. A. [motu veneris, s. 

S^^ ^nv^ bhasad, f. pudendum muliebre; 

)j^^ ^nm bhusra, m. a kind of inferior 
wheat A. [snake), d. 

\^K>^) W^HK^I ^^ti^Aama, n. to hiss (as a 

8^\C»^ ^^nVTT bkuikdra, m. the breathing 
or hissing of a snake, d. [down. A 

^J^ 'A? H^^nn bhasakncif n. to fall, to drop 
J rr|^\ mg^ bkusul (same as bhusera). $. 

VAns?^'^ 'f^ni^RT bhiMcdnay m. to be dazzled 

(the sight). K 

M-r^'i H9I bkasma or Him bhasaniy f. ashes. 

MoMia-jnan, art of smearing the body with the ashes 
of cow-dung. #. 

(j^^t rrft; H9!1ir bhagmah, m. a disease of the 

eyes, thickening of the membranes and indistinctness 
of vision ; morbid appetite, t, 

^^}X%r^^ H^T^ bhasnuir^arbkd, f. the sisu 

tT«e, or a variety of it {Dalbergia tUu), #. 

;^/^^..^% ^r^nr bhasmant, m. ashes, s, 
^j'lS^**^ HT»frpif bhasmt'hrit, reduced to 

ashes*,' calcined, t. [cining. s. 

U^lT****^ )?|irhv^ bkasmi-karan, m. cal- 
Ijum^ HIRT 6Aasna, n. to float. 8, 
li*-^ 'fflRT baJuund, for UuJ?, q. v. a. 
ym^ V7V ftaAu-^, f. the mother of many 

children, t. 

ijjy^ ^ffttt bhusauri, f.1 the place in a 
^^Mn^ H^VtSn bhusauld, m./ dwelling-house 

for keeping straw, &c *. 

\jjy0*^ vf^lt^ bhusaundd, m. a hole, a ca- 
vity, a place to put chaff in. t 

j ; **** ^) ^[IKcT bhusera, 
^ >w « ^> ^ir^ bhusdd, 

m. a place where 
com or chaff is 
kept «. 

^^^^. Wnrnir bahu-shakh, having many 

branches, t. 

^ bihuhtj f. Paradise, bihishtt, of or 

belonging to Paradise ; m. a water-carrier, p. 

J^*^ W^9^ bahu'shairu, having many ene- 
mies, s. [woman. A. 

iJXl^^ finngf bhishtal, f. a foolish or stupid 
l/i^ )T%n bkashird, f. a sort of beet {Beta 

Bengaiensis), s, 

^^ ^r^ bahuhy m. a plant (^^cZ^ta^ ^ 

gantea), », 

{^j^^ bhikdri, m. a beggar, a mendicant, d. 

Jow^. Yjqiic? bahu'kdly m. a long time. s. 

Uo^ )nplT«n bahkdndy a. to baulk, to disap. 
point, to mislead, to deoefVe. A. 

CL*'(^^} HH bhaktt m. an adorer, one who has 

devoted himself to a religious life, a votary, zealot ; 
a HindQ performer, a dancer, a player, adj. attached, 
devoted, pious ; desirous, bhakta-rajf lord of the de- 
vout, God. bhakta'ta, devotedness, attachment to. il 

l1aV^> Hf\s bhaktif f. persuasion, religion^ 

faith, attachment, desire, f. 

C*^4> )IV bhukta, eaten, eating, s. 
^^yll^ ^mi^ bhaktd,%, f. faith, devotedness. «• 
^l»IX^ vrftmni bhahtimdn, m. 
<Jl*>'i>^> )TfTli>nf bhaktimaty m. 

^ »S ^> ^ftlSinrt 5AaA<ftm<z<i, f. 

- . ^> ^ pious, 

Ca> j aX^> HTwHtrZ^AaA^tTvan^^m. J 

\mX(^> ^nmiT bhuksd, name of a forest tribe of 

r&J-puit. A. 

j<mJ^ H^Ii^ bliaksh f. a dungeon, a dark 

"room in which revenue defaulters (in native states) 
are confined. A. 

Lii^ fWniT bhikshdy f. begging ; alms. «. 

JJbV-Ji^ f^'Blim^ bhikshd-patra, m. a beg- 
gar's bowl, a wallet for collecting alms. «• 

;_**^.*VA% Yvftiff bJiakshit, eaten. <• 

(ijLiil^) Hf^?V bhakiliakf gluttonoas, vora- 

douB ; a feeder, an eater, s. 

CJA^tT^? fW^^ bikshuk, m. a beggar. $• 
^j^-^y M^m bhakshan, m. eating, s. 
^k%\*\^^ ^npofhr bhakshaniya, eatable, to be 

eaten. «. 


^l^j )n^ bhahshtj m« an eater. $• 

*.>J;i^> H^ bhakshyoy eatable* t . 

Uik^. WfV«TT bahaknuy n. to be baulked ^ 

to be disappointed, to be deoeiyed, to stray, to be in- 
toxicated. A. 

bahu-kantak, m. a prickly 

plant {Bedysarum aOtagt); the marshy date tree. «. 

^^Jr^ )n|^ &^aAt(,a, foolish , stupid, h. 
UWj5s4> vr^VT^ ^Aa^^ano, n. to be stapi- 

fied. A, [stuff, to eat A. 

U«»>y>^> H^i^lRT bkakosna, a. to devouri to 

^\^5s^ fWffpft bhikhariy m. a beggar. «. 

kJj^^^ tnn^ bhikkri, f. an unfilled grain; 

a abriveOcd grain. A. 

U^S!^ ^TIRT ^AnAAna, a. to eat, to devour, s. 

%lS^ HT bhcufj f. vulva} prosperity, su- 
preme power. «• 

\J^ vpnxt bkugga, simple, foolish. A. 

UU^ VTTTifl bkagana, a. to drive off, to put 

to flight. A. 
UU^ fW^rnn bhigdnUf a. to wet, moisten. A. 
\^^.^^^ Hmf bkagat, m. (for &AaAf, q. v.), a 

religions mendicant, bhagett-k., to disguise. &A4^a/- 
AAe/na, n. to be disguised, to act (a play), to mimic. 
bhagai-hona, n. to be initiated as a devotee ; to be 
alimated to a religious order. This is pecniiar to the 
low tribes. The mitiation consists in putting a neclc- 
laoe of beads round the necic and marking a circle on 
the forehead; after which the initiated person is 
bound to refrain from the use of spirituous liquors 
and flesh, &c. s. 

UJ^ HVlKt bhagiay name of a tribe of ahlrs^ 

q. T. A. [requite, to cause to enjoy, s. 

\^\jj^ Hitfffsn bhugtanaj a. to distribute, to 
4<\lC^ ^nHIT^ bkagata,i, f. sanctity, life of 

a devotee, i . 

^J^^ai^ wnWH bhugatman,it to enjoy, de- 

serving punishment, s. 

^JS^^ WUR bhagtan, f. wife of a Bhagat ; 

(ironically) a lewd woman« a prostitute, a whore. A. 

UuC^ vnmUT bkugatna, a. to enjoy, to suffer, 

to receive the reward of virtue or punishment of a 
crime, t. 

LjJ^ HffinYT bhagtiycLy m. a dancing boy. h, 
At^, Hir$ bhagal, m. affectation, bypo> 

crisy. trick, deception. hhagaH-nikalna, a. to play a 
trick, to pretend poverty. A. 

\ju^ ii^, ^i|<jf)i|^ftl bhagU-gahnaj m. false 

jewels, trinkets. A. 

yj^ Hnf^nVT bhagliya, m. trick, cheat, im- 

imposture; impostor. A. 

^j^irjipffi>aAtt-<7i/n,m.1 many times; hav- 
\jj^ nff^buhurguna, f. J ing many good 

qualities, a. 

143 ) 5>4? 

^J>^ Wif hhagna, torn, broken ; defeated, s. 
UX^ ^ITfTT bhagna (also bhagina), m. a 

brother. «. 
(^\jJC^ HT^n^ bkagnaSf disappointed, s. 

J JjJC^ WI^ bhagandar or bhugandar, m. 

a flstida (tit oito). t, 

^jjJ!^ ^'T^ bahu-gandk, m. olibanum. «. 
lib43JjC|^ ^TfT^ bahu-gandha, f. Arabian 

Jasmine. #. [sister. #. 

jJJC^ Hftrft bkagim, or Wtft bhagntf f. a 
J^ Wl bkaggu, m. a deserter, a runaway. A. 
^j^^yC^ Wnr^ bhagwarif adorable, divine ; 

m. the Deity, the Supreme Bemg. s. 

lo^y^ WWt bhagnan, m. cloth dyed with 

geru, a kind of red colour or ochre. A. 

\i\jiC^ HTH^ bhagwana, a. to cause to flee 

or run away. A. 

O^^ H^nnr bhagawat, divine, glorious; 

the Deity, the Most High. A. [serter. A. 

1;>^ HiftfT bhagora, m, a runaway, a de- 
\3yC^ fWn^ bhigwM, a. to wet, to steep. A. 
C^^X^ H»nnif bhagawantf divine, glorious, 

mustrious ; the Deity, the Most High. «. 

Vy^. wfl? bhagonhdf m. the reddish co- 
lour extracted from geru ; a kind of odire. A. 
^J^ Wfh:^ bhagirathf m. a king whose 

austerities brought the river Oangft from heaven. #. 

JjJ^ wt^ bhagelf f. overthrow, defeat ; m. 

a runaway, a deserter. A. 

J^ W?5 ftaAaZ, f. a two-wheeled car (for 

riding in, not for baggage), coach, carriage. A. 

J^ >I5 bhaly good, well, bkal-ghoriyd, 

well-mounted; m. a cavalier. $. 

Ja> ^^9 ^^^U *"• ^^^^y direction. «V hs bkal, 

head-loremoet. A. 

Jt^ W5 bahul, much, many. $. 

"^ ^(^ bhald, good, excellent, benevolent, 

kind, healthy, virtuous, righteous, sound ; strange, 
wonderful, admirable, comical, droll. bhal& admi^m. 
a person of respectability, a gentleman ; (ironj a silly 
fellow, bhald changd, in good order, perfect, m 
health. tAoia swnMa, to take well. *. 

^ i|f?^ bahila, f. barren (generally ap- 

plied to cattle), bahula (In S. IndU), the dark fort- 
night of the lunar month. A, 
jJI^^^ wgn^ bhuldt, f. forgetfulness. d. 

U^ ^[^m bhuldnd, a. to cause to forget ; 

to inveigle, to mislead, to deceive, to fiasdnate, to 
coax. A. 

U^ ^^^m bahldndfVL. to divert, to amuse.A, 
1,^ WSnm bhuldtvd^ m. deception, fraud, 

a clieat)*deceit bhulawd dena, a. to deceive, to play a 

trick. A, 



^Ij^L^ f)l9T^ bhUdTvanf\m. a nut used for 
^^^ fW^TftT &AiZan?an J marking clothes, 

&c., commonlj called Bialaoca bean {Semiearpus omo- 
cardium). 8. < 

L^^^^ H^fT^ bkaldfi, f. goodnesS; welfare. A. 

^2/^ >4<#M«i hhaUparif m* goodness^ ex- 
cellence, h. 

^V^ J4? J4^ >49Hc^««llHI bhal'bhal i^ala, 
broad day-light <2. 

^«4dJ J4^ ^^H^l bJtalrfUchehhx, f. a plant 

"{Hedysarum lagopodiotdet). s, 

S^d^ n^n? bahulatwa, m, abundance, s. 
lxJi^> ^V^TCRT bhulasna, n. to be singed, 

scorched. ^ bear. #. 

c.dl\4; MW9 bhallak or )I9V bhalluk, m. a 
K]i4j vr^ran blialkd, m. a gold patch fixed on 

the nose-ring ; a kind of bamboo ; dawn of day. h. 

Kl^^ Hf^nrr bhalUkdt {. marking nut. «. 
^jJUJ^ M^m^r^ bhal-manus, courteous^ 

polite, humane, s. 

OUic J4> H^^rom bkal'tnansdty f. hu- 

manity. #. £ture, benevolence. «. 

^J^^}^ ^$Mt|||1 bhaJrmansi, f. good-na- 
Ul^ Wl^RT bakalna, n. to be diverted, to 

be amused, h, 

^^^ vr^fiV bhalluky m. a bear. «. 

J^l^ 2)aA?ttZ or &aA^/f a virtuous prince ; a 

joker, one who smiles ; a man's name famed in Orien- 
tal anecdotes, like our Joe Miller, a, 

f^^^^ fW^Nf) bhilaunjt, f. the seed of the 

''hhildwaik. t. [glove, p. 

dl^. bahla, m. a privy purse, a falconer's 

tj^ ^r^^^ bahli^ f. a two-wheeled car (for 
riding in, not for baggage), a coach, a carriage. A. 

\A^ q^r^in bahqliya, m. a huntsman, a 

kind of retainer armed with bow and arrows, k. 

f*^]^ '^f ^1h bakUm^ name of a small tribe 

of Mnhammadans near Mirai and Datna. h. 

j^ bahain, together, one with another, one 

against another, baham ana, to be procured, acquired. 
baham pahunchana, a. to g^t, to acquire, to procure. 
baham pahunchna, to be procured, p. [rence. s, 

t2^^ TJTR bahu-mariy ni. respect, reve- 

{JlX^'^y^^ ^ford bhambkeri, f. a butterfly. A. 

U^ HiRT bhamnd, a. to revolve, s. 

UuA»^.> ira^n bakmanetd, a young Brah- 
man, h, 
Ot^4^. ^r^f% bahu-murti, multiform. <• 

J^^ i|p?^ bahu'tnul, many-rooted, s. 

144 ) ^ 

24)^^ V^^9I bahu-muli/ay costly, precious. <• 
^^f^ Hlft bhaml, f. revolution, whirling; 

** wandering. «. 

^^^^«4^ ^nnri bhumydn, m. landholder. «• 
(^ ^f^«T &aAfn,^ftf or bahan f. a sister. #• 
(;;4^. f^ bhinn or 5Atnna, separate, different, 

other, apart, (in arithm.) a fraction, bhhm bhiim, vft- 
riousi severally, m, 

ij^ f^l^ 2^t'Aaf» or bihin^ m. a seed. A* 
Vj^ ^VTHT bahnd, n. to flow, to glide ; to float; 

to blow. s. [broiled, h. 

U^ ^Wr 5Aunna, n. to be fried,dried, parched: 
UU^ f^fVHT bhinndnd, n. to have a singing 

in the ears, to be giddy; to sound (as shot, and brass 
pots, &a). /*. 

^^J^ MiKXAJ bhiinndnd, a. to fry, parch, &c. A. 

j^\^^j ^ ftnpnn?^ bhinnrbhdg-fuir, m. di- 
vision of fractions. «. 

UU^jjL^ fWfTfWvnrn bhinbhindnd or bham- 

hhananat n. to buzz (as a fly), to hnm (as a bee). A. 

^iLJ»U^jj^ > f)|flfHf||{S bkinbhindhaty f. buzz, 

hum (of bees). K 

i j^ jj^j ^nHWT bhambhuydy an ascetic or 

fd^ who is pressed by hunger to rob. h. 

Uy j^ ^*^ ) m)i«IT bhaTnbormf la. to bite (and 
^jj^i^,>k^f^Vf\bhambhorndf} mumble as 

a dog), to worry. K 

{JiX^t^ **^ bhambert, } n er j. . 
C>*A^) Hfimr &Aant7, sounded, uttered. 9. 
Ua^ HUCT bhantd, a ploughman's wages in 

kind ; the egg-plant {Solanum melongeita). h, 

i^yj^ f^HS^mr bhintTvdSf m. a sort of 

pulse. A. 

0**!y^ 47719 bhantwdfy m. the name of a 

grain, the fruit of the ko,i, or water-lily. K 

Id^ 49IT bhunjd, m. parched grain. A* 

U\j^^ H^grfl bhanjdnd, a. to change (mo- 
ney), s. [ioig. A 

C^c^^ H^fT bhanjaty adj. breaking, destroy- 

bkanjah, adj. who or what 

breaks, severs. «. 

;j)i^^ H^^ bkanjan, destroying, breaking, 

demolishing, separating, afflicting ; m. breaking, &e. #« 

J^S^j H^ bhandy m. a mimic, jester, buffoon, 

actor ; confusion, spoiling, hhan^-hona, n. to be de- 
stroyed, spoiled. A. 


^yj^ fk^B Mhand, land cut up by a torrent. A. 


( 145 

\jj^ vnpr bhandaf m. a large earthen pot 

tkmda phufn&f n. to be dUdosed (a secret), s, 

A^jA} ^npTt hhandoTy m. a place, where 

boaaehold goods are kept, a storehouse. «. 
Uij4> H?pra bhandard, m. a feast ofjogix, 

^ )1j^ irpnA bhanddrif m. a house-steward^ 

cue who has charge of the storehouse, a treasurer. «• 
.U«>Ja^ H^^rrc bhandsdrj \t the provision 
JUil;^ mB^n? bhand^dlj which is pre- 

vkmaly Teaerred for years. #. 

^UtfJoA) vrVBTQft bkandsatif m. one who 
"reaerrea proTiston for yeara. t. 

\:^^\ ^ HW bhandakf m. a wagtail. <• 

jJjJ^? ^Wgft bhundU, f. a kind of worm 
' oovered with hair, the palmer-^orm. A. 

U jji^ iT^Hl bkandauwd, m .satire^rihaldr j. t. 
^jii^ H?|jt^ bhandoRf f. two or more jars 

"borne one over the other, d, 

i^^yj^ fW^ bhinii, f. the name of a vege- 
table {Hibiscus eseulenius). K 

«jU ;/3% ftn^fmn bhinde-i^m, m. the 
room appropriated to the apparatus of the M*«- *. 

\ij>M} ^^^fi™ bhanderiya,^ ^ ^^^^^ ^ 

\%,Vi^t )|#9^ bhanddan, f. an actress. <. 
K\^} ^tWXK, bhinidr, m. dawn of day. h. 

olkir tribe. A. 

Vju«j4> 4^nn fc^ojwna, n. to float. A. 
t_lr^<v.^> ^ fWV^cNrf^ 6A*nna-<anAait/, m. 

addition of Iractions. <• 

UiU^^nnK i^^wflAorfinm bhinaky f. a low 

aonnd ; a rumour, report ; hum of insects, s, 

i ^y^ j finni bhinnak, m. a heterodox seo- 

taiy, a seoeder, a Bauddha or BOddhist. «. 

Vjiu^ ft<«t^ti l bhtnahndy n. to buzz as a fly ; 

to be GOfeied with flies, to swarm, h. 
vIXj^ >nf bhang J f. hemp (v. &Aan^). #. 
,iS^ iqp 6Aofi^, m. breaking, destruction, 

defeat, sporting ; a^j. brScen, torn, defeated, s, 
\ fj viii 1T|P (Aan^a, f. hemp, name of a species 

of bird ; also name of a species of insect. A. 
■ \JjA ^ ^nPt bhangdn, m. a sort of fish (Cy- 
prinus banggOM). h. [bird. *. 

^VvIAa^ 'HF''^ bhang-rdj, ra. name of a 
u/> ii* vr]fIT bhangray m. the name of an herb 

(BeOpia or V«r ftetfaa protirato). a 

) (iT*^ 

^^^JLi^ )qpr bhangariy f. the wife of a halal- 
iftor.q.v. A. [bhang. *. 

^< > 4? K^H bhangan, f. a female drinker of 
Ujj^^ )r]pn bhangnd, f. a kind of fish. A. 
A^f^% ^IWn^R bhinna-gunaHf m. muUipli* 

cation of fractions, f . 

3J!sA> finpitt bkinna-gotra, m. one not be- 
longing to the same family. «. 

l^yJi^ ¥r|frftm bhangoriyd, name of a tribe 
ofto^of, q.v. A. [tiou. t. 

q«4m^ fWC9H bhinna-ghanym. cube ofafrac- 
i/a^. ^nP bhangi, m. a caste of sweepers, or 

"^Za^JE&OTf. A. 

^a4> ^nft bkangxy m. a drinker of bhang ; 

**£ fraction, division ; fraud, trick. <• 

ij^ ^Ifl^ bahangtf f. a bamboo stick with 

"ropes hanging from each end, for slingiag baggage to, 
which is carried on the shoulder, bahangl-bardar or 
bdanghwM, m. the man who carries the bahangL t. 

\jX^ ^V%^ bhangerdy m. one who sells 
bhang. «. ["«11« bhang, i. 

^djj^ ^^iptsf bhangeran, f. a woman who 
^IuJCj^ H§|f^ bhangeld, m. coarse hempen 

cloth ; also a sack or pannier made from the fibres of 
the bhang-plant, t. 

O J^ fW^I^ 6Atnna-t7a<,di vided,scattered. «. 

j^y^ iVnJt^ bhinnodar, m. a half-brother^ 
a brother not by the flame mother, a. 

j^ ft<4tt Uhnauvy f. a seed-plot, nurse- 

ry (for planta)^ A. 

.y^)hr^ bkanwavy m. a* whirlpool, eddy; 
a large black bee, a creeper. «. 

]j^^ H^n ftAoniwra, m. a large beej a 

climbing plant, creeper, s. 

K. Jl^ ^^nicjA bluinwar-kaUy f. a kind of 

•' halter (for horses or dogs. &c> A. « In South India this 
word denotes a swiveV* (Binning.) 

vi/ aA> ftnW^ bhinna-vargy m. square of a 

fraction. «. 

slf^Agi iSWT bJianrvag, a small class of r5/- 
pfUs* A. [m. Bubstraction of fractions, s, 

CJ^^iAf^ ftnnW^lrf^TC binna-vi/avakalit, 

^c-^ Ju^ ^fft^ baknOyt, m. a brother-in-law, 
a sister's husband. «. [sister^s husband. #. 

5a/in«,u (same as &aAno,i), a 

> • 

^ ^nN^ !>ttAni, f. handsel, first sale, eamest- 

" money. A. 

^JjlV W ^*^^ bahaneTiy f. an adopted sister. «. 


( 146 ) 


y^ ^ hahuj f. daugbter-in-IaWy Bon'« wife ; 

a wife. «. 

^ ^ hhauy m. fear, dread, terror. », 

^ ^ hhuy f. the earthy the world ; place, 

site, l&nd or soil. «. 

j^ )rv bhav^ m. bding, existence ; the world ; 

name of MahSdeva. Ihaoa-uigar, the ocean or world 
of existence, t. fiphere. «. 

3^ H7 hhuva, m. heaven, ether, sky, atmo- 
i_^ )niT Mu,a, f. father's sister; a worm, 

caterpillar, h, 

^3^ ^T^WC hahu^ar, 1 m. name of a fruit 
.1^ '^?^TO fraAwrar, J (Cordia myxd). s. 

ti\j4? ^^V*fl hhawant, f. Parvafx or Durga, 

" Mahftdeva's wife, name of a HindO goddess, the pa- 
troness of those miscreants oJled fhags, t. 

{^^3^ )V^T9 hhubhaly m. hot ashes, h, 

fm^y^ ^ hhupy m. a king, a sovereign. $. 

^,>ft? *f^ bhopa, m. a kind o{ fdktry a ma- 
gician. 9. {j^^ '• 

JV>^ ^Tq^JT &^u-pa/, m. a landlord, a king, 
^jb #4^ WT^rt bhu-palt, f. name of a raginl. s, 
CIaJj^ )nif^ bktt-pati,m. a king, sovereign. <. 
O^ >T1T &Att^, heen, hecome ; existing; past; 

m. a demon, a goblin ; a malignant spirit haunting 
cemeteries, Inrkmg in trees, animating carcases, ana 
deluding or devouring human beings ; the preterite 
tense in grammar; one of the elements, which among 
the HindQs are five in number: viz. 1st, the earth; 
2nd, the water; 3rd, the fire ; 4th, the air; 5th, space 
' or ether, bhiit luma, to be distracted with rage. In 
law it denotes the real fact or state of the case. s. 

Cj^ W^ bahiUf much, manj (same as 

bahut), d. 

\3^ HVffT bkota, hlunt, ohtuse. A. 

li«3U^ vnTTTRT bkutdtma, m. body, vital prin- 
ciple, cause of life. ». [dance, d, 
«3\3^ bhutady much, many; excess, aban- 
jb^^ HjflOc bhutariy m. assafoBtida. «. 

iJLu2l»j\3^ )lilTfVT bhvtdvishta, possessed by 
a devil. «. [a devil. «. 

uH^^^ )Jin^ bkutaveshy m. possession by 

U^C^^4^ ^nrifTT bhut-jata, f. Indian spike- 
nard {Falerianajatamansi). s. 

J^^C^^, Mf^^HXK. bhut'Sancharf m. pos- 
session by evil spirits, s. 

(^Ji^^4^ ^ftfiHi &^auftA,relatingtoevil spirits.^. 
^O^. ^TfPnir bhut-gatij m. a class of sprites 

or goblins. «. 

Ub Jj6C«>^^ )T?fTW bhut-gandha, f. Muray a 

sort of perfume. «. [trial globe, s. 

cP^ iTif^ bhu'tal^ m. the earth, the terres- 

e^^^^^ HTRT^R bhut-natkan, m. mark- 
ing-nut plant {Semtearptts cmacardkm) ; the Eleocarpoi 
■*®^ *• [ogress. «. 

(J^^3^ ^SP^ 5A5<nt, f. a she-demon, an 
O^'j^^ ^JiWra bhut'Vas, m. beleric my- 

robalan (Termmalia heleriea). s. 

Lr?JJ**-^^ ^J??^ ^^^t-vriksha, m. a tree 

{Trophit aspera) ; Bignonia Indlca. «. 

Vj'^^ farftftWT bhut-vikriya, f. epi- 
lepsy, possession by evil spirits. #. 

^»9^' Hflf?Rnn bhavitavyata, f. futurity, 
destmy. s. 

t^j'*^^ ^1?^ ^t'vesht, f. a species of 

'*Nehm (NyetatUhes irUtit). t. [become, s. 

*iy^ nfsnr^ bkavitavya, what is to be, or 
(J^ WW ft^ort, f. labour, workl A. 
jV^^ WhftfR JAo<U5r, a labourer, h. 
^3^ ^ ^'^'^.^ l^nd irretentive of water, h. 

^•^ ^ ^^^^^ 1™' * country, pro- 

vlSljf^ Wtern J Aotan^, J bably Bootan. «. 

V^ Htfjnn bhotiya, m. an inhabitant of 

Bootan. «. 

TT.^ Wtn &%', m. ealing, feast; name of a 

raj& celebrated in the Singha$an bafUi, a sovereign of 
Ujjain, who is supposed to have flourished about the 
end of the tenth century: he was a celebrated patron 
of learned men, and the nine gems or poets are often 
ascribed to his era ; a country, Fatna and Bhagalpore. *. 

S?^^ H^nt bhau-jdfi, f. a brother's wife. #. 
J3i^3^ ^^^ bhoj-pur, name of a country 

near Chhaprfi. m. 

>^^^ W^inW bhoj-patra or bhqjpattary ra. 

the bark of a tree, said to be a kind of bireh, used 
in making long tubes or pipes for the i^^a, s. 

<*^«-^ W^TW bhqf'kat, m. the country of 

Bhoj. the present Bhojpore, or the vidi^ty of Patna 
and Bhagalpore. #. 

i:^3^ ^ftW^bhqjany m. eating, food, victuals. 

6A(>/a»4;., to eat. (Ao^'on-i^cA, table expenses, s. 
,^fi?-^ ^Tl|^ bhu'jambuy f. wheat ; the fruit 

of the Yaikunta {Flacourtia sapida), «. 

d^i?-^ ^jJTJ *A«T;«w<w, earth-worm. «. 
'H^jA^ ^ft^^^ bhqfanzya, 1 tobeeateUyedi- 
ftA^-^ ^ft^bhq}ya, Jble;^. 
{^3^ ^^Hft bhauji, f. a brother's wife. s. 
Jjk>>^ ^^ ^hujdy m. a species of bird. s. 
<-^^^ Wt^^V bhauchah (inelegant),agha8t f. 
jb^^ H^ bhuddry m. a hog. <. 
^b^^ )T^T«r bhu'ddny m. a grant of land or 

of the revenue thereof, bhu-dana-^patra, a deed of 
grant of land, && s. 


J^^3^ ^S!^ ^^^'rdhavj m. a mountain. «• 
3i^^. ^^^ ^hu-deVf m. a Brahman, s, 
J^3^ ^V!^ (Att^AaAra, m. the equinoctial 

Hne. «. [number (in grammar). «. 

{^fi'y^ W^^^ni hahu^vachan, m. the plural 
>«>^ Yjftra (aAti-vuiAy various, multifonn, 

ofmanyldndi. f. 

Sd^ ^2!^ bhuda, a light or sandy soil. A. 
J^ hIt bhoTf f. dawn of day. bhar^hona, n. 

to be finuhed, to be terminated. A. 

1^ 1^ ^Atcr, f. charity given to poor people, 

almi. bkur-bSnpia, a. to ^ve alms to a nnmerous 
aa t cm bly of the poor } a ■pnng, fountain. A. 

j^ ^jft bhuri or bhuTj much, many. «. 
\^ 9n 5Aicra. fair, auburn, or brownish (as 

hair). A. [iog. A. 

Yji^ Htn frAorSy simple, artless, undesign- 

Iji^ )|TI &At<ra, land belonging to a village 

liuthest from the Inhabitants. A. 
ll^ ^^tn bahora, m. a shopkeeper or monied 

man in a ▼illage, who makes advances to or on account 
ofthecnltivaton. A. 

J^TJ^ ^S^(^bhutj-patra,m. the Bhcff-patr, 

a tree erowing in the snow^ mountains, a kind of 
birch ; the bark is used for writing on, and for making 
As;||a snakes, t. [illustrious, s. 

^2/•^^J^ ^{fcvnni 5Aurt-iiAajnan, splendid, 
«^^^ )TfC9l)T bkurv-labh, very profitable, 

m. great gain. s. 

CSJjIt^ ^^^ bhur-lokj m. the earth, s. 

1^13.^ )j^g||ft bhu-rundif f. a sort of sun- 
flower {Helioiropium Indicum). #. 

jjy^ W?td bakorOf a kind of sloping path- 
way for bullocks drawing water from a weU. A. 

J5j^ wjd^ bahu-rangi, many-coloored, 

""changeable (▼. bdhmrangt). s. 

^J3^ ^ bhuriy light sandy soil. A. 
Hjy^ ^gfl^fl t 5aAtt-t^Af, m. name of a class 

of compound words used as attributive ; as, ftoAiMRa/, 
hcfiDg many necklaces. «• 

X^ «VV bkur, f. sandy ground, soil in which 

much sand is ndzed. A. 
*A5^ W^ bhurart, com still remaining in 

the ear ^ller the process of treading. A. 

J«^ ijj5 bhural or rfll^f bhoral, m. talc, 

mica. A, 

t%uUL>^nbhus, 1m. busk of com, chaff, 

Im»^ ^nrr 6At(<a,j straw. «. 

lua^ H^ 2)Ao«a, m. (also bhosrl f.), T^u/ra 

valde magna, s. [carrying grain. A. 

^Vm>aA> )nnif 2)/<tuan7an, a tax on boats 

( i« ) ^ 

ir^i4^ ^ran bhusra, an inferior kind of 

wheat A. 


^^y*»^ M[91iA &At(-«n?amI, m. a landlord, 

** a landholder, s, [Amhstv. 

^jy^^ HJOnf bhu'STvarg, m. the mountain 
^fjy^^ bhusauri, 1 an apartment in a house 
^y^^ bhusaula, > where straw, &c., is 
\ j^ jM§y^ } bhvMhra, j kept. A. 

Li^^ ^pA 2»Ai/^, f. chaff, bran. $• 
Oiiii ^j ^f^ 5At»At<, adorned, arrayed. «. 

0^94^ ^f^^^AvxAait, m. ornament, embellish- 
ment, jewel, t, 

'H^j^ Hfnir bhavishya, 1 future, about 
^ A ^ j 4 ? ^tP^^'W feAat7gVAya<,J to be. «• 
II^CiajuS*^ ^liVmrtHIM bhavishyat'Vaktdfm. 

one who foretells the future, a prophet, s. 

ciJj^ ^ MtiA, hunger, desire, d. 
o^ ^rn bhuka, 1 hungry, destitute, de- 
jr^^ S^ ^^^^^TfJ sirous of. (2. 
L^ji^ ^f^R^f bhu-kadamb, m. a plant 

{LigusticuM ajwaen), t. 

{J^3^ ^tVv^ bhokas, m. a wizard, a sorcerer, 

a magician. A. 

u^^ ^^^f^ bhu'kamp, m. an earthquake. «. 
^^ ^ 5A«AA, f. hunger, appetite. 5Ati- 

AAofl mama, to starve. «• 

^j4? vm bhukJia, hungry, starving, s. 
{j^y^ ^S!^ frAttAAan,m. ornaments, jewels. «. 
U^^^ ^ihv^ ^AoAAna, a. to bark (see 

v^J^ WVt &Ao</, m. enjoyment; the food 

offered to an idol ; pleasure, satisfaction ; possession i 
eating, victuals ; (in arithm.) the numerator of a frac- 
tion, bhog-bandhak, a bona granting the use of a 
pledged article, bhog-dar, one in the possession or 
enjoyment of any property. bhog4&bk, usufruct in 
lieu of interest. AAo^-A., to ei^oy, to suffer. «. 

\^^{^} H^ bhog, m. abuse, rudeness. A. 

l^A^ ^ftiU bhogdy m. fraud, trick, deceit, il- 
lusion, deception, Imposition, treachery, roguery, 
cheat. A. 

j\ij^^\S^ M\'\\tHHi\l bhogddhikar^ m. the 

possessor of the usufruct of mortoaged or pledged 
property, s. LS'S^* ^» ^g- A. 

ciiU JOA^^ HtnW^^ni bkog-bandhakj a mort- 

jf^ vnrT9 bhugal,m^ ashes, embers of afire. A. 

U^jgl^H^TRT %iignd, n. to enjoy, to suffer, to 
live 8tQi^^^|to take pain and pleasure as they come. t. 

J^^ W^t^ bhu-gol, m. the terrestrial globe, 


the earth. «. 


( 148 ) 



for the use or enjojmeiit of an individuAl, especially 
a Br&hman or reljgioaa person, t: 

tjy^ nWt hhogty jovialj jolly; the person 

**who envoys or possesses any thing; one who pursues 
pleasure, man bhogi harm daridri, bj nature fond of 
pleasure, but condemned by fate to poverty. «. 

U^^ H^ftm hhogkiya^ a small basket in 

which the sower carries his seed. A. 

djS^ >ftn| bhof/ya, that which may be en- 
joyed or possessed. «. 
Jj4? ^^ ^^^^9 ^' forgetfulnegs, an error, 

mistake, blunder. A. 

^9^ Hl;^&Ao/a,8imple,artIe8S,tinde8igning. h, 
UmiJ^^ ^^rftran JAS/a-Wwa, "l missing 
yjjt^'JL^ ^l^VKZWl bhulabhatkaj the road, 

generally a person who calls on another in consequence 
of some accident,&c, not intentionally, to pay a visitA. 

\>^.A^ hhidaaa (for bhulana)f to mislead,&c.A. 
^^^9^^ H><gMI ^I bkold-natk, m. a name of 

Mah&deva, h, 

Uj4J ^^5^ bhUridy n. to forget, to err, to 

mistake, to blunder; to miss, to omit, to stray, to be 
forgotten. A. [ofmankmd. *. 

cl)jJ^ ^5?rtf bhu'lokj m. the earth, region 
JL^ 4^ bhoUf f. innocent, artless, fc/io/i- 

|}at&^^ innocent prattle. A. 

y^ ^ Wiwmt or bhuMj f. land, soil : the 
* earth, place, scite ; the base of any figure iftgeometiy. *. 
^^ 'Jt^^ bhaum, m. the planetMars. bkaum- 

tor, m. Tuesday. «. 

^.jua*^ W^w|&Aomp,m.ahom,&c. {y.bhonp)M. 
yM4> ^rf**^ bhumijf (lit. earth-bom) a caste 

^oflowHindas. «. l{Prevma herbacea). *. 

►^ Hfinre bhumi'jambu, f. a tree 
jk».A*4> hO^^mi^ bhumi'Ckampak, m. a 

^\mi {Koempferia rotunda) s, [chief. #. 

cii«*^ wfc^ 5/itimt*, m. a landholder; a 

«->i> ^*4> HftWI bkumi'kampf m. an earth- 
quake, t. 
L^^ wft bhumt, f. the earth ; ground, land, 

"soil. * bhhmi-dar, a landholder, a headman or chief. 
bhumi'ddha, being burnt or reduced to earth (a 
corpse). ». [trial. *. 

>o^ >^ift bhaumt, adj. f. earthly, terfes- 
llo^ vrik^\ bhumiya, a landlord, proprietor 

of the soil. A. 
JUe^ Hinn^ bhumyal, a resident, native 

of a place, also one's native ooujyjp. d. ^t^m^ 
JU*^^ ^rftnn^J bkumiyal, jiroAmmdr^uccom- 

piished. ^rf. ....i^plnndering. A. 

0>.U«j^ XpHiimH MumtyaTi^af, f. a general 

i3j^(«^ ^ft^lMUl Mumtyan^ati, an inaar- 

gent chief, f . 

ij^,^ WWtn bhomtraf f. coral. A. 

^jj^ ^ bhaun, or W^ ^Aon, f. the eyebrow. 

frAouii-^Ai-Aami, a. to browbeat, to look angrily, nds- 
ing the eyebrows, to frown, to soowL hhau^ tanm^ 
to knit the eyebrows. «. 

O^ ^^f^nr bhaman, m. a house, a habitation, 

scite, spot, a temple, t, 

U^ 9^ fr/ttiwan, m. a world ; water; hea- 
ven ; man, mankind. $. 

li^4? ^^TT bhauna, n. to revolve, s, 

U^ tfVT 2)/itfnHa, to parch, &c., see U3^^ • 

(jmUj^ >lV«f1H bhaunas, m. a large and strong 

post to which they fasten elephants. A. 

^jS>\3^ H^Hlf^C*^ bhavanashint, f. the Sarju 

river, which flows from the Himalaya into the Gog- 
gra. t, 

kI/^^ VTfPT &/itt-9ia^,m. an earth-worm. s. 
(^\3^ bhaundft, ro. brother-in-law, sista^s 

husband, d. 

(/W(i>^ )9)n^ bhun-bkofif a man invested 

by a proprietor vrith a portion of land, which he must 
not dispose of to others. A. 

L^'^j^^ Wf^ 2)Ao7??j9,1 m.ahom,awindinst^l- 
yJ^ ^f^hompuj ment. h. 

Uii«A> WNt bhontha, \ , , , , , , 

T^r^ ^ ' \ h\unt, obtuse. 7*. 

j^^ HPTO bhonthraj 

ij^^ vnpift &/iav(7n^, a house surrounded 
** by a dead wall. A. [an earthquake. «. 

JVfi^^ )6Nt^ 5Aatin-cAaZ also bkun-chaly m. 
V^(i>^ ^TBpniT 5/it<n-rAamj9a, m. the name 

of a plant {Kampferia rotunda)* «• 

^.j3^ 4^lJt &Awn</ari, land given rent-frre 
to village servants. A. [pose upon. d. 

13 JJft^ vfl't^fTI bhondnd, a. to deceive, to im- 
j jJa^. vft\^bhondu, silly, quiet, mild, artless* 

simple. A. (In Dakh.) deceitful, artful. [ugly. A. 

1i3J»A^ Wtlt bhonddy ill-shaped, useless, bad, 

I JJ»*I^ 'l^^ bahondd or bakaunda, land given 
rent-free to the village chaukldar or watchman. A. 

\jjJ>J^^ )np^^ bhund-paijd, unlucky, ill- 
omened. A. 
{Sj^f^ H^prtt bhundar'i, f. a small patch of 

cultivation alloted rent-free to village servants. A. 

bjj»^. Hfil^in bhundiydf m, one who culti- 
vates with a borrowed plough or hand instrument A. 

y^ ^^ 6/tatmr (v- bhanwar), m. a whirl- 
pool, s. 


( 148 ) 


]?^ *lhf bkaunra^ m. a large bee, or rather 

beetle, enamoured of the lotos. In Dakh. a whirlpool, 
aoabyn. s, pw« »• 

1A?4? 4ttl hkaunra, m. a cavern, vault, cel- 
jfjy^. ^<*g^ tAatt«r-Aflfi, f. a kind of 

**halter (for hones or dogs). In Dakh. a swiveL A. 
\Sf^ 4td 2»Aat<»ri, f. feathered hair ; name 
of a defect in horses, s. [ftAoaitra). t. 

c/AjA^. mM ftAflttnri, f. a female bee (vide 
Ul^^4> HYr<4||«|| 6A(ii/nrfyana, a. to whirl, 

to turn. «. 
Lm3»*^ H^ frAttnta, m. chaff, bran. hhun$ar 
Jhu, an kinds of grain in husk, h, [n. to bark. A. 

^*^r"\^ft.^ >Or^«ll bhaunsna, or ){9«n ^AtmMM, 
lS^S^ 5/iiam, f. damp, mouldiness. <i. 
^V^j^; ^^ ^AojiA, m. a stab, a thrust. A. 
^S^ ^^ WfvpriNIt MonAo-^AonAi, f. 

"atahUag and thrusting. A. 

l/^>4? WlNriT WonAfS, very fat. A. 
ij^j^j vfiNnr hhankasy m. a wizard who 

veys upon children (or men or women), till he brings 
them to the grave, h, [to talk foolishlj. A. 

U£>^ >lY*H 1 &Aat/nAna, n. to bark ; (met.) 

Vjioj^ Wfv^n (AonAna, a. to thrust, to drive 
(as audi), h. [pent. #. 

i2j&^ ^^ MtiiDan^, m. a snake, a ser- 

«c\X3^ ^n^ 5A5n^a,t,1 f. a kind of tax on 

JtG^ *!^ &Attn^a,t,J forest produce: 

"(inBijpOr. &C.). h. [vem, aceUar. t. 

\f^9^ W)r^Cf bhon-ghara, m. a vault, a ca- 

1:3^ ^ Mtinna, a. to parch, to grill, to 
bcoO, to toast, to roast, to inflame, to fry. %. 

^^^ wf^ &Au-ntm2>, m. a species of gen- 

tfaa, commonly caUed cheraUa (GetUiana eherayta), s. 

A^y^> Wtvi*^^ Maunn;ar-Aali, f. a kind 

of halter (for hones or dogs). A. 

^%^ Wt^ 5A4mA, f. the eyebrow. <• 
jW^ ^h|lt WtwiAar, name of a tribe of 

Hindas.*^A. [raneons dwelling. *. 

LaJ^ )ifpCI bJwnkaray m. a kind of subter- 

Ujf^ i|f^ 5Atmrya, m. the headman of a 

Tillage. K 
\\^y^ vhntl bhunyara^m. a cellar, cavern, d. 

^ '^ bkuhpthy f. the earth, a kind of 

tterpOlar (see (&fi,I>l). A. 

</^ *?lt 6Ao,i or ^i^AM,i, m. a chair-porter, 

a pilkl bearer (generally pronounced " boy " by Euro- 
pMUD ladies); a white cat. A. [teller, s. 

yj^ vtk^ bhareaiya^ m. a dancer, a story- 

ifj^ftH bahu-mj, having many or much 

"seed; m. the custard-apple (Annona sqummoui^ s. 

tjj^jlf^ ^V^fhft bakU'Virfya, m. bellerio 
myrobalan {Temdnalia bellerica), s. 

^,^ OTff 6Auyon,1 m. a chief, holdmg by 
Lsi-y^ Mjqft Mwyi J military service; bead- 
sman of a TiUage. A. 

^^^ V^ hhuyVty f. the earth, ground ; a kind 
of cateroillar covered with hair and destructive to 
plants, flowen and trees, i . 

Ui»*^>j^ )V^qniT bhuftn-champaf m. a kind 

of fireworks, like a flower-pot (resembling that com- 
monly called andr). s. 

^i^^iji/^. ^^I^*^ bhUfVhdagdhd, gifts at 
marriages and funerals. #• [quake. «. 

Jj^e^jl'^^ ^^t^ Mtf,i^of, m. an earth- 
iJ^^'N4^ ^I^RI^ M«,tn-man|a low caste of 

"Hlndfts engaged in the vUest oflices. A. 

.^jji>^ )|^{TC 5A5,l»-A5r, a tribe of Hindiis 

setUed in GorackpQr, ftc. A. 

isMf^^y^ bhu,tnrhari, land let at a low rent 

to military retainers, k, [agahi, repeatedly, s. 

H^^^ 'S?^ ^^^yobktiya, again and 
«>^ HUf bkavya, prosperous, fit, happy. 

bhUya, again, afterwards. «• 

^^;t4^ Hftnn 5AaArana, n. to shiver, to 

tremble, to totter, to stagger. A. 

> bihi, a quince* bikt-ddna, m. quince* 

seed ; (from the a^}. bih, good), goodness, weliaxe. p. 

^-^ Hi| 6Aat, m. fear, terror. *. 


^^ Wt bht, conj. also, too, even, and. A. 


^«^ vif , fern, of bhaya, was, became. «• 

j ^^ ^aAi, f« a book, not stitched at the 

sides, but at the ends; a register, book of accounts, a 
ledger, baki-khata or bahUkhasra, a day-book, bafn- 
pafwari, the village accountant's register, bahi-mahd- 
Jaih a merchant's or banket^s book, h, 

VaA> Shn bhaiyUf m. brother, comrade. «• 

l^ }Km bhaya^ was, became ; past tense of 
an obsolete verb " to be, to become.* s. 

ULobU^ ShnWW bhaiya-bantf brotherhood, 

fraternity. A. 

bWj ihinn bhaiydpa, 1m. brotherhood, 
Cl^U^; ShrnVir bhatyapat,) friendship (also 

bhaySpS, hhayapat), s. 

JU^ ^finj^ bhaydtuVf terrified, astounded, 

distracted with fear, t . 

1 VU^ li^^KX bhaiyd-chdrd, also bhatyd* 

cAartTT'Wlhmunity of brethren, or of people from 
one Btocl 


( 150 ) 

jH^ ^Vf^pnt hahiyar^ lands at a distance 

from the village. A. 

*^^ ^'^^ bhayaria, frightened, afraid. $. 
Lr^^L54? ^^^ Wai-a«#, division of property 

or interests among brothen. t, 

^^^ Winnr bhayanakA terrific, fright- 
^J^ ^^IIHl bkaydwandj ful. *. ^ 
^U^ bhiya,Of m. marriage, espousals, d. 
^ H^} ^W^ bhaibat, 1 paying and receiving 
^^jiAf •^^ bkaiwadj on the footing of one 

of a fraternity. A. [rifled. #. 

C^^AJL^ } )npi^ bhay-bhtta, frightened, ter- 

(^^mmAAjl^ JhWt &Aat|?anH,') the sharesofabro- 
1^^^^^ 8f^^ bkaikimj therhood, espe* 

'ciall J in the lands of a village^ townahip. A. 

0043 )Aw bha, f. a wall (or breadth ot a 

wall), mound, embankment, the vestige of an old 
house, ochhe kiprlt^joh balU ki bhit, the friendship of 
the mean is like a wall of sand (t. 0. unstable), s. 

Ci^ vff^ bhlt or bhtta, terrified, afraid, 

alarmed. bhUl, t fear, alarm. «. 

v^ A A J ^^^ ^Al/t, f. fear, apprehension. $. 
Uu^ HlTT Matta, m. a stunted crop. A. 
^;AA^ )Airc 5Aitor, within, inside. «. 
gr^AA^ hImO frAitori, inward, inside, in- 

temaL «. 

*^;J^ ^rtirftm bfutariyd, m. an inmate, the 

people who live in a house, not strangers, domestic ; 
men who preside at a temple ; those among the guests 
at a wedding-feast who eat in company with the rela- 
tives of the bride ! those who partake of the feaat 
without are called bahariffd. 9, 

y^ ^^ b(^hetu, m. a vagabond, vagrant, a 

wanderer, t. 

i^jy!^ WhfNIt bhitaufi, ground-rent paid 

for the site of a house by a stranger. <• 

Lo^ H7 bhetf f. meeting, interview ; a pre- 

lent made to a 
irs. bhef-patra, 

sent (to a superior), bhep-bakra, a present made to a 

newly-appointed governor by the villagers. 

a deed of gift on the above occasion. Mi;, the mound 

of a tank or artificial pond ; the vestige of an old 
house, h, 

Ua^ W)7T bhtta, m. an old house, a former 

residence (provided some vestige rtmain). h, 
{2^^A^ d^if bhetaiif to meet, act of meeting, h. 

IjL U ^ ) ^TfT bhetna, n. to meet, to join ; to 

arrive ; to m^e a present (to a superior). A* 

yi^^^bhetuj m.1 a stalk, stem. &Ai;i,same 
^J^^bketiff.) asftAiftq.v. h, 

^^ ^ bhej, rent, an installment bhej-ba- 

rar, name of a kind of complex tenure Cr, Wilson'a 
OhM.). A. *'*^- 

t^ din bhe;d, m. the brain. A, 

\^^' ^itm hhyof wet, moist, h. 

^5p^ JHrt bhejtM, a. to send, to transmit. 

to utter, ejaculate. A, 

^i^ vrtipiT bhijna, n. to be wet. A. 
ttil^ JW^ or H^rw bhaichah, alarmedf 

I agliast, starting. «. 

va^SP^ ^rt^tft bktchnd, a. to squeeze, to com- 
press, to crush. A. 

*>J^ ^ bhed, m. secrecy, mystery; diffe- 

rence, kind, sort; disunion, disagreement. bhed-Und^ 
a. to spy, to pry into, to work one's aelf into confi- 
dence, to sound, s. rfiii, j,^ 

^^'^^J^^^V^bhai^rsht, fearful, fright- 
^«^> d^ bhedak, a breaker, one who 

breaks or divides, a mischief-maker. #. 

JT'^^ d^lR bhed-kar, separating, causing 

disunion. #. 

^*3a^ i^^ftWI bkedakiyay m. a scoot, a spy. s. 

J*^^ *^5^ bhedu, m. one who possesses an- 
other's secret, a confidant «. 

S?*M4? ^ bhedi, 1 intelligent; m. a 
U«N^ dftpn ftA^rftya, J scout,aconfidant«. 
c/*^^ ^^ bhedi, m. the ratan. L 

*i*^^ Jhff bhedya, whatever ought to be 
kept secret, worthy of secrecy, s, 

jj^. ^ bher, f. a kind of pipe, a musical in- 
■trument, a kettle-dmm. t. 

J^ H^ Mirtt, f. a timid woman ; a plant 

{Asparagus racemosus); a sort of prickly nightshade. «. 

Jix} ^^ baktr, If. the baggage accompany- 
jfA^ Wlfhr bahtrj ing an army ; also the lines 

near a camp where the wives and fiuniUes of the 
soldiers live. A. 

itt^ ^t^CT baherd, the beleric myrobalan. h. 
(^1^ ^hcn!t bkairdfi, f. the name of a 

RiginL «. 

jUl4^ ^^ bhairav or bhairava, formidable 

horrible ; m. hatred, abhorrence, a name of iSSbtiMi, but 
more especially an inferior manifestation of the deity 
eis;ht of which are reckoned, and severally termed 
Asitanga, Ruru, Chanda, Krodh, Unmatta, Kupad Bl- 
shan. and Sanghar, all alluding to terrific properties of 
mind or body; the name of a river; a kind of rof in 
music s, 

wjyj^ ▼^Wyn bahtro-bund, the baggage 

accompanying an army. A 

UliA^ ^^ bhairon, m. the name of a rag, 

or musical mode, sung at dawn in autumn, repvesented 
bv Mahadeva with the Ganges flowing from the hair of 
his head, and this ra^ or musical deity issues from 
Mahadeva* s mouth (vide Gilchrist's Gram. 4to. p. 276); 
a name of Mahadeva. t. 

(/l^ ^^ bhairavl, f. the name of a rdgini, 

the wife of BhairoA rSg. «. 

(j^M^ dl!^ bheri, m» a piper, bhaiti, a spe- 
cies of falcon. «. 


