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Harvard College 



CL1S3 OF 111* 
Lumauii at BtiTiao Cou.wau 






3 55 

" ** j! 3 ^ t*-^ % 

1 11^ 










LITT.D., LL.D., PH.D., M.V. 

Eirimgkm and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon 
intha Univerniy of Cansbridgt 


















jmooucnov : — 


Lir* OF Chauckb « . zii 

WuTxsos OP Cbavcmm avd Saxlt Somon zvi 


ciATiov xviil 

fioMACVT OP THX Bots : Fnifl;ment A i 

•I ITni^nifint B • .18 

•t Fragmeot C • ........ 59 

'hb Huros PoBict.* — 

L An A.B.C. • . . . . •79 

IL The Compleynte onto Pite 81 

• IIL TheBookofthe Dnchesse 83 

IV. The Compleynt of ICan 97 

V. The P^lement of Foules loi 

VX A Compleint to his Lady 1 1 1 

VIL AnelldA and Aroite 113 

VIIL Chaooen Wordes nnto Adam iiH 

IX. The Former Age 118 

X. Fortone iig 

XL Meroilee Beoate ui 

XIL To Booemoimde : A Bolado ui 

XIIL Troth lii 

XIV. OentOeiie uj 

XV. Lok of StedfiMtnene la.i 

XVL Lenvoy de Chatioer a Roogan u^ 

XVn. Lenroy de Chancer a Bnkton 124 

XVIIL The Compleynt of Venns 125 

XIX. The Compleint of Chancer to his Empty Parse .126 

XX. Prorerhe 126 

XXL Against Women Unoonstant 127 

XXIL An Amorons Compleint (Compleint Damonrs) • >'7 

XXIIL A Balode of Compleynt 129 

XXIV. Womanly Noblesse (39 


Tbk LunD or Good Wouki . , , , ■ ■, 
A TastTtu on TBI AniioLABi c • 

Oaacp A. The Pral[ig:ao 

The Euishtea Tula 

Tbo Miller's Prolosae .... 

The HiUerea Tol. 

The Hoeve^B Prolo^e .... 

The Revea T&le ..... 

The Cook'i Prologne .... 

The Cokes TsJe 

ORorr B. Inntonncmoa to tii> M.111 op Liw'i Pbolo 

The Pntlogae of the Uuuiei Tale of Lave 

The Tale o( the Uim at Lnwe 

Cordtnta. ix 


0»orp D. The Wife of Bftth's Prologue 565 

TheTRleofthoWyf of Bathe 576 

The Friar's Prologno 581 

TheFreresTUo 58J 

The Somnoar's Prologue 587 

The Somnonrs Tale 588 

QKorp E. The Clerk's Prologae 596 

The Clerkcs Tale 597 

The Merchant's Prologue 612 

The liarohantes Tale 613 

Epilogue to the Marchantes Tale 637 

Gaoi-p F. The Sqnierefl Tale 6a8 

The Wordes of the Franklin 636 

The Franklin's Prologne 637 

The Frankeleyns Tale 637 

Orol'p Cr. The Secondo Nonnes Tale 649 

The Canon's Yeoman's Prologne 657 

Tlio Chanonns Temannes Tale 659 

CiKocp H. The Manciple's Prologue 669 

The Maonciples Talo 670 

• (1 Bocp I. The Parson's Prologue 674 

The Persones Tale 675 

prESCDix : Vauatioss axd Emcxdatioxs 719 


ucMAAaT TO Frarukstts B axd C of the RouACTn* OF THE BosE 133 





GaofTBXT CaAUCXB WM bom in London, about 1340 (not 15^8, as was formerly 
■aidX His father was John Chancer, citizen and vintner of London, and his 
mother's name "was Agnes. His grandfather was Bobert Chaucer, of Ipswich and 
London, who married a widow named Maria Heyroun, with a son Thomas Heyroun. 
John Chaucer's house stood in Upper Thames Street, beside Walbrook, just where 
that street is now crossed by the South-Eastem Bailway tram Cannon-street 
Station. Here it was that the poet spent his earliest days, and in an interesting 
paaasge in his Pardoneres Tale (lines 549-573X he incidentally displays his knowledge 
uf rarions wines and the ways of mixing them together. 

John Chaucer, the poet's father, was in attendance on Edward m. in 1338, and 
this connexion with the court led to bis son's employment there, some years after- 
wards, as a page in the household of Elisabeth, wife of Lionel, duke of Clarence, the 
third son of Edward III. In the household accounts of this princess, mention ia 
of various articles of clothing and other necessaries purchased for ^ (Geoffrey 
' * in April, May, and December, 1357, when he was about seventeen years old. 
Ill 1559, he joined the army of Edward HI. when that king invaded France, and was 
there taken prisoner. In May, 1360, the peace of Bretigny (near Chartres) was 
coneliided between the French and English kings. Chaucer had been set at liberty 
in Mareh, when Edward paid t6L towards his ransom. 

1B67. We can only conjecture the manner in which he spent his life from hints 
given OS in his own works, and from various notices of him in official records. To 
consider the latter first, we find, firom the Issue Bolls of the Exchequer, that a lifo- 
pcnsion of jo marks was granted by the king to Chaucer in 1367, in consideration of 
his services, as being one oi the valets of the king's household. During 1368 and 
pari of 1J69 he was in London, and received his pension in person. In October, 
ij6A, his patron, Prince Lionel, died, and it appears that Chaucer's services woro 
eoDdwquently transferred to the next brother, John of Gaunt, duko of Lancaster. 

1960. In the autumn of 1369, the 3rear of the third great pestilence of Edward's 
rsign, Blanche, the first wife of John of Gaunt, died at the early age of twenty-nine. 
Chancer did honour to her memory in one of his earliest i>oems, entitled ' The 
I>eth of Blaunche the DuchesK.' 

1370-1378. From 1370 to 1386, Chaucer was attached to the court, and employed 
in frequsnt diplomatic services. 

In December, 1373, being employed in the king's service, he left England for 
OenoA, FSas Kod Florenoe, and remained in Italy for nearly eleven months, but 

wo Bgaiu ficil him in London on Sovember ii, 137J. Tliia visit ol' h'u [•> Italy in of 
great importsace, aa it excrciaed a marked infloenos on Mb writinge, and eiublM dH 
to onderstand llm dovolopment of his gonins. 

1374, Mia eondnct dutiog this nuMion to Italy met vitli tlio fall appronU of tlio 
king, who, on tho oeUbratiou of the great festivid at Wiudaor nn St. tloorge's day 
(April Ji) in 1374, graiited our poet a pitcher of wine daily, to bo rotoived from the 
king's bntler, Ou Uay lu of tlio some }-ear, Chnncor took a lorn of a hoose in 
Aldgat«, fortho term of his life, from Uio Corpurntion of London ; but he altorwatds 
gave it up to a ftiond in October, 1586 ; and it is probable tliat he had censed to 
re^de ia it ii>r n year or mom previously. On Jane 8. ifji. ho was uppointol to the 
important ofllce of Comptroller of the CoBtoms and Uubsidy of Wools, Skins, and 
Leather, for the port of London ; and a few days hiter (Jane i,(l received a Ufo' 
pension of lal. from the duke of Laimaster for the good service rendered by him nnd 
his wife Pbilippa to the said Duke, to hid consort, and to hia mother tho Qneeiu 
TTiis is tho first mention of Philippa Chaooer aa Geoffrey's -wife, thongh u Philippn 
Chaocer is mentioned as one of tho Ladies of the Chamber to Qncen Fliilippa, un 
September n, 1366, and mbseqaently. It has been oonjactnred that Chancer was 
liot married till 1374, and that he married a relative, or at least some one bearing 
tho same unme as himself; bat this snppoaitioD is needless and Improbable ; there 
is DO reason why the Fhilippa Chaacer mentioneil in 13(16 may not have been already 
married to the poet, who was then at least 7fi years of age. 

1876. In tJ7S his mcome was increased by receiving from tho Ci-own(SovEnibur B) 
tho custody of the lands and person of one Eilmond Stiiplegato, of Kent. This be 
retained for three years, during which he received iu4(. ; together with aunie Bmallor 
IB from ftuotbcr 


iift of (C^ViUv. xiu 

Outoms in 1374. Whilst still retaining this office, he was now also appointed 
Oonptnillor of the Petty Customs (May 8, 138s). 

1385. In FebroAxy, 1385, he was allowed the great privilege of nominating a por- 
manant depaty to poxform his duties as Comptroller. It is hi^ily probable that he 
owed this layonr to * the good qneen Anne,' first wife of king Richard II. ; for, in 
the Prologne to the Legend of Good Women, probably written during this period of 
his sewly^acqnired fireedom firom irksome duties, he expresses himself most grate- 
IbUy towards her. 

If wa may trust the description of his house and garden in the Prologue to the 
Legend of Qood Women, probably oompoied in the spring of 1585, it would api>ear 
that he was then living in the country, and had already given up his house over the 
cHy gate at Aldgate to Richard Fonter, who obtained a formal lease of it f^m the 
Corporation of London in October, 1386. We learn incidentally, firom a note to the 
Envoy to Scogan, L 45, that he was living at Greenwich at the timo when he wrote 
that poem (probably in 1593). And it is highly probable that C9iaacer*s residence at 
Greenwich extended firom 1385 to the end of 1399, when he took a new house at 
Westminster. This snppositian agrees well with various hints that we obtain from 
other notioesL Thus, in 1390, he was appointed (with five others) to 8ui>erintend the 
repairing of the banks of the Thames between Woolwich and Greenwich. In the 
OMne yvar he was robbed at Hatcham (as we shall see below), which is near Deptford 
and Greenwich. And we find the singular reference in the Canterbury Talcs 
(\ 3907), where the Host suddenly exclaims — *■ Lo 1 Grenowich, ther many a slirowe 
is inne * ; which looks like a sly insinuation, on the Host's part, that Greenwich at 
that time contained many * shrews' or rascals. Few places would serve bettor 
than Greenwich for frequent observation of Canterbury pilgrims. 

1386. In this j'ear Chancer was elected a knight of the shire for Kent, in tho 

iWriiament held at Westminster. In August, liis patron John of Gkiunt wont to 

Spun ; and during his absence, his brother Thomas, duke of Gloucester, contrivc<l 

to deprive tho king of all power, by appointing a regency of eleven persons, himself 

^rinf at the head of them. As the duke of Gloucester was ill disposed towards his 

^moUmt John, it is probable tliat we can thus account for the fact that, in 

Dtcember of this year, Chaucer was dismissed from both his oflices, of CTomp- 

troUar of Wool and Comptroller of Petty Customs, others being appointctl in his 

fWv. This sudden and great loss reduced the poet from comparative wealth to 

P'^vnty ; he was compelled to raise money upon his pensions, which were assigned 

to John Scalby on May 1, 1388. 

la October of this year (1386X there was a famous trial between Richard Ix>nl 
^rope and 8ir Thomas Groavenor, during which Cliaucer dcposccl thnt ho wns 
'^*ty years of ago and upwards, and had borne arms for twenty-seven ycarK.* 
He «u, in fact, about forty-six years old, having been bom, as said above, iiliout 
'Ma Moreover, it is probable that he first bore arms in 1359, when he went with 
^ invading army to France. This exactly tallies ^dth his own statement. 

1387. In this year died Chaucer's wife, Phllippa ; to this loss he allndcs in his 
^^ to Bukton. It must have been about this timo that he was comp^'sing 
P^'tioiifl of his greatest poem, the Canterbury Tales. 

1389. On May 3, Richard II. suddenly took the go\'emmcnt into his own hands. 
Jobs of Oannt returned to England soon afterwards, and effected an ontwnrd rocon- 
cilJatiaQ batvean tha king and the duke of Gloucebter. The Lancastrian imrty whs 


1880. In Uiia yt»x, CiuAicar wai alao uppmatei Clerk of the Works at 
Bt. OflOTge'B Clupel kt Windaor, and wai pat ou a Commuuon to repair the 
baoki of the Thames betweeo Woolirioh uid QiMnwicli. In n writ, dated July i 
in thii rear, he wai allowed the ooeti of putting np loBffoldi in Smithfield for the 
King and Qaeen to view the tonmainent which had taken pUoe there in Hay. 
Thla help! to explain the minnte aooonut'of the method of oondnctiiiK a tonma- 
ment which we meet with in the KaiKhfa Tal& In the prsoedlng month he had 
been appointed, by the Earl of Ifamh, joint Fomter (with Riohanl Brittle) of 
North Fetheiton Park in SomiTMit Id September, he waa twice robbed of aome of 
Uh kin^B money ; once, at Wsrtmiiuter, of tot ; and again, near tha > fonle ok ' 
(Knilaak) at Hatoham, Borrey, of 9L 3*. U. ; bnt the reFaymant of these nmuwa* 
forgiTeo Um. 

18BX. Thli ii the date given by Chanoer to hig proM Treatise on the Astrolabe, 
whioh ha compiled for the use of hU ' little bod ' Lewis, of whom nothing moni 
la known ; and it U sappoead that he died at an eariy age. At this time, for aomg 
unknown reason, the poet onforlnuately lost hia appolnbnent as Clerk of the Workc 

1894. In FebRiai7 of this year, Chaucer raoaived a gnmt ftvm the king of aoL 
a year for life j nevarthelev, he leetne to have been in want of money, aa we find 
him making applications for the adraooement of money trom bis pension. 

1898. In this year or tha preceding. Chancer was made sole Iteeater of North 
PethertoD Park, instead of joint Forester, as in ijja In the Easter Term, he was 
nied fbr a debt of 14!. la iid. In October, the king granted him a ton of wine 
yearly, for his life-time. 

18B9. On September jo, Henry IT. baoame king of England, and Chancer ad- 
dreswd to him a oomplaint regarding his poverty, called a ' Oompleynt to hii Para,' 
In response to which, only four days afterwards, Haniy granted thai the poet's 
pension of twenty marks (13I. 6s. td.) shonid be doubled, in addition to the lol 
a year which had been granted to him in 1394. 

On Christmas ere of this yntr, Clunuier took a long lease of n house in the garden 
oftheChapel of St. Vary, Westminster; this home stood near the spot now ooODplsd 
I9 King Henry the Seventh's ChapeL The lease is in the lloniment Boom cf 
Westminster Abbey (Historical HSS. Commission, L 9;). 

1400. The traditional date of Chancer's death is October 15, 1400 ; in the seoond 
year of Henry IV. His death donbtUas took place in his newly-aoqnired house at 
Westminster ; and he attained to the age of about sixty years. Of his fhmllj 
nothing is known. His ' little son ' Lewis probably died yonng ; and there is r 
evidence earlier than the reign of Henry TL that the Thomas Chaucer vib- 
gieat-grandeon, John de la Pole, Earl of Lincoln, was deolarsd heir to the thrc 
by hi* nnole, Bicbard nx, in 1484, was Chaucer's son. Aa Thomas Chancer 1 
a man of great wealth, and of soma mark, we ihoald have eipeoted to find ea 
and nndoabted evidence as to his parentage. We And, however, that Thoi 
Oaseoignsi who wrote a Theological Dictlonaiy, and died in 1458, nferi to the t 
in these words : — ' Fait idem Chavsams pater Thomae Ohawsenis, annlgeri, 
Thomas sepelitor in Nohelnt ioxta Oxoulam.' Qaacoigne was in a position to kr 
the tenth, sinoa be « 

€9ttmcfer of CSueer. xr 

aanv of Ewrima, at no grtftt dlgtuioB, till hla deaUi tn 1434. If thli information 
U comet, it then beeomM hlgbly probable tliKt CbaQcer'g with Pbllippa tw 
Philipp* Boet, siatw of the KMhuine da Boat of Hainanlt, vbo married Sli John 
Hvynford, and afterward* became tbs mle tr e ai , and in ijgfi the third wife of John 
of Oannt. Thia hu been inferred from the bet that Tbomae Cbanoer'a arma 
eunlain thiaa wfaaela, mppoaed to ropieaeiit the name of Boet ; since the Old 
'a little wheel.' Thoae who aoeept thia iniiBTence we good 
bTonn oitcixilod to QiaoeBt botli bf John of Qannt 
himatlf Hid hif nn Klnc Heniy IV. . 


Tlwn ii no tpaoe her* ftir nhlUting ftxily the rerelaUon of Chaneer't diameter 

M iijin— »il by nnmeronl paeKgni In hii worka. We easily reoognlBB in them 

a roan of ehaarhl and genial natnie, wltli great power* ot originoUtr, lUl nf 

freehneea and hnmonr, a keen obaeiver of men, and at the toiae lime no en- 

thiuiBatio and nntlring stndent of booka He teUi a atoiy ezeeUentlf and Mta bin 

chanfltan befiaa ni with diajnatio olearaeea ) and he ha> alao an exqniille ear for 

mnaic and pe^ great attention to the malodlona flow ot his verse. Eicwpt in his 

rmao talea, be freqnently Bflteti, in his Cantarbniy TUea, an air of aimplicity 

wliirh lita npon him gmceftill; enongh. In his Prolcgue to Sir Tlutpat, he ilescribrs 

himaelf M a 'laige,' i.e. a somewhat corpulent man, and no 'poppet' to emlimce, 

ihM is, not slender in the waist ; as baying an ' elvish ' or abstracted I00I1, nften 

Kariiig on the gnnmd ' as if be wonld find a bare,' and ' doing no dalliance ' to nny 

Bu, L e. not entering briskly into casual conyersation. His nomeraas refWrcncca 

uul qnotatioDi show that he was deeply read in all medieval learning, and well 

■Hinainted with lAtin, French {both of England and of the continent), and Italian, 

Iciidt* being a nuuter of the East-midland dialect of EngUih. A paua^o I" the 

Sna Talt imitatea tome of the pecnliarlties of the Northumbrian illalvct with 

>sch fidelity. On the other hand, he occasionally introdnoes forms into his t>oeni<i 

lUt ace pecnliarly Kentish ; owing, as t am inclined to soggeet, to bis reeidenoo 

KvsiieM years at Oreanwieh. In his nbuio/Fame. he tells na how he had 'set hia 

I ■!) to make books, sonn and ditties in rime,' and often ' made his head ache nt 

I ^t with writing in his stndy.' For, when he had done his ofllclal work fnr tlia 

iV. ud ■ made his reokoninga,' be nsed to go home and become wholly absorbeii 

>■> liii books, ' hearing neither this nor that ' ; and, < in stead of rest and new 

tUan' (reonation), he used ' to sit at a book, a* dnmb as a atone, till his look was 

'Md'; and thu did ha ' live aa a hermit, thongb (nnlike a hermit) his abstinence 

^ Imt tittle.- 80 great (aa he tells na In the Ptatogut to Tkt Ltgend 0/ Qoal 

"*>■(•> was hia love of nature, that, ' when the month of Hay is come, and I hear 

tke ijnli |{]ig, and see the flower* springing np, farewell then to my book and 

** By devotion ' to reading. In raany paaaagea he insiets on the value of the 

tWf at womanhood and (he nobility of manhood, tnUng the latter to he de- 

P™4iBt npon good feeling and conrteey. As ho says in TSe Vfifr. o/Balh't Talr, 

'ktDui who is alwaya the most virtnom, nml ntoit endeavours to be oonMant in 

'^ mftnnanee of gentle deeds, la to be tnhen to be the grenteet gentleman. 

''^ ibaJTre that we should derive onr gentlenesi lYom Him, nuj Dot tttm unr 

—"Him, however rich,' 


Other noUoM of Cbanaar mvtt be Bathared fnua hii writing And fnm what «( 
know abont thBia. It b advlMbU to d»t« hii vKrions vorki, wberc pooibla, ■■ mil 
M wa oui, and ta eonildei the mult 

ChanMr'B worki &11 (ai ihewn br Tan Brink) into thiM peiiodi. Dnrinf Uie An! 
of the**, ha imitatad Frenoh modali, paiticnloi'lj' tlie Ikmou and very long poem 
cntitlad Lt figiua da la £iwt, of which, ai he himaglf tella km, ha made a trandatlon, 
It fo happens that there exiit what are apparently two, bnt an reallj- thret 
fragmecte of tranBlatiana of two different parte of this poem ; the; am finmd 
In a KS. at Olaasow, written ont aboat A. d. 1430-40, and in the early printed 
editions. Thesd three fragmenta, marked A, B, C In the preaent volmna, appear l( 
be by difhrent handi ; and only the flnt of them oan bo reoonoiled with Cluneai'i 
nsoal diction and grammar. We most regretfally infer that the nuyor part a 
Chanoer'i own tranalation ii irreooverably loit. The poems of this First Period Wen 
written before lie set onton hia Italian travelaln 1371, and there Uno tntoeln then 
of any Italian iuflnenoe. 

The poami of the Second Period (■37J-i3&|) oUarly ahew the infloenoe of Italiai 
literatnre, e^ieotally of Dante's DIvInB Oommedla, and of Boeeaooio'a poem* entitlsc 
n Teselde and n Filoetrata Cnrioosly enough, tbeia la nothing to ihrw thai 
Chaneer wai acquainted, at flnt-hand, with Boocaccio'i Decamerono. 

The poemi of the Third Period are chiefly remarkable fbr a larger share o 
originality, and are considered aa beginning with the Legend of Oood Women, llu 
firet poem In which the poet employed what ia now known as (he 'henia' oonplet 

Cbifione of £0aucer. 


pi^ Wretched Engendringnj'H&nluBd; meiitiooeil in the Lacand. Teit A. L414 
^ pnaerred in Hrmpa •weoRing in tb« Mui of Laves Tkl«, B 9^iit. ^31-7 
^9»S-W. "3S-4'- 

gf Iavm Tmlt (in it« original fonn) ; partly tnUuUted from Nisliolaa Trivet. 
I. TnuiBlntiaa of Boethiiu. 
if Complaint of Uan—M. P. IV, 

}. Trmlos and Ciiaeyiie ; (partly trran Boccaocio'i □ Tiloatiato and Oniili 

'a Hiataria Troiaa { containing thrse wttnma frvm PalamonX 
!■ to Adam (cwncerning Boelhine and Troiln*).— M. P. VHL 
if Age ; chiefiy from Boothiue, Book H, met. V.— M. P. IX. 
ioiit«ning hinu from Bo«tbiiu,-M. P. X. 

it of IToulsi (containing aix Btaniaa from Pahunon). — H. P. f 


iftj-t. Caoti*] period of the Canterbary Tales. 

15*9, Jm. Tka Ttltt contlnoed. 

IJ9I. Tnntiae to the Astrolabe ; chiefly Avm UessnhHla ; vrt/lnlilied. 

.««? CompIeiDtofVenas.— M. P. XVIII. 

1.19). Lonni}' to Scogaii.— U. P. XTT. 

■]^ UamrtoBakten.— If. P. XVII. 

i»> JStanv'oCamp'einttohiBPitne.—U.P. XIX 

Iba fidlowtog acoasional triple Toundcl and lieUdes man have been oonpo 
■ ijSd and 1J96 :— Ueroilew Boanl^.— M. P. XI. Balade to Roi 
KIL Against Women tJnoonstaont,— M. P. XXI. CompleiDt U> hii Pojm 
X tha Envoy].~U. P. XIX. Lak of St«da*tn»*»e.— K. P. XV. aentUeae.- 
P, XIV. Tmth.— M. P. Xin. Prorerbos ot ChatWW.— K. P. XX. 


tl of Oittaxr't Poems were printed at variouB times by Oazton and otfaealH 
le flnt cotlBcted edition of his -norks wu that cdil«d by W. Tbynne in ijjaI 

IS lepriuted, oith the addition of Iho spnrloiu Plomnan'i Thtt, in 1541 ; and 
.about 1550. Later oditinns appeared in ijCi (sitb large additions by Juho 
1 isgi <re4dited by ThomBS Speg'ht), second edition, i6ta, and reprinted In 
idj. 6till later editions were the very bad one by Urr;, in 1711, and the excellent 
iir Ijy Tyrwfaitt, of the ChnterboiT Tales only, in iTTj-S. These editions, excepting 
Tvi-vbitt's, bave dune maoh to (.-oaftue the public as to the genuine vorlcs of Chancer, 
'■^'LUje in thcsn a large munber of poems, some known (even by the eilitj>rs> to be 
V I^ydgaUs Oomr, Boocleve, and Scogac, together with otben obviously spurious, 
-"< fsnlealy added to works by Chancer himself; nnd many erroueons notions 
't b«si dsdocod frmuthe study of this incongmoas miiturp. 

U most (QtCee to say here that meet of the luter editiuus, stoce the piibl!c«.tion of 
' T^hiU^ ranaiks on the mbject, reject many of tbnw additional piuoea, bat iliJI 
'.^'iJfiMdly admit the poems entitled IV Court oftAirt, The CompUxiM of Oie Stack 
■' 'iu»(, (»■«»'# 0«am. Tta/Twowotidf/i* Ltaf.KH&ThtCuckooa.niOis Si^m^igalt. 
"■ rhtai, T»e CMtfMnI of tAa ^Kk Ktaght is now known to Le by Lydgata ; TKt 
'"HIT Dad at Liaf cannot bo mrtiei than 1450, and was probably written, as it 


pniporta to ba, bj a lady ; wUU Tk» Court a/Lm* oaa hudly 1» wuIht tibim t^n, 
■nd Ckmeti't Drtan {wo callsd) ii of itUl lat« dot*. KoUuni bat ■ ecwipl«t« 
ignonmoe af the liistary of Oit Rngliih iMignagu can oomiaot thaaa AftMoth- 
aantiU7 and lucUeiitb-cMaitniy pouia witli Chaooor. The 011I7 poam, in tha aMn 
•at, whioh oan powibly tia ■■ old ai the fcnrtaaDtli Dantnrr, ia T1U Aieliio oal 
(t< jn0Ati*vaI& Thare ii no eTidenoa of any kind to oocmect tt irith C3iaiM«; 
and ProfMBor I^nuubiu; dsodaiTaly insula it, on tha intamal avidaaaa. It MtnriM 
afaw rimeB(wap. zxi*} nob M Obaooar novfaara amplojv. 


Tha faUowing brief hinta oontain Imt a mtniniiim of information, and inolnia 
nothing tliAt ihonld not bo axtnnifily fuTwiflJ^Ti to tha atudant, 

Oliwrve that, in Chaacer's Engliih, the final ifUablea -a, -ad, -«•,■«, almoat al«4« 
form a diitinot and nparato arllabla, ao tliat a lai^e nnmbor of mirda had Ibaa 
a «vUaMa mora than they have now. Unliiaa thia mle ba obaarrad, no proyaaa In 
the itady ia poaiible. In partionUr, ahni* wand thJa final -a (lika tha a ia CMM 
at Uia end ckf a line. 

Final -all elided, or aluired over, when tha naxt word bagina-with a TOiral,avii 
oneofoertauiwordabegimiinKirith A, via. (i) aprononn, a* A«; (Opartof thoMrt 
Aaw ; (]) the advarba liter, kov ; (4} mots k in kenoitr, liomrt. In a nmilar podUw, 
final -«r, -an, -A, -y, are almrad orar likswiaa ; tbna gtt-tia ia really paf • in L *9i '• 

Final -a ii amuMiui dropped In a ftv oommon worda, moh aa wira, wme, feoMli 
bad, wolda, mnild. 

Middle ••■ ia alao aometjnua dropped, aa in kaeafiaa, pronoouoad (haavnea), L i)tf. 
But (TMsaiJlr (481) ia triflfllabii]. 

The reaaonafor aonnding the final -<, -<n,-«t,aadtitinotvIlBblaa, aie gtanimattaal 
Theaa ending! repiesant older inflaxiona, moatl; An^o-Saxon ; and inm onoa, la 
fluit, eaaentiaL Bnt, in Oianeat^ time, tbay were itglm^ftg to disappear, and aMn) 
are now loat altopithBr. 

linal -a. Tha vaiiaQa aonroM of the K. K (L e. Kiddle-Engliali} final -* MEa, 
ehiefi]-, thMB following. 

I. The A.B. (Antfo-Saxon) ab. ended in a vowal. Huu A.S. ftnr-O, a hare, heOMM 

I, The AJ". (Anglo-Franah) ab. ended in a vowel whioh waa fonuady aimlHrti 
Thu A.F. m^IodM (ibox ayllablee) ia ILE. mabd^ (fcnri^llablsB, 9X 

i. The dative oaae often enda In ■«, eqpeoially aftar the prepoaitiinia at, iy, fir, t^ 
n/,on,to. Tbnar«-e(i}iBthadatiTaoaaaaf nM<,aiioot. WeeTanfind the fiKmcfM 
ohliqne case naed a* a dodl oaaa, owing to ooniiuion. Thna A.S. kiealp, a irtie^ 
makea the dat. >vclp-e ; Chancer haa nAalp^ aa a nominative (157). 

4. The forma tuO^ (ao in A.a), amn-a (A.a waa ) are goMitim ; >ee Book D^ 
ifi i A loji. Similarly -y r opi ea en ta a genitive infBx in fmi-t', 8S, 6^^ 

5. The d</lHfta Ann of the adjective (I a. the fiuin need when the de£ art. Oat 
apaaBMaiveordemonatiatiTepronaiupr«o«da«it)endain-a, Ex.: tt« |OMra^ 7. 

6. Hie adj. pLondain-«j ttmal-e, 9. 

I TbeaBmbeiantattotbeUiMaef TlwFnil(i(aeloUiaCkBtacbai7ma;i«p.4i 

7, Etbd Ulo adj- si^' inay end ia -« 
■ktind^iauBeDtUL So »1»> trem, from A.B. trUnni; 53>. 
y l(»Aa : tbe in&uitiTe And Eamnd (until to) end in -m or -c ; ■■ binimt-e, 41 ; /ur 

ft Sticiig Text* : the pp. (past partlaiple) end* in -ai or -« ; u i^roim^ & 
n WwLk verbs : the pL t. (post tone) onds in -edf, -de, -<«, -g ; itri MV-^> T*)- Som». 
^^tia -td, aa prov-ed, S47- Obaom latk-e-de, }s6 ; tini'da,gj\ wrtie, 139; iCMt^Tg. 
" ^j, Tar^; rarioiu othsr inft^-.^v^a in -^n or -£ Tliiiii W^p-fHi 3 p. pr, pi,, i^; 

If^m, ■ p, pt. pL, 19 ; fm*, i p, pr. ■., 8* ; tmert^ 3 p. pi. i. anltj., 130, Ac 
' a. AdTKba and pnpa*iU°n« m^ and ia -*» mi -a ; »a abap^n, S3 ; abotit^, i^ep. 

I ■ft«dT,4» 

I ftnal -■&. Th* (niBx ■« nBully danotM alUiar (1} tha pL lb., M itow, 456 ; 
I (>ltb* Infln. or garandiBl infla. of a Torb, m lt> ugwl-«ii, 11 ; (3) the pp. of a strong 
nA, M tft lp at, iS ; {^) the pL of any t«nH of a T«ib, aa Nlr-«n, > p. pt pL, 19 ; (j) 
■inp, or ni-nA, aa atot n w, 5}. 

TtlMl -••. Sw flaal -M dancAca attlier (1) tha gan. liaK., ai lord-et, 47 ; (1) tha pi, 
^ aa aliiMr w, 1 ; (ir(s)an adverb, aa Otr§-ti,s^. But the gen. of ladv ia lady ; and 
tljhdar, ia JtaSar. And tbe pliual map and in -*, aa in poloMT^, i j. 

Tha atadant ahaoU andaavonr to make oat, in eTarroaaa, tli* waaon for the nse 
of llaal ■«, .«■, or -«a Ho vill thni aoqniie the grammar. Tlie above hints 

Further oote*^ Some nentAr aba. do not ohanga in the ploral, aa hon, pL Aon, 
H- Bo alao ■«<, «t«p, •wini, mer. 

OoDparativea and in -«r, aa fntf-cr, adj., 197 ; or -n, aa Jbr-r«, adv., 4IL Saper- 
Wtw, in -o^ oseadonal d«£ form -«M-«, u t«i(-«, 151. PTonoona : (Ao, thoie ; (Alt, 
•LlUMithaaa; (iWtt«,that; a*«, Mm«L Att«, for ol tA«. Fo, nom. ; vow, dat and 
•n, TOO. Sir, tbati (alao har) ; »e«, them. £fi, hia, itaL micAa, what aort of, 40; 
>. KKLe. *vhr,' 184: T*^ ...*«, who, 44, 45i ••'^ (Ai whoever, 741. Jfoi, one, 

■iUiadng. verb, aamen mooL, one aniotc, 149, 
ii Verba. Tarba are diatingoiahad aa being want or ttnmg. In the fDrmer, the pp. 

t «dihi-cd,-d,or-liinthe latter, in -at, or •«. 
r-i i rimpla role ia thi^ In weak vorba, the pi. t. enda in -ad* (rarely -ed), -dF, -te, -t, 
1 *> that Uia Baal •* i* hare extremely common, bat It doaa not appear In the pp. ; 
w( (Mualir, in itnmg verba, it ia the pp. that enda in .«■ or -a, whioh nsver appears in 
; lU bit or third paraoo ^m^iOar of tha paat tanae, Sx, went-*, 3 p. pt. k, 78, is 
>•> tnak paat tcnae ; elo-d, 103, i« a weak pp Conveiaely, y-rtmn^, 8, ii a strong pp. ; 
'■Vi A la ft atrong pt. \, Iba jsafiz y- (A.S. pa-) can be prefixed to att^ pp., and 

Stnog Terfaa aanatly Axm vowel-ohauge ; tbtia bigan (44) is tbe pt t. of hi^nntn. 
te luMe that thia ia not a anre guide ; for nuipM< (136) la tha pt. t. of TttK-en, to 
MA,aBdia weak. £IJ^«it, to aleep, pt t. aiMp, ia strong. 

In Hnmg Terha, the vowel of the past tense is changed, aometunea, in tho pliunl. 
^thept. t. Bng. of rfitaii, to lida, la rood, 169; bnt the pL is rld-en, Sij. Tbepp. 

Iht asBal (bmnlaa for tba oonjogatioa of verbs are aa follows. 

AMant tanaa. Sing. .«, .art, -<tk (-U) ; pL -«n or -«. 

VlMtaBa*! w*ak vartia. Sing. -ads (-d* or .ad), -de, -l«, -< (in persona 1 and 3); 
'«H'dM^-**^-Mt(*P«non). nund, -adsa, -«d«, -de, -dm -Jot, .«, .a (all penone). 



Fart Mum : strong varbt^ Sfaix. indlo. no fnJb (in panoiu i Mid 3); ■*, ow 
ioiully (1 penou}. Sing. mbj. -« (all peiKiTu). Floral of botK mood* : -tn, -^ , 

ImperatlTe. BliiK-'p*m>ii: mifH4lK(nniallT); -«(tii wnneinakTarbi). Vbln 
1 panon : -ctt, -U ; (MunatiinM -t\ 

InfiiiltlTe : -«ii, -«. His ganmdial inflntUra liaa (0 arjbr to prallzad, and oA 
duiot«a pnipoa*. 

FartioiplM. Pnaant : -img, oflm -imge at tlia and of a lino. Pp. of mak T«rb 
-«1, -d, 4. Pp. of ttnnig Tarba : -tn, -4. 

S.B. Ws find the oontnclad form Ml, fbr UddaU, in the J p. pr. a. Indloetiva, ift 

Similar oantraotloiu an oonmum ; hence AH means 'hldath'; rit maani* ridjatli 
*U,'Bitteth'; l<i(, 'laadeUi,' B 1496] to. 

FoTniaUoii of Part Taiusa. The form of the pt t. of a mak T«rh depend* • 
the form of ita item. Time aia ibnt rliww of moh verb*. 

I. Initu. .4a>\ pt. -eda(-ds), or -ed. Hun toe to n, to lore; pt. i, let^dt [jiiiwiiiiii 
lavde), OT lof.fd (InT^). Compare lakk-e-de, 756 ; """g*- the infln. 1> IiiU>aa. 

a. T"*l" . •«■ i pt t. -da, -ti, or Bometimei (after d 01 t} -« ; wiUitnit 'n>wel-ohaii| 
except luah ai i> dne to oontiactioii. Bz. Mr-tn, to hear, pi t. Iitf-da ; k^-am, 
keep, pt. t. £ip4B ; Ud-cn, to lead, pt. t. lod-de (•hoit fiir tffd-dey Cf ttOHl-g, mnt 

J. TaHn 411^ irith a modified Towel In the infinitive, the iDOt-Towal i^peaiiiif i 
the pt. t^ B&d pp. Thna the not *ts (of Glothio Ml^^ini, to seekX appean in tl t.MM<,pp.K»-(,lLKaivU-e,«cvk-lj bat the 5 beoomee i (as tn A.S. /at, fly 
pL/»,feet}lntheinfin.ikhan,ILK.«elxiii,B.*Mfc C£ (sU-m, pt L totdt ; taA> 

pt. t tOH^h-fS. 

KB, Tb4 yji.ct t, weak v*A naolts A'nn the pt t by divpping -t (tmltaa it ' 
rtftdy); Ihni pt. t (ol-de Rives pp. toJ-it 

njue»lion«i>f8tniii(f verbs are given in my Pdnd 
s following : /'^If, thaki!. btar. 



■■i. jFt. t. lart ; tUlp-**. pi, t- il*V ; MAisan, prAam, ('»')»■«■, pt. I, Uni 
pd«. (A. t. mqi ; Boon, pp. v-gnon, fV' ^^ Compva tho camplatg list of 
C Tvtb^ In SpHimeiu of Engtiah, ad, ICorris uid Skwil. pi. i. 
A B oonaloiu VsTba. Amnng Cha» oola the follovioff. fitm, btn, ua. UnpaTk 
-vf*. MA, bo ]re. Pp. ft*™, 6ai, been. 
- I kjuw ; pi. cowm ; pt C toud*, know, conld : pp. oouU, known. Dar, 
-E . pt. t. ikinCe. IfaVi I movi pi- tnoiem ; snbjoiutiTB, tnnwa, pi. tmnam. Jfoot, 
---, I nutjr, be most, b« nuiy ; pi. miten, mitt ; pt. L niMee. Ogliti, ought. Sfial, 

I, (kid i pL t. lAelil*. n'iUn, to know ; 

(, t kno 

a kJio> 

'. roTTwtljr; but Ctuoccr bIbo hu iw mmt)', pt. t icMo, knew 

rr.J4. wiU; pL trw{«. inlmi pt. UvxidA Thar, nMdS; pt. t. thi 

\''ii^tf vsa. SuBi, for » oni. am aot ; nit, for nc lM,ia not ; noi 

cut : luiUc, bad DoC ; nU, will not ; Roldf. Would not [ noot, I kooH not, ha 
• I aot ; nMe, knaw not ; >w . , . no. neither . , . nor. 6oj. Double negktiYea, 
■ -Iveibt, Kod in -e, u dfp^ deeply ; or -(ff, M niMU-Iv ; or -«-Iif, u (r«w*(j, 
. or-oi, -t, «« M/Or^B, Mfir^j or is ■«, aa Ory-Xi, tlirioe, rfcjr, when, 547; 
u, vhoM that, ^ 
j' reposition*. Kod in -an, .«,.<« ; fto. 311, for (0, b«foraa vowaL IfMadji^ni 

DbancH was oor Gnt fcrsat metnit, and eiiTicliad oar literatnrs witli levend 
bmt bI metTB *WoU had not been previooaly employed in English. Theao ho 
taimtil chiefly &om QniilaomH ds Uaohault, vho Eoado lue of atonuifi of laven, 
iilht, and nine line*, and eren wrote at least one Compieint in the 'harolo' 
Ttd matia of four aooenta, in rimed oonplet*, hod beeo in nm in GnglMi long 
r<< Quuwar'a lime : and be adopted it in iranilatiDg Le Boman de la Boie (tho 
- i>al being iD the aamo mcitra), in the Book of the Dncheue, and in theHuose nf 

::.,! ballad-matre, aa employed in the Tale of Sir Tfaopwi, ia algu older Ilian hii 

la ftct, thia Tale ia a boileiqae imilatioa of tome of tho old Bodibjicgs. 
: i.A fmr-Une atanaa. In the Froverbea, woe likowleo nothing new. 
:^i' bo employed the following metrea. in Engliah, for the first time. 

tlie 8-llne Btaoia, with the rimea arranged in tlie order ababbcbc ; i, e. with tha 
. lme{a) riming with the third (a), andaooo. Exx. A.B,C. ; The Honkea Tale; 
F^nnar Age ; Lenvoy to Bokton. 

'' The aame, thrice repeated, with a refrain. Ei. <pBrt of^ Fortune j Complaint 

: VcGOa ; Balads to Boaemonnde. 

) 1. Tb* 7-lina stanut, witli the rimoa ababbcc ; a favinirite metre. Sxz, Lyf of 

I SifatOMjla-, ClerkeiTkle; Palamon and Arcite ; (part of) Compieint to hiiLady; 

I jta AmmoOM Ccmpl^nt ; Compieint to Plt^; (port ol) Anelida; Tha Wretobed 

£n(niaringori(aaklDd; The Man of Lawea Tale ; ipartoOTheCompleint of Uarai 

. r iilua anil Criaeyde ; Woxdea to Adjun ; (part of) The Parlement of Poolea ; {paiM 

It'a Cauterbuty Tales ; Lenvoy to Soogan. 

'. The iama;-linaftann, thrice repeated, with a refiain. Eu. Againat Women 


xzii ^HbAueUMu 

Unooiutaaiit ; Co»pleiiit to hit Pons ; I^k of St«dftatnMn ; OantMot ; T>DtlL 
Also in tbB Lsgaod of Good Wemaa, 149-169. 
3 c Th* T-Iino itwua, with &» rimM abuMofr. Bx. (p<wt oO VaMwia. 

3. Tens ffima. Only k faw liuM ; in the Corapleiut to hii Imij, 

4. The lolina itancii, aabaabeddc In the Complaint to hit Lad;. 

5. The ^lina staniB, ooioaWiiIk Only In AnaJiHa. 

S b. The mam, with intanuJ linua. Only In Aneliil*. 

se. The nrne M 5, hat thrioe i«p«*t«d. Only In Womanly MoH me 

6. Two ituuas of 16 linei aaeh; with the ibam aaabaaablMJi*a, Onlj in 

7. The 9-liiie etwini, aAaaibce. Only in the latter part of the Complaint of Van. 

8. The iDondeL In the Parlamant of Fonle* ; and MarsiliiaB BsantA. 

9. Theheroiooonplet. In the liSKend of Oood Women and parta of the Oantaibiuy 

Id A 6-Iina ■tanK^ repaatad ax timea ; with the rimea obabA, Only In tba 
BuTO)' to the Clarkea Tale. 

II. A lo-lina atannk, antaoMaat^ Only in the Envoy to the Complaint of Tenni. 

11. A 6-line atania, oba&ia. Only in the Envoy to Womanly NoUawa. 

1 J. A 5-line atania, aatba. Only in the Enrqy to Oomplsbit to hia Pmai 

The following pieoea are in prote. The Tale of Uelibena. The Feiaoaea Twit. 
Tba trandatien of Boatfalnf, De Conaolatione Philoaopbiaa. The Tiaatiaa on tbo 


IVf «Mi be denoted by pluonetie imoaHabU eymlxile, encloeed witliin marks of 

ptrenthesu. Conyenient phoneiio Qnaabole are these following. 
Vowels. (aaX as a in father ; (a) short, as a in aha f (ae), open long «, as a in 

Mazy ; {e\ open short e, as « in bed ; (ee), close long 0, as s in vail ; (i) short, as F. i 

in iSn^ m (nearly) as S. < in In ; (iiX as 00 in deep ; (aoX open long 0, as aio in Bate ; 

{o)open short o, as in not ; (ooX close long 0, as in note, or in German * so * ; 
{u\ as M in full; (unX as 00 in fiMd ; (H), •> F. u in F. * ton' ; (ft*), as long G. A in G. 
'griZn.* Also (eX as final a in China. 

DiphthoDgi. (aiX m y in fly ; (anX as 010 in now ; (eiX as e< in veH ; (oiX as ot 

C<macmaata(«pe<rialX (kX ae c in eat ; (sX at e in dty ; (ohX as in chjuch ; (tohX 
as in ealeft; (thX as ih in (Ain; (dhXas th in thtm. Also(hX when not tnifioZ, to 
denote a gnttiural aoond, like G. efc in Nadkt, Liekt, but weaker, and nurying with 
the preoeding TOweL 

An aooent is denoted by (*X as in ILE. Maine (naa-meX 

By help of these eymbols, it is possible to explain the meaning of the lC.B.eymbols 
employad by the anibea in Ghaneer's TalesL The following is a list of the sounds 
they denote. Ihe letters lii tiUefc Iiqm are the letters acfiially esi|»2oyed ; the letters 
wiUiin parenthesis denote the mmndt, as abore. 

Observe that long* 9^' also written * 6,* means the same as(ao); and long * f,* also 
written * 4^ 'means the same as (aeX 

Ashort, ^X Xz. ol (al); OS (asX K.B. The modem a in eai(km^)i» denoted by (m\ 
and dctt uot cttur in dmneer. 

« long, (aaX (1) at the end of a eyllaUe ; as ocft (aa je) ; (a) before • or e0 ; as ca« 

•i, ay (eiX originally perhi^Mi (ai) ; bat ai and sC, both being pronooneed as (ei), 
had already been ooaifbaed, and invariably rime together in Caaanoer. G£ BL gay, 

«ii« «w (anX Ex. accNmf (avMint); awe (an-eX 

O9 as (kX except before € and i; as (sX before e and i 

ch(ch); eoh(tchX 

e short, (eX Ex. J^them (ftdh*res) ; middle e dropped. 

e final, (e) ; and often dropped or elided or very lightly touched. 

e long and open, (aeX Sometimes denoted by * ^ * or * ^' Ex. eUne (klae*neX 

e long and dose, (eeX Ex. sieete (swee*te) ; io0g> (weepX 

ei, ey (eiX Ex. wtreU (streit) ; wew (weiX 

g hard, Le. (gX except befbre e and i ; (jX before s and i Ex. yo (gao) ; age (aa-jeX 

gh (hX G. cA. Ex. UgM (liihtX The vowel was at first short, then half-long (as 
probably in ChancerX then wholly long, when the (h) dropped out. Later, (ii) 
btrame (eiX and is now (aiX 

gn (nX with long preceding vowel ; as digne (dii'neX 

1 short, (iX As F. < in iin< ; bat often as B. <in in ; the latter is near enoogh. So 
eleo T9 when abort, as In eiaiiy (maniX 

I, y long, (UX Ex. / (ii) ; sielodyt (mfl-odU-eX 

to (eeX the same as ee. Ex. ■i<sdU^(miecheefX 

I consonantal, (jX Ex. Joy (jei) ; Ivge (jfl'jeX 80 in the ICSa ; bat here printed 

20, eflUn voealie (IX as in EL UugpU (temp-lX Bat note iUMet (staa-blesX 

xxir 3K^(KCfwit, 

oihoit, (a), u in o/{or). Bat u (90) befon gk. Andnotapi 
altnjv {'"X L «, ■■ II In full, wbarevai it haa ■ •oniid like H in mod, B., h in eompai 
fM, MHdt, cMuln, ^ Ex. aofim (niD-ne}, moid: [mniiglf), aiocka (mocha). 

O long »na open, (ao). Somatimea denolad by 'j' oc'ffik' Er, fO <«»o}i i<( 

o long and oloae, (oo). Ex. acta (aoo*ta) ; kood (hoodX 

oi, or (oi). 

on, aw(aa)i »MlnJbmr(fivia); *ow(nnn). Bualr((it), aa tn a^ula (fpols), 

osh fgab), with open 0, m in EL iwt, followed by abort (a). 

00111(111111}; with till aa in E. Aat (foal) ; or u ogti. 

t ia alwi^a drvnglii IHBtd. ash (ihah), ■■ ln.Awta (flreah-ahe). 

a abort, <Q); Fimcb; aa la ^ut (jtlat). Baral;(nJ, aa in ml (knt) ; ""g"*'*' 

n long, (a), aa in nufim (natQrre) j Franoh. 

fra final, (we), but often mnel; (n). Ex. antu (ariraa)| biwa (baoa'e, bfin- 
monM (mom) ; ao U«w (blea-n). 

K.B. Open long a (aa) often arlaea from A.8. S, In, or lengtbatiing of a. Ex. to 
(waere), A.8. wlEnNi ; tfk (aek), A.8. Sie g giftoii (apaakenX A.S. apraoM. Open loni 
(ao) often sfiaea from A.B. 0, orlangtheningof a. Sx. J^ (&>o), A.S. Jtt ; gpeo, A 
itpen, ChaDoBT rafrmina fkora riming open long a (ae), when ariniig ftom A.S. to, 
lengthening of a, with the oloae e ariaing from A.8. c or to. Bat there la am 
uncertainty nbont the quality of tha a ariaing from A.S. O, or Erom raatation. 

Tlie oocarrenoe of rime« anch aa Chancer never employa ftmiahca an ea^ teat I 
poenu which hare been anppoaed to be hU on inanfficient gmnnda. Thna, in T 
Cnokoo and tha Nightingale, Btaniaij,framrimea with been; whereaa the form ^ 



I And ^yllaUM enclosed witUn sqiutre bracketf are mipplied hy the Editor. 
BAdings "vy^ViH with an obelus (t) are doabtftd, and are acoonnted for in the 

hr^ Fra^mtmit QfthU tranOation have come doum to w, O/thete^ Fragment A 
bv Chancer; Fmgment Bishya Northerner^ and ha» many corrupt rtaHnge; whiUt 
rafment OUcfdouMfid origin^ and I do not fsel eure that it U Chaucer's,] 



men leyn that in gweveningee 
lie bat &blee and letinges ; 
en may somme ffwevenes seen, 
i hardely fne fldee been, 
lerw&rd ben apparannte. 5 

my I drawe to warannte 
thonr, that hight Ifacrobee, 
talt not dremes false ne lees, 
idoth ns the avisionn 
rhylom mette king Cipionn. 10 
who-so sayth, or weneth it be 
, or elles [a] nycetee 
le that dremes after falle, 
10-so liste a fool me calle. 
is trowe I, and say for me, 15 

xemes signifiaonce be 
d and harme to many wightes, 
Lremen in her slepe a-nightes 
%ny thinges covertly, 
Ulen after al openly. ao 

The Dream. 
Iiin my twenty yere of age, 
that Love taketh his corago 
ge folk, I wente sone 
idft^ as I was wont to done, 
ist I 'tsleep ; and in sloping, as 
tte swiehe a swevening. 

That lykede me wonders wel ; 

But in that sweven is never a del 

That it nis afterward befalle. 

Bight as this dreem wol telle ns alle. 30 

Now this dreem wol I ryme aright. 

To make yonr hertos gaye and light ; 

For Love it prayeth, and also 

Conmianndeth me that it be so. 

And if ther any aske me, 35 

Whether that it be he or she, 

How [that] this book [the] which is here 

Shall t bote, that I rede yon here ; 

It is the Romance of the Bose, 

In which al the art of love I close. 40 

The mater fair is of to make ; 
Gk>d graunte in gree that she it take 
For whom that it begonnen is ! 
And that is she that hath, y-wis. 
So mochel pryn ; and thor-to she 45 

So worthy is bilovod be. 
That she wel onghte, of prys and right. 
Be cleiMMi Bose of every wight. 

That it was May me thonghte tho. 
It is fyvo yere or more ago ; 50 

That it was May, thns dremed me. 
In tyme of love and jolitoo. 
That al thing ginneth waxen gay, 


t^ fS-wmmut «f (|k ({t««t. 

For thM; ii tuither tinsh nor bay 
In Mar. that it nil alironded been, 55 
And it with newo lovra wremi. 
These wodos eeli reooveren grens, 
That drye in vint«r been to Hna { 
Aod th' ortliQ wexcih prcpnd irilhalJd, 
For Bwoto dewoa that on it faUe, 60 

And [al] the pore eatat forgot 
In whioh that winter badde it wt ; 
And than bioometli the gronnd bo prond 
That it wol have a news slimnd, 
Andmakethsoqaojnt hiiirobeandfhjTti^ 
That it fhath howoB an hnndrcd payr 
Of gnu Had llanrea, inde and pen, 
And nuuky howoa ful dyvert : 
That is the mba I mene, j--wia, 
Through which the groand topi«iceDis.7D 

The briddes, that hui left hlr Bong, 
'Whj'1 they hnn anOred cold ao BlTODg 
In wedres grille, and derk to kighte, 
Ben in Hay, fai the aunae brighte, 
Bo glade, that they shewe in singing, 75 
Hiat in hir hurto ia Bwich lyking. 
That they mota singou aod bo light. 
Han doth the nightingnlo hir might 
To mnke nnyse, and aingen klythe. 

Aloon I wenio in my playing, 
The smalo foolcs song harkning ; 
That peyned horn fal many a payro 
To ainge on Ijowsa bloBmed fayro. 
Jolif and guy, fnl of gUdnesae, 
Toward a river -f-I gan me droBse, 
That I herdo renne iasls by ; 
For ^rer playing non sangh I 
Than playen me by that riveor, 
For from an hille that stood ther near 
Com daan the Btremn lol atif and bold. 
Cteer was the water, and ua cold 
Aa any wells U, lootb to Beyue ; 
And BOmdel laass it was than Satno, 
Bot it was Btmighter wol away. 
And never sangh 1, cr that day, 
Ths water that w> wol lyked me ; 
And wonder glad was I to boo 
That lasty place, and that rivoor ; 
And with that water that lan »o cloer 
My faeo I wiash. Tho aaogh I wel 
The botme paved everydel 
With gmvel, fnl of ilonea shenp. 
Ths msdewe softs, Bwote, and grenn, 
Best right on the wnt«r->yde. 
Ful deer wm than the morow-lyde, 


Zit (ElowAtitii ^ tit (Elo0e. 

Bst Ijk a wood wommAn «ft«jed ; 
T-fitmnoed foole wu hir Tiaage, 155 

And greTining for dispitoui rage ; 
Hir no«0 snorted np for tene. 
Fed hidooe was ehe for to lene, 
Fnl fool and mstj wu ehe, tliie. 
Hir heed j-writhen wae, y-wis, 160 

Fal grimly with a greet towayle. 

An image of another entayle, 
A lift half; waa hir fiute I7 : 
Hir name above hir heed aMigh I, 
And aha waa ealled Fblovts. i6s 

Another Image, that Tii«jjrra 
T-deped waa, SMigh I and fbnd 
Upon the walle on hir right hond. 
Vilanye wae 19k aosndel 
lliat other image ; and, tmateth wel, 170 
She aemed a wikked oreatnre. 
By eoontenannoe, in portraytnre, 
She aemed be /hi daapitona, 
And eek Ail pnmd and ontrageona. 
Wel conde he peynte, I nndertake, 175 
That awiche image coude make. 
Fol fool and cherliah aemed ahe, 
And eek rilaynona for to be, 
And litel conde of nortnre, 
To worahipe any creature. 180 

And next waa peynted CoTzmm, 
That eggeth folk, in many gyee, 
To take and yeve right nongjit ageyn. 
And grate treeonra up to leyn. 
And that ia ahe that for naore 185 

Leneth to many a creatore 
Hie laaae for the more winning, 
80 ooveitooi ia her brenning. 
And that ia ahe, for penyea fele. 
That techeth for to robbe and atele 190 
Theee theree, and theae amale harlotea ; 
And that ia roathe, for by hir throtea 
Fol many oon hangeth at the laate. 
She maketh folk compaaae and caaie 
To taken other folkea thing, 195 

Throogh robberie, or fmiaooonting. 
And that ia ahe that maketh trechoniea ; 
And ahe [that] maketh fldae pledonrea, 
That with hir termea and hir domes 
J>oon maydens, childieD, and eek gromes 
Hir heritage to forgo. 201 

Fol oroked were hir hondea two ; 
For Coveitjte is ever wood 
To grypen other folkea good. 
Coveityse, for hir winning, 205 

Fol leef hath other mennes thing. 

Another image set sangh I 
Next Coveityse faste by, 
And she was cleped Avabick. 
Fol foul in peynting was that vice; ^lo 
Fol sad and caytif waa she eek, 
And al-eo grene as any leek. 
So yvel hewed waa hir ooloar, 
Hir semed have lived in langonr. 
She was lyk thing for hnngre deed, 215 
That ladde hir lyf only by breed 
Kneden with eisel strong and egre ; 
And therto she waa lene and megre. 
And she waa clad fol povrely, 
Al in an old torn f oonrtepy, aao 

As she were al with dogges torn ; 
And bothe bihinde and oek bifom 
Clouted waa she beggarly. 
A mantel heug hir faste by, 
Upon a perche, weyke and smalle ; 325 
A bumet cote hang therwithalle, 
Furred with no menivere, 
But with a furre rough of here, 
Of lambe-skinnes hovy and blake ; 
It was ful old, I undertake. 230 

For Avarice to clothe hir wol 
Ne hasteth hir, never a del ; 
For certeynly it were hir loth 
To weren ofte that ilke cloth ; 
And if it were forwered, she 235 

Wolde have ful greet neceasitee 
Of clothing, er she boughte hir newo, 
Al were it bad of woUe and hewe. 
This Avarice held in hir hando 
A purs, that heng [doun] by a bonde ; 240 
And that she hidde and bond so stronge, 
If en must abydo wonder lon^o 
Out of that purs er ther come ought, 
For that no comcth not in hir thought ; 
It was not, certein, hir entente 245 

That fro that purs a peny wento. 


And by that image, njrgh y-nough, 
Was fpeynt Esvyk, that never lough, 
Nor never wel in herte fordo 
Bnt-if she oather aaugh or herde 250 

B 2 

Vtt (gMumt of ttl (Bwt. 

No-thing may «o moch liir plese 

Or vbaii ihe aesth duoamfitiira 

■fOn any worthy Hum [to] falle, iss 

Thaii lyloth hir [tai] wel withallo. 

Bhe is f\U glad in hir Gomge, 

If aho Boa any greet linage 

Ba broDght to uaaght. in ihamAtl wyse. 

And if a man in honoor lyw, »6o 

Or by Ilia witta, or by prowMse, 

Of that hath ahe grct hevinoue ; 

For, trosteth wel, ahe gotb nigh wood 

When any ahannoe happeth good. 

Eavyo ii of swich craaltea, 165 

That feith Qe tronthe holdetb aha 

To freend no folawc, bad or good. 

Me ahe hath kin noon of hir blood. 

That ahe uis fal bir enemy ; 

She noldo, I dar aeyn hardaly, 170 

Hir owna fader ferde weL 

And sore aliyeth she overydol 

Hir moli^Mf, and hir malt&lent : 

For ahe ia in ao greet tnnnent 

And hath anrh [ivoj, whan folk doth 

SoRowT was peyDtod nartEaTya 
PpoE that wiUlo of maaoniya. 
Bat wol was »ocn in hir colour 
That she badde lived in langonr; 
Hir wmed havfl the Jannyoe. 
Nonght half so pale waa Avaryca, 
Nor no-thing lyk, (aa) of leneaae ; 
For Borowe, thonghl, and greet diKtn 
That aha hadde antfred day and nigh 
Uade hir fnl yelwe, and no-thlng bii 
Pnl fade, pale, and megre olao. 
Waa never wight yit half ao m 
Aa that hir lemed for to he. 
Nor ao fulfilled of ire aa ahe. 
t trowe that no wight mighte bir plM 
Nor do that thing that mighlo hir ai 
Nor the ne wolde hir lorowe ilake, 
Hot Domfort noon nnto hir take ; 
Bo dope waa hir wo bigonnen, 
And cek hir herte in angro ronnon, 
A BOrowfnt thin^ wol BCsied aha. 
Nor aho hadde no-thing eluwe be 
For to foreraechen al hir fapo, 
And for to -l-rendo io many place 
Hir ololhea, and for to terc hir awin 


t^ (Si^mMnU cf i^t (Stoae. 




l^diorter wu a foot, y-wii, 
^^ aha WAS wont in her Tonghede. 
TiiMChehir-Mlf ihe mighte fode ; 
80 fibk and eek so old wu the 
^ ftdfld wms al hir beantee. 
fUnlowe was waxen hir ooloar, 
^ hmd for-hoor waa, whjrt as floor. 
^'^ gret qnabn ne were it noon, 
^•ibiie, although hir lyf were gon. 
Al VQian was hir body nnwelde, 
^ dije, and dwyned al for elde. 
A M fonrelked thing was she 
^^ iriiylom round and softs had be. 
^WBf ihoken ftst withalle, 
^froaihar heed they wolde fiJle. 
Kv laee froonced and forpyned, 365 

And boUie hir hondes lorn, fordwyned. 
80 old ifae was that she ne wente 
A foot, but it were by potente. 
^ Tncx, that passeth night and day, 
And rwtalees travayleth ay, 
And stdeth from ns so prively, 
That to nt eemeth sikerly 
T^ it in oon point dw^eth ever, 
Ai)*! cert«e, it ne resteth never, 
But gv>t]i ao £ute, and passeth ay, 
T^ ther nis man that thinke may 
^^'hat tyme that now present is : 
Aiketh at these derkes this ; 
^''r [erj men thinke it redily, 
"^^^ tymes been y-passed by. 
'^ tyme, that may not sojoome, 
°^^ gnth, and -fnever may retoome, 
^' ^iter that donn renneth ay. 





&ever drope retonme may ; 

^^ 0^7 no-thing as tyme endure, 385 

*«tal, nor erthely creature ; 

j^raUe thing it fret, and thai : 

^« tyme eek, that channgeth al, 

^&<1 al doth waxe and fostred be, 

^^'i all« thing distroyeth he : 390 

^^ tyme, that eldeth oar anncessonrs 

^4 eldeth kinges and emperonrs, 

Aud that ns alle thai overcomon 

^ that death ns shal have nomen : 

^e tyme, that hath al in welde 395 

^0 «ld«n folk, had maad hir elde 

^ inly, that, to my witing, 

8he mighte halpe hiiHwlf no-thing, 

^ tnzned ageyn unto ohildhede ; 

EQie had no-thing hir-self to lede, 400 
Ne wit ne pith in[with] hir holde 
More than a ohild of two yeer olde. 
But natheles, I trowe that she 
Was fiidr snmtyme, and fresh to see. 
Whan she was in hir rightfhl age : 405 
But she was past al that passage 
And was a doted thing bioomen. 
A furred oope on had she nomen ; 
Wei had she olad hixHKlf and warm, 
For oold mighte elles doon hir hann. 410 
These olde folk have alwey oolde, 
Hir kind is swiche, whan they ben 

Another thing was doon ther write, 
That semede lyk an ipoorite, 
And it was doped Popx-holt. 415 

That ilke is she that prively 
Ke apareth never a wikked dede. 
Whan men of hir taken non hede ; 
And maketh hir outward precious, 
With pale visage and pitous, 4^ 

And semeth a simple creature ; 
But thor nis no misaventure 
That she ne thenketh in hir corage. 
Ful lyk to hir was that image, 
That maked was lyk hir semblaunce. 425 
She was ftil simple of countenance. 
And she was clothed and eek shod, 
As she were, for the love of god, 
Yolden to religioun, 

Swich semed hir devocioun. 430 

A aauter held she faate in honde. 
And bisily she gan to fondo 
To make many a feynt prasrere 
To god, and to his seyntes dere. 
Ne she was gay, fresh, no jolyf, 435 

But semed be ful ententyf 
To gode werkes, and to fairs, 
And therto she had on an hairo. 
Ke certes, she was fat no-thing. 
But somod wery for fasting ; 44° 

Of colour pole and deed was she. 
From hir the gate •f-shal womod be 
Of paradys, that blisful place ; 
For swich folk maketh lene hir fface, 
As Crist seith in his evangyle, 445 

To gete hem prys in toun a whyle ; 
And for a litel glorie veine 
They lesen god and eek his reine. 

^de (gleMdutU of iit (gMt. 


Wbh paynted Potkkt al aloon, 4? 

TliBt not a pony baclilo in woMs, 
At-thoogh [tliat] she bir dothea goldo, 
And thoagh Bhe slialdo snboaged ba; 
For nuked as A worm wai she. 
And if the wcdor Btflrmy ware, 4S 

For oDide she eliulde have deyed there. 
She Dadde on bat a Btreit old uk. 
And muiy a cloat on it ther etak ; 
Tills »M hir cote and hir mantel, 
Nft more waa thero, nevor a del, 46 

Tu clotho her with ; 1 nnderta^Bi 
Gret leysar hadde ahe to qnske. 
And Bhe mipnt. that T of talke, 
For fro these other, cp in an bnllie; 
There larked and there ooured she ; t6 
For povro thing, wber-Bo it be, 
1h Bliamfiutt, and despj-s^ ay. 
Acnnicd tn^y wel bs that day, 
That pOTTQ man conceyved ia ; 

Or wcl amyod o: 

And I my-»elf »o loery ferde, 
Wban I hir blisfOl Boogea herde, ^ 

That for an hundred ponnd -f-nolde 1, — 
If tbot the possaee openly 
Hadde been onto me free- 
That I noldo entren for to see 
Thaaaemblee, god -jnt kope and were I 5a 
Of briddea, vbicbe therinue were. 
That aongen, thfongh hir mei7 throlsa, 
Dauncai of lore, and mery notca 

Wban I thua horde fonles ainge, 
I fol faatc in a veymontinge, ;i 

By whioh art, or hy what angyn 
I mighte come in that gardyn ; 
But way I coothe finde noon 
Into that gardin for to goon. 
Na nonght wiste I if that ther were ji 
£yther hole or place |o}-wbBre, 
By which I mighte have entree ] 
Ne ther waa noon to tcche me ; 
Far I waa al oloou, y-wii, 
-fFal woand ansoissons of thi*. p 

Til atto lost bitbonRbtc I mo, 
That by no weyo ne mighto it bo ; 
That thernu Uiddro or veylo paeae. 
Or bole, into Bo fair a plaec. 


•^ ***amiwT J^ Z^t (^onUlUnf of t^t dtOK. ^^| 

"■'■' Ivt trhyt and wel colonnd. 

And for to konba and itmsh iuo. 


''I'll Ulel moBth. and iviuid to N« 

Acineyntofl am I, and privoo 


With Mirths, lord of Ibja Rsnlyn, 

' .r neUa ma of ^oad fiiioni] 

l-ngthe uid gwtnerae, by resoun 

Mode tho treaa +b<> bidar fet. 

"■.■licmlelil^yne, «i»bbs, orrojue. 

That ia this gardin boan y-aat. 

-' ■ ■ Jwiualem unto Bargayaa 

And -hon the trees »'ere woion on high^^^H 

r nit a flui«r nekke, y-wu, 

Thia will, that slant here in thy (ighto, ^^^| Mirtbe anclosen al abonte 1 

-r liiDle. >l-»o whyt of bewe 

And tbaae imagea, al withnnta, 

' SLiiMronbraiiiiche anowod nevre. 

Ha dido ham bothe entaUe and peynla, ^^H 

' I--.-1T fill -el wrenght waa lio ; 

That noithei ben jolyf ne qBeynta, 

>l LI neddd not, in do ooutne, 


Bat they ben fnl of aorowe and wo. 


Aa thin hut seen a vhyle ago. 

M 1 o/fra oiAa^s bad ahe aka 

' And ofta tymo, him to «olaoo. 

■■ ■ bpelet : so isinly oon 

Sir Mirtha aomath into thia i>Uca. 

^■' wElvd nevBT mayda upon : , . . 

And uek with him oometh bia mayoa 

•. ^^H 

AM aireabora that ch.ptUt 


That liven in lost and jolitoe. 


And now ia Uirthe therin, to here 

J fit. badd« [in hoBde] a PW mironr, 

Tho hridLlea. how they lingen clero, 

.<na>ri[h K rieho gold treMonr 

Tha maris and the nightiogkla, 

And -rthor joly briddM smale. 



And tbuB he walketh to aohtm 

■ ifnrtokepahirhondoieure 

Him and his folk ; for awetlor phtce 

' ch-im whyto abe haddo a piUi«. 

To pleyan in he may not fiude. 

1 .ho hmdde ™ a cota of grana 

Althongh ho looghlo oon in-tU Indo. 

Tho altliur-fnirest folk to lea 



That in this world may fonnde be 

■ ■ •« not wrmt to greet travayle. 

Hnth Mirthe with him in his route, 

' r whan aho k«mpt waa fetialy, 

That folowan him alwayea abonto.' 

'1 'Hi •mj-i'il tmd licbaly, 

: wii.. Wl aho doon al hir jonraee 

An<l I hadde hatknad wal, y-wi^ 


i mniy and wel lijgoon waa ibo. 

Than seide I to dame Ydobiea», 


■ Now al-» wialy KOd me bleue, 

. i:« iaJdo no thought, by night na day. 

Sith Uirthe, that is w fair and &ee, 

L OIuMhiBg, botitweraoonly 

Is in thia yordo with hia meynee, 

1 IVrvOiahlrWBlandimoonthly. 

eu ^1 

,1 WUb that this don haildenpsned 

r Thutnuj^en, aemelrfortoaM., 


Tbat I tbia night ne mote it aee. 

' 'iimkcd hir a« I b«t mlgblo, 

For, wal weoo I, ther with him ba 

: wAt hir how that ibe bigbte, 

A fair utd joly companya 

"hat aba na, 1 oxede 6k«. 


1 -lie in mo ma nought onmako, 

In at tho wikot wenta I tho. 

That Tdehieaaa hodda opened roe. 

iQlo that gardin lair to boo. 

' i>1» nni mo, more and lane. 

The Gttrden. 

i ra,Bhty and fal rich* am I. 

And whan I was [lher]in, ywis, 

' 'Iiat of Dun tiling, tuunaly ; 

Us-n borto was ftil glad of tbia. 

I <ot«i>U> to no-lhing 

For wel wende I hi dkerly 

tu my joys, and toy playing. 

Have boon in porudys orthle]ly i 



^ OEtOMMmf of tit f$A»t. 

80 fur it TBA, thjkt, trrutoth wel. 

It aomod a plaoa o^iritnel. ' 

^r cert««, M at my dDV7*i 

Ther ia no pU« in pondjv 

Bo good in for to dwello or be 

Ai in Uutt OahdI!!, thonehte nu ; 

Fbr there waa many a brid Binging^ i 

ThronghoQt the yerde ol thringiug, 

la many ptiwca wore nightuigalea, 

Alpes, flncboi. and wodewaJo, 

That in ber swete aong delytoa 

In thilko -fplaco an they bahyten. ( 

Thor misbte men see many flakkel 

Of tajtlos and [ofj laTeroUces. 

CWlanndrea fele saw I there, 

Tliat wery, nigh forBOnjen ware. 

And tbnutlos, lorins, and mavyi, ( 

That aongon for to wione hem piyt, 

And «ek to lormounte in hir wmg 

■tThaae ather briddei hem among. 

By note made fair Bervyso 

Thsao briddoa, that I yon devyro ; ( 

They aoogo hir long aa fiiiro and wbI 

Hadde opened, and me leten in. 

From henneafoitfa ho* that I vran( 
I ihal yon t«Uen, as me thonghti. 
^nt, whereof Mirthe ■erred tberoi 
And aek what folk ther with him «« 
Withunl{e] bble I vol deHiyre. 
And of that gardin eek aa blyrs 
I wol yon (ellan after Ihia. 
Ibe taire &Knui al, y-wia. 
That wel [y-jwiflnght waa for the no* 
I may not t«Ue yoa al at onei : 
Bat aa 1 m^ and can, I ahal 
By ordre tellen yoa it aL 

Fnl fair servyse and eek fOJ >wet« 
These briddes mad en as theiy seta. 
Layes of iove, fol wol aowning 
They BODgen in hir jorgoning ; 
Smomo higho and inmme eak lows • 
Upon the brannohaa grene y-apronxK 
The sereetocaBS of hir malodye 
Mads al myn herts in -freserdye. 
And whan that I hadde herd, I tioir 

Than mighto I not withboldo me 
Tbat I n< 

Mirthe ; for ni,v desiring 


t^ QgtotiUUiiU of t^t (£to0^ 

a gong gwioh refraininge, 

mder wel to nnge. 750 

deer wms and fiil swete. 

ight rode ne tuimete, 

p-now of swioh doing 

into caroling : 

wont in every place 755 

rat, folk to lolace ; 

most she gaf hir to ; 

I she 00 leef to do. 

test thou oaroles seen, 

er] daonce and mery been, 760 

many a fair tonming 

ene gras springing. 

isi thou see these floutoors, 

uid eek jogelonrs, 

singe dide hir pejme. 765 

:e songes of Lorejme ; 

rne hir notes be 

than in this contree. 

my a timbestere, 

s, that I dar wel swere 770 

iraft tal parfitly. 

np fnl sotilly 

uid hente[n hem] ful ofte 

sr faire and sofle, 

le] filled never-mo. 775 

niselles two, 

I, and folle of semlihedo, 

nd non other wede, 

essed every tresse, 

doon, for his noblesse, 780 

Carole for to dannce ; 

fth no remembrannce, 

ey daonced qneyntoly. 

ilde oome al prively 

other : and whan they were 

ost, they threwe y-fere 786 

I so, that through hir play 

they luste alway ; 

wel coude they the gyse ; 

a I more to yon devyse ? 790 

lever thennes go, 

, I saw hem dannce sa 

carole wonder fasto 
e ; til atte laste 
ne for to espye, 795 

cleped CirmEsrE, 
fuL, the debonairo ; 
rer ialle hir iaire! 

Fol curteisly she called me, 
*What do ye there, beau sire?' qnod 
she, 800 

' Come [neer], and if it lyke yow 
To danncen, dannceth with ns now,' 
And I, withoate tarying, 
Wente into the caroling. 
I was abaashed never a del, 805 

Bat it me lykede right wel 
That Cortesye me cleped so. 
And bad me on the daonce go. 
For if I hadde dorst, certeyn 
I wolde have caroled right iieiyn, 810 

As man that was to daonce blythe. 
Than gan I loken ofte sythe 
The shap, the bodies, and the oheres, 
The coontenaonce and the maneres 
Of alle the folk that daonced there, 815 
And I shal telle what they were. 


Fol fair was Mirthe, tal long and high ; 
A fuirer man I never sigh. 
As round as appel was his face, 
Ful rody and whjt in every place. 820 
Fetys he was and wel beseye. 
With metely month and yfin greye ; 
His nose by mesure wrought ful right ; 
Crisp was his heer, and eek ful bright. 
His shuldres of a large brede, 835 

And smalish in the g^irdilstede. 
He semed lyk a portreiture, 
So noble he was of his stature. 
So fair, so joly, and so fetys, 
With limes wrought at poynt devys, 8jO 
Deliver, smert, and of gret might ; 
No sawe thou never man so light. 
Of berde unnethe hadde he no-thing. 
For it was in the firsts spring. 
Ful yong he was, and mery of thought, 
And in samyt, with briddes wrought 8^6 
And with gold beten fetisly, 
His body was clad ful richely. 
Wrought was his robe in straunge gyse, 
And al to-slitered for queyntyse 840 

In many a place, lowe and hye. 
And shod he was with greet maistrye, 
With shoon deooped, and with laas. 
By druorye, and by solas. 
His leef a roson chapelet 845 

Had maad, and on his heed it set. 

And wite ye who was his leef? 


)Vm4 t-t. f •? AMU ^r, ytVtA* SM. 

h^'4t.M !•/•*. 'f, l^tm 

P't h'w^t / •■UA in Dlk WM b*, 
f*w< •! in M'HiH •Ml H>f>initiM, 
f fMlHiwI «r vKh in»"iiil4m i 
Ah'l wild l'W-nHM«hfl •I'mh'mna, 
W>llt I'tI'KImi, llhKI'lM, Kii'l lynnii*, 
A ii'l iilliw lfMl*« wcniKtit ml w*l. 

ltl«||»l'l<>tlHilll. WHMtkrr^t 

■ad >T pnfwciavB 

id loBg. ctfKed faaooB. 

Tlimt atEMd Itk no sodding. 

id ten brodt uvwcs hdd be 
whicli Art in hii right hand w 

it they wct« ahaveu wrl and di^t, 
JTokkcil and fathired a-ri«fal ; 
And k1 Iher wem with gold btgoon. 
And (trrmgn po7nt«d evsnchoon. 
And ih&ipa for to k«rven weaL f 

Bat Inn wm tlw noon n« itasl ; 


Z^ (gi^mami of Ht (floae. 


gold, men mighte it tee, 
ke the fetheres and the tree. 

fwiflest of these arowea fyve 
a bowe for to diyve, 9150 

lat [7>>fethered for to flee, 
irest eek, was eleped BiAumi. 

ther arowe, that hnrteth lease, 
eped, as I txowe, Sim plkmx. 

ridde cleped was Fkauhchts x, 955 
tthered was, in noble wyse, 
nakmr and with cnrtesye. 

irthe was cleped CoMpjume, 
0vy tor to fsheten is ; 
lo-so sheteth right, y-wis, 960 

terwith doon gret harm and wo. 

te of these, and laste also, 
ncBLAnrr men that arowe calle, 
«te grevoos of horn alle ; 
1 it make a fol gret woonde, 965 
may hope his sores sonnde, 
art is with that arowe, y-wis ; 
the bet bistowed i& 
may soner have gladnesse, 
igonr onghte be the lesse, 970 

arowes were of other gyse, 
ien fhl fonle to dev3*Be ; 
ift and cnde, sooth to telle, 
1-so blak as fecnd in belle. 

irst of hem is called Pbtdk ; 975 

her arowe next him bisyde, 
'jr}-clcped ViLAJTYE ; 
owe was as with felonye 
med, and with spitous blame. 

idde of hem was cleped Shaiiix. 980 

rthe, Waxbopk cleped is, 

B, the Newe-Tiiouoht, y-wis, 
I arowes that I gpcke of hero, 
He fyre fof oon manere, 
e were they resemblable. 985 

was wel sitting and able 
le croked bowe hidoos, 


That knotty was, and al roynons. 
That bowe semede wel to shete 
These arowes fyve, that been nnmete, 990 
Contrarie to that other fyve. 
Bnt though I telle not as blyve 
Of hir power, ne of hir might, 
Her-afber shal I tellen right 
The sothe, and eek signiflaonce, 995 

As far as I have remembrannoe : 
Al shal be seid, I undertake, 
£r of this boke an ende I make. 
Now come I to my tale Bg^yn. 
Bnt alderfirst, I wol jwn seiyn 1000 

The fasonn and the oonntenannoes 
Of al the folk that on the daonoe is. 
The God of Love, jolyf and light, 
Ladde on his honde a lady bright. 
Of high pxys, and of greet degree. 1005 

This lady called was BxAtrm, 
t As was an arowe, of which I tolde. 
Ful wel [y>thewed was she holde ; 
Ne she was derk ne broon, but bright. 
And cleer as [is] the mone-light, 1010 
Ageyn whom alle the sterres semen 
Bat smale candels, as we demen. 
Hir flesh was tendre as dewe of flonr, 
Hir chere was simple as byrde in boor ; 
As whjij as lilie or rose in rys 1015 

Hir face, gentil and tretys. 
Fetys she was, and smal to see ; 
No fwindred browes hadde she, 
Ne popped hir, for it neded nonght 
To windre hir, or to peynte hir onght. loao 
Hir tresses yelowe and longe stranghten. 
Unto hir heles donn they ranghten : 
Hir nose, hir month, and eye and cheke 
Wel wrought, and al the remenaont eke. 
A fnl gret savour and a swote ■ 1025 

Me fthinketh in myn herte rote, 
As helpe me god, whan I remembre 
Of the fasoun of every membra ! 
In world is noon so fair a wight ; 
For yong she was, and hewed bright, lojo 
f Wys, plesaunt, and fetys withalle, 
Gente, and in hir middel smalle. 
Bisyde Beaute yede Rictixssx, 
fAn high lady of greet noblesse, 
And greet of prys in every place. 1035 
But who-so dunte to hir trespaoe, 

Or lil hir folk, in +«onio or dede, 
Ho vfn fill liardy, otit of drcde ; 
For bothe aho holpa uid Mndta may ! 
And that is nonght of yistcnlay J040 

Thnt richa folk have tal gret might 
To holpo, and «ak to greve a wight, 
Didco Bicheue tal gret honour, 
And beey vmnm hir to lerve ; 10(5 

For tiist they woldo hir love doserre. 
They clepcd hir 'I«dy,' p-oi«andsin«Jle ; 
This wydo vorld hir dredeth oUe ; 
This world is nl in hir dancgerfl. 
Hir conrt hath many a losengere, 10^ 
And many a tn^tonr envions, 
That boon fol Le^ and onriona 
For to difipreiooD, and to hlomo 
That best deaerven love and name. 
Bifon ths folk, hem to bigylen, lOf^ 

Thaie losangeres Iiem prey», and amylen. 
And thoa the 1l^)^ld "with word anoynton ; 
Bnt afterward thoy fprikka end poyntBn 
The folk right to tio bara boon, 
Bihincle her bale wbon thoy ben goon, 
And fonle abate the folkea ptys. lofii 

Fnl many a wortliy man and wys, 

For who-so bar the Btoon so bright, 
Of veaun i-thnrie him no-tbing donte, 
While he the Etoon bodde bim about«. 
That Btoon was greetly fo: 
And til a riche mannos bibove 
Worth al the gold in Home and Fryia, 
The monrdannt, wonght in noblo yyta, 
Was of a Etoon fnl precioos, lu 

That was » lyn and Tertaoos, 
That hool a man it coade make 
OfpHlasye, and of tonth-akf. 
And yit tjia itoon badde nuche a gnux. 
That he WHS Bikar in every place, itk 
Al thilke day, not blind to been, 
That fasting mtghto that stuon seen. 
The boiToa were of gold ful fyne, 
Upon a tison of sotyne, 
Fol bevy, greet, and ncKthing light, in 
In averich was a bevannt-wighL 
Upon the treoes of Biohosae 
Was set » cercle, for noblesse, 
Of breud gold, that ful ligbte sboon ; 


Bnt he ware onnning. fo 
That eondo devysen alle 
That in that cercle Bhew< 


Zii ^emaunf of tit (|toM. 


clera. "^ 

o aiiiuTiitad wlUi Bichtno i 
■•1 tUa piupoa, u I BB>9e. 1140 

^ (hr ta mkko grMt diipeUM, 
llioiiia wemiiiK nr dcfunom 
d RieliMw Bgisht it wel nutene, 
I And hir ilitpaDMi* wel oui^toDa, 

And him BlwRir (wicji plcntao wsnda 11*5 
Of Kol-l aiKl cilTor Air Ui •panda 
ViiboTKn lokluDg or dttaugdre, 
A> U trcra pmmd in a ganiBre. 

A«d aiUr on Uia (Uonoe mate 

fur Is bo haaoanible and fnw ; 

Of Alexnadn* kin wu shs ; 

Rlr ^Mato joys wu, r-wii, 

WHmi Uial the jttf, and wide ' have Uuk' 

Xc4 AvbHcbi tlu fdole caiityl', ■I'is 

Wh luilr lo (iTpa K c&tflDtrT, 

Ai T ■■»■»■ b to yrc and tpendo. 

ABd end y-ooagh altty hir •ddiIi!, 

So xif* Uw Bon (lu 7af awBT, 

nt* Mum, r-*i«, ilie hadde nlwer. 1160 

(Int lotm hatb taigi—ai and ([nit pt^s ; 

fW UMba vyafaUc and nnwy* 

Wa* hoolljr to hir laiuidtiin btooglit, 

Su wal with jrlAaa batli ibs wioDgbt. 

And if iha liadda an Boam;, 11A5 

1 Uvw^ thaX the oonda ciaRily 

llaJcB hija fill aoma bir Ereeud l» lia, 

&> lais* otyitt aud ffva *aa aho ; 

Tluoton lb* itood in lore and gisoa 

Of rieb* and porn in bv«c; plooo. 1 iju 

A M grtt GmI la he, j-wis, 

Thai Ui(h« riolia and nig&rd ia. 

A lov^l dvf hare no miwer Tice 

Titat (ntMli mora tiian BTarica. 

f LIT nk^Ull narar with Arength^ of hond 

VMf vinna hha graet lordchiji or hmd. 

far fraaodaa ri to fcwa liath hu 1177 

Tu doDB Ilia vll perfuiinnoU bik 



Itwor dcnj. 








Wei founndd was bir face ai 

And opsned had ahe hir sols 

For the right there hadde in present 

Unto a Iwlf maad preaent 

Of a gold iiroeliD, ful wel wronght. 

And certos, it missat bir nought ; 

Fur tliroogh bir maokke, wnmglit wltli 

The flesh vol seen, aa wlirt oa nulk. 

lATgeaae, that worthy waa and wya, 

Held bj the bonds a kniglit of pi;*, 

Wna Bib to ArUianr of Bretaigae. 

And that waa be tliat bar the enasigne 

Of worship, and thstB^nfanann. iioi 

And ylt he ii oFlwidi renoim, 

That men of him se^ie fairo tblngea 

Bifore barouna, erlea, and kingos. 

Thia knight waa oomen al Bewely 

Pro toomeyinge iaata by 

Ther hadda he doon giet chivalrre 

Through bis verta ■ 


f Had cast donn many a doughty mail. 

lewely "°S_ 

livalrye ^^^| 
Dutiatryit (l^^^l 

gbtymaiL li^^* 


1 diune Fhaiti- 

And next him daon 
Arrayed in fol noble gyse. 
Sbc was not bmtm no dtin of bare, 
Bat whyl as snowe y-faUon newe. 
Hir noaa waa wrought at poynt deTysjii5 
For It WBSgentiland trotys; 
With ayen gladde, and brvwea bant* ; 

And she was simple al dowve on trtCi 

Fnl debonaire of herta waa abiL 11x1 

She dnislo never aeyn ne do 

Bat that [thing] that hir lunged to. 

And if a man were in diatreuo, 

And fur hir Iov« in hevineaso, 

Hir bert« wolda havo fol greet |iitM, itij 

She waa to anuable and t>ea. 

For were a man for hir bistad. 

She wolda ben right sore admd 

That ahe dide over great outngv, 

Bat she him helpu his luuui to oi 

Hir thoughts it ellea a vilauye. 

And aha haddo on a n ' 

That not o( flion 

So fair WM noon in alls A 

Lord, it waa riddad falfsly I 

Tbsr naa nM faa pornt, trawcly, 

Zii fS-^mtamt of (9t (Bost- 

on damisvlla, than doCh roket ■: 

A vomman wel more tftyt is 

In rolKit than in oute, y-wiff. 

The wiiyto rokot, ridoled fnjro, 

■Mllt.ikeno.1, thnt ful liubunfiire 

And j^WQto wad ^e that it bore* li 

By kir daonced a liachelerc ; 

I con not telle yon what he highte, 

Dnt fair he wiu, and of good highta, 

>1 hndde he 1 
The lordes aoi 



:t that dunnced Cchtistk, 
mil bra, 

She for tfl ilaimco culled me, 
(I pray([(iilyeTO]iir right good grace' 
Whan I com first into the i>lsfe. 
She wna not nyoe, ne outrageona, 
Bnt nyg And wur, uid vortnong, 
Of fairv Bpocho, and faire answere ; 
Wa« never wight miaseid of liure ; 

Ifyee she ■wat, hot she oe mente iitj 

Noaa hxrm ne slight in bii entanle, 

But only Init and jolilse. 

For yonge folk, wol mien ye. 

Have liul thoaght bat on hir play. 

Bir lemman wm biiiyde alway. 1190 

In iwich A gyM, that he hir kiata 

At alle tymea that him liste. 

That al the datmoe mights it ne ; 

Thoy make no force of privetce; 

For who apak of hem yvel or wel, »g| 

They were aaharoed never-a-del, 

fiat man mighte >«ien hem kiaie than, 

Al it two yooge donveB vera. 

For yong w»« thilka baobelere. 

Of beaotewot InooQhiBpere; "j" 

And he wm right of swich an ago 

Ab Youths hia leef. and swioh oonige. 

The lusty folk ftbtia daonced thore, 
And also other that with hem were, 
That irerea alle of hir meynee ; 'SK 

Fnl bendo folk, and. wys, and &ee, 
And folk of fair port, trewoly, 
Thar veren alle comnnly. 

Whan I hadde seen the oonntenannc* 
Of hem that ladden thna thiisa dannc 
Than hadde 1 

Zi* StemAtiitt «f tU (?«»<■ 

i^il ha K'D ■! bende. 

d redjr for to ilryn^ 

Alt In mn^«a1«fl 
r^Uf wotmrloi kepo me, 

itt-thlng w 


wluui Uiey bon i^ka. 
WT van, BTMt r»isona, 
MtM In bir BC»un, 136c 

dm* (nM plentae, 
itaf ■ dftte-trcs 
If tB«D biuble Dede, 136; 

I fyonl iB loQcth uid btede. 
t waxlns Diany » itires, 

6*. and Uboitcii, 

I BiVirD <la tiwniJn, 

. Hta»*Is <4 piyl, 1,17c 


B B«t 17M fra table. 

hl^b loi«r»R>l pyn 

eUna >1 Uut fcuilyo : i3> 

'la, onk, alb, pUnga Iodco, 
ter, Mwl BdiIm liiir*, ijl 

And iitbere trees nil many a pnjre. 

What shoMe I telle you more of ll ? 
Tb^r were »j m&ny tre£a jil, 
Thiit I sIioIUd »1 en com tired be 
£r I had rekeneil evury trei». 1 ji)0 

These trees were sat, tlmt I deryss, 
Oon from ftimtliBr, in assyse, 
Five fitdome or aiie, I trows so, 
But they were hye and grete >Iso 1 
And Tor to kepe out vrel the sanna, 1J95 
The oroppes were so tbiklte y-roDno, 
And over; braimoh in other fknet, 
And fnl of gnme leves +>et. 
That Buiuie mighl^ noon desoeoile, 
Lost [it] the l«nilxe gmoKes fihendct 1400 
Tber mighto men does and roes ;-aee, 
And of squircls fhl sroet plentee. 
From boogh to bough &lwoy lepin^ 
CuDJea ther were oku plnying, 
That oomen oat of liir olaperea t^iu 

Of S0Ddi7 cokmrauid manerea, 
And madan many a tomfj-iug 
Cpou the frenhe gna springing:. 
The WeUes. 

In places saw I vrtuJU there. 
In wbicho tber no frogges were, 14111 

And iair in sbadwe was 4VBry ivella ; 
Dot I no «n tbe nombra telle 
Of Btremee smaJe, thai by devys 
Hinhe bad den come throngU oondj-s. 
Of which tbe irater, in ronning, 141s 

Qan roaho a noyse ful lyking. 

About tbe briukcs ol thiac walU*, 

Sprang up the gru, as thikke y-set 

And solte asany TslnSt, 1410 

On which men migbte his lemmBQ luyn, 

Aa on a fetharbed, to pleye. 

For th'eitbe was fUI aoite and sweUi. 

Thiongh moistunj of the woUo wato 

Spmns Dp the sut« grene gnt«, 1415 

As fair, as thikke, as miatur vaa. 

But mncbe amended it the ptat^e, 

That th'ertlia wasorswicUftgraca 

That it of flooros hwl jdenlo. 

That both in aoniur and wiulei bu. 14 vi 

Tber apning the violoto al nawa, 
And fresabe porvialui, riohe of heue, 
And flooraa yalowe, whyte. and rade i 
Swith plonlee tnv llmr nuvvf in mad*. 
Ful gny waa al the {[round, and qoaynt, 

And pondred, Ki roen had it peyst, njfi 
With many b fnsh and eoadry floar, 

That ciuti?n np fOl ^ood oiTDiir. 

I vrol not tonge bolda yaa m fabU 
Ofnl thia gfirdui tdelitsbla. 1^41 

1 moot my iJiDga nluten nede, 
For I no may, withoot«n dreds, 
Nanght tcllco yoa tho besntee al, 
No half tbe lioiiiitee therawitliaL 

I wcnto on right hanils and on left 1445 
Abonto the pluee ; it was not loft, 
Til I hadda si tho fyerda in been, 
Id the testreB tbM men mighte seen. 
And thai whyle I i*ento in my ptiy, 
The Qod of Love me folowed ay, mo 

Right aa an linnter mn abyde 
Tbe beatfi, til he aeeth bia tyde 
To -l^ete, at ftood met, to tba dero, 
Whan (bat bim nedetli go no nere. 

And so befll, I rested ma 1455 

lB«eyde n welle, nodar a tree, 
Which trea in Prannoe men call a pyn. 
Bat, silh tho iymo of ting Papyn, 
Ne grow ther tree in mannee aighto 
So iiur, ne so wel wojte ia highte ; 1460 
In al that yerde bo high waa noon. 

Sbo badda in bertfl w gret mi, n<l6 

And look it in so gret diapyt. 
That ebe. wiUiointe more roepyt, 
Wai deed aniwn. Bnt, er sha deyde, 
Pal pitonaly to god ahe preydo, 149a 

That pronda'bertfid NareiaQa, 
^ut was in lovo ao danngerom, 
Highte on a day \m bampred so 
For love, and been 10 hoot for In, 
Tbat never be mighte joye atteyne ; 143J 
Than ihnlde he fele in ereiy Toyne 
\Vhat Borawe trewe lovan makan, 
That boon so frilaynaly forsaken. 
Thia jTiayer vas hat rasonahle, 
Tlerfar god held it fenna and stable : i.<nD 
For Naroisiu, Bhortly to telle. 
By aventttre com to that -wells 
To reslo him in that shadowing 
A day, whan ha com fro hunting. 
This Naniaas had mffrsd pftynea ijoj 
For roaniDg alday in the playnes, 
And wag for thoi^ in greet diitre«se 
Orbata, and of hie worincaso 
That hadda hia brootb almost hinomac 
Whan he was to tliat wellc y-comon, ijio 
That shadwed waa with hiannches grsas, 

C0C ({tomaunf »f f6« QtoBC. 

JAdjtfl. 1 iirej^ nmniplQ tiiieth. 

■I It bir il«ih be 70W to v^la. 
ii.-i eao (al wel your irhjio qoyta. 

Wliui that thii lettre, of vhiche 1 1 
fiaJ Usght ne thmt it wu the wella 
OrXveinu In hi* beuitoe. 


Wbui It fel in my lemsmbroaiioa. 

That him btUdde swicli mischuuiaB. 
The Welle. 

But nt the Iwte thui thooghte I, 

Tliat Bivlhclia. fnl eikerlj, 

I mi^td onto Tux Willi go. 

Wheraf tlmldd I Ktanheo » ? 

rnto ths wella than wentc I me. 

And donn I touted fur to see 

TI1D alere wsler in the stoon, 1J51 

' :i'l eek tha l^rBTol. which that shooii 

inn in tha botme, as silver fya ; 
' r uf tha -Welle, thiiis the fyn, 
i :, wmld la DOQin so clear or bewe. 

Tbs wBier i* erer t>e«h and newo is6i 

Tlial welmath up In mtwus Urighta 

The numntaaea of twn flu^r hights. 

Ahimtvii ib is gna Eprin^D^* 
F< >r moiste » Ihikke nnd wel Ifking, 
I ■irii it na may in winter dye, i;6; 

cubre lliui may the lee bo diye. 
L^iiwn »L the botme eet uw I 
-' <■ fviflt«l stones orailely 
:. ifailkn rrenha uul Auro welle. 
'.II'. ci tiling Boothiy dor I telle, 1571 

' 't^t ye will htrlde & greet marvayle 
> .'iiaa It U told, withtntten fayle. 
I ..r whan the Sonne, clear in eighle. 
' ^t in that Welle bia betOM brighle, 
'. i..t that the heetdMcended la, 157: 

' : inu tekfth tha eiiiUil itoon, y-wia, 
' ^-igm the aoona an hondnd hcwos, 
' low«, yelowe, and rede, that A'cuh ildi 

:: Lolli (he meneildUB criital 1571 

^ inrJi (tniRgthe, that the place oveml, 
B<4h* fuwl and tree, and lavea prBsie, 
And al til* y«rd Id it ie aene. 
il for to doon jmn andeTxtonde, 


■ Aiutaltli 
I Aadforti 

■ TaBwka 

Right «a a miroor openly 
Shewolh h1 thing that Mant therhy, 
As wd the coloor aa the figure, 

Withouten any oorertnre : 
Bight Bo the criatal atoon, ahyning, 
Withonten any diaceyving, 1 

The t^ttea of the yerda accoaelh 
Ta him that in the water mnaoth ; 
For ever, in which half that +ho be, 
^ Ho may vel half tha ganlin Bee ; 
And if ho tnme, be may right wol 1 
Seen the remenannt eveiydeL 
Fur ther ia noon so litel thing 
So hid, ne clueed with shilling, 
That it ne ia lene, aa thongli it wer« 
Feynted ia the crjatal there, 1 

Thia ia the miroor perilona. 
In which tha pronde Nanuaoa 
Saw al hia taoe fair and bright, 
That made him aith to lye npright. 
For whfrfo loke in that mirour, 1 

Ther may no-thing ben his xioonr 
That he na ahal ther aeen soin thiuK 
That ahal him lede into flming. 
Fol many a worthy man hath it 
Y-blent ; for folk of gretteit wit t 

Ben sone canght here and awayted ; 
Withonten reapyt bean they bayted. 
H»r eomth to fulk oC-nawe rage. 
Hoot ehaiingeth many wight eotage ; 
Eeer lyth no reed no wit thorta ; 1 
For Veuns aone, daon Cnpido, 
Hath sowen there of love the seed. 
That help ne lyth ther noon, oe read, 
So cereleth it the wella abonto. 
Eia ginnea hath ho aet withmile 
Bight for to cocche in his panterea 
These damoyeela and bathelerea. 
LoTB will noon other bridde racchp 
Though he set(e either net or laouho. 
And fur the aeed that heer waa sow 
Thia walle ia eloped, M wel ia kaow 
The Welle of Love, of verray right, 
or which thor halh ftil many a wight 
Spoke in bukea dyvciaely. 
But they ahnllo never ao verily 
Doaoripcioun of liie welle here. 
No eek the aotba of thia matere, 
Aa ye shnlle, whan I bavci nndo 
^a eraft that hir bilongeth (u^ 

Alway me lyked for to dwolla, 


To seen tlm frlstnl in tho walls, 
That uliewecl mo fal openly 
A th^ainn.i thingai fiulo l.y. 

Stood I to Idken or to poors ; iSl 

Fiw Bithen {hnie] I »ra tgykBil, 
That Diiroar balb me now entn-kad. 
But hadilo I fint knowen in my wit 
The vertae and [thej titrenKths of it, 
I nolda not b&vu mnied there ; id.^ 

He bniida bet ben ellea-where ; 
For in the (nare I fel anoon, 
Tbat bath -f bitmisshed many oon. 
The Ro«er. 
Id thiUte mironr saw I tho, 
Among a thoasiuiil thiiii;oi ni'>, i6< 

A BoiEu ohu-ged fnl ofrosos. 
Tbat «-ilh an hoeee aboato anolos ii, 
Tho tad I Bwioh loit and envys, 
Thnt, for Paijs ne for Pavye, 


'0 Uft ti: 

Ther grcttest hepe of njaea lie. 
Whan t WHS with this rag« lient, 
That oaaght hath many a man and ahant, 
TowottI the roser f^an I ^. 

1 1 was not fcr theriro, 1660 

And l(i8t it proved or ror-thini^hte 
Tbo lord tbat tbilke gardyn wrought 0. 
Of rosea were thor gnt woon, 
So 6oro +W6IB norer in rooo. 
Of knnppos clos, samo (aw I IJiorc, 11175 
And »omo wel betor woien wore ; 
And aome ther been of other moyaonn. 
That drowo nigh to hir leMnm, 
And Epedde bcm fa«te for to iprede ; 
I lovB wol swiche meea rede ; i6Sn 

For broda rosea, and open al«o, 
Ban poned in ■ day or two ; 
Bat knopps) wilan Avsahe be 
Two dayes atte leert, or throe. 
The knoppes gretly lyked me, iMj 

Cor fairer may tbac no man see. 
Who-so mighte bavcfn} oon of aUe. 
It DOghte him been tU leaf witballe. 
lligbte I [a] goTlond of Jiuio geton. 
For no liobcBse I woldo it leton. 16^ 
The Knoppe. 
Among Tni moppk* I chees oon 
&o fair, that of the remenatint noon 
Ne preyso I balf so wel us it, 

Hmd oliDsen bo 

The tbolaun, m&ro nuto iny pay 

Than »ny other that t gay, 

He took ma amwe ftil tliarply what, 

And ia his bova wbiLU it wu sfit, 

H« strei^t np to hia ere dronglj 1715 

Tha ctiDngs bows, that waa so tongli, 

TbM tliroiigh xnyn eye imto ittyn herta 
The tskel amoot, and depe it wenta, 
AvA UiCT-with'oI aach cold ma beuta, 
IHM. nnder clolhea wanna and BoRe, 1731 
-tSith that day 1 Iiave clievered ofla. 

Whfto I vaa ban thoi in (tbat] Btoaucle, 
I f«l doun plat onto the ^Tonnde. 
Hrc berte l&iled and fsynted ay, 1735 
And lung tyma [ther] B'swone I lay. 

And hadile wit, and my feling, 
I wai al Duwt, aai wenda Ail wel 
Of bltud hava lorcn ufalgret deL 1740 
Bat eotei, tha orowa that in ma stood 
Of ma na draw no drepe of blood, 
yor-wby I fonnd my wonnde al dr«y«. 
Thaa touk I with myn hondis twaye 
Iboarrrwo.nndfiilbut out it plight, 1745 
'. .il la the pDUiag soro I sight. 
--, III the but the abaft otlnw 
' Inm^i out, with the folhera tlirm. 
Ml }vt the boked heed, y-wla, 
. I.I! whicba BeHntee cnliid is, 175a 

-•". to dope in myn bute poMe, 
I ' lit t it iiUgbt« Dooglit arKco ; 
1' in myn bettaitillo it atnod, 
1 Iilalde I not « drupe uf btuod. 
I ■af both* anf^JMiHis and troubla 17:5 
ji Lha peril that 1 caw dooUe ; 

■ iit my wonudia flo ; 

. Ip of bopo ne bote. 1760 

And for to shete gui bim drcno ; 

Tlio arawii name wna Simjilecw. 

And whan that Love gna nygho mn 

Ho drow It ap, withontan were, 

And shct at me with ol his migbl, 

So tbat thia arowe anoQ-Tighl 

Thour^hont [myn]eigh, aa it waa f.n 

Into myn herte hath ouiad a wonnd 

ThftOne I anoon dide al my onflo 

For to drawen oat the ahaftfl, 

And thef-with-al I lighed eft. 

But In myn herte the heed wu left, 

Which sy enoreiid my deayra. 

Unto the botoim drnwe nere ; 

And ever, mo that nte woa wo, 

The more deayr hadde T to go 

Unto the rowr, when that giew 

ThefVoaahebotonn ■ohrightofhawe. 171)0 

Betir me were have teten bo ; 

Bat it bihoved nodee mo 

To don right aa myn borto had. 

For ever the body mnat bo but 

Ailir tha herte ; in wele and wo, 

Of force togidro they moat go. 


le gnn li> ebete iSoty 




The whish w 



Inte myn hi 

A'flwone I ftil, botbe di3ed and polt 

Loan lyme I lay, and stired no' 

Til I abrold oat of my tboDgbt. 

And fnite than I aiysed ma 

To diBwe[n) oat the shafVo of tree j 

Bat ever the heo.1 waa left bililnda 

For ought I contha pnlle or winde, 

80 sore it Itikid whan I waa bit, 

Tlmt by no craft I might it flit ; 

Bat angainoos and fnl of thought, 

t -tfolle luch wo, my wonnJeay wrongl 

That gomoned me lUway to go iH 

Townrd tha ruse, that pleased mo do ; 

But 1 fio dorste in no manere, 

BioLuse the archer waa so nore. 

Pi,r uvaimore gbuUy, as I rsde, ' 

Brent child of fyr hath mnoUedrada. (I 

And, oertia yit, for al my pe}^e, 


Tbongb timt I Bigb yit an*is rvyae. 
And groanda qoorela aharpo nf aides 
[D payne that I might felo, 

alight I 

ay-Hilf V 


Tha fairs raser to btholde ; 
For Lnia me rnf aich hudsn 
For to fuUUo Ilia ct 
Tpoa my foot I roca np thnn 
Peble, u A furmnuidiil man ; 
And forth to gun [my] imi;ht I satte, 
And for tha orchor noldo I tette. 
Tmmrd tho roaer fast I drow ; 
Bat thoTDH BhATpo mo thou ;-Dow 
Ther ware, auit alao tbiateli thikke, 
And brerea, brimma for to prikke, 
That I He mighle goto giaoa 
Tho Towo thomaa for io poiae, 
To Bene tha rosea fVarahe of hewe, 
I moat abide, thongh it mo rowe. 
The begge aboota ao Uiikke was, 
That aloiid the roaea in oompai. 

Bat o thicg lykad tne right wele ; 
I yna to nygh, I Inighte fela 
Of the botoua tho swoto od"iir, 
And hUo SCO tho frouho tolonr ; 
And that right gcotly lyked mo, 

I ronght of dolho no of 13^, 

Whither that love woMo me dryf. 

If mo tk martir «olda ha mako, ifl;^ 

1 might Ilia power nought fonakCL 

And why! for anger thoa I wook, 

Tho Ood of Love an arove bwk ; 

Pu] eLharp it waa and [ful] pngnAont, 

And it wBi oallid Fair-SembUnnt, iSSo 

Tho which in no wys wol coiMaoto, 

That on; loror him rapante 

To Borve hia love with harto and alls, 

Bot thoogh ttia arwa was keno gnonde 
Aa any rasoor that ia fuondo, 1BK6 

To catte and kerve. at the poynt. 
The Ood of Lara it boddo anoynt 
With a preciona oynament. 
Somdel to yare Bleggament iS^ 

Upon the woTtndea that he had 
Throngh tlie body in my herte maad. 
To helpe hir aorea, and to oars, 
And that they may the bat andaie. 
Bnt yit this arwa, witboule mora, iRH 
lUnde in myn herte a large aore, 
That in fol gret peyne I abood. 

y tha oynemsnt wonts abrood ; 

ZU (BottAuttf of tit (Beet. 

ning villi ofnemeut ; 

•, uid -tprikkod Uiere, ■< 
.d BOger tapiler irere. 
d of Love deliirarly 
pand to m* hutU^, 
ide to ma, in gnt Tspe, 
Jim, ttnthaanayiuiitmMpa'.tt 
I d«feiioe m¥ule tho« hero ; 
ra I Todo mak no danugBcB. 
volt jelils tbee liaatUy, 
ti»lt [tbo) ralber hiivB QiBrcy. 
fiiul in nkoraeue. ii 

bwbur tlion DiBit nwlii bowe ; 
I mgvya li nought thy prowe. 
Mm, taa hiiva y-do, 19, 

^Uut it be 10. 
t ttiM hen tlebonairly.' 
vid tal bombly, 
' ; at jour Indding, 1^ 

Id* in allfi tiling, 
rym I vol ma taks ; 
mde that I efauJde 

tr that be ahnlde pi 

out of ymu- b< 

UM I raida ma, 

ihwte. that mmtyma ya 

Mtr, tbia la tba ende, 19 
I'fcaltba I noot uy dare, 
hfca Bu tojptnir core. 

rbaltb* bov abnld I bave, 

<k«H«, bat ye me cave J 
wl ^lonta moot be funnda 

1^ teken llnM kii wottuda. 

Im of ma to maka iij 

Mr. I wcl it tkkt. 
I vU, Itall; at ktm. 


For to fblelle your lyking 11,73 

And ropeiite I'or no-tlitnBi 

Hoiiing lo iiavo yit in aom tydo 

Mercy, of that [IhM] I abydo.' 

And with that covonaont ycld I roo, 

Anoon doon knoIiiiK upon my knee, iijSa 

ProferinB for to kim lu« fact ; 

Bat for no-thing ho wolde me bte. 

And seide, * 1 love thee botiia and preyao. 

Son that thyn uiEWer doth mo eie, 

For thoa anBwerid so curteiily. irit<5 

That thon art gentU, by Iby apeche. 

For thoTtgh a man far volde leche. 

Ha ahnlde not finden, io ceiteyn, 

No sich anawer of no Tflayii ; loyo 

For Aich a word no nughte nonght 

Iifro oat of a vitajnA thongbt^ 

Thou Shalt not \atea of thy apechis. 

For {to] thy helping wol 1 eohe. 

And eek encreeon that I nuiy, 1^1,5 

Bot fim I wol that tbon obay 

Folly, fur thyn (tnttiiitaee, 

Anon to do me here homaga. 

And sithsfn) kiue thou shutt my moiilli. 

Which to DO vilayn wm never touUi juuo 

For to aprooho it, ne for to l^nche ; 

For caol' '\to cherlia I ns vonoba 

That they ahalle never neigh it nar» 

For cnrlaya, and of (air mauore, 

WdI taught, and fill of gentilneaae nvg 

Ha muite bcm, that ihal ma kisaa. 

And also of fnl high ftaoneliyae, 

That abal atteyna to that empryia. 

' And flrat of o thing mune I tiiM, 
Tliat peyna and gret adveraitee wiu 

H^ mot endnre, and eak tratnula, 
That abal ma aarra. withonta faile. 
tar-ageyns, thee to oomforte. 



Thon ma^t ful glad and joyful bs Milg 
So gnnd a maistor to liava aa me. 
And lord of ao high renoun. 
I here of Love tbe (cnnfanoDn, 
Of Cnrte^ye the liajure ; 
For 1 am of the silf nuuiare, maa 

itil, onrtcyi, meek and tt^e 1 

That who [to) ever u 


a bonouro, doul*, auj m 
nd aJwi that ha him nliearve 
» traapa* and {to vihinye, 

^0e (£totMunf of i^ (^LeM. 

And liim govflmo in cnrteBye 

With nil Bud with enteDcinan i 

For whAn he first id my priaoun 

J» canght, thnn mnate he attirly, 

Fro lliennos-forth fnl biaily, apji 

ObbU him gtrntil for tfl be, 

If ho deeyro hBlpa of mo.' 

A noon withoal«n more delay > 
Withoaten dannger or afiray, 
I bicom his man anooD, JOj; 

And gave him thank«s many a oon. 
And knelod doon with hondie joynt, 
And made it in my iwrt fnl -|-qnoynt ; 
The Joye nenta to myn herts rots. 
Whan I had hiued liis month so rmie, 
I bod aich mirthe and aif^h ijklogi 2041 
It curod me of langniaahiDg 
Ho aakid of me than hostage! i— 
'I have,' he seide, ' ftan fale homasM 
Of ooD and other, where I have 
+DiBceyved oflo, withoaten wsni 
These fclomu, folia of ftUeiteo, 
Have many eythea bigyled me, 
And throngh falaheda hir lost acheved, 
Wherof I reponte and am asreved. sci 
And T hom gele in my danngere. 


U trasor 1 loSj 


Ye havo theron set eich josUsa, 
That it is weneyd in many wise. 
And if ye donte itnolde obeys. 
Ye may thorof do moke a koyo. 
And holde it wjib yon for ostage.' 
' How certis, this is noon ontngi,' 
Qnoth Lflre, ' and folly I accord ; 
For of the body he is fol 
That hath the herto " " 
Oatrage it were to uslicai moi 

Than of hiBamnener he dronglt 
A litel keye, r«tys y-noagh, 
Which waa of gold polisahed clerf , 
And Boide to me, ' With thia kpye here 
Thyn bcrta to me now wol I shetle ; 109 
For al my jowellis Inke and knotty 
I binds nndor this lit«l keye, 
That no wight may carye aweye ; 
This keye is fnl of grot poeste.' »;{ 

With which nnoon he touohid ma 
Undir the syde fnl softely, 
That he myn herta fiodeynly 
Without [al] anoy had spered, 
That yit right nought it bath me dered. 
Whan ho had doon bis wil al-ont, no. 
And I had put him oat of dont. 


Ziit (EtOlttAttlU of iii (Eto«^ 


they bo olde or grene ; 
lit be holpeiif at woxdis fewe. 
oynly tboQ shalt wel ihowe ^130 
mt thon servest with good wille, 
mpliahen and Ailfille 
randementu, day and night, 
I to loren yeve of right.' 
ire, for goddis lore/ laid I, 3135 
aae hens, ententifly 
tnanndementig to me ye ny, 
lal kepe hem, if I may ; 
1 to kepen ia al my thought. 

be I wot them nought, 2140 
ly I [linne] nnwitingly. 

■e I pray yon enterely, 

myn herte, me to lere, 

regpawo in no manere.' 

td of love than chargid me ^145 

\M ye shal here and see, 

' word, l^ right empiyse, 

) Romance shal deryse. 

aiater lesith hiA tyme to lere, 

le diaciple wol not here. 3150 

veyn on him to ewinke, 

hie leming wol not thinke. 

Lost lore, let him entende, 

the Bomance fginneth amende. 

ood to here, in fay, 3155 

> that can it say, 

ate it aa the reeonn ia 

other-gate, y-wiB, 

onght wel in alle thing 

;ht to good nndirstonding ; 2160 

ler that poyntith illo 

entence may ofle spille. 

L ia good at the ending, 

newe and lusty thing ; 

«o wol the ending here, 2165 

te of lore he shal now lere, 

e wol so long al^e, 

1 Bomance may onhyde, 
o the signifiannce 

reme into Romannce. 2170 

fastnesee, that now is hid, 
coverture shal be kid, 
andon have this dreming, 
10 word is of lesing. 
f, at the biginning, 2175 

•yd Love, * over alle thing, 
», if thou wolt [not] be 
treipaaae ageynes me. 

I curse and blame generally 

Alle hoDQ that loven vilany ; 3180 

For vilany makith vilayn, 

And by his dedis a cherle is seyn. 

Thise vilayna am without pitee, 

Frendshipe, love, and al bounte. 

I nil reoeyve fto my servyse 3185 

Hem that ben vilayna of empxyse. 

* But undirstonde in ihyn entent, 
That this is not m3^ entendement, 
To depe no wight in no ages 
Only gentil for his linages. 3190 

But who-0o [that] is vertuous, 
And in his port nought outrageous, 
Whan sioh oon thou seest thee bifom, 
Though he be not gentil bom, 
Thou mayst wel seyn, this is fa soth, 2195 
That he is gentil, bicause he doth 
As longeth to a gentilman ; 
Of hem non other deme I can. 
For certeynly, withouten drede, 
A cherle is demed by his dede, aaoo 

Of hye or lowe, as ye may see. 
Or of what kinxede that he be. 
Ne say nought, for noon yvel willo, 
Thing that is to holden stille ; 
It is no worship to misseye. 220$ 

Thou mayst ensample take of Keye, 
That was somtyme, for misseying. 
Hated bothe of olde and ying ; 
As fev as Oaweyn, the worthy, 
Was preysed for his curtesy, 2210 

Keyo was hated, for he was fel. 
Of word dispitous and cruel. 
Wherfore be wyse and aqueyntable, 
Goodly of word, and reeonaUe 
Botho to lesse and eek to mar. 221$ 

And whan thou comest thcr men ar, 
Loko that thou have in custom ay 
First to salue hem, if thou may : 
And if it falle, that of hem som 
Salue thee first, be not dom, 2220 

Bat quyte him curteisly anoon 
Without abiding, er they goon. 

' For no-thing eek thy tunge applye 
To speke wordis of ribaudye. 
To vilayn speche in no degree 3225 

Lat never thy lippe unbounden be. 
For I nought holde him, in good feith, 
Curteys, that foule wordis seith. 
And aUe wimmen serve and preyse. 

Z-^i (Romaunf of t^t (S-wt. 

J miomytire 

DEspjse wimmcTi, thnt thou m^Bt herfl, 
Blamo him, uid biddehim holilo him Btille. 
And set thy might uid al th^ wiXJe 
Wimmen and Udies for to plo», »3S 
And to dn thing that may horn ese, 
That they over speke good of theo, 
For BO thou at&yst best pressed be. 

^ Lokfl fro prydo thoQ kepo thee wole ; 
For thon mayst botho perceyvo and folo. 
That prydo ia bothe foly and sinno ; ani 
And he thnt prydo bath, him -withinns, 
No may bia hert«, in no vyta, 
Makon cs sonplpo to servyso. 
For pryila ia fonnde, in every part, 1145 
Contmrio tmlfl Lotbs art. 
And he that loveth trewely 
Shiilde him coDteno jolily, 
Withonten ppydo in Bondry wyae, 
And him diagyaen in qntyntywi. 1150 

For qoeynt nrrey, withouton dredp, 
la Do-thiug proad, who takilh beile i 
Fur fraih amy, oa niDii may see, 
Withonten prydo may ofto he. 

' Hayntflne thy-«lf aflir thy 

1 thoo bo, u3i 

Thy imilea blak if thou mayst Bee, 
~ " ■ " y deliverly. 

And kembe thyn head right jolily. 
+Fttrd not thy visage in no wyse, nSj 
rthat of lovo it Dot tb'vmivyH ; 
r love doth hatea. >£ I find*, 
A boaate that cometh not of kinde. 

1 heiie I rede thoa 
OUd and meiy for to be. iiya 

la joyiiil aa thoa can 1 
h no Joye of aorowful man. 
That yvel is fol of ouitesya 
Tlint tlsohwitb in hia maladyn ; 

f lovB tha liknesBa 1395 

with twete and bittemsMa. 

ke lover (ialjoyouK, 
le pleyne, now can he gnmB. 
Now CAn he un^en, now tnakan mono. 
To-dny he pleynetb for havineaaa. i]» 
To-morowB ha +pIeyoth for jolyiio»»o, 
Tho lyf of love is ful contnrits 
Which itonndemelo can ofte vari^ 
Bat if tbon catust [aom J mirthia make, *3i5 
That men in gree -wolo gladly take, 
mannde thwi 

V^i (BvMwM of Hi (ftoei. 


lore large and £ree 
that been not of loving, 
of can any thing, 
f ay fortoyeve, 2335 

I who BO wolde leve ; 
hrongh a aodeyn sight, 
ig, anon-right 
lerte in wille and thought, 
If kepith right nought, 2340 
rift, ifl good resoun, 
Md in abandonn. 
shortly here reheroe, 
I have seid in verse, 
se hy and hy, 2345 

e compendioosly, 
I bet mayst on hem thinhe, 
I be thou wake or winke ; 
wordis litel grere 
by whanne it is breve. 2350 
th Love wol goon or ryde 
rteys, and void of pryde, 
e of jolite, 

ae thee, here in i>enaiuice, 
.honto repentaonce, 3356 
Jionght in thy loving, 
»nte repenting ; 
pon thy mirthis swete, 
we aftir whan ye mete. 2360 
on trewe to love shalt be, 
k] oomaonde thee, 
icB thou sette, al hool, 
ithonten halfen dool, 
fin sikemeese ; S365 

lever doublenesse. 
lerte that wol de^Murt, 
have bnt litel part, 
■ede I me right nought, 
ice sottith his thought. 3370 
> place it sette, 
"er thennes flette. 
vest it in lening, 
a wrecchid thing : 
it hool and qnyte, 2375 

It have the more merite. 
han aitir soon, 
jid the thank is doon ; 
ree yeven thing 
ret gnerdoning. 2380 

i al quit fully, 
r jifi debonairly ; 

For men that yifb [wol] holde more dere 

That jreven is with gladsome chare. 

That yift nought to preisen is 2385 

That man yeveth, mangre his. 

Whan thon hast yeven thyn herte, as I 

Have seid thee here [al] openly. 

Than aventures shuUe thee fidle. 

Which harde and hevy been withalle. 2390 

For ofte whan thou Uthenkist thee 

Of thy loving, wher^o thon be, 

Fro folk thon must depart in hy. 

That noon i>eroeyve thy malady. 

But hyde thyn harm thon must alone,2395 

And go forth sole, and make thy mone. 

Thon shalt no whyl be in 00 stat, 

But whylom cold and whylom hat ; 

Now reed as rose, now yelowe and fade. 

Such sorowe, I trowe, tiiou never hade ; 

Cotidien, ne [yit] qnarteyne, 3401 

It is nat so All of peyne. 

For ofte tymes it shal fUle 

In love, among thy peynes alle. 

That thou thy-self, al hoolly, 9405 

Foiyeten shalt so utterly. 

That many tymes thou shalt be 

Stille as an image of tree, 

Dom as a stoon, without storing 

Of foot or bond, without speking ; 2410 

Than, sone after al thy peyne. 

To memorie shalt thou come ageyn, 

A[s] man abasshed wondre sore. 

And after sighen more and more. 

For wit thou wel, withouten wene, 2415 

In swich astat ftd oft have been 

That have the yvel of love assayd, 

Wher-through thou art so dismayd. 

' After, a thought shal take thee so. 
That thy love is to fer thee fro : 2420 
Thou shalt say, ** Gk>d, what may this be, 
That I ne may my lady see ? 
Myne herte aloon is to her go, 
And I abjrde al sole in wo. 
Departed fro myn owne thought, 9435 
And with myne eyen see right nought. 
AIas, myn ej^n fsende I ne may. 
My carefU herte to convay ! 
Myn hertes gyde but they be, 
I praise no-thing what ever they see. 2430 
Shul they abyde thanne? nay ; 
But goon fvisyte without delay 
That myn herte desyreth sow 

ZU Ijtenuiwitt of ffle [JloBe. 


For cortBjTily, but-if they i^, 

A foo! my-sfllf I Itlily we! hnliio, m 

Whan I ne see wlmt mjn hortfl woMe, 

WhorTora I wol goa her to aeeu, 

Or osod ahol I never beea, 

Bat I Kavo flom tokoniug-" 

Than goat tltou furth without dwallinB ; 

Bat ofte thou fftylest of thy dMjro, a+4 

Kt thou marst come hir ajiy nsra. 

And wastest in vayn thy paseseo. 

Thim fallcBt thon in a news rage ; 

Fur wante of sight than giiuian mome, 

And bomword pcnfiif dost rotome. 2441 

In grset mischeerthtui sbaJt (hou be, 

For than ngsyn ahftl come to iboe 

Kighas and pleyntea, with news wo, 

Tliat Do icchicg prikkctb so. 1451 

Of hem that byen loTo so deni. 

^ No-thing thyn berte appeeen may, 
That oft thon volt goon and asBoyi 
If thon nmygt Bt^an, liy avBntnra, >ii 

Thy lyTBS joy, thyn LBrtia euro ; 
So that, by grace if tliou might 
Alteyno ofhir to have n siglib, 
Than slialt thon doon non otbor dodo 

Tbonlto Bl-day on hir Mrbede, 

Whom thon bibolde with so good wiU« i 

And holds tbyoelf bigyUd ills, 14W 

That tboii ne hsddeat non bardement 

To obewe hir onght of tbyn entant 

Thyn herta ftil sore tboa wolt ditpyte, 

And eek repteva of rowardyso, J49" 

That thou, so dnlla in syety thing, 

Wato dwn foe drede, withont speking, 

Thon aholt eck thenka tbon dideat tjj. 

That thon wart hir lo fa9t« by. 

And dont not aontre thee to ms 14% 

Som-thing, or thon cam away ; 

For thou liaddirt no mora wocne. 

To spake of hir whan thou bigonne ■' 

But tyif she wolde, for thy nke. 

In armes gfxHlly tboa have take, >^ 

It ahnlda have In more viorth to thee 

Than of troeonr gnet plenlee. 

' Tbna Shalt thou momo and oak cob- 
And gata BQchaEioDn to Roon ageyn 
Unto thy walk, or to thy pkoa, «nj 

Where tbon hibeld hir fleshly face. 
And never, for faU guereiwionn, 
Thou woldcet findo ocoa*iionn 


P>* B.) tU C^omAunl «f tit l^oee. 



Han tluJt ful icanljr Bejn the two. 

Kow yede tbia mery thought away t 


IW>^ tIlOB hiihenko thoa never bo we!, 

Twenty tymea npon a <lny 

Vkm riisll forjel« rit aomdol, 3^6 

I voiiia thia Ihooght woldo come Kfceyn, 

fcwrUuBi itU, with trecherya 

for it oltaSBith wel my jwyn. 

rwblc lonn moWD nl folye 

It makith me ful of Jc^nl thoogLt, 

It aloeth me, thit it iBatith noBht. 


IfartHMdMlilafDhii-lklshiida; :>mo 

A, lord ! why nil ye me aoooar?, 

Vv th«r in Urt* cxuma thenke « Uijiig 

Tbe joye, 1 trowe, that I langotirer 

A«4 mrti uuitbu, in bir spcUnK. 

Tho doth I wolde me ahtddo alo 

Aad «)>w> tlix ■poehg i9 eadid al, 

Whyl I lye in hir annea two. 

U^ thai to tlioo U shol bibl ; 

Myn harm ta hard, withonten weoa, 

tt«iTiniriHi»n«nn8toiQinde. ms 

My greet nnese fnl trfto I menB. 

Uat wolda Lova do so 1 might 

IIbb tfaoa ahalt brenne In ^tdgI naityi ; 

HaVB (hUy joye of hir ao bright, 

r«r Ibaa aluU hnona as uiy fyr. 

Uy peyne were quit me richely, 

lUi ta lU MiTf ud eke tiie iLffcny, 

Alias, to greet e. thing iwko I r 


lot lb faMkU tliat IwtJtli ay. a^oi 

It ia bnt folj', and wrong waning. 

Mm bainjm anila may luvor uiks. 

To aske bo ontrageotie a tbing. 

■H-tf Itet aba tbf ftaa wil malig. 

Ajld Who-B ukith folilj.. 

• Aad whaa Ui* oicbt i« conion, anon 

Ho moot be warecd haatily ; 

An<l I no wot what I may Bay. 


Hi bMa M bri thou w»tt thee dlKht. 3555 


mm Hum Aalt have bill noal delyt ; 

For I wolde have fol gret lyking 

rb> whu tbmi noeit for to lUpa, 

And l^il gret joyo of la»e thing. 

S*tale/pv» xhali tlion crap^ 

Mst« i> thy bddi abontd fol wyde, 

Witbouten more, mn onis ke««n. 


(NltsnufiiI<AoonoTei7>yde; 9^ 

It ware to ma n greet guordonn, 

Releea of al my paaaionn. 

Bnt it ia hird lo oonio Iharto i 

r^rn* •mia abalt thou rprade ahrede. 

Al ii bnt foly that I do, 

So high I have myn berto aet. 


Where I may no oorofort gat. 

+1 noot wher I aey wol or nonght ; 

n«to nan oUinr may b* pen. 

Bat tbia I wol wel in my thought. 

lW*tU tl»»l wal. withonte were. 

That it were fbel of hir oloon, 

For to jtiote my wo (Jid moon. 


IM U»a ImM hlr. that i> ao bright, >;;<. 

A loke cm fnoe y-eaat goodly. 

tafe^ Ulwww thyn armea then, 

-tThan for to hate, al nttarly. 

Of snotber al boo] tho pley. 

1m A^ Mha CMtdi than in Spayne, 

A lloTd ! whor I aluil bj-du the day 

od 4i«a* af J«7«, al bat in vvTHi, 

Th&t erer she ahal my huly bo? 


He ii fol eared that may bir aeo. 

n^ Um » alMDnal in that thoaebt. 

A! god! whan ahal the dawning ainnxr 

la» I* M cMa atid d>UlaU<>, 

To Uy thus ii an angry thing ; 


■bt *hiiib, in aotli, nU Imt a fabK 

I have no joye thus hero to ly 



V 11 u aba] M> *hyla tato. 



1M ahalK thnt aighe iind fh^t*. >5So 

A man to lyoa hath grat diieae, 



a4 ar, - »*ra Kod. »hat thins ia thia ? 

Whii>h may not slepe ne reMe In OM 



Ir dMM la tBn»i al amfa. 

1 wolde it dawtd, and were now lay 

rhkk VM lU fovt. »>d Hipwimt. 

And that the night were w>nt away 

M B>v I nka, U ii at afaant 

For wan it day, I wolda niiryaOi 



t^ QClemaunf of f9t (fleM. 

A I alowe Kmne, ihew thyn DnpiTie ! 
t^pfled thoe to Bpreda thy bcmi* hriKht, 
And duos tha darknoMe of tho niglit, 
To patto away tho atoandot atronga, 
Which in loo laitan h1 to loDge." it^a 

'The night ahalt thoa conUiie v>, 
Withontfl re«t, in peyue and «o ; 
If ev«r thon kuewe of lovs di«tni«e, 
Tbon ihalt move lame in Uut likneae. 
And thna endnriniF ibalt than ly , 1645 
And ryia on morwa up erly 
Out of th; bedde, and haineyi tbeo 
Er ever ilawnini thoa mayM no. 
Al privily than shklt thoa goon, 
WhikC fwoder it be, tby-nlf aloon, 26sa 
For reyn, or ha^l, for mow, for sleto, 
Thiilor aha dwollith that i< BO iwet«, 
The irbich may falle ulepe be, 
And thenkitU bat litet upon thee. 
Than Bhalt thon goon, fill fouJe oford ; 3655 
Loka if tha gate be uuapcrd. 
And vrtut« without in wo and peyn, 
Ful yral o-colde in winde and reyn. 
Than ahol thon go the doro bifbie, 
If thon maiat fyndo any (core, 1660 

Or hole, or reft, what ovar it wore ; 
Tlian Bhalt thoa itflnpe, and lay to ere, 
If they within Oralopa be ; 
I mane, aUe nve thy Udy free. 
Whom waking if than maywt ajpyo, 16(15 
Go pat tby-ailf in jnpartya, 
To Bske grace, and thee bimena, 
That Bho may wito, withontec wane, 
That thon [a)night no rest heat had, 
So soro fur hir thoa wsra btstad. tija 

Wommon wel oaght pile to take 
Of ham that sorwen for hir sake. 
And loko, for lora of that relyke, 
That thoa tbenka non other lyka. 
For fwhom thon hast ao greet annoy, aCjs 
i-Shal ViBBe thee er thon go away. 
And hold that in ftil grot deyntoa. 
And, for that no man ahal thoc see 
Bifure tha bona, no in tha way, 
Lokc thon bo goon ogeyn er day. j68o 
Bncho coming, and mich going. 
Such hevinoaie, and ancli walking, 
Haklth loven, withonten wene, 
Under hir clotbei pole and lano. 
For Lore loveth ctdonr na cleemeue { i6Bs 
Who lo\-eth trewe hftth no fUnoM*. 

niou ihalt wal by thy-adA Me 
That than mnit nodii aanyed ba> 
For men that ihape hem other war 
Falily her lodiei to bitray, tSt> 

It ii no wonder though tbay be fU j 
With false othaa hir lovea they gat ; 
^>r oft I aee mohe loeengeoora 
Fatter than abbatii or prioorc 

■ Yet with thing 1 thee ohoiga, tSfg 
That it to eoye, that thoa be larte 
Unto the inayd that hir doth wrvt, 
Bo bort hir thank then ihalt deMrva, 
Yere hir yiiles, and get hir giaoa. 
For BO thon may [hir] thank piarciliaoa,i}i» 
That ihe thea worthy holde and free, 
Thy lady, and alle that may thea bbk 
Also hir ■erranntea ¥Kaahipe ay, 
And plaae aa mncbe aa thoa mv ; 
Q ret good throngh hemnuv'oametotkM, 
Bicaoae with hir they been prive. >I<it 
They ihal hir telle how tbay thea tknd 
Carteii and wya, and wel doand. 
And ahe ihol preyse [thee] wel tha fnuia 
Loke oat of londe thon be not fbia ; tjtn 
And if each cauae tboa have, t^ tliaa 
BihovDth tgon ont of oontree. 
Love hool tbyn faerte in faoalaKe, 
Til thoa ogeyn make thy paaaago. 
Thenk long to aee the awete thing 1715 
That hath tbyn harts in hir kepinf. 

' Now have I told thee, in what wya* 
A lorar ihal do ma aarvyaa. 
Do it than, if thoa wolt have 
Tha mode that (hoa aftir crava.' ipt 

Whan Love al thii bad bodan ma, 
I aeide him : — ' Eire, bow may it be 
That lovera may in anoh manera 
Endure the pegme ye have laid halat 
I morveyleme wonderfiul«, tpS 

How any man may live or laite 
In Buch peyna, and Bnoh brenning, 
In aorwa and thooght, and aooh rijjvt-g, 
Ay nnrolesed wo to make. 
Whether so it be they Blepe or waka. tjfl 
In 8Dch annoy oonttuaely, 
A* heipe me god, thii memile I, 
How man, bnt he were mawl of atala, 
Uight live a month, each peynea to Ala.' 

Tha Ood of Leva than aeide ma, i})f 
' Freend, by tha feith I owe to thea. 
May no man have good, bat he it by. 

t5« (Jtomaunl of (Je ^064. 

I tnnca ItrnJlrlj' 

It bo huh Innght most dsro. 

1 Wat, irlibimt«o WBrc, i^^u 
IhJDg is t>k«D mnrs, 
an kuth tnffntd (ora. 

I of loina {wjrne, 
•a Be may Mnonnt*, 374s 

I * tnau [miqrj «onnl« 

■I ot Ui* water lie. 

tl llugntoMO 

I, M Uw harmM tcUa 
«iUi tore dwaUe 17511 

irpciyna hem ileelh. 
m walile ficv the deetb, 

rr iliaM* nevor ncspe, 

p« cmithe hem makQ 

a |iTlKni& aet, 2755 

I pMa for (A et 

n Acd in oidme ; 
:aii bs lim, 
ii oarmfoit huh him rive, 
ts« thai be thai be i7«i 
[lii*] fuUa met. 
• bi Mrnra or diut, 
kil nulflTning. 97^5 

■, Lo hir voalBg, 

•on that Iber miarte, 
10 sille uid herte 177 
ho4y lo aat^n ; 

un Uwt nen de^TM, 
' irif* tic] ombIm victoria \ 
r* i« al tlie e'oHo, 177 

ta lond, aad wol tltifAt, 
Uukt Bia7 bMfdfl ; 

ijD]al mLaabtwf ; 
•Ip, wbsn mlater ii, 

Three otber thioKls, that icreet mbu 

' The flnlff I gcwd that mar bo fcmndo. 
To hem that in my tace be bonade, 
Ii Swetd-Thonghtt for to recoKia 
Thing wherwitb tbon caiut afworde 
B«ilt in thyn berte, wher she be ; iTtj 
fTluiiieht in abecnc^e is good to thee. 
Whan any luver doth oompleyne, 
And livoth in distressB nnd payne, 
Thau Svoic-ThtTDght shal come, u blyvo, 
A WOT Ilia angre for lo drjri 
It mftkith lovora have remambroimco 
Of comfort, and of fa Lgh pleuinnre, 
That Hope hath hight hiai for to wiiini 
For Thonght anoon than ibal Mginne. 





For to biholde he n-ol cot l^ttv. 
Hir peraon bo abal afore him aette, 
Hir laoebisg: eyan, penannt and clem, 
Hir ibape, bir fonrme. bir eoodly chere, 
Hir tnotttb that a to KracioBS, 1811 

\\ tAke bode, 

lo eweto. and »k K 
His eyen with alls bir 

• Thni 8i>el«-Thenking ahal ainn«ra 1S15 
The peyne of lovera, and fair raeo. 
Thy joye ihal donble, wllhonte e«ie. 
Whan thon tbenkiat on hir Bemlingaae, 
Or of hir lanehine, or of liir ohare. 
That V tliae mode thy laijy dero. 3B10 
Thie comfort wol I that tbon take ; 
And if the nort than wolt forsake 
Wbich is not leiaa •averoos, 
Thon shnldisb -f-bean to danngerotu. 

> The aeconnde ebal be 8weta.«peiihs, 
That hath to many oon ba Ische, 3S16 
To bringe hem ont of wo and were, 
And hatpe many a haohilora ; 
And many a lady aent aooonre, 
That haTa lored par-amonr, ^^ 

Tluongh apeking, wban tbay mightcn 

Of hir lovara, to hem oo dere. 
To -t-ham it voidlth al bir Bmorta, 
The which is eloaed in hir herte. 
In barto it makith hem glad and llglit, 
Speche, vban they mowa have ligfai. >fl|6 
And thorfore now It conetb to mlndo 
In oldo dawga, ai 1 Bade, 

tit (^OMAtmf «f tit (EtMtt. 

31i»t olerkia vrltan th»t hli kuaira, 

IliervukUdy frail of ham, iH 

Which of hir lova m»d< • ioiib. 

On him for to reratmbre amonc. 

In vhioh ihe Kiila, " Whui th«t I hare 

Spekan of him thkt ii *o den, 

To me it mldich al [my] unarU, i«4 

Y-wi«, he lit bo uers myn herte. 

To ipeke of him, M ere or mom, 

It oanth me otal mr nrwa, 

To me ii noon lo high plcBiuuie 

Ai of hii penone dKliAiuiaa." 1S5 

She wilt fdl wal thmt Svete-Spekiiig 

Comfortith in to! mnche tiling. 

Hii love ihe had fal wel tMayad, 

Ofhim ihe vm Ail wel apayed ) 

To apeke of him hir joy« viaa aet. *Bj 

nerfora I reda thea that thoa get 

A falowe that can val oonoele 

And kapa tb; connwl, and irol hale. 

To whom so Bhe«s hoolly th;n hnrte, 

Bothe wale and m>, joya and nnaita ; 186 

To gate comfort to him thon go, 

And privily, batween yow two, 

Ta ahml Bpaka of that goodly thing. 

That halh thyu herte in hir kaping ; 

Of hirbeaateandhiraemblaimoa, iM 

And of hir gaodly oonntanaonca. 

Of h1 thy atata thon ihalt him ley, 

And aake him ooonaeil how thou mi^ 

Do any tbin^ that may hir plaaa ; 

Far it to thea ihal do grat aaa, 187 

That he may wite thon tniit him lo, 

Botha of thy wele and of thy wo. 

And if hia herta to lova be aat, 

Hi* companys ia moohe the hot, 

For reaonn vol, ka ahewa to thaa i8j 

Al nttirly hia prlpiba i 

And what iha ii ha loveth ao. 

To thee pleyuly he abal nndo, 

WitboQte dreda of any ahame, 


Than ahal ha forther, farra and 

And namely to thy lady dero, 

In nker wyae ; ye, every other 

Shal helpen aa hia owns brother 

In tronthe wilhonte doi 

And kapen clooa in ai 

Fat it ia noble thing, In fh?. 

Dnblenaaie, aBSg 

To hi 

Thy priva ooonael amy del i 

For Uukt wol oomfoit thaa ri(ht wd, il 
And thon ihalt holda thaa wet apayad, 
Whan anob a freand thon hwt naaaj'ar 

' The thridde good of great oomfort 
That yaveth to lovan moat diapoit, 
Comithofughtandbiholding, ■ 

Tliat clapid ia Swata-Loklng, 
The wbiohe may noon aaa do. 
Whan thon art far thy lady fro ; 
WherfoTo thon pnaa alwey to be 
In plaoe, where thon mayat hir ae. b 
For it ii thing moat amerona, 
Hoat dalitable and lavenma, 
For to aawage a maniui aorowa. 
To aene hia lady by the morowe. 
For it ia a fU noble thinga p, 

Wban thyn eyen have mating 
With that relyke prsoiona, 
Wherof thay be ao deairona. 
Bat al day aftsr, aoth it ia, 
They have no diede to Aran amii, 1 
Thay dreden neither wind ne rayn, 
Ne [yit] non other manar payn. 
For whan tliyn ayen were thni Id hli^ 
Tit of hir oniteaya, y-irfa, 
Aloon they can not have hir Joya, • 
Bnt to the lierta they [it] convoye ; 
Part of hir blia to him fthey aende. 
Of al tbii harm to make an enda 
The eye ia a good meaaangere. 
Which can to the herte in anoh manei 
Tidyngia aende, that [hal hath aaen, ■; 
To Toide him of hia paynea olaan. 
Wharof the herte leioyaath ao 
Tliat a grat party of hia wo 
la voided, and pat aw^ to flight. • 
Bight aa the derknaaaa of th« night 
la ohaaed with olaieneaaa of the mona, 
Bight ao ia al hia wo All aone 
Davoidad olene, whan that the aight 
Biholdan may that baaahe wight q 
That the herte deayreth ao, 
That al hia derknaaaa ia ago ; 
For than the herto ia al at eve. 
Whan they nen that [that] may ham ph 

> Now have I fthee dadlared al-ont, ■ 
Of that thon were In dcede and dont ; 
rta I have told thea feithfhlly 
What thaa may oiii«n utterly. 
And alle lovaa that vrole be 
Feithlhl,Midftaof(t«bilIta. «■ 

■^ "it nukka Mk abjnla, 
ig and Svrste-S^icche ; 

M thty (likl be lecba. 

■ tlion ahalt Iisra ereet pletB.Biice 
MBSt byda in mfianuuiee, iw< 
ea vel witlioat fe^DtyBe, 

alt be quit of Uiyn ompryBe. 
ore KiiBi^'>i">< if ttuit llimi live; 
hia tyma thia I thee five.' 
'Od irf'Lme whou iJ tbe ittr 
gbt me, u ]P« have bsrd uf . 
oarmed compeudioiuly, 
■had K«e7 al •odeynlj'i 
lone lefte, al •olo. 
f oomplsj^t kud of dole, 

Hm ma giered vandiily ; 
^Kmi no-thing I knew, 
^■tatin bright oT bnw, 
I^H let hoally my thoug 

■ conifort knew I Bonght. 
'ere throogb the God of Love J 
oat ollM to my Uhove 

ght me ew or comfort got«, 3965 
e wolde him entannete. 

ritb ea hegge wltboate, 
i-fom haTO herd . 



•ulde liiyn igjo 

(I the haye, if I might 
B by tnf eligbt 

Is bluntd t« be, 

Htlde of enteneiaaa 
lie the TOMB that the 
1 to entre I ynt in fere, 
t, ■■ I bithonght 

!b a gladda chem 
a, and of goad hight, 
le he bight. 

Yonr f wonant may [1 bu) right welo ; 

So thon thee kepc frn folye, 

Shal no man do thoe Tilanyo. 

If 1 may heipe yon in onght, r^Q 

I Bhal not fcyne, dredelh nonghc ; 

For I am boande to your lervyHt, 

FuUj devoido of feyntyBe.' 

Than nnto Bialiuioil t^de T, 

' I thank yon, air, tul bertcly, 300 

And yonr bJheeBt [IJ take nt grae, 

That ye Bo goodly profer me ; 

To yon It oomath of greet fraancLyBo, 

That ye mo profer yonr aervysa.' 

Than anir, tel deliverly, jgo 

ThroTtgb the hram anoon wante I, 

WheroCencombred waa the hay. 

I woa "wel pleaed, tba Both to lay. 

To *ee the botoim iair and Bwote, 

So frosdia ipconge ont of the role. joa 

And Bialaooil ma aerved wel. 
Whan I 90 nygh ma mighte fela 
Of the botonn the awets odonr, 
And Bo luaty beved of colour. 
Bnt than a cherl [fanle him bitydo I) jioi 
fiijyde the roaea gan him hyde. 
To kepe the rosea of that roeor. 
Of whom the name vaa Daonger. 
Thii ohcrl -waa hid there in the grerei, 
Covered with graBse and with levea, jo* 
To spyo and take whom that ha fund 
tinto that tocei pntta an bond. 
Ha wna not sole, for ther waa mo ; 
For with him were other two 
Of wikked manera, and yiel fame, gai. 
That oon waa elepid, by bis name, 
WihJtcd-Tonge, god yeve him sorwo I 
For DDither at era, ne nt morwe. 
He can of no man [no] good apeke , 
On many a joat man doth ha wnske. 3031 
Ther waa a wonunon eek, that hight 
Shame, that, who can reken right, 
Treapaa waa bir fadir name, 
Hir modor Beaonn ; and tbna waa Shami 
lOn lyve] bronght of these ilk two. 50,1 
And yet liad Trespas naver ado 
With Beaonn, ne never ley hir by, 
He waa so hidona and ngly, 
I mene, thia that TrespoB hight ; 
Bxit IteBoon conceyveth, of a eigbl, 304' 
Shame, of that I Bpok ntam. 
And whan that Shame waa Ihna bont. 

tii ($9mamt of ^ $«•(. 

Lairer me wan, t^t knjfM karm 

Shnlde of the roMT lady be, 

■jbedrAnldalaptBUimidla, g^ 

Than In any wyM it ihnUe fidla 

yntb aanary folk us&Ued trai, 

That ye wiatthed ihnlde been wltli BM,' 

Th«t ihe ne *We wliM to do. 

' Sv holdaly thy wills.' q«od ha, 

For Ventu hir uMillith so, 

'I nil be wroth, If that I may, yi» 

That niglit and d«y from hIr Ae Mai 

For noUEht that thon ihalt (0 nu i^.' 

Bnloiinisndnwcaovor-al. yijo 

Thanno aeida 1, ■ Sir, not yon di^l«i 

To Baaoiu thui prayatli Ouutitoe, 

To knowen of my greet nnaae. 

Whom Venni fflemed over the w«, 

In which only love hath me brongjit ; 

mut ihe hir donghUr wolde hir lene, 

To keps the ro«er fnA end groiie. 

Fro day today ha doth me dry«; jic« 

Il ftillr UKnted that it be, 

In me {yve wonndei dide ha mako, 

Tha tore of whiohe ihal new daka 

That Shame, bioaiue the U htmMt, 

Bat ye the botonn grannte me. 


Which iamoetpaaaaant of hewttea, 511a 

And th<u U> kope It ther were thxM, jo6o 

Uy lyf, my deth, and my martm. 

That noon BhDlde hud}- be ne bold 

And traunr that I moat daayia,' 

(Were he yong, or were he old) 

Ageyn hir irlUe avay to here 

Seyde,'Bir, ttmaynotfoUi 

Thatyedeaire,itmaynottiyaa. jiij 

IhBdi>eliped,h>dInotbeeD 30^5 

What? woldeyoahendomeintUawyMr 

Awffted with thuM three, and wen. 

A mochol fools than I were. 

7or BiaUooil, that «» to &Ir, 

If I loffHd yon awey to here 

Ths froeh botonn, ao feir of ai^t. 

Qoitte him to me ftJ corteWy, 

For It were neither ikile ne right jno 

And, me to pl«e, lad that I 5070 

Of tha nmr ye broke the rind. 

Shold drawe me to the botoun nere ; 

Or take ths n»a afom hia kind ; 

ProM In, to toDcba the roMie 

Te ar not oonrteyi to aika it. 

Which bar tho rose*, h' yaf me lero ; 


Thia i^TBnnt ne might bnt litel greve. 

And i^rowe til it amended be, jii] 

And for ha nw it lyked me, 3075 

And parfltly oome to beante. 

Eight nyRh the botonn pnllede be 

I nolde not that it pullad wer 

A iMf al (rrene, and yaf mo that. 

Fro tho roaer that it bar. 

The iriiioh ful nygh the botonn aat ; 

To me it il >o leef and dere.' 

I made [me] of that leef fix! queynt. 

With that Bterte out anoon Daongars, 

And whan I falte I was aqneynt joBo 

Ontoftbsplaoawherahewaahid. jiji 

With Bialaeoil, and ao prive, 

Hia malice in hii obere waa kid ; 

I »ende al at my willa had bo. 

Fnl greet he waa, and bhJc of hawa, 

Than wex I hardy for to tel 

Study and hidoni, who«o him knew* i 

To BialaooU how me bifel 

Like ahaip urchomia hie here waa tiamt, 

Of Love, that took and wonaded mo, 3085 

Hta ayea -f-redo aa the flre-glow ; ji^ 

And Mide : ' Sir, 10 mote t thee, 

Hia noM fronnced fol kirked atood. 

I may nojoya have In no wyro, 

Ha com oriand aa ha wars wood, 

Upon no >rde, bat it lyso ; 

For Mtba (if r Bhal not foyne) 

Then bringeatbiderao baldly M> 

In herta I have had ao gret peynfl, yx^ 

Him that ao nygh [ia] ths roaer ? 

So grat annoy, and noh afhay, 

That I ne wot what I ahal My i 

He thenklth to didiononr thae. 

I dnde TOOT wrath to dliMTTg, 

Thon art wal woitby to have mangiw 

Z$t (Bomaunt of tit ^oet. 

t» him <if the nxer wit ; jus 

•oTTBth a tfllcRm ii yvel quit, 
woldlat have doon greet bonntae, 

b« with Hhune wolde qnyte thoe. 

heniiM, felowo ! I rede tlioe go ! 

mMlh litel -t-I wdI tbee slo ; 315a 

lialacoil no knew thee nonglit, 

a thee to aerrB he wtle his thought ; 

hot! wolt shame him, if thou mifilit, 

i 9^9ya resonn and rights 
no mora in thee t.ttjt, .ii.-;5 

oomest BO slj^hly fbr l<«p)fs ; 

t pnTath wonder wal, 

lU^t and tnwoiut every del.' 

he flherl, he woa eo wode ^ ]fi6a 

A he threten and manac^, 
Ifafuq^ the haye he did me ahace, 
ktr of him I tmnbtid and qaoolt, 
>«rliA)y hia heed he shook ; 
nidc, if eft he mieht me take, sifif 
Ida not from hii hondia seapo, 
m BialaooU is fled and nmt«, 
( al Bote, diaooneoUte, 
left aloon in p^jme And thought : 
hame, (o detfa I was Dygh brought. 
thoo^i t on myn high fbly, ji^i 
that my body, utterly, 
reva to peyne and lo mortyre ; 
therto hiulde I no gret yre, 
t He dnnt the lu^yM paase ; 5175 
taaanou hope, there was no graoe. 
H aerer man wist* of peyne, 
le were htced m Loves cheyite ; 
f be lore, whnt anger is. }iBii 

luldith hii heest to mo right wele, 
a peyne he seide I shtilde fele. 
Iiarta may thecke, ne tonge Myne, 
vtar of my wo and peyne. 
At not witli die anger losle; 318; 
bwM In ]>oyn( «u fbr to br&ite, 
1 1 tboQi^t on the roae, that so 
Ihroo^ Dsonger east me fro. 
mg why! atood I in that sisie, 
lat ma aaogb au mud and mate 3190 
■.»_. .... I, i(,yj i|jij^f,,,„,]_ 

I olepe that lady, 

It deliverly 
■to me withont«n 

ight : ; 

Bnt she was neither , 

Xe high ne low, ne 6 

But bt«t, OS it were in a mene. 

