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Full text of "Illinois Appellate Court Unpublished Opinions: first series"

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BOUMH 



APR 3 1982 



Digitized by tine Internet Arcliive 

in 2010 witli funding from 

CARLI: Consortium of Academic and Researcli Libraries in Illinois 



http://www.archive.org/details/illinoisappellat244illi 



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a. S. JftSSKTT COfeMAlT. Jiot ) 

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TO oxRcoxt Gt^tmr 

Of COOK cotjKnf. 



^^^4 I.A. 6 21^ 

Plaintiff Isr4»u4^i auit io r«oi)T«r th« v&ltt« of o«r- 
t»in ••rrle»« »»1* to "fe* r©nd«3r«v1 by hlas to def«><1«nt titt<i«r «« 
all«g«4 ▼*rl>»l a^T««]»«nt. Cpon trlta the jttry gft-v* hlK » v«rAlei 
ef 1 754 ,83 IM14 jttig»<Mit wtt« mt'sreo! Jor thl» ttneuiit. By thl« 
irrlt «f •rrer dl«f»ir)^«Bt ■««k« ** r«r«r«al. n&iBtlff -♦o** ««it 
af9«*r 10 thle tMiort to .-Iftf^n-ri th« jU'1«)c^-nt, 

Flalntlff 'n olaiB w»» 9^1 <i to b« for ttorvlcMs In 
larostlK&t Inc tit« thol't of na ^ut<MS«bil« uiq4 naklng » r<tport o« 
■•A«, tegot&or 'vlth auiB«yw &4v«UMa«A aad <aai^^B«» lti0urr«4 In 
■ftklbg tlxo iBvettl^^iktion, «««e»n«;ln« «« Ho«4.8ii. iSofwJdant** 
affldsnt of a«nt« <l«ni#^ that It at my tl«o «iieii4{«d or «(tt- 
th«rls*4 plaintiff to j»«rfom any work la aftd about th* thoft of 
«B a^jtORofell* or at a»y tUw toqueotod plaintiff to p«rfori4 aay 
••rrlcoo whatrror for <!«f#n4ant: fi«»l#d tliat plaintiff h»4 p»r- 
f»r»o4 oajr wah PorTlo** or «»!5«n<io<l or advanood say fcoo«y» 

In connaetUn wltU th« all«g«d l«Y«»tlgatloa{ «oui»d that Aw at 
any tlm t»«rfor»sod any oartloao for or on b»haif of dtftfldasit, ««4 
danl«4 that dafou-Sont owod him afry «ion«y trhatoa«v«r. 

Wo aro of tho ovlnlan that iho jiide»iont •«•* *« '•* 
taraed and tho oaitoo rawundad on tho uround that tho ▼•rdlct !• 
eloarly a«alnot tho prapoii'1or?u»oo af th# «vld«««»« 

tho aaa« for pl»lntlff *«■ otipported by tho tooti««iy 



1 ^-^ 



4«t«0tl-rf (i^fi.nvf Ui Chlts^t, Tliftgf* ifUnttSR** «ay that th-iy vont t© 
ih« offle* of tl^tt 'tfifis'tHtust «uad thax-« »«t a kr. JaoJct «und m. Ut, 
Brown, wn«, ti>« viluenaev titiy, isfiirt t^« filt&in «aii*&4;«r «n4 preoi* 
4«at, y«>««»««itiv«ly, of t.in« dAifenlftr.tj ;hftt tU#y it«Id i;«.T. l!rown oad 
Mr. JdbelKt i»iAt A ecrt&ln ftutd)^'«'tU« imi«h hiwdl tetMk itt»iir«4 Ivy 
4lftf*»{l«nt 'u>iA h*im ixlAdmn by Sat, il«m»«jr» tii« own«r, for th« pur- 
9»att of d-pfrintt'Jiisg t.h« d«f*ss1»at, «a<l jplAiniiff wotiltJ 1>« willing 
to »«1I thio ief<»7^^a.tiofi to t^r 4«f6n4.arit; th.^ hi* ehorfoo voiild 
le>« ft flAt Tat«f oi' |3& a 4.81^ fi^r ^..»ii, lfi«luj.lng oxpoi^eae, or **«• 
will gtmra£!it#« to retttm t9%« e«r «,<» yoti for a »%l,pulAt»dt Affiouut, 
or w« <!(> Bet wa&t jt^ythinf j * that kr, Bro-vii telj ihoa to go to 
irorK, whieh th«ev !*.l«<. Tti*y ?!14 not looa*.« tiii otol^ai car Hal's ««T«y 
foona It, ?lal8ttff kK»» t'ri.at t*i» d^fsnsdattt oerporution noir*r io- 
»tt«4 or «»yrl#cS amy iwawrsdiReo ^m4- %n.nX th«r« »»« aacthor ot; ri>or»» 
ttou located In tho ttaaso Ibi^iliiRg whltjli 41(8 t»»w# a»to-^>oli'llo 1«- 
•ur»r>eo, f^»'! thai thio l«»tter oess|»a».y was c»ntlr«iy o ^rr furat* :?«<* 
■glBti«i«t fr®«, the i«f«<?Mit e«ii!u|»*my, 

tko ^cniiiral ffi^^^^er of 4«f«»«1a»iL &oir>^ri^tlon r/n^ that It '{1-? not 
Mk^a^io Isi lii»uraci.o<B of Miy klx*4t th-a^ t;.u«.'r<« v'ao 0R«th«>r Aerf>ora> 
iloB ioeat9# i« %hm sowt© l5>«il^i.iR4 -witlctk 11 <l ineuo «nt,wjohtl« Ib» 
ourtuaeo; thai- u\o Mr, J&eko aroforrsd to w«8 »ot «f^ offlaor of do- 
f«Q4Ant <$e»p«4;.^, itiut wae tii« olaia »«n«g«r of this l&ourMtoo eon* 
Ifmufi that h«, Broati, B«nror h«*4 any a^nvisriiatlon •«it:\ th«» plila- 
tiff or fel« v»it»i»eo 1*1 th r»f«r«»ico to working for tho dofwidant 
0—li aBy 4«*d «tnr«r fe&d «way «Q«tiP4»rsatlee 'wita /.-wjyc^no »ylth roferonoo 
to '<©ins ^'orie in r.r4 about th* lowe ef '*r. Baranay'ji aatoiwbilo, 
nor dtf? h« hlro «ry 4»»t«*etiv« »g«aey with r»f«r«io« to finding 
oald aot«ifioVUo. r.©T h»v« «ay conT*r«atlaB witi^ nay dotootWo 
*«*w*oy wltn rof •raeoo to that atatter. 



tsr, fimimjr t*»»t,^fl#.i that h« '»rai th« •««•? «f th« 
•«r tn qutnttew} tJ^at %.« v-nw n n^iytltsiim «j<^ Qurg^on; that tJi« o«r 
w»» lf»«^ir«* iw tlvt Xnttr Xfi^^ros-ia* r;xtt;',j«t«(i^ und w»« X«»t in s*.«y, 
1^^. ^'? rt««)v«»r«^ l.n .^n.'!n«t, lt*'?lf « »^»Mi f'-ior t« t*i» tl»»i 
plaintiff (?lalPi«<1 *i« «%«« His e©atr»et with ^«» f^afsniK-rit; thst 
tli« Insttrwa** «»atpi-*»^' i?»*r1.fl >>'»« f-»r yi* lesn »-r th« cmr, fegt "^sen 

th<» aoiii^ t9 fu* iR«w.r«Moe« tsffi|>any, Sr« ia«iai»ty aijiio t!i»tlfi«4 
t« ism ftttcvKpi »f %h« T?l!%ltttilT t9 ««%flrt Is, :-■'>!.* froa .^l« b'^Qctuiie 

• f »«»« «.ll^t^tt4 IssAriiMln^tiRf Infor^mtian r«lAtiv« t<* tha lo»a 4if 
th« oiur. 

A -ssoIJe* 0fi'l««t testified th%k )a« loc»t«^ Br, 
BajttfsatfB jsiap 1b Xlijin, i:iXiM»t«, "fey «»*ft« nf % t«lwnno»4 «i»H ?•• 
«»lT*f1 fr^m tH* «.ht«f of ^otiof of li^lni th%t he *«»nt th«y« !»n4 

r««oTrr®'3 lb'-* «?ir la iog-'jat, 'THs»ir« w»« f«rth«r ^•vldri'J* t»n<»lns': t» 

lEl^lB t:\'?' «.*.2(t ^.USi'. ^^Isiaiiff -slats** t>i«^ .*IX 1;5a« -work T^ilsh U« 

til« ▼«T!^let «%6ftir.st th« ■5tfaR'!ts«?» '«■»» C9t j«®tlfU4. t'-.4 flff^a-f- 
aut "'.is Rf»t In the "h'asiR'sfsa s'f i«jrurta|{ a^jt-wslflXfla tn*? tovild h*T« 
h,.id a* -.^atSr* Is maSriSa * c'2»^P«.«t --'^itr; i^i.&iatlff to ?•&<>▼♦? t\3« 
»tal-<« ««r, Th^ f^&% t5s#t j^lsfelatlff iil^i^wa th%t hi» i^rvlt*! 
war'* x«si«4rt4 »*3"b« t,isga «ii1r«i#f4u^'at to t^« rfo?>v«yy ©f the fi'j*,pno« 

la U.ii r^tp-^^i U ml «oi5^1oul»^, sr. "§i'fjw«»» 4ftt«gorit»l ■♦•nlal 

• f tk« ,-*ll«if4 t*rtal fc^tttrftU of ^*ii^X'.-s>V!rRt If. Ik b,i.rttor*7 vlth 

tli*r« Is' nXa© .T>)rrl*, m thB cort«n*>toB th*t th«rt it 
M «vH«ai«« to ©tts-tB^lB th« T«r4iot ©f 9734.53. Th« T^n« »f tha 
alX«««<» anTTlats wat aat in i»8«'9. DafwAant «ania4 th%t It 



vc 



«■«» Ko »u<slt ^|fy«i«m,#n% Sfcs ©«afi**WJd@'i| for "fey pLaiutiff, -t J^f f 
l%i.JtAJtSSk* »S til. #,'^t?, 63*y, 

OliJffttleK to iUift ilnt «i' i«»tl4i(Hg«B.^ waa «u<8tf»ia*d, Ordxnjwrily, 
t«»tl5«©»y ft« t© fit, ^siakmimfai wat?.*!? i» i.rr«i«taii4, 'but aavisr tit« 

t^^ **«!i«ide«J will eh raiJSKriB isi ye»»fif»*t4« laJ.>r«t.®« ©y )>r»»inj«ptl»in 
ralinriistKt to feli« ii»««e, it is ««i i© b« «3i;cla<i«K5i »iU&»«j|^ »r>5}!a.reritly 

13-1. ^^''j ISj2l..Jl^lsaim..i^J3Lli-ik^^ l*^'^ -'^- 5^«. 

olftitt manager «fc«i, Jf®w/. tii«! pjre6-14#J.t t^i" %h*. ^»ff-ti^lmt ceryorft- 

fhn ooart Jiiea lKt]^i'9p«.x1,j- a^-'j^'lt*'!^ truV.mmy tending 

III. 601. 



n;< 



tSi» wart tm«r««»«Tly «ti*t In3»ty.^«>t4«a B^, ?, ^ \»«hft.lf 

01* thf nlftlwtlff, ^»??teh »M»«iei*!?*<'» «#, a f"«t tHjf.t '*t>v»» !!«f«n-1a»% hinA 

biir<$lj o««B]r ftf%l». 



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41 • 31193 



AiD^tXlant. 



OF CHICAOtJ, 






On T*«c»ff.h«r 51, 1S>S5, ju^^i^erit was «»ntpr<»d ar,!aln»t 
llftfen-fant "fey e«>nf«fiss.4oR for 53i';K-,4(> wj-ier i^ i><»*«*' «>l' flittomajr 
In a J;jitl(fgB*nt n©i«. ^mnwary 1§, 1§2§, trhleii w*i« wlthtn tht 
t«r!x lit whloh juv1<^;m«ir3t w;*® ftnt^re?!, y\*« dei*«flat!t i'iled a asction 
\Q TaOfAHi «*n;i »«t :'.=.Bi<\© t/ii» jw<lg»i««t, supportlwg thft aaiae lay «tn 
al'flitAirit, tJriis motion fir%s d<9Jri>i«4, ei»d dsf^it^dltuiU %pp«<%le from th* 
ordl«r denying hie aEiQtIoii. 

fh* pi alR til's* la«M» s&0v«<l Uii« court to dtrlke froa th» 
•tfttutory r»c»rd the Riotioii ©f tk^ .iefpn^ant to v?ic%t« th« ju'ig- 
a4Nat with tH« mipi^ftjrtiRg afrida-»it on t«e grouji-! lits^t th«y <?*• not 
PT»»prv96 \y «iny felil of e3se»|itloK», oertl flv.»t(? of »'vl't'»r.««, or 
8t«negr!i.i»hi6 reiwirfe of th^^ trial, wh«rwtiQ, eiily th«y cat: !>« r>rcp»rly 
igir««*rT«^ for r«ifi)i?w. 

It h«j«« te««n H^X-! tY3 Kary <eel«lon« t mt such {motions 
ftu^ •ffidRYlta hsYP fjo ?>1 Joe Ij^ th« .■^taitutnry r«oor!«, P«t«r Hi»r<«i> 
grwrlna C^. v. i^Att«»<1a . t'lf 111. Ay>o. IB3{ yi«akl«< i'or U8# of 
6r»«ib»mB ▼. ggnaral nin Co .. ia» Hi. Ap-*. 321; MZi^JLi* 
CTaytrimf. 175 III, 370; iJcru v, i^«» & aintg. 63 HI. »»«; Sftlifijei 
T. Yout)^ . 5?S3 III. A|xp. 515; X yc<;r v. _M »1 Inati^utta _Cft.. ia« 
III, Ap?. SSI; ii;riioktrbocfe«r v. Ft."l>eajrhon i Tru«t .% -S^iy. lanX. 
219 111. hpp. 40«; f«ci>l^ Y. <;ow«», 363 111, 3011; g»eplc v, J^Uj onar, 



- i* 



•'»_j>4p.v^^y^ ■ iffj<f y^^ 



Tt» 



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t- 



JOX 111. iOj Ttty>K ^t JtMBCWf^, 307 in, m y»#Plg v. lavlr^ , 318 
ni. 22tj 3^,UU.X.«.AUljt> «4<-' ni. A«f>. 4a$: Ptonlft »x rf>l . 

?'*0,.SRni:,,y.t, .vMHlfttt, 517 ni. 4^5; .P#tjtiil,« ,r.. Kor^m^yay. 3f-5 1 11. 539. 

ing* In th« BtmitsiTinX. eo«,n, <f«r»r!4ant'« «fcrri?lairlt T9«ooa«« tub«tltu- 
t«<S for ft plea-llng lusiS is thus pr«>9«»rly pr«afiirv«ai for r«Ti«rw "by In- 
eo3pr»or»tlng th* »«»« Ik the statuttsry rftocrd. This should b« tn^e If 
th# trial court had aivnn ^ai'miAmit IttckVA to d«i*«n4 m.d h«d flnt«r«4l 
«n erdvr pwuitting th« anidavit to stanif! nn his akfi'ld*vit of 
i&erltei but tho seotion «as <ietil«d. 

It iB next »Ai4. tn«t a»d©r the ii««n(Si*«jit of 191.1 of 
Sootion 31 of th« 0#n#ral Praetim Aot, matter* not proporly lii %hi» 
r«oor<S »ay tee pr«8#rv«4 «it5i«r by bill of «xe«ptlon», eortlfloate of 
•▼ld«i3c«» or •t«iiegr«piU« report of tk« trial, { ^p.l,«h.g . v .. Ir^ g^ j^ ^,^ > 
278 111, 184) ^n4 that th« "rofort of trial" inolu'J«i8 all ffiAtt«rt 
TThlsh w#r« b#for# th# oourt. ^« ie nut so or^nstruo a«etlon fll us 
im^A9:4, Thin m«ri»ly glv®© a oi5'M»ie« of jsothodo of T>r«8«rTing mattort 
for rerl«w lui! 1» not Intonlod to ahang* the g«Roral rvtle that all 
iRatt«ro not i»rop<*»rly ^l thtr. tho anrntwii Imm or otsittjtory roeord nuot 
bo ©th«srwl»« oraoervod f<^r rai'l*?*. P gf^pl .f ...v^n., -.^^^ .^.'^■fi'"'^,!^!!^ • ■'^^l ^^''« ^^l 
aUUor v. .At^^ffi-oq;^, see 211. 60 3 j yjLyjt&^jaO£MJ;JSXJLit^J^TYtCt^»^^^q» t 
8ifl ill, 333, In th« l%»t cltftA ca«« t/i« court oaid: "It lo ira»a- 
torial whetifiK^r the ffl«t:io«<. adopt'«<S to ineorporsito tm proco^dlnga ie 
tho rooord la by bill of oxcoystiono, e«rtifloat« of ovidwoo, or 
• tenographlo reeord oJ' tiie triJil," Ihl« hao boon hold oo euany timet 
»• to roqulro no argitimont, 

Thto is not an lnd«Ti«aadoif5t proo««di«ti; to Tacato a jvig" 
umat undor Boetion ffll of t.H» kurjloipai Caurt Act ao oonoidorod in 
Iwbrlt ▼. £»a:|^ . «30 111, A|»p, 1"^?^. thl« wao a motion »ado within 
tho t«rt&, 

Tho ewtior- of am?ftll<»<» to otrlk*? flrlll bo ollewod. 



i%i IH^Mili'-sifSi 



?r'«./::k.-^:-..A51vSui^SX I'-*-^ •■^'••^ ■ ''-■ 






IQil* Iva-ret nothing propavly pr«»«r (« !! 1K«. kn fer r^tvimf, «b4 la 
thlt eo»41tlon «!' the r<90or<S tii« Ju'i^tmt ttn«t Tae arflmi»d. 

SchTT&rt« T. ^rinkg v^lc^a^g ^ City K3^ffr»»«g C^.. 198 111. A?>p. S91. 

MatcHett aftNl JoJaustoii, vtl, , concur. 



49 • mint 



Sim mfumt 



OF ^m&. mmrt. 



44 lA^ 6 21 



3 



with ft )!lt*f!l3r w#»m>ii .«i»«i t»|M9m tr^tal "bjf Imrf '*»» f^S's^iisd amtlty iwiNl 
A |»«titi4}» t^T fliltJtJijje of ▼«}'»« *!%« 'f®ni««j# <*B* this 

X9I!9, It 1« Ji«t aiiaiBstsS the.% 4«f«4«!&i himself eo«B»l»te4 th* 
«»»«tat« Tbiit it i® »ai« tSiai lt.« was sm *<j(C«a»«yjr >>*for« tlw f«ot 
ma^ "tii»r«r<ir« ««lily &# ^ l?..rl«etpisa. ^9f«Bi3i*R% i» » ?>«»llo« ©ffl- 

•t a^«t *l««v«8a **®l©ek, U^ aB*l m^tht^r «ffle«r, -^iifrtlt, th««i oa 

*«*y» y«e«1iv®f? A t«i«»hoRa <5«m|>lAtrit ef » dt«ttirban«t at « toft 
UritOi 9*rl83r eall«a S^tlottkal ♦• »l»o«. the two offlpw* w«Bt U 

0fflo«r*i »tar» 

th? eYia»ii«« as te tlitt a»tttr« »f tli* dl wtrAT'baB** It 



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if \t* 



ttf 



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6Qn9f>nA&si llq)i©r la-w vieiatioii*, iJi« poii<«« ftrri<f«rs wtr© told 
that «««« 9«r«o&B v«r« ^T^ibltlni.: gwis. tUmy 9am ttom« p«opl« 

•t»n.-U»g In front of Sttlowltail *« i-^ui <3»i6^*is-5«s4 tc »«i«r«h Utaib f^r 
gVB». At tix&t tl«« Jioii:* «ed kls two «O'a>.0^mi«>ntt <!ittai« out «f 

i^etloQJual *• Mi^ t%t«) &rtiti9iX» ntnT&hnA %hmi> for weap^nv. 

Th.« ©o«»lal»i»g wltjfifttd, Jiska, ways that tli« «•• 
f«n,i!!»Bt, Jl©tl»w, «i»Jf:«:S hi* hin rj«R«, wMfth SltiVm «|av« hi«. That 

•w^lnifS! *lth hl« %hsaa4> V» a f«lJ.ei» ■llrs=otly 'bchiad m*,* «kn<i t,hftt 

In th« f*<j'e«ith % gijsa «r l93.,aek,faek, 

th« iritiitue Jjocire!, ■¥h^ '^■af* eas*? of the ««r. witk Jtck%, 
t«ld that at Jleka iral3^#'^. «)^%t tm>^. ispmiM. %'h.^^ i\vi6t of hit RtftQino- 
•|>ll« sm^t K«» • R»t tfa« 4«f«»ifJ«!;fc - ttmck himj that ht <*!« not 
h.^aT til* dtf «3a<3&t:st" say M-ytiden, that lie %id Ret tfl« wh?>»t tht <!«- 
fttjidani wat deliOig. 

fh«> ©tii«r ffitaft with. Jt«is* t»»tifi«f« thai b« did net 
kne«r Mie atrxtok Jt^a I3«ir I'^w hft «>aa atru<»Jc, «3ni4 that he «at net 
poRltlvt wh©r« "fc<»tl«w wm© ^teeti the atiBa^lt ©m^mrrtAj tht latt 
tiB&« h« taw th« ^«f«^J«(t h<» walk«di a«ro»a t^nt ttrffat about fivt 
ainvttt h9f»r0 Jioka was Kit^»@k» 

t^re« vttn»«e«« aft?*? tha -lafwa-laKt tflstifl*'! that ttet 
<#f«rni1»nt l«ft t^« gcm«> fe«for« »fiek-a watt »%ruek« Th© doifsn-iaat 
«n^ JJttffak ««arcH«4 n-fusryhoAf afowl tiis»ra, «in*S, thftt th» 9rfi—W9 
left hefara Jieka wa» struair. It «a« Saturaay aTa^lng atv^, ut 
wtuaX at thte tlsaa, lh«.r« w«r« a «r«»t Kany p«opX« ar»ttiid thtr« 
tal)clng lautf. It «aa a dark ni^t. 

M»tlov t««tift«« that ht wat a poXiet offlatr; that 
lift waa OB «Mty thla Kvmningi, M« aB<l Sargtant Dwfftle re«n>«n<^«4 tt 
tht taXi attd wtrt told tha*, tuara wvn to«t f«lX«irt ovtr thero with 
gaas; that ha taarahtd a hution of ftlXowt fe«t foun/l notniag; that 



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itUi. 



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fort«d what tii»y hai <I.«b«j ttatsit sJ't«3P tea aatf %««d; to ih«' stfttlen 

had te»«is elusfiftd; th»t feJa«y tfew wm^±/t9 ifHtlewkal ♦» s»la©«, but 
f©:«n<l n©tl5.iKe. p%fmidmit ^ay* that ti« HA attt •«« Jic&A •Xisg4^«<l 
tha% «ir«RlKgj thftt li« •lis n»t lasow Mm b<5!f<sr« tha't evening; h« 
d[«nl«8» thftt, %ft«r »«af<jMn«: tlim si#»» h«i s>»iii,tffid with hint thvmh 
tewardit ^lek« or fey i^y f,*f»tiar« ii.Tft©tffl« Attssjstl*© to iiia, H« 
«1<I not »«e nasypB* wirmsfe th^irfe thwfe «w«nl«g, 

fh« «Tl4«rie® t.© t««j twanw* %« wtanpert th« ▼«r'^i«t, 
St In hardly crftiillss.© %h)^t Ji^iM fsf^nl^ stt (iai'm^mit Bmk« « bio« 
tl«n irltia. hl« thti©:te ft«i siieh «i #.&rk Bi#it, H« lis th« only eiift who 
t»«tlfl»fl to «ii|r ^«*itar« "by tla«s i®rsm«ittiit ia4i.iB»ti«g Jlels* «u> on« 
t« to* ««8ftviXt#d. Ji«!;'ka*e own eomi^^miimfl »tky tli..«»i tli«ry e«tw moth* 
Ijftg of 111* t©rt, asit! «x.is!«ft J'<3r iJ'ickii n«»rly mlJ. Ux^ *ltn«»«»«» 
tettiJ'iM tiiat tii« ftftea^JLI tususl pl&«« aft^tr tk# aoftm^fict haiA 
Iftft the fte<m«. 'tkm v«r<liet not oi^ly i^ld net «9tabXi«)!i di4f«a«* 
iust*t s^llt 1si»y©n.ii & rei*Ro»«^te-lf 'Soalit, feut It wa» swwsifwi^tly 
ac&lBCt th« wisigh* el* tilt evi«i«ae«. 

C«i&islai»t in &**<§« of th« adtion «S* thft eowrt with 
r«f©riM5e« t» gtvlisg and r«Yti«lnjg liiffltr*ji©tlo»». a«js« of th« r«» 
r«.»«« lftBtrtietl^»« mi§ht wwll have fcf»a «!▼«»» >>w« w« :!«> net thiifct 
It n»'«e».««ry to |»jSkjrti!e«l»irlis« %# to i'a«!»B<9, tTpori & »«oob*1 trl«l. If 
th«r« ahotiLi t*« ojift, «wch «ry©r« wili nmt t» li>:«3.y to ooour, 

TJri* ursef fall*3 to tisaitssln th« e)\»irjE«, .*n-i tht 
4«<3g»«ast iff th«r«fore r<«Tere«ri au'-^ ths ewii»# r»iaaa<I«4. 



(" 



-*1I t»'«*' *'**'« 



« 



&f^M 



'iiiUlU: : 



^■■.»5i;t 



i J 1, >. 



73 - Sll»7 



sity «f cMoii^e, .4L. s\ omumt 

City Cl#rk of U4« Cily of Otteago, 
iaoiE..A3 **• ES.i«JRB, C4ty oelXtetor «»f 
tile &lt^ of €iilai«a, «icia. kUEQ^yt. a* 

•f tilt ^ity «f Qil««s:«, 






i 



24 4I.A. 621 



^ 



ten. F«i3fi>i»cj- itstict Mif&xmm>j 

fhlt Is ai«( !*|!f^»«iil Ijy th« <Sef «»»?««%« froa nis ordt^r «n* 
t«>r«i )t!^n « pfftitl«n foT ;ss!«MCidaaui« «rii l»«h&3,f of ^«r»fli)i 0ell«lt 
r»r tl9i« trimRf*!!' ©f ■ i^ r«t»ll b«T#r«M?« 49»i«r't lle«zitt«. Tb# 
fi«tt«« »»• h««*4 \tf iJ*« s«t«rt,. wMoh f0!Hii4 th» l««tt«» for tlMi 
r«lttt<»X' And «ntfrea l.t» or4*r an<l Jttii«»ii»t 4tr«otios th»t th* 
writ «f ffiL»»<ltti^tt» i»&u® smiiiiiiist ai# r«a|>o»d««it ^iXlitm :^. '0irv«r, 
K«{yor. th» «^p«ll(!(fft d««« net mpp«iur In thl» ceurt t« 4«f«Rd taia 
jutScMuat, 

r><r»«r«3L pDilntA «** «»4« li>y tiin d«f«ida«t», but on« la 
•affielftnt t« Justify «t r«T«r«al. m«T« !• & f»tal ▼»rlMi«« fc«- 
tve^n th« rallof eottght in tha r«l»tttr*» patltion m^ th« jud^nMBt 
Mitftrad. 

•Th® r«latoy M»«rt«d th»t lit 1>ov«ht • cwtala ?!«•• 
•f %tt«lii««ii tmd afterrarAt a,^plX«<i for » tran»f«r of tho lleansa, 
th«t tllilftK ?. SJoTwr, layer of th« City of <3ULc««u, r«f>i0«4 oald 
trim«f«T of Xlo«wi»« to |»«tlttr>n»r aftd tho potitloB prayed tKot tho 
nwU of aan^ftsuo bo l«»tjo4 41reettii« D«Y«r to grant »»id trottwfor 
•f Ueeneo. Tho i«dgm*mt ordoro tiiAt tho writ of Mudmun i*w 



v^i 



».*,. 



i«»«i« • ft«t«lX B4iY«x-ae* D«akiiir'« ilaans*. Ulasa 'a* to ^^erHfin 

dto«« not «X1<»M0 th«t ttoo t«tlti©M«r trw aTjulltl for a ratiill 
1»«T«T««» 4«<il«r*8 li««Rst, 'SB^ a» facia at© aftt J'ertJi t^«r«ia 
t« ••taMi^ hlft ri^t ts ^my mx^s&k lii^mm, th« f»«u tUn i« 

rtt^X b«ir«rag« a^^a^X'^e I.l3.^!i»#, Iii4 J«id^«at la joot r«»|»«BsiTt 
%& tht l»«ut n^ite "hy th« g»«tiU«»i3 awtdl s£(s«r«.r. It i% ««li «»• 

tft%lt«^«i$ th»t » i«<1ipa«»t 'i»£t«»t e0»f«»im to %h& al.l#£'miti»ri» of th« 
9«tltteR sm0 i>r»®i% «tti«, thut » 3ai»t#S"lal vftrlSiBist l-sffitw««n th,« 
rftllAf* »oti«?it !9a^ tfeAt s»ar«l«*l in fatal ft© th» jw^iMftnt. ^£MSEA 
y. ▼wttwara. 183 UX. XS^j ||slli3L.llM*.JU-^ia^aa. 1?'^ ^1^. ^^IP. 

i^«j gxftg, T.. o*^yii»>u»fe^ gg.. xis ixx, laij i??.<^rAlr"^M,,'^ft*, 
X3...1aiijai::l, x?& ux. sssi; iiijiiiLai:j:EiEci^..x«.. B,f ft^^Jtitt ♦! m* 

App. ♦'-.Oj ■^^JKiri f. ,„igqit,aihf^ . 4(i IXX, ^^» »t». 

J^or tbt a')»e»ir« iaimti<metl. r«a«Q«i tii« ,1«d|^«nt la 

MWBKHiO* 



14«teh*tt «&di J9hn8ti»tt, U« , eoii«iiMr, 



^©4 . SISISS 



Of lUtBOlB, 



?.ai^Ck fi. IHK JiUlilClPM- QOBRf 









A. 622^ 



Zi»ai»ni(^ Cit«A»uu%^ wiih itit«ti^t %a iiCii'liiit upon hin tiodiXjr isjorj. 

S« iH«!«iif tk# rf!T#y»nl pf this ,1\zi^ei.*, 

9j3K) «»*($Xeelr in thin avsirslig;, nj.!. <i;h« l,|it«r»86tl©» »f I^sjflwjr avt* 
««• «ed Tftite itr«»t in S&l©i%ft>. i;«tf«s4«i«;t *»..» i4*li9f ff&tith ©n 

•«eilen h« e-^s gols^ »! tl&« rut? er t^n or fifli««fl «11»« w bnur, 

•r gl'viitg, a«y iR^«krfdBg} ttmt th« tsaiTis ^.t Ui« lnipr»«otl«« *'*• 

«•*, "It wa» «et v«ry ll^it,'* 'atJftoa^i-- ^^i« xtr^^t Us-Nta w«r» 

lit, CuaasiftRo** ,?^t©ireyoX<i «trnok ttew %tit«mQ^iX0 «B'1 to» raa 

«i»t t^« ««f«8J!!l«»t i»ft» alwyt fiiur nr flv#> f««t «^flgr f^on hlnst ^m 
ll« rir»t •«.* hla wad that h« vna «nttbl« t* »tat« Iwr <*»0t th« 



k 



!.<•» 



a»- 



WM> ^•fmiAaRt %^^»%i.ritl>'^ %hm% h«t v«» going south on 
Langlcy ftronu» At ttt^oui tm &t rirt««» 8dli»e wq hour; tbftt wh«n 
ik« 6»n« t« TStb otr^ftt h.« ««m« to a '^rxf^mir «top* e«>4 i©ok«d IMrot 

ft«ntWKr4; thml ft «>»» ftilt« Amli «kt fc%ik« tiniA m^^ k« e^DTtlti not «•« 
htv T«m\ it iTft-s eomine;; ttmt h« »ii.<«r stn AatoMOtiil* eosiinj^ fro» th« 
tttirt «B« p«t hi« e*r Ifit© s^eofi^ K«aj" an^ eX«<MP«i« itj that vhoa 
kl» iSriT«Y*« s«ftt waiK ^liotit on th^ a«ittth<«rly ittrffAt oat tr%ole ho 
«gttin looJtoS uroot smil setw a i^toro^ojio A^ut ttm foot ncvoy geist 
what h* eoiaoldojroA "protty !':*»%* ; Driat lie «t«pj»«4 « Xittio h»r'^or 
oe tiio <a,ut^jiM»^lIo to fi»t ovox'tk "t^^t <^is i«»o^iii3,o dl^ not i»i«k «{» 
f»«t >mA it w&o str^eii; ¥|r th« isa«'t0roy»3.o oe tlio si do; Uieit ?Kft«r 
tiik* o«oi<lii8t ho »t&ppM hi» osr Msi<4 aaw ^nottf-.tmo ojk t^o p»'vom*&t 
mt4 m. t&pm. piakim-.^^ Mm y^i %hskt 1&1& thmia ie<m% to ilm <Stuk tttoro oa 
tJ^« eummf »<t)4 oftllod vtff %h^ fiolioo ilf{»ija'ti&«rit» mi^i %him Aokod 
t9T tho um&mit of aNrM)« wite««:««fi. Mo romoiftsd ott tho »««&« of tHo 
ftoei4«}t until tho polioo etm^i* 

fhoyo »«» othoF oifi4«R«o t«m-UiRg to oho'w tfct»t tlio 
otrooi int«*roo«t4e» i»ai! r*ot wmll ligbto^. 

?h« ftsioto li3 this Oftoo oeaeo oj^iiarely wlthl» iho 

31© III, 38S>, It i« not tkm Im %imt ^ poyoon i» «ricii»*Xly XiaWo 
fo» OT©ry aot of ^#r« n«glii5i*3;i©«. a«okl«s» sjft'-? wa«to« ttoglii^onoo, 
Ml »9!pliod to tiio r«n»iai of aaot^ro md v«hiol«o, impXioo o powltii* 
«Si»ro§«r4 of tfeo ral»» of <Jtl6er*eo tm4 o rooklooo hoadlooonooo of 
tt«ao09ii^«««« 0r4ift«ry so^llgoBOO »eroly douotoo a aogotl-ro ^aoXitf 
ia % »«r»©o ia Att«an*UBg or dlooHArgiwfe a duty. 

Aaowiing t^tat the oolXiaioa took i^la-oa ^ocaaoo of tao 
aogligoROO of tha 4af ttt^ant, tho ovldonoo ^oo« aot proTO^ro taoa 
tkio. th0 oaly «vi4«tfjc« tmUiag, to oijow iro«kle«»aooo »%i/»t»to««at 
of Casw&MRa tfeat tho. A*rm4m%*» oar wao runaiag at tbo roto of 
ooTOftty.fiTO mtloo an hoar, l>wt h* enbooQ«»i.tiy adisittod that a« 



9A» 



»gi hi* |»Art, Urn »tay«4 #» ttie ito«i^# $md. t«l«i>h©,r;f r? t* th« D«ai«# 

*• «4«>tdL4 not fes> tr^.-'J^^ateoa a« li©14it5g tHa^ tl»« eel* 
3.i»ie» ®e@.urr«4 ?5st>l.«tl^ tlire^gii ^^i«i »«!gXlg4*i«« of tft» <I«f6Ki4Ant, 

th!»,t iSftreadaKi t«R^**y tun eir««!a»t'!at^o«« ashewtJS *♦«« &.b<wii'5oij»« .«kBd 

Mt mn^mXt In fm§ wan utrnti '^PmmX&k C««iii)i@^» with intont tj&«£i «ai4 
lfe«r« to Ijifll^f iil>0M %hm nertsis, ef said .Boeonitsk Cutanane a "bodily 

fls« |«<ij?««?r*t le tls«r«f"«ir« r«T»r»«^ with «. finding %t 
f««t. 



aif 



not oa tli« 17ili €«3f of J<»it, a, U, X.9SS, &t the «Uy ol* ^ien^c , 

«nd diOftily w«&i^eii^ *lll:ie»t »»5r ««»!i*l.»3«r&bl« pr©voc»tle4ai wiifc%ev#r, 

a 

th« i»«rins« of ««4.* ©«s^ftl«k C'^cwiassKs/bo^i'ly iKJtjry, contrary to 

t]bi« S'tmtttto lin auish «a«»o si«4« a«J4 ^yovt4«4, mid agtiiKRt tho juaooo 
Mt4t 'ilg»ity of t^e ?«?/|»i<^ of t^t Sti*t» of Illltjoia, 



! X.<»» 



1X3 • nut 



mc^n.f a? tm stats ©y illitois, ) 



ir». 



Flsi.tFs-tlff in B»T«»r, 



) mm.m w mwicipal court 

1 Of i.-micAfflo. 



-3^ 



244 I.A. 6 22 

K;.*a3P3r E*K#*.<>« f4l*4 » ©©^©Xwirst CiCiarglBij iSef»r>,«ant 

««nt im««)ey la %h^ City ©f -whlenge witi-ujat flfnt fjroenrlfjg • 

lt6«i!»9« ato to do IViHK t)%« '^ia%« M%r4 of s^oBsmisR loner ft of X.«tbor. 
I%©B trifti fey tfe* &mtr% h^ **« f®i*m^* gwlXty ««Bdi i'tn#<t SS^'.'O ■«mcl 
eoftt«« H« •o«k» » t><sTeriiikl» 

fk* »%»tf^ot lios-s »ot |)Strip>i»rt to «ont»in 'Oil tht 
•Yl'1«ne€ H»»rdl ©« t^e trtuS.., ^« W8«t th#r«.f«>jre »:rRea«o thitt tho 
•iri^^SSCO, If C«»;Ql«t.i^y !».lB»tr»Ct««ft# W0'«a.4 »M«t*JU5 tho ju'l^*™!*. 

y^»f\,f T» i^^fe,3tf^,ff^,> ^i» ^^x- le^s :m£iijr.*--®ii£M. '^a "-5- 'WJ 

?SMJLs:-jr.*.Jlifj5jiiX» ^«* ^Cll, ins. a r«Tl«wln.ff 3««rt MXI not ox- 
neiBO fii** r»e«r<ft im er4*»r to rtY«y»« a 6&»m, tslweo tJi« »»,1b»tr*«»t 
«»«t eftntalr f5«ff<'!l*Rt ovi-^^ne*! t© ,fw»tify %hm court Ik aufifei 

li>i<«ihkfrg» |i^i(.,. ,y., -loi^troa.^ IW 111. Sm^, W« 

feaari* HimutoR, tks ©jfepiadnin^: «itjR««», t«»tin«<l that 
»hic •*» s feign ofoip the d«ferj?««t*» off loo ^leh ftia^ •Job*.* 8ho 
teiA PfcTlior ttmt s«^» wifcO Itokliii? for » job, «n<i 4#f«M(S«nt told Hor 
If Oho gsEto 3&1« #9 Ji* wo«l« put H»y to work ii» the tmrninc^', th** 
tko ga-iyo Hftr o p^p«r to »l^, trkloa «»i« ol^ofl ( ^M« p.i9«x «o©« aot 
»?»?>««» In the abl^trMt); that slao 4i<! not »ot * job, ^d !»• agolB 
tromlooA to got hor a iob, but oho i»#Uivor got o job nor ht» mon«y 
book* 



tvfr 



T«q«»«t that thm mtsn^li^lnlnu, *it©«e«i* tumi^y hm rw^jftl^f to her» 
OofendAtit tol«! tM« ttg©et t« ir«t ©«fe. 0» th«i im«li1« of a«f«ndar,t»« 

|>I«it«« ©f feTa^lttt** »•».«» a X«rir« ?»l%eftrd st»ti»g ^«riK»n» vej** wauued 
for tin>ir«nt kin-:^* »f wark, .»«f<?a-A4«afc toX<l Bauolittr th«t fe« «•• 
ti^.« |ir«el^®i5t, «»(wr©i!»3ry, trftft»wr«tr, *b4 «v»irytfilag that w*nt with 
%ho e«it«eif«. Bcr^eHftr teotlflM ti»«,t l*«rk«r h«u} ae Iloona*. 

It la ««ir»««dM Ui.\t i?.«f«K<^,!«tKt h,.-i4 no IleimflOf Vut tio 
itiLfttes ilstat h« vao ^ati^ J^@r m ^ti>ipn&xsi%i^n whlGh •wovirod jobs for 
li«Bl»iirra o«Iy; tJi*ft t):i# nmntit of %fe» isf«?n'*©r«iti«» of whlci» liw wa» 
1>rt»t^^«nt «a4 jgmi^Titl i£«BsaH|*r w%» thi? A»«i!iri«»aft tirslty '^#if.%T« Loaith* 

iota ih« oTf««lt«tiofaj iliat fe« w»« aeli«| fo* this enrworotlon ttnA 

th»t tteis alX«g*<i «3orr«-r*ti«»», tk* ««l8t#r*.s'« ipf ^hich nup^n not oi*- 
yoiur to "^^ pto'^im, wckj «i«;*r$-:iy ^ dlsimi»«' 1i»y vMoh ^ofveiaMnt eorrlod 
•B tfeo feu6li.taa 63* «tii fi^uloj-vnar^ js^rf^rscy, Tho rooor^ l>«for« oo awniy 
jv«t.lfi.«« tisiai s'^eciltssioii* 

it ii-« r,ak,i<3 tl3i«i^ !|<!»f«4«»% isn «hfti^«j»4 wltii o»* offoweo 
•tnd foimA gailt|r of smtit^h^v. Th^ fAts*i*a©-i ^ayo tJ»s»t tho «ettrt foimtf 
tlio 4of«ii.5attt "^aiitj la »«Ba*T m4 for* a« ch»ng;«4 In tko Infom*- 
tioii, * Wo 4o ftot M«4«3f«t<m« th^ baelo of tho oontoatton thot th«v« 
io o, varinyioo fe^two^fi tho ittS^jftiiBst oitd tho *fe»r|Kft. 

It to M«o»t«<5 t»«t tfet fta<» 1« oxorrrivo, t>iit thoro io 

BO o^i4»sTeo to onuacrt tKlo. r>i& oowri rl/-.ht rflX ^*1J«▼*» th»,t tho 
«ff«is<Jf*iit»« all^^.**<5 e«»rf«T»tl^ii "pftO »ftr«ly a Ml«4 tc csn-tuct o» 
o«»Xoym«f»t m^misy thwtif^ wlilcb li« Mf'tt fie*o« Igiwrowt aai<^ ub» 

oiiiirptotlng ^»«f»lA* 

?h«» Jti.^g2a«.nt ie affirao*. Affimill. 



$m -fV':- irm 



1st - nuf 









Of liSW T08K, ..^ >f A fl A fk "Z 2^ ^ 

Mil, ?H'E3i-i>i[j!ia ;svuTim mBxmmJt 

»dY«rs« ^su'lg^sa^Bt lis « «*•« trife€ tejr the s««rt, Itt whlcit jjlaliiUff 
nought t9 r<»eoT«y »n & "barislwry iivn^reao* pelicjr 1r«b<i.H Isy th.» 
4«f#«'1»rjt. Flaiistiff !3Nry«r le th.«» t.!roet#« f^r tli« li^«»«flt «r tfei« 
•r»41te»y« of th* ©«ojj®r »i f®ll,»ek Bi^ftttTy* » ,«9 arts 'tr ship eoss9o«t«4 

Fl^xitiffa al^slie th!«^t a "^xiT^l^Tf %«»« cot»ialtt«d on 

!••• Ia a!i*rehajts4l«« to tii« «M«*«»t of |4fSl.XC, for \!^<^ ««$>«<!«■ 
ani, txBdcr i^ts t<trt^(» of it«! polie^'* in e^llg>%t«^(f to liidttsKiulfy Uiwi. 
Th« d«f«»e'!)t»3t aer.l@a: tkai^i m\f hut^mty took pXa«6 as oIiii»t4)iS asA 
4«r!lf^i that th« ^lriij.ntlff« feept. feo«k» «4a?l attcoaRtft •• r«Q\UrB« 
by th« policy »« n a«B?Uil»» of liability. Vpern t««» trial th» 
•omrt wa» iMri^Jently ©f ttes ofilnion t3aat ith« all««»d bw^gliiry w»» 
••t g9nuirif> &Rri «iX«!fl( tJiftt tilt l&sixjreit ha<l not k*»t th« roqulrod 
%o«V« of Meeuiit m th^t ?,Si«s exaot wwiaat of l»«» e^«ld ^« •©• 
onrs.t««ly i«ot<*r5??:lR«9-^, sn^, tonn^ for th? ifpff-ndaAt, *• aro of tho 
opinion th»t th» #<rl'1«r!<j« j«attflo<5 tM» eoucluoion, 

Wat ttmr© a r»al 1>»rKl»Ty? . Th« p«jrtc«r«, bollock •b4 
Cooper, vort oon4uctln« a loai«g Vyieine«« i« tHo »pri»& oi* 1925 



r 



«•-;. 

(>., 



»».■• 



Vmi'E « '?Kt 



t 



mn4 %h%ir er«<^ttftr« w«ir« a«n t in«i«a,l7P ur«»»fti!i^ them r«r ttsne;^* 
On Afiiril X5iK »»-*i«!n«?«s wn'* »« pt»nT thsk% «-ft*r eonHtjltlu^ •♦tih 
%%Hr l?irf*«t er«4lt9r th*?' ii«.t«psy.isft<l to ll^sxiiiaat*; th*lr hufiinMa 

fr»i6 tfe« Atfwfi'Ssifit. y&« l^mrgiajpy kis-ur^yao* {lollejir tt|>on wai«sh this 
•ttit Is batAd. A <}Xesi»c o«it «m|,@ «'»« @ewffi«!t»<»iK4 abcftit &'fty l»t (und 
eoBtlnn«<l. w&tH. Magr IStJa.* It ^ae elt%lm(»d thAt «»n thi« nli>:ht or 

«leir«B h«&^^r»«i pair* «f »;««• w#r« «i<»jL«iE). b^ burgX&r*. 

tli« aterffi «riti.a «<|%ii|>|>a4 wltn «k M«liwa« Alarm »y«t<aan, 

t£i« «ti»r« <»Y«r i2t« s>#at «^aw wiH^flv, th* wi&Jo«« tmd gl»«« <ioor 
v«r« ilti>«4S with tinfoil in imoh « vsitar thiit th« br«)akijQ.K of tti« 
^la»« Aom-^l^ta^ m, )»l«.@trl««l aaiitft«t iii^'iitiiii e^tiaa^) t^<« ^onfi to 

th» rear -stceir ©f feh* atara, «tea«* i'e^ty f««t /rwss t.h« i'ront of tha 
"butl'^tBg, ¥h«s f-r©Bt 4a#r w»a eo tfe« l*ft »id#, tix a aort «f an- 
tr«n{i«, Abont fmar faat «i«a'p« Vo t'aa trig^i af th<» doar, an<l a»» 
tendil»g to tba Kti^in fr^at iris'iow,, wi^a & iH^Hdlar akaw «^in^ov witii 
• fflata abattt. ®iimt fvat M#»« B».aA mi' tliia wltidaw «aa a «iiaplaj 
as»aaa aeps&j('«t«4 I'ro^ 'yi€ r«^ai o>^ tiia att^ra liy a ««<»da{a ipaartition, 
is «^aii Ui^rw waira t«a iw«Xl t^ara ^pnsniMii i«t« lUa atara jraaa« 
aSftltth ware fttatitaad •£ tiie iseida or sWrs «i4« of tii«» ^artitlaa 
lij ttatot.ea. 

PaXiaole t^atlfla^i %hmt h* alo«e4 %hii atara «% taa 
a'aloak an th.a mmiut^ af May IStht tkat ka laaJead Ifcha 1»«iak and 
frofti 4it9T», tttma^S an siia VaridLttr laisnii awilafe »«'? twrnad aff 
tha llghtaj 5fc* knaw tJaa aaJfft aystwm *»a Ui warning ardar} thai 
*hMs« ha r«i*iil5«4 %h0 store «il^at»t. «l«« a'olacM tha n«xt aamian ha 
fotin--* a hala Ir* tha flaas or th» oball ahaw vinlw, to th« right 
•f tha front ^^ar, «a.i a i&riek Xylng an the iloar of tha tihav 



vijB4o« with broken glAss on thu mtitrm^M flmr m.i tfe* i«^sl4e ©f 

th« «ln'*-©wj tb»t tte.« tittle wft» ,}&«&«*** f*b©ut Si foot «M » h-ifclf 
ti<|UiArtt siiiil tv'^ fitisi4 A toalf jr«t«t !><»£:> th« grolin*!)., K# f«>un€ tk« 

bKUrijletr als-onB »wlti*, tuim«»?. «iff , ^ih© 1>»*«jk deer 09«r, <?m<! t-fe« 

F«»a«y, tb«r J«ii»31»«jir ©f th«» 'fei4ll'«lr.«, t«*lft«e5. that 

mmll «h©i» wtis?^«w isiaB.^ »td|»^«a t® r«!t%« lt# «1 that th« i^laae In 
tteat wlii--i«w w»M met TBF©3e'»ja «4i tiiat 'Ste©; t&at ii« av«pt owt the 

l3i« ih«n j;4«»il6«^ iht Ji»lg«:t -w»i! i»ff bhA a h.QX«- i*<4^ b««si out Ik Lh« 
|;lft»ft as if It litMl ^(»«n i*Ht ^y » gX»iia etsttwr; thm.% it wa* a »Qtt^« 
hole, f»ia« «id« el* iml«^ w%» 4^g«4« ^liat ii« *v«nt lt3tc» tbi«) »tor« 

«aid taltftd to ?9li9«ti( ««ii4 ft Mr« Sii»«n»«n ^h& v»« rtit^MliBf tfo« ««!• 
fftj* tfeie f»«srtE«r», l*»l|.»elr t©l^ SisEeweftw t« iriv« FjaaX^y ^^i pair tf 

wa4 &»kt y((6« wh»t yew «««m, t«ll tb«M fte, you iil^js't no* asytMng.* 

Iid*» w&s a ^sj»??r wh©** s*i»|Sf «*» i*»tir «Soor« frota 
lplalf»tlff«» »t©r«, fj« «««tlfi«'l th»t hm w*» w«ifkl»j? In hi« 
1»«lc«ry froii iw«lv» sii4iil#?ht «f the l$m until tw#lv« e)*olo<8lr nam 
of «b« Wthj tbat li* win in th« fc-a«it part of ti»e 1»«k»ry witk 
•ntthtr wftii. IJi«y ha4 n -lejK tied te tli« to*ek <<loor. All th« 
donrt ©r th# li«*k«ry wr'r« opwn. thwy worked fKboxtt f4l"t««B f««t 
frwB ih« 1»!%ttk d«or. «««« nt* th« «a«hin«ry wa« ntfajiBf, «»<» th» 
intn***' h^ATiBM wwi «o»«; lie <«1« not h<»«kr or notloo ujyti^ns 
untteual th»t nli^t or ssomiag. thAt it wn» noooaanrjr to »»•• 
hlo oho^ id oTA»r to got froia tho ro«jr 4oor oi* pliUntirrn* ©tor© 



««d<t« 



to Iho all«yt *fe» paaaaH$»'*ay was tmntJ^raa for aa aat««»blX« to 

Colli« t«»tifi»(i fcJiait k« And iiifli /'as-ily ilt«<! d4« 
r««tXy Rl5«"<r« 3lfldT»t;4ff»» «Wrft; thin h«» «ra»t» koi»«« rriMB lojs©' p. «, 

*ew« a«r -<i'1 tie ?!«>«» .aiijroB* walkiii^' la tk« »tor« l8«*lfti». *hon h« 
l*ft. ftbottt firt 9? te«t »ijr>.itt»s «^ft«r ••v«ni in tko istornlafi h* tor 

Officer Bitrkf t«$aUfi«4 ih»i nQn<» «»f th« 8atcn«t on 
t1>i« |»«pt£tle» d@4»]r« fr@jis tSi^ iria4«« t«» th« «t9r« «#s )>r»ift«a. Tarn 
}»ts.9\ "^snnT wtkt «»9«fi, biat th«7'« w«r«i a«> laiirJcd flJ* f^i-e* on it. H« 

to f«t tlbirotii^ %h»,% .htl# la t}i« wloila^. Tli« «w^ty »^>'» boxwo, with 
tfef «aco«t?tl8Ji ol* * tmf^ w^rt in. 9TA%r oa tii« «ii3iv«», 

^Qti:i#;r @fn««r tssiaUjCiwd tha^ ynti^t to tlie Idth of 
liair ha iiag^«st4i4 &« X">ali««4. th«»t &« loa^ro a ll^Ut la him Rtoro at 
Bight »« t^at ^Il^« 9l*fitf«r» ea%ild a«« il' auytai»4ar «»• in t^aro, 
%Q vhi^ P«i.Io^ r«»j?Xi'»4, ^1 »iMlui.d tverry* i ma. ooY*rad Ity inour* 
anea." 

^9Xlu*i**n id'Vtii&fiay vra« a«airadJL<it6r3r la laanjr r«»» 
paote* i'ai.' in«»t^«j»4»«F, ixm &i,j«ti<;:d wuat ao maa an h« «•»• to tko 
4o«y Ua EiOtload ils« vla4oiir wts^e l»rt»k«fi, i>ilthou#t 1» tha otatNaont 
Which h« S!ign«4 jaot aftsr tfeo *ai«g«ff burglary h* owl^ ha op«no4[ 
tho otoro in tho aimal ^^ay aa<i dii not know that t'i«ra vao einy- 
thlag araniK ujatil ho wawt te turri off th« j^larw and oaa that tha 
atevo «ra» litt^ra^l wiUi ioxa». Ahjiit ha thoB iBYaoilgatM and 
fouB'' th« viii;|«« h^ boon oraoked. 

It lo hltoay lopi'ofeabla taat a buTflar treal? cat a 
halo 1» tho glaso wiadow or eoaid ii'^ve crawled ti»»oa«fa a hoio 
plaaoil as this vaa «*« oq ftstAll. ^»o, how aoulc^ ho got lata tho 



•tor« tlirtJUgJa tha parti ti©« ri,iaor» &®itif«wi tb.9 ofeo* wiR(i«v m^'i ihxt 
• tor* rntm wltuout brmwkiei: ^feu e*tftiie8t i'jroKk i^iSkulayU unA«tii«4 
•vlAorte*, lh« ftl3L«>|iffd bwj-giwry «wat hi^ym ttikim pXae» la ds^iifcht 

that t>urgl«rt e(»«iidi t«t tl»is siiort «i]si« hav« jr«s'«:tov«4i ayic on* 
iheu8«Bd i^aalr* df a]ii«»» rroiti y)^ir l&«tx«» or wotald. k%T» r«{)i.;»e«4i 
tho Itoxfft OB th» sh«ly«8 ©r caui-S cajrry t5i.# aii«>«« sa-way throtii^ t*i« 

^sitk 40er without tii« fi#igS'ite«»riii.ig baktjy or tei« h«lp«r kBowriBi^ ««y» 
thing about it, 

Vrem %h«»« im«f «t^«r etr@o.3««st!!me«»« «<» omumet «H,y thait 
tSi« «(!»»el«»l©H Itf th« trial e$«jpt %tx»>% thture vf&» no «?«n»ine burg- 
l*ry ■*■*» !Raarjlf««tljr contrary te th-s ffiTi.ieric«, 

Th« tjelley €14 not ijcvtr !©»» *wil«!«« 1»©{?k« sm^ »«• 
eount* ar« r^galarly kupt by tht Insured aiMI nrtt k#?jt i» eiueh »iin- 
ii«r tna,t th« est^et e&.(»«mt of loi« «t«ii b@ aoottrftt«>ly 't3#t«n'4ii«d 

on* auEtil t>i»at th«> I'alXarft of tlA« ieiaured to o&as^ljr wltH It will 

r«li«iT« th« &o£j»n^J!:^ Ifftjs liability, has t>««n li«ld in tt«yytt)ift,,X«»tiy 
W3C« .Ca. T. Ba^y.» & i.y.. «7 Ul, App. 374>. fa<t.y ,<^«ffi t •Jk&kk^JSJ^J^' 

,iiy.fBM .<^<^i yi,,3^^^iy» a« 12.2., app„ »74i MM^.t.PfJL,^f>^^yitf^<!'f ..itft. 

yt, fefiumd^ 169 111, <St«} »«*« al»o 14 K. u. i-, 1140, 

fiftintiff* k#!pt no inventory Jrftoordt wJiatcvtr aor 
ttBy (»th«jr teoair* fr&m whlta** t&* «x»ct f!ttfio?.int of l8«» on feay 19th 
•ODil'i b* aocwrately ««'«x*it»i»4. th<«r« v»»e sua ssttiwajit t« •'bYiat* 
this fulliir* hy lntr«>^^jela« » tw«a3il«4 *>«il»jr5c« «h««t er flnMnclal 
«t»tt«"*>nt, tettt It ««« !»fe»wR th»t thl« «t<»,t#»B#»t ■*»• »%*• U)4! giT«n 
t© th« n«ir«l^«l« Sho« C^fltpany far th« viuroose ©f ohtifcifling «r«dit. 
T^rthGvmv , It w»« 4ftt«<! May l«t «x4 »«t *Ay 19th, th# <f»te of 
th« tai««#d tjttrglary. All oriRlnal •«!*• •XljP» t'ro» «»• o«»h 
r««i8t«r jm^ all liivoieen ir«r» a«»troyed hy l>*ll»«k «n*l h« ••• 



*d 



iM;v 



ti»«licft «©nt&ise<S cmly fig«i.r«« «jaa<$ f5i4 n^t tail l» a,«tsiU *m4iat tk* 
Vtttff »ii«,* Th» r^uJTt *»• jiansttf !•<». in eoBclsrUtig fehat tht 
"Pl ii.inti.fr § <1iA not '«♦>«?> tH# y«^vilr«><l b«t'k«. ijn4 i&eocuAtft. 

for s non-tmlt «h««l^ hm^ >»««« «a.l»^«iS, S««ii & s&oll©ja «i)s«XA 
lift-r* fce«T! a)MI< ¥•!«?« fch« <?©»*•% si«*ti<?A Its fi*st.'U»g. SCwJl^lpad 

^f« 3M1I fe«iXy r. i^i^s^a Uii.if Ky. f^ff.» . 'a>Si HI. App, 23© ; 

^?y^»,y ,X,t, y^P^fAA, «&«» ^74 lll. Ai>¥», S??«j :)»afcf, t. ^yi?.ii>,attjaftXR|;ar- 
278 111. 35i>, fja« r«««ijr4 ieer* aiitn^'B ti^&t tia* if»l*lBtijri'»* ssotioa 



i«7 • 31298 






\ 



vir. 



A»?iAi. mm. umicwj^ cotmi 
e*' CHICAGO. 



A|»r)«13.«©, 



2a^ 62?/ 



This lu ati att ti4Gi3*<Mit iiuit tried hy %in» eoufft, t^'hlok 

th« affiaavit far &t,t»6;'.aa«o£ all^^f-'-a Sftsst ?^«.f«iri<js«it 

«r4- that »*ld *S«f«4iaint Ha,® d^p'ayt*?^ fro® tJvls i!«ts4t<!J with tJi« lr.« 
t«Rtl©Ei of having hiii anN'ic.ta r«5tof©d, and that h« l» a^bout to 
r«asovt hl« TjyctJ^rty froj® t.^-i« sst-ats** t© the tn,1ury of tn© nisdjo- 
t!fft. T)«f<»nai*t5t fil#s4 »« ti2#« traTomiKK th« i*n«isatloii8 of th« 
»fri«fftirlt. 

«ltt«s« thftt h* owed i55alntirf» th.ff wrooant al=ii.nrt^ rm^l apr>*rwitXy 
turn OKXy C0Rt«»t wiig/tw th« *tt-'%©h»i«mt, 

naifttiffB' «ktt9ni.«!y l.« ht« brifff say* tbat th« 
jtt4£^4mt awat be reT«rii#^5 for Ui« r«&aon that an dorendftrt fllod 
no pica trav»r«infc th* faat» ®t44t«d in th* affitfaylt apon *hlch 
tla* afctaclis-isnt isi'.j«^, »«cu facts ftJr* th«r«ror« adaittti. Chap. 
11. Qfle. 27. Ul. m^t,; Mt2,Jt^ JiMfiiOfiJiiMlt . ^'9 ^^i- A'>"^- *'''^» 
Lloyi V. llrsoolK 3ijt,rg. 8C'9 III. App. 421. 

P«r#n'1ant«s irlef «s&te;«i na at ,*.T.i»t to eor!troY*»rt ttilt 






1© At* H f i-tffi $ 



.1' 



*,ii* 



l*vl■^^^W^^a.'■^»«^#1>AM*^M>>l^*■l^*1^ 



point. All th<» CAC«ffl ftitftd hf Tiiw ar© onsea where jh plea «>«is 
fiZ«/! Iiy th« iefwidftjrAi. Ae tk« poiut of plaintiffs Id apuarwitly 
e(»co««!««{, ti»i» grownls *r,ii5,t*«! in th« alTlds^it for attaq>a»,«st auat 

Th<» jad,i^!«nt is t)n?r©for« i'«sveT«Ki»d «»i tha caus* 
rattan 4e4« 

]|lftteh«tt an<i Johnston, .^t, , ei^nisnr. 



.initio 



j',»tmimtn 



'«StC^tt4i 



195 « 313S7 



JACOB ««l5U&-iSCH, ) 



▼». ) 



Of COOK C013KTY, 



^ 




App«ni«.t. i 2 4 4 I .A. 6 2 3 



UKLXVEKKD MS OPlSlOiJ OS" WE COUItX. 

^ ^\^ Wile is afi sipi^«aJL Ifey defendant from an Adyert* Ju«^g- 

i&«nt for ^5572 U; >m action brcught on a oheck for 1(4400 drawn by 
hla and oa»ived fey pl&lntiff . Ihe Terdlct ©f tht Jury was for the 
amount of tixe cnecii. with, iateroat. 

Plaintiff declared o« th* eoimmn eounta, to wiiioli 
der«n<lant filesi a pls»a. of tli# g^nsral isou* an4 al«o asserted that 
the check was «r,iv<»i to plaintiff as conai.le'-atlon for on lllftgal 
tranaaotion, im'^ filed ft plea of s«t-off , olat3?ting that he ha4 
made loans te th«i plaintiff after hia eh^oif was oaaiiei aggregating 
more t^iae the aaiount ©f this check. 

BefendaTit 's couRssel aeserts that this is a coEtroveray 
tetween brothers, and that the transaotiona )>etweert then arose 
out of unlanrful d^'Als in liquor. They are ^escril>ed as "'boot* 
loggers," jeialntiff testified ti.at he receive;? the check from 
his B0& (def«ad&Bt*8 nopheir) said s. man nomvi, Ostty, a "boot- 
legger," and that he took the oheoii^ -iovn to the baiik and got 
It cashed and paid tVie »oaey over to Getty; that he cashed ths 
cheek beoauss hie aon told him th»^t the defendant said he should 
cash It; that he *8kftd fihy the oheck ^ae not u'^-de out to aetty 
and was told that defendant fJH not w^nt Getty's noms on the check; 
that he, the plaintiff, knew what Oetty's hualnese was at the time 
hs took the cheek. 



ffR^X« - flCI 



ff03At 



, i^'f y 



-^a**^. 



i^rl^S 



.>vjk ■$■,.' i'^-.' .'.''". I V \>>i^':.i,€i<s}v\ 



i? 






X01S" 



f} ■>; ;," !. ^- 'j '• 



£»-;;^;im;; ^- 



; Jit f» «*"{»& 
•■6ff!l 



fir ,r«ri; jx:*-*'-'' 



'fflfi 



■'.ffi 



"iilis^ii^^^'^ 



-» ^vi%iii,-s»^';»; 



19!5 - US87 



JACOB J«mU»l'3CH, ) 

ye. 1 

nnmr a.« mi^.lp!T8Ck, ) 

App«llant, ) 



OF cjooK com-n. 



m, mmiT^im justice Mo3tmsi.T 
i!SLiv>m3i> im opujim of the aomir, 

This is$ au a,pip»al by dftfendmit froisi tiust B4v#r»ft juds,* 
a«iit for $551*^ im an »etion t^rou^^lxt on ^i mfi&k i'&r #4400 clr««n by 
hl» sMfS «i«»h«4 by pl'^Sntlff. Tti% Vi^r^ioi oi' th,e jury w«j», i'op th* 
mount of th# oh«ek with irite^r^e;!. ^his onilntin' d«»<?» not apt^.^^^iar 
lo tHl« court te <!<if<«!!:j^ hi« JM'gJsent. 

Pl*lfttlfl* iiieel'*r*d on th# oc»*"<m @«>WJt«, to ^^hlch {?•- 
fitvii'ifknt fll«d a ?»l«»fli of th^ g«n?>»r«il tesu« swJ'^. s&lwo ^sft^rtfd that 
th*» ehftok wftii flv<»n to T»lalntlff »» oginwiasraition for mi ilI«gftX 

»H<il« loans to th« plairjtUT after hi© ch^eJs was? c-ush^d agf-.rarntlng 
Bore t'MGui the ABOunt of thie ah«ok. 

t>»f«n<iiu?t*» c-'URBOl aeaorts tJtat tnia Is a <ioEtroy«irsy 
b«tv««n brother*, -m--^ that lUe transaetione b«twflfMi Uio!;? irooo out 
of itnlAwful 4«*1» in Xlqtuor. Xh«y are doooribAd «• "bootl«»gK''r«»" 
Pi&lotiff t«8tlfl«<? th»t he reoeiirad tho ciiree* froa hio oon (4«- 
fendattit'o nophow) and a ttaa »a»«4 Qotty, ft "bootioggor,* and th&t 
hft took tut ch«ek doirr to tiio bank aund a^t it c«»Uo4 ond p*ld t.^o 
inenoy ovor to Ootty; that ho cuohed th« ah^ak bffoauoo hio oon told 
him that th« d»f«n -taiit ««l!i h« «h©«lti caaiii It; tuat ho a«k«d why tho 
eh«ek t»»» not madio out to Qotty !i.nd wu» told that rtofen^fant did not 
waist OottyU nnmo on th* oh»ctt; that n#, tho plaintiff, k«#* what 
Gotty'o l>u8lnft«R wao at th* tlKO h«* took th* ohook. 



r 



)l^m 



smt 



fttMtm 
. '-'«ir<Mi 

• 9iM 



It is olai«**<! th^l tuls trnnsa«tlon nroso out ©J" th« 
"lesotlftgf lag" lsu»ln#«t »n<^ that it wan rever«l^l« ^tmr for th« 
o«ttrt ts E>r«v*ttt th« artJ«»»«3ta3!aln*tlon of nlalntliT ••*« to hi» 

knowiw'igit of thle fnct, Thiw «X8i»ilaati©n shetjXd h^vt. i)«»©ri allo^od!, 
Th» A^f^nAm-it tttsitiflwl that h» Xo-ar.wa variotjo auK* to 
tho plsiintlff, ftggr««f«tt»« 14400, 'which wwre n<*vor repaid, and 9U9- 
portAfI thio by IntrosSactng j?h«>cK« flv#» t© pXaintiff, i*lttlijtiff 

•ay» that h« wtko "prttty owre" th*?»(«! cht^^kn i?<?r« for Kftrchwdioo 
wjiioh ho ha4 ooia hio teroth«p, Xo Bo^attvo thit, a«f©nflAnt tea- 

tlfi«<1 that h« had giTOU plalistit'i^ a n*iaib<^r of othsir caooka for 
Variotia sijiaa, which «r«j?« I'er m»r eh,arj iti ssa , Pi«<;? offssr«d esucn chnokt 
la •▼idftnoo, whicri h*: 8!f»l!! c0Ktai«@d. notatioati wii^ch iiwtinj/wlahad 
thoja from tlao ch^oks girftxi to plAintti't for losiiio; fcut ti.«* court 
r*fu»e<! to al.iow thooo eiiecicfe %ll«g«f! to "h#» for m^rohaitidiise to be 
lntre«\ie«d in «▼!«!«» oo, 

T,H««« en*?»e3<;.o ehoMl^'l hav» feiftftf; adsEsitte<J f*r.d th« AttfnvA* 

«fit p$rffiitt#<l to teisstlfy :*« to hcv Im id^or-tlfiM th««s from th« 

be 

ehftokff ?!tll«»j!f«'5 tgyj;?;! 'f tfi tt nlr*intiff f^r loe.n«. I'his? -votili hAvt 

twi'^*'"? to asmarmrt «1 of ««-!«»«*♦« pli®» «f »«i-.off *m''- ;iiRo to refuto 
pXftiRtlff •« -denial th&t ?a« w«is ix» th« li(|u<»r byairj^mo, 

for t>i» r<^aBon« .a'bg'99 iftsiicfs.t0i ,tho ,f «■*.:?«'. *»nt i« re- 

▼«rae4 ana.'* thf- cmt«« r«i.5«n':l<&d, 

iiaitfthott «WB«i Johnston, .T.7, , c&iicur. 



»««» 



ttr&tt 



nii 



1104 • 91^16 









OF cf)OK oomrnr. 



/14I.A. 623 



3>v 



]3m.IVIK,F»D T.!» OPIB10S OF fill QQmf, 

fh.i« le a* mppe&X 'fey V«r6Klsa Erartisie i'roi^ rni, ordl«r 
<i«nyl»i th« 9TtkymT ©f H«r petition, In w-yiioh «im aeka th»t Frank 
Krauet, h«v rcrg,<*r hifteb.%^:5^, ^#> ii?«li Is «oat«J3|»t t"s»r f.A.Uwfe to 
pikjr «,rr»ttr»f«« «iR-oantiKf *■«?■ »<?»« ^S,OC© «wat"!'.®i! t© h«T by « <!•- 
er*# of diT«sre« for thi^ ttt's-si^ert af tw^ alriei' children. Ji» re» 
Ull^^l by affidavit t«j th® ero^B-eftu&pl&lawt'is pwtUian w! th« 
e^urt »rt»r h«»rln*.: «vl'i»in<je *nt#r«d its R«gaiive ordur, 

Ths% t>artl«» ^a'ler® aarrlcd in AS>ril , 1910, fund llir«4 
tegwtJiffr Witil Jmtt M«17. fw© ehll^pwi w«r« teorn to thwa, !i«a 
w«ra fourt«ftn tiisd twelve y^mru old rsatjeotivaly «-4t tii« tlis* of 
t3»« h^flurlJig ©f thi« pat It Ion. In J'i»««, XVI 7, ''rwak Kraut* 
40in«'i th« lJnlte4 Ut^am r^^ry ;i«=1 *»• tn this «#rvic;a until 
August SS» 1919, Wkstfi ii* 89U«si^t te returr; to ni« wlf« h« found 
that she Ji&rf aovec! fres! their olci aJlrein m'^ -»• ep»Bly living «*«! 
ooaafcltlng witii owe 4llk« Muloe. iie tiii?r««i><»f» fllftd a ^111 for 
(5ivorc« *63.ijii't h«»r. oharsjlKg adlultery. hy »ul>»«uu«nt a|fr6*i3ent 
•f t}}«ir r«»peetl7« attcrnflsyn aisrt in orler, hi «&:'», not to cauoo 



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•m kexf fc ,,u,.j,f 



9ft i«.- 



way »om5rt«l to his mtmr e^iil^rnn^ Mr«. Krauta nx«»«l a cr.>B»« 

Mil mA pr^mrm^ u^s ^flvoi-o* ^ith Ui* \indl«r»4w'ling that a© 

•■apport thou: 4 ho *sk*!«l for hurs^eli', the :l®o)f>«!p ^r^* entered 
Jiin« IR, 19S0, «ad $IQ m *fi»«fc wrb oris1»re«? %.n b® p^iiri for tn# 
•iiprtort ttf tiid two 8hil''S'«n, 

KriB. Kra««i» «■»« !»?irri©<« t© Mike Mitla© In 19W^ m<i 
te»t ha<il tli« ohll.-*.rer) in h,«-r eustorty ail tli*» t.li^«». Fysmk Krau** 
h%9 ruraarrladl «jri<)! has fwo ebll *r»n "by his !*«con-1 wir«, ij© t««tl- 
fif-^S that hp ("arrs'-f^ fr«»» |9^: tp ^im % taoKt;;,, r,n-'^ that h« b'*« no 
«*vingt; thai h,« swerki^S a» £ar4J^«r, Th®r« wa» »a.so b«i'dr« th« 
OGurt a r*port crltieieinjg &ri». Kylee'* r«!>n;tat,ion for hoTivety and 
li»r e«&e;.uet sm « »<»ther, 

th«i ehane«ll»r ■wh«j <?vl'.j«»ntly oj' tne opinion that 
un?t«r »ii trt*? «lro>«s«tj*r.e«9 tuw gietltlower .u%d not. «sho'!'« that 
Iraiilt Itr^uoe iia^ wilfully y«fu«ed to edmjply witb thm decree with 
T«f«?rersc« to tft« ^aj?sieijt« t© bs* ssads %a.^r»\m*\9V, W« '■»re of the 
Opinion that t\im «vii!eno» Jwstlfi*^ tiiis aonol-.j(isi«»«, t»n>l th« 
• rd«r &?ti»ff«d«d I'rem i9 «iiJTlx^«<i» 

!K*teh«tt !W'J ^ohKBtow, .T.7, , cem^-or. 



^\ 



29A • 3I96T 






LILYAH VAUOm, ) 



Of CHIUAfiii. 



244 I.A. 623 



Plaintiff tQ&k j«d;-E5«8t by aonfeaalon %^alx>eit -l*- 
fms4ant on is prosilawory ntjt« ^s-lth si powojr ef (Attorney eignsiS fey 
Hftr. On motion 8h® ir*« gyant«€ leave te deftiOia, th.« ju'SjiiP.erit to 
• tJM5d »« ««ot.irity. n»on triai by tae court th» judf^i«nt for 
I1644.X3 with attorrii^ya' f««s» of |i4t.4? was ef)nrirse.«4. i^refe tUto 

X>«jr««id»Kt * » set* ■v&n givei; jjl»lntilT a* prirt oi' the 
purebase priet of m pituxio »n^ h«r diefenae 1« {X) thst-t there was a 
t)r«aeh of th« implied warriimty tuart tke piano ai^tild h^. reaaono 
aibly fit for ita furfo^ve; (11) that th«) contr^et of eal» wat 8u1>» 
^oet to h%r a^strttval. wlthir* iMrty <lay»; miA (3) tafit tiierw was 
an In-le^Andant o<>»tra>ct to rosoiiul th« tr^JQsaotiein. 

Mr, ?^«»ntori *!*« ^jafjloyer?, ■fey fklaintlff «,« a sfil^scan. 
In July, X9^^, hm waa 1» ch'jrge of a branc^J of j>laintlff '0 bu«l- 
B««t looatftd near Aafttnl ant* 11 r«flid«J3o« and oaIl«»i!l upon h»r an<l 
nogctlat** a sal • of aji-^ d«>3liror«»:1 a ipran*! pl(^o to h«r <^bj«ei 
to bar approval. Thiw t)lano provad unaatiafnctory becaue* of 
it« slxe, atf)4 4afar>^ant r«quA8t<K>1 it* rex oval ;m<f the ««ub« wat 
rasiOTad, Au^uat loth »ir. fe^tou toojt tii© defwdaiit to the 
Wabsiaii aTonua atora cj tiia ol&lntiff wuaro thfiro «»»» a wi^ar 
a«l«ctlon of plftcios. '^ofteni^ant had nw exp^riftnco in »ta«ical 












^;;ti;<i 






in«t]rua«nt» of thmt kln^, iU<!. aot p%&:y thn pi«m<t m^<^ hm<» never 
»wn«d a piiuio i>«»^for«, Sh» »«l#ets<5 on* whish »»«n%4L «atl8f«ioiory 
Mais y«nton tftld h«r tltat If It »Ji©ul'^ ne>t b« aatlflfaotory It might 

1»« TftttirnM. With thiikt tEii3>1ffi'r^t«^»<'^ing ftlio p^M 11^ on aooount »nd 
•zA«ut<?(l! th* nat*' in qijtft»ti(»n« »eoar»dl lay chntt^l iiB>ertg;a£«i on th« 

D«f«)r!!'^ii»r..t ««y» tliat * d«^ 03r »o «^t©r t'a« |!>iaKo was 
i«»llt«red It •ouK^*^ *ieu4 fMi4 bangy." Tli«r(BU|>»a aft* a<iJkl*4 y^r-.tnij 
Iby *ph©i4e flk«d h« pir»R.l««»d Itn »mui » iniBi^jr, saying it wa* fklways 
BftQeiseMrf to tun« ayei Instrws^^e'.nt of %sm% kin4 with s>?i*er«i^'«i' to 
iHo roo% in whleii:. it wao usko^, Xt ifrao still uiitn&titBfo^otory anA 
Jfonton eimi tt fMit&p^' «;3£p«rt %« ^ut It Ir ordor, but ttilit i';ail<»d. 
MB<) dol*@Rd«nt r«i|ii««ti^d tlmt t}i« pisusiO b« rou^^ved. i'«aton «.»ko<l 
loftT* to haY« tli%« fl«]i« r^yS'mli'j in 4«i'«»4a»t*e .^i^piar ti!i.»nt and! that 
b* "b« p<«r»jltt«i<i to ferittf israspotoiiv* i?swroSi«Miejp» to tii« apartment. 
8uoh Xaavo w»« ^Tdutte?! ssiai pirosi|j*»Qt0 «r«ro tj-ought by Wanten to th« 
ft'p Arts nut to m%im.tnm iho fitskao. f^oton thi*i5 03Kiesa5in^<i tho Inotru- 
iB»i!t artfl »tM.te4 that he '•«!!'?n»t ro^i&lftKO what b«4 ehap^ t&« olar.© 
*aB In; I oou2 ir.H ««ll that piano tr. that sson-lt tten,* nm^ that 
ho woul-l h«r« it p»tMn!s«<1. to tho plftlHtllT, 

A Ml«o Ji»rta.*B , wHo wa» a jJrof^aoioBal isuolcisus with 
firtoon y^eirm* o«f>#*ri«Si©o, t«8ti.5io«3S that alio oacassijinsd tho fiintno 
M><!J that tho ton« woo l;*okir.^ in "tia^iaity and 'beauty;'* tisat tho 
*ton« l8 d«A4. It haw «o reoorta-i'io* or ovortone. *** I dou't 
tiilnk tutting »oui4 imj»rov« %h% i^u&ilty oJ" th« teu--;, t^-* It «oul4i 
Appear t^ mo th».t th0 AOtio» of that ploj'.o wao ii^ocg this ehooyoot 
I hmym ovor trl«4, I Kkooii tii» ieii«tt|»®ot ia prieo aai tbo poorfnt 
la quality. *« aoja« ox' too koyo would otlok." In o «»«<* piano 
»ft«r yott otrik*s a it«y yow nsar tao ri»B for a c«rtaln loitgth of 
ti»«. "Thlo «!&« llk« a th«<4. * She tootifiod tisat oho Hoard 
thio piano boforo «n?3 sil'ter it wmo tunod. "l woul<t rank tbo piajoo 
as ono of tha ohoaooot I havo hoard,* 






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J* tol" I^it *''■' ■■'"-'*■ ''*'?'^-' 



jft«irtin kajnrlnao, » pioiio tuottr of thirty ytars ^x* 

p«rieR«»( 9%aiklLR»A th* piano »lth two n«B from plaintiff's ol:ice. 

a* eay« ti»« plari* "la«k» qualit:; In ton*;* timt "it has all the 

parts D«o«its«ry to ]fli%k« sun inettnj^s^nt . but %h«y ar« not afi««nbl«il 

in «u«th «. vajr a9 to »»)£• It » rirst«ol»ff« inntrtment. It has no 

oarrylng eitam Ity - no tono-aarrylng quality. In ay eatiaatlon it 

Is Bet eo»sir«C!t«:l to HmYo a go®'? toii«-ei»ryytB<? quJulity, •* This 
piano is unlike a pi»i.« of ites viShlu^ aJni'l ol^ss (U»d oo«t «tf)<l aoooar* 

anes ?in1 «Y«rything in funeral, *** It i» not cowetruBtOfl for a 
high'gartbSo piano in Mjy <*».«. tou caonot ijst very ameh rf'Bult as 
far as iStt«io poBsifctiity i» C0n<(i«rti«":l,* That *rhilff tho lir«BB5«rs 
e^ulr! b« ^voios^k,** ifHioii j^ttftfis ptiaaiag in* htussmers, it '^ould not 
*«iati(3 uf)*** That it is ft *oaafi%oraittXly Ka4« pi>mo, o&« tt»4« to 
soil qui'Okly,'' 

fiiis testimony i« «©t subittantiaklly *«wi«d.- Tho two 
aeri i««et fey pl'ilBtilT testii'i-ad thai the pisurio Bo«d[«<i vuielng; 
tliat th« "puaf • »j»k«« a slight noiso. 

&«o. Id, ohap* l«^la. 111. Stat., provides ttiat «rtisr« 
it apf»ars th^% tiae buyor rolifss on taii a«llfltr's aUli mA judg- 
»«Bt th«r« is an iiai>li*4 warr^mty that tlis ijooAs sold shall b« 
rsasoRalslT fit for the p«rsJO»<t for w^d®i''. th« goods mr® sold, 

^B J. g... 3oi> b^^yg ^^aao- C o. v. Llrxjngy . ^^-l Ui. Apx>.54, 
it vas hol*l that thws -"ras as iiiBpli«?^ warr'saty that a 9ip« orean 
oeul^ bs satistft«etorily plstyftd <m'\ assod in th« »*>nrlcs Tor which 
it was bottf^.t, lifid that if th» «vi/|«nco ahoworl t» breach of oueli 
wanrjMRty t&s buyor could BOt b«* h<3ld for th« puroh^so prios. *t 
bkoldl that iio th« iRst^k^it c&Htt ih^rn «)bui jsua liepllod warranty that 
ths pia&o vould b« roasoh'ibly satlefaotory to th« purohas«r for 
the purposs for via eh it was t'ou^ht, •*« 5 that tho <iTid«net aieply 
proT«<S that it failo<f in this r«»p«sot nn-i thoro *as a brcaoh of 
tlis inplied warranty. 



■ ir '» ? "■ itK? ■ 



»t«? 



*"J?«. 



^1«^. 



fmitim t«'»tlflff'1 tisat %hn '*»5»lft •was nagoilRtttd o» 
th« iMMin tHmt It v%« to t« en t^-ilrty Axjtt trinX,'* 1% is cot <1«* 
«1«4 th»t jJ«f«ndiMit notlft«<l .')l« -svltiiia tulrty dayt tViifit th« i^iiimo 
vai ur.«fttisf«kQtory wa^i r«qu<»at@4 Its rm^ioval and. i;uat he a|f:re<s>d to 
h»T«> it re£^{>v«d. fliere la no otmvtnolng •'videnoA tn contrMlet 
this. mJt. i^ttrolTad.* p^«intiff *s gQD'iKX'ftl lam^-tger, wae p.rft««ot only 
piort el' th« time «hll« def^ind^biU was «3!ia£.inlng dI^ujos In th» Wabtkih 
airsfiuff stort a»'J dil net h«ar adl that wafii aal^ Ijcitwden Fef^ton m\A 
tb« <!tf(^Rd«urit. 

y«nton*s »ut.-:attrity to laak.* «ueh eoii'fl tional »&!« Is 
«tt«ek«<l!, H« www the g«m«r«»l sal^-n aft^nt Ik rtharg« of th« brsufieh 
• tor« of th«» nlfflintiff ■^i-'t was T«e.c«?:ril!B<?Kf *« a g:•?^Ke^»l ng«it. If 
thsr# ^r«« «»y llsftit«tlos ob hl« anthority to nw^otlats «i>d siako 
t#r'^:8 with a T>ureha««r, bvjc: 1L'--.1 tatlon wrte knows only to his 
prlnel^mls nri'*. himnelf, 'M f&t t&c th® ^!•u>•^llc ^a» 0eBo«rfi«<J, hs 
h«4 apipferent «,«t^>ority t© Ti(»gr<tiat« trie t<»3"i;.-.9 ©f 8»l»s», '!?ver. If 
tas «xo#«'f«d hi» f»rlv?«.t^ in»tn3<atlo««, y«t if h« .»ct©d ^Itnln th« 
•tijparwat scou» of hi» auttjority, th« jplalntl ff «?111 h*-. bouni, 
SElJ*aiLJUjt%M8lE. 106 Hi. Aj»u. 432; iMk&UUJ^SUlX* ^^ ^l^* 
App. K^; t). &. i.ii;s Ifjgp Go. Yy ^Adv&ace .C0». «K> Hi. 8*9. 

fh« «vld<Mi6S ^jstabllsuedi a r«s«i8sion of thf» contr&^ot. 
leatea repsstsdly told A«f<ws'tasit that plaintiff ■wowld taks ths 
plsno ottt «f bur »|»»rts.^2t, 4i« so r«q«':«ted Pprcl-ral, ths general 
msnagsr, i*o proff)l*«A to "plsk it up.** Later wh«B Psrolvsl snd 
Yentoa *sr« dlseuaslng a c»aiaB4 salon f'riitsla f«nton olfti»o4 o« ths 
t»ls «f this piano. I»sreivea rofa^^^i to fill«w th« sams, ssyinf 
■that olano is eoralR;? l>»*«k ?«id y»« io n«t «st any or«41t Cor It," 
aua that It wowld |»o»ittvs2y Ixs picinrdl ui». Xt *as suffl al^ntly 
•«taYilish««! that th« pl!*lr.tiff «\gr#R<l to tak« tJis ei«»o *a«)r. 

Th« 4sfiws«s a*i'«rt*»-^ by /isf«»n4ant wsrs sufficiently 
•stabll«hs« \)y the «vl<?«ne« m-i tiim trial court itas not juetlfl^ 
la finding against hox. the ju,1*p«b* wlil thsrsfors bs r«<Tsrsed 












. .^ •. .. ^ 






,*««» 



'-.'♦ !s' ill'fi!'. '.'i» 



,t«f' IttlX 



vlth a finaing; of frnf mA Jali^Bonfe of gj^ <MHi ^§| will b« m* 



«!»» m 



^Atml 'tu %.c^J.tnn 



ass - 31M7 FtiTOIMO 0? FA0?S. 

W« i'i»*^ «» wltii4at«i f»0.*i» that thiir* waa »n lrapll«<| 
warpJMity that ^e plarso In q\t«i9tl«»n woall ^^s In pluying quail Uet 
reasonably tatlafa«tory to th« <!<if«»flaiBt, rjun^ that ther« was a 
'bresieh of »uGh i&pli«>ji wMrranty. ^4 <ileo find that the sftle vae 
coudltiojaea upon a thirty A.m^n trital of tU© ptano Ijy the d«f«nd» 
M'jt» acta that witn.iJ3 tt«kl4 %i^& the pi mo px'&ved to l&e unn&tlal'a.fi- 
tory, nnd thftt pl»>i»tl3Y w«&« so netlfiod and «gr#ts4 to ren^TO 

the ploKO froK def^rtdiuit 'a f4|»5*rtaa«rst. ?''« also find timt plaiotiiT 
agreed to rescind the oontraet Mid take fe»«jii th*is pltuio. 



999 • nuf 



G^iihl^-^ IMtmBOk, %x«eutri3( of ) 
•Mil ¥X'U«t«« Vg^9T th« Will of ) 



▼ ». 



^vMm. ) ^4 4 i,A. 6 23'^ 



jwauvs-Hgr* this ©fiki©* of tm Qomt, 

?hl» ts an 'ssneal fey pl'i.intin* J'J'osk *»» ai1v<»rt« jmtlg- 
»«nt tn a ault to r«©pif«r Tnr,%, 'Vlti4«r a -sfrl'ttftn l<»a«© with powtr 
0f attorney, jufltajK^r-t fey eMif#s»leii wa.« first «rit«r«a acftinst i0» 
ftnda»t, but OB hl» E&otien this tra» »et asidn «U34 ui/en h«»ring by 
th« court tlie Jta-:1.^&.@fit wa« again»t th« i^li%intiff. Tho d«i'<>>n':?iu}t 
404MI a«t &pp«iar In this ggutI to <l«l'^r.^ t''ai« jtt<lg;^«nt:. 

thi» JL«tji.ft« gtrc^vided Tor r«£itttl at IISS a isontli euad 
•jcpirtd April 30, 192!!^. Dti'eii^ajit r«^aJlned ir. poe«»sslou of th« 
l^y»i«i»«» Bis<l! pals i^Iatntiff y©r»t«l. *t ih<s lasiMft rate i'or Kay, J'uno, 
^uly, AttgYiftt ttni S«)ptexcl»«r, If^^S. M« ««▼»<! $}«pt^»b«r S9th, and 
thl« flttit !• for r*ntttl for ui# i^oiiths of &oto)»«r, l!ev«nb«r and 
B«0«;eb«r, plftlrttiff olaijaiBg 4«f»n1ant ia a iiold-«v«r. 

D«f«rf<*««!»t el«im»« that h« hM «jn ftftrftimant to pay 
rent only for th« tt»p hr oocnaiP>i«4 th« |»r«satB<?B. Th« trial ooart 
fouri'l ftff^^inst hl» on thi* i«sm»R *wi4 h*ld that h« w»« a hol<3-orer 
tonant, hvt ^urint arj^xseiwit raiwO'S th» qu«ittloB whathtr plf».lntiff 
ll&d prov«d dMKM*s i'f'J* t^ie ms»*-h» in qux^otion. a ^-itn^^t who 
roRted th« propudfty for the i>ialntiff «»» atlli in court, nnA 
plaintiff ofr«r«tt to r«oall ai« to prov« that nl^lntiff iid not 
ront tlio proaloeo aft«r th<f defendant «i«vod out; but th« court 
rulod tH»t it hafi BO 'Jtiooretiori to ai-;ow tho witn«»« to be rocftllod 



itH 



■J'<'- Ul' 












vj^ fi^^irJi^tx* 



K«. •J.^^v.V-^ff 



bad . 



'rf*a >>««'»'* 



•re^Q' hv-A 



txum 



*l*t«r th« plttintirf hud put in h©r ca««. In th» a^bseuo* of* amy 

•▼ilojfice <»• td t]*« r»nt»l valiis of ttv« property lojd the faiXur* to 

]>70Te that ne «»• «la« had piatd rant for tt4« : onth» Is Qu««tloD, 

th« eourt «at«rftd m finding JTor tiut dftfendsunt. 

Tli« court wa« in ©rror In not allowiog th« pX*lntiff 

to oupnly further oroof, 'Ih« eourt li«« diacr«tio» to allow 

even 
yftTtloo to intro'iueo OYl^Sonceo/ln n jury trinl atft«»r ih» Tgymtnt* 

WTO e««pl«t«i1 iwid tho jury h«.« b«»«ii instinct «d. ln'Mm> ,^^ f I). & W . 

&t:t.„>t0.t .y.%, ^A^^r.km* 19«5 111. 801; Cl^ie<»«o City Kv. Co^, .v,. 

Garroll . 306 111. 318; filvoro v.. AlQ«:felin. 1C3 111. App. 28-3$ 

»yl&ftrg Auiotao^tlt Worko v^ ijoTemx . im HI, Apn. ©8. 

T}s» proof «9tftbli«h«d «> fe.<»ld-oir«r, '■>«f«in4i(int , 

fall«(| to prom th» aillL^$,m€ jugrtOMont to b« r«ll»iiv«di of r<*nt wh.«n 

!i« Ksov«<t froB the j»ro!«t8««, th«» trial court ao fmin-?, no follows) 

*Xh» cc«rt finals froBj. th« ovifleriCB tntit thp 'tefwndaiit, 
Saifr;u«l Goltlaum, h«^l'1 tl&« d#r;.i304 f}r«i£riiB«(« fit.ft{iiT tae oxplrfttion, 
liy ItB t«r-:::.«, of tU* leaeo iu ovidtnce wltJiout any Vftlld and 
binding; «iicr«0JS«at wlUi tao Itinilord ;i!wuu(»l Loiloror Inooi-alatftiit 
with the «x«rcl«« by said ^msu^l l.oSoror of "i^in ri|-.ut to tre&t 
th« totsant aolfJmsm i*« a hold-over tenant for tU« y«ar ©o«ac«KC» 
ing fe«Ly 1, isaa, and#r V.m aaffi«^ r«r*t ani provlfsiono *• tho 
lease In «vid«i*i«s« vhiQb by it« tertio «3E^?irod April 3C;, 1925; 
and th«t,t BaKuol i<«>4or«r «l@etodl to sitn^t did iaold said -.ioldisian 
AS Bttch h^iaonror t-^siiaftt; and that «aid voldj^a^i pji-ld to oald 
Lodioror, or his fikg««t«, or tUm ^%$0n%n of the axocuirlx aad 
truotoo un-1«r hlw will, rorvt of il2S p»r taonth for the aowtho 
tf May, JTun*, July, &«gv,j«t aftiJ i3»s>t«a»ber, 1925, whioh ront 
th« said juoderor, his ai^fmtft, ofo. , accei^tAii." 

J8o obJ<»8tieii or exa«ptl«« wao ta^m to tiilt. Tho 
)iel4[*0T«r wa« ok the aaese tfl-ma aa tho wrttt«« Xaaao. Clinton 
Wtr#. Cloth Co. y. Qar4»^r . ©9 111., IfJlj Oolito>oroi |fifa t ^ GaUg. 
Xio 111, aW; iSpgf^tt^ip -y. KuhK . ^s« 111. lis. 

Tho ocvoMsuKt to pay ront i« an lnd«p«ti1«nt eoY«r,ant, 
anfll ^laiati ff wa» «ntltl««! to roooror accorrtlft«4 to itt torsio ur loot 
tho dofoniant «h©w» Ito teraxlnatloB by ©miction, r«loaoo or our- 
raniSor or a ro4uotion by «ot»off or roooupmcnt. aola v. at»ffQr4. 
8M 111. aiO; Jopea on taadlord «md Yar.ant , p. "^70. The abandon- 



«^ ■^firi' 



f 9 tauten- 



tUSildn. 






\i\£tin» 



*•«& M#»«|.<|'"' 






ffmhtm^m^ »'W^0~ ■ b'*r4»i..W'jf4»-^>f' 



•.^$i*v/* 






-AcS'Uvii- 



.:^M 



«ettt (514 not t«rfolnat« 4«fffri!smt's Iia1»llity to pay th« Agr«tt« 
111, as, Th# proof of th«» 1«A»« WH.9 ,g3Pim*i r fee la t»roor «.ut .orlwing 

Isaasi. ^. "''o; i^n«rLJL«...lim^2:««. i^o m. Ap.». su; BtAJtoftaWt 

Y. Clajplt.^ S19 111, AiKti», 30a, ?h«r« was nuiTlelwii •vl<J«riO« b«for« 
the sourt to 4u»t.iJ> a jtt^{^i«iit for IJaw platoiiff. 

1f« »r« ai»k@4 to «lv« juds^wt for tJi« pl.%liitlJT In 

thia eourt, ii^'^ we hav* th© power so to 3o. ;Jec, 110, <j/ir.4p. IIa^, 

?r!%oilQe iUit, ill. at«,t,j ifearr 1 f f . t . hrosi^f. . 2sa 111, Apo, saB; 

^y^,ftl.f.«rq tt '^^%» 3ia 111. do. 

Xlio Svtdii^^mit li re-ve.r»04 ^ith ». finding; of fa,et» 
aa4 Jtt«K«a'*nt for tii« pl-^slniiff ie '>Tit<pr«4 n«r« for #375. 



Ufttohott at»# Joi'iaoton, » <^, t ^ono^tr. 



IH,: 



•t' 



nmt #•*> ^>>^ 


*3^«« 


-.^ fifh.^' 






^ii* 




■*«f 


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.1* 



OJbL^::^ :'J1 



•^.'•^vl I' aim 



''^i^9ti»U 



fh« «««rt flnAw aft witJisatt fact* from th«y <%vl!3or.<s« 
that th« d«fen Jaist tieid ovwr J'r«>» th9 l«a«« txplrlag 4{>rll SO, 
If 9S, Attt) thttt 4Lttf»n4amt beaassie mid v«9 boun«i to |>ay riRut ftt 

$1S5 a laonth for %h« yetfur &^m&.im&%ms. Uis^ l, 1921^, un'1l«r th« atunt 
t«r«« «ttB €>ORt.ttln«# lis th« writt«« leaae, ism^S. tJmt tft© pl&intiff 
is «ntl%lftd to r«nt at th« rate ol' -JJia!! -a jaquVa f&r tUo aoiathft 



ft-i 



t^# '. 






317 - 51449 



AOf 90118 WSXWB, a Co mo r»ti '.i^n , ) 






0'/ CfClCAflO. 



j=;*j» 



44I.A. 623' 



6^ 



fiy this aope!£&l. 'StfONttdliimt tt«<^k* thtt r«v«r«aJL of a 
Judjg^«rtt «g»ln«t Jiim for I17S, i-epr«8eriUn«^ th« l»uXanot elal%sd to 
b« dac on a twwity volum« ©5»t oS* Atitaorw ;>lg«e»t wold by »laintll*f 
to hias, 

thft (saae ««» first trl^d hj a jury which return** « 
▼«r<!iot i& fftv^r of ihn 4«f#nia.v^t. €ii !t4oti&fi this vets s«>t a9i<lt 
*B<! & Rmr trl«a i;r».»it«<5, !rh.«r««ptt« tu« parti«» aMgri»f5»iii thai a ji.jry 
b* vftlveiti ar-.-1 t.H^ e»u«* «ti^ialtte4 to the «ourt« '.rhsj- »vi4^,c« 
h^arf! by th« j«ry irsta aon«td«jp*s3 by t>i<» court, «htoh founJ fer tbo 

plj^lKtlfJ*. 

9«f •nilisur.t *« attorr-ey Jn his 'hrlef ar«ju«e the caao on 
th« th«ory ihttt th« pf©eo«-fJir!ijf» or; t.'a» trial lEiy tho jury ar« bo» 
fore us for rw-vi^w, Thi« la a wleconowiption of t':;« ftlttmtion* 
¥h«r. tA«t v«rdl*5t of tho jur/ »».« »&X asido «r»4 th« jaotion Tor « 
n«« trial granta^, thoao }>rooo^41 gt wore wlosil out «« far ao this 
court 1b oonc((r}ie>d. It if? for u» only to considor wr.oihor t^ 

•▼I4ftnea justified Vhm fluilAg of t'lm oourt. 

i>«f«risi«nt ^ao ap'oroaciiod toy iu Mlohaoiwon »kfid a oon* 
v«r«ation wao h»« looktini; t<j tho purohi^fcOft by d»f *nl»Mt of a t*«nty 
Yolttfso iat of tho AntHora T>le*«t. A written o<?ntr»ot of oalo vaa 
•iS&ft4 "wfiieh etBtainwfl th« ^«el fleatloriB of tJsi« voluiasa. Tho only 
oao la l««uo is ooooifleotlon ^4, *:lah A^nerihtui tho fcln^^lBg ao 
"ful3, l»«,it'ier,« 



t*>X<' 



mwm mmitm 






Hi 

■■•■«• 



i:>«fei5??uPt 6l8.1in» that ■whsii htf purohrtafi^i fch»» i-j^oki 
li;lefa«#l»«n «fe9*««^ hl» a Xl«!» l«ath«r ^Ip^ing a»fl 4«f»n^»ot bought 

feinting; tkat illoh»als<»ii -^ald ttmt Uii« ty»« of >>ln.1iiH? v»» a 
*rwll leather" M«i:nJ9« *« »»«ein«4 \>y th© contrmet; that wh«w tH« 
^oek. w«r« ,UllT«ra^'l hit AUm^MV^i %h&% th« bUv^lng was -not In 
»eeeirda»o« «U]n t>i« tjl«-:Unji wi ssaLI >seok m <l«s«rib«d «mi4 e%hlblt«« 
to him Uy" i.l©:ia«3.8^^n» Der.<n*<^..art ^rotft pluiRtifr two l»tter» re- 
futing t© act®5>^ tli« books r«r th<^ reason ^h»t tii«y w«r« not «• 
r#S^r*i««Bt«*d by Ui* *«^^t. atlmusJi in *.^it..«r or th«a* Xefcter. 1. 
it epeetfUalXy «tat«.A ia ^n^t r«j»«<tt U.«y di^V^r«d i'ro«i the 
«t«itr*0t «t»«cinoatU«s. m«r«^ i« b» «l«finit« «Tid«me« ^« to how 
thi» books r«.««U»d by A«f»i^'1«ftt -^^r*^ b"ttr»rn t^ut U •^^^r.o to be ai- 
•««4 by both 9»rtl«« tiis^t Uie biuaag wa» l«»tia«r OTcsr » i?a«t«. 

boATd back* 

Mr. i»«lla«d testifying for th« plmijitlff •ttU that 1M 
H»« b««» m'th^ v>0ok bincUttg b.i«4»^9« for t^«Hty-flTe y^ftri «b4 wm 
fiusUiar with ^n kt«49 «r bii.dir.g«j that ttlff leather binding 1« 
l«ath«r ow « i»%«t#b««trd b^eJr. ^<) thU *^*yl* »*" ''^^"■''^^^ ^» ^'"^ 
in th» XT^B as «fuU X«»th«r- tinging; that ll«p leather >:ln.Un« 
is Jikisfs kROwn »» fall lesith^r b Irs. •?!««. 

fcioh»el»o« t«9tll'l#1 timt h« h*-! n© llssp l»«th«r bind- 
ing irith hiE. «h«ti ii* eali^^ «a A«r«nl«.t, but il<i hHV^ • p*.t«b»«rd 
bstok cov«r«4 with l«atJi«r blading, whloh w«k. knowr* 4a the tr^« •• 
r«li X««th«r bin^5l»^. Ih^ •^cr.t.ry of i-n.. pl^intirt t*,tin.d that 
till* co«i>««y did n«t p0««««« oor f«rni«h to *aoh»«l.oii any .«mpl*« 

l.athoT bin ling ov«y a pa«t«boftrd Jfek «et ^«"/*'""' ^ 1^, ^j^.j.*- 
oontraet calling for iulJ l«»ntber blB^ting. .n. Jul.7a»nt 10 tn«r, 

fore iifflra«4. AWIWfflD. 

XatttbiKtt ar.a JehEwtott, ^^^. . eoKCW. 



•3f«4»^> 






•jtv 



«.'- 



5l«if>j'i/J It:: 



. tjr i;ijt ill 






T*ip. .(9^. 






i? 



328 - 51460 






▼«. 



i 



A^y^Aa. mm iiUftiapAL Qomt 






A»T»«ll*e». ) 



44I.A. 624 



for aa acats^efeil* p>areh%«#d frs^ Ux^ >*««!£ i^otor S«de« CesiiiJiay. 

««lt stfid Mi^fi triJil >?7 n, .1m»y a ¥»ir<Jiiei w&s return <3 l*cr 4«fe«;i- 
sat« s&A ini-s^imt of ail ^j^lfii *filIo.ired, froe 's?hlcb. plaintiff 
t#fiaals. 

fb» aefendant elsiaiefi tiiat lis ^jotfc^t t>n9 ear «¥i»b 
%h« e<*«diUeii th«t if It fll^ aofe :pru*e s^tisfaetnry It coul*? be 
r«t\>ra9d, an'* tt^at It ^114 n®t »r©v« eatlsf fsetery siid wft» return^a. 

©f ijfcy* Bd «8 t© <!«tey?:iEe lie eoEsdifel©!*; tkat; h«8 'w^a ailTlMM that 
tt Taa Rot n«e«iieaic7 to 4s so* ^s tlie Peak ijQKp.«w}y •t^)©i baek of 
eY«ry «sl« it »aid«; that Jejrce r«Qae»t*»4 a fiuarauaty oi' tV:* car 
Vttt »a* a(iTts«d ta.s».«, ne caararty ^'fts nee»8»&ry b««Aue« tli« PtnUlK^ 
Coxpasj vetiXdi hnek «p its s&lce, i*r.:i if tr;e oar wft« oot ia goo4 
edodltioii J«ye« eewid r#tur& It; timt CToyee eall«<! th« sitt*«tl<M» 
of tii« Baa.«8&s»^ to th« oiatcit @&4 "wan lBiorttie<l th*t that w»« tl»« 
aatur* ef the «Xat^ in tMt type of tseir h« wa« buying, a Bert, 
9»4 th«t ttteh eXiitoh T»as peculiar U: tue l>ort ew and that &• 
•eoa at ^oyee got th« Jmac^ of rma-lne^ a a^rt h« would feav« so 



\< 



,\a»4ir.^3t. 



-A 









o&»jz - ate 



■.;^ 



trouble with It, Tipojfi tih»»e r«t>re8«j ti^lioris tUe not*? waa «x*- 
eut*?4 fey Joyce, gt»ar»i5t««4 fey -^rs. Lelsluski, and dielivered to th« 
P9mk Coatpany 9B<^ th« c»r deli^isred to J^yee. 

WhftTi th!% s»r Mad g©»e afcout a "bloes asd a liJEtif It 

»t©s»«4 *»«! It "•»» jssees^ar^' to to* It to I*jye«*B h©js«. ise 
«all»4. u^ ih« Peak Cespssisj, #3!^l»i*j«4 th# eltuation^ aej? vas told 

»«e>ittr.le ^14 n@t «ois« fsr s^¥«ral ^^aye, ^iit f lit- ally arri-ra^ »nd 
tri?* te start th« caor, Vat fall«'4. Ta^ c^r «h8 toir«d to th« 
Peak Cr^ispaay, wn«?F« It h^Mi r»mstiagd sTsar Siir>Qe. i\ft*r th« fl«- 
fen-Sact r «!c*»W«d t&# car It ^m» fmmA that, t^if- oiuteh ^a« 'fer^kAO 
an4 tk*^r« ^as & kjriock tti t!i« isot©r, fii# "brakes ■»#£•« t»or», tJi« 
g««r »&ift ie«k«d, »4«4 tiser® e«ai4 tm &q shifting of geare with- 
out Btoppiag tins car. Ail tkis w%« r«fp©rt«4 t© tl-t* j?«ak Eotor 
Co^apsiay. 

trtm this i»k4 other «vl4ieijae %he jury coul4 properly 
eoBcXtt<4« tk*t th© •*!# was s«4e ©c eonlition tiiat the oar could 
%e r«tamed ll It w»» set aatisr^etory, anil tkiat Joye« had re loeis- 
al>le greunde for beiag itts^&tisfled ^Ita it a»d returried it. The 
ie«s4itiea sfkon ^hieU th« car «fii« sol^ having f»ll«*!» the ooneifter*- 
ifeiefi fer the not* alsse f%ll#i., m4 tits ^wry prQp»»Tly J'ev«a^T tfe«.t 
loyc» was liot llafelfi, 

!?h«r« »«,« alsc avi ^©nes froas i^hleh the jury cowH 
TP»tJ|»eriy cnucltt^e th&t HsS'lley, the t>l?iintl ff, 41^ not r«celTe the 
»ot« ttntil art#r «efi»»4sr.t l»*a notified him th»t th* e«r had %e«a 
return -s^-^ tc the Peak Company, aja;! tii*t there wae so ceiaslderatlea 
for the note; tut in any «v«i;t, *8 the not* wae secure;? "by • 
cha-ttel aorttftii:^, ^aieh f=*ot appeared on it« fs.oe, a purchTs»«r 
f«r weltt* before amturity i« «et a holder ic dti* uouree, and a«^ 
ft note k» ettbie^et to a«y defensea existing between the 9fty*« a«^ 
the payer. Ooek v. Aaauetue . 201 111. App. 195; i£8tiia_2x-li' 
I>earl?<TK Cartajge COg^ , 207 Hi, Ai>p. 331. 






If •• • •> « ■ 

ham >ftv - _ . 

4MI9 »»t»?' 






I'lalatifl' &»serts Ui^t, sve« if the ariijiEai fit«jK«r 
•w^ot ba h«ld on 'the sots, th® gaswayst^x say Is*? hel4, but the 
ds.s«s oiied lis stipport ®i" tkta tiy^^i^^aitlaife ar^ j*»t la paix^t* 
th« rui« is to th# ceRtrsrsr. faUwrc ol* cansid^rnii^s of t«t 
^rlfioipal coBtrsuet Is & go@4 .^er^ase aii beisaif oi' t^e gaarauitoi-. 
SO Cyc, p. 141S; Fatea v. ^%m^%. ?i ill, 431 j aarte y. ^0*^*^, 
1^ 111. Asp, SIS, arriri£«Kl ia 14» 111, §St. 

We earns©* ga^ tfeat the TtSTdiet ef the Jury i© aar.i- 
fsntly ags.iR«rt th* «^ii|ht «f the 8*i?^«?nce, Jt f&lXm^» therefor* 



%«Ma tA- 






«v'-v- ^^ 



•li^e^a 



■'isnJN? 



5iCi 



>^9if»?*M 



546 - 3147S 






ir». 



) 






Sit. msmsma ^istics MemmM.T 



■wlileli 4ef«fi>«sffit fil«>4 pi gas. Tlt« cass eagiie eis, fojr triai la 
T^cmJh^T, 1914, feut 4sfe»itsarit was jao* ^rsaeist an^i tii« eourt 
tB«trtACt#4 th« Jury ts fln3 m Yer4ict is iTiiTor ©f pl^Btlff 

fer iS3SO, sysil jlude^sent was auti^rg*^ an the "»«rdlet. SeJor* 

tM« isetioi* tils'*©? »i*irie«rt«Kt for n. ymn,r ^m-* a half gs»4 th«o 
4«;1#-^ It. 'D«sf«»«^«»it a^^^^^ig. 

?h« aoilen l« irae^t© "ViiJi gajsport^d fey &ff i-iavlt« 
whieh flh©w9il that ^.mftn^^Mt was n©t ^r<*!s«sRt wh«n the c/an© wa» 
«*lle4 f&r trial for th.^ T'^s,t!<iti t&at it »»« ei8l«d by sn •»- 
iiotjB9«B«aat in tlfee I^aw Bulletin, witnotit raeitiuR the eircun* 
ct'i£e«fl in 4«t»il, we str«? of th« ©piniors that ta* &ri'ii3a-<rlt« 
«?id-«eA » s^riterioua 4&tm^»^ so-id &i»o «»« ftx«3afi?»"fc'l« ai8tttJt« on 
th« i>«rt of the d«f mda.nt, ^Meh <Bxpiaia«tl its ab»«i©« «!»«» 
Uio oft»« was called for trial, in tii# «x«ret«e ©f »ou«<t 'it »- 
«r«tiott, iho tri«a ootirt aiioulcli nsire allowed the isioticn to 
▼ae&t« the ▼•irlict aRd »et asl^a the judtpriMit. 

Boferi^ast, toL©*'«nr«r, «itr«09<j8 the p int that th« 
declaration is fatalHy (3«f#etivo (»ri1 tiat tiile »*y be asserted 
«t Msy tl»e. 



smiles' 



««MFd" 



.» - f :■• S: *";: I 



|»f JkT>: » ftJMC 



t4«k5- 



.l!i-«i-a«-4-. 



'■re 4? a* 



^»^t»^ 



»v|J§-6l»f 



vjrii%0iX9«ft 



ni^ll g«rrla«, n.» A relief iRvsesttgfetor, InY^stlgHtiBjr peer ^«oi}l« 

mfplytn^ f9T h«I?». It la s^t?****' thAt the »tjEil»->r of tr,«»* lrsT«»stl- 
gatex's vairiftf! with the »«»snnB; in tae sossgisr only ten er *««!▼« 
«r« r#talK*<1 aii<i In th<? winter t&e fiosa'feer r«j»« tat hi^n &« J'orty. 
Vh^m th« w&ns tr-eatkor JvrriveB, t's©E«* jiot n*ied«d lira i-aid eff fey 
tli« siYil »erTle© cot ;-:.ls'si©B» :^^vi -rh^n tb* cold WiSrither ooe^es th.«y 
ar« pi*t. b«@k •& duty. ^laiBtiff lis4 fe««B oxi*' ©r th««« ircir«stiga-> 
tor* t»v s^ut t«« year«, darliig which U»« h« wa« laid ©ff itt 
tb« ft«js&er. In 1915 h« «»©®a«ffie«d tsiis salt for ^7,0-: c-^-^him^ h« 
el»i»» tlioulvl hiiv« ^e«e paid t@ hli>a during i^.^ pf-Tl&in hM vas laidl 
off, *i%e ^«cla^r%tio& <1«r5« uoi %llgg« t&at, 0*^iara 5»f^rfojm#^ aay 
««rvie«« fer ih« Ooursty during tk@ ti^e b?» wa» X^iA ^rt, 

X division of thl» e#itrt li^"^ ©ecaaion to crir.ei'^^r a- 
•Imilar et*ae iK afiX- i^ii. r, ,,,,C<;uflt!y #f yQ^fe. ?51 lil, A9v, 5©?, In 
irhieJa ^ery tlioreac^t coEftl-^erati^n of th« isoints i^r^n^jntfl-d was 
IciTms, It i^as th*r#s HrI^ tiist, 'i^hers th<» eivli aerploe si5i>ley«i« 
»»■ l^H efr &«d all HTiOtieys ^^toPJ'lated for the poeiddtt had beiwi 
pAi4 ts ather ft^pelBteet 4urlr.^ Ift© «^nt.ire ^eri©?!, th© »;5pley«« is 
not ©R'vltle4 t© r*cov«3r any pertien ©f hie elaia, th«« j,»E«rBil ral« 
¥ttiJBg fe>i%t. If %ix9 pnynenl of emlJiry or ^zh^r Qompen^^tias "by the 
g«TttraB«at 1© unAm in geo?! I'ssitlt to as officer J« fii^tft irhil* fa« 
i« still in nessesalen ©f tA* f^rfice, the goverwafrct oanisot *• 
coiap<9ll«»4 t« pay a ii«eoad tliae to i.h» ©fflc»r d« juri£ . 'i"*!!* i« 
•tinport«4 by a lari;« ntjEiteer of <!«ei4«d ca«««. 