( 151 ) 


b^ ^^4t haheryciy name of a clan of raj- 

putt in JaanpGr and Chunar. A. 

^J4> )Af hhtr, f. multitude, crowd, mob *, a 

prett of work, trouble, difficulty. A. 

Jx^ ^ 5A^9 m. a ram ; f • a sheep, ewe. s. 
Ja^ ^iftf hahir, m. baggage, &c. of an army^ 

A camp>lbllower of any Und. A. 

^x^ Y^ hcLhera, m. the name of a fruit 

(the beUric ntyrobatanf TermuuUia beleHcOj Boxb,), #• 

\j^ itp m. a ram, Dakh. a wolf. 5Aira, 

crowded, throng. A. 

jJoj^A^ bktr^hangaf m. the rabble of camp 

fiDDowera, the " impedimenia " of an army on march. d» 

f^Jji;^ WtmrV hhtT'^hhar, f. a crowd, multi- 

fodeii A, 
^Ji^ HTilT hhernUf a. to shut, to close. A. 
un*^ ^mH frA^riy f* a sheep, an ewe. s> 

l^^A^ df\pn hheriycLj m. a wolf, bheriya 

dhoiOH, m. a multitude crowded together like sheep 
in a pen* the act of following the example of another. «. 

tmx^ ^ bhes m. (for 2»A6<A), appearance^ 

assumed likeness, counterfeit dress, semblance, bhU 
(for AAlfAa), the edible root of the lotus plant. #. 

^nugqni hhayorstkanj m. seat or 



part exposed to peril or hurt. 

^JU^ ^ hhethy m. (same as hkeB\ appear- 
ance, kc s. [kind of fennel (Ntgetta Indica), «. 

*l^ iHlf hhetkaj, m. a remedy, drug; a 
JLj^ ¥fNf bhtshma, horrible, fearful ; m. 

lujcror. t' 

*-^(^% vfhnir WuAfln, horrible, formidable^ 
m. horror; the olibanmn tree {Botwellia thurlfera). t. 

(^JU^ ^ bhek, m. a toad, a frog. t. 
ij^y bhik, m. (for bhtkh), begging, &c. d. 
iJJji^ HtnWW bhaya-harah, terrifying, 

Inghtening. #. 

iSj^^ bhVtari, m. a mendicant d. 
^^jo^ ^ bhekh, m. (for bhesh) disguise, as- 

suned appearance, dress, &&, semblance. AAeAjMAort, 
a4J. patting on a disguise, assomfaig an appearance, t. 

„^Ck^ ^INr bhihhy f. begging, charity, alms. «. 
^^ ini\ bheki, f. the female of the frog, 

"or a small frog; a kind of creeper {Wydrocotyh Aria- 
ileay, «. 

\jlC^ *ftn«n bhtgnay or rfj^nn hhthgna, n. to 

be wet ro*-Wi^. applied to the night passing hi 
mirth and musi^ entertainment. A. 

W y 4)^ Wtl, ro. the Jiame of a wild race 

of mountaineers dwelling especially along the course 
of the Narmada or Nerbudda, and subsistiDg chieay 
by plunder, s. 

^Ia^ ^9T bliela^ ro. a kind of nut, used for 

marldng clothes {Semiearpus anaeardimn), t, 

{^^y^^ ^^^9 bhel-sel, m. allo^ of metal 

(hi coinage, be). A. 

^^jj^ ^^ dA^Zty f. a lump of coarse sugar (or 

"guf), generally consisting of fire or six sirs. A. 

\aU^ ^^r<$i|| &aA6%a,m. a fowler; the name 

of a tribeof HindQs. A. [terror, s. 

M^^ ^fff^ bhtm, fearful, terrible ; m. horror, 
^^k^ }fff^ bhlmj or 5Aima,1 thenameofoneof 
UJ^H^? Wtiy^ bhvn'seny) the five Pandn 

princes, the second brother of JudhishpUr or YudhUh- 
fkira. s. [ed. «. 

(2;Ua^ ^nniR bhayamanf frightened* alarm- 
^jkM»^i^> Whrihft 5Aim-<^i,f.akindofcam- 

phire. A. 

^j¥X^ M &^tml) f. the eleyenth day of the 

** bright half of the month of MSgh. s. 

{•j^ bihin, best, most excellent, s. 

{:X^'^ ^^^ ^^6 earth, the ground ; the bleat* 

ing of sheep. AA«ii-6AeA-A., to bleat as sheep A. 

Ujl^ ihn bhena, f. a sister. A. ^ 

Ua4> Whn bkmdf wet ; m. sister's husband, 

brother-in law. A 

CiajjlA) Wfir ^Ain^ f. a wall (v. bhit\ <• 
(ilAjUk^"))? bhenfyf. interview ; visit ; present. 

hhenf-mula^at, t a meeting. A. [sit A. 

Uuuu^ "U7«n bhe/Undy n. to meet with; to vi- 
Sjj^ bhendf m. a kind of reed or aquatic 

plant {Msehynomene pahtdota), from the stem of which, 
resembling pith, beioff exceedingly light, are made a 
variety of articles. Bemg a non-conductor of heat, this 
substance is admirably adapted for making hats, covers 
for wine-bottles which have been eoolea with ice or 
saltpetre, &c. The article commonly called *' rice pa- 

per '* is nothing more than this substance cut in very 
thin plates. The plant is also named thold q. v. 
(Binning), d. [in UrdQ, rd«/ara,i, q. v.). d. 

i^jjjk^ bhendiy{. name of a vegetable (called 
^jJjL^ Ita bhainsy f. a female buffalo, s, 
^^^ **JtA.^ ^^ bhainsdy m. a male buffalo. s» 
i>\jLjj^ ^Hn^ bkainsa-dddy 1 m. a 
i^bU-Jj^'^lftm^ bhaingiya-dadf) kind 

of ringworm. «• 

)«33>wJla^ bhainsonddy a tax or cess for the 

privilege of grazing buffiiloes. A. 

ijjL^ HiTf^ bkayankary terrible, terrific. «. 

Ujjl^,) "iiin bhengdy squint-eyed. h. 

UGa^) bhlnffna, n. (v. bKignu)y to be wet. h. 

^xjL> ^ bkevy m. a state, condition ; innate 

property, nature, f. [was or became. A. 

^Jk^ ^^ bhayau or bkayo (Braj. for bhayd), 
^\^ bhaiwdd (v. bhaibat), paying, &c. A. 


( 152 ) 


^A^ Wf^ hhthar, name of a tribe, Buppodcd 

to be the aborigines of Rohilcund, Upper Da,ab. k. 

jl>^> ^ ^^ ^^^ ^AaiAu, f. sister-in-law, 
younger brother^! wife. «. 
J4> ^ bha,t, fem. of l^Aaya, was, becanae. A. 

(3 ^ M, a vocative particle used in speaking 

** to women ; contraction of fr^M» a lady, mistreaa ; co^j. 
(for bhi) alsOk even. A. 

(3 ^ b^y a vocative particle, used contemptu* 

ouely, as "you rascal,* "you sbrrah." A. 

be, a privative particle or preposition, de- 

''noting in the Persian Language ** without," " void of." 
When prefixed to nouns, it forms compound adjec- 
tiTea, corresponding with our words of the same Idnd 
beginning with in; an, tm, tr, &c, or such as end with 
less. All these compound adjectives may again be- 
come abstract nouns by the addition of t, as be-adab, 
unmannerly, rude, be-^ab-l, uamannerliness, rude- 
ness. It is impossible to give a complete list of these, 
as the employmff of them has no limit but the taste 
or caprice of the writer. The following list will be 
found useful in the meantime ; — be-ab» without water 
(lustre, temper, dignity, &c). beSbru, dishonourable. 
be-itt^S^, discordant, without union. be~a§qr, without 
effect be-aial, lit. without or in spite of fate, untimely 
(death! Mr-i^tyajf, incautious, improvident, impru- 
dent oe-fftft^tyor, without choice, in spite of one's self. 
fts-ac/a6, rude, presumptuous, impudent, be-ttdahit rude- 
ness, presumptuousness. be-aram (vulg. bJram), rest- 
less, Bidk. be^asbab, having no effects, be-itibart not 
trustworthy. be-Viidal, uneven. be-Vtilcdd, incredulous. 
be-ilt{fat, regardless, be-uffat, unsocial, averse to at- 
tachment or friendship, be-itntiydz, undistinguishlng, 
ill-bred, rude, unmannerly, be-intifia^ endless, bound- 
less, infinite, be-andazot immoderate, be-infof, un- 
just, be-aulad, childless, be-imdn, without conscience, 
without religion. be-bd*itt without reason, be-bdj^, 
complete, without arrears, paid up in full, be-bdii, 
£ completion, be-bak, fearless, be-bdl o par^ without 
power, be-iad^ without blemish, be-badal, incompa- 
rable, inestimable, be-bart fruitless, barren, be-borg o 
bar, fruitless, barren, poor, be-bat, without power, 
without authority or comroanri; helpless. 6e-6afar, 
without sight (generally applied to the mind,) sense- 
less, undisceming. bt-bakd, frail, perishable, not eter- 
nal, be-bdlt without power, weak; wretched, poor. 
be-band o bast, unarranged, without order, unsettled 
{as a country), be^bunyad, groundless, unfounded. 6«- 
bahd, beyond price, invaluable. be-beJtdr, out of season. 
be-bahrat portionless, unfortunate, be-paydn, bound- 
less. k-fMir Jo. unveiled, immodest. 6e-parwA, fearless, 
without reflection, careless, be-partod^t, t thought- 
lessness, carelessness, independence, tranquillity, in- 
difference, be-par o bdl, weak, utterly helpless, be- 
parhex, incontinent. be-i)arhexl, f. incontinence. 6c- 
phdb, shapeless, be-pir, naving no spiritual guide, vi- 
dous. be-inr, cruel, pitiless, unfeeling, be-tdb, faint 
restless, oe-^oftr, of no effect, be'ta^ammul, rash, is- 
tdl, out of time (in music) ; ill-timed, be-tdn, out of 
tune, be-ta^hdt inconsiderate. be-ta'alluJ:, without 
connections, independent 6e-ta9r|tr, innocent, blame- 
less, not guilty, acquitted, be-takalli^, without cere- 
mony. 6e-tomatiaa, content. 6e-tesii«, silly, indiscreet 
bg-taufajjuh, inattentive, unkind, be-tosha^ unprovided, 
destitute (a traveller). 6e-to«ra|bjb(', hopeless, without 
expectation, be-tah, bottomless, be-fhmtr-fhikdne, 
groundless, be-tabdt, unstable, be-iomar, fruitless, of 
no result be-tadbir, incautious, unwitting, inconsi- 
derate. be-Jd, Ill-placed, ill-timed, inaccurate, be-jdda, 
variegated coral, oe-jdn, lifeless, £aint ; valiant, brave. 
be-jdn k., to deprive of life, to slay, be-jur/xt, cowardly. 
be-Jurm, innocent, faultless, be-jirm, without blembb, 
spotless (a jewel), bejigar, cowardly, be-jamdli, f. 

ugUneas^ Imperibction. be-Jawdbt unable to answer* 
be-chdragi, t necessity, helplessness, be-ehdra, without 
choice, without remedy, nelpless, poor, be-chdl and 
fte-cAa/i, unprincipled ; L misdemeanoor, ill-behaviour. 
be-chirdgfi. lampless. desolated, childless, be-chashmt 
eyeless, be-chun, unparalleled, incomparable. 6r- 
CMiw, restless, uneasy. 6e-^i7, fruitless, without re^ 
suit 6e-^, ill-circumstanced, be-^ijdb or be-^jdbanot 
unveiled, openly, immodest be-^add, boundless. 6e> 
^rmat, di^^raced. be-^umuUit t dissrace. be-^is$, in- 
sensible, senseless. be'^Udb, counUess, immoderate, 
inconsistent, be-hikmat, unskilfiil. be-lMvdss, besida 
one's self, out of one's senses, be-^ayd^ shameless, 
immodest impudent te-ftb^* without tlK»iis ; with- 
out anxiety, without fear or solicitude. be-J^dm o 
mSn, without house or hall, destitute. fts^ftayOi ni* 
(lit. without a testicle) a eunuch. be-]^^iibar, incautious, 
imprudent; unwitting, unintentionaL be-Jchfibrt, £ 
imprudenoe, heedlessness. Ae-i^areA. without (money 
for) expenditure, be-kj^radt without understanding, 
stupid. be-M^ l^wind, without a master, without 
an owner. be-M^ar and be-lsi^tra^ free from danger, 
safe, be-itipdlft sleepless, be-kkv^bif f. sleeplessness. 
be-l^^jipdkUh, without inclination or spirit; without 
pursuit, object, or hobby-horse. be-lAsf^t beside one'a 
self, enraptured, fte-idun t ecstasy, rapture, be 
ftftar l^itpdb, without inclination to eat or sleep, rest- 
less, be-l^ipesht friendless^ be ddf^^ dismissed, set 
aside, not admitted (a claim), be-ddd, unjust, not 
doing justice, lawless, be-d&d'gor, m. an oppressor. 
be-dddi, f. ii^ustioe, lawlessness, be-ddsht, careless, 
inattentive, negligent be-^dthtt, t carelessness, in- 
attention (partkiHarly not taking care of cattle). 6e- 
d^g&, spotless, be-ddna, seedless (fmiti be-dati^ 
ejected, be-daj^'karna, a. to exclude, be-dard, piti- 
less, unfeeling, be-dirang, without delay, be-darnf^ 
undeniable, incontestable, readQy acknowledged ; un- 
sparing, nngrudffing, liberal, not refusing, be-dasi 
pd, (having neither hands nor feet) helpless, without 
power or authority, be-dattur, ill-bred, unusual, ht- 
dtfwd, free from claims ; (in law) one who relinquishes 
his claim or suit be-da^wd paira, a deed acknow- 
ledging the abandonment of a claim or suit be-dil, 
heartless, dispirited, melancholy, dejected, sad. be- 
dill, f. dejection, heartlessness. beldam, breathless. 
be-damaA> ill-tempered, impatient irritable, easily 
provokeoT be-dauMM, L bad temper, irritability, be- 
dawd, incurable, be-dauiat, destitute, unfortunate. 
be-dharak or be-dharkd, without fear or hesitation, be- 
dot, innocent, faultiess (littie used), be-dahshat, fear- 
< less, be-daya, unfeeling, be-diydnat, irreligious, un- 
just be-din, without religion. be'4oui, shapeless; un- 
educated, ill-bred. be'4bab, ill-shaped. be-^^tang, un- 
educated, ill-mannered, ill-bred, oe-satfi; havinffno 
relish or desire for. fts-rdA, unprincipled, dissorate. 
be-rabt, contrary to rule. As-re^, merciless, be-ra^ 
without leave, be-ru, shameless, inhuman, be-rmt, 
unfortunate, fte-roci, deatitute of daily bread, unfor- 
tunate, be-rok'fok, without let or hindrance, be-riyd, 
without guile, be-raib o riyd, without guile or deceit 
be-rUh, bieardless (a youth), be-resha^ without fibre. 
be-Tuibdn, dumb, speechless (applied to the brute 
creation). 6e-»ir, without money or the means of get- 
ting it, helpless, be-zar J^iflrtd, (taking or getting) 
without purchase, be-xan o/anumd^ without vrife or 
children, be-xawdl, unchangeable, imperishable. ^ 
zor, weak, impotent be-zanra, without bile, patient, 
forbearing ; indefatigable ; shameless, be-teb o zinai, 
ugly and awkward, inelegant in dress and person, be- 
am, unsaddled. frs-«aJEft^a, plain, undisguised, arUess. 
be-tdihitagl, arUessness. be^sdz, unaccoutred, without' 
apparatus, tools, &c. be-tdz o sdmdn, without appa- 
ratus, be-tabab, without reason, be-tairi, impudence, 
barefaoedness. be-taj, shapeless, ill-made: be-sul^^an, 
taciturn, be-mdh^ senseless, beside one's self; enrap- 
tured; entranced; in a faint be-i€ur, uneaualled, 
peerless besurt, stupid. be'$ar o pd, without nead or 
loot utterly helpless. be~*ar o tdmdn , without apparatus, 
helpless, be-salill^a, inexpert, without method. be-sU, 
shameless. &e-«/iaAt^. without evidence. fte-#Aarq^, with- 
out honour or dignity, be-sharm, shameless, impudent 
immodest. Ae-«A«'tir, ignorant, a blockhead. be-Bkqf^at^ 

( 153 ) 

D nii5;certidn;doubtlew, Indubitable. &e.M«mar. count- \ ^ ^m but/a, a pCTSOn appointed III bazarS 

to mearare grain, h. 

^ ^m haya, or ^in baiyOf m. the name of 

len, numberless, much. be-ieUtr, impatient, reetleu. be- 
folS^ iU-adviiied,headstrong. Atf-^frj^wantonArreg^lar, 
nnrntrained. be-afabp-rabt without order or connection. 
fte-|a^a/, beyond the power of endurance, be-faiath 
non-endurance, weakness. hts-tflU** destitute of good 
fbrtonei, unlucky. 6«-fara|i, ill-mannered, unciviL 60- 
tidabt uncalled for, unsought be'iam\ free from greedi- 
ness, disinterested. be-pMur, ill-mannered. be-ibrcU, 
unwarned by example, unawed. be-'izzat, without ho- 
nour or dignity, disgraced, be-a^, stupid, senseless. 
be^adl, unjust, lawless. be-'aib, faultless, without 
blemish, be-^^yat, boundless. Ae-^jfttZo^osA, without 
tnjoble or anxiety, be ^haraa^ independent, disin- 
terested, in<Uffa%nt. be-M^sm^ without anxiety, be- 
gflftar, without consideration, berghflirat, wanton, im- 
pudrat, infamous, rude. 6e-^^ra/f, f. disgrace. Ice. 
o»fi4dii, profltless, useless, vain, be-fikr, contented, 
thoughtless, tranqulL be-fahmidt stupid, riow in com- 
prehending, be-faisf, unprofitable, possessing but not 
bestowing (as a learned man who does not communi- 
cate his knowledge, or a rich man from whose wealth 
no person receives advantage). be-Jmbu, witiiont re- 
■trunt, out of one^s power, secure, against surprise or 

be-^ida, unarranged, irregular, without order 
rule, be-^atb-t of no importance, worthless. 6e- 

restless. unsettled, variable, inconstant, de- 

C reirdetsness, fluctuation, variableness, insta- 
bility, be-l^ufur, faultless, innocent, ¥rithout fail, com- 
pletely, entirely. fre-9»/<^t.mitinned (a pot,&c ). be-kault 
laithless, perfidious. be-iiy^St inconceivable,coutrarv to 
the common order of thmgs, incomprehensible, im- 
mense. Ae-^al<f, unrestrained; irregular, be-kaj^ or 
bt-kar, useless, unemployed, be-kanit frustrated, dis- 
appointed, be-karan, immense, infinite, boundless. 
heOtat, friendless, be-kasi, destitution, be-kqfan, un- 
ahrouded. be-kal, restless, out of order, be-kalh un- 
easiness, be-kmn kasi, without decrease or diminu- 
tion, all rigbt, accurate, be^-gah, untimely, unseason- 
able. be-gumSn, without suspicion, doubtless. be-gunSht 
innocent, faultless, be^ghaft inaccessible, (a river) 
without steps or a quay to it. be-lM, impudent, shame- 
less. be-lifaTi, inattentive, undistinguishing, ill-bred, 
unmannerly, be-httf, unkind, ungracious, be-lagdm, 
unbridled, licentious, be-laga^o, unconnected, inac- 
cessible, candid, categorical, without reserve, be-man, 
disgraced, dishonourable, dishonoured, be-^nanand, 
incomparable, unparalleled, te-maya, without means 
of subustence, poor, indigent. be^mtioJ, incomparable, 
unequalled, be-fm^ataba, without calculation, at a 
venture, be-muhaba, without respect, unceremonious. 
AsHBia^atf, out of place, improper, be-muruuwatf uu- 
kisd, cruel. Ae-moao, tasteless, insipid, be-vufnlt 
foolish, idle, vain, unmeaning, absurd. be-mai:dur, 
without authority ; without resource^ miserable, poor. 
be-moM, spiritless, be-minnatt independent, nnwuling 
to incur obligation, be-mujib, without cause, without 
reason. As-nunc^ out of place, unapt, unseasonable, 
inopportune, inconvenient, be-mibr, unfriendly, un- 
Idiid. be^nam, without character or reputation, be- 
nam o i^kan, without name or character, be-nastbt 
unfortunate, de-no^, incomparable, be-tuanak, in- 
sipid ; saltless ; ugly, ordinary, be-fumg tUimiu, with- 
out name or character, be-naioa, indigent ; m. a kind 
of darwesh who shaves his eyebrows and beard. 60- 
mamd^ beg^og, mendicancy, be-nihdyat, endless, 
without bound or limit be-niydz, without want, an 
epithet of God, the Almighty, be-^iforig, without 
heirs, be-warii-m&l, property that escheats to the 
govenmient in default of heirs, te-wo/i, without pro- 
tector, fre-wq; A, without cause or reason, be-waian, 
without home or native country, an exile. beu)€^, 
faithless, ungrateful, be-wafa^t, £ Infidelity, faithless- 
ness, be-urw^* out of season, untimely, ill-timed. 60- 
flvo^', or be-wd^ar, without fame or character, dis- 
honourable, be-wv^itf, ignorant, inexpert, stupid, be- 
kamal, without compeer, unequalled, unrivalled, be 
khmnatt unambitious, humble, miserly, vile, slothful, 
lazy, indolent be-kunar^ unskilled, be-hangam, un- 
timely, be-koeh, stupified, senseless, be-hech, without 

purpose, or motive, p. 



the little bird that learns to fetch and carry, &&, and 
that the Hindtis teadi to snatch the ornamental pateh 
or wafer from the foreheads of tlieir mistresses {Lexia 
Indica) i an assizer, biya, m. seed. 

^^bU^ bayabdn, or biyaban^ m. a desert, a 

wilderness, bayabdn-gard or -naward, one who tra- 
verses the desert a wanderer, bay&bani ^uds, the 
wilderness of Jerusalem, p. 

^^bLj bayabani, of or belonging to the wil- 

demess or desert p. 

\joLj biya biya^ comey come ; a mode of 

calling pigeons, fidcons, &c p. 
jbU^ Vfnin: bydpdr, business, affair. «. 

(/;b\jJ ^^T^tA bydpdri, a man of business 

in general, a dealer, a trader. «. 

iXjbj vrPT^ bydpnd, n. to provide, occupy, 

to effect, to operate, to work, to act, to affect or in* 
fiuence. e. 

l^\jL> bydthd (y. byahS)^ married, d, 
fP^. ^^nf hydjf m. interest ; delay. 

^1^, one who takes interest, a usurer. A. 

^U> «niV bydjf m. pretence, pretext 

^U> iqnj^ bydjUf m. the principal, or ca- 
pital sum put out to Interest A. 
>i^\jL> ""inil byddhy m. a hunter, fowler. «• 
^i^L> ^«nf^ byddhiy m. sickness, ailment, 

pain, anguish, disease, t. 

Ut3U> ^i|niT byddhdf m. a fowler, hunter. $, 
C^Ci\s>yi^^if^byddhit, sick, grieved,pained.«. 

ic*«ibj TBinft byddhi, ill, sick ; m. a fowler, 

"hunter. «. 

jbj ^IJTC hayoTj f. wind, air. A. 
.\jj biyar (imper. of awarifln), bring thou. p. 

jl^j ^fhlRC bt^ar, m. a hole (of a snake, rat, 

.. . 

^L> '^^A bydrthf vain, of no effect, s. 
4j^U> fa^ l O Wyari,ftrRrt bifdri, f. supper, h, 
V^ii ^ff^ bi,arf seed-bed 5 evening, h. 
jU> bydz m. (for bydj, q.v.) interest, &c. d. 
(^^bo» iqni bydSf the name of a muni or sage, 

who is said to have compiled the Vedai, the Bhagavat 
Purana and the Mahdbharata (properly vydea), also 
the founder of the Vedante phiiosophy- '• 

(^jrtU) fw^VM biyds, land cultivated and pre- 
pared for being sown in the following year. A. 
^j-»U> inn^ baydsl, bydn or 5e,a«, eighty- 

"two. 9, 

L>^bj». baydz, f. whiteness; a common-place 

book, a blank book. a. 

W ( 

^5j;>Ia>^ m^lilll hyakaran, or ^i|m<^ ftotyo- 

karan, m. gamxnar. #• 

^2/^. %^l*<^ ba^akaran, 1 

ci/W. 'MUKlol hyakaraniy or f . ' ^^ 
- ^ «^ - . _, . I nan. $• 

VtWOffi batyaharant, J 

J>U> ^n^ byakulf reetless, agitated (in 

mind), perplexed. «. 

(j^M* ^. •M'W*I byakhydn, m. explanation. <. 

5)U> fin^n baycUd, op ^in^T baiydld, flatu- 
lent; alio heavy or indigeatible (eBculente)^ c 

5^^. 'n^ftyo/tt or f^iRn^ Wya/ii, m. supper. A. 
(j-jJU^ ^m^lil beyoRs, or ^id^ln ^aya/ts, 

forty-twob h, 

^U> baydHf m. explanation, relation, ^ayaii- 

A., a to explain, to unfold, to relate. baySuripart ex- 
plidtlj; aiy. clear, evident, a. 

(j)Vjl> ^Htf 6ya», or^in«T, baiydn, m. birth, act 

of parturition, char-byan-ga^, a cow that haa calved 
four times, ek-byan jamah, having produced two 
calves at a birth, t. 

^^, 'IRT bydfidy or ^NpTf batydnOf to be de- 
livered of young (applied mily to farote animals), a 
C^U> «rrqr bydnt (see bydn\ birth, &c f. 

»Uj ^TTf , fcya/i or f^lR^ biydh, m. marriage. 
byah-rachSna, to celebrate a marriage. 6yaA Ar., to 
many, bvah-lana, a. to take in marriage, to bring 
home a wife, to many, s, 

U\jj iqi^T bydhd, ffiflfT fttyaAa, m.1 mar- 
Uj^Ij unrRT^^^^a, Pv4||fffl5i|yaA<a»f.J ried. 

by&hajana, n. to be married (a man). bySkt-jand, to be 
married (a woman). 5. 

^^y^ '^. ^Rnpttn bydh^og, marriageable. «• 

^^. '■nipn, bydknd. ftHTf^, Hyaena, n. 

to be delivered of young (animal) ; a. to many (t. e, 
to give or take in maniage). «. 

C^^. ""ni^ bydhan, fntf^ biydhan, m. 

nuurying, marriage. «. 

'^-(^U^^ '"Itf^nftn bydhan-jogf fit for 

marriage, marriageable, s. [qnisite. h, 

4,^^, ^^n^ baiyd,%, f. a weigh man^s per- 
fi^Si^.^lt^'^f^ bydydniy m. Iabour» exertion, ex- 

erdsing, practising. «. 

u.i»x > ^ beb, f. name of a grass from which 

a twine is made : it is also used in thatching. #. 

^ t\ ^ baib, afar off, at a distance, h. 
ij(3 ^Wt btbH, f. a lady (vulgarly a wife), h. 
j^i^. ^^TR baipdr, m. traffic, merchandise. «. 
S^^^. ^^^nX^ baipdri, m. a merchant, a 

trader. «. 

l1ajl> &at<, f. a couplet (in poetry) ; an edifice, 

house, temple. baU-bandt, t poetry, vena-making, a. 

(ill*p. ^ bet, f. a cancy ratan {Calamus ro" 

164 ) 

JljjJ ^irT9 &6^a/ or %in9 baitdlj name of 

a demon supposed to occupy dead bodies. «• 

Jj» VZax) bait'uUhardnij m. (sacred bouse)^ 

^ the temple of Mecca, a. 

^tjL^CAA> bait'Ul'Mfiidf m- ft necessary office, 

a privy. 0. 
^£m})v.II^ bait'us-sd^r, m. hell. a. 
(..i^lCAJJ 2»at^taA^«Aara/'y the mansion of 

eminenee, the highest mansion of a heavenly body (io 
astrology), a. 

jJLei\iJL^^ baitU'i-sanam, an idol temple, a. 
«Ji31CAA) bait'uUdh, m. (the house of God), 

the temple of Mecca, tu 

JIJ^CiaJJ bait'Ul'mcU, m. lit. the treasure- 
house ; the pubUc treasniy or exchequer, into which 
payments on various accounts are made, and according 
to the sources from which they are derived, api^cable 
to the support of different classes of persons; an 
escheat, property that falls to the crown in fsihire of 
heirs ; met. an unfortunate fellow, (v. Wilson's Gloa- 
sary.) a. [or city of Jerusalem, a, 

(^^iXEJId^. bait'Ul'tnukaddas, the temple 
jJUL> %1R betra or betar, a cane or willow. 

betra-bandi, an aUowanoe for mats or wicker works 
for packing goods. «.p. 

\j<}J ^mj baitard, f. dry ginger. «• 

(J(>UL>. ^insoft baitamt, f. a river, according 

** to the 9indfia, which is to be crossed by the dead on 
their way into the world of spirits, like the Styx of 
the ancients ; a river in Orissa. «. 

C*j|^^ajL > ^ihr btt'khety land cultivated 
by forced labour. A. 

JjjJ ^ai/tf/y unlucky; vicious (an abbreyi- 

atkm of bait'Ul-mal^ a. 

(JU> be-taUf impersonal, be-tan mdl^ an 

escheat; property devolving on the state from want of 
legal claimants, p. 

UI^ ^j|t|l bttndj n. to pass, elapse (as time) ; 
to occur, come to pass. «. [elapsed. $. 

OjuU> ^iTirtir byadt (for vyafit), passed 

viLuL ) , ^ft9 hih f* dung of any animal ; a fac- 
titious salt containing sulphur. «. 

(JLajJ i(tz bit, a kind of agistment, an allow- 
ance per head of cattle, paid to the cowherd, h, 

Ujj ^Zt beta J m. a son, a child, a boy. beta 

koT'lena, to adopt a son. A. 

UujJ ^^^);pn bltndy a. to spill, to scatter. A. 

^i^AJL^ %7 beth, sandy unproductive soil. KfA, 

f. the dung of birds, baifh^ value of the government 
share of produce, the amount settled on Irad. A. 

V^l^ ^AtT hithdj m. an annular cushion put 

on the head £or carrying a pot of water. A. 
I^AJJ ^7T baithd, m. u paddle, h. 

l^USx) ^TPIT baithdnd, ^ 

r ! r «. , * .^. - . I a. to cause to sU 

yy^ii t^ron batthama, > 

UJl^juJ ^hn^^ baithdlnn,} 

( 156 ) 


j^Ajj ^l^mbaifhajO, m. position^ allooatioDy 

ntaation. A. 

{j\^4^ baitkafl, f. seating, allaying, d. 

<^Jl^UL> %nr&at^AaA, f. 1 aseat^aplacewhere 
K4LL3 ^nn baithhoy m. J people meet to sit 

and conTene. a bench ; also, the act or state of sitting, 
sitting ; a kind of exercise, h. 

03l^AA> 9d^MI haithlana^ a. to cause to sit. h. 
^^y^juL> ^7«l bethan, m. the envelope in which 

^oth pnrdiased is folded up, to which the purchaser 
is entitled; pack-cloth, s. 

U4AU %7^ baithncif to sit, to he idle; to 

ride (on a horse^ ; to visit a person in grief for the 
porpoee of condolence ; to sit in dhama, q. v. ; to sub- 
aide or abate; to perch (as a bird), h. 

^^j^tA> ^T^nr bcnthwdn, flat* A. 

tXj ^^ befi, f. a daughter, a damsel, h. 

2h> ^^Rw bijf m. seed ; ^[perma genitale (fnri 

ami maUierit). «• [rest «. 

*yi^j>^ 4immM^ ViQabarkhand, m. a fo- 

j^' ^Nnt mjoTf seedy, abounding in seed. <• 

1^1^ ^fHn^ ^t;^>^^ ^* ^ perquisite of a certain 

allowance of seed-cprain. A. 

jf^' Whrc ^V^'** ^^^^ ^'^ which the cerealia are 

generally grown. A. 

i^Jii^* ^hrv &yaA, m. a ticket tied to goods, 

or on bags (of grain, fcc.)^ to mark their contents, 
price, fcc. ; a lisC an iuToice. s, 

c\(f^' ''tt^Wl^ blj'khad, advance of seed and 

food to agriculturists, h, 

CL^j^^' ^lU'lHuil btja-ganii, name of an an- 

dent HindQ work on algebra. «• 

2)^- %fir^ baijila, a species of black pulse, h. 
\^' ^fN|«IK h^-mar, failure of germination. A. 
Uj^" ifNnfT bljnaf m. a kind of fan. bejnd 

(Dakli. for bh^nS), to send. s. 

^SJM^- ^VTift baijanti, f. a flag or standard ; 

the standardof Fui^ «. 
^lUjfjk^* ^IIhAhI^I baijand'Tnaluy f. a neck- 
lace worn by VUhnu in his scTeral forms. It was be- 
lieved to be composed of the following jewels pro- 
dneed from the five elements : vis. the sapphire from 
earth, the pearl from water, the ruby from fire, the 
topas from air, and the diamond from space or ether. 3, 

j^* ^^ ^i^, m. the name of an animal that 

feeda on carcasses (Urtus Indieut, Shaw; Indian 
badger. Pennant). A. 

j^yfi^ ^JHrR hijwdrf perquisites of the lower 

classes, consisting of a porUon of seed-oom firom the 
field. A. 

CJ^' be-jot, untitled (as land) a farm that 

is given np by the cultivators, p, A. 

l^^* ^VSJ befkdf m. a butt, or mark for 
tttcfaers. t. 

]j^* ^^flS^ bfjhard, m. a mixed crop, generally 

grain and barley. A. 

U^^- wNpn bijhnd, a. to tear up the earth 

with the hoofs (a bull) ; to push, to shove, to shoulder. A. 

^^^' 'flH&rtWI hijhoniyuy a tribe of raj' 

puts in JaunpOr. A. 

H^^^^' ^^^ btjherydt name of a clan of 

rajputt in the district of CJorackpnr. A. 

^J^'' ^ift hijl^ f. a weasel, a mongoose (Ft- 

" twrra tcAaeasMm). A. [CTrcIfi, sAoi. q.v. d. 

j'**^* bljizar^ m. a species of tree called, in 
^ ifhv Vichj in, into, among, in the midst, 

between, during; m. middle, centre 1 diilbrenoe; 
quarrel, hostility. hxch-parnA^ n. to differ, to raise a 
quarrel between. AicA Ai «n^/t, f. the middle finger. 
McAoil frtcA. the very middle. A. [traffic, d^ 

^^^bWr* beckorbachij f. buying and selling, 

^^ ^rt^vnfN btch-d-bich, the middle, in 
the middle, d, 

5^1^* bS'ckdraf helpless, wretched ; pL be- 

charagan, bedUtragh hriplessness. s. 

jt^4b^ ^^Pt^ll btch'bichdfO, m. mediationt 

interposition, arbitration. AicA-AicAd,o-A., to mediate* 
to interpose. A. 

J;^« WWt btchrdf m. a bed for growing 

^plants to DC transplanted. A. 

^J^' ^^^RT bechndf a. to sell, to dispose of. &• 

(3^j^* ifN^n^ btchwdmAm* an umpire, an 

(S^i^' ^^m\bu:hivdfi i arbitrator, a mid- 
dle-man. A. [tent pitched without a pole, p, 

»i^' be-ckoba m. (lit. poleless), a kind of 
\^^' ^4)l(T btchhdf^m, a scorpion; the sign 
^^' ^^fh[^ bickku,) Scorpio, s. 
•jjJ beM, f. root; origin, foundation, bei^ 

kan, an extirpator, a judge (as extirpatbg thieves); 
also, a thief (as destroying the subjects), p, 

i3jj %^ baidf m. a physician, a man of the 

medical caste. «. 

i3jj ^ bed (for veda)f m. the name of the 

HindQ scriptures (namely, 1st, riff, 2nd, samot Srd, 
ytyus^ 4th, o^Aorva), which are believed to have been 
revealed by Brahma, and arranged in the present order 
by a sage called Vyoia or Veda-vyatax met. cerUdnty, 
ffuth. s. 

JJk^ bedy a willow; ratan. bed-bafy one who 

works on ratans, a basket-maker, bed-baft, wearing 
with ratans fas the bottoms of chairs and the panels <» 
doors or windows), bed-mmhk, musk>willow, cele- 
brated for its firagranoe. p, 

«3JJ bid. a street or lane, d, 
jltXx^ beddr, awake, beddr-baikt^ fortunate. 

bedar-dil, alert, watchfiil, quick of apprehension, be- 
dar-dili, t alertness, quickness of apprehension, p, 

(jp.\juk3 beddrt, f. wakefulness, state of being 

awake, p. 

«J!jil JJ^ ^^W beddnt (for veddnta), m. the 

name of a particular HindQ phUosophical system. «. 

( IB6 ) 


^Ijjj ^^nA ft^Sn<i| m. one wbo is con* 

* vertant in the bedSnt school of philosophy. # . 

>^-^^*^ ^'^TV hedangj a class of stadies or 

sdenoet, nihservient to the Fedat. «. 

(^liW ^h[T^ baiduyt, f. practice of physic. «• 
.(3j^ ift^ &uiar, a sort of rake or barrow 

worked hy oxen. A. 

j^M»«yjj bedastar, the castor beaver, p. 
^iXjJ baidakf the pawn at chess* a. 

<^«yA^ %f?^ baidiky m. a reader of the Fecla, 

a BrShman well Tened in the Fedat, t, 

i^tXJL) ^^ baidak, m. the practice or science 

of physic, f . 

V(Xa> %fi|[^ bediha, f. an altar, platform. #. 
dJi>jO be-dalat (for be-daulat), unlacky. c(. 

rr ^ . ff- P&m. sickness, ache. t. 

)j»3jj ^?f^ bedwof m. a reader of the Yedas. s. 
Jbjjo ^ bedhf m. bore, crack, hole. $» 
U(3JL> iftllT ^Aa, settlement, arrangement, h. 
vd)^«3Jj iNtH 5a-<^AaraA,l fearless, without 
1^ Jjk> %ifnn be-dharha, J doabt p. A. 

U^(3JL^ ^VtfT bedhna, a, to pierce, to per- 
forate, t. 

^i3Jk> ^ift bedhi, 1 m. a borer» one who 
U^«3J^ ^Nm bedhiyd,} perforates pearls 

gems, &C. t. 

c^«\A> ^1^ bedif f. an altar, a platform. #• 
f<3j^ 4hn blda, m. a mound, a cluster of 

monnds. h, 

•A> ifhc &ir, m. a hero ; a brother; adj. brave, s, 
jk> iJ)t btry f. a sister; a tusk; pasturage, 

grassland. A. 

jX> wk &ir, m. a jewel worn in the ear ; in 

the Delhi and SSgar territory it denotes pasturage, h, 

jiJ %t bair, m. enmity, revenge. bair-Ly a. 
to revenge. «. 

JL> ^ ber, m. the name of a fruit (Zizyphus 

JMJuba), also the name of the tree ; iofnhes ; time, vi- 
cissitude ; delay, while ; the lotos of the ancients, t. 

VfJ iftn btra, m. a betel-leaf made up, &c. 
(see 6ird)i a quid of tobacco, a cheroot or dgar. t. 

1^ ^fttT btra, m. (same as btran) a brother. A. 

j\jj berar, a village registrar or accountant, d. 
^Uj bairdi. (for bairak), a banner, a stan- 
dard, p, 
i^jiA^])^ %TW^ bairdkheriyf. quarrelling./i. 

^]x^ %Tf! bairdg or bairdgyay m. penance, 
devotion, the act of leaving the pleasures of the worlds. 

^IjO %X!Ctlbairdgdy m. a small erooked stick, 

which a Bairdgi places under his armpit to lean npon 
as he sits. «. [also the same as bairdgd, #. 

^j/[jO ^TPTif bairdgan, f. a female bairdgi; 
i^li^ ^inft bairdgi, austere, recluse; m* 

"the religions ascetic who abandons terrestrial ol^ects, 
thoufffats, passions ; a kind of wandering /o^t who 
practises certain austerities. «. [T^)- *• 

9^jii> ^^F'T bairdgyay m. penance (v. ftat- 
Vil^ ^rnn berdndy m. a grove of ber trees. A. 
j^b^ bir-hdniy f. a man^s own wife. A. 
^^^ji^.^^ti^l^f^bxr-bahuUtAt a small in* 
t^ythH ^ftxnpfrir-^aAtf^i, j sectwitha back 

**of a bright ted colour; the scarlet or lady-fly, com- 
monly ttlled the ** Bain insect," as it makes its ap- 
pearance when th^ ftfst rains have fiUlen. It is covered 
witli a downy exterior resembling velvet, and of a 
scarlet colour. K [pealedly. «. 

jUjii ^^t^ ber-bevy often, frequentlyy re- 
V>;a; ^ttnUblrtSyf, heroism^ valour, prowess, «. 
^jij MA blfjf m. power, strength ; seed ; 

tperma genitale, t, 

J[^. bairal^ m. a banner, ensign, colours. p. 

0^jii %t9 bairakht m. a banner, ensign, co- 
lour (corrupted firom haira^). h, 

(o;J^ %m bairaUy f. a female enemy, s* 

^2;J^ ^ft^ birariy m. a brother. A. 

^o|A; ifttQ blran (also birandkhar), a kind of 

tough grass spreadiBg over uncultivated laads. A, 

«2«ii^ berun, out, outside, berun-jdty coun- 
try, in opposition to town, heriokjatt, rustic* coon- 
ti^-bred. p. 

i,jjk> wti beriy f. the tree o( Zizyphusjujuba, s. 
{Sjiii W^ befiy f. a betel leaf made up with 

spices, &C. ; the colour which adheres to the lips Irom 
cnewing beteL «. 

iSjis} ^'tA blrif f. a betel-leaf made up with 

spioes. Sec. ; the colour which adheres to the lips from 
chewing betel ; a composition, which being rubbed ob 
the teeUi, stains their mterstioes of a reddish colour, k. 

i^jjiJ ^^ bairiy m. an enemy, an adversary, s. 
9J^ iM btrya (for virya), m. valour, &c. s. 
Ujk3 beriZy m. sum total, the entire revenue of 

a fium ; also a government tax. A. 

%> %f ber, m. an inclosure. ber 5aiufi-A.^ to 

inclose a field. A. 

1^ ^ berdf m. a raft, a float ; the raft which 

is floated by the Muhammadans in honour of |[ftiP^'a- 
W^r. Besides the anniversary befd offered to propi- 
tiate him, hundreds of smaller ones with lamps may 
be seen on Thursdays of the month Bhddo^ particu- 
larly, which are offered by the Muhammadans to this 
saint, herd bdndhnd^ a. to collect a crowd, berdpdr-k, 
or lagdnd, to relieve from distren, to remove diflicul- 
ties, to help one through a business (lit to ferry over 
a raft), herd kUi kd par hond, to be prooitious, to 
succeed : in Dakh. it denotes a fence or inclosure. «» 


( 1S7 ) 


]jA> irht btrd, m. a betel-leaf made up with 

a preparfttion of the areea nut, spices, and chanam. 
bifi ufhSna^ a. to undertake a bosiness. tifd dalnd, 
a. to propose a preminm for the performance of a task 
(the ezpiesrions oricinate in a custom that prevailed 
of throwing a Inra of betel into the midst of an assem- 
blj, in token of proposal to any person to undertake 
■ome difficult affiur then requisite to be performed» 
and the person who took up the betel bound himself 
to perform the business in question). A. 

)jA> ^fNr blrUf in. a thong tied to the hilt of 

a swoid by which it is retained in the scabbard, a 
■word-knot. A. 

V^JA? ^jpherhdy m. paling, railing, inclosure; 

a^j. bent, crooked. A. 

Ul^ 'W^^t berhnd, a. to inclose with a fence, 

to pound (cattle. &a)s to drireaway catUe (as in 
aloray). k. 

(C>> ihft befi, fi iron fastenings to the legs 

of criminals or of quadrupeds; the baskets used to 
irrigate fields with. *V». « ■n>«ll I»«»l of betel nut 
(y. Stray A. [Hindfls,dimin.of6^ra- *• 

b^ ^fipn hefiydy m. the name of a caste of 
U> bezj in comp. diffasing, dispersing, p. 
^jX> bezdr^ displeased, angry, oat of humour j 

(TOL)rick. p. [pleasure, p. 

gr^l^ bezdriy f. anger, bad humour, dis- 
^jijL^ %ir baiSy m. the third of the four Eindii 

OMles, whose especial duties are agriculture and trade ; 
a name of a tribe of raj-mUs, giving its name to the 
province of Bauwara, in Oude : a pnnce of that tribe 
formerly reigned at Dun4ia'JeherS. His dominions, 
which extended over a great part of the prorinoe of 
Oude. on the north bank of the Ganges, are still 
called BauwSrtL. s. 

^j^ Mt9 ins, twenty, bais (for vayas), age. i. 
LmX> ifNrr bisd, m. a score ; a dog which has 

twenty nails. «. 
0^\^**^ t^ra baisdhh, m. the 6rst solar 
month of the HindOs, the ftill moon of which is near 
FtsAaAAa (four stars in Libra and Scorpio); April- 
May, s. 

U ^r r *^ ^^infT baisdkhd or ^^TfTT bahhdkhdj 
m. a "crutch ; a club armed with iron ; a dub conse- 
crated in the month of Am dAA. «. 

^^SU»*3 ^imft baisakht, growing in the 

"month of Bmsakh ; f a large kind of myrobalan or ci- 
tron fruit ; the day of full moon in the month Bauakh, t, 

« JJL^ ^^'^ baiidndu, sedentary, idle. h. 

^^..^^ Instf twenty, a score, p. 
y -*t he-sutun, of no foundationt insigiii- 
flcantT besliun or bUtun, name of a celebrated moun- 
tain in Persia, p. 

JL> ^ft^lK btsoTy gleanings left in the field 

for the lower orders to gather. A. [nose. A. 

JJ ^NnC besar, f. the small ring worn in the 


t *% irat! besardf f. a kind of falcon, the 
female or hen bird of the spedes called dhoih q. v. 
(Fako nisus), h, 

V^..i3 ^mci be-surd, out of tune, h. 


«^£JLJL> ^Nnr baisak, a spot in- a jungle to 

which cattle are sent out to graze : the term is also 
applied to an old and worn-out animal. A. 

dlLmX} baisak (for bat thak), a seat, sitting, d. 
U^LmJJ baisldnd, a. to cause to sit, to set. d. 
^nri^ ^^nt besan, m. the fiour or meal of 

pulse, particularly of chuna ( Geer arietmum) : the same 
IS used as a substitute for soap. A. 

Uu«jL> &a{ma,n.(for 5at/Ana)tosit, to remain, d, 

ji3JLmJJ %W^bat$andar, m. fire, or its deity, s, 

^yuMjJ ^4lri)A besnautl, f. a cake made of 

**peameal. A. [caste, t, 

JJ %nn(t baiint, f. a female of the Bais 
JD ^H^ besani, made or mixed with 

besan. A. 

IjnnrV ^^n beswdj f. a courtesan^ a prostitute. #• 
%^|^liT baistvdrd, m. the residence of 

Bais, the natirity of BaU, q. v. A. 

rnrj^^ ^MH blsiy f. twenty ; a score, a measure 

**of grain ; also a land measure equal to 20 nails, t . 

I rrM %9n besyd, f. a prostitute, a harlot, a 

courtesan. «. 
fjftjj besh, more ; good, proper, well, excel- 
lent, elegant, delightful. AeiA-^orar, trustworthy, besh- 
boha orbesh-^^mat, of great value, costly, precious, p. 

Ujl; be$hd, m. a forest, jungle (v. beshd). p* 

ij^j\{i^ beshraz-beshf a great deal. p. 

JJLjJ beshtar, better, more, exceeding, gene- 
rally, for the most part. « 

jj ^M ^q^y^iHqit^at«A^Au,relatingto Vishnu. 

m. a kind of mendicant, a follower of Yishnn. s. 
1^ Jk^ljJ ^unf^ baishnavi or buhnavif a fol- 
lower of Yishnu. baUhnaeotiar, lands granted rent 
free to the worshippers of Vishnu, especially those of 
the mendicant order, s. 

J»l(j2jj besh kam, more or less; not much, 

a moderate quantity, p. 

sJLjj besha, m. a forest, a jungle; a desert, p. 
*ci^ beshtf f. excess, surplus, increase, in- 

** creased assessment, beshl jam\ increase of revenue 
on that of last vear. besHl Komia, increase in the lands 
under cnltivauon. p. 

fjAJJ baiz, ra. a mark fixed to public writings 

by the magistrate or any principal officer, a. 
liAjj baizd. m. the sun ; whiteness, yadi 

Aoti^l dikhana, a. to diBtinguish one's self in any work 
(an allusion t^en from the luminous hand of Moses), a, 

ffWjQy.* baizdna, m. the perquisite of the ma- 
gistrate, &a for marking public papers, a. 

i^jLoA^ baizdfclf f. the author of a book» con- 
taining a commentary on the ^urfisi. a. 

ijya^ baizarvif fashioned in the shape of an 

efflt.'*ifto|fl-6ai?o«'»» «»• »fonn o^ **»« Persian Natit^li^ 
character, in which the curved tails of the letters are 
segments of an oval ; opposed to ]^ft i ^ftabi, in 
which they are portions of a drcle. a. 


( 158 ) 


«i«aA^ baizUf m. an egg, a testicle, a. 
jUaA> 5a(far, a horee-doctor. a, 
UJ fcai' or 6i', f. buying and selling ; com- 

merce, fulling. baP-k., to sell. b(^ hi-Uwafai, a coa- 
ditional sale, depending on the final decision of the 
seller ; also a pawn or pledge. haV hi-l w^fa-ddr, a 
person having the use of an article conditionally sold 
to him in acquittance of a debt, bea^-n&ma, a deed of 
f ale. baV paffd^ a lease or sub-lease obtained by pur- 
chase. ^ bat' tultanJ, a sale by order of goyemment. 
ftoT tayVi, a temporary sale, bm^'dar, a purchaser, 
a possessor by purchase, a. 

9j\Mk> hat* ana, m. earnest-money, a. 
jtt3\ipb^ baVbH-wafa-ddr, a person having 

the possession and usufruct of a property on its condi- 
tional sale to him. p. 

U^ l1a w a > hatat'h.y a. to become a disciple 

of some sunt a. h, 

.\jjKjL> bai'ddr, a proprietor by purchase. a.p, 

cdbj ^fN; bik, m. (same as bik), a wolf. s. 

\)a3 ^ffwt Inkcif crooked, awry ; injared, da- 
maged. (▼. bSl,) h, 

JoL> ^l|T9 baikdl, m. afternoon, s. 
y^ bekattarf ruffianly, brutal, cruel, d. 
^^Vjj bekas, tLkmi of grass used for fodder; 

adj. helpless, destitute, h, p. 

^_^mml> be-kasi, f. destitution, forlomness. p* 
<^jkA5Cj 4^p|S baikunth, m. a name of Vishnu; 

the heayen or paradise of Fts^ifu, This name was 
also applied in the time of Ja'flr Kh&n to a kind of 
pit, in which rcTenne defaulters were confined until 
they paid the demands against them : in this sense it 
was evidently used ironically on the part of the Mniialr 
mSns in ridicule of the HindOs. «• 

^^5Cj ^ bekh, m. a habit, dress, garb. 8. 
iiL*^VA> ^97 baikhaty a sale, selling. A. 
K.tfx> ^ beg^ m. celerity, haste, rapidity ; 

adv. quickly, soon ; dung. t. 

Klix} beg J a Mug^ title corresponding with 

lord, master, &e. t» 

\ja> lUga (v. hikd), awry, crooked, dm 
jUjJ %TnC baigar, a name of the Kharwar 

tribe, h, 
jUoo %int. begdr, m. a person forced to work 

with or without pay. begar pakapiSt to press one into 
service, p. 

^>jIGj ^MiO begdrt, f. the act of pressing 

or forcing to work, begdrt lena, a. to take forcibly or 
press, wiui or without paying for. begari-pakfeld, m. 
a pressed man ; one compelled to work. p. 