Uir eyen two were deer and light 

As any eandel thiit bi 

And on hir heed she hodde a crnwn. 

Hir semede wbI an high peraomi ; 

For ronnda enviiomi, hir crownet 

Was fal of licha etonia fret. 

Hir goodly asreblAnnt, by davya, 3305 

I trowe were mand in panulys ; 

■fNature had never imeb a gnce, 

To forge a work of aach oompnoe. 

For certpjn, -that the letter lye, 

God Lim-eilf. tJint is so high, sun 

Uade hir aftir hia imaee. 

And yof hir sith aith avanniage. 

That she hath might and aeignoryo 

To kepo men fVom al folye ; 

Who-m wole trowe hir loro, V15 

No may offiindeu nevermore. 

And whyl 1 stood thua dark and pale, 
Refloun bigan to me hir tale ; 
She aeide : < At hi^yl. my >wete frend ! 
Poly and nhildhooid wol thee shend, 31111 
Which thee have pnt in greet affmy ; 
TboQ bast bonght dere the tyme nf Uny. 
That made thyn herte meiy to be. 
In yvel tyme thon wentlat to aeo 
The gardiii, wharof ydilnoaso 3115 

Bar the keye, and woa maistreaae 
Whan thon yedaat in the dannea 
With hir. and haddelst] aquayntannoo : 
Hir aqaeyntaunoe Is perilons. 
First enfle, and aftir(wardj noyons ; 3J.^o 
She haih [theej trosahed, withonte ween : 
The Gud of Love had thee not seen, 
No hadde Ydilnesse thee conveyed 
In the vergec where Mirihe him plcycil. 
If Fuly have aopprised thee, 3J15 

Do 90 that it reoavsred be ; 
Aod be wol war to take no more 
Connael, that greveth adir sore ; 
Heis wyslhat wolhimsilf DhBstya& 
And thchugb a young man in any wyae 

10 foly. 

lAt him not torye. bnt haatily 
lAt htm amende what so be mia. 
And evk I cormseile Ihoe, y-wis, 
Tlie aod of Loyo hooUy foryet. 
That hath thee in aii>h peyna aot, 

^6< (fEomauttf of i^t (Roet. 

It was ordeyned, Uiat ChutitM 

Shnldo of tlis roger Udy he, 

Wliich, orthobotonTumDroaiidlu, jn 

That Bhe na vitrtfl vliat to do. 

For Venns hlr osaailith bo. 

Thnt night and day from hir she sTal 

Botonns and roan ovni^l, yi 

Ti) Rasonn than pmyoth ChiuUtiM, 


■T tho I 

That she hir donghter urnldo hir lene, 

To heps thd roaor frosb and ertniii. 

AnooD Reanitn to Chiutitce jojs 

Is rall^ assoDtiKl that it bo, 

And i^TBnntid hir, nt hir reqnett, 

That Shame, bicamw sho ia honest, 

Bhal kepor of tho roser hl>. 

And thns to lippe it f hor -woro (hroa, jnfiu 

That noon riraldo hardy ha ns bold 

(Won> ho yang, or woro ho old) 

Agoj-n liir willo awny lo bora 

Botonns no rosea, that thor woro. 

T had wul apf^d, had I not been ytSs 

Awaytcd vith these three, and seen. 

For Bialacoa, that was ao 6or, 

So grarinns and dobonair, 

LevBT me wore, that knyvee kerve 

Hy body shnldo in p«cia smalle, )0S 

Than in any -wyse it ahnlde falls 

That ya Tratthod (thnlde baon with ma.* 

' Sey boldflly thy willo,' qnod he. 

Par nought that thon ahalt to me iv-' 

Thanne seida I, ' Sir, not yon displen 
To knowen of my BToet nnoso, 
In which only love hath mo Immglit ; 
For peynes greet, rliaoss and thought, 
Fro day to day he doth mo drye ; 
Snppoaoth not, air, that 1 lye. 
Id mo fyvo woondes dide be make, 
The sore of whicko abol never alaks 
Bat yc the botonn grannte ms, 
Which Is most paasaQnt of beantiM, 
Uy lyf, my dsai, and my martyiB, 
And trosonr that I mosi desyre.' 

Than Bialacoil, affrayed all, 
Seyde, ' Sir, it may not faU ; 






l&»IUoiin it jwl 
ft bftTedooB 





I nsoon and riffeL 

TO in thM A^F*- 

i w iI^kU J for 



I more 

rL he wta wo 

the hAy« h« did 

lim I ticKlad atii ^mc. ^ ' 

f his heed h« rt^jk 
f eft h« Biigfct &* tu* -T-V X« 

. fro«n hie brc-i-f r«;» 
iAcoil U fl*i AZit xur> 


f bndy. -f«r>. 

lOn h'?;« trt?% '«*M xi*. 
■r E*:: wir> "^ mtu* 
' IftTiNil iz. Iy*r%e •2««n 

re. wLar %zxv jl -^.ifc, "^i* i^'i 

• !:«■ f«id» T fcitja^ SfJ* ^« lar^vtr ** Tti-ii^ :.^«^ ■.-» 

i«yti'.i.k* r.*^^!^ »TIA *: "Uj* ^«;|p«- »-«» JC*-^ 

«^1 'A t£.4 niK. tur »-. '^JISMA. tUK c f w *«r. ^-.^ « 

tL* i.^t '^K-- lir 1.0; xir 

:<« K« vtti.'nnn aw* r*"^ Twc ur.t im» m t^-^ j^,^ 



m- & 



> « 

Loto fwhor thes list ; what rppr-hilh me, 

fin ;tUnn] fer fro my rosea ba f 

Tmst nit nn ma, for noon lUBny, 

In arty fymo ta pasas the haj.' ^450 

Thna hatli he (Erannted my proyora. 

Than wenta t forth, withonten were, 
Unto my Freend, luid toldo him nl, 
WTiich WM right joyful of my tula. 
HeHeide, *K"owgothwelthyn affaire, 3455 
lie shnl tfl thee be debonaire. 
Thnugh he nfom was dlapitoiu, 
He shal heeTnftir bo gracian*. 
If he were lonrhiii on torn ([ood veyne, 
He Bhnld yit rewpn nn thy peyne. 34^ 
SaSre, I rede, and no boost mnlio, 
Til thonntfood meamayst him take. 
By anffrannoo. and [hyj wordii aofte. 

Him that aforn hs haddo in droda, 3465 
In bookia sothly as I rede.' 
Thus hath my Fraend with (fTBt oom- 

Avannced me with high diapnrt, 
Which wolde me good ea mich an I. 
And thanna anoon fal aodeynly 547<> 

1 took my levs, and atroight I went 
UdIo the hay ; for gret tal 

'or to rafrayne, 
Thongh I wepe alwey, and +compIeyne, 

And wliila I was in this t^nrnsot. 
Were oome of graca, by god aent, ^ 
FraonchyEe, and with hir Pita 
Fnlfild the botonn of bonnt«e 
Thoy go Uy Daonger anon-right 
To forthor me with al hir might, 
And helpe in worda and in 'iad<>, 351 
For wel they aaogh that it was n«le. 
Finit, of hir graea, dame Fraunohyia 
Hath taken [word] of this empiyse : 
She aeide, ' Damiger, gret wrong ya di> 

It pynen him so onfrerly ; 



That he hath trespiuaed agoyn yon, 
Save that ho levetb ; wherfore ye ahnld 
The more in pherote of him holds, jji 
The force of lovo DUkklth him do thi< ; 
Who wolde him blame he dide amia' 
Ho leseth more than yo may do ; 
H is peyno ia hard, ye may aee, la < \c 
And Love in no wyie wolde oonaenta 
That -f-bo have power lo repente ; 
For tJinairh that qujk yo woldo him aloo 


t9e dtmiuiMtif of fit ^O0€. 


ItM and irikludxiflno. 
1 1 pmj you, lir DMiDfara, 
ijniaie no langiBr hen 3550 
si w«m afajB your man, 
joorw M erer h« om ; 
J9 worehm no num wo 
oajtif that langnlwhith lo^ 
olnomoretojroatregpaMO, 3555 
dm hodlly in your grace. 
M na mm but lyte ; 
of Love it was to iryte, 
xNir thxal ao gratlj ia, 
harm him, ye doon amis ; 3560 
ith had ftil hard penannoe, 
ye refta him th'aqneyntaonoe 
oil, his moste joye, 
la his pcynes might aepye. 
iibm am^ed aore, 55^ 

ya dotiULed him wel more ; 
blis hath ben All bare, 
looil was firo him fare. 
I to him do greet distresae, 
10 nede of more duresse. 5570 
rom him your ire, I redo ; 
lOt winnen in this dede. 
(ialaooil repeire ageyn, 
th pite npon his pesm ; 
Qchiae wol, and I, Pile, 3575 
cifhl to him ye be ; 
that she and I aooorde, 
Q him misericorde; 
pray, and eek moneste, 

> refnsen oar requeste ; 3580 
hard and fel of thoaght, 

la two wol do right nought.' 
>r ne might no more endure, 
I him onto mesnre. 
n no wjrse,' seith Danngere, 3585 
uit ye have asked here ; 
• greet nncnrtesye. 
lAve the oompanye 
>il, as ye devyse ; 
lctte[n] in no wyse.' 3590 

■coil than wente in by 
se, and seide fnl^corteisly .* — 
to longe be deignons 
lorer, and daxmgeroofl, 

> withdrawe your presence, 3595 
th do to him greto offenoe, 

f>t wolde upon him see ; 
a sorowftil man is he. 

Shape ye to paja him, and to plese, 
Of myloveifye wolhaTaeae. 3600 

Fulfil his wil, sith that ye knowa 
Daunger ia daunted and brought lowe 
Thurgh help of ma and of Fite ; 
You fthar no moore aftred hew' 

* I shal do right aa ye wil,' 3605 

Saith Bialaooil, *for it la skil, 
Sith Dannger wol that it so be.* 
Than Frannchise hath him sent to ma 

Bialaooil at the Kiginwlni^ 
Sained me in hia coming. 3610 

No straungenes waa in him s een , 
Ko more than he-ne had wrathed been. 
As fkire semUaunt than shewed he me. 
And goodly, aa afom did he ; 
And by the honde, withouten donte, 3615 
Within the haye, right al aboute 
He ladde me, with right good ohere, 
Al environ the vergere, 
That Daunger had me ohaaed firaw 
Now have I leve over-al to go ; 3620 

Now am I raised, at my devys. 
Fro helle unto paradys. 
Thus Bialaooil, of gcntilnesse. 
With alle his pejrne and besinesse, 
Hath shewed me, only of grace, 3625 

The estres of the swote place. 

I saw the rose, whan I was nigh. 
Was gretter wozen, and more high. 
Fresh, rody, and ftdr of howe, 
Of colour ever yliche nevro. 3630 

And whan I had it longe seen, 
I saugh that through the leves grene 
The rose spredde to spaniahing ; 
To sone it was a goodly thing. 
But it no was so spred on brode, 3635 
That men within might knowe the sedo ; 
For it covert waa and [en]clo8e 
Bothe with the leves and with the rose. 
The stalk was even and grene upright. 
It was theron a goodly sight ; 3640 

And wel the better, withouten wene, 
For the seed was not [y}-sene. 
Ful faire it spnulde, fgod it Uesso t 
For Buche another, aa I gesse, 
Afom no was, ne more vermaylo, ^64$ 
I was abawed for morveylo. 
For over, the fairer that it was. 
The more I am bounden in Loves laas. 

Longe I abood there, soth to saye. 

38 ZU QEtonuuni 

of 4t (£Im«. Chun 


Til Builwmil I enn tnpny-p. 


Whoa might !■ knova far and wyde, 

Whwi tUt I n» him in no wyu 

For ihe ii modir of Cnpyd^ 

To me w«nien his »onT»e. 

The Ood of Lon, blinde aa itoon. 

Tlut ho me wolOe grannte ■ thin?, 

That helpith lams many oou. 

Thi. lady brought in hlr right bond 


This Ii to nyne, Ihst of hia ffrmoa 


Of brennlDS lyr » btaaing brond ; 

He wolrio me revs leyKr uid ipace 

Whorof the flawme and hoto i^r 

Tn me tb&t wu » dMinnu 

Hath many a lady in d»iyr 

To hiivo K kiaing preeioua 


And in hir nrriw hir fhertea aat. 

TIat -twetfllj >msU*tl. in my now 


Thi. lady wag of good ont^lo. 

' For if it yon diiplescd nought, 

I voMo gladly, u I h&ve wmght. 

By hir atyro » bright and ihene, 

]I»™«c!o.thprof freely 

Of your yeft ; for certainly 

t:he was not of leligionn. 


I wol non bavo bnt by yrrar levc. 


t»u loth me wore j-on for to grevo.' 

Nor of Ihir J robe, nor of treaanr. 

Ha mij-do, ' Firncl, «o g«d mo apod 

Of broche, fnor of hir riche attoor ; 

OfChaitiio I hnvo sncbo ilredc. 

No ofhir girdilabonte biriyde. 

Thou (liuldeat not warned bo for me, 

For that I nil not long abyde. 


But 1 dur not, fm Chailito. 


AgajTi hir dm I not minln, 

She WM n»yed licholy. 

VuT Blwoy bi<l'Icth iho me ■» 

Tn yeve no lover love to kixrc ; 

F..r wlio tberto may winnon, y-wia. 

And to him gliortly, in a clanM, 


Ho of (ho rnirpl'" of tho pray 


Way live in Ij.^w to get torn d»v. 

fur Willi so kiiMiug mny attasnio. 

Unto thia lover, and deynona, 

Of lovcB pcyno hdili, BotJi to sayne, 

To graunto him no-tbing bat a kia ? 

Tbn Iwirto and most avensont. 

To wemo it him yo doon amia ; 


And cmpHt of tho ranuuannt' 


Bith wet yo wote, how that he 

Is Love* nrvaunt, aa ye may sea. 


I lin.1 ancli drcio to grove him ay. 

Worthy of love to have the blia. 

A man sbnldo nr>t to mnohe aasaye 

How ho i« Bomoly, biholde and laa, 


T.. rjinfo hia frond ont of moniro. 


How he is fair, how ho is fr^e, 

Ii'iirpnt hii lyf in avontaro ) 

How he is swoto and dobonair. 

For no man at tho flrgte itroko 

Of ago yoog, Insty, and fair. 

Xo may nat ftUo donn on oko ; 

Tlier is no lady so hautoyue, 

Nor of the roiiiLn» liavc llio w.on-. 

Til gmiios +iTP« «>■' *'■■' ""iiio 


Tluit I n..ldo holdo liir aagoodJy 

Be cmproMiJ, I you ensure. 

For to rfifuso him outorly. 

And drawon ont of tho proMnro. 

His brooth is also good and awete, 

Bnt 1, foipeynod wonder Btrongp, 

And oko his lippis rody, and mete 

tThonght that I alxwd right lunge 

Only to tploycQ, and to kisso. 


Aftir the kis, in pc>-iie and w.., 


Grsanto liim n kis, of gentilnease 1 


Hia tooth am aim whj-te and oleno i 

Til that, trowing on my diWresso, 

Thm tto "• '«"°' ^^^ goildcseo, 

If yo now woma him, tnuitith mo, 

VThloh ay werroyetli Chaatilo, 

To graunto tlint a kis have he i 


fw-u. of hii grace, to soconro mu, 


Tho lasse -t'° ^«lp« ^"^ ^^'i ye haita, 

^0^^w ^Hi^FlB^HV^Hv wB w^^w ^Xl^^999 


wa^rithhutoginBtn^ 3755 

DB^B uvte vitlioQto numy 


Bl or j(9« and Ukn. 
ioh A fkmr to Idan, 


It b« 00 anfnialiOQs, 


fe I iwmiinjKB BMu 377^ 

moBC ■oCUj to ■qm, 

y« ttoid modhe p^jn. 

maj ntver be lo itil, 

» litol winde it fnU 

ae and tame also, 3775 

irood, inirawisga 

aim the troaUa eone 

S and ohaange as the mone. 

ftreth Love, that aeldo in oon 

a anker ; for right anoon 3780 

7 in eee wene beat to live, 

with tempeat al fofidriye. 

ith Love, can telle of wo ; 

lemele joye mot overgo. 

irteth, and now he cnreth, 3785 

n 00 posmt Love endnzeth. 

t right me to prooede, 

ke gan medle and take hede, 

xom lelle angres I have had ; 

lie stronge wal was maad, 3790 

latell of brede and longthe, 

if Love wan with hii itrengthe. 

romance wil I eette, 

Kthing ne wil I lette, 

tjking to hir bo, 3705 

> flour of beanie ; 

ly beat my laboar qnyto, 

hir love dial endyte. 

Tonga, that the oovyne 

>ver can dov3me 3RU0 

I addith more eomdel, 

id>T^uiga leith never wel>, 


Umijiiigi— aHy«p*>«K 

Tn ha bath lean «bagn4(a]«bira jfios 

Of Blalaooa aad laa 9«4ta«. 

Ha mii^hto aai Ua tsBga wHhalonda 

Wona to lapocto than ha lbiid% 

Ha waa aa tal ofenzaad nga ; 

ItaafthimwalorhiaUDafla, j|ko 

Vor him an Iriah vpoauaan baR 

Hia tonga waa tyUA aharp, and aqinar, 

Ptrignawnt and ri|^t karving^ 

And wonder Ufttar in qiaking. 

Forn^iaalhaihainagaaaqqrii 3liiS 
Ha Bwoor, aflnming aikirly, 
Bitwana Bialaaoil and ma 
Waa yval aq[aajntaoBoa and privaa. 
Ha i^ak tharof lo fidilj, 

ThathaawaUd Jahnuor; 8B*o 

Whieh, al alkayad in his lysing, 
Whaa that ha hsorda [him] janilingi 
He ran anoon, as ha ware wood, 
To Bialaaoil thar that he stood I 
Which hadda levar in this oaaa 38^5 

Have been at Baynes or Amyas ; 
For foot-hoot, in his felonye 
To him thns seide Jelooay* i — * 
* Why hast thoa been so nedigent, 
To kepen, whan I was absent, 3830 

This verger hare left in thy ward ? 
To me thoa hadditt no raward. 
To trosto (to thy confasionn) 
Him thos, to whom sospecoioan 
I have rin^t greet, for it is nedo ; 3835 
It is wel shewed by the dede. 
Greet fimto in thee now have I foonde ; 
By god, anoon thoa shalt be boande, 
And fasto loken in a toar, 
Withoato reAiyt or soooar. 3840 

For Shame to long hath be thee Aro ; 
Over sone she was aga 
Whan thoa hast lost bothedre<le and fers, 
It semed wel she was not here. 
She was [not] bi^, in no wyse, 3845 

To kepe thee and [to] chastyse, 
And for to helpen Chastitee 
To kepe the roaer, as thinkith me. 
For than this boy-knave so boldely 
Ne sholde not have be hardy, 98150 

[No] in this f rar g e r had sndi game, 
Which now ma tometh to grct sluune.' 
Bialaooil nist ndiat to uy ; 

fnr fETB h«n " " " 



HLUgli bg haddo BO, 
This JeloDir?, Uke oi two, 
I <na sstancd, uid know no redo, 
Bat fledde awe; for verrey dredo. j86u 

Thim Shama Gwa forth fal limply 1 
Rho wpnde havo trespaood f\il grotly ; 
Humblo of hir port, and maJo it aimpte, 
Waring n vnj-lo in stede of wioiple, 
As Qooiiia doon in hir abbey, 3*55 

Bicauw Uir herto was in affray, 
Shfi e*n to sj>«Iie, within a throwe. 
To Jeloaayo, right wonder lowo. 
First of his grace she bisonght, 
And Beide : — 'Sire, oe levHtb nought jSyo 
WLkkid-Tnnge, that lala eepj-o, 
Wliieh ii la glad to feyno and lye. 
He halh you inaad, tbargh flstenug, 
On Bialncnil a fals leung. 
Hia faisQGSMi 1b not now anew, 3^75 

,0 long that bo him knew. 


it the 1 

Now wol I hool M 

To ket«, bathe floade and stiUe, 

Bialaooil to do your willij.' 

* ShaznOj Shame,' seydo Jelotuy, 
' To be bitrsMhed gret dred« have I. 
loohoiye hath clomba so hye. 
That almost blered is myn ye ; 
No wonder is, if that drede havo L 
Over^ regnith Lechery, 
WhoB might [yit] growith night and 
Botho in cloistre and in abbey 
Chastito is werreyed over-aL 
Therfbre I wol with sikar wal 
Close botho rose) and roier. 

Left hem tui<Josid wilfully ; 
Wherforc I am right inwardly 
Sorowfoi and rapento me. 
But now they ihal no lenger bo 
Uacloaid ; aad yit I drede soro, 
I abal repente fartheimore, 
For tho game goth al wois. 
Counsel I fmot [take] news, y-wia. 
T have to longe tristed (hoe, 


Zit tS^^m^ktd ^ m (flofe. 


L fiHrthenlM liis f^ MniUaimtb' 
with that word oam Drede avaimt, 
wmm absfldMd, and in gret fere, 
ha wiate Jelovuqre was there. 3960 
t far drede hi snoh aflBcay, 
ot a 'word dnrsto he Mj, 
akin^ stood fhl etille aloon, 
miija his wey was goon, 
tiaaae, that him not forsook ; 39^ 
Drede and she fhl sore qnook ; 
at at hMte Drede abrejde, 
his oosin Shame seyde t 
e,' ha seide, * in soth&stnesse, 
it is cret hevinesse, 3970 

le nojse so fer is go, 
le schiiindre of os two. 
h that it is [so] faifalle, 
ij it not ageyn [do] oalle, 
onis sprongen is a fame. 3975 

my a year withoaten Uame 
n been, and many a day ; 
my an April and many a May 
n [y>pas8ed, not [ajshamed, 
onsye hath ns bUuned 3980 

tmst and sospecioon 
ea, withoaten enchesonn. 
to Dannger hastily, 
te US shewo him openly, 
.e hath not aright [y}>wroQght, .^985 
that he sette nought his thought 
e better the imrpr3r8e ; 
doing he is not wyse. 
h to ns [y}-do gret wrong, 
ath snffired now so long 3990 

sil to have his wille, 
s Instes to Ailfillo. 
st amende it utterly, 
I shal he trilaynsly 
. be out of this londe ; 3995 

the werre may not withstonde 
msye, nor the greef, 
lalacoil is at mischeef.* 
taiunger, Shame and Drede anoon 
^hte wey ben [bothe a}-goon. 4000 
erl they fonnden hem afom 
g nndir an hawethom. 
his heed no pUowe was, 
the stede a tmsse of gras. 
nbred, and a napi)e he took, 40U5 
une pitonsly him shook. 

And greet manaee on him gan make. 
*Whyslepist then whan then shnld wake ?* 
Qaod Shame; * thoa dost ns vilanj^ ! 
Who tristith thee, he doth folye, 4010 
To kepe roses or botonns, 
Whan they ben feure in hir sesouns. 
Thou art woze to familiere 
Where thou shulde be straunge of ohere, 
Stout of thy port, redy to greve. 4015 
Thou dost gret foly for to leve 
Bialaooil here-in, to calle 
The yonder man to shenden us alle. 
Thou^ that thou slepe, we may here 
Of Jelousie gret noyse here. 4000 

Art thou now late ? ryse up fin hy. 
And stoppe sone and deliverly 
Alle the gappis of the hay ; 
Do no favour, I thee pray. 
It fiedlith no-thing to thy name 4095 

fMake fair semblaunt, where thou maist 

' If Bialacoil be swete and free. 
Dogged and fel thou shuldist be ; 
Froward and outrageous, y-wis ; 
A cherl chaungeth that ourteis is. 4030 
This have I herd ofbe in seying, 
That man [ne] may, for no daunting, 
Make a sperhauke of a bosardo. 
Alle men wole holde thee for musardo, 
That debonair have founden thee ; 4035 
It sit thee nought curteis to be ; 
To do men plesaunoe or servyso, 
In thoe it is recreaundyse. 
Let thy werkis, fer and nero. 
Be lyke thy name, which is Daungcre.* 

Than, al abawid in shewing, 4041 

Anoon spok Dreed, right thus seying, 
And seide, * Daunger, I drede me 
That thou ne wolt [not] bisy be 
To kepe that thou hast to kepe ; 4045 
Whan thou shuldist wake,thou art aslepo. 
Thou shalt be greved certesoily. 
If thee aspye Jelousy, 
Or if he flnde thee in blame. 
He hath to-day assailed Shame, 405a 

And chased awey, with gret manace, 
Bialacoil out of this place. 
And swereth shortly that he shal 
Enclose h^ in a sturdy wal ; 
And al is for thy wikkednesse, 4055 

For that thea faileth stnmngeaesst. 


Thyn herto, I trowo, bo f&iled al ; 
Thin ehatt repeDt« la Epeclal, 
If Jolouiyo the 8<rtho knowo; 
Thoa ihAltfiirtbeDke, and lore raws.' 
Franning hi* eym gun to make, 
Ajid liidotiA FLhen ; b« man in rage, 
Fw ire he hrontB in hii vinogs. 
Whan that he herds him blamed bo, 406s 
Ho Mide, ' Ont of my wit 1 gw ; 
To be disFomiit I have gret wrong. 
Certia, I hare now lived to long, 
tilth I may not tlilg oloaar kope ; 
AI qnik I wotde be dolvan depe, 
If any man shiil more repeiro 
Into this garden, fw foole or faire. 
Kya horta for ire goth a-fare, 

Zit (Bmutunf of He (Bosc- 


I have dii foly, now I see, ioj; 

But now it shal amendal he. 

Tmly, ha ahol rppeate it eore : 

For QQ man mo into this placs 

Of mo lo ontre ehni have grace 41180 

Lever I hadde, with swerdis tweyne, 

TharBh-ont mj-n herto, in every voyne 

TorccJ to be, with 

For Bialaooil I wmtthed ea. 
For certeynlj', in every merobre 
I quake, whan I me remcmhre 4 

Of the botonn, which [that] I wolde 
Fnlle ofle a. day Been and bibolde. 
And whan I thenke upon the kiiae, 
And bow mache jnye and bliue 
T hadde thnrgh the savonr awete, 1 
For wanl« of it I gmne and grete. 
11b thenkith I fele yil in mj ao«e 
The awete eayonr of the roK. 

So fer the fresBhe flonrei fro, 4 

To me fill welcome were the death ; 
Abune therof, s]]u, me ilsetfa ! 
For whylom with thii nue, allaa, , 
I touched now, month, and faoe ) 
Bat now tho death I mmt abyde. 
But Love oon»wit«, another tyde, 
That onia 1 toucbe may and ki«?, 
I trowe toy peyne shal never liaae. 
Tharon is ol my ooveityBe, 
Which brrjnt myB herte in man; wyse. 
Now ehalrepairo agayn aighinge, 41J1 
Long waccho on ci^htis, and no aiepinge; 
Thoueht in wisshlng, torment, and wo. 



tft (S^cmtaud «f lU QMt 


lidM longio and wjde. 4160 

tgniM it mm MMiylad, 
fcboate it mm iMitaytod ; 
ad* iHTiitmn eek mm Mi 
f a xioha and Ikir tcmreit 
eodMrofthisiral 41^ 

» tour Ikd piinoiiMd ; 
rieh hadds, withoate fitUe, 
mly drfeniaMe 
of tnamiflti And to grave, 
TO Mr finoe woldo prove. 4170 
■ midd o thii p o rprye 
id a tour of grot iiiAisiiyw ; 
HMgli BO maa with ti^t, 
id wjdo, and of grot mighti 
] dreddo noon aMaut 4175 

I, gimiio, nor ikailiMit. 
I tompraxa of the mortero 
id of Ueoar wondsr dere ; 
M lyme ponant and egro, 
Bh mm tempred with vinogre. 
B was hard ^wi ademant, 4181 
they Buide the fonndement. 
• fnm roonde, maad in oompas ; 
8 world no richer was, 
r ordeigned therwithaL 4185 

he Umr was maad a wal, 
bttwixt that and the toor, 
were wt of ewete lavoari 
Aj roeea that they here, 
within the oaatel were 4190 

dee, gnnnee, howa, arohen ; 
above, atte oomera, 
a over the walle atonde 
gynea, 'f'whiche were nigh honde ; 
he kernela, here and there, 419$ 
itera gret identee were, 
mnra might hir etroke with- 

%>ly to piece to hondOi 
the diche were liftea made, 
Ilea batayled large and hrade,4JOO 
and hora ahnlde not attosme 
1 the diche over the plajme. 
iOQiye hath enviroon 
te his gamiaoon 

Jlea ronnde, and diche dope, 4Ja5 
I raaar for to kepe. 
inger [eek], arly and late 
M kavto of the utter gate, 

The whidh openeth toward tha eeet 
And he hadds with him atie leeat 4910 
Thritty aarvaantef, edhon hj nmakd. 

That other gate kepte Shame^ 
"Whioh openedoi aa it waa eoath. 
Toward the parte of tha aonth. 
Seigeaontee aarigned ware hir to 4915 
Vfol many, hir willa te to da 

Than Drede hadde in hir haiUya 
The hoping of the eoneitaldeiye, 
Toward the narth, I nndiralonde, 
That opened upon tha left honde, 4110 
The which Ibr no-thing may be aura, 
Bnt-if ahe do piir] hliiy enria 
Brly on movowe and also lata, 
Strongly to ahette and harra the gate. 
Of every thing that ahe may aea 4145 
Drede ia ated, wha»«o ahe be ; 
For with a pair of litel winde 
Drede ia aatonied in hir minde. 
Therfore, Ibr atelinge of the roae, 
I rede hir nought the yate undoae. 4150 
A foulia flight wol make hir flee, 
And eek a ahadowe, if ahe it aee. 

Thanne Wikked-Tunge, iVil of envyc, 
With floudioura of Kormandye, 
Aa he that cauaeth al the bate, 41^ 

Waa keper of the fourthe gate. 
And alao to the tother three 
He went ftil ofke, for to aoe. 
Whan hia lot waa to wake a-night, 
Hia inatrumentia wolde he dight, 4240 
For to blowe and make eoun, 
Ofter than he hath encheaoun ; 
And walken oft upon the wal. 
Comers and wikettia cnrvMJ. 
Ful narwe aerohen and eapye ; 4245 

Though he nought fond, yit wolde he lye^ 
Diaoordannt ever fro armonjre. 
And diatoned firam melodye, 
Oontrove he wolde, and foule fiorle^ 
With hompypea of Comewayle. 4*9* 

In floytea made he diaoordaunce. 
And in hia musik, with mischannce. 
He wolde a^yn, with notea newe, 
That he [ne] fond no womman trewe, 
Ke that he aaugh never, in hia lyf; 4J55 
Unto hir huabonde a trawe wyf ; 
Ka noon so tal of Koneatee, 
That aha nil lani^ and maiy be 
Whaa that iha herath, or may eqpye. 




^ 44 ^$2 (Jtomftun* of t9e (^oefc ffMowrta 

A man spoken of Icciorj-a (iflo 

DetbQced with the ttronee wallo. 4J<i 

Evoriofa of hem luUt Bomme vToa ; 

Now Jehinsya fhl wel may be 

Oon ia dishonest, aunther is nyoe ; 

Otdreda devoid, in liberteo. 


Whether that he elepe or wake ; 

■ AiinUiorluithftlilteroas yo; 

For ofhis roses may noon be taka. tJl 

^ Ifoonl«fnl™f--™wnea«. 4=63 

Bnt 1, alias, now moma ihal 1 ^B 

^M Another is n chideresse. 

Bi«n«!lwasmthoatthe«al, ^H 

^F Thus Wikked-TnOKs (god ;ave him 

^ shune 1) 

Whohaddowistwhatwolhadde, ^ 

Citn pntte hem everichono !□ blsiao 

I trowe he wotde have had pitee. 

WithoBle d»srt and caoielw ; 

Love to deare had sold to me *j« 

He lyeth, though the^ been giltloa. 4';o 

The good that of his love hadde J. 

^^ I luive pits to seen the aotvif. 

I twenda a bought it al qneyntly ; 

^M That fvBketh bathe eve and morwo, 

Bat now, Ihurgh donbling of my peyn. 

^B To InnocsnU doth inoh Brevnimpo ; 

I see be wolde it tails ngoyn, 

^H I pmy god j-eve him ovel chaonce, 

.^d me a nowa barsayn lere, 4jj; 

V That he ever BO biay is 4^71 

Tlie which al-oat the mote is dore, 

^ OTwij-womnuintoseynamia! the sola™ that I ham lorn. 

Than I hadde it never sfum. 

That hath [yj-mnad a tonr so rounde, 

C6««yn I am fill lyk, indeed, 

_ And miutfl abont« a garisaan 

To him that cast in erthe his seed; tsf 

^^ To Botte BiahKoil in iitisoun 5 4380 

And hath joie of the nowe spring, 

^L The Which is shot there in thB tonr, 

Whan it erenuth in the ginning', 

^B Pnl lonEi to hoMe thero Bojcmr. 

And is also flwir and fraah of flour, 

^^1 There for to livi!(D] in pennanrro. 

Lnsty to seen, gwote of odonr,- 

Bnt or he it in sheves shore, 41JS 

fTher hath ordej^ed Jdlonsya 4185 

May felle a wedcr that thai it dern. 

An olde vekka. for to Mpyo 

And make(n] it to fiule and falls. 

The stalk, the groyn, and Baanm alio : 

That to tha ttilier ia fordona 

Had lomed [ninche] of Lovos art. 

The hope that he hadde to Bona. .]^i| 

And of his pleyss look hh- part ; 4190 

She WM -foipert in his servj-se. 

For hope and trnvailo sikarly ^^H 

She knew eoh wrenche and evary gj-SB 

nen me biraft al with a storm ; ^^M 

Oflove, and every llmares] wylo. 

The floura nil se'len of my oom. ..^1 

II was [the] harder hir U. gyle. 

or BiaUcoil she took ay hede. 4:,05 

Whan I bigan my privitee 

That erer he livoth in wo and drede. 


He kepte him coy and eek priwe, 

Whom r ne fond froward na fello, 

Lost in him she hadde n» 

Bnt took a-gree el hool my play. 

Bnt Love is of bo har<l asBHy, 4^3) 

For sho know al the oldBdannoo. 4300 

That al at onii ha revod me, 

And aflir Ihii, whan .Telonsye 

Whan I twand boat abc.von have be. 

It ii of Love, as of Fortune, 

And shette him np that was so &ee, 

That channgelh ofle, and nil oontnne ; 

FM seara of him ha wolde bo, 

Which whylom wol on folke smyli^ ^llS 

Hatmstethiorainhisoutel; 430J 

And glonmbe on hem another whyU ; 

The stronge wcrk him lykoth wel. 

Now freend. now foo, [than) shalt hir Mk, 

^m Bo dnuldfl nnt that, no elotouni 

For [in] a twinkling tonmeth hir whori. 

She am wiytho hir hoeil aw«y, 


This is the oonooars of hir play ) 4jfti 


ZU t^omMttf of fSe (£to0C. 

' for it i-un I thMt Bm com daaa 4365 

nini^fa -^liuiga Uid revoluoioan 1 
Kth Biaiiwx)!! mot fro ma twiiuu, 
itvi in Uio pruimii jvad witbiDno. 
liii mtMCDiM *t 01311 berts I fole ; 
fi'Tml atfjayt tad id aya hiilo 4,i;i> 
>l'u in bim and in tbe nHc, 

TtiM bat yoa fwal, which hiTn doth clou, 

Cpen. Uwt [ nuy bim tee, 

Wo nil nut that I cnrvd be 

Of tba peynM that I ondore, 4.175 

Nor or my cruel nvenlnre. 
A. BuUacoil. myn tumo dere 1 

Thoo^h tbuQ hv Dow a priaonureT 

Kr|ia atta iHtc thjn bcrte to mc, 

Ind mCrB not that it daunted be ; 4380 

Ni^ lat not jBloasye, in hin isfrB. 

?tiitaa tbTQ berte In no wmi^. 

JtlUKFOBh bodiMtice tbeo wlthoale, 

And Biaka thy bodj- unto bim loate, 

tla^ berto a* bard atf dyamuiuit^ 4.1S5 

Fur po tnauafs Uuit It may diya. 4J90 

I/JfJoaaxa <l«th thM pi^^s, 

Qaj*9 Um bla «hyle thui Bgajii<>, 

To nmt> tl»<^ ■>"• ■'«^ >° tliuQght, 

If Mbar my thon mayeal uoo^I; 

Anil In tli!« wr** aotiUy 4^9; 

WoRjia, and wliiDa iii> inulUy. 

Bat yll I wn )n gnrt affray 

I.Mt tboQ do not as I uy ; 

I tlrado tbon ran«t iri* gnM miMgnr, 

~l.4t tbiiB MDtiriMiDHi art far mo f «4i» 

1 .! that (lij&iit ror my tn«iHU. 

! r f bnrch me nnviw dlaouvored waa 

. ii ibiQC that oaghla baxurM. 

' Vvl more anny [tbsi] it in mn, 

rrLSB U in tbe^ of thli mltcbamiM 1 44CQ 

Ttita asy (aunj can Myn or thinks, 
Tlaal fltf the ■onro almoat I Bloke, 
Mluu I noDiinbro Ru> of my «o. 
Fill nyvli •*' "' ■")■ "■'' ' If'- 44'ti 

■ lflIfcUU«Uo, 

For comfortlM tho dootli I dreite. 
Civ t not wel to have diattes9e, 
Uluui fklie, thnrgh hti wikkedncao, 
And tnitonrs, tbut am envyoiu, 4. 
To Doyon me be so eoragloni ? 
A, BiaUdoil I ttd wul I nee, 
That they bem shape to diieeyve thco, 
Tu make thee bniom to bir lawo. 
And vrith Mr corda then to drain 
Wber-ao hem Inat, right at hir ' 
I drode they have Uioe bnmght 
Witbonte comfort, tbonght me sleethi 
TbsM game wol bringe me to my deeUt. 
Porif ymir tgodowiilol Ipee, 44« 

I mote be deed ; I may not cbese. 
And if that thou foryete in», 
Uyn berte ihal never in lyking be ', 
Nut elloa-where flnde folace. 
If I bo pat ont of your grace, 443(1 

Ai it ihal never been, I hope ; 
Than sholda t fallefDj In vitnbope. 

[ITtr*. at L Ao^ii of thf Prenrb Uxl. 
milt OLe wotIi of O. da I»rrlii ; iind 
fccffiw l*a wvrk (i/ Jean de UonB.l 

Allaa, in vanhope r— nay. pardee I 
For 1 wol never diepeired be. 
If Hope me tUle, than am 1 4t\^ 

UnKiaoJDoe and unworthy 1 
In Hope I woL oomforted lie, 
For Lovo, whan he bltaneht hir me, 
Soide, that Hope, wbar-eo I go 
Sbnldo ay be relees to my wo. 

Bat what and she my bnlia bote, 
And lie to maeniteisand wmia} 
She ie in no-tbing fOl certoyn. 
Lovora she pat in ftel gret pnyn, 
And makith hem vitb wo to UoLo. 
Hir foir blbeeat duoeynth fsla, 
For die wol bibote, B^irly, 
And fkilen aAir ontraly. 
A I that U a fta noyona tblns I 
far many a lover, in lorinr, 
HuigGtb Dpon hir. and tnutetb bit, 
Whiohe lew hir travel at the last. 
Of tiling to Domen she wool riubt nouicbt 
Thrrfure. if U be wyaly eonsht, 
Kir coiuueiUei foly ii to lakci 
Tnr mim.T tynia. wbon siio wo 
A liU gijod Bilc^ioniii, I ili«l« 







46 ^e IJtomaunf of 10t (Bosc (nuaHnvra 

That aftirward thor ili&l In dedo 

That now is lorn, without leslDg. 

Folwe AD evsl conelnsionn ; 

ITlie] yiftaj were fiiir, bnt not forthv 

This pat me in oonfusionn, 4460 

They hfllpB mo bat B!mp[illly, 4;to 

For many tymes I lisTO it Been, 

Bat BialAcoil [mfty] lonMd be. 

ThBt mnny ban bigyled iBan, 

To gon at largo and to ba tne. 

For tmat that they have set in Hope, 

For him my lyf lyth ai in dont. 

Wliicih te\ hem aftirward a-«lope. 

nut nathelea yit, gladly she welde, «4fi5 

AOhu ! 1 trowe it wol not b«n ■ 45.J 

Tlint ho. thiit wol Iiim with liir hoMo, 

For how ahold I enrmon him seenT 

lUado nllo tymes fbis pniroa dcre, 

Ho may not ont, aod that la wrong, 

Withoatfl deceyle, or any woro. 

Bicanu the tuar ia tn ittong. 

Thnt the deeireth sikicly ; 

How aholdo he ont ? hy "hoB prowoMo, 

Whan I hir blamed. I did foly. 4470 

Dot of to strong a fort«rew« ? 4510 

Bat what avayleth liir good wills, 

By mo, oorteyn, it nil ba do ; 

Whna she ne may sl»nnoho my stoundfl 

Qod wool, I havo no wit tharto 1 

Bnt wid I woot I wa< in nge. 

That helpitli litBl, that rtie may do, 

Whan I to Love dida homngo. 

And hoeste certeyn, In no wyse, 447s 

Bnt hiMdlf, dame Idelneaw, 

WitliontB yift. is not to "tpryBo. 

Which me eonreyed, thaig-hCurpniyen, 

WTian hoast and deed Mtiiidir rarie. 

To entre into that Ikir verKere t 

Tliay doon (ma have] A Rret oontrsrie. 

She waa to blame mo to leve. 

Thiu urn I poned np iind donti 

The which now doth me KiregrBTe. (w 

With ilool, thought, and nranuionii ; 44ftn 

A focdis won! is nought to trowe. 

Of my diseso thfir ia no nonmb™. 

No worth an appel for to Iowb 1 

Dnnngor nod Shame me cncnmbrn. 

Men shnlde him mibbo bittirl.v. 


B.] Zh (£[emaunt of f9t (Reet. 

I Skald* I Uierfoie canne him nukitgreo ' 
ytg. '•rlayolj'. it shiil not be ; 4,^60 

tut Lot* ihal never, fif god wi], 
Bin of mo, thiirgb vord or wil, 
Utanto or aUBpUynl. moTe or lour, 
KiiUuT of Hope Dor Idilneue ; 
?iir earti*. it were urong that I 4565 

Sitttd ham fn- bir cnrtetya. 
Tlin U nut «UU, bat raSio kod tliiuke, 
And WBkon vhko I ehiilde winko ; 
A«,]Nla Ui bnps, til lore, thnrgh chunnco. 
Suule me •oxiDr or kllee^mice, 4S7° 

Expaetuit ay til I tntiy toeta 
To prteD merer °f t'>*t soete. 

' WI17I0B1 1 thluke haw Ldto to me 
S*Tde ha wolde Uk((ii ) »ll(e| gree 
UraeniM, if DnpacieQce 457; 

Qtnaed m* to itnon offenu. 
He ■ejrle, " la Ihit&k I ihal It t»ke, 
And higb Dikiiter oek Ihee make. 
If wikkadsBeae ue nve it thee ; 
Bat Kne, I mwc. tbnt ihtl uot be." 4180 
Tbd^ <r«n bli wordii bf and by ; 

1% ■ »il ha Wed me trewlj'. 

Kvw 1« thar not tot wrre him vela, 

If IhM I tUnke hii tbiink to felo. 

Uf (ood, myn harm, lyUi bool in me ; 

to Lefn mar "" defante be ; 4_i!g6 

Va» tfvwa Lvta ffiulld never man. 

.■viUy, (ha (ante mot nedii than 

I A* (V4 fticbede be foondo in me. 

Ad<1 bov it mmetb, I can not aee. 451^1 

K'-w lal It pKm aa it may go ; 

IMiMbw LoTo wdI eooonra me or ilo, 

Ha may da haul on me bit wil. 

1 am to aotv bvanda him ttl, 

ProB hit aariTw I may not Been : 4595 

Fir lyf and dath, witbontea wane, 

la Is hia band ; I may not chaae ; 

tCa nay me do bMhe viiui* and leoe. 

AmI Blh m fun he doth me Breve. 

Ylt.U'inylaalbe wuldeacbeve 46c» 

To BialaeoU rwdly to be, 

I jm BO foroe vhat faUe on me. 

P>T (hooch t dye, aa I mot nedc, 

I f>By« Loea. of hii goodlihedc, 

To Bialaooil do centUnaMe, 4605 

IW wboaa 1 live in aneb diitnuve, 

1WI E not* dayan for penaTtnce^ 

Bnt tnt, wlihraie repentanneo, 

I wl m cawftw a in good oatant. 

To Bialacoll lave I myn herta 
Al boo], witLonta departing'. 
Or doublenewe of repenting.' 

Coment Raisoun Tient a Ii'ai 

Tlitu aa I made my passage 
In cumpleynt, and in truel rage, 
And I foist wber to finde a locbe 
That contlio nnto myu helping edia. 
Sodeynlj agajm comen donu 
Oat of liir loor I saogli Resonn. 
Discrete and irya. and ful pleunni, 
And of hir porta ful avenannt. 
The righle wey aha took to me. 
Which itood in greet perpieiito, 
That was poaibed in evBiy ndo. 
That I nlit where 1 might abrde, 
TU ihe, demurely sad of chere, 
Seide la me as she com nere ; — 

■ Uyn owne freend, art tb<m yitgnv*ii 
How is this qitarel yit ochevod 4r',iu 

or Loves syde ? Anoon me teUe ; 
Host thoa not yIt of love tliy fllle 1' 
Art thou not wery of thy aei'vyse 
That thee hatb [F[yned] in ilch wj-h ? 
What joyo bast tboo in tby luviug ? 4fii.i 
la it awate or hitter thing t 
Canst thou yit obese, lat me lee. 
What best tby socour mighto l>eF 

' Tboa aerTeit a nu noble lord, 
Tliat maketfa tbaa dual for tby reward, 
Which ay ranewith thy torment, 4(141 
With foly aa lie hath thee blent, 
Thou fella in mlsobeaf thilke day. 
Whan thou diJeat, the sotba to sa;, 
Obeyaaanoe and eek homage ; 464] 

Thoo wTonghteit nobbing aa the aage. 
Wban thou bicam hia liege man, 
Tbuu diditt a grct fuly than ; 
Thon wisteat not what fel therlo, 
With uhat lord Ihon haddiat to .lo. ^6s!• 
If thus haddiat him wel knowe. 
Ilioa haddiat nongbt be brongbtao bw*; 
For if thon wiiteat what it 



■ake. nor half a day, 
m boor withonte dulay, 
>r than loved paiamoun, 

diOay, ^^M 

imoun, ^^^B 


Z$t IJtemaunf of ($t |^«s<. 

[ BU Inrcliliip i> >a fti] of Bbonrsa. 
Kduvum Iiiin ought ? ' 
L'Amaunl. ' Ye, damo, innlo ! 

flatewn. ' Nay, na;.' 
L-Amaunl. 'Ybb.1,' 



1 OUdto 

'Oftliat h«»rJe] slinMe 

re lich lord u lie, 
And maiflter nrnch Hei^ory,' 

llaltouH. ' Knowirt him no moro ? ' 
I.'Amnunt. ' Nsy, ccrtis, 1, 

Bava that he yiif me rewlei there, 41W5 
And wenlis his -wey, I nwta wharo. 
And I abnod boande in balaonoo.' 

BAiitmA. ' Lo, there a noble oommnnee 1 
Bnt I wil that tbon knowe him now 
Ginning and ende, eith that thoa 4^70 
Art so an^olsahon* and mate, 
TKaflgcred oat of oslate ; 
TlicrniBj'nQ wrorsIioluiTamoreofwo, 
Va caitiTnooD cndoren so. 
It wer? to every man siUing 4675 

I Of liiB lord have knowlechlng. 
T l^>r irthon knewe liim, ont of donl, 
J Ijshtly tbaa shaldo eacapen oat 
I Of the prlmiD that laarrath tbee,' 

L'Aourunt. ' Ye, dams ! aitli my lord 
iahe, 4680 

I And t hia man, maad with myn bonde, 
I Z woLle right iiiyn nndirvtondo 
■ Tol(ni>wt(n)ofwli«t kindahobe, 
Y- V any wolda onformo mo.' 

HaitoHH. 'IwoldVoeid Hesonn, ' thee 
lerc, 4<jSs 

6Jth them to Isrno hiut sioh deeirs, 
And showe thee, withonlen fable, 
A thinff that ifl not demonstrable. 
Thnu ihalt [bom lemo] without eciance. 
And koocvo, withimt-o eiperienoe, 4^90 
The thing that may n<Jt knowen bo, 
No wiat ne Ebcwid in no degree. 
Thon mayat the eothe of It not witen. 
Though in tbee it were writen. 
Thoa ahalt not knowe theroT more 461^ 
Wbylo tbOB art reoled b^ his lore i 
Bnt nnto him that love wol flee, 
The knotM meiy nncloud be, 

IWIuch hath to thee, as it ii foondo, 
Bo long bo knct nnd not nnbirnnde. tpio 
JTow aetto wal Ihyu 

To here of lova diseripuionn. 

' Love, it is an hateAil p«es, 
A free aoqaiUtonce, withont relea 
t A tranche, tret fnll of fiilshedB, . 

In herte is a dispejring Itopo, 
And futlo of hope, it is wanbopo 
Wyae woodnesae, and wood ru 
A swats peril, in to dnmaa. 
An hery birtban, light to bers, 
A wikked wave awey to wars. 
It is Cnribdis penlona, 

DiaagreablB and graciona. 

It Is diaoordaanoe that can aooorde, 4715 

And aooordannce to diacorde. 

It ia citnning withonte acienoe. 

Wisdom witbouto sapienoe, 

Wit witbouto diaorecioon, 

Haveir, withonte poasoeaionn. 47» 

It is "Hike hole and hool aikneaae, 

A ttbrust drowned +in dronkeneasc, 

fAn bcltho fol of maladye, 

And ebftritee fnl of enfjei 

i-An hunger fal of liabtiuchMmoei, 4715 

And a gredy snfflaatuica ; 

Delyt right fal of bevinesBS. 

And di^i[b]ed fU of gladneaae ; 

Bight avd savonred good aavonr ; 47J0 
■{■Sinne that pordoon hath withinne. 
And pardoun epotted without {with] 

A peyna alao it ii. joyooa, 

And felonya right pitoos ; 

Alao pley that aside is sltthle, tTSX 

And atodefast [stat], right mexuble 1 

A aCrengibe, woyked to itondo aprigbt. 

And febleneaaa, ful of might i 

Wit nnavyaed, aaga folyo, 

Anil joye iul of tormantrya ; 

A langhter it is, weping i^, 

Best, that traveyleth night and iuf-i 

And a sorowfal Farodj^ ; 

A plaaannt gnyl and cay prisonn. 

And, fill of livste, soioe 

Prymo tempo, tal of froatea wbyt^ J 

Awl U^', deroido of ol ddyta, 

With seer branncbos. blusi 

And newa buyt, fillid with winter trao. 

It is a ahiwe, may nut forben 4151 

Z^t ({temaunf of fjt (Rose. 

tbo »moiu«ttes ^755 

A >iUk, Bs briglit bnmettaa 
iaotmt mocliul pira. 
n fotmilsD |ia] lu wjs, 
10 liigh u of iian^, 

X< on uui Turuids of wil tu sage, 4;5u 

N'u auui Bu bardy dq k wiitlit, 

V< oo DuMi of SO mocliel might, 

^vn Ki ftUfllled at boDnte. 

tBnl h* witii lov» Buy dAnatad be. 

tl iIm world holdlth thii wb>' ; 47G.S 

Lon bibJuUi kUs to gwu lolawe;, 

Xst it U tLay of $^ci Iff, 

u~]uim OtuiiM cnnith, mui md wyf, 

"lit wnmBlT *erks B««7a luttore. 

N no molie 1 lora, dc have no core 4770 
"I fluhflM LoVDi ■erraaati boon, 

i^'l mil tiul Uj my connael flesn. 

I ' 'r I no yreyM UiAt loving, 

.M;u-tJ]iuith mkn, ikt the liute eiidiag. 

-JiaI alia hem vrccchiafalle of wo, 4775 

Itrrw gmeth bom oud ihesdith an, 

Dal U thoK volt wel Love eEchewo. 

I^r to laaf « out of hia niewe, 

lull Bi>k« k1 bool iby ■orws to Blnke, 

>'u battir eoiuiMl nu^ Ibun Uki!, 4780 

'ntan tkiakf (o 0Mn vvl, y-wl* ; 

May BD^cbi 1ui]|mi ellM ; for wile thou 

U tbov da* U, ii sli&l Am thea ; 

WUdi h»iIUa (i-ilt hir tpeohe in veyn : 
tMBk^' wrv^ I, ' I J" wel aey 

ILtcktvotifffaMim I, Ujur^ your dootryna ; 
^ lialta Budui yonr diicjplyne ; 
: rat no uon than (t| wilt fer, 
~it aa wo contimrid and bo for 

I if>«7 IhiDc that ye mil leni ; 4795 

>.--i yit I OBD It al tpvoacTo. 

V/n harM forystilb thiirot rlKht nooglit, 

:^ ia^ wKUn Ln my ihoucbt 1 

Bot tu my-flilf leweditt un I. 

' But Biili ye luve diacraven so, 
And lakfao and prolBO it, bothe twn, 
Defynoth it Into thii lottor, . 

Tlut I may thenke on it tho bettnr 
For I herda nover filiffyDO It or 
And wilfully 1 wolda it lere.- 

HaiKmn. ' If lava bo ■orubBd wel M 

of tbo thouBbt 
Anueisd and fkata bitv 
tWbicb male and femali 
80 frely byndith, thst they nil tt 
Whether (o therof they loss or wiuiM>i4 
The rooEe ([prini;lth, tborgh bout b 

Into diBordinat daairin^ 
For to kiisea and enbrace. 
And nt bee Inat them lo ■olooa. 
Oi'otbef thing lova raoohich nonght, 
But settetb hir berta and ol bir thm ' 

Thon any prooreacianu 

Of ulber froyt by tongandiing j 

Wiiich loTS to god is not pledng ; 

For of bii body (toyt to g 

Tboy yovo no force, they 

Upon delyt, to pley in-fei 

And ppaun* h«VB «lS4 tbi 

n hem for 1 
Sick lure I proiaa nut at a luko. 
For iHuamoura tbey do but fcyne 
To lova truly Ihay diadaynu. 
Tbty (olaaD lAdiaa traitoursly, 
And sweren hem othea nttuily, 
With many a lesing, and many a 
And al they flndan daceyruUa. 
And, wbanna thay tber luiC biui gc 
The boota ernes they al furyet«n. 
WimuiBQ, the barm tbey b>™n ful 1 

That laaaa harm ia, so mol« 1 tbim, 
I>iiceyvo them, than diaoeyrvU be ; 
Auil numaly, wber thay no may 

Fur I wut vol. In •uthfastneaBe, 
Tbnt fwho d»lb 
With any wommoQ for to dala, 
Fur any liut that he may falo, 
Bnt-if it be lor encenditit^ 



ZU (Jtomaunt of t6« (Bo**- 

He doth treapaue, I yon ensure, ^i•!o 

For be shulde setten b1 his wil 

Ti> getun a liUy thing him til, 

And to Bn«t«ne[D], if he might, 

And kepe forth, by kindes rieht, 

His uwne lyknesBe sad aemblable, 4855 

For bipan» al it conunpable, 

And fnilo ahnlde mcceasiomi, 

No w(!re fther generncioali 

Whan fader or moder am In grave, ^»6o 
Hirchtldren Bhulde, whaa(bo;l>eiide«de, 
1^ diligent ben, in bir Bt«eds, 
To nse that werke on mcb a vyse. 
That uon may thnrgh another 1780. 
TborToro sot Kinde tberin delyt. 

I of that de 
oHe >ythes 


it that V 

irolde di 

Ne wero ilel;^, which hath him ca- 
TblB hndde totil dome Natare ; 
For noon gatb right, I thee enanrr 
Ne hftth en tent bool no pariyt ; 
For bir deiir la for deljt, 
The wbiob foTt«ned oreoe and eka 

And holt him payed -with noon eatate. 
Within him-ailf U mch debate, 
He channgith pnrpoa and entent. 
And yalt [him] into oom corent. 
To liven aflir her empryse, ^ 

And leaith fVadoin and ^annchjae. 
That Nature in him hadde set, 
The which ageyn he may not get, 
If he thore make hi9 monsionn 
For to sbyde professioon. 4 

Thongh for a tjme hia herte absente, 
It may not faj-le, he Bhal repeoto, 
And eke abyde Ihilko day 
To leve hii abit, and i^hq big way, 
And lesith hta worship and big iiome. 
And dai not come a^yn for Bhome ; 4 
Bat al hii lyf be doth bo moome, 

Fredom of klnde so lost hath he 
That never may reonred be, 4 

-t-Bnt-if that god him gnrante grace 
That he may, er ba beanes paoe, 
Conleyne nndir obedience 
Thnrgh the vertn of poctence. 
For Youthe set nun in al folye, 4 

In mtthrift and In ribandye. 

ZU (9«m«unf of iU (Be«t. 

' Bnt Elda ■hso'i •Beyn raitroyno *i>s,> 
Ptmb melie fair, and refrsyna, 
Ind Kl men, by hir ordinHmpB, 
[b food r«nt« And in e<>VDmaTtnc& 
Bov jvtl aha tpendith hii aorrTBa. 
Tot no maa wol hjr low, ^a pryse ; 4960 
^ i« hated, tbU wot I walo. 
Hir ad|iwyntjumcfl wolde tut man fela, 
\t han of Bde oompanye, 
Hun kata to be of hir ftlye. 

S'< <lj^ whan h« ia yane and bolde. 
led Kids memililh i%bt gntly, 
Vibma tlia; nmembre hem Inward]; 
I' mAn^ a perBlooi emprysa, 
<t'liicib> thai thay wrooght in Eondry 

I'lw avwr thay might, withnnle blamo, 

.'-=l>f«k«<T «FttllAltt4 Bhuii», 

' ^nothv, dtboaleCDl damagB 

! i wf mi t «f bei linage, 
>j'H( of iiMnbra, aheding oTIiloda, 497; 
!Vr*l oCiMh, or \o»*e ot good, 

' Wn« Hum nought whan Yonthe 
liax own ■> pnUro In her wit ? 
Wilb Dalyt riM halt aujonr. 
Var bMh« Uiar dwallan in uo tcmr, ^^Ko 
Aa lo^t* M Ymtha ia in Huoun, 
Tkar dwaUan in uun manaiinin. 
Diif% «* Yontiia wol havo tervTm 
To iln wlwt to ha wol ileiraa ; 
Add VavilM la redy evennore 41)85 

h* to etar. foi amacte of aore, 
Caiu Dilji, and him %ti ynt 
mt a«vte<^ whyl that iha may lira, 

■ Whac* Bde aUt, 1 wol the* telle 
i&oitlj, and nu wliyla dwolls, 4490 

Pi* IliidBr luhoTOth Ihaa tQ go. 
' ' Oath In jnnitha thae not alu, 
' -< tkia ianinay Ihoo maist not Ihile. 
' 111! Ur labaar and Tnvailu 
' -«^^ iMiii with fiorwa and Wo, 4995 

Prfna kbJ DiatTMw, Syknawa and Ire. 
Aul HalaMnly. tUai angry aim, 

Omning anil O revelling. Iiir berlxir 

The day and niglit, hir to tnrmenl, 
With cmel Beth they hir preBttDt, 
And teUen hir, erlicbe and Uie, 
That Deth fataut armed at hir gats, 
Tbui brlnga they to bir remembrnnnpa 
The futy dedia at hit infannce, <r«>i 

Which oftuaen hir to coonma in wo 
Tliat Yontha hath bir bigilud so, 
Which Bodeynly awey ia hiuled. 
She i^epeth the tymo that aha 1) 

Oompleyningaf the prDtei 

That, bat oforo hir ahe may lae 

In the ftttore aom aooonr, 

To Itfigen hir of hir dobsnr. 

To gtoant hir tyme of ropentaonea, 

And at tli« laato ao liir governe 
Tu winna the joy th&t ia eUTBe, 
Fro which go Ittlrward Yonthe fhir : 
In voiiitea to dnmne and wado. 
For preaant tyme abidith nonght, 
It Is more awift than nny thonght ; 
Sii litel whyle it doth endnra 
That ther nia oompta ne maanro. 

' Bnt liow that over the game go, 
Wlio liat thave joys and mirth aim 





In fmyt they aholdo hem delyta ; 

Her part they may not allei qoyle. 

To aave hem-ailf in honeslee. 

An>l yit fnl many ood I aeo 

Of wimmen, aothly for to aeyno. 

That lay] dwin) and wolde fayno 

The play of love, they be ao wllde, 

And not ooreita to go w' 

And if with ohild they be perohai 

Tbay woId it holde a gret a ^ 

Bnt what«om-avDr wo tliay fela, 

They wol not plcyne, bnt ooncale ) 

Bnl-if it be any fool or nyca. 

In whom that ahama lialh m 

For to delyt eohon they drawa. 

That haonte thia w«k, bothe blghM 

Savo aich that aiiejn worth right u 


€U ^VKMMlt of f9< <$«•<• 

That tor money wol bs bought. 

8ncli Ion I preise in no vyw, 

Whui it ia tpvsn for ooniUaa. S093 

I pniiM no wommui, thongh fihe b« wood. 

That TBTSth blr^ilf for my good. 

Por Utal ifaolds a mnn telle 

Of hlr, that wol hlr body nlle, 

Bs aha mayds. be she wyf, s^SS 

That qiiik wol sells hir, t^ hir lyf. 

How fairo ohere that ever iho make, 

He Ii a wieoehe, I nudirtake, 

That floreth moh one, for aweta or toai, 

Though ihe him a»lle hir paramonr, ,«i6o 

Tor certejnly no nioha [a] beeste 
To be loved ii not worthy, 
Or bare the name of dni(ellT. 
Noon shnlde hir pleue, bat he were wood. 
That wol dijpoile him of hii good. 50136 
Tit nerertbelee, I wol not ley 
■f-Bnt aha, for lolaoe and for pley, 
May a Jewel or other thing 
Take of her love* free yeving ; gojo 

Bat that (he aake it in no wyse, 
For drede of ahame of ooveityis. 
And she of hira may him, oerteyn, 
Withoate Klatmdre, yeven igeyu, 
And joyne her hertes (ogidre so 5075 

In love, and take and yeve also. 
Trows not that I wolde hem twinne. 
Whan in her love ther is no done ; 
I wnl that they togedre go, 
And doon al that the; han ado, so8o 

As cartsis ihnlds and debonaira, 
And in her love beren hem fairs, 
WithoQto vyce, bothe he and she \ 
Bo tlint alwey, in honertoe, 
Pro foly love fthsy kepa hem olere 5085 
That brenneth hertis with bis fere ; 
And that her love, in any wyae. 
Be devoid of ooveityse. 
Good love ahnlde engondrid be 
Of trews herte, joBt, and seores, 5090 

And not of snch as sstte her thought 
To have her Inat, and ellia nought, 
So ore they caoght in Lovei lace, 
Trnly, for bodily solace. 
Fleshly dolyt ia so present gags 

With thee, that sette al thyn entent, 
Withonte more (what ahold* I glcM f) 

Which nwUth tbM to m 

Bnt thoQ art not an tnoha the nan*, 
But •v*r shydeat in sorw* and mm. 
As in thy Ilio* it is son* ; 
It makith the* both* pal* and lea* ; 
Thy might, thy verta gotli Hnj. 5105 
A sory geat, in goode fky, 
Thon tharbaredeat than in thyn inna, 
The Oodof Lova whan thon Minna t 
Wharfon I rade, thoa ihatta him ont, 
Or he ahal grave thoB, oat of dont* ; jiio 
Por to thy profit it wol tnme, 
If he nomore ¥rith thee aojonma. 

Ben bertia, that of love am dnrnkan, 
Aa thou psravsntars knowan ahal, 511J 
Whan thon hast loflt -(thy ^ma ^ 
And apeut -fthy yootha in jillliii— 11, 
In waste, and wofnl Inatineaas ; 
If thon moist live tba tym* to •** 
Of love for to delivered ba, jiio 

Thy tyme thoa ibalt biwepa aore 
The whiohe never thon maiit laatora 
(Por tyme lost, as msn may aae, 
For no-thing may reooied beX 
And if than aospe yit, atte loate, 5115 
Fro liove, that hath thee ao fkate 

Certeyn, I holds it bnt a giooa. 

Par many oon, as it Is sayn, 

Have lost, and spent alao in veyn, siyo 

In hia aervyse, withoate aooonr. 

Body and sonle, good, and tnoovr. 

Wit, and itrengthe, and eek riobsaae, 

Of wbiob they hadde ns*er redress*.' 

Thus tanght and preohed hath 8*>eiin, 
But Love Bpilte hir ssrmona, 5136 

That was so imped in my thonght, 
That hir dootring I sett* at oongbt. 
And yit ne wide ihe never a dele, 
That I ne nndentode it wale, 5140 

Word by word, the mater oL 
Bnt nnto Lovo I was ao thral. 
Which collith over-ol his pr^. 
He choaith so my thonght falway. 
And holdith myn harle nndir his aalat 
Aa trmt and tiew oa any Mele ; 5146 

Ne hadde lin the k 

Z^i ^Amauttf of fOe (|to0C. 

H tn tlMt other she diile lare : 
I* (he liwt hir lore. 
Sa tfaehe ma greved vondir sore. 

tnum onto hir for ire I Hide. 
Frff Miger, »a 1 dide fibraide : 
I"*™*, lUld ii it yonr wills algate, 
T^^ 1 bot livve. but tliat I hate 

ill it 


d Toide love Kwiy 

Tmm hh. [and b««Q] k sinfttl wrecche, 
BMBlorallltettkiVethatjucchu. 51^ 
I ntf DM go noou other gaU, 
hr aftlwr mnM I lovs or bftt«. 
Akil tf I hmt» man of-oowe 
Kb* Ikan tor*, K wol mo rewe, S'? 

tt if j«w pnohiiis •emath me. 
hr bn* n»41uiiK na preiaiUi tbee. 
Te )«*a lioiiit cdnneail, nkirly, 
Dmt p— jiith me kl-dar, th«t I 
IStaaiil* no* ham lore blowe : ji; 

R* TCTB * fool, woldo yrm not trcmo 1 
la ifiK^ BlHt ya hui me tsn^ht 
tootba lav«^ Uut knawan Is TWURbt, 
'KX^h I ban hard jtri not reprevo. 
: ■ inrt eeh trther ; by your lava, j'^ 

' yn wvMa diXyne it me, 

lo-thiog wait allowa 
Thai I [tliac) Ibt tliy profit ny. 
Yit wnl I My thaa mora, is Iky ; 
Fv I ant Mdy, at tlia iMta, 
Ti MteovirliMba t^y n>)aeM<s jiiju 

Bw I not whar it w«t avsplc ; 
In tvna. paiBtmtra. I ahal tmnyln. 
lots ikar la in mndry wyw, 
Aa I tbal tlua hara daiyw. 
nw aom km laJol ■■ an'! B"°A ; 5>«5 

I maaa na* tliat which makith thes wood, 
Ad tolngUli thru in many a Ot. 
~ li m Uisa al thy wit. 

' Love of FrflDdshipo aUo thor is, 
Whinh makith do mini doon amis, 

That wol not breka for vfele ue wo 
Whiuh lone is lyl^ l» contnno, 
Whan willo and goodia ban in «om 
Qruunded by goddiji ordioatmc^ 
Hnol, withouta diacordaiuioa ; 
With beta balding oomantsa 
01' jU bar gooda in cbaritee* 
That ther be noon cxoepcioon 
Tbni^h chBanging of enteneionn i 
That cch helps other at liir Doede, 
And wyaly hole bothe word and dud*) J 
Trewe of memngi devoid of abratbe. g 
Far wit is nought withoato trunlhe ; 

So tbac tba ton du il hif thoDgbi 

Seyn la hia freend, and apnro nought, 

As to him-ailf, without drsdjug 

To be diaoovered by wreyinK. 

Far glad ia that conjuEicoiotin, 

Whao tber ia noon napacioan 

[Ne lok in heEot whom they woldo (a 

That trow and parflt woron in lovo. 

For DO Dian may be amiable, 

But-if ho be so fenne and etabia. 

That fortiino eliaDnge bim not, oe b1 

Bat that bia freand alwey him Itndai i 

Botha pore and riobe, in ae(n] [e> 

For if liis freond, thurgh any (ata, 

Wol compbiyne of his povartea, 

H« shnldfl not byde ao long, til ha 

Of his helping him Teqnare : 

For good deed, don [but) thurgh prayen, 

la sold, and bong>>t to dera, y-wia, S'iS 

To hart that of gret vatonr ia. 

For hart fhlfilled of gentllneaaa 

Can yvel demeae hia dietresM. 

And man that worthy ia 

To aakan often haih grut aliama. 

A good man brennetl 

For abame, whan be aioth ought. 

He hath gnt thought, and drodiLl 

For hia disna, whan he ahal pray 

Hia (ivend, lait that ho warned bo, 


54 t^t (|t«m(lU«t of t$e (gOei. IFunMrsr B. 

m that ho provo his sttthatao. 

Of his wnrahip to mako him faile, 

But vhsn that he hath founden oon 

That trusty is and trew aa stone, 

Lat him, with fnl entendoim, 

And [hath] ussayod him at al, 

Hia dever doon in ech degree 

And ibnnd hira atedefwt as a wal, 5150 


And oChia freendshiii bo ccrtoynu, 

In this two foase* with his might. 

Ho Bhftl him aheWB botho joye and peyne, 

Tatiog no kept) to skile uor right. 

And ttl that [he] dor thinko or sey, 

As rerro as love may him eicnse ; 

WithoQto shame, as ho wcl may, 

For how ahnWo ho ashamed bs 5155 

This lovo that I have told to Iheo 

Of sich oon ai I tidde thee ? 

Is QD-thing contnuie to me ; 

For whan he woot his secree thought. 

This wol I that thou (ulowfl wol. 

The thridda sbal knove tber^f right 

And lave the tother oveiydeL 

nonght ; 

This lovo to vortu al attendith, 


For tnoyn in nombro is bet than three 

Tho tothlr fooloa blent and ihesditli. 

In every connsel and eecroo. 5160 

■ Aanther love also there is. 

llepreve he dredeth never a. dol. 

That ia mntrarie onto this, 

iVho that biset Lis word is wol ; 

For every wya man, out of drede, 

That [it] is but wille foynod ; 

Can kapo his tungo til he soe node ; 

Awey fro troutbe it doth so vuie, 


And fooles r-An not holde hir tnnge ; 5165 

That to good lovo it is oootrario ; 

A fool OS bollo is Bone range. 

Yit Bhal a trowo froond do mow 

Syke bottis with DaveK^w ; 

To heipe his felowo of his sore, 

AJ in winning and in proiyt 

And soconre him, whan ho hath nede, 

Sioh love sottith hia delyt. 


In al that ho may doon in dede ; gija 

This love ao hangeth in baUnnoo 


^|a>w« ai t^t (Bomaunf 

of t$e CEteae. ss 

^^m tar* la right of liob mttan ; 

WTian in h!s herto i> no pita } ■^ 

^^fc ta tU) bur, ud now obKoro, 

That he trBspBSieth, wel I wal, ^M 

^■bbri«)>^ Dowclipeyofmanare, 

For och ana knovlth his estat ; SJ^H 

^^■1 wbytam dim, and whylom clere. SW 

For wel him fonghto be reproved XH 

T^B vma M FoTCTt* glnneli take, 

That loTOlh nonght, no is not loved. ~ 

^ Vi(lii>uuitelu)d[witb)wedubUke 

' But aith wa am to Fortune cumeo. 

itj bidith of I*>T8 the light .wBj.. 

And than our mnnoun of hir nomon, 

I^ut inlo night it tumeih da? ; 

A wimilir wil I telle thee now, j^oj 

;■ may out wa Kicheno ihyno jys 

Thon liordiit never sioh oon, I trow. 

t not wher thon ma leven ihal. 

Though Botbfaatnoese it be tin al, 

As it is writea, and Is sootJi, 

ua whan it bilith, he vol flit, 

That onto mem more profit doth 541a 

The froward Fortone and contraire. 

1 'OfU>ialaYe,hBnwhatI*e;^~ 

n* rlolM nun are loved ay, 

Acd if thee thinko it ia dontable. 

1 Ana lUHBaly tho that sparand bono. 

1 Tlo* wqI not Tatehs hir ban«i cIbub 

For the debonaice and aofte S4ij 

Of tha flltlia, nor of tba Tyca 5365 

Falsi Ih and bigrUthono; 

■fgtviy hnnaing amjwe. 

For liohe a modar she <w> nhniaha 

Th« richa Duui Ail fond is, ywii. 

And milken as doth A norya ; 

And of hir goods to them dales, 

And yeveth fhem part of her joweJoa, 

Ii U l»t ha. it ia h>> pxxl : 5i;u 

With grelo riobelBe and dienitee ; 54*1 

Ito maj wel witon In his thonshl. 

And hum cho holeth stabililee 

Ria c«>d la U>yMI, and lie rieht nought. 

In a sUte that is not stable. 


But ohannging ay and variable ; i^m 

Man unda DM wtta br Urn a lako, 

And fedith them with glorieveyue, St^M 

Oot halan bim ; thii ia ths aoth. ^75 

And worldly blieae noneertoynD, '^^1 

U>, »hal |D«et bU catal doth I 

Whan she tl>oni «.tiith on hir wbala, «■ 

Of ••arr inu that nur turn lee. 

Than wane they to be right wolo, ■■ 

U s<t«lli hbD nonght but eomitea. 

Bat ha amanda thiol of that vyeo. 

That never they weno for to 601* s«o 

And whan they set ao bigh[ej be. 

' Cartii, ba aholde ajr ftcandly be, 

To gata him lore al«o bra free. 

Of hertly frendii tio gret nonrabre. 

Or aflia ha ia Bol wne no wea 

That no-thing mighte her stal encombre : 

Xn mora than to a goto ramago. 

They tm*to hem bo on every sydo, 5135 

■nat ha not Lontfa, hii dede pmvetb. 

Wening with thorn they wolde abydo 

Whan ha U« tichcMe ao wel lovelh, 53S6 

Titat ba md h^a it a; and ipa», 

Hit para fraandia mh forfare ; 

BotbB of eatal and of good ; 

And alao for to (panda hir blood st-t" 

TO tor draJn hia ejan oIm*, S)i» 

And alia hir membrii for to iiime, 

^^rt Ul a wihkad deth him Uk« ; 

Only to ftdfille hir wllle. 

^^Bm had-la Isvsr aaqndrc ibake. 

They makan it bole in many wyaa. 

^^bd lal«r thin limca aaondra mt. 

^^^Hi Ura hia richiaH in bia iyvt. 

Rowaoratbatitdohamimerte, su$ 

Into hir very naked (hartal ^^_ 

^■tefB. M 1M« b la him than. 

Hart* and al, to hole th«y yave, ^^U 

^H|r Aohto loT* within him to, 

For tbe lyma that Ihay may liva, ^H 

^^j^^^^^^^^^^omauftf of t$t (Jtodt. ^^^^Ml 

So Hiat, Willi her floleryc, 

Thoy ealle hem "wrecolio," aooniA and 

TliBy nuOsBn foolia glorifye 34»> 


Of hir wordiB IbtobIJ epeking, 

And ban fthar^of a rajoj^ng. 

And, namely, nche as in riobttn 

And trowo hem aa the EviiDsylo ; 

Aiid it is oJ IklsUeed and gylo, 

Wfaan that tbay sawe him set onlofte, 

ABthBysha»fterw«rde[9lBeo. 5455 

Whan they am Mte in povortce, 

And most y-holpe in at hir nedc : jijuj 

And been nf gocnl and catol Imuts ; 

But now they take no manar hede, 

Thui shnlde tbey letm who froendla 

But leyn, in voice of flateiyo, 


Tlittt now ^perith hii folyo, 

^m For of an hundred, certcrnly. 

Orer-al wherfr«) they fare, 

K Kor of a thousand fnlwsarsly, 5460 

And singe, "Go, fimwelfeldefarei" js.o 

H NeahalthajtyndeonnethiaooD. 

AUe Buche Ireendia I beihrewo, 

^B Wlian pavertee ia oomen upon. 

For of [the] trewe ther be to fewe ; 

■ For tthUFortane that 1 of telle. 

But BOthfast freendis, what u bityde, 

With men whan hir liut to dwello, 

In evety fortune woleu abyda ; 

They han hir hertis in mioho noblwa 

That they nil luve for no Tit^b«»; 551$ 

Nor, tor that Fortune may hem seado, 

Whan high eatatis she dnth Tevorwt, 

Tlioy wolen hem Boconra and defends ; 

And maketh hem to tnmlile doun 

And cbannge for eofle na for sore, 

or Mr whele, with sodoyn tonm, 5470 

For who UfroBnci.loToth evermore. S5» 

And fmni Lir richesie doth hem £ee, 

^^ And ploneeth bom in poraitee, 

Ho may not bewe hir love atwa 

Bat, in [the] case that I thai aey. 

^H And leycth a plaatre dolorous 

For pride and ire b»o it he may, 

^^ft Vain her hortis, wounded egte, stjs 

And for reprove by nyceteo, ■g'S 

And disoovering of privitee. 

^^EFbat she is Fortune verely 

Frend In tliis case wol son hii <nf;p^^| 

^^Vjn whom no tana shnldo a^, !.^ao 

For no-thing greve him more ne oSI^I 

^^'Nor in hir yeftis have fiaunoe, 

And for nought oUis wol be See, ^P 

If that be love in atabilitee. 

ThDH Dan ihe maken high and Inwo, 

And corteyn, he is wel bigoon 

Whan they from rioheaao arlii]u throwe, 

Among a thousand that tynditb oon. 

Fnlty til knnwen, vrithmitea were. 5485 

For thar may be no richasse, m* 

Proend of teffect, and froand of there j 

Agoyni frcDdship, of worth in erea ; ^^H 

And which in lova weren trev and stablo, 

For it ne may so high atleigne .^H 

And whicbB also weren ™riflbk.. 

As may Uie valonre, booI^ to atviMi^^| 

After Fortune, hir goddeBso, 

OfhimthatbjTOthtrewandweli (■ 

Frendship is more than is cateL ' SF 

For al -fflho yevath, out of dmde, 

For froend in court ay bettor !■ 

Unhappe berevelh it in dedo ; 

Than pony in [bisj purs, oertis ; 

For Inlbrtnnu +lnt not oon 

^^- Of froendis, whan Fortune is goon ; 

Wlian npon men she is ffiUling, 

^^ I mone ibo fteondis that wol floe 5495 

^m And yit they wol not lore hem so. 

She makith, thurgh hii adversiloc, 

^BSnt in eoh iilaoe whsia they go 

Men ftil clearly for to iea 


^6c (£t«mAuia of '9t (Best. 

-= that ia bwend in axlstaDce 
I -n Un thBt u by appancoo. f^jn 

: lafnxtuiiiB maktth anoon 
IsoWB tliy freandu tro tby foon, 
! ' sxparianco. right M it is ; 
7^-1 vhich i« more to prajve, jr-wis, 
.j:ui -^ — **^'*»* ricbeaaB and trflsoar ; 
' T mora ■t^ioth profit and nlooc 5556 
i iitrta, and sncli adverdtas, 
hfon tluui doth prosperitM ; 
r 4 tlia tooa yaretb ooniiaiuiee. 
v^i Lba totbar ienoraimea. 5^60 

And Uina in poveite ii in deda 
Tr^Uin doolarcd rra falieliedo ; 
F'-f raynl* (rendii it wol decUie. 
Ami traw* alvi, what wey they fare. 
Fnr stian he na in bia richaus, 5565 
I Tkm fraasdii, fnl of doDblanssac, 

IOftiit Um in aauy wyw 
Bart and body, and ■ervjv!. 
Wka* valda ha Ihao ba fyora to lia 

Tn knoimii opanlf bar thonght, ^70 

I ijt ha no* liath ao derlr Ken ? 
n.1 laMB hJol^ii ^'' shnlde bava boea 
<.Lil b:* badd* tlian pcrooyvod it, 
Bit ilcluBaa aold nut Ute liim wit. 
Wtl nan ««BKntaca doth him than, 5575 
atb that It nakith him a yiye mui, 
1W pcM viaehMf that ho ireoTveth, 
nan dad riohono that him dercj-vetb. 
■■ rtc^a ne makith Qoaght 

' ,ia thoaght ; 

in habnndaaDce i 


a lire riciiely. 
h [bnt| michM tTBTns. 
]C< f Bion] Talaa in hii dameigno, $581 
linrtfa man at Me, and mine ia liobe, 
Than da*lihallu(tia(*D]Ghiehe, 
Aad In Ua baai bath, nth to aern, 
ia htwdrad fmiirli of wheta gnjn, (,«> 
Tkoosk ha ba efaapatan or marchannt, 
And baT* <rf gDlda manr bMaont. 
IW In tb« tatinc ha bath mcb wo, 
iad in ilw bvloc dnda alao. 

bia gTedin»>o. ^^H 

Bat tbe povre that raccbith nonght, J^^| 
Save of bis lyflode, in his thongbt, j^| 
Wbicb that be g«titb witb bis travaih], 
He dredith nongbt that it shal faile, 
Tbougb bo have Ijtol worldis good, j&is 
Meto and drinke, and esy food, 
Upon bia travel and .living. 
And also vofflaaont olotbing. 
Or if in aykneua that ha fallc. 
And lotba nicta and drink witballi?. fbin 
Tbongb ha havo nongbt, bJa mete to hj; 
Be Bhal bitbinke blm baatal]', 
Topnttobimoat of aldsnnger. 
That bo of mela hath do miator ; 
Or tbat bo may with litel eko 5111s 

Be fuunden, wbjl that be ia selte ; 
Or that man shnl bim f bete in halt, 
To live, til bia lykneus be t>aat, 
To aomme moyaondows bi«ydo ; gdi^ 

He caat nought what shal liim bitydt^ _ 
Ho tbenkitb nonght U 
Into any syknesso fUli 

' And tbougb it fallc, as it may ba,. J 
That al betyme iparo thai ba 
Ai moobel al ihiil tn bim laffyQC, 
Whyl be U ayko in nay wyae. 
Ho doth [it], for tbat bo wol bu 

WithoQto node of any man. 
tto miDbo in lital have be cui. 
Ho ia apayed with bia fortune i 
And for be nil be importono 
Unto no wigbt, no onoroua. 
Nor of liir goodea ooyeitoui ; 
Therfore bo ajiaretb, it may wal bean, J 
Hia pore eitat for to 
•Orif bimlmt n< 
But Bnfirilb forth, M nongbt do wM«y 4 
Alio laat it bnpnetb, na It may, 
Kigbt unto lua Uste dm; 
And tiaketb tbo world u it wolda I 
Fur ever in herte tbenkitb he. 
The saner that [tbej death bim alu. 
To paradys the aoner go 
Ha ibal, there for lo Iiva in bliah!, 
Wbero that he abal no good miias. 
Tliider ha hopith god ebal him ainda I] 

Pictagoias ►'■""■"'*' rehenaa. 

Z^t (Bonwuni of tjle dtosc 


lu n l«ok that tlio tSoMon Yorees 

Of the hoDormblo diE«e :^ — 

" Thttii, whan thou pwt thy body fro, 

Free m (he eir thou ahalt op go, 


ren nl ban 
Tely li™ i 

a deitt 

It lor 

Who-90 tlmt wolde tr»calnl«ii iU 
If lie bo oich that con wal liro 
Ailir his ronto may him yivo, 
And not deayroth moro to htiVB, 
That may fro pflvertee him save : 5 
A vjB mnc soldo, 03 we may Been, 
In no man irrvfchftd, but be it Webd, 
Ho he kin^;, knight, of riband. 
And Bmny n rihiiad ia mery and band. 
That sn-inHth, and berith, botho day 1 

That it qnik brenDeth [moTD] to got, 5700 
Ne never ahal ■femmgh have getdn ; 
Thaagh ho have gold in gemers yotan, 
For to be nedy he dreditb sore. 
Whorforo Ui g«ten more and more 
He set hia herte and hia dssiro ; 5705 

So bote ho bronnilli in tbe fito 
Ofcoveltini, that mahil.h him wood 
To pnrclmge other monnes good. 
He andirfon^th a ^et peyno. 
That nndirtakith to drinks up Soyno ; 
For tbo more ho drinklth, ny 571 1 

Tho moro ho Isveth, the soth to say. 
fTliis is the thurst offals geting. 
That lost ever in cov«iting, 
And the angniasbe and distresae 5715 
With the Are of gredinene. 
Hho flgbtoth with him sy, and stryveth, 
Tliat bis herte asondre ryveth ; 
Sitcb gredinesSB him assaylith, 
Tbat whanhe moat hath, moat he laylitb. 
' PbigieioQS (ind advocates J7J1 

Qon right by tho samo jtW*» ; 
Thoy eello hir acienoo fiir winoinii', 
And hnnnt« hir crafts for greot gating. 
"■ ■ ■ iaofan ■ 


Z$i (EtOttMtttU of i$< $0M. 


[far] reynglorief 
iad tiw i ai ' d god haw no memorie, 
litteih as ypooritM tzaoe, 
Aid to bar moIm deth puix^iaoe, 
Aad oBfewBxd -ffhewien liolyneMe, 5755 
Umb^ tlMj be ftille of oiursldnosBe. 
Xoi lieha to tlio apostlet twelve, 
Tbtj di&otjv other and hem-eelye ; 
Vsjied ia tha gjier than. 
For pnehiag of a enned man, 5760 

Umb^ [it] to other may profyte, 
HiB^lf avaOath not a myte ; 
For oft good predioacioiin 
Oneth of etval enteneioan. 
To Um not Tailith his preohing, 5765 
Al helpe ha other with his teching ; 
For where they good ensanmple take, 
Thtm ia he with veynglorie shake. 

'But lat na leven these preohoores, 
And ipeke of hem that in her tonres 5770 
Htpe ap her gold, and faste shette, 
And sore theron her herte sette. 
Tb«y neither love god, ne drede 
They ktpe more than it is nede, 
And in her hagges sore it binde, 5775 

Oat of the aonne, and of the windo ; 
Thtj potte op more than nede ware, 
Whan they seen pore folk forfkro, 
For hnnger dye, and for cold qnake ; 
God can wel Tengeannee therof take. 5780 
flhree gret mischeves hem assailith, 
And thus in gadring ay travaylith ; 

With moche pesnie they winno rinhesso ; 

And drede hem holdith in distresBe, 

To kepe that they gadre faste ; 5785 

With Borwe they leve it at the laste ; 

With sorwe they bothe dye and live. 

That fto richesse her hertis yive. 

And in de&nte of love it is, 

As it shewith fhl wel, y-wis. 5790 

For if these gredy, the sothe to soyn, 

Loveden, and were loved agesm. 

And good love regned over-alle, 

Suoh wikkidnesse ne shnlde falle ; 

Bat he shnlde yeve Ihat most good had 

To hom that weren in nede bistad, 5796 

And live withonte fals nstiro, 

For charitee fvl clone and pure. 

If they hem yovo to goodnesse. 

Defending hem from ydelnesse, 5800 

In al this world than pore noon 

We shnlde finde, I trowo, not oon. 

Bnt channged is this world unstable ; 

For lovo is over-al vendablo. 

We SCO that no man loveth now 5805 

' Bat for winning and for prow ; 
And love is thralled in serfage 

I AMian it is sold for avaontage ; 
Yit wommen wol hir bodies sello ; 581)9 
Sache sooles goth to the dovel of hollo.' 

[Here ends 1. 5170 q/ the F. text. A 
great gap follows. The next line an- 
swers to 1. 10717 cf the same.] 


Whan Love had told hem his entente, 

Th« baronage to conncel wonte ; 

Ir. many sentences they fille, 

Aiid •l>-\-orsly they seide hir willo : 

Bat atlir discord they accorded, 5815 

And hir accord to Love recorded. 

' Sir/ seiden they, * wo been at oon, 

By even accord of evericboon, 

Chit>take Richesse al-only, 

That sworen hath fhl hanteynly, 5820 

That she the castel fnil assailo, 

X^ smyte a stroke in this batailc, 

With dart, na maosr spere, ne knyf, 

For man that si>ekoth or boreth the lyf, 

And blametli your cmpryso, y-wis, ^^2$ 

And from our boost departod is, 

(At Iccflto wfy, as In this pljiie,) 

S<i hath she this man in diHio-to ; 

For she seith he no loved hir never. 

And therfor she wol liato him over. 5850 

For ho wol ga<lro no trosore. 

Ho hiith hir wrath for evermore. 

Ho afi:ilte hir novcr in other caas, 

I», hero al hoolly his trcsiMis ! 

She soith wol, that this other day 5835 

Ho asked hir leve to goon the way 


Tlijit ifl clepid To-moche-Yeviiig^ 

And gpak ftil fure in hii praying ; 

But whan ha pnyde liir, pore wtm he, 

Therforo«hBwamed.liim the entree. 5840 

Ko yit ia he not thrlTen to 

ThRt ho hath ^ten & peny or two, 

That qaiUy is bis owne in hold. 

Thng hath Bicheaao na alls told ; 

And whan fiichene na this recorded, 3845 

Withoatea hir ve been aa^arded. 

' And we £iide in onr nccordannce, 
That FsJae-Semblant and Abstinaonce, 
With hIIh the folk of hlr hnlaUa, 
Shullo at tho hinder gate aasayle, s^sf* 
That Wikkid-Tonge hath in kepinSi 
With hia Normsna, fulle of JoDgling. 
And with hem Cortesie and l/ageaae. 
That shnlls shewn hir haidinesM 
To tOie olds wyf that f kepeth f» horde 
yair-Welcomiog within hor worde. 5856 
Than !hal Ddyte and Wel-Hetinse 
Foode Shame adoua to brin^ ; 
With ol lilr beoBt. eily and late, 
They shtillu assaileu fthilko gat«. ;Ste 
Aeoynes Drede shol Hordinesaa 
AsBayle, and alao Siher' 

Z^t (^omaunf of t^t (gtosc. 

For who that dredaCfa aire no dams 

Shal it abye in body or name. 

And, natheles, yit conne wo 

Sends after hir, if nede be ; 5890 

And were ahe nigb, ahe comen wolde, 

I trowe that no-thing might hir holds. 

' Uy model ia of greet prowoaae ; 
She hath tan many a fortereaae, 
That coet hath many a ponnd er t.hia, JS95 
Ther I naa not present, y-wis ; 
And yit men seidc it vas my dede ; 
Bat I oome never in that (tede ; 
He me ae lyketh, so moM I thee, 
Sacli ttonros take withirate me. S900 

For-why me tbeoketh that, in no wyse, 
It may ben cleped bnt maTchandise. 

' Go bye a, oonreor, Uok or whyte, 
And pay therfor ; tlmn art thon quyto, 
Tho ronrchoant owoth thee right nonght, 
Ne thou him, whan thon [ha»t] it bonght. 
I wol not selling clopo yovicg, J907 

Fnr selling oxcth no gnerdoning ; 
Here lytb no thank, ne no meryte. 
That oon goth from that other al qoyte. 
Bat thia soiling ia not sombSabia ; ss' ' 
For, whan his hots ia in tho staUo, 

Zit l^etRAHtif of tit (Bo«t. 

m tbay bya inch thing wilTollr. 
M th«T ten bar good ffUly. 

p(lM la iwitiHr to fool ns 11706, 
a hi* of lioh 7700. 
I abml pn; 

n Pvirtrtc pat him la distrene, 
t: ■0e ha MyilertD BiiJiBUe. sOS" 

^y^i it for m» in gnt jreming, 
Ulaii tbo »mmtttb to mr vdlUsg. 

f'BM, [tqr] hqt model tomt Venna, 
Jli4 fay Ur fhdcr Satomiu, 
Dm Mr •osradrid by hi« Iff , r,S5 

Bu not npim bi* w«dded v^f ■ 
til will I mora unto yon iweif, 
Tt nuka UUa tlung the pdorere ; 
N'i>« bjr (hat faith, and that flamt^e 
■ I -rwrn to ali» mr brBthren free, fg6o 

Ot »Uoh llxr nia wi^bt oniler heraii 
r^at ean har E^m nunca neven. 
^ iljTsn ud BO maor ther be 
Thai iriUi my moder have ba privee I 
Yit vohU t awua, tor sikeniBUe, 5965 
Tha pola ctf ball* to my witnene, 
X-rer djiake I not thia year darroe, 
U Out I l^e, tn- f onwDni b< I 
Vor of Itia goddca the nMga ia, 
TLat shf^ao him fbmwreth amia» S97° 
"ial thai year drinko no otarros). 
So^ l^vv I attum y-nongh. pardf>e ; 
I f f fomtvni me, than lun I lom, 
39i I vfkl nevsr b* fdirwom. 
Sith Biobiaaa hath ma loilod hare. 5975 
Slu dial alijr* that traapaa -Hara, 
W Uaato war, ^> (■'>a) Mr arma 
iCitb annl. ur apatrtb, or giaaime. 
ftfT oartaa, dth iho loreth not ma. 
Pen tkUlu tyma Ihat >b« ma; sea 51^ 
Tha oaalal and the tour to-ahaka, 
la turr tyma aha abal awikke. 
I r I majr grypa a rirbe num, 
I ifcal aa pnlla him, if I ciui, 
Thai ha itial, in a fewe itotuidea, fi^a 
taM alia bii mtu-luia and hia poondai. 
! (hal him make hii pen) ootalism 
BhHH] •fcay tn bU gamar aprlnga ; 

That h 

Anil make bim aalle bii lond to apon 

Bnt ho tho bat oonna him defondo. 

' Poro man han maad hir lord of a 
Although Ibey not so mighly be, 
Thiit ther mar ■'^e me in delyt, 
1 W0I not have hem in deapyt. 
No good man hateth hem, aa I gene 
For chinche asd felotm is Bichaiae, 
That eo can cbsae hem and diapyaa, 
And hem defmlo in amidiy wyaa. 
Thoy lovcn ful bet, aa god me epeda, 
Than doth tho riche, chinchy tgnadi 
And been, in good feith, more atahle 
And trewer, and more iBrviable ; 
And therfnre It nffyseth me 
Hir gonde berta. and hir floantae. 
Tboy ban on ma aet a] hir thought, 
And tborfore I forgsts hem nooght. 
I -f-wolde hem bringe in greet noblsai 
If that I were god of Sioheaae, 
As 1 am god of Lore, aothJy, 
Such rontbe npon hir pleynt have L 

That pcrueth him to acrvon me ; 
For if bo deyde for love of tbia, 
Than aeneth in mo no love thor la.* 

' Sir,' aside they, ' aootb is, evciy d*^Jl| 
That ya refaeroe, and we wot Wei 
Thilk oth to holde ia reaonabU ; 
For it ia good and covenable. 

For, air, tbia wot wo wel Mfon ; 
If richo men doon yon homage, 
niat ia aa fooUa doon ontrage ; 
Bat ye ahnl not fiiraworen be, 
Ne let thorfore to drinke ctafrae. 



h popir 1 


lAdyea ahulte 1 

If that they &Ue into hir Uaa, 

That they for wo mowo aeyn ' Allaa ! * 

Iddr*^ abnln erer ao enrtaia bc^ Ca^ 

That they aha] qoyto your nth al Fna. 

Na aeksth nover other vicaire, 

For Ihoy ahal apeke with hem ao fklre 

That ye abal holdo yon payed ftil inl, 

Though ye yoo medio novur a del. tiogi 

Lat Ladiea worrbe with hir thingea, 

They thai hem telle ao f ela lydingM 


tit (ftmnaunf of (Ik (goee. 


By flatery. that not lioneit u, fota 

AdiI tharto yeve hem mcb thmikingaa, 
Whkt with kinlDK, anil with talkingea, 
Tint oortea, if they trowed bo, 
She] never love ham innd no fee 
That it nil m the moeble faro. 60*5 

Of which they fint delivered bj%. 
Now nmy ya telle oa al your vrille, 
And wa your hestna abal falfiUe. 

■ But Fala-^mblBUt dor not, for drede 
Of you, sir, medle him of thta dedQ, &>;» 
Pot ho soith that ye bwn hii fo ; 
Ho not, if yo wol worcho him wo. 
Wherfore we f'sy yoa alio, bean-sire, 
That yo forgive him now yonr ire, 
And that be may dwelle, oi yonr man, 
With Abatlnance, hij dein lemman ; 6056 
Thia our aooorii ami onr wil now.' 

' Parfhy,' (aide Love, ' I graonlfl it yow ; 
I wol wol holds bi"! for my man ; (os^ 
Vow lat him come:' and ho forth ran. 
' Fala-Bernl Jant,' quod Lore, 'in thi^wyw 
I take thoo hero to my florvyss^ 
That thon onr freendia belpo alway, 
And ■(■'''''*'* txaa neither nlglit no day, 
But do thy might hom to relevo, 606.! 
And eek onr cnomiee that thon preve. 
Thj-n be thle might, I grannt it tliea, 
Uy king of harlotes sbolt thou be ; 
Wo wol that thou have such honour. 
Certeyn, thon art a falB tniit'iar, 607a 
And eok atheef ; dth tlion were bom, 
A thousand tymo thon art forsworn. 
Bnt, natholss, in our boring, 
To imtto our folk out of douting. 
I bid thee teche hem, woetow how ? £075 
fiy oommo ^enorml ^gne now. 
In what jdace thou dialt founden be, 
If that men had mister of Iheo ; 
And how men ehal thee beat oHpyo, 
Forthoetoknowoiagroetmaiitrj-o ; 6080 
Tel in wliat plaoo ia thyn haunting. ' 

F.Sen. 'Sir, Ihavafolodyveniwoning, 
Tbat I kepo not rehcrsed bo. 
So that j-o vroldo reaps-Wn mo. 
For if that I tallo yon the sotho, 60S5 
I may havo harm and shame bothe. 
If that my folowea wiiton it, 
My talai ibalden me be qnit ; 
For oarieyn, they vwlde hate roe. 
If Bvar 1 knewe hir oinelte ; 6ogo 


For they wolde ovar^ holds hem stiUe 

Of tTonCbe that is ageyn hir wilLe ; 

Suche tales kepen tbey not here. 

1 might eftscine bye it fU dere, 

If I aside of hem any thing, 6ag5 

That ought displeseth to hir hering. 

For what word that ham prikke orhyteth, . 

Id that word noon of hem delyteth, 

Al were it gospel, the evaagyle, 

That wolda reprove faem of hir gyle, (ina 

For thay are oruel and hautoyn. 

And Ihia thing wot I wol, cArt«yn, 

If I gpeke onght to peiro hir loos. 

Tour court sbal not m wel be oloos, 

That they no ehal wjl« it atta last. 6u^ 

Of good men am I nooght agast. 

For Ihey wol taken on hem no-thing. 

Whan that they knowe al my moning; 

Bat be that wol it on biTn take. 

He wol himself suspeciona make, 6110 

That ho hifl lyf let oovertly, 

In Gyle and in Ipooriay, 

That me engendrod and faf fiwtring.' 

' Tbey made a ftd good engondring,' 
Quod Lovo, ' for whojo aootJily toUo, 6115 
They ongondrod the devol of helle ! 

■ Bnt ncdely, how-so^var it be,' 
Quod Love, ' I wol and charge thee, 
Tu tolie anoon thy woning-plaoei, 
Bering ach wigbt that in this place is ; 
And what Ij'f that thon Ilvert alM, 6111 
Hyde It no lenger miw ; wberto ? 
Thon most disoovar al thy wurehing. 
How thou servest, and of what thing, 
Thongh that than sholdest for thy aoth- 

Bon al to-l)eton and t.>.drawo : 
And yit art thon not wunt. purdee. 
Dat catboles, though thon boton be, 
Tlinn shalt not bo tho Rnit, that so 
Hath for soth-sawo suffrwi wo.' 6i,w 

F. Sem. > Sir, slth that it may lykan 

Though that I shnlde be alayn right now, 

I ahal don your conumudement, 

For thorto hays I giet talant.' 61^ 

Withonten wordea mo, right than, 
Fala-Semblout his sennoo bigan, 
And seide hem tbns in audience : — 
- BnronnB. tak liede of my sentence I 
That wigbt that list to have knowlDg 

Zit (Bomaunf of f$e (R«se. 

JUant, ftti uf fiutaring. 
iraiiill; fulk him Beko. 
i Id the oloiitra eke ; 

re bat in hem twe ye ; 

m. soath to sajre : 
Rtl hvbsrwe me 

la hnlitred bs ; 
Jy, likereat bydicg 

Lmliliwt ulathibff. 
I falk ben ful oorert ; 

Ul that ever Ihey go : 
niUft. anil Ireva kIbo, 
jou, QD iliipyH. 
M it, ia no tiyee, 
lb nlviona, 
'wn, knd nutliciuoB ; 
« an kbit go. 
^li hir herte tberUi, 
) folk ben ai jiibiiu ; 
■M Men Don diqiitoiu. 
10 ftydbi no no nLrTt, 

MakuCh gode men of religiouu. 

heloane, thor oan noon anaworo, 6195 
How high that ever his heed he slii^re 
With raBour whetted never ao keno. 

It Qylfl in lirBoni^hBa cut thrlttsne ; 
Ther oan no wi^ht disLincte it so, 

lat be dar aey a vord thert^. fixn 

' Bat what herberwe that ever 1 tAko, 
' what Bcmblant that ever I make, 
neui bat gyle, Uli) folowe that ; 
■r right no mo tban Oibba onr cat 
l+Fro myoo and raCtea went hie ivyle], 

"I [notj bat to +bogyU ; 6306 


If wdI lede hir lyf ; 

■tpwpoae that I lake. 

Uut ovar I make. 6130 
n that laoade be, 
! «7l<a anci aobtelte ; 
to of tbia mtld caveyten, 

io«pIeytan; 6174 
id gulran Kimt iiitannoH, 

'w ai»)QeyDtauiloe* 
i mJ(hljp lyf may ImIbq ; 
Mm pore, and bun-seU fedan 
Boraola dalielMU, 
. (ood njm prMoDiis. 6iBo 
H VOMrt and diitt 

t olatw nligiano went i I 
lb* WDsId an argmnaul 
I fool eonelaaiaan. 

M of nUxioon, 
d raligioaa :" 

il l« aJ rvicomu ; t 

ly clot] 

T by my wordiB yet, pordee, 
solte and ao plasaiuiC they be. Cito 
bold the dede* that I do 1 
It tbon be blind, then onghtait so ; 
>r, varie hir vordia fro hir dHde, 

They ihenke on gjle, Tjthinit(«D] drede, 

What maner clothing that tbey were, 

t estat that ever thoy bere, 6jtC 
LeiwI or lewd, lord or lady. 
Kiiigbt, aqiiier, bnrBBia, or bayly." 
Sight thoB wbyl Fola-SemUant ni^ 
EftsoDoa Love bim oreaoiiotb, 6jjh 

And brak hia tale in the epekios 
I though he h»l him told luine I 
nd Boide : ' What, devol, in that 1 herp? 
What folk hast tboa ni notnpned hen} 

i Budu roUgioon 6i]i 

In worldly hahilacioun ? ' 
F. Sem. ' Yc, air ; it folowcth not that 

Bhulde lade a trikked lyf, jiarfey, 

not therfors her aoolea lase. 
That hem 10 worldly clothea cbeao ; «>«> 
For, eert«a, it were gret pitoe. 
Hon may in •oonler clolhte m» 
Floriashen holy religionn. 
Fnl many a aeynt in fneU and toun. 
With many a virgin glirioiiB, bits 

Devout, and nil rvligiuna, 
Had deyed, that -|vomiin plotha ay beran, 

1 aeynt** never-tbe-Ie* they weran. 

unde rekui yon many a ten : 

Z^ (§.omAimt of f$e $est. 

yei uigh Hlle these Luly 1^ 

SQkc, G. 

9, and thoBB wyvr 
lojif a fair child lieco, 
V'ured olwey cloth ii locTxlere, 

I !□ the anmD d^dan they, 6145 

Lt leyiitQa woren, and boon ^vsj, 
lie eleven tUnnBimd maddens dare, 
bat beren in hcyea hir eioi-ees olare, 

vbich men reila in chirche, and Binge, 
Vero take in soculer olotliine, eijo 

Vhan they rcMeyred martirdom, 

rood herto makolh the gode thought ; 

le clothing yeveth ae revath nonght. 

le gode thought and the worobing, 615s 

lat moketh -^Teligiaun flowti]:]g, 
'her lyth the good religloan 
.f^r the right eatuncionn. 

' Wbo-ao toko a. wetbera akin, 
jid wrapped a gredy wolf thorin, 6160 
'or ho Bbulde go vitli laniboa whyte, 
Vonast thon not ho wolde hem byte ? 
'i< ! never-the-laBT aa ba wore wood, 
la woldo hem niiiy, and driuko the 

Ind wel tha nkthoT hem diKsyve, 676s 

■■or, aith they ooade not peroeyve 

lia troget and bla crueltoe, 

rhey voldo lii" Mows, ol vrolda he flee, 

' If thar be wolvea ofdch hews 
^mongea theao apoatlia nave, £970 

rhoa, holy chirobe, tlioa mayab be n'kyled! 
litli that thy citeo ia oaaoylod 

Bv day stoffan tbey the wal, 

Nuy, thoQ fnxoat plonten ollea^vher 
Tbyn impea, if thon wolt frtiyt have ; 
Ahyd not there thy-self to eave. ' 

' Bat now peea t here I tnme ageyn ; 
I wol no more of tlds tbing 't'seyn, £196 
If I may paaoen me berby ; 
I mighto moken job wory. 
Bat I wol hoten you alway 
To bolpo yonr &eonde» whot I may, (ijoa 
So thoy wollen nay lompany ; 
For they be ahoat al-oaterly 
Bnt-ifsofalle, thatlbo 
Oft with ham, and they willi me. ' 

And oek my lemman mot they aeire, 6305 
Or they ahnl not my lave de>erre. 
Fonotbo, I un a bla troitoar ; 
Owl jogged me for a theef tricbonr ; 
Forsworn I am, bnt wel nygh non 
Wol of my gyle, til it be don. 6310 

' Thoxirgh me hath numy oon deth 


Thot my treget never aperoeyved ; 

And yit reaaoyreth, and ahal roa»a7V«i 

That my falaneaae tnever apan 

But wbD-M> doth, if ha wyi be, 

Him ie right good be war of me, 

Bat lo aligb ia the [fdooeyving 

That to hard ii the] apaneyving. 

Pot Protheoa, that oonda bim dwuigs 

In eraiy ahap, hoomly and Etramog*, d^n 

Condo never aicb gyle na treBOon 


t^ (giemavMi of (^ Q^oee. 


aolas «nd oompMij, (^340 

Bit hi^t dame fAbrtinenoe^troyned, 

' k mmaj a q[ii4jiit amy [y>f«yned. 

I«kt M it eometh to hir lyking, 

IMfilla al hir dMiring. 

fc uitjui a a womsuuifl doth take I ; 6345 

Xbv am I mayda, now lady. 

liwnijimi I am xeligioafl ; 

JEbw lyk an ankar in an hooi. 

Smtjina am Iprioreaie, 

lad now • nonna, and now abbene ; 6330 

And go thnzg^ alle regionna, 

S«king alia xaligioima. 

Bat to what oidve that I am awom, 

I taka the atrawe, and f lete the com ; 

To f Ujnda folk [thar] I onhabite, 6355 

I axe no-more bat hir abito. 

What wol ya more f in every wyae, 

Bight aa ma Uat, I me diigyse. 

Wei can I here me nnder weed ; 

Tnlyk ia my woxd to my deed. 6360 

Thna make I in my trappea fiille, 

Thargh my pryvflegea, alle 

That ben in Criatendom alyva 

I m^ aaeoile, and I may shiyve, 

Tliat no prelat may lette me, 6365 

Al fnlk, wher-erer they fonnde be : 

I noot no prdat may don so, 

Bnt it the pope be, and no mo. 

That made thilk eatabliaehing. 

Xiiw ia not thia a propre thing ? 6370 

Bnt. were my cleightee aperceyved, 

[>Xe aholde I more been reoeyved] 

.\ji I waa wont ; and woitow why ? 

For r dide hem a tregetiy ; 

Bat therof yeve I litel tale, 637s 

I hare the lilTer and the male ; 

So have I preched and eek ahriven, 

•^> have I take, eo have fmo yiven, 

Thnrgh hir foly, hnabond and wyf, 

That I le'le right a joly lyf, 6380 

Thargh iiimpleaeo of the prolacye ; 

Th^ know not al my tregetrye. 
* Bnt for as mocho as man and W3rf 

^hnl'i shewe hir paroche-preat hir lyf 

f>a*^ a jeer, as aeith the book, 6385 

Kr any wight his honsel took, 

Tlisn have I pryvileges large. 

That may of moche thing discharge ; 

F*»r ho may ueye rif^t thos, pardee : — 

' Sir Freest, in ihrift I telle it thee, ^390 

That he, to whom that I am shriven. 
Hath me aaaoiled, and me yiven 
Penannce soothly, for my sinne, 
Which that I fond me gilty inne ; 
Ne I ne have never entencionn 6395 

To make double oonfessioon, 
Ne reheree eft my shrift to thee ; 

shrift is right y-nongh to me. 
^lis onghte thee sofiyce wel, 

Ne be not rebel never-a-del ; 6400 

For oertes, thon^ thou haddest it sworn, 

1 wot no preat ne prelat bom 

That may to shrift eft me oonstreyne. 

And if they don, I wol me pleyne ; 

For I wot where to pleyne weL 6405 

Thou shalt not streyne me a del, 

Ne enforce me, ne fyit me trouble, 

To make my confossioun double. 

Ne I have none a£feccioun 

To have double absoluoioun. 6410 

The firste is right y-nough to me , 

This latter assoiling quyte I thee. 

I am unbounde ; what majrst thou findo 

More of my sinnes me to unbinde ? 

For he, that might hath in his hond, 6415 

Of alle my sinnes me unbond. 

And if thou wolt me thus constreyne, 

That mo mot nodis on thee pleyne. 

There shal no jugge imperial, 

Ne bisshop, ne official, 6420 

Don jugemont on mo ; for I 

Shal g^n and pleyne mc openly 

Unto my shrift-fador newe, 

(That hight not Frero Wolf tmtrewe !) 

And ho shal fcheviso him for me, 6425 

For I trowe he can hampre thee. 

But, lord ! he wolde be wrooth withallc, 

If men him wolde Frere Wolf callo ! 

For he wolde have no pacience. 

But don al cruel vengeaunce ! 6430 

lie wolde his might don at the loost, 

[Ne] no-thing spare for goddes hoest. 

And, god so wis be my socour, 

But thou yeve me my Saviour 

At Ester, whan it lykoth me, 6435 

Withoute prcsing more on thee, 

I wol forth, and to him goon. 

And he shal housol mc anoon, 

For I am out of thy grucching ; 

I kepe not dole with thee no-tliing.*' 6440 

Thus may he thryyo him, that forsakoUi 

78t (Stomouttt of i^t (^oBi. 

For how that I mo poror feyne. 

And ir the preit vol him refaaa. 

Tit lUlo pore folk I dudeyne. 


I am fol rody him to iiMUBe, 

' I love tbat the acqaeyntanncs 

And bim jioniaBhe bod bampre an, 


Ton tymes, of the king of Fiaunoo, 

That bo bU ohircho ahal forgo. 

Than of tporo man of mylde mode. 

' But who-w hath In hia feling 

Thoogb that bii lonla be also gad«. 

Tho eoQBBqncooe of mch Bhryving. 

For irhan I aee b^gera qnakiog, 


ShHlaecn that iircst ms; Dcvor bave might 

Naked on miiima al rtinking, 


For hnngre orye, and eek for care. 

Of him that it nndcr his enre. 

And tha agcyna holy Bcriptnra, 

They been ao pore, and fol of pyne, 

That biddoth ovary hordo honeato 

They might not oaea yo»o ma 1-dyne, 

Have vorry kuowing of hii beato. 

For they have no-thiog bnt hir lyf ; 

Bnt pora folk that goon by atrete, 


What aholde he yeyo that likketi hii 

That hnve no gold, no Bommea gret«, 


Han woldo I lote to hir prolate*, 

It it bnt (bly to ontrometo, 

Or lel« hir proates iBowB hir state*, 

To seke in hoondea neat fat mete. 

For to tno right Doogbt yeve they.' 

Let hero hom to the spital anoon, 


Amou)-. 'Ajidwhyfiait?' 

Bat, for me, comfort gete they noon. 

F.Sfm. 'ForthBynomay. 


They bon so bare, I take no keep ; 

Wolde I vigyt« sad drawe nare ; 

Bnt 1 vol have the fatto aheep ;— 

Him wol I comforte and tehot*. 

lut parish proitoa have the lene, 

Far I hop« of his gold to g^t«. 


1 yeve not of hir harm a bene ! 

And if that wikked deth him have, 

Add if that pretaU graoohen it, 


I wol go witli him to hia grave. 

That onehten fwroth bo in Mr wit, 

And if ther any reprove me, 

To lew her fatte beslea ao. 

Wbv tbat I lote the Dore bo. 

1 t$t (B^mMud tf 4t (B^tfL 


>* 1*>wi^Nr ^"^ v •■••% 

And god to nvvwi anioMb 


[ lylkk waKdUmI«f«r«iMo 

n«i ha aa abal, aa moAa I go^ 

h 1m aJf • BilehMv 

With pvopra hoBdaa and bo4y alao^ 


OaU hia Ibdd in lalMci]^ 


If ha aa haifa propratoa of thing; 

vritan in no Iwiiw^ 

Tit dnilda ha aaDa al hb aBfaatBOBM 


In OPT OriitMi lay-- ^l5i5 

And with hb awink hMra aaataoMii 


y«,' I darnif ' nay >- 

If ha ba parflt in baoBtaa. 

• hif apottlM dtra^ 

ThxtM ban tho bookaa tolda ma : 

M|f inlkads in crtlM ]i«% 

Vor ha thaii wol gon jdiU/, 

iMn iMor brad iMcginff, 



to bimn lhrao4hing. ^599 

Tohanntan nihig nannaa taMf. 

w w* man iront to ttolit ; 

Ha ia n tcaehonr, iU of flAla ; 

■jM ipolds it praeh* 

Ka ha aa maj, bj goda raaoan, 


Bwiiaa him b|y hia CHriaann« 



nipolds th«r«^jn appoM 

fSomp^yma lavan goddaa asiyaa 

Kfti and ]0ie tha ^OMk €556 

To gon and pnmhaaan har nadaw 


Man mota atoB, thaii ia no drada, 

fiPtl iha aotha oea, 

And dapa, and aak do othar thinf ; 

Umj mii^ie aan a iidng 

80 longa maj thay lava pcajlng; 


1, irithoat begging. 61560 

80 may tfaay aak liir prayar Uinna, 

«n goddaa beidea danii 

Wbila thai they warka, bir mata to winnai 

loiilaa baddan herei 

Saynt Austin ivol tbarto aeoorda, 

to-thing begge hir fode ; 

In thilke book tbat I reoorda. 

isi waa don on rodo, 


ropra bondea thvj -wronght, 

Hath thus forboden, hy olda dawaa, 

itbI, and ellea nongbt, €1566 

I all bir anatenaiince. 

Mighty of body, to beggo hia braadf 

Ibrtb in bir penaimoe, 

If be may swinka, it for to gata ; 

» ffolk alwey. 6570 

Or doon of bim apart jnstioe, 


Than snfE^en bim in snoh maUoa." 

Tbay don not wel, ao mota I go^ 

in, tbat can and may, 

bis bonde and body alway 

But if they bava aom privalaga, 


bia food in laboring, 65^ 

Tliat of the payne ham ifol allaga. 

But bow tbat is, can I not aaa, 


Bnt-if tba prinoa diaaayvad ba ; 

aiTcn coriona 

Ne I na wane not, aikarly. 

e don, or do treqpaa, 

That they may bava it rigbtftdly. 


n oerteyn caa, €580 

But I wol not detarmyna 

Of prinoea power, ne deiyna, 

rban tba tyma I see. 

Na hy my word oompranda, y-wia, 

If it so far may streoobe in this. 

IT or perobamin, 6^ 

I wol not antremete a del ; 


writ of tbeae worcbingea, 

But I trowe tbat the book aaith wal, 

Ban tbat non ezeosingaa 

Who tbat takath almeaaaa, that ba 

i ne ibnlde leke 

Dawe to folk tbat man may sea 

la I7 dadea eka, 

Lame, febla, waiy, and bare, 


Pore, or in iooh manar aarai 


D a 

^U dtomaunt ef tje Sloec. 

(That conne winno liem neTormo, 

For they have no power thertol, 

He eteth hiB owne dampning'^ 

Bat-if ha lye, that made ol tbrng. 

Anil ifyetumh a trnannt, 66+j 

Chastiao him we!, if yo bo kindo. 

And. if ;o fillen la bir Isaa, 

Tbey walde eftsonss do yon aoithe. 

If tliat they mighte. Into or ratho ; 66sa 

For they l» not fnl pacient, 

Tliat ban tbo world tbns fonla blent 

And ndtetb wel, [wber) tliat god bad 

The pood man soUe al that he hiul, 

And fiilowo bim, and to poro it yi™, 6655 

Bo wolde not therfure that be live 

Bnt ba bad wirken whan that neda ia. 
And fulwo bim in goode dedes. GGGo 

Seynt Ponlo, that loved nl holy ohirobe. 
Be bade th'apostlea for td wirche. 
And winren hir lyflodo in that wjm, 
And bum defended tmnnndyBe, 6664 

And scide, ^'Wirketb witbyonrhonden ;" 
Thns abaldo tbo thing be nndei 

Amour. ' And how f 

F. Sen. • Sir, I wol gladly telle yow :— 
tynt Austin Beith, a man may be 66gi 
1 hanseB that ban proprateo, 
i tomplers and hoapitelers, 
nd aB these ohaDOiuui recolera. 
r whyte monbes, or tbeao blake — 66115 
wo1e no mo eniuaplefl moke)—' 
And take therof hia SBstening, 
For therinOD lytb no begging ; 

weyea not, y-wia, 
fTif Austin gabbeth not of thii. 6pK- 

And yit fnl many a monk labonroth, 
That god in holy ehirche hosonreth ; 
For wban bir awinklng ia ogoon, 
They rede rmd singe in ehirche anooQ. 

^ And for tber hath ben greet diffconl. 
As many B wight may here reoord, OjriC 
Upon the estate of fdendience, 
"1 yonr pre»oncc, 
Telia bow a man may begge at nedo. 
That bath netwberwitb bim to fede^ 6711: 
Uangro hia fnlonei jangelingst. 
For sathfastDease vol non hidiugea ; 
And yit. x>erma, I iruiy nbeye 
~ yow Bothly tl 

Z$i (S-^maiunt of t|l« (ftese. 


For laboni might me nerer pine, 


I have more wil to been at OM ; 

boar wol not Mqnyt* 

And have wol lerer, »e»th to eey, 


Bifore the pnple patre and prVi 


And wrje mo in my foxeiyo 


dora he may go tracs, 


Qnod Love, ' What deyel U thJi I hereP 

I woIdB undartakB 

What wordee tellest Ihoa ma hare t 

w for to make. 

F.Stm. 'Wbat.dr?' 


Amour. ' Falmene, that apert ii ; 


umM or IsttroiB, 

F. Sim. No, coTtM : 



For letde in greet thing ehal he apedo 

10 pore bo. 

In thij world, that god wol drede. 

ii* bi«g«! til thmt he 

For folk that tern to yertn yiven, 

a tnmthe tor to ■winho, 


And truly on her owne liven, 

im clothe{4 metfl, ud diinke. 



On ham ii litel thrift y-aano ; 


Soob folk diinkon grot miaeu; 

That lyf [ne] may me never pIoml 


Bnt eee what gold ban neurars. 

[ge, H I telle jou here, 

And silver eok in [hir} gamera. 


Taylsgiers, and these monyoura, 

. Seynt Amonr woldo preche, 

jlde duipote and toche 

Theae liven wel nygh by ravyne ; 

«roaUB openly 


The amale pnplo hem mate enclyne 

And they aa wolvee wol hem eten. 


od mj »nle ble»e, 

Upon the pore folk they getan 

Ful moehe of that tbcy epende or kepe ; 


Nia none of hem that he nil atrepe, 

pnpU, aa gemeth me. 


And twryen him-eelf wel atto ftUle 

num onghte it to refnss, 

Withontje] icalding they hem pulle. 



The stronge the feble ovargoth ; 

lyr biythe «bo-H be ; 

But I, that were my .Lmplo cloth, 

peke, and telle it tbee, 

dye, audbepntdoun, 


And gyle tgyled and gylonrt. 

It Ponl, in derk priaoon 

By mj treget, I gadre and threite 



The greet treaonr into my cbeate. 

g, — maicter WiUiam vaa, 

That lyib with me bo faate bonnde. 

Oder Ypocriayo 

Uyn highe paleya do I founde, 

for hir greet envye. 


And my delytee I fuMlle 

er flemed him. Seynt Amour : 

With wyne at feeate* at my willo, 


dide niGh labour 

And tablea fUle of ontromeea ; 

. aver the loyaltee. 

I wol no lyf, bat e» and peea, 

And winno gold to apende alao. 

book, and loet it wrylo, 


For whan the grelo begge is go, 

1 lyf he dide ttl wryte, 

It Cometh right [eft] with my japea. 


icb reoeyod begging, 

Hake I not wel tumble myn ape< ? 


To winne ij alwey myn entent ; 

My purchaa la better than my rent 

iBd he that I were wood 


For thoogh I ahulde beten be. 

Zit Q^omdunf of t$t (Boe«- 

or nl the worlde care bare I 
It) breda nod lengUio ; boldely 

q1 bothQ preclio uid eek eoanceileti ; 



With bonilea irilla : 
Foe of the pope I h&TO tbs liotle ; 
I na holds noC my witt«a dolte. 
I wol not (tinton, in my lyre, 
Theaa cmperoares for to obryve, 6850 

Or kynges, dulcst, and lordes gTet« ; 
Bat pora folk tl qoyta I lata. 
I lore 00 such elUTrint;. pocdes. 
Bot it for other oamo ba. 
I mike not of poro raon, 68S5 

Bir uUto is not wotth ui hflo. 
Wliero fyndiwt thon a swinkar of labour 


Tbisa qnenn, mad sek (thise] (wnnCeasos, 
Kiiu abbonei. and eek Bigynt, 086 

Tbew gTBt* ladyea pklogynj, 
ThsH joly kntghtea, uid buUyrsB, 
Hum UDiuies, and tbise burgeii wyvea, 
Th«t rioba been, md eek pleusg, 68£ 

Wber-ao they cl»d or naked be, 

Unoonnofliled ^otb ther noon fro me. 

And, for her lonleB lavstee, 

At lord and lady, and bir meynee, 6S7< 

I txa, irhan they hem to me ahij-re, 

The propretofl of ■! hir lyve. 

And make hem trowo, bothe meest djii 

Hir paroah'preat ma bnt a beest 
Ayens me and my oompany, 6X7 

That ibrevea been sa groet M I ; 
For whichB I wol not hyde in bold 

That t by word or eigne, y-wia. 
-{'Mil mote hem knows what it is, 6S9 
And thvy wolen also tellen ma ; 
Tbey bale fra mo do privitw. 
And for to make yow hem peroayvan. 
That Bsen Iblk tbos to disoeyren, 
I wol yon aeyD, witbonten drede, 6SB 
What man may in the goapel rede 
OTSej^t Uatbew, the gospelere, 
Thut Bsilb, as I sbul yon aey bers. 
* L'pon tbe chaire ot Muyaes— 

Thusi-itglosed, dontales: 6i 

For tberby is the ehaire ment- 

Sitlo Soriboa and Phari^ijen ;— 

That is to seyn, the onxwd man 

Whicbe that we ypocrites oallo— 6 

Doth that they precbe. I rede yon alls 

Bnt doth not as tbey don a del. 

That been not wery to seyo wol. 

But to do wel, no wiUeliave tbey; 

And they wolds binde on folk alwey, 

That ban to [be] b<«yled able. 6 

+Bnrdoos that ben importable ; 

On folkes shnldres thingea tbey ccmcli 

That they nU with bar flnerwi tonabei 

Amour, ' And why wol they not toa< 

F.Sem. ■Wbyf 6 

For hem ne list not, sikcrly ; 

Make falkes shnldres aken. 

And if they do onght that good bo. 

Tliat is for folk it abnldo see : 6 

Her +bordera larger makcn they, 

And loTaa Bates at the table, 

And for to han the flmt obaiores 6 

In synagogeB, t« hem tal dare ii 1 

And wiUen that folk ham loots and gn 

Whan that Ihoy paraen Ihnrgh the itn 

And wolen be eloped ' MaiBt«r ' alw. 

Bat thoy ne aboldo not willan ao ; 6 

That sheweth wal hir wikkidneMS. 

' Another coslom u» we :— 

Of ham that wol ayeng na be. 

Him that oon batath, hata wo mile, 

And conjecio how to doon him iUla. 

And if we asen bim winne booonr, 

Eiohesso or praya, thnrgh Ms TahioT, t 

PnrandD, rent, or diKnitse, 

By what ladder he is olomban so ; 

And for to maken him doon to go. 

Wilh tndsotm we wole him defame, t 

Thns from hiB ladder we bim lake, 

And IboB bis fVvendes foea we make ; 

«a] ft9i (BMMWf •f 1^ (EtMKC 


I iM wite dul 1m noon, 

Ihftt wol me xspreve or ehsslyss 1 


lis tendw bMn his limL 


But I wolds al Adk nndartahs, 


And of no wi^^t no teohing ti^ j 

ife hanrs blaas ndilj ; 

IVv I, that other Iblk ohsstys, 


Wol not be tanght £ro my ibiys. 

i him kNpft, bo* hs w* ajM. 

' 1 love noon hsnniUige mors ; 


Mr is «his, thiift, if 10 lUU 


AUe desertes, and holtes hors, 

r hs ooa aaionc vs aUe 

And gxete wodes svsiiohoon. 

hftfood tan, coiof disds^ 

I Iste hem to the Bsptist lohsn. 


ijr. thooili hs it ftgmsd, 

Of ISgipt al ths wildiznesM i 

Ao alls eiteos and goods tonnes. 

Os pscMDsa hs we, 

m Iblk, who^so ws go^ 

There men msy renne in openly, 

And ssy that I the world foTMhs. 


k> hsnrs of Bun pnjsiiig, 


But al amidde I bOde and make 

hsos^ thwi^ our flstering, 

My boos, and swimme and plsy thsrinne 

BMB, of cnl pcmstos, 

Bet than a ilsh dolh with his Anns. 

ko irifinise our IwimtM ; 

* Of Antsoristes men am I, 

USA tPHMth, ths4 msj OS ses, 

Of whiohe that Grist seith opsnly. 


> Tsrta in OS be. 


They have abit of bolinesie, 

igr pon ire ns f egmo ; 

And liven in saoh wikkednesM. 

so that we begge or pUjne, 

Outward, Ismlnen semen we, 

khelblk, vitboat lesiiig, 

FoUe of goodnesM snd of pitee, 

hing ham ivithont baTing. 


ire dred of the paple, y-wiSi 


Ben gredy wolves ravisaUe. 

□j my porpos is this :— > 

We enviroone bothe londe and see ; 

th no wight, but he 

d end tresoor gzet plentee ; 

We wol ordsTne of alle thing, 

syntsonee wel lore I ; 

Of folkes good, snd her living. 


loehe mj desyr, ihorUy. 


* If ther be oastel or citee 

ete me of brooages, 

Wherin that any bongerons be, 

lees end msrisgesi 

Although that they of Kilsyne were. 


dlj ezeontoor, 

For ther-of ben they blamed there : 

Or if a wight, oat of mesore. 


itjme mesmger ; 


Wolde lene bis gold, snd take nsnre 


For that he is io ooveitoos : 

ly lymes I make enqnestes ; 

Or if he be to lecoherons. 

hat oflioe not honest is ; 

Or fthefe, or baonte simonye ; 

Or provost, tdi of trechery e, 


me a gist lyking. 


Or prelat, living jolily. 

lat je have oo^t to do 

Or prest that hslt his qnene him by 



that I repeire to, 

Or olde bores hostileni, 

^»eden thoxgh mj wit, 

Or other bawdes or bordiUers, 

ks ye have told me it. 

Or eUes blamed of any vyoe, 


re serve me to pay, 


Of whiohe men ihnlden doon jostyos ; 

se shal be your alway. 

By alls the seyntes that we pray. 

•so wol chsstyse me, 

But they defende fhem with Ismprsy, 

ty love h)st hath he ; 

With Inoe, with eles, with samoons. 

« no man in no gyse, 

With tendre gees, and with capoons, 7010 



^2 ^c (Bomaune of *5e (|to8i. ifr«»..™ic. 

With tutea, or with fchossB taX, 

That kepeth the key of Criitendome, 

Witli doynto fluwnea, hrodo ftnd flat, 

fThe; had boui tormented, nUe and soma. 

With calewey., or with pullaille, 

Snohe heen tha minking Ifala] prophetifl ; 

With coningei, or with tyn vitailla, 

Nis uon of hem, that good prophstc is ; 

Thnt we, nnder oar tJothes wydo, 7045 

Forthey.thiirshwikkedenteneionn, 7=^5 

Maken thoxeh oar golet glfde : 

The year of the incamaoionn 

Or bat bo wol do come in haate 

A thooaand and two hundred year. 

Kcw-vtmisoiu. []->-bake in poBte : 

i>-v6 and fifty, forthor no ner, 

AVhether so that he looro or BroinB, 

Bronghten a book, with sory grace, 

He shal havo of a eordo a loigno, 7050 

To yeven ensample in Domane place, 71110 

With whiuha men ahal him binds and 

That seide thus, though it were liiUo ;— 


To brenno him fcr hia Binfiil dadB, 

That fro the Holy Ooost is sent" 

That mqn ahnllo hero him crye and rore 

Wei were it worth to ben [y>hrent 1 

A mjle-woy aboQto, and mora. 

EntiUed WM in moh manere 710J 

Or tUes be ahal in piisonn dye, 7055 

Thi. book, of which I telle hero. 

Thor nas no wight in al Paijs, 

Or Bmerten that that he hath do, 

Bifom Onr lady, at porvyB, 

+That ihej ne mighte byo the book. 

Bat, and he coathc thnrgh hia sleight 

fTo copy, if him talent toot 71,0 

Do maken -av a tour of height, 7060 

Thor might ho gee, by greet treaotm, 

Or erthe, or Imres thongb it be, 

" As mocho M, Xhoigh his grata might. 

Thongh it were of no vonnde Btono 


Wrought with aqnyra and seantikHB, 

The Bunno BOrmoiuitoth tho mone, 7115 

60 that the tour were stuffed wcl 7065 

That Iroubler ia, and ehanngeth Bone, 

With alio richaase temporel 1 

And the note-kernel the shelle— 


tit (S^ommud of t^ (ftoee. 


For b|f thai liook tiiegr dvnt not sUmde. 

Avajr tluj gonne it for to bore, 

For they na dnnta not aaswere 

By «zposioioan fne glote 7145 

To thmt thai derkei wole appose 

Ajaiui tha ennadneaM, y-wia, 

That in that bdka initan is. 

Kow wot I not, na I oan not see 

What maaar snde that there shal be 7x50 

Of al this [hoke] that they hyde ; 

Bat yit algata they shal aliyde 

Til that they niay it bet defende ; 

This trowa I best, wol be hir ende. 

* Thna Anteorist abyden we, 7155 

For we ben alle of his meynee ; 
I And what nun that wol not be so, 
Bight aona he shal his lyf forga 
Wa wol a pv&ple •foa him areyse, 
And thugh oar c^e doon him seise, 7160 
And him on sharps spares rjnre, 
Or othar>weyes bringe him fro lyve, 
Bot-if that ha wol folowe, y-wis. 
That in oar boke writen is. 
Ihos mocha wol oar book signifjre, 7165 
That whyl [that] Peter hath maistrye, 
Kay nerer Johan shews wel his might. 

' Xow haTS I yoa declared right 
The mening of the bark and rinde 
That maketh the entencioons blinde. 7170 
Bat now at erst I wol biginne 
To ezpowne yoa the pith withinne : — 
[rAnd first, by Peter, as I wane, 
Tha Pope himself we wolden mene,] 
And [eek] the secolers oomprehende, 7175 
Ihat Cristea lawe wol defende, 
And shnlde it kepen and mayntenen 
Ajeinea hem that al sastenen. 
And iSslsly to the paple techen. 
^And Johan bitokeneth hem fthat pre- 
chen, 7180 

That thar nis hiwe oorenable 
Bet thilke Oospel PerdaraUe, 
T^t fro the Holy Gk>Bt was sent 
To toraa folk that been miswent. 
^ strangthe of Johan they xmdirstondo 
Tae graoa in which, they seye, they 
stonde, 7186 

T^at doth tha sinfdl folk converte, 
JLui ham to Jesas Crist reverte. 
' Fol many another horriUete 
Xsr man in that boke sea, 7190 

That ben oomannded, dooteles, 

Ayens the lawe of Bome ozpres ; 

And alle with Anteorist they holden, 

As men may in the book biholden. 

And than oomannden they to sleen 7195 

Alia tho that with Peter been ; 

Bat they shal nevere have that might, 

And, god tofom, for stryf to fight, 

That they ne shal y-noogh [men] finde 

That Peters lawe shal have in mindo, 7200 

And ever holde, and bo mayntene. 

That at tho last it shal be sene. 

That they shal alle come therto, 

For oaght that they can speke or do. 

And thilke lawe shal not stonde, 7205 

That they by Johan have ondirstonde ; 

Bat, maogro hem, it shal adoan. 

And been brooght to confbaioan. 

Bat I wol stinte of this matere. 

For it is wonder long to here ; 72x0 

Bat hadde that ilke book endared. 

Of better estate I were ensared ; 

And froendes have I yit, pardeo, 

That han me set in greet degree. 

* Of al this world is emperoar 7315 

Gyle my fader, the trechoar, 
And cmp[e]re88e my moder is, 
Mangre the Holy Gost, y-wis. 
Our mighty linage and oar rente 
Regnoth in every rogne abouto ; 7220 

And wel is i-wGrth we maistres bo, 
For al this world govome we, 
And can the folk so wel disceyve, 
That noon oar gyle can perceyve ; 
And thoagh they doon, they dar not 
saye ; 7225 

The Bothe dar no wight biwreye. 
Bat he in Cristis wrath him ledeth. 
That more than Crist my bretheren dro- 

He nis no fol good champioan. 
That dredcth sach similacioan *, 7230 

Nor that for pcyne wolo refbsen 
Us to correcten and accosen. 
He wol not entremeto by right, 
Ne have god in his eye-sight. 
And therfore god shal him punjre ; 7235 
Bat me ne rokketh of no vyce, 
Sithen men as loven comanably, 
And holden as for so worthy, 
That we may folk repreve oohoon, 




74 ZH ^«IM»Un< of tit (B06(. [FaxoMtrr C 

And WB nil liaTe rapref of noon. 7140 

That ye percoyved it tio-thing, _ 
Ye shulda[n] have a stark losing 2 
Bight in yonr bond thm, to biginiui, ] 

Whom Bhnldan folk wr.EBhipon Bo 

But u>. tliBt BtinUa nevtr mo 

To patrea wbyl that folk m see, 

I nolde it iBtte fur no ainnD.' 

Thoqgh it not w bUiiodB hem be? 

ThB god longh at the wonder Iho, ;ig5 

■ .tad where ia moro wood foljo. 714S 

And every nigbt gan taoghe iilao, 

Than lo rnhnnnce ehivaliye, 

And Mtde ;— ' Lo hero a man aright 

And love noble men and gay. 

For to be tmsty to ovary wight ! ' 

That joty clothea werpn mlway 7 

' Fala Samblant,' qnod Love, 'say to ma. 

If they be sich folk an the; Mmen, 

Sith I Ihoa bavo avannwd thea, ;3Q0 

So clone, « men her cloth™ demen, 7150 

That in my ooort ii thy dwelling. 

And that hor wordM folowe her dodo, 

It U eret pite, oot of drodo, 

Wolt thou wel bolden my fon-nrdea ? ' 

For the J wol bo noon ypocritta ! 

F. Sem. 'Ya, me, &om bennta fore- 

Of bem, me thinkath [it] eret apite ia ) 


Haddonevaryonr fader hara-biforn yy^ 

Bat Baggen with thue hodaa wyde, 

Semiint (0 trewe, eilb ha was l»m.' 

With Bl^igho and pnla facai leno, 

Amour. ' That il ayoine* al nature.' 

And gipyq irlothe* not fal clone, 

F. Stm. >S!r, put you in that aves- 

And bigbe ahocH, knoiipod with daggoa, 

For tbongh yo borowos take of roe. 

Tbo Bikerer ahal yo never be 7)10 

Or botis tiTuling u a gjpo ; 

For oetofftK, no gikirncegD, 

To anoh fulk aa I yon dovy» 

Or ehartrea, (or to bars witnesao, 

Sholda TriDBta and th»e lot^oa wyts 

I take yonrWf to record hare, 

TakeallaharlondMandharthitigHl, 7.65 

That men ne may, in no manore. 


tie Q^toMOwtf of 4< (Bom. 


id tlMor hma. co mm imly 7340 
iMmr •• to hfem fU. 
f wvre wemad, ian and fU, 
a ham finrth^ alia ia » roata, 
tlia caatal al aboQta ; 
loaglit »way, ibr no dzada, 7345 
I that tliij ben dada, 
>• ha^a tha caatal taka. 
batala thegr gan maka, 
d bam in fimia anoon, 
bar ivaj, and forth thiogr goon, 
gatoa for to aaiailii, 7351 

tha kapara wol not ikila ; 
■an neither tyke na dada, 
'folk, andatrongain deda. 
la I acgm the coontenannoa 7355 
mblant, and Abatinaimoe, 
M> Wikkid-Tonge went. 
hflj halda her parlement, 
it to done ware 

hem be knowen there, 7360 
alken forth diflgyied. 
tlaate they devysed, 
wold goon in tapinage, 
in » pilgrimage, 
and hoi J folk nnfoyned. 7365 
B Abitinanca-Streyned 
robe of eamelyne, 
lir fgraithe aa a Begyne. 
Torchief of threde 
led al aboate hir hede, 7370 
Tgat not hir lantere ; 
bedea eek she here 
se, al of whyt threde, 
that she hir bedee bede ; 
B bonghte hem nerer a del, 7375 
vere geven her, I wot wel, 
3f a fol holy frere, 
I he waa hir fader dere, 
■he hadde ofter went 
frere of his oovent. 7380 

^yted hir also, • 
r a sermonn seide hir to ; 
latte, for man on lyve, 
e wolde hir ofte shryve^ 
so gret devocion 7385 

e(n] her oonfeasion, 
had oile, for the nonea, 
I in ono hood at ones, 
ihape I fdevyse her thee, 
f fooaaomtyma wassha; 7390 


That folae traltoiireaM nntrawe 

Was lyk that salowa hon of hawa, 

That in tha Apocalipa ia shewed, 

That aignii^eth ftho folk beahzwwad, 

ThAtbeenalftilof treoheiye, 7395 

And pale, thnrgh hypocziq^ ; 

For on that hon no ookmr is. 

Bat only deed and pale, y-wis. 

Of sooha » ooloor enlangoorad 

Was Abatinence, y-wis, coloozad ; 7400 

Of her eatat she her repented, 

As her visage represented. 

She had a bordoon al of ThaAa, 
That Gyle had yeve her of his yefta ; 
And a aorippe of Eainte Distrease, 7405 
That fol was of elengenesse. 
And forth she walked sobrely : 
And Fhlae-Semblant saynt, ia votti dy, 
f Had, aa it were for aooh mistare, 
Don on theoopeof aficera, 7410 

With chere simple, and fol pitona ; 
His looking was not disdeinons, 
Ne proad, but meke and fol pesible. 
Abont his nekke he bar a bible. 
And sqnierly forth gan he gon ; 7415 

And, for to reste his limmes upon, 
He had of Treson a potente ; 
As he were feble, his way he wente. 
Bat in his sieve he gan to thringe 
A rasour sharp, and wel bytinge, 74^0 
That was forged in a forge. 
Which that men clepen Conpe-gorge. 

So longe forth hir way they nomen. 
Til they to Wicked-Tonge comen. 
That at his gate was sitting, 7425 

And saw folk in the way pawing. 
The pilgrimes saw he foste by, 
That beren hem fol mekely, 
And fhamUely they with him metta. 
Dame Abstinence first him grette, 7430 
And sith him False-Semblant sained, 
And he hem ; but he not fremoed. 
For be ne dredde hem not ardeL 
For when he saw hir faces wel, 
Alway in herte him thonghte so, 7435 
He shnlde knowe hem bothe two ; 
For wel he knew Dame Abstinaonoe, 
Bnt he ne know not Oonstreynannoe. 
He knew nat that she was oonstrayned, 
Ne of her thevea lyfe fi^yned, 7440 

Bat wende she com of wil al ficae ; 

I ?6 

Z^e (Bemaunf of t$t ^OM. 

Bat ihfl cum in BnoUier degrM ; 
And if of good tril she begim. 
That »;i was fiilcd bar |iuj thui. 

And Fnia-SomblanC hod ho wsyn ale, 
Bat ha knew nat tlmt ba vu I'rdi. 744 
Yet Ms WW be, but bia fakaaHS 
He poade be not espje, nor gene ; 
For Semblant vue tn sJya wroogbt, 
That Jalm^oio he no cepjed noo^bt. 74; 
Bat hoddest tboa kunweii him befora, 
Thou woldeat on a boko bsve sworn, 
Whan tbon him aangb in tbilke aiay 
ITiat bo, that wbylom vu 80 gay, 
And of the duonca Joly Eobin, 74. 

Wu tho baoomfl a Juobin. 
Bnt K>thp]y, what so men him caJle, 
Frere(l] Preoboan been good man alle | 
Hir order wickedly they baren, 
Snche minstrellea if (that] Ibay wirso. 
So been Aogustint and Cordilereo, 741 
And CannoB, and eek Sakked Frorea, 
And alJo &ereff, abodde and bar«, 
(Tbtragh sviuo of bem ben grate mi 

Ful holy men, aa I bero demo ; 7*1 

Erericb of bom wolde good man aema. 
But ghalt thoa never of apparcDCo 
Saen conolada good ooniaqnuiaa 
In nona argumsnt, y-wia, 
If exiatence bI ikiled ii. 74; 

¥ae man ma; Gude alway lopliTme 

Wbo40 that fhath tl 

The doable aentonce for to Boe. 

Whan tbepilg-rym^oommen vore 74' 
To Wloked-ToDgo, that dwelled there, 
Hit hameia nigh hem was algnto ; 
By Wioked-Tonge adoan they lata. 
That bad hem ner bim for to oome, 
And of lydingea letle bim aome, 74) 

Asd saj^e hem ; — ' What caa maket 

To oomB into thia place now T ' 
' Sir," aeyda 9t rained- Abatinannce, 
' Wo, for to diya onr peoannce, 
"Witb b0Tt«a piWas and dovonte, 7+) 

Are eommoa, aa pilgiim» gon aboato ; 
Wei nigh on foto atway we go ; 
Fnl -f-dnsty been cnir helea two ; 
And thai bathe we ban sent 
Iliaighoat thia world that ii miswant, 


For otbar Bashing na fiaahe we. 

Aj wo ba wont, berberwa we crave, 7. 
ToDT lyf to amende ; Crist it save i 
And, so it sbnlde yoa nat displcoe, 
We woldea, if it ware yODTBSe. 
A short semioun unto yoa aoyn." 
And Wikked-Tonga answordo ageyn, 
' The bona," qaod bo, ' sncb aa ys see, 7, 
Sbal nat be warned yoa for mo. 

land aldeifint Dame Abatlnenoa, 750; 
Ijid tbaa began she hir sontenoe : 
Cotal. AMinaict. ' Sir, the flnt vsrtae, 

Tba grataat. and m( 

That may ba foondt 

For having, or for 1 

That ia, bia tonga to retreyne ; 

Therto ought evary wight him ptyns. 

For it is better atille be 

Than for to apaken harm, pardee I 

And be that borkenetb it ghidly, 7515 

He ia no good man, aLkerly. 

And, air, aboven at other ainna, 

In that art then moat gilty inna. 

Thou apaka a jape not long ago, 

(And, air, that was right yvel do) 71^0 

Of a yong man that here repaired, 

And never yet thia place apnired. 

Thoa seydest bo awaited luitbiag 

Bnt to diaceyve Fair-Walooming. 

Te sayde nothing sooth of that ; 7515 

Bnt, air, yo lye ; 1 tall yoa plat ; 

He ne cometh no more, no goth, paidw t 

I tmw ye shal him never see. 

Fair-Welcoming in prison is. 

That ofte hath pleyed with yon, er thia, 

Tbe fairest g&mes that he oonda, jsit 

Witbnote Glthe, stille or londa 1 

Now dor tbe nat himself aolaoa. 

Ve baa also the man do chaoo, 

That be dar neither oome ne go. JSJS 

What meveth yoa to hate him so 

Bat properly j-onr wikked tboaght. 

That many a fals losing bath thoaghl ? 

That meveth your foole eloquenco. 

That Jangleth ever in andiance, 7540 


t$^'fB(6mmt of 4e (Eo«e. 


be Iblk anoFwCk U«BM^ 

p thai naj lis?* BO ipniviiig. 

' M|^^ that Bflmi dcBMlliv 7545 
ilaooQk thing HuAmoMMi 

■* it [Ibr] to vspnive ; 

jm ml ; mdf air, tharafiim 

»biaaM[w«l]tliaiiion. 7590 

dnai mnr ihoMf » myto ; 

hmI goB al day ; 

•th 1m JuiAi and thai la aanti 

I takath of il no onra, 

bathioBgh aifantim^ 

» tlMn olhar Iblk, alcato. 

L hava watohaai at the gate, 7560 

ra fai thjna axaat alway ; 

lae, mnaaxd, al the day. 

keat niglii and day for thought ; 

y tiwayl la Ibr nought. 

oaje, wjthonten faile, 7565 

V qnyte thee thy travaile. 
he la, that FiUr-Welooming, 
en] any treapaadng, 
Dgfkdly in priaon be, 

Sefth and langoiasheth he. 7570 

igh thoa never yet, y-wia, 

nan no more bat thia, 

i a^greef) it were worthy 

thee oat of thia boily, 

rward in priaon lye, 7575 

■e thee til that thoa dye ; 

■halt for thia ainne dwelle 

the devila en of helle, 

Kt thoa repente thee.* 7579 

7, thoa lyeat fklaly ! ' quod he. 

welcome with miaohaanoe now t 

terfore herbered yoa 

le ahame, and eek rep rove ? 

Y hi^ype, to year bihove, 

lay 3roar herbeigere ! 7585 

ir yoa eUeawhere than here, 
» Iyer called me ! 
itonra art thoa and he, 
lyn hoaa do me this ahame, 
^ aoih-aawe ye me blame. 7590 
a aannonB that ye make t 

To alia tha dafallaa I ma taka^ 

Or ellea, god, tlum ma ooDfimnda t 

But er men diden thia oaatal fbvmdai 

It p aaa o t h not tan dayaa er twaHa^ 75915 

Bat it waa told zi|^i to my-aalfai, 

And aa thay aeida, zi||^ ao tolda I, 

He kiato the Boaa potirily I 

Thoa aeida I now, and have aeid yora ; 

I not wher ha dide any more. 7600 

'Why ahalda men aay ma aoeh n thing, 

If it hadda bean gabbingP 

Bi^t ao aeida I, and wol atya yit ; 

I trowe, I Ij^ad not of it j 

And with my bemea I wol bkfwa 7605 

To alia nei^boria »-rowe, 

How he hath bothe oomen and gon.' 

Tho apak Eala-8emblant right anon, 
* Al ia not goapel, ofot of doote, 
Thatmenaiyninthatooneabonto; 7610 
Ley no deaf ere to my apeking ; 
I awere yow, air, it ia gabbing I 
I trowe ye wot wel oerteynly. 
That no man loveth him tenderly 
That seith him harm, if he wot it, 7615 
Al be he never ao pore of wit. 
And Booth ia alao aikeriy, 
(Thia knowe ye, air, aa wel aa T\ 
That lovera gladly wol viq^ten 
The plaoea ther hir lovea habyten. 7610 
Thia man yoa loveth and eek honoareth ; 
Thia man to aerve yoa laboareth ; 
And depeth yoa hia fireend ao dere. 
And thia man maketh yoa good ohere. 
And every-wher that [he] yoa meteth, 
He yoa aaleweth, and he yoa greteth. 7626 
He preaeth not ao ofte, that ye 
Ooght of hia come encombred be ; 
Ther preaen other folk on yow 
Fal ofber than [that] he doth now. 7630 
And if hia herto him atreyned ao 
Unto the Boae for to go, 
Te ihalde him aeen ao ofte nede, 
That ye ahalde take him with the dede. 
He ooade hia ootning not forbere, 7<^ 
Though ye him thrilled with a apere ; 
It nere not thanne aa it ia now. 
Bat troateth wel, I awere it yow. 
That it ia dene oat of hia thought. 
Sir, certaa, he ne thenketh it nought ; 
No mora ne doth Fair-Welooming, 7641 
That aora abyeth al thia thing. 

th CBotnaunf of t^t (Roei. 