Th* Instant d«clarati©B »iiega« that th« defacdant 
'pal'l to et>i*r« the aal^ry spi5yoiprt«t<»i for the uoeltioB, li'Wica t>»r 
tfa« r«»«tm« st«t«^ Ir? <»t >l!it»n y. veunt.Y of voo^. .B^39ra« irtileh tr« 
fellow, plalBtiff oa: r^ot raeo^«?r, 

ABetn^r fatal objfeotioti to plaintifJ'o 'j?Bl»ratlo» 



•#^ f «;« 



'Xi 



%iii ifei- . . 'ta 






•4 ^' 



SOCSj 



«i«li« 



i« t&afe it da«» si0t a:5??-*a3? thiit .^ter ii« a^ ^eeft 14^1 off hft sj- 
fer«<^ te r«ji't«r auy serriee® or s&adc aiiy attempt Ijy utatidaiaa* er 
Other tlir^et action ts d«tftr.:;J©ft th# question •wtietiier or not 

111. Atsp. :^S7; K<5 a a yen t , ^ . ff . J M* ISS *li-. M^P* S?7; Cltv v , ^%t^a»'4i,t . 
191 111. 516; G6X-f.eri ▼., Ce :^f itf ..« f .. C f C^ . g>»giri p^. 

.?l%tntiff'8 att«»rr44ftj- dSoss not sjaiRsay this, Ijut 
»r|Eu«e that, s€ tfe# €«el«>raitiorj laclaie?! tk© cos»«©b ®®i)«it«» en# 
gae:l eotff.t- i« s:,-j'i"let*nt to am^talK tii« Y^yiist, Xh* atffld&vtt of 
elftiai attacn«d to f>l*i»tirf ♦» ^l^t^iarstiea i^ I'or salary sippr©- 
]^l^t€d s&fl -^ue iresi thg d®X«s1arst. Tiai* sffirlsvlt eXis>i&r«tes tr^e 
• W« »oa M>imt«, feeea^s»« « ¥«?rtris?4 stat««8i«nt a.f pl-alattff*8 clal^.. 
am«t state mil Uie faets B?s#sf^aT^ to Buppayt plaiatiiT** aotiea 
•ad plsdatiff is llslt^d tn tils ysrcof &nd r««ov«ry t© si« facts 
•«t at in his afflrla-vtt ^sf c.lnis, li*illJLJjuJsgj3«lX» -^^ ^^Ll. 
Kffi^, 413; CoMard Tool C ©^,^v^..CrQ ^^I£l.» etri ^B|^ |M^.^ 219 ill. 

J^9» 34; KgLna» ,v^, ,"^^Vil« ^^a III. A®^, Sl^ . 

Plaintiff s^^XA^n tHat |jl«*il*ig to tli« R.^rifee ia s 
wativ^r to 4«^umrr*l}l« ^©fset^, cltiBg F l ttabiarg % _ ,f,*- .,9: .^, ,^t . ,,.1 . 
S3. -wQ., r. J-.Qbasn . ?04 111. t^^4. ?Jji* case, tis^-ever, 'i.!?elf^»ii that 
l»l«ajfling: to th« K«rits 1» s ^n.lvf'r -.Oiless the ?S»olarRti6ri i» so 
<l«reetiT« thiiit it will a©t «tt»taiR feli# Ji»«i5a«yc;t. It bas be«R 
rei9#s.ted^iy heli tteJit th<» fset that ra> declaration lo^s not state » 
•ftuee ef aetlsa is n©t ws-ived fey filing: a 0!^* oi the g<m«rAi iB- 
•«MI, %»'! the j^iBt isfiy fe* rstiee^ fer tJi* i Irst ti»« ob to??**!, 
C. R. I. & 1% Ey. v 6. V. gevial^. 21? ill. 164; Uills^m 7. C^lca.£C 
ays. C».. 26d ill. 30&. 

Fl?*l«itiff •» deei!iratio» *ill net support t>iiis verdict, 
•nl^ is r<sTejr8tt(i an«l iudi^ss*! t. of nX^ cataia>t etitsred in ttiia eovrt. 

ll=s,tchett ssnd Johjaston, J J, , eou«ur. 



•Sfr ?", 



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33 



•i,„«5j|;^li«^.-. 



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M9 - 51 SGI 






ef emomo. 



244 I.A. 624^ 






t«r«iA t*t#» a 4ir««t*dl v«riilet f#r ti*3^.if, u^^a trial of nt salt 
for lls« e@ll«etldfi £»'r % sii#t^. 

i^riX it, ltS4, ieftte^^it ^.»ir« filatetlff |Ki«M) 

in that eity, mS mXm «ir«*eter ©f slsintifr c^rr^eratieR, ar*ws«B 
into %» f^iiewBj 

pmm% gas- 753 

a. Spiaae«r ahlss-jrls^ 1st Vie* 
<7»1*« itswjfi'aiJMi* 5lB«! Vle»» 



lilr«8tor« 

h, coicjwat^r 
6. A« killer 
JoattttA it* ^«rlcs 

Artnur irl«£ht, Attem^jr 



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Morrip Cons 

A»rll 1$ 1924 

aoia^altS t |l,Sv:A.'.t-0) <5.»e its reua? (4) taoiitlie' tim«, as !u< 
optioc to |>armi£i»c» the iiertuwest g^^r»ey ©f *'ll'to»3rtth sad 
l^«la titreftt » tatty (M) fo^i^t fr^^i^t *©y «jb« ha»rfr«d i^«r.ty- 
flir« (125) foot i« <iet!ta, EJ5jre er isse, tMe la^tloB to 
15« fer a 9erit.fl ^J* mie iiiwirlrft^ m.4 treaty {ISt.) day«« 

». 2. la^ha«l, l»r««id©Kt fif th* Cerstrttl & Pacific Ik. 
ffevm^it C0xi?er»tio£« 

6«ntral jis-i P*elfic ta^ycsreaisnt Corp, 

C, S#7 t':ef:>.?»n, Secy, 

vllklft t"T^« 6B« htas-fret t*«sKty 4«y ii&lt, ajs^-* this? suit foilewM 
ie ec21««t th« laeeimt of tlis Bets. 

B«f«sdft£it ai«5<irtR %usk% th® pi-o.iert^' is Ina^flz'^ite h»«i 
«9e«rt&ia ija that tii« optl^ei ?»^ee%imt ^«tt rtet smev in vii&t city 
KBd et%te it i» l*cat«3, She B>*ferti0« w«re K«uoti»ttng 2sr property 
1a I^s iMag«l»8, iJalifoxtsistj -a':, ^ the sfitiQc «fts eij^^d t^«r« la 
plftleti fr*» effie*. fli«i ife8trt^ii«ait as its f»«« reJ>rs te sropcrty 
la J*©« i^Bgelss, a«lif9rni&« mi^i anjsa* ruAding it sf^uld so und*r* 
•tan#. ^e ici&X.s th&t th« aeseriptifia df $Jbt» pr&p»r%y Is •affieiaAtly 
d«ficitc. 

AMMg tk« eae»« tailing to «WT>v»ert otir ci/jcluaioB *r«: 
Ttll»"t»rr»r^. goyar . n'f tn . M2; ^obor 'g. A'llr r. 311 111. M?; 
Hayi y. r»lrlgti. 14t 111. 4< 5; aTsaa V. Gorry . 174 III. SPS. 

It t«! ffai-* that tho K-esjsraa^Jtiw lo^e not aatiefy tho 
•i«tvte of IV«u<?«, lB«lng ifi^efinlt* axid taac«rt*i« %n to tlio vrorjorty, 
l»lal»tirf i^rai^erly sa^s th,*t this <s©«itratet BtaiS* in Csaifomi* nttiot 
fee ^9irtrBo4 fcy ihn St«itut$ of J^riiiu.!«a, if an/, of that state a»>1 
th»t so rueh statute ia aitUer plmmied or prov«D. ^von t«stod by 



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CoiiBwia V. Brtllltar_t. 17 111. 3S4; JUjiHKSSJ^jL-SJXSS. ^^^ 211. 
^*^i ^fiitlilLjjuJSl^* ^^^ ^3.1« SSli M3S^fy_VjJ)^_ror^, 65 111. 
l^^J Sraa^ y y. 3cryy . 3.'?4 111, ^5, 

The thgf^m^mtt imM Me-Hk^; «« tb.« ©iaintiff. It **« 
•IgtJt^ "fey lt« pr«Bii*t*st ««ijl ^tei'-stJrt^. l*X&iT}til'f vmn tlii! ©«»«*• »f 
tho .fr«p«fty afi4 ^^© Ije a, f^«sitl98 t« •es'^e^ &fe.*» s:im« at awy tlm« 
apo» ih« iMfcjwMtrtt ei* ta® ]^ur©*m«i« g»yi^«. It Is nut .n»e»«sary t« th« 

vllX »8^« »««h a ^©Jit3r*i8t blxifsirtg, 

mi ©ptien tt!^«R tii# §%k#r, las Ik regality a §ion.1iti)snal sigr««sa«!»t; 
«»K<? up9& th« has^persiBg ©f tke so-s-'?iiifsfi, th-ai i» to «a.y, wliwa 

»«artl«« '^^eiame !a«tnal. (P©?s«-*fty e« aestr^ete, «ec, 16f.)* 
Oftyor ». ^s.rr^. IfB 111, atS, 

The ieoBtr»et was mx«eu%^4 by tk© iijr««i<l.«Bt an'^ se<are« 
l.^'i .>. ;?tagjfc .C^^. . S3t F«^. 69^, it w-as hftl-l %h.u.% the- »sQtl«jQ pf tli« 
tract to be is trritlsg, -is^'s i*et s^f?*!^ t© tii*! «xeeut.iv« afi*ic;«r» •f 

By S9«. asio $f th^ a«ilf©rRi» Coi« It 1b h«X4 tti*t 
rmtiflQaiidn ««& ^« i»s4# ^ a t«rporati«^ by aec^^ting er r^taifiinc 
th9 t>«fflefit oi' th« *et, i*ls*iBl.iJ*«' r«««iv»4 wjvi k«pt U»« ^lOuO «ftd 
th«r E©t« is ctue»tlo», let r?<»sst>ti» Buildlafc Aa&gc. y. Ouadiwio.. 198 
111, 222, It i$«s £i«i4 ih&t l&y «ec«i?tln^ tk*^ oai^ d«!Jo»lt« th« 
ls«ill^»lng ftssootfitLoB yfttili**! U»« *©iio» of it» offi3«r«. 

Soai« peiKt i« Att«^£}»t«d "b*eau«e ti*« fi»ai« tf *•• 
6f«us<«i£ is »lgs<id t@ th« ©ptl®E eortr«.et, V«t w» -^e »"©t ••» th«t 



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ILIiia WC'^^ hiKve mi is&i^ortsnt ^msxin^ tm^ tray or Ktiotiii^r. It eer* 
tai&X^ weali not iB^FaltfJats? tsf a^rsts&sot, 

file s©i# 5reifiii«a i'er tiie ^nys^Bt of dlK;0 «l*ii in- 
t«r««t ■'-r.-i ten f>ss ceat of tht i^rls^iaai as at^-;ri-.riys' r«i<6e, Th# 
tmo^sit or th« |a;4,<«ftR.t 4«i>s« aet »«®» to fee »«ri4$ii@ljr ^u#&tios«t4. 

Th® 0'fei«^etl«Be to th# vall-lity of tfi# ©ptioi^ c-@ntrtt«t 
»r» »»t smfesttBtliUL,, ?3r>d ■«^?>» th« sit Idoseft tr.'s trl«X aeurt wa« 
|«»tSfi#^ is isetrtnetiBfj: t^« 5"as"y »Q i'ltid f©r- the piaitttlff. 



M«tehett «b4 ?s)m»t?jjs, JJ,, eo»«tir. 



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397 • 3iS19 





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mmt 




1 


OW CHICaSO. 





244 "-A. 624^ 



Xe»see for refit ttta4«r a, «fiii#B l©»»»e, A Sury ^rsve hljsi «i v«rdlct 

the l«a«a «j»s for a. t^r^ ho^iB^inta itia^- 1, isat', smA 
•n^ieg April 30, i92S, at |iw%/ » i»ii'tii, ;5sl*«n4aat occuplsd ta# 

this »«it ts f«sr rsfttflii f»r tk« fealssaee of thn term, 

S«f»R4aRt 0lai»« ta&t fey Si 8«p?ir9t«! doc^itfawiit jjl&itttlJ*f 
•gr««t t« r«9»ir th«* ^at<¥r ni^es, gtjus i»l|t«f«, door* ?ia4 w1b4- *• 
wh«T€!fV©r B^ch rm>AiT9 ajre si#«><lft-.!, ='tB'^ ^>:i<? t'*«t.lfi'i*>B|r was coBc#rfi«4 
»lth th* fa«t «r t>t«s«« rsse^sdrs, th?? ^etfm-^^imt a»»ffrtijs.v: that t'lie 
j»l»lRtlff had net jaa4« tii«» s*'! th« i^lfitssitiri" latro'1»eia« t^etlisony 
t#fi^!»fi to mhev that h<s h*d e^mplit^i »itli his ttB<l«rtiuclBg in thi« 
r«ft?eet. 1fe«r« wa» aea&e eofelliat in th«f *vl-lene«, l^ut «•« »r« mit 
I»r»?«r«s4 t« mmf tliat tlas eon©lusia>» •»' "^« i«ry ^^^ plsifitlff hft4 
aa4« tli« r*pitlr» whiA k« hmA murn^ to aak* 1» js»«i4ie«tl.y *g^ii»t 

te« i»ir««i»«» »«1 m ft«c»»tii»c« «a«y«®f fey tti* Isaa^ora, tM« alw 
»»• a qa*«tl©a of tn^t for th« Jtftjf to ?i«t»r»sii»«, ^'^ *• «aB**t -oitf 
tli*% tlio ▼#r«let iK fchlft 3re«j»««t -*• a«t ;}u»tin*4. 

It is »ftalse«d (Ml «yFox <^j**t tk« ooari l«e:»psf«ny 



■Tilmvsr 



»tKn»iti> . 






r«T . ;■ ' ■>» - 



tl.'SIC • *5« 






r«strict«4i def^ts^Jiust *» crcas-ex's^lRatioK «ftth reference to %h9 
tiilrtercth |>rBYi6ioK oi t.i* l«ase. l^is was & provision tfc&t, la 
th« eir«Bt tile builtUEfc wa« 0oiide&«ed >jy the «lty, th« landlord 
veuld net ^s 9u^J«gt@d to ;AKy -ascua^og to t,i\e tau.int. as ther« Is 
BO «vi.'!cr:e-e taat th« j»re;<:-is®8 K?@rs eoB-.j!e:toed, ts? ^o not think the 
question rei&tlji,^ £© tiits provlsioii ^&s itaportJiiit, 

The Te-rdict ^a» usaed upois tiie reistal of liOO a i^ontli 
for t*el^# ^OBtas, rf«f«iKd9kRt wms eatitl^d to e«rtaiji ere4lt». 
fh« l«&se gho-wsi thiit th© .1$fi«fi'ls«it 2i!%«ie a, -dl«po«slt -^ith his lar.d- 
loT'^ of IS&O far the parn-ons^ sJ' ■feeing' ^nlied •'by th# •^arty of 
the first pairt (the Irir^Uorf!) apon aisy f!a»si*i^ su^t'^ined* by him fcy 
r«a<»on of *r5y «l«fa«lt of th^ tec^rst. H-ier® is no fvllenee of ariy 
da!&»g«s except the rer>tai, Tlie vltir^ sskould iii».ve giv«n 4ef •?>ri'iant 
«re4it for thie asssu^tt. 

Thitrn is hIso in svi'}6r:cs that pla,iiitiff xl'ti.;r d^faiH- 
ft&t nracatsd tA^ ur^^ilseet i«5i?J«d a portion of ■siin:} for ^20 & asonth, 
«Bd dejr«»dafit*» atton^^y asserts txa^x he is ^rriiitic??! to h credit of 
|240. Plaintiff 'g coiinseX does nst CGrstroV'jTt thie. 

thm Y«rd.lct if* tr.erefor« too liirge fey 174: , Xf plain- 
tiff will fil« a rei^ttitur of |74C i» tiiis court >iti.iji tan flaye 
froK th<? f!at«? of the filing of tiii« otjinion, th« juij/Bient vlll be 
%ffl rased for |4^; otli^rwli^.e t;.« 4u-?,,Tser.t ^iil be reversed and th« 

oause r«3i«in'Sed» 

AFFI PiSSB TJPOJS H^felTflToa 0? |74C; 

l^.i&tch«tt %n<*x Joimntcn, *-^. , ccnour. 



;ja«T»*l*' 



b»i9i%inm'i 



»i%-^^ 



itimn. 



■.&aXhijs:Zii iSl: 



:rxffiy 






id* 



ki 



rh'Uf- 



<»9 



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;so5Rstr 



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19 • S0657 

D«f •»««»( in isrror, ) mmm TO sopkrior court, 

"»♦ I COOK camn* 

■^ 4 4 loA. o2 5 

Ml* JUStlCS JOHIKJtOE IMLXyW^m THE OPIITI,®! OF f^ COUFtT# 

thle is & writ of error |»rQs«GUted l^y VaalXios aiosoii* 

tlw iefeadaai, from a 4u<^®>Mt>^^ in tim iuperler court of Cook 

oouatyt in f^vor of a«org« Olosos* th« plaintiff* n Appeal in 

this oaoe also vne proooevitod to this eourt 1»y the dQfeaelsmt* 

IB the appeal* i^o* 27934 not reported izt full (230 111. \ppt 

647 }» «e revoraed the Jjudgawat smd rsaandael th« ostitae* 'Cfter 

a oarefttl review of th« evldeaoo we held in an opinion virittioii 

hy Mr* Juetiee Mo'urely, th t the OTleenoe eheweei ooztfiatiingly 

that the olain of the plalatlf f had h«ea oo)npre»ie«d cuid settled 

hy a vritton atlpul&&ion» whieh wae filed in a former @.otl<m 

he^.treea the p^irties in the Muniolpal oourt of the ^ity of 

chiOAgo* The written etipulation was iatrodttoed ia erideneo 

in the oaes t hsir and ehowad that the plsilatiff hnd xigaed it 

hy hia iffi&rk* The etipulmtioa ie aa followei 

-^tate of Illinois ) 
County of Cook ) as 

In the municipal Court of Ghieago* 

(leorgo dleaoa ) 

VB. ) So* 212, 7gft. 

VaailiOB (21esos ) 

STIFUI^VflCai. 

A* It is hereby stipulated aaci agreed by and 
betveeh the p?*r tiess iwrewO thnt the eboye entitled 






Pi: ■ , . ■; 






•8* 



eause be %nd tH« mo^mm ig hereby (tiani9»«d: without 

oo»ts, all aatfcors in eoat roveruy b«tw«<m the 
p«urti«B to oaici cstU8«s >vKjriai(:i: this <lay b«e» Jfully 
compr9Wle«<il %nd md^M^tmi hy th« tt.'t:*} caution and 
<SellT«ry l»y mtii 4ni«i&md>mt m m>M plaintiff of hi0» 
Maid <i«f««daat»« promlsaojry not© for one thoussfsjnd 
doXl&rs* p».y&hle five ya^r® iafttr «ifttet with InUrtsKt 
*t oix per cent jp«r ?wiwiiua, payslaie »eml -annua liy both 
pxinttips^l and latftrisftt secwr«d Ijy deed of truet on 
roal e»tAt«> in Cook Caantjr» Illinois • 



dooirgo X §lt»o@ 
Marie 

i^lalntiff 
VAoiliue 01«%08» 

I'®fen4aat* 

st«<3a»».n ancl :.oeiJceg t&orneyo for i'Xalntiff , 
Melnomoy & *''o»«r», -.tr^os-nejis foi- b<af9atm.nl •* 

on th« jgrtoont trial t^e ,j?l»i«tif,f t««tlf l«tJ tliat ho 

iid not aasiJce hlo imrlc; that He kno'^s how to WTit<»$ that ho did 

not know tho eontento of the stlpulaitlon nx^. that th*? i(itlpuXa.tlen 

w»H noTor r«^ oir oxpl^lnod to him* 

The ovldoaoo on t&ie writ, of error Isi Buh$$ti».ntlally 

the 8»m« %st en tho foriuir .m|ii|>oalii with tho oxoeption thmt nn 

testified 
ndditional witn«8« in tho pr^e^at oaao^on h«)half of tho def«nd« 

•At in regard to the aomproiaie^ nnd ssbtlocsont of tho atetion 

in the li^mieip«l oourt* Xho eiddition!ie,X uritnoee* John ?• Fo«or» 

WAS tho tiittornoy for th£ defendant in th« action in th« iiunleipttl 

Court* ?Q«er toatifierd th^t ' M^ »a^ tJauB plaintiff aajce hia 

ttork on the otipuXatlonf rm4. th^^u h« tXao o«w the defendant sign 

tho otipuXatioa* 

> soo no roifi^son to change our opinion cxpreaeod (m 

tho nppoftX* Ob tho contrary the additioimX tet»tlao«y of ii'owoi' 

strongtheno onr concXuBion that th« cIaIib of tho plaintiff wao 

eoKpremlood imd oottXed in the forwir notion in the iJunioipaX 

Court . 

i'or tho reaaona stated tho Judgaont io rovorood and tho 
oanao reaandod* „ 

• wmama* aid Rjau»i»-;:». 

*osuroly, P, J,, and iiatohott» j., ooncur» 



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Hi. 'iJ 



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• •••A 

* ■• ^ .if)-' »S%t.i^'^ 

X«^i«j:0iiii (KCt al iioJl<rjMi <«MBi«t mi$ ni stiffs btt^ >£>«jUi««Qn»o 



) nmoH to awiHXoK count 
▼•♦ ) 

.i.i««rr i. .„«r. j 2 4 4 I.A. 625 

1^, jmivM mmmm mi.trwmM fm Qpmim of tm <m>mf, 

&r,«j of t^"' <1[«f9Sl«r,t«g, t® rafter a «Soisy«#! e«»»ff.wdiag t;>i» A.aat«r'» 
■fey tfe« e©a8f»lRl»«t fij^nlr<r.t y^^^ asjjlejsgw Tltl# f^d trast. rcimipsiiy, aul» 

"b#t*««>in t.>«<i ^ftr^ll ial.i8«K»'^ mtA Biiityats;^ Ir* wH.le>!!, according to th« 
a"»«Krsa«aflt« of th« eessplate^t, Baftyat^a agjre^s^S %« g,ir« so the o(»»* 
plrtitjssjftt all »f hl» ]^r«3p<8irty» #4yier at %h« ti.»«» «a' h4«? -"mttth ©r 

£l|tlGk&t ar« (2.) that "tk«i» ^latiw e.t' tht 6osi|U'»i.iaaiit 1» )»ttrr«»<! t»|iaiii«t 
ltST«niori«4 »ss«t« Itsjr Tlftue o2* intr rall«jf« to file *i«r bill until 
Mi«r« then o»*? ytur fcl'ter tk« gtmxt «f l»tt«r» •!• «4«lfcl«trfitl©Bj'* 
ub4 (S) tkfit *%te# (imliter'et ©f tli« «kil«6«d. oofttrRCt h»» Boi fm 
'9?&^«<? *lt^ thfit cert^&leitjr re«!idr«fl In wrteoa of Utlm u.ftr«»6t«r. • 

?h«jr« in v«*iT iiiitl* flis^ut« ae tc th# «ftt*ria fiet». 

AM otttllRt cf thtt evi4tiR«« l6. In »ti^»ti!>iie«, th»t tk« 
«««^t!slnftj3t la s natoTftl 4rmfh%mr of ffttyat*, *»<< ▼»• ^Jorn la 
A««trla-K«ngs»ry «» B«ptf»l>«» J?S, 1»94{ th».t *t fJiff tl»« •f b«» »>lttli 
Ifaty»t» vs« « oltl»#r «f 4attyl«ft»sl»fteri»»TS ^«*^ <***• T*"* aft«3r tt«r 



3a:i} 



1)1 rth Bftijfita emm to tht l?»its4 3t»%««, lo«>atiKl in tH» felty of 

An»iTii»^itmgs^xy wtth insr sr»nsi®»t;>i«rt %h^t in tii« ear^y pmrt of 
-«*« yftssr iSl^ Biatytta ■wmt tet« feuete^ea with 4 km, A^mA «■«»»•, 
who t««tin»^ in %h^ 0)*8* uR4»jr thm la-sme of ixm* Eynes; th»t iiho 

««• ssxiouA for t^« er©jsipi%i*i.»*»ts, ^h© w%o 17 y^^^ris of 5i««j to <;««« 

to Chieoto «aB4 liT« with f4,m{ timi ^t first »ii« x-«fvi»«4 te «o«io; 

iysi»t h^ «rot9 to ^«ir Mftking Itex- to eeKi«!, an4 ield lior that ho »m 

Sol»£ to l««T« *i»r ail of hit pr9|>«rty stftai* hi» demth; that lio 

oont hojr a »t«fti^shi¥» tl^JMrl Wt^ mtn^f t9 cever h«r «»xp<»i«o»ir that 

»l^o «iu^o to w]^loa^ i%»4 Ilir®<!i r<$r ti tim^ witl^ Baty«tt»{ that oho 

loft Baty»tiii*« h®i»« ^sr4 w^Tk%^ a« a. Muiii oonrwRt, girimg. aa hor 

r#a*oR. for lamHm^ tiiat M«3P fati*«r*« liotioo^tew^for wa« vmvr »««» ta 

hoirj that «M1» »h.« ufao mm^&7^^-^ *•» » mat'* aerrjiist Batyota viatt«4 

hoy, a»^ th,#lf rolatloBO woro ®1 *iatMit 1 tft^t o«» JK'o^«K.fe«.y IS, l«i^» 

Batyeta w«o adjaij^iio^ ia«%»#, «yte4 %nski «» n*&mhmr 3, 191$, ho ^Jlotl; 

that in tho »arXy ^^rt of ^OYois^il^or, 1^3.9, lioforo )3>« ^raa a<$Jittd«to4 

inoa»«, ha ooasiilto^ mn «twn»«y in r<igar4 to hi«f af r^ro; that ho 

toX--t tho att^rti^y %h»t h^ wiu) livi^^ •vilk a weman to t^on ho vaa 

sot »«,rrto«; that i^-ittyot* »9*i.«4 tho attoamoy t© prttytar© a will for 

hl» bO(m«at=iift»r hl» |»rai»«rty %© thiiS »#tea», h»it aft«irw»rdo dool4«a 

»ot to Ba^t a wtilj that on ifaovamTser 3, 1?H9, tho attenioy woBt to 

•00 Batyota, wim «®» t&«f' ixi « hospital, wiiid that Batyota n^A to 

tlui attovewy, ♦X wtm% thio i»r®p«yty wo owa to««tiioy to go to ^r; 

Xafflma, «b»! yoti ^raw ttp »«»« ki»t5 of a s-ai'*? •« t**** ^ **^i^ '^Kn 

it, mA a^« will h-sir* tt l» h«r ^oa»«»s«ion In oa*« a-sisot'^lnf haT»» 

t«Mn« to no feofaro thlo ^oal t« jio««'lj" that ih© attomsy proparo* 

tho folXowlag 4oo«UBWBt, whioh Batyota »i«^ao4i 

*fo ft?i9tt 1% Umy &9Renmi 

Thi» i» to oortif that robort i^atyota m,4. Anna i.antit 
aro is p(Mrtnojrohi», ao Joist ton»nt«» -^-"^ hnv^ 1j«»«b I'or th« past 
aoaVor of yoai'o, oaoh ooettrirutins his or h«T oorTioos to tiM 



th«r»«fi that 1», e*«h te *ntlt.:l«i1 te o,n«»hi»iir ©f %jj« •pret>«rty, 
r«Skl ©r i>«r»e*5Al, !.in4 »?»©.» thm titwtlik or liie!*i>a<slty 9.f the o&« 
«r tjhtt ©t.h«r all thn tnr«>pwty ssh^l l?«eo!&«» tlt« ««ii# |>rap*jrty of 
t5j« mitviv<»w %9 held «»« niw ^r lii^ys J'»rffliv«r. i n«w give to 
AKmti Hantii »X1 tli« isy f9r<?p«rty »itimt*»4 iis n^nth ^#iit St«t«i Bank, 
Slut •&■■ AiShlsus^, C^iioakifo, !*««! 4«liirsr to ker tli« k«y® t© tj^« iiiib>«( 
anil all «j? ottedijr nr^'p«rty •«^l»«^,reWKr elti,i»tM, 

i-;«fe»y'fe Bsitymt* (31©b«4) 

t&« c«ffi<pl.i!^lxi?jaiii »i»y ©f hltt prs]^#rt2/ teofax-ft taia 4e@kth, ^u4 thai h« 

T^» eB»t.«9Jtlo« ©f f»s»u»»«l J'er t&e d«fie«^!««t, Sally 

SyieitA, ih«tt tli» fiaia.u3r« #f tii«< €oitti^Xi^ifii^»t to I'llt Ibttir %U1 fol> 

*tJ«elfi« |>erf©a«s«s«s« aratil moT® thma «»« yij^ixjr aftsiif th« grant ol" 

S.«tt«rs ef «!t8siaistfaii©», h^^m Ja«r rtgtit te t^* li»*«»tf»yl«« ««t*t« 

•f B»tyst», t« %&«i«^ «» $#<eti«s» 96, a$a'»t«3r $ of tl5i« Illinois 

St«tat«« r*lftti»g t© %^« A?iKl»li«strtttl«*s 0I' iiaii»i*», th« 9«riln«Rt 

|i«apt of •i»«tieB TO is »8 ,f«»llowsi 

•Ail d«ft.sm4« )!feg8s.lj5t«t th^ «i»t:a.t« ©f SKRy t^jwimter «r l/it«!!-«t»t» 
•kail !&# 4.l-vta«4 t»to iJl4&»ffl«» in l-h* iGaB»«r fallowiii^-, t<>«*lt:*** 
Sixtii* All ^%h«!t 4«bt» >3jrj!«l 4«KAaJi<fle ©f wjmtisurar kind wltoottt r«- 
ItATd is «|B&lity er digjiity wHioh sdiall '&;« f^iiblta^ U) tho court 
Within «ja« year fr«Ki tli« iprftJttUig of li&tt»r« as ul«r««a.ld, (snd 
All A«itmi4,u not «aiii\:-it»d i«itiiiJB <jo« y^ior m «^fdr«»sild a^ftil ba 
fora^ax bstrra^ tml^ao tlaa or«4itf*ra shwll flat? ©t&er «8tat« of 
the daoft»ffa4 ftat iavaatoried or aeeouritisl for by tU# exacator or 
•4ainlatrAtox'« * 

cettn.a^l far tna iJafairiAwt, aaily ;4iploj!ia, {aAlfit*l«8 uat 
tka auit af tfe« cai«i»l*i»vi*ot l« m ^*1st or 4esa<wii<l against tha aatata rf 
BfttyatA wit la th« »#i!a»ing of pikra«r»»ii 6 of aacttoB 70. 

la our ei»i»lon th« wuit of thst eowiJlstinaMt -loaa not 
oonatituto a d^fct ©r ^JasmBid ogalnat BiiityatA*a «»tata. Tha aom^lain* 
afit la not uroea^-^ing on tiio tli«6ry tk*t aha &*» a dabt or <t«»aiid 
that ahottl^ 1»« pat4 out of tha ««»t(*t«. ?iio aeoi?* «e«! Ourp«»» •^ *>»• 
«oi«!»l«tin^r>t*« hill is to r*<je'var th* sntlra «0t«ta, SBia le not 



^ 



»^^ 



•» 4e..9*id aii;uinsst th« ie®-i*kt«, fA® le iavskliag th*? aid »f s^ Qourt 

lifta a at^t «r 4«!H!aiia4 f*'*' a ®p«eij'i« ««siiui$t si^mliiftt tee *»t«st». ^« 
!• «»««rtlia« « rlglit ©i ftwriwsfelp I© %k& «iitire «st«ft« liaisif. tim 
9mXuli<iU^hip t^itstitie l^<<!tw«!)ies i^« ftttta%« mnd th«i e&eaplainafit is sot 
m»TmXf t3a» iiriet P«l».Ue««l9i|> @f defet»:r tk^a «irft4it<>r. I* ie a 
relfttlofitjaip W»»4 ®n «^u&tmM.« fri&eiflffs growijng out of th* «a* 

irl«ir« mat »» ki^T« «.sip.r««»«Ml,t It i.'»ll(»w» tJa»t the ri^t «f scti»» 

fff i!j|,gklii^^. 1€ til, Amu »sj atl-JU-EUssa. »? Ce^<»» ^*«- 

f»ll9wia@ ofti»««i a^y^j»i>js-g^r y., Siyatti l.?>ft^ Qp.,. IM UX, 8t0j Mo rao y 
iiii0..a.J3L.t.,JlU» 191 ^ii- ^«^J ,^BIM.J.UI&UJJM» 52 111. 404? iM.fUt 

Si^Wm MS* t« d«) i%»i U'-ixik tkde* a«M»i>e iy«ii iis i^@i»t* li^ ri^n« «»f 

rifiht oJ* *«ti«i Ia ali ot' Ui«!^ |jro«<»«<i«4 on iii« theory ol a eli^ia 
«Caifit»ti t&« ««t«fct«» «B(dl ips^abJict «t«& of tb« vetate* lo all «f thtn 
©ttly ti)i» vtrlet r«l*tioia»hlg^ »t d«kt«3r iwd erwdltor «xi«t«Ml b«tw««ii 
tli^ isttate m4 th« elalsasknt, mid b« •^ttltalal* rlgbt» Buch »• ara 
t^ii^otm is tk« «a«« at hm ««r« IweXvaa. 

Ztt «®n94A«>rtttg th« <isfit»«itl<m of oovuswwl for tb.« <!•- 
fttniSaiit. liBlly Spl«ka, tim% th« «»attijra«t ha» not baw* olftarly •»« 
i«na<|uiTeeally »i«v#d. It will ^« «»««8a»Ty te «t«t# tUa wl'ltne* 1» 
detail. %s aa^ •»»« »f «»««lflo f«»rf»»»a»«a «a»it b« 4ttt«maaa 



491 • 

feftM'l. ws»» ntst ift ferteia iryit%«a ct««us»«ut. la warn iiajrtiy wrltt«tt tdid 

liarily ©Tttl, m« *i»ritt*im fart »f tfe« <j#»traat e«MB®i9t««! of » l«t« 
t«?r from J^a'^jwt* t» ihe «»«&¥♦! a ijsti-^i, flt« l^ttsr was not pro^ue*^. 
Th« ©Kiy €Ir«K»i <»Yl*?«»Re« of ife» ffixlBt<!P?jc«! ef the' li&tt«r !« th« !••« 

VlfiOi§«}t il, I^aue t«^9*ii"l©4 t^n "hni'tiXi" t>t the oe»BpigilB«at 

m^H tif i»»u3r:si,»e« l»^j^s|.»#«« At 4i1^ fHii4 A>ift «ir^(96t{ th%i by tht 
»t»aE.v»hi> b:.ain«iE«» lie &<&m.% t^h^t ■^ehmi a mmn waBt«d ta eojc« to xhi» 

•«««ii Sk^d for r&lXr®m4. tlftkiett i'^t tl"^« oo^neetiisg e^atany; tla»t )i« 

al^ry or ftti?«3f9ft»#» iu S.*.«i« auJt} tU&% Ba%y«t» h»,<t >» lawat c»Ark«t 
4w«t OK ^'.19 Ufjtt ae¥»<%» %e ^is, aa4 w»» in fcustR *»» th«r« About S 9t 
10 Tnara; %h«t Im^ita wa^ii 1b hia, Klanu*, -pl%oe a«»v9r»l tlBs«« » day j 
th«t h» taJkft'1 %^*«i»t'«*o«t l}i» faftlly ^rr»*ir«; that h« «tti4 h« haA 
ohil'frsn ©u th« »th«r »l4«s tk»4 h« t«il«»d %te«at the sosipl'ilriant at 
lft*at six tlBis««{ that e» 6B« ©ec<M»l6ii hl«, ti^iaas', 8i»t«ir*lJa-.lMr, 
it«fl« ;arah«»k«Ml, vm j)r«*eRt; tk«t at ti>»t t-.m« B«ty«tA said th*% 
lie w«nt*4 t© t«a4 |8C> fnv tr%r«Xi»g «x»e«««» for bis 4au^}t«ri tii»t 
b«j«r« ttxat h» h«4 b««gHt »tea»al^9 tiok«t«j that ^atyatai a»Id that 
»ba 4lil Bet mtrwrnr feia X^ttar; that *aJa« waa fuwiy;* tfaat Ha, £l«ua, 
eaid, "Wait until aha aii«««r«j« th*t Batyatft aaid, »»©« I writa har a 
latt«r; h«r« It 1«« Siir« m« #SG and ««ud it ta Baroya itnd y^« ean 



viM «^&»# 



lt^nM ©Ttr it J* that hn, Silaas, l©0k«« ^t thm l«tt«y (m^ t8al<i, "l 
thialc th»t. ah* <»o{k«j* ih&t, tiAl® wi^a ic M«y atoat li^ or 11 yefur* 
•«;•{ t&iai B»ty«t» 9»i4. to uIib, "Hey® Is th« ifeddrds*," andl g»v« i»l» 
tlie mes^y t» ttjad t® Si»r for trair#lliiu «a.p«««n»8 aaa itild him to 
loolt «f^' tla« l8*t.®rj WiAt J>«ty«t« l&iMl |»r#Tl«M»ly oaidi t&ftt h« 1104 
m dattglit«r Ib tii« oldl e«»«tntrf m&4. &k»% lit^ woul4 lik^ to h%r« Itor 
lioro feat t3*at »&« 414 fk«% a««fw«ir .»!» i«tt«r«» tfeat Ji« ai%i4 tiwit 
if Che wfto h»T% m^ &»viXd ntmy by him fm6 fia«t aft^r Ms death 
ho *i»oiil.4 I«*T9 1*11 %h» »r®s>«rty t© k<*r;* tfeat isatysta 8M<S» **«», 
X ihifi^ thiM X9%%^T teroitffht lii<$r ix|» l&ero q[uie>s:«r fe«eau«o I «roto 
*i*r« I got isefeedy hi.*ro l« this Sfii^fJiry, only »Jt» bo tho oRly oso 
t^o Is fsiRi.r td got iil,l «y monrny, si|r ■;»3'®|nR'!rty «ift«&jf I m^ 4«»4{* 
that Bi^ytota mls©w«4 feia the lett#rj iiiM .li«, Kla^o* rojsul tteo lot* 
itr Ma**- sal"*, •! tkljsk Bhm *Sll ««3»»}'* t.?iftt h« gav« BsttyotA a firo 
ooQt otfiim^} %h<%.% l%ty»t» imt it an tlie l«tt<«r »fi4 i^tit tho lettor la 
tlio lH»xt tli«% h«^, £.l4iij», wertt wltii Batystst to th« 4oor stn^ ««;« .^lia 
«Mll tho lettorj tkat tk« ei^il box w«t» ri^t on the Qom^^r; thot oa 
oa« eo9a«loa ivhtm Batyota va>», ' g,0tng, to iS.nil.ll'oirol* ko oimo to hlo, 
&l«ia8*, o^Tioio an 'J 8^X4, %«r«> Is 166(^0 1 1 «» gelfiiii l« !ft&ke o trl^t 
la oaoo eoa-si.iiia^ Jaft|:«|j«»iii«4 &<» mis 1 4Qti*t Mm.it to lose tho &on«y. I 
fot 4mou«h for 0^ tr&y«ll)si£ tx^OTiiEsoo. JiiosMio sotto &ecil<l«nt htkp» 
foat to »• glvft th« $6i)m t@ my ilaug'atar;'* timt t^i« oomplalnaot 
hsM} at th&t ttiao l«ft Batyota'n Ho»o a«<t wao worttlng ae a eaaia la 
bio, &i«ao\ faedly; tfaat hi^, MXmu^ «aia, •! vant to eall her;* 
tbat Batyot» ©aid, •»•, that le all right. «hm I eoMO baoJt I woat 
t« t^o tii« noRoy for »y Imalnsosj* that fcatyota otayod la Call. 
for»la 4 or f5 vooks and that whrni too ««»o b»«k ho, Klauo, gavo hla 
baok t^o l«#©ij«it tHat »aty«tA woul^ oo«so to alo, Kla-so', ho«i«« aa« 
aok, •Mow 1« «y 4o«ghtori* that ti«, Klaua, ooar »»tyota Woo hlo 
«ataght4Hrt VoAt tte« «2©«ploin»r.t tol4 hl», Klaut, that tfeo roaooa 
that ohe loft Batyota'o ho»o wao that iiro. Uoauo, i*atyota'o houoo- 



'^iiv^ 



k«i*9«Tt ^•'9 »«*« *® *'i«*'t **t»^ **^«» ^« eo«apJ.alWi*nt o«bi« t« C!hl«ttc» 
fr«i« A««trla-awiig«»ry, Baty^ta Uil4 hte, »li4n» .1. Slighter is h«rt:* 
that l\«, ^»ufl, tft2.j£«$d «?iik 'Issitytttift ikb^vat 'his ^r»9f«?ty l^th b«for« 
itBd &ftsr t^« »«K|iXci.i&ctci« ttmn, aad tan^t Bfttyata «quI<^ 63y» *^«t*» 
♦ipsr X ^:ot, I de»H wsuit iBy««lf too aaaJi, X get no c.b.il'.;«r«i, 
wJEiiiteirsr I X^ave is i'or ay sijwgiit«r j » tla.&t at tJao Htm i^atysta 
■•Hi for his elftughter, B&tysio, toJLd Mm Umt h» voji vertk eon- 
si doS'A^e i»ro:^«rt.|rs ih»t B»tjrst» li&i & fiuns <!»i4 th»'t he vimi naklim 
ISS to $30 « 4&^ in hie bu<iiti^«»«: th&t li« h^ two al(»i>'k«. 

IBjWPio lr«&aisk«tMl teatlfl«>4 oa l»»3a«a,f of tho cosBolaln- 
oBt thiii sh« vas Qot roXiito4 t^ th^-* jso-jm^lmlneuit^ tOiA w&s not in* 
torosteA in miw wsy Ie th# auitj t^asit shs i* the «t&ter»in-l«» of 
£l%us '*n^ llTOS iB thff ft«wtti!> ¥t»ll41i»it i» »'hi<^ Klmxs llrod; that sho 
Imtiw Bfttyjsts for alroiat sot«r y«ars.&siii4 siwr ht» nesii.rXy mfftj Aaji 
l^st she r««(#«ibor« hoarinE ^ «iOiiv«»r«&t Ion i» Maro)^ or Ai^rlX, 19X9, 
or X©X5, botwowft Bfttysia, sm^ Mlmm in MXs.vt»* ^X^.^^ of >}xi»lnoss in 
rogftTti to Boty«t«<'e str^ai^sig £sio»<sy %^ I3a.« tl4 e@untiry; ih&t Bfttysto 
o*Bi& th«r« *it]ia St X«tt«ir; iiij.«it itit »al4 Ui^sife M» hsksj o«fit tfitfiaroorto- 
tioB fos* Ms 4tmi^%9r "but feh^t »^e «iMt aot oe»i»g; tliot h« sAid tbst 
fek« wfts «X.X upset 1>^'a.i&$t»o sh^ -«r»s sot 'toia^lag whor> iM ha4 p&14 trstiS'* 
portation for herj thtuX h.m w«« »©% 8«<U»g » Xattor asklag k»r to 
oo»o Mkd shat Trti«» oke shouX^ mm« that ho wilX giro her overy 
thifig that ho owjsj that »iie 4i<5 ttot •«« the oontonts of ths Xettor: 
that Botysta did aot show It to har or effwr to sho* it to horj that 
ho ohowo4 It to ^Xa«i8s tliaft aiie aear :^»tyst» pot a etaBji on tho iot« 
tor aadl soaX tho lottor; Uiat «ho «a« prosont when Batysta «airo Ja»tt» 
^00© boforo Batysta went to C»Xifor»iaj that l^atysta SAi*1, •toll, 
KXsu« I m going s^ray, 1 h*ir«? a ?an«^Htor horo, se I will Xoawo 
HOQO for hor. If »nythia« h«T90«n«^ to "s*^ «i^« ^^* »«n«y to hor. 
Sho«14 Bothtr.g h«i»i>o» I wilX tako tho iwnoy h<iok again »• tViat oho, 
tho witaoss, usUd, •5on»t «iro tho «o»iy to ir. Klatis, gl^e It to 



«s<^- 



1«e1aV 



iL. lum,. 



:-(-r?rJ 



h«r. Yoa ar« i»rith©ttt aiiy «t'h»Pt'» that liatyata saifl that In .^«kriMk 
it i» »•! euiiojsAry %9 giwtt «l4lldr«B a«yt lag uetU' aftei? deat^. 

I*y4i» Kotttka t«»tiri«d on ^ahoir ©f tis« oo«pl«iiBi&at 
Uiat «Jri« ks«ir liat:fet&; %h.».t tUm h.%d a dau<|l\t«r al»(»«t tw«l-v* y<9iirt 

old and B&tytia ««e4 t^ «ay tli.iitt kf» ii^d a (SaugMeV ii)>out that «t|(*{ 
tliat iA« ««« in C»a«hi»«&leTakia m,<k thu^t li^ would! Vrlnt;; h«r it.«r« 
AOtS teat if Bb-« w©i»l<i fsoBi© ftYeyythlBg wo'tilti "be hors; that hie 
property <»&• foia& t« ba n^mj thmt ^ft^r 01-ut ecM* Bntysta told 
th« «itfi«»ii that cti« was hl» da^jigntsif; that «he hnaini ker eall 
.Btitysta "Fa," On ero»a-#3iaKin»tl»» tft« ^'Itnftma w«« n«k*d tlala 
(|i!i«»tion: *.*»<? ilt,^i5i*t fe# ^»o t«Il f&n that hw w«Bt»il h®r t« 
coBae .h*r» t© 6hlea«« so !^.r t«s ^.a ai««0ir»'<^r&?" ?h^ *ltn««» siK»««]rtt<S, 
*ll<», h« s?i'1»»t ««y fbat, Ji© 8^1 f? fe.» wo«l'? 1»'iln(| h«r Mere •© tJiat 
alneo lit illlaH fe»v« ii«y Wli«ii «li« «m« yoa»g *** ecwXd Hav» h*r In 
lAier y«ar» feir M« ^ey. * 

that she ipa« thtt datig..ut«r ol' l*y<lla Kanalca; that Batysta^n pl^e* of 
l^ualfieee «att ri^Ht aniroos th« aX'^ey front li«r fath«r'»s that she 
•a«r B&iysta searXy «iy«ry day «iy,l« ^«r f^tu^r tras i» btielnfttff th»rft{ 
that ^h6 h^ardi Batysta %«iXl htr mi>tl:i«r that h« h:«t! a daughter 1q 
X«r»9c j)»4 t^at h« was «$&!«£ te li^rliij^ h«r h^tvn tliat mft«rwii,rd« 
h« showed «s !»a»9 l^llla tm.l «al<l h# haA s<tnt for h«r nnd thai 
•▼•yySihlng wauld h« hart} that afi^r »h» oas* ^aty«ta iiitroduoatf 
h«r an th» da.u^y?it«r h« •»«* to Snrop* J*or; that «he, the vitneee, 
heart! har eall Batyeta father? *&a* rturin« th» tix or eeven veafcs 
that she «a» litrtac inth hi» Batyeta alweye eald that he was K9iMg 

ta {£!▼« har hie ftro'P'isrty* 

Ca hefealf ef the 4ef«nd«nt», Ajri»a Hynae (alea referra4 
t« a« Abb* aantie) te»tlfle«! that frm liareii la, IWl, ta Deeeaher 2. 
X«19, ehe wae the hauaelce<»?er •»<? baeicee partner ef Batyetat tha* 
the eanqiX^taant eat^e ta ChliMmio frea the old eouAtry in June or 



<? 



ft-.i. <<-.*■.., (M 









fimt ean* to ^iis»#;) i^« iirc^l «iit tiie h<m^ Gf Bfi.ty«t»; ihAt «ii» 
WAS th«r« oniy » few ^.ny* mnA. ihea l»ft *»>©«»«»« ©J* a 4|nArT«X tiiat 

9T thr^m iBORth* J.*t«r, s«t?»^'#a mntj f^lx -w^^Isb t*>tt l»ft angitln, ii*»«b 

tfeat h« 4o#8 B«t Isaoi*' te«« l»»g elk^ «ta3r®45 tiiat 'fesi'ort she cstm* 
2kit7«t* %&Xi. hiss i^at lit «<»« idoiiig i« p«3r icils <iau#it9r*» mm^y from 
tlt« •!«? e^wiiryj b«r% tiaat 2i* *it4 Wsmt %» ^ay the iaoK«9y a»4 i»h« 
Bh8«l.*1 e«ig.«i 9tt%j^ thmt th9k% w%e iisai Ssa sf)«14{ that "tlitii ^<» sajt 
la* r«e«iT«il % l«il«7 «^« is ei^^ing;* that *%hm mail, etMi e«Ri« <%iid 
Cftv« lilffii a l«tt«r a»4 he 0|»«a3«a it md amid, *E«re le « X«tter trvik 
th« iglrX^ «h« tft <»«ud,ng« * ?^Ai is; taX;" %ik&% n^mi ah(« oees« h» imid 
h9 «*» glai4 Ih4?tt afe« w»» h«r«j Sfc&«t fet® «aidi tliat »li<! v«» tlr«»d 
aft**- th« trip: i^i*t «s.fe£« «b«»«(ld[ *ia3' ©ff froe tke work f©*- a f«w 
4.fty»« g#t !r«»t*»<*. «^, ?Sir««e#fl «!», ■»&«?*»«« «fi^* «m<? iU«m t» "work about 
tb# h««»e{* tl5*t tkd «8«»n»l«t-lJRnfit ««!)* *l*Ji<ftr to teJliR, th« vltwegg, «r 
hl« vifn, ihut 9fe« !lli! in?t ^m&9 &«!•« te «t>rkj that h« ij«v«r h««rd 
Baityst* 8%y th^i^ h». w«» ^^-([^Isf ts nirtt tft« eoeplsilniint ftnjrtr'lag ©wt 
•f hli pre3»®rty, fli^ -riiBssi w«k« »iilr«Kl thtu ij.u»(»tll«)a! 'Did yon 
•«« th« l«tt<»r thiit li« D^j&tyHtaX r««oiY«d frooi bi» diaufi'ht«rt* t)&« 
«ita«a« eMQ«irer«4, "I taw tii« letter fe«t I nvfv ^ot a cUariO* t« 
Ftftif th« li«tt«»jr,'* 

tcstliiad ibat h# wan aequaintad with ls»tyiit» and th« «««9lHiiiAnt{ 
that h« Imav tft« coMT'iataakat to»li>r« h« lin«» Batyataj that oa mi* 
*«ea«tMi h« «al«1 te Bat^at-a, "Yaiur datt«nt«r aJia llTad at «y )»»«»• 
•a tha w««t »t<Sa aad ^ear^a* la ay liouaai" that twc? or thraa y»ar» 

ntft^rwar^a, aXimg 1« X9oa, h« ^*ara Jt»ty»ta waritftt^ to »«ll bit 






ik**^ 



:a«* 



!li«Jhl«»8 i) 



1» 



dau£l^t»r Bowj 4011*% yo« Itia^w aaythiisg gOiftuit ^erf* that :h», th« wit« 
»«•«» »ai^, •$©, fi®t. far a^out a 3r»»Jp}* tSi&t ij.»ty»ta isaid, "If she 
■werkad «a4 stay©?! witii !&• X giv« Ji»y »v«y2ft^^i»«, 'tfJ*^ 13" »is«! «*»»•% 

«t*y with iK« «&« tloiB'l |E«t saraythiaif J » that Bat]^«*ii 0,1m «ald, *I mb 
•«» sick ts.m% ifB«k aiJi I h»ir« t>s-e ^^et^r* sasd. 1 «all«iS ^p for h«r 

ft»i 1lSs.0t 4ii »ci,t IS^«l'«r lii^,** 

t« B.ft%3r»li*»» li©5a« t*? ««» t'^t^^fttia,; t^at B^tyata vtmt<^4 him t© 7»r«-> 

fe« wsk* «M!)'| !«.ariri«-!l i« Ji*r *»t«i ih!*^ tt^y ;*asi4 ll-y©?? ■■iog^tliffj' for fllgbt 
3r«»r»; t;h«l iih« k^ ^&n& ia%# ^'»«tiis#9s wlt1;ji i3.iis$ »n^ h^^sl 9«t ceoiiAy 

«gre#4, that ai>oa t?Affi ct«*th, «f ^Ithitjr t&® gyeeisyty wu* to jj^qf t*» tht 

«^'«R||;«'!l bit ]si2$4; Xhmt i»ii&i»i&)$ 9f ffii%ji.isi^ a -will ^# ir«ial^ 'tevy a ffltim 
««<! l*3ivV« y&^t %& k*rs %!»»& 1^® ^on#^t tM« f»r» ^nd tolt! Mrt. Han«« 
ia ^t i»jr«iefca« «f ifet %'lt»eae that. tJa^' fawi «as fer hsrj ^sniS th«t 
]|« li*lli«.iS tJi&i «h« wa« ««ti«^'i#4i tfeftt Tili^B B»ty«tR wa» In th* hot- 
I^itsl ifs* «4Ji<5, k« wjyst«-1 all ®:f bisf i>yiJi?»rty t» $es t» »»«. Ha.nttt» 
•«'? Tt-jsa^ft!^^ tJi.* *itii«9i5 to 4rB?w «i» *te« doe«BM«t thAt w« h«Y# >r«« 
Tltt^sly •«t out. 

Ik**, ka^mi Aufctyaia «l>»ut riftcea y«taijr«s Uiat atoowt fidvMiklnnr 9, 1919, 
Bfttyet* ««»« te lilt ©fflfte wim » y^«« l«*<tjr wte« Sitixyta. nmXi »*t 
ills d<»>j|ht«>ri %ntk% ls&ty«t» fetMl »«»« ••«tt«'lti«« In a 9a«k«#e; that 
h« «le»t4 «a *«y«!tmf!»t f©r » rental teox, put tli« ••«ttrltl«» In tte« 

'kftv «B<« aul^ «h«* »i« «H«> wl tnaaa «l»4<%M\yl f»*n»in4t U«>«. Ma-ifiwe »« «* 



01 






t® th« ^n M tk «&T«ftt«y; that S»ty»tji gala h» int«Mef«4 to tturvy 
Mrt. »ai»it« ft© i?ret»et h^r righta, te««»u»« »h« li«ji{»«d iilsi to oa-ro 
bio »ei5#yj that B»ty«t» ^«o ss&id hw was goieg to feuy kio taughtof 

0. C49«»t. 

fv^ Jii>«rti»«k, f* wlto#«ffi «sri behalf ©f th« «S«r#«.1arit», 
t««tlfi*<S that h# hi^4 imouns Sattyr^ts* f©^ sjsmy 3r«?«nr«i that Batyota 
mtA^ Mro» MsB»«k» w«» « ^##i homs^wlfo, ,«».s!, ito«*t wfe«aa h*i g^t inw 
tJioy asftdo laoB^ys tfeat l*ty»tA 9*i»l !i« waa gotR^, to ferla*? h.l» 
4.«^ghi«ir t# tM« «<»t«3itryj tfe&t wh«k igtli« «asj<» B«ty»tft tol.-'^ hi» mjmj 
ti««o tlint l>« w«» ist»iisij t« »«» Mlt ^mtgiittrj mat »jn «s« oeeaoioB 
li« oadct ho »%» noing to &W ^i^(^^ «i> @««»t >^4 h^ wiu^o i^olag to fix hor 
1191 tioiftt &« isi«aJNl Batyeia oay tlaii.t l]^e <(».«kii ^oitig to gi^ft Mr», H&nuo 
tko liigigoot pj»rt of mo p«p!isTt|r s?©4 wao gt^lni^ to fix uy hit «iau«!;ii» 
%«r{ ^at h« ««ttt igol»g to ti^n ear^ of tlioeo two vn&^^t «><i'^ that 
lio alirayo I'aToroS iiiro. Monvts; %h@kt &i tJ&% i.ti&« his da»($ht«r o«b« to 
tlUlo eovosttry Botyeta li»4 ^ siottagt tit Birig^'^ton sm4 « XittXe Rton^^y 
ia hit b'«ttln#o»i tl^i&t }&« itmt pmh^hXy -w&rth d^o^it |S(i^OO} Uiat thlt 
it 'hi*, ih.« wttB««»», notltsuj tliat .lAtyota tt«ver tol4 him. ^titt oat- 
ttetly hov mtmh i»roi»«srty lio hnt^* 

!B4-«f«ri9 Rl,l»^,ls«iPsg »R V«naif of tfe* «lof«»rJa!Rto t#»%trio4i 
%htk,% Batyota %<At4 liiaa tk«kt Hat* ^Ml » ilsaigatey In tiio ©1;^ ©oyfitry bb4 
••k«4 fel« tho %#«* Wfty to Ibrijsi tlt« ofeiiia ov^fj that at thit tint 
B»ty»tfi Wat liviag tritiSL Hiro. Haritit: i^at Batyeto said t»o iranto4 hit 
4awi«i»t«» to hoijp hi*. Ir. th© *©u»Ij5««» «a<s to hoX|> Mm, iimu»x that ho 
ilooo fiot thiak th»t tJa«ro waa ov«r a tliao that ho ta» Batyato that 
Batyota di4 not say oo»«t-.ttBg ahout hio Ami^i,%»rt that on r4io ooo»« 
tioft he »at4 ho hiaA hott^^t h&r a ooat and difturmt Xtiingm; that 
latyata told iiim th»t tho gtn ha4 h»d tro«1>X« «lth M»o. Hocot «a4 
lofti that Bfttyot* »«▼«? t«il« Hi» i» what »^tnn9r ho would di«i»oto 
of hio ^rooorty. 

e. O. £»oWitt, » wltttoto OB boiiaul" of m* loforifSautt, 



LI 



1.8 



t«f«tlfi«« tisftt ]fe« wft» ft pe»t 0ffl<s« 8lArk 1« sasarg* of tJi« record* 

A4a 9tT««t« iR UUlotigOilt tlt%t t>h» elesettt box wiui a, bl»aj£ &w«Ky at 

f^e dQiiapl4i»isyat t^st^ifiesi lii rsgar4 to r»<tfi-lvi£tg Ui* 
i«tt®r i» «^a««tloii, but tilt!) e&tart ftit4il^4«i Ui« tastij^ny »« tht 
grotmd tlr4at iti»^l«r ««ctl«]i 2 oi* ehii^i^r ^ oX -ch« Xixifioi* »i»tttt«ft 
re.lAti&g t» S'vld'meft *ajd i>epossltl»fi«, ih® co«afjl*lu«iit van »«t « 
•0Wip«t«mt viia*s0. 

It l« oe.»t©»r?'g« "by cdoiiBfti t'®r tl-ie 4ef«!«'5jmt EBilly 
S^ittkft th«t ^t'ltft «ill#:g<^4 «onir»et itt'-^fidi* u'^oii no Ib^tt^r 1»a.sis tiias 
if it *«!•« m^ «raX e©».tr»«ij* a©d •*»«* «itffiel«»t s»ro©f &«« not 

A»«i«6lBf r»r 4h* »-?ik«^ «i' arg?«!i4vu t^tat th« «4»ttra«t 
!ite«til«¥ ^-^ e»B3id®T«(S a» ftTftl 0i3Atr8>dt« ai5<l that ^5<!«r th« rnl« r«» 
IfttlKie t«k tli« usie^tfte p «»rf ©nss!«ncMi eS* 3«4^ a «iontr»«st, sll ©f tht 
tt»i9« Of ^« e«iiiract smftt 1e.*« aXs&riy iWB<!l »ati»f«b«t«jrily i>r&ir«4, 

f&At t5*« eo&triMt ffeay b« i^rQir«4 by ©tiitr thiwu 41y««t •■vidi«ite«; aed 
thfet 1i^«y« ftets, iaeliidiug t&« »«t ©f th® f>4»rti««, J-aia* » eonvltic- 
ins i»j>ilc*ti»a t&i&t tk« Aontrtfcet w« »ettt«axy «ad«, i^na entlsfy 
th« e©»rt that lit t«Ts»« aaa t>r6Vi«is»« ar* suffiaiwit to iu«tify 
iti «nf orot£i«e3t ( tia« oeniraeit oi^ouJld be upb«ld. Altiriofa v« AX4£lflk. 
Jiajra. (p. 5£«)j yJlllB ▼. -^y^^y. 290 lil., 874, 57S. 679. 

X» ttie oa«« at VaT we «*» of t»i« opiiiiow that tli« eo»» 
traot Hao \i>o«s el««rly smd eatlsfaotoyiXy provod an^l that tlw »0«^ 
»l<&ini«iit i« .|«Uti»>! to ha-ve i% ap^oifloaliy wnforotd. 

eoupool for tho 4«f«ri?iaKt »Bdly J^ioka hao olt«4 
SWMro^^o oa»«i» to »iipf»«H hill oontontlon tltat tho ovlH«noo In tho 
•a«« at \>sr la lRsufflcior.t. Tho oa»o on w/doh Ho jirlnalipiaiy 



» urt 



SI 



u 



TmXUm i« tl»« 9tkBm «f B &vtfcr v^ ^tfiat^y^ 2S0 iil, 334. t® think ihskt 

f »«ts in tli« •»•« at b(ir, 

I« tii« o&»« or aoiitfttl V, MtMh«sft, SM 111. 4S4, th* 

*i« iRflnjettel© n»l« ©««B fe« Isild 4©w» to ti^svtrel tfo« «j)«ell'l« 
««f«ro«-:.«mi «f saiJtr&ata ii^ equity, Sv«ry on»« must n«ettBii»rlly 

4i«l&««d ansa fe« d«t*?rK!;in«4 «?b it« ®w» ®?j«?!el«l f%&t»,^ 

t« the <?»»« ©f 3ai£i!^LXa>i:.^iiilU..gM2:j » «jH«<S by ooub- 
«•! far tk* ^•f«ffi-'?feRt Mmily Siel^ka, ih® court &«ia that tlMs t«i*m» 

%air »« tbifik tfe*t ih« twjmt »f tli» coBtra«t 5*r« rfl'«i.8<!»««.bl« Rud 

0«tBRi9el fer th« ai«f«M4a«t '.s^ly %>i®]8ta, fsii'tosr #eat«nfl« 

tht&kt th&t tk« @«kii@i4«(riitie& for tl&« Q«»tra.et %mt timt th^ <ie%pXain» 
tuit sheuli l#«rr0. h.^t iiem* .1% AMKiriaoMtrngax^ ^yi o{»m« W Clilc««o t« 
li-r** 

t%i« quAfttidO of t}i9 eoit4»ld['!>r»tiftn, thet murt s»id (p. 69)1 

VftS 

*Th(i ef)R«ii1«ratloB fer tat ftgr«®^«nj|/thsit eom^^alnimt c)tM>«il4 

l«air« hl« sjiwew-st*, brwfear*, «1 «*#«»• aafta oth»r .'«latlr«o, rt- 
no^ntto Al.l«eliM»c'» t^ &lt<9 l-ar«-.i of his %irtitic Gowe te tMs eowiirjr 

to llro im4 l'«effi«« a eltlseii of th© ISnltoi »ti!.t*»B, It »»o not o 
ftfeoo «f » t3ra®!i»e to ss.%$i:« «% gift witftowt ©o»«14«r«»tloR, t^wt »»• 
«B «ifT0«K5*»nt «s»a« ui^os «k legal, vsill'? «onal'5«raiti<".>», saifl Krli4»i 
f*rf«ris#<l l»y i?o«Ri!ilai©a«t th« «M(fro«R«Rt fe«e«aa#> biK'^lnK »»t^» »«Tlil 
L, BT«Bt »ii<l th« lft*f Iff/pftse^ tir>tsn hl» th# ©Mlfi*tlo« ©f porf»r»lB| 
it.* 

eoe»«»l fsr tht flofftniiwit miXj 3}*iolsm fnrtuor ao«ton«' 
tJmt tfeo »Tt4««o« 4o«« not ofciow t^i*t B*tyoto»« l-^ttwr to Mo (iMtehto 
WM *a(^reoi»o^ aaa Wftilo^j that tho t««tlfi»ny of £1mio thot ho omt it 
Rolloa l» <;ontraaiotod fey Wio tftottsiony o« t,h« 9o«tal cl»rk,'>o^ltt, 
«^ tootlfl«<S tjaat thoyo w%o bo oollsetlea boJt »» a«Jo Md 46th 
otrooto »t tJ»« ti»o in t^uoistloiij tHat tho eloooot box «»o o bXook 
o»fty «t i*ooedo «ta4 48th otro«to« 



fti 



t^.xi^ >f.«l<' 



d£r £> ^ ^ <' 



%4 

•▼l^«m«« is tkat th« l«tt«r ^m i?r«^#r'ly a«fftr«e«»d ana MnlX«<9i aa4 
w« 49 net Ihlnk fhAt tli* •iri-s^fie* »Jn«w» « <'6»tPa<llatl«in «r Klaua* 

t#«tify th*t Ji# »«» t^.« l«t*«r »all«4 i» tlae feo* «t Ad* »«3« 43c]il 
«tr««t«, a« i«ietlfi»<l th«.t fee »»w B.?ityiita. drsji ti Iw tA« »&ll 'Imix 

in rcfsTii to »«isi»g thm 3.Ht»r igiiitll%d, ir® thlalt that wfii«a aJLi of tt»« 
•(l»«r *Yi««tRc« 1« eo«»i4*r«4, tfe« tBf#3r««}e« is ol«ar toat tit* lftU«r 
««» list f»«t Bs*i.l«^, the eTTi^^ntse feetli <m. I»^i?ill' of th« ooBipl .^.iinMit 
Mid tli« d«f«K«i&»t« «iho»e ttaat lftty»t» wms oonat-'^ritly t!.»lici»g aVout 
gstting th# eewapl-'iifisftt te ®@«« %o Chiemg® io 11 v« irltfe nlMj that k« 

Ho i»e; ik»% la%«F hm t»2.<l ^in frleMe tl%«it elic< v«.e (totting; th«.t tJi* 
<lid a«)ift»« C2.#a.irly, lutydtA ffia.«t kaT# 4^s» v^aAthing to ifL<!tue« h«r %• 
•hsng* S»#p iftlsd, tfe«!> ®B,ly i!}y©fe«,¥l« m»t»'j©>'? %,y -rhiah t»Aty»t» 4dttl4 
««r.«ai8le»t« wtfeh h«T vim by mail. frsuHk Flok, % wltnimt i*»y th« 4«» 
f«r>4ai3t«, t«etlfi<Ml tfe&t h^ n$ar Bntyat* r»o«lv« i» lett«r «Bd tiant 
Bftty«t» o|i>w)n«4 It »nA •at a, *l«r« la «a Xwtt»?r rmu fiy girlj abo l» 
9«»lii«. * 'ihm oaly jjjw'b-^va* lffif«'ir«'ne«ii frc® tli« rcoeivt ©f thi« l«tt«r 
%j S:'m%y»ta «rt th«.t tii« X«tt«r trtwi lis «a«flw«r to u l«%t9tr »h« had »■•• 
••iT«4 fro^ l^&tyttttt '^4 th&t Bfttyst&'e letter ]i»roal&in<^ tc ^«qn«uth 
lUa 9ro9«rty fc© k^r hsid iadaciidl feg^r t« a«B«. It Is & faix li^fftrttn««, 
•▼ton frcaa tb9 •ifideno« on te«i.«ir of ut« a«f«i 'iaJ'tB, tJaat b1x« <»ld «»t 
«MHMe irttti tii« •»^«etat,ioK ef &»ai»tiBg Si*'». HsAfiua io IslBfc tiM» ii»u»»- 
worit, elRC« tii» wiAftu^o «« h^im:.l' «f iti« AtfattdiMJt* •*»•»■§ tii»t ■!% 
l«ft £atyst»U he«« 1»*tt«m»ft of a ^uarrol *itte )ur». KftBuw i« yo«a*« to 
tlio HottBO-ffork. rii« |»rofc«»lEXe r*8iw*n why %hm mmpl^^inmt elMtngod ki«r 
BlB«i fl«4 ©«»o, In our oisinioR »«y t>« f©ti»d In tho tf/StlMoay of £!•«• 
«»/! K«rl« T^^a^kobtl timt Botyot» told tho co«tl»ift8Bt that ho woiAd 
%oqQ»%th h«r all ef his vr^-p^rty If rt%« «»o. 

»• *?© not xalnk th»t th*» strength of tM» coii4au«loB 



tt^S '. ?*-*t ^^mt&'^'-t '^f^l?S^?fr'?l *rtf '■<!'!<'!■ H.ntf^f ^"^ 



*«.,. 



•fertS- «i# 



j|»i;n«iX'>(;':>^ 



If 



1 8 v^»k:«MMt Iqr ilMl #"rt <!«»«« wli,l«}a tkft «ttr«tKitti:iti» i«ti'&4uo«d t© shew 
tiUe»ti th«r« »A» an <»titJpfl>jJ.iR;»«!t«»t Isetwoen tiaL« oettpXaifiijoat »«<} isoty«i» 
«rt«ar the «<i»T>i»i»««t e»»t« to chin eountry, nasi \i.y %h,« rurti**? rrl- 

4iir««tliim B»tyei« 4Bt#©4«a t« 1»««[ii»ftttli M« |jro|s«jpty to kj-s. ilmxitt. 
la «wy vl«ir, th« «irl^«*3e# tfeowa tJEjat Uiftm wi&a no e»tr»Ma»i«*s«at ht*m 
iirtt«» th,t emsf>5.«.l«'i»<i sm'H B-»tyt«tA, sja4 tii«re iri*» ao iatsKtlon ©is tli« 
p&Tt »f ^aty«t« nt tli# t%m» th^% li« wrot« ta,» l«?tt«r ixt (^u«atioB to 

th«' 0)aa«j>l*i«-i»5Ji to tee^^n^s-th iwy #:*' hia property td ?ire, »<»«'«», 

0«ttR«*l f»r 4l^# ##r9fida«t Sisily &0leij,» J'urtlier «emt«Ei4t« 
that at tia* ttneft tHmi It Is aii^geiS tiiat lisfctyit* wrot« the I«tt«r in 
ci»«al.ioii! t0 tfe«s cj^wli'tisttstfj-t, B9.ty«t» *hM little or m* f»*iit»;" that 

•r «»* e««« «f |jlAl&S.JL*..JiM^kSXa» ^^^ iil» ^^» t"'? ohmg.fiS eiretoe- 
«tttiie*t bfttvtezi t;&« tli»« 9I-' ss.^l»g the ^jkla.«%^fid eoBtreuit a^d tbtt tla* 

ol* ul» 4««.tb> srsnfftitt:}t4» trnfficieiiDt gr<.']i»ilii te del'eeit. %h« TiiiJ.it ef %h% 
««dK^X>&i££3Jt t-9 kairt» th« 4>Jil«g«d 0Gi»&t'ract epetalfleidly periTomod. 

ft£)<£ sftiitffitttor'iXy «)lt«w»» thUkt latyst* £sad« ta^ oontraot, iuiid ftimee v« 

further thinlc t»<>t ti:t« eofitriket ««• fd^lr ^iUd «^ulta^l9, in !• laima- 

teri«d «rhiit^<»r th«i»« w«s » ai%t<»ri»l ahAi«0o of B^tyetA'o ituisjxuial 

ooadltiieii %ft9r he es^9 th« ^toatrn.et. In tbo caoo of A)JL^£iJk.JU 

Al^Ticlt« g»iii>rR . In *^:lo«iR«»4»« » «|w«9tl«nt »imilt>tr to th» oao ift tlio 

o«t« ftt >.»-r, thff eowrt rnvdA {p,^^)i 

*C©im5i«: for ^p^«lX««B elal» It £th« property in eontro* 
▼«royJ w%a werth ilOC T*r> more -it th^ Itwf^ e»J" thff trial, i»»ill« 
eotmool fer HF^^s'ilwnt iissi^iit that it w»» JROt ^orth Wifct *iv»unt, 
fe;it oreuo that «v«ii if It '^aib '^'^rth t&Sit iMMunt at tli* ti»o of 
til© trial It w«9 worth *met» X<»«« *t tJ»o tmo tho eoairaot wfto 
•«at«r«4 iRt©, sal t;t»t this ootrrt h»o liel4 toat If « ooatroot 
Wat fair •«/! «<|ultabl» -vhrn it »»»• «»d« it coui'S not boooHO wn- 
foir w«S iiioqttlt«)»lt toy clro»»«tBin«o» wliloi» adght afterwar4o 
oriao,* 

fartiiortaore, tho oviilonoo ia ttio oooq at bar io not 
oloar a« to B*ty»4a»s» fla^oial trortJ* wlaon a* ««ao tao oontrsot. Wo 



^ V 



fffU 



u 

think th,*i at t^at tta« «m «. fair l.jst«rpr«ti4ti«0 of tn* #irifl«rJo« 
It way T(»<» «».14 that M» hn^l ««l!»t«jj%iAl ss^tn^gt f^tt ^ mnai ttf hln 
ttt»tt0B t» iLlftj skfiit tfA»t t&« A«ikft|5<» In ills fio:'me3lsa Qon^ttUen vm 

»#t «f »oflll f?To|>»ytl9»B «,» 1.0 4»f»%t tJi© vJoisq»la-iii!!tfst»ii rt^t t« 
B|>0«lfie p«rfom..'>»fii», in th<. ea«ii» nt ^JMX^$SLXs..ImnXSZ.%M.jmiA» 
eitM Vy ^-URael f&r tkfi %3«f«ni4.iSA>i ajsily ii.r)l«lia, th« •v«au« ©f th* 
pr»i»«yty ut tne tiie© tbe- tsoetraot was 8sii4e »«» lls.OOw anil. w,t th« 
tl«« *f ««ath ft.'feout '|38&,0C.V.-. 'ik« edux-t eaid in th»t «!»•• that 

And t^&t tl^(r «{m8ld«rs.tioa ftu' ta« eositrael; <^tMi l8M««tii(s.t«. 

uou?!®*! ffey %-a^ tHf m.^4mxt Mmiif 'spim.9k fitrtfeer eoB» 

•oil liters* f«#9 »f th@ ^g;\j3r41»h 3^ M^^i »^Qta<l 1»« tft3Ui4 iii th« 
Mil af «9st«, OoHtiaol iaai)^l«i£ii.% tnt^t t,hs> aj%wQ«»ller »b<»ul<! ht»T« 
4lr»et«d %hn.% ih® «s!f!«»sig«.e ssmiS »^3Lli9it«iri* tim» BhuanX-i ^« )!>ftl4 out 
«f ttet ««li»i« of B^tyetiii* 

e«tW5««l f&v th«9 0ttS8fi-^iaajs«i eoRt«tt4 tfeat walwr th« 
MttltatteXt .ItirtMi fiti^ft ®f tit* A»ns©l.l©r» lih« «ju«»tl»B »*• 9»« f©P 
tti« tx*r«l«« «f Ills 4i»«r«t4aa aij-i th^j^i h« h?i.o 8«t «il9U8«4l his di«« 
ertttien* 

««;lth«r e©jai««i r«r ik« d«f«B.iaKt Fd»lXy Upiek^, nor 
•ot«B««X for til* oosi^i^iji^t l&ii^K vdrgu04 iliO qiu«»tion fully nor eitoi 
9mf ftttt.'^ritioo »» %h« %u<^»ti0'>!i« in &M9 t^ltu^t^ion wo thick thAt 
wo atro Ja«tifi«a la ^loidla^ UiSkt xii.9 --aiawstlott a.*o b*on vikivod. 
Imyi^ y -f. Tlio r^aotila. 202 Ui. i22, 124. 

J?*** t^« JPe»*gn» stated ta© dooi"®* Ib offlriao*. 

KoSaroly, P, ?, , v^Rd if,.%tc3a«tt, J., eonour* 



:>.f 



^.ii^>i 



S8 • 30340 



Kin A KAFLAV, 

JPX*l«tlff In Srpfjy, 



MMH X© cmamt mmt of 

COtm COUUTY. 






44 I. A. 625^ 



m, ^trtffis 



Ml.tVJ?MfB t¥tg. ©j»ir.io^ 0? US MllBf « 



Una dafinj'ljfcr.t, to Ttvi** % 4«ffir«e ijs fitvisr of K.1b»i Kai^inn, tl^« 

tvo £-r&u»iA»i ^'tT9%, thmi %hi» 1s^mm^li.t^r «<imesitt«4 x*9v«!rtl>>X« 

ftfid •«eoiii, thrtt tk«i!re is ii« e^rti float « of i3irld«aie»( ««4 tb« 4l«« 
crt« does n@t r«oit^ thm fstets. 

1;>«f«r« th« «Atrf ef th« final d«!«x>««!)« Xa tula «tAt« ef tlie reeord 
tdi« mmm^mnt ««« p'rof«>7iy flaic»v«4 'by tJaa oourt. It la unnaoaaftary 
\e »il«im«» this fftiftatloj*, 8i» tne ssreetee n!H"»?»tto6 h«>« toaan dael^ad 
ii4T*rB«l.y te th» c<ast«ntlori «f c^nms^al Tor tha ^efwQ-lar.t by tbla 
•»«rt la t»« tttry r*?«iH5t o^a©« Ib ea,r%fy!lXy e»«ai<?»ra.1 oplnlana 
writtan %y Mr. Itjatlca Maitch^tt. Plotnltatar v. flatPitalgg. 241 Ul. 
App. 166, 166; Itali. aBfm v. .t;gXlQaqii . 3?39 111. App. 6««. 

Xtt r«g«rd t© tha quwsitior. <*ij,ota<»r at cartificalf ef tha 
•▼14«««« v»a B«a»aa(»ry, w« syr© of 4a» opl»lon th»t a o«rtlflc«ita •f 
•vid«ti«a »'»a net uaoaflsary, a« tii« d««raa aentaina fln^inga af f%ai 
trhlah «re ««friel«aat. Tfea ftn«»in«i of fiat ic tha <la«r^*« »toldto wa 
•«aiai4«r tuffleiekit »t^. sta fallowai 



xKi-iM' 



^^4 



IN*''* 



were Ixj-wfully jf»tR)i;4l i» ]»fijrri»g« ©» or ab^ut th* first tay of 

^«IB«, W0;3, at ?olaJfj4, Kaasla, «jr*d **iiat «• a result oi" nAid 

lirtng «»«<! vjti« hHv« Xmifun imfi «r» bow «ifj'-'.«r tlw» «*r«, ouatody 

"^d ih« Qcurt 6on» further fisid t^iat su'bse's^ueiat ta their 

Int^rR&rrtac* on ©r jfebowtt ti'i* IStJi clay ©f Aijril, 19^51, tJift 
d©i'«R«avjt, Hmph Jfc*!»la»» ^ii'ifmlly d#««rt©<S ?ai(i «tbea«t«d hlft- 
••If fr©» th« ddtm-^l-iiaimt -^ffithsut rtiammtible ositais^ for th« 
•r»?to« ef <sv«r two fm^rn iKfeeai-itttXy i»ri©r t© tlti« filial ©J' th© 
¥111 ia t^l* ci»ti»« *«i! thafe t)s* »mi*i o©a3!*l'ii«.?a»t* l&tins. Kaplan, 
has \f0*m m.'i 1« a«» llTiKj;;- sssfij-arstte !n£i^ »?jt4rt fram th« ©aI^ 
d«feiif^««rtt, J©5!r«ip*i I.«i,)»l«m, vtiaetjtt f^iult ©n her pajpH aa chj!irg©«l 
in th« i!ie»»lL Ai«.ar!t ♦« is«i«ri4«d l-iXl ©f eii^H^laJlat. 

Jo?«spfa I*?>.ls5iB, ftl"^ 01R A|$rfX« 3,^*^1, wlXTnlXy abaRflo©, <l«seert snd 
flil!/8#i8t h-iasfftlf fr©!K tii*» e«sM^laln««rit at. iJernrv, Oh to, vh^r© thi» 

C©«f?3aiRafii <in''! tn* 4«f «ii:tskfti w©y» llvt»g m» hwebttjii.l satd wll"©; 
ft»f*$ th©t th« »fi,i-i d«r«ri4&Jtt, J0^«i|sfe. ILaeliift, at jsal ! feim# «a»© 
te Cliieagfi, C©©]b €?^imtjf, Sllla©!©, aw? thai »inc« that- tiw© 
k« h&© ItJMHft iirtns l« 'tke mmi-'i €ity ©f C?3;lca^j'.f, wh«»r© h* h&© 
!>«©». ©fflg%i:«A Ib TsuslmflBSfc, '-mA b«» !>©«« «iKf:« Uiw filing of th« 
«RS««I©^ »;il.l ©I" ©«M8^1<ai«t .wi'l '«^-ws up©» tfe*^ <l«it« of th« h«ajplag, 
» r©si<ft©jBt «f --'mioflitft, Cttok C©unt|r, I3Lil,ii©i»-t 

•j|«.l tfe« usmrt •Sofe* .furtiier fiis*! ^aat t^# ualsS .7©a©5*i 
E*plfi« i» *©il a.'bl© to 8«pp©rt s«a ».al«t«i» ti»# ooaii^iaittaKt, 
**.!»;* i*.«fls.j«», an'l si#i: s»;*i rH aiiiidrisaj 

*iia4 ttt© court dcme furti'mr fia*? thiit tk»*re ia «©» nst«t 
du© s«i^ ©wl»,^ to th« e9©.;i..ialJ3&r'i%j Mi»«i i';a^iMj, fr<;ft th« .■«©• 
f©nd.«nt wa4«»r isw^ &r4er ^f eetirt Ij.^rtt^fer© fliat«r«d for t©&p©r»ry 
ta.i»oit7» th# *ya& oi' #6S,'-'C £*»_! th-^ rurth«r »■.,.» «f *3R,'.:.4/ for 
tesi|M»rax7 ©eliettor©* f©«©** 

i^©r tJa© rfl«i»9i»© at«te4 tikt ■a«er«« of th» ciii»«c«ll©T i© 
*fftm©A« 



irail«ir«ilY t i*. 1,, «r.^ y?tt©nfttt, .?., eoncwr. 



Tf 



aas - 31047 



A^pnM. mm ciHciHT ootmx 



§44 I.A. 625^^ 

KR, i^Bttoi loEnsfciB ■^m.Xfm&m tm o^ni^ of «mE o^mr. 

Thin i» im ai^|»««l Ibyr Kl^minM ^, PTlt«)s«»r. 9n#> of th» 

««fen^*r!t«, *>©i» a a##y«s« Iri favor ©f ^«.c©"b J. Iif.en4«l«»laa, Fhill|i 

M»n<?«lR»>jn ani U-eyt^v f^l©ss«i», tb« o».mpI.<iliriJ*Kt«, In «t suit 1« 

Qui stait wm hroum^ ^e onjeln the forfteloaurt of » 

ekAttel »ort^;aig« ^v»a "fey tMe @eK^ial«®f.t» t© Qold f«r tb« pur- 
9«M of »««urlBg tlst« 9ftyii««t »f S4 fDnmi'smry not*s8 of tli« 00m* 

BOtco hAvine boos d«liv«r«id, %« tfo« oenpltilniuats aJLle^*;, in ••- 
•row to frlttkor; ftu-ther t© oajoiA tho Mtiamawit or tho tra»ft- 
for or th« neios imi jwortgftgo; fuytHor to «»©«p«l tfeo ourronaor 
of tli« notos for sancsoUatloo; md furthtr for Mt aoeountlKig. 

tho <l«or»« of tho chwsowiXor aajwl^o*! tViAt tho ah«tto& 
■ortgo^o «»».■! tteo not#« ar© -vol 4 «* i«M^«!dai!t th» eeM9ln.iia«nt«, wid 
ord«r«4 th« «of«ni»pt« to 4#l4T«r thooo inntrmmU to tho eo»- 
olaln^to; tfeo <lo«r«« fwrthor »<iJ»i.o<l th»t J?rU«k«T l« In-'fl^-tM 
to tfe#< «©BKplAl0afit« In tJi« «UE! of l«»S4.»7, *»»'« or<*«rM Prltokor 
to pm^ thot ftrnwit to tho «o»pl%iRs«toi tho doeroo f«rth«r fownd 
that aold lo lBa«fet«?d to tlio coiapl»lR'ai^'*» in tho ou« of UOOO 
wkleh ««o t>ai4 by t»i» «oj8pl.»ltiaf*to to » l»rok«r on b«iv»lf of uold, 



*««■ 



!»#■ WW^f®' 



1 W»$i^' 



■i*JlU 



fwJrtJi«r a<S,ftt?l!g»fl that tUe "bill of aal^ wina Yoid tsuAA prdftrtd It 
««r8«llee; thi» d«or«e furthmr ortSerft'.i ,l-rlt«k«r iwi?! Oolci to pgigr th« 
eeaia anfl •iipo«n«e» ot* th« suit, ^am'oi'it-iti^ lo •$ '?'?'> ♦i''.';, ?MD«-littlf t» 

/ai owtllnw-'flf tHt wi<1iepiit©<! ®vli5»rio« In %» follow*: 
Solfl tia«! hl« wif« w#r«i th« 9«n<*r« of sail o*' the •t«olc In a «©r})orm- 
tlon >»y tJa« b»jb« of th* 8«Ker»«t Kot»tl P^ajps'Jkcy, wltJa th« oycoTStloii 
of oae »h&r« of otoek whidb w«« hel<l )»jr a. fi. fritsker, & ton nf th« 
dofe^daxit £''rii£li«»x>. the i»barmiuit^ ^as loeatoa !» t^ building, of 
tli.0 £ie£ior»tt :i&dt«l unuoir a loaoo fro^i tlio -^J^foliiaa Eotoi ^-iiilJiB^ 
Ggmp-^my^ tJsio owii^r oi th« SomesriMft ^otel, in ih« Ittbts l^o ^ym 
■tore wsko xof sirred tu sm "tka oox^ier utiir* In tiio ^stovsot AOtoi.^ 
&og9tibtioR« woyii 1»ogua botiroim the ooffipl^t^incukta smd Gold ^wd hla 
wlfo for th« t^urahaMie oi' ta« ^nig »ior« bjr tlie oo^ftpl.Uns'uriito. Iho 
firot ei«#ti»it w«8 Ji^olii »t %km &%i^ otoro M.&^ 11, X9S3. Bioro iror« 
proftcnt tir*e Q&t&pl ^i&mii^, ihe 4«i>»<ia£(t 9oId, m^ brokor in tbo 

e«iiiiJl.-*ln*Ktt Jacob J, 'm& '»hiliri Mfsaa^ttlis^lm , '-m^ also thair attor- 
B«y, k -^rittwi *g;i-!5*e.«wst '^I'gjB i«at ii'T^^S iBt*«> *'or th« ?)Mrohaao of tko 
«rtjg otor* aa5«J tfe« ?-»at« for th« esxa of |!^0,5C0» 0j: th« ^Igrslim 
of th© «,^T*«Hfii'Mit ih® «0T!^l<»ln'JWt8 |i«.t5 tlBf'jO as a ^opoolt to ■K:r<uio» 
♦ifltJO of wHieh i*%a to h% r«tsiii««1 "by Krou^ tva hifj ooojataHioe. 
Aft»r the !»««ti»i5 «ii tl»« ^Tttg Btor« iill of tih^ pf*r*4,l«» ok tfe«s ai<ut« 
day wont to t>t« 0«>v«nsvnt Clu^ sina t&er«Ji ««t tit* dsfenrtarit iTilBkor 
a»4 JPetor Sluomsn, hjh attorney r«pro«eB tln^i t.>3.0 cotuplalnaat &olo««ii« 
JhtoKi thtf Coiranwit C51u*> all of the p«rtiefe ori UiO e^a-o <iay *«nt to 
tho offlao of Mmrmm U, Mandelootm. tho tttjreeiaact vhm *ub«lttod ta 
JPritakor «ndi 31o«ia«ri. Prit»k«r »tato4 thAt » aia^Siflefttlon wouIj! hara 
to bo mAmi that Oold h*A |80C0 ob dopoalt with tho loaoor of bio 
laoao fta a gn>uPRj.=ta« for 1:1. e p«rfor»j»ftea of tlio loaaa an?', that tho 



'-ad 






i*/'; 



^jn'^.r 



th» e»«hi iiaf«ewt, thi» wan »|jr««-5 t© %y ^1 th« «sMrtl#t, It 
vm« fttrthtr ugirte'J th«.t arrem^ess^itt r«>al4 hxvtn to 'b» ia*»4* to oom* 
]^ly vith «!%« BuIJc ^ttX«i X.%19, 4XX of tli« p^rtiea ««t again on th« 
«tr«nlng 9f t)i« a»i%f isiy ^i-.t th@ drug store. At thi« iB«s«ting 
Frltxkvr fttfttM^; t!iAl; hm 'tod l»«i#i( .iis) oaBd^iitutiim «rith Mjr«, ^el<i, 
titat 9hn e'bJf<'Qt»4 lio tk# »»I^f mad Ui^% ^» tsx n« he w»a oono«ra- 
•4 ibi« A<(mX -was off ubIoss h^r e«>t)£$«»t vtsm iitit^inmi, the n«xt 
m«{»tini^, »t ^5»leh sal the pariie» wsr^ jir^smU, wa« Jieidi May 
14th «t FrltiiJc«r*ii offlecr. @@X4 sit&i«»fi tlatt^t M0 wiftt bad »«ret4 
ttt th«> »al« ftt th* 9«iro^£}iti« prie« ftf #S^^,00& with « e%iih iiaym«n6 
«f t8,0C0. At this ai«#tltes %hm pXmx ©f tr5«i«ferrliag to the e«»- 
1>3i.alfl'^t!!i ti»« st»ek «f Ui« 3«i«se3ra!®t a«t<8l I'h.arwmey *a» <!l«et»«B«nl, 
iiin^ tl!i«( i3#««»««*3r «!te>tv^tmt@ «i«tit«« «a54 (s^fc^i^r |»sift«p« nr«T« pr»- 

Ob M«y IStii all t?v« i^»rtl«t #xo«i;{»t a«l4l, who w»« IXl, 
mit ikt FTlt»>.s?r*« •ffi«*#. At this ©««stiRg It VU9 d«eia«<! to iib«i- 
A^n tn« pl»is ef tr«nsrerrtBg th* stoeis 01* tii« iio.«:«r»«t Het«l f'h«r- 
«A9y tfr the »e::;q9l^i£ii'<9mtft ^md to m^ikd tli« s«i^« »>.« ari IndlTHuaJ. 
•ftl* m<\ »<>t ft eornsmtft »ei.X«i, th« pm>®r» w*r« char^M »ccor*UngIy. 
Alto »t thtt atfttlng Frlt«fc.#r isrwtt er. tut b&eit ©f the lea*« Ui« 
foi-a of t>s« ttt9.t«KiKi«»t »f tii« lea»« hf wold to th« oo»$>X.UriXDta, 
lua^ »l»o tl*« forss of tha aa<i«ptsi««« 93' the A«ai«im«nt l»y th« ««»• 
ylalnanta. 

On the wlfiht of Ma^y l&th ^rlt«k«r tftok th« l«a»« with 
hl» t« Oel(»»e he«« «»«? ht^4 GeXd «a:»eut« tft* iMisl«n»«it af th« laaM 
t« th« c»iBVl^!'^fltf!t«. fhftt lilg&t S©ld w&i ta*«» t» « hospital whara 
ha raisalat4 icntiX JTtma ^d. 

On Ifay 16th lh«*« »»« ft »a«tl»« at Prlt«it«r»B afflot, 
•t w^lcl\ PTlt«)c©r, th« O0«pl;ananta Ura. Oald, Maa»«B aa4 Haraaa 
If, *«sd«lff«his w#r«!! preaeet. Th© e©isn?l*l»Mtt Jnaoh .1. i;en>5«T»oha 



-aECf-i 









.**,vV/.»?*^. Xq 



«»• A9t ttr*««»t at %lf fifnt part of th« dent'nrtsoe, but arjrlvttd 
IrcfofH fefe« ««Bf»r«r*e« clft»»*. j£r©n« «iifl a«l<J w©r« not p3r«««nt, 
kt thi» ie«<itinc It, r%.m »gr««d that frltskar ahouXd hold ih« ii$t«»t 

M»^ eJMtt«^ mart'^^ftise, '&le& tli«i «%ith f i»^«aat of #65uo to b« mudo Iqr 
thft «eiS9l.4i.ln«mto $»i't4 »lff9 |l^ t« 1>« |»tk4.4 to I'lfltskcr t'jr 2ir«iiio 

of th« 11 'OC i^ravlftmly *»T>«!fiilt«<^ vitli Ereisc "by th« «©wj».i«iiiantoj 
0B4 tho «c»*«P, treertsmit* «iti«l tfe* I&KM3 thw<iwp«»tt wort ^«iliTor«d to 
Thr% tt^.tT » ^ th# B,«3rt ^fxy KTisnm 4*llir«y»<9 to Prlt«k«»r tla* $8C0, 
At tiio T5«i!f«»tt.»i!f «f Unj l$th Fritekftr |»r»»aTir*<l fch« f»]ili9«leis yo- 
««i^t: 

«M«y 15, 1»S3. 

Iftooll X, J^«»»d«lnolia tl^« 0u^ of #a,43S,lO in ea»h; C>&ait«l 
MOftgtftgO and ^tttOO lifcggirggJA'&liig ;Si2G,SA.)v.;j<'* ta fea iiKlrt ^y 
tia'l^r'jigntfd imtll s^ll ©f tJat 4»%'t» «k4 oMijjwtWtis of tlio 
<S^on«r»ot M«^t«i ^injtssMiSy ^itrsa^ 'h^^a aa'lo* It in %s^i.'i«rotoo4 
tH«it, i; mutt nntt @%mu or notoo ao th« oaoo »Ay roqalro In i>&7* 
meKt of »*i^ ®"feli«;,:i.ti&ii« i'.ra.si tls.* .aaao^nl «o 4.«|Maait«a with »•.• 

Altiiouin tlui I'totipt iliove iU« $i^ of ^"^$433. 10, 
frltiUeor la fi^ot r««ei%«<S oolj ITO&O esiB^. ifioltidod is: th« anovnt 
of |d433.10 WAO tho IIC^GG ]r«jsmi^.lii£ in f.r9K9<» ha»ds an4 $4Sa.X0 
for wfelch tJbo eoji^l'4i»<*Bto nt^m t» te® «r«dit«<i, Im oonenotioi^ with 
tlio ftdJfiastaoBt of r«ot», isi^cfcric iietlit MXlo s«4 w**t«r bllt«. 

It wao *gr«4/^ at lli« «ae«!»tlKia; oe *i«y l«tli that JPrltokor 
aotil41 ««« tlj# asottoy ie M«> &a«*4« to f>«|r th« or<»aii«ro *sf •Ui*^ drug 
•toro In oowj^ltawoo with %m iwlii sa^u ha», J»ritijk«r lia»»fit%t«ly 
l>OK»n to p»y th* oroiiters -r^itii th# ■xot5«jy. /«»»»« th« ^oynoato 
trltsk«r »aVlo t« er«<llt«y« •-*&» * payw«ftt wAdo to hiisaolf on Unf 
l«tli of $»ll».ai, «iiieii soa %int Oolsl o»«o<* to Pritoker oa * noto of 
Oolft for $»0C© wltM lttt«r*«t, »rJLa?i J?ritik«r ha4 oaJorood and whi* 
woo toeurod fcy a ctos^fctal m&r%igm» •*• *i»^« Ch«it<»Au Phamoojr, onoUior 
«rv« Otero ownftdl fcy a©l«5. iae not© w*» li»l<l ^jr th« :lo»» Banli A 
Trwot Comjuiiuy. «aioii on &*/ H^i^ Ha* oiuirgod Prit«k*r«« oeosant 
with tho noto. 

i« say l?tii or latia i^rl6»lt*r aant tJi« ^IH «f '^i-* 



M*t 



«^P*» 



'#1 



motti t>t<» l»te«tt 19 Sl»«.*«n, wji© in turn »«ttt tiitwa to H^niMBi »♦ M«na«l 
Mini. 0«1«U ft*»la:i:',e>«Bt. tf tVj* l«%a» to th9 eoi»pl!a»tm% tra» »n th« 

lay th« l«»»c-r, th« 3&«r»JsK!«i li«t«l lialltiljag C©jrwratio», 

JPhiltp M.««rji|®\t@ba had tftk«jB iatr«&r Ui« ;a^iKa^t«m«t of 

0iiir?Mr;*, \fh» hs« l?*«e *ih» aifM3.«iE«r of tli« 4ro« store for Odd, would 
t««4i.iy If h^ ^sris pr<^»^tt that «a ©r aPbout isi^ iftth Fhllip i»«u<!el» 

eoha &*ik«d hij5 tf h« watiJ.'i werJte for Stin "Itolf tija«{" tii«t t*«w««.rd 
ag3re«*| to d«> 9a lafi!^ si>nti«^«^ t© ."wwrk fer l»Jillt'|> l*«K4«l»olm untU 
A «nit1it*5,i*M3 t«i:.k ©'harg?> of 61»«> dnug; »ter« i«i4er the chattel »«rt- 

•9tt« iatexis*tl»i* li'iu©^ thai ^as la th« dartig «tor«» *lii« «i.ffiiir 
!• r«f«rr«i to at « •ir«l«!,* 

e» M%jr t4t?i »11 of fe.h<» »»rtie« «»e«ipt <}©.1'.1, who »%■ 
•till fel«3k IR a ^s.?lt»l, e#t j*t Fritsi«'S'»t cffls*. Frlt«k«r 
«t*t««l th*t th^ aiti^.2?r»»7»* t*©r t^nt %9r#h«B H»tel B«l5:''lBg Comorft- 
U«n iror* *dl»t'3l«te« aTj^at %hM rati* im^ ti-^at tto.« hotrt eoaii»iiay 
W»» t^eln^, Uo t«r'Hnftt*« tH« l«ei.6tt. It was agreed ».t thi« »««tliig 
that t3a« cscsipl.A'JiiiWtt she^ld psy th« liao* r«»t l'«r the ^tiijr •t©x« 
«uour«tlQ£; %9 1$?-!^. tJa* «®is|ilal»sr\t» gs^v* a oi^ftclt for th«t MBount 
out tli»« jm««it **■»» not i-sftA^, »o tlie aowTJlalawts* ft«co«nt »t tho 
baok oa »ifiiie . tfe« e>i®«k w»a drama va« oloaied by tta« oon¥»l^LB*nt*« 

0» l8(B« Ir*! or 4tlk «««»» «»« r«?>r«»«ntiiig 'iold t*ok 
99«a«8«ion of U\» arsig »toy« wi«r the ebttttel nortg*** wMoh had 
ti9«a ^va» tft Sold ^ i^» 0©«rplnln«nt». 

Cn J'nft* St>^ the ^r«*g otor* v»« sold wndar tli« chattel 
a«rt^»g«. Yfc« »al« ^»» eott«w«t«<f *y PTlt»k#r»» ••»» A, £. PrltK- 
k«r. Th# «r«« »ter« i»*» ^t^ in ^»y a. », Prlt«it«r ©n bohalf •/ 8«li 



h»t'^ 



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p I 



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fh« ]irincl]|>ad qu«tttioB» ol' fsiet In dispute «ir« {!) 
«littth*r i»rlt«it«r or (iolfl *«r«^iil to obtain th« oo«!si«nt ©f th« 
l«t«@r, tha ^4siZ'«k«K Eettl Bull'?!lng Cex-fisoratieu, to the ABtolgn* 
n«Bt ol' ih« leas6 liy C/ol**]; to the 0«iEt^X»in<%nt8: ( ^) «1i«Ui*r it 
»»• »^rt«d that the •s».l« of th« dr^ig stors «»« te b« & Qondltloaul 
*•!« 4«T>«n':fin€ ut>o» th« obtaining of the eonii^^ut oi" the Sh«r«haM 
S«t«l B»il-1ing Cf»ri>eratios to the &«e%nj%i«7}t ef th« Ieat«: (3) 
irli«th«r ti»« ibb^b*'^, not** tmd tiiifAitml iBiierti^j*«« w«y« 4«XlVfiir«d 1» 
«8aro«' to Prlttker te b« h«!3.d bjr ^la «R>tll fchA i«i<?^ va« o^^ms^m- 
»at«.^; (4) wh«t'rt«r Phl'JfeJ^ ie«^ele«ha toek e»v«>r th» a«n»jg;«w.«nt of 
th» start vm^^T » oonaim^ated iKaK* or /s«r«ly s}«widlif4& the <tott8u»s»«i> 
tio» «f « «i«>X«; ( ^i> w]fei«th.«r t1i.«» *r»l«* of tli« t'«-^»r»l pyoMMtioii 
»g:«ttt« wfte »%<!« b»e«t«at of %h9 Tl»I-'sti«a ©f thss f^rohllvitten 1m»« 
wlilla Croli v«« lii posetteitiofi of the 4rtig «tnr« «r b^tjauaa of tb« 
▼iolKtidK ol" th« ^rohibliloa la^% w^ll« S'hilip l^«£)dolsoim w%« 
OAna^ii&ii; tl'ia drag iitor«. 

To st^tn mni '^i9ea»s ti:3;« «vl«ii9»ca In 4at4iil r«Imtii>£ 
to ths <li«put«4a is«u«« of f^et ^ouXd iindtiXy oxt«!a<l thie opinion. 
It lo BntVieittni to eay that the ovldouc* is airoctly eotiflictinf 
OS ail ©f tii«a« ia^uea 8«r4 cannot b« h«itrmoBi«od; that If tha <»tI« 
<laceo on bahalf of tho oostplaiustisita 1@ «i>coai>te4 fto tru«, tha aalo 
wao a een^Utienal ©no, cSa-swUng «??«« tha obt»iRing by Pritskar 
or Sol^ of the of>is«ant to the X«aB« of tae JShorahaa Hotal Eall<!ln« 
eerooratioB. ?aB4 tha «on«»i?, notas afin? ch«tt«l swrtuag* vara rta- 
livaraa ta Fritskar on mmAitim that Pritaker vcul'* hoI^i than 
until tha aaie wa« cenatmsiatad, |sroTt4a<S that }*ritiA»r Right uao 
tho money to i»ay -^^bta of tha drug atoro in ordar to eoaply with 
tha Bolk S*1»B law; that milip MaiaialaoJai took ovar tha loanoir*- 
ismt of tJio !Sru« atoro far the aeBV«iil«t»oa of all tUo p»rtlao. 
9«B4iAfi tha oofta^esAmtloii ot tha aalaj th*t tho rt^\ by tho fadoral 
prehil^itioa mganta waa brought about baeawoa of the aal« of iu- 



•«&i»^ -■■■■■■■ . i. .....--- ■ -^^l 



8>« 



^Mi.ttiie^ 



.-■•.S'* 






3»f.i 






'i^*i.<»tn'»^^' 






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^.o JNnrtfsf"* ' 'tsiriiKf ft** 



toxi eating liquors fey a-^^lA Whll^^ it^ was JstlJLl In teAai'^;* ©i tla« 
<rtMfe ftoi-*. 

Ob th9 oth«ar hsufsd , if th^ ©via«'»:itf« ©« bifahalJ' of tii» 
itfCAiwatu i* aec»pt«5'l a* true, ih« s®l«» was net a eofl-llfelt^rittl patl* 
■feut «k ooia8^«m»t«<l i»i*l*j thiftt VJ5i«ir® wa« S-» ,a.gr#8if!.«nt that thff isi«n* 
•«B.t. ''?f tk« Sh^rehswK Hotwl Iwlldiui ©<sw«>rsi.tl0n to the (&«Bl|i-rjit«at 

%y Prit-«k«r &r by yolel; that th«rt w^ii ae ti.j&tfumm'it thAt i'Tltak^r 
voultS hoX4 this uan^ty, not^is @a;id <ish«>it«X Kort^.ai^^ ^uaiiX th« e;d# «»• 
9ein9um&&%9d t hni tbat cb tJte eaiitrsyfgr they ware delivered t© ?rl1i«» 
k«r «inc&adltlc£ii«>llyi %hJ4t l^l;ilXlp £^i"i<J[«liH»h& took ev«r tho £sfii»»4^*> 
«tfit ol* tli« 4rM^ st&f« t'iiii' Um Q^mpl^itksmtfi &6 the r«is«It of « 

ar»i^ v«e <im« t« tii.*!? »«i.l«% at lyito.xieaiiftH ll^%i(»r» by Philip &«kndel* 

«• eorr#et, »iBC« ins a. ohm j) eery '4V5roe#«':!iftg, s^ceorrtinis tc Ua« asMi* 

• *" C»»»<8htt y. K<i'X»tf^;y. Ml til. 433, 4Sa, th«i« m*ati»r*B rwnert. 

whlla arlBtia faKiig aorr»et,ls ©f au advisory «atur« otsly, .'»s4 "ftll 

th« fftat« «r« ssJutR, ftkr e<».««i1«Tak%ioi$» ia th*?- rir«t lfltttar.«», of 

tb« trtaa i»««rt, srfia in e««« ©if aii i»pit«al, by tii* ravlwicjs,- oo«rt.* 

tGki« |^riii0i|>stl t08;-fciJia»»y on b«r*ai.f oi' tJi» ^oieplsLinaiitu 

«oa»iat»<! ef %h» te«tiKOB.y ©J' Ui« thrte cowplaUimt* tM«a««lT»t, 

and tilt tetttfiway of aiseamn, i-rwie s»aA liaxwaua Si. ll«naeXaoha. Iht 

I'or 
ehiof witno«»eB_/^ tlj« (ItfiMidsmtt wer* tho two s4ai'«adim»» i*ritak9T 

•»■«< a»14. Xh#r« wa« ttl«o «!©eato«ist«*ry «vl4»fioi» intrdactd on be- 

A^ft«r « e«r#fwl oeawtsJoratiorii of all of i^« rriflonoo 
wo h»YO a««i4«A to «i«e«9t Uio t««ftlM«tty of Uio oo«plaln*rito «• tbo 
•orroet Ywroion of Vao tr»no«ctioa, aotwl lh«toBll»« tho f*ot fchat 



mSmhsmiti ■*j';. 



«<R Jlft-tftJ^'f.' 



'.!**iaie'0.- 



. cJ.-'io «■..•;■ a J? 






JJiiMl MilM ' 



t}»«r« »re clr(}<,«Kit)me«t In ih«! tr^stl^oay of PrltEl!«r nnd also '.tecuo 
mtntaury •vld^cto* on b«n£klf of th« 4«f9na«utt^o whioh t«Afl to suj^port 
Ui« <S«l*i*ndi«»ti' theory oS' t,h« eaac. I'jifli only erltrtrlou that «tajr 
>• at«41 iR dtti«;rminlfi|^ th* credibility el* a.ttg»l tfrstisxoiny 1« tk&t 
«f trobittillti»«. An<i 0» i»ret)^'t>illti«F« w« lurt o«>n strain cud to .tiold 
thAt it i» highly Impro'bal^X^ %h<%% th^i mmpl^itimi%9 would h^,'w« ob* 
Xtg»t*<3 t&»i»««3>.Y«« hy ii vrltt«ii ^gr#«^<mt to pviriDhaa« th« <srtig 
■ter« for lists, SOO, si»d to iiti^ ta,000 of fU^t jwiount In Q&^ w]l««s 
tl!i«y b-a4, ■fe««» ?«altlv«ly aa»tjr«d tsy ^itli«r (iold or Prit»k'«r thAt 
tht Sfeerehsa Hot«l B«il<11ng Cortsermtloii wouXil eon«#nt to th« »»- 
•igiaK«ui ef th« i »!%««• to feh« ©««sp^aila^«t• fey Uold, Th« cosfeplada- 
tk»t« w«r« K«t TfeuyiRg ffi^rely th® 9ts«k of gooSt »a»d the fl:xt'ttr«s ©f 
th» 4r!ig »tor«s th*f w*r« femyl»,|s ttet gisG4 will ef U>.« imslaflae tut 
ir«ll. 'rhls l« ehium Tsy tk«s (S^raera*® alBttt«*B t'h»t w©r« i!»r<Bi8ftr«d! 
l»y Prltik«r, 1» 'vrhic:. It *»» <ix'5>r«»iiiy 3P®eittd tnat tii« esO'J- «'lll 
wa» pajrt ©f ttit? »iBe©ttt %9 tea pursiiaast! . t&c o&i«f irttlufj of th« 
COO<l will 4«i^«fi,d»4 «^oB V&ti loo«aity of th« 'frijij storii. Tiie fact 
that til* 4r«« »t®r« wan las»te<t 1« %hB bail'tlRfe of tfe* So»ftr»«t 
S.«tol wl-ttlbts-fly «n.h3iEc««? thft v»lue of iii« l>uKln»»B. The eo»» 
]plj4inttfiti aaialf««tly «xs)«et«d to «©»Au«t th« b«sin«?»a Ir. tlio 
^ulldisg ®f th» SiOissTftfrt Het»l, i?li0r« tu« bu«inc«« wa» l©catff?l, 
Tl»« !#»»• el«-*»rly was tli« |»rl»eipftl «^83«t »f tn« j>«r6la»»«. I* 
tta* etr«ia««t8*5 0»« thft c»««l*i«t«>n i« lrre«i»ttl3l« that t&« oempl ala- 
•nta e««tr«et»^ f^r th» wureha«« of tH« ^rug «tor« only on oojfj'!!- 
tloB that t>iey oottl«1 soeiar* a valli l«ii»o t«> th« i>r««l»*». 

It ie r,©t d«KlM by %h« dofentiant FrltRk«» that tho 
lomao uraa m Im^ortmnt a»«set» l-wt h» coMt««i« that th« oowpl^nantt 
thoasoolvoa «i»?#rto£»lt oxol^jaivHy to »«o«r« t*i« «oR«wit of tha 1«»»- 
• r, th« Shor*ii«« Sotal BtillJliBfi: Coreoratlon, to tho aoalgi)»«mt of 
tha loato. ^oh a ©o«t»Dtlon 1» oppo»«4 to probabllltU*. 1% 
•aasui anr'^aoottttblo to »up •»• tiiat the «««'jil'=*lnsnto actually ^ovXA 



♦iKijL:.-l«.W*'^i^ r^ii 






« .■••' -3 ■t 



V»y iSf^oc In «»«h, ^ml4 s^gro* t« |>%y Saes.Kc K5©r«. ntifi fo«1<i 4«« 
ipwsd upon tJiwlr (»i»a «ffeart« excluelT^ijr t© obtain oonsiMst vf th« 
^e>5r»h«« Hot«l B'aiidinR; C© rpisrat lar* tw tM*> »ft»ljpiiawt ©f the irasAj 
in oth»jr iror4», tJiat tf.«y «!-cnai4 actually %%if th« <im«g »t©r« tmA 

tli«tt th« a»B<i«x»0tei 'H6 iiii« ^r^tttltlously, not «i.8 jirirt of th» 
»^re«?«5;«Jt. fh# t«aiias®,»y ©n b®i,;,al3* of the oorT»i''^in'*t;t» Is litot 
3i«»]&«u} a»i<l l&ffi is'O'uXj!! ti«% be {i»i».ti«ri«f^ vith 0«3ri«n«r*e consMit or 
ni(gBiiktvjr9 t0 ti^« »8i)ilgfm«0l;; ti3i«>t Sissujun l£i!9ist«il. that th« qoh* 

t^# 4«ftfi4a»i«, fhia t<»i9%lr.©my 8©«»» highly probable, -^^j-j nocordii 
with 3i»w8ft»B*t t«»tlis»oB5- %%tk% :ii# «ta.|«'!? to :?3Pii«k«r taat tin* ^ea.** 

wsfcn iih« ?»riB«!i5^>!».i !*»««t. FrltaJk'SS', hsivm^r, tnnxifi^'l thst at th« 
ft.r«t ^•«tlnf lx« stated t^sit %inc« »« l«a»e to yoL^I frow th« 

b« ft6«licn«d to % e0t'sQrB.%i&ii ^y %h^ nmm of the '3o»9r««t Hot«l 
Vliaraift^y, ^;* since aal« !»&<!! «li%nge^ the »»»• ©J* th» *rl*;ln«l ccr- 
^or»tl&a tc fnt' mm* «f the iJo]»,tr»«st .Eot«J. Pte«nft««]r to soKply with 
th« I«»»«, the «©««»Bt «5' ill* il^»r«h«R Hot«i ISttllding C»n>*ratloa 
nottld K»t ]fe« n««««»aary ii*, UisteawJ ©f purcua»lng tfe# Arug «tor« 
from (rold aft ftfi liiiilvi4««l tratiftttctioK, th* i!©s«piaiDrint» veulA 
"tftis:« ©▼•»* tJfte il«js<*!r»et Hot<»l PtosJW&ifctfy Cor orktlon aud ha^ve Gold 
fttaigK th« 2.«H«« to th&t conj©r*tl»E. JBten If Prlt«k»r'« «tn»tr«o- 
tleB of th^ leM« fte «t%t«^ 1r kli t»mt'm»vj w«?r« ccrp«et, ▼* fle 
««t think tbmt ht» t»9tliK©»y ■wf.nkm* Vn» T>r©"b«telw inJTtrwfic* t»vM 
«tth*r Mj ftr C«X<S s»gr««nS to 8«eur« th« con««i;5t »f the SberchMS 
Hctel Building Cert.er«tlo» to the «»algim«iit »f the !««»«. The 






^ttl»>i*ii 



T'^ 4f 



•*ja* 



10 

9mlj •«f« Acmrtc for the aoKpls-tnants to haye pursued would have bem 
t« insifti as A eenciXtioB ipreo«deKt to the ao»»uia»i»*tio» of the •«!§ 
tii«t »ti%»kw or Sold ahottXd elbt<»lii fkn MituaJ. eeueiisnt »r th« 3h«r«- 

hwB li»t«i iiuildiitiis: Co'r]j©r*U©» ta tli« (&B«iiejws«nt, :!saad not to d«pc«d 
ttfoa i^rlt«k^r*» l-egwi ©|>li5to» that th,« ©oeeiitnt of tbt ShercbiMA Hotol 
Building iiojfporatioE to tho aesiigxiaejai «»• u»n«ot«»j»rj if th« eott* 
9l«in nto weaia "tait^ ©ver* ti^« iioBi®r»«t :'iot«i Fhwroiaoy Cerporatloai, 

C^wnstl f©y 'th® ^JfsfWi^jmt fjrit«ic«r nTKUOto that tho 
«Bai<ll«!>ttt*4 9Yl(t«tie« 9now« th«t thft failurft to got tho coaaeAt to 
tho aB8ljg»B0&t of th» !«%«« was du« aolely to th« rai4 by tha 
fodoral frohibttlOB at«»Bt«s tli»t t!bi,» rftifl who ®34» t>»ea)a«« of tho 
▼lolfttion ®r th» pr^lssil^lt.ion law®, R(«t by- Clold, Isut by i^hillp 
K«)i^ol«ohii» «3Bf^ %hmt th«r««fsrr«» tTa# ^oispIsainHtiito <!0n»! s-tRKtly oaa 
not tt«ijf\t«ln th«it tho fallwro to got tho (son hob t of tb« Shorthm 
Hotel Byill«!l«g OorperattoB ta t.lst m««i(P'.i»«tit of ihf* lease warn d»io 
to tiio fault of Frlt»lE«r or Oold, ¥« a© laot think tli«t t3a« oy1« 
denoo ohows th«t th» ri^ld w^o M«ii3e to«»«ii«ioo of tkn ml« of ii!:(toKl-> 
ootiai; Xlquoro by Fhlll|> Mondelooim. >>,« ve view tho oYidecoo tho 
yrolDablo laf«ro»oo is %h».% the r»ld wao l»rou#it «\>ot3t by tho ▼ieXo* 
tloao of tho |»roblkitio» lixire i^iilo aold wae lii tii@ ^ORa«»sion of 
tho drug otoro mu\ not while l^illip MerxfJoleoiw woe m%jitkfiln^ tho 
drug otoro. Jii'artae^ri&ore, «TWi if tito feilnre to got tho ooaoont 
of tho ifliorohoai Hotol Bull^iag cjorsissoratieu to tho aosigtunont of tho 
loaoo Vtto duo ooli^ly to tho r«id hy tho fo^orta prahlhition atgocto, 
mi OY«» If ttio v»li w»,« e«ti»*a by Yiolntion of tho prohibition l*wo 
l»y Fhiliip M«n40loohii, ana Eot hy 0ol4, tko t1of««flftati Pon»l£St*«itly 
eonnot airgu« that tho offort« ©f Ooia and Frit»k«r to «ot tho oon^ont 
of tho miermhnm -fotol BuililBf Corporation to tho aooignaont of tho 
lOMO »oro fruotrato*! t>y th» raid, eineo «ol4 m4 f>rlt«lcor h*TO tokoa 
tho tooitlTO iio«4tio» that thfy dia sot i^ra^- to »*>o.aro tho 
o«n«<ont of tho ihorohom Ifotol Builfllng Oor??or«tio« to tho oosiffi* 
»oBt Of tho looso. If, *s tho «ofon4»iit Pritrtor oonton4o, th« 
oo»|>l*ias«t« thoseol-roo mgf»A to got tho consort of tho Shorohoa 
iiotol Jiulliins Cojp|ioration to tho »»oisn»ont of tho loooo sad 
faUod, it io irtioUy Irrolov^mt Klv «»o oo«pl«»lnonto failo«. 