^5liui^ begdnagi, f. strangeness, shyness, p, 
a31juj begdna, strange, not domestic, foreign, 

unknown ; m. a stranger, a foreigner, jb. 
jijj begar, m, gold-tinsel ; tinfoil; yarnish. d* 

l»xy begam, f. a lady, a queen : women of 

rank are called bqpuni (pL ae^osMtt). t, 
WCy begmd, f. (dimin. of begam) a young 

lady of rank, t 

c;^. ^Tf baigan, m. the egg-plant (&2a- 

ntm melongena). A. 

f^^ %*inl\ baiganti, f. a sort of wood. $. 
ij^ begin, f. the wife of a beg. t. 

^4H^ ^^ bighd, m. a measure of land con- 
sisting in Bengal of 20 kaffJtSi or 120 feet square, or 
1600 square — "- ~^^ ^ • , . - ■^_ ^. . 

acre ; in the 

1600 square yards, which is nearly } of an Englbh 
acre ; in the Upper Provinces it is nearly | of an acz«. 
bijghd dam, settlement of revenue at so much per W- 

gha. ^ha-dam, raU levied ^er bighd, bigkaJuiftari, 
a record of the measurement of lands in a district, j. 

^^/x> %jft begt, quick, swift; speedily. «. 

Jj^ %9 bail, m. a bull, an ox ; met. a block- 
head (in which last sense the Scotch say, " a stot"). j. 
Ji? ^ bel, m. the name of a fruit (CVa- 

taya or JBgle marmOos). bel or belt, f. a creeper, 
chmber, tendril (of a vine); descendants, offspring, s. 

Jjy ^ bel, m. the name of a flower (Jas- 

minum zambae), bel-phalne, to attain one's precise or 
utmost wish, h 

JaJ bel, a spade, hoe, mattock ; a spot in 

which the reoeiving^pana are placed, where tngar is 
manufactured ; a creeper, a tendril, a pole for d&eet- 
ing a boat ; a welL p. 

51a> %gn beUL, f. a while, a time. #. 

^Jj^ Wgn belu, f. name of a shrub {Jasmiwum 

zaMbac)i a cup; an instrament of music lesembliQg a 
fiddle. A. 

Vji> beta, m. a bag of money carried in the 

hand of a person of rank for distribution among the 
poor, beld-bardar, one of the retinue of a great man, 
who scatters money among the populace, bela-t^eh, 
expenditure in alms-giring. p, 

Ay ^^ baild, m. a species of bird. A. 

yy J^ ^^^^ bel-bufd, m. a shrub, bush, 
or creeper ; flowers (on doth). A. 

UtAi? belchd, 1 

jt jLj belddr, m. a pioneer ; a class of Hin- 
dus employed in digging, p, 

^ISU^ bailhdn, name of a city in Armenia 

near the Caspian, p. 

ci)L^ belak, f. a small mattock ; the iron 

point of an arrow, p. [rier. A. 

ij^ ^^*1 belki, m. a cattle-breeder, a gra- 

;^/A> ^^R belan, m. a rolling-pin. s, 

UU^ Y^RT bdnd, m. a rolling-pin; a. to 

spread out, to laminate, t. 

J4? ( 

t^^ ^9^ hdanif m. a branch ; a small 

rottin^piii. h, 

^luo ^9 belu, m. act of rollings. A. 

jIj^ %i^ he-lau, dispirited, heartless, p, h. 

^^^ W^t betif f. a creeper, climber ; tendril 

"(of A vine). «. 

j^ blm, m. fear, terror, dread, danger, p. 

Ujj wtifT bltna, m. insurance ; also the rate 

of innmnce, or the per-centage paid for that pur- 
pow. A. 

C-'l^ ^Nnr bemait f. a stepmother, hemat- 

M4,i, a brother bom of a dififerent mother by the same 
firther (a half-brother by the iather^t side), t. 

J>Ua; %>IIW (atma^m, m. a brother bom of a 
dBArait mother by the Mme father. #. 

jUjj MflTior, sick, indisposed. frifnar-Uana, 

m. an hoapitaL p. 

J^^UA> KmaiwSr, an attendant on a sick 

peraoD, a none, p, [tick, f, 

%^^J^ hmur^darit attendance on the 
itf|UjL> Kmari, f. sickness, illness. J9. 
l2|Wj ^A<lf ^imaii (v. ^yna), m. insurance, k. 
^^ iA«f &tn, f. a kind of stringed musical in- 

•tnnnent, haviiig a long narrow body, and a large dried 
caJabash at either end to concentrate the sound. It is 
■tnmg with steel wires, i. 

^^ ^ beUj ^ benUf or 4ff bain^ f. a flute, 
pipe, fife. «. 

^^ %fT baWf m. f. a word, speech. «. 

^^ baiyan^ m. explanation, interpretation. 

ftofylii, dear, erident, manifest a, 

^^ &m, see thou (r. otdidan) ; in comp. see- 
ing, as * it am tm, world-aeeing. an epithet applied to 
the son. p. 

^^. fralfi, among, between, interral. a. 

Ua> %^ ^atha, m. sweetmeats, cakes, kc. dis- 
tributed at marriages, #. [forehead. A. 

(jul; Vit iatfia, m. an ornament worn on the 

Vja> Kfio, clear-sighted, discerning. p« 

\jUL> ^^ 5aia, ra. a fan ; the name of a grass, 

ttK-tJgt {Andrepogon wmrieatum), s. 

be-napf unmeasured, unsurvejed* be- 

nap ka o^^, a lease guaranteeing that the average 
of land] 

remain as before, p, A. 
fSUjJ blnctft, f. sight, yision. p» 
^^^^ bain-bain^ betwixt and between, so 

80, passable, tolerable^ middling, a. 
Ujju) 6inffta, a. to cut (clothes), d. 

150 ) ^ 

<JiAj ^iz bent, 1m. a handle of an axe, hoe, 

UjlJ >m baintaj &c. h. 

Sa} bmj (for bij), m. seed, grain. 41 

j^^^ ^hnft bainjntf purple (the colour of 

**the ifotomm flisfpfi^eiui). A. 

A^ binch (for KcA), in the midst, d. 
^^^^^^i^^ benckna, H. to sdl bench-dcUnd, 

to sell off. A. 

iXL> ifh^ bind, m. a reed, a rush. A. 

tjjuJ %l^ baindd, m. a mark on the fore- 
head, as a preparBtive of devotion among the Hindus. 
bmdd, a kind of rope made of grass or fibres of the 
arhtar plant. A. 

Ui^t^AA^ ^ifH^ifT binMnd, a. to bore, s, 
U^Jju> ^^Qfff bendkna,tL. to plait, to braid, h 
i^JojJ %9^ baindi, f. an ornamental circlet 

made with a coloured earth or unguent on the fore- 
head and between the eyebrows ; an ornament worn 
by women on the forehead, k, 

WjlJ Mt^n blnda, m. a roll of paper ; a kind 

of rope made of grass, or the fibres of the arhar plant A. 

\Xjj %||IT bendd, crooked ; met. absurd. A. 
U^Sjj^ ^^IRT bendhnd, a. to plait, to braid, s. 
(^<3jlj ^tii baindi, act of throwing up water 

firom a pond or reservoir with a basket, for the purpose 
of irrigation. A. [phuted) behind, (a tail), t, 

(^«3ju^ ^ifW bindi, f. the hair twisted (or 
j^^mJlJ \^ bainsi, a subdivision of the Oujar 

"tribe. A. 

qjmL> btnish, f. seeing, discernment p, 
vIXjjj %jf or ^tn beng, m. (for vyanga), a 

frog, puddock, toad. « [casm. «. 

yj> n^if byang, m. (for isyangya), sar- 
^PJfK bengat, seed given to an indigent 

peasant at the time of sowing, to be repaid with in- 
terest in harvest A. {Utmtm melongena), A. 

{j^-^ ^hni baingan, m. the egg-plant {So* 
^JlxJ ^(inft baingant, purple (the colour of 

the Soleamm mekmgena), A. 

U^jjlJ #f(t^ benaudhd,the country between 
Allahabad and Sarwar. A. 

^ift bent, f. the hair twisted behind, s. 
bini, f. the nose. bani-buTida, one 

Srfaose nose is cut off (a common mode of punishment 
in the East), p. 

W b^^^f ^' * widow, p, 

W^ bewd-pa, '] . . - ., 

• I , f state or situation of widow- 

^\^ bewa^n, ^^^ ^ 

j\jjj bewdr, account, explanation, d. 

^ ( 

^y^ W^R benfaUf m. the vehicle or self- 
moving car of a Hinda deity; a (Hinda) bier. «. 

.b^ ijhirc bi/opdr,m, trade^trafficybusiness. s. 

i^b^ '^ft^nx^ hyoparXf op ^^^nilt be,opan 
(same as baipari)t a merchant <• 

Oj^ 2^^«^ (pi. of CIj^), houses, a. 
O^ 5in?a<y fit (of a sait of clothes, &c.). d. 
C'U^ huyutat (additional plural of buyut, 

pi. of btUt, a hoose) : the term is used in several senses, 
as outhouse, house-expense, house-tax, &c. a, 

]jyi} ^'i^ hyorcU or %^RI heora also hy/iuraj 

m. difference, distinction ; account, explanation, his- 
tory, detail of circnmstanoea» an account of particulars, 
or detailed account (in book-keeping). A. 

j'^^ ^'ft^'^ beore-^ar, explicitly, dis- 
tinctly. A. [ofloyers. «. 

(^J^ fw^tn biyog, m. separation (generally 
f^^ fNM) biyogu m. a lover suffering the 

'*pain of absence, s. [ting out clothes. A. 

CiO^ iq^ byontf m. shape, the act of cut- 
«Juk3»jA^ ^lifbrfn byontna, a. to cat or shape 

clothes. A. 

IG^ i^jfin byangdf m. the instrument with 

which leather is scraped and cleaned, hyongd phira 
noAifl, his hide haa not been curried yet (said of a spoilt 
child, &c.). A. 

(^^ ^"flW byongif f. (see byongd). h. 

s^ bewOf f. a widow, p. 

M^ 'iftflt byohar, or w'UfR be,ohar, m. 

{>rofession, calling, negodation, transaction, money- 
ending, custom. «. 

^^'^^t^byohar,oTk^^ljbefOhar,m.fLloan. s* 
\^^ ^"ihrcr byohardf or 

b Jb^ ^ft^ftjnftyoAartyior 
^ilfft^KIT be,okariyd, . 
(^^ 5«tt7i or bewi-zaUy a widow, p. 
«^ ^ ^eAy m. a hole, a perforation. «. 
8iX^ behuda (for 5e-Attt2a), foolish* stupid, 

silly, p. 

]jx^ WITT 2»6Ara,1 m. grass kept for pas- 

s^ ihsiT. behraj turage. ^ 

ijj^, ^^^ 5eArt, f. a sabsoription, instal- 
ment behrhharaTt collection on shares of the revenue 
in kind, behri-bandi, an allowance for repairing roads, 
Sue behrl-dar, the holder of a be?iri, A. 

5t^. ^1? behar or bthar, uneven, abrupt, 

rugged, waste land» land full of ravines. A. 

ij^jL> behtuh (for be-hosh), senseless, p* 
^LxJ behldf m. a bag of money carried by 

great men to be distribu^ted in charity when travelling, 
Iec. behla-bardSr, the carrier of the 6eA/a (v. Ae/o). A. 

leo ) 

(*^tH %^ behan, a nursery for lioe plants; 

AlA^mseed. A. [(of cotton). A. 

^J^ ^ffVT behinnd, m. a comber, a carder 
j^l^jo $f ffti beknaur, m. a nursery for rice 

plants. A. 

^^y^ be-hudagi, f. absurdity, frivolity, p. 
S(2i^^jLj be-huda, absurd, idle, vain, fruitless^ 

unprofitable. be-hSda-go, a babbler, p, 

(jf»y^it^ be-hoshf senseless, insane, p. 
^^^^ju be-hoshtf f. senselessness, insanity, p. 

^^^A^jiJ hihln, better, best, swift-paced, p. 
^tfO HR ^at, m. expense, expenditure, i. 

ILj ^ &arya (v. U> 5aya), the name of a 

little bird. s. [ditiira. s. 

j^^ ^RWfK byayhdr, m, expense, expeo- 

a trader, a mo- 
ney-lender. 8. 

p€f the third letter of the Persian and 

HindQst&nl alphabets. It does not occur in the lan- 
guage or alphabet of the Arabs, and the letter/ or h 
IS substituted for it in such Persian words as are 
adopted into the Arabic laufl^iage : thus, Jarn forpdnUt 
and badshah for pddth&h, la reckoning by aijad, pe is 
^e same as be, vis. two. 

^pa, m. the corresponding Sanskrit letter 

in that language denotes the wind ; JBolus, the god of 
the wind ; a nourisher or protector; act of drinxingt 
as a termination (in Sanskrit words) it denotes support 
ing, cnerishing. holding, also drinking; as from AAi, 
the earth. AAt^, a king; lit the earth-protector, s. 

b in pa, a masculine termination added to 

HindOstinT snbstantiTes or a4jectives to denote abstract 
quality ; as, AufAopa, old age, from bufka, old. A. 

b pdf m. the leg, the feet ; pa ba-Mf^r, 

having the foot in chains, fettered, pa dar rikab, foot 
in stirrup, ready, alert pS'Shikasta, broken-footed, 
infirm, reduced ; in comp. (as the root of pdjdan) it 
denotes permanency, continuation; as. kam-pd, of 
short duration, transitory ; der-pd, permanent p, 

J^cii^b pd-anddZf m. a carpet spread at the en- 
trance of a room, on which the feet are Cieanaed. p. 

jJJI) pd-bandy m. a rope with which the fore- 
feet of a horse are tied, pa-band Aoad. n. met to be 
married, p, 

Qj*»yb pd-bos, kissing the feet, i.e. adoring, 

worshipping, revering. pd-bo$ hona, n. to woiahip, to 
reverence, to adore, to pay respect p, 

^d»yb pd'bosi, f. worship, reverence, adora- 

**tion. pa-bosi-k., a. to worship, to reverence, p. 

u^b ^[^ pap, m. a crime, a sin, a fault s. 
bb mm pdpdj m. a weevil, an insect bred in 

rice ; also a lather (v. AoAo). A. 


( 161 ) 



Wibb imifUl papatmBf m» a sinner, a repro- 
bate. A. 

>«Vc^l> ivnvwfv pap^baddhi, evil-minded, 

wicked. #. ^ [galUmU *. 

CiA>c^b i|1^9^9fll pap-pati, m. a paramour, a 
(ji^c-^U mMJJf^il pap-puru$h, m. a personi- 

flcadon of all mil t. 

^J^(-^b mt|^^ pap^hetiy f. a plant com- 

"monlj called Aknidhi {Cittampelos hextmdra), s. 

^^!»u3u^A> qiv|^^ pap'darshi, maloTolent, 

"looking at faults, t. 

^jMi^d C^b M I A |.m H pdp'drishwan, oonsoious 

of guilt, knowing an act to be wicked. «. 

^b ^mt papavy a fertile soil, h, 

vLfjfjLyo^ Wl^fiipap^og, m. a disease consi- 
dered as the punishment of sin in a^onner life ; small- 
pox, leprosy. «. 

j^ ^inif papar or pdpar, m. a thin crisp 

cake made of any grain, papar helna^ to undergo great 
Ubonr or pain, s, [lat\folia Roxb^ ». 

\j>I^Wini pdprdyXXk.b, kind oti^BXii(Qardenia 
.l^tj^b iimilflli pdprdkhdr (in Dakh. pa- 

fiorkhar), m. ashes of the plantain tree {Miua paradi- 
tiaea% nsed instead of salt for seasoning the cakes 
called pajMf. i. [sin. s, 

Cx«Ju«»(^b iira^Olil pdp-$ammit, eqnal in | 

^t.l>b Jflf^ papUhtJia, yery wicked, s. 
j^u^b ifnUKT pap-har, wicked, abandoned, s, 
iCjSi^y^WI^^ pdp-hrit, 1 sinful, wicked ; 

\iS^^\jV^(9i^pap-harta,i a sinner. «. 

t^Ci^b ^imf pap^rahy m. any ill-omened 

aspeet*of the stars, as die conjunction of the sun or 
Budh with the moon in its last quarter. Baku ; Saturn ; 
Uars. $. 

{^^^^ ^Vnni pap-ghnaj removing sin. «. 
C,^^*L^\>,"^(V^P^ pap-mati^ of a corrupt mind, 

depra?ed. «• * [sin. s, 

ClXsu.^b ^ntHli pdp^iuhtay freed from 

l"^ ni— li - - ' [^ female delinquent, «.. 
- ^ ^ <^ . * I ner, criminal, &c. *• 

orllinpfl paptwi, J [deitroying. *. 

f^bu^b Ml^ «l 1^ pap^asht, purifying, sin- 

(j2»^b pa-posh, f. a slipper, j?. 

ij^b ifnA pdpi, m. a sinner, criminal, s. 

l^b ^Qlf^nr />apiya, the castor-oil tree, h, 

S«>Ob parpiyddaf on foot, walking. ;?. 

u^b imr pdij m. falling; sin, wickedness; 
• leaf; an ornament worn in the upper part of the 
ear ; a draft or cheque on a hanker. oa/oA d-lagna^ 
applied to trees, indicates the fall of their leaves in 
autumn ; met it signlfles that one's power or ability 
is exhausted : it is often applied to patience exhausted 
bjr the soom of a beloved penon, or to a destitute con- 
ditioB from adTene fivrtone. «. 

Ob mflfpaiij m. a master, lord, husband, s. 

bb ^niT pdta, m. a leaf; adj. preserved, pro- 
tected, t. [dals,&c p. 
ft^bb pd'tdba, m. a sock ; the straps of sau- 

Jbb imit? pdtdlj m. regions (according to 

the HindOs) under the earth, or towards the south 

Sole, inhabited by a serpentine race ; infernal regions, 
ell; a sort of apparatus for calcining and subliming 
metals, formed of two earthen pots, the upper one in- 
verted over the lower, and the two joined together by 
their necks with cement, and placed in a hole contain* 
log fire. t. ' [and debts of an estate. h,p. 

(^JojJb pcU-bandi, a statement of the assets 

d*3b inftm pdtitf lowered, depressed, hum- 
bled, t. 

Jib J(^ pair or patra, m. a vessel in general, 

a plate, a cup, a jar, &c.; a leaf; a receptacle of any 
kind; what holds or supports; adj. worthy, able, 
eligible, fit, capable, s. [rishes. s, 

y^ ^nn pdtri^ who or what protects or nou- 
5b vii^ pdtira, m. a preservative from sin, 

a preserver, a saviour, t, 

j>b HTW pdtar or "min^pdtWf f. a prostitute, 

a dancing-girl ; adj. weidE, lean. patW'bdz, a whore-' 
monger. A. 

Jib pdtar, m. a moth, a butterfly, d, 

' bpbi|nnnjp5<ra<a,f. capacity, fitness. inwWT 
pdtritdt m. a plant (Ocytnum pUosum), t. 

bpb VJ^pd pdttratd, f, the quality of a pre- 
servative from sin. #. 

^ijb pdtarnt, f. (of pdtar), a butterfly, d. 
b^yVj ^Tjftin pdturiyd, a whoremonger. A. 
di^b^ imnv pa^aA, m. sin; crime, vice. 5. 
Ci^b VXf^ pdiuh, m. an aquatic animal of 

a large size ; figuratively the water-elephant, h, 

v^b inftnv pdtik, m. the Gangetic porpoise. «• 

|^x!>b ^I44hm pdtakwd, m. a messenger, s, 

^X3l>^ninft|>a<a At, criminal, wicked, s, 

J5\^ inflf^ pdtiti, f. a small earthen pot 
'*used by reUgiona mendicants, i. 

Jii'b mA%|<jS pdtanjal, m. the Yog system 

of philosophy. «. [thar), ». 

^b VX^^pdthar, m. a stone (sameas;>af- 
U^b ^[^^Xpdthnd, a. to make up cow-dung 

into cakes for fuel. A. 

4uuk^b i|r^ pdtfieya, m. provender, provi- 
sions for a journey, t. [leaf, t 

^Jb i|T?ft pdtl, f. a letter, note, epistle ; a 


a]u>\^ pdtila (also pd1ila\ a kind of wide- 
mouthed saucepan used by confectioners, p. 


( 163 ) 


<^b VXt paU »}• braulth (of cloth or of a 

river) ; tow ; it also Bignifies a note or obligation to 
pay ft sum of money for one's own acooont on an ap- 
pointed day. It is often usual to accept these pa^ 
irom creditable persons, in payment of the arrears of 
the zaminddrs or renters. A. 

v21^U mizpat, m. silk 3 a milbtone^ a throne, 

a seat ; a board, shutter, plank, flap ; a plank on which 
washermen beat clothes, the leaf of a door. i. 

d>b pat, m. a bed or plot in a garden or 

field. 9. [men beat dothes. s. 

iSb WSl pata, m. a plank on which washer* 
jj]^(JLib mtXX^ pap-ram, f. the queen, the 

** principal wife of a raja. ». 

^j^tliG JUK^ pat'krim or pat-hiram, m. a 

silkworm, e, 

ji'b "qiTS patalf m. rose-colour or pink. s. 
^*lj n\t^ \ patala, f. the trumpet flower 

(Bigwmia tuaveolem), s, 

JC> Ji'b m^r<^M^ patali-putra, m. the name 

of a city, supposed to be the andent Palibothra and 
the modem Iratna. s. 

J> ^'b ^W5?rt^ J?5?aZfl|paZ, m. a rubj. s. 
^*b Jfftn patambar, m. silk cloth, silk 

garment, s. 

^)5b ^rzm patan, f. a roof; m. name of a city, 

commonly caUedPatna; old inflect plur. of po^ a miU- 
stone {(or pafofi), h, 

^J>b TJlfiR patin, m. a sort of fish described 

as having many teeth, s. 
IjJb M l ^ffl patna, a. to roof, to cover, to 

shut ; to fill, to irri||[ate, to water, to pay ; to overstock j 
to accumulate, to pile, to fill up. h, 

J?b VltZ^patav, clever, sharp, dexterous; m. 

cleverness, talent, eloquence, i. 

Iii3y b ^TT^firBli patavik, cunning, crafty, frau- 
dulent ; dever, dexterous, t. [ferryman. A. 
ciy^ W;^ patuni or y^lihd pdfauni, m. a 
^'b VltZ path, m. a lesson, reading; studying 

the Yedas or sacred writings. #. 

\^b Vt^patka, m. a young animal full grown 

(generaUy expressive of a goat or elephant) | a youth 
or young wrestler, h, 

£oWb ^TOTf pathdn, m. bdellium, s. 

aA^ ^'b ^tW path'bhu, f. a place where the 

Yedas are read or studied. «. 

clA^b i n faff pdthit, instructed, taught, s, 
^b*> ^b i|l49ll<j&l pdth'Sald or path'ShcUd, f. 

a school, a college, s, 

^LS>^'b Vld)llP<j^^ pdth'shdlim, f. a small 

" bird {Oracula religiota), s, 

f^)4^'b V^im pdthak, m. he that gives lessons, 

a teacher, a professor ; a lecturer, a public reader of 
the sacred writings, or a Pandit who declares what 
is the law ; a spiritual preceptor;' a title of BriUunans. «. 

^i^\ ^TT^PRf pdthikd,{.9L small shrub (Abrus 

precatoriui). i. 

j^4^'^ ^nWR J^atA-mor, a courier or mes- 
senger, sent from place to place. K 

ij^j^04^\^mw^pdfh^manchmny f. a small 

bird {Gracula reiigiota), t, 

/o4^'b vm pdthan, m. lecturing, teaching, s. 
(^54>b ^nft pdthl, m. a teacher (the same as 

"pafhak) i a plant { Ft imkfg§ ulmdett) % t a ^oub^ goat ; 
akindoffllsh. «• • 

^^i^b Mi^fi pdtktn, m. a sort of fish (Situ- 

rus boaliM'); a public reader or lecturer on the Puranas. s, 

aj^u ^i^npathya, adj. to be read or studied, a 
i^'b T((H pdfi, f. the side pieces of a bedstead ; 

**a kind of mat ; a board on which children learn to 
write I divisions of the hair whldi Is oombed towards 
the two sides and parted by a line in the middle ; a 
kind of sweetmeat ; m. a sort of fish, described as 
having many teeth, s, [radish ; sandal. A. 

^b ttiiitpdtir, m. a pungent root, a sort of 
«^U>b pd'jdma, m. trousers, long drawers, p. 

*r>b pdjt, mean, base, pdjl-parasi, a patro- 

niser of laeaa upttarta. p^'l-tfriMf/, of a mean dis- 
podtion. p. [of the base. />. 

aiU^b pdjiyand, meanly, in the manner 
U> ^l^ pdji-pdnd, m. meanness, baseness, p. 
fr)f^ijr^ pcgl'^nizdj, mean-spirited, base- 
soul^, p, a, 
-pb ifW pack, a sort of gem, emerald. A. 

uii»-\^ XdWWpdchak, digestive^ tonic; m. a 

cook-* the bile which assists ki digestion ; a digestive, 
a stomachic, a solvent. #. 

(HJ^I^ pdchakf m. oow*dung dried for fuel. p. 

J^'b in^l^ pdchal, whatever promotes di- 
gestion, s. 
jj^b iifR pdchan, digestive, suppurative ; 

m. a raedidmd preparation, an infusion of various 
drugs, chiefly carminatives or gentle stimuU. given to 
bring the vitiated humours to maturity, a diet-drink, 
a digestive (v. pachak). i. 

dJJ^l^ in^nre pdchanak, m. borax, s. 
b tvnrvft pdcham, f. a sort of myrobalan 

{Terminalia cheMa), s. 

^\^ pacha, m. (sheep^s foot), foot. p. 
#4»-b im pdchh, m. the act of inoculating, 

inoculation, h, 

U^^^b VXVHt pdchhna, a. to inoculate. A. 
^cft^b tn% pdchhe, 1 after, afterwards, be- 
^T^A^-b mif pdchheA,) hind, in the absence 

of (v. pUkhey, a. 

«3b VJ^ pad, m. the foot ; a foot, a quarter ; 

the foot or line of astaniat cmisdon of wind down- 
wards, pad-mama, to emit wind backwards, s, 

J^dj^^ ^Uniftf pdddrddha, m. half a line of a 

stanxa, «. 




'( 168 ) 


^;««»V^b ^n^m padoMn, m. a foot-stool. $• 
(jibb padash, T m. revenge, retaliation ; 
OJ^bb 2^a^a.«A/,/ recompensei retribution, 

lewwd. p. [t6e. «. 

^lliCibb ^n^VIV padangushtk, m. the great 

KiSJlSbb in^T^fNiT paddngushthika, f. an 
omfiment or ring vrom on the great toe. <. 

j^bb m^lvj^H pddd-non, m. black salt, pre- 
pare br melting common salt with a small proportion 
dmjfmalaiuz u containa snlphiir. A. 

CU^bb m^TfV padahatj kicked, trodden, 
touched by the foot. s. [for the feet. *. 

c-^^b W!^i| pddap, in. a footstool, a cushion 
Vj«3b ^9f^ pdd-pa, f. a shoe, a slipper. «. 

jJli-^iib MI<HH|I<^M pdd'prahkdlan, m. 
WBihio^ the feet. t. 

JG^i>b m<{U^W pdd^randm^ m. bowing to 

the ftet, prostration, t . 

U^Vn^i^b U l ^H^^i pddap-ruha, f. a creeping 

or parasite plant, s, 
Vjbj^ib Ml^ll^K pdd-^rahdr, m. a kick. <• 

J3«>b Yinnr^ pdd'talj m. the sole of the foot j 

adT. nnder the feet «. [fourth caste. <. 

— r^b tn^ pddaj, m. a stidra, a man of the 
AjJjW^b ^I^^IM«t| jHod'^upo^af m. beat- 

•* ▼ ▼ W 

log or i^uflling with the feet «. 
jV^^ ifPppiK padrchdr, on foot. «. 
^W^b Ml^^lO pdd-iihdri, m. a footman, a 

foot soldier, t. 
j^y^i^b mi{^i4^|?a<{-c/ki<war, m. ih^ rdigious 

fig-tree (Ftctw relighta), t . [fieet a chilblain, s. 

^M^ ^H^^ pdd-ddrif f. a chap in the 
:\^i3b pa-dara^r, contented, tranquil, at ease, p* 
|jj^]i3b Mlj^14i1iT 2?a(ira-^r5. the ant lion, 

an insect which oonstmcts a hole in the ground as a 
trap for ants, on which it feeas. h. 

rJ^it^b tlT^d^ pddrrohan, m. the Indian 

fig-tree. t. 

j^i5b pddn, m. a Christian priest of any de- 
nomination (the word was introduced lilto India bj 
the Portngoese)!, 

•l»j^b pddzahr, m, the name of a medicine, 

expeller of poison (B&iomr 9twe), p. 

cL>j^fc«tf^b i|T(;??Rit7 pdd'Sphot, m. kibe, chil- 
blain, an ulcer in the foot. s. 
\^f\Ji»^\> VlP^fglWl pdd'Shdkhd, f. a toe. s. 
»\J*3b pddshdh, a king, a sovereign (same 

as iMidshah), padthah'tada, a prince. padshaft-zSdi, 
a princess, p, [a king; kingly, p. 

bUU>>l^ pddshdhdnd, fit for, or worthy of 
C^j^l^^b pddshdfiat, f. sovereign power, 

rojalty. p. 

^Ui>b pddshdhty f. royalty ; adj. of or be- 

"longing to a king, royal, p. [feet. *. 

«3^t>b ^n^f^Rv pdd'shabd, m. the sound of 

^^^b m??jt^ pdd-shothf m. swelling of 

the feet gout », 
tdljb WMi 2)dduhy who or what goes on 

foot, or with feet. «. 

^>b ^n^KT pdduJtd, f, a shoe, a slipper, s. 

(Jjj^^b m^^^szw pdd-fiatah, m. an orna- 
ment for the feet or toes, s, 

(*^S^^ m^'^im pdd-grahan, m. respectful 

obeisance, touching the feet of a superior, s. 

j«ij^^\> ifl^'llVll. pad^gandir, m. morbid en- 
largement of the legs and feet. s. 

V?^4^*^b t(r^mwU pad-ghdhrdj frightened out 
of one's wits, h, 

J^il^l^ xn^^ pad-mul, m. the heel. s. 

bt^b Unfsn pddhd, to emit wind (backwards). <. 
j^b >^T^j95c?5, f. a shoe. s. 

(id)i3j>b ifP^Vi^ pddodah, m. water for the 

feet, especiaUj that in which the feet of a Briihman 
ivive been washed, t, [farer. «. 

ti)j3b ^^f^P^rfK pddvik, ra. a traveller, a way- 
iilJtj*^b xn^^^RfNi pdd'Valmtli, m. morbid 

enlargement of the legs and feet «. 

U^b ^inVT pddhdy m. a schoolmaster, s. 
t^Ut^l^ m<^li.^ pad-hdrah, ra. one who 

takes or steals with his feet, s, 

d^^b i||^l(il pad-hat, trodden on> kicked, 

struck with the feet. A. 
;jiyb^b "m^t pdd'harsh, m. tingling of the 

feet caused by pressure upon tlie crural nerves, s, 
(/^b Vlfl^ pddi, footed, having feet; m. a 

footed aquatic animal, an amphibious animal, t, 

4^^b in^ pddt, rice in the husks. A. 
Ajt^b inir pddya, m. water for washing the 

feet t, [vessel for washing the feet, t, 

j>\^iOfi\^ ^tTBWnr pddya-'pdtra, m. a metal 
\^d\l'^tnpddhd, m. a hog-deer (v. pdrhd), s. 
(J^cll> 1|PA pddhl, f« the act of crossing 

"a river, h. 

jb THK ^5^; ni. the opposite bank or shore ; 

adv. over, across, on the other side, through, par^k,, 
to ferry over, to cross } to iinish ; to perforate ; to re- 
lieve; to carry off. par-ho-jana, to escape; to at- 
tain refuge. ». [man. d, 

\j\} pdrd, m. a sentinel or sentry ; a watch- 
lib TntT pdrd, m. quicksilver, mercury ; f. a 

river, said to flow from the Parlyatr mountains, a por- 
tion of the Vindhya chain. pare-Aa Aa/ur, calomel. #. 

jb\.b MKIMK pdrdpdr, m. the two banks of 

a nver. t. 



( 164 

jMi^b itirrfK^paraskar, m. a name of the poet 

Vyisa ; the rules of Vyisa for the conduct of the 
mendicant orders, s. 

lSj^\)^ ^\<HlC\ parashari, m. the religious 

mendicant, -vrho, having passed through the three 
stages of student, householder, and ascetic, leads a 
vagrant life, and subsists upon alms. «. 

♦^5^^ ^nrWR pdramar, on both sides (of a 
river) ; m. limit (of sea) ; sea, ocean. #. 

Ojl^b MKNil parawat, m. a sort of ebony 

(Dio*pyros glutinosa), t. 

Lij|;l> qRHill paramatt, f. a river in the 
^peninsula; the fruit of the Armsma reticuhttfg a form 
of song peculiar to the cowherds, s. 

^^.];b VtVmparayan, m. totality, complete- 
ness ; the act of reading a Puran continually, without 
expressing its meaning, s. 

LiJb.[,b MKIifniU4i parayanik, m. a lecturer, 

a reader of the PurSnas. «. 

«j»jl^b ^ifi^mi paribhavya, m. a drug, a 

sort of costus (Cottus tpectottu), «. 

j(34>.b infbT7 paji'bfuidra, m. the coral tree 

iErythrina fulgent) \ the nimb tree; a sort of pine 
Pinnt devadaru); the turvl ; also a sort of pine {Pimu 
OHgtfi^ia). 9. 

j5b|b m^aifm paripatra, m. name of a moun- 
tain, apparently the central or western portion of the 
Yindhya chain, which skirts the province of M&lwa. ». 

^jjA^Sbib MinmPv^^ paripanihik,m.$L robber, 

a thief, a highwayman, t, 

U^I^b MiOlauii paritathya, f. a trinket worn 

on the forehead where the hair is parted. <• 

viJLi^b xnftlftftni paritoshih, gratifying, 
giving satisfaction ; m. a reward, gratuity. «. 

«AJs^b in4^ parthahya, m. severalty, in- 

dividuflJity, difference, s, 

^4^b V[tf^ parthiv, earthen, terrestrial; 
ruling the earth ; m. a king ; an earthen vesseL #. 

0\i>.b Mir<^lll parijat, m. a tree that grows 

in paradise : the coral tree {Erythrinafitlgent), 9, 

tibWjb MKli|iri4€ par'jdyik, m. an adul- 
terer. «• 

&^b pdrckUf m. fragment, piece, scrap; 

cloth, web, a piece of cloth, p, 

3^b ilTTt? pdrad, m. quicksilver, s. 
«J^bjb ini:^«S pdr-ddfjyaf m. adultery. $. 
i^j^ifj\^VJTJ^jftM par-clartA, adulterer.^. 
(jyS*^«i;b ^JTT^i^R ;?ar-rfrM^ wan,long-Bighted, 

fiuvseeing, wise, «. [a country, part of Orissa. «. 

Li}!y»jb inx^nni par-dandakf m. name of 
(.dJLSjt>^b mK^Oumpdr-deshikffoTeigDfVLhTond ; 

m. a traveller, a foreigner. #» 

i^J^j^^ ^in^^lft pdr-deshi, t 1 belonging 

*j^?.^b ^!Tt^^ pdf^eshya, m. J to another 

country ; m. a traveller, one gone to another country; 
o foreigner. «• 

{J»*j^ ^(^ paras, m. the philosopher's 
stone ; a touchstone for gems ; a4j* Persian, s. 

(w,b parts or pars, m. Persia, p, 

Ly^l^ pdrsd, abstemious, chastey watchful ; a 

holy man, a devotee, p^ 

Jb^b pdr^l, the year before; last year* p^. 
^^U»^b pdrsd,t, f« chastity, purity^ abstinence, 

holiness, p. 
j4S>(^b^^!nniWCparfl^^a«/iar, 1 m. th€ 

J^SjO^b Mli^lMN^jk pdras-patthalj philo- 
sopher's stone. The para9 patthar, aooordlng to HindQ 
legends, was a stone which» on touching any metal, 
immediately converted it into gold. It was found in 
ancient times by a grasseutter, who. accidentally 
touching it with ms scythe, was astonished to find that 
implement turned into gold. It then found its way 
into the hands of the ri^a of that part of the comitry, 
who one day, in a fit of generosity, presented this in- 
valuable stone to a Brfihinan. The Brfthman, not know- 
ing the virtue of the gift, and beingdispleased at receiv- 
ing a present apparently so worthless, threw the stone 
into the Nerbndda. When he was informed of what he 
had done, struck with shame and remorse, he plunged 
into the river in <Mtler to recover it if possible, but the 
water was so deep, that he could not reach the bottom. 
That part of the Nerbndda b said to be unfathomable, 
hence, unfortunately, no man hat, ever sinoe, found 
the stone aforesaid (Binning). 9, 

vJ^O*!;^ Mli^VflM^ pdras-ftpal, m. the 

name of a tree {Hibi9CU9 populneoidet, Roxb.) ; also the 
tulip tree, f . 

(^JL«»^b inrftrii pdrsik, m. Persian, t. 
^_^b pdrsi, m. a Persian, the Persian Ian* 

""guage ; a follower of Zoroaster ; a fire-worshipper, p. 

(.iXxMjh VJtjfin pdrsik, m. (same as parn)^ 

Persian, the kingdom of Persia ; a Persian horse, &c s. 

i^»;b inflTTl^ parUkady m. a spectator, a per* 

son present at an assembly. «. 

j^b lyrciR pdrshav, m. the son of a Sudra 

woman by a BriUunan; a son by anothei^e wife, an 
adulterine ; an iron weapon, t . 

y^^ ^n^ pdrshway near, proximate, by the 

side of ; m. a side, flank. «. 

^>-"^^.y^^ ^OnfrH'l pdrshwa4fhag, m. the 

side, flank. 9. 

J^^b ^nftf^ parshfoa^hulf m. spasm of 

the chest, stitch. # . 

cfJjMKb tnf4v pdrshwik, lateral ; m. a par- 
tisan, a sidesman, a companion. 9. [dde. A. 

C^yitj\^ ^nSsnr pdrshma-gai, close to, be- 
uiijJiiJ^ innfNr pdrshlk, same as pdrsik, 

Persian, Ccc. 9. 

<uuS»^l> i|r^ pdrushya, m. aloe wood or 

wallochum: in law, this tenn denotes hamhness or 
violence. dan4a-panuhya, assault and battery. vSk- 
paruthya, slander, calumny, libeL «. 

(^b lirnv pdrak, what purifies, protects, 

cherishes; what enables one to cross (a river) or go 
through the world. 9, 

( 165 ) 



(^i^v^b ^iTmillri pdrikankshty m. an 
Moetic, one who livea in devout contemplation, t. 

i,S^j^ ^fCift pdrkkl, m. an examiner, s, 

*iJjb "fnGf pdraff, crossing, going over or 
beyond the world, s, 

il^b intnif par-gat, crossed, gone over; 

pare, holy ; a Jin, or Jain, deified teacher, s. 

i}j^ MM.9 parol, m. name of a plant (i3«^ 

nonia cheUmnde* or Bignonia suaveolentt Baxh,), t, 

<^^V) mr<^r#<t parilaukik, belonging 

to the next world, t, 
<-^J^^V^b MKilTf^il pdrmdrthik, preferable, 

belt, moet desirable, s, 

-p^^x^b MKMfiS pdramparj, m. traditional 

instruction, tradition, continuous order or succesuon. s, 

LT^^H^J?^^ Mli-MiuifM^^I pdrampatjopa- 

deth, m, traditional instruction. #. 

^)jb ifTT^ pdran, m. a cload ; eating or drink- 
ing after a fast. «. 

*ib^b tufiicn^ pdHndya, m. property re- 
ceived at the time of marriage by a woman. «. 
^;l> '^Rfl pdmd, a. to finish, to perform. *. 
^b ifirifT pdrna, m. breaking a fast, s, 
j'jjjb 'iflt'lK pdrwdr, on both sides (of a 

river); quite through, through and through. «. 

Ojj^b Tn%ir pdrvat, m. a tree called the large 

nimb {Melia gemperviretu), s, 

^^jjb ^T^lft/ianDati, f. daughter oiparfoat, 

"a mountain, q.d. mountain-bom ; the goddess Durga, 
the wife oi Shiva ; the olibanum tree {Boswellia thu- 
rifera); another tree {Celtit orlentalu), s, 

A^j jb ^Ail\^pdrvatlya, adj. mountainous, s. 
^^jb i|T^ pdrvan, m. the general funeral 

oeiemony to be offered to all the manea at the ParooB 
or junctum of the sun and moon, at which double 
oblationa to the ancestors are oflTered. «. 

%j\^ pdra^ m. a strap, a slip, a piece, a bit ; 

pira-doz, m. apatcher; a tent-maker, or one who ap- 
plies the leather parts in tents, screens, he, p. 

iS^i '^^ pari, f. timC; tour, turn. ». 

Jbjb mfV^IV pidriydtra, m. name of a 

mountain (same wm paripatra). s. 

jjjj .b 'qnfbQ pdrindra, m. a lion ; a largo 

snake (boa), «. 

jjj^l^ pdrina, ancient, past, elapsed, pdrina 

iiftar, an ancient record, p. 

Jb in? pdr, f. a scaffold. $, 
Ijb irm pdrd, m. a quarter of a town, ward ; 

(in Dakh.) a calf. A. 

U5>jb pdr-parnd, to sustain an injury, to 

receive a blow. d. 
0^ "^inpiT pdrnd, a. to let fall ; to collect 

kmp-bkdc ; (Dskh.) to finish, to acocompUsb. A. 

W^ ^fnWT pdrwd (same as salkh, q. v.). rf. 

Uj'b TIPBT pdrhd, m. a hog-deer {Cerims 
porcinus), h. 

^J^'b inrt pdrhi, f. crossing a river (when 
''travelling on it) ; a young buffalo, a calf, h, 

j>j\^ pdzahr, f. bezoar stone, p. 

O^b lire jpctf, m. a rope, a noose (v. pash). 5. 

O^^ ^^ITO pas, near, about, at, in the posses- 
sion ot, s. 

O^b j9a«, m. watch, guard, defence; a space 

of about three hours (the same as paJir, q. v.), obser- 
vance, preservation, pas i htiatir, attention to (one's) 
wishes, p. 

^b mm pdsd, m. a die (pi. pose, dice), the 

long dice with which chaupar is played) *, a throw of 
dice. «. [tinel ; a shepherd, protector, p. 

^^IfMib pdS'bdn, m. a watchman, guard, sen- 
^3\ju*»b pdsbdni, f. watch, guard, protection, 

** keeping, p, 

^IIamI) pdsidn, former, of yore. /;. 

/g^^ Juii»b ^a5-(fari, f. watching,guardianship. p. 

t^Jluihpd'sang, m. a weight or make-weight, 
an equipoise, a balance, p. 

^J*»^ ^IWft pan, f. a net ; a rope with which 
" the legs of a horse are bound. «. 

^^b trnsft past, m. a fowler; one whose 

"business is to make ta^i or tdjrl (so named from the 
rope round his leg when he climbs the tar tree), s. 

^^b pdxl (frompoj), a watchman ; (ours were 
"caUed " watchy," from " watch," in my young days), p. 

(jli\^ pd8h,(\n comp.) scatteringysprinkiing.//. 
(jib ITW pash, m. a fetter, chain, tie; the 

string for fasteniog tame animals, the net or noose for 
catchmg birds, deer, &c. ; a noose, a weapon of com • 
bat. f, 

^b in^ pdshd, ro. a die, a throw of dice. s. 
^\j^b ilTicnS pdshdn, m. a stone, s. 
j^*3J^^li»b Mmill|dt() pashdn-hhedi, m. a 

plant {Pltclanlhus scutellaroides), s. 

^ i^ (^y^^m^HMpdsh-baddha, noosed, sn^rcil, 
caugnt, tH)und. s. [vered. d, 

(^b(jib pdsh'pdsh, broken to pieces, shi- 
JbiiJj^jib 'iinflWM pwih-handli, m. a nooso, a 

snare, a halter, a net. a. 
Ci^b 'mf^ pdshit, tied, fettered, bound, s. 

«LjW;j2»b irram pash^chafya, adj. behind, 
being behind, subsequent ; western, s. 

i.dL2>b W^ pdshak, m. a die, particularly 

the oblong die used to play chaupar. »• [feet. A. 

c^^Mib iinni pdskak, m. an ornament for the 

i^jJii^VJ^:^ pdshand, 1m. a heretic, an 

^«jjL^b i?N^ 2^a5/ianc?I, J impostor, a secta- 
rian, a Jaina, a Bauddha or BQddhist. 9. 


aam»1> pashna or pdshina, m, the beel. p. 
&>^b pa-shof/a, m. feet-washing, p. 
^^b pasfii, f. di£ru8ion| scattering. |7. 
j_^b t|r(/t ^a«At, m. one armed with a net 

or noose, t, 
^(3Mji)b pashtdarif to sprinkle^ to scatter, p, 

tdJb poky pure, clean, upright, pak-burdan, 

to carry clean off. pak-soibtan, to bam or be burnt 
utterly, p, [confection. «. 

u£Jb inv pakp m. an electiurj medicine, a 
jlfib 2?aA-5a2r, undefiled (generally applied 

to the mind), p. [mind. A* 

^gjUiVj pak'hdzt, f. purity (generally of 
j4>CiiJb iFRHI^ pak'phal, m. the Caronda 

{Carissa carondus), s. 

^b(^b pak-daman, chaste, pure. p» 
^liXAj pak-damam, f. chastity, purity, p* 
^^^ii)^^ MI#<%IH pak-ranjan, m. the leaf 

of the ZottriM cassia, s, 

^ul)l> pah-rauy upright in conduct. J9. 
j^b inVf pakafj \ the citron-leaved 

bjpb ^rnvf^ pakariyaj Indian fig-tree 

{Ficus venosa), h, 

8(^ljul3l> pak'Zada, a washerman. £?. 
^\^ju*>uLlb m^mmpahstkanfiD, a kitchen. «• 
^^ytf j ju^dLib i?nvill^ pak'Sanrsi, f. a tahle- 

'*vice, a bench-vice (this is a modem name for the in 
strument wlilch was introduced by Europeans), h, 

^UkdJl^ Mi^^llcj&l pak'Shala, m. a kitchen, s, 
^4^^b in^ pakshyaj belonging to a side or 

party, s, [unpolluted. a.p, 

uJboLl)lj 'pak'Safy pure, clean, undefiled, 

^jboLd)b pak'safty f. purity, sanctity, p, 


J^^ MI4ic$ pakaly producing maturity, sup- 
purative; m. Costuf speciosus, s. 

^b i||«ir<# pdhalif m. a plant (JBauhinia 

Candida), s, [{Cucumis usitatissimus), s, 

#^b tn^R^ pdkaUy f. a sort of cucumber 
^^^^^^91^ pdknaj n. to boil in syrup. $, 

l^^b iinsn pakhUf m. a shed, any small build- 
ing leaning agfdust the wall of a yard or area, h, 

^\^\^'^J^ViSi pdkfidn or pdshdn, m. a stone, s, 

j^^ VfV^pakkarf f. an iron armour for the 
defence of a horse or elephant, h. 

fcii^b ^T^TQS pdkkand or vm^ pdshandy m. 

wickedness, deceit, hypocrisy, heresy, a heretic, a hete- 
rodox Hindu, adopting the exterior marlcs of the 
classes, but not respecting the ordinances of the Vedas.^. 

(^ JJ^l^ "^^(W^pdhhandt or ^^Ct^^pdshandi^ 
deceitful, hypocritical, heretical, wicked, t. 

( 106 ) Ck 

^J^ paK, f. parity, cleansing, pdkhletidf a. to 

'*ahave or pluck hair firom parts coaoealcd. fu 

ijjif^ pdkizagi, f. cleanliness* pujnty, neat- 

**ness. p. [innocent, of puv9 conduct. ^ 

SJj^ pdktza, clean, pure, neat, paktea^^au, 
Aji^b m^ pdkya, m. Bitldhan, a medicinal 

salt, impregnated with iron ; nitre, saltpetre, s. 

<iAj ^HT pdg^ f. a turban ; syrup ; a poll-tax 

formerly levied on all males over twelve years of 
age. s. [Mwrhattis) a stud. A. 

^b iinn pdgdj m. a troop of horse ; (among 
J^^^vmt,pdgur, m. act of chewing the cud; 

rumination. h» [to ruminate, h, 

b\^b WJTTfT pdgurdndf a. to chew the cud, 

^JA^ MMIcil pdgaly m. a fool, idiot, madman 

(a word peculiar to Bengal, and vulgarly sounded 
pogle), h. 

Jb ^n9j9a/, m.f. shelter ; a sail ; a small tent ; 

layers of straw, leaves, &&, between which unripe 
mangoes are ripened ; a dyke or dam ; crown lands 
kept in the hands of government A. 

^b m^\ paid, m. frost, hoar frost, snow } 

trust, charge ; cherishing, protecting, fostering; a heap 
of earth nuide by children to separate the two parties 
in a game called kaba4di; leaves of a tree named 
jhafbert (a species of Zizypkus) pSla-parna^ii, to snow. 
pdle-pafna, to fall within tne power of another, s. 

^^^b in^l^ pdldslh green ; belonging to the 
palis tree, made of its wood ; m. green colour, s, 

^^O^^^ MI4I9^V paldsh-khand, m. a 

country in India, the western part of Behar. f. 

/o^^b Mrt^UIH pd-ldgan, m. obeisance per- 
formed by embracing the feet ; reverence, respect, ve- 
neration, s, 

^^^ pdldn, m. pack-saddles, dorsers. p. 
iJ1a31> ^tfifKpdlit, cherished, nourbhed. s. 
{Jl*}!^\^paldyishf f. filtration, percolation, p. 
J»}b pd'la^z, a slip of the foot, a stumble ; 

met. error, mln. p, 

(^b Vlt^W pdlak, one who protects, nou- 
rishes, &c m. a kind of green (a species of spinach) ; 
a bedstead, s. 

v^b inf^TSi pdlik or pdlakj m. a cherisher, 

a protector, a guardian, a watchman, a preserver, pi- 
laJc-putr, adopted son. palak-befa, a boy who has been 
bought of his parents, hence a slave. (. 

^^t-iiJl> Vlt^fW^^ palak'juhi, f. name of 

a medicinal tree {Justicia tuuuta, also Leora wtdmiaH 
Roxb.) h. 

i^J^^^ MIc^^O pd'lakrtt f. blocks of wood 

placed under the feet of a bed to ruse it (it is the cus- 
tom to have two such blocks ready to raise the head 
of a bed, to give it a sloping position). A. 

l/^b iTT^Hnr pdlakrd, m. a child adopted 
as a son. paiakft, an adopted dungfator. A. 

jVi ( 167 

<P^ Unyift palktf f. a licteri a sedan^ com 

monlj called by Eu 

ooe who rides in % paiki. patki-nubm, entitled to be 



monlj called by "EuropQtxiB ptUaukten. palitsawdrt 

nupaiki. palki-, 
canied in a nalkl (lormerly tbls privilege was granted 

to individiuis by a king or viceroy). &• 

(^^ ^T^n patan, m. briDging up^ rearing^ 

breeding. «• 

^^ '^n^'n palna, a. to bring up, to breed, 

to educate ; to guard, to pioteot ; m. a cradle. «. 

t^^^ Ml(<$«4 palindf m. a aort of jasmine 

(Jatmhmm fmhuemu), «. 

^cVi3b Hl^t^^ paUndkipt a plant commonly 

'ealled teoii (QmvolmUus iurpetkum) the black sort, t, 

i^Al}\^ in^lf palank, m. olibanum tree (Bos- 

wellia thvytra); a sort of beet-root {Beta BengdleruU) ; 
a hawk, s, 

^^ ^ _ , or resin of the 

oUbanun). s, 

i^^V|H^ parlahtmgi m. a tetha*, a baiter, p. 