And. if thoy wore of oon aaaent, 
Ful sons were the Rnaa h«nt ; 
The mangre yonres woHo bo. 76 

And gir, of o thing herkeaBth me : — 
Sith ye this m&n, that l(r\'ath yow^ 
Hun Beid iraoh harm and shame now, 
Ji wel, if ho gessed it, 


LO-thing lavu yon no, 
He csllon jtm his freend lito. 
Bat night and day ha fwnldo vake, 
Tho ta«tol to destroye and take, 
If It vera Booth aa je deryBo ; 7^ 

Or aom man in >om mansr wy»o 
Might it wame him Gveiydol, 
Or hy liim-mlf paroeyren vel ^ 
For gith he might not coroe and gon 
Aa La was whylom wont to doo, 76 


w al other, 
'■fro, si 

10 f doth h 

md jolyly 
Tho doth of helJe, dontele*, jH 

That IhrftUon folk bo giltelet' 

FalB-ScmblBnt proveth bo thk Uilng 

BambUnt, a good man aaman ya ; 
And, Abstinenoe, fal wy^e yo seme ; 

talent yoabotbe I dema. 7674. 

F. San. ' Right here anoon thou Bbalt 
be ihrjyon, 
And aay thy ainno withont^ more ; 

^or 1 am preeflt, and have ponateo 
To ihiyva folk of moat dignitee 76S0 

That been, as wyde as world may dare. 
Of al this world I haTO tha cure, 
that had never yit personn. 

And, god wot, t have of thee 76S5 

A thoniand tymeB more piloe 

Than hath thy prseet parochial, 

Though ha thy freend bo spociaL 

I have avanntage, in o wy»o. 

That your prelates ben not go wyse 7650 

I am licenced boldely 

In divinitee io rede, 

And to eonfeBBfln, out of drada. 

If yo wol yon now conrpago, 

And lore your sinnes moro 



L AN A. B. C. 

ieeundum ordinem lUerarum Alphabeti, 

and ftl meroiaUe ijnene, 
To whom that al thif world fleeth for 

To havo ruaea of aiiine, aorwe and tone, 
Gloriooa Tirgine, of alle floures flour, 
To thee I flee, oonfonnded in erronr I 5 
Help and relere, thou mighty debonaire, 
Hare mercy on my perilous langonr ! 
Venqniadied m' hath my cmel adversaire. 

Boantee ao fix hath in thyn herte his 

That wel I wot thon wolt my sooonr be, 10 
Thoa canst not wame him that, with 

good entente, 
Axeth thyn help. Thyn herte is ay so free, 
Thoa art largesse of pleyn felicitee, 
HaTen of refht, of qoiete and of reste. 
Lo, how that theyes seven chasen me ! 15 
Help, lady bright, er that my ship to- 


Comfort is noon, bat in yow, lady dere ; 
For lo, my sinne and my confVisioan, 
Which oaghten not in thy presence ap- 

Han take on me a grevoas acoioan ao 
Of verrey right and desperacioan ; 
And, as by right, they mighten wel sas- 

That I were worthy my dampnacioan, 
Nere mercy of yon, blisftil hevene qaene. 

Doute is ther noon, thoa qoeen of miseri- 

oorde, 35 

That thoa n'art caase of graoe and mercy 

here ; 
God vonched saof thargh thee with as 

For certes, Cristes blisftd moder dere, 
Were now the bowe bent in swich manere. 
As it was first, of justice and of yre, 30 
The rightftil G^ nolde of no mercy here ; 
Bat thurgh thee han we grace, as we 


Ever hath myn hope of reftit been in thee. 
For heer-bifom fal ofbe, in many a wyse. 
Hast thoa to misericorde receyved me. 35 
Bat mercy, lady, at the grete assyse. 
Whan we shal come bifore the bye jas- 

tyse t 
So litel frait shal thanne in me be foande. 
That, bat thoa er that day me fwel 

Of yerrey right my work me wol con- 

foande. 4<> 

Fleeing, I flee for socoor to thy tente 
He for to hyde from tempest ful of drede, 
Biseching yoa that ye yoa not absente, 
Thoagh I be wikke. O help yit at this nede ! 
Al have I been a beste in wille and dede, 
Yit, lady, thoa me clothe with thy grace. 
Thyn enemy and myn (lady , tak hede) 47 
Un-to my deeth in poynt is me to chaoe. 

Z^ Qtlmor Ipotmo. 

3 nutyile ood moder, 

which that 

Bat (ill of B 
Help thut my faclEr bs not wioth with me! 
i:lpck thon, for I ne dar niit him y-tee. 
So bjive I doDi] in erthc, ilU&b ther-whyla f 
That cortaa, bnt-if thon my aooonr bo, ;s 
To Btiuk dtemo he wol jay gaet nylo. 
Hi> vonchod unf, tcl him, aa was bll wiUo, 
Biwme a. man, to have our nllmance, 
And with hia prociona blood be wrootthe 

Up-oQ the crois, aa goneral aoqnitannDo, 
To cvory penlt^Qt in ful creaonce ; 6i 
And therfor, lady bright, thoa for na 

■eide eat, thoa graiiuid of oi 
jnna on us thy pitotu eyaa dere ! 



n shaJt tlioD bothe Btin' 

And IE 

iulon of hi 

I wot it wol, UioQ woltbon oar soconr, 65 
Thon act «o fol of bounteo, in oert«jn. 
Por, whan a soolo fallotb In orrour. 
Thy pit«4} gotb and haletb Mm Apeyn. 
Than maliTst thon bis pees with hii 

Moiiei, that BDQsh the btich 
Brenninge, of wbich ther m 

Wu Aigno of tfajn imwfmimed maiilon- 

Thon art the bnih on which ther gm 

The Holy Goet, the which that Uoises 


Had ben a-fyr ; and this was in fiBore. 
Now lBd7, from the fyr than tiB defends 115 
Which that in helle etdmally shal dnre. 
Noble prinoesso. that never hoddost pore. 
Cartes, if any comfort in 08 iw, 

neth of thee, thon CriBtoa moder 

non other melodyo or glea 100 
Ub to r^oysQ in oar adverutef^, 
K* advocat noon that wol and dar so prcya 

s, and that for litel hyre u ye, 
That helpen foi an Are-Uaria or tm^c. 

n. Zit CmnpfepitU unlo pits. 

A.3d ilat mji (onla )■ worthy for t« nske, 
A ilAs. I, fnilil, whider mKr I Se« I 
WhoKluJiia-toClirsaiiomriaetuibeF 115 
WIh>, latttliT-self, IhatBTtofpiteowBllBr 
Than halt mors rcuthu on onr adreiaitoe 
Than in tfaii world mighte Any Cnnge toUe. 
Bedreaoe me. moder, and me chnBt^ia, 
For, cencTnlj-, mj (odr» clui«ti»iD8e 13a 
Tliat du- 1 Dongtit nbyden in no vyie : 
So hidoni U "hit rightful rtkeningo. 
Moder, of whom nor mercjgMi loapringo, 
Beth ye mjjn^ and uek my loaleB leche j 
Pdt (verin yon ispitoehabanndingo ijj 
To ach thkt vol of |>itee yon bbecbo. 
Both u, that Ood no graonCeth no pitee 
Wiih-ont« tfaee-, for God, of his goodneBSe, 
Foiyinth noon, bat it lyke nn-to theo. 
Ha haih thee nuiked viuire and Dtoia- 

Of ■! the world, and eek goverrntreasa 
Of beTene.iuidhe reprMSoUi hi« juityio 
AAia th; wille. and thcral'oTe in witnessa 
Hb hath thee oniuned in m lyaJ wyse. 
TEhmplo dtfvont, ther god hath hifl won- 

Ao vbloh them mlsbilOTed pryved been. 
To Ten sty Boule poniKoit 1 brioEe. 
Bwiyre me ! I can do ferther fleen ! 
WHh thornca venitaonB, O hereno qneen, 
pur which LJi« GTths Bcnrsrd wu hA yoro, 
I am Co wnmuiAd, aa ye mny wel teen, 151 
Thai 1 am lovt almast ; — it smert ao sore. 
Tu^nA, that art ao nobla of appojiiiJej 
And ladeM us in-to the hye baui' 154 

Of Pamdya. thon me wins and oaunsaile. 
fiow t mnybavB tby grace and thy poconr; 
Ai liBve I iMcli in &lthe and in errDor. 
Ifldy, na-lo thnl court thou me ajoame 
Tlialciepedisthybeacli, Ofreaahe floor! 
Tber-aa that meriryever thai Bojonme. i(iu 
Xristaa, thy lone, that la this world 

Up-oD the CRH to mffre bla paaaloim, 
And -feeh, that Longiua hii herte plghte. 
And made hii herte blood to renneaduon ; 
And al was this for my Balvacioon : 165 
And I to him am Ihls and eck aakiad*. 
And yit he wol not my dampiuicionn — 
Tliis thankfl I yna, iDCOor of si uumkinda 
tiaaic was Cgnra of his deeth, eerteyn, 
That BO fer-forth his fader wolde obeye i;u 
Tbalhim no ronghte no-thing to be ilayn ; 
Right so thy eone list, as a lamb, to deye. 
Now lady, fnl of mercy, I yon prcye, 
8ilh liB his moTpy moinred so Urge, 
Bs ye not ikant ; for alio we singe and 
Mye 175 

That ye ben ftraa TengoeDiice ay oar targe. 
Znehario yon dopeth the open wells 
To »auho alnfhl aoule oat of his gilt. 
Therforo this IcMonn onghlw I wel to tidlo 
That, nere thy tender herte, we wertu 

Mow lHdybrighte.idththonoan«t and wilt 
Bon to the seed of Adam merciablu, 
So bring US to that palats that Is bilt 
To pODitenta that ban t<i mercy abl^ 

I bn, 



hen that I, by lengtha ■ 

bn, that I have aooght » yore ago, 
With herte me, and hil of basy peyne, 

With-onU delhe ; and, if I shal not leyne, 

that for my trcTtithe doth ma dye. 


Ilnd ever iu oon a tyme longht 
To Pite iBu I, a] besprcynt with teres, 
To preyen hir un Crualtee 
Bnt, er I might with ai 

Z^ Qllnter (pome. 


Bnt Qp I rcios, with doloor fal disorsa. 
And piluoflly on hit myn ybn cikatA, 
All! ncr ths corps I gan to pcesen taxte. 
And fur the wml^ 1 Bboop ma for to 

preye ; ao 

I fnaa bnt lorn ; tiiar fnaa no mora to 

a dMiD 

To vbom ahal uiy torwtal harts oalla ? i; 
Kow Cmoltce bath oaot to sleen oi kUe, 
la ydfll hope, folk redntooa of peynn — 
Sltli shs u dood — to whom shnl we oom- 


OoofMred alia by bonda of Cmelteo, 
And bean aunDlad thai I thai be ileyn. 
And I ham pot my oomplayiit op agsyn ; 
For to my fooa my bille I dar cot ibewp, 
Theffeot of whicih Kith thni, in wardea 

IT ' Hombleat of harta, hyeM of reTeranca, 
Beniebo floor, ooronua of vertnaa &IIe, 
Shevetb unto your rial eioellence 
Your aerrannt, if I dnnta me so o&lle. Co 
Bis mortal harm, in which ho ia y-falle, 
And noght al only for hia evel faro, 
Bnt for yonr ranonn, a« ha ahal declare. 
' Hit stondath thna ; yooi oontnuro, 

Allyed ii ageyn«t yonr regalya 6f 

Under colonr of womanly Boantoo, 
For men [ne] ihuld not kcowa hir 

TClth BonntM, Qontilesse, and Cnrtaaye, 
And hath dapryved you now nf yonr place 
That higbt "Bsanteo, apertenant to 

m. Zit (9«ol of Hi ^Mt89t. 


HiKf» meroy on me, thoa Heraniu qaene, 
70a hAr% woQf^t wo tenderly end 

Let eomstieem of jour light on me be eene 
Tliat lore end dzede yon, ey longer the 

moore. 95 

For, eothly far to eeyne, I here the eore, 
And, thofig^ I be not eonning for to 

For goddee lore, h*Te mercy on my p«yne ! 

t^ * My pcyne ie this, that whet eo I desire 
Tbet here I not, ne no-thing lyk therto ; 
And erar eet Deeixe myn herte on fire ; 
Bek on that other lyde, wher-io I go, loa 
Whet mener thing that may en o r oa e wo 
That hare I redy , nneoght, evexywhere ; 
He [ne] lakketh but my deth, and than 
my here. 105 

*What nedeth to shewe paroel of my 

Sith every wo that herte may bethinke 
I Boffire, and yet I dar not to yon pleyne ; 
For wel I woot, al-thongh I wake or 

Ye rekke not whether I flete or linke. no 
Bat natheles, my tronthe I ihal siistene 
Unto my deeth, and that ihal wel be 


* This ie to iQyne, I wol be yooree ever ; 
Though ye me alee by Cmeltee, your fo, 
Algate mj spirit shal never dissever 1 15 
Fro your servyse, for any p^ne or wo. 
Sith ye be deed— alias ! that hit is so !— 
Thns for your deth I may wel wepe and 
pleyne 118 

With herte sore and ftd of b«fy p^yne.' 

Hvt mddh 1M MdamaeUm cfthe Deth o/Pifie, 


Tks Proem, 

I HAVX gret wonder, by this lighte, 
How that I live, for day ne nighte 
I may nat slope wel nigh noght ; 
I have so many an ydel thoght 
Purely for defante of slope, 
That, by my tronthe, I take fkepe 
Of no-thing, how hit oometh or goth| 
Ke me nis no-thing leaf nor loth. 
Al is y-liohe good to me — 
Joye or sorowe, wherao hit be— 
For I have feling in no-thing. 
Bat, as it were, a maaed thing, 
Alway in point to falle anloon ; 
For faoiy imaginacioon 
la aiway hoolly in my minde. 

And wel ye woot, agaynea kinde 
Hit were to liven in thia wyse ; 
For natare wolde nat §nffyw9 
To noon erthely oreatare 
Not longe tyme to endare 



Withoate alepe, and befen] in sorwe ; 

And I ne may, ne night ne morwe, 

Slepe; and ■f-thoa melancolye. 

And dreed I have for to dye, 

Defaate of alepe, and hevineaao 35 

Hath aleyn my spirit of qoikneaae, 

That I have loat al lastihede. 

Sache fuitaayea ben in myn hede 

So I not what ia beat to do. 

Bat men mighte axe me, why ao 50 
I may not alepe, and what me ia ? 
Bat nathelea, who aake thia 
Leaeth hia asking trewely. 
Hy-selven can not tello why 
The aooth ; bat trewely, aa I gesae, 35 
I holds hit be a aikneaao 
That I have anffred thia eight yere, 
And yet my bote ia never the nere ; 
For ther ia phiaicien bat oon. 
That may me hele ; bat that ia doon« 40 
Paaae we over ontU eft i 
That wil not be, mooTnede be left ; 

^6< QTltnor {poeme. 

Our flnt [OBtfli« is good M lieps. 

So whan I Mw I miglit not slepe, 
Til BOW late, this oUier Bight, 45 

CpoD my bedde I nt npcigbt, 
Ad4 had 00a reche me a book, 
A romanncc, and ba hit me took 
To mde and diTre the nigbt ava^ ; 
?or me tbogbte it better pla7 S^ 

Then pbiye[ii] either at cheese or tablet. 

And in Ihia bole nere writen fnblea 
That clerkea hadde, in olde tymt, 
Ami other ]>oetfl, pat in ryme 
To rude, and for to be in mlndo 55 

Wh^l men loved the lawe of kinde, 
Thia book nc tpak but of jnchTliinges, 
Of qTienQH]3'vea, and of kicgea. 
And many otheto thingei vmale, 

I That me thongbte a wonder thing. 
This was tlie tale : Thai was a king 
U higbta S07B. and badde a tryf, 
te beste that mights berv lyf ; 
iai this qneae luglite Aluyone. 65 

lo hit bofel, thciafler sone, 

is king wolde wendpn over eee. 
to tollon ahortly, whan that he 
Was in tlie see, thns in th!i w^ge, 
Socha a tempest gao to ryes jo 

That lirak hie mast, and madu it fUia, 
And oleAfi hir ship, anddrelntubam alJa, 
That never ww foimdeo, as it telles, 
Boid ne nun. ne notbing elles. 
Bigltt thus this king Seya loste his lyC 75 

Now ffor to spekon of his wjf ;— 
niis lady, that was left at home, 
Hath wondar, that the king ns come 
Hoom, for hit was a longe tonne. 
Anon her berte tg»i t" onne ; go 

And for that hir thoagbte ecenno 
Hit was not wel fbe dwelte lo, 
She longed so after the king 
That certes. hit were a pitons thing 
To telle hir Jiortolj gorwflil lyf SJ 

That fhadde, alas ! this noble wyf ; 
7oi him she loved alderbest. 
Anon she leato bothe east and west 
T» *elw bim, bat they fonnde noogbl. 

'Alas! 'qooth aha, •that 1 waiwronght! 
And wher my lord, my ]»Te, be deed ? 91 
Certes, I nil never ete brenl. 
I oako a-Tows to my god here, 

Bnt t mows of ray lordo here ! ' 

Saoh sorwe thia lady to her took 

That trewely I, which made thia book, 

Had swieh pite and swich rovrthe 

To rvde hir sorwe, that, by my trowthe, 

I fra-de the wone al the morwo 

After, to thenkea on her aorwe. loc 

So whan 'fube ooade bare no word 
That no man mights finde hir lord, 
Fol oft she swooned, and aeids ' alas '. ' 
For sorwe fol nigh wood she was, 
Ne she coade no read bat oon ; 10; 

Qat doon on kccei she sat anoon, 
And +W00P. that pite vms to here. 

' A I marey ! swetD lady dero ! ' 
Qaod she to Jono. hir goddesse ; 
of thia t 




Or how be fiweth, or in what wysa. 
And 1 shol moke yon aacrilyiie, 
And hoolty yonrea beooma 1 shal 
With good wil, body, herto. and al ,- 
And bat then wilt this, lady swute. 
Send me grace to alepe, and mete 

Whe^throTtgh that I may hnowen ev 
Whether my lord be qoik or deed.^ 


ord she 1 

IS cold ai 

Lughte her 
And broghtcn hir in bed al naked, lij 
And she, forweped and forwaltod, 
Was wary, and thns the dede deep 
Fil on her, or she toka keep. 
Throngh Jono, that had herd h{r bone. 
That made bir{for] to slope Bone ; i)o 
For as she prayde, fso was don, 
la dede ,- for Jono, right anon, 
Called tbaa bar mesntgere 
To do her erKode, and be com a ere. 
Whan he waseome, ahebadhiintbust ijj 
^ Qq bet,' quod Juno, ' to IkCorpheos, 
Thon knowest him wel, the god of sleep ; 
Now nndentond wel, and tak keep. 
Sey thns on my halfe, that be 
do ftiate into the grete sae, i:^ 

And bid him that, on alio thing. 
He take op Seys body the king, 
That Ij-th ful pale and 00-thiog rody, 
Bid bim orepe into the body, 


^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^H ^^^^1 

m. ^«( QB00& of fit ®ueeeeoe. ^ 

*.iiil do it eooD to AlejoDB 145 

And bar hit forth to Alcyone, 

The qnene, ther »ba Ijth alone, 

His wyf the qnene, thor-oe ahe l«y. 

.in-i nhewe hiriQiortlj, hit !■ no nay. 

K..V bit «si dreynt this othsr day ; 

And stood right at hir beddea Tote, 

And do Ibo body speke ■(« 

And called hir. right aa ahe heto, aoo 

Bu;ht u hit «u vcmt to do, 150 

By uaniB, and leyde, ' my awete wyf, 

Tha whylea that hit wm on lyre. 

Awok t let be your aorwfnl lyf 1 

a« noir tutt, and by tbee blyra ! ' 

For in yonr aorwo ther lyth no reed ; 

Thi» loesBBger took leva ond ironto 

For dortaa. awete. I fnam but deed ; 

Upon bia my, and dstct ne Bt«nte 

¥0 ahal ma never on lyve y-aeo. M<i 

TUbaoomtathederkevaleya ijj 

But good awets herto, llook] that ya 

Tliat itAiit 'bytweno roehes twaya, 

Buiy my body, -fiit whicho a tyde 

Thar never yat jroir com ne Braa. 

Ye move hit flnde the see baayde ; 

W« tren. ne tnothing that ought wai. 

And far-wal, aweto, my worldaa hliiM ! 

B«t«. ne man, ne tnoUiin« aUe*. 

I prnye god yonr »rwe 1 no 

Save ther Trere a fsTTO wbUm 160 

To litol wbyl our bUno laateth I ' 

C^mB nmninc fro the cliffM adoim, 

With that hir eyen up aha oaateth, 

That mwlA a deedJy slsping tonn, 

And saw noght ; ' tA 1 ■ qnod ahe, ' for 

And rcnnen donn right by ■ (stb 

That waa under a rokke y-gnie 

And d^yed within the tbridde morwe. 

Amid the Talay. wondar dopfc ifij 

But what ahe aayde mom in that awow 

Thar Uiiw ptddaa loya and ilepe, 

I may not telle yow aa now, itH 

Kvrptunu. uul EdympMtfyw. 

Hit w«re to louga for to dwalle ; 

That na tba Eod of alepes beyre, 

Hy first oatera I wil yow telle. 

nal alepa and did noa other werk. 

Wberfor I have told thia thing 

'nui»«««a»a]»aade(k >7D 

Of Aleione and Seya the king. are 

^m» hell, pit orcrHil abonta ; 

For thna Doche dar I say(o3 w«l, 

^KiT l«d Bood kytar for to ronl« 

I had be dolven everydal. 

^K«i.*7^ *ho might >lepa berte ; 

And deed, right throBgh dcliante of aUep, 

^Km* henga bir ehin upon bir brena 

If I nad red aiDd tak«[D] keep 

^<.pright,hirhaody.hed, .75 

Of thia tale next before : i>5 

And aDme Liy{e) naked in hir bod, 

And r wol telle yow wharfore ; 

And alapa wby1« tha dayM laita. 

For I ne might, for bote na bale, 

Thia maatagar *oin flying &«», 

Slepe, or I had red this lalo 

And «,«!.' ho ! Bwakanonl' .79 

Of thia dreynte Seys the king, 

Hit ana for noght ; Ihei harde him non. 

AndofthegoddoiofiUpiDg. Jjo 

■ Aw»k r ■ qnod ha, ' oho ia. lyth there ?■ 

Whan I had red thia tale wfll. 

And U«w hi* hon> Tight in hir ere. 

Andeiyod ' awaketh 1 - wonder hyfi. 

lie thonghU wonder if hit were ao ; 

nu god of alapa. with hia don ye 

For I had narer hard apeke, ortho. 

(^at Dp, -huad, ' who elspeth there r ■ 185 

Ofnogoddaathatoondemake la 

Hen [for] to alepe, no for to w»ko ; 

' Jono bad tbon abnldMt goon '— 

Tot I na knew never god hat oon. 

And KOda Um whkt he ibnlda dooQ 

And in my game I saydo aoouu — 

And yet ma list right evel to ployo— 

BilianonMdnbanahitmora; 190 

' Bather then that I aholda days hq 

AOfl wiDia fall way, wbui ha had aayd. 

Through defanto of aleping thaa. 

Anon tbta g»d of alepe a-bnyd 

I wolde yive thilko Morph-iu, 

Oat of bi* alapa, and gan bn goon, 

Or his goddease, damo Jnno. 

And did aa ha had bade him doon ; 

Or aom wight ellea, I ne roghU whe— 

Took op tlw dnynta body asna, 19; 

To make wc slops and have aom Tast»— 

Z^t Qllinor Q>oems. 

I wil yive him the Alcter-best^ 3j 

\'ill thftt over lie abood hia Ijro, 
Aud here on "wsfde, rigbt now, as U7TI 
If lie vol moke me alepe a lyte. 
Of downe of pure dowvoe wbyto 3, 

I wil yLY& him a fothfir-bed, 
B»jed with golde, and right wal olel 
* 1 dontreniBro, 

a pilow, and m 

And I 

a Dhambra ; and al hii haJlea 
1 wol do peynte with pore goldsi 
And tapito beio f^ man; folda 
Of 00 sate ; tbi> abal be hate, 
If I wiste wber were hia oayCi 

Aa did thu piddease fUcEona. 
And tbna this Uko god, MorpbsuB, 
May winno of me mo fu6a tbna 
TiuiQ ever he wan ; and to Jono, 
That ig hli gi)dd«asa, I ahal bo do, 
I trow that she Hbal bolda her p^^' 

1 haddo unneth that word y-rayd 
Riglit thus ns 1 have tald hit ;ow, 

'I'l lokfld forth, for I was waked 

With smala fbnles a gret bepe, 395 

That had affraj^d mo ont of t«lepe 

TbroDgb noyea and iwetneaia of Mr Kong ; 

And, as me mette. they lato among, 

Upon m^ oh&mbrfr-roof withoate, 

Upon the tylea, fal a-boate, 300 

And Boageu, everioh in hi* wttc, 

The mogte solempne Krvyae 

By note, that ever man, I trowe, 

Had herd ; for som of hem song lowe, 

80m bye, and al of tnn awnle. jos 

To telle shortly, at 00 words, 

Wai never y-heid >o iwele a Meveu, 

Bnt hit bad be a thing of beven ; — 

So mejy a Bonn, ao iwetfl cmtanaa, 

That cartes, for the tonne of Tewnea, jiu 

1 nolde bat 1 had bard hem ainge ; 

Far a! my cbambre gun to ringe ^ 

Throagb singing of hir armoi^ye, 

For InBtmment nor melodje 

Waa nowberherd yet half so swote, 315 

Nor of ncorde half so meto ; 

For ther was noon of bam that fejued 

To singe, for ecb of bom him pcyned 

To flnde oat morj- oraity n<pt.« i 

m. Z9t (gooft of i^ Oue^eeee. 


He dioiifl^tte I herde An hiinte blowB 345 
T'aMa^ hiB horn, and for to knowe 
Whether hit were olere or hors of sonne. 

•fl herde goinge, np and donne, 
M«n, hon, hoondes, and other thing ; 
And al men ipeken of hunting, 550 

How thej wolde alee the hert with 

And how the hert had, npon lengthe, 
80 moehe emboeed, I not now what 
AnoA-right, whan I herde that, 
How that they wolde on hunting goon, 
I was right glad, and np anoon ; 556 

[I] took my hors, and forth I wente 
Oat of my ohamhre ; I never stente 
Til I com to the feld withoate. 
Ther overtook I a gret route 360 

Of huntee and eek of foresteree. 
With many relayes and lymeree. 
And hyed hem to the forest &8te, 
And I with hem ; — eo at the laste 
I acked oon, ladde a lymere . — 365 

* Say, fekw, who shal hunte[n] here ? ' 
Quod I ; and he answerde ageyn, 

* Sir, th^emperonr Octovien,' 
Quod he, * and is heer faste by.* 

' A goddes halfe, in good tyme,' quod I, 

* Oo we £ute ! ' and gan to ryde. 371 
Whan we came to the forest-syde, 
Every man dide, right anoon, 

As to hunting fil to doon. 
The nmyster-hunte anoon, fot-hoot, 375 
With a gret home blew three moot 
At the unoonpling of his houndes. 
Within a whyl the hert [y>founde is, 
T-halowed, and reohased fiEtfte 
Longe tyme ; and fat the laste, 380 

This hert msed and stal away 
Fro alle the houndes a prevy way. 
The houndes had overshote hem alle, 
And were on a defaute y-fedle ; 
Therwith the hunte wonder faste 385 
Blew a forloyn at the laste. 

I was go walked fro my tree. 
And as I wente, ther cam by me 
A whelp, that &uned me as I stood. 
Thai hadde y-folowed, and ooude no good. 
Hit oom and creep to me as lowe, 391 
Right as hit hadde me y-knowe, 
Hild doun his heed and joyned his ores, 
And leyde al smothe doun his heres. 

I wolde han caught hit, and anoon 395 

Hit fledde, and was £ro me goon ; 

And I him folwed, and hit forth wente 

Doun by a floury grene ^|9^t9 

Ful thikke of gras, tal softe and swete, 

With floures fele, faire under fete, 400 

And litel used, hit seemed thus ; 

For bothe Flora and Zephims, 

They two that make floures growe. 

Had mad hir dwelling ther, I trowe ; 

For hit was, on to beholde, 405 

As thogh the erthe envye wolde 

To be gayer than the heven. 

To have mo floures, swiche seven 

As in the welken sterres be. 

Hit had forgete the povertee 4x0 

That winter, through his odde morwes. 

Had mad hit suffire[n], and his sorwes ; 

Al was forgeten, and that was sene. 

For al the wode was waxen grene, 

Swetnesse of dewe had mad it waze. 415 

Hit is no need eek for to axe 
Wher thor were many grene greves. 
Or thikke of trees, so fol of leves ; 
And eveiy tree stood by him-selve 
Fro other wel ten foot or twelve. 4J0 

So gprete trees, so huge of strengthe. 
Of fourty or fifty fadme lengthe, 
Clene withoute bough or stikke. 
With croppes brode, and eek as thikke — 
They were nat an inche ^-sonder — 425 
That hit was shadwe over-al under ; 
And many an hert and many an hinde 
Was both before me and bihinde. 
Of founes, soures, bukkes, do6s 
Was fol the wode, and many rote, 430 
And many squirelles, that sete 
Fnl hye upon the trees, and ete. 
And in hir manor made festes. 
Shortly, hit was so ful of bestes, 
That thogh Argus, the noble oountour, 
Sete to rekene in his countour, 436 

And rekene[d] with his figures ten — 
For by tho figures mowe al ken. 
If they be crafty, rekene and noumbre, 
And telle of every thing the noumbre — 
Yet ihulde he fayle to rekene even 441 
The wondres, me mette in my sweven. 

But forth they romed 'f'wonder faste 
Doun the wode ; so at the laste 
I was war of a man in blak, 445 

H 68 

Zii Qtltnor fpolms. 

That wt and lisd y-torned hla b&k 
To kh oka, nn liTiQifl troe. 
' Lord,' thoghtfl t, ' whii msy that bo F 
What uylelh him to tittea bera ? ' 
AnDos^right 1 wente nere ; 4^9 

Thim fond I sitte even niiri^t 
A wonder wel-foriDge knight — 
By the mnuer me tliong-lito so — 
OfEood mocfael, and i-ynng tharto, 
Of the age of four and twenty j-eer. 4^ 
Upon hiB borde bat lltcJ boor, 
And ho w« clothed al in blakko. 
I itAlked oven unto hia takke, 
And ther 1 gtood oa atUlfl aa ooght. 
That, ■ootfa to aBye, he nw me nnught, 
Por-wh; he hang his heed aidmiDD. 46 
And with a deedl; aorwfnl Sonne 
He made of lyme t«n Ters or twolvo, 
Of a Domplejmt to hlm-oolve, 
"nia moats pile, the moeta roothe, 46; 
That ever I berde ; for, by my trowtha, 
Hit ms gret wander that natora 
Might iaffrc(iil any creature 
To have swich botwo, and be not deed. 
Fn] pitons, pale, ood notbin^ reed, 471 
He nyde a Uy, a maner song, 
WiUumto note, withoate aong, 
And hit was this ; for -f-wol I can 
; ri|fht thne hit began,- 


^latjoyo B^te 

Xow that I lee my lady bright, 

Wbioh I bAve loved with al my might 
la &a me deed, and is ft-goon.t 471 

lAl!aa,[o|d6ethr what ayleth thee, 4S1 
That thon noldeit have taken mo. 

Whan that thon toke my Lidy swotd ? 
That waa ao fayr, so fresh, so free, 
80 good, that moD may wel |y]-BH 4RJ 

Of al goodnoase aha had no inet« I ' — 
Whan he had mad thai his oomplayalfl, 
fiis sorowftll berte gnn faste faynto, 
And hie spirites weien dede ; 
nio blood was flod. for pare dredi 
]>onD to his herto, to make him wnnn^ 
For wol hit felad the horte hud harm — 
To wito eek why hit was a-drad 
By kinds, uid for to make hit glad ; 
Jtir hit is membro principal 49. 

or the bodyj and that mnda al 
Bit bowe iJlftlingo and w«xo gruoe 

d pal«, fur fno blood waa una 
In no manor lime of hisi, 

Anoon thorwitb whan I aaw this, 500 
He ferdo thus evel thor ho seta, 
I woDte and stood Hebt at his feta. 
And grelte him, but be epak noght, 
Bat u^ed with hia owne thoght, 

pated iiute 505 

Why and how bis lyf might laste ; 
Him thongbte bis sorwes were so Imerte 
And lay so oolilu npon hia barta ; 
~o, tliTDTtgh bis sorwa and bevy tboght, 
Unde him that bo ne herds me noght -. 

wel nigh lost his minde, 511 
Thogh Pub, tliBt men clepa god of kinde, 

Bnl at the laste, to si^n right aoolb, 
He was war of me, bow I stood J15 

Before him, and dide c^ myn hood. 
And tgrette bim, as I bast oonde. 
Debonairly, and no-thing kmde. 
He aayde, ' I prey tboe, be not wrooth. 
T hetde thee not, to Myn tJie sooth, 5x1 
N'o I saw tboe not, sir, trowely.' 

' A ! goode air, no fora,' qnud I, 
' I anj tight sory if I have ought 
Destroablsd yow out of your thnaght ; 
Por-yivB mo if I have mis-taka." 515 

' Yis, th' amendes is light to make,' 
~ r tber lyth noon tbar-to r 




jw goodly spak this knight, 
As it had been another wight ; 5^ 

Ha made it nontber toogh ne qneyntO- 
And I saw that, and gan me aqaeynte 
With him, and fond him so trelable, 
Oigbt wonder akiliU and reaonabla, 
As ma thoghta, for al his bale. 55.5 

Anoon-right 1 gan finda a tale 
To bim, to loke wher I might ongbt 
Have more knowing of his tbongbt^ 
' Sir,' quod I. ' this game is doon ; 
I holde that this hert be goon ; 540 

Thiso hontes aonne him nowber saa.' 

I don 


' My thought ia tber 

' By oar lord,' qnod 1, ' 1 trow yow wol. 
Right so me thiakotb hy yoni ohaiB. f^s 

sir, 00 thine wol yo hare t 

Mo thinketb, in grot aorwe I yow aea 

uartes, [good] sir, yif that ya 

^$e (gooft of t^t 'Shu^tMt. 


jQglit disouro zno your wO| 
, as wis god helpe me so, 550 

) hit, yif I can or may ; 
re preye Bit by assay. 
Toy tronthe, to make yow hool, 
> al my power hool ; 
leth me of your gorwes smerte, 
itare hit may ese yonr herte, 556 
meth fal leke under your eyde.' 
that he loked on me aeyde, 
Myth, * nay, that wol not be.* 
t mercy, gode trend,' quod he, 
ke thee that then woldest so, 561 
may never the rather be do. 
. may my sorwe ^ade^. 
laketh my hewe to faHe and 


th myn nndferstonding lorn, 565 

B is iro that I was bom ! 

ght make my lorwes slyde, 

the remedies of Ovyde ; 

tiens, god of melodye, 

alns, with fplayes slye ; 570 

me may fphiiiicien, 

ipocras, ne Ckdien ; 

o that I live honres twelve ; 

o so wol assaye him-selve 

sr his herte can have pite 575 

sorwe, lat him see me. 

he, that deeth hath mad al naked 

blisse that was ever maked, 

le worste of alle wightes, 

kte my dayes and my nightes ; 580 

my lustes be me lothe, 

relfare and I be wrothe. 

re deeth is so fmy fo, 

[ I wolde deye, hit woldo not so ; 

an I folwe hit, hit wol flee ; 585 

i have i'hit, hit nil not me. 

my peyne withonte reed, 

leying, and be not deed, 

Sesiphns, that lyth in belle, 

t of more sorwe telle. 590 

10 so wiste al, by my tronthe, 

ire, bat he hadde ronthe 

'A of my sorwes sxnerte, 

an hath a feendly herte. 

o so seeth me first on morwe 595 

ni, he hath [y]-met with sorwe ; 

m sorwe and sorwe is L 

s ! and I wol telle the why ; 

My fsong is tnmed to pleyning, 

And al my laughter to weping, 600 

My glade thoghtes to hevineese, 

In travaile is myn ydelnesse 

And eek my reste ; my wele is wo. 

My good is harm, and ever-mo 

In wrathe is turned my pleyln^, 605 

And my delyt in-to sorwing. 

Myn hele is turned into seeknesae, 

In drede is al my sikemesse. 

To derke is turned al my light, 

My wit is foly, my day is night, 610 

My love is hate, my sleep waking, 

My mirthe and meles is, 

My countenaunoe is nyoete, 

And al abaved wher-«o I be, 

My pees, inpleding and in werre ; 615 

Alias ! how mighte I fare werre ? 

* My boldnesse is turned to shame. 
For fals Fortune hath pleyd a game ' 
Atte ches with me, alias ! the whyle ! 
The trayteresse fals and ful of gyle, 6ao 
That al behoteth and no-thing halt, 
She goth upright and yet she halt. 
That baggeth foule and loketh faire. 
The dispitousd debonaire. 
That scometh many a creature I 625 

An ydole of fals portraiture 
Is sho, for she wil sone wryen ; 
She is the monstres heed y-wryen. 
As filth over y-strawed with flonres ; 
Hir moste worship and hir fflour is 650 
To lyen, for that is hir nature ; 
Withoute feyth, lawe, or mesure 
She is fals ; and ever laughinge 
With oon eye, and that other wepinge. 
That is broght up, she set al doun. 635 
I lykne hir to the scorpioun. 
That is a fals flatering beste ; 
For with his hede he maketh frate. 
But al amid his flateringe 
With his tayle he wol stinge, 640 

And envenyme ; and so wol she. 
She is th' envyous charite 
That is ay fals, and semeth wele ; 
So tumeth she hir false whele 
Aboute, for it is no-thing stable, 645 

Now by the fyre, now at table ; 
Ful many oon hath she thus y-blent. 
She is pley of enchauntement,'*^ 
That semeth oon and is nat so, 

Z^t QTlinor (pom* 

Atto chos wiih mo aho gan to ploya i 
With hir taJsQ dranght^a djvera 
Sbp sUl on mo, and took 




Alofl ! i coathe do lon^r pteye, 
Bnt Beydo, " farwel, »wote, y-wis, 
And (arwal al that ever ther is 1 " 
Thorwith Portaoe uoj-da " chek hare ! " 
And "Duito!" in ^f-mid pointd of th« 
nhekkera A6u 

Wjcli a |touno erratint, aJliu I 
Fq] crailic^r to ptey alie vnj 
Than Athaliu, that made Ibe |;ame 
Fint if thechcB: so wag lii> namo. 
Bat goil wolde I hail ones Of twyoi 665 
Y-kood and knowo tho jeopordyta 
Tliat Fonde fba Ortk Pithagorea '■ 
I BliiJde have plejd tlio bet at chel, 
And kept my fen the bot thcrtry; 
And thogh whnrto f for trewoly 1S70 

I hold that wuh nut worth a Blrse . 
Hit hnd bo never the bot for mo. 
For Fortnnp can BO many a. wylo, 

And bsthenka ma evary>del. 

Sow that thar lyth io rekening, 

In m; aorwOf for no-thing ; ;oo 

Acd hotf ther laroth no gladnefljo 

Uay gladde mo of mj diitrena, 

And how I hare loat (afflsanee. 

And therto I have no plounca, 

Than may I lay, I have right noght. 703 

And whan al thia lallath in my thoght, 

Alias I tlian an I overaomo ! 

For that is doon is not to eomo ! 

I have more Borowe than Tantalc' 

And whan I berda him telle thia tala 
Thna pitoiuly, as I jow tella, 71 1 

Unnothe mighto I longer dwello, 
Hit dido myn harta so moobo wo. 

■ A I good air ! ' qood I, ' aaj not so ! 


For he no oonnted sat threv atreas 
Of no^ht that Fortnnsoondo do.' 
^ Xo,^ qood he, ' 1 oan not so.' 
'Why BO? good air! fpardol' ■ 
' Na Bay noght bo, fbr trswelj, 
Thogh ya bad lost the feraca twelw, 

W ra. Zh ®*ofi 

of tU ©uceeose. 9' 

irtbly,' i]iiad h«, ' ODID sic adDou : 

And tbn fol litel good I eonthe ; Sen 

For ftl my y/erkea were lliltinge, 

Uioo tlioolly, wiUi •! Uiy wit, 

+ADd al my thogbtes Taryinge ; 

jm cnt«TLt to berkene hit.' 

Al ware to me y-Ucho good, 

dr." ' Swere thy Irontho ther-to.' 

That I knew tho ; bat th<u l>it stood. 

Uj.' ' Do than holds her-to •. ' 

'Hit happed that I cam +a day Soj 

Uri^thlrthly.BOBodlneii.™, jsS 

Into a phico. ther fl any, 

y, with al the vitte I Iuto, 

Trewly, the fayreit cManipanyB 

yow, u wet u I can.' 

Of ladie*. that erer man vritli yd 

[DddMfaftlfr qaadbB,udb<«ui>- 

Had soon togediH in oo piaea. 

qntd he, * dth fint I wratho 

Shal I clepa tit bap <Aher grace Kici 

aay nuuiar vit tm yuntba, 760 

That broghta mo thoc ? nay, but Fortune. 

ndoly tu>dent<«diDE 

That ia to lyen fol comona, 

hnt WM, in myn owne wit. 

Qod wolde I cnnde clepo hir wnn ! 

■W, I have ever fit 

Fcr DOW she worchelh ma fill wo. £15 

Notary, and yivan nnte 765 

Anil r wol tallo »ona why bo. 

ra hoolly vith godo onIaDt«, 

ium^h plMBODoe become hia tbnl, 

Soth lo wyn. I saw Ithar) oon 

good wU, bod]', hette, and aL 

That waa lyk noon of [alj the routs ; 


For I dar iwere, wilhoota doote, Bm 

my\ori^KaidiAobQB,»go: 770 

That ai the aomorea Bonna bright 

U JwwUr ivn^dt him lo, 

H fairw, fllatof, and hatl. more hght 

nld«b«Mte «;n h«rte to, 

Than any tplntiBte, (is) in hsTon. 

Tho mono, « the Mertca ssvtn. 


For al the worlde, so had sha 8>5 

td tMa »M Itrnj., and man; »;eor 

Sormonnted ben. aUe of beonte. 

a>Broherte»aa«to-»har, 7;« 


Of atatnre and fwel set gladnosB, 



Shortly, what ahal I moraaayef Sja 

■rkytiolOTblable; 780 

By god, and by hia halwea twelve. 

ii i* ndy U> caeche and taks 

)t man *U Uierin make, 

And Lore, thai had herd my bona, BjJ 

dtUlkAtrmairetda-tM jBj 

Had eapyed me tbnl Mnii, 

•Ualo ban lamed tho, 

That she fol aono, in my thnghl. 

bars ooQd U wal or betMr, 

As belpe ma god, so waa y*aught 

. r, uUi« art or letter. 

So sodcnly, that I ne took 

I V n (Hun Ant in my tbini«hl, 

No manee f oad bnb at hir lonk 8«i 

I lOTfal » tumcbl. 790 

And at laya hette ; fbt-why bit <yen 

So gladly. I trow, ntyn herte •eyen. 


That pnrely tho rayn owne thoght 

I17 I took hit of K> yoae a^e, 

8eydo hit were -^bel aerro bir foi uaght 


Than with another to be weL 145 

taltymatimi-lloBo-thing 79J 

And hit WM sooth, for. ororydel. 

I wil anoon-right talla the* why. 

bat lyna Toutba. my maiatnaa, 

' I law Lie dannoa »o oomlily, . \ 

CatoleandiingesoswcUily. ' { 



Langba and pisyesd womanly, | |,o \ 


€6« Qtlinov l^oemB. 

Nas sejii bo bliefol a tiesore. 

Far eyecy hoer (npjou Ur hode, 855 

Soth to Hejii, hit vb^ not rode, 

Nq nuuthcr yolw. no biuan hit nofl ; 

Me Iboghte. most Ijt. ^Id hit woa. 

And whkllo eyen my lady hoddo 1 

Deboimir, goods, ghtdii, and Bodde, 860 

Simple, (if BDod mochol, noglit to wyde i 

Thorto liic look nns not B-^de, 

Nb overt hwort, bnt beset bo wbI, 

Hit~^ew (uid took up, cverydet. 

Alio that on hir gan beholds. 865 

Hir tjen fumod nnoon aho volde 

Have mercy ; footen vanden soj 

Bnt hit voB never tha rather do. 

Hit ims no coonlrefelrd thing, 

lliat Ibc goddssse, damo Natnrs, 

Had mado bom opcno by moBUCO, 

And qIoso ; for, were she never bo glad, 

Hir loklng waa not foly Bprad, 

Ne wildely, thogh that she plejde ; 875 

But ever, me tboghlo, hir eyao Boydo, 

I have no nit that can laflyae 
To comprebondelnj bir beanie ; 
Bat thus mocho dor I eeyn, that she 
Waa ^Tody, fresh, and Lyvely hewed ; 905 
And ever; day hir bsanto newed. 
And negh hie fnoe wbb aldor-heit ; 
For oettas, Nfttnns had iwich lest 
To make tlmt fair, that trewly she 
Was hir cheef patron of beautea, 9111 

And cboef Guaample of lU hir weike. 
And mouBtra ; for, be hit never flo dorke. 
He tJiinketfa 1 see hir ever-mo. 
And yet more-over, thogh alle tho 

[They] ne aboldo have fbnnde to discryve 

tn ol hir face a wikked aigne ; 

For bit was sad, simple, and henigne. 

' And vhich a goodly lot^ speche 
Had that Bwet«, my ly^'es leche ! 930 

So &endly, and Bo Wei y-^roondsdj 
Up al reaonu Bo vsl y-founded, 
And BO tretable i^ alle gode. 
That I dar aware fby the rode. 

Ne tcewec tonged, ne sooniad lasse. 

m. Zit Qg^oot of f0e 2)tu$e«6e. 


bdde, and annes, every lith 

li, fleMhy, not greet therwith ; 

whyte handes, and nayles rede, 955 

le brestes ; and of good brede 

:ppe8 were, a Btreight flat bak« 

w on hir non other lak 

d hir limmes nere fsewing, 

fer as I had Imowing. 960 

erto she oonde so wel pleye, 

I that hir liste, that I dar seye, 

the was lyk to torohe bright, 

srery man may take of light 

1, and hit hath never the leoM. 965 

manor and of comlinesse 

so ferde my lady dere ; 
rery wight of hir manere 
'/ caoche ynogh, if that he wolde, 
bad eyen hir to beholde. 970 

dar fsweren, if that she 
jDong ten thousand be, 
x>ldfi have be, at the leste, 
ef mironr of al the feste, 
I they had stonden in a rowe, 975 
mnes eyen that conde have knowe. 
her-so men had pleyd or waked, 
oghte the felawship as naked 
>aten hir, that saw I ones, 
wroone withonte stones. 980 

tly she was, to myn y6, 
>lejrn fenix of Arabye, 
ler liveth never bnt oon ; 
ich as she ne knew I noon. 

speke of goodnesse ; trewly she 985 
j§ mocho debonairte 
sr had Hester in the bible, 
Qore, if more were possible, 
soth to scyne, therwith-al 
ad a wit so general, 990 

ol enclynod to alle gode, 
al hir wit was set, by the rode, 
:>ate malice, npon gladnesse ; 
-to I saw never yet a lesse 
tat, than she was in doing. 995 

oat that she ne had knowing 

■fwas harm ; or ellcs she 
<md no good, so thinketh me. 
id trewly, for to speke of tronthe, 
be had had, hit had be ronthe. 1000 
»f she had so moche hir del — 
; dar seyn and swere hit wel — 
Tronthe him-oelf, over al and al. 

Had chose his manor principal 

In hir, that was his resting-plaoe. 100$ 

Ther-to she hadde the moste grace, 

To have sted&st perseverannoe, 

And esy, atempre govemannce, 

That ever Tknew or wiste yit ; 

So pore suffrannt was hir wit. loio 

And reson gladly she understood, 

Hit folowed wel she conde good. 

She nsed gladly to do wel ; 

These were hir maners every^eL 

* Therwith she loved so wel right, 1015 
She wrong do wolde to no wight ; 

No wight might do hir no shame, 

She loved so wel hir owne name. 

Hir luste to holds no wight in honde ; 

Ne, be thou siker, she fnolde fonde looo 

To holde no wight in balannoe, 

By half word ne by conntenannce, 

Bnt-if men wolde npon hir lye ; 

Ne sonde men in-to Walakye, 

To Pmyse and in-to Tartarye, 1025 

To Alisanndre, ne in-to Turkye, 

And bidde him faste, anoon that he 

Go hoodies f to the drye see, 

And come hoom by the Carrenare ; 

And seye, " Sir, be now right ware 1030 

T!fat I may of yow here seyn 

Worship, or that ye come ageyn I " 

She ne used no suche knakkes smale. 

* But wherfor that I telle my tale ? 
Right on this same, as I have seyd, 1035 
Was hoolly al my love leyd ; 

For certes, she was, that swete wjrf. 
My suffisaunce, my lust, my Ijrf, 
Myn hap, myn hele, and al my blisse, 
My worldes welfare and my flisso, 1040 
And I hirs hoolly, everydeL' 

' By our lord,* quod I, ' I trowe yow wel! 
Hardely, your love was wel beset, 
I not how ye mighte have do bot.' 
' Bet? ne no wight so wol ! * quod he. 1045 

• I trowe hit, sir,* quod I, ' parde ! ' 

• Nay, love hit wel ! ' ' Sir, so do I ; 
I love yow wel, that trewely 

Tow thoghte, that she was the bests, 
And to beholde the olderfaireste, 1090 
Who so had loked fwith your ejren.* 

* With myn ? nay, alle that hir seycn 
Scyde, and sworc[n] hit was so. 

And thogh they ne hadde, I wolde tho 

ZHt ^mor (poems. 

HoTO lovfld Iwet my lady fre, lojs 

Thogli I hnd hiul al tho bcaatoe 

That over hud AlcEpyadoa, 

And al the strengtba of Eranles, 

And tborto bod tho varttiiBciH. 

or AU^anndm, ajiJ nl the rioheua loto 

That ever waB in Babiloyno, 

In Carlagn, or in MooodoynB, 

And thorto bJ-bo bardy be 

Aa was Ector, »o hnTO I joye, io6s 

That Achilloa Blow at Troys — 

And therfor wik9 he nlayD aJso 

In t, tomplo, for botha two 

Ware slayn, he and +Anlilopu, 

And BO Myth Dares Prigins, 1070 

Pot !ove of [hir] Poliiona— 

Or boen aa wyn aa Uinerva^ 

I woldo Pvor, withoale lirede, 

Have loved bir, for I moite nede I 

" Nede ! " nay, f I gnhbe now, 1073 

Noght " nede," and^ wol t*Uo how, 

For of good wills myn hvrte hit nolde. 

And oek to love hir t was holds 

Ab for tie fiiirost ami tho best«. 

* She was aa good , bo faavo I resto, joSu 

Ho thoghte iii>-thing mighte me erevs, 
re my sorwea aevor ao Bmtu-te. 
[ yit ihe sit ao in myn hert«, 
That, by my troothe, I noldo nOBht, 
For al thia worlde, oat of my thoebt 1110 
Love my lady ; no, trowly ! ' 

' Xow, by my troathe, sir,' qnod 1, 
' Mo thinkoth ye have such a cbaunca 
As ahrifl withoalo repeotannoe,' 
. ' Repsntaoneo I nay fy,' qnod ha ; iiij 
* Sbolde I now repente mo 
To love ? nay, OBTtw, tban were I wel 
WerB thm was Achitofel, 
Or Anthenor, bo havo I joya, 

J trayloar that betrmjsed Troye, ii» 
the false Qenelon, 
that parcbaaed Ihe treaon 
Of Bowlaad and of Olivero. 
Nay, why! I am a^lyve bere 
! nil foiyeto hir noTaT'mo.' iijj 

' Now, gode sir,' qnod I [right] tho. 
Ye ban wel told me ber-bdfore. 
t is DO need raheFso bit mors 
low ya BHwe bir Cnt, and where ; 
Bot woldo yo telle me tho monoro, n^ 
To bir which waa yonr firato Bpccho — 

m. Itit (god of t^t ®uc$eeee. 

Bm^ I dill m; b 

Toaak* MDCM, H 

iad iAa tyiDe I aoag hem loa^e ; 

lad Bsila SMigM * e^et del, 

IMiiagli I oowia not makA n wal 

« (ons Tahul, 
&a food cmt ftnt the «rt of «ong« ; 
I4r. •• liis tiratiwn 1uun>i> rongo 
rjoa bia niiTalt Dp Bad doau, 
Uaitf iiA took tlie Bnta bood ; 
In OrvkH ■oyn, PietagoiM, 
n^ ks the fiisM fij 



Bti Ibenf Du foo, of h«m (vD. 117a 

UcttM (ongM thiu I mitda 

Of af faliag, iD7n faerte to glsdo ; 

Aadlot tbui waaltbe] ulibei^SnM, 

1 nut iitiBr Ithst} bU wera tha wersta.^ — 

T " lord, hit uuluth 111711 herta light. 

Whan I thenk« oD thmt swats wight 1176 

ThU ia ai> Min»]y on to lee ; 

And winhe ta eixl bit might to be, 
IhM Bbe wolda holde me for hir knight, 
K7 Udf , that ia Co Bur and bright ! " — 

' Xcn» bave I told thee, wnth to aayn, 
H; Sntu King. [ Upon adsTs 1181 

I bMhogbta me what wo 
Aod aaiwe that I suffrod tho 
For hir, and ;et ahe wiste hit uoght, i iG; 
Sa tella bir dtinM I nat ray thoght. 
" iUaa • " thoghle I, '■ I can no reed ; 
And, bat I t«Ua fair. I fnam hot deed ; 
Ajtdif IteUahir, tomre faooth, 
I ain a-dred aha wvl b« wrooth ; 1 190 

AllHt whatahall thaoQado?" 

U» Uuclito mjra harta hraata a-tw^yu I 
I ma batho«bM that natui 

So mcobe b«»ot«, trowtdy. 
And bonnt*, wilhoDten mere;. 

■ In hoin at that, my tola I toUe 
nth aorm, aa that I ueTei aholde, 1 
Fw uadM ; and, niangree my heed, 
J. I tuwte have told hir 
' I not wel bow that I begaa. 
I VnJ aval nhencCa] bit I eaa -, 
I And atik. aa halpa me god wilh- 
I Uoire bU «M in tlu diamol, 

That was th« tan wonndM of Egipte ; 
For man}' a word I ovop-aVJpto 
In my tab), for pun fare 
Lest mj wordaa mle-aot were. 
With lorwalnl herto, and woandM ded^ 
Softe and quaking for pure dreda 
And abuae, and itinting in my tale 
For forde, luid mjn hewa al pala, 
Ful otle 1 wax botho pala arul reed ; 
Bcming to bir, I heug the heed ; 
I doTEtB nat ODSa loke hir on, 
For wit, manoro. ond kl waa gon, 
I aeyde "meri-j 1" and do more; 
Hit naa no gHme, hit aat me 
' So atte lasle, sooth to an, 
Whan that myn. hsrt« WM ' 
To tpJlo ahoTtly al my ipaoh 
With houl hette I gas hii beaeeh* 
That aha wotde be my Udy aweta ; 
And iwor, acd gan hir hertely hate 
Ever to be itcdfast and tcewe. 
And loTfl hir alwey &eably tiewe, 
And never other lady have. 
And al hir worship for to uve 
Aa I beat ooada ; T iwor hir thla — 
'' For youroa ia al that aver tber ia 

And navar tfalia yow, bat I mete, 
I nil, aa »i« god iielpa ma ao 1 ■^~' 
* And whan 1 had my tale y^^lo, 
Ood wot, ahe acopnted nat a atrea 
Of al my tale. Bo tbogbto me. 
To teUa shortly fas hit i», 
Trowly hir anawora, hit waa thin 1 
I eaa not now wel oouaterfate 
Hir wordea, but thia wu the grate 
Of hir anaworo ; she snyds. " nay " 

Hie Borwe I sufired, and the w 
That trewly Cassandra, that B( 
Bewayled the dBxtmccioaa 
Of Troye and of niouD, 
Had never awlch ■> 
I dunte no morD say tl 



'So hit befal, anothec yare, 
I tliua^hto ones I wolda fondo 
Tn do )iir knowe and nndentonda IiSo 
My wo ; acil eha wal audoretood 
TliiLt t no wilDcd thing iint guDcl, 
And worship, and to kupo iiir DAme 
Over f al thitig» and dreda liir ■huziei 
And wua bo bay hir l« Berro ; — 1165 

Ad.I pits were I ahaide sterve, 
Silb that I wilned Doon harm, y-wis, 
fk> whHD m; lady knew ikl this, 
My iady yi^moalhiwily 
The nobis yift of bir roercy. "Jo 

Saving hir wonhip, by ai wejes ; 

And therwith aha yaf ma n ring; 

I irowo hit waa the Qrato thing ; 

Bui il' myn imrte was y-waie 1J75 

Olsd, (tiat is no noed to aia I 

Aa hdipo me god, I waa aa blyrOi 

Hoysed, aa [to detho to lyre, 

Of alio hnppoB tha aider-boBte, 

Tlio ghiddust and the matte at roate, laSo 

For IreKtly, that aa-eW wight, 

^^'lta□ I had wrong uad aha the right. 

She wolde atwey ao goodciy 

^6e QTlinor IJ>fi«iw. 

So wel, I can nat telle how.' 

• Sir.' qnod I. ' wlior is aha now ? ■ 
■ Now ! ' qnod ha, and atinta anoon. 

Tberwith bo weK aa deed as Btoon, 1300 
And acyde. ' alius ! that 1 was bore ', 
That waa the los, that her-bofore 
I tolde thee, that I had lorn. 
Bethenk how I aeyde her-befom, iiu) 
"Than wort fol litel what thoo menest ; 
I have lost more than thon weneet "— 
God wot, alias I right that was aho ! ' 

' AUai ! sir. bow ? what may that be ? ' 
'She ia deed I' 'Nay I' ' Yia, by my 

trontho ! ' 
' I» that yonr Io« ? by gsd, hit ia ronthe ; " 

And with that w(»de, right anoon, ijii 
They gan to atrake forth ; al was doon, 
For that tyma, tbo hert-hnnting. 

With that, me thng;bte, that tbia kins 
Oan [qnikly] boomward for to ryde 13J5 
Unto a place i- Iher bo^ilat 
Which waa from na bnt a lyta, 
A long oaalel with waUea whylo, 
By aeynt Joban I on a ricba hil, 

IV. t^$i CompUgfii ^ (jKiatB. 



Tk$ P romi L 

*OiJki«TB, ye ftolM, of tlie morow gray, 
L»! Y«niu risen mmnmg yon rowes rede ! 
And flDorea fiwuihe, honoozetth ye thii 

Vor whma the ■osuie uprist, then wol ye 

Baft ye lorera, thai lye in any drede, 5 
FleMii, leal nikked tongea yow eapye ; 
Le! yond tlie aoime, the oandel of jeloeyel 

With teraa blewe, and with a woonded 

Taketh your le^ ; and, with aqynt John 

to DOfO'W, 

Apceaih aomiHiat of your aorowea amerie, 
Tyme oometh eft, that oeae ahal your 

The ^UmIo night ia irorth an hevy 

Seynt Yalentyne f a fool thus hexde I 

Tpon thy day, er aonne gan np-springe). — 

Yet aaag thia fool — * I rede yow al a-wake, 

And ye, that han not ohoaen in hnmble 

wyae, 16 

Withoat repenting cheaeth yow your 

And ye, that han fol chosen as I devyae. 
Yet at the leate renoreleth your senyse ; 
Confermeth it perpetoaly to dure, 90 

And paciently taketh your aventnre. 

And for the worship of this hye feate. 
Yet wol I, in my briddes wyse, singe 
The sentenoe of the oompleynt, at the 

That woftil Man made atte departinge a$ 
Fro fteashe Yenns in a morweninge, 
Whan Fhehns, with his i^^ torches rede, 
RansaKi^rt every lover in his drede. 

Ths Story, 
% Whylom the thridde hevenea lord 

Aa l^ desert, hath wonne Yenns his love, 
And she hath take him in snlgeooionn, 
And as a maistroase taught him his 

Comannding him that never, in hir ser-* 

Aa wel by hevipish yavohwifliin 

He nere so bold no lover to despyse. 55 

For ahe forbad him jeloeye at alle, 
And cmelte, and host, and tirannye ; 
She made him at hir lost so humble and 

That when hir deyned caste op him hir yS, 
He took in pacienoe to live or dye ; 40 
And thns she brydeleth him in hir man- 

With no-thing bat with aoonrging of hir 


Who regneth now in blisse bat Yenos, 
That hath this worthy knight in govem« 

Who singeth now bat Mars, that serveth 

thus 45 

The faire Yenns, oanser of plesannce ? 
He bynt him to perpetual obeisannoe, 
And she bynt hir to loven him for ever, 
Bat so be that his trespas hit dissever. 

Thns be they knit, and regnen as in heven 
By loking most ; til hit fil, on a tyde, 51 
That by hir bothe assent was set a steven, 
That Mara shal entre, as fikste as he m«y 

Into hir nezte paleys, to abyde. 
Walking his ooars til she had him a-take» 
And he preyde hir to haste hir for his 

sake, S^ 

Then seyde he thna— " myn hertes lady 

Ye knowe wel my misohef in that place ; 
For sikerly, tU that I with yow mete, 59 
My lyf stent ther in aventnre and grace ; 
Bat when I aee the beaate of yonr &ce, 
Ther is no dreed of deeth may do me 

For al yoor lost is ese to myn herte.** 

'Z^t QTltnor fp^tms. 

That dwellsUi in aoUtade til Bliecome ; 65 
Forhit dtood so, that ilke 15^1x0^ nowigbt 
CoUDBoyled hiuiT ne aeydd to kim welcome. 
That Digh liir wit for wo wu overcome ; 
WhcrforD slio speddo bit as fiista in hir 

Almost in 

Tlio greto joye tint wna bstwix hem two, 
Whan they be met, tbcr may no tnngo 

Ther ia no morp, bat onto Iwd they ro, 
And thiia in joyo ood blisao I lele hem 

dwell ; 
This worthy Uurg, that is of knigbthod 

Sojonmod hath tbis Man. of which I»ede, 

In chftmbra wnid the paleya primely 

A certeyti tytne, til bim fel (h dreds, Ro 

Through Phobns, that was mmsn basloly 

Within the paloys-yates Wnrdoly, 

With torche In honde, of which tbo 

Btrenies bright^ 
OnT.? " "" 

His mighty spere, as he was 

He ihokct^ so that almost it to- 
Fnl hsvy he was to walken over 

O wofnl MiuB ! alaa 1 what moyat thou 

That in tbs palsys of thy disCnrbMina* 
Alt loft behinde, in peril t« be sleyn ? 
And yet thor-to is double thy penftaQee^ 
For she, that hath thyn hsrte in goVBrn- 

Is piwged faalfe the atramss of thyn ySn ; 
That thou nere Bwitt, wot mayit thou 

wepe and crjen. 
Now floeth Venus no-to Cyleuius tour. 
With Toide cours, for fere of Phebna light. 
Alas ! and ther bo hath she no socour, 115 
For aha ne fond ne saw no manor wight ; 
And eek as ther she hbd but litil might ; 
Wher-for, hir^selven for to hyrle and wve, 
Within the gate ifae flodde into a oava. 
Dork waa this cavs, and smoking aa tho 

hclle, iiu 

IV. Z$€ Compfipnt of Qllatrtf. 


How 'f'lMlpe god Miy V«niis allone I 141 
Bat^ as god wdlde, bit liapped for to be, 
Thmtf yrhji that Yemui imping nuide bir 

Qyimint, rj^ng in bii oberanob^ 144 
F^ Yamis Talaaoe migbte bis pal^ys tee, 
And Yenus be ssloetb, and maketb obere, 
And bir l a o e j f ei h as bis ft«nd Ail dere. 

Man dwiUetb Ibrtb ia bis advargitee, 
Gomplejning ever on bir de|Murtinge ; 
And what bis oompltyni iras, remem- 

breib me ; 150 

And tbeifore, in tbis lusty morweninge, 
As I beat ean, I irol bit Beyn and tinge, 
And after that I wol my leve take ; 
And god yert every wigbt Joye of bit 


The Ckmipleynt of Mars. 

The Proem <nfths CompUynt 

H The ordrt of oompleynt re<iairetb ikil- 
ftiUy, X55 

Thai if a wigbt tbal pl^yne pitoasly, 
Their mot be caiite wherfor tbat men 
Or men nuky deme be pleynetb folily 
And caotelet ; alat ! that am not 1 1 
Wberfor the ground and cante of al 
my peyne, 160 

80 as my troubled wit may bit ateyne, 
I wol reberte ; not for to have redrette. 
Bat to declare my ground of bevinesie. 


^ The firstetyme, alat! tbatlwaswrogbt, 
And for certeyn effeotet bider brogbt 165 

By bim tbat lordetb ecb intelligence, 
I yaf my trewe tervite and my tbogbt, 
For evermore — ^how dere I have bit 
To bir, tbat it of to gret excellence, 
Tbat what wigbt that first theweth bit 
pretence, 170 

When the it wroth and taketh of bim no 

He may not longe in jo3re of love endure. 

Thit it no feyned mater tbat I telle ; 
Hy lady it the vermj soars and welle 

Of beaute, lutt, fredom, and gentil- 

netse, 175 

Of riobe aray — bow dere men bit telle ! — 

Of al disport in which men frendly dwelle. 

Of love and pl^, and of benigne hum- 

Of tonne of inttmments of al twetneste ; 
And therto to wel fortuned and thewed, 
That through the world bir goodnette is 
y-ahewed. 181 

What wonder is then, thogb tbat I be- 

liy tervite on suche oon, tbat may me 
To wele or wo, sith bit lytb in hir 
might ? 184 

Therfor my berte for ever I to bir bette; 
Ne trewly, for my dethe, I sbal not letta 
To ben bir trewest strvaont and bir 

I flater noght, tbat may wite every 
Fbr this day in bir tervite tbal I dye ; 
But grace be, I tee bir never with y6. 190 

A Lady in fear and woe. 

IT To whom thai I than plesme of my dit- 

Who may me belpe, who may my harm 
Sbal I oomplejme unto my lady free ? 
Nay, oertet ! for the hath tuch hevinette, 
For fere and eek fbr wo, that, as I gette, 
In litil ^rme bit wol bir bane be. 196 
But were the tanf^ bit wer no fort of me. 
Alat ! that ever lovert mote endure. 
For love, to many a perilout aventure ! 

For thogb to be that lovert be as trewe 200 
As any metal that is forged newe. 

In many a cat hem tydeth ofte torowc 

Somtyme hir ladiet will not on hem rewc, 

Somtyme, jdf that jelosye hit knewe, § 

They mighten lightly leye hir heed to 

borowe ; 305 

Somtyme envyout folke with tunget 


Depraven hem ; alat I whom may they 

But he be lalt, no lover bath bit ete. 

B a 

t^t Qninor fpotms. 

Dirt what aTsilatli m6he a longBsnn 
Of aTOntorea of low. np ond doun? 

I wol rotnrno and Bpekan of my peyne ; 
The point ia thU of my doatmccioiui 
Uy rights lady, my sulvaciotu, 

Ta in aSr&y, and not to wham to pleyne. 

O herta "WBte, O lady sororeyiia 1 
i'oT yonr dlwao, wal o^te I vwonne i 

riiogh I DOD other Iiarm ne drede fel 

Inttability qf BappineOM. 
T To what lyn mads the god that li 

And than hir joye, for oght I can eipye, 
Ne loBtetb not tha twinkelinK of an yC, 
And Bomnia han novor joya til they bo 

That eveiy iriEht, that catu oi 


Sa wends nnoD to worths onl 

of hi<i 

What meneth this P what ia thia miatl- 
^^Iiarto constnynolh he Lis Folk ao Carta 
Tiling to deayre, but bit shulde lasts ? 
And thogh he made a Invpr love a tbi _ 
Atidmakethbit aemoBtedfnstandiinrin^. 

So aore the beanta woldo hia harte bindo, 
TU ha bit badde, him thoghta he moato 

Asdwhau that hit iraa his, than ahnlda 

Snch wo for drede, ay whyl that ha hit 

That walnigh fbr the Are he aholde 

And whan hit was fro bia posaaaaioan. 
Than had he doabla wd and paiaiona ijj 

For he an fair a traaor bad forgo ; 
Bnt yet thia hrocha, aa in ooncliurioQn. 
Waa not lbs oanae of thia Donfnsionn ; 

But ho that wroghta hit enfortoned hit 

That oTory wight that had hit ahnld 

V. Z$t (pAtttmtud ^ iS^uk0* 


Aad je, mj hidiM, thai ben taranre and 

Bf ^mj of kinds, ye oghten to be aUe 
To have pite of folk that be in p^yne : 

Vow have ye caoae to clothe yow in mble ; 

Sitli that yoor emperioe, the honorable, 
Is desolat, wel oghte ye to pleyne ; a86 

, Kow ahnld yoor holy teref fkJIe and 

▲las ! yoQx bonoor and your emperioe, 

Hli^ deed for drede, ne can hir not 
ehstisa 4 

Oompleyneth eek, ye lovers, al in-f ere, 390 
For hir that, with nnfeyned hnmble chere, 

Was ever redy to do yow sooonr ; 
Compl^meth hir that ever hath had yow 

Compleyneth beante, fredom, and manere ; 
Complsyneth hir that endeth jroor la- 
bour; ^95 
Compleyneth thilke eniample of al 
That never dide bat al gentilesse ; 297 
Xytheth therfor on hir som kindeneasc^' 




Tmb lyf so short, the craft so long to leme, 
Th'assay so hard, so sharp the conqnering, 
The dredftil joye, that alw^ slit so yeme, 
Al this mens I by love, that my feling 4 
Astonyeth with his wonderful worohing 
80 sore y-wis, that whan I on him thinks, 
Kai wot I wel wher that I wake or winke. 

For al be that I knowe not love in dede, 
Ke wot how that he quyteth folk hir byre, 
Tei happetb me Ail ofte in bokes rede 10 
Of his miracles, and his omel yre ; 
Ther rede I wel he wol be lord and tyre, 
I dar not Btynfhi» strokes been so 8ore,«^ 
Bnl^god save swioh a lord 1 I can no 

Y Bat now to parpos as of this matere — 
To rede forth hit gan me so delyte, 
That al the day me thoaghte bat a Ijrte. 

This book of which I make mencioan. 
Entitled was al thas, as I shal telle, 30 
* Tallias of the dreme of Scipioon * ; 
Ghapitres seven hit hadde, of hevene and 

And erthe, and soules that therinne 

Of whiohe, as shortly as I can hit trete, 54 
Of his sentence I wed yoa seyn the grete. 

Of usage, what for lasts what for lore, 15 
On bokes rede I ofte, as I yow tolde. 
Bat -wheriot that I speke al this? not yore 
Agotn, hit happed me for to beholde 
Upon a boke, was write with lettres olde ; 
And ther«pon, aoerteyn thing to leme,ao 
Hie longe day fol fiMte I radde and yemew 

For oat of olds fddes, as men seith, 
Oosasth al this newe com firo yeer to yere ; 
And oat of olda bokes, in good feith, 
Cometh al this newe science that men 


First telleth hit, whan Soipionn was come 
In Afrik, how he mette liassinisse, 
That him for jo3re in armes hath y-nome. 
Than telleth fhit hir speohe and al the 

That was betwix hem, til the day gan 

misse; 40 

And how his aonoestre, African so dere, 
Gkm in his slope that night to him appere. 

Than telleth hit that, fro a steny place, 
How African hath him Cartage shewed, 
And warned him before of al his graoe, 45 
And leyde him, what man, lered other 

That loveth coman profit, wel y-thewed, 
He shal anto a blisfal place wende, 

as A Ther as joye is that last withouten ende. 

tt$e QTlfner (potnuL 

II11U1 asked he, if Tolk that keer be dade 
Have tyf and dwellingin anotliBr pla™ ; ji 
And Afrioon Buyde, 'ye, ■rithonW drode,' 
And tliat our prosont worldofl lyvea space 
N'ia bot a maner deth, what wuy we trace, 
And rightful folk shal go. after they dyo, 
Tu IiovCB ; and ahewed biin the galajtye. jO 
Tlian shewed ha him the litel erthe, that 

At regard of tlie hevenev qoantite; 
\Dd afler ahewad ha him the TiTne sperea, 
And nitor that the melodye herdo he &i 
Tliat Fometh of thilke sperea thiyea three, 
That iToUo is of mosyke and oislodye 
In tills world hear, and cause of araionyij. 

Than bad Lu him, sin ertha was so lyte. 
And fid of torment and of hardegraoe, 65 
That he no Bhnlda him in the world 

TliAu tolde ho him, in csrteyn yaras apace, 
That ovGry sterro sholde come iuta bis 

Thar hit waa flrat ; and al shnlde di 

Tliat in thiawi 

don of al mimkin< 


a I hadda thing whiah that ( 

But ^ally my spirit, at the tut«, 
For-wery of my loboor U tio dlay, 
Took mat, that modo me to alepa fiute, 
And in my slapo 1 mette, as I lay, 9; 

Eav Airictm, right in that selfe aray 
That ScipioOQ Urn saw before that 

^Waa comon, and stoodright at myboddej 

The wery hunter, elepingB in his bed, 
To wode ayein his mindo goib anooQ ; nio 
The jogs dremeth how hia pleea ben 

Tha carter dremeth how hia oartos goon ^ 
The riche, of gold; the knight fight with 

Ths lover m«t he hBtliluBla4ywetu]«. 1^$ 
Can I nat sejn if that the cause wars 
For I had red of A&ioMi befara. 
That made me to mete that he stood 

V. Z$€ iptackmttd cf foutt^ 


Of wliitth I ilud 70W any the jgl&yn lan- 

'Tbocsb ne man goon in^to that bUafVil 

and dacUj vonndea oua ; 
man goon nnto the welle of 

Itar grane and Ivrnty Mmy thai ever 

TUa la iba iPi^ to al good vrantore ; 
Be giad, thou reder, and thy aoorwe of- 

▲1 open am I; pane in, and hy the 

' Tliocgfa me men goon,' than apak that 

other iiyde, 
* Unto the mortal strokea of the spere, 135 
Of whieh Diadajn and Dannger ia the 

Tber tiee ahal nerer froit ne levea here. 
Thia atreem yon ledeth to the sorwfVil 

Ther aa the flah in prison is al drye ; 
Th*eaeheiring ia only the remedye.* 140 

ThlaeTera of gold and blak y-writen were, 
Hie whiche I gan a stonnde to beholdo, 
For with that oon encresed ay my fere, 
And with that other gan myn herto bolde ; 
That oon me hette, that other did mo 
oolde, 145 

No wit had I, lor erroor, for to cheee. 
To antra or flee, or me to mve or leae. 

Bight aa, betwixen adamanntes two 
Of eren might, a pece of iren y-set, 149 
That hath no might to mere to ne fro-^ 
For what that on may hale, that other 

Ferda I, that niato whether me was bet. 
To Mitre or lore, til AMcan my gyde 
Me hente, and shoof in at the gatea 

And aeyd*! * ^^ etondeth writen in thy 

fluse, 155 

Thyn erroor, though thon telle it not to 

Bat died thee nat to oome in-to this 

For thia wrsrting ia no-thing ment by 

Ke by noon, bat he Loves servant be ; 
For thon of love hast lost thy tast, I 

gease, 160 

As seek man hath of sweto and bitter- 


Bnt natheUs, al-thoogh that thon be 

Tit that thon oanst not do, yit mayst 

thon see; 
For many a man that may not stonde 

'nt lyketh him at the wrestling for 

to be, i<^ 

And demeth yit wher he do bet or he ; 
And if thon haddest cunning for t*endyte, 
I shal thee shewen mater of to wzyte.* 

With that my bond in his he took anoon, 
Of which I comfort canghte, and wento 

in &sto; 170 

Bnt lord I so I was glad and wel begoon ! 
For over-al, wher that I myn eyen oaste, 
Were treds clad with leves that ay shal 

Eohe in his kinde, of colour fresh and 

As emeraude, that joye was to sene. 175 

The bildor ook, and eek the hardy asshc ; 
The pilar elm, the cofre unto careyne ; 
The boxtree piper; holm to whippes 

lasshe ; 
The sayling flrr; the cipres, deth to 

pleyne ; 179 

The sheter ew, the asp for shafbes plojrno ; 
The olyve of pees, and eek the drunken 

The victor palm, the laurer to defvyne, 

A garden saw I, tal of blosmy bowes. 
Upon a river, in a grene mede, 1R4 

Ther as that swetnesse evermore y-now is. 
With flourea whyto, blewe, yelowe, and 

rede ; 
And colde welle-stremes, no>thing dede, 
That swommen tal of smale flsshes lighte, 
With finnes rede and scales silver-brighte. 

On every bough the briddes herde I singe. 
With voyi of aongel in hlr armonye, 191 



104 ZU Qninor (poema. 

Bom beeyed bam Iiir bricidH faith to 

And upon pilera grete of jasper longe 9)o 


Tho litsl oonyos to hir pley gnnne hye, 
And fkrthsr kl aboute I gsu DSpre 

The dredfia roo, the bni, the hart and 

binde, .gj 

Faire of hem-Hl^ and aomme of hem 

In kirtfia, al diaBhavele, vecte they 

tha»_ .,f 

That god, that maker ii of al and lord, 

That waa hir offios alwey. year by yere — 

No horde never better, a. I gone; m> 

And on tho temple, of doves whytc and 

Therwith a wind, oimetbe hit mi^t be 


Saw I aittinge nuaiy a bnndrod paiie . 

Made in the levea gnne a noiM lofte 
Aoordant te the fonle* songe on-lofle. 

Dama Pees sat. with a onrtoyn in hir 

The air of that place bo atteOipre vna 

bond; 14" 

That never was gcevaunoa of hoot no 

And hir bosyda, wonder diwiretly. 

Dama Facienee aittiiiK tber 1 fond 

Tber wei eok every holeom epyoe and 

With face pais, npon an hiUe of aond ; 


And aldar-neit, within and e«k with- 

Ne so man may tber weie seek ne old ; 

onte, m 

Yet was tber joye more a thouBand fold 

Behaat and Art, and of hir foUte a nrata. 

Then man can teUe; no c«ver wolde it 

But ay eleer day to any mannea li^te. 

Within the tamplo, of ayghaa hole U fyr 

1 hcrda a Bwogh that gas abonte renne ; 

Which ayghes wore engendred with desyr, 

L'ndera tr«, besyde a wello, I Bay iti 

That maden every antw for to bninne 

V. Zit (pAtttmtifd of JbttCttf. 


Br gflte Imvm with m (oldea threde 
T-bMDid0i& w«re, nntarMMd m the lay, 
lad luJcad firo th« breste onto the hede 
Mmt might hir we ; and, lothly for to 

Ike iwnenant wel kerered to my pay 
Bfi^ with a sahtil kerohef of Valence, 
no thikVer doth of no de- 

Tha plaea yaf a thousand mvonn awote, 
lad Baohva, god of wyn, mi hir be^yde, 
Ai^ Oeraa naxt^ that doth of hunger 
bote; 276 

And, aa I aaide, amiddea lay C^^zyde, 
To whom cm knees two yonge folkes 

To ban hir help ; bat thus I leet hir lye. 
And farther in the temple I gan espye 

That, in di^yte of Diane the ehaste, 181 
Fnl many a bowe y-broke heng on the 

Of maydeaa, soohe as gonne hir tymes 

In hir aei f js e ; and peynted over al 
Of many a story , of whioh I toncheshal 
A feWie, as of Calizte and Athalannte, a86 
many a mayda, of which the name I 

Bemyramos, Gandaoe, and Ercnles, 
Biblia, Dido, Tisbe and Piramos, 
Tristram, Isooda, Paris, and Achilles, ago 
Slayaa, Caeopatre, and ^tnlns, 

Mid eek the moder of Bomnlns — 
these were peynted on that other 
And al hir loia, and in what plyte they 

Whan I was oome ayen into the place 195 
That I of spak, that was so swote and 

Yarih walk I tho, my-selTen to solace. 

I war wher that ther sat a 

That, as of light the somer-sonne shene 
Paasath the sterre, ri^t so over mesnre 
She direr was than any oreatore. 301 

And in a lannda, npon an hille of flonres, 
Was sat this noble goddease Katore ; 

Of farannohes were hir halles and hir 

Y-wTooght after hir orafb and hir mesnre ; 
Ne ther nas fool that cometh of en- 

gendrore, 306 

That they ne were prest in hir presence, 
To take hir doom and yeve hir audience. 

For this was on seynt Valentynes day, 
Whan every fool cometh ther to dieee 

his make, 5>o 

Of every kinde, that men thenke may ; 
And that so huge a noyse gan they 

That erthe and see, and tree, and every 

So tal was, that onnethe was ther space 
For me to stonde, so Ail was al the place. 

And right as Aleyn, in the Fleynt of 
Kinde, 316 

Devyseth Nature of aray and fSace, 
In swioh aray men mighte[n] hir ther 

This noble emperesse, fhl of grace, 
Bad every foul to take his owne place, 320 
As they were wont alwey fro yeer to 

Seynt Yalentsmes day, to stonden there. 

That is to sey, the fonles of rav3me 
Were hyest set; and than the foules 

That eten as hem nature wolde enclyne. 
As worm, or thing of whiohe I telle no 

tale ; 3^6 

But water-foul sat lowest in the dale ; 
And foul that liveth by >eed sat on the 

And that so fele, that wonder was to 


Ther mighte men the royal egle flnde, 
That with his sharpe look peroeth the 

Sonne; 35^ 

And other egles of a lower kinde. 
Of which that clerkes wel devysen connew 
Ther was the tyraunt with his fethres 

And greye, I mene the goshauk, that 

doth pyne 335 

To briddes for his outrageons ravynsw 


^$« Qntnor Ipoems. 


ecnta fftu 



with hi. feat 


kingBB ho 






Him-ialf ful oft 

e, tl 


e for to aeke ; 

Thw w»s the 

rith fair eyen 


Ths jaloas awl 


hi! deth tUi 



ooJo eak, 

that of dethe tbe boda 





mt, wits hU trompei 

Tho theof, the chogh ; and oek the i»ng- 

liiig pyo ; MS 

Tho »ixiniiiig jv 1 Oi« s'™ '"'■ **"* 

The falro lapwing, tal ottneherim; 
The »t»ro, that tho ooqiimj-I (j»q bewiye ; 
The tame rnddnk : and tbe coward kyts ; 
The cok. that oiloge ii of thorpec lyte ; sso 
The siuirow, Tenus Bono ; tho uigbtln- 

That clppoth forth tho frgasho level no« 

i«B or for to t«ke, 3;< 
Bs bit u»rd, his fonnel or hie make. 
Bnt to tbo poynl— Natnro held on bii 

A fonnel ogle, of ahap tbo gentileate 
That ever she Hmoug hit -werkee foodo, 
The most benigne and tlie goadlieelo ; 
In hir was evety Tartu at his rest«, JT* 
So forforth, that Natore bir-wU bat 

To loke on bir, and ofte hir bek to UmB, 
Natnjo, tho vioaire of th'almyghty lorde 
That hoot, cold, havy, lisht, [andj rooigi 

and dreyo 3^ 

Hath fcoit by erm nonmbre of aoorde, 
In e«y voU hegan to «poke and neyo, 
'Tonlea, tak beds of my aBuIenoa, 1 

Aud, for your ete, in furthering of yoai 

ued^ iS- 

Ai faate aa I may Bpete, I wol ms apedc. 
Ye know vel bow, wynt Talontynes day 
By my Btatat and tbrongh my gover 

bo oheae — and flee yonr way— 

V. Z^ {p^ttmint of ^outu^ 


lalts, in this condieionn 
ha ohoyi of evwrioh that it here, 
I rngnt^ to his eleocionn, 409 

he he that shnlde heen hir fere ; 
iir usage alwey, firo yeer to yere ; 
o so may at this time have his 

il lyme he com in-to this place.' 
d endjned and with ftil hnmUe 

al tercel spak and taried nought ; 
oy soYereyn lady, and noght my 

and ohese with wille and herte 
mel on your hond so wel y- 

im al and ever wol hir serve, 
hir list, to do me live or sterve. 

ighir of mercy and of grace, 421 
bat is my lady sovereyne ; 
e dye present in this place. 
BS, long may I not live in peyne ; 
lyn herte is corven eveiy veyne ; 
vward [al] only to my troathe, 426 
> herte, have on my wo som 

lat I to hir he fotinde untrewe, 
annt, or wilfVil negligent, 
or, or in prooes love a newe, 450 
» yoa this he my jngement, 
h these foules I he al to-rent, 
9 day that ever she me finde 
atrewe, or in my gilte nnkinde. 

that noon loveth hir so wel as I, 
9 never of love me hehette, 436 
;hte she he myn thonrgh hir 

r hond can I noon on hir knette. 
tr, for no wo, ne shal I lette 439 
a hir, how fer so that she wende ; 
t yow list, my tale is at an ende.' 

the firesshe, rede rose newe 
» somer-sonne oolonxed is, 
» for shame al wexen gan the 

dnnel, whan she herde al this ; 
ther answerde *wel,* ne seyde 
^ 446 

So sore ahasshed was she, til that Nature 
Seyde, * doghter, drede yow noght, I yow 

Another tercel egle spak anoon 

Of lower kinde, and seyde, * that shal 

not he; 450 

I love hir het than ye do, l^ seynt John, 
Or atte leste I love hir as wel as ye ; 
Andlenger have served hir, in my degree. 
And if she shnlde have loved for long 

loving, 454. 

To me allone had heen the guerdoning. 

I dar eek seye, if she me flnde fkls, 
Unkinde, jangler, or rehel any wyse, 
Or jalons, do me hongen 1^ the hals ! 
And hat I here me in hir servyse 
As wel as that my wit can me snil^Be, 460 
Fro poynt to poynt, hir honour for to 

Tak she my lyf, and al the good I have.' 

The thridde tercel egle answerde tho, 
* Now, sirs, ye seen the litel leyser here ; 
For every foul oryeth oat to heen a-go 465 
Forth with his make, or with his lady 

And eek Katare hir^elf ne wol nought 

For tazying here, noght half that I wolde 

And hat I speke, I mot for sorwe deye. 

Of long servyse avaonte I me no-thing. 
Bat as possible is me to dye to-day 471 
For wo, as he that hath ben langnisshing 
Thise twenty winter, and wel happen may 
A man may Mrven het and more to pay 
In half a ]rere,al-thoagh hit were no more, 
Than som man doth that hath served fiiil 
yore. 47^ 

I ne Bsy not this by me, for I ne can 
Do no servyse that may my lady plese ; 
Bat I dar seyn, I am hir trewest man 
As to my dome, and feynest wolde hir ese ; 
At shorte wordes, til that deth me sese, 481 
I wol ben hires, whether I wake or winke. 
And txewe in al that herte may bethinke.' 

Of al my lyf, sin that day I was bom. 
So gentil plee in love or other thing 4^5 
Ne herde never no man me befom, 


Z^t (mt'nor gjoeitw. 

Who-[so] tbat badde 1e:t-ser and ennniiiB 
For to rcbeivo hir ohere uid hir spaking ; 
And froax the morwe gun thia f^roche Jaste 
Til doon ward drow the KmnewoniiBTfeate. 

TbM wel wende I the wodo bml al to- 

' Come of 1 ' thoy orjde, ' allM ! ya »1I as 

■hendo ! 
Whan Ebal four oazaed plediu^ have an 

Tbo gaos, the ookkow. aJ:id the doke olao 
So oryden ■ kek, kek I ' ' knkkow ! ' ' qaok, 

quek ! ' hyo, 
Tlifttthorgh myiiorosthonoysewentatho. 
The gooa ufdo, ' al this nU not worth t, 

Aoeated were to this ooaclaaiotia 
The briddM olle ; and fooloa of msyna 
Hun ohoaen 8rat, by pleyn olocoionn, 
Tbeteroalet ofthefanoon, torlKfyne gi^ 
Al hirtfentcnoe, oudOflhiialifltfteniiyiio, 
And to Nature him gonuoD to preaoDte, 
And ibo Bccopteth him with glad entanta, 
The tsrcelet seide than in this mimero : 
' Fnl hard were hit to preye hit by reootu] 
Who loveth best thie gentil formal hera : 
Por averich h«th awich raplioaoionn, jj6 
That noi^ t^ BkiUsa may bo broght 

Ye dooD me wrong, my tsle is not y-do ! 
For sirs, no taketb uoght a-gref, I preye. 
It may noght gon, as ya woMo, in thii 

V. Z^ (pAHbttemf ^ Jbufee* 


hm^a&DMk wliioh a xmou I shal 

IKj wit is riiaxp, I lov« no taiyinge ; 5^ 
I w&j% I rede him, though he were my 

B«l ihe wed lore him, l*t him love 
•Bother I' 

*Loh«ie! Aperfitreeonof agooel ' 
(^Bodtheqwriuuik; 'never mot she thee! 
Lg^ fwieh hit if to have A tonge looe ! 579 
Sow parde, fool, yet were hit bet for 

Hste holde thy peee, than shewed thy 
^ HHlythnotinhiswHttorinhiswiUe, 
{ B«t 000th hi Myd, " a fool can noght be 


Hm IiHigiiter aiooe of gentil fonles alle, 

And light anoon the eeed-fonl ohosen 
hadde 576 

The turtel trewe, and gnnne hir to hem 

And pnyden hir to stye the sothe sadde 

Of this matere, and asked what she radde ; 

And she answerde, that pleynly hir en- 
tente 580 

She wolde shewe, and sothly what she 

^Xay, godforbede alorer shnldechaunge ! ' 
TLe turtel seyde, and wex for shame al 

'Tho^ that his lady ever>more be 
■trannge, 584 

Tet let him terfv hir erer, til he be deed ; 

For sothe, I prejrse noght the gooses reed ; 

For thogli she deyed, I wolde non other 

I wol ben hirss, til that the deth me take.' 

* Wei boarded ! ' qaod the doke, * by my 
hat! 589 

That men shnlde alwey loTen, canseles, 

Who can a reson flnde or wit in that ? 

Dannoeth he mory that is mirtheles ? 

Who shnlde recche of that is reocheles ? 

Ye, qnek ! 'yit qaod the doke, ftilwel and 

' There been mo sterres, god wot, than a 
pifcire!' 595 

* Now fy, eherl ! ' qnod the gentil teroelet, 

* Oat of the donghil com that word fill 

llioa canst noght see which thing is wel 

be-set : 
Thoa farest l^ love as ooles doon by light, 
The day hem blent, ftil wel they see by 

night; 600 

Thy kind is of so lowe a wrechednesse, 
That what love is, thoa canst nat see ne 

Tho gan the cakkow patte him forth in 

For fbol that eteth worm, and seide blyve, 

* So I,' quod he, * mi^ have my make in 

pees, 605 

I recche not how longe that ye strjrve ; 
Let ech of hem be soleyn al hir lyve. 
This is my reed, sin they may not aoorde ; 
This shorte lesson nedeth noght recorda' 

* Ye ! have the glotoan fild ynogh his 

paoncho, 610 

Than are we wel ! ' seyde the merlionn ; 

* Thoa mordrer of the heysngge on the 

That broghte thee forth, thoa frewthelees 

glotoan ! 
Live thoa soleyn, wormes oorropcioan ! 
For no fors is of lakke of thy nature ; 615 
Go, lewed be thoa, whyl the world may 


' Now i>ees,' qaod Nature, * I comaande 

For I have herd al yoar opinioan, 
And in effect yet be we never the nere ; 
Bat fynally, this is my condasioon, 6w 
That she hir-self shal ban the oleccioan 
Of whom hir list, who-so be wrooth or 

Him that she cheest, he shal hir have as 


For sith hit may not here discassed be 
Who loveth hir best, as seide the tercelet-. 
Than wol I doon hir this favonr, that 

she 626 

Shal have right him on whom hir herte 

is set, 
And he hir that his herte hath on hir 


Z^t Qllinor (pittuB. 

Tbisjn^ I, NaEm 

ion other y6. 6jo 
But as for eoanBoyl for to chese > make, 
II' hit were reson, certea, thou wolda I 
Connsoylo yow the royal laroal t^ke, 
An aside the tercelat fal skilfolly, 
As for tho gentilest wid imwt wortby, 6j5 
^lilcb I have vroght so wel t« mj pled^ 

That to yow oghte boen a MufflAaunoe.^ 
With drodftd vota tha foiroel hir a 

' Mj- riBhtftxI ladj, goddessa of Nature, 
^oth ifl thAt I Am ever QTidfir your yerde, 
Lyk u 19 evcrioho othor cfontnre, &ji 
And moot bo yooroa whyl my lyf may 

Fro yow this year ; what after Bo be&Ue, 
Thii entremea u drassod for yon alle.' 66j 
And whan this weik al hroght waa to an 

This fonnel ^la spak in tliii degise, 

' AlGLighty queue, unto this yeer be doou 

lord ! tlia blisae and joye tliat they 

For ech of hem gua other in wingoa take. 
And with bir nekkea e«h gan other winds, 
Thanking slwey the nobis goddesse of 

But first were chosen foaSea for to ■ingp. 
Ab year l^- yere was alwey hir naannoa 
To ain^ a roundel at hir departinge^ 67^^ 
To do Naton hoDour and plenunce. 
The note, t trowa, makedwaain Frauope^ 
The wordei were iwich ai ye may heor 

The neite yera, aa I now have in mindo. 

QuJ blai ai'nu a lard oMI^ 
' Now weUom (omar, with thy aonno 
•ofto, 6»> 

That hast tJiis wintree wodemovor-ehak'?. 

VL Jl 

fo $to B^2* 



I. {In $e9mliM giamai.) 

Tin looge night, whAn every creataxe 
fflmlda hftve hir zeet in mmnrbM/t, mhy 
Or ellM ne maj hir lyf nat long endue, 
Hit Ikllflth meet in-to my wofbl minde 
How I ao ftr have hroght my-eelf be- 
blnde, 5 

That, SMif the deeth, ther may northing 

80 rteaeipeired I am from alle hHwe. 


thoght me laeteth til the 

And from the morwe forth tilhit be ere; 
Ther nedeth me no oare for to borwe, 10 

For bothe I have good leyaer and good 

Thar ia no wight that wol me wo bereve 
To wepe y-nogh, and wailen al my fille ; 
The sore epark of p^yne fdoth me ipille. 

H. {In Tom SIma; imperfeCL) 

[fThe aore epark of peyne doth me spille ;] 

Thia Love hath [eek] me let in fwioh a 

plaoe 16 

That my de^yr [he] never wol ftdfllle ; 

For neither pitee, mercy, neither grace 

Gan I nat finde ; and ffro my lorwAil 


For to be deed, I can hit nat araoe. so 

Tha more I love, the more ihe doth me 

■merte ; 

Through which I eee, with-onte remedye. 

That from the deeth I may no wyee 

[f F6r this day in hir wrviee ihal I dye]. 

IIL (/« Tena Rima ; imptrfaet) 

(-fThns am I elain, with sorwee ftil dy- 

▼w»e; IS 

Fol longe agoon I og^ta have taken 

Now sothly, what ghe hight I wol re* 
Hir name is Bonntee, set in womanhede, 
Sadnesse in yonthe, and Beantee pzyde- 

And neaannoe, under govemaonoe and 
drede; 30 

Hir snmame eek is Faire Bewthelees, 
The Wyse, y-knit nn-to Gh>od Aventnre, 
That, for I love hir, fsleeth me giltelees. 
Hir love I beet, and shal, whyl I may 
Bet than my-aelf an hundred thousand 
deel, 35 

Than al this worldes riohesse or c r e a 
Now hath nat LovS me bestowed weol 
To lovd, ther I never shal have part ? 
Alias ! right thus is turned me the wheel. 
Thus am I slayn with loves fyry dart. 40 
I can but love hir best, my swete fo ; 
Love hath me taught no more of his art 
But serve alwey, and stinte for no wo. 

IT. {In tm^Une jtonaat.) 

[With]-in my trewe oareAU herte ther is 
So moche wo, and [eek] so litel blis, 45 

That wo is me that ever I was bore ; 
For al that thing which I desyre I mis, 
And al that ever I wolde nat, I-wis, 

That flnde I redy to me evermore ; 
And of al this I not to whom me pleyne. 50 

For she that mighte me out of this 

Ne reccheth nat whether I wepe or 
So litel rewthe hath she upon my peyna. 

Alias ! whan sleping-time is, than I wake, 
Whan I shulde dannoe, for fere than I 
quake; 55 

[f Yow rekketh never wher I flete or 
This hevy lyf I lede for your sake, 
Thogh ye therK>f in no wyie hede take. 

^$t (ni^«r fp9t»v. 

I+Por on my wq yo«r cleyneth n 


Myhertes l»cly, luid honl tny lyvcs qn( 

For trpwly ilont* 

Ua wmotli that ytnir swoto hcrts of Mali 
la wbelled now n^^ynw ma to koDe. 
My dnro hurto, and best bolovnd fO, 
\Vliy lykelh yow to do me si thia wo, 

WluiC bave I doon that grevetb yow, ' 

And whyUt I liv«, 1 Hoi -fdo 1 
Anil thorfijr, Bwetn, no bul 

For so irnod snd no fitir u [that} ye b 
Hit van [n) risUt gnt wonder bat ya 


Anil l»at worthy of alia hem, I km ha. 

])ut ii(iver<tho-liia, my rigble lady aweW, 

Thogh that I ha nnoonning and nnmeto js 
To lorvi] ofl I bcflt coada ay your by^ 

Yit is thorfajnor noon, that woldo I hofo, 
Than I, to do +yow an, or elles bote 

Wlint-io I wiHtB warp In +yow distrewe. 
Ltid hnddc r oi 

That ye DB shnl me from yonr eorr. 

That I nil ny, wiih alls my wlitos f)->-e 
Secva yow trewly, what vo eo that I fc 

As any c«D or may on-lyro [herfl]. 
■fTho more that I love yow, g:oodly tree. 

Alloc I whan ahal that liard« wit ik- 
Whar is ni.w al yonr wommanly piteo. 

t my knowing, I do "l-no-thing 

vn. Ameflba an» AttUt. 



Tli€ Coiiqdl03nit of fUro An^dft 
and ftdsArelto. 

Tmcfo ftme god of annei, Mmib the rede, 
Tliai in the ftoetj ooimtrj called Ghraee, 
Wttihiii thy grimly temple ftil of dxede 
Hfloowred art, m patroim of that place ! 
with fhy Bellona, PkJlaa, Ail of grace, 5 
Ba preaent, and my aong continue and 

At my beginning thus to thee I orye. ^^^ 

For hit fill depe ia aonken in my minde, 
WHh pitoos herte in English for t'endyte 
This olde atorie, In Latin which I finde, 10 
Of qnene Anelida and fahi Aroite, 
Tliat elde, iihioh that al can frete and 

Aa hit hath freten mony a noble atorie, 
Hath ni^ deyoured ont of onr memorie. 

Be Ikvorahle eek, thou Polymnia, 15 

On Ftenaao that, with thy gnetrea glade, 
By Elicon, not fer fW>m Girrea, 
Rtngeetwith voia memorial in the shade, 
Under the laorer which that may not 

AnddothatImyshiptoha>Ten winne; x> 
First folow I Stace, and afker him 


The Story, 

lamque domoBpaMaSy <lc. ; Statii Thebais^ 

xii. 519. 

Whan Thesens, with werres longe and 

The aspre folk of Oithe had over-oome. 
With laorer eronned, in his char gold- 
Hbom to his eo n tre-honses isy^oome ; — 95 
For which the peple blisftil, al and somme, 
80 czyden, that unto the sterres hit wente. 
And him to honooren dide al hir en- 

Befom this dnk, in signe of hy viotorie, 
The trompes come, and in his baner large 
The image of Mars; and, in token of 

gloria, 3» 

Hen mighten aeen of tresor many a 

ICany a bright helm, and many a spere 

and targe, 
Many a fresh knight, and many a blisfal 

On hors, on fote, in al the felde abonte. 55 

Ipolita his wyf, the hardy <inene 
Of Cithia, that he oonqnered hadde, 
With Bmelye, hir yonge snster shene, 
E&ire in a char of golde he with him ladde. 
That al the ground abonte hir char she 

spradde 40 

With brightnesse of the beautee in hir 

Folfild of largesse and of aUe grace. 

With his trinmphe and lanrer^ronned 

In al the flonre of fortunes yevinge, 
Lete I this noble prince Thesens 45 

Toward Athenes in his wey rydinge, 
And fonnde I wol in shortly for to bringe 
The slye wey of that I gan to wryte, 
Of quene Anolida and fals Arcite. 

Mars, which that through his ftirious 

course of yre, 50 

The olde wrath of Juno to Ailfille, 
Hath set the peples hertes bothe on fyre 
Of Thebes and Grece, everich other to 

With blody speres, ne rested never stille. 
But throng now her, now ther, among 

hem bothe, 55 

That everich other slough, so wer they 


For whan Amphioraz and T^deus, 
Ipomedon, Parthonopee also 
Were dede, and slayn [was] proud Cam- 

Z^t {ttltnor <potm«. 

And whAn the vrecwliM Thebana, br«th- 
Wera ilayn, uid king AdiBatoi boom 

« beld the cite by bifl ttrutnya, 

□<I die] the (rentUs of that reglonn 

a been bia frandes, Bud dwBllen in tba 

Among nl thcso, Anelida the qneno 71 
0( Erroooy \na in th«t toon dwollinge. 
That fairei' woa then is tha umat shena ; 
Through-out tha world so gan hir najne 

That hirto aeon hod every iri^btlykiiigB ; 
For, as of troathe, is therDoonbir licho, 76 
Of al the women in tbia worlde rioba. 

Yone waa thie qneno, of twenty year of 

But naTBT-tho-Ies fnl mikal b 
Hadbe,ar that be mightohialadywinno, 
Audswoorbe voldedyenfordiBtTeaae,ioi 
Or &Dm hii wit ha aeyde he wolde twinno. 
iiaa, the whjle I for hit wsd coathe and 

Ne to UD orefttnre made she chare 
Farther than that bit lyked to Arcile ; 
Thai vas no lak with wbicb he migbte 

She was ao forfortb yevea him to plese, 
That at that lyked bim, hit did blr ese. 

Thor BUS to hie no ma: 
That touched love, 

Hut ^e na ibeved hit him. or hit wu 

vn. SintKb^ anb Jlvcfte. 


And yrbMi tbfli the itm to hir ntte 
Oa Urn the thofhto Ahrej tU that the 

WhAn ba was abwni, pnmHy ihe weep ; 
Thm lireth fidr Anelida the qaene 139 

fVir flOs Azcite, that did hir al this to^s.^'' ^ ^^ 

And fidaed fldr Anelida the qaene. 

Bat iMTeKwthe-lee, gret wonder 

Thoch he 

TUs fidf Aroite, of his new^Quigelnesse, 
Vbr she to him so lowly was and trewe, 
Took lease degmtee for hir stedfiMrtneaie, 
And aaw another lady, pvood and newe, 
And right anon he cladde him in hir 
hmw-^ 145 

Wot I not whether in whyte, rede, or 


fkls, for hit is kinde of 

Sith Lamek was, that is so longe agoon. 

To been in lore as fals as ever he can ; 

He was the flrste &der that began 

To loren two, and was in bigamjre ; 

And he ftmnd tentes first, bat-if men lye. 

This fids Aitnte somwhat moste he feyne, 
Whan he wez fids, to coyere his trai- 

torye, 156 

Bi^t as an hors, that can both byte and 

pleyne ; 
For he bar hir on honde of trecherye. 
And swoor he oonde hir doablenesse 

And al was fidsnes that she to him mente ; 
Thus swoor this theef^ and forth his way 

he wente. 161 

Alas ! what herte might endaren hit. 
For ronthe or wo, hir sorow for to telle ? 
Or what man hath the canning or the 

Or what man might with-in the chambre 

dwelle, 165 

If I to him rehersen shal the belle, 
Tliat soffreth fidr Anelida the quene 
For fids Aroite, that did hir al this tene ? 

She wepeth, waileth, swowneth pitonsly. 
To groonde deed she fidleth as a stoon ; 
Ai orampissheth hir limee orokedly, 171 
She speketh as hir wit were al agoon ; 

Other colour then asshen hath she noon, 
Noon other word fshe speketh moohe or 

Bat * menqr, crael herte myn, Aroite !' 175 

And thos endoretb, til that she was so 

That she ne hath foot on which she may 

Bat forth langaisshingerer in this estate, 
Of which Aroite hath nother roathe ne 

tene ; 
His herte was elles-where, newe and 

grene, 180 

That on hir wo ne deyneth him not to 

Him rekketh never wher she flete or 


His newe lady holdeth him so narowe 
Up by the bxsrdel, at the stayes ende. 
That evexy word, he dradde hit as an 

arowe ; ^ii^i***-*-'* "85 

Hir daonge rTIHe him botbe bowe and 

And as hir lists, made him tame or 

^ For she ne graonted bixn in bir liringe 
No grace, why that he bath lost to singe; 

Bat drof him forth, annetbe liste bir 

knowe 190 

That be was servaant fto bir ladysbippe, 

Bat lest that be wer proade, she held 

Tbas lervetb he, witboaten fee or sbipe, 
She sent him now to londe, now to 
sbippe ; 194 

And for she yaf him daanger al bis fills, 
^ Tberfor she bad him at bir owne wille. 

Ensample of this, ye thrifty wimmen alle, 
Take here Anelida and fids Aroite, 
That fbr hir lists him * dere herte * oalle, 
And was so meek, tberfor be loTod bir | 

lyte; >oo^V 

The kinde of mannes herte is to delyte 
In thing that straange is, also god me 

saye ! 
For what be may not gete, that wolde he 


Now tame we to Anelida ageyn, 

That pyneth day by day in langaisshing; 

^ Qtl^ner 0oims. 

liny, (tal Borowfnil}' woping, 

Lc hir for tt. makt a oompleyning, 

Ml Mr ownelionde sha gau hit 

□U hit. to Iiir TbebBn kuiglit 

So ihirletb iril^ the poynl of ramam- 

The Bwerii uf Horowe, ;-whet wiUi tUa 
M>-ii liort«, bars of blii and bisk of 

That tumeil ip in qnfliking nl m; dA-nnce, 


For ■who-flo t 
Thnt serieth lo- 

west ig, lit abal hIr 
I Bud doth hir obscFT- 

Hight a» him list, be Ungheth Bt my 

Ajid I us QAO myn berte cot restieyne. 

That I DB love bira alwej, Dovot-tbo-leB ; 

And of b1 this I not to whom ma pleyue. 

And Bbal I pleyne-— alod ! tlie horde 

Un-to lej foo that yafmy herte a iToondp, 
And yst d«syT«th that myn harm bo 

Nay, C!crt« ! ferther wot T uover ffDanOa 
Non other help, my Bores for to .oaiKle. 

Uy desbinee hath sbapen it fol yore ; 

I wil non other modooyne ne lore ; 
I »il ban ay tbor I waa ones boonde, 145 

Thftl I ha»e said, be seid for eyor-moro I 

Yonr oUwmtmcra in an lo« man- 
And your awayting and yoarbesinea 
Upon ms, that ye celden your maiMj 

Youraovereynb^'ia tbiswarldd] 

vix. JlnefttA Att^ AtcUt. 


Tb lov» * ii«««i Mid been untrewe ? 

And pntte yow in Helannder now and 
liUmei ajs 

And do to me adyenitee and gnune, 
Thttb lore 70W moel, god, wel thon 

wosll alway? 

Te4 torn ajejn, and be al plejn eom 


And than dial thia thait now is mia be 

gama, «79 

Andalfor-yiTe, wbyl that I liTe may. 


Lo I herte mjm, al thia is for to seyne, 
Aa whether shal I preye or elles plejme ? 
Vnurche ia the wey to doon yow to be 
For either mot I have yow in my ch^yne, 
Or with the dethe ye mot departe ns 
tw^yne; a&s 

Ther ben non other mene weyee newe ; 
For god so wisly on my sonle rewe, 
Aa fvrily ye sleen me with the p«yne ; 
That may ye see nnf^yned of myn hewe. 


For thns feiforth have I my deth [y}- 
sog^t, 290 

My-self I mordre with my prevy thoght ; 
For sorow and roathe of yoor unkinde- 
I wepe, I wake, I faste ; al helpeth noght ; 
I weyye j<^ye that is to speke of oght, 
I foyde oompanjre, I flee glAdnesse ; 495 
Who may aimnnte hir bet of hevinesae 
Then I? and to this plyte have ye me 
Wlthonte gilt ; me nedeth no witnesse. 

And sholde I praye, and imyye woman- 

Ksgr ! niher deth then do so fool a dede, 
And aaca maray gflteles I whainede? 301 
And if I pleyne what lyf that I lede, 
Tow rskkalh not ; that know I, oat of 
And If I vnto yow myn othes bede 

For myn ezcnse, a soom shal be my 

mede ; 305 

Your ohere flonreth, bat hit wol not sede ; 

Fal longe agoon I oghte have take hede. 


For thogh I hadde 3row to-morow ageyn, 
I might as wel holde Averill fro reyn^ 

Am holde yow, to make 3ww stedfEtft. 310 
Almighty god, of troathe soyereyn, 
Wher is the troathe of man ? who hath 
hit sleyn? 

Who that hem loveth shal hem fynde 

As in a tempest is a roten mast. 
Is that a tame best that is ay feyn 315 

To renne away, when he is leest agast ? 


Now merpy, swete, if I misseye. 
Hare I seyd oght amis, I pr^ye ? 
I not ; my wit is al aweye. • 

I &re as doth the song of Chaunt&jtUure. ^ 
For now I pleyne, and now I pleye, 321 
I am so mased that I deye, 
Arcite hath bom awey tJtie keye 

Of al my woxlde, and my good aventore ! " 

IF Fbr in this worlds nis oreatore 335 
Wakinge, in more discomfiture 
Then I, ne more sorow endure ; 

And if I slepe a ftirlong wey or tweye, •^ 
Than thinketh me, that your figure 
Before me stant, clad in asure, 330 

To profren efb a newe assure 

For to be trewe, and mercy me to preye. •« 


The longe night this wonder sight I 

And on the day for this afray I dye, 334 
And of al this right noght, y-wis, ye 
Ke never mo myn y6n two be diye. 
And to your routhe and to your troathe 
Butwelawey! toferbethey tofboche; 
Thus holdeth me my destinee a 
wreoohe. 339 

But me to rede oat of this drede orgye 
Ne may my wit, io wsyk is hit, not 

t^ (0liMt ^AMM. 

Thau euda I thns, nth I ma; d 

X y«TV hit np for noir and eyop-mor 
IW 1 phml namr oA putten i 

lezna of Lava tha 

Bat aa the (wan, I hliTB haid a«rd ftal 

So liDgs I hen my darting cz ohannoa, 


Whu that Anelida thJa voftil qnan 
HaUi of hir handa vrlt«n In thia w^ 
With &oa daad, batwiie pale and gi 

And onto Kan mnratli aacnlflraa J5j 
WlUi-in Uia twnpla, with a aoiowfkil 

niatihapeiiifaaMTe dial after heri. 357 



And al U tbrollgli th^ 

A BLimn. lyf; a paialble knd • iwala 

I^ddm the paplaa in tlia fonnsr age ; 

n^ balde bant pa^ fof frnilea, that 

Wlilah that the fetdaa yaTa ham by Daage ; 

^ey na ware net forpan^md with oat- 
rage ; J 

Uaknowsn waa the qaam and aek the 

"nur eten maat, hama, and iwioh pona- 
And dronkan water of the oolde wdla. 


naa the gronad nat wraudad wiUk 

Bnt o 

■ of mannea 

If o man jlt knew the fbvwea of bis load ; 
No nan tha 1^ on* of tba flint ylt 

Dn-koTTKk amd nn-grofabed Uj Ute lyne ; 
No man Tit In the morter ipToea gimd ij 
To olane, n« to 

vm. (]p9otb€« ttiifo JStdm.— X. ^oxiant. 


So BMider, iPelds, or wood no litestere 
3m knew; the flaei wm of his fonner 

Ko lUmh no wiite ofljance of eggg oaripere; 

Vo 009m no know man which was &!« or 

tnfwe; 20 

Ko flb:^ ytt kvcf the wftwos gzono and 

Vo maiohMint yit no fotto outlandiah 

2fo 'ftrompoo for the wenes folk ne knewe, 
Ho toiuee hoQ^ And wallas ronnde or 

Whai aholde it han a-vayled to werreye ? as 
Thor lagr no proAt, thor was no rioheeBO, 
Bat onzeed was the tyme, I dar wel s^ye, 
Tbml Buen ibst dide hir gwety bjiinoMO 
To grohbe np metal, Inrkinge in dark* 

And in the xfrerea flnt gemmes Boghte. 90 
Alias ! than fprong np al the canednoMe 
Of ooveljse, that flnt our sorwe broghte ! 

Tlilse tjrannts pntte hem gladly nat in 

Ko fwildneosOi ne no bnMhes for to winne 
Thar poverte is, as leith Diogenes, 35 
Thar asvitaile is eek so skars and thinne 
That noght hat mast or apples is ther- 

Bat, thsr as hogges heen and fat vitaile, 
Ther wol they gon, and spare for no sinne 
Withal hir ost the cite for t'assaile. 40 

Tit were no paleis-ohaamfares, ne non 

In oaves and [in] wodes softe and swete 
Slepten this hlissed folk with-onte walles, 
On gras or leves in parfit fqniete. 
Ko doim of fetheres, ne no Ueohed 

shete 45 

Was kid to hem, bat in seartee they 

Hir hertes were al oon, with-oate galles, 
Everioh of hem his feith to other kepte. 

Unforged was the hauberk and the plate ; 
The lambish peple, foyd of alio vyoe, 50 
Hadden no iSuitasye to debate. 
But ech of hem wolde other wel ohexyoe ; 
Ko pijrde, non envye, non ayazyoe, 
Ko lord, no taylage hy no tyrannye ; 
HomUeose and pees, good faith, the em- 
perioe, 55 

[fFalfilled erthe of olde earte^ye.] 

Tit was not Jupiter the likerons. 
That first was &der of delicaoye, 
Come in this world; ne Nembzot, de- 
To r^ynen, had nat maad his toures 
hye. 60 

Alias, alias! now may men wepe and 

For in our dayes nis but covetyse 
[And] doublenesse, and tresoun and envye, 
Poysonn, manslauhtre, and mordre in 
sondzy wyse. 64 

Flnit Etna prima. Chancers. 


I. Le Plalntif comitre Fortone. 
I Iks wneehed worldes transmutaoioun. 

wo, now povre and now 
With-ootan ordve or wys disereoioun 
Qoveraed is by Fortunes errour ; 
But nathdeSf tha lak of hir ikvour 5 

Ke may nat don me singen, though I dye, 
* lay tout perdu mon tempt et mon labour :' 
For ^rnAlly, Fortune, I thee deiye I 

Tit is me left the light of my resoun. 
To knowen frend fro fo in thy mirour. 10 
So muohe hath yit thy whirling up and 

T-tanght me for to knowen in an houn 
But trewely, no force of thy xeddour 

t^it (tninor ^«eiiur. 

To him that oval him-»lf bath tho nitys- 

Smiates, thou atedliut chumpiaan, 
She never nughte be thy tormeDtonr ; 
Tl]i>a aevor dreddeit bir oppressionn, 
Ne in htr ohnre fonnde thon no nfODr. lo 
ThoQ knewe vol dsoeit of hir colour, 
And that hir mocte wonbipe ia to Ifa. 

1 kiiowe bir eak a fola disumiiloiir i 
Tor fynollf, Fortnne, I thee datjia I 

n. Lb rcBponiuBde Fortune an PlElDtU: 

So man ia wreochcid, bat him-nlf bit 

weno, .5 

Ami ho that h«th him-wlf buh mf- 

Why Beywlow tiuuiDS I am to thas bo 

ThathBBtthy-Mlfoutof nugoveriiaanoe? 
Hey thus i ' Orannt mercy of thyn h»- 

That thou but lent or tliia.' Why wolt 

thoa Btryvo 7 lo 


Abonta tha wheel with other 
hly tore ia bet than wikko li 
And eok thon haat tb; baste fraud alyve. 
Xa. La reapounse du Pleintlf 

Huit I thyfrondas knows, I tbanke hit 

Tak hem agajn, lat hem go Ij-e on presse ! 
The nogardye in kopiug hir riabeuo 
Prenootik ia thou wolt hir toor asaayle ; 
WiUe Bppotyt oomtb ay before suknesse: 
In general, thia reulo may nat iayle. 56 

Lb reapounao da FottonB comitra 
le Plelatii: 
Thon pinobeat at my mntabiliMe, 
Cor I thee leuts a drops of my ricbesae. 
And now me lyketh to wiOx-drawe me. 
Why ahaldestow my maltoa oppresie ? &.i 
The see may abbe aadflo wen muri 

zi. QtlerctCee fguLtdt. zu Zo ({lodemounbe. 121 


X. CapUvitif, 

Toom yCn two wol slee me loddnly, 
Imaj the beanti of hem not snstene, 
80 ivoandelli hit thzoimh-oat my herte 

And but jour woid wol helen htttOy 
My hflvtea woonde, whyl that hit Ib grene, 
Tamr fifti tao tool dee me eodmdy^ 6 
/ iMilf ike heoMU efhem not au a t m u . 

tTpon mj tronthe I Bey yow feithfVUly, 

ISiat ye ben of my lyf and deeth the qaene ; 


TemrytmiwowoleieemeeodetUy^ ii 

/ aicy tke heauU <nfhBm not outUne^ 

8owBomm d tt h hUikromgh-<mtmy herte hme, 

H. n^jeCtkm, 

80 heth your beauts fro your herte chaoed 

Pitee, that me ne availeth not to pl^yne ; 

ToK Daonger halt yoiir mercy in his 

eheyne. 16 

(Mltlee my deeth thne ban ye me piu> 

I eiy yow eooth, me nedeth not to feyne ; 

So kaik your heauU fro your haieekaeed 
PUee^fhatmeneancMethnottopUyne, ao 

Alias! that nature hath in yow com- 
So greet beantd, that no man may atteyne 
To meroy, though he sterve for the peyne. 
PUee, that me ne amUeth not topleyno; 25 
ForDaunger halt yowrwiercyin hit cheyne. 

Sin I firo Love escaped am so ikt, 

I never thenk to ben in his prison lene; 

Sin I am free, I oonnte him not a bene. 

Hemayanswere,andseyethisorthat; 50 
I do no fors, I speke right as I mene. 
Sin I fro Love etcaped am eofatj 
I never ihenk to ben in hitprieon lene. 

Love hath my name y-strike oat of his 

And he is strike out of my bokes olene 35 
For ever-mo ; fther is non other mene. 
Sin I fro Love etcaped am to fat^ 
I never thenk to l>en in hitprimm lene ; 
Sin I am frte^ leounte him not a bene, 39 



HADAane, ye ben of al beauts shiyne 
As fer as oeroled is the mai^monnde ; 
For as the oristal glorious ye shyne, 
And lyke mby ben yoor ohekes roonde. 
Therwith ye ben so mery aiid so joooonde, 
That at a revel whan that I see yon 
dannoe, 6 

It is an oynement nnto my wonnde, 
Thogfa ye to me ne do no daliannoe. 

For thogh I wepe of teres fal a tyne, 
Yet may that wo myn herte nat con- 

foonde ; 10 

Tour fseemly voys that ye so fsmal ont> 

Maketh my thoght in joye and blis 

So onrteisly I go, with lov6 bonnde, 
That to my-eelf I say, in my penaonoe, 

^e QUmer Ipotma. 

SuflysothinetoIoveyoo,Ho8Bnionnde, is 

That I am trewe Tristam the K<wunile. m 

MyloToniBy not rofreyd be nor afounde; 

I brenoB a; in on amomua jileMnnoa. 

'Sia nerer pyk w&lwed in galanntyse 

Do what you list, I wil your thni be 

As I in love un walwed and y-vronnda ; 


For which fnl oUb I of mj^BcOf diiyna 




Balade de bon coiueyl. 

That thee 18 unt, reoeyve in boxomneiae. 
The wraetUag for thi« worlds axetli a 

Flee fro the preec, and dwells with soth- 

M. 16 


Har niB non boom, her ni> but wUder- 

SaSyco unto thy good, though hit bt 


Forth, pilgrim, forth ! Forth, beato, out 

Fur bord hath hato, and alimbina tikal- 


Know thy coutree, look up, thank Ood 

Ptew hath onvye, and wale blent ovaral ; 

Savour no mtro than thee bihove ahal ; s 

Hold the hyo woy. and lat thy gost tliee 

xni. ICtts^—TTL itnpoji a ^cogatu 


I Aad, Int his heir 1ot« yertn, m dide he, 
! Bm im noi^i geatil, ihogh he riohe seme, 


he mjtie, oxovne, or diefdeme. 

Yjoe BMij irel be heir to old riohease ; 15 
Boft ther mi^no man, as menmay wel see, 

Beqnethe his heir his Tertnoos noUi 
That is appxopred unto no degree, 
But to the fixate fiMler in magestee, 
That fmaketh him his heir, that can him 
ymme, ao 

Al were he mytre, oionne, or diademe. 


Son tjme this world was so stedfitft and 

That mannes word was oUigaoioan, 
And now hit is so &ls and deoeivable, 
That word and deed, as in oonoliisioan, 
Ben no-thing lyk, for tnxned np so donn 5 
Is al this world for mede and wilitdnesee, 
Thai al is lost for lak of stedfiwtnesse. 

What maketh this world to be so variable, 
Bat Inst that folk have in dissensionn ? 
Among ns now a man is holde unable, 10 
Bat-if he can, by som ooUnsioun, 
Don his neighbour wrong or oppreasioun. 
What caoseth this, but wilftil wreoched- 

That al is lost, for lak of stedflMtnewe ? 

I^ronthe is put doun, resoon is holden 
ikble ; 15 

Yertu hath now no dominadonn, 

Pitee exyled, no man is merciable. 

Through oovetyse is blent disoreoioan ; 

The world hath mad a permutaoioun 

Fro right to wrong, tro tronthe to fikel': 
nesse, 20 

That al is lost, for lak of stedfastnesse. 

Lenvoy to King Richard. 

O prince, deayre to bo honourable. 
Cherish thy folk and hate extoroioun ! 
Sufl&e no thing, that may be reprevable 
To tbyn estat, don in thy regionn. 2$ 
Shew forth thy swerd of castigacioun, 
Dred Gk>d, do law, love troutheand worth i- 
nesse, aj 

And wed thy folk agein to sted&stnease. 



To^amoun been the statats hye in hevene 
That creat were etcniaUy to dure, 
Sith that I see the brighte goddes sevene 
Mow wepe and wayla, and passioun en- 
As may in erthe a mortal creature. 5 
Alias, fro whennes may this thing pro- 

Of whicha ecroor I day* almost £ar dreds. 

By worde eteme whylom was hit shape 
That firo the fifte cerole, in no manere, 
Ke mighte a drope of teres doun es- 
cape. 16 
But now so wepeth Venus in hir spere. 
That with hir teres she wol drenche us 

Allaa, Soogan ! this is for thyn offence ! 
Thou causest this deluge of pestilence. 

itie Qlttnor ^otmc 

Hftat tliDU Dot BOjd, in b1aBpb«ma of Uiu 

Tbruugh iiitiIs, or throneh tby gnte 

Swicli thing u in tbo lave of love for- 
bade ia 7 
That, for thy lady saw nat thy diatnsH, 
Tberfor thonyave hir op at UlchelmecBe ! 
Alias, Scogim '■ of olde folk Qe youge k> 
Wm bovot orst Scogaa bUmed for hi* 


Thoa drowein ■camCnpydeeaktaiecard 
Ofthilkerebel word thstthon hut ipokeD, 
For whioh be wol no langar ba thy lord. 
And, Scog&D, thogh hig bowe be nat 

Hb vol sat with his aiwei been y-wrokea 
On thee, ne me, oe dood of our Qgnn ; 
Weehol of him have neyther hart na cnre^ 
Now cBrtse, frend, I drede of thyn «n- 
Lest for th; gilt the wreohe of Love p) 

That ban ao lykly folk in love to spade. 
Tban abnl we fof onf labour ban no made ; 
Bnt wel I wot, thoa wilt aniwere and laye; 
' Lo ! olde Orieel list to rjme and playe '. ' 

Nay, Soogan, ley not to, for I m'eKOoas, 36 
Qod help me >o ! in no 17111, doateleee, 
Ne thiuke I oevor of slepe wok my mOM, 
That niBteth in my shethe etillo in peea 
Whyl I was yong, I pntte liir forth in 
preea, 41 

Bat al abal pane that men proao or lyma -, 
lUe aveiy man his turn, as for hia tyme. 

Scogau, that kneleat at tba atreiuEd heed' 
Of giaca, of alle hoDoor and wortblnewe, 
In th'ende of which atreme ■ I am dnl ■• 

Uinne thy &end, tber it may fmcti^a ! 
Far-wel, and lok thou uevei eft Love 
doli^e 1 4y 

> Le.Wlsdwin. >I.<. GnmiwlGh, 

ZU t^mpttgnt of (Peniie. 


ih»B w&n UivBT to be take in Ftym 
eft to fiJleof wedding in the trappe. 


litel writ, pnoverbea, or flgore 
.do yon, tak kepe of bit, I xede : 


Unwys is be that can no wele endnre. 
If thou be Biker, pat thee nat in drede. 
Tbe Wyf of Batbe Iprey yon that ye rede 
Of this matere that we have on bonde. 90 
God grannte yon yoor lyf frely to lede 
Infiredom; fSor ftd baxd is to be bonde. 


. » 


I. (Tfte XoMT'f woHMmtm,) 

TksB nia so by oomf ort to my plennnoe, 
Wbaa that I am in any berineMe, 
Aa for to have leyaer of remembrannce 
UpoA the manbod and the worthineMe, 
UpoAthetroathe,and onthestedflMtnetee 
Of himwhoeIamal,wbylIm^dare; 6 
Ther o^te blame me no creature, 
For mwmtj wi^t preiaeth hie gentileeeeu 

la him is boontee, wiadom, govemaanoe 
Wei more then any mannes wit can geese ; 
For grace hath wold so ferforth him 
aTaance 11 

That of knigfathode be is parflt riobesse. 
Honour hononreth him for his noblesse ; 
Therto so wel hath formed him Nature, 
That I am his for erer, I him assxire, 15 
For eTvry wight preiseth his gentilesse. 

And not-withstanding al his snfBsaunoe, 
His gentQ herte is of so greet humblesse 
To ma in worde, in werke, in oontenaunoe, 
Andmetoserveisalbisbesinesse, to 
That I am set in yerr^ slkemesse. 
Thus oghte I blesse wel myn aventure, 
Sith that him list me serren andhonoure; 
For every wight preiseth his gentilesse. 

Kow certee. Love, hit is right covenable 
That men fol dere bye thy noble thing, 36 
Aa wake a-bedde, and foeten at the table. 
Weeing to langhe, and singe in 00m- 

And doon to easte visage and loking, 

Often to dhaungen hewe and oontenaunoe, 
f Pl^yne in sloping, and dremen at the 
daunoe, 51 

Al the revers of any glad feling. 

Jalousye be hanged \tf a cable ! 
She wolde al knowe through hir eq;)ying ; 
Ther doth no wight no-thing so resonable. 
That al nis harm in hir imagening. 36 
Thus dere abought is lov6, in yeving, 
Which ofte he yiveth with-oute ordin- 

As sorow ynogh, and litel of plesaunce, 
Al the revers of any glad feling. 40 

A litel tyme his yift is agreable, 
Bat fol enoomberous is the using ; 
For sotel Jalou^e, the deoeyvable, 
Ful often-tyme causeth destourbing. 
Thus be we ever in drede and suffering, 
In nouncerteyn we languissbe in pen- 

aunce, 46 

And ban ftil often many an hard met- 

Al the revers of any glad feling. 

in. (5a«^AM:«on in Cbfueancy.) 

But certes. Love, I sey nat in such wyse 
That for t*escape out of your laoe I mente ; 
Forlso longe have been in yourserryse 51 
That for to lete of wol I never assente ; 
No force thogh Jalousye me tormente ; 
Sufi^jroeth me to see him whan I may, 54 
And therfore certes, to myn ending-day 
To lore him best ne shal I never repente. 

And certes, Love, whan I me wel avyse 
On any estat that man may rspresente, 

tt* fffUmve Q7m 

And it Um jaloupatC« bit In imv 
llut, Oir BO pcyne wol I nkt my omj ; 
To Ion hini hmt na iliml I norv rapontA. 
Herta, to thee hit o^ts y-no^ mi^sa 6s 
Tb«t I^ire 10 hf « grace to thee leiite, 
To chaM the wortliurt in alia wyt 
And moot apnUji nnto mjn antimtft. 
Seoha no ferUur, narthsr mf ua *mte, 
Sith I hkTB mffiiHUics imto mj pay. 70 
Tfans vol I enda thia oompUiriit « laj ; 
To Ion him bast ne ahal I aarer i^enta. 

riliiiiMi. i»mj>iiUi Ihia otnnpleynt 
Unto jnax axoallcml tenignttaa ' 

Dinot aftv tny lital n 
Fkv eld, tlimt in m; Bpirit dnlletli DU, 
BathsfendytinKKltHaaDleltae' . 

Wal Bj boraft oat of 107 reme 

And eak to in« hit i* • p"** V 


To yon, ni; inme, uid to non other viglit I Kovpnra, thatbe tflinemrlTTasligtit 
Cotnpleyne I, for ye be mj lad; dsre ! AnduTBDiir. aa doonin thla wocldalu 

IT that ye be light ; | Ont of thji tonne help me tbrooeh y 




Jtr loefc €f external evidence,] 



IffiiMira, filar joax ii«v»4aifelnu^, 
Ifaay ft aervaiant liaT0 ye pnt out of grace, 
I take mj leva of yoor miated&Btnewe, 
Far ivil I irot, whyl ye have lyves space, 
Taeaa not lore fid half year in a place ; 5 
To newe thing jroor lust is ever kene ; 
Is stede of blew, thus may ye were al 

Sight as ft mironr nothing may emprease, 
But, lightly as it cometh, so mot it pace, 
80 fitfeth your love, your werkes bereth 

witnease. 10 

Ihsr is no feith that may your herte en- 


Bat, as ft wederook, that tnmeth his face 
With every wind, ye fioe, and that is 

In stede of blew, thus may ye were al 


Te might be shiyned, for yoor brotelnesse, 
Bet than Dalyda, Creseide or Gandace ; 16 
For ever in channging fstant yonr siker- 

That taohe may no wight fro yoor herte 

araoe ; 
If ye lese oon, jre can wel tweyn pnrchace ; 
Al light for scHner, ye woot wel what I 

mene, an 

In stede of blew, thus may ye were al 





An amorona Complaint, made at 

I, WHICH that am the sorweftilleste 

That in this world was ever yit livinge. 
And leest reooverer of him-selven can, 
Beginne fthns my deedly compleininge 
On hir, that may to lyf and deeth me 
bringe, 5 

Which hath on me no mercy ne no rewthe 
That love hir best, bat sleeth me for my 

Can I noght doon ne seye that may yow 

fFor certes, now, alias I alias ! the whyle ! 
Toar plesaonce is to laoghen whan I 

syke, lu 

And thos ye me firom al my blisse exyle. 

Zh QUinor fpotmts. 

Ya ban me aaxt in tkllke Epilom jlo 
Ther never man on lyve miglite aitarte ; 
Tb,U have I for I lore yon, swete herte 1 
StMtli la. that y/el I woot, by Zykllaama, 
If that it were tiling poaaiblfi t<i do 16 
T'ooompto yoan beatw snd goodneme, 
I bsve DO wonder thogb ya do me wo ; 
Dorsta ever thinkon in so I17 k place, lo 
Wliat wondsT is, thogh yo do ma no grace? 
Alias! thna is my Iff bronghttonnenda. 
My doatli, I soe, iB my oonclusioun ; 
I may vol Einge, ' in 1017 tyma I apenile 
My lyf ; ' that Bong may haro oanf^uionn ! 
For marcy, pitee, and deep affaocioun, >6 
I Hey for me, for al my deadly ehsro, 
Alle thise clidan, in that, mo lovoyow dare. 
And in this -wyse and in diqiayre t live 
In love ; Boy, but in dispayre I dye ! s" 
BntBlul IthnB[to]yowinyde«llifbr^ve, 
TliaC canseles doth ma this sorow diya ? 
Ye, cerUs, 1 1 fer the vf my ^"'^3* 
Hath nonglit to done, although she do me 

Tit it al thii no lak to hir. p«rdea, 
But god or nature sora volde I bUme : 
For, though she sbewa no pito unto me, 
Sithen that she doth athore men tbeaamBi 
I ne onghta to despysa my ladies game ; 61 
Itiihirpley tolaD^enirhanmeD^keth, 
And I BHsnte, al that bir list and lyketh ! 
Tit wolde I. as I dar, with sorwefnl herta 
Bioeebe un-to your make womanhede 65 
ThAt I now dorst4 my abarpe Borwea 

That I hava laid here, throngh myn nn- 

In any words to yoor displesinge. 70 

Lotheat of anything that ever was loth 
Wore me, h wisly god my sonla Bare ! 
To Mjn R thing through which ya might 

be wroth ; 
And. to that day that I be leyd in grays, 
A trewer »TTaDnt shnlle ye never have ; 
though that I on yow havo pleyned 

XXIV. (5&em(Ht% iJloBfeese, 


[ThU it aditd at bang a oood crampU i-J a Complernt tn Chixicer's itnli.] 

<'rn.iTin QBooudr, nemlghtmj^lierte ' And defllbBlSD,i>h&n. 

ii?ver ' Uy worldce joye, whom l irol serve 

' r-'TiK* liAlvt, ne what (urmout t liitve, I Mwe, 

'osb ibmt I aholde in ytntr preieuce My bevgn bool. snd ti my laffiaBuDc 

ben erw, i Wham for to serve i> Mt bI my |ile«» 

- hertea bdy. a* vdalj he me u' 

\t boantee made, and bentea 


1 illy be o™ "ll* " 
. _ 1 un yuurea. and to 

Ii It, my lyf and 

e infcn, 


Ba»e«liiiiK tow in my most lion 
TacoBpte in wonli this lite] povi 
And fir my troutbe my aBrvio 

Myn Dtwarcaancc mk huTe tint Id doaiiyte, 
N*e yil to long to »oifren in tlii« plyte ; 
I yow bMeohe, myn hertea Indy. liore. an 
Sith I yovi serve, and to wil year Uj 


[TXii geitaine poeui teat ftrtt prinUd in Jons, iS<)4.] 

B«Udc tlul Chaader made. 
ihaUi my harte caught in rdmembtaance 
feat bMatt hoed, and stedfait gorem- 

ToiirvertDjeaaUe»iuidyotirhy □oblssHB, [ 
Tta yon lo Mrre ii set al my ptesaunee ; ' 
8>««1 ma lykth ynur womanly cocteu- 



Abyding gtiuw, wluuk thai yi 

my lyf, withotitan disijIowancE', 
r-jo for to Berve with al my beaiiiemo, 
LcLb ms, lady, in your abeiMancel 
1 hare ma aomwhat in yimr sunvn 

yt my gret wo list doon allaeeaonce, 
Ind with yoac pilA nie ■ooi wyn avannca, 
In tal rebaCiuEofDiy bsvineBM^ 
And think freidiui, that wommauly 


Aactoor of nortnrr, lady of pleaaomM, 
Soveraine of boaat^, flou 

Take ye n<ni hede untu myn ignoTsuncr, ,v> 

Bat thia reoeyveth of your goodlihadf , - 
ThiDklng that I have caught id is- 

your bcADlC hool. juur stodriist guvef*- j 


1^, un Eonttreined l< 

J hir de««3mible c>liera to mo-Wknl, myn 
nnpitona lyf lirawelh a^long unagreshle 
dwallingBi in mf. yr, my Ernies, whnt 
DrwhsrtOBvHanteds ye laa (o benwstefnt ? 
for ho that b&tli fallen Btood nst in 
«t«Iefiiit degne. 

($iu6. (goofi I : (Wlifr* n. 

IVteiUii woven wilh bir owene bondes, aB 

■ I knew wel nner by hii-Mlf. ilecltuiDgo 

V ud liurwiDge ta ma tho beantee ; tha 

I vhiche clotbea a dorknene of a fatlston 

I u>4 dispys«d dldg bacMo doakecl and 

I fderked, as H is wont to derken bi- 

1 tmokcde inures. In the cethereno 

him or bordora of thisa clothes men 

: I'iRQ, y-woTSD in, a OrokiBsh P, that 

m/ytlh the IjifActif; and Hbovon that 

ire. in Ihe heyniteboniare, a Qrekiaah 

I Ikat tlgnifyeUt Oe Ijtf Conteniptali/. 

.Uid N-twiian theae Iwo lottres thcr 

■irnn »yn degreM, nobly y-wTDght in 

manere of Isddres ; by whiohs degrees 

40 atn Bugfaten climben tra the netheresto 

lettia to the niipereste. Nntbelei, boudes 

of toBM man badda correa that clotlt 

by Ttolaace and by itrengthe ; and 

nmcb* man of hem hndde bora away 

I] rwicbe paces aa he mights geten. And 

RnMbe, thij fotseida woman barimale 

kluB in bir right hand, and in bir lelt 

band ibe bar a ceptre. And whan abe 

■7 tbise poetical Masoaapniebeii aboDto 

' p my bed, and eudytings wordes to in}> 

TBpingea, ahe »»a a lital amoved, and 

gloweda with crael eyen. 'Wbo,' qnwl 

■lie, ' bath aofiied aprochen to this iiyho 

' man tbiie eomana strompetes of iwich 

I Sa place Ibat men clepeo tha theatre? 

< I Tba whioha nat only ne aaswogen nal 

I hinsorweavithDoiiaicmedioi, but they 

votdan fedea and norisshen bem with 

;-i^te renim. Foiwtbe, tbiio ben tho 

\;i with tbomes and prikkingea of 

itnta or affeccionna, wbiobo tbat na 

ngs nor profitable, 

latevona of fniite« 

boldea tlio hertas 

Bat if ya llusa* 

- u nivtbicg frnctefyi 

i^unyBU tbe com pi 

oriaKnui; for tbey 
<!of men in niage, hi 

Ul folk tro maladye 

lladdaa wltbdi&wea 

AMarjea, any onconiuDga and osprc 

tbia man, aa men ben wont to findo 
7'wmniily amonges tho poeple, I wuldo 

*Bne fnifre tlie laou greToiuly ; for-why, 

■a awidw an tinpraQtuble man, myn 

uitanM* ne waran no-thing endamBged. 

Bnl y* witbdfawan -tfrom me this man. 
^ ifcfi V>h ba norUihed in the ttndiea or 

aoolei of Eleaticia and of Acbadcmicis I'n 
Orerv. But goth now rather awcy, yo 
mermaidonea, whiche that ben nwcle til 
it be at tba laite, and anffreth this man 
to bo cored and baled by myua Uniea,' So 
iliat it to ttyn, by tiolt/ul •dencO. And 
thne thia companya of Hiue« y-blamed 
caston wiothly the cbers donnward to 
the ertbe; and, abawinge by reedneace 
bir ihamo, tbey paaaodcn sorowftill; tho 85 
thrcahfald. Andl, of whom tbeii«hlr, 
plotmged in tere«, waa derked bo that 
I He mights not knowen what that 
womman was, of ao imperial anctoritco, 
I wox al abaisahed and aatoned, and carta 9" 
myaighte donn to the erthe, and bigan 
slille fnr to abyde what ahe vrolde don 
af^rwud. Tho oom she ner, and sette 
bir donn np-on tho ntteiesle comer of 
my bod ; and abe, biholdinga my cbere, ns 
that was cast to the erthe, bevy and 
grevons of vrepinge, compleinede, wlUt 1^^ 
thiae wordes that I thai aeyen, tho F«i^]H 
torbaoioan of my thought, ^^| 

Ureas U. Baa qutm pnetpiti txem 


'Alias! bowthctbooghtofman.dreiBt 

in over-tlirowinge deepneaaa, dnllelh, and 

to goon in-to foroine derknoasea, as olle 
aa bia anoyona biainesae wexetb ^th- 5 
onto meaore, tbat is driven to and fro 
with worldly windea 1 Thia men, Uiat 
whylom was free, to whom the heveno 
waa open and knowan, and waa wont 
to goon in barcoelicho patbea, and iangh to 
the lightno&ae of the redo sonne, and 
aangb tbe atema of Uie coldo mone, and 
whicha ateire In bevene luoth wandering: 
y-flit by dyveras aperes— this 

badda comprsbeDded 15 
al tiiiB by noiunbro o/aconntinae in aMro- 
Boinj/9, And over this, he waa wont lo 
aeken the cansea wbonnM the aonning 
windes moaven and bisien the amotho 
water of the sec ; and what spirit tomelk m 
the (table bevene ; and why the sterra 
aryseth ont of tbe rede eeat, lu fallen in 
the wntreoe wawei ; and what Btempreth 


gotf^iua. (£>oofi I : IptMt n. 


seaouQ^ thAt hight^th ^cd appanileth 
the erthe mth rowne flowrea ; and who 

IuUb yBTM, flototh with hovj- grapes. 
And eek Uiii man was wont ti. tells tlia 
dyveiM caoHa of nature (hat woren 
y-hidde. Alias I now lyeth be empted of 
light of his thought ; and his nekke is 
prewod with beyj chej-nes ; und beretU 
hit cbere enctrned adoun for the gTst« 

thDl'ool erthe! 

Pmi n. Set medicinf, intuit, ten^ui 

But (yme is now,' qtiod she, ' uf medi- 
cine more than of compleiDbe.' Forsotlo 
than she, cntendinge to me-ward with 
allfl tJiB lookinge of htr eyen, aeide : — ^ Art 
lut then he,' qaod ihe, ' tliat whylom 
^norlsahed with my milk, and fostered 
with myne metes, were cB«ped and 
comen to uomge of a parflt man ? Ceries, 
t yai thM Bwicfae armursa that, yif than 
thj-Mlf ne baddest first cast hem a-wey, 
tJiey shnlden hsn defended thee in Bihei^ 
neesa that may nat ban over-comeo. 
RnowMt than me nat ? 'Wliy art thoa 
■tUle ? Is It for shame or for astooinge I 
It were me lever that it were for Bbome ; 
but it semeth me that astoninge hath 
oppressed tbee.' And whan she say me 
nat only stille, but with-ontan olfica of 
timge and al donmb, she leide hir hand 
Boftely Qpon my brest, and geide ; ' Here 
nis no peril, ' qnod she ; ^ he is ialLeii into 
R litargio, wMcbe that is a comone 
■ykanas lo hertes that ben deceived. He 
hath a litel feiyetan luin-salf, but cartes 
he shal lightly remembren him-self, yif 
M be that he hath knowen me or now ; 
and that he may so don, I wil wypen 
a liui his eyen, that ben darked by the 
olande of mortal thingei. ' Thlie wordes 
it with the lappe of hir gitr- 
ment. y-plyted in a frotinoe, shs dcyede 
myn eyen, that weron fulla of tba wawes 

my wepingel. 


noeU tfidirt. 

n J(5t«, 

Thus, whan that night was liiscossed 
and chased B-we,F, darknesses roileftca 
me, and to myn eyen ropeirede ayoin hir 
Ante strengthe. And, right by enaaomple 
as the Sonne is hid whan the sterres ben 
clostied ((Aol U to teyn, whan tterra ben 
(oviTid aiVi eUmda) by a awifta winds 
that highte Chanu. and that the flmui- 
mant atant derked by wete plotingy 
ctoudes, and that the Merras nat upperen 
np-on hevene, so that the nigbl sameth 
sprad ap-on orthe ; ylf thanjia the wind 
that highte Borias, y-wntont of the caves 
of the oontree of Trace, beteth this night 
((IkaC it to ityn, citateth U a-tctn\ and 
deseovereth the dowd day : Uian diyveth 
Phebtis j'-shaken with sodein light, and 
smyteth with bis bemes in uervelinge 

PsotE in. BatUl aliter IriMHe ntbulii 

Right so. and non other w^e, ihe 
tluudps of sorwe dissolved and don «-we>-, 
I took horane, and receivede miude to 
knowen the face of my fyiicien ; so that 
I Bett« myn eyen on hir, and fastnede my 
lookinge. I beboldo my norice Fhllo- 
sophie, in wh« bonses I baddo coovaised 
and haunted tio my yonthe ; and I seido 
thus. ' O thou maistrBBsa of alia vertues, 
descended from the sovereiu seta, why 
artow comen in-to this soUlaiie place ol 
myn eiil? Artow oomon for thou art 
maked coopablewith me of false blames?' 

I^IL ' Op' quod she, ' my nocry, shelda 
I forsaken thee now, and aholde I nat 
parten with thee, by eomnns travaile, the 
charge that thon heat suflred for eovia of 
my name P Cortes, it nere not leyefnl ne 
sittinge thing to Philosopbie, to leten 
with-outen companye the wey of him that 
ii innocent, Sholde I thanne redoute my 
blame, and agrysen as thongh ther were 
bifallen a news thing 7 guul dieerel, non. 
For troweston that Fhilosophie be now 
alderfiret assailed in perils by folk of 
wikkede manerea^ Rai-e I nat striven 

(JlettStuB. (goat I : ^ost iv. 


rrith 0/ hfm looHn dnaeai to lh« 

tf — they, u in purtie of liir preye, 
ren BU. ciyingo uid ilebatlage 
'tins, ut<I correo and lo-renlen my 
I tbat t hailde wov«d with myn 
I : uir] irtlh tho ilontea that Ihej 
1 snwsd nut of my rlothes they 
1 •w^y, wsninge th»t I Imddg gon 
yeiydel. " ■ ' ■ " ' 
^ffvMCM, f>r u moche 

ir fteppea of myn 
n, weniiige tho Q^ 
BjRoMmf my fUnnlerea, pc 
e through 
> wlkksdo 

tecfofJlimililavR. Soj-iftboi 
■I fcnowen tha oxiluige of Anuio- 
« lb* CDpoytaiilnBO of Socntes. He 
unceiiu of Zdtio, tat IiiD>' vena 

HKf vhiche folk tho rgnonn is 

nldMlIl bat only for they neren 

Ott Baljks to the itndiat of wtk- 
. JUtd tbnhy thou oughtest nat 
B Ihoosh tkmt I, in the blitre 
' ' ' ' » fonlriven with tom- 
a ftboute, in the whidie 
Ii ti my mMt yax^at, (haf it 
[« wikkade nun. Of 
I, ■] be (be act never eo 
1 : ftif it nil Bovomwl 

only by llatlnge emmr fotyly and lightly. 
And if thoy Bom-tyioo, makingo aa uft 
■^Dica m, kBoilo na as atiengei, our loilar Sn 
drawath to-gidere hiae richeaaea in-lo bii 
tonr, and Ihey ben cntentif abouto aar- 
pnlera or BucboJa nnproC table for to lakert. 
But WB that ben haye aboven, siter fro 
alle (umnlte and woda noiae, warneWDred Sj 
and eDolosed in awtah a palia, wLtdSr ai 
that chataringe or anoylnge folyo na may 
nat atayne, we acorno swicha ravinerea 
and lientarea of fouloate thlngea, 

Ukthe IT. t^aitqvit aimforile tereimttvti. 
Who-BO it ba that ii cleFrorvertii, lad, 
and wel ordinat of Lviuge, that hath put 
nnder foot the pioode WBrd?a and hwketh 
upright npKin either fortone. be m«y 
holiie hia cheie undlaoomAted. The rage i 
ne tho manaees of the aeo, commoeringe 
nx chaalnge npward hete fro the botme, 
ne aha] not moere that man ; no iho 
aiutaUe nunmtugne that higlil« TMsrot, 

that wiylhoth ont throngh hii brokono iii 
cfaimlnMa amokiiige (yrea. He the wcy 
of -t-tbondor-leyt, tbat la wont to amyten 
heye tonres, ne ehal Dat moere that man. 
Wher-io thanne, o wrecdhea, drode yo 
tiranntoa that ben wode and felonona i.l 
with-oTite any alrengthe? Hope after 
no-thing, na drpde nat ; and » ahaltow 
deaarman the ire of thiJka anmighty 
tiraunt. Bnt who-ao that, qoBUage, 
dredelh or deaireth thing that nil nU » 
■table of bii right, that mnn tliat to iteth 
lialh tait awey hia aheld and fa ramoCTtd 
^ hia pbue, atul eit]aceth him in tha 
fihi'yne with the wliich he may ban 

Paoai IV. SewtuM, (n«irt(, Ak. 
Petestow, ' >iaod ahe, 'tbisa thing«a, 
and entren they angbt In thy cotngaP 
.\jtow lyke an a>» to the barpeT Why 
wopeatow, why apiUeatow (erca? Ylf 
thoa abydeit altor bdpof thy laahi>, thea i 
bihoreth discorere thy wonnda.' Tlio 

I. that hadda gadeied atrvngthe In piy 
rorage. aniwerede and Mide: 'And 
nwimh It yit,' (fiiod I. 'of rehonlngo or 


m.l < 

iwrth i 

SsifSim. Ignl I. (piMe iv. 