01 



^*■T!f^S»;' 









s«ii> »44 









.fe«i:i*:i «*i.v. 



u 



In ©th«r *©yA», if «h« «»«nai!»l«j,lKs«5t» afiTCo^; to «et th* eousent ©f 
th* ShorfH*!s Ho%«l Bwll/^lttg Corperfttlcu to the SkBslgnaient, It l« 
l«9aat«riftl to ^feltt ^.«r«ft.l«at l^ritEktr i»lieth«r t>j» S3a«irtiaiMB M<yt»l 

C««B*«1 far tUiiS! a.«f i»i:54»iit ?rl tiUKiiir eeKt.«Kd» tfemt tli« 
l>lll of 6s«j|slai»t i!f.«^«« fs©t st«Atr# ist, «?i\»»# of aatie*} .ia agylty, andl 

is support ©r Ifetas o»nt«Rtl©a rftlltes nn Um cmaf& of yjtfi,att,^ v .^, 

»t#klng th« e«ic®liMtti«K ®f ft »ia*|l« |»ra«&l«®ory wot* ^ai^gM to 
V« fr»u(iul«ifit $r forged, a»^l ^ile^ ««akln£ mx inj'un&tiott t^«ido<»t U»« 
•ntry of 4 |u4-^««t 9« %h9 o«%ft. fJi© aouxt ti^d i.^at tii« f!%et« 
in that e«fc«« w^r* si«t stijeTioifttit; ts® ^ust;tJ> & f»»ft»rt tt^ s court 
of Oi^ulty; tiiat tUes rm^^^iy at law warn adfisqustte. 

fli« £#ji«r)sl ruil«i i« t,:s,git; In a i^rop**? ofto*, iirU«r# th« 
<!«f«n«i« at l«w it Inmilii^tittt* t© ssrs«set« thr, <*n4« of JuKtle* aa^ 
•ff©r4 c«>»?>let* r»li®f» » <e«ttrt ef »<|Mity *lll P«qyilr# ih» »«r- 
r<»B'1«s' 9mA «*i5e*llalil«>.ji ®f *Titt«» irisjtras.ssKtft, ^k '^ §k .r^ HJlH^tay . 
l?3 111. Am, 4ff. 

X^ th« ofi«$ %% \i-9at th«r» »r« M pr^mlmtK^Ty ii«t«0 .aa4i 
o eh^ttfl ja©rt«a^#. If tii«? «ot«8 soouX^I b* tr-MX9f®rr«4 or iol^ 
by tlsf d«f»«assfit» to dlif2'«r«Rt p»rti98», » iaiilti?;kltotty of auction* 
ni^ht }»9 htom^ixt on the aoteo l>jr %ii« ir«u'l(»uB owti^^ro ik£(«iini»t tho 
oonplftlttante. Wnrtn^itti^tn, tho f^$»te «a.l«i|«dl iu &h« bill atuiv 
V&3*.% tbor« 1» ao 9oa«l^«r»tioB for tiio aotoo; tim» th« oontraot 
woo not eoaomafSAlod <Mia thnt tfe«» aotet »«« tho ahtfctteX a»orig»go 
«r« roi«!j wpa*^ %ix« fdfita all«ge«l in th« Mil «»l«e «hOw tli*t It 
vottli Ito li»«^nit^tl« in tho circtJ»»t«iMOO« for the <lof«n<«,ni:>ts to 
ol«.liK otru^ri^ip of the «ot«» »«<? «K«»tt«l aort^afcO. i/oroo^or, 
tho Islll t»r«grs fer *« *e«osmtlag ttpm Prltokor o« to the dlo- 
bwr8»»r.«i!to that h« aad# ©f the S?000 !lolliror«4 to hl«, «»d oloo 



X£ 



ttwsrWv 



xs 



t9r an (jm&<»o tooting !m the ^-^otx osc thm mm^Xt^nmtti for th« jmB#y« 

W« s»r« of tJi# oplnfiirti tcifflst tl:i»» allsgatlonn of th« 
■bill ©f e«»sfl!fclfi% »t«it«? R o»»80 af s»etl««i in mqulsy* Tn» Rp«Gtfi« 
gT9W&4.B ;fof •f5;witn.fcl«» rfllwf , &® feliowii Is-y til* bill of e«««)fli»int 
•»• (1) the rlgM flif th^ <jomt>laln.'asti tt h*T« t;h# is«t»« an<^ 
4^&tt«I ffi«rtf«<g« 0iyieell<»i; 8e4 (t) %&<$ right of t;]Bt« oAnplalnAntt 
to k&f«! m dieo^tintiiEii^ frcu^ l^rlts^^r {^r tt^« ma&Ay that wa« <j|«llv«r«4 
to hlsk in t3nii»t, 

T^iit 9tm«i#Ximtien of lii^trufi»«rtt« In c:laa«ie4 in th« ex- 

l>. 3Be« '■?>■« r«scogsfii»» tii^ ml* tl3.»t ^mi^J will aot «»«»rcift« this 

«f l>m mcti 2»r«(«»4yir«, ?>. 8ei#. In tli« os*«« ?*.t tear 1« our eipinios 
tht »iafe*tawtial «Kjalt?*V»l# rmm»''.>ftm aliPgssti 1»y tiiffl blii ol* awspl^lnt 
ar« (l) tfeAt tte« S<S jsetaa «*-«''! th® ftl'iafet*?! »o,Ttga*;:» »r« void te«- 
«^U8« th«» eeRty*«t T&«tw»e«i tfe« nairti«Be waa n«Y«r t3o»««*sJBHt«fiA; (<?) 
ttimt -^^ «ea?li5s.inrtT;t» wa^ "hn «t|1&.j»ot»'.? to & stiitlplielty of »ulti 
on th» notftnit ( ?i) thnt th«r«> 1» as 0»!B»M«iPata»K for th« note« «mA 
ohatt^l inoirt,'j»i#{ (4) thia^t tk© I3«t«» ««4 «M«i-tti«l swrtgaf,* h«.Ti«MB 
b««a d*llT#r«d t© Frittkw ia tscr^w. I'rltsskar «ol48 th»K In tni»t 
f©r tla« o<!»«fliit«a«t»} {i^ %hu% the e®iapi5iiia»at« oaA.fttt oVtkia 
*d«qttAtft t^ftllAf mt !««»• 

A«««r4iag to the «tutiio«-lti'*« tlt« j-»rt«««i« w hm* 
•tat«ti o«B»tiiJut« »^«ltal>l« rc«»-o»s» In tli« oii-euB.iJt'oje** juttlfylBf 
ib« Ut#rpoKitlcn of a eourt of o^olty to eaaaol th« netat and tho 
«h»tt«I aoytgsg*. 4 Muli.n« C««« ^«»# ■«otiOB B, p. 4»0t •oeiion 
IX, p. 4«7s 9 Ooi?i>tt» ^«rl«. ooetleii fC. p. 1195$ d Cyeioo»«lA of 
Law Mad Prooodar*, p* a8»l laaM..S*»^^al«BA 1*' -**»«• (Ari«ono) 

W« furt>.«r ar« of tti» owlnlo« that th« felil of co»- 



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a^ntH' 



t»^4J 



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plaint 8fe©w« wi m iR<I«fi«ri4«iit groueA »f «qulty that the eoiaplAln* 

aunts stxm sntitlftd to am aooewitlng froK Prltttl(«r om trustee of 

th« «on«y d«ll-v«r«4 to hlM, The People v. Bordeaux .242 111. 327,:^34, 

€«un»i»l I'or %ii» 4ef^%d«uit ^rltxlcttir contan-as that tk» 
*V1I1 i» f&talXy ij«r»«tiv« In n^t tt»a«riii|£ )»aek the «iru« ttotr*, 
tot Islll of »»!« «tiid ih« l««iii«, a« vmll a« FrltKk<»r*ii re««ipt an<S 
«^««%«nt to attt AS tserow, ** 

In 9%xpmv% &f Uii« e&BtimtJlo» aounsnl eiteti the ea«« 
of a*jtill<*y ▼. -^ y^« «^C'(8 1X1, BS, t3. In that oa»« the mwct h«ldi. 
OB ft A9m&.TT0r tn tl39 ^111 of e<tm@I^%int that th« luill «&• d«f««t&T« 
In r«t Biftking a nuffi^mit t«»-f?«y of th# coaM^i.^ration r«««lv«t8 
xmA($T a ewjtraet "whiefe the <»(i»Rspl.aiRsmt© ir#r« oetJklng t© reeclxi-K, 
In th« «»•« at fear if tfee ©>s|«etj0i& Ib q«i#fitt©» hM beeia tirgert on 
fleiittrrer, thu o1j|i»et4o«i wwul^ hwf# b««« well takffi«. But na <»•• 
Kttrrer wita intarposed Iby tk# i^f^fi^ants. In the present state ef 
the reeerA i»« think that the ebjeeti«j» Is wltheut emrit. ^e evi* 
dft&ce ah<tif» that 0ol<^ i» t^ p'&»m^nmi®n of the dirug store Qfi<9 that 
before he teok poeeeneiaa the e&apl^lja^^te offered to glr* him 
paeeeetlen, Xhe Mil of eale wae «iiti(i4?ed void by the deoree, sjft^i 
was eanceilea, 'Ihe leaee wae 9rd«y»«J by the deoree to be delivered 
to Oali tt^em <««««a4 by hte ojf hl» iwiy authorised ag«»t or attor- 
ney, the fallttra to tendtr l»rltak#r»» receipt le obviated by the 
1»roiri«iene ©f the d»ere«» regulrlRg Parltsker to aoeount for the 
Maaey for whloh the reeeifit was «lTen. In the clrou)K»tfmoes, 
therefor*, It wotil!! be «u5reasort*>sl« t© reireree the decree beoauM 
the bill of eeriplaint i» rl*f«etl»e in the r«e)9«ote eeaplilaed of 
by eouneel for defernlant fritsker. 

It iu fmrther eont»»4«d by eoameel fo' aefendent 
Prttsker that "the bill having been brou^iht to en^loln the fore- 
elesnr© of the chattel Mortgase, thio *»♦• a re-afflrwanoe of the 
pttrehaea by the eojaplainants of the drug etore in tfuestlon;* and 



'". V9.r. .Ill ?.b?..Kux;^^'to^. v Biffo a'I 






.ffti?«*»* ,,^ ^ «)Sf^91««C 



14 



trury wt^ eldiislBg: r«iii©f ln»orslst<5Rt thfir«wlth,* 

•nt meytt. Sl»e« thtt #8««r^.e«» of tSi« Tslll is tjta&t th«r« *»» n# 

iTfts n«ir<ir «o)e;«twt»;%t«>d, we 4« not thlBJK th»t x«&a<i}n{t),'bly it «aB b« 
«oct«ri4ed th%t ti:« i>r%;r^>' «!" the bilJL tor tm lnJuiik«tloB {s.g«fiiiBBt tii* 
f«Yteloftur« ef th« ch»tt^ nfi^rtg^i:* l^^Ilas a '*r«>'>affir8t«u9Let «f 
t,fe« j^mrehaa* 0f th« 4rmE •toir« fey tfct« ^osBpisiinains,* fttrtiinrasore, 
%]&« €«trft« <li4 not jgrimt t&« ^f^^or 'fer an InJitK^siioa. 'Tht nttmm- 
fl«iU3fitt, t^«]r«for«, hAir« aot e1»tfti.js«d ^tay relief tit&t it Ittoon- 
«). «t«ut vttth tk« %ll«gjttl&ue in the bill that th^ rirug otor* vwi 

Til* j|a«»tlesi »f *»t©i»|>®i i« -Kot linvclv«a, »» It 'i.oeg 
»«t laftiiear ttthflr fr©,Es th« '.tl#s4Sl«^|«s «r t!U« gfTid«nco t)imt the a«- 
f«n^a«t« »ul'f#r»4 «fty injury l*y r«!s»©« of th« oai«g«tf lno«a()i>t««<qr 
In tha bill, af ^sossigdalat. If t!;i« sifeieotlflia In Q«««tloB hnA bveo 
urgM «« dibaarrsr » -11 ff «.?•»* «|-iii«stlQ» jsigiit *« prmami.ttta, 

C«»tu%e«l 1*02^ t&« d^fttttdant iTi$*k*tr eenttmd* Ml 
f«XX9Vft! *£T«ri if Prl taker hud ssc^at atsioriuiofte te the aoi9X«i»* 
ikBtt t^»t tfc© l»»ii*©.r ©? tfc« drug at©r« wfttull aoceent to the »e» 
•l4ii»«»t of tfae Icjtts* to Va« co«|»lAi«*«>te, this wa« »«r«ly m •t»t»- 
aeitt ef nn ex|j«et«tlen, or the expr«»eiii>n of en opl£iiorit o^* "^^ >^*^ 
a yre^iieory repreee/.tatiois, ati « the failure to reelieo It *•» «et 
froun<t for re««in.i4«« the »»1« ef the drug etore nor to oeooel the 
ohattel BiortgaMK* e&<* aetee,*' 

We do oot thlBJe th»t tti« »»i<1ettee jwetiflee thi« oon- 
tertiwi. la ear o^tnton the |>rei»oiB?lera»ee of the rrSdenee ehewe 
thftt Pfltskejr Reread to eeoure the eenseut of the ilhereh«» Hotel 
Buil'Sine C«rT>or»tlen to the aB»lgn»a«at of th« i#aee vi/ th»t the 
yaroheee of the 4rug etore w».e not to he oo»eiiB«a«te« m-leee 



•»«»»a: 



•*^t»r9* 



u 



eftw«s«l for tu« 4nrmami% Pwitaik«r further ssmk^a th^ 
relieving c»«t»riii©«; 'All t*i« par©! t«»4t»oay that i^rit»k«r httd 
l»rfti»l»*4 t© iiftl<S, th» mtn^y, M©t«« and MK»r%^%g« on «tty ooiirilttoa* 

oth*r lihaa «• stated Isy hi® iii th% wtrlttng toy feim «li»«4 m<l &*» 
Itr^rM t« eojBfX*4l»%wtii * * wim ineMi|»«ft«fit tinift©?' th* T»a»ol «▼!• 

«•»«« ml*., »%nr?, wlie-alA ^)« 4l,fiir#g«r^«(3, «fV«T; if i% w«r'3i not <!««l«4 

fhat ?rl*»k*^T w»i th« saj^ewt omly of <>«li; t>j,*t th« rtil«? is that tht 
*«llv»ry of ft ii!<»«« $r fT©»l»»®y3r n©t« t» ftii a|f»at <j«in«tiVjl«» aa 
ftbDAlut^ d«tllv«!r7 te> %h« prioialpalt iiiait soei eattrm uim %« d«llT* 
•r«d only to a stranger eJ!> thiri i^tsrtt^^ not >% pi^arty to th« i;ion. 
trs.«t: ta»t th« d«liv®»7 ef a 4«re^ or fresaiasoipy aot« to th« 
«g«Dt or {>riirjei|)«i emt-fatf^ li^n tT«m%^4 $kSi » deliYery i« eeorofr, \>ut 
1« a«k •>»aolutt ditliv^ry; t^ttt i^«r«» tli«^ il^^tllYOir^ i» to tit^o og«»t 
•r i»i>liioip}tl tlio vulf i» inflo:slM« tli«tt ^eofnl tootlt&ony i« in* 
aHmioilMff to ohair % mn%<(ti£^rtf}rmi0@u9 n^ttmnsnt to t^« «fl'««t th«t 
iko ilvlivoxy of %ht 4«i'?9 «sy «ot« •Ijoissl'i 'bo troatotl »» » d«3L Ivory 
in 40«r«», ©©■♦JB5! «(«i»i etttt Tiu"!^#yf>w9 sjv^tliorlfcloo t« urti^jfjort hio 
fiooitioa. 

i>3riiuitl»ir, f-a* tbft aakc of »i"g;i^x«»ij t , that ooanool hoo 
•t«tod sorroctly tho yul*« of law, tbo«« ruioo In ottf ©filMon wro 
»ot Oisr^iloifliblo t© tho ««»« *t 1tJ»» for th«« r-«A8o» tti*t in oiar op- 
inion tbo 'pr©?>oii!.<ior5n«t of tlift ovi^csioo oiiowo that J'rltsker Vft« 
a»t th» ««ont ©nly of Celd, fcut th^ agoBt of lai tho part loo j ond 
ttoot tJio dolivoary of t:^« ^o«v»onto in <|i««otio» to ITitokor *m ft 
dollYory tB ooorow for fcho b««9flfc of oil *fao itartioo. la )iio ow» 
%otti«oay Prlt«k«r ftdssitted bo wao feoldlAtf th« no too in ooorov. 
Bo said; "i im oaly aa ooorowoo. Yoa got to dool vith the 
yrlfioiiiftl, 1 oa noliilB£ tlxftoo only for tii« bm^oflt of all portloo, 



«,eM l«f%' 



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^./iVT^f ^?'' 



vH'AM'. 






le 



B«t for «ny en* parti oui*ir party, kov«v«r «®ofi » fri«a^ of nliif 

th« aoney and «&,att«l laortigtage la otnerov* 

C«itri»«l for til* 4«f«niiuat J^ritsktir furtk«r «ont«iind» 
that pHjTol t««tlK«ny ««« ifi»4srd9(iil9l« te »how tiiftt tho 'bill of 
•il* and IOAS« v«r« d«liT«rod to th«i ook^I %iriJMat« *ut*pn a eoail" 
tlOB not •x^jre8»«di om tb«lr fa««j* that th« rul« let that *«!! 
e«nT««rtfttlon tto«}t«ist}«>r«»«o«i« with mr i>r«e«»t^inir th« «ai«e)iitloK> of a 
writ tan lR»tnjrR4iMs.t «jr« all »»rg«4 1» tho vritlaf and ara nat oo»« 
t^atont ♦▼IdaHoa,* 

'^a «1d uot think that tM« r>«la la a9i>lie»%>l» to tlia 
•aaa at bar. Th« r«oar4 <iio<»8 nt»t mho^if that tha fi«>»i»]l»i.i»aRt«, aa 
l^artlea to th« leaaa ;%f!f4 to tita %»ill of walfi, ititt«anpt«d to 4ton« 
tradlet or vary tha tarse^a ef tliosa insinitisianta hy l»iarol testimony. 
Ihe 9ur«08a of tiia parol teatijs«»y waa to skov that th<^ bill of 
•ala and th« laaaa wrra te be liei-t by PrltKkar in aaarov uEs^til tba 
•ala waa ooii»\ManAt«il« ^h« avid^j^oa 4tinB not aho'w tXmi the eom» 
ylaittanta aaoajrtfd tise bill of aal^ and tha laaaa aa on abeeluta 
dallTory. Thtt t«at in aaob eiaaa wkother th«tra hnM boon an aooep* 
tanoa la the intMstios o)* th«^ ;pi%rti««t, ^jmdl aaah oaaa wuat bo 
ladga^ by ita o«b faetw. Elll v, &r»i ^<^y.. 890 111. 4oa, 41S. 
It waa iialil la itltehi>^l v. fSlm * 2^5 111. ISO. 188, In r«gar-i ta 
tha ^jftatton of t^a ^allvpry nf a <l«!(»i, that It 1» oompatant to 
ahow that a ^ai»4, wltba^j^n In tha harj^a of iha ^aetat, ImmI narar 
btan -mivarad, but aoBawtfeliag «!«« van to be 4oiio bafaro It ahauld 
take *'ff«ct. 

Xn tH« oaaa at bar It i« « fact tiiat Prltakar (Sid aand 
tha bill of aale and tba leaaa to Sioamaa, whe 1b turn aaut tl)«a to 
Harstaja M. Manlalooim; but wa taink that tha prapondaranoa of tha 
•vl4ar<ea ahowa that It wa« tha l»t«n&iea of all tha oartiaa that 
^rltshar ahould hold thvaa Iwatrtutwata In aooroi*, to«ffith«<r with 



bl 






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■tft.-«9»ij- «>iJ.? -., Hthtni 



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t1i« si»n«T» «•%•» '»»^ «h*tt«l »«i*t,g«,<:-«, laRtil the fl®n»«:Rt of th* 

k«4 )»•#« tl»tAln«4 \y FriiJKk<»r »r 0«»lL4, th4» «nrid«s»e« «h»w«i tli«t In 

• f »Ai« (us4 tbe 3lea««, Sisi^iiJis ftt«iti»4 thiit lt« hM F«a«iv«4 %km 
!««•• but «hAt tli« 3.«icMl« 4i't ii<»t «$«)»t%JUi tUtt mn^mn «f tk« £tH<»r«* 
luuB iioicX Building i,/«r|}«ratl<»xi t<i9 %lm ^»«rign«g«»t of th« !«;%«« le>y 
<l«l<i. ?rit»k«r ft4£^$t<!)^ in hli» %&B%immny timt th« iiQt«6 w«r« die* 
liT«]f«(; te hiw i» <»»©raw, i« tliluk t}i«t %h.«i mfiimriQi& ^&1*'^ timt 
tltft ttoa«y an^ «^ij&it«l sMirigi^'® were 40llir«iredi %o Miii in tB«rcw{ 
•ad «« »lM think tkat tho «<ria#ii«i« dhows tli^t tj£&!»r* w«.s im iijst«#- 

»*»*. SldfeaLXfcJlfiaQ2SMS» ^^^'^^ ^'^^» ^'^'^* ^^^i Ittchftll v» ^^.^^'i'lr Wftgft t 
Jgy^jKi ▼. Savltt, l?i0 111. 53$, S4a. 

*Thi« failure t© obfeaiu tiak« e«ma«©t ©f the letaor to tli« A««>l{pi««fit 
of tb« X«Mi« ai« uot err«ei the el>m]^letioo. oi tke t5r»B»f«y tii«r««f 
t« tk« e««j»i»iB«iijt», »©» diid it iriolsnte way of tl^ff m^mmitm in th« 
M«ign»«Bt i>jp biii of «sa«, but at m9»% gair« th« l«aii«x- a ri«fht ©f 
•iffctiea to dftelAre it forfeited. f3%« l»8sor alon* acald icOctt 
««v«ctftfi« of ihat ^re»e^ i» ttime ©f th* l«a«®. * 

S%««« eniit«iitio»« of «»ou»««I 9s«j b9 giTActed to IMI 
tni«, l>tit t)»«y «a*« not ]^«rtix3<<»iit to than «iui« <%t bar sine* «• iiur« 
•f tl&« evicien that th« i>r«9on(t«riAB«« of th« HYldeno* aitov* that 
the aaXa ^f th« <Sr^t#, ntor« vao not i« 1»<? «&aBt«BK><iit«d until th* 
t»BB«fst of th* 8li«r«h(WB H«t#l Jltiildlui; Cernoratlon te tha atftlr"*'*"* 
•f tht i«aMia te th» o©»ipi'*in«Jt» hmd b«an o'btalB*<« by PIPitBltor ar 
Oal4. 

CauntK^l for th» lafiffixdw^t I»Tit«k«r farthar «ont«Ria 



*9Jm$ 












, * ^?!f^''i'^r 



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«eeu««nts txte-utftd "by '^elil aftar th» filing of the Mil «if eem« 
l»l»lnt, v«r« net %i3:^i!iieil'bX« agnifiKt lerltwktiT mid (ihould te« <i)i««> 
r«fiar4«4, «▼#» if it Ahould fe« h«ld. that th»^ w«re adiB4aiBl"bl« «.» 
to Q0IA, 

I« flBBttw'wr to tfeiB c©i5t«»ii©n it Sf^jf few aal-,^ tfe.flit w» 
kiiv* r«i»«h#(!t ous" 0e»Glusi«»n« ©» th« «Ti:f«eia« i»d0|>4?fr.'^(<mt.l.y «if th,« 
itAeuMftntAiry «rvt4«na« ee!»i^3.aiit<N{ «f« 

Ceti^AwX for th« «(»ai|»l^l»«^t« hav«> ttn»i|i:t}e<3 »• « eroes- 
•rr«r th* iB«ttii>d l»y whi^a thm ahmtc^lltiv c<»i%{!>ui«4 Uaq aiskot^nt whioli 
lie or<l«r«4 Pritak^r to pity to tj^s aei^X^iufsnti. 

Wtt «ur«i #f tk« oplnitfB tk$it th<s» oGssiitatatlen of tl&t 

f«r tli9 r«ft»;j'tit at%t<|j!l tii«« d«(ejr6# of the eheu^eellor 
ia affir«t«{t* 

lto8iir»ly, P. -T., 8154 Vatchfttt, 1,, eoncur. 



*!Jl«0t6 



ft-.X 



'J $m&i 









to - 3111® 



\iiu^ 






T«, 









sm>FJUI«Ml-fAL WllSaS m UK, just 10s 5'OiCiiSSTClsfe, 

e» thft .»«tlii«« for r«te«ayiiig th» t»nlf siife^«etiaii that 
B^aa 1>« Rotie«# 1$ th^t ^oaasr »«oti@aa 5& Attd 5lr of the Praatie* 

Aot ti»« trial court «%« f*.wtUi«Ptii«4 to «Bt<f3P jud^yissifit on th« plstin- 

not thlnJe ta&fe tJ:^© pi?t,intiff '» affi-«i«kvlt- of «jlaifc. ie stiff iei«&t. 
th« i*s«cXaratl«m ij»»5«i@t«s of two ?His»tiyi©t eaus®* ©f *«tl.ois, - o»» on 

•liftolAl eeimt U«@ t^l'&intijrf iiill$«i«i« »i a itp^sil'lo ^^l^ri-v^tiit of 

th»% th« tot»i MBO'tirtt du« to m® ijimjuttir*' i© Ifieo, ni« (&ffid»i»it 

oi' claim eoulif isot ^ft f«»r ft ll<4|»i4«t«»d aBM»Wi% in «ji;««8s of ISSO. 
11a* eUfr«»r«Bi«», th«r«for«, 'fc»s!stw«nft« i^iat iOKeuot »)iftd #•»*;) wos4l<3 b# 
tti»llqul(Jat«d dajcaHieB w?4eia ©oul4 «*»ly fc« f*)B«ertiftiR««i 'by t^atiasouy. 
Zb ©wr vl«w» ««etiWi» »5 wufifi M 0*' i^i« Bv^&%im Aat «o«t«B)plftt« m 
AffldA-vlt for llqul'ImtAi dMiiVi;»«. 



cxxrc - m 



Mtii^r:if^.S*im^ 






ac; 









aualo o 



20 • SlllS 



tuttmr.Atnt 1ft lrr»r, ) 



m^m t«j ceimr ceimt of 



d«ir.««l £tr»1?i, th» {iiiantirr. 

Til* ^«'t!ji,j8is,«Kt •arddsr «6h©"»s ts'lamt tliw d«f«i«^M*tt wa* 4«» 
fa«at«d S*i>r f«dl,w.r« to fiX« «a «.rri4«vit ef ©©rtttj that ai'tftr 

that aft#p feffartag ib.» «v4 4<!:'S5e« tHe qosirt a»»«»«#4li %h9 pl&lnttff *« 
tl«Bi.am«» at tlit« »xm «'f $6 Si). 

The r«eeTi «-h»*!^u that ttt« der»j}'4a«t 1ia4 ««t«r«t!i nis 

!»• i^rcsmi flit thft tip(iJOii#*(!lm|{ t© ?%»»«iiii the «SaK»s«*:e« aR"^ to p»rtici« 
pat« IB that »r©«««?^,lng. gtr§^.« y^ K^,a»»y.. I^o, 308fi4, ?lr«t :£>ivt» 
•l»ii A|»p«llate ©ourt, o^lRlen niml hQV^^^^nr i^ , l«2e, not y»t 
r«port««; yilli^« v^ jBq , rt,a«t. . 138 Xil. Kpp, 113; kg.tfgMl^-y T^ 

In im opinion wrltt«» by Mr, Justice &caur«i.y. th« odurt said: 

•Th« <l«f«ulai«t« ir«r« cot t» eo»i»ii»t« d«fault. thvit d«» 
fa«lt a«»ltt«4 til© o*ui««' of aetien, ^tit «at th« "jaeunt af 
datt*g«a. Con9«q««Etl:?, uni«r the rtiXft. tnoy w?r*i w.titiBd to 
Botioa of the iioaa9««i»«it of ^auaji^fto «o Uiat th«y «l«l.»t 9«r- 
tlclpata Ir. tho T>roo«^ttli3.ft». In vim ©f the Bu»ls*r et oxato 
in tlil» uounty m?^ tU« vfiljjae of >>u«lni9«»» thl» ia a r«4a<>a» 
atlo »pgllcati©B. oi" thft i-ul«, * 

On tao authority ^V ':ii« eaue of wOtf9>yap;y .."y:!, 
Barotaitlo. i»m»ra . *• wr* or tho opinion that tho AmS'«n'is3at*9 



r 



ft»p-«Arane«> 'b«c&*« pnrt ef th«' rmcJisiM proper by th^ jawr* ^ist of 
filing It; th»ii » Mil «l' »X(6t«s>tl0E3s waft »ot a«i!««!»»»ry to «,h*w 
th« mine Of tto* suf»«j«&r<mc«i and that it wiil n©t te* pv^mm^ 
•a th« r«©9r<1i in the e&i« Ai la«tr that ttati©* '«raa ^v«n to th« 

for 6^9 )r«a««ins «tAl>«4 tJtkik J)i4i^aiit is 3f«v«r««d wail 



"■i$Ut» •111 



mmK p, coos, ) 

244 I'A. 6^6 

am« JTistid ;roiiiistai* imMTssm^ Tin mwim of wg mmt^ 

thi» Is (wa %ett«a ferewgiit tejr J^swii: P. 0«on, tim 

$1194, dl »ll«|j,*>a, t© ¥« &\m to t^* #l«ii&tiifi' wadtr ti writ'««a eau- 
trssieli b«tw««ii mm plukiBli fi and. ih« 4eif«ft<ia»i& In r^n^^yrd t» isli* 
••lleetiofi «f eli»l«» l»|r t%t« flai»$lff t&r tm 4«fcx!»43nt, 

(^ «h.« m&tion «tr th« dief^nlar^t ti3,« trl»l court tt.niak 
tln» plfclatiff *« at^tjws«s3.t #1* «laia fr«« ik» fil«9e iw t]a« £3re«a4 
tfe»t It »»• lB»uffl©4e*st iB lsi?e'. ?fe* plaintiff «»l»fflt«<S. t« AiMiSa 
%y^ th« «iakt«ia«>Bt »f ®lal», 

Vy th# torssi «.r a wTltt»K eentraot 1h« platnttff was t» h»RAl» th» 

«t«f»««lHsit*» eall«eiti«iJ-» fjsr *» o#sfiSRisai9© of ?!»"? sio oialies ol'Jwr 
thwR «m« 7«Mur .«uri<!i «xi /$lS''f Isiuli «l«».i«K»( fK),i« 'OK %raQ«d «I«i«»,* aed 
th%t *clala« ffi%ixArv3im* hj Uxti ^•r*s4««t ^aft*** <t*te of entJtJT •»« 

A«f<mda#ii i»la!i60^ flir« alaiifis mltn tU^ plixinti ft for o«>ll«etleA 
Xt&« tlt^eifia iMeoiiKt of ^f^^eh vdala l^elagi «ta't«dO[! tlnA^ tb« 4«f«t»d» 
Mat vithdjrtw !&••« flir« 4»lfel«ttt froia the pIsdLntiff ; t)i»t liy tki* 
t«nui tf tH« e«atr&ftt tji« pXnixitlff ««• 9atitl<«4 to * ooai^d seloii 
OB oaeh oXaUi X**i» Mwuat of oiioh oosteitsoloa b«ln« >i»eelflo4(X, tiio 
total of otkld oosualaiilofis aaaoiifUing to llt^lM.U: that tho <l«ftttt(!ant 
9la««4 with tho islmlntlff for oell«otloa a «1rI« for #34.13, whlab 
wao a «Sffi«mXt el*i»» walda tho olalntlff eelX««to4, th«rofey 



*'5-'^i« • f^ 



*v 



Xtiiniilq 



%^:a ■■ 



m»%itXm\ U ft «rff11t 9f |tSi«ft<7{ tisftt tlM> iotflA ii*a»>tmi 4tt« t« tut 

Iirei9«rl3r atrtJQk th« fttattessmu. wf el&iis froa th.e fllfts, &« th« 
ii»l«intiff wa« »©% »mtitl«# i« r«e*?>ir#r ©« the ei»»tr(^«t p1«o« th* 
««ittr«et i» v«iii »fi ttei« srottti^ of |Ni%li«i |3>o]llejr, for tho fe«k«oB 

that Vy ih«i t«3r!8» ©f tte« »©»ityft«i ih« fila.tistifl' sas^lBirtoek t« 
l»r»ett«« lisw s*©.'! th« »tat««8«tiit «i.f eii»l,si 4«»«ii »«■& iO-l^gw tfeat th* 
fiX«).lttt^iff h^4 %hm right l<» ji^r^Qtiett l%w lit %,^si« )»%<&%« »f lixtis<»i«* 
lo iruojjcrt ©i" ths'tr c©Jtti®Bti»i3 «jftuiti8ftlsi i'^r th« «tff ^rn^smt jrtly on 

A99t Sn» t?S. 

W* «le not iM»l£ i^-Mt %h» <i^m%4m%%0n 9t e«-»i^fi«X r»r 

"Frier i© tfe« !iig»i»i of tJ»i» ai3P«««B.»si it ift u«d«riiit©»4 

that A^«B«gr X*^' platstlffj def*« sot rentier ©r smr^ert to 
r«n4«r !«£»! in*ryie»M tr 3ST*.eti3« 1«»', * 

|j|j Hifi , <i^^:i^t^.. ..'^t^yjFi^ . li\ '^fdsh It Ai?^ai4s?»<l %ki^i t«« c©Rtr*«t i>revld«4 

f«r th« «wil(*sti©ia ©f ^«##y*ita wit^idut s«lt maA **itfi suit, th*t 

«»«irt ii«lA t|». S7$)t 

*lt!h« bill i!i» B^«^4#/l «tat©« u «a©«» wasrgrlia ih* ©«t'!^i«jr«i,tl*« 
a«ian9l«tis>4at w&« wagMnei with It* ecs»«^«9laiR-iat in t3fi<» i^r««ti«» 

»Ak* 0QXl<*eti«BS with ftr witnont l«g«l 9rao««4iiig«.* 

e«itnji«iX f«r t'a« 4«r«ttdaBt f«rta«» «oat«ndi tli&t th» 

»t&t»»i«!et of iA^lm in lasurriclwt tn %feat it f»tl» t» ftll*s« that 

tfe« pi^a^atiff lfc«n! ^«rf6ir»e<5 ail the con^itieuu of th« <Mintr*et r«- 

««lr«4 t« 1»« |i«]rf»j»#4 fey lii&, or tli^t h« vat rtaity, «hi« i*d wil*. 

lag to |>«ty^or»i tisk«iw« 



««SM*ftl for %hK ^.\«t"»1iff, hft-**^**, ©fsiistftlM thftt Iht 

'tilt* namnn i^f (K«ti«n %« &«% 'iut in tim ntskimtimt of «i3t«titt v»e for 

el&lMfi iftjiftiwldl %« wltfe4T!*«R 'hf fh* defendant fr»« %h» plaintilT'e 

ll«»«f.« *ft»r t>?* -ii^t'> fjf th^ftr i^itiy;* that "t^'j* fi%ai««»»t ef cl«,l» 

tlff t»«©«iix.«if »»iitl«* t» th.« mmim% «liai«as4;* that "t^ftr* Tsra* acthlag 
In tn« -:?'»iatr»«% y«^ttlr«-« t'9 te« 'l^n^ 'fey the t^laiwtirr ■!*!» ^ <«<9{|'«J.ti6e 
l»rftce4©Bt t» feh« rseo-very »r tins s(9a»u»s i» ois«e ©f witMjtawAi «f 
«!lfti»» »$*19V t.Js« a**» $f Skftir 0n%tf «ttt-ti«r Ui© eontrftotj* that "tia» 

A»«^TO aifter 'mta ©f -Mtiry *»» «Ma i«»4fl-f««4«iat agr«im«nt and u^«n t&« 

•Mt for wafct #i" »«t»»ltty« Jby tli*? t^strfe® «»r vJxat «t8;r«««a*Rt, «• o«n» 
•tru«4i hy «r,iwi»«i {^r tt»« ^tltiilstirf » t'lin 4«fw»ti(y:>i i« ol»3.igHlt«4 to 

wttfeArsMT fro* iuin ]pialr.lli'i', SiA t.i^i^^i %i^ ol^duiiiff x^ '«nid«r no 

al«il««, l'i9L« rulft l» t2Mi( wii»r« o£t« party la ^<nanA to ^gr Wt th* 

etti«r is m^t hfumA i« i^ojrl^nt, bna eontrtket !• ]k««til»« in nttiusllty 
aad 1» tb»r«.fort w#ar©rces'-M». It tarra* -'yrli^ttc. 195., p* III, 

#«3r t^4 r^mttons »t<A^«d tli« Jttd^^iit o2' t^i« iri«I court 



&fi 



3' 't'riJ.u.i-c 



, 1, «»»»■">• 



id • 31 till} 









Fialwtlff In Mrit^T, ) ^ ft ^ ^ d^<^ 



4 4 I. A. 626 



m, f^37.im mmnrm w^tmmp fm t^wmim. of mt mmT» 

fhXn 1» a writ of ermr prt>ts^Qu%&^ Tiy '■^illimk H«.i'«n, 

i^ll4t «ii4 fisjrtte«y tl^.«» «^«wyt «r<iffir»<! tJi« dtfftrr'Sawt to give »»0n^ 
lestaMetr 1» th« Bum trf $Jli^)#, im€ ts i«f»u(l,t of h»n^ t9 1>« ooai* 
»ltt«^ tn thit estjiity Jjill, th.» ^«f'»uS.imt t«nil^e to giv« bond sa4 

,4» *J3tft 4«.f«n4a)at hae ife»^igB®4 a© arror or. th« evi- 
d9»e« it will sk9i feu n««e«sftjf|i' ta Ktr*fc«8 ©r aisauisift t>i« «Tidene«, 
It vlll 1i>« i'ttim«il4»i to »«!^' th&l %im «vi.i«iie«i ie a»i^l'lietle|i;. 

fk* ©aly grotittf* «r» «?fa.i®i« %m dafmA&nt ««S;« for » r«» 

VvrM^ of th« ^tt^iiittffrst im thu,t th^ &&•&£% ©r3f««i in in&truatinfi th« 

JUTJ «• f6ll«ves 

•r»*T« In *. r«i« of liar fHftt aM«t«B &«r» fth»£ If s*iiy wtt- 
««•■« that l»» rn*it If yo« 16«li«^« that !%ny -witnon* 'a:»» t*«ttfl«« 
fiaatly t» lewjy fact SAtPrlal to this iBPya, th»n you oatt <il«- 

ro««r<« all of thif trcittr.ony of '.m;r iitt«H wttn^SB, '»xo«*T>t 1« t»o 
fiyr «» »»oh 'rtt«««» »»y hn-?© "bftWi e«»rT«»>orHt«4 by o?h«>r «r#(^l>.4« 
t««tl«!«iiiy or Vy f-ieta ?q,n'5 otren/>>»taitc«« In «vt.««nc». * 

Cotanaol for th» >!«f«»(^swit «©Kt«r«-i*» 6Ji»t In vlo* *f 

th« coRflietlBg OTlilaKo* t.R« jury •^wmid ii*v« teo«n »iwjur*t«ly 

instr'aetod, but t««*t tn tsi« 9»rt of tiio ©&»rt»« «^«rg« to tli« 

jury eesa^Xi*lB«4 of, Ui« OBoeittftl ei*s;«nt of vllfully «»««a kaovini^ly 



,«»% 



«*^ .3»i*?*sn-:' 



sx¥.r 



testifying falselj'- was omitted. 

W« ihiRk trmt »« te* r«o©rf.S feiis d«f«iKc!*rit 1» not In * 

|i«»liion to ttCBign error dR tJi« eoitrtU charge to fek« ^ary, fr©» 

1iJ%« rcjiftord it in »vt4«nt t.h4s,t th* «ttrt i»a%ra«it««l tla« Jury oriiily, 

itt svttb «»«• th« rteofv^ smnt nim* tntA% thu 4eV«ridmtt obJ«ei«A 

mpmeirUnlir i© the eiu»r««. f.t.ftiiiiM,6 t^ Ifi^liei'g. 346 lU. 9 5» 9«. 

•"S^. Ja tXt« e«»« ?»t fenac tfe« ••?;«f"«J44«Rt 4i4 »»t »&)«« tiit wsjeeifl© 

•1i4#9%loA n»v> urgftdt tt^«.lR»t t^« iaotart*« ehmrg«. At th« eonsluslMk 

•r th« daajrir* tsa* follewiais mllKtuy^ teok. |>l»e« 'bftfurw^ft th» oQurt 

«uid tke ftttttrfs«3r«i 

"t*i« Ofttarts In th«re sasy ©ItJs^tJen Ifey «ltri«r sl4« t«( any 
tn»trt^»atleti fiv«B? 

Trial Attdrnty f(»r tli» IS«f i^s-^awt s Is^y I »ugg®8t yaa lu- 
«trt«i9t th« Jwry •* 

ffe« c«urts ^^iMSs«t Qtoiwer tfesit |i»M!rti©ti3Li»r -^^esiilon. As t« 
any ii?»jrt ©f «)?i« te«ttrii0ti€ns» .glw^r*, are y«fti ttatinij ftisiy dbjiwo- 
tl«nf 

frittl. 4tt©r««y t'QT twe B«rf tri'!«i«t J I nm «l»|*?etinc. 

Ths? C&«rt: Ar« ytta #l» J eetiiegl' 

XriaO. Attersnty i"©r %h* !>®re«4antJ I »» ofeJI»«tt»|E, 

t© th«» jTiTlug ef Jsacfe pt B?ild iiE«trijatioR» ta* <J«» 
f«srji3«»t tii«« j:«s#. t.^er« Attly «X««-fted!, 

The Court! ':^ y«^ (3«eir« iii@ ta JUatruat tine Jury en a«^ 
»«intt 

lrl«l Atf«irTj«y t&t tb« ;:?«l*«E)3ftjnts TfS, On fe©hmlf (if th« 
4#f»n4»4jiit I -Plt^ y»w w^|^»ld ljaistr^«t tin* jtiry Umt th« r««t t&at 
ttte def «n-i«9it lis© ti^attfl*'^ l» hit &-mi b«a^f slieul'I l.'« tak«» 
Ml •• 1»« glt^a &» r»lr <f©«^.l4«ratlon a« i*riy othtr '!?lt]n««». 

Trial Attorney for tri*? i^tepl*: Jjotii ©id»« «hoaA4 1B« in* 
«Ittd«d tn tii« iKstnictlsr. «8.8 ^lir«&. 

th9 C9Mrtt I ViiimlR 1*11 ■■^M tkiftt. 

Triail Attorney f^t tiHus .l*#ef'l«; It is c«ir»r»a alrAAifar. 

^«. Csurt; Ve«, it i® ?;nv«r«!? feat I will nay & Iittl« 
worn. I» thin ca««, g«mtl«»i;tii, bat^ thl» eewpl -sinlag vltja«at 
«»-■* the ■■!^r«!?.^B«t te.«KT# t«ettrt»dj lii thit ea»« a»n:'5 th« f!%«t tfett* 
<»tt« 1« the nos§^lJ«Ltnine wlin««» ^xfi thn ©th.«r is th« '!«f«R'la«t, 
444 D«t rtot t>i-w{i frf® t»inr -isosiJfstftftt -rltcaie*** h^re f t'^»tliy 
»R th*lr r^Bw^-sttv* ?xl -?«»«, M^fwiBf »ir(4-5FtA:fc«»a t» te&ttfjr, th«y 
ar* jttst 1ft %««»»« e '^'•t*^ »«'! th#tr tastireony ir- to "b* JU-^a** 
th# s^K* <-» ft»y «th«r ^ltn*«»<j»»* t««tJisoif»y 1» jtt-1?f*^ ar*d welg]i«<|« 
Th»» f««t t>?,!«(,t 9h* l!^ th«» o.e»^l fining: *ltu«»« wvl h^ le tno d«f«cd« 
«Rt '»r« f%«t» wHlaH yoti «»? t»k<» l»ti» oe>fi«!l>'l«rftti»n, ?«« h»T» &• 
rlRiit t«> (Slw^iTJir*! th« t««9tlri5«>ny of oithcy on* of thoss ^u»t fro« 
tho »oro faot, th,*t ©r.« 1« oemifjXaiRlR^ 38«.'5. t^i« other l^fflOdjtnt. aa4 
yoti xhottl-t tr#*t th«jB Jwsit »• yo« «o fai oth«r ^ttiAiiooo In oon- 
«l4«»rlfig th«lr tfwtlKoay ajr*4. <!Ot*ria.inl«g wiiaro t&o grftat«r woight 
or pretK»nd«r««c« lioo m-i J«»t '*hat thu tr«tJft of the B*tt«r io. 
Hoooh yoar ▼ordiot on the rrisleneo horo «n4 oigR It and r«tura 
it to mo,« 



&e**Jtmo S£!W ":l9>slBt ■^nix'ti^^B^ii 



%ry r«l« $ «»f tkftt 9««!rt{ thai %hn,% mia ^©^b »q$ aiiu©*!" Ir tlaii 
it« ar# uftt iil««il41«c tH« *|t««»ti«»n tun ti*« s«iBu«i»ti©» 

lAtr tual wh9T« th^ e^art l^itttTiiet* iMa» Jury or«aiy, in ejrd«r tl»«t 
8«rtl«i«« '4iteihi Itssfiit a^Kt qa».i.il'y ifi® sim*. * ia »wp>Jorts ©1* hi a con- 

a4g m. no, i.is. -^^i^ iji&«»a^.^„|Ml^^-fe^.^i*«3..JMsa. »«« ^^i. 3<>*, 
ns, 

1iU#»tl«JBi 1» !^r»»«!ixfee<| &i^ tli« r^fiiiKyi 1& tli* om® at fear, flj« rueorii 
tfMkTstt tH»'t mly tlcm foii««l£ig ge;^'$r*l ebj«»6ti«n ms^a mM^i *Xc the 

«b«.rn« for 3r«Ti«w* 

f§>r tfe« rw^oae «ta.t«Na tSse JttA^<!i»t of Ui» trial ceart 

MtSiirflXjr, F. J,, MBdl 3&iii.teli«>tt , J., ooKaujr, 



^ 



'? "; •;■. ; : »? "'< i 



^ ^ ■■■■ >* 



1©7 - 3i«M 



SlftTHA B. i?OilRKSyKK» AdmiRlstratrix ) 

tf th« si»t«t« of Joa«pli ^*orjr©«t*r, ) 






0.^ aoo»L coiTi»':nf, 



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244 I. A. 626 

thl» la ift writ ef t*rrnjp eu'ea^o^st'^rl by CViarlwn C, 
A'l^ailt, tb» <Jf f »«-iarit , to T®r«^rtniii t*?© d*?or«iii>!« tn f^vor of B#rth«i B» 
yorra«t«r, adi«l«i»trfttrtx oV i4« ^st&tra of Jo«»pJu Forr«»t«r, <!•- 
•«»««d, th« oo«ipl«tn«U5t , iii !^ i3wfl& in «q-!iity brought by fch» e©Hi» 

JPerssJK'*! «©rvic« wfl»» hi«i wf)0)fi tUe !l«f^i-'iajr.t» tut h* 
f&ll«4 to «i;ter Ui® %}»?»« ajfWice In t«ei exiit. Ots i'<»iruary 4, 1&26, 
«i <diAer«»« v«s <i»r}t(»r#d aji'»lnst >^iei d<<tfa;AXtlug his for vmit nf ft» 
»oT>«»«rw!joe, ©r'Jtrlng, tn%t tn© bill be tujten 2531 JSSytlSia ««;s*in«t 
hlsa for want ©f Jiui fmsrwe;ir to tn^ l>i*l of coifipl^iint, flisdliag fact* 
ealntantiftlly hh all,«g«f? ir; the bill, wiji r«(f«prlng the Cia'-sa© to a 
Mdu»t«r to tAk« ii«,n -iiQeountlnic. 

»•• th<» t^BttsROrijr of ob'» -^ItH^^ff, Th* 5V,,:5gt*^r f''>\MS'l th«it kll of 
the ra-at#riAl Bili <i9g»».tleB« ®f th*i Mil ©f no»plsilnt *r«* tru«; anA 
further fetani that th© 4«f«r-^»nt ow#^ to tri« coiapi-tln^nt the nvm 
•f II 3, 404. 61 • 0» ^#terxi«ry 10, 1«S6, th»j' ehancellor ant^M* a 
4»«r«« approving and oonfi mimn *^« S^aator'a r«»r©rt, 3«k«»qu*rtly 
th« ooxplaijawnt fU«4 a p>?titloB »ll«gint> tn«t tli« ii»ftridl«»t hM 
•wilfully n««l«ot«<i »d6 r«f .j»ad" to p«y the nontty which tha d«c;r»« 
dlritat*!! to b« paid, aJS'? ortsyijig for a rule requiring tha <lafen<1» 
ant to ahov eauaa why ha »houl<l net ^« punisr^ed for eontaJi.pt. 
jfh» oourt ADterad ais order ■■■iracting th*? ;*«f««dant to eho*^ oajaea 



fr-'-i. 









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*i»y h« Ah«»ti3.4 not 1i» pwalehwd f©r ooiit.f»K|»t. Th« lltsttrtnit on th* 

IHAtttten wft« a®ratlnH«<S, an^ ▼»• mtlll |»8K;tl»g at tt« tit&if th« 
present writ ©f <»rror w«i» pyoseeiute*!. 

The o»ly q««8tlc»fi t© B« det«ral»e4 en this writ of 
•rror i« wh«tli«r, wh«i» 0v«ry i«gltiiffiAte 8«4 r«»«!©3i!&tel« int«K.i«..ii«jt 
u&A pr«8umpti0n it iKiSttig^d iJQ finpp&Tl ©f ik© ttXi«ga,tioij» of th« 
MIX •«* e©raipiaii!it, Ui«y« ar^w aufft©i«nt f«»«t» allege/a ta th« bill 
<»f eoatpl^int to iuntity tk« dtere^^e. 

Tito titll »f «(i£x]^i^ii,i is in i!iali«tarie« t%» foXidvit: 

•Your orfflfctrix fnrth«r rm^vBBm'itn nKt© yotir Honors that 
on« Ch«rl»» 0. Adiit of ih«s Citv oJ' wM«a^;o in ti'ie Cow.ty of 
Cook «usa 3t«»>t« of Illlrsois, 'fho is saad© s warty dturfffn-iant to 
tM« 'blXl of ©oi»ic}l**int, hiMl In laslg poiseaEsjsloR .•-ii, tc-wit, tho 
SSth ^Ifty of VmismiU^Tt A, D, If It, affl «». trtiste* for t3i<s Aadd 

wMoh 1« ttfjknown te yftwr cTatriis, ««•? •phioh yotir sratrlx has 
^iiion lansilT'lft ie ftsetrtain, |i«t. «ia»owitlKig t« not l^mn than tho 
Uia^ of firt««r< THo>j«an<l, gl«!it lltm^rsd Tw«nty«eix Sollars ana 
forty centft, irhieh «H»oimt of mor,«sy th*? stai^ 'leffjn laiit, Chtirloo 
C. Adalt, %h»n f**^'f ttv#re lis. wrltteg a«knfl>'s»l*»';Jg'»ff anH! nromlnoi 
to uay to th*? «jil,<1 »T0«'t|>h f©rr«®t«ri that uft*'imuTA» on, t«'k« 
wit, th« »«^fl!nth fli*jf ©f J5ft;mi«.ry, 4, !.'?» 1921, ffyrlng th« llf»- 
tlffi.© ©f t -<* 9ai-1 -fftfsjsph ?©rrt»st«jj*, th« aaid 4«l*»n-:^sint , Oh.«irl»« 
6« Adsit, oia:;i««?4. to It'.® jjtai'i o« :;:ii« b®rmlf la's ih« «?*»i'i JoBit'ph 
y»rr*«t«r, a portlori ©f »sii«! »a';ft«y aeiountlng to tii«^ s>ib'. of 
On« t)ioa9a«4 flvs MwiiariiA Sig:;ty-twi5 Uollairs a«<i Slxfcjr-fnt»r 
04&t« siwad i»ft«rwftr4», on to-wit, th® l^th day of i&roh, a.'i, 
19«ll, daring th« lif«jtija« ©f tlLfi s^iid Josoph .ForF®»t«r, the 
•aid >t«f tJidftUt , CharX*»» c::» 4iilt, cfikuisad to "b^ paid on hlo 
■fcohalf to iim »&iA Jo8«i>h Wamtnt^r a p«;>Ttiorj of s^^^l mon»y 
M&eujr)iting to tin* uu^ ©f Quae l%«^a«yRd Fivo .EiiJjdr«d :iight3ftwe 
Dollars and. •lasty-foar a<iJ'it«, ^aud aft^srwardft, on to-»wit, tho 
17th day of ^«ly, A. S, 19'i?2, sJuring feiie llf«tiiu« Gi' tho oald 
Jos«ph i?orr»«t«sir, tk^ mdA duf «»ri':5aKt, CJaarlaa t*. ;%dalt, causoi) 
to b« ipaid on 3a.l» boaalf to t««» a&id .Toasph forrestur a !5>or- 
tloB of oalrt moxusy a«iountiMg la ?Ja« aiaa of Ojis thouesu'Jd i'ivo 
Hun<!Tod ISlghty-two Boilers md aiaty-i'our c«rjit», «i'! aJ't»rwardi|, 
to-'<rit, en tiio 22!»# .lny of IJ^oOTjbeT, jV, !?, 19;?S, Hiuj-ing th« 
llfotlno of th^ «talK? .To^A-eph Forrest'^r tKr waid Charloo G. 
Mtit o«u»»<5 to te«» put *. on his br*-af to txm oaid Josoph 
.?orr«>»ter a portion of »ai«! tso»»y aaaoijTitini'r to thf? bijmi of 
On* Thou»an<^ (*« MijU'frei 3ieY«n DoIla,r9 ?»n^ #igKty«two owito, 
¥«t hat n<»T«r pal'S, or caua*-^ to h^i uali, -ith'sr ^o the sai4 
looAfih Forrnfat^r in hli ?.if*tt!Sft», or to your oratrlx, tho 
b«l«tn«« of th<» ttalf* s»on«*y isr.i th# lnt#r«»t tiJ*?r<»on, or »ny 
fwrt th«r#of; that tH« '.orn^y fi rot h«r«*lnljoforo «««tlon«?d »«• 
in )p«ri »ron»y whleh tho m.i^ .Toa-wph iforr#»t*r In hl» llfotlroo 
ii«4 4ollT«r«?! to thrt Bald dofwn'^iwat Chftrl«i« C. M»it to Uol'1 An 
tr^lt for t>5fi> Btftl-fl Jo»#f>h .^orr««t«fr ai;/l In part t.n« proo««4» 
of •»!« of o*rt»ln whir^o of tu* oapltiO. ntoak of oortnln ocr- 
^erfttlono th^r^toforo ii<?l,1 in trust by th* ai^ii iofffr.mnt, 
CH«krl«« C, A4«it, for t?a« said Jo««|>h l*orr«9t«r, th«> ftxaot 



r 









aini)>iir of «to,ftr«» of otook ^nd th« nmm»B of the co^pfwii*® l«!gu- 
Isg %h« ODKO "b#liig imk«owri to yoar oratrlx smA your orMtrix 

"Your or»t.rix i^urt-nT r^preowi'jt*? unto your Honoro tii»t 
•ho Is InfoDssoil sunt lj9Xi»v«o, md so >-jh.*rg4» the J'w-ot to bo. 
that ?1urlng th« ltfotl»ie of th« salcj tToP«fi»h Forreator tho oaiiS 

<l«fer.fT«nt, ChArl(P« C, Adstt, a8!??j8.<!>4 to %n-! 'li'l <i<9a,i 'with tho 
ool-^ »haren of «teok <«{■:» ••aou'^y of the shs.14 Joswph For.r«ater In 
tho htmAm of tho ssjiil OhMtrifto C, Afltslt M,a la saoh .•lealln./B 
414 risik* iiv«re ftfis<? ©un-'ry soerftt proflto «rhlca wore unScnniyc: to 
iho «sd«! looeph forreotor «tK4 th(» o^irtiouXaro of i^hlch ar« tm- 
known to yo«r oratrix, ffflf? tnat It isfft'vjl'? m t^npftar iJ* th« 
iiald Ch.'^rloo C, ASeit -^fowl^ rmrA&r a tr!i»% %n'i ooE^pl^t© sfcceotMJt- 
iKg of hl« *ict«i an-l d«n.llr,fi® 'Hth th« said Joesph' forr«Bt#r aiii4 
with tji# ehttr**« ©f etook :jjrtff m0nf>>j of tlio »«ild ^Toaejsh !f"orr??!it«j', 
•iTorinopmch, th«r«f©re, *» your oratyiat ia witfiout r«{r,«,iy in 
tho iirtfKilB®* axeopt, lis a court <5f ©q-aity, ^mi to tiie- ot»« that tho 
•«ii Shmrlpft »., Molt, *n<i ia jrA-?xefcy »f*^© a pj^rty <3of'?'ri4aHt to 
this hill HI eo&plaint. »«i,y fe# sg^^mpeilM to iemrmer th* si.«!3«, but 
not un-ler ©'ath (i:jla suiKwox' undot onts-i >>«in,g hftre'by )»xpr«a«Iy 
waIt«i3)} t*i*f. fm ^ooeufit eiay fo© ta&sn h.fir«in by or un-tor tho 
dlri*©tlOKS of the court; Uiat tii<* »aid Charl«» Q, Adeit HSJty bw 
re<5uir»ti tc p,'4ytisal*rly ?iii.i ss^ijcoii'lcaij.:/ ««t fort- jau^ siato tho 
»«©xiBt, n^turo esBc! dtaoriwtioji of all fit* iscmey -^nd Bh'^r*** of 

• took of tiii) said Jo««ph J'orrosttr whleh were irror in Uto hufido . 
of tho n^id. 'fitfm.'Xmit, Qh.-%rl«& C. A4«lt, or hy him lu^ld in trust 
for tiif^ »r4>3 Jooiipii l*orirft«t©r» givin^i tn« -Is^ts*!® oi" all trs*. aac- 
tiono, tii# pitr^t^n »r p^xnous froa whoitt Oiiid sin-urwa of otooli jMJd 
BOBoy woro r©G«i-y»4, iriu.*t w^ita iione v^ith all of ta® ossris ajfii with 
tho preoo-^^Se j*tidi ^yfm,ll& t.«i»r«€>f fwi'l 8^3 eoi ileal ly anJ oxaotly what 
authority t5i« oaisi Ch*rlsv»s v, Msit htA)3 for so rtaalinii ^itii tho 
•ttBOj that your orafcrlx m!»y hnv* a dworoe roquirlrifc aai*! 4«J'«n'';- 
ant, ffliiarl-t» C, Adsit, t© o^y to yotir oratrijr whtitflvor saay ho 
foti«<1 to b*? <?«« to her urson tho takilng of »ueh account, tc^wthor 
with t2^«^ so«tti of %fel» i»r»0ei!i4.in<s, Ifty a tnort f!ay to b« fixed hy 
th»» eourt; suj-* that yowr oratrl?? mta-y hav'« arjch other ojiil rurtiier 
relief in th© prmaintiti a« oquity s^ay r«?5tiir« 'jb^ to your Horsoro 
nay soom moat.* 

The 9ftrtln«f;t -jartw oJ' thp ^^oer^* of /f»lruary 4, 19?5, 

aro ao followat 

"An-"* thf- court h^v^shy ftriio th»t th# court had juriixlitition 

• f tho parties ^^ ' ou^jeot K<«ttor 'nor»in} that tho n«i4 Joseph 
Forrootor disd en tho oixte^nih A^y of >«av«iAl>^r, 1925,intestate;that 
I.ott<sr« of Ma^laiotratioB of ^iln *^»t«4fc« were ifiSfncl to tne aali 
«oiaplsii,i»rjjQt on tho tw®r*tioth day of i^oYOJibor, 1925, by the Frobate 
Court of Cook Cour.ty, in t le St.iio of Ulinolo; an'l on tho aoKO 
day the oai^l coapiiiinaiit »oc«pte«t th« «al4 a?3p>intt5.e)bt at ad- 
KlnlsKtratrix atn-:? filed h*^r bond aa such -m-i rv»r oincc hao boon 

aflfl ii» n«w t»«tiBg ae the flnly ^jMaiifiad an<J aetiog a<!lminiitra« 
trix of the oald eetato of Joooph forrooter, doeeaoed; that on 
•r about th* tv/#iritiet!i day oi' rieoeaibor, A. D. IPJ^S, t.ie oald <io- 
fert<lant h»<^ in hio posBosoion ao Truotoo of th* eaid Jooor^h 
yorrootor, a large nvm of ttoney, U.e oxaet aowtrnt of wixloh wao 
not l»»o th4M the omj of fifteen Ihoueaad Sight Uiua^recl Xwenty- 
•ix rJoll^ro tmd Forty Ces.te ($19,326.40), whiea tho oald defend- 
ant then In writing aeknowiod^ed m-i iiroalood to pa-y to th* oald 



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loi«j9ii ^crr«6t«r, m |oytt«stn ©f uljioii ©©way T?ith Interest th»r«- 

OQ ha» neY«r Tbi««n pdLti «ithtr to th«» staid' Jo««ph forraatcr iii 

hie lif«1;i,u<8, or to th<? eald aow^Liiiuant; inat th* sEorsay s'tr»t 
h.«r«ifib*J*ert M»iitto»ed »ae. In part, Kori^y which th« »,ai<! -Joeepli 

J'orroatftT, l» hi? lif«tii'.«t, h'sd dsllvered to ths» &^U 4«f<sn-!«M-it, 
to Ucll Ik tru»t fer th«% said -Tes^gh Forreatcr, and in part th« 
:proo«e4» of »sil«? oJ' cartain «ii»r«a oi" the capital stooi: of ©©r- 
tftla con}«r»ti©n» th«r«toJ©r« .h^ld in truftt iy th** »at«l c*.«ren.i- 
ftnt for tU*» »M.ld Josrj)h Ferr^'Ster; tuat 'Jui'lns.: thiff lir«tieie of 
th«> iii!il«s vlff?»©i>h F©rr©BEpr, th* «.iiid d«f«jruiarii aasuEi.xJ to md -lid 
d«al with th» fflaii aharew of ateck >md KSo««9y of ti'-o siaid Joweph 
)?orr«Bte3r to th<* in^tnds «f the «ald drf «}iJd»MU afid in ^uaii d^al- 
Ing:* did »ak« diY«jr» ^^iiBfJ flxtOiiry »®erf?t profits ^'.dch "fwr* un- 
known to tU0 miXS Sft«^ph JPorrsst^r, 

"It is th-*r««fsr« hor«»by ors^^srs^d, &?1J\r'!g®rJ mi^ (SftertftA that 
th# Traill ett msrplitint ©f asti'l c«?R.pl"U.Rr.«it b« ?««"? th*« saj}.)® h*ir«hy 
1« r«f«»vr«<l t» Wirt '-?, aijE-^uhrdy , on* of the Esators Iri Chsurnifltiry' 
of thie ee«rt, to t»^t» afi aetseuaat heroic of ths jsjjr.ify so hstl.'' Isy 
thff 8iiinl-1 rsufiwJant i-R trust for IH*? aaliS J©«se;ph JPorrsstwr m-i of 
the pjroe»«»4a of aal« of th*fi m%i4 afh.'>r*"0 of eapltai Btooit «n-1 of 
thff »«ser«t p.:rs?f Ita *« fsa-d® 'by th* ®a14 •:l!sfa»vi,Aj;t, to.gttJi^r with 
lr.ter®Rt th^rte-n, lffis« th# «Ri©iint ©f tha pajr««ntt ja^A* by t]a« 
•ftl.1 -1«f**n''?aj'it w iiOft©'tj»t ©f th-'^ iiSftKffl, t© sIsAtw the wnpaiii teal- 
Mit-s of •«ki-^ a-enssy ar:* lnt«"r#ist <«r»1 to rs«)ort thn. sam* to th« 
court, Utgnthinr with th.# «vi*!«sri©« fcAk«r. or* s^ild aeeowjfitiRg; that 
ttipoa th« Esaklijj- of the ^-'sl'l report of ii«,id ««<sountlnj:< "by th« nftid 
ll»at«r lii Cl'i?%i*c«jry 'Arid upon th» lapprovsaii t;ii*rTOf "by th« oourt, 
the eoi,*. ^^I^f *![=•: L;*t;t, «;ia.rl->» C. .\4Kit, dtc fwrtiwltk '&;i.y to th« 
•at?. o<jiKplj'».in<iiit tiiJ? «iount of aaii unpaid: feiiirsiioe of .prlrjclpal 
»»d l«t«jre«ti 30 fou«d Ijy ss^id r^sport, to4<i.tiier ?flth 00J-»i?l .aiK-'ijrit '• 
oo«ti li«r#tn; th^t tia« »ml 1 «!e*6,pii4,ln'iKt ti^sreupon h'iv* execution 
tii«r«i"or a« upoa «. J|w'ii;;5H)iffitst stt Ivaw; (and that the coBpliiaimt 
hMf% »u«h <»tU«r r«t&«dl6i» f©.r tli« :.;is,fGroe*3«»at of tij-« 1®cr«« iifre- 
ia, asd t«( Anforoe &h« f (<i>^b>i!ii>i& «^!' tha said aoney, ''^^ p^trtain te 
th« practice an;! |>roc«aure ©f Coiirta «f CJiianoftry, * 

Tht ??«rtlK*iit part* ©f tan* !4«©r«i« of S'wtrisary 10, 19 26, 

*r* as foll»w»t 

*Ax%d the fisujrt b^in,:, ftjlly md'ai'iMA in thf» pr«^i8«», en con- 

• i€lftrfttlo« ta«»r©of, '^fftb ftw:? that the> aalft riefflUi'laiit purohaavd 
for thfK ftiiid J^ocoph F©rr«»tar, 4eae;A»®?l, -auring isl« lif«tlae two 
huft(3r«il fosd twatity-flva (tSi5) eh.-jyjja of th« ca'^ltol stock of 

In !»r>i ration Cori®oiit^.«.t#d Oen0«r Company, wUIc't, the aai-i Jo»«ph 
yorr«ist«*r fully oail forj that th'» •fiM ^flf«r-'.«Rt fficai'»ot(*,^ ?^It1. 
4onf^a OR eaiA ^itook tc •««hich tht aal4 -osoph .Forrswt<»3P fa» en- 
titled; Uxikt thfl, iSefwi'iflirn, swl'»eqym,:tiy aol.^ f>f.4;i Btoek; that l» 
■t'lilttioB th*<r«tft thtt -lof «ri'-Var.t tmd %hi» »\m of Thi rty-two Hundrod 
Two Dollar* rm^ 8lxty-twt ce::ta ( "JSSOa.St) bPlon^iln«f to tho aaid 
JoBooh Forro»t«r; that tr.«re i» rj©w -tn* to the said coisplulR^nt 
fcf ?»rir.«ioal so ixi* frof?; tn«» baI^'- f?<ff #« 'is"^: to th« wai?* Jceoi^ 
yoiT*»«t«r in hi® Ilftttir^o OR a,ocormt ©f ».<*id 6son«3r, ahar-yo of 

• took imA ■■ilyfl6«Xi4u, t«fe?fitu*^v Kd t?i IntGreet to th« Third i«i ' of 
f<»tiru»ry, A. D, 1QS6, t.i« total «<*& of Thirtewj Thouoand Pour 
lfund[sr*d i'our Doliorw 5*j.d ,»l>.ty-oi;-.© eojita { Jl."^,404.ol) ♦ 

••It i» thw«fora h«raby ordorod, adju^gsd ar-d 4e«r«ed th»t 
tM« said d«f«9j.e1a*it, Gh^triw>s *., Adlat, do forthwith pay to the. 
«ai«J osisplalnsknt bortiua £. J^orroetor »• Ad«lnlotratrijt of th» 
••tat* of JooapH F«rr«Bt«r, do««a»«d, th* said aus of TlilrtawB 



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toff^th^r with t.h<* crtwTsIf^f-lEwnt 'o oe«tii of Bislt iiwr«lnj that tk* •mldl 
eo»l>l«.l«''iist hftTW #3r,iie>»tlon thwr^for a« ti^on a jtiij^iw-it at law; 
ftiifl th»t th# eoRT^lfilns.Bt havflt swah eth'«r ro;r.<»-1l8a i'or the ^xiform- 
B»«nt of th« ?i#cp«© h«r«i« tm*-. I» ««fe^a« ilj« pmymmit of th-f- ««idl 
non«*y a* p«rt*!i«9 to t^* i^raieti«« ^mi j»roo«d^r« of oo«rt» of 
eJx!Mie«ry, * 

Xh«r« is fi© atilJst^iBiiftl 4l8pttt« 1jat*©«>n couysa*-! for 
tli« di«f«ndiurit mtd c0u»«a3. ^or tha aeMplm.i»ant In r^ijarl to lh« g«n- 
•r«l rta«» of i^Xeadine a#^li«Al;^X« to ike oi.iise. 

jJ&umiBfil f&v th^ aozepl^«liaa«t sittliitiilii thtit "in t^ttlOK 
tti» •ufftolftiic.v of a Mli »ft«r i» 4ecr#« p^ x^ , mMt«t , m9<3t all antter* 

tamk« aior* d«fi&ltet s»}4 laany that aovtid b^ r««stcli«r3 1»y le^t^tftrnl ^i«* 
ffiurr®r »?« r#gar?Ji»«l »» w«.lv«4, ssfi'? th» nott lib@r»I rule ©f con- 
ttruetlftB l» «4«tt«t? in.fia-wsjr »)j' -til* tsomplalwyaat fsBd <?v«ry iiit«n4« 
»«nt i« "»Y»til«4 of that will asak* tlsft »l«&4i»g goo^*" C^wiRftl foy 
tl9i« ^«f»pj.1,iwr)t efin«!«<'l« th(^ o«rr«©tf5»»9 of tJ4«»«« «oisit«nt.io«e, ■&»% eon- 
twrs-l that tiiis»« ruX«ii "ar^'j of «o 5sra«tisa3. :for<s« unl«a» th« all^ga- 
tlons «ir« •tiB.'btgun'ua tar tivsewtlbl** of two i3©rtnt.r\ietion«;* tha.t "It 
is not fto nuah tltat %h# ^111 In th« ln^t<:mi ca»e is «t»i>'big:t«o«it In its 
*ll«g^ktlii9ne, a«ii t>ujki: It iA ls.v«>king its Dsearitial aIX9||«kti«)n« of f)Mit« 
to establish » truttt.** 

Counael for the o«}«a|ilat»aBt fafthsr isaiMiaifi that "wMl« 
« Aeer«« jj^a <?et?ft««i^ eo«aoiua«a m. 4«f«rilai4t oioXy ;*.« te the ffeot* 
»rop«rly <aX9ga4 In th« fetll afid Hftt m to ffier« con«lu«le«i« of law, 
yot h« 1» oonel«d««} as to W»» tai«g@tion« of ultlm<&t« C^9t» whioh 
way oon»iet« a« in tfa« ifistaafit oa8«, of eonclu»lorio of faot Anam 
from the myia^t-.ti^ry fset©." Cottnawi for tho dofwa^iaxit ooBcodod tho 
faniliMT rwlo th*t tfe« ultlra?.t« r-»«t» aiifJ not widftKtlary f seti should 
h% pl»a4od, Twit walutaln that In th« ma« »t hfiv tho Mil of ooBolftint 
Aooo not "allogo owfrioi^in fjtot* tin^«r th* w«ll settlor rul«« of 
»l*«4ing to ftuotatn tlio d«or«>«>«.* 






jl*lfif**«iS? 9$ 






It !• an •iMttntery rul4» thnt a d^er** o«a net b« 
l»rttA44^ thAK th« blllt thflit a eemnlalntint vust reco-vsr on Ui« ««•• 
«<%<!• >>y hl« bill or H« aanwot recover at all. Qro ^orv v. Or«fiai;2;i 

38S 111. 9m, S8S. 

la regar-l to a «tilt In •qtiltj "browght te <ict&blith «a<l 
*nl*«Te« » triiftt, th« gim^ral mi® la that tn« bill niaflt «dl«a« with 
a«rtftinty mi-I <li«tlnetn(it»a »il ths fr*ot» r«ll#d upon t© «>-.«w th« 
er«Atlon «n4 «3El«t(me« of th«» trust. 39 &yol«»p«diia of !««• and Pro* 
e«1ur«, p. 6^. It 1« iii.9G %,h« TtUti ih&t in a »uit as^&lnat » tr>j«t«« 
f^r i&'brAaoh ol' trust tii« l^lll uiuet ^aicge facte showlofi a br*acii er 
▼loXatloA by th« tru«t«« of his trust* or that h« h».« deolinedi or ro*> 
ftt»«d to earry out th« trtjtet aoeor^lng to Ita t»rma» or that he hat 
d«3l»d the truat. M CyelopoSia of i^^av itmd iProooiuro* PP« ^^^^t ^M. 

In ta« eaao of Oroar Y. far^oro Stato J&itfUc &, Tmat c;<i|. , 

8M 111. 454» Ir. diacMeaing th« suffloianoy of Xjin oJIotj^iitlnua in a 

bill to aatabliah and omffire^ a r«!aul ting trust, lh« court aald (p.46A>{ 

*7ht X@Pir la cl«ar that -jsr^&^^ra a rcaulting trust la aought to be 
«atabli«had nni »«farot'! *th« trust nunt be clearly all«g«»d in (,ha 
bill not only In t#r «, but all th« faota lauat bo aat out froaa wnieA 
the trust la clAim<»1 to result; ' ** that th«» itloadar ahould ntmto 
In M» bill th*' «w«elfic fActa oonBtit eting tins anb^t'intial ground* 
work of hie ea»», fon^ not loo»« or p-«»3«»ral oonclu*lona from thoao 
fasts ror «or« oatt«r ©f arifr,'ij»siient ; that th* avf^n-'-'nto ohouli b« 
^osltlTO, Certain and tmasiblgtious." 

In tho oaso at bar, as w« oonatruo th* f»ll»K»tlon» of 

th« bill, no fnots ar# averr^t^ whleh «}xo» th« nature of th<? trust 

botiroon th« •^..ffon^arit amfl lesoi^h Forr«i«t«»r. the tsrsio of the atgraa- 

laant b*two«n tho <t«f«mdaftt auid ?orr*star whloh or«at«d the trust ors 

not ftvorrsa) an^ thtro ar« no faets aXlogod 'aSiloh would ahov tha 

suturo of tha orlginaX transaotlon b^twesn th* <i«f «n lant and yorr#star, 

out of whloh tho trust aroao, Uhetuar tha agr<»«»«at oraatln^, tha 

trust was irrlttan or oral dloca not api>aar fro» tha bill. JKe fasts aro 

allngod fro« whloh raasonably it oan ba datariulnad aa to how tha io- 

fandant h&pnm*^ to hold In hi a yoeaaaaicn, <*a trustos for ^orraatar, 

tha aua of 119,336.40. In eth«r worda, tha bill doas not allage ths 






ft:. 



»'S»'ii5».«l«rr,-. i\* ffil 11 



*ft*» «'*/»« 






•(J,4f^a'-y<' 






«A» «Al' tfl 

■JfH 






f»«l« Burri^isua'ilns th« trwwaction hy vrhioli ih9> tX»,S»a.4<i e«K» Into 
th« rt«f«xiJajat'« i9tt«9SftSfiiea; nor .1®«s th« bill «ai0g» th« terrae m& 
«0fi^ltiftn« on wltlch th» ^efftn^smt h^l'! Iho |lfl,6S«,4d a« tn»»t«*} of 
F©rr«»ter, T>»ii bllX All-^gfrt© that %h« Aefnndimt mekn&vln-h,'M In 
writ trie "w .teh I«i<{[ ossmaat of msofty* ?««<« •t^rotalmtfl to nay to IsleJ • 
?»rr««t#r, Prootumiably tH«»« *li«sf»tl©n8 arw trtt«»«{e4 to mean that 
th# ^•f^n'liajt u©l!::r.owl ;*.ig«A !» wjrltiisg t.h« X'#ceipt; or pooseaalon of 
tfaa «oi-.«y sMJ<! i»rBeiiife4 to pay ihft »o«»5» to torr<»«t©r', j8«t th« 
vrlitOTi lttotrsjM«nt rofovro^ io Ija Um Mil 1;^ not «@t out ifi th« 
bill nor .%tt^i,oh«4 to t)(io bill (4« an «i3di&ibi.t* lior 1^ ib^^ tu\;)ffit.%no« of 
tjfto nirittofi ii3»t]ri.i«t«mt tstinteA in the hill, 1% is »li(?g@4 in th« biXl 
tHat fart or tbo IIS, §36. 40 h»X& in truot h^ th& d«r%ri;i«nt for For- 
rootor ooni»ist«4l of *%hi$ j)roo««di» of »al# of ctsrtalu «har«« of tbo 
•iM»ltiiI stook of e4irtal» eorp orations trA«r«tofojr« hoid in trust" by 
th« <l«f^<4ttat for .y'orreatffir, jKo f%ot» %ti» akll«g«s4 to ©i«»w i»ho laadio 
tho •»!.«, nor to siJiow th»«> jaatur« of i;-i* tnmt for whiGh t,h« dof«n.5ant 
feoX'i th# i»r«c«»€« of th© emit, ftie bill furth<«?r ?*lX«gta that tho 
dofoH'laRt •a8»n»i«>! tf* «»Rd ••<i!! '1«sil with thi^ «ial«? shar«» of stock «bA 
■Minay* of yorrsstfir, ^air^I In nsMOh «1i#allR<f« 'Ji'J i%aic« 1lY«r« <ai.'1 sundry 
•oorat f»r«>fit« wliieh w«r« uKm^wn ts" 2rorr«stor, ^imA tho particular* 
of *hich wo mr^knoim* to th« eassfjjtatjtjaist j •«!tfs>i that it ^otil^ *o ao- 
foar if th«» dafi«n4iMit *Wf>ulA ra»d«r a true wnd coEsplot« aoeoMntln* 
of hie aoto ani tfoalingo with" i'orr«iat«sr •axid with th^ •iittr«%9 of »to«* 
anf! mofioy of forr<«ieter. Ih«r« arc no allw^-itionti tr. the bill, ho*- 
tr^r, wHioh novHA oi-ow tha nature of Ui» trust l«y leJiioh th» <«of«nd» 
aat r«o»iYod tne ^o«ey and obtained the »har«» of stook} and tlkoro 
ar« no aHagatione iron whlc . it woul-l at»poar that th« iofifwtlant wa» 
entity of ft braaoh of trtiot in dfflaiinK with tn« asonoy and tho oharoo 
•f ttoek. fwrthamora, Binoo tho bill io«B wot »tat« tho longth of 
«!■• that tho tmot •»• to ©ontlnuo, roaoonably it aonnot be prootiaod 
that tho dofwjdant has riol'^teMJ hie truot or that h« Is undor a l#«al 
*bllf*tio« to ron-lor on aoec^ntlng to tho eowplainant In roRard to 



r 7.. ,;.,.•■ TTuj^T •;>«!* J iw 



ftmbm'i' 



turn 



0£l *>-tM 



th« trust. Kor»or«r, Rlnce th« MIX «o»« n»t eh«w th&t a dinattnd 
h«s b««n RftiS* on th« d«f©niasit for fai ao« viunt.in^, I'atrXy It oao 

not hn ^TtmrnaHi that the coajpialKiWit im» trsat©^ th« trust »• 
iiavlAt; bottn t«ir]alBn,t«iit. 

With th« exocptlon of suaa phraeee a« **tr«»t«« for 
th« •«id J'<>«<tph Jforr«tst«r, * *to liol«1 in %ru»t I'or th* sjiid Jeseph 
yorrwstsr,* *h«lcl In trwat tey th« «aid «S«J*(Wi4aj;it, Charl«8 4'.. Adait, 
for th* »al<t «ro»«)».li f©yr»»t«jr,* th©r» ar® ae oth«!r allegation* in 
th» Mil that r«»»onably c^uld Is© ©ewetrued ?i8 alleging a tru«t. 
In our opinion th« allogattous tiiat w« hfiVd* Jtift tiuot«<!! art »•?• 
eocQlu«ion<^ of law rb^ not .illeg»4tSon« nt ultlssfit© f:^.ot«i, M-iESGilSS 

ZkJL%A*X\.%J. Ji:m%,M' » ^^ y«'^. . '^^i '«^-*; I^^mK ^. l^oro^a ittl^g Truit 

Co., 140 )?t^. il, 6S». imty.mM.itm ...trtie^ Co.. .?.. .ff.olnmbm>. nm4n9}at 

J5 Hooking •»'. ?^. Of» .. 9S F«ra, fiaiS, (3«»5t| ^« f sm»wc y. ,.M»chRj)ig» & M«tftj.f 
gatlofial Bttn,k of Cit.^g ..of S<ty, '^ork. l*?? Ji. Y, S, 4G3. 49 5. 

In the o&s« of lSJ|EiLJ:a.J.«aaaiM®.linL^ it 

w«« alltg«4 that tii« eosipJateimt d^Jliv®r««l etrt^iiift aeciirivicn to the 
<!«f!!>n4ant <*• tr\ji»t«« «ji4 donsoaitofy, te hald s*iia therwafter dltitrl- 
but« AS jireot«d ^an*! autJiorlaed hy th« eoBsplalKarit; Uiat tho d«f«»i«j« 
ant rocetvftd tiio ii«ouritloe and aeeo^tod ti%« trunt; that th« defon?!- 
•nt Tiol»ie4 tii« rights of t*i« co»|»l.aln.qjnt and violated it« ■.hjti«t 
ao tru«t«» to th« coflspl^i«»Bt, Tks? court «ai4 (?>;>• Qlt **)* 

•How tha ii»©«rltl«se is«r« iSliSpoee't oJt*, vh«th»r by •«!« or 
dlotrlbutton, wh%t oosei?! aintjit 's wisii^ri? or ?lrsction« w«r«, or 
in vhat particular nie rit.iita ha4 boon rlolated, do^o not ap» 
|io«r. *»♦ A court of e'owlty d«?M'btl««» has ploitRry T»ow«r to 
d#t«»r»lr5P the rlKat* ^^i^ 1 l!3i'billti«B aridliig b^twoMi a tru»t«« 
«n^ th# bw«f I claries of s tnat. It la evM^rt^ howorer, tJiat 
tho goneral «ll«rgntlon of trwst or tru8t««»hlp, together with 
tho ob,^«ct an«1 ournoa*! of Itn ©r*»stlon. Is not hi!»r« 'Uatlnotljr 
or H'jfflclortly av«»rr»<^. It l« T»*>rtln<r'rit to Inoulro. vhat M4 
thft 4«fftR^!(Nnt un-lortalrw to io 6th«r than fceeoi..,e '3<»r>ositary or 
b&ll««? Th» ciharacter oi %h« tru»t, Its «xt«nt or T>umo»<i, 
(Mi'^l whoth#»r In wrJtinfj or TRy nnrnl , l« not 5l«clo»«fi, Th* oooob- 
tlAl «l«i8«nts of a trtitst, vlis., ft b'-n-f l<jl»ry, ft tr-j«t«« otnor 
th«i tho bsri^fljilary, th« 9!jl\1«ot-Bi»tt«r of th«i tmat r«l«tloc«, 
and aurrondor of t'nn property and tran<sf«r of tho tltie to tho 
tr«ict«o, aro not woU pioado^,' 















i ,i T' 



.-■XiT 



In the oase ef 4]Lgjyi?^le£-V.._.n,4g,Uty Tru st vo,. »vsp r%r 
th« eeurt tsalfl (^ 794): 

faet. t!a« fact of wh«th«r tarn truet le ;^-. «)xpr«»8» or ooaitywe- 
tl"v« trust, ttfiti, if til** l%ttiT, t}i« f icts out of 9hioh th» lia*. 
pliGtttion of a truct !»rls(»8 should be »tate<l.** 

In thm ««»« of Metro, '.Tfftlit^ X ^^^l^ .Q.<^.«, -?::.*„ ,. CCjl r^)!al; t_i^|y 

S»n.itj»ky '% ,i{oc;k.i]P. , g .H«d,\ai;!;fl!.fi4...po «,^., &\t.ftjr^B,j^ th© court »tat«a (t»«69?): 

"It i» «;*1.'» thst %h» «iT«3P»«»Bt thfltt Jieherst v»ae & %r»nt(^i> In 
hol4lni^? th«s l«»gal titl* Isr th<» nv«>res'*nt of a i#iKi*3.^ oor.o3.u«ton. 
I thlflk th'st.t tM« o1b,i*s>ctlo« ie isf®!! tsiien, Ta* 'bill Iw in t/.-io 
aari«ot am -iction t6 <i«sclf4re ■'ini wr.foroe »» tnjst, wH'l th?* f'iote 
tiT»on '^'ilc'-. th» ?%l-lr(g«d tmjet Is ntssftrtnd, «f;a«th«r by rcaae?-^ of 
an ffypr*»« 4«oIf»,r»tteK &r l>:y etreuj^iisitarsoos, should be »*t forth." 

In th^ c.M« of M2M31f^tiJlliIa:li£lJu^^ 

Bank gf t hg Cl t.v.ftf 3i««if .;y.g>rk. ,»aj?m. th« foIloi?kig t^^tiTt^.mt was h®ld 

to lie a Qonoiualon of law (p, 4«5)! 

"Ihat tii» tnter««t of th* s-st .t-'^ of auos;** ^iiila*?;*, i1«« 
0<l«««4« in tk« i'.. ««».:««.• i e« ' iiSi^iiK.^ lay the ter;* of t<.i« v^iriouB 
a|{jr««i4ei,t« of aofiutsltteii and c©r<9<-lid»tion, tsfaa received by 
tiie u«cfcanlc»' BMsis. of %hm City of Jbfliw York, awd, throuK'^ th« other 
l>r«dec«»a<jr« of <Sef«iidtmi, lt?y <l«f*md»nt Ife tii« oapsclty of oc 
*<?<»«. t, trtistftft, ®r f 44'4© iary. •* 

Ik th« o!*i?» (&t tar the d.«er««« fJirf? te-^Bed on tht thoory 
th«,t a trust r«l»l: !en«»fcl|> exlatwd 'b*?twe«K . u« <Jtfen'!art aRi^ Morris- 
t«r. Irs omr opinion the allegation* of th« teill of ooaaplalist wr* 
not stjffleleKt to justify thff ^l^er^^w. 

for th«» r*«.B«»® that «<» hnv* st«5it*^ tii** ^oor»f»« of 
th» Ch«W!C9ll©r *»r* r<»v«r9«'! .an-? th" eau®* r^tssiuM^rt^, 



U^Sxirttlj, ?, J,, anti teatOiiett, T» , concrnr. 



I'^wm^^-^.iM-'^ t>iM3u^.jy^:^iiu 






■'U 












msiQZFAX COOK? cor CEICaOO* 



244 I.A. 626^ 

m* imn& J0»rsft» mi,i¥>&»iaj tm t^pxxim o.f tSE goojit. 



d^faiutimtt I'Tom & iucgm^at «a th^ verdict of jh jury in i^li« atUM 
•f ISOG ia «m a<{tlOfi I>r0us2%t li;^ Aaron Kttlm» the plaiintifr, to 
rceover the eo«t of r«p Iriai? &a s«tH2>a©bll«# whioli* tlw plAlntlff 
ftXleS«jB> «fts o^acd i&y him anil ^hleh i»» all«$«» Yr«%« dsnEs&scKS la « 

Xa Its slfiistTlt of Merita %hM dt^'f^adisAt @.T«srr«d 
•peslflef^Xl^r t;ii!it titaLt i^X'^latiff wa« aot th^ ownor of tlM nutosoblXe* 

^iQe«s «« ,*<ur«) 0f i^hi!? opifiloK that t^ pr«jpaad.&r&ne4! o.f tlu 
•Ti^ieav* ehowoi tla^t tl(« plAistift «?a«i net the owa^^r «f t]a« &utonot»lX«» 
it viXX not 19)« »ec9a%-3.i;aqr to st«s-t« or to (ilii@tt«<s tlt« eTlci^aoo in 
reXfttion to th@ ^tt««itl»8 of )3«gXigffins«s. 

At th« tlao of the %Qiiid&n% tl\^ -^lUtoaaoblXe %hieh lo 
«Xlog«<S to hare boea owaod ¥;r tho pXalatlff » ^^.a c<rlY«rm by a 
ohttuf rear aaaMid X^alght Bealehi «u:(4 the oecupimte of tho ntuteaoblXo 
voro CorX ^slX* th« ttoa^laoXttiv of the plalatlff* ftnd <olX*« »lfo* 
tho daughtor of tho pX^lablff • WelX nad hl& wife hAd goao to tho 
themtro la tho matoauiblXo* ft^r tholr r9fctijra tT(m th« thoctro* 
the ohaaffoar took %h^ auroo»ald to hor h«ao la the «UitoaoblXo« 
^iMa the ohaaffoar vaa returalag froa tho hoae of the aarsoaald 
oa hie wajr to tho ipiLr«igo the ((.oolaeat oeouarrod* ¥he otato 



!!«««»• for tfe« «««to»i»t»ile ««• In the niune ©f atn, tji» r«9«iir» 
w«r« j»i«s for by ®oil* Bo bill fos r«psilr« ^a» orer r«Bder«d 
to thft pladatiff . loiadoli Wstifi^il th.^t. ket ««e iiiri»« by tho 
ple^lntlff to work for hXm, an«S th&t %tX aaiS his wif« war© i»rfe«oiit 
At the tino. Bowlih «l90 t®»tlfi«4 tl»it at this tiso tho plaintiff 
hired Ma, tho plaintiff «%▼» liijo '♦tho 3c«y«* «us4 %&M him tho 
t^^utoittobilo v»8 0h% th« ."illard Oi&i,rJ<:Mie* 

S. T. ftaXoht %hm 6ylv«y of tho d«f««^aat»» »tttOttobilo» 
toeiilfife^ th,'s.t «f t«r tho ooliifsiow he '?is,iE®<8 Bwjwioh for tho nam) 
of the o^smor of tho -mwao'felXo thet^ J«»i»h was drlTlag^ nnrt th»t 
Bo»il«h garo hi« th«s mmm^ v-eii, i^o hii» t«8itigoiijf S<?ffii«h adaitted 
thet ho tol4 w tilth th©.t Woll w%» th® mutjt of the e;)jito«ol>ll«. 
^awsro io no t^Mttmmy vth/i&t^^v «f» t^ who |«li Besiloh for hln ser- 
Tiooo* fh« pl&ltttlff ^Id not tstBtify* H$ itus in '^ornaay At tho 
tliao of tho tri«l* 

Counsol for tho flmintlff oontoM that the ^sTt^enoo it 
ottffiolont to she« thnt the plaintiff •»a^ fiihar th« ovaor of tho 
.<f.utoaebllo ox* ir«ii » hstiloa l^^fully in .po^a^o^^lon of th« dutonohlltf* 
to 00 not think th>>t «.lth«r soatentioa la eory«ot« Aa wo int?*»jwrot 
tho rridenotv tho flivintiff «n» aolthor tho ownejr of the .^utoiaobtlo 
BOX* A hetllee lAwfnlly in p^mta&elcin &f th<a maitoaobilo. 

S'or t.h« r«r)ia0n« at*t.tf§di the jluHgiB<S9tt is rovtsro*'*^ »ne5 tho 
eaueo ronuhdod* 



%o nroXy, !"« J*» ojOfS M^itohctt* J.t coaonr* 



'«HS!;-? V*' fti»'!fil| '.'.- 



J-^. 



*^ii 



w^i* 



^? 5;-vft «ftilo^!^3:ft-^fiivv' 3f' 



•^JtcoaisM-iSK 



ai 



^IS« 



« ir«a«« 



OF COOK comnf. 



89 6 > 314S0 

HCBlrar £. HICKS, 

AppKlliitfit, 

MeCAilTinr, HARKY a. «LS3UJ.">1R, 

JCJiKJPM ilAQI and WALTitH 1), .M/iRHia, 



fflfi, JT7STICB JtifiKt^TOK T}j?a,iYisfi:r.D 'i'lii* oPiKXOja Qjn tm eouivi, 

frBW a j«f!gBa0nt agaliset hip in art .•cotton of tr«i«p««« on th« Oft»«, 
V»ro«*rht toy hl» a^ali»«t WtlfHtotill 9oo'l», P:-, ^T, fc«C«rthy, Harry :i. 
Al«xani^«r, Jo««t»fe Hi^in ^r^i Wgiit^r I?, JIarri©, th« i«f«rj!li*rtt«, to 
rcoevor ^DRmiimrtt* ftil^^gw*! to toriv l^eer, 8u»t,i!iln«<t *i8 thm r«Bult ef 
wrongful ac?;« ooffialtt^s^ hf r, ;» d.«f«nds«it« in 9iiirtt'»:-u>ta« of an 
unlawful oonepiraoy, 

Ih« 4«fea«!ant H&rrin wtts not aervctd v'ith tumaeni and 
41*1 not «iit«r kl« ajiTxft&rajricj*, fh» s»«« »»roce«d«di only a* to tho 
eth«r d!«f«n.-ilfuits. 

To th» fi#«l»aratioB of th« pliietiff, ao a»»rid«>4, 1.h% 
daferManta t'i\it<l a g«tri«srsa. dwwarrflr, ^li« eeart €.Y«!T-rula« tha 
<la83ttrrer, Qr.'3 th* <J«i"<m'1suRt» S'll«?<l a r?l«» of tij® geri*>ral li»8u« and 
a apcieial plfta. Xh«! pl&iBtlff fli^d a gwnaral d«Kttrr«r to the 
ap#oial plea, fh^. aourt over»rul«d Ui* pi ilntiff^a iea^urrpr to 
tba apAOial t»1«»». Th« platntlJT wl^etft-! to star*"? "bv thw 4*fi!iirrer, 
aW'! tho court "'nt^rad ju-!g»'?Kt In f^rot of th# -f.^funiar.ta. 

The 3«b«t.ar:c*» gf the ««;-:■ «^n<1«d <1«al-trntlo« , aa ctaiad by 

aounaal for tha plitlp-tiff, l«« aa folie*'»: 

■That in "Saoajsls^r, lO*?'?, ftr:d for a long tlaa prior th?r«t©, 
tha Rot«rt K. tUeKs CorperatloB, an XlJLinola corporation, h^vlnf 
a capital «took of ^1( .OCO.CO, of whloh $7,AKj,00 ""tx.* tenua*! and 
Otttat'Ativ^lng, 'vijB «r;^,AK'?d in t-'j<» b'>sjin*»0B of publisrilng a naga* 
«ine whiah had a I'AXe--? ul rculiitlon; that latuiy peraona, firjua /nd 
eornoratlena adv^rtiaed in s<&ld ttfamgu/ina; taut <iAi^ corporation 
dariT»d graat gains tm^', p :of ita fro« tJi« ojtlft of aaid Kftgajflna 
and for ^drer &l«i»»4«nta publlaard ta<«raiii2 that thi» principal 
ylaoa ef buslrioaa of aaid eor->orMtion waa fit 4iouth I'hitley, 
Indiar^a; that aidLd oorpora^tion waa proap^rous «Lnd aolvoKt. 



hflp »««>; 



itiz., 






.i»mf> i> 



•Thtit ths chart .^r of tnk'i aor-s^ratlots proTi<i«d fttr riv« 
dir«otor»; that, th* i^lalrstl ;T o-vnw*! SIX «har«»«», ^-'oCarthy ownwil 
SO •h«ir«B, Ai.«XHri?$^r owniKl 61 nUarftw atul J«»jsapii .ijign o*n;-ei 9(.: 
•lx»r#« of tti» e«»lt8iJ. «tock, iwi'l timt all of naif' stociChol.-'tra 
w«r« !Slr«ot©re; that nialntlff was the preaMont, Hb^ th* vlc«- 
19r««l<S«nt suad Alexwa.ler the trsaturerj that plalntirf v»8 ta* 
•<flter of «9iil MAgaate© and ®ak«Hg«r of the' fcuain«ra» of th« 
•orporjitioR «i/id hshd uxoluul"?® chaxg© of *»li ©f it» rii'fjara* 
that hlB aalstry i'oar X9Sa and 1922 waa fix«d at th® aua of * 

"thmi, 8«,td Aiettartliy had Ijcan tlift »ecr«ti!*r.y oi' nuid oor?>or* 
tlon; that In aimrch, 192;'*, hp r^atgni?'! ;ivr «ucj.j. seer^tary 'kHd ul« 
r«»ijs«mtlett •^'&» «iOC«ft«!d «4!J:i tu«r«upa»i a«s B#aa«d to act as suah 
•••r«t«ry; \,h»t s«iid Al^x^uMl^r h^di b^eri ^s&ployed toy sjiid c-erroMM 
tto« «iv1 h«fe4 worked uii«iJer tm '.Ureetiow oi" ttte pl-jantiTf ; that 
In June, IStl?,, wjiild kl^simi'^.^r fj«it tii* s^nid eriployfi«i.t land 
tb«r«uoea ©«a.»«s4 te work for w**!-! cor^oratiafi. 

"that th« t«^riB-, es' offices ©f all of xhn i-ireotey* «ndi oiTi- 
«#rt ffixpir«<i OR the fiy»t Tia®«:d[tty 1« February, i9S2j that n© 
rJir©ct«)f'« or ofrio«r« wort tksis fflls^cted; taat th«y all )i«l((l 
«vtr ^aBtil their eruc©«»Bi©rfii «H©uli 'fe«r •«l«etffi4 iwicl «Ja«\)il'i TvJ--J^*li"yt 

tldn, thftv -Uf! ««>t taK# swsj ^etive p^iVl it) th«i tctmi.Skgm:^i.t of 
the affair* est' ©«ii'i oftrneT-ation, ^yt wit;- thwir con»ftnt the 
plilntlff ha4 «icelMs?We ijh«rf«» thitr^of *nf.* of fill i0«»rRion« -^olnf;- 
buBir#»ii» "^Ith Bifttil 05^ r-*>o ration kn«w that olnlntlff hM long 
Isoon its )f>?«ili«r;t «irj?t g^noral nm')s.t:^T fm4 tha e-1itor of «al4 
»«g««ilKi«, fnfl-l his cRnn^etion 'srlth ©lal'? «orniri*«».tloR was of 0:r<»>at 
▼aiti© to 9iiiir\ cervort^tirsn sk'^ to )ilr:;S«lf; that all »n»r»on« <!«iftl» 
Ing with 111.1 •', 00 *•"»«> ration tr-^R*m«jt«?.'1 thair >)u«in»»«s with oIm-Ib- 
tiff, «na all r«Eltt%n<;««t» w<^re KfJM!*^ to Sfti^ c©v,»ora,tlori at 
South ■W}iltl«y, an.-^ w®r« flwv"»«S5it«fJ in h'^nk^ th^ye, an-l 13.ll of 
Its bn»tK«»8 wa« tr^iS'set'sr* mni fill of it» "booMn cJ' account 
r«l«»t.lRg to Its »«id l>«ain<?8« w^sre k-'mt at TioutU trjilti^y; that 
Bon« of the ^^ef&hdfirXt, ojtoept Al«3ta«?i®«, at m^y tiisao h.«td any- 
thing to Ic ^slt;::; tho stanag-ss'^aili of aalrl iusinaos ani noR** of 
th«K *«• Jorjowr. in comitotion tii«rewith. 

*T:iat In ItovflsBiber, 19:?»» tas defwviaivt iiarrie, through th« 
• ffcrto of 8*1'! Wooiis Wid AlftJWMssSor, fwrcuised <«lev«r. shares of 
tho stock avi.f'A by Al^a£s*riier, not for m- lnva«tiai«Mt, but for 
•pociiliAti-rft pur!,>o»©», »n.i «it-j, a view to »«liinfc' inn »*«i«» t© 
pl&intiff at a prie« 1ft «xe«8« of the a&ourit a« pr1<! therefor 
jiursfi lr« «>:o(^08 of itss valu«; tuat «*ll oi' tii« rf©f«udarutt iror« 
<il«tlrous of 8(*llina th«ir stook; tU^t th(»>re ■»«» no miurkot 
thar^for and ttoey rffitju«»»t®4 piaiiiiiff to pure..;*** the •«»« wid 
h« r«fu»«4 to <lc bo; that tri^rstipon dof i5i;f1at*t» k«uftrttiy, 
Aloxarfi*or aiia Hogn «®jploy#>?1 th» dftfaridswat WoofU, v'ho wa« a 
iHwy^r oraetl<&ing In CHiiof**;;^ m>d hnA be«n .•.'*n.J wjao t?i»n aating 
•• attorney f^r a p«r»ci- -^Uo wae plaintiff In oortaln stiita 
asalnnt oaid ooryioratlon, to *«»i»t thcnt la Baiinu such oale ta 
ylalotlff. 

•That b«for» h* was ro^ovad 'ib pr*si'1«nt of 0*1'^ oorpora- 
tlon a* h*r«lnaft^r h11b«?«^. t'i« TJlaintlfr «« nuo.-i pr*»alflont 
•allM a «iB*cija B«»«*tlng of th« «tnokholi1«r« to l>f> h-1^ on 
Xf9t>tibnr SO, It^r;, fcr tVn? pumas'? of *l«'otlnK 'Ur«otora to 
•vooaail thoK* whooa t«r?t;» of offie« h»A wx^irod »n^ t:non« wh« 
hat! bi»co»» !llaqualif1.»d, 

•tmat th« -iftfsrsfliintP f rauV.il «• tly an' irloke-Uy eorioolr^d 
an<J oonelulo^ to«;«th»r 'cr t"ii<^ puTOs*» oT oooroir*;': or in4u.slng 
tha ipl^lntlff, agtiinist nl* '»13.I, <p n«rc!*«« ««ld etoak go 
evD«<l Vy thOM at « •pHca T'5irg*»ly In «xo«««* "' *>"» notnal ^alua 



»« 



?r T'}f^ 



«K.;>:-TvJ': 



:»•*- 



■ ft 

■■X 



?>«•?; ^ 



th«r«of; that in p-ir«Tjans« ®f «\J«^^ e«-!»i9-:?lr%oy naid (?eI>n<Jai5t« 
ealleSottsly, -^iirally sTi=.;f •vrasgl'tilly eo!!.-.al tt.*»-1 the follo«iBf. 

•(1) i:-i9y %^T»f^^ 'With ««MBM otJi«? that nattber wotjl^S 
•«11 his steek K^ltheat tae <K>i386r.t of th® o^ers ;*■* thmt j^ll 
©f It EhS'ii^ l9«f^ -^^^osltisi with Wa4 h^li hy ^uda ®i«bj[<jet to 
th^'lr Jlclnt sr<!«r, ai^--^ thnt nslirmt ^soml'l »©X1 kls ©tsek t« 
plaintiff t»j.l«s» plaljittff p*dtre?i?*s»4 tli« st&cx »l" tha etH«r»; 
that the thr©*? a*l>r«:1arit8 »&© soKstl tut«ij a majority oX' tke 
b«ar-tS of dir<?!Qvor» of taicS «©ri>#ratia», «ouid assuisae oontrel oi" 
it* affairs .«4fe4 etjst plal»tii'f i'r&m tiie iai*JKsa^«Kisa t tls«r®<»f, 
notify all <ws|>i$y«a», er©4i1>;?rs9 teaj>.k» nxvi stheir iJ^riSfinB ds^ai- 
Ifli^; ^'It.fe. sai4 aortsoratioa f^f sa«a ^*^gas In tt« sa«ijii&K;«!£-^.»tit» 
ftE-:? etii.«r»igift Interfere -rita tlie affairs ef sai-:! cft?por&tloB 
aii4 t«x nsid harraas .^Isilritifi' so that he woul! tnereby t« 
oeereeii andl it»du«ad, to pareii^iss. galei atsek of t.i« d«feniiants, 
aR<f th&t tStfty at es^e «")Gt*r«d u^k. the ^^rfer&tsjae*! of said 
«i;r«eBer^t. 

*(H) Tiiey 4«.iiTsr#d a«*i4 &%o&k to taid Woo4o and fee r«» 
ti%l&«d poE»»sseiein thereof , 

"(3) «6Cartl3.y &»«>^e1 ths ©ff.l«s<j ©f seorRtary ••aijd »ete4 
&» «««h; th« <!«fftf. ^arts? ■«h© w<«*x© director a sjisd ofJ'ioers of said 
oor»M>r»tior« c%ll«?^ ae0tiLKf,s tji" t«-# llrectoi's -»■■! stt «ucii ra^st- 
ln^« th«y reKoved platetlff as pr&slA^f^t, »slec!t«<1 ilarrle a di- 
r«iiet?>r, «®|>l«y«d "fooAs as s.tt!&rji«y for »ai^1 e«ir:ier%tloK, ««- 
tftbllahed the ©ffio* ©f th«* e^rnoratiem a-t '??094e« ©fi'ice, 4e- 
A^i4«d of rtl^siRtiff t^%t h# s»ry««5;!#r to thsrs all the r«eorf!8 
im* b©*»k« 0f tts«! e©r.:'»}r«ttlois, r«:l«e»*5 th»? salary of ?ii!*i.ai tiff 
me r^itoT Qi' ».*!'« sagaxin© to SlKXSO far 19'*'?, sftf^r his aer- 
▼Icee ha^ fe«>«« r^ri;!«re'i, '}ire0A^4 Umt tSii?* ^sfetsrs of »al « sor- 
uoratiijn b« ri^txfin4 to jKr\k^ i*ayss«Bt to th^^s- at sal-! n«v ©fflc«, 
th«fct Jiil b^ks ."it Sftwt>; Whitley m^ %11 ©sjploy^ee aB-^ eth#r iper- 
»o«ffi 's'ho 1x^.1? Afitn.1%. vltJi sal'? ©arisoratlan b* Kocifl«*.i of th*^ dald 
acts of the ■^ir«ctnr«; mr.f« l» ^X Tem%^t» JsaiA -tJei'pndactfi «xer- 
eiB«a ex«l\JEl^<■« cijntrc'l sr4 ®s«;3Ji^sj-:i*int of th« aff;»tr« of «5ii.ia 
Wtrporatlors; »n-\ feiistt they ssb^ ©r cau®**^:^ t® l»« »«Kt sail th« 
ttotic«s alee-^e sss*^ritlon®'t. 

•(4) Ai'tn--r ta«r^ race-iriia K«tle« »*' tats .5j|?B«lal »i»«tlKg of 
th« 8teekiioll«r» cali*j^ b^ yie i?lrviatlff a« %for««Ai4» tke a«- 
f«s4«ist« kc'Jaytiiv, j:il«3Est53 4#r» ^ua,|pi «id '^qoA9 wltu the Jcfes^lesfg* 
Ma4 a^provsa ef «ai<il liajrris -^jre-^sT©'! ^fid JMled » till io th« 
CI resit e$ui"t ©f Cook cowni':?', tn ^iileii feeC«u:tl^» AlexaB<*er, 

aoted as tfaatir soiiaitor, aii^ %he pluitiHn' mi\ ale ©road** w«r« 
RWB.«4 as <i»fei*da t«; tiiat ^ald bill wa» verified by tite affida- 
vit ©f Alsxai-if''«if, aK<3 therein it wa* falssly aiiej:;e.i that th« 
plaintiff h-^d. In aany r9e?i««t« -fetaiXed t.:er«la, »lBu»»&e4 th» 
bt»«ln««» of the CO mora t Ion; had s«»ir«rtsd its fujii« to hie owa 
«••; tfaat h€ -sfaa Indfffotrd to it ir. th« e«» of |50i^; tii*t «ft«r 
hi» rsMSTftl aa ^resideit h«» fURi^ c&Rtinvi9<! to a«t »• eiich; tiiat 
th« Botl«* ef th* apftsiaJ ^«*ttn,i oi" stockiioller* wae wltacut 
©fi'lelal »«&otloB 3n<5 coul-:! not lawfaiiy b« h«»lfi: tnat If th« 
A'^etlsg )rtioTa-t lae h«l i tu© ^l^lctlff »oul i r««aove »n4 o^-cr^te 
fta^ f!l«slnat« th« fuft^s o? the oor -oratiofi; that h« had r«iiOT*d 
«aiJ i«er«tci| th« books, r*oord«, prop'^rty -u-i affnlr* of «aid 
eor'^ratloa; that ¥|r r.>a«^n tV'*T**>f ?>.« prcpcrty, i>o«^«r5 mi<S 
right* of nMrf eort>©r«tloa "^wr* in f»iuj««»r of r!«otnsctlon an*! 
irr«?ara>l« lo»« wotil'^ r«ault to oeKplaij. «-:t» wad oo«plRln.*AntB 
l>ray«4 for an iii^unctloi?^ ©tc. 



Tc*"?'?^-''? 



•(6) the eofi*plalji<4«t» iu gsdi^ bill 6l>tal»e^ a& inJvHJotioB 
as tii«r«ifi pra^«<i, without notice te u%e dnfturifrnxs^ Uier«ii*, re- 

l&g the piAiBiiff fram inteyferiaf wiiu th« ifean>$ft'gm«5i.i of th« 
bttslBess ©f tfj« corpora tlujj, «l.«5., and aaviean it t« be s«inr<r<l 
OD Va© fiefeii laists Rsii;i«i<? iw ths Mil. 

*(<&) 'fii» 4«feEfiaj^t Slmx-yie, with the ijttoKfls--5g«, arspre-ral 
ftB^ «9i2«imt Qi' tli« eUier diifeK-Jaajte herein, caase^cs %& be.pr** 
l>ar«4 SB-:! n.l<?4 in sal^ e;*iis« an iiitervjsr.tng i^etiiJor) s^^aiRst 
all of the i^atrti** te tiie ©rigisva felil, «!Ja<^reiii it wa» I'alsi^Iy 
•llegeA that ths plalntliT UnA h*^*m gtiilty of 8sief«&r!»g<s5c«it, 
dlsbor>«»«ty aua^l cs«srr»|itieK, stifesimHlaliy as oiiarg«<1 In aalA 
erlglBftl Mil, *fef-! 0rijy«jf* for th^ i£Sf5©l?3tfti«»r?t of % receiver 
«s^ tfeat the affairs ©J* tli« eertjam-tloi; \>m woisru! «y as*! tk« 
««T|?oratle» ?»i8*rjlr«»1. 