^^ in^j^ofi, who or whatnottrisbeeorpro- 

^tceta;iii,aoowherd; f. a battle between birdf; « place 
where Inrds fight ; a covering of a pot. h, 

jJb palet, f. a melon-field, p. 

Veb min pama, f. cutaneous eruption^ herpes, 
■cab. «. 

j^^ ^ntnft jvamarff m. sulpbun s. 
JUb poHmSl, 1 trodden under footirnined, 
JU|^ pa^-malfj deyastated, p. 

j j«b iqim|Wffuir, adj, wickedivile, base ; stu. 

pid« idiot, fooL s, {Tour. />• 

(c3^b pa-mardij f. strength ; resolution, va- 
(^/•b ^RlApafliariyC silken clothes, silk dress ; 

the wife of a man of inferior caste. A. 

^2;«sb inini paman, diseased with herpes* $. 
M|U ^ni pan, m. act of drinking ; drink in 

general ; betel leaf Qeaves of Piper heiei) ; (in Dakh.) 
a leaf (of any plant In general 1 pin ufhana or pan 
tend (to accept or take the betel ImI), to consent, to 
agree. #. 

(2)b inftr pani, m. the hand. $• 

bb ^mr jMnot a. to get^ to acquire* to find, 

. to eajQj, to tuffisr, to orertake, to reach, to aooept, to 
obtain ; m. a plant growing In stagnant water. «. 

^4j)b wthfgl^pmirbhg, m. theglomerous 

figwtree, (Fieut ghmeraia), $, 

v^b ^pamp,flin,crime (v.j^op); also agonj, 

angnish, torture, ft. 

yb^^b ^nfOTV pBMrpSirat m. a glass, a drink- 
ing vesset Mm 

■^biri^j^ainpi, wicked, criminal, sipftd. It. 

C^ib iriw pa7it, f, a Hue (of writing) j a rank 

of soldiers, a row. s, 

jSi^ ^Afd. pantar, m. a desert field, s. 

*4i>b HTWi pdnth, m. a traveller, s. 

gpb ^hrt pantt, f. a row. s. 

^b iinHTpanjar, m. the ribs, the side; aside 
or quarter (synon. with t'l'^qf), t, 

^b iimpancA, five ; (in Uakh.)an emerald, s. 

J^^ ^HWrn? Jt>5ncAa/, belonging to the coun- 
try of Panchal ; m. the sovereign of PanchSl ; the oom- 
nany or association of five trades, viz. carpenter, weaver, 
Daiber, washerman, and ^oemaker. «. 

^^Iji^^b ui^i^^i^ panch chhatank, a toll 

of five chhatar^s (q. v.) in a rSpVs worth of rice or 
paddy, established in large citie#to defray the expense 
of inspectors of weighmen, stationed in the b&zars, 
&c to prevent fraud in the weight and measure of 
commodities sold therein, k. 

t)^^b irt'^ilt panckfvdn, the fifth, s. 
^^j^b pdncht, f. a kind of weed growing in 

''tanks and pools, d, 

^^^«iib ^T^IlJ^ pdn'dan,m. a box for holding 

betel and its apparatus, s, p, 

^b in^ pdndu, pale or yellowish white ; m. 

pale or yellowish white colour; name of an ancient 
king of India, and nominal father of the five Pandava 
princes ; f. a plant commonly called Mashani {Glycine 
deWii). 8. 

^^(X>b '<R^^ pdndu-'bhum^ m, a country 

with a light-coloured soil, f . 
jiJJjb ^^npdndu-putra,m* son of Pandu, 

either of the PSndava princes. 9. [ing. «• 

i^j3b ^infll^ pdnditi, f. scholarship* learn- 
jj3b ^niST pdndar or tTTWC ^an^wr, pale or 

yelTowIsh white ; m. pale or yellowish white colour. 
pan^ar^ the many flowered jasmine, pdnfvr, the white 
leprosy; vitiligo. #. [cane. *, 

]ij3l^ UUU pdndrd, m. a species of sugar- 

liLl^SiVj mWi^r^M^I pdndar-pushpikaf f. 

a plant commonly called tttal& (perhaps Phrynium 
diautomum). s. 

^!^jjlj Mll^iJLM pdndur-drum, m. a plant 

{JBekitM aaUidytenterica). t, 

U^^b MW9%'il pdndu'$harkara, f. light- 
coloured gravd {diteasey i, 
()j^^l> invra? pdndu'kambal, m. a kind 

of stone, limestone or marble, f . 
UJ jjl^ m^if^Hlpdndwlomdf f. a plant ((7/y- 

cinedebilis). «. [opal, a pale soil. s. 

\^,«j3b MtWjni^l pdniwrnrittiha, f. the 
vl/bjj\^ MIW^MI pdndw^afff m. a plant 

{Roileria Hnctma). «• 

«33b ^VFP^ pdndav or pandava, a descendant 

of King Pandu, but more especially his five sons dis- 
tinguisned.iii the great wars detailed in tbe Mahd- 
bhdrata. e. 


( 168 ) 

(jj^*^^ MlM^^^i pandu'Vamaf^d}. white; m. 

whiteoeH. «. 

IjiJb ^ITCTT/^anJt^n^a, m. a light-coloured soil j 
a mixed M>il of clay and sand, f • 

i^<33l> ifT^ pahde,^ m. a title of Brahmans, 
4^b i|n^ panre, i a priest, a teacher, s. 
^^^p^nzdahfideen, panzdahumfideenih.p. 
(jM>^ Vn jJonSf in. manure, a dunghill, pahs 

hojand, n. to rot, to become meUow (land). «• 

(jMft>b v\^ pahsu, f. a rib, the rib bones, s, 
^b vihtj pahsa, m. (lit. a throw), a die (v. 

^^"^b i|t^f|T pan^na, a. to manure, h. 
^«M>b 'ivNftpanMt«,lfiye hundred. paruUf a 
;,,^b i|)|( pahsai, j rib bone. s. 
i^^^ ^vMt J7a7ui, a net for carrying grass or 

straw, h, 

(j2jb xifvf pahshu, m. manure, s. 
>vLr^^ ^rt^JJW pahshu'putraj m. a pot-herb 

{Chenopodium alfmtn), s, 

A^b i|i^1|pa/uAt{/, m. salt extracted from 

soil, rock or fossil salL «. 

K-ijb ^frwpin pdhskuhd, f. a fragrant plant 

{Pandanus odoratissitmis). «. [phuretofiron. «. 

(jM-u*»\xi^l^ ^Eit^HmA^ pdhshukdns, m. sul- 
J-iob ^TT^J^y jmhshul, m. a kind of tree (<7t- 

talpinia honducella), t. [quagmire, s. 

(-^b ilhirj^a;2A, m. a bog, mire, mud, slough, 
C^S>\jxC % pdnkta, linear, in line or row. s, 
v^^b vUti pang, mud left by inundations *, 

alluvial soil. A. 

Ulib uniT pdngd, m. culinary salt, obtained 

from the sea-sand, as by the process in use on the sea- 
coast of Bengal, h, 

U^O^ V ^ ^^M^Mipdni-grahan, m. marriage, 

the junction of the hands of the bride and bridegroom. 
pani-grahanik, matrimonial, s. 

\j^J ^^b M l f^ g J p slH I pdni-grifata, f. a bride, 

one wedded according to the ritual. «• 

^l^ mM^pdnini, m. a muni and inspired 

grammarian, s, [the grammarian. «• 

<ujjb M 1 r^U hI 4 pdnintya, belonging to Panini 
yb ^l^ pdnwj m. leg, foot, pdnw utamd, to 

be dislocated (the foot), pdnw u^ana or ckalanSt to go 
quickly, panw urdn&t to mterfere unprofitably in any 
one's affairs, pamo barhandf to take the lead among 
one's equals; to desist from one's former courses. 
pdikw hhar-janat numbness of the feet, sleeping of the 
feet. paHw-paikuf or pdMi-pdikon, on foot, pdikw par 
pdnw rakhndt to imitate or adopt the conduct of another; 
to walk in the steps of another ; to sit at ease, to sit 
cross-legged, pdikw-paptd, to entreat submissiyely. 
piAw pakafnd^ to beseech submissiTely; to prevent 
one from going. paAto pijnd, to honour another ; to 

avoid another. pSAwphailakar sond, (lit to sleep witb 
legs extended) is applied to signify that a person it In 
perfect oonteilt and security, pdi^ pkaildnd^ to insist, 
be obstinate, pdikw phuk pnuk rakhnd , to do any thing 
carefully, pdikw pifnd, to stamp with impatience. 
jMikip UUe mtUnd, to give one pain, to annoy, pdikw- 
tofna, to desist from visiting any person ; also to visit 
one ven^ often ; to be tired. jMikff f56i7 rakkna, to per- 
severe firmly in a resolution, pa^jamdna^o stand firm* 
ly. jMilio emWana, to totter, to become unstable. pdM9 
aho dho pind (lit. to drink the water with which one's 
feet are washed) expresses perfect confidence, wakw 
4dlnd, to prepare for and commence an undertaidnsp. 
pdiw dignd, to slip. pSi^w ragarnd, to go about foolishfy 
and unprofitably ; to be in the a^oni^ of death, paiikw 
zamin par na fhahamd is used to mdicato excesrive joy. 
pdilw-ifmdt to be numbed, to sleep (the foot), pdiko se 
pd^ bdndknd to watch one close, pdnw te pdikw 
bhifdnd, to be near, pdnw kd^im-k., to occupy a fixed 
habitation; to adopt a new resolution, pailkw kd 
angiifhd, m. the great toe. pdMo kdmpnd or ikartharana, 
to fear to attempt any thing, pd^w kisi kd ukhdrnd, to 
move any person from his place, from his intention or 
by his own 
angupM, m. 

stand immoveable. ~ pdikw lagnd, to make obeisance. 
pdinw nikdlnd, to exceed one's prc^r Uraits ; to with- 
draw from an undertaking; to be a ringleader in a 
criminal action, dabe pdikw dnd, to come gently and 
unperceived as a spy. t. 

j^^'^^yb nhr^^p5nn?-ro/i, f. akind of loaf, A. 

]j^>b ilhriT pdiimrd, m. a cloth or carpet 
spread for great personages to walk on. K 

^^yl^ vH^pdnon (for pdhmon, pi. o£pdhw), 

the feet ; the first nun, being nasal, is generally omitted 
in writing, and a hamza substituted, as pd,o^ h, 

^b VlX^ffK^pdnhar, m. a kind of reed, h, 
(3b ^nfipdnty m. water; lustre, &c. ; sperm ; 

** pdnl bharnd, to confess inferiority. iMiii papid, n. to 
rain, pdni pi pi kosnd, to curse excessively (i.e. till the 
throat beine dry must be moistened by drinking), pdni 
jdnd, n. to be afiUcted with the Jluor alhut ; to be dis- 
graced ; to shed tears, pant ckatnd, be afflicted with 
Uie/ttor albu$. pdnl a., to offter a libation of water to 
satisfy the manes of a deceased person after the corpse 
has been burnt pane te patla-k,, to abash, put to 
shame, pdni kd bulbuld (a bubble of water) indicates 
instability ; pdni-k., a. to abash ; to fadlitate.^ pdni- 
mamdt n. to dry up, to be evaporated; to exhibit signs 
confirming a suspicion, pdni mdmd, or pdni torw, to 
draw, in nautical phrase; as, yik Jakdn kitnd pdni 
mdrtd (or taftd) hai t " What is the draught of this ship f 
How much does she draw V* pdni mei dg lagdnd, to 
revive a contention which had subsided ; pdni no- 
mdngnd, to be slain with a single stroke (of the sword 
kc), and die instantly. «. 

Viiiilli^^b Mlffiillil^'ll pdnlt^dmalak, m. a 

fruit {Flacottrtia cataphraela). s. 

(JP^ Vlhnfi pdhyatl, f. the foot of a bed. «• 
&:*^b ^Plft^ pdntya, drinkable, to be drunk, s, 
0f^^ *^^ VX^t^fn pdniya^prifkthajf ra. 

an aquatic plant {Pi$tia ttratioite*). s, 

L^lSjs ftj\^ MI«A4^4i pdmya'-mvlahf m. a 

^\kA {Ikrrattila anihelmtniica), $• [otter. «. 

Ji3 juilj m^^^f<^ pdntya-nakula, m. an 
^b i|rT|>a,o, m. a quarter, fourth part. «• 
Ojb iltflV pdv*tf purified, s^ 

^^>J\y'^nw^pdtO-takl or ^IHICTft pa,0'tak%, 




t tbe pment fee of a Jbaiitiii-^oCq.v.), allowed by go- 
Temmeiit, at the rate of four inis per hundred rupeeg, 
on the net revenoe of each districti to defray the ex- 
penaea of the estabiishment. A. 

i^J^ ^imrt pafOii, f. what one gets, gain, in- 
come ; pQtUtl, a kind of lamp, h, 

j^j3^ P^iO'Zahr, tbe bezoar stone, d. 
(jajb iipni parvas, m. the rainy season, s, 
^j^ ^tn pawahf purifier, purificatory; 

n. fire ; a laint, a person pnrified by religions abstrac- 
tion : a tree tbe wood of which is used to procure fire 
by attrition {Premna tpinosa); lead wort (Plumbago zey- 
Umica) ; marking-nnt plant {SenUcerputoiuieiardimm. «• 

^Ij-^b '^f^i^ payolctf m. a quarter of any coin, 

as of a mpee, &c. s, 
^Ujb JfmHf^ pawaman, purificatory, s, 

{2X3^ ^inr«f pawan, sacred, holy, purifying ; 

m. water; penance, purification by acts of austerity: 
the eleocarpus seed; a kind of grass {Coshu). «. 

{^^^ ^inff pd,on (pi. ofpa)f feet. pOfOh par 

Utika mar-teni, to hit one's own feet with tbe adze, i.e> 
to occasion one's own faQure. })a,ofk dhul^ calamity, 
midortnne. A. [sheU. 9, 

O^^ U^ ^^^^^^^ poman-dkioaniy a conch 
V3>j^ 'VrailT panmuj a. to get, to obtainy &c. 

(see paiM) ; m. a plant growing in stagnant water. #. 

i/j^ VP^pawiy who or what purifies, s. 
CJ^\>^ ^nfnr pakaU m. the mulberry tree 

{Marui Indica). A. 

^^\i^l> ^ITfT9 |/a/ia/i,l m. a stone ; the head- 

^^\iV[t^pdhan, J man of a village, s. 

^b ^n^9 pahaU the ceremony of initiation 
into the Sikh religion and community, h. 

^^^niTff pa/iufif m. a guest, s. 
U^l^ '^T^sflpahundf m. a guest ; son-in-law. s. 
^^b ^nplft pdhunl, f. a female guest, s. 
y^b ^nV po/itt, m. a person, individual, h. 
ijA^ ^m^ pdhi (also pdhi^asdmt), m. a non« 

""leaident cultivator. pahl-kiUht, cultivation by non« 
reoidents. A. p. 

(/-^b W^ pctyCf m. a peasant residing in one 

^tlliige, and cultivating land belonging to another vil- 
lage. A. 

t^>l> ^n^ ;>a,i, If. a coin, the fourth part 

^^^b i|fi^ pdyin,) of an ana. s. 

c/^b tn^ pd,t, If. pins used by weavers to 

fj^i ^b ^ pd,tn^ J wind off the warp from ; 
the wofd pa,t is frequently used for poAi, q.T. a non» 
resident, fcc A. 

jc^b p5,fl, m. foot, leg, the foot or stand of a 

table, chair. &c. pa,e-hand (tied by the leg), met. en- 
cnmbcred with a family. pa,r biiltl, remainder, balance 
in hand. pa^-taW, m. the royal residence, or place of 
general residence of the royal family. pa,e-turab, m. 

the first stage of a journey Ht is usual to make one 
short stage at the commencement of a journey, and 
there to wait a few days to coUect every thing neces- 
sary). pa,e'jama, drawers, trousers. p&,e ^is&b lana, 
to settle accounts, pd^-dam, m. a gin, a springe, a 
snare, a noose. j9a,s-sMiifir, (chained by the leg) met. 
encumbered with a famiW. pSte-xih, m. a loop or slip- 
knot tied to the legs of falcons, &c ; a staple. pS^ezeb, 
a female omamenC worn round the ankles, pa^ lagnd, 
n. to make obeisance bv embracing the feet (a token 
of respect paid by the Uindfls to Bruimans). pa^-mal, 
trampled on, mined, utterly subdued. pa,e-ma/-/r., to 
trample on, to destroy, to lay^ waste, to ravage. pa,s- 
mo/f , f. destruction, ravage, ruin, occasioned by an army 
or cattle overrunning and trampling fields, &c ; |M,tf- 
mard'h t coorage, resolution, p, 

bb pajfdt m. the foot of a bedstead, &c. p. 
u.'bb pd^dbj fordable, within man^s depth ; 

m. a ford, p, 

fjbb pdydbtf f. quality of being fordable. p. 
^bb pdyauj m. 1 end, extremity; comple- 
ci^,^ pdydni, f. J tion. p. 
O^JvS^ V pdte'paslh a shoe, a slipper, p. 
^b(^>b pd^taba, m. a sock, a sandal, p. 
«4^b mW9pd^oth, m, a scaffold. /*. 
A^U^ v> pd,ejdma, ro. drawers, trousers, p, 
9i\ii\^pa,e'adna,m. a necessary, a privy, p. 

j^tXj^ pdje-ddr, firm, steady, durable, per- 
manent, p, 

if^W. H pdte'ddri, permanency, stability, p. 
iJji^pd,eri, f. foundation, basis, d, 
{j^Si ^im pdyaSj made of milk or water ; 

m. an oblation of milk, rice, and sugar. #. 

j?.^ pdyiXf the autumnal season, p, 
JO^ pdfe-zakr, the bezoar stone, p, 

L^b inftrv pdyihj m. a messenger, harbin- 
ger; afoot-soldier. «. 

J^</ b pdfe'kdr, a person who purchases 

goods from the manufacturer to sell to tbe merchant 1 
a non-resident labourer hired to cultivate land, p, 

ciu2»^(/^ pd,e^kdsht, (land) let out to non- 
resident tenants; oa^-ka*ht xawun, land cultivated by 
peasants not residing upon the spot, p, 

d\J^ bpa,e-^aA,m. rank, dignity; a stable, p. 
Jj\^ XW(9 payed or >ITfT9 pdyily firm of foot, 

steady, easy paced (elephant) ; f. an ornament for tbe 
feet; a bamboo ladder, p. 

JU^c^ pd,e'mdl, subdued, trampled under 

foot, p, [tioB. p, 

jJU i/^b pa,6-ma/i, devastation, destruc- 
j^jtf'^l^ pd^e-moz, m. a kind of pigeons, p. 
^^^^ pa,tn, low, lower, under, the lower 

part p, 

^/b T|fi( pd,tn, f. pins used by weavers to 

wind off the warp from. A. 

( 170 ) 

f. the foot of a bed* 
the side towards the 


'^Ji'^jf^ payini, ^ 
JW.l> "mAHi payantt, 

{j>, v^ pciftnt, f. inferiority, lownese. p. 
jJiUib payanda, firm, permanent, p, 

«ib paya^ m. a step, degree ; rank, dignity ; 

the foot of a tablo« chair, &&; the foundations of a 
building, p. 

Jjsilj V^y^i autumn ) met. old age. p. 

J^ Vlf^pabitr, undefiled, nice, clean | m. 
the Brfthmaaical cord. |)a(ttra><a,f. purity, holiness, t. 

]fy^ 'Rftrwr pabitra, m. a Brahmanical thread ', 

a string of silken beads ; a knotted piece of Kusha 
grass used in religious ceremonies of the Hindiis. f. 
holy basU {Ocynmm sanctum) ; a river a little to the 
north-west of Hard war, the Pdbar; the 12th of the 
li^ht fortnight of Shriwan, a festlTal in honour of 
Vishnu, p. 

i^J^ Vfw^pahitrif f. a ring of JTus/ia grass 

{Poa cynosuroidei), ot of fold, silver, or eopper, worn 
on the ring-finger and iore>finger by Hinddi during 
i^ligious worship. «. 

^^ftninrr;?tpa«a,f. thirst. pipcuit,pipamn, 

or ptjDMv, thirsty. *. 

^-^ f^Mi^l pippafa, f. a kind of sweetmeat, s, 
U^^jtt P^P^rmdSf the shaddock or pampel- 

mase (Citrus decumanus). d, 

J^ "TTfT ^apra, m. a crust, a scale, s. 
^Jtl ^^'^ P^PTh f« a scab, a scale, scurf; 

thin cakes of bread ; scales formed by the drying tip 
. of moist earth, s. 

C^i^JA) MMff 4I4R papHyorkat, \f. a kind 

0^bj^ UH(km%^ papriya-kathtj of white- 
coloured katk (ex. of Mimosa catechu), A. 

^JH ^^fi<?1 papftla, scurfy, scabbyt €. 
J^ ffVB^pippal, m. the holy fig-tree {Ficus 

religiosa), a. 

ciJlU^ fVui^fi pippalah, m. a nipple. «. 

ik*> f^l^xf^ pippali, f. long pepper (in Dakh. 
pipli}> pippatl-mul, m. the root of long pepper, s, 

fjJ^ ^^TPfi papnly f. the eyelash. A. 
^^ ^nJtn papotOf f. the eyelid. 


^-> >^ftl! papiha, 1 m. a sparrow-hawk 
V^i-J ''I'ftlT papikd, J {Falco nitus). h, 
^^^iXj j»2>p«, the dregs or lees of any thing 

**when poured out or drained, d. 

W i|^in papaiyOf m. a kind of child^s 

whistle ; name of a tree and of its fruit (the Papaw 
tree; Oarica papaya), A. 

^^^gju> r^qlfl^ll pipltaku f. the 12th of the 

"month Yaisakh, when ^ving away water is an act of 
merit, s. [ant. s. 

viUuu) 0lMl^4i pipilahy m. a large black 

Kbu^ f^nftf^W pipilihd, f. the common small 

red ant s. 

Zj^ ^patf f. good name, honour, character. «• 
JU> "TiC pat or ilfif p«<f, m. a lord, master, 

husband, pati, m. a lea£L s, 

I "Tftl pattiy m. a company, a platoon, con- 

sisting of one chariot, one elephant, three horse, and 
five foot. f. 

Ca^ f^ pit or ftv pitt, m. bile, gall. s. 
C^ ^ jpv^> in* ft li^l^ to which the childless 

are said to be condemned, s. 
IX> finrr pt^a, m. a father. «. 
U> ftirT|?tt^a, m. bile, the gall-bladder; met. 

anger, emotion of mind. pUid momd, to subside 
(anger), pitta nikdlna, to chastise, s. 

^ 'Vin pata, m. a sign, mark, symptom, 

hint, direction, address (or place where one is directed), 
a label: a book of instructions and regulations for 
rent collectors, patd-rakhna or -lagana, to seek for, 
to endeavour to find out, h. 

Ub V!^ patta, m. a leaf; a trinket, pattd 

hondt to run away, to flee. s. £iier. s, 

VU( ^nrnn patdkdf L a standard, flag, ban- 

^J^ Wnft patdkt, m. an ensign, a standard- 
-bearer. «. 

JU> ^IWT9 patal or ^nn9 patial, m. (b 

Hindu mytholo^) the infernal regiona, or « place 
under the earth (v. pdtdl), s. 

^\I> fcnrni^ pitd'maha, a paternal grand- 
father ; a name of Brahma, the great father of alL #. 

(^Ij3 (V|4|ilt9 pitamahtf a father^s mother. «• 
^U) fMillVl. pitdmhary m. a silk cloth of a 

yellow colour, a dress worn by Krisltna, s, 

(/>ll> 5?nt putdyt, the act of plastering; 

price paid for plastering, p. 

CJjij^'^ftrm patihrdt, m.chastity, modesty.i. 
^jiil'^lfirBm patibratd, f. chaste (woman), s. 
IjjbCLo ftnnrmjT pit-pdprd, m. name of a 

medicinal plant {Oldenlandia h\/lora), t, 

inrfWt patpitty the grass warbler, a 

[vial deposits. A. 

jJl> T(fm patpaTy land susceptible of ailu- 
UTj-H "'''T'l^ patparl, surface of soft land 

" caked by sunshine after fidn. A. 

^]H<^ ^fimnn pati-prandj f. a faithful 
wife. s. [infantry, i. 

Cax1;C.O i9f%4fas patti-paJikti, f. a line of 

lIo^ "^finf ^^A^tV, abject, fallen, guilty, aban- 
doned. *. 

^jbCjJk) iirrtHm^*! patit'pdrvan, purifying 

the guilty (an epithet of the Deity), s. 

» V 

smaU bird. Ii, 

( 171 ) 


SjAA> ^flnw patiiwa, m, the conjugal state, s. 
jy>'Cl^ fnwt pitt'jjvar, m. bilious fever, s. 
J4>>CiA^ inncf pat'jhar, without leayes; f. 

the fall of the leaf, autamn. pat-jkar hond, to Iom its 
leases in autumn (a tree); met. to decay (a person 
from age). A. 

(^)^C<0 innB^ pat'jhart, f. autamn. h, 
^3Cj^ ^ttR^tl pat'din or patUdin, dMj, 

alwajB, constantlj. «. 

jlj ^r^ patra or ^ITC^ pattar, m. a leaf; the 

leaf of the Launu cassia ; the leaf of a book, gold 
leaf, &c. ; a sheet or plate of metal, a letter, epUtle ; 
a deed, s, 

Jb int putr or putra, m. a son, a child, s, 
•Sj f^TiR pilar, m. (pi.) fathers, ancestors. 8, 

•!> Vf^ pitri (same as pita)t a father (this 
form is used in compound words). #. 

UjijiTWTjpa<ra,m. an almanac; anephemeris.^. 
diiJyS^ ^^TiTIf patrank, m. page, paging, s, 
ji^^ijO '^^n|F2?^^ra«^, m. red Sanders (P/<?ro- 

carpus santaiinus) ; red or sappan wood (Casalpinia sap- 
pan) ; the Bhojpatrt a tree so called ; a kind of birch, s, 

(^'^\ Jj ftnro^ pitra^, m. a kinsman, a pater- 

"nal relation from three generations. «. 

1^ \p>^ fRTOT^ pitrdyty f. verdigris, sub-acetate 

of copper. «. 

jbiXijJb i?f(JT^ pitri'handhu, m. a remote or 

cognate kinsman by the father's side. «. 

lIa^s^^^ ft[y?ftli 2>^H^'^hakti, f. filial dnty 
to a father, s, [fered tp the manes, s. 

t^fryi^P^ ftnpftiPT pitri'bhojan, m. food of- 

jjL>j1> f^f^TfU^pitri'pitri, m. a paternal grand - 
finther. f. [a father, patrimonial, t, 

(JlA^|^jIjftTipnWj?i7ri*-/w'apto, received from 
^^J^i ftl^TO pitri-prafu, f. a father's 

mother, s. 

c^lI^jI) 'tnra*9.^^ra-;pu;sAjp, m. a red sort 

of basil {Ocymum pUosum), s, 

<,^Ixl.>jS^ M^iJU{4i patra-pushpahf m. a kind 

of birch from the bark of which hukka snakes arc 
made, s, 

^Jii^Jbf^^l^^f^ pitri-pah^^ m. the first or 

*4^jS> ftnft^W pitar-pakk, J dark fortnight 
of the lunar month >tf«t». »» [from son to 8on« s, 

Ur?^{j*^ ^T^riWhST putra-pautnn, descended 

^^ 3;X) (ViHri^dl pitri-tarpan, m. the part of 

the hand between the middle finger and the thumb, 
■acred to the manes ; gifts in honour of deceased rela- 
tires, distributed at the shrdddhas or fdneral ceremo- 
nies ; the act <^tlirowing water out of the right baud at 
aeaaoas of ablution, by way of offering to the manes, s, 

^^jSJL) ftnifirfU pitri-tiihi, m. day of new 
moon on wnlch she rises invisible, s. 

^j^J!^^ f^^^[ift^ pitri'drth, m. Gaya, the city 

so called, where the performance of funeral sacrifices 
is thought to be peculiarly efficacious ; the part be- 
tween the middle finger and the thumb, sacred to the 
manes, s. 

3 f^lf[^ pitri-jag, m. obsequial rites, s 
^tf^j^ 3^nrt^ putra-jiv, m. a tree, from the 

fruit of which necklaces are made, of supposed pro- 
lific efficacy (iW^f^/apu/ran^iva). s. 

(j^'^yi ftrpni pitri-dan, m. gift in honour 
of deceased ancestors. §, 

iz/^j^ M^i.%C»i patra-ranjan, m» embellish- 
ing a page, illuminating, gilding, t. 

^l^ju«yJ r^iimM pitri^sthan, m. a guardian^ 
9 protector ; the abode of the manes. #• 

^y^jH f^<l^^l pitri'Srvasa, f. an aunt, 

father's sister. «. 

Ify^^ "^^ifilin patra*shiraf f. the vein or 

fibre of a leaf, s, 

JbCi\jil»^ (\|i{9|||[ jntfishraddha, m» the ob- 
sequial ceremony of a father, s. 
iJij^^ify ^nr^^ putra-shretii, f. a plant 

(Salvinia cucuUaia). $, [sequiaL s. 

(^J^ f^WHi pitrik, paternal, anoastral, ob- 
t^;A> i|fm futrikdy f. a daughter; a doll. 

putrika'ptUraf m. the son of a daughter, appointed to 
raise issue for the father, s. [a letter, s. 

^Jb "f^^m patrikd, f. a leaf, a page, a writing, 
^j\>pjfVl^iniftjEn^9>Aa?^',m.obsequial rites, s. 
Usop^ JJI^IMJI putra'hdmydf f. wish, or 

affection for, progeny, s. 

A^y>, ftT^'rt pHri'kann, m. 1 obsequial 

^^j^ ftlfiW! pitr^kripa, f. J rites. «. 
C^j^S> ''W'TII patra^gupta, m. a species of 

euphorbia, s. 

•/a ^^^^^^ P^^T.^'9'l>K ™« burial-ground, s, 

{J^J^y, ftnpro pitri- ffan, m. a class of pro- 
genitors, the sons of the Rishis or Prajapatls. s. 

tiiSl^^ ft^tiTTW pitri-gkdtah, a son who 

is hostile to his father ; a parricide, s. 

iiJjpjft|rt<J^*/?i/n-ZoA,m.the world or sphere 

of the manes : it is variously situated, but principally 
in the Bhuvar region, or mia-heaven. s. 

jC^S^ ftnnrfV^ pitri'fnandirf m. the pater- 

nal manskn ; a cemetery, s. 

\^'\3pb MlHlf^VI patra-ndrikd, f. the fibre 

or vein of a leaf. s. 

wlXipj tnrjf j9a/t'fl7i/7, m. red sanders {Ptero- 

carpus santilatitts). s. 

mi;J^ wftjfT patringd, m. name of a bird, 

the flyeatoher {Mi^rops viridis). A. 

jiij OlflO pitarau, m. (dual), the two pa- 
rents, s. 


( 172 ) 


j^*«^4/^ M^H^i patropaskar, in. a tree ^^^ ^nnv^joa^mayt^ sowing fresh sugar cane 

(CuHa eKuUnta), t, 

{^j^^^ Vitt^ patrorna, m.a phni (^Bignonia 

indica), s. 

UJlA ^^'^^ pitri-van, m. a cemetery; a 

place where dead bodies are burot. «. 

^•JjH ^V^ V^^T^^y^* ^' ^ paternal uncle, s, 
^y^^ ftnr^if pitri-kan, m, a parricide. $• 
tfcA 3^ p^itrt, f. a daughter, patri, a note, 

an epistle. #. 

iiU&jyj ij^fip putreshtit f. a sacrifice per- 
formed for obtaining children. «. 

^;A> ^TVft^ patariya or Tfljficn paturiyat f. 

a prostitute, pitariyu'hax, a whoremonger. A. 

e»jL^^finpV9;7tXrt-ya^a,m.obsequial rites. .1. 
C^ftt\ix»CL*>^niMtfkjga«f-«iyig^<*,f. a body 

of troops. $, [band. $, 

t^JU«I> i|firik^/Mi<t-«^, f. devotion to a hus- 
\C[> ^nniT patkof m. a girdle, a sash, zart- 

patka,tLgcAd sash granted by the Peshwa as a badge 
of honour to his officers, h, p, 

{^S^ ^9jWt/7a(ttAi, f. a small pot, a pan. h. 
(1^^ ftnmjot^to-^Ana, antibilious s. 
t^^fi^^ ftnnft piita-ghnt, f. a plant (Menv- 

spermum glabrum). t, 

^^^4^ "Vflflft pati-ghni, f. the murderess of 

** lier husband ; a line on the hand indicating that a 
woman will be treacherous to her husband, m. 

^JI> THK^pattal, f. a plate or trencher formed 

of leaves, f . 

JjO ffPtr^ pittal, bilious; m. brass; the 

bhohair, or birch tree, of which the bark is used for 
writing upon. «. [lean, meagre, delicate, h, 

"^^VIC^ patBf fine, thin (cloth or liquids); 
i)0kj ^if^ 7?tt//a, m. an image, effigy, idol. s. 
^kjii^ f^ni<^ piticda, f. a plant {Jtusieua 

repent), s. 

Oi>UL> f^flc^MT pitldnd or Oll<i$HI pttlldna, 

n. to be contaminated with verdigris (as food, espe- 
cially of an acid quality, kept in copper vessels). «. 

ti^il^ Milc^lt^ patld,i, f. thinness, fineness, 

meagreness. A. [m. an image, an idol. t. 

K)il> Jnf^niT putlikd or ^prft^lPT puttalikd, 

^1a> ^^K^ pailo, m. the dead leares fallen 

from a tree; the leaves cut from the culm of a reed 
{Saccharutn spontanettm), and used for thatching, t, 

|k:> V^KlS^putU, f. the pupil of the eye ; an 

"image, puppet, idol, doll ; the frog of a horse-hoof. 
putli'ka-tara-k^ to honour or esteem as the apple of 
the eye. s. 

Aa> fn^pittaR, brazen, made of brass, s. 

Ua«X> ^rftratr patvmhardf f. a bride choosing 
her hosband; a pungent seed {Nigella indica), t. 

after cutting the old. K 

^P^ ^nnipaton, m. the act of falling, s. 
^^fy ^nn pattan, m. act of ordering goods 

from a manufacturer. A. 

(^ ^nn pattan, m. a city, town ; chiefly 

used in oomp., as trirang'pattan Seringapatam. s. 
|. •»- x^ ^^ pa tan jarrCi ^qrch, a monthly 

treasury account, specifying the receipts and disburse- 
ments arranged under the difibrent heads for each 
month, A. p. 

IiL> ifwy j9aton^, m. sappan wood. A. 
'^KJf patangAm. a moth ; a (child^s) 
l^^ ^nhrr patangd, J paper kite ; the sun. s. 
\i^^ inryi patanga, m. a spark, patangd 

hand, to go rapidly about a business, h, 

f^^A ^^ffft palm, f. a wife, patnl-bhag, divi- 
sion of property among a man's widows, s. 

^^ ^>nnft pattant, commissioned, manufac- 

tured by order, h, 

|y^ ^ilfftm patauwot m. a leaf. s. 

j^Xj mmiK paiwdr, \ , , . 

•^M .. ., f f. a rudder or helm. h» 

Jiji> "W^Tf^y patwal,) 

CJjyi^Jlfjrtnt pati'Vratt m. chfiaiiiy. s. 

^jy^'^fiXWIR pativratd, f. a chaste and faith- 
ful wife. s. 

^jyi>,'^f^fftmt paturiyd, f. a prostitute, h. 
ipy^ ^i4*fA patfvantt, f. a wife devoted to her 

husband, t. 
Bjl) iHf^ patoh, If. daughter-in-law, son's 

yb^ ^ifjft^patohu,) wife, s, 

^^ "^^path, m. a road, path, highway. 5. 

A«3,.^"Rftr^ patki-drum, m. a sort oikhyar 

(Mimosa alba), t, 

j^X) in^ paitkar, m. a stone ; pattJiar^dzi, 

f. throwing stones, playing with stones, ftatthar pant 
hojana, the melting of a stony heart ; a difBcult task 
to be facilitated, pattkar patijna, to be softened or 
melted (a stony heart), patthar chhdtl par rakknd, to 
' be patient by compulsion, or from being without 
ledy. patthar td pihtnk mama, to reply rashly. 


without understanding the meaning of one's question. 
patthar te Mtrphafnd or mdrtidt to teach or instruct a fooL 
patthar hand, to be heavy ; to be stable, to sUnd stiU ; 
to be unmerciful. «. 

VStjAjJ MiliMI pathrdndf n. to become bard 

(a boil) ; to be petrified. «. 

^j^^ MMilV*^ pathardfO, act of stoning. $• 
j^xJ^ ^^^'df patthar-phor, m. a wood* 

pecker {Picas), A. 


( 178 ) 



U^^^^X^ Mim^^l paithar-ckata, m. name of 

a kind of greens; a skin-fliBt; name of a serpent; 
name of a fish ; acy. one attached to his own house, 
who remains there even in distress^ A. 

j^jfi^ "^VT^rnr patthar-'Chur^ m. name of a 

plant {PlteUwUhut aromaticut. Both,), #. 

li^ftri ^^^^1 pathar-kcUa, m. a firelock, s. 
uJj^ '^r^pathri, f. the flint of a musket ; 

a giziard ; grit, gravel ; stone in the hladder. t. 

^^j^ "^n^^^ pathrVa, stony (as soil), s. 

c£l^ Vlfin pathik, m. a passenger^ a tra- 
veller. «. 
^o4A> '^fiR pathinf ro. a division of hell. s. 
U^ inm pathya, f. yellow myrohalan 

{TermhuiHa cheMa). f. 

MSj^^V[Bipathyat^ro^eTi fit, suitable, agree- 
ing with (chiefly with respect to diet), t. 
^ ^lift patity f. a leaf; hemp, of which an 

intoxicating potion is made; the hem of cloth; (for 
pati, q.v.), a hnshand, lord, or master, t, 

jX) i|t> pataiy straw or grass thrown over a 

* field to protect the fresh plants roots from the sun. t, 
\jp "^ftnn paiiyOf f. a written opiniol given 

by PamlUM on a point of HindQ law ; a letter, a small 
note. I [brother, t. 

Vo ftlflnH pitiya, a paternal uncle, father's 
^,US> ilfiniTO patiyara, m. belief, confidence, 

dependence. #. 

UVjp Mr^mM l patiyana, a. to confide in, to 
trust, to depend on, believe, s. pand. h, 

^.^r\ inftn pattt, m. uncultivated, waste 
^^C/jCj paiit-kamt, f. a decrease, occa- 

"iioned by lands being left uncultivated. k.p. 
iSjiPi uiflO yafirt, f. a kind of mat. *. 
i3iH ^*^^ jw/i^i thin, fine. A. 
'JjC> ^<y, m. a match for a lamp, a link- 
stock, a candle-wick, fotil Ms, f. the stand or support 
of a lamp, p* 

3)4C:> rnft^ paOla, m. a pan, a pot /*. 
thSiy paiila (v. patU), a match, &c. p. 
iS>>J^VZpat, m. a shutter, the valve of a fold* 

iug-door ; a sound ; a^J* upside down, overturned. A. 

4JL> ^ pat, m. the sound resulting from the 

falUng or beating of any thing, s. 

i^^s ifZ patf m. cloth, coarse cloth or can- 
vas, a checkered cloth on which chess &c may be 
played, i. [gent, sharp. ». 

cILo m patu, clever, dexterous, skilful, dili- 
«JLo V^ patt, m. wove silk ; a plant (Cor- 

ehanu oUiorhu) from the fibres of which* called Jute, a 
ooane sackcloth and cordage are prepared ; a royal 
grant or order written on copper, stone, &c. $. 

« O ^Zp^ff m* a menstruum, solvent, flux, s^ 

Ut} >97T pata, m. a foil, a wooden scimitar for 

cudgelling with ; a board on which HindQs nt, whilst 
eating their meals or performing religious ceremonies. 
pefe'b&z, a fencer, a cudgel-player ; met a coquette, 
a wanton, a strumpet ; ]Mfa kaftt&, a. to discharge from 
service* h, 

^^Ijppatfa, m. a lock of hair; a dog-collar; 

name of harness; £ an ornament for the forehead. 
paffa iurana, to flee, to run away. K 

U> vpp patta, m. a deed, particularly a title- 
deed to land : a grant or lease, specifying the quantity 
of land possessM by each tenant, and the amount of 
rent with which it is charged, paffa-dar, one who 
holds his lands by a written engagement, jpaf^ dalt- 
tata, a lease f6r ten years, paffd janajat, leases granted 
to tenants individually, paffa ta*allt^, a dependent 
lease, pa^a fhika, a deed assigning land for fanning 
on certain conditions. «. 

U^ putta, m. an ant-hill, a snake's hole* 

(Snakes are usuaUy to be found in old ant-hills, where 
the ground is burrowed in every direction to a con- 
siderable extent— B.) d. 

ULoU^ VlZmZ patapaty m. the sound of beat- 
ing, or of the fiUling of drops of rain. t. 

i>U> irrnit patdpar, m. name of a fruit, k* 
\j\ji\j^ ^ TIPn patid turand, n. to run 

away. *. [cracker, a squib. *. 

L»-L^ patdj^df m. (properly patdhd) a 

^Uj f^fZm pitdrdy m. a large basket, a port- 
manteau, square boxes much used by persons tra- 
velling. A couple of them are slung by ropes to 
either end of a bamboo^ caUed a bahangi, and thus 
carried by a man who runs alongside of the palan- 
quin.— (B). d. [(y,aghorty #. 

jj^\3> ftrsre pitdfii, m. an order of mendicants 

gF.U) f VglO pitdrxy f. a small basket, a port- 
manteau, a hamper, a pannier. #. [in rice, &c. «. 
g^VSj fnvS( pitori, f. a weevil, an insect bred 

fJi\h, ^QfTHV patdh,m. a crash, explosion, 
report of artillery: a kind of Uid. A. 

\fU> ^CTUt pdtdkd, 1 m. a squib, cracker, 

l^^ ^rnin pafdkhdj fireworks ; f. a flag, 

a banner. h» 
^U^ pafdlaUf m. a regiment, a battalion. 

(The Urdfi version of the English word is peHau), d 
\j\j> il?nn patdndf a. to irrigate, to water ; 

to\»laoe the beams on the roof of a house; to pay 
m<mey ; to prepare a cAoidrd with oow-dung dissolved 
in water. A. 

jU^ ^QFSTir patdn>, irrigating, flooding a field ; 
roofing a house with tiles, See. k. [ing. s. 

%JL>CL> vms p^tV^tf f* ^^ sound of beat- 
liSi) firftlfinn pifpitiya, adj. combing or 

carding (wool, cotton, Sec.), h, 

\ilj HJin patutd, f. 1 expertneflB,adroitne8s; 
tfSjlV^patutwafm.) eloquence, s. 
4_i;3>.i3*JLo^|^j!iot«-di?w,f.a principal queen.9. 


( 174 ) 




]/a) ^rvtT patra^ m. a plank to Bit ou, a plank 

on which a trMhemMn btati elotbes; rmApe gtain 
fOteer af j^j^mnn). joo/fi km denH, a. to deprive ode of 
hie power or strength, to oo&vict an adTersory and 
leave him without reply. A. 

j3|^ciu> ^^<|fO pat-rdnif f. a queen who Is 

installed or consecrated along with the king, s, 
X* *■ 

0^>;A> V^^lJi patf-'ranfff m. a plant used in 

dyeing (dgtolpMa sappon), t, 
i^j^ ^YTlft patrt, f. a tile. <• 
U?pi> W^ |»fl?^*»> If* a plank to write on j the 

jj^jSj 112^1 p<itn,j vanes of a Venetian win- 
dow ; a firm seat on hotscback $ a narrow slip or plaak 
of wood* h» 

yjj^ inrrr patra, m. a plank, &c.) Beepatra. 
JLttviLi^ M^KI^ pot'sat, m, a college, a read* 

Ing-roofflt a school-faoiiie. t. 
(^^Ma> M^ll«1 pat'SaUf m. a plant, /t. 

c^Llub i^J^ltnir patt-skak, m. a sort of pot- 
herb {Corchorut capsularU), 8. [of the teeth, t. 

^^3^ ftj^ pittakf m. the tartar or excretion 
IxSj tTTBIT patka, m. a cloth worn round the 

waist, a girdle, tart pafka, the golden girdle, an en- 
sign conferred hr the Pethwd on (renerals who are in- 
vested with antnority immediately by him. fM^ka 
b&ndhna, to determine on, or prepare for any act. 
pafkS-pt^apia, a. to hinder, to obstruct, s. 

UW\Ca> M{4i|i|HI patka janOf n. to fall from 

dtie's rank or estimation, h, 
^^M> ^|^1C«il patkamaAsL. to clasfa against 
M^ii^ttmmt patkanOf J any thing, to 

throw on the ground with violence ; to knock, b, 

^J^ '^nrsf patkan, f. a knock, a fall ; patkan 

khana, to (all down. ft. 

^^^^ ^Vn«n patakna, a. to dash against any 

thing, to throw on the ground with violence, to knock ; 
n. to crackle (as wood in the fire), toipatter, tofret. h. 

^^(J^yt ^'f^^^^^^V P^fhani'dem, a. to dash 

on the gfonnd, to throw against any thing with vio- 
lence. Ti. [the ground, &C. (same as last), h, 

^J^i^f^ MJ^I^Vfl! patki-dend, a. to dash on 
J^ Mfji^ pattU, m. a plant (Casalpinia 

bonduccella), t. 

^i^j^ ^%?^tll pattiiodhrat m. a tree* the 

bark of which is used as an astringent ; the red species 
of the hdh {Spnplcpot racemotay, «. 

(^ ^fn patan, m. roofing, h* 

i^y^^t^ P^tt^^f m. the name df a city. A. 

^^ Iffit pnttany act of ordering goods from 

a manufacturer, h, 

Ua> >VSin patnd, )i. to be paid, to be pro* 

cured, to fill, to be watered, to be covered, to be roofed, 
&c. ; m. name of a city in Behar. h, 

Uub ft(^ntpitnd, n. to be beaten. A. 

(J^^M^ fttlfHd pitankdshf m. a Bpeciea of 

|dke {Bsox scolopax). $. 

ij^^ i^^CI^A pitanhdkl, f. colocynth. »• 
ij^ '^ftni patnt, ni. a ferryman. A. 

{J^ 'OfnT pattani, commissioned goods, or 

goods made to order. A. [purpet. s. 

yi '^fSpottu, m. a kind of woollen cloth, 

\^ ^irVT patUfd or patrvd, m. a man who 
strings pearls, a braider, a maker of fringe and tape, s, 

*jA> 1TCTT patwdj irrigation, patwd-zamin, 
land artificially watered. h,p. 

\^ IT^VT patu,dj m. tow made from the 

Hibiscus cannabinui, h. 

j^y^ VZmvC patTvdr, 1 m. one who keeps 
(^^y^VZm^ pativdri,} accounts of lands, 

a land-steward : he keeps the accounts of the rents 
realized in his village or department, and accounts for 
them to his superior. The pafwdri is also employed 
on the part of the husbandman, to keep an account of 
his receipts and disbursements, and no village 1^ with- 
out one of these, h, [to water, k, 

UlyJ^ ^nPTPTT pcttwdnd, a. to provide money ; 

O^ ^?Jif patut, m. 1 vigour, virility, acli- 

^y^^iffp patuid, f. J vity, skill. *. 

{*^yi Vitinf patotan, m. roofing with planks 

or boards, transom, h. 
0^ ^;i7in patukd, m. a cloth worn roand the 

waist, a girdle, patuka b&ndfind, a. to determine on or 
prepare for any act patukd pakapid, to hinder, to 
obstruct, s. 

iiyi '^(fhft pataunl, m. a ferryman. A. 

^jJ^ ^ i\ r^'-Q I ^atohiyd, m. an owl. A. 

yiy^^patrvigartm . ( v. patu,d), a braider,&c. h . 

0^^ ^Zpath, T ra. a young full-grown ani- 

l^jb VZtpatthdfi mal, a youth, a wrestler; 
a sinew, a tendon ; a plant with long leaves, a. 

^ ^ patto^ a lease, &c. (patta), A. 

l^jb ^putthdf m. the buttock, the hip (of 

an animal). A. 

^)l^ '^ITRpa^Aan, name of a race or dynasty 

that reigned in Delhi ; also an Afgj^dn race settled in 
Rohllcund. h, 

Ul^ Xf^XHl pathdnd or jottAana,!^ a. to send, 

^^^V^thfJ pathaund, J to des- 

patch, h. 

0^wf<nf }?a.^At^ read, studied; recited. A. 
j^^^ ^VJ^ pattarddrf a leaseholder. A. 
(j4^ vm pathan, m. reading, reciting. A. 

iXis^b ^fiSJfl pathhigdy shelter, refuge, d. 
U^ VHf^l pdMydj f. a young full-grown 

animal, generally applied to kids, fowls, &c. V 


■( 175 ) 


\t^ '^^m pathaiya, part. lent, deBpatohed. h. 

^Ji'^ p^Ul, f. plaster; a bandage, a fillet ; 

"a quarter of m place ; the side pieoea of the fbune of a 
bedstead ; a written order, charter, or patent, a list, 
statement, or invoice ; docnments of any aind ; laths of 
split bamboo ; spokes of a wheel ; a row ; a kind of Bw«et- 
jtneat; divisions of the hair which is combed towards 
the two sides, and divided by a line in the middle. 
foffi pukajrke M<faraA«a,expree8ef excessive weakness 
and laziness, paffi toriMt to be bedrid, jvo^i m patfi 
mUana, expresses the most intimate proximity. «• 

\ P^tf^ ^ basket for catching fish, d* 

\ljb VXi'Bti patiyay f. a slate or slab of stone, s. 
C^iS^'^fhf pataitf m. a cndgel-plajer. k. 
.b^Jlj pattl^dr, a patentee ; a person who 

holds a tenure by fxiffi i one who has a shafe in a co- 
parcenary village or estate, patpi-ddrh a coparcenary 
tenure, h. p. [grass eaten by elephants, h. 

\m>'^ZXJ patera, m. papyrus ; a kind of long 

Jju> ^^ patel, m. cudgelling ; sovereignty; 

a title among the KuM tribe ; a title of Marhattas, 
the headman of a village, pafel ^alnS, a. to interrupt, 
to throw obstacles in the way of a business i to beat h. 

^Ua) ^^9T pate/a or ^9T j^atot/a, m. a kind . 
of large and flat-bottomed boat used for merchandise 
oa the Ganges I a log or beam used to roller harrow 
ground, h. [tobea^ A. 

UJj q^l^H I pafilna, a. to exact, to subdtte, 
j^^*S) ^1^ pateli, f. a flat-bottomed boat. h. 
Qub tnftft pfifimB, tti. the planks on which 

cloth is spread Ibr printing, s. 

\>ft i; i iqiiAin patina or pataina^ m. the natne 

of a bird, the green fly-catcher {Merops viridis). h, 

Ujo) pattiwar, according to shares or assess- 
ments (v.patfi). h. p. t^Wpplng. a. 

b W HUrn pujapof m. the apparatus of wor- 
\3\jtf ^iwmp^j^naf a. to fill, to accomplish ; 

to Cause to iromhip. A. 
\-Vjg pajdwd (v. pajdnfa) a brick-kiln, p, 

OjVjg ^pn^^ pujdrvandf a. to cause to wor- 
ship, t. ^^^'»- P- 
•jVJ poodway m. (corrupt. o^pazdwa)yB, brick- 

^ pajar, distillation, dripping } also a foun- 
tain, jet d'eau. d. 
K)j^ pajamdy to drop, ooze, distil, d. 

U\u5 ^fiRT^ pujwdndf to cause to worship^ 

to cause to fill or complete, s. 