7-iiangh tir bin-aelf tlio Bhiirpneue of 

I Fortune, tliat woiath wood ayeina met 

1 2ft moeretb it Tint tliee to Boen the f^e 
■' or the manera of Uila phict {i, pritovtt)? 

15 la this the libriurie vliiohe thM tlioQ 
baddoBt olioasn far a right carttjn nte to 
titia with mo of the ccieccofl of thingos 
toQchiuee diTinitoa uid toiuihmge m&n- 

»o Idnde 7 Was thaone myn habita twioh 
M it ii uow P Was than my face or my 
ehoro ewiche ai now (jtuuf dlcerrl, mm), 
whan I BoaehU) with thee secrets of 
nature, whaa thon cofarmedest my msi- 

IS neres aiid the reaoon of alia my lyf tothe 
ensaample of the orilre of hevene ? lanat 
tliig tbo purdeim that I reforre to thee, 
to vbom I have be oboisatmt? Certei, 
thon confcrmedeat, bytheiaonthofFlato, 

ju this sentence, that l» lo Myn, that comano 
thingea or oomnnalitees weren bliahii, yif 
they that hadden studied al folly to wis- 
dom eoToroedaii tbitko thingef, or eUes 
yif it BO bIQlle that the eovemoara of 

J5 cxniiiiiialit«es atadieden to geton wisdom. 
Thou seideet eetl, by the month of tJie 
Bamo Philo, that it was n neoessarie 
cause, wyso men to token and desire tJio 
gavDniannee of cernnne thiages, for tliat 

40 the Bovemementi of citees, y-left La the 
handea of felonons tormenloms citiienes. 
ne shnlrle nat bringe in pestilence and 
deatnicoioUD to gode folk. And thsrfor 
I, folwinge tbiUcs anctoritee (sc ItaUmli\ 

45 desired to pntten forth in exMnoioiui and 
in acte of oomnne ndministracionn thillce 
tbinsefl that I badclo lemod of tbee among 
my saoree restlng-whyles. Thoa, andgod 
that potto lioQ in the thonghtesof wjse 

SO folk, bea knowings with me, that no- 
thing no bnraghto me to maistrio or 
dignit«s, but the comnne stodie of alio 
gtHxInesse. And ther-of comth it that 
bi-twiisQ wikked folk and me han bea 

n grevoos discordea, that ne inighten ben 
relessd fay proyeres ; for this Uboitee bath 
the freedom of DOQScionce, that tjia wratthe 
of mora mighty folk hath ulwoy ben de- 
spysed ofmo for aavaciuan of right. How 
laisted and withatondo t.hilke 

highte CunigBSte, tl 

slwey Bssantes ayeina the prospre fortnnea 
of pore feble folk ? How ofto eek bayo 
I put of or cast ont him, Tdgwille, pro- 
vost of the kingofl hons, bothe of the 
WTonges that ha hadde bignnne to don, 
and eek folly performed f How oflo have 
I covored and dofoniLod by the enqtoriloo 

put myn auctorita fa ptril /or — the 
wreochod pore folk, that the coyetysa oi 
Htranngeres tmpnnishad toormenteden 
alway with miseyses and grovaimoes ont 
ofnonmbref Nerot man ne drom ma yit 
fro right to wronge. Whan I soy the 
fortonea and the ricbsises of tha poapte 
of the provinces ben harmed or amenneed, 
onther by prifoo ravynea or by comnne 
tribntes or cariages, as sory was 1 as they 

that Bnffradan tbo harm. Clesaa. 

Whan that Thtodaric, the king of Oothtt, 
In a dere yere, luidd» kite gcmera Jkt oj 
com, and tanavndede thai no man ne iKoidt 
bttcn no com tit hit com lartKld, and Oial 
at affrevout dtnpryt, Boea vHh»lrxidtha\ 
ordifuunce, and oivr-com it, jbuncrnea uj 

thit «w king hiamif. Textoa. Whau 

it was in the sonro bongry tyma, thei 
was establisshed or ciyed grevons and 
inplitable ooampcionn, that man sayec 
wel it sholde gtiHjUy tnrmantea and on. 
domagen al the provinaa of Campaigns. 
I took Btryf ayoins the provost of the 
Pretoria lor oomnne profit. And, the king 
knowings of it, I overcom it, so that thi 
ooempcionn ne woe not nxed na tooV 

effect. [GIoBia.] ^ Coempctoun, Ikal it ti 

leyn, comune achat or buine to-giderf, thai 
uiere alabUulud iip-on the potjJe ftv michi 
a manere iaipoticioun, at icAo-so bausUi 
a (uMliel cvrn. As tnoits |WM the king Uu 

fijtt part [TeMus.] Paolin, a «mn 

seillcr of Borne, the riohesses of thi 
whiche Panlin the hoondes of the palays 
that it to tcyn, the offictrtt, wolden hai 
devoured by hope and cocctise. yit drov 
I him oat of tbe jow« {K. /aucOut) of hen 
that gapeden. And for OS inoohe U tbi 
peyne of the accnsaoionn njoged bifbm ni 
sbolde nat aodsinly hsnton na p nni tohoi 
wrongfolly Albin. a couiueiller of Bome 
1 palte me ayeini Iho hates and indig 

■■iigam td the »eatuor Ciprisn. la it nat 

** y-noagli y^oyn, th&t 1 hnvo pur- 

>Iik*aad eiMa diaoordaa ayelna mf-aelf 
Bd* I oai^ta ba tha more unued »;emB 
klla vtbn folk {*. JfomaiftuX that for the 
ton of rishtwianeiM I De nurvsd never 
r:ii.thiiic to my-ulf to hemwajd of the 
tiDEcs balle, ft. oMcert, \>j tba wbiclis 
I >*Te the more liker. But liiomgh tho 

or tho nomnbir of the nhioho 

aan Bnailiiu, that whrlom vaa 
.1 of the kingm Bervioo, i> now 
MBpalled in uciuiiige of my budo, lor 
■tdaof toraiuaiiuiueye. Also Opilian and 

IkM tli« jtutim regal hadde irhylum 
tft ^TTt^ lum bothfl to go iii'to exil for hir 
tivdUTTva Mkd fVatidei withoDt« aotunbir. 
To vhiclie JofemoDt they naldcD nat 
obajn, bat defendoden hem b; the aUer- 
UH* oI^oijhaaKK.aioti* lo leyn.fieiden 

1 whan lhi» wafl aper- 
<*tTird to tlu> king, ba oomaundode, thnC 
\mA ibtj iraiJ«de the cLt«B of Bavenne by 
<«MiB day usigned, th&t men oholde 
BWlua hcD on the forheved with an hoot 

«> jn»a and th— wi hem oat of tho tonne. 
Knw vhat things Maneth tliee, mighte ben 
lyknad to tlila onaliae ? roroertea, thilke 
MBw d^x wifl Tveaived the aaenAinga of 
mynuubytbiUuBmeiKonKn. ^^lial 

tt mv b«D Mid ber-Ifl ? iipiati diarti.nicliiii. 
Hath toy Msdie and my conninge do- 
Hn«d Ocaa ; tut ellw the foraeide darap- 
i:>rii»BB of *"<• made that hem rightful 
- ;c-ammot aot kiptatl iuxret, «o«), Wiu 
. .1 FVirtiuuMfaamed of thU? Certoi, fcl 
i.'t-M* m»t Fortune ben aihained that 
LiUiCMtce waa oocnied. yit ooghla she 
' xa bad aitamo of the &lthe of mjne 

Uat, ■ 

,t gill 

the oomiMiiya i>( llie eenalonra. And 
dMiraal Uunt to barsn in what maiiore t 
1 tfn a^miaaJ that I ahulUe Uau dea- 
losibvd lit* Kcenaor to boreu lotlrea, by 
whidia Iw abnlde ban maked the aona- 
' una K>lV afeina the kiugea real tarn- 
'iteCL lUttiitreMe, what demeatowof 

tills? Sludlfonakothisbl 
ba DO abiuna to thee ? (qwui dlrtrtt, uB»\ i( 
Cert^ I have wold it, Ihol U to aeyn, the 
laiiidoun oj iht lenal, ua I shal nover 
leteu to wilne it, and thai 1 confease and 
am alcDowa; bat the entente of the 
aocnsot to be destonrbcd ehal ceac For i; 
ehal I depe it thanne a lelonie or a aituia 
thnt I liara dasired the UTaoionn of the 
oidie of the seuat ? (qwxti dictrtt, dvbUa 
quid). And cortos yit hadde Ihilke aame 
senat don by me, thorugh hir decreta and ■; 
hir jogsmenta, as thongh it ware a ainna 
or B felonie i UuU is to tayn, lo vilnt the 
•aoodoun q/)Um (w. leualut). Bnt fulyo, 
that lyeth alwey to Lim-udf. may not 
chnango the morilo of tliingea. Neltrowe iS 
oat, by the jugemant of Socratoa, that it 
were leveful lo me to byde the aothe, 
lie Msenta to leiingea. Bat certea. how 
BO oTer it be of thii, I pntte it to geasen or 
preisen (o the jogement of thee and uf lE 
wyae folk. Of whicbe thing ol the ordi- 
naanoa and the aothe, for aa moche as 
folk that ben to coman alter our dayea 
ahallen knowen it, I have put it in acrip- 
tnra and in remambrannoa. For touching r^ 
the lettrea &laly makad, by whiche lattrea 
1 am aoooaed to ban hoped tho fredom of 
Home, what apartanetti me to ipake ther- 
□fr Of whiohe lettna tha frande liadda 
ben ahewod npertly, ylf I badde bad >; 
libertea for to han luad and been at tha 
confeaaioan of myna aiKOBonrs, the 
wbicha thing in alle nedaa hath great 
Btrengtha. For what other fredom may 
men bopcn? Certea, 1 wolde Ukat aom m 
other fredom ruighte ben hoped. 1 wolde 
tbaune lian sniwerod by the wotdea 
uf a man that highle Cauioi ; for whan 
he wax accused by Oaius Ceaar, Oer- 
meynea sone, that he {OaMtu) was know- to 
ioge and conaentinge td' a conjoruiinia 
y-moked oyeina liim (K. Oafiuj, this 
Canius aniwerede thus: " Tif I hadde 
wilt it, thoa haddwt nat wist it." In 
which thing Borwa bath nat so dnlled rny ii 
wit, that I ployne only that shrcweda folk 

wondre greetly bow that they m 
forme thinges t hat tbey badda hoped Ih 


<£Foe(6ius. (S^oefl I : (f>rost iv. 

*'S doD. For-why, lo wilne ilirBWedneiae, 
tlmt comth pOTSventnro of onre deTBOta i 
bnt it U lyk a monrtrn ftnd a marviiiHe, 
how tlmti in Iho present sighto oT god. 
miif ben MJieTed and perfanned awicba 

»o thiagM na over)' felocoog mui hsCh can- 
reivttd in hJa Ihonelit nyaini mnoconlfl. 
For which thing Don of thy famileres ant 
nn«luZ<\Uly aiad thoa : " Tif god is, 
vhennes rmaeii wikkede thisgee ? And 

»; yif god ne is. whennes eotsfln gods 
UungM?" Bnt al badda it ben lovofnt 
tliat iblonona folk, that now deuren the 
bleod and the deeth of allegoda nuoi and 
f^k of fUle the tanat, ban witned to gon 

>30 destroyen me, whom they ban fleypn 
■Iwey botnilan and defenden gode men 

>aTid eflk a1 the senat, yit bad I nat 
douerved of Ilia failarw. that It to tej/ti, i\f 
tMemalMirn, thattheyBholden wilnomy 
Ihon tliyadf, al way preaent. rewladeat 
Al the Pity of Verona, whan that Iha 
H" king, gredy of oomn&a alanehter, casta 
him to Iraniporten op al tho ordra of tba 
■enat the gilt of his real majeit«a, of the 
vhiohe gilt that Albin wna aaciised, with 
bow grat likemfsfie of peril to me ds- 
'*l fendede I al the lanat ! Tbou wo«t wel 
that I teya aootli, ne I ne annntede me 
novar in prey»inge of my-salf. For alwey, 
wban any wight receiyeth preoloua renonn 
in aTBnntinge bim-solf of his werkeB, he 
ss" amonnieth tho mcree of Mm (conscience, 
Bnt now thon mayat wel seen to what 
endo t am ooman for niyno innocence ; 
I Teeeive peyne of fUa felonye for gnerdon 
of Tarray vertn. And what open oon- 
15! feuionn of felonye hadde erer jngog so 
ocordanut In cmaltee, tlial tt to ifj/n, at 
mim aeeutinge hcM, that eithar eminr of 
wit or ellea condi ' - ~ 

e of hem, that it 
(a ttjpt, Unf U ne melj/nede tem ^ugi lo luin 
filtt or conpaMovn f For al-thogh. I 
hodda ben acfliued that I wolde brenne 
Iioly bnnaea, and *tntngla |irei?st«a with 
k wi liked e swonle, orthatlhaddegivythed 

death loal godemen, algataa the lentance 

■bolile ban pnniathed me, preaent, eon- 
feised, or eonvict. Bat now I am remawed 
fro the eitee (t/KunualmoatiyTe hundred 
thonsand pal, 1 am witli-oata defence 
dompned to profloripcionn and to tha 
death, for the itndia and botmtee> that 
I have doonio the aenat. Bat O, wel ben 
they worthy of marite|ajwfta wifA, tuy). 
thcr migbte never yit non of horn be 
convlet of swlehe a blame ax myne is ! Of 
wliiche trespaa, myne acanaonn sayen fnl 
wel the di^teo ; the whieha dignite«, 
far they wolden derkan it with modeling 
of som felonye, thoy haren me on hand, 
and lyedan, that I hodde point and do- 
Iboled my conscience with saerilage, for 
ofdignit*o. And carles, thoa thy- 

self, that art plonnted ii 
oat of the sege of mycoragenlcoveitissoi 
mortal tbiagna ; ne sacrilege hadds no 
lave to han a place in me faifom thyna 
ayeD, For thon droppedest eveiy day in 
myne free and in my thonght thilke 
fioroanndement of PSctngoraa, l*a( ii to 
ifyt, men slial aerva to godde, omJ not la 
godia. Ne it was nat conTBnient, ih no 
nedf, to taken help of the bnlest ipirites ; 
I, that thon hast ordeined and set In 
swicbe exoeUencs that thon makedeit me 
lyktogod. And over this, the right dene 
secraa chanmbre ofmyne hotia, thai It to 
ttyn, Tny icjif, and the componye of myn 
honest freendca. and my wyrea fhdar, ns 
wel holy as worthy lo hen reverenced 
thonigh his owns dedcs, defenden me 
ftxim alle mspecionn of Bwioh blame, Bnt 
O malice I For they that acensen mo 
taken of thee, PhUotophlt. faith of go gret 
blame! Fottiey trowen that I havohad 
nffinitoe to maleflce or enthannlaneiit, 
by-oanae tliat I am rapleniashad and 
fulfilled with thy (*cliiogM, and enformed 
of thy maneros. And thoa it anfflacthnot 
onl.y, that thy reveronco no availe mo not, 
bat-yif that thon, of thy tree wille, ralhai 
he blemished with myn ofiencioan, Bal 
cartel, to tha harmea that I haye, thei 
hitydoth yit this oncrees of harm, thai 
the gaasinge and the jngamant of mocht 
folk ne looken no-thing lo ihe denrtM ol 

igtOimf. I^Mtl: lilUlnT. 


tkli^aa ima parnyed of eod, wkiche Ui&t 

» lanpcml vel«(i>b)««e oommandetli. 

6If«& Ai Uw: (fta(, yi/ a inpU tew 

Uol protperiUe ; and tclio-*c> Aot* 
kkfewrVttUt Ad if a utJkJtui man, awl f^ 
' ialk,finiaJct kirn, and Se ii aorthy to fuin 
Oat •donrltH. Thit it tht opitiioun of 

tmt fiU. And tber-or camth tliat 

>, first of klla thing, fonaketb 
: o«Tta>, it KTsvetb me to thiuko 

!• H|kl aow Ui> dTTSise seiiUacei that the 
pMSt* mIUi of me. And thtu mooho 
I MTa. (hat the lane ohai^ of coDtrerioiii 
iDfton* la thia : that, whui that anj- 
Ubbmi ia la^d upon a oaitif, men -wenen 

'! that be haUL dMarred that he eoffreth. 
And 1, that am pnt awerCro goile men, 
uJ daepoiled of dJgnltaei, and defonled 
of aj came I7 gewinge, bare soSred 
toCBant for my gode dedea. Certes, mo 

v iwiiHtli that I aee the felonona covinea of 
viklud man haboonden in jo^e and in 
|la ill nail And I lea that eveiy lorel 
Itiari*'' him to flnde oatnewe fnuulea for 
la Bwsas goda folk. And I aee that gode 

U man bath orenhniven tot djsde of m; 
pail 1 and avvry laxariaaa Knumentonr 
<Ur dtxni alia felenTa impnninhad and 
l«n azDtted tharto bj yiJtiaa ; and inno- 
'luiw na ban not only deapoileil of aikar- 
[.•M but of defence ; andtherfore nieliit 
!i> Qrjran lii god in thia wj»o : — 

Hsna T. O dtUI/eH tfMHUir orbit 
O tliun maker of Iba whela that bsrotli 
l^s slcma, wbicli Uiat art y-faatTiiKl to 
i^y pardnraUe ohayor, and tomoit tha 
hnana *itli a raiinliing iweigli, and 
flmfltvainaat the atcrroa to mflhin thy 
Ia«« ; *> that (be Tnane aonv-tyme sliyoing 
villi fcif llil bomaa. meting widi alio the 
t«Ma of tha oonns hir limthar, hydeth 
tba alianw that ben Ume ; and Kmtriiie, 
b vbaN Um moaa, pale with bir derka 
bociui^ appTooheth tbe aonne, leulh hlr 
l^ta* ; aad that tJio eTe4Icm If oaparoa, 
«Uaka (kat 1a the Bnta tyma of tfaa night 

bringeth forth hir Dolde aryaineeH, cometb 
oft nyein hir D»ed oonct, and is pale bg IJ 
Me moTw at the ryiing of the soime, and 
ia thuinc uleped Lacifer. Thoa reatieineit 
the day by aharter dwelling, in tbe tyma 
of colde winter that maketh the level to 
falle. Thoa di-ndeat tbe swiile tydea of to 
the nigbt, whan the hate lODier ia comen. 
Thy might at«mpreth the variaonta 
■esona of the yere ; ao that Zepbinu the 
deboneir wind bringetli ayein, In tht fint 
tomer euoun, the laves that the wind lliat 'i 
■lights Boreas hath reft awry inaubnnpiHr, 
that it U> uinCin lAe laMt endt nf lomtr ; 
and the aedea that the stem that higbte 
AtctUTDS saw, ben waxen hgye comas 
wban the storrs Sirins escfaanfeth hem. jo 
Thar nit no-tliijiK nnbcmnde tiasa hia oldo 
lawe, ne foileteth the werke of bis propn 
estat. O thoa govemoor, govsmingo 
alle thingea by certain ande, why re- 
foaestow only to govame the warkea of 35 
men by dewe manere 1 Why suC&iot 
thoa ibat alydtnge fortonc lomatb ao 
grate entreobanngingea of thlDgea. so that 
anoyona peyne, that sholde dawely 

And foU of wikkade manere* aitten in 
beye obaynt, and anoyinge folk treden, 
and that nnrlgbthilly, on the nakkea of 
holy man 1 And Tartu, oler-ehyninge 
natnrelly, is hid in derke darkepfaos, and 45 
the rightAiI man bereth the blame and 
tha peyne of the felonn. Ne fonweringa 
ne tbe frande, covared and kembd with 
a fsla colour, na anoyeth nat to sbrawea ; 
tha whicha Bhrewee, whan hem list to 50 
naen bir atrengthe, tbay rojoyaan hem to 
pntten nnder ham the aovereyne kingea, 
whicha that poepla with^nten notimbre 
dreden. O thou, what so aver thoa 
be that knlKeat alia bondea of tbingaa, 55 
lake on tbiae wreochede ecthea ; wa man 
that ban nat a fonle party, bnt a (arr 
party of ao gTota a work, ws ben tormontad 
in this see of fortune, Tbon govomoor. 
withdraw and rostreyne the ravisahinga & 
fiodea, and batne and ferme thlse erthaa 
atahla with thilka bonds, with wbJcha 
thoa govomeat tha hcraoo that is so 

QgFotf^iM. g0»efi I: pv9Bt T. 

PiiidR V. Illr Mill coN'ini"''^ Jolore 


Wlion ! badde, vitli a contlnnel sorwB, 

■i'til>ed or borkaii ont Ihiie tliiDg«, she 

I nith hir chere peiililB, end no-thiiig 

iwved vith my compUinMs, geide thiu : 

Ws ' Wlum I Kif thee.' qnod die, ' lorwofiil 

wopinee. I wii» Mion that tboQ -wan 

n wreooha and exiltd ; but 1 wisle never 

how far thjvs exile wu. yif thy tUe na 

ludde iliewed It to me. But certei, el lie 

Id thou far fro thy oontreo, thou nut net 

pat out af U ; but thon luut failed of thy 

veyo Mid got amis. And yif then hut 

l8*or for to wene that Ihou bo pnt ont of 

Ihy coDtrw, than liut thou put ont thy- 

i5»alfnitherthananrothorwiBhthftth. For 

no wight but thy-self ne mighte never 

bui doD that to thee. For yif thou re- 

Riembre of what contree thou art bom, it 

,t BOTBmed by ecoperourB, no by 
of multitude, hb wsren the 
contmea of hem of Athene! ; bat oo lord 
nnd DO kipg, andUot it sod, thai iitardnf 
Illy coHtrte, wlui:he that rejoyuih him 
of the dweUice of hiie oiteienos, and nat 

•J fbc to putta hem in eiil ; of the -whiohe 
lorda it is a lOTenLyiie t^edom to ba 
f^vomed by the bryilol of him and obeyo 
to hia jailioe. Haitow foiyeten thilke 
right aide lawo of thy citoe, in the whiohe 

JO cites it is ordeiced and oatabliaahed, that 
for what wight that hath leTerfoandcn 
tber-in hia lete or hia hoUB than f llea- 
whar, he may net be exiled by no right 
tKaa that plane? For who-so that ii 

3j oontened iu-with the palie and Iha cloa of 
Ihilke dtoe, ther nla do drede that ho 
iB>r damve to ben exiled. But whi>«o 
th>t IMeth the wil lor to anhabita thara, 
he forlateth alio ta dtauiie to ben oitexaLn 

41 of thilke oiteCL So that I My, that the 
£ue of thi4 pleoe no moveth me nat ao 
nochelaa thyna owne faoB, Na I axe nat 
rather the waliee of thy librarie, ap»r- 
ayled and wrought with yvory and with 

45 glaa, than after the sete of thy thDOght, 
In whicho I pntta nat vrhylam bolies, bat 
I putla that that maketh hokeii wori hy of 
pry* ur precious, that is to geyn, ttie 

fienlenfe of my bakes. And eerteinly of 

tlion baat leid looth, but alYer the multi- 
tude of thy gode dedei. thou hait Kid 
feve ; and of the honeatee or of the lUa- 
neese of thingea that ben aposed ayefna 
tboe, thou haet remembred thinges that 
heo knowon to alle folk. And of the 
felonyas and ^audea of thyne aecuaouTa, 
it scmeth thee havo y-tonched it foraothe 
righiftiUy and ihortly, al mighten tho 
aame thingea betere and mora plentt- 
vonaely ben couth in the mouthe of the 
poeple that knoweth al this. Thou haal 
eek blamed gretly and compleiiied of the 
wrongfitl dede of the lenat. And thoa 
halt aorwad for ray blame, and thou halt 
wopen forthe damage of thy renonn that 
ia spayiipd ; and Ihy laate lorwe esohaofoda 
ayeica fortane, and tomploinaat that 
ruerdoojin ne ben nat evenliche yolden Is 
tho dusertca of folk. And in the latere 
ende of thy vode Unao, thou prejM««t 
that thilke peel that goremeth the hevena 
■hotde govoma the erthe. But for that 
manye tribolaciouni of alfecciouna ban 
BSBailed thee, and aorwa and ire and 
wepioge to-drawen thee dyveraely ; aa 
thou art now foble of thought, mightier 
remediea ne ahollen nat yit touehen thee, 
for whiche we wol naea aomdel lighter 
medicinea ; ao that thilke paauooni that 
ben woien harde in ewellinge, by pertur- 
baoiouna flowing in-t« thy thought, 
mowen waxen cay and aolte, to reeelren 
the Blrongtlie of a mora mighty and more 

Mrrsi VI, 
Cum Pluii rodifi BTam 

Whan that the hety iterra of the 
Cancre eaohaiLfBth l>y the bamea of Pbe- 
bna, that ii to wyn, uAon Oat PhOnu tht 
■mns iMinUie ligtie a/ Ihe Oanen. wh»«a 
ye*ath thanns largely hiaa aedaa to the 
feldea that refuaen to reeeiven ham, lat 
him gon, bigyled of tmat that ha hadd* 

wolt gadre violettea, ne g« ihon not ta 

(geti^wi. Q0«eft I : fpxwt VI. 


■ Iba pDipnr wod* whui tlis l«ld, uhlrk- 
h|«< acTwUi of eold* bf tlie falnoua of 
iIm wiad* that bighM AqailoD. Yif tlion 
iflrinat or wolt man grapoB, ne seke tbon 
cLt, witli • iIoMdooi hoDd, to itreyne 
Dd praMe tha stalkca of the vine in the 
r-irvt Kwoo' MKitn ; for B«ohiu, the god 
-■< «7iic, lutli rather faven bisa ylHea to 
mtmnpiie, (A< (a(fr <ni{«</iDmtr, Ood 
ukaelh nod kntgnath tho tjtace, kliluigii 

»Ibb to hir propres offioea ; na he ne 
aAMh tiat tha itoondea vhiohe that 
Ua-««lf hath dBrydad and oonstreyBed 
«• ban j^medled to-gidara. And foithj 
ka thai forletath urtain otdinaonee of 

1 Iliac* t>T orei-ihrowinf^ wa;, be ne bath 
BB slade ianu or onde of bia verhoL 

haaa VI. Priminn Igitur paUrime mt 

junntlft n>gacionibut. 
Flnt *nlt<nr taffn ma to toacba and 
uaajra Uie otat of th; Choo^ bt b^ a feire 
ilcDuniidM. CO that t ma; nndentonda 
■hat ba tba manere of tb; cnracioon?' 
■ Sun. 'Aie me,' qood I, 'at thj wille, 

TliD Made ihe thu : ' Whether ire- 

UHto'ir,' qDod alie. ' that thia irurld bo 

{ovenied by fooliah bappea and for- 

I • limoiu, OT ellce that there be in it any 

[OTaraeiDant of reannn?' 'Cerloi.' 

that ao cation tbitXfei aholde be mneved 
tr foTtniiotu fonona ; bnt I wot wel that 
r' (nd, maker asd majMer. ie gorenioBr of 
Lta werk. Na never caa yit day that 
michia pulle me oat of the ■othneeaa of 

' !*v ia it.' qood iho ; ' for Ih« vune 

I. iJiiin «oDg< thou a litel l:irT-bifaro, and 

tawejledeat and blwepteat, that only raen 

irarwi put ODt of tbe core of god. For of 

alia other thingea thou ne dontedait nat 

that Ihvy nare governed by reaonn, Bnt 

•5 ovh >. {t. fopt I wcndre gretly, carta*. 

vhy that tiiaa art ayk, ain that tb<m art 

pot tn lo holaom a lentonce. Bot lat u 

■akm iteppor; I eonjacta that ther lak- 

k*Ih I not D*re what, Bnt My ma tbii : 

■> iln that thoQ ne dont^ net that this 

wutld be govamed by tod, with wl.ieba 
govanutilaa lakeilew beda that it ii 
governed ? ' ' t'nnethB, ' quod I, ' know* 
I tha unlenee of thy queationn ; as that 

thy de- JJ 

'I nu nat deceived,' qiiod abe, 'that 
thor ne faileth somwhat, by wbiehe tbo 
moladye of thy perturbacionn li erapt 
in-to thy thought, ao aa the itrengtbe of 40 
the palia cbyning ia open. Bat ley me 
thii ! romamhrcit tbon what ia tbe ende 
of tbingea, and wbidar that the enten- 
cionn of alle kinde tendeth ? ' 'I hare 

drerinesBa hath dulled my memorie-' 

'Certei,' qnod she, 'tbon woet wel 
wbennea that alls thinges bea eomen and 
procedetb ? ' 'I wot wel, ' quod I, and 
amwerode, that 'god ia beginning of aL' jo 

'And how may tliia be, 'quod aha, 'that, 
ain thou knowaat the beglnnijig of 
tbinges. that thoa ne knowait uab what 
ia the ende of tbingea? Bat iwiche ben 
tha onatomes of pertnrbacionna, and thia 51^ 
power they ban, that they may moeve 
a nun out of hia plaoe, lAal it to Myn, /n 
the ttabltna otul pir^ekvit nf hit IriUB- 
ingt ; bnt, oertei, they may nat at arace 
him, na aliene bitn in aL 13at I woide &> 
that thou woldeat aoiwere to thia : 
remembreitow tbat ibon art a manf 
'Why ibolde I nat ramembro that!' 

■Mayatow nat telle ma tbanne.'quod Cj 
■be, ' what thing ii a num ? ' ' Axetlow 
me nat,' quod I, 'whether that I bo 
areaonablaiDorlatbeeat? Iwootwel,and 
I confeauwol that t am it.' 

' Wlateatow never yit that Chon were ;a 
any other thingp' qnod iha. •'So,' 

quod I. 

' Now WDOt I,' qnod aba, ' other eanaa of 
thy maladyv, and thai right gret*. Tbon 
haac laA for to knowen thy-self, what 73 
then art ; thomgfa wbiobe T have playnly 
founden the canae of thy naladya. or ellaa 
the entree of Tesoreringe of thyn hela. 
Far-why, for thon art confounded with 
furyeting of thyself, for-lhy torwealow In 
that thoa art eiilail of thy propre gwdet. 


14° (gotiiitts. d^eefi I: Qlletvc vn. 

And foe thon ns wogt wh»t ia tiie <niil« ot 
thingea, for-tli; demaMow tlikt felonom 
Bud wiklLcd men ben mighty and welnfal. 

flj And fbr than faavb foryoten fay whiohe 
gOTen«mBnW the world ia govomed, foT- 
thj vearKtovr that t!ijw mutaciouns of 
ftiTtlins flstan witb-ontd goTeraoor. Thiso 
bon gnM eausiu Dot only to maladj-e. 

90 but, cartes, greUi oaaflea to diietii. But 
I thftnke tho anotor and the makei of 
beta. Iii*( nature hnUi not al (brletan 
tbM. I huve greto uoriuhicges of thyo 
bale, and that ia, tha sotha aanteuce of 

95 govemaunca of tho worlde ; that thon 
bilBvaat that tbe goVBrnisga of it nia nat 
■abj«ot no nnderpat to tha folia of tbiss 
bBppaa arenturons, bat lo the reionn of 
god. And theMor donta thee no-thing ; 
100 for of this litel spark thyn hete of lyf 
»hal shyno. Bnt for a* moeho as it is 
nat tj-ma yit of &st«r ramodios, and tha 
catoi'B of tboughtes deceived Is this, 
that u oIU as they cMtan away «othe 

105 opinioons, tbay elotben bem in &lse 
oidnialuiis, of whiob falw opinionus tbe 
derkciDesss of pertni-bodoiiD waxeth np, 
that confoimdcith tbe Terra; inaighte : 
and ibat derkenossa sbal I aiaaya som- 

■ m what to niiiken tbinna and wayk by 
lights and manellahe remedies : bo that. 

atUie that the derkenesse of daceiTinge 
denringai isdonawey, thon mows knovo 
the Bhyningo of vernvy Ught. 

Uetbe VII. yubSnii atrit. 
The Btorrea, oovered with hlako clondaa, 
ne tsowen yoten a^onu DO light. Yifthe 
tronble wind llut bight Aostor, turning 
and walwlnge the sea, medlelb the hate, 
that it lo teyn, tlu boylitig up /rora Ms : 
boinu; tho wawesi that whflom worea 
deio as glaa and lyke to the fikira olora 
dayeg, withstanda anon the sigh tat of men 
by the filtha and ordora that is raolTed. 
And the fletinge irtfeatn, tbat rojletb 
dona dyveraly fro beye moQUtsignei, Is 
arciaLed and resisted oHe lymo by the 
enooQCtringe of a irtoon that Is departed 
and fallen from lom rocbe. And for- 
thy, yif tbon wait lokan and demau 
Booth with oleer light, and balden the 
wey with ■ right path, weyre thon joye, 
diyf fro thea dreda, flomo thou bepe, na 
lat no sorwe aprocbe ; lluxt b to Kj/n, lat 
Hon iif ihite /l»ir patiioiau OTep-comen thee 
or blende (Am. For cloudy and darke is 
thilke thoDght, and bonnde with brydlea, 
»heie-aa thise thingea regnen.' 

Explicit Liber Piimtu. 

Piosi I. Ftmea paalitper eonlleull. 
Aflar this she stinle a licol ; and, afler 
tbat sbe badde godered by atempro stille- 
nww m3>D alteccioon, ibe leida thns : 
(A« triw miffUs seyn IAk>.- AJler lAIn 

5 Oihifet ihe tUnle a liul ; and Khan ihi 
Bftrttlved bjt alempra tUllmett thai I iwu 
ti>taia/lohertenekiT,ilubigan loipelKin 
lUiwiM}; 'TifI,'gaodshe,-bavennder- 
sMmdoa and knawen ontr<iy tha causes 

10 and tha habit of thy maladye, thon 
languiaseat and art dafatod for deayr and 
talent of tby rather fortune. She, tbat 

ilka Fortune only, that is ehannged. as 
tbou feynest, to tbee-ward, hath parrertad 
tbecleemeneandtbaestatofthycorage. 1 
I tmclentonde tbe fele-folde oolotua and 
deoeitcs of thilka meTVailoBS monatre 
Fortune, and how aha usath fill flateringe 
familaritee vith bem that sbe enfiuoalh 
to bigyle ; so longe, til tbat aba oonfoiLnda 1 
with nnsnffatable sorwe hem tbat sbe 
hath leii in deipayr nnpmrayod. And yif 
thou rsntecabrest wel the kinde, tba 
maueras, and tbe desert of thilka Fcstune, 
tbou shalt wel knowa that, oa in hir, : 
thou nsTer na haddast na haat y4oat any 
fair thing. But, ai I trowe, I sbal nat 

'§ott$itui. (STooft n : (pvwt i. 

gnUy tnTftilen to do thee niniBDibran oa 
*!»• lUnge*. For thoo were wonC to 

» barleles uiil deap;«eii hir, with mUily 
wonle*, -whmn the waa blaoodis^go and 
ptiatnt, mai inuMwedMt hir with scn- 
lctic«a Uutt were dmwen ont of myn 
cntiee. Hoc ItbtM^ mt a/nynir^foma- 

SSeAowL Bab do sodein matacioun no 
UljiUIh li*t with-onto B manEre ohanng- 
ing* af oeragH ; and so ia it befaUeo thnt 
titan art a litel dapart«d fiti the poe« of 

^ Bnt DOW li tTme that thoa driuka and 
MmU loina «on« and delitablo thingea ; 
•0 lliat, whan they hea cnlreid within 
IhM, It mowe mokEn way to elrengero 
diinkM of msdioynca. Com now forth 

411 therforo the (naaioiui of iwetenenn re- 
thoritm, whicha that goth only th« right 

whyl ihs I 

kxth I 
And with Bhetorioe com forth 
Hixilee, > daminl of oar hooa, that 
' ftli^ttthlktiwUghteiaioadeioriiToladlimu, 
»ow hrryer. What eyloth thee, man P 
WlMt I* it that hath cart thee in-to 
■MmiiiCA and in-to wepinge? I trowe 
that thon haat aeyn aoiri nowe thing and 

^nnoOQlh. Thon wenest that Fortono be 
ehaanged ayoin thee ; but then wenest 
wrong:, yif thon that wens. Alwpy tho 
hsn hirmanerea; aha hath rather kept, 
u to tbee-ward, hir propro (tableceaio in 

<» the channginga of hlr-eelf. Biglit gwJch 
waa aha whan ahe fiatvrfKl thee, and 
daocind thoa with nnlavefnl Ij'kinges of 
fala wvlefOliteMe. Thoa halt now knowi^n 
moA atajnt the doutona or donbte visage 

'{Of thilka blindegoddeneFortnne. She, 
thai yil eoworeth hir and wimpleth hit 
t» otliar folk, hath ihewed hir everr- 
dd t« tlue. Yif Ihna Bproveat hir and 
(haikeat that thai* good, tua hir maoiirM 

■n and playna thee nat, And yif thon 
aiijiMl hir feloe treohuye, dstpyae and 
ttjn away hir that pleyeth ao hariniUIy ; 
for ahe, that [i now amM» of ao mnrha 
•urVB tn thee, aholde bea canae to thee of 

n P«a and of Joye, Bbe hath fbmikev theo. 
fonuthe -. Uie wbiob* that norar man 
mar tiaii alksr that ahe no ahnl fonako 
bim. Oloaa. But oaUiIm, torn* frait<« 

Aon the test Ihuii: For sothe, she hath 
foreaken thee, no tbei nia bo num liker 

that ahe ne bath nat forsakim. 

HoMoatow than thUke weleftilnoiBO 
precious to Ihae tliat ahal paasen t And 
is present Fortnna dorewortbo to tbeo, 
which that nil nat feithM fur to dwoUe ; 
anil, whan she goth away, that ahe 
brlngsth a wight in sorwe i For sin aha 

wUJs, the makflth him a wreccha -whan 
she deparlsth fro Mm , What other thing; . 
is Bittinge Fortune bnt a manershewinga 
of wrecohedneesa that ia to oomon ? No 
itnesofFysethnat only to lokaa on liiingo 
tliat is present bifom the syen of a man. 
But wiidotn luketh and amesnreth the < 
vndo of Uiinges ; and ths uuno chaimg- 
inge fVom 00a in-lo an-q(her, thai b (o 
leyn, from adveriitee in-to protperilu, 
moketh that the manacea of Portnno ca 
ben nat for to drodan, no the flaterin^ea 
of hir Id bea detired. ThnM, at the lazto, 
it bihoveth thea to soA^n with eveno 
wiile in paclenoe al that ia don In- with tbs 
floor of Fortune, ttat U ia Kim, tn OiU 
TsorU, sin thou hast ones put tliy nokke 
undor thoyokof hir. Porylf thoa wait 
wrytaa a lawe of wendlnga and of dwell- 
ings to Fortnno, whicho that thon haat 
choaen frely to ben tby lady, artow nat 
wrongfU in that, and makeat Fortime 
wroth and aipero by tbyn inpatienee, 
and jit thou mnyat nat cliannge hirf 
Yif thon committoit and bitakost thjt 
■ailei to the winde, thoa shalt be shoyen, 
not thider that thoa wotdnt, but whidur 
that the wind ahorelh thee. Yif tbon 
Fastest thy ledea in-to the f^ldci, thon 
aholdut ban in mindathattheyereaben, 
amoDgfci, otber-wbyla plentwona and 
olher-wbyle bareyne. Thoo haat bitnkoa 
thy-self to the eovernannee of Fortnna, 
and for-thy it bihoroth theo to ben 
obeisaunt to the manorea of th]t btdy. 
Enforceit thon thee (o nroton or with- 
holdan tberwinnesae and tho aweigh of 
hir Inminge whalo 1 O thoa foot of alio 
mortal foolaa, if Fortune bigan lo dwsllo 
stable, iho ecaado thanna lo bm For. 

B I. Hec rain nptrha Ktrteril vica 

WhiiD FortoUB irith m, prond right 
htiid hath toreed hir oh&imgiixge 
stonndea, she fareth lyk the mouereB of 
the boiliDBo Euiype. GIoBB. £ur][pe 

SU an arm of th» trt that el>bel\ and 
fiameth; and »om-tyme (he ttreeta ii on 

tydt, and tom-iyma im Iht other. 

Tent. Sho, orncl Kortano, castoth «dcnin 
UsgBS thftt «hylom f area r-dnd ; and 

lo she, deoeivftble, echBoaseth ap the hum- 
ble ohere of him that is discomflti'd. 
Ke she neither hereth no nikketh of 
wreochede wepinge< ; nud she ia to banl 
that ihe laogheth and acometh the wep- 

>5 inKHtof hem, the whiche ahe hath mftkod 
*epe with hir free wills. Thtia she 
pIoTclli, and thus she proevotli Lir 
Btren^es ; aod sbewelh a greet wundc-r 
to >11« hir BorvsuntM, j-if Uiit a wight 

311 i« leyn welefol, atiil uvortbrowe iu nu 

■ I!. 

K Certu. IwoldeplcteDwith tbMafewa 

FtliiiigM, uainEe the wordea of Fortune ; 
UX heds noir th;.Boilf, yi£ that Bbs luieth 
right. " O than man, wher.fore makeat 

5 thoqmegilty b/tbynseyei^-Jaj-eBplfiyQ- 
iiigeB? What wrouK have I don thee? 
What gnodes have I bircft tbpe that 
vforeD thyne? Stryf or plota with roe, 
liifore what jage tbot thon wolt, of the 

la poBBoaBioiiik of ridienca or of dignileoa. 

anj' mortal man hath received my of tba 
tbiDgBB to ben hige iu prapre, tliao wnl 
I eraunte frely that alls thilke thingea 

ij wcreu thyne fhiche that thou axest. 
AYlian that nature broogbta thea forth 
out of thy naoder wombo, I receyved thee 
naked and nedjr of alle thineea, and 
1 DoriMliede thee with my richeaaea, 

nond was tady and ententif throneh my 
favour to luslernB thee ; and that maketh 
thM now iupacient ayeius me ; and 
I antinunde Ihea with alia Ihe abvun- 

dauco and ahyuiuge of alle goodaa (1 
ben in my right, Now it lyketh me *)> i 
with-drawen my baud ; thou hast had 
grace aa he that hath used of foreine 
goodas ; thou bast no right to pliTne 
thee, as Ihongb tbon haddost outrely for- 
lorn alle thy (hingei. Why pleynest than j 
thanne f I have done tbeo no wrong. 
BiDbessea, honoun, and awiche other 
tbingoa ben of my right. My aBrrauntea 
knowen me for hir lady; they oomen 
with me, and departen whan I wenda. i 
I dar wel affermen hardily, that yif tho 
thingea, of whtoh thou pleynaat that than 
haat forlorn, hadde ben tbyiio, thon ne 
boddeat not lorn hem. Shal I thacne 
only ben defended to men my tight f j 

clora dayaa, and, after that, to covereu 
tho eamo dayes with derka nightes. The 
year hath eek lera to appamileu tba 
visage of the erlbe, now with flooros and 4 
jiow w!tli fmit, and tu uuufoundon hem 
Bom-tyme with reynea nnd with coldes. 
The aee hath eek bis right Ii bon aoni- 
tyme ualrue and blauudiahing with 
smothe water, and aom-Iyme to bfdi hor- g 
tible with wawea and is-itli lempeatea, 
But the covetise of men, tlint raty uat 
ban Btasclioil, shal it binda ma to ben 
Btedefast, Bin tliat BtedefastnoBBa ia no- 
oouth to my maneras! Swich ii mjr s 
■trongtlis, and this plcy I pleye eon- 
tinuely. I tome the whirlinge wheel 
with the toming corcla ; I am glad to 
channgen the lowest In the heyest, and 
the heyest to tbo lovroat. Worth up, if 6 
thou wol^ BO it be by thislawe, tbat thon 
ne holds nat that I do t bee wronge tbog^ 
thou deaoende adonn, whan the Teaoun of 
my pley aieth it. Wistest thou nat 
how Cresus, the king of I^'dienB, of (j 
whiohe king Cyrna was ful aora agnat 
a litel hifom, that this rewUche Creaua 
woa caoght of Cyiua and lad to the f^r to 
ben brent, but that a rayn deacendede 
doun fro hcvene that reacowcde himf 7 
And is it out of tby minde how that 
PanluB, conaul of Rom*, whan he hadde 
taken the king of rorciena, weep luluuily 
Ibr the oaplivita* of Ih* lelj lunge f 

QgE«et(uu. <Sooi u : ^rest lH. 

•hut wilh ui miwu' iticks ovBrtomsth 

r-wlmn of grete BobUy r ClDie. TVn- 

f^ir ii la ifyn, a diUt of a proipfrilee Jbr 

ta a lync (Anl endelh in tcreahediMMe. 

LwAodot DKt thoa in Ortke, wlum tbon 
wen Tongo, thM in the entrM, or in the 
mtcK, of Japiter, Iher ban southed two 
toBDM: Uutou is (ill of good, (hut other 

■IgliAJof >uum? Wlmt TiEhl hnsl thou to 
pbiTiw, jit thon hut taken more plente- 
<naiiTv( thagodttjie, that U to Kyn.a/ 
my richema and protpetiltt ; *Qd what 
Mk if I tie ba ut Bl doputod ito thee ? 

"■ Wlutt eck yif my motahUitee yiTeth thee 
ricbtfiol uDoc of hope to ban yll betoc 
ihiajMf KkthelM diimaye thee uat in 
ibyUionclit: and thoii that art put In 
%hm OMiMUie realm* of olle. so desyre iiat 

» M Uv«n by thyn only piopre light. 

Usnaa It. 81 quanUu T^ptdU/tallbut 

Tboogh Pleutw, thai U goddate a.f 
rleHemtt, buldo adonn witfa fol ham, ond 
•dthdrawetfa nat hir hand, aa ninny 
richeaaoa aa the aoe tometh npward 
.' easdea whan it ii moered with rarisBh- 
isga Uaatea, or ellea as nutny ricboaiea 
11^ ther attyneo brigbte aterrea on heveno 
' n Ihs Bleiry ulghtea: yit, for al tlul, 
:^ankindc nolde notcsaeto wepo vrecch- 
lie ploynlca. And al be it ao tliat god 
t mj t j ^Mii cladiy hir preyan, and yireth 
tbcto (a* fool'largej mocha gold, and 
ayantllath cweitoiu men vith nobla or 

Ibat thoy lian 
gatan. abawath vther gapingea ; Ihat it ki 
NfB, foyn and dayrto yit aJUr mo rkK- 
a**, WlialbiyiUaai>ughten»iibboUeu, 

■> to aajr ««rt«io anda, tb« deaordsnes ctn-e- 
tim wTnien. whan, aver ihs rather iliatit 
Batotb in largs ylftea, the more ay bred- 
■atli in bam tho thnnt of bavinge ? 
CteM* k* that, quakinga and dredfUl, 

•} wMMlk biu-Mlmi uedy, ha ne livclb 

Tborfor, yif that Fortt 
tiee for hir-Bolfin thia m 
hou ne baddcst nat wliat thou mighteEt 
niwere. And, if thoa haat any-tbing 
'h«rwitb thou mayast rigjhtfaUy de- j 
rendeQ thy oompleiot, it bohoveth thoe 
to abowun it ; and 1 vol yeven theeapaca 
to tetlen it' Boeca, ' Corleynly,' qnod 
nne. ' tbiae beth fairs thingea, 
and enointed with bony awetenene of ic 
petboriJto and maaike ; and only wbyL 
Jiey ben herd they ben delicitma. Bnt to 
■vrecohoa la a doppoi' fdingo of harm; 
I (o aciffl, that tertcektt fiien (Ae 
I (Ikot l/irji (Hinvn nore gmoatlg i; 
ht remedia or the detita c/ Mim 
tuontti moHsn irladen or a»<\far1tn heat : to 
that, whan Ililae thlngoi atinten for to 
svana ia ares, the Krwa lliat ie iiuflt 
grevetb the thought' in 

Pha. ' Bight ao is it,' quod ihe. ' Kor 
thiao ne ben yit none remediea of Iby 
Dialadye ; bat thoy ben a maner noriaah- 
ingea of thy aorwe. yit rebel ayoiji tby 
curaeioun. For whan tliat tyme ia, I '5 
■hal moera awiche tlungea that penwn 
hum-aelf depci. But natbelea, that thou 
■halt Dot wilne toleten Iby-ielf n irrecchB, 
haat than foryeten the noiuaber and the 
manere of tby welefnlneaie ? I bold* me io 
atille, bov that the aovei*yna men of tba 
citH token thee in core and kepioge, 
whan thoa weie orphelin of bdai' and 
moder, and were chosen In afflnitce of 
prince! of the dtoe; and thou bignnna >S 
rather to bo leaf and dere dian forlo ben 
a neighbour ; the w^hiotie tbing ia the 
most preciooa kinde of any propinqoiteD 
i>r alysnnce that may ben. Who ia it 
Ihat ne aeide Ibo that than wan right 4'> 
welefol, with ao grete n ooblfye of tby 
fadrea-in-lawe, aad witb the ehaatltoe of 
thy vyf, and with the oportonilae and 
Dobleaae of thy maaciUin chlldron, Mol li 
Eo ttj/n. thy loiutf And over al tbia — me i.^ 
Uat to pasun tha cnmaua (hiegia— how 
thou baftdeiL iu tby ToDthadlE>ut*n that 

(g^oefjitw. I$«»l II : Qntfrt m. 

weren wenicd [o uldc men. But it diw 
lyMth me to oomcn now to tlici singuloi 
JO npbepiDeo of thy welefnlnssse, Yif »ny 
fmit of mortAl tlim(-«s luiy faun kay 
weighte or prya orveleftalQene, mighteat 
tboa erer foryeten, for any ohuKO of 
harm that miefale tn&lle, tho mnem- 
55 hrmasiM of thilke day tliat thoa aaye thy 
two B0O6B lualcod conseilantf, and y<Iad 
to^dere fro Uiyn honso under so greet 
•Membleo of genatoureg and under the 
Uythentsu of poople ; and whan thon 
io aaya hem Mt in the oourt in here ehayeres 
of digui(«ea? Thou, relhorioa or pro- 
nouncora of kingea preymnges, demirTednt 
gloria of wit and of oloqnonoe, whan 
thou, aittinge bitweno thy two Bones, con- 
65 xilerei, in tho pUce that highta Ctrco, 
ffulfiildast tho Bbrdingo of tha ronl- 
titade of poepU that waa tprad aboat«ii 
thee, with bo large preyiinge and lande, 
■a man aingen in Tictoriea. Tho yave 
ja thou wordM to FoTtane, aa I tiDwe, 
Oat U to ar^, lAo fefftS^ thou Fattw^e 
vMt gloiHige aorda and deceiveHeH Mr, 
vhan she aooyeds thea and coriaahoda 
thee aa hir owna delyoea. Thon bem 
75 away of Fortune a yifle, Hat It to tfjfti, 
tmiche gtierdouii, that she never yaf to 
privee man. Wilt thoa Iherfor leye 
» rekenings with 'Fortune ? She hath 
DOW twinkled firtt upon thee with a wik- 
to kede eye. Yif thou oonsidere the nonm- 
bie and the nunare of thy bliasea and of 
iby aorwesi thoQ mayst nat foraaken that 
thoa art yit bliaftil. Far if thoa therfor 
wonaat Uiy-aelf nat welafol, for thingea 
Rj that tho aemadan joyfol benpoaied. ther 
Ilia nat whj thou aboldeit weiia thy-aelf 
» wreecbe ; for thiugos that aemen now 
aorya paaaen alao. Art thoa now pomen 
flnt, a lodeia gest, in-to the ahadwe or 
90 labenutflo of lliia lyf ; or troweat thou 
that any st«defastneBse be in mannoa 
thingea, whan oflo a swilt bonre dis- 
•olvoth tho »une man ; thai i$ to tiyn, 
KrAun >fu mutt dipartetA Jro fka bodt/f 
95 t^ir, aJ-thaQgh that eeUe is ther any fcith 
that foirtnnous thiogts wolen dvellen, yit 
nalhelea tha laita day of a mumea lyf !■ 
a manBro declh (o ForiuDO, and also t 

thilka that hath dwelt. And thaiAr, 
what, weneatow, thar [thaej reenhe. yif 
thon forlets bir in deyinge, or ellea thM 
she, Fortunf, forlete thea in flaainc* 

Whan Phobus. the aonno, biginiutlilo 
spreden bis cleemeaso with rosene ohari- 
ettes,thanno the atBrra, y-dimmed, palolh 
hir whyte ohcrei, by the flombei of the 
gonne that ovarcometh the sterre-ligbt. 
Thit H to Kyn, vtlum iht tonne fi tUen, 
the de]/->lem tcexelk pale, and laeih hir 
ligM fiir fhe grHt brighiiumt of (bd kmiiw. 
Whan the wodo wexeth rody of roaena 
floorea, in the firn somor aeaoon, thorogh 
tha brethe of the winde Zaphiroa that 
weioth warm, yif tho cloudy wind Auator 
blowe fetlicha, than goth awey tha fairo- 
Dcaaa of thomos, Ofte tho aea ia deor 

and calm withouto moevinga flodea ; and 
oflo tho horrible wind Aqailon mocvcth 
boilioge teoipeatea and oTBT-wbelvetfa tho 
see. Tif the formo of thia worlde is bo 
Helde stable, and yif it turnaUi by eo 
many Qntreohaungicgea, wait thou thaimo 
troaten in the tombllnge fortune* of 
men? Wolt thoa trowen on flltlingo 
goodea ? It ia certein and eatabliBshetl 
by lawe perdurable, that no-thing that ia 
CDgcndred nb steds&ft no atablo.' 

Pbosi it. Tvnc tgo, vera. 

Thanno Bcide I thoa : '0 norioenf alio 
vertnei. thon aeiat ftU Roolh ; nolnemay 
nat forsake the right swifle onara of my 
proaperit^e ^ ilvit itta tryn, tAatprotjtertttt 
ne Ch romfn to me mjnder mtfi/lti/ and tonf. 
Butthia ia a thing that greetly amorteth 
me whan it remambreth me. For in alls 
adverailee of fortune, the moat nnaely 
kinde of contrarioUB fortune ia to hon 
ben wcleftiL' 

jPJUI, 'But thatthon.'qnodahe, 'abyeat 
thua tho torment of thy fUM opinionn, 
that mayat thou nat rightftiUy blaman 
no orelten to thingei : ta mho eeltA,^ir 

13 t*o« kiulifitinanjilUibimdtuiBeno/Mnga. 

Teit For ■! ba it so that tie yilel 

tume of kvealnnms-wglefoIiUMa moeveth 
(hae now, it ii lerofnl that thou rekna 
with mo of how nuuiya erata thingea 

n thou hkit jit plantee. And therfor, yif 
that thilke thiiig that thon hiuldert for 
■nc«t precioni in al thy Ticbesia of (or- 
liuia b* kept to thee yit, Iv ths grsca of 
god, luiwciamcd and ondcfbaled, tnarat 

*Sthcn thaima pleyna iightl\ill}> apon the 
B«aduf of Ponmie, da tbon haat ^it thy 
tota thiagM r CertM, yit liveth in good 
point tbiUe predona honoor of man- 
kinds, ByroMiias, ibj wyvM fader, which 

Pthal iaa man mBtad alio of aapienceand 
of Tertn ; tha whioha man thon watdoat 
brm redely wUb Uu prya of thyn owns 
lyfi Ha hiwaylMh the wnmgea that men 
dm to thea, aod nat for him-selfj for he 

MS linUi fn dkeniane of any aantaDcec pat 
iiraim bim. And yit Uveth thy wyf, 

liutt H atunpr* of wit, and pBMinge other 

vuBOkaD ill clenneeao of ohaatetee ; and 

40 ia lyk to hii fader. 1 telle thee wel, that 
•b« liMth looth of this lyf , acl kepetta to 
Ihaa only hir goost ; and is al maat and 
»*Br«omac by wepinge and iorwo for 
daayr of thee, in tha whiche thing only 

U I moDl (Tanntan that thy WBlefuhieaao ia 
aownVMd. What shal I seyn eek of thy 
two Boaea, oonaeilonrs, of whiche, aa of 
ehlhlran of hir »ge, tfaer ahynsth tha 
ir^T —I of tin wit of fair fader or of hir 
■.itlmeUaat And ain the Bovorej-n onre 
■I oJIa iDi-rtel folk ia to (aven hir owon 
:-. rai^ O bnw weleful art thon, yif tlion 
Ldowv thjr (oodeel For yit ben ther 
IhiocM dwalled to thee-ward, tiiat no 

a Man donteth that they na ben mora 
ilaraierl h » to thea thtm thyn owen lyf, 
Aail fOT'Iby «ltyB thy teres, for yit nis 
n*t averich (brtnne al hateful to tb«e- 
-anl, na oTBT gTHt tempeat bath nat yit 
-'Uen apon thee, wliau that thyn ancrea 
!i**n fasta. that neither wolen inifren 
'.'ill oomifort of this tj-me jiresent ne the 
|ji>{-e of tyroo oominite to potion ne to 
\ ■riau.' Bmc*. * And I proye, ' qood I. 
'hat fasta noten ihay haldauj for 

whyles that they halden, haw-«o-cter that 
thingea ben, 1 ahal wel Aeten forth and 
eacapen ; hut thon mayst wel Been how 
grela apanyles and aray that ne lak- 
keth, that ben passed away fro me.' jn 

rhil, ' I have aam-wlul aTannaed and 
forthered thee,' qnnd ahe, ' yif that thou 
anoye nat or forthinka nat of al thy 
fortnno : as leho teilh, I Itane *n«-icAiit 
eom/aritd thea, to that aum ten^iat llua 75 
oaf thutteiOi al Iky .fijrtane, tin Uiau hint 
j/it Ikj/ baU Ihinga. Batlmaynatsuflien 
thy deliccB, that pleynest so wepinge and 
angoissoas, for that ther lakketh som- 
what to thy welefiilneMa, For what man Bo 
ia ao sad or of so porlit welafolneaso, that 
he ne atrjveth and pleyaoth on aom halve 
ayen the qnalitea of bis oatat? For>wby 

mauuea goodes ; fur either it nometh nat Bj 
ol-togider to a wight, or ellas it last nat 
perpotaeL For aun man hath greto 
rioheaseg, bnt be fi a«luuiied of his un- 
gental linage ; and som is renowned of 
noblwae of fcinrade, bat be ia enclosed in go 
ao grata angoisshe of nede of thinges, that 
him wers laver that he were ncknown. 
And aom man babonadoth both in rich- 
euo and nahlesH, bnt yit ha bawaileth 
hia obasta lyf, for he ne hath no wyf. 95 
And som man la wsl and aolily y^naried, 
bat be bath no ohildran. and norisaheth 
his riehesses to the eyna of stnuig* 
folkea. And aom man ia ^aded vith 
ohildran, but he wepclh fnl aoiyfortha >n 
treepaa of hia aona or of hia dooghtar. 
And for this tbar na aeordeth no wight 
lightly to the oondioiona of hia fortima ; 
for alwey to erery man tlier is in aum- 

ellea he dredeth that ha bath aMtyed. 
And adde thia also, that evary welaAl 
man hath a fnl dalicat felinge ; so that, 
bnt-yif alia tbingsa hUUIe at hia owne 
wil, for ho is impaoient, or ia nat need to 11 
ban Don advcraltee, anon be is throwen 
Hdonn foi evBiT lilel thing. And tol litd 
thingea ben tlu> that withdrawen the 
Bunuaa or tha perfeccioan of bliafolneue 
fro bom that bun mriat furtnnat. It-iw 1 ' 

fg^H^iM. cgeefi n: Qtltfrt IT. 

hem-asll' lo ben almoil in beTsne, fif 
thtiy mightaa atayne to Uie least party ul' 
ihoremndanlofthyfortonB? ThiBSame 

o pUco that tbon clopest eijl, is contne to 
bent Chat eahab[tan beer, Utd forthy 
nntJUDg [ii] wTefch«d bnt whan thou 
irenest it : oi u>Ao Kith, Uuru Ihy-tHf, ru 
no teight 6ll^^ nia a uirwcAa, but whan he 

J leeneth htm-il/a tirrttehe by npHlacioiM of 
hti mraoe. And ayeiniTBrd, ftlla forttma 
is bliafal to a. roan by the agresbletee or 
by the cgalitee of him that snt&eth it 
Wb&t m&n ia that, that u ao welefhl, 

o that nolde chongeD hia estat ^han he 
hath lo« paoience? The swBtnoaM of 
■oiuiiia welefnlnesao ia Bpcsyned with 
many biternoues : the whieba welefnl- 
Dene, il-thongh it oeine aweto and joyTnl 

\f to hem that tssnlh it, yit may it nat beJi 
witb-boldan that it He gDtb away whan it 
wole. ThanneiiiCwelBODOihowwrecahed 
ia the bliafhlnegse of mortal thingea, that 
netther it dtirotb )ierpetasl witb b«m 

iu that eveiy foitane rocciTen Hgieablely or 
egoly. ne it delytalih cat in al to hem 
that ben angninona. O ye mortal foUi. 
what oelte ye thanne bliafhlneaao out of 
yonr-ulf, vhicho that ia pat in yoUT'self 7 

IS Errour oDd folya confonndeth yow. 

I abal ahews thea ahortely the poynt 
of ttrvtmynt blitfoliieuee. Is ther any- 
thing mora preoioiu to thee than thy- 
aelf?Tboawr.Uaiu™ero. "nay." Thanne, 

p yif it so b« that thaa art mighty orer 
thy-aelf. tkat U to ocyn, fty traiupitUiUe of 
thji fmde, than hajit then thing in thy 
powor that thoa noldcst never leaeu. nc 
PortDDB He may nat beasme it theu. 

a And that than mayat knniro that bliiftil- 
none ne may cat ttanden in thingoa that 
ben fortiuioua and temporel, now under- 
■loiide and goder it ti^gidore thus: Yif 
bLuMneaao bo the Bovereyn good of uatiuv 

Ed that Uvstb by reaoon, ne tbtlka thing uu 
nat ■overeyn f;ood that may be taken 
•way in any wy»e, (for more worthy 
thing and more digne li Ihilke thing that 
may cat ben taken aweyl ; than Hbewetb 

<5 it WEl, lliat the unitableneise of fortune 

lulue«M. And yic morv-otct i wbat man 

that Uiia toombling walofalnena Imtoth, 
either he wool that it ii cbsungeable, or 
ellea he woot it nat. And yif be woot 
it cat, what blisfnl fortune may Iher ba 
in the bUndneage of ignoraneef And yif 
he woot that it ia channgeable, ba moot 
alwey ben adrod that bo ce leaa that 
ibing that be ne danbteth nat but that 
he may leaen it ; at idho teiih, hi mot ben 
oJiMv agait, lot he lae that he wot vxl he 
■may Uti it. For which, the coDtinael 
draed that he hath ne snifretb him nat, 
to ben welefnL Or yif be leae it, be 
wenetb to be dispyved and forlet^n. 
Certea eok. that ia a fnl lit«l good that 
ia bom with evene herte whan it is toet ; 
that it to aeyn, that men do ho mortf Jb^t ef 
Ok LuE Oian of the Itaviage. And for aa 
mocibe OS thon tby^flelf art he, to whom it 
hath ben showed and proved by l\il 

thnt the aowles of men ne mowe nat 
deyen iu do vry»e; nod eck sin it it deer 
and certein, that fortuDonS welef^hlelie 
endeth by the deeth of the body ; it may 
nat ben douted that, yif that deetb may 
take awey bliifUneose, that alio the kinds 
of mortal thinges ne desoendeth in-to 
WTooohedneaae by the ende of the death. 
And (in we knowen wel, that many a 
man hath nmeht the fruit of bliaMueaM 
nat onJy with mdl-inge of dootb, but eek 
with snffringo of peynos and tormentaa ; 
how mighte than tbia present lyf makao 
men blisful, sin that, whan thilka selve 
Ij-f is ended, it no moketh folk no 

Uetu it, Quitqvit uoM peremtem. 

What maner man, atable and war, that 
wule founden him a perdurable nets, and 
ne wolo nat ben coat down with the loads 
blaatea of the wind Euma ; and wole 
deapyaa the sea, manaainge witJi flode* ; 
lat biro eacheweu to bildo on tbs cop 
ofthemoontaigueorinthe moista aaodei. 
Fur the felle wind Auster tormanteth the 
cop of the moDntaJgna witb all bia 
atrengtbea ; and tbs lauae aasdes nAiMa 
to bensn tbs bevy wigbts. And forlhr. 

IjEoefQittS. ilTeftft n : Ipwst v. 


it ihva well fletn Uia p«rilutu BTentore, 
i»o( u fo »iTn, ti/Ue loorlil. ; hava minde 
'trtiiclj' CO GnchsD thya hons if ft mei^e 

i; litfl in ■ lowo (toon. Fur (J-Uumgh the 
wind, troablinc the lee, thondre with 
ovar^hiviriziKM, thou Cbat art pat in 
qnista, mid welefol b^ strengthe of thy 
ftlit, tbtlt IsdcB • cUer age, aoomiueo 

M iha wDodiuaMa sad the 'mm of the cfi, 

Pkms V. £«( fuin raKoitHin lam In It. 

Bal for ta moche u the uoriuhingea 
tltof namuu desceDdeu now in-to thee, 
r tfww it vera tyme to lusu a lilel 
Mnnger ntdicj'iiMi Now undeiBtond 
5 ImWi ■! *«rs it BO tbftt the yiitca of 
Partana n* vsn nat bmtel Da traniiiiaris, 
«lak i« tJur in bam that nu^ bo tbyu 
fat MV (finai, or ellaa that it nis foul, yif 
that it baoouidend and loked perfitly? 

tt Uduana, b«D the; preciau* by tbo nature 
rf tMOMelf. OF allei by the lutani of 
IhM T What is moat vorth of richeves J 
It U Ml cold or might of moneye 
■■amUtxl? Cartes, thilke Enid aud 

ij tUlka maaeye ahj-uetb and yevelh bel<re 

to tluike rolk thai ciokaren it ; for arar- 
ie* ni*k*th alweymokererutoben hated, 
•Lt.d laicoua makith folk olaer of ronoon. 
!-.t tin tiwt iwich thing at it tranaferroil 
' am o man to aaother na may nat 
. ■cUon *ith no man ; ccrtea, thanite is 
'iiilka aion«ya pncioua vbaa it istrann- 
lit«d Into other folk mi itenteth to ben 
■^ had, by usage of laige yeTisge o/ hiia 
tidl hath fmm ft. And alao : yil' that al 

■ere gadand toward o man, it ahulds 
nuakan alia other men to ben n^y *a of 

nibM. And eertM a voyg kI bool, (Aa( 
ii ta itf^ vMh-<nil» tmtratiinef, folfilleth 
khfMcM tlw hering of mooho folk ; but 
raii— . yoQi^ richessca na mowen nat 
InatB ta-lo moche folke witb-onte anwn- 

9 Mliiita And whan they boo apuaed, 
aadca ibay maken hem pore that for-gon 
Iba richcML O ! atraite and oady dejie 
t tkia tlchcsM, sin that many folk no 
^K/ ■■> ban It al, as al may it nat 

comBn to man wilh-outcn poverl«e of i|o 
alia other fulk t Aud the shyninee of 
gBnunea, Wat / clejM prrcioMt ilona, 
draweth it nut the eyon <.f folk to hem. 
ward. lAaf it to ieyn,/irrau beatiteel But 
cartes, yif thar ware beantee or boostee 45 
in tba ihyningo of stones, thilke claer- 
ucasa is of the Btonoa hom-salf, and nat 
of mea ; for whiohe I wondre gietly that 
men mervailen on awicho thingea. For- 
why, what thing ii it, that yif it wanteth 50 
nnoiingond Joyntore of lowle and body, 
that by right mighte Sfmcn a fair oraii- 
tnte to bim that hath a aowlo of i««nn ? 
For al be it so that gammes drawcn to 
bem-Bolf a Ltd of the laste beantee of the ^ 
world, through the entente of hir orea tour 
and through lbs distiQccionn of hem-aelt ; 
ytt, for as mochel as thi>y ben pnt under 
yoore BXcellence, theyne han uat deaerved 
by no wey that ye aliolden mervailen on fa 
ham. And the beantee of feidea,da]yteth 
ilnat modiel tiu-tofowr 

Aieo. ' Why ebolde it nat delyteu us, 
ain that it is a right fair porcionn of the 
right Cure werke, that U la acm, of tkU 6s 
lourldF And right so ben we gladed som- 
tyma of the face of the aaa whan it ii 
deer; and alao mervailen we on the 
hevene aod on the ateirei, and on the 
■oune and on the mono-' 10 

Phitotophye. ' Apertonelh,' qnod site. 
■any of tliilke thingw to thee? Why 
darst tbon glorifyon thoe in the shyningo 
of any awitbe thingee? Art thon dis- 
' ingwod and embdiaed liy the apringingc 75 
flminia of the first sooier aesunn, or 
swdletb thy plentee in the fmilea of 
Bomer? Why art thoQ raviuhed with 
ydcljoyai? W'by oiobracait thou ftraunge 
goodce as tbcy weron tbyna 7 Fortone ue fti 
ahal never maken that swiohe Ihingea 
beu thyne, that nature of Ihingea hath 
makett foreine fro thou Sooth ia Uiat, 
witb-onten douta, the frutea of the eitlia 
owen to ban lo the noriaiiaga of lieatea. 8j 
And yif thou wolt riilSlls thy ncde Kflcr 
that it luBywtb to natoro, than is it no 
neda that thou aeka after tba lupeifLuiiee 
of fortune. For with fill fen thlngi 
and "ith tnl litel Uiingu oatur* baji bll 90 


t48 {£f«tt9{u«. (|Foo2 It 1 |]?r«oe V. 


Bpnyed; and j-tf thmi woH aclioken tba 
f ill HI ling o ot cntiiTO With Enpeifialteas, 
Gsrtei, thiiko thinget that thou volt 
threatsQ or pcmrea in-to aatare abnllon 
ben nnjoyflil to thee, or ellea uioyCFiii. 
Weneet tlura eek that It be a bir tMitg 
to ahjns with dyyerfa clothinge? Of 
whiche clotbinge yit tli« beantee be 
■greeabia to laken np-on, I wo! memulen 
DD tbe DKtnra of tlie raat«n> of tiuike 
clothae, or olloa on tha worknuia tliat 
wiOQghta bam. Bnt hJao a long route of 
moyneo, roatoUi that » bliafnl man ? Tho 
■ - ■ yif they ben ricious of 

B great charge and a 


> the 

L7I0 the lord him-vclf. And^ifthej 
ben goodo men, how ahal strann^ or 
foreine goodneHBebfia pnt in tha nonmbre 

110 of thy richease? So that, by all tbeso 
romide tbingeg, it ia dearly y-aheired, 
that never oon of thiiko thingcs that 
than aDoonteiloat for thyne gixide)i naa 
nab thy good. In tha whioho thingca, 

IIS yif ther be no baantoe to ben dosyn?d, 
why iholdest tboa ben aoiy yif then loaa 
hfun, or why aholdei^ then T^'oyagn ibea 
to balden hem? For yif they ben faira 
of hirowne kinde, what apert«Deth that 

IM to thoa P For al lo wel iboldan they han 
ben faire by ham-aetve, though thaj waren 
departed iram alio thyne riohaBse^ For- 
■ - ■ ™^n tbey nat, 

(or til 



bat. for they vemeden (aire and preciooo, 
ther-foT thntt bnddeit terer rekne hem 
amonges thy rioheasM. Bnt what de- 
airest tboa of Fortune with so grete a 
Boisa, and with so grate a fare t I trowe 
tbou Mka to drrve away nedo with ba- 
bnndaaneo of tbisgea ; bat certas, it 
tomelh to yon al in tho contraria. 
Porwhy certBB, it nedeth of thl manyo 
belptngB) lo kopen tha diTerBitee of 
precious oatelmeDts. And oootb it is, 
(hat of mnnye thinges han they node 
that manyo tbiugeahan ; and ayelnward, 
1I nodeth ham that meforon hir fiUe 
after tba node of kinds, and cat aflw 
the outrage of coveityae. Ia it thanoo an, 
that ye men na han no proper Bond 

y-sat in yon, for which ye moten sekan 
outward youro goodes In foieins and 
mbgit thingea ? So ii tbanne tha con- 
dieionn of UungoB tomed nji-so-down, 
that a man, that is a detyne beaat by 
merits of hia raaoun, thinketb that him- 
Hlf nia neither faira Da noble, bnt-yif 
it be thorogh poHBeaatonn of oatfJmant^ 
that ne ban no Bowles. And oertei, al 
other thingea ben apayed of hir owdo 
beaatee ; bat ye meo, that ben aemblabla 
to god by joor rasonnble tboaght, deiiren 
to aparaibm your oxcoUeDt kinde of tbe 
lowait thinges ; ne ye onderBtonden uat 
how gtBBt a wrong ye doo to your 
crealOQT. For he wolde that mankindo 
wcm moet worthy and noble of any othro 
ertbcdy tbiftgefl ; and ya threate adoon 
your dignitaeabraietbethelowat thinges. 
For yif that al the good of every thinge 
be mare procions than ii thilks thing 
whod that the good iB ; ain jo daman 
that the fouleato thingas ban youre 
goodeB, tbanne mbmitten yo and patten 
yonr-Belven under tho fonleata Uiingea 
by yoor eBtimaoioon; and oertsB, this 
tydeth nat with-oute youre deacrtea. For 
cartea, avriohe ii tho condicioon of alio 
mankinde, that only whan it hath know- 
inge of it-selve, than pasaeth it In 
Dobleaae alia othar thinges ; and whan 
!t fiirleteth tho knowings of it-self, than 
ia it brought binethsn alls beeit«a. Fur- 
why al other livings beestiea han of Idode 
to knowe nat hem-self ; bnt whan that 
men Jeten the knowings of hemsalf, it 
oometh hem of vieo. But bow biode 
aheweth the errour and the Iblye of yow 
man, that wenen that any thing may 
ben aparailed with atraonge apnrailo- 
meats I Bat for sothe that may nat ben 
doon. For yif a wight Bhynstb with 
thingM that ben put to him, 04 tAu$, if 
IhUla tXinget lAtrnm ailh mhtch a man U 
npaniled, oertea, thilke thingefl ben 
comended and preywd with whivh he is 
aparailed ; bat uatheles, the thing that 
is covered and wrapped under that 
dwelleth in bia filtlia. And I denye 
that thilke thing be gnnd that anoyeth 
him that hath ib Oabbe I of this? 

tgMtHwL (geol n : fpnat vl 


1 wolt wye " Ha;." Ceitea, ricbessei 
■aoyed tal ofU hum that ban tha 
ia that eveiy arikked ahroiris, 
. for hia wikkadiieUD the moTS gredy 
t oUiOr folkM liiiliiann. trher-ao eror 
t is any placa, ba it edd or preciom 
«a), wsoelh him oaty moat worthy 

dradaat tiov the nwerd and now the 
«^ yit than baddeat sntred in the 
■ of Ibialyf a Toids wayferinge man, 
1 woldsat UiDu singe befimi the theef ; 
ska ttUlt, a port man, Ikot berth no 
Bitf ON htm bu the uwiif, may boldel]/ 
I bifi/rn thtva, JOr A* hath tut hAw*;/ 
O precioni &nd right oleer 

D bait Keten it 

ICatBi V. VAbc RJmJum jirior cbM. 
BUafol wai the firat age of men 1 They 
kaUan bam apayed with the metea that 
Ite tnwa f^daa broochten forth. They 
Be lUltMiyede nor deoeivede nat hem-eelf 
5 with oatnca. They weren wont ligbtly 
Is daJteft hlr hongei at even with a^ornea 
«f oIlMi ^ay ne coado nat medty the 
rUta of Bacbni U> the cleer htmyi that 
4l (a Mint, UWv fondle moJcB na pfmoit mt 

a 1 1 liii I »i . ca they coado cat medle the 
hficliM flatapa of the Mintree of Seriena 
witfa tba TOiim of Tyria \ Ait U to Him, 
OMv enuli not doyni icHiffa .(teeMi nfSerim 
tfotrm atth tht biDde c/ a miner M*</lMAa 

'.1 tJM mtaflndm in Tyne, iriCA XJJkicJM bIwMl 
•BM d«im purpur. Thsy alepea booUora 
aliiii* ap-on tha gna, and dronken of tha 
nBJkliDf* watArta; and layen undar tha 
ahailwaa of Uu luiye pyD-tre«B. He no 

«i bh( &a atiBasgen oa earf yit ths beys 
■« wUli on* Oft with ahippea ; ue they 
■la hwMe aaya yit none dbwo atrandea, 

10 Mao marohaiuidyae iu-to dyyarae 
-iiatnMt. Tho werao the omel olarioiuu 
la.1 hw» <nd taX itilla, ne blood y-ahad 
i'jr act« hata na hadde nat dsyed yit 
annar^ tW wber-lo oi which wood- 

11 ■ail iifirnniji wohle lint moeran ances, 
whan ibej aayan onul wonndaa^ na none 

medee be of blood y-abadT I wolda ]□ 
thnl onre tymea aholde tome ayun to 
the olde TDBnerea ! But 
love of hayinge brencflth in folk n 
ornely than the fyr of the monntaigna 
Etlma, that ay brcnmth. Alias ! what 35 
wu ho that first dalf np the gobetei or 
the WBight« of ^Id covojod onder erthja, 
and the preaions ntoDU that wolden ban 
ben bid V Be dotf np piecions perila. 
That U to MjiH, tlutt he that hem firt tip 4a 
daV, he dalf ttp a prtcioiu pdl; for-ichy 
/or the prectounMM b/ naidie Oiiiige, hath 
many man ben in periL 

FaoiE VL ^uM autm de dignVaHbut 

But what ahol t aeya of digniteea and 
of powerg, the whloho ye men, thiit 
neither knowen vemy digmtea ne venay 
power, areynen ham ai beye aa tho 
hevane ? The whichs digniteea and j 
powen, yif tbey oomen to ai^ wikksd 
Duui, thay don aa grate damagea and 
deatmcoioiina aa doth tha flanmbe of the 
nunLDUigne Etbna, whan the flaombe 
walwoth np i na no dolngo no doth ao la 
creel barmea. Certes, Ihae remembnth 
wf !, u 1 tiowa, that thilha dignitee that 
mon clepen the imperia of oonaoJaiai the 
whiche that wbylom waa biginuinga of 
fredom, yottre eldraa coveiteden to baa ij 
don away that dignitee, for the ptrde of 
tha conanlen: And right for the aame 
pryda yoor eldrel, bifom that tyme, 
badden don awey, orot of the cites of 
Borne, the kingea name; that i» to aetf"> n 
they noM* kon no Unger no king. Bat now, 
yif BO be that digniteea and powen be 
yeren to goods men, tho wbicbe thing 
ia fal aelde, what agreable thing ia ther 
in tbo digniteea or powen bnl only tha 15 
goodneaie of folkea that nam bera ? And 
theriur it ia thna, that bonoor ne oomth 
nat to rerta tor unia of dignitea, bat 
ayeinwnrd hoDOur oamtb to dignlte* liiT 
caoM of varta. Bnt wblobe U thilke jo 
yonra dereworthe power, that la an deer 
and ao re^faaraUsF O ye ecthellnbe 
bataa, aanildBrs ye nat over wbtoh 
thinga that it aameth tliat ye han puwoc t 


gBett^tuB. (g«o«n: gjreae vi. 

g<: Stm yifthon utye n uons amongaa other 
m^, that clialamiEed lo bim-ieir-wkrd 

ri^lit and power over alle olhcr tujri, 
how greet aaaru woldeBt tbon ban of it ! 
Olooa. Sofartihitbtmen; lie body haflt 

4" pawn- DMT Iht biidir. For jit Uioa loke 
wel ap-on tbo bodj of a iriEht, what 
thins >ha]t thoB finds more frealstban ia 
mankinds ; the irbiche meo v«l ofts ban 
sla^ -with bytiuf^ of smala flyM, or ellea 

45 with the entrinEe of orapings wannai 
in-Cfl the privetoea of mannej body ? But 
nhcr ihal mao finden any man that may 
ciBTcen or haantea any right up-on 
■□other man, but only ap-on bis bocly, 

5D or alles ap-on th'asgea that ben lovera 
than the body, the tthiche I clspe foi- 
tanoOB pcMBeittrioiuia 1 Uayst thoa ever 
have any oomaundenaent ovor a free 
cora^ 9 Haynt tbon romnen fro the eatat 

fi of hia propre reite a thongbt that ia 
idyvinge lo-f^dere in him-Belf by itede- 
fait maai]? At whylom t, tpitnnl 
weodo to eonfonnile a tree man of cora^, 
and wonde toconWreyne him by torment, 

■So to maken him diacoTeren and ecnaen folk 
that wiaton of a coniuracionn, Khieh I 
eltpt a ixn/tdenuie, that was cast ayeini 
thia lyrannt ; but this tr^a man boot of 
Ilia owne tonge and cast« it in tho tisaga 

A5 of thilka wode tyraimt ; ao that the tor- 
ments that this tyrannt wonde to htui 
inaked nalere of orneltM, thia wyse man 
■naked it matcre of vertn. 
BnC what tiling is it that a man may 

70 don to another man, that he ne may 
reeeyven the same tiling of othro folk 
in hlm-self : or thut, what ma^ a -auxn don 
la. folk. Ihai /oik ne may don Mm On tame t 
I have herd told of Bnsirideg, that was 

7J \nint tosleen his gestes that berberwedi'ti 
in his bona; and be was aleyn him-eclf 
or Eccnles that teas bis gelt. Bogulni 
hadde taken in bat&ile many men of 
-Affrike and cast hem in-to fetanH ; but 

Bo nm* after be matte yeve hi* handes to 
ben boande with the cbeynu of hem that 
he hadda whylom OTeroomen. Weneat 

ktbon thanne that he be mighty, tliat 
bath no power to don a thing, that othre 
ne may don in Uim that he doth in othra t 

And yit more-over, yif it so were tliat 
thiie dignitees or powerta hadden any 
propre or natnial goodneeae in hem-aelf, 
never nolden they oomen 10 «hrewea. 
For coDtrariooB Ibingee ne ben nat wont 
to ben y-felawshlped to-gidens. Xatni« 
rofaseth that oontrarions thinges ben 
y-joigned. And », as I am in oertein 
that right wlkked folk ban digniteea ofte 
tynie, than sbeweUi it wel that digniteea 
and powen ne ben nat goodo of hit owne 
kinde ; sin that they saffren bem-selftn 
Eleven or joinon hem to ibrewos. And 
certes, tbe same thing may I most 
dignolicbe jogen and ea3m of alle the 
yilles of fortaue that moat plentevonily 
eomea to ahrewes ; of the wbiohe yiftei. 
I trowe that it onghte ben oonsideied, 
that no man dnntath that ha nis itroDg 
in whom he seelh itrengtbe ; and in 
whom that twiftnesia is, sooth it Is that 
he is swiit. Also mosiko makath mn- 
BicienB, uid phiaike mokath phiiiduit. 

and retborike rethoriens. For-wby the 
nature of every thing maketh bis pro- 
pretee, no it is nat entremedled with tbs 
effeots of the ooutrarions thinges ; and, 
ssof wil, it ohaseth out thinges that ben 
to it oontrarie. But certes, richease may 
not restreyne avarioe nnstannohed ; ne 
power ne maketh nat a man migbiy 
over him-self, whicbe that victona lustea 
balden dostreyned with cbcyuei that no 
mowea nat be nnboanden. And digni- 
teos that ben yeven to shrewede folk nat 
only ne maknlh hem nat digne, but it 
ebewoth rather al openly that they ben 
nnworthy and Trndigne. And why is it 
tbos? Certos. for ye ban joyo to oiepen 
false namea that baron hem 

ben ful oite reproev^ by tha edfaote of 
the same thingei; ao that tblse like 
richesies ne onghten nat by right to ben 
deped ricbesaaa ; be awioh power ne 
onghte nat ben oleped power ; ne cwiob 
dignitee ne onghte nat ben oleped dig- 
nitee. And at tbs Iwte, I mv con- 
clnda the same thing of alia tha ytAaa 
of FortoDO, In which tber nia nothing 
to ben desired, ne that hath in him-aelf 

(goefOiu*. (gwi n -. gjroM vn. 


MKml bonntM, aa it i« fnl vtl fame. 

W<m ncdthar tliey na Joigix«n bem nnt 

■lw«r to eo«^ »imt la mnkeii liem 

primix Bo«]« to whom thai they ban 


u dederit 

Wa han wel knowen how nuuijr grate 
tamai and daatTnaeioODa warsn don by 
n> naftror Ktro. Be Ie«t brama the 
dtaa of B<naa, and made aleen the 
MaUana. Anil ha, cruel, whf lam alow 
bit brotbar; and ho waa maked tnout 
«ilh Uie blood of his modsr ; that la to 
lu Utt lien and tlitUn ike body of 
Oder, to Km icher he icat conraiwd ; 
ht loked on every halve np-on her 
•lade body, ne no tere do wstto hu 
1. bat <k« mat $a Itard-kirted that he 
domea-man or Jugs of hir 
And natheloe, yit govern- 
tli\M Ken li; captre alJe the poeplH 
Phabu the aonne may aeon, com- 
fraoi hia oatareite arytlnge til ho 
Ui bemM nnder the wawea ; that 
It (« aaira, W govtmed aOe the potpla bt/ 
pcrlol that the khhu goth abovtf, 
(e wett And eek thU Xrro 
ty eeptrc atle the poeplea that 
Ban vuier tbe ooble itfiirea that biBhtec 
"aapla pi trionea": thUitlOiesn.hegoetr- 
-/ nirff aO* OU tXKfUt that bni iind«r UU 
partjf nfOin Korth. And aok Xero sovtnad 
an* Um poaplea that tbe violent wind 
NoUina ■cnrklcth, and baketh the brca- 
eJs( aandM by hij drya bote ; that ii to 
o arm, aUa IV poepUt tn the tovlh. Bat yit 
Be itJchl* SM al bis hye power toma tho 
woodaeoe oT tbia wikked Xero. Allaa '. 
il ia a grannu fortnna, ai ofle as wiUed 
awanl ia joisned to itrnel vecini ; that it 
V to «*«•■■ voriHOM miellec Co JonliUpjw, ' 

Pan«> Til, Tun tgo, teii, inqttam. 
Tha»Ba nyda t thoi : ' Thou wo*t wel 
Ihr-miJ that the ooveitUe ol moHal 
tUncw B* badde naver lordahipe of me ; 
tml I haiv wal dealrad malero of Ibiii«« 
t ts deoa, « kKo k(iA, / dittrt to han 

mattre nf govtmaum 
lor vertn, atilla, ne iholde u 
thai it lo uyti, that [Aim] lute 11 
icex olde, hi! vertM, thai lay kdw^I etillt. 
ne tliotJd Hat perUthe uiMMi-elMd fa ffooerH- 
t\f amune ; for mhieh man rnlpUni 
I ur uirylen ttf hU goodt gavenie- 

PhUoK^hyt. • For aothe.' quod the, 
'and that ia a thing that may dnwaii 
to Bovemannco swicho hectea ai ban 
worthy and noblo of hir CBtnro ; bnl 
nathelea, it may nat drawen or (oUen 
iwiche hertas ae Iwn y-brooghl to tho 
fullo pertscoionn of varta, that U to leyn, 
ooveitise ol gloria and renoun to him wal 
adminittred the comnno thingea or don 
gode desettes to profit of the ntmune. 
For see now and conaidere, how litel And 
how voida of atle prya U thilke glorie. 
Cartein thing ia, aa thoa haat lemed fay 
the domonatracionn of aatronomye, that 
al the environinge of the frthe abonte 
US halt DAt bnt the reumn of a prikko 
at regard of tho greelneaie of hevene ; 
that ii to leyn, that yif ther were roaked 
compariaouo of tbe erthe to the graot- 
nene of hevena, man wolden jagen in al, 
that the erthe no halde DO tpace. Of the 
whicba litel regionn of tbia worlde, the 
ferthg partye ia cnhabited with liTingo 
beetea that we knowen, aa thoa tbyaeb' 
halt y-lerned by Tholomee that proveth 
it. And yif thoa baddtat with-drawen 
and abated in thy thought fro thilke < 
ferthe partye aa mocbe apace at tbe no 
and the marey* oontanon and ovar-goon, 
and aa moohe apace aa the regionn of 
droughto ovor-atrecchath, that it to teyn, 
Hndei and datrtet, wel nnnetho iholde ' 
ther dwallon a right itreit place to tfaa 
hahitaoioan of men. And y» thiuine, 
that ben enTiroued and oloaad with-ln 
tbe leete prikke of thilke prikke, thlnhen 
ye to manifeaten your renoun and don i 
yonro name to ben bom forth T But 
your gloria, that ia ao narwe and M 
atroite y-throngan in-to ao litel boondaa, 
how moohal ooveiteth it in limiiMii anil 
in greet doinge ? And alao eetta tbia J 
ther»-(o ; that many a oacioun, dyrene 


q0otf((iu«. Q^eeft n: $roee vn. 

of tonge Aod of manerefl &ad eoV of 
reSOTin of hir liringe, ben eoliahited in 
the cloa dT thilke Utol babitacle ; to the 
611 vhiobe aacioaiu, what fat dlfficnltee of 
wafM Bud wha,t for dfveniMe of laa- 
gagM, knd wliAt for debnte af tunuage 
and eDtTBOomimlii^ of marclisiindiifl, 
nat 0DI7 tba names of ■iBgalei men ca 

6} may oat ctreccLen, but eek the iame of 
oicoea ne aihy cat streccheo. At ths 
laate, certes, in the tyme of Marcus 
Tnlliiis, as him-aelf writ in hia book, tiiat 
tlia renoaa of the comuno of BaniB ne 

;o bodda nat fit isaaed ns olonmbeD ovei 
tba monntajgiia that tughta Caaeams ; 
and Tit. waa, thilka tyma, Boma wel 
waxen and greet]; redaatad of the Faitbea 
and eek of other folk acbabitiDge alioiite. 

75 Seeatow nat thanne bow atreit and how 
BompTOiaed ia thilka glarie that ya trav- 
ulen abonta to ahewe and to molttplye ? 
Hay thanne the gloria of a singolor 
Bonuune ■trecohen ttiider as the fame 

So of ttia nama of Boma ma; nat climbait 
ne paaien 7 And eek, aeoHtow cat that 
the nuuieres of dyverae folk and eak bir 
lawea bun diacordannt among hem-«e[f ; 
■a that thilke thing that sommen jngen 

85 worthy of preysinge, other folk jngan 
thatitiswonby of tarmeut? And ther- 
of oomth it that, tliongb a man dolyte 
him in proyaingo of hia renonn, be may 
cat in DO wyss bringen forth us Bpreden 

r)o hia name to many maner poeplea. There- 
for evny man ooghta to ben apHyed of 
hia glorie that la pabliisbed among hia 
Dwne neigbbonra ; and thilke coble re- 
noon ahol ben nstieyned within tba 

95 bonndes of o manera folke. Bnt how 
man; a man, that waa ful noble in hia 
tyme, hath the wrecched and nedy 
focyetinge of Wlyteres pat oat of minde 
and don awey 1 Al bo it so that, cmtes, 
too thilka wiytingaaprofitflclitol; thowhiche 
wiytingea locg and derk aide doth away, 
bathe hem acd eek hir antoora. Bnt ye 
men wmBn to geten yow a pardnrabletee, 
wban ye thenken that, in tyma to- 
loj Dominga, your fame ahal laaten, Bat 
cathalee, yif thou wolt maken oompori- 
Boon to tho audelea ipaaea of atemitos, 

what thing boat thoa by wbioha thou 
mayat r^'oyaeu thee of long lastlnge of 
thy name? For yif ther ware maikad 
if tho abydinga of a moment 
thonaand winter, for aa mochel as 
bothe tha Bpaces ban ended, yit hath the 
moment Bom poroioon of it, al-thongh it 
litelbe. Bat natheles, thilksaBlTenoom- 
bra of jercB, and eok aa many yeres as 
ther-to may bo mnltiplyod, no may oal, 
certaB, ben oomporisoacd to the perdsra'- 
bletee that is endetos 1 far of thinges that 
ban ende may ba maked umipariBonn, 
bnt of thlcgea that ban with-onten ecde, 
to thingaa that ban enda, may be moked 
CO oomparisoon. And forthy ia it that, 
ol-thoogh renoon, of aa long tyme aa ever 
thee list M thinken, were tbonght to tba 
regard of etamitae, that ia nnatannoliable 
and inflnit, it ne aholde nat only semen 
litel, bat pleynlicbe right caoght. Bat 
ye men, cert«B, na conce don nothing 
B-right, bat-yif it bo for tho andienca 
of pueple and for ydal mmoora; and 
ya fomken the grata worthineiae of 
conscience and of verta, and ya seken 
yoar guerdonns of the smalo wordes of 
gtraonga folk. Have now heer acd 
nnderstonde. In the lightnasaa of swioh 
pryde acd vaine glorie, bow a man 
Bcomede festivaly and mertly gwich vani- 
tee. Whylom tber was a man that 
hodde assayed with stryvinga wordea 
another man, the whiche, nat for oaage 
of varray verto bot for pnrad veins 
gloria, had taken op-on him falsly tho 
noma of a philoaophra. This nther man 
thai /(poJ: i^thonghte he wolde assaye, 
wher ho, thilke, wera a philotophre or 
no ; that is to aeyn, yif that he wolda 
ban safired lightly in paoienoe tha 
wrongea that woren don on-to him. This 
feyceda plulosophre took pacienca a litel 
whylo, and, whan ho hadda raoaived 
wordaa of ontraga, be, aa in stiyvinge 
ayain and rejoy^inga of him-ielf, sayda 
at tha laata right thus: " undaratondest 
than nat thatlamapbilDaopbraT" That 
other man anawetda ayeln fal bytlngly, 
and seyda: " I hadda wel nndantondan 
it, yif then baddast hotden thy ttmga 

(Jfe<t(tu0. ^wl n : (pxwe vzn. 


I«lUU." But wltftt Is it to thiae nolile 
ibwenhytnan (for, rertts, of r*ieha fblkc 
•ptko 1} Ihkt cckeu glorie With Tsrlu? 
I What U it ? ' qnod she ; ' yrbM atteynclh 
<»ni to (visha toJk, wb&n tha body ii 
r-iol*»d % the deeth at ths lusto? For 
. if it ■» bo tliat men djva in nl, thai 
•t to tfyn, bodj/ and tncle, Uis vhiche 

iioitkf onr rMoan defeiidDtb tu to Idleveix, 
Auma is ther no glorie in no wyio. ror 
Wkof rinlila (Mtte plorf: ben, vhim he, 
m if whom lliillie glorie is eeyd to be, nls 
I ricbt DKoitfat in no irj»7 And yif the 
Hr*l«, whicbe thai balh in it-self icisnre 
t (aoda wrakca, imbinuiden fro the 
r riwm of the erthe, vandeth triiy Ut the 
riFTane. daap^wth it nst thanno alle 
.rtheljr aopnpaeioan ; and, bein^ in 
liiFvme. r^jay»th that It il eienipt fro 
vll* vrthBtj thinswi ? Ai ipAu tfUli, tAcmne 

Whi>4o UiAi, vith OTBTlkr^winge 
iboocht, onl]' Mketh glorie of fame, 
aad iivneth thiit it be fovcreyn ff>ad -- 
Ut him Lukes ap4n the brodo thewinge 
} (uuuuM of harene, and np-on the itreitc 
aitv of thia erthe; and he ahal ben 

auy Bat l\ilmie the lilt) tampas 0/ tht 
rrOt, I what coveiten prondo folic to 

''1 Uftsn nj> bir Dehka in jdet in the dedly 
fok of IkU tforldr? For Bl-thongh that 
n«Diiny-«ptad.paaainee to feme poeples, 
[nth \if dyvn*« tongm ; and al-thongh 
-Mat fnte hooaaa or kinredetf ehynen 
'>iih cttiretitisatifbonoan; yit. nathulM. 
. wih dcapj-aath alia he^e Elorie of fame : 
.ud daeiii wrappath to-gldera the beye 
!,jr^At» and the lowe, and maketh e^iil 
aail cvene the haj'este tu the lovene. 

" WtuT nvnan now the bones of trewe 
r»tiri«lwr What li DOW Bmtai, or 
•tiara* Oaloan t Tha thinne Ikme, yit 
[•itlega. of hlr jdal names, la marked 
-:fh a fcwc leKm; hut al-thoogh that 
'It ban knowan tha falro wordea of the 

fames of hem, it in nat yevan to knowe 
hem that ben dcde and eonruaple. lae- 
geth thanne atiUe, b1 ontrelj' nnknow- 
able ; ne fame ne cmkoth yow nat Itnowe. 
And yif ye wene to liven the longer for jq 
winde of your mortal namfl, whan o 
omel day elial rarisBhe yov, thanne la 
the aeoonde deeth dwellinge nit-Io ;ow.' 
Oloae. 77m /Irgl dMlb lit eltpelh heer the 
dtparilnge nf ihs hod)) atiS. \M Mietr ,- anH ^t^ 
Qa Hcania deelh he dtpeth, ai hetr, the 
illnHtiBe o/lhi renoun affaine. 

PaoaK VIII. Stt tu ne inawabiU roMni 
^ Bnt for B9 mochel aa thon ahaJt nat 
wonen,' qnod aho, "that t here untretablo 
balaile ayaina fortnne, yit aom-tyme St 
bi&Ueth that the, daceymble, deserreth 
to ban right good thank of men ; and f, 
that ia, whan she hir-aetf opnetb, and 
vhkn ihe [lMC(iver«th hir At>iiiit, and 
gheireth hir manere*. Peraventnre yit 
□ndervtondeet than nat that I abal aeye. 
It la a iFonder that I deairo to telle, and m 
forthy nnnethe may I unplayteii my 
flontanco with wordes; for I dame that 
contnrlnni Fortnne proflteth more to 
men than Fortune debonaire. Par nl- 
wey, whan FortuDo semeth debanairs, i; 
than ahe lyeth fUaly in blhatinga tha 
hops of wolefulncsae ; bnt foraoth* oon- 
trarioiuFDrliine ia alwey aootbfMl, whan 
ahe aheweth bir-aelf unatabla thortith 
hir ohaunginge. The amiable Fortona la 
deoeyveth folk ; the oontmrie Fortnne 
techeth. The amiabla Fortnua bindeth 
with tbe beanloo of blaa goodea tbo 
Lortaa of folk that naan hem ; the COD- 
Irarle Fortnne nnbindeth hem by tbo ij 
knowinge of freete welffnlneaae. The 
amiable Fortnne mayat tbon aeon alwiy 
t windy and flowiage, and aver mi*- 
knowiugo of hlr-aolf ; the eontiarle For- 
tune is atempro and reatreynad. and vra jo 
thoragh axaioisa of hir adveraitee. At 
tha laatu, amiable Fortnoe with hir 
flataringea drawath miiwitndriage men 
fro Ibe aoverpyne g*>>l : the iwni mtLmia 
Fortnna ledelh oft* folk ayeln to aonih- v> 


ceulStua. tgoti n: QtldK vm. 

Cut gnodea, and liolech liem aysiii lu 
with no hooko. Weneit thou IhamiB 
Ihat tbon oughtcBt to leten ihii a litol 
thlsj, tlist Lliii Mpre and horrible 
40 Ftortmia hath diBCOvared to tliee the 
thimKht« of th7 traira rrcoadcs; For- 
whr this ilka FDrtane faath departad 
and tiiicover«l to tliee bothe the cortaiu 

rviaages and eeX the dodtooa visagaa of 
thy felawei. Wlian aha departad nwoy 
Jtd thee, she took awey hir ^aecdea, a3]d 
lulle thee thyna freandog. Now whan 
thou were richa and welefnl, as thea 
Semedo, with how uiochel woldeat thou 
50 han bought the liille knowing of this, 
ttiat it lo jq/n, the lamcinge of ihy vfrray 
yraend«at Vow ple^iie thee oat th&ruie 
' rlc^hcase y-lom, sin thou haat fonndan 
I DUMte precioDfl kinde of lichsuai, 
I SI t^t ia lo teya, thy Tamy freandai. 

Ubtu VIIX Quod nundiu ilabiU 


Ihat tha world with ilahlfl faith varleUi 

BCordabU ehannginges ; that the con- 

Irariun* quolitee of clementB boldea 

among bom-Belfaliaiuicepardnrablai that 
Fbebos the aoima with hia goldena chatiel 
hrin^Oi forth the rasane do^ ; that the 

I|[ght«i, which nighteH Hecpenu the ove- 

Btarre hath hronght ; that tha see, graed; 
lo flowoo, conatroyneth with a oartoin 
ODdeliiBO floiies, bo that it ia nat lerefhl 
Id Gtreccha bisa broda tarmei or boondoi 
Dp4n tha ertbea. that U la wpn, to coBert 
al the eriht : — al IMs aoordatuiDa ol 
thingea Is bouodoa with Love, that 
goreraeUi ertha aad see, and hath alan 
cummaontlemBDti to the herenei. And 
yif thia Love alakada the biydalea, allc 
tliiQges that now loven hem to-gederef 
woldoD maken a bataile continnel;, and 
■trj-TGD to fordoon the fiuoiiii of thii 
worlds, the whiche the; now laden ic 
aoorilahh) faith by fairs iiioeviiig«a, Thii 
Love halt lo-gideiea poeplei jaigned with 
an holy bund, and ksitlalh aacremanl 
of mariagea of cbaite lovel ; anil Lovi 
endyteth lawaa Ia trawe felawsa. O 
walefol wero maxUtinflc, yif ibilke liOTf 
that govemeth havens gnvemsd 3 


Faoai L lam canlum UlafinlemL 

Bi this she hadda ended hir Rong, 
whan the aweetneiBe of hir ditee hadde 
thomgh-parccd ma that woa deairoru of 
barkninga, and I aatoned hadda yit 

5 itreighte myn ores, that it lo irj/n, lo 
Am-Jlfu Ihi bet wbal thi Kolda leyt ; bo 
that a litel here-after I aeyde thoa : ' 
thou that art aovorayn comfort of on- 
gulasona comgea, so thon boat remounted 

■o und noriaihsd me with tha woiffhte of 
thy BoDtuicea and with delyt of thy 
Binginge ; lo that 1 trowa nat now thai 
I be uniiktigal lo the rlrokaa of Fortnna ; 
CUT tcko icilih, I dar vet nuo mijTVni nI Ihi 

15 lUtauUt s\f Fortiint, ami i»I ilrfinde iiK 

fro Mr. And tho remadisB whicha thai 
thon seydeat her-bifom weran righl 
ahorpsi nat only that I am nat b^risaii 
of ham now, but I, dedrooa of herloge, 
aiagretelytoherentharemediaa.' Than 
sayde aha thus ; 'That falade I fal wel.' 
quod aha, ' whan that thoa, entaatif awl 
atille, raviishedeat my wordaa; and 1 
abood til that thou baddeat awicb babitc 
of thy tbongbt aa thon hast now ; or elloi 
til that 1 my-Bslf hadda maked to thee 


which t 

vorray thing. And oertoa, tin remsnannl 
of tbingoa that ban yit to lays ben svriohe, 
thai flrat whan men toaten ham thayben 
bylingp, but wban they ben rec«yv<jd 
withinno a wight, than ben they awetOi 

^Hi^iiw. igooft ni: (ptoti n. 


Bit A<r thou mjM tiM. thon art. so 
tMlnoB t« hsTkna hsm, with hov gret 
B W«iuiice mtdeM Uiou gjcnren. Tiltbon 
«ilt<*l whjdsr I vol leden thee I ' 
' Wliiiler ia that f ' quod L 

' to thllke Temj welefalneua,' qnod 
ilia, -of whicIiB th^ h<irte ilremeth ; 
Bi iu( foi as moohe M tli; liEhto ia ocnpied 
tai ^iaUnbed by ■■"pg-" ■"■'""" afttihelu 
Ait^ttf UiAtt xnjkyit nat jit aocQ thiike 
irin mtsfalcMaa.' 'Do,' quod I, 'ami 
Aaw* m« what ia thilke vermy vcleful- 
UBMM, I praye thse, with-onte toryinee.' 
■Xbat wola I ^a^j don,' quod she, 
■fin tLa caoM of thea : hat I vol flrat 
Birhali thee b; wordM and I vrol en- 
[i BM to eufoiineii Uiee thilke yhlw 
q/Ul<AlBeiM that than more know- 
that, whan thon boat fully bi- 
thilke falio goodoB, and tonied 
that other lydo, thon mowe 
tA« deeruuM of vcrcsy lliifiil- 

al. Qufmvre iii(ieni.iiiii tioW 

Wbo-co -wola sowe a feeld plentiroaa. 

I 1m tiiin flnt dalivera it fro tboniea, and 

ir with hia hook the bnishos 

•Bd tka iam, 10 that the com may comcn 

ibnr of era and of KTeyues. Hooy ii 

,a, 3rif monthen ban firit 

taatvd aavonrM that ben wlkkid. The 

vlad Kotbu leteth hia plonnKy blastca ; 

I Bud afUir that Locifer the day-atorro 
liath Bhaaad awey the derke night, tlio 
dajr th» fttlrara Isdatb the roacno hare 
</ (JM aofMU. And right ao Ihoo, bi- 
bnldlDca drtt tha £al» goodea, bi^in to 

I'witb-dnvMi thy lukhe btt tha yuk of 
rrtkilit afitettmit; and aft«r-*™rd the 
nrn]- gaodes aboUeii eatien in-lo thy 

pMSK n. Tuncde/lrvpaulMTmnltu. 
Tba laatBado (he ■ lital tlie aighte of 

and bigaa to epoke Hght thni : ' Alia the 
cnroa,' qnod aha, * of mortal folk, -wbiohe ; 
that t»v»3-len hem hi many manor 
Etodies, goon oertea by divetee woyoa, 
but BBthelea they floforoeii hem nlle to 
comen only to oon onde of hlisfVilnesea. 
And bliarulneaao ia awiche a goad, that i 
wha4o that hath geten it, he ne may, 
oTflT that, no-thing more deayre. And 
thia thing ia foraotho the Bovoreyn good 
that conteyceth in him-self nlle maner 
gnodei ; to the whicha good yif thar i 
failoda any thing, it mightc oat ban 
clopisl sovereyn good : for thanna woro 
ther Bom good, ont of this llko iovereyn 
good, that migbte ben deaired. Now ia 
it clear and cerlcin thanna, that bliaftil- ' 
Dflaaa ia a parflt eatat by the congre- 
Baoionn of alia goodea ; the wliiche 
bliafolneaM, as I bnve aeyd, olio mortal 
folk enforcan hcon to geten by diTBrae 
weyea. For-why the ooTcitiaa of vairay ■ 
good ia DAtoreily y-pUtrnted in tha hortee 
of men ; bnt the miawandriDge enoor 
mi^ledelh hem in^Io falae goodaa. Of 
the whiohe men, aom of hem wenan tliat 
sovereyn good be to liven wilh-oitte neda . 
of any thing, and travaylan hem to be 
liAlioondaanl of richeasua. And aom 
□ther men demen that aovenyn good 
be, for to ben right digne of roverenoe ; 
and eoforoen hem to ban nivoroiifad 
among hir neigbboura by the hononra 
that they ban y-geten, And aom folk 
ther ben that bolden, that light haigb 
(joner ha aovereyn good, and enforeen 
liem for to regnen, or ollea to joignen 
hem to hem that rtgnen. And it aamoth 
to some other folk, that nobleMO of ro- 
nonn be the aovereyn good ; and haatan 
hem U> geten gloriona Wuna by the arta 
of warn and of paaa. And many folk . 
meaoran and geaaen that lovanyn good 
be joyo and gladnaaM, and wanes that 
it be right Idiafol thing to plonngan h«in 
in volaptuons dolyt. And thar ben folk 
that entreobatuigen tha caoiea and tha 
cDdea of thtae fbtaeyde gaodea, aa they 
that doaircn ricbeaaca to han ixiwer and 
detyl*a ; or ellea they deairen power for 
to lian moncye, oi 

(got^ius. (glooR xn : Qncfrt n. 

SS In tbiie lUingeii, <ind in iwiefaa otbra 
thlnireB, U tomod alle (he autencionn of 
deairingoB uid of worVes of men ; na 
thus : noblesM ami ftivonr of people, 
■wWoho that yevoth to men, na it Bemeth 

nyf and childron, thit men deairen for 
eanSB of del^ and of merineaso. Bnt 
JbfBothe, frondefl be Hholden nat be 
rakned o-mong the godee of (orttme, but 

65 of vertn ; for it ia a ful holy maner thing, 
Alle tliiae cthre thingea, ibniorlie, ben 
Inken fbr csnse of poirer or elles for 
oaose of dBl^t. Certes, now am I reiiy 
to referren the goodeB of the bod; totbiso 

70 foneide thingea ahoren ; for It aemeth 
ibat strenglhe and gretnesge of body 
yercii power and worthinesae, and thnt 
boautoe and swiftnetiM yvveo coblessea 
and glorie of renonn ; and belo of body 

75 aemetii yercti dslyt. In alle tbiu tbingea 
It lemeth only that bllafalnesse ii dsiired. 
Fo^^hy ILUke thing that every man 
deainth moit orer alle tliingei, be 
demeth that it bs the loTerayn good ; 

So bat I have defyned that bliafnlnegse ia 
tlie BDvereyn good ; for irhirh every wight 
dometh. that thilkacntiit thnt bsdeilTeth 
orer alia Ihlnges, that it bo bUsRilueue. 
Now halt thou thanne bifom tliyn eyen 

8j almeit a) thejjorpoaod fonno of the wcte< 
Rilneue of man-klnde, that is to leyn, 
rirhessei, hononra, power, and glorlo, and 
dolyls. The whichedelyt only conaidaredo 
Epicnras, and jnged andeatahlisabed that 

90 dalyt ia the lovereyn good ; for aa moohe 
a* alle othre thlDgec, as him Chongbte, 
bi-refta awey joyo and mirthe fram the 
herte. Bat T retume ayein to the gtndiea 
of men, of wbitbe men the corags alwey 

$j rohenetb and seketh the aoverej^ good, 

al be It ao that it be with a derked 

caemoria ; but he not by whieho path, 

right as a dronken man not naC by 

whlcho path he may retorne him to hia 

lui bona, Semeth it tbanne that folk folyen 

and erren that anforcen hem to have 

nade of nothing? Certea, ther uis son 

1 olhar thing that may ao wpI performa 

^B hlisftilnef»,B9aiieatatp1rnttvonBof alio 

^MCC"oite*i Mint oa hntb nede of non other 

thing, bnt that U mfflaaunt of hlmietf 
nnto hini-«lf. And folyen awiche folk 
thanna, that wenan that thilka thing 
Lgbt good, that it be eek right 

worthy ( 

Oertea. nay. For I 


deepiaed, that wel 
neigh al the entoncionn of mortal folk 
travaylon for to goton it. And power, 
ongbto nat that eek to ban rekancd 
amongoa goodes f What ellea ? For it 
ig nat to vtoni that thilka thing, that U 
mn»t worthy of alle IhiEgea, be fehio and 
with-oote airengtba. And cleemeau of 
renoon, onghte that to ben despited? 
Certea. ther may no man fonakc, that al 
thing that is right aieellenl and nobla. 
that it no lometh to ben right cleer and 
renomed. For eertea, it nodeth nat tn 
seye, that bliafttlnease be [nat] aagniasons 
ne drary, na anbgit to gipvatuicea ne to 
sorwes, iln that in right liCel tbingen 
folk aeken to have and to men that may 
del.TteD hem. Certea, thiae ben the 
Ihingei (hat man wolan and deairen to 
geten. And for tbia canae deairen they 
rii'haiaea, dignitees, regnea, glorie, and 
delioea. For thcrby wenan they to han 
anfttaatmce, honour, power, ranoan, and 
gladuease. Than ia it good, that men 
aeken thns by ao ninny diyerao atndiea. 
In wbicbe deayr it may lightly ben 
ahewed bow gret ia the itrengtha of 
nature ; for how to that men han dlrerae 
aonteneea and dilcordinge, algatea men 
aeorden alle in lovinge the ende of good. 

la H. Quanta4 Tt 

mjltctai tu 

It lyketh me to iihawe, fay inbtil long, 
with alakko anddalltable aona of Btrengoa. 
bow that Natare, mighty, enelioeth and 
tlittetb the governementa of tbingea, and 
by whiohe lawoa abe, pnrveyalile. kepeth 
tbo greTd world ; and how abe. bindinge, 
reatreyneth alle ihingoa by a bonds that 
may cat ben nnbaoude. Al be it ao that 
tbo lyonna of the contre of Pena borea 
the foire ehaynea, and taken mates of 
the handpB of folk that yeTen it hem, 
and dreden liir sdinly mayatrea ofwhioho 

(gotl^iua. qeSooA in: $ros( m. 

thur ben wont to snffren betinges ! yif 

IhAt hir homble mnnthss ben be-bled, 

(jUaf U ia teyn, of baia devound, Ur 

Mntgt of liaxa pused. that h&th ben ydel 

■nd rated, repeyreth siyeiii ; uid they 

Mran Erevoiuly uid remctnbren nu hir 

Bktnre, knd aUken hir cekkea fnia liir 

B eluyiiM ODboUDde ; uid hir moystor, first 

to-toni with blody tooth, lasayeth ths 

■oda WTkthes of hem ; 'Ail it to Kyn, 

Oeir /reten Mr mayiter. And Iha JiuigB- 

linga hiid that singeth on the hpye 

', 15 Uannohra, Oiat i> la lej/n, in Ike mode, 

I ud t&«r ia ODcIoscd in a ■trej't Fnge : 

;l il-tlunisli that tbo iileyinge biginasite of 

niBi yersth hom honiede dcukes nail 

1hb« met«a with swote stadia, jit nnthe- 

•u 1m, yif thilke biid, sfcijipinge oat of hir 

Etnylc cogp, teeth tho agtaitblea shadcwes 

oftho wodaa, (he diCaaloth with hir feet 

liir meMa r-abad, and leketh manminge 

;Jy the wode ; and twitereth, deeiringe 

■ 'ih] wode, wiih hir flwet« vois. Theyardo 

' v 1i«o, that ia haled a-doou by mighty 

■i'.rengtho, boweth redily the cropa-louii; 

Wt yif that the band of him that it boste 

Ut it gOQ ayeic, anon the crop loketh 

fonp^i^ht to hoTBaa, The aonna Phebas, 

that fklleth at even in the wcstrone 

vawea, retomelh ■yai□el\•onfl■hIBl^arte, 

l)f {nfree path, thet-na it ia wont aryse. 

All* thingea aeken nyein (o hir propra 

45oimn, and alle thin^es rejoj^en hem of 

bir tatominge ayein to hir natore. Xe 

□ID ordiaannDe nis bltaken ta thingei, 

^■:i. that that hath joyned the endlnge 

iha beginninge, and hath mabed the 

duB of it-eelf stable, that it chaungtOi 

- (( Aom hit propre Wmto, 

PuaE m. Vol quaqttt, o (arrsM aHtnuUia, 

Ceites also ye men, that ben ertheUcbe 
^«at«a, drcmen alwcy yoora beginninge, 
kl-tbongh it be with a Lbinne tjnagina- 
ooon ; and by a manor thoaghte, al be 
i 11 oat eleerly Be parfltlj, ye loken fram 
«-fer u> thilka venay f^ji of bliafulnoaao ; 
■Bd ther-fore nature! anleoeioun ledelh 
pni to Ihllke verray good, but many 
I auiicr ermun mla-tomelh you thei-fro. 

Consider now yif that by thllks Ihinges, >o 
by whicha a man waneUi to geten him 
bliafulneaaa, yif that ha may comen to 
thilke ende that he weneth to oome by 
nutore. For yif that inoneye or hDOOOra. 
or thise other forseyde thinges bringen i; 
to men swioh a thing that no good ne 
faylo ham ne semeth fayle, oartea than 
wole I grannie that they ben maked 
bliafal by thUko thingea that they han 
getcn. Bat yif so be that thilke thinges Ai 
ne mowen nat pecforroen that they bi- 
hflten, and that thor be defante of manye 
goodaa, ah^weth it nat tlianna eleerly 
that fals beaateo of bliefolnesse ia knowen 
and HtetnC in thilka Ihingea ? First and 'S 
forward tJion thy-aelf, that boddoat ha- 
bandanncoi of richesaes nat long agon, 
I axe yif tliat, in the habundaunoo of alle 
thilka richeaaea, thon were never an- 
gniaaoos or Boty in thy oorage of any ,VJ 
wrong or grevannce that bi-lidde thee on 
any ^de ? ' ' Cerlns,' qaod I, ' it ne re- 
membreth me nat that evere I wan so 
free of xoy thought that 1 ne was alwey 

thee lakked aom-what Iliat Ihon Dotdest 
nat lian bUcked, or ellai thon haddest 
that thon noldeal nat han had ?' ■ Bight 
BO ia it,' qnod I, 4,1 

'Thanna deairedeat thoa the preaeiii^e 
of that OOQ and ths absenne of tliat 
other?' 'I grannte wei,' qood J. 

* Foisotlie,' qaod she, ' than nedotli 
tber som-what that every man desireth P ' 4J 
' Ye, thar nedeth,' qaod I, 

' Cartes,' qaod she, ' and ha that ballx 
lakko or neda of aught nis nat in every 
wey sofljiannt to bimaelf?' 'No,' 

qaod I. SO 

' And thon,' qnod ahe, ' in al the pluntee 
of thy riehosaes Iia<ldBat thilke lukke ol 

' Thnnne may nat richesaes makeu that 
n man nia nedy, ne that he be snfBsaunt fS 
to bim-aolf; and that wna it that they 
bi-hlghten, as It Mmetb, Anil eek ccrtes 
I trowe, that this be ffretty to conaidere, 
that inoneye ne hath nat in his owes 
kiude that it lie may ben bi-nemcn vtHo 

(gatHme. i£toeft m : (jnt«r< m. 

loiows it wel,' goad L 

' Wli; ■baldest llioa sat U-kiiinMa it,' 
qiud ihc, 'whan vmy daytbo ttnciget 
As feUt bl-nemea it fro the f«bl«T, oMagni 
hem t For whensea oomen ellM idle thiia 
tonfne eoioplaynttu or qnarelea of plet- 
iogea, but for that nun axen ay^in hers 
tnoDeTs that hath ben hi-Dcnnan hem by 
JO force or by gyle, and alirey matigre 
hem?' 'Kight *o is it,' quod I. 

"rhaa,' qood the, 'hath & man iieda> 
to vaken him foreyce heipe by whiche he 
may defendebismanfje?' ' Who may 
TS M? lutf } ' quod I. 

' C«rt«l,' quod ihe ; ' and him nededa 
mm balp. jil bo ns had'le no moceye that 
bo mi^M Iwe?' 'That 'a doulele*,' 

to ' Hun if thia thinKs tomed in-to the 
eantnuyo,' qood the. ' Foi riohcoes, 
that men wenea iltolde make lafflsumoe, 
they mak«n a man rather baa nedo of 
forayno help ! Which ia the manero or 

BS the eyve,' qnod ihe, ' that richeuo may 
dryvo awey neda ? Bicho folk, may they 
netthai hau hanger ns thont? Thisa 
riohe men, may they fele no oold on hir 
Ilmei oDwistar? Battbon woltansweroD, 

90 thmt liobe men hui y-now wber-wlth they 
miky nannohen hii honeer, ilaken hir 
Ibnrat, and doa a-wey cold. In this wjao 
may oedo be connibrted by richaiaeB; 
bat oertei, nods do may nat al oatroly 

9S ben doa a-vey. For tbengli thu nedo, 
that le alwey gapingo and grody, be fUl- 
fild with richoHai, and axo any thing, 
yit dvalleth thanna a nodo tbatmigbee 
be fblflld. 1 bolde me itillo, and telle 
: litel thing soffixath 

nature ; bnt oertes ^ 

no sofBeeth na-thiDg. For 1 

euas ne nuy nat al don avay neda, bnt 

licbeseei maken nede, vhat may it thanna 

icy be, that ye 

Uktim m. QuamBUJIuaiia diaa avri 

AI wan it (a thai a riuha coveytoas 
n hadde a river fletingo al of gold, yit 

and thoB^ h« hadd* his cekke f- 
chuged with precioiu itonee of the rede 
aee, and thoogb he do ere hia feldea plan- 
tiroD* with an faondred oxen, never nc 
ihal hl« bytinge bieineesa for-leten hira 
whyl he livath, na the lighte richenea n« 
■holls nat bepen bim companye whan he 

PBon IT. 8tt 

Sat dignjtoea, to whom they ben oonuD. 
malun they him hanamble and referent 1 
Han they oat s» gret nrengthe, that the> 
may pntto verfncs in the hertes of folk 
that osen the lordthipea of hem? Oi 
ellw may tbey don a-woy the vycea! 
Cartea, they no be nat wont to don awaj 
wikkednosse, but they bea wont lathei 
to ihewsn wikkedneoe. And ther-oi 
oomth it thM I have right ^to devdeyn, 
that dignitoes ben yoven ofto to wikked 
men ; for which thing Catnllna oleped 

I 0/ E 

. (Aol ) 

I Non 

poetnm " or " boch " ; at kIW »ev(*, A< 
cUped him a amgregairiou'i 0/ tyca In hit 
breil, at a potlum it ful of compeiinm. 
al were thie Nouios set in a chayre 01 
dignitee. Seect thon nat thanno hon 
gjet vilenye digmtees don to wikkeii 
men ? Ceiteo, nnworthinesw of wikked 
men aholde be the lasie y-sene, yif the] 
noro raiomed of none hononra. Certes 
than thyielf ne migbteat nat ben brooghi 
with as manye perils aa thon mightesi 
saSccn that thou voidest beren thi 
mngiatrat with DecoiaC ; that it to trj/n 
that for no ptril that migtilt b^fiiUtn (*fl 
by tiff'tna 0/ Ike ting TheodorilCf, Ikoi 
noldttt not bt /SlauK lit gmreniaiaKt teiO 
Dtrorat; whan tbon aaye that he haddi 
wikked coinee of a likerooa ehrewo anO 
of an aocuBor. No I ne may nat, foi 
Fwiobe hononrs, jngen hem worthy 01 
roTeronce, that 1 deme and holds nn< 
worthy to han tbilke aame honooT*. Koh 
yif tbon sayo a man that were hMld 01 
wiadom, certea, thon ne mighteet nal 
dame that he were unworthy to tb( 
honour, or ellea to tho wiadom of wbict 

igot^iUB. ^96i in : ^rOBt V. 

!o,' qnoil t— ' OerteB, 
ipertienss propreljr 
tniKpartflUi dignitfiO 
which, ibo hir-iolf 
far ki mocha u 
OAy nat m&keTi folk 
is wel nyn oleerly 
propro boBuWo of 
len ua^htsn taken 
or Tif it BO b« tbst 
1>e 10 mochel l^e foolere 
be Is despTsed 
■0 aa Asgoitae na may nal 

El digue of rerercDce, Oia 
digmtee Kheweth to mocbe 
tnaketb dignilea ihrewas 
deapysed thsD 
Ibnothe nat nnpnnlisbed : 

t up-OH dignitttt ; foe thoy 
"o digniMos »« gret gaof- 
ly bi-ipotten and defoulon 
lilr vilesye. And for u 
, move knows that thilke 
oe OS may nat oomen by 
_ ttanritorio digiiit««s, tm- 
Biiu : yif that a man huitls 
manar digaitoea of 
oomen psraveDturo 
lioona. sholda thilko 
n ^-i" wonhipfol and re- 
(wuge folk? Certoi, yif 
«f poepla wore a natiirel 

j«B Qo manor folk Co 

[right sa fyr in avny con- 

^^ nat to eaebaufen and 

Bat for u luooha aa for 

B hoQoiurable or Temrent 

folk of hir propra 

rra, hot only of tho bin 
that i» (0 wv", tAnt KniM 
Mtvn JbOc digue eftvnuiw ; 
in that ihey comen 
wen nat thilke digni- 
t«ninhoa awoy, and 
t ia amonged nraunge 
aayn ; bet amoagoe hem 
hom, ne dnren nat 
alwey T CertMt, the dig- 
jirOTUatria of Koma waa 


a grat power ; i 

n ydd n 

d the n 

Bgrot ohftTge. Andyif awight 
whylom hndde the office to taken hade lo 
the vitailea of the pooplis, as of com and 9J 
other thiugea, he woa holden aroongei 
grolo ; bat what thing is now more ont- 
caat thonne thilks piovostrie f And, aa 
1 haTS aeyd a litel faer-bifom, that thUke 
thing that hath no propro beantea of loo 
him-eolf reoeivotli aom-tyme prys and 
-hyninge, and som-tynio leaelh it by the 
opinionn of naanncei. Mow yif that dig- 
niteea thanne na mowen nat makcn folk 
digna of reioroDce. and yif that digniteea i;i5 
WBXen fonla of hir wille by the fllthe of 
Hhrewei, and yif that dignitaea leaen hir 
Hhynlnge by channginga of tymes, and 
yif Uioy woxen fonlo by astimacionn of 
pocpio ; what 13 it that tbey ban in hem- ii» 
self of beantea that oaghto ben de>iri>dF 
at If Ao trtfik, non ; thanne ne moweu 

tbay yeven no bwnteo of flignitm to non 

Umui IV, Clio I 

t» w, Tyrio tuptrbv 

Al lie it 10 that the pronde Kero, willi 
alle hia woile Inxnrie, kembdo bim and 
aparsilede him with faira pnrprea of 
Tirie, and with vhyte perloa, algatoa yit 
throf he hateful to alia folk : tUt it to i 
teiin, Ihal ol teat ka Ultated of aUt Jolk. 
Yit thia wikked Kero A«dds pnt lordthlp, 

J yaf w 

a the 

toora the ODworahipfal aet«B of digniteea. 
Vnaanliitl/id KM *a elqgaA »««, />r t»a« « 
A'tra, Udl Koa M »a'*«I, lf<^ CM d^dttHa. 
Who«o wolde thanne reaouably wonen. 
that bliafolneaae wars in twiohe lianoara 
aa ban yeren by Ticiooa ahrewea ? 

Faoaa V. Jlk vrro t 

Bat regnea and famlliariteoa of kiogai, 
may they makon a man to ben migbtyT 
How ellea, wbaa blr bliaftalnesse dnroth 
parpatnely? But certce, tbe olde ago of 
tyme paaaal, and eok of prawnt lyme s 
now, fi fol <tf eiuaniDplai how that 

(goetjiuo. QBooS m : QJldre V. 

kiogaa inai cbaiinged in-to wi 
<iat o£ liir WBlafalueaie. t ■ 
RBd j> (Jeer thing U powar, 
indsn migli^ to kepen ll 


maker of bluftUnewe, jif thllke power 
laUMh on ms (yde, unsiiiuetli it cat 
thilka bliifhlDun uid hriugeili in 

ij wreochednnBe? Bat yit, &1 be it so 
tliBt tke reitaauw of mADkinile atrecclien 
brode, yit mot ther nede ben mocha folk, 
over whiche tlint ever? king tu> bsth no 
lordihipe ne oomaoudcmant. And uert«s, 

>o up-on tliilke ajds tbut power fajleth, 
wbioh that mskotli folk hlisful, right 
on that same ej-de nonc-power entreth 
onder'netho, that m&koth ham wrocchea ; 
in this mauera thaune mot«tl fcingeB hon 

ti more pocoiotui of wcecchednerae than of 
welefolneaie. A tyrannt, that mu king 
of SitUt. that hiulds 3aaaj«d the peril 
of hii estat, ihevede hy similitude the 
dredes of nannies by gastnwaa of a mrerd 

3" Ibat hong over the heved of liU familier. 
What thing in Uianne this power, that 
may QBt don awey the hytingw of biai- 
non, na Mche"™ the pcitkoii of drede f 
And certOB, yit woldan they liven in 

J5 KiksineaM. but they may nat ; and yit 
they glarilye hem in Mr power. Holdait 
thou thanne that thilke man be mighty, 
that thoa seert that he wnlde don that 
he may nat don? And boldeat then 

40 thanne him n mighty man, that hath 
euvimwneda hia aydes with men of M'mBS 
or setjaontB, and dredetb more hem that 
n they dreden him. 

md that ia put i: 

a aholde eami 


But of famlllereB or Borvauntj of kin^e* 
what aholde I l«l1e thee onythiag, ain 
that I myielf have ahewed tlieo that 
reaumea hom-aelf ben fhlof grotfebletise? 

10 The whiche Ikmllierea, oertai, the rynl 
power of kings*, in hool ostat and in 
Bstat abated, fill oile tbrowath adovn. 
Nero conatreyneda Senek, his familior 
and hia mayiter, to cbeaan on what death 

S5 he wolde deyau, Antoniua comaundeds 
Iliat knightea sloven with liir swerdea 
I'atduian Hi fautiliei; uhith l';i[>iniiui 

hadde ben longo tyme tul mighty 
amongea hem of the court. And yit, 
oertes, they wolden bothe hon renonnced 
hil power; ol whiche two Senek ou- 
foTOode him to yeven to Nero hia rich- 
eaaeg, and also to hau gon in-to tolitaria 
njJL But whan the grete weighte. Ihai 
it io teyn^ of lordet power or nf fifriunt^ 
drawoth ham that ahnllen falle. neither 
of horn ue mighte do that he wolde. 
What thing ia thaune thilke power, that 
though men ban it. yit they ben agast ; 
and wbanne thoa wnldeat ban it, thou 
nart nal siker ; and yif thou woldest 
forteten it, thoa niayst nat eaohuen itt 
Bat whether swiobe men ben frendea 
at nede, aa ben conseyled by fortone and 
nat by vertn ? Certea, iwiohe fblk aa 
weleliil fortune maketh freendes, con- 
trarioua fortune maketh hem enemya. 
And wliat peatllenae ia more mighty for 
to anoye a wight than a iamilier enemy 'I 

Metu V. QHiti uBlet eue poOndmi. 

Who-eo wot be mighty, he mot dsunten 
hil omel comge, ne pulte nat his nekke, 
ovorcomen, under the fonle reynea ol 
leohetye. For al-be-it »o that tliy lord- 
ahipe gtrecche ao far, that the eontree 
of Inde queJietb at thy Eomaondeiaente 
or at thy lawea, and that the Uit Ue <■ 
the MC, that kiglil Tyle. bo thtal to thee, 
yit, yif thou mayat net putten away thy 
fnnle derke deayis, and dryven out fro 
thee wreocbed oomplaintea, uertea, it nia 
no power that Ihou haat. 

Fioai ^L Otoria uero qvam Jhllaa aaefK, 
But glorie, how deoeivable and how 
foul ia it olte I For whioh thing nat 
unskilfuliy a tragedian, Oat U to aeyii, 
a maker of ditta that Itighlm (ropeiUaf, 
oryde and leide : " O glorie, glorie," quod 
he, "thon art nothing elles to thonaandoa 
of folkea hot a greet awellar of erei I" 
For manye ban had All gcoet renonn hj 
the false opinioan of the poeple, and whAl 
thing may ben thought fouler thancwidu 
lirej-ungef Fur thiUe folk that bou 
piej-BCd liibity, they moten uedei hau 

B of bir pngtiiigu. And yit tbat 
ItOl htm eeten ban thonk or ^nysiago 
V hf bir dfvtUa, what filing hath tliilko 
m aebtd oi eucr«aed to the ooniioieiice 
> folk, that msanren hir eood, 
ramoitr of the pocpla, hut 
u BOOthfiiMiieuHi of conicience J And 
K fair thing, n man to h&n 
1 apred hia nsioe, thui fol- 
vstli it tluLt it lA damed to hen a fooJ 
rhio^, jif it ufl be y-«prad 
Bat, M t «yde a litel hi ~ 

folk the 

y folk, to whicho 

aan no may nat 

osnan, it befnlleth that be, that thon 

venait be gloriooit and rsnomod, lemeth 

in the neite paitie of the ertbes to ben 

JO iritb-oata glorie and with-onta renoon. 

And eertee. amongea tbite tbingei I ne 

tnnra oat that the piya and graoe of the 

poeple nia neLtber "worthy to bea re- 

■aambred. ne Cometh of wyae jttgement, 

Use is fenne perdusblT, Bat Dow.of tbia 

name of gsotileaae, what man ia it thai 

ne ma; vel aeeu bow rej-D and how 

ftiltioge a thing it ia ? For yif the name 

U geotilene be referred la renonn and 

f daamaase of Linage, tbanne ia gen tit name 

kal k forein* tbioK, tKat U to leifn, (o Ann 

Ott flort/V" IM™ 0/ ^Ir lifagt. for it 

l^BMb Ui*t g*DtiI«n« be a maner prey- 

^SB that oanlh of the daaerte of an- 

lll«Mlci& JoA jit preyvngB mafcath 

* t^rtlliM*, tbume moten they nedea be 

l*Mll Ukat ben praynd. For wbicb thing 

1^ folveth, that yif tbon ne have no 

' nUliaie of th)-'Mlf, (Aa( it la lei/tt, prtyta 

■■\i eamih ti/ tAy detrit, fondue gentUaaae 

:•> maketb thee net gentiL Bat eertaa, 

rf Ibor be any good in genlileaee. I trove 

H be al-ooly tfaia, that it aemath as that 

fctowur becaaaileo be impoeed to gentll 

!a*s, for that tbay ua eholden aat ont- 

irtD or fbrllTto tro thg Tiitnea of bir 

:aU, UftMde. 

K>t«a TL OraiM tomtmim ftntit In 

U tb« linace of m«n tbat ben In anhe 
-3 ef Hmhlable births. On allone ia 
t af Ihlnge*. Oa allone mliiiatreth 

■lie thlnges. He yaf to the Sonne biao 
hemes ; be yaf to the mono hir bomea, S 
He>-sftbo men to the exths ; he yaf the 
Bterrea to the bevene. He encloaeth with 
membres the aooies Chat comen tn his 
bye aete. Thanno oomen alia mortal folk 
of nohle sedo ; why noiaen ye or bostan of ic 
yonro eldroat For yif tbon loks your 
biginmngii. and god yoor aactor and yoor 
makor, tbanne nia thar no forlived wight, 
hut-yif be noriaahe bia corage on- to vyces, 
and forlete hia propre bnnhe. '5 

Paoai YII. guid ai 

n dtteiforii 

But what shal I aeye of delioeB ofbody, 
of whiche delices the dcairingea lien ful 
of aogniaah, and the ftUAHingea of hem 
ben fnl of penannce? How greet Byk- 
noeae and how grate aorwca usanSBiablo, S 
right aa a maner fruit of vikkedneaae, 
bon thilke doliaea wudC tn brinsen ta the 
bodies of folk that naen bam 1 Ofwhicba 
detJcea I not what joye may ben bad of 
hir moevinge. But this wot I wel, (hat lo 
wbo-eo-evcr wole remembren him of hiae 
loiores, be ahal wel nndeistonde tliat 
the laaaea of delicea ben aorwrnl and 
sorye. And yif thilke dalicee mowen 
maken folk bliaftil, than by the aiune is 
eaase moten thiae beatea ben cleped blia- 
ful ; of wbioha beatea al tba aDt«naioiui 
hactetbtofaimiahlTbodilyjolitee. And 
the gladnaaae of wyf and ohildran wars 
an honeat thing, bnt it liaUi ben seyd » 
that it ia over mnohel oyaina kinde. that 
ohildren han ben foondan lonnantoiua to 
bir Cadres, 1 not how manyo : of whlche 
children how bytlngo ia every condicioDn, 
it ned'eth n«t to tellon it tbeo. that bast ij 
or thia tymo aaaayed it, and ait yit now 
ongaiaaDna. In this approTa I the aan- 
tenoa of my diaciple Enripldia. tl»t aeyda, 
that "he thatliathnocMldreBiBwelenil 
by infortuna.' ' ju 

Umx VU, BaUl omnli hoe votapltu. 

Stctt delyt bath thia, that it Bngniaabeth 
hem with prikkea that oaeu it, It r«- 
aembleth to thiae flyinjpe flyea lluvt we 

i^otf^ius. C^ooS ni : (prose vm. 

Klopen twsB. thfLt, niter that ba haih shod 

S hlw o^nvaMs bnniea. be flaolli awe;, anil 

HUnenlh tho herte«, of hem thnt ben 

ty-imite, wilh liytmgs ovsiioncs lioldiiige. 
pMaBTIIL NlhiHsUtirdvbiumat. 
Ifow u it ne donte tlianne that thise 
V070* no ben n nuiner misladinKoa to 
lilijftilnene, ne that they ne mowo nat 
laden folk thidar as Ihoy biheten to Lodon 
5 hem. Bqt with how gretjs harmes thiae 
forKjde weyea ben onLicDdt 1 nlhai ahewe 
tbee ihortlj, For-why jif thou euforceat 
theo to Hsemble monaye, thoQ most bi- 
reven him his muueya that bath it. And 
lo yif thon trett shynea with digniteei. thou 
most faUachen and nt^iplieii hem that 
jreven tho digniteas. And yif then eovcl- 
teat by honoor to gon bifOra other folk, 
thoq sbalt defonle thy-9e1f thom|;h btun- 

ngB, 1 

thon shall by awaytei of thy snbgits 
nueyonsly ben aiet ondsr maiije periloa. 
Aieet than glorie? Than sbalt ben so 
destrat by aapre Ihingea that tbon shalt 

to forgoon aikorDeaae. And yif thon welt 
loden thy lyf in delioes, every wight ahal 
despi^n thee and forteten thee, a* thon 
that art thual to thing that it right fool 
andhrotel; that la to Kyo, sarvaont to 

a^ thy body. Xow la it thanne wet asBQ. 
how lltel and how brotel posaesaionn they 
eoreiten, that patten the goodea of the 
body aboven hir owno reaonn. For mayat 
tboD mrmoantaa thiae olifannta in grot- 

jo nosse or weight of body ? Or mayst thon 
ben itronger than the bole ? Mnyit than 
ben Bwiftor than ths tygre 7 Bihold the 
■paces and ths ilablaaesae and the awifte 
conn of the herena, and stint som-tytne 

herane, oartes, nis iiat rather for thi» 
thingea U> ben vondrod Dp-no, than for 
ths rcsinm by which it is goveme 
tha ihyning of thy forme, that ia 
40 Iht baauUa of fAj/ hod^i^ how swift 

tinge fi tt, and how trsnaitorie ; 

totis toUsth, that yif that n 

1 haddeu 

eyen of a beeat that highte lynx, so thai 
tha lokiogo of folk mighta peroan thorogh 
the tlungsa that with^tondan it, who-au 
loked thanne in tlie antrailes of the body 
of AloibiadoB, that was fol fayr in the 
ntpei^oa with-oola, it ahold seme right 
fonL And forthy. yif thon semsat fayr, 
thy natnre mnketb nat that, bnt the 
desceivaance of the febleaao of the ayen 
that lokeu. But preyse the goodes of the 
body aa mocbel Bs aver thee list ; so that 
thou knowe nlgatea that, what-so it be, 
Uka( u to Hirn, of tht goodt* of thy body^ 
which that thou wondrest np-on, may 
ben destroyed or diaaolved by tha beta oi 
a foTBro of throe dayea. Of alio wbiohe 
foneyde thinges I may raduoen thie 
shortly in a sommo, that thiae worldly 
goodea, whicha that nemowan natyeren 
that they bihatsn, ne ben nat parflt by 
tha coDgiegaoionn of alia goodes : that 
they na bui nat weyes ne patbes that 
brineen me& td blidftUnuM, na ukku 
men lo ben Mif fbl, 

Alias I which folya and whioh igno- 
rannoe loisledath wandnnge wreechei 
fro the path of Tarray goode ! Ceitas, 
ye ne geken no gold in grene trees, ne ye 
na gaderan nat pracions atonea in the 
vynea, ne ya na hydea nat your ginnee 
in tho hye monntaignaa to cacobea fish 
of whicha ye may makan richs fssteK 
And yif yow lyketh to hnnta to roes, ya 
ne gon nat to tha foides of the valar th&t 
higbta Tyrone. And ovar this, man 
knowen wel the crykes and the cavemee 
of the aee y-hid in tho flodos, and knowan 
eok which water ia most plentivous ol 
nrliyte paries, and knowen which watoi 
baboUDdoth moat of reda pnrpro, Oiat a L, 
WV, q/a maner thtitt-fith trith wAlfk moi 
ilyen purpra ; and knowen which strondat 
habonndan moat with tendre flaahes, or ol 
sharpo dsahes that bigbten eohines. Bnt 
folk suifren hem-self to ben so bUnde, 
that ham nereccheth nat to knows where 
thilko goodes ben y-bid wtuclie that thai 

(gHlhm. QBoot ni: (pfMt IZ. 


tllAfclMdj«IM to 

0immt Butlpr^jv 


luui gtUm. tho fidM 
timTaOa, that ther-lij 
the Tiin^ (oodai. 

Uni^Mlh that IhAVMhsw^ hider4o 
ttt fixn* of ihlM irokAilnooM, oo that, 
fU ttMNt loho BOW nlwlj, tho ocdor of 

5 iarth to •howon thoo tho Tomur weleftil- 
.' *9lorootho,'qiiodI,*Iioowol 
Ihot aufl h im oe majnot oomon by 
10 powor fay zoomoa, no xoTor- 
hy dicniteet, no gontilaaiohy glorie, 
lOM joyo hy doUcoa.* 

* And hast thoawol knowan tho canaee,' 

<raod ohoi *'whj it ia?' *Cortos, me 

•tmoth,' qnod I, * that I soo ham right as 

thov^ it wars thomgh a litel elifto ; bat 

15 BO woro lorer knowen ham more openly 

*Cortea,' qnod the, *tho reoonn ii al 
lady. Vm thilke thing that nmply ia 
o thing, with-caton any deviaioon, the 
» tROfor and folyo of mankindo departeth 
and dorydath it, and mialodoth it and 
tnuiaportoth from verray and parfit good 
to goodee that ben fiUae and nnparfit. 
Bat aqr me thia. Weneat thoa that he, 
*S that hath node of power, that him ne 
hikketh no-thing?' 'Nay.'qnodL 

' Certee,* qnod ihe, * thoa eeyst a-right. 

For yif so be that ther ia a thing, that in 

any partye be febler of power, oertef, as 

|o in that, it mot nedee ben nedy of foreine 

help.' * Bight aoia it,' quod L 

* Snfllaannoe and power ben thanne of 
o kinde? ' * So Mmeth it,' quod L 

*And demeat thoa,' qnod the, *that 

35 a thing that ia of thia manere, that is to 

§eym, §n0lBautU and mighty^ ooi^te ben 

deapyied, orelleethat it be right digneof 

reverence aboven alia thingee? ' * Certet, ' 

q[aodI,'itBiaBO doote, that it ia ligM 
worthy to ben rerannoaii.' 40 

'lAt na,' qnod the, 'adden thanne 
reverence to mfiaannoe and to power, ao 
that we demen that thiae three thingea 
benalothing:* 'Ceiiea,'qnod I, *latna 
addenit,yifwewolengianntentheeothe»' 45 

*What demeet then thanne?* qnod 
■he; * is that a derk thing and nat noble, 
thai i$ mn£Smm»iy mertmt^ omI mi§ki$^ or 
elles that it ia right noble and ri^t 
deer by oelebritee of renonn ? Consider 50 
thanne,' qnod she, * as we ban giannted 
her>bifom, that he that ne hath node of 
no-thing, and ia moat mighty and most 
digne of honoar, yif him nedeth any 
eleemease of renoon, which oleemeMehe 55 
mighto nat gxannten of himself, so that, 
for lakke of thilke oleemesse, he mighto 
seme the febeler on any ^yde or the more 
oat-oast?' Gloae. TUt <• to seyn, nay; 
for wko-$o that i» n^jfflmwU^ m^My, and 60 
reverttU^ cUemetmcifremmnJ'olwethQ/tke 
formydt tkmgm; he haih it al rtdy q/ his 
SHjfisavmee, Amos. *I migr nat,' qnod 
I, * denye it ; bat I mot graonte aa it is, 
that thia thing be right celebrable by 65 
deemesse of renoon and noblesse.' 

*■ Thanne folweth it,' qnod she, * that we 
adden oleemesse of renoon to the three 
forseyde thinges, so that ther ne be 
amonges hem no differenoe ? ' * This is 70 
a conaeqaenoe,' qnod L 

* This thing thanne,* qnod she, * that ne 
hath node of no foreine thing, and that 
maj don alio thinges by hise strengthes, 
and that ia noble and honourable, nis nat 75 
thatameiy thingandajoyAU?' * But 
whennes,' qnod I, * that any sorwe mighto 
comen to this thing that ia swiche, oertes, 

I may nat thinka' 

* Thanne moten we graonte,* qnod she, 80 
* that this thing be fal of gladnesse, yif 
the forseyde thinges ben sothe; and 
oertes, alao mote we graonten that soffl- 
saonoe, power, noblesse, reverenoe, and 
gladnesse ben only dyverse hy names, but 85 
hir sobstaonoe hath no diversitee.' * It 
mot needly been so,* quod I. 

' Thilke thing thanne,' qnod she, ' that 
is oon and simple in his natore, the 

O 2 

i;0oeff|tu0. 1900K nx : iptwt ix. 

10 wiUurdneaM of men departath it a 
devydflth it r "HiJ T>lian they onfim 
hom (o getDO partya of ■ Uiing Ch&t 
Jiftth no pirt, iLey ne geten hem ncitl 
thillia pnrtya that nis non. ne the thi 
~ il thut they ne desire &■(.' ' 

' Tbilka roan,' qaod abe, ' that *echeth 
richeuea to Seen povertee, he ne Ira- 
vnUetli him nat for to gelo power ; for he 

■ DO hath lever hen derk and vyl ; and eak 
withdraweth from him-Belf miwy natural 
dolyti, for he nolda laas the moneye that 
hs hath astembled. Bat cert«a. in this 
manere he at ^tetta him nal anffianiincB 

lOj that power forletcth, and that moleetie 
prikketh, and that fllthemakatb ont-caat, 
and that derken ease hydeth. Andoertea, 
he that deaireth only power, he wosteth 
and Bcatorath richesse. and deapyseth 

110 delyts, and eek lianoni that is wilb-onte 
power, ne ho ne preyieth gloria nn-thing. 
Carta*, tbns M«al thoa we], that manye 
thingofl fkylaa to him ; for be hath aom- 
tyme defante of many neceulteeo, and 

iij Duuir angniuhaa byten him; and whan 
be ne may oat don tho dafautea o-wey, he 
ll)rlotath to ben mighty, and that ii the 
thing that ha roiwt daairath. And right 
thus may I raoken umblable reaoona of 

i» hoaoon, and of gloria, and of delyla. 
For tn aa ovary of tbiao foraayde tbingea 
la Ihe same that tbiae other tbingea b«ii, 
Ulot il to wiin, III 00a thing, who4a that 
ever aaketb to geten that oon ft tbise, 

iij and nat that other, be na galelb oat that 
he dealreth.' Botet. • What asyst thon 
thanna, yif that a man coveiteth to gsteu 
alia thiaa tbingea to-gider ? ' 

PJiittnopliie. 'Certea,' qnod aho. <I 

ijo wolJe H^a, that he woLde eBtoo bim 
VDTorayn hllafiilnMae ; but that ahat ha 
oat flnde in tho thinge* that I have 
ahawDd, that ne mowan nat yeven that 
thuy beheten. ' ' Oerteo, no,' qood L 

115 ' Tbnnaa,' quod abo, * na abolden men 
nat by no wey aekeu bliafTLlneaae inawicbe 
tbingea u men wane that they Qa mowen 
yevBu bat thing senglely of alle tliat 
man aeken.' ' I grannta wel,' qaod I j 

140 'at DO aothar thing ne may ben wyd.' 

' Sow haal tbon tbanne.' qnod aha, ' tho 
forme and Ihe canoea of faUc welefol- 
neaaK tfow tome and flitta the ejen 
of tby tboagbt : for thar sbalt thon 
aean anon Ibilko rerroy bliafnlnaaaa that 
I have bibigbt tbea.' ' Oertei.' qaod I. 
■ it ia oloi>r oDd open, thogh it were to 
a blindo man ; and that shewedect thoa 
ma fal wel a litel her-bifom. wban thoa 
enforcodefft thee to ihewe mo the oaiuea 
of tbe falso bliafulDsaae. For bnt-yif I 
ba bigyled, thanna ia thilke tbe vomy 
bliafulneaao parfit, that parfltly maketh 
a man anffiaannt, mighty, honoormble, 
nobis, and fnl of gladneue. And, foi 
thon Shalt wal knowe Chat I hava wel 
ondaratondan thlse tbingea with-in my 
horte, I knowo wel that thilko Uiafal- 
neaae, that may verrayly yeven oon of 
tbe foraayde tbingea, sin they ben al oon, 
I knowe, duatolos, tlutt tbilka thing ia 
tbe foUe bUafolneaae.' 

'0 my node,' qnod ihe, 'by ttiia 
opiniean I aaye that than art bllafol, yif 
thon pntte this ther-to that I sbal aeyn.' 
■What ia that?' qnod L 

* Trowoat thoa that tber be any thing 
in tbise ertholy mortal toambling thinges 
that may bringan this eatat J ' ' Oortea,' 
qnod 1, '1 trowe it naoght; and thon 
baat ibewed ma wal that over thilka good 
tbar nia no-thing more to ben desired.' 