%h« 5Wiew«r 0f fc-- cCsiJPthy , Alexan !«?, Hags a«<! «»ld ftort^ftratioR to 
sal si let^rw^-rilsfj petltior*, Ib -aS'I \y t?>iis'a answ«y It vjus aietlt- 
ted that alj of thp ?sllf!gt->,tion» ef «ai-t p/stitlon "Sferft trae and 
ih«t a r«ee1lv«r ahotjl-J b« apif»«irit»?'T^ for tU*; aor;>eratie& and lt« 

*It ts furtf;er all«,g»^ in aal-'S. ^jB.^eied cleci^rr9.tioi3 tbat all 
of itata !3il*»g£fi,tio©s smde In n%i'\ bill »fi4 petition w«t« f*il9« «Eld 
that th« <|«fe5,>i»iit» XR»i8r tn^a te fee faiae; tit&t "flfooflo ay«ste»fi»tl 
to "be *ctifig la tiie liit^^y^ffits of aa<ii! isor 4>rati«G , 's^ni^reas Ic fi.t,ct 
h« repr#ssr,ted etjiy ssii-:! .t:.ei^%«'iuy, #4i#. -iyriier and uiagn; that said 
bill, affidavit, petition suid mummF were x'ilsd arid s&id injuca- 
lion wfbS procur^ii ror %h^= parpo ^^ ©3" sRabXliij,; i-oCarthy to conticiM 
to a-ct -iS «««ir#tf4Jfjr, iiii-i ^eUartiiy, Ale^ejuv-'er, Hjtjjn rifiA hUrtriB to 
eoaiiau^ te &«t &« iU'^efeon* a»d ofrigere of «»irl cor->oratioE, oo 
that thay Bii^at <l«stroy it isii4 IspiSiir Ui« irtve©t.*<j«t oi' the plain- 
tiff In its stock afi3 soraiitwe' to l:»^ap»«» fjuid vex ftia in tUs s^^i^ior 
aforeftai^, toid th«r«"by e^ere« taj>-^ in-iaeo nim to -itirca&ee i^o.»al4 
•took ewB«4 ¥y def«>nfJaiil; -Uiat- th« »ai^? act* of d«f«fr4anta-€auo«d 
eofifitsion In tia« a.ff)iiTS of sni'S sorperaiioB, its esjpioye«« «ar« 
haBi|>erod Ir. th« discharge ©f thftir .'ttti^**, pftrmms ^5f»aliKg with 
th« cortjorstlftB were tjpj®re1i»y ai£irioy«4 mid aatd cof>fOratioB theraby 
•uff^rad great ^oso Ik its v,^j;siiri,ss?sj that 8ni'l cau»® traa r*f*?rr«d 
to a jfa-ri^t^r i« Ch.?i-rs««sry and «Ti;l©Ko« traa introtiuced by ttie pi«rti«». 

•It is further ssX2.s«4 in nnl^l '.<^-mi^«4 ^«cl%ratiofi that all 
of 8^-5 acta of Vne slefwiarit* -^era oomBsitttfd Ic furta^ranoa of 
•aid -^ronffal eoKB??ir»cw aii'i agrt^^s^-nt, that %e th# reetilt of oald 
acts of tli«* i<»f ?tP'^ftj?ts 'sai4 plaintiff was cos,p © i. 1 i"< to •m'* -fia 
»«r«ha»e aail stoek arsi? oai4 S75?:<; for sstoek of th« faea Taluo of 
llOlO; that th»r«uf»on R»J.a ^Ufmi-Hmtn ceas4Hl ftjrta^r to proeaoato 
•aid bill and i»t«rv*'iRiBg ij^titie^n ivr.'^ that Uisy *or« both «ll»- 
iBl«»«4 for w*nt ©f eqtjity -y^^i the -Sef #E'!atstfj th»tr#wooii caaood to 
aeney and tox th© olalritlff, 

•Tfiat by saana of whleh a«v«»rtt3 o~««ii»«« t^»« pls-intlff kaa 
^••n lBjttr«<1 nn-^ h%« SMStslxi^?! •1aE5Ms«»i«, tJt« baein^or and eradlt 
ef the oonioratlon «a« ijapaira,4 an^ tl»«sraby iplatatiff •ustaiB*^ 
<tasage« an a a.,ockhol^ar »nfi. aa aJj offiisar ar«!l «flEpIayee of said 
^roorations to thw dtfcsag© of th« »* lite tiff la %he< otai af 

t3u» opaoi^ 9l«ra of tiio 4af«r<4antB ia %9 follows: 

*im4 for a fariaar nlaa t« t?ii» banalf the ?!«fonaatit«, 
Waigjtitotill *oo*.B, £,. J. eCUiTtfiy, Harry ii, Aioxafiior and Jo»e|di 
Magn, aay the pl*ii»tiff ougit not to Uito iiiu aforooaid mstioa 



a^ 



■ nXiii^iS::^ 



ftiiir 



^i 



He-: : 



th«y H«y, that *. "iS 8fl*'*4»ral aarmeae'! ciiuss»h of Miction &en%1.oB«d 

^6charg«4 l&y the <3«^eir9e In sai-? iBj\as{?tto« rait, fis^^tiaB^iJ l» 
•ai-'! 4ft«l^r«tl(»i, -w-iiea d«9©r«:e provided that all ijti4 «v«ry lia- 
bility u»0B tiae Ifijuii^tlen isond glT^ts in auli ijaJuR<jtio» suit 

that tie hm^a ^proved Sesember 50, 19^2, ■&« eii«e«*,l.l«»(;$ aHt! all 
li&1>lll%l«» t!ier«wi.;t«]r "bm (ii^Gtimx^^l* Irs. isyn^jr, Jiaf5.g-«; * a»d 
t&lfi tli« tftid {|«l*«3adfiU'its ar^ rea<iy to verify; 

•Wh^jfefort Ui»y pray jttrliiia'&iit if tae pl.ii.liitifJ' ott^iht to 

It la th« eoat««tl©» ®f goiifsael f©r th« plalutlri' tnat 
th« »iiecial 9i«a of I'tm iaftrndtrnts is Inauff icl«rit Ib that It "pur- 
]^ortt to mtmi^T t'sxe wh^X^ de^laxat l«m, wu^;r«ae it n^p^mrs frets, aa 
inepeotisr: of t-a« pl«a tKat it stt^^ipt* to imawer only orp of tha 
«CT«» oveyt acti ©f th© isfsK last «9is«^lrator», vIk: vh« filtog* 
of tH# MIX, th* i>r«»eiiri»!if ef tJjt la|is»ett©ii and aftueioig tk« in- 
.Itirset lers ts fee 8«rT«ifS;* that *all Uim ©tis^r ^roBgfHl acta of tH« 
daf^adflBie »«% farth Ije th« ieelatrat ion , vis: ths -aTorsji-f^l %gr««- 
sant, th« dftJl^^ry ef th« stosk i« Woor**^ t3i»* »ro«gful aed llleg^ 
aets of tha <f«f««1t!iRtB mm i*5ir«et©r« isadl ©ffio«re, th*t filing of tha 
iatarr^aing ^^titloe «»*! the fllljag ©f the jmawer of tha eorpora* 
tioK to the petitlwa, rtm&Ui imtmtmBV^S.,* 

Counsel for th<^ !lef<«iA8Hata aoiatalB tJiat th« daeiara- 
tiaa of the plaititiff ^So®? j^ot stat® at aaaod of i^etieia; that "tho 
o»ly act, «hi«h wb^^mt may theory, ©said 'km claimed to b« a eaus* of 
aation, waa tha 4»Ju«6tloB pro«o«.dis«;'* aat? that whatavar lisi^teility 
that al^t hat^e raai3lt«4S fro« that ^r©6e«»d[iBg *aa 41 schax-gOiS hy tho 
erdar which, as ailogafl tR the special plea, eancolled tha iBj\inetl&» 
teo»4 a»4 dic^argad "all liabilities thoreundor;* that furtiiwiaora, 
iB no arartt ean tha ^litlntiff pre^arly aontan^ that the iofendanta 
aoBB(itt»4 oairoti wroagfxil aofee, atRosa four of tha »ot» «kllog«< hy 
eewsool far tha plaletiff to fe« wrongfta, n!is:^*fly (a) tho filifi^ of 
tho Mil Ib tha Ifijaaetlon r,roco«?ilng, (h) tho ohtainici; of tha i»» 
Jaaetien, {e) tho filing of tho iKtenrfsolog o^titlon in tho tRJnnctlo* 



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stit«t« f»«»par%t*' fttst* "fctit "»«re »«r»X:f ?i*art8 ©f 03b» aet, namely, the 

«h«tl?- tr th# d«f}X&r«ile» states a eatj«# of ^aetloR, 

hSkif^ irsi^«d! th:at ijaesticse by plefa'Hsag ©v«r aftflrr t-rt«i.r 1egjarr*r te 

<i«umrrgr tc tfe« >i«fi®»-!&nte» gpeotai plea, efitanet b© car3ri«a Ijack t« 
tiie ^ftciaratloE, Is nts^pi^rt ©f his se©t«a!iti«s «s>tjB»ei cite* the 

XSO II J, 256; Stgj^iTjLg T. g^f,^> l?Jf Xll, 540; e» ^,j^g,<-K .v.,. .^<^ F^egJ^ g^ 
lis 111, kpn, 5@S; ¥^# , .Ffg^l t ..,f ♦ l^fej-jl ..g.f . fUI?,fg;vi8oy«jt^„.jl11_ 111 « A'iaj;^ .46 

The Tut?- *t»t«i ■%!? en^rog^l. for tJi« plaiutlff i« Qn<^u«s- 
tlgasii^y corr^et, Btit It is -siso th^ ral«^ tiv^t If tiie -rleolaratioB !• 
so 4«f*8ttv« ^m Ret t^ 8ais|!Hjrt th» ^a4f;ss«int, tl»« {|u«stlor ef th# •tif- 
ficl*«ey ei* the i«reX*T»tl©» H«3r li^ ^^msis^wr^^i. ^-reira !%ft«»r a (1«ifi»jrr#r 
to the dttelarAtleB bas %#«s^ a^ey-ralft^ sr*! t&e ^arty dejsurrlng h«Mi 
i^lftaa*-* ©r«r. ThB, fmf^n^lf v.. .git?.. &f ..airlsg ¥mll«y . 129 111,, 16l», 
l^S; GaX^rer y. thlr^ ;.i>t Ussia Ba?^ 0f Chio^^g. S4 Ul, 5Sa, 53f; 
Sghoft^l<| V. SgttltCT , 3X III, 51 "^j SIS; H6l-g»« V. HeJigog. 143 IH. 
Ap->. 5M, S6C-. 

Beet th« ri«e,iara-t.i©B stais^ a e-^ua« eS" stctlea^ 

C©«B»«1 for th# tJiairittrr states «xf»lioitly in his brUtf 
that, the %ettioii *l8! net for life^l, «or tor aallsi©u« 9re9»«*tioB;* 
that •it Is au aetlea ©» t&c ea»« t© reoor^r lasKatse* »wBtal*»©d by 
tfe« plaintiff as tJae result af wroBgfui acts eo^siittsd 1»y tJis <!•• 
fsKd«Jts in ifurBjauet ef «bi i^lavfta eestfci^mtloB or consrpiracy.* 

Accor^tBg: t© t&e ^#11 9«ttl«4 r»a« (Iiil£*±-li-MEl£X. 
97 Ul, i^a. S03, »}3) tH« »cti«B ©<fttl^ n«t k« «iaint»ljjs4 ^ ths 
fjlaintiff i« hiss o'm fei»>ialf a«%lnist tn« ^sfwa^wsts, »» tli« cro«»d 






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thAt til© i»etB «r th«i i9fm^.im% nma lBjar«d tiie eorrioratltm , t(Bl««« 
the -iireetur* of the cons© ration hs4 r«fuaed te brln($ ac ««%!•&. 

Aa^ ih«r# i« a© a.ll»»ratt®i* in t^ff ■1«»l&FatleB ©f any jn«fe mfitiial 
by thft ^ir^ctoTM, 

elvll »cti«»r; OS' eoRsrsiiraey. th« sentf^lraey «^ itself to^ not e«u- 
»titui« a c^iufte ©1' »etid«; that unless th-a ooGspix-^tors e«;&&lt aet« 
which result in ^«Kag©, so «lvli aaticia »ili lie; tu«t th« gi»t of 
tJae eaue« cl &etl<!K is %hm 4aja«age a«d set tiis e^fispirsMsy. X^r^n^f 
Xi. .^^^fUffl* i'« ^ii. «»^S, il,4; ^asa^y V. I^lttgll. 30S 111. ?51, 
^5*v ^tti'*'> ^. ifr«tBJieab^jg|^. 144 ill. J^p, l.ii3, 107; mart In, t. lgBi..ie. 
»3 111. Aup. 44, 45« 

the pit«s&ism vfuestloB tli«iu to ^0 d«eidi«d 1« vn^-tUer the 
d«elaratlen auLlegws ti^«.^ ie ipsrs'jaJi«« ^f a co»spiraey tiie d«fen*ftnt» 
eQfmlt%««l aay vroaK^dl a«t whlcJi r«s«it»^4 in ^^suige to the plaintiff. 

The e%(j^et of %to« mm9^ir&&j s» slX^ge<l in the •!«clara- 
tlee »as t© ep«re« or tts<*!se« th« frlalotlff agsia«t his will to par- 
ehatee th^. stoeJr of th« ^^efmi^aata *at a i>ris« largely lie excise ef 
tli« aetuDil valu« tu^reof,^ fa© 4«ei*3r%tiofi «ll§g»8 that th«» plain* 
tiff «a» e6£=9ell«4 te pxtr&h%»<^ the stdok, bat t^ declaration io«s 
not *ir«r th*t th# |^ric« t/mt th« |»la,tntliT ptsAd fey the fitoeM rrm.» 
l&r|;«ly in exe*** «f thn SkQUml '-riiliae' el' Ui@ stdisi-, or that It »»a 
in eKe«»8 ef tlie &«tual ■vm.lw oi tii«? »toc^, or tli^at it was n«t the 
aiOtaiU. vala«< ©f tke atock, The ebjeet 01 t,ne eonepiraoy, therefore, 
va» ae& aeco&i^lisaad. 

Xfaift riret sp^^eifle &et@ oi' tk» dcf^nlMnts vhleh «c«n««l 
for tb« flaintiff i^ntonds «r@r« '^^^roQi^fvil acts eoaaittff^ in mtreusno* 
of %h» e&nsplra^ ajr<s ih«! &ete <ill'»g«d in porn^rai;^ (1) of tho 
mwrnmrj of tjao 4eolar«&ti«» msA* by eottiaasl for ta^ olaiutiff ^ azid 
e«t nvt abovo in our opinloK. th^ ^ist of tli« ptiragraTiih is ti:iat tke 
4efen'l«tits ftgrs^d with OAon eta«r to a«ll th«ir stock to th» plaintiff 



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oBlj ae a unit. It is not •SX^%4, h©^«v9r, tji»t the 4lef ««!$»»%• 

•^««sd sritli «sifth eth*r to s«il their stoek t© tha plaiiitiff at a 
prloe in «xse«s of it» 7»a,««, aor ie it alls«a4 u^at tii® d«r«i5j3- 
afits ««re*s4 *ith eaci-j. ot":i«r Umt they ^oald 8«11 tiaeir stock ©aly 
to ts« i»l*tiitiff aa=! net to mnf mtm #1»». tltie siwre agreaBy&Kt on tlM 
9aapt ©r tb« #«fa84ant© to t^ll tlfe*lir etoak a« a wiit «a« not ««law- 
fal. Ifi ©tt? ©»ltilar* the %et« *l.l§g«»4 ijs T>«ar*grapli (X) 6a e^t ce»- 
stlttite mB aetlenal'l© wrong «stfs.iB#t th« iilaiattff, 

The !S«liv«rj sf tis.e stn^k t© Wooao, sts alleged in 
waragrauh ( 2) » Ai?^ not, ir. i^vir vit^tr, aaietartt te «rs 'ietiofcarXr? wrong 
*galB«t tht plaiutiff, 

the asis^sjsptl©!! of tiie efflee of »e«ret;sry by ^eCart)^ 
i&ft«r h« re«lj^«^, &© %3.1egM in ps^ysgra^ (3), ■'soea not c«r««itltut« 
a& auetiOKsfeia ^rdiig Skgalnsst tlte |»l.*.lstifJ', it; our opirlen. Ih« 
d»ol«ratid& decs is^t all<gg# that sl mt^s^nrntT to koc&rth^ trs* erer 
ftp;>«> listed. He -sras »«t tiiarefora umur^lng tlj« fiX;i«e of « isavfttliy 
«l«ete<! «««retary, Furthers© r«, tke ^aeis of th« directors, «• ad- 
l«i;«d ie p&rftgrai^ (•*)» ^J^*? «Jot all^g^?! to hav# ba«R tml^rftal «r 
tt&J»«tifi«<l. ther*! ar* «« «vear»«ata titat tfe,«» r?ir«otar« Kft<^tl»|{» 
v«r« tt&t l^Rfwlly h«l«lj «er that tfeu 4ir«etor« anlfiirfttily <»x«rols«i 
ftxelttslT* oofetrcl ?4»dl »iftr»«HS^> «iGt ef tla.® affairs of th« o«r5&or«ktloD. 

It is 8ont»«!««4 tsy con«#«l l*er tJi« ?>lal»tiff that while 
an ^ct ioae Vy m; la^t^ldiiel sss^ net 1>e upilawfril, yet the 8ijsi«» »et 
»%«« e«weitte4 by a iEK»ig)iin«ti9n of ttt«5ivi''>3alB »ay aonstit.'it* «b 
a«tl«a%fel« wrong. It is %Tvk€ that th«X'« b&js^ b« c»a00 la which th« 
fast 8 wottld Justify t&e spivllcatlon of sraeh a ruin. KwwiP ^, 1, 
SivislQg fio. 24JL . S55 Hi. 213, S23; Franmin On ion w. Yh« P«ottl< . 
2aw ill, 3S5, 376, »77. W« 4o «ot tiiin*;, however, that the act* 
aaieged is the d««laorati-c i« the «a«e at bar are •««!? that, alta»«^ 
act erecgful when done by as in^iriaual, they b«>C(we aotlocable 
wroaga beeaaee of being dene by a eoablnatioB ef iBdlvidu»lB. 



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7h» ail«|?&ti©na in vmrngx^^hm (4), (5), (s) «i<! {7) 

d«9«»i4«iii »ete, as «ea3J«.«l for %u& pXaiJatlfr 09ftt«n;!». lie ©ay 
t1«v. th«»e actis ail relate t© the lnJ^iBts^ioB ^tait tttKl, in ^•ri'eot, 
e9««iitut« suse aet, WhetJs«i* l^^s^ acts <s«nsti ttite sart aatiojaa^^le 

«r&a.g. It 4i? £s«£ neeftftssai^f- t® dl^el-'lfe, ass iii ©tiy opiiji^n, as^Rming 
f©r t&« ffake 9I srgasjfeBt that- th#;f ^«sr« ttni^wfui, the S9(»eiflil plea 

€stmsisl ffts- tSi© til^iiaiiff eettt««l9 ti^,-At it is? not ai- 

iri^«» SB ©"fetaltfiRg the iaiwr*«ti«H, "^^ 4© aftt tliiaak t^i* oontimtioB 
is e©rr«ct. In ®T*r vl^w it »i!^ip*a^s* dlrs&ttj fr&n the r^eitsl ©f 
th* t»ajrt ef tii# ^leaye^, ^fif9%«'d in th9 «s«elai plea, tlial a bosil wae 

Cotiesel for tae pialjitiST rar^;-;.«3r e©at«riit« C;iat the 

l»g, l» a e&BeMjeient ©f irisr. We do net tMlak thai thin contention 
is oerr«et. 1!it« s-j^eial ,fi#a a,9aeifAe*lly muetes 5Ji« 'l©er«e as 
•r4«ri&^ tha.t all iiaMlltie* ijiviar th« feou-n fe« fiigaaargSii. 

y©? tij« s-«*s©ii« st*t«l tii« ju'l^ei-w Qi' ,Mh9 trial dourt 
Is affinsiea. 



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ttiit. 



320 - 31458 

▼• J omcmt Qomt, 



244 I. A. 6 

m* jmtiQK joiflK-'toB muymiiv tss o?ihxo» oy fui comt* 



-^' 



This is an apical by . IXllwe li. sSur<ioek, the plaintiff, 
froK an order disaia^ing an aotiea brought by hin on a proadesory 
Bot« of the defendants on whloh & Jutigtsont by ooafoosioa was 
entered! t mn4 aubsequeatly Taoatod* 

On notion of the dcfendMaits th^s Judfipient y^tta vaeatod. 
the i^laintiff declined to pro^teecJ further in the cmuee nnd the 
eourt disaiseeU the jnctioa* 

2$o bill of exoeption» im,& Ween fil«4 in the Gaueet In 
the record prep«r an affidaYit of the defondoats in oupfort of 
their notion to raeate the Judgnwnt Is uet out, »Xkd also t^vo 
eounter affidaTits of the plaintiff in opposition to the jmotioa* 
i5one of these a-ffldavits ho*«ver, can be eonoidered as they are 
not properly preserTOd for review* they oould be tm&e part of 
the record only by bein<| embodied in a bill of exoeptions* 

I^^mm.j^^.9lAms^91^3LJxjuJ^*> aos lu. App. 471, 4721 

Tinoall r* Chicago i^ »orthy e stern Ky. Co. , 200 1X1. App. 667, 
5d0, 861. 

Furthermore the counter iffioaTlts of the plaintiff , 
whioh controrerted the defense of the ^Ufencants, properly 
could not be considered on t:he defendants* sMtion to Taoate tho 





















r«»iv >«int^»»-ai xl-Jt^^sifetf Sen 

'u>i»iJ»c>efH» i^i»S \,# Xiao in9**t tidi 



,?fa •vi.. .lit uCS ci^r nXH ilt#ift!lC^'a;^y.^,ff|iff|»jfafe iTJ^UMi?: 



-2- 



204 111. 6X0, 8131 Kletp^ay y. Oalxy yu. 177 211. App. 3M, 395. 

In th« iil»s«ttt« of a Mil of ^xcaptiona the queation 
whether tho eaurt eri^eii in raeating 6h« Ju^itgnont e«i.im«t b« 
reTiowed* 

Wo do not think thai %h» oeurt «rr«d In dieniselng 
(lut «^otian af&er %hm plaintiff deolinetS to proeood* §£SSIl'^* 

■twood . soo 111* Apjp. 210, ais. 

for tho r@H«oRa ist&toidi the Judisooat 1» ^ffiximd. 

AWxmmDm 

Ke.ttrely, P* J., tai llftt«ll«t%* J*, eoneuir. 



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372 - n!K>4 



fomr l^4ST2 aaaa ANSA H,AST2. | 

-3 



24 



laH, J^anss somwfm im^Vfrnx:^ tm ^^laim of thk, cotiBi-, 

this ie «jrj -%-i?f»^al tf Tsay FIas*« soi^ imna Pl^ost*. 

th« >1«f<«8":i4ant« for tut ^lX^s%4. T^fnMmX of tk**? i^fsKdants t© ^^erfofa 
th^lr p%rt 9f gi: t?ritt«rj ©©utrast f«r the ?»«rch.a«ft ©I* isrcpsrty 

Th'3 sii^at:a«G« cf. tJie affidavit sf merits ©f the 4t« 
f^n^i&EtB Ifi that ih#y ware tn^ttr;?!'? t© ^s#«>ite the sesntrtiot ihroaijh 
thm fr*uf! of tk« plsiintiff; th&t tJie title to ihe ^rops'rty »^« o«t 
•jsasitjj**^ fey tb$t^ attoyri«yi that s^ clrit*^ was unf a«»t tfj clo»» the 
4»«.lL; th%t *» 8S9r. ii«i th^y feeemss* srrsre «f tfe.« frtMiitaleHt f).ete of 
th# plsitstirr tK«y re«eiK4«4 t;h« eeuirstet ?ttH m^tiflsd th» plain- 
tiff sf th« r*«®l«len; that ^h® .piaiKtifl* hns sagtatn*?! ao ^.ti»atc:«« 
"by r«a«en ef th« all«»gM failare oi' t'as defer-'iaJJtR t© carry eat 
tli« eontr&et. 

fhrcie i^lt8«s««ft t«8tift«4 ob feaJiaif of the sslainttff. 
fh% ^4f«;idantii ifitrodno^A bo *?vi-i©Be« te suppe^'t the all<9g*tioB» 
of their affldlAtrlt of sa<srits» 

Tae Bubstafiftd ©f ta^ ©vt^snos i» that AntJiony Kytyo 
««ted »• ft r**! «8t%t« broker for t?i« plaintiff, ac^ tJiat th« 
?lAi8tlff p«l« hlxB tSOO «8 a ©«jsgj!5is«l©R for procuring the >lef«n')- 
wBts tt« Q^irehnsers; thatt tto« fjlsiintlff an^ th<i jf«f«R'*ant» ««t in 
tSie ©fflee ©f Mytye sm-l «3tere4 Into a «rltt«R eoatract, in *klch 



♦OBJK - sre 



, * # .fii>i :. : •■ •■ ■ ■^^-'-' :■ £% -^peeT 






i«A Iter* vl^*- <»Hi 



th« 'l«feD*!»r>t« »gr««?!! to !»t»r<sh«»«i offrtaiin pr^p^rtj froas the ni&ln- 
tiff J that th« e^ntraot r«Qlt«« th»t th# ^ftfen-lant© hM pal?! ISOO 
aa «am««t Ei©n«y; that st ^ay wsib flx«<S «n vhluh t«> clo»« th« 
iUffiftl; that ti5« plaluttff «n|»l«»ye<!i, ar attarniy fufhit h.(i.A the at*- 
stract of t'h» t>rftT>9Tliiy breiSigM 'lown t«> f^ats* .'»«»? who «x«tt!iin«d th« 
title to thft propisrty at the r^^fquf'wt o-f th« ^l^ffflij-^ant Tony ■^^lAntej 
thttt ire tht Q^ini^n of th« attorney th** tiiXtn was geafs vlth the 
•x.c«ytlon of « ^tt4;gy.eBt »i;ainRt a pM-ty «jf th»» «!■»».« naKs %« the 
plaliitlffj ti'istt <*« to tiiis o^bj^^iiori, th» *l»tf)rR«jr etiit«j4 that it 
eoijld Ta«s o'bvi&t«<l ty atj. affldarlt fey the plaintlfi'j that th® pls.ln» 
tiff iw! th© 4«f«e3ant« maet in the offiee oi' the K,ttorK®y to cen- 
BWB3»at«» th« ««il« ®f th** prr?p«3Pt,y; tJJ.at th« d«f«n'^attt Tony Fiwnts 
l«ft tH« ©ffle*?, st.-itlfig that k« wai* fffelK^j; ©tlw to g#t "the ffjoney* 
fro» •eijiRt ssauj* that h« H'l net rtiure; that sulbae^uently ^^x^n Hn 
was ««J,-®<1 -what h# intftn-t«4 to «1to a%-<>ut th<* (?!«.ftl, hfl stated that h« 
4i<l R«t ear* t© ge threjui*^ <»i,t"h tt. 

1% In «ontff«4«*! fey eeu?/.»«l for the ^ef^rA^wate thftt th« 
Blaintlff *B let's. t#ffi«»ct ©f elalM <*©*« n©t silli^g*^ thnt a. de«d, wat r«A4y 
for *l9liv«ry, ner tJmt th« r>ls.lntiff van r»»fly, a>>X« nn^i willing 
to n«rf©r» hie n.irt ^f the contr*et; an4 ©eims*'! fwrthor eeatenda 
tkat th« «Ytdei'4C» «*««•© not «*^©'«'- ta<*t tmy tm-^nr of perfoi-Mseao* wa,t 
iau4o by th# plftlflitiiT, Kor th<i>.i, the pi'ilntlfl* was r*si:^!y, aMe »rnS 
wllilBfe- to »i«Jt« a 001svft5r.ar.et, 

In OUT opir.lon, ncR$ of tn«»e cci-tentloiisi 1b rour^d, 
Th* »t^tfment tf clalR »ilftgr« In »ff«ot that th« jlof*r:t1ant« v«?)u<ll- 
ttt«4l their c9Btr«et and th«r«fey re«<l«r«(l p-^Tfoi'ftiiinete of th« oontraot 
¥y th*. nl&lBtlff teui?o8»ifel«. Thoso alleifAtlons art »uffUio»t. 13 
Corpu* Juris, pMr^grni^li a4ti , t>. 7S7. iho «vl ?•««• »5iow« that thu 
plaintin* vfts T<?a'hf, a"bl« aun » willing to porfowi hl« pwt •f tho 
••ntraot. *ut thai tk« {lefaM-l^st* ri?fu8<»«S to csriry o«t th»lr T>»rt 
of th« eontr&ot. 






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G9wn»%t Jf'ef tii« .i«f®iV'i«bHt» fxiTth«T ct»(rit«)ti.1» that thn 
n.«n«« of th« nlalntlff m»1 hi» wir# ann^ar tn the bot^y of th* (ton* 
trs,ot, but that th^ otustra^t i« »ig3rj««| ©rXj }>y m^t pljiinUfJ"; iiiftt 
tli« contrftort pTovi?^m tt%ml th« plt^lnili'f atifj kiss wife «^j:#*.<i t© 
oonv«y a ijoel iltl« t© the pwpwtyi titat uftl«ae ihe ^««.di to Ui* 
propferty w»b «x«oyt«4 \)y %h^ wii'« »i' t)*« •plalntirf , it would t)« in- 
• ffaetu«d t<j &ci«v«y tis« iaaofc^ftt* right of fio'rjsr "©f the pXaintirf't 
wife; tH*t elKce the plaiRtifi'^s MJ'e 'Ud i^ei; »ign th« contract^ th« 
plaintifl' woul*? bt untible t® ooKir©^?' a eossplat^ titi* to th* d«i*ffl«da«it» 
th* eont«»tl«»R ©f cGitns^l for ih^. .iftfay; ,l«rit» j?r«Bui»pQC«© 
thftt "bfiewit* ihft wlt'# 9f tiJMft plskiZititf -iiii n&t aign the contraot, 
•hft ^owlS cttt r.lg» th# -*««* ©1* eoBv«yNase« of the i>roT)«>rty, oai'? th»ti^ 
th«raf©r«, fh# tklwlntiff e«>u3,4 n©t r;©n-e'»y a go©^ titlt. Wo i^o B©t 
think thftt t^9 eo)at«iw»tl»ri i« aotind, ©u th« present r«o©j*ff th» cob» 
t]r»©t *»• tjn©w0»tienably hUi^tng. en the T^l'-^iKtiff , «f«« though hit 
trift -^14 n©t eig« It. lJ-«.m|ViL-lAJl2^. 1^''' ^^.l, App, XS-S.lfi'/^lsa. 
A»i w« jfirffi ^f i:i'i« ©piKloR IF'tat, asr^ijiwlriiij for th« ©ak© 
©f ar#;\fi«ffist thj*t by %h€ t^ttm of tJn,^. &>titrik&t th© plfciistifi" »«• 
ofeIlgat©.i! t© t<.iv« the !!S«r!Si»r.Uji.^t» a d«<?d »i^i;i»d fey uie wir©, it aiay 
ke pr^auBied froK tii* svid^n&e thJit hw wotjX<S H*4V« l5e«sr. able u- tJo •©. 
th© ttidfine© bU©-^9 th»,t tb,© -wril© ««» r>T«B»««t &i all ci' th© caceting© 
©f th© parti*©, ImelufliBg tit© ia«©tlBg on t?i«» day wh«st* th© d«©l wa» 
to 1i© ©©».»ttwi?a©t»<i, ^Sh^ only r««t»oria^l« inf«r©ri«Jts, therai'ert, a»© 
that «ai# wa© rearty 4ii?<J willing on h«r j>a»t to flo vhate»©r wa« 
s©©©©aary to eiv# th© 4©f«»'?.iw;te a goed title; an-^ that th© purpos© 
•f te«r 'being pr«s«nt ©k tk<^ <i«y tl8i«* A«nl wa« to b« con«i«mat©d wa© 
t© olj^ th© 4©©a »f nonveysme© oJ" th« nroo^rty jointly with h©r hu©- 

For th».> rn^sijTS ptittfi th« jU'lKta^nt is affinBHiJ, 

AyFimiSD, 



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'!*ft»!?0££ 



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CITY oi' CMK^ASO, a m»Kl«l|>(!a 



COOK COWTY* 



llalHtiff in nrtt^r, 844: I«A« O^' * 



H 



m, JijBtioB i^AtciiSTT MLivimsp mn trnmicm ow mu uourt, 

th« city ©I* Wuiajjig© tt««f'.? ©«t tihi« vrit of »rr«iT i» 
rt'vitw a «i«w«« 9ti%«it«4 \xp9n a "bill for «i) acoouwtljig, 

flio d«or«ei r«elt«s inat th.«i «atis« vsui heArd upon th« 
1»111 of i:@»9lftlnt wa4 thft a»»w«$r of Ui«» d^i'nminxn, iJity of Ghioanio, 
«• a»«n!j«4, upon jr»i»ll©»fei©ri to amid smswey, "©xk^ up«» tJa© ]p>r<iof«, 
oral, jSoetsR«)fJttftry m^-^^ written, tn,kmi sm^ s'lXttd lu salt:; c&u«i«.* 

Jim *i#orii« flK4« that on April ??2, 191?, th« (^«« 
fnrAnaxt \y i%» oftuneil n»«48ti'*^ a fi«rtalr^ or^1lBsi«c« ir»oatlBg c«rt&ia 
•tT««t« KB'? »ll«y« li3 o<!frtaiB nrop^rtf th«r«iRi -3 ascribe*, stnd th»t 

•Vac at I on h«fr«iln ^rovi'-^^'l f«ir is ws,si4« uv>en the «!Xf>r«8a 
tton-Utten that Fr«irscls JHirtlffltt aiiall within sixty day^ -li'ter 
t'5.« T>»«»af.« of tiiis CrfUK'^nat ps^jr t,o thft City ol Chic»^o th« 
«WEa «f |40,S83,oa towar;^ % fuB4 for the fxaysa^rit an* eatiBfao- 
tl©r: «tf" any swid .sdl aljai«* for ■4«M8Mjt,|:j«e whi«h ssay arise rro» tfei • 
▼sidatieB of oaiil «tr«<>t» -m.i 5ax:i«yis,* 

It ftirth«r find« th^t Bartlutt snada the {>ayBi«rit of 

SiidLil 8UK pur«uji>tit to th« ordi&iuno*; th&t the d«fftnd&nt ac««pti»d tltc 

a* 
•««e tta4 a«r«»4 t« hol4 it «a a deposit to lni(»»riify ite«lf,^ro- 

▼i^td in th« ©r^iittftnotj that the flT© yeara within lihieh auita for 

«tam%i;«« reoulting fr0K the «loslnjj of the »tr«'^t« «sn<i ail«y« oould 

bo >ro«ii^t ««a.iaot th« dof«»-Jant htkA oxplriKl, md that tho defendant 

la no longer In foar of any awcb pyoce^^flnga im4 no lonftor liabXo 

for *ny elaisa, nor «tibj««t to oourt prooeff^^ing* fil«<1 prior to kay 

IS, 1917; thikt tha coiwplatr.?»fit» sn^ 4*F#n'!ant )*«▼* valvad a rafar- 



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«&e« of the oAtsi© to % «$«&«(t«r in ohiancwry to taJK« «r a«co«Jt wn^ 
^.l»co-r»ry ©f th« ®oi4«3r« «,38:?>»is;?«4 or for wtoleh Wji^ »J(ii'®n-^««:it b<»ea«i« 
li»^l(» oe ft«eo»ait ©f el?4i»« for ^.asmtjft* «trlei«g frews th« vficalioB 
• f aaia etr«<^t» an-1 i«li«y«j that tin? .Iftfeniarit timyiaiK >»re»i«Rtiw<1 tA 

sin-fl It app*»»ftri««j %q th^ aotirt %h^% 4«f«a<lit»t iid «X39-.-«d ia »»tl«- 

oth«r olfitlaie for ^aiMAgtt iir»r« j»««n<Unii: or had b«ftK i&Ad* ttgs.lasi th,<i 

Aafendwrtt, th» »mir|. d^ftndMit tfity «f CMeftjgo «rass entitled to « 
er«dit «g»liJ«t ««1* |4€', §63.06 of m&id ««ia of i7X3U,a5, l«»a,ir.la€ » 
bi&l&na* du« to the o««T!>l»!i„l»««it «»-3fc««iut«r« of t':« will of ^vmntti* 
Itaurtltttt if the rjBi ©f |S.'^,31'4.i3, -wnleh etm It wau lad^lurtgea ;!«• 
f*n<^ant icheiald! |>»y te the «jtM«!P(lftl.B«usti8 witlilB five? •■^«tyis with X^w- 
ftiJ l«t«r««t fr«^ thrnt •■**!#, 

fte» riif-:--.* ©f thff ®0fii»l«ln?WBt» to r©<5<!sv«r in « ault nt 
Xfwr tti!»®K a «»t.^t» of f^et» mnn'H &« tha doi'cr?'*? fir»''?8,«««>A» t© h«T« 
bt«n !l«flnlt«*ly #«t»'bll«h*<S T8>y th« 3upr<»s9<i court In th« om»« of 
I>OQ»woo4 & Strtofelnn4 y. Ohlgago , ^T9 111, 44?, 'in i tH»t 4«elfioa 
taiMi boon folloii?0!*| ift th« stsfesd^tw^^t ©aiooe ©f ;7qlp [, K ^. 3.%yy3i.t. 'Co.. if...,, 
Ca»loftgo . 294 111. ISfi, (*rj4 9M^....1^.^*- .X^..J^^>\ K^^ M • ^^'^ ^*i» ***• 
Ibis oo^nae to bo cono«;lo<i by the dnf«ii<1iint wlty, >fl'il&h, hov«T*r, 
oontonds that a bill in OQutty will not llo upon thft otat^ of faeto 
dl»eloBo4 by tlto reoord. 

It 1» urgod Ik t,h« firot pl&o<6 in oppooitioA to the 
rl«;bt of ttit) oo)»9lain«mts to rooovor thtit tiio oxooutors oomo Into 
court M.tfe uAoleoB h^ndo, -mi for two r««.»ono: lot, booouoo tho 
bill aot v^ AR 'illogod itn<!»rotiM» ilne o»^ oontroet, vUloh HA not 
•xlot, th*»r«by doeoUing the court; 'inA, to*, boeotie* tho eoarpl^in- 
WRto »ro oooklni^ te tak« ft<lY«Ktai«» of m illoaal oot of thoir In- 
t»ot*to, thoroby i>rofltl»E by thoir 9ym wrong Aolnit. 






■SIK* .•■ «• ■■■'■CI .« o- 



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i<p«^»inf i>* ntit- 









•si hn^ji"- 



■ Wt» #-'«t»trk<>'»«lkX^ i- 









■ i^ lih'iitiiLltK- i\t^ lift i^« IlJttf 



It i« a sufri«il«ni reply to Uie I'irat r«a»oia «t!Kt«d 
that t>i9r« i» &» proof in th^ r«eord that %h& oontraet 6«t up In th« 
bill ■*•• n»t in fiMjt »,n<J«, or ths%t tHw tmuri wna dnjeftlTiid by th« 

iS0»R9il!%l!>«Rt«, 

th« ir%eati«» *>f lh.« »tr*#tii An<l *li<»y8 Irs q««»tl«jii was i» fact th« 
r«»iilt ©f sk t>ayg»l» «Ri4 »«!il#; that 96mi»l*ini«t«* t«v«tator !»»1<! for 

for tiie ?)ro9«rty llet«4 an th« r^ecrd© t»f thtt- htunrii of A«»fiR«5or« and 
JiMjar'! of H«Ti«ir. It Airfc.n.ffr a»2fo Eiiat whll# it 1,« %tws Xha^t tit* 
or1iiriSinc« r«eit«ff that th* styisf^ts «Kii sslifisy* vacated w«re ne longer 
r«qul3'«d for i^abllc we*, sufj^i tsiiai the puhXio Intwrsst f-tsmld !»• b«»t 
•«rv«d Tsy th»lr Tacatior*, thi* r«9«it?AJi an iti» f'a«s« i» soKtruury to 
re»»«)n ;wid & i»«r« att«iapt to «'»«*i« th^ law with r«»9(sie% to Taxation*, 
•A'^ it in urgftd. t'r<<!it th4» ooistrt »J»^@titl4 t».k<$ 4U'^^<^-^^ notice of the 
f*ct thist tfe« va©^ti0ii ef territory »f imr^^ than a UsOLf ?3il« «Qtiiir« 
eainnot ^« fer th« nafeJle geo*!, 

w« art ni»t sawai"** sjf #4iijr caaa *-h«rf?. it ?uib l'e«n «e 
h«14, «©r fif «us5? prt«>ci?!(l* w»«»n which a ee«rt «?o«3.'1 txukw .'fw'^iciaX 
»«tlo« «!»f -wr «tt«pli » eltn»tl©». th« i^fsfemisrst ©it** J'^^oplg ^x rtl . 
»^rtg« y, Oana !^tflr,lRf ;; C<^.. J^Si. 111. tS0» to th* •siTO|»oaiil»is t>i«t 
the r«eit«l In th«» or-!ln?4nffi« t» n^t 'fetRfUng on th» court j hM.% th»t 
•««• (»ee» «©t 9u9t«ija ^/'lIs eontjmtioR. it wa« th«F« h«ld that » r«» 
eitad lr» sm ©jr-ilKaBo* for va«^ti«g » etr^fet or pprf.'.lttiati; <Ja« er»e- 
tloB of sua e^ttruetlea In It to the «J f ««t ui«i It wa« pjuieed fer th« 
b«is<»fit of th« eHy wtuf net tt&iiel««iv« upon the courtm. fh« court 
th«r« hmXd under tk« fcMst» -^hicti «»re »«<!« to 'ipp«aor that the city 
••tteeftl 41(5 eot h«kY« th« p«w«r to !»»•« th« or^Hn *ne« which *»» than 
und«r oenti deration. It ia not argwM horo th»t tho olty council 
w»« without nower to p»»a thi> or4l««noo a^on whieli th* otilt of ©«»• 
pl*.lr.s*4t» 1« bA««4! Miidi if It h»4 «tt«h ^owor, it i», ao tht SS«9r«B« 



.,• i ni't'.'^f- Si.7»9t itV:' 



&,» 



ey x'mf'xjti&ji s .. 



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••urt sal 4 in ,SM.t..l^,<Jl% .X,^. „i^f^ia»<go..«..,.»a31£a« «»t®pp«a teoth In l«w «n4 
•Qttlty to now a«i8«rt th<»' 0-5*13 tr (try. 

As to tJii«? rurti"*,«fr ^sontKiiviori of d«if«msiwit ih»t th* 

lnt»«tsikt«, iwti'^ thu« profit l^y th»lr ewn wrong doiBg, tJwf^i-.nf^art, In 

«m»^©rt of thi«, iMP|r«»t»« tiifet ©n a^sissfjunt ©f tiu* 9l«® ©f tH« tr«,©-t of 

(At b»lnf n«r9 than «, h^^lf mil* s^tifarffl) , th« »a®# ■9n.» tmlavfiurl b»- 

If t&» oi*fliin;4r»««, u»?o«j its fac«, dt®oios»<3 th*t; th« 
iBt»r»tl«« of t*i« ©owicil la jsainBlRg It was aoleiy t® o©iiJ'er plg>it« 

6«im«il to i?a.«s. {v^«e P 180-01 » y. 4,tit,ie».j,. 09 5 Ha, 165.) 

fh«»r« i«» iwwtvffir^ n#thiag in tlils ir«ocrd which would 
jufttify •u«ii ». fiB?!l«g» fflK.4 ih« ©r.31a;iiijr»o« ub>o« Itt f<^3i«« mppftmra ^o be 
one r^iioh th« ««^>\Micil htul m ri^^ut ten p&99 sur* i tvhiefti, «rid«r th« fitcti 
ws-iieh tkpaff&r t» th«s rwcer^j, it will h^ prsi»wEs«<i w** ijnAiifled in tb« 
fkuMlra trt*r*«t. 

It l« n«x1i c«t«tff«1«5^ tn«i.t t>i« d«or«"» 1» wrronftout to«- 
«»«»«, aw it i« B«.14, the eoissolatr-aRt* having? co»« laio ©(^uity art 
b©«ii.-? to ."<o «?{wit3r5 an-1 it Is »fel'f tliat inis nrlr.6ljjX« rftrr.an'^s t.h»t 
tb#r« t« A r«»ter«tlott of V.\« vae».t«i «1i're«ti» !*n<l «ll<»y» bw^or* 
th«r« eajn be » r»oov«iry by tu* e<n»pl»iln aitn. 

a »t»tttt» paii«»<! by th«% i»gl«l!%t«i*« in iSSl arwl in for«« Jaly l«t 
of that y««r* whlfiJi ia »t»bst5i».e« proviAod that suit*, such a« eo»» 
9i»in^^i«\ o««X<4 r.^t T»« sa»ist«t««4 without oueto r««torAtlOK oi thii 
v«te»ta4 «tr««tt nni*> All«ya« thi»t at&tuttt w«fi laot, howAwer, appli* 
•*bl<> ic thl» or^iniMie*, tmd it wjut r<»?>««a«d by tfi» legialatttr© iu 



>.*.&Jl!flfi.-.J:d..^Al V <''^-* f%if' 






ttHi/ 



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i #•) 






..'.rXai^*. , rtt »ilii 94 *XrfA 



19 W. 

iJoj-««v«r, %h*i 9<?ulttt>a« m»xtM 'thXash th.« iftftmAmnt in- 
▼©^•» In not «T^nilca^« t© th# r»eerd hartf pr«a«r3t«i»<1 , atnow It Im^ii 
B9t Ijaoi asad* te aT!»i»e«r that th« Y.*C'atie,in ©f th** atr<»«t» ?)ind Jtill^xft 
1b <ju»iitlon was ai«j(l« for th« b*^rn«flt of coiBy}li».tnf»r.t«' tt^atAtor. Th# 
fltatutfl of 19121 eoulsi nut h.&v« bsusK liBtuwHle*!} to apply to or-JirjiWic** 
I»ikt9#<1 a; ti i#r>o»it8 i&st4(!t prior to lt« «n(4eta.<»nt. 

It la ali»o urg«d th»t th* «tiit ir«a pr«»*tur«ly >:rou«ht, 
and 3*otio£ 2X ©f th« $t»iktute of JLli^dt-%tl<'mQ i9 rolled on in this 
r««i5«!ct. Th* I'ltV'Mjsg ©s' ii.ie .l^er**, ho^«*ir«r, on titl« s>oint "»»• »uf- 
fiei«&t. 

Xo f^aftojs J«.<wlR^t t^en n.ml'^ to «pp««r wMcria would re- 



'"{MP* e»94 ion 



S« - 3U4« 



07 XLLIBOIS, 



▼♦ 



£41 mJMUZOt 

PUiatlfl' in Error « 



Ml* JBStlCK mteaSIT MiMVSlliS' 



lRB.aR,10 

44I.A. 627 



.r 



Th» f6«tii «m«Ii apj^ear in tMs e%s« sure alnilar 

to tht faets whleb appvajr In tite e^3« of TIib P<so^ 1« 9i ^ thi 
.".'t afea of Illinoi s , (4«f«ac3iBnt la error, ▼• I)an^ i 3e otXt» 
plaia&lff la orror* 0«a* Ho. 31143* in i$Mch an opinloa 
has )i«ea thl« da^ filftd* fl&e reeoi>d la that ^&m In 

aiallair to the r«geoz'd h«re* For the r«s:ss«a» th«r« 
Btat«iS» th« JudpBWAt la tl9i« eam^ i« af f isriiAd.* 



)io^>ttr*l3r» ?• J*» «B<t Joi«ii»toa» J*» ooaeur* 



/■ 



/ 



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... 9,it9 «4 •mUmJU 



.„'miol fe;r .■ =* ,tX»t»litai 



at - 31149 



Of ILLIIOIS, 



▼• 



KISS momomMo, 

Plaintiff in Ssrror 



KBJ?OR to KUiriCIPAt 
C(Hmf Of CKICAOO. 



m, jostics; mtcmtt m^vmm^^ tm oi»«ioir oi the cotmT* 

The facte wMoh ap|}«i%x' in tMa ease axe similar 
to ih« faots whiQh «Fi?«ar in ftJie caee af Tlidi ?»opl« Of tlii^, 
-^tate of ll liaoia^ 4«f«mi'»iii in earyar, v. i::aa.,^jayAt. 
plfiiatiff in ftrror* (J«n. Ho. :ill4ffl, io wfoleh aa opinion 
haa b««a thia day filad. I'te® «eor<l in that caae ia 
slBilax ta th« r^scorc^, har«* .i^'Or t;lit r««,»'0ne tliora et$ito«:':« 
tlia jttdgxMat ia «hia eAs« i« affiled « 



lhi"«ralyt ^» J** atiid Johx^tont J«« oonour* 




?*j:X€ * »K 






•ro^t ft*? -5 
. .y'lll Xifili (liid$ A^iXi tt«d; 



^-•■.■■r,.r,' '-wjSo^ AiK# <, ■ •.fs'ltf '»« 



36 > 31148 



THE mO^LB OS tm 3tAT3S ) 

OF ILIIB0I3, ) SSKOa TO 






MOHICIPAL COOKT 



Pl&mtlff in rror. 



^44 T.A. ^277 

IB. JlJStXCH JIATCHETT ^ILlVKISIJj fHI <3?IS10jr 0!? tHK COURT. 

Th« plaiatiff In «rr(Mr wa» tla® 4«f««d&nt i« t,h« fcrlftl 
eaurt oa » etar^rgs of Tiols^ii^iii^ seetios 5 of the FTaMlsltlen Xaw» 
(••• 2(»lth»Mu7d[ 111* Bovi8«^ UtatutM* I9a5| »«o. 5» p» 10®S*) 

Alth«i«?li daly wsrasut iie waLlr«<i trial by Jury, luad 
ttj>ttn ti-l&l Is)])^ &3M eettrt "sfsnte fm»M guilty la isftaxi«r aod torn «i 
«k«rg«4t Aa4 the court* 9v«rrullag. »0tioa» for a ao"» trlRl and 
la %rro«tt lia|>osed. » fine of $"200 aa4 eotts, «hioh judjpsMnt t,h» 
deten^snt He«jk;s to revsreo* 

A «iiBilr«T iaforst«.tlon -«9"^s^ filed agii>la»t Mike dooni^MUio 
&n& -ajnothsr of (iM «%»« Jcil«£ against l>aa PetrixaOt osieJbt of whOM 
Aloo Walvittg trial by Jury) was found ^.wilty ejawi a like Jud«- 
ntat ii^osod* 7h« tr«.n&aotioa ivhioit r^s^ulted ia tho filing of 
tlicst iaformfttioae wae O80 ie uhioh th<eine thre^ dafcndaato 
partiolpatod. Th« reoords p.rts siisil^o** «utd th.o ottttoos hAYO 
bo«a ooaeolidated ia thlo court, thp ruloo of law applic»l>lo 
to oa«h «a8« oro sub »t«ati ally &h« »«■«• 

Tho laaisuago of ftjae infODmtioB la each eao© w«» thot 
tho dttfendaat "oa tho 12tii djsiy of Jaaufitryt • - • l*26f »t »l» 
City of chie»«o» 'forcftniti, did thoa »%ad tjioro «ala«fully po««o»«« 
••XX, traaeport. deliver, furnish oortoia iatoxicotiag liqaoro 
eoatftlalag not* thaa oao-half of ob« p«r ceat alcohol by 
volaao, whioh *ao then end thar« fit for aae for bererafo 



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•Tail »*•(»?.•» ■»/**■«>*«< ,X,'l'ii.»i'- .' w;- 

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-a- 

jnurpoaes* Said intoxicating liquor tb@n and t)mx9 la th« 

pOBkoatioa of the said * * * net lo«lag pooatft&od in hie ]prlirnt« 

4w«lllne «hil«! the »9m» vs».i<s kept asid u»«(i toy him ae « private 

dwelling only* tii& ealci int^oxioatla^ ll«iuer net then «knd there 

lielng In Ixia poKse&sl&n hy virtue of sjiy p«iZ>mit iesu^d toy the 

ftttomey gtsaersii or t,h& of flee of the Coi3»sl»{$loner of .>:^yohlbltl«ai 

ef the :tate of Ullnoia* :Mi^ iniexiG'itXa^ liquor not then and 

there toeing need for »aer«ji&eRt^» Aedl@lnal» ®clentifle« 

■eehMiieel* eheale;»l or aianafact,ttrin^ purpoeeot not otherwlae 

legally authorised*** 

Sftld eeetios 3 in mts follows t 

"So person ehmll on or after tho dE.t« vhen thle 
Aet goes into afreet t wmufnctttre* sell* barter # 
tmnaperti deliver * furnish or poe^eeei fm^? Int ex 1 editing 
liquor except ttn «ttthori:s@d In thle Mstt and all thc' 
proTleione of this Aet nlmll be iifeerfslly oon^traett 
to th€ enid thnt the uee of Intoxloi; tin^ liquor as % 
to«Teraee Jnety toe prerrented ♦ Liquor for non-beircrage 
puxpoees snd ^ine fox saarattental jpnarpoises roay toe 
as»attf oturedf parch«%iiedt gol^« b^rti»red» tr^maportedf 
delivered* fuz^shed fm& po&ee&^ed* tout only '^0 herein 
proTldedt and th@ ti;oJC*ii@y dsijaeral m^yt upon appll coition* 
issue permits ther<S!for» tout in case th@ offloe; of 
CoaBsi8?^ion-:/r of Prohibition »i»*.ll bw created* thun suoh 
CoMsie!.' loner »hall iaauis staid p^rtfiitst rrovidsd, that 
nothing in thia -'^et %hi^.ll prohibit, the purch».«ici and sale 
of waurehouse rooeipt(;» coverinis <Jistill«o ispirits on 
deposit in ^ovs'rnz&@n& toozid^d -warehouses •** 

Kotion WHS lasde in @ach onse to quash the infota«»tlon( 
which w«ie denied* ^sind thi« ruling of the eeurt is «»isigned os 
error* Heeerer, it will to© noticed tlw-t the inforoation 8Uto-» 
otantielly charges the offonee in the lan^oge of the statute t 
perhnps with unneoesenry verbiage* tout under the rule laid down 
1* people y « Tat e* 3l6 111. 52, we hold the Informntlon was 
sttffieient. 

It is further arirued that the ovlcenoe failed to prove 
certain aateriftl allegwtlone of the inforastion toeyond a raneon- 
stole doutot* 



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It 1» sstld itt thtt flret pl«ei« tibtit th« iiiTldnott failad 
t<» 0hiw tiTst th« litiUidi in vU«etio» «"»» fi& foi? 1»«Tvs:r^« imr- 
po»«s* li. in tru« &hat the iiiforx&%kl«m sacie tb.l;j aycrsdiitt whiob 
v« dp aot tlilak va« a a.99^a&RSY !&9isvm9nt ^ut <»n th« contrjiry aagr 
be r*isArdtfd »• surplus ^ff* Xn(!^ee<ii th% wi^oX« theory of Uio aet 
in question le tk^t iBtoxiev&iag HtjUe:? is trnfit for bereragt 
anee* Tli« latentlon of %hu 4^st«n&&nt in iM@* rg in all dth«r 
criiftln&l easee* is th« controXlia^i qu«@tion* It is &&t &rgtt«d 
thftt ths Alcohol >«hi«h viae e@is«td -nmn not intended te he u«<MI as 
ft beT«rage» and %h« fivietenee ^o«& laegrond ^^ T&i siomible doubt bimt 
suoh ■mm.m thjtt intention* 

In thtt Bcteond ]plnc#« it ie urg^ed tiuit %her» vns no itroof 
of thti aXl«>g;fttion tliat the liquor found in po»«e»ei«a of the 
(lefend!aat» had in aXohholie aont^nt gre^t^^r than ono-half of ono 
per e«at hy voluno* the proof showed "erithoiit ^tt«atien th^^t the 
liqttor Wd.« itleehfil. ?h«r<9 wi&s uadtfiled proof of the adsUosion of 
this faet by one of the d«f @nd«iints in the proaeneo of the others* 
fhie f»ct could lee h« inferred frsa& the t^atiaony of one of the 
officers who tasted li<.uo7 fren both the r«oei»ti%olee i^hioh viero 
seised* 

The eyidenoo for the People tends^d to show thct nt ehout 
tc&6 in the eT<ining» police of fitters nwn ma autonohile etsndinig 
on the left aid > of Xo* 9033 9ederftl street* xn the city of 
Chiea^Ot end th«t as the officers nppro&ohedt this fiutoaobile wen 
drlTon ewiy «t a high rate at sspeedi tiaxt, there w»« thrown from 

It two b««s* whieh were eeiaed toy these three defendants » »nd taken 
to the rear of the hulldln« whleh stood there, the officers pursurXn« 
the defendants as the bikgo were onrriod avsyf that the polios oauitht 
the throo dofendante, opened the top of the eans which wers found in 
th» htmu, and asked vhat they contained • when one of the three do- 



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r«s4l4Hite 9B©i««r»4, ^acoH*!;* that the ofrioura t*et«d %h« liquor 
ftB4 that feolii cMi« tasted aiiie; taat the sae* ia ^luestlefi «er« 

?[^*r« e^. t* J30 ,r»?asosa'bl<!! <{$u1lbt of the 4%fmiA^mk%»* 

tttllt. A»t«i# fro« othf^T «via^e« is th.« reTOr*?, tla« fjMSt that th« 
tkr«« a"«f#nd&iitn r*ft a^ay frcfss th# ©ffia«r« <s»3Pryin^ tis«» eas® of 

tfc«iT ebs«s»titT3£.leB«a priTU«g#?, di-t n#t testify. A dftf^Ela^t wlj® 
hsi* run j»?'ift;; frost police officers ^^rryim.^ a hmt «nfi«r s^iiar 
«ir««iffistat^o«s, sirht ^e inf «rr^d t© fc« gt3si:i6y of && intmt t© «a,t 

n«d fresi Afi"le«ri» &f tUn ltir» iritis b^ge eeatalKia^ earia ©f aloohoX, 

to have 
Kay »«11 l&e eupuoiessi/in tended to driJak Qr seii yi*? liquer, 

««t hs,v« 1b««Q jraceslved in «Tt-'?.*nes, fes^auee the sstfe^ft wsr« takers in 
Tielatids pr th« ©one tit at Waal rii^atm ef* is.lalatifj'« ir^ erroi-, A 
Botiec ta supsree^ t^ SYi-!«rse« was sad« @r tJi%t grvvmi a»d ftreparly 

gfi^g glf ^. Caatr^ . ^11 II. U 39!?, Ff-p|?\a.T» Frail. 514 111. SiS, 

P»et>lff V. Bel^l . S1!S ria. Iie7» Peo-9l<? y*,,&e'^J», "^-^S Ul. 4j>s. 537, - 



lk«& iTttly, F. J,, ^fti Jehaetcn, »?.» eonwur. 



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Pefeadant Is Srrort i 






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nalatii-f ill Sjrrox. ^44 i./i« D^O 

Mfi. j-K:-ticK m\tcmvn hiOO-vrnmn tm onwioM ow tm cowrt. 



■«rit of srrosr to utjcure the rn.Yereai »f a Jaogjasut in the muB 
of v261«44i (iiit«r«d skgain^t. him en th^ findiag of tlus ootirtt 
which ii««a»» to hmv^ l>e«n Istaes^S upon %h& p-Mw^^t of the gctrniehfte, 
no eTldenc« h*Ti«g, T»«®n offeretd ox rt&c^lveci o;" either poxty. 

7ha ordt&r of ^oid^iatft^ii £rroTi<i«4 that exocution should 
b« t}t^j^& "uatiX twenty ci.%y£i u£i,9V «iuoh datt .%e «eid gamieheo 
ehsill haT« ia hie |io3s«ta»<iioxi or <$c»&tr&l ^m^^ of the efi^eott cf ttai 
s&ltf B:obert !'• ^artgusoB*" 

The gnmishox has not ap-j»ear«<i in thi» oourt to dcifond 
th« judgsent eaterodi »»euS it la itmce to appear th&t the Judgncnt 
order was voter «d ia the siheeace of thd gf^vmiKhoet thnt althougih 
th« oattse had boca oda^iauad uatil liiOO a* a* oa Fridaty, tho 
16th day of .^pril* 19^6 » ^h«; garni ahoo !ipp««urod at th»t tiiao 
oaly to loara th«*t imig^mni h.^d l»«sa jiroriouoly oatered. A 
• t«Bograph«r also smk^s affldairit thj^fc oho Rppoareci la oourt oa 
that <3«te prior to the tiae »«t «ad rcaainet; there trntil tho 
court adjouraect but that th*« oauso iw' s not oall«d for h«&riag 

duria^ th«.t tijM* 

The aaower of the g»ralBh«« disoloood that the garaiahoe 

b^ fna acr««a«at with th« judipaea^ debtor whoroby cortaia 



a.f.- .XV,.,vvfl^ (' 



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■>Xv"--* ' ' ■ ' ' . 

.„ ^,. ........,•_ ■^^■^^S 9« 

m^uwiLil» iuhz , .- :....,. ... .- itSwo 

ii„ ....... ..:- . 'liftaqqi,* Mitt ^■.'i*?-i ..-U j»* .•'>!""';■ ■ ■ ■-fe-A/.. a«X.' ^ *.i«JAlJ|Ofl»; 



eoE8r.i&aions In connectloQ vi^ith atl««» of resti «attit« should t>« 
p*ld to tho del9ter ae andi oaly when the @«me w(»re oolleote<i, but 
th&t nothing w^r la fact <iu6 froia th« garnishess ;&t the* tint of 
the eenrlc* of tho «?rit or vt the tiwe of the filing of the 
«fttvor* 

It hfto 1»o«it unlforiBl/ h^lA that « Judgment <Jl«htor by 
process of garnlahmont oan ozily r«oov«r sueh Int'r.dbtcdneee tus 
could h&To been reeoTered l»y &^n action of d«:bt or lndebita.tus 
a8iS.uMp«lt in the amiisie of the attt.(;;h»u»n& ov iudgmani d%1»t0]r 
e^last the gi'^r»iehee* In othtar worda» un indsbtedaese 'vhloh 
la uneertain »nA eonti&gent oaxrnot l»e reached by this prooeoa* 
A few of th« onma which so hol«. s,re W.f >i&t er. y.«., r^te*^ ^, 75 111. 
544 1 gyojpe„ T» M oCluyQ,, ct &jL., 239 HI. App. 

The Judgnont its therefore r^versoii* 

Aio urely, : • J*f end Johnc^toii« J*» concur* 



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71 - 31198 

mu^m coHWP. tios, 

ApiJ«ll««, ) ABWMI* fROX MlJHICIPAl CU«BJ, 



L. J. LtOHT MwraFAcmaHO 
COJiPAjnTt • oorporntion, 

. <.p pell ant • 



03? CHIC;.-,SO, 



i- - - - .i 



iffi. JUSTICE ukrcKvir b"i.ivkbsj) ?i;;ii: opijjioh ^i? tm Gom<t, 

This la an «p9«stl by Ui«t def i^nai^jst freaa an ord«r 
'Entered ia the J^uaielpAl e&Mitt ^ao^im^ ita motion to raOiEittt 
anci open up ^ Jodgatsa^ th^r^tefers @niiis!x-«ig by^ oonfeeeloa 
mf«B a vrlt«^«a l^'is^ fo the suia of ;"457*1<$« 

'thu plaiatiff h?i» n»% r^pp^Ss^v^^. in thit& @ourt in 
support of the or€l«r entftr^^d* 

Tha i&otion to ect aeld« the Ju^gsient wna is.ipportedl b/ 
tw« &fflda.vit« «x«out«6 ¥j the tire«isu7<»r of t.B;<@ n^-fendc&at oox** 
por-aioa* w)i« »Torred thereia tit^t plaiatiff iVA^ ao %ttthorlty» 
right or power to isalce th«s le^-^^d upon ^^hi@h judgmeat i»as oon« 
f eased without the ^rlttea eeaeeat of %h» jierleon £^raiture 
Mart* nwi tht eaoh written ooas«nt hag no.t be^^n eeoured* 

The affitiJiTlt aso T«ar» th t defend -nt** by-lawe 
proTlde thi^t the p/e»ident »ad eeoret^ry eh^ll exeevite all 
leaeeet 9^n& that defend^mt'ei «@oret ry tshf^Xl elga -elth the 
president or ▼lee-preeid«;?at la the n&Me of aeftinAnnt and with 
authority given hy the board of director* so to dot th t euoh 
authority wae not glTon to execute th*? lease upon whioh Judgaent 
e«i«i coafeeeed* 

The ttf f id vTit aieo arere that the only purpoaeB for 
whleh the epeoe lenaee aould he used » a for exposition purpoeeaf 



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sils tuotitlw ^«tt*t 






that defendant did not us« it, liut tli.*t the preai<ji«at of defend- 
ant had «. few pieeas of ;ttrisitur«i nov«d into the ap oe awJ tho 

ensiM renaiaea t,h«»re firom Jtmufury» I92&t to j^rlXt Xi»£S} that, for 
this use of th« «p«.oe« ^^f&n^tait p&id th« sum of $4Qq, whioh ^as 
■ore than « rer^sonahXo and fair reattil fof tho ub« of the eai^ 
proMlses c'uria^ en^ld tino* 

The leeiee upon vt^hioh Jmigment was oonfeected piarported 
to be ex<:cuted hy lt« ]|^e;-ident, Kjctd siaos the affid,HTit of 
wirltB deaied hie ^4U thorite %o @x«aat«i & Ie:-s« with pwn&T to eon- 
fe»« Judgmeutf we think a }»«Fltoriou« <Sffif®08« w-as stated. 

The lenee is not under sei^l, a.ii4 the ri^oerei fnile to 
show ny clrouastanees from which ^meh. po^er of vhs SP*«i<^'s»^ 
night be iaf erred. ;i»y4tyr Br<^a«. y,>..,Bai3,giy^> i«S 111. 447 1 

SMSSMS^tilS^.§Ajf.»^J^J-9Bm.^MS!tl^M!^ ^'^^ ^ii- ^214 1 >Hate 
g»Blty« ,^oline ;tecl vo*. aaa Hit sai. 

Vftr the error indicated the order iti revereed aatf 
the Oftuae rej8U»nded* 

Mo:iur«lyi ?* J.» ^xod Johns^tont J*> ooaour* 



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^ 244 I*A« 62o 

See r^C^-^TcjoiA^oj^ 

jm. I'^mim iaAXCfj^tr ijiliwhsts fKi ofikois of tek goijrt. 

•«q»«it OK * I'lrt lK««yffl.nct« pelicy, th<5 ,l»«r»ra.tlon Ir. Its <9«»ir«ral 

SO, 19S3, «,rtd Al««5 rf.,ifligl»*g the jn«islli''lea,feloR ef XvX^ ooctrAot o» 
M«3r»h 9, 19S4{ %tm.% th« ^Qfitrftttt w>%» for & t'.u;;. of ou« yioiair frott 
It* ^!iLt«; that «n ^^-oly "$, I9il4, -^'hll® t:a«> ptsiiey »«fc® in .''©ro« 
&ln« ftuto««biX«« cov«r«!<ri; ^y Uie^ oontrs^tst mxA lii<mt«'<l istt 24S9 Seuiiii 
Lfta&ll« »tr««t w«f® <i«8tr-vy$<| by fir«} that en JiiXy 8th pXfeietift" 
(ATA nolle* «i* th« l«»e», i^in-'i on July 19ih t^i«!fr««urt«r <!<»llv«r«d * 
p«rtio\iilsir ao«oii»nt tla#r««if *y tlie a«iJ*«s«fwit miA is>6ri'orffl»i all tJi« 
••n^ltlona prt«»d«Dt eon«.alr*'«a in th» ysolicy of IneuirfU'iQ*; that 
tfe« 4lefei3d«nt r«fu««'1 t« pay as^l-i .'l^iRgwi atJOR thp eoXe iJToand th»t 

ITh* -1«l>r, iftnt fllftit a ]^1*»» »l' ti.>'i« funi^rai l««vte and 
not to* of «t»<»el*X d«f«Bii«» ftt/4t*^4 to \i» that it ill not m«*:« or 
4l«llir«r a poXlcy ef ln«}jr»jRo« te th# tjlaiatlfi' aa »Xl«'i;«'1» *tttt t»i«t 
•B Jioir«Kib«ir 30, X9S3, It l««iu«-f. « eertula jiolley ««' t»«ur«BO« ta 

tttainess a* Molnaraey Ii«t9r Caapitfiy; tnak it vms thsn r«r)r*s«B%ft<l 
t« 4«f«n4«Rt that th« |>ros>«rty e«<^er«4 Vy tJi» poliey *a» •oX« and 
tandvniltloaaX in th»»a ceopsortiiert; taat »t the tt»e of the allege* 
Xaea th*r« hiMl b<i>*n a eltani^ft In tha nfttiirn oi' tA« inentratle 1, terest 



rp't I fV* ^\'n' *! 






■■if :ff 
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#r th« sul!)scri'h«r; that r-armgrra^ph "iS* l^f tH« ^eliey fjroTldmd; 

•9, JR© net! on eh.all 11 • a^ialnst fM» aittorr^wy «»r aivy «»f 
th« tmlSftci-ib^'rii at th« Sxehisw..ge to r*»<!cv«r foJ' -iny lo«i» ur>?i«r 

Veils' e':''«tr«iict unj.#«e< b-r<tUf';''*t 'fey th^ »uli!«crlb©ir itiii^alf, •• 

That imfmiAm-it wotiliH. e>s«w t)\at tii« nu1»«oylb«ir w^b « 
•d-^artn«ri»hl|» ar<S not a «#!»»© ration, swj*' that ^i*tlntiff ha4 a« 
ia»ttx«il« lnt«ir««t &nri no aright f;?!" action itn-i«ir th« policy, 

SNiooB^ly, that d«iJ*«n<SaRt weulf? »iw>tf by way of (tttfttria* 

that th« |>6lley wa» is8u«*1 to «sal'f oe-'ii»)!krtK«r»hi|> In ccunsi'^isratiott 

pay, *nf* that l»y re*toa of ««,i4 i*aiiur« aii<l, :r«l'wi<ftl <li»f«nd«knt, on 
dr «b9ut A^ril 19, 19>?4, cane«iae^ «ui?1 r#»olnil«4 the said contract 
•f ifi«xir«no« .arid, i«. m©c!ortt.JMio« %ft ta t.ri« provifttojft* of %hm 90 X toy, 
»otli*i«^ th« •»-p*4jrt!rj«r»hl9 'by 3r«l^:i8t«re4 mall that 1:»eeHUB« of the 
fallur* of thm isl'? co-^aytBerehip to ]f>!4,y «ai'^ pr®»;lu« tne |»oXl«y 
w«i,« Qayttiil'li*^ an-l (f «e2 wr^f? rolf? ^sjj'? nf n«» «»ff*»et -ariti-.lij riv> ^ay» 
fr«>Bt April 19, 19'H, sni'^ that sftl4 poliey of inauroinc* eor<,tintt«4 
«»«* r«Mft-in«4 e«me«Xl«H aial irgl^ ^sn^ of na «rffe«st» 

Thlrrily, tH'.it. by th» t«».rsi» «f th« uoltoy ?1ftfisn'1tt,nt w»« 
liable for a lets (%nXy if s\i«!ita,ln*^ within the «ontra«t period, <»nd 
that the lo«» 1»y fir* ofi A^ril Kj, I&24, «»« not au!!^tain«4 «lthia 
th« Mild eentrniet p«rloa, )»@«Ru»e ««ibld polley of Irtsunano* had ti»«n 
tABOclled ett Aj^rll 19, 1924, m^i ndt r*l^atat«d or 9ut t;a«k into 
for«« or «rf«;ct. 

iPourthly, walil l«f>» ^y fir^ occurred on th« e>orniBc 
• f Jwly 3, 1»24, Mti thAt tii«r«al*tsr «ltJi«r th« sjlalntlff ©r Jumm 
I, M«Inpr»«y sad J«««ph M. iii©l»»rK«y, «oo«e«li»g th« fact of th* 
•Aid rir« and Ittss froia tn» i%i'»n-*.mit, j>«l?i to «« owployoe of tho 
4*r«nlant » oortftla «um of sionoy for tho r«lH«tat.o»«i>nt of oald 
9olloy of ln»ur«no« mA on, %o»*it, Uio aft«moon of July 5, l^'^A, 
«n1 th»t th# allft«o4 io»« hj fir* occurred 'b««f'^>ro tho rlolt, »«id 
!••» ¥#iDg known to Jq*«*«« T. Sieln«m«y »«d Joo«?ih K-, K«r«»rii«y, »nd 



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f«mAfkn%, hskving l«ar©«d Ui® J*aot», t«ii4i»re4 Via,© rftiurn ol' •.add 
«»iuiat to the ]plia»tlff. 

Th« Oftu«« vaa s^lwtttttl to a j-aJcy, will oh r«turn«d a 
▼er-'let l'©r th« 4#f«rsf1ant, afid aotiois J'or a n«v trial t-«i.tt« OT«r* 

Th« aa.l«it»?? errors ««.«».l«ii«<l an4 argti«d «r« that a n«ir 
trial sheall hair« fe*«« grswjt*!*! hmemi^^. ta<» ▼«r'itcfe wait agsklnst tta.* 
mnniffftt weight ef fn'i' *vt=i*jK««; ©B a^^mint ©1* •r3ro«««ti» irsstrtte- 
tiQa« glT'fj on l?etmir of th^s* .-ftf «jR^»at. a3R4 pronser Instr^jetlone 
r«qM«««t«4 liy t'U« |»l«l«tlf.f if«fwe«4, mk$ h^ismim of tlxtf admiaslaa 
of iicprdV*^ •▼laiBKO* OK Tb«!hsi.lf of th« 4«fsT^laKt r«o«iv«.'1, ov«r th* 
ebj»etl(»r, of pl^inUrf. 

TSio u«e?>ntrai4iot«i« erl^ltne* sha^fi that the .policy was 
Itauod *y tho dofan-dant »a Atovoiateftr :5Q, 19S3i %Amt t3i« d«l"«iidant 
th«n hAfS Ito 9rlnali>«l i>li%«« ef >»u»i>:>i@«iei %t }>nXla« 1» th« ist!%t«) of 
ToyaP» vitii a l>r«no>j offl«« In CMfiSM^o, ^ieh ■was in t5h«!irg« of os« 
Curtio a« ag«nt for i^tfrnifluit, 

Th* <nri-^«no# ale© ^lisselossfS tiiat froia April 16-, 1925, 

thtir i!»th«r, Ro8« MclK«yn«y» w«!r« p^srtB«r« in th« business of ■•11- 
Int *«traino"b!l«o, th# aoth«r, isoweTor, not b«*lwg »©tlT»ly f»r.gsk«ed 
t.h«r«lfi; that on K©-v««e1fe#r '^a, 1923, thflOf? parm^rft organliROd » oor- 
1«>ratl<5n i»hl«H te»k e^ror th« btiwin^ata of th® ?>artr«r«hlp, (xn4 Jamoa 
and Joseph "bsoiw** effleoro oi' th« eo®si«u;iy; that t)i«»»« two, *ith 
th«lr i»oth«r, hold mil the stooA in the coaapsmy; that tla« poxtnor* 
•iil» 4ld buoineot an;lor the nsaao of Moiwtriioy Motor Coiapwiy, wad 
Uio eor^orotioa ftloo tt«od thftt nwH«. 

©a fioTfw^oy :Wi, 1925, two 'ay» »ft«r tho incorperatioe, 
39»9ph koln^moy, ao ooor^tary, laoido appllaatlon for tho inour&neo 
ia quootloas ^r» Curtia filled out au «ppllo«Uoxt for Irisuraoea 



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]|« »«t In » sposilloK fvmi wM.®;! h« «e»14 not ««® whra wiwi lBf»lng 
«rltt«», ft« th» 1*lm'i.K wa.8 filled, -mA that art^r it bad b<Mi» riH«<l 
•at it was fth^vtd wBiroti^ th4» t^lt>I« to him by Curtla, at «t|ie»« r*- 
<|ii«at h« ii^»d li «ri<'J p^ssvi it l!)«teic t«i aittrtl»« witi^out leokioft 
ftt it or kttowing; lt9 eont«X(t». Curtl« t9tttifl«»^1 %hi»t he 4id B«>t 
lai*v «h«th«r k.Qln«Tsi«y v«n.6. &l:i<» aip plication; that ne HsmSI bo r«eel- 
Iftction u^©» ta.«t S'iil5j«ot, 1%^ a|>plie»tion *»«, ifcM»w«v«r, irtcor* 
t»erat«d In tfe« poXi^sy iin4«r th« 3e.a«du3.# of Wj^rritDtiftd, an<| as •• 
l»(Mir!!»oyat»^ ««elt«S'^ taat il'i« *m»b««ri¥«ir was a partxiarsMp." 

Sottnnh MttXnerfiisy furthwjf t*»«tifl«^ fhat whB,n th« »!»• 
HkXleatisn v».e >«if»|; filled sut li^^ t^iXd 0«rti«» th-Ai the bii8lna«» «m 
B ^mrtis«y«>itf "bittt was t*i«K iiH9«rp'orAt«(ti i«'Viti<9 iJmrti*, ®n th« ocn- 
trary, t<«atiiriii4 that few '?!<'?. «®t «»lt M«lii«jm<By wh© t>j« tiaurtnari 
w«r«; that thlt was ijRjKssi'fe^ria.l; thsnt it ■*»« l£»xat«s?ial whcthtr ©r 
Bot it wasi a «©rp«y«tifta 5 thattt it watiid hayffl fe»«« »wtoj»itt«jS ^iui»t 
t2i« saoia; that tits rate woul-1 astvts li»««n t>iL» ambt, f^Xi'i that th«rB 
wa« Bot imy nlft'«r»me» in th* rlmtk. 

fcr. ity»©», BOJ yin'i^rwriter for til® aoa« oJTlc5«, alto 
t«ttiri9^ iiiat it woull fiftt li%V(« h9«ti &f any corioequecce ir^ th« 
•at* i^«th«r th« k^tlntirxnty U&%&r iif»mp.^y wa» a j»artti«rship or a 
eorperatioa* that tla.« rute was t^« »a»)«, and that if th«y i«Bu«d 
inaurancB they wouXiil iseu« ^he »iua« onai way or th« othar. 

It I ft »u^ti9»%nA in th« ajfguaoJist 4*©r tha <l«f©ni!3mt that 
th» verdict »ay b« austainad upo« the theory th!*t the wicontra4iot»d 
•Yldenee ahewe^ tSmt the policy w»» for the benefit of the partner- 
•hi^i wMXe the loss i*a« »u»t»,l»«»! hy tKe teorparation. 

The irerUet «annet l>e «ti«taiBe<1 on that grojuid. Ihere 
!• B» jfiovi^jt h-^re a« t« the identity of the real partiea, and it i« 
BX-eaye uewiieei^.Xe to iptr^-^tio* oral evl^enoe for the ?»urT>09e of 
lAontifyifii; the real n»»rtl'?*s to * written c<jntraot, A asre «rrc>ne» 



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Otis di«»eri5>tio» ©f A lilftlKtilJ" will net r«-ri.l«r ats twsurance f©lioy 
▼©id. It has !&•«» tittiforE-«l^ «o hoi^J in tixi* tm<^. otii«r »tat»a. 

?lfP.g<I..JilR*.,.,^t.,llMK« '?*4 ^ii. 31S4J ir:T.,i^ia.t Y. @< ^ldsgltfe , a07 111, 

*»1 Ia£iB£lsa,JLulMAJsa» • '^l^"^ Jtll, App. SS.'^j ::t»^yie.v,. Ji oi»<» It^a. Co. . 

8Sa m, Api?. f6(i; l.' wclng ▼.. Firo Ic.g. Cq >. IW Klmu 66.) 

T^XB «r.<2ontra-^.l«t«<s tt-vHwtige twuto-! to ««©"» that th* 

policy waB lsFti#4 *l*.H<j«i th« p6tyffl«nt of th«» t>r«Ktuffl, .m-i thmt th* 

Ulwiutlff, altHouich 0ft*r. r««t!3«^»t«i"1 ®o to -to, f*il<jd ta -pay the 

|kr«^ltin, vhieh aasowst^-i te Il7!5, It «»«?(•.« tbat fl8,44 *»• paid oa 

a««ount eois«s tjai© -prior t© April, 19:?4, 5m4 Curtia wrotw plaintiff 

a«ki{Sig in »«b®tsiiae« -is&^iher *i®J'«ai«ust ssight »©t hav^s plailjstiff ♦© 

eh«©Jc for at i«&»t a poHitR of the pi'«f^-ina ?'it tiutt tlm©, fh# 

tTi(2«no« fuTth«r ehoTts-M that ofi April 10, 1924, at !3all*», T«x«», 

d0f«niS*nt wret« a latt*r »ddr«»j*.«<l, *loIjH«rn«y Siotor Co., 2715 £• 

Ci««r» AT«nuo, <Jhio.%i«, Iilifioi», eallijag »tt«rttle« t.c the i>rovi» 

•ioB in th» poliej^ witij ref®r®ri®«. to ©.wseelX^itlon, aKe-J sti^tiag: 

•Xh« Auto;,o"feiie !}>i<Ser"«f!rlt«r« of A«i«arica h«?jrftvftth tiiT<»t fir* 
^ay«* for»i«l notice of %h^ o»jfU3ell*.tloB of if'oiiey ifio. 712B1 is- 
•««4 to jii'.clri^rrj«y fcotoy Co, •■••*'* -^ ■'■*«* i*l««i>e«i tjijb^'* «.cK^clal notie* 
that all llfibtlity ©f »»td IxeiiArigt tjnd.^r said, policy will abto- 
Intwly QMi^a* at ni»o» oio t5;,«5 i^T'tth ^^y of Atsrll, i?>34. l^* »Belo»« 
©ur ftt-^t^w^nt ffi^r ff'l»34 covering the *arr.<»4 pr«t!!:ittM 4mb in full. 
Pl«ft©« wiiill til© a>5©Tt pslloy tsft ths siieloflft-* stasiTu**! .an3''-r«©»©<! 

©nVtlofl© t© C1»!8^1«t« OMt filfe®,**, 

A ©outrolling qnt»t,low Ir^ %hm eaB« la whether thi© 
a©ti«« «B90ttnt©4 i» 1^* to ft eano^lT 'tion of th« policy, 

Th© i>rovt©lc5n In th« pt^lioy tri th rwferwec to cariCel- 

1 at ion w«i« ft© fall©iir»: 

"fhi© Qontriket jimy b© ©an<i©Il«<! at su^y ti&i«f by th© Ksoh©ng© 
"by gi-ving to th« ©ttbaci^iber flv^ duyn* writt©» notio© of o«n- 
«©ll*tl©« *ith ©r without t«iif'«r of tia© ©x«««© of paid i?r©&;iua 
afeov© th« pro rvtm i>r#ft.iu» for th'^ exnirvd tfns, trliioh ©x©«©» 
if not t*<r)i?«r«1 ©Hall fei^ ^©f^ln49d on fS«K.juj($, J*otlc© ef ear.- 
•©llatioa KisHed to tH« ©d'\r«©a oJ" tii« oub8crili«r at«it«4 ir tuc 
©ontrftet chAll b* a ^v«ffici«ait notio©.* 

5v«ii if e©i©««il©<i thMt th« no tie© of e«Ro«ll£itioe t^ab 
pro|>«jrly pl«©4t<l (w)ii«^ plaintiff d«nioB on th© authority of 






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ailliERip y. yi»r pi«*Qft,^ lie III. Ar?js. Ml), w« rJo not tVilnk th» 
'proef iB pnfn et*»nt te etsst^siB t'h« ®«tnt«ntion of <!.ff«niant thmt 

th# 9«ll«y 'sra* ©ajus^Uwil. It -ssflli "b« obenrv«i thjtit thtt netle* 
la .'*s,li«n1 Ext !3».llai», ?«*.»», sr» April X9, 19^A, «wt.:i Bt?».t»w ihmt 
th« lia'teillty of «5«r#?j'f««wst %m^i»T th« ijolloy ssUall ««»»,«« at no<MJ 
«B April :'4, 11334, •wUlah ^«ul'^, fe«s rivt 4ay« »ft«r th« natllinc 
«f th« Koiiet at Uiallmft, ffsxsB, f^rfftitur®* aur« not f»-vcr«d by 
• Qttfte, <^jii i ih^y ■viXX n^t be de^l^^M If auoh dlfioX».r&tion a«n 1»« 
rtAtona^bly »vol<^.e<l. C&nstxiiln.g th« le^^etion &i' ih« pc^litsy r«elt4i 
«>>•▼• lu th« s/inf)«r moot fi^'^ors^l^Xa to tho pli&ijutlfl', ;i« It is our 
duty to f!o, -vfn think It mwst fe* k«>l^ tiiss'i tJi® fiv* •■Tay notiet, 
vhioh i* requir«4 in &r%^0r t© avoid th® paliciy, ia»«i3» at laaat 
flTO flaye fvtfm the tiia* t?*® i*.©tle# ia rae^lvod or would io duo 
couroft ©f th« s'lftlld ^« raetiv®!;! ^y th# ^«rt.v s.e *?hoi.i It lie 
glYftn, Aay oth«r OQ«»trncti©» »ight lu »«»« ©«««• «a»*an th«.t 
th« policy w^omI-^ %» f!9Tf<*ltt« fe#f»r« ttj« n»tl<s« womI'I Ik lue 
««iar«« ©1" th<» SMllt r«a«h th# policy hol^or, A »o«i'wh»t sla4» 
l«ur provl »ior; in * *y-lair of :ftji lwiistjrji.r»c-« eomitstny httm 'befln oo 
OoaAtr^ff'! "by tli* fapress* c»«yt ©f Ihis ataite In Jls^JijjuJi* 

Th<6r« tTx* th<9rfflfs3r» lie wvi'lmiQ» l«s th« yftoor* 
toniltt^ to «ii0w Umt the j»el4oy fead fe««« oan««li«<l at thw ti»o 
thlt loss e««urr«d, ^i;? It was ti.3;<ftrftJ*ore «rror for tu« court 
to BubJKlt that t^westloK to the Jury. 

rh*- conolustien at wiileh wa have arrivo4 ok tUl» 

Holrt will f&aktt it unn«ce»«ary to -^iaottoo other trroro »■- 

otfiRod «m«» wrguo*. Altimug^i *« will «*A»o atat© tii&t wi oximlna* 

tlon of th« record ^iooioooo orroro «• to tuo iix1t.d»«ion of 

ovidenot fui4 In ••Ys»r»a lafttmotiono glvon at 4of«ri<!«mt •• ro- 
4tt«tt. 

>'or thp re*«or» Inlloat^^l thw 5u''f*i»«nt will "fe^ 

r«vort««l oji^ th» o&tjoo r«ff!»vn«o4, 
kcSurely ,P. J; and JolSiDeon,- J. , . coiMicur, 



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Piled alone Febry. 21, 1927. 

110 • ,5itaif %wrum^.m^mt opikiojs. 

ii«is-mfc>-»y BOTOH CO., » ) ^ 4 ■ .tA. v. 

Cvmer&tioR, ) 

Appellant, 1 

Of «eoK ccniKiT. 

Appall •%«. ) 



MR, JTTJTICI MATGHTO aiLl^SUXB THI OFIKIOM O:? THK COTTttT. 

Mni?« th« fllljijg oS" th« oiplfilon h«r«tefor« rendered, 
fh« vlalntiff, apD^XlaKt ir* thle. court, has bh>y«<1 that the ert)«r 
revtireing; jmisJ riMa«n«UnK th« aa,u0« ^« iae<!lflest niaA that j«ai5»*«t 
be *nttred In thta cowrt In faifRr ©i' plaintiff, *i»p«ll8knt, <wjd 
egfiiiiiit tfefendUkftt, :gn»T»<»3.1««, ^'or th<s 0\se5 of |548-9,oa. 

The iin^i»i3«it#«lf. «>vlf't«iee show? tU^t tl5.« i*ctuol Io«» at 
the tt«# of the fire wae $4899; that that «w« Tsecaaan d«e en the 
17th 'Se.y ef a«f»t«»l»«ir, 1934, smd tJaat int«*r««t at five prtx eent 
upon vai<1 HOBOunt fren that la^tfi ^yintil the d»te ef the opiiiloa 
here, fabruary 7, 19 «7, at five per cent asaftunts to $S86,C2, 
»&JidnK a total »um of |&4SS,02. ^ 

it vae con tended l»y thaf pl-'kljatill' l^ th* trial court 
that, «▼«» ir it were o«»no«d«ift tiiat the notice of conoellation 
vae ▼aH<? an?^ «ufflol«srt, nefirertkelesi the «nGoiitra41cte4 evideace 
•h»we4 that It had feeer. Ib faet walve««. Ihltn eourt, h-^inn of the 
opinion that the .iotlee oi eaBceili*tien wae not eufflclent, fomtf 
it unneoeeeary to deeide that question. 

Km the ametmt ©f ■lasif^K'** B«»t«lnff'i i» not (Uf»T»«te^, 

there io no i^ueetleB Ir, thr- oa«!<^ -'"or s. jury, 'ini we Uiiai, upon the 

authority of KirJch t. yoreQ)iri«r Jloim^&tJ^^ 31» HI. 3**. »»* 

Mat ▼. ColwBlilan Nat'l lifo In». QQ .. ^1« H1» '^^^^ '^^» the motion 
of the plftlr.tlff «houl<t h« grant**. Th^t i»^t of the or<5er rorand- 
ing the oauae wllX ^«* »et aal'^e. Ju'?«««r.t win h« ent«re(^ hero la 
favor of «Jalntiff, a?»p«ii«ijit, ;md :-««alnot defendant, af>n#.ll««, for 
the •'j» of $54aR.Q^« 
iioi^urely, F.J., luid Jcivnetoii, J. , oonour. 



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152 - aiL^as 

Appellant, ) A/?fiAL FROM XUHICIPAL a;UttT 

▼• I OF CHiCAao, 

Apptll«ft« ) _ 

24 4 I.A. 628 

m. JUSTICS mfClISTf mLXVSBSr^ tSE OfiaXOSf OF XMJv COURT • 



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The pl^int&f r eucd on u cl.yia for money «.Xl«goc to bar* 
been loaned the defendcmt ^ItJa Interest tl&ereon* the loan* as 
s<lleged» ^eing evld^need liy aa X* 0* U. of the defendant* sliced 
luut dellTered on Hoireiobex' Zi, 19ia, and f eicnowledglag tua indebted* 
nees due on th^ t d^te of I310* ft&m further menorbadft »ade there- 
onf it appeare<0 that other su»» t!?ere .id<r«aeed %nd oredltc j^iront 
Mui th^it there vae a i.ot?r»l balance Ql^»i»ee! due to the plaintiff 
at the tiflM of brittfiiag @uit« Including interest* of $4'Jt*Z\i» 

The "xffldaTit of awrits lleged jy w«y of defeaee l^hat 
the plaintiff advnnoed th(?is& 9u^^ of money to the defendant* yur- 
Bttnnt to the terae and oondUione of a written eontro,et aade between 
plaintiff nad nefen^i^at on (ipt&aber 'i<* 191:it in and whereby the 
plaintiff had agreed bo furnleh the neoeaeary isoacy to C0tr«^ all 
expenditures for the applio^ition and proeecutioa of elalaui for 
pateata on a eteel t)ound box and rotary eteel bound box naohine* 
and to defray all expenditures nece»»«ryf plus 51,000, for the oon- 
•truotioa of '.he ariid rotary eteel ioouad box « ohlne to be built 
by the defendw.nt, in ooneideration of *hioh defeadioit aeslfe-ned to 
the plulatiff a one«half in:ier«et in all the p. tent e io be ieeued. 

The trial wae by the « urt without a ^*ry* ^t the oon- 
olueion of the evidence , the eourt expressed the opinion th»t tho 
agreeaent of ^^epteaber V, l^li, tvi&e in th nnture of a partnership 
<Mpreeneat and eonatituted a p.ii tnershlp betvoen the plaiatiff oad 



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remedy 
the defend mt* and upon the theory th«t plaintiff's / ^^e in 

R eourt of chnacery where an uooounting joight he itae between the 

I»»rtner«, the court a&tie >x rinciinjr; for thm aet&nAtmt, upon whioh 

the Judgment, in favor of fSefenr; *nt, ««.» entered, from rhieh 

Jttdgmtat pleiatlff h-e taken tMe appeal. 

The defen<Jant hse not appeared in %hi» court to support 
the Judgment entered, %ad xf9 h^rt therefore heen obliged to con* 
eider the oaae vlthout ae^lstanee n«» to bXes vievis of the r@oord* 

Upon the trial, plaintiff testified in hie wn behrilf m 
to the execution of the :• 0. ll«,the correotneet of the atemoranda 
thereon, and the njaount due, and the ingtruaent vn.a stdmitted in 
•Tidenoe. Ho further testified thai thia moxi^y ttA» loaned to 
defeadftttt aft«r the exeoution of the >rittsn oontract on 

eptember S, l^JXS, itti; that there wn© no ie^jjon for its execution 
exo«pt that defend'^4it oved plaintiff mon^ry; th^^t the aonejr ad> 
▼i!Utoe<!i was not need by defendant in K^ing a smehlne; th: t defend- 
ant told pl)%intiff he WT^nted the fi^et loan to p&y t«:ixea oH hia 
house which ««i» to be sold* 

The defendant testified in hi» >%n behalf admitting tliii 
execution of tne I* 0. U«, emd, over the objection of plaintiff, 
he '<«aa pexttitteti o teatlfy that '\% the tisM of executing the 
X* 0* U* he hn<L Boae rent to pay for the shop he »o:i^ed in and 
had to pay for power, light tm^ coal to Jceep the place warm eo he 
could work, and th»t he r aked plaintiff for oon^ to got along 
with for the adTariOftiesnt o" thio work} that plaintiff replied, 
"We hATO acid thle thing i we hare entered into a aontr et and it 
io all eovtled now with the ; «pa)slie Box C0i&ps:my» There ie no 
use of ay adrancinf* auiye .>:'->ney beo;»a»e you will get it all bnok 
froH the Bepubllo Ceaipany* " You (jive ne a note f»r 1370, 

wod I will eanool that ae soon as we uakc this deal** Tnyther 



•i- 



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tHat plaintiff is4l(i, "Tou know I proaised to glre jou llt^OO 
en thla i»i.ehln«« anA w« ei?a aloe take ea,?e of that*** 

Iitfendaat further testified « **X ueeiS tn« oeney I got 
fro« hia for oxpenotn suoh a29 wood for p«^tt«rnst for dr&wlag 
sAtorial* for tl»o X put in thc^ra a X hfi4 ao other oocupatlea 
- la asking tho » oblao <%n<d box aisntioaod la this eoatraot. 
Hs did not advoaoo amy othax ssoneyis 9)ccept this 1590. He eav 
no working on the mchlne nftor he nd7»mo«d tho ooaoy* I did 
not oosiplete the sgaehino. I had no 2^ney. He p&ld no noro 
aaonoy* I gmve hln (ua aeslgm^nt of tho patent ni the tlno ho 
■ode the oontraet." 7he defoadi^t o«ye th:vt ho uoed uboolutely 
none of the money for im.yimn% of taxes on hie hemei but Aaod It 
to p»y some of hla eurrent <sxpen»'6«t durlnj^ th^^^t period on tho 
ehop wad his living oxpen8«e» and '^1 borromea money froB Mr. 
Xauiow for llYlng expeaeoi! while I <va9 ivovklhg on the box» in 
tho ofToeaent Ut* Lunow (SMgreon to p&y %1I expeaeoaf*" 

Tho eoBtrmot betves» plaintiff and defendant is in otI* 
denoo* In PArugr».ph £ thereof* plaintiff sagreee "to furnioh all 
neoooonrx noney to defray all oxpeadltmres for the applloition txnd 
proooeutioa of patent o for thn r Id ::toel Bound Box and the i^ald 
Ikttmxj Sto«!l Bound Box »aehlne.'* In the shlrd pa» grsph, plRin- 
tiff aigreea *to furnioh to the ar^id Charles leedAle sufficient 
fvado to defray aill expenditures aeeee^^ary* plus ll|000» for tho 
o«aotrttotlon of the eaid Hotary ^toel Bound Hox Mnohlae to bo 
built by the estld Clii^rloe Jescale*"' 

We thitik this coatr&ct Cf^nnot be construed to re^iuiro 
the plaintiff to pay the current living expenoes of cicfead«B%» 
oad th«t the foot that defendant gave hie It 0. U. for the aonoy 
advtuioed ehowc clearly thv.t the partlee did aet adopt any sudh 
ooastruotion of these olnueoo as dofendant olalaod* 

Tho plaintiff "rgues porsuaelvely thnt the cvld aoo 



jsi ^<^««|*MII»''J;!»J:v^ 

i'x -:cl tiflfd^it^ 1i;o «^/JjtJ>ii ' 

i»«r ej5- :■•.,/,.. »' xil? "iMwafef. j:«>«#-.i \nfctt#»« ki»!» ^s ..■,%s..r'. .:««■. 

sfevi;. aria &«««I^v3m» I 



•f citifondaAt 'itat laadaieaible to vary tho t«nis 9f th« Z* 0* U« , 

C£., 160 111. 176 1 ^inotffiiaJLs.^ J2£lM« » ^3* ^U* App, 4»2, and 
aiany other crass, but whctthAi^ '^dnlfteitsrle or not* this evid«aQ« 
i« wholly lneufflei«Bt in our opiniorj to oioitabllAb th« defenso 
reliod on* 

Th« tri&l court too, ^<tf thlnkf «rr«d Id oortsirulns tho 
oontraet (which »%» gia>>ly on« in eubst vneo whereby plaintiff 
agrtoc; to atfYaneo e»rie!.i& laoneye to the def<maant» cm inroiitor* 
la oonaldera,ti(»a of ths trsaafor of «a lat«»re«t la tho Ir.Tttntioa} 
&» a pftTtnarship* 2ad«#d» th« oontr?%6t proTldtts for the orgnal* 
•ailon of a cors»or''tion to mkaut'-ctutn the Artleleo ooTered hy 
the 9« teats nnd to eell rlght« wad tier the saaMt* 

th« -Juirora i^artaiarehip Aot (c1i«?.pteT 106af Call ghan'o 

111* '^^tat . nao«> vol* 6» la sec* £ thereof) whieh <JieflaeB a 

Partnership aleo etateg: 

"Jolat tenoaejn tenanoy Ik coajsioa* tenancy lay 
the entire tiea» Joint propertj» common property or 
part owaerehlp, do«ii nofc of Itsnlf ^^st'^^bliah a par-' 
tavBohip whether ^uoh oo-o«mera do or do aot sthore 
la the profits aade l»y th& use of the property. ** 

:"e« aleo Haad t* •1108^ t9A 111. 8.^» and to^neead ▼» areff ory,;^ 

1;S2 111* pp* 192 1 whei*e oa eiiailar facto to those which here 

appear the courts held u partaerahip w»o net oreatad* 

It follows la our opinion th«tt plaintiff was entitled 

to recover t and the Judgaient Xsa therefore rersreed with a 

finding of facts aad Judga^at here for the synouat of ^^477*22* 

RSTKKSSiS WItK ■■nUV.aWa OF FACJTa 

ASP rammvt wsm* 



Johastoa ead u 

Mo curely, P. J*, aad John«toBt J*» ooaoux* 



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153 - 312aS 

immm of F»cfs. 

We find aa ultioiate facts ia this oastt that the 
defendriBt is indebted to the plaintiff for money losmeti to 
defend mt hy plaintiff at dief endant*g reque&t in the sua 
•f |384t together with interest thereon froa October 15, 
1920, at the rste of fire per csnt per annua, aaountlag 
to |93*2S, and aiaking n total uxjm due from d@fen<l<%nt to 
plaintiff of (^477.22, for ^hich sua wc find the plaintiff 
ie exititled to Judgaent* 



i£Si^. 






192 - 31314 



▼• ) ^.iHCUir couiitT, 



•■— - i -^44I.A. 629' 

SR« ju:.TxcK ukfcmtt mMvms^o tm opimov ov tm camt^ 

JTbe plmintijTf sued ^» RBiswupslt ui>oti '<; premlegosy not* 
And upon trlM.l by Jury & ir«irdlot «*.» given In hie fayor for the 
Sim ef $l»559»6Sf upoa ^hloh %ha court, overruling notions for a 
n«w trial and la arr«e&, ent«r0d Judfpaent. 

Tlio 4«fe]is« relittd upon -.me t^r>it thti notd m^» given 
vithout oonsider^bloAt ■i*sui it lu i^rgued tb'tt the vortUot of 
the Jury la againat the s^nlfeat v;elght of the eviatne** 

The plaintiff upon the t'rinl pTod\ie9<i. the note* and 
the sMie vae offered rm<\ ree©iv9d in evidence. Be fiurther 
testified thnt pnyment, h&d bean d^mande^, uh-t he aa« 1^* Lovell 
and Ir* i^juberton align th@ not®* r>n<:i that It v s given for 
$^1»25S*29, vhidh th« Jijodel Auto Company o«7ed plaintiff for the 
rental of a g^zr^e, 

the defendant testlfl*$($ tha he told plaintiff "I 
would give the not« te«pornrily» until th& Model uto Coapai^ 
■ade oolleotions on open u.acoumt'^ to pay this indebcedaeaij* 
Mr. Langan ^greee to thir. iJid I told him to have Mr. La«ibertp« 
BljKli It with »••* 

(hi oroaaooxaKiln tion, cjefondant toatlfled that 
La«hertoa» the other »im<iT of the note, and ho, defendant* 
wore la the eutoaohlle buaineao together 'tt Clinton, Iowa» 
froa 191^ to 192S, and thrtt they did bUKlne»B under the 



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aa«e of Model /^to ComptuBgr) that an <3i«dy 1^* I9av.« h« solA out 
oad dldaH giro ihl« R9t« un&il he »8us oat of the coatpaayi that 
at th&t ti»» th« Ko^ol >^ttto Cttwp&t^ owe4 Mr. lAagaa four or flTO 
nonths r«nt» kiu! th3,t the Model ^uto Company idTtonsardci wont 
into bftnkruptoy* 

i/efendsmt furthsr denied tossimony of plaintiff to tho 
sffeet that pl«lntlff has a&ia he would att&oh the ^ecouute of 
the Xodol Attto ConiMMKjr ualiioo h« rec@iv«fi tho aota* 

The burden of proof was upon tho (iSffendi^nt to establinh 
th« Oefsavo of wnnt of oo»8i(ior<;tion hy ». prttpond@r$.nee of the 
©Vldenoo. McMlcicOR V» apffordj 197 111. 540 1 .^JBhlotter ▼• 
TK.%?Mk9 234 111. 412* We. think th® jury fjoul<S fairly infer 
froa clefeB<:i.!^.nt*8 own eric^noo that th€t note was glToa for sua ia- 
ttehtednoas of the »<^^«r8* Ten if this were not 80« the )vaj 
noTerthelota ooolil holioTO from tho e^ridt^eo 6h%t plaintiff ro- 
fraittod froa oxdroielag his legal right to attach the i^ooounte 
of the Model Attto CongM^ny. in silths^r oa(se» there 'i^tfould ho 
anple eonsider tioa for the note. The def@»9e Is without asorit 
•nd the Judgment ie ^^ffiraed* 

Mei>ttrely» ?• J*> «ad Johnaton* J*» coaeur« 



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S41 • 31573 

s». smifim rnktmrntv wm.tvmm.'^ ^ ofikic® of tm ccmt. 

%111 «« ai^««a«4g hmld %h«i -pl^m &f tU^ ^m£&.ti4m>t MX9X Cms^Mi^ to 1»« 
ele«ttjs/. t« ^l<t« l>3r ^« bill as Mi«»4e4, dl«mle»Rd tij,© smm fmr 

Chiea^, 111 lee I », 3«.&r 3i£'; Is 9,es-@rdai:je4g vrith our Tftrbal 

tJj« r&t# ef ^1'^ sr©»«ii»@ic« ©sa th9 first llSC' »Ovii . ?9t} au<l 8.1$ e»ak» 
liivaiojs on «v«jfj-|.iili3# o^er tiiis a6^u«t. Yeurs truly, ^«x 
Shas^^^t By J, C. fi.€rKea«i, i^resjidciit. Aee«$fte^: A.cEitiCti.* 

«<N«pii!de32it •at«f«4 tii^OR Mai <^|^:io^#».t t^d {M2tft4 «ts siieb £ihb«x>«1. 
aiMt«^«r ^tii t^« aai4 day ©l* Jsoiaory, 1922, durieg vMcdi tl»« h* 
r«««lv«i «&4 er«4 tt*d tl3,« »«» of 1X0,930, •¥«l»«*; the ci*i^«E»fttlo» 
»«««lv«4 rjfOK ^e salt ^. e. K<irtifi&<«i aaii tJi« Ar«x Cewotay %• 
4at« ©f filing M« Mli ©f «©«^lalRt,* 

It is »i»9 av«rrei thAt K#mefeflO wfta durlafi ftli thl« 
tiiu» tfe* •ei« e^»p ef tij^ capital stoclc of th« Atf^x Coapaisy, s^i 
that i^ris^ ttoat tl»« EffrBe^i*.';, thrtm^ •tooi e!«fi«r«hl$, esase te be 



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Mt 6«il £idr^ ^aHifP .S£t£ , 

•# vi»«aBC j»«A iMfl htm mmlstwKi 

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iSiisHN imeit 



th« 0W&9T vmA in control of thft 7, c. K«*mch«n Got.pany, sun Illificis 
cersoratlen; that 1i« leeat«(^ tii« cGspany l« th« ofrie«« of the Ar«x 
e^Bt^jMiy 9rA r>l vcei th« saiffifeij^.^^t and control thereof in th« hands 
©f ooE39^ »lip.a»t , nB^f tii^it ee^flain^int a«t*<J as genftPttl ssanagar of 
th« J. C, KerrjohftB Cetsusmy froej th« k11I1» of S«c«8iab«r, It^SO, until 
J^armitry ^t, 19^2; th&t «^i&plsissat aet^iia^d tlvat £:«mehffiR, fc«iiig th« 

♦vi?»r ftf li©t.h &tinpsaai^»f, *&s a-iat-'^srlit-e^ to ext^jpi ! th« contract of 

that he 

«B9l«ysMifit »»& Ac 4ii2, 2itiri5 that cefepX$ita.aat g«rfor©«iS f%ithf^jHy 
•11 4uii»« c®a»#et«^ ^tk th* ftsiactioB of isaK^ral «8tta^g«r rf th« 
#• C. £«m^^s u«asp«ys^ for ttal.i purled af time, l^ui r«e«iT€4 b« 
ftirth«r e(«|>«n««tl(Ms th«r«fer, sA'"! %im.t h% wtm ii3dui2t«d ae t« 4« 
liy th« widerstsftdilttg ^imi the written eontra^^t <&ov<*r«€i hi a ti^ipioym 

Tli« feill f?irt-n«r nilltg*® Wist t'ue eontrsct is AEKbigu- 

ona a>»4[ oAuablA ef t«?e &r mum itmmiaign as applicaliXe tc pa^^inta, 

in that (tr«iriag a«er-tjs;st m$ij 1»« eimstruft^ »8 »dT«Ace» in ih« way of 

loans, or smy )»«' <3oc«trt»«d %e fli£«d lieilsillty so aal&ry, but >T«ro 

that toth is«drtl9S eo>a9tr»&<f th? »nm^ to i»«aD salary: that upsa ft«A 

OOB«tr72ctloa, thi»r« was ^tje t© eoiS'plalwSiBt th(?i ovw of SSBOr; fr«« 

th* Ar«x CossTp?«y »B4«r eal-t ecstraet; that the books, «aloa r*»cor<Ja 

aavi aeo^tiRts, *h#r«^y h«? esuia b^ow Konoy <?ae "ua '. o«l«g fQT aeririees 

Ib th# eonatrtietion of the eontraot »«t a^r»r>coa "by way of loans, w^rs 

in th« posn^Xftlon ©f th« ^ef ssr.'S&j'ts, aKl t^iat he had no »«ans sf 
•hewing the saa&s, 8fi4 tkorefore aak^^ that th« 4offtfidant8 eaks 

diaeoTSry of ths saaa; tkafe he hwl fro» tta« tu tiso requeBt«<! aa 

assoi»itiBff, whloh had Imiss dsnied. 

By an a««a^aai to th# bill it was averr«rd that the 

aeoouct of eoi^laii}»Bt was entered upon the books of both the 

Arsx Coapany a«4 the J. C, iLemchsu CoKpany, in ro*;ar5 to servloes 

rsfidsvsd ondsr aaifj ceritraet, as widRf-ctd by it>&y«seiits of sscas by 



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h^th o»efpsiiif!9; that eoiepl«>i»^y&t rtm^r^d mueh «enrlces ta loth 
eospftfiies eo&curr«xitXy, ttfidftrsteoiiiag tiiat tins per««Ktatge b;^««4 ee 
his eostr»et &» s^dlfted eov«r#d tfe» #al#is of T&ath ce»|»«iai««, aRd 

for «&1^ tens ae eo-partrs«r« Ift ts^* ej^Ieysaettt of «oiapl4»ijsafet s»dor 
iii« i8Traeg<^.«>a»t sr&at^sd l^«ftw©««. them b^ tii© ssiid J. C, K.«r«abea, th« 
«t]&«r 49tfmt:.Sim%, aU'! fe-^t^iMWa th«sa siKt?l hist stsj. to said arrafi^^aent. 

It ??a« a,ir#rr5-i iSmt t^ft sml«« of eacti ooBfiKey aiB6tmt«4l 
t# a atjgs «3K5«9fllng |*?5,0C?0; that a larg® n^mbsT of walftt fea« aet 
1»««jrs «iit«r«4 iis th« feeskt mttll aftfef the t«fr(tsiK?*tlon ©f eei'4^1alB- 
ant*s swEpl«yg5».-st, -sfeleh «sl#a a^o^a aaT« hees ex-^'Uti^d tu th« e©a- 
pl^aln-^nt; that ccs^pIaiE^at ir«s ijJ23.rg#«S «ith larg® si^.a of ii£©ja«y p»i6 
•«it fer th* eoKf^nQt ©f tfci* "teii«i*i«®9, ■*■? :4e.h stj^ul^ ha*?-© b««i& charged 
to t&« fcaaljs*»«; ail eS' ^hi«h st-a4« %b.e aeesajitiag e»s»Xie&ted i«c| 
dlffl&ult t« pr»»#js& t© a jury; 

tJiat daring eospl %iBisst ' « as^leya^tit both defeB<l»Bt 
««Bn^«fir«ies eesupied tarn es£i« sli'lees iizi40]r «&;sfpls^in;jg&t*8 s^ervlsloB; 
tliat r-^rlBg that tis^e complaiGafit reverted ?ai;i a|>p^ii«4 t© J« t', 
I-«Tftch«« »j) the ©sis o'wjjer mt'i 4ir#-©tf>r ©f tna speira.t lone of th© ^«- 
fttndaBt #©si^ai4i#«; tJiat at thfi' ti^sfi ^f y^g eseeatien of Uae tiotatraot 
E.«r&6h«a t&Xd s&mpl^intmt th&t edmi»li»i&;mt «»8 r@ef»@iseibl<0 to uia; 
th&t h* •3ri^#et«»l hiss to take «^ all a^attsya in eo«E«»etioK vith th« 
d9«rifctl©n of the «m«pemt&« ^ith hla; 

That tfe« c&Dtra«i was ^itaout t3« aoal of th« 1«f«adiset 
aorporatlds and »a» tr; faet fc?i<3« witc ths said Eercr:h.en lo the n«m» 
•f B«id tsf^Bawnt «oi-s»«r*ti©n to b« pai4 ©itt ©f tfe« ftsniSs of the 
saiH eorpor&tlasi sk» Gp«r»&io» ®:a:{)«n«tt ozid wami b« s»&etni«4 with 
r«f«re&6« t@ th« J. a. ^.^-mau^K Qomi^tmy aJl«6. 

S]&« prfty«r 0f %h« bilJ. tsra* that th« d«f*cid«Bt« ahoold 
taaMnur ged ea aeceai.tiBt; d®f«i.ii8«t.ta, or aes of U^K«i, be ^x«cre«d t« 
9a;r th« MBHunt foyad dti«. 