Vf^ v:^itiT[ pajaurd, low, mean, shabby, h. 
J^pi0eb,{. an ornament for the feet.^. 
pichUy m. a sort of leprosy, «. 
U)\5W q^ UltgX ! pMhd ddlnd, n. to digest, 

toroL t. 
\\^ WTO puchdrd, m. a thin coat of clay 

^ Cr laying on a wall ; the sponge of a gun. puchara 
phtrnL to sponge a gun. pochard denS, to lay a thm 
^t 5" clay on the walls of a house ; to whitewash a 

wall. A. 



^j*»^ ^^vrs pachas, fifty, paokdiwdiii, the 

fiftieth, s. 

j^\jg "^Wrrft pachdsi, eighty-five. «• 

V>1^ '^orVTrn pachdnd, a. to digest ; to cause to 

rot ; to rot, to ferment, s, [five. s. 

L5y^ Vl^^fTftii pachdnawfveipacJidnTW fninetf' 

j(^ '^mmpackdfO, m. digestion, s. 

^^ ^l^^ni pach'pach,m. the noise made by 

walking in damp places ; adj. soft or plashy, as soU, or 
rotten vegetable matter and mud. A. 

^5v ftr^rftr^ plchpichd, soft, flaccid, moist, 
flabby, watery. A. [to be wet} to sweat. A. 

Ul^v«v M^M^IHI pachpachdnd,n* to be damp, 
Ci^vjg TTHf pachpan, fifty-five. h. 
^^J^ il^TRT pachtdnd, n. to regret, repent; 

to grudge, to grieve. A. 

j^ ^^nrre pachtd,o, \m* penitence, re^ 
[5^%$ ^^V?n^ j>acA^an;a| J pentance, concern, 

grief A. [doth. A. 

^y^ M^dtf^ill pachtoliyd, m. a kind of 
iiii^ tnz pichchatf m. inflammation of the 

eyes, ophthalmia, s. 
t}5 ^Uni packckar, f. a wedge, pachchar^ 
mSfnS, a. to tease, to harass, to distress. A. 

uiljg fWV pichuk, m. a plant {Vangueria 

tpmota). a [large nail, d, 

\j^ pachrd, m. a kind of wedge, a spike or 

{^ji^ puchras, m. a kind of bronze, a com- 
position of iron and other metals, d, 
Kj£ f^T^KT pichukkd, m. a squirt, h. 
1;^ ipnin:i|7tfc/iAara, m, (same as puchdrd) 

a thin coat of clay, sponge of a gun. pacA^ora phernd, 
to whitewash a wall A. [syringe. A* 

lJj^ fT^Wrdt pichkdrif f. a squirt, a 
UK^ f^mrniT pichkdnd, a. to squeeze, to 

press together, to shrivel, to wrinkle, to burst. A. 

Ui^ r^l^lHY pichahnd, n. to be squeesed; 

to be shrivelled. A. 
\a^ Vi^fWl packkhdff, six days from shrdvana 

to revatt, on which days several kitids of work are 
unlawful. *. [or divisions (a house). A. 

\jJ^ Vl^n^ packkhand, having five parts 
Jjtf fVra^ pichul, the tamarisk tree ; a plant 

{Barringtoniaaeutangula); the diver or water-crow. #. 

Vji^ "^n^SlSlpachlardf consisting of five rows 

or strings, as a necklace, &c. (▼. p*lcA farS). pocA- 
lafi, t a necklace consisting of five strings. A, 

U JbJ M^^ ' *! l paMond, m« a medicine com- 
posed of five kinds of salt s. 
Wv*3v M^^^l pachampachdf f. a species of 

curcuma {Curcuma zanthorhizon), h 


( 176 ) 

^ll^^ <I^^C(#I pachmahaila, consisting of 

Hwe Btories, rooms, or apartmenU (a house), h. 

:>j^ ft^^ pichU'mard, 1 m. the nimb tree 
Sx^ f^nnn?^ picku-nuind,) {3Ielia azad- 

dirakhta). ». 

JiA^ ^^1^ pachmel, mixed, confused, s. 
^^ V;^^pachan,'whfitcQokB or matnres^&c. a. 
\j^ inrsft pachna, n. to be digested ; to rot ; 

to take pains, to labour, to be consumed. «. 

Jijtf f^n^ pichand or ftlf'RIpcAtnrf, in. the 

belly. «. 
^Jj^ Hl^flllflll pichandihdy f. the instep, s. 

J3j^ fVl^Oli^ picliandil or fW^flp^ P^' 

chindil, big bellied, corpulent, a. 

^y^ '^T'CtrnCT pachotara, m. a duty of five 

per cent, on merchandise (v. panchatara), t. 

^^ ^^nirT|>ac7ittAa, m. a squirt, a syringe, h. 

i€^\^ ir^^ pachfm,tAf. an intoxicating 

«-^y$ ^iTTft pachwxy J drink made from 
rice. *. [of a tank. A. 

j%^ "Priftt pichoTf garden-ground &c. in rear 
v3^ ^^^^ pachaufii, t the stomach, s. 
#4^2 T[^pachh or ^19 p^^^i m> confirmation, 

protection, defence; partiality; a feather; a fortnight, 
or division of the mouth. ». 

^jj ^RK plchchh, m. the tail of a peacock, 

a tail in general, h. 

^^ mK puchchhf f. a tail. s. 
j^j$ in^TC j9t/r/i^ar,m. asking^investigation. h. 

3^ ^fWl^pachhar, f. a fall, throwing down ; 

the act of winnowing, pachhar Ar/mna, to fall down; 
to suffer pain, t, 

Uyl^ JrtlTWHt pachliarna, a. to throw down, 

to abase, to conquer, to upset, h. 

ijy\^ ftnjnft pichhafi, f. the rear; the 

hinder part of an animaW the ropes by which a horse's 
hind legs are tied ; adv. in the rear, behind. ficMiaji 
mama, to attadL in rear. A. [of the sun. s, 

tJ^AjS inri pachhdh, m. the west, the setting 
UV^ fmWT pkhhannd, a. to know, to be 

acquainted with, to recognise. *. 

U^jj^>\^4jJ pichh pd,on hona, to retreat, 

fall back, withdraw, d, 

Ulj^ifi ^mPTT pachhtand, n. to regret, to re- 
pent of, to feel vexed. «. 
IjU^ innrTVTj'acA/t <att7a, m. regret, concern, 

grief, contrition, repentance, a. 
ilA^ V!ff;flT,pachhattar, seventy-five. /«. 

Ka^ f^^vfinn jnchchhitihd, f. the sisu 

(Ddlbergia siiu). s. [overcome, h. 

UWj^jg UfftfUHl pachhar-jand, n. to be 

^j^ ^Vnn pachhapid, n. to fall, to tam- 

ble. A. 

^y^ f^nit^T pichhld, hindermost, last ; mo- 
dem, recent (in opp. to ancient), pichhle patw kapna 
to withdraw from one's agreement, h. 

^l^ rqrJiit^l pickchhild, f. the silk cotton 

tree (Bomhax heptaphiflktm) ; a potherb (BaseUa rubra. 
and lueida) ; a timber tree {Dalktrgia nau)t an esculent 
root {^Arum Indieum), $. 

</^^ J^jS fM*<JMl| pichhdl'pdyiy f. an ugly 
or frightful woman, one who is a satire upon the sex, 
an ogress, h. 

^^ J4j6 ft<^<g^^l pichchhal'dald, f. the ju- 
jube {Zizypfius jujuha), t. [P^S* ^' 

\J^ (^^^H pichkalan, m. sliding, slip- 
^Pi^dC pichkalan, next, second, again, d. 
UA^ f^mj^m pichkalnd, n. to slip, to slide, s. 

jt^ M^H pachchham or i|(\i|l| packckhim, 
west, western. «. 

Ua^^ inn^ packhnd, m. the act of scarifying 

(tattooing); inoculating; a scarificator (name of instru- 
ment). A. [ing. K 

^J^ ^IWft pachhni, f. scarifying (tattoo- 
1^^ imr pachhwd, f. western wind. «• 
!j!^4!v f^ 441^1 pichkrvdrd, m. 1 rear, rear- 

*rfjlj436 f^ WI5l pichhwdri, f.J wards, hin- 
dermost ; the back yard of a house, h, 

u!^^ ftw^ini pichhwdn, tailed, having a 

tail. A. [m. back of a house. «• 

O^^ fVninr pichhutj afterwards, behind ; 

\)3^^ f^nftn |>tcA/iaura,1 m. a cloth or sheet 
1334^ ftrf^7lj9tcA/iaum,J worn round the 

waist, or thrown carelessly over the head, a tablecloth, h* 
i^54j$ ft'^^ pichkauriy'Xt a small cloth, 
^j3^ ftnShft pichhauri,} &c. ; a head- 
kerchief, h, 
^j'y^ MiJI^HI paMiornd, a. to winnow with 

a basket used for this purpose, h. 

{Sj^^ pachhorl, f. a sheet, cloth, &c. <f» 
^^^ ^lA^ puchhwaiyd, m. an inquirer, 

interrogator. «. 

^tf^jj ^raft packchht, m. an ally, an assistant, 

**an advocate, patron ; a bird. s. 

jU^ Vfw^npachhiifd90,f, a westerly wind. i» 

Cj^t<^ f^ritV pichhet, m. the back of a house ; 

a yard or compound behind a house. «• 
tc^ ^nft pachchi, adherent, joined ; (met. 

"in music) in unison, pachcltt-lcarl, f. moeaic ; patching 
or darning of damaged cloth, paehchl hond, n. to be 
stuck together as with glue ; to be in unison ;. to be 
strongly attached by love, h, 

W^ ^n/Hl pachtSf twenty-five. s. 

( 177 ) 

pachMf f. a game, so called, 

plfljifid with covrries Instead of dice. It is lo named 
finotn the highest throw, which is twenty-five. s. 

^ paikf interj. Oh ! bravo ! well done ! pikhf 

get awaj I begoiie I p, 

(jVjs paUal f..(for jMiAAa/), a large leather 
bag fi>r eaiTTlng water, generally on bullocks, s. 

gTjJ^ fuhhtart^ f. cakoB (or bread) which 

are laid over dishes when bringing to table, and under 
nducfa the meat is kept warm ; cakes erabued with cla- 
rified butter, from beug laid over certain greasy dishes, 
as dcpiyaza, Sic These cakes are very soft and savoury, 
whence mSmd putk^arifd^ khan&t to eat cakes of this 
description prepared by his mother, is applied to a 
peiBon accustomed to luxury and incapable of labour 
or fatigue, p. [oi the world, p. 

fjJ^ pukhia^f dreBBtng, ripeness, experience 

^^^J^ pu^tan (r. paz), to cook, to bake ; 

met. to concoct in the mind, or imagine, to entertain 
an idea, p, 

aJjtf pukhtaf dressed (as Tictuals) ; ripe ; sly, 

knowings enerienoed (in the world), wise ; built of 
cot or polished stones Ta house). fuH^a kama, to 
make strong. paU^o-vari, sound workmanship. 
pUUfa-vuhaj, of mature disposition, experienced, p. 

^jtJg pakktkf trodden, expanded, withered, p, 

i33 H^ pad, m. the foot ; footstep ; rank, cha- 
racter; (in gram.) a word; place, station; a foot or a 
line in a stanza ; (in law) a head, title, or topic of legal 
or judicial proceedings, s. 

\s^ f^piddd, m. a species of small bird. A. 

KZdXJL^Ajyy i|<;ifilfV|f| padabhUhikia, anoint- 
ed or installed in rank or office. «. 

Ol3k> i|?^ padat or padati, m. a footman, 
a foot-soldier, a pedestrian ; a pawn (in chess), s, 

fjXiV^ M^lHl^i padatik, a peon, a footman or 
fiDot-soldier; apawn(in chess), t. 

#^f^ '^^^(A padarth, m. a thing, substance, 

a good, a blessing ; a rarity ; a delicacy, or exquisite 
iood; the meaning of a word; a categorj^ or predica- 
ment in logic, of which seven are maintained, viz. 
substance, quality, action, identity, variety, relation, 
and nonentity. «. 

^jt J^ ^I^TgI padavgh (for padarghyd)^ an 
oflbring of curds, honey, Sec. to a guest orBrfthman. 9. 

(j*»lj^ ^9^ padas, f. inclination to break 
wind backwards* flatulency, f . 

Im»\<X> Vl^fWl padasa, m. one who is inclined 

to break wind ; acQ. flatulent t. 
^jMft^«\> "^^nni paddsan, m. a footstool, s. 

Ulp '^f!JSfl paddndf a. to cause to break wind, 

(met) to frighten, or to put to flight s. 

iiij^^'tf^lt^poddnk, m. footmark, vestige. «. 
ilS> ^1^^ padhtf f. title, titular name, sur- 
name, patronymic ; rank, character; a path. «. 

i^/f^i^ ^^^ VH pad-bhanjan^ m. explanation 

ofobacure words; etymology, n 

i ^V^^^W pad-ch^t, fallen from dtg« 

nity, disgraced. $, 

jiX> padar (in Hind, pidar), a father, pular^ 

mizajJ, a representative father, or one who has adopts 
ed a son. p, [bottom, beneath, d, 

ji3J padar (same as tah, q. v.), fold, &c. ; 
io\jd^ padardnay paternally, like a father, p, 
'^JD'H • padrudf leave, dismissal, farewell ; 

padrHd'k., to bid adieu, p. 

{^jiXlpadari, paternal, fatherly, p* 

(Sj*^^^^^^ P*^Th ^' ^ tomtit. h» 
<^JJ1RfV padaky m. an ornament of the 

neck ; (in Dakh.) a flat plate of gold or other metal ; 
badge, s, 

Af'^^ ^^W\ pad'kraniy m. step, pace. «• 

A(\> Vl^ padam or tfif padma, m. the lotus 

{Nelumbium speciositmt WiUd, qt Prutuu eeratut) : it is 
often confounded with the water-lily {Nymphaa) \ ten 
billions, according to the SJtastr, or one thousand bil- 
lions, acoordinff to the D(utur'Ul-*anMl or the royal or- 
dinances of ^/r6ar. t. 

^S^ inn padmd, f. the goddess of riches, 

LaktJtmi; a small tree {Hibitctis mutabilis), s, 

cL^Ut^) ircn7 padvidt, m. a sort of cassia 

{Cassia tora). s. 

(^U^ ^minnT padmdaan, m. a posture in 

religious meditation, sitting with the thighs crossed, 
one hand resting on the left thigh, the other held up 
with the thumb upon the heart, the eyes directed to 
the tip of the nose ; a seat made in the shape of a lotus, s. 

j^S> .'^mrarc padmdkar, m. a large deep 

pond, in wtiich the lotus does or may grow, s, 

CJm\^6J ^inmw padmdjvat, name of a cele<- 

brated princess, whose adventures are related in a ro- 
mance entitled Padtodwati. t. 

j3jUjj Mlll^fll padrndwaiif f. the wife of the 

** sage Jaratkaru ; tlie main stream of the Ganges be- 
tween the Kasimbazar river and the sea. «• 

S^jkS:>^Mf(m^padma^atra, m. a sort oicostus 

{Costus spedosus). s. [(^JVehera corymbasa). s> 

^-v*Ltt>^ ifinnRV padma-pushpy m. a shrub 
jLWaO^ innirfOTt padma-chdriniy f, a 

small tree {Hibiscus mutabilis), s, 

ti/^j*^r**H ^^^^*V padmU'darshan, m. the 

resin of the Phtus loHgifolia, s, 

li/ljAtX) Xf^njri padma-rdg, m. a ruby, s, 
tiU^ '^W^padmak, m. a kind of leprosy. «. 
f^iitfi^i^ VWKn padnia-kashth, m. a fra- 
grant wood, used as a cooling and tonic medicine. «. 
fj^^^ VW^ padmaki, m. the Bhojpaira or 

" bfatih tree. The bark is used for writing upon, wrap- 
ping shawls, &c- «• 

■^^yV^ ^nq^ padma-mukhtj f. a sort of 
"prickly nightshade. «. 



( "8 ) 



lioiy^ Vinft padtnani or ^iftuft padmtm, f. a 

dcBCTiption of women, the most excellent of the four 
dassee into which womankind is divided by the HindOB 
(the names of the other three are ehitrnu, tankhmh 
and Ao#<i»i)* «• 
\yd^^!ittWLpadmottar, m. safflower. s. 

of co$nu {Cotiui tpeehtm), «• 

^»H ^^^ padna, 
J'H V^paddu, 

having a propensity for 
breaking wind back- 
wards ; met. acoward. t. 

ti)«>jtH^»I^^I^ padodak, m. water in which 

the feet of a Br&hman have been washed, and which 
it is a meritorious deed for inferiors to drmk. #. 

^J^S>^ in{^ padwi, f. rank, character, title, 

"road, path (v. padln). s, 

OjU*H ^WTdT padhama, n. to take leave, 

to go away, to depart ; to arrive, «. 

J^C^^ ftivm pidhan, to. a covering, a cover 

or concealment j a lid ; a wriqpper or cloak. «. 

C^tH ^'^^^ paddhat,^f. a road, line, row^ 
ji^*H ''W^ paddhatlj manner, custom; a 
^eatise on a particular science i ritual ; a title or titu- 
lar name. s. 

LfH ^ P<^ddt> *"• an alley, a way. h. 
iV.'H P^(^f ^P^°' public, clear, evident, 

manifest, oonspicuous, visible, p. 

*i*H ^ padyttf m. metre, verse. 

1i> ^WT pada, m. the boundary of n field, h. 

^3j pazir or ^i^ir, (in comp.) denotes 

taking, receiving, admitting, being fKMsessed of or 
endowed with; as, «waH»«»»'"« tidorned. possessed of 
ornament; taja-pa^r» endowed with wtegrUy, pure, 
sincere, p. 

(iPkJ|i»H paztraftan (r. pa^r)^ to receive, 

to accept ; to admit, to sustain, f. 

\j>M, piP'^^9 acceptable, agreeable, p. 

J ifT par, other, strange, foreign, distant. 

fktr-dei, abroad: ooiu- but. over, throuffh, after, at, by, 
for, of; post-position, on, upon, notwithstanding. «. 

y Tipra, prep, (in comp.) forth, for, forward, 

off, away, s, 
J par, m. a feather, a quill, wing, par-jalna 

^OT tutna, to be without power or abUity. par^hafna 
or giram, to prepare to fly ; to get new feathers after 
moulting, par ntkalna» to digplay on acquiring power 
those qualltiea which remained concealed in poverty 
or a low station ; to shew the cloven foot. p. 

> ii;^ pa?^, m. a knot or joint in a reed, s, 
J pur, full, complete, loaded, charged ; used 

(In comp.) as piir-iittr, UlustriouB, lit. fuU of light, p. 

y ysitpnr, m.f. a city, town, pur-han or 

pura-vash a dweUer in a city, a citizen. 8. 
\\ xd^ para, prep, (in comp.) back, back- 
ward, reverse, over. *. 

iyi 5^ P^^^f Di- * ^'S® village, town j (ia 

comp.) apartment; as, ran-fura, the women's apart- 
ment, t, [troops J; a rank, ffle, or row. *. 

U iTO para, m. a company j a body (of 
*jb];> wnrai prSbalya, m^ powfr, vigour, 

predominanoe. «. [eminenoe. «. 

^)ji ^l'^'^ prabkava, !»• saperunrity, pre- 

^\j>^V:t!m parabkav, m. discomfiting, over- 
coming. 1. [come. «- 
Cj^)j> HtniW parabkiUp defeated, over- 

Clojj WK prdpta or parapat, m. income, 

produce, gain \ adviwtege, benefit ; acquired, attained ; 
proper, right, i. 
C^Ui Wfff praptit f. gain, income, advantage, 

acquiring, obtaining, success, f . 

«ii*j|;> Wf^ prapit, procured, obtained. «• 
^jUjI^. j[mA prapiartha, successful, having 

gained an clb^ett, t. 
J^J^lri imWll. praptavmwr^ opportune, 

eeeaoiuiUe, finding an oocaiiom f . 
>*^^1H ^^^^rf* prcipta-huddki, enlight- 

ened. Instructed ; recovering, beoomiBg oonsdoof . a. 

J\^Ca>);> UrmilV prapia^kal, fated, one 
whose fitted time has eeme i opportane. «. 

v^Jb\;> linm prapakf adj. procuring* obtain- 
ing. «. 

(o^);^ urn prdpafif m. obtaining. «. 

ftA^ly Vra prdpya, attainable, obtainable. «. 

^]j>, inw ^'•a^ or HHK prdtdhy m. morning, 
dawn of day. praia-Mmdkt prata-hal^ the same. s. 

Cj\j>^ iron ;>ara^, 1 f, a large plate (of 
Jl;e ^tnft parart, J brasa). A. 
ci3tU>U Wf nmr<{<l prdtipadikf m. tho crude 

form of a noun, without aAzee, I. 

aj^Ob irofHw parHt-priya, m. a kind of 

reed (AiccAeniw tpontmewsi), s. 

3\jiJ((WLpratar,9kiY. morning, dawn, pratar- 

6A({;a», m. the morning meal. #. 

^1H 5^^ l^'^^-^^^^ 1 old, aged. ,. 
^J]J> YXfm purStanJ 
cil^U irnrftnt prdthamik, first, initial, s. 
«tte^l;i IfWI prdtkamyaj ra. firstness, pri- 

"ority. «. [dentlal ; m. a surety, t. 

tiUx>^ IVmf^ prdtyayik, trusty, confi- 

l^U> ^ro^ pardihd, m. bread made with 

butter (or ghl), and of several layers like a pie-crust. A. 
\j^U\^ imniTn prdjdpatya, f. giving away 

the whole of one's property before entering upon the 
life of an ascetic or mendicant. #• 



( 179 ) 


«tf>V»-|^ munm prqjapatydit xa% a form of 

OMmaffe, U^e gift of ^ girl respectfully bj hex father 
to her lover; a name or Allahabad or Prajag ; a aort 
of penaiioe, eating once a day for three days in the 
mflvniqg. onoe in the night for thre» days, BUbalitlDg 

three days on food given as alms, and fasting three 
inoie } a particujiar aaciifloe performed before ai 

Eing a daughter to raise issue in de£|ult 
; tne aatensm iZoAf'n?. 

afore ap- 
of male 

i^^^^j^'^^XflfWparliJU, conquered, defisated. «. 

i^\A ^nifV parajai or part^ai/^, m. oyer- 
"tbrow, defeat, diseoi^fit^fei «• 
^1«JL»-|^ qimWIQ parajaiman, adj. over- 
coming, conquering, surpassing, s, 
J^]ji HWR prachavt pontrary to rectitude, 

devliitiiig from the otdinaiy institutioni and obser- 
vaneee. i. [P*^P>1* 9, 

^j\^\j> 1iniT4 praeharjf m. ^ soholar, a 
d*^|;> V[Ufn parachU, m. a fine or penance 

imposed on religious occasions as the price of abao« 
latiaq, atQuemeot, ezpU^on. «. 

LfT'hi "'^ prdchtf east, eastern j f. t|ie 

east. «. [fence, a wall, ^ rampart, t, 

jh>^]j> W'rtt prachiry m. a bound hedge, a 

{a^]ji ^TO^^tf parachln or nWHf praoh%n, 

old. of former timei. apcifi^ti ^ n (irood hedge« a 
fence, a wall. f. 

Uai»-|^ inrtm frficAM, t a plant {CUam* 

peh» hejcandra). «• 

a ftidt (FUiomtrtia cQ U fkruokt}. «. 

ft>>Ty ni^HM^V prachln^afMiBf m. 

Islj^t^ VT^AufWT procAin^la, f. antiquity. « . 
«s^|;i vnv prachya^ eastern ; m. the eaaterii 

country, south and east of the SarasWAtL f . 

^\^JC^J>^J(t^lm pradur-hhaQ, ». app^rawce, 

manifetUtlon. «. [ambulation. «. 

•i^y^JiH WBjflfP pradaMinyHf m. circpra- 
^j^]^ ^^npi paradan^ m. a hor^e of the Per- 
sian breed, t, [superiority. #. 

sjpll»i)];t Vnin^ pradkmyat IP. supremacy, 
jKjb^l;} iluAlVIl paradhiharf m. another 

pesipD'f plQee or pott piuradkikar'OhliroMt f. offidous- 
ness, interference with another's concerns, s. 

i;j[^>^ ^TO^ paradhtHf in the power pf 

another, dependent. «. [dependence, s. 

UJuk^jU) Mil^Wl>aradAfna<9,f. subjection, 
iAj>>L> m^ pradeth, m. place^ country. *, 

ciJljj«i]^ inffirV prad-vivak, m. a judge, 

aimgifti»te, a, [«i9nicpa pA<ir«"<>a)> '• 

jIA ^''W J^rarUt mi a kind of gourd (3f(t>- 

J^^j]A "^^^ prar^bdh, f. fortunci lot, fate, 

prcdMtbiatioii, chance ; s4i* begun. «. 

#4i>];4 ^J^ j»/wvrtA, having another object or 

ae^ue ; designed b^ another ; m. for the sake of another. 
pararth'Vaait oflSoous, pneddling. t. 

C*^|/i Wfflw prarthitf asUed begged, soli* 

cited. #. [solicited t, 

^ ^ ]H ^^'^l^ prarlAaJk, asking, qa asker, a 
^jIH HT^Nt prarthna^ f. asking, petition, 

prayer. «. 

ftj^ ^ ]y> W^ffttl prarthmyaj to be asked or 

begged ; m. the third or Dw&par age of the world, s, 

^^^^Jv ^^'^\ parardhwa, m. a lack of lacks 

of crores, or a number equal to half the term of Br!ih- 
ma*s lifb. «. [mencement. s. 

«4f^|;i ^KI'fM praranibht m. beginning, com- 
i^ji ^VJM paras, m. the name of a tree 

(Bu^frondosa) ; oakum, made of the bark of that 
tree. 8. 

0^]ji 'f^PT^f m. a bearded dart, s, 

^t|^ ^TCI^ jTroAtf, deadi expired, s. 

^Im»1;> invnf prasad, m. a temple, a palace, s. 

C1am»I;> m}^ paragt, defeated, s. 

^^ ^UVm parSit^iOf f. death, extinction ; 

drowsiness, t, [piation. s» 

C««9^t;> xmfWprajcAt^, m. atonement, ex- 

^m^]ji W^n praaak, m. a die, dice. s. 

ii^l^S^WWfjfW pra jafi^'^,innate»inherent..<. 

jii\A ^^t^^X^ paroik^r^ the father of the poet 

VySsa. f. [dent s, 

CJjlii)j> mvfW paraikrii, subject, depen^ 

iSj^);i ^Tff^ pardskart, m. a beggar, a wan- 
dering mendicant, s. 

{Sj^^j>„ '^fffPm par^krai, dependent, relying 

upon smother; m. dependence, t, 
\iJ^]J^'^TPSmpara8hraya,f.& parasite plant.5. 

^]a VUW parak, m. a religious obligation 

of an expiatory kind, fostlng for twelve days and nights, 
and keeping the mind attentive and organs subdued ; 
a sacrificial swoid. «. 

dti\j Kmprak, before, prior, preceding ; east, 

eastern ; i^t dawn, early. «. 

j^\a inWC pakar, m. an inclolure, a fence, 

a rampart, particularly a lurroundlog wall elevated 
on a mound of earth, s, 

jXi^UJU Jn^liWJ^irt prak'phalgmt, f. the 

eleventh lunar asterism. s. 

^J:^J,'mWf|praktant old,prior,former. prak- 

tOH-kanna, m. any act ^rmerly done j fote, destiny. *. 

o/i;> Unpr prakrit, low, common, vulgar ; 

natural ; belongittg to the Prakfiti, iliuiory, material 
m. a dialect demed from the Samkrit, s, 


V, ( 180 

lil^O,^ in^nmm prakHt bhdshd, f. a 

popular dialect formed from the Sanskrit language. 
In the Sanskrit plays, the illiterate, and generally the 
fcmtiles. speak Prakxit. The Prakfit and Pali are 
very clearly Sanskrit corrupted, smoothed down, and 
simplified. Some have maintained that, on the con* 
Irary, Sanskrit is merely a refinement on the former. 
This is about as rational as sajring that Latin was de- 
rived from the present Italian or Spanish, s. 

J^/^-^HlA^ W^nTfrgni prdkrit-pralai, m. the 

'* total dissolution of the world, s, 

J^^^J^hi HTfinit prdkrit-JTvar, in. com- 
mon or usual fever, s, 

J^Cj>J^\j> WflriH^ prdkrit-miira, m. a na- 
tural friend or ally. «. [valour. «. 

m/^j> "^ItrsW pardkram, m, ability, poiwer, 
ifJ^}A 'TCnBift pardkrami, bold, powerful, 

"stout, t. [or time. «• 

J^itiJU) mi4t4kl9 prdk-kdl, m. former age 
k1J\j\VXX'1 pardffy ra. the pollen or farina of 

a flower; fragrant powder used after bathing; tlie 
name of a mountain, s. 

vi/L> inn prdf^, m. the ancient name of 

Ilahabadt vulg. Allahabad, t. 

jl^^K> ivnmn prdg-hhd^Oy m. prior exis- 
tence ; superiority, excellence, s. 
jl^lj nifHTT prdg-^hhdfO, m. antecedent 

privation, non-existence of a thing which may yet be ; 
the non-possession of property which may yet be poa- 
eessed. s. 

^jJi5_^vl/l^) HmnftfiW prdg-jyotish, m. a 

country, Kamrup, part of Assam, the scene of Brah- 
ma's penance, s. [precursor, s, 

^\^<i/];J in"nift prdg-gdmt, going before, a 
»\^\i\jl nrr^i"! prdgalbhya, m. confidence, 

boldness, arrogance, s, 

^i^\jpardgandagiy£.dispeTBion^deteo,U p. 

lC^iS\j pardganda, dispersed, scattered, p, 

^\A WV\pi'dgt/dy f. knowledge, understand- 
ing ; a clever woman. «. [domr c. 

^y^}j> HT^rV prdgyatwa, m. learning, wis- 
J^\ji HHWTiT prdgya-mdny m. respect for 

learned men. pragya-mantt adj. respecting learned 

men. », 

^]j>, W^l prdgya, chief, principal, s, 

9^\j> in? prdgyay wise, clever ; m. ^pandit ; 
a learned or clever man. «. 

iwi^^jX imsft prdgyif f. the wife of a Brahman ; 

a clever woman, t. 

{})j> ^K\<S pardly f. straw, stubble. «. 

^(3Jjj m^ai paralabdh, f. fate, predestina- 
tion, venture, chance. ». 

iO^^\A\j^WnffSl prdmddyaf m. a tree (Ju$tioia 
adhtnotoda); madnessi freniy, intoxication, t. 

) IH 

<^A^^]/^ inwifira prdmdnik, adj. possessing 

authority ; a president, the chief of a trade ; a learned 
man, one able to quote his authorities, s. 

«JL>U|^ T(mfWlifprdmdnya,m*B.uihontj, proof.«. 
(J^];i '^^fKXW^pardmarsh, m. counsel, advice, 

consideration, reflection, discrimination, judgment, s, 

U^JytU) vnp^t^mpardmodhand, m. coaxing, 

wheecHing. «. 

{jjl 3^niff purdn or purdnUy m. the Hindu 

mythological books, generally reckoned eighteen in 
number (v. preface to Wilson's translation of the 
Fisl^nu purana), s. 

^^]ji VJ^ prdn or pardn, m, breath; soul, 

life ; sweetheart, mistress ; poetical talent or inspira- 
tion ; a title of Brahma* the supreme spirit; an aspira- 
tion in the articulation of letters, s. 

{^)ji irow pardnnuy adj. living at another's 

expense ; m. food supplied by another, s. 
w|^> ycro purdnd, old, ancient, jf. 

^5/J MiMI pardnd, n. to mn, to flee. s. p, 

\S\j} ^O^ purdnd, a. to fill, to make full; 

also (in Dakh.) to pierce, to bore, to string pearls. /<. 

^irJ ri^l'HI pirdnd, n. to have pain, be [)ain- 
fuL 9. [fatal. ^ 

S£^Wv^iH WfW^ prdndpahdrl, deadly, 
^Ulbi^U^ VnnftlvfnV prdnddhindth, m. a 

husband, as lord over life. i. 

CI^O^> HTQPif prdndnty m. death, s, 

<j!AjjU]^ aW l PHm prdndntik, fatal, destruc- 
tive of life; m. murder, s, 
^bOL> mmmiH prdndydm, ro. breathing in 

a peculiar way through the nostrils during the mental 
recitation of tho names or attributes of some deity: 
the Vaidyas close the right nostril with the dminU 
and inhale tliroufh the left; then they close both 
nostrils, and finally open the right for exhalation, s. 

<Jbi3b^U> ummM prdn-badhf m. extreme peril, 
fear of life. s. [another's cost, s, 

C5^^ a)!H ''ITlwhft pardnna'bh(gt,\ivmg at 

CU>^]y> HT^Rflr prdn-pati, m. soul's lord, 
a husband, s. 

^^^j>l*))j>, UTOfffinn prdn-pratishthd, m. 

the ceremony of imparting life to an idoL s. 
^^lu)ji '^'^^^^^^^'^ prdn-praddf f. a medicinal 

plant, commonly caUed riddhi, s. [end. t, 

CloL> nPir prdnt, m. edge, margin, border, 
CL/Ij5^^|^ Tmrntprdn-tydg, m. abandoning 

life, dying, suicide, i. 

^^)jl mW pardnthd, m. a kind of cakp> 

paste. A. 

c)^)H ^^'^'^^'^ prdnjalif f. putting the hands 

together to the forehead, a mark of respect, ft 

(M)^*^o!H W'^'^nTW prdn^dhdran, m. bu*- 
tenance, supporting lift. #. 


^^}j>'^tPiWt paransd, f. the practice of me- 
dicine, adminiBtcring remedies. «. 

^*^{:))ji UWHH\ prdn-gama, f. a wife, con- 
sidered as equal to life. s. 

^ M M i ^^Vy> Ulfliiw prdri'sanyam, m. a pecn- 

Uar reHgions exerdse, tnspending breatb. $. 

*'^]/i nrapf pranak, m. an animal or sentient 

being ; a plant (CeUit onentalu). $. 

^^^];> HRPnipraw-maii, endowed with breath 

or life. prSn-Mol-^ofAp m. one of the cases or recep- 
tacles of the son!, the vital or organic case. «. 

'^^tt^lH WIRT^ prdn-ndth, m. a husband, s. 
vl^i^j UWil prdnant, m. a sort of colly- 

rinm. s. 
{j^]ji Hwtm\ prdnaniiy f. sn^zing, hiccup. *. 
iij(£)!H WlPini prdn-vyaif m. loss of life, 

death, s, 

<A^ci^ Unjfrtt /?ra«-Aart,1 deadly, mor- 
j^^)];J HOTP ;?ra»-Aar, / tal. «. 

cj];i WWft 2»ra»i, endowed with life, an ani- 

maL 1. 

y^olH WWTH prdnrydird^ f. support of 
life, subsistence. 9. [animals, i, 

Ijfcljgilli hiWImIsi prdrii^rd, f. cruelty to 
(j^>|H ^1^9 prdnesh, m. a husband, as so- 

Terelgnoflife. s. 

^^^ ini^n prdneihd, f. a wife. *. 
^'^(J'ijJ HHftflW! jpram-mata, f. a mother, s. 
C^tJ^ HiW)(^ii prdnt'hit, favoarable or 

good for living beings. #. • 

*— *^jji];J JH^ntm prdnhhinsd, f. doing 
harm to a living creature. #. 

^j)H ^^^^ prdvatj m. barley. *. 

^j];i ^il1# pardvarl, m. reversal of a 

aen t ence. pardvart-bywahdrt m. appeal (in law), j. 

^in ^TO^ pardvriit, reversed (as a 
Judgment). [doak. #. 

!;j!H ''f prdvrtt, m. veil, a wrapper, a 
})j> W^ftr prdvjritti^ f. an inclosure, a 
fence, a hedge. «. [about July and August s, 

cAjI/J Hf^ prdvjrish^ f. the rainy season, 
ii*^^^Sj W^^WOft pravrUhdyant, f. cowacb 

Vji ^JH W^I^ prdvrulienya, m. the JTa- 

tfomft tree (NaacilBa cadamba), t, [fulness. «. 

tMlj^j^Wi^ prdv'inya, m, cleverness, skil- 

*lfl ^TCH pardh, f* flight, a general emi- 
gntion ; m. the next day. t. 

CI^IH ^'^ pardhnaf m. the afternoon, the 

latter part of the day. $, 

i 181 ) v^ 

^.|;i "TOHIT pardyd, strange, foreign, belong- 
ing to another, s. 

^^^}ji VfU^pardyatt, dependant, subject. s» 

*3S1H P^^^i^^^ (pl- <>f pdrcha, Gilch.) 
scraps, bits, &c. p. 

C^a tf *^'!^^ Uniftnr prdyaskckUt, m. expia- 
tion, penance, prayashchiti-vidfii, f. rules for pe- 
nance. «. 

^.|;J '^TO'TO jt?arayan, in. adherence to a pur- 
suit, attachment to, dependence on; adj. adhering or 
attached to, depending upon. s. [death, s. 

{:^)ji Wnro pray an, m. death, voluntary 

*?.J;i WW pf*^y^f adj. like, resembling; (in 

comp.^ m. fasting to death, as a religious act ; quan- 
tity, aoundance. t. 

--^ ^VTV j)arb, m. gem, a flat diamond, k* 
^j> V^ parahy m. a holiday, anniversary 

feast, a sacred day. 9, [travelling, journey. #. 

Ly^^A IVWns prahdsy m. residing abroad, 
ij*^j^ Wrnft prabdsty one who resides 

** abroad, a foreigner, stranger, traveller. «. 

{J**^ji ^^^^^ pur-hdsi, the inhabitants of a 

"city or town. 9. 

J^ IIWT9 prdbilf m. coral, s. 

(j\fji parbdnl, f.' a species of tax assessed on 

the cultivators of the loil. a. 
^^yt WT? prdbdJi, m. tide, stream. «. 
O^ V^ parhat, m. a mountain, s, 
(J^^ "^V^lrt parbattf m. a mountaineer, a high- 


lander. 1. 

^Jfjl H^nl parbatt, f. la production of 

4-»irJ "tWrit jwirfta%5, m. J the hills ; a 
kind of pumpkin, s. 

J^(^j> Xt^ prabuddka, wise, learned, j;. 

fi^jijl "^iWV par^brahm, m. the supreme 
being. «. 

^^/*^J. ^"WTO 2^ar-&fl*, dependent, precarious, 

depending on the wiU of another. 9. 

^^^A '"TOreft jyar-ban, f. de])cndencc. .*. 

J^J ^IT^I^J par-bal or lW^;>ra-&(rf, predomi- 
nant, superior, prevalent, violent 9. ' ' 

iJ^^TW^np*'''^^'^ or HW^ jif'a&aZa, predo- 
minant, &c. (v. par-bal), 9. [pcriority. s. 

^>1^ 1IW9in pral^aZa^a, f. predominance, su- 

^i3J^^> im^ prabandhy m. a kind of song; 

style, composition (of a discourse) ; continuous appli- 
cation, unintemiptedncss ; a connected discuBsion or 
narrative ; praUmdh-kaipna, f. a fiction, a work of imagi- 
nation. 9. 

t^^j>, jpft^ prabodh, m. vigilance, wakeful* 

ness; understanding, wisdom ; consciousness, awaking; 
demonstration consolation, persuasion, t. 



Ijkii^ wHWin prabodhttdf f. aspeoies pf the 

AHjagati metre, s. 

^*^^yh\ Wftm prabodhan, m. awakening, 

arousing; instructing; perBuaaion, prejudice, s. 
\^,> Tt^pi'ahka, f. splendour ; light. «. 
O W^. WTIf prabhaty m. dawn, morning. «. 
^jV^j^ wmh prabhdtip sung in a tune (or 

** ragint), peculiar to morning. 9, 

U**^jt ''^'^ prabhaty m. a place of pil- 
grimage in the west of India, s, 
U»W;> ^ifiMniT paribhdshdf f. a technical 

term ; the interpretation of a grammatical rule of 
Pauini; (in medicine) prognosis; abuse, ridicule. #. 

j^W/i IMTW prabhd'har, nji. the sun j the 

moon ; lit. the light maker. *. 

cuj^5^^ -mv^ prabhd'kitf f. the fire-fly- $. 

•— ^Wti iroirn p&r-bhdgf m. excellence, su- 
periority ; good fortune ; residue, remainder. «. 
M^4J;?, IWT^ prabfidfiy m. light, radiance. #. 
ij^^ji WW! prabhdnjanj m. a tree {Hy- 

peranthera morunga), s. 

jW?i '^'^ prabhdrVf m. power, strength, 

influence, prosperity, felicity; m^esty, dignity; spirit. #. 

J 14^ ''ifiWT^ pari-bhdfOf m. disrespect, con- 
tempt, disg^race. s, 

a^j^ H«lr prahhut, m. 1 ability, govem- 
Ij^y. UHin parbhutd, f. J ment, liberty, 

option, superiority, influence, legislation. 8. 

Cj^j^jI ^t^ ^ar-&Art7, cherished or nou- 
rished by a stranger, foetered, adopted; m. th« Indian 
cucIloo, -which is supposed to leave its egga in the nest 
of the crow to be hatched, s, 

^j^A ^^^ prabhriti, f. manner, kind 5 

et cetera, otheirs, rest (in eomp>). #. 

fl^jl ^'iftOT paribhram, in. wandering, go- 
ing about, error, s, [graded, deprired ot «. 

tJLyS»^s> ^vifCOT paribhrashty fallen, de- 

^A ^^^ prabhaw, born, produced; su- 
perior, powerful; the operative cause or immediate 
origin of being, s. 

3^jt '^> Wl^prabhu, m. commander, lord, 

master, principal ; adj. strong, able, eternal. #. 

3^jl ^rt^W paribhav, m. disrespect, dis- 
grace. *. [voted, s. 

C^i^^^) H^HlK prabhu-bhakt, feithful, de- 

^^jl "ffft^ftn paribhofff m.po8session,enjoy- 
meut **. [encmjr^ cottntry. «. 

(^•^jl Vjy^ par-bkumi, f. a foreign or an 
f^J^jlV^prabhed,m. kind, sort, difference. 9. 
{j^ji Vf^ probes y m. admittance, access. $• 
t^*^AV^t^ prabesi, penetrating, entering. «. 

(jrO^> infhv prahiUy knowing, intelligent, ac- 
complished, skilfui #. 

( 1«2 .) ^A 

Ua^ mtaWT proUiiaitt, f. knowledge, 

skill. .«. 

^A ^parpf m. a wheel chair. $• 

{J\)i gPm i J paripdfiy ft order, method, 

"arrangement, arithmetic. «. 

ulJbv. ^ft^rm paripdk^ m. maturityi perfeo- 

tioD; clevemets; digestion. #. 

j^by> MfiM l ftlifl paripdkinly f. A dhig (Cbn- 

vliJ^y^ ^ft^Mlft i H r parqfdlHy protected, che- 
rished! *. [cherishing. »- 
{J^\)i ^(Vm9^ paripdlauy m. protecting, 
«^^^ nfimnif p^aJl7f<fi»iaAa, tn. A paternal 

great-gprandfather. «. 

;^fi^^}ji Hftnn*^ pmjH'«5maAt, f. ft patcp- 

** nal great grAnd-mother. t. 

^iiA>»> ^^l^parpaty m. a medicinal plant with 

bitter leav«s(OMefi/amfta b\/lora or Gardenia latifolia), a. 

A,«i(iLi>Jirt7lrtfj:/arpa(-rfrM7?*,m.bdellinto. s, 
^^.irtrrt parpath f. a thin crisp cake made 

**of any pulse. 8. 

*Hji ^'^^ /)ar-parf, m.eminence, high station ; 

mial felicity. «. 

^irJjv ^^ ' ^^'^^ parpardndy n. to smart, ft. 
c£Alb\y •> HITTO?^ pcirpardhaty f. acrimony, 
smarting. A. [or dependailtt of another. ». 

>/;hi M^MTililt par-parigraky m. the fktnily 
*JUi> y t|T3rt par-pushty m. the KohUa or 

IndllnWw. f [A pMHtf te pUAt. a. 

\jLS^ J ifnvY par-pnsktdy f. a harlot, a whore; 

Uw>y Mfl^MUiiM paripushkardy f. a sort of 

cttcttmber (Oicttwi* madraipiUmnay •• 
jaiS J ^vftlTSR paripakrva^ cooked, mature ; 

shrewd ; digested, paripakwaia, t matwilf { petfee- 
tion; shrewdness; digestion. «. 

<^.^y, Wl^nt^ prapaldytiy wuted, de- 
feated! V [ningiltray. #. 
^:)>:HA WWWH prapaldyany m. flight, run- 
^ci^l^ inrBJrft prapalayi, m. a fugitive, 

^he who deserts his cause. #. 

CJl>J ^air 2>«»'*P^«^ immersed, ihundated, 

bathed. ». [inandatlOiL #. 

^j> ^lflGW|)aW|?iav,m. bathing, immersing, 
Uj J ilinnjprapttnn3,f. a «ort ofgrafl8(ife<(jr- 

tammlilliaji). «. (CwrfB tor©). *. 

j^ti Wnt Jjrfl|)ttnar, m. sort of cassia 
ts¥^lA ^^^^^ paripantht, m. an enemy, 

**a robber, a bandit t. 

4'ljl '''^^ prapanch or ^X^^ porpanch, til* 

fraud, cheat, imposition, deceit, treachery art, artifice; 
opposition ; prolixity, copiousneii In sty!© j error, H- 
lusion. s. 



Cl'^^mf^^r)mljNlftcAtey erring, mistaken; 

deceived. begnUed ; dedwed AiUy , tl«ated at length, s. 

ijg^^^^^^ prapancht or iVt^nft parpaHchtf 

imktioiu, fraudulent, artful, s, 

^^j>,'^9tfttmparpotd, m. a great-grttndfcJrt. A. 
jjiH^ TOtlftjpa»7?o<i, f. agreat-granddaugh- 

" ter. k. 

J>^^ irfN prapautra, m. a great-grandson. 

profMtrl, f. a great-granddaugliter. *. 
C-*?-^^ i^rvMTvin paripujit, seryed, Wor- 
shipped, adored. *. [adoring, t. 
iJ^^nA '"'ft^JnT patipujan, m. worBhipping, 
't;^^ H^rtft*! prapurika, f. & prickly night- 

ahade (&)2amMiyac7ittii«). s, [ful. #. 

{2lp^^ ^<1ji jJropfiriia or j^arpMran, brim- 
^;jj^>;i ^^ paripuma, full, complete?, 

eontent paripumaia, t completion, 8atietj« «. 

*iAi;i3^i HWhS^iNf prapaundarik, m. a 

miall herbaoeoua plant, used in tw^^r^y^y^ and ai a per- 
fume, comnKmly caUed punfefjfB, t. 

J4>^ MR praphuU, blown, as a flower; 

amiliiir, ^ad; Bhbhig. prd^t-ita^dA, havtto|( AUI 
or sparkling eyes, profkuli-vadan, having a chMriul 
•miUiig eountenattce. a 

wI. A^> j^ SjAnf praphuUU, bloBsoiniiigi in 

btosoait gay, Urtfy, cheeiAd* #. 

4^^ ^^ p^ffOMfh, m. ft dttpjiicatd (<tf 

a hill of exchange), k, 

J^^ ^Vft^ partpdy irt. a fragt^nt grass 

(C^sni^nej n>^MRf«f ). *. [attratuku. A. 

> ^ror parat, m. a fold, plj, layer, crust, 

^ Vfir /iraff, Sansk. prep, (used in ooinp.) 

it gencsrallT denotes repetition, oontinnit^ vetaliatioa, 
or retribunon. $, 

13|> imiTjMiHa»m*are»l (for wiiidiftgiliraacl).*^ 
Kij^ ifTHT pariBf agreeable to, conformable 

with. jDltrIa, fully, completely, t, 

v-*>\3;> partdbf m. the range of a musket, 

arrow, oce. pm 

u^\3^ Vill^ pratSp^ m. splendour } imiirag«» 

glory, potency, prosperity, felicity. #, 

^^ji ^rfbfW paritapf m. pain, anguish 5 a 

division of faelL «. 

^j-^\3^^ Htffl^ prat&pas, m. ifae gigantic as^ 

dephn with white floWetft. t. 
^j;>V5^ttrRT|?ra/5pan, m. a hell. ^ 

u'j^^ WinnTH pratap-wan, 1 glorious, 
fi^jj Hirnrt prat apt, J potent. «. 

0,\3^ VHlfor pratdrit, cheated, deceived. 5. 
^J^ji innrff pratarak, m. a cheat. ^. 

( 188 ) ^ji 

{:}J^jl Vftngt pra-idran, m. 1 fraud, cheating^ 

^J^ji WWTOTT pra^tdmd, f. J deceit. <• 

w^ ^WT^ partcUy also partat-jarib, re- 
measurement of a field. «.p. 

^>^ iniPf pratdny m. a diseasei fainting, 

epilepsy. «. 

\^^j>jfK^npratibimb9 %k\%opratibimhk,m. 

an image or picture, the leEection of an image or figure 
from a mirror. •. [prohibition, obstacle. «. 

Si^lf)^ nffl^^ ^jratihandhf m. interruption, 

Viii^jlf)^ irflfT'inR pratibandhak, one who 
forbids, impedes, or interrupts ; m. an impediment, s. 

^^ji iflwT pratibhB, f. understanding, in- 
teUeeti sharpness; light, splendour. «» 

jl^y> nGmiH pratibhdfOy m. corresponding 

character or disposition, t. [vided. s, 

{*^^j{ tiftffiW pratihhinn, separated, di* 
3^A Vthoi^pi-atibhu, m. a surety. «. 
j^^^jJ^ Hftrw pratibhai, formidable, fear- 

"ful; m. fear. «. 

^) * U^ j ;^ irfff^^ pratibhedan^ mi piercings 

penetrating; dividiag. «. 

^liUS^ irPiI'Ml^tf pratipadan, m. gift ; ascer- 
taining, determining. «. 

JU3;> lrftnnt$ pf^ntipal, m. patronising, tui- 
tion, fostering, t«aring» breeding, cherishing. 9, 

w£Ji)l^^ HflrvnSPl pratipdlaky m. oherisheri 

patroB. t. [ridiiBg, Ite. (Vi prot^ia/). #. 

;vPl|fi^ lAnifpvr pratipaian^ m» actof che- 
U5l^ Wftl T^ lcgMI pratipalna, a. to foster, 

cherish, rear. s. 

Caa^ Vfinnf praiipatf f. the first day of 

a lunar fortnight ; ranlL, consequence. #• 

Cj^j> Vflff^ftf pratipaitiy f» fitme, reputation; 

knowledge, ascertainment. «. 
i\^^ nfif^ pratipad, f. the first day of a 

lunar fortnight ; adv. step by step, continually, s, 

y^j^A irfSnnW pratiprasav, m. precept for 
an act which, under other circumstances, is forbidden, s, 

iSh^ji ^rt^J?*^ pratipuru^, adv. etery 

man, man by man. #. 

{^j^ irflniW pratipann, known, certain, s. 
tiWyS^ Hfk^finV pratipujah, m. a reverer, 

6ne who does homage. 9, 

{:fr^ji Hflrjjnr patHplujan, m. exchange 

of civilities, mutual reverence; offering homage. «. 

J^ i>1lfinV9 j^ro^^Aa^ m. return, requital, 

retaliation. #. [mdody. #. 

JIjG;^ irftnn^ pratUaly m. a kind of air or 
\^j^ 1|firft||T pratijihvd, f. the uvula, or 

soft palate. #. 


( IW ) 


e)Jsi^ irfinftw^ pratijivaUf m. resuscita- 
tion, s. [repeatedly, meditating, s, 
^JijJiji^ irfiirf^tinf pratichintan, m. thinking 

w^jl MiifWk partachk, obvioos, present, ap- 
parent, public; adv. before,- in the preienoe. s» 

^}^ji irfirwn pratichhaya, f. an image, 

a statue, a picture, s. 

^)14>5^ Tlflf^ni praiidanj m. the return of 

a deposit ; barter ; giving back, or in retnm for. ». 

\.^4>3^ linir^yi pratidishd, adv. everywhere^ 

all around. «. 