■ Tbise tbingea tbanne.' qaod she. ' Vmt 
il to Kfi, eriluii/ ruffltauaci and power and 
flotcha thtntNu, either tboy aemon lyke- 
neesea of verray good, or ellea it semeth 
that they yeve to morttU folk a maner of 
goodea that no ben nat parfit ; bat thilke 
good that is rerray and parQt, that may 
th«y nat yevan.' ' I ocordo ma wal,' 

■ Tbanne.' qaod aha, ' for ai moohel as 
thou bast knowen whioh ia tbilka vemy 
bliafalnasBe, and eek wbicbe thilke 
tbingea ben that lyen fatsly blisAilnBase, 
Uaf il to teyn, that bg dtctiU tetaeit verrotf 
poodes, now behoveth thea to knowe 
whancea and where thoa mowe aeke 
thilke verray bliafolneasa,' ' Certea,' 
qaod I, 'that deaire 1 greetly. and have 
obiden longe tymo to herknen it." 

(goti^hm. (gfool ni: fpt^tn x. 


* Bat for MM moGhA,' qaod ahe, ' a« it 
Ijkdth to my disoipI« FUtOi In his book of 
^in Timeo^** thftt in right Utel thinges 

195 mm iholden bisechen the help of god, 
irlMit jngMt then thftt be now to done, bo 
that we mej deserve toflnde the sete of 
thilke Ytmy good ? ' * Oertes,' qnod I, 
^ I detne thai we ihollen depen the &der 

ioo of alle goodes ; for withonten him nil 
thcr nothing fonnden »-ri|^t.* 

'Thou e^yet a-right,* qood the; and 
bigan anon to singen right thns : — 

O qui perpetua mundun 
ratione gubermu. 

* O thon fiMler, creator of hevene and of 
erthee, that goremest this world by per- 
durable resoon, that comaondest the 
tymes to gon Arom sin that age hadde 

5 beginninge ; thou that dwellest thy-self 
ay stedefast and stable, and yevest alle 
othre thinges to ben moeved ; ne foreine 
eaoses necesseden thee never to componne 
werk of floteringe matere, bat only the 

10 forme of soverein good y-sot with-in thee 
with-onte envye, that moevede thee freely. 
Thon that art alder-fayrest, beringe the 
fairs world in thy thought, formed est 
this world to the lyknesse semblable of 

15 that furs world in thy thought. Thou 
drawest al thing of thy soverein en- 
saompler, and comaundest that this 
world, parfitliche y-maked, have fVeely 
and absolut his parfit parties. Thou 

so bindest the elements by noumbres pro- 
poroionables, that the colde thinges 
mowen aoorden with the bote thinges, 
and the drye thinges with the moiste 
thinges ; that the fyr, that is purest, ne 

>5 flee nat over bye, ne that the hevinesso 
ne drawe nat adoun over-lowe the erthes 
that ben plounged in the watercs. Thuu 
knittest to-gider the mene sowle of treble 
kinde, moevinge alle thinges, and do- 

|D Tydest it by membres aoordinge; and 
whmn it is thus devyded, it hath asembled 
a moeringe in-to two roundes ; it goth to 
tome ayein to him-self, and envirouneth 
a tfol deep thought, and tometh the 

hevene by iemUable image. Thon by 35 
evene-lyke oanses enbeTiesst the sowles 
and the lasse lyves, and, aUinge hem 
he3^ by lighte oartes, thon sowest hem 
in-to hevene and in-to erthe ; and whan 
th«y ben oonrerted to thee by thy be- 40 
nigne lawe, thon makest hem retome 
•yein to thee by ayein-ledinge fyr, O 
&der, yive thon to the thought to styen np 
in-to thy streite sete, and graonte him to 
environne the welle of good ; and, the 45 
lighte y-founde, grannte him to fiohen the 
olere sightes of his corage in thee. And 
acaterthon andto-breke thou the weightes 
and the doudes of erthely herinesse, and 
shjme thou by thy brightnesse. For thon 50 
art cleemesse ; thou art peysible reste to 
debonaire folk ; thon thyself art bigin- 
ninge, berer, leder, path, and terme ; to 
loke on thee, that is our ende. 

Paoex X Quoniam igitur quae tit 

For as moohe thanne as thou hast seyn, 
which is the forme of good that nis nat 
parfit, and which is the forme of good that 
is parfit, now trowe I that it were good to 
shews in what this perfeccioun of blisful- 5 
nease is set. And in this thing, I trowe 
that we sholden first enquere for to witen, 
yif that any swiche manor good as thilke 
good that thou hast diffinisshed a litel 
heer-bifom, that U to Beyn, eoverein good, ic 
may ben founds in the nature of thinges ; 
for that ve3^ imaginacioun of thought ne 
decejrve us nat, and putte us out of the 
sothfastnesse of thilke thing that is sum- 
mi tted unto us. But it may nat ben ij 
deneyed that thilke good ne is, and that 
it nis right as welle of alio goodos. For 
al thing that is cleped inparfit is proeve<l 
inparfit by the amenusingo ol perfeccioun 
or of thing that is parfit And therK)f ac 
comth it, that in every thing general, yif 
that men seen any-thing that is injiartit, 
certes, in thilke general ther mot Iwn 
som-thing that is parfit ; for yif so bo that 
perfeccioun is don awey, men may nat 'j 
thinks ne seye fro whennes thilke thing 
is that is cleped inparfit. For the nature 

C0oef6iue- (;0ooB ill : ^rost X. 

orthioiiva He tnnk nat hir beginnings of 

tliln^cu iimBiiiued and jnparfit, Imt it 

JO iiroTBlBth of things* that bcoi itl hoolo 

tmllcreit thingo*. an J in-to tbiogei empty 
and wHh-outan frat Dul, ax 1 have 
y-«bewed n lilal hor-bifom. tb»t j-if tber 

35 be a blisfuIiieHe that be froola and vryn 
Knd inporfit, thsr may na man ttunte that 
Uier nil aoiii bliafnlneBsa that is sad. 
>t«defaat, and paitlt.' Soax. ' This is 
eoncludod," quod I, 'feiroely and aotli- 

40 fasUx.' 

'ViitomjiAis. ' Bat couidere alio,' qnod 

L vbam 
hnbiteth. The c 


C4<iic«ita of los coTogaa of men proevf 

45 and graaotetli, that god, princo of aUe 
UiingBi, is good. For, so as nothing ne 
may bun tbooght b«ttrs than god, it ma; 
lut ben donlud (banno that bs, th«t 
nothing nifl bettre, that hn nis good. 

$□ CorUa, resoiui shcireth tluit god In bo 
good, that it prOTBlli by vertay fareo thftt 
parEt good it iu liim, Fiw yif god nO is 
■wich, he ne may nat b«n rriucB of )Ula 
thinges ; for c«rtc« som^iung po«aesaing 

55 in il-scif par£t good, sholds ben more 
worthy than god, and it aholde wmen that 
tbiike thing were first, and eldor Uian 
god. For wa han shewed aportl; that 
all* thingei that ben parflt ban first or 

6athlnges that ben nnpnrfit; and foi^tby, 

pmoee ne go tist a-wey with-oate an onde, 
wo owen to graonlen that the aovBrain 
god is right i\il of ■oTeroiu parfit good, 

Cs ^d we han eatablissbed tliut the soverein 
good is vBimy blisfninosse ! thonne mot it 
nedcs bo, that vermy blisfnlnesae is set iu 
toverein god.' 'Thij take I we),' qnod 
1, ' no this na nay nat ben withseid in no 

TO manora,' 

' fiat I prpyt^' qnod she, ' gee now bow 
tLoQ mayst proeven, bolily and with-ont« 
coRtpcionn, Ihia that I bave eeyd, that 
tha loverGin god is tight fnl of »o»orein 

75 good,* ^ Id which nunere ? ' quod L 
' Weneit tbon angbt,' qnod she, 'that 
tl^ifl prince of alio thinges bave 3~'take 
Ihilke aoverein good auy-whei ont of bim- 

tbnt he is tal, right as thoa mi^test & 
Ibinken tliat god, lliat bath blisftilnaise 
in him-esif, and thilko blisftilnMse that 
is in liim, weren dyrors in snbstaanoe f 
For yif thoa wens that god havsTsooiTed 
thilke good ont of him-self, thon mayjt S; 
wane tbat be that yaf Oiilke good to god 
be more worthy than is god. Bnt I am 
bi-knowen and oonfttuie, and that rigfat 
dignelj*, that god is right worthy abovon 
alle tblnges ; and, yif so be tbat this good gt 
he in him by nature, bnt tbat it is dyven 
fro him by weninge retonn, iin we apvko 
of god prince of oilDtbinges : foigne who- 
so feigtio may, who was be that Iiath 
ponjoignodthiaedyreree thinges to-giderf 9i 
And eek, at tha laata, see wal that a thing 
tliM is dyreis troio any thing, that tJiilka 
tiling uis nat that same thing fro which 
it is ondoiMonden to ben dyrers. Tlianne 
(cilweth it, thatthilka thing that by liis ic 
mttora is dyrers fro saverein good, that 
tliat thing nia nat aovereia good ; bat 
certes, tliat were a fBlooon* oorsednease 
to tbinken tlial of him tbat nothing nil 
more worth. For alwoy, of alle tbingos, lo 
the natore of hem ne may nat ben bettre 
than hie biginning ; for which I may 
conolnden, by right verray resonn, that 
thilke that is biginning of alle Uungei, 
thilke aame Uiing is sorenin good in his ■ r 
aubatannoe,' 'Thoa bast seyd xight- 
fnlly," qood I. 

' Bnt wohangranntod,' qnod she, 'that 
the soTerein good is blislUiiBSie.' ' And 
that is eootb,' qaod I. ■■ 

' Thanue,' qn'id ahe, ' motan wa nedes 
graniiteu and tonfeiaen that thilke aame 
aoverein gmid be god,' ' Cartas,' qnod 
t, ' I ne may cat dsnye ne withitonde 
the reeonna pnrpositd ; and I see wel that la 
it foIweUihy ■trengtheof thepremissat' 

'Lohe now," qood ahe, 'yif this ba 
proved yit mora fernuly thus : tbat tber 
DO mowon nat ben two soveroin goodes 
that ben dyverse amonge hem-wlf. For ii, 
certes, tha goodes that ben dyverse 
omonges bem-self, tbat oon nia nat that 
that other is ; thanue ne may neither of 
bem ben parSt, so as either of bem Ink- 

other. Bnl that tbM, nis luit 
pftrlSt, moil tnky aatn apertly that it nia 
nat HivorDin. Tb# thiogaa, IhnTins, that 
bou Kivercinly goods, ne mowen by no 
w«jr ban itjrrerM. Bot I have wel oon- 
115 ciitdeil Ehftt faliflfiilnease nnd god ben the 

dirinitM.' 'Nothing.' qaod I, -niii 

man MOthlMM tbui this, ne maro fBrmo 

■V> I7 naoDQ ; d« b more worthy thing tbu 
gsd m>y lut ben oondiidsd.' 

' Upon thiM IhingM thaniiB,' qood ahe, 
' richt •■ thiu B«inatnani, whui they 
hao ihewad hii proponciDiins, ben front 

■45 to laingen in thingea thst they cUpen 
ponmiM, or dteUiracioiint of /ormlde 
OiMpHt right 10 wole 1 yoVB thee hear lu 



why, foi M ma-h* u by the geliuge 

P htiafaliiMM men bon nutked bliil'nl, uiil 

btofnliiMM u diTinitee : thuioe ia it 

nuiii'en snd open, that by thegetingsof 

divinilee men ben nuked bti^fol. Bight 

■■ by the RBtinge of justice (Ihoy bon 

\S mAked jiutt nnd hy the getingo of u- 

(liaBoe thoy ben suked vy** 1 right », 

nadca, by tha wmblahla rsH>nn, whan 

tlwy han ffeton divinltee, they hen makod 

Thajiae ia aveiy btiinil man 

1 bat eartM, br oatnn, ther nil bat 

; but, bf the partioipMuoan of 

1 let na deatnrbeth 

isg that Ihar ne ben nunye goddu.' 

I ii,' qood I, 'a fair thing and 

I, otepe It M Uion wult ; be it 

la or eocoUaria,' or mada o/connaie 


>Ottt«a,' qood ihs, ' notliing nis byror 

tt ia Uia tbin( that hy nwaon gbuldfl 

I7D Ian added to thiie fonoids thinges.' 

' What thing?' qnod I. 

' Uo,' ijaml ihe, ' ■■ it semotlt that bli»- 
ftilnaMB oonteneth many tbiagea. it ware 
fvr lo wittm whether that alia thiie 
•;S tbiogoa maken or conjoignen ai m maner 
Indy of bliifiilncua, by dyvenitea of 
partlM or of mainbrai ; 01 ellsa, ylf that 
■Bj af all* thilka thingeabeswinhthatit 
•compIla*ba by Uiu-aelf the m1i*taiinc« of 
'*" bU«(Ulia*M,aothatallothueotlmthiiicn( 

ben referred and brooght to bliifnlnesea.' 
that Ji (0 Kyn, bm to Ihe thttf of bfin. 
'I wolde,' qncd I, 'tliat thou makedost 
me oleerly to nnderslondo wliat than 
aeyst, and that thou recordedeat ma the ij 
foneyde thingea.' 

' Have I nat Jnged,' qQod lbs, ' that 
bliifalneise ij good ' ' ' Yii, forsotbe,' 
qaod t ; ' and that lovareia good.' 

' Adds thiuiDe.' qnod slie, ' thilka good, ic 
that it maktd blin/ulnaK, to alle the for- 
eeide thiugaa ; for tiulke auue blisfol- 
neaaa that ig demed to ben Borerein 
■offliaTmoa, thilka aelve ii uvDrein power, 
aovetein reverence, aovereiu deemeBoar i< 
noAIoas, and Bomreiu delyt. ConclnBla. 
What Kyst thou thanne of alls lliiie 
thin gee, that 1> to fsya, mifiaaanoo, 
power, and tbii othre thingei; ben they 
Ihanna aa (nembrei of blisfulncMo, or ben n 
they roferrad and brought to Boverein 
good, right na alle Ihingea that ben 
hrongbtta thachief ofhem?* * londor- 
atonda wat;' qood I. 'what thoo par- 
poaeM to ■oko ; bat 1 daaini for to herkne » 
that thou ihawa It me.' 

'Tak now thiu the diicreoionn of thi* 
qnestiDo,' quod aha. 'Yif alle thiao 
thingOB.' qnod ahe. 'wvrea membrai to 
felioileo, thnn werea th^y dyveise that >i 
oon from that other ; and awioh ia the 
nature of partioa or of membm, that 
dyverae oiDmbrea conipoiinen a body.' 
' Cert»,' qaod I, ' it bath wel hen abewnl 
heer-bifiirn, that alia thiae thingaa ben >i 
alia D thing.' 

■ Thnnna ben they none membm,' qnod 
ebe; 'for eUaa it iholde aeme that blii- 
falnei» went «anioign«d ai of on tncni' 
bra allone ; bnl tlist ia a thing tliat may ■: 
nat be don.' ' Thia thing," quod I, ' nii 
nat doutoaa ; Imt I abyde lo barknan tha 
remnanat of thy quoatioon.' 

• Thii ia open and clear,' qood aha, 
' that alle olhro thingaa ben roterred and i: 
broufbt to good. For therefore la aaM- 
■aunoe requered, for it ii darned to ben 
good ; and foithy ia power reqnarad, (hr 
men Irowen also that it ha good ; and (bia 
aama thing mowen we ihinkon and con- »i 
jeoten of rereranoo, and of nobleaae, and 

eottiiius. Igo^i ni: Qntfrt X. 

B'nf [lal^ Thaana i# lovorein giMd the 
I* uid tbs cause of al tliHt kaglitQ 
■boti desired ; for-wb; tliilke thinfc that 
B vitli-holdeUi no good in it-solf, ne ssm- 
blkOQoa of good, it ne laay imt wel ia no 
tnsnere bo de«ired na raqnored. And th« 
contrariB - for tliogh tliat thingeB bf kir 
nutiira no ban tint goode, algiitea, yif men 
340 vena tiaat ben goods, fit b«n they desired 
■fl thongh tb&t they woran vamkyliche 
eoode. And therFor la It that men 
oughten to wane hy right, that boontefl 
ba the Bovarein fya, and the canM of alle 
14s tbe thingoB that ben to requeren. Bat 

reqnoron any thing, it semoth that Ihilka 
■ssie thing be most deiired. As thm ; yif 
that a wight wolda lydcn for «<ue of 

jjn hele, he ne daairath nst ed niochel tho 
moeringo to lyden, B> the effect of hia 
hele. Kow thanne, ain that alle thlngsi 
ban reqaered for the grace of good, they 
hb ben nnl 1! mired of alia folk more 

2S5 thanna the Bame good. Bnt ve han 
granntad that bliflfnlnesAa is that thing, 
ibr whiche that alle thise othre thingcs 
ben desired; thuina is it thas : thnt, 
certes. onlj- blisfuinesao ia reqaered acd 

•6oda«ir«i. By whiche thing it ahowoth 
eleerly, that of good and of blUfolnesse is 
al OOD and tlie same nbstannco.' * I see 
nat,^ qnod I, ' wharfore that men miglit«n 
dieoordeo in this.' 

965 ^And we ban shewed that god and 
vermy bliahilnoase is al 00 thing." ■ That 
Is sooth/ qnod L 

thnt the sabstaance of god is set in thilke 
le good, and in non other plane. 



ei pariter ueiiile capli. 

O (xnaeth alle to-gtder now. ye (hat ben 
y-cangbt and y.bounde wilh wikheda 
cheynee, by the dscsivable delyt ofonholy 
thingas anbabitlnge in yonr Ihanght ! 
5 Haet shal ben the reste oT yonr labonn, 
hear ia the hnvene stable in peyilble 
quiets ; this alloDO is lbs open refat to 
nreaoliss. Closa. nit it to Ktn, Oat 
IM lliat btn tirmbnd and dtixhied with 

icortdily nffietiount, tomeUt now in Ihia 
tOBfrein good, l*al it god, Umt It r^fiu to 
Item <*o( tuolen eemfn W Mb. TbMm. 
Alle the (hinges that tit river l^gns 
yavath yow with his goldeno gravailea, or 
dUsb alle the tbingei that the river 
Hennas yeveth with hia rede brinke, or 
that Indoa yevelh, Ihat ia next the bole 
party of the world, that mcdlath tbs 
grane sUnea with the whyte, ne tholde 
nat oleeran tbe lookinge of .vonr thought, 
bnt hydan rather yonr blindo corages hir derknesse. Al that lyhath 
yow heer, and excyteth and moereth yonr 
tbongbtei, the etthe hath norisahed it In 
hisa lowe eayes. Bnt the shyninga, by 
whiohe the berene is goronied and 
whennes ho bath his strengthe, that 
oschaath the derke oTerthrowinge of the 
SDwle ; and who-eo may knowen thUke 
light of blisfnlnasse, he shal wel seyn, 
that the whyte be: 

nat cUet,' 

pROBi XL Amtntlor, 


Soect. ' I MBsnle mo.' qood I ; 
alls thisa thinges ben strongly bonnden 
Willi right ferme resonns.' 

Philoaophie, ' How mochel wilt tlion 
preyBen it," qnod flhe, 'yif that thoo 
knowa what ihlike good is?' ' I wol 
preyse it," qnod I, ■ by prys with-onteo 
cnde, yif it shal bityde me to knowo aim 
to-gider god thnt is good,' 

' Certes,' qnod she, ' that shal I do thee 
by Terray resoon, yif thnt tho thingoa 
lliat I Iiave cODoladed a litel bor-bifoni 
dwellen only In hir first grannting.' 
■ Thoy dwellen gtaonted to thee,' qnod I ] 
nit It to iq/n, Of •cAo idlli: I gravnle Iby 
/orteidt concltitiovni. 

' HaVB I nat shewed thee,' quod she, 
' that the thinges thnt ben reqaered of 
mnny follies ne ben nat veiray goodoe ne 
pOjDte, for they ben dyvcrso that oon fro 
that othre ; and bo as ecJi of hem is lak- 
kinge to other, they ne ban no power to 
bringen a good that is fnl and absotat 1 
But tbanne nt erst ban UiT verray goml 
whaano they ben gadercd to-gider sUs 

(geetftiue. (goofi ui. fpvost xi, 

i]L-tA o fcirmo And m-io oon vitkin^e. » 
Uiut Uiilko thing thnt is (nffi^kimcit, 
Uuike same be [xiwar, and reTerenve, nnd 
iioblHH, uid mirtbe ; and fonotbe, bnt- 

)i> Tif kilo tbise thinges ben olle non Mine 
thing, thc7 ne bui nat vberbr tbut tbe; 
minran ben pnt in the nunmbar of tbingan 
th*b onght«n ben reqnered or doBired.' 
' Lt is flbevedt' quod t; ^nebep^n»y 

i3 thor no nun dcpnten.' 

< Tha thingxa thanne,' quad she, ' thnt 
U ben no goodM wbuin« they ben dy- 
Term, KOd irhnii ihty heginnea lo bsn 
alle oon tbing Ibonno ben they gvodva, 

40 ne eomth it hem iiiLt thwuiB br the 
gvtlDge of nniteij, that they ben nuked 
goode*?* *8o it Bemeth,' qnod I. 

^ Bnt ftl thing that is good,* qnod sho, 
'gnnnttit thou that it be good by tha 

4J purtinipacionn of good, or nof 'I 

gi&Dnt« it,' qdod L 

■Thiuine most thon grannten,' qaod 
ehe, ' by semblHblo rsBonii, that oon anil 
good bo 00 same thing. For "f thinfru. 

S> at vbiohe that Iho effect nia nM natnrelly 
diTsne, nedos tbe Bubstoaes mot bo 00 
aame thing.' ' I ne may nat dcaiye 

that,' quod I. 

' Bait thoQ nitt knomm ttet,' qnnd >he, 

L< ' that al thing that is bath so longo his 
dveUlnge and bi« snbatannce as longe as 
it is m>n ; but whan it forlet«th to ben 
"in. It mat nedea dyeii end oommpe to- 
pderr' ' Inwhicb Dumere ? ' quod T. 
^> ' Bight as in besl«a,' qnod ihe, ' whan 
The Boiwle and the body ben conjoigned 
in oon and dffellen to-gider, it ia cleped 
febeast. And whan hirimitee isdestroyed 
Vy the diaMVerannoe of that oon &om 
^ that otbpT, than aheweth it wel that it is 
• ArA thing, and that it tiia no lengar 
DobeeM. And tlia body of a -wight. wLyl 
II dwelleth in 00 forme by oonjnnoeionn 

yif the 
a of tlia body ben so dovyded and 
fi fro Mint o(*w. that 
t«, the body forleteth 
a that it was bil'om. And, who-so 
Ikiogca, ba ibolde Ken that, witb-ont« 

a, every thing is 


it dysth and periiahath.' 
' Wban 1 consider*,' qnod I, 'manyeft 
thingoa, I aee non other.' 

'Is ther smy-tliinK thanne,' qnod the, 
' that, in as mocha as it livelh natarelly, 
that forletoth the talent or apjieij't of his 
beings, and deslreth to eooie to death and Sj 
to compeionn?" 'Yif I oonsidere,' 

qnod I, ' tha lieeste* that han any maner 
nature of wilninge and of nillinge, I ne 
Bnda no bae«t, bnt-yif U ha oonstreined 
fro with-onte fttrth, that forleteth or 91 
despyseth the entencionn to liven and 
to dnran, or that iToIe, hts tbankes, 
hasten him to dyen. For eirery beeit 
travaileth him to doffenda and knpe the 
■BTBoionn of his iyf, and eschneth deMh 91 
and destracDionn. Bnt oertes, 1 doota 
me of herbes and of trass, that ti le teyn. 
Oat I am in a douM nf Itairie lAinffiu et 
herbfi or trtei, that no han no fclinge 
Bowles, M nn nalurrl ii!jrJ,-in(7M tun-iKne to k 
appetyUi ai btilet Aon, ti^htlher Oli-u han 
appeti/i to dictllai and to dHren,' 

■ CertM,' qnod she, ' ns the^uf thar 
thee nat doote. Wow luko np-on thisa 
herbet and thiee trees ; they wexen first it 
in Ewiohe placH as ben covenabin In hem, 
in whiohe places they no mowen nat sons 
dyen ne dryen, as longo as hir nattiro 
may doffenden hom. Tor som of hem 
wBsen in faeldes, and earn in moon- 11 
taignes. and othre waxen in mnreyi, and 
othre eleven on roohes, and lomme waxen 
plentivons in anndes; and yif that any 
wight enfofCB him to heron hem ia-to 
othre places, they weien dryo. Tot ii 
nature yeveth to every thing that that 
ia convenient to him, and Iravnilelh that 
they ne dye nat, as longe at they han 
power to dn-oll™ and to liven. What 
woKow leyn of this, that thry drawen 1^ 
alle hir norisahinges by hir rotes, right 
lU they hadden hir monthiis y-plonnged 
with-in the erihes, and ehedcn by hir 
maryes hir wode and hir Inrlc? And 
what woltow aeyn of this, that thillce r: 
thing that is right soflc, as tho mnrye in, 
that is alwey hid in tha aete, at with- 


(|foet^u0. q^eeS tn: pcMt xi. 

inne. and thut U dafmided tl-o with-cmtc 
by t.lia atedoTastDeBsfl nf wods ; and ttwt 
« bulk u put ■jrein* the des- 
[Uice of the bereno, u » dcfciidDar 
might; to inOren harm? Ajid tbtu, 
c«rtes, mayitow vel aeon bnw greet it 
the diligence of uittaro ; for »Uo ihingvg 

^ renovBlsd and tinpliishea hem with >eod 
y-moltipl^ed ; ue thcr uia no ouw tliitt ne 
■wot *ol thnt thsy no ben right «g 
« fonjodcment and edifim, for lo dnron 
n»t only foe n tyme, hot right as tor 

[o to dnron porduiablybygBneracioon. And 
the thingea Mk Chat men wenen ne haven 
none boitIm, ue dBairo they nnt ech of 
hem by semblable I'eKmn to kepon that 
U hirs, thai ii M («vn, llial £) aconlitigt lo 

IS Ur nalurt in rotutriiKicun of hlr bdngt 
and endnringe f For wlicr-for elles beretli 
lightnease the fluumbea up, and the 
veighto prcsieth tJio ortho a-doun, but 
for aH moche oa Ihilka plaooi and thilke 

JO moeringM ben crrvonablo Ut oTerioh of 
bom 1 And fonotbe evoiy thing k«peth 
thilke that ia acordinge and pmpro to 
him, right oa thingee that ben Dontrariei 
aad enemya carompen hem. And jit the 

5j harde thingea, ne atonoa, elyven and 
IwldoQ hir partiea to-glder rigbt fatile and 
hardo, and deffondon hem in withBlond- 
inge that they no departs nat lightly 
B-twinno. And the thingea that ben 

V> aoRe and fletinge, lUI is wat«i and eyr, 
Iboy deparlon lightJy, and yeven place 
to hem that broken or devyden bom ; 
but uatheleii they retomen aone ayoiji 
in-4o the same thingea ho vhennea thoy 

^5 ben atraced. Bnt lyr fteeth and reftisoth 
al devtsioDn. Ka I ne trets nat hoer 
now of willkil moevinKas of the aowle 
that la knowingOi bnt of the nntorol 
ent«iicioQn of tbiDgea, as tbas: right as 

•o we iwolvia the mete that we reccivon and 
no thinks nat on it, and aa we drawen 
•mr breeth in alepingo that wa wite it 
nat whjle we ilepen. For cartes, in the 
be«at«a, the love of bir livingea ne of bit 

'5 beinget no comth nat of the wiluingea 
of the lowle, bat of the biginningea ot 
satiiTe. For oer(«i, thomgh oooatrein- 
)nc< oaoaea, iril dMiretli and ombraoeth 

fol ofte tyme the death that natore 

dethi tlua I 

: thai 

IV bai (onttregned m, by a 
caiae. CMC Am U>iI Aainlh and takttk the 
daUh ukJck that nature haleili and drtd- 
*th fill tore. And aomtyme we aeeth 

the contraiye, an thaa : that the wil of 

■ wight deetorbetb and constroynetb that 
that nataro doaireth and requereth al- 
wey, r^at li U> («ir'ii tl>o werk of genera- 
cinno, by the whicha genemcionn only 
dweUotb and ia suatened tbo long dora- 
bletee of morUi) thingea. And thai this 
charitee and thia love, that eveiy thing 
hath to him-aelf. ne comth nat of the 
moevinge of the Bowie, but of the en- 

of god hath yeven to thingea that ben 
Creat of him thia, that jb afnl gret cAoaa 

desiren natarelly hir lyf ne longe aa ever 
they tnoweu. For whiob tbnn mayet nat 

drode, by no mmere, tbat alia the 
thingea that ben anywhere, that they ne 
requeren naturally the farme stableneoat 
of perdarable dwellinge. and eek the 
eachninge of deatmccioun.' ' Now con- 
fasse I wol,' quod I, 'that I aee now wel 
certoinly, with-onta dooloa, the tbingea 
that whylom wmeden nncertain to me.' 

' But,' qnod ahe, * tUiIko thing that 
deairath to be and to dwellen pardnrablj, 
he dedreth lo ben oon ; for yif that that 
oon were destroyed, certea, beinge ne 
■holde ther uon dwollan ti) no wight.' 

■ That 19 sooth,' qnod I, 

'Tbanne,' quod iIid, 'desirau alle 
tJiingea eon ! ' * I asaente,' quod L 

'And I have abewed,' qnod she, 'that 
thilko aamo oon is thilke that iagood?' 
' Yo, for Bothe,' qnod 1. 

< Alio thingea tbanne,' qnod aha. ' re- 
qniren good -, and tbilke good thanne 
mayst thon deaeiyvan right thna ; good 
la thilke thing that every wight dBairetb.' 
'Ther ne may be thought,' qnod I, 'no 
more verray thing. For either alia 
tbingea ben referred and brought to 
nought, and Soteran with-oute govomonr, 
despoiled of oon aa of hir propra heved ; 
or atlBS, yif ther be any thing to which 

nunna ufiydd ihe thtu : ' O my iii»T.' 
qQDd thfl, ' 1 hftre ^rct glxlnflOM of thee ; 

ijS for Ihou hMt fiwhed in thyn herta the 
miilJel loathfutneHe. Dial it la Kvn, the 
prikks ; but thigt thing ht^lb hea des- 
cOTDTfld to thee, is that thoK eaydest 
tlut thoa Kiitsst nst a liMI btr-biibm.' 

>4o ' What »u tliM V qaod I. 

> Tlist IhoQ De wiat«Bt nst,' qood she, 
' which WM tb* ecde of UiingsB ; and 
wrtM, tbst is the thing that every wight 
deaireth ; and for as mochsl u we hui 

I*} gwlend and (wmprehended that good i« 
ihiike tiling ttiat IidHiredofaUe, thanna 
mot«n va nedes oonfeasau, that good ia 
the fyn of alle ihingeo. 

Who-ao that aeketh aooth by a deep 
U»sht. and coveilaih nat in ban riecsired 
tv nA mls-weyM, lat him rollan and 
trmden with-ione him-setf Iho light of 
5 bla inward aighte ; and lat lum gadara 
BF«iii, enplyninf^ in-to a compu, tha 
long* iBiMviDgea nf hii VtoughUi ; and 
tat him lachfii his cnrago )ljat he hath 
vacloatd and hid in hit tieaan, al that 
11} lie r.<nn|iaa««lh or telceth fro with-onto. 
And thanna thilica things, that the lilake 
cl&adniif errttnr whylnm hadtlo y-cov(^^od, 
■bal lighlou mora eJurly llianne Phehna 
hiniHWlf na shynath. Qloaa, IVha^o 
'! ttvU «i«M(ka detp ffrmmde of raotk in hit 
Ikotifkt, and Bxil nut be dtariad bji fiittf 
ynpodcioimt lAal ffoon anit/ro tht trmUht, 
M lUn «( croniiH and t.,U* uUK-nm 
kltatH/IIUrntUirr and l^e pivprtUm a/lkt 
n lUmat aad lot Ua ^t e/ltanft smmina 
_ mmi rollai kit Ikvugtltt bg good itHbera. 
•am, pr Oal kt deme ; and lot km ttclun 
>< It Jlott, I^ natnnl priariplft 
t y^id wiiMn il-teif, nlU (A( 
n he imaeincth Ui btrt in 
otU tlu 

ouU-/,iHk. For oertes tha Imdy, In'iug- ,v 
Inge tlia weighia of roryatiuge, ua hath 
nat chaaed oat Df your thongiita al the 
cleemeMB Cf votir knomnge ; for cert«inly 
tha eeed of vooth haldeth and clyvath 
with-in yonr carage, and it ii awaked 3! 
and aicyted by the winde and by the 
blastea of dootrioa. For whaifor sllea 
daman ye of yonr owna wil Iha right«a, 
whan ye ben axed, hnt-yif ao were that 
the noiisahinge n/ nswim ne liveda y- «< 
ploonged in tha dvpthe of your herttt 


tooth of anu tiling Quit iwrv luvd. ^ tktr 
tten a rata of tootkfiut^att ihai vm n- 
pluunjr»l and kiA in naturtl fttiiai}t]Kt, tht u 
Whkht aouCA/mCfUMe tivrd irJIA-in Mr dtrp- 
HIM of tht OumghU Anil yit' so lie thai 
the Unaa and tha doctrine of Platu 
■ingeth aooth, al thatevary wight letuetb. 
ha ne doth no-thing ellaa llianne hot Jo 
recoidflth, as men reoordui tblngei that 
ben foryatao.' 

Pioai "It IT . nim <)70, Ptalanl, liviaam. 

Tbacne Mide I thus : ' 1 aeoida tne 
grelly to Platn, ior thou remombTHt 
and rnordaat me thiM thiDgea yil tho 
Be<:oiinde tjnie ; thtU it to ttyn, fint wban 
1 loflta my memorie hj the cnntagioui 5 
conjonccioou uf the l»Uy with theauwlc; 
an<l eftflonea allerward, whan I loete II. 
confoonded by the chargB and by tha 
hnrdone of my aorwe.' 

And thanne eaida iha thai: 'ylftbiia lo 
hilta,' qnod (be, ' Ant tho things* tlint 
thou ha>t graanlad, it ne aluil nat hen 
right fer that thou ne ihalt lemenibren 
thilka thing thai thnu eeyden that thm 
nijtartnat.' ' What thing I" ■|0"i L is 

' By whiche govaineiiient.' lood aha, 
■ that this world ii govamed.' • Ua 
ramembreth It wel,' quod I ; ' and I con. 
fiiaM wel that I ne wiate it naught. Bnt 
al-b«-it ao that 1 aee now from a-fer what •<> 
thoa iinrpoaast. algataa, I daeira yit to 
harkane it of thea more pleynly." 

'Thoa na waadeat oat,' quod aha, 
'a lital bsr-bifom, that wan iboldan 

in : ^reec xn. 

hat this mn-ld nil it<)Tem*4 hy 
' Cerles,' qnod I, ' ne yit ne doute 
i ii nanght, ne I nel armr wane that 
o dfriit« ; at ifAo KiCA, but I u»e 
'E thiT^ ffod goccmetk IhU mrld; nnd 

■hAl I 


ranght to this. This 
world/ qaod 1, ^ of so manye dyrcrse and 
(Vintrarians pju-tLoSt ne nughto never han 
hrn aasembled in o forme, bnt-yif Iher 

35 n«re con that conjoign^o an manya dy- 
vena thinges ; and the nune dyversitH 
of hir natiires, tiiat sn ilisconlsn that 
Don tm that other, inost« depnrteu and 
nnjoigneii tha thinges that hen onn- 

411 joigned, yif ther ne w«ro oon that Mil- 
tenbde that he hath conjuined and y^ 
boQDde. No the certein ordre of natare 
ne BholdB cat bringo forth bo ordenee 
moevingos, by plactM, liy tymea, by 

45 doingea, by ijiac*!, by qnaUtees, yif ther 
ne were oon that were ay stedafaat 
dweilinge, that ordsynede and diqwnwie 
thin dyversitees of mueTiDgoa> And 
thilka thing, what-«o-«ver it be, by which 

50 tliat alls thingei bon y-maked and y-l»d, 
I clepa him " gnd " ; that is a word that 
ii lued to aUe fulk.' 

Iliaiine seyds she: 'sin thoti feleat 
(Iitu thise thingsi,' qaod she, 'I trowe 

Si that I havB litel mora to done that ebon, 
mighty of welefnlnesse, hool and ooundfl, 
Tie see onaones thy rontroe. Bnt Utua 
lok«n the thiugoa that wa han porpooed 



6a seyd,' qnod she, 'that millUnanoe is In 
lilisfUnease. and wa han aeonled that 
god i* thilkasama hlisfkilneanF' ' Yis, 
fnrsothe,' qnod L 

'And tliat, to govoms this world," 

6s quod ahe, ' ne sfaal be nevsr han n^de 
of non help ft'o with-onte? For oIIhk, 
yif ha hadde nede of any help, bs ne 
ahoWa nat have no fnl mfflamnoa ? ' 
' Yis, thtu it mot nedes be,' qaoil I. 

7a -Thaaiie ordeineth be by bim-SDlf al- 
one alle thingcsV qnod she. 'That 
nwy nat be dencyBd,' qnod 1. 
'And I have shewed that god is the 

75 qnod l 

Tbanne ordoineth he alle thingM hy 
gnod,' qaod she; 'sin he, which 
tbut WD ban acordeil to be good, ^jvi 
alle lliiuges by him-aelf; and he is aa 
a koye and a store by which that the I 
edifice of this world is y-kept stable 
andwith^onteooronrnpingVL' ' t acorde 
Die greetly,' qaod I ; 'and I ap?reclveda 
a litel her-biforn that than weldest nr* 
thus ; al-be-lt so that it w?re by a thinn* II 

'I trowo it wrl,' qnod she; 'far, ta 
I trowe, thon ledost now mnre enlentifly 
thyne eyon to loken the vemy goodos. 
Bat nathelea the thing tbat I shal telle 9 
thee ylt ne shsweth nat lasse to loken.' 
' What is that ?> qnod I. 

'80 as men trowen,' qnod she. 'and 
that rightfnlly, tlvat god govemath alia 
thinges by the keyo of his goodneaao, 9 
and nlle thiae same thingea, as I hsva 
tangbt tbce, hasten hem by natorel en- 
tencionu In comsD In giwd ; tlier may do 
man doat«n that they ne ho governed 
volnDtariely, and that they ne converten i' 
hem of bir owne wil to the wit of hir 
ordenonr, as they that ben aoordingeand 
enclyninge to hir govemoor and hir 
king.' 'It mot nedea be so,' qnod I; 
' for the reanme ne sholde nat semeD ■' 
bhafal yif ther were a ynk of mi» 
drawingea in dyverse partioa ; ne the 
savings of obedient thinges ns shoUs nat 

'Thanoe is ther nothing,' qnod she, i 
'that kepoth his natnre, that enforoeth 
him to goon ayein god?' ' No,' qnod I. 

' And yif that any-thingenforcede him 
to with-stonde god, migble it av&ilen at 
the laate ayoins him, that wa ban 1 
grannted to ben almighty by the right 
of bliafulnasse t ' ' Cortea,' quod I. ' al- 
ontrely it ne mighte nftt availen him ' 

'Thanna is ther no-thing,' qaod the, 
'that either wole or may with-atosden 1. 
to this Boveroia good ?' ' ) trowe nat,' 
qnod r. 

' Thanoe is thilke the eoverein good,' 
qaod she, ' that alio thingea governeth 
strongly, and ordeynetli hem softely.' i. 
Thanne seydo t thna ; ' I delyte me,' 

(S^octStus. ^ooi III : (nicfre xn. 

^nod 1, * DMt only io tho enJe* or ii 
•nnina at the TasoaDS tliat ihaa boat 
mBdlnded uitl proeted, but Uiilko wordei 

n (liBt tfaou DHst ilalytan mc mocbe mare -. 
•o, iLt tba liut«, CkiIas that Bma'ymA 
randan grcte thiiigaa oughUa ben a- 
ibam«d of bem-anlf ; ' (Ikdf £t to a^V**! 'A-if 
iM /»(«* tAiU rrprtKaidtn tcikkedly the 

■ If Aiiig>« Oal louchm goiUtt* gmifrtuanKe, 
a* augliUii him oiKaiuit qT otir-ttt/; at 
t, Uat teyda Ud( god re/laelli vnlv tlie 
irrrlrtt of noi, ant w «nlrein<tcM not iV" 

(o 'Itioa ban wel heid.' qnod ihs, ■ the 
IkUa of the poatea, how th« gUoiit* 
•laaOMan the havena idili the gotldfi ; 
bat foraoUus tbt daboiiair Tonw tt/ god 
depoMde li«Di, ■■ it wu worth; : tluit fa 
45 tfi *'Vr <iaa'*vy«^'a "u ffiaunU^ at it %Btu 
■porMiF. But wilt thou that we joigoea 
tp-^dcd thilka a&ins raaonoa ? Far p«r- 
aTcntoTOi of twich fyaijcuioioiui naay 
atwtu) nil loin fair ipitrkla (it notb.' 
^ ' I>o.' qnod I. ' ■■ Ihoe liilc' 

' Weneat thon,' quod she. ' that poil oe 
ba BlniiBhty7 Mo man ia in donta of it,' 
'Cartaa,' qnod I, 'no wight ne donteth 
tt, rif bo ba in hii minds.' 
S 'DBtko.'qnod Bhe, 'that la mtmlghty. 
Ifcer all natbinK that ba tie auxy?' 
'TtiBt liaooth,' qnod I. 

' May god <lnn yvel ? ' qnod abe. ' May, 

femHIia,' qnod I. 

'•> 'TIutDna idi yrel nDtLing,' qnod ahe, 

'aln that he no niny not don yvel that 

may don all* thioKua.' ' Seomeit thon 

met' quod I ; 'or allat pI'faM "wu or 

dteiiBol fhou mt, that baat to vDven me 

Its «^tli thy rMouni Ibe hona of Dedalna, 

d that It is nnable to be nn- 

; thua Uint uthnr-wbyle anCrest 

. and olhci^whylo iaaat 

lat, ne fnldeat thon nat 

AT, Uj/rrptifacioano/^pordfaynniAaaT 

' l1 o«Tcle or aavtroninKB of tlie 

ISipUcit«« dnyna? For certaa, » litel 

1, whan tboa Ugnnne at bliafiil- 

\ ttMO wyOeat that it is aovirein 

f JQ (end I Bad aaydaat that U ii aei in •orerain 

fud ; and acyduat ibat sol liim-aslf i« 

•naraia (wd ; aud that nwl la thi foUe 

«ght n 

for wbI(>U thoa yave me k 
yin, Ikai it lo teyn. that ni 
iifnl bnt-yif be be gnd nla 

t thi 

forme of good ia the inbilannce of goc 

and of Uiafnlnesie ; and eeidest, tliv 
Ihilko Enme oon is tbilke ■ame eood 
lliiit ii roqaar«d aud desired of alle tbi 
kinde of thingos. And thon proevedott 
in diapntinge, tliat god govemeth all thi 
thingaa of the world by the governemenli 
of bonntee, and teydttl^ that alia thlngei 
wolen obeyen to him ; aud tevdat, tlial 
tbfl oatnre of yrel nia n<vtbingL And 
thiae thiogas ne ihewedeat thon nat wKl 
nona reaonns y-takan fro withninl*, bnl 
by pnwvai in cerr2«nnihooDilich knuwau 
the whiaba proavH dmwen to bem-aal: 
hir feith and hir acunl, evaricb of bam 

Thaiuia seyde abe tbna : ' I ne ■oam< 
thee DHt, m pltyr, « dacriua thtt; bnl 

I hAVd ibewcd tfaee Uia thing that Ii 

gn^tteat over alls Uiingea by the yijl ol 
god, that wa whylom preyeden. For tbii 
ia the fonne of the devyne anbatannce, 
that ia iwich that it no alydeth nat in-tu 
OQttareat Ibreina tbingeOf no ne racaivetb 
no atraunga thingoa in him ; bnt right 
aa pHnuEnidea aeyde in Qrtek of thillH 
dovyns aabatannoe ; he aayde tbna : thdl 
" tbilka deTyse mbalaiuioa tomath tb4 
world and the moavable oerda of tbincaa, 
whyl tbilke deiyne Babetaonca kepMh 
it-aelf with-onte moevinse;" thai it Ui 
njpi. Uiatilitanoeiiellnwter-mo,.aiiA yit il 
moewlA aUs eUn lA^vu. Bob nalhslsa, 
yif I bavo atirad reaonna tbat no ben nal 
taken fro with-onte the oompaa of thing 
of vbicb we trolao. bnt reaonna that bon 
biatowed wlth-in that cumpaa, tber ait 
nat wby that thoa ahuldtat merveilan ; 
ain thon ha«t lemed by the aentenM ot 
PUto, that " ned<» tba wordaa moten ba 
cnaiaea to tha tblngea o( wliich thay 


(gott^iua. ($»oS IV: IJJroee i. 

m>r nubibilsii bim fm the bondei oC tho 
hevj erth«, Thp poote of Trine, Orphiiu, 
S ihM whrlom hadde rig-bt greet tOTwe 
for the deeth <>t big wyf. aftor tbat he 
lindda maked, by his weeptr Boogec, the 
wades, niaerahle, to renneu ; and hadda 
niaked Ibe rivena to stondeD atille ; and 

to bodde raaked the hertea and the hind« 
to jai^BD, il[«de!e8. blr sydes to cmel 
I7OUU8, for lo tu^kntn III* Kmg* ; aod 
badde maked I3iat the hue Has uMagaib 
of the boondf, which tluit wu pissed hy 

ij hia BOD^ : to, wban the moate ardannt 
lore of hia wif brODde the ectrailes of Lis 
brsit, He the sonfces that haddon over- 

roagen hir Inrd Orjikevn, he pleTnode 
•o him of the hrfvene goddea 

nal to him ; he 1 

to him to Cha 1 

Aad there he lempreda liise 

blanndiuhlOKe amigei b; reaownings 

atreneea, and spuk nnd loag in wepiage 

35 nl that ever he hfldde rei>eive4l and Iat^ 

ntlliope the goddene { and he song with 

n# moohel as he mighte of wepLD^» And 

with as mocbe as love, th&t dgnblBcIo hia 

30 sorwe, mighte sera him aod teohea him ; 

KDd he oammoevede the helle, and re- 

qnerede «Jid biiooghle by swete preyere 

tbe lordea of wwles In bsUa, of reliuinge ; 

to t/ildtH tiirn hit try/. 

Oert«nit. the porter of holle, with hia 

\ fthlve hevedu, was cangbt and &I abnyst 

^ Jbr the newe aong ; aud the Ihrea god- 

.d vengflreaaea of fblonyea, 

1 the I 

wepem teres for pit«a. Tho ne ww nat 
the heved of Ixion y-tomaentad by the 
overtbrowingfl wheel ; ood Tantalna, that 
WW deitroyed by the woodnawn of longs 
tbixrat, despyseth tba fiodea to drinke ; 4 
tbe fowl that highte vollor. that etoLh 
the atomak or the gieer of Tltyna, la ao 
ftilflM of hia aong that it nil eten na 
tyren no more^ At the laate the lord 
Aad jnge of sowlea waa moeved to miHri- gn 
cordea and eryde, "we lioo OTarcomtn," 
qnod he i " yiva we to Orphena hia wyf 
to bere htm companye ; he bath wel y- 
bonght hir by his song and bii ditoe ; 
but we wol putte a lawe in this, and 51 
covenaont in the yiite : that i» lo »vii, 
that, tU he be out of belle, jlf he loke 
behindo Mm , that his wyf shol eomen 
ayein nnto US." Bnt what is he thai 
may ylve a lawe to loveres ? Love ia & 
a frretler lawe and a itrenger to him-aelf 


whan Orphena and hu wyf weren almost 
at the termea of the night, that ia to h^, 
at l/ie Uiate bounda of A^fle, Orphena £j 
lokede abakword on Enrj-dica hia wyf, 
and loate hir, and was d«ed. 

This (bble spartsiDeth to yow alle, wbo- 


sorwftil and aoiy, 

Explicit Liber terdna. 

thonght in-to the aorerein day, thai it (o jc 
teyn, to eUa-ROK of SDMrefn good, For 
who-w) that ever be so overcomen thai 
he flcrhe his eyen into the putte of heUe, 
that ii to teyn, icAo-«o mtti hii IhougUtt in 
erlMy UiiH0ai, al that evor he bath Ji 
drawen of the noble good ceteatial, he 
leaeth it whan be loketh the heUes,' tluU 
itloKyn, In-to love Ihingei nf tilt rrthe 


■Kosa I. ttte turn PhiUm^lita, d i fi iHa l4 

, nat ol-ontarly foryeten tho wepinge and 5 

I harta, forbrak the ontencionn of bir that 

'WaA>PkiIo«ophysluuldeaDn|ensaftelj' entesdedeyit to leyn someothratbingei. 

ailddeUtablytbsfurieidethiages,kepiltee I ' O,' quod I, ' thou that art gyderease of 

the digniiee of hir r>here and the welghte | VT^re,^' light ; the thinices that tlmn hnM n 

of hir wordea, I thanite, that na hndde wid me bidei-lo b«u 10 clere to mo and 

<g«l9tu>. IgMl IV: (tntlre I. 


n afaawinga by the devyns Inoking* of 
Imdi. and by thj ruoiUB, tlmt they na 
muveiL ban ovsrooDiDD. And thilka 

1.1 Uungua tliaC thou toldect me, ftl-be-tt so 
lliat t liKdde vhylom foryeuai ham, for 
Ilia sorwo at tha wmng that hmth ban 
don to me, yit nrnthelaa they ce weren 
aa* al-atitnly anknoven tn me. Bat thii 

K) Mma ia, uunaly, a right ereet eaiue of 
OV >Dnra, mi >* tha gWTcnuinr of thinga* 
it Baod, yif that yvalea mowen ben by 
■njr wayac; oralleeyif Ihatyralaapaeseii 
wilh-onta poniabmse. The whiohathing 

ij «oly, bow worthy it i< to ban wondrad 
«p«n. thtm coQsidBreat it wal thyself 
oaitainly. But yil to thia thing ther 11 
yil anotfaar thing y-joigned, more to ban 
wsnilrad op-on. For felonya ia omperoaar, 

^ aod flonroth fitl 0/ rithaaet -. and veHn 
nia nal al-only wilh-oQta medaa, but it 
ia caat under and fartradan nnder the 
bat of fBlDDODJ folk ; and it abyeth the 
Uvtncnta in nedo or rikkeda rdlaanes. 

)< Malla wbloba thingee that ni* no wigbt 
thai may marreyten y-DoOKh, ce com- 
pMna, that ivicbe tliiDge* bea doon in 
Uwragna of god, that alia thingos woat 
aad alia thingH may, and na wole net 

|o bat only goda thingBi.* 

ThMiTia aayda ihe tbna ; ' Cartea,' cinod 
aha. ' Ibat wars a greet marveyle, and an 
entMBhinge wltli-ooten ende, and wel 
mora hnrrlbla than alia monatrea. yif it 

I;e vBTCaa ihon wcneat; Hat li to acini, that 
In Iba right ordanea boae of ao moobel 

I that 

i vyl. 

aluiUon ban hoDonred and haded, and 

p til* praDioQa veaielea aholden ban da- 

fiHlIad and vjla ; bnt It nil nat to. For 

yif Ihu tbingat that 1 have concloded 

a llial her-birom ben kept hole and on- 

n»d. Uum ahalt wel knowe by the 

■I antorilen of god. of tha wboa regno 

I apcke, that cerlaa tha gode folk ben 

alwey mighty, and ihreirea ban alwey 

ffBt-eaat and fable; ne the Tycea De ben 

naTer~ino with-onta payna. na the vartaea 

III na ben nat wiib-onte made; and that 

Uiafalii«ac4 comen alwey to goode folk, 

and iufortoue comth alwey to wikked 

folk. And tboa ihalt wel knowe many 
Ihingea of thii kinde, that abotlen caaon 
thy pleinlea, and itrengthea tbea with 
Btedefast ladneese. And for thon. haat 
aeyn tha forme of the Temy bliifnlnaaae 
by me, that have whylom ahewed it thee, 
and tboa baat kaowon in whom blianil- 
neue ia y-sot. alio thingea y-tret«d that 
I trowe ben necaaearia to pntten forth, 
I ahal ihewe thee the way that sbal 
bringen thee ayein nn-to thyn bona. 
And I ihaJ ficchen fetheree in tby thought, 
by whiche it mny aryien In heigbte, so 
that, alia tribnhKionn y-don awoy, thint, 
by my gydlnge and by my path and by 
my aledoa, abate muwe retome bool and 
sound in-to iby contree. 

I have, forsothe, Bwii\o fetbores that 
mnnoanten thehelshtaofbevene. Whan 
the awifte thought hath clothed it'Self In 
tho fetheree, it despjieth the hateful 
artbes, and sormoonteth the tonndneue 
of the ipvta ayr; and It leeth tha elondea 
behiDdohiBbak ; and paafotb the haigbta 
of the region of the f^r, that eaohanfeth 
by the Bwiftamoerlugeof the flrmamenl, 
til that bo arayaeth him in-to tha faoueu 
that beren the atcrrea, and joynedi hli 
weyea with the sonne Pheboa, and felaw- 
(hipeth tho wey of the otde colde Satar- 
nua ; and he y-miiked a knight of the 
oleia Btarre: that it la teyn. that fka 
UtniitlX ii naktd gadda IwJpiU hu llu 
tekingt n/ troutht lo tomm to tKt wmrj/ 
tnuH'lH'to (t/ god. And thilke thoght 
ronnath by the cerole of the 1 

. nlKhi 

peinled ; tAat il 
tloudtla: Jbron nighia that ben cLHidtta 
If lemeth at Iha ftcvw uere iwio'eJ tcUk 
dtnwee inagtt of tlrmi. And whanna 
he bath y-doon ther enough, ha alial 
forlaten the lasla hevene, and he ahal 
preHon and wandan on the bak of tlia 
iwil\« finnomant, and ha shal bea makod 
parfit of the wonhipftil light nf gad. 
Ther hall the lord of kingM the eepti* 

(gott^titt. |$o»K IV : pnat u. 

oT hii iniKbl, and AtumpreUi th« govants- 
moaU of the wnrld, imd tbo thj'aiQga 
jngo of thlnf^sa, nahlu in hitn-salf. govor- 
netli liia *wlf\u cart or tnyu, Uial It to 

35 "VHi tAe cirettUr tHoepittffe of tfAd 9mne. 
And yif thy vij ledoth thee ayaln to 
tb&t th'Xi he bron^t tliider» thanna 
wolt thon laya now that that |g tha 
contrea that thon requeregt, o( wbicli 

40 thoQ ne hatldefft no miado : '' but new it 
remcmhrelli ma wol, haar was I bora, 
bear wol I fnatna my-dain'aa, hear woLe 
I Jwalla." Bnt jif thea lyketh thanae 
V, token on tha dorkneua of tbs ortha 

45 that thon haat forlatan, tbauaa ahalt 
than Saan that thiw falonoiu lynimt*, 
that tha irreoohada popZo dradetb, now 

Kollen ben ex^ed fln> thilka fayra oon- 

Paof> H, Tmn »go, Papa», inquam. 

^ Tluui wy<l« I tboi : ' owh 1 1 woodro me 

i tbon bihetest me no greto tbingai ; 

nac that thou ne mairst 

J perfonna that tboa bihateat. Bnt 

H I preye thoo only this, that thnn na 
tarya nat ta tails ma thilko thingei that 
Uioa b>M mosTed.' 

' First,' qaoi «ho, ' thon moat nadea 

knoven, that goode folk ban alvey 

10 (tronge and mighty, and the ihreires 

ban feblo and denrt and naked of nlla 

rtrengthoi. And of thiaa thingaa, certaa, 

everich of hem is deolarod nzkd ihovad 

by other. For go aa ^ood and yvel ben 

'S two ooBtrariei, yif ao be that good be 

siDdeiiut. thnn aheweth tbo I'obleasa of 

yvel al openly ; and yif thoa knona 

deetly tha IVelaaoasa of yvsl, tha itede- 

faitneua of good ia ktinvau. Bab fur as 

•o moohe a« the fey of my Bontance ahal 

ba the more farmo and halnnndaiuit, 

I will gon by that 00 woy nod by that 

^k other : and I wola oonferma the tbiugea 

^Ktluit ben pocpoiad, now on thia tyda and 

^Bqow on that Q^la, Two thingea Iher ben 

^T in whloha the elTact of alia tha dades of 

mankindo atandath, tliat ia to leyn, wil 

and iwwer; nnd yii' lliat oon of thiaa tvro 

■■jrlalb, Ihor uia nutliiDg- that may ba 

dan. For yif that wil btkkatb, thar nb tN 

ha wot nat don ; and yif power Ihyleth, 

the wil n<< bat In ydel and Want fop 

nangrht. And ther-of oometh it, that ylf 

thou aoe a wight that wolda geten that .15 

ha may naC galan, thou mayat nat donten 

that pi)wi<r no farleth him to bann that 

ha wolde.' 'This is open and olear.' 

qnod I ; ' na it may nat ben danayed in 

■ And yif thou saa a wight,' qnod aho, 

■that hath doon that lie wotda doon, 



n don it ( ' ' No,' qnod I. 
' And in that that eyety wight may, 45 
in that men may holden him mighty : 
at mlut teyOi, in to inoche at nuin it might]/ 
to don a Oiiag, in to utocliel men halt him 

that men demon him to be feble.' ' I 50 
eonfeam it wet,' quod I. 

' Bemsmbretb Uie«,' qaocl she, 'tbit 
I have gadarad and abawod by foneyda 
roaanna tliat nl tbo entenoionD of tha wil 
of mankinde, which that ia lad by dyverie 55 
Hndioa, bastoth to eomen to blisftdnesae ' ' 
' It remambreth mo wel,' qnod I, ' that it 
bath ban aha wed.' 

' And recortleth thee nat thanna,' qnod 
aha. ' that bliafnlneaaa is tbilke lame good & 
that men raqoarea ; ao that, whan that 
bliaftUneaae ia requercd of alia, that good 
nlao ia raqnered and daairod of alia?' 
■ It na recordetii ma nat.' qnod I ; • for 
I bave it gratly alwey fioabed In my 6j 

'Alia folk thanna,' qnod aho, 'gooda 
and oek baddo, enforcen hem with-oalo 

good?' "Tliia ia a verray conae- 70 
qaecDe.' qnod L 

' And certain ia.' qnod ihe, ' that by the 
gellOKe of good ben meny-maked goodef 
' Thin ia oerteio,' qnod L 

' nianne geten goods men tbat thajr 7,'i 
desiren ? ' 'So aemeth it.' qnod I. 

' Bat wikkeda folk,' quod aba, 'yifthey 
geten tlia good that they desiren, lliey na 
miiwo nnt be wikkeda '' 'bo la it,' 
'in.Hl L 8c 

IhiU ooa Hid that 
sthar,' quod alio. ' dMinn gooil ; buiI th« 
BOode folk gvton snod, ui<l nst Uis wikka 
tdk I tbuuie oil it nu douM that llio 

»S fvla (otk n« b(a mishlr nnd tbs wik- 
kcd« folk bon febta?' ■WLo-ji. thut 
•T«T,' quod I, 'doDUtb of thU, be an 
Bidy n»t cun»idero the oatiua uf tkiiiKoa 
a* tbo coBsoqiMinoB of i-Monns.' 

9) And over tbu qnod she, ' Yif tluit tlLsr 
W two lliiuge* lliaC h&a oo urns purpose 
It kindo, uid that can of hem pomieth 
•ad iMrfpnoelli thilko sama thing by 
iMtartjl officfl, and ibtt other ne nuy nat 

IS doon tlulke natnret offloa, but fulwecb, by 
otb»i msBBre tbiwoe ia conveusbtD to 
natnn, him (bat aoompliMhelU bis por- 
pDB kindaly, and yit he no aeompliwbeth 
nat hi4 Dvua pnrpo* '• wbether of thiw 

iQD two ietaflow tor mora mighty ? ' ' Vif 
iLat 1 osi^'actD,' quod I, ' that thou wolc 
wya, alcato ?'> I deciia tu lieikao ib 
numt plajuly of Uieo.' 

'Thm wilt nat ttuuiDa dsnajv,' qTiHl 

lo; iba, ' UwcUw moaveniaiitofguliiKeiiisiii 

DMU br kind* f ' ' So. funotbe,' qaod I. 

' Na thou na donleat nat,' quod aha, 
• that tkUke natural offica of gulnge Be 
ba the uflioa af foot r ' ' 1 oe doulo it 

' Tkanoa,' qiLod iha, ' ylf that a iv<f;bt 

ba mijtbtjr to Dioera and gnth apuo bis 

bat. and anothar, to whom, tbilkg natiuul 

flOleo of fset lakketh, eDfocvuth him to 

I nj fUD crepiDce np-oo iuM handea : whioba 

^E of tfaii« tiro onghta to baa balden the 

^k tnora mighty lo' right F ' ' Knit forth 

^B Uia romeaaBDl,' qaod I ; 'for no wight no 

^r iliialoth that he that may gen by imtnrel 

, tm oAco of f«t ne be more migbly than be 

that ne may nat.' 

'Oat the •overem good,' quod aba, 
"'--* ^ iTaiiaUcba pnrpoaed la the gode 
, (out and to badde, the gode folk Hkan it 
■ tir tiatanl ofBca i>f vartoea. and the 
" rei aoforeen hem to gBlen It by 
iB omeitjM n/trthtlg MtiiK*. whloh 
Bla no iwttirel office to gelco thilka 
•srarein good. TiowMtow that it 
jr other wjne » ' ' Nay,' qnod 1 1 

inge of Ihingea that I bave granntad; 
that nedea gode ttAk moten ben mighty, 
and ibnrwu feeble and unmigbty.' 

* Thou reiinest a-right biforn me,' qnod 
■be, ' and this ia tba jDg^inant ; thai ii In 
fryn, 1 jug* t\f thtt right atf tbLse lechea 
ben wont to hopcn t^ tyka /otl; tehan 
Ihtj/ operceyven that nature ia redrafted 
and withatondeth to tbe maladye. Dnt^ 
>r I see thee now al r»cly to the nnder- 
londinge, 1 ihal ihews thea more tbikko 
and eontinuel reeonni. For loka now how 
greatly ahewetb tbo feblene and in- 
Srmitefl of wikkede folk, thai ne moven 

ledelb ham, and yil almoat thilke uatonl 
entaneioun constreinetb bem. And whnt 
wm to dnum Ihanne o/thmnt, yif thilko 
nalnrel help hadde forletrn hem, tbe 
whiFh iurur«I htJp o/ inlmeiuvn gMh 
away bkfom ham, an<l is ao greet That 
Onnatbe it may ben overoome f Couidei 
Uikaua how greet dafnnte of power and 
bow greet fobloeM tlior ia in wikkede 
(alanoaafolk ; at tcke «rv», Me greUtr (Jkfn( 
that it tottiUd and fA< tifin Ml atmu 
jilultfd, a/ tlu Uane wiglit it As rAol 
eovrUttk, it nnd Tnay tuit uconjrfua**. Ani 
furlhg I'hiloi'phit irytti tAuf ty lovfrrir 
gaoil : Na alirewH ua roqneren nat llghtf 
uiodM no veyne gtuDee, whicha they nr 
Diay fulwan ne boldou ; but Ihay foilen oj 
thilke Bomme anil of tba beigbta a 


tliiae wrecchea na oo 
Hf lovmin guvd, tbe whlob they aufOrcei 
ham only to galen, by nigbtea and b] 
dayea; in tba getinge of whiflfa good tbi 
atrengtho of good folk la tal wel y^aaue 
For right ao aa tbon mightoat demen his 
mighty of goinga, that gootb on bia fee 
til ho migbta coma to tldlka place, fro thi 
wbicbe [dace Iher ne laye no wey forthe. 
to beu gun ; right eo moat tbon nadei 
domen blm fur right aiigbty, that getMl 
and ateyneth to the rnde of alle things 
thatbeu lodaaiia.bjyondethewhlobeendi 
tber nla nothing to deaim. Of Ihawbid 
povvr <^)f04Ml,^% men may conclude, tba 
tbe wlkked men aninen t.p l"i Iwrelna an. 
ulIuhI of alle xrvngih*. For-wby lot 

^oti^mg. qglAol IV: (peooe n. 

teten they mrtnes uiu falven Tyooif 
N>( it DBt flic that Uiey no koovBii n&b 

1S5 lhB8oodo»l> But whftt (king i» more feblo 
anil mora duti/ thanas is the falindnEue 
of ignomiacc ? Of elle> Uiay knowen fal 
wel wbichs tlungag that they onghteD 
folwe. but iaolierya »nii ooveityM over- 

■90 Ihroweth hem mistomed ; and oertes, to 
(lotb diitempariLiiiiDa to fable men, that 

Xs knowen the; nat thaiina wcl that th«y 
f-irletan the goml wiirnll}-, sad tamoii 

ipS tiem wilfnlly ta vjBoaf And in thia wysa 
thay ne forleten naC only to ban mighty, 
hni they forletan al-ootraly in any wyaa 
for to bun. For Ihoy that forletan tha 
eomnna fyn of alia thingea that ben, they 

Hxi forletea also tharvtith-al for to ben. A4id 

that this wora a merv^ila to layen ; that 

partya of man, na bau oat ne han no 

105 tieinga ; bat natheles, it ii do, and thua 
slant this thine. For they that ben 
ihrawsf, I deueya nat that tfaay ben 
■hrswea ; but 1 deneye, and aeya aimplely 
and plainly, that thay ne ben nat, na han 

110 no beings. For right aa thon mighWat 
aeyan of the canyna of a man, that it 
were a deed man, bnt thon na might«st 
nat aiinplaly oallon it a man ; to graunta 
r wbI foraothe, that vieiooB folic ban »ik- 

115 kad, bat I ne omy nat graantaD abaolntly 
and «ioi]jlely that they ben. For thilka 
Uiing that with-holdoth ordra and kepeth 
natnre, thilke thing is and hath beinge ; 
bat what thing that faileCh of that, tluil 

110 It to teyn. ihal ht JbrUleth nalmvl ordrt, 
be forletsch thUke thing that ia aet inhia 
natnre. Bat thon wait aoyn, that ihrevej 
mowan. Certes, that na deoeya I nat ; 
bnt certeB, htr power na deacandath nat 

315 of Itrengthe, bat of febleiu. For they 
moven don wikkadDBBiea ; ths whiche 
thay ne rnighto natdon, yifthey mighten 
dwellen in the forma and in the doinge of 
good folk. And thilke fovea ahevath nil 

iju evidently that they ne mowen right 
naoght. For ao as t haie gadered and 
proeved a lltol boF-bifum, ihat yvel ia 
naoght ; and ao M threwea moweu only 

but ahrewednfiMea, thia ooDcliudfnm ia 
at cIbbt, that sbrewea ne mowan right 1; 
naught, ne ban no power. And for aa 
mocha aa thou undenlanda which ia Iho 
atrangtha of thia power ofahraweat 1 have 
deflnisihed a litelher-biforn, that nothing 
ia 80 mighty aa aovaram good.' * That n 
lit aooth,^ qnod I. 

' And thilke oame soyerain good may 
don noD yvel ? ' ' Certai. no.' qnod T. 

' la ther any wight thanne,' qood she, 
■ that weneth that men mowen donn alia i.) 
thingea ? ' 'Ho man.' qnod I, ' bnt-yif 
hebeoDt of bii witto.' 

' Bat, cartM. ihrewea mowen don yvel,' 
qnod ihe. ' Ve, woliio god,' qnod T, 
' that they mighten don non !' *j 

'Thanne,* qnod aha. 'lo aa he tliat I* 
mighty to doon only but goods thingei 
may dr.-a alio thingea ; and they that ben 
mighty to don yvelo tliingei ne mowen 
nat olio thingea ; thanne ia it open thing 35 
and nuimfoat, that they that mowen don 
yvel ben of laeaa power. And yit, topniri-i 
■Air ccntcltuimin, thar belpath me this, Ibat 
I hava y-ahawed her-hifom, Ihat olle 
power ia to be nonmbrad among tbingei >6 
that men onghtan reqaera. And I have 
■hewed that alle thingea, that ongbten 
ben desired, hen referred to good, right aa 
toamanerhelghteofhirnatura. Dntfbc 
to mowen don yvel and felonye na may at 
nat ben referred ifl good. Thnnna nii nat 
yyol of the noumbir of thingea that 
oughte ben desired. Bnt alio power 
oDghte ben desired end reqaered. Than 
ia it open and clear that the power ne the >; 
mowinge of ahrewaa nia no power ; and of 
alle thise thingea it aheweth wel, that the 
goode folka ben certetnly mighty, and tha 
sbrewea dontalea ben nnmighty. And it 
ifl deer and open that thilke opinioun of 37 
Plato ii verray and aooUi, that aeitb, that 
only wyga men may doon that they 
deairen ; and ahrewes mowea haonten 
that baiQ lykctb. bat that they deiiren, 
that i» lo teyti, to comm U> KHtnign good, 3I 
tbey no ban no power to aoompliaiken 
For ihrawaa don that hem liat, 
n, by tho thingea In whioh tbey 
delyten, they wenen to ateine lo thllku 

Q^oefQius. (j§oo9i iv: (pvott in. 

tts good that ths; duire 
ntt to hUiliiliKBO. 

; but thay ne ^t«n 

Umit IT, ^uof uldct Mdm* etttoi. 
Wh&*> Ihttt tlia covortonrM of Lir 
*e)ra« Bjarniles nighto stropon of thUe 
prondo Icingfa^ thAt tljou B«^t aitten on 
boigli In lilr churos glitflrui^ in HhTnia^ 
f yiiTjtn. oavirouned with Horw^ Hrmiiroa, 
gitirariigfi with cmel moatb, lilawiii^ 
h]r vwdneHe of herlo, be ihulds aeea 
tt UiilkB lonlna bereo vith- 

iiit < 

I fal I 


ID iMAarra (onnciitcth ham In Uiat 
■jd* with gtedy Tanima ; imd troublttbls 
in, thst miseth in bim the fludea 0/ 
trtmbUnget, tiiroient«th np^ii that oilier 
Ig4» hir thought ; or sorwe halt baoi vor; 

ij Hul y^eanght ; or ilydinge and decaiT!ng« 
hop* tornientsth bom. And theifoTa, ten 
thoq Hot DOu heed, Mat ji (o t/pi, oon 
lynmnf, baran M manja tyrannyBi, 
thanae no doth thillco t j'Tknat nal t lint 

a ha deiireth, (in ha is eut dotm with to 

Psoas IIL yidenu Igliiir ^uaito In 

8 «i «tow nat thaana in bow gnte filthe 
tUaa ahnww ban y-wrapped, and with 
*hi<A elenrneua thiRsgood folk ahyneof 
In thi» ahovelh it wi-l, that to goode fulk 

nf all* tliinga* that ben y-dnoa, thilke 
UuDK. 'or which any-tbing ia don, it 
HiDisth Be by right that tbilk* thing be 
n the lEHla of that ; lU tbm : yif a man 
rHU>*th in the (tadie, or In lAa /orlatg, 
«tba oonue, thannelyth the meda in 
whioh he rennatb. And 
r* thawed that UiiAilneau it thilke 

|1 doon. Tbanae ia thilke unu good 

1 l« Ihs wurkes of mankinde 

tneJn; whkll meda ne 

o dlanverod Ita goud folk. Fui Bo 

wight ai by right, fro thanneB-forth thnt x 
him Ukketh goodnaise, no ihal ben 
Dlei>ed good. For which thing, folk of 
goode nuuioraa, birtnedeene roraaken hem 
nover-mo. For al-be-it 10 that ahrewes 
wei«n A0 wode as hem liat aj/eint goo^t 75 
/uti, yit never-lh6-le«M the corona of 
wyae men BbiU nst rallan ne faden. For 
foreine ihrewedneisa ne binimeth nat fn> 
the caragea of good* folk hir propra 
honoar. Bnt yif that any wight rejoyso jo 
him of goodneBBo that ha bftdda lake fro 
with-onte (nt icha leilh. yifUial axy uigkl 
hadda hit goodneMM 0/ any othfr mun fhan 
q/ Alm-K^ cartel, be that yaf him thUke 
goodniHae, or ellea aoia other wight, 35 
migbta binima it bim. Bat far ai mocha 
Bs to avBiy wight hia owne propr* bonntoa 
yeveth him hismedo. tbanne at ergt bLsI 
bo ikilcD of mede whan ha forleteth to 
ban good. And nt the lailo, lo ai alle 4a 
medea lien roqnered for man wenen that 
they b«n goods, who ia ha that wdMb 
deme, that be that ia right mighty of good 
were part-lea of mede? Aud of what 
mede abal he be gnerdoned f Certea, of AS 
right fkira meda and right grata aboveu 
all* medaa. ReiaBmbT* thee of tbilka 
□obla Gorolaria that 1 yaf thee a litel 
ber-bifom ; and gadar It to-gjder in thia 
msnere : — bo aa good bim-eelf ia blisAiU 91 
ueiae, Ihonna la it cleer and certeia, that 
Bile giwd folk ben maked bliiful for tbey 
buQ goode; and tbilka folk that ben blia- 
l\il. it Bcordeth and ia covcnable to ben 
goddoi. Thanna ia the mede of goode fi 
folk awiob that no day thai enpoiren it, 
ns no wikkednaasa na abal darken it, na 
power of no wight na shal nat amenuaBn 
it, thai l4 to teyn. to ben maked gnddsa. 
AndaLnit iaIh<u,Uul|Kwdene>iiuy>i<J(fi tti 
mvtr^me nf liir medi. vmtvt, no wyi man 
ne may doate of nndepartablo poyno of 
the ahrewea ; that U to mtyn. that thi ptgKi 
ii/ihrewa nn dtjiarltrh nal /mm hrm-mlf 
tKcp^mo. For si> u gooje and yval, and (>] 
I-eyna and medca ben contrarye, it mot 
cede* ban, that right m w* aean bitydan 
in gnerduon of gooile. that also mut Ilia 
ppyno iif yvel luiawHiy, by ilia eontmrye 
;iarly, to ahnwot. ilow Ihami*, tv h* Jo 

gaala folk, al-ao ia ■hrewsdnene IL4el 
tormsnt to skrewei. TUaiiiie, wbo-W thni 

^aver la entftcched nod defonled with 
ptjrne, hs ne duaCeth nut, tluC he 
•Dtwdlied and defonled with yya\. Yif 
■lire WHS tluuine wolen prvyiuin hem-self, 
t may it ismeD to hem thnt they hen with- 
oaten party of turment, lin the; ben 
So (irishe tlut the iilterca6a wiUedneHO 
(Mat li to tgn, iciklxdt lAAset, irhjfh 
it tht vUtratt anil CAe write tinde nf 
tkretBtinai) oe daftraleth no onteooheth 
□At ham only, bnt infectoth and on- 
85 venimeth hemgreMy? And ftlio look oo 
shrewes, that ben the oontraria party of 
gomia men, hovr greet peyne fblawaliipeth 
■nd folwDth ham ! For thoa hut lomed 
n litel hor-hifom, that al thing that ia 

Dun is good : thanne is tbii the cwnie- 
quencw, that It esmeth wel, that at that la 
libel hath l-singe la good ; tkU u to teffH, 
at who lefflli, ilutt btiitgt and unfE« and 
gg goodium ii al Don. And in this nianere 
it folwcth thanne, that nl thing tliat 
failath to ben good, it stinteth for to bo 
and for to han any beinge : wborfore it 
ia, that shreweB stinten for to ben that 

itu tboy weren. Bnt thilko other forme of 
mankindfl, that ia to soyn, the forme of 
the body with-oato, aheveth yit that thiie 
■hrewea weren whylom men ; vhai^for, 
whAn they ben perverted and tomed ijk-to 

ID5 inaliDe, cerlei, than han they furlgrn the 
nature of maakinde. fiat ao aa only 
boQotoe and proveaae may enhtiimdea 
evety man over other men ; theJiDO mot 
it nedea be that ahrowei, ^hich that 

■in ihrewedDene bath cast oat of the con- 
dioionn of mankiude, ben put onder the 
meHt« and the deeart of men. Thanne 
hitydeth It, that yif thou seest a wight 
tliat be tranilbrmed into Tjcee, thon ne 

1 1; moyat nat wene that ho be a man. For 
yif he be ardannt in nvaryce, and that he 
Iw a rnvinonr by violenoe of foreine 

ttiehewi. tliua ehalt seyn that he ia lyko 
to the wolf. .^ndj-ifbebefotancnuBDd 
irith-oate reato, and eianyae his longs 
to cltyiliKK^ than (halt lykcie him to the 

d yif he be a prevey amitoor 

y-hid, and rejoyseth him to ravieiha by 
wyloa, iboa slirvlt Beyn bim lyke to the 
fiiK-wbolp«L And yif be be distempre 1 
and qoakoth for ire, men ahal wen* that 
he bereth the corogo ofalyonn. And yif 
he bo dredftal and fleingo, and dredeth 
thingea that no ooghten nat to ben dred, 
men ihal boldon him lyk to the hert. i 
And yif ho be alow and natoned and 
laohe, he lifotb aa an aaae. And yif he 
tie light and nnatedefaat of oorage, and 
channgeth ay his gtndiaa, be is lyknedto 
briddee. And if he be plonnged in fonlo 1, 
and Dncleno Imturieg, he ia with-holden 
in the fonte delyeea of the fonle loveH 
Thanne folweth it, that he that forleteth 
boontoo and prowoaae, he forleleth to ben 
a man ; sin ho may nat poasen in>to the 1.1 
condicioun of god, he ia tomed in-to 

UcTu ILL Vela Naiiii duM4. 
Saiat Ou wind aryvede the eailes of 
Ulixtt, dak of (ho contree of Narice, and 
hia wandringe ahippes by the aee, in-to 
the ile thor-as Cirra, the fniru goddaaaa, 
dooghtor of tbo Sonne, dwolleth; that 5 
medletb to bir newe geatea drinkei that 
ben tonched and mnked with enchaiuit»- 
mentd. And aJlor that hir hand, mighty 
over the horbes, haddo ohannged hir 
geatee in-to dyverae manerei ; that oon of Id 
hem. ia covered hia faoe with forms of 
a boor; that other ia channged in-to 
a lyoon of the contree of Uarmorike, and 
hia nayles and hia teeth wexen ; that 
other uf bem ia neweliche channged in-to ij 
a wolf, and howleth wbaii he wolde wepe ; 
that other goth debonairely In the hone 
aa a tygre of Inde. Bat al-be-it ao that 
tha gudhed of iterturie, that U eirptd tha 
brid of Arcadia, hath had meioy of the M 
duke, biieged with dyverae yvelea, 
and hath nnbonnden him fro the peoti- 
lenee of his ostesso, algatea the rowers* 
end the marinerea hadden by tbia y- 
drawen In-to hir moathea and dronkeo '.■; 
tha wikkcde drinkea. They that weren 
woaeu awyti badden by thia y-olinnogod 

(gct^ioM. Q^Mft W : IproM IT. 

bir meto of bned. Tor to ct«n ■koniM of 
alt«s, Kna <tf hir limed ne dwFll«th witli 
JO bun hole, bot thsy hui loal Ilie mice and 
tba body i only hir thonght dmlleth with 
ban Kabta, thM wepoth uid biweileUi 
Um mranMnunu ehwiiigim^ that the; 
MtSnu. orarlight band <im irlho «vU, 

' It cbavHiratA U« bo(f vM ({/' 

le Iha herbe* (imrttii Be lien nat 
40 mic'>^- ^™ al-b«-it wo that ib*]r may 
Ghasnpin th* lime* ol the body, al^atea 
yil they may uM ehaange the hortea ; for 
witli-iiiiMiUy>-hid the atraigtbe and vigor 
of mtn, la the wcree torn <i/ hir heifn ; 


to ham tsnre mi^btily Ihiu Ou wmm of 
Circri : for vyCM ben to cruel that they 
pvroen and thom^h^panen the onra^ 
ft wWi-itmc ; and, UtefYi tbey no anoys not 
tha bod)-. Tit vytua wooden to doAvye smk 
Itr wowRda of thought' 

pMaa IV. Turn tgo, Tiittor, iiupiam. 

Than wyde I thns : ' I «oiifeue and am 
».ki>()wa a,' qnod I ; 'ne I no tea nat 
that man may nyQ. ai by right, that 
■hraww ne h«n channged in-to beites 
i by tha qnalilee of hir (onlta, al-be-it ao 
that tbey kepen j-it the forme of tba boi^ 
sfmaDhicda. But I noldenatofahnwea, 
of whirh the thonght cmel woodeth 
al-wery in-to deWmccionn of goods me», 

"I that it were leveful to hem to don that.' 
' f>ttea,' qnod ahe, ' ne is nii net lereint 
Iflham, M Ishal wel ihewe thee in coven- 
able plaoa ; bnt nathelee, yif eo wire that 
thilka that men wenen be Weftil to 

If Jhrvwei were binnmnn hem, m that Uutl 
M uttffkte not amj/en or doon hurm to goofU 
vtH, D«rtea, a gr««C partye of the p*yns to 
•br*wes iholde ben aUegged and nleTod. 
For al'bo4t ao that thia ne epma nat«UbIe thing, per-avenlnrc, to eome 
ftalb, yit moot it uedee be, that ihrewfa 
lien RIOT* wrOGChoi and Duuly whan they 
may dooa and perfhrme that they co- 

' Teilcn. than yif tliey mighte n 

plinhen that ihoy wveileu. \ 
be that it he wreccbedneaee ti 
don yvel, than is more wrtochedne«M to 
mowen doD yvel ; wilh-onte whiohenKnr- 
inga tha wrecched wil aholda langniohe 
with-onte effect. Than, ain that avaridie 
of Ihiae thlngM hath hia wrecchednuNs 
that u Co teyn^ fnl to don yvel and mmtiin^ 
til ilo» inicl, it moot Dede* be that they lien 
oonatreyned by three unaeliaeiHi, that 
wolen and mowtn and peiformen falonyaa 
and ahrewedneuea.' 'I acorde me,' 
qnod I ; ' bnt I deairs gretly that ihrewei 
losten Bona thilka nnselineKie, Ckut it to 
•em, that ahrewes warsn deapoyled of 
mowinira to don yvoL ' 

* So BhoUen tbry, ' qnod she, 'sonar, per- 
Bvantnre, than thon woldoet; or soner 
than they hem-eel [ went to lakktn moid. 
Iiifff to don i/B^ For thsr nie no-thitig ao 
litia LD soehorle bonndva of lliie tyf. iliat 
is long to abfd», nameliohe, to a conge 
inmortel ; of whiclie Bhrewce the gnia 
hope, and tba hye oomimningn of 
ahmwedsesace, i« ofta dustruyad by a 
eudeyu code, or thoy ben war ; and that 
thing ostablelh toehrowea the andeofhir 
alirewadnesab Foryif ti^t abrawednenaa 
maketb wrecohes, than mat bo nedea ben 
most wrecched that lengoat la a ahrewe { 
aldeimoat nnaely and caitifa, yif that hir 
ahrewadneaaa ne ware finiMhed, at tha 
lesta way, by the ontteroete deeth. For 
yifl have oonclndad louth of thennaeli' 
ncatM of ehrewedneno, than thewelh it 
cleerly that thilka wiwchadneeao is vith- 
oatan aade, tha wbieha ia certain to ben 
perdorabla.' ' Certea,' qnod I, 'Uiia 
cuncloiiinin if hard and wonderful to 
in«ti&le ; bnt 1 knowa wol that it aoordeth 
moohe to the thingea that 1 have grannted 

' Tboo baM.' qnod she. ' tha right *»ti< 
nuoioim of tbia; bnt whwi-aver wena 
that it lia a hani thing to aeorda bin to 
n Hmclauoun, it ii right that be ihewa 
tliat iome of the prwn 
eltea be meoi ahewo that the A 

(gottJJUB. (gooft IV : g)toee IV. 

if it b« 111 

■o, bntthut Ihe premiMeabon y-itr»uiite(t| 
ther U not yhy lie nhnlile bUma the 
BTgomont. For thli thing that I ghM 
t<Ue tliM DOW ne shal nut same Utae 

lu wondarfal : liat of the Chingea thut ben 
tnken also it is neoeMaria ; ' at uAo leyth, 
il/otwttii of IKal viMch tluU U pvrpoied 
HfOni. • What is thut P ' quod L 

' Cartes," qtiod (h*, ' tiat is, that thiae 

I5 wikked shrowea bon more blisfiil, or cila 
duM Krvechet, that nb;en the torments 
thutthayhun deaorvert, thanyifnopeyna 
of jniUoe tia duBtyaeda hem. Ka this ce 
aoye I nat naw, for that any man mights 

n thenka, that the maaer* of ahrewea hen 
cnri^ad anil ciuutysed by veciamioa. and 
tfaat they ben bronghblo tha right wey by 
the dreda of the torment, na for that they 
yevan to other folfa enaanmple to fleen 

»S fro vyces ; btit 1 nndenrtanda yit in 

nnsely whan they ne ben luit pnnimhed, 
al-be-it BO that ther ne be had do reeonii 
or laws of correocionn, ne nou ensauinpla 

» of loklDKC,' ' And vhat manere shal 
that boo,' qnod I, 'other than hath bo 
told her-bifom f ' 

'Have ve nat thacne crannted,' qnod 
she, ' that goodo folk ben hlisfol, and 

>S shrewea ben wrecahes ? ' ' Yis, ' qnod L 

' Tbanne.' qnod aha, ' ylf that any good 

were added to the vreccbednesae of any 

wight, nil faa nat more welefnl than ha 

that DO hath no ntedlXn^ of good In hia 

a aolitarie wrecchednofise ? ' ' Soaemethit^' 

> And vrhat aayMow thanne,' qnod ahe. 
>of thilke wrecohe that lakkatli alls 
Roodei, n (A<if nci gnod tiii viciUeil tit Aii 

ij urycekedneus, and yit. over al hia wikkod- 
noase for which he ia a wrwcb a, that ther 
be yit another yvet anexed and knit to 
Iiim, shal nat men demen him more 
nnasly than thilke wreochoof whithatbe 

« nnielinesse is releved by the participa- 
rionn of som good ? ' ' Why aholde ho 
nat 7 ■ qnod L 

' Thanoe, rartes.' qnad aha, 'turn 
■hrewca, whan they ben paniashad. aom- 

<S what uf gnotl anaxcd. to hir wnoohed- 

noBsB, that is to seyn, the aiuno peya* 
tliat tliey BTtfTron, which that 'a good by 
the reaoan of jaatico; and whan tliiiko 
same ahrewas aKapen witli-onte tonnent, 
than han they aom-what mora of jrel yit i; 
ovei the wihkednesss tiiat they han don, 
Ihat is to Hyn, defanta of payne ; which 
dafante of peyna. thoa hast gratLnt-ed. ia 
yvalforUiedeaerteoffelonya.' 'Inemay 
nat donye it,'qood I. ii 

'Mocho more thanne, 'qnod she, 'ben 
■hrewai tmsoly, whan they boa wrong- 
folly delivered fro peyne, than whan 
they ben pnniaahed by rightful von- 
jannoa. Bnt this ia open thing and clear, 1^ 
thut it is right that shrewea ben pnji- 
iashod, and it ia wikkedncssa and wrong 
(hnt they eacapenuiipitnisshed.' 'Who 
mighte deneye that i ' qnod L 

' Bal,' qood she, ' may any man denya ij 
that al tbiLt is right nia good ; and also 
the contrarie. that al that is wrong ia 
wikkot' 'Certea,' qnod I, 'these 
■hinge* ban clere y-noogh ; and that we 
ban conclnded a liteL her-bifom. Bnt if 
I praye thee that thon telle me, yif thoa 
Bcordeat lo loten no torment to sowlea, 
after that the body ia ended by the 
death ; ' Ikit it fo Myn, vndenlaridtiloa 
auglitanttoicleilianaHiilor«\eittnfttr Ms 13 
dtetk a/ the boHyt 

'Cartes,' qnod she, 'ye; and that right 
greet; of which sowlea,' qaoil she, "I 
trowB that Borne ben tormented by aspre- 
nesaeof peyne; and some aowlea» 1 trovre, 16 
bon exarciaad by a pnrginge mekenessa. 
Bnt my oonaeil cis nat to determinye of 
thiae paynea. Bnt I have travailed and 
told yit hiderto, for thon sholdast knowe 
tbat the mowings of sbrewoe, which 16 
mowinge thee someth to ben unworthy, 
nig no mowinge : and eek of shrewes, erf 
which thon pleinodest that they ne were 
nat puniaahedi that Ihoii woldast saan 
that they ne weron never-mo with-onten 17 
the torments of hir wikkednesse : anduf 
the licence of the inoaingt to dm |/M[, that 
thoQ preydest that it mighte aone ben 
ended, and that thonwoldeitfaynlertieD 
that it ne aholde nat loDga dare : and 17 
tlut akrowoa ben mora oniely yif they 

gotigfuB, (goo8 IV : Qprose rv. 

were of leDger ilnriiige, and most oiiHly 
yit they weron perdarable. And »fter 
tliia, I have ihswed thee thnt more nnsely 

i<o ben ibrewe*, nhnii they esupen with- 
cnte Lir rigbtfal peyne, thui whsn tbey 
ban inuiiuli»d by rightful veDJftiuice. 
And of this Kntence folwetb it, thst 
IhAmie ban Bhrewes coiutrflined At tlie 

iRS I"!* *>th moft Krevona tonnoDt. whan 
Bim WBiw that they ne be nat puaiHhed.' 
'WhmD I ooDBider thy remuiB,' quod I, 
' I ne tiowe Bat that men fleya imy-lhuig 
more rerayly. And yif 1 tome syein to 

■go tbt (todiu of men, wba is be lo whom it 
•holda wnM that lie n« sholds nat only 
lavtn thiw thiiie(se,bntaek gladly beikne 

> Carta*.' qaod she, 'to it U : but men 

195 BMV nal. Pot they han lur eyen act wont 
to (he derkaeua 0/ erUigly tkinga, thnt 
tbey ne may nat liften hem aji to tlie 
light of elnr •othfaatneaao ; bnt they bon 
Ij'ka la btiddes, of which the night light- 

«> nMh hir lokinge. atid the day blindeth 
Iwm. FM trbwa men Inken nat the ordre 
«ftliiiigM,biithirltuteaBndCiileDta, they 
wma lliat either the lere orthamowinge 
to don wikkednene, or elles the sonpicige 

ins wlth-cate peyne, be welsfnl. Bat oon- 
Var yif Ihon oanfcnn* thy oarage to tba 
tM«t« thingee, tiion na hajt no node of no 
Jnp to yeran thee pryi or mode ; for 

ire Uion haat joyned thy-aelf to the most 
Mcallant thing. And yif thou have en- 
dyDed thy gtndies tothe wikkedthingea, 
He Mak HI foreyne wreher oat of tiiy- 
■■If: for them thyself haat thriatthy-self 

Rj iB-to wikk* thingai: right a< thoa 
mi(hle>t lokea by dyverse tymee the 
iamU anhe and the hevane, and that alle 
eUwr thingaa atintan fro with-onte, 10 
ttaf Mm iwra neUker in ftcwne w m crtlu, 
I ^f «nw mMMiv more: than it aholde 
to thae, aa by imly resonn of 

iha erthe. But tlie poeple ne 

Bat on thiio thinge*. What 

~ ' Tianne aproehen ne to 

that I have ibowrd thnt they ben lyk 

And what woltow Myn of 

thi« : yif that a man badde al forlorn hi 
eights and hadde furyeten that he #ve< 
eaugli. and wonde that no-thing ne fnyl 
ode him of perfsccionn of mankinde. noi 
we that mighten eeen the same tliinigoi 
wolde we nat wene that he were hlindel 
Ne alao ne aoordath nat the poeple t< 
that I ehal eeyn, the which thing ie sna 

tKat it to iryn, that more nnaoly ben thig 
that don wrong to otbre folk than thq 
that the wrong suffren.' 'I waldi 
heren thilke anma resoona.* qnod I. 

' Denyntow,' qnod ahe, 'that all) 
ihrewee ne ben worthy to ban torment ? 
•Nny,'qnod L 

'Bat,' qaod she. 'I am certain, bj 
many reeonni, that ohrewea ben nnaaly. 
' It uMirdotb,' qaod I, 

'Tlianoe ne donteatow nat, ' qaod ihe 
' thnt tliilke folk that boa worthy of tor 

whether, troweitovr, that men Bholdsc 
tormenten liim that liath don the wrong 
or elles him that hath aaSred the wrong? 
' I na donte nat,' qaod 1, ' that 1 noldi 
don anfEMont eatislkccioan to him thai 
hadde anflrsd the wrong by tho aorwe 01 
him tiiat hadde don the wrong/ 

■Thanne aemethit/qoodahe. 'thatUu 
doers of wrong ia more wreccha than. h( 
that aafired wrong ! ' ' That folwell 
wel, ' qnod I. 

^ Than,' qnod ahe. ' by theae oanaaa and 
by othre oanaea that ben enforoed liy thi 
aame rote, Atclia or ainna, by the propn 
nature of it, maketh men wreoohea ; an^ 
it ahoweth wal, that tha wrong that nua 
doD nis nat tba vreoabedaeaae of bia 
that reoejrveth the wrong, bat thi 
wraocbedaeaea of him that dnth th< 
wrong. But oertes,' qnod aba, 'UiiM 
onitoiue or advomta don al tha oon 
trarya : tor they (t^rcea hen to eom 
mosra the joges to ban pitee of ham thai 
han anffred and receyvej tha thingea tba< 
ben grerona and aapro, and ylt nsi 
■bolden more ri«htflUly ban pltee of hMi 

(gedBitw. (geofi TV t (jHttre rv. 

tluti din tha gTeraancM itnd Uie wrongiM ; 

iSb the wbiohs Bhrawes, ic -wara K more 
cnvsiuble tbmg. that ibe uwiuiniTi or 
adnioat*. cat vntli bnt pitona and de- 
boBair, ledden tho ihreirM that lian ilon 
-WTDng Id the JQgBment, right as men 

i^S leiien syke folk to the leche, for that they 
■holde aeken out the maliidyM of nnuB 
by torment. And by thia ooveniumt, 
cither the eDtant« of deffendcMira or ftdvo- 
cata aholda faylgn and coaea in al, or 

»Slo*lla«. yif the oJHoo of ndvooil* wolde 
bettre prnGten to men, It ihilde ben 
tomed in-to the habile of B«caMcicnin; 
(All u Iv Kim. th>^ iftoldm onrujs aAnng^*, 
and not excme hevi. And eek the ahrewea 

»95 hem-iolf, yif hit were lovefol to ham lo 
■Mn&t any Flifle the vertu that they han 
fntlet«D, and sawen that they aholden 
pntten lulotui the Althes of hirvTDea by 
the torments of poynea^ they no onghle 

yo nat, right for the reoninpennicionn for to 
R«ten hem boDiitDo nnd proweue trhlch 
that they ban lost, demon ne haldon tlmt 
tliiike peynei weren torments lo hem ; 
■nd eek they wulden refnge the atlend- 

305 annoeofhiradvocAtB, and taken hem-Belf 
to hif jnges and to hie aocnaora. For 
which it bitydelli that, aa to the wyao 
folk, tbei nia no place y-1«(en to halo ; 
(fall (I (o mv", thai n) tale ftott no pteet 

310 amonga ki/k mm. For no iright nil 
hMen goode moo, bnt-yif he -were over- 
mocbel a fool ; sncl for to hat«n ihrew«, 
it nil no reaoon. Pnr right bo m lan- 
gainmge is maladye of body, rieht »o ben 

315 Tjoesaodainnomaladyeof cor»(ie, And 
BO M wo ne demo nat, that thoy that ben 
syke of bir body ben worthy to ben hatod, 
bnt rather worthy of pitoo : wel mora 
worthy, nat to ben bated, bnt for to bon 

jao had (n pitee, ben thoy of whiche the 
thonghlea ben oonatreined by felonona 
wikkedaeBBB, that fa more entel than any 
langniaBJpge of body. 

Ucn> IV. Quid lanlo* imiai aeeUnn 

biden the fatal diipnticionnof.yonTdeolh 
with your propre hande»? Ihn£ li (u tv^ 
by batailfi or by rotitet. For yif ye ai«n S 
the deeth, it haeteth him of his owne wil ; 
loeth ne tarieth nat hie rwitte horf. 

And the men tl 


d the 

id the tygro and the bere ai 

boor aeken to ileen with hir teeth, yit lu 

thUke same men Beken to aleon everich of 

BianeTes ben dyvone and deBcwrdanct. 
they mosven lurigbtnil osteB and amel 
batailea. and wilnen to periaahe by entn- ig 
chaniiginge of dnrtes. Bnt the reaoun of 
omelteeniB nat y-nongh rightful. Wiltow 
thanne yelden a corsnable gneidoaii to 
the doseneB of men? Love rightftaUy 
gaoit folk, and have pitee on ibreweo,' k 

Pxoii T. Hit ego vl^eo fnqvam. 
■ ThuB see I wel,' qnod I, ' either what 
blufaloeMO or oUoa n-bat nnseUnasM ii 
Mlahliathcd in the desertoa of goodo men 
and of BhreweB; Bnt in tliia ilke fortune 
of poeple I Bee somwbat of good and aom- 5 
what of yveL For no wyae man hath 
later ben iwyled, pooro and nedy, and 
namelei. than for to dwellen in hit eltee 
aadflonren of riaheeaea,andberedont«b1e 
by hononr, and strong of power. Foe in it 
this wyae more oleerlv and more witnes- 
fully is the offloa of wyse men y-treled, 
whan the hliatHilnesse and the iwastee of 
govemours it, as it were, ]--Bhail ainongei 
poeples that be neighebonra and gubgiti^ ij 
■in that, namely, priaonn, lawe, and thige 
othre torments of lawefnl peynea ben 
rather owed to felonona eiteieina, Ivr the 
whiche felonona citeiieins tho peynes ben 
establisebed, than for gooil /oik. Thanne « 
I mervaile mo grootly,' qnod I, ' why that 
the thinges ban ao mis entrechaongsd, 
that torments of felonyes presaen and 
confiiniidon good* folk, and ihrawo* 
nviuhen medes of vertn, amd bai In 'i 
AwkHtrv owl in gret ataU. And I de«yi« 
eek for to wilenofthee. what miieth thee 
to ben the monn of this so wrongfal 
a oonelaiioDn 1 For 1 wolde wondre wol 
the bwse, yif 1 trowede that al Ihia jn 

IgutilM, QjIeeltV: (prottVI. 



■path ftod 
lonrings god, B^ivemoai otthinKU. tluc, 
w •« god j-Eveth ofl« tym«e to godo men 

S goiet uid mirtbes, and tn shrewea 
jrelea and u|ira thingH ; uid yercrth 
mjrininxA Id gods folk hudDuMei, ud 
to ()iraw«* he gTBuatcth hem hir wil and 
thattbejderyna; vrhut differenoe thannp 

(n may ther be bilwiien that tliat god doth, 
and Iha happe of fortone, yiC men no 
kaoiTB nut the came why that itiaf 

' Ne it sis ua mervuJe,' quod ihe, 
■thoogli that men weneii that ther be 

45 KimewhaC folinh and confuae, whan Ihe 
reaonn of tb« ordre ii Dnknowe. But 
al-thongh that thou ne knowe nat the 

for M moche aa god, the gode govemoor, 

JO Btonpnth and goTerniith the irarld, ne 

dosto thea nat that alls thingH ben doon 

MwnM V. 81 qui! Arcttirl tUrra neteit. 
'Vtho^o that ne knowe nat the aterreB 
<rf' ATotim, f-tomed neigh lo the loTeTeiD 
eontrte or point, that it to ityi\, \-ttmifd 
IM^A Eo Uk amerdn post of the finaatKent, 
i and wot nat why Iht tttrrt Boolea pasaoth 
or gadareth hij weyno*, and dreDdtetb 
hii late flanba* iu the aee, and why thnt 
Bootst the item uufaldeth hia ovor-awitte 
aiyaingea, Uiaiina ahal fa« wondren of the 
»> Uwe of Iho h^j-o eyi. And ak, vi/tliat 
*« n* hnoiBi nadcAii llmt the borne* of the 
hlla mone wexen pals and infect by the 
boiuide* of the derke night ; and Aow the 
mone, dark and oonfuao, diaoovoTelh tho 
abe badde y-oorerod by hir 

!. Tbei 

lanrr a/ porpUi Hut kigltte CoH- 
tial. tehan Uw meat U in 
te tneXamUal ; imd lAer- 
I (Ac mone, they bfltm Mr 
U MM Mkte ftmtM Ke no nan 
wondnth whan the bUMsa of the 
1! *lnd Chunit belen the atrondw of the 
•ea bjr qnakinge fiodei ; no no Duui De 

wondteth whan the vsighte of the mows. 
y-harded by the colde, i« resolved by the 
brennioge hete of Fheboe the gonne ; for 
heer aoen men redely IJio camel. Bat 
the oanaea y-hid, lAat U lo leyn, in Anwnc, 
tronblen the breolea of men ; the moev- 
able poeple in aitoned of alio thingeathat 
cornea eelda and aodalnly in our age. 
Bnt yif the tronbly srroor of oar igno- 
raiuiee departeds fro m, M CAoC uw leMen 
ttia cauta «A|r that tuiitKt tkltiga bUydm, 
oertaa, thejr gholden osw to nine won- 

OM. ^^M 

PiKBK VI. Ha Ml, hijuam. ' 

' Thiu i* it,' quod I. ' fine m m 

haat yeven or bi-hight me t* 

the liid caniee of thingeo, and to di». 

nsuai, I proy thee tliat thou devyse and 
jogs me of thiimniere, and thatthoado 

ns to iiqd^rno&dva it; fer thUmincle 

or thii wonder troableth ms right gretly.' 
And thanne abe. a lilel what imylinga, 
eeyde : *thoa olepeet me,' qnod abe, ' to 
telle thing that i» gretleat of alle thingea 
that moweu ben aied, and lo the whidio 
qaaalioniinnnelliei is ther anght y-nongh 
tu laveo it ; oj uAo tcj/tK, uimelJiei it tSer 
•nffltatinll]/ imiithi'ig Ic aMiiaen parfiUti to 
thv qaatxoun. Far the matore of it ie 
snicb, that whan o donte i* determined 
and eat awey, ther wexen other dontei 
with-onta nomber ; right aa the hvvodei 
wsxso. of Tdre, Ih* a«7>aa( (Ant Breult* 
(toicA. Me ther ne were no mausra be 
non eadoi bnt-yif that a wight oon- 
■trelneds tho doatea by a right lyfly and 
qaik ffr of thought ; flial it to tiyn, bn 
vigour and itrengllu o/tn'l. For in tliia 

liooB of tho aimplioiioo of (ho purviannce 
of god, and of the order of dfitiuee, and 
of aodein happe, and of Ihe knoH-ingeaod 
predeatinaMOandivyne.andofthelibortBB , 
nf free willa ; tba whiohe thingea thou 
thy-ielf Bpereayreat wel, of w'— — '-• ■ 

Qfocfjlme. ^ooi IV: ^OM VT. 

to that I lukvci lilel tjriiie to doD it, yit 
DutheleB I wul entoTMn ma to ahewe 
■oinvhat of it. Bat ftl-thogh the no- 
riaihiDKM of dit«« of muike dalTtath 

40 Ibee, thon moit mfhwD and forbereu 

a lit4l of thiike dalrto, whj-lB that I irere 

to thm moimf y-knit by ordra.' ' As 

it Irkfllh to thM,' quod I, ' io do.' 

Tho apak ahe riglit m bj' another 

45 biginninge, tuid aeyde tbtu. 'Ths en- 
gendriage of alia thiugu,' qood alie, ' and 
aUe the progretnonni of mnable nature, 
and al that mooveth in an; manere, 
taketh hie caowi. bii ordrs, nod his 

50 fonnea, of the itableneMe of the divyne 
thoght ; and thilks divyoe tboogbt, that 
la y-aet and put in tha tour, thai It Io teyn, 
in tha heighte, of the limplicitee of god, 
(tabliasbeth many maner gyaea to thingea 

whan that mon lokan it in tbiiks pure 
cLennuse of Ibe divyne intalligimee, it it 
y-elsped parviaance; bnt nhon tbilhe 
maner is refprreil by men to thingea that 

fin it moviilh and diapooetb, tbanne of olde 
mta it was clvpcd dMtinee. The chicbe 
thingM, yif that any winhl loketh wel in 
Ilia thrmght tho atrengtho of that oon and 
of that other, he ibal lightly tnowen men, 

65 that thiae (wa thioges ben dyvona. For 
imrviannea ia thilha dlryoe recon that ia 
eatAbtinhed in tbe caverein prince of 
thingM; the vhiohe pnrvianni 

neth al 

> tliinK 

is th( 

ja disposioionu and ontinaanee clyriDge to 
■noevablfl thlugas, by tho vrhiobfl diapo- 
■icionn the jmrriannoe knitteth alls 
thiogM in bir ordres ; for porviaiineo 
embraeeth alio thlngea to-hepc, al-thogh 

75 that they ben dyvenie, and al-thogh they 
ben Infinite ; bnt deatinee depart«th and 
oidelneth alle thiogoa aingnlorly, and 
diyyded in moeringoa, in placea, in 
forme*, in tymea, aa Uina : lat the nn- 

Bo foldingo of tomporel ordinannoa, aeaera- 
bted and ooned iti the lokingD of the 
divyne Ihonghl, be eloped purriannco; 
and thUke aaine ■swniblingo and oon- 
inga, dlvydied and nnfolden by tymea, lat 

BS that ben called dastln««. And a)-be-it to 
that thiia thingei ben dyvone, yit nal he- 

let hangeth that oon on that other ; fbi' 
why tho order destinal pnuedelli of the 
slmplicitSB of pnrriannee. For rii^t ai 
a workman, that apeineyvoth in hia 
thoght the forma of tho thing that be 
wol make, and moeyeth the offcr.t of tho 
irerk, and ledeCh that be hadda loked 
bifom in Ills thoght aiinply aad pre- 
sently, fay temporel crdinannce : eertsi, 
right ao god diaponeth in hie prvviaonoe, 
■ingnlorly and stably, the thinges that 
ben to done, bnt he anunistretfa in many 
manoree and in dyvaroe tymos. by dos- 
tlnee, thiike same thingaa that he hath 
disponed, Thanne, vhotber that dea- 
tinee be exeroyaed outher by some divyne 
apirlle, servannts to tbe divyne poi^ 
viauDce. or elloa by som sowie, or elles by 
alls tuitnre servingo to god. or ellea by 
tbe oeleatial maevingea of sterres. or ellea 
by tbe verto of augoles, or elles by tbe 
dyyerae snbtilitee of dovelea, or ellea by 
any of hem, or ellea by hem Bile, tho 
deatinal ordinannce ia y- woven and acorn- 
plisahed. Cert«a, it ia open thing, tbal 
the pnrvlannce ia an tmtnoevabte and 
rimple fonue of tbingea to done ; and the 
moveable bond and the tcmporel ordi- 
naODce nf thing«B, vihicfaa that the 
divyne eimplioitee of pnrmmice hath 
ofdeyned to done, that ia destines. For 
which it is, that alle thingea that ben 
pnt tinder destinee ben . certes, snhgits tc 

tinee itself is Bsbgit nnd nnder. Bnl 
some things* ben pnt nnder pnrviamice, 
that snrmonnten the ordinannee of des- 
tines ; and tho ben thiike that stably ben 
y-flcohed negh to the firate godhed : thej 
sarmonnten the ordre of deitinnl moev- 
ableCeq. For right aa of cercles that 
tomen Sr-bonto a aame centre or a-bonl< 
a poynt, thiike rerclo that is innerest Di 
most witb-ione joynetb to the aimplent 
of the nuddel, and is, aa it wero< a efintr* 
or a poynl to that other cerde* thai 
toraen a-bouten him ; and thiike that ii 
outtersst. runnpnssed by laiger enTyrm. 
ninge, ia nnfolduD by Inrgcr apaoea, in at 
noohe n« it ia farthest fro tha middd 
siraplicitee of the poynt ; and yif tfaar tN 


Q^oetjtite. igwi TV : ^vwt Vi. 

■cy-tliiDe ttint Imitlfltb &nd felmwihip- 
pcdfa bitn-talf In (bilkc middsl poynt, it 

i|o is coaatnaatid in-to dmplidMs, tluU U to 
■rtfH, in-Co atimeerabteUe, uid it ceasth to 
li« shad ajid to flet«a dyvoiMl^ : right to, 
hy nmblabla Teuma. tbillie thing that 
dppartflth forthait tto the fint thoght ot 

145 e«l. it ii nnfolden and Bnmminad to 
frct1«T honddi of defltinee - and in so 
raodie is the thing more free and fans 
Ito destineeT aa it aieth &nd holilotb lilm 
D«r to thilke centre of thitiE», lAoI it to 

1,9) unfii, god Andyif the thing olTvelh to 
the tt«defMtnesM of the thoght of god, 
•nd be with-onte moevinge, c«rtes, it anr- 
mnrtnteth the neoaaaitoe of destineo. 
Thanse rig-ht anich compnriaoan pa it ia 

t^ of BkilingQ to nndflratondinge, And nf 
thing that is engendrpd to thing that is, 
and of tyine toetemitee, andef theeorclp 
t-o the coatre, right bo ia the ordre of 
moevmhte dHtinee to the stable sim- 

iCu pliritca ot pnryinnnM. Thilke onli- 
naiiQcs moevath the bereua and the 
cterrea, and ktempnth the eUmeiit* to- 
^ideramongashem-aelf.and tmnafonnnth 
hem by entrechnnngeabls mulacionn ; 

1^1 uid tliilke nuns ordre newetb SLjnin alle 
tbicgca growinge and fajlinge »-doiui, by 
wmblable pTogresaiouna of sedot and of 
■exes, that u to tfspi, "><<I« ""d /melt. 
And this jDie ordre cnnatrainetb the for- 

'71 tones bnd the dades of men by 11 bond of 
caages, net oble to ben nnbonnde ; the 
whiehe destinelcntueB, vhnn theypassen 
out f^-Dthebiginningeioftheimmoovable 
[mrriaaiioe, it mot uedes bo that thay no 

175 bs nit matnble. And thai ben the 
thinges Ail wpl y-govemed, yif that the 
aheweth forth the ordre of cuOMs, snablo 
lo ben y-bowed; and thiB ordre con- 

ih strstneth by his propro stabletee the 
moenthle thiDges, or gUbb they aholden 
flelea fulily. For which it is, that alls 
thlngea semen to ben confna and tronble 
tons men, for we na mo'ven nat consiilere 

'9j tbilke ordinannce ; nathelea, the propre 
turner of every tbinge, dreaainge hem to 
gooda, dispoaeth hens aJhr. 
For ther nis no-thing don 

yvel ; ne Ihilka tbing that is don by wik- 
kede folk dlj not dan/nrinH^ The whiehe "3" 
shivwoa, Afl I b&re shewed fol plenti- 
vonsly, aeken good, bot wikked ornrar 
miatometli hem, ne the ordre oominge 
fiD the poynt of soverein good na do- 
clynetb nat ^ bialnginningfl. Bntthcra 195 
mayst seyn, what nnreste may ben a 
worse eonfoaionn than that gode men han 
aomtyme advoniitea and lomtyme proe- 
peril«e, and shrewes also now han 
thinges that they desiren, and now too 
tbiagea that (bey haten? Whether men 
liven now in swlch boolnesse of Iboght, 
(oj uho leyth, ben men now le ir|»r), that 
iwiohe folk as Ihey domtin to ben gode 
folk or ghrewes, that it moate cedes ben mj 
that folk ben swiche aa they wenen? 
Bat in this manere the dornos of men 
diicordDD, that thilke men that some 
folk dumen worthy of meilo, other folk 
domen hem worthy of tAnocnt. Bnt lat no 
ns ^nranto, I pose that lom man may wcl 
demen or knowen the gode folk and the 
Iwdde; may he thanne knowen and seen 
tbiike innereste atempraonca of eomgea, 
as it bath ben wont to be aeyd of bodies ^ >i5 
at who tryth, laay a mm tptken and diltr- 
ninan 0/ atempraunat in eoTaget. et tnfll 
vxre wmt (0 itmm or tpclrm iif rom- 
pUxiaum and alanpraimca a/bodUi t Na 



I, hat 

merveil or a miracle to Ami tkat 
ne itnoiwn it not), why that swetc thingea 
tvQ eovenable to some bodies that hen 
hole, and to same bodiea bittere thinges i: 
ben eovenable ; end olio, why that some 
syke folk ben bolpen with lighta mcdi- 
cynex, end some folk ben bolpen with 
Hharpe niedicynes. But natUelca, the 
leche that knoweth the manure niid the ij 
atemprannoe of hele and of mahulye, no 
merveileth of it no-thing. Bnt what 
other thing lemetb hale of ooTago) bnt 
boantee and prowesae 7 And wbnt other 
thing semeth maladye of ceragc» but >> 
vyoesf Who is elles kepare of good or 
dryrer awey of yvel, hot god, govemotl^ J 
and lecher of ibotightes? The whichegt ' 
whan he hath hibolden fivm the b 

lgoef6>u8- CBooS rv: ^voet vi. 

•4.1 loar of Ills i"arvB»nii«s be kn^weth wbnt 
Is oovonaWo to every wight, and letieth 
hem tint he wot that is corooshle to 
hem. Lo. her-of oomth one] hor-of it don 
tbli noble tairacla of the onire deetJniil. 

'4! whan god, that nl knowotli, doth rwiche 
thing, of which thing that unkunwinge 
folk ben astoned. Bat for to ronstreine. 
at ibJio leyth, bulJBr to eompntien^ aitd 
ItlU a fovte thingea »f the divftie deep- 

ISO nease. the ichjche that nunnes reimm 
may nnderBtonde. thiUie man that thou 
weneat io ben right jnsta and right ksp- 
ioge of eqnitoe, tbo caotnuie of that 
Bomoth to the divyne pnrveannce. thatal 

jjS wot. And Lncon, my familer, tolleth 
that " the vietoriona canae lykede to tha 
goddss, and the canie overcomen lykede 
to Catonik." Thanne, what-ao-erer thoa 
mayit seen that is don in this wertd 

g6o unhoped or nnwenod, cert«e, it ia the 
right ordre of Ihinges; bnt, aa t^ thy 
wikkedeopinioun, itleaponlWonn. But 
I wnppose that aoni man be «• wel 
y-thewed, that the divyne Jngemeut and 

265 the jngunent of mankinde acorden hem 
to-gider of him ; bat he ia so onslidsfast 
of eorage, that, yif any advenitee oame 
U him, ha wel forleten, par-avDntore, to 
continna innocence, by the whiche he ne 

STO may »at with-holden forttuie. Thanne 
the wyse dieponaacionn of god spareth 
him, the whioho man Bdvorailoe nughte 
onpeyron ; for that god wol nal miflren 



it covenablo. . 


o that 


a, that it were a folonye 
that he vera loacbed with any adver- 

iKii gitma ; ao that he wot nat enffro Chat 
awieh a man be moeved with any bodily 
maladye. Bnt ao aa aeydo a philosopbre, 
the more exeellent by me : he Myii^ in 
Ortk. that " Tortnoi ban edified the body 

JB5 of the holy man," And ofte tyme it 
bltydMh, that the somme of thingea that 
ben lo done ia taken to goveme to gode 
folk, for that the malice hnboondaDt of 
ghrewea iholila ben aboted. And god 

190 Tm'ath and departeth to othn folk proa- 

poritoei and adversilees y-tnedled lo- 
hope, after the qnali tee of hircvngea, and 
remordeth som folk by advcrillte. foe they 
ne aholde nat waien pronde by longe 
welertJaoBso. And other folk he anfFrcth * 
to ben travailed with harde thinget, for 
that they sholden oonfermea the vertnoi 
of eorage by the naage and exercitaciotm 
nf pacienoo. And other f<iU( dreden more 
than they ooghten f that whiehe they j" 
mighten wel beien ; and somme diapyaa 
that they mowe nat beren ; and thilke 
folk god ledeth in-to experience of him- 
self by aepre and eorwlicd thingea. And 
many othre folk baa bonght honourable 9 
renonn of this wurld by the prya of 
gloriona deeth. And som men, that ne 
mowon nat ben overoomen by tormenta, 
have yeveQ enaaample to othre folk, that 
verta may nat ben overcomen by advar- 3 
siteea ; and of alle thinges ther nia na 
doate, that they ne ben don rightlUlj 
and ordenely. to the proAt of bem to 
whom we seen Ibiae thinges hityile. For 
rertes, that advendtee comth samtyme 3 
to shrewea, and somtymo that that they 
dcairen, it comth of thise foraeide catiaei. 
And of Borwfol thinges tlutt MipfM lo 
lArctcu, cartea, no man ne wondreth ; fbr 
alls men wenon that tbey han wel de- J 
served it, and that tbey ben of wikkede 

the tnrtnent 

Bomtyme agaaCeth othre (o don felonyes. 
and Bomtjma it lunendelh hem that 
BulFron the torments. And the pn>>- ] 
peiitee that it ytrm to Arofft abowetb 
a greet argument to gode folk, what thing 
theyaholda demen of tbilko weleftilnBaie, 
the whiche prosperilee men seen ofte 
■erven to ahravea. In the which tbtng 1 
I trowB that god diapenseth ; fiw, p«p- 
aventnre, the nature at snni man i> so 
overthrowinge lo j/^l, and an uDc<iven- 
ablo, that the nedy povertee of his 
honshold mighle rather egren him to don 3 
fclooyca. And to tba malsdyeof bim god 
pnttetb remedie, to j*even him richeasas. 
And Kill other nun biholdeth hii con- 
science defonlcd «-i<h lituies, and maketh 
comparisoon of bia fortnue and of him- 3 
■elf; and dredeth, por-aventore, that his 

(goefSiue. IgEeeR iv : QUtfrt vi. 

UlsfOlnMu, of which the \Mge it joyefal 
to him, that the t«ine« of UiUko bUifnl- 
noBU ne bs nat ■orwfnl to him ; luiil 

HS Uier(or he wgl chiiQngBhl9muiens,Hn[[, 
for hs dredcth to Imb his fortnne, he for- 
lateth his wiUEvdnMie. To othie Iblk is 
««IefUnesifl y-yuven Bnworthily^ the 
■rhiclie overthntweth hsm in-lo diBtra«- 

X9> cioiui that Ibey hiiii doaerved. And to «om 
othn folk ii ypvtn powor to ponisahan, 
Bit that [t ahiil bo cansa or coiilinua- 

eavM of torment to ihrcwe& For to a> 
j;55 ther nil noQ sl;*aiic« by-twiie code folk 
•nd ihniwM, ne ihrewsg ne mowen nat 
Bondeo amonges ham-aslf. And why 
DBt ? For ■hreme discorden of hem-self 
iiy hJT -ITOM, Iho whi 

1 hir f 


tyma Uungei, the hIjicLd thingree, whan 
they han don faem, they daman that tho 
thiucei ne iholden oat haa ben don. For 
whidi thiiie thilka aovarein porveftiuice 
6f baib mikked ofte tyme (air miracle ; ta 
tbat ihrewet ban makad ihrewea to ban 
code man. For vhan that lom ibrawei 
■MO that they (aSran wcooEfully felonyea 
of othte ibrawei, they waxen eachanfed 
:o in-io hate of b«m that anoyeden heia, and 
nComeD to the fntc of verta. whan tbay 
atitdi«n to ben aniyk to hem thnt they 
kanbMad. CertM.onlythisis tbedivyna 
]Blght, to tbo whicha might yrelea ben 
ISllwiiiM code, whan It naotb tbo yvetai 
Mvcnably, and dntwetb ont the effect of 
any godej aa wAo tf^tk^ that ywl U good 
only to Iht mlgAlofgod, for tin mfgfiC nJtjod 
i/r-irfiMi\ ihUke KM! (u ijood. For oon 
In eriirv embnuetli alle thinfae, bo that 
what wi^ht that departeth fro Iha reaoim 
of thilke ordre vhicb that ia aesi^ed to 
hini. algala yit he ilydeth in-to another 
erdre, eo that no-thing nia lorefVil to folya 
if the diTyno poTTiannca ; 
ii w&o »e)gQi, nothing nit iMh-ouien ordt^ 
\» df Uu dtrgTia pur- 
a that the right atnmge cod 
lUathingw in tbla world. For 
I nat lerefol to man to oompr^- 
S bj wit, Da nnfoblan byword, alio 
M fobtU ordliumnoM and dkpoajcionna 

of the divyne enlente. Forotayitane-hte 

■afRBs to han laked, that god him-eelf, 
maker of alle natnrea, ordeineth and . 
dreAanth alio thingea to gode ; whyl that 
he baateth to with-holdan the thlngea 
that be bath maked in-to hii nmblannee, 
iliat It lo Kyn, /Or lo leitll-holdai thlnget 
in4o gooil, for ht Um-Kl/ it good, he . 
cbaeeth otit al yvcl fro the boandea of bia 

deitinable. For which it folwolh, that 
yif tlion loke the pnrrinuiioo onloininge 
tho thingoa that men wonen ben ont- j 
rageona or baboundant In ertbes, Ibon ne 
■halt not aoen in no place no-thing of 
yveL But I lea now that thoa art 
charged with tbo weighta of the qnae- 
tioun, and wory with (he lenglhe of my ^ 
reeoon ; and tbnt thoa abj-dest lorn iweet- 
naaie of aonge. Takthanne tblidranght ; 
and wban thon art wal refrowbed and 
rafoi^t, thou ibal be mora itedefaettadfAi^ 

in-to heyera qaaitioimj. Jy 

Uxraa VI. 

I uU uUi lura to 

If thon, wyt. wilt deman in thy pnN 
thonght the rightea or the laves of the 
heje thonderer, ttuU it to teyn, of gad, loke 
thon and bihold tbo heightes of tho 
sorerein bevane. There kapen the tteire*. 
by rigbtftil alliannie of Chingea, " 
peoe. The sonne, y-moered by hia rody 
fyr, ue distorbeth nat the oolde oarcle of 
the mone. K« the etem y-oleped -the 
Bere,' that enclyneth hia raTisshinge 
connee ■bonlen tba eoferain haigbta of 
Iho worlde. na the same stan-e Una nil 

see, Da coveiteth DattodeyeiibisBaambaa 
ia tba see of the ocoiaa. al-tbogh ha sea 
othre rterree y-ploanged in the eeo. And 
Heii>ams the itrrn bodeth and tallath 
alwey the late nightea ; and Lndfer lh» 
lUrrt bringeth ayein the clera day. And 
thus makeih Lore en trecbanngeahle the 
peidarabla conrHS ; and thus la diacord- 
abto bataila y-pnt ont of th« eontree of 
the (terras. Thi« acordannce atempnth 
by evanelyk nutnerea the element*, that 
the molato thingte, atryringa with Ibo 


I 190 

<gottiuM. <$Mi TV: ^vwt vn. 

I drye thlugea, f sTea place l>y mnuidM 1 

I knd Uia colda thinirea joynon hem liy 

I bytli to Uia bota thingcs ; kud that ttie 

lighto fjT BTTielJi in-to belgbM ; And Uie 

|o hery Brthai nvklBn by lur wei^litca. By 

thi» nkme csaUBea tho flooi; 7«r Tildeth 

(wota laisUes in tba 6i»te ■omeC'-sasoQa 

wiu'iumge ; and tho bote somar <ti7«tU 

tho cornea ; nad astampno camtli ayGln, 

JS hsvy of Bpiilaa; and the fletingo reyii 

biilowBth Iho winter. This iil*mpraiiiieB 

uorlBsbeth and bringetb forth ol thing 

th&t tbretheUi tyf in tbii world; snd 

thllkfl staaa &tfiiiipr&uiiGe, nvusbinge, 

|i> b;detb and bmimeth, uid dreDcbeth 

nnder tbe tAstfldrwth,[kllfi tbiDgflay-bom. 

Amongof thi» tbiogea aittotb the beye 

makert king and lord, walls and begin- 

ningo, lAwauid wya JTigf^, to donequitee; 

ti uid govsmetb uid enclynedi tba brydlea 

of UuDgos. And tbo tbingei tbst be 

Mereth to gon by moevmgo, be witb' 

4raweth ond aTHtsth ; aai. tStxmeilt th« 

moavabla or wandringe ChingM. For yiT 

fi Uutt he DO dopeda syein the right goings 

of thlngee, and yif that ha ne con- 

vbnineda bfim Tutt eft-w>nes In-to rotind- 

neBaa anclynade, the things* that ben 

now Dontinuad by Btahla ordinauncei they 

» iboldan departan from bir welle, tluU U I<i 

Kjpi, .Aon hir bigimiiiige, and faylan, UuU 

i* to JFpn. epna in-to nought. ThU ii 

tba BOmune Lara to alia tbingea ; and alia 

tbingM ansa to ben balden by the fyn of 

io good. For eUs« ne mightmi they nut 

> iBBtflD : yif thsy ne coma nat eft-Bomai 

I Byein. by Lore rslomed, to the caose that 

I hath yaven bam beings, ihal it to nyn, tu 

PnomVIt lam 

Seealow aat thanne what thing folweth 
oUb ths thingad that 1 have asyd? ' 
Botf. 'Wbatthingf qnod I. 

' Cartel,' qnod aba, ' al-ontrely, that alls 
6 Ibniuia ia good.' ' And bow may that 

be r ' quod I. 

I'Kdw nndantand.' qnod ihe, 'aoaaalla 
ftottiaa, wbotliaT » it Iw joyelbl fortoue 
ta aapra Tortiuie, la yeven eillier by cuitM 

of goardoiLing or ellei of e: 
good folk, 01 allea by catiM to pimiBben 
or elles chaatyaen ahrawea ; thiuma ii alle 
fortono good, the wbiebe fart^ine ia oar- 
teio that it be either righttUl or ellei 
profitable.' ' Forsothe, Ibis ii a iU 1 
vsrray reeoon, ' qnod I ; ' and yif I oon- 
aieler tba purviannoa and the doaUnos 
that tbon tanghtent ms a litel her-biforn, 
tbia nantenra ia aiutened by stsdefiiat 
reaouna. But yif it lyka unto thee, lot na 
nttmnbren bsm amongea thilke thibgea, 
of wbioha than asydest a titel ber-blforn, 
that they ne ware nat able M ban wonad 
lo the poeple.' 

• Why >o f ' qnod ahe. ' For that tba 
comime word of men,' qnod I, ' mianaeth 
thia mantr tptcht affortunt, and aeyn ofla 
tymea that tba fortnne of aom wigbt la 

'Wiltow thanne,' qnod ahe, 'that I: 
aproobe a litel to tho wordei of tho poepla, 
fu th«(itMitie D4t to hem that I beovw- 
moche departed oa fro tbo usage of mau- 
kinda?' 'AatboQ wDlt,'qaod L 

' Demeatow nat,' qnod ahe, 'that ftl . 
thing that profileth ia good?' ' Yia,' 

'And cartea, Uiilko thing that eier- 
cyaetb or oorigeth, ptoflleth F ' 'I con- 
fease it wel,' qnod L < 

• Thanne ia it good ? ' qnod ahe. ' Why 

'Bnt thia la the fortune.' qnod abe, 'of 
hem that either ben pnt in vertn and 
batailen a;aina aspre tbingea, or etlea of . 
hem that aacbuen and doctynen ito ryoea 
and taken the wey of vartn.' ' Thia na 
m^ I nat denys,' qnod I. 

' Bnt rfiat aeyatow of the mety fortojiB 
that ia yeven to good folk in gnerdonn ? 1 
Demeth aoght the poeple that it ia wik- 
kedV 'Say, foraothe,' qnod 1; 'hut 

they demen, u it aooUi is, that it is right 

' And what aeyitow of that other for- ; 
tone,' quad abe, 'that, al-thogb that it be 
aapre, and reatreineth the abiBwea by 
rigbtfnl torment, weneth aaght the 
poeple that it be good 7 ' ' Nny,' quod 
I, ' but the poepU demetb that it ia moat t 


For boi^ lo thM 
1 10 tkaK oth«r thflk* diftrnlt** i« 
to ihMX oon Baa. ct 
u aikd to 
cAXLi to eoei£nn« Idc aipMBce, f AaI 
fyn, Co IA« a«pnnw«i nf ki$ MCot 
lerfovw is it called "vwtn,** for 

soitcneth and anfbrMth, bj hia* 
Jias, that it nis xuu OT«reoin«a bj 
iteea. Ke oertea, th<m that art put 
encrea or in the heif hte of verta, 
b nat comen to fleten with delioea, 
r to welken in bodilj loate ; thou 

or plannteat a tvd e^re batailo 4m 
age ayeina every fortune : for that 
rwinl fortune ne oonfonnde thee 
» that the merjre fortune no co- 

thee nat, ocoupje the mene by 
at etrengthea. For al that eror li 

the mene, or ellea al that orer- 
1 the mene, deapyaeth weleftUneaae 

§eythf it it vieiotu\ and ne hath no 
if hia travaile. For it ia aet in your 
as foko seiflh, it lyth in your powtr) 
ortune yow ia leveat, that it to ttyn^ 
'yaei. For alle fortune that atmath 

9Mmifm $fi 7S^9«k tiaiMWk t^Al * ^ af|«K 
Ilimik Ki^n^|4« bia t^wva jr4«^'^« «b« «^^ 
vhiobe f4a^iN« %b« ^mni^ V\Nl(|<2K«k«Mm< ^Vr 
irini^ in bia $yt^ ttkx^ ba«l«U IWH^ «m4 
dnqnit tn bia eiM|«l,v vrMMb^ IHil i^<ilb# 
1m 1\^i|%h#mvMk wi^^l Kht bia MtM^le v(«^p^ 
yald t^» VU»M >*3n» Kr bia n^wAi) ^«va, m 
thai t$ f^ $nf^ "^^ Vttiim ««<vl «Mtl U« 
tyt %\f t\4ipk^mHt tJ^f iMinI fn ktt ,M*«vA^« 
J^ w4kkh rriJN« J^«lil« >if^, Wh^n k0 My 

culea ia reUbrabIa Air bti banU lv«va(b>a 1 t«» 
he dannteda tba pnmda (VtifaHi-aa, k^n^f 
kitrt^ hnt/ man; and Iia bliaHa (be dt 
a|N>yliiiia fH» (ha crnat lyimii, lft*fl h fit 
$eyn^ ht tUt¥rk f Aa fynnM ilfNf f^^^ Mm hh 
tkin. Ha amoiti (ha brlddaa Iknl klfthhn l« 
A r7>y«f with oartnln arwaa, lla ravlaabrnta 
applaa (V11 tho wakliiia diairmii, «Hd bta 
hand waa the tnur* bavy n»r I be rddaiia 
metal. lla dmw Oailiania, Iht k*nin4 t{f 
helUt by bia Irabln idiayiia. tia, irvar 411 
comar, aa It la aayd, balb put all Hfimtilia 
lord foddra In lila unial bi*fa 1 Ihit h 9*t 
thai lltffult tltnth lH*rm0ih§, itn4 

mad4 hit hurt Ui /rp9»n him, AimI b«i, 


£FetfSiu«. igMt Y: pcwt X. 

45 EeraJes, ilowh Tdra llu lerpmi, uid 
breode Vha vanim. And Achcltnia lie 
flood. defoDlnd in his rorhsd, dnynte hi* 
(lumefait visage in hia strondffl ; tkU it 
to ttvn, Uiat AchdoM a/ude trani/lgiire 

fO him-tet/in-U> dyvtne lyinetia ; and, 04 M 
/avghi wilt HtTCuUt, at the laiU he lomede 
Aim jn-to a bolt ; and BercuUt brak ofoon 
of lift ftoniu, and hi, /tir tkamt. Mddehlm 
(n Ail rioer. And he, EonalM. eaats 

55 adoan Antbaaa the gynimt in tha 
■trondea of Jjbie ; and Caons Bpayaeda 
tliB wrsttbo of Evandor ; tlili it to tei/n, 
that Herfula tlotch (A« vunatn Cacua, and 
apaytede tcilh that (bweh Iha viraUhe of 

6a fcandfr. And the briatlode boor marheda 
u the ibvldTMof Harcnlaa, tho 



Sxmt "L Dbtrai, aroHmltque 

Sha hadda leyd, u>d tomad tbe conn 
of hir neonn to aonta othra thinges to ben 
tnted >nd to ben j-aped. Tluuina aeyde 
I, ' Ceriea, rightfol la Otya amaneatiaga 
9 and fnl digue by ftnotoritea. Bat thiit 
thoa nidaat whjlom, tbst tha qooationn 
of tiiQ divyne purviAnuoe is enliioed with 
man; other qnoiticnuu. I ondcnionde 
vel Vid proeva it t J the BBQifl thing. But 

to I ftie yif that thoa wenaat that hap be 

an; thing in mj tie^; and, yi£ thoa 

wenaat that hnp be anything, vliat ia 


Hianne qnod ihe, ' I hiutc me to yilden 

■5 and auoilen lo thee the detto of ay 
biheflt, and toahewan and opnen tha wey, 
by vhioh vey thou moyat come K^ain to 
thy coutraa. Bat al-be-it to that tha 
thioges which tluit tbov aieit ben ligbt 

lo profltablB to knowB, yit ban tbey divena 
Romwbat fro the path of my porpos ; and 
it ia to dontan that than ns be daJHid 
wei7 by mia-weyet, lo tbat than do ma^ 
nat 100^00 to moaonin tha right wey.' 

*S 'Ml donte thae thnrirf nathlog/ qood I. 

whiohe abnldrea the hoye eercle of hereua 
Bholda thriite. And tl>e Isate o^ hia la- 
boors WM, that be sustaned the berena 
ttp-oD his naltke nnbowed -, and be de- ( 
aervedo eit-aoaea tbs hevene, to ben tha 
prya of hia histo trsvolLe. Ooth DOiw 
thanne, ya atronge men, thor-aa tbe heye 
wey of the grole ensanmpla ledeth yow, 
O nyoa men, why nalie ye yoitre bakkea? ] 
Ai iiho Kyih : ife aloiH and delkat men, 
Khyfltt yt advertUtu, and ne fighlen nai 
aj/tint hem by tvrfu, Id alnnen the meda of 
Ihe hetmief For the arthe, orercomeii, 
^veth theaterrea'i [Aft it to nf/n, that, ; 
tphitn that erthelji luet le oterecmuR, a man 
it naked worthy to the heitne, 

' For, for to knowen tbiike Uiinges to- 
gedere, ia the wbidhe tbingas 1 delyte ma 
gieatly, that abal ben to ma in stede of 
raate ; sin it ia nat to dmilen of the 
tljingea folwinge. wiion every lyde of thy ; 
dispntaciaun shal hon ba ated^ast to me 
by undontons foith.' 

Thanna aeyde aha. ' Tbat manere wol 
t don thee ' ; and bigan to apekau light 
Certea,' qnod abe. 'yifany vight : 

■eyn, that "hap ii bitydinge y-broagbt 
forth by fuoliih moevinge and by no 
knottinga of caoaoi," I oonfermo that hap 
nis right uangbt in no wyae ; and I dame . 
al-onti«ly that hap nis, na dwalleth but 


with-oat«n any aignificaoioon of thing 
anbmittad to that voii. For what plaoo 
mlghta ben left, or dwellinga, to folye , 
and to dlaordeoaimce, lin UiaC god ledeth 
and oonetreinath oUo thingea tpy ordre? 
For thia seutenoa ia verny and aooth, 
that " nothing na hath hia baiuga of 
naught"; lo tha whicha eautauee uona i 
of thlaa olda folk na vitbasyda narar ; 
al-ba-it ao that they ds undantodea na 
naught by god, ptiooa ami 

gotlMui (Ifiet V; (pte« n. 

biKlniisn of warUnge, but the; OMten 

J8 [it; M K manars fonndnnant of ntuMt 

DiatsrtBl, that ii to »eja, of the lulnire of 


1 yifa 

Mms that thiike thing U oomen or woiMi 
6a of DSDefat; but ^if thij nnmayTi&t b«n 
dan, tbuine £■ it nat powdbld, tliat hap 
be nay rwioh (hiag ai I hava ditRnlMhad 
a litsl hHo^bifam.' 'How ahal It 
thaiiDi) b»7' quod L ' Nib ther thanne 
fij no-thing that hy Ti^t may b* oleped 
■oitlur " hap " or ellaa ^* aTentim of for- 
tune " ; or ii ther aDght, al-)»-it » that 
it ig hid fro the peple, to vhioh tbe» 
wordo* ben carenable 7 ' 
;d ' Uyn Ariatotnlia,' qaod abB, ' in the 
iHwkofhie PhiiilE, diffinissheth this thing 
by short reBonn, and neigh to the •otfaa.' 

' Aa otte/ qood ehe, ^aa men dooD anj 
75 thing for grace of any other tiling, and 

men entenden to don bitydeth by eome 
causae, it la cleped "bap." Bight aa 
• man daU the ertba bfoaiua of tilyinga 
Bo of the feeld, and founda ther a gobet of 
pild bidolven. thanne Kenen fblk that it 
is bifalla 1^ fortnnoua bitydinge. Bot, 
it of naogbt, for it hath 



of whiche . 

n the 

/ya and tU' 
ban tnaied hnp. For yif the tilyare of 
the feld ne dolvo naC in the erthe, and ylf 
ifaohydsr oftba gold ce badda bid the 
gold in thUko place, tba gold oa hadde 
I oat been founde. Thiae ben tbaone the 
r«a>ei of the abregginge of fonolt bap, 
the fbicb atiregginge of fortnit bap 
comth of canaae oacoimtriDga and flow- 
inge to-gidsre l<i bam-aelf, and cat by the 
cntvnci^mn or the doer. For noilhor the 
liydor of tho gold na tho dalvor of the 
feeld ne undoratddon nat that tbo gold 
•boMo ban ben foonde ; bot, aa I layde, 
it bilidde end ran to-gidere tliat ho dalf 
ther-aa that other hadda hid tho gold. 
Now may 1 thna difflniaihe " hap." Hap 
U an QDwar bitydinge of canaea aiseia- 
hid in thingaa that ben don for aom 
t/tberthlng. Batthilkaordre,prooedlnge 

ICvna L SupU Actanmla tcopulU, 

Tigria and Eofratea raaolven and 
Bpringan of oo nalle, in the craggea of the 
roehaoftheoontreeofAchcDisuia, tber-aa 
the Qeinge batajla fiochetb Ihir dart«, 
retomod In the broalea of hem that fol- 
wen beDL And Bone after tho aoma 
lirerea, Tigris and Enftatca, nnioinac and 
departen bir wateraa. And jdf thi^ 
comen t«-gideree, and ben aaaentbled and 
oleped to-gidere into a oonn, thanne 
moten thilke thingea flateu to-gidare 
which that the Water of the entro' 
chaunginge Sood bringath. Tba sbippea 
and tlie atokkee airaced with tha Baud 
moten aMBomblon ; and the waterea y- 
medJed wrappeth or implyeth many for- 
tonel happM or manerea ; tba whicho 
wandringe happea, nalhelea, thilke de- 
clyninge lowuoaae of the erlhe and the 
flowinge ordre of tbe aJydinge water 
govemetli. Sight aoFurtime,thatseiiieth 
aa tliat it Bolotb with aUked or un- 
govemede brydlea, it anffereth birdlea, 
(Aol U to Mim. (0 be foMTud, and psssoth 
by thilka Iswo, lluU it to M|m, by Ihaiu 
jUdvik ordmauncc.' 

PaoaK IL Animadurrio, lnquam. 

'Tbia nnderatonda I wel,'qnod I, 'and 
1 aeorde wel thai it ia right aa thon 
aeyat. Bnt 1 oje yif ther be any libortee 
of fna wll in thia ordre of canaea that 
clyven thaa to^doro in bem-aelf; or 
ellai I woldo witen yif that Iho deatlnal 
choyne oonatrelnelb the movingea of tlM 
eoragea of men ? ' 

'Yii.' qood abe; 'ther la llbertee of 
fi-ee wil. Ne tbar ne was neve re no 
natnni of laaoon that It no liaddo lilurtog 


<§illtiiu. Cjfoot T: Igum n. 

of fina -wil. Ftn: evaiy tbing tfaat m^ 
nmtnraly men raaonn, it hath doom hy 
irhioh it dwemeth mad dameth ovary 
■3 thing; thaane kuowBth it, by it^df, 
thinga* that ban to flaen and thingva 
that bou to deAinn. And thilke Qiiag 
that any vright dameth to ban dMured, 
that axath or deaireth he ; and fleeth 

«, thilke thing that he troweth beuto flseu. 
Wheriore in alls thlnge* that reaoiui Is, 
in bem alio ii libartm of willinge and of 
Tullinge. But I ne ordeyna nat, at mho 
tejflh, I nt grmaite not, that tbia libertee 

>5 bo ereDS-lyk in alio tbingea Porwh^ in 
the Borersinea dsvynaa labatannoea, Ual 
it to tyn, in (ptriti, jngsment Ii mon 
oleei, and wil nat j-oonunped, and ml^t 
redj to ipeden thingea that ban desired. 

9> Bat the soniea of men moten nadsi be 
mon free wh»n thor lakan faem in the 
■peaolaolonn or lokinge of the daTyna 
tboogbt, and laaae &ee vhan thay liyAna 
in-to the bodies ; and fit laaM free wlian 

35 the; ben gadersd tO'gldere and oompro- 
hendsd in eitboly memliraa. Snt the 
laata •erraga it i(han that tbe; ben ywtai 
to Tyoaa, and ban y-fiila from the poa- 
■aarionn of bir propre lesoun. For after 

40 that they ban cast away hir eyen bo the 
light of tbe soverern sootlifutnaan to 
lowe tbingas and derka, anon the; darken 
by tbe olonda of Ignorannoe and ben 
troubled by felonont tajanta; to the 

45 whiche talents whan they aproohen and 
aaanten, tbey hepen and anoraaeD the 
sormge which they ban Joynad to ham- 
aslf i and la this manare they ben caltifk 
fro hix propre libectee. The whiohe 

gi tliingea, nathalaaae, the lokinga of the 
devyne pnrriannoe aeeth, that alia thingea 
biholdath and saeth fro etane, and 01^ 
deineth hen evarioh tn bii meritea as 
tbey ban predaatinat 1 amd U ii tt^i <■ 

55 Oraal:, Oat "aUe thlngis he aeath and 
Bile tfaingei be herath." 

Homer with the hony month, Uol It to 
teyn, Bvntr lattk (As mt* iit^n, siogetb, 
tliM the Sonne is clear by pore light ; 

na t halaa yit no may it nat, by the inflrme 
light of his **■"■*. braken or pai«an the 5 
inwaide entiaiies of the artha, or ellaa of 
the msl Bo ne saeth nat god, maker of 
the freta world : to him, that Icduth alia 
thingas trtaa an heigh, ne withstoodetfa 
nat no thingea by herineaae ofarUie ; ne 1 
the night ne witbstondath nat to him by 
the blaka olondaiL TUtta pod aeeth, in 
00 strok of thought, all* thingas that hen, 
or weren, or sboUe oomen [ and IkOkt 
gad, tat he lokath and aastli alia thingea 1 
■lone, tboa mi^st seyn that he is tbe 

Faaram. 3Wm ago, sm, liKiwn. 

Thanna sayde I, ' now am I oonfoonded 
by a more hard donts than I was.' 