"iiUtcri^'y .-S-^ntjuxt; ^ 'i : -.^iu: -i^Mts «l(»»«< »4i »i b9%9ia» a»*tf 

haft- ^ :<i5«i.«©«s - - «i 

•ai;.. ..?«tj»JLt£,5= .iMJi^mt< ,-tJMlgaBraJI 



thm 4«f«n<«%nt», J. C, JSL«rRoh#K kmA J. C. £«rr<cU«n 
CMip«n7, ai»«lgn«'» »• r^aaens i'or a soeclal desmrrer tk&t tfe« bill 
wa« £iiilt.lfari&ias sua-i that It aopear«d %ii«refroffi that ^« cettplti^lBtsnt 

the Ar«s Qc&ifismy fti^d Itf fitrsi^ ij% inhXeh it *ilege><i 
tii»t |»rl©r to the bagijasdng ©f tMs feuit, ©b J^« g6, 1928, in th« 
S«i9«rldr ^urt ©f Ce®}£ Csissty, so;«i?lfiiBaat fer«Ri?ht jam ^eti^ja Ir 
•••«n9ttit Aff ^laitjtirf stgalBSt s%i(i {Jefendiuatp as aole dsfendant. 
•laimini^ 4a»agea afratuet the ^sfsfidant In the staa cf |5,000, asd 
fil«d A ^««I%ratie>s Ik tJb.ls la^ ig»t*lt ^oneiaitlnf. of the ee^ssBsoii oO'?nt» 
ftJltJi !*» affidavit ©f ftlalK, alleging that al'ter ftllo*rinjg all cra^lta, 
4l«tf«i<laet v&e lRd#¥t#d id hXm in tne atim of |2d66,«36; timi, that «ult 
^as 1>%««4 ve^ii th« ej«£»'^ 8&»4r!^t %'M0]a is ^i^rft «^Sit on; ^^hnt th« 
Arox Oesefittajr t*ii«j4 its plea of the gst^^rfel ieeae t« «al*« tl^ciari*- 
tlen, tdgei^ier ^trith i!@ affld^iirit ef merits Var^jflis^ liabililsjr; Khn% 
th« oau«!v^ aasf-.^f o-'i t& tee h^sird «»u ^^srcsi 2S, IfSS, bfeferc a iudg* iai# 
* ittJ^r upaa «vi:l3a<!« of fared by th<j p?jgpifei-je. au«a taat at iia« oeut** 

Vy tXie jvfy Ui>9£i th£ direuiii^n o^' Uza (iatiJf-6, fiudx&^ t^ i^it&ties in 
favor of thid def^^-^anit '«p&^ Uxfs m^^ttu Ui^i'mitfi U^at I'la^j'^l^fas i'er a 
■«ir urial ^uivl in ^rrsat vi' jui4ipai»it "sror^i iie^rd oiid «T«j^-%tii«d by th« 
eourt sad Jud^js^iat «£tt«r9d ut>on tbe vcx'ctiot <^s tlr.d morita oi the 
eauoo 1» favor of Aafeiidant aii ? afeaiRot the eci^lalBaat *» plain- 
tiff, aa^ that thsTotey th« idsn ileal rii^hta, claie^s, Int^rasto «inS 
iOKnaa^fi aoftorii^d, »ll«9g«<? ar.fi mTesrred 1»y th« eowpl^iinajBt tn hi* 
Mil of con^lalnt, wera full^ an«1 eoBiplstely d«t«rsii »■%«<» Adljadieatad 
«•<! «staiaiRho4 a#r^l««t ^ii» aB<S Ifi fsTor of the daf ondant , aaa tliat 
th« oaid iarsior aetiot* •-*, Xa-v, th» oororal prooo«aing« ha4 tnor^la, 
ana th9 final jadc^or^t astll^ r*B?akln«'d iw J-uH force soj^ of foot, 
wnrav«rBe<ft, uiia.!>p»*i84 fros ..-nd nut va..7at«d. 

It i» q\}ita a iff ic at to ttna«r«tan« upon wh%t th««jry tho 



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■fell! «s ««2«K<l«a e«tiX4 fe« «««tsiifi«<l, aiija it eertfticly s«tft tip Kt« 
«ftus« «r lEietioB s%s to /, g, iiLern«a«rj pt»r«o».8JLly, fojr the eontraet 
ii|»os which It Is "ba***! sne-s^s ele»rly %kin% h® sct^ftd onl^ tu » 

•ffset tbat ««s srfl.e#r sf a ?^©n5srst l^r* tss n«t ?*^raDr..«illj lt»bl« 
tickon nn {nstr?i^«»t flfeiel* 4» #xe«ut-e'-| ¥y Hia is fa** n-ajs*? ©f the 
eor^©r&ti©SB, A f«w <jf tae sstnf €»»©« «rIs.iok slight Tse- eit«4 ar» 

iyi5i:s.-sl«jil4u*i«-Jaaiti» s"? ^^i» ^^^'^^ si'®> ISMSfja^Ls-JiaESiLlEas. 

131 III. A^p. SS^; SglfeULju^mM^CSSE. l^^ ^ii- -^P. ^81; MEtJi- 
— t»gB Coal Csmaaasy -? , 'gyryeXX. 133 lil. App, 472, 

It te el ear fy©& tji« aTerm«jit» ef t:h,« ^111 that J. C. 
iLerceliWB a«t«4 aisly is & rspareseatatlYe ijapmeity, Midi th&t &» is 
sot 9«rsoaall;f liable ©« ta© «;&«tract» H® wss tlifrrefor© ifeproperly 
J«i&«d &« a daffls^arit to ta.;e bill* 

It ia »iB» clear ?«■©«& xUm fiiGtg sset «p> is tUm alea, 

r«-|5llQatl©.o te «iiis>i uras wmi'¥®!i ^y tk« «®a^l%ijsant, thkwt oostpl^iii* 

aat ]!&« no e«^«« of ««tio£ a,£%ir>@t tli« Atmx Q^mpss^-^i th%t k« «l9ct* 

94 te ^rlng tttit at Xmm wn«ss tJit ©sstraet tflth r»»^»et t® th? ««»« 

natt«r« *hi«h &« »««k.«! t© lliigmt© h»3?«, a»d tJsat thet^*? ®*tt«-r« 

h*ylft^ b««B litlg*t««l as*! €€t«3*isi»«-''. i« in** foru» of -^i^ n^n chot^*, 

b« ea»net s?jsc«»gfta3.7 sri«w salnt&lB a s »1 1 ii? ^ court ef «Jiuity «i»«i 

th««« »ntt«r«. If Jis% lss4 r«e©ir«r8d ia th© »«it •*! l^fl*, his eontraet 

««t|14 hsvft fe#an »«!Tf«^ In ta« ^ltt,4jisa^Bt , 4»d eet h=svi»g i'«ce)Tffr«4 hit 

rl^t* «i;aiB«t th« ^«f«ad[ant Ar«x S^s^aay imfler tids coutrAct, hav« 

^•«!i flnaaiy adjudicated. Jflismiag. Xragteg^ v. acge . 125 111. Apn. 

265. 

It follow© of eoyr«« that if the defeiHaat .T, c. Korn c)i#b 
Co»|fany ow«« qoaf»l ale smt &njtrdGg, for tJio »ll«!ii«4 •«rvio«» r*>i<l«r»d 
to it by hia> Ms roasi^ at iair would Iw aaiple oad ooispleto. 

?)»• docree i» Afflrm«d. ««,«,.«« 

lceSttr«3y, p. 3^., sad Johneton* J., conctur. 












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} AFF>!'AJ. mem Cll^C^IIt Qomt 

> Of COOK cctjurr. 

m\, srsBnim MAfc^mn mx.j'^mm rm t^nwtm oy tm comt, 

Yh« T»l^lr!tirri »'.j«i^ in trover f&r on* t;HouH?ind iiaeka, 
3108 iH»vm<li» of onion 9«"H, .ysif! IMS. "buiHfsl® of oninnft, ©r th« valu*, 

as aU9fft^5, of #5»Ci*X), 

t35«r-« »a» % {il«'a ©f not gmtity, triiil by j-ary, >m'1 at 
th«.cl©«« »j' all til*' ffT4<!.«3i?c« *fe«!', ccnjrt Inatrtiotftd the jv.vy to find 
ih* di»l*«ntd^it ^isilty wri'? a«)s«af? th.$) <la*!tJ*^«» «t S40» the vtsx-illet 
w»* rtttjimtd &• 4lr««tt9!a, » Metloo of plj*l»UI*f« far « t.tw triad 

Th« #vi«?«no« ti?ari:-*-«d to tiio« itmt plaintiff t 'tre in 
1»tttitR«t8 iftt L''wl»vl'i.i#, JCafituoky, btt^iwet «ni? aeilleu onievn •«*«, 
a VaBlB«9« iB *Hi©h tij,«y ha^f'^i benn anga^ad f«r thirty yf»ar«: that 
tk* 4»f««'riaRt la « ftjrBs*r at L^.^iuM, C^'mk Govinty, Xllinfule; that 
In Jlare>i» 19 M, lir. K«Bi««n1»«r|7» 'i0tlii»? s« ag:wt. for pi nln tiffs, 
^•llT#r«>5» to thi> 'f^f «(i -wtnt SCO |>otjii3v?« of »BioK avM =^'.^ tol^ <!«• 
ftB^ant that ?il*liitlff» *^owld fiv« him flT* c^t« aore p«r bushel 
for ftnlcn« gr?jw» frwia thi© »ti*f4 ihmi tJaw 0u9tct»*ry |jrto« pmli %y 
•th«r ii^alffra. Ik oomplisvnc* with Umt «MBr9«'a.*nt tu« »««4» w«r« 
furnlB'ftari by th« plaintiff* to thff fl«f *»n1.:*fit. 

Latrir iv. %h« euKis^r on* «f tiit ^i&lriilff ■, ^T, Ha^.11- 
ton, i©««t-ier with fcr. Si«nlg«»ibttrg aof! *.r, l>lllB<»r, want tc tha 
fax» af t)-A<s 4«f«i^aaAt t: U*9!3t>a'. saxii loeJt o^ar th» gjroving orcp 
»al»«fl rrtkia thl» •«*<!. ^t tkiit. tla© Mr. Hj^ftlltcn /*?^k*»t1 tins -?*- 



«»!/! 



is; 









f«n4»nt 'srhwr*' th*- ero?^ iw»», -a^K-! th« <l«j"en'^jwtt, teok hl». int« th« 
fl«l(^ wtior* thff partloulnr nrrnp fr^m th%i mm vas lrHteftt«<! >»y 

•t«if«» WB* »».i<l, "herft l«« y«u.r«.* fs-fw^ant, also »t'Jt«»ti ih»t «t 
that ttffi© h« thotMrJjt th* cr©0 »fnj2rt firo!l,a«# >5«tw»»«'5; s«rww eniSfS aljjht 
^tt»hel»t to tli0 ©o-unj?. 

In Octotefrr, lf34, ( tuat bsin^i ihf*. •,.':r;<. ;o a.r . -u^ ?,»* 
onions), »>>r« Sawllteft an^ litr. .f^eigftnTsnyg «iiSAl» ytnni to thf?i v.,r- ol* 

■f«n'lisint. that lt« h&j* «ostt«* to r«o®i'>r<:« th« onioao), Otffttj^ttwt ranliftd 
th»t h« ktt«-m nri thing Abttut it, f^iA upon b»ii)f; r«salnt1«<} ol' th» 
fa«t th»t lift h«i« Isefom tM« aJiowi is tli« ag;#jRt ef th« plKlntifft 
th« onien »«ts jtrowiiiK ii- tj-i« j'i^tld, r«rfjlt#'3 i!;at h« knciw nothing 
ft^«ut tt. PlalntlffB fiftttt *ef«^'i«r»t o»« tJi^ueftn-!! aAOkt to 1»« w»«4 
In tacte.lBf th« oiii«»RS, ^m*, fifttT^%Tit» vl«lt«-l tH« -^•fwr'aint swi* 
9»ttd# a d»«iA»5i^ for th«»3, AJ!*ts>r r^^alieg thins <?«tKj,«wid, th* plAlntlfft 
t»ii4#r«4 iit»? 1b es(»»jBy |17i34.4ti, »?hleh ^■4!cf««j^^ant r«fuin»fi t<» Hco«*pt. 
Hr. «*»nlet»V>nrff t*»»tli'l«"-? th^x at thfit tlia« h*» »«ii'^ t© th« <!#• 
f«fi<f.«iit, "I toX'l hi* I 4i1fj't ^m\% to fc«t hlcv or .vuiyon* ftla« in 
trott1»l«, bwt that h» wa?i«'t to-i»4« tJi® rl,,at t.ain«, anfl unXci** !!• 
•MM tt|i 'Arj^ r?i:i what w<Mi rl«:..-it a«« w«b g^ing t» got in troU)»l«; th«n 
li« tald, ♦! nev*r hm<^ refua'tsd to <l«iiir«r th««»« •«t». • H« a«l<S, 
♦OiY« JK« tvo t!ay» t© thini thi» ^v«r.** 

fla« (ivl4<m«j« rurti'A»r t«ftd!,«'J t© unow th*t tJxt marli«t 
T«ltt« of onl©B« In 0<jtofee3r» 1924. wa» two dt>Xl*ri» tt bushel. Th# 
iMrktt i»rlc« ojT th« t>««tt wa» feur awtta «acii, »sn I it 1« »ppwp««t 
thm.% th« Inntruetlon «!▼•« *>y tn« ftouxt w»« upon tn© theary that 
th« <<*r<»n4ant w»» ll*bl* for th« valua ©i' th« bags but that ft« 
was not liable in thiw »otl©r, f&r th» non-«?«ll*e»-y of the onion*. 

Tn« controlling nmrntion Ir. th« cms le wtifrthwr th« 
9lalntlff« are «Btttl«<l ttB^*r the «Yi'i«MO« to rwcovcr feh« Talu* of 
th« enlonc. 



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Thl» «»otlon wft« in trover, m4 in or^ev to »itt.infe»iii tJmt 

ft«ti«>& it 1» naeoBaary t& Biio* a ri^^i of property an4 |»«es<¥«sion tn 

th« i>l&intii'3' w>i© »««», !?>i«r«i: 1» iw* 40ttbt th&t ^owiag cropa, t^tiXl 

aanaxt/i to th# koII, ns^ bt? ig&ld a» pt^raoK^ikX pro]9«rty mid timt «a 

a«tu^ aionual Aftllvttry Is nut «««fis«aejry la ©3rd«r to v«»t tJi« till* 

In th« vfmatft. Xt wai^ so ii«l*S l« BalX y. gylwc^,^,^. IS 111. 631; 

^TH^'f ^'t >ltfth, !vs 115, Ji73j lhm3>.mm. v. tjikitf^. ai ui. atw, all 

of which <)ri»e» w«r« «I««14*4 |»rii»r to ihfi ^rtAetiawut of the ttolfor* 

8«i«» A«% «fti>r«tv«^ ffii»fli ^, i^i""*^ »«« tjsi tij*.atira • » i,iitn©i« Utv. 

*t»t, IfSS, ehfiiT8», 1314, », SfJW, T» iis n^i t'lad anyt^vljeg tn th« 

in 
lurlofs «rhl«h l»'Ue»>ti?» tl?!ti.t tli« et«ttttt«> k/aj^/sofiiy way oiijsngeidl that 

gWiiwrdJ r«l«. Th<*»e ''!««jlBieR» tal-i ( %b the atatwts sis© (Jtelar**, 

B*« s#c». 17 If} It) that in «!5oii3tr»at« «f «ai«i no i>ro|iK»rty in tha 

goad* la tr«mi»ftrra;i to Ua^ 'bu:^«»r xifil«8H or until th'^ goods ara 

a0oartal»«<t, .■*r..1 that '^iisra tii^ra !» a oc>titya«t te s^ll speoifle 

•r aaoertatoert ii5;®©d«, t*s.« prepurty i» trj»*®f«rr<»4 t© th» buyvr at 

a«ah tlwaa aa %im iP^O'tl^ef %n tij^a dc^ntrmat Intomtt t« ba tr>»n6f 6»rr«d. 

th«»a »««itic;ii» furtiisr proYlifl* in »ufejst*«ie« t.h*t i&r 
tka ^firpota of a«aart».i33ini tii« lf*t««»tio« of th« psirti*-*, ri»gara 
•h«ll be ha.1 t© thfn ti^sTOa of tk# oojstract, lh«j ijtin'luct of th« s>'*r- 
ti«», uoagaa of trai^a aii4 tht a-ire-i^ataaassa* of the oa8«, Th« 9<90- 
•»4 rulfl fe»r aaoartslnlBg th® tiat«mtlo« l«: "Wtiar* th«r« it a oon- 
traat to ««11 e9(»aifla g©^** aii*! tn« aolXer Is botm4 to flo soraothlBd 
%• th* go«sd«, for th.« 0«r?i!0if# ir>f !*ttttlnf? thwsi Into a dtlirarable 
•t»t«, th« f>rcp»rty ilaao not psk»9 ur»til «vote thing bo ^on«,* 

Aa til* Aaffin.fant p«l»5t« ottt, th« wl^fweoft h«r« •*ooo »ot 
4isola«« wh#tn«r tho erop ?>«)ijrit»d owt w»« «v»r hiwvoBtai?, or If It 
«f»«, ho-w aawy b«ai:i«li or QtA%i^v wiwr* produeo'l. THff prr.of ^oo ao to 
tho oontract lto«lf 1» ynry ttsAofinlta in that it ^omm not apoaar 
wh«n or i«^sgro tho ore|> j>wroi;ir4»*»^ wao ttt ba dollywrol, nor lo thara 



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i^. ^il^wK TAOi!' 



'j^xmufun- 






- ■,:.> ii'l'J^r, >/!'■■■ ? ^CKtJ 

'■t'"T;r,tr ■ .. i»^C 



flftftntti* «vi<««!®8« 9f %h'^ arleet that waa to b« piiid. 

If thfr '.Itla iB».! right ©f |»«i«»e»Kl«ii pa»s«(j te t,h« 
tlsi3atirf#,t>ien it* Ga»e ttie crop '^ae a«»troyi«l pi ,U*i ti s'i'» s^oiad h*v« 

PlJilntlff* «»y ii%v« hs*4 » ri,.;;.vi of aetiott for the fail- 
ure of dwfftft'iiSMrit to daiiv«r tno crop »f oiiion* as is^grewd, l?wt th« 
pro^aTty laot h&Ying l»e«i3i d«fiBi.lt«ly as«(srt».in«4 ikC'l th«r« b'^lEti. bo 
•vl^'eno*? In th« rtcord t«snlir.g to- ashow titvi* it wtee ?iie iiitcxtttoa of 
th« pftTtl^s that t.^se rlti^it of ii>rop«rty a»i*f. 90«»«i«sio^ ahotild p»ic« 
l>rior to th» dlffS'.jvR'l , thf^lr y)ws«?!y, tf wy, wi^,igi r©t 'by tmy of trov#r 
for coBvi^rifinn %iwt iit^oj^ fe)-*** i;'^ntr«.«'l f <? r failure to tl**! l>r#r sroord* 
Inr t?> lt« t«n'-«. 



'^rvt '.tl;Ti?l<|ff 






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A9pe3lX«i%t. 






244 I.A. ^^9 

im. ^sTieE MAfCKiEtt mi.irmi&'B tm ofiMtmi of ths cotmf, 

flu.* pljs.ieilff 8u«?cl In l-cfreiljlss A«ts».lB«?r to recover th« 
th« «&«•« wft* ii^ard 1»y the eourt, tii«r<? w^« «. ritt-ii»g agalntt th« 

Th^ l>X«ifitlffs h^f* not i»]i:>i>«%r'«4 In t!da tjotjrt to »«»• 

1*h« *irl;1«inffi« itin'^-.B %^ s,i^«*if that en45» »f th« ^laiistlff*, 

(Hit SI ec>«»l«®«««} fhJit he (-^W'l <.il«f ««■•!»« t iro.r« conrtuotlnii; a roomlng- 
hou»«» >*««1»««« tog«ih«:r; that 4«f ^R'^i^-rt gi»v« Bo«(1«k«!r a chattel 
■»rtgaif« ts,ov«rltt|i; ti«r iist«!>r*««t iR tii» l»»a»« fxnA fiitmltur* to »«our« 
« Bot« 0i' fl40€i that aithoutju th« byi»t»«o» was apparently prooper- 
•«• Ma<5 th© r«nt aa It eaJ6t? -^we tmoB th« lei*»» paid Isy th« -laf ■ni'tiwat 
•nd her not* wan not y«t iw«| S©«4»k«r, upon th» prstenso trvAt ht 
t»XX ln»eo«r« »nd i»i«af«, took poa»e»»lott unior tli« oiiatttl »©rtgaM£« 
wa4 pr«t«Hd«d to »«ll tins Xta»® to Ui» oo«-|^l&intil'*'» Otto BAOh. 

Th«r«»i*tor Bo«d«k<»r m^ B»«h Jointly >;rowi;ht tnl« ao- 
tiea t© ««»ctjr« «ji«lur4'rt ?>o«i»*sfli(i>r>, 

!5i»f«n/5?»n^ «©nt«n4« that th« »tatut« Aoe» not «!▼• a 
rlfijit of aotloB for ^QBVi^Bnion in ««oh oft««, stfv! th*t th« court was 
th«r«for« '»lt?io\it «tirto«11etipni tn-** th*,.** to a Blii1olni«r nf 









-S-<»^<)!,-.' 



' • '- ' -^Mtt *i !?'■ 'till 

, " ^"S tCPM ■vi-Ati yittVi- ■■■Jet '.'nU!' 



I>artl»« plaiaUff, s*Jd thttt at ^«int %«jssur>t oaursnot aatintaln im ae» 
tloii %e raoQVcr •xolual-rA s»oiifti»a»lon froi^ kits a^fotwK^ait, 

!«• i« Msurkg^yjcg v. ^eyicil£|L. S10 III, App. 334. 

flseir« are mm^ T0»«tmM ( umi««©6»ii*ry to vil«ei,»i»ii) 
vhi0'h weuld justify th«s r«V!»ir8al of this .lu-i ?■::»■<.«« t, im<^ it i* 
itai«r<ifer«' r«T«rinftcj, 









. 1 . . t *. 



/ 



S1628 



ft CorooratloK» ) IB^mLOCimmT 



▼«. 






APPFAJ.- FRO» Ci-OttTT COWif 
OF COOf rY>T^'*v, 

^44 I.A. 62^ 



KR. Juancas icHssTOif wi.i^mE3 ww cpikiojs o? ths wimT. 

ihi« le an a|»pe«a. lay ^illlaia Abriu»8, Jack ^', Coiie», 

tli« k«tal3rai't» Corporation^ the dafwdftrtv, I'ron an ijBtf^rloeutory 
ttrAer granting an inj^iiuotieii agaiaet the defendants In a »ult In 
equity brought by th* EfmnltriuiAt Laiagi C©i£>oratlon, the coisiplalniitnt, 

Tuft t»»j«»tl©r*8 f r«Bs»fit<*;? t'or review sir* ral««4 by a 
g#n«ral rleoiurrnr of the .•?«l*oifii<fairit» to the 'bill oi' coonDl^int. 

fU© eubataTiC* ©J' thw «LLl©g.»ti«n» oi' th« bill 'vr« tiiat 
tb« esasi^ltilniaiJt l« tm Illlneia eorporation wlt'i a paid oaMtal stock 
•f $7«S0,f>0C, e.ng.%s^,04 In fn* l^n8in«»B« ©f rswiufaeturlttK Hoar »n<! 
tftbl*» Iswws of ^on!, 'brought Irrm, -^tcj. , fmd la»p shadss ol* silk and 
othtr materials; t-;n/it Ita orinolnal pla©« of "hnslnftB* !» ir t>i« 
city of Chtew^o, »fe*te ef Illinois; that a ifoo*^ w^Ul .-yi'l trade 
re5>tttattf?n has been <1ftTiijlop«d iR the l-u^ lulvistry that le of 
Creat yalue; that it ha« a well trair.ed ortjaataallou oi' -foployeee, 
la-borerc, tJarTere ari'l J:i»>ehar4.c8; tiiat It has 4CjS €«pl»y*^e» in lie 
fp-otory *tfi:! chipf.lng (ieparfe iwrit, mere than 50 ei.ploye*?* in Its 
office tMd noxe t^aii au saleowes; tlinr. tUe XoyA^lty &»<! deletion ef 
the eiE^Xeyeee to tlic bvielweee jure faetore ewswiUal to the a«oceee 
«aaa the <!evelop»ent of U%*s buelneea; taat the otwafldeiiee of the 
eaaployeee that they will be treated fairly by the ooaiplaln'Uit le an 
asset of coneir!eraVle T«lue to the ceffi|>lalB«nt} 

Thr4t the defenaawte VIIHsbb Abraas, J-ack WJi Cohen, 



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I^oulft Xsaattaon, B«n Itaasoon* an4 Roh^rX Bloott v«irt at on*> tl»r In 
%h*t anpioy of the oojepiaUiajEii, bat that t air 'smiplpyss'tzit 1« now 

!i!hat Murrnjr B. Lewis ie in t>i« tWii^Xoy al' th4 c9JB|iXaiB- 

IhiAt Ih-B daiaii^t&iitB Willi fu^ Abrixs:.*, Jack '"'. Coh«n, 

2)«ii1b Xea«esoD ^ed Bvjq X«a.ii6iiua 4»nt«r«<l Into a ooneplraey, b«glnnijBg 

ki February, 1936, to iiijurw swii ruin th« >!u»ifi«89 of th« oc«i»lain- 

ABt "by *'acti'?«ly, m»jaielowaIy anil anl^acrfoily ^aicnYcrlng t© ]i«rsti»4« 

•ertalri e}fei>!l.oy««» '^a* yoxsr omtor to l^av* th« *«sploy of your orator 

with 
a.n^ 'hy lRt^rf«Trln£;^/in<1 yiol«?aUng yotir orator )*n<1 lt« «nplQy*e« by 

tH« f»,l, se, frE»it*lyl«ryt, aRmiiulo'tts m&&n» h«r«ti3aft<9r B*»t forth, for 
tbo aol« pTjrrioao ftf obfltrisctlr.jJ wi;* '^loorgHotaslng your oratorio 
buainA^s and b'^r^rlrif? and Injuring your orator and Ita stockhol4«r«; 
tliat said i!«f«ri<<arjtB stM urjiswfylly «nt«?r into a eoiobinatloa and 
•«ns;}lr?icy to Injur* your orator, 1m uiiaerainin^j! th« tsonfia«ne« 
r«F>o««-.i5 iR your orator by ita i^aployoe* M«d by 4«»trQyiJ3gf tholr 
•oirlt of ioyitity t9war4« yowr orator im4 ondAavorIng to «ntie« 
•Way tho <Hiploye«n from your orator and indueln); flAd oudoaYoriag 
to iB-T^uce thftBi to l«»a"?t y«wr ori&tor*» «ia|>l«y;* that Robert w, BXooa 
•«b««qu«ntly 5©iJi«^ the* ooni6plrao|r. 

Ttnf bill tb.«n aet<B forth in detail ep«clfi« aeto of the 
dofendajQto alleged to b? rroagfal, whieh the defenflaDtB ceiDDltteA 
ptsir«ci»r't te the o«»et>Jrft«y, thci I'^i't of thpse Actp havlnr been cosi- 
«ltte<1 8«Tjtei«b«T 17, l^m, 'fh? alleged wronji-ful ^cte c<!»nil»tod of 
etatemeRto made by the rtef»m1ar»t« In eonirereatlone with certain em- 
•loyeeo of the co»i>laln«int to the effeet that the eK^loyee* would 
get "a raw deal* from the ooapl^in*^^*! ^1^** «*«^y °^ **** «mploy«e» 
of the oozaplHlnrint would eooB Iwaye the employ of the cei^ipliin »nt; 
that the «a&pleyeea would be dleoharged by the oo»iplaln«tnt; that the 
«Bploye«^• "Ine-ritably would have t© quit" the eaepl«y of the ooa- 



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i>IalR!:mt andi that it woalil be l»^tt«r If th«»y l©ft »t onoe; that 
Abr&Ka we» glad th»t h«» hat! left the employ ol* the coBplalncmt; 
that Al&raffiJii, Ceh^n, Louis fm?! Ben I«aaoson had orgArtiieffd a laiB|> 
5m<1 »ha^« T!!u«ln«98 anfS '*lnt«r*4«i1 to iKdue«* mnny ^mploymtmt of th« 

aompl^lnant to aee«i»t ««R|>loy®«s»t with the n^jw orgiwiiaatioix; that 

•dirty a«al8* had h«(ftn *''»«11»»':! off In th« faotopy of the eoinplain* 
ant; that i.«wis ^'a.s m "©rook;* that Lflwie and Ahrouss had hesn 

hol<^tng: m««tinga wltn sio«ie of the @5sspl0y«e« of tiie eoaiTi lain jus t for 

th« purpose of getting a larg« n\mb@r of tha m^l<»y9t«» of th* aen* 

plain sunt to l#aT« th« oostpl^xin'^t *« «m|>Ioy and to Join Abrams and 

Lowlo in a n«« husineoai; that Levis **had c^neelled eotce ordor in 

anticipation of going into hu^in^ss <^ith one Koaa,** an owployoo 

• r th« ooapl%in%nt; that L«wie uroA d(»ing thin to htiilcl up a follow* 
ins ^f hi a owb; that Alstras&a warited sos3^<? aal^smtin »in<{ aakod: an ««•» 
ployee of th« eosplainant "to h@l|} hia out*** bm^ "to induce several 

• f the e<ileeK#n* of the ooK^lainant to Isavo the eouiplainant; thut 
the organixatioa eatahli shed by 4hr.<i^s, Cohen, Xaaaoeon mH othora 
•haA a lin^ of mffrQh;«(1ie« that «as f*ir h^^ttsr" ths«n the "wKi'rchan- 
<1ia« offered hy thei floaulainsantj" th«t th# eo»ii» lain aunt had been 
•akinning* people nn-i had h««!n trtating thoir «9-":«iloyee« "vpry un- 
generously and unfairly;* that th* ^jotatjlain^nt treated its obj- 

-9loyo<^a in a "rery niggardly fsn'! «atlflah manner and that the 
esployeea wouli ha mueh better off if they ".muld l-^ave the employ* 
of the eeapltiinant; that the cesipl'^dn^^t *9 ia<»t)iod9 of doing huai« 
Boaa "were not elean,* and that th« men it fchfi head of the eoai- 
plainant'a organisation vero *not trhito;" that Abrasia and laaaaaoa 
took aone of the esiployeea of the cioiaplain&nt in fm autonohilo to 
tllolr faotory and endeaYored to perauade thiaa to aeoept omployment 
vlth Abraaia and Xaaaoaon; thi&t eone of the defendants atated that 
the eaipldyees of the co»pl dnsint "would not get a aquaro deal;* 
that Abraas o»ld if he *coul<^ get son?* one to take oare of the 









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••lllng end** of hie hu«ln«»t he would "Tirtually pttt** the eea^laln- 

ant out ©f Tott(slr5«s»; that th# «ois|)l5»iRf:mt •«»« ^ibowt te 1»r«iLk^ lit 
«»ontrt»et with JLsfwi^i that Lewisi wcujild \it* (!ln«harg«<1; that a* «oeii 
at I.«wle ha4 ^•▼ot«d aXl of hi© tiae *n4 attention to" ttee oon* 
alalwwt's 'hustnefifi, and ha(S glv«n eomnlalK^'tfit "th* l>»n«flt of hla, 
L«wl«*, r«@oeus5«3rj<!atlarx«? fmd l-i#i,?«"' ih» eoKtjJl filinstnt "would dl»charg«* 
l.«wl»; that Atorarat "was wan-.trig* L<s-wls *K.i!iroly &s st frl«ri,<?;" that 
I.tt«l» ha4 "uanty enemltc" in th» &rgMiii»atlo>] of th-f; «omp:ialis«mt» 
■wa« aisllittd toy the ofric«!rr©f th® oowelalnstnt, r«jri4 that Lewis 
*h,*(l b«ttftr »«*« arrarig«8Ba«rjt8 Tor other vmT^loym&nt 'tetfore k« vat 
di»oharg«<S from* the eowj^laiiasmt ♦» ipsploy; that "the offtctrt" of 
the complainant w«r« "trioky* sm;? "crooked;* that **parulcvaiArly* 
A. A. ^it«, ti.\« Kjre8sl<l«Mttt, *wa.« tricky ssaskd arooktdl,* smd tiiat Lewlg 
•woulr! b«!i <?l«oharge4;" that it "■woal;? b** aauok batter* for Lewi* *to 
leav** the complainant at ones® aft^■^. to take MJ|»loyita«nt with th« or- 
ganiK»tloR of AbrtmB '^ruf^ Coh«is;*' that aoi?t ©f tht aspleyeflfi of th« 
eoni»l$d.nant wwrni going to l«i«*y«j thai Vm essployw*** were net loyal; 
that 3e«uriy of th«a w«r« r«a<Jy t» loaves as soon »» Abran© and Cob«n 
•g,%v« th® word;" that thfty •♦woiaid offsr* licwiai a dlealral'lfl oonR«e- 
tlon with thoir ©ygaritjiatioii; that "they kn«w thnt I^ewla octdrfi «•»- 
aand at le&»t on« hmlt nilllon aoll.irK* of th« <soiaij>iaijnmt *» V-ual- 
noos; that If L«wl« would "awftooititB iilseself* with Abram* »Bd C©h«sn 
h« would !»ak« very much raors money for jiinseif;* that hit w«mi "▼•Try 
foolish not to Itiavo* th« complaini^mt; that Blooa stated to Lewis 
that h« uB^-ftrstood that he, hmrin, wa« "golcti: to join the Cohan «md 
A'brflibB organisation and congratulfitad him upon liie plan;* that 
Abrams "was deteredned to get" Wita **sore afjainst Lewis," and '•would 
••t atov at anythtn4j;* that Abraci* *had no reason* up to the date of 
July, 19.?6, "to take any of^ oouipl-vin hint's "h^lp," but that "the 
minute the season eojamenoe'^ nn;? th» market conditions warrontod, 



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h« woijl^ taice a« ma»y «mpioy«et aa h« dftsirad" iroia the eoaipialo- 
aat; that AbraffcO, Cohen a»iJ th«» Is&soRone *were pliaiuiinK on liuildlng 
t«tp an organisation of cnnM<i!ffir!»bI«! \yT9porti{>tna mad using a« mukriy of" 
the compl linartt *• "«ap3.oy«0» for tnat pttrpe»«! as they a&i|^t find 
eoBTeislent; ** tlmt or«? of the offleere oi' the cQi»|ilaini>nt va« not 
fflenily with « eertaln <smftloyet of th« complrilnttnt and wae uclng 
th* ewiiployefff a« an *i»«By mark;" thnt eertaln worvRy* t« the adPioujnt 
•f I^SOO that the employee ha* in-veat^d ^^ith the eottplalnnnt 
•were not eafe* ^n 1 that ths «fmploy«# *%»<! T&«tter ask far the re- 
turn"* ©I" the aowey liKBiffirtiati^ly; th%t th« complainant "would go lata 
hankruptoy; that the employee **liadi lis^tter {luif* the employ of the 
«enipl:aiKs;ait ; that AbraiJue toltSHit^x that the compl^inmnt *» eu» 
^layaea Srere not fa,ttuful to him,*' Witxj that iieee *wa« deliber- 
ately holding li&ajc ipro«iuotlo« for- the purpose of injuring* the coa- 
plalnuTit'a hiieineee, anr! t\i»t other employees vere not proceeding 
as they ehottld Ir. the c^urtte of their etaployment; ** that j^araeia and 
Cohen told wits that Lewie !m6 Moss *8u,gg<}8tmi to e^i Ahrana that 
they enter into bueln^es;* that l.ewls had "^oul^le oroesod* Alsrans; 
that Lewis was unfaithful to the ooMtplainjiitt and ^h^ the Gompla^in' 
ant "ottght to disehargo hi» forthwith;* that Lewis had been -forking 
upon a certain deal on i^^hloi; a «ale of meroh^a.ndi8e sMoimtinn to 
a1&otit llOOjCCO was in iproeoeet emd that »fheH the organisation with 
Al»ran8 was proip^esed ^y Lewie, h<», lewis, cancelled tht» deal bo that 
the eoaplainant "Nrould not get the h«nf»flt of it;* that J, M, Sehlif 
kin, an employee ©f the complainant, **wa8 offered various inducement 
to join tho organisation of Uohen and AbrrAias "in the oapucity of 
a sales nan^iger;* that Cohen told Soiillfkln "it was hi« iritentlon 
sad the Intention of Abraute to induoe many people eatjployed* by 
the ooi&plj&lnant to leave the ooeiplainant 'e employ; that Schllfkln 
sad Abrans had a "conversation lasting over four hours, in whloh 









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•omplalnsjit *a organl«ation, smd "endeRTorwd to iaduet* Sohllfkln 
to l«av«i th# «apl©^ of the coini>l!iin!mt tmt! Jloln th« orf«nl««t^o» 
of Abraipff; tJ^mt BX©«m "♦ftn^ervorea to Inlu^*" B»«h«|, to Isayo tli« 

«»9ley of %h« co®i>luiB»Rt SB'I to Join th«! «rg!wi»atloB of A^brswRH 
a,nd Goh«n, 

Thf! 13 111 jJiat^'B that th« aH^gatlonw In jp»f9r«no« t« 
tii««e *»ets, ■ti!k.te»«;f5tr, aad eoBY«TwatloR«,*' «x-a«|>t the oonveraa- 
tiona of Abraj..a wltA Wita and A'teraas* and a©h»r. ^3rlt;h ■^itr. , »,r« maAt 
•A inf ors'.at ieii suad b«xi*;f iiaA ar« statM to be tru«, 

Xh* bill Hlieges oit. lr4ferm]atiofi ;inc|[ tewllaf that th« 
4«f»i{laiita Abraffi.a, aoii^gn, BX^Gm, a»d Louia and B«n Iaa«iesott hsiT9 
frcan tiia* to tiai« ^wndeim'voTM to iBaH®** otUi^r «w:,.ploy»s» of th# 
eoKpljiineint t© leave th^ mxi^l&y ©f this oofitpial»3»t, «uad*iii that 
eonnffctioa hiiv«i assd aXai:id«rou«, iiiii%Xioi@ua» false iin<S unfair nnxanB.^ 

7h« bill furtlxiir alliaigi^a that in making th« atwtiiB^niita 
and doing th« acta eo]BT)la'»«^ of, th® lefeRi^anto iKrftrn not- acting 
within the •e«>p« of leffltl»*t« trada coapatttlow, but w«r« aatnataA 
aolftly trlth th© irstent of Injuria^ the fenein#es! o"?" th^ co«plr)tr«nt, 

2r« r^pai^f^et of th« d«fi«*fi-^ant8 Bffinjapiln I«rran sn*! th«" 

Katalcrafta Carsjeratlon, th« bill fill^gta® as followa; 

"That ona Benjfaatin 1 trffiaB baa be®n tiolng bnsir<saa *« 01<a.e« 
I.aEB9 A ^a<!a Co. and thmt in Uecembsr, I'SJ^fi, ae bccaaa i^raal- 
*l«nt of the hmvi:tm-> tiufid :». ai'ks Lai^ GorpoT%tion, r-m^, that abattt 
May, 1926, an ap;>licatioB for Inoor :oratloK was fil«4 with th* 
Saer«ti!»ry of State by said dei'tfsi'Uxntn, or sois* oJ' thflm, i'or a 
charter fesr th« comp-my by th« naia«? ©f •Jfeatalcrufta Corporation,* 
In whioa Sttia L«rsian la daRi,«,imted aa Prft»l'i«rit, th(?> «*ld Abraaia 
aa Vio«>»Freald*nt, ■■xn6 t •« aai<S Cohen J^a aacretra-y and Treasurar, 
whlah buainase is that of the v|«ff?j;Ja;'.t9 , v.:- «nmit of th«tt, euad 
that aald tari&an h/i.» Xlk©vlis«, with in^ othar dafandanta, be«B 
aetiveily a8»ooi<ttod i*» oni» of Ui& censpiratora for tha laurposa 
•f aooffiittlBg tha vronga h«reinb«fore a«t /orth. " 

Tha bill J^urthaa" allftgaa that thv dafaiidanta haTO not 

••aoad th«»ir Improper and unlavfyl conduct but that thay are con- 

tinulBK to pursue a aosrae of con-luet sliall::ur to that heraiBbafora 



■ fi:«' ■«!«..; ^" 

9su»ir«iV> hem ar^lif .^iw «:;i«rs<f;ii 

•^ •- ;iin«it,'««*t »^' ,■*.■■., -■'coif *fii '!« .t«#<t»#*T «f 

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••t forth. 

?h« bill rurth«r sllcfft* mm t^Vlvmrnt 

"•rhr*t the atild Wllllare hhrmio, Jaok W, Coh«n, Louis Iiaao- 
■on, iiwi laaaeson imd Kobert Bloom an^ «ai<» M«t».,lerai'te -orpora- 
tlon »>r» not of ^r«at fln.mcial ia«*i,*n» an-.i th»t ft Jui.jBeKt a^&lntt 
th«» for the large axiia* of moi^py which •«'onl'^ b«» ^lusttiiptj 1/ the 
conduct oJ' *hlnh your orator hereto ior» ooispliiinffcJ, is oontlnuod 
unr««traiii«»d by tha order of thl® eourt, find by rs^aaon Uieraol' 
tlie «ril siWl'ul , ffl«aioiouB an'! 'ariifui puri>09e of »ai4 flftl'«r;dant« 
Is carried owt , to th« «xt«rit that your orator's »i}*iiirk<^es would 
mskOMnt to & l<%rge bum of jaon«y, w auld not be coll*otiblB ag^^lret 
th«si, • 

The bli further sjUftges thftt th« eosip lain art is suf- 
fering and iwill snff^r Irraipr^rnbie aasuigd and Injury on account of 
th« aets ooniplnln«fl of, 

Th# only {ju«stloB to bp dettrcdnfji! i» vrht*th«r tii«v bill 
statss a oatisft of aetlc^si in Acuity* 

Th# snb.lecta to which th* bill rei^toa »x» (l) con- 
st^lracy, (?) aland«>r, <m«J (3) att<Ka»iln«: to «ntics «»iployefte to 
l«aT* th«lr «iiployja«»nt. It le obTlou* that none oi t^i^ss eubj<?cts 
coass within the 8t»eelal prorlnoe of a oourt ef equity. In otuer 
words, equity hasne exelusiYS jurisdiction of the subjeote to 
whi«th ths bill relates. The ©nly possible ground on v^iieh equity 
jurisdiction oould be R»lnta>ined 'woul 1 b«» that the rmht'.dy at law is 
Inadequ'^te. I'o aeisusie jurlsdietioa on that gro;«r,d, It le utuiifest 
that the bill auBt allege fnets t^^ioh show a oauee of action at lav. 
Llati fr c»B;»nt Co.. Y.. . Ci^tltigns 'j -i p le. of , st. x.ciuis..- 1S8 fee, 27;'?., 279, 
At%9r alleging a ea»se of action at lair, the bill further aust 
state faete vrA oirouRStanees whloh, woeording e tho well (:;ptablished 
rules ©f equity, tould ^jetlfy the Interposition of a court of equity 
on the ground that the reww'ly at Itxrr is ina<^e<>uate. 71 Corpus Juris, 
section 14, pp. 30, 40. 

the gist of thff bill ie that the defen<^*nts entered int« 
a eensnlraey t© injure «r^ to rain the business of the cot&fylnLlnant 
by making false and elair^erous Pt$xt<!»rrier!te in regard to tiie eoaplaln- 



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nnSi it! officers and empley^^M in ordar to ontioe th« eszploy««8 to 
l«».r» tho msxploy of th« coaipl iln<imt, 

Th» ral«s !« w'®ll »«ttl«4 tliat J^t cokkob law in a clvlX 
aetiQ'W ©f eontplraey, th« aafl^piratoy of itself do«B not ooKStltiato « 
oau9^ of ».etion; that unl«a» the a@;2!sMr«itortt eossimlt wrongful attia 
i«^ieii r«STjlt 1b towage, no civil aotion will li«; t>mt the glut of 
th,« eauee of action Is th* f!«*ie»Rf9 tm4 »©t tho censtolraoy. 3a.CS!iaift 
jr^Jt^jme^fx. 1^« m» ©^'^ » 614? X,<i.ah,@y ^. Lit tell,. S02 111. f551, 
^^4; I^*aff7 v.. frrnkmy^^^ ^.^ 144 ill, A|>i?. X0»^, 107; MftrtiE ▼. I-cgltt,., 
93 III, App, 44, 49, T>ii» wroiagftil raeto which w«ir« eowsxdttod by 
th« ^efandar»t« pursuarit to tin?! conspiracy, a©e«>r'!in;j; to thti c©n- 
tontion of cotm«fiX for tno ©ompl ainant , w»re Blander and attamptlng 
to ontico the swployoeo of th« e6te^...aia*Mt to Ifjave th« oowpl^ilnfurit. 
Counsel for tho ooiB?iaifl?Ant reoogialsjo tfe«! i*\OLt!i timt a isowrt of «<juity 
will not grant relief for the ooissisaieii ©f a slan^orj ( Ml^l^Rd ^'y»t P 
T, f. If. Cojgspto.n C(3| , . SO 4 ill, As»|», 216, 217; 21 Corpus Jujis, sec- 
tloB 36, p. ?S©); sund itoey <l& Boi rely ors th© »la4'id«roua otatomento 
aa an indoi^ftndont, suTsBtiuatlt* groiaii^ for r©li«!;f, they laftroly wain- 
ialn that the aland wrouo ^tat^ws'snts may fee coiiel<Sert4 a« ob« of tho 
moons fey which the rtoffandanto att«BEj»t®<1i to «»«tl«o tho «saploy«ff» of 
ooapl%ln3tnt to l»ftT^ th© oomr>lai»?4nt»fi «mploy. The only eaueo of 
action at law on 'vhioh oottRsel far th<? cnrap lain ant roly, an<i for 
which th»»y 0ont«jrr.!l thmt thw ro»e4y at 1-w in nn Inadoqu'tito a» to 
jusitify tho lnt<9r'"JO«itlon of a court of oqulty, Ib ttto «tte?n|>t of 
the fUfonlar.ts to *ntlc« th« <aRoloyeo« of th*» <3ozaolain«ant to learo 
oom^l'kiBJSJfJt'B employ/ 

W« doubt oxtr«.%«ly whethop «* ftttgjgipt to entieo ••• 
ployoos frosa th«lr ^mijlcyrfint oo»stlttjto8 b ohu»« of !»otion at l*w. 
But without aoolding that quftotion, and ASOsMalng for the aak« of 
•rguaont that on attor^pt to entic© eiuployoee from tholr oaployiaent 
constltutoo a 0!<itiBe of aotioc at Xs«w, wo aro of tho opinion tha> 



ajr t^ifX'^^'^' 



'it, ©^'•t^/S,' 



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^*irl-t'«iBt»<!fr« ,*w»MW!iR-«f^MJf m-t «* 



i?i^«^ iSBtl, 



rMtfrnre^ip 



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The oKly tb,«oiry ok itlilch eewie^il far the ooBaplainaut iisatntain that 
t?i« "hilt statwi & ea'ust c»J* ftciton In e«|wlty is timt tn© -^li^gAtlona 
«3f t>i« 1^111 o:i«ariy 9h»ssf that tk* rasa^dy r4t law la «ot ad««5aat«. 
Tf th«» a,llf9gatlp«ti of t,h« fcill ses whdw, then the contention of 
ooimaitl for the oomplatnant Is oorreot. W© think th&.t for th« 
coKplsted wra«icf"al -H.^te it is ulear aiAit iaift r«Ki®dy i4t lav, li* any, 
wculfl "be »dl««iwate. jf'lis tjenwral rul« Ijb thiB r<9»p««t its tAat iu 
c»8fte oi' ©osi|5l#t^4 to-rtd, dmrnrngm^ at !«» ui3«adXy coRBtlt'at<» h4 li- 
quate redr«»8. ^1 Corpus S'uri&t seeti^s 36, p. &9* It is also 
the g#rri«ral rul« tliat In^unotlir© rellal is isreventiv* .tmd is net 
grar.tsd to eorr«et wrongs air®j-wly pi©rpf?trat©<i. Menard .v. Hoq,^ . 
S8 111. m, 128{ a.«,^ V, Clflandl . 6S Xli. A^p. 294» S^vO; Cftg « 
gjieaioaffiyy <^f Hi.Kh^ityg..y. 3>#b<- ;f . 43 111. A^u, , £3, 30; Sfi^a istfittj ^ 
Proi^fl y^ S*.. ;4.. . , C , <;$rnptoB at: C ||.. ^ 204 III, A|ip. S16, 317, ( BHaSl) • 
Tbff <?M»iftion w;i«tt;«?r fh« eomplaiij^^nt ■will iuff«y irr«t»»;ra'bl# 
*aiBag» If thft .'i«fer.daatgt are »ot r^8tralK«inJ ffOie ptjiruulng In the 

futur# $k courn» of ««sri'4t»et stellar t» that pursuft'^ l« the past, 

be 
is tyj.*) preolw*! question to/3^t.fn«altt«d„ In coRffl^HerlRf Vrdta euftBtlon 

It sKtttt ibfft born» In aln^ that th* ittjunetlen j^oul'^. r^ot lf>fue 

B.cr«ly to a.ll&y th«' f««>]r8 ;:wti<S appreiiwisiojs.s of the osMapl^lrnint , 

vhioh (Bay mxittX without any «ubeiti*ttti»4l foundratlon, 3^ <Jorriu» 

J«n», sdotion 22, p, 42; VajM^ffir v. Ciiloage City, By . , C .o,« . 868 Til. 

532, 550; yhlaa^o , .i; ^ «^!ii^j:>hQne CpmjtAsm, v, ^^orUtw^B teyn ^-^laphong Cfi .. 

199 111., 524, 36S, 36ft, th^r« .su«t l!J« At l<»aet a probnMllty 

of injury leforo aii iajunetlon »houl<^ be granted. 32 Corpus J«rl«, 

B«otlon ?2, p. 42, In th«? CAse «jf Vx|loiua I?attnqi«i»i Co. v^ 3A » 

Clair, 31 n 111, 40, the ci-surt »»ld {p, 44): "in or«!er to wiitUl* 

on* to r«ll<»f \>y injunetton agalnat unlawful lnt^rf«r«»noo irtth hla 

l>a«ln9»Hs, oo«) ti7« ara «tib«tarttlJil Injury mn»t hf n^mwn.* 

tto tho ea»e of V'^r.n^T v. Chicago Pity Hy. Co.. 't^apra.. 






*♦!.;' ■ . , , , 

t»*i>ftr« . ;^'??' luffs'? fl )»«','» t^r^t*??^ 

ffifr J, t »#»«•■ ,b •■■-^■■ •^.>J'»fc\oi «•!#••*:■ 



,a jae& 



"?'i'«4')^«li i»'Jt«i^i,M0 «f«<ftit«i'^«l ^ttii^'tiTAlU 



10 



t*« court Bai«l (p« 3ft0); '*'£i^L& aot ^»e be eJujoJUiOd ia«st fee oxp«ct#d 
with. rea»onabie uer'fcikls.^y ii iiot «tijoi«<jd. " 

ia fehfl ajjiBt? or .^j^ItgalAy Co_«a Qq. v. ]><4i»CC . 7^ 111.,, 
1«4, the court •aid (p. 172) that ©vest if ti's® aoispls^ittfurt i?.isjil la 
the :^»»t •un"or»4 ia'Jurj?, "'it ate^euld u^^^sa.- to juetiiy & court of 
•qiuity In Interf «riintg fey way of In junetl&n . tViRt th« iontleuiMi©* 
of tht in^lury ie tUr« at *n«a aa^^ iiB <isMig«jr i««iiii«Kt. " 

In th*» cast© of |j:aro.,agj J ..y.y. ^ .C §B4Eiil a-t>iofiff>r » of ^ >|^^.:U»^t ii. 
l?f 111, 391, thio c:OTirt is44i(i (r>, J94) J ••'Jii^rc ajr* cacif^tit rh**-* • 
t>«r«oR threat -nfiH with an Injury ©f tfe© kinrl ali«»g«»<1 h«r© win net 
■fc* Tftqulred to wait, ,ir h«i ©aai ^emo»«tfs.t« that th** ittjui^r le 
rftanesRaTsly eertatn t«s fello*, l»ut if that quaation 1» left lit 4o«>>t 
flUBtd v«no«rtalnty th« court «!sh»«l/i not Int'^rferw," 

that th« bill ef complaint stut@» a eaaa«! oT >iOtlojri at Itiw, in 
reapcot of attewpting to eriilioe ili« @0&!»ldXn.'M*t*a aaet-uloy*** to 
l«»Te th* ffi^ploy of th«s ooaspltiii'iftBt, we are ef tVi« opinion that 
the bill dlo«e net Ahc^s that th'^ 'i&mpl''Jii%xm)X h&s not «Ki u^kdaQu^tft 
r^mntiy at law, W« do net tiiln* that fro© tii« njnHegationw irs t>:.« 
Mil ■»« BiJfty 6Qnclud9 nrlth re»«Grifeib-l« eertalnty that the deforidfuuts 
will diMsnge Irmparably th« lju«!iR«»n® ©f ti%« oowpl-tintunt If th« In- 
Jtinctlon ahould nut b* grtftnte'ft, 'ihe MXl was file^ October 1, l^^$. 
According to th« nil ©gat ions of t>»e bill this last wronjyf^jl ant rtf 
th<» .'lef^ni^nt*! «T»#eificsally r«fffrr«^ to oow>rr«r1 oa iSflpt^mber 17, 
!»»«, Tn our o|»lnlpn thp allftgatlsK'* of th«? bll3 ,1o not «Rt«blirti 

th« f»et that th« o«j«pl'ti.r»«nt h?%8 at}ff*sre<1 any r^c'ltivw Bub^t-^^ntlal 
injury. Th* bill !lo«?« not «ll«g« a ninFl® innt-^noo In whloh tin« 
dof«ni»nt» »uoo«e>l«« netuwlly Ih wntlalnss: any of t,h« i*a{>loy««t t9 
l««w« the eisoloy of the co^ylalntmt, Jm^. tho fitter of* tb« at- 
t«B|^to4 «utie«Bv«r;t, &ccoraiua to cottn««l for th* coaipl^-iinsit t , 1» 
tbo ••senoo of tho bill, frosa the (ai«^»tio£ia 9t the bill It is 



.«.^:/ 



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11 



iiop«re«t tnat tJiR effort* ©J tii© aeiwivasirita in r«»peftit c»i' ®ntio»- 
KiMOt ttEiount©* only to un»«cce»»J'ul atteiants, Judfejift^ froa tii« 
fiast ^ete of th« defcn/ls^nts! it nrant be »r«ss-i,4R-i*«i faljriy $v«d r*»a»0ti« 
Rhly that In thta f-jtttr© th« slisf er.'l.&iste -^dll be as wn»Me««i«i»rul In 
th*lr att«a5iJt» to entl©« tb.» «Kffiploy«<s« o.i' th® eonsfli'^tlnftjRt to Ifij^v* 
thp oo»^laln?8.nt '« ««!filoy ai th»y hsive "b«cn Ir. th«» psst, Thu iji'fi- 
€8«r» «n<! »Eiil>lo3r#««s of the <?©«s|>lmlnant «««?• to 1>« loyai to tka 
OMilBlalnsitnt and imwllltng t# ,'J«1e tfe« firg«4ai»ffiti<9n nf th(» l#f#fl,i- 
antB. AS wf; vl«i* th« oast -tctss ©f the «!i«f ?>n ?afita , th«y *«r« 
prirsoipally oJ" saefe a B^tiire as to e«*u«« .paraoosd aiinoyanca t« 
tha ofjrieara Mid «mi»loy««?s of the e^jspliilftajst jpath«^r thsui tc cf*,Ma« 
any aubstaititijiil lajury to the prcp^rfcy rlgiita oi* tfe--^ :':s<>mf».l<:il,niiw'it. 
In Boeh a^M9 the g<iii«ral x-alf? is tixat equity ©j-sUntirily ^111 BOt 
int*rfera, 32 Co r;,iu« Juris, na^tion 430, ]9. 27:? j '^If^ v , » Tag f 1^ , 3. A , . 
81? Ill, A^p. 7'^, 7^, Owr eoKCJlvi»ion ia tiif«t th<"; e<)£iplaii\-5int can 
gat coKjslfttrt ri^Hitf for th« p«ii,at wptmjJi'fal mt» eaisBspl ain«td al* and 
aBpl« proteotton acsdjni0t tli«ir reetarrm-see in th»> f\iture "by auita at 
law for conp^lrsiey, alfmdtr ma^ »'*Rtici«g *!sapl©y«ea to Iwave tlatslr 
«B>t>leyp)«»«t , a»flT«aine for th«i aak<» ©f ftrgum»«t tliat th.^ fii.i^'gationa 
af th<» bill ntata a«ch ©»«»©« ©f mecioB >4t law, 

Xn ear vl«w tfe# «kll'^g»tioii» of tli« >.-lll la rssig^rri to 
tha lnt»olr#!3cy of thm <t«r«r<f?aRt« «jr« »©t »!ifflol«mtly aeflnitt' raa 
certain te ren^lar our ooticru«l0ii Xn r^np^i^ct of the a4«»j|ua<3y of t^*i« 
raia64y *t law uuirarrjiaHt&bl^. 

Wa arfi of tna opinion tlisit tJi« injunctifiini should not 
hmt« T&aws grajat^^. In r«ae;tlng thla ccKisl^jsioii »«• ^i-r? But uzjair..J,ful 
©1' th« rtjle tliat tha ta8:.t&,nce ef «n iBt^rlocutory lnja.i«tion xeets 
in the 9o\mA dlaor^tioR of tfa* chaiieellor, Kljil^ e» Ijijunctiojaa, 
▼ol. ^, Bftctlon 10»6, pp. 1645.46, (4t:. •si.) 

Ik diacuaalng %het aulTlclatJoy af tha bill af cawpii^lefc 
»• far va haTa eonaldarad tha allegations ei the bill in rftapaet 



u 






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■ -1© •HjT 

.;,N'. ;■ " ■ ' •,.4.-lf- ,ir»'ij •JftU ■<•!?• *;? ..SATy ntl 

'Ci^'iXS ;?&>;'■'; «*<:;? 



Xir^iviittwi 9 4.. - .•■•«* a#1t3i ■■-an- 

.*««! at 

tv^0tmi*'^ (ti til--: ' iija^^X^' »w fn't o« 



la 



©f all the ;1«f«ndar.t8 jointly, ^e ti-ilnlc, hox»«v«r, that thts rais- 
gatl©n« Ir? reimr'i to t»i» dwfen'^arjte Ben,1«i.iln Lor^aari , ioing hvui- 
B«a» n© the Qlae« l,w.;p 4 ShaiJe Cosptiriy, ■■mA th* l'«»t;kXerart» 'Jor- 
por^tlon r»r« »o utterly v%^© .ui-l lic^toaoltjaiTfi that an indttper.dont 
quBBtloii is pareaer.ted as to tii«js; that irr»s^«ctlvts oi" tia* %'jeif.ti©» 
irh«tifeier tue inJMf:ietioB aJiouXd have >j««ii is8ii«»<s ftg^irjist the olrter 
4©f »r.da«ita, in no «v««t aiiouli It lx*ve been l.jeu«4 sj^^dnet i.«r,w.aix 
and tJs« i^«t»^ldr«ft» Corporation. 

Jfor tke reasons 5jt?-tf;'^ tii« iatjres 3i' vris Cuaxicsxloi^ 
is r«v«rBed. 

M«3«re:iy, ''^, I,, mi4 fc.atf3Vj<«4t, y. , eon our. 



ti 



">rtM'0 



13 - 30898 

HORTEHGE ROSENBLATT, by 
SARAH ROSENBLATT, her mother 
and next friend. 

Plaintiffs in Error. 

' ERROR TO 

Tp \ SUPERIOR COURT, 

I COOK COUHTY, 

ISADORE OLABMAN and MORRIS ' 

GLABMAM, doing business under j 

the name of GLABMAN BROTHERS, ) 

Defendants in Error, ) J 4 X#A« 630 

Opinion filed Mar oh 2, 1937, 
MR. PRESIDING JUSTICE TAYLOR delivered the opinion 

of the court« 

This is a suit for damages for personal injuries 
alleged to have been caused by the negligent driving of a 
motor trudc belonging to the defendants* About 5 P*M, , Jxine 
19, 1918, Hortence Rosenblatt, a child nine years of age - 
irho sues here throu^ her mother, and ^o for convenience 
will be called the plaintiff - was playing a game (»lled 
"German Spy" with some other children in the backyard of a 
house where she, the plaintiff, lived; and inthe course of the 
play, taking the part of the spy, she ran out into an alley - 
whidi xaxi east and west past the back of the lot on which 
they were playing, and, almost immediately, was struck by, or 
in some way fell against, the defendant's truck, whidi was 
being driven west in the alley, and was seriously injured, 
the tissues on the back of the left leg from just below the 
buttocks to near the jtinotion of the upper and middle thirds 
of the leg being extensively torn away* 

,The case has been tried three timet* What was done 



seeos - 51 



X«f ^rtUSMS rTHOH 






O O * A i 4 J. X" x^ 



'r^^''""' '' 



— ■\zkdQ afiooAai 



Bsltisiat LsnoBt9q lol BS^^SffiAb 70^ tins s al stdj 
s to "gaivtrb ta^Siil-^Ba 9dt x<i b9tiU£o nddd drj&ii oi b9^9llB 
9msh e.Mt^'t 5 tuodA ^Mtaabn^isb 9[it ot saisaoIacT iotnt lotom 

•Ofxsinavnoo rtol orfir Jbas ^rBd&Qm %9d ti^o-xrit siod aex/a cdn 

b9llao aaai * SC-tXAXq wiw - m^nijilq sri* jbellJBO »cf IXiw 

A to l>TJBxio£tf »dt ai SBibltdo xaAto •soa d&tn ''yqe ajBatsj)** 

eiifi- to SBijuoo «d.tcl fcxiA jJbevlI ^tlii-aiaXq 9dt «9fla aieriw sax/od 

- Y9XXS fljB o^fli two fl«i ttflfa «x<?a *rf3^ ^o *T:aq ari* giiiaLB* tX'-tq: 

rfoir(« no tol Bdi lo ioecf »xl;^ tusiq ^b«w Ijcj!! ifejse £r«:[ iloirlw 

TO «Ycf 3Coin;^8 8«v ,Y-I^otsibofEai ^soaXjs «JbA0 «9a2xBXq »x»« t^d^ 

asw dolrfw ^ioxn^ 8>;^£My(>£t9t»& 9dt t^Bala^s XX»1 ysw •ao« ni 

^bBtulBl YXeifoircaa 8£v £>fl.« tT9lX< 9x1^ ai ;^a»w a»TlTJb ■:^ttl96 

9dt voXdtf ;r8i/t aort 39! ttaX sdt to jComT 9dt no ssx/aait adt 

8l)'Xid# Bibbts bttB r9qqu 9dt to nottoaui, 9dt iB^a o& Biootttsti 

^\aw« axof xXaT^enatxa -galsa gaX 9d^ to 

effol> ajiw #jBdW *»9mlt astdt baixt asad aad 9e«o arft 



-3- 

in the first two is not disclosed. At the last trial, 
the one here fox review, there was a verdict and judg- 
ment for the defendant* 

For reversal, the principal contention for the 
plaintiff is that the verdict was clearly agafinat the wci#t 
of the evidence* However, after oareful consideration of 
all lixe evidence, we are impelled to the ottnclusion that we 
are not justified in overriding the verdict. It is true 
that there is testimony as to a somewhat excessive speed ia 
the driving of the truck, especially considering that the 
alley was rou^ and uneven and only 15 feet wide - the 
truck itself being 7 feet wide - and that the plaintiff, 
a child of tender years, ran backwards and forwards in a 
zigzag way in front of the truck trying to save herself; 
stiJ»l there is testimony fox the defendants that no child 
ran aoxosa the alley in front of the truck; that the truck 
did not zigMg; that the truck was only going four or five 
aileo an hour; that the first intimation they had that 
anything unusual had taken place was when they heard a knock 
against one of the wheels, and that they stopped the truck 
at oncea imose testimony should be bfelieved? In such a 
case of conflict, to whom credit shall be given is a matter 
peculiarly apt for the jury; and they found for the 
defendant.. Counsel for the plaintiff has endeavored to show 
certain discrepancies and inconsistencies in the evidence 
that suggest that the plaintiff was strtck, by the truck, 
at a point in the alley some distance west of where she 
ran out, and that strong evidence of that fact is that her 
body was found lying along side of the front wheel of the 
truck. But such facts and others were in controversy, and the 
subject of conflicting testimony. A. to where the plain- 



-&- 

^tBl-xt tBBl 9di tA *ftsaoXo8ii3 ton ei &trt iBxtX 9 At tU 
*;%19W arid- ^Bfliiaga X^i«©Io 3.ew Joifitav 9dt t&d$ ai lli*flifilq 

'9d) - aJbiw t©aa dX x-^^^' ^«* asTSflJ/ bax rfguoi ajwr x^IIa 
tllid-flialrr sn'vt ted* bit« - 9feibr t&el V gciad tX88;fl iowa* 
« ax •fciJBircol: i>n« «Jbisw:ioatf asr ,8X88 y xabfls* ^0 fclirfo B 

•▼il to Tjjolt scies Xiao asw 2lojin* ^di istsit jgioais *oa bib 

tsiAi b&d \edi aoitssltat tBilt 9dt taiii ;%ucii om asXlai 

:to*Bi » bttitfd \9Sit fldjdw asv sofiXqi xis^Ls;)- &j3d Issubuou 'gatdt^* 

Tiouxi 96i &©qQ0j'8 x'islt tB^i baz tOXeeriw 3d# io dixc* *afli^« 

« iloi/B al Ti>3T9J:XM ad £:L£reds -tnoKi^ea;^ eaoxfw *80fl0 rt4l 

T9**ajD A ei navi-a ad Xl^sde *iii*»io acdwr Qi tJoillnoo lo a««o 

erlt tot bamX X9di Jbaa ir«JC 9di lol *q« YXxaiXixoaq 

iroria o* b6rQvs»ba9 afid lliJniaXq ad# xol XaanuoD ►stn^baalajb 

aoflsJbiva *»£tf ai saloaoi-aiexrcoai bits a«ionj»q$i0 8ii> alfii-ieo 

^]feir[# ©rfJ t«^ tjCoATta eaw "illinJtalq stU *jsd^ ^aaagjua *Ad* 

aila BTadw lo #aaw aonis^eXb atfoa X9U» actf xil JcXoc; » t» 

%Bd t^dt ai toAt tsdi !ko aonsbiva saotifa t&dt bous ^^^ifx/o imh 

9ri:» Tto la^riw jflOTl ftrijf /io aLbXa ^^nolis suixX iiiuuo^ a«w ^otf 

Mj f5ar «\8Tavo!r#ac:3 fii a-raw erarij-o fcna as^oal rioaa tfjufl •ioint* 



tiff was when struck, the defendant Isadore aiabmaa and 
his associates both testified that she was found lying 
along side of tiie revx wheel. There were seireral conflicts 
of faot* and the Jxiry evidently did not credit the story of 
the plaintiff and her witnesses. 

There is still such an occurrence as a pure 
accident, where no participant is legally liable in tort* 
The jury may have concluded that this was such a case, or 
it may have concluded that the defendants were not guilty 
of any negligence, or -aiat the laintiff was guilty of 
contributory negligence* Whatever the source of their 
final judgment, however, we do not feel warranted in holding 
contrary to their verdict* 

It is contended for the plaintiff that error was 
committed in giving for the plaintiff instruction numbered 
13« That instruction is as follows: 

"The court instructs you that one of the defenses 
relied upon by the defendants in this casd is that 
of contributory negligence on the part of the plain- 
tiff, Hortense Rosenblatt, 

•Contributory negligence' as applied to this case 
means a failure on lUie part of Hortense Rosenblatt 
to exercise such care for her own safety as a child 
of her age, intelligence^, capacity, discretion and 
experience would have exercised under the same cir- 
CTjmstances, which failure proximately contributed 
to bring about the injury complained of. 
•Proximately' as used in these instructions means so 
closely connected with the Injury, that, lot for the 
contributory negligence, the Injury would not have 
happened*! 

Unless Hortense Rosenblatt has proved by a preponder- 
ance or greater weight of the evidence that she was 
not guilty of contributory negligence as herein de- 
fined, then you must find the defendants not guilty," 

A quite similar instruction was given in j johnson v» 
Gustafson, 233 111. App* 216, and it was held to be good. 
The argument that althou^ the plaintiff was required to 



^ntx^ boisot a«v 9di f»di i)9itJt*»9* Atod ea*«jtoo8«« aid 
stojtitnoo I«i9T»« 919W awdT -laariw «•©! srff lo •*!• gaol* 

TO ^se^ fi {hue nam airf* tarf* babuleaoo srijrf ^on fwrt '•rfT 

X^liifg toa dTSw «? '^ iadtt bshifxoaoo wad t^^K *^ 

to xttiy^hmlrtlSi: LSI "ini tJrft «K> «90jR98lX;r,»« \iia l!0 



^^sIcTavaoH sansJ-ToH lo tx^q ^m no ^'rujie: ii :iXT.*9E 
blidA » BM t^elca nrro 19A tin «'sjko rb/re tMlsTsx* 6i 

bBtudiitaoo TiXajfjRaixcTq ©lijlial Jtfoirfjr ,a9oxxs*8«»i/o 
.to ibenlAXqiMX) x'x^t^-^ °^^ ^ijoda 3aj:t«r ol 

*«f;^ tot tteff ,*jBdJ ,i:tirtiii 9rf* rftiw Jb^k^osiiiiea xXteoXo 

-Tshaoqfttq jb xtf l)»votq ajid *;fjiXcr/i»«ofl eaias^ToH sasXnD 
«««■ »£[g :tjEid# »rfr©fciiri9 »d* to ^it^iewr te^ijaeij} to 90£« 
-«t ixJt«t©rf BA eo0»ali3»n xtoiu<^iztaoo to it*Xias joa 

•,t*XjUf9 tott 8#n«hfl9t9f> «rft firtit cfaaa uox asdj ii^sfiit 

*v g 9jsntio _ ^ al cfvig txir iioitoirr^teni tJsXiaia 9tiijp A 

^t»oos 8(f o#^ hXftd BMm fi. btw ^&1& ,<jqA ,1X1 SfiS ,ao«t«;f«£rO 



prove affirmatiTcly that, at th' time in question, she was in 
the exercise of ordinary oare for her own safety, she was 
not bovmd to prove that she was not guilty of contributory 
negligence, is act sound; and the reason is that proof of 
the exercise of ordinary care is the equivalent of proof 
that she was not guilty of contributory negligence. 

Objection is made to defendants instruction 
nuabered nine; that the wprds, "from the evidence," which 
were used in the first sentence of the instruction, should 
have been repeated in the second sentence, Reading the 
instruction as a whole, it is quite obvious it has refer- 
enoe to a belief based on the evidence. Coulter v. ia^O. 
R. R. Oo.> 264 IIU 414, 42S. 

Finding no substantial error in the proceedings 
at the last trial, we are bound, even tfeou^ the plaintiff 
has suffered an mfortunate and irremediable injury, to 
affira the judeaent. The judgment will be affirmed* 

AFflRMSO* 



0»OOHHOR, J. AHD THOM»DM, J. C50NOUR# 



^0iiidirtnc 5-"^ avess o^ Jb«f/ocf ton 

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282 - SllOS 

KDYTHE DIOK, 

Appellee) 

▼» 

AL^Rf DICK, 



APPEAL FROM 

SUPERIOR COURT, 

GOOK CODHTY. 



Appellant, . 

Opinion filed March 2, 1927. 



1 1,A. 6 



MR. PRSSIDIHG JUSTICE TA¥IiOE delivered the 
opinion of the court* 

This is a suit, in the Superior Court, by the 
plaintiff, Edythe Louise Dick, agsinst her father-in-law, 
Albert Didc, defendant, for damages for the alienation of 
her husband? 8 affections. There was a trial before the 
court, with a jury, and a verdict and judgment, in favor 
of the plaintiff and against the defendant, in the sum of 
15,000,00. This appeal is from that judgment. 

The plaintiff, Edythe Louise Dick, and Willis 
Dick were married in Des Moines, Iowa, on September 37, 
1919. Prior to her marriage to Dick, she was married to 
George P. Jacks*^, from whom she was divorced on September 
13, 1917. ^e was about twenty-one years of a^ when she 
married Jackson, and alwut twenty-nine years of age at the 
time of the trial, WHUa Dick, also, had been married be^ 
fore he married the plaintiff. The plaintiff first met 
her father^ii*-law, the defendant, Albert Dick, and his 
family, at Quincy. Illinois, on her wedding trip. She and 
her husband, at that time, spent seve«l weeks with the 
defendant and his wife. Shortly afterwards, on or about 



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March 20, 1920, the plaintiff and her husband took over 
and conducted a candy store in Chicago, The defendant> at the 
solicitation of the plaintiff and her husband* signed two 
proaissory notes, aggregiating #11^500»00, >hic4i notes were 
also signed by the plaintiff and her husband, in order to 
purchase the candy etore^ In the end the notes were paid by 
the defendant* The plaintiff worked in the store off and 
oa for a year or more, vmtil some time in 1923* During 
1938 and 1^4 her husband took charge of the store. In 
1^3, the plaintiff laade a trip to Bismarck, and was gone 
some tiae* When she came baok she again lived with her 
husband, at the Willrae Hotel, Ohica^* On January 33, 
1924» she filed a bill of complaint for divorce in the 
Superior Oourt, on the ground of cruelty* The acts of 
cruelty were alleged to have taken place on December 15, 
1^3, Febrmry IS, 1923, August 1, 1933, and January 5, 
1^4, The instant case was begun on Janxmry 26, 1934, 
On June 31, 19S4, she gave birth to a child* During the 
latter part of January 1924 and from then to January 16, 
1^5, she and her husband lived together. On February 1, 1925, 
the bill for divorce ^ust aitentioned was disfflissed. On Febru- 
ary 13, 1925, she filed a second bill for divorce against 
her husband, and in April, 1925, obtained a decree of Alvoroe 
on the ground of cruel ty» The decree recites the acts of 
cruelty as having taken place on December 15, 1922, February 
l3, 1923, August 15 and Decefflber 35, 1924« 

The declaration consists of four counts; they charge, 
substantially^ that *tiie defendant wrongfully induced her hus»> 
\ajA to desert and live apart from her, and as a result. 



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law 3— 

alienated and destroyed her husband's affections for her, so 
tliat i^e Iras lost and been deprived of her husbandfs society, 
and his assistance in her domestio affairs* The declaration 
sets for^ that the misconduct constituting the tort ohargec^ 
occurred on January 1, 1921^ and on divers days subsequent 
thereto, prior "to the beginning of this suit. 

For reversal of the judgment, the chief contention 
of the defendant is that the trial judge erred in ruling 
upon certain aeitters of evidence. In the view we take of the 
oase, this contention is well founded. Ho brief has been 
filed on behalf of tiie plaintiff. The brief for the defend- 
ant •nuaera.tes fifty-two^ so-called, points. Inasmuch, hatr^ 
svex^ as the judgment must be reversed and the cause remanded 
for a a«w trial^^ owing to the errors mentioned, it becomes 
unnecessary to set forth the evidence in detail, and we shall 
lizait this opinion merely to a consideration of some of the 
contests which arise oonoerning the admissibility and re<-> 
jeotioB of evidence. 

The evidence introduced on behalf of the plaintiff 
to make out her alle(^d cause of action, before resting^ 
consists of her testimony, whidi covers nearly 300 pages in 
the record) and certain exhibits, made up dbiefly of letters 
written by the defendaaf to his eK>&, the plaintiff <• husbaM, 

On r<^direet examination, ^e plaintiff was asked 
why sho ceased working continuously in the store, and she 
answered, "BecaTxse my husband * * * said, »Sow, my father 
does not want you to work in this store, and you are going 
to get out, and j»ou are going to stay out.»" In Fox v, Fudis. 



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241 111* App. 242, this court, after analyzing the deciaioas 
on the subject, ased the following lajaguage, ^It follows 
that the rule of the ooiaaion law still applies to any ad- 
missions or conversations of the other, and that such a*- 
missions and conversations are not authorised or permitted 
by the statute * Except in siiits or causes between sucb husband 
and wife."' See. 5, Oh*p« 51, Oahill's Eev. Stats. 1935. It 
follows that the testimony above referred to was Incoiapetent 
and inadatissible. 

The plaintiff was asked, on direct examination, 
what, if anything, her husband said to her at or about the 
dates of certain letters which had been received by her in 
September, 1921, and she answered that her husbnnd said, 
* I feel exactly as my father does about this situation. 
Tou are positively no good; I believe exactly what he has 
said to me, I want you to get out of the house, 1 don't 
want anything more to do with you*" She was further asked oa 
direct examination, whether she bad any conversation with 
her husband about December 7, 1921, indicative of his feelings 
toward hex, and she answered that her husband said, "I am going 
to do as ay father said; I sua going to be firm with you, and I 
am going to be the cook of the walk»* fhose questions and 
answers, \aader the ruling of this court in the Fox case ( supra ), 
were incompetent. 

When the plaintiff was asked whether in the first 
year of their married life her husband told her anything 
about his attitude towards her, sbe was allowed, over defendr* 
ant's objection, to answer as follows: "He said I was a 
very loving wife and oensidered me all a wife rtiould bs, a 



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lOTing companion. He said a great many things. In September, 
1^1, he was extremely critical and his attitude toward ma 
had changed. I|^ September, 1921, he took me by the hands 
and twisted them and said, 'you will sign these noteso* 
He referred to the notes we had signed in taking over the 
business. He said my father knows tfee type of gtrl you e 
are, and I believe hia,« That was objectionable for the 
reasons we have already stated. 

A series of letters written by the defendant to 
the plaintiff's husband, irtiich were surreptitiously gotten 
by her from her husband's possession, were introduced in 
evidence by the plaintiff, and it is contended for the 
defendant that, having been obtained without her husband's 
consent or knowledge, ttoey were inadmissible. Where evidence 
has been obtained by violating the law, as, for exaaple, in- 
vading the privacy of a home, without a search warrant, it 
has been held that the evidence may be auppresaed* ^ere, 
however, as here, the letters were sent to and were is the 
possession of her husband, and they were not obtained by 
duress, or fraud, other than being taken without his knowl*- 
edge, we feel boiind to hold, particularly as they were offered 
in evidence, not against her husband, but against the defend?- 
ant, that they were competent for what they were worth. 

It is contended for the defendant that at the close 
of the plaintiff's evidence, or at the close of all the evi- 
d nee, ttie oourt ehould have instructed the jury to find for 
the defendant. There is a large volume of evidence, and an 
examination of It does show aome evidence tending to prove 
the cause of action alleged, luftd that being the situation, 
under the law, the evidence had to be submitted to the jury. 



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Substantial error haying been cotnfflitted, particularly 
in permitting the plaintiff to testify to conTersatlo&s with, 
and admisBlons tqr her husband^ ve are of the opinion, as 
stated above, that there ou^t to be a new trial* We re- 
frain from passing upon the question whether the verdict 
was clearly against 'fee weight of the evidence; for, even 
if we were of the opinion that it wag, it would still be 
necessary, under the law, to remand the cause for a new 
trial, iliridh v, JTorsdiner i Gontracting Go,, 313 111, 343, 

Likewise, as to the instructions* At another 
trial the evidence will be different, and so may give rise 
to different instructions* 

For the reasons given, the jud^ent will be reversed 
and the cause remanded for a new trial, 

RirrERSED AND RIMARDED. 

t 

O'aOHNOR, J, {X)SCURS; 

THOMSOH,. J. SPECIALLY OOKOURRING: 

I concur in the foregoing decision, but in my 

opinion the fact that there may be different evidence 

presented on the reotrial of the case, does not mean that 

the instructions submitted and given will necessarily be 

different. To avoid possible error on the re!-tri»l, it 

should be pointed out that the third and fifth instructions, 

as given, were clearly erroneous and would be so, no matter 

what the evidence tm^ 



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291-31111 



JULIUS KIOSE, 

APPELLEE, 
vs. 
CHARLOTTE HAAG, 

APPELLANT. 



APPEAL FROM 

CIRCUIT COURT 
COOK COUNTY. 



9 4^ T A 8 30 

Opinion filed March 2^ 1927b 



MR, PRESIDING JUSTICE TAYLOR delivered the 
opinion of the court. 

on March 14, 1924, a jucSgment by confession, 
in the sum of #1,266,75 - being |1, 000.00 principal, 
$216,75 interest, and #50.00 attorney's fees - was 
entered, in the Circuit Court, in favor of the plaintiff, 
Julius Klose, and against the defendant, Charlotte Haag, 
on a promissory note, which was signed by the defendant, 
and payable to the plaintiff. 

About a year later, on March 9, 1925, an execution 
was issued, and on March 13, 1925, returned, showing service, 
demand, and no property found, and no part satisfied. 

On March 27, 1925, an order was entered based on 
a motion of the defendant, supported by affidavit, that the 
judgment by confession of March 14, 1924, be opened and the 
defendant given leave to plead, the judgment meanwhile to 
stand as security. The defendant pleaded that she had paid 
the note in full. She, also, filed an affidavit of merits. 







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Therein she alleged (1) that at the time of the execution of 
the note, the plaintiff told her she would not he reqmired to 
pay amy interest on it; (2) that for a period of ahout three 
years, just prior to September 17, 1920, the plaintiff lived 
at her home, and was fxirnished "by her with hoard, clothing, 
tobacco and incidentals; (3) that when he first lived with 
her, he paid |8,00 a week for his board, room and services, and 
continued to do so until September 17, 1920; (4) that on that 
date it was agreed that he should pay #15,00 a week, in the 
future, as far as he was able, and that whatever of that amount 
he Was not able to pay, should be credited on the #1, 000.00 
note; (5) that between September, 1920 and December 31, 1923, 
at $15,00 a week, $2, 580.00 became due the defendant, of which 
amount, the plaintiff paid $1473.00, leaving a balance due of 
$1107,00; and (6) that that balance, when applied on the note of 
|1,000.00, left due her, the defendant, |107.00, There was a 
jury trial, and, on November 18, 1925, a verdict for the plaintiff 
for $1,000. 00> and $50.00 attorney's fees, on November 20, 1925, 
a motion by the defendant for a new trial was granted. There was a 
second jury trial, and on January 9, 1926, a verdict for the 
plaintiff for $1,000.00, without interest, "plus fees," At the 
second trial, three interrogatories were given to the jury, and 
answered by them, 

(1) Did the plaintiff and defendant make an agreement 
on or about the 17th day of September, 1920, wherein and whereby 
it Was agreed between them that plaintiff was to pay to 
defendant $15.00 per week for board and that plaintiff would pay 
to defendant such moneys as he could, and the difference 
between the amount of money oaid by plaintiff to defendant and 
$15.00 per week was to be applied in payment of the note sued on* 



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This they answered in the negative, 

(2) Did the plaintiff 'boai'd with the defendant from about 
September 17, 1920, to about January 3, 1924, This, they 
answered in the affirmative* 

(3) Did plaintiff and defendant, on or ahout the 3rd 
day of January, 1924, arrive at an account stated. This, they 
answered in the negative. 

Motions for a new trial and in arrest of judgment were 
made and overruled, and judgment was entered that as to the amount 
Of $1,000.00, the former judgmeat stand. This ax>peal is there- 
from. 

For reversal, the chief contentions sire that the 
verdict was clearly against the manifest weight of the evidence; 
that errors were committed in ruling upon matters of evidence; 
and that error was committed in regard to certain instructions. 

Was the verdict manifestly against the weight of the 
evidence? Sometime in the year 1916, the plaintiff, a man, at that 
time, about 82 years old, went to "board and lodge at 1927 School 
street, with the defendant. In making arrangements as to hoard 
and lodging, the plaintiff, according to his testimony, said to 
the defendant, "I got an income of |540.00 a year. If you be 
satisfied with the money, I give to you |540.00 a year." The defen- 
dant testified that he promised her the interest on |9,000.00, 
which he had, being $540.00 a year. Following their under^ 
standing, the plaintiff boarded with the defendant at the house 
on School Street until the defendant, in September, 1920, moved 
to 3711 Palmer Street, and lived with her at the latter place 
until January, 1924, when he left. The defendant testified that 
during the time he boarded with her on School Street, she 
received about $8.00 a week. On July 16, 1920, 9X a few days 



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9XAb V6l B %» tOSeX tSX Y-twL no .3(s&w r, 00-8| tx/od'ii JbaTleoai 



^4^ 
prior thereto, she, the defendant, according to her testimony, 
borrowed $1,000.00 from him, the plaintiff, and gave him the 
note here in suit» The note is dated July 16, 1920, payable 
to Julius Kloee, with interest at 6^ per annum, and contains 
a warrant of attorney. She testified that she borrowed the 
#1,000,00 from the plaintiff, and without interest. 

On September 17, 192© , according to the defendant, 
she had two conversations with the plaintiff. She says she 
told him in the morning that she could not keep him for #8,00 
a week; that he said he would not pay more than #8.00 or $9,00 
a week; and that he was going to look for a place, and in the 
evening came back and said that he could not find a place; that 
they talked about expenses; that she did not receive all the 
interest that was promised; that she wanted #15,00 a week; 
that he said he would pay it, but as he did not have enough 
money, the difference between what he could jfey and #15,00 a 
week, should come off the note. On the other hand, the plaintiff 
denied that she told him that she could not keep him any longer 
for the amount of money he was paying. The plaintiff testified 
that he loaned the defendant #1400,00, and that it was evidenced 
by a check, dated July 2, 1920, for #1400.00. A check for 
#1400,00 was offered in evidence. It was for #1400,00, dated 
July 2, 1920, signed by Paul Schulte, payable to the order of 
the plaintiff, and endorsed Julius Klose and p. Manes. P. Manes 
was defendant's son-in-law. Across the face of the check were 
the words, "J, M, Durgee, Cashier," The plaintiff testified 
that he got the check from Schulte, and gave it to the defen- 
dant to buy a house with. It was admitted by the defendant, that 
in addition to receiving #8iO0 a week, she was having the use of 
ll.OOO.OOj without interest. Her testimony as to whether, in 



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July, 1920, she was paid |1, 000.00 or $1400.00, is somewhat 
coxif using; at first she said she did not see the check, and later, 
that she did not rememher. In January, 1924, the plaintiff 
left, and stotjped boarding with the defendant. He testified 
that when he left in January, she told him to call in March 
for his money; that she had a #2,000,00 mortgage, and if 
she got the money she would pay him; that on March 1, 
1924, he oalled for the #1400.00, and she told him that 
the man who owed the mortgage had called, hut as he had no 
money, she could not pay him^: the plaintiff. The defendant 
denied that she told him to call in March, or that he waa 
there in March, but admitted that she had a mortgage for 
#2,000.00, and that the plaintiff knew of it. She testified 
that when he left in Jajiuary, 1924, she told him he owed 
her #1,107,00; and that he said he would give her back the 
#1,000.00 note. 

AS to the claim of the defendant that the plain- 
tiff agreed to pay #15,00 a week, her daughter testified 
that she heard the plaintiff, in September, 1920, tell her 
mother that he would pay $15,00 a week; and a son of the 
defendant, Paul, testified that in July, 1924, he heard his 
mother ask the plaintiff about the note, and that the defendant 
said, he did not hage it with him, but would bring it in a few 
days, and that as to the #107*00, he would settle that later on» 

From the foregoing recitation, it is obvilfcui^a that, 
whether a promise was made, by the plaintiff, on September 
17, 19S0, to pay #15#00 a week for his board and lodging, 
depends very greatly^ if not entirely, on the credence given 
the different witnesses, partioxilarly, the plaintiff and the 
defendant* The check for #1400*00 is strong evidence that the 
defexutent actually borrowed #1400,00* The plaintiff testified 



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he gave it to her and her testimony shows some vacillation, 
and is quite confusing. It is admitted by both sides that 
the |1|000 note was given, and that no interest was to be 
charged on it. The plaintiff claimed that in January, 1924, 
she told him to call in March for the money on the note, 
and that he did so, and that she said she could not pay him 
because her mortgage debtor was not able to pay her* That 
is denied by her. Of course, we have not had the witnesses 
before us, and so we are ajfe a very great disadvantage* At 
the trial, the plea of the general issue was withdrawn, and 
counsel for the defendant stated that he stood on the plea 
of payment, and admitted that the burden of proof of payment 
was on the defendant. To the interrogatory of the defendr- 
antj was there an agreement for |15*00 a week, the jury 
answered, no. Bearing in mind the issue, upon whom was the 
burden of proof, the evidence, the finding of the jury; the 
fact that credence to be given the witnesses was of vital 
importance and that there have been two trials, resulting 
in like verdicts, we axe of the opinion, notwithstanding many 
discrepancies in the evidence on both sides, that we are not 
justified in overriding the verdict of the jury. 

It is contended that the court erred in admitting 
in evideffloe the check for |1400*00, which the plaintiff 
testified he gave to the defendant. That, in our judgment, 
is untenable. The plaintiff was entitled to state in detail, 
if he sair fit, what took place at and about the time that the 
$1,000,00 note was given by the defendant to him* If at, or 
about, that time he loaned or gave her a check for $1400.00, 
he had the right to say so, and produce and put in evidence 
the chec*. The fact that the defendant admitted the considei** 1 



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«tlon for the .?1, 000,00 note, <itd not, ger g«, deprive tb« 
plaintiff of fl^ovlni: »h«t oonutltuted the transaction in 
qtt««tlon. Then, too, tisp d*-fen^*nt ha a testified, before 
the not* wii« of: f-red Iv. evldeaoe, thnt she asfced the pl*ia- 
tlff foT $l,(>OO,0f:', swd rtl*1 r.ot 68k hia for §1400,00, -nd 
«toen shown the cheek In question, teetlfled eoaievhat ▼Sj^rcicly 
Al»out It, In reftlitjr, ^«?r« w^rt quite a ntuaber of r#a.soae 
«liy the ^edc ««• net only ooKpetent, but very laiport»nt 
erldenoe. It v&a important, fven, ae bearing upon the d**— 
fend&nt*s credibility, ?h« defen?mnt undertook no ejtplAn»- 
tloa of the ohedk, although It »&• endorsed not only by the 
plaintiff, but by r. i«ine«, th^ son-in-law of the defi«nd«nt 
».ad Peter iK@.ne« vea not oaXl«d, eltboujiEh his iirif« was. 

It is contended tbs.t, es t*i« defisn'^Bt, on Ftbr«Rr|i 
2S, 1934, sent a st&teaent of aooount to the laintlff, ^t%A it 
eikS reoeived by t^e plaintiff anr! not sessonftbly objj^ctf^ to 
by hia, it beoaae an Recount stnted. The evidence of the 
plaintiff ritJOwa, however, that & few days »fte? the letter 
was sent, he csjue la fro*, whiting, where he was living, 3tad 
▼Isited the def en *nt, and told her th&t he had ooae, ss she 
had aske«i hia to do, for his asoney, and that in answer to 
his reqiaest, she t»ld hia that a aasi who owad her « certain 
■ortgftg*** *»• *^«B unable to pay her, and, therefore, she 
was unable to pay hia, tb* plaintiff. That e'rl^enoe prevents 
tbs inferenoe that the plaintiff, by y«BSon of not answer- 
ing the flifendant*s stateaent, had amaotioned the written 
aocoimtk 

It is aoatimded that error was committed la regard 
to certain instructions. The ebstruot falls to show at 
whose instunoe or request any of the iastruotiona waa given. 






-ff.tR 

tJt»MS*v #*dwts»o« r.^ii^Uia* ,lt»i- 



»f0 mrerft atdNr 
Xe: , is ado «d^ to lEOit 



#a«l>««t' 






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l»tj^9T at b99fitm9fy nm ttmm $Btif iMmitfm'- si it 



<0»8m 



and the record is defective in the same way; nor doea it 

show who Bubmitted the instructioni that were refused* 

The court Baid in Martin v^ 0. & M^ Ele c. R. R> Co*» 220 Ill» 97» 

" It is important to know at vnhose request 
the instructions were given, in order that any 
alleged error in giving same may be properly 
considered* It is not the province of the court 
to report to conjecture for the purpose of dejerm- 
ining whether an instruction has been given at the 
reqSfst of appellants, * * • but it is the duty 
of the parties bringing the record to this court, 
to make the alleged errors clearly appear, the 
rule being that the bill of exceptions is their 
pleading, and must be taken most strongly agamat 
them." Boyd v > Schnell> 209 111, App. 187, 

It is claimed by counsel for the defendant lAat 
in Bome way the plaintiff, while on the witness stand, was 
gailty of misconduct; apparently in answering questions. 
The plaintiff, at the time of the trial, was over ninety 
yearaof age. Oo^msel cite as illustrative of the plaintiffs 
misconduct, that when plaintiff's counsel asked him the 
question, -Did she (meaning the defendant) tell you that 
ahe could not keep you any longer for the amount of money you 
were payingT- the plaintiff answered, «N0, she was satisfied 
to get what I ^ve her." Oertainly there was nothing extra. 
ordinary about that answer; in fact, it was quite natural 
that the Witness, presumably not having a knowledge of the 
rules of evidence, should answer the question in the ne^tive, 
^, then give the reason. Three or four other instances 
Of alleged misconduct are called to our attention in the brief 
Of counsel for the defendant, but in none of ^e» do we find 
anything of substantial importance, 

X. +»r,+iai error in the record, the 
Finding no substantial error ^^^^^^ 

judgment is affirmed. 

0X30HN0R, J. AND THOMSON, J. CONCUB. 



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*aaDHO0 ,L .lOBMOHT OH A A ^SOUHOO'O 



93 - 31231 

PAUL ADAMITIS^ 



Appellant y 



NELLHl McARDLE> 



Appellee, 



APPEAL FROM 

MUNICIPAL COURT 

OF OHIOAGO. 



2d4 1A. 6f^0 

Opinion filed March 2, 1927 « 



V 



MR. PRESIDING JUSTICE TAYLOR delivexed the 
opinion of the court* 

On Febrixary 13, 1925, a judgment by confession 
was entered in the Municipal Court of Chicago in favor of 
the plaintiff, Paul Adamitis and against the defendant, 
lellia McArdle in the sum of $412.21, being a balance alle^ d 
to be due on a $1,000,00 note and |36,80, attorney»s fees* 

As a result of a motion and verified petition by 
the defendant, the court, on July 16, 1925, opened up the 
judgment, and gave the defendant leave to make a defense, re 
the judgment to stand as security, and the petition to stand 
as an affidavit of merits. 

There was a trial before the court without a jury, 
and on February 20, 1936, the original judgment was vacated 
and a judgment was entered in favor of the defendant* This 
appeal is from that judgment. 

At liie trial the plaintiff introduced the note in 
evidence, and rested. The note was for |1,000.0C, dated 
February 27, 1922 and signed by the defendant. It was 
payable to the order of herself and due in 18 months from 












,3£«XX9q«A 



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lo .ifioif© it© ¥txJ00 I-WjioiiT^M erf* ai fcsrcai^n* 8««r 

t.ta£b::- *«flijR3.e has, sittzi-t^A Me^ «.tliifjsi«l«^ iifd- 

sftsn^o**^ tOS«a?^ fca'js s^oii 00*000 ei|- >» .i^^ suf: sd o# 

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its date, it was endorsed by her, and also, by M, Albert 
Iver* It recites that it was aeovired by a jtanior mortgage 
on certain real estate and was inferior to 18 other notes, 
aggregating |5, 000,00, On the badk were certain endorsements 
of payment leaving a balance due of |334»16, It is the 
theory of the defendant (1) that the note was paid; and (3) 
that she had a good defense against Iver> who had taken 
the note before maturity, and that the plaintiff (as she 
claimed) took the note after maturity, and, therefore, he 
was not entitled to recover. The plaintiff's theory is 
that ke took it before maturity, and Ibat it was not paid. 

The defendant introduced in evidence, over plaintiff's 
objection, what purported to be a memorandxm dated May 19, 
1923, and signed by one H. Albert Iver, It stated that it 
was to certify that he agreed to give her for her interest 
in 4911«-13 Calumet Avenue, her original investment and ten 
percent in cash including "all payment* on second mortgage 
note at any time within one year from date upon 90 days written 
notioe« 

Also, there was introduced in evidence over plaintiff's 
objection, a memorandum dated July 16, 1923, signed by 
H« Albert Iver and Nellie McArdle, the defendant. It 
stated that he agreed to purchase and she agreed to sell 
the Calumet Avenue i^roperty for the net sum of |4500«00; 
that he was to assume all mortgages and that if the contrftot 
was not olosed in 30 days, it would be iull and void. 

She testified that she met Iver at his office and 
received the money whidh was promised. She further test!*- 
fled that she made the payments which were endorsed on the 



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(£) has ;I)i4Bq a««r 9*»a »ri* &sd;t (I) */T»fa^£9l:8Jb sd* lo vsood* 

a»af«* £)3iJ orfw txavl -J-aui:^*^ ©acsisfe Jboog s i)JBrf ©da tsiit 

9fd8 Bn) Itlxd^nialq aricr Jsriif Ahb ^-^iTtrtsaj STOiarf ©ton ©rf;* 

lis;*- bOA tss»m&:-iBvat Ixabsito TOri tOxm-SYil ^ftawIsO €1-1X6* ni 

«»j*iTW syafc Oe fitoqa/ ©;^£>b moTl isey axio Kxii;fi«r «2ci? y^b *j» 9toa 

v90tton 

*I »t!iBtn*t'iQb Bdi ^9lbXAoU Bllls-a .tojs i^ri jxecfXA »K 

;O0*O0di^ lo auf» #90 9xf* xol Y**®<l05i:^ ^um^A t9mifSjs.O ad* 
d-ounc^iioo arit It ^^^dt baa tagJss^TOis IIjs msnims ot urn »d tsti^ 

9tdi no Jbeertofciiw ;ri.!yw jdoiifw aJaaait*^ 9d* »*>«» 9/Ja iadi Sxifi 



back of ihe note; that Iver had tiie note there the last 
time, in June, 1923; that when the deal was closed, nothing 
was said about a fvirther payment on the note; that her name 
was not in the telephone book and she did not suppose the 
plaintiff knew where she was. When asked as to what occurred 
at Lie office, when eftie received the puTohase price, in 
regard to the note in question, she answered, "That was 
to go in, I had no oonvefisatio:^ on that note^" There was 
introduced in evidence, otrer the objection of the plaintiff, 
a warranty deed, dated August 8, 1923, from her to V« Albert 
Iyer and Esther B, Iver as joint tenants* 

One Marshall, an attorney, who was the trustee 
in the trust deed which secured, among others, the note 
in qxiestion, testified that, on February 9, 1925, the 
plaintiff called at his office and handed him the note, 
and asked him how it came about that he, the witness, had 
executed a release deed which the plaintiff had found, upon 
examination, on record; that he, the witness, said he would 
look the matter wp and let him know; that he asked the 
plaint iff There he, the plaintiff, got the note, and the 
plaintiff replied he got it from Ivers a few months ago, this 
last stmmier (meaning 1924); that he, the witness, said, 
"You got it after maturity", and the plaintiff answered, 
"Tes"; that the other notes were all paid and cancelled. 

There wad introduced in evidence a letter 
dated February 11, 1925, from the attorneys of the plaia- 
tiff to the witness Marshall* It stated that the plain- 
tiff was the holder of note 19, the one here in question; 
that it had been given to -them to collect; that they found 



HiSi- <^i,oq.qui to e.d« l?tts atooci ^aodq^l»i mi al ton ubw 

estaisiirt 9xit eow oxiv ^^'YeiTEo^t'a xss «iI«£lBa.eM SisO 

^9to.n Sitj fisiil uefe/.t.«ji line »olt3:(s aicf ts fialXBo VtiisilBlq 

flow tAfl-trcl l)«d lii#arJBl<j a/f* rfoljfw fea^ii •859l«'S ja fe©Jxic»X0 

•d* fcsacjR ©ri iAdj^ jvoci^ leid *»I &fltB xjh T©;l'Jjejtt sdt leol 
9>:a' has c^^Ofl »d:i- *o;g «lli;fisi<aXq »n$ ^^d STTjii-^'mtnialq 

*beZX90tx&9 bRjSL i>l»rf sjja ^th-w b©#o0 t*^0 «>.c{* JadJ jt'esY" 

j/ttoiJaeiLrp fli »!i©£( &ac adJr ^SX 9;*'oa to Tt©4iXoa i;i# b** tW* 
lifUfOt \9xJj jjsriJ- (ifoailoo c:i' .x<:.-icy- oj nft^le xs •^.•' >-,«.-< ti c^«di• 



no record of a release deed purporting to toe executed 
and acknowledged by Marshall; that they,, the plaintiffs, 
had confessed judgment on the note for the balance duej 
and were sending the letter to let Marehall know what 
had been done so he would have an opportunity to investigate 
the matter, as to any liability he mi^t have incurred* 

The def enrtantB there rested and the plaintiff 
moved for a finding in his favor. This was overruled. 
The evidence of the plaintiff is as follows^ which, taken 
literally, is somewtoat confusing; that he had known Iver 
for several years; that he acquired the note on April 20, 
1933; that on that date Iver owed him |5,000«00 which 
was over due; that Iver paid |500,00 on that date and 
later on gave him the aote for |800»00; that he said to 
Iver that he needed the note and he, the plaintiff, asked 
him, what for, and Iver said he wanted the note back and 
he gavs it to him and Iver gavs him a trust receipt and 
he, the plaintiff, gave him the note and also another note 
and Iver kept that for a few days and after a while he 
gave back the trust receipt; that Iver owed him, prior to 
April 30, 1923, $7,000.00, andhe, the plaintiff, had a note 
for it; that Iver gave him a note for |800»00, aad he took 
back a note for $5700*00« 

The plaintiff introduced in evidence a note dated 
April 20, 1933, for $5700«00 signed by Iver* The plaintiff 
further testified that on April 35, 1923,, Iver wanted the 
note back and he, the plaintiff, gave him the two notes and 
Iver gave him a trust ireceipt* 



,f:.»JDunT8V0 85W BiriT .T^^^X. t-ld al -^mnn « tot !>•▼«« 

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rfoid^ 00»000t3^ Jflisi bswtj tsrl «tis& iBd9 ao tHr4 jCSSX 

Sifijs 9*.«f) Jsri;J no 00,00a| Jbi:js<j Wl?vl fMd^ j9tifl> T9V0 sjsw 

o* .bi-BB •rt 3-Bdl- ;00^008S -rol 9iot& arit alrf st^ no 'ioi^bI 

£)93fB« ^lli*fli«Ig srfd- »6>ri i>/j4S 9;foii ari* bsAeea sc^ :^3rfd■ ^9tI 

f)Cf£! :;IoJ8cf 9i-oa arJ^ bs^a-ST? ad i>iAg "St©?! baa ^te\ #sdw ,fiiif 

fcrLS tqisostt teirrS' £ Miff ev.'Sg tsrl ba£ mtd ©* *l ftrssg ^d 

8d •Itdm £ 7.&flA bas 9xsb wet s toI: ^jb/IS- ^qpi ic»vl fcUB 

o:^ Toiixq ^ald £>9W0 x»vl *>5id* j*qi;->o«*t tstrs:^ edi :AoM •▼ag 

e;tc/i M hR& ^WlisiiaKi ad* <©fiti>a?5 tOO*000,Vf »88ex tOS Xiit<jA 

:ioct 0.'! frsF ^'Xv"''''^"-' "'■■"' ■■■■■* -'m^- * ...irf av^g i:s»^l rfijrf? j*i nol: 

Itttai&iq, QifS ,T©vI V'cf fttfQla 00#00?3i^ tot «5S8X ^OS XittgA 

baA f.9i0tt ewt aUtt ield »rjgg ^ItltaUilq »rf* ^-id trta ^osd ttfoa 

ttqt90*4 #aint & mid tYjag tstI 



The plaintiff offered in evidence a docijunent re- 
citing that he, Iver, had received from him a #1,000.00 note 
and a note for |5,00%00 which he, Iver, would hold as 
"bailee and turn ofiep on demand, or property of equivalent 
value* 

The plaintiff further testified that he kept 
asking for the notes; that he fore the and of Jtma, 1923, 
Iver gave him lo&dk. one notej that the note in question 
he has had in his possession ever since that date] that 
he first learned of the release off the trust deed when 
he went to Marshall's office in February, 1925; that he 
went to Marshall's office in February, 1935, and asked 
Marshall where Iver was, and Marshall said, he had not 
seen him for a long time. He further testified that he 
had possession of the note from the latter part of June, 
19ZZs until he entered up judgment on itj. that he hae 
never received any payment for it; that he did not say 
to Marshall that he got the note after maturity; that he 
never got the |5,000»00 and is out that amount also; that 
he had looked for Iver for over a year but could not find 
him; that he Txnderstood he had been indicted* 

He further testified that he gave Iver the note 
in question in April and Iver signed the receiptj 1that 
it was returned to him 60 days later with the endorsements 
on; that he adked Ivex for the moneys and Iver said, " I 
will take care of you^* 

There was offered in evidence on behalf of the 
defendant, an affidavit signed by N. Albert Iver and dated 
August 27, 1923, in which Iver deposes and says that "note 



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codw fe^»«l5 ;^axfi* i^rlt 5:o &»..?»Iei: sri# lo h9&%»9i tntll 9ti 

»rl !f,6ifij {gsex tX'3:*ifX«fe^ fci will© a'lisjfsij&M o* t«»w eid 

teo! fiaxl »ii c&Jt^-iS Xisrf8ra;«M Jbn* <a«ir -xstI 3i:©jfw XljBrfeTj^ 

e9iKi;Xs t© f%m ii9it»l drfiJ" aoxl »Joist 9dt le aoisaseeoq bail 

Xi»8 *CB Jbife 9d to^f iti tol ^csir^aq t^s f»avl©osT xsvsa 
•utf jrsoft ix^l^utm: 'i»;*'t£. ston «dj tog sa' d'.sri;}' fXariaOjiiM ©* 

► "■stoiMi iisea' tmi erf lx;0* st <.=•.;-) m/ sif ^ji?/^ {^tfi 

:. " ^bism rsrl has ^X^aom erf* rol xmrX b^t&s qA *«rf* ;ao 

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3*0fl« tail* e-?«a fcflw aaaoqol) st^yi doidm ai «SSex ^Ye ^ajujjwA 



No, 19 in the amount of $1,000, mentioned in the trust 
deed from Nellie McArdle to Edward Ma^rshall, trustee, 
dated February 37, 1932 « ♦ * has laeen paid and marked 
eanoelled by me. This affidavit is made for the purpose 
of sectaring an ' indemnifying bond from the American Surety 
Oompanjp of New York, indemnifying the Ohioago Title & 
Trust Company against any loss by the presentment of said 
note NO. 19 for repayment to any alleged holder*" 

fbe affidavit of Iver made for the pxirpose of 
securing an indemnifying bond, was purely ex parte, and waa 
inadmissible as evidence against the plaintiff;^ Iver is 
not a party to the suit, and what he wrote can not be 
considered as evidence in favor of the defendant and 
against the plaintiff. If Iver had been called as a witness 
he could have testified to what he knew, if anything, about 
the fact of payment, and then could be oross**»examined. But, 
such evidence may not be supplied by axi affidavit in pale . 
Mr, Justice Breese,aaid, in Manny v„ Stockton, S4 111* 306, 
"There was no error in excluding the affidavit of Marshall, 
It was not evidence in the cause, was ex parte, and amounted 
to AO more than hearsay evidence** Shreve v « Town of Cicero , 
139 111. 226, 329| ftuinn v » Rawsoxi, 5 111, App, 130; P etrea 
V, Hediger. 173 111* ApP, 203, 208, 

We think the evidence for the plaintiff that be 
got the note before maturity^ that is, before August 27, 1923, 
is quite overwhelming. It is the testimony of the plaintiff 
that he got it befoee maturity and that is corroborated by 
the so^-oalled trust receipt of Iver, which is not disputed, 
and which is dated April 25, 1933* Ftorther, then, as to 



«!§N9* 



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^os --n^«e.te£) ad, lo ^or.r^ .^i^3 m, t^BbJ:Baoo 

tmcia ^air^na^ u ,weni ed t^dw o* JHeni^se^t sv«d l»l..oo erf 

t^xrs ,X)9ni«^x9^aacxo ed Mxroo j^srit Ms ,*„««^^ ^o #o«I ed* 

.ai^a M ;fiva&ill6 HB vo i»eiXq§xra ed ;^o^ ,.^ ^«^i^e ifoxra 

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^ :^Bd;t llltctislq srft xol eombtVB sxi^ inxn> aW 

Trf i>s*«xoa-oxToo «i ,^^t i>aM ^^ixx,,^, e,^,,,. ,, ,^ ^^^ ^^^^ 
*l.e*.qaib *on ai ..ol.^ ,x.vl lo .qxeosx t..r, JbalX^^oa eri.^ 



payment, e»cluding the affidavit of Ivexj^ of August 37, 1923, 
there is practically no evidence that the note was ever paid. 
The defense eet up in the defendant 'e affidavit of merits is 
payment, and yet the most that can be made of the evidence 
for the defendant is that Iver and his wife, .agreed to assume 
it, as part of the lien on the property. That is insufficient! 
It is claimed that the plaintiff was not diligent, hut the 
defendant was the maker and it was her obligation to pay it, 
and not the plaintiff to seek her out and make a demand. 

It is true the evidence is conflicting and in 
many ways confusing, but, after the judgment was opened 
up, it was the duty of thedefendant to prove payment, and, 
in our judgment, she failed to do so« 

The judgment will be reversed and tlie causa* 
remanded with directions to confirm the judgment of 

|416«31 in favor of the plaintiff and against the defendant. 

• 

REVERSED AND REMANDED WITH DIRECTIONS, 
OtOONKOR^ J. AND THOMSON, J. CONCUR* 



soxisfci-c' -ffi 9cf /X6C i'-Mt *»oft' aiW !r<i^ JSjoe «*a(eiSY«t3: 

,{)jC3a»ft « sajsaj i- sii Jioya o;}' "clljfaxjilq e>xf;J- J- on ba& 



^ rm /^ B /I «-^ wj wm^' 
227 - 31046 



244I.A. 630 



FRANK WAXSMAM, doing business as } 
WAISMAH REALTY OOMPAKY, ) 



Appellee, 



) APF'EAL FROM 

) 

) MUHICIPAL OOORT 

) 

) OF OHICAGO, 



A. acOTBERG AND MRS, A, RCOTBE'RG, ) 

Appellant, ; 
Opinion filed March 2, 1927 « 



MR. JUSTIOE O'OOHSOR delivered the opinion 
Of the court. 

Plaintiff brought an action against the defendants 
to recover #3750oOO, which he claimed was due him as com- 
nissions for obtaining a purchaser for defendants' property. 
The amount claimed was three percent of 1135,000.00, which 
plaintiff alleged was the amount received by the defendants 
for the real estate. The case was tried before the court 
without a Jury and there w^e a finding and judgment in plain- 
tiff's favor for ^3735#00, whidi was three percent of #124, 500*00, 
being the amount for which the property was actually sold. 