O'H^ *irdr<fi pratidtTif day after day, daily. «. 
^jly^iX)^ H fniinn pratidhimn, m. 1 echo,re80- 
^j^tXJ^ 1irHI4r«l pratidhwani, f. J nance. *. 

j3l^ HflrCTf pratirdtra, m. every night. *. 
^)];3;> ''ift^inif paritrdUf m. preserving, pro 

tecting. «. [ing. 5. 

{j^^j>, HficnW pratirakshan, m. preserv- 
L^jj^ HfinCT pratirup, m. a picture, an 

image. «. [impediment, s. 

J^^^^Jf, Hfildv pratirodk, m, opposition, 
^iSsb^jJij^Vfw^l^npratirodfuiItAm, a thief, 
L^^^yjit ''fl'''^^ pratirodhi, J a robber. *. 

^i>;^«««^ irfinnir pratUparddhd, f. emula- 
tion, rivalry. «• [emulous; refractory. t» 

^4>;X«J^ nOlWJl pratisparddhx, envious, 
«L3^ Hfirat jt?ra<f5ar, m. cicatrizing; a form 

of incantation; a itring worn round the hand at 
nuptials. «. 

kf-^^J^ ICfinsA pratisarg, m. the portion of 

a Puriln, which treats of the destruction and renova- 
tion of the world ; secondary creation by agents of one 
Supreme Deing. «. 

9j\xJij>^ nftHEin^ pratisydyay ra. catarrh, s. 

cLwl3|>^?fC^|'art<ii«^f, pleased, delighted, s. 
,^j113^) XfiK8 pratishtkf famous. $, 

\^ i lll v vffCBl pratishthd, f. consecration of 

a monument erected in honour of a deity, or of the 
image of a deity ; celebrity, renown ; endowment of 
a temple ; portioning a daughter ; a form of metre, 
conBisting of a stanza of four lines of four syllables 
each, s, 

^,V^jl15^ Vfinn«f pratisktkdn, m. site, situa- 
tion ; the capital of the early kings of the lunar dy- 
nasty, opposite to Allahabad ; the capital of S&livahan 
in the Dakbin. «. 

>>j^ mf^SftlX pratUkthit, famous* cele- 
brated; consecrated; endowed; situated, established. «. 

>iXl^ Hfiintl pratUhiddfia, forbidden, pro- 
hibited. *. [or doubt. *. 

9jJ^j^ Hflv^lfl pratishankd, f. constant fear 
^'i^ Hfinpn pratishyd, f. catarrh, s. 


^SxiJj^ Vflf^ pratishedh, prohibition, ex- 
ception, contradiction, t, 

y^ji VfkWR, pratihdrf^m, revenge, reta- 
liation ; remedying, counteracting. «. 

^^ifijl uHlV^I pratiharma^ ro. retaliation, 

requital ; remedy, redress. «. 

^^;C|,J nfffftlMI pratikriyd, f. retumt re- 
quital ; remedying, counteracting. «. 

{^X^ji irfinfir pratikshan, adv. momen- 
tarily, every moment, f. 

JjM^ Vfk^gf pratikulf contrary, adverse, 

inverted ; contradictory, perverse. «. 

\:ij^j^ Jtfinf^Wl pratikulatdf f. opposition, 

hostility, t, [verberating. «. 

iiJ^j^jl HfliniN pratigarjan, echoing, re- 

^j^ji Vflrff^ pratigrahf m. proper dona- 
tion to Brihmans ; the acceptance of such a gift s, 

0\^£J^ Vflrarw pratigkdty m. a return 

blow, rebound; warding off a blow; preventing, s, 

^l^^J^ liniNIA*! pratighdtan, m. killing, 
slaughter. «. [tile, opposed to. «. 

Jl^Ti^ Hfinmrt pratighdtl, repelling, hos- 
tjX3y> irfinirT pratigyd or pratignyd, f. an 

i^freement, compact, stipulation, engagement, promise ; 
(m logic) the proposition, the assertion to be proved. 
pratigyS-ptUrnUCf m. a bond, a written contract. «. 

OUG^ Vfl(9tn pratigydtf promised, agreed, 

admitted, asserted, t, 

i)^ ^^ni9 part€df m. f. the baggage of a 

horseman, carried all on one bullock or faffm (a pony). 
portal ha faffu, a pack-horse, a bat-horse, h. 

^jl llA(j& pratal, m. one of the seven divi- 
sions of the lower regions, «. 

^j^ V!ljK^ part€dd, m. a sword-belt. A. 

i^Aj)^ llfll^m pratUafnbh, m. censure, re- 
viling, abuse, s, 

f!^ji VflX^t^ pratilom, left, not right j re- 
verse, inverted ; low, vUe, base. «. 

Jtij^ pirtam, the earth, the world, d, 
f^ ^TWT partatn, greatest, supreme, s. 

U^ irfiPlT pratimdf f. likeness, image, sta- 
tue, picture, p. [monthly. «. 
^jal^ 1|f(Pfra pratimds, every month, 
ij^ji irflnn«f pra^iman, m. resemblance, 

image, picture. #. [of rot «. 

o^ ^ »>^ Iffinrf^fVT j?ra<tmt?«/itAa, f. a kind 
1^5^ ^IRT pritnd, f. an army; a division 

consisting of 243 elephants, as many chariots, 729 
horses, and 1215 foot. s. 

^^j^ Iff^Km^pratindd, ro. echo, resonance, g. 




( 185 ) 


J- nOlDirv pratinidhiy nt. a resem* 

blaoce, image ; a gnraty ; a substitute, r, 

(jSJo^ Hfirf^ pratinish, by night, every 

ni^bt. t. 

y^ partau or partav, m. light, the sun- 

beama, raysof ltgbt»eoligbtenm€nt p. [pi jr. «. 

^ty^ VfiRTV prativdch, f- an answer, a rc- 
,c«3^^5^ HfiRF(t prativadt, m. a defendant, 

arespoodent. «. [neighbouring. «. 

j^^j3^ HfiRWft prativasi, a neighbour, 
^\^^ HfiRHM prativdkffa, id. a replyt an 

answer. «. [echo, t 

{^^ji U^ill^^ praiivachan, m. a reply, an 

(jiy;> ^iftift'l paritoih, m. pleasure, de- 
light, i. KBetula), i. 
U»^5^ HfilfWl prativuha, f. a plant 
<M«^yt> nfilftv pra^tf imi, m. a resemblance, 

image, shadow. «. 

^ J^ m^ j9f-a<ttni, f. pain Bhooting from 

" the rectum along the bowels. «. 

«3^ ^Vftcin paritOj around, ail round. 3. 
^A H^ V^hUy m. the fifth monarch of the 

cnltinite the earth, &c &c ; f. a pungent seed (Nigella 
fndiea); a medtdnal substance commonly called 
Hmgmpalrl, t, [morial custom, s, 

V^3j W prathuj f. fame, celebrity ; imme- 

^^^IJj HflTEnr pratihas, m. a shnib. *(i\r(0- 
WMtetforam). #. [declared. «. 

tJlr^^^ nfVnr pratkii, famous, celebrated; 

TriVifirpra</«'<f,f. celebrity, notoriety. «. 

Hfll^ pratihat, disappointed, op- 
posed, obstructed; overthrown. 9. 
iS^f^JJlfiK^fffpratihatit f. disappointment, s. 

tii^3^ Vn prathuhf m. the young of any 

anImaL «. 

y-^^A inWf prathak or ^Wl prithaJi, sepa- 
rate, apart. p^Uhak-pamh f. a plant {HemionUes cor- 
difolia), prithak-IWQt m. individuality, separateness. 
prithak-twacha, f. a plant, commonly called jlfdrva 
(j^uurrirra zeiilanica\ prithakkpt, separated, sun- 
dered. priikak'kaFan, m. separating, distinguishing. «. 

U»T 't^^ y ^^'IIIMI prithag-atmOf individual- 

ised spirit, or that of an individual as detached from 
the universal spirit, prithag-gun, having distinct pro- 
perties. prithag'Vidh, various, diversified, t. 

^J TWI pratkamy first, in the first place. 

^praiham-sahas, the first or lowest d^ree of punish- 
ment. «. 

i<^j\ ^If^t ftffWft, rj^vdprathml,pirthamt, 

-or ptiihaml, f. the world, earth, ground. ». 
L-Vj) "RftlflSin praiihinsd, f. retaliation, re- 
venge, t. 

J^^ji ^r^ prithudar, large-bellied, corpu- 
lent ; m- a ram. s. 

i^^yi'^f^ pTithwl or '^ftwft ;?W<Atvi, f. the 

earth. prUhwUlal, m. the surface of the ground. 
prithwl, f. a pungent seed {Nigelia Indica) ; a medi- 
cinal substance and condiment, Hingupatri, t. 

J^^y^ji Y^bU. l^rtMwi-irAar, m. a species 

of the atyasti metre. «. 

J^i/^V^ ^ftl^ ^l g prithivi'pai, 1m. a 
'^^^V^Airi ^''^^^'fi^ pritkivi-pati, f king, a 
^^{^^ji ^vi^iIhui prithivi-nathy) sove- 
reign ; lit. cherishor or lord of the eartli. «. 

{^^y^ ^^ pvMht or pirthly the earth. «. 
^y^v^A ^rhngr jt?nV/ti-;7a/, ^kiug, sove- 

^U^^y^i^ yt/hn^ pritht-nath,) reign ; lit. 
cherisher or lord of the earth. «. [ground, /i. 

i^jl MMI partly f. waste or uncultivated 
viLui»>U->;> HWf^V pratyddisht, removed, 

set aside ; informed, warned ; declared, c. 

^jftjjlj^lWl^pra<yrtrffi«/t, m. information, 

apprising, warning, declaration. «. 

^^aJ^ ITWT^ pratydahdy f. hope, expecta- 
tion, desire, pratyatht, hoping, s, 

^^j>, ^ftnPT paritydgy m. abandonment, 

quitting, paritydgl, a^j* abandoning. «. , 

j\lblj3^ HiqiCK/r/Y/fya/iar, m. (in gram.) com- 
bination of two or more letters of the alphabet to form 
a class of letters. «. 

.KxjJ^ TXK^ngtK^praiyapaJidry ra. a return of 

kindness or assistance, pralyiipakarh Bdj, returning 
a kindness, s. 

iilAjJ^ Hlftw pratlt or ^rortw parttt, famous, 

renowned ; f. fiiith, confidence, parttl-k.^ to examine, 
to believe, to trust, s. 

C^a3^ mrtftr pratlti, f. knowledge, under- 

standing; fame, notoriety, s. 

^^;Ajjo^ TmFm pratyutpanna, reproduced. 

regenerated ; multiplied ; m. the product of a multi- 
plication. «. 

J^ji IT^^pra^^ut^ar, m. a retort, or return 

of answer for answer. «. 

^V^jijL)^ ll^MM pratyutthdn, m. rising from 

a seat as a mark of respect j . 

fj^j>, inft^ prattchxy f. the west quarter. 

"pratlchtn or pm/icAyo, western. «. 

^^jjj^^ irip^lT pratyudgaman, m. rising 

from a seat, going forth to meet any one. t* 

j^j>^ VjUxpratiVy m. a shore or bank. s. 
f^^-%J^jlT(jifl(^praiyashman,m» red chalk.f. 

c£L3^ tnftw praithf contrary, adverse, re- 
versed; m. a limb, a part. «, 

( 186 ) 

uSJbj^ 1l?n|[ pratyak, ■ubeequent^ uniforiD. 

pratyak-parm or pratyak-put^i, 1 a plant {AehffroHtket 
aspera\ preUyak-shreni, f. a plant, oommonly called 
Danti ; a plant {SaMtiia cueuuata), a 

jQoS^ inft^$Jl.pratthdrf m. reyenge^ retalia- 
tion ; obtiating, remedying, c 

Om^ ^ftsnparityaktf void^ deprived of| 

abandoned, a. C'^plj- '• 

wI^xjL)^ IT^ftR pratyuhti, f. a rejoinder^ a 
(jdXjo^ irff^j9ra^yab^, perceptible, evident, 

apparent, pratyakth-darshan, m* an eye-witneia. 
pratyaksh-pramdn, ocular or yuible proofl a. 

\JiSx>j>, Jnft^ pratlksJia, f. regard to, consi- 
deration, expectation, prattkshak, a^J* expecting { 
looking at. pratikshan, in. looking to» oonudering; 
expecting, pratikshi, expecting, s, 

f^^^j^. Wm(i pratyahshu adj. seeing, per- 

"ceiring. pra/ya/r«M-A(rtt, muufested, made visible, a, 

^ji, iniTf: pratyaha or HTVlif pratyaham, 

every day, from day to day. #« 

CIajuj^ Kiin pratyant, bordering, conti- 
guous, m. the country of Mleckhat or aavages. a, 

iZJsxij>^ Viqjp pratyang, m. an organ of per- 
ception ; adv. on the body, or the limbe Beverally. a. 

J^i^j^, HTPPSTC pratyanantar, adv. next in 

succession, a. 

u^^^jlL) mrt^nV prativap, m. calcining or 

fl«xing metals ; throwing one substance Into another, 
adding any thing to a medicine during or after deooo- 
tion ; a public calamity, a plague, a. 

^^^ji 'fi'W pratyavaya, m. disappear- 
ance, non-productkm. a, 

^^^jyin^pratyuih,m.ihe moming,dawn.«. 
^ypjl vf^mifl pratiyoffy m. opposition, 

contradiction; co-operation, association. praiUyagUd, 
£ mutual co-operation } opposition. praHytgi, m. an 
opponent ; a partner, an associate, f . [one. a, 

dlX)^j>^ H^ pratyek, each, every, one bj 
i^ji OTR praiyay or pratyaya, m. belief, 

"fiutb, trust, oonfldenoe. praiyayit, trusted, coofidentiaL 
pratyayi, trusting, believing, t . 

j^UjuJ^ UHlMm^l pratxyafMnj adj. being 

believed or trusted. «• 

j^ ^ parjj f. name of a musical mode or 

Ta^inl\ a handle of a shield, parj-ddr, basket-hUted 
(scimitar), a, 

W^ ^nJr ^r;a or OTII praja^ f. a subject, a 

tenant, a renter ; people ; progeny, prmd-dharm, m. 
the duty of children or subjects. prt^&^U, good for 
children or subjects ; kind to them. «. 

d-olftyj VWlflf praja-pat or praja-pati, m. 

a name of Brahma ; the epithet common to ten divine 
personages, who were first created by Brahma: a 
prince, lord of subjects; fisther; son-in-law, daughter's 
husband; potter, a, [room. a. 

iS^^j^ p(ir}a,e, f. custom, manner; place^ 


pj^ ^^tf^parjii, conquered, subdued* $. 

_ rA ^nnni parjatan,\ ^ 

tt ^ - . , f m. travellmff. #• 

{:}-^j> Vmm pafjatan,) ® 

{*fiJy^lfi^(^parijan, m* attendants, followers, 

suite, s. 

^^ii^j^'m^^ parjank, m. a bedstead. #• 
•y>^ '^^•A parjanl, f. a sort of curcuma 

{Curcuma xanthorhhum), a, 

''^j>j^ '^imr^parjawat, m* quit-rent, tax. s, 

CLA)y>^inff^/>ra;fi?a2t/, biasing, radiant, s. 

dJtU»o vAv9 parjyaya, m. order, arrange- 
ment, series ; tnanner, kind; oppoftmdty ; a serlei of 
of synonyms for one term. s. 

(J^jl vAtH patjyatany m. wanderingabout, 

roaming, a. [^huy. a. 

dJu^ in99ir|7ar;yan/,m. limit, term, boun- 
iiij ^ j> vA^ parjyankj m. a bedstead, s* 

^Ls^^a^ ilii^nm farjyavoAiif m. end, con- 
clusion. «. [slslenee. s. 

^^A»^ mfhfil prajivan^ m. livelihood, sub- 

g/t ftlft^ pirich, a saucer* A. 

U^ ^^parcha, f. (v. parickha) trial, exami- 
nation ; m. demonstration, proof, a, 

.^^ ifTTOporc^r or IWRprarWr, m. pub- 
lication, disclosure; appearance; custom, usage; oon- 
duct ; currency. «. [an attandant a. 

^J^ji Mfl^K4l paricharak, m* a servant, 

^^^^ H^nn |)arcAana, a. to introduce to a 
person, to engage In oonvetMtloiL #. 

^O parchatf mark, trace, effsct. d. 

fO Vlfn prachitfm* a species of metre. «• 

Ca>o ilf^f^ pariekit, known, acquainted 

with. s. 

jfy>^ Jf^prackur, much, many. «. 
{Z>>j>j>^V!^tft!l( prackarit, pursued, pznctised 

(as an art). a» 

^^J^j> Vlftypk paricharjyoj f. service de^ 

pendence; veneration, worship, a, 

(^1^^ ^4V|mrcAaA, f.deceit,trick,coaxing.A* 
dJlg^ ini91( prackalat, prevailing, circn* 

lating, customary. praehaUt, current, recognised (aa 
a laiO* prachaltM, m. being customary or current. «• 

j^j^ parcham, a flag, streamer, vane, tassel, 

pennant, ensign, p. 

^ij^ ^T^ parackna, n. to be tried, intra* 

duced, to be made acquainted, &c. s. 

i]iJ»^ inns ;7racAani,exce8siveIy hot or burn- 
ing; intolerable; wrathful, passionate, raging, mighty , 
px«dominant. prachan^-nUtrti, m. a tree (rajNAcra- 
tava), a. 


( 187 ) 



j^O iWf parchauy m. examination, &c. (v. 

parehS). t. 
C^dy>j>^ inhfijlf pra-chodit, prescribed, di- 
rected ; Bcnt, pra-ehodan, m. saying* e^oining, pre- 
■cribLag; a rale, a law; aending, dircctlog. 

J^^ji irtW^ pra-chodint, f. a prickly 

** night-ihade (Solanumjacquhu), a* 

Lk^t> ^l*ft parchunt, f. the act of selling 

" floor, meal, &c. A. 

\j^^j\ irtftpn parchumya^ m* a meal-mer- 
chant, a seller of flonr. A, [doth, web. p. 
&>^ parcka, m. fragment, scrap, bit, rag, 
V^y^ irftT parchha, m. self-grown paddy ; a 

Rnndle for winding thread on ; adj. cleared np (as the 
BKy after rain), h. 

l^jj^ J9X prickckhd, f. asking, question. 8. 
l^»».> qPiW parickehkd, f. examination. #. 
0^?Vi ^* parchhatif ^ f- image 

uV^^?::/* ntW parchhMwan, Y (from 
^^V^^O ^ri(T|[ parcAA5,i«, J *Aatic or 

r^^Htm), shadow, shade. parcMia^n <^i se bUgna, 
to be frightened at one*B own shadow, t, 

i^Z..,^^^y^ftiNsjKparichchhit,ex9Lmm pro- 
per name, grandson of Arjuna. »« 
J^ji '^rtlft parchkattt or "^^ parchhati, 
^^ta mall thatch thrown over mnd walls. #. 

^^^Aporchhatiy same as the last. d. 
S^J>, irac? parchckhad, m. a wrapper, a 

cover' t. [defect in another. *. 

j*y^j\ ''Jtf^ par-ckhidra, m. a fault or 

di^DO vr9SM prichchhahf m. an inquirer, 

an investigator. », 

^^y^Jlfynp^'Cichchhann, covered, clothed ; 

disgoised. private, secret, concealed ; partial, not nni- 
versal j ra. a private door, a lattice, a loop-hole. «. 

{;^^j>, ^SCT prickckhan, m. asking, in- 
quiring. 9. 
U4^-;»> Mi AH I jyarachhna, a. to move a lamp 

or candle over the heads of a bride and bridegroom, to 
drive away evil spirits, propitiate good ones, &c. ) to 
kindle (a fire), h, [dressing, inviting. 9. 

Ij^^o iramr prackMiandf f. asking, ad- 
jk^^^^ lyfi^f^ pari'Chhed, m. segment, divi- 

Bcction, chapter. 9. 

Vft!n paruchaiy m. acquaintance, 

'^timacy. pari-cheya, adj. to be known as an ac- 
quuntance. #. [viated from. *, 

ij^,^^j> mgir pra-ckyut, fallen from, de- 

J^ J in^ prachel, m. a yellow, fragrant 
wood. f. Cft»l- P.«- 

A>o pur-hazar, full of caution, very care- 

t^\^j> parUash, m. war, battle, conflict; 
commotioo, distnrbance, tumult ; violence, Irgury, op. 
pi €11 Inn ; severe inquisition, p. 


\^j parda (for parda), m. a veil, a screen, 

he. X adv. to-morrow, the day after to-morrow, p, 
^l^\dj>, pardaiMj f- patronising, p. 
^^\ifjl pardaMl^an (r. parddz), to finish, 

to accomplish ; (hence) to leave off, to have done, p, 
\^\djl ^i|^ pardadd, m. a great-grandfather 

by the fathet^s side, h, 

{S^^^j>f ^■T^rrft pardddt, a great-grandmother 

by the father's side, h, 

J W Mmi par-ddry f. another's wife, par- 

dar-gamant m. adultery. *. 
\\dJ parddz, performing, finishing, &c.j (used 

in comp,) as kar-pairdazt eflbcting the business, p, 
{^^ji ''^^ pradduy m. gift, donation. $, 
\j\djy^ parddnd, a. to conceal, to keep behind 

a screen (inelegant), p. 

W V ^v J 

Uul^J^ pn 


object to which respect is intended, with the right 
hand always towards it (a religious or superstitious 
ceremony); circuit, circnmambulation. This is pre- 
cisely the ceremony called dea9aUt practised formerly 
among the Highlanders, and alluded to by Scott in 
the " Chonides of the Canongate." *. 

jJJ HW pradavy m. a disease of women 

{menorrhagia). 9. [another. *. 

^jj^j>, W^f^ par-drohty tyrannizing over 

^j^j{. H^^ pf^adarshauy m. shewing; ex- 
plaining ; proph<*sying. pradar9kak, m. a teacher, an 
expounder, a prophet. pradar9Ht, mentioned; ex- 
plained, prophesied. 9. [perty. #. 

H^j^Tv ^'f'^^?^'' par-dravya, m. another's pro- 
(ji«V Ufij^l pra<i«/*,'lf. intermediate point of 
CiJ«3;) Hflf^f pradik, J the compass, or half 

quarter. 9. 

ILiii^ pradakshind v. pradachhind. 
^f^jimr^par'duhhyin.ihe pain of another.*. 
tjdj> pardagxy f. a modest, chaste woman, 

**one who confines herself to home. jp. 

{-f^jl pf^rdumauy (for tj^ pradyumna) 

Kama (or Cupid), son oiKrisl^nat was married to Rati. «• 

t£)»^ ^rtp^ P^^^<^^^f ™- ^*"^ downwards, 

letting wind. 9, 

J^^^A H^f^ pur*dwdr, m. a city gate. s. 
L^3^J^f ^^T^ pradoshy m« evening, the first 

part of the night ; fault, offence, defect 9. 

lAj^ ^TJjt^ par-doshy m. another's fault. 
par-do9h-kirthant m. scandal, slander. «. 

/A?^*^ '^I^^^^par'dweskl, hostile, inimical. $, 

S*(3J pardOy m. a curtain, a screen ; the sail of 

a ship ; a musical tone or melody, a key or mode ^in 
music); modesty, parda parda dekhnd, to prv or in- 
quire secretly into any matter, parda par aa-fc., to do 
a thing secretly or privately. parda,e btni, the cartilage 
that separates the nostrils. parda-po»ht, the act of 


ooocealing a blemish, parda chhorna, to let fall a cur- 
tain ; to lay aside concealnient. jtarda-ddr, confiden- 
tial, fkirda-dar, a betrayer of Becreta. parda-dari, 
betraying of necretA. pcarda-rakhna, to give obscure 
hints, or relate a matter in such terms as only to be 
understood by part of the hearers. parda-Jash, be- 
traying secrets, pardak., to conceal, parda kist ka 
phapia or kholna, to reveal the faults of another, parda- 
nishin, remaining behind the curtain, modest, parde 
meik 9Hrd][lhk,t spoken of a woman who secretly indulges 
in licentious practices, parda^e fu^t-rang, lit. Ihe veil 
of seven colours, the world, worldly vicissitudes and 
vanities, p. [disc of the sun. 9. 

^^ji vAfff pandhiy m. circumference; the 

{2)^*1)1 Wnf pardhdn, or pradhan, m. na- 
ture, the natural state of any thing, or tlie cause of 
the material world; the Supreme God; chief, prin- 
cipal ; the first companion of a king, his minister, his 
eunuch, or confidant ; a courtier, a minister of state, 
a president, leader, chief, pradhan-td^ f. excellence, 
supremacy. pra<l/<aii-</Ad<a, m. semen virile, pradhdn- 
numirh m. prime-minister, prad/idnottam, eminent, 
iUustrious. s. [clothes. *. 

^)^^ ^"rfoinf paridhan, m. a lower garment, 

^<>yj "^W^ par-dhat^, m, another^s duty 
or business, s, 

^^«>;^. ^roni par-dhan, m. another^s wealth. 

par-dhan-^stpddan-ntkh, m. feeding luxuriously at 
another's expense, s. 

W^J^^ji 'W pradhwanSf m. destruction^ 

loss, pradhwanti, destroying, annihilating, s, 

v— *>«>;> W^ pradipj m. a lamp. s. 

{:>^^ji **^^n pradtpan, m. a mineral poison 

of a red colour and caustic nature. «. 

U**i*irJ ^^'^ pardes, m. a foreign country ; 

a4). of another country, abroad, s, 

V^.*irl ^"'^^^'^ par-dest, m. foreigner, a 

"stranger, s, 

Lr?.*irv '^^ pradeshy m. a place in gene- 
ral, a district ; a foreign country, abroad. «. 
^^•*trv ^^^WTi^My'-^ieoia, f. the tutelary deity 

of a town. 9. 

^.*^- ^''^ pradeh, m. unguent, unction, s. 
jjjl VXj^ par-m, m. a potherb i^Eclijyta 

prostrata), t. 

^jjv P^^^f ^' * scrap (generally applied (o 

paper), piece, bit, rag, frippery, purxe hond, to be 
severely wounded in battle. /?. [dividual. 9, 

Cj**^'3^p«?ti* or purtuth, m. a man, an in- 
{j*»j^'VrC9 paras, m. act of touching, a touch, s. 
O^ |?wr«, (in comp.) aFling, inquiring, p. 
O^ ^'^^ l^ariMf m. the knot or joint of a 

cane or reed. «. 
L»^ pursa, m. condolence, inquiring kindly 

into one's condition, p. 

U«^ ^jlH pursa, of a man's height, the ex- 
tent of a man's reach when extending the arms and 
fingers (a fikthom). 

( 188 ) u^ji 

Cf^^/^VmJ^ prasad, w. favour, kindness, bless- 
ing, propitiousncss ; viand, victuals, food that has been 
oftered to the deities ; leavings of a great man or spi- 
ritual guide. 9. 

^tiU**^ mnVrf jjrasadhan, m. accomplish- 
ing, effecting, prasddhak, one who accomplishes. 
pratddhit, accomplished, completed. *. 

^liU**^ JlftWV^parisddhan,m,accomii\hh' 

ing ; determining, s. [monly called 9iddki, s, 

^fct>U»^3 HIII^H'^ prasddhanl, f. a drug com- 
^^i3u^) 1^mf(\ prasadif oflTcred to deities. 8, 


y***j\ IWR pramr, | m. spreading, ex- 

(^^J;J TamV^prasdrarij] panding. prasarit, 

stretched, expanded. pra9dri, adj. spreading, expand- 
ing *. 

^^jv P^^*'9dl, last year (pdr-sdi), p. 
w^-^ 2>ur»9dla, aged, full of years, p. 
{j^jt pitrsdn (v. puri), asking, inquirin 

(used in comp.) as a^wdl-pur9dnt inquiring after one's 
condition, p, 

j^j{ ^^VC^^Bfiparaspar, mutually, reciprocally. 

paraspardHumati, f. mutual concurrence or assent. 
parasparopakdrh an ally, an associate. 9. 

dL^kMjy'm^ jjrasphufy blown, expanded, s, 
»»j>parast, (in comp.) adorer, worshipper; 

asy l^iuid'para9t, a worshipper of God ; but-parast^ an 
idolater, worshipper of idols; dta9h-para9t, a worship- 
per of fire, a gueOre of the sect of Abraham, Zoroaster, 
or the Maffi : tbud'para9t, a worshipper or admirer of 
himself, selfish or self-conceited, p. 

\mm^\!L9ij> Jt^Simjjrastdb, m. mention, occasion, 

opportunity. *. 

dJj\::i*^ KWfWWprasidbik,^ BUggesicd by 

(^jIjum^ liWNwprastdvih,) previous men- 
tion, well-timed, a-propos, opportune, seasonable. 9, 
jljiy»^ 27arastdrf m. an adorer ; a slave, p. 

ji^L^ynsnn prastdyO, m. opportunity, season; 

euloginm. «. [ment, introduction. 9. 

I3j\juf»^ insrnnn pra8td,ond, f. comracncc- 

dXL^ HUil prastut, celebrated, praised ; 
Baid, declared ; accomplished, done. 9, 

J^Ji, 'ffVSl. prastar, m. a stone; a jewel, s. 

(jtjurt^ parastish, f. devotion, act of wor- 
shipping, p, 

ek)l»-^jt::«i»^ parastish'khidna, m.1 a place of 
Jo^jftju^. parattuh-gdhy f. J worship, 

church, temple, mosque, p. 

9 Jjulm^ parastanda, a worshipper* p. 
' A^ ** l ;i IT^TTTO^tA, expanding, spread ; m. a 

measure of quantity, 48 double handfuls ; table-land 
on the top of a mountain. pra9th-pu9hpt m. a sort of 
iulsJ, or basil, with small leaves. 9, 

^^I^juaj^. lY^rnPr pi'asthdpan, m. sending 

away, mission, prasthdpit, sent, despatched. 9, 


( 189 ) 


e>^tf^ irwm prastkan, m. going forth, 

setting oot, departure. #: 

juu4»^ parastldan, to worship, to adore, p, 

i> 1|fOTj>rflwWrfAfl,celebratetl,renownecl ; 
adorned, ornamented, ftrasiddhi, f. fame, celebrity, s. 

j^^M»j HVnr prasrav, m. urine. *. 

A|A^ "ilfiCfPI painsram or parishram, m. fa- 
tigue, 'ireariness. i. 

j^o^mO <|fi^ift/>a»*t«rflmi, active, laborioas. *. 
(J***»j^ ptirmh, f. inquiry, asking (generally 

meana aaking after health, &c.). p, [ihipping. t. 

.Km»^ ^rCBR^ puraskaTf in. honouring, wor- 
CA^yi«0 mriK prasaktaf eternal, constant ; 

obtained, attained ; attached to, devoted to ; adv.oon- 
tinnally. jwoiaAr/i, £ adherence* attachment to. «. 

^jjX»^j>^ lIHif^^l praskandiha, f.l purging, 

^«3jil«o ITQEi^ praskandaUf m. J diar- 
rhoea. «. 

Cia^I»mO MruimU parisamapiaf finished, 

completed, paritamapti f. & forwamAoaii, m. entire, 
completion, s. [foigetting. t. 

C^j^**J(, W^fif prasmriti, f. forgetfulness, 
AaA»o>;> irwl^p«»*««»^fl«P«<^> !»• the transi- 

tiye or active form of a verb (in Gram.). «. 

ij^^j^ 1WW prasann or pratanna or parson, 

rejoiced, pleased ; gradooa, kind, pratmm hona, n. to 
acquiesce; to like, prasaim'kttma, to please, pra^ 
tatmata, f. fifivour, kindness, or <»a»n-inM*A or prasanu- 
«mitAt. smiling, agreeable looking. «. 

\ju#o parania, a. to worship, to adore, p. 
Uu«^ iltViff |Mirajna, a. to touch, s. 
^i\jjju«^ MWI ' ^ par'Sambandhftn. relation 

oi connection with another, par-$ambandhh related 
to another, beloioging to another, s, [kindness. «. 

UImO V^nnrT prasannata, f. acquiescence ; 
LJuiO H^^ prasansa, f. praise, eulogy, s. 
V^^a^omO MfiHyi parisankhya, f. complete 

enumeration. parUmtkhyai, enumerated, s. 

iJ^/smJ> V^ni pras€Lf^9 m. association ; men- 
tion; insertion, prasangna kigna, not to associate 
with. «. 

«M»y ira^ prauLVf m. the act of bearing a 
diild. pratm-htmdhan, m. the foot-stalk of a leaf or 
flower. «. 

•M»y HH prasSif f. a mother* «• 

OaM»;> HW pratut or "^t^fW parsut, m. a 

flower, fruit; th« disease called JIuor alhut or the 
whites; part bom, produced, pratavat, bearing. 
prasuH, f. bringing fovth* birth ; oinpring. s. 

^y*»j> H^WT prasutd, 1 a woman who 

i3y^ 1R%1lrt J9r(»att<i, r has borne a 

id>y^ VV^^ prasavaniip j child ; a puer- 
peral woman. #. 

f}jyMj^parmrani (for Mi91il<V parashurama), 

the first of the three iSamof, and the rixth incarnation 
or avatar of VtsJinu, He was the son of JamadagMi, 
and was contemporary with Ddsharatha Rdma. Ho is 
called Jdmadagm, and the deity descended in this form 
to destroy the Ktiatriyas (or C^atrit), who were be- 
come tyrannical. Renukd, wife of Jamadagni, wtis 
interrupted in bringing water from the river by Kar- 
tavirjarjuna, a prince of the Ks^atriyeu, who was 
sporting in the water with his thousand wives, for 
which Farathurama's father {JanuidagHi) cursed him. 
The Ksltatriya prince killed Jamadagni, and Jamadagni 
(the son of toe latter) vowed not to leave a Kshatriya 
on the face of the earth. He is said to have extirpated 
them twenty-one times, the women with child each 
time producing a new race. They say there has been 
no KsJ^atriya smce that period, those so called being 
of spurious breed (or yamasankart), m. 

oy^ ^9l)f partahj the day before yesterday ; 

the day after to-morrow, s. 

{^y^ji, H^ prat^n, born, produced ; m. a 

flower, a bud ; fruit, s. [young, t, 

iSy**ji, Tm^prcaam, adj. having or bearing 
Mj>^ puruLy m. condolence, kind inquiry, p. 
Ijutf^ i|l|%^ parsiyciy m. a reaping-hook, a 

siclile. A. 

^Im>^Ijui»^ par$iydwshan or parsiydrvishan, 

m. maiden-hair {Pteris lunulata), p. 
^j>jtMO purstdccnf to ask, to inquire, p. 

{2)^ti^A MfirfiH*!^ parmman, m. boundary, 

extreme limit, s. 

L^A ^V^ parash, m. a kind of gem. s, 
cAri TOt( puf*Uih, in. a man, a male human 

being ; God, the Supreme Being. puruMha, ancestors. 
puruiharth, m. a human object, as the gratification of 
desire, discharge of duty, kc, ; adv. on account of man. 
punuhddkikdr, m. manly office or duty, puruahd' 
dhaMt m. an outcast pwushdshit m. a riikshas, a can- 
nibaL puruskdyu, m. life of man. purMskid, f. pu- 
rushtwa, m. manhood, manliness, valour, pumsh-^ 
dwetid, m. puru$h-dweshinlt f. misanthropic, ptirush* 
kdr, m. manly act, virility ; exertion. ;wra«A-fna/r, 
of the height of a man. purushottamt m. an exceUent 
or superior man. pmnuh-varjitt depopulated, t. 

{^AVI^ parushy m. harsh and contumelious 

speech, abuse ; yeUow Barleria ; a sort of tree (Xylo* 
carpu* granainm). parush-bachan, m. paruth-vdeh, f. 
paruth^Ht t harsh language, abuse, panuhoktikt m. 
an abuser, s. [resembling a hatchet, g. 

O^ ^1^ parathuy m. an offensive weapon 

Uo 11^^ punuhd, people of old, predeces* 
sors, ancients, s. [viling. «• 

^^A ^iftlini parishap, m. cursing,^ re- 
^^j^ ^iinn^ parshad or prashdd, m. favour, 

kindness, food, Ice. (v. pratdd), s. 

#43|Uo ^^^i|t4 purushdrthy m. that which is 
becoming a man, as valour, generosity, &c. t. 

^yM»U»|) H^mR prashdsan, ro. governing, 

ruling, s. 

»^^^^ irpnv praihdnt, calmed, tranquil- 

Used, prathdntit f. calm, tranquillity, pratkdntdtmdt 
peaoafiu, compoied in mind. s. 

it * 

M»;> Wtm (for IHR^) prashab, m. the act of 

bringing forth (young), prashab-hona, u. to be deli- 
vered (of young), s, [di8chai*ged, paid, s, 

J^dJi»jl VlttSK^parishuddka, cleaned^ purified ; 

/^J'^J>, my\W parashuram, see &)jy*^- *• 
1>^ vp pruhtj askedi inquired. *. 
> irn prashtay adj. asking, demanding ; 

a questioner. <. 

"^^ji ^ prishth, m. the back, the rear. 

prishfh-dxishfi, m. a bear (from looking behind him), s, 
'^^jl VW prashthy a leader 5 prior, prece- 
ding; chief, best, praththi, the wife of a leader. «. 

iV^^^ ^^cn^ purashchhady m* a sort of 

grass {Saccharum cylindricutn), #• 

^^Ir^- V^^VI^ parishranty wearied, ex- 
hausted, parishranti, f. fatiguei labour, s, 

fj^jt, ^fr^VW paruhramy m. labour, toil, fa- 
tigue. parUhrami, laborious. «• 

C^^*M j >^ JHUi^ prashast, happy, well, right, 
good, excellent, prashasii, f. excellencei eminence, 
eulogy, t, 

jy^J^. pur-ahu^uTy wise ; most sagacious, p, a. 

»K-S>^ ^Dl^R parishkEvy m. splendour, de- 
coration , initiation, purification, t. 

CjjiJi»jy^ ^lf)C6|nr pariskkrity adorned, em- 
bellished; purified by initiatory ritea. paritkkrit^ 
bhiimh f. a ground prepared for a sacrifice. #. 

^)V^ in[PR praskaman, m. killings slaugh- 
ter; pacifying, t, 

{:/^ji ire prashHy m. a question, prashu' 

duti, f. a riddle, an enigma. «. 

(jy.^^-Jj;> ^finnrfr prishniparm, f. a plant 

** {ffemionitei cordifolia ; Hedysarum hgopodioidet), 9, 

LJuI^ H^hBT prasharUay f. praise, applause, 

flattery. «. 

^^^^^Jm^. VIIOT pra^Aansan, m. praising, eulo- 
gising, prtuhahsamyat to be praised, pnuMwortfay, 
prashaAsit, praised, s. \XPistia straiioiies), ». 

^^J>^^ ^ftm prUhniha, f. an aquatic plant 

9>%:^JmjI ill^HfiAn parishankantya, adj. to 
be doubted, to be apprehended. «. [«^afiet7e«), jr. 

t/i;Jinft|?rfl<Ani, f. an aquatic plant (^FUtia 

J^^^A ^OfClfNl pariskodhy m. cleansing, pu- 
rifying ; discharging (a debt)^ «. [morrow. «. 

(j**jM»;> "TTITO par-shmasy the day after to- 

{^y^ ^ifClfh^ pariihosh, m. drying, evapo- 
ration. «. [pletion. #. 
(j&AmO i|ft^ j)ariiAesAt m. remainder, oom- 

j^j^j>, pur-zaruvy very necessary, most es- 
sential, p. a. 
^ nw prikka, f. a gramineous plant (2Vt- 

gonella eomiculaia). t. 

of another. 

par-k^jy ro. the busiaess or affairs 


'ji ^^*l'''l par-kaji, attentive to the busi- 

**neB8 or interest of others, serving others, beneficent, s. 

j^jlpur-kdj't thick, coarse, fat ; efficient, well 

executed, p, [compasses (r. joar^ar). p, 

j^ji P^^rkdvy compasses, parharly done with 
j^ji, IPTO. prakavy manner, method, kind, 

sort, f, 
ifj^ji, purharty f. thickness, coarseness, p. 

0»9;i ii«i^ prakds or parkaSy m. light, 

daylight ; a^j. dear, apparent «. 

{J**zA P^'^^^h ™' ft discoverer, 9. 
O^vi iniTll praheuhy m. light, daylight, 

sunshine; expansion, diAision, manifestation; adj. 
open, manifest, blown, expanded ; famous, oeiebrated 
clear, apparent, prakasahta, £ manifestation, lumi- 
nousness. prakashitt evident, manifest, promalgatea. 
prakashak, what irradiates, manifests ; an illuminator. 
prakdshmdn, splendid, radiant, prakashan, m. illunii^ 
nating, making manifest. froJ^wAi, m. a discoverer, s, 

MO^ j9<zrAaJa, m. a Spark ; pane of glass, p, 
^j>, ^K^xn parhauy m. a trunnion, h, 
^^ji 'Mi*HI parhanoy a. to accustom, to 

^ habituate. A, [exceUence, happiness. *. 

*^^ji '^^(^IIT^ prakdndy m. the stem of a tree , 
^irji 1T^^ prakupity enraged, incensed, s. 
^4^^ MrmtlT parikathdy f. a tale, a story. $, 


'^A JfmS prakafy displayed, manifest. p7'a' 
t$t or prakc^'kxit, manifested, made visible. #, 

^^^ji ^rik? parkaty m. a heron. «• 

^J^Ji ^ilA parkkatty f. the waved-leaf fig tree 

^{Fieustn/eetiota), «. 
^j>^ TrsfX.prakary m.aloe wood (agallochum). «. 

O/^ U^Pil prakrit or prakritiy f. property, 

quality, nature ; the passive or material cause of the 
world ; a goddess, the personified will of the Supreme 
Being in the creation, identified with M&ya j a stania 
of four lines, each Uoe containing twenty-one sylla- 
bles ; temperament, predominance of one of the hu- 
mours, prakriti-taral, volatUe, fickle, prakxiti^tka, 
natural, innate. 1. 

O;^ iraniT prakrity made, accomplished, s, 
{St^ji ^^^ piahanhy m. (in gram.) the 

effbct of the prefix pra upon roots. 9. 

viL^wS»;^ J[^ prakxUhf, chief, principal. 

prakrishfatwa, m, eminence. 9. 

f^Jj>, Tnm prakramy m, proceeding, going, 

leisure, opportunity, 9, 
U^ '^ftSWr parikramdy f, act of going round 

to the right, by way of adcMtition, ciicnmambulation, 
a superstitious ceremony (v. pradac]^ina), 9. 

{•i/A VMK^ prakaratiy m. topic, subject ; 
paragraph, section ; prologue, prelude ; a book. 9, 


( 101 ) 


{jjj^ 'iftJIPI parihray, m. redeeming» pur- 
chasing back, t. [signia. #. 

li»^. wfiraT prakriydf f. bearing royal in- 
^ISJ^ JlHllc^lff prakshdlan, m. cleaning, 

waahing. prakiMUit, washed. «. 


'_**"*^^ Mr<rB|ff parikshit, a king, sou of 
Abhimanyu, and grandson of Aijnn. s, 

JCjlHO ^rJ|^ par-hsketr, m. another's field, 

another's body, anotbex^s wife. «« 

^jl^ul^ Vlfhv prakshm, decayed, wasting. <. 
d^i^K^ H ftii r^ A |>a7*iAa/^t ^^made^invented . «. 
C^Jf/l^ftfVVi'^'^^^^^i ^* vexation, trouble. 

pariilishp, Tezedi annoyed, i. 
\^\^jl HVI prakamjy, m. shaking, trem- 
bling, prakampaman, adj. shaking, trembling vio- 
lentJj. prakan^tt, id. ; m. a hell. «• 

^-^ Mi<l«|l parahid, n. to be habituated, to 

acquire a habit ; to inspect, examine, prove, try. <. 

u-^*^ Wfrt prahop, m. irritation, provoca- 
tion, orakopii, irritated, prakopan, m, Irritatingi 
profoking p, 

^j I|t9^ parakh, f. examination, trial, proof, 

inspection. #. [human being. «. 

,410 ^1^ puruhhy m. a man (twV), a male 
\^^ ^^PVT puruiAa or ^4t purkha, m. an 

old man. t, [fort, Ste. #. 

l^^ ^fCVT jMirtMa, f. a moat surrounding a 
^^A "^tfrRT parkhdndy a. to oause to exa- 

mtna, try, prove, or Inspect s. 
ii^^A ^^W^^ parkhdwam, f. examination; 

" assaying of coin, &c. s, 

i^f^^jy ViH^r^pfirkhdyiyt. the price paid for 

examination, trial, proof, inspection ; the act of exa- 
mining, t. 

j^j^ WWC prahhary very hot or acrid, s, 
\j^j> ^nniT parahhndy a. to inspect, to exa- 

mhie, to proY& s. 

i^j{ "^^P^ruhhe or ^purhke^ m. (pi. 

"otpurkhS), ancestry, ancestors. #• 

^^jl ^^parhkty m. a banker who #xa- 

''■linM and provM moaey. «# 

OUaI^jJ TnHTIf prakhydt or ^Hwfll paH- 

JtA^/.^amons. celebrated. ffdirAyill or parikhymH, 
iame.n otoriety. #. 

l^^ VC#lTparAAat>a,1m. an inspector, 
]^A ^t#n parftA^j / examiner, prover, 

espedaUy of coins. «. 

'^-iOi inrtfff prakirti, f. fame, celebrity. 

prakiriH, declared, explained; celebrated. *. 
log of, boasting. «. 

4jj,|0^ lNi4 prakim, promulgated, pub- 
lished ; expanded ; m. a chauri, a cow-taU used as a 
Can ; a chapter. 9. * 

&juk^ pur-kma, malicious, spiteful, p, 
»^j>^ ^TOlfN parktt/a, belonging to another, 

parkiyd, f. another's wife or mistress, s, 

4^^ TO!T1[ 2?ar^acAA, m. epidendron. A. 

J^Ji, P^rgdvj f. a pair of compasses, p. 

t^j^j^pargdri, f. work done with compasses, p. 

t^j^ji ITTTf' pragdrhf much, excessive ; hard, 

difficult ; hantt firm; m. pain, privation, penance. «. 

vl^ pargdhj straw, rabbish, any thing 
worthless, ji, 

(JL^ OT? pragat or pargat, obvious, noto- 
rious, pubUo. manifeit. s. picity. «. 
Ua^ IPmr fragataid, f. visibility, pub- 

Uu^ OTVifT Jt>7*a^A/n0i n. to appear, be mode 

public. «. [assuming. *. 

ij^jj^ ITDTfir pragrahan, m. taking, seizing, 

,^jdirj> Wf9l pragalbh, bold, ready, resolute, 
strong. prdgalbJuUa, f. energy, boldness *, power, a, 

^^J^VlH^pragamanf m.progress,advance. s. 
{^\jSj pargandt, 1 pi. oipargana (the last 

OW^H P^^0<^^^j^hj ^^''^ roay be called 
the pedantie or barbarous plural), used in revenue 
documents, fi. 

(S^ji p^^ff^i^^^f of or relating to baronies. 

** parganStl'jam*, the amount of the revenue received at 
the head office of the pargona from the several subdi- 
visions composing such pargwia, after deducting the 
chains of ooUecting in each. oarganati'hSfirch, 
charges of a district to be deducted firom the gross 
revenue, parganathnirkhf rates of valuation, kc p. 

dJo%> pargana, m. an inferior division of a 

country (less than a yif ), nearly equalling a barony ; 
the largest division of land in a zumlnddri, pargwia- 
dart m. the superior officer of a parganaf lord of the 
barony, pargaaa^waft according to district (settle- 
ment, kc% 

Jfj^ pur-go, talkative, loquacious, p. 

{jijlji infl^ pragapan, m. protection, pre- 
servation, f, [tongue. 5. 

Uf^^ji, P^r^gOft, f, loquacity, volubility of 

*>SL^J^ ITW pragkat or pargkat, apparent, 

(dear. i< 
^J4fji W^ praghan or ^t^parghatt, f. 

"a mould in which sUvcr or gold is cast, previous to 
working it ; apparenqy, clearness, s, 

(2;^^ WW pi^aghan, m. a aprt of bean 

^j^ mrr pragyd, f* a clever woman ; under- 
standing, wisdom, pragyawant wise, s, 
lL>\^J WBTK pragydij known, understood, 

notorious, s. 


{2)^ji IHFRf pragyan, m. knowledge, wia- 

dom ; a^. wise, learned. «. 

ijjjji pc^rgvif f. an ortolan (a species of 

Alauda). p. 

Mj> 119 pragma, wise, learned, s. 

^ij^ '^§1 parldy of the other side. /«. 

^%> 119^ pralap, m, unmeaning pratile ; 

discourse, s. 

^^j>, IT^^ pralobhf m. desire, cupidity. 

pr^Mhan, m. allorement, attraction, a, 

{*^^j>, 119^7^ prahthan^ m. rolling on the 
ground, tossing, prahfhit, adj. rolling, toning. «. 

^^1;^ ^nsfhi par-lok, heaven, paradise. 

par-hk-gamt m. death. «. 

^^jl 119^ parlai (for pralaya), a general 

"destruction, such as at the flood or resurrection ; death, 
dissolution, fainting, syncope ; (met.) vexation, fatigue, 
oppression, languor, disgust, s, [besmears. «. 

iiX ^j ^ Jf^mipt'alepak, who or what anoints, 
^ ^ItiR paraniy hest, first, supreme ; used in 

comp. as, paramatmat m. the Supreme Being,the soul of 
the universe, paramadwmt^ m. pure unitananism. pa- 
ramarih, m. superior aim,the best end ; virtue ; spiritual 
knowledge ; the best sense, paramarthi, seeking the 
best end, religious, paramagati, translation to heaven, 
beatitude, paramanut m. an atom, the lowest measure 
of weight, or time. paraiMmnt m. an oblation of rice 
to progenitors. param-anoHd^ supreme pleasure, chief 
object of refuge, param-gati, f. eternal felicity, para- 
mayu, m. the longest period of life, param-raj, m. a 
supreme monarch, param-ftans, an ascetic, a rdigious 
man who has subdued all his senses, s, 

Mj^purum or prum, a lead and sounding-line 

used on board ship (the word is borrowed from the 
Portuguese prumot plummet), pntm-dalna, to heave 
the leaid. h» 

\^V^prama, f. true knowledge; conscious- 
ness, perception, t. 

«ye\3U^ inmnin: pramdtO'maha, m, a great- 
grandfather on the mother's side ; f. pramatdmahh s, 

i>U^ inni^pramdd, m. inadvertence, careless- 
ness, error, pramadi, heedless, ioconaiderate. «. 

i^U;> tlt^T^ paramdrthy m. the first pur- 
suit, the chief end, virtue, merit, t, [tUOttS. «. 

^^j^JjU^ ^roirtf paramdrthh religious, vir- 

^U^ Wffn pramdn or parmdn, m. cause, 

motive ; limit ; proof, ^attestation, veriflcation, autho- 
rity, i n sta n ce, example ; adj. actual, authentic, sub- 
stantial, real, parman-charhna, to rise to a high rank 
(the word is used sometimes as a man's name), prama- 
nSbliao, ra. absence of proof. praman^ru$h, m. an 
umpire, an arbitrator, profuani-karan, establishing or 
admitting as authority or proot «. [proportioii. t, 

^)U;> ^ftPIPQ parimdHf m. dose, quantity ; 
dih\jcj^ Jftttfnipramdnik, proper, creditable ; 

reverend; m. chairman of an assembly; (in Bengal) 
a chief of a tribe among the inferior castes, pramd- 
nikdt f. a species of the anushfulh metre. 9. 

^ji ^ItW? or vp[fr^param |Mic?,m.eminence, 
high station, heaven, beatitude, s. 

( 192 ) ioA 

j^ji VI'^FKLparampar, traditionary, heredi^ 

tary ; m. a great-great-grandson, s. 

I^A*^ '^mtr parampardy f. tradition ; com- 
munication fW>m one to another in succession ; series 
succession; race, lineage, paramparln^ hereditary, 
traditional, t. 