* What doBte is that r ' qnod she. 'For 
aartea, I eoiueote now by whiohs tlung« 
thos art troubled.' 5 

* It semeth,' qnod I, ' to rapngnan and 
to ooatrarian gieetly, that god knowetb 
bilbm alle thingas, and that ther is any 
fteadom of libertee. For yif ao be that 
god lokath alls tblngaa bifom, ne god ne ic 
ma(y nat ban dasseived In no maaere, 
than mot it nedea been, that alio thingea 
lutydsa the whiohe that the parriaimoe 
of god hath aayn hifbrn to ooman. For 
which, yif that god knowetb bifom nat ■.' 
only the werkai of men, bat alao bir 
oonseilas and hir willea, thanne ne ebal 
thar ba no Ifbaitee of aibitra ; no, cert«s, 
ther ne maybe noon other dede, ne no 
vil, bat thilke which that tbe divyne le 
pondannoe, that may nat ban desaoSv-al, 
hatli fUed bifom. For yif that they 
migbten wrythen awey in othre manere 
than they ban pnrreyod, than sholde ther 
be no atadebat presoience of thing to i,^ 
oomen, but rather an onoertein opinionn ; 
the whicha tbing to trowen of god, I deme 

it falonya and nnlevefhL Na I ne pro«ve 
nat thilka same raaonn, at vAo ttytK, I nt 
oloiM not, or I mt preu*) not, Mike (oifm 30 
rasowa, I^ which that aom men venes 
that tbey mowen aaaoilon and nnkuitt«n 
the knotte of this qnavtioiuL. For, cartoa, 

(gwi^atf. qBoeft T: 3}rest nL 


they aeyn Uwt thiag nis okt to i^omsn 

U for that the imrTiuure of god IwLh Bern 
it biforn th»t ii to umeo, bet rather tha 
ooalrKTjre, atid lh*tl iM ihia : that, for tHat 
the thiiLg U to cj>men, thsrfora ae may it 
nat ban hid tto tha piirvisance of god ; 

4a uid in thii maiiarB tbii naceuitoe slj^tli 
ay«in in-to the contrso'e partja : Do it 
He bihovath nat, aedea, that thineei hi- 
tj'den that ben parvyed. but it blhuvetb, 
□Alas, timt tbioKei that ben tu comaii 

45 ton y-porvayed : bat a* it wira y-tntvailcd, 
iw tcho nvUt, UoC tUIte uiuvwrg proredeth 
rigU HI (AtyA nun (niraHiiIfli, or uircn 
Uif Co MffiHmi, tiie wbicbe thing iaokBBa 
□f the wbichs thing >-aa, vbether tbo 

;» pr«ciaii<w ia cams of the neceiaitee of 
thingei to coman, or ellaa that the 

"f tha pnriiaanoe. Bat I na enforea me 
oat now to ihowen it, that the bltydinge 
f5 of thingei y-wist bifara in neceMuie, bow 
to or in what manere that tbe ordre of 
MOMS hath it-self i al-thogh that It ne 
HfEOiA nat that tba prfwcifinoe brin^ in 
TiDo«8Bilee of bitydin^e to thingea to 

toDomen. For certea, yif that any wight 
dtteth, It bihoveth by nac«iil« that tha 
opinioon be aooth of bSm that Qonject«Ui 
th»t be aittetb ; and ayolnnnl atao is it 
of Ox» ooDtniTO : yif tba opiQioim be 

65 aooth of any wight for that bo eittjili, 
it bihovath hy necoaritfle that he attl«. 
Tbanna ia heec DeMasitce in that oon 
■nd in that other : for in thst cwn ia 
neeesaitea of alttiiige, and, oen«i, in that 

TOOliiariBDeoeHitooofaaoUi. Bat thcrfore 
Da ritt«th nal a wight, for Uuit tbe 
opinionn of tbe sittingo ia (ODth ; bat the 
opinlonn ia rHther sooth, for that a wigbt 
•icteth bifom. And Ihu, al-thogh that 

rs tha canae of tba tooth cociialh of Ibat 

other ayde (uuJts tevtJt, (Ant ol-Uogh l>ti 

• atweii/'KwtAcnfaUa/UaslUHv, oRilaal 

H/ Me Ireaa ejiiiiiotin), algataa yit ii tbei 

romane neoesalw in that oon and in 

So ihal other. Thns ahawoth it, that I may 
iiiakn aisnbtable akilo of the purviaanai 

aJtbiigh that, tor that tblngea ben la 
Gimivu, ther^ur* ban tbqy parrayail, nat. 

cert««, for that they hen pnrveyed, ther- Us 
fore ne Hlyda they oat. Yit nathelea, 
hihoveth it by Deoeaaitco, that either tbe 
thing^B to oofnen ben y-pnrveycd of god, 
or elles that the thingea tliat ben por- 
Toyed of god bityden. And thia thing 90 
only auffiaeth y'liongb to dfetroyen the 
freedom of onre arbitie, Oat U to (eyn, Cif 
otin/Tte H>U. Bnt now, certea, thaasOi tt 
VKt, *ow fir /ro tlu aoOit and how up40- 
doan ia tliia thing that we leyi], that tha 95 
bitydinge of temiiorel thinges !> cause of 
the eteme prescience. But for to wanen 
tliat god pnrvyetb the thinges to comen 
for tb^ ben to comen, what other thing 
ia it bnt for to wene that thiUia thingea lor 
tliat bitiddan wliylom ban caosai of Ihilka 
sovsrsin parryaoDCO Uiat I* in god t And 
hei^to J oMe yit thii thing that, right 
as wbon that I wot that a thing ia, it 
bibo'vetb by neooaaitea that thilke aelre lai 
thing be ; and eok, wlian I have knowa 
that any thing ihal bitydeo, an bybovath 
it by naceaaitae that Ihilke thing tntyde : 
—so folweth it thanna, that the bitydinge 
of the thing y-wiat tufom no may nat tk 
ben oarhaed. And at tbe laate, yif that 
any wigbt weue a thing to ben other 
weyoi tbonue it ia, it ia nat only on- 
Bcience. bnt it is deoeivahle opinionn ful 
diverse and fer Ai> the sotha of acience. trj 
Whorfure, yif any thing be bo to ontnen, 
that the bitydinge of bit DS be nat oet^ 
toin no neoeBBane, who may weten bifom 
that thilhe thing ia to numan? For right 
lis Bcionce ne may nat ben modlod with 1 k 
folsneisa (at vAo Kylll, Otot yi/ I tfot 
a lAint;. iC « may nol be yUae that /m irot 
it), right ao thtlke thing Utat li ooacsifud 
\iy Sbiaivce ne may net ben non other 
weys than as it ia oonoeived. For thai is 1:5 
the caoBD why that laiiineA wantelh lr«ng 
(u icko myth, vhy that vUitiae M rmflW* 
naUaii^afiSalittMl)-, fat it bihovoth, 
by neoeuiMe, that every thing bo riglil 
aascionooooiDiirehanaxIliittoba. What ■»> 
ahal I tbanna a#yn? In whlAha nianere 
knowetb gud bifum Iba things* ti> oomon, 
yif they nobenat mrtcinr For yif Uiat 
he doma that Uiry ben la eumon nn- 
eschewalily, asd to may tie that it ia ij.^ 

possible tlutt Cheroe sholloQ n&t cunien, 
god U dsooiTBd. Bat n«t only to trowen 
tbnt gud is deoeived, bat for to apeka it 
with month, it Is H fblonoTU siDoe, Bnt 
140 yifthat god wot that, right » as thiogM 
ben to comm, so Hhnllon they comon — so 
that lie wita egiily, « icho tyOi, indiffer- 
entin, that thiagea mowsn bon doon or 
ellesnatj-dooD — whatidthilliepreTCienca 

14s that na comprohsnaeth no cortoln thing 
ne sUbleT Or bU« vhat difformos It 
tbar hitwixa the pr»iciancD and lhilk« 
jap«-worthy divyninge of Tiraoie the 
divynonr, that geyAei ^ Al that I Aeje,'^ 

150 quod ho, " eilher It shal ba, or elloi it 
ne shal lut hot" Or oUea how mochel 
i> worth the devyna prescience mong 
thui the npiaiouii of nuuikicdB, yif so be 
thjit it demeCh the thioges uncertain, u 

15J men doao ; of the whiche damn of men 
the bitydingo nil oat certein* Bnt yif 
■0 he that non nncertein this^ no maj 
ben In bini tlut ii ligbt Mrtein welle 
tg Bile thingps. thanno is the bitrdings 

i6a oertein of thttke thingoe whicbe be bath 
wistbifbm farmelj to oomoa. For whli^h 
it folweth, that the ftecd.un of tbo con- 
■ei]« and of the werJios of numkind nis 
Hon, sin that Che thoght of god, that 

16; leetb alle thioKes witboat erroor of faU- 
oeise, Hndalh and conitreinetb hem to 
tk bitydinge bj/ luresn'toa And yif tlii? 
tbing be nata y-grannted and reoeiyed, 
Ud( U la Sfiyn, that Iher nig no fi'ee wiUe^ 

17D than Blieweth it wel, how greet destmcH 
oiona and bow greta damagfla ther fcilwen 
ofthinges oftflaaldiidD. Forinydelben 
tber thnnne pnrposeil and bihigbt medea 
to gode folk, and peynea to baJde folk, 

175 dn that no moevinge of free oomge 

vo! Ontario no hath nat deasrved hem, 

that U U> KV- ndf Act niede <u prynt ; and 

ib aboldo niae thanne, that ihilke thing 

aldei'wi > rs t , which that is now dataed 

Ip for aldermoet Just and moot right^l, that 

r i^tv MfR, that shrewcfl ben pnniBohed, or 

iUbb that goda folk ben y-gardoned : the 

fulb, lin that liir propre wil ne 

a nat to that con ne to that 

•at U In tfi/n, mrffSer !u (fflde ne 

I' Id hnmi bnt owutrvlneth hara oerti^iu 

of thinges to 00m 
na ahcUen ther nevero ben, ne nevere 
wereti, vyoe neTertn, bnt it ibolde rather 
ben eonfosionii of alle dssortes medled ■; 
with-oatan diBcrocioiin. And yit iher /li- 
iiKtA on-other (nromwnimt, +than. whioho 
ther ne may ben thoght no more foionons 
ne more wikke ; and that U tliii : that, bo 
&s the ordre of thinges ia y-led and ootnth 1^ 
of tho pDirianni^e of god, ne that no-thing 
nis loTflftil to the conseilesof monkinde 
((U mho xrylh. thai men han no power to 
doon no-lhin{jy nf mine northing), than fol- 
weth it, that onre vycta bea referred to n 
the maker of alle good (ai kAo Myth, than 
/blutelh U, that god ougUe han the blame of 
nun vyta, «fn h» (onMrAndh in hi/ ntcet- 
tftee to dbon rycetj, Thanno is Iher no 
resonn to hopen in god, ne fbr to preyen x 
to god \ for what obolde any wight hopen 
to god, or why iholde ho proyen to god, 
■In that the ordeoannoe of destinee, which 
that ce may nat hen inolynttd, knitteth 
[neth aUe thinges that men may a 

deslrenT Than 
away thilke only allyBnnoe bitwlit 
and men, that is to »eyn, to bosieii 1 
prej-en. Bnt by the prys of rightwi 

mtbe > 

gcrdonn of the divyne gmc«, which that 
is inestimable, that ii to Kyn, thai It beo 
greet, thai it ne maj/ not ben J\il y-prenitll. 
And thifl is only the manere, thai it to 
Miffl, hope and jrrej/ene, for which it ' 
■emeth that men moweci spoke with god, 
and by resonn of snpplloacionn be con- 
joined to thilke eleem^He, that nis nut 
aprochfld no rather or that men beseken 
it and impetren it. And ylf men weae i 
nat that hope na preyores ne han no 
strcngthos, by the neoesaitee of thinges 
to comen y-received, wliBt thing is ther 

joined and olyven to thilke soverein 3 
prince of thinges? For which it bihoveth, 
by neoesxitoe. that the linage of roaD> 
kinde, as than songe a litel her-bifom. 
be deported and m^'oined trtna his welle, 
and fallen (^ hii btginningf, that ii to 2 

Umam HL QHMan dliumftdefa rerum. 
Whkt lUnordBbls CAiue h»th to-nnc 

of UUneCH. tlinl u to NV>>> 'ha fofirunccuwa 
Of fl>A (nd manf Whiolie god h*tb 
S (■tabliahcd » greet bittaile bitvriien 
thjao two KwthfaK or lomk/ tliisges, 
Uat <■ Is ayn, Uti^wii f A* .puiiifaiinu 4/ 
#Ml Oad /yw Kit, that Ihey ben idDgiiler 
and da*7iled. jn, (tut they lu wdIbd Dst 

u> b* madBlod ae oonpled to-gidere? Bat 
Uwr ail bd diaoord to tlie Terray Ihingea, 
bBt thay olyven, o«rt«m, alwey to hoio- 
mH. BBtlhithoBglitof man, ctmlbaiulad 
and (ngrthtvwan by the dirks membrea 

15 irf tbe body, OB may nat, by fyr of hia 
■tarked Iwkinff, Oai it to Myn, by tht 
Wtgou^af M* huighU, vAiiI (&< KHiI^ u in 
rl< *odff, knows the Ihiun* mbtU kuitt- 
iagMofUunsat. ButirberfDrDeQchaufoth 

■> it 10, hy •!> graM lore, to HnOcji thilka 

MtM gf noUi 7^«c>TMed i thut U to mgn, 

wttrjbn Meka(</W* (ta Uagkl (^ nan »]r 

«> gnti i mtr (a ibiixem tkUke mtificaciim* 

Aal tm ipMd lauUr the araertmira of 

^tB«lkf Wot il aught Ibilko thing that it, 

angniaeou*, dasirslh tu Itnoiru? Attcko 
(dlA, tta^; JUr no man IrawiUlh Jar to 

ao vitoa Ihinguy-knnwe? And yif that he 
oe kDuwirtii hem nat, what ukelh thilke 
Uisd* thoght F What ia be that deainjth 
any thing of which b» wot right uaoght? 
At (F*d MM. Hko m Ojitinlli uny thing, 

SS *s«u, wimetat he ttmeeth of it; or Met. 
k« a* towU nat d/tfn It Oc who may 
Kolwan UiivKua tbat ne bea nat r-wiit/ 
jtad frtiitr<k EAfll Aa triu tho Ihinya, wher 
■bal ha Undo hem? What wiKht, thmt is 

40 >I BBennningn sad ignoraast, may 
kao*«& the forme that ia y.fauiide ? Bat 
whan tlia eoolB biholdoth and Beeih the 
bigra thoght. (Hot It la k^m, ffod, than 
klMwaeb it tu-gidere the aumme and the 

45 ^BgnlaritMf. Oat U to Kyn, thr pHndpUt 
and tmriek bo htm^lf. Hut sow. wbyl 
tfaa Knla U hid in the elmde and in Iba 
dvkoueaaa of the mambTM of thp body. 
II na halh oat al Ibr-yiten It-aelf, bat 

it wlth-holdeth the oomme of thioges, 
nod lowtb the aingnlaritees. Thgjme. 
whu-eo that Beoketh soothnaHe, he nis in 
cuither nother habits i for he noot Iiat al, 
tie he ne hatb nat at faiyeten : but yit 
him rwuembnth tbe domme of thingei 
that ha with-holdeth, and azoth cooaeil, 
and retret«th deepliche thixtgea y-itiyn 
bifom, that it to wv'ii Iht greU lomtM in 
hli mimU : so tiiat he mono addeu the 
partiea that be hath fui-yetea lo thilko 
tbat he bath with-hoJdec' 

Paon IV. nin ilia .' Vitta, inqutt, hae at 
Tbaniie aeido she : ' Ihia ia,' quod iho, 
' tbe aide qoaatiua of tbe parviaonce of 
god ; and Miu-cni TnlUoa, whan he de- 
vj-dod the divynaciunns, (Anf it to leyn, in 
hit book that ht icreot iif iHoi/taelouiu, be 
znoevede gretly thia queationn ; and thon 
tby-eelf boa y-aooght it mochol, and 
ontrelf, and lunge 1 but jit ne bBtli ic 
DBt ban dctermiiuid na y-aped feimely 
and diligenUy of any of yow. Ajid the 
eanae of thia derkeneaMt and of thla difQ- 
goIUm la, for that tbe Bmevinga of the 

to {that it to tet/n, apptgen orjoinn to) the 
simplicit'^e of the devyne preacieoce ; the 
wliioha timpllrllet of Iht deiiinM yracliiKt, 
yit that men mighten thinken it in any 
maner, (hot IttuKnn, (kill! vj/nwn mtghtat 
thinteii and comprthmden the thineet at 
god telh hem, tbaane De ihulde tber 
dwelleu oDtrely no donte : the whlche 
rttaan and euuiA a/digieuUei IihaliuaBya 
at the laeta to ahowe and to apedell, 
wbao I have fint y-^>ended and anawerad 

> tho 
^ved. For 

hem that aaauilen this 
nat apHedfo] y-nongh 
i whiche eolMioMi, or 

oomen, than ne wenetta it 
nat that Cnedom of wil ba da>(orb«d «r 

y-let by preecJuDoe. Poi 
nat argmnetila from eUca-whurg 
of tliiogM lo-(uuaan l.i 

^4ef9fu0. fgooi V: (prose 17. 

tilth, ooy ethrr tatji than tkiu) bat that 
Ihllfce UungM Uwt the proKii<tir<« wot 
blfitni ce mmren nat lUiUtTiIe ' That U 
to 10 «vn, that they neirn bltyiU. Bui 
thsuue, ;if tli&t pnaoience no pnttoth 

tfamt th7-celf lu«t aonfeaied it and U- 
kuowen ■ litel her-bifom, wlmt caoao or 

45 what ia it (ru itho nith, Iher man na cawa 
bt) by whtoh that the endfis Tolimtaxie of 
thingea mighCen be coIutrF^Bd to Dert«m 
hit yUinge ? For by giaoo of pomtioun, » 
that tlion mowe tho b«tera underBtooda 

fo thi* that folweth, I pose, per impo—ibile, 
that ther bo no preacienco. Thaime uie 
t,' qnod she, ' in as isaoliel M apertienvth 

ooman of froo nil bsn oooatreined to bi- 
iS tydan by naoM»it«B?' Boece, "Nay," 

■ Thauue ayeiuward,' qaod sbt-, ' I lap- 
p«e that ther bo pruoionco, but that it 
na pattfitb no dscosbIIm to thiogsB ; 

So thanne trowe 1, that tbllko Kfllve ft*oedom 
of wn ihal dwellen al hool and abeolat 
and nnbouudaa. Bat thoa w»lt Beyn 
that, al-be-it (a that pr«soietics nia uat 
canie of the noceaaitae of bitjidinga to 

lis tluages to comeu, algales yit it is a signs 
that the tiiiogeB ben to bitydon by 
noceaaltee. By thii mauero tbanne. al- 
Chogh the prsHcieuos Da baddo nnvur 
y-baa, yit algoU or al lAa UaU vieya it 

fa is oerteia thins, ^^' ^^'> endes and 
bitydiDg«s of thingec to comeD shoIdeTi 
boD Dooeaiarle. For every Bisce sheweth 
and signi^th only what the thing is, 
bat it ne maliBUi nat the thing that it 

IS slgoiiyeth. For whioh it UhoveCh flnt 
to shewsD, that na-thing na bitydetb 
that it ne bitydgth by neeessitoa, so that 
it may appete that the prescienoo is sigite 
of this neosHitee ; or ellss, yif ther nere 

to DO oeoaHilee, oertss, tbiike prenienoa 
ne mighta nat bo Bigne of thing thai nia 
nat. fint certet, it is now certein that 
theproeve of this, y-sostened bystidafoat 
FMOon, ne ahal nat boa bid ne proeved 

Ij by signss no by argnments y-loken fro 
with-oote, bnt by ca<u« oovonable and 

may it bs that the tbingies na bitydan 
nat that ben y-purveyad to oonion 9 Bat, 
oertes, right a< wo troven tha« Xbo in 
thingea which that the parvianae wot 
bifom to oomeu ne ben nat to bitydan ; 
bnt that be ■hiildea we oat demen ; but 
rather, oJ-thogh that thoy ahat bitydeti, 
yit ne have thoy no naeeiettee of hir 9, 
kinds to bityden. And this majstow 
lightly BpsrceiTon by this that I sJidI 
seyn. For we aeon many thinges wiian 
they ben don bifom onre eyen, right aa 
man seen tha oartare worken in the 11 
tomioge or atempcinge or adressinge of 
hise cartas or charieted. And by thi* 
manere (a» who teilh, mayitiMB Hudirifoilill) 
of alle othoro woribnsn, le ther thanne 
any necessiteo, 04 who sfAit, in oure i( 
lokin^, that oonstreineth or oompeUeth 
any of thilka ihlnges to ban don aoi' 
Bora, ' Nay,' qood I ; ' for in ydel and 
ia Teyn were al the effwit of orail, yif 
that alls thingea veren moevgd by con- 11 
Btminings ; ' Oiat it to leyti. by eonstninfflge 
HfoitTe tyen or tt/avra tight, 

• The thingea thanne,' qnod iha, ' that, 

siteo that men doon hem, eeh tlio Bame 11 
thinges, first or tbay ben doon, they ben 

ther ben somme thinges to bitydan, of 
which the endos and the UtydingeB of 

Bitoe. For ceriea. I ne tnnre nat that 
any ninn woldo seyn Uiis : that tho 
thingos that men doon now, that they 
ne weron to bityden £Ent or they weren 
y-dooD ; and thilke snma thinges, al- la 
thogb that men had y-wist hem hil'om, 
yit they ban free hitydinges. For right 
■ssoionco of tbingaa present ns bringsth 
in Do neoessitee to tbingcfl that men 
duou, right so the presciance of thinges ij 
to oomen ne bringeth in no neceadtae tg 
Uiinges to bityden. fiat thou mayst seyn, 
that of thitlio same It is yloalad, aa 

y-— > ii Ufbm, thM iieiwnit«« IMweth 
ID bMB ; uid rJf DSoaaaiW* Qulelh ham, 
Uic7 114 tnig^ien nat ben wict bifam, 
jund that &o-thJnff ne ma^ ben oruDpre- 
bended br science bat certem ; and jif 
Ibo thmgei tlist ue luui no certBiu bi- 
\S trdmeefl ben parveTad aa oert^iin, it 
ghoble ben ilfrhTiiwin of opinioiui, nat 
■denoa. And thoa 
« thkt it be dlvona fro the hool- 

m dame a thing to ban othar'WeyB tbanne 
it it tt-fclf. And tbe oanls of thii arrDare 
it, thmt ot alle the Uiinf^ that tvurj 
(■ight bath r->ui°'e> '>>'V wanen that 
thu tbin^ea been jr-Lnowe al-oonly by iJia 

■ 5-5 atren^be and by the natore of tbe 
iLin^vfl tbat ben y^viat or y-koowe ; and 
II U al tbo oontrarie. For al that ever 
U y-knuwa, it is rather oemprcbquded 
and knntnm, uaE bfter lu> atren^e and 

160 Ilia naliire, but after the faonltee. that 
li tOM^UwiuMdcrtHid tAeiudin, orhem 
iluU knowMu And, tar that thia thing 
like MiEka reundneaae of a body, othe^ 

165 W7B the Bi^t« tj£ the eye knoweth it, 
and ether-veyu tbe Umchin^c^ Tbe 
lokini^ by eaatinge of hia bemee, vatteth 
and neth (rom iter •! the body tu-gidere, 

i;a toofrhinKc drveth and aonjuinetb to the 
tHUul* body, and maereth aboate tbe 
mfiro&tose, and eomprehondeTh by 
IHUtlea the nnndneaaa. And 
hln-Mlt other-wieyi 

'75 and othei^waya imaginaciQim, and other* 
urgya naDtm, asd othar-way* inlelligeaoe. 
For the wit eomiirahandatli witboaln- 
fnrth tlie fifuia of iJis body of tbe niaa 
that IteatabUiMd intbe BUrtBrembject; 

ite but tha ImayMnrienn oamprehendBih 
aolf th» tifpan witbonte 

d lokin^ the 

• (pan thai i* ia the aicgukir 

Bnl Iba eye of icteUisena) ii 

I for it •anDaOBteih tha eDviron- 

' Uu uiuveniM*. and hiokatli, over 

I, ij intra nbtilitM pf ib<«bt, thilha 

' ~ ' ■ (fax it iwp- 

dtrrably (n Iht divyne fAogjiAt. In wbicha ig 
Ihia ungbto greetly ta ben cvDsidered, 
that the bpyMte etri^ngthe ta ecunpre- 
hoDden thinges eubnuetii and poDticQeth 
the lowere strengthe i bnt the lorere 
etrengthe ne aiyseth nnt ic no manere 1; 
to beyere Btreogthe. For wit ne may 
ni>thiDg comprehendo out of matere, no 
tbe imitKiDacioan ne lolEstb nat the nni- 
vcnels apeoes, ne cceenn taheth nat the 
simple forme ao at inttUifjenfe taketh it j ac 
biit intelligence, that loohetb si aboven, 
wliati it halh eomprebonded 'he forme, 
It knoweth and duneth alle the thinges 
that ban nnder that forma. But tkt 
tnoittlh hem in thilko manere in Uie k 
whicfae it oomprebendeth thilka uuno 
simplr) forme that ne may never bun 
knowen to noneof that other; lliat if M 
•syn, to itont 0/ Uio thrtt /brttide thlngct 
Hftlu touU. For it knoweth tbe imiver- i" 
sites of ruoon, and the fignre of the 
imBginacJoim, and the Mniible matarial 
coneeiced hj/ vU ; ne it ne usetb nat nor 
of reninn ne of imaginaeioon ne of wit 
witboule-forth ; bnt it bihableth olio 11 
thingea, so aa t ehal nye, by a itrok of 
thought formely. ailhovtt dlta/art or ml- 
ladoun. Certes reaonn, whan it looketh 
anything tmiTenel, it ne nseth nat of 
iroaginaoionn, nor of witte, and algntca Ji 
yit it oomprehendeth the thingea imagin- 
able and aeniible ; for raeonn is aha that 
diffiniaiath the tmiveml of hir conieyto 

foted beeit. And bow so tbat this ii 
knowinge ia nniverml, yet nla ther no 
wight tbat ne woot wel that a man ia 
a thing imaginable and nenaible ; and 
this same coDBideretb wel reaoun ; bat 
tbat nil nat by imaginacinnn nor by wit, i j 
bnt it lonketfa it by a reaenable eonenp- 
ciotm. Also imaginadmm, a]-b<Kit«o tbat 
it taketh of wkt the begiuniDge* to aecn 
and lo formen (he fl^ons, algatea, al- 
thogh tbat wit na ware nat praunt, yit ij 
it envlronelb and oomprehendeth alia 
tbingee Hnaible ; nat by reaonn aaniibia 
of dcdninge, bnt by reaomi ImagiDBlif. 
SaMlDW nat thanna that alio the tliingia, 

« uf Mr liuiiltea >t 

in knowiugn, a 

C6oe($tu6. (gooft V: {mefre rv. 

or of bir pcnrer Uuuk Ihef/ dooa of Olt 
SxvXUe or futuer of thinges that ben ;- 
haowe i I4e ttiat nis nut wrong ; for ao 
afl ovury jugement is Uia d#]e or doiuge 
=45 of him Umb demoth, it biboveth thiit 
every wigbt pertbims the werk and bis 
eiit«ncioiXQ, nut of foroice power, but of 
hia propro power, 

■Hlvru tV. <}uimdam portietu atiuUL 

' The Porcbe, Oiat it lo tegf, n oa(« t/ 
l\e tuw) q/ Alhmei Iher-at ptUtotophrti 
hadiUn hir congrtf/aeiinin lo dttpMten, 
tbllke Pocchs bronghlc wim-tynio idde 
S men, rd derke in liir ■enteacea, Ihat 
ii (u legn, phUmojAra that htghtai 
StaUlrra. that weaden (h*t imac« ud 
MluiHUteea^ that it tc «fyn, tcuUrle imagin- 
aciount, or ellrt imaniiiaciount of tauible 

10 thinsei, varan smpreinted in-lu sowlei 
Ck U'ldlta '<rttlioiit»-i'ortli ; at kAo tttth, 
that Ihillte Stoi<*f<u wndni thnt tha luwU 
haddt Itn nated iif il-telf, at a mimur or 
a dent parchemia, » Ihal alU figvret 

15 m/ulenfirii CDmtnfro Uiingetfro icUMoule- 
forih in-to KKtUt, and ben empnbiltd ftWe 
tavilti : TcxI 1 right ma we ben woDt eom- 
tyme, by » vwifte poiutol. to flaoheii 
lottrea ompreintad in the EmoUtenane or 

to in the pleiuneno of the table of wei or 
in jMTchOBin thkt ne batb no ilgoro ne 
nols in it. Gloee. But now argurlh 

" It opMouny and teitk 
Bat yif tbs tbiyringe Bowie ne un- 

B.fbyteth no-tbing, that it lo Kjii, ne iloth 

E'*»4Miv, by blB propre moevinges, but, 

to tho notes at bodiM wtthonUcforth, 
idyildetb iniageB ydol and T«yn in the 
of t, miroTir, whrainea tbryveth 
•r whoiinM oomth tbilke know- 
ooi bowIb, that diHcenieth and 
Ji ftlle thingaa f And wbemties ii 
'la thai^ biholdelb the dnga- 
; oc ohenuea is the strengtbo 
ieth Uiinges y-knowe ; and 
ongLhe tbftt gaderetb to-^dere 
m deryded ; and the itrengthe 

Fui tom-^rnie it bevetfa op the beved, 40 
that ii Co MVH, that it htveth up Ue nltn- 
doun to right hei/t thinga ; and aom-tyrae 
it dosoondotb in-to right lowe thinges. 
And whan it retometh in-Io bitii-«elf, 
it reproeveth and destnjyeth the false 45 
thingBs liy the trewo thinges. Certes, 
(Jus Htrengthe is cause more efficient. 

knoae thingt*, than thiike oaose tbnl 
snfEreth and receiveth the notes and the 50 
Sguros impressed in mnoer of tcatere, 
Aigatea the pueionn, thai ii to Mi/n, I'M 
nffrauaa or th* wil, io tha qnlke body, 
goth biforo, exEitJngo and mnevinge tbt- 
atrengtbea of the tboogllt. Bight bo ns KS 
whan that oleemegse Bmytetb the cyen 
and moeadrt hem to iKn, or right ao aa 
void or soun hurtflletb to the ena and 
commoenelh hem to Jierkna, tluin is the 
Btrengtbe of the tlionght y-moeved and 60 
ainited, and clepeth forth, to BemUabls 
EQoevIiiges, the bi>ocos that it halt with- 
iime it-eelf; and addeth tho speces to 
tho notes and to the thinges witbout&> 
forth, and modloth the iraa^os of thbigea <>5 
vilhoat«-f(irth to tho fiinoea y-bidde 
wiUi-Inne bim-*elC 

PaosB V. Quod ti in corporibiu ttntleadii. 

But what yif that in bodies to ben 
bded. thai It to Hyni '" "" takinge <if 
knomlechinge of bodily thinget, and al-be- 
it so that the qnaliteei of bodiea, that 
ben objaoto fro wilbonte-forth, moeven S 
ai^d entatenten the inatmmenta of the 
wittea ; and al-bo-it so that the pasaioun 
of the body, thai it to teyn, tha Kil or tlt^ 
emff*ai"ff, goth i«-fum the strengtbe of 
the workinge oorage, the which pAasioan la 
or sn&aDnte depeth forth the dede of 
tbe tbogbt in him-ulf, and moeveth and 
BXoiteth in thia mene whyla the fonnra 
that resten withisne-forth ; and yif that, 
in sansihle bodies, aa I have aeyd, onr ij 
corage nis nat y-tanght or empreinted 
by paaaioun to i^nove thiae Ihtfiffea, bnt 
demetb and knowsIJi, of hia owno 
strengthe, tha paisiutLn or lutbaunM 

to (BlyMt lo Um body : maclie i 

tho •Jiingu Uiat bni abfolat md quite 
&1I bUo MIodU or uSHiauniiu ot bodies, 
■1 fod or hit dHiwcIef, De Iblwan Dnt in 
diaceiBinge Uungee ol^Mt fro nriUtonte- 

15 biUi, bnl tbey Bcoompliaihea uid speden 
the dede of hij thoght. By thi« rsamui 
Uiania thsr cornau muy muier know- 
iiigB* to dyrane and differing* aob- 
Wnneaa. For the wit of the Iwdr, the 

y> wtiichs Tit ii naked and deii»iled of 
alia other knowingei, Uiilke wit comlh 

kam-aalf bar and ther, aa oyttrtM and 

!■■■*»(■!>, awl oUur Bctche ■hells-fith of 

U the ace. that otjroa and ben norijilLed 

to temaabJe bpeitoa, that ■omen to hou 

But reaonn ii al-unl; to the licaga of 
^ manklndc^ right oa intelligeiioe ia o&ly 
(to] the Aevyue nature : of whioh it fol- 
wath, that ehiike knowlnge ii more worth 
thao thin othte, dn it knoweth by hia 
propra natnre cat onlj hi> mbjMt, at 
*S leko ttUX, it IK knoiath not at-tMtt tHat 
OftrtiaittS projieHll U> hit knovmgt, bnt 
it knuwflth the ml^eGti of iUla other 

■MO, that It itia right iuui{;ht ? For tM 
obmI Imatlmadoim ttgn Uot that, that la 
xaaibla or imaglnahls, it na map net ba 
f5 Bni**n*l. IliaiuM ia either the joge- 
Biant uf tMOun •ootb, ne that ther lua 

wot iral that many tbingea ban mbjeot 

Boon vsyn and false, 
which that loketh and comprchendeth 
that tha* ia luiBibla and lingnlcr as 
Bniremil. And yif that rasoan wolde 
Mwwaraa vtia to thi*a two, thai it to 

Myn, that lODthly «he hiiHMlf, fAu( It to 
ttf, ntoun, loketb and ootoprclieadath. 
hy raacnui of niuirenaliteo, bathe that 
that la uBiuilila and Ihat that ia imagin- 
V aUa t and that thLUu> two, lAoC It to tyn. 

vsit and inxifrfnadoiiii. ne mowea nst 
BtrSMhen ne enhanscn hem-self to the 
knawinge of nniverBalltee, for that tha 
knowings of h«m no may exoedea ne 
EnnQonnte the bodily figoiea : certcs, of 75 
the knowinge of thingea, men onghtea 
rather jevon credence to the more rtedis- 
faat and to the more parfit jogement. 
In this maner atryvinge thaniic, we 
that haa strengtbe of reaoninge and of &> 
imagininse oDd of wit, thai u to Kvn, 
bji re«Hin and by imanimtciotin and by mil, 
we shoUo rather pieyae the cause of 
reSDon ; at mho teilh, lAon the eauta a/ 
loU and q/imaffiwu^owL S5 

Sembbtfala thing is it. that tfao reKran 
of mankinde ne weneth nat that tho 
devyno intelligonco bi-boldolb or know- 
eth thingoa to oomen, bat right as tha 
reaonn of mankind* knoweth hem. For 9a 
tbon argnett and wyat thua : that yif 
it na aema nat to men that some thingaa 
hau certein and Dec«HKri8 biCydingaa, 

teinly to bityden. And thanne nil ther 95 
no prescience of thilka thingea ; and yif 

thingea, thanne ia ther n 
ne bitydeth by nea 
yif we migbten han the jngement of tha fa 
devyne tbcght, as «a ben panooere* of 
reaonn, right ao as wa ban demed that 
it behoteth that imaginacioan and wit 
be binethe reaonn, right so wolds ws 
demen that it ware rigbtfnl thing, that lof 

aetf and to ben binethe the dlvyne 
tbeebt. For wbicb, yif that we mowen, 
at nho teilh, (AM, iri< lAol tM MoHen, 
I countei^, lltat we enhanse a* in-to tha ■ >' 
heighte of thilke sovereyn 

it ne toay nat bihohlen in it-self. And 
eort« that is this, in what maner tha 
prescianoe of god seetb alle tbin^ea oer- 11 
toina and dlfSnisahed, al-tliogh they u« 

. Ibmti T. Quan woiit UrrU animaiia 

Tha heatiM paamsa by the erthM by fal 

divena figorBS. For gam of hem baa hi 

bodies Rnnght uid cropea in the dost, 

and dmwBD ftflor hem ■ traa or a fornh 

S f-oontiDned ; thai is to m^, iu nadra or 

•BotM. And otJiar beeite^ by the wan- 

drinea I%htafle»e of hir wingca, bat*n the 

windM, And over-swimiaen the gptweg of 

Ihalongeeyrbyrooiatfleeinge. And other 

ID beeil«B glnden hem-aelf ts diggim hirtnu 

oi hir tteppes in th« erthe with hir Boic^ 

or with hir feet, and to goon either by 

the erene felde*, or ollea to -wolkeii under 

the wodas. And al-be-lt (o that Ihon 

15 least that tbcy alio discoiden by diverse 

fnrmes,Blgat«ihiTfBua,encliDed, havietb 

hir dulle wittes. Only ibelinseeofaum 

hevoth hefsMe hts heye heved, and 

I itondetb light vith liiB up-right body, 

^0 ud triholdeth Uie erthM andw Um. 

K And, bnt-yif thon, erthely mui, vexest 

V jvet out of thy vit. this Bgare eavmettalb 

I Uiee, that axest the hevena -with thy 

rights *i»iigc, snd host Hreyud thy fom- 

*S heved, to boren np a-hoigh thy oorago ] 

■a tlial thy thoght ne be nat y-betied ne 

put lowe nnder fotv, sin that tfay body is 

tto heye uoyaad. 
Pmsi VI Qiumlam Igttur, tOlpauOo 

Tbsrfiir Uuume, as 1 Iuto iheved B 
litfll ber-bifnm, that al thing that is 

proptQ, tnt by the nntnre of hem that 
B OOmprebeiuIfln it, Ut tu loke now, in ea 
moobsl M it is leraftU to as, oi wAo m'lh, 
lal tit lala HOW at lee ■wven. which thut 
ths eatjit in of the devyiu) Babstaunu ; so 
tliBt WO mowBD eek knowen what his 
a is. The comnnuie jogemant of 


th»t god is Btoroe. 1 
Uuume -wbaX is stemitee ; for cartes that 
■hal ihewen ns to-gidere the djsvyna 
>S nature and tha devyne loianM. Eter- 
nitee, thanne, isFaTStpoiuniotiiiandaJ- 

togiders of lyf inlenninaUa ; and thilt 
sbeweth more oleocly by the oomparisonD 
or tha oollaoionn of temporel thingea. 
For al thing that litath in tytne it is 
present, and prooedeth fto praterita in-to -. 
ftituTBi, that a to leyn, fro (inna patted 
dn-to Ijpnt eananja ; ne thar nii no-lhlog 
establiaihed in tyme that may cmbraDsi] 
to-gider al tbo space of bis lyf. For 
i^ertos. yit ne hath it tak™ the tyme of ' 
to-morwe, and it hath lost the tyme of 
yisterday. And certes, in the lyf of this 
day, ye ne liven no more hot right as in 
the moevablo and transitorie momenl 
Hianne thilhe Uiing that sn&oth tem- 1 
poral oondioioiui, al<thogh tliat it never 
bigan to be, ce tbogb it never cese for to 
be, aa Aristotle demed of the world, and 
»i-thogh that the lyf of it be strecched 
with inflnitse of tyme, yit algates nil j 
it no ewich thitig that men migbten 
trowen by right that it ia etema. For 
al-thogh that It ocrmptslisiide and em- 
brace the npAoe of lyf inSnit, yit algates 
ne embrsoeth it nat the space of the lyf 4 
al-Iogidor ; for it ne bath nat the fBtnres 
that nebennatyit, iwieRcAaM no I«i0<r 
Ms fnterttt that boi y-Ooon or v-pami. 
Bat thilke thing thanne, that hath and 
oomprehendeth to-gider si the plentee of 4 
the lyf intemunahla, to whom ther ne 
fkilethcanghtof thefntore, and to whom 
ther dIs naoght of the preterit escaped 
y-paased, thilke same is ^--witnessed 
and y-pKkoved by right to be atema. And ^ 

bihoveth by neoessitee that thilke 
thing be al-woy present to lum-aalf, and 
oompolent ; ai tcho leith, al-ictj/ pnteta to 
hin-tfl/, and to mighly tial ai be riglU oi 
Mtplaautiet; and that he have al prsaant S 
the infinitee of the moetabls Cyme 
Wher-lor sora men trowen wrongAlIly 
thatt whan they heren that it semede to 
Plato that this world ne hadds nevsr 
beginninge of tyme, ne thiW it never 6 
han f^tilinge, they vrenen in this 
IT that this world he maked oocteme 
with his maker ; aa icha telih, llteu msu 
lAii iBorld and ^od iea noted Icatdtr 
I, and that (i a tcrtmaful Ksnjnira. A; 
For oUiar thing is it to ben ylad V Iff 

world, u 



U aider t 

QBot^iue. (gooR V: (J)ro« vt 


■tnUnuiiuble, m Plato gratiDleil 
■world, and other tliine ig it to ambraos 
" iral the pruuit of the lyf 

e, tlie whiche thing it a deer uid 

I proiira to the devyDO 

I tboght. 

I Ne it ueeboldenAtHiineiitoTiB, Chat god 
U alder thouna tbiiigea th&t ben y-makcd 
JS hy qiuutltea of tyme, bot rather by tho 
propretee of hie aimiile natnia. For thji 
Oka influit moaringe of temporal thin^ea 
rUwatb tbia prsaentaria eataC of lyf un- 
moarabU i and «o aa it no aas cat 
So ooastrofates it oe fefnea it no be even- 
lyk« to ft for the inmoevAbletee. thai it U> 
«evn, thai ft in tXt tUrnittt of god, it 
failatii and fmllath iu-to moeringe fro the 
^^K (implicitee of the preaimca nfgod, 


falnre and of preterit : and so as it ne 
ban to-«idar al the plenteo of 
lbs lyt, algBl« fit, for u mocbe m it no 

i-dsl to Di, that it folwatb and 
thilka thing that it no tno; 
DM alajme to ns foIfiUen. and bindeth 
it-a*l/ to lora maner presence of thia litel 
and iwifta moment ; the which praenca 
9$ O/Uiit lllft arul rrt/te nurnimt. for that it 
bvralb a maner Imags or lyhnoaae of the 
V'-dvallinSo pr«anoo 0/ god. it gisunt' 
etb, to awlcbe maner thi ngee aa it bitydeth 
ta» tluki ii aemeth hem aa thiae thingea 
HB iam y*m, omd ban. 

And, fur tbat Itui pntena of mridt lUtl 

ne m^ nat dwalle, ther-for it 

i and took tba infinit way of 

a, Oal it (0 tgn, bji tuatmiiiun ; and 

ia it y-d«m, for that it 

ae tba lyf in gainge, of the 

ne uighte nat eubraoo the 

lellinge. And for-lby, yif 

pntlen worthy nsniea to 

(blwen Plato, Ut ni wyg 

y, thai god ia eterne, and 

parpetnaL Thanne, ain that 

i«thinge< that ben 

bo bltn. tber ia aootbly to cod, 

Mome and proecotarie eetot ; 

ri-"" of Mm, that over-paiaelh 

at tempDrel moevement, dwelleth in the 
■implicitee of his jireaenoe, and embrar^ith 
and Donaidereth alle the infinit spacei of 
tymca, praterita and fatoree, and loketh, 
in hia dinple knowinge, alte thingee (t/* 
preterit right aa thay varen y-doon pre- 
sently right now. Yif than woll thanna 
thenken and aTyae the preacience, by 
vbieh it knoireth alia thingea, thoa ne 

bat it sholde rather I 

it ia acieuoe of preeesco or 
lat Dovar Da Aiiletb. For 
it y-c1eped " preridi 


is eatabliuhed fi 
right lowo tbinget, and hihotdath tiom 
B-fsr alio thinges, right m ii vera &o the 
heye heigbte ofthinges. Wbyaiaatow 

thanne, or why deapntcatow tluume, that 
thilke thingea hsn doon by neoesaitae 
nbicha that ben y-aeyn and knowen by 
tliB dflvyns Biglit«, lio thai, ronothe. meo 

which that they seen ben y-doon in hir 
sighte? For addotb tby bifaoldioge any 
neceuitse to thilke thinge* that thou 
biboldest presante f ' ' Nay,' qood L 

FUloiophla, ' Cartas, thanne. if men 
mighte niakea any digne oomparisonn or 
collaoioan of the preaaneo devyne and of 
the presecM of mankinde, right to as ye 
seen lome thingea in this tempat«l pr» 
font, right 10 seeth god alia tblnges by 
his etama preaent. Wbor-fora tbis de- 
vyne prflsoience no chaungeth nat the 
natnre na tbe proprotae of thingea, bnt 
biholdoth (wicbe thingea present to biio- 
ward as they shojleo bityds to yow-ward 
in tyme to comen. Ne it oonAmodeth 
nat the jngement of ihiogat ; but br o 
aighta of hia tboogbt, be knowtUi Uu 
thinges to oomei), as wel neoeSHtria as nat 
niirmnnrin Bight ao as wban ye aaen 
t<>gidar a man walkeu on tho ortha and 
the aoutie aiysen in tbe kereue, al-ba-il su 
that ye Hen and bifaolden that oOD and 
that other t^gider, yit natheifa ye dnoisn 
and diKomon that that oon is vnlnntaria 

thatino Ibo dofyno lookinge, biholdinga 


tfliue. QBiooB V: |pres« VI. 

atle tbingea tinder him, ne tmnbletli tiU 
■70 the qmUitae of thijxgei that ben c«rteiiily 
proBDnt to him-WATd ; but, ui to the con- 
dioioDn of tyms, fonotbe, thvy bou 
fnlnre. For wbiali it folwetli. that this 
n.La noon opiuiaau, but isUier s stedofut 
■75 knonringe, y-etieugthiyl by sooUinosBe, 
ttULli whiLiuio that god knoweth anything 
io he, ha n* nnwot Dikt that thilke thing 
« to be i (Ml b €0 tfyn. 

iSo M(]ris, Ad wot mt Cha( it m Aat* m »«:<(- 
llt« to Mif(t& And jrif thoa TCjnt liecr, 
I thai thilke thing that god weth to 
^1 bityde. It us may nat nnbityde (<u mho 
H —tlh, U uuf iiiyde), and thilka thing that 
Bib De may nat nnbityile it mot bityde by 
HBoemitee, and that thon Btroyno me by 

conlbaHOi and bilinowe a thing of fol Bad 

troatbe, but unnelhe ehal therauy vight 

tgn mo«e am it or come thor-to, but-yif (hat 

lu be bikolder of the dstyne thogbt For 

I wol Buwsmi thea thni ; that thilke 
thing that ia fatore, vhan it is rafecrod 
to the deryne ktiowm^e, thanne la it 
191 neeaaaada ; bat oertes, wban it ia nndar- 
■tonden in bis owns kinda, men Been 
It is outrely free, and alHotat fro olio 

For oerMs, tbor ben two muieros of 

300 necegaitee. That odd neo«ssit«e is liiaple, 
a« thos : that it bihoveth by neoewitoe, 
that alle men be mortal or deedlv. 
Another neciAaitee ia conditioneli as thus : 
yif thon iroat that a man mlketh, it 

•05 biboreth by neoenaitea that he vallce. 
Thilko thing* thanne that any ivi^bt bath 
y-knowe to be, it no may ben Hon other 
weyes thanne be kooneth it to be. Bnt 
this oondicioun ne draoeth nat with bir 

110 thilkfl naoeoitoe Eimple. For cartes, thia 
neoefliit«e coruliUofUl, the propre natnro 
of it ne makath It nat, bat the adjaccionn 
of the Dondjcionu maketh H. For no ne- 
oessltoe ne constreynoth a man to gon, 

'■5 that gDth by hii propre wil; al-ba-it so 
that, whan he goth, that it ia neoeuaiie 

I that he golb. Bight dn this wne macer 
thauue, yif that the porvlatuiee of god 
Meth any thing present, than laot thilka 

thing ban by necessitee, al-tbngh Hut Vt t 
ne have no neoeeaiCee of bla uwne natore. 
But certofl, the fotnrefl Uiat bityden by free- 
dom of arbitre, god seatb hem alia to^ider 
present. ThJH tbingea thanne, yif thay 
ben refcTTod to the davyne aigbte. thume ' 
ben they tusked neoesaarie by the eon- 
dioiean of the devyne knowinge Bat 
eertes. yif thilke thingaa be oonaidared by 
hem^elf, thay ben abeolat of necaailf*, 

libortee of bir owne nature. Thanne, 
oert«s, with-onto doute, alle the tbingea 
shaUen ben d<H>n which that god wot 
bifom that thay ben to oomen. Bnt aom 
of ham comeu and bityden of free arbitra 1 
or af/rea iciUs, that, al-be-it ao that they 
bityden, yit algatea ne leae thay nat hir 
propre nvtoie in beinge; by the which 
first, at that (bey weron y.doon, they 
hodden power nat to ban bitid.' Boaet. 2, 
'What is this to aeyn tbanoe,' qaod I, 
' that thingei us ben nat naoe«ario bg Mr 
propre nalan, to as they oomen in alio 
manerea in the lyknessa of neeosaitee by 
the condioioon of the devjne aoienae?' 3 

• Tbia is the differenos,' qnod aha ; ' that 
tho tbingea that I pnrpoaede thee a litAl 
beer-bifom, that ia to aayn. tha aonne 
aryainge and tha man walkings, that, 
ther..whylea that thilke tbingea been y- > 
doon, thay ne mighto nat ben nndoon ; 

y-doon, it bihored by nsceaailee that it 
was y-doon, hut nat that other. Bight >o 
<i It Jk«n, that tha tbingea that god hath i, 
Iireaent, witb-oate donte (bey ehoUen 
been. But Bom of bem desoendeth of tha 
natnia of tbingea, as tAe totma arytiiigt ; 
and aom deaoendeth of tha power of Uid 
doeroa, u the Mdn laiUange. Thamu * 
aeide I do wrong, Uiat yif these thinges 
ben r«feiTOd lo tha davyne knowinge, 
thanne ben they nooeaaaria ; and yif thqy 
ben ooDsidered by hem^elf, thanna ben 
thay abaolnt fro tha bond of neoegaiteB. > 
Bight ao aa alia tbingea that apeteth or 
Bhaweth to the wittes, yif thon raftrre it 
to reaonn, it ia nnivetsel; and yif thon 
refena it or loke it to itself, than ia it 
aingoler. But now, yii (bon seyit thu. a 

^ottHw. Q^ooft V: (proee VI. 


tiuiiyifitbeinxnypower to ohanngemy 
puipos, than ahal I voide the parviaance 
i^f god, whan that, i>eraventiLre, I shal 
han ohaanged the thinges that he know- 

275 elh hiibfrn, thanne ihal I answere thee 
thus. Certet, thoa mayet wel chaongo 
thj pnrpoc; bat, for as moohel as the 
preaent soothnesse of the devyne pnr- 
▼iannoe UhoUeth that thou majst 

180 ehaonge thy pnrpos, and whether thou 
fpolt ohaunge it or no, and whiderward 
that thoa tome it, thoa ne mi^yst nat 
eschoen the deryne prescienoe ; right as 
thoa ne mayst nat fleen the sighte of the 

285 presente eye, al-thongh that thoa tome 
thy-eelf by thy Aree wil in-to dyrerse 
aocioans. Bat thoa mayst seyn ayein: 
** How shal it thanne be? Shal nat the 
deyyne science be ohaanged by my dia- 

990 poaieioan, whan that I wol o thing now, 
and now another? And thilke preeoienoe, 
ne semethit nat to entrechaonge stoandes 
of knowinge ;"* as who teithj ne»kalU nat 
•ems to us, that the devyne pr u eienee aitre- 

795 ehaungeth hise dyverts stounde$ of know- 

inge^ to that U knowe 9um-tyme thing and 

mtm-tywts th§ cowtrarU of that thing? 

* No, forsothe,* quod I, 

PhUooophiB, *FoT the devyne sighte 

)oo renneth to-fom and seeth alle ftitores, 
and depeth hem ayein, and retometh 
hem to the presence of his pmpre know- 
inge ; ne he ne entrechaongeth nat, so as 
thoa wenest, the stoandes of forknow- 

^ inge, as now this, now that; bat he ay- 
dwellinge comth bifom, and embraceth 
at o strook alle thy matacioans. And this 
presence to comprehenden and to seen 
alle thinges, god ne hath nat taken it of 

; 10 the bitydinge of thinges to come, bat of his 

propre simplioitee. And her-by is assoiled 
thilke thing that thoa pattest a litel 
her-bifom, that ia to seyn, that it is un- 
worthy thing to seyn, that oar fntnres 
yeven caase of the science of god. For 311 
certes, this strengthe of the devyne 
science, which that embraceth alle 
thinges by his presentarie knowinge, 
establissheth maner to alle thinges, and 
it ne oweth naaght to latter thinges ; and 3k 
sin that these thinges ben thas, that ia to 
aeyHy ain that neeeaaitee nia nat in thingeaby 
the devyne preacienee, than is ther freedom 
of arbitre, that dweUeth hool and on- 
wemmed to mortal men. Ne the lawes ne 32^ 
parposen nat wikkedly modes and peynes 
to the willinges of men that ben nn- 
boxmden and qnite of alle neoessitee. And 
god, biholder and for-witerof alle thinges, 
dwelleth above ; and the present etemitee 35c 
of his sighte renneth alwey with the 
dyverse qnalitee of oare dedes, dispens- 
inge and ordeyninge modes to goode men, 
and torments to wikked men. Ne in ydel 
ne in veyn ne ben ther nat pat in god 335 
hope and preyeres, that ne mowen nat 
ben nnspeedAil ne with-oate effect, whan 
they ben rightfUL Withstond thanne 
and eschae thoa vyces ; worshipe and love 
thoa virtues ; aresrs thy corage to right- 34c 
fhl hopes; yilde thoa hamble preyeres 
a-heigh. Gret neoessitee of prowosse 
and verta is encharged and commannded 
to yow, yif ye nil nat dissimolen ; sin 
that ye worken and doon, that ia to aeyn^ 345 
your dedea or your workea, bifom the eyen 
of the jage that seeth and demeth alle 
thinges.' To whom he glorye and worahipe 
by if^fimU tymei, Amsk. 


L T>aadiniblsaarw»«fTM^iu totellen, 

Tliftt waa tlis king PrUmofl soiib a 

In lovinga, liow liig aTant'OTea fallen 
Pro wo to wola, »nd after out of joja, 
My purpoB it, er that I porta fro ye. • 
Thenphone, Ihcm belp me for t'endfto 
Thiae wofol ven, that wepen u I wiyte 

, Aadpres'gthfoiliamiliktlMiiliiUieoBS 
Of Troilcta, as yv mny &fl«r bare, jo 

That lovo hem bringe in herene to »lmB, 
Aud oolt for me preyeth to god so dera, 
That I hava might to ihewe, in torn 

Znilum ««A ^tistj^ 

jK)f TroilM, in loving of OriMyda, SS 

I Jaid liow that ibe fonook luin sr ahe 

«. It la vel wirt, how that Una Orekea 


In Brnm with a thcnmnd Bhlppea wanta 
To Trors-mrdM, and the oitee longs 
flMiftiiiUin neigh ten yaerai thay atents, Go 
And, In dlrena nyaa and ooa antoote, 
Ilia ravlaliing to wreken of El^na, 

10. Saw fll it Ki, that in tlia tonn thsr was 
Zhiellingealord ofgreetanDtoritae, 65 
A gret devyn that olapad waa Oallua, 
niat in aoienoe ao sipert waa, that he 
Knaw wal that Troye ibolde deatrored be, 
By anawoB of hia god, that Iiighte thna, 
J>aan Fhabna or Apollo IMphiona. 7U 

11. So whan this Calka* knaw by calcn- 

And eek by aurwen of thij AppoUo, 
That Orekea abolden awioh a papla brings, 
Thoragh which that Tioya moaU been 

Beeaatsanoon oatorths toon togo; 75 
For wsl wiata ha, by aoit, that Troya 

Daatroyad baan, ya, wnlde who-ao uolde 

ti. For wbioh, tax to departsn aoflaly 
7ook pnriwa (111 this forknowinge wyw, 
And to the Qrekea oat ftil privaly Bo 

Ha atal anooo ; and they, in corteya wyas, 
Eim dedan botbe wonbip and aenyM, 
Iq tnut that be bath ooDiiiDg bem to rede 
In evaty peril whioli that ia to drade ■ 

IL The noyao np looa, whan it wi 

_. . 83 

Thomgh al the toon, and generally waa 

That Calkaa traytor fled was, and allyed 
n'ith hem of Qnoa j and oafteu to ben 

, On him that (klaly hadde hia feith ao 

And aeydoa,baaDdBlhiaklnatoae( ^a 
£en trortby for to breunan, fel and bonea. 

L Now badda Calkaa Ion, ii 

Al nnwirt of thia falae and wikked dede, 
Hia donghter, which tbat waa In gret 

For of hir lyf ahe waa tal aore In drede, 95 
As aha that niite what waa bait to rede ; 
For botbe a widows waa the, and allona 
Of any f>eend, to whom lbs donte bir 

IE. Criaeyde waa thia lady narao a-right,j 
Aa to my doma,' in al Troyea citee uo 
Naa ncxin so fair, for paaalng every wight 
So anngellyk waa hir nntyf beantoe, 
That lyk a thing iamortal aemed aho, 
An doth an heveniab parflt creature. 
That donn were aent in looming of 

16. Thia lady, whloh that at-day harda at 

Hir fadrea shame, hia falaneasa and 

Wei nigh out of hir wit for aorwo and fere. 
In widowM habit luge of umitbrmui, 
On kneea she fll tufbin Ector a-donn i no 
With pitoua voya, and tendrely wapingo, 
Hia meroy bad, hir^elvaii eacnaingct ; 

17. Now waa thia Ector pitODS of natnre. 
And law tbat she waa sorwibtly bigoon. 
And that ahe waa ao fair a oreatnra ; 115 
Of hia goodneaae hs gladed htr anooD, 
And aeyde, ' lat your fadrsa traaon goon 
Forth with miachannoe, and ye yourself, 

Dwalleth with na, whyl yon good liit, in 

la And al th'ononr that men may doon 

Aa ferforib aa yonr fador dwoUod hero, 
Yeahul han, and yonr body ahal moo save, 
Aa fto aa I may ought enqaere or here.' 
And ahe bim tbouked with Col hnmbla 

And ofler wolde, and it hadde ban bil 

^roiftis anb Cne«p^. 


rede it uooglit ; tberfore I lete it goon. 

>. Tha thisKei fellen, u thoy doon of 

. ham of Troj'v nnd Qrokea 

liAy bougbton (liey of Troye it 

And eft the Orekea ronndon no thing Bofle 
Ths folk of Tiore ; and than fortune on- 

And nndor nft, e»n ham to ulioelon botho 
After hiriours, ay whjl they ware wrothe. 

SI. But 

r this 

o destmo- 

To hcrtoen of Pallftdion tho mrvyBo ; 
And namely, so toiuiy a, Imty knight, i6j 
So mui^' ft l&dy freflh AiTid mayden bright, 
Fnl val aiByad, bothe moste nnd leate, 
Te, bothe for the aeKjn and the feste. 

33. AmoQgthigeothere folk was CliseyJa, 
In widanes hnbite blok; but natheleca, 

In beantee fint to stood she, makeleea ; 
Rir godly looking gladode &1 the preas, 
Nm never aoyn thing to ben preyged deire, 
Kor under cJoitdu blak so bright a Bteire 

3e. AsviisCriHyde,ufolkseydesverich- 
ooa 176 

That bir biheldea In hir blako wade : 
And yet Bhe stood fnl lows and Etille 

Biliindm others Iblk, in litel brede, 
And neigh tho doro, »y under ibuneB 
dredo, 180 

Simple of «-t)Ti «nii debonaire of there, 
With fol aasured loking uid manere. 


t^roifti0 Mb CttBtj^t 


And whaan yonr preye i» loit, wo and 

O ynamj foke I nyoe and bUnda be ye ; 
Thtmt nil not oon oan war by oilier be.' 

80. An'd with thai word he gan oast np 

Anannoee, *lof is this nought wyedy 

spoken ? * 305 

At which the god of love gan loken rowe 
Right for despyt, and shoop fbr to ben 

He kidde anoon his bowe nas not broken ; 
For sodesnily he hit him at the ftille ; 
And yet as prond a pekok oan he polle. 910 

Bl. O blinde world, O blinde entenoionn ! 
How ofle fidleth al th*effect oontraire 
Of sorqnidxye and fool presompcionn ; 
For cavght is prond, and oanght is d^ 

This Troilns is olomben on the staire, 215 
And litel weneth that he moot descenden. 
Bat al-day fiiyleth thing that foles 


82. As pronde Bayard ginneth fbr to 

Oat of the wey, so priketh him his com, 
TH he a lash have of the longe whippe, 220 
Than thenketh he, 'thoogh I pnuinoe al 

First in the trays, fdl flut and newe ^om, 
Tei am I bat an bora, and horses lawe 
I moot endare, and with my feres drawe,' 

88. So ferde it by this fers and pronde 
knight; 92$ 

Thoogh he a worthy kinges sons were, 
And wende no-thing hadde had swiche 

Ayens his wil that sholde his herte store. 
Yet with a look his herte wez a-flsre, 
" .' That he, that now was most in pryde 
abore, 930 

Wez sodeynly most sabget nn-io lore. 

84. Fot^thy ensampU taketh of this man, 
Ye wjrse, pronde, and worthy folkes alle, 
To aoomen Lore, which that so sone oan 
The freedom of yoar hetrtes to him thralle; 
For ever it was, and ever it sbal bIfidUak 

That Love is he that alle thing may 

For may no man for-do the lawe of kinde. 

85. That this be sooth, hath proved and 
doth yit ; 239 

For this trowe I ye knowen, alle or some, 
Men reden not that folk han gretter wit 
Than they that han be most with love 

y«nome ; 
And strengestfolk ben therwith overcome, 
The worthiest and grettest of degree ; 244 
This was, and is, and yet men shal it sec 

86. And trewelioh it sit wel to be so ; 
Foralderwysest han ther-with benplesed ; 
And they that han ben aldermost in wo. 
With love han been oonfbrted most and 

esed ; 249 

And ofbe it hath the crnel herte apesed, 
And worthy folk maad worthier of name, 
And canseth most to dreden vyoe and 


87. Now sith it may not goodly be with- 

And is a thing so vertnoos in kinde, 
Beftiseth not to Love for to be bonde, 255 
Sin, as him-selven list, he may yow bindo. 
The yerde is bet that bowen wole and 

Than that that brest ; and therfor I yow 

To folwen him that so wol can yow lode. 

88. Bnt for to tellen forth in 8i>ecial 260 
As of this kinges sone of which I tolde, 
And leten other thing collateral. 

Of him thenke I my tale for to holde, 
Bothe of his joye, and of his cares odde ; 
And al his work, as tonching this matere, 
For I it gan, I wil ther-to refere. 266 

88. With-inne the temple he wente him 

forth pleyinge, 
This Troilos, of every wight aboate, 
On this lady and now on that lokinge, 
Wher^o she were of tonne, or of with- 

oate; 270 

And ap-on cas bifel, that thorogh a route 
His eye peroed, and so dope it wente, 
Til on Cris^de it smoot, and ther it 




Cret'AM ftiA CristpU. 

H>o »l«hi"I, iMt ii«n mlfhto Ulm 
tiilliM k-yoln till Anto riKytnitB 

•I'D. •'*" 

I HM not Willi Mm Uala of hlr 


Ih liir tlmw m w*l Kiiainrtnaa 
t.i WTXiiiuibKilo. Ui«l or«>to™ 
.vni' IMK Hi uniiiir>' "4 

Im w»1, llwt nwu mlaUt In lilr kmo 
F, Mtnl, •lilt vruuinuuiljr noUwwi. 

Blgbi with hir look, Uie q 

Bloaud be love, that tliiu a 

4A, She, this in b1»k. lykicge to Troiloa, 
Ovor aJlo thing he stood Tor to bihotde ; 
No hia il«ir, an wherTor he stood tbos, 
lie nfllther cbora made, no worile tolde ; 
Hoi Cpom fr-far, his moner fur to bold^ 
On (ithor thing hii look tgm-tyme he caste, 
AnU Bft on hir, whyl that BorvjiB iMte. 315 

40, And altoF this, not fnlliche b1 o- 

Ro|wn tinge him that he hadde ever y- 

Of I.ivus rnlli, lest fnlly the desoente 
Of Kom Alio on bim-aelf ; bat, wh»t he 
ments, jto 

I rl*l.t 


17. Whan bo was fro tho b 

He (tnygh t unoon un-lohiBpaloyslo 


^toiftuK anb (Msi^ 


60. Bat tak this, ^^at yB loyeres ofte 

Or elleB dwmfi good entenoioiiii, 345 
Fal ofte thy lady wole it miBoonstme, 
And deme it harm in hir opinionn ; 
And yet if she, for other enohesoiin, 
Be wrooth, than ahalt thoa han a groyn 
anoon : «^ 

Lord! welishiinthatmaybeofyowoont' 

5L But for al this, whan that he say hia 

tyme, 35« 

He held hla peei, non other hote him 

Voir lore bigan hia fetheres bo to lyme, 
That wel nnneihe nn-to hia folk he feyned 
That othere besye nodes him destrayned ; 
For wo was him, that what to doon he 

niste, 356 

Bat bad his folk to goon wher that hem 


62. And whan that he in chaambre was 

He doon np-on his beddes feet him sette, 
And first he gan to ^yke, and efb to 

grone, 360 

And thonghte ay on hir so, with-onten 

That, as he sat and wook, his spirit mette 
That he hir saw a temple, and al the wyse 
Right of hir loke, and gan it newe avyse. 

53. Thus gan he make a mironr of his 
minde, 365 

In which he sangh al hooUy hir fignre ; 
And that he wel conde in his herte finde, 
It was to him a right good aventore 
To love swich oon, and if he dide his core 
To serven hir, yet mighte he falle in 
grace, 370 

Or eUes, for oon of hir servannts pace. 

54. Imagininge that travaille nor grame 
Ne mighte, for so goodly oon, be lorn 
As she, ne him for his desir ne shame, 
Al were it wist, bat in piys and np-bom 
Of alle lovers wel more than bifom ; 376 
Thos argamented he in his ginninge, 
Fal anavysed of his wo oominge. 

55. Thos took he porpos loves craft to 

And thonghte he wolde werken prirely, 

Furst, to hyden hii desir in mnwe 381 
From every wight y-bom, al-oatrely, 
Bat he mighte oaght recovered be therby ; 
Bemembring him, that love to wyde y- 

Telt bittre frayt, thongh swete seed be 

Bowe. 385 

66. And over al this, yet mochel more he 

What for to speke, and what to holden 

And what to arten hir to love he sooghte, 
And on a song anoon-right to biginne, 389 
And gan londe on his sorwe for to winne; 
For with good hope he gan folly assente 
Criseyde for to love, and nought repente. 

57. And of his song noaght only the 

As writ myn antoar called Lollios, 
Bat pleynly, save oar tonges difference, 
I dar wel sayn, in al that Troilos 396 
Seyde in his song ; lo ! eveiy word right 

As I shal seyn ; and who-so list it here, 
Lo ! next this vers, he may it finden here. 

Cantos Troili. 

58. * If no love is, O god, what fcle I so ? 
And if love is, what thing and whiche 

is he ? 401 

If love be good, from whennes comth my 

If it be wikke, a wonder thinketh me. 
When every torment and adversitee 
That cometh of him, may to me savory 

thinke ; 405 

For ay thnrst I, the more that I it drinks. 

69. And if that at myn owene last I 

Fro whennes cometh my wailing and my 

pleynte ? 
If harme agree me, wher-to pleyne I 

thenne ? 
I noot, ne why anweiy that I feynte. 410 
O quike deetb, o swete harm so qaeynte, 
How may of thee in me swich qaantitee, 
Bat-if that I oonsente that it be ? 

60. And if that I oonsente, I wrongftilly 
Compleyne, y-wis ; thaspossedtoandfro^ 

txoitva <Mi Cvist^it. 

AI Bter«]e«e ipnth-inns a. boot bdi I 
A-mid ths Bee, by-twixen windea two, 
TliBt is cootreirio slonden over-mo. 
AUiu! wbB.t is thifl wonder moIadTe! 419 
For bote of cold, for cold of hate, I dye.' 
61. AndtothBRodoflovothMBeydohr 
With pilous voyi, • O lord, now yonraB ig 
Vy ^irit, whloh that ought« yonrea be. 
Tov thanke t, lord, that bun me brmicbt 


J livs and ut 

r.2. Tb Btonden in hire cyen mightilr, 
A" in a, place nn-to jour vertn diguo ; 
Whcrfore, lord, if my sarvyse or I 430 
May lylcg yovr, bo both to ma benigne ; 
F'le myn eitat Toyikl bare 1 rofii^e 
In-lo hir bond, nod with fol humbla cbere 
jjieome bir man, as to my lady dere.' 4.14 

63. Id bim na daynad aparen blond royal 
Tba fyr of lova, whor-fro god me ble«e, 
Ne him forbar in no da^aa, for aX 

' Good goodly, to whom aerve t and lu- 
boure, 4j8 

Ab I boat can, now wolde god, Criaaydo, 
Ye wtddon on me rawe er tlmt I deyde ! 
My dere harte, alloB ! myn hale and have 
And lyf is lost, bat ye wola on ma rena.' 

67. Alio othare dredes woron from bim 

Botie of th'assogo and his Bavaoionn : 
Ne in him desyr noon othere fownes 

But arg^umoittB to this aonalm 
That Bhe on liim wolde ban co 
And ha bo be bir man, wbyl ha may dura ; 
La, here his lyf, and &Dm the deeth hia 
coral 4A9 

68, Tho sharpashourea folio of Brmesprevo, 
That Eclor or bis otbare bretheFen diden, 
Na made him only theivforo onoB move; 
And yet woJ ba, wbor-BO : 


a tbo best, and longest tyine 


Zi^ifM an> ttiBtfjU* 


If that his lady understood not this, 
Or fS^jned hir she niste, oon of the twey e ; 
But wel I rede that, by no manor weye, 
Ke semed it [as] that she of him ronghte, 
Nor of his peyne, or whatso-ever he 

79. Bat than fel to this Troylus snoh wo, 
That he was wel neigh wood ; for ay his 

drede 499 

Was this, that she som wight had loved so, 
That nerer of him she wolde have taken 

For whi^e him thov^te he felte his 

herte blede. 
Ke of his wo ne dorste he not higinne 
To tellen it, for al this world to winne. 

78. Bat whanne he hadde a space fro his 

oare, 505 

Thns to him-self AU oAe he gan to pleyne ; 

He sayde, * O fool, now art thoa in the 

That whilom japedest at loves peyne ; 
Now artow hent, now gnaw thyn owene 

Thoa were ay wont echo lovere reprehende 
Of thing fro which thoa canst thee nat 

defende. 511 

74. What wole now every lover seyn of 

If this be wist, bat ever in thyn absence 
Langhen in scorn, and seyn, "lo, ther 

gooth he, 
That is the man of so gret sapience, 515 
That held as loveres leest in reverence I 
Now, thonked be god, he may goon in the 

Of hem that Love list febly for to avaance ! 

75. Bat, O thoa wofVil Troilas, god wolde, 
Sin thow most loven thargh thy destinee. 
That thow beset were on swioh oon that 

sholde 5^1 

Knowe al thy wo, al lakkede hir pitee : 
Bat al so cold in love, towardes thee, 
Thy lady is, as frost in winter mone, 524 
And thoa fordoon, as snow in tyr is sone.'* 

76. Ood wdde I were azyved in the port 
Of deeth, to which my sorwe wU me lede ! 

A, lord, to me it were a greet comfort ; 
Then were I qait of langaisshing in drede. 
For by myn hidde sorwe y-blowe on brede 
I shal bi-japed been a thousand tyme 531 
Kore than that fool of whoe folye men 

77. Bnt now help god, and ye, sweto, fbr 

I pleyne, y-caaght, ye, never wight so 

fastol 534 

O mercy, dere herte, and help me from 
The deeth, for I, whyl that my lyf may 

Kore than my-self wol love yow to my 

And with som freendly lo<^ gladeth me, 

Thon^ never more thing ye me bi-heto!' 

78. Thiswordesandftdmanyean-otherto 
He spak, and called ever in his com* 

pleynto 541 

Hir name, for to tellen hir his wo. 
Til neigh that he in salto teres dreynte. 
Al was for noaght, she herde nonght his 

And whan that he bithooghto on that 

foly«» 545 

A thoasand fold his wo gan maltiplye. 

79. Bi-wayling in his chambre thosallone, 
A freend of his, that called was Pandare, 
Com ones in an war, and herde him grone, 
And sey his freend in swich distresse and 

care : $5^ 

* Alias ! ' qaod he, * who caaseth al this 

O mercy, god ! what anhap may this 

Han now thus sons Grekes maad yow 


80. Or hastow som remors of conscience. 
And art now falle in som devooioan, 555 
And waylest for thy sinne and thyn 

And hast for ferde caaght attricioan ? 
Gk>d save hem that bi-seged han oar toan, 
And so can leye oar jolytee on presse. 
And bring oar lusty folk to holinesse !' 

Zt6xtu9 an* Crwepie, 

I. The» 

la leyde lie for the u 

That with R«ich thinR he mlgbt« him 

BDgrr mnken, 
And with AQ ongre dDQ hia sorwsfajlo, 
As foe ^h& tyma^ and bis curaf^e awaken ; 
Bat wel lie wisto, m fer aa tongel (paken, 
Tfaar nas a man of prett«r hardineBM566 
Tbim he, ne more deeirod worthiueBse. 
811. 'What caa,' qnod Troilna, 'or what 

Hnth gydiid tbooto seomylfuignlssbiuge, 

That am rafns of eTory croatora ? STO 

Bat for the love of god, i 

Qo bonne a-way, for cort 

Wol tboe dlsese, and I n: 

Ther-for go wey, thor is i 

63. Bat if thou wene I 


It ia not sn, and Uier-for Bcorne nonght ; 
Ther M ft-nothor thinB I talio of beda 
Wbl more than ooght the Orekea hnn 

%Yhith caaae is of my deeth, for lorwe 

and thought. 
Bat ihongh that I cow telle thee it ne 

Id, my deyinge 
it nedea di-ye ; 

a Una <yk for 

To telle it thee; for, aith it may thee 

Tet vole I telle It, though myn liert« 
hreate ; 599 

And wel wot I thou mayet do me no reelo. 
Bat loet tbow deme I truEle not to thee, 
Uow horkne, freend, for thna it atant with 

B7, Love, a-yeins the which who-90 de- 

Him-aelven moat, bim aldor-lest avajletb, 
WiEh deaceiwir so norwfiilly mo offendeth, 
That Btroj-gbt un-to the deeth mjn herto 

saj-leth. 606 

Thor-l« desyr so branningly me saaaylleth, 
That to ben alajn it were a eiettor joya 
To motbaakinBotareoeboenaQtiTroyo! 

8S. 8afBseththis,myfulle&eeadFaDdare, 
That t have seyd, for now woBtow my wo ; 
And for the \vfe of god, my coldecare 61a 
So hyd it wel, I teUe it never to mo ; 
For harmea migblo folven, mo than two, 
If it wore wiat ; but be tboa in gladueaia, 
And lilt roe stervo, nnknowo, of my di»- 


^roiftte Mi Cne^be* 


And ther thow wooit that I have ought 

Xaohewo th<m that, for twioh thing to 

thee Mole is ; 
Thus ofte wyse men ben war by folis. 635 
If thoa do so, thy wit is wel biwared ; 
3y his oontrarie is eveiy thing dechured. 

92. For how might ever sweetnesse have 

be knowe 
To him that never tasted bittemesse ? 
Ke no man may be inly glad, I trowe, 640 
That never was in sorwe or som distreose ; 
Eek whyt by blak, by shame eek worthi- 

Ech set by other, more for other semeth ; 
As men msy see; and so the wyse it 

98. Sith thus of two contraries is a lore, 
I, that have in love so ofte assayed 646 
Grevaonces, onghte conne, and wel the 

Connsayllen thee of that thou art amayed. 
Eek thee ne onghte nat ben yvel apayed, 
Thongh I desyre with thee for to here 650 
Thyn hevy charge ; it shal the lasse dere. 

94. I woot wel that it fareth thus by me 
As to thy brother Parys an herdesse, 
Which that y-cleped was Ofinone, 654 
Wroot in a complesmt of hir hevinesse : 
Ye sey the lettre that she wroot, y gesse?' 

* Nay, never yet, y-wis,* qnod Troilus, 

* Now,' qnod Pandare, * herkneth ; it was 

thns. — 

95. " Phebns, that first fond art of medi- 

Qnod she, **and conde in every wightes 
care 660 

Bemede and reed, by herbes he knew fyne, 
Yet to him-self his oonninge was tal bare ; 
For love hadde him so bonnden in a snare, 
Al for the donghter of the kinge Admete, 
That al his craft ne conde his sorwe 
bete,»*— 66s 

96. Bight so fare I, unhappily for me ; 

I love oon best, and that me smerteth sore ; 
And yet, parannter, can I rede thee, 
And not my-self ; repreve me no more. 669 
I have no oanse, I woot wel, for to sore 

As doth an hank that listeth for to 

Bnt to thyn help 3^ somwhat can I seye. 

97. And of o thing right sikermaystow be, 
That certayn, for to deyen in the peyne. 
That I shalnever-mo discoveren thee ; 675 
Ne, by my tronthe, I kepe nat restresme 
Thee fro thy love, thogh that it were 

That is thy brotheres wyf, if ich it wiste ; 
Be what she be, and love hir as thee liste. 

98. Therfore, as fireend fnllich in me 



And tel me plat what is thyn enchesonn. 
And final canse of wo that ye endnre ; 
For donteth no-thing, msm entencionn 
Nis nonght to yow of reprehencionn 
To speke as now, for no wight may 
bireve 685 

A man to love, til that him list to leve. 

99. And witeth wel, that bothe two ben 

Mistmsten alle, or elles alle leve ; 
But wel I woot, the mene of it no vyce is, 
For for to tmsten snm wight is a preve 690 
Of tronthe, and for-thy wolde I fayn re- 
Thy wrong conceyte, and do thee som 

wight triste. 
Thy wo to telle ; and tel me, if thee listc. 

100. The wyse seyth, **wo him that is 

Fbr, and he faUe, he hath noon help to 
ryw ;" 695 

And sith then hast a felawe, tel thy mone ; 
For this nis not, certeyn, the nexte wyse 
To winnen love, as techen ns the wyse. 
To walwe and wepe as Niobe the qnene, 
Whos teres yet in marbel been y-eone. 700 

101. Latbethywepingandthydrerinesse, 
And lat ns lissen wo with other speche ; 
So may thy yrofaX tyme seme lesso. 
Delyte not in wo thy wo to seche, 704 
As doon thise foles that hir sorwes eche 
With sorwe, whan they han misaventnre. 
And listen nought to seche hem othor 


^rotfttt aiA Cristptt. 

To hnve an-otfaer felawe in bis pe] 
TliaC onghW wel ben oar opiDioiui 
For, bathe than Knd I, o( lovo we 
Si fal of sorwe urn I, »Ui for to H 
Th&t certeyiJf no pore barde gn 
Uuy aitto on me, for-why tber 

Bnt-if Uut it the bet govermtd be. 

Bat Dnthfltoefli vhAD bti bad bord 

' Awske ! ' ho gi 

103. If god wolo tbou art not agart of me, 
Leat I woMb of tby Udy tbee bigylo, 716 
Tbow «oat tbj-BBlf whom tbiit I loTe, 

Aj I best mm, gon Hitben longe wbyle. 
And HLth tbon wo3t I do it for no "wyle, 719 
Andsith lun be that thou triitoet moat 
T«l me samwbat, aia al my wo tbon WDBt, 

iiU. Ypt Troilas, for al tbU, no won 

Bat lotigo he Iny as stills aa he ded were 
And af^r tbla with sykinge he abreyde, 
And Ui PandaroB voys he lente bis ere, jj; 

•a syen . 

Was Pi 

Ho abolde falle, or ell( 

lamnotdeef^ n(iwpecs,BndciiynomjiTa; 
For I have herd thywordee and tby lore; 
Bat auflVe me my miichef to binyle, jsS 
Foe thy proverbee may me nDK^bt avayle. 

109. Kor other cure canstow noon for me. 
Eok I nil not be aQred, I wol deye ; 
What kuowo I of the qoene Niobe F 

Lat bo thyna olde ensaauiplos, I tboo 
preya." 760 

' tio,' qaod tho FuidamB, 'therfbrs I Mye, 
Swicb is ddyt of folea to bivepe 
Hir wo, but Bekeu bote they ne kepe. 

110. Now knows t that ther reeon in thea 

^reUto Ant tvietigU. 

Bow iroctAv » thftt thou art gmxieea ? 
Swich Tvel u not alvty botelwa. 
Wby. pnt not impoHEble Urns thy cuts. 
Bin Uiing to come ii ofta in aimntiue. 

lis. I gisnnta mi thftt thtm endoreat vo 
Ai ahup u doth be, Tloiiu, in helle, 78^ 
'Wlioa itoDiak fooU* tyren eier-mo 
Thkt bigbt« TDltnrii. u boke* telle. 
But I may not sndnre that thon dw«Ue 
Id to nnskilftU ui opiniaon 790 

Tb*t of tbj- woi 

111. Bnt ones niltow, for thy omraid 

And for thyn irs and foluh wiliklnnM, 
Fur wantnwt. t«llen ottby aorwt» amerte, 
Ne to thyn owgns help do bUinseso 795 
Ai mtuJie KB speke A reaonn more or lene, 
But ly««t AI h« thAt lilt of no- thing reooha. 
What TTomnuui oonda love iwioh k 

lis. What msy *^' demen other of thy 

l/thonthn»dere,»ndBhBnotwhyiti», Son 
Bnt thM for fere ia yoMan np thy bresth, 
JFor Qrekea hmn biieged us, y-wia ? 
Xard, whiub a thank than ihaltow ban of 

Thsa wul ifae wyn, and al Uia tana at 

" Tha vnwche Ij deed, the devel have hia 



tl& Thoa tnayit anone here wepe and 

Bat. love ■ woman that she voot it 

And aha wol qnyte that thoa (halt not 


S onkist, anil la«t that ia q 

VThat ! many a man hath lore hi dere 
y-boojjbt fiio 

Twenty wintot that bii Udy witto, 
That Qenr yet hii lady month he kivte. 

117. What? 

Ot b« ncreaant for hi« < 

he tbetfbr fallen I 

Or fleen him-rolf, al be bia Uily fayr f gi 
Nay, nay, bnt avor in oon be freab nil' 

To serve and love bis dere heitea qnene, 

Bnt bothe doon nnnumhod and aeiniie, 834 
And of his deeth hii ladj* noneht to wyte ; 
For of bi« wo, god woot, she knew fal lyte. 

119. And with that thought he gaa ftil 

And Myde, <allaj t what is me beat to do?' 
TawbomPandareanswerde, 'Iftheelyke, 
Tba belt IB that tboa telle me >hy wo; X^ 
And have m; tronthe, butthouitflndeBo, 
1 bo thy bote, or that it bo fnl loago, 
To pecea do me drawe, and sitbeu bonge '. ' 

ISO. 'To,aotboaieyfl,'qBodTroUiu tho, ■ 

Bat, god wot, it Ib not the rather to ; fl)5 
Fnl bard were it to bolpen in tbu caa, 
For wol findo I that Portnlie ia my fo, 
Ne alio the men that ryilon conuo or go 
Hay of hir cruel vrheel the harm with' 

For, all bir lilt, she pleyeth with free and 

bende.' S40 

lai, Qnod Pandanu, 'than blameatow 

For thon art wrooth, ye, now at arat T see ; 
'Woetow nat wri that Fortana ia commune 
To every manor wight In «nm degree? R44 
And yet than haat thU comfort, lo, panlee ! 
Thai, a«hixjoye»inol«novBr-guon. 

12B. For if hir wheel Minte any-th 

2^totftie anb £mip6e. 

Li^ And thorfor wael4>w wh^t I th«B 

boMwhe ? BSS 

LatbflthjwoAnd tnmmg to the ^rrmnde ; 

For wbo-BO li?t hare helping of his leche, 

To Cerbonu in hollo ay be I bonnde. 
Were it for my a^istflr, al thy sorwo. Sfn 
By tny wil, she sboldoal he thjc to-inocwa 

1^4. Iiakoiip,lBeFe,iuid<elmewtiB,tBhe is 
Anoon, that I may gooa »bfmt« thy node; 
KuowB ich hir ought t for my love, (e) ma 
this; e&t 

Thna woldo I hopeo rutber for to spoda.' 
Tlio Ban the veyno uf TruUus to btede, 
For he "was hit, and wex a] reed for sham« ; 
' A ha ! ' quod Pandaro, ' hera biginneth 

I2u. And nntb that word bo gan him for 

to shako, 
And aeyde, ' theef. thoa shall hir DBma 

toUe.' 8;o 

Dot thi> gao sely Troilns for to ixoako 

ia& fi 

i for-thy loka of gtx>d Domfort 

For oorteinly, the Urste pojnt is this 
Of Qoblo corage and wel OTdeynft, 
A miui lo have p«e* with bini-«ii]f, y-wls ; 
6a ongbtest thou, for oimght bat good it is 
To luven wol, and in a worthy place ; B95 
Thee onghte not to clopo it hap, bnt grwio. 

lao. And ahio thenk, and thor-with gU 


That sith thy lady vert 

nous is al, 

So folwetb it that ther 

And for-thy see that thon, in spocial. 

Baqoere nought that is 

For vertne stmochoth 

not him-SBtf 


IBO. Bntwrfismelha 

ever I was bon 

That thon biset art in n 


For by my tronthe, ia lore I donto ha 


^roiAte ant Cnee^e* 


188. Tet aejdmUrw, thftt, for the more 
p«rt, pas 

These loveree wolden epeke in general, 
And thoDghten that it mm a siker art, 
For filling, for to aeaayen over-al. 
Now may I jape of thee, if that Ishal ! 
Bat nath oleo o, though that I aholde deye, 
That thon art noon of tho, that dorste I 
■eye. 931 

184. Now beet thy brest, and eey to god 

of loTe, 
" Thy graoe, lord I for now I me repente 
If I mis ipak, for now my-self I love :" 
Thns sey with al thyn herte in good en- 
tente.* 955 
Qaod Troilns, *a I lord ! I me consente, 
And pray to thee my japes thou foryive, 
And I shal never-more whyl I live.' 

1811k *Thow8eystwel,'qnodFandare,*and 

now I hope 
That thou the goddes wratthe hast al 

apesed ; 940 

And sithen thou hast wepen many a drope, 
And seyd swich thing wherewith thy god 

Now wolde never god bat thoa were esed ; 
And think wel, she of whom rist al thy wo 
Hereafter may thy comfort been al-so. 945 

186. For thilke ground, that bereth the 

wedes wikke, 
Bereth eek thise holsom herbee, as ftd ofte 
Next the foole netle, rough and thikke, 
The rose waxeth swote and smothe and 

And next the valey is the hil a-lofte ; 950 
And next the derke night the glade 

morwe ; 
And also joye is next the fyn of Borwe. 

137. Now loke that atempre be thy brydel, 
And, for the beste, ay soffre to the tyde, 
Or elles al oar labour is on ydel ; 955 

He hasteth wel that wysly oan a^yde ; 
Be diligent, and trewe, and ay wel hyde. 
Be lusty, free, persevere in thy servyse. 
And al is wel, if thou werke in this wyse. 

18a But he that parted is in every 
place 9^ 

Is no-wher hool, as writen olerkes wyse ; 

What wonder is, though swich oon have 

no grace? 
Eek wostow how it fareth of som servyse ? 
As plaunte a tre or herbe, in sondry wyse. 
And on tho morwe pulle it up as blyve, 965 
No wonder is, though itmay never thryve. 

189. And sith that god of love hath thee 

In place digne un-to thy worthinesse, 
Stond &ste, for to good port hastow rowed ; 
And of thy-self^ for any hevineese, 970 
Hope alwey wel ; for, but-if drerinesse 
Or over-haste our bothe labour shende, 
I hope of this to maken a good ende. 

140. And wostow why I am the laase a- 

Of this matere with my nece trete ? 975 
For this have I herd leyd of wyse y-lered, 
" Was never man ne woman yet bigete 
That was anax>t to suffiren loves hete 
Celestial, or elles love of kinde ; " 979 
For-thy som grace I hope in hir to finde. 

141. And for to speke of hir in special, 
Hir beautee to bithinken and hir youtho, 
It sit hir nought to be celestial 

As yet, though that hir liste bothe and 
couthe ; 9^ 

But trewely, it sete hir wel right nouthe 
A worthy knight to loven and cheryco, 
And but she do, I holde it for a vyce. 

142. Wherfore I am, and wol be, tiy redy 
To peyno me to do yow this servjrse ; 
For bothe yow to plese thus hope I 990 
Her-afterward ; for ye beth bothe wyse, 
And conne it counseyl kepe in swich a 

That no man shal the wyser of it be ; 
And so we may be gladed alle three. 

143. And, by my trouthe, I have right 
now of thee 995 

A good oonceyt in my wit, as I gesse. 
And what it is, I wol now that thou see. 
I thenke, sith that love, of his goodnesse, 
Hath thee converted out of wikkednesse. 
That thou shalt be the beste poet, I 
leve, iocx> 

Of al his lay, and most his foos to-greve. 

'tvciim OKt tvige^it. 

lit. Ensample wliy, seo now thuae vyae 

That erren ajdennoat n-yein a lawe, 
A&d. ben converted from Mr vjUted 

Thomgh ^racA of god, that list liea 

BDgoat'feTtlied been, I im 
DO on orronr alder-beit trith- 

145. Whan Troiloa had hord FejidiLrs 

To bean hia help in loving- of Crbayde, loio 
Sat hottfrwejthislovo,aDj thnsbascrde, 
With sobre chera, iJ-thongh liis herts 

' Now blisTol Vemuhelpc, or that I aterve. 
Of thee, Pandaio, I may sum thwik de- 

That tonchoth harm or any vilenya ; 
For dredeteas, mo vera lever dye 1034 
Than she of me ooght olles Trndorstoilo 
But that, Uiat might* wnmen in-tagoile.' 

lis. Tho Inugh this Fondare, and anooa 

' And I thy borw ? f^ 1 no wight dooth 

I roogbte nought though that flhe stode 
and herds 10.19 

HovthatthoQseyst ; hntfare-WQl^Tvolgo. 
A-dieo! be glad 1 god epedo m Imtho twol 
Yif me this labour and this beainessa. 
And of my speed be thyn al that ffwetnessa.' 

160. Tho Troiloa gon doim on knees to 
faUe, IU44 

And Pnndaro in hia armea hante feate, 
And Beyda, ' now, 1> on the Grahea alia ! 
Yet, pard«a, god Ebalhclpeoaat tbelaate; 
And dradttleea, if that my lyf may Inste, 
And god to-fom, lo, lom uf horn ibul 


t^roiftie anb ttiu^ 


168. Wm evwy irigbit tluit haih an hooB 

tofimnde 1065 

Ve rameth nooi^t the werk fbr to U- 

With nkel hond, bat he wol hjde a 

And ■endehiahertealyne out fto with-inne 
Alderftnt hie pwrpoe for to winner 1069 
Al this Piandare in hie herte thooghte, 
And oaste hie werk ftil wyriy, or he 


154. But T^roUiui lay tho no longer doan, 
But np anoon np-on hie etede bay, 
And in the fbld he pleyde tho leoon ; 
Wo wae that Oreek that with him mette 
that day. 1075 

And in the toon hie manor tho forth ay 
80 goodly wae, and gat him ao in graoe. 
That ech him lovede thatloked on hie fiMse, 

166. For he bioom the ftendlyeete wight, 
Thegentileete, and eek the moete free, xo8o 
The thrifUeete and oon the beete knight. 
That in hie tyme wae, or mighte be. 
Dede were hie japee and hie oraeltee. 
Hie heighe port and hie manere 

And ech of tho gan tbr a Tertn chaonge. 

166L Now lat ne etinte of Troilne a 

etonnde, 1086 

That fitreth lyk a man that hurt ia 

And ie eomdel of akinge of hie woonde 
T-lieeed wel, bat heled no del more : 
And, ae an eaj paoient, the lore 1090 

Abit of him that gooth aboate hie oare ; 
And thae he dryveth forth hie aventore. 

E xpl ici t Liber Primna. 

BOOK n. 

Indpit prohemimn Secimdi LibrL 

1. Opt of th ee e Make wawee for to eeyle, 
O wind, O wind, the weder ginneth olere ; 
For in thia eee the boot hath swioh tra> 

Of my conning that annethe I it itere : 
Thia eee clepe I the tompeetooB matere 5 
Of deeeepejnr that Troilua wae inne : 
Bat now of hope the calendee biginne. 

S. O lady myn, that called art Cleo, 
Thon be my speed fro thie forth, and my 

To ryme wel thie book, til I have do ; xo 
Me nedeth here noon other art to oee. 
For-why to every lovere I me excoae. 
That of no eentement I thie end3rte, 
Bat oat of Latin in my tongo it wiylc 

8. Wherfore I nil have neither thank ne 
blame 15 

Of al thie werk, bat pray yow mekely, 
Dieblameth me, if any won! be lame, 
For ae myn anctor eoydo, so scye I. 
£ek thoogh I siieke of love ouiellngly, 

Ko wonder ie, for it no-thing of nowe is ; 30 
A blind man can nat joggen wel in hewis. 

4. Ye knowe eek, that in forme of si>eche 

is chaonge 
With'inne a thoaeand yeer, and wordos 

That haddon prsrs, now wonder nyce ami 

Us thlnketh hem ; and yet they spake 

hem so, 35 

And spedde as wel in love as men now do ; 
£ok for to winne lovo in soudrj' ages, 
In sondry londes, sondry been nsages. 

6. And for-thy if it happo in any wyee, 
That here be any lovere in this place 50 
That herkeneth, as the story wol devyio. 
How Troilne com to his lady grace, 
And thenketh, eo nolde I nat love par- 

Or wondretli on his specho and his doinge. 
I noot ; bnt it is me no wonderinge ; 35 

6. For every wight which that to Bomo 

Ualt nat o path, or alwey o manere ; 

Ztnbu an) Cviei^it. 

Eak in Bomlond weroaJ thegainonBLent, 
If that theyferde in lovo as man doQ hare, 
Afl thas, ia open doing or in chere, 40 
Tn vioitinge, in forTafl,oraflydeliir BBwes ; 
For-thf men ceyn, ech cantres b&th Ills 

T. EBtscorslj'beeiithoriiithiapliicathrca 
ThBt hBn m live ac.vd Ijk and .loon in a! ; 
For to thj pQrtioi CLis may lykon thoe, 45 
And thee right nooglit, yet ol is uj'd or 

Uyn Huetor iliol t folwen, if I coime. 
Exjillcit prohemliim Secnndl LibrL 

Indplt Liber Sec 

». InUay,thatm'<deri!iofmontheaKlflda, 
That freeshe fionrea, lilewe, tiDd wh^, 

Ben qnihe agnjn, that wintor dede made. 
And fol of bawmo in ileticge e-niiy mede ; 
Whan Fhebns deth his brighto bemea 

And caate and knrv in good pl)^ was 1 

To doon viaee, and tooli hia »ey fol so; 
Tn-lo hia necos poleya ther bi-sydo ; 
NowJanaa,godof<uitree.Ut<in him g}-> 

12. Whan be waa oome nn-to his nei 

' Wher iamylady?' tohirfnlk aeydel 
And they him tolde ; and he forth in g 

And fond, two otheie lBdy« sete and 1 
Witb-innea paved parloBr; andthsyth. 
Borden a maydon reden hem the ge^c 
Of the Bege of Thebea, vhyl hem leate. 

13. QuodPandarna,^madjLme,godyoTB 
With al yonr Ljook and al the company 
' Ey, nnole myn, weloomo y-wii,' qaod ■ 
And np ahe rooa, and by the hond in h 
Sbe took him fame, and aeyda," this nil 



ZttUtm Mk €m^^ 


«p, nd te w 

* food iIm^ *ba j» 

ly<^ s» god xpa hit» 


as j«rmT» 


and yonc* 

UL *As«wtkzjT»Vq[Q<>dt]usPiMidAnui, 
'T«i eottd* I tollft A thine to doon ycm 

pUj*.' 131 

* Ifoiv mnd* dM«,' qood ilMk ' t«l it YU 
Fur foddes Ism; is than th*a«cge awoye? 

I MB «r QrakM s» liBid thaft I d^ya' 
t *]Ivf^ luij/ q:iiod ha, *aa •▼» mota I 
thzirra! 135 

It Is a thing w«l bet than swiche ^jrve.' 

19. *Ye,holjgod!*q;iiod she,* what thinif 
is that? 

What? bat than swiohe fyve? ey, nay, 

For al this world ne can I reden what 
It sholde been ; som jape, I trowe, is this ; 
And bat jroor-aelven telle ns what it is, 131 
My wit is for to arede it al to lene ; 
As help me god, I noot nat what ye mene.' 

20. *And I your borow, ne never shal, 
for me, 

This thing be told to yow, as mote I 
thryve!' IJ5 

* And why so, uncle myn ? why so ?* quod 


* By god/ qood he, * that wole I telle as 

For prouder woxnnum were ther noon on- 

And ye it wiste, in al the tonn of Troye ; 
I jape nonght, as ever have I Joye I ' 140 

21. Tho gan she wondren more than bi- 

A thousand fold, and doun hir eyen caste ; 
For never, sith the tyme that she was bom, 
To knowe thing desired she so £Mte ; 144 

And with a qrh she a^da him at the lastew 
^Kow, uaele mjn, I nil yow nought dt»> 

Nor axen more, that may do yow diseee. ' 

29l So after this» with many wordMgla^i^ 
And fireendly talea, and with nwry ch«r«^ 
Of this and that thay id«yvl«, and guun«n 

wade 151* 

In many an unkouth glad and d«ep 

As ftaendea doon, whan they ben met 

Til she gan azen him how Ector ferdcs 
That was the tounes wal and Qrek«sy«^nl«v 

as. * Ful wel, I thanke it god/ qmxl Fan- 
darus, 155 

*8aTe in his arm he hath a litd wounde ; 
And eek his fVesshe hrt^her Trttilus, 
The wyse worthy Ector tho secounde, 
In whom that ov«ry >*«rtu list abountle, 
As alle tronthe and alls guntilK^sse, if«t 
Wysdom, honour, fVedom, and wurthi* 

24. *In RiHvl feith, eem,' qnml iih<s ' tliat 

lyketh me ; 
They fan^n wol, gotl siivo Umn Uitho twui 
For trewely I htUdo it griMti iloyutoci 
A kinges sone in armim witl iti iht, iri^ 
And been of good ooudioUmus thttr-to , 
For greet power and moral vort u )ittr«« 
Is selde J'^ty^ in o ]>ers<m«i y-fom,' 

26. 'In goo<l foith, that is sooth,' quiNl 

Pandams ; 
* But, by my tronthe, Uio king hath sontMi 

tweye, i7«» 

That is to mene, Ector and Tn>iliiR, 
That certainly, though that I sholdu di\v«*, 
They been as voydo of yyni\a, dar I nvyt\. 
As any men that livoih nndor tho sort no, 
Hir might is wydo y-knowo, and what 

they oonne. i75 

26. Of Ector nedeth it nought for to telle ; 
In al this world ther nis a bottro knight 
Than he, that is of worthinesso wello ; 
And he wel more vortu hath than might. 
This knoweth many a wys and wortiiy 
wight iHu 

1fv«tftui Aitb £netp&t. 

The Kune piyB of Troiltu I seye, 

Ood help me so, I knows not awioho 

27. 'Brgod/qaod she, 'ofEctar tMt is 

Of Troilos tho ame thing trows I ; 
For drodcloes, men t«Ueii that he doutb 
In armeB day by day eo worthily, iH6 

And bereth him here at hoom so gentiUy 
Tu pvory wight, that aJ lbs prya h&th he 
Of hom that mu wara lavaat proywid bo." 

Tlut berde that, gui fer a-wey to itonde 
Whyl thoy two hadde al that hem list4 
in honde. 

B2. Whan that Mr tale al broiisht waa k 

or hira eatat and of hir govBrnannoe, ii; 
Qaod PandaruB, 'now in it tymel wondo; 
Bat yet, 1 oeye, oryaeth, lat na danncCi 
And o««t yoar widwes babit to mis- 

23. ' Yo Bey rightaootli.y-wiB.'qaod Fui- 

' For yusUiday, wlia-«a bsddo with him 

Ho might h»TO wondrod ap-on Troilos | 
Fo( nover yet bo thikko a iwarm of been 
ye flaigh, aa Qrskas fro him gonne Seen ; 
And thomgb the fetd, in evei? wight«a 

Ther nas no cty bat "Troilos is therel" 

^. Now hi>re, now there, he honied hem 

it Orekes blood j ond TroUna, 

38. ' A F wel bithoogbt ! for love of god,' 
qnod she, »■ 

'Shal I not witan what ye mane of this?' 
>Ifo, this thing axetb Isyser, 'Ihoqaodhe, 
' And eok me woldo mnche gnsvo, y-wis, 
If I it toldo, and ye it toko amis. 
Yet were it bet my tonge for to stille jjo 
Than acya a sooth that were ayeius yoot 


^roiftte Mil CtXBtjM* 


Axkd My to me, your DMe, what STOW Uate : ' 
And with that word hir nnole aaoon hir 
Idite, 950 

And wgrde, ' gladly, l€ive neoe dere, 
Tik it far good that! ahal aeyeyow hero.' 

87. With that the gaa hir ^yen donn to 

And Fandanu to ooghe gan a lyte, 254 
And nyde, ' neoe, alwty, lo f to the laate, 
How-«o it be that eom men hem deljrte 
With inbtil art hir talea for to endyte, 
Yet for al that, in hir entenoionn, 
Hir tale is al for aom ooncliuioan. 

88. And lithen th'ende ie erery tales 
strengthe, 960 

And this matere is so hihovely, 
What sholde I peynte or dxawen it on 

Toyow, that been my fireend so foithihlly ?' 
And with that word he gan right inwardly 
Biholden hir, and loken on hir foce, 365 
And seyde, *on sache a mironr goode 

88. Than thonc^te he thns, * if I my talc 

Oo^t hard, or make a prooes any whyle, 
She shal no layoar ban ther-in but lyte, 
And trowe I wolde hir in my wU bigyle. 
For tendre wittes wenen al be wyle 371 
Theras they can nat pleynly nnderstonde ; 
For-thy hir wit to serven wol I fonde ' — 

40. And loked on hir in a be^ wyse, 374 
And she was war that he byheld hir so, 
And seyde, 4ord ! so fiiste ye me avyse ! 
8ey ye me never er now? what seyye, no?* 
* Tes, yes,' quod he, * and bet wole er I go ; 
Bat, by my trouthe, I thooghte now 

if ye 
Be fortnnat, for now men shal it see. 380 

41. For to every wight som goodly aven- 

Som tyme is shape, if he it can reoeyven ; 
And if that he wol take of it no cnre. 
Whan that it cometh, bat wilftOly it 

Lo, neither cas nor fortnne him deoeyven, 

Bat right his verray slonthe and wrecched* 

nesse ; 386 

And swioh a wight is for to blame, I gesse. 

42. Gk>od aventore, O bele nece, have ye 
Fal lightly foanden, and ye conne it take; 
And, for the love of god, and eek of me, 
Cacohe it anoon, lest aventore slake. 391 
What sholde I lenger proces of it make ? 
Tif me yoor bond, for in this world is 

If that yoa list, a wight so wel begoon. 394 

48. And sitli I speke of good entencionn. 
As I to yow have told wel here-bifom, 
And love as wel yoor honour and renoon 
As creatnre in al this world y-bom ; 
By alle the othes that I have yow sworn, 
And ye be wrooth therfore, or wene I lye, 
Ke shal I never seen yow eft with yfi. 301 

44. Beth nought agast, ne qoaketh nat ; 
wher-to ? 

Ne cliaongeth nat for fere so jroar hewe ; 
For hardely, tbe werste of this is do ; 
And though my tale as now be to yow 

newe, 305 

Tet trist alwey, yo sbal me iinde trowe ; 
And wore it thing that me thoaghte 

To yow nolde T no swicho tales bringo.' 

45. ' Now, my good eem, fur goddes love, 
I preye,' 3"> 

Qaod she, *oom of, and tel me what it i<i; 
For bothe I am agast what ye wol soye. 
And eek me longoth it to wite, y-wis. 
For whether it be wel or be amis, 
Bey on, lat mo not in this fere dwelle :' 
*So wol I doon, now herkneth, I sbnl 
telle: 3»5 

46. Now, nece myn, the kingcs doro sone. 
The goode, wyse, worthy, fresshe, and fVee, 
Which alwey for to do wel is his wone. 
The noble l^ilos, so loveth thee. 
That, bot ye helpe, it wol his bane be. 530 
Lo, here is al, what sholde I more seye ? 
Doth what yow list, to make him live or 


47. But if ye lete him deye, I wol sterve; 
Have her my tronthe, neoe, I nil not lycn ; 

"ZtiitM ant CviMpbe, 

A1 Bhalilg 

with t 



With that iho Mroa 

And sojdo, 'if that ya doon 

Ttias i^ltslnu, than hftveyo llsshedfure; 
What mende yr, Ihoogh that we bothe 

tS. AIlu! ho which Ihftt in m^ lord so 

AllM ! thiit god j-ov 

rhat is BO trewo and worthy, u ye boo, 
Momorethan of a juiwreora wrecilic, j)" 
If ye Ihj jwich, yoiir bcHatce nay not 

yow nooBfal 

Ba. Now nndacitond, for 


To htnde yow to iiim tlinragh no behest«, 
Than ye han doon dt this, aod more feMe, 
So that hli lyf be eaveil, at the len« . 
Tluialandioin, and playnlyonr entente; 
Qod heJpe me so, I never oUur ments. 364 

B8. Iia,thi<Teqiu»tu iiottintsUle,r-wii, 
Ne doute of ruac, pardee, ii thernoon. 
I B«tta the wonte that yu ili«dden thia, 

Ther-ayeiDi answers I Uitu fi-uoon, 3&1 
That every wi^hl, hut be be fool of kind«, 
Wol dome it love of fireendship in hii 

HI Wbatf who wol deme, thon^ he aae 

To tample go, that he the ima^B eteth f 
Thgukeckliowweluid wyslytbit hecan 
Qoi-eme him-aolf, that be Bo-tfaing for- 

That, whnr ho (tometh, he prys and UiBiik 
him goteth ; 


Ztoitim atA ttintj^ 


Hm* jr» him kmi aydn Ibr his lovinfe, 
As low ftyr lov» li ikOftil giMidoiiinfft. 

fi7. Tliink Mk, liow elda watteth evisiy 


In Mhe of yow * party of bMntM ; 

And t]i«rf»«, or that af6 iheo dttvoim, 395 

Go loTO, fiir, oldo, thor wol no wight of 

lAt thia ptOTorbo a loro nn-to jow bo ; 
' Tb lata r^war, ^ood Boantoo, whan it 

And oldo danntoth danafor at tho lasto. 

66L Tlio kingao fool ia wonod to oiyen 

loodo, 400 

Whan that him thinkoth a womman 

boKoth hir hji, 
**8o longa moto yo lira, and alio pvcmdo, 
in «sowM Utlt be t^owo under your yB, 
And aide yow thaano a miroar in to 
piyi 404 

In wh&eha yo mayaee your fiMoaFinorwe !*' 
Neoo, I bid wiariio yow no more eorwe.' 

60l With thia ho atento, and oaeto adoun 

tho hood, 
And oho bigan to bireete »-WHto anoon. 
And aaydoi *allaa, for wo! why nero I 

For of thia WQirid tho fbith ia al agoon ! 41Q 
Allaa! whatsholdeii atrannge to me doom. 
Whan ho, that for my beato ftoend I 

Bot me to love, and aholde it mo defondof 

60l Allaa! I wolde han tmstod, doatoleee, 
Tliat if that I, thoigh my diaaTonturo, 415 
Had loved other him or Aohillaa, 
Eotor, or any mannea oreatnre, 
Yo noldo han had no meroy ne meeure 
On mo, bat alwey had me in reprevo ; 
TUa flJae world, allaa ! who may it lore? 

61. What? ia thia al the joyo and al tho 
feate? 4^1 

la thia your reed, is thia my bliaftd caa ? 
Is thia the verray mode of your beheste f 
Is al this peynted prooes s^d, alias I 414 
Bight for this fyn ? O lady myn, Pallas ! 
Thou in this dredftel cas for me pur^ye ; 
Var so aatonied am I that I deye ! ' 

6S. With that aha gan Ibl aorwftUly to 

'A! may it be no bet? ' qnod Pandams ; 
*■ IRy god, I shal no-moro eome here thia 

^^ko, 430 

And god to-fom, that am mistmsted thns i 
I see ftd wel that ye setto lyte of us, 
Orofourdeoth! Allaa! Iwoftilwreoohe! 
Mighte he yet live, of me is nought to 


68. O oruel god, O dispitonse Harte, 435 
O Furies three of hello, on yow I oxye ! 
So lat mo never out of this hons departe. 
If that I mente harm or vilanye 1 
But sith I see my lord mot nodes dye. 
And I with him, here I me shryve, and 
seyo 440 

niat wikkedly ye doon us bothe daye. 

64. But sith it lyketh yow that I be 

By Neptnnus, that god is of the see, 
Fro this forth shal I never eten breed 
Til I myn owene herte blood may soe ; 445 
For oertayn, I wole deye aa sone as he ' — 
And up he sterte, and on his wey he 

Til she agayn him hy the lappe eanghto. 

66. Oriaeyde, wliieh that wel neigh starf 

for fere, 
80 aa she was the ferftiUesie wight 450 
That mights be, and horde eek with hir 

And saw the sorwfVil emest of the knight, 
And in his preyere eek saw noon unright, 
And for the luurm that mighte eek fallen 

She gan to rewe, and dradde hir wonder 

sore; 455 

66. And thonghte thus, * unhappes fkllen 

Alday for love, and in swioh manor cas. 
As men ben oruel in hem-self and wikke ; 
And if this man slee here him-self, alias I 
In my p r es en ce, it wol be no solas. 460 
What men wolde of hit demo I can nat 

It nedeth me tol ileyly for to pleye^* 

^rotftie on( txwtjtU. 

97. And with n aorwftil syk she Mydo 

72. Tbo fillan they in olhere teles ^Isde, 


Til Btthe Inete, '0 good eem,'qnad shs 

' A • lord ! wbBt mc !« tid a sory oh&imce ! 


Formj-noitatnowlythiajopartya, 465 

■For love of go.!, whirb tbal tu bothe 

And cok myn emea \yt lytb in hnlaaoce ; 

But nathciMB, nitb HTddoi gorarnannoo, 

T«lmohowflr«tye-wiBt8nofhi.wo: " 

I shal no doon. myn hanoar sluil I kepo, 

Wot noon of hit Imt ye?' Ho Beyde, 

AndMlthialyf;' and BtinW for to wope. 

'Can bo vel speke of love?' qaod she, 

68. 'Of harmeB two, the Icbbs is for to 

' I preyo, 

cbeso ; 470 

Tel mo, for I the bet mo shal rnrveyo.' 

Yet bave I lovrr maken bim pood ohoio 

-.3. Tbo Pandaros a lilol gan to amyJi, 

Yo Bojn, ye Bo-tliinEqIle» me reqnero?' 

And Beydo, ' by jny troutbe, I Bbal yow 

'No, wiB,'qnodbo, "mynowoneneeedero,' 

t*Ue. S06 

'Now WBl,'qnodBho, 'and Iwoldoonmy 

Tbla other day, Donght gon fnl longe 

psyne ; 475 


1 ihil myn hsrta ayeins my loH oon- 

In-with the paleys-gardyn, by a wollo. 


Qan he and I wel half a day to dwells, 

68, But thAt I dU not holden him in 

Na love a mim, ne can I oot, ne may 
Ay*iu»my wil; bat ellaa wul I fondo, 
Myn honour sauf, pleae him fro day to 

71 Bono after that bigonnewB to Upe, 

And eaiten with onr dart«e to and fro. 
Til at tbo Isste bo scydo. be woldo ilope. 
And on the ues a-donn ho loydo bim tho ; 


And I after gnn rome to and tn ^,6 


^rotftur dnb CtittgU* 


lliftttomjni hartMbotmeitisy-floiinded, 
Thomgh which I woot that I mot nodes 

dywi; 536 

This is the worsts, I darme not bi-wiyen ; 
And wel the hotter been the gledes rede, 
That men hem wxyen with asshen pale 


78. With that he smoot his heed adonn 
anoon, ^ 540 

And gan to moire, I noot what, trewely. 
And I with that gan stille awey to goon. 
And leet ther-of as no-thing wist hadde X, 
And come ayein anoon and stood him by, 
And sQyde, "a-wake, ye slepen al to 

long*; 545 

It semeth nat that love dooth yow longe, 

79. That slepen so that no man may yow 

Who sey ever or this so dnl a man ?" 

** Ye, fxeend,** qnod he, ** do ye your hedes 

For love, and lat me liven as I can.** 550 
Bat though that he for wo was pale and 

Yet made he tho as fresh a oontenaonce 
Xs though he sholde have led the newe 


80. This passed forth, til now, this other 

It fel that I com roming al allone 555 
Into his ohanmbre, and fond how that he 

Up-on his bed ; but man so sore grono 
Ne herde I never, and what that was his 

Ke wiste I nought ; for, as I was oominge, 
Al sodeynly he lefte his compleyninge. 560 

81. Of which I took somwhat suspecioun, 
And neer I com, and fond he wepte sore ; 
And god so wis be my savacionn. 

As never of thing hadde I no ronthe more. 
For neither with engyn, ne with no lore, 
Unethes mighto I firo the deeth him 
kepe ; 566 

That yet fele I myn herte for him wepo. 

82. And god wot, never, sith that I was 

Was I so bisy no man for to preche, 

Ke never was to wight so depe y-swom, 
Or he me tolde who mighte been his 
leche. 571 

But now to yow rehersen al his speoho, 
Or alle his woftd wordes for to soone, 
Ke bid me not, bat ye wol see me swowne. 

88. But for to save his lyf, and elles 

nought, 575 

And to non harm of jrow, thus am I 

driven ; 
And for the love of god that as hath 

Swich chere him dooth, that h^ and I 

may liven. 
Now have I plat to yow myn herte 

sohriven ; 579 

And sin ye woot that myn entente is dene, 
Tak hede ther-of, for I non jrvcl mene. 

81. And right good thrift, I pray to god, 

have ye. 
That han swich oon y-caught with-oute 

And be ye wys, as ye ben fiedr to see, 
Wel in the ring tl^ is the mby set. 585 
Ther were never two so wel y-mot, 
Whan ye ben his al hool, as he is yonro : 
Ther mighty god yet graunto us see that 

houre !' 

85. ' Nay, therof spak I not, a, ha ! ' quod 

* As helpe me god, ye shenden every deel ! ' 

• O mercy, dere nece,' anoon quod he, 591 
*WLat-flo I spak, I mente nought but 

By Mars the god, that helmed is of steel ; 
Now beth nought wrooth, my blood, my 

nece dere.' 
*Now wel,' quod she, ' foryeven be it here ! ' 

86. With this he took his leve, and boom 
he wente ; 59^ 

And lord, how he was glad and wel bi- 

goon ! 
Criseyde aroos, no lenger she ne stento, 
But straught in-to hir closet wente anoon. 
And sette here doun as stille as any stoon. 
And every word gan up and doun to 

winde, 6ui 

That he hadde sejrd, as it com hir to 


BT. And wex somdel astonied in bir 

Bight fir the cewe cw ; but whui that 

Woa fol Hvysed, tho fbnd she right nought 
OfiterU. why she ooghtfl atered be. <ki6 
For mim may lc»v«f of posalbtlitoe, 
A wonimnn io, his herto mny lo-breste, 
AiidGhe nooebt lore ayein.biit'ifhii late. 

Se. Bat OG aha sat bUano and thcnghts 
thus, 6ic) 

Tb'ABcry ortMM at Blmnnish al vrith-onto, 
And meh orj-do in the streli-, ' asc, Troilns 
Bath right now put ta flight the Qrakei 

With that gon al hir mlynee for to ahodte, 
'A ! go we Bt-fl, easto np tho latia wyda ; 
For thnrgli this Btrcte ha moot to palnys 

an. For othar way ia fro the yate nrmn 
Of Dnrdaniu, thar open ia the cbayao.' 
With that com he and al hii folk anoon 
An (wy paa lydingo, in ronl«« twayno, 6jo 
Bight nshii happy liny wna, BOot)! 

Hii sheld to-dauhed wa« with iwerdea 
and Duou, 641) 

la which men migbte many on arwe 

Tliat thirled badde braii and ucif and 

And ay the peplecrj^e, ' here oometh am 

And, next bii brother, holdero np of 

BB. For which he wox a litol reed Tnc 

sbuno, (<4! 

Whin ho the poplo np-on him herde 

That to biholdo it »as a noble game, 
How lohreliche he caste donn hie ySn. 
Oiyaayda gan ol bra chore aspyon, 
And leetio lofla it in hirhertoiinke, 651 
That (o bir-eelf she seyde, ' who yaf me 

in. For of hir owono thought aha vei kl 
Remembringu hir right thus, ' lo, thij ia 


^rotftuK Mb CtUf^lU. 


How ifbo-mt njth so, mote ha never 
tbee! 670 

Ibr ewrny Ubing, a ginnfag hath it nede 
Br al be wroa^t, irxth-auten any dxede. 

97. Vor I Miyr nought thai she 80 sodeynly 
Taf him hir love, bat that ihe gan endyne 
To lyfce him flzet, and I have told yow 
why; 675 

And after that, hii manhod and hi« pyne 
Hade love vrith-inne hir for to myne, 
For which, by prooes and l^goodservyse, 
He gai hir love, and in no fodeyn ivyae. 

06L And aleo bliaftil Venne, wel arayed, 680 
Sat in hir aeventhe hoas of hevene tho, 
Diepoaed wel, and with aspectes peyed, 
To helpen oely Troilos of hie wa 
And, Booth to feyn, ihe nas nat al a fo 
T6 iSroilQa in hie nativitee ; 685 

God woot that wel the aoner spedde he. 

09. Now lat VLB stinte of Troilns a throwe, 
That rjrdeth forth, and lat xa tonme ioete 
Un-to Grie^yde, that heng hir heed tal 

Ther*ae aheaat allone,and gan to caste 690 
Wher-on ahe wolde apoynte hir at the 

If it so were hir eexn ne wolde oesse, 
For Troilos, np-on hir for to presse. 

100. And, lord ! so she gan in hir thought 

In this matere of which I have yow 
told, 695 

And what to doon best were, and what 

That plyted she fol ofbe in many fold. 

Now was hir hertc warm, now was it cold. 

And what she thonghte somwbat shal I 

Astomynaootorlistethfortoendyte. 700 

101. She thoQ^te wel, that Troilus per- 

She knew by sighto and eek his gentil- 

And thos she seyde, * al were it nought to 

To graonto him love, yet, for his worth!- 

It were hononr, with pley and with glad- 
neese, 70s 

In honestee, with swich a lord to dele, 
For myn estat, and also for his hele. 

102. Eek, wel wot I my kinges sons is he; 
And sith he hath to see me swich delyt, 
If I wolde utterly his sighte flee, 710 

Farannter he mighto have me in dispyt, 
Thorgh which I mighte stonde in wone 

Now were I wjrs, me hate to porchace, 
With-onten nede, ther I may stonde in 


108. In every thing, I woot, ther lyth 
mesnre. 715 

For though a man forbede dronkeneese, 
He nought for-bet that every creature 
Be drinkelees for alwey, as I gesse ; 
Eek sith I woot for me is his distresse, 
I ne oughte not for that thing him des- 
pyse, 720 

Sith it is BO, he meneth in good wyse. 

104. And eek I knowe, of longe tymo 

His thewes goode, and that he is not nyce. 
Ke avanntour, Beyih men, certein, is he 

To wys is he to do so gret a vyce ; 725 
Ke als I nel him never so cheryce, 
That he may make avaunt, by juste cause; 
He shal me never binde in swiche a clause. 

105. Now set a cas, the hardest is, y-wis, 
Men mighten deme that he loveth me : 730 
What dishonour were it un*to me, this ? 
If ay I him lette of that ? why nay, pardoe ! 
I knowe also, and alday here and see, 
Men lovcn wommen ol this toun aboute ; 
Be they the wers? why, nay, with-outen 

doute. 7.15 

106. I thenk eek how he able ia for to 

Of al this noble toun the thriftieste. 
To been his love, so she hir honour save; 
For out and out ho is the worthieste, 739 
Save only Ector, which that is tho beste. 
And yet his lyf al lyth now in my cure, 
But swich is lovo, and eek myn avcnturo. 

ZtoitM ani Cnee^bt. 

IDT. NemBW1ovB,BWoiidoruicnoiigbt; 
Fue wol wot I my-Beir, ao Bi)d job »pede, 
I (un DOn the foyroato, out of drede, 746 
And goodlieflte^ wLo-bo takotli bcde ; 

What wondoriB itthoafrh be of me have 

11^, far love iayut tho mosto stoiTDy Ijf, 
fflight of liiiQ-»olf, that ever was bigonne; 
For ewr som miltrugt, or nyce Uryf, 7S0 
Ther is in lure, 00m cloud ie over tha 

109. What slittJ I dnon? lo what fjn live 

I thus? 
Klinl I nat loven, in cna if that ms leste? 
What, par i/ierij I I nni nought roligioua! 
And thooeli that 1 royn bflrt« Mtto at 

Wbaa na ia wo, bnt wepe and sitte and 

Oar wrpche ia this, onr oweoe vo to 

lis. Also thiiH wikksd tongei been ea 
prast ;Ks 

To apeks nB harm, eok men liesoantraw?, 
That, right anoon aa Msaed is hir loBi, 
aoeaaeth love, and forth to love a newii: 
ntharm y-doon,ia dooD, whivBo it rows. 
For thongb these men for love hem £ist 
Bnde, 79U 

reketh oile at ends. 

Ful sharp bigini 


CrotAw «* C9iatgu. 


And wtth an 

VovhooiiBOfrecild; baft thw, l»4«vis«i 

8h« xiift hir vp, and irmi hir Ibr to pl^js. 

117. Adonn tha lUyrB anoon-di^t tho 

In-to ihm gudin, with Idr naeM thne. 
And up and doon Uior msde many a 

wanfta, 815 

Flozippa, aha, Tharba, and Aatigona, 
To plajan, thai it joja waa to MO ; 
And othaia of hir womman, a grtt nmta, 
[ir Iblwada in tlio gaidin al aboata. 

118L TUa yard was laifo, and laylad alio 

thaalayMi 8jo 

And shadirad wel with blotmy bowet 

And banchod newe, and sondad alio the 

In whioh iha walketh arm in arm bi- 

Til at the laita Antigona the shene 
Oan on aXrojan ■ong to nnga clere, S2$ 
That it an haven was hir Toys to here. — 

110. She iejda, * love, to whom I have 

Ban homUa snbgit, trewe in myn entente, 
As I beat can, to yow, lord, yeve ioh al 
For aver-more, myn hertes lost to rente. 830 
For narar yet thy grace no wight eonte 
80 bUaflil oaose as me, my 13^ to lede 
In aUa joye and Beartee,oatof drede. 

190. Ye, Uisftd god, han me 10 wel beset 
In lova, 3^wis, that al that boreth lyf 855 
Imaginen ne oowde how to ben bet; 
For, ktfd, with-onten jaloosye or strsrf, 
I love oon which that is most ententyf 
To serven wel, onwery or nnfiQsmed, 
That Bwn was, and leest with harm dis- 
treyned. 840 

181. Ashethatisthewelleofworthinesse, 
Of troathe ground, mirour of goodliheed. 
Of wit AppoUo, stoon of sikemesM, 
Of rerta rote, of lost findere and heed, 

Y-wis, I lova him 
Aowgood thrift 

122. WhoDLsboldelthaBkabatjxnr.pMl 

Of al this biiase, in which to bathe I 

And thanbad beye, lord, for that I love ! $9* 
This is iha ri^te lyf that I am inae. 
To flaman alle manere vyoe and sinne : 
This doth ma ao to verta for to entenda, 
That dmy by dmy I in my wil amende. 

12SL And whoao seyth that for to lo\-e is 

▼yea, 855 

Or thraldom, though he iala in it dia- 

He oathar is envyoos, or right nyca, 
Or is nnmighty, for his shrewednesse, 
To loven; for swich manor folk, I gene, 
Defamen love, as no-thing of him knowe ; 
They speken, bat th^ bente never his 
bowe. 861 

124. What is the Sonne wen, of kindo 

Though that a man, for febleese of his 

May nought endure on it to sco for 

Or love the wers, though wrccchcs on it 

cryen? 865 

Ko wele is worth, that may no sorwe 

And for-thy, who that hath an heed of 

Fro cast of stones war him in the werro ! 

126, But I with al myn herte and al my 
might, 869 

As I have seyd, wol love, nn-to my laste. 
My dere herte, and al myn owene knight, 
In which myn herte growen is so fasto, 
And his in me, that it shal over laste. 
Al dredde I first to love him to biginno, 
Now woot I wel, ther is no i>eril inno.* 875 

128. And of hir song right with that word 

And therwith-al, 'now, nece,* quod Cri« 


I .^ 

t^ntfUfl ant £neC{»M. 

■Who mwie this Bons with so good bd- 

AntiKono Aiuwenle ano^tD, and aOfdD, 
' Ha damf-. y-wia. tlir< pwllisne moj-ds SSo 
Orgreet estnt iniil the tuun otTroye; 
Aad lot hirlyf In moffl honanrancl J070/ 

m, ' itnm^th by hir wm^,' 
(Jaod tho CriHylo, anil gnu ther-wiUi to 

And aeyile, ' lurd, is thsra swicli blisse 

TheM Invon, M they cirane fairs eud}^ ? ' 
■Vht wLh,* r|nod freah AolJ^ne tha whyte, 
' For me Cho folk that hjm or be«ii on ly\-o 
No conna wsl tha bliaae uf love dUcriTe. 

1^. Bat wono ya th*t eyory nrecche 

ThoparfltblimioflovBV why, nay, y-wia ; 
They wen en b1 bd love, il'onn be hoot; 
Do woy, do woy, thoy woot no-lhing of 

She aeydc. tbnt In sicpo wri hir letle. 
Hie wommen Bono til hir bod liir brougbtt 
Whun hI wua hiut, tbiui Uy sbu itille, and 
though to glj 

f al (ibiii thing the oanero and Uis wyw. 
Beherca it nedeth uooght, foryebanwyie. 
IS3. A nightingale, npon a oedre graQB, 
Under the chooibre-wal ther aa she lay, 
FdI londe aang ayaia the mone sheas, 9x1 
Paraunter, in bii briddoB wyss, a lay 
Of lore, that made bir herlo fteali and gm^. 
That horkQaduhesoIoxigeiD good#nt«uta, 
Til at the iaata the dode sleep hir haute. 

138. And, OS sho Blaop, onoou-right tlio 
Lir metta, 915 

How that an eglf , fptbored whyt as boon, 
Under hir brB«t his longo clnwes sutt*, 
And out bir herte be rente, and that 

And dide his herte in-t« bir brest to goon, 

Of which she nought ogiuog uo no-thing 

smorte, Qjo 

And forth bo fleigh, with berte leit for 

Book It] 

^roifti0 anb Ctikt^it 


And «iv«ry wight out ftk the dore him 

And wh«r him list upon, his wey he 

B«t Troilus, that thonghte his herte 

Uadde 95u 

For wo, til thftt he herde som tydinge, 
He seyde, *fireend, dud I now wepe or 


187. QBodP»ndanis,*]yBtille,Midl«tme 

And don thjn hood, thy nedfls spedde be ; 
And chese, if thoa wolt singe or dMmce or 

1«P«; 955 

At shorte wordes, thow ahelt trowe me. — 
Sire, my nece wol do wel by thee, 
And lore thee best, l^ god and by my 

Boi Ink <»f porsnit make it in thy slonthe. 

188L For thns ferforth I hnve thy work 
bigonne, 960 

Fro dny to day, til this day, by the morwe, 

Uir love of freendship have I to thee 

And also hath she leyd hir fejrth to borwe. 

Algate a foot is hameled of thy sorwe.* 

What shdlde I longer sermon of it holde? 

As ye han herd bif ore, al he him tolde. 966 

138. But right as floores, thomgh the 

colde of night 
Y-dosed, stoupen on hir stalkes lowe, 
Bedressen hem a-yein the sonne bright, 
And spreden on hir kinde ooors by rowe ; 
Right so gan tho his eyen up to throwe 971 
This Troilns, and aeyde, * O Venus dere. 
Thy might, thy grace, y-heried be it here ! ' 

140. And to Pandare he held up bothe his 

And seyde, * lord, al t hyn be that I have ; 975 
For I am hool, id brosten been my bondes ; 
A thousand Troians who so that me yave, 
Eohe alter other, god so wis me save, 
Ke mighte me so gladen ; lo, myn. herte, 
Itspredeth8oforjoye,it wolto-sterte! 980 

141. Bnt lord, how shal I doon, how shal 

Whan shal I next my dere herte itef 

How shal this longe tyme a-wey be driven. 
Til that thoa be ayein at hir fro me ? 
Thoa mayst answere, **a-byd, a-byd,** bat 
he 985 

Thathangeth by the nekke, sooth to seyne, 
In grete disese abydeth for the peyne,' 

142. ' Al esily, now, for the love of Harte,* 
Qaod Pandaras, *for every thing hath 
tyme; 989 

So longe abyd til that the night departe ; 
For al so siker as thow lyst here by mo. 
And god tofom, I wol be there at prjnne. 
And for thy werk somwhat as I shal seye, 
Or on som other wight this charge leye. 

148. For pardee, god wot, I have ever 

yi<> 995 

Ben redy thee to aerve, and to this night 

Have I noaght fayned, bat emforth my 

Don al thy last, and shal with al my 

Do now as I shal seye, and fare a-right ; 
And if thoa nllt, wyte althy-self thy caro. 
On me is noaght along thynyvel fare. loox 

1 44. I woot wel that thow wyaer art .than I 
A thoasand fold, bat if I were as thou, 
God helpe me bo, as I wolde oatrely, 
Bight of myn owene bond, wryte hir 

right now 1005 

A lettre, in which I wolde hir tellen how 
I ferde amis, and hir beseche of roathe ; 
Now help thy-eelf, and leve it not for 


145. And I my-self shal ther-with to hir 

And whan thoa wost that I am with hir 
there, loio 

Worth thoa ap-on a coarser right anoon. 
Ye, hardily, right in thy boste gere. 
And ryd forth by the place, as noaght ne 

And thou shalt finde as, if I may, sittinge 
At som windows, in-to the strete lokinge. 

146. And if thee list, than maystow ns 
salawe, 1016 

And np-on me makii thy oontenaonce i 


Ztoitiu A*tt Cviu^t. 

Byd forth thy wey, «iiil hold thy govem- 
And «-e abal speke oT thea loin-whAt. I 

U7. Tonchiag thy Uttre, Uioo art wyB 
y-noogh, loaj 

1 nroot thow nilt it dignelicbe endyto ; 
Ai Bi&ke it with thin ugmneiitM tough ; 
No Borivenish ororaf»ily thoQ it wrytei 
BiiHotIo it with thy terM cek n lyM ; 
And if Ihoa wryte ft goodly word al Bolle, 
Thoagh it bo gooel, roherce it not to ofto. 

lis. For thoogli tho bcslo harponr upon 
lyvo lojo 

Wolde on the heate sonned joly harpe 
That eror was, with alia his SngreB (yw, 
Tnnche sy o streng, or ay o werboi hftrpe, 
Woro his uayles po>-atod never » Bhupe, 
ItBhnldemskeii ovcrywight to dalle, lojj 
e his gleo, and of his atrokes Aille. i 

Bigtit of hti boDil. Mid if that tbon oiU 

coon, 1055 

I«t be ; and S017 iDole he been hi* lyve, 

Ayeini thy liut that helpetb thao to 

152. QnodTiDilaa, 'QqNiriI><iu',Imeatai 
~ Ji that tiioe list, I wiU aryMand wryt«; 
And bllsAU pti preys ich, with good 

The vyagflf and tho lettre 1 flhal endyte, 
60 apede it ; and thou, Uioem, tha «liyt«, 
Yif thon ma wit my Itttre to devyae '.' 
And Mtte him doniii and wroot right in 

153. Firtt ho gan liir his righto lady 
catle, lofis 

His hertoB lyl': his tost, his sorWM loche. 

Hia blisn, and eek thia others tennea 

That in Bwiohoiw those lovoiea alls iDoliB; 

And In TilI haiiibl« wyne, »liibii«p«olii, 

He pin him recomannda nn-tn hir ftrao«; 

To telle nl how, it lueth machel Bjiaoe. iii;i 

this, fDl lowly he hir 


Croifti0 anb Criee^e. 


H* klito tlio the Uitn that ha ahette, 1090 
And Myde, ' l#itre, a UIbAiI destenee 
nifse ihapen ia, my lady ihal thee see.' 

157. Thl« FAndare took the lettre, and 

A-morwe, and to hi« neoes paleys eterte, 
And fiMrte he swoor, that it yrtm paeaed 

pryme, 1095 

And can to jape, and eeyde, * y-wif, myn 

80 freeh it ii, al-thoogh it aore nnerte, 
I may not slepe never a ICayee morwe ; 
I have a joly wo, a Insty lorwe.' 

158. Criseyde, whan that she hir nncle 
herde, iioo 

With dreedfVil herte, and desirous to here 
The cause of his oominge, thus answerde, 
*Kow by yota feyth, myn nnole,' qnod 

she, *dere. 
What maner windes gydeth yow now 

here? 1104 

Tel US yonr joly wo and your penannce, 
How ferforth be ye pnt in loves dannoe/ 

159. *By god,' quod he, *I hoppe alwey 
bihinde ! ' 

And she to-langh, it thonghte hir herte 

Qnod Pandaros, * loke alwey that ye flndo 
Game in myn hood, bat herkneth, if yow 

leste; 11 10 

Ther is right now come in-to tonne a geste, 
A Greek espye, and telleth newe thinges, 
For which come I to telle yow tydinges. 

160. Into the gardin go we, and we shal 

Al prevely, of this a long sermonn. ' 1115 
With that thoy wenten arm in arm y-fere 
In-to the gardin fW>m the chanmbre donn. 
And whan that he so fer was that the 

Of that he speke, no man here mighte, 
He seyde hir thus, and oat the lettre 

pUghte, iiao 

161. ' Lo, he that is al hoolly yonres tne 
Him recomaandeth lowly to yonr grace. 
And sent to yon this lettre here by me ; 
Avyscth yon on it, whan ye han space, 

And of som goodly aaswera yow pnvehare ; 
Or, helpe me god, so pleynly for to seyne. 
He may not longe liven for his peyne.' 

162. Fal dredftilly tho gan she itonde 

And took it nought, bat al hir homble 

Gan for to ohannge, and seyde, * sorit ne 

bUle, 1 1 30 

For love of god, that toaeheth swich 

Ke bring me noon; and also, nncle 

To myn estat have more reward, I preye. 
Than to his lost; what sholde I more 


168. And loketh now if this be reson- 

able, 1135 

And letteth nought^ for fiivonr ne for 

To seyn a sooth ; now were it oovenable 
To myn estat, by god, and l^yoar tronthe. 
To taken it, or to han of him ronthe. 
In harming ofmy-selfor in reprove? 1140 
Ber it a-yein, for him that ye on love ! ' 

164. This Pandaros gan on hir for to 

And seyde, *now is this the grettest 

That everl sey ! lat be this njrce fare ! 
To deethe mote I smiten be with thonder, 
If, for the oitee which that stondeth 

yonder, 1146 

Wolde I a lettre nn-to yow bringe or take 
To harm of yow ; what lifft yow thns it 


165. Bnt thns ye fturen, wel neigh alle and 
some, 1 149 

That he that moet desireth yow to serve. 
Of him ye reoohe leest wher he bioome, 
And whether that he live or elles sterve. 
Bnt for al that that ever I may d e s er ve, 
Beftise it nooght,' qaod he, and hente hir 

And in hir bosom the lettre donn he 

thraste, li5jS 

338 ^roifw an6 Cviugit. (&»» u 

166. And nyde hir, ' now out it ftinv 

■WJiiohhmu?" qnod aliB. and gun for to 


That folk mar ■mi "id RAnren on lu 

And knew It wel, and whoa it ma him 

tolde, „^ 

Qaod rfie, ■ I am abydo til they bo goon,' 

And gan to smjle. aad seyde liim, 'eem, 

I'l. And mien forth in speche of thlngss 

I prcyB, 

Swich aUBware na jow liit yma-eU pnr- 

And U'ten in tbo window botho twaye. 

Whan Pondnnia saw tyme nn-to hiatAto. 

And saw wel that hir folk were alia 

■ No? than wol I,"qnod ho, 'aoyeendyto.' 


'Now, Deca Diyn, tel on,' qnod he, 'I 

IBT. Thorwith Bho longli, and seyde, 'go 

seye, iig5 

How lykalh yow tha lettre thnt ye wool ? 

And ho gun at him-Bolf to jape farte. iiOi 

Cnn he thoiHjn? for, Ijy my tronthe, I 

Andseyde, ' neoo, I h ava bo Broet a pyno 

For lovo, that arery other day I bate ■— 

Aod eon Ilia hoato jnpea forth to casto ; 

na. Tharwith al ro»y hewed tho WM >hft 

And mado hir >o to Lmghs at his folya, 

And gnn to hamme, and wyde. 'so I 

That sho for Janghter wende for lo dya. 


' Aqnyto him wal, for goddes love,' qnod 

16S. And whan that she wagcomsn in-to 

he ; iKn 

' Sow, eem,' qnod she, • we wol ro dyna 

• My-flelf to modes wol the lettro Bowe,' 

And held his hondes up, and u.t on 

And gan lome of hir womon to hir calle, 

' New. goodo nece, lie it never no lyto. 

Yif me .he labour, it to bowb and plyt*.' 

Book XL] 

^rOtftl0 Mb CtiUj^ 


TomurdM hir, bat holdsn him In honde 
Sho nolde nougfat, ne make hir-aelTeii 

In love, but m his snster, him to plaoo, 
She wolde fiiyn, to doon his herte an 

176i She thette it, and to Fandarva gan 



^ere as he lat and loked in-to itrete, 
And doon she sette hir by him on a stoon 
Of jaspre, np-on a qoisshin gold y-bete, 
And seyde, * as wiily helpe me god the 

grete, 1230 

I never dide a thing with more peyne 
Than wryte this, to which ye me oon- 


177. And took it him : he thonked hir 
and seyde, 

*GK>d woot, of thing M. otfte looth bigonne 
Cometh ende good; and neoe myn, Cri- 

seyde, 12^5 

That ye to him of hard now ben y-wonne 
Ooghte he be glad, l>y god and yonder 

For^why men seyth, *' impres8ioan(e]8 

Fal lightly been ay redy to the flighte." 

178. Bnt ye han pleyed tjrrannt neigh to 
longe, 1240 

And hard was it yonr herte for to grave ; 
Now stint, that ye no longer on it honge, 
Al wolde yo the forme of dannger save. 
Bnt hasteth j^w to doon him joye have ; 
For trosteth wel, to longe y-doon hard- 
neRse 1345 

Canseth de6p3rt taX often, for distresse. ' 

179. And right as they dedamed this 

Lo, Troilns, right at the stretes ende, 
Com ryding with his tenthe some y-fere, 
Al soflely, and thiderward gan bende 1 250 
Ther-fitf they sete, as was his wey to wende 
To paleys-ward ; and Pandarehim aspyde, 
And seyde, ' neoe, y-see who oometh here 
rydo ! 

180. O floo not in, he seeth ns, T suppose ; 
Jipst ho mny thinke that yo him eschnwo.* 

' Kay, nay,* quod she, and wez as reed as 
rose. 1256 

\^th that he gan hir hnmbly to salnwe, 
With dreedftil ohere, and ofte his hewee 

mnwe ; 
And np his look debonairly he caste, 
And bekked on Fandare, and forth he 
paste. ij6o 

181. God woot if he sat on his hors a-right, 
Or goodly was beeeyn, that ilke day I 
God woot wher he was lyk a manly 

knight ! 
What liholde I dreoohe, or telle of his 

Cris^de, which that alle these thinges 

say, 126s 

To telle in short, hir lyked al y-fere. 
His persone, his aray, his look, his chore, 

182. His goodly manere and his gentil- 

So wel, that never, sith that she was bom, 
Ke hadde she swich ronthe of his dis- 
tresse ; 1270 
And how-eo she hath hard ben her-bifom, 
To god hope I, she hath now canght a 

She shal not pnlle it ont this nexte wyke ; 
God sonde mo swich thomes on to pyko ! 

188. Pandare, which that stood hir faste 

Felte iron hoot, and he bigan to smyte, 
And seyde, * nece, I pray yow hortely, 
Tol me that I shal axen yow a lyte. 
A womman, that were of his deeth to 

With-onten his gilt, bnt for hir Ukkotl 

ronthe, ia8o 

Were it wel doon ? ' Qnod she, ' nay, by 

my tronthe ! ' 

181. * Goil holpe me so,* qnod he, * yo sey 

me eooth. 
Ye felon wel yonr-self that I not lye ; 
Lo, jrond he rit ! ' Qnod she, * ye, so he 

* Wel,' qnod Pandare, * as I have told yow 

thxye, 1385 

Lat be yonr nyce shame and yonr fulye, 
And spok with him in esing of his hcrto ; 
lAt nycetee not do yow botbo smerte.' 

t^roiftts (tnb Cnstptt. 

Coniidered al thing, it may not be ; 11911 
And vhy, for ahamo ; and it were eeh t<i 

To graiinten bim ■□ itnot n lilierteK 
■ For ploynlf hir eniente,* as Heydo llie, 
Wufur tolovehimnnwlsl, ifBhera%hM, 
And enardon him with no-thing bat vith 

if<e. Bat PaoditTiu tboiiehte, 'it ghat not 

If that I may ; this nyca opinlonn 
Shftl not hi holden fuUy j-area two.' 
Wbat shoide I mako of this a long ter- 

He moalo auoDte on that eonclnBioQn 1300 
Asforthotj-mo; and whan that itwuovo, 
Aad al wu wel, ha looa and took his lere. 

IS". And onbis wey to! faWehoniwsrd he 

And riglit for joys he felte hit herte 

And Troilnft be fond alone a-bsddo, 1305 
That Inr w dootli these loverei, in n 

On which, faim tlianghtc, he mlghte hii 

Al HTered aha the wordea nndar ibeld. 
ThuR to the mora worthy part he held, 
That, what for bope and Pandanu bt- 

Hia eratfl wo for-yedo hv at the !e»t«. 1,110 

lei. BatMWfl may alday onr-Belven lee. 
Through mors wodo or eol, the more <yr; 
Eight BO oncioes of bopo, of what it be, 
Thetwlth lU ofte enoreMtb eek dBSyr; 
Or, BS an oak oocoetb of a litel ipyr, iw 
So throngh thU lettre, which that «ho 

gan d(uiyr, of which be brenf a 

108, Wherforo 1 aeyo alwoy, that day and 

This T^ilns gan io dealren more 

Than he dide erst, thnnth hope, and dide 


VMhm out Cme^M; 


And bUl^ with al Uf bflite 

wo to deen, and thftt as fiwte ; 

196w And Mjde, 'locd, and freend, and 

nroCiMV davSi 
Qodwoot that iliyiHwai doth me wg 1560 
But woHow stintfln al this wo<xil oheie, 
And, by my troothe, or it be di^'M two, 
And god to>foni, j«t ifaal I diape it ao, 
That thoa dialt come in-to a eertayn 

nier-as thofQ majit thy-adf hir pr^ye of 


IM. Andeertainly.Inootifthoaitwoat, 
But tho that been eaqpext in lore it aeye, 
It if oon of the thingea that ftirthereth 

A man to have a Uyner for to preye, 
Andaikerplaoehiswofortobiwreye; 1370 
For in good herte it moot aom ronthe 

To here and lee the giltles in distreaae. 

197. Farannter thenkestow:' though it 

be 80 
That kinde wolde doon hir to biginne 
To ban a maner nmthe np-on my wo, 1 375 
Seyth Dannger, .^Nay, thou ahalt me 

never winne ; 
So renleth hir hir hertes goost with-inne, 
That, though ihe bende, yet she stant on 

What in effect is this nn-to my bote ?' 


196w Thenk here-ayeins, whan that the 

stordy ook, 1380 

On which men hakketh ofte, for the 

Boceyved hath the happy falling strook. 
The grete gweigh doth it oomo al at ones, 
As doon these rokkes or these milne-stones. 
For swifter conrs cometh thing that is of 

wighte, 1385 

Whan it descendeth, than don thinges 


199. And reed that boweth doon for every 

Fnl lightly, cesse wind, it wol aryse ; 
But so nil not an ook whan it is cost ; 
It nedeth me nonght thee longe to forbyso. 

Meaahalrejoysnofagrset —fjwi 1991 
Aeheved wd, and stant with-ovten dottto, 
Al han men been the lenger ther^bonte. 

200. Bnt, Troilns, yet tel me, if thee lest, 
A thing now whieh that I shal axen 

thee; 1355 

Which is thy brother that thoa loTSSt 

As in thy Tsrray hertes privetee? * 
* Y-wia, my brother Deiphebas,* qnod he, 
*Now,* qnod Pandare, *er hoores twyes 

He shal thee ese, nnwist of it him-aelva. 

201. Now lat me allone, and warken as 
I may,' 1401 

Qnod he ; and to Deiphebas wente he tho 
Which hadde his lord and grete fireend 

ben ay; 
Save Troilns, no man he lovede so. 
To telle in short, with-onten wordes mo, 
Qnod Fandarns, * I pray yow that ye be 
Freend to a caose which that toncheth 

me.* 1407 

202. »Yifl, Pardee,' qnod Deiphebas, 'wel 
thow wost. 

In al that ever I may, and god to-fore, 
Al nere it bat for man I love most, 1410 
My brother Troilns ; bat sey wherfore 
It is ; for sith that day that I was bore, 
I nas, ne never-mo to been I thinke, 
Ajreins a thing that mighte thee for- 

208. Pandare gan him thonke, and to 
him seyde, 14 15 

' Lo, sire, I have a lady in this toan, 
That is my noce, and called is Crisejrde, 
Which sommen woldendoonoppressioan. 
And wrongAUly have hir possessionn : 
Wherfor I of year lordship yow biseche 
To been oar freend, with-onte more 
speche.* U'l 

204. Deiphebas him answerdo, * O, is not 

That thow spekest of to me thas 

Cris<>yda, my fVeend ?' He seyde, • Yis/ 
'Than ncdoth,* qao<l Dciphobns hardnly, 

^veifue onb Cvistgit. 

i this Bhal bo iloon,' qnod Pan- 

205. But t«I mp, than thnt vcxMt al tliis 

How I mxc>>t beat nvaylan ? now Ut uw.' 
Qood Pandanu. 'If yo, my lord bo doro, 
Woldfin afl now doQ this hctnour to axa^ 
To prayen hir to-iaoTwe. la, that slio 
Tom nn-to yow lilr pleyntes to devyae, 
HirodTflrsariefl^oldeof hit AgryBe. ■4^^i: 

And cimrgen j-ow to liavo no greet tm- 

To lian som of yonc iiretlioTon bore witL 

TUnt migliten to liir canso bot ftvoylo. 
Tbnn, woot I wbI, she niighto novor faylo 
For to bo iiolp™, wlint at your innmnoe, 
What with hir otliBra freendoB govern- 

ii neCKS hotu, as streght aa lyne. 
aad fond hir I'm the mote aryea; 
M him doun, and spak right in 

B aeyde, 'O varay god, i 

yo noneht war how tlmtfalsPolipUeta 
now aboute efVsonee far to pints, 
And bringo on yow advooaoyM newe 7 ' 
' I ? no,' quod she, and cfaauiiged ol hir 

£11, 'What i« he mare abonto, me to 

And d<vin U6 wnmg? what thai I ilt. 

Tot of him-SBlf no-thinB ne woldolreroho, 
and En»iui, 


^rotfti6 Mib Cvitftj^. 


214. Wbanne this WMdoon, this FluidAxe 

vp »-noon, 
To telle in ihort, and forth gan for to 

To Troilns, m stille at any stoon, 
And al this thing he tolde him, word and 

ende ; 1495 

And how that he Beiphehns gantoUende ; 
And seyde himi *now is tyme, if that thon 

To here thee wel to-morwe, and al is 


filK. Now spek, now pr^, now pitoosly 

lAt not for nyoe shame, or drede, or 

alouthe ; 1500 

Som-tjme a man mot telle his owene 

Bileve it, and she shal han ontheeronthe ; 
Thoa shalt be saved by thy fejrth, in 

Bat wel wot I, thoa art now in a drede ; 
And what it is, I leye, I can arede. 1505 

216. Thow thinkest now, '*how sholde 
I doonal this? 

For by my chores mosten folk aspjre, 
That for hir love is that I fare a-mis; 
Tet hadde I lever onwist for sorwe dye." 
Now thenk not so, for thoa dost greet 
folye. 1510 

For right now have I foonden o manero 
Of sleighte, for to coveren al thy chore. 

217. Thow shalt gon over night, and that 
as Uyve, 

Un-to Deipiiebns boos, as thee to pleye. 
Thy maladye a-wey the bet to drjrve, 1515 
For-wby thoa lemest syk, soth for to seye. 
Sone alter that, doan in thy bed thee leye, 
And sey, thow mayst no longer ap endaro, 
And lye right there, and bs^de thyn aven- 

218. Sey that thy fever is wont thee for 
to take 1510 

The same tyme, and lasten til a-morwe; 
And lat see now how wel thoa canst 

it make, 
For, par-dee, syk is he that is in sorwa 

€k> now, Aurewel! and, Venos here to 

borwe, 1524 

I hope, and thoa this parpos holde ferme. 

Thy grace she shal Ai}ly ther conferme.' 

219. Qaod Troilas, *y-wis, thoa nedelees 
Coonseylest me, that sykliche I me feyne ! 
For I am qrk in emest, doatelees, 

So that wel neigh I sterve for the peyne.' 
Qaod Fandams, *thoa shalt the bettre 

pleyne, x53< 

And hast the lasse nede to ooontrefete ; 
For him men demen hoot that men seen 


220. Lo, holde thee at thy triste oloos, 
and I 

Shal wel the deer an-to thy bowe diyve.' 
Therwith he took his leve al softely, 1536 
And Troilas to paleys wente blyve. 
So glad ne was he never in al his lyve ; 
And to Pandaras reed gan al assente. 
And to Beiphebns boos at night he 
wente. 1540 

221. What nedeth yow to tellen al the 

That Deiphebas on-to his brother mado. 
Or his acoesse, or his syklich manere, 
How men gan him with clothes for to 

Whan ho was leyd, and how men wolde 

him glade ? i545 

Bnt al for nooght, he held forth ay the 

That ye han herd Pandare er this devysoi 

222. Bat oerteyn is, er Troilas him leyde, 
Deiphebos had him prayed, over ni^t. 
To been a freend and helping to Criseyde. 
God woot, that he it graantede anon- 
right, i55« 

To been hir ftille freend with al his might. 
Bat swich a nede was to prejre him 

As for to bidde a wood man for to renne. 

228. The morwen com, and neighen gan 

the tyme 1555 

Of me^-tyd, that the fkire qaene Eleyne 

Shoop hir to been, an hoaro after the 


^roifue ant Crisepbc. 

Dtit ns hi? sQStor, hooml.T, moth to Myna, 
iiLe com to liicermhirpUfn entente, i.s&i 
Bat god anil Faudan wisto al uihAt tliia 

ass. Heide al thli thing Cruerde «>^1 
y-ntragb, i.tjo 

And ever; word gui for (<■ notice i 
For which with >abre chero hir bert« 

224. Como cak Criwyda, al innocent i 

Antigono, hir Bister Tub« al» ; 
Bat flee wo now pniliiltce b<»t is, 
For lovo uf god, and Int na faate go 15S5 
Right to tho cffoDl, with-ooto tAlea ra 
Why al thU folk aaMaii,led in tliU 
And lat us of bic «»lninges pMe. 

And feddo hem wel with nl thftt mtghle 
lyko. -JTO 

Bnt evor-more, 'allium waa hia refrejn, 
' Uf goodo brother Trqilna, tho syke, 
Ljih jet^ — and thoTwitb-al ha gan to 

For for 

SSS. Tho tyme com, fro diner for to ryie, 
And, as him onghte, ftriseu aveiychoon, 
And gonno a whi>l of thli ftud that deryn. 
Bnt Fandams bmk al thia ipsch* ■noon, 
And Kjde to DeiiihebTU, ' vole ya goon. 
If jonrO willo bo, aa I yow preyde, i6iu 
To 9p«ks bare of the n^a of Crl>e}^Ie ? ' 

2S0. Eleyno, which that by the hand hir 

Took flrat the tale, and leyde, ' go wo 

blyve;' 1*05 

And goodly on Criieyde aha bihold. 
And ««yde, ' JovBS lat him never thrjre, 
Tliat dooth yow harm, and brioge hint 


ZtoitM Mb Cvfo^be. 


na. Spak than Bleome, and Mjde, * Fan- 
dams, 1625 
Woot ought my loud, my brother, thii 

I mane, Eotor ? or woot it Troiloa? ' 
He aeyde, * ye, hat wole ye now me here t 
Me thinketh this, lith OTioiliis la here, 
It were good, if that ye wolde aaaente, 1630 
She toldehlr^elf himal thla, erahe wente. 

884. For he wole have the more hir grief 

By came, lo, that she a lady ia ; 
And, by your leve, I wol bat right in 

And do yow wite, and that anoon, y- 

wia, 1635 

If that he depe, or wole onght here of 

And in he lepte, and aeyde him in his 

*Qod have thy soale, y-broaght have I 

thy here!* 

285. To smylen of this gan tho Troilos, 
And Pandaros, with-onte rekeninge, 1640 
Oat wente anoon t' Eleyne and Deiphebos, 
And seyde hem, 'so there be no tarjringe, 
Ne more pres, he wol wel that ye bringe 
Crislyda, my lady, that is here ; 
Andashemay endnren, he wole here. 1645 

286. Bat wel ye woot, the ohaombre is 
bat lyte, 

And fewe folk may lightly make it warm ; 
Now loketh ye, (for I wol have no wjrte, 
To bringe in prees that mighte doon him 

Or him disesen, for my bettre arm), 1650 
Wher it be bet ihe hyde tn eft-sones ; 
Now loketh ye, that knowen what to 

doon isL 

287. I sey for me, best is, as I can knowe, 
That no wight in ne wente bat jre tweye. 
Bat it were I, for I can, in a throwe, 1655 
Beheroe hir cas, aniyk that she can seye ; 
And after this, she may him ones preye 
To ben good lord, in short, and take hir 

This m^y not maohel of his ese him reve. 

288. And eek, for she is straonge, he wol 

forbore 1660 

His ese, which that him thar nonght for 

Eek other thing, that toacheth not to 

He wol me telle, I woot it wel right now. 
That secret is, and for the tonnes prow.* 
And they, that no-thing knewe of this 

entente, 1665 

With-oate more, to Troilas in they wente. 