Plaintiff offered evidence tending to show that 
he was engaged in the real eat- te ousiness in Chicago, and 
that on Jly 15, 1933, he and one of ris enployes were solicit- 
ing property owners on Jackson Boulevard to list their real 
estate for sale with him; that on that date they called on the 
defendant Mrs. Rootberg at her home on Adams street and that 
she authorised plaintiff to sell a piece of real estate owned 
Iqr herself and her husband which was located at the southeast 
comer of Jackson Boulevard and Springfield avenue; that the 
price she asked for the proparrty was $126,000e00, subject to 



"'OVd .Llhh^ 



9^)15 » TSS 



( 

Tiu .-/u u*iXOIHIJM ( ^v 

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,TtT©qOT? »ita«fta«lsb tot ^ea^rfs^uq « affifliajftfo tot aisoiatla 

ttoirfw «00.000«5Slt lo *ft90T»<y 99Trf* »sm fcd«i«fo Jnt/OmJB •<1T 

ttrwoo #rf# ♦Tto^»d f)«ia:f Sisw ae^c arfT .»#^^ea XiB«t 9di rrO^, 

}0,00«,*8X| to *n»o:t»q 9»iri# a,jw dbirfw .(SO^afiVS^ tot loval 8*151* 

tMdt worfK 0* ^axx)fi9cr soaebivs fee^allo tU^fliji»x<i 

^ielXoB ««w ••ToXqi.9 Blr to •«, j.a.« .n ,£Sex ,ax ^I L iro tsAt 

£s»r Ti9ri* #8iX e* brmium m)»io«L nc exaawo x*T»qotq ^eti 

•ttt uo t^Us^ ^sds e*«b utl^ ac **rft j«i4 rftflw .x*. tol •^^^.a 

fcanwo .*«cf., X«»t to soaiq , XI.. o* niJixiBlq 6.aitod;^u* .H. 
#.«./l#i/o. 9rf# #. f,9#«>«x tmn ttoltim bumamrti it.ri Am tl.»ierf ^tf 



two mortgages, one for $57^500 and the other for |8O,OCO,00j 
that a oaoh payment of $35,000,00, woxild be necessary to ef- 
fect a sale. Plaintiff's evidence further tends to show that 
MrBj Rootberg directed them to her husband who was working, 
on that date, at another address, send that plaintiff and his 
representatlTS called on Mr, Rootberg and informed him of the 
conversation iiiey had with Mrs, Hootberg and that he ratified 
what she had done, Plaintiffts evidence further tends to 
show that plaintiff listed the property for sale in his real 
estate office and that in Ko'v^ember or December, 1933, he 
submitted the property to one Benjamin Rodman; that he had 
taken Rodman to see the property; that Rodman seemed to be 
interested, but stated that he could not then make the puj»- 
chase unless he obtained a partner who would be willing to 
buy the property with him and that when he was ready he would 
notify plaintiff in the matter. The evidence further shows 
that on February 4, 1924, the defendants entered into a con- 
tract for the sale of the property with Rodman; that the pur- 
chase price agreed upon was 1134,500,00, and that on March 
I3th following, the sale was oonsummated; that sometime after- 
wards plaintiff learned of this fact and took up the matter 
of payment of his commission with the defendants, but they 
denied all liability. The evidence further shows that three 
pox cent was the regular usual commission charged by brokers 
and there is no complaint that the amo\mt of the judgment is 
excessive. The only contention is that plaintiff was entitled 
to nothing because he had nothing to do with the sale of the 
property, but on the contrary, that it was sold by the defend- 
ants themselves* 



*«/!* fofis of etifls* TsrftiATl ionaiJive t^ltl^atisil ^•Isitt « *o»1: 

aid fetfJB YiliniBlq .t.«;rf* ciiB ^a»«xbfcjs 59d*©A« tm ^9t«A tAdt no 

•rf* to ffiirf baarrctai: bae s"*»cif*0OH .-sdM ao fe»II«o avl^a^naaatqai 

Jbaitl*? :'5T»d*Oij!H .8iM i*iw £>.arf y«^ xioi*flaic9Viioo 

c* et.ci'ii isiUiut ^onabiva a'HiJci;*!? .aaob b&i arte *»dw 

X«iE aiff at aXisa lal: '5i4i:9Cj'oaq ari* bnt^ii VtUatslq tjnis worfa 

a^ «SSei ^vadtcaoaQ rco ladnevoH ai tAiU baa aolllo a^d^aa 

Jbjsd 9d tssit laMmbc^ aiw»t,a9ii 9 no oi xit^qoiq ad^ b9ittmiim 

9<S oi Mmaaa atm^oa tadi ix^x^qcxq diii saa <nt tsMoboR aai«^ 

•^UQ 9df «3i4M mdt foa bli/ao »ti tsii b^isia tiffS ^a^sais^ai 

o^ ;|AiLIi« ad bLuc^ cdir tsaiiMq. a I>a£[i;'^cfo acf aeslacr aaAxfo 

Jb lucw ad ^JbJ89T saw Qd j.sis ba& aid li^iw ^trnqorq Bdt \iid 

•sorfa tadiTul noa^btv^ srff •Ye;f;}as ailj- al ttlti$Jt.Blq xtiSoa 

-x; 5ri# iaambOfi siftp xttfi<^ t tot tOJnt 

AoxaM ao t»Jii bjSM t,0Q»004«J^SX$ aaw aoqxr Jbss'^^s aoXTq oaaifo 

oiratlfi anltattoa #«rf;}- iJ>at«i)!iitj;;«aoo a^v alaa ari^ ^gzixwoIXol: dtSI 

ta*if«tt 6rfj q0 iooj brr« #o«l sirfcr lo 5aaT«9X TtllJuIalq abtav 

fad* tmf ,B#aafcnst9fc arfj rf*lw floiaaisMOo aid la *i»aix:*9. "^o 

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aia:<o'xef x<i bv^rBda aoiaaiinatoo laSKraii -taluaaT atfl- aaw #ii9d Taq 

ai toaogbtft >^' ^o #iu;om< ^rt;)- ^ed^ tettalqaieo on ai aiadt baa 

hnltiiim aaw Ititoialq taif^ ei aotiavia^ao Xiao •fSt ^avlaaaoxa 

»f!} td aiaa arlt dtiw OD of ■:^c.lAioa hsA 9A aaitjsoaef ^^aitf^oa ot 

-l»it*T;af> aifr t<if fcjoa ajiw it imdi ,XT«Ttfloc arf* cro ttt4 4X*»»<?o«<l 

«a9viaa«iif# atoa 



-5- 

The defendants denied that they had listed the 
property with plaintiff and denied that plaintiff and 
his representative called upon Mrs. Rootberg on July 15, 
1933, or at any other time prior to the sale of the pro- 
perty* Both defendants testified in substanoe that they never 
heard of plaintiff in oonneotion with the sale of the pro- 
perty until sometime after the sale was made, when he made a 
demand for commissions* They both testified that they had 
never listed the property with him or any of his representa- 
tives and had no connection with the plaintiff or his re- 
presentatives in connection witb the sale of the property; 
that the property was sold to Rodjmn throu^ a Mr, 3tein, 
who was a p&rtasr of the defendant Rootberg, and that Stein 
was the one who Interested Rodman in the property, 

Rodman, the purchaser called by the defendants, 
testified that the property had not been submitted to him 
by the plaintiff or wiy of his representatives; that he had 
walked into the plaintiff's real estate office tometime In the 
fall of 1923 Inquiring if plaintiff had anv bargains in the 
real estate line and that plaintiff took Rodman to see two 
pieces of property, but not the property in question; that 
plaintiff never mentioned the property in question to him. 
He further testified that he bou^t the property direct from 
the owners whom he had known persof^lly and intimately for 
seventeen or eighteen years; that the defen^lants had built 
the building about two years before, that he knew the build- 
ing from the time It was being built and that he and the 
defendants visited baok and forth freauently« 

In addition to plaintiff's testimony a number of 



«5- 

. ..^ m;raxiilq ixdt bBU - ^^UatMtq dtlv x*T»qOT:q 

,ei ^Iirl. fro 3X96r#ocH ,811! ixoqw fe»i CiBo 9Yi#«^n»«»iq»a Bid 

bad tsif* ""rf* fceitltadi- rf?od ^edT ,nac imlsaaoo xol: l^iuKoreJb 

-i»rc BJ: ifatMxq sfit d^Tlw ^roi#d9cuxo9 on b^ bam mttrlf 

i^tfTOqo"S<j ^rii- to »I«6 9ri* iii^iw aoltonaaoo at B^vltJsfnststBxqi 

jxlft^S tetii bas ^srcatftooS *asbfi»l9i; arf^ lo taattjasj a a«v orfw 
*X*'S»q[0^q 5^'i* ff-i nscibofi bs^ed-xs^ni otiw aao •!!* sjnr 

9ilt at «Hissi«f /fft; x^oiiiXcf ti :ial'tisipaJi SSBBl to XX«t 

owl- ->-»« ©t ii«Bfeof< io©? ^tUatAixf fBtit hits »Ail 9t9Hk 'itm 
tAttf jitoi^astrp ni. Y*T»qotq mtii tmt trrcf ^v^Taqotjj K:o 8©08lq 

rol xl^t^attttt bBM ^tte^aroij smoni bAd »d «o/fvr wr^oiro tdit 

tliudl b*d Btnef>n9Jnb arit t*d* {at^^Y n*»»*rf3l» ^o x!»8;ffl«v«» 

-bXlirtf »d* ««fl:[f Arf irjwf# ,»rtot»rf BXMttx owt tsj&da igaibltad 9dt 

<9(it bxu 9d tMdt bas tltsjd gnistf cav tl tmlf arf* jaotl jal 

to xa^msMe m xnoadtm9t e'lltlJaXAXq o^ mltibbx al 



his employe* testified corroborating his rersion of the 
transactiotia We think it rould serve no uaeful purpose to 
analyse the testimony of the several witnesses in detail, 
because it appears fxoa i^at we have said that the 

evidence offered on behalf of the olaintiff, and that on 
behalf of the defendants, is in hopeless conflict* There 
is no doubt a great deal of perjtixy was committed in this 
case. We cannot tell upon reading the record, which side 
is telling the truth, but under the law, we are not warranted 
in disturbing the judggient, unless we are of the opinion 
that the finding and judgment of the trial court is against 
the manifest weight of the evidence. The trial judge was 
in a Much better position to determine the truth of the 
testimony of the several witnesses than we are. He saw 
them upon the witness stand. We have only the printed page 
before ua, and since we are imable to say that his finding 
Is against the manifest weight of the evidence we are not 
warranted in disturbing the judgsnent^ 

Counsel for tiie defendant argue a number of proposi- 
tions of law as to what facts must appear before a broker 
is entitled to his commission. It would serve no useful pur- 
pose to discuss the authorities cited, because the law ie 
clear and well understood that before a broker ie an titled to 
a commission, the sale of the real estate must have been brou^t 
about by his efforts* He must have been the procuring cause. 
In the instant case, if the evidence offered on li*half of 
the plaintiff is to believed, we think, un^ier the law he 
was entitled to the commission. His evidence is to the effect 
that the defendants authorised him to list the property for 



o;^ 99oqraq SsA»mij oa 9Ti99 hlricm tk ialcf* ^ ,floi#0J88a*rt 

hsvS-ABira.»w ton «ts aw tWsX *ftt- t ?>fcm/ *a«f ^0ijxf *?rf* ^nilXflt «1 
©r?* 1g dtur^ erf* •flX:j>^o*»fc 0* nt>J*i«ocf ♦«*^»€f (bcm « ui 

toe 9%a tfn ijSscjffsJbiva f?rf;? to cfn^X^w ^astiaites -^id" .tsfliiii^jA bX 

-X»oq©«Cf lo "zs^asra 41 mi^Tt* tRshmt^h Bt^ loJ X»eatfcO 

"Tsiottf * 9tel«d T««>c?t;ji tans j9*o«1 *«it« o* 8» *»X *o maoit 

•X WAX »H4 »«t/3otKf «b«iri9 «»Xtiiorf*ira «rf* meitnifib o* asoq 

•r i5«Xtlir«i& Bi ««io«i:f « »«ot»d[ j-aff^j- iboo;^«Ts»hatf l£nw bam Y«eIo 

^liSiroTtf fi»«<f »v«rf J'ainn «*.«*«# Xfiin: »rft 1© t^lms 9(it ^aoittmitmtm m 

t© tladM no £i»T»t^G »cn»61v«» eife- r iaal sri* itl 

•if imi 9dt T«^ntf ,3Cirl/{* »i» el»«V9U»rf o;^ aX «X^fll*Xq •rf# 

ioe't'i'B »dt o* aX aoaNffiXiHI mlH <,JTois8Xi«moo erf* o:f l»9XtX#n» ««w 

to^ X*^9<iOT iri J&»«Xiorf*xi/5 hfajibn9l9b adt tudt 



•ale and to obtain a purohaaer for it for $136/f)0»00j 
that be listed the property and afterward* showed it to 
Rodman^ who later on purchased it for $24,500«00» In 
these ciroiuBstanoes, we think there is no rule of law 
that would warrant uo in disturbing the judgment* 

The judgment of the Municipal Court of Chicago 
Is aff iniied* 

AFFIRMED* 

TAYLOR, P.J. AND THOMSOM, J. GOHOUR» 



23 - 31139 



244 I.A. 6 31^ 



FIOPLE OF Tm: STATE OF ILLIHOIS, ) 

Defenc'ant in Error, 

ERROR TO 

▼o ) CRIMINAL COURT, 



COOK OOOHTYi 



ADAM BARTOSH, 

Plaintiff in Error. ) 



Opinion filed y^roh ?, 1937, 

UR. JUSTICE O'OOKKOR delivered the opinion of 
the court, 

Adam Bartoeh w&s indicted by the grand jiury in 
the Orlminal Court of Cook Oounty, The indictment consisted 
of three coxmte: The first charged the defendant with laroeiiy 
as bailee of $500* 00, the money of Mary Urbansi:!; the second 
count aharged that he had obtained #500,00 from Mary Urbanskl 
by means of a confidence game, and the third vag a larceny 
count. The state nolled the second and third counts and 
waived the felony in the first co\mt. The defendant entered 
a plea of not guilty, the cause was submitted to the court 
without a ^ury, and after hearing the court fo\and the defend- 
ant was guilty of "petit laroeny**, that the property was of 
the Talua of |14.00, a fine of |1*00 imposed, and the defend- 
ant sentenced to six months in the House of Correction, 

The evidence si'Ors that the complaining witness 
was iiary Rapenski; that she was twenty-three years old and 
single; that she met the def en >ant Adam Bar tosh in March, 
1924; that prior to the time she met him she had been employed 
in a restaurant washing/ dishes and later worked in a factory 
and had saved up |530«00 which she had deposited in a bank* 



esiir - «« 



C'r ^orm 






.YTJEJOO WOO 



^mOfSiAS, MAO A 



feaa ai-fltn>o btttit baM baoo»» »if» JbaJ^on 9tMa ■■; . :«oo 

#m/eo 9(ii Qt b9irt iaeUsa um9 »muiic -^ 'f ^-x&liina ion lo soX({ • 

to a** t*^9aoitq »rf* #Ac&i , "^cdotiil *i*««E" to jtltitg aaw ^lui 

•aascfiw 3iiiAi«XqHOO srf* ,t«rf* two 'a -ron^&iiy© ©rfr 

boa fcXc axiB«x ^oidt-x^asmt baw »< jli8iT»qeH x^Jil rnxm 

^ddxp-ii ai. dMOtraB. tuAA. iasi>a9lBb ^cit .tan aifa tKi!! {9X3018 

Jb8x«-f<ia'9 rr«>'^cf ^-^rf sf^s mirt #•« sda »ai* 9ff* 0* TOlxq *J8rf* j*S8X 

-fKOto xBtml.baa Mndnlb ^aldmim tK»rujstB9r » aX 

•9lii3(f A aX bntimoqsb bstt 94» doi^iw OO.OCdll qu b9vs» bBd baa 



-8- 

The defendant was about twenty-nine years old, and witnesses 
for the people testified that he kept coapany with the oob- 
plaining witness; that shortly thereafter he proxi^osed marriage 
to her and was accepted; that he learned that the prosecuting 
witness had the money in the feank and stated that they would 
be married and ouy a hone and for this purpose he wanted 
to get the money from the complaining witness. She testified 
through an interpreter that she gave him the money so that 
he would help pay for a home for them where they oould liwe 
after they were married* The evidence further shows that 
shortly thereafter the complaining witness learned that the 
defendant was a married man and demanded her money hack, but 
was unable to obtain any part of it« 

me defendant admitted that he got the money from 
the complaining ritn^ss, having gone to the bank with her 
for that purpose, but denied that he had proposed marriage 
or that anything was said between them on that si^bject, but 
on the contrary, he testified that he told the complaining 
witness he Wanted to buy a half interest in a soft drink 
parlor; that she loaned the money for that purpose; that 
he bou^t a half interest in the soft drink parlor for 
♦900«00, giving the money, the |530,00 which he had obtained 
from the complaining witness, in paft payment and that he 
paid the balanoe out of his own money; that upon purchasing 
his interest in thp soft drink parlor, he proceeded to assist 
his partner in the operation of it, out a few weeks thereafter 
the place was closed by the city officials on the ground that 
his partner had violated the prohibition law by selling 
whiskey. The defendant further testified that when be borrowed 



"floo srid^ rftiw x^Jiqaoo *q»^ art ?«*^^ &«ii'Jlja«* slqoaq drf# xo\ 
Sflliti/ssao^q «(1* &ndt bBnta^I 9ci iBiU ;lj»*q900« ««w fcas TCJrf o# 

^a-df oe ysaosB 9 At »ifl 97% *ds iadi r9i9Tqx9tnz rue rij^woTri* 

•Til bSjiOO x^ri* 9T9rf»r fflsd* to^ aaofj « itel x*<l (xi«rf blaot »rf 

*«rf* airortB tied^TU^ "soHSfciva 9ffT *l»»i«T«fls anww 't*Jt** rt»#l» 

tud <3ir«sd x®i"« li?-' ij^^rrr-*!:; Las Asa JbsiitA» a ««» *aafcn©l8fe 
^^aix'xsffi b»,a©<?ctq fcfitl 9i1 ;t.srf,t J&«l£j3i , - '-^oqtwq ^«if* lOl 

rtol «oIi«flf -iatrb Jioe ^ds^ ... .i „j^.... ii&d « i-i^i/^ocf sd 

iMMtia^do ijjBri »d rioid* 00,Offd^ «riJ ^\naQm &ri* Bfiivia ,00»006| 

ad *«d* bff» (Tfl&ffl^Al ttjBq iii ^aadaJlw afilnl«I<paoo trff actl 

j|«X8«xi&<xu<| neqx/ ^Ad;f ;x»xiCiSit i:w« tid lo i^« 8«a.si4Kl »d# Jbi«q 

^•i68« 9t fee^&^ootq «»d «TeXiE«q inlxb ^toa iid^ ai #89n»tf^jii aid 

t»*ls«-t«»d* a:i9av w»t a iaa ,J4 lo nc2*«raq« 9d» at x^aiimii a^d 

*«dif fcfivoii::« ».1t HO ai«loli:to Y*i» 9dt ^ b*9^S^ a«w »9«i(| 8d# 

'^iLt%9 \6 wsl aeXit^taoxq 9^ b»t»iQiv h&A r'^at-xttq a^d 

ka^0T50<J ad aadw tsdt b»J:tlii*t x^Atxsn ^ttfenalab a«ff ."islairiw 



-3- 

the Boney from the complaining witness it waa to be repaid 
by him in six months; that when the soft drink parlor was 
cloaed by the city officials, he lost the |90C>00 which he had 
invested and that later he saw the complaining witness and told 
her of this fact and stated that he would pay her in install- 
ments, but that she refused to accept her money in installments 
and that he has paid her nothing. He further testified that 
when he first met the complaininp; witness he was married, but 
was not living with his wife, and that at the time of the 
trial his wife had obtained a divorce from bim. There were 
witnesses who testified in behalf of the defendant tending 
to corroborate his version of the matter. The testimony of 
the complaining witness was also corroborated by other witnesses, 
At the conclusion of the case the court fovmd the defendant 
guilty and sentenced him as above stated% 

We regret that under the law, we are compelled 
to reverse the judgaent because of a fatal variance between 
the indictment and the evidence, fhe indictment charges 
that the defendant obtained the money of Mary Urbanski, 
iriaile the evidence shows that the complaining witness was 
Mary topenski. This is fatal. People v, Novotny, 305 111, 
549, In that case the court said (p«556) "The person whose 
money was charged to have been obtained was Rapan Manian, 
but the evidence showed his name to be Mananianian, In 
indictments for offenses against the persons or propprty of 
individuals the Christian and surnames of the parties injured 
must be stated if i^nown, and the name stated must be either 
the real name of the party injured or that by which he is 
usually known; ( Aldrioh v . People. 235 111. 610; Sykes v. 
People. 133 id« 33; Willis v . People, 1 Scam, 599;) and it is 



«f?ff Tzltnq inix6 *l08 sdi csflw tadJ j«ri*aoia xls i^i aid xtf 

:.ai:»IqKOo -sif* ««8 ad i»i«I *^* ^oa l>*J««Tfll 

«^0*»Bli«*sal fli \»aot^ TSri Jqsoo^ o# b8ai«t«>i 9dts ^md* tad ^mta^m 

■galba^t #cj8&fl»'i®Jb siS.t lo TiAdscf «l fcdilltes* or w esaasfliiir 

Ic xflo«^*«*** '1^ ♦a»J#fitt 9i^:t to ffciax'jv sxr: •#«rto<f07roo oi 

»«3a«9i2^iw aadiJ-o yd t}«»#£iOifoi':coo oi»i£ 8<sii eeaatiw ;gX{ifli:«iq«oo sdt 

tnabtitiliob odJ* Jbajjo'x ^auoc dn^ ea^o s£i;f lo aoxsxrlGiioo 3d# #A 

^J^;^iK$-8 dtwcfjis sA aid it»omHttt9u bos xtlUrig 

,/>iMa'-f3r to •■tsac':. ■ -^i 9di tadi 

SAW eei?'a;ti-^^ ;^ffinx»IaKoo sd^r ,Mr".: 90!ts&iva Ad^ 9XlAr 

*XXI 906 . Yg#ovo» .V ■yX^oB'^ .Xe^al » , ;t»« 

•««i1w uorrsq.sdT" (&83.<?) l>ijBB tiu t nl *CI^ 

«IUiiAi{hJ nsqAJ^ »«ir l)9fii«^ere ja9»cf ftT«d o^ bastedo tunr "^ftfiOBi 

bSTitrtai BaitTBq od:f ^o wfliawsfltiie baa nj»i*(BXrrdO 9d* «X«afiiTiJ!)«l 

xsri*X» ad JaiTfiB bsifati »»«n sdJ^ , ?o/t 1i b9*A;tR »d taiia 

• i «d doldw X<' **'!* ^o bixuiai iJ-isq 9d* lo sasa 'Xi3««T »ri* 

.T 8s:fY8 jOXa .:il ass .gXgotS >▼ dsItfcJA ) \nvoni ^Il»u9u 

• X *x bna {;e*55 .maoa X ^ajqca^ ^y aXXXXtK jSS ♦,bl SSX ^^aXgoa*! 



•eeential that the name of the party injured should be proved 
»• laii. There Is no conflict of authority on this point, 
Davis ▼ > people . 19 111* 74; Penrod ▼ » People. 89 id* 150; 
MoGary v » People, 45 M«T»153, ) The People's answer to thi» 
objection is, that when the evidence was introduced at the 
trial the plaintiff in error did not object to it anfS did 
not point out any variance. The same question arose in 
People V . Smith. 258 111. 502, and it was held that the 
case presented nAt a question of variance but of failure 
of proof; that the indictment charged a. crime against a 
certain person and the proof failed to show it, but did show 
the crime, if any, was against another person. While the 
offense of obtaining money by means of the confidences game 
is pimished as a public crime, the particular offense charged 
is always the obtaining of the property of some individual, 
whose name therefore becomes material to the description of 
the offftnae as stated in the oases cited. Being a material 
averment it is necessary to be proved, and a failure to prove 
It is not a mere variance but a fatal lack of evidence to prove 
the crime charged. There is here ao question of idem sonanst* 
In the instant case there was no point made on the trial that 
the proof varied from the indictment, but under the doctrine 
announced in the Hovotny case , the judgment cannot stand, Mary 
Rapenski, the complaining witness, from whom the defendant 
fraudulently obtained the money, ii not the same as Mary 
Urbanski as alleged in the indictment. Nor is Urbanski and 
Rapenski idea sonans, 

we are unable to understand why the count i« the 
indictment, charging that the defendant had obtained money 
by means of the confidence game was nolled; nor why the 



,falQq Btdt an xtlrod&ua 1« toiXtfioo oa el snaiff ,blAl as 

iOfil .1)1 68 .g-Ccroa'l " ^— --^gj ifrV *IiI eX .9Xao»^ -X-illsa 

•W* ot itovaaa 8»slcjc... . ^ (.581.1.1 3* .8lqo»«? « ▼ ttcOoM 

bib 5ut* is of tv^liio ion bib to'ttn aX tit^faislq mU'lsltt 

al fteoia aeliB^ui-^ ?st?2 «HT .sochsIi^v ^m fuc taloq ton 

9rt* t»di fcltrf fei ~ ^803 .Xfl Oas .dififflv^ , y algoa'l 

•liirXis* ^o ttftf »ojaaiT«-!r l« aQliti»up » t#fl JbalasesTQ Wiao 

? ♦'Sffl'T.'?.* -^jBiTSi >» P'^tsffo tn»ffltoifciil 3d* i-aXlJ jloctq lo 

srff tfiffW ,nc tonfi tiBfliejjs ««w ^^fl* ^1 tSmaiTO 9tii 

^laufeivijfcui 9«e8 1« t*'i*^o*f? »«** "*© gainl^trfo sffj Bti^Xit al 

!• flol^qiToasI) €• ,ht»s^A6t a'^isocMf 970l»59rlt ssstafl aaodfir 

X«ia»^«id a s^al»G *b»iio a^aiio a/lt at b»isiu a a •aaitlo 94t 

•votc^i o* wt&Iidt 8 I»,Tti5 .fearoTq 94 di t^jwia^osn al ifi iam&rwwB 

"tfflmfffi «^l ^0 floi*««tfp Ofl e-i.ci *jx 9X9(n ,b9^rBtio asito od^ 

*iirfl £&txi •At BO abjstt i^w ^tsri* asso ^ajsi-enl arit i|l 

©niti^ooJb 6/f# lafcaa tyo ,,ta9C!3ox sotc^ haixsr looTq ad* 

,fcfl«*a ioaano t/i»«aii«(. ^V'^ t§g.gD, '^£»ig22M. *t^* ^^ fcaojouofiiia 

Tfi«M a« affCB erf* ton ti ,t«ncis »d* boai^^cfo xHnalubusxt 
.bojB IrfaoarfTU ai ^-^ .4 <..-,• 4., >, .,» „^* ;,f tagalJa «« Xi^asKSrU 

•msmA MM Jf3{anaq«fl 

adf* ci ^at/oQ ?fit t^ fexz«;ta*eabni/ o# aXcf«air »i£ aVr 

ari# \rfr ton {l>aXroi» a«« aaaig aasaJbitiroo srfjf to anAan x«f 



-5- 

f«lony fOM waiY«d, because the evidenoe is dear that tlUI 
defenvlrnt swindled the complAining witness out of her money 
and should be in the penitentiary and not in the House of 
Correction* Our Supreme Ctourt in the (»se of people t. 
Qallovlc^* 383 111. 360, defined oonfidenoe game to be any 
swindling operation in which advantage is taken of the oo»» 
fidenoe reposed by t^e viotin in the swindler* and the facts 
in Hxe instant case bring it clearly within that definiti{>n» 

For the error abore mentioned the judgjaent of the 
Orifflinal Courli of Oook County is reTersed and the oauss 
rsauidsd* 

RSTEESID AMD RSUAH0EID. 



THOMSOK, j.ooicima; 

TAYLOR, P,J« OISS^^NTS* 






9i »©«' 






*▼ l:i. 












40 - 31152 

PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF ILLIHOIS, ) 

Defendants in Error, ) 

) ERROR TO 

ir« ) ORIJIINAL COURT, 

) OOOK COUMTY* 

JOHH BYRUD MD MILTOS D, LIPSHUfE, ) 

Plaintiffs in Krror* ) 

Opinion filed March 3, 1937, 

IR. JUSTICE O'COHMOR delivered the opinion of 
the oourt. _•? 

The defendants and one Henry Schmidt were indicted 
by the grand ^ury of oook Oounty, charged with the crime of 
conspiracy to obtain flSOO.CX) of the money of the R^yal Drug 
Company, a corporation, by means of false pretenses and by 
neans of the confidence game, Schmidt pleaded guilty, Byrud 
and Lipshute entered a plea of not guilty, Syrud end Lipsehute 
were tried and the jury returned a verdict finding them guilty 
of conspiracy as charged in the indictment and fixed their 
punishment at imprisonment in the penitentiary and a fine of 
$1,000,00 each. The day after the veidi ct Schraidt was placed 
on probation. The oourt overruled defendants' motion for a 
new trial and sentenced them to one year in t^e penitentiary 
and ordered that the $1,000»00 fine imposed by the jury be 
worked out in the house of correction at the rate of |1«50 per 
day. 

It appears from the evidence that the defendants and 
Schmidt conspired together to make Bromo (Quinine pills in 
imitation of pills made by the Paris Medicine Company of St, 
Louis, Mo,, i*iich latter pills had been sold for a great many 






'/i^4^ 



; ^3f!iH^«i»i *a sa^Jiif SUA sHJits mox, 

to s.fr-'ro f'''i' ilii^r h^gisdsi ^■^im.r&i.. "fug £>^§^ *^* TO 

feif^^ ^X^lisiT^ lS:b&^lQ ibisi,-.:^!i *«©.% &oa?. ■'■ --'- "' ^nasffl 

j»#£rfl'osfi;iJ fa-8 bis-t-^ ,j^!lv7i d-OK la selq « t£-iB^n9 ^^tsuaqiJ. ban 

"X»q Ca*Iii! \o s.+£ic »iiJ #is iscit&e ,1,0 fcsitcoir 



X-sb 



:-\-hU'j:^ti9l.^:: --OCACu^..-^ 



air;? J Jbxiii si-- ,, > ^sitfOiI 



years and were considered by the public to hare medicinal 
merit* The scheme or conspiracy of the defendants and 
Schmidt was to palm off on the publio imitation pills for 
the geniilne vfaidh oot id be made and sold mudei cheaper than 
the pills of the Paris Medicine Company and it mLS their 
desire or intention t® wsikB pills that were of no value 
and to swindle the public. In carrying out their purpose 
l^e defendants and Schmidt had a die made^ lettered the same 
as the pills of the Paris Medicine Goi^pany were labeled* 
From another person they had certain engraving work doiae 
and from a third they had printing, labels and other uaatter 
made> all of i*iich was for the purpose of so labeling and 
packing their flraudulent pills as to make the public believe 
they were the genuine article. They then manufactured their 
fraudulent pills and sold several gross of them to the Royal 
Drug Oompany, a wholesale drug concern doing business in 
Chicago, for |1200*00« This was much cheaper than the 
genuine article could be purchased for* So that they might 
be able to sell their fruaxidlent pills and make it appear 
that they wei« apparently genuine, they went to Milwaukee, 
wrapped ttp a bundle of newspapers and had them shipped to 
Ohioago, and to show the Royal Drug Company that they had 
purchased the pills, they exhibited the bills of lading 
showing that they had been shipped to the defendants by ^e 

Uajestio Drug Company of Milwaukee* 

Sometime later the Paris Medicine Company, who 
made the gentxine pills learned tf the false product and 
employed the Burns Detective Agency to investigate the 
matter* This was done by the detective agency, whose 
employes worked in conjunction with the State's Attorney's 



te:rj«s> -xsilt© ir-n.^ aldrfsX ^scJitiTl^irq SBii YSflt hrldt a soil ^M 
Jbsj^ .■^klB4sSi OB lo »ao<?»/q «jl^ «ct e.<,^ ifeii^ lo £Ln ^Qtsa 

^eeiu^-wIiM <at tn^^ %9!it «,»eiirn«^, tf*;^*-*'^'?f'* «fr«y X«nl3' is4t 
JbAd x»&f ijadf x^-SQaeO ^J^^S X^oS sxfiT wed® a^ ^im «i^£oii9^ 

bijjs *©0l>oiq s«Isl 8if* 1« bf^nr:^-f.L alliq sciijfieg »ri3- sJbi^ 



office. Ifhen the defendants and Sdifflidt were oonfronted 
with the evidence, they made statement in -Bie State's Attorney's 
office before Assistant State's Attorneys, police officers, 
representatives of the detective agency and others, confessing 
their guilt* As stated, Schmidt pleaded guilty and testified 
for the state* neither of the defendants testified, nor was 
any evidence offered on their behalf. The jury were instructed 
and afterwards returned their verdict as ahsfve mentioned* 
The state offered some thirty odd exhibits such as the die, 
the engraving and printing of labels, etc, biit none of them 
are shown by the bill of exceptions* 

The defendants contend that the court erred in not 
permitting them to show that the statements or confessions 
Bade by them were obtained throu^ promises of ismiunity* 
The record discloses that when the witness Alle% a shorthand 
reporter, who had taken the confessions made by the defendants 
in -ttie State's Attorney's office, was testifying for the state, 
counsel for the defendants interposed an objection, and the 
court and counsel then went into chambers and counsel for 
the defendants told the court that one McKee, sho was an 
detective employed by the Bums Dettetive Agency in the 
matter had told the defendants that if they would tell all 
they knew in the matter, they would not be prosecuted, be- 
cause the onjy object was to prevent the further sale of the 
spurious pills, and that relying upon such promise of immunity 
the defendants made the confessions. The co\irt held that 
UcKee had no authority to promise such immunity and would 
not permit the defendants to go into that question, and they 

excepted to the ruling of the court. Allen did not testify 
but the state called Frank Q. Marshall, an attorney employed 



^i«««1:ffc© 49-r«f(*c has tcssss svi^os-tab a<# t© efe^i*«*«»a0^«pyt 
j!>«ill*fE»# &«s x*X*u^ baf»«sXq tBiJswfoS tJjsrTiSts 8 A «#Ii«3 TxedJ 

♦l>»i!ci#9$« ©veti« BJ8 #oifeT*v- 5:69^;? AajnTBteTt aet^wsaj^ia fees 

-^iific :<■ '-'-■-■'■'■ "■ ■■ '^'rf ^"- "■:^ -.-*< vo 9^^ 
bfi9;tooc 



')% "giii^xi: 



i- * .'w isr 



««* I«8fU80Q bctz a'i&<3Q.^.-D cj',: :>(Wo© ba& Sruoo 

as 6«« Offer ,©9.10^ »l; ati'BsJbfi&laJgt »iit 

ll» lis;? jhluGW -<ta;^ ' '■ ^ -^ - ' -^aahKa'tj^h srS* felo* fe«/! X9^#«b 

;f.iif* .!>I9jS[ ^iuoo ariT ,cnol«6»l-floc sd* ^bsirn statrcasldb edt 
■ a& tf:*las'reis-i riot/s salaoiq c»t ^*ii©dd'if« on bad 9«SoM 



-4- 

by the Parle Medicine Company, ibo had been aseistlng In 
investigating and preparing the evidence in the case* He 
testified, inter alia that he was present at the time the 
defendants confessed amd that there was no promise of is^ 
munity laade; that the assistant state ig attorney, who was 
in charge of the matter informed the defendants that they 
could make a statement or not as they chose, but tbat ifthey 
did make a statement it would be used against them* On 
cross-examination of this witness counsel for the defendant 
again sou^t to show that Mci:ee of the detective agency 
had promised the defendants that if they confessed there 
would be no prosecution, but the court upon objection refused 
to permit him to question the witness on this subject. Counsel 
for the defendant then asked the court to adjourn to chambers, 
but this was refused and the court shortly thereafter adjourned 
until the afternoon. When the court again was convened, the 
court and counsel for the defendants then stated that he wished 
to show by questions put to Marshall and to the Assistant 
State's Attorney, who had conducted the questioning of the 
defendants when they made their confession that M(^ee, the 
detective, who had <Aarge of the investigation of the matter 
for the Paris Uedioine Company^ had promised immtanity* to the 
defendants* Bie court again overruled counsel and afterwards 
there was considerable discussion between the court and counsel 
for the defendants, during which we think the court made 
remarks that were unwarranted and should not have been made. 
We are also of the opinion that the court erred in not pei^ 
mitting counsel for the defendant to show by cross-examiiyBition 
of the witnesses that MdEee had made promises of immunity, 
as stated, for the reasoa that McKee had been investigating the 



• iS* ©* Ktf^iaKftfsl l5S«*iiia<yT <C«''aqs!oO SijioilJdM »i«A«[ 9-diJ" ^ol 

^bjm tt-voc erf* inirfif a- ^S'tcsbflalei* ©riJ icol 

-<r?j<y tofl al b&rt9 trsK" ' rf* aalfltigo ^ri# xo ©nfa a^a aW 

<y*£iTJ.nafaK/! le sa«i«oieq 9bem baA aa&s sRsafefiw ai^ lo 



matter and gathered the evidence, and the defendants mig^t 
well have thou^t that MoKee was speaking with authority, 
and if tiiere were any douht of the guilt of the defendants, 
these errors world warrant a reversal of the ^udgnent. 
But from a consideration of all the evidenoe in the record, 
the guilt of the defendants is so clear that we think the 
verdict of the jury ought not to he disturbed. Of course, 
it is the law that if a confession is made with promise 
of immunity, it is inadaissihle. However, the witness 
Marshall for the state and the Assistant State's Attorney, 
to whom the confessions were made, both testified that there 
was no promise of iajmunity, but on the contrary, the def 0fid« 
ants were expressly advised that they need not make a state- 
ment, but that If they did, it would be used against thera» 
The confession made by the defendants were taken down in short* 
hand by a court reporter and transcribed, but they were not 
offered in evidence. But what took place at the time was 
testified to by witnesses and counsel for the defendants 
states that this was error, becaiise if the oonfedsions were 
inadmissible, it would be the written confession* This is 
obviously unsound* Any one could testify to wh&t was said 
and done at the time. 

The defendants further contend that the state 
should have been required to elect under which count of the 
indictment it would proceed, A motion of the defendants' 
to tbie effect was made at the close of Hie case and denied, 
and we think the ruling was entirely proper, because under 
the law, a count charging conspiracy to obtain money by 

false pretenses is properly joined with a count charging 
oonspiraoy to obtain the same money by means of the confidence 



ztaMyitn\ "■■■■•■ 'i© *tfi«>'^ ^|<s .9ii*li flf»|t^ t.i ifea^ 

;,*£Wi^fciit «'^* .i-i«~>fas « #isss'5«« i)-r^o« sttoiHc© ea^d* 

^di iuiii^ ^^ 4&M ^seaX® os -x sya^tiislsij odd' to tlX.f^ fM 
S7stjd* ^j=^rfu &5i>i*885^ xi&eci ,ft&«E «i[©« sisoisselflwso 9ffJ m&dm Qt 

i4m ttf^ t»o^s^tm at h9r.9l%c 

tJbaiceij fcas »ai?o »{*}■ le sec ■ >:>S!!g ©J5% : oj 

TSftim 9«««ca<5 ^TB-qotq ^I^iJKS asw '^jfjilvt sjf# iiit6S f*s bss 



I. People ▼ . ^rfleld. 26X Ill« 293, The state's case 
shows that both counts were l^sed on the same fact -p that 
the defendants had obtained #1200,00 from the Royal Drug 
Ck>mpany, 

A further point is made that the court erred in 
peimitting Schmidt, ftoo was jointly indicted with the two 
defendants to testify, because Sdimidt was permitted to 
sit in the court room during theprogress of the trial, al- 
thou^ a rule had been entered excluding all of the witnes©- 
es, and for the further reason that Schaidtis name was not 
^▼«n to the defendants as one who would be called by the 
people. We think the matter was entirely within the die«» 
or^ion of the court. While it would have been proper 
practice to have excluded Schmidt from the court room, yet 
it appears that counselfor the defendants isust have knowa 
that when Schmidt entered a plea of guilty, he would probably 
be called as a witness for the State, but they made no objeo* 
tion irtien they saw him sitting in the court room* We think 
the defeniants were not prejudiced by the action of the trial 
court. It is further contended that the court erred in not 
permitting counsel for the defendant to cross-examine Schmidt 
in ail endeavor to elicit from him the fact that he had been 
promised immunity* This witness testified on direct-exam ina^ 
tion that he had made a statement in the state's Attorney's 
office at the time the statements or confessions were made 
by the two defendants and after testifying at considerable 
length, both on direct and cross-exaaination, he testified 
on cross-examination he had never received ax^ promises of ia^- 
munlty or reward. He was then asked: *(i« Do yo^ expect to 



B*9i£tn nr^ »m^i tXfX X»S ^MMiM^ ;-? elgog'! .! 

,t •.•>!■ 8«if sa^c altfilis^f. ■ siltf to4 boo ^99 

"23':! esq a-'^e.-- , ' -loiitoso 

'fldSGCiq i.u!j©v; , ■■ ;..:.iloB aerf-;? tmit 

Iftltfy , 2^-t *ij« -^sffrr iisrfe aoi* 

a»9d i5jssil ad #jBr;* *ofil »{lt aid st^^ -* •'•' ■ '~ ■ r>* iovjs«fcn» n£ si 
Bb4m «isw saoisisicod rs© et ?fs;s» j ^ .. „ ,...;„ ,,_,^,- :;^,,. .,,, ^^jx-^-io 



go to the peaitentiary ia this caee?« This was objected 
to aad the ob^ectioa sustaiaed, the court statiag that 
it did not make any difference since the wttness had 
pleaded guilty. We think the court should have overruled 
the objection and permitted the iditness to answer, because 
the witness was a coafessed swindler and the defendants 
were entitled to bring out any fact tending to show that 
he expected not to bepunished as a reward for testifying 
for the state. However* in view of t&e fact that the 
guilt of the defendisnts appears beyond all reasonable 
doxibt* we think the error would not warrant us in disturb- 
lag the judgment* 

A ftirtber pol]||t is made that the court erred ia 
allowing exhibits to be taken by the jisry while they were 
considering their verdict. We have no means of tell lag 
whether the exhibits were taken by the jury. The record 
is sileat oa this subject* In the trial of criminal oases 
the ooaaon law rule applies, ?^ida permits the court in its 
discretion to allow the jury to take with them, upoa their 
retirement, such papers and documents introduced in evidence 
as ia his souad discretion he shall think proper, Oonn v* 
people. 172 111, 582-588; Oook v . People. 331 111. 9-15. 

In the Dunn case the court after referring to 
Sec, 8 of Division 13 of the Criminal Code, which provides 
that "All trials for criminal offenses shall be conducted 
according to the course of "Bie common law, except when the 
Criminal CJode poiats out a diflerent mode, and the rules of 
evidence of the conraon law shall also be binding upon all 
courts aad juries in criminal cases except as otherwise pro- 



bmd &B9n&^ii ant *o«i« aoca^ta'tti;^ Y^-s ^'^Aa *os liiJb j^i 

adi* &£dt tost ©^ ^0 waiv gi. .st#?NPw®H ^^sts^s sd* toI 
©«#-» xi»rf;t slir ' iil*c# jciwoXXjB 

i>d;^&if£»iwo aa i'Xi^iia aaaaall:© I,~aijilif-^ -crtt ;; r.^-i-i.j- ir^'" fMd^ 
XX* ttoffir saibaiti ^cT oaXs XX^ide vjjX xiOii«ffioo srf* to eossfcive 



▼Ided by law*" said (p,588) "Mothing in the said division 
of the Criminal Code purports to direct wbat shall be taken 
by the jury from the bar of the court* The coaimoii law rule 
la criminal oases was, that the jury, when they retired to 
deliberate on their verdict, should talce with them such books 
and papers which had been produced in evidence as the judge 
presiding should direct." In the instant case, as stated, the 
record is silent as to whether the exhibits were aotxjally 
taken by the jury, but even if they were, no objection was 
made by ooxmsel for the defendants, but on the contrary 
what was done in this regard seei^ to have met with his 
approval,, and he is in no position to now raise the point 
for the first time. Moreover, we think it was entirely 
proper to permit the exhibits to be taken by the jury. They 
were labels, dies, printing matter, etc, and it was proper 
that the jury should consider them in arriving at their 
verdicti In this connection, however, the defendant argues 
that the exhibits we* not read to the jury during the progress 
of the trial and that the law requires all evidence to be 
presented In open court* Ir support of their contention, the 
case of People v » tflark 5 01 111, 438 i® cited. In that case 
there appears to have been grave doubt in the court *8 mind 
as to the guilt of Clark, Moreover, the exhibits theie intro- 
duced in evidence and i^it^ were taken to the jury room were 
now shown to the jury as counsel for the defendant insisted 
he had a right to do, nor was counsel -Uiere permitted to 
exhibit them to the j\ary. 

In the instant case the guilt of the defendants 
Is clear, fio objection was made on the trial that the 
exhibits had not been read or shown to the jury. Bo complaint 



imim »«f itMB t«iiw #©»^M ©t iifieqiJB^ sfeee ImsimirO 9ili to 

stuT. w»i iiotaft-r . !*€? srfi moil x^isl Siii x6 

o# bsir^9'[ x'S'^ «ailff ^t^at *^* ^*'^' < .30/^ Isaiciio jri 

•iff <{^iw .tass -av^rf oi SS9S8 Mjsgf?ic sxrf* iii; n^iob &Bii tadiw 
taxeg 9£f# &Bi&v: :^ttBtQc[ on si ei arf feaa , t XsTOiqq* 

•flWL^iA ts^la^lsh ^4i tSaTawctfl ,aoxij&9na©o Hint al .j-oUb^ftv 
aassgosq sitJ- ^axxtsb txtft s^i^ o^ Ij^a'i ^ca ire* «^idii(xa ad* ^.sji* 

©ajso ^srf# nl *i>»*io »;i SSi^ #115 105 :i.r»S^^ > t alcrog ^ Ic »Bfio 

-oitfli axed* al-idlrfxgf «n';t ^'isvqstoM ^nft^IO lo ^ii«l a^fJ o* a* 
iws'^ ftooT xTfji 3Sj c# ns.>' -.^ y-x-v . . -ai^ttf9 ai i^doitb 



was made that the defendants were not pewaitted by their 
ooimsel to exhibit them to the jury, but the record dis** 
closes that the exhibits were considered by oounsel for 
the defendants^ and no suggestion was laade to the contrary 
until the brief was filed on behalf of the defendants in 
this co\irt» We are clearly of the opinion that the Clark 
case is not in point and 'Bicre was no error prejudicial to 
the defendants of whi<^ they can ooaplain* 

A further complaint is made to the giving of 
peoples* instruction Ho, 5 and the refusing of defendants 
instruction No. 4» The instructions are not nuabered in 
the abstract or in the record and if they arc counted it will 
be found that the argument of the defendants does not fit 
the numbers of the instruction designated by their counsel* 
Moreover, the defendants point out no specific objeob ion 
to the given instruction complained of. But, even if we 
take counsel's contentions as stated in their brief and 
apply thea to the instruction that he appears to have in 
mind^ we think there is no merit in them> nor do we think 
there is any merit in the contention of counsel fox the 
defendants to the effect that the argument of one of the 
Assistant State (a Attorneys was improper. A reading of 
ths entire argue nt, which is in the record, leaves no doubt 
in our minds that it is free from prejudicial error* 

The further point is made that the court erred in 
not striking the bill of particulars filed by the people 
from the files and in not granting the defendants a continuance. 
In support of the contention that the bill of particulars 






*i1; *».'? sai 









.: tie s>ff* 






-10- 

should have been 8tri<dcen» oounsel ssy that l^c record 
discloses that the bill of particulars should have been 
filed on May 18, 1925, but that it was not filed until 
June 11, 1925, and therefore, not being in aocord9.nce 
with the order of court, it should have been stricken, 
and for the further resson that, it did not aoqtiaint 
the defendants with the ohsjges which they would have to aeet» 
Upon a careful consideration of -foe record there can be no 
doubt that the defendants were fully aware of the charge 
that was to be made against them and the evidence that 
would be adduced, in support thereof. They had s&de state- 
ments or confessions and they knew that Schmidt, their 
co-coaspirator, had done likewise and heard #iat he had 
confessed, all of the confessions having been made at 
the same time and before the same parties « It clear ly 
appears that they were in no way prejudicied on account 
of the late filing of the bill of particulars or on account 
of any of its insufficiencies. Nor was there any error in 
ths ruling of the court denying ^e defendants a continuance. 
This contention is based on the fact that the bill of particulars 
was not filed at the time it was ordered that it be done 
and coxmsel for the defendants say that they were not pr*» 
pared for trial on account of the delay in filing it; that 
it was not filed \jntil a few days before the &iae was 
ordered to trial, and that this is shown by the affidavits 
filed by the defendants in support of their motion for a new 
trial. The record discloses that on the motion fer a new 
trial, the defendants were represwnted by counsel other than 
those who appeared for them on the trial, and ea<A of the defend- 
ants made an affidavit in support of a new trial both of them 
being substantially the sane* The affidavits set up that 



-ox- 

i»«d' &VSC. >nii'oM& ieE««Ii«3i<fi«q to Xlirf 9dt .tisdt e&eoisaiJb 

rrfrrr-.frnriS! .tob &ll5^i"^>Sllf# flOS -^-^ ■SS'dJtlirt ^- :>as 

tAdt S^BBbt ■*« d^ OS 81SW *«i(# 

■tisf^ ^iblmdoB *£!tt wsjs:3i f ftEfJ?" = '^^ s^' ias&'txroo 10 «tiS«HB 

fll tots© \n «S9JC9£C9X0 %ll£,^0 

6ac/> »cf .ti ;^^•ii* x,^v.? , ' Vf. ^oa saw 

-^•iq ton ©^9)9 Y^rf* ' ■'- ai'iiJ£i.-u:,rai.; •3ild' ^ol Xsesixtroo itti« 

its/I* ;:t-i ^jitilil: rtl -i^!?.! ^ij 'id^ le tmrooo* s® isiti*' TEOt h9'xms[ 

9s^ »a.so «tri* stio^M ei«l3 ^st a ix^mr i^»iil tea asm ii 

aadt xedto Xasa.yoo vcf Jj^Mgas^rgst s^ow «s?fliBib£[9taf) srit ^X^ii* 
^&di qss ,tsa «#iv«i>itts »t-^ ite-^P f^tir ifXXj6X*««fe^tf«» Ssivcr 



-11- 

they relied upon their counsel, who aiSriaed them that the 
oourt had entered a rule upon the state to file & feill 
of perticul&n and that it i»a« not filed until long after 
the time had expired; that it was not filed until about 
June 13, 1935, and ^en this vae learned the defendants 
were adrieed by their counsel that it wovild be unnecessary 
to be ready for trial on Jvtne ISth when the oase was set 
for trial; that relying upon their counsel in this regard, 
they did not prepare for trial and were not prepared when the 
case, ower their objeetion, went to trial on Jvine 15th; 
that at the time they were arrested in April, 1^5, an 
Assistant State's Attorney, s. representatlTe of the Fajris 
Medicine Oomi^ny, an attorney for the Burns Bstective 
Agency and a police officer oa^e te the defsn^nt Byrud*s 
place of business and informed hia -Qiat tkey wanted hla at 
the state's Attorney's office; that he went with them 
and was kept thereu]^til 8:00 F.M« on the aasie day nn6. was 
Bot allowed to eominunicatd with counsel or any oae else; 
that he was questioned relative to his knowledge of the 
commission of the crime in question; that he was told by 
the Assistant State's Attorney that if he woiild tell all that 
he knew no harm would come to him; that he was also told 
the sane thing by the other parties who had him in ouetody; 
that he refused to and did not ttdnit hie guilt of any crime; 
that thereupon the Assistant State's AttomeJ ordered the 
defendants taken to the police station^ **iiob was done and 
they w«r« held wittiout booking or warrant; that they were 
not permitted to talk or cOMnunloate with any person; that 
tbey were then taken in a patrol wagon and held until ten 
O'clock the next day without food or drink; that they th®a 
obtained a release on bond and retvorned to ^eir places 



■'■■■■^tBiaiii bail *tmoo 

f^: .V- ns5.»^ taci' -r^v;- i.v ;^;x^;f -fOl t^«^« «^ ©* 

^^t«r '■' •'fsfc© 3:JE»iS[* flOQji 'gjai^Isi t'^^t ;JtBiT# «tfi 

^■.>fJ* ;^-..v.;:^.. --- ■ B«^ .Xet^# not *t««s«'«g ^«« I>ll> t»rft 

; -3nc; v r;. re l^&awsr, .issifi^w»<x> ot .dstmXIii fOB 

ftXoi- ©8X« «a!» »d ;f«iS? ■ . - :-rzi»5f off tra^^f »i^ 

jTfhsifajBt} at . •; oxSfw ssUTtJKf ica^o »js* .. c- ::.!•:•/./,<# eisfis ■adt 

\9mX%9 x&M lo #iij^ aid ila^fy #oi! &li> .(3i&:<i e^ t^vxfldx 9q' ^jb^ 

«4^ bn^tsbiQ 3t«aio^:tA e»e*^s *a«*si^ ioqirs'saj!* taM 

3'i»« t*^* *s/l* j^asiriEj^w 5^0 3«l5[oo<i ^iio*is^i« S*l^ii a«©w t^^* 

f!04- iiii'js bl^i ta» sse^sm Icttmi a at a»i»t a»d^ bt&v x^tH 

£»£i# xBsii #«^ i^lxb rif b&isti #«©rfiH« x^^ /oolo»6 

s?so«Xq Tt»^ Gt b»R^Jto% bea hamS ae 6&jbsi^'s js i:efiijRt<fo 



-12- 

of business; that about three oiclook in the afternoon of the 
eftae day the Assistant State* a Attorney and other parties 
8 ad a detective from the Bums Detective Agency a^in 
went to the defendsnt Byrud's place of business; that Ifce 
detective learned that the defendant Byrud belonged to the 
Maaoaie Order and told Byrud th&t if he wovild tell all tfce 
truth about ^at had taken place^ no harn would coaie to 
him and he would not be prosecuted; that thereupon Byrud 
stated that if they woul d do the saaie for the defendant 
LipBhute, he would make a full statement of all lie knew 
in regard to the matter; that tbe detective then stated that 
both the defendants wouild be given imfflunity and would not be 
prosecuted; that afterwards they met the detective as per 
appointffient at six o'clock in the afternoon then they had 
their first meal in two days; that the defendants then went 
to the offices of the detective agency and talked over the 
Better, and that defendants told McKee, the detective, 
frankly and without reservation all that they knew of said 
opiiuse, and that aftesrtards in accordance with the agreeaent 
with MoKee, on the next ffiorning, they went to the state's 
Attorney's office and then repeated their stories there, which 
was taken down by a stenographer; that this was Saturday 
and that the Assistant State's Attorney told tbem to return 
Monday aad si^ the statements made by them; that they did 
return on Monday but refused to sign Idie statements because 
they did not contain any promises of i^amxjnity, and thereupon 
the Assistant State's Attorney told thea that he did not care 
whether ttiey signed them or not and they then left* the 
affidavits further set up that they were willing upon tho 
trial to relate all the facts contained in the affidavits 
and sou^t to do so through their counsel, but that the court 



^sr- 



8»i*?.«i| 5»iJ#S^ £^iir-?5 \"»«xe-^iA s's^s^S ;^iij«S'isia«A srf# -■««£• «»«« 
s.lM'^JSi ^a^A fevi^sietaie irfjicag «.*?«■ teortt ff9i;l^«t«B « foes 

**;ii Y«^* £isi^ iiecat"?^ ' •. - v ^triaatJaioq^^! 

feiljBa t© -^aci -^^dt iBfif ■■is^%^&9% isKiMi^ ba& ^lafasxt 

fixc/^er o^ iSf»xf!^ feXot t»fiK:ft-„^fA ?!«®tft#a t!i»t»±&9A sat* *j8d^ Jojui 

l)lJfe t-''"'^ ^J^'*^ i/i?'?>a? T£iS s*l)fi.i? a^fi»es;t«^s hdf aglt^ baa i&lbaoft 

eatf«o&ef a#sJi»iss#«*s odf ft^ia o.t. ijaswl^f -t^cf T^s^fcaQM tui atatax 

sfjy s^tal a^il^ \'9rf# l»^ *o.n lo iB^jfCt k9>e^la n^^si^ X9ii^»dv 
QtH i««q*f ^aULl-9f ^%9V x»^ $»dt qsit #Sf xstiSfxuJ. Btlrablt^Jt 



-13- 

ruled that aaythlng that traasplred betweeR then and McKee 

vft« laiBRterial. ^ts le rather a norel way of seourlBg a new 

trllLL* Ibe defendants were present la open oooxt and should 

have then testified or at leaat an offer should have been 

made by their counsel aa to wh^^t they would testify to s^nd 

not wait until they were convicted ani then set up by way of 

affidarits the facts that they should have testified to on the 

trial* Moreover^ we are ole&rly of the opinion that these 

affidavits^ as well as the evidence in the record, aho^s 

the guilt of the two defendants beyond all reasonable tioubt. 

There is no denial of their guilt in these affidavits, but 

on the contrary, they admit their guilt* l^ere are a nuBber 

of errors in the record and i3©uld wer^mt a reversal of a jud^ 

ac»t in a criaii^ ease imder »any eircumstances, but we are 

^ought 
Of the opinion that thatA r? not to be t*ie resalt here where 

tiiere can be no doubt of -^e guilt of the dcfendantB* people _ 

V* Halpia> 276 111. 36S; F^igle v . Stover. 317 Ill« 191; 

people v« Thoffipgon. 331 111. 5S4; people v. Kesnlei>324 111, 

304. 

Althou^ the point is not made, we are ctMspelled to 
reverse the judgment aarJ remand the c^use so that a proper 
judgment may be entered on the verdict. By verdict the de- 
fendants were fovtnd guilty and t^eir punish«ant fixed by 
the jury at Imprisonment in the penitentiary and a fine of 
tl,000«00« Th® sentence should have been an indeterminate 
one in the penitentiary and not fixed at one year as was done. 
People V. Graves. 504 111. 30; People v, Lloyd. S04 HI. 23, 
lor was the court warranted in adjudging that the fine of 
tl,0O0«00, imposed by the jury on eac^ of the defendants 
should be worked out ia the House of Oorrection. There is no 



'*€£" 



i,,,=. ., :...,:iv 'gss^l t^-wiw ©^ 8-» XftBflwios) aj:«4t x<i' sJbAB 

-■ ■ - .7 Bi sx©qttr», ;5fce 

^-cs .i^i^E£ .^^Jiias^ i^^ *i-i:i ^^^ .*IL^SLIM *' 



-14- 

irarrant in the law for such a jixdgment where the defend- 
ants are found guilty of conspiracy under Sec* 46 of the 
Criminal Cods, and the penalty fixed at imprisonment in 
the penitentiary and a fine imposed^ as was the fact in 
the instant case. 

Tot the error in. not entering the proper judgment 
on the verdict, the judgment will be reversed and the cause 
remanded to the Original Court of Cook County with directions 
to the court to enter a proper Judgment sentencing the de- 
fendants on the verdict* This is t4>e proper procedure* 
People v. Boer> 2^ 111. 152; Wallace v. People. 159 111, 
446; People v * Coleni8a» 251 111, 497, 

RSnniRSED AMD RSMASDED WITH DIREOTIOHS, 
TAYLOR, F4J» AHD TKOMSOI,, J. OOHaTR, 



- ^'mtcxisd sail ^ bus t'f^itjswsJIa^ "ail# 



70 - 31194 

CARL LARSON^ 

Defendant in Error, ) 

ERROR TO 

MUNICIPAL COURT 
E. KAHN ft OOM?ANT« a oorp,, ) Of GHZQAGO« 

Plaintiff m Error* ) 



1 



) 



▼« 



OpiaioB filed Uareh S, 1837, 

2 44 I.:/ 

MR. JUSTICE O'CONNOR dellTered the opinion of 



•oh 3, 1037. ^ 

4:4 I. L 631 



the court. 



By this writ of error the defendant deeks to 
reverse a judgment entered against it on Maroh 7, 1924^ 
for t625«00« 

nie reoord discloses that on January 29, 1924, 
plaintiff filed his statement of claim alleging that the 
defendant owed him ^eSS^OO for potatoes sold and delivered* 
The suit was returnable Febrviary 5th and on that date the 
defend«nt'8 appearance was entered by its counsel as "E, Kahn 
A Co«, a oorp, herein sued as £. Kahn * Co*" The defendant 
was named in the praecipe and statement of claim and sxiqlmons 
as *E. Kahn & Company," Op the 5th of February an order 
was entered giving the defendant ten days within which to 
fils its affidavit of merits. On February 19th no affidavit 
of merits having been filed, the defendant was defaulted 
and judgment entered for 0625.00. This was vacated and set 
aside on February 23rd, by stipulation of the parties, and 
the defendant given ten cte-ys within Which to file an affidafilt 
of merits. The defendynt failed to file any affidavit of merit* 



or mmaL { 

THJOO JAHtlOISUM ( 



JL €s' 









r*^UC© til* 



,*sei 4? ffoTrtM ntfi ii i'-fei7i6^ijt &«t^iJ«o ^ftSM^Jbwt; « »aT«>y©T 

»00«3S8| TOl 

«.*S6I ,8S yiJBiJftsl, (TO i»iii aseoloaifc fciooai sxIT 
*!)»T«sviIaf:' feff« bloei B»oiBi&q tc'i OO^SSS^ alrf f>«wo tasha9\9b 

#itAJbfl9lr»fc »dT "^oO % sdAX «I SJS I>su8 nistdd .(poo « «*oO % 

maai^a ba» nimlo to ^ae<m^r^a bas oqrioa^Tq 91U ai bttssAa saw 

ir«JbTO n* vxaxrtcfft'i to rf*a art;? ^0 '♦,x««<IbtoO A «fl«sl ,3" •« 

tiTsfelltR oij rftei ^TJKiJTtfs'S ffO ^a^itsm to tt-r»blttsi atl ttlit 

besMirstsl) e«w faBba^'tBb 9ri* jfc^Iil n«»d gaivjurf Btitsa to 

#90 fca« tv9#jiP«r 8.)»w BiffT ,00»8S8S "to?, ^^a»d•/^9 tmm^ul bam 



and on March 7th it was again defaulted and judgment entered 
against It for ^625.00. 0^ May 2nd by stipulation of the 
parties, the default and judgment of March 7th was vacated 
and set aside and the defendant was given leave to file its 
affidavit of merits within ten days from April SOth, On 
May 14th the defendant having again failed to file its affi- 
davit of merits, a default judgment was entered against it for 
a third time for $625#00* On June 13th, the record discloses, 
that an order was entered setting aside and vacating the 
default jud^ent of ^y 14th and also setting aside the 
order of May 12th nfcidi vacated the default and judgment 
of March 7th, and it was further ordered that the defendant 
be given ten days within which to file a petition to vacate 
the default and judgment of March 7, 1924, Afterwards on 
November 7, 1934, on motion of the defendant. It was ordered 
that the defeniant be given leave to lirithdraw its petition 
to vacate the judgment of Mardh 7th and leave was givefi 
the defeniant to file and amended petition within five 
days. On December 36th, following, an order was entered 
reciting that the matter oome on for hearing o]^ the defendf* 
ant's petition to vacate the default and judgment, and that 
the court found against the defendant and dismissed its 
petition, from which order the defendant prayed an appeal 
to this court, which was allowra upon defendants filing its 
bond in the sum of $1200,00 within twenty days and bill of 
exceptions within thirty days. On January 15, 1925 the de- 
fendant moved the court for leave to file another petition to 
vacate the jud^ent* The motion was denied and an appeal 
prayed and allowed to this court upon the defendant filing a 
bond of #250«00 within twenty days and bill of exceptions within 
thirty d-ys, and on that date the defendant filed its appeal 



b»is*09 Smmihui fonJf. b»ilsjB\fib attigB •«» ♦! fC*T doTsM no baa 

Jbs^jaoBY esw rij? rfoa«u le #xf*K7Sfcct fe«* tXisstmS) erf* »«si*ia<5 

»#1 oin 0^ dvsBi nevi.y sa'w *fle£i«9lsJ) arts' ba^ Bbl»» t99 bn& 

jxQ ,rf#OS llxqA Ecn^ aY-s^ ^«»* fllrfiM* 8;+lt»a to *JtvjBfeill« 

^aseoXosife jbToo^^ »rf* ^tit^l ami a© ^00*SSa$ t©1 •ai* Mid* a 

JasBsgfiiirt baB iluBt^b erf* l>8Jf3o6V ffolfftr ri^'SJ x-»«^ ^o "XsIjto 

«#«OJSV o* iJf>i;^l*»cf B sill o;^ ifolrfv i?ia'ifiw ttab Oat flftTig «tf 

fefrtsJi-ro 3*9r ii ,?nab/to"J(5f) adt 1© a^-ifom ao ,*8«X ,? lacfBevoK 

jiOvi^B B«w »YB»X tm« rf:^'? f£)«JBM lo ia^^buj^ &fli 9tso»r ot 

«ri)«3l:9fc ©dJ 4(0 anit««rf tot no 9ffloo taJ^sa 9rf# Jjsdt gfli^losi 

*jid^ Lga «*c9as£>«t fe««* JXujsisi) «td,t q^jjo-^v g^t 0Oi*l/»q •»#fl« 

e*X *»efXj38ii) box ^asinalc; , ,js fcaiioTt #"Xiioo 9dS 

Bti gfliXit a#aHbn<»*»J& iioq/ ; Xfiw «#i:yoo eidt o* 

Tto XXXd btiA 9X0b jia9^ aiA&ttf 00»00KI5 lo emB sAi ai Jbnctf 

»«fe »d* esex ,gX XT*un«l, no *«Ta& ipf rirU rtXrf^i^ ftixoi^qaoxs 

9f fsolil&»q, r9>dtoa» 9lX\ o* sv^sl -scl iTrri/©© 5iis Jfeftroia ttnHba9\ 

• T*lw «noi*cr9ox» lo Hid bae tt^Mb ^{ta^vt nitiSl^ 00»0&Si^ to bncd 
tsoqfia a#l bellJ. &a&r!aB'i9b sd* »#«!) #«d,t ao bn* ^a^-ls y#ilri* 



bond* which was approved by the court. 

Afterword* on Janua.r> 34, 1925, by stlpulatioiJl 
of the partiea the order approving the appeal bond of 
Janiiary 15th was vacated and set aside and the aopeal bond 
withdrawn, and it was further ordered that the order of 
December 36, 1924, above mentioned, be vacated and set 
aside and leave was then given to the defendant to file 
an amended petition to vacate the judgaent and the defend- 
ant was ruled to answer the same within ten days* On 
February 31, 1935, tiie court overiruled the defendant's 
motion to strike plaintiff's motion to strike the amended 
petition of ttie defendant^ and the defendant's amended 
petition was stricken for wsmt of jurisdiction. From 
this order defendant prayed and was allowed an appeal 
to the Supreme Court upon filing a bond within twenty 
days and bill of exceptions within ninety days. The 
appeal bond was filed and apparently this proceeding was 
dismissed by the Supreme Oourte Later the defendant sued 
out a writ of error from the Supreme Court and that court 
transferred the cause to this court. 

Fran the foregoing recitation of the facts 
as shown by the record, it is clear that the doiftndant 
has been trifling with the courts. Three judgments were 
rendered against it and later it filed three petitions to 
vaoate the judgment of Uarob 7, 1924, 

The defendant flr»t contends that the judgment is 
wrong and should be reversed because the judgment is a^inst 
E. Kahn « Co, "without E, Kahn & Co. having been a party to 
the suit is not a judgment against the defen ant E. Kahn & 



3li^ ©t *a6-:fl'9t9l' SfJ.t o:!- ns-irts Hs-i* a.sw avsel £>«« «bi:«« 

jb9f)fi»a!j» B«#ii«l5«»^«* «rjl# &«« ^#«.^a©tai) erf* 1:o aoitl^sq 

» sfo^bsis^t ^o tn«w xol: a»i:oiT:i'e saw ixoltlt&q 

JL»9qq& DM b':^-^oi'i& saw bsB Jbst-s^^ tii«fc.a9l9ib as < 

X:*n9W;t Hl'1;J'iA¥ ft/;. '!UCO SSHSTqtJa »f[f p? 

^- , vh "^^d/tin nidvin ««oi;*qoox3 lo rijtd hijj« BX&t 



-4- 

Company, a oorporatio©," T is argument discloses further 
trifling with the court. The suit was brou^t against E« 
Kahn & Ooatpany, and that company was served. Its appeal^ 
anoe was entered as E» Kahn & Go,, a oor'::>oration. There is 
no merit in the contention^ 

A further complaint is made that the court was 
without authority on June 13th to vacate the order of Ma> 
2, 1924, which vacated the default and judgment of March 
7, 1924, because it is aaid the order of June 12th was 
■ore than thirty days after the entry of the order of May 
2nd, and that the Mimicipal Court is without authority to 
enter orders after the lapse of thirty days. It is true 
that the Municipal Court has no authority to vacate a judg- 
sent or final order after thirty days has elapsed, but that 
rule of law has no fipplioation becai^e the order of May 2nd 
was not a final orderj that order merely vacated the judg- 
ment and default and gave the defeni&nt leave to file an 
affidavit of merits. Such an ordfir is not a final order 
and may be vacated at any titae while the suit is pending* 
Moreover, the defendant is in no position to question the 
order of Tune 12th vf=i eating 1*ie order of May and, because 
the order of June 12th in addition to ttaoating the order 
entered May 2nd gave the defeniant leave to file its petition 
to vacate the defaidt and judgment of March 7th, s-nd the 
defendant afterwards treated this order to June 12th as 
valid and binding because it subsequently filed three 
different petitione seeking to vacate the default and jiulg- 
■ent of March 7th, Having thus taken the position that 
the order of June 12th was valid and binding, the defendant 
will not be pemitted to stultify itself and now claim that 



-*- 



tOiol&nstaoQ %^t ai tiTBm on 

^tm to TsfeTO arid- s^i-^sv oJ- f(#Si 9aisl, no xiitod^ua tuotlttw 

afiw rfJSi 80ai, to s^feio ;^a ei ;M saxrsosd ^^'SSI ^T 

vMU to tPitio 3£ft to \^im ;^i iVi- 13:^*5 a^sfo Y^-xirf* aadt stoos' 

^i JtuoO IjSiiioifRjrjiiS »ri* #JElri* bus ^fcjttS 

■aj/tJ ci il o'ijxzi: x^ttrif ^c &HqM£ ®rt* T»i^tjS rxsjJbTO lO^-fl® 

tBiSS ifuCT 4,i>«8q«X* «i»f( 8X** x*^if^^ iSifljB •x'tfsic Ij^sII: iq ta»tB 
MS X'ffi*^ ^o i&hxo e=Ji »au.so8d aGi*«»i:i§q4| on BBd w- ' "'" ^'Ict 

aa »li1 oi ^v&al iim nafaib »tif avjs^ feats tlust^t ba^ ^fl»« 

X^bto l»as.'^ '■;- .ton ex t ■l.-ro is.» rfowS .a^iiom ^o ttyatdtlB 

B£ «f*8X »siv% or ica£>io eii^J- .fa«*«dT# »fc'xawieJl« d-f^sfoflsltfe 

#iiAbflsldJb scii ftjfllljflltf &«« Jbiljsv ufl« dtBI »ffluX to liSJbio erf# 
#«ri* mijBlo won .ons IXas^i ^liJiuto o* ^^^JJU«:»q scf ;^o^ Iliw 



the oourt had no authority te emter that order* The 

def en ant by filing its three petiti^^ns to vacate the default 

and Judgment of Maroh 7th treated that judgment as being in 

full force and effect and it oannot nov? advance any contrary 

positions 

fhe judgment of the Municipal Oourt of Ohioago 
la affirmed* 

AFFIHM.KD. 



TAYLOR, P.J. AND O'CJOHHOR, J, 



vrKT.*non vnf: sor?i'vfe« foc *oa/iso tl beta ^©©I't* fcii« «orto^ llisJ^ 

*£>«iga:ill;s at 



,HO^TAT 



84 - 31210 

OLIVE UIITOl and DOLLIE F. LEITOH, ) 

) 
Plaintiffs in Error, ) 



▼. ) 



) ERROR TO 

) 

) MUNICIPAL COURT 
UNION STOCK YARD & TRA.MSIT OOMPAMY ) 
OF CHICAGO, a corporation, et al, ) OF CHICAGO^ 



ARMOUR MKOHAKICAL OOMPAST, 

Defendant in Error* ) 



1. U O A 

OPIBIOH filed larch 2, 1927< 



. 631 



MR. JUSTICE O'CONNOR delivered the opinion of 
the court* 

By this vrrit of error plaintiffs seek to reverse 
an order entered by the Municipal Court of Chicago on the 
31et of July, 1924, by which the service of suaiffions was 
quashed on motion of the defendant, the Armour Mechanical 
Oompanjlp!* 

On Itey 15, 1^4, plaintiffs brought an action 
of forcible detainer against eleven defendants for possession 
of certain real estate in Chicago* They also claimed $394,800, 
due them for the use and occupation of the premises by the 
defendants* Service was had upon all of the defendant** The 
Armour Mechanical Company one of the defeniante in the trial 
court and tixe sole defendant in error in this court, filed 
a motion to quash the service* The motion was euBtalned and 
the service quashed* All of the other defendants filed 
their affidavits of merits so that the cause is at issue 
as to all of the defendanta^L except the Armour Mechanical 



OlSIg - *8 

{ 

( . .__ __. 

( 

180 J. _., ^ & 



AAV aflOETffiij;/© to ftoi'rtaa ed? ffoid's x<i 4*S€I ,x-^^ ^o *«-S 

,OOSt*>SR^ fefijsi.'sXo oaI« Y9'^T ♦©s^oiriO fli s#B#a9 I***! at&&i'^9 to 

t9f?.t ^cJ Q9e/i!J9T0 fj'^it ^0 ncit«<j0j>ft© jbf»,« neir ftrtJ- To't aadt ©ufc 

ei'T ^BinBhrt*>'i9h sr; i^ ii©<|.u bjBf* saw »olvTsa .aJfl«;h£r»Tt».b 

i«irr;f »rfS at a^ginta^^ab «rf:f to =»fle xff«c5W®0 I«oi0«rfo»M icnosiA 

fcaa fe««i:.c*Bue ©kit ftol^^«>ffi s>dT »»o1vt9» 9M dsjBwp o* noij-om jb 
lBOiiW5£fo»M TEwomtA »fl* j>cf»o -^^ 5t,»*nj3l)fla't9^ 9rt!f to Xi« 0* a« 



-3- 

Oompany. The service havlnjs been quashed as to it, plain- 
tiff moved the court for a default and jud^ent against it 
for want of appeaxanoe and affidavit of merits, this was 
denied, and it is obvious there was no basis for this motion 
because the service as to the Armour Mechanical Company had 
been quashed. The plaintiffs thereupon prayed for and 
were allowed an appeal to this court,, upon filing their 
bond and bil of exoeptionst Apparently that appeal was 
not perfected and on July 14, 19S6 plaintiffs sued out a 
writ of error from this court making Armour Mechonlcal Ooia- 
pany the sole defendant in error. 

The defendant contends that the order which is 
sought to be reversed by this writ of error is not a final 
order, and, therefore, the writ of error will not lie but 
should be dismissed, ^e think It clear that this conten- 
tion auat be sustained. Sec. 91 of O'mp, 110 of our statutes 
provlAea that "Appeals shall lie to axid writs of error from 
the Appellate or Supreme Oourt, as may toe allowed by law, to 
review the final Judgments, orders or decrees of any of the 
Circuit Courts, the Superior Court of Cook County, the 
Coxmty Courts ox tiie City Courts and other courts from 
which appeals and to whldi writs of error may be allowed by 
law," And the Municipal Oourt Act provides only for the 
review by appeal or writ of error of final orders, judgpients 
or decreeso It Is obvious that the case Is still pending 
and at Issue In the Municipal Court as to the other ten 
defendants, PurtheMiore It Is not disposed of as to the 
Armour Medrtanloal Company, because the orier merely qxjashed 
the service of the 8uy|aons as to that defendant, but the suit 
was not dismissed as to lt« But even if we assume that there 



SBn sirf^f ta*ii:»3> 'to *i.ir«&il:|e bm m.aAtAnqqs lo *cubw «o1 
HOl^offi aid* ^oi ala*'i on ejsw 9*st/!j* Baclvtf© ml ii bciA ^bftltiBb 

ttac lol box^zrq iio:;s -,■.-;..- . -{ftiSt/p aadcf 

8flw IjssKfgu ^^-ff.t ■^I^«ff»'ra^q:A »s/i<>>i;#«9or» ':tc ^^icJ M« iaocs 

•-n^^ntor .„ . , ...,„-. ijKJ!fc 9Cf bJuoria 

•9*tf^s*8 TWO to o.r.r ,r-'^,T ,.:-. . -©aljitBifa 9«f tnusi aott 

iwtl t©it» to =^iX ixsrfa BXj«»qaA* #j8d[* esfciToiqr 

»iit to xn« to «99to')I> 10 atsJbio ,8*«iM»s^t; Ijsait srf* waiYdt 

Xcf fcewclljs »d \4fli 7<5Si?? to 8;^iiw ^i,-fw o* Jbjw clsdqqa ifoiriw 

odi tot x-t^o B«l>lTo:£q *oA txnaO LstqioXtum 9ti$ bsxA "*w«I 

e:^i»^^S*wfc ,859610 I«ai:t to tOTTS to *Jt;TW TO Ifis»qa« ^ «aiv9^ 

A3;f i9rf*o orf# o:r iia ttuoSi iJtqtiitauii «ixfcr al atfs«i $js Das 
arf* 0* sa to *»a0(i«jtls *cuj Ri *i ^^OHnxfidfrt/l » afaafectelBl) 



-3- 

WUM a final dlsposlti n of the c^se as to the Armour 
Meohanical Company, the writ of error would have to be 
dlsmiaeed because the l|nr does not permit the review of a 
case by piecemeal by the Appellate or Supreme Court* In 
people V , Banks. 285 111. 137, it was held that where 
a bill was dismissed as to one or more of the parties for 
want of cchiity and the case re:nalned pendin,-; as to the other 
parties* the complainant could not prosecute a writ of error 
\intil there was a final di8po8itio4 of the case as to all of 
the parties* and that if a writ of error were sne6 out 
before a final decree or disposition of the cfluse as to 
all parties , it should bs dismissed by the court on its 
own motion* The court there said (p»140) "The decree 
in this case that we are asked to reverse on this writ of 
error is not a final decree. This court "has frequently 
held that if a bill is dismissed as to one or r.ore parties 
for want of equity ajad the case still reuains pending as to 
other parties* the ocwplainant cannot prosecute a writ of 
error until there has been a final decree or disposition 
of the case as to all of the other parties. The reason 
is that such decree is not a final decree within the meaning 
of our Practice Act, and this court has therefore no 
jurisdiction to review it* Under such circumstances this 
court will dismiss the writ of its own motion, ( ^cklea v. 
Pity of Chica R-o, 166 111, 451) * * * While there are ex- 
ce|)tions to the rule ttoat this court will not review a 
decree under the circumstances here presented, yet it ia ole» 
from the decisions already cited that this case does not 
come within the exceptions but is one that should not be 
reviewed on writ of error xmtil it is disposed of as to 
all of the parties.** 



B to H»ivM: Hti':^ ^fie'iQc Ob wj|X ad* »ai^«o»<f bssaleaib 

tot 892* ^ -' bsytJtsiall) 8«w IXJtcf m 

tterm lo i-iiw js aj-acssuiq J-Oi. .c :._•::.. 3-/irn'i-/tiqiiCO aria- ,«s.iff^«q 

^o IJ« 0* Sis «e^o lltoi if' i 30Cf a ii) i«ail « a^iw 9X9di tlSau 

fuo fcstfs «»T9* :co^i« Tto ^Inw fi 1:i t»dt baa ^••ii'tfiq sd* 

ati no ^T«ro& »irtt ^^ fjasajtaslti 9<f fo/weda Ji , »alti:fiq II» 

1» jMs'sr eiii* ite 9»«-9T9t o.t 5»3l0« aijas aw ^jcrf* as*o mldS cd 

llSB^L'psxt esef- #aijoo sia'T .s^xoafc i«flil /< #cn si -xcnia 

Bait's s»i Steffi 'xci aoQ c^ as j&4»eeijsat& ai iliiS ^ XI tadji: bl9ii 

t© ifiTV * atsfoaawg *oacx»o Jiisoijaig:*^;© «iW *e©i:#i«q[ xsrfJo 

floi .? ieviq 8i^ ISO »»i.o0fc i«all « s»wi w*id ®r9dt llim rQxz9 
aoBrai ».fiT »a»i*'c»q xadS^o an* to llm ct 3j8 asjeo ^dt lo 

» valrar #on XIlw iruoo ai^t taf& %^Js% 9dt ct aaolt^ao 

TBwXo ©1 tl ;f9x ^J^if^/xaasTcq aasri 890B«3'aia;joxl': 'tm; a»^«>»l» 

#o/i R»el) ©«».«) alftt indt b&flo yjb»97.ia aaoieioeis ari# aott 

9<f ioxi i^Xircda ^-erf* aao ^.l ttrd aaol^qsox^ a,d;r aldtXw ascc 

ckJ- »e lo Jb^BOqai^ »i ;M Ii*fft/ «ois© lo c6 feawalTai 

",33X5 . I.* I ariJ" to IIjs 



In the Buoklen case olted by thp court in the 
BaJiks cases it was stated that an appeal from an orcler of 
oouTt which was not final will be dismissed in the absence 
of any showing that particular hardship will result fjroia 
such dismissal, I^ the instant case there is no su^^gestion 
that any particular hax'dship will resiilt tuiless this writ 
of error is passed upon by us upon its meritSj^ »nd we cannot 
••• how such a suge^«stion could be seriously urged* 

The order sou^t to be reversed by the prosecution 
of this writ of error not being final, the writ of error 
is dismissed. 

WRIT DISMISSED* 

TAYLOR, P.J. AND THOMSON, J. OONGUR. 



\9 T«.bTO a& «c"sl X.'*©;: ■.■id* b&^jita 8jew Ji ^a^jip g:<xaifl 

*t;33aXM-ilG fia? 



•6 - 313S4 

ELIZABETH OURKIK, 



Appellant » 



EDWARD A. LIGHTFOOT, 

Appellee, 



APPEAL FROM 

SUPERIOR GOl?RT, 
OOGK COTISTY. 



?44I.A. 632 

Opinion filed Maroh 2, 19Z7^ 



^ii 



MR. JUSTICE O'COHNOR delivered the opinion of 
the court. 

Plaintiff brought auit against the defendant to 
recover damages for personal injuries. There was a verdiet 
and jud^ent in defendant's favor and plaintiff appeals. 

The record discloses that about 4; 00 P,M, August 
17, 1934, as plaintiff was alighting from a southbound 
street car in Vinoennea Avenue at 91st Street she was 
8tru(A: and severely iwjured by defendant's automobile 
which was being driven north in Vinoennes Avenue, 

It appears from the evidence that Vinoennes Avenue 
at the place in question runs north and south and 9l8t Street 
east and west; 91st Street intersects Vincennes Avenus on the 
west, but does not extend east of that street. There is a 
double line of street oar tracks on the east side of the road- 
way on Vincennes Avenue, The roadway for other traffic is 
west of the two street oar tracks. There is a space between the 
west street car track and the pavement three feet seven inches 
in width. West of that space i3 a pavement ^ i ch is 19 feet. 






, '\l£$tqq4. 



. 'iKA'Jijas 



^'r'bli-ii.l^<ri. 



f 

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7 inches in vldth. This latter part of the street I0 
used for vehiOTilar traffic. The evidence shows that 
plaintiff, a wosbau about twentjr-six years of age, was 
riding south in a street oar whidi was operated on the 
vtst track in Vincennes avenue. It was a brlglit olear 
day. She was to alight from the street car at 91st street, 
and as the m.T approached that intersection, it slowed 
down and came to a stop at the usual place «> the north side 
of 91 St street, and plaintiff alighted from the rear, or 
north end of the street oar. As the street ear was approacfli- 
ing 9l8t street a Ford coup© was being driven north on the 
east side of the roadway of Vincennes avenue and when the 
driver of that automobile saw that the street oar coming 
fro« the north, was going to stop near the north intersection 
of 91st street he slowed down and stopped neaor the south 
intersection of 9l8t street so tihat irtien the automobile 
o»ae to a stop it was about fifteen feet south of the south 
end of the street ear. The driver of the Ford saw that there 
was no one in the street to board the street oar and therefore^ 
knew that the street ear was stopping to discharge passengers, 
and that such passengers would necessarily, in going to the 
west side of the street, pass across the pavement in front of 
his car. The evidence further shows that defendant was driv- 
ing north in Vincennes avenue some short distance behind the 
Ford and as he overtook the Ford, which was stopped at the 
south side of 9l8t street, he swung his automobile to Hie 
west and passed around the Ford and as he did so, the ri^t 
front fender of his automobile came in contact with plain- 
tiff throwing hex to the gro\md and severely injuring her. 



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to.*fc«i. »fi^--»o«^ fc&T.tjiil^. ilid-iiiajlq .fe«a ^iirsst^s. j-aXe^o 

»m ito m-:oi: n&rliL -^i tq0?>o mm » imrt-a tul^ gal 

eri* C't ')q!ff?0:iJ| nl ,\'Xi:'?.'»RS(*o'%0 _&/<.••*?•<? «f<!»^;; "««».«»!; rfesm tad* £<«« 
-vi';' ;>ii»JbJhr« »(rfr ."^jfjo «X.t{ 









The evidence further shows that when plaintiff 
ali^ted f roM the street oar she looked to the south and 
to the north before proceeding west across the street. 
She saw the Ford coming from the south and saw it come 
to a stop* The driver of that <ar then signalled, by a 
nod of his head, for her to proceed westward across the 
streetl At that time the street c».r had just started 
up. Upon receiving the si^al, she started and was some- 
where near the oenter of the roadway when she was struck 
by the defendant's automobile as above stated* The man 
who was driving the Ford automobile and his wife who 
was riding with him and two men who were operating a oil 
filling station near the northwest corner of the street 
intersection and plaintiff, herself, testified substantially 
as above stated. Plaintiff also testified that she did not 
see defendant's automobile until she was struck* Some of 
these witnesses also testified that defendant's automobile 
in passing around the Ford and when it struck plaintiff 
was traveling at the rate of fifteen to twenty miles per 
hour* 

Defendant and his sister-in-law, who was with him 
in the car at the time, testified on behalf of the defendant. 
Ibsir testimony was to Itoe effect that as they were approach-" 
ing 91st street from the south they saw the Ford automobile 
stopped in the roadway ahead of them and that *he stre«t oar 
passed the defendant's automobile before defendaot had 
reached the Ford oar; that upon overtaking the Ford c^ti^ ;v^ 
which was standing in the street, dsfende.nt shifted hJti gat 
into second gear and proceeded to pass around the Ford at 
about ten miles per hour and as he did so plaintiff walked 
into the right front fender of his automobileo They both 



•a^m^ 



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tXI«^*R^#a€fcx« h^ntt^',Bt ,lJ98Tfi,d ,'nj:#iii^iq t.^a nol*of»8^ejfli 

*©« h£b »rfe i^^rf* ?>*m#a9^ <,»£* ttt^/Tiisr., ,£,st3.t» «votf* u 

to »»oB .3roi/t#*» s«» ©ft* ixfw •jrMoa,o#ij.s «»;?i»&/TSlaB soe 

• ■''■.{, .1©s^^ •i-^fi.■:;'J. 
3»IitfOi«C;ti/« JbYof 9jj;^ w^g ^...^^jj ^,^.^._ 

■ •:■ -jai 
««> ;^09*^*fi »if(k ;i^m;} has r^^ - : .^rf.^ ^^;w»aoi s.: 

*tBD Mo? •/(* ^ntt^H^ro ssoq^s tm ;T.«r i,^,oi »d* .o«ii«i.5T 
C'^ TSrfT .».ricr.-..,->t'- •>- -to Tcs&ml sfaoTi ;r/:|^ix a^;^ ojnl 



tMtified that they never saw |)laintiff until she struck 
the fender. All of the witnesses testified that the motor- 
man and oonductor of the street oar oame hade to the place 
where plaintiff was injured and that she was taken in an 
ambulanoe to a hospital. 

This im substantially all the evidence as to 
how the accident occurred and plaintiff contends that 
the finding of the Jury in favor of the defenciaat is, against 
the manifest wei^t of the evidence and we are clearly of 
the opinion that this contention must be sustained* There 
is little or no dispute in tiie evidence and in oiir opinion 
it clearly shows that the defendant was negligent in driving 
around the Ford which had stopped in front of hiai> and we are 
also of the opinion that there is little or no evidence 
tending to show that plaintiff was guilty of any negligence. 
The only dispute in the evidence was to the position of the 
street oar when defen%.nt>s automobile passed around the Ford. 
Plaintiff's witnesses gave testimony to the effect that it 
was just passing the ^©rd, while the defendant's witnesses 
testified to the effect that it was a little farther south, 
but we are of the opinion that the version as testified to 
by plaintiff's witnesses is more in accordance with the 
faot, because all of the witnesses testified that the street 
oar men oaae baek to the place where plaintiff was struck* 

Plaintiff also contends that the court erred in 
giving instructions Koe« 9, 10, 13, 14, 15, 17 and 18, on 
bohalf of ths defendant. Instruction 9 told the jury that 
the burden was on plaintiff »to prove that the defendant 



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lJ.lf^-.->f e3 fiOi'^--r«r '^^:.',i :: ■ ••ft (TO iflxqc '^•'^t- '■-'■•. »3:« ftW ^d 

fro 48.f ion© Vi t.gi ^j>; ,, ,, . , * - ■•foi.#f>£fj;i'aAJt sisxrls 



is guilty and also to proTS that she w&a in %h€ exttroise of 
ordinary care for her own Bafety,'' We think this instruc- 
tion should have required plaintiff to prove that defendant 
wae guilty as charged in the declaration and that she was 
in the exercise of ordinary care for her own safety at and 
before the time of the injury toy a preponderance of the 
evidenoe* By Instructioil Mo. 10 the jury were told that 
plaintiff was reqvdred to prove, by a preponderance of the 
evidence, "that the oe.use of the alleged injury was the 
ne^igence of the defendant as charged in hie declaration^" 
The jury mig^t have been misled because the defendant had 
filed no deolaration. Obviously the word should have been 
"her*. Instruction 13 directed a verdict and wslb Inaccurate 
in a number of particulars. It told -fee jury that if they 
believed from the evidence that the plaintiff failed to 
exereise ordinary <»re for her own safety and that such 
failure, if the jiiry believed there was aucto failure, 
"helped in smy way to bring about Itoe aooident* she could 
not recover. This instruction should have been given. 
Plaintiff was required to show -Siat she was in the exercise 
of ordinary care for her own safety at and before the time 
she was injured and this nust be shown by plaintiff by a 
preponderance of the evidence. The phrase "helped in any 
way* should have been eliminated as it is inaccurate. Piaia~ 
tiff oould not be barred fma a recovery on account of any 
aegligenoe on her part unless such negligence proximately 
contributed to the injury* Instruction No. 14 told the 
jury, among other thingSf that if they believed from the 
evidence that the deteniant exercised ordinary care to avoid 
the injury, plaintiff oouH not recover. There was no evidence 



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Mov« ci fcTJBo Tta/Ii.^'^G ftssioiroro or::BJ''nslaA nds te-dt doaftblT* 



-6- 

tending to show that the defendant did anything to avoid 
striking plaintiff, because the evidence all shows that 
he did not see her vmtil she was atruok. Instruction Mo, 
15 was to the effect that if plaintiff's negligence caused 
©r contributed to producing the in;5ui*y she could not re«- 
cover* As stated It omitted ahe element that hemsgligenoe 
proximately contributed to bringing about her injuries* 
Instruction 17 was apt to be misleading* By it the jury 
were told that l^e law of contributory negligence forbids 
a recovery by one wh© by his own fault brings an injury 
upon himself. The Jury mig^t understand that Itiere was 
an implied assxxmption that plaintiff was injtared through 
her own fault and this same idea was emphasised in the last 
part of the Instruction, ^lehich saio' that It was not a ques- 
tion of comparison "as to who was most at fault*" In8tru€>- 
tion 18 told the jury that contributory negligence meant 
the doixig of some negligent act hy a porty injured which con- 
tributed to "or helps to bring about* the injury. It omitted 
the element that the negligent act must proximately contri- 
bute to bringing about the injury and the word "helps* was 
improper in ai^ ^iew» 

The judgoent of the Superior Court of Oook County 
Is reversed and the caus© remanded for a new trial. 

R£V£BSED MDRB£MAHOGD« 
TATX^R, P,J, AHD THOMSON, J. CONOUIU 



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106 - 31235 

BISHOP-WYATT COMPANY, 
a corporation. 



Appellant, ) 

) APPSAL FROM 

▼• } OIRCUIT OOflRT, 

QOm. OOTJSTY, 
J, R. LUDWIO, 

Appellee* 

Opinion filed March 2, 1937, 

MR, JUSTICE 0»00IM0R delivered the opinion of 

*«»>^»- 2 44I.A. 6 32^ 

Plaintiff brought an action of assumpsit againet 
the defendant claiming 11388*45, being |1000»00 loan and 
the balance due for ooamiaaione paid by plaintiff to the de- 
fendant which had not been earned by him. The case was 
tried before the court without a jury, there was a finding 
and judgiment in defendant's favor and plaintiff appeals. 

The record discloses that plaintiff and the d»» 
fendant entered into a written agreement whereby the defend- 
ant was employed "to sell our 52 success thou^ts and su^ 
gestions with pvrtfollos and lUtistrated jim letter service," 
The contract further provided that defendant was to receive 
as compensation a commission of 40 percent of the net total 
on orders ssoured by himj that ttoe commissions would become 
due when plaintiff had r^ oeived i»yment in full from its 
customers; that plaintiff should furnish the defendant with a 
"drawing account on all contracts secured by you not to 
exceed seventy^f ive per cent (75^) of your earned commissions 
on contracts closed during the wselc in which the advance Is 



essis - aoi 







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%flB%^t. o# 6BM? *«^]3flJ3l:»b #.sii* &»l>Xv<?(ic«i ,f»,^dj^f*r1,.. *«Je'x;^i^•o^ ®dT 
ail m-Git lliii , . .. ;7f ao 3«c £!*d llld-aiAXq flo^iivf aiiS) 



aade« Limit drawing acoount not to exceed One H\jndred 
and Fifty Dollars ($150.00) in any one week. The balance 
of the commissione due you after advances as above out" 
lined hare been deducted shall be paid after we have re-* 
ceived payment in full from the customers you sell*" 
It is further agreed that the Bishop-Wyatt Company will 
set aside or loan to you One Thousand Dollars ($1* 000*00) 
which may be used to mafce up difference between earned ooBi» 
mission and draw of $150*00 for each wee]c«" 

After the contract was entered into^ thedef endant 
vent to wori ae required by the contract and earned commissions 
amoxmting to |4490t87# Ouring this period some thirty odd 
weelcs, plaintiffs had advanced to the defendant #1S0«00 a week 
until such advance reached the sum of llOOO.OO when such 
advances were di8Contina4ld« Plaintiffs also paid to the 
defendant during this period of time as and for the commis- 
sions which he had earned |4879«33« So that the defendatit had 
received from the plaintiff in all #5879.32, while he had 
earned as coaoiissionB $4490*87, and the difference between 
these two sums $1388«46, plaintiffs sought to recover in the 
instant case« 

Plaintiffs* declaration oongiated of special covin ta 
and the oommon counts and a copy of the accoimt and affidavit 
of claim was filed with the declaration. This seta up in 
detail the business done by the defendant for the plaintiff, 
the charges made and tbe ooaKaissions earned, etc. The defend— 
wit filed the general issue fand affidavit of merits, but there 
was no contention made by the defendant that the account and 
affidavit ole.im filed br the defendant was inaccurate in any 



b9rbmsH SiiO Ij^aoxs od- ton ^^cuoea* sj!l««3yb tJtisiki ♦^fcesi 

**»iesw noj3« irol: OC*OgX$ to w^iS Sn» aojtsiiJa 

iiojjs «»iiw 00*000 it \6 osfM '^'^-^ '*•*■■*'>*« 9©c£vl)» rfox/8 li^rtir 

-aisaoo 9r!5- let fefljs sjs »a<il 1:o roix»C( s^d* sfll«/l) ioRtanlBb 
bad tmha»\^b '4..ij #?^ff.t c5 *S5*€7aM iJSflTtsa fcarf ei rioirfw aooiB 

si qu sJsK ■ '" . '.o;^:i^lT(, ■ ^ ■:■■.- ' . «^ ffliislo to 

j^ft- •> .i:...,i., ::,.,, .;»«'* JniBfcnr'""- ■•■•• - -'♦ ijfif sfcissai no i*a<< •♦•-'■■- ■■■■ ejsir 



respect* The defendant's position was that after the parties 
had entered into the written agreement, defendant's duties 
were changed so that he was re<3ixired to spend more money in the 
prosecution of tbe plaintiffs' lousiness than would have heen 
required had the written contract remained unchanged. The 
court expressly found from the evidence that no such change 
in the contract had been made. The court further held as a 
matter of law that the defendant was not obligated to repay 
the 11000,00 or any part thereof that had been advanced by 
plaintiff t© the defendant, becausf the oontraot did not so 
provide. In this we think the court was clearly right. The 
substance of the contract was that the defendant was to receive 
40 percent coRmissionft oa the contracts he had obtained, on moneys 
received by plaintiff on these contracts from its oustoaers, 
aad that plaintiffs woxtld advance defendant $150»00 a week 
as & drawing account up to the auia of tlOOO«00# This is 
the testimony of plaintiffs' president* The contract then 
provided that after applying the 0150,00 per week advanced, 
on the commies ions earned, the balance of the commissions 
would be paid by plaintiff to the defendant. There was no 
provision that the #150*00 per week advances or any part 
thereof should be refxmded in case the coaimissions did not 
equal that sua. It has been held in such case that in the 
absence of an express agreement to ]pay back amounts advanced 
to an employee in anticipation of expected commissions, or words 
in the contract showing the employee to be pereojftally liable 
to repay such advancements, they are nOt to be treated as 
loans and the employee is not liable to repay '.his employer 
in oaso the commissions did not amount to as muc^ as l^e 



-■■ft fii y»fle« 9T0« bisaeft- o* &»Tl«|feits: b^jv ©■: . -..„ v8 fe«j|«.sffo 9t«»tr 
9rif ,6«§fi<?iifljs0 ^gfffJfBaw ig"om:#iioo swtitinr'w «"'ii lw»rf fessii/9«iE 

0^ .ton bib to&xtfsoo siW 0^x.f.!ft€.o(5 t.tfffferffllwb srf* ®t lii^nialq 
iiSsar a Cft>«OSII ^nsfca^"' ' '.ItX^islalq tMt ha* 

«rf# ffi +«E[^ efi«o rto^R aj; ftX^,;,f /iocd «M *i ^s^ii "«ifp» 

_.^. -•■ •■■'• :ji« ®j?i Ov-f- -^-:-- -' '-?''' --• -■?■•- iswaoo flil* wajso ai 



advances, Felaenthal Bros, & Oo» v, Gradwohl. 217 Hi, App, 
170; Nelaon ▼• American Business Bureau. 241 111, App, 433, 
and authorities cited in those two cases. The fact that the 
written contract states that plaintiff "frill set aside or 
lean* the defendant 1^1000,00 to be used to aake up the dif- 
ference between his earned commissions and $150.00 a week« 
does not diange the situation. The tlOOO.OO advanced, as 
disclosed by the record, cannot be considered a loaa, be- 
cause the contract provided that after the advancement to 
the defendant of #150«00 a week, the balance of the defendi«» 
aat*s ooBuiiiSBion over and above this sum of |150«00 per week 
veuld be paid by plaintiff to the defendant when the commia«» 
slon should have been collected by plaintiff, 

fhe undisputed evidence in the record, however. 
Is that plaintiff had paid the defendant for oammissiona 
$632*50 aore l^&n the defendant was entitled to receive. 
This was brou^t about by the fact that plaintiff was unable 
to collect the flill contract prices from some of its customers. 
The statement of the account filed by plaintiff showed that 
the amount of these over«»«payment0 was ^672,50, but on the 
trial a witness for the plaintiff testified that since the 
account had been oAde up, plaintiff had collected #100*00 
■orsi and that the defendant wotild therefore, be entitled to 
#40,00 oommisaiott.. This $40.00 deducted from the $673.40 
leaves a balance of $633«40, This is money which the defenA- 
ant had received from Hhe. plaintiff which in equity and good 
conscience he oug^t not to retain, and under the common counts 
filed by plaintiff, the plaintiff is entitled to recover this 
sua. Ho suggestion was made to this effect on the trial nor 



00»-00i^ jE>»*o9lIoo i>«if lll^^iAlq ^cfw »jfe«B! c»»a £iiia ♦ai/otjo* 



is there any suoh suggestion Bftde in this oouxt, but upon a 
oonsideiration of the record, we think plaintiff ou^t to be 
giTen a judguent for the #632*40, there being no dispute 
in the evidence^, as to the over-payment. 

The judgment of the Circuit Court of OoOk County 
is reversed with a finding of fact and judgment will be 
entered in this court in favor of plaintiff and against 
the defendant for $632»40» Each party will be required 
to pay its or his own eost in this court* 

JUD&MEHT REVTSRSED WITH A FIIiDI»G OF FACT AND 
JUDGMENT EHTSRSD IH THIS COIFRT* 

FIHDIHG OF FACT: We find as an ultimate fact that plaintiff 
has overpaid the defendant #632 .iO* 

THOMSOH, J. COHOUHS; 
TAYLOR, J. DISSENTS, 



*d"j:wc'' • ;30© iimQ '»iiS t*' ©d-i tJ8<? **■ 



Lie - 21244 



h, VOCECL AND S« EOKH, oo-partnerfi, 
trading as 70G£L & K.Qt.S, 



Appellants^ 



L. A, aHUTFIN ASD J. B£M01«» oo~ ) 
pf-rtnev, trading as BBNKOH-GlilFFlH ) 
00., ) 



APPEAL FROM 

CIRCUIT OOURT, 
OOOK OOtfNTT, 



Appellees^ 



i 



Opinion filedMarch 2, 1937, 

MR. JUSTIOS O'OOHHOR delivered the opinion of 

the court, . . ,^ '-')i3 

•^- _^: ,jt. .. ^ '-. 

Plaintiff br©u§-^t Bn action ageinst the defend- 
ant before a justice of the peace in the to^n of Oicero, 
and had a ^udgnent by default of ^109,50* The defendant 
appealed to the Circuit Ooiirt of Oook County, and when the 
case was reaohed for trie.l on Msiroh 85, 1926, the i^eoord 
dificloses, that plaintiffs failed to prosecute their suit 
ada, on motion of the defendants* attorney, it was dlsmiesed 
at plaintiffs' ooats fo'^ want of prose oution. Five days 
later co^jnsel for plaintiffs served notice on counsel for 
the defendant that the/ wov.ld appear the following dsr 
and more the oourt to vscate and est aside the order ojf 
disiaiasal and ask that the cause he re-inatated and in 
support of that motion an affidavit was made by one of 
plaintiffs' oounael. The oourt heard the matter on MaToh 
31st, denied the motion and plaintiff appeals. So that 
the onj-y question before us is did the court abuse its 

discretion in denying the motion. 

/ 






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Tfce only matter the oourt had "before It on this 
motion, was the affidavit of one of plaintiffs* counsel; 
that affidavit sets up that the affiant was assigned to 
oonduot the trial on behalf of the plaintiff; that on 
ISaToh 35, 1936, when the c».uss was on the trial call he 
appeared in court and at that time requested the said 
cause to be held until 3:30 o'clock P.M. of that day, 
for the reason that at the hour of 3:00 o* clock on said 
day, affiant was scheduled to appear before Judge Friend 
la a foreclosure case, in which case there was a motion 
for the appointment of a receiver set for 3:00 o'clock; 
that at that time the motion was called before Judge 
Friend and that counsel was there engaged until 3:00 
o'clock in the afternoon; that immediately upon that 
statter being disposed of before Judge Friend, he went 
to Judge Swansonts court, where the matter in question 
was pending, and then learned that the c»u3e had been 
dismissed "at 8:30 o'clock P.M. or shortly thereafter 
for want of prosecution," and that affiant was aotimlly 
engaged before Judge Friend at the time of the dismissal* 
we think the affids.vit was clearly insufficient. It 
does not state that when counsel for plaintiffs appeared 
in oourt on the morning the case was set for trial before 
Judge SwansoB, and requested that it be held until 3:30 

o'clodc of that day, that the court agreed to this re- 
quest* For au^t that appears the court might have 
denied the request. However, counsel in their briefs 
state that when the matter can* on for hearing at 10:00 
o'clock before Judge Swaneon counsel for plai^j^tiffs 
appeared and made a recueet as above stated, and that 
the oourt •granted said leave,* But as we have said. 



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this does not appear in the affidavit filed by counsel. 
Moreover, even if the court had granted leave and had 
stated the case would be held until 3:50 o'olodk, the 
affidavit further shows that counsel did not appear 
before Judge Swanson until after 3:00 o'clock and that 
the cause was dismissed at "2:30 o*cloot!: or shortly 
thereafter," 

For failure to aiake a sufficient showing in the 
affidavit, the judgment of the Circuit Court of Cook 
3ount7 is affirmedt 

AFFZHMEBi 



TAYLOa, P»J* and THOMSOH, J. OOKOOR« 






$?smM.ao ,1 .wos.iiLom bii ... .sojYAir 



72 - 30888 
CHARLES O'LKARY, 



Plaintiff in Error, 



APPEAL FROM 

OIRCniT COURT, 

COOK COUNTY. 



COMMISSIONERS OF LINOCLN PARK, 

Defendant In Error J ^ ^ J ^ j^. 6 3 2^ 
Opinion fil«d Iferofe 8, 1987. 

MR. JUSTIOii; THOMSON delivered the opinion of 
the court. 

The plaintiff O'Leary brought this action in 
asBumpsit against the Commissioners of Lincoln Park, a 
corporation, to recover salary to nifcioh he alleged he was 
entitled, as a Civil service employee, from Maroh SI, 1921, 
to the date on which he started his suit^ The plaintiff 
filed a declaration consisting of the common counts and a 
special count in which Ike set out the various steps by 
means of which he came to he appointed to the office of 
time-keeper, pursuant to civil service examination, and 
performed the duties of that office from April 1916 until 
March 31, 1921, since which time he alleged he had not been 
permitted to occupy the office nor receive the salary 
appropriated fox its incumbent; that on the last mentioned 
date the defendant pretended to abolish the office and so noti- 
fied the plaintiff, but the plaintiff alleged that said office 
was noi in fact abolished, but on the following day, one 
Schmidt was illegally appointed by the defendant, to this 
save office, which the plaintiff had heretofore occupied, 
with; th^e same duties attaching thereto; the defendant having 



8S805 - SV 



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I 
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^ ?Ji 1^ 

to aotRtqo Bd& b-nevil^b SfOBMQJiT IfOItaUT, .HM 

31 ,:ii.eH fliooijiil lo stsacisaiaasoO srf* Mni^gA tXBqsm^BJb 
s<S7? art i)©2j»I r* 9rf doixfsr o^^ Yt«I-«e leroosri o* ^noltsioqtoo 

\titatBic[ ©rtT **jtua Biff t>»^^1s;^a ^tl ffoiriw rro a^JSJb ©j:!* o* 

a bas Btsxuoo nommoc sdt to gai^Biefloo noi^iS'ijelosi) a fesXil 

Yd eqaJa a.'ic;i;T»v sdt tuo t»B sif a'oirJw /il iasjoo Ijsioaqa 

?o soillo 9ff* o* bBtaioqqn 9d o^ ^tceo exl rioiriw to en^Sffi 

bo*? taoi^AnxfffJSXs ssivisj© IlTio o* i-ii^j^eiuq tTOfjsajf^-amW 

ntttu axei IIt^A moil solllo tsdl- tc B^ttut sdi JbSiBiolisq 

ff^'st!' ;tofl bisrf ad JbegsIIfi 9d ^mti doirfar ^oaie ^iSex jXS rfoijsM 

YiaX-R8 9d[* eviso'^i loa ■soJC'^lo sri* Yq^^^oo o* Jb«3>;fXiET9g 

-i*cn oa .bn« solTto 8d# ifeiXocf* o* bBi)x»#9iq d-rt3fciif*"i«£ji »rf# e*^ 

»oitlo blm tsiiit fcsgsXXfi m#ni«Xq »xlt iad jniJfilJBXq ad* feell 

9no ,Y«* snifroXXol ©ri* no tuci ^b9dailodi£ toj&l at toit ««w 

»ttit ot t^flsfcttslaft 6dif %d b^tntoqqA illsjg^Blll saw ibisudoB 

«i)9lnjjooo (iV!Otot»r''id .bad T:li;ffli«rcT ^d* rioXrfw teolllc ©ajaa 



illegally changed the name of the office to "assistant fore- 
man". It was further alleged that the defendant had made 
the tisual appropriations for the office of time-keeper; that 
no charges had been preferred against the plaintiff and he 
had always stood ready, willing and able to perform the aer- 
▼icee and duties of a time-keeper, but th« defendant had re- 
fused to permit him to perform such dttiea since March 31,1931, 

The defen ant filed a number of special pleas, 
one of which was to the effect that the office of time— keeper 
which the plaintiff had previously occupied had been abolished 
on March 9, 1921, and that the plaintiff had never made any 
effort, by the filing of a petition for mandamus or in any 
other manner, to review, vacate or set aside the order abolish- 
ing said office or to establish his right thereto* The plain- 
tiff demurred to this plea and filed replications to the other 
pleas« The court refused to sustain the plaintiff's demurrer 
to this third plea and carried the demurrer back to the special 
count of the declaration above referred to, and sustained the 
demurrer to that oount» The plaintiff elected to stand by his 
declaration, whereupon judgment was entered in favor of the 
defendant and a^ijiinst the plaintiff. To reverse that judgment 
the plaintiff has perfected tiiis appeal. In the other special 
Pleas and replications thereto the parties had joined issue 
on the question of whether the office of time-keeper had been 
in fact abolished, as claimed by the defendant but denied by 
the plaint if f» 

In support of his appeal the plaintiff contends that 
there was no necessity of compelling the defendlant, by mandamus, 
to restore him to the office of time-keeper because he had never 



eijaai barf i-njs&nstsl) 9cf# &Mdi b^goXls i9sitriit a«w JI ^^d&n 
&&d& ; x«qs93i~s»i;f lo aomo arfJ lol eaoid-jsiiqosqq* Xjsuau exi* 

-aae <»d* irrotTaq o;t 9ld>B .&n.6 afrlllxw ^-^js-ss Jboo:^8 eY^BWls bad 

^IS8X<jI5 dotosM sonxB 8©jt#irfe xfoxja mTot^iaKi c* ffixd irlmteq of b«BuJ 

^BMBlq Xsiosqa lo 'xscfxatrxx jS fesLclt Jhji nslefc arlT 

n9qe»i~9ffii# to soillo on* rf^sd* Joelis ariif o* ejsw rioirfw lo 9«o 

fej^rfsiXodfi flS8Cf bad bBJtqunoc \l9ssoiVBrq b&ti ItitttiaXq^- ©dt dolfftr 

ffle 9f>J8m TSTsn b&d YfMalMlq &Ai tsAt ba£ «XSeX «© fioijeM flO 

^flis ai ic auausbfl** lol noi^i^sq s to gjalXlt ©rid- ycf t*Tolt© 

-ci.BXq ©rfT *o*«t»dif ^ri^ii aXif. rfellcfJBd-ae o;f :to ©oi%lo bi&B gflX 

XJB^»qs '^iW' ot jio«cj Tsattifflssl) »d* &9iic:E30 bam M^lq butfU 9lsii o# 

ftrfj £>9flx«;?-exfe Jbn« «©:* tssxeleT eyacf-s aei^JS-ZAXo^l) sdJ !to *m/oo 

Bid ^d ba&t9 o* 159*0 aXs tii*aXsXq arfT «#/ij[/oo afaifj- o* leaxi/msZ) 

sri^ *o Tov^l 0.r l)»i©#ae »3«r tHaiBgXxui, floqw©x8dw «jaoX;t«t«Xo©f) 

Ijexoaqe %9dtc Btii al »XAi»cqs alii* j>©*09!b:»Q eari "ili^aiaXq ©ri* 

di/sssl &9aXot bsd asiJ-xacr ari^ o*9:E8ri;^ Baoitsoilqsn bas eB©|q 

a»9cf jbisri i8q9«ai-«ffixt to ssiilo axl* ^ads-ariw to aoitsBtsp »sii ao 

X<i Jbsinei) tu^ itast>ae't''^ ^'^ x<f &emxjsXo bb ^bndellods tojst at 

tBtit ftfonatffloo tlX*iiX«Xq srf* XA*qa« eirf- to jToqqms hI 



been out of the office. In our opinion that contention ie 
untenable. Whether the office h-d been abolished in fact 
or the defen^anthad merely pretended to abolish it, the 
plaintiff by his own pleading shows that he had been out 
of It since March 31, 1921. It is of course true that the 
defendant haa a right to discontinue any office or position 
in good faith, if it becomes no longer becessary or useful, 
but neither it nor its civil service board has any right 
to continuis the position in force and remove the plaintiff 
therefrom until charges have been preferred against him and 
sustained by the civil service board in the maniner provided 
by law. Nor can the defaidant or its civil service board 
legally abolish an office or position temporarily for the 
unlawful purpose of later re-establishing it» sither under 
the same or another name and installing some other person 

in it. People, ex rel Jacobs v . Goffin. 282 111, 599, 

until 
Bv^yone, finding himself in the position of this plaintiff, 

has established his ri^t to the position or office involved 

either by mandamus or oth«T proper proceeding, he is not in 

a position to sue the municipality, and recover bis salary 

for the period he claims to have been ille^lly prevented 

from performing the duties of his position or office. 

It was held in 01 ty of Qhioago v « People ex rel 
Gray> 310 111. 84, that even where an ousted employee filed 
a petition for mandamiis, seeking both to compel his reinstate- 
ment and the payment of his salary during the time he had 
been illegally prevented from performing his duties in his 
position it was obnoxious to demurrer in seeking two kinds 
of relief, one of which, namely, his reinstatement, must pre- 
cede his ri^ht to the other, namely, the collection of his 



-5- 

ai 0oi*ne*ffoo tsfi* aolaiqo xao nl .^onio s>ri& lo tao assrf 

#9B^ 'tJ^ h?>r(eifo«f* fT»«cf festf 9011:1:0 srfif icoji^arfW . dlrfiwis^uxf 

g,, ?.6ff«t©*rq YiST-sai- jbsfft nebHStSIb' W#"'it» 

tiro jaestf fcfii! orf cfErfd- awcda gniibaslq nvo si:) t^^ tlii^rxifiXq 

9ri* *sri* ©x/5* saa-L-oD to al fl ,ISex ,15 rfo^jsM eonia tl 5o 

iroi*iao<| to 9t>mc ynis 3x/ffi*#B&^»i6 €r* trfs-c* s aaxl ^nBtasldb 

tdgii \aJi sjsd iji«o^ ©oiv^ee livio six ton *i tsrftx^c Jucf 

bru'' Bit-/ t«ni:»^« imsxslsiq asM ®v«fl ssfsxexlo Ia^cxt flios"t»a»il* 

fcsJbiro'tq tBcza&ts. edi at feiaed ^cIvTsb livio »d^ ^ Jboni^rtsuB 

Lxficc doxnsa livxo 0.+ i -^ -^-'^BjE-nelai) ^dt ixso loH ♦**! trf 

9dt lo"! t-EiT3itoqa5»# ac _ \ to soil:!© n& rfai£<xf« xH^^l 

flOBTSKi xBfiio assoB ^^llljs^enx bns Oman r9dioas io dsisa ad* 

,&ed .171 S8S ^ai'ilotj .y a dcoa^ X9t k^ talcfoeq. »*! ni 

masj 
f,ll:itnislq siff* to coiJtaog stis ai IXeewirf gnxbail t9no\lj;fg 

*8vXovnx aoiT'to to rroi^iaoq erf* o* trigln: Btd b9iiBtI(S»t»9 esrf 

ai ^oii ai sn' tSflibssocnrq ^&qcnq xsid*o *io 8£ffl!tj»JbnJ8m yrf T»ri*i« 

■^fTsXas ajtri trevoosrr .hn?. ^v^llRqiotmsn 9dt »ub Gi ttoittaoq b 

b9tn9rsiq '^Xl^salJ ^vjb/I o# umIjiXo ©d Actisq erf* TOt 

.©oino 10 noit^sog eXrf lo «®i.tjufc »rf* s/5imTOtT»q mo^l 

i)sXi5 9«'{0lqffi8 b©*ai/© ns sisrfT? nsv© jjsif* ^^8 .Xil OXS ^ x»sQ 

£>«ri 9ri 0mit 9d« ^atrssb xrais-^ eI 1 to ,tij9fflx«H 9rf.t dufi tiiaa 

«Xri ai eai^uft olrf 8«-iffl^olT;9q morrl f)c*xisv9'jq xXIJ3S»XXl ns©d 

e^ixiaf oet gaiisee nl xeT-riratab o* BiroixoiwTo saw ;fx aol^ieoq 

-stq *8Af» ,*nc9S!a*s!fBiSi9rr glrf ,YX»aMSn ,/foidw to »ao ,i»fX»«t to 

alrf t© aoi*o&XIoo ©rf* ,x-i&ti«Bi5t t^erijo srf* o* *f(:lt airf •J&to 



-4« 



back salary^ since that decision^ howeTery It has come to be 
held that "no obstacle exists to the granting of complete re- 
lief in one proceeding*" People v . Coffin, 279 111, 401; 
McArdle v . Pity of Ohioa^x)« 316 111. App. 343, The court 
held to the same effect in the People ex rel McDonnell v . 
Thompson, 316 111, 11. 