«;> Vnn jyar-maty m. a difi*erent opinion. «. 
•;> ^iftftnr parimity measured, regulated. 

parimitahdr or parimit-bkuj, eating moderately, tem- 
perate, t. 


measured. prttmitaksharS, f. a species of the jagati 
metre, m, 

^4a«;> innn pramathd, f. yellow myrobalan 

{Terminalia chebula). s. [abode of pain. «. 

cJ^4^v innirsni pramathdlayy m. hell, or 
S^ VH^pramad, mad, intoxicated, impas- 
sioned ; m. joy, delight, pramaddf f. a woman, a hand* 

some woman, s. 

fcVO Tf^^ pramud or pramudit^ pleased, glad. s. 
J^,^^ VXjnm param-dhdm, m. paradise, s. 

^^iy^ JfHWt prainuhh, chief* principal, best, 

first ; m. a chief, a sage ; a tree used for dyeing {Rott- 
leria tinctoria). pramukh-tufa, m. superiority, predo- 
minance, s, 

tj^^^ WH pramagriy immersed, drowned, s, 

jj^ ^llH9 parimal or Vf^Sf parmal, fra- 
grant ; m. trituration of perfumes, and the scent aris- 
mg fh>m it ; parched grain of jo jar or bajra^ q. v. {Hoi- 
cut sorgum and spicattu). s, 

{:y^ji Vfu^XH parimldih soiled, stained ; 

withered, impaired, a, 

^j^ pimianyihe yard of a sail (see j^|^). /*• 
JJ^ ^r^Ht^ parimand, slow, dull. «• 
JiJj^ MfiH^H^j^ parimandaly m. a ball, a 

a globe, a circle, parimandalta, f. rotundity, t. 

(i^ylfl 'inTNiV pramochariy m. liberating, 

setting free, pramocham, a sort of cucumber, t. 
*yy*j> Wfff^ pt*amodt m. pleasure, delight, pra^ 

modit or pramodi, happy, deUghted ; delighting. «. 

^y^A Vltfi P^^'^^^h ^' ^scination ; fainting, 

insensibility, a. 

(z^y^ "^ftinVtH parimohauy m. fascinating, 

beguiUng. par'moht, m. parimohwit f. a4i« fimcinsting. 
bewitching. /. 

j^^IaO ifiinn jMiram-esAn^ar, m. the first and 

supreme Lord, God, the Almighty, s. 

^xr^ ^W^ parmen>y']m. a (venereal) dap; 
Mji^T^pramehy J a gleet, any urinary 

affWstion. a, 
f^jy^'9T^parafitf,VLvery quick time in music. A. 

U^Jv ITOT j77*an, m. promise, resolution, vow. $, 
(3^ j)arnani, great-grandmother* h. 


^j> ^4 pam or pama, m, a leaf, betel leaf; 

the palfa tree {BtOea frondoia), pam-wallh f. the 
nme tree. pam-shalAt f. a hut of leavet, a heroiitaji^e. 
num-iata, t. the betel plant, pam-nar, m. a man of 
leaves, an eBgy etuffed with leavei, made to represent 
a penon deceased whose bod j cannot be found. «. 

CfMj mt^ pranadf m. a disease of the ear, 

a bnsBing in the ear. «• 

i^j^^A ^^fjf^paman, in. a sort of basil ( Ocy- 

mum Mometum) with small leavea. #. 

(j^V3^ VnVf pranashf m. loss, destruction. 

proMOsht, destroying. 

J^;> inQ19 or 1|ffT9 pranalf m.1 a conduit^ 
iii^j>^K9(t^ parnahifm. > a gutter, 

iJ^jiVnTffioT rmi^pranaR, f. J a drain. «. 
aO^ ^ift^ni parinam, m. maturity, fulness, 

end. last stage ; sequel, result. parinSm-dartM, who 
looks forward or to the end. 

( 193 ) Jj, 

ijj> M^ pamh m. a tree (Btitea fr&ndosa) ; 




aU^ mit or IRIH pranantf aslo pamam,TO. 

salntatioo. bow, adoration. #. 

^^ qi.4MI par-ndna, a great-grandfatber 
(bf the mother^s side). *. [sance. «. 

OU>^ Vflmv pratitpa^, m. salutation, obei- 
J!!^j> flflWim pranipatan, m. saluting 

bowing. «. [obeisance. < 

*^ji VOf^ pranati, f. salutation, reverence, 

do^ i|ra parantUf but, however, on the 

other band ; afterwards, also. *. 

J^jt^ ^^KMporaf^Tay subservient, dependent. $. 
JJ^ parandy m. a bird, parand-ho-jdna, to 

moTe with great rapiditj. p. 

j^j> ^W5t purandar, m. a sort of pepper 

{Piper ehamfa), a, 

S ji^ paranda, flying ; a bird, parande hd 

par na mama kuijagah mtk^ is used to express a place 
qiadte inaocessible. p, 

^j^U j3^ Hflnni pranidhdn, m. great effort, 

stress ; profound meditation ; access, entrance. #. 

<JV^Ci;y ^'rt'n^n^ parn-mdchdl, m. the 
kamrSngS, an add fruit {Averrkoa earamboh). t. 

jj^ im pranavy 1 m. the mystical 

^Jiri ^'^l'^^ pranavakj name of the 

deitj. #. [a hermitage. #. 

V^^ ^UvfeW pamotajy m. a hut of leaves, 
J^iri /yuf^nur, illustrious, enlightened, p, 
44;> IRn pranayf m. affection, regard ; ask- 

" log. solkitation ; flnal emancipation ; trust, confidence ; 
reverence, obeisance, pranayt, affectionate, kind, in- 
timate ; m. a husband or lover. «. 

^J H^jE^ani, resolute, bold, determined. «. 
ii^ piimi, f. a ferule, a tube, a thimble; the 

raauod-pipes of a musket; a bugla or oblong bead. if. 

t an aquatic plant {PUtia ttratiotes); the leaf of the 
assafcetida(?). *. [patron. *. 

Vi;J Mvfn^ puraniyd, m. an old man ; a 
^j>, '^^fS^itm, JtS^, Mlfti^f puraniyd, pura- 

naiya, or puramiuat m. name of a district and town 
m Bengal (vulg. Foomeah), A. 

{^^j> pamiyduy m. a kind of fine painted 

silk (from China) ; also garments made of the same. p. 
^j>, ^ parv, ra. a festival, a holiday ; parv^- 

kari, a Br&hman who performs ceremonies for hire 
out of season, parv-gami, a man who associates with 
his wife on festival days. t. 

^j> ^ puru, m. name of the sixth monarch 

of the lunar line ; the farina of a flower ; f. the name of 
a river to the north-west of the Saraswati. «. 

yjj> parwd, f. care, concern, anxiety, vexa- 
tion; inclination, affection, concupiscence, desire; 
rest, quiet, htchk parwa naftH, (vulg. kuch-parwd-nt), 
no matter, it is of no consequence, p, 

'Jjv ^^ purwd, f. an easterly wind, s, 

Ij^'^lflCTl pariwdy f. the first day of the 
moon's increase or wane. «. 

^^3ji, ^''f^tWT^ parivddy m. abuse, reproach, 

accusation, parlvadak or parwadit an aoeuaer, a plain- 
tiff, a calumniator, s. 

j]^ji ''VftWR parmdvy m. family, dependants. 
|Kiritoar-/a, f subjection, dependence, s. [position, s. 

(i^)^^ inrw pravdrant m. prohibition, op- 
{J^^j^f parwdri, fattened or fatted, p, 

J^3jv P^^^^^y ^Y^^^9 flight, parwdz'harndy 
n. to flj. parwaz-kunatit fljing, on the wing, p, 

(^>»V;^ ^fftMT9 parivds, m. abiding, abode, s. 
{j*»^^ji inre pravdsy m. a foreign country 

or residence, dwelling away from home. pravasaU a^j. 
absent, dwelling abroad, pravatant m. sojourning 
abroad, exile. « 

lS^^3j(' P^o'^^9 ^ foreigner, one from abroad; 
"one Uving away from home. «. [j^^^S' '- 

Lf^3ji JWWft pur*vdHy adj. inhabiting a 

J'j tJ M^I<^ parwdly m. a disease of the eye- 
lids, in which the eyelashes fall, a stye or stithe. h. 
^^jJVf^n^ panvdn, m. the yard (of a sail); 

parwan chhajrhna, to grow up (a phrase peculiar to 
women), h. 

li\j J 3%nn punvdnd (caus. of purdnd)^ to 
cause to be fiUed. h. 

Oljilj •> parwdnajdty m. (pi. ofparwdna)y 

orders; passes, licenses, p. [mission, p. 

lJ^^^Jv parwanoyi* f. command, order, per- 
a61j •> parwdnQy m. a grant, or letter, under a 

great seal, from any man of power to a dependant ; an 
order, a pass, a licence, leave, command, a precept, 
warrant ; a butterfly, a moth, parwana Mn k& honi, 
to be desperately in love with anyone (au allusion to 
the moth and the candle), p, 



( id4 ) 


i\jj>^parwah, f. (the same as parwa, q«v.)> 

care, concern, &c. p. [overflowing, t. 

B^j.) ^fftlTTI parivah, id. an inundation^ an 
i\jjl IWHE j»rai>aA, m, stream^ current of a 

river. ». 

Kiblj J xmf^9g{ pravahika, f. diarrhoa* <• 
^^Ajjlpanva,l, one who stands in need of, 

necessitated, wanting, having occasion for. p. 

v±/l^jJ llfq^lil prambhdg^ m. division, a 
port 9. * [titiiQiied, shared, s, 

Oi^j[^ Hft^HR pravihkakt, divided, par- 

Lri^Hjy. ^'^*'^^^*^^***' "*• ^^''^S ad- 
vice, admoniBhing, ». [of others, benelloenoe. *. 

j^^jji ^ Cm^K paropahavy m. the helping 
4A^ Jji Vi ^^ ^l^ paropaharij aiding others, 

beneficent, hospitable. <• 

Oj •> ^rtl parvat, m. a mountain, a hill. 

parvat-oihray or parva^-v&f, living in the monntains. 
parvat-k&lf, m. a raven, parpotlva, monntainous; 
m. a mountaineer. «. [of fish (5</ttrtM pa6<2a}. «. 

Oj^j ilftK j?ara?«^ or irtw jjartnK, in, a kind 

%\^^jiritmWprot$ah, m. effort, exertion j sti- 
mulus. proUahlt, instigated, stimuhited. vrotsihdk, 
m. instigator, frottaium, m. inciting, stimnlatii^. «. 

cijji ^ifhrtparawrt, land which is kept out 

" of cultivation for a short time, in order that the ami 
may recover its strength, h, 

Vj3«^ vikffm parvatiyciy ro. a kind of purap- 
"idn. 8, [gence- «• 

/o^j»> ^'iftinf parcjan, m. purpose, use, exi- 
\^djjy'^X^m purodha, m. the family priest, a. 

J Jjtf parwar, (in comp.) a patron, protector, 
nourlsher, cherisherj educated, cherished, as ^iorifr 
parwar, cherisher of the poor, satfaparwar, educated 
in the shade or at home; soft delicate, knowing little 
of the world, p. 

.J xrtr parrvar, m. the name of a kind of 

gourd ( Trichotanthei dioiea, Rogb,), #. 

j3A Vf^pravar, m. offspring, race. s. 
.J Tifqt p'avir, m. a yellow fragrant wood. a. 
uiJb-];^j> HtKnm^ parivrajak, m. a religious 

mendicant, s, 

jj^JJrApravarita, engaged in, under- 
taking ; m. excitement, stimulus. «. 

teUigcnce ; continuous flow, stream ; Ujjain, or any 
holy place ; (in arith.) the multiplier, s. 

• J tfftw parivritta, gone round, re- 
volved; exchanged, t, 
l>^j>Jlft^parivarUaf m. going or turning 

back, revolving; exchange, requital < the end of a 
period of four ages, destruction of the world. $, 

iiXijjj^ JK^WW pravarttakf inciting, stimula- 
ting i m. an instigatov. ^ 

^^jjji vAlhwit parivrtfjya, f. the life of a 

religions mendicant <, 
J^*i)3ji pctnvardagSrt m. the cherisher ; an 

epithet of the Deity, p. 

^^^^j>^panvardan, to cherish, rear, foster, p. 
^^jl panvardUf hred, reared, hrought up 

(used substantively) a slave, a proteg£. p. 

ijf»jjji parmarishy f. breeding, fostering, 
rearing, patronising, education, protection. |>. 

CLfiij^jl mT9%ff pravar-lality m. a spe- 
cies of the qshtl metre. «. [rlsher. p. 
*^^jt p(irw<iranda^ dierishing, the cbo- 

(j*»jjj|^|Jin^pM«*i<raiMi«,the80B of Buddluij 

and seoood king of tlM lunar 4yiiMty« t. 

{Sjjlj^ parmarxj f. education \ m. one who 

educates ; (in comp.) cherishing, rearing, p, 

^J3ji iftlj praurh, able, clever, full grown ; 

confident, bold. prtatgrhU f* enterprise, confident 
exertioh ; investication. pramifkAt a woman from 30 
vears of age to 35« prqm^ta, t, t^ysngth, firmneea, 
breadth, t. [hood. «. 

U»*jj> Vlft9 paroi, m. vicinity, neighbour- 
^JUv ^'^^^ parasa, m. a dish which is sent 

to a friend, s, 

Jf**»j^ parma$ii, f» cherishing, patronising : 

** especially appUed to the cherishing of old servants 
past work ; care, protection, favour (probably a cor- 
ruption of the Pernan word iMrMiaritib). d> 

{-^3jl iPraH pr^va$gnf m. going or dwell- 

ing abroad. «. 

^^jji ^rdlRI paromSt a, to take up dinner, 

to distribute, serve up^ to divide. 9, 

J^t^i^jj^ ^V^vf^ panhsandhit ro. the full 

and ohangp of the mppn. «« 
{J^Jjv ^d^ parosi, m. a naghbour. A. 

^^i^jji ^l^t%^ parosaiya^ m. a distributor of 

victuids to the guests, one who serves up dinner, a 
waiter. #. [dent |. 

O^J^ri ^^Hi pa^voih. subservient, depen- 

«JUS»j^ ilfcfW parivisht, surrounded* en- 
closed. #• 
viLulj^ Vflf j^rat^isAf , entered, engage^ iq, s. 


nut praushu). jproshfh-padaf t the 26th and 27tii 
asterisms, containing the stara in the wing of Pensns. 
praushpfi-pad, m. the month Bhadr (August— »ept). 
pnmshth-padl, f. full moon la Bhadr, a. 

(J^Jjl ^f^f^ paroshnl, f. a oockroach. t. 
Oij »> iftlR prokt, said, declared. #. 

iy^9ji Vr^(^ parokshf invisible; absent, past; 

m. an ascetic, a hermit; invUibiUty, afaaesioei (Ui 
gram.) past tima or tense. «• 



( 108 ) 


i*y^3ji, ^V^W^ prohshan, n. killing animals 

in ■acrifice, immolatloii, ilMiffbtep; 9ftiA\mg, vith 
"WBter. &c; a text to be recited when Animals are 
offend. ^rol(«M/.Bprioklad; killed, offiived In Mcriflee. 

^^^3ji W^Wlftl pravihhyatif f, celebrity, 

lenown. s, [dUfiea). *, 

JjlH ^R^fMKrfwi/^ m. a plant (Trieosantfu* 
^JL/J ^WNt piron& or paronS, a. to thread 

Om a BMdla% to itrlng (m pev^), to flpit h, 

^jj^ M^Dv^l parvanikof f. specks attended 
with pdn on the edge of tli0 oorne* of the eye. t. 

Ijj^ IMf prmvahf m» one of the eeven Vayus 

orwindi. 9. [of leather, h, 

^SA ^^^ p^rphof m. a walep*bttcket made 

•— ^J^ ^frtVOr purohit (also iftf^ prohit)^ 

m. a priest who pretldea at the perforoHOce of velt- 
gioufl ceremonies ; family prlMf. #. 

(J^JLii S^'tffm') jMireAt<aniy f« the wife of 

' a purohit or prieat, q, v. «, 

(^^j^ ndf^ parohaUf m, oarriagei vebiole, 
inatrumeDtBoftmoaporteUoii. «. 

l> j^ JV9T purfvaiyOf f. easterly wind, «• 
>iiV> j^ ^ifiC^in parivyadky ta, a tree (P/<?r 

mpermftm aem/olia) i a sort of resd growing m water 
{QiUhnus fatcicuiahit), s, 

*^JL/i '^ pravef, ro. barley, #, 

W**^aH ^ft5l^H|Hirfeirfa«, m, angnisbipaln; 

flMTfiaga, I, [a^eC f. 

j^Jji mf)Tprai?tr| besl| excelleoi; in. abero, 

l/*?.JlH ''^ prates or pravesh, m, entering, 

arrivug. «. 

^^lt?,j »> ^iftiilW paHveshtan, m. surronhd- 

Ing ; dreoroferenoe. parivesh^it eneloaedi pmrrouodod. 
covered. «. [serving up food. *» 

^jt^^j^'Vf^:^ parivBsIuinf m. surrounding; 

{j^'Jjl IV^l^ prawsharif m. the entrance ; 
entering. jmwrtAot, who antent m* an entry, i. 

.^vj^jtj^ V%1VQ pravekshatiy m. foreseeing. 
prmP€kskU, foraaeen. proiwMyal, a^, tbreseeing. g, 

JAj^ 1|^ pravelf m, the yellow variety of 

tha kidney bean, t, 
ujl3/l parvin, m, the Pleiades, p. 
M>»j^ W^t^pravin, intelligent, skilful, wise. $. 
\ll> ^ t> V^fhiniT pravinata, f. wisdonii intelli- 

genoa, ^iU, #• 

1^13 A V^^l'^^^'^'* ^^ n^f^ pravent, f, the 

" hair twisted and nndecorated, as worn by women in 
the absence of their husbands, t. 

j\^j>^ VfTt prahar, m. the act of beating, 

• atrofca. f. 
y^j^ ^ifiCfR jyarihavy m. disrespect, s. 

«il^^^ V1[R^ prahartf m, one who beats or 
atrlkaa. «. 

(ji>U^ in|T9 prahSs, m. loud laughter, jwa- 

hast, laughing aloud, causing laughter. «. 

{J^^jt ^ftfTH pariha$, m. jest, joke, jeer; 
Mirth, pastune. parUuu-9ed^, m. a jester, a wag. ». 

d4^ ^VtflfV par-hit^ friendly, benevolent , 
fpood for another, «. 

y>^ Vfl prahar, m. o watch of the day or 

night ; a diTision of time, consisting of 8 ghoHs or 
about S hours. $, 

M»J^j>^(^(^!W prakankit or Tf^ prahrUht, 

delighted, very happy. «. 

^^ji>j> ITffWt prdharshini, f. a species of 

** the atijagatt metre. #. 

y;^ ^flg<Hr>>fl?'iAflran, m. seizing, taking; 
Ita? lag, abandoning. «. 

^Cl^ inn?mrf<9W prakaran-kaUka, f. 

a species of the tarkari metre, tf. 

^;l^ ^(VilMl pariharnay a. to leave, to for- 
sake, to abandon, to desert, to take away, clear off. s. 

i^j^ji If^ praharl or ^Vffl3^ pahriya, m. 

a imtchmao* a sentinel, i. 
J*^\A '^•'^ P^ra^sar, one who goes first, a 

leader, a preceder. f . 
^^«*i^ Vim prahasanf m. loud laughter, 

nirth t sareasm, ridicule, irony, prdhamt, adj. laugh- 
ing heartily, «. [mine, t, 

^jtnijh^ HI^rA prahasantl, f, Arabian jas- 
(3)U^ V^V^ prahladf no. pleasure, joy ; the 

name of HiranTftksha's pious son, and regent of one 
division of Patftl. prohladlt, rejoiced, delighted. «. 

j^JifPctrheZj m. abstinence, forbearance, con- 
tinence, control of the passions, hadi-parhezt abstain- 
ing from evil, parhet-k,* a. to control one's passions ; 
to abstain from ; to observe a regimen, p, 

J^jiftxl porhez-gar, one who controls his 

passions, abstinent, temperate, p. 
i^J^j^A parhez-gari, f. abstinence, control 

of the passions, p. 

i«Uis> parhezif fit for a person under a regi- 
men (also tha same as parhez-gar, q. ▼.). p. 
^i^t^j^ Vfftyvr prakeliha, f. an enignut, a 

riddle, t. [prived of, deserted by. t. 

Vjjl^ ^ift^hff parihlnf waned, faded; de- 
^jJ'X^parBy beyond, yonder, pare rahna, to 

remain at a distance. #. 
fcJ party f. a fairy, parl-paikar or pari- 

ehihra, angelical, fairy-faced, p. 

i^J puri, f. fulness, completion, p. 
iSA'^ P^ri, f. (same as pur, &c.), a city, 

town. 9. 


WfH ( 

<^ ftni prii/a, m. beloved^ dear; m. a bos- 
band, a lover ; a sort of drag commonly called Biddhi. s, 

V./J ftnn prit/a, m. beloved, dear, a sweetheart, 

ht priyet my dear I $, 

O^b^ 1K^(^ prayasf m. trouble, labour, de- 
sire or pursuit of any object, t. [tidinga. «. 

&A^^^ finnV^rtyaAA^a, announcing good 
i^-Ax^ inrnr prayagj m. the modem AUaha- 

bfid, a celebrated place of pilgrimage at the confluence 
of tlie Ganges and Jamuna, together with the suppoaed 
subterraneous addition of the SaraswatI, aooordmg to 
the HindQ creed : ia oomp. it applies to several places 
of reputed sanctity, as, Deva-praySg, Rudrorfrayagt 
Kama-praydg &c. s. 

Jbj^ filing priyal, m. a tree commonlj 

called piyal (Buchanania latifolia), s, 

^b^ iniTOjprflyan,ra. going forth, departure; 

death, march, invasion, prayan-kal, time of departure, 
death, s, [ing kindly, t. 

^^l^j^^ ftl IIH I i(4U priya-hhashan, m. speak- 
^lA ifhr priff kind, affectionate, beloved, 

dear. m. delight, s, 

d^j^ irtfir prit or priti, f. love, friendship ; 

the second of the 27 astronomical yogs. priti-pSrvakt 
ndv. through kindness ; priU-dan, m. a friendly present. 
prUi-dayot m. a gift of affection, priii-man, kmd, affec- 
tionate. t» 

^irv ^P*^^ 01* '^'itxparet adj. dead; m. a 

spirit of the dead, a ghost, pret-paksk, m. the dark 
half of the month, pret-karm, m. funeral rites, pret- 
grih^ m. a cemetery, pret-lok, m. the region of dis- 
embodied spirits, in which they remain one year, or 
until the obsequies are completed, pret-nadt, f. the 
river of hell, s, Cy*ini). h, 

\jj^ T^ftiTf pareta, m, a reel (for Avinding 

Uj» J ftnnfT priyata, f. love, affection, s. 

J^,j>, finmr priyatar, dearer, more beloved. *. 

f^i^i iflHH prxtam or fimnt priyatam^ dear- 
est, most beloved ; m. a lover, a husband. «. 

C^Jv '^^^^^ jyrayatna, m. continued effort, 

exertion; act, action; caution, care, prayatnawan, 
active, zealous, persevering, s. [yarn ). h, 

lju> J. vi'lf«n paretna, a. to reel ( thread or 
(J^ji Sinft preiriiy a female pret or ghost, 

** a ghostess. s. [testing (gold or silver), s, 

^^j> ("^rfhST for irftWT) pauchlta, f. trying, 
lH^jI (mOiA<4i for irtt^pF) parichhah, ra. 

one who tests or examines, s. 

[2^^{JJ>, parl-Hnmny m. a magician, one 

who " calls spirits from the vasty deep." p. 

^^^A P^^'^'^'^f 0"c >^^<^ controls fairies ; 
also one who is spell-bound by fairies, p, 

{^y^'^.ji ftni^^ priya-darshan, handsome, 

gocd-looking. m. a tree {Mimusops kauki) 9, 

^t)j •> paridan, to fly, to soar on the wing, p. 

196 ) 


</J^*H^ MIImI^ paridham, m. the forty- 
first year of the Indian cyde. «. 

0;>;J TtfOfprerit, sent, directed, despatched. «. 

j^^^**^ji^j^ pari-ru^ar, angelic, fairy- 
cheeked, p, 

t>jlj>, StW preranAm. the act of sending ; 

^ji HK^premd, J command. #• 

jj(^/>flri-rw, fairy-faced, a beautiful woman, 

plur. pttri'Tuyan, p, 

•^!/i^ pan-2wrf, fairy-born, Le. beautiful. ;>. 
^Uurtgr^ pari'gtan, m. the region of the 

fidries. p, 

^^^>**lj> ftflTCPir pHya-mkh, m. a tree (Mi- 
mosa catechu,) s, [friend, a confidante. 5. 

^_54^*-i^ ftnwraft priya-sakht, f. a female 

^J&^(U«M^^ Hi 4| 41 1^9 priya-sandesh, ra. a 

tree bearing a fragrant flower (Mleheliaekampaea). t. 

U^ji 3^ P^^K ^* faeces, excrement, s. 

^L1j»^ pareshan, distressed, wretched, dis- 
persed perplexed, dishevelled, ruined, pareskan-^l, 
distressed m condition, pareskan-kahnat to talk fool- 
ishly, p. [dispersion, destruction, p. 

ijf^ji p(^reshanly f. distress ; perplexity ; 
^^Il>^ ^prethth, most or very dear. presA/Aa, 

f. a wife. #• 

tilj^ flRWiri^rfya*, m. a tree (Nauciea ca- 

damba) ; another tree {FimUiptera tomentosa), s, 

jWj>fmmi.priya^kdr, orttftf^priyakrit, 
kindly, doing good, a benefactor. «. 

a^^jlinnprayuktaf endowed with, possess- 
ing; connected with; compact, t, [prooC «• 
^«^ji ^^rSl^T pariksha, f. examination, trial, 

LiiS^ dlfl preksha, f. seeing, viewing, ob- 
serving, s. 

C!ijJiSjj>, i|0ni|4 parihshit, the name of the 

grandson of Arjuna ; adj. examined, tried, proved. «. 

CLomAO ^fifir prekshit, seen, beheld, looked 
at. ff. [minea, <cc #. 

(i^l^V?^ ^^d^TV parikshakf one who exa- 

^jiSjJ^ ^T^hfUr pariAMan, m. trial, experi- 
ment, examination, s. [spectacle, sight «. 

(^r^ji d^9 prehshan, m. a public show, 

l^V^ ^ft?n parekha, m. repentance, regret, 

concern, h. 

\^l^j>^'^kj^parehha,f. (corrupted for pari- 

kslfa or partcllhd, 8ec), trial, examination, search, s. 

^ •> ^ pr^m, m. love, friendship ; prem- 

sagar, name of a well-known Hindi work so called, 
which details the history of J&w|ira. «. 

^)W^ fum^m priyamariy beloved, affectio- 
nate. #. 

( 197 ) 


^J^W^ fln^PftyS jn-iyam-hkavuhy b€- 

oome dear to. priyam-hhaiouktat t, amiabiUty, be- 
coming beloved. «. 

jA»ij>wni^jpr^m-j«ir, affectionate, loving. $. 

^)y^^j^^ji ^iKt^ftXKt prem-rang-rdta, co- 

krared ^tfa the dje of love; strongly in Iove» ena- 
nxnxred. s, [f^Datura). i. 

*y^^A ^^^^ P^ri'fnoh, ni. the thorn apple 
kJ^Jr ^^prerni, affectionate; a lorer. s, 
^jl ^^ puren, f. the placenta ; the plant 

of the Mus, K 

i^S^j^ ftnnp priyangu, m. a medicinal plant 

and perfume, or firagrant seed; panick seed (Panicum 
itdlicitm). s. [moon. s. 

^y>ji ^0^ paritva, f. the first day of the 

V:;i ^^wi^ar^rpS, m. a pigeon, h. 

•^'^ji ^rtNr? parivad, m. reproof, censure, 

abase, t. [flatterer, i. 

</»^ V^^i ftPWnft priyortfadi, sweet spoken, a 

partwar, m. dependants, family, 

[flow. «. 

^^j>A^P^^ltip€irirvah,m. inundation, oyer- 
t-^V^ >> V4hnv prayqjak, who or what 

causes or induces any act; who or what deputes or 
appoints ; m. a founder or instituter of any ceremony ; 
a legislator, t. 

ij^yiji ^^f^ft^^ praycjan^ m. cause, motive, 

need, occasion; intention^ detdgn; use, exigence. 
pratfttfan-wan^ designing, purposing, fraffojwu, neces- 
sary, requisite. «. 

mf^ytjt, VftilT prayqfya, m. capital, princi- 
pal ; a servant, a slave. $. [barter, t, 

CJj^j^ ^VtMl parivartta, m. exchange, 
i4;^ji fff^f^Pit pnyorwirt&f. a creepingplant 

' {BMtet fmteteent), «. 

O^JlOv P^^^'^^^9 ikiry-like, angelic, p. 
il/^^ ntf prayofff m. occasion, cause, 

retinue, s. 

motive, object, result ; device, contrivance ; example, 
comparison ; act. action, prayori, having some olgect 
in view, calculated for a partlcuJar purpose, t. 

^j^ "^tf pareh, m. soup made of rice (v. 

paiew). A. 

'^A ^i^ parehf 1m. land watered after 
^ Jv ^^^ /Mir^Aa, J ploughing, or flooded 

before the final ploughing and levelling of the ground. A. 
9JJ ftPT priyOf dear, beloved (see {SjO' 

0**^^-ji^^^ pariAa5, m. mirth, sport, 

amusement, s. 
lj> mi pura, m. a large parcel (of physic, 

key. pofUt m. the boundary of a field. A. 

Ubjji MSIMMI para-pdndf a. to find, to get 
caaUy. A* 

jCji ^^P^ pardpaff with reiterated strokes, s. 

^hj ^ffTfl pardndy a. to put to sleep, to lay 
aown, to cause to repose ; to cull, to gather, pluck. A. 

jVl> ^Rlif pardrvy m. halting, resting, sleep- 
ing; halting-place; camp, encampment} an army; a 
crowd, assembly. A, 

^15J}J ^nnifTfTI parpardnd, n. to prattle, to 

chatter ; to throb with pain (as the tongue from an 
add substance), parpar-rohna^ to chat, prattle, h, 

Ul»-J) M^^MI par-jdnd, n. to lie down; to 

ceaRe, as the wind ; to repose ; to abate. A. 

^J^ji '^^T^ parchhatiy f. a small thatch 
" thrown over mud waUs. d. 

^jPv Uf<('«1l par-rahnd, n. to be utterly 

helpless, to be in a regular fix. d, 
Aj^^ram, m. a coarse kind of cotton cloth 
used for tents, &c. d, [immodesty, d. 

{jj^j>, V^^JfX par-marffi, f. shameiessness, 
^jl "WfT parndy n. to repose, to lie down ; 

to fall ; to befall, to happen ; to encamp ; to drop ; to 
be confined to bed by sickness. A. 

|j^^ jMiriva, m. a large boat; a ferry boat. d. 
^h/i f^f^lHI pirtvdnd, a. to cause to press, 

squeeze. A. 

U^3ji ^^i^P^T^h ™* neighbourhood, s. 
^j»Mj^^itf^parosiny£. a female neighbour, s. 
Lf^^ji ^'^^^^ P<'^Tosi, m. a male neighbour. #. 
i^Jji^^^ P^T^h A ^^ ^^ sugar-cane sown 

in autumn. A. 

Ub^ M9tparhdy read, learned, of much read* 

ing. parha-gund, a learned, experienced man. s. 

^^1^ ^IIVRT parhdndy a. to teach to read, to 
instruct, to teach to speak (or sing) as birds, s. 

i^ji W«! parhan, f. reading, the act of 

reading, t. 

(2^1^ i|fi^|?arAtn,f. a mullet. A. 

^ji ^d«fl parhndy a. to read, to repeat, to 

say, to speak, to quote or recite. pa^hne-wdlS, m. 
reader. «. 

11^ ^Q^pff parhanty f. study, reading; a 
spell; f. 

U1jib«> tTnT«n parhtvdnd, a. to cause to be 

taught reading (v. jkirAona). A. [made. A. 

g^^ party f. a skin with which a drum is 

grt> T|rt part, f. a measure (v. paimdna.) d. 

bj^ ^Arm puriydy f. a parcel (of physic, &c.), 
a dose of medicine in powder, s. 

bj> '^fVKl pariydy f, a female buffalo calf. /i. 
^jiJji ^<C*n pare-rahnd, n. to be in a 

hopeless or desperate state. d» 

(J^Ji M'«M<jS paryal, f. sweepings. A. 
J> puz or ;w-r, (in comp.) cooking, baking ; 

framing or contriving (in the mind), p. 



(J'^J^ji pa^hmurdugiy f. rottenness, faded 

*' state, p, 

^«>/5^ pazhmurdan, to wither>fade>deoay. p, 
»3^^pa«Amiirda,withered,faded,drooping. jp. 

^ji^ pa», after, behind j at length, then, there- 
fore, finally, pas-andaz, savings, eomethiag laid up to 

provide for old age or want of emplojment $ labottl^ers, 
ice. call it maya i tawakkul* p. 

Lo inn pasd, m. two handfuls, as mucli as 

can be held in both hands open (same as m^l&, q- v.). s. 

i^\^pi8db or pishdb (for peshdb), m. the 

act of pissing, urine, p, 

*^U*> ftvni pisdch (for f^^in^ piskdch, q. v.) 

m. a spectra apparition, vision, a demon, t, 
t^^U*J ftWI^ pisdchl or ftrJl^tftpMocAni, 

''f. a female spectre, an ogress. «• 

I^ImJ "^mtVi pasdrdf m^ expansion, the act of 

spreading out pa$ara-k., to procrastiiiate and find 
obstacles to an easy matter. «. 

\3yLj tnrttn pdBdmd, a. to spread ^ to dis- 
tend ; to stretch out, to expand, to open. t. 

c^Lj tmttt posafi, m. one who sells Bpi<^ 

(«)ViM^ f^nrni f^mn^ m* meal^ floni't «i 
\^U^ 'NimPn j^tiiana, a. to redud« to meal, 

ilour, or powder; to grind. $. 

^i\m\ ^mm pa^dndp a. to skim ; to pour off 

Buperflttovflwatara ti 

ifAm{ t^url pasdft, f. ft kind of rloe< A. 

(/-^U^ ftflt^P»«d,i,f.prieepaid forgritidiiag.s. 

U^jmJ pdj-pa or j7a5-2>3,e, sitting cross-legged 

(like the Asiatics), p. 

or pashu^pdl^ 

jiolaik or paihu-^lak,. 
4jpl--**i ^^Ulc^«1 pasti^dlan, the rearing and 

tending of cattle, on^ of the duties of the f^aUya 
caste* k, 

^^^{j^ pas^d htmd, n» to decline ; to fall 

In the rear, to slink behind ; to retreat, to flee, to de- 
•ist &otn an aitempt. p, h, ' 

^AlH ^S^ pUS'put (for Ji^fJW pUshlfO^ 
puira), adopted 8on« jNW-ffif ft., to adopt a« a mm. «, 

0«4 paHi below, low. pasUfiiraU of in- 
ferior Understanding, of a mean dliposliion. p0tt' 
himmat, unambitious, past o buland dekkjid, to con- 
sider and take precautions against the vidssitudeft of 
fortune, pof-o/, behind thee, p^ 

^VIm^ pistdn, m. the breasts, hubbies, p, 
^\^ ^Wfn pattdnd, n. to regret, repent. #* 

feeder, t. 

ijkLm^ |im pu$tak, fi a book^ a volume. $. 

sS^pista, m. A pistachio iiat. p. 
^&M*> ^a«ft, f. inferiority, lowness. y. 
\^j^Js^pista^xrang, m. pea-green, p* 
%^j^{j>^pM-U»rd€kj m. leaviBgi (of food), 

dregs, olfai. p. 

j^ "TOt pasar, f, grazing cattle at night. A. 
j0*0>pisar, m. a boy, a son, a child, pisar- 

8&(a, il grandchild. jrud^fftiwSniltl, an adopted mo. 
pUri dkkyc^fi, a step-son, son of a wife by a former 
husband, pitri-mutabaimat an adopted son. pisar' 
kifpandagi, adoption of A sob. p. 

U^ '^Ifttjfrtpasatndf n. to be spread, stretched 

out, expanded. «• 

mjim^ pas-raUf or ^a«-raw, m. a follower; 

dependants ; train, equipage, p. 

(tfj^-Jjja^-ran?!, f. following I equipage, p, 
^gj***i pisari, f. boyhood, infanoy« p. 
u^ ~l pi^HP^ or pisj^lf a pistol. 6. 
^^Mf^U^X pas g^ibat, in one^s absence* p. 
^\j^ pfM-iad or *%aeU, a dwltrf (properly 

poii-^^d), p, a. 

(J^uH P^^^^^9 i^« f^oil, retraction, ji. 
O^Lm^ (^fl<jiimj7t«2ana,a. to cause to grind. A. 



rLiN^ ^^^j j^a^/t, f*. a rib, the prscordia. 

prndlpkafokm, a tliiiitin|; over tkne ribs, is applied to a 
perception of the condiuon of an absent person. A. 

9«wUyii^ patMnBnda, left behind, a snr- 

viVOTi p. 

UtaJ tW^ pisnSy n. to be fedutied to tneal, 

to be g^cmiidi td b« fitilitfd) dlikr^iMd) (iheft.) to be 
desperately in love, h, 

«3J«a> pttiafklf f. ahoice, approbation j (in 

oomp.) agfeeable toi pleasing, as dU'pamndt pleasing 
the heart pasand-h, to please, p, 

^ jj> Jmm^ pOMndldan, to approye of, to be 

agreeable. p» 

td^lSLm^ pasancSda, chosen, approved of, 

agreed to. p, [weight, &c. p. 

\iL^pasangd, m. (the same as pd8ang),tk 
ym^ 'npasu or pwhu, (see ^j^) m. a beast ; 

an animal. 9. 

^««J ft^l^uu or pi55fi, m. a flea. A. 

LT^LTvP^' op^sA, m. lit. behind and be- 
fore; evasion, prevaricAtloiL pat opeih-k., il t» pre 
varicate. p, 

\Sci'ym>^Wf(9{J pasijndf a^ to stitch. A. 

^_j4— ^ ^Wl?t pasyhl, f. a kind of wild rice, 
" growbig in shallow ponds. A. 


ID* panpiratioD^ 
sweat, s. 

JL^f^'fimpUhab (for pe8h3b),m, urine, j?. 
^ll> ftlVI^ pishach, m. a aprite, a fiend^ a 

■pectre ; an tnfornal imp or ghost, deseribcd M fiotoe 
and raaligimBt. piskach-drut m. a tree suppofled to be 
bmmted'by gohuna {Trcphis aipera), puhach-graaia, 
poeaeoed of a demon, a demoniac . fUikSuHad, i, a 
female sprite, t. 

M|^^ V!^C(H pashSUf xn« a stone, a rock. 8* 
kiiAM^JOT |nic^ oTpnuJiipay ]&• a flower, the 

meniM i tha oat of KitYcra t apfldf a on Ibe eye, albngo. 
MckpftyaaXpreaaiitingioweFBlialdin both hands hol- 
lowed. i»Mftpafa«A,m.tbeTiilta. jMa/bpo-fwr, the city 
of Patalipatm or PaUbothn. pmtkpa^phal, m. elephant 
or vood-ap^ jmamthekSmar, m. ft plant (jirtemiaia) ; 
a fragrant plant (Pcmdamu odoraiiMimus) having a 
largetmahy flower, futhfordantt m. the elephant of 
the nortb-weat^t<uE'ttr. jpiuApa-rat, m. the honey of 
flowers, jnuhpa-rakta, m. a shrub (Hibiscus phoeniceus}. 
pK^ipa-renu, m. the fkrhia of flowers, pushpa-rochan, 
m, a plant (Ifejaa/^rrea). pushpa-^Hr, m. the honey of 
flowers, pushporstmaii, m. spriqg. p^uihpt^Mn^a, 
flowerless. pushpa-kttraniak, m. Avantl or TJjiam, 
or the grove in its Tichiity, sacred to HahftdeTa. 
ptUkpa-ket^ m. caU of brass, pmkpa-kih m« any in- 
sect aflbcting flowers, puskpa-mas, m. spring, puskpa- 
MiA, £ a flower-garden. pfuhM-wai, fhwtty, jmshjpa- 
Mn, flowerless. pushporhmot f. the glomefOds fig-tree ; 
a woman whose menitniation has ceased, pushpi, 
flowering, s. 

e;^ V^ ^pBVnni puikpanfanf m* the calx of 

brass, s, 

\Zril ivtav pushpit, flowered, in flower. 

puthoita, t a woman during meiistriiatio&. puil^&grii, 
t, a form of metre. #• 

^^XJ^^Bn pu$hpak, m. calx of brass* the 

car of Knvera, ffod of riches : specks on the eye ; a 
bracelet of jewels ; green vitrioL pushpakansh, m. the 
green solphate of iron. #• 

^r*l vfiBBfm pushpikof f. the tartar of the 

teeth ; the mncns of the glans penis or urethra, s, 
Jjlxl> ^l|HVsB|f9 poihu-palval, m. a fragrant 

grass {Cypenu ro(undus), s 

^, ( 199 ) 

i P^V* provision for a journey | a^. 

"ready, prepared, p. 

U^^llihnnp<u9na,n. to peripire^ to sweat, 

to melt; to compassionate. «. 

{J!i^ panrif last, posterior, modem, p. 
,Jii^ paHnty modern, recent; pt pastniyan, 

" the modems* p. 

UamJ tnfttfT pasma, 1 
^JL-3 iwNf pasefVf r 

U^j^ ^^nWfpMmhaJ 
Lri ^ jEMi«Ati, m. an animal, a beast ; cattle. 

|Msfe»^. UL a herdsman. fOsAii-pflten, m. tefidlng or 
rearing cattle. pashtUa, f. pashuiwa, m. natw« of an 
animal, bestiali^. pashu-dharm, m. action or pro- 
party of animals ; promisenolis oohabitatlon, the marry- 
ing of widows, paslw^aj, m. a lion, pashu-rqjju, m. 
a string for fastening cattle, pasha-roman, m. the 
hairofananimaL jMuAu-Arrlvo. f. oopnlation. ptuhu- 
gayalrh t. a verse whispered mto the ear of an animal 
aboot to be sacrificed, s. 


puihty f. ancestry, a generation of pro-> 

genitors ; the back ; a second, an assistant, pusht 6a 
pushtt generation by generation. pusht-poAwt m. an 
mflammation or ph]i^(mon on the upper surface of the 
foot, ptisht par kisi Ice rahna^ (lit. to be at the back of 
one, or to back one) to support steadily, pusht panah, 
an ally, a support, pusht-l^amt hump-backed, pushii 
dost kisl pur mama or pushti pa mama, to rqject, to 
abandon, pushi dena (m Fers. pusht-dadan), to flee, 
run away (lit. turn one's bade, " terga dare **), p, 

Ul1> ftrflpfT pishit3, f. spikenard, s, 

\JaJLipmhtdrdp m« a load, burden for carry- 
ing on the back, p, 

U\xS*> pashidnd, to regret, repent. cL 
\j^^!iL^ pashiarvdf m. regret, remorse, d. 

\S|gw pusht'khdrf m. an artificial hand of 

ivoiy, ftc set in a long handle to scratch the back 
with* p* 

t^ll?«.> pushtakf a vice in horses, plunging and 
kicking up behind, p. 

pushtUf the Afghflu language. p» 
^ pushta, m. a buttress, a prop ; a bank, 

a quay ; a hUl, an eminence ; heap, load, a bundle, p. 

fCd^gSJL^ pushta-handij embankments of a 

river, p, 
^^^^^ pushd, m. backing, alliance, aid ; a prop ; 

"the cover of a book, pushtl-bdnt an ally, a supporter ; 
pu^hbdni, f. alliance, aid; support pushthk^ to 
assist, to support, to second, to back, p, 

k2LJL> VX pusht, nourished, fat; restorative, 

provocative. pus]^fanga, fat. s, 

viLw > ^fr i^tif^aVf.nourishing* pushti'da,^y 

nourisMng. pushfi-ddt f. a plant (Pkysalis flexuosa). 
push^'kaf, m, any nutritive substance, a provocative 
food. • 

u-AxSt^ f^npiihfap, m. a world, a diTision 

of the Uiiverse. s. [restorative power, s, 

ll^ll> ^TiTT pushtaid, f. fatness; invigoration, 

^JJLl^ fn^pishtaht m. a disease of the eyes, 

opacity of the cornea, s, [cative. s. 

^*** * V^pushta,t, f. adj. restorative, provo- 



^ "^rarif pashchdt, after, afterwards, 

behind ; westward, pashchat-tdp, m. repentance, s. 

jj^^'^^V'^pazhchimj west, western ; behind, 
^ after, s. 

\C£^ V:^j^p<uhulia, f. any small animal, s. 
jXlj 5«aitp««AAar, m. the sky, heaven; a 

lotus {Neluinbium speciosum or Nymphaa nelumbo) ; a 
drug {Costus speciosus) ; a place of pilgrimage odled 

Pokar in the province orAimir; one of the seven 
great dwtpas or divisions of the world ; a mountain in 
the same dwipa ; a pond or lake, pushkar-mulak, m. 
the root of the costus speciosus. s, 

^^xl> juhr<.llfl pushharini^ f. a large pond, 

a lake. «. 

Jl^^n3V9:pu£/iAa/, excellent, best; much, 

many ; full, complete ; m. the mountain Mem ; the 
holy place, Pushkar. s. 


( 1200 ) 


(jtxl> pish'kash (for pesh-hash), a present, a 

tribute, p, 
^jl^ pishkil, dung of sheep, deer, &c. p, 
^JLypashniy f. woo], hair (pubes turn maris 

■ tumfoemintB). pashm par mama, to be perfectly con- 
tented and independent, to despise, disregard, pashm 
samajhna, to despise, pashm na ukhapta^ to suffer no- 
thing from the enmity of another, not a hair of the 
head to be touched (spoken in great contempt of an 
adversary), p. 

<^»^- ^ pashmak, a kind of sweetmeat, p. 
pashmty 1 

, pashmin, ^ woollen, made of wool. p. 

» » * »■ * ■ > paskmtna,} 

cA ^^^ phhun, wicked, relentless, cruel ; 

▼ile, low; stupid, a fool ; m. a spy, an informer, pishtm- 
vakya or pishun-vaehan, m. evil speech, slander. «. 

tLl> 04^ til pishuna, f. a gramineous plant 

{Trigonella comieulata). s. 

iifc^ f^^ljf pishang or pishangi, tawny, 

brown. pishtangatS, f. tawninest. s. 

«>^ ^ * * > > pashang, a mattock, spade, hoe; also 

a man's name, the father of Afrasiyah. p, 

jV*^ pishwoz, f. a gown, a female dress, p. 
*-!> pasJia or pashsha, a gnat, a fly, a mos- 
quito, p. [hog-plum. ». 

t/^i^rA ^iJ^^Jrt*! pashu-haritaku f. the 

Jju^ pashiz, a small piece of money. /?. 

^Uxl> poxAemaTi, ashamed, abashed, dis- 
graced, penitent, p, [morse, p, 
^l»xJj pashemant, f. regret, penitence, re- 

•* V '^p^shyUf m. the eighth lunar asterism, 
comprising three stars, of which one is Cancer ; the 
raonthPatu (Dec.— Jan.). pushya^putr, an adopted son. *. 

lib ftrw piky f. name of a bird (Cuculus 

Judicus); the kokila, fiA-Aayoni, having a voice like 
the pik. s, 

lib ftm pikk, m. a young elephant. 5. 

tjhTrmpahk, Iripe; boiled, 

w iniT, ^njF paka or pahkajj dressed (op- 
posite to raw) ; baked (as bricks), made of brick ; cun- 
ning, knowing, pakkd-k., to establish a claim, or an 
agreement, or a proposition, so that no doubt or sub- 
ject of dispute can remain; to build with bricks. 
pakS-pakdya, ready cooked, pakka-ghar, a house built 
of baked bricks or stone. jpakkd-chiffhSf an authenti- 
cated, revised, or accreditea account, pakkd-ser, a ser 
of full and standard weight, s. 

j^ ^^^SKpuhar, f. pukara, m. a cry a shout, h, 

^^j^ ^(k\K^^\ pukar-dena, a. to proclaim 
publidy, to call, k, 

b;K> 5'TOTr ptihama, a. to call aloud, to 

bawl out, to cry ; to call or summon, h. 

(jii Kj frami pihahsJiQj m. a vegetable and 

perfume, commonly called rcchatiu t. 

^»> ^lIRt pahand, a. to ripen ; to dress 
victuals, to cook, to bake, s, 

ui^\^ f4mi\^ pikdng, m. a small bird, called 

also chdtakiytu s, [«. 

«3J3K> (^m%n^pikdnandjm. the spring season. 
^^ ^Wn pakdw, ro. suppuration. pakd,u, 

suppurative. *, 

(^\>^ "4*1^ pakdfl, f. dressing, ripeness, s. 
>4\AAX^ f^mw^ pih-bandhu, m. the mango 

tree, s, 

^^AA^ fM*^i«t|1 pihrbayanl orfinA^ptA- 

baini, t possessing a voice like the kokila, «. 

CJjij ^W'R pakpan, m. ripeness ; canning, 

cleverness, expertness. s. 

Uyi»CLS>'^fni^pakii'Shulf m. inflammation 
of the bowels, cholie. «. 

(^j3iNx> pahdandi, f. a footpath, d, 
'^VM^ pakar, f. the act of seizing, seizure. 

capture ; objeetion, difficulty, h. 

^^p^ M9SMI pahrdnd, a. to cause to be 

caught, seized, or laid hold of; to deliver over or give 
in cnarge. h, 

^(^jjjX) pahar-handi, f. proof, evidence; 

capture, seixing. d. 

^ipj^np^ pakarnd, a. to catch, to lay hold 
of, to seize, to apprehend ; to object. A. 

{J*^ V!^ pakshf m. half a lunation, a fort- 
night ; a partisan, a friend ; a side, a flank, paktkdghdt, 
m. palsy, hemipelgia. paksh4hpdt, m. partisanship, 
partiality, pak^-fodtit m. a j;)artisan, an adherent. 
paksha-fdtitd, f. adnereDce, friendship, pakskatd, f. 
the takmg up a aide, partiality, paktho'dhar^ m. a par- 
tisan, s. 

^J^^ ^*T^ pakshi, m. pakshinlf f. a bird* 

"pakshi-rdj, m. king of the birds, Oaru^ pakshi-skSia, 
f. a nest, an aviary. #. 

^i^ V^W^pakld, m. a sore between the foes, 

produced by moisture, h, 
U^ VW^ipaknd, n. to be dressed or cooked ; 

to ripen ; to suppurate (as an inflammation, boil. &c.) ; 
to turn grey (hairs). «. 

y^^'^pakwa, ripe, cooked, mature, perfect ; 

able, shrewd ; grey (the hair); digested, pakwashay, 
m. the abdomen, the stomach. paheorkfrU, m. the nimtb 
tree, the leaves of which are used to induce suppu- 
ration, s. 

^^\j^ M4^|l| pakwdn or ^mw pakwdnna, 
m. sweetmeats, victnals fried in melted butter or oil, 
cookery of any kind, s, 

li^jxj iTOWfTjt?«An?awa,a. to cause to be dressed 

or cooked ; to cause to ripen, s, [cooking, h. 

t^-^^jXj xnPfT^ pahfvdfy f. price paid for 

Jj'jH ^^'•^ pakord, m.l a kind of dish 

tgj^ ^Whj?} pakoft or > made of peameal 

"^ivitit pakauri, f* J s. 


( aoi ) 


^^ Vimpahh (JorWBI pakska,q.Y.),m. a pe- 
riod of fifteen dayi. fortnight, half a lanatioD; two; 
Binstance, protectioo. «. [of a bow. d, 

Ul^'^fnn pakhata, m. the hom or corner 
b.l^^ MISK^I pakhdma, a. to wash. 8, 
i^^^nrnr^ pakhal, f. la large leather 

^\^ Vim^ pakhala, m. J bag for carrying 

water usually double, and thrown over the back of a 
bullock ; also a leathern bag for raising water firam a 
well. M. 