288. Eleyne in al hir goodly softs wyse, 
Gan him aalnwe, and womanly to pleye, 
And seyde, 'ywis, ye moste ttlweyea aiyse ! 
Now fiiyre brother, both al hool, I preye ! ' 
And gan hir arm right over his sholder 
leye, 1671 

And him with al hir wit to reoomforte ; 
As she best oonde, she gan him to dis- 

240. So after this qnod she, 'we yow 

My dere brother, Deiphebas, and I, 1675 
For love of god, and so doth Pandare eke, 
To been good lord and freend, right 

Un-to CTriseyde, which that certeinly 
Receyveth wrong, as woot wel here Fan- 
That can hir cas wel bet than I declare.' 

241. This Fandaras gan newe his tonge 
afiyle, 1681 

And al hir cas reheroe, and that anoon ; 
Whan it was seyd, sone after, in a whyle, 
Qnod Troilas, * as sone as I may goon, 
I wol right fayn with al my might ben 

oon, 1685 

Have god my troathe, hir caase to sastene.' 
' Good thrift have jre,' qnod Eleyne the 


242. Qaod Fandarni, 'andityoarwillebc^ 
That ibe may take hir leve, er that she 

' Or elles god for-bede,' tho qnod he, 1690 
* If that she voache saof for to do so.' 
And with that word qnod Troilas, 'jre two, 
Deiphebas, and my soster leef and dere, 
To yow have I to speke of o matere, 


Ztntuf dnt Cm^be. 

■Ua. To been AryaeA by yoor rseil tba 
betlru':— 1695 

And fond, m h»p wu, nt his beddes be«d, 
The cnpie of a tretis uid k lettre, 
Thiit Ector h&dds him Bent to nxen real, 
If awicli u man was Borthy to ben de«l. 
Woot I noa^ht who ; bat in a grisly wyae 
He preyedo faem tmoou on it avyBe. 1 701 

Si4. JDeiphebTu gan thia lettre to tmfoMe 
Id ome« groet ; w> dido Eleyne the queue ; 
AndromingeontwHTd, fwit it gfuihiliolde, 
BoTOword m Iteyie, into an herbcr 


s like thing they roddoi 











Sio. Now lat hem rede, and torDo ve 

To Fandarus, that gaa ful faste prye 1710 
That al waa wrl, and oat he gan to Roon 
In-tu the frolc cbiimbro, (uid that iu hyo, 
And Bpjilfl, ' god BBVe al this companyo ! 
Com, nocB myn ; my Udy qoene Eleyne 
Abydoth yow, and eek my hordes tweyno. 

And ii 

t plyt 


And inmrd thm fol aolt«ly bisinna ; 
Neoe, t ooDJDrB and hoifhly yow dsfende, 
On his half, which that >owle oi alle 

And iu the vartae of ooronnca tweyne, 
Sleo nonght tbia man, that hHth for ynw 

21s. Ff en the derel '. tltenk which oon 

he is, 
And in what plyt he lytb; eomofanocn^ 
Thenk al swich t«ried tyd, bnt lost it nia! 
That wcl ye bothe aeyn, whan ye ben 00a. 
Seoonndelich, ther yet deryneth noon 1741 
Up-on J-ow two ; com of now, ifyo oonoe; 
Whyl folk ia blent, lo, al the tyice ia 

ioQ. Id titering, and imraoite, and d^ 

The folk deryne at wagginge of a fltree; 
And though ye wotde lian after mery~ 

Book lit] 

^rotftis anb Cvm^t. 


BOOK ni. 

Indpit Prohemiiim Tercii Libii. 

1. O BLurcL light, of whiohe the hemes 

Adometh al the thridde hevene fairo ! 
O sonnes leef, O Jovee donghter dere, 
Flesaimoe of love, O goodly dehonaire. 
In g«&til hertes i^ redy to repaire ! 5 
O verxay cause of hele and of gladnesse, 
Y-hezied he thy might and thy goodnesse ! 

2. In hevene and helle, in erthe and 

Is felt thy mightf if that I wel dosceme ; 
As man, hrid, hest, fish, herhe and grene 

tree 10 

Thee fele in tymes with vapour eteme. 
Gh>d lovethf and to love wol nought weme ; 
And in this world no lyves creature, 
With-outen love, is worth, or may endure. 

3. Te Joves first tothilke effectes glade, 15 
Thomgh which that thinges liven alio 

and he, 
Comeveden, and amorous fhim made 
On mortal thing, and as yow list, ay ye 
Yeve him in love ese or adversitee ; 
And in a thousand formes doun him sente 
For love in erthe, and whom yow liste, 

he hente. at 

A Ye fierse Mars apeysen of his ire, 
And, as yow list, ye maken hertes digne ; 
Algates, hem that yo wol sette arfyre. 
They dreden shamo, and vices they re- 

signe ; 35 

Ye do hemcorteys be, fresshe and benigne, 
And hye or lowe, after a wight entendeth ; 
The joyes that he hath, your might him 


5. Ye holdon regne and hous in unitee ; 
Ye soothfast cause of frendship been also ; 
Ye knows al thilke covered qualitee 31 
Of thinges which that folk on wondren so, 

Whan they can not oonstruehow it may jo, 
She loveth him, or why he loveth here ; 
As why this fish, and nought that, cometh 
to were. 35 

6. Ye folk a lawe han set in universe, 
And this knowe I by hem that loveres be, 
That who-so gtryyeih with yow hath the 

Now, lady bright, for thy benignltee, 
At reverence of hem that serven thee, 40 
Whos clerk I am, so techeth me devyse 
Som joye of that is felt in thy servyse. 

7. Ye in my naked herte sentement 
Inhelde, and do me shewe of thy swet- 

nesse. — 
Caliope, thy vois be now present, 45 

For now is nede ; sestow not my destresse. 
How I mot telle anon-right tho gladnesse 
Of Troilus, to Venus heryinge ? 
To which gladnes, who nede hath, god 

him bringe ! 

Explicit prohemlnm Tercii LibrL 

Incipit Liber Tercius. 

8. Lay al this mene whyle Troilus, 50 
Becordinge his lessoun in this manere, 

* Ma fey!' thought he, *thus wolo I seye 

and thus; 
Thus wole I ployne un-to my lady dere ; 
That word is good, and this shal be my 

This nil I not foryeten in no wyse.' 55 
Qod leve him werken as he gan devyse. 

9. And lord, so that his herto gan to 

Horinge hir come, and shorte for to 8>'ke ! 
And Pandarus, that ladde hir by the 

Com neer, and gan in at the curtin pyke, 
And seyde, * god do bote on alle syko ! 61 
See, who is here yow comen to vis^-te ; 
Lo, here is she that is s^nr deeth to wyto.* 

^roi^ dn( £vi9tgU. 

Who is b1 tbare ? I sea nonght trewely.' 
'Sifo.'qaod Crisoj-dB, 'it ia Pwidare and L' 
'Ye, iwote herter nlliui. I uuf nonght Tym 
To knale, Mid do yow honcrar in Mni 

II And drenede him upward, and ihs 
Ghti boths here liondog aotlo npon him 

IS. Aa<i stinte n wiiyl, and whui he 
might* ont-bringo, 99 

The aeit« woid wbi, ' god wot, for I luTe, 
Aj faTthfalty u t have had konnings, 
Ben yanrea, alao god my ■owle htb 1 
Asd ihol, til that I, iroflil wight, bo 

And thDQgb I dar ue can nn-^a jnw 

Y-wig, I loSra nonght the Use peyne. 115 

Ifl. TllH! 


ly ont-bringo, and iftlii»yciirdi«plMe. 
That ghal I urote upon myn owno lyf 
" ^ 'it Bone, 1 trowe. and doon ytmr h«rt« 

Fint, yow to thonko, ami of yonr lord- 

Continiumnoo I wolda jow Msoka,' 

12. Thia Troilus, that henle hil lady 

'fihii? him, wcT neither qolk ne 


^rotfti6 anb Ctin^jiU. 


And ihaime «gre«n thalL I maj ben he, 
VTith-oate brannche of vyae in any wyee, 
In troathe alwey to doon yow my aervyse 

20. As to my lady right and chief reaortf 
With al my wit and al my diligence, 155 
And I to han, right as yow list, comfort, 
Under yooryerde, egal to myn offence. 
As deeth, if that I breke your defence ; 
And that ye deigne me so mnohe honoore, 
Me to comaonden ought in any houre. 140 

21. And I to been your yerray hnmble 

Secret, and in my paynes pacient, 
And ever-mo desire freshly newe, 
To serren, and been fy-lyke 1^ diligent, 
And, with good herte, al holly yoxir 
talent 145 

Beoejrven wel, how sore that me smerte, 
Lo, this mene I, myn owene swete herte.* 

22. Qaod Pandaros, ^lo, here an hard 

And resonable, a lady for to weme ! 
Now, nece myn, by natal Joves fest, 150 
Were I a god, ye sholde sterve as yeme. 
That heren wel, this man wol no-thing 

But your honour, and seen him almost 

And been so looth to suffiren him yow 


23 With that sbo gan hir eyen on him 
caste 155 

Fill esily, and ful debonairly, 
Avjrslng hir, and Lyed not to faste 
With never a word, but seyde him softcly, 
* Hyn honour sauf, I wol wel trewely, 
And in swich forme as he can now 
devyse, 160 

Beceyven him folly to my aervyse, 

24. Biseching him, for goddes love, that 

Wolde, in honour of tronthe and gontil- 

As I wel mene, eek mene wel to me, 164 
And myn honour, with wit and besinessc, 
Aykepe; and il' I may don him gladnesse, 

From hennes-forth, y-wis, I nil not feyne : 
Now beeth al hool, no longer ye ne ple3me. 

25. But nathelees, this wame I yow,' 
quod she, 

* A kinges sons al-thongh 3^0 be, y-wis, 170 
Ye shul na*more have soverainetee 

Of me in love, than right in that cas is ; 
Ne I nil forbore, if that ye doon a-mis. 
To wrathen yow ; and whyl that ye me 

Cheiycen yow right after ye deserve. 175 

26. And shortly, der« herte and al my 

Beth glad, and draweth yow to lustinesse. 
And I shal trewely, with al my might, 
Yonr bittre tomen al in-to swetnesse ; 179 
If I be she that may yow do gladnesse. 
For every wo ye shal recovere a blisse ' ; 
And him in armes took, and gan him 

27 Fil Pandaros on knees, and up his 

To hevcne threw, and held his hondes 


* Immortal gotl !* quotl he, 'that mayst 

nought dyen, 1^5 

Cupide I meno, of this mayst glorifye ; 
And Venus, thou mnyst make melodye ; 
With-outen bond, me semeth that in 

For this merveyle, I here ech belle sowno. 

28. But ho ! no more as now of this 
matere, 190 

For- why this folk wol comen tip anoon. 
That ban the lottre rod : lo, I hem here. 
But I conjure thee, Criseyde, and oon, 
And two, thoo Troilos, whan thow mayst 

That at myn hoos ye been at my wam- 

inge, 195 

For I ful wel shal shape yoor cominge ; 

29. And eseth ther yoor hertes right 
y-noogh ; 

And lat see which of yow shal here tlie 

To gpeke of love a-right** ther- with he 


Z>!0i!u9 dnt Crioepte. 

™ yo a layaer for to telle.' 3 

Tliis thing ehol bo right as I yow i 

. ' Uyn slderlevast lord, (uid brothel' 
>d wool, and thoo, that it sat me lo 

And lord, bo tbiiit gun gnme Troiltu, 
ni9 brother and liis sustor for to blends. 
Qaod Fojidiinis, 'it tyme is that we 

That I, with al my migiit and al my lore, 
Hath ever eithen doon my bisinossa 
To brings tiiee to joye out of diatreue ; 

3S. And have it brought to iwioli plyt u 

BI. She took hir leva at hem fol thriftily. 
As she wel cytndo, and they hir levarenec 
Un-to the folle diden hnrdely. 
And spoken wonder wel, in bir absence, 
OF liir, in preyaing of hie excellence, 1 15 
Hir ^voniaaticc, hir nit ; uid hIr maji- 

Commandeden, it joyo was to hero, 

S'i. Now lat hie wende tm-to bir 01 

So that, thomsh me, thow stondeet cow 

To fare we!, I aeye it for no boat. 
And wostow why f for shame it is to seye, 
For thee havo I bigonne a gamen pleye 
Which that I never doon sbal eft for 

Al-though he were a thonsand fold my 



^roiftie Afib CxiHjIbt. 


Bat wo if me, that I, that oMue bX this, 
ICi^ thenken that ihe is mj nace dere, 
And I hir eon, and tnijtor eek y-fSBre I 

40. And were it wict that I, through myn 

Hadde in my neoe y-pnt thia fSuitaeye, 275 
To do thy Inat, and hoolly to be thyn, 
Why, al the world np-on it wolde crjre, 
And eeye, that I the worate trecherye 
Dide in this caa, that ever waa bigonne, 
And ihe for-loet, and thoa right nought 
y-wonne. aSo 

41. Wher-fbre, er I wol ferther goon a 

Tet eft I thee bleeohe and ftiUy lejre, 
That privetee go with na in this caa, 
That ia to eeye, that thoa xm never wreye; 
And be nought wrooth, thou^^ I thee 
olte preye 385 

To holden secree swich an heigh matere ; 
For ikilfVil is, thow wost wel, my preyere. 

42. And thenk what wo ther hath bitid 
er this, 

For makinge of avaontes, as men rede ; 
And what mischaunoe in this world yet 

ther is, 290 

Fro day to day. right for that wikked 

For which these wj^se clerkes that ben 

Han ever jret proverbed to us yonge, 
That " firste verta is to kepe tonge.** 

48. And, nere it that I wilne as now 
Vabregge 295 

Diffusioan of speche, I ooude almost 
A thousand oMe stories thee aleggo 
Of wommen lost, thomgh fals and foles 

Proverbes canst thy-self y-nowe, and woet, 
Ayeins that vyce, for to been a labbe, 300 
Al seyde men sooth as often as they gabbe. 

44. O tonge, alias ! so often here-bifom 
Hastow made many a lady bright <^ hewe 
Seyd, **welawey f thedaythatlwasbom !** 
And many a maydes sorwes for to newe ; 
And, for the more part, al is untrewe 306 

That men of yelpe, and it were brought 

to prove; 
Of kinde hon avauntour is to leve. 

45. Avauntonr and a lyere, al is on ; 309 
As thus : I pose, a womman graunte me 
Hir love, and seyth that other wol she non, 
And I am sworn to holden it secree, 
And after I go telle it two or three ; 
Y-wis, I am avauntour at the leste, 
And lyere, for I breke my biheste. 315 

46. Now loke thanne, if they be nought 
to blame, 

Swich maner folk; what shal I depe 

hem, what. 
That hem avaunte of wommen, and by 

That never yet bihighte hem this ne that, 
Ne knewe hem more than myn olde hat ? 
No wonder is, so god me sonde hole, 321 
Though wommen drede with us men to 


47. I sey not this for no mistrust of jrow, 
Ne for no wys man, but for foles nyce, 
And for the harm that in the world is 

now, 325 

As wel for foly ofbe as for malyce ; 
For wel wot I, in wyse folk, that vyce 
No womman drat, if she be wel avysed ; 
For wyse ben by foles harm chastysed. 

48. Butnowtopurpos; leve brother dere, 
Have al this thing that I have seyd in 

minde, 331 

And keep thee dos, and be now of good 

For at thy day thou shalt me trewe flnde. 
I shal thy procos sette in swich a kinde. 
And god to-fom, that it shall thee suflyse, 
For it shal been right as thou wolt de« 

"V'j'se. 336 

49. For wel I woot, thou menest wel, 
parde ; 

Therfore I dar this fVilly undertake. 
Thou wost eek what thy lady graunted 

And day is set, the chartres up to make. 
Have now good night, I may no Icngor 

wake; 34> 

'Zvoitat <mi Cnst^U. 

That god mo scndo deoth at sono lisBc' 

CO. Wlio miglite telta half IhB joye or festo 
Whioh tluit tlio *ow!o of Troiloa Cho (alus, 
Senage th'sSsct of FuidantB taihsBts ? 34^ 
Hie uldo wo, that made his herte iwdto, 
Gan thn for joye VBsten and to-malte, 
And nl tbe richeue of liia sykca mm 
At oneB flifdde, he felte of hem no more, 

Ell. Bat right so oa these hottea and them 
hnyea, 351 

That hnu in winter deito bceii and dreye, 
Revestea hom in (^ni!, wbiu that May is, 
UTian every lasly lylielh best to pleye: 
Kight in that »olvo wyse, Booth to seye, 3SS 
VVea iodpynliche hia herto ful of joye, 
ThatgUddorwRS thernavor roan in Troyo. 

i. That rather doyo 

Yolde, a 

1 de- 

As Uuuketh me, now slokkeil in presoim, 
In wreccheduMSe, in filtbe, and in ver- 
Diyne, jSi 

Coytif to cruel king AgamBnoim ; 
And this, in alle the temples of this 

Lon faa«t so mutho y-doo 

Lo more, bat that 
as thy sclave, 

rhider-Bo thoQ 
I. And gun Lis look ou Pwidaras op For ever-more, an-to my lyves ends ! 

^:. But here, with ol toyn borts, I Mux 

That never in me tbon deme swicb (blje 
As I shal seyn ; mo thoughto, by thy 


^vetftis dnb ttimjiU. 


VK Bat tin that them hast don me this 
snrvyM, 414 

Mj lyf to MtTe, and for noon hope of mede, 
80, for the love of god, this grete empryse 
Fulbnne it oat ; for now is moste nede. 
For hi^ and low, with-oaten any drede, 
I wol alwey thyne hestes alle kepe ; 
Have now good night, and lat ns bothe 
slepe.' 420 

61. Thus held him ebh with other wel 

That al the world ne mighte it bet 

And, on the morwe, whan they were 

Ech to his owene nodes gan entende. 
Bat Troihis, thongh as the f^r he brende 
For sharp desyr of hope and of plesaonoe. 
He not for-gat his gode goyemaonoe. 427 

02. Bat in him-self with manhod gan 

Ech rakel dede and eoh nnbxydled chere, 
That alle tho that liven, sooth to seyne, 
Ne sholde ban wist, by word or by manere, 
What that he mente, as toaohing this 

matere. 43> 

From every wight as fer as is the oloade 
He was, so wel dissimnlen he conde. 

68. And al the whyl which that I yow 
devyie, 435 

This was his lyf; with al his ftUle might, 
By day he wes in Martes high servyse, 
This is to seyn, in armes as a knight ; 
And for the more part, the longe night 
He lay, and thoaghto how that he mighte 
serve 440 

His lady best, hir thank for to deserve. 

64. VH I nought swer0, al-thongh he lay 

niat in his thought he nas somwhat 

Ke that he tomede on his pOwes ofte, 
And wolde of that him missed ban ben 

sesed; 445 

But in swich cas man is noaght alwey 

For onght I wot, no more than was he ; 
That can T deme of poesibilitee. 

66. Bat eerteyn is, to porpos for to go. 
That in this whyle, as writen is in 

g««te, 450 

He Si^ his lady som-tyme ; and also 
She with him spak, whan that she dorste 

or leste, 
And by hir bothe avys, as was the beste, 
Apoynteden ftil warly in this nede. 
So as they dorste, how they wolde pro- 

cede. 455 

66. Bat it was spoken in so short a W3rse, 
In swich awayt alwey, and in swich fere. 
Lest any wyght divynon or devyse 
Wolde of hem two, or to it leye an ere. 
That al this world so leef to hem ne 

were 460 

As that Capido wdde hem grace sende 
To maken of hir speche aright an ende. 

67. Bat thilke litel that they speke or 

His wyse goost took ay of al swich hede. 
It semed hir, he wiste that she thooghte 
With-oaten word, so that it was no nede 
To bidde him oaght to done, or onght 

forbede ; 4^7 

For which she thooghte that love, al 

oome it late, 
Of alle jojre hadde opned hir the yate. 

68. And shortly of this prooes for to 
pace, 47" 

80 wel his werk and wordes he bisette, 
That he so ftd stood in his lady grace, 
That twenty thousand tymes, or she lette. 
She thonked god she ever with him 

So coude he him goveme in swich ser- 
vyse, 475 
That al the world ne mighte it bet 

60. For-whyshe fond him so discreet in al. 
So secret, and of swich obeisaunce. 
That wel she felte he was to hir a wal 
Of steel, and sheld Arom every disple- 
saunoe ; 480 

That, to ben in his gode govemaunoe. 
So wys he was, she was no more afered, 
I mene, as fer as ooghte ben requered. 


Zvoitae arib Sxiu^lt. 

70. And PnndorQSiluquikoalwBy thofyr, 
Was ever yJ^ke preat and dilignnt ; 485 
To eae bU iiead was sot ol hia iIsitt. 
Ho shoof ay on, ho to an J fro wiutmil 
Hb iBttrsB bur whan Troilna waa ab«Br 
Tliat ne^'or man, as in hia freondei no 
Ho bac bim bet than ho, with-oul 



r, parannMr, Bom man waften 

Of Troilng tbat I rehorBen aholdo, 
In al this whylo, an-to his lady dere ; 

Orafwbat vight tt 

Maot In swicb dis- 
iry look, lo poynto. 
lot honl it doon or 

15. For he with ^raet dalibaisoiann 
Bndde eveTy Ibiug that her-to miKhle 

Fom-cait, and pat In eiecuoiooD, 

And DoiUier laft foi coat no (01 tnvayle; 

CoDio if hem leit, b«m aboldo iio-thin( 

fayla ; 
And for to been in ought eapjed then. 
That, wixte he vel, on ioposaiblo were. 

IS. Dredeleea, it olaer ■waa in the viad 

■e and evor; letts-guno ; 51; 
'd, for al'the world is blind 

In thia matere, botbe fromod and tame. 

Thia timber ia al red? up to rramaj 530 

Da lakketh nonght hot that we witen 

L certain hoore, in whiohe ahe somen 

72. For Botho, i 

And though I wolde I rondo not, y-vri« ; 
For thor waa soro epistel hEtn bitwene, 50 
Yolda, BB aeyth mj-n 

7J. And TroiluB, that al this pnjTeyaunca 
Knew at the fulls, and waytede on it ay, 
Haddu here-np-on eek made gret orde- 
nftunoe, sis 

And founde bis caoae, and tbor-to his 

If that ha wan miased, nigbt or day, 
~ 'bylo ho wae aboute thig sc 


^rotftt0 anb ttiuj^ 


801 Whan he wm comA, h» gan anoon to 

Am he mm woni, and of him-ielf to jape ; 
And lynaUy^ha swor and gan hir leye, 556 
By thia and that, iha aholde him not 

Ne lengar doon him after hir to gape ; 
Bat eertctynly ihe moste, by hir leve, 
Come wmpen in hia hona with him at 
•▼•^ 560 

81. At whiohe ihe lough, and gan hir 

And seyde, * it rayneth ; lo, how iholde 

* Lat be,' qnod he, * ne itond not thna to 

TUa moot be doon, ye ahal be ther anoon.' 
Soatthelaiteher-ofth^yfelleatoon, 565 
Or ellea, softe he swor hir in hir ere, 
He nolde never oome ther ihe were. 

89l Sone after this, to him she gan to 

And asked him if Troilns were there f 
He swor hir, 'nay, for he was out of 

towns,* 570 

And sejrde, * neoe, I pose that he were. 
Tow fthnrfte never have the more fere. 
For rather than men mighte him ther 

Me were lever a thousand-fold to dye,* 

88 Kon^t list myn anotor ftdly to 

declare 575 

What that she thonghte whan he ssyde 

That TroUns was oat of town y-fiure, 
As if he seyde ther-of sooth or no ; 
Bat that, with-oate awayt, with him to go, 
She graanted him, sith he hir that bi- 
sooghte, 580 

And, as his neoe, obeyed as hir on^te 

84. Bat n a t he l ees, yet gan she him bi- 

Al-thongh with liim to goon it was no fere. 
For to be war of goosish peples speche. 
That dremen thinges whiche that never 

wore, 585 

And wel avyse liim whom he broaghte 


And seyde him, *eem, sin I mot on yow 

Loke al be wel, and do now aa yow lists.' 

86. He swor hir, * yis, by stokkes and by 

And by the goddes that in hevene dwelle, 
Or elles were him lever, soole and bones, 
With Plato king as depe been in helle 599 
AsTantalos!' What sholde I more telle? 
Whan al was wel, he roos and took hia 

And she to soaper 00m, whan it was eve, 

sa. Withacertaynofhirowenemen, $9^ 
And with hir &ire neoe Antigone, 
And others of hir wommen nyne or ten ; 
Bat who was glad now, who, as trows ye, 
Bat Troilos, that stood and mighte it 

see 600 

Thnxgh-out a litel windows in a stewe, 
Ther he bishet, sin midnight, was in 


87. Unwistofeverywig^tbatofBsndare? 
Bat to the poynt; now whan she was 

With alio joye, and alle frendes fare, 605 
Hir eem anoon in armes hath hir noma. 
And after to the soaper, alle and some. 
Whan tyme was, ftil softe they hem sette ; 
Gk>d wot, thor was no deyntee for to fette. 

88. And after soaper gonnen they to 
lyse, 610 

At ese wel, with hertes Aresshe and glade, 
And wel was him that coade best devyse 
To lyken hir, or that hir laaghen made. 
He song ; she pleyde ; he tolde tale of 

Bat at the lasts, as every thing hath 

ende, 615 

She took hir leve, and nedes wolde wende. 

88i Bat O, Fortane,ezeoatrioeofwierdes, 

O inflaenoes of thise hevenes hye ! 

Soth is, that, imder god, ye ben oar 

Thoo^ to OS bestes been the oaases 

wrye. 6x> 

This mene I now, for she gan hoomward 


^rotfiis on) Ctiei^it. 

; for whirb 9be n 

Tlint »with n TSyn from hovono g«n nvnlo, 
That every mBnerwommiLntlint wm tharo of thftt «moky reyn a vanny foro ; 
At which Pandare tbo longh, and seyrto 

' Sow ware it tymfi a lady to po henna ! fijQ 

Yiiw tiny-iiiioK, than prey I yow,'qnod he, 
'Til 'liH>n myn harta lu now so groat hd 

As fnrtodwelle here al Ihli niglit with mo. 
K<<r-why tliia in yoar owenn hooa, pardo«. 
Foe, by my troatho, I Boy it nought «- 

that wa ahol not liggen far asomlar, 
And for ye noithar ahnlioii, dar 1 soye. 
Heren ooiia of reynas cor ol thonder? 
By god, right in my Iyl« clogot yonder. 
And I wol in that oulnr boas allono 
Bo wardoyn of your wonunoa BVoriohona, 

CO. And in thia middel ahanmbre thai ye 

Sbnl yonre wotnmon sle^wn wotuiUaoft«; 
And tbar 1 soyda abol yonr-Belyo bo ; 
And if ye ligROn wol to-night, mm ofto, 
And oaretfa nut what vedot is on-lofte. 6yo 
Tho wyn anon, and whan so that yow 

So go wa depe, I trowo it bo tha belle." 

i. Criaoydii, whiohetbntooudaastonolio 

Gan every wight, Ibat hodde nought to 
Moro in that place, ont of the ehaomber 


^voiftta an) Ctiuj^t. 


wtm no more to ddppen nor to 
tnimoo, ^ 

BbI boden go to boddo, wHb nii0oba.nnoe, 
If any wlf^t mm ttoringo any-wliere, 
And late hem dope that »-beddo wean, 

lOOl Bat FUldAnui, that trel ooade sohe 

Tho dide dannot, and evaiy poynt ther^ 

inno, 695 

Whan tliat ha My that alio thing was wel, 
Ha thonglita ha irolda n|Mm hla werk 

And gan tha itawa-dora al iQAa nn-pinne, 
And stiUa aa akoon, witb-oaten longer 

9y TroUna a^lonn rifl^t he him lette. 

lOL And, ihivlly to tha poynt right for 

Of al thia wark he tolde him word and 

anda, >- 

And aeyda, 'make thee redy right anon, 
For thon ihalt in-to hevene bliBSe wende.' 
*Kow bUfftd Yenni, thon me grace 

•ande,' #'^ 

Qood l^railiia, * for never yet no neoe 
Hadda I ar now, ne halvendel the drede.* 

105. Qood Fandama, 'ne drede thee never 
a del, 

For it ihal been right af thon wilt deeyre ; 
So thzyra I, thia night shal I make it 

wel, 7^ 

Or caatan al tha gnwel in the tyn,* 
* Tit bliaftxl Venni, thia night thou me 

Qood Troilna, 'aa wia aa I thee aerva. 
And aver bet and bet ahal, til I aterve. 

106. And if I hadde, O Tenna ftd of 
mirthe, 715 

Aapeotea badde of Mara or of Satnme, 
Or thon combnat or let were in my birthe. 
Thy iSftder pray al thilke harm diatorne 
Of grace, and that I glad ayein may 

For lova of him thoa loyedeat in the 

ahawe, 7J0 

I mena Adoon, that witii the boor waa 


104. O Jove eek, for the love of fidre 

The whiche in forme of bole away thon 

Now help, O Mara, thon with thy Uody 

For love of Cipria, thon me nought ne 

lette ; 7^5 

O Phebna, thenk whan Dane hir-aelven 

Under the bark, and lanrer wex for drede, 
Tet for hir love, O help now at thia nede ! 

106. Mercnrie, for the love of Hierai ekor 
For which Pallaa waa with Aglanroa 
wrooth, 730 

fow help, and eek Diane, I thee biaeke. 
That thia viage be not to thee looth. 
O fatal anatren, which, er any dooth 
Me ahapen waa, my deatenft me aponna, 
So hdpeth to thia werk that ia bi-gonne !' 

106. Qnod Fandama, *thou wreoohed 
mouaea herte, 736 

Art thon agaat ao that ahe wol thee byte ? 
"Why, don thia Airred oloke np-on thy 

And folowe me, for I wol ban the wyte ; 
Bat byd, and lat me go bifore a lyte.' 740 
And with that word he gan nn-do a 

And Troilna he bronghte in by the lappe. 

107. The ateme wind ao loade gan to 

That no wight other noyae mighte here ; 
And they that layen at the dore with- 
oate, 745 

Fol aikerly they alepten aUe y-fere ; 
And Pandaroa, with a ftil aobre ohere, 
Goth to the dore anon with-oaten lette, 
Ther-aa they laye, and aoftely it ahette. 

108. And aa he com ayeinward prively, 
Hia nece awook, and aaked 'who goth 

there f * 751 

' My dere neoe,' qnod he, ' it am I ; 
Ke wondreth not, ne have of it no fere ; ' 
And ner he com, and aeyde hir in hir ere, 
* Ko word, for love of god I yow biaeche ; 
Lat no wight ryae and haren of cor 

apeohe.' 756 

t^reifUff <m& Cdee|be. 

109. ' Wliat 1 which woy be yo oomen, 

Qaod the, ' and how thus nnwist of hsm 

^ Jlera lit Lbifl HcroeLrappe-fiorfl,' f^nodhfl. 
Qaod tJio Criaoydo, 'Lit mo Bom wigit 
cullti^* 760 

' Gy 1 god farliBdo that it Blioldn fallo,' 
Qaod Pimdaraa, 'that yo swioh foly 

110. It is noneht good a aleping hound to 

Nb yovo a wight a oanaa to devyna ; jfij 
Your wotnmun ak-pen alls, I onder-tako, 
So that, for hem, tha boas men migbto 


.n til tl 

my tale al brought 
Unniat, right aa I com, bo wot t wecde. 
111. Now neoe myn, ys shnl wel nndar- 

111. And heia come in awich peyce And 

That, hot he be al Mly wood hy thi*. 
Hb Bodeynly mot fulls in-tfl wo-luesw, 
Bnt-if god helps ; and cooBo nhy thia ia, 
Hs Boyth him told ia, of a frecnd of his, 
How that ys aholde lore oou that hatt* 

Horajite, jgj 

For sorwa of whioli thii night Khali bean 

lis. CiiaeTde, which Oiat al thia mndai 

Oan Bodeynly aboDte hir horte oolde, 800 
And with a, lyk ahe •orwfnll; anawerda, 
' AlUa t I wende, who-n tolea t«lde, 
Hy deia herta wolde me not holds 
8a lightly tala ! alias ! Douoeytea wronge, 
WhM harm they doon, fcx now live I to 

lonBBl 805 

Allaa 1 what wiUed apirlt tolde him 

Mow oertoa, earn, to-morwe. and I : 


^toifttd am) ttUitf^i, 


U0, Kowif hewooithAft jojeistranai. 

Afl €fv«r7 joye of irorldly thing mot flee, 
Than every tyme he that hath in me- 

Tlia drede of losing maketh him that he 
Hay in no parflt Belinesee be. 831 

And if to lose hia joye he set a msrte, 
Than semeth it that joye is worth Ail 


19Q. Whecfbre I wol defl^ne in this 

Thai trswely, fbt ought I can espye, 835 
Thar is no Terray wele in this world here. 
But O, thon wikked serpent Jalouye, 
Thoa misbeleTed and envions folye, 
Why hastfOw Troilns me mad nntriste, 
Thai never yel agilte him, that I wiste? ' 

121. Qaod Fandams, 'thns fallen is this 
cas.' 841 

' Why, nnole myn,' qnod she, * who tolde 

Why doth my dere herte thos, alias f 

* Te wooi,ye neoe myn,' qnodhe, * what is ; 
I hope al shal be wel that is amis. 845 
Emr ye may qnenche al this, if that yow 

And doth right so, for I holde it the 

122. * So shal I do to-morwe, y-wis,' qnod 

*And god to-fom, so that it shal suffywe,* 

* To-morwe ? alias, that were a fajrr,* qnod 

he, 850 

'Kay, nay, it may not stonden in this 

For, neoe myn, thns wiyten olerkes wyse. 
That peril is with dreoohing in y-drawe ; 
Ni^, swich abodes been nought worth an 

128. Kece, al thing hath tyme, I dar 
avowe ; 855 

Vor whan a chanmber a-iyr is, or anhalle, 
Wel more nede is, it sodeynly resoowe 
Than to dispute, and axe amonges alle 
How is this candel in the straw y-falle ? 
A! henedUdUl for al among that fare 860 
Tho harm is doon, and £ue-wol feldefare ! 

124. And, neoe myn, ne take it not »- 

If that ye sai£re him al night in this wo, 
Gk>d help me so, ye hadde him never leef. 
That dar I seyn, now there is but we 
two; 8^ 

Bat wel I woot, that ye wol not do so ; 
Te been to vrys to do so gret folye. 
To patte his lyf al night in jnpartye.' 

125. ' Hadde I him never leef? By god, 
I wene 

Te hadde never thing so leef,* qnod she. 
* Kow l^ my thrift,' qnod he, * that shal 
be sene ; 871 

For, sin ye make this ensample of me, 
If I al night wolde him in sorwe see 
For al the tresonr in the toon of Troye, 
I bidde god, I never mote have joye t 875 

126. Kow loke thanne, if ye, that been 
his love, 

Shnl patte al night his lyf in japartye 
For thing of noaght ! Kow, by that god 

Koaght only this delay comth of folye, 
Bat of malyce, if that I shal noaght lye. 
What, platly, and ye sof&e him in dis- 

tresse, 881 

Te neither boontee doon ne gentilesse ! ' 

127. Qaod tho Criseyde, *wole ye doon 
o thing, 

And ye therwith shal stinte al hisdisese ; 
Have here, and bereth him this blewe 

ring, 885 

For ther is no-thing mlghte him bettre 

Save I my-self, ne more his herte apese ; 
And sey my dere herte, that his sorwe 
Is oanseles, that shal be seen to-morwo.* 

12a * A ring f ' qnod he, *ye, hasel-wodes 

shaken ! 890 

Te, neoe myn, that ring moste han a stoon 
That mlghte dede men alyve maken ; 
And swioh a ring, trowe I that ye have 

Discrecioan ont of yoor heed is goon ; 
That fole I now,' qnod he, * and that is 

ronthe ; 895 

O tyme y-lost, wel maystow cnrscn 

sloathe ! 

K 3 

^votAis tatt Ctittinit. 

12D. Wot ;s not weltbHt noble nndbeig^ 

No nrwuth cot, no Btiototh e«k for Ijt^t 
But if & fool vere in s jalons rtfo, 

Bat this thing itont &1 In ADather kinds. 

130. Thia Is so gptitil and so tendre of 

Tliat wiUx liis deeth ho wol his sonres 

nTuke : 90S 

For tnuleth wol, bow soro that him 

Ho wol to yow no jslooso wordes apeke. 
And for-thy, nece,er that hiihertA brake, 
So apek Tour-Htlf to him of thii nutters ; 
For with o WDtd ye may hia faerte iters. 

1.11, Nijw havo I told what peril ho is 

Aii.1 his ooming onwist ia f aveiy wight ; 

IBi. Quod Pandutu, > ya, neoe, hhA yi 
DolcanoD called i 

It aemeth hard, for wrecches wol not iure 
For Terray aloathe or othore wilfbl 

tecohea ; g^ 

This soyd by hem that be not waitb two 

But yo ben vrys, and that wo ban cm 

Nis neltberhard, na skflftal to wiUiatonda.- 

186. 'Thanns, oem,' ijnod sho, 'doth hep- 
Bat ar bo coma I wil np flnt aryte ; ^n 
Ajid, for the loTe of god, ain al my triit 
Is on yow two, and ye ben botho wy». 
So winhetb now in » diaoraet a wyse, 
Tliat I hoQonr may have, and he ples- 


136. 'That U «el soyd,' qnod be, 'my 
neco dare, ^0 

Thor good thrift on that wyse genlil 


TtoitiM dflb tmtj^ 


And with that ward he for a qninhen 

And Mifda, * knaleth now, whyl that y^w 

iMte, 9^ 

Thar god your hertes faringe sone at 

180. Can I not i^yn, for she bad him not 

If sorwo it pntte ont of hir remembraunoei 
Or alles if she tohe it in the wjrse 
Ofda4Meo, ai fbrhisobservannce; 970 
Bat wel finde I she dide him this 

That the him Uste, al-thongh she ^yked 

And bad him sitte a-donnwith-onten more. 

140. Qaod Pandams, 'now wol ye wel 

Kow doth him sitte, gode neoe dere, 975 
Upon your beddos syde al there with- 

That aeh of yow the bet may other here.* 
And with that word he drow him to the 

And took a light, and fond his conten- 

As for to loke ni>-on an old romaonoe. 980 

141. Crisejrde, that was Troilos lady right. 
And deer stood on » ground of sikemesse, 
Al thonghte she, hir servannt and hir 

Ne sholde of right non ontrouthe in hir 

gwse, 984 

Tet nath^ees, considered his distresse. 
And that lore is in cause of swich folye, 
Thns to him spak she of his jeloosye : 

142L * Lo, herte myn, as wolde the excel- 

Of love, asreins the which that no man 

Ke oughte eek goodly maken resistence ; 

And eek bycanse I felte wel and say 991 

Your grete tronthe, and servyse every day ; 

And that yaar herte al myn was, sooth to 

This droof me for to rewe up-on yoor 

148. And your goodnesse have I fonnde 

alweyylt, 995 

Of whiche, my dere herte and al my 

I thonke it yow, as fer as I have wit, 
Al can I nonght as mnohe as it were right ; 
And I, emforth my oonninge and my 

Have and ay shal, how sore that me 

smerte, 1000 

Ben to yow trewe and hool, with al myn 

herte ; 

144. And dredelees, that shal be founde 

at prove. — 
Bnt, herte myn, what al this is to seyne 
Shal wel be told, so that ye noght yow 

Though I to yow right on yonr-self com- 

pleyne. 1005 

For ther-with mene I fynally the peyne, 
That halt your herte and myn in hevi- 

Folly to sleen, and every wrong redresse. 

146. My goods, myn, not I for-why ne 

That Jalonsye, alias ! that wikked wivere, 
Thns canselees is cropen in-to yow ; 101 1 
The harm of which I wolde fayn delivere ! 
Alias ! that he, al hool, or of him slivere, 
Shold have his refHit in so digne a place, 
Ther Jove him sone ont of your herte 

arace ! 1015 

146. Bnt O, thon Jove, O anotor of natnre, 
Is this an honour to thy deitee. 

That folk nngiltif soffren here injure. 
And who that giltif is, al quit goth he ? 
O were it letol for to pleyne on thee, loao 
That undeserved suffrest jalousye. 
And that I wolde up-on thee pleyne and 
crye I 

147. Eek al my wo is this, that folk now 

To sejm right thus, "ye, Jalousye is 
Love ! " 1024 

And wolde a bussh^ venim al ezcusen. 
For that o groyn of love is on it shove ! 
But that wot heighe god that sit above. 

^voifue anb triet^U. 

Is oxcnsable moro than lom, f-wis. lOji 
Aa whoQ caase is, and som swich fuitaef o 
Witli piot«« so wel repressed is, 
That it onnotlie liooth or soytb unia, 
But goodly lirinkotb op ol hia disttesse ; 
Anil that. c^poBo I, for tlio g^ntileesO' 1036 

it tiionghte him no Btrokei of a yerda 

loro or seen CriaerdB hts lady wapa ; 
wel ha falta nboata hia herte orepe^ 
BTery tear which that CriBeyda a- 

I W0I not collo it but illusionn. 

Of iiftliundannoo of love and bisy onro, 

That douth yojjr hertc tbis difleae endnr^ 

t he cam therS, 

And si that labour he hath dw 
He vends it lost, ho thonehte 1 

' Psndams,' thoughts he, ' j 

he gan the tjTno 
that he was bom ; 

>. Of which I a 

', bat n 

Bat, for my devoir and yoor hert«s reat«, 
Whor-BO row lirt, by ordal or by 00th, 
Ey Bort, or in what wyBe sn yow leete. 
For love of god, lat prove it for tho beatol 
je giltif, do me deyo, 1049 

165. And therwithftl he bang » 

AndGl on knees, and sarwFdlly he ngbto; 

What migbto he Myn ? he felte be nas 

bnt deed, 1081 

ith was she that shnlde bii so 


^voiftid mA ttiift^t. 


IB6. And SQjde, ' n«M, but ye helpe xu 
BOW, 1100 

Anas, yomr owne Troilus is lorn t' 

* Y-iHi^ 10 wolde I, and I wisie bow, 
FbI Hignti,' q[aod she ; ^ aUaa ! that I was 


* Te, naoe, irol ye pollan oat the thorn 
Tliaiftlkath in his herie?' qnodPandaro; 
'8^ «*al f^ryeTe," and itint ia al this 

fiure!* 1106 

160. *Ya, that to me,' qaod aha, ^taX 

Than al the good the Bonne aboate gooth ' ; 
And tharwith-al she swoor him in his ere, 
'Y-wis, my dare herte, I am nought 

WTOoih, mo 

Hare here my tronthe and many another 

Kow speek to me, for it am I, Grisej^e !' 
But al for nought ; yet mighte he not 


100. Therwith his poos and powmes of 

his hondes 
They gan to £rote, and wete his temples 

tweyne, 11 15 

And, to deliveren him from bittre bondes, 
She ofte him kiste ; and, shortly for to 

Him to revoken she dide al hir peyne. 
And at the laste, he gan his breeth to 

And of his swongh sane after that adawe, 

161. And gan bet minde and reson to him 
take, 1 121 

But wonder sore he was abayst, y-wis. 
And with a Ryk, whan he gan bet a-wake, 
He eeyde, * O mercy, god, what thing is 

' Why do ye with yonr-selven thns amis ? ' 
Quod tho Criseyde, 'is this a mannes 

game? 1126 

What, Troilus! wol ye do thns, for 


162. And therwith*al hir arm over him 
she leyde, 

And al foiyaf, and ofte tyme him keste. 
He thonked hir, and to hir spak, and 
seyde 1150 

As fll to pnxpos fbr his herte reste. 

And she to that answerde him as hir 

And with hir goodly wordes him disporte 
She gan, and ofte his sorwes to oomforto. 

168. Qaod Fandams, *for onght I can 
espyen, 1135 

This li^t nor I ne serven here of nought ; 

Light is not good for ^yke folkes yen. 

But for the loTe of god, sin ye be brought 

In thns good plyt, lat now non hevy 

Ben hanginge in the heortes of yow 
tweye:' 1140 

And bar the oandel to the chimeneye. 

164. Sone after this, thongb it no node 

Whan she swich othes as hir list deryse 
Hadde of him take, hir thonghte tho no 

Ne cause eek non, to bidde him thennea 

lyse. 1145 

Tet lease thing than othes may so^se 
In many a oas ; for every wight, I gesse, 
That loveth wel meneth bat gentilesse. 

166. Bnt in effect she wolde wito anoon 
Of what man, and eek where, and also 
why 1150 

He jelons was, sin ther was cause noon ; 
And eek the signe, that he took it by, 
She bad him that to telle hir bisUy, 
Or elleSf certeyn, she bar him on honde, 
That this was doon of malis, hir to fondo. 

166. With-onten more, shortly for to 
sesnoie, 1156 

He moste obeye nn-to his lady heste ; 
And for the lasM harm, he moste feyne. 
He seyde hir, whan she was at swiche 

She mighte on him ban loked at the 

leste; 1160 

Not I not what, al dere y-nongh a risshe, 
As he that nedes moste a oanse fisshe. 

167. And she answerde, * swete, al were 
it so, 

What harm was that, sin I non yvel 

^roihia tnii Cristate. 

Fnr, by that god thnt boughte ua botha 



188, Tho Troilui gon BorwfnUy t» »yko, 
Lest silo "be ^vrooLh, bim tbooghtQ hifl 
hortfl doyde ; 1171 

And Boyde, ' allaa ! npon my gorwo» »yka 
Have morpy, swot« harte myn, Crisayds ! 
And if tbat, in tho wordefl that 1 veydOi 
1)0 any wrong, I wol no more troepsco ; 
Do wUnt yow list, I am ol in yoor gnu:e.' 

160. Ajid ihe onswDrdc, 'of gUt misari- 

cordo ! 
Thflt is to Beyn, that I foiyeve al this ; 
And i:var'morfl on this night yow reoorddf 
And both vol wnr ya do no more amis.'i 180 
' Suf, dpro herta myn,' ((qoiI Lb, ' y-wig." 
'And now,' qtiod bLo, ^thut 1 have do 

ormes gmn hit 

ITS. This Troilos 

And «eydB, ' O iwote, u ever mote 
Now l>e ye canght, now is tber 

tweyno ; 
Now yoldoth yow, for other boot i 
To that Cmcyda answerde thus ai 
' No badde I or now, my awet 

Ben }-oldo. y-wls, I were now not \ 

nt. ! sooth !i wyd, that heled for to bo 

A» of n fovre or othero greet lykneaso, 
Men motto driake,M men ma]' iiltoniw, 
Fol hittre driak ; and for to han |^ad- 


^oiftie ant ttiujiU. 


177. And M the newe Aba^nhed nig^tin- 

dsfc slintetli fini whan she faighmeth 

Whan that she hiveth any herde tale, 123$ 
Or in the heegea any wi^t steringe, 
And aifter aiker dooth hir Toys ont-xinge; 
Bight so Giissyde, whan hir drede stente, 

17a And rii^t aa he thut seeth his deeth 

y-shapen, 1240 

And deye mooi, in ought that he may 

And aodeynly zesooos doth him. e8oai>en, 
And firam his deeth is brought in siker- 

For al this worid, in swioh present glad- 
nease 1244 

Waa Trolfaia, and hath his lady swete ; 
With wosse hap god lat ns nsTeor mete I 

179. Hir armes imalei hir strejrghte bak 

Hir sydes longe, fleshly, smothe, and 

He gan to stroke, and good thrift bod ful 

Hir snowish throte, hir brestes ronnde and 

lyte; 1350 

Thns in this he^ene he gan him to delyte, 
And ther-with-al a thousand tyme hir 

That, what to done, for joye mmethe he 


180. Than seyde he thns, *0, Love, O, 

Thy moder eek, Citherea the swete, 1255 
After thy-self next heried be she, 
Venns mene I, the wel-willy planete ; 
And next that, ImenSuB, I thee grete ; 
For nevnr man was to yow goddes holdo 
As I, which ye iian brought £ro cares 
colde. ia6o 

181. Benigne Love, thou holy bond of 

Who-so wol grace, and list thee nought 

Ix>, his desjnr wol flee with-onten winges. 

For, noldestow of bonntee hem soconren 
That serven best and most alwey labonren, 
Yet were al lost, that dar I wel seyn, 
certes, xa66 

But-if thy grace passed oar desertes. 

18SL And for thou me, that ooode leest 

Of hem that ncmibred been nn-to thy 

Hast holpen, ther I lykly was to stervo, 
And me bistowed in so heygh aplaoe 1271 
That thilke boondes may no blisse pace, 
I can no more, but lande and reverenoe 
Be to thy bonnte and thyn exoellenoe I' 

188. And therwith-al Criseyde anoon he 
kiste, 1^75 

Of which, oerteyn, she felte no disese. 

And thus aeyde he, *now wolde god I 

Myn herie swete, how I yow mighte plese I 

What man,' qnod he, * was ever thns at ese 

As I, on whiche the faireste and the 
beste 1280 

That ever I say, deyneth hir herie reete. 

184L. Here may men seen that mercy 

passeth right ; 
The experience of that is felt in me, 
That am unworthy to so swete a wight 
But herte myn, of your benignitee, 1285 
So thenketh, though that I unworthy bo, 
Tet mot I node amenden in som wjrse. 
Bight thonrgh the vertu of your heyghe 


186. And for the love of god, my lady 

Sin god hath wrought me for I shal s^ow 

serve, 1290 

As thus I mene, that ye wol bo my store. 
To do me live, if that yow liste, or sterve, 
So techeth me how that I may deserve 
Your thank, so that I, thurgh myn 

ignoraunce, 1294 

No do no-thing that yow be displesaunce. 

188. For certes, firesshe wommanliche wjrf, 
This dar I seye, that trouthe and dili- 
That shal ye finden in me al my lyf, 



^toifus arA Cme^te. 

No I wol not, cort*yii, broken your 

And if 1 do, prsMCt or in abionM, 
For lovfl of ^od, Iftt hIm m 
If th&b it lyka on-to your 

1S7. ' T-vic,' qnod ibe, ' myn owns hertei 

ICy gnnnd of ete, uid sJ xaya horta dere. 


Dat lats ns f&Ua svej- fro this mBters ; 
For it mffTHth, this that aoyd ia here. 
And at o word, with-onton repentannce, 
Wel-oome, my knight, my peea, my 

1S3. OF htr delyt, or joyM ooc the iMte 
Were impowible to my wit to aeyo; tjii 
Bntjoffgeth, yslhat han ben at the feate 
Offwich (iliuiiicsse, if that liem liitepleye ! 
I can no raera, bnt thni thiaeilke tweye 
That night, be-twixen dreed and likor- 

Ftlten in lovo the groto voHJiinofltfc, 
l«i. O Misful night, of L. 


Of my langiLga, and that I yow In-woha ; 
Bnt now to }iarpoa of my ntbec ipaaha. 
lea. ThlM ilke two, that ben In WmM 

So lootb to hem a-ioDder goon It vers, 
That eeh f^om other wande been Unft, 
Or ellafl, Id, this wax hir m«te fore, i)4i 
That al this thing bnt nyce dremee were ; 
For which fta ofto ooh of hem seyde. ' O 

Clippa ich yow thns, or ellea T it mete ? ' 

ISS. And, lord ! lo he gun goodly on hir 

ton, inf 

That never bis look at hleynte trom hit 

And serde, ' dsre herte, nuiy it be 
That it be sooth, that ye ben in tiiii 

' Ye, herte myn, god thank 1 of hisgimeel* 
Qnod tho Criwyde, and therwith-al faim 

Thftt nbtre his spirit XTU, for jopa ha nifta, 

» fnl ofte hir eyen two 
nnd seyde, ' O eytn dare, 
vpre 3-0 that wroaghto me Bwioh w 


Zt^ihm Mib triB^t. 


191. hated I tronvieye, aooveitom, a wreoohe, 
ThaA Mamtth lovs and holt of it deip jt, 
TbAt, of tho p«Bf that ha oan mokie and 
iMcofao, 1375 

Was cTcr yet y-yeye him iwioh ddyt, 
AMiBm loT«, in 00 poynt, in fom plyt? 
Kaj, dontelaw, for also god me save, 
80 paifit joye may no nigaid haTo I 

196ii TiMy wol iey 'yia,' bat lord! ao 
that th«y lye, 1580 

l%o Uigr wreeehea, Ihlof woanddxede! 

They oallen love a woodneaae or folye, 

Bat it ahal falle hem as I ahal yow rede ; 

Tk&y ahid fargo the whyte and eke the 

And lire in iro, ther god jreve hem mia- 
iJiairaoa, 1585 

And ereiy knrer in hia trouthe avaiinoe ! 

190. Aa wolde god, tho wreoohea, that 

Oeivya e of lore, hadde erea al-ao longe 
Aa hadde ICyda, taX of ooveityae ; 
And ther-to dxonken hadde aa hoot and 

atoronge 1390 

Aa Graasoa dide for hia aAetia wronge, 
To techen hem that they ben in the vyoe, 
And lorerea nought, al-Uioogh they holde 


800. Thiae ilke two, of whom that I yow 

■•y«i 1394 

Whan that hir hertea wel aasored were, 
Tho gonne they to speken and to pleye, 
And eek reheroen how, and whanne, and 

They knewe hem firat, and every wo and 

That peaaed waa ; bat al awich hevinease, 
I thanke it god, was toomed to gladnesse. 

201. And ever-mo, whan that hem fel to 
apeke 1401 

Of any thing of swich a tyme agoon, 
With kiaaing al that tale sholde broke. 
And fallen in a newe joye anoon, 
And diden al hir might, ain they were 
oon, I4P5 

For to recoveren bliase and been at eae, 
And passed wo with joye coantropej'se. 

SOS. Beaon wU not that I apeke of sleep,. 
For it aocordeth nought to my matere ; 
Qod woot, they toke of that tol litel keep, 
Bat lest thia night, that waa to hem ao 
dare, 1411 

Ne aholde in viyn eaoape in no manere, 
It waa biaet in joye and birineaae 
Of althataoonethin-togentUneaae. 1414 

SOS. Bat whan the cok, comane astrologer, 
Gkm on his breat to bete, and after orowe^ 
And Laoifer, the dayea measager, 
Oan for to ryae, and oat hir bemea 

And eatward rooa, to him that ooade it 

knowe, 1419 

Forttma maiar^ fthan anoon Griaasrde, 
With herte aore, to Troilna thoa aes^e .^— 

SOi. ' Myn hertea lyf, my iriat and toy 

That I waa bom, allaa ! what me ia wo. 
That day of aa mot make desseveraonce ! 
For tyme it is to lyse, and hennes go, 1435 
Or ellea I am loat for evermo ! 
O night, allaa ! why niltow over as hove, 
Aa longe aa whanne Almena lay by Jove? 

205. O blake night, aa folk in bokes redot 
That shapen art by god this world to 

hyde 1430 

At oerteyn tymes with thy derke wede. 
That ander that men mighte in reate 

Wel oaghte beatea pleyne, and folk thee 

That there-aa day with laboar wolde as 

That thoa thaa fleeat, and deynest as 

noaght reate ! 1435 

206. Thoa doet, allaa ! to shortly thyn 

Thoa rakel night, ther god, makere of 

Thee, for thyn hast and thyn onkinde 

So fitfte ay to oar heminqpere binde, 
That never-more imder the gzonnd thoa 

winde ! 1440 

For now, for thoa ao hyeat oat of Troye, 
Have I forgon thoa haatily my jojre !' 


^roiftte AtA Crtee^lt. 

207. 1 

ia TroQos, Clut witli tlio wordea 

As thooglito bim tho, for pivtoiu distresss, 
The liliKly torcB from his beiM melte, 1445 
Aj be that never yet swieb bovinossa 
Asayed badde, oat of so grttt gladnesBO, 
G&n therwitfa-Kl CiiMydo hu lail; dere 
In KTIDM Btreyne, ftiid wyds In thia 

d be thy DDming in-to Tnye, 
Fur oTorjr bore hath oon of t^ bright yen I 
Enryons day, what Ust theeio totpyea? 
Whnt baitow loat, why nikaitow this 

aoe. Albu 1 what hui tbise lorerea tbm 

DlapitooB day? tbyn bo ths pyno of hello ! 
For many a lovero haiMw absnt, and 

So whiuuiD, allae '. 1 ihal tho tyioe ase, 
That Id this plyt I nuiy bo oft with yow ; 
And of my lyf, god wool how that thai 
be, mSi 

Sin that deayi right now ao bytetb me, 
That I un deed anoon, bat I retoorne. 
How Bholde 1 longe, alia* I fro yow bo- 

£13. BQt natheUes, myn owens lady 
bright, n&s 

Tit ware it Co that I wist« ontrely, 
That T( your bomblo serraoat and yooi 

Were in your berte let so fermely 
Aj ya in mjn, the which thing, trawely, 
He lever were than thiso worldsa twsyne, 
Yet iholde 1 bet enduren al m; peyna.' 

211. To t 

t Criseyde onswerde right 
10 aeyde. ' O faarto dera. 


^voifti0 cml CtiBtjuU. 


917. BeUi glad ftir-thyf and live in siker- 

Tlma f«ydd I never er thia, ne ahal to 
mo ; 1514 

And if to yow it were a gn^ gladneau 
To tome ayein, soone after that ye go, 
Ab fSayn wolde I aa ye, it were so, 
Afl willy god myn herte bringe at reste !* 
And him in axmea took, and ofte keste. 

218. Agayna hla wil, sin it mot nodes be, 
Thia Troilns up roos, and fiurte him 

oledde, 153 1 

And in his armea took his lady free 
An hundred tyme, and on hia wey him 

And with swich wordea as his herte 

He aeyde, * flurewel, my dere herte swete, 
Ther god na graante soonde and sone to 

mete !* 1536 

219. To which no word for sorwe she 

So sore gan his parting hir destreyne ; 
And Troilns tm-to his palays ferde, 
Aa woo bigon as she was, sooth to seyne ; 
So hard him wrong of sharp deeyr the 

peyne 153 1 

For to ben eft there he was in pleaaonoe, 
That it may never ont of his remem- 


220. Betomed to his r6al palais, sone 1534 
He softe in-to his bed gan for to slinke, 
To slepe longe, as he was wont to done, 
But al for nought ; he may wel ligge and 

But sleep ne may ther in his herte 

Thenkinge how she, for whom de^yr him 

A thousand-fold was worth more than he 

wende. 1540 

221. And in his thought gan up and donn 
to winde 

Hir wordes alle, and every oontenaunoe, 
And fermely impreasen in his minde 
The leste poynt that to him waa pleaannee ; 
And verrayliche, of thilke remembraunce, 

Dmyt al newe him brende, and lust to 
brede 1546 

Ghm more than erst, and yet took he non 

222. Criseyde also, right in the same wyse, 
Of Troilus gan in hir herte shette 1549 
His worthinesse, his lust, his dedea wyse, 
Hia gentilesse, and how she with him 

Thonkinge love he so wel hir bisette ; 
De^yring eft to have hir herte dere 
In swioh a plyt, she dorste make him 


228. Fandare, »-morwe which that oomen 
waa 1555 

Un-to his neoe, and gan hir fayre grete, 
Seyde, * al this night so reyned it, alias I 
That al my drede is that ye, nece swete, 
Han litel layser had to slepe and mete ; 
AL night,' quod he, * hath reyn so do me 
wake, 1560 

That som of us, I trowe, hir hedes ake.' 

224. And ner he com, and aeyde, *how 

stont it now 
Thia mery morwe, nece, how can ye fi&re?' 
Criseyde answerde, ' never the bet for yow. 
Fox that ye been, god yeve your herte 

care! 15^ 

God helpe me so, ye caused al this fare. 
Trow I,' quod she, * for alle your wordea 

O! who-eo seeth yow knoweth yow ftil 


226. With that she gan hir face for to 

With the shete, and wez for shame al 

reed ; 1570 

And Pandarus gan under for to prye. 
And seyde, * nece, if that I shal ben deed, 
Have here a swerd, and smyteth of myn 

With that his arm al sodeynly he thriste 
Under hir nekke, and at the laate hir 

kiste. 1575 

226. I paase al that which chaigeth 

nought to aeye. 
What! God foxyaf his deeth, and she 


^roiAts an( Crtot^. 

ToryiS, ind with hir anclo giui to pleyo, 
For udiBr cnnso wns Iher noon tiian so. 
But oftbU UiiDRiight to tliaefTecttoeo, 
Whan t>-ina woa, honi tit hir hnoa she 

And Paadama hath folly hia entente. 

937. Now tome vb nyain to TroilnB, 
That rostcleea fiU longe n-boUde lay, 
And [TWolj santG aftor Fnudarns, 1585 
To blm to come in ol tlie basto he may. 
Ho cwm auoon, nought onaa Boydo he 

Bfitta, I5!t9 

928. This Troilni, with al thn affeocioim 
Of rrenilea love that horto may devyse, 
To PandaroB on ImeSB fll adoun, 
And er that lie woldo of the plftco aryae, 
Ho gun him tlionken in hia besto wync; 
A liandrnl ^h« bb gnn thu iyiae hlesse, 
That he naa born to bringo bim fro 
diatresao. 1J96 

' My dore frond, if I have d 

a tor 

In any CHS, (fod wot, it is mo loaf ; 
And am aa glad aa man may of it ba, i6ao 
Qod help me aa; but tak now not a-gmf 
That I sbal >eyn, be war of this myscheef; 
That, thero-ofl thon now brought ait in-to 

That than tby-solf ne canae it nonght to 

B9B, Foi of fortiuMM aharp advenitee 1615 
Tho worst tinde of infortone ia thie, 

And it remembron, whan it paimnl is. 
Thoa art wya y-nooeh, foc-thy do nought 

Ba not to xakel, thongh thou aftle 

warme, ,6„ 

For if thon bo, carteyn, it wol the* 


Zt^itM an) ttistj^* 




And Mgrde, 'firaend, m I am trewelmiglit, 
And hf that fayth I ihal to god and yow, 
I hadda it never half lo hote aa now; 1650 
And 1^ the more that deayr me bsrteth 
To lore hir beet, the more it me delyteth. 

5K7. I noot my-ielf not wialy what it ia ; 
Bat now I fele a newe qnalitee, 
Te, al another than I dide er thit.' 1655 
Bandare aniwarde, and aeyde thuMf that he 
That ones may in hevene bliaie be, 
He feleth other weyee, dar I leye, 
Than thiike tyme he ilrit herde of it aesre. 

98a lUa ia o word for al ; thia Troiloa 
Waa ne?«r ftU, to apeke of thia matere, 
And for to prayaen nn-to Pandama 1662 
The bonntee of hia righte lady dere, 
And Pandama to thanke and maken 

lliia tale ay waa ipan-newe to biginne 1665 
TQ that the night departed hem »-twinne. 

889. Sone after thia, for that fortune it 

I-comen waa the blisfVil tyme iwete, 
That Troiloa waa warned that he aholde, 
Ther he waa erst, Criseyde hia lady 

mete; 1670 

For which he felte hia herte in joye 

And feythfhlly gan alio the goddea herie ; 
And lat fee now if that he can be merie. 

MO. And holden waa the forme and al 

the wjrae, 
Of hir oominge, and eek of hia alao, 1675 
Aa it waa erst, which nedeth nonght 

But playnly to the effect right for to go, 
In joye and aenrte Pandama hem two 
A-bedde broughte, whan hem bothe leste. 
And thoa they ben in qoiete and in 

reste. 1680 

841. Nought nedeth it to yow, ain they 

ben nxet. 
To aake at me if that they blythe were ; 
For if it erst waa wel, tho waa it bet 
A thooaand-foldf this nedeth notenqnere. 
A-gon waa vvery sorwe and e/y^ry fere ; 

And bodie, y-wis, thay hadde, and so 
they wende, 1686 

Aa mnche joye aa herte may oomprende. 

842. Thia ia no litel thing offer to aeye. 
This pasaeth every wit for to devsrse ; 1689 
For echo of hem gan otheree lost obeye ; 
FeUcitee, which that thise derkea wyse 
Commenden so, ne may not here suffyse. 
This joye may not writen been with inke, 
Thia pasaeth al that herte may bithinke. 

848. Bui omel day, ao wel-awey the 

stoonde ! 1695 

Ghm for to aproche, aa they hf aignea 

For whiche hem thonghte felen dethea 

wonnde ; 
80 wo waa hem, that ohangen gan hir 

hewe, 1698 

And day they gonnen to dispyae al newe, 
Calling it traytonr, envyona, and worse. 
And bitterly the dayea light they cnrse. 

244. Quod Troilns, * alias ! now am I war 
That Pirooa and tho swifte stedes three, 
Whiche that drawen forth the aonnea 

Han goon som by-path in despyt of me ; 
That maketh it so sone day to be ; 1706 
And, for the sonne him haateth thoa to 

No shal I never doon him sacrifyse !* 

846. But nedes day departe moste hem 

And whanne hir speche doon waa and hir 

chere, 1710 

They twinne anoon aa they were wont to 

And aetten tyme of meting eft y-fere ; 
And many a night they wronghte in thia 

And thna Fortune a tyme ladde in joye 
Criseyde, and eek thia kingea sone of 

Troye. 1715 

846. In snffisannce, in Uisse, and in sing- 

Thia Troilna gan al his lyf to lede ; 
He spendeth, josteth, maketh ffestey- 


^roifUs sub Cviet^e. 


Ho yoToth (ixiy 

And held sboute bim olwej*, ont of drade, 
A world of folk, M cam him vrol of klnde. 
Ills freaalieete and tliB boelo he coodc 

■217. That Bwich a 

forld, of hor 


largesse, 1714 

That it up roQ5nn-t»tho j-ataof hovone. 
And, as ia love, he ■ma in swich i^ladnesae, 
That In hia harta he demcdn, aa I gene, 
That tboie nis Inveni In this world at eis 
fio wel aa he, nnd thus gau love him 

818. The godlihedo or bcautoe which that 

In any other lady badde y-sct 

Con nob the moantaiinDa of a knot tin- 

A-boat« his herU, of al Criaejdea net. 
lie wag BO narwo y-masked and y-tnet, 

That nit not boen, for ought that may 

That stementB that boen so diocordabla 
Holdon a bond perpetaely dniingB, 
Thai Fhabna mote his may day forth 

And that the mone hath loniihip over 

the nightos, 
Al tbii doth Lore ; By heried be hia 


S52. That that the see, tliat grredy ia to 

Conatreyneth to a cetieya eode »o 1759 
His flodea, that «a feraly they ne groweii 
To drenchen ertho and al for ever-mn ; 
And if that Lova ought late hia btydel go, 
Al that now loveth a-aonder sholde lepe, 
And lost wore al, that Lore hall now t«- 

253. So wolde god, that anctor ia of 
kindo, 1^ 

That, with bia bond, Love of hia yertn 

To oerolcn bertea alle, and inato binde. 

That ttom hia bund no wight tha tny out 

And hert«9 oolde, hem woldo I that he 


tTroiftw Ant ttUn^ 


S66L And mofi of lore and veria WM his 

And in daspyt hadde aUe wreoohedneoe ; 
And dontelees, no nede mm him biseohe 
To hoDonzen hem that hadde worthi- 

nene, 1789 

And esen ham that wesen in distreaw. 
And g^ad waa he if any wight wel ferde, 
That knrer waa, whan he it viate or horde. 

267. For aooth to a^yn, he lost held every 

6at4f he were in lovea heigh aervyae, 
I mane folk that oughte it been of rights 
And over al this, so wel ooade he de- 

vyae 1796 

Of aentement, and in so nnkonth wyaa 
Al Ua array, that evexy lover thooghte, 
That al waa wel, what-60 he aeyde or 


258. And though that he be oome of 
blood royal, iSoo 

Him liate of pryde at no wight for to 

Benigne he waa to ech in general, 

Eor which he gat him thank in every 

Thna wolde Love, y-heried be his grace. 
That Piyde, Envye, Ire, and Avaryoe 1805 
He gan to flee, and every other vyoe. 

269. Thou lady bright, the donghter to 

Thy blinde and winged aone eek, dann 

Ye Boatren nyne eek, that by SUoone 
In lul Faimaao listen for to abyde, 1810 
That ye thna fer han deyned me to gjrde, 
I can no more, bnt sin Uiat ye wol wende, 
Ye heried been for ay, with-onten ende ! 

260. Thoorgh yow have I seyd ftdly in 

my aong 
Th'effeotandjoyeofTroUnaservyse, 1815 
Al be that ther waa aom diaese among, 
Aa to myn anotor listeth to devyse. 
Hy thridde book now ende ioh in this 

And Troilns in Inste and in qniete 1819 
la with Criseyde, his owne hezte swete. 

Explicit Liber Tereina. 


[Prohanlnm. ] 

1. Bxrr al to litel, weylawey the whyle, 
Laateth swich joye, y-thonked be For- 

tone ! 
That semeth trewest, whan she wol 

And can to foles so hir aong entnne, 
That she hem hent and blent, traytonr 

comnne ; 5 

And whan a wight ia firom hir wheel 

Than langheth she, and maketh him the 


9. From Troflna ahe gan hir brighte fSftce 
Awoy to wrythe, and took of him non 

Bat caste him dene oute of his lady 
grace, 10 

And on hir wheel she sette np Diomede ; 

For which right now myn herte ginneih 

And now my penne, alias! with which 
I wryte, 

Qnaketh for drede of that I moot endjrte. 

8. For how Crisej^e Troilns forsook, 15 
Or at the leste, how that she was nn- 

Hot hennes-forth ben matere of my 

Aa wryten folk thomgh which it ia in 

Alias ! that they shnlde ever canse 


V^toitnt ant Ctint^lt. 

To iiwkD Mr bnnn ; and If thay on Ur 

Y-wis, bem-aelf sholde bin ths vilanye. 

i. O ye Hotinei. Nightaa doDghtren three, 
TliBt endelBOB romplejuon ever in pj-na, 
liBgera, AlcM, ftod nek Thesiphone ; 
Thon crnol Marg oeh, fader to Qniiyno, is 
This ilke fsrthe hook me helpeth fyne, 
So that tha loa of Ij-f anil love y-fcro 
Of IWlni ba iW]y shewed hero. 

B. LraanaE in oat, aa I have aeyd or this, 
The OrekeB Btronge.sbonto Troyo tonn, 30 
Bifel that, wlian Chat Photina ihyuing ia 
UpKin the hreat ofHurciiles Lyonn, 
That Ector, with fu] mnny a bold baroim, 
Co«B on a day with Grokee for to flghte, 
Aa he waa wont to grava hem irhat ho 
miglitG, 3j 

Polyta, or eck the Trojan danD Bipheo, 
And othere laiae folk, aa PhebnKo. 
So that, for harm, that day the folk nf 
Troya ss 
Dredden to lo»e a«et part of hir joye. 

9. Of Pryamns 

A tymo of trow 

wao yevo. at Greek n>- 
0, and tho they gonnon 

Hir priaoneraa to chanDgen, moete and 

laats, 59 

And fbr tho aoriilua yeven eonuaea gieto. 

This thing anoon woe oontk in STery 

Botho in th'oasega, in tonne, and eyory- 

And with the flrsto it ciun to Colka* ere. 

10. Whan Calkaa knew thia tretia aholiie 

In oonnatorie, among Iha Qrekei, aona 6j 
He gu in thringe forth, frith lordM oliU, 
And fletta him tl]er&.ai ho waa wont to 


Ztoitiiif mA (MUfjit* 


Itw Hftvinge nn-to my tretonr ne my 
rente 85 

Bight no reipoit, to respect of your eae. 

TliiiM al my good I loste and to yow 

Wening in this yoa, lordes, for to plese. 

Bat al that los ne doth me no diaeee. 

I Toiiohe-eaaf, m wisly have I joye, 90 

For yon to lese al that I have in Troye, 

14. 8aTeofadoiighter,thatIlaftetaIIa8! 
Slspinge at hoom, whanne out of Trqye 


Sterne, O cmel fitder that I was ! 
How mighte I have in that so hard an 

herte? 95 

Anas ! I ne hadde y-bronght hir in hir 

F6r sorwe of which I wol not live to 

Bnt-if ye lordes rewe np-on my sorwe. 

15. For, hy that oaose I say no tyme er 

Hir to delivere, I holden have my pees ; 
Bat now or never, if that it lyke yow, 101 

1 may hir have right sone, doutelees. 

help and grace ! amonges al this prees, 
Bewe on this olde oaitif in destresse. 
Sin I through yow have al this hevinesse! 

16. Ye have now caught and fetered in 
prisonn 106 

Trqjans y-nowe ; and if your wiUes he. 
My child with oon may have redempoionn. 
Now for the love of god and of bonntee, 
Oon of so fele, alias ! so yeve him me. no 
VHiat nede were it this prejrere for to 

Sin jre shnl bothe han folk and toon as 


17. On peril of my lyf, I shal not lye, 
AppoUo hath me told it feithftdly ; 

1 have eek foonde it by astronomye, 115 
By sort, and by angorie eek trewely, 
And dar wel seye, the tyme is fkste by, 
That fyr and flanmbe on al the toon shal 

Bprede ; 
And tboa shal Troye tome in asdien 

18. For certeyn, Fhebas and Keptoniu 
bothe, lao 

That makeden the walles of the toon, 
Ben with the folk of Tr^ye alw^ so 

That thei wol bringe it to conftisioan, 
Bight in despyt of king I^meadonn. 1 24 
By-cause he nolde payen hem hir hyre, 
The toun of Troye BbiaX ben set on-fyre.' 

19. Telling his tale alwey, this olde greye, 
Humble in speche, and in his lokinga eke^ 
The salte teres firom his eyen tweye 129 
Ful faste ronnen doun hy eyther oheka. 
So longe he gan of sooour hem by-seke 
That, for to hele him of his sorwes sore, 
They yave him Antenor, with-onte mora. 

20. But who was glad y-nough but Calkaa 

And of this thing ful sone his nedes 
leyde 135 

On hem that sholden for the tretis go. 
And hem for Antenor ful ofbe preyde 
To bringen hoom king Toas and Criseyde ; 
And whan Piyam his save-garde sente, 
Th'embassadoniB to Troye streyght they 
wente. 140 

21. The cause y-told of hir cominge, the 

Pryam the king ftil sone in general 
Let here-upon his parlement to holde, 
Of which the effect rehersen yow I shaL 
Th'embassadours ben answered for fynal, 
Th'esohaunge of prisoners and al this 
nede 146 

Hem lyketh wel, and forth in they pre- 

22. This Troilus was present in the place, 
Whan axed was for Antenor Criseyde, 
For which ful sone chaungen gan his fisoe. 
As he that with tho wordes wel neigh 

deyde. 151 

But nathelees, he no word to it seyde. 
Lest men sholde his affeccioun espjre ; 
With mannes herte he gan his sorwea 


28. And fttl of anguish and of grisly 
drede 155 

Abood what lordes wolde un-to it seye ; 

Zviitaa oxA tviM^fit. 

And if tbey woldo ^raoiiifl, u god tor- 

TU'eacbaon^ of hir, Uuui thooghte ha 

thingea tvejo, 
Firat, how lo BOTO hir honour, and what 

Ho mighte best th' 

21. Love him ronde ol preat to doon hir 

And mthsr dye than she sholda go; 
Rot rosana aeyde him, on that othsr Rjnle, 
'With-onteawentof hir cedonot so, 165 
Leat for thy werk iho wolds be thy fo, 
And soyn, that thon>gh thy medUin; ia 

Your bother love, there it waa ent nn- 

86. IVt whioh he gwi dehb^rsn, for the 
That though tho lordea wolda that ahe 
Ha wolda hit« hem emonto what hom 

For infortona it wolda, for the nonea, 185 

They nholden hir coDfosiotm dssyre. 

' Ector,' quod they, ' wh&t gooat mayyow 

Thia ironumm thna to shilde and doon ns 

Ho ia eok 00a, the gretteat of this I 

O Eotor, lat tho factHByEB be I 

O king Fryam,' qaod they, ' thus 1 

£9. O Javenal, lord ! trewe ia thy aon- 

Thnt litel witea folk what ia to yams 
TLat they ue finde in hir ilMyr offence ; 
For dond of erronr lat hem not deaoerns 
^Yhat beat ia ; and lo, : 


Zv^Um m) ttiUf^ 


flSL Dgpartad oat of pMrlgment echane, 
This TMlof, wiOi-oiito wofdw mo, 
Uii^o Ills ohanmfare ipedde him fiwto 
alkme, sao 

Bak-if it ware a man of hit or two, 
Tbo wlUehe he iMid oat fiurte for to go, 
Bx-eanab he wolde alepen, m he leyde. 
And haitely up-on his hed him liQTdfl^ 

88w Andes in winter lev«eheenhinift,M5 
Kehe after other, til the tree be here, 
80 that ther nie hat hark and ImMmche 

Ijth Troilafl, liiraft of eeh wel-fiure, 
Y-boonden in the hiake hark of care, 
Dispoeed wood oat of Us wit to bxeyde, 
80 sore him sat the channginge oi Cri- 

seiyde. 231 

84. He rist him np, and every dore he 

And windowe eek, and tho this sorweM 

Up-on his heddes syde a^doon him sette, 
Fol lyk a deed image pale and wan ; 235 
And in his hrest the hoped wo bigan 
Oat-brtste, and he to werken in this 

In Us woodnesie, as I shal yow devyse. 

86. Bight as the wilde bole biginneth 

Now here, now there, y-darted to the 

herte, 240 

And of his deeth roreth in oompleyninge, 
Bi^t so gan he abonte the chaombre 

Smyting his brest ay with his festes 

-'Smerte ; 
His heed to the wal, his body to the 

Fol ofte he swapte, him-eelven to oon- 

foande. 145 

86. His eyen two, for pitee of his herte, 
Oat stremeden as swifte welles tweye ; 
The heighe sobbes of his torwes smerte 
His spoche him rafte, nnnethes mighte 
he seye, 149 

* O doeth, alias I why niltow do me deye? 
A-corsed be the day which that natare 
&oop me to ben a lyres oreatore I* 

87. Bat alter, whan the ftnie and the 

WUoh that his herte twiste and foste 
threete, 154 

By lengthe of tyme somwhat gan aBnrage» 
Up-on his bed he leyde him doan to reste ; 
Bat tho bigonne his teres more oot-brestOi 
That wonder is, the body may sof^^se 
To half this wo, wUch that I yow devyse. 

88. Than s^e he thns, * Fortune ! alias 
the whyle ! »6o 

What have I doon, what have I thos 

How mightestow for reuthe me bigyle f 
Is ther no grace, and shal I thos be spiltf 
Shal thos Criseyde awey, for that thoa 

wilt? ^ 

Alias I how maystow in thyn herte finda 
To been to me thos orael and nnkinde? 

89. Have I thee nooght honoored al my 

As thou wel wost, above the goddes alia ? 
Why wiltow me fro joye thos depryve ? 
O Troilos, what may men now thee calle 
But wrecche of wrecohes, out of honour 

falle ajt 

In-to miserie, in which I wol biwayle 
GxiMyde, alias ! til that the breeth me 


iO. Alias, Fortune ! if that my lyf in joye 
Displesed hadde an-to thy foole envye, 
Why ne haddestow my fader, king of 

Troye, ^76 

By-rafb the lyf, or doon my bretheren dye, 
Or slayn my-self, that thos compleyne 

and orye, 
I, oombre-world, that may of no-thing 

Bat ever dye, and never fdlly sterve? a8c 

41. If that Criseyde allone were me laft, 
Nought ronghte I whider thou woldest 

me store ; 
And hir, alias ! than hastow me biralt 
Bat ever-more, lo I this is thy manere, 
To reve a wight that most is to him dere, 
To prove in that thy gerfhl violence. a96 
Thus am I lost, ther heli>oth no defence. 

^retftui dnl £r{ee^e. 

IS. Oyemy lord of love, g»d. kU«s 1 
Tbkt knoimt beat mya birts Bad al my 

What Bbsl my sorwfal lyf don in Uiia am 
If I foi-go Ui>t I to dsre have boaghtF igi 
Sid 7e Ciyse}^ and me ban rnllyhronsbt 
In-to yinir sraec, and botbs oar hoites 

Bow ma; ye Hoffre, altu ! it be rspsted 7 

iS. Wh&t I auy dooD, I ihal, yrhyl I aaj 

On \yve io tDrmeot and in cniol pgyne, 
This infortane or this duHventore, 
AlloDa M I WM bom, y-wii, oompleyne ; 
Ho nevBT wil I Been it ghyne or reyne ; 
Bat endo I wil, ai Edippe, in derkneme 
ily lorwftil lyf, and dyen 

Why nilWiw fl»en out of the -woftUlaata 
Body, that evermigbtfl on groiuide gaf 
O soule, Inrkingo iu this wo, onnealB, jnj 
Fleo forth ont of mya hcrte, and Ut it 

God leve tbatyofindaaylova of steel, 315 
And longe mot yfiar lyf in joye sndnn 1 
Bat whan ye oomen l-y my npoltare, 
Bemembreth that yoar feUwe rsitath 

For I loveda e«k, t^oogh I unworthy 

43. O oldfl nnhotwm and mialyred man, 
Calkai I mene, alias t what eyleth thee 
To been a Qreek, sin thcni art bom 

O Calkss, which that wilt my bane be, 
In coned tyme was thoa bora for me t 
As wolde bliiful Jove, for his joye, jjj 
That I thee badde, whore 1 wolde, In 

IB. A thousand ^kes, bottare thitn the 

Out of his breat ech oHitT other weut^ 
M^iod with pleyntea newc, hla wo Ui 

For wliich his wofol terei never iteote ; 
Aad shortly, so hia peynea him to-re&te. 
And WBI BO mat, that joye norpenatmoo 
He feletb noon, but lytb forth in a traoDCS. 


65. Tlik Tmndan^fml dsed sad pale «f 

60l And «d^ at wrii 



Fol pitoiHljr aaflwide ax^ sejdc, ^jris! 
Afl willy wv«HfidiMHkti«w«, 581 
Thai I liATie h«rd, and wot al liov it is. 
O marej, god, who wolde hair% titnrvd 

Who wolde have irend thai, in so Ulel 

athrowe, 3&4 

Fortune oar j<^fe wolde han orer-throw*? 

66. For in this world ther is no creators, 
As to my doom, that ever saw royne 
Straimgere than this, thomgfa cas or 


Bnt who may al eschews or al devyne ? 

8wich is this world ; for-thy I thus de- 
fine, 390 

■f-Ke tmste no wight finden in Fortune 

Ay propretee ; hir yeftes been oomnne. 

67. Bat tel me this, why thon art now so 

To Borwen thus? Why lystow in this 

''The newe lore oni chaeeCh oAe the 
oWe;" 415 

And np-on newe cas lyth news aTye^ 
Thenk eek, thy-Mlf tosaven arlow hokle ( 
Swieh fyr, hy proces, shal of kinds oolde^ 
For sin it is but casoel ptesaancs, 
Som oas shal pntte it ont of remem* 
hrannoa. 4*) 

61. For al-so sear as day cometh alter 

The newe love, Ubonr or other wo, 
Or elles selde seinge of a wight, 
Don olde affeocionns alle over-go. 
And, for thy part, thon shalt have con of 

tho 4*5 

To abrigge with thy bittre peynei tmerle t 
Absence of hir ihal dryve hir out of herte.* 

est, Thise wordei seyile he for the nones 

To helpe his fireend, lest he Ibr sorwe 



^rot'ftur tmi CvietjgU. 

For cloatoUes, U> doon his mi to Tktte, 4J0 
Ho ronglite not wliat unthrift that he 

Bet TroUaa, tbat neigh for iorxe deyde, 
Tok litol b«de of ol that ever ha mente ; 
Don era it herds, at the other ont it 

63. Bnt at the huto asBwordo and Hqrde, 

This Lechecroft, or heled thTis to be. 
Wore wel silting, If that 1 were a feend, 
To tn^ven hir that trewe is unto nxe 1 
I pray god, lat thi< consajl never y-theo ; 
Bat do me rather Eterve anan-right 

6L She that I 

ri-e, r-i 

a, what 10 tbon 

To whom myn borto onhabic is bj> right, 
Bhal ban me holly fairoa til that I deye, 
For, Pandana, sin I liave trcmtbs hit 
twbt, 44J 

1 wol not been ontrowe for no wight ; 
Bnt as hir nan I wol ay live ani 
And never other creatare serve. 

He cometli to him a pas, and leyOi Ti|^t 

thns, 465 

Thoo most me first transmairen In • 

:i lightly do my w 


SB. The deeth may wnl one of my brst 
departo 470 

Tbo lyf, ■□ lon^ may this lorwe myne ; 
Bat fro my scale sbal OiiaeydM darto 
Out neTer-mo ; bat doon with Prosorpyna, 
Whan I am deed, Iwol go wone In pyn*; 
And ther I wot et«m«lly oomplvyno 47s 
My wo, and how that twinned be we 

69. Thow boat here 

for fyn, 
How that it iholde I 
Crisoydo to for-goon, for she was myn. 
And Uto la see and In felioitBe. 
Why gabbeatow, that seydeM thus to me 
That "him is won that " " 

a aiigiimeat. 


thai theQf^-:« he bi the 

vhat BiOR «&-to him Mj« : 


79, And Mrd*, *£reend, an thoa halt 
■vich dvtzvset 5^6 

And nn thee lift mjn uipunentetobhune, 
Whjnilt thj-eelven helpen d<x»n rcdre«»e. 
And vith thy muihod letten al this 

Oo imviahe hir ne CJUistow not for shiune ! 
And onther lat hir oat of tonne faro, 5^u 
Or hold hir vtillei and levo thy nyce fluv. 

77. Artow in TroyBi and hast non hanli* 

To take a wommaa which thai lorsth 


7j vamm »m )w i«£m£ «» «h> «cvk ^'^'^ 
As rx icft&i sr«. »« !».« (rrt «niv^.*. 
I sJiKiae hax a^"" Vteaae v<' e^i^KT «^^t^ 
Xt lasw {razsi if thai I #.^ m;Ui««w«k%^ 
SL£ i^ is rYi>TTft>i1 ^x- th^ K'mn«s c^nxW^ 

S:. I haxv ««k t^'V^k Ski^ xt «^4>^ Ku 

T.-* a«h« liir ai «yr f^tM'. »n<* h** <«*«v . xv* 
7%An ih*aV» 1. ihi* WW* hir *«vm«^h^4^»« 
Sin 'w*: I ^x>s I may ^»» ^^^ ^h*\v^**s\ 
F^v na n-^ iWJcr* in *^ K^K a |'4**>^ 
A* imriMni'nU hath hir ^kM^hautx* ^^Ha^l^t, 
He nil fx>r ue his Wtttv W iv)^«W%l, ^vs^ 

$1. Yet dnM« I nu^ hir U^t^ l%» )«««i« 

With vi\U«ni'^ if 1 do a^ioU a fiaiua , 
For if 1 w\d«U il »*|«ouljr dis««»«»lss 
It mi^cte U>«ku diA^lauudi^ to hit UMUt<^ 
And ni* ^t»n> li»\«»r UihhI iUau U»i .lt»itein«\ 
As u«dde c«hI hut -if 1 mUAsW haw .\mt 

liir honour h»\«r tUau ii^\ b t l%» imnxO 

8:1. Thns am I h^st, ftMr ini«hl thai I i«a«t 

For certi«,vii is, stn thai I am hir kul«hl, 
I mosto hir htMiour Ivwr han than me 
In o\Tr>' oas, as hivnni outfhtit of t(||ht, ^*\ 
Tlius aiu X with dei^r aud resmi l«^l||ht i 

^rotfus ayA Cvift^ 

i, Thns vepinSB that be ooade never 
a sBydp, ' alias ', how abal I, wrecoho. 

EncreBsea eeh the caoBfld of my oare ; 
So wol-o-wey^ why nil myn herte breflte ? 
For, OS in love, ther ia bat litel resta.' i8t 

U. Fandaro answerde, ' freend, thoQ 

mnyat, for me, 
Don 113 thee list ; but badde icb it bo bot«, 
And tfajn eslat, she aholiie go with ms ; 
Though si thii toim oryode on tiiit thing 

by note, 585 

I no]de aetta at al that noyae a BTote. 
For whan men ban wcl oryed, than wol 

A woDder last bnC nyne night nerer in 

Why Bholde than for ferd thyu herto 

Theok cek how Faria hath, tlutt is thy 

A love ; anil why ihaltow cot have 

ea And TroiliK, o thing I daT-.D)ea 

That IT Criseyde, whiche that is thy leef. 
Now loreth thee as wel as then duct here, 
God helpo mo to, she oil not take a-greef, 
Thongb thou do bote a-noon in thin 

And if ahe wilceth fro thee for iti pane, 

Tbanna is she fiUs ; to lora hir wel the 

lasso. 616 

69. For-thy tak berte, and thenk, nght as 

Thoorgh love is broken aids; every iawa. 
Eyth now somwhat thy oorage and thy 

Have meny on tliy-aelf, for any awe. <»n 
Lat not this wrooched wo thin herta 

Bnt manly set the 1 






ocEt of lur b«n« caM# : 
kift. vii^ thai lur Ijrf m^ 

botli* lA liM* Utal 

ML Bttt M 



B9 psd, S&d Ist BW 

in tliis 

M. VorlilMlsfaapeitwi, thatsikerij 
Thaa thmH this Bi^t 

thy Udj prpvvlj'. 
And bj hir wordtm eek, and Vy hlr then, 
Thoo. ahali ftil nna mgmxctjr^ and wel 
han 656 

Al hir entente, and in thii cas the beete ; 
And &re nov wel, for in this point I 

Ml in ttfWDMi and al 

firendes to rinji^k 
So to Cnseyde of 'vommen com a rmto 
For pitoos jore, and ^rend«n hir delyto ; 
, And with hir take* dere y-noa|;fa a ncrt<S 
Theae wommen, whi^ie that in the cite 
dwdle, M>5 

I They sette hem doon, and eejpde as I thai 


9K. Hie twifle Fame, whiche that &]se 

Esalreportethlyhthethin^estrewe, 660 
Was thoragh-oat Troye y-fled with presto 

Fro man to man, and made this tale al 

How Callcas donghter, with hir brighte 

At parlement, with-onto wordcs more, 
I-graonted was in chaonge of Antenore. 665 

96. The whiche tale anoon-right as Cri- 

Had herd, she which that of hir fkder 


I am glad, 

99. Qaod fixst that oon, 

Qy-canse of yow, that thai your fiMler see.* 
A-nother seyde, * y-wis, so nam not I ; 
Fk>raltolitelhath8hewithnsbe.' 690 
Quod tho the thridde, *I hope, y-wis, 

that she 
Shal bringen us the pees on erwy sydo, 
That, whan she gooth, almighty god hir 


100. Tho wordes and tho wommannisshe 

She heide hem right as thoogh she 

thennes were ; C195 

For, god it wot^ hir herto on other thing 

Although the body sat among hem thero. 

Hir adrertence is alwey elles-where ; 

For Troilos Ail fkste hir soole songhte | 

With-oaten ivord, alwey on him she 

thoughts. 700 

^ret^K aiA Cnttple. 


101, Thiio wonmien, that thus n 

Ai abfl tbat, k1 this taoDD whjle, brende 
Of otlxor paflMioiin than that the7 wendc, 
80 that she falt^ altaoat hlr bert« dyo 706 
For wo, and wety of that oompanys. 

102, Fnr vhich 

lauger mlghta she 

10 thejf BonneQ Dp to velle, 
That ysven ■ignos of tho bitter payne 710 
In whioha bir spirit was, and moste 

dwoUo ; 
Remembring bir, fro heven unto whlah 

She fallen wai, dth the forgoth tlu 

Of Troilos, and ■orowfnll}- ahe lights. 714 
lOS. And thilko fotos sitticge bir abonte 
Wenden, that ihe wepte and syked Bon 

H that aha sholda oat ef thaC : 
Departe, and iiever pjpj-o withhomi 
ind they that hndde y-knoven hir of 

106. Hir oonded hecr, tbat sonniab woa 
She rente, and 00k hir fing^res hinf^ and 
She wrong fnl ofte, and bad god on Mr 

And with the deeth to doon bole on hir 

Hir hewe, whylom bright, that tho mu 

pale, 740 

Bar »itnei of bir wo and hir oonatreynte ; 
And tboa she apak, lobbinge, in hir 00m- 

ploynte : 

107. • 

'out of this 

I, woful wieoche and infortnned wight, 
And bom in coned conalellacioim, 745 
Mot gooiL, and thai deparfon fro my 

Wo worth, allu ! that ilke dayea light 
On which I saw him finl with eyen 

al this 



113L H^tL hmm md «k zbm wofsl r>ai> 


Mm ViftB JfSBT ipirxS to COBSpWTTli? 

EUTBAlSf . for tLfy shol s«r«r twianc 

Tct m th* feU 4f pit««. am of pcr&e. 
Tbat hxcfasElTKC. ihal irt b«ea j-fex«^ ; 
As Orpbgoi nd ERdie* 

Puruarsk wHeclk slbw *ra9 vtvkM 

Was ru •r^»«7u«. m y^ b<ft:» W>liov\-*\ 
!M Jijr A ^iNniMttl asmL Oft n^iK 

LIZ. A3ii Mad sltaM <i^ )uJ^«^l«M fiVi^ »> 

Hi. Tlias Imtm mjn. for Acteaor. alias ! 

I sons dMl b« ehaozL^ed. as I weaa. 

Bat haw afaol je don ia this sorwtul 

Hov ihal joar tcadm bcrta this sast«ne? ' 
Bat harts aiyn, for-jvt this sorwo aad 1 

teas, 7>j6 

Aad Bia also ; for. soothly for to ssyv. 
So je vcl Dare, I reeche aot to deycu* j 

115. How Biighte it ever y-red bea or 

The plejato that she aiade in hir dis- 
tresse? 800 

I aoot ; hat, as for a&a, my litsl toagv, 
If I disersTsa wolds hir heriaeassi 
It sholde Biaks hir sorws ssmo IsMe 

i:^ W^A&lh«hiB19aw,sh«ilM\I^Sli>««V 

a^^x'a 5>k» 

Hir urr fiu« *-lw»« hir *ru\4« K>aIik 
F'%?r wb.iich thU l\M&st*zv i« *.« w\k bii^s.Mt, 
Thai in th« hsMU hi» m«^ht« uuuviN^ 

JLf he thAt v^****^ iV«t# %<su <^vvvy ^\dA 
For if CrtM>^# h*<.Ul«> <«•« os>Mi)Nt<vn%s| 

s».w«, **.< 

Tho leau she ("le^ne a ih^nui^uJl i>«ii^.« 

119. And ia hir *«)>r» |de,vni«> than »)k«i 

* PaaJaro Ami \^f H«y«s n\«» Ihau («\* 
Was canM» c^iuiufi^ ui\-i«« iu«k^ iNkfti«.\dts 
That aow tfansiuuwvd t>iMi\ lu v«uft 

WvV Si»» 

Whw shal I seys to >>»w •• wt4 ihuwo " or 

That aider Arst ma hi\«ii|Etii«» li\ f*« aer^yMi 
Of love, alias ! that enU«ih iu awioh wy9%>* 

DiO. Rudeth than low In wt» f Yn, «\r n\eu 
lr»thl Uti 

Aad alls worldly blisss, as thinketU m«, 
Tlie eade of blisss ay sivrwa II «HHMt|i>-^U ; 
And who^so troweth tu>t that II so i«, 


a86 ^witas tmi CrtetgSe. [Boc«rT. 

lAt him upon ms, woFol wrocohe, r-Me, 

Ths tBTM from hia eym fat to reyno. 

Tliat iny-«elf hftt«, and ay my biithB 

But oalhel™, m hn host mighto, ho Myde 


FromTroanathisowordBetoCrMoydo. B75 

Felingo Hlwey, fro wiUto I bq W> worg*. 

128. 'Lo, nwfl, I trowB yo han honl al 

lai. Wlio-Bii mo ilceth, ho Bcctll BOrWB bI 


lit ones. S4. 

The tine, with othore lordai, for the 

Poyno, (■irment, ploynta, wo, tii«trBBSe. 


Out cif my VTDfnl boiiy Larm ther noon is, 

Hath mad sacbaon^ of Antenor and 


A-noy, flmert, dredo, fury, and eek tik- 

That Dausa I0 of thii sorwe and this 

n«uo. 845 

1 trowa, y.wiB, from havonE leros reyno, 

Bat how this oaii doth Troiloa moleite, SSo 

For piteo of myn aspro and omcl peyna ! ' 

That may nan erthely mannea tunge 

12a. -And the™, my muto-, ttal of di»- 

Fop verray wo hia wit is a] awayo. 

oomfort,' 84a 

12?. For which wo han *> sorwed, he 

Why ne haitow to thy-selvca som resport. 

and I, 

Why woltow thoB Uiy-Bel™, bUm, for-do ? 

That ia-lo lilel botha it Hadde as b1«wb ; 

Leef al this work lud ink oow heds to 

Bat thargh my conseU thU day, fyniilly. 

That I >hal «eyn, and horkne, of good 

Ho somwhat is fro wepiog now wiih- 

drawo. 886 

This, whioh by mo thy Tniilas thae 

And someth mo that ho deayreth fawo 


With yow to been al iiieht, for to devyso 

Hemedo in this, if ther were any vyso. 

las. Tonied hir tho Ori«yda, a »o 




If to thii aoor tharnv he fiBudA alra. 


hal^- W5 

betcth.* oio 


181. Hum wordM aeyd, the <m hir annei 



Tn in a temple he fond him allaoe, 

FH snd^ and gan to irepe phooslj. 

Aa he that of hie ^no lencer lOQghte ; 

QoodAuidaiiii, *aIlM! wl^do j«n^ 

Bat to the pitooae goddea ererichooe 

8 jn trel jb ^poi tka ^jbm it £Mte Igr, 

Fnl tandiety he pNjdei and made hia 

mona, 990 

Tliak he jofv Bfli Uvopaa tkM »• ftnda, 

To dooD him aona out of thia 'voald to 

Baft 9« ipol kan him wood oat of hit 


m ivv 

ha that y« teda in thia 

Ha woMa him aaha 
To IwB thia flvn^ 

; andiflwaada 
ha ahalda not eooia 


Fte to iriia* 4^ ha nolda anoon pxotanda^ 
That kaowa I wal; andfor-thjyatlaqya, 
80 laef thia aorva^ or phrtljr ha iral d^pBL 

Ida. And 

jow hia 


BaOi lathar to him 

A« to 

of fat than 

And vith aom wyadom ya hia 
What halpeth it to wepen ftil a atrsta, 
Or thooflih ya botha in mlta teiaa dxaiynta ? 
Bet is a tjmeof onie ay thanof pleynte. 931 

184. I mene thus; whan I him hider 

Sin 3^ ben iryae, and botha of oon aannt, 
80 ehapeth how diatoorba jour goinga, 
Or oomeajaa, aona after ya be went 935 
Wommen ben wyae in ihortaTyaament; 
And hit aen how your wit thai now 

And what that I may halpe, it shal not 


185. *Gk>,' quod Oriatyda, *and onole, 

I shal don al my mig^t, me to reatnyne 
From weping in hia light, and UaQy, 941 
Him for to ghhde, I ahal don almy payne, 
And in myn herte aekan avaiy T^yne ; 

IVir wal he thoof^ta thar waa nan other 

187. And8hott)y,althaaothafbrtoava| 
Ha waa ao fiJlen in daqpeyr that day, 
ThatootialylkeahoophimlbrtodiyBL 90 
For right thua waa hie argument alw^y : 
He aayde, he naa but loran, wi^law^y t 
Tiir ■] tbil nninth. nnintb hj mnoaiUaM, 
Thua to be hxni, it ia my dantinaa. 

18a Ibr oarti^nly, thia wot I wal,* ha 
Myde, 960 

* That f<nHB^t of diryne pnrveyMoioe 
Hath aeyn alwey me to for-gon Gnaeyde, 
Sin god aeeth oTery thing, oat of doat> 

And hem deaponeih, thoorg^ hia orda- 

In hir meiytos aothly for to be, 961$ 

Aa they shol oomen by predeatinee. 

189. Bat nathelees, allaa! whom thai I 

For therben grete olerkei many oon, 
That deatinee thorogh argnmantee prove ( 
And aom men aeyn that nadely ther ia 

noon; 970 

Bat that £ree ohois Isyeven aa everiohoon. 
0, welaway I ao aleye am olerkea olde, 
That I not whoa opinion I may holde. 

140. For aom men aqyn, if god aath al 

Ne god may not deoesnred ben, Pardee, 975 
Than moot it Ihllan, though man hadda it 

That porrayMDMa hath a^yn bifore to be. 
Wherfor I aeye, that fhm eteme if ho 

Znitua atA Cr&epte. 

[Book IV. 

ilfom onr thought eak as cnu 
a Irea choia, u these olerkes 

1*1. For othor thongbt n 

r other doda 

It ntich M tmrTeyaimce, 
Which ni»y not ben dscayved nBver-mo, 
Hath faleil hifom, wiUi-on(«n ignorannoo. 
For if tlier miehta boen a variaanoo 985 
To WTythcn out fro goddeB porvByin^, 
Tbernoro nopreKionceortliijiecomliige; 




her an opini 





that we 





1 that ban 





and foul 

and wikked oonod- 

Of thiiiffss that to comon beeD, pkrdee ; 

Or if cecesaitee of tbing eominge 

Be cause CBrteyn of the purveyingo. 1015 

US. Bat now ce enforco I me nat in 

How the oTdre of eanJeS atant ; but wel 

That it falhavsth that the bifkllinge 
Orthlngei wist biforen certoTnlr 
Ba neeeasarle, a1 seme it not thsr-by ion 
That preadanoo put falling neoewaira 
To tbing to oomo, al iWlo it fonla or 

UT. ForiftheTsit&m&nynDd oQKMe. 

Than by noceaaiteo bihoveth it 
Tliat, oertes, th3^ npioioiin soth be, nu.s 
That weneat or eoiijactMt that he sit ; 
And ferther-over now syenwaid yit, 
IiD, right K it is of the part contiarle, 
As tbm ; (now harkne, fbr t Wol not 

lis. I seye, that if the opinionn of t])ee 
Be soolh, foi that he sit, than seye I 






Dlll0Wl]| I& 

to en 


be, K156 

L52. And this soflyMth xi^ 

Far to dasirojv 
Dai now is this slwsinin to majiL, 
Ihsi fiOlincs of the thinfH temporal 
Is eanse of goddes praseieiiM etemd. 
Ef ow treiwdj, thsi is a fids sentence, 
Ihsi thinir to earns sholde 


168. Whsi mii^te I w«n«, and I hsdde 
swieh A thoncht, 1065 

Bat that god paireyth thine thai is to 

Per that it is to oome, and elles noo^t ? 

io mights I wene that thinges alle and 

rhat whjdom been bifidle and orer-oome, 
Ben cause of thilke soyeresm porvey- 
aozioe, 1070 

rhai for-wot al with-oaten ignoraonce. 

154. And arer al this, yet s^jre I more 

Ibat right as whan I woot ther is a 

7 "Wis, that thing mot nedefully be so ; 
Eek right so, whan I woot a thing 

coming, 1075 

So mot it come ; and thus the ^ifalling 
Of thinges that ben wist bifore the tyde, 
rhey mowe not been eschewed on no 


L56. Than leyde he thus, ' almighty Joye 

in trone, 
rhat wost of al this thing the soothfast- 

neue, 1080 

Elewe on jny sorwe, or do me dejre sons, 
Dr bring Criseyde and me fro this dii- 

ind wbyl he was in al this hevini 


IML 'Omig^itjcodf'qaod Pmdaras, *in 

^! who 

whai thfinkaskaiw to done f 
host to bean thjn owana fb ? 
M not Cii s Bijd ea^go! 1090 
Why lost thee so thy-sdf ftrdoon for 


Thai in thyn haed thyn eiyen 

167. Haiiow not lired many a ysar b&- 

¥^th-oat«n hir, and Isrd ftil wel at ess? 
Artow for hir and for non other bom P 
Hath kind thee wronghte al-only hir to 

plese? 1096 

Lathe, and thenk right thos in thydisese : 
That, in the dees right as ther ftdlsn 

Bight BO in lore, ther oome and goon 

158. And yet this is a wonder most of alle. 
Why thou thus sorwest, sin thou nost 

not yit, no I 

Touching hir goinge, how that it shal 

Ne if ahe can hir-self distorben it. 
Thoa hast not yet aaeayed al hir wit« 
A man may al by tyme his nekke bede 1 105 
Whan it shal of, and aorwen at the nedo. 

159. For-thy take hede of that that I ahol 
aeye ; 

I have with hir y-spoke and longe y-bo, 
So as acoorded was bitwise us tweye. 
And ever-mo me thinketh thtis, that she 
Hath Bom-what in hir hertea prevetee, 
Wher-with ahe can, if I ahal right arede, 
Distorbe al this, of which thou art in 
dredo. 1113 

160. For which my ooonseil is, whan it is 

Thoa to hir go, and make of this an 

And blisAil Jono, thourgh hir grete 

mighte, 1116 

^reiAis anb CrtetpU. 

but nut 
nenda ;" 
And fijr-tliy pnt thyn lierto ii whyla in 

And liuld tliis jinrpoo, for it ts the liwts.' 

ISl. This Troiliu oniwerda, nnd sighle 

■ Tboa MTSt light vel, nnd I wil do light 

And what him liste, he MydB nn-to it 

And wbiin that it t»m tyma for to go, 
KqI pretely hini-»lf. with-onten mo, 1 1 j; 
Un-to hir ooni, u be v/ae wont to dona ; 
And lifi"* thoy WTonghto, I ahal yow t*llo 

163. Soth ia, that whan they gonna first 
to mote, 1118 

So gan the poyne hir hortas for to twisto, 
lliat neither of hem other mlghte grata, 
But hem in armes toke and iiltor kiats, 
Tbo Iiuse wofalle of hem bothe uiste 
Wher that ba was, no mights o word 

1 .love, I daye, and meroy I bo- 

Hir woftil spirit from hit proprs pUce, 
Hight with the word, alway np poynt t 

And thus bLd lyth with hewea pale ani 

That wbylom rr«h nnd fairen waa t 

With-DQto anmem, and felte hii UmM 

Hir oyoB throwen npward to hir heed), 
TUIb tomtnl nmn can now noon dUut 

Bnt ofle tyrne hir oolde month ho kiste ; 
Wlier him was wo, god twd him-Klf it 

n up, and long gtreigbt hi 


t^reiAut Mii Crfo^e. 


ia9. She oold wm and iritli-oaton aente- 

For Aught he woot, for braeth ne felte he 

noon ; 
And this was him a pielgnant argument 
That she was forth out of this world 

agoon; 1180 

And whan he seigh ther was non other 

He gan hir limes dresse In iwioh manere 
As men don hem that shnl be leyd on here. 

170. And after this, with steme and croel 

His swerd a-noon oat of his shethe he 

twighte, 1185 

Him-self to sleen, how sore that him 

80 that his sowle hir sowle folwen mighte, 
Ther-as the doom of lljnos wolde it dighte ; 
Sin lore and cmel Fortone it ne wolde, 
That in this world he lenger liven sholde. 

171. Thanne seyde he thus, ftiUlld of 
heigh desdayn, 1191 

* O cmel Jove, and thoa, Fortune adverse, 
This al and som, that fiUsly have ye 

Criseyde, and sin ye may do me no werse, 
Fy on your might and werkes so di- 

Terse ! 1 195 

Thns cowardly ye shnl me never winne ; 
Ther shal no deeth me firo my lady twinne. 

172. For I tlus world, sin ye han slayn hir 

Wol lete, and folowe hir spirit lowe or hye; 
Shal never lover seyn that Troilns 1100 
Dar not, for fere, with his lady dye ; 
For certeyn, I wol here hir companye. 
But sin ye wol not snffre ns liven here, 
Yet sn&eth that our soules ben y-fere. 

178. And thou, citee, whiche that I leve 
in wo, ix>5 

And thou, Pryam, and bretheren al y-fere. 
And thou, my moder, farewel ! for I go ; 
And Attropos, make redy thou my here ! 
And thou, Cnseyde, o swete herte dere, 
Beceyve now my spirit !' wolde he seye, 
With swerd at herte, al redy for to deye. 

171. But as god wolde, of swoogh therw 
with she abreyde, laia 

And gan to ayke, and * Troilns 'she oryde; 

And he answerde, * lady myn Criseyde, 

Live 3^ yet?' and leet his swerd doun 
glyde. 1215 

* Ye, herte myn, that thanked be Cupyde V 
Quod she, and ther-with-al she sore sighte ; 
And he bigan to glade hir as he mighte ; 

175. Took hir in armes two, and kiste hir 

And hir to glade he dlde al his entente ; 
For which hir goost, that flikered ay 
on-lofte, laai 

In-to hir wofbl herte ayein it wente. 
But at the laste, as that hir eyen glente 
A-syde, anoon she gan his swerd aspye, 
As it lay bare, and gan for fere crye^ 122$ 

176. And asked him, why he it hadde 

And Troilus anoon the cause hir tolde. 
And how himself ther-with he wolde 

have slawe. 
For which Criseyde up-on him gan bi- 

And gan him in hir armes finste folde, 1330 
And seyde, 'O mercy, god, lo, which a 

dede ! 
Alias ! how neigh we were bothe dede ! 

177. Thanne if I ne hadde spoken, as 
grace was. 

Ye wolde ban slayn youzHKlf anoon?' 
quod she. 

* Ye, donteless ; ' and she answerde, * alias ! 
For, by that like lord that made me, 1236 
I nolde a forlong wey on-lyve ban be, 
After 3rour deeth, to ban be crowned queue 
Of al tiie lond the Sonne on shynetb sbene. 

178. But with this selve swerd, which 
that here is, 1^40 

Ify-selve I wolde have slayn ! '—quod she 

* But ho, for we ban right y-now of this. 
And late us xyse and straight to bedde go, 
And there lat vs speken of our wa 

For, by the morter which that I see 

brenne, im5 

Knowe I fU wel that day is not fer henne.' 

L 2 

^reifiis atA Criee^t. 

179. Wlian they were in liir boddo, in 

smiMi foldo, 

That now ttiMe wordei, whiobe that I ihal 

SooBlitwM it lyV tho nightflslierB-bifooi ; 

seye, U90 

ForpitooalyeohotlioirgMibilioldfl, 1149 

Nia but to ahawe yow my mocioDH, 

A« thoy that bidden tl hir blioe y-lorn, 

To finde on-to onr helps tho beats weya ; 

Bimylinge ay tha day that they ware bom. 

And tttkoth it non other wjne, I prey*. 

Ti! at the lait thl» Brwfnl wight Criaeydo 

To TroilM thsM aifo wordaa soyda :— 

Tliat wol 1 doon, for that ii i» danuranda. 

180, ■ Lo, hBrt« myn, wel wot ya thi.,' 

ISO. Now hcrkeoath this, ye han wol 

qnod she, 1154 

nnderWoQde, H96 

' That if a wight alwcy lia wo oonipleyno, 

My going grauntod in by parlemont 

And ukatli nooghi liow liolpon for to bo, 

So Torforth, that it may not be with4t«nda 

It nit bnl folye and encroqs of peyne ; 

For &1 thia world, as by my jugement 

181. I am a wamm&n, aa fnl wol ye woot, 

And rd T am avyaeil oodcynly, 

So wol I telle yow, whyl it il hoot. 

Ho tliinkath thus, that neither ye nor I 

Ought* half this wo to make skilftiUy. 1263 

For there ii art y-now for (o rodreMe 

That yat is mis, and ileon thia herinuM. 

182. Sooth ia, the wo. the whicbo that 

Asd ain therbdpelh nooa BVyssment lyxj 
To latten it, lat it paase ont of tnlude ; 
And lat nj ahapo a, bettre woy to finde. 

187. Tlio aotbo ia, that the twinningo of 

Wol ua diaeao and crucllioho anoye. 
Bnt him bilioveth aom-lymo han a peyne, 
That Horveth love, if that he wot have 
joye. ijolS 

And aia I ahal no forthere ont of Tnye 
Than 1 may rydo i^ein on half a morw^ 
It onghte In 

Book IV.] 

t^reiftie Mb CtiUfjU. 


May je not ton dajM thaimo abjde, 
For myn honour, in iwioh an aventnre ? 
Y-wis, je mowen oUeo Ijte endnro I 1350 

191. Teknoweeekhow thatalmykinis 

Bnt-if that onliohe it my fkder he ; 
And eek myn othere thingee alle y-fere. 
And nameliohe, my dere herte, ye, 
Whom that I nolde leyen for to see 1335 
For al this world, as ivyd as it hath space; 
Or eUes, see ioh neyer Joves face ! 

192. Why trowe ye my &der in this wyse 
Ooreiteth so to see me, hat for drede 1339 
Lest in this toon that folkes me dispyse 
By-canse of him, for his unhappy dede? 
What woot my &der what lyf that I lede? 
For if he wiste in Troye how wel I fare, 
Vb neded for my wending nought to care. 

103. Te seen that evezy day eek, more 
and more, 1345 

Hen trete of pees ; and it supposed is, 
That men the qnene Elejme shal restore, 
And Ghrekes ns restore that is mis. 
So though ther nere comfort noon bat 
this, 1349 

That men pnrposen pees on every syde. 
Ye may the bettre at ese of herte abyde. 

194. For if that it be pees, myn herte 

The nature of the pees mot nodes dryve 
That men moste entreoomunen y-fore. 
And to and fro eek ryde and gon as blyve 
Alday as thikke as been flen from an 

hyve; 1356 

And every wight han libortee to bleve 
Wher-as him list the bet, with>oaton leva 

196. And though so bo that i>ecs ther may 

bo noon, 
Yet hidcr, though ther never pcos no 

were, 1360 

I moste come ; for whider sholdo I goon, 
Or how mischaunce sholde I dwelie there 
Among tho men of armes ever in fere ? 
For which, as wisly god my soule rede, 
I can not seen wher-of ye sholden drede. 

196. Have here another woy, if it so be 
That al this thing ne may yow not soii^^se. 

My fader, as ye knowen wel, pardee. 

Is old, and elde is fU of coveityse. 

And I rigb.% now have founden al the 

gyse, 1370 

With-oute net, wher-with I shal him 

And herkeneth how, if that ye wole 


197. Lo, Troilus, men seyn that hard it is 
The wolf fU, and the wether hool to have ; 
This is to seyn, that men tal ofte, y-wis. 
Mot spenden part, the remenaunt for to 

save. 1376 

For ay with gold men may the herte 

Of him that set is up-on coveityse ; 
And how I mene, I shal it yow devyse. 

108. The moeblo which that I have in 
this tonn 1380 

Un-to my fador shal I take, and seye. 
That right for trust and for savacioun 
It sent is from a freend of his or tweye. 
The whiche frecndes ferventliche him 

To Bondon after more, and that in bye, 
Wh^'l that this toon slant thus in ju- 
partj-e. 1386 

199. And tliat shal been an huge 

Thu3 shal I seyn, but, lest it folk aspyde, 
This may be sent by no wight but by me ; 
I shal eek shewcn him, if pees bityde, 1390 
What frendes that ich have on every syde 
Toward tho court, to doon tho wrathe 

Of Priamus, and doon him stonde in 


200. So, what for o thing and for other, 

I shal him so enchRuntcn with my sawes, 
That right in hovonc his sowlo is, shal he 

mcto ! 1396 

For ol Appollo, or his clerkes lawes, 
Or calculingo avayloth nought three 

hawes ; 
Desyr of gold shal so his sowle blende, 
That, as me lyst, I shal wel noake an 

ende. 1400 


294 Znitw «n6 Crieepie. (Boo.iv. 

aol. AndifhowoHBOnehtbyhunort it 

Bight so thQ wordes that thsy spako 


If that 1 lye. In cortayn I bIibI fonde 

Dclyicd bom, and made hir hertot clere. 

Distorban liim, anil pluklto liim by the 

5106. But nathBles. tho wending of Cri- 

JlakinRB Lis sort, and iwren him on 

Boyde, "-(36 


For ol this world, may nought oat of his 

IIb liaUi not wpI the goddes nnderelonde. 

For which ful ofte he piloOBlj-hicpreydfl, 

And, for a sootb, they tflUoti twenty lyes. 

That of Lir heste he might hir trswo 

202. Eok dcedB fond first goddw, I mp. 

flnde, HJ9 
Andsflydohir. ■eertfia. If ye bonnltinde, 


And hot j-B come at ci«y set In-to Troys, 

Tlins shal I Bejn, and tltflt hu coward 

No ahal I never have hele, bonoor, no 

mwle Lim aroia tbo goddea text to sl09<>, 

Whan ho for ferde out of hiji Dolph« 

807, For al-Bo sooth «s Bonno np-rlst on 

BtertP. ,41, 

And Imt I inako him Bono to converto, 

And, god ! to wiily thou me, woful 

And doon tny reed with-inne a dtj or 


To reste bringe ont of thi» cmel sorwe, 

I wol toyow oblige mo to deye.' 

I wol my-eelvtn sleo if that ye drwicbe. 

aOS. And trewelichB, as writon wel I flnilo, 

Bnt of my doeth tbongh Iit*a be to reocbe, 
Yet, er that ye mo caose so lo smerte, 

That b1 thia thing wa» Boyd of good on- 

Dwel nitbor bero, myn owone swete hort«l 

And that hir bcrte treWB was and kinde 


Zt^ihm ant CtU^t^U. 


Ha dar no move odme h«r« ajein Ibr 

For which that myt, for onght I can 

Tdtmita&on, niibataftataQre. 1470 

911. To shal eek seen, joor flkder shfj 

yow Q^loio 
To been a wyf; and as he can wel preche, 
He thai aom Gveek eo preyie and wel 

That ravinhen he thai yow with his 

■peche, 1474 

Or do yow doon hy force as he shal teohe. 
And T^roilns, of whom ye nil han ronthe, 
Shal oanseles so stenren in his troathe ! 

S1& And oyer al this, jroor fiMler shal 

Us alls, and seyn this eitee nis hat lorn ; 
And that th'assege never shal aryse, 1480 
F6r-why the Grekes han it alle sworn 
Til we be slayn, and doon our walles torn. 
And thus he shal you with his wordes 

That ay drede I, that ye wol bleve there. 

218. Ye shnl eek seen so many a lusty 
knight 1485 

A-mong the Grekes, ful of worthinesse, 
And echo of hem with herte, wit, and 

To plesen yow don al his besinesse. 
That ye shnl dnllen of the mdenesM 
Of ns sely Trojanes, bnt-if ronthe 1490 
Bemorde yow, or vertne of your troathe. 

211. And this to me so greyoas is to 

That fro my brest it wol my soole rende ; 
Ne dredeles, in me ther may not sinke 
A good opinioan, if that ye wende ; 1495 
For-why yoor faderes sleighte wol as 

And if ye goon, as I have told yow yore, 
80 thenk I nam bat deed, with-onte more. 

216. For which, with hnmUe, trewe, and 
pitoos herte, 1499 

A thoasand tymes men^ I yow projre ; 
So reweth on myn aspre peynss smerte, 

And doth somwhat, as that I shal yow 

And lat ns stele awsy bitwise ns tw^j^ ; 
And thenk that folye is, whan man may 

chese, 1504 

For accident his snbstannoe ay to lese. 

216. I mene this, that sin we mowe «r 

Wel stele away, and been to-gider so, 
What wit were it to patten in assay. 
In cas ye sholden to yonr fader go. 
If that ye mighte come ayein or no ? 1510 
Thns mene I, that it were a gret folye 
To pntte that sikemesse in japartye. 

217. And vnlgarly to spoken of snbstannoe 
Of tresoor, may we bothe with ns lede 
Y-nongh to live in hononr and plesaonce, 
Til in-to tyme that we shnl ben dede ; 
And thas we may eschewen al this 

For everich other wey ye can recorde, 
Myn herte, y-wis, may not ther-with 

acorde. 1519 

218. And hardily, ne dredeth no poverte, 
For I have kin and freendes elles-where 
That, though we oomen in oar bare sherte, 
Us sholde neither lakke gold ne gere. 
Bat been hononred whyl wo dwelten 

there. 1524 

And go we anoon, for, as in myn entente, 
This is the bests, if that ye wole assente.' 

219. Criseyde, with a vyk, right in this 
wyse 1527 

Answorde, * y-wis, my dere herte trewe. 
We may wel stele away, as ye devyse. 
And finde swiche nnthrifty weyes newe ; 
Bat afterward, fal sore it wol as rewe. 
And help me god so at my moste node 
As canseles ye safiEren al this drede I 

220. ForthilkedaythatlforcherisBhinge 
Or drede of fader, or of other wight, 1535 
Or for estat, delyt, or for weddings 

Be fals to yow, my Troilns, my knight, 
Satnmes dooghter, Jono, thoragh hir 

As wood as Athamanta do me dwelle 
Etemaly inStiz, thepntofhellat 1540 

^rOtfu« Mi £rteep%<. 

aai. And this on si-ory god celestial 
I Bnqrc it ynw. and eek on nrho BoddOMC. 
On ovpry Nymphe ftnd dait4> iafeniAlp 
On Satiry wid Fsnnr mnrs lUid lerae, 
Thst hiUvB Boddoa been of icildenieBae ; 
And Attropofl my threed of lyf t<KhreBta 
If I be rati; now trove me iftbov l»to ! 

S22. And thon, Simoyii, that 09 an arwe 

Thorueh Troye ranneit ny downward to 

tHe see, 
Bcr witaewa of this word that BOyd it 

bore, I5,si> 

That thdke day tLnt irb untrem be 
To Troilua, myn ownno hcno free, 
That thou rntornc baVwardo to thy welle, 
And 1 iiith body and loiilo siake ia helle ! 

id leten alls your fteendog, god for- 

ir any wonunan, that yo sbolden so, 
id namely, sin Troye hath now B»icJl 

And with what Althnitipottod aholdeba, 
Ne though I livode nn^o tho ^orldea 
Jly Dnm» sholde I never ayeinward 
Thus wb™ I lost, and that wore imiUie 

£27. And ror-thy slee with reson al this 

Men soyD, "the inffraQnt oTentometh," 

Eek " who-Bo wol ban loef, ho leef mot 
lole ; " i-Ss 

By paeienco, and thank (hat lord is ho 
Of fortono ay, that nonght wol of hir 

And she ne dannteth no wight but & 

338. And tnutetli thia, that eertei, hBrt« 

Ztwtu ANt Cri0«|)M. 

MiMmM me not thni cmisles, for TOQthe ; 
Sin (o ba trtwa I have yow pligbt my 

SSL And Uianketli wal, thftt aom tyaie it 

To ipantle a tyme. a tyme for to viiin* ; 
Na, pai'dce, lorn ud I nonght tra I^>1* yit, 
nooch tliat we been a d^ or two 

Dijrf oatthefantacj-etriyirwith-iiiaej 1615 
And trnataUi mo, and leveth oek yvax 

Or hen mr tronthe, I wol not live til 

asa. Forif r««iltehowaore it doth me 

Ta wolde Maae of tbii ; for sod, thoa 

Hm pnie ipirit wapetliinniTiilierte, i6ta 
To aee jow vepea that I love nuwt, 
And that I moot gon to the Orekes oat 
Te, nere it that I wivte mnedye 
To come ayuB, right here I wolde dye I 

833. Bat oert^e, I am not eonyce a wight 
Thftt I ne can imaginon a wi^ iOj6 

To come ayeln that day that I bare hlght. 
For who may holds thing that wol a-way ? 
My fkder nought, for al hii ijnByiite pley. 
And by my thrift, my wending out of 
Tniye i6jo 

Anothsr day ihal toms ni alle to Joyu. 

2U. FoMhy, with al myn haite T yow 

That er that I deliarta&o yow here, 1635 
TbMi of ao good a comfort and a chere 
I may you leaD, that ye may bringe at 

Ityn barte, which that li at point t« 

SB. And ov«r al thia, I pnv TTWi' IDo^ 
ihe tho, 1639 

■ Myn owena ber<«« •oothTait ntflaannca, 
Sin T am thyn al bool, with-ootan me, 
That whyl that I am al«ent, no pteaannee 

Of othore do me fro yoor n 

For I nm ever a-goat, fur-why man rsde. 

That " love ii thing ay fkl of bi^ drede." 

StB6. For in thif world tUer liretb Udy 
noon, 1646 

If that ye were nntrawe, as god delude ! 
That so bitraysed wore or wo bigoon 
Aa I, that alia trontho in yow ectende. 
And dontolei, if that ich other wendo, 
I nere hot deed ; and ar ye canae finde, 
For goddea luva, ao beth me not nn- 

337, To thia aniwerda Tioiloi and aayde, 
' Now god, to whom ther nil no cnnia 
y-wrye, i6m 

Ue glade, aa wia I never nn-to CHie^-de, 
Sin thUke day I saw hir fint with yB, 
Was fall, ne nevor ahal til that I dye. 
At ahorte wordea, wal ye may me lava ; 
I can no more, it ahal be fonnda at preve.' 

£38. ' Grannt mercy, goods myn, y-wii,' 
qnod iho. I Mo 

' And bliafol Veoiu lat me never atem 
Er I may atonde of pleaannca in dsgroe 
To qnyta him wel, that aowelcan Jeocrve: 
And wbyl that god my wit wot me con- 

That ay hononr to me-ward ahal rebounds. 

289. Fop tmatotb wot, that yonr eslaV 

Ne veyn dclyt, nor only worthineeia 

Of yow in warro, or lomey marclal, 1669 

Ne pompe, array, nobley, or eak rioheoia, 

Ne made ma to rewe on yrmr diatreaae ; 
But moral vertne, grounded upon troathe. 
That was the caoae I first hadde t>n yow 

UO. Eeh gtmtil herte and n 


e tbonghto,' ii 


And that ya haddi 

Evory thing that aonnod in-to badd 
and poepliah appetyt ) 
vreson brydlad yonr delyt, 

ttQxtas Anb Crite^t. 


i> m>d«, above 

a ererj- e 


aad «ha, 

, whyl r mny 



. And tlii.m 

ly lengtt 



rcmimblo fort 

ane defaM 


elit may do 


e lorwful to 1io glad, »o yevo m btbco, 


nightM Un, U 



that it may j- 


nnd myn saf- 


d furtth now V 

el, for ty 

me 13 tliKt ye 

. aRor thai they Igngo y-plsyned 

ir grar^a he gan hi 


219. For insnTieB h«ed imAginen ne can, 
Ne ontandeineiiti coniidert, no tonga 

Tho cmel peynpfl of thia sorwful man. 
That iiBUeil ovary tormsnt dmm in 

helle. iSgS 

For whan ha uugh that she na migbte 

Which that hie Bonle oat of hi« herta 

With-onton more, out of the chaombra 
he wente. ijot 

Explicit Libcr Qnartah 


tTrotftie aiA ttUttj^ 


61 War in h» q[iiook, lo gan his heiie 

Wluui Diomeda on hone gan him dreMe, 
And M!7de nn-to him««6]f this ilke sawa, 
'Alias,' qnod he, * thus Ami a wieoohed- 

Whj sainre ioh it, why nil loh it re- 

dresse? 40 

Were it not het at ones for to dye 
Than erer^nore in langonr thus todxye ? 

7. Why nil I make at ones riohe and 

To have y-nongh to done, er that she go f 
Why nil I hringe al Troye npon a Tore? 45 
Why nil I sleen this Diomede also? 
Why nil I rather with a man or two 
Stele hir a-way ? Why wol I this endure? 
Why nil I helpen to myn owene onre ? ' 

8. But why he nolde doon so fel a dede, 
That shal I wyn^ and why him liste it 

spare: 51 

He hadde in herie alwey a maner drede, 
Lest that CriseydOf in nunour of this fare, 
Sholde han ben slayn ; lo, this was al his 

And elles, eerteyn, as I sejrde yore, 55 
He hadde it doon, with-onten wordes 


9. CriseTde, whan she redy was to ryde, 
Fal sorwftilly she sighte, and seyde 

Bat forth she moot, for ought that may 

And forth she rit ful sorwfhlly a pas. 60 
Ther nis non other remedie in this cas. 
What wonder is though that hir sore 

Whan she forgoth hir owene swete herte ? 

10. This Troilos, in yryne of cnrteisye, 
With hanke on bond, and with an hnge 

ronte 65 

Of knightes, rood and dide hir companye, 
Passinge al the valey fer with-oate. 
And ferther wolde han riden, ont of 

Fnl fajm, and wo was him to goon so 

Bat tome he moste, and it was eek to 

donsk 7^ 

11. And right with that was Antenor 

Oat of the Grekes ost, and eyery wight 
Was of it glad, and seyde he was wel- 
And Troilas, al nere his herte light, 
He peyned him with al his ftdle might 75 
Him to with-holde of wepinge at the 

And Antenor he kiste, and made feste. 

12l And ther-with-al he moste his leva 

And caste his eye npon hir pitonsly, 
And neer he rood, his cause for to make. 
To take hir by the honde al sobrely. 81 
And lord ! so she gan wepen tendrely ! 
And he AU softs and sleighly gan hir 

* Now hold yoor day, and dooth me not to 


18. With that his coarser tomed he 
a-boate B,S 

With face pale, and an^ Diomede 
No word he spak, no noon of al his ronti ; 
Of which the sone of T^deas took hede, 
As he that coade more than the crede 
In swich a craft, and by the reyne hir 
hente ; 90 

And Troilas to Tro3re homwarde he wente. 

14. This Diomede, that ladde hir by the 

Whnn that ho saw the folk of Troye 

Thoughte, *al my laboar shal not been 

on ydel, 
If that I may, for somwhat shal I seye. 95 
Fer at the worsts it may yet shorte oar 

I have herd seyd, eek tymos twyfis twelve, 
**He is a fool that wol for-yete him- 

selve." » 

16. Bat natheles this thoaghte he wel 

*That oertaynly I am abonte nonght 100 
If that I speke of love, or make it toagh ; 
For doateles, if she have in hir thoaght 
Him that I g e sse , he may not been 




300 Zvoitun ani CriMpic. [Bw. t. 

8a aona awe; ; bat T lUftl Qitde a menu. 

m. And that j-o mo wolde at y<mx brother 

That Bho not vri(« u yot iIibI what I 

mens.' 105 

And tskath not my frendahip in daspyt ; 

And tiioneh yonr sorwos be for thinses 

16. Tbis Diomede, (U lie tlutt cooUe lila 

grate, .jfl 


Noot 1 not why, hnt out of more wBpyt, 

WUan this was duoD, gun lallcn forth in 

Myn harte hath for lo uoenda it greet 



Of this anit that, and nskoit wbr she 


In awich dirose, and gan hir Mk bbcche, 

Thnt if that Lo encrow mishte or ocho 1 10 

81. And thonRh ye Trujans with ns 

With any thing hir we, that she sholdo 

On>k« wrolliB 

Comannde it him, and seydo ho doon it 

Han niftny a day be, alwoy yet, pardae. 


god of love in Booth we serven botbe. 

And, for the lova of god, my lady free, 

IT. Fnrtrewelr he aWDOrliir, BIB knight, 

Whom so ye hate, as botli not wroth with 

That thsr nas thing with whiohe ha 

ciighle hir ploe. 

For trowdy, thar can no wight yow 

That ho nolila doon hi» feyae nod at his 


might 1 ,< 

That haU » looth yonr wraththe woLie 

To d«)B it, for to d»m hir herio an o». ' 


And prejoila Lir, she wolde hir »orwB 

2a. AndnereitthBtwebecnBDnei^the 

And ftcydo, 'j-viM, wc Gnkta con haTa 

Of CnlkBS, which that Men ns bothe 



^voiftt0 anb Cvtoe^ 


. Ayns tlM god of lov*, Imt him ob«y« 
I wol tiJtwmyf Mid nmo^ I jww piraj^ 

SB. Ther been lo worthy knlghtee in this 
plaoe^ 169 

And ye so fiubr, that e?eirich of hem alle 
Wol peynen him to ttonden in your grace. 
But mighte me eo fkir a grace falle, 
That ye me for your lervaont wolde ealle, 
So loiwly ne eo trewely you serve 
N]lnoonofhem,asldial,till8terve.' 175 

26i Criseide im-to that porpos lyte an- 

As she that was with sorwe oppressed so 
That, in efTect, she nooght his tales lierde, 
Bat here and there, now here a word or 

ffir thooi^te hir sorwftil herte brast 

a-two. 180 

For whan she gan hir ttAw fer aspye, 
Wei neigh donn of hir hors she gan to 


27. Bnt natheles she thonked Diomede 
Of al his travaUe, and liis goode chore, 
And that him liste his fUendship hir to 

bede ; 185 

And she aocepteth it in good manere, 
And wolde do fayn that is him leef and 

And tmsten him she wolde, and wel she 

As seyde she, and from hir hors she 


28L Hir fkder hath hir in his armes nome. 

And tweynty tyme he kiste his donghter 
BwetOy 191 

And seyde, * O dere donghter myn, wel- 
come !' 

She seyde eek, she was &yn with him to 

And stood forth me wet, mildO, and man- 

Bnt here I leve hir with hir fader dwelle. 

And forth I mtoI of Troilns yow telle. 196 

29. To Troye is come this woftil Troilns. 
Tn sorwe aboven alle sorwes smerte. 
With felon look, and face dispitoos. 

Tho sodeinly donn trota his hors he 

sterte, 200 

And thorng^ his paleys, with a swollen 

To chambre he wente ; of no-thing took 

he hede, 
Ke noon to him dar speke a word for 


80. And there his sorwes that he spared 

He yaf an ivne large, and * deeth ! * he 
oryde; 905 

And in his throwes firenetyk and madde 
He cnrsed Jove, AppoUo, and eek Cnpyde^ 
He cnrsed Ceres, Baons, and Cipryde, 
His bnrthe, him-eelf, his fiftte, and eek 

And, save his lady, every creatnre. «io 

81. To bedde he goth, and weyleth there 
and tometh 

In fnrie, as dooth he, Ixion, in helle ; 
And in this wyse he neigh til day so* 

Bat tho bigan his herte a lyte nnswello 
Thomgh teres which that gonnen up to 

welle ; 215 

And pitonsly he crydo np-on Crisej'do, 
And to him-self right thus ho spak, and 

seyde: — 

82. ' Whor is myn owene lady lief and 

Wher is hir wbyto brest, wher is it, 

Wher been hir amies and hir eyen clero, 
That yesternight this tyme with mo 

were? aai 

Now may I wepe allone many a tere. 
And graspe abonte I may, bnt in this 

Save a pilowe, I finde nought t'enbrace. 

88. How shal I do ? Whan shal she com 
ayeyn? 225 

I noot, alias ! why leet ich hir to go ? 
As wolde god, ich hadde as tho be sleyn ! 
O herte myn, Criseyde, O swete fo ! 
O lady mjm, that I love and no mo ! M9 
To whom for ever-mo myn herte I dowe ; 
See how I deye, ye nil me not xeseowe ! 


Zvoitus ant Cmepte. 

Bl. Who soeth yaw new. m; tigbte lode- 
Wbo flit riglit now or atant la your 
WLo can confortan now yoar bortei 


" i am enn, whom 

AVLo Bptkud 

. right now h 


jia, no wight; and that ;i«l my Hire 


wel not I, u yvel as I ye fare. 

Whan I Iho flrsts night Iibto al this 

tene? 140 

Row ahal aha doon eelc, sorwfnl DraatoraF 

For tendemaiae, how ahal ihe thu ms- 

Swicb wo far me? piUint, palo, and 

Shal boon yonr freaahe wommuiliclio l^a 
For langoar, er ya torne nn-to tha 

pUice.' »45 

3fl. And whan ho fil in any alomeringea, 

39. Wiio condo t«U8 arigUt or fill dis- 

plsynta, hii I&agDDr, and hia 

ThoQ, redero, niay»t thy-eelf fol wel 
doTyna ija 

That iwioh a wo my wit can not dsfyna. 
On ydet for to wiyta it aboldu I awinko, 
Whan that my wit I> wucy it to thinks. 

u the 

And whyten gan the orisoDte ihens 

And Phaboa with hia rofy carte tone 
Oan after that to dresM bim ap to bro, 
Whan Troilns hatb sent nfler Fandare. 

11. Thii Pundan, that of al tha day 

Book v.] 

ZtMuf 4M> CthUj^ 


TSio IbmiOyMid of Bijr noolilo tkou dio- 
pone 900 

Bif^t as thoe Mmolh boot k fiir to dona. 

44. Bat of the fyr and flannbo ftmead 
In whiclia my body brennaahal to ^ode, 
Andof thefeatoandpl^yaapalaitcml 904 
At my Tigile, I jpny thee taka food boda 
Tbat al be vol ; and oAro Ifazs mj atode, 
My awezd, myn belm, and, leva brotber 

Uy sbeld to Ftallaa yef, tbat abyneth 

45. Tbe poudxe in wbkb myn berte y- 
brend dial tonie, 

Tbat preye I tbee tbon take and it con- 
aerre 310 

In a veaiel, tbat men elepetb an nrae, 
Of gold, and to my lady tbat I aerre, 
For lore of wbom tbna pitoudy I aterre, 
So yeve it bir, and do me tbis p l ea annc e, 
To preye bir kepe it for a remembrannce. 

46. For wel I fele, by my maladye, 316 
And by my dremea now and yore ago, 

Al oerteinly, tbat I mot nedea dye. 

Tbe owle eek, wbicb tbat bigbt Aacapbilo, 

Hatb after me abrigbt alio tbiie nigbtes 

two. 3^0 

And, god Kercorie! of me now, wofiil 

Tbe aoole gyde, and, wban tbee list, it 

£Dccbe !' 

47. Pandareanawerde,and8eyde/Troiliui, 
Ky dere f^eend, aa I bave told tbee yore, 
That it is folye for to aorwen thoa, 325 
And canaelee, for whiche I can no-more. 
Bat wbo-ao wol not trowen reed ne lore, 

I can not Been in bim no remedyo. 
Bat lete him worthen with his fantaaye. 

48. Bat Troilas, I pray thee tel me now. 
If that thon trowe, er this, that any 

wight 33 1 

Hath loved poramoors aa wol aa thoa? 
Ye, god wot, and fVo many a worthy 

Hath his lady goon a foartenight, 
And he not yot made halvendel the 

fare. 335 

What node is thee to maken al this care? 

49L 8iadajbydi7tbo«iBayittby.Mlfca 

Tbat ftom bia love, or dlea from bia wyi^ 
A man mot twinsfen of neeeadtee, 
Ye, tboogb belove bir aa bia owena lyf ; 540 
Yet nH be with bink^elf tbna maken 

For wel thow woat, my leve brotber ders, 
Tbat alwey freendea nu^ noiii^t been 

60. How doon this folk that seen bir loves 

By freendea mig^t, aa it bi-tit ftil oAe, 345 
And aeon hem in bir spooaes bed y -bedded ? 
Gk>d woot, they take it wysly, fairs and 

Fmvwby good hope bait np bir berte on- 

And for tb^ean a tymeof aorwe endors ; 
As tyme hem hart, a tyma doth bam 

care. 350 

61. So sboldestow endors, and late slyde 
The tyme, and fonde to ben glad and 

Ten dajres nis so long not t' abyde. 
And sin she thee to comen hath bihigbt. 
She nil hir hestes breken for no wight. 355 
For dred thee not that she nil finden weye 
To come ayein, my lyf that dorste I leye. 

62. Thy swevenes eek and al swich fan- 

Dryf oat, and lut hem faren to mis- 

chaance ; 
For they procede of thy malencolye, 360 
That doth thee fele in sleep al this pen- 

A straw for alle swevenes signiflaance ! 
God helpe me lo, I coante hem not a 

Ther woot no man aright what dremea 


63. For prestos of the temple tellon this. 
That dremes been the revelacioans 366 
Of goddes, and as wel they telle, y-wis, 
That they ben infemals iUnsioans ; 
And leohes seyn, that of oomplexioans 
Prooeden they, or fast, or glotonye. 370 
Who woot in sooth thos what they 

signifyo ? 

'Ztoihut an& Cxiet^U. 

111. Eek otli 

t, tiioragh V 

6S. Now ryi, my d 

PB brother Troilna ; 

As if B vngliL liAth faiM a thing in miiide, 
Tliac tlior-of (wmeih Bwicho avisiuoju; 
And othore seyn, aa they in bokaa finda, 
That, aftar tymea of the yeer by kinds, 
Uea ilrcme, and that th'effoct gotli by the 

But 1. 

o dreem, for it ia nought t< 

55. Wei worth of dramea ay thim aide 

And treweliohe esk angaria of tliEse 

foules ; jgo 

For fere of which men woneti lese her 


it hatha 1 

3 and fonl ia. 

Aa ia a man, ahjU dreda awLth ordnraT jS^ 
6B. For wliicli with ol myn liert* I tltM 

Un-to thy -sell' tliat h1 this thon foryive ; 
Aiid r.v5 nil now witb-ontu more apeche. 

To wepe, and in thy bed to jonkec thiu, 
For trowely, of o tiling tmat to me, 4 in 
If thon thna ligga a day, or two, or throe, 
The folk wol wana that thon, fbr 
Ml feynesC >yk, tmd that thon dartt 

80. Thie Troilos anawerde, ' O brother 

Thii kaowan folk that hon y-mSVed 

peyna, 415 

That thongh he wepe and make aorwftil 

That feleth harm and aiaert in eveiy 

No wonder ie ; and thongh I ever ployne, 
Or olwey we[w, I am no-thing to blame, 
Sin I have lost the canae of al my game. 

. Sot Bin of fyno force I moot oryee. 


Zt^Um ciiA CtiUj^ 


Ai ngpdMi botlM tlM BMMto and 6^ the 
l^it^ 440 

Wm iMfTW or that daj wiii si any f aste. 

84. Kor In thisirorid ther ii non initra- 

DeUeioQS, thxon^ windf or toooba, or 

Aa fear M any wi^^t hath erar y-wenii 
Thattoogatellaorhartemajraoorda, 445 
That ai that fMte it naa wttl herd aoorde i 
Ke of ladiaa aak ao fi^r a oompanye 
On dannoe, er tho, waa nerer y-a^jm with 


65. Boi whai a^aylath thia to Troilna, 
That for hia aorwe no-ihinir of i^ Yvnghte? 
For emr in oon his herte pifitona 451 
Fol biaily Criaajrda hia lady aonghte. 

On hirwaa evar al that hia herte thoo^rhte. 
Kow thia, now that, eo fiMte imagininge, 
That glade, y-wia, can him no faateyinge. 

66. Theae ladiaa eek that at thia feate 
been, 456 

Sin that he aaw hia lady waa a-weye, 
It waa hia aorwe npon hem for to aeen. 
Or for to here on inatriiments ao pleye. 
For she, that of his herte berth the keye, 
Waa abaent, lo, this waa hia fantasye, 461 
That no wight sholde make melodye, 

67. Nor ther naa honre in al the day or 

Whan he waa ther-as no wight mighte 

him here, 
That he no sejrde, ' O loftom lady bright. 
How have ye faren, sin that ye were 

here? 466 

Wel-oome, y-wis, myn owene lady dere.* 
But welaway, al this nas but a maae ; 
Fortune his howre entended bet to glase. 

66. The lettrea eek, that she of olde tyme 
Hadde him y-sent, he wolde allone rede, 
An hundred sythe, a-twixen noon and 

pryme ; 47a 

Befiguringe hir shap, hir womanhede, 
With-inne his herte, and every word and 

That passed was, and thus he droof to an 

ende 475 

The ferthe day, and aeyde, he wolde 


60. And aayda, * leva brother Pandamai 
Intendeatow that we shnl har6 bleve 
Til Sarpedoun wol forth oongeyen na ? 
Tet were it fairer that we toke onr lav«k 
For goddea love, lat na now aona at eve 
Onr leva take, and homward lat na tome; 
For trewaly, I nil not thna aojome.' 483 

70. Fandare answerde, *be wo oomea 

To feoohen fyr, and rennen hoom ayayn? 
Gk>d helpe me so, I oan not tellen whidar 
We mighten goon, if I shal aoothly aeyn, 
Ther any wight is of us mora fligm 
Than Sarpedoun ; and if we hennea hya 
Thna sodeinly, I holde it vilanye, 490 

71. Sin that we aeyden that we wolde 

With him a wouke,* and now, thna 

The ferthe day to take of him our lave. 
He wolde wondren on it, trewely I 494 
Lat us holde forth our purpos fermely ; 
And sin that ye bihighten him to byde, 
Hold forward now, and after lat us ryde.' 

72. Thus Pandarus, with alio ^yne and 

Made him to dwelle ; and at the woukes 

Of Sarpedoun they toke hir leve tho, 500 
And on hir wey they spedden hem to 

Quod Troilns, ' now god me grace sonde. 
That I may ftnden, at myn hom-comingo, 
Criseyde comen ! ' and ther-with gan ho 


78. ' Ye, haael-wode !' thoughte thii Pan- 
dare, 505 
And to him*«elf to! aoftely he seyde, 
* God woot, refreyden may this bote fare 
Er Calkas sonde Troll us Criseyde !' 
But natheles, he japed thus, and seyde. 
And swor, y-vris, bis herte him wel 
bihighte, 510 
She wolde oome as sone as ever she 

74. Whan they un-to the paleys were 

Of Troilns, they doun of bora alighte, 

Zvoihf Mi ttti^t^U. 

to ths chdmbre hir wey tluin han 

into tymo thnt it gun to nighto, jij 
y srakou of CrisGydu tLs briglita. 

oAer ihia, v/haa tliat h«m botha 
f gpcdila liem tro the loper an-tti 

75. On 

m day bigan 

This TroQiu pin of I1I4 sleep t'ttbroyde, 5=0 
And 10 Pan dare, Jiia owena brother dero, 
'For tova of god/ fnl piCoiuly Lq uyde, 
' Aa go wo leeii the peleyi of CrLwyda ; 
For Bin wo yet mny hiiTo namoro (eeUi, 
So lat lu loen liir pale}-a nt tba leste.' s>S 

"8. And tbei-witli-al, hit meynsa for to 

A canae he fuud in toono for to so, 
And to CriMydoa hou9 they gonnsn wendo. 

Yet, BID I nuiy no bot, fnfn wolde I kisso 
Thy colde dorei, donte I for tliil roate ; 
And tlm-n'sl sbryne, of whioli Ilis »yut 

80, ThoiH.withhoca«teonPnnd«mslii»T8 
With diancged &ce. and pitoiu tn hih olds} 
And whan ho migblo hii tyma aright 
aepye, sjS 

Ay M hfl rood, to Pandnraa bo toldo 
His naws sorwo, and oek bis jojM oldo, 
So pitoTuly and with ao dedo an how«, 
That every wight migb to oo hi 3 sorw re wo, 

I. Fro thannesfort 
And ertry thing e 

e rydeth np and 

Book v.] 

^totftuK atA €vt0^be« 


Sin I am ihyi^ and hooUy tit ihj wille? 
What joy haatoir thyn owane folk to 
spilU? 588 

86. Wei hastow, lord| 7-wrok6 on me ihyn 

Tlioa mightygod, and dxedftil for to greve I 
Now merey, lord, thon woet wel I desire 
Thy grace most, of alleloeteelere. 59a 
And lire and deye I irol in thy bileve ; 
For which I n'axe in guerdon but a bone, 
Thai thoa Criwyde ayein me aende lone. 

80. Diafcreyne hir herte as faste to retome 
Aa thou doet myn to longen hir to aee ; 
Than wooi I wel, that ehe nil not ■ojome. 
Now, blisM lord, so omel thon ne be 
Un-to the blood of Troye, I preye thee, 600 
Aa Juno was on-to the blood Thebane, 
For which the folk of Thebea canghte hir 

87. And after thii he to the yates wente 
Ther-aa Criaeyde out-rood a tul good paaf, 
And up and doun ther made he many 

a wente, 60s 

And to him-eelf All oile he leyde 'alias ! 
From hennes rood my blisse and my solas ! 
As wolde blisfol god now, for his joye, 
I mighte hir seen ayein come in-to Troye. 

88. And to the yonder hille I gan hir g3rde, 
Alias ! and there I took of hir my leve ! 
And yond I saugh hir to hir fader ryde. 
For sorwe of which myn herte shal to- 

deve. 615 

And hider boom I com whan it was eve ; 
And here I dwelle out-cast from alle joye, 
And shal, til I may seen hir eft in Troye.' 

89. And of him-self imagined he ofte 
To ben defet, and pale, and waxen lease 
Than he was wont, and that men seyde 

*What may it be? who can the sothe 

gesse 6jo 

Why Troilns hath al this hevinesse ?' 
And al this nas but his malencolye, 
That he hadde of him-self swich fantasye. 

90. Another tyme imaginen he wolde 
That every wight that wente by the weye 

Had of him ronthe, and that they seyen 
sholde, 6a6 

* I am right sory Troilus wol deye.' 
And thus he droof a day yet forth or tweye. 
As je have herd, swich lyf right gan he lede, 
As he that stood bitwixen hope and drede. 

91. For which him lyked in his songes 
she we 631 

Th^encheson of his wo, as he best mighte, 
And make a song of wordes but a fewe, 
Somwhat his wofVil herte for to lighte. 
And whan he was from, every mannes 
sighte, 6^s 

With softe voys he, of hit lady dere. 
That was absMit, gan singe as ye may hero^ 

92. * sterre, of which I lost have al the 

With herte soor wel oughte I to bewayle, 
That ever derk in torment, night by night, 
Toward my deeth with wind in stere I 
sayle; 641 

For which the tenthe night if that I fayle 
The gyding of thy hemes brlghte an houre, 
My idiip and me Caribdis wol devoure.' 

98. This song when he thus songon hadde, 
sone 645 

He fil ayein in-to his sykes olde ; 

And every night, as was his wone to done, 

He stood the brighte mono to beholde. 