The plaintiff shows by his own pleading that he 
was a ciTil service officer or employee. He was removed from 
his office or position by the Park Civil Service Board* Before 
he may be in a position to bring an action at law against 
the CoHHBissi oners of Lincoln Park, for salary following the 
date upon which he was ousted from his office or position, 
it would be necessary by appropriate proceedings to which 
the Civil Service Board would be a necessary party, to establish 
that the position or office still exists and that he is legally 
entitled to it, and has been, ever since the attempt was made 
to oust him from it» City of Chicago v . People ex rel Gray, 
supra; Gersch v . City of Chicago, 192 111. App. 190, 

For the reasons stated, the judgment of the Circuit 
Court is affirmed* 

JUDGMENT AFFIRMED* 

TAILOR, P,J. AND O'CONNOR J. CONCTJR* 



9c oi 9JS00 asri 3-i ^TSvsTJon ^ii.ieiOsJa i•SilJ^ aonia *tTC*I«» "^^f 

"91 BiQlamco to ^jxitiiBr^ - "^ " ffi;raiX9 9lo.s;r8do on" *«rf;t bl9d 

llO^ .111 efS .gxnol .. .>I^ oe^ " ,SfiiJE)9©o©iq ©no ai 1:»1I 

tT0©o 9riT .5^ .qgA .1X1 aiS fO ^>iolriO lo T^jD .^BlbiApU 

.XX .1X1 SIS ^noaqgorfY 

flioil &©voi7(9f B«w 9H .esto-torsGd to r&ol'fie soiTiae Xivio » a«w 
siolsS «feiiM38: -^oiryTea XiviO 2iT«^ sf^d Y<* noMisoc ^o 9oi%iO aid 

»ffj gaiwoIXol ^TsX«a tol ^itsl cXooail lo aisnoicalsamoO »i^ 

^acii&tBoq rto soll^o airi ajcfl bssfairo a«w ad <foirfw noq« stab 

ffolrfw o# ssiiifesdostq »J-«i:Eqotqqs x^ ■?'rsaa*o»s «Kf £>Xwow *1 

VXX«33X eX srf tAxa- foflfi ad-BJtX® XXi^J-a soil!:© -co aol&tzoq edt tnsii 
efcoass BAW #tiJ£S?*a »rft »oisla TC9V©,ja»9«f (B«rf 5ns ,Ji; od- ijeX^iJn© 

.OGX .qqi, .XII SSX . oa.soJtfO lo Y#iQ * v do8-x»0 i&iqsja 
iiuotiO srij lo tn«nsg.h: - "'■ ^bQt&te. aaou&Qi si/./ Tcot 

Ji.UOmO .1. 5IOMIIO0*O atfA .L,<! ,HOaYAT 



( 



15 - 50930 
32 - 31142 

LIWI8-SIMA8-J0KES COMPAHY, 



1 

•J 



PETER PEERBOLTE, 



Appfillee, 

Defendant in Error, ) APPEAL FROM 
) 
▼• ) AND ERROR TO 

CIRCUIT COURT, 



Appellanti 
Plaintiff in Error* 



COOK a)?iNTT, 



Opinion filed March 2, 1927, 

.1 IS i^ 
»IR. JUSTICE THOMSOM deliTereH the opinK 

the court f 



44I.A. 6^2 

ire red the opinion or 



The plaintiff coiapany brought *mit against the 
defendant Peerbolte to recover amoimts due on three promissory 
notes executed by the defendant to the order of R, 0, MoQill 
it Oo,, and endorsed by the payee in blank* 

When the case was first tried there i»as a directed 
▼erdiot for the plaintiff; on appeal from that jud^ent by 
the defenisnt, this court held that the issues involved 
should have been submitted to the jury and, because they 
were not» the judgment was reversed and the cause remanded, 
Lewis^Siaas-Jones C o. v. Peerbolte . 337 111. App. 647, The 
eass was tried a ain and, on the second trial, the issues 
were subaitted to a jury resulting in a finding for the 
plaintiff and an assessment of damages amounting to 18,451,13. 
Jud^ent was entered on that verdict against the defendant; 
the latter prayed an appeal but failed to file hi a complete 
record in this court Fit- in the tiiae allowed; he then sued out 



oseos - ai 



ui^ 



s? ^ ox* 






eaxoi&HiAMi8-aiw2a 









,VSei <S dsrsU b9lll aoiaiqO 



a'^dOSHlM HSTSSt 



TO rrOiax-Tu ens- D::!!-: 



•k."^;M';;:jt ^uiTiiiJ; 



♦ JTw'OO ■•3ltC 



69*o«9iJib 'a B-S^ litQ'rfil- bbitt dnt't «a«» »«».so- »d[# nnd'S 

•iJT ,"7*6 ,qqA .1X1 TSe .^.TJodrt^ax .v «oD asiiol >-.e,effiJ:3-ei'gr9a 
•9U881 ari* jlieitjf fcaoaae 9rf* ao ,&/. IoxtJ- 8J?w sbbo 



-s- 

« writ of error to review the judgment and, upon His motion, 
tho writ of error and appeal were oonaolidated for hefring 
in this court. 

The evidence s ows that a concern known a« 
Pe&cook: & do, of (^loago, owed a bulanoe of al)0ut $8,500 to 
R. 0. MoOill « Co. of San Franeisoo, 3oth of these oonoeme, 
ae well as tbe defen snt Pfterbolte, were dealere in seeds 
and onion sets. In i3eoemb«r, 13?1 «otid January, 1923, MJoOill 
was in Obicaj^o pressing Peaoock for payjaent of that account. 
T>^e business of Peaooek £ Co, was not doing well and t|i«y 
were not in a position to isaks anysubstantial paynent on 
their sooount with koGill it Co. But, Peaoodk: i 00, held 
two oontraots each dated in April 1921, calling for the 
delivery of onion sets tq Peacock « Co., in January and 
February 1923, One of tht'se c&ntraots was with Rau & Go, 
This {».lled for the delivery of 10*000 bushels of onion sets 
at a dollar a bushel. The other oontraot with the oooperative 
Onion set arowers Association, of wnicfe the defendant Peerbolte 
was manager, called for the delivery of 11,000 bushels of onion 
sets at $1«10 a bushel snd S,000 bushels at $1,25 a bushel. 
Delivery was due Peaooedc & Oo, under these contracts at about 
the tins Iteaill was pressing for the payment of his account, 
At that tine the price of onion sets had advanced to fl.50 
and ^1,60 a bushel. 

After the plaintiff had introduced the notes in 
evidence, and submitted testimony as to the amotint due 
upon then, thus making out its prima facie case. Peacock, 
testifying for the defendant, stated that he told McOill 



-s- 



,«;.i^'-;w ,-^i.- ii^'-'U tfca« *a^:-. ,«..«;.. . .-^ .i-.^.v.. ... ..-,..- .w J,..i'? fl 



8J?, flfWOfT.?-' jOT^" >:ra«£!iV» »5ft 

IIH»oJK *SS%'I , * ,,T»cfi«rao5»a nil »«*«« HOiise feaa 

.<»jBiw to taa^xsf^ lo't icso.sa'u »«isa«'sq o^iHGltS) al e«w 

.C-- . .ij!5S .»f#i:v a«sw ato-rt^riza? ;..., ..... .a sjarO .SCSI 'X%xind9t 

9l'.'cc?f»i»'5 #J^«^B»J^fe s^t ftoiaw 1:« ,ftoir*»i««aa* ireawswc #«a stolen 

■ ^ludsimi Of;o,iX to \T«>vii9.R atrf? x&t MXXau ,<i»3|«eie0 mnr 

.Xari«e<S « as.l'^^ J* «X»4:!.»a"6r 0i>0»S feue; i»«fei;M a M»»it *« »*»» 

,X«rfBwa *i (M*lff htm 

astp tauomB 9df of h& xnomXS»fiS a^ttimiiusi baa ^aoA^^iva 
s^ooo'ol «»s^ fti o^J Big rig aji i-ae 'j^idaa. &£sdi ^m^dt aoqu 



about these contracts ajad suggested that if he woiild wait 
a little longer his compajmy woiild he in s position to liqui- 
date its ao count with Moflill & Co, out of the profits on 
the onion seta oalled for by these two contraote* but lioOill 
was anxious to get back to San FTancisco and was unwilling 
to leave without some definite ariangemeat covering the pay-» 
meat of his account; that MoGill suggested that they enter 
into some agreement oone^ming these contracts and he asked 
Peacock to produce them so that he covild subait them to 
his lawyer for the preparation of such an agreement and that 
Peacock accordingly delivered the contracts to McGill for 
that purpose but without any endorseaaent or assignment 
li^ Peacock A Oo« Peacock further testified that he never 
got anything from McGill for these contrsote and that McOill 
did not credit anything on the indebtedness of Paacook & Oo, 
in consideration of the delivery of the contracts, nor did 
he ever return thea, but that about the middle of January, 
Peacock found that they had come into the hands of the de- 
fendant. He further testified that both Rau and the Ooopera- 
tive Onion Set Growers Association made deliveries to peacock 
& Oo« under these two contracts* 

The defendant Peerbolte testified that on January 
18, 1922, aoGill came to him with the Rau and Cooperative 
eontractSf asking the defendant to handle the onion sets 
oalled for by the contracts and pay McGill the amount of the 
Indebtedness of peacock & Co., and divide. any profit that 
ml^t be made above the amount of that indebtedness between 
MoGill and himself "fifty-fifty". Apparently, the parties 
made an agreement on that basis, figured the profit involved 
In the contracts over and a,bove the indebtedness from peacock 



J" J, teA JL^.I •■• >-■> 



'■-^ S)«ihB9>4ri«'8 &iJ« 8^^o«w:^^fi<3{> d8ftx& tirod© 



gallllwiiw 8.??» "a" ooai©n«^'5 a^iS oo o^ awoixxta •*» 

rt^^Ti'- 3i1* bsteisssfirs XllOosi ?»^!r j*atfO©o« aid to toBtR 

)b».'f«''! !».•+'? et-t nor Bf^3(^& •^Hiirr«;ort«o tasaseTcij* »«©R 0#isX 

;* OS w9ti$ aoishojq ot iooo«s<C 
j,.sr o Roi*5T»q.*' co'i rtSTfW«X aid 

j^KSftiuKiesp TO fmts»n%ebafi \im tt;oci#lw *iwf 9»o<rr«q i'ais!# 
t3v«n e 9ill*aft* r^Mvs/t iaoo«»<l »oO A iooofift'5 ^ 

btb ion ,e#©ST^rtoo sa^ ^o t^»VAi'^ o 0oi*Ka:«v^l80OO ai 

eV^Birn.g:!, to dXiibis aii;^ *ijoca *sf!,+ jund ^jftstfcJ' axuisr inv» erf 

-•«i»qooO art* i as u&ii diad im<.^ b^ill^usi tarfiii/i sH ,*.rjs&ja»1: 
Ovl#3T«o.co5; £>cs -»«H s^* il^tw aid ®* *«»«> IXiCoK tE8eX «SX 

aaXt'ijsq- 9d3- ,TitflS" * «t*^-fi~\*'ti"^ " lX«««2:ri JboB XXifloM 

&?»TXovflX jilo'ijx «rf^ fearf^ji't ««lej£o' cfarii ko #aonttt97s^ jcns abas 



-4- 

ft Oo. to Moaill & Oo., based on the then market price of 
the onion sets and, in oonaideration of the assignfflent 
of th« contracts by McGill & Oo. to Peerbolte, the latter 
executed the three notes here in suit, for the half of those 
profits due to McGlll S^ Oo. on that basis. Peerbolte fur- 
ther testified that, at that time, he was in doxxbt about 
delivery under these contiacts and, for that reason, a 
clause was written in the notes he then gave MoGill which 
s»de their payment ctmditional upon eudi delivery. Shortly 
thereafter UcCill came back to peerbolte witn those notes, 
asking him to give him three negotiable notes iii place of 
them, as he was anitioua to go \^s.<± t© Oalifomia and wanted 
to be in a position to bank the notes* MoQill made this 
request beoauas he said "you know there is no question about 
the delivery now", and Peerbolte testified that he thought 
there was no question at th?it time about getting the onion 
sets and he, therefore, executed the negotiable proaissory 
notes here in suit, which were substituted for the original 
three notes, the latter being destroyed at that time* 

The defendant testified further that he did not 
receive delivery of any of the onion sets under the two 
contracts* As to the Rau oontraet, he said he asked for 
delivery several times but could not get it and then be 
got in toudi with Peacock and the latter told him the onion 
sets oalled for und^r that contract were bis. Still later 
Peerbolte said he secured an extension of the time of 
delivery, Peerbolte testified further that he was the 
manager of the Cooperative Association and the onion sets 
oalled for by that contract were imder his control and he. 



;: e^ofl 9idsitca«xt aaTJi^ aid «Tis o# airi s«i3i8« 

*£t^u«£f# «if <J«n'* b^ttUmii »*Xodt»9i Sim ,^rotn ijxtTilslj &(i* 

ffoi:x{0 9fit afllrft«?;s #iy©«fj5 sal* *«fi# t« «oi^««»yp 0/5 «jsw 9T9it)^ 

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laair^tif srfsf :£0l ij»*i7tJtf»<Jtf8 *t9w £foi*tw ^s-iys «i aicatt sotoii 

tot l>».rf«« 9ff bl. : , J\:..jsirtiifto. tf«5i Oa1.; , -:'-o«rr.tflco 

aai «««' *;ri ir.sri;f t»/itT3s»^ fc»ili:;^ae^ »#iotftt«e<X ,ip£&TriX©£i 
<«Mf tifin lOTtnoo sin Tsfcaw ST*?? .to«T*iS06 .tsrfif -^ci rot &»iXao 



hlm«elf, delivered the onion seta called for by th«t 
oontraot to peaoodc A Go«» although he had signed and 
delirered these promissory notes to MeGill in f«.yment 
©f them and, that he made audi delivery to Peaoocsk, 
"because they were actually sold to the company and 
because l found out in the meantime how this contract 
was gotten by McGill from Peacock^" 

From the cross-examination of the witness Peaooot, 
It appears that after his firm weot through bank r\iT> toy, 
the defendant suoceeded to the business of that firm. 
Peacock testified that the defendant "took over my former 
business, I stayed there and managed it with bim," He 
testified further that be had no eonriection «lth Feerbolte 
at the time he was testifying. The evidence shows that 
Peacock & Company went into bankrupt^ in March, 1923, and 
Peacock testified that the first thing be did after that 
was to sell f»niOB sets on ooBuoission* He said he sold some 
for Peerboltt. He further testified that he went to woric 
for peerbolts the latter part of June or the first part 
•f July. 

The record also shows that during the oross- 
•xamination of the defendant Peerbolte, he was s^own a 
oopy of an advertisement which had appeared in the magaeine 
called "The Seed *orld" whidi advertisement had incorporate! 
in it a letter addressed "To Whom it May Concern." That 
advertisement appears to advertise the busines'? of Peter 
Peerbolte, "World's Largest Onion Set Grower and Dealer," * ♦ 
"Main Offios and Vfarehouss, South Holland, Illinois," and 
"larehouses at Desplaines, West Pullaan, Franklin, Lansing, 
lorwood Park* ^^<^ South Holland, Illinois," The letter 



,*>coy5-T v.,j ^{i"v.'. I '.^j tfei«a st'iSSB *fl' t«dt tfcjtui asri* to 

eaoe fcioa 9ri l?i*-^ - .iroiaeiisfsoo rto s#s« oclniQ IXsa of saw 
iiv>« o* *«9w £•., ..■.^..=, ii»i--«. H'— * ■^■•ifJ^xtft aH *»*io^n:99« x«l 

,SxiiaiSAa ^niJi/iml ,c«iX/f^ ;J8«W t8Sfll«Xqa«G ia «»«/orf»«^» 



— 6-» 

above referred to wa.8 dated May 1, 1933. It read as follows: 

"Having been well inforased ae to the position 
and condition of Mr. Everett R. peacock, and the 
oorooration which bears his name, as regarda their 
finaaijial difficulties, 1 a-u pleased to advise 
of arrangements having been made between Mr, Peacock 
and myself whereby I can, and do hereby cheerfully 
guarantee the fulfillment of any contracts or orders 
for onion sets which have been taken for future 
delivery, or which may hereafter be entrusted to his 
care* 

It is Riy sincere hope that Mr. Peacosk and his 
corporation will eventually work out of their financial 
difficulties, and in the meantiiae, I remain. 
Yours very truly, 
Peter Peerboltc,*' 

When asked about this letter the defendant testified that 
ths letter and announeement were used for the advertisement 
of his business in "The Seed World»« He aalA the letter 
referred entirely to the next year»s crop. He was aaked 
whether he was concerned about Peacock making iteliverles 
and he answered that he had bougjht oertain contracts from 
ths receiver for Peacock ft Oo»pany and had "taken a certain 
amount of bushels for future delivery." ?\irther, on cross- 
examination, he was asked whether he paid for the advertise- 
ment and he said he didn't know but he presumed he had. He 
was aaked whether Peacock was working for him at that time 
and he answered: "He worked for me for some time." He 
was thea asked to explain to the jury, if he hp..d bought 
onion sets and guaranteed them for future delivery, "why 
it was that the adverisement came out under the name of 
Everett R. Peacock Otwipany?" and he said he did not know 
wiif» 

In rebuttal, the plaintiff introduced testimony 
tending to show that when Peaoodc * Company went into bank- 
ruptcy shortly after the transactions involved in this case. 



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« . s;t Xocf«#»«J re-- 



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ttieir^o b n9:isst*> bad bcm Yfi-^^^s-^ * iocoaa^ aot t»yi®a©rs: 94* 

.{■^r-fi -«>(f h<*«»f8»'f ..;^ a;I tiJm Sri Jbflfi ^aSiJK 

s tol iisalitow dB" :j»»3 8NraflB 9ri baa 

*rigffOd b.ari sH 11 •^t^^t «»^* o^ ai«IqX0 at Jb»3J»« «eri# «iwr 

meal Jo« bife sff bisa sd &n«i "f ^n^qiRoD alDOoad^ .3 /.tincsra 

XKCiclJes;?- &!9O0fect*nl ItJttniJsXq sri* ,Xii;^.ti«i9-t nl 
-otDtsstf Q^al tnsw Ycrs/jEoO A jfooo^d'-i asdw i-ixri* worfa o;f jjifllfcnd* 
«aE«o 8if<* at bevXcrrxti sact^osanai* ^rit r^&Jsi xlttodn xo*<Ti^ 



R. 0« MoGill * Co, w^-.n not listed as a oreditor, nor were 
the onion sets "represented by these warehouse receipti* 
listed as assets* Whether the onion sets referred to in 
that connection are the same as called for by the Hau 
and Cooperative contracts Is not clear, but that is the 
intimation and nothing apoears to the contrary. Further 
testimony eubsBitted by the plaintiff in rebuttal was to 
th« effect that frequent demands had been made uponthe 
defendant for t?ie payment of the?© notesfi 3nd upoB the 
occasion of such demands the defendant always promised 
to sake payment within a few days* 

Ib support of his apoeal the defendant contends 
that the only theory upon which the nlaintiff could recover 
is that it was a holder in due course and that when it 
Is shown that the title of one who has negotiated a note 
is defective, it becomes the responsibility of the holder 
to prove that he, or some one through whoa he claims, got 
title as a holder in dwe oourse« Such was the holding of 
this ootirt in connection with the previous appeal of this 
oas« based on Chap, 98, Pur, 79, Oahill's Rev. Stat, 1925, 
This, however, is merely a rule of burden of proof. On 
ths previous ap ;eal this court pointed out that there 
was some evidence in the record tending to show that the 
title of McGIll & CO, to these notes was defective, in 
that some evidence tended to show that MoGill * Go. did 
not own and did not have the right to pledge these con- 
tracts and, also, that at least one of these notes was 
negotiated after matutity. Some of the evidence contained 
in the former record, tending to shor the latter item of 
proof, is not contained in the present record. There is 
other evidence submitted in this oas« tending to show 



»»s«r xQ(t ^rctib^ro a 8jb jb»;fsi X tcM my #00 * IIlOoM i»0 .•II 

*o.a si s;J-oatd-i3E©c» •viJjQTsqooO i)n« 

l^-saiiEOtq sxawX? ■^" — ''t«??5 »rf^ etnaassfc rfows I0 act 9x000 

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»ri* t«rf* flwoffs si 

tej^ ^ejBitjXo »rf flsc. !j '-rto ftaos ire . fj svoiq oJ 

1:0 sflxbXol yd!* sfiw ibi/e . • «£;1) iii 'i*i>Xoii « B£ «XitX# 

al'1 :kV9tq a(ii^ < i^ii? ffoi#o9iWK>o ni trisoo aid* 

,3S8X ,^5J-C" ' rJif{.*C (6V .15^ «Se .q«rit) «) b»9&d »aao 

■-'■■■■* -■-'-:- - ,,r. |>9tfixoq TTc/oD mat lascqa mjoir9rq •ffcf 

• ■.' ■"-■'« •.•• v,£iibors* fitcosi gridf ni aoasJbiva amos e-sw 

;v^ t9ri^rj«it^b sm s9*o.- - - -+ -^ ,-■-< j XXIOoM to oX^iJ 

bib .oC ft IXiOoM ^srf.t ^ > ., , ioxxabiv© ftaoa #ad* 

-aoo ©esrfJ «§£>{» Xq o* #h : 'jvsd toa l^iJb Ijxia xnro #oii 

8«v e^toc »a9riS- to Sixo tarsi ts ifsdd- «oaXs ^!ms 9ito»tt 

Jb&aia^floo snn»JbiT9 9dt 'to •^inoG ,Ysti?lrtf*i5iB i^a^l^ &9i'ai;fos»« 

1© «»*i T9#;fjR.f •ff# ^oda (9# ^jiibiff®* ,&«»o»t: ««mrr0l odJ ai 

si atarif ♦&'soo»^ 3-s»»inq 9fAt al bs^nia^nso sen ei tlooaq 

wc<i» o* sa-ti5«»^ «e«j aid;? ni i)«**i»tfyB ®oi»fii5lva xsdto 



that lioGill & Co. did a-oqiJire title to these contracts. 
In the opinion filed by this court on the previous 
appeal, after referring to the evidence as set out above, 
this court held that the questions involved should have 
bsen sutMBitted to the jury ^nd, therefore, the trial 
court had errsd in giving the jury a peTeiaptory inetruo- 
tion for the plaintiff, 0,^ the retrial of the oase there 
was again some evidence tending to show that the title to 
McGill & Go. to these notes was defective and there was 
STidenoe to lije contrary. However, on such trial the 
oontroverted questions were submitted to the jury and 
it is not contended that their finding is against the 
manifest wei^t of the evidence, nor, in our opinion, 
could such a contention be made successfully, in view 
of all -tiie evidence in the record. 

However, we are further of the opinion that the 
rule as to the burden of proof contained in section 59 
of the Negotiable Instrument Lj'W (Cteihill's Rev. Stat, Ctoap% 
58, Par, 79) which the defendant seeks to invoke here in 
his favor is not one of which he may avail himself, because 
he became bound on these notes prior to tlUe acQuisition of 
the alleged defective title in them. After laying down 
the rule as to burden of proof which the defendant seeks 
to invoke, the paragr|4>h of the statute in question con" 
tinues to say, "but the last mentioned rule does not apply 
in fftvor of a party who became botind on the instrument prior 
to the acquisition of such defective title," Aoodlawn Trust 
9t Savings Bank v , Donaho, 239 111, App, 158, 



»vjtrf felworia bavXovflx Eccxd^asim sffd" t«icl# bltd fxuoo *idt 
Ifft^f ?>dtt ^'ito'i^'iO sit ,&«/.' Ttiii »!«■ Ov-f bn&^tssdtj9 /t9©<f 

1© RoiiXstupo» 9Hi& Qi roitq e.»ie:t &^f)f& ad feijxieo' BmB&9^ ad 



la further support of the appeal it is pointed 
out that the court instiucted the jury to the effect that, 
where one takea a promissory note in the usual course of 
trade for a valuable consideration, before maturity, and 
is not guilty of bad faitti or possessed of knowledge im- 
peaching the value of the note, he would become a lolder 
in due course and the note will not bs subject to defense 
of failure of conBldera.tion in his hands. This instruc- 
tion then went on to tell the j^ry that^ if they believed 
from the evidence that the notes here in suit were trans- 
ferred in good faith for a valuable consideration, before 
maturity, and without knowledge of facts impeaching their 
validity on the part of the plaintiff, the defendsjit was 
not In a position to defeat plaintiff's suit by showing 
that the notes were given without consideration or that 
the consideration had failed. It is contended that the 
court erred in giving such an instruction to the jury be- 
cause there ws-s no evidence in the record upon ^ioh to 
base it* 

In our opinion the defendant is not in a posi- 
tion to urge this matter An as mudi as it does not come 
within any error which he has assigned up4n th€i record* 
Moreover, the defendant submitted and tbe trial court gave 
an instruction which was the converse of the one submitted 
by the plaintiff, of itfiioh the defen^^ant now complains. 
By the Instruction submitted by the defendant, the jury 
was told that, unless they believed from the evidence that 
the plaintiff became the holder of the notes sued upon 
before they were overdue, and that the plaintiff took 
them in good faith and for value, and without notice of 
any infirmity of the notes or defect In the title from 



-8- 



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t»feXo£f & &tEO09& bi'nmr »r ..y^^jsy ^^^ ffiltfcjwq 

Mv9i:l3(/ xarici- ti ^?«rf* yT:i;r{; »K* XXst ot ao .tasw fl«ri;^ noi# 

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a^liTOffB Tjcf tJtoe Bn-kitntBlq tms't^b of soUlso ^on 

tMtit TO aoi^i8^9.^t»fmf. tt/orJifjfir saTiu vt!«w asi^on aa;r .?.8/l* 
»rf# fads l)sb£fs#fioe ai ,ti ,fc«Xlift fesif m ttAt^t i^aoo ^df 
«9c? ^ttift 9:<^ oi n'^ltomfBri ■as m^^i^ al hmrs txisoo 

®'^ "*'^'"" "-^ ■ -■- ■ - 9r.s .:i.i ^o:i^tflV9 on ai-w Bxsdt 98tsB0 

"imoq » ai .tee sX ^SjSJia^^af^ «>.1# aoiaiqo rm tit 

tswt »A^ «*«Af>ir«l»fe »rf* ipef fo-yi^ifflctos xioi*D.t/rrf«tti erf^f ^8 
aoqiT S*i^ 8«t©ff M# 1« t^fti- . - ,,„^9^ ni*fli«Xq *rf* 



-10- 

the one from whom the plaintiff received them, then the 
plaintiff waa ot a holder in due cour«e, Ir> such a sit- 
uation the defendant may not be heard to complain of the 
instruction on the same subject submitted by the other 
side* 

For the reasons we have given the judgaaent of 
the Circuit Court is affirmed, 

AFFIRMEDt 



TAYLOR, P»J« AND 0»Or'HNOR, J. COKCUR* 



Mi' to aisiqmoo ot i»T«»d »c Jon <«® j'ijjabas'i afc ari* flolJss/ 



.j?fjoKoo .L ,fKJ*i^'^»0 am .i,tf .fioaYAT 



388 - 31108 






FKkhK KLAU-DZR, 








Appellee, 


' APPEAL FROM 


▼• 


^ 
1 


SUPKRIOR GOXmf, 


S. A. GQHN* 


1 
Appellant, 


COOK GOfJHTY, 



Opinion filed March 2, 1927 • Q^ 

MR. JUSTICE THOMSON delivered the opinion of 
the court. 

The plaintiff Kl&nder brought this action on the 
case against the defend&nt Cohn, in the Superior Oourt of 
Oook County, to recover damages for Injuries received when 
he was struck by an automobile being driven by one in the 
defendant's employ. The issues were submitted to a 

Jury, resulting in a verdict for the plaintiff and a judg- 
nent against the defendant, in the sum of #7,500. From that 
judgaent the defencJant hsa perfected this appeal* 

Only two points are urged here. First, that the 
verdict and judgment are against the manifest weight of the 
evidence on the issue of contributory negligence, and seoond, 
that the argument presented to the jury by cotmsel for the 
plaintiff was improper and prejudicial* 

The accident in which the plaintiff received the 
injuries involved in this case took place about 10 o'clock 
on an evening in July, 1923, on Irving Park Boulevard in the 
Ctty of Chicago* That street runs east and west and is some- 
what wider than the average city street at the point where 
this accident happened. It contains a double track street 
oar line. The plaintiff boarded a westbound street oar at 



sons - 88C 

( 

MOfii OAl*?*?.' ( 

( 

( 

( 

9rf* no aoiiXiB eint j-rigaotcf teJba^iJI l:1ti#sJt8l<j 9rfT 
9»1J at 9H0 t<* «s»viTb 3fil«<i Biid^is^otiM »A -^cf ioxfita «*» 9d 

9rii- fsAt ,?»■:- . vff fioyjiu ^16 stfnxocr owt xlcsO 
ffrfj "io t«%i9^ ^eslinBHi eriJ *8ni.^fi 9t« ^asaQjEttr^ bfoi tolbxe'9 
fcinoo9E5 f>j3£ «90£[3giX3»fl x^ctyo'iT^aoo lo »i/8«i eri^ no sonsblva 

• iBiolbutsrcq hfls lacfOT^e'.Jt •«« Tittnlslq 

atoolo'o 01 fiM^s 9o«Iq ioot saao siHzT al burlorni uuirulni 

ariif Hi bxxvelvoii jfT^q aai^^I no .SSex ^xIjX, ni ^aias-n b» no 

•«soa ei &«» #a»«r ens crs.ea auut tasT^a i'A.-fT .ogJioiriO Uo t*tO 

*9«^*a :io«:r* alrftrofe « gm^^, .J83n9oq«rf tnsfclooB aid* 



-2- 



the oorner of Hoyne avenue, a north and south street Inter- 
•eoting the boulevard at ri^ht angLea* The next intersecting 
street to the west is Leavitt street* Midway between Hoyne 
avenue and Leavitt street another north and south street 
known as Hamilton avenue extends from the boulevard south 
but not north* The car which the plaintiff boarded was 
crowded and he stood on the step of the rear platform^ Shortly 
after the car left Hoyne avenue, the plaintiff's straw hat 
blew off and at his request the oonductor stopped the car 
at the corner of L«avltt street where the plaintiff got 
off and the car went on. The plaintiff then started back 
to find his hat, running at what the witnesses generally 
described as a "dog trot," direotly east in the north road- 
way of the boulevard, a foot or so north of the westbotind 
street oar track. About this time two automobiles were 
being driven west in Irving Park Boulevard, in that roadway. 
One of these westbound automobiles, to which we shall refer 
as the south car» was being driven near the street oar 
track* several witnesses sa, that it was within the west- 
bound track or straddling the north rail of that track. It 
would seem that the one in the best position to state just 
where that oar was being driven was the witness Lunkes who 
was driving that car« He testified th4t his left wheels 
were a foot or so outside of the north rail of the westbound 
traok. The other westbound automobile^ to which we shall 
refer 4» the north oar, was being driven over near the north 
curb. That oar was being driven by one Ciamage. and he had 
two brothers with him In the car, one sitting at his ri^t 
on the front seat and the other on a rear seat. The drivers 
of both the westbound automobiles saw the plaintiff's hat 



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aiavitfc edT .^Jias sjs®^ a ao T»rf*© ad* btm t«aa facrtl ad# no 

*«d a«ni*nisXq ad* wm salirfoaotwa i>atsodie9m. 9(it dtod lo 



-3- 

blow off and fall into tfe« street, and they both slowed up. 
The south car had been obliged to atop at Hoyn© avenue, by 
reaion of the stopping of the street car at that intereeotion 
and it started up when the street car left that point. It 
does not ajj.'ear thit the other car had stopped at the inter- 
section. It seems from the evidence that as Lunkes was slow- 
ing up, the north oar came along and passed the south oar 
and oame to a stop where the hat was lying, and damage's 
brother who was sitting in the rear seat of that car got out 
and picked the hat up and then got back in the north car. 
Both westbound automobiles tJien drove on for a distance of 
about 3GC feet, ftt a comparatively slow epeed« Ths testi- 
mony of substantially all the occurrence witnesses was to 
the effect that as the plaintiff came back along the street, 
looking for his hat, he was directly in front of ths path 
of the south car which Lunkes was driving. The drivers 
of both cars saw the plaintiff from the time he got off 
ths oar until the accident happened. He came back along 
ths street irntil he was within a few feet of the front «nd 
of Lunkerf car. About that time, according to the decided 
preponderance of the testimony, both these cars had come 
to a stsmdstill. They were about opposite one another; and 
Lunkes tsstif ied that if Hamilton avenue had extended across 
Irving Park Boulevard he would have be'n at aboirt the east 
crosswalk of that street. The plaintiff testified that as 
he started back after his hat he did not notice anything 
coming toward him at first, but as he got near Hamilton 
avenue he saw "some machines* coming toward him. One of 
them, apparently referring to the south car, he said was 
coming "pretty closs", and he held out his hand and ar lied 



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SaoX« 3l©»cr ©ttMO) 9H .jfefaaf^qqarf tirnhxao* tiil^ li^m/ ijso eilt 
bag, S-i!fOT>- «ilif lo *s>»l ws" itau :Sa^^^tB Qdi 

twioc bAd «r£jso »s«>£(i^ ri;fe<^ ,Xi2Qasl5^«»;^ ntM to m>a4i>t9fottoq9t% 

as iadt bailie a&t tlitaiiHq 9rff .tfsjt^a -^Md^ 'io iX«wa«OTO 
lo »iiO ,ffiXd .bTfiWot gaiae© ««aaiiioja« f»«Koa*' was ed »t»flav« 

fc^XIfo i5«^ fcn^.^ Po. ^.o ,. ^.o--;.. Y*#H^q« gXjilEOO 



-4- 

out that h# had lost his hat arifuid there somewhere. At that 
xoaent) as already stated, both northbound automobiles had 
come toaa stop, according to the preponderance of the testi- 
aonyj the plaintiff had either come to a atop also or sub- 
stantially so, and had reached a point directly in front of 
the south oar and a few feet from it, when he heard someone 
call out "Here is your hat". Turning in the direction from 
which these words had come, whiidi was to the northeast, to«" 
ward the curb, he saw the nocrth <»r standing there with one 
of the damage brothers holding his hat toward him from the 
rear part of the car. The plaintiff testified that the lights 
on the south car were burning brightly and that it was only 
after he heard someone call from his left, "Here is your hat," 
that he noticed the north car standing near the c\irb« He 
then started in that direction to get his hat« When he had 
walked a few fleet, ■• some witnesses say more and sons say less,- 
he was struck by the defendant's car, which was being driven 
west in the north roadway of the boulevard. It passed between 
the two standing automobiles, struck the plaintiff and inflicted 
the in^xiries which are the basis of this action. The defend- 
ant's chauffeur testified that he was driving 13 or 14 miles an 
hour and that his car did not go more than 5 feet after striking 
the plaintiff, A brother-in-law of the defendant was riding 
In the c»r at the time and he gave testimony tending to cor- 
roborate the chauffeur. On the other hand» witnesses for 
the plaintiff testified that the car was being driven at a 
speed varying from 25 to 40 miles an hour, and the distances, 
given by these witnesses, which the car traveled after strik- 
ing the plaintiff and before coming to a stop, varied from 15 
to 50 feet. It is admitted that no imrning signal was given 



-cfw8 ic osXs «jo;te » oi »iaoo i»£i[*x9 bjsrf tli^niJsXg »dt jtnow 
Y© ?iiOT:1k cJt ijX#os»T:ifc tsioq « l>ados87 fead bnn ,oa xXIsifflJS^J'a 

-" 4^3jj»ilJrtofl srft^ o* esw ffeirfw ^©fiCfo Jfe«if eJbtow »89Xf* doi/lw 

*f«* ao-it Klri I)t:jewo* Jjsrf sld galfelGrf a-safftotsr agjaaBiilD 9rf;f Ito 

ea-rij^i:! art* #«rf# ftsltitsst ttlteialg ArfP .ti!o 9rft to .ttfiq r&^t 

^fifo «pw ti ^«J» btna x^^^i-'^^ ^alntit^ 9t«ir i«> Afvoe sri* CO 

8»*sirf mrot 9t «r9H* t^lfeX aid ssott II®o 9Koseo« fci«s>rf ©rf latla 

9H *^iuuo Ofld ijsafl giniJbajeJe t«5 rfJiterft titf^ l2»oi^oxi srf tacit 

aaYiifi S0i»^ ajar rfol.dw «ijbb g»*«sfca9l»fe ©d* ■'j^ ioJtrrre e«w »ri 

fe^tolXlfll bus I'i it alaiq sdt iocrt#8 »»aXXcrojao;j-03 gnUbfls^B o-k^ wnSi 

-*fls"5:si. ®f{T .flOi*o« «iriJ Ito 6l«£ic arff sub thldn Bnitulnt Bdt 

am 9»Um ^X to SI gcirXiA saw 9rf *jsrtt fe»i1:i*»?»* xualtuarfo 8<ta« 

jxiiiliJa Td^liJ cl-»«1: g ixs.lj mom (% iosi btb lao Bid tBtit bw& xuoii 

-•:£oo o* ■s,nihti^t Xflo«iJ^8»* avs^ arf Si3*t wait 9f.'* Jfl iJto *f» Ri 

« *« fl»vlxi> Siisitd »«w Tso 9d# i^^jf^f i)Qi"iX;t8Q3- 'S:li;ffli;J9;Xq arf* 
«a»oa«^8il!) ©n* b/i« tiifOdf na e»lim 0* oj SS ■otl; gnixTfiv &»9q-a 



-5- 

of the approadi of the defendant *8 car, Lunkes and the 
Olaiaage brothers testified t'iB t the first intimation they 
had of the approach of the defendant's oar was when they heard 
the screech of the brakes, just before it passed in between 
their cars and struck the plaintiff. 

The plaintiff testified that after he heard soae- 
one say« "Here is your hat,** he took only a few steps before 
being struck; but he also said he thought the right fender 
of the defendant's car was the part that hit him. The drivef 
of the BOOBth oar testified that the plaintiff was just about 
to taks his hat n^en he was struck* - "he was reaching out 
to get his hat," This witness also testified that he thou^t 
it was the biutper that struck the plaintiff* 

The witneeses fllff er as to the distance between 
the two standingoars at the time the defendant's car passed 
between them and struck the plaintiffl* One of the Olamage 
brothers said there was "just enou^ room" between the oars 
to permit another to pass. Another ons of these brothers 
said the distance was ei^t or ten feet. The defendant's 
driver said there was two feet between his car and the south 
oar and three feet between his oar and the north oar as he 
passed between them. The plaintiff said that as he heard 
the call from the north <»r, and started over to get his hat, 
" I looked and I didn't see no other car,** He also said 
that the epace between the two standing cars, "looked to 
me tt was impossible for a oar to go throu^," He said he 
did not see the defen^lant's car until it was three or four 
feet from him. He was then asked; "So you do not know 
where it came from, do you?" and he answered, "I don't 



bT»B(i \9fii H8ilw 8«ir T-so a • *aJSfcfl« l^i^i 3rf>^ ^o rfoisoaqqis arts' Id jb«fi 
a99wjr»cf Hi: 5i»as^<3 H srelacf ^swt ,8»»3lfiitj »rf;f to rios©io« sri* 

t^rirh arft ,»irf l-lri #««(* tf-^aq *(i;^ e^sw ^^ s'tuafciis't^rfj 9rf3 1:o 
^To jnl'iai'fet ajsw sd" « ^^mite a^w 9d ««rfw #sri aid d;^*^ oil- 

eiao ©fit iX95«'J«rCl •*Koo'.t u ■-•^.as Jaifj, " s-sw d<r»riif j&Ijm aiarftotcf 

titi!09 9 lit bB& too Sid ti»9wi9<i *99l ov# 8^s« »i9if* bis6 i9rtrb 
erf a« Tso dt'soa ®<it bn£ xao «iri n99W#»d ^«d^ »©nifct J&na tbo 

t-tBS 06l<^ 9H ''♦SQO t9d^o cn 939 *»ajbifc X ba^. b»loo£ I » 
o* £)«3CocX* tsaao ,?,rfiftn«jf« ow* ©rf^ a99w;fad 90Mq& ftdt t^cit 

>rtr* isw fl Ittm too a^inmbrnJab ddi mn foa tXb 
wofti *oft ft6 0OX ««• if>9j[aa a«rfjr «.»» »h *fai/t .ort (fssl 



know where it oould eoaie from,* 

Tlie 4efenoant»8 drirer and hlg brother- in- law were 
the only witnesses who gave any testimony on the course taken 
by his car Just before the accident. The driver was not en- 
tirely consistent in what he said on this subject* He testi- 
fied that the south oar was in the tracks, and he was driving 
in the roadway and north of the car in the tracks. On cross- 
examination he testified that he was not driving directly 

back of the south car, but two or three feet to the side 
of that oar. He was then asked; "Well, part of your laachine 
«as back of hi. wasa't it?" His answer was: "Af*«l »« ^^^ 
crossed Hoyne avenue, yes sir," The next few questions aad 
answers were to the effect that as he followed the south 
oar after leaving Hoyne avenue, part of tbe defeni^ant's car 
was back of the south oar. The defendant! s driver testified 
that the south oar had not stooped but was still moving when 
the plaintiff "jumped out in front of him." He was then 
asked when he drove his machine to the north, and he said he 
didnU turn it to the north. He w s then asked how he oould 
pass the machine that was ahead of him and he answered, "well, 
I was along side of him,» He was asked if he hadn»t stated 
that patt of hie machine was back of the other one and he 
said it wae, -at one time," and be then added, "iffi until the 
time we crossed Hoyne avenue," Then this subject wae gone 
over again and he stated that the defendantts car never was at 
any time back of t.e other car,- "I was along side of hi. 
going side by side from the time we left Hoyne avenue. My 
front wheels were about at his rear door,« 

It was for the jury to say, on all this evidence 



-na *ofl 8«*' xovl^b SffF ..ffl^J^if^oa aij;r stelW #«»[, <«» eiri ^tf 

SHivlTD e^w 0rf fcns ^aasisxj a-j ax a^sw -sijo ;1if„G« «rft t^df b9n 
-*eo*o no »b:(o«t* 9dt at t^ arft 1ft if^TOn bajg x«rJbAoa f»r.t ni 

■ ' ■ ■ 'oa »flj To aloflrf t 

«« ,.,„*«.Ui, ,„, t„ ,,», .^„,„ ,„^^^ ^^^^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^ 
«* 8«iT» -li,. .« ,„« ^^,^,, ^^ ^^ ^^ _^^^^ ^^^ ^^_^^ 

bttMs *>asj,rf art ti fc,^ , 



-7» 



Aether, in their opinion, th« plaintiff was guilty of negli- 
gence wtoich proximately contributed to the injuries h« re* 
ceived* It has been held in a number of oases that it may 
not be eaid to be negligence per se for one to pass over a 
traffic crossing witiiout looking. The question presented 
in such situations is whether oiroxmstanoes were present 
whidi mi^t reasonably be said to excuse the failure to look^ 
In the case at bar the plaintiff saya he did look but he 
did not see anything approaching. It might be conceded that 
the plaintiff was careless when he left the street oar and 
deliberately r«.n back in the roadway pf the boulevard against 
the line of traffic, although he saw the lights of an auto- 
mobile approaching. But that sitxiation of danger did liot 
result in his injury. The driver of the south car came to a 
stop, according to the decided weight of the evidence, and as 
the plaintiff stood o» was walking within a few feet of the 
fro^t of that oar and when he heard someone call, from the 
north side of the roadway, "Here is your hat," he was not 
in danger. It would seem that the question of whether the 
plaintiff was guilty of negligence proximately contributing 
to his injury, must be judged by what happened after that 
time. After a careful consideration of all the evidence in 
this record, we are of the opinion that this court may not 
reasonably say that the conclusion which the jury reached on 
thi. question was against the manifest weight of the evidence. 
In other word, we believe that there are circumstance, dis- 
clced by this evidence which mi.ht reasonably be said to 
have ex<msed the plaintiff in hie failure to observe the con- 
diti >n of the traffic, so as to avoid being struck. He was 
m the glare of the lights of the south car. He suddenly 



•f- 



-r-f'c srf sdixjwtxtl 9.i;t ot bBitsetrtnco xl9^aaUxorq rioiffc Aoasj 

s %9V0 »8*qL c* 8fic tot 9fi T3£ dontj^il^sii 9<J oJ- l>iJ88 ©d ton 

&aja»8a"iq acWesi/p sdT .SHiaooi tiroi&lw gflissoto oit1:«T# 

*a»«.st(f »i6w BsonMsts/iayotlo Trarf*»/iw ai «floi*tor*ia thue at 

,.iooJ o* rt-£jyitst 9!ii ©si;ox9 ei- Jbl«a 9<S xI^-^^oba^x mgta ckitOtr 

.id iff<i jtooX feJtJb Sri at«8 tli^ataXq «ii# ««tf ts es4»9 9rf* uI 

tjBffcr fe^d©fioo 9<i to-^lir tl ^■gatdose%qqA ^atiiix^^ »98 tfofi fcifc 

t«ii.^«3M> hTJt^v^lxjod «^jf t® \tJ3«b^©'i . Msfi am. Tei»MT.9sflX©& 

«9tfii8 a* t© eiJ^c^il arijr w«a sxi ii:^ueMU ^plttsx;^ lo anil ©fij- 

«ricr lo #99l- w»i a iiirf^i,, ;|fiiXX«w &«« so 6oo#8 nx^aieXq Bdt 

ion sm 9x1 \tnd xL'o^ a; a«^fe»ot 9ri*_to,|dlia dt%qa 

3«i?i;cfitr*ffoo lX»;^*ff,ir.<wq Somalia*^ I© ^fXixi^ tm nttai^lq 

fli ^oaetivs 0d* xxfi io isoi^^sfcXaoGo Xs/lstao b x^tU- .emit 
tmH Y*«a truoo 8Xrf# ;rsd;f floX«iq« arft lo 9^3 9* .fciooa^c 8irf;f 

.«0«e.hXV8 Sd^ 10 .*^i«W #a«lii«.. 9rf* t^at^^ ^^ .T0.t*83i.p «irf* 

-«oo ... erT««cfo a. 8..Xx^t «xn «i nx^nXaXcj 8d;r t.suox, ..ad 

«i«r 9H .:«oxrr.*e a«X8tf bXcy« o^r «s 08 .oXn^T* «ri;^ to «. XtXD 

XXflsbbaa m .r»o n,uc. ,at 10 ,td^tl ^,, to w*X^ «ri^ «i 



heard the oall from th« side of the roadway, - "Here is 
yoxjr hat>" aad upon lookihg in that direction he aaw the 
north oar, from which a passenger in the rear seat wae 
holding out Ills hat. Both these cars were in the north 
roadway at a stand-still, according to the greater weight 
of the evidence. The question of the space between these 
two standing cars and the position of the defendant «s car, 
as it was cosing from the east, is not entirely elear* 
T>,s evidence is to the ef fee* that the two oars that were 
standing in the roadway were about opposite the east cross- 
walk of Hamilton avenue. As we said in glliott v » Tranael. 
227 111, App. 359, qtJOting from Stack v. East St« Louis & 
Suburban Ry. Co., 245 IH, 308, «It was impossible for him 
(plaintiff) by the exercise of a sufficiently high degree 
of care, to so discover the eastbound oar and not have got 
in its way. He had, however, a right to rely upon his sense 
of hearing as well as of sight and to expect the appellant, 
in running its oar past another oar, stopped for the dis- 
charge of passengers, to give warning and observe the ordinr- 
anoe of the city in respect to speed, While the nffgligence of 
the appellant did not relieve the deceased from the necessity 
of exercising care for his own safety, it is to be considered 
in determining whether bis conduct was such as an ordinarily 
prudent man might have adopted under the circumstances, and 
that question was properly submitted to the jury.* Applying 
that to the facts presented in the case at bar, we are of 
the opinion that this plaintiff had a ri^^it to rely upon 
his sense of hearing as well as of si^^t and it was for the 
jury to say whether he was guilty of contributory negligence. 



sea sfsa »n' mitomtb iBdt al ^iio&l aoqa ^m "«*j8rf "max 
rf*TEe^T 9fiit fll 9'i.a'-v ST30 ^. ■ "':* -*-' . * "sa sW two gall) Xod 

»Z»9 f&dt »%^Q Q'Sft 9ft* ,t«rf**09l:'»:» 3d# 0# »i 90U»i)IV9 ®^ 

4 giu-eg «if3 J-ajB-I ,T io<8»8 ao-xt gui^eiip ,©aS *tiqA .iXX V88 
fiEi^ -sol: ©I'tfisaocrafi «sw *I* ,806 ,1 Jl aM.,,e© .^ fljstfut/dae 

«^£eXX9<:;£^js 94# ;fa»«;xd o;t bsm ti^is ie a.<$ IXaw «« $£i7£9ii lo 

**t^ •«!* rot b9qqot6 ^i.m i^iJ^onjs tfitsq t.iSO as-i aatciiont ai 

-e^-KC griit «Tx»e€?© te« gniinc«w ©Tig o?r »ai»:giiee«jBQ to aqgx^do 

1© ms^tll^si ■»(<.$ »Ii4«f »&a»qja ot tosqa»t ^i ^ji© ®d* to Qoax 

ttieia«Qen »{!ft 0011;^ l>»8JSee&l> Bdt «vaiXe>i: ^foa^lib ^AaXXecrq^ odiit 

fetiaJbisaoo «»a «* ax *1 4,X*9i«» owe eirf Tot »i«o ^alMiot^r.^ to 

■^XixaaiiJte ha eit d&UB e«w *o*rfe«oo «iri «t*il*adw gjaiaiasuaJat ai 

to »T« »» t««cf ta ©aao od* ai Jb»*n9»9xq atost »4^ o-j isdi 
&&t 7C1: SBW ;ri boB te^ifi I9 ba Xl9« «« s^X^iserf to 9»a99 eXd 



-9- 

tinder all the ciroiuHStancea shown by the evidence, it being 
conceded that no warning signal was given and that nothing 
«aa heard of the approach of defendant's car until the screech 
of the brakes when it was a few feet away from the plaintiff* 
One element to r the consideration of the jury in this coxmeo- 
tion was whether the plaintiff was reasonably justified ia 
bis thou^t that there was not room enough for another car 
to come in between the two standing oars, or whether if, 
in tbe opinion of the jixry, the evidence shows there was 
sufficient room for another caor to pass, the plaintiff mi^t 
•Tsn then be considered as exercising a reasonable degree of 
oaxo for liis own safety when all the other facts wete taken 
into consideration, such as, for example, the fact that 
the two (»r8 which had come to a stop were at or about the 
east eroeswalk of Hamilton avenue, #ien, in the view of the 
jury, it might reasonably be assumed by the plaintiff that 
the driver of any other vehicle coming; up from the east, 
would observe ordinary care and either come to a stop himself 
or if he attempted to pauas by the two standing care, under 
such circumstances, would do so with his vehicle under con- 
trol, or at least would not be guilty of such negligence ab 
the jury would be justified in believing was the case from 
the evidence presented* 

the contention of the defendant relating to the 
argument presented to the jury by oounselfor the plaintiff 
Is twofold* First, that part of the argument Is complained of 
wherein counsel made reference to the defendant's nationality* 
and second. It is ooaplRined that counsel's argument was 
Inflaarmatory, in tiat it was to the effect that plaintiff's 



iialdton tBd^ has n^vl-, ,8bw Isugle SJ^ina-sw ca st^rit fosJbsofltoo 

♦ tUJcxfiXq arfit ffio-rl yjbw* t»«l r?Bt a bjbw ;?! wa^lw •9:tf«i:<l sri* t» 

ax b9ifif#ewt tX^^ncsa-^^ aw^ tUhhisisIt d.tsj-fs? ejiw noitf 

TCK) ifSifJooB Tol cl'.yoii® aco^ ton as« M:ei. :*t^jox!* Bid 

saw 9i-9rfJ- 8v?orifj TOixst-ltrs -:jrij tV^t ^"^^ ^^ aotaiqo ^dt til 

i:»>!i3* «*»w Bto-s"^ •• v>rit IXis xisiiw ir*»t»s ir.jo eiii xol siflo 

Td^fljw «a*x«8 gflibnisi-e cw* ^rf^ ^^ ewq o* b9*qK9#*a od li to 
-BOO T9bau •loidsv eirf diiyn o€ ofi felwow ^aaofTjstaauiOTjto rfotie 
a« •ouasiXgsn rioije to iSlisj^ scf Jon JbXuow *a.«9i tm to flori 

«ct1 ©8B0 9rf* aa» sciTalXetf xrl jbsitid-8i-t 9(i JbXuow x^^t 9^* 

«fes*£t9e»Tq 90££9j&lr9 ad* 

to bscifiXqaiea ei tflWiBMST* »rf# to #iaq #erf^ ,tBtit .JbXotow* al 
««w i-rt^afsjjjta a*Xaam»©o t»&i ^aai/sXtjiao© ei *i «toooaa bae 



-10- 



"▼ery life" was at stake; that the case was about to pass 
into the hands of the jurors for a final determination of 
whether the plaintiff "shall walk out of t' is courtroom with 
oofflpensation for the very, very serious injury that he has 
sustained or whether he shoiild leave this oourtroos without 
a niokle and you should consent to acquit the defendant in 
this case* * * * j say to you that yon know this sb» is 
placing his very future and his very life in your hands." 

As to the first point urged against oo\msel<s 
closing argument, it is urged that an attempt was being 
mads to direct the attention of the jury to the fact of 
the defendant's nationality and "endeavor by subtle means 
to use that faot against him«" As a general rule, it is 
best to avoid all reference to the question of nationality 
of either of the parties to a law suit* We are of the 
opinion, however, that it may not reasonably be said that 
counsel for the plaintiff by rh&X he said, was endeavoring 
to prejudice the jurors against the defendant because 
Of his nationality. In this connection it may not be 
amiss to observe that counsel who made the argument against 
which this contention is made was himself of the same nation- 
alfcty. What it would seem, from our examination of the 
argument, as it appearsin the record, counsel was saying 
tto the jury was that the three witnesses, the brothers 
in the north oar, who had come to testify for the plaintiff 
and against the defendant, could not be said to be over 
cealous in the stories they had told in the plaintiff's 
behalf, because they were of the defendant's nationality. 



8i itJM sirfj wofii- iJO\; t^di ucx oJt XA» I * ^ " ..MjBQ eiil* 
»,fefeii«ri Ti^'oif fli »lii Y^fw eiii boa sij/d-v:: \'J3v ^^in goioaiq 

B»X»s«i;oo ;+8/ii-«s6 -'bs^'^w Jaioq *ei:ll «if* ojf sA 

9dt to 9in aW ♦txjjs »sX « ©tf- «oi*t«q sd^ to a»d;fXs lo 

galtiovfiabaa esw ^blsB ad tsi^ \d ^^itatslq Sidt to% Xwbouoo 

«cf *on Y«8! tx aoift>9aaoo »l(it al »xtiX«»Toi:*fia air' to 

»£i* lo iroi*AiiJ;a!,6x» tuo tttoxt ^areea Mi/rw *i indft »x^&Ie 

Btsrftotcf srf;f sseas'sati:'* »aTilif 9d:f j|-.srf.t 8«v ^^ sd* W 

lli^al^j. .ol ijtiia^i- ot R£BOD hjsri orfw exao rf;fTOii •rf* al 

tavo «d ot bl&a 5u ,*«jsbfl9l56 »if* #»fli;^4B bas 

sniliaiafM ^lU at feXot hmi y*rf.t e«l'roi8 sil* al «uoX«»» 



-li- 



ne find difficulty in seeing in sucto an argxisent any effort 
to arouse -ttie jurors against the defendant because of Hit 
nationality* 

As to the second point urged against the argiuaent 

presented by plaintiff's oounsel, we would aay that in our 

opinion^ no such argument should have been made4 It was 

quite oontiary to the fact, for plaintiff's life was not at 

stake and he was not putting hie life in the juror's hands. 

Counsel should have limited himself to the questions whicto 

were really for the jury to consider and decide. This w^m 

quite apparently an eti;empt to arouse the sympathy of the 

jury, by extending the subject aatfeer which was being placed 

in their hands for decision, beyond a point warranted by the 

facts. However, It is equally apparent that the attempt 

did not succeed for it coul^ not reasonably be said, in view 

of the very serious injuries received by this plaintiff, as 

a J * 4.>»«^ In awarding hi» damages 
a result of this accident, tha- in awaraa-ug 

a»o..tlu« to J7.500. *. 3UX, haO .»n un.ulr in^la^ed b, 
any im-roper .rgunent. If th« Jury xeaohei the ooncluelon. 
IPO. th. .^Idenc m the record, that the defendant', driver 
™. guilty of negllg.no.. (and the contrary ts not oont.na.d 
here) and that th. plaintiff .a. not guUty of .uoh n.gllgenoe 
„ proxl«t.ly oontrlbufd to hi. Injury, (and a. aboy. .tat.d. 
« do not f..l th. T.rdlot may reaaonaWy be .aid to b. agalnat 
th. «anlfe.t -.iKht of *. evidence on that l.BU.) the« -a. 
.„ple rea.on to b. found In the evidence relating to th, 
plaintiff., mjurl.. to «™nt the a.ses.,ent of da.u.ge. at the 
amount fixed by th. jury, without th. jury being lu any way 
affected, to the d.fen-.ant.. prejudice, by anything plaintiff. 
coun..l ma, bav. .aid In .rtiat ma, be co.,.l<lered hi, over- 



--w 



tasiryaT* srf* ?«Hi.B5?,« Seg^i/ Jaloq l)fioo»3 &Ai ojf aA 

*« ton &^ ^^11 8«m*fli*Ig Tol «^^o«t sti^ ct xxuntaov e^tup 

*».&Ei43d eitQ^ul adj si stli »iri ^al.ttaq #o« «j«?t erf M« mAatm 

£ioidv uaoitBBiJip 9(^f ot lX»ai£id b9ttmil 5»v«rf Jbluoila Ifteoi/oO 

9d# tGf fco*it«TT©w s^ffio^ & baox»<f *Uoi8lo9fc «ol abaarf -xtaiit nt 

w»iT si ,51^8 ©d u^sao^mr foa Sluoo ti ro^ fteooox/a ioa bib 
•• ,lli#iii«Iq eirij ^tf fe8Fij»8»t 8»it0tflJ; 9i/oit»a xt&v Bdt io 

,no2«tflofloo »dif fc»rio«o^ X^^ srf^f jx ,ta^ists^%» rBqotqai xa» 

•0«»8iX38n .fex/a ^o ^JXiug #on e^v ItJttniAlq sd* tzrlt btt£ (sasd 
»i)»*«*8 9vo!:f« s& bOM) ^xtulal aid o^ bi>Us^lttnoo xlBismlxoxq m 

Mir jnsrfjf (taaai *£ri* no 9o«s.bivo srft lo ^rl^is* *9alin«iB 9rf# 
"-i-iVQ Biff hwsbXpaoo ««r YA» *«rfw nl Dl«a aTJiif x«a Xseauoo 



sealousnaas to impress the jury with the aeriousnesB of 
the plaintiff's situation. 

For the reasons we have given, the judgment of 
the Superior Court is affinaed* 

JUDGMEMT AiTIRMSI), 

tAYLOR, P.J. OOKOURS; 
O'CONNOR, J, Dl8SENTlKa: 

In my opinion there should have been a directed 
verdict for the defendant as requestedt All of the evidence 
shows that plaintiff was injured as the result of bis own 
negligence. The two cases cited in the •aajority opinion 
as sustaining the contention that the question of whether 
the plaintiff was guilty of negligence, was a question for 
thejxiry, are in my opinion, in no way apt* The facts ars 
entirely dissimilar » 

In Elliott V. Trandel . 227 111. App, 359, a boy 
alighted from a standing street car which had stopoed at a 
regular street crossing to discharge passengers. He passed 
around the rear end of the car on his way across the street 
and was struck by an eutosobile traveling in the opposite 
direction in the ^parallel street car track, 

la the case of Stack v. East 9t. Louis Ry« Co .. 
146 111, S08, a person alighted from a street car which had 
•topped to discharge passengers, passed around the rear end 
of the car and was struck by another street car running on 
a parallel track in the opposite direction. It is obvious 






:DKIf«a8«ia ♦!, ,HOSIKOO*0 

XOd c (fees .oqA ►Hi V£S t Xgfcflg^T ♦v ttolJia ai 

*&9T*« 9rf* asoios x-»« eid ao -xjso 9dt to £mi» rtissrt »d* bruueic^i 
.ioB-i* Tso *9!»Tte UllaiMq^ 9t(f at noltt^tlb 

Jb«ri rfoiflw lao s"'©»T^» « icoi^^ fcarfii^ile noeasq .€ ,80S ,1x1 S^S 

flc gxiiitnoi 'x.-^f^ .+ ^9T#a ta^oa* x^ afoar^re «jBtf b/iH x«o •At lo 
Ruclvdo Bx , }ir>9rib 9*l-r.,-rr. -rf^ „i ^.jb^j X§XX«"Mq Jl 



-13* 

that the facts in those cases are in no iray similar to the 
facts in the ease at bax« 



% 



so - 31140 ^ - - -^ « ^ ^ «W^ 



244I.A. 633 



C, A, OTIS, W, A. OTIS, S. E. KLINE, ) 

0, S, EATON, M. C* HARNEY, RICHARD 
INGrLIS, Oo-*partnera doing business 
as C« A. OTIS & CO., 



CHARLES T. KNAPP, 



Plain tiffe in Error, ) ERROR TO 

) CIRCUIT ODITRT, 
COOK OOTJNTY, 



Defendant in Error. ) 

Opinion filed ifei'cfe 2, 1927* 

Ifil, JUSTICE THOMSON delirered the opinion of 
the court « 

The plaintiff partnership brought this action 
to recover an amo nt claimed to be due from the defendant 
Knapp on a subscription for certain shares of corporate 
stock, pursuant to an agreement with certain other parties 
who, with the defenda.nt, entered into a syndicate to deal 
in this stock, with the plaintiffs as uanagers of the 
syndicate. The case was originally instituted against 
"Charles T« Knapp, personally and as successor to Charles 
T» Knapp & Oo*» a corporation, and as a co-partnership," 
During the trial the plaintiffs, by leave of court, amended 
the praecipe, summons and declaration by striking out the 
words, "as successor to Charles T. Knapp & Oo«, a corporation 
and as a co-partnership." At the close of the plaintiffs' 
case the court gave the jury a peremptory instruction to find 
the issues for the defendant. A verdict to that effect being 
returned, judgment was entered accordingly, and the plainr- 
tlffs have brou^t the case to this court on writ of error. 



Q^llS ~ OS 

"" 1. 1. 2 

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( t.OO J*. aiTO .A «D BJ3 



TIIJOHID ( 



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tri»i5fl9l9b Qd& moif. sub sd od- bBmi£lo *fl obmb hb i»voo»t ot 

ft#«aoqioo lo ssTarfiB iiiisJ^ao rtol; 0oi?qito«tfu« a flo qqfixi2 

aei'i'tjsq laii&o aiafts^ dtJt^ criiSiisssiSiS na o>t ta&ssBruq ,;Sood'e 

aalrtBdO o# Toaeeooifs aw? Jbns xllj&aoBr^q ^qqaiil *T eelajBriD " 
"#qiff8TS/3S-rrj5q-oc b 6a bns ^noi'iBtoq'iOO « «,oO Jl qqjBoS «T 

nol^arroq-too s t«oO * qq«03[ .T asli.6r(0 o* ^caseoowa 8«* ^a&icow 

•ellid-nislq edif lo »aoIo arii- #A '»iqi:ria'E9isti«q««0o A bjs bnB 

fcnil oJ aoitoisxtBai Y^o*q.s®X'Siq £ '^prxf^ sd;^ 9vssf% izitoo ad* at«o 

»tQTr9 "io Jiiw fio rf-rtroe aid* o* ®s«o sd* S'i^i/orccf «v«d alttit 



— 3"i" 

The evidence Bubaittcd In behalf of the plaintiffs 
shoved that they were a co-partnership and were the managers 
of a syndicate relating to the common stock of a corporation 
known as the Producers B^ Refiners Corporation, Those who 
•ntered into the syndicate joined in signing a syndicate 
agreement covering the amount of stook which each was to take* 
Under date of January 15, 1930, the plaintiffs received a 
letter signed "Charles T. Knapp & Company" in which the 
writer stated that they had signed the syndicate agreement 
and were enclosing a duplicate copy thereof, showing their 
•ubeoription for $35,000 par value of the common stock 
of the Producers A Refiners Corporation, On Maxch 18, 1920, 
the corporation known as the CSfcucrles T* i^app & Company, was 
dissolved* A certificate of the dissolution of the corpora- 
tion was introduced in evidence* 

Under date of l^roh 30, 1930» shortly after the 
dissolution of the corporation, -ttie plaintiffs received another 
letter signed by Knapp personally acknowledging receipt of a 
letter from the plaintiffs, stating that the stock sjrndicatc 
had expired on April 1, and that it had been decided to dissolve 
the syndicate at that time, and requesting Knapp to take up their 
participation in the syndicate. In this letter Knapp went on 
to say, "We have been endeavoring to arrange for a bank loan 
which will enable us to carry this stock for a period, but 
have found it totally impossible to do so * • * We can see 
no possibility of taking up our participation at "ttiis time, 
though If the stook oan be carried for a reasonable time 
until we can get some of our other commitments out of the way 
we will be glad to take care of this,** 



aisssfi-sffi 9rf* 3"^^" bRa qici9V9atrmi"00 a »a»w fsitit iadi isswoxia 

ofiw saoriT .flol^fi^iogioO sTsaXlsH ■& aTSOi/^ox'j arf* e-s xrwoiial 

9*j?,oifcnxe b -gaiagts at b&alol stBolbaxs srf^ oint b»tBta9 

*«3(«* OS- asw dojss rioidw aloote 'to ♦flLfOitss 9d& -galrevoo ta9mti9Tsa 

d-rE9maeisB ^^soiba^ arf* bsngie barf jBdt .tsrft ibsjaite TS*JtTW 

ixeriit gaiwoiie ^'icstr-^ff* Xl'oo ait^olIqi^A « guiaoloaa aisw fcnjs 

2[oo*8 jtiOKiki. .0 Siilsv 1B5I 000 ^esl Tcol aoi&qltotKSud 

-jR'ioqzoo 9ri* lo aoxrf-wlogaife 9.di to 9t&Q Itltr^o A tberloBslb 

»Boa9S)iV9 al bmtiSJbGt&ni e«ir noli 

« lo JqisosT gai^JbQlwonjJoJE Y-fX*fl08Ttg q.7«fxX y^ fc^ngia tsi-JsI 

9vlo3eib Qt bsbionb a&sd bsd &k &Bd& baie ^l lirqA ao b9riqx» hsd 

tiisii* qis 9ilst o,t qqsdl §ni*8ax/p9i fciSB t«MBit .t«ri* ta »;j-j8oil>nY8 ariit 

flo *n9w qqfljtrX isj-j-sl sxrf* «I ,9tMolbax8 tdi at noiJjsqioiJxsq 

*ircf ,l>oiT:9q p rcot ioote si'fS- x'^J^-so o* ex; Qldano llJtv jfolrfw 

9S8 nso bW ■ * * oa o; .: xssoqjBl ■\cXXj8;?o* Jl itjcorol «v«rf 

teflsi* eirft i-a nci^fjsqioid-i^q ii/o qu ^aJLiLBt lo x^lXlcTieaoq on 

dffii* 91^6068^91 .6 Tol Beixiso acf iijso iootti adi "it dguodi 

XJBw srfif 10 .tuo a.tnsBuMaimoo lari^o tuo ^o daoa *eg xi.eo aw lltttis 

".SXdcT 'to 91.60 9ij3* O^ foBXa 9Cf XXlW 9W 



The evidence of the plaintiffs 8)^owed that a 
number of letters passed between the parties relating to 
this transaction. Under date of April 31, 1920, another 
letter was sent to the plaintiffs, signed, "Charles T, 
Knapp," #iich was in reply to one ?i-ritten by the plaintiffs 
concerning this subscription, in which the writer said 
"out situation has not at all changed since our last letter 
to you* We find it totally impossible to negotiate any 
bank loan at this time* We will be glad to take some 
action in this matter Just as soon as it is humanly possible 
to do so*" In another letter dated May 13, 1920, signed 
"Ctoarles T. Knapp & Co,, per 0»T,E#«, the writer said: 
" I have been absent from "the Oity for some time, * • • ' 
we wtote you sometime before my departure, stating that 
on aooount of unusual banking conditions we found it totally 
Impossible to take up the remainder of our part ioiipat ion in 
the syndicate now« • * • xhe only suggestion that we oan 
offer at the moment is that you figure the balance due on 
our participation after crediting tas with our proportionate 
share of the profits of the syndicate, and that we give you 
our note for the net amount, due eiay in 90 days, you holding 
the stock as collateral." After receiving this letter the 
plaintiffs addressed a letter to "Messrs, Charles T. Knapp Si 
Oom^^any," following the suggestion; in the letter just re- 
ferred to, stating that the amotint due was #15,382*80, and 
enclosing a note to be executed for that amount. Plain- 
tiffs next introduced another letter, signed "Charles T« 
Knapp," acknowledging receipt of a letter from the plaintiffs, 
?rid calling attention to the note which had been sent for 
execution, and in this letter the defendant stated that 



~5- 

s &sd& ftawoo's Bttitalslq &dt 'lo sonsJbivs ariT 
od- ■gaitsl9% 83i:JTr,q ari* nsawjscf beaejuq axa^Tital lo lecfaiun 
tsrlj-oiwB tOSei tlS JiTqA 'io ©*isb TsLnD .,aol&oSBtt»i& Bid* 

SiaaaeJitw edt rioiifiw ni ^aoitqkzoB'JtsB aid* sni:i«»Ojaoo 

i^a**©! tesl zuo 3onie fiesasrlo IIjs &j& ioa ssd ttQUButta iwo" 

xax 9t&itog9a g& alcfissoQBii xlXfitoit ti bail aW *wo-\j oj- 

83t«5W aisJ^ ost~fc.^X'^-e<*-IJf-iw -eW »©aji# exrf* ?s njsol afflaBCf 

§Icfia80cr xlff-Bfflurf 8i *i ss acoa 8s .tau^ n9**«js airf* fli aoll'os 

beagle tOSex ^.^I xsM ^9*sJb %»&iBl t9dicn» rtl "aOB ofi o* 

' * * * ,©mxc CI ^:M0 &cfi ^votI j'nsaflf* a»9Cf •v«j1 I," 

ax iiox*jsq«oi*T«q tuo to isjoiixsmai ariJ qi/ •aUiJ o* ©Icfieaoqaii 

Bso ©w J^jti^ floi*^»«§Sim YXxro &df * * ♦ ^t^^ et«oii)nY« adrf- 

ao ajjfc ©oiiei«d aii* 011/3x1 jjox *«rf-t ei: ^J-itsisoia 9d^ is ts"!!© 

•#anoit!£i5qoaq xt/o d#±w str g^i*ll>9iEo isjM:^ aoit.8qio2«fxaq •X0O 

00^ «vx^ »w jfjsd^ iHflS tStsoiJoitira sdj lo »«Mlo^ 9d3- lo eijsds 

gflifclod o«Y «»YJ5fc oe ni xm ^-"^ t^mioajs *en sri# toI ©d-cra 'ijw 

Sri* xsit'^I 8xd^ Sflivisss'i: rta*lA ^^Xsrts^sxioo ajs Jloote ari* 

;i qq^na .T eeJixwO *ai;aasM" o* ts^^sX s j>9Ss9iibf>« «lliJiTisIq 

-©1 iKul TSjf^fiX Sri* fll ^oi:^^a»8%ji/8 9d& "gatwolleJ: *^^xaz^^ 

b£f» t08*S8S<SX§ bjbw atrb toaiosje ©dl t«d* §«!#«?« ^0# fcerti^l 

-aljBf<? .itfliroifts #«d* icl feetirpexs ecf o* i»3-©n b sisfaoXoa© 

. *T 89XiU8rtO« Jbangia ^selteX ir9d*orf.s fesotffeoid-iji Jxsii etllX? 

,8lli*aisXQ 9d* «o^l TC9#cf»X m lo Jqinosi gfliiJJ^X'son^Iojs w^qqsis]! 

TOl *na® issacf foed d&ldir »*on *d* o* noi^iiafJ-J^ gniXIso btrf^ 

isdi be*j»*a iJ-n^bxislai} ad* i8**9X aid* «1 Jbns ^noljfx/oftxs 



-4- 

he was unable to find tbe letter forwarding the note, 
and he concluded something must have happened to it. 
In this letter he asked the plaintiffs to fiorward a 
duplicate of the letter they had sent enclosing the 
note, together with another note^ "and the matter will 
receive our attention," The proof shows that the 

defendant advised the plaintiffs "that the firip of 
Charles T* Knapp & Co« (an I-ilinois corporation) was 
dissolved and its charter surrendered in March, 1920," 
in a letter signed by the defendant under date of June 
16, 1933, 

The attorney for the plaintiffs testified that 
at a given time and place he had presented a statement 
of the accotint between these parties, to the defendant, 
showing at that time a balance due amounting to $5,281«25» 
It appears that at that time the stock which this syndicate 
had dealt in had been sold and the defendant credited 
with his share of the selling price* The statement of this 
account was also excluded upon objection. In our opinion 
it was admissible* The lawyer for tbe plaintiffs testified 
further to the effect that when he exhibited this account 
to the defendant he asked him whether that was "the account 
between him and Otis & Oo« on the P, & R, stock proposition," 
and he said it was; and further that it was a correct account 
and if he had sixty or ninety days he would pay it. 

The argument submitted by the defendant in support 
4f the judgment appealed from is based on the contention 
"that it was necessary for the plaintiffs to show (generally) 
previous transactions of a monetary character as a founda^ 
tion for the proof of an account stated*" Even on that basis^ 



1:o ^tcil erf* t-erfd-" a^lli-alslq ad? jt/®«i:vi>« Sasbnst^b 
8JSW (nci^jB-coq'tos eiojajclfl ns) *oO ^ qqjsnX ,T eeliSfffi 

,ssex ,ax 

bsiibBio trtsbnsl^b srii bisB Mob assd" b ,531) Jbi?d 

aotntqo %uo al -noitostcfo aoqy f)9£!JL;IoX9 oaX-sj s«w d-izuoooB 
b9ili;t«9J altitctlBlq »rfj lol xe^WAl sdT ♦sXefisaiMus 8«w ;fi 

"^noi^XeoqotEq Soc#8 ,> , ,oO ^ aitO fixti* mlri crasw^scr 

troqq;; .«P:fi»1tQ& ®ri^ xdi(»b9&i l&idus i-aBoi^in 9^1' 

aottnetnoo dd^ ao &«•««( 8X isoil t>«)X<a9qq[fi dii3xssX>i/^ &d& life 

«aXEBd 3-3drf- no H9Ta «'JE>s#«#8 ;tni/ooo« iis lo lootiq 9rf;f xoS floX* 



we are of the opinion that the testimony submitted by the 
plaintiffs was sufficient to make suoh a showing* All the 
argument submitted in 8Upt!©rt of the judgment was based on the 
theory of an aooount stated, whereas the declaration filed by 
the plaintiffs in this case included all the usual common 
counts* 

We are of the opinion the plaintiffs made out 
a prima facie case and the trial court, therefore, erred 
in directing a verdict for the defendant at the close 
of the plaintiffs' proof. 

The judgment of the Circuit Oourt is accordingly 
reversed and the cause is remanded to that court for a 
new trial, 

JUDGMENT REVERSED AND CAUSE REMANDED* 



TAYLOR, P.J.AHD O'CONNOR, J, GOMOURt 



9xtt £10 &9SJ8cf asw Jn3aT<',r;/r ari;!- >o *T®uri/»5 cti: Jba*Jl«cfw8 ^nsfluJsxB 
flosffioo leur .o&l>wIonJ; saso sidt ai sTi It ai&Iq 9dt 

tuo 'At&3i stlicfnxjslM ^(it noxniqo silt to sttu ©W 
Jt-e-- ■ , ot&tsftitt ^tSEOS®; .ia^^d' ^ri* l>a« ©««© s>iog t .gtatag ^ 

."" : »fim*/Ti:j».rc; 91IJ lo 
.X.eixl' 93ix 



*HU0HOD ,L ^5!0a«0D»0 QHA.L.^l ^HOJYAT 



h 1 


/ ':J 


44 - 31156 /r^:*^ 


U 


OKRTWJD» RE ITER, i 




Plaintiff in S^rror, i 

) ERROR TO 


T. 


80PIR10R OOITRT, 


HAROLD J* mifER, 

) 


CSOOI OOlflTY. 


Defendant in Ettot, ) 








OplRloaiFlle% ifenih 3, ISST, 

MR, JUSTICE TKOMSOM delivered th* opinion of 
the court* 

By this *rlt of •ryor -fee oo»plaiaant, Gertrude 
Reiter, seeks to rereree ft deeree of tb® Superior Oova't 
of Qook Oounty» disaiselng her bili for setmrate aalntenanoe 
theretofore filed R^ainat the defendant, her hueband, for 
want of jurisdiction. 

On October Z, liKSS, the oomplstinant filed her 
bill for separftte »ftintenanoe, Charging her husband vith 
cruelty and adxjltery. In her bill she prayed for an order 
®' SSL •icmt and also a writ of in3^motion. Upon the filing of 
this bill of ooaplaint, euramons was issued and given to the 
Sheriff of Oook County for service* On the revt»se side of ths 
suauBO&s the defendant's address was given as 341 W, Van Bur en 
Street, and there was also written the further information 
that ttoe defendant was manager of the "La Rau Fastener Cto,*» 
Summons was duly returned, showing personal service on the 
defenr^ant, by a deputy sheriff of Gook Ooiinty on October %, 
1983, Upon the filing of the bill of ooaplaint the court 
ordered a writ of ne exeat and aleo an injunction writ to 
issue without notice. The cosplainant filed a ne exeat bond, 
aad the record shows that a deputy i^eriff of Cook County 



( «TWit*sr «i Itid-ffi.si' 



88IiS " ^ 



*ii*j'--^i i'•.•^> 









pcraonally served the writ on the defendant aad took hla 
into oustody on October 5, I923« The writ of injunction 
was likewise served upon him on the aame date. Thereupon, 
also on t?}e same date* the defendant filed his general appear** 
aace, and on the following; day the court entered an order, 
on motion of the solicitor for the disfenda/it, reciting that 
the complainant was represented in court hy her solicitor, 
and after a full hearing on defendant's motion to quash the 
writ of ne exeat. *and it appearing to the court that said 
defendant Harold J, Keiter is en^ged in business in the 
City of Ohicsgo and upo4 I^ls representations to ri^aln and 
oaxs for 'is rife and diildren," it was ordered that the 
writ of ne exeat be quashed. 

Under date of October 16, 1933, the defendant filed 
his answer, denying the charges made against his by the oob* 
plainant in her bill of ocusplaint. Among other things, in 
connection with his denial of the charge of adultery, he 
alleged that in July, 1933, the ooaplalnant had caused him 
to be brought before the Munioipal Court of Ohioago on a similar 
charge, where the court discharged hia. In eonneotion with 
his allegation oonoeming his property and income, he alleged 
In his answer, "that he Is employed as a salesman and manager 
of the (Mka&QO offloe for his father,* and further, he 
denied "that he would depart from this otate and go beyond 
the ;)uri8dlotion of -die seurtw" On No^enber 13, 1923, the 
defendant filed the affidavit of the treasurer of the "Rsu 

Fastener Company" in which affiant stated "that HRrold J* 

in its C^^icasTO off io? ," 

Relter Is employed by said Rau Fastener Compaii^v This 

sdf fi davit was apx?arently filed In connection with a hearing 

OB a motio4 by complainant for alimony and solicitor > a fees* 



h&Bfi. •'•■■!-*■ '^■■<-i'C^ '^- :>;r f^rd-sCi^t^- -;•; Ji; irt:;^ ^tjtftXS ttfl lo *iXW 

»& ft tC'-rr^a!? trfl":t* bntiiKte ;tji4in5» tfS'iiisif «t ''*^flj*<i«o;C> umi^tttjixt 



Th« affid^Tlt oorered the subject of the defendftat'a 
aalary. Ob the same day^ the court entered an order 
for allaoay &nd aolioitor*s fees to be paid >y the 
defendant* On January IS, 1926, the complainant aade 
a Botlcm for the entering of a riile on the defendant to 
ehov oause why he should not be punished for contempt of 
court for his refusal to ctmply wit? the order of Ifevember 
13» 1923. The oourt foucd that there iras dtie the complala- 
SBty under the former orde^r, the sum of $278;^, 00* and that 
the defendant was in default to that extent, and the rule 
prayed for was «itersd« On February 17, 1986, there was 
a substitution of solicitors for the defendant, and on 
the same day, on motion of the defendant, the oourt 
ordered that the oause be diemigsed **for want of juris- 
diction of the 8ubjeot«BBitter„ for failure to allege resi^* 
denoe of ti^e defendant in bill of complaint*'^ 

The statute girlng a wife the right to bring 

an aotlon against her husband for separate maintenanoe, 

provides that It be brougjjt In the county in vhioh the 

defendant resides. The bill of complaint in the suit 

that 
at bar should haTS contained/ jurisdictional allegation. 

But the allegations of the bill of complaint did not afflroa- 

tlTSly state facts showing tha the defendant did act live 

in Cook County, and the record shows that the fact is, 

tee ddes live in Cook County. This is not only demoastrated 

by the rtturn of the sheriff of Cook County, upon the su»- 

Bons, ( Raab ▼ . Haab. ISO 111. App. 5S4) but it also appears 

afflrmatiTSly frcm the allegations of the defendant himself . 

This precise situation was before this court raoently in 

Plotaitsky ▼, Plotnitsky. 341 111. App. 166, where it was 



ted* ijixa <iiS^S"^1:<» msjl* »M ,'^»Srao t«sfxi«t: «.«S» !S:»iJJSti «*«.« 

/»;:rv , . ,_ , ctmtt^w^ • rC*»^'»*«w «JWr''«o1; *«i?«4f! 

«8i {J'O' : . .^t^jSKroO iooC at 

W^^mr^r 0»iM. ti tf^ (#^ ^,m^ *-^-^l 'i>'^.-- /,:;:/l&,:. '''..^IMl) !«««>*« 

.;.f:>^.«>.*#l» eiKio»'i:<if «irCT 



held that a bill for eep&rat® ai&intenanoe, brou|^t toy a wif« 
who resides in the county where the suit is brougjit, whidh 
fails to arer that the defendant i» a resident of tflsat 
county, hut contains no alleg^tioiUi showing the contrary, 
»ay toe amended so as to avsir the jtasrisdiotional faet re* 
qiiired to bring the oaas within "Khe proviaione of th« statute* 
The ohsnoellor ezred in overruling the ooasiplainant's oto^eo- 
tion to the defendant's motion to dismiss, Gomplalnt 
should hare been given an opportunity to make the appropriate 
aaendssent to her bill of oomplaint. 

The deoree of the Superior Court is reversed and 
the oause is remanded to that court for further proceedings* 



fkXhm,, P.J. km o'GOHMOH, j. Qouorm, 



«1> 






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300 - 31163 



THE NORTHERN TRUST COMPANY, aa ) 
Executor of the last will and ) 
testament of GEORGE LILL, Deceased, ) 

Appellee, ) 



WILLIAM S. PAGS» £T AL, 



SANFRIO HARHSTROM, 



APPEAL FROM 

SUPERIOR COURT, 
COOK COUNTY. 



44 I.A. 633^ 



Appellant* 



Opinion filed Maxell 3^ 1937 o 
RR, JUSTICE THOMSON delivered the opinion of 



the oourt< 



George Lill, now deceased, to whom we shall refer 
as complainant, filed his bill in equity to foreclose second 
and third mortgages on property located at the southeast 
comer of Sheridan Road suad Foster avenue in the City of 
Chicago, owned by the defendants William S, Pace and his wife. 
The bill recited that after the making of the two mortgages 
held by the complainant and also a previous first mortgage, 
to secure a bond issue of $200,000«00, Mr* and Mrs« Pace 
had conveyed the real estate to the defendant Hamstrom, by 
quit claim deed, but althou^ that oonveyanoe appeared to be 
absolute on its face, it was not intended to be such, but on 
the contrary, it was expressly agreed between the parties that 
the premises conveyed by them were to be held by Harnstroa as 
security for the sum of |25,000, which Hamstrom had loaned to 
Mr. and Mrs, Pace, 

It was alleged that Harnstrom, claiming to have 
become the owner of the equity in the property, under this 



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to x*-fO eri* nx atrnevB ^a*eo'4 f)ni5 fcfioH axbtn^AB to roinoo 

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tesi^d-TO/K tsilli mjcivs-xq m oaXj8 b£iB ioBSiialqsBOo arB- y^ fcXs^ff 

eo««[ ^exy tne ^tM »00,000<00a| lo eusQl bacd s oii/osa o* 

8cf o^ jb9i:s9qq« eon^jyavnoo t&dt sigsjoAtl& iud ^beBb olfiXo iiup 

no tad ^tioiie ad o,t bsbastai. ;fon ajBw ti ,©t>sl a^i £to sJx/Xoecf* 

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ot J&sjifiol £>Bri Bo:t#8nifiH tbirfw (000, SS| lo aiua srfd- rel jtltuo^B 

«ao.B^ .8tM bojs .xM 
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quit claim deed, was in possession of a part of the property 
and colleoting the rents, in disregard of the rights of the 
complainant, as the payment of both principal and interest 
on the two mortjgagCB he held were in default^ The bill fuither 
alleged that one Grossman claimed some right in the premises 
as a mortgagee or creditor. The bil i made Mr, and Mrs. Pace, 
Harnstroa, the three trustees under the first, second and 
third mortgages; Grossman, as trustee, and Lackner Butz & 
Company, at whose office the principal and interest was 
payable on the bonds vinder the first mortgage as such amounts 
oane to be due, parties defendant* 

The defendant Harnstrom filed an answer to the 
bill of complaint, denying that he held title to the property 
as 8eo\irlty; alleging the Paces rrere not indebted to hia as 
alleged but that they he.d conveyed the property to him by a 
quit claim deed for a consideration of #30,000* 

By supplemental bill the complainant Lill set 
forth certain payments he had been obliged to make on both 
principal and interest which had fallen due on the first 
mortgage bonds, and had not been paid by the Paces* 

The defendant Harnstrom later filed his cross-bill 
in whioh he alleged that the Paces had not been indebted 
to him at the time they executed their quit claim deed com- 
veying their property to him, which w's on October 27, 1923, 
but that on that date, for a consideration of $30, 000,00 they 
had conveyed the property to him in fee simple; that there 
had been no agreement for the reconveyance of the property 
between him and the Paces. He alleged that since the con- 
veyance of the proTierty to him the Paces claimed to be the 



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i-sst^^fli fens liiqioitiTq d*ocf to iftrsiuY*? 9^* e* ^^ asasaXqeiot) 

tBdi'iul Hid QrfT *#Xxf«l9b at aiaw filarf srf aaaJgtToai cmt arftf- no 

t©ofi*I .•iM fifljs ,tM aJia® lid srr'T ,io&tbB%o to ssgisgd-^oa « ba 
Mnr ;^e9T»*0i bm IsqiowAq; sfi^ sonto «80ifw t£ tiffifiqicoO 

en'? o& rawsoB hjb Jbdiit mo^^afliaH *flafcflstsJb »riT 

X;^^©qo^q ®.d,t o.t Ql&i^ folad ©ri .^alic^ gaixn^^ t*alslqmoo lo Xlicf 

a£ aid o* be-fdS^bat toa sii?^ sso©! ^d& 'gal^&llB '^x^ltiso9B bb 

M -vS said of x^79q_orq 9rf* fcsYsvaoo bM -^sd* *.«d* #0cf b&'$Bl.l» 

*000,05$ t© aox*«-r!9j5iafioe s tot bssJb oiisXo ^iup 

;^98 Hid ta&al&l^ii^'-'- s,,^ llid Xjs^nsaiaXqqyB y^ 
d^ocf rto 9:Si5ai o;f JbagiXj^o o»a«i b«d ©d ajnaaxfiq fli-s^xso dtrol 
JaTcfi ?»rii- no aiffc uaXXst bad doiriw jf»»x9;fiii £>na XBqionXiq 
»aftn«-l ad* ^cf i>iBq used Jon ^.^o i,rr« ^gJbxiod ss^taoin 

XXXd-aooio aid £>«Xlt tst&l aioitfaniaH ^-xteiDiist^t) «dT 

fcetdstal nasd .ton barf asos*! osdd *jsd;j- b»g9i'it «d rfoirfw nX 

-aor- bQ@b wiisXo *Xxr9 tclBdJ- l!>©S'0O«x© t»d# smld- -ad* d-« aiiri o# 

^SSex ftVS T^dotoO fro 8^-w doldw tiaid o;^ -^ftisqoiq ^Xoni' sxiXYftv 

tad* 00^000,05$ to ttotf&iBbisnoo a TOt <,»d^sfi jAd* ao ts&t tutS 

BtnAit tJ8d* jdJtqiT!i« wt ni aid o* YJ^^qotq ad* haYSV'noo fijBd 

XJtsqoTq Sri* to 9oa»X9vaoo9i sd.t -rot iMie»^Tga oa nssd Bed 

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-3- 

•wnera of the property and that his title was only that of 
a mortgagee; and that oa February 26, 1923, the Paces had 
•xeouted certain notes and t. trust deed conveying the pro- 
perty to Max Grossman, as trustee^ and that this deed had been 
recordttd and that Pace had filed an affidavit in the Reoorier's 
Office, alleging that the deed given to Hamstrom was a mortgage 
and not an absolute conveyance, according to the agreement 
between the parties. He further alleged that the third mort- 
gage, which involved a trust deed to one Dawson, had been 
executed by the Paces for the purpose of paying and releasing 
a certain judgment, but that this judgment had not been re- 
leased but had been assigned to the complainant Lill, who 
had become the owner of that mortgage and that for that reason 
the consideration for the notes and trust deed, executed in 
connection with ths.t third mortgage^ had failed and was not 
a lien upon the property, but a cloud upon Harnptrom's title; 
and that his title had further become ooiaded by reason of the 
trust deed from the Paces to Grossman and the filing of the 
original bill in this castj alleging that Harnstrom's title 
was not a fee simple title. By hie oross-bill Hamstrom prayed 
that these clouds be removed and his fee simpel title should be 
established and quieted* 

Mr. and Mrs, Pace filed their answer to the original 
and supplemental bills of the complainant Lill* admitting all 
the allegationa therein set forth. Demurrers were filed by 
them as well as by Lill to the oross-bill of Hamstrom, whioh 
were overruled. The Paces then filed their answer to that 
cross-bill, in whiA they admitted that on October 27, 1932, 
they were not indebted to Hamstrom^ but alleging that prior 



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Oii e taBflxsXqffiOO 'sdt c4 bsnsisss nsstf bsd tud b9BJi9l 

fro6iS9i jj-^rf* T0l ;^«rf{|' I)fl« ^«@*TOffi tfidd- to isnwo sxl;!' emooecf fc^iJ 

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9f6f to floajBeT: Ytf i>9JE)Xj»oo 9iEO09{f thAtisit b.Bsi 9 It it eid tsd& boB 
9di to sxiilit srijf bn£ a&saBsotO &t S90«<l sii# asoi:^ Jbs9i> Jac/Tt* 

«tf bluedB Blili Isqalti 9»t aid fecjs ba-rcasT e^ •iM/cIo sasd* i^Bri* 

XI» ^BiSiistbs ^IIjcJ ;fii«ni«Xqffloo sff.-t to 9lIt<J la&t&mslqqvn ba£ 

Xd ftsXit 919-n BtertumBQ. ,ri*iot t»8 niai^nit axjoii-js^aXXB «£f* 

ribirfw ^fioad-entBH to XXicr«-8ao'ro Bd& ot llld -<d bje XX«w bjs mari* 

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-4- 

to their execution of the quit claim deed to him on that 
date, they had made an agreement with him whereby he was 
to loan them $25,000, in consideration for which they were 
to pay him |30,000»00, with seven per cent interest, he 
to take as security for this loan a deed conveying the 
property in question to himj and -ttiat it was in pursuance 
of ttoat agreement that they executed the deed in question 
and delivered it to him on the following day. The com- 
plainant Lill also filed an answer to Hamstrom's cross- 
bill, alleging that he had no knowledge of the facts sur- 

deed 
rounding the executiun of the quit claims' to Hamstrom 



except such as he had received from the Paces, He allej 
that Hamstrom' 8 rights in the property w^re subordinate 
to his and he denied that the notes and trust deed from 
the Paces to Dawson were given for the purpose of paying 
the judgpient referred to in Hamstrom' s cross-bill, but he 
alleged that they were given to prevent execution of that 
judgment and that he had later purchased the judgment* 

Mrs, Pace filed a cross-bill alleging that she 
and her husband had borrowed |25,000»00 from Hamstrom and 
to secure that loan with interest, together with an addi- 
tional sum of $5,000,00 charged as a commission for making 
the loan, she and her husband conveyed the property in ques- 
tion to him by quit claim deed, which, however, was not in- 
tended to be an absolute conveyance, but, under the ezpsess 
agreement and understanding of the parties, it was to be as 
for the security of the payment of the loan with interest; 
that she had offered to paybthe loan and the commission, but 
Hamstrom had refused to receive it and reoonvey the property. 
She alleged that the loan was usurious and prayed that she 



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mamsi'^sq Ri ssv il #sftf ban jsirf c<^ ursltset/p ai x^t^QO^Q 

-iBoo sdT «icfii> gniwollolc ^di ao aiiri ocT *i £iST3viIeb bias 
~a«cio a*ffio'r#siiT4jK o* xswaa* rse 1?«I11 eels IliJ J|p*fli«Iq 

moxt J&sef) d-aind- f)iis as*©fl ^dt isAt bulasb 9ri fcriB elri ot 

^ai^Aq 'to ©acqat/Q sdf* 'iot xisvig ^tsw acewaa at •ftO£? «xf* 

8rf ^ifd tXIxo'-aaofo s » aios *sff a,»jH «i o* bSTTslsn &a9ts^bisl 9riJ 

*adi- aO fTo|*uo9S9 Jfl©v!9tq Oct- fisvijt ®^sw tsrf? JfJSrf* JbsgsilB 

fcfiJ* Biorf&arsE moil: 00«000seS| bawoxaod fc^d Jbastfai/ri Tsri Jbns 

-ififjA HA dSlm i9[l&9got j^ssciejni rfjiw nacil ^sdt exaoHB of 

-gatiBE xolt aoitelmmoQ £ 8« jbegijsifo 00*000,3$ io amii Ijsjsoi* 

•-aoiip ai: ifd-taqo-rq srf* ijaxevnoo SruKfetrri sari boJi ads ^aaol adt 

-ai ;toa B.nv ^xe^9^oci tffoiri« ^jbasfe mlxlQ tlup t<* aid o* aoit 

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83 ea o;r aisw 3 1 ^eaXjr-sjRq ari* lo 3£iif)/ws*«tteJbR0 baA *fl9ine©Tsa 

;*e»3tsJ^iii itti*f ««oX eri;^ :to *««»([ jaa sdjt- lo y*J:"tuoae Sfft^ ^:o'i 

d-i/d tfioXasifiaooo 9tif bas asol sxitdix^q o^ fcaa-»»io bad «ds d-jarfj- 



aigjat b« relieved from the uaurious part of ithe agreement, 
and that upon repayment to Hamstrom of what might be found 
to be due him, he should be required to reconvey the pro- 
pertyt After demurrer to this cross-bill had been over- 
ruled Hametrom filed his answer, denying the allegations 
of Mrs. Pace's cross-bill and setting forth again the sub- 
stance of liie allegations he had previously set forth in 
his own oroBs-bill« 

Issues having been properly joined on these plead- 
ings, the cause was referred to a master, who, after a hear- 
ing, submitted his report to tne Superior Oourlr of Oook Oounty, 
finding the facts to be as alleged by the complainant Lill 
and the cross— complainants, the Paces in their various pleads 
inge; that there was due from them to Lill, in principal and 
interest on the second and third mortgages and the principal 
and interest he had paid on the first mortgage, an aggregate 
of |70,375»73; that the conveyance to Harnstrom was intended 
and agreed by the parties to be a mortgage and not an absolute 
conveyance and that there was due from the Paces to him, in 
principal and interest, less certain rents he had received, 
an aggregate of $23j,583«18« I'here were certain other findings 
lay the naster which need not be noted here# Objections were 
made to the master* s report by the defendant and cross— complain- 
ant Harnstrom which were overruled. (These objections were 
allowed to stand as exceptions and later they were overruled 
and the chancellor entered a decree granting the relief 
prayed for by the complainant Lill; dismissing Harnstrom's 
cross-bill for want of equity; finding that the conveyance 
to him was in thei&ture of a mortgage and not an absolute 
conveyance and that the loan made by him to the Paces was 



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XjBeioHXiq 9rii^ fios ae^ii^^troa! JbTifi';t bsm boeoaa »ri# ho rf-aetts*;?/!! 
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ao.ij&xsvxioo srf;? t*rfj^ ■^aibait \x^lisp9 to Jxisw 70I XXitf-eaoao 

erf-0XoacfB a» tea bam agjagiitoffi a lo axx/jf .aa srfi- nl e«v mXrf o* 

aaw a9o«^ ad* oi mid ^cf «fc«« flaoX arirf' *.Bd;t bns eoiiaY*v«oo 



-6^ 

uturiousj and that the amoiint he was entitled to as 

of the date of the decree, was $25,822* 60. The property 

was ordered to be sold subject to the first mortgage, to 

satisfy the amotintB due to Lill and to Harnstrom. Other 

incidental relief was provided for, to which we shall refer 

later, 

Harnstroji perfected an appeal to the Supreme 
Court on the theory that a free-4iold was involved. That 
court held that a freehold was not involved, and transferred 
the oause to this court, - Lill v* Pace^ 330 111* 523, 

In support of the conclusion that the debt from 
the paces to Harnstrom was in the nature of a mort^gen 
the aaeter found that at the time thaib conveyance took place, 
the prox>erty in question was worth about |450*000#00 and that 
the encumbrances then outstanding against it aggregated 
1226,435,00 * sO that at the time of said conveyance to Ham- 
strOM the property was worth about twice the amount of the 
mortgages then outstanding against it," and it was therefore 
not reasonable to suppose that the Paces would have sold 
their tquity for ^25,000.00 cash* The master also found in 
this ooimectiott that the deed frcaa the Paces to Harnstrom, 
althou^ reciting a consideration of |.30, 000.00 had only 
|6»00 in revenue stamps affixed to it, which was the appro- 
priate amount required on notes and evidences of indebtednesi; 
whereas if the deed had purported to convey an absolute title, 
thirty dollars in revenue stamps would have been the amoTont 
required* 

It is the contention of the appellant Harnstrom 



-9- 

\&%&qp%q 9dT ,0S*SS8«5S$ a«w ^»?>roob Qdi to »*5h 9tiS to 

o* ttS*®!*"^*^^ J-aall arid- od- to9(;dt/a iiloe ad o* b»TsJbio sbw 

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&£& lo tfl'JOftws ©d# Bot-wt .tjL'ocf£ rftTow a.«5W ^tftaqoicg «ri* ssoii's 

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fvloa Qvsd Mcrow eeosi eri# Jj?rf* »aoqQU8 oif ®Xdsao8«9i ton 

ai i)nt/ol obIjb lateBia »rff .rfaaso OO^OOOeSS^ t:<j1 t*iwP« rtstli 

^iSQ1taar^g,H q& a9a««C ^n* soil bs»b 9dt tmU aoitv^nnoo sirf* 

jlao had 00»00©«05| to aoitmBbiBnoo b ^aJitiotr d^uodSI^ 

-otqqs 9dt aj5* iioi:*v <t*i ©# fisritljs eqias** euitava-r «i QO„a$ 

ja8«n6e<?dsi5ni: to ©ssfisJbivo coe »a3-©ij no feeTiupet S-xtijoflt^ stfiiiq 

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*- ■ • ' : ■ ^ - 

fi30t*attrr«H &aall9qqx ai» to aol^ned-noo axli el rfi 



-7- 

that there Is no evidence in the record to support the 
aaatcr'a finding as to the value of the property. In 
our opinion the record dp«0 not bear out that contention. 
Pace testified that the fair market value of the property 
in October 1922, vas between |450,000«00 and $500, 000, 00. 
On oross-'exami nation he testified that in 1923 he had listed 
the property at |380>000«00, " in order to get cleaned up*" 
On© witness testifying for the plaintiff gave it as his 
opinion that at the time he was testifying, (November, 1923), 
the property was worth from $325,000,00 to |350,000»00, 
Harnstroffl was the owner of the south half of the block 
on Sheridan Road in utoich the Baee property was located. 
Another witness for the plaintiff testified that in 1928 
Harnstroa told hi« he had been offered |440,000,00 for 
his vacant> and he expressed regret that he had not sold 
at that time* The man who placed the first mort^^ on the 
property to secure the bond issue said that they placed a 
value on it "for loan purposes" but not for 8a,le and that 
they considered its valut on that basis at the time of the 
conveyance of the Paces to Harnstroa to be ^365,000,00, -^ 
it would "not be any less* I think the general tendency 
|n that district has been to go up«» A witness who owned 
property on the west sid« of Sheridan Road stated he was 
offered a price per foot in 1922, "before I remodeled," 
which, applied to the property in question, would give it 
a value of $342,000*00* Several witnesses testifying for 
Harnstrom, one of them being the father of his son-in-law, 
gave values as low as $250,000,00, Even if we took the 
view that the conclusion reached by the master as to value 
was somewhat hi^. all the evidence in the record, in our 



eri* ttoqcira o* br&evt arf? at aoErefciv^ on ei: 3-z?ri;J- t«dJ 

»00,000<008^ .bCjB OO^OOOtOSJ^I C8»w*9«f isw ^SSfel tCdcfO*oO fll 
fc8*ail £)«ri Sri 5Sei flx d-sil* IJai^itsa* «d noi*aaifflj8X9-aeoi9 rtO 

isoid Qiii- Jo 'iS.sd d^uoB eill "to tafwc 9d^ bsw woiJextisH 

*Jb93,eooI asw -^ifics^Qtil »ea^ ©d* .loirfv ui JbAoi? fljafoitariS no 

®Kei Rl tern bsmtt^t m^aiUlt ##''iltf' 8a «n*i?? thdtdnA 

lot OO.6OO4OMI fierts-Stlo nesd b.^ *rf arid bio* isOitaarrsH 

fjloa &Ott fei*if srf if-SfJ;^ Ja-r^sn fcesBS^^Ji* »rf bajs ^tafioav aid 

»dt no ajsJ^iJiom :teii"5: 9df bsOAlq oxiw iiJSjs sd? ,9ffil.:J fAdt in 

s l3©oaIq ifSff* tJBffif blBB ^ifBel bnocf ail^ *rDtf098 0* ^d-tsqc-tq 

f&dt bttM 8iX,ee ■xcl: rf-on .ttrd ♦'sssoqTJ^ «a6I T9lt* #1 no ixrl^T 

« 400«000«edS| sd o;f mct^antaH 0* 8»oje<l 9(f- lo 9oa«Y9Viroo 
^nf».bHO* XKt9fl»s sriif iflirfj- , a* ocf *o/t» £.Io-ow *! 

taw Sri fjOiTBa-B f)«oH a^MtarfS *to 0Si» tsdw arl* no ^Jiaqo-xq 

*i *vla ftlx/ow ^aotf&9Bp at Y^xewjorq drf* ©* fcsilqqB^ffoirfw 

sd* 3f©o4 aw li /leva .OO^OOO^OSS^ »s woX sjs esuX«v ©vjeg 
•uleiF o^ B» x»tsmm 9ff.+ x<i bsdoMet aoluulomo ad* ifjsri* weiv 



opinion, would, nevertheless, justify a conclusion that it 
was rery conaidrrably above the aggregate of tiie encumbrance* 
against the property, and, therefore, the master waa justified 
in oonsidering this element of value as an important one tend" 
ing to show that the Paoes woidd not have been willing to 
part with their equity in the property at that time for 
$25,000,00 or for #30,000«00. 

Appellant makes the further contention that the 
evidence in the record fails to Justify a finding that there 
was a debt created from the laces to him, and that as there 
was no debt there could be no mortgage. This is based on 
the further contention that the Paces never promised to repay 
him at any time. It may be that there is no direct evidfnoe 
of an express paromise to pay, but that is not necessary 
to supi}ort the finding that there was a debt. There is much 
testimony tending to show that It was not only understood 
but expressly stated by the parties that this raoney was a 
loan and was to be repaid in the course of three or four 
months, and further that the agreement between the parties 
was that the deed from the Paces to Harnstrom was to convey 
title to him for the purpose of security for the repayment of 
the debt, Pacs testified that in the fall of 1923, he and bis 
wife and Harnstrom had been close friends for some time. They 
all lived at the Edgewater Beach Hotel. He said that he 
had a talk wilto Harnstrom shortly before this deed was given, 
in which he told him that he needed $35,000,00 and that Mrs, 
Pace had oonssnted to permit him to borrow that amount against 
the property she owned, which wna the property in question; 
that he told Harnstrom tfcere were two ways of accomplishing 
It If Harnstrom was willing to let him have the money* One 



.oo^ooG^osi x^Tt TO oo»ooo,ar.0 

©eft •oid'ffaii'noo t9(Wrui &dt esM^e *iiJ&Il9Qq*< 

ao fe»s«tf si sirft .a^jy^^ToiK on aef til 306 Bt^di *tf«Jb on bsw 
•onafclvs to 91 lb on ei di$rf^ 3^«if* 9«f t«ffi *I «©e!l^ X^* ^^ iclrf 

lo J^ftaa^aq^T «rf* Tot^^lTifo*© ^o dsoqr^irQ aitf xtlt alti ojf ©I*i* 

YSsfT ,9«!i;f 9isiw:. tc't alxwlll: saoXo ff9»d fe*rf «0»*ani«H i>/tfi »llw 
©ff Jterf* Jbiss ©H ,l9#oH .4o«»g 1^;^«w«r55l)3 srf* ♦ft fcavii" IXb 

.•tM i6df baj» O0»OG<5,S8^ bsfif^ftfl »£f *firf# alrf f>Io» ail dolAw al 
IfllifBilqaooo-B lo ex-s« ow» ^i aw arra;^*- fflot*afl'i«H btot »tf i!kd& 



way was for HarnBtrom to take a mortgage, "and the other 
if I do as I did with Dawson about five years ago when I 
borrowed #22,000*00 from him and p4t up the deed ae 
security". He testified that he told Harnstrom that the 
flirst mortgag* of |200, 000*00 on -fliis property had been 
reduced to 0190,000*00; that the amount due Lill was 
about ^26,000«00, and that due on the third mortgage 
was about |18, 000*00; «and if I get this from you it 
would make about $253,000«00* . He testified further 
that Harnstrom said he would not be interested in a mort- 
gage "but if I loan you the money on the deed" he wanted 
to know when it could be paid back, and Pace replied that 
he could pay it in three or four months; that Ifernatrom 
wanted to know where l^c would get the money to pay it back 
and he replied to the effect that the second and third 
mortgages were due and the holders were pressing for pay- 
ment and his plan was to put on a new second mortgage to 
clean up the two that were due "and also take care of this«" 
He further testified that Harnstrom replied that he turned 
his money pretty o£ten and he ought to have 20 per cent "on 
a loan like that^" which would be |6,000.00 on a $30,000*00 
loan; that Pace then explained that he only wanted 035,OOO«OO 
and he added "I will give yon #5,000 or pay you back thirty 
for the twenty-five when we pay you back," to which Harnstrom 
replied, "All ri^t, I»ll do that. But I want it Tinderstood 
that I will want you to pay me 7 per cent interest on my 
money while the money is out," to which Pace agreed. Pace 
testified that Harnstrom added "I will finance you for 
that amount of money*" He further testified that he tried 
to get Harnstrom to give them some kind of a guarantee "in 



i&dio srf* baa** ^ogB^iiosa & »3L»t ot Bi<nt»stitSl lol bbw x^ 

T rT-^fHT ogs «TJ5SY evi^ ti/ocfjs no8!W-«a d*lw bib I en of) I li 

ss tmeb sdi qw *Ac bjoB mid mort 0C#00O,S8| l)9WOTiocr 

rresd iiBrf xtrsqatq ^i^ no CO^0OQtOO# lo esaai-roffi »t8Ti.ft 
asw IliJ e«b d-nuojajs stl^ i'ferf* ;00,000fc061ig ot bBotsbnt 
s-gssgttom brldt 3cl& no sjtb *.srf# l>n« 400#C00t3S^ Jwocfa 
j-i uCY moT^ airf:^ Jsg I li £>wj8** ;00»000,SI| *ifods 8fiir 
T9xf;J-:rx/^ fcsititee;? sR . •»OOtf>00«SaSt tfirods ei»m bluow 
-*aOia .3 nl batB^i^fni scT Jon BX:/ow erf fiiAB HtotJeaTiiH tacft 

tmi:} bQilq.Qt eos^I bus ^io&<S bisq ad Mtroo tl irarfw wofl:rf''o;f 

soxjBmcjBH d-en'd- jarftflOiT truo't: to 9srAt al ts. Y«q fili/oo od 

±)&<i ti x^ <^^ \5>ctoii- biisor: eri starfw lion::! o* beta&'x 

btirli Jbnjs Lirooss erfj ^.;siit *osll8 srl^ o;t Jbeilqjn »rf Ijajs 

-X*? io"i Sflieasiq arsw arsefclorf arfef- Rajb 9ub 9isw «9SJ8S!^loa5 

o* 93JS8d-rom Jbxioosa wan s rro #jjq ort 8«w aalq airf ftcjs tasm 

*iBl(i& to sijso ©is* OBlfi bos* 9.rji& 9T9W t^xfj- o^t »dt qo flJBSXo 

feenn;? ©if f.srf* JbeiXcfsr ffiorE,tBii"rBH tfirfrf b&i^tt6Bt ledfxvT: ©H 

flO" i-neo teq OS evjsrf o* ;ti%x;o 9rf b/us a«*ati t**9tq[ t^KOm aid! 

00,000 105# B 00 00*000«8§; 9cf b fuow ffolrfw »«;tjsif;j- siil oMOl & 

o:,000«.SS^ fcs;fn3w x-fno erf &fi!i& bftatstqxe nsrf* aojB^ tjsrf* ;««oi 

Y*Tirf* afoecf uoy X^q to 000,3$ noy svig .fixw I » &of>JE)j5 srf fens 

aoT*Enx.eH Aoidw of "jioM jro^ Tf«<T »» -PfOiiw »T21-Y*fl»^ srf* toI 

boo&B'iBb£UJ ft tflBW I :tr_rP! *d-/;-f+ ob Xi«l ti'efj;it IIA" ,l>9Jtic[9t 

Xm no d-ftsts^fli: J-nev ^sq o* tiOY *H*r riiw I fMdt 

©o«<I ^bs^-rg* 905^ rioxd- , _rc gi YsnciJ! 9i» eXirfw y««o« 

rcol: rjcY 9O0«rttt Iliw I" heJ&ftn aroT*8frtKH t»di b9ntt»9t 

b9£ti »ff ,tsd* i>9x*its»j TsdJrtwt ^5;-: ".ys^ob to &msG(Bi' &£d& 

nx" ostcti5i«u^ a to Dnia asos mai!;^ evlg o* mot^satsU tSB o^ 



n 

case you die or in oaae something woild happen to you, that 
would protect our ri^ta in this;" but that Hamatrom said 
In view of the fact they were such good friend* he wouldn't 
need anything of that kind. There was also some additional 
evidence along this line which it will not be necessary 
to set forth here* The conversations testified tp by Pace 
were denied by Harnstrom* 

In addition to the reasons set forth in the master's 
report supporting his finding that this conveyance was a 
mortgage, the record shows that Hamstrom admitted on croa»-» 
examination that he did not take possession when ht Received 
this deed^ the leases were not assigned to him; the insurance 
waa not transferred to him; and he never paid taxes on the 
property nor any of the interest on any of the encumbrances. 

Pace t stifled that on the morning of October 
28, the day following the conversation previously testified 
to by him, he net Hamstrom In the lobby of the Edgewater 
Beach Hotel and the latter produced the deed to be executed 
by the Paces, and an affidavit also to be executed by th«a, 
covering their title, and a check for $30,000«00; that when 
his wife noticed the amount of the check she cominented on it 
saying she thou^t her husband wa^ only borrowing $25,000«00, 
whereupon Harnstrom explained that the check included his 
commission and that ho and Pace would "fix that when they got 
down to the bank* *• that toe did that in order to keep his records 
straight,^" He further testified that they had some talk about 
th4 time within which this money was to be paid back and 
that his wife thought three or four months waa probably 
too abort and Harnstrom assured them that if that wasn't 
enou^ they need not worry, for he waald give them more time 



Jbi«a aoid-sxitsH isdi &v6 «iaiif.t iix aJilsi^ "e^^o d-oa^forcq blx/ow 
i-'iibljow ©if aba&ixt boce^ rioue a-xsvr x^rfiJ" toMi sAi lo wsiv rti 

Vr.6883oefl 3ci -ton iliw ;ti: doifiV ©nil eirf* jjflolfi soflSJbivd 

8«it8;J-s.Sffi 9dt ni rf^Tot tsc snoe^s'x suit o.t i!:oiiiiit& nL 

B 8JBW eoxisYevnoo airf^J- ^jsd? sflifenil siri sal^aoqqi/e *ioq9T 
-fiBOrjo CO b&&itmbA ibo'x*8«tsH i»tit aworis feaooa^ srf* ^»3JBsd-ito« 

tl■^cfo;^oO Ito iinxniom ^d* no J-srl* Jbeilli^a * »o«9[ 
f)»ilit89* X-Ts^f'-J^vSTQ flOx^J-jeeTcsvflco sd* ^niwoCIol: x«* sd4 ,8S 

Xjettroexa scf oj l>99b sriij- fcsoifJboi:q ^s^sJ-jbI ®dj ima XeteU doseS 
,ji9ricf Yd f)SJxfosx» ecf o:)- osXb Jiv^itla aB bas tasoal ?Rt xtf 

jj ao festnsaffioo »da :^oedo adt to trnjomu edt .fc»ol#0fli sliw eid 

t00.»000«3S^ grriiroiiod -«jXno aew fi/istfewd •£?d Jdgja'*^!^ »da gal-^aa 

aid b&btsloat ioedo arf* tad* bnal&lqx^ ©OT^fefl'XaH floqw©T©riw 

#»S )f9d* a9dv &.sHt xlt" ^j,!oj5f soai ba& srf d-,&ri* f?^J3 HQiaeliBaioo 

aJbrroo9-i ex'" q&arJ o* isijio ni t.Qdi bib «d tsdt - ^simad eri# o* awoi) 

tuod0 iSs& aajoa bad xsri* :tjBdt f59llld-a-3d- -radd-rttf't »ii "^»^f%ijsi:*8 

JbJi£ iosrf Mfifl[ »tf ot Bisw '^sflota aid;*- doxdw nxdifiw 9ml} Bxf* 

Xlci£CfOTq ««w BdtflOffl xaoltTco 99-cd!f *dgx;odt s^lw exd t&dt 

#'fl«j8w *Bd.t li t«rit ffidri* ftssireas moTEtBfl-x&H fa/is rf-Torie oot 

fuatt 9io« aadrr svia blmmxt ad t:o1 e^TiTow *on b^9a ifad* dsuon© 



-11- 

if they needed it; that Mrs. Pace said she thought Harnstrom 
was making |5,000,00 pretty easy and he replied that he made 
his money by turning it often, and Pace remarked that » if this 
runs a whole year you will be making 37 per cent," After 
the deed was signed and acknowledged and tbe affidavit had 
been executed and Mrs, Pace had endorsed the |30,000«00 check. 
Pace and Harnstrom went down town to the bank. There, at 
Harnstro»»e reque8t» Pace endorsed the |30,000»00 check, where- 
upon Harnstrom handed it to the cashier of the bank, who in 
turn delivered two cashier* a checks to Harnstrom, one for 
|35,000t00 and the other for |5,000«00, both drawn to the 
order of Pace, The latter testified that at Harnstrom' s re- 
quest ha then endorsed the |5,00n«00 check, Harnstrom explain* 
ing that this represented his commission; that Harastrom then 
handed him the $25,000 check and he handed I^trnstrom the deed 
and the affidavit; and that Harnstrom then went to a teller's 
window and deposited the $5, 000*00 check in his account* He 
further testified that he made some effort to get Harx>- 
Strom not to record the deed but the latter explained that 
hh would have to do so, "because if I didn't I wouldn't have 
any sectrityv* 

Early in the hearing (December 11, 1923) Harnstrom 
appeared before the master as a witness and gave testimony 
supporting the allegations found in his pleadings. On cross- 
examination he insisted that the asBOunt he had paid for the 
equity in this propetty was $30,000.. 00 and that i* was not 
tru* that the amount the Paces got from him was only $25,000*00» 
He denied that it was any part of their transaction that he 
would receive $5,000«00 back immediately, and he denied that 



fcsxl i'ivB&x'i'ifi s.'^* ms Ssgiielwoi'r:*©^ ens .oanj^iia ««w beaJb srf* 

.siedT »im5fJ si-f^f ot iiwo* rnrob tisaw «©i*8flt«H baa 90a<J 

at oriw «:^n£d srf;t io rrsldfaso ?^!lj- o:)- *x foafcn^rf «cvi*am:iBH coq.v 
lol sno tffiorrtBffTaH o* eatodrio e'texrisfio ow* ftsisvllefc mur# 
3d& 03- £f*fiil) il^oo' ,00*000,81 trol ^srf.to erfj- .bi&s 00.000, 2S| 

a9d& rnQt^j^BmrsH tBdt (uciBaiauaco sirf b©*n&a9Tq»T szfiy' tJSi^* -gat 

AesJb M* fflOTC*8fl'ij8H f>9£)flsxl ^A has jfoado 000^31^ adJ mid b9btt£d 

B'xsll9* B oJ taev nQd& s&o-£tsax^ ^&d;Sr hRr, ;^tivebtt1,'$ 9iit bas 

sH .ioisoooB Bid at 2io©rio 00*000,a# @dt b»tl»Qq9b ban woJbisiw 

t&dt b9ntRlax9 TSif-d'AX Bdi tud b»9b erf* fctooerc ««>■ .ton soTit'e 
STTAii t*ab':s!OVf I l'«JbM> I 'ti ©axjisoscf" ^oa ci 05'' ovsd Muow ckf 

aiOT*s£ti«H (5S6I ^II i8Cfi3909Q) 3flJ:T«8»i ario" nt xX^bS 

Y«offil*a3;t 9v^ bne sssntlvj e s« rtad-acm SflS^ S'xoltoi te'x^aecB 

-Sf50T0 nO .Bgnl&jsslc' a?::' rti .^mj-ot 3nci*i^9 'Is snij gflitioqqx/9 

oi blST bsri t bs&Bl:-;st 9x1 floi*jMti:itt»x« 

ton a£w Si d-adfJ biis 00r000,05| asw Y^itsqettq aln^ ai t",tixfiM> 

*00,000<.5S| -^Ino ssw raJttf ffloil cTog sntial oAi txttfomi' sdj cfadJ 9ut9 

»il tsdd- floitosanstsi' Tisrf;f Jo &'i£q \n£ asw ti ifiri;^ i>9iit9i) sH 

*«il* &9iiisi) erf bm? <YX»*-'i-£i>SH5Jax 2£oj8tf 00«000»e| ©TTisosi bli/ow 



the fact was that he did receive |5>000*00 back at once, in 
currency or otherwise. He was asked whether it was not a 
fact that at the time this transaction was closed he secured 
a cashier's check in the State BanK of Chicago for the amount 
of $5,000*00 payable to the order of Pace and that the latter 
endorsed it and handed it back to him, and he said that was 
not true* 

At the next hearing before the master which occurred 
about a week later, a clerk employed in the Auditing depart- 
ment of the State Bank of Chicago produced two cashier's checks, 
both dated October 28, 1933» payable to the order of Pace, one 
for $35,000400 and the other for |5,000,00« The latter chedc 
was endorsed by Pace, following which was the endorsement 
"S* Hamstrom & Company," which is shown to have been the name 
under which Harnstroa did business. Thie ohecdc was paid 
sa the same date* Late in the following April Harnstrom again 
appeared before the master in rebuttal, the lapse of time being 
explained by the contention that Harnstrom had been in very poor 
health, and, according to a physician* s certificate, unable 
to testify* The record shows that there was a Mrs, Wilson 
who has known Harnstrom since 1910, and for many years had 
been his renting agent, handling his property, and at the 
time the evidemce in this case was presented to the master, 
she was acting as his nurse and secretary* Harnstrom testi- 
fied that he sent her to the Recorder's Office to see if liie 
title of this property wae in Mr, and Mrs. Pace; and that she 
latex took the deed from the Paces to him to that office to have 
it recorded. When he testified in rebuttal, upon the occasion 
above referred to, he stated that he did not endorse the 



al ,90Xf0 is iojscf 00*000t2# dTisoaa f>i:i) sat *«rf* 8.8W *o«l 9il* 

£>9T0oe8 ©il i)980Io asw aoiJofiBaas* axdJ ami* »d^ &m &&dt tQ£'i 
iiixtoats BiU rot ogaoiriO io MjgS ©*«*a arij' ai afoaife s'salrfajso e 
%ei^£l edi ^sflbf i>iii5 aos^ l:o •rsJbto sri* act s»icf-6X3q 00*000,3$ to 

feer^'mooo rioidw t»*8.sic arid- 9T0l:9cf grriified *xsn srfrf- JA 

-.;fii5q9f) 8fli;}-J:i)j;«L sdcJ ai ijsyolqmo i:£9J[o « tTtdtuX atssw s d-ijodfi 

,a3fo9rio 8»T9i:rIa«o cm* beoiiboicq ogsordO ^o aL-isfl •Jb^-B ©rf* lo *i»ffi 

»ffO <«oj?'5 lo Tte&TO snl- o* eltiM^sq tSS6I ^SS ■secfotoO Jb»*«I) ri*ocf 

ioeiio taJt^I srfT *O0iCO0tS^ Tor lerfto »rf* Ishjb 00»000t2S| 10I 

©fflsn ^rft nsecf svsd oj- iivroriE al rioxrfw "^ya^qmoO l> aioT^anijjH «8" 

Bijsq ajsw *>«rio airiT .eesfllatrd i)xi) «o^*afli,(iH rfniriw r^bau 

alsrgst motJanXBH TiiqA gnlwollol sri* ill S^sJ «»*«£) Oiiajsa exi* xb 

3£tx9c( sffixj- lo aaqsl arft ,XB*d-.E/cr9T Ai i8*a«B arl* axo^acf b9i«»qq« 

looq yrtev al nsacf ftsri aiort^aoifiH Jjsrf* noxifae^floa srfJ ytf l)»fllfllqxa 

aldjsau ^BtBXiilittQo g fnjBloieyriq « c* gnxbioooa ^baa ^d&lSBd 

aoaliW ,8tM b efiw srrari* j-^irij aworfa Liooa^ arfT .yli^asJ o* 

f^«rf eT«9Y ynjsflj TOt bfiB tOXSl aoHxe mottBar^E anoKi. a ail oriw 

arf* *4S ba£ tX^iBC[otq aid gaiUbaarf t^a^ga j^siJasa aid asacf 

<ts*aAs «rf* o* fca^nsseiq asw aaeo eisli al »9mBb£v9 9iU aai* 

"t&eai ao^taatjsH ♦Yi-sd-ft^oaa Mb »»rtaa aixf sb gai^oa a«iir ada 

9 da *J8d* tas ;»db9 ,8tV> bn^e , a,sw y+ieqoiq aid* to al*l* 

*' mrBd ot 8oi1:lo jTBd* «* mid o* asojRq ori* mo-rl: b»eb ad* <oo* t»#bI 

aolsBftoo <%rf,t noqjrj ,lB**jEfrf«T ax Jb^nrltas* ad rrerfW ^Jbafiiooaa .+ i 

»d* aaToJbffs d-ea Mfe 9rf *jBdJ f)©*.«*a ad ,0* batxalsrr avdcfB 



$5,000,00 C9.8hier»8 check in the presence of Pace, as the 
latter testified* SAirthermore, he denied that Pace had 
handed the #5,000,00 check to him, but he said: "He handed 
me the envelope with the deed and the — Well, here are all 
the paptrs, he says,^' He testified that he then took this 
envelope over to another part of the bank where Mra« Wilson 
was waiting, and handed ±t to her. He was asked how he 
came by that cheeky in the course of his direct examination, 
and he said; "Jirs. Wilson handed it to me to endorse it;" 
and that she handed it to him with the request that he apply 
it in part payment of a loan she hadpreviously made from 
him on iriiich there was due aomething in excess of |5,000»00« 
H« further testified in substance that the Pace^had been 
trying to get him to buy the equity in this property for 
some time but he had repeatedly declined to do so, and that 
they had finally enlisted the services of Mrs« Wilson and 
promised her that if she could induce Harnstrom to buy the 
property they would pay her a commission of |5, 000*00; that 
8he,y on a number of occasions, had urged him to make this 
purchase, and he finally agreed to do so, and this $5,000,00 
check was in payment of the commission which was due from the 
Paces to Mrs, Wilson for negotiating this transfer* In 
explanation of the absence of axst Wilson's endorsement on 
the <iie<*, it was stated that she said that rather than enr- 
dorse this chedc and bank it in her account and then give 
Harnstrom her check, to apply on her loan from him> he mi^t 
as well take the check as it was and apply it as she requested, 
Mrs, Vfilson gave testimony corroborating this version of the 
|5,000«00 cheok. Both Mr» and Mrs. Paoe took the stand in 



9rft 8fi ^^0J3^^ lo sv as9fnq. odi nl Jfosrio a'^oiris^ 00*000 «80 

i!9fjnsrf eH*" ibl&& tSi-C'^ ^^* iosrio 00*000»S| ^rf* fesfcnisri 

Xl3 9i« 9i9if tllsW — 9rit bna bsek sd;t ri*lw sqc-Xavxi© ©rl* sa 

3j;r?+ ioei- rf3f-3- sd ^3di o8Xli.t85;+ £?H "sS^JSa 9ri ^6X&q&q ©ri* 

fiof , arfw injacf sri.;}- i -adi-on* o* r&vo ©qolevno 

»|Ji: ©sTOfcn© o? Sft oJ- d^x £»eJbJX«ri noeliW ♦a'SM" llsiJsa eri i5a<© 

ffloi't dbjsa t-fe^'O'ivstqbJSil ©''le n&oi b 1:o d-n»sB^S0 d-sjsxj til tl 
,00.,000«3# J-o aessKs nx ^niiUsaoli 9»Jb e«w assrf* ObIM no gjirf 

rot x^rsqoi^q sirit al rjtijpi» sff* ft/d e# fsiif s^sg o,t gaiY^J 
j-jsr/if brtis ^oa ob ot fc»nxIo©fc •%lb9t&^9rt bed. eri ^jurtf a«j:* 9flHM 

sdj XJ^d o* fflo^r d-aaisH 9oubat biuoo 9rf« !ti ^jsifjf X9d bBaim^xq 

tBii& ;0©»000td$ ^o noiaeicMoc s teif y*!^ blxrow x^sit Y^aeqoTq 

axri* 9i.8ai o* mlii bB^-m bs&ti ^amlaaooo Iro n^susa jb ijo ^tito 

00,000 .al 6idi baj5 ^oe ofc o* bs^rg-^i ^ILaall »d i}«s ^aejBiiorroq 

dil* ootl exil) eisw /lolrlw aoxaeiraajoo sdc*- to d'aaasTfjeq /U a-s» do94o 

rri .lalanjSTc* Bid* ^aitsJato-^^a lol aoaXiW .btM o# »90»% 

ao iaemearotas a'xjoeliW ^a-ca. to aoaosda ad* to aoitsAjBuCqx^ 

-^B assi& %9iit&i. tatiii bl£B ©rie i&{i& b93:M& 8«w ^i t^fesifo srf.t 

ovXs iisrf* ^£ tauoooa Taxi xtx *i inscf in* jE9<)iJe airf* taxofe 

*rb^ifl! 0ri <iflixo ieotl asol la/i no xlqqa o.t <S©erfo T».d moi^BBxan 

^P>s#s9.vp»i a fie a« *x xlqqa baa »aw *i ie!3 atoarfo eii^ ©at^^ liaw 8« 

• -* ic aoiaiav aid;}' :i^xxl*fiiocf©'Xioo x««>«i*ea^ ©v% aosliw ,8XM 

fii S.tB;>» ©ri# ico* *o.s<l .8-xM Saa *xM djhoS .Jtoarfo 00.000*21 



rebuttal and denied that there had ever been any such 
atrangement or that they had ever had any conversation 
with Mrs, Wilson involving the sale of this property or 
any services she might render in connection with such a 
transaction* 

Pace testified that he made an arrangement for 
a mortgage to clear up everything. Including this loan, 
early in 1923, At that time Harnstrom was in ill health 
and absent in California* He testified that he called up 
the hotel at Los Angeles where Harnstrom was, on January 28 
or 39, and talked witii Mrs, Wilson, telling her that they 
were ready to "put up the money and wanted to know how 
we would arrange it about getting the deed back,** and she 
•aid she would ask Harnstrom, Objection was made to fujr- 
ther testimony as to what Ur8» Wilson told the witness, 
but he then said that Mva. Wilson sent a telegram. That 
telegram appears in the record, dated at Los Angeles, 
February 2, 1933, addressed to Pace and signed by Hs.rnstrom* 
It reads; "PUT UP YOUR MONEY TITLE AND TRUST CAN WIRE ME,« 
The record shows that later in that month the Paces arranged 
to borrow $;54,000»00 from one Shelensky, sjid both these 
parties entered into an escrow agreement which was deposited 
with the Chicago Title & Tr^st Company, This agreement r«>- 
cited that Shelensky had delivered a check for |54, 00*00 to 
the Trust Company, pending the issuance of a title gustantee 
policy on the property in question, on or before March 15, 
guaranteeing against defects in the title of Mrs. p?oe to 
that property, subject only to certain formal defects referred 
to and the first morta^ge then amounting to |190,000«00» 



xfoi/e \rt& n9stf isve bad eisri* d-jsri* X>»ln9Jb f)0B l»ttu<i6i 

fici*£P.TOTr'co yos bad icQvs bad \9sU tadf to *xjeffi«sa«nti« 
1Q Y3 :i:)t ^o 9lfis scii sfilvlovai iXoaXiW .atM iS*lw 

jB ifcx.. ac)i:*09£iiico ni i9£)fl«i tO^.lia 9d» eftoi^iae x«« 

rftl-«9rf XXi fll a«w aotd-satjBK ss-i;:*' *«rf# fk .5S8X ixl )jXi«8 
X&di tiri^'taifll Ifli/Jtsi- tnoeiljf ^s-rM d^iw fcsil.®* I)b:js ^es 1:0 

^eaaxjtiir »ri* felo* ho«1xW «atM *«i"fw o* a^s ynoiBiJaQif iced* 

t&df *suj&t^®S9t « tn»8 C0Bi'2'" .««M itsriJ f)Ji«8 nsrfif arf tud 

taeXegnA aoj ■^^•' ^9*sfc ^bioosrt srf# ni stssqqa BueigaXsi' 

,aot*8HTi>S tc* freogi® feite aoA^f o* b9EBBtbb& «€8©X »£ xia'^«<^9''J 

%aE 3HIW «AD T8UHT QM ajTIT YSHOM auOT «!0 TU«t« jat«si #1 

l)9anin:T.e aso.s'I srf* dtaosc tjsrf* ai X9#6X #aif* iwodfa Jb«coo»T ariT 

assff* rftod fcn* ,ta£efi9l9M8 anc asotl 00a,000<*5| woiaocT o* 

I>©*i80q9& 8i!w dtidv &a&m99TgJ6 wotoea a» G#nl baTa^na aeltrBq 

o* 00*00t^3t TOl io»'io « Jbs-ravxXafi liuri x^aiJaXarie iadt Jba*lo 

a»*fl*«»a3H 9X*i^ « ^o aoaau/aei arf* s«ifcitaq «Yi^aqffioO Hint arf* 

*3X ribiaM 3T0l9cf TO fio «xi(0i#8«>x^p rtl t*«9qoTq arfj no xoiloq 

bs^alet 8*o»l8ft X«B5ot alA^tao o* xirto toatcfus ^xiroqozq i^dt 
*00,OOO.oex| o* 8Ei*auoffl« ti9dt »SJ8r§5hcoia c^arn arft fa* 0+ 



Th« escrow agreement further recited that the Paces had 
exectited a trust deed to Max Grossman, as trustee, to 
secure their notes covering this loan, and that the deed 
and notes had been deliveredto the Txiist Ooiipanf \inder 
the esorov agreeoient^ By the terms of the agreement the 
Paces authorized the Trust Oompany, in case they issued 
the policy called for, to pay to "3* Harnstrom funount 
necessary to obtain deed - #30,751." and interest; and 
further to pay the amount needed to obtain release of 
the secoiid and third mortgages, and then pay Grossman 
$100«00; and the balance, lesa the charges of the Trust 
Company to Mrs, Pace, The record shows that it proved 
impossible to satisfy the requirements of the Trust oompany 
as to the title and the guarantee policy contemplated by 
the escrow agreement was never issued and the money put 
up by Shelensky was returned to him* 

0- the other hand, as tending to support Hannstrom's 
version of the transaction involving the deed of the Paces 
to him, the record shows a letter dated November 16, 1932, 
less than three weeks after this deed was given, which Harn- 
strom testified he sent to Pace and which counsel for Pace 
admitted he had received, in which Harnetrom purports to 
author! Be Pace to act as his agent "and acoovint to me for 
«! the incoms and disbursements of the apartmeat building," 
in question. He adaed in this letter that he had no objec- 
tion to allow the agents who were then taking care of the 
building to continue to do so, and he went on, "but I will 
look to you and bold you respunsible and will call upon you 
for statements which you will please furnish me at any time 



besb sriJ *isi& Sfli^ <flsoi Sid* •gsitx^vm nBtoa tt^dt s^aoBe 
X9£>aij xnaqaoO fsu'i7 edi ©jbsisvi.Csij a»«cf hM ea^on fen* 

foetreei y^CA saso ni vX^^l^ioC tei/iT &tii bezlxodius a®OB<i 

lo a8£Sl9*£ flieJcfo od" bsbaea itiuoms arid- ^flQ; o* Z»iI*TXfl 

d-BJUiT^^. tp ^fgrijsrfo .arid- 8af^.<i«©««Xfi£J ©ri* fca^i jG0.»00i| 
tevoiq iti ;fBil# sworfa arlT ♦»o^<i .a^'M o# ^/laqaoO 

a90i5^ srirf lo ii99& ertJ- gjtiivlovai nox^ofiana'tt srft ^o xioieasv 

' ^SStX tSX lecffiisvoK bad-Eb iQ&isI s e-wocJa b-xoosi sifj tBiXrf o^ 

•^^bH rioxriw tnavXs s-sw fiasfi airid' is^ls aisaw ssirfi- n^sd* aeaX 

eoij'i lot l9Bri£joo rfolffw Jbnfi »0is<5. o:t tiJ»e »n! fc^Xtld-eat ttolJa 

0!^ etioqtuq isor&sais^ rfoinw nX ^fisTxsoa^ bsd arf JbSJhS-Xmfcj® 

■lol era o* itwotios brrjs" i-nsga eiri 8« :toj8 o* 9Dje<5 ssXTOrfS'i;* 

«,§aiX)Iiifcf iada&xsqs ^ii& ^o ad-nsmeasx/cfaxiiJ bajs maitidLal &dt ISt 

~Ost;€fo oa fcsrf ari jBri* i ?;ft9X exd# xii: fjaiai-jB ©H «floi^&dxip at 

srf.t 1o aiiso 3«X3lj** ttsdf a-xaw orfw e^^lrr^aJ8 6>rfi}- woIXjs o* noiJ 

Xfiw I tL-d" ftxro :fnftw srf bnfl ^oe at o* ©Jc;ni*noo oif anifcXiiftf 

ijox nogsf X Iso XXxtt bns ttldlBa&qeei i/oy ftXori baa fiox Otf' iooX 

ami* Y^^B ^'Q offi riainiifl aafi-jXff IXx?/ uo\ rfoxrfw a*ns«a*jB*8 lol 



-1&- 

that you are called upon hereafter. This agreement is 
subject to cancellation by myaelf at any time," No explana- 
tion of this letter on the part of Pace appear© in the record, 
so far as we have been able to find. There is also a letter 
in the record, dated December 16, 1932, to the agents who 
had long had charge of the building, appointing them to 
act for Haxnstrom on this building which, "formerly belonged 
to Mr, and Mrs. Pace," and directing the agents to pay 
the seni ann\ial interest due on the first mortgage the fotloir^ 
ing January* There is another letter signed by Uarnstroaij, 
"oimer," directed to all tenants in the building and notify- 
ing them to pay rent to the agaits Cline & Dix, "Mr, and 
Mrs. Wm, S. Pace having disposed of their interest," Another 
letter dated January 1, 1925, addressed to Oline & Dix appears 
in the record, in which Harnstrom refers to instructions con- 
cerning the payment of the interest on the first mortgage 
and asks them to see the agents to whom the payments were 
to be made on that mortgage, and if possible arrange with 
theffl to accept payment ofthe interest at that time* 

Oline testified that the letter addressed to hit 
firm, dated December 16, was received by them at that time, 
but that the one addressed to the tenants was not received 
by them until March 24, 1923« He was asked when he received 
the letter dated January 1,1923, and he answered "Well» the 
first part of January I think," He was later recalled to 
the stand and testified that he had refreshed his memory 
as to the letter of January 1, and that it was received by 
him on ILsUdti 31, 1923, being handed to him personally at 
the Edgewater Beach Hotel by Mrs. Wilson, In that letter 
HarnstrMa purports to state that he is ill in Southern 



-mslqxs oli '-'.ami* x»a ^« l!l*^t» t^ flfc>i*«II»oai» ot to»|;cfif8 

4.brE009T srf5^ ill aijssqqjs 90.9*I to fr&q 9t» no "ist^dl 8lrf* lo colt 

T9td-3l s osljs 8l 3t9rfT ,Jb/il1: ct <»Icf£ n93cf dvAjl 0W as aal os 

o;f m^xl* §ni*fll^6q<^ ^•^aihlxL^ Bdt "to sgxsrfo Jb«rf gfiol S»ri 

ysq Qt Qtn3-^s sdi- aflitoe'3:l^ festfi "^soje*! *sn:M fcn^ ^iM o;f 

-£3too snoid-outtBfix c;t ertat^t xaotctafl^sH rfeijrfw al ^i^toos*!: ^d^ nt 

drew asf/isffiY^tl ^-"'^ !*c m ot eicr^^B arf,t a«8 out modt 9isis bos 

^m:l& fMl^ is ts&tsint 9d.tto &ami<x^ *q[eo9« o* metii 
Bid of b«BS9ifef)B is&iBl edit 3'j?rf;t bet\it»fit «BiiO 

baviBo&r ion qjbw eJnjEff©* sff* ot i>eQS9Si:)&A &no »di tAdi iati 

2d& «II»lft'*» BsTawarts sd .bos ^^BSi^l ^maMT, h»tsb XBit9l srftf 

YToi««ffi aJtri j&»d89Ti©tr bm 8x1 ;tJ8riJ Jb9l^l#s9;r iJ«a bn&i* »di 

** TiI«CToef3q mid o& bi^h&Md raiser ^SSSX ^lE rfataM *to »irf 

i(«irteX *,»rf* fji .iioeXlw .BTM Y*^ XetfoH dojma t9tsv9^b^ ed* 

ant»rf?i;o3 ni iXx ax ®ri j^ad.t sj^i-a o^ s&ioqtisq moxtBateR 



We have stated the substance of the material evi- 
dence bearing on the iaaue of whether a debt existed from 
the Baoes to Hamstron and whether the understanding was that 
the deed given Harnstrom was to be what it ouxported to be 
on its faos or whether it was, on the other hand, to be in 
the nature of a mortgage. On this conflicting state of the 
record, we are of the opinion that it aay not reasonably be 
said that the finding of the master and the decree of the 
chancellor, to the effect that the conveyance was in the 
nature of a mortgage, is against the manifest wei^t of 
the evidence* On the contrary, the evidence is clear and 
convincing that the conveyance was a mortgage and not a deed* 
In our opinion no 61ther decree could stand in this case* 

Appellant further urges in support of his appeal 
that the decree of the chancellor should be reversed becaxise 
certain necessary parties were not made def enian ts. In this 
connection it is pointed out that although the Trust Company 
was made a party defendant, as trustee, it was not made a 
party defendant as esoroweej and that although Grossman 
was made a party defendant, as trustee, he was not made 
a party defendant individually; and further that the owners 
of the notes secured by the Groeeman trust deed were not 
made parties defendants In our opinion these contentL one 
are without merit, if for no other reason, because no such 
question was raised in the trial court. As to the unknown 
owners of the notes eeoured by the arossman trust deed, it 
appears that appellant himself toxou^t them in as parties 
when he filed his cross-bill. As the record stands they 



MOtt Jbstaixa Waf) s isdJariw lo aueex rtrt? no gfiirtJsecf soxiei) 

ni q6 ot ^baad •rori.to ©/f;f iro^aaw iTi xeriteriw to ©osl sti no 
9i» to 9*fi*Bi SffiJoil'ifloo sirid' aO .©gJSsJtoia s lo ©X0*jsn ail* 
9cr '^Io'«no»fl3'r toa xsm ti i&dt aoiaiqo add- to ai« sw tfeioosi 

»jQ'j' nj: csw dOfl£'X'*''''*^'50i- srf* *Bri* to all* exliJ- o* ^lollaouBdo 

to tt^iow *e9tiflJ8» 9ri* JaaxJs^jB gi j^gsv^j-TOEs s lo 9rutea 

boB rmLo al sonebivs 9 At ^-^ot&tKX) &iU nO »9on9i)l'78 erf* 

*i)»s»Jb .6 joff fcns e^jBgi-roia js saw sonjs^srxioo arlrf- ^-'Jdjf gnionivxioo 

iSSJSO airfJ ctl fexrjsfe £>jLt/oe eaxosi) asdt© on aolnxqc trjjo xtl 

BTtsfrwc 9d# ted* tadtrtfl ban iti"l«trfcivi&0i tnaftflslali Y^^tjaq « 

*orr 91911 ba-^b t^^srtf ai^BOO^ »d# ^tf £)»Ttro»B esJfon 9'i* lo 

BttO JtitQtttCto »8»d* Kcifliifo tsjo al .Ja^JhflaleA soi^rsuag a|}«fl 

douB Off dawBood eH08a«T Tsdio vn ■tol 1:i ji^ixaai tuodd-i* ex* 

ai^oniittif ddt oJ- «A .Jiifco I^sirt* ^ri* ni Jaeaijsr saw noite«xrE> 

;fi tbssJb d'ai/T?' iXBiBaao^O srlrf- y^I ^^'iS^aOB sesfOit adt to eianwo 

«»t*Tr«cr 8JS itl «9cf* td|sJUO«d lloasxd JfiSiXflKj^js ^jsd* axsaqcrA 

^^tl* »bflj83-c Mood-i ^tid- aA .Ilid-asoio aid i)«IJ:l sd asrfir 



-18- 

were not necessary parties to the complainant "s bill, for 
the esorov agreement to which we have referred shows that 
these notes had been delivered under the agreement to the 
Trust Company^ and when the Trust Ciompany was authorieed 
to return Shejensky^s money to him, they were directed over 
the signatures of all the parties to the escrow agreement, 
to retain the securities. An escrow officer of the Trust 
Company appeared and testified that the notes were still 
in the possession of the Trust Company « The decree finds 
that these notes "are now in the possession of the defendant 
Chicago Title & Trust Company and ought to be cancelled and 
delivered «p to the makers, "and by the terms of the decree 
the Trust Company is restrained from parting with the custody 
of these notes; and the defende.nt Grossman, as trustee, is 
ordered to execute autid deliver A release of the trust deed, 
which had been given by the Paces in connection with those 
notes* Although this specific relief had not been prayed 
for in the bill, it was entirely proper to provide for it in 
the deovee, under the prayer for general relief* It is com- 
plained that it was error to direct the release of this 
trust deed without ordering a cancellation of the notesa 
As already pointed out, the decree specifically finds that 
the notes shoula be cancelled and delivered up to the makers, 
and we assumO that such a covirse would be a necessary part 
of the operation involving the release of the trust deed. 

It is claimed that the trustee xinder the first 
mortgage and the agents appointed as collectors of the 
sinking fund, set up to meet the first mortgage bonds ae 
they came due, were unnecessarily parties. In our opinion 
this contention is without merit* They wer* proper parties* 



tot ^llid c'*n.«niBX(ifl!oo ^ri* o^ 89i:;^t^ Y^isaasoftxj *Ofl 9te« 
iBiit aworfe bf»ti9l9i av^ri sw doid^ oS iaemQXB^ wo^cobs drf* 

19VO betoQitb &-£9fi varfit ««sxri bt ij^itom g«t^oa»|8r!8 i«tf*»a o* 

i-sutT odd- lo -reoil:!;© we-soes cA »a9i*ii.tfo»B srf* xii£*«« o* 
T/i*a ^rrsw a®*OH sii* **ilt fc@lli*a»# &aa b'^i^-mqqM t^a^Q^BoO 

JjKJsJbrtslsA 9rf;f 10 nolaBsas^q 6fl^ ni wok «t»« as^ojs ^aeri* tisd* 

el iS9&mjif SB ,£rJSffi8aO"tD tns&cfSlefc ©rf* bna ja^d-Ofi eeaiff 1:o 

|>9Y<e'i'. ' l:®xl9rE oJlio®qB siri.t dguorf^IA *as*on 

rti Ji TO'i sDxvoic o.^ taqctrq Tjlaii^xi© eiM9 it ,XIXtf ©lit fli TOl 

Qlri* lo ea^sIsT: gd* io&itb oi ro%x9 as-w ;M isdi bsai&Iq 

gViQiOii 9dt io ttoitsllsoaso a gnxisfexo #i/oc{#iw fceeij tBurt 

*scf;t Rbflx'1: t-C-^'Sa-El-coQqa asio^lb sAt ,*jao Jfes^nioq -^Efc^STla sA 

<.aT9i£ffi d«& o* (jfc' ^9rrevil9£> ba£ bttil^oaso ftcf juXx/oda a«*Oii ©ri* 

j-'Cijq x^«a8«sefl b ad I>L/ow ©exijoo « rious :fi3di^ eauaas ©w bn* 

.Jb©©!!' *8i/i;}- ©riir lo sb^sIst: ©drf' §flivlovni nottRt^qo s^'r^ to 

srfj lo 8To#ooXXco ejs Jbed-nioqq^a ad-flsgs ^df baa 9g&^txom 

floiaiqo rao til ^nsi^xA^ ^ilTaaes&Qmto a-raiir ,»ju-i) 8ffi«o x^dt 
i^sltrsq Tsqota stow Y^ffT „ttf.9et tttor:tii!r ei ffoitfim^iioo «id* 



-19- 

We find no error in that part of the decree 
fixing the attorney's fees at |4,000.CX) or taxing two 
fifths of the coats against the appellant* 

It is further contended that even if all the 
evidence in this case is believed to be true except that 
produced by Harnatrom and his witnesses, the decree should 
be reversed because it is inequitable and umjust in that 
it does not require the repayment of #30,000*00 with 
interest at 7 per cent to Hamstrom but only $25,000*00 
with interest at 5 per oent» In view of all the evidence 
in this record we are of the opinion the decree as entered 
was in all respects equitable and just. 

It is finally ixrged that there is every evidence 
of collusion between the Paces and the complainant Lill» 
sudi as should bar either of them from any standing in a 
court of conscience or from recfciving any equitable relief. 
We agree with the finding specifically noted in the master's 
report on this point, to the effect that "no collusion between 
the said Lill and Pace has been established." In our opinion 
there is no analogy between the situation disclosed in 
(kspT Rational Bank v . Jenner, 268 111, 142, to which counsel 
have called our attention on this point, and that presented 
here* If the Paces found themselves in a situation where 
they were unable to get the title to their property in suda 
shape as was necessary to get a title guarantee policy, de- 
manded by ons who was ready to maUte a sufficient lean to 
clear off all the encumbrances against the property junior to the 
first mortgage, and without such loan they were not in a 



asiosJb 9rf.t to tT«q &&di nl ricm© on batt 9W 

^£^i tqBox9 Bart 9d o* tevellscf si: ©sso eirft fll ssofn&fcivs 
t»d#= JSti tawtctf tifl^ eXcr«tJ!jjp9JHi si #i »«jj3o®tf i'ejweTSu: 3<f 

9©flal>iv9 arid- '-eiv hI ,*ii»c irsq 2 tn tsensfni ri^lw 

&»T9:^££S s& 99'iQ2b ©o'if flolfliqo acft "to SIB 9W feioosT eiri* ax 

3 fiJt ^uk&aaia yes fiie*l aarfj- ^o laditft tsd blaoda a« doxfs 
*l9tl»r 9ldJBtrjp3 Yfl« gxilviiosT fficntl to ^ocmiosaoo lo *x!joo 

fles^scf itolewlloo on" d-srjj toslle ari.t o.t t*flioq aid* no tsoqsi 

rrclr; .:vr rvo ril "^jJbsdsilcfBJBS xisscf asrf ao.eS ibn« IliJ Jbi^e arf* 

nx fceeoXoeifc nox^aurf-ie srft iis©w#9Cf xsol*^^ ofi si sxsrfw^ 

Xsam/oo rfoiiiW otf ,g:^X .1X1 898 ^rsmi9\ ,v iiT >?g, Ij6f;oiJ-.eH rtetfaj^ 

!b»&R9B^rq_ &isjii brsB <*fuoq airf.t no aol&a&ttju. i.uo JbsXX^o ©vsx^ 

»isrfw /rol^jRu^ie .?- n.c eaTXeeafari^f haaot sbojsI 9df 11 if9X9d 

ribue at xit^Goiq Tiddt o^' fsl^it ant *»s o* sXd'sai/ etdw iferi* 

-©!> eXo-^roq- »atnfiT,ffly^ ^ lag od" Tt«8e©odfi afiw ajs aqsda 

orf- fljSftX Jrtaioil'tiirs » ei^as o,-t ■^Jb5':5i: as^ odw aao i:cf JS^sJbffSic 

d;t o;r -sdtiTttt Ti^Taqo^q eil* *a/ix«vsjc asonJt^cfisfjon© 9tit IXjj 'ilo tjssXo 

« ai ton 819* xarf^ fl«oI ^-osjB i-yodifiw bus ^es^^d-roin jfeai't 



-20* 



position to pay the amount called for on the loan froa 

Harnstromj and Harnatrom, as is apparent from this record, 

take 
oame t£/tbe poslticm with regard to whis transaction Fhich 

he endeavored to eetabiish in thie caae; and if Lill, who 
had become the owner of the junior mort^gcs, wae not dis- 
posed to be imfriendly to them; and If in taking the action 
he has taken in prosecuting this foreclosure suit, Lill 
was thereby disposed to not only protect his own interests, 
as euoh action unquestionably did, but also save the paces 
froa an entire loss of their equity in the property and 
■aks it possible for them, with the additional time thereby 
resulting, to se-ks a. further effort to make such provision 
for the payment of the amounts found due to Lill and Harn* 

stroD under this decree, we are unable to see how any harm 
is thereay done to any of the parties, nor, in our opinion^ 
may such a situation be reasonably said to be in any way 
inconsistent with the proper conscience of a court of ea;iity« 

ft For the foregoing reasons, the decree of the 
Superior Court is affirmed* 



TAYLOR, P,J. AND 0»OOM«OR, J. OOliCUR* 



-»*8il> ion ami ^sagjeg^xois loiAwf, Tfiii^o sAt »fljoo9<J JbJuJ 

»tiira ^awavio&iel aitit a«i*JM«9«oiq ai xj«ats;t a^rf arf 

Al«f{ X;c^ woif n&B ot sXcf^au 9TS 0W ^neio^b »idt r%bmt aci^a 
^atylai.- — ■ nX ^lea ^jaaxtft^i 9f^.t ts t^^ *>* sxiob ^sidrf* el 
X«« H.u'^' -':.i; ^d o-t ftisa xXtf«H08«8T ad acttauita n /Jei/a y«« 



, •?!:)» tfOO»d GTMA .I,,<i ,HO,iYAT 



47 - S1164 

PEOPLE OF THE STATi; OF ILLINOIS, ) 
Defendant in Error, 

▼• 

HELEN JANKOISKI, 



ERROR TO 

CRIMINAL COURT, 
COOK COUNTY. 



Plaintiff in Error. | \ 

;i44l.A.634 

apiadoa filed mt<:k 8« WKf^ 

MR, JUSTICE THOMSON delivered the opinion of 
the court* 

The defendant, Helen Jankowski, was indicted for 
mayhem. There were two counts in the indictment, one 
charging her with assault with intent to commit mayhem, 
and the other charging her witia destroying the eye si^t 
of one Joseph Krysinski with malicious intent to maim or 
disfigure him» The jury found the defendant guilty and 
fixed her punishment at one year in the County Jail and 
a fine of gl, 000*00. Judgment having been entered on that 
verdict; the defendant has sued out this writ of error. 

The defendant contends that the evidence failed 
to establish her guilt, beyond all reasonable doubt. The 
record shows that the defendant had been rianning a small 
candy store. The complaining witness Joseph Krysinski, 
was apparently in the candy business, selling to stores, and 
he had been selling ca.ndy to the defendant fior some time. 
The testimony introduced by the prosecution tends to show that 
the defendant sold her store to a woman named Antonia Drozdik 
and that at that time she owed Krysinski a balance of $36.75; 
that she later paid him |20»00 of that amount; that at o^e 









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time she went te ck to her store and aeked Mrs* Drosdlk 
if she was still buying candy from Krysinski, and finding 
that she was, the defendant asked her to tell him to oome 
over to her house and get the balance she owed him - writ- 
ing her address on a card and leaving it with Mrs. Droedik 
for the latter to give to Krysinski* The state's evidence 
tends further to show that Krysinski went to her house 
several times in August, 1935, to get his money> but the 
defendant claimed she was vmable to pay it and asked him 
to come later» The evidence further is to the effect that 
one Saturday afternoon in September, 1925, Krysinski was out 
in a new automobile truck he had bought, receiving instructions 
on the driving of it from a chauffeur in the employ of the 
trudc CGmpany who had sol:d him the truck, and they passed 
the defendant on the street, and at her signal stopped, and 
she and Krysinski had some conversation, in which she asked 
him to come over to the house and she would pay him the money, 
and it was arranged that he oome over the following afternoon, 
which was 9\mday, September 27 » Krysinski testified that he 
went to the defendant's home at that time and knocked on the 
door; that the door was opened a few inches and he saw the 
defendant standing inside, but the door was not opened fully, 
but closed again and looked; and that after a few minutes 
it was again opened, and suddenly some liquid was thrown over 
his head and faoe, whit^i blinded him; that hetumed and left, 
making his way to a place about a block away, where there was 
some water, where he tried to wash his eyes and face; that 
he was unable to see anything clearly, saying that objects 
looked as thou^ he were looking throu^ tissue paper. He 
then testified that he went home; was cared for by several 
doctors, without success, and then was an inmate of a hospital 



anifcnxt I3K6 »i:il8nJt:e\;i2i isoa'i Yi>fljso gniYwd IIi*a see sda 11 

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-Ji^w -^ said b9W0 srfe ^^onfilsd artJ isrg ba» »aisod t»ri o;f tero 

jfifeaotC .e-rM ri;fi;w ti s«-tvssi baa btBo c no R89-tJbb.8 ned gni 

oaixorf i:8fl ot tflsw jtilBfli-s-ifsS *J3rf* wode o;? t*d*:uja &taai 
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•ncit^utieai acxviaosT ^.trfg/jocf jd^s/I sri ioxn:* slidOfflOtiiB wen s at 

^dt to yQ-£h^® ®^* fl-t lusTljjjsrfo « «ot1: :fi; l:o gnivitdb ©ilj no 

£>98e«q Y9dt JDHs tioiJiit add' asiri feioe iJBri oifw '^ijuscfasoo afojj'j:* 

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,-v:»«Offi 9ri:f ffilrf y*Q[ fcXi/ow tria .bn.s saucd ©rij o* x9ro ©aoo cj mid 

efloofTts^lB sniwoIXol: ary- i9vo »3ioo ssi fadf b^'guMri.t a.ew d"! ba& 

erf* no feaioooif fcius ©ml* ted* ;i»i •xco/i Q'#/aaba»'It0fo •i&.ot ta%m 

sd* W.S8 s»d bfif. aadonc wst a b9£t»qo a^Bir roob ad* :^«drf• jioob 

tTXJxrl bfia^qc ton a.BW ^ooJb ad* issd ^ebtsai i^albas&a taJibastab 

B&&uatm w»l « T9.tt« ;t«rf* fcKfi jJbeiooX fens nij^^a baaoXo d-trcf 

revo awoTd* sjw biuoiX suiob xXasbfcxfs jbas tfianago aijssa ajsw ii 

t#l»I fcn.e f)9rrruif«f ;Jadd- imxri babatlcS rfoldw t«o«1: fcaa fejead aid 

B,8« atadd- 9i9dw <y«w» iooXd c ^x.odjs »oisXq -b o^ x^^ airf 8iii:J«iH 

t.«d* iao.B'i i)n« aa^s aid dam of iali:;^ 9d e-iadw ^rca^jsw ©moa 

a^odtcfo *i8dj 3fllx«a tYlT-nalo 'a^^rf^Yfl^ »«8 o* elcfjsoj 8«w ed 

sH .^SKjjsq aaaai* t^i/oTd* SaxlooX 9a©w sri fJ^x/orfJ as bsiool 

JJnnr&s Ytf tol .barrio a^w jsujod :fnf-- -- • -i- " -.'Iri^BS* n©d# 

X«*lq80d it -to 9&mai an aav aafil ba£ ^sB-s,ooij^ iuo^i^ ^aTOtooJb 



for seven weeke, without improving, after which he went 
to a Dr, Kraft* This latter doctor testified that Krysinski 
was totally blind and always would be, and that the condition 
of the eyes as he found them was oaxised by some caustic or 
acid, Krysinski was corroborated by the testimony of the 
chauffeur, who was teaching him to drive his new truck, and 
of Mrs, Drosdik, who bought the store from the defendant, 
Krysinski was asked ibether he had ever had sexual inter- 
course with the defendant and he said that he neverhad. He 
further stated that at the time tiie acid was thrown, he was 
not inside the defendant's house. The police officer who 
arrested the defendant testified that he talked with her at 
the station and she admitted she had thrown liquid of some 
kind on Krysinski, and in explanation of this she told hin 
that after Krysinski had been coming to her store for some 
months, selling candy> he came back into the rear of the store 
with her and had intercourse with her, and that this had occurr- 
ed at different times up to the time she sold the storsj 
over a period of four months j after whidi he visited her at 
her home and they had intercourse there» up to within about 
four months before the incident involved in this prosecution* 
She said that her husband had found out about it and questioned 
her and at first she would not tell about it, and then he had 
learned something of it through their eldest child, after 
which he had again confronted her, and she then told him the 
truth about it, whereupon her h\i8band told her to get out. 
The officer further testified that Uie defendant told hia 
that when Krysinski oame to her house on the afternoon of 
September 37, he knocked on the door and when she answered*. 
"he rashed in and struck me;« that she then screamed and ran 
to the kitchen and took "a bottle of some stuff I think what 
ay husband used to clean or flush the basins in the toilets," 



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10 olt&uBo sffios Ytf Jb9B0«o a-jsw iHsd* Jbjsaol Sri 86 &BX& 9tti 1:o 

s?f;f to -^floisii^ss* 9xi* t«i' bsjfSTOcroTioo eew I^IanieYxS ,Jbiea 

-s&^isi Is;/X98 bed lavs b«rf srf ^sdd-sffw bBlBB saw iaBrtla-^nX 
9H .fcKrfasvsn ©ri tAB& bi&e srf bnfi SttSS^BtBlot ectf rf^iw esirjuoo 
aa«r sri ,nwoirit esw Mojb adJ- 9»i# *^^^ rf'fi *«r}* BeJfite r^dt'iut 

ocfw tsoitlo aojtioq SffT *»8ixorf 8't«ft^^»l»fc »ffi" ©Maal S'on 

amoe to blupll aftotdt bAri srfa b9J;fi:aI)S srfa bits noi^jste eri* 

flsiri folot srie slrft to ttot&MasslqyLB al baj& ^tAMialBX'tS. no baii 

saoe tro'i 910*8 xerf o& gniiEOO rra&cf bsri Jtslafrieijiii Ti>;MiS JsriJ 

flioite srio- to rsor sdt otai ioeo jiisao srf tt^fi-sc salliea tSrfJixotH 

'rf airfi- #«dd- brti? ^-.tad djj'lw <9eiijoot»*ffl 6^«rf £«« xsirf rf*iw 

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*x/odB iiifl^riw oj qi? t^^z^dt estuoo'Siet&I hsid ^eri* JbiXB effiosl Tsd 

♦jaoi^i-foaeoTq; eirid- ni JaavXovci ^nsbioai ed* ai©t©<f arftiiom xuo't 

bsnoiS-esjjp £>fl« *x tJuoci« ivo bauol h&d bajidBud t&d t&i;3' bt&B arfe 

fjBri 9d fisri* bffs ^*i d-.aoci« Xiarf- ton Mrow ©lie *airi .t« ba& red 

te^J-ls tfellifo tesl^Xs tisdi dgisordi ii lo snirfd-aaoa JbsflsfisX 

edJ airf bio* iierfj- aria bn.?. ,t©r{ fcs^noalfloo ft.ij8s« hsd od rfoiriw 

»*^o ^a® 0* 19A bloS bnecfeuiff t^xf iioqAfS'ieiCw «*! *wocfJB ri*iai# 

jairf blot trntmim acif *.erf* b»ili*8»* x^dtruJ. tBonio ^dJ 

to aaoa-zn^lj^ ff>dy no ©ax/off lari o* ^tam Uaata^xJ as^w *«/!* 

.5bet*wsKB Qde mdm ba» xoob Bdt ao b^izioai ©rf ^fS x^daafqeB 

ii«i baa bmmxoB mdf grfe t^Ai "jem ^xr^rte !>«« nl bsd^sx sri« 

**iiw afairf* I t^ja 9,aoe to 9X**od b« ioo* bns «a/fo;fi>t arf* o* 

\8»9XiG* »d* ai 8fli,^ 3d* dBisn xo ns^lo 0* bsax; baadsud y« 



which she thre» at him; that he ran out through the front 
door and she threw the bottel at him, whereupon she ran out 
into the backyard screaming and the neighbors called the 
police. The officer said he saw some white stains aroxmd 
the front doorj that he examined the floors and carpets 
in the house but did not see anything unusual about them. 

The defen ant lived In a first floor flat and her 
yoxmger sister and husband lived on the second floor. The 
two latter testified that they heard her scream for help 
on the afternoon in question and that the screams came from 
the direction of the kitchen. A next door neighbor testi- 
fied that she had seen Krysinski the week before, on Satur- 
day evening talking with the defendant, apparently near the 
house, for about 15 minutes, when she came in and he walked up 
and down apparently waiting for her, but she did not oome out. 
She further testified that she had seen Krysinski about there 
a niomber of times before on a truck which he would leave 
standing nearby in front of a grocery store, ♦'and he would 
be gone fully three quarters of an hour over to her place," 

The defendant testified that she never owed 
Krysinski anythihg; that after he had been selling her candy 
at the store for a short time, he began his attempts to be 
intimate with her and that on one occasion at the store, he 
followed her out in the kitchen, where she had gone to get some 
money to pay him for Itoe oandy he was delivering, and there 
he approached her and overcame her resistance and had inter- 
course with her; that she told him she would have him arrested 
and he told her if she did anything like that or told anyone abou 
it, he would kill her and also kill himself. She also testi- 
fied that on another occasion he had intercourse with her at her 



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iiiuorEi BnlsJ-s sd-iriw eince wjse sr! i'ifio isoltl© srfT jsSoiloq 

■'.)"5 

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•3ffT .toon Imoosa srf* co .&9ViI brtMBWff f?a« 2»Jaie xsgm/ox 

botI sffijso ssisstoa srft t£d& fbxis xrolti»»?jp iii aoo/n»*1;« &d& ao 

-•t;,.rc". ;to ^STOlsd 3(99w erfJ- ii'^eiti^tx^ xs»»e £>»rf srfa *Brf* Bell 

qii b^lLM^ ©rf bn£ ni scsjso o<ir?i n^d-v ^39$^JalB ?,£ tuodJi toI ^ssxrori 

,iT;o scsoo j-on ^db fide iud , /t -gnttlav ^If ae'xjscqs mrob ha» 

9r9d& iuod& MBotB^rl rrese bBr! ade JcdJ fe«ll:id'e©* Twdrf-Ti/l »rf8 

»vBdX bluow 3d rioidw io-tn* ,« sxo s'lotsd' &S£Bit ^o rsdrnt/li" j» 

f)lL'OW 9d fca^'* tSTota "^laoo-xg £ to faenl at ijcftBsn gnljonjste 

"♦aoBlq tsii o^ -cevo Ti;oa ub lo aaa^J-xsijp eax-tft ^XIjj-1 enog acf 

f)8i«ro T9V9ii aria .tisd.^ b?>niia9S *ajRfene>x»i; ajfT 

Y^n^o i9d sjTi-CIes rtsscf bad 9d -sacMa isdi i-giitdtxa& iaCaciex^I 

ad orf- e&qmBtfts aid n.egad" ad ^»mi:t irroda s -xot s^toi'e axU- *« 

ad «,8io*8 sdd :!■« nriesooo 9flo flo *iid* isoB isid d*iw ©i'«a!i*jBl 

•»08 J-ag o,t Mc:> io stearic «fledo*Jt?f 9d& tit ;fi;o tad Jbawo.CXol: 

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oaXjs 9rfe »^X9emxd llt:i oaX/s £«« tad XXli JbXwow ad <*i: 

Tsd *« Had fijiw asxuootajnl fc«d ad aolBSaoo r»d&oa& no *ed* ijail 



-5- 

home. She testified that on September 20, the Sunday 
before the incidont involved here, Krysinski was out in 
front of the house walking up and down, and her husband 
aaked her what he was doing there and she said he had better 
ask Kryeinski, she said Krysinski ha€ often suggested 
that she poison her husband, saying that he would poison 
his wife and then they could be married, and that she said 
she had her children, and he said, "my people and his people 
is going to oare for my children and his children, and I 
said no»" It ap wears from the record that at the time the 
defendant was testifying, in March, 1926, her husband had 
procured a divorce from her - as the defendant put it - 
"He say Krysinski is my sweetheart, now I lose my home 
and my children," The defendant had four children* She 
said three of them were her husband^ s. She was asked who the 
father of the youngest one was and objection to that question 
was sustained* 

On cross-examination she denied ever seeing 
Krysinski with the truck driver. She also denied ever asking 
him to come over to her house for Ms money, saying she never 
owed him any money. In rebuttal Krysinski took the stand and 
denied the testimony of the defendant to the effect that 
he had suggested he would poison his wife and she shoiad 
poison her hueband and then they could live together* 

It would seem to be aj^arent that neither of the 
prinoipitle involved in this case told the truth. No reason- 
able person would believe that Krysinski went to the defend- 
ant's house merely to c(ilect the balance of $16.00, without 
ever having had any trouble with her, either concerning that 
small debt or anything else, and that practically out of a 



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~ tx juq ;tn.scae'±si5 ad* as - lad atwl ^oiovib a bB'UfOOTq 

aaion \fii 960l 1 ^ '^©jdd-©»we yai «i: JtsfacJtax'iJt l«e »«" 

srfe ♦fls^cJbXxxio Tijol: l:>iid tmbsmtBh erfT ^.flftafcXi/to \io i)Xf« 

9dt odw .bsiBB afiw sdB .e'feixsoftwd tod 9s»wr ffl^f^S- 'io 9&'idt fciaa 

lolfeairp #jjd* o:r aoii-oet^^o £>»«« asw 9«o ^easmroY sdd- to iced^al 

,--- ■. -...'J ,., _...-^ - . .-. :.ini;ttBX»-«e»o-xo nC- 

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Tcsven 9da ^a±\»B ^^ajiom si' lel setjori T:9d oi X9ro aiaoo o* mid 

5fi« jbcs^Te arij 3[oo* i.'ssiiietiH lAttt«(@r. al .^tcojo Yi3« mid btme 

tsd& i^oetls 9d# 0* isL?.bixBJ.9b Bdt to ^coaijt^J'B^* 9drt b9laBb 

bluods sda bnn f^'iiw r.xr* nosioq bLtsovs sd ijataajg^ifB fejid »d 

»idd^9»o,t t nad# iStfi* Mfidsud T^d /xoaieq 

-jKoe^»T (iU ^dtuxt 9di blcf saso aid* ai h^rloyral alAjionitcq 

^fcnstsb ad* o* tn»K l3lB«ia\"iX cfJid* 9V»2I««r !>Ix/ow noaisq aid* 

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« ^o *tjo xXiJBol^cjwq trMt bas «eei9 gflid^ifas lo &d»b Umu 



-6- 

clear sky she would throw this strong liquid into his face« 
The defendant showed by her own testimony that she appreciated 
that whatever this liquid was it was very powerftol, because 
she described that her husband used it with a sort of swab 
made out of a bvinoh of cloth would around a sticky 

On the other hand, we see no reason to doubt the 
testimony of the chauffeur and Mrs, Droedik, in spite of the 
defendant's contradictions of their testimony. From all the 
•vidence in the record, we are inclinad to believe that 
Krysinski had been unduly intimate with the defendant* By 
her o^im admission, as shown in this record, her husband had 
procured a divorce txam her on that ground, naming Krysinski 
as a co-respondent, and in that case he had procured the 
custody of their three children. In his closing argument 
counsel for the State reasoned to the jury that even if the 
otory told by the defendant, about her intimaoy with Kryaiaiaky 
were true, still she had not related a situation justifying 
her admitted act of throwing this substance into Kjrysinsky's 
face and blinding him. The jury apparently took that view 
of the sitxiation, and we are not in a position to say that 
they were not j\istified in doing so. While, as already stated, 
w« do not believe that either of these parties told the whole 
truth, we have reached the conclusion, after a very careful 
consideration of all the evidence, that we cannot say the 
jury were uot justified in finding the defendant guilty 
beyond all reasonable doubt* 

The only other contention urged by the defendant 
In this court is that the proeecuting attorney made sntfa 
a prejudicial and inflammatory argument to the jury as to 



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;}-Brf.t V3S ot rio.iilBoq « nl ;J-Ofl 9ts sw iifl« ,nol*auJj;s erf* ^f 

aloriw a.r(* feXo^ Bsi&rsq SBSrlcf lo i9ri*i9 *«ri* &v9tl9ti foa ob »w 

IirtsTBo xiQv a tQ&'is ^aclauloaQo sri* b9(tos9t avjsd aw tdjfin:* 

&£fcf X&B tona.so 9w jsri* ^sDiraiaiv® 9di- c noi^axafcieaoo 

♦Jdx/ob 9Xcf«noaAs« XI« btto\9d 
£bff8 9£>i9H •^SOTOJS.As gaXd-tfosaotq 84* *«rf^ sx *i /oo 3Jti{;f ct 



-7- 

interfere with her receiving a fair trial, we have 
examined all of this argument, as it ap ears in the record, 
In one or two minor respects the prosecutor miequoted 
the tftstifflony but not to such an extent as to make this 
a material matter* Most of the remarks indulged in by 
him, to which objection was made, were statements n^ioh 
were warranted by the evidence which had been submitted 
by the proseoutiono One or two statements he made were 
very apparent exaggerations, but, on the whole, we are 
unable to conclude that the argument was sudb as to warrant 
this court in disturbing the finding of the jury* In 
the course of his remarks he referred to the wife and 
children of Kryeinski* Hit wife was in court and at that 
point in the argument she was apparently crying and making 
such a disturbance that the court interrupted the argument 
and had her removed from the room, saying that no such 
demonstration would be permitted. We do not deem that 
incident sufficiently serious to wairrant a conclusion on 
our part that the defendant's ri^ts were unduly prejudiced. 
The trial court acted promptly in the matter; he witnessed eveiy- 
thing that transpired and was apparently of the opinion that 
it did not justify setting aside the verdict* There is 
nothing tn the record, relating to this incident^ which 
would warrant -ttiis court in overriding the judgment of the 
trial court concerning it* 

Another point is made in the brief involving 
a question of newly discovered evidence as a basis for a 
new trial but no mention ie made of this matter in the 
argument presented and it will therefore be deemed to have 
been waived« 

' 4 



i>T000T 9rf^ ni stsa qs .ti as ,tm0!08^« «id* la lis b@iiim»XB 

fcas-oirpsiia iiottroeacfq eri* «*09q$i3i ream mi 10 eno al 

sirf* e:^sa 0.+ 3« *rt8*3t» as dsm o* #©JtJ **«f jmrntts^i »A^ 

rfolrfw 8rf-n©ffi5;}-«d'a stqw ^ibsm ssv aoitti»ldo doiriw oit <iairf 

eb&m Sri a^J'nsaiftd-^i's cw^ ic dnO ,fl0i!fwo®80:tq srfi- x^^ 

jfl^iTBw of Gs xfojja ajsw d"ii9a5U8iSi srft fssis 9bsjloaoo o* dldsixu 

has sixw edt ot tsittralisi scf ealTamsT: airi lo setcifoo srf* 

gnia'sci fins ^xixytEO Y-f*fS9TJ5crqs afiw eria Ja^aufsxB srfd- nl tatoq 

xJoiJ!? ofi .t.jsri* a^i■^CJ8fi tsoox 9dt mox't Jbsvoraei -xsri Ixeri bas 

i.pjdt imBb tor. ob a"^ 4bn&tissnBq 9cf i>l0ow iioi^asi'afloajaJb 

CO xiolswlo/ioo s *ftsTxsw od- 81/0 xxse '?I*n0ioi:^li/8 d-ii3£>j:ci£[i 

,f)»oi'5i;teTq ^liihat; sisw etiigix a'jrtjsbir^tafe erf* i^Bil* tieq isso 

Tfssvs i)98Bf)fiti?r 9ri jTej-j-^m arft jbx x-^^qjnoxq fee;J-OJB Jtwoo XilTi" 8riT 

;t£ixl# noiciqo 3'J& lo ^ij-nsxjsqgjs ajBW bms bQitqaasti tAiit ^aisit 

si sxQrfT «#oifcX9v sa't abiais g«i;t.t©© t^i^atrc ton btb tl 

riold?? trf-asMonx eliU <3t g«Jt*«X9i <£>too9x ©ri* Bi gnlri^oix 

k.t ■: ^4niirs&oaoo #xaoo I«iT# 
SnJtvIovai Isixtf arfi- rix sIdjsm ei fnioq xsrfiJ-onA 

ddJ ai x»tism eldt to sbsts el aolia»ta on Jird" Isix* wso 



-8- 



For the reasons w« have given, the judgment of 
the Critninal Court is affirmedj, 

JUDGMENT AFFIRMED* 



TAYLOR, P.J. AHD O'CONNOR, J. OONOim^ 



~8~ 






»aaii£i'5"aA TissMaost. 



.aioE' ^ > ' ■ • '''°'«« 



75 - 31199 



SARAH R. WILDE and ESTHER 0. RALPH, 
Individually and as assignees of 
MARGARDT A, ALLEN, 

Appellants, 



THEARLE DUFFIELD FIRE WORKS DISPLAY 
OOMPAiy, 

Appellee. 



APPEAL FROM 

MUNICIPAL OOraT 
OF OHIOAGO, 

44 I.A. 634 



;u 



Opinion filed Marcb 2« 1937. 
MR. JUSTICE THOieOH delivered the opinion of 

the court • 

By this appeal the plaintiffs seek to reverse 
an order entered in the Municipal Court of Chios go, vacating 
a default and judgment uhlch they had previously procured 
against the defendant, in the sum of $13,000« 

fhB plaintiffs brought their action of the first 
elass a^inst the defendant in the Mimicipal Court of 
Chicago, and summons was duly issued and served on the 
defendant, according to the ©ailiff^s retxirn, hy leaving 
a copy with "John Doe, agent, who refused to give his true 
name, ♦ • * and at the same time informing him of the conr- 
tents thereof*" The defendant failed to appear in response 
to the snwBons, and judgment by default was entered in favfut 
of the plaintiffs on January 19, 1926, Within 30 days there- 
after, on February 13, 19S6, counsel for the defendant filed 
a special appearajace "for the purpose of quashing the sximmons," 
and moved the court "to vaoate default and Judgment and to 
quash return of suTimons." This motion was duly entered and 
continued to March 5, 1926, and on that date further continued 



esiis - s? 









/io&jsoHT mum-.. , 

, .00 4^5 If lo ^JR &>M ill ^fn&ba^l^b .<>i:y ^©.rflagiiS 

maiJiXq &iit 



to Maxc^ 19» 1926. 

When the cauee again eame before the oQurt on the 
date last referred to> counsel for the defendant appeared 
and asked leare to file a petition xinder aeotion 21 of the 
Municipal Court Act* Counsel for plaintiffs then called 
the court'B attention to the motion to vaoate» whidi had 
proTioualy been aade and was still pending. Counsel for 
the defendant then suggested that he was not estopped froa 
presenting a petition \mder section 31, merely because the 
prior motion had preriously been made, and in this conneo- 
tion counsel stated to the oourt, that "that motion may be 
denied or Ipranted or anything that Tour Honor sees fit to do, 
in your sound disoretiont But, nevertheless I am here with 
a petition," which he then proceeded to urge upon the attea-* 
tion of the oourt« the record shows that on this day the 
cause oame on for hearing upon the defendant's motion there- 
tofore entered, which motion the court overruled* Next, the 
reoord shows that the court granted "^e defendant leave to 
file its petition under section 31, to vacate the default 
and judgment, and upon consideration of said petition the 
oourt sustained it and vacated the default and judgment of 
January 19, 1926, and directed that the defendant file an 
affidavit of merits within 10 days* From the latter order 
the plaintiffs have perfected this appeal* 

On December 37, 1936, the defendant submitted 
its motio^ to dismiss the appeal on the ground that the order 
appealed from was not a final order, and therefore, not 
appealable* An order vacating a judgment on a motion made 
within the term or within 30 days after the entering of the 
judgment, where the cause is in tte liimicipal Oourt of Chicago, 



"-otjg/soo sir;'? , :.ftj)i afis^cf vr*u7©ifi»'rQ liarf\aoi*ois 'Koiiiq 

©If Y<"S* isoi#;- < .; -i? Oi^ M^^j^b I'jaxmoo iioiJ 

ix* ^Itl fuMmsii^tri 9 sit &j&iit b^tQ^rU) ima i&$V,l ,61 x'tmasl, 

tW.otfV'jfrf* f;ryE iT»l?*Sd Ijaan « tea sxw morl: i)9ljf?©qq.« 
f^d-i lo sniita^ji© erf* rt^^Jm ©^jstfe 0« «l4ii;¥ W «x»t ©rf^ «ii^lw 



is not final and is therefore not appealable. But an order 
vacating a judgment after the term ox after the erpiration 
of 30 days from the date of the jud^«it in the Municipal 
Court of Chicago, on motion made under section 89 of the 
Praotioe Act, or Section 31 of the M^ioipal Court Act, la 
f in9-l and so appealable, A. L« C?iart & Oo« v. Qbarles Levy Go. « 
319 111. App, 656; Gal lay v . Matbie^ 195 111, App* 170; 
Doyle V , Fallows. 307 111, App, 5; Oraater v. 111. Ootaaieroial 
Men's Aeeooiation. 360 111. 516» The petition filed by the 
defendant in the case at bar is designated by oDunsel as a 
petition filed under ths provisions of section 31 of the 
Municipal Court Act, as is apparent from the petition itself, 
wherein the petitioner "prays, under the equity powers of this 
court, conferred by law, that the judgment by default be vacated 
and set aside,* The motion to digmiss the appeal was reversed 
to the hearing and is now denied, for the reasons above stated. 

In our opinion, the trial court errsd in entering 
the order appealed from, vacating the default and judgment 
pursxiaat to the petition filed by the defendant \mder section 
81« As this court had occasion to point out in Laniener v » 
Keeshin. 323 111, App, 643, and prior tbersto in Flora v . 
Fields. 156 111. App, 341, "it is only there the defendant 
has made no motion to vacate, set aside or modify a jud^ent 
within 30 days after the entry of such judgment, that the 
Municipal Court has jurisdiction to entertain a petition alle^ 
ing groxmds for vacating the jud^ent, whicdi would be suffi- 
cient to cause the same to be vacated by a bill in equity," 
which Is ths relief sought by the petition filed by the defend- 
ani6 in the case at bar. Section 21, of the Municipal Court 
Act, Oahill'a 111. Stat, 1936, ch. 37, par, 409, distinctly 






cor-- 90 i-Xi^'st^^L ' 

' "".'"^'"'^ 8JSW J!*«tqrr^- 



G^fi»-5:«ii-. .: lm,l\ tea il 

■ • -■' .cyafc OS 1© 

J-S ^Kfc .^ t ,s^ o oa sA a ' gait 









>.;-qA .XJI Sgg , aid[«»»3 

,,xxi 6ai tB.fox^ii 



•?X*0fli*8i! /: 



iS.9t 94^ ai iioirfw 



HtLju that a judgment of the Municipal Court mt,j only Iro 
vaoated in that court after the expiration of 30 days, by a 
petition setting forth grounds for -moating, ?riiidh would be 
sufficient to cause the same to be so vacated by a bill in 
equity "if no motion X9 Tacate, set aside or modify any sucb 
judgment order or decree shall be entered within 30 days 
after the entry of sudti judgaent, order or decree*'* fhe 
record in the oase at bar ehovs that vithln 30 days after 
the entering of the judgment in flavor of the plaintiffs, the 
defendant did oome into count and *'move the court to vacat* 
default and judgment and to quitsh return of suigmons." The 
defendant, having done that, was obliged to secure what relief 
it mi^t from the judgaent which had been entered against it> 
throufs^ such motion, and was not in a position, after expira^ 
tloB of "ttie 30 day period, to abandon that motion or suffer it to 
be denied and then seek relief under section 21, As intimated 
by this conrt in Oallay v. Math is. supra, sudi a petition as 
the one iovolTed here, being in the nature of a bill in equity. 
Bust show not only a oteritorious defense and that l^e entering 
of the judgment against which the relief is sou^t> was without 
the fault or negligence of the defendant, but it must also 
set up such facts as will show why the motion to vacate was 
not made withi^ the period of 30 days, provided by the statute* 
and that the failure of the defendant to make sudh a motion 
within that period^ and secure the relief sought in that way, 
was not due to his negligence. This is in accord with the 
general theory of equity jurisdiction, whi«di requires one 
aeelclng relief in a court of equity to show* as a coz^dition 
presedent to his rig^t to such relief, that he does not have 
an adequate remedy at law, Hfhere the statute expressly gives 



ifesa 'laa: Xlfci&c.-'. taa «»>-^.^j5T :#* ^l^ifc^^pi ,.f«, lit* ^#iwp« 

•tH«o«v o^ d-XiiOffl 9iiu^ -vj^iiia" Site S'BSwoo o*ax ©)sc«a> Jbl£- *«JSJb££a^»i) 

-B^xqx© '--'- .rtOiJissff a «! S-Ofr »»w fcae <act*©is rioi/a dguordt 

b9tMsi*a± ■■■:- ».CS flcitosiB !?»£>«»» taiX si MMf» narf* .'Mia JosixfsJb »cf 

«o^ ■,ii0^#-.^-'-^'='-' ■•■' flbwe ,«irq;iie ,ai:4j>'.^& i *? XMiM ^-^ ^tioo© aid* Y<2f 

, ..-Mffp* rr.' "^f ^''^v.taa sd* ni 'gxtiB(i ,o^©rf i«Tl07i5l sue ftrid- 

^^^xirtf^t.- .„ c3Gsl®is 8ftroiT:o*ii;«i« j6 ^Ino *©« worfa tBcra 

^uo.d^i ■. J,: ;■;! l«jt i9T tuft dr, Inn t8ffli:»si? ^i»jK(gl»tf^ «/!# lo 

'■'■ vils^ r-; ^ : &ia -aios't tfowe qif *0« 



-5- 

the defendant an opport\mity of obtaining relief from a 
;judgment at Imv, by going into th&t court witfeln a specified 
period, he may not neglect that remedy or deliber&tely 
ohoo«e not to avail himself of it, and after the period 

has run, appeal to the equity jurisdiction of the oourt 

relief 
to get/ from the judgment enter-^d a^inst hia at law« All 

the reaaone open to a defendant in support of a petition 
in the nature of a bill in equity? seeking the vaaation of 
a judgment , more than 30 days after the judgment wa.B entered, 
are open to the defendant in support of a motion, made with- 
in 30 days. These reasons support the provision of the statute 
whidi gives the defendant a right to file his petition after 
the expiration of the 30 day period* only where no motion to 
vacate is n«.de within the 30 day period; and in all cases 
where a petition is filed after a thirty day period has ex- 
pired, as above stated, it should give satisfactory reasons 
for the failure of the d-fendant to stake a motion to vacate 
within the 30 day period. We have no occasion here to pass 
upon the qtuestion of whether the trial court properly denied 
the motion which the defendajat submitted within the 30 days. 
The defendant neither prayed for nor perfected an appeal 
fro« that order. 

For the reasons we have given, the order of the 
trial oourt, vacating the default and judgment pursuant to 
petition filed by the defendant under section 21, is reversed 
and the oauso is remanded to the Municipal Coxirt of Chicago, 
with directions to expunge the order of March 19, 1936, sus- 
taining said petition and vacating the defaiilt and judgment 
of January 19, 1926. Langnsr v. Keeshin, supra; price v. Marie, 

307 111. App. 112, ORDER REVERSED AND OAUSE BEyikSmD^ 

TAYLOR, P.J. AND O'OOKMOR, J. CONCUR, 



I,*,;:, , ,*i Mf<£ tftHlJJiigB .fe'*5:a#fl» *K®*^fc«'t *J^* afeittVe^ «;# 

b^imib xlt&cotq ^xut>0 Mitt &^S tndiB'i-w >o irol*e«.»p wtfit jBr«)qii' 

fc»8n®v^r£ »i , ■ >hmj #flaj^jrai>' ■ ■■ limine 

-airs t'^S'^'i «^-t ffe '■ ".•!».bTt:o ©xf* ©giitirqxd otf ajxoi;d'0»iiJE> rfifiw 

^aMKAMaj:? SKTMD CM Qt .SIX *qqA .III ?0G. 



61 - ^11 89 

jAMaa A, »HoPfry, ) 

J>«feiiAdaBt in Srror, ) 

▼». ) 



isRTHA riiiants •%»!., ^ 

naljatifrs lii Error. ) 



Of CaJK COtJl<TY. 



44I.A. 634^ 



ISKLIVIRID tHE OPIMOK Of ms qCAIHt, 

Complainant l>y hi« bill «6.u#Jt th« jre»c5'*ai of c*»rt«lii 
te«tnas«nts «• cl6u4t apop hl» tltl* to e«rt»ltt lata* this atirr^maer 
tr eerta^in (a«#d[» tc hlas, «»!!! perKlssioR to retain SlO.OOC isald Ijy 
defers -'iant B«rth» Felg:«n to him a» «arr5««t jaowp-v 6i3 acotmt ©f ii«r 
ftllegf^d ■bre&of.i of cantraet far th« ipurohast os' r(=rS4l j^*tr«.t&. 
Answers -^ere fll«4 and the ca-uae wjib reJ'erre-l to a ff»i*st©r Ib 
•hajQcoz^ to take «Ylci«riC@ im^'i report conolusions. After htarlng 
•Tideijcs, lie r«c)OBssi.ended that a decree hs- entered iia aecer^yuio* 
wltn the petition ol' oooiplrAlnatit'e bill. Objections anrl exceptions 
thereto having been over* ruled, the ehanaellor entered a dceree ac- 
•or4in(jly» ^ioh the def en'^ants Berth* ^9lg«a «nd l»Mli|» i»>iK«» ^y 
thle «rit of error seek to have revereed. 

In Doceafeer, 1^<;3, eojapiain'snt w«« the ©wn<?!r of 308 
lote ic Cooic ooM«ty, Illinois. tJiider dale of 5>ec«tat>er ?7» 19 23, 
he mnt^r^d Into « contract 's-lth Berthn Feigon to eoll her these 
lets for »100,000. mt» paid tXO,0(jC «k« eameet coney an« a^ee4 
to T»*y the further mm of |5,000 on or fe^foro f«»V/rn»ry 1, 1924, 
I^^.OOO OR or before liarob 1, 1924, an4 |10,OCO on or hefore April 
1, 1*24, the ItAl^nee of the nurehae* price of |70,0^!€, to Ve secured 
*y * Bortr.ajse on the preciises. The oonveyance to Uie purchaser w«ji 
•vbj«et to all taxes and aeseeaiuents le^rie^l aft^r the year 19:^3 to 
*«y unpaid special taxee or so^clal aoBee»Bients for iniprovoBiSnte , 



S'Wt; 



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srvilfCnsii ^• 















f^ i»lB!S|l.,*t «r*X4:,<1 1 



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and tc urjwttiti ln»t«iX.(c.enta of ajj^elsil »SB«!«Bsu®i-it» fsa.Xi»4 *'»• liftar 
Jniiunycy i, 1924, levied i©r Improvimf^tm acsi^lei^d, Q.^Mplsi.imm% 
w«« te J*ur*Jliai a, a«reii$uit»bl« tlti© ia»&r»«ty jioliay wltoln « 

d*f<rdt» w-ero found imd rwpGttiH ^sad! aj&t ©l®ar«4 withiis alxty 4s-^*y« 

to the ven'^.or, isclsir* th« «ontraet rtul,l snaf' voidl an^i htt-vit th© 
•Araost afesiii&y r«tiiiTO«<1 t,« .k**ir, or she jsi^ht «leot t© ti»k«5 tii« 
proi>trt-y an it th«n ««• firs-:5 e0ia|il%lnaRt. waa t^ ssortve? %» agr««5i«l. 
In 4«fs»!!ili ©f h«r ®l««il©» to i>«;rfor«, th^ purehaa^r was ta %« 
a««B!.*^':< to h»-s.v« a'fc*uni?oof« any ol%iffi \i|»«ii thu fjywselaes «m<i tise corn* 
tr««t -wail t« e#ann» to bi» «>l" jwr^y foree uisd *>fffflet, rt w«s.k alpo t<r<»« 
vl«l«d thi«k.t nthould th© puxuh-iU^f J'ull to psrloj'm Uic «iic-»ti'ft«t -^Ithln 
th« t.lia« 'md in th« »iwmer ejj«Giiie<^., tto.« IK', 000 «ar»«©t »en«3r 
•houXvi, at to« ojjtlon oJ' th* vencior, b« r*&tfelK<%d toy Miia »» ll^ttl- 
dAt«4 daiAA^wti and th« £0ntr«<it 1»9SQ%e null ujr4 void, tins was 
4«cla,r*':5 to fe« ©y thw eflssnoe oi" tiie coriiraet aetd of &11 it« 
coD'tltione. 

fiuVBftqueftily, about J^mwAry 16, 11J24, « 8upf>leEiia3tttl 
or tacrow i&g,r»eKn#ni ««» «Bt«r«d Intt- inrixloh naddififtd. ffiom^^wiaMt tis.« 
provision* of tU« orii'lnal agr«««8«t In thlK r®®peet • It wmB 
proTle»»ii th«t tJi« $70,0CiO pttroha** )aon#y wortg^ige oh^ttld ¥• 
'!iirls}*'< a«?« pla«ft(! on viyrloue 8i»«»e.U'l«^ lots; also that tli* 
•SOOO payfeible 911 F«br«ory l»t an*? ^^ttrcJu l«t y«?9?>i»c8tiv0ly, and the 
110,000 i^«iyabl« April 1, 19 1^, ln»t«ad ■of b«^lng ««*<!» pivyrnhX^ to 
•WBplalnfijnt, «r«r« to 1d« <i«poslt««<! lb;/ th« pttreii%»«r with th« 
ehicAgo Tltlt * Tr«»t C&Bipany in i>9«ro^, Ce£ipl«»lnajrit wa« to 
•x«cute %»n«i pl^eo i« OBorow hit <$««d» of aonfoy&Eiot, which «»• 
*ono, ^4 th« purohasor j(i«ro«4 to anA diA dapoftlt $fi9,7!K;> 
ywrohaso aoaoy not««. Inst«M of coarplalnsust furninhing « 



r 






a ir*^ -T^r ' 



^^l*^ 






Haartwrsty %itl<? oollcy in th« «wm &f #100,000, tfe» tatyow provltiitd 

that,- whfsri Kill f»i' tilt <l«|»ositff w<sr« 0s.i4«(» fht warrniitjr -Sa^^le t?«* 
1^p«ltt''1 l^y (?0]Hii?»l«4.lnfiiUt «n-! th«» trust dwa^w «l.«?>®«lt*»r! toy tii« pttjr- 
ehft««r Biioui«^ hm til^in for y«s©or«!, , ^m^ when th« CM sag© Titl* k 
Tr^jit Co!3s|iJ!Wfiy «sh»«ilrt 'b« pr«»oa..r*f1! to lassw* an ®?m«*y'B policy 
f«ftr»rit«i«iiaiij the liti«> of Bertha F«ti.fi®«i S'fir |i:»,00'0, »ti"bjeet 
to t.h<» tr«i«t ^,ee»4», t'u«r} the fr^at a«s*l»fi»t waa siiathori»#iS mi€ 
«lir«Qt«d t© pay eaesplrtiiisHBt tk« |^0,0€'£) y«pras@«tl«® tfee «g:i?:r«g«it« 
01" the p«3rBiet-t« wkioU the istis-oh-aear agr®®^ to saaJt® ©,«, th« I'lrat 

Cos^lairsuflt iKKuedi^tely pro0«ea<»«i to osiryy t>ut ,fcil» 
•«r»#i!a«tit» iritli r«f«r«iie« t« hl« title, iira, Fniijea rall«<? t« 
«fUc« th« 15,000 fayw;t«rt« dae fftteriiMrj' lat ©r M^rein Xot» *>r tiK« 
$10,0C'0 T»'iy«a**nt 'hi® April let. faon© f»f limm ■p&.ynmits wan «▼•!• 
«&4«. J.fiTitasary 26, 1924, MT9, W^if^ma <»nt«fTM ijEit© artlclwt ©f 
tMtr»«8i(!»nt with ««»ytnln eth«r »»rti«>i«, i» whlebi skn f|®9©ri'b«i4 
li«r»^lf %• the «5M?n««r of aB4 liavlniP?: asm^vtrif titli® to tH« prmaitf^n, 
Thla Inptnxur^fmt w*« r«cor'1««S A|»ril S, 19!|4, iswid l» ossf? of th« 
4o<9tw«nt0 whlcn tha *?!ecr«« r«»«i<5iT««i ah e«>rt»tltuti.n«?; a oiou'lt. 
Varioud -!«<•<!• w^rff ?^bt«ln«^f; vmd. r«oor4«6d, elusttring up eojsri^jlaite- 
ant's tUl«. 

I>«f««d«u»ta argu« froa tia« coat^nts-* ©f ccrtaiB l«tter« 
oalltd oplbloo* of titlw, from toe uhlcair» l^'ltle & Tmet Company, 
that tlie oottpimlBwt did iMkl el<»(ftr uiu »l»j<Betia«& to Uis title. 
Bl««« letters, ui^on th« h««uriisii: befora tho jsaster, war© Kiux-k^d for 
t4«fi till cation, but th« record sihoirs Umt th«y ««r« ««v»r intro- 
<1i«*<l in •^islsr»c«. Kowev«r, it a»}>«&r« tisufct a«?a« ©f tii« ©"bjao- 
tloas in theae l«tt«r» were wo^lYCd by the Chicago ^Itle 4 Iruat 
0«m^any and th« oemplalnant taatit'iM that lai of tue sfei«etion« 
*Wi liaaa "el««n«!d up." 



i!K'ki^vii«iaoti Xi--' 



* .'■! ' 



«ar. 



xi»n mi'^ 



th* rnvurA .luatll*!*** th^r fia^tn^ «»l' ■yi* »s»at«?r that 
th« tttl# to sail ■pr^wsiliisea w»» in the eosaj^ialiuwat au-i tli**t %hit 
Chia«(se Xltl« & Tract Uoiapjaiy ■»&• ready to isauc guarartty mli" 
ci«« gu'irwite^lng the tlt;l<? tn ssii'J I>r«»ml»«!ia Ad ipro'ffi<t#4 in t3a« 
••arov ai£r«4»ii@unt. lia th« B<»-t%ntii&« lars. .I^<^lg«iii roeordeid tl3.@ e®|»y 
of hor e©ntr«ot with c©B!i|»]L.»lna«ii, ^>f*, dlf«r» ju-Vt-aa«iBit» w«r« «fiter«)l 
*«:%iniit h«r In f-vror of cflrtsda {fftfee-ltwrita, hiXy X7, 19 34, ««»<• 
pXalnrmt »enr««» Btrtiia F»lg«R with wrltt«E notic© tnat MQQl<^aa »h« 
4«i>««it«iS In <?«iarow th« in»t«1»8«nt« In wrr^^rs ajggr«. rating $2G,0'©0 
Ijy noon of ^ulv r^?<, X^*?4, He -roml'l <!-«elari« th«» «o»tr»ct terssi».?itt«A 
an^-^ th* *mrn«»t «s?»n«?y, SlO,OOd, foiyfsits^ 9i9 lt«|ui.^atf-i -fliWiftg*©, 
.•^bi* f»il»r< t© ri*«n0ii'1i, 'iifi'* «>r! «Ti.!ly t#, l©f94,, tto^ttrf ws** t0-v^e4 <»» 
h«r « notice <^«-clMrlB^T t'*T» eontraet e.t er; ^nH umi^. tS.i# esstm^si 
■«n*y r«>rf»lt«»<? a« lle^l'^B**'^ <<«iis»p,ge^s . |3j,f.tee w%» i^ivcm tc th.« 
Cliioairo Title ft Tr««t C©s:;t>n«y ««».)»jB'?!»f th« r«»turis- to eor:|>lm!r:aiit 
of thi" varrarsty 4«#dB <10f>o«lt«»4 Ik ^eerow, 

D«ffrr-;(*urt9 ooBe»<^» thi*t tl!f» ijentract sshossl'f^ Ifft «l«- 
cinrefi null an^ Told, ^>tit la^lnt that »<|iilty r'*Qalr«e the r«t«ns 
to ltr«. **el4*«r of the $10,000 o»ris««t »c!B»y« W* 'lo not bo ©■©««!!«<!«, 
Thlo io not » cae« of a T«ar«dor ttn'!t'bl<» t© nuakkt title or r^fustrag t» 
oon-Toy In ftooor:tanco '?'l tSi th« csntrssot. Th« !Svi<i#R«» s5.riors tteftt 
he w*o «bl« to t^ifMv tlvl« nn ■« tto%t hi* !l<»»»4s w^r* la «a«ro$' with 
th« Chlc«*«o Titlo * Truot CesnpruRy. It Is a, cl«ar csvoo et tho 
oroooooO D«re>xats«»r dofsiultlni? ia r«i»r5*et to th* pnyBsoMts «sfMeh eho 
h»^ mgr^»4 to wako, U'sisoIt, i>SC'<no OE Folsraary 1, 19^4, f^RCiOO on 
Koroh 1, l?f?4, -^nfl ^10,000 on Ai»rll 1, l^***, Tlisw ^^^mh jsado th« 
«««orc« rf th«t e^Btraot i^n-^ of lt» coR?1i felrano. 3h« fall«<(l to 
»altt thm root>lr«<! i9ny»«r»t« wi-'! »h« .ntavit fe« oljargoA with tho r#» 
«wlt of her f-illnr*. 

It i»hotil'? \>fs notod iUrtt fey th« sigre«Ks#nfit for th« i^eawcfW, 
tho tltlo guaranty policy vae not to mil to Use oomplAiBsast bat 



NUftiillfb 



''??5i*3k« 



'■/saMtass:- 



««« to rwj to Urn. W^igtm, thn Trust G©mp*4ny wiMi »#»^ %s» it*^t« 
•uch f>ollole!», »*«<-^ it was u»r failure ts ai*k« tfei* i?i»,ya*mts -^JilA 

D«f«n.-i.Rnts arg^je tijat th© f's-ot t'aat; t>j« contrset 
proTl4e» thai tH« 110,000 «ar»#»t mo««y »haJl 1»« r«tali!i#d' a» 

oftrtsiin tslrcuftiettsKG^g mntmy «c d[«?»«»»iti«4 will 1»® trpat«<S aft » 
p«n*lty sad aetutO. <is«-Ji£«« ewly all©i?«4. W« eoasstmjfi thitt cow-. 
traet to provtd» th.at t^a* ^anjast mofiAy siiail 13« ratai^ed s>vs 
ll^ul;!at«d darfagftw, h\i% »v«ij iri©a®id:<>'P«d as a |»©Kalty, til* frvi* 
d«ne« ju«tlJ'iei> mm «i«e.r«6 iii ial« irffi»p«et. Q&K^lmiMant »j«st4 
#5000 ia« B. 'ojr«,i£er'8 ookl®! »« lou mi thi» j>rosp«ot4'«r« «-sil«, rsl^o 
tax«« Tor 19 34 aineutuiis.^ to IX&Ou ;jtii>i igptclal a8t«»sijii<«nta amo'iitnt* 
ixu: tf> ©v«r |il?,000, which "by ih# contract the ^ende© usBujae^, 
Also there it th« leiiit i]Gt«»r«et &ti tli« balriij,f2ie «»i th.«» pur,<$l-mtt« 
pries. 

V« ?!o not ■li»»'at«i the leg»l wropujusttieisnn prrsenti^dl 
by th« (tftfert^iusts, 'bwt th.^y «»*« not «:p«ll«ftH»» tn tJ3»«i f%©ts a>f 
thlw e«%s«. The ae^ttr«'ft 1» ^u«iitifi«'i toy th« r^-eor^l! -.ieI It 1« . 
sfflrm«4. 

Batchett jusst JoJuiston, »TJ,, coesur. 



««^4^ Ai^^M 






^iA 



V 






r 



:'f<jr 



'■•'■v:,'i<"i IT*J 



,'2i/r>aoo , ,,tT. ,.»si4'''; ,;»jS»Jfi«'SJ 



14« - 31S7« 



SICK FikLUJU-t 

Appellant, 

A|>p«ll«««. 



Of (xxjiL oowrr, 

244 I.A. 634"^ 



Plaintiff *pp#al» fyom m/s fird.«T vsoatiwg aaa.^ 8«ttinff 
«»l<f« » ^u*^gm«nt agalniit ^, H, Ch«a'fe»»S'ii, on© »f the tisfo 4«f«ri(i!«iRt». 

Tb-B iii3t?Kao«» *»» l»fflu«d %gaiiii»t. both A«fOT?fant«i mn4 *»• 
ttrrec! on R«y Qtasiber*, "b.nt r«t«r»«*? "not fotind"* aft t^ W, iU Oisssib^r* 
A i;«n<!!rftl ap^ftariutet wa* fll«;4 Ibjr ISariT' Wt^lntrft^al:*, ^i a,ttor:r3«|i' th.4Mt 
(July llo«ns«<! to pr&e&ie« Iflflr In t''4ii »tat«» .'Qlihotiig-'- it has hm^n 
«all«<S te •«» atttritioB tli»t h« vaa 0ttlb»equeiitly di«t»a««d "tey tj»« 
Sufrtsiff eourt. 

S«««ffiber 17, 1l9SS» plaintiff haut 4ttdi^;ia«nt i)>gaia»t )enii%h 
dff«i'^duit« for #5,oi.H>« June 3S, 19JSA, ^i#» -«rtt.a at & isultttfqvtftnt 
t«rm of eourt, iofenlimt ^f, E, iShmib^tt fil»d a »otio« an<J 9«4itie« 
&ll4»glng thftt ho did not Imow sftidi Hi».rry Weintraub -^'m ril«!<a hit 
gonoraX ft|>poor«ino« in »&i^ oaiiao, ,id3d thftt ho ne'ros' mttnorisotS hin 
to ronr«oont him nor AMthorlsoA wtiy ethor attorney to ap;p»«r for 
hi« in anl-! causo; th»t h« firot l«arn«<a on J^tmo 16, 193@« tli%t 
Harry Wolntranl) hA4 <?nt#rodl hi» «j»t»»araiiie« a«1 tlimt th« ftrtt laioi»l» 
•4ft h» hiid of th« p«%n1on«y of »»ld suit or tho ju(^;pa«^t agi%ty;»t hi* 

»M oa JuEO I?, 1986, wh«m it »»• o«»ll#<l t© hi» atte»tloB "by Wilil«« 
ilttit, hio «ttorr«»y; h* ?%»Tit.>*A that tHo j«<1fi»»»rit l&o iraeatod and oot 
Mite mrA thAt h« 1»« nllowo^ to fUo hin ^pptfmTmiciii* oci pleikd* Dttt 
■9titt of taiA notion and potition *«« o«fsrv«d on th« »ttor««y for 
i|ilAftinti ff. July 17, 1926, the teurt erdor«<l that i(A« ;Ju'^f;»«Bt 



}C «*> 



dtsxc •• a**. I 












'■9i 



«fatn«t W, Tt. Chna&bwt9 'b« ▼%«sfitt#<l tmA vwt »»»14i», auci'l fvtm this 
ttrA^r fil*lntl ff api>«»lB. 

0«f«K'1a»t Chswaber* to»» B^'Tid that thl» appeal T»e dild- 
mlct«dl, •u£^«eting tha^t the or^ttx* i» net a final »nd ap;»«ea.tt.bl« 
«jB«. thii«. th«r« ar« c»i»«s hfildiag %hak% »u@h im or<l«T «s.ani« within 
th« tffrsn is not final, y«t it ie now #0ta.l»liaii«i^ th«t «u(sh a me- 
tien, to oQrr«ot «rror« of Xtk&t, iaii(4« after t«rm tim«, ie 8k pr&- 
e««4ing un(!«r S«ctleB &9 of th« Fraetide 40t, «ijat! i« * &«» auit, 
sjtm th« or<!«r tn«risiR is final fsisfl. app*&laM#. Miiy , y ., 3i, 9 , v . GixX ga^5 >, 
Heygg yyeoklng Cet *. 514 Hi. 8€0, and $tt»@e Uneraic eit«a. th« 
Motion to ,1i«!»it« h»» thernforo l>««n denied. 

Dtf nm^tsnt *» motltm |jre«owt«4 a «jt!«8tio« ©f f»«t far 
the (*ect«l©r} of th« court, whiah h^i-^ in sffeet that th<^ aj9p««r» 
«Beo of ^, H. CJuwsfe<!»rt *«.« wRmit'-serlssod,, «n?? &« h« h^sd nflT«r 1>«ii« 
••^▼•4 with mumjfions h« eoul4 not urfipflrly >5<»' »a'te.1fiot««^ t© th« 
5Ti4|SK«»nt rtnflorfni. 

The reeor<?, in this ©an* eo5r»«» «qtt»y>«l]r iritMB the 

rttlinc in H^rrlt ▼. Chicago liannm 'SymtiMing, C o.^ Sui^rf. vhnxtt It i« 

htld that "the 9«titlon or metloa auit ho @o»aid«r«(l a» » doelMT** 

tioa in a ntm oait brotight undor iSootion a©." A|>i»lyia« tho !»»- 

gutt^o of that oano to tho ii^otant rooord, it i» iBu&i»t«ri«l whether 

the d«olr4ratton on ita f»i«« iiaoloaoa ouoh errors of faot as would 

Ifto ouffioiont to irooall tho J|u<ifem«nt. 

*App#ll#0* (plaintiff in th« in«t?i«t oaoo) *fAtl(»d to 
rai»* aaj q\i«otion of law concerning this ouffictflrriay of thla 
doelaration by 4«murrl»e to it &r by filing a oloa of fijfcUjt 
SMl trrattifi^ or loy ix^otlon to <}i«»is«. Wo haro h«>l^ that" om^ 
i» th« rjropor oz^otleo, riu ■* that vfht»r9 th* «ufftci*'ncy of a 
doelaratloK is not qviestlonotd in th« abovo A!%nn«r or hy sons 
othar '^ron«»r mo^o roeo<icni»«^ to t»«' tho rs.li'^lty th«r<f»t3f, en 
apooal no q^jf^stlon of law oan *ri«» In the Aot?«lXit« court or 
in this court ns to *>« n^iff iei<»ney of th« i«olfltratlon, ^« 
hnvff also in-Ucat!*^ that it is Incttabont upon a !»«iirty to pleiai 
to th* declaration in »nm*> ms^nriftr, tm4 if he is natiaflod vlth 
Xh* sufficiffney of th# 'Uci-^ration or laotlon an<l allegation of 



#4^? 



. ■■,' i .<•» ■-> '.' '^m \ i : ~" ~ * 'X 

^.,.:. "--ii^ **::«£;> S»tt^. *«■* <^.-,i. -i , ~»»»til 

.:*»>« .♦■«••* ■#«r* 

^ ^ ' ■ - . . • - ^1» 

,fl4'S»?^ ait's |f!»*%t!i- 









-ntz' 









',» Hi ft- 



'9 



fuetn hut ahoul'1 fll* ft pl«a .ierying th« trutii of tVm f.%rts 
•tate4 In th« ^tiol^r&tion, Th«re was nr <?««rurr«8r or pl«A to 
ih« ifrolaration si:&wt\ in this? r«!teorfS, Ther« Is no 0Pi»iti»r- 
affl^arlt iianyint;, th« ff*ct«, Xh-sre is ro cleEmrrwr to th« #▼!- 
4«no« or B-wom etttt«Ne<»nt i^» to th«i f-icts «ta4« ty %pp«I]t&nt'B 
Attorney. * * * 

And furth'^r on pa£;o §Qf th« eoujrt »«i'!: 

*A« th« e&te st^mds, no qu»«tJon of law is pr«»«iiit«4 on. 
thlo rooord elthor as to tlxo •Iffol^iration ov mm to Ihtt suffi- 
ciency 01" the eriflenco. It ^Bas purely a <ju©Btio« af fact as 
to vhother or not tuftro was -Mk «rror of faet eotuwittad by tiio 
oowrt which ouli»ini»t«d in a ju«^gmtnt or ordor UeKiAsfsing ths 
suit, and wo^«ll#o has proservsd no record ipuii tiliij, it to r«« 
visw or <;t^J>^"tion thw f-^tots. I'h«r© is th©ref«x-« no Qu®»ttoH 
properly bofors tiiis court as to wu©t;ii«»r or not fch« d^clfsuratloa 
stated, or whetner th« «vif?«»jee }jrov«d, ob errtsr of fact i« ttis 
formor proeee<iii}g« iis suooort of th« juJjj^^rit or omer. 3"h» 
court pronoanesd ju<l,',as<?fit a*snin#t the app«>ll«s« sni ©litwrsd ths 
ordor Bfereoald, sarjrf it aust Ibis eon»i<1,«ir«d as withOMt oont««t 
•t& the part of spT>«ll««, b«eaTii!««* th*? r«eor^ ^-^o^s «ot f31aoIoa« 
pronwrly any .1«fen«<» or any Qte;|«ctl«n t» th« ooart's ordittr. 
In orrtor to pr^servs for rffvi^w a rtallng upon o^j<!?etlon» of a 
«arty, wh«th^?«T th«f «f5i.&« b* ii» to th« .^'irlKJ-ll f^tlon of th« e^urt 
or oth«n»i«.«, ««oh oT>j»ctions asuirsl ls« jkr^serv©*!? by a 'blXI ©f 
•»os|»tlons or its ersuivMtl ent , vmd^T nuJt Pr'*ettc<» A4it» auoh 
B^jsetlona or t3ce«»!>tions oaririot fee t9r«ft«r^r«d by ia«r« rsoita'ls 
in th« Ju4gs«Qt or or^ler. Sryu a^^^^Fa^iif/lf l<gj Hftai ga, v ^ irjnif ^yto M. 
217 111. 61.* 

This eplriion ifienosfss of all tH« points rai««d on th« 

instttnt annual, an-l tho ordar is affirmed. 



Matthatt and Joiuaston, JJT. , ooneur. 






i:lS:|^ta•■!^:. 



miii f%t> .f>i6s.;, ■■'^^mnntitt' «'>iai'- 






1 



176 - 313C8 






) Qomir o«? COOK cot!K'?y. 



CHICAGO VARjtsTSHKU tU-B CO., m 



44 I,A. 634 



^ 



mixvimm tma opimm of tme ooffitT. 

«•!▼«« inj\irl*8 IR a fight wlfeJj a- fdtlleur «»«|>loyfls« w,uiek r^«uXt«»4 

In kl« d«Ath« ?!n« ttdtnulnletraior ©f hi@ <^»t%t« ^roti^^t suit 

•lxt«*n y«ar« of ni^,« anB^I waji illegally <»a|»loy«d by d«f©n4ant, 
which -it^ Bot ««cur# an «ffiplcyfi;**nt ©^rftlflcat*, tfeffr^tiy iplol?*tlnf 
••otlon 4S, eHapter 48, Illlnel!* 3t«tiwt«t, mi54 «i.« % rasitat <MS4 
eenA«qum/C!e of «*joli. lll<»g&I ^mflojiBiiist ansi ari9t»t(,- ojst of 5§«Bis«, 
fl«intlff *a iKt«jitttt# t«i«t.«.lfs«A physical Injliirl&a from srhloh h« 
tfl«4, l»»vlBg •unrlTliig al« father, m$th«tr, brothers mi alK'tftr*, 
n^on th« trial, stt til* cocclucion ©f plaintiff 's cage, *«» eourl 
Instruct •<< th« jury to find tfe« ^©f^ndaiit not ^ulXty, ail fr«s«a Ui« 
jttdtptent on tn« T«rdlot |»lalntlff as2»#al». 

i>«if«»d«kr.t opffirat«» a wall pt4p«r ftioteJry, in which 
th» lntftatat« was a»]»loy«d. The «f l55«ti<5« ab to hl» ag« l« oot 
4tflnlt*, feat It Miky Ve oono«d«4 ttiat »t tSie tlm« in <3u*»tlon h» 
w»» b«tvtt«ia fift««n and »i3Kt»«?n ynetTW old, Dof«n*»jr>.t did not 
••Qur« ««!» T>la«« OB fllo a oortiflcat* a* r«quir«d by tho Child 
Labor Act, B«o«<l«rtt wao sapl^yod &« m, "otlok boy." Hie work wsui 
to oarry m'box flll#>? with •oticfes," wMeh ?r^ -itiout thlrty-slx 






*t{:' 



tm let- 
fti ? .■ *£,« iff*** 



«isy 



C- 1:^. 









X»S(54£.»t 



ini^e* long tmA tl»« <!.i«is«ieir of a l^M p«»oil, I'or a difittfmott ol* 

)m«w that h« worked roi* d«»$>23.ii!jurrt mi\i tUx^ wmi itlvo told a'tootat tbft 
kln<? si' work h.« 4id th«r«. S«jBsf8tte«8« h.® gav« ht«> pay-.uh«©it to 
hi« n«th«r »gi^ wtomtitis&ee Xt> hl« ftith^ir. 

A3l«x iLsMaintlti waft an ««,?<ifloy©s ol tu# rt«!|>«/Jajat ; h« 
I'olJed !»A|»«r And ctnj^ftd It. On th<!» 8^«rni»|; of .E».r@h ISO, I$S4» 
£«Bin«ki Wfkt ava^jf' frtm Hi« i»l»ct'@ ©f -luty for n, fmi t&invtt99 »nA 
mnot^-fr tmpley^m trnhntXtntm^ foy hiss, 15#«i®f?«(!fn l^ft hla ^'ork «,■ 
» •itttelf bojr* an^ w«nt w«ar E,sjiBiii«ki *a Kts»eh,ln«* A te»4 roll ef 
Ti>at»«r cms* out of oirj" of tH«? Rs>xchir-.<»a! nnA th» (s^bstl t*-3t# by 
mistKkD plao#4 It em. a iJil--^ ©f g'SO'1 r©ll». Wien S»w:ai««ikl r^turnrt 
ht s«» tho bad roil ©f tjap^sr -s-itte th« good jpollt s-m^I th«r«ur»ott 
l»l%<od It with th« l5>a<9, rolls, D«e«'1#Bt Vittn toak it froia tho 
©ilff of bawS roXIa and plins^A it witu tM« igood rclla, ii,ja»liiafe4 
a^aln took it frots tiio |>il«^ of good rolle ^nd replme*?*? it with 
tbi« b)8,4 rolio and a^jMCiBifiued dece^ient to ^mlnd feiia ©wr» t;u®lii««»«,* 
T1ior« v«r« fwrthor irarrta b«tw«#R th«Bi:. fnitaougii th« «r»i'J«jn,«po it 
ind«flr^it« a* to ■'"h.tt v.fa9 sc^td ;ABd by wiaosfi. 0«# rltn(«'»» testiriod 
th»t 4ee«'!»«Kt said, *W« wiXl have it oat** and thwu w^at t-i^ok to 
hlR own work. K»mlncl(l atJO'i d«o<t^«nt wers about tk« t^sait weight 
•nd hoight. 

In tho ftft#mooa d^oo'irt-nt. told ar!c?t>i.«pr «*j>loy#«, 
V«*ftiew«kt» th«t h» U<i4 h<*<« * ?5na«irr»l ivtth KaastnaJci »«\'i that ho 
*at soing: t© hnrt a fi^fet with hi» ot^toliSo, lT««Aally wh«i »J»«i«'^ORt 
l«ft <!!ef*r.<1(M)t*« faetory aft*r th«s «ff^'» werk **» ew«r, H« tum«»4 
to the rl^t and otartiM!! homoward <>" » walk loafllKa: ^irootly to 
tho »tr««t» V jt thin cr«Rinc ho hsuR<?o4 Vooalownki :.i« evoreoat, 
OOP tiifi iunoh box* ^R^ bftor Koing otitoide tuey titrTtod to tjrs® 
loft 3W(i waikod kbout tvonty foot, whore thoy waltfsl for £«%ino&i« 






ifc*vi J:J*V 



r r ! « Mf >\ i~» 



f : ^ .. i~ 



hi!} , . : . 



«?'• ■ &t,Eiv?«r!tfor{ *^»'*-^' 



.i.'^5fc.i- 



■1- "} . , ,* t <* 1 



wh« c«»« out of lh# 1atitldi»»; al»i»i»t hsiif ft Kinut«« l!it«r, Vweale-rwltl 
t««tiri«»<? that a« KmlnnldL e«Mf»« up, d«ee1<pnt ln%d hi» "♦no** v^" tnd 
t>»«y started *<' n<^ht. A f«w M.©wo w«r« »tyt*©k -ffhistn 4«e«?»!!.*nt fell or 
»«• kn»eW«d <3oww *Bn/? 11 M '^itbiia a short tluia. 

Befffndant insRttrts thiat the jr^cord failft t© -UKeloa* 
that tn« dftatk ©e«!i*rr«i In tllirjala, TJie aWtttte give* no right 
of iwtlea for » atath frosi « nrrongful sicjt occurring out of tht 
•t«*t*. Wall V. Sh#9a.i>'»aJi <i & pMf Hv, Co,^ »0 111, r^7. It !• 
Bocoooary net ojdly to %Il«g«, byt It ffiwst alao lb« i»rov«i!5, thstt tht 
doAtli ©co^arrod in Illlnoie. FlsklfitSff d,o#» not |»t»li3t oat tmjr^h^TH 
In the rooord wh«re Uiia fuet I© »»tafeliBi:J»4. iipyte., y. Apt^,!; JIt. ,(|ig,.. 
Slfi 111, 357; *i».l , tc>B T^ ,*'C y fl .' ^"'* ^ii* 5®'^» £lSLSXJla.JjaJbL«££jJlil 
Of Moooo . 285 111, isaj Dott^nortjf t. ^eriqari jiH3&-«i3tr«a ,;«!? .. SSS 111. 
369. 

T)i« 9Vi.i«K0O al»ff f?*tl» to •.■u»w tan I thi? ttll«g«4 illegal 
OHiiloym«nt wa« th« froxisi^tf} dause of th^ .'N»th, Ci].u»<»l <ionne>etion 
l>#twoen th« n^i^ligtneo »>io*n or th« Illegal f«ot "-«"«<! fh« Injury CfO®- 
9l«Lin«<1 of iBuot alvayn b* sheirn, m.fi «hll« iriolAtlon of o«rtaiei 
9«nAl at'tttitto conotltutffB M«glige«e# £«r »_^^ jawnr^rt-neleoo to »i»k« 
•woh n«gltf;w!e« iaetionablo it '-^tnt !•« th« f>r©xi«!.at<* can»e ©f tbo 
Injury for whloh the i^stion io fer«>tti^*it, Ca rtt>nril.l«„ , ^: gey.ri^ Xp.'$1 
Co. ▼. M^&k;^. 128 111. Apo. 133; Sohl&w v. fcpLt^an Coijtity Cofg. Co.. 
835 111, 63C. In HoTtn y. Xeledo. at. X.. <Sj, W. a. a. qg .. 147 111. 
App. 116, tho eourt said wita ref«r«r*e« to the* oo-o«lle<l Child L»b©r 
Aot, ttiat tho noi^ligw»eo to too pr^oua^Ji frcua tih# i$fr.tpXnyBte>ri% of a 
•Inor vltc.in tiio prohlls'ltion of tfe« atatut^, pertalno o«ly te con- 
•tquenooo wUlch result froa ouoh «Kploy!&f>nt, im-^ that boforo an 
*»9Xoy«i o«n %• held lia^a^e It aust be shown that tho minor «»pleyo« 
*ao injured by roaoon of such yRlawfia msploynemt, ^Mj^i^^SLJL* 
8tan<!ar4 Ry. a<mip;£«!mt Co. . 165 111, A|>tJ. 37X; aay»a<»tt v. B<»»ton 



'r>^fti^^^ 






m 






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»tor» of Chloft^u. S«R in. 3S1. 

ffe« pr©xii!s»*t«s eauae oM' de©«4ewt*» ««%tJ» vat hl» par- 
ti tfl^Htion in aui unlftvwi'iil s^ct iti wiilch h« vais the &gi.r««Bor, l!.« 
ll»r««i»r<»d for tfe« figJtit lay feaxj^lng his olothea te lil« «0Bgkr».<!5,« &nd 
VftltiB£ far ii.«iBilB«itl te l««v« #«f«iasiJarit'« teull^lcg al'tor wori^ing 
hour*. Ui3tfi«r aueh olr<it^st8M- ««ii h<3: ooiild not SKintaizi am action 
ftffftln»t hl« «Ktploy«r f©r smy Injuries li,« feigiit rweelvd in tl»« «i»-. 
■ul&i; fl^bt. If St ^?srty suffer* inJWTy ^hlls? vieiatljag a, Law, 
although tli« other ««arty l« felto a tr®i;^aigr««sor, he* cstrjiOt r#<sov»r 
for tho tejury if hl» untl awful aot was th© eaus*? ©f t:^» iujary. 

1<??3 til. 130. ' 

Plwiwtlff *« e©^in«j«!l «lt«>» % ntmhfsT tiff c«ft««fe vh«sr« &&m» 
l^«n»«ttoK *»• aiWard«A anltr the Werte-ftn'a C©BJ|i«riBis®tl0is 4.et, W« 
doQlit If ftijch ©»««■» «ir« !itr«o«^.^r.tn- iu sus aation ilke this, fetit t» 
non* «r th*» w»a tu« injured: party tiie a^r«««or, ,vm^«. the a.w»r4 
was bii^«d en » finding that th« ait«re»4tl©ii or ««eld«nt «taui»i»g; thai 
l«iury «ro»» out of th<* ^imftlQ/moBt. !« the instjuit oao*: tli# dif* 
fwronooo botwooB %h9 tJ»o«'i«it »«4 iisaaiiiisiti areoo --lat. ©f th<s fora><?r 
loavlBif *ii« usual *ork ««,««! Interfsrie^, witli KiSBsiRski in titui propttr 
pcrforKanoo. of iil» i«tt«»i but wkRt«v«r tii# Q»'a»®, tii« figiit w»« a 
orltat*, »«r»^>nal affair, aft«r werJting houro, -^ff th® praisiwoB of 
tho 4of«^^ant tmA taBr«l»ti»d to 4«e«4.«-it'» etiploya'-nt by 4»fe3i':!ai'it, 

Thero iff aloe OYideriesft that lh«? 4ec«d«sriX*B ^ar«s«to 
ta»ow that h* wao «B|faie«4 In t>»t8 '»3,leg«;*d imlswfMl «R5.i5loysB«nt au/l 
knewlngly p<»rjettt«.^ It, It hs» bew hgilfl In Hiofftoia v. Il XlBoio Oil 
Gj., 316 III, 416, that If tho j>arer»t« pwtitt*!! thmir son to ^o 
th«» lllogally «in|ile?'o«t th»y carmot 3r*>oov#r aa b(fineficl»r|ro« «f 
th#lr ovn wr(^»g, qnrt that thoy aay not recoTor dwa^igea for hlo 
«oath. In an aetloA brought by tho a^lnlotrater of hlo ootato 
'horo tho illogal aot of tho paronto wa* a eontrlteutiug oauao of 



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.i$«3usa fSoim 'li icTit' 



■^!»i4« ai» 






the <le»tH, 

W« eoncXude th*t trse trimX ee«rt pref»rXy directed a 

▼•r<llot for th» dtfendant, im^i tU« jad>!3»«nt Ih alTlrHift^, 



» &«." 






?#*j^( 



244 - 3X87d 

fRAHX f ARRBUX , ) 



©F (»0K OO'IJKTY. 

244I.A. 635 



^•l*«»dant by this &i9i»««l ft«>«ks thtt r«Y«r8al e»f «, 
JudiOUHBt for -^7,000 nmt^rtfl ap»« iii» T<jr<51ct »S" a J«ry, wpoe trl^L 

of «n »etien wh«»y«l» plaintiff sought o©jR^«>*i««,l!;lei», for Injuirl*^* r»- 
e«lT«rt , ».« •ill^'gM, in th« eottftue ©f hie Qj8:plo3r»*nt by 4«f i»»«!«iit. 
Th* iult r%« brouf^t tt«d«r th# ]?«4t!rftl ^pleyftrs* Llaljllity hat. 
It l»i c<mc#<!!«fl that at th« tliR«» of tht occwfrenc* 4i(!»f ^m^.iiMDt was 

■Th« ▼Itatl t{u»«tl»n l» ■