^J\^^ VMT^paklidU, m. a water-carrier, s, 
^^\^^ ^^f^TH pakfuin (for pdkhdn)A to. a 
lil^ ifWnc^ pakkdnd, J stone. s» 

-^j^iS inSniT pakkdfvajf f. a kind of drum, 

a timbreL A. 

l5^J^^ ireunA pdkhdwajiy m. one who 

"beats the pakJidwaJ ; a drummer. A. 

^I^^X) ^?nCI^ puhhrajj m. a topaz ; name of 

a lunar mansion. K 

^JjAH "'"'^^ pakkrauta, m. a bit of gold 
or silver leaf covering a blfd or mouthful of betel. A* 

fjj^^ VIWtA jmkhfi, f. a petal, or flower- 

"leat A. 

1^^^ pahkwd or pakhu,d, m. a side, wing, 

flank, gable end of a house, d, 

^j4H ^'^'^ pakkotdt m. a wing, fin of a 

fish; side or flank, d, [blade, s, 

]j^^. ^Wtfl pakhaura, m. the shoulder- 
jj;^^ '^f^t^ pakJteru, m. a bird. 9. 
i^^mtn ^^^ pahhe$y m. mark, stamp, h. 
viL^ Vm poffj m. the foot, pagpat tar hajnd, 

to beat time with the foot, pag-dan^i, f. by-path. 
pagdan^-leiia, to track, to trace. «. 

U^. Wit pogd, m. a rope fastened round the 

ueek of a bullock, a tether. A. 

jUC> ipift v^9^'''y ™u<l kneaded for building 

or plastering walls ; (in Dakh.) pay, ealary, wages. ». 

»16 pagah^ f. dawn of day, morning, twi- 
light, p, 

3iV0 pagaJitaTj f. early dawn of day. p. 
lijllbiiviL^ HilMKHI pag-dhdmd, n. to travel, 

to depart, s. [chew the end, A. 

UU5 MiKMI pagurdndy n. to ruminate, to 
t^"*^ ITft pogfif f. a turban ; a species of 

poll-tax {v.p»g)> pagri afakna, to be obstinate, to 
perf ist or persevere, pagrt chhapafna, a. to act falsely 
oi treacherously. A. 

^Mi "TO^ p(igldf foolish (phrase peculiar to 
Bengal and the eastern parts of HindOstan). A. 

U.6 ^inn p^gnd, n. to be dipped in or co- 
vered with syrup ; (met.) to be in love. t. 

^i^ VfnfX paghd, m. (the same as pagd), a 

rope, tether. A. [or steel. A. 

\}Wk ^'^trgy pagkdly m. a kind of hard iron 
bl^O VlWnt paghdydj m. a dealer in cloth, 

metals, &c. A. 
^^^^ ^H^\^ \pighldfidf a. to melt, to fuse; 

to soften (an angry or a hard person), to assuage, s. 

j^^^ ^^l^;^pighldwoTpighldyO;ai. fusion.^. 
Ul^ f^nrgRT pighalnd, n. to melt or be 

melted, to be in fusion, s, 

U^J5 jfym paghaiyd, m. a trader in cloth^ 

iron, &c. A. 

UC) vf^t^ p<ig^^f ^- & turban, h. 

J>^ ^ pal, ro. a moment ; the sixtieth part 

of a ghafi or dand (21 pals are equal to one minute). 
pal m&rte» immediately, instantly, in the twinkling of 
an eye. jni/ marnd, to wink, to move the eyelid, p. 

J^> 2)ul, m. a bridge, an embankment, a cause- 
way, pul-gugar, a bridge toll, pul hdndhna, a. (to 
make a Bndge) to limit ; to abound, p. 

^ V!^ paldf m. a spoon, ladle for taking 

out oil, &C. pulOt m. a small bundle of plants or 
sticks. A. [^rami pt/2a, a bastard. A. 

5lb ftWT jnttd, m. a pup, a whelp, cubj 
"^"mgtpalldf m. space, distance ; assistance ; 

a border of cloths ; a sheet (generally applied to chintz 
or shawl) ; a l»g ; labium vutwt ; one shutter of a door, 
&C. ; bonier, margin. A. 

5^ palld, m. one scale (or side of a pair of 

scales). paUa-bdndhnOt to enter the lists against an 
enemy, palld-kash, partial, palla-kashh partiality. 
I pallepar kiti ke ana, to assist, to favour, to side with 
any one. palle-dar, a porter who has bags to carry 
burdens. pa//e-rfar», f. the business of a porter, p. 

6^ i|^l<{ paidd, m. f. a Rdkshas or demon, 
male or female, t. [humour, s. 

ij/^ M^^ l Oj paldgni, m. the bile, the bilious 
ij»>^ paldSy m. very coarse cloth, p. 

0*>^ ^^tWV polda or paldsk, m. a tree so 
called, on which the lac insect feeds {Buteafrondosa), 
palds paprd, m. the seeds of the Butea frondosa, used 
in medicine, s, 

trf*»^ Mt^l^n paldst, m. name of a village 

••(vulg. PUtssey), famous for one of our earlier victories 
in India, s. 

O^^ Vl^fT^ paldshf ro. a tree (see palds). 

*JL^U»^ M^IVIW paldshdhhya, ra. assa- 

foetida. $, [clinata ; the paldt tree. s. 

<i^J^^ Mf^lV^ paldshaky m. curcuma re- 

^_^^ "^^Djft paldsht, f. lac ; m. a goblin ; 

"a sort of mimusops (m. kaukt). s. 

i|Si^ 5rni pldksha, m. the fruit of the hi- 

htsctis populneoides, t, 

lo^i M($l<f paldn, a space of ground between 
two occupied lots, left for future disposal. A. 


( 902 ) 


^"^paidn, 1 m. (corruption oi* polun), a 

^^ palana, J packsaddle. p. 

^^ M<:^MI palana, a* to run away, to flee, 

to escape. «* Q>l7 with drink. A. 

^^ f^C^MI pildnttj a. to cause to drink ; to 
^^ ^l9T1fT ^o/anna, a. to eaddle a borse or 

buUock. p, 

*^^f ^l^np pcdanduy in. an onion. ^« 
vi^^ ^99T]f pcUdng, m. the Gangetic por- 

poUe. «. 

-^1 ,_ nliatching. A, 

J j^J M<|j&l4 palajv, m. J '^ 

9^ Sn^ ^/av. m. submersion. «. 

j5l> pulUfO (properly piZau), in. a kind of 

disb made up of rice, Bpices, and flesh or fowl. )uiwa 
ka pul&fO, a castle built in the air. " Lord Bjron has 
been laughed at by many an ' old Indian' for writing 
thia word 'pilaff/ making it rhyme with 'quaff/ but 
the fact Ib, that his lordship's Anglified term comes 
mndi nearer to the real word, which is Persian, than 
our barbarous Indian corruption of it." p, (B.) 

^j^ ^TSfWn paldfOna, n. to flee, to run 
away. t. [away. s. 

j^W,^ Xrgrnnnf paldyaman, adj. running 

^^ ^l^rnR pcddyan, m. flight, retreat. 

paldyan-parayan, fugitive. $. 

(/"^cU P^^^^^i f* ^n embankment, dykes 

or mounds raised to prevent inundations ; keeping a 
bridge &c. in repair, also a tax levied for that purpose $ 
sodomy. pnU-bgndi-k,, to ravish, to violate, p. 

J^b pilpily m. pepper, p* 

^L^ rM^fM^ I pilpild or ^9^91 pulpula, 

soft, flabby, flaccid. K 

^ A^b OngfMgMI pUpildna, a. to soften. /«. 
^^^i^ y^V<j&'MI pulpuldnd, n. to fear, to 

dread ; to take a morsel into the mouth, and from tho 
want of teeth being unable to chew, to turn it aboat. h. 

vi^^^^f>T9f^(9ll7pi^|'t2aAa.^, f. softness, h, 
vJLJb^Ub y^lj^lt^ pulpulakatf f. fear ; the 

act of turning about a morsel in the mouth. A. 

ClA>^ ^ P^'^U zn. the protracted utteranoe of 

a vowd, being three times the length of a short voweL #. 

IS^U V4A). i|gn<H H l H I (also i|97mTCn)}ia?«Aa 

(or jM/^)mania, n. to sit down on the gtonnd resting 
on the buttocks, h, [the buttocks. £ 

^^4^ ^9^*1 paltkt, f. a mode of sitting on 


Ul^ Vl^fZt palfdf m. turn, stead, exchange, 

recompense, revenge, retaliation. 7u 

bUL> MHj^^MI palfam, a. to cause to turn, to 

convert, h, 

Ul^^ljSi^ V!^Z\ 9T«n palta kkdnat a. to turn 

over head and heels ; to overturn, to be tUted, to re* 
bound. A. 

\^\ji^p(iUd-lend(r,palat4»),to revenge,&c.^. 


^^^'^^^^Kjn padtdm or palfd,o.m, contradic- 
tion, reaction, rebound, h. 

UjJcSJI) i|<^^^fil palaUlend or paltd-lena, a. 
to take in return, to revenge, toezact retribntioa. h, 

^2p^ V[^Z^paltan, f. a battalion, a repment k* 
UjlI^ '^^^ return, to turn back ; 

to retreat ; to overturn, to rebound ; to change. h» 

U^Ul^jib M^^l mrja paltlMrmdmd, n. to sit 

down on the ground resting on the buttocki. A. 
Jl> vfi^pulij, thai land which is cultivated for 
every harvest, being never aUowed to lie faUow. A« 

^•^^ ft9^l«n pUachna, n. to adhere. h» 
\^ Vl<9^ palrd, m. a scale, ue, one side of a 

pur of scales, h. 

(^j^ PH^fl pUri, f. a kind of forced meat A. 

(Ji^LJ^ pUsdt, f. yellowness, yellow hue. d* 

l^Ly^^ pul sirdt or puli Hrdt, m. the bridge, 

over which Moaalmans pass into paradise.— N. B. the 
wicked are sure to fall thence into the bottomleaa 
pit. p. 0. 

C*»A> pilisht, polluted impure, unclean ; 
(met.) f. an adulteress, a strumpet, p. 

(^^ "^f^t^palaky f. the eyelid ; a moment; 

palak darya, m. clouds ; pdlak mama or -ma^Araiia, a. 
to wink. /}. 

Cl<i l > S^fVH pulkit, joyful, rejoiced. J. 
(jM>b mr plakshUf m. wayed-leaf fig-tree 

{Ficus h^fectoria); another tree{Hibitcu$populneoides)i 
the holy fig-tree {Ficus religiosa); one of the seven 
Dwipas or <uvinon8 of the world, i . 

^^3i> il^nA pulktf m. a sort of Kadamb 

** (Nauclea cadamba), c 

(^ ]|f9H pulin, m. an island of alluvial 

formation, a small island or bank left in a river upon 
the falling of waters, s, 

U> f^ijRI pUndf a. to attack, to assault; n. 

to be bruised, thrashed, trodden, pressed, gnwuid* «. 

U> i|9in jMi{na, n. to be reaped ; to be fatten- 
ed, to thrive. «. 

(5Jlb ^tf^ pulind, m. a barbarian, an outcast, 

one inhabiting mountains and forests, s. 

^JJib '^ISff^pulindd, m. a bundle, a parcel. A. 

^^-^ ^^^^SH pcdanQy m. a bed (without cur- 
tains), a bedstead, palang^posh, m. a coverlet, a coun- 
terpane : this last oompound is commonly caUed a 
"palampore ** by Europeans, palang fin chor^ "the bed 
and three thieves/' the oonsteUation called '* Charles's 
wain" (B.) p, 

\iJsb palang, m. a tiger, a panther, a 

leopard, palang'-^fgim, tiger killer, a fierce warrior, p* 

iiX^ ^f^nf 9 pfding or ^flinV pvUingap the 

masculine gender, t. 

c^jXJi^il91f^ palatini, f. a small bedstead* A. 


C 203 ) 


a worm, s. 

^Jib pcUangt, of op relating to a tiger, tiger- 

**likc, fierce, ferocious, p. 

^. mplav,m. a diver, a bird bo called (P^- 

lieamu fnticollU) : waved-leaf fig-tree {Ficus infectoria) i 
a sort of grass {Cyperus rotundus) ; firagrant grasa la 
general, s. 

^ ^im paUav, m, a sprout, a shoot, a branch 

with the leaves attached, s. 

jb Tl^pallu, m. the hem of a garment, the 

border of a gannent. patlU-ddr, a gannent witti gold 
or silver border, h. ^ 

•^^ ^99in^ palwarf m, a kind of boat of 15 

to 20 tons burden for carrying goods ; applied chiefly 
to the slow heavy craft in the Sunderbuns : it is consi- 
dered to have come originally ftom Dacca, h. 

c^^y^ M<#NK1 palwart, m* a boatman, people 

belonging to a boat or ptdtoar, h, 

^\^ M^^l^l palvoamj a« to cause to be 

reared or nourished* s» 

l^^ "^rrftTT pallauthd or palaufhay first-born 

(f^^Mpahilaufha or paklaufha), k, 

d)«b >9irnv pallavak, m. a kind of fish 

{Cypriuus denikulatus), s. 

<J^ ^99^9 paltval, m. the name of a plant 

(7WcAosaa<Aef dkrica, Roxb,), palwal-hU$, the ^lant of 
folwal). «. [tion. s, 

^^ Jt^^ plavan, m. a deluge, an inunda- 
«b palla, m. a side (as of scales), (y. palla). p. 
il) pulOf Qod, tender ; hollow, d. 
V|l> fiffff pliha, f. the spleen (t* pHha). $. 
Ul^> Mflcfl pulkafwiy a* to persuade, s, 
^>X^^ fllf^ pUhan, m. the spleen, i* 
^«)^> Mf^mi palhitida or patihndd, m. \ 

^gjj^> ur«(Ui) palhindi or palihndif ij 

a shelf upon which water-pots at^ placed, a place 
where water is kept* h, 

^j3l> f\|^^ pila,if f. the spleen ^ a disease 
"from enlargement or inflajnmatiaa 9f the fpteem t» 

^ i|^ pali, fi a ladle used to take out oil 

**wiCta. h. 

jj^ irt> palii, f. a small village j a bou«e 

'Usaid. A. [ofatrea. k, 

^J&J i|9| pa&i,i, fi a joung branch or spray 
CajJi) j>a!i^ (for paCid), polluted, unclean* />• 
OsJj)^ <I<#1a pa/t^, m. a ghosts spirit of the 

dead* A. 

UuAj ^IjShrt jwifi#a, m. a match (of a gun); a 

candle. palitH chdf^ani, to flash in the pan. p, 

^(^^^1a ^^m paleikan, m. dry fiour laid 

under and over bread when it is rolled, pakthan 
pakana^ to contrive tlie ruin of any one. fmlethan 
uikalna, a. to beat severely. A. 

(^jJl> piUd or paRd, unclean, polluted, p. 
iji^^ palidi, f. uBoleannese, excremenU p. 

^^ "^t^ palCfO, m. soup , pounded rice or 

flour put into soup to thicken it. palev or palefi, laud 
watered after ploughing, h, 

^ib jftfi pnha, f. 1 the spleen ; the organ, 
i:Aih 3'^ p^han, m. J or the disease of it ; 

enlaigem«nt of the mesenteric glands. «. 
j^4^ iftftft: ptihdri, m. the holy fig-tree 

(Ficut relighsa), deemed an enemy to spleen. A. 

Jil^^'^[t^[^ pWia'shatrUf^m, a medicinal 

(2;^^^^iiWfl pR^-ghna, J plant, com- 
monly called Bohini or Ilohera {Andersonia rohiiaka), s, 
Uw> "^T^ pampdp f. a river in the south of 

India, s, 

I ^ yjf ji;Mn, yt: puna, or jftf punt, again, 

also, afterwards, punorpuna ot puna-punar, again and 
again, repeatedly. «. 

^^ ^pun {tor'^punya), m. virtue,virtuoufl 

action, charity; (opposite to fiiult) ; merit s, 

fjl f^ pin, m. a sound, noise. ». 

^^> "TO pan, m. an aggregate number, con- 
sisting of twenty gon^s (q.v.> tiiat is, eighty fawris 
(and sixteen pans make a kdkan); a vow; promise; 
a bet, a wag^r, a stake at play! it is also used to de- 
note money in general; wages, hire, price; business; 
an agreement, a stipulation or clause in an agreement i 
(contr. of pan), as, pan-baffa, ra. a betel-box. #. 

/^ ^ni pun, a termination affixed to nouns, 

answering to the English terndnations ship, hood, nets, 
&c., as, larak-pan, cmldhood, hdUik-pan, boyhood, h, 

^ pan, oonj. but, yet, for. d. 

U^ V(t pari&, a termination added to words 

to denote trade, state, or condition (also the same as 
pan), as jauAori-jMrndf the trade of a jeweUer. A. 

U). inn punmu, a. to abuse, revile, h. 

Uj tmr panna, m. a beverage ; the upper 

part of a shoe ; a termination answering to pan, q.v. A. 

U> int panrid, m. an emerald ; a leaf. i. 
Ii3 f^W pinna, m. a cake of mustard-seed 

remaining after the expression of the oil, which Is 
given to cows, he, for food. «. 

l;Vij infra ponara,m.1a drain or pipe by 
j^Uj ^ilrt pamri, f. J which water runs off 

from the roof of a house, a spout, s. 

LiJU) ftrWI pinak, m. the bow of Shim, A 

musical instrument of one string shaped like a boW, 
the trident of Shiva, s, 

jili^ f^^imft pindkx, f. a sort of viol. s. 
i/U) ^^^CPipunndg, m. a tree from the flowers 

of whldi a yeUowish dye is prepared (BatUria tine 
ioria). s. 

5)Uj'*nn^j>a»a/a,m.Ksee|>anari); a spout. 
^J\i>irai5{tpafiafi,f.J panaR pamd, to be 

'*very fat(abone). t* 



UUj i|«||«1l pandnd, a. to cauee the milk to 

come ioto the udder of aninulfl. A. 
sUj pandhj f. shade, shelter ; protection ; 

aaylam, refuge, panah-dihf a protector, panah kisi se 
mdngnd, to seek protection, to avoid ; used in comp. as 
jahdn-fanah, asylum of the world, your Majesty, ada- 
tat-pandh, refuge of justicei your Worship, p. 

^(^ ^nPfJT 7?an-6a«5, m. a betel-box. h, 
ftjuj pumba, m. cotton, pumba ba^^oshf deaf 

(lit having cotton in the ear), pumba-dahan, silent in 
company, taciturn ; mealy-mouthed. pumbsHloz, a 
carder of cotton, p, 

\l'^f A> ^npnn pan-bhatta, m. a mixture of 

water and boiled rice (for drinking), h, 

^*^^Af^ ^H^jl pan-bftattdy m, a betel-box. h, 
^^^fij pumba,t, made of cotton, jh 

^^^ ^hn^lT pawpand or M4MMI panpdnd, a. 

to cause to flourish, to promote the prosperity of ano- 
ther ; to refresh (little used). A. 

^^f^fJ^ '^^^Ht panapnd, a. to commence in- 
creasing in bulk (a man, tree, &c) ; to prosper, to 
flourish, to thrive, to shoot, to be refreshed, restored. A. 

^U^ ftnrftnfPn pinpindm, n. to twang, to 

whiz, k, 

*^^^^^ fTfftnrwp? pipindJiat or ^vl^vil^^ 

panpandhap, f. the whizzing of an arrow or shot. A. 

I^AA) ^nnrsn panUimd, m. a kind of sweet- 
meat. A. 

«4^ ^''^ p^nth, 1m. a road ; a sect, a reli- 

^^^ V[^^ panthd,) gious order. «• 

^^^ ' jJ M«^ panihlj m. a traveller ; a sec- 

"tary, a follower of any pecnliar sect or master ; generally 
used in comp., as kabtr-panthl, a foHower of Kabir. s, 

^^^[9 punjy m, an aggregate, the whole, a 
^beap. f. 

JJ panj, five, naye panj, of five years old. 

male par\jt of ten years old (these applied to horses 
only), patij *aibi shar'i, very vicious (possessed of five 
vices, i.e. robbery, adultery, gaming, drunkenness, 
falsehood), panj-dyat, the five chapters of the Icur,dnt 
which are read during the mourning of a Musalmfin. 
paig tani pdkt the five holy persons, i.e. Muhammad, 
Ah, Fdiimot HatoHt and Htuain, p. 

«— ^lirfi panjdb, m. the country inhabited by 

the Sikhs, so called from its being watered by five 
rivers, p, 

fjf^^ panjdbiy of or belonging to the Panjdb ; 
** Ithe language of the Sikhs, p. 

\j\^^ panjdrd, m. a cotton-carder, rf. 
CULij\S>, panj an/jushiy m. cinq-foil p. 
»l^ /?an;a/*, fifty. |?aw;aA««m, fiftieth, p. 
<*2.*^ f^^pinjaty m. the concrete rheum of 

the eyes. «. 

j^ ftlW pinjavy yellow, tawny, -reddish 
yellow ; m. a I>ay or chesnut horse ; yellow orpiment. *. 

204 ) ^, 

^;*H irat panjary m. or panjriy f. a rib. 5. 

j4^^ f^rar pinjar, 1m. a cage ; a trap, pinjrd 
J;^fTOfTT7«n;Va,j hond, n. to be or grow 

lean, t, 
lS/^ MyO pa7ijariy f. a rib. s. 
jUuX) panj sdl, m. five years j a five-year 

old (horse), p. 


9^xL^ panjskamha, Thursday, p, ^ 
«--*J^^/?a«;-*at&, very vicious (v. pan;). p,a, 

'*^* ^r^4i panjikdy f. the register or journal 

of Tama, the record of human actions. «. 

9^ f^r^m pinjihdy f. a roll of cotton from 

which the thread is spun. «, 

ailCiH panj-gdna, fivefold, p, 

aij^ajH 2^an;-f7o«/ia,\ five-cornered, pentan- 

\^f^ patij-gund, J gular, quintuple, five- 
fold, p. 

J.^1^ panj-ganj, the five senses, the five 

stated daily prayers enjoined on all good Mttsulmans ; 
the name of a collection of five treatises on Arabic 
Grammar, jd. [grass, used as a vessel, s. 

Js^v ftmgji pinjVty f. two blades of ktisa 
^yt panjum, the ^h\i, p. 

{JT* f^yH pinjan, m. a bow used for clean- 
ing cotton, s. 

{j^^t^^f^pinjushym. the wax of the ear. 8, 

Jj^ft^ ptn/ii/, m. the wick of a lamp. s. 

T^P^^jti, m* a claw, the bunch of fives ; a 

sort of link or torch resembling the five fingers, which 
is also called pan;-«;Mlii^ a hand made of ivory, &a, 
to scratch the back, panja-phemd^ to overcome, to 
overpower, panja-k., a kind of wrestling wherein the 

uitagonisto lock their fingers together, pania-kagh, 
' » - blinff a hand, with w 

3 bylockinff thei 

. ; a kind of nrpAd 

the marks of five fingers, p. 

m. an iron instrument resembliuff a hand, witli which 
wrestlers exercise themselves by locking their fingers 
into those of the instrument ; a kind of bread bearing 

]j^^ ft ftl^KI pinjiydrdy m. one whose busi- 
siness is to beat and separate cotton. A. 

<-2-*-^ ftj^^ pinjety m. the concrete rheum of 

the eyes, a, 
\SJr^ ^WlOpan;iri, f. a medicine composed 

of sugar, ghx, flour, &c., given to puerperal women: 
caudle. #. 

^^"V^panchy five; m. a council, an assembly, 

a meeting, a company; arbitrators. panchSdhySy, m. 
five readmmi or chanters; f. the aggregate of five 
chapters ofthe 5Arf Bhdgavat, detailing the sports of 
Krufma with the Gopis, panchdgni, m. five fires 
amidst which a devotee performs penance, pmchdmla, 
m. the aggregate of five add plants, vii. the jujube, 
pomegranate, sorrel, spondias, and citron, panchdng^ 
m, five modes of devotion : silent prayer, burnt offer- 
ing, libation, bathing idols, and feeding Brahmans : 
an almanac; reverence by extending the hands, bend- 


( ao6 ) 


log the knees and head, and in speech and look. 
panek-bandht m. a fine equa3 to the fifth part of an v 
thmg lost or stolen. pa»ch-hhadra, m. a horse with 
five aaspldoua marks ; a sauce of five ingredients. 
fOMi^bhut, m. the five elements : earth, air, fire, water, 
and ether {okas), paneh-bhutaitna, m. man as formed 
of the fire elements, paneh-patra, m. five vessels ; an 
oflbring made in five vessels, panch-prdnt m. the five 
airs supposed to be in the body, panek-pami, f. a 
small shrub, paneh-piriyit any person, llindil or 
otiier, who worships the five pirs or saints of the 
MuMoimdns; a caste of ^atalM^s, panch-^Uw, m. 
the aggregate of five sprouts used in religious cere- 
monies: viz. spondia, rose-apple, bel or marmelos, 
citron, and wood-apple, paneh-panchanakh, m. five 
kinds of animals allowed to be killed and eaten : hare, 
porcupine, alligator, rhinoceros, and tortoise, poncho- 
iapa m. an ascetic making penance between four fires 
and the sun above, paneh-'firthi, f. five places of pil- 
grimage : Vishrinti, Saukar, Naimish, Frayig, and 
rushkar ; bathing on the day of the equinox, pancha- 
ratnot m. five precious objects: as, gold, diamond, 
pearl, ruby, amethyst, pancha-tugandhok, m. five aro- 
matic drugs: cloves, nutmeg, camphor, aloe wood, 
and kakkoUu pandut-twM, m. pL five things by which 
animal life may be accidentally destroyed: tne fire- 
place, the slab on which condiments are ground, the 
broom, the pestle and mortar, and the water-pot. 
ptmeha^ASkka, m. the hand. panehO'kanna, m. fiyre 
actions of the body or modes of evacuation, pancha' 
kosha, m. pL the five sheathes supposed to invest the 
so«d. p<meka-4toi, five spioes: pepper, ginger, &c. 
pemeko'koii, m, a pentagon. pancK-khaoM, consisting 
of five stories. panKh-gun^ five times, five-fold, paneha- 
gavjfo, five articles derived firom the cow : milk, curds, 
ghl, urine, and dung, pancha-lakthan, m. a PurSna, 
oomprefaending five topics : the creation of worlds, 
their destruction, the genealogies of gods and heroes, 
the reigns of Manus, and the actions of th^ descen- 
dants, paneha-hh, m. a compound of five metals : 
copper, brass, tin, lead, and iron, pancha-masyot m. 
the koil or Indian cuckoo. paneha^mUlt m. the aggre- 

Site of five roots: the bel, Premna longfolia, cassia, 
ilmena arborea, and the trumpet-flower, pctneha- 
«ii/i, £ the aggregate of five smaller roots ; Hedysarum 
gangeticum, H. la^podioides, Solanum melongena, 
S.jacquini, and Tnbulas lannginosus. paneha-mahS- 
ffogya, m. the five ^reat sacraments of the Hindfis, or 
the worship of sj^irits, progenitors, gods, Yedas, and 
mankind, l^ oiTenngs of perfumes and flowers ; obse- 
quial rites, oblations with fire, the study of the Vedas, 
and hospitality, pancha-nad, m. the Panjab, or 
country of five rivers, paneha-nakh, m. any^ animal 
having five toes, as the elephant, tortoise, ti^er, &c. 
paiukendriya, m« the five organs of sense, viz. eye, 
ear, nose, tongue, and skin; or those of action, as 
hands, feet, windpipe, anus, and parts of generation, s. 

JJ ^V*^ /KiftacA, f. a bowstring. $. 

^Ajf^d\^ ^ntn^panchadhyotU f. the ag- 
gregate of the five chapters of the Bkagavat pHrSna, 
comprising a detail of the sports of Krishna with the 

0^ ^m9 panchal, deceitful, canning; m. 

a country in die north of India, h, 
CJjti\^ ^inPIW panchamrit, m. a kind of 

sweetmeat made of five ingredients ; or the term may 
be applied to the ingredients separately ; and these 
are said to be curdled milk, cream, gm, honey, and 
sugar, t, [a lion. s. 

l*^^^ W9^W^panchanan,m.n ntime of Shiva; 
jj)jWv irar^ pancharvan, fifty-five. h. 
<JU>1^ ^^n^ panchayaty f. a meeting of 

any particular society, generally as a court of inquiry ; 
a jury, an inquest, originally consisting of five mem- 
bers, panehayati-jutl, an arbitration by persons of 

the same caste as the litigant parties, panchayati" 
^ingi, a domestic settlement of family quarrels, &c. 
panekayati-tarkdrt a court held by public authority. 
panehdyat-ndma, the written awara of a court of arbi- 
tration. s, 

fji}^^ Mmmfi panchayatl, f. (same as pan- 

" chayat, q. v.); also relationship, affinity t the sentence 
or award of a ptmchayat court «. 

^^ ^l^in panchatd, f. deatb, dissolution of 

the five elements of the body, i . 

yui^H ^HfilrV panchortatwa^ m. the five ele- 
ments or principles according to the Hindiis, viz. fire, 
earth, air, water, and ether or space ; the five essentials 
of certain rites, s. 

j^^ ^rav panchatra, a fee .or duty of five 

per cent leried irom a snooessful litigant, t. 

jX^^TQPfpancAa^n'a^m.deathidissolation. «. 
{^^^* '^f'l^Xafipanchadas or panchadash, the 

fifteenth. «. [fold. «. 

UtVfH ^mr panchadha, in five ways, five- 

(jJl^rH inrV panchak, f. a bowstring ; adj. 

five, relating to five, made of five, &c; m. an aggre- 
gate of five. t. 

LiS^v'^mWpanchaky taxes levied by the za- 

nanddrs, over and above the fixed revenue. A. 

^^^^mkH ^^n^p<inckakhan^lBopanchakhana^ 

consisting of five floors or stories (a house, &&). «• 

^iCj^ MW'^tf panrchahkif f. a water-mill. s. 
eL> yC^ ^Tin^ pancka-gavya, m. five things 

derived from the cow, as, milk, curds, ftc s. 

\j\^i ^ira^VT panch-lardy consisting of five 

rows^or strings (a necklace, &&). A. 

Lfj^^ ^ra^tft pancUafi, f. a necklace of 

five rows. t. 

ja^fH iT^nr pancham or panchamaf the fifth ; 

m. name of a rag ; also of a tur, or musical note. «. 

f««df^ ^iraift panckamt, also panchamin,f, the 

"fifdijday of the moon, s, 

V^a^ M^jlrt^ panchotaraf m. a transit duty 

of five per cent; a deduction from rent, &c., of five 
per cent. ; a custom-house, a toll-house. *, 

lj^^sHinJtTTorM«l^il pawcAora, earthen 

vessel with a narrow neck, and having a hole in the 
bottom. When filled with water and the mouth 
stopped, no water flows from the hole below tiU the 
hand, or whatever stopped the mouth, be removed (it 
is used as an experiment to iUustrate the doctrine of 
the horror wutU by the followers of Aristotle), h. 

^•.fcH xp^panchon, m. associates, friends, s. 
iZ^JL^y^ H^ntufil pancha vinshati, five- 

and-twenty. ». (the twenty-fifth, t 

JIlSjjdSfH M^NytAAH panchavinshatitam. 
^l^js^ ^IViT^T panchhdldf m. the tail of a 

paper kite. «. 

^^.aiH "^li^ft panchhl, m. a bird. «• 

panel, m, advice, admonition^ moral 



( aoG ) 


1 Jti^ pinda, young fruit just formed, d. 
Ji^jifindar (root of pmddshtan), m. ifaoaght^ 

imagination ; pride, self-opinion ; ^in comp.) imagin- 
ing» &c. pand-ar, one who takes or Ustens to advice, p. 

jIjj*^ J>^^^^^^^^f na. a fortnight, d, 

h^ ^'V^Cf pf^^utrahf dfteeii. pandrehwdn 
and pos^roAu^iil, the fifteenth. #. [wbocdla. A. 

U^43JJ ^^l^n^ pandfddna, a. to coax, to 
«iJL> ^H pandy m. a catamite, a eunucli. s, 
iil tnQ pandUf m, the pape of a sovereign 

of ancient Delhi, and nominal father of Yudhis^fkira 
and the other four Pan4ava princes, #, 


«x;> fVr^ls i7^ci^, Bir body, p^fpop $ balls made 

of flour or npe, and offered to the manes at • irpligipus 
ceremony or Hindus : they are afterwards thrown faito 
(the river or given to cows. pin4 jparna, to follow, to 
pnrsne, to be intent on. pind cAAwfSna, to avoid, to 
escape, pifi^-pushp, m. the flower of the atoka tree 
(Jonesia asoca); the China rose; a iQpVt • flower 
{Tabernamontana coronarla). pin^-pushpakt m. a pot- 
herb (Chenopodium album). pm4-pf*^i4t t * bitter 
gourd, pina-tailakt m. incense, oiibanum. pin^-daUt 
m. ptwentatioD of the obaequial cakes, pin^-got, m. 
gum myrrh, pind-muttay t a sort of gnus {Cypertu 
^tenuis), pind-mulf m. the carrot {Saucus tgrota). 
pin4^Jt m. a flowering shrub {Oleander odorum). s, 

\Sj^ pinda, ra. body, person ; a lump of olay ; 

a bundle or bail of string; balls of flour or rice (Tid# 
find), f. 

UjJ iim panda, ra. a minister or priest who 

presides at the temple of an idol ; f. iri8409)* ssieDce. s, 

^g^Kib^liii^ fV|4Ki(\|<|ii!) plndadhikin, pa. 

the superintendant of a funeral, usually the nearest 
relation, to whom bdongs the right of presenting the 
funeral cake. «. iJif»^» f* 

a ** ^ - 

j\^^ vUfftpindarj m. a tree (Trewia nudi^ 

Ui-;> ftnBTO pindara, m. a plunderer, pil- 
lager (among Marhaff&e). h. 

^^3jl> ftnpTcy pindalu, m. name of a fruit 

{Trewh nudyiora, Lin.; Rottlera indicn, Wtlld.); an 
esculent root, described as sweet* cooling, and diuretic ; 
(in Dakh.) yam. *. [coot, the diver. A. 

^<JU> ^J^^ panduhi, f. a waterfow], tbe 

•» ^^ 

C^JjL) irnpnf pandit, m, a learned Braliqian ; 

adj. learned ; an honorary title signifying doctor or 
philosopher. The pandits are the only men who un- 
derstand the SanskfU, the language in which the an- 
cient writings of the Hindus are composed, t. 

(^UIjj irf^pifTil^ panditanlf f. the wife of a 

" pain4it, 8, [larship. s. 

^^^UiXl) qnHAI^ pandita,ty f. learning, scho- 
*>l^Oi>^ pandiukhana,tti, (a corruption of 

handl'lstAna) a prison, lock-up house, h, p, 

idi^ijJ ijilrthir pundank, m. the elephant 

of the south-east quarter ; a sort of snake {amphitbiena) ; 
a sort of leprosy ; a white lotus, s. 

t^j«^ JJ*^^* pundariyaky m. a flower 

(Hibitctis mutabilis); a drug commonly caUed ptmde 
riya. s» 

<^«ij^ '^^^fK pinduk, m. a turtle-dove, s. 

{^J*^ pindri also ^^jpk^ pitifl, the leg, shin ; 

calf of the leg. h, d, 

^SjJ f^lfin^T pindila, f. a sort of cucumber 

(Cucumis madraspatan9u), #. 

Jii^ rl^m^ pindti, f. the calf of the leg, h. 

j3g^ pandu, fruit in general, d, 
i^jjli^^^^ili pan^urt, f. the name of a bird 

(Faleo), h, 

Jj^ fnslV pinfol, t a kind of white earth 

(used for whitewashing walls). pUt4^lif t orts, leavings 
of a meal, t, 

;^4^> fWt jMn^,f. the qpper part of a Shim-^ 

ling ; a lump of any thkig tiiat may be contained in the 
fist ; a sfnall due or ball of string ; a smaU altar of 
sand a cubit square, on which oblations are offered to 
the mapes of deceased persons ; the same as pind, balls 
made of rice, &c„ Qflbx«d to the manes ; a long'gourd 
{Cucwrbita lagenaria); a sort of palm {PhaenUc daclyli- 
fera)] a flowering shnib {Tabernamontana coronaria, 
Jler. pten,) «. 

viliA>i3>ii flnAlW pm^tak, m. a tree (P^afi- 

giteria ^Ano$a) ; a shrub {Tabernamontana coronaria). s. 

ji^lj^. fk^Mn<pinditaffar, m. a plant, a 

species oi tl^e ToberiHemontana. §, 

y>^5wl> MfiptirW pandiyayan^ f. the wife of 

a ;)a»^,pr priest, q.Y. i^ 

ji> yi^ft^war or ^J«TI]i| ;?ttfiar5y<i, again. 

punar-biim^ t ^ widow re-married. pimar-uUhan, m. re- 
surection. punar-janmd, re-bom» bom a^^n. punar- 
uhta, repeated ; m- tautology, punar-uktit f. repetition. 
punarrftavd, f. hog-weed {peerhavia diffustholaia), e. 

(juiy^ljf^lk^pumrbasu or punarvasu, m. the 

seventh mansion of the mooi^ ; Oastor and PoUuz. g. 

(jtOi^ ^RV panag, m. the bread-fruit tree 

{Artocarptu in^egrifolia). 9, 

ImJJ ll^m pama, insipid; f. a pustule, pus- 
tular au4 phlegmonold inflammation of the skin. s. 

ljJb^Li*ji> iNlTfin pansarhata, f. dealing in 

spices &0, A, 

\jilbi\— *i> VWIi.9t1 pansar-katta, m. a quar- 

tcr where there are many druggistB* shops, k, 

yp^Ui^ '^nUT^ pamaiif m. a druggist, a 

dealer in grooeries, spiees, herbs, &:c. A. 

a stand where 
water is provided 
for passengers. 



JU*J) M«mic9 pansal, 

ilUij "^HWVS^ pansala, 

5LJl> trsTTTW pansalla, 

sJLmI) ^iism punstrva, m. semen virile; viri- 
lity. s» 
{^y**^ i4?nnf pti^avan, m. a festival held on 

the mother's perceiving the flrst signs of a conception, s. 

t^«»^*-jj MtflT)^ pansoyh f. a small boat so 

called, vulg. panchway. k. 

ijjk»^^ ^i^t^ pansert, f. a weight or measure 

of Ave sen. A. 


{^n^^ ^i^Vgpanskchihna, m. the penis. «, 

( 207 

(^JLz> m( panhy m. mud, mire, clay, yanh- 



/tfioUa, f. the hell of mire, pank-dhumt m. a divisionf 
of hell. pank'Shuktit f. a cockle, pank-kirf m. a lap- 
irine. pank-ffrdht m. the makart a marine monstev. 
prntK-gofukt m. a email fish {Maerognathus pancalu$), 
pa»k-vas, m. a crab. «, 

jt^ i^Cnc j7an^ary m. an aquatic plant (FiaZ- 

litMria, aUo 2V(qNi ^t^iwMi). f • 

|j-> ^j^ Mff^MST pankapra, m. soft cloth 
wetted and applied to a wound or sore. s. h, 

ijr^ ^V^ panhtif f. a liner a row i a ptanza 

of ibnr lines often syllables each. a. 

^Ai 'npi panhajf pi. a lotpg. «. 
Jti^^ ^IWnpankrickarf m. an piprejr. <• 
J?/i.>i^ ^[WVr^ punnakshairOf m. an asterism 

under which males are procreated* #• 

tj^ panAan>njfi; m. j 

«^5u> ^ pankh, m. a feather, wing. 5. 

V^So^ i||f! pankhd, m. a fan. «. 

i/^i^^f^P^A^rtj f* api^tftli flQW0^1e^f.^. 

C94^ ^ jpanMi; f* a smuU fan ; a bird. ^. 
/^^Cjj iv|^ pankkt, f. a kind of woollen cloth, 

which comes from the hillj countries, h, 

\jk^VA> ^Offpn pankkiya, f. a small fan ; m. a 

kind of fd^r who ians every body ; a wicked man. t» 

^j^ ftnnrt pinki (for pinah)^ f. intozica- 
"tion from eating opium ; drowsiness, nodding. A. 

S;jij^ vi^ppipankeruhf m* the Indian cranOf *t. 
\JLt\i fifjl j^tfi^i tawny, ping^hahshu, m. a 

crab. j}ifviMp^^» ^ • oockroacb. |. 

(^^ xm pangUf lame, a cripple. 9, 
dl^ vnPI pannagt m. a serpent, #• 
\X;> ."^yr pangHt lean, soft, delicate. #. 
WUjj Qipinif pangdcha, m. a field cqvered 

and saturated with water. A. 

CjrtV)Ii> "^lynBr pangas or f<mt9 pingash, m, 

name of a fish (A7tfnw sagUtatus Bitch or Pimelodius 
pangatius). A. 

iJUGj ^ryv pangat, f. a row, or line. «• 
Isikb mvipaft^u^a, f. deformity, lapieness. «. 
ijXb fT)f9pf92/7aZ,m. art of measuring verses; 

name of a Ikbulous being in the fom of a serpant, to 
whom a treatise on prosody Ifi ascribed ; ad^. t^wny, 
pale i the ilftj-first year of the HindQ cycle. #. 

^JJoJ W9 pangul, m. a horse of a glossy or 

dlvery white colour. #. 

itXiJ ^]F9T panglctf bandy4egged, lame. #. 
K)juL> Oi|j|r<04l pingaliM, f. a sort of crane. #. 
y^ ^n pangu, (for pangu, q. y.}y a cripple, 
lame, &c «. 

^^yij iJfTTW ji?a/*-5'0/i, f. chicken-pox. ft. 

^yj:> t4|^ ptngvla,) 

viL«^j^ MtlMd panghaty m. a passage to a 

river, a stair, a quay for drawing water. «. 

\j^^fi^^i(:^panghuraf'\m, a cradle, same 
^^^fi^^^i(^^ panghulayi ^pingura,kc. h. 
iimi> ^jf^y ptm-Ung, m. the male organ ; 

the masculine gender. #. 

f^ punam, religious merit, the reward of 

merit in futurity. 4» 
^b punipi (y. badr)^ the full moon. d. 

jUlJ M«|l|li panmar, n, ^Oll submerged so as 

to be incapable of cultivation. «. 

^k^ panmalldj m. a betel garden, d. 
jly^ 4^ITT panwar or punwavj m. the name of a 

plant {Cattia tibiw^olia) ; name of a raJ-put tribe «. 

];ty^ ^i^nCT panwdra, m. a story, tale, fable. A. 
]j^ji> N«lHlil panwurci, m. a pUte or dish 

made of leaves, s. 
j^^yj ^Hnft panwqrl or ^TTIH!) jwnwari 

f a betel-garden, t. [story-teller. A. 

bj'ji> ihrrfwr patiwdriyd, m. a bard, a 
IjljjJ ihTTf j^anwaf 5, m. a story, fable, tale. A. 
i^*^y^ 'Ht^ panwari, f. a b^tel-garden. s. 

^^yi ^^ffflpn panwqriyd, m. a bard, a 

stoiy-teUer. ik. 
UlyJ inrVfifT puftwana, a. to cause to be 

fibused or reproached by another, k, 
^j^i M«{t^l panoldt land watered after 

ploughing. A. [repeatedly. «. 

^ ^; j^tmaj again (see pun)* puna-puna, 

\yx> pankdf wide, broad, spacious. ;>. 

^l^ ipf^TTT pankdrdf m. a map who carries 

water in pots on his head, t, 

Mj^i> tPf^rfCf panhdriny If. a woman who 
(^V^ 'fsnjf^' panhdrxy J carries water 

"on her head ; a faithless person, promise-breaker, s. 

C)V^ j7inA&, secret, hidden, concealed, p. 
^\f^^^9(^f^ panhdndf a. to cause the milk 

to oome into the udder of animals. A. 
^^t^ OlvftMl pinhdnd^ a. to dress, to put on 

(clothes). A. 

f^V|jJ pinhdntj f. concealment, secrecy, p. 
\I> ajJ TTT* ^pn pwuff^nd, f. the Ptf fitpun 

river in Behar. s. 

];tJ^ MHi|M panhardf ro. la man or woman 
Ojt^^ ViHfft^ panharin, f. J 

pots on the head, s. 

carrying water 


( ao8 ) 

ir^ ^^nft panhi, f. a slipper, s. 

^^L^ MdO^ill^ panhiya^t, afflicted with the 

/Ittoralbtu. t. [slipper, s, 

{jy^ panhin, f. (the same as panhi), a 
^J> ^mv punya, m, virtue, a good action ; 

" fame ; adj . pure, holy, righteous, ptmya-hku, or pwiya- 
bhwtti, f. the holy land of the Hlndas, bounded on the 
north by the Himftlaya, on the south by the Yindhya, 
and on the east and west by the sea ; tne mother of a 
male chilcL punya-phtdt m. the rewaxd of good actions. 
punya-txiu, m. white ku»a grass, punya-ttrtha, m. a 
holj shrine, punya-darthtmt m. the blue jay. punya- 
sthatit m. a sacred place. punyashV, virtuous, punya- 
karma, pious, Yirtuous. punya-gandh, m. the champak 
flower (Michelia ekampaca). pumya-ick, m. paradise. 
jMM^a-wan, virtuous, pious. «. [otPa/naiu, k 

lK ^inft panm, f. tinfoil ; m. name of a tribe 
^^ nnfi pinnl, f. a kind of sweetmeat. A. 

^juj xrftpn paniya, m. water ; a water-snake, 

or any thing living in water. «. 

Ua> ]JOT punya (v. «ul>), f. the commence- 
ment of collection for the new year. #. 
^Ujl> innnvn punyatmay charitable, vir- 

tuous. t, 

|;Uji> ilfff^KI paniyara, inundated, s. 
dJUj^ fironir pinyak, m. assafoetida. s. 
^Ujj i|ftnn?!n paniydld, m. the name of a 

fruit {Fiaeourtia eatqfraota). s, [water, t, 

OUjo i|f«fi|nn paniydnd, a. to irrigate, to 
#5'<^ljJj iimr^ punya,t, f. a virtuous action, 

performed (according to those who hold the doctrine 
of metemwchosis) In one state of existence, the re- 
ward of which is received in^i future transmigration; 
merit of an ancestor rewarded in the person of his 
descendants. «. 

(iliAjuL) inAir puntt, pure, clean, s. 
jU^ panir, m. cheese, pamr-fnaya, rennet, p, 
fSj^ pantrl, cheesj, or made of cheese, p, 
(jJ^jUL) i|f|f)w panirakA{. a young flower- 
i^jii^ M^l!) panirl, J tree. A. 
i^>^jjj ipn^ punyoday, m. good fortune, 

as reward of the meritorious acts of a former life, t, 
sjjj V^ punya, virtue, &c. (v. ^); the first 

day of the collections, when the head oiBcer of govern- 
ment in this department sits in state at the ArocAoftri 
or office, and a4justs the amount of the revenue to be 
collected In the ensuing year. «. 

luuJ ^nPV panya, m. any saleable article; 
a4j. saleable, vendible. panythtSta, a market «. 

IjAii ^sft^T paniha, m. a water-snake j any 
thing living In water, an aquatic animal, t. 

^ po (same as par), on, upon, at. d, 

^ ^pau, f. the one or ace on dice; a stand 

where water is provided for passengers ; an overflood- 
ing of low lands in the rainy season, pau pha/na, to 
dawn (the morning), h. 

'j^ ^iHl pauwd, m. a quarter ; a weight or 

measure of a quarter of a ser. s. 

l^ ^itwt po,a, m. a very young serpent; a 

nursling of any animal ; a plant. «. 

\tv 7^ P^>'^> ^' ^ pancake, s. 

fr^3i paTuq;, mean people (pi. of pdji). p. 

)j^yt P^^T^f ui. narration or explanation of 

a story, d. 

Jl^ ^ni<5 pumdl, f. straw (also po,dr). s. 

^\^ ^JNn^ pOydndy a. to warm by the sun 
or the steam of water, to bask. s. 

^^^A ^^^^^V^^^ih ^* ^ chain fastened to 

horses' legs to prevent their beine stolen ; chains with 
whldi the legs of a criminal are fastened; tlie leg of 
a boot or stocking. «. 

^A ^ V^P> ™- ^ cake. «. 

cJ^^H ^{^T^ plupaRy f. ji cake made of meal 

"or biffley, half-lwked or fried. 8. 

^^ T^ jpifpK, f. a sort of sweet cake, 

fried. «. [out, toothless, h. 

^^ ^^JN^T popld, one whose teeth are fallen 
{Myi ^'^•ft popnlf f. a wind instrument (of 

music) made by chUdren of the seeds of mango and 
the leaves of the Boreusus ; any wind instrument. A. 

UJS^^ ^iti|7<n pO'phatndy also paupfiatnd, 

to break forth as the daylight, to dawn, po-phafi, f. 
daybreak. «. 

O^ ^fhr pot, f. a boat. s. 

O^ iftiT pot, m. nature, disposition, quality; 
glass beads ; an assessment on cultivated fields. A. 

Oy mr put, m. a son ; the young of any 

animal, put'tambura, m. a young monkey. «. 
O^ ^fk puti, f. purity, purification. $, 
O^ Vl^^ pavit, purified, cleansed, s. 
O^ f^m pwat, adj. drinking, s. 
^^ ^ijhrf potd, m. grandson, son^s son. s. 
\iy^ potd, m. the scrotum, the testicles, p. 
Ii3\3^ X[K[ffn putdtmd, m. a saint, an ascetic ; 

a man of a cleanly person, or purified, i. 

J^^ ijirqi^ put-phal, m. the jack-fruit. <• 
V 4^^ ^firagn puti-phald, f. a plant (P#o- 

raUa coriltfolia), t. 

A^^ v^hrm^ puti-phali, f. a medicinal 

plant {Serratula mUhelmbUica), «. 

1?^ ^Jhnr potaj, m. an animal that produces 

young at once without the intervention of any medium; 
elephants and some other animals being supposed to 
earry the young without the aid of an ovarium or 
uterus. $. [ion. s. 

jS^ "^fhfpautra, (v. potd), a grandson, son's 
y^y ^fn pavitr or pavitra, pure, clean, free 

from sin, m. the brahmauical cord, i. 

( aoo ; 


\S^ Vlf^ni pavitray m. a knotted piece of 

kutha grau used in purification, the brahmanical 
thread ; a string of Billcen beads, f. holy Basil {Ocy* 
aNm sanctum) ; a river north-west of Haridw&r, the 
Pabar \ the twelfth of the light fortnight of ShrSwan, a 
festival in honour of Vishnu. «. 

lyy ^JtiRI potra, in. baby-clotbs» clouts, h. 
^^ ^(ftmn pavitrata, f. purity, sanctity* «. 
ii3^^ 4if^pautrih, belonging to a son, or 

a grandson, f • 

jc^^ ^ipft putri, f. a puppet, an image, s, 
*^?yl i|firrti^ai^«^»^> f- a ring o£kusha grass 

(Poa cvrtosMroide*)t or of gold, silver, or copper, worn on 
the ring-finger and fore-fln^r by HindOs during reU- 
gioua worship, (v. pmritra). s. 

^?yit ^^ pautri, a grand-daughter, son's 

daughter. 9. • 

tey tjtinrr potrat m. baby-cloths, clouts, h. 
ij^^ ^iwrt potri, f. the after-birth, k. 
U.113^ ^flmiftvn puti'Sharija, f. the pole 

or civet cat. t- 

iil5y nfir* piUik, m. grey bonduc kCcbsqU 

fima hvndncella). f . 

,4l2;»K>0 ^^SW puti'kashthf m. a sort of 

pine (PfoMtf rfewwfam). *. [shell. *. 

,A^\^y tf < t #l*l^ pTitika-fnukhf m. a bivalve 
^iiiiS^ q fliH^Jl puti'karnak, m. fetid ul- 

eei«tion of the ear. «. 

5)Jy ^II9T ptt<'5, m. a poppet, an image. «• 
liiCy iflTrftj'ir pauttaKk, m. a worshipper 

of idols. «