And al his sorwe he to the mono tolde ; 

And seyde, * y-wis, whan thou art homed 
newe, 650 

I shal be glad, if al the world be trewe ! 

94. I saugh thyn homes olde eek by the 

Whan hennes rood my righte lady dere, 
That cause is of my torment and my sorwe ; 
For whiche, O brighte Lucinathe clere, 655 
For love of god, ren faste aboute thy spere ! 
For whan thyn homes newe ginne springe, 
Than shal she come, that may my blisse 
bringe !' 

95. The day is more, and lenger every 

Than they be wont to be, him thongbto 
tho; 66n 

^lotfua aiii CviBtjabe. 

kod lliBt lliB sonna wenlo his 

And that lilsfAdresca 

tledryvB.* 66^ 

VS. UpoD die wulloa taiUs ech waUa he 

And on iho Qroltea ost ho woldo aeef 
And to him-nll right thus lis wolds tulko, 
' Lo, roQdor is tnjn owcna lady free, 
Or biles yonder, thor tho tontca be ! 67a 
And thcniiBS cumth this ejr, tlut ii so 

Tbnl in my souls I felo it doth me bote. 

tiT. And hu-dely thUviud, that moreimd 

TliSB stoundsmolo cncresoth in lay face, 
III of my Isdyel licpe Ij-kos aura. 675 

Of al this tfliui, siiTeonliche in thll space, 
Pels I no wind that souoatfa so )yk peyne ; 
It scyth, '■ nllAa ! why twinned b« wb 

My TroilDs tbtX In hb hert« dema 697 
Thnt I am fnls, Mid H it laay wo] »eme. 
Tlinfl shol I have nnthank on cv&ry tydo ; 
That I vnu bom, so woyUwoy the tydo ! 

101. And if that I me pntta in jnpartye. 
To stele Bwey bj cighlv, and it bifolla 
That I be caoght, I ebal ba holds a ipye ; 
Or ellea, lo, tliii drede I most of alls. 
If in the hondsi of aocn wrecche I fUla, 
I am bnt loat, al be myn herte tiswe ; yoS 
Now mighty god, thon on my sorwe rewe 1' 

103. Fnl pale j^waion was bir brighte foce, 
Hir linies li-ne, as aha that al the day 
Stood whtui she dorste, and loked on the 

place 710 

Ther ihe wai born, and ther she dwelt 

hadde ay. 
And al the ntght wepinge, alias I she lay. 
And thvu deepeirod, ont of alia etire, 
She ladde hir lyf, this wofnl ct 

e a day she sighte eck for 
wente ay porttaj-in 

Book v.] 

mA Cme^be. 


Bmw I had olio willi-iiiiio jonderirmllM! 
O Tkoihtf, whai doitow now,' the wtiy^ ; 
* Lord ! whottior yii thoa thaike np-on 
> 735 

106L AUmI Inebiiddo trowed on your lore, 
And wentwith jow, m je me rsdde ear this ! 
Who mighte have leiyd, that I had doon 

To fiele awej with iwich on as he is? 740 
But al to late oometh the letnarie. 
Whan men the oon on-to the grave oarie. 

107. Tolateienowtofpekeofthiematere; 
Pmdenoe, aUai ! oonofthyneyen three 
lie lakked alwey, er that I cam here ; 745 
On tjme y-paeaed, wel remembred me ; 
And preeent tjme eek oonde I wel y-eee. 
But ftitor tyme, er I was in the enare, 
Conde I not leen ; that oaoeeth now my 


106. Bnt natheles, bityde what bitydo, 
I shal to-morwe at night, by est or westOf 
Oat of this ost stele on som manor syde, 
And go with Troilas wher-as bun leste. 
This pnrpos wol I holde, and this is beste. 
Ko fors of wikked tonges janglersre, 755 
For ever on love ban wrecches had envye. 

109. For who4o wole of every word take 

Or rewlen him by every wigbtes wit, 
Ke shal he never tbryven, ont of drede. 
For that that som men blamen ever yit, 
Lo, other maner folk commenden it. 761 
And as for me, for al swioh variannce, 
Felicitee clepe I my saflBsannoe. 

110. Forwhich,with-oatenanywordeBmo, 
To Tro3^ I wol, as for conolasionn.* 765 
Bat god it wot, er folly monthes two, 
She was ftd fer fro that enteneioon. 

For bothe Troilas and Troye toon 

Shal knotteles through-oat hir herte 

For she wol take a purpos for t*abyde. 770 

Itl. This Diomede, of whom yow telle 

Ooth now, with-inne him-eelf ay arguinge 

With al the sleighte and al that ever he 

How he may best, with shortest taryinge, 
In-to his net Criseydes herte bringe. 775 
To this entente he coude never fyne ; 
To fisshen hir, he le3rde out hook and lyne. 

112. But natheles, wel in his herte he 

That she nas nat with-onte a love in Troye. 
For never, sithen he hir thennes broughte, 
Ne ooude he seen her laughe or make 

joye. 781 

He niste how best hir herte for t'aooye. 

* But for t'assaye,* he seyde, * it nought 

ne greveth ; 
For he that nought n'assi^eth, nought 

1 18. Tet seide he to him-solf upon a night, 

* Now am I not a fool, that woot wel how 
Hir wo for love is of another wi^t. 
And here-up-on to goon assaye hir now ? 
I may wol wite, it nil not been my prow. 
For wyse folk in bokes it expresse, 790 
'* Menshalnotwoweawightinbevinesse." 

Hi. But wbo-so mighte winnon swich 

a flour 
From him, for whom she mometh night 

and day, 
He mighte seyn, he were a conquerour.' 
And right anoon, as he that bold was ay, 
Thoughte in his herte, * happe, how happe 

may, 79<5 

Al sholde I dejre, I wole hir herte seche ; 
I shal no more lesen but my speche.* 

115. This Diomede, as bokes us declare. 
Was in his nodes prest and corageous ; 
With Sterne voys and mighty limes square. 
Hardy, testif, strong, and ohevalrous 

Of dedes, lyk hU fader Tideua 

And som men seyn, he was of tunge large ; 

And heir hewas of Calidoine and Arge. 8u5 

116. Crisejrde mene was of hir stature, 
Ther-to of shap, of £sce, and eek of chore, 
Ther mighte been no fairer creature. 
And ofte tyme this was hir manere. 

To gon y-trsMed with hir heres dore 810 

Ztoitai ani Crisepbc 

nd, «avohir browes joyneden y-ftro, 
lU no lok, in ought I can eipyon ; 
r to jpekon of hir eyen clen, 815 
■wcly, they wrjton llmt hir lyen, 
'«radj-« «tood formod in hir j-fln. 
ith Mr rlcho benaleo oTar-moro 
ove ia liir, Df which of liom wu 

118, Sho sabre wu, oek simple, and wya 

The Iwsto y-noriesbod eek that miglilflbo, 
And Rfflidly of hir epeclio in gpnoral, 
Cbariublo, eetatlicho, lusty, and free ; 

11D. And TroiloEiral waxen was in bigbte, 
And complct fannsd by propantonn 
So wcJ, thatkindcit not amendcnnughte; 
Yong, freeaho, stnjni?, and banly aa lyoun ; 
Trewe as iteol la ech condieinoo ; 8] ■ 
>f the bc<tB entechcd 

And forth tbey ipoke of this a 

123. Ho gan flirt fallon of Uu werre In 
apoeho 855 

BItwixo horn and the folk of Tmyi toun ; 
And of th'UBcea bo gan hir ceh byseche, 
To telle bim what waa liir opininati. 
Fro that demaundo bo wo doscendeth doaa 
To lukon hir.if that hiritrannee thoogbta 
The Gieke* gyse, and wcrket that they 
trrougbto t 661 

ISi. And vhy hir fader tarioth eo longv 
To wedden hir un-to som worthy wight 7 
Ciiseydo, that wna in hir peynea MronKB 
For lovB of Troilna, hir uwone knight, 865 
conning hadda up 



^t^itum Mb ttuujiU* 


Vor al 11m fidd biMbna loiino and aee. 
Ttnatoth wsl, Mid undtnlQiideth me, 
Hmt ahal not oon to mairoj goon on-ljve, 
Al w«r» ho lord of woKldM twjBs iyve I 

12s. Swich wreche on horn, for feoching 

of Blflgme, 890 

Tlior ghal bo take, or that wo hennes 

Thai Manoi^ idiich that goddes ben of 

Shal been agaet that Gnkee wol hem 

And men dml drede, nn-to the irorldes 

ende, 894 

From hennea-forth to raTisshe any qnene, 
80 cmel thai oar wredhe on hem be sene. 

129. And bat-if Galkaa lede u with am- 

That is to seyn, with donble wordes |lye, 

Swich as men depe a **word with two 

Ye shnl wel knowen that I nonght ne 
lye, 900 

And al this thing right seen it with your 


And that anoon; ye nil not trowe how 

Kow taketh heed, for it is for to done. 

180. What wene ye your wyse fader 

Han yeven Antenor for yow anoon, 905 
If he ne wiste that the citee sholde 
Destroyed been? Why, nayi so mote 

I goon! 
He knew ful wel ther shal not scapen oon 
That Troyan is ; and for the grete fere, 
He dorste not, ye dwelte longer there. 910 

131. What wole ye more, liubom lady 

Lat Troye and Troyan fro jroor herte 

pace t 
Vryf out that bittre hope, and make good 

And clepe ayein the beantee of your iaoe. 
That 3re with salts teres so de&oe. 915 
For Troye is brought in swich a jnpartye, 
That, it to save, is now no remedye^ 

182. Andthenkethwel,yeshalinGxekefl 

A more parfit love, er it be night, 
Than any Troyan is, and more kinde, 9J0 
And bet to serven yow wol doon his 

And if ye vonohe saof, my lady bright, 
I wol ben he to serven yow my-selve, 
Te, lever than be lord of Oreoes twelve ! ' 

188. And with that word he gan to waxen 
reed, 925 

And in his speohe a litel wight he quook, 
And oaste a-ssrde a litel wight his heed, 
And stinte a whyle ; and afterward awook. 
And sobreliche on hir he threw his look, 
And seyde, * I am, al be it yow no joye. 
As gentil man as any wight in Troye, 931 

184. For if my faderTydeus,*hessyde, 
* Y-lived hadde, I hadde been, er this. 
Of CJalidoine and Aige a king, Crisoyde ! 
And so hope I that I shal yet, y-wis. 955 
But he was slayn, alias ! the more harm 

Unhappily at Thebes al to rathe, 
Polymites and many a man to scathe. 

185. But herte myn, sin that I am your 

And be^i the ferste of whom I seche 
grace, 940 

To serven you as hertely as I can, 
And ever shal, whyl I to live have space, 
So, er that I departe out of this place, 
Ye wol mo graunte, that I may to-morwe, 
At bettre leyser, telle yow my sorwe.' s)45 

136. What shold I telle hiswordes that he 

He spak y-now, for o day at the meste ; 
It preveth wel, he spak so that Criseyde 
Qraunted, on the morwe, at his requests, 
Fbr to spoken with him at the loste, 950 
So that he nolde spoke of swich matere ; 
And thus to him she seyde, as ye may 
here : 

137. As she that hadde hir herte on 

80 faste, that ther may it noon arace ; 
And straungely she spak, and seyde thus : 

'Zxoitua ant Ctietgti. 

voids btr wiBththfl o 

IDS. That OrekH v 

TroyB wreie, 
If that the; mtghte, I ksowo it 

But it ghal nnt biftdlen as ye Bpeke ; 
And god t»-foru, and fgillier over tli 
I wf»t my falter wyB and rwiy jb ; 
And that hs m.^ hath bought, as ; 

Faittuntcr, tbanno so U lifipp«n nu^, 
That wban I >ee that I never er say, 
Tiian wDle I werke that I never wronghte ! 
This word to yow y-coaKb TOfl;ra«n 

113. To-mome eek wol I spake with yaw 

60 that ya toachsn nought at this niatero. 
And whan yow list, yo may eome here 

And, er ye gon, tlios mncHs I seye yaw 

139. That Grek< 


more un-to him holds. 

i beon of heigli c«a-> 

bnt certeini men shal 

Ab worthy folk with-inne Troye tonn. 
As coaning, and as parfit and aa kinda, 
As been bitwiten Orcadea and Inde. 971 
And Uiat yo conde wb! your lady serve, 
I trowe cek wel, hir thank for to dewrve. 

Aa helpe me F 
If that I ahold 
It sbolde be yc 

with liir beres olero, 
uiy Qreek ban Toatlie, 
alven, by my tronthe I 

11^ I Boy not therfore that I wol yow 

Ne I Bcy not nay, bnt in conoloaionn, 
I mtsnn wel, by god that sit above : '— 
And' thor-with-al sho casts hir oyen 

And gan !« syke, and Boydo, ' O Xroya 


^^itM atA Ctuftjjbt. 


HifgiMi «•!■*» aai peril cftiMtooB, k»s 
And that dia tvM alloiia and hadde n«da 
or fireendw hdlp; aai thus Ugaa to 

Th« oaQM why, the tothe for to telle, 
That she tok taOj pnxpoe im to dweUe. 

liSL The monre oom, and gooetly for to 
■peke, lojo 

This Diooaede le oome im-to Gris^yde, 
And ihortlj, lest that ye my tale brcJie, 
So wel he for him-selTe spak and seyde. 
That alle hir qrkes sore adonn he l^rde. 
And fynally, the sothe for to seyne, 1035 
He refte hir of the grete of al hir peyxie. 

149. And after this the stoxytellethns, 
That she him yaf the foire baye stede, 
The which he ones wan of Troilus ; 
And eek a broche (and that was litel 

nede) 1040 

That Troilns was, she yaf this Diomede. 
And eek, the bet from sorwe him to 

She made him were a pencel of hir sieve. 

150. I finde eek in the stories elles-where, 
Whan through the body hart was Dio- 
mede 1045 

Of Troilns, tho weep she many a tore, 
Whan that she saogh his wyde wonndes 

blede ; 
And that she took to kepen him good 

And for to hele him of his sorwes smerte. 
Men seyn, I not, that she yaf him hir 

herte. 1050 

151. But trowely, the story t«lleth us, 
Thor made never womman more wo 
Than ihe, whan that she falsed Troilns. 
She seyde, * alias ! for now is clene a*go 
My name of troathe in love, for ever-mo ! 
For I have falsed oon, tho gentileste 
That ever was, and oon tho worthieste ! 

162. Alias, of me, un-to the worldes ende, 
Shal neither been y-writen nor y-songe 
No good word, for thise bokes wol me 
shende, 1060 

O, rolled shal I been on many a tonge ! 

Throui^i-oiit the world my belle shal be 

And wommen most wol hate me of alle. 
Alias, that swich a cas me sholde fidle ! 

168. They wol seyn, in as mnche as in 
me is, 1065 

I have hem doon dishonour, weylawey ! 
Al be I not the firsts that dide amis, 
What helpeth that to do my blame aw^? 
Bnt sin I see there is no bettre way, 
And that to late is now for me to rewe, 
To Diomede algate I wol be trewe. 1071 

161. Bat Troilns, sin I no better may. 
And sin that thas departen ye and I, 
Yet preye I god, so yeve yow right good 

As for the gentileste, trewely, 1075 

That ever I say, to serven feithftdly. 
And best can ay his lady hononr kepe :'— 
And with that word she brast anon to 


155. *And certes, yow ne haten shal I 

And freendes love, that shal ye han of * 
me, iu8o 

And my good word, al mighte I liven over. 

And, trewely, I wolde sory be 

For to seen yow in adversitee. 

And giltelees, I woot wel, I yow love ; 

Bat al shal passe; and thas take I my 
love.* 1085 

156. Bat trewely, how longe it was bi- 

That she for-sook him for this Diomede, 
Ther is non anctor telleth it, I wene. 
Take every man now to his bokos hede ; 
He shal no terme finden, oat of drcde. 
For thoagh that he bigan to wowe hir 
Bone, 1091 

£r he hir wan, yet was ther moro to done. 

157. Ne me no list this sely womman 

Ferther than the story wol devyse. 
Hir name, alias ! is pablisshed so wyde, 
That for hir gilt it ooghte y-now soffyse. 
And if I mighte excuse hir any wyse, 

Zv^itus ant Ctitt^t. 

a Rfein, bat laago m^ thoy 

Id6. This TtoUtis, tie I bLfonx liare told, 
Thus diyreth foHb, aa wd as he hsth 

might. MOi 

But often was liU hortB hoot nnd oold, 
And aaraely, th&t ilko nynthc night, 
Which on the roorwo she hidiio him 


Iu9. The I&urer4TDiined Fhabm, vith bis 

Gon, £□ his ooorsQ 03^ apwud 09 he WB 

16a. Qnod Tioilas, 'I see wd now, that 
BhB I13S 

la Uuiod with hir oldo fadsr ao, 
ThAt or she Dome, it vol neigh avea bo. 
Com forth, I vol nn-to the yate go. 
Thiie portonisboon unkonninge eTOr-mo) 
And I wol doon hera haldea up the ;at» 
As uonKht ce were, al-tbough she come 
Iste.' 1141 

1S4. The dit; goQi fwte, and gjter that 

And for Itis heed over the wal ho loyde. 
And Bt the lasts he tamed him, and 
seydtf, 1 146 

' By god , I woot hir memiig nnw, Pan due ! 

Boos v.] 

ZtoitM anh Crtee^^. 


Tbat in mynlieiie I now ngoyie thus. 
It is ajein aom good I havo a thought. 
Nooi I not how, bat nn th*t I was 

K« felte I iwich a oonfort, dar I aegre ; 
She oomth to-night, my lyf, that donte 

168. Fandare aniwezde, * it may bo wel, 

y-nongh*; 1170 

And held wiUi him of al that ever he 

Bat in hit herte he thonghte, and softe 

And to him-eelf ftil eobrely he lejde : 
* From haael«wode, ther Joly Bobin plegrde, 
Shal oome al that that thoa abydest 

here; 1175 

Ye, fkre-wel al the snow of femeyere ! * 

160. ThewardeinOftheyatesgantocalle 
The folk which that with-oate the ysi^a 

And bad hem diyren in hir bestes alle, 
Or al the night they moste bleven there. 
And fer with-in the night, with many 

atere, 1181 

This Troilos gan hoomward for to ryde ; 
For wel l\p seeth it helpeth nought t'a- 


1 70 Bat natheles, he gladded him in this ; 
He thooghte he misoooanted hadde his 

day, 1 185 

And seyde, * I nnderstonde have al a-mis. 
For thilke night I last Criseyde say, 
She seyde, " I shal ben here, if that I 

Er that the mono, dere herte swete ! 
The Lyon passe, oat of this Ariete.** 1190 

171. For which she may yet holdo al hir 

And on the morwe an-to the yate he 

And np and down, by west and eek by 

Up-on the walles made he many a wente. 
But al for nought ; his hope alwsy him 

Uente; 1195 

For which at nighty in sorwe and syhea 

He wente him hoom, with-oaten any 


172. This hope al dene out of his herte 

He nath wher-on now longer for to honge ; 
Bat for the peyne him thooghte his herte 

bledde, 1200 

So were his throwes sharpe and wonder 

For when he saogh that she abood so 

He niste what he jaggen of it mighte. 
Sin she hath broken that she him hi- 


178. The thridde, ferthe, fifbe, sizte day 
After tho dayes ten, of which I tolde, 
Bitwixen hope and drede his herte lay, 
Tot som-what trostinge on hir hestesolde. 
Bat whan he saogh she nolde hir terme 

He can now seen non other remedye, laio 
Bat for to shape him sons for to dye. 

174. Ther-with the wikked spirit, god as 

Which that men clepoth wode jaloasye, 
Oan in him crepe, in al this hevinesse ; 
For which, by-caose he wolde sone dye, 
He ne eet no dronk, for his malencolyo, 
And eek from every companye he fledde ; 
This was the lyf that al the tyme he 

175. He so defet was, that no maner man 
Unnethe mighte him knowe ther he 

wente ; 1220 

So was he lene, and ther-to pale and wan. 
And feble, that he walketh by potente ; 
And with his ire he thas him-solven 

And who4o axed him wher-of him smerte, 
He sejrde, his harm was al aboate his 

herte. 1225 

176. Pfyam ftil olU, and eek his moder 

His bretheran and his fostren gonne him 

t^toifW anb triocjbi. 

WTiy ho to Kwwfnl WM in al bu chere, 
And what thing wu tha canie of al liis 

But ol for noQglit; h< nolds hii cams 

And ao bifcl thnt in hii 
That in a forest fait he wolk tc 

D the bright Boansa hete. 
,y ihij boor, fksta in 

ISl. Allail whylMt I 7<m ttma heBnM 

For which Wei caigh out of my wit I 

Who (hiiJ now trowa on an7 othoa mo? 
Ood wot I wands, O Indy bright, Criwyde, 
That evnr; word waa gospel that ye aaydg 1 
But who ma; bet bigylen, if him liate, 1166 
ThaD ho on whom men wenotb beat to 

1H2. ^Vbat ah&l I doan, my Pandarna, 

I fels now so sborpo a oawe feyne. 
Sin that ther it no nmBdig in this ens, 
Ttmt bet wore it I with cijn hondM 

y day with lyfiny-Belfl nbcndo." 


t^roiftw AiA Cti^tj^ 




fa tUa, rin thoa ooiit wel 


Ufih thoa ahaU wel Mngm it 

To knowo m sooth of thai thou art in 
doBta. 1995 

186L And aaanowwhj; finrthialdarwel 

That if ao ia thai aha vntrowa bo, 
I can not trowo that aho wol wiyte ayoyii. 
And if aha irryto, thou ahalt Ail aona aee, 
Aa whothor aha hath any libeiteo 1300 
To oome ajain, or allaa in aom olanaa, 
If aha bo lot| aha irol aaaigna a oanaa. 

187. Thoa haat not writen hir ain that 

aha wente, 
Nor aha to thoa, and thia I dorato laye, 
Thar may awioh oanao boon in hir en- 

tanta, 1305 

That hardelj thon wolt thy-aelven seye, 
Thnt hir a4>ood the beate ia for yow tweye. 
Kow nryto hir thanne, and thon ahalt 

A aotha of al; ther ia no more to done.' 

186L Aoordedbeentothiaoonoloaioon, 13 10 
And thnt anoon, theae ilke lordet two ; 
And haately ait Troiloa adoon, 
And rolleth in hia herte to and fro, 
How ha may beat diaciyren hir hia wo. 
And to Griaeyde, hia owene lady dere, 1315 
Ho wroot right thna, and aeydo aa ye may 

180. 'Right freaahe floor, whoa I have 

been andahal, 
With-onten part of ellea-where aorvyao, 
With herta, body, lyf, Inat, thought, and 


I, woftil wight, in every hnmUe wyae 1390 
That tonge telle or herte may devyae, 
Aa ofte aa matere ocenpyoth place, 
Me raoomannde nn-to yonr noble grace. 

190. I^keth it yow to witen, aweto herte, 
Aa ye wel knowe how longe tyme agoon 
That ya ma lafta in aapra p<ynaa amarta, 

Whan that ya wante, of which yet bote 
noon 13*7 

Have I non had, bat erer wara bigoon 
Fro day to day am I, and ao mot dwelle. 
While it yow liat, of wele and wo my 
welle! 1330 

191. For which to yow, with dredful 

herte trowe, 
I wryte, aa he that aorwe dryfth to wryte, 
My wo, that every honre enoreaeth newe, 
Complayningo aa I dar or can endyte. 
And that deikoed ia, that may ye wyte 1335 
The terea, which that fVo myn oytn reyne. 
That wolde apeke, if that thay coade, and 


19S. Yow flrat biaeohe I, that yoar ayan 

To look on thia defoaled ye not holde ; 
And over al thia, that ye, my lady dore, 
Wol Tonche-aanf thia lettre to biholde. 1 34 1 
And by the caoao ook of my carea milde. 
That alooth my wit, if oaglit amia ma 

For-yeve it mo, myn owene awete herta. 

103. If any soryant donte or onghte of 

riprht I. us 

UpK>n hia lady pitonily comple3mo, 
Than wene I, that ioli onghto 1>e that 

Conaiderod thia, that ye tlioio monthna 

Han tariod, thor ye loydon, ihN>th to 

Bnt dayo> ton yo noldo in oat Hojonmo, i^^p^t 
Dot in two montliet yet yo not rotonrnoi 

194. Bat for-aa-mncho aa me mot nodiia 

Al that jow liat, I dar not ploynn mnni, 
Bat hnmblely with aorwAil iiykoa aykn ; 
Yow wryte ich myn nnreaiy iorwea acre. 
Fro day to day de^ring ovor-more 1356 
To knowen fViUy, if your wil it wore. 
How yo ban ford and doon, whyl ye be 

195. The whoa wel-fkre and halo eek god 
encroaM 1359 

In honoor iwlch, that upward in degree 

troths ant Crtse^. 

[Book V. 

It gTOwe Blwey, » th»t i 
Bielit as yonr herto ay c 
Davyse, I prey tn god so 
And BTOunto it tlist ye Bono np-on mo 

ly lady free, 

iw lyketh knowen nf the ilira 
wo tlier may no inglit Ji»- 

™lmt, t 

Vt wrytingo of tliij lattxo I vam ou-lyre. 
Al reJy ont my wofol goal la ilryvo; 1370 
Wliioh I didaye, and bolde liim yet in 

TpoD iha eight of mature of yoni lands. 

197. Myn iyen two, in veyn with wkioh 

Of eocwef^il terea tultii am wuen weUe« ) 

My "ong, in pleynte of myn advendtea ; 

My good in harm ; myn oao eek wuan 

h«Uo is. i37« 

iw nought 


is, for «hi( 

ly lyf I wuie, 

For though to mo yoar absence ii kq belle, 
With paoianoe I wol my wo MmportB, 
And with yonr lettro of hope I wol 

Now wi:yt«th, awete, uid lat mo thiu not 


ploy no 

ir death, dellvereth me fro 

201. T-wi«, myn owena dero hert« trewe, 
I woot that, whan ye next np-on me n«, 
Boloathavelmyn hala and aeic myn hewe, 
Crueydo ihal nought conno knova me I 
Y-wis, myn hertoe day, my Udy frea, 1405 
So thQivt«th t^ myn hertfi to biholde 
Your beaotaa, that my lyf uuDetho 1 holds. 

aoa I my no more, al have 1 for to aaye 
To yon wal more than I telle may ; 1409 
Bat whether that ye do me live or deye. 
Yet pny I god, so yeve yow right good day. 
And Ikretb wel. goodly fayre frosabo may, 
Aaye that lyf ordooth memayoomaandai 
And to your troatbe ay I mo recomaoada 


Tm ig ininf i ay thai 

oidof Ids 

907. lU0 4n«n,<tfvUohItold]i«f»«dc 

]fagrii0f«r eomsoiii oflili xvnambnnmfle ; 
He tlioii^ile aj wel be hadde Us lady 
lorn, 1445 

And that Jotm, of his porrcjaimea, 

■hewad hadde in alaep the aignifi- 

Of hir nntroitthe and his dia av e nton >, 
And thai the boor was shewed him in 


90a For which he for SibOle his soster 
sente, 1450 

Hist called was Gassandze eek al alxmte ; 
And al his dreem he tolde hir er he stente, 
And hir bisonghte assoilen him the donte 
Of the stronge boor, with tnskes stonte ; 
And fynaUy, with-inne a litel stoonde, 
Oasaandre him gan right thus his dreem 
erpoonde. 1456 

200. She gan first smyle, and seyde, * O 

brother dere. 
If thoa a sooth of this desyrest knowe, 
ThoQ most a fewe of olde stories here, 
To pnrpos, how that fortune over^throwe 
Hath lordes olde ; throngh which, wlth- 

inne a throwe, 1461 

Thoa wel this boor dialt knowe, and of 

He oomen is, as men in bokes findsk 


whkk thar earn, this boor ti 


A mm^^ 

con of this world the 



igra, lord of that eoBtnai 


so this fiesriie majdan firee 


That with his manhod, er he wolde all 


Thia boor he sknr, «Dd hir the heed ka 

212. Ofwhieh,asoldebQka8taIlen«^ 
Ther voos a oontek and a greet en^ye; 
And of this locd deaoended Tydeas 1480 
By ligne, or elles olde bokes lye ; 
Bat how this Mnlciaci" gsn to dye 
Thorngfa his moder, wol I yow not telle, 
For al to long it were for to dwells.* 

[ArfftmaU oftkeia Booka A/Statini^ 

AaK)ciat profngnm Tideo primu§ Polimi- 

Tidea legatnm dooet inmdiasqne aeeundua ; 
Terdui Hemoniden canit et vates lati* 

Quartus habet reges inenntes prelia sep- 

tem; 4 

Mox ftirie Lenne quhUo narratnr et angnis ; 
Arohimori bnstom texto ladiqne legnntnr ; 
Dat Graios Thebes et vatem §eptimu$ 

Odauo oecidit Tideiu, ipos, vita Polasgis ; 
Tpomedon nono moritnr com Partho- 

nopeo; 9 

Fnlmine peronssns, dseimo Capanens 

snperatnr ; 
Vndseimo sese perimnnt per vnlnera 

Arginam flentem nanrat duodtnu$ et 

ignem. it 

^roifue ant CviBt^it. 

a toldn t>ek bow Tr<len 

213, f 

Un-lo tha atroufCB oitee of ThsbM, 
To oloi-ma kingiJoni of the oitee, weoM, 
For hi> feUwo, ilann FolrmitsB, 
or which the brother, dmin EthroclM, 
Fal wrungrulty of Thabei b«ld tha 
Btrengtlie ; 1490 

Tliia tulde she by procei, al hy leDgtlie. 

2U. ShotoliiceekhowHamonideBMterte, 
Whan Tydeiw slough fiftjltiiightssitoato. 
She toIdD ocli el tha prophosj'ea br herte, 
And how that sevens kingos, with hir 
toQta, 149s 

Biacgeden the oitee kI sbonto ; 
And of the holy aorpent, and the walle, 
And of the furlea, al she E^n him telle. 

215. Of Arohinioria biurtuKe tuid the 

And how Amphioraic fll through the 

gronnde, tjoo 

How Tydena woa tiajn, lord of Argejwi, 
And how Ypomedonn In litol Btoundo 
Wm drej'nt, and deed Parthonope of 

aie. 'ThOD uyit nat loath,' qnod ha, 

With al tby false gooit of propbeaye ! i5Jt 
ThoD wonoBt been ■ grcel devynoresae ; 
Now seeitoo not this fool of ikntaiya 
Poyneth hir on Udyei for to lye J 
Away,* quod be, ^ thar Jovai yeve thea 
»rwe ! iSH 

Tbon slialt be fala, paranntor, yet to- 

S19. Aa wsl thon mighteat lyan on Alceate, 
That *M of croaturaa, hut men lye. 
That ever woreo, kindest and the beile. 
For ivhftnno Mr houibonda wu in ju- 

party 8 ijjo 

To dye him'salf, bnt-if aha woldo dye. 
She cfaeei for him to dye and go to 

And storf uioon, ■■ ns the bakes telle.' 

SSO. Casiandie goih^ and be with cmel 

For-yat hia wo, for angre of hir spooha ; 

Zt^UoM Mt 4X9e^ 


SB. IbrwUfihmethiiikMtlievwyiiumsr 

iHi^ 1555 

X1mi4 ]u«Bft«fth ttmiMi oof^bilbb to Uwajle 
Hie daeth of him that wm to noUo 

F<» M lie drongli a king by tli'aTeiitayle, 
Unwar of this, Achilles thxoogh the msylo 
And through the body gan him for to 
'^ «yve; i5<5o 

And thus this worthy knight was brought 

of lyre. 

284. Eor whom, as olde bokes tellen ns, 
Was maad swioh wo, that tooge it may 

not telle; 
And namely, the sorwe of Troilns, 1564 
That next him was of worthiness welle. 
And in this wo gan Troilns to dwelle, 
That, what for sorwe, and love, and for 

Fal ofte a day he bad his herte breste. 

99B. But naiheles, though he gan him 
dispoyre, 15^ 

And dradde ay that his lady was mitrewo, 

Yet ay on hir his herte gan repeyre. 

And as these loveres doon, he songhto ay 

To gete ayein Criseyde, bright of hewe. 

And in his herte he wente hir excnsinge, 

That Calkas causede al hir taryinge. 1575 

226. And ofte tyme he was in pnrpos 

Him-selven lyk a pilgrim to difigyse, 
To seen hir ; but he may not contrefete 
To been nnknowen of folk that weren 
wyse, 1579 

Ke flnde excuse aright that may BnfTyse, 
If he among the Grokes knowen were ; 
For which he weep fed ofte many a tore. 

227. To hir ho wroot yet ofte tyme al 

Fnl pitously, he lefto it nought for slouthe, 
fiiseching hir that, sin that he was trewe, 
•f-She wolde como ayein and holde hir 

troathe. 1586 

For which Crisoyde up-on a day, for 

I take it so, tonchinge al this matere, 
Wrot him ayoin, and Be3ale as 3ro may 


228. * Cnpydes sone, enaample of goodli- 
hede, 1590 

swerd of knighthod, sours of gentilesse ! 
How mighte a wight in torment and in 

And helelees, yow sonde as yet gladnesse? 

1 hertelees, I eyke, I in distresse ; 1594 
Sin ye with me, nor I with yow may dele, 
Tow neither sonde ich herte may nor hole. 

229. Tonr lettres ftd, the papir al y- 

Ck>nseyved hath myn hertes pidtee ; 
I have eek seyn with teres al depejmted 
Tour lettre, and how that ye reqneren me 
To come ayein, which yet ne may not be. 
But why, lest that this lettre fonnden 
were, i6oa 

No menoioun ne make I now, for fisre. 

280. Orevous to me, god woot, is your 

Tonr haste, and that, the goddes or- 
denannoe, 1605 

It semeth not ye take it for the bests. 

Nor other thing nis in your remem- 

As thinketh me, but only yonr plesannoe. 

But both not wrooth, and that I yow 
biseche ; 1609 

For that I tarie, is al for wikked speche. 

281. For I have herd wel more than I 

l^mchinge ns two, how thinges ban y- 

Which I shal with dissimulinge amende. 
And beth nought wrooth, I have eek 

nnderstonde, 1614 

How ye ne doon but holden mo in hondo. 
Bnt now no fori, I can not in yow gosse 
But alle tronthe and alio gentilesse. 

282. Comen I wol, bnt yet in swicli dis- 

I stonde as now, that what yeer or what 

That this shal be, that can I not apoyntei 
But in effect, I prey yow, as I may, i6ai 
Of 3rour good word and of your frondship 


ZvoOne mA CviatgU. 

233. Yet preyo 1 yow OQ jrel j-e no take, 
That it ja short ffhicli Uiet I to yov 

I dKr Dot, tbvr T nm, yrtl lottrei moke. 
Nb nevar yet na conda t wal Bnclyte. 
Eck ereet effect man nrytfl in plaoe lyte, 
Tii'antantG i3 a.i, and nonglit tlio lottrea 

space ; 1630 

And foretii uorr tral, god hare fon in bia 


La voatre C' 

c tbang)i(« ol 

This Tniilns tbia 

nngli, nncl sonreftellr lie 

aiglilo ; 
01 thoDght« ib lyh n 

Bnt fynallj-, ho fiilna trowan mighte i6js 
Tlint Bbe no woldo him huldon that sho 

For with fal >toI wil list him to Ioto 
That loveth we), in swiah eas, Ihangh 
him grave. 

338. As liii that on the ooler fond witb- 
iaue 166a 

A brocbe, tbnt ho Crieeyde ynf that morwe 
That ahe from Troye muate cedes twinue. 
Id remembranncs of Bm and of his lorwe ; 
And Bhe him laydo ayoin hir feyth to 

£89. Ho gooth him hoom, and gaa fnl 

For Fandaxns ; and al this nowa ohaanrfi, 
A^d of this brocbe, ho tohlo him word 

240. Than spnk bo tbna, 'O lady myn 

Whor ia yonr foytb, and wher ■■ yoai 

bihoffte? t6ji 

Whoria yonrloTO, whor is yonrtrontha?' 


tSroiftuK «* €rb^*e. 


MM, TluoBiliiHilflh I AM tkal «!«• out 
oijoar minda 1695 

T« iMB IBS 0Ml» and I B0 flan Bfor hmj, 
Hot al tliia norid, wiUft-in aajn hate ftnde 
P vnlorMi jow a qnactar of a daj ! 
In eoasd tjma I bon naa* m^iroj ! 
Tliai ja, thai doon ma al thk no andora, 
Yafc lofa I beat of any ui a atnr a. 1701 

M4. Kofw god,' quod he, ' me Mnde yet 

Thai I may meten with this Diomede ! 
And trewely, if I have mig^t and space, 
Tet dial I make, I hope, his sydea Uede. 

god,' qnod he, ' thai oogliteet taken hede 
iy> fortheren tanmthe, and wronges to 

pmnyoe, '7^ 

Why niltow doon a vengoamice on this 

246. O Fandare, that in dxemes for to 

Me bhuned hast, and wont art ofte np- 

bieyde, 17 10 

Kow maystow see thy-eelTO, if that thee 

How trewe is now thy neoe, bright Cri- 

In sondry formes, god it woot,* he seyde, 
* The goddes shewen bothe joye and tone 
In slope, and by my dreme it is now sene. 

846. And oertaynly, with-onte more 
speche, 1716 

From hennea-forth, as ferforth as I may, 
Myn owene deeth in armes wol I seche ; 

1 recche not how sone be the day ! 

Bat trewely, Criseyde, swete may, 1730 
Whom I haye ay with al my might y- 

That ye thus doon, I have it nought 


247. This Pandams, that alle these thinges 

And wisto wel ho seyde a sooth of this, 
He nonght a word ayein to him onswerde ,* 
For sory of his frendes sorwe bo is, 1726 
And shamed, for his noco hath doon a-mis ; 
And stent, astoned of these causes twoye, 
As stiUe as stoon : a word no condo he 

Ma Bui ai the laate thus ha spak, and 
■eyde, 1730 

' My brother dare, I may thee do no-mom 

What shnlde I seyn? I hate, y-wis, 

And god wot, I wol hate hir eveimore ! 

And thai thoa me bison^test doon of 
yore, 1754 

Havinge nn-to myn honoor ne my reste 

Bight no reward, I dide al that thee leste. 

249. If I dide ought that mighte lyken 

It is me leef ; and of this treson now, 
Qod woot, that it a sorwe is nn-to me ! 
And dredelees, for hertes ese of yow, 1740 
Bight £Biyn wolde I amende it, wiste I how. 
And tto this world, almighty god I pres^e, 
DeUvere hir sone ; I oan no-more soye.* 

250. Gret was the sorwe and pleynt of 

Bat forth hir coors fortune ay gan to 
holde. 1745 

Criseyde loveth the sone of lydeus. 
And Troilas mot wepe in caroe coldo. 
Swich is this world ; who-so it can bi- 

In echo estat is litel hortes rosto ; 1749 
Qod leve us for to take it for the besto ! 

251. In many cruel batayle, out of dnnlo, 
Of Troilas, this ilko noble knight, 

As men may in these oldo bokos re<lo, 
Was sone his knightbod and his grcto 

And dredelees, his ire, day and night, 1755 
Pal cruelly the Grekes ay abonghto ; 
And alwey most this Diomodo be songhto. 

252. And ofle tymo, I finde that they 
mctto 1758 

With blocly strokes and with wordos groto, 
AssasHnge how hir speres weron whet to ; 
And god it woot, with many a cruel bote 
Gan Troilas upon his helm to-betc. 
But natbeles, fortune it nonght ne wolde, 
Of othereehond that either deyen sbolde.— 

258. And if I haddo y-takcn for to wryto 
The armes of this ilke worthy man, 1 766 

M 2 


^rotftte an^ Crtst^te. 

Than voldo I of his batiullefl eudTta, 
But fur that I to wryte first bigau 
Of liii love, I have myd hh that lean, ij^if 
Ills worthy dedei, irho-ao list hem here, 
Reed Dares, ho cao telle hem alio y-fere. 

231. Bisochingeoveryladybriglitof hewe, 

■yo may hir gill in othoro bokes boo ; 
And Bind li or I wol wrylon, if yow leste, 
Fenelopees troatbo and ^ood AIdbbM. 

SM. So I Bey not this a]-OQ]y for than 

That with hit groto wit and sahtilteo 
Bilrayso yow ! and IhiB eommevotli me 
To spoko, and io effect yow olio I proys, 
Both war of men, and berkenath what 
I aeye ! — i^S 

I. And whan that he i 

s alayn In tt 

His lighte gooat fol blisfuUy is woat 
Up to tho hoIowneasBof tho savBHtb spore, 
In conven lotingv evety elsmeot ; iSio 
Aod thee ha Bangb, with fnl aTyHement, 
The eiratitf stfirres, herkenin^ armoiiye 
Witb sownea folle of heveniih malodys. 

m thennsB fosto he gaji 

SSO. And don 

Thislitel sint of erthe, th&t with tho see 
EnbracBd ia, and folly gan despyaa 
This wmccliDd world, and held si vanil«a 
To reapact of the ployn felicltea 
That ia in hevone above ; and at the laste, 
Thei he was slayn, hia loking donn be 

261. And in hlm-ielf he lough right at 

the wo 
Of hem that wepten for his deeth so fast« ; 
And dampned al onr werk that folwotli bo 
The blicde Init, tho wtu«L Ihat tany not 


t^tOtftl0 AMI ttiB^ffbU 


Hal ■Nirf, and ntm^ and mi in Imitbim 

fVarlMiiillUMniiowi^iidarlMTe, 1843 
Thai wol bit harte al liooUy on him leje. 
And rin he beat to lore ia, and moat maka, 
What nadeAh ftjnad kfaa Ibor to aeka ? 

96Si LohavBiOf FlugrBnaooiaedoldarTtaa, 
Lo hart, what alia hir goddea may ATaille ; 
I«o han, thaaa wxaoohad worldaa appa- 

tjtta ; 1851 

Lo havt, tha ^fn and gnocdon for travaille 
Of Jova, AppoOo^ id Han, of swich 

Lo havt, tha forma of olda olarkea speche 
In poatqr«i if T* bir bokaa aaohe.— 1855 

966L O mcnal Gowar, thia book I directa 
lb thaa, and to the philoeophical Strode, 
lb TOQohan aanf^ thar aada is, to ooraote, 

Of your banignitaea and aelaa gode. 
And to that aothfoat Griat, that atazf on 

rode, i86u 

With al myn harta of meroy ever I preye ; 
And to the lotd right thna I q^eke and 

SQye : 

267. Thou oom, and two, and three, eteme 

Ibat regneet ay in three and two and 

Unoinnunaoript, and al mayst oironm- 

aoisnre, i96s 

Ua from viaible and invisible foon 
Defende ; and to thy mercy, evezychoon. 
So make oa, Jeans, far thy grace, digne, 
Eor love ot mayde and moder thyn 

benignel Amen. 

Explicit Libar Troili at Criaaydia. 



ZU l^ooe of ^amt. 


TIm tenthe day [did«] of Deoemlxre, 

Ibe which, m I can now rememfare, 

I wol yom teUan every daL 6$ 

The InvocatUm, 

But at my ginning, trnffeeih wel, 

I wol maka invooacumn, 

With apeoial devooioon, 

Unto tha god of alepe anoon, 

ThatdwallathinacaTaofatoon 70 

Upon a atreem that oonnth fro Lete, 

That if a flood of helle nnswete ; 

Be^yde a folk men olepe Cimerie, 

Thar depeth ay thia god nnmorie 

With his fllepy thooaand sonea 75 

That alway for to alepe hir wono ia— • 

And to thia god, that I of rede, 

Pr^ye I, that he wol me apede 

lly eweven for to telle aright, 

If every dreemstonde in his might 80 

And he, that mover ia of al 

That ia and waa, and ever shal, 

80 jrive hem joye that hit here 

Of alio that tiiey dreme to-yere, 

And for to stonden alle in grace 85 

Of hir lovee, or in what place 

That hem wer leveet for to atonde, 

And Bhelde hem fro fjiovert and ehonde, 

And fro unhappe and ech diaeso, 

And sende hem al that may hem plese, 90 

That take hit wel, and soomo hit noght, 

Ke hit miademen in her thoght 

Through malicions entonoionn. 

And who-BO, throngh presompcioun, 

Or hate or scome, or throngh envye, 95 

Dispjrt, or jape, or vilanye, 

Miademe hit, preye I Jesus god 

That (dreme he barfoot, dremo he shod), 

That every harm that any man 

Hath had, sith [that] the world began, 100 

BefaUe him therof, or he sterve. 

And graonte he mote hit ful deserve, 

Lo ! With swich a condosioan 

As had of bis avisioun 

Cresns, that was king of Lyde, 105 

That high npon a gebet dyde ! 

Thif prayer shal he have of me ; 

I am no bet in charito ! 

Now herkneth, as I have you sejrd, 
What that I mette, or I abreyd. 110 


Of Decembre the tenthe day. 

Whan hit was night, to slepe I lay 

Bight ther as I was wont to done, 

And til on slope wonder sons, 

As he that wery was for-go 115 

On pilgrimage myles two 

To the oorseynt Leonard, 

To make lythe of that was hard. 

But as I fsleep, me mette I was 
Within a temple y-mad of glas ; lao 

In whiohe ther were mo images 
Of gold, stondinge in sondiy stages, 
And mo rioho tabernacles, 
And with perree mo pinaoles, 
And mo onrions portreytnres, 1J5 

And queynte manor of figures 
Of olde werke, then I saw over. 
For oerteynly, I niste never 
Wher that I was, but wel wisto I, 
Hit was of Venus redely, 130 

The temple ; for, in portrejrtoro, 
I saw anoon-right hir figure 
Naked fletinge in a see. 
And also on hir heed, pardee, 
Hir rose-garlond whyt and rood, 135 

And hir comb to kembo hir hoed, 
Hir dowves, and daun Cupido, 
Hir biinde sone, and Yulcano, 
That in his face was ful broun. 

But as I romed up and doun, 140 

I fond that on a wal ther was 
Thus writcn, on a table of bras : 
* I wol now singe, if that I can, 
The armes, and al-so the man, 
That first cam, through his destinee, 145 
Fugitif of Troye oontroe. 
In Itaile, with ftd moche pyne, 
Unto the strondcs of Lavyno.' 
And tho began the story anoon, 
As I shal telle yow echoon. 150 

First saw I the destruccioun 
Of Troye, through the Greek Sinoun, 
[That] with his false forsweringe. 
And his chere and his losings 
Made the hors broght into Troye, 155 
Thorgh which Troyens loste al hir joye. 
And after this was grave, alias ! 
How nionn assailed was 
I And wonne, and king I*riam y>slayn, 

^6t ^ou0 of Sunt. 


And Politea his Bone, certajm, 
Diipltoi^y, of dim Pimu, 
And next thiit saw I how Vci 

And bad hir Hme Eneiu Rtv ; i 

And how he fledde, and how that ha 
Escaped wcis troia ai the ftm. 


<n his bakke away, 

The whiche AnchiHS in hii honda 
Bar thegoddeaof the londe, 
Thilke that nnbrande were. 

And I saw next, in aUe this ten, 
How Crensa, dann Eneaa wyt, i ; 

Which that he lorede »a his lyf. 
And hir yvnge NiDe InJa, 
And eek Ananias also, 
Ileddea eek with drsry chere, 
That hit wM pitse for lo hare ; i! 

And in b forest, u Uiey wente, 

How CreosB waa y-loet, allaa •, 

That deed, [bat] ntnt I how, she uu ; 

Howhsbiraoaghte, anelli-nrhirgoflt il 

Bad him to fl«B the Urekes oet, 

And wydo, be mosta onto Itnilrj, 

Aj wu htB destinee, mnns faille ; 

That bit WM pitee for to here, 

Whan bir spirit g&n »ppera, •■; 

Tbe worde> that ihe to him seydo. 

And for to kepe hir Bone him preyde, 

Ther saw I graven eek how he, 

Hia i^er e&k, and hla meynee, 

With his shippefl gan to aajte i^ 

Towaid tlia contree of lt«ile, 

As Btreight u that the; migktc go. 

Ilier raw I thee, ocnel Jtmo, 
That art dann Jnpiterea wyf, 
That halt y^hated, al thy lyf, » 

Al the Tnytaia^e blood, 
BentiO and orye, as than were wood, 
^^offi the gad of windes, 
L To blowen ont. of aUe kindes, 
[,8d londe, that he ibnlde drenche ^ 

I Ziord and Udy, grome and wenebe 
■]Or nJ tbo Troyan naioiotiDi 

To Bee tiit peyntad on the walla. 

Ther WW I giSTon eek withallo, 
Veuna, how je, my lady dere, 
Wopinge with fnl wofol chere, 
Pntyea Japiter an hya 
To save and kepe that navye 
Of the Troyui Eneas, 
Bith tlukt be hir aona waa. 

Ther saw I Joves Vanns kisse. 
And eraunt«d of the tempest lissa. 
Ther saw I bow tbe tsmpeat stents, 
And how with alio pyne he wsnte. 
And provely took arriTBge 
In tbti Gontree of Cartago ; 
And on the morwe, how tliat ho I 
And a knight, bigbt Achatoe, ' 1 

Metten with Vonna that day, 
Ooinge in a qneynt array, 
Aa she had boB an bnnteresae, 
With wind blowinge npon hir trease; 
Hon Eness gon him to pleyne, 
Wlion that he knew bit, of bis peyne 
And bow Lis ahippes drojTite ware, 
- ■■ lost, ha n; 



Cartage Ko. 

And ther be shtdde his folk iin<le, 
That in the see ware left behindd. 

And, shortly ot tins thing to pace, 
Sbe made Eneoa so in grace 
Of Dido, qnene of that controe, 
Tbftt, shortly for to tBtlen, she 
Becam his love, and leet bim da 
That ttiat wedding longeth to. 
What shnlde I apeke more qnoyote. 
Or peyne mo my wordea poynte, 
To Bpeke of love ? hit wol not be \ 
I can not of that iacnltee. 

Row they aqnoyatedeu in-tere, 
Hit were a long proces to telle, 
And over long fur yow to dwelle. 

Ther aaw T grare, how Enaaa 
Tolde Dido every cas, 
That bim waa tid upon the aea. 

And after grave wa«, how aha 
Made of him, shortly, at oo word, 
Hir lyf, hir love, hir loat, hir lord 
And dide him ol the reverenw, 
And hryde on him al the dispence 
That any woman mlgbto do. 



Z^ l^ooe of ^amt. 


W«iiinge hit luid al be to, 

Ab he hir iwoor ; and her-by demed 

That he was good, for he iwioh lemed. 

Alias ! wbal hann doth apparence, 365 

Whan hit is &ls in ezistenoe ! 

For he to hir a tiaitoar was ; 

Wherfor she slow lux^self , alias ! 

Lo, how a woman doth amis, 
To love him that nnknowen is ! 170 

For, I7 Grist, lo! thus hit fareth ; 
' Hit is not al gold, that glareth. * 
For, al-so broake I wel myn heed, 
Ther may be under goodliheed 
Kerered many a shrewed vsroe ; ajs 

Therf or be no wi^^t so nyce. 
To take a lore only for ohere, 
For speohe, or for frondly manere; 
For this shal every woman flnde 
That som man, of his pore kinde, 280 
Wol shewen outward the faireste. 
Til he have canght that what him lesto ; 
And thaTine wol he causes flnde, 
And Bwexe how that she is onklnde, 
Or fals, or prevy, or doable was. 285 

Al this seye I by Eneas 
And Dido, and hir nyoe lest, 
That lovede al to sone a gest ; 
Therfor I wol seye a proverbo, 
That * he that fnlly knoweth th'orbe 290 
May saofly leye hit to his y6 ' ; 
Withoate dreed, this is no lye. 

Bat let as speke of Eneas, 
How he betrayed hir, alias I 
And lefte hir fdl ankindely. 395 

80 whan she saw al-atterly, 
That he wolde hir of trouthe faile, 
And wende fro hir to It&ilo, 
She gan to wringo hir hondes two. 

* Alias !* qaod she, ^ what me is wo ! 300 
Alias ! is every man thus trewo, 
That every yere wolde have a newo, 
If hit so longe tjrmo dare, 
Or elles three, peravontare ? 
As thas : of con he woldo have famo 305 
In magnifying of his name ; 
Another for frendship, soith he ; 
And yet ther shal the thriddo be, 
That shal be taken for dolyt, 
Lo, or for singular profyt.* 310 

In swiche wordes gan to ployne 
Dido of hir grete peyne. 

As me mette redely; 

Non other auotonr alegge I. 

* Alias r quod she, * my swete horte, 315 
Have pitee on my sorwes smerte. 

And slee me not ! go noght away ! 

O woful Dido, wel away ! ' 

Quod she to hir-selve the. 

'O Eneas ! what wil 3re do ? ^ao 

O, that 3wur love, ne your bonde. 

That ye ban sworn vrith your right honde, 

Ne my cruel deeth,' quod she, 

* May holde yow still hcer vrith me ! 

O, haveth of my deeth pitee ! $2$ 

T-wis, my dere berte, ye 

Knowen ful wel that never 3rit, 

As fer-forth as I hadde vrit, 

Agilte [I] yow in thoght ne deed. 

O, have ye men swioh goodliheed 330 

In speche, and never a deel of trouthe ? 

Alias, that ever hadde routho 

Any woman on any man ! 

Now see I wel, and telle can, 

We wrecched wimznen conne non art ; 335 

For certeyn, for the more part, 

ThoB we be served everichone. 

How sore that ye men conno grono, 

Anoon, as wo have yow roceyvod, 

Certeinly we ben decoyvod ; 340 

For, though your love lasto a sosoun, 

Wayte upon the conclusioan, 

And eek how that yo detormsmen, 

And for the more part diflynen. 

* O, welawey that I was bom ! 345 

For through yow is my name loni, 
And aUe myn actes red and songe 
Over al this lond, on every tongo. 
O wikke Famo ! for thor nis 
Nothing 80 swift, lo, as she is ! 350 

O, sooth is, every thing is wist, 
Though hit be kovcrod with the mist. 
£ok, thogh I mighte duron ovor, 
That I have doon, rekevor I novor, 
That I ne shal be seyd, alios, 355 

Y-shamed bo through Eneas, 
And that I shal thus jugod be^- 
** Lo, right as she hath doon, now she 
Wol do eftsoiMS, hardily ; " 
Thus seyth the peplo prevely.* — 36U 

But that is doon, nis not to done ; 
f Al hir oompleynt ne al hir mone, 
Certeyn, availeth hir not a strea. 



ZU ^ous of ^tmt. 



And whan she wiste aathly ha 
Was forth nutn hia ahippea gono, 
6hQ -fin hir chambn weatpO anogn, 
And called on hir stuter Anna, 
And goD hir to oompteyno thknna J 
And soydv, that she gaum vm 
Tbnt the &nt lovede -fEneas, 
And tbnA DOOUMilled hirthefto. 
Dot what I when this waa seyd and dt 
Sbs roo(bip«alvB Ifl the herto, 
And deydu throoeh the vonnde Binarti 
Dnt al the mjiner bow aha dajds, 
And ol the wordes Uiat she Beydo, 
Whixo to knows hit hath pnrpoa, 
{ Bead VirgUe in EnaidoB 
le Epistle ofOvTde, 
What that aho wroot ur that aha d^da : 3S0 
And nere hit to lung to oudyte, 
By god, I wolds hit here wiyte. 

Bat, welawa; ! the hann, the ronthe, 
That hath betid fbc snich nutroutha. 
As men maj' olte in bokea rede, jH5 

And al duy seen hit yet ia il«dg. 
That Tor la tbenken hit. s teno ia. 

Lo, Damotihon, duk of Athenia, 
Hour he forsvrar him (hi felaly 
And Irayed Phillia wikkodly, 590 

The lunges doghter woa of Traco, 
And fobly gsn his terms pace ; 
And when she 'wiste UiaC he was fals, 
She hang hir-self right hy the hals, 
For he had do hit awich nntnmUio ; igs 
la '. was not this a wo and loabho ? 

Eak la ! bow fals utd reccbelsa 
Whs to Brledda Acbilte*, 
And Paris to tOiaone ; 
And Jaaon to laiplule ; 400 

Aod ell Jason to Hedea ; 
And Eraules to Dj-anira ; 
For ho lefto hir for ItSe, 
That ma-Ie hjrn caoclie his devih, panlee. 

Bow fals eek waa be, Theseos ; 405 

That, as the ttory tolleth na, 
How he betrayed Adrione ; 
The devel be his sonles bone i 
For had he laughed, had ha loored, 
He moste have be nl devoutad, 410 

klf Adrinna na had y-bo ! 
And, for •ho had of him [iilee, 
Bhe made him Iro iha dutho e<ciii>e, 
And he made hli a ful Lois jape ; 



Utto hir lilepinge In 
Desorte alone, right in the sea, 
And ItAl away, and leet hir be ; 
And took hir BDSter Phedra Iho 
With bim, and gan to ahippa go. 4J 

And yet he had y-swom to hero, 
On al that ever ha might* swere, 
That, BO she saved him his lyf. 
He wolds bftve take hir to hia wyf ; 
For abe desired nothing ellcs. Ai 

In Dortuin, aa the book as tella*. 

Fnllicbe nf al hia greet trespas, 

The book seyth, Mercurie, aann* faUe, 

Bad him go into Itaile, 41 

And lore Aoffrykes rcgtonn, 

And Dido and hir faire tonu. 

Tho flaw I gravo, how fi Itaile 
Datm fInoB£ is go to aailo ; 
And how the lempait al began. tl 

And how be loele his st«reEiniui. 
Which Uutt the suno, or he took kee]i, 
Smot orei^bord, lo I as he sloep. 

And also saw I bow Sibyle 
And Eaeaa, beayde an yle, 4.1 

To heUe wente, for to soe 
Hia fader, Anchiaea tha free. 
How be ther fond Palinonu, 
And Dido, and ooh Deiphebtu ; 
And every tonnnont esk in hello 4J 

Saw he. which ia long to telle. 
Which who«a willath for to kuowe, 
Ho moste rode many a rowe 

On Virgilo or on Clundian, 

Or Dannte, that hit talte uan. 

Tho saw 1 gmve al tb'Brlvaile 
Tb;it Eneas hod in ttiule ; 
And with king laliaa his tretee, 
And alio the batailles that he 
Wna at him-eelf, and eck liis ki 
Acd how ba Tnmna rede hia lyft ^ 
And wan Lavyna to hia vyf ; 
Andal the me rvelooa signals 
Of the goddea r«lenials ; 
How, mangro Juno, EneaS, 
ForalhirBleigbta trndliirec 
Acheved alhiaaventora; 
For Jnpiler took of him ot 
At llie pmyera of Venus 


Z^t 1^0110 of ^MU. 


TI16 whiolie I prciye alway fare us, 
And vm ay of oar forwM li^te ! 

Whan I had avyvk al this lighte 
In this noble temple thus, 
*A, Lord I 'thoughts I, *that madest ns, 
Tet saw I never swioh noblesse 471 

Of images, ne swich riohesse, 
As I saw graven in this ohirohe ; 
But not woot I who dide hem wirohe, 
Ne wher I am, ne in what contreew 475 
But now wdl I go oat and see, 
Bi^t a* the wiket, if I can 
See o-wher stering any man, 
That may me telle wher I am.* 

When I oat at the dores cam, 480 

I fiyrte aboate me beheld. 
Then saw I bat a laige feld, 
As fer as that I mights see, 
Withoaten toon, or hoas, or tree. 
Or bosh, or gras, or ered lond ; 485 

For al the UHd nas bat of sond 
As smal as man may see yet lye 

In the desert of libye ; 

Ne I no maner oreatore. 

That is y-fonned by natnre, 490 

Ne saw, me Cfor] to rede or wisse. 

' O Crist,' thooghte I, * that art in blisse, 

Fro £uitom and illosioan 

Me save ! ' and with devocioan 

Ifyn y6n to the heven I caste. 495 

Tho was I war, lo ! at the lasts. 
That fitfte by the Sonne, as hyd 
As kenne mighte I with myn y6, 
Me thooghte I saw an egle sore. 
Bat that hit semed moohe more 500 

Then I had any egle seyn. 
But this as sooth as deeth, oertesni. 
Hit was of golds, and shoon so brighte. 
That never saw men saoh a sighte, 
Bat-if the heven hadde y-wonne 5i»5 

Al news of golde another Sonne ; 
So ihoon the egles fethres brighte, 
And somwhat doonward gan hit li|^te. 

Explicit liber primus. 


Indplt Uber secimdas. 

Now herkneth, every maner man 
That English anderstonde can, 510 

And listeth of my dreem to lore ; 
For now at erste shal ye here 
So fselly an avisioon, 
That Isaye, ne Scipioun, 
Ne king Nabogodonosor, 515 

Fharo, Tamos, ne Eleanor, 
Ne mette swich a dreem as this ! 
Now fairs blisfnl, O Cipris, (10) 

So be my fit voor at this tyme ! 
And ye, me to endjrte and ryme 530 

Helpeth, that on Pamaso dwells 
By Elicon the clere welle. 

O Thought, that wroot al that I mette, 
And in the tresorie hit shette 
Of my brsyn ! now shal men sse 535 

If any verta in thee be. 
To tellen al my dreem aright ; 
Now kythe thyn sngjm and might ! (ao) 

Tfu Drtanu 

This egle, of which I have yow told, 
That shoon with fethres as of gold, 530 
Which that so hyd gan to sore, 
I gan beholde more and more. 
To see hir beaatee and the wonder ; 
Bat never was ther dint of thonder, 
Ne that thing that men calle foadr«, 5^ 
That smoot somtyme a tour to poadre. 
And in his swifts coming brende. 
That so swythe gan descende, {30) 

As this fool, whan hit behelde 
That I a>roame was in ths felde ; 540 
And with his grimme pawes stronge, 
Within his sharps nayles longo. 
Me, fleinge, at a swappe he hentc. 
And with his soars agajrn up wcnte. 
Me caxyinge in his dawes starke 545 
As lightly as I were a larke. 
How high, I can not telle yow. 
For I cam np, I niste how. (40) 

For so astonied and a-swsved 



Wm ovctT vcrtQ in my liBTod, jjo 

What with hja bdots and with 1117 dreds, 
Tiiat al ojf felisg g»a to deda ; 
Fur-why hit «■« to greet nCfr^, 
Thns I loDge in his clsww lay, 
Til at the lasts he to mo gpak 555 

In nuinnes vois, and wyde, ' Awak J 
And be not fao n-gsn, for ahiune ', ' 
And caZIed me tha by my name. (51O 

And, for I Bholdo the bet abreyde— 

Qr^e ^oue «f ^o*"'- 


-' Await,- 1 


That aseth oon T conde uevene ; 
And with that vola, aoth for to ny 
My minde cam to me agayn ; 
For hit vna goodly (eyd to mo, 
80 nai bit never wont to be. 

And herwithal I gun to itcro, 
And he mo in hit feet to here, 
Til that he felte that I had help, 
And fulio eek tho njyn hsrta beta 
And tho gan ho mo to disporte, 
And with wordoi I0 Gomf'iirt«, 
And Baydo twyos, • Sej-nta Harie ! 
Thou art noyoni for to csaiie, 
And nothing nodoth hit, pardee I 

And whider thon shall, and why I cam 

To tdoDo thla, eo that thou take 

Good hortA, and not for lero qnake,* 

* Gladly,' quod I, ' Now wol," qaod ho:— 

' Fint I, that in my feet have thoo, 60S 

Of which thou bast a feerand wonder, 

Am dwelling with the god of tbonder, 

Whieh thatften oallcti JapiMr, (lui) 

That dootGlne fleo ful oflc I'er tim 

To do al hi» oomauDdemont. 

And for this caiue ho bath me Boot 

To thoe : now theilue, by thy tronthe : 

Certeyn, he hath of thoe roathe, 

That thou ao longe trewely Oij 

Bait aerred >e ententifly 

Hifl blinde nevow Ctipido, 

And fair Vontis [goddeme] ala$, (no! 

WithouM goerdonn ovor yit, "" 

And nevortheleB hart set thy 4il— ^h 

Although that in thy hode ful flyte ia— 

To make bokea, lougoi, dyteea, 

In ryme, or ellei in cadenct^, 

As thoQ belt canst, in rovarenea 

Of Love, and of hii BervantB eke, 62} 

That have hU Berviss soght, and aeke ; 


Z^t 9)0110 of ^amt. 


For whAn thy labonr doon al is, 
And hast y-maad thy rekoninges, 
In ttede of reste and nnre thinges, 
Th<m gtmt hoom to thy hons anoon ; 655 
And, alao domb as any stoon, 
Thoa sittsst at another boke, 
Ta ftiUy daswod is thy loke, (150) 

And liTest thns as an hermytOf 
Although thyn abstinence is lyte. 660 
' And therfor Joves, through his grace, 
Wol that I here thee to a place, 
Which that hight ths Hous or Faiik, 
To do thee som disport and game, 
In som reoompensaoionn 665 

Of labour and devooioon 
That thoa hast had, lo ! oanseles. 
To Capido, the reocheles f (160) 

And thns this god, thorgh his merjrte, 
Wol with som manor thing thee qnyte, 
80 that thoa wolt be of good ohere. 671 
For tmste wel, that thoa shalt here, 
When we be oomen ther I seye. 
Mo wonder thinges, dar I leye, 
Of Loves folke mo tydinges, 675 

Bothe soth-sawes and lesinges ; 
And mo loves newe begonne, 
And longe y-served loves wonne, (170) 
And mo loves oasaelly 
That been betid, no man wot why, 680 
But as a blind man stert an hare ; 
And more jolytee and fare, 
VVhyl that they finde love of stele, 
As thinketh hem, and over-al welo ; 
Mo discords, and mo jelonsyes, 635 

Mo mormon, and mo nov^ryes, 
And mo dissimolacioons. 
And feyned reparaoioons ; (iRo) 

And mo berdes in two hoores 
Withoote rasoor or sisoores 690 

Y-maad, then greynes be of sondes ; 
And eke mo holdinge in hondes, 
And also mo renovelaonces 
Of olde forleten aqoeyntaonces ; 
Mo love-dayes and aoordes 695 

Then on instroments ben oordes ; 
And eke of loves mo eschaonges 
Than ever comes were in graonges ; (ipo) 
Unetlio maistow trowen this ?' — 699 

Qnod he. * No, helpe me god so wis ! * — 
Qnod I. • No ? why?* qood ha ' For hit 
Were impossible, to my wit^ 

Thoogh that Fame hadde al the pyes 

In al a realme, and al the spyes. 

How that jet she sholde here al this, 705 

Or they espye hit' *0yis,yi8l' 

Qood he to me, * that can I prove 

By resoon, worthy for to leve, (aoo) 

So that thoa yeve thyn advertence 

To onderstonde my sentence. 710 

* First shalt thoa heren wher she dwell- 

And so thyn owne book hit telleth ; 
Hir paleys stant, as I shal seye. 
Right even in middes of the weye 
Betwixen hevene, erthe, and see ; 715 
That, what-so-ever in al these three 
Is spoken, in privee or aperte. 
The wey therto is so overte, (aio) 

And stant eek in so joste a place, 
That every soon mot to hit pace, 720 

Or what so comth fro any tonge. 
Be hit ronned, red, cr songe. 
Or spoke in seortee or drede, 
Certein, hit moste thider node. 

' Now herkne wel ; for-why I wille 72$ 
Tellen thee a propre skile, 
And fworthy demonstracioon 
In myn imagynaoioon. (220) 

' GefiRrey, thoo west right wel this, 
That evexy kindly thing that is, 730 

Hath a kindly stede ther he 
May best in hit conserved be ; 
Unto which place every thing, 
Throngh his kindly enclyning, 
Moveth for to come to, 735 

Whan that hit is awey therfro ; 
As thos ; lo, thoo mayst al day see 
That any thing that hevy be, (230) 

As stoon or leed, or thing of wighto, 
And ber hit never so hye on highte, 740 
Lat go thyn hand, hit falleth doon. 

' Right so seye I by fyre or soon. 
Or smoke, or other thinges lighte, 
Alwey they seke opward on highte ; 
Whyl ech of hem is at his large, 745 

Light thing op, and doonward charge. 

* And for this caose mayst thoo see. 
That every river to the see (240) 
Enclyned is to go, by kinde. 

And by these skilles, as I flnde, 750 

Hath fish dweUinge in floode and see, 
And troM eek in erthe be. 


B334 ^t l^eue of ;$'aine. [Boo> n. 

Thai sToiy tbinc. 1>7 tluB resatm. 

That hit at bathe brinkea be. 

Al-thogb thon mowo hit not y-aaa 

To >rhich liit »ek*th to repiiire, 755 

Above, hit goth yet alway nnder, f)o5 

As thee Idt Ihnlda not apaire. 

Although thon thsnke hit a gret wonder. 

Lo. thia Mntenco is kuowen coathe 

And .vrho4o aeith of tnmthe I vade. 

Bid him proven the contnirie. (joo) 

A» iriitotle and dui Platon, 

And right thns sveiy word, y-wia, 

Ami other olerk™ many oon ; 760 

That londe or priTee apoken is, 8.0 

And to Donfinno jny rMonn, 

ThoQ wost «e1 this, Uia,t gpecba is soan, 

And of thU moving, ontofdonte, 

Or fltles no man miehts hit hare ; 

Now -therioiB what I wol th™ lero. 

As I have of tho water proved. 

' Bonn is noght bnt air y-hn.k™, 7.55 

That every oerola canaeth other, 815 

And every specho that is spoken. 

Right » of air, my leve brother ; 

Lond or prirao, foul or fair, 

Everich air in other atereth ^309) 

Uore and more, and speohe np bereth, 

FofM flaombe is but lighted amoke, 

Or vois, or noiao, or word, or soon, 

Bight an aonn ia air y-broka. 770 

Bnt this may ba in many wy». 

Til hit be atte House of Fame r- 

Of which I wil thee two davyM, 

Tak hit in emeit ox In game. 

As sonn that comth nf pype or harpe. 

' Now have I told, if thon have minda. 

For whan a pype is blowan sharpa, 

How spedia or lann. of pnre kinds, 

TheairiitwirtwilhTiolenflo, ttS 

Enclj-ned ■< opwanl to msTO ; «jj 

Thii, mayst thon fole, wel I prsve. 

Eek, whan men harpe-rtjingea smyte. 

Wbother hit be moche or lyta, (170) 

That every thing enolyned U> is, Ijjo) 

Lo, with the atroDk tbo air to-breketh ; 779 

Right ao hit faroketh whan men ipeketh. 

tThan abeweth Iiit, withont«n drade, Bjo 

Thns wost thon wel what thing is iTWoho, 

Of ovety Bpecha, of every sunn. 

How every speohe, or noiae. or »nn. 

Be hit either fon! or fair, ^h 

Throngh hli mnltiplicacioon, 

Hath hufalnde place in air. ^M 

Thogh hit WBTo pyped of a monac, 7(ij 

And Bin that every thing, that is 'J^H 

Hoot nedo come to Fames House. 

Ont of his kinde place, y-wis, J^H 


Moveth thider for to go JH 

^B I^ eiperlouw ; for if that thon (lito) 

If hit a-weye be therfro, ^M 

^m 9hrowe on water now a iKon, 

As I before have proved thee. ^M 

^H Wel woattboa, hit wol make anoon 700 

Hit lewelh, every Bonn, pordee, ^H 

^f A Utel nmndel as n oenlo, 

Hoveth kindely to pace ^M 

ParaTentore brood aa a oonrole ; 

Al op into his kindely place. ^M 

And right anooQ thon sholt ase weel, 

And thU place of which t telle. ^M 

TherasFamelisttodwelle. ^M 

And that the Uiridde, and so foitb. 

la set amiddea of these throe, "mM 

brother. ;c,j 

Hoven, ertho, and eek the see, ■■ 

Eveiy cerele oaosing ether, 

Wyder than himselve was -. 

Than is thii the conclniionn, (140) 

And thus, (to ronndel lo comiioi, [i^o) 

That every tpeoho of ewiy man 

Erh ahoate other gDiDge, 

As I thee telle fiiat began. i0 

CanKdofutherasBtcringn, ?«. 

Moveth up on high to [JHce ^^M 

Kindety to Fames phK-e. ^^M 


' Telle mo thU feithfnily. ^^M 

Book It) Z^t I^OUA 

of f«m<. 


BttTV I not prftved thna aimply, 

Was fiowen fto the grounda ao hyfi, 


Witbontaa u; mbtiltee 


That al the world, ae to uiyn yB, 


No more semed than a prikke i 

Or oll™ waa the air eo thikko 




That I no mighbe not disoeroo. 

With that he iipak to me aa yetae, 


rvdw, hit («hle thee to lyke ; 


AdiJ seyde : ' Seeatow any tana 

Ptar hud l>iie»ca Mid fa»r<t outere 

Or ought Ihoa knowort yonder dona 

Iaeyae,'N«y.' * No wonder ni..' 

Aton«; woM then not wel this r- 

Qdod he, ■ (br half BO high aa thia 





Ne tha king, dan Selpio, 


That law in dreme, at point darya, 

Spitke, and «h«w« him iwiohe BkilM, 

Hella and arthe, and pimdy* ; 


That he mar >hako hem hj the bilaa 


Ne eek the wreoche Dedalne, 

So palpaUo the; iholden be. 

Ne hie child, ny« loama, 


Bat tal mo lhi«, now pmjr I thee, 


That fleigh ao highe that tho beta 

How thinkth thee my conclnaionn f 

Hia winges molt, and he fel wete 

In-mid the aoe, and thar he drfjqito 

Qfud I. • hit ie ; and lyk to be 

Pot whom waa maked moeh eompleynte. 

Kcht eo aa thon hart proved me." 

' Now turn upward,' quod he, ' thy 


■ B7 r-d.- quod he, ■ and a. I leve, 


And behold this lax^ place. 


ThPO »halt have yis or hit be eve, 

This air; bat loke thou ne be 

Of very word of thii eentenea 

Adrad of hem that thou ahalt >ee : 


A prere, by eiperienoe ; 


Pot in thie r^ioun, certeln, 

And with thyn eres heron wel 

Dwelleth many a citcaein, 


or which that epeketh dan Flato. 

That rnry word that Hpoken ia 

Theae ben the eyriih bertea, lo •. • 

Oomlh into Fames Hooi, y-wia. 

And ao saw lal that maynee 

Aa I have aerd ; what wilt thon more ? ' 

Botha goon and also flee. 

And with thla word npper to eere 

' Now," quod ha tho, ' cast np Uiyn yS; 9a 

H. gan. and aeyde, ' By SeynlJamo 1 Ms 

See yonder, lo. tha OalaiyO, 

Xowwll wavpeken al of game.' — 

Whioh men elepath the Milky Wfy 

■HowfcreatthonT' qnodhetom 

For hit ia whyt : and eomme. parlViy 


>Wel,-qiiodL ' Now aee,' qno<l be 


Oallen hit Watlinge atrete : 


That ones was y-brant with hetc. 



Whan the aonnea Bone, the rede, 

Oi hona, 01 any other thing. 

That liighle Photon, woldo htda 

ApA whan thoo ba*l of onght knowing, 

Algate hia bder cart, and gye. 

I«ke that thon waraa mo, 

The cart-bora goune wol cepyo 

And I anoon ihal telle thee 

How fer that than art now tberfVo. 


And gonna (br to lepe and lauuoe. 

And I adonn fgan token tbn, 

And beren him now np, now donn. 

And behold feUei and plaines, 


TU that ha aaw tho Soorjiioun. 


And now blUei. and now moontainw, 

Whioh that in heven a eigne ie yil 


Saw vaJeyi, and now fbnataa, 

Andhe,rorforde,loateh>a«it, ^ 



OfthBt.aDdlaetthereyl>a«rwa \ 


Mow riTena, now ettoea, 

orbiahore; andtheyanoon 


1 ■How toosM, and now srete tree*, 

Aowahippe* aaUince ID the eee- 

Til botho thg eyr anil vrtho bronde 

1 JhttUnMaminawhylohe 

Til Jupiter, lo, atte lasle, 




L<i, ii 

To iBlB a folu han eorsnunmo. 
Of thing that b« can not ilonf 

And with this irordT Eotli far to flcjn^, 
Ho ean alway nppot tn son?, 981 

And gladded ma 117 more and more, 
So feithfolly lo ine Bpnk ho. 

Tha gaa 1 lokeii undec me, 
Aad bobold lbs 03TUI1 beates, 965 

Clondes, mistea, and tempestea, 
Snowes, hail«fl, reinedr windfA, 
And th'ongcndrmg in bir kicdu, (460) 
And (hi the yray throngli vbioba 1 oam ; 
* O god,' qnod I, ^ that nuulo Adiun, ^70 
Moobe is thy might and thy noblesa I ' 

And Iho tbonght4> I npon Botoe, 
That writ, ' a thought may floe n hyfi, 
With fetherea of Phijosophye, 

And whan he hath go fer y-went, 
Than tony bo Men. behind hia b^, 
Cloud, and ol that I of spak.' (470) 

Thn gan I weion in a were, 
And seyde, ' I wool wel I am here ; 9S0 


; bnt god, thon woat 

Or +AtlantB« doughtres Bevene, 

How alio those ain Bet in heveno; (soo) 

For though thon have hem ofteon hondo, 

Yet noatow not whet that they itonde." 

'No fors,' qnod I, 'hit is no nede: io(i 

I leve as wol, so god mo speile, 

Hem that wiyte of tbia matere. 

As thoogh 1 knew hir pUces here ; 

And eek they ghynen here ao hrighl«, 

Hit Bhnlde ^enden al my cighte, 1016 

To loke OB hem.' ' That nay wel bo,' 

Quod ha. And so forth bar ha me L<iio) 

A wbyl, and than he gan to crye, 

That never haide I thing so hye, iiua 

' Now np the heed ; for al is wel ; 

Seynt Jnlyan, to. bon hostel '. 

See here the HonM of (^me, lo t 

Mozstow not heren that T do ?' 

' What ? ' qtiod I. ' The grate aonn,' lojs 

Qnod ho, ' that nimbleth np and doon 

In FiUDOS Hons, ful of tydingea, 

Botho of fair spocho and chydinges, (510) 

And of Ms and soth compoimed. 

Harkne wel ; hit is not ronned. iiyio 

Horertow not the groto awogh 'I ' 

' Yis, pardoo,' qnmi I, ' wol y-nogh.' 

' And what aonn ia it lyk ? ' qnod he. 


Zit 1^0110 cf ^atu. 


If tliis noise that I here (550) 

Be, «■ I hmve herd thee tellen, 

Of fblk that doan in erthe dwellen^ 1060 

And oomth here in the same wyse 

Aa I thee herde or this devyse ; 

And that ther lyves hody nis 

In al that hoos that yonder is, 

That makethal this londefiure?' 1065 

' No,* quod he, * hy Seynte Clare, 

And also wis god rede me I 

But o thinge I wil wame thee (560) 

Of the which thoa wolt have wonder. 

Lo, to the Hoiu%of Eame yonder 1070 

Thon wost how oometh eveiy speche, 

Hit nedeth noght thee eft to teohe. 

But onderstond now right wel this ; 

Whan any speohe y-comen is 

Up to the paleys, anon-right 1075 

Hit wezeth lyk the same wight 

Which that the word in erthe spak. 

Be hit clothed reed or Uak ; (570) 

And hath so verray his lyknesse 

That spak the word, that thon wilt gesso 

That hit the same body be, loSi 

Man or wonian, he or she. 

And is not this a wonder thing ? ' 

* Tis,' qnod I tho^ * hy hevene king ! ' 
And with this word*, ^ Earwel,* qnod he, 

* And here I wol abs^en thee ; 1086 
And god of hevene sonde thee grace, 
Som good to lemen in this place.' (580) 
And I of him took leve anoon. 

And gan forth to the paleys goon. 1090 

EzpUcit liber tecnndns. 

BOOK in. 

Indpit liber terdns. 


god of science and of light, 
ApoUo, through thy grete might, 
This litel laste book thon gye ! 
Nat that I wilne, for maistiye. 

Here art poetical be shewed ; 1095 

But, for the rym is light and lewed, 

Tit make hit stimwhat agreable, 

Though som vers faile in a sillable ; 

And that I do no diligence 

To shewe^raft, but o sentence. (10) iioo 

And if, divyne vertn, thon 

Wilt helpe me to shewe now 

That in mjm hede y-marked is — 

Lo, that is for to menen this, 

The Hons of Fame to desciyve— 1 105 

Then shalt see me go, as blyve, 

Unto the nexte lanre I see, 

And kisse hit, for hit is thy tree ; 

Now entreth in my breste anoon ! — 

The Dream, 

Whan I was fro this egle goon, (20) 1 1 10 

1 gan beholdo upon this place. 

And certein, or I ferther pace, 

I wol yow al the shap devyse 

Of hons and fsite ; and al the wyse 

How I gan to this place aproohe 1115 

That stood upon so high a roche, 

Hyer stant ther noon in Spaino. 

But np I domb with alio paine, 

And though to dimbo hit graved me, 

Tit I ententif was to see, (30) iim 

And for to pouren wonder lowe. 

If I ooude any weyes knowe 

What manor stoon this roche was ; 

For hit was lyk a thing of glas, 

But that hit shoon fal more dere ; 1 125 

But of what congeled matere 

Hit was, I niste redely. 

But at the laste espyed I, 
And found that hit was, every deel, 
A roche of yse, and not of steoL (40) i i.V) 
Thoughte I, ' By Scynt Thomas of Kent ! 
This were a feble foundement 
To bilden on a place bye ; 
He oughte him litd glorifye 
That her-on bilt, god so me save ! ' 1 155 

Tho saw I al the half y-gravo 
With famous folkes names fde, 
That had y-been in moohd wele, 

Ztt^^Mt tffuU. 

And Mr bmM wjin ^blow*. 

Bat vol QDethM ocnids I iDunra (jd) 


Imageriei and mbarnaolaa, (100)1190 


Hirnunabr; for, ontof dred., 

Aj flakea fUle in grote anowea. 

They wflrt Almost of-tlioirad ■», 

And eek in ash of the plnaolea 

Tlut of the UttTM oon or two 

Wuran londiy habitaolea, 

Wm molta »ww of evoiy ume, 


yql tho oartal, at abonte— 

But men teya, ' Wli»t m»y ever lutef ' 

Tho gan I in myn herte oMts, 

And gestioors, that tellen talea 

Thrt thoy were nulte awoy with het« 

Botha of woping and of game, 

And not »i™y with «lonne« bete. (60) 


Of al (hat longeth unto E^me. (no) laoa 

EbT on that other lyda I Mr 

Ther barde I playen on an barpe 

Of thU hiUe, th»t northward lay. 

Tbataonned bathe wd and ibaipe, 

How hit WH writen ftU of nunea 

Of folk that haddan greta &inM 


or olde tyma, and yit they wwe 

Sat the harper Orion, ims 

Ai tnath* aa men had wrlten hem 

And Eaoides Chiron, 


And other harpers many oon, 

Ofce »iTO day right, or that honro 

And tha Bret Qlasonrion ; 

That I npon hem gan to pome. 

But wel I wiate what hit made ; 

fSeten under hem in sees, (110) 1110 

Hit woa eonaerrod with the ehadfrf 


And gonne on hem upward to gape, 

Al this wrytinge that I ay— 

And oonntrefete hem aa an ape, 

Of a oaatol, that atood on hy, 

Or as oraft oountrefeteth kinds. 

And Mood eok on ao sold « place, 

Tbo sangh I stonden hem behinde. 

That bete mighte hit not deilMe. 

A-fer fto hero, al by hemselve, 

Tho gan I np the hille to goon. 


Uany thonaand tymes twelve, 

And fond npon the ooppe a woon, 

That alle the men (hat ben on lyre 

Ne han the conning to deniyra 

And many othtr manar pype, 

The baaatee of that ilks plane. 

That oraftely begnnne pypa (r^n) 1110 

NeooQdeoartennooompaoe (80} 


Botha in donoet and in redo, 

That ben at feslea with the brede ; 

And many flonto and lilting-hom», 

And pypoa made of grene oora*, 

And maketh al my wit to awinka 

That kepen beatea in tha bromea. 

On thli caste] to bethinka. 

Ther iangh I than Atiteria, 

80 that the grete -furaft, beantoe, 

And of Athenas dan Psenrtia, 

The out, tha coriositee 

And Jfaroia that loM her ikin. 

Ne oan I not to yow devyae, 

Botha In &oa, body, and ohin, (140) itjo 

Mywitnemaymenotraffiraa. {90) 


For that she wolda envyen, lo I 

Bnt nathelsB al tha nbatanM 

To pypan bet then Apollo. 

Ther sangh I fkmons, olde and yonge, 

Por-why mo thoT^hta, by Sejnt Oyle 

Pypera of tha Dnoha tonge, 

Al waa of stone of baryle, 

Botha oaMel and the tonr, 


Beyes, and theae stmnnge thinges. 

And eeh tha halle, and every bonr. 

Tho nngh I in another place 


Of hem that maken blody «mn 

Z^t 1^6\XB of j'ome. 

In tnunji*. twme, and obiionD ; ;i5o)ii4i> 
EW in Sght uid blood-ih«diDga 
Ii nsttl gtadiy elAfloiiiiig& 

Tlier herds 1 tnunpen Uesseniu, 
Of trhom Chat Bpekatli VirgUins. 
Tlier herds I Joab tminpe also, iJU 

Theodomos, and other mo ; 
Ar^d Alia tb&t naed dIatuhi 
In CiUAloiene ami Amtron, 
That in Mr tyme fumoiu wore 
To lenke, sangh I trumpe thsro. (i6(i) i?,)^ 

Ther aaoBli 1 "itle in other nH 
TieyiagB npon Hudry ffleM, 
Whiche that I cannot ncvana, 



Torae of yow, and loMeof tymo : 
Fur tyme yAon, thia kuamn ;i^ 
By □'> vay znay raoovered bfl, 

Tber nmgh I ffleyto jocelotirs, 
Ua^FJena and tie^lonn, >i7a> 

And phitfUeracs, charmoresHeB, 
Olde tdccbes. earoeisneB, 

And e«k ihiea ftunlgaciumu ; 

And clerkes eek, which conne wl tiG 

Al thia magyke natarel. 

That craAelr don hxr enlentea, 

To make, in ceito;ii aaoendenteg, 

Ima^etf, lo, throo^h vrhich ma^yk 

To nuke k man ben hool or syk. (iSnlii^ 

Thn aaogk 1 ftbse, qneen Medea, 

And Cirosi eke, itad Colipsa : 

Tber aasgh I Hermes Balleniu, 

Lymote, uul eek Simon llaeras. 1 17 

Ther sangh I, and knew hnm by niuno, 

That b; BDoh art clon men ban fiune. 

Ther lansh I CoUb tragalonr 

Vpaa a table of aieamonr 

Pleyv an nnoontha thing lo telle ; 

I eangh him ovien a wind-metts '190) iiS 

Undar a walah-note ahale. 

What flhuld I TBAke longer tale 
Of al the peple that I lay, 
Fro hennes io-to doxoeeday f 

Whan I had al this folk boholdo. t,f 
And fond me looJ, and uoght j-holde, 
And eft y-moaed longs whyle 
Upon llieie waile* of baryla, 
That ehoon ftil lighter than a glas, 
And made Wet mot* thim hit wu (» 

To iomen, every thing, y-wis, 
A5 kinde thing of fhjuea is ; 
I gun forth mmen til I fond 
The caWel-yate on my right tior 
Which that so wel corfen wu 
That never swioh aniither nas ; 
And yjt hit wu by avuntnre 
Y-wTOOght, u often aa by cnn>. 

Hit nedeth nogbt yov for to tollen, 
Tomokeyowtolongo dwollpn, (;ii>) 
or thii yatea florlnhinges, 
Ne of compaaaes, ne of korringea, 
No how they fbatte in muoneriei, 
As, corbets fnlle 1^ imagerioa. 
But, lord 1 so fair hit was to abewe, 
For bit WM al with gold behowe. 
But in I weate, and that anoon ; 
Tlior niette I crying many oon, — 
' A largas, larges, hold np yto! '. 
Clod ante the lady of Ihii pel, (110) 
Onir owne gentU lady Fame, 
And hem that wilnen to have name 
Ofns!' Thns berde I cryon «lle, 
And fkst« comon out of hnlle. 
And sboken noblea and at^rllngea. 1 
Anil sommo cronned wore as kinges, 
With OTDnnaa wroght ful of bisengcs ; 
And many ribon, and many (Vongee 
Were on hir riotbes trewely. 

Tho atte laate ospyod I (lyo) 

That ptijsevanntefl atid hejitudos, 
Ttutt cryen riohe folkea landcs, 
Hit waren alls ; and every man 
Of hem, fls I yow tellen can, 
Had on him throwan a vesture. 
Which that mon elope a cote-armnre, 
Eubrowded wonderliohe rfche, 
Al-thongh they nere nought y-liche. 
Bat noght nil I, so moto I tbiyve, 
Boen abonte to discryre {^4^) ' 

Al thaw armes that ther woren, 
That they thus 00 hir cotes beren, 
For hit to me were imposilblc ; 
Hen mights make of hem a bible 
Twenty foot thikke, aa I trowe. 

Migbto ther alle Ibe armes aeen 
Of faiDons folk that han y-bwn 
In AaSrike, Entope, and Aaye, 
t^th first began the ohevolryi 
Lo ! how Bhulde I now telle al thill 



Zit %iU» of JOMt. 

Of hit, nnd «■ 

oof HI 

Wn* plttWd half a fot* thikko IJ^s 

Of eo><l. "id that aaa na-tliing vdkko, 
But, for to prove la ftllo wyso, 
Ai <yn a* ilacAt in Vporge, 
Of whicbo to lylA al in niy |Hinrlie is? 
Polleoftbo tyne&t ttoaet fairs, 1J51 

That men rule in tbo lApi'laini, 

Bat hit were al to Innge In rvdn 

The namea ; ftuit thorfore I piuio. 135s 

Dnt In tlili richo Insty plnoe, 
That nunu hatis Dollt'il vrta, 
Fal mwho preei of fulk ttier nM, 
No cronding, for to mwhil preea. 
But al an hye, uIwtb a deen, (170) 136a 
t Hitt« in n aoo impsrial. 
That muul «iu of n rnlme al, 
Wlilnh that a aarbanate ij y-^allod, 
I mngli, ptrpotoAll? ;-itall<«], 
A feniinyno crentnro ; 1365 

Tlint npvar formed by natara 
Nm siricb another thing y-ovye, 
Fi,r nltliprflrel, BOtli for lo Boyn. 

Bnt, lord I the perrio and tho ricliea 
I Sktigh sitting on thii goddosae ! 

d, lord ! the hcremih m«Iod)-e 11 
aongeH, fnl at jtrmonyA, 
erde alnnCe her Imne y-Aongs, 
at al the poleys-wsUoB rnn^ ! 
Bong tho mighty Uose, aho 

^teped 13 Caliopee, 

(jio> I. 

Tlwt in hir iaoQ Mimea meka ; 

Aod eveimo, eternally, 

They longa of Fkme. lu tho herde I : — 

' Heried be than and thy name. 14 

Ooildecn of renono and of tanat 1 ' 

Tho yiaa I war, lo, atte laati-, 
Ab I myn eyen gan np eaete, 
That thi* like noble qoene 
On hir shnldrea gan Rutene (310) 14 
Bothe th'armea and the name 
Of tho that hadde large Huna ; 
Alexander, and Herenlea 
That with a iherte his lyf lee* I 
fThva fond I sitting this goddaae, u 
In nohley, bononr, and richesse ; 
Of which I Mints a whyle now, 
Other thing to tellen j-ow. 


Zit 1^0110 of ^amt. 


Of which that I yow telle heer, 

Of lede and yren bothe, y-wii. 1445 

War yren Martet metal i^ 

Which that god is of bataile ; 

And the leed, withonten fidle, 

Is, lo, the metal of Satome, 

That hath ftd large wheel to tnme. (360) 

Tho stoden forth, on every rowe, 1451 

Of hem which that I coade knowe, 

Thogh I hem noght by ordre telle, 

To make yow to long to dwelle. 

Theie, of whiohe I ginne rede, 1455 

Tlier langh I itonden, oat of drede : 
Upon an yren piler itrong, 
That pesnited was, al endelong, 
With iiygreB blode in every place. 
The Tholosan that highte Staoe, (370) 1460 
That bar of Thebes up the fame 
Upon his shnldres, and the name 
Also of croel AohUles. 
And by him stood, withonten lees, 
Fol wonder hye on a pileer 1465 

Of 3rren, he, tho gret Omeer ; 
And with him Dares and Tytoa 
Before, and eek he, LoUios, 
And Goido eek de Colnmpnis, 
And English Qaufride eek, y-wis ; (380) 1 470 
And ech of these, as have I joye, 
Was be^ for to here np Troye. 
80 hevy therK>f was the fEune, 
That for to here hit was no game. 
Bat yit I gan fol wel espye, 1475 

Betwix hem was a litel envye. 
Con seyde, Omere made lyes, 
Feynlnge in his poetryes. 
And was to Grekes favorable ; 
Therfor held he hit bat fablo. (390) 1480 

Tho saogh I stonde on a pileer, 
That was of tinned yren deer. 
That Latin poete, [dan] Virgylo, 
That bore hath ap a longe whyle 
The fame of Pins Eneas. 1485 

And next him on a piler was. 
Of coper, Venus clerk, Ovyde, 
That hath y-sowen wonder wyde 
Tlio groto god of Lovos name. 
And ther be bar np wel his fame, (400) 
Upon this piler, also hye 1491 

As I might see hit with myn yO : 
For-why this halle, of whiche I rede 
Was woxo on fliighto, longtho and brede. 

Wel more, by a thonsand del, 1495 

Than hit was erst, that sangh I weL 

Tho saagh I, on a piler by, 
Of yren wroght ftd stemely, 
The grete poete, dann Lncan, 
And on his shnldres bar ap than, (4 10) 
As highe as that I mighte see, 1501 

The fame of Jalias and PCmpee. 
And by him stoden alle these derkes. 
That writon of Bomes mighty werkes. 
That, if I wolde hir names telle, 1505 
Al to longe moste I dwelle. 

And next him on a piler stood 
Of sonlfre, lyk as he were wood, 
Dan Clandian, the soth to telle. 
That bar np al the fame of belle, (4J0) 1510 
Of Pinto, and of Proserpyne, 
That qaene is of the derke pyne. 

What shnlde I more telle of this ? 
The halle was al ftil, y-wis. 
Of hem that writen olde gestes, 1515 

As ben on treds rokes nestes ; 
Bat hit a fol confos matere 
Were al the gestes for to here. 
That they of write, and how they 

Bat whyl that I beheld this sighte, (430) 
I herde a noise aprochen blyvo, 1521 

That ferde as been don in an hyve, 
Agen her tyme of oat-fle3dnge ; 
Right swiche a manor murmaringe. 
For al the world, hit semed me. 1535 

Tho gan I loke abonte and see. 
That ther com entring fin the hallo 
A right gret company with-alle, 
And that of sondry regioans, 
Of aUeskinnos condicionns, (440) 1530 

That dwelle in erthe nnder the mono, 
Pore and ryche. And also sone 
As they were come into the halle, 
They gonne doan on kne^s falle 
Before this iike noble qaene, 1535 

And seyde, * Grannto as, lady shene, 
Ech of OS, of thy grace, a bono ! ' 
And somme of hem she grannted 

And somme she wemed wel and faire ; 
And somme she grannted the contraire 
Of hir axing ntterly. (451) 154 1 

Bat thas I sejre yow trewely. 
What hir cause was, I niste. 

Z^ l^eus of Jome. 

Forthii folk, fnl wsl t wiato, 

And apaadthea forth.' AndhaMUi 


They h»dd« good ft™ ooh deMTved, 


Took to a man, that hl^t THtan, 

Althogh UiS7 iwe diTonly Miv^ i 


Eight u hir nwtor, duns Fortone, 

And leet a oaiteyn wind to go. 

That Uew ao hidooily and hye, 

Now harkne bow she gu to ftyt 

Thathitnaleftenotaakya (510 


Thkt gouiie Mr of hirBraoa pay ; 


In al the walken longa and brood. 

And Tit, lo, >1 thii oompanye 

This Solus no-wher abood 

Btydan woth, and Dogbt > Ire. 

lU he was ooma at Eamaa ftot, 

' Ifadame,' leydBU tli*r, ' wa tw 

And eek (he man that Triton haet 1 

EV>Ik that hear bawohan that, 

And ther he stood, aa stiU aa atoon. 


Tbat thou Bntmta na now good fame, 


And her-withal thar eom anoon 

And lets ma werkea has that nama 

Of gode folk, and gnnne oiya, 

Of good wark, give Da good mnoim.' 

' Lady, graante ua now good &ma, 

■ I wame yow hit,' qnod she anoon, 

And lat oar werkaa han that name 


' Ta gets of me good fama nocm, (170) is6o 

By god I and tharfor go your way.' 

And also god your aoule bleasa I 

' Alaa,' quod they, ' and walaway 1 

For we han wel deserved hit, 

Telle Tia, what may you caoaa ha r ' 

Theribr is right that we ben quit.' 

'For ma lilt hit noght,' qnod aha i 

'As tbiTva I,' quod she, 'ye 


' No wight ahal (pake of yow, y-wia, 



Good ne harm, ue that ne thii.' 

Oood werkea ahal yow noght avaUa 


And with that word iha gan to oalle 

To have of ma good &me aa now. 

Hir menanger, that wu in halla. 

But wite ye what f I giannte yow. 

And bad that ho ahnlde faota goon. 

That ye shal have a ahrewed fame 


tUppeyno lobe blind anoon. (tSo) 

And wikkad looa, and woiae nwne. 


For Solos, the god of winde ;— 

Though ye good looa have wol deeerved. 

' In Trace therya ihol him flnde, 

Now go yonr way, for ye be served j 

And hid him brin«e hia clarioiui. 

And thou, dan Bolus, let see 1 

That i» fal dyvan of hia ionn, 

Tak forth thy trumpe anon,' qnod ahe, 

And hit ia olepad CUre I^nde, 


' That is y-olapod Solaundar light, 


With which ha wont U to hannda 

And blow hir looa, that avary wlgbt 

Hem that me liit y-preimd be : 

And ah» bid him how tbat he 

Brings hia other otarioon, 

For thoQ ahalt trumpa al the oontra 


Of that they ban don wal or faire.' 


With which he wont ia to difihme 


Hem that ms liit, and do ham ihanu.' 

Han theae lory oroaturas 1 


Tta thay, amonges al the pres, 

And found wher, in a oave of atoiu. 

Shul tboa baahamed giltalesl 

tn a oontree that highte Trace, 


Bat what 1 bit moate nedea be.' 

■ 6js 

Thia EolDS, with harda graoa, 

What did thia Kolns, but he 

Hald the windea in diatraaae, 

Tok out his hUkke trumpe of bras, 

And gan hem under him to prana. 

That fonler than the davil wac, 

That they gonne aa bsrea rore, 

And gan this trumpe forto blowe, 

He bond and preand hem » sora. 



Thii meaoangur gan ftite orya, 


' Btb Dp,' qnod ha, ■ and ftata hya, 

Wants thia fenla trumpes sonn, 

Til that thon at my lady be 1 

Aa iwiA aa pelet oat of gonna. 

And tak thy oUrioni Mk with Uue, 

Whan ^ !■ in the pondre mine. 

An^ airiclic a snuilii gwn ont-weudB 1645 

Oat of bis fonle tmmpcf anilo, 

Bliili, bio, gneiah, RwartisL reeil. 

Ai doth wbsT that mei 

Ijo, ol on high fro the ttiel I 

And tberto 00 tbiag nogb I vol, (jAof i&s" 

That, Iha fertbcT that bit ran, 

Th« gnttar wezon hit began, 

At doth the river from a welle, 

And hit BUsk aa the pit of helle. 

Alaa, thus ns fair ebune y-nmga, itisj 

And gOtelw*, on ovory tonga, 

Tfao com the thridda companj-a, 
Aod frqnne op to tho dees tu hye, 
And donn on faneea they OUa anon, 
And aeyde, ' Wo ben eTaricbon (570) 1660 
Folk thai han fnl tieinjy 
Deserved fame rightfnUj', 
And pRQV yvyr, hit mot be knows, 
Right u hit If, and tbrtb y-blowe,' 
' 1 gnmnte,' quod she, ' for me list i!>6j 
That now yoBT gode -fwerk be wist ; 
Aod yit ye Bbol han better loog, 
Bight in diflpyt of ^le yrmr fooe, 
Than voitby i*; and that anoon : 
lAtnDw.'gnod^B, 'thy tnunpe goon, <jRo) 
Thou Eolns, that it ao blak ; 1O71 

And oat thyn oUier tmmpa tah 
That highte Laado. and blow hit so 
That Ihrongh tha world hirfama go 
Al eaely, and not to fasto, 1675 

That hit be knowen alte laste.' 

■ Pnl gladly, lady myn,' ho Bayde ; 
And out bia Cnunpe of gotde he brayda 
AuoQ. and aett« hit to his montha, 
And blew hit eit, and west, and aonthe.tsQo) 
And noitb, ai londa as any thnndor, itiSi 
That every wight baddo of hit wonder, 
So brode hit ran, or than hit itente. 
And. certea, al the bieeth that wente 
Ont ofhiatnimpeg monthe anielde t^Sf 
Ab naen ■ pot-fol fbawnie helde 
Among a buket fal of rosea ^ 
Thia favour dide he tU bix loaea. 

And right with thia I gan aapya. 
Ther com the fertha companya— (600) 1690 
Bat certeyn they ware wonder fewe — 
And gonne itonden In a rewe, 
And aeydcn, ' OerUs, lady brigbte, 
We ban don *al with al onr migbte ; 
But we ne kepen have no fame. 109s 

Hyd oor werkea and 

For goddca love 1 for 

Han ceiteyn doon hit for Ixmntee. 

And for no manor other thing.' 

' I graonte yow al yooi asking,' fl] 

Qnod she ; ' let yonr twerk be fUti 

Witb tbat abonte I clov myn heed. 
And Hingb anoon tbe fifl« 
That to this lady gonne IoDt«, 
And doim on knees anoon tn faua 1 1 juf 
And tu hir tho besonghten alio 
To hyda hir godo werkes eek. 
And suyde, they yeven noght a lock 
For flune, ne for awich ranonn ; 
For they, for contomplactonn (^xt) 1710 
And goddea lore, hadde y-wronght ; 
Ne of fame wolde they nonght. 

' What ? ' qnod ahe, ' and be yo irood ? 
And wone ye for to do good. 
And for to have of that no ftme P 
Have ye dispyt to have my name ? 
Xoy, 3-0 shnl liven ererlcbooD ! 
Blow thy trnmpe and that anoon,' 
Qnud she, ' thoa Eolas, I bote, 
And nog this folkos -{^verk by note, ( 
That al the world may of bit here. ' 
And he gan blowe hir loos so elere 
In his goMen oUrtoim, 
That tbrongh the world wen(« tho aoi 
tSo kenely, and oak so softe ; 
Bat stte laste bit was on-Ioflcv 

Thoo com the seite comiianye, 
And gonne fast« on I^me crya. 
Bight vemdiy, in this maoere 
Theyaeyden ; "Marty, lady dere! lAio)' 
To tello certcin, aa hit is. 
We ban don neither that ne this, 
Bat ydel al oar lyf y-be. 
Bat, nathelea, yit proye we, 
That we mowe ban ao good a rame. 
And greet renoon and knowen nai 
As tbey that han don noble gest«8, 
And aeheved alio bir lest as. 
As wel of love na other thing ; 
Al was na never broche na ring. (Sjo) : 
tie eUea nought, 
Ne ones in hir berta y-mant 
To make US only frendly ohere, 
But migbta temcD ns on bera ; 
Yit lat OS to tbe peple aems 
Swicheas tha world may of Us l 





'I'hdt wimmon iavea as for wood. 

Hit shol don lu u mocha good, 

.Vnd to our berte aa moohs avails 

Taooimtrepoisoose and travails, (660)175^ 

Aa WD bad nonna hit with laboni ; 

For tliat is dere bogbt honour 

At rogiud of Dar^rate eae. 

And yit thou moflt ob more ploAa ; 

Let na be holdea eek, therto, 1755 

Worthy, wyao, and gode ahw, 

Z^t ^euB of ^omt. 


ippy Q! 

For goddi 

Though va may not tho body have 

SufTycsth that wo lion the fnmo.' 

' I grnimto,' cjaoil sho, ' by my trottthe ! 
Now, Eolofl, with-outon sloutho, 
Tuk ont thy trmnpe ofgHld, flat Bsa, 1765 

That overy man weua hom at eso, 
Thoiigli they gon in ful badde laae.' 
This Eolus gaii hil bo lilowe, (679) 1769 
That throngh tho world hit was y- 
Tho 00m tbo BGVonth 
And fel on koefls overkhoon, 

No coode hem noght of love wcme ; 
And yit ahe tbat grint at a qneme 
Is aJ to good to Gfio hirhorto."' 

This Eolns anon np aterte, (710) iSa 
And with his blaUie olorionn 
He gon to bUsen ottt u Bovm, 
As londe as belweth wind in hells. 
And oektberwith, [tho] sooth to telle, 
This souu was |aJ] so fol of japes, iSu; 

As over moWGS were in apes. 
And that wenlc al the world abontc, 
Thnt every wight gon on horn shouta. 
And for to langhe as they were wode ; 
Such giune fonde they in hir hade. (710 

Tho com another compaflyo, iHn 

That had y-doon tho ttaiterye, 
Tho barra, tho fgretest wikkednesse 
That any horta oouthe gosso ; 
And prayod hir to han good fame, iSij 
And that aho nolde hem doon ta 

Bat yevB hem loos anii good renniin, 

And do hit blows in eUrimin. 

' Nay, wia ! ' qnod sho, ' hit wstb 1 


iC$e 1^ott0 of JiM»e« 


'And wlkflKfor didett thou lo?' quod 


* Biy my thrift,' quod he, ' madazoe, 
I wolde fiiyn han had a £une, 

Aa other folk hadde in the toon, 

Al-thogh th^ were of greet renoon (760) 

For hir vertu and for hir thewes ; 1851 

ThoDgfate I, as greet a fame han ehrewee, 

Thogh hit be fbat for ahrewednene, 

Aa gode folk han for goodoeeee ; 

And dth I may not hare that oon, 1855 

lliat other nil I noght for-goon. 

And for to gette of Fames hyre, 

like temple sette I al a-fyre. 

Now do oar loos be blowen swythe, 

As wisly be thoa ever Uythe.' (770) i860 

* Gladly,' qnod she; * thou Eolns, 
Hezestow not what th^ pr^sren ns?' 

* Madame, yis, ftil wel,' quod he, 

* And I wil tmmpen hit, parde ! * 
AndtokhisUakketrompe&ste, 1865 
And gan to pnifen and to Uaste, 

Til hit was at the woorldes ende. 

With that I gan abonte wende ; 
For oon that stood right at my bak, 
Me thoDghte, goodly to me spak, (780) 1870 
And sesrde : * Frend, what is thy name ? 
Artow come hider to han fame ? ' 

* Nay, for^othe, firend ! * quod I ; 

* I cam noght hider, graxmt mercy ! 

F6r no swioh cause, by my heed ! 1875 

Sofiyoeth me, as I were deed, 

That no wig^t have my name in 

I woot my-self best how I stonde ; 
For what I drye or what I thinke, 
I wol my-selven al hit drinke, (790) 1880 
Gertesni, for the more part. 
As ferforth as I can myn art' 

* Bat what dost thoa here than ?' quod he. 
Qaod I, * that wol I tellen thee. 

The caose why I stonde here : — 1885 

Som newe tydings for to lere: — 

Som newe fthinges, I not what, 

T^dinges, other this or that. 

Of love, or swiche thinges glade. 

For oerteynly, he that me made (800) 1890 

To comen hider, seyde me, 

I sholde bothe here and see, 

In this place, wonder thinges ; 

Bat these be no swiche tjrdixiges 

As I mene of.' * No ?* qaod he. 1895 

And I answerde, * No, pardee ! 

For wel I -f-wiste, ever yit, 

Sith that first I hadde wit. 

That som folk han def^yred fame 

Pyversly, and loos, and name ; (810) 1900 

Bat oerteynly, I niste how 

Ne wher that FBune fdwelte, er now ; 

Ne eek of hir descripcioon, 

Ne also hir oondioioan, 

Ne the ordre of hir dome, 1905 

Unto the tyme I hider come.' 

^fWhiohe be, lo, these tydinges. 

That thoa now [thas] hider biinges. 

That thoa hast herd ? ' qaod he to me ; 

* Bat now, no fors ; for wel I see (8ao) 1910 

What thoa de^yrest for to here. 

Com forth, and stond no longer here. 

And I wol thee, with-oaten drede. 

In swich another place lede, 

Ther thoa shalt here many oon.' 1915 

Tho gan I forth with him to goon 
Oat of the castel, soth to seye. 
Tho saogh I stonde in a valeye. 
Under the castel, faste by, 
An hoas, that domtu Deddli^ (850) 19M 
That Labarinhu oleped is, 
Nas maad so wonderliohe, y-wis, 
Ne half so qaeynteliche y-wronght. 
And evermo, so swifb as thought, 
This qaeynte hoos aboate wonte, 1925 
That never-mo hit stille stente. 
And ther-oat com so greet a noise. 
That, had hit stonden apon Oise, 
Men mighte hit han herd esely 
To Bome, I trowe sikerly. (840) 1950 

And the noyse which that I herde. 
For al the world right so hit ferde. 
As doth the roating of the stoon 
That from th'engyn is leten goon. 

And al this hoos, of whicho I rede, 1935 
Was made of twigges, falwe, rede. 
And gprene eek, and som weren whyte, 
Swiche as men to these cages thwyte. 
Or moken of those paniers, 
Or elles fhottes or dossers ; (850) 1940 

That, for the swongh and for the 

This hoos was also fnl of gigges. 
And also ftd eek of chirkinges, 
And of maoy other werkinges i 

Zit l^ous of Stmt. 

And etk this hons hath of entrees 

As tele u leve* been on tress 

la somer, whan they erene been ; 

Aud on the roof men roay yit Hoon 

A Ihonsand holes, Bnd wel mo, 

To leten wel the ionn ont go. (86.j) 

And by day, in every lyds, 
Hoa al the dores opon vyde, 
And by night, bchoon, imHhetU! ; 
Ne porter thcr is non to lette 
Nu Dianer tydingfl m to paca ; 
No uovor rcsCe ii in that place, 
That hit oia fUd fnl of tydinges, 
Other hmdo, or of whisprinses ; 
And, over olio the hoosaa Miglca, 
IsAilofroiminges and of junked {3;o) : 
Of fweiTQ, of poes, of tuaria^et, 
Of tteste, of hiboM'jOf via^oa, 
Of nbood, of deeth, of lyfe, 
Of lovo, of hate, acordo, of stiyfc. 
Of loos, Df lore, and of winningea, 
Of bolu, of sckonoue, of bildinges, 
Of fuiro windo*, fof tampeitea, 
OfqmilmootfolkiBndook of bostos; 
Of dyvun transmutacionns 
Of catata, and eok of rcgioans; (8So) 
I of dredCi of jelot 

What wondiea La this place been ; J 
For yit, paravenlare, I m^ lere I 
Som good thar4n, or nunwliat hsn'' 
That leaf ma ynne, ot that I wenta.' ■* 
' Peter ! that is myn ententtij^ (Qvo) so 
Qaod he t« me i ' therfor I dmlie ; 
But certain, oon thing I tbas t«lls, 
That, hat t bringe thee tbef-inne, 
Ne ahalt thoa aever cnnne ginne 


» hit, 01 

of don 

hit nhirleth, lo, aboaU. 
Bnt BJth that Jorea, of his grace, 
As 1 have seyd, wol thee aolace 
Fycally with fswichs thingfS, 
Uanontha sighCcs and ^rdingBS, (i^mj) xmo 
To paase with thyn hevinioM ; 
Soche nnithe hath be of thy distnisaD, 
That thon snffrofft debonairly — > 
And wort thy-selvcn ntterly 
Diseiparat of alle blis, »ij 

Sitb that Fortune bath maad a-mis 
The ffrnil of al thyn hertea reste 
LangDisaha and eok in point lo bresto— 
That he, throogh his mighty mdyto, 
Wol do thee eae, a] be hit lyto, (930) mw 
And -(yaf ezpree cunuaaandement. 
To whiahe I am obedient. 


Zit l^oue of f^mt. 


Slfl^t il»iii and seyde : ' Kost not 

YkuA is iMtid, lo, Iftte oor now? ' 

*Ko,' qiiod fthe other, *t6l me what ;'— 
And than he tolde him this and that, (960) 
And fwoor ther4o that hit was eootli — 
^Thna hath he e^'— and ^Thni he 

dooth' — aosa 

■fThiis ihal hit be*— *flhiii herde I 

■eye* — 
'That shal be found* — 'That dar I 

leye : * — 
That al the folk that is a-lyve 2055 

Ne han the oonning to discxyve 
The thinges that I herde there. 
What aloade, and what in ere. 
But al the wonder-most was this : — 
Whan oon had herd a thing, y-wis, (970) 
He com fforth to another wight, ao6i 
And gan him tellen, anoon-right, 
The same that to him was told. 
Or hit a ftirlong-way was old. 
But gan Bomwhat for to eche 9065 

To this tyding in this speche 
More than hit ever was. 
And nat so sone departed nas 
That he £ro him, that he ne mette 
With the thridde ; and, or he lette (980) 
Any stoonde, he tolde him als ; 2071 

Were the tyding sooth or finis. 
Tit wolde he telle hit nathelees, 
And evermo with more enorees 
Than hit was erst. Thus north and 

Boathe 3075 

Went every fword tro month to monthe. 
And that encresing ever-mo, ^ 

As fyr is wont to quikke and go 
From a sparke spronge amis, 
Til al a citee brent np is. (990) ao8o 

And, whan that was taX yHQnronge, 
And woxen more on every tonge 
Than ever hit was, fhit wente anoon 
Up to a windowe, out to goon ; 
Or, but hit mightd ont ther pace, 2085 
Hit gan oat crepe at som crevace. 
And fleigh forth faste for the nones. 
And somtjrme saugh I tho, at ones, 
A lesing and a sad soth-sawe. 
That gonne of aventore drawe (1000) 9090 
Out at a windowe for to pace ; 
And, when they metten in that place, 

Th^ were anshekked bothe two, 

And neither of hem moste oat go ; 

For other so they gonne ozonde, 2095 

Til eche of hem gan cryen loader 

* Lat me go first ! * * Kay, bat lat me ! 

And here I wol ensoren thee 

With the nones that thoa wolt do so. 

That I shal never ito thee go, (loio) aioo 

But be thyn owne sworen brother ! 

We wil medle ns eoh with other. 

That no man, be he never so wrothe, 

Shal han fthat oon of two, bat bothe 

At ones, al beside his leve, S105 

Come we a>morwe or on eve, 

Be we oryed or stille y-rooned.* 

Thus saogh I fals and sooth oom« 

Togeder flee for 00 tydinge. 

Thus ont at holes gonne wringe (1000) 
Every tyding straight to Fame ; si 11 

And she gan yeven eche his name, 
After hir dispoeioioon. 
And 3^ hem eek doracioon. 
Some to wexe and wane sone, 31 15 

As dooth the faire whyte mone, 
And leet hem gon. Ther mighte I 

Wenged wondres faste fleen. 
Twenty thousand in a route, 
As Eolns hem blew aboute. (1030) aiao 

And, lord ! this hous, in alle tsrmes. 
Was taX of shipmen and pilgrjrmes, 
With scrippes bret-fiil of lesinges, 
Entremedlcd with tjrdinges, 
And eek alone by hem-selve. 2125 

O, many a thousand tymes twelve 
Saugh I eek of these pardoneres, 
Currours, and eek messangeres. 
With boistes crammed ful of lyes 
As ever vessel was with lyea (1040) aiyo 
And as I alther-fastest wente 
Aboute, and dide al myn entente 
Me for to pleye and for to lere. 
And eek a tyding for to here. 
That I had herd of som contree ^135 

That shal not now be told for me ; — 
For hit no nede is, redely ; 
Folk can singe hit bet than I ; 
For al mot out, other late or rathe, 
Alle the sheves in the lathe ; — (1Q50) 2140 
I herde a gret noise withalle 

ZU l^oiuE of ^amt. 

In a corcor oCtbe halle, 

Thor men of Inre tydings tolde, 

And I gan Uudorwartl bolioldo ; 

For I Bimgh roonineo every wight, ii 

As £uta u th&t they liadden might ; 

And Qvetich cryed^ ^ What tliiiig 

And som aoyde I not never what. 
And wboD Uiey were alle on an hape, 
Tho behindo gonno up Upo, (1060) 1150 

And clambec Qp on otbare faats, — 

And ap tho fnoee on by& caatv. 
And Iroden £uta on othera helea 
And ttATDpe, (u men don %Her sla^ 

Atte U«te I stogh a nuui, 115s 

Which UiM I [nevsne] naught no can ; 
Bat he eemed torUihe 
A nuui otgTtet vaiotitee . . . (iii6ft)>i5S 



i ■ 

TsxT A (EarUer Venlon\ 
The ftotoge cf .ix, goods Wimmen, 

A TBODIAVD ^ythoB have I herd men 

*IhM,t ther is joye in heven, and peyne in 

And I aooide wel that hit be bo ; 
But natheles, this wot I wel also, 
That ther nis noon that dwelleth in this 

contree, 5 

That either hath in helle or heven y-be, 
Ke may of hit non other weyes witen, 
Bnt as he hath herd seyd, or fonnde hit 

For by assay ther may no man hit preye. 
Bnt goddes forbode, but men shnlde leve 
Wel more thing then men han seen with 

yi! II 

Men shal nat wenen evexy-thing a ]y6 
*^ For that he seigh it nat of yore ago. 
Ood wot, a thing is never the lease so 

Thogh every wight ne may hit nat y-see. 
Bernard the monk ne saugh nat al, parde ! 

Than mote we to bokes that we finde, 
Through which that olde thinges been in 

And to the doctrine of these olde wyse, 
Yeren credence, in every skiliVil wyse, ao 
And trowen on these olde aproved stories 
Of holinesse, of regnes, of victones, 
Of love, of hate, of other sundry thinges. 
Of whiche I may not maken rcJiersinges. 
And if that olde bokes were a-wejre, 35 
Y-loren were of remembrannce the kejre. 
Wel oghte ns than on olde bokes leve, 

Text B {Later Version). 
The prologe of .ix, goode Wimmen, 

A THonsAVD tymes have I herd men 

That ther is joye in hevon, and peyne in 

And I aoorde wel that hit is so ; 
But natheles, jdt wot I wel also, 
That ther nis noon dwelling in this 

oontree, 5 

That either hath in heven or helle y-be, 
Ke may of hit non other weyes witen. 
But as he hath herd seyd, or founde hit 

writen ; 
For by assay ther may no man hit preve. 
But god forbede but men shnlde leve 10 
Wel more thing then men han seen with 

Men shal nat wenen every-thing a lye 
But-if him-self hit seeth, or elles dooth ; 
For, god wot, thing is never the lasse 

sooth, 14 

Thogh every wight ne may hit nat y-see. 
Bernard the monk ne saugh nat al, parde ! 

Than mote we to bokes that we finde. 
Through which that olde thinges been in 

And to the doctrine of these olde wyse, 
Yeve credence, in every skilful wyse, ao 
That tellen of these olde approved stories. 
Of holinesse, of regnes, of vISTories, 
Of love, of hate, of other sundry thinges. 
Of whiche I may not maken reherginges. 
And if that olde bokes were a-weye, 2$ 
Y-loren were of remembrannce the kejre. 
Wel oghte ns than honouron and brieve 

^6e Bt^tnl of €oe( [^omen. 

yevB awich loit Kod iwicb 

That from my 
Or clloa in the 

bokas mako mo to gooil, 
cr np-on the haly-day, 35 

Whan tliat I 

sre tho BDiftlo fmUea singe, 

A ad that th.i 


for lo ipringe. 

Tliftl, ofnllotha' 

cbUbii liayaioa in oar tonn. 
to greet affeccioTui, 44 
whan comon la tho Ma^, 

And in loyn bene havs bem in reverenre 

So hertely, that ther in puae noon 
That fro m; bokea nuketh me Id goan. 
Bat Lit bfl seldom, on the holiday ; 3s 
Save, oorl«jTilj-| wh»n that the month of 

la ooman, and that I bera the taalta 

And that the flonraa ginne n for to iprioge, 
Farwet my book and my deTocionn 1 

Now havo I than iwich a oondicionn. 
That, of alio the flonna in tha mede. 41 
Than loro I mofft thaaa flonrea whyte and 

Swiche as men callon daysiea in onr t^rnn. 
To hem have I bo greet affecoionn, 44 
As I uyda vim, vhaa cornea is the Itny, 
That in my bed thor daweth me no day 
That I nam np, and valking in the mede 

IptofegHe. (C^iM ^ttvfoiu.) 


ror ml I mk, thml felk han lui^Won 
Of maUnc mpon, and lad a-w^ tka Dam ; 
And I eoma aAor, k'o''^ l**™ and 



Otaay pxidlyword Uiat th^ bMi left. 6j 
And, U hit li>vp« ma Tahenan aft 
That tluy han in her ftiiMliii icnigei myd, 
I hops tluit they wil nat tMn bt*! apafd, 
Sith hit la nid In fbrthoiini and bononr 
Of bam that ciUwrNiTsa leaf oifloiiT. jo 

Aa of the leef, agCTn the Sour, t« make ; 
Va of the Baex to make, ageyn the leef, 
Vo more than of the com ageyn the 

YoT, aa to me, u laMbr noon oe lothsr; 75 
I am with-holde ylt vllfa never nothar, 
I not who aeiveth leaf, na who the flonr; 

For thii tmk la al of another tonne, 79 

~)f olds atory, er iwloh ttryf waabagimns. 

~ ~ I that I ipak, to yvn ore- 


To bgkn oUe and doon hem Tevsrenoe, 
Ii At man ahnlde antoriteea beleve, 
Hut aa th«r lyth non ethar aaaay by 

For myn entent U, or I fto yov &re, S5 
The naked t«xt in ^'^e'"*' to deolare 
Of many aatoiy, or ellaa of manyastata, 
i levathhamifymrlMtel 

SiiSaant thla floor to pny«e aright : 
But helpath, ye that han oonning and 

Ye loven, that ean make of lantemeDt ; 
Id thii caa ogbla ya ba dillgant 70 

To fbrthran me aomvhat In my labour, 
Whether ya ban with the leef or with the 

For wel I wot, that ye han her-bifom 
Of making ropan, and lad awey the com; 
And I come (iter, glaning here and 
there, 75 

And am tal ^ad if I may llnde an era 
Of any goodly word that ye ban lefl. 
And thogh it happen me nharoan aA 
That^ han in yonr taaidia aongaa aayd, 
For-beieth me, and bath nat aval apayd. 
Sin that ye pee I do hit in the honour St 
Of lova, and eek in aervice of the flonr, 
Wham that I aerve aa I have wit or 

She iaUio olemeaae and the Tarray light, 
That in tlui derke worlde me wynt and 

ledeth, 8s 

The barte in-witb my aorowAil hreat yov 

And loTeth ao aore, that ye b«i vBrrayly 
The maiatrena of my wit, and nothini; I. 
My word, my werk, i« knit » in your 

That, as an harpe obayetb to the bonds go 
And maketh bit aonne after bis flnger- 

Bigbt BO mowe ye ont of myn herta 

Swich Toil, right aa yow lilt, to langha 

Ba ya my gyde and lady •OTareyne ; 

Aa to myn orthly god, to yow I ciille, 95 

Botbe in this warko and in my aorwes 


But wbarfor that I apak, to give cre- 

To olde atoriea, and doon hem reveronca, 
And that men moiten mora thing belovo 
Than men may aeen at eya or allea preve? 

That abaJ I aayn, whan that I aoe my 

I may not al at onei ipeka in lyme. 
Uy baay goat, that tbmateth alwey newo 

'€it Eejenb of Coot {p)omen. 

a passed iTiu almnst the montb at 

ITpon tho fr«»ho daysy to bdhcili 

And c 

■ tLe 

r emd ffoon to 
it, of which she 

For dH-kneaso of tli 

drpcido. 9,1 

Hoom to rojn hnna ful swiftly I mo 

And, in s liUl erl»r thnt I havi, 
Y-beDcboil ncwo with tnrvai ftenhs y- 

I Wi melt sbdUe mo my ooaclie Duks ; 

I bad iiem strowe flonros on my bed. 

Tia Inyd. and hod myn eycn hod. 

To lean this flanc » yoDK< ■<■ ti™b of 

CocBtreyced mo with BO gledy desyr, J05 
Thill in my harto I felo jit the fyr, 
That made ma to rjse er hit war day — 
And tlds was now tha flrste morwe of 

With dredfnl Iierta onil Rtad devociooii. 
For to ban at the TesnrBcoioDii no 

Of this floor, whao that it BhaJd iuuJom 
Agayu the BOODe. that roos aa rede as 

That in the brast n 

if tha b«t« lluLt 

n-riebt I me Wtto. 

(pnhapnt. (Civo (ptrnMs.) 


JA Ua dmpTi, hvn tbom^M hit dU hm 


To rins* <rf him, «iid in Ur (one daqiTM 

Had hMn batrajed with hia aoiiliirtryv. 
TUimahir waag — 'thsfonleiirada^r 
""■"" antgan (layH] on the bnmiiDhia 

or km and {Mar], U>^ jo^e hU wai to 

Blfbt [pliaiiic] QQ-to loT* and to nMon ; 
So Mh of ham [doth vel] to cre&tnrs. 
Tbii aong to harkna I dide al myn 

FoT-'Wh^ I mette I vin« yrh»t thoy meut«. 

la hia daapTt, hem thonf hta hit did ham 

To ainge of him, and In hir aong deapyaa 
The fbnla oharl that, for bii oore ty aa. 
Had hem betrajad with hia lopliiatiTa, 
Thia iraa hir long— ' the fonlac wfl deiya. 
And al hia cimft 1 ' And •dbuhs aongen 
olere i]g 

XMjtt of love, that joya bit waa to hen, 

la wonbipinge and preiiinge of hir make. 
And, for the neve bllsftd aiunaia aaka. 
Upon the hrannoliaa ftil of bloamea aofto, 
Iq hir deljt, the; tnmed ham fU ofte, 144 
And aongen, ' hUiaed be s^nt Talentyn t 
For on hia dJv ^ oheai yow to ba 111711, 
Wlthonten lepantiog, myn herte awate !' 
And tberwlth-al hir bekee gonnen mete, 
Yelding honour and hiimblo obetaannoaa 

To lore, and didan tilr other otiaer- 

Tlult longetb onto lore and to Datnre ; 
Conatneth that aa yow list, I ilo no cnre. 
And tho that hadde doon nnkinde- 

Aa dootb the tydif, for new-fangelnMBe— 
Beaogbte mercy of hir tregpaadnga, 15.'! 
And hnmblely aongen hir lepentinge, 
And (woran on the blosmea to be trewe, 
So that bir mahea wolde upon hem rewo, 
And at the taste maden bir aconl. 
AI fijonde Ihay Daanger for a, tyma a 
lOTd, '^ 

Yet Pitoe, thnragh hia itronga gentll 

Forgaf, and made Uaioy pusen Bight, 
Thiongb innocence and ruled cnrteaya. 
Bat I ne olepa nat Innooonce folye, 
Ne fala pitee, for ' verta ia the mano,' ilj 
Aa Etik aailh, in swich manerc I meno. 
And thna thiae foolea, Toide of al malycn, 
Aeordedan to love, and loflen vyce 
Of hate, and aongen alle of oou acord, 
'Welooma, aomer, oar goremonr and 
lord!' I,-" 

And Zephinit and Flora gentilly 
Taf to the flosraa, aofle and tenderly, 
Rlr iwole breth, and made hem ftor to 

Aa god and goddeese of the flonrj' mede ; 

ZU iUt^ of £(Mt (S9»iMn. 

• tha^te 1 miiMt, daj b 

[Ct pk tfr, col. I, a Ji-8tt] 

[Cf. p. «'. «! 'i 11- 9J-KA] 

doDii All ■oAolj' IgHita iliika; 
id, Uninga am mjn elbcnra and &17 
Wde, 179 

Ae loDf* iaj I (boap ma for to Bfayd* 
Fct Dothing gll««, ftnd I ihal natlja, 
But for to loks npmi ths dmjtaj*, 
Tliat wal b; raxni loaa hit oklla maj 
' dsTHT* ' or gllM tht ■ ;• rf dv>' 
TbaamparlMkndflaDiof floDTMtlla. 1S5 
I pnqr to gdd that foln mot ah* folia, 
' alia tliat loran floona, fi» hir aaka I 

Id pn^aing of tba ftcnragarn tlu laaf| 
~~a man than of tha 00m agiu-n the 

FVxr, as to ma, nil laver noon &• lothar j 
I nam Yrith-holdsn ylt with navsr nolhar. 
Ni I not vho aarvath laa^ na who ths 

Wal bTDiikaii thiy hir anvioa at labour ; 
For thii thing I« al of another tmme, 195 
Of olde itorj, er iwleh thing was be- 

WliBn that the ■mna ont of the scmtb 

And that tbli flonr gan olaaa and goon to 

For ilai^iiiiaaii of tha night, the which ihs 

mm to myn hoiia fbl twiftly I ma 

I goon to reata, and arly fot to lyn, 
laeoi thiaflcmrtoiprada, aaldarjaa. 
And, in a lital haibar that I hava, 
" lat benehed wai on torres fiaMlm 7- 

Fordernteeoftha new* •omens lake, 
) ham itrawen flonna on mj bed. 
Whan I was lard, and had aya ayan 

Tllat thelastealukaMngaboTai 141 
' I aaa,' quod aha, ■ tha migbtr fod of Ion 1 
Lo 1 Tond ha oometh, I ■•• hla wlngis 

Tbo gan I lokan endalong tha mada^ 


in-with an honra or two ; 
' Ilay in the medsw tbo, 11 
OUT that I so lore and dradi 

And ftom a-f ar oom walking in tha a 

({hrofo^e. {Zt^o (PevdMs.) 


And saw him oome, and in hii hond a 
qnane, 145 

dottiad in xyal abite al of grene. 
A first of g(dd she hadde next hir beer, 
And np-on that a whyt ooronn she beer 
With many flonres, and I shal nat lye ; 
Voir al the world, xigtit aa the daye^ye 150 
Leoroned is with whyte leres lyte, 
8wioh were the flooree of hir ooroon 

For of o perle fyn and oriental 
Hir whyte ooroon was y-maked al ; 
For which the whyte ooroon, above the 
grene, 155 

ICade hir lyk a daysie for to sene, 
Coniidered eek the fret of gold above. 

T-clothed was this mighty god of love 
Of cilh, y-brooded ftil of grene greves ; 
A garlond on his heed of rose-leves 160 
Steked al with lilie floores newe ; 
Bnt of his face I can nat seyn the hewe. 

For sekirly his face shoon so brighte, 

That with the gleem a-stoned was the 
sighte ; 164 

A fiirlong-w^ I mighte him nat beholde. 

Bat at the laste in hande I saw him 

Two fyry dartes, as the gledes rede ; 

And aongellich his wenges gan he sprede. 

And al be that men aeiyn that blind is he, 
Al-gate me thonghte he mighte wel y-eee ; 
For stemely on me he gan biholde, 171 
80 that his loking doth myn herte oolde. 
And by the hande he held the noble 

Corooned with whyte, and clothed al in 

So womanly, so benigne, and so meke, 175 
That in this world, thogh that men wolde 

Half hir beaotee sholde men nat finde 
In creatore that formed is by kinde, 
Hir name was Aloeste the debonayre ; 
IpreytogodthateverDiJleshefiiyrel 180 
For ne hadde oonfort been of hir pre- 
I had be deed, withootan any defence, 

The god of love, and in his hande a 

And she was clad in real habit grene. 
A fret of gold she hadde next hir heer, 215 
And opon that a whyt ooroon she beer 
With floroons smale, and I shal nat lye ; 
For al the world, ryght as a dayessre 
Y-corooned is with whyte leves lyte, aig 
So were the floroons of hir ooroon 

For of o perle fyne, oriental, 
Hir whyte ooroon was y>maked al ; 
For which the whyte ooroon, above the 

Made hir lyk a daysie for to sene, 
CVmsidered eek hir firet of gold above. ^25 
Y-clothed was this mighty god of love 
In silke, enbrooded ftil of grene greves, 
In-with a firet of rede rose-leves. 
The firesshest sin the world was first 

higonne. 939 

His gilte heer was ooronned with asonne, 
In-etede of gold, for hevinesse and wighte ; 
Therwith me thonghte his face shoon so 


That wel onnethes mighte I him beholde ; 
And in his hande me thonghte I sangh 

him holde 
Two fyry dartes, as the gledes rede ; 955 
And aongellyke his winges sangh I 

And al be that men seyn that blind is be, 
Al-gate me thonghte that he mighte see ; 
For stemely on me he gan biholde, 
So that his loking doth myn herte coldo. 
And by the hande he held this noblo 

qoene, 341 

Corooned with whyte, and clothed al in 

So womanly, so benigne, and so meke. 
That in this world, thogh that men wolde 

Half hir beaotee sholde men nat finde 245 
In creatore that formed is by kinde. 
[Cf. p. 357, coL a, 11. 276-9.] 

K a 

Zh fiegeni of Coo5 (pSomen. 

For dreJe of Love* vordM and bis chcre, 
As, wlinn \yme ii, her-ailer ye ihal berg. 
Byliind thii god of love, np-on thii grane, 
I mw comlnge of ladyU Dyntece M 

In ryol Bltita, > fnl say poi, 
Aii4 alter liaiii oom of wsmBn rwich & tni 
That, sin that god Adam made of ertha, 
Tbe tbroddo part of wemen, DO the fsrthv, 
Lt by po6iiihititee 

iCf. p. J57, eoL 1, 11, 180-196.] 

And t 

of love t 

Now vhellior woe that a wonder thing 

Thst, Tight anoon ta that Uiey pmiM 
Mpye i; 

This Qunr, which that I clepe the dayeiyt 
Fnl eodeinly thoy Minten alle at-one», 
And knelod adonn, ae it ware for tha 

littrniBneBBbontethuflooraneaypas, m 
And aongon. bi It vare In carole-wyu, 
This liaindc, which that I ihal yow devyte. 

(|>rolbs^ie. (t^wo (^erdons.) 


llAk of your inmXbm in low no bost ne 

Ypomlftre or Adrians, ne pleiyne ; 
AloMle if here, that al thftt may destojne. 

Whan that thia balade al y-aongen was, 

[Cf. pp. 355-6, coL I, U. i79-i$)8.] 

Upon the tofte and swote grene gras, 335 
They aetten hem fnl aoftely adouii, 
By ordre alle in compiw, alle enveroun. 
First sat the god of love, and than this 

With the whyte coroun, clad in grene ; 
And eithen al the remenant by and by, 
As they were ot' degree, fnl corteisly ; ^3 1 

Maketh of your tronthe n^srther boost ne 

Xor Tpermistro or Adrians, ye tweyne ; 
ICy lady cometh, that al this may disr 


ThiBbalademayftilwely-songenbe, ajo 
As I have seyd erst, by my lady firee ; 
For oerteynly, alle these mow nat sniSyse 
To apperen with my lady in no wyse. 
For as the sonne wol the fyr disteyne. 
So passeth al my lady sovereyne, 275 

That is so good, so fair, so debonaire ; 
I prey to god that ever fieJle hir faire ! 
For, nadde comfort been of hir presence, 
I had ben deed, withonten any defence. 
For drede of Loves wordes and his chore; 
As, when tyme is, her-after ye shal here. 
Behind this god of love, upon the grene, 
I sangh cominge of ladyfis nyntene 
In real habit, a fol esy paas ; 
And after hem oom of women swich a 

traas, 385 

That, sin that god Adam had maad of 

The thridde part of mankynd, or the 

Ne wende I nat hy poesibilitee. 
Had over in this w>'de worlde y-be ; 
And trewe of love thise women were 

echoon. 390 

Now whether was that a wonder thing 

or noon. 
That, right anoon as that they gonne 

This flour, which that I clepe the dajresye, 
Fol sodeinly they stinten alle at ones, 
And kneled dotm, as it were for the 

nones, 395 

And songen with o vois, * Hole and honour 
To tronthe of womanhede, and to this flour 
That berth our alder prys in figuringe ! 
Hir whyte coroun berth the witnessinge !' 
And with that word, a-compas en- 

viroun, 300 

They setten hem ful softcly adoun. 
First sat the god of love, and sith his 

With the whyte coroun, clad in grene ; 
And sithen al the remenant by and by, 
As they were of estaat, I'ul curtcisly ; 305 

t!:Se £egM) of £!oo& <^omin- 

Xe nub a wonl wns epakon in the placo 

No nat a word wm npoken in the pLioe 

I, leniiig fasbe by undar n bento, 

I ktiaUnK by this floor, In £<»<■ entenle 

Abood, to knowen what this pople mente, 

Abood, to knowen what this psrle nwnte, 

.AEgtil!euaii}-iitoou;tila(IliolBSt«, >j6 

Ab atilla aa any stoon ; tU at llie la«Is, jia 

The god of lOYB on mo his eye caste, 

This god of iove on mo his eyen casta, 

And seyde, <wbo reoteth thee?' and I 

And leyda, 'who kneleth thor?' and I 


I'n-to his axing, whan that t him benle, 

Unto his askinK. «ban that I hit herde. 

And apydo, ' >ir, hit am 1 ' ; and cam him 

And leyde, 'sir, hit am I '; and com him 

And Bslned him. Qnod ho, ' whnt dostow 

And naluMl him. Quod he, ' what dcato^ 


heer i>S 

In my proBnco, and tJiat BO boldely ? 

So nigh mj-n owne floor, so bt^Iuely? 

Fur it vforo hotter worthy, trewely, 

For it wore bettor worth.v, trewely. 

A wprm to comcn in my ligbt thon 

A worm to neghen nocr my floor thnn 


'And why, air,' qnod I, 'and hit lyko 

'And why, sir," cjuod 1, 'und hit lyke 

ynw?' a4j 


' For tbon,' qnod he, > art ther-lo nothing 

' For thon,' qao^l ho. ' art ther-to nothine 


able, jw 

My Borvaunti beon alio wyso and honoar- 

Thon art my mortal fo. and me wfttreyoit. 

Hit ii mj' rclik, digno and delytablo. 

And Uiou my fo, and nJ my folk wer- 

An.l of mjiie oldo sari-nimta tboD mis- 

^tofegue; {Zr0O QOtwwM.) 


asswere me now to thiS| 
tlum as wel han seyd good- 

Of iPaniMi,as ilioa hMtteyd wikkednease? 
Was thar no good matere in thy minde, 
Ka in alio thy bokaa oondest thoa nat 

flnda ajt 

Sum atoiiy of wamen that were goode and 

IHa ! god wot, sixty bokea olde and newe 
Hart thoa thy>4»lf; alle ftOle of stories 

That botha Biwnains and eek Grekes 

tiete 375 

Of maokdjcy wemen, whieh lyf that they 

And ever an hnndxed gode ageyn oon 

This knoweth god, and alle olerkes eke, 
That Qsen swiohe materes for to seke. 379 
What seith Valerie, Titos, or daadian? 
What seith Jerome agejois Jovinian ? 
How dene maydens, and how trewo 

wyres, aSj 

How sted£ut widwes daring al hir lyyoa^ 
TeUeth Jerome ; and that nat of a fewe, 
Bat, I dar seyn, an hundred on a rewe ; 
That hit is pitee for to rede, and ronthe, 
The wo that they endaren for hir trouthe. 
For to hir love were they so trewe, 
That, rather than they wolde take a. 

They chosen to be dede in sundry wyse, 
And deyden, as the story woldevyse; 391 
And some were hrend, and some were oat 

And some dreynt, for they wolden nat be 

For alle keped they hir maydenhed. 
Or elles wedlok, or hir widwehed. 395 
And this thing was nat kept for hoU- 

Bat al for verray verta and clennesso, 
And for men shnlde sette on hem no lak ; 
And 3dt they woren hethen, al the pak, 
That were so sore adrad of alle shame. 300 
These olde wemen kepte so hir name. 
That in this world I trow men shal nnt 

A man that conde be so trewe and kiude, 
As was the leste woman in that tyde. 

Of thyn answer^ avyse thee right weel 


Z^t Bt^tfA of &ooi ^omCK. 

Wlutb aoitb olM (lie opistels al Oi-yila jus 
Ortr«v,-o wTvcs. Kuilofhir liiL^vxr? 
What VinceDt, in bisSUirial Uirottrf 
Sek ol ths world of aatoara mafitow 

CriBlcn andlioUien,trolflofBwichiiuit«ra ; 
II uoilcth n»t ftldsy thin fni t'ondyte. 310 
But jit I sey, what eyletli thea to wryl« 
Tba draf of rtoriea, and forgo Iho corn? 
By tcint Vonns, of whom tlmt I wna born, 
AlthoQgh [tbitt) than rensyed luMt my 

, olde fok 

Tliiia ahitlt roponte hit, Uiat bit thixl bo 

Tluuk sgiiik Alcests, tba worthicsto 
And Boydp, 'rwI, right of. your cartesyo, 
Ye motcn horknoa if ha cim roplye 
AgBfDa Ifaewt painta that ye hao to him 

A god DP ibolde aat 1>o thtu ngrovod. 
But of Ilia dcitoa he thai be stable, 
And thorto rightfnl and eek merciahlc. 

Ye moten berlcnen if he can reply* 
Agajmi ftl IhlB that ye ban to I 

A pid no ihohle nut be thus ttgnttsd^ 
Bat of his deitee he shot be stable, 
,nd thcrtii gncioas and merdable. 

(Khcot^t. (t!^wo (Per0ton6«) 


And tekth non heed of wliat matere he 

Thorfor he wroot the Boee and eek 

Of innooenoe, and niste what he aejrde ; 
Or him was boden make thilke tweye 346 
Of aom pexione, and dozste hit nat with- 

For he hath writen many a book er this. 
He ne hath nat doon so grevonsly amis 
To translaten that olde clerkes wryten, 350 
As tho^ that he of malice wolde endyten 
Bespjt of love, and hadde himHMlf y- 

lliis shnlde a rightwys lord han in his 

And nat be lyk tixannts of Lombardye, 
niaft nsen wilftUhed and tirannye, 355 
Vox he that king or lord is natorel, 
Him o^te nat be tirannt ne cruel, 
As is a temonr, to doon the harm he can. 
He mosia thinks hit is his lige man, 
Andthathimoweth,ofverraydnetee, 360 
Sheiwen his peple pleyn benignitee, 
And wel to here hir excnsadoans, 
And hir oompleyntes and petieioims. 
In dnsfwe tyme, whan they shal hit profjre. 
lUs Is the sentence of the philnsophre : 
Akingtokepehisligeslnjnstyoe; 366 
With-onten donte, that Is his o£^. 
And therto is a king fol depe y-swom, 
Fal many an hundred winter heer-bifom ; 
And for to kepe his lordes hir degree, 370 
As hit is right and skilAU that they be 
Knhannoed and honoured, and most 

For they ben half-goddes in this world 

This shal he doon, bothe to pore [and] 

Al be that her estat be nat a-liche, 375 
And ban of pore folk eompassionn. 
For lo, the gentU kind of the lionn I 
For whan a flye offendeth him or byteth. 
He with his tayl awey the flye smyteth 
Al esily ; for, of his genterye, 380 

Him d^yneth nat to wreke him on a flye, 
As doth a onrre or elles another beste. 
In noble conge qghte been areste. 
And wmyBSk evezy thing l^ equitee, 
And ever ban reward to his owen degreo. 

Him rekketh noght of what matere he 
take; 3^ 

Or him was boden maken thilke twesre 
Of Bom persone, and dunte hit nat with- 

Or him repenteth utterly of this. 
He ne hath nat doon so grevonsly amis 
To translaten that olde clerkes wiyten, 370 
As thogh that he of malice wolde endyten 
Despyt of love, and had him-self hit 

This shulde a rightwys lord have in his 

And nat be lyk tiraunts of Lumbardye, 
Than han no reward but at tirannye. 375 
For he that king or lord is natural. 
Him oghte nat be tiiaunt ne cruel, 
As is a fermour, to doon the harm he can. 
He moste thinks hit is his lige man. 

And is his tresour, and his gold in cofre. 
This is thesentence of the philosophre : 381 
A king to kepe his liges in justyoe ; 
With-outen doute, that is his ofl^e. 

Al wol he kepe his lordes hir degree, 
As hit is right and skilftd that they be 385 
Enhannced and honoured, and most 

dere — 
For they ben half-goddes in this world 

Yit mot he doon bothe right, to pore and 

Al be that hir estat be nat y-liehe, 
And han of pore folk compassioun. 390 
For lo, the gentil kynd of the leoun ! 
For whan a flye offendeth him or byteth, 
He with his tayl awey the flye smjrteth 
Al esily ; for, of his genterye, 394 

Him deyneth nat to wreke him on a flye. 
As doth a ourre or elles another beste. 
In noble oorage oghte been areste, 
And weyen every thing l^ equitee. 
And ever han reward to his owen degree 


"tit it^tnt of £[oo& (^omtn- 

And, for B lord, that ia fol fool to nsa. 
And if BO be be may him nut Biciue, 
[Batjaxeth mercy with a eorwofnl herto, 
Anil prnfrath him, ri^ht in Li« bora 

Bith D 

B of dee' 

lyUi in this 

Ynw "Bhte boon tlio licli 

Letoth yonr yre, mad both Borovrbat 

trotAbTe 1 
Tho man hath served yo« of his conning, 
And fortheredjroorlawBwith bis making. 
AVhj-1 ho wasjTing, be kept* your entot; 
I not vrber he be now a rene^aL 4UI 

But wel I wat, with that lie con ondyte. 
He hnth maked Uwed folk delyte 
To Bervo yon, in proysing nf your namo. 
Ho mivle the book that hight tha Hoos of 

9 the 

ioforalord ; 

For, Bir, kltiani 

And, f.>r s! lonl, thut ie fol fonl to nan 
And if so be ho may bim nat eicnae, 
Dut Mketh nierc.v with a dredfol hertis 
And pmfreth him, right in hij bore 
Bhorte, 40i 

To b&on right at yonr owne Jngoment. 
Tluin oghtfl a god, hy abort avyaerafait, 
Considrohiflowne honour and hia trespaa. 

in liiith served yo« ot 

Al be bit that ho can nut ws] endyte. 
Yet habb be maked lewed folk dalyte 4 

To serva yon, in preyHius of yotir name. 

fie made ths book that bight the Horn < 
And aek tho Doeth of Blans 

Q>ro(bjjtte* (tvoo (O^etoiut.) 


But h» tbaX malran, as ye wil devjrse, 
Of wuama trswa in Icnrinfe al hir lyve, 
Whar^o ye wil, of maiden orof wyve, 
And fortlurenyow, as maohe as he mis- 

Sijde 430 

Or in the Bose or elles in Cris^yde.* 
Tb% god of kyire answerde hir thus 

* Madame,* quod he, ' hit is so long agoon 
That I yowknew so charitable and trewe, 
That nerer yit) sith that the world was 

newe, 435 

To me ne fbnd I better noon than sre. 
That, if that I wol ntve my degree, 
I may ne wol nat wame your reqneste ; 
Al lyth in yow, doth with him what yow 

leste, 439 

And al foryeve, with-onten longer space ; 
For who-eo yeveth a yift, or doth a grace, 
Do hit by tyme, his thank is wel the 

more , 
And demeth ye what he shal do therfore. 
Oo thanke now my lady heer,' qnod he. 
I rocs, and doan I sette me on my 

knee, 445 

And seyde thus : ' Madame, the god above 
Foryelde yow, that ye the god of love 
Han maked me his wrathe to foryive ; 
And yeve me graoe so long for to live, 
That I may knowe soothly what ye be, 450 
That han me holpen, and put in swich 

But trewely I wende, as in this cas, 
Nanght have agilt, ne doon to love 

Forwhy a trewe man, with-onten drede, 
Hath nat to parten with a theves dede ; 
Ke a trewe kyver oghte me nat Uame, 456 
Tho^ that I speke a fals lover som shame. 
They oghte rather with me for to bolde, 
For that I of Creseyde wroot or tolde. 
Or of the Bose; what-so myn anctonr 
mente, 460 

Algate, god wot, hit was myn entente 
To forthren tronthe in love and hit 

And to be war tro fahnesse and fro vyoe 
By swich ensample ; this was my men- 
And she answerde, * lat be thyn argu- 
ing* ; 465 

Bnt he shal maken, as ye wil devyse, 
Of wommen trewe in lovinge al hir lyve, 
Wher-so ye wil, of maiden or of wyve. 
And forthren yow, as mnche as he mis- 

seyde 440 

Or in the Boee or elles in Creseyde.' 
The god of love answerde hir thus 

* Madame,* quod he, ' hit is so long agoon 
That I yow knew so charitable and trewe, 
That never 3rit, sith that the world was 

newe, 445 

To me ne fond I better noon than sre. 
If that I wdde save my degree, 
I may ne wol nat weme your reqneste ; 
Al lyth in yow, doth with him as yow 

I al foryeve, with-onten longer space ; 450 
For who-eo yeveth a srifb, or doth a grace, 
Do hit by tyme, his thank is wel the 

And demeth ye what he shal do therfore. 
Go thanke now my lady heer,' qnod he. 
I roos, and doon I sette me on my 

knee, 455 

And seyde thns : * Madame, the god above 
Foryelde yow, that ye the god of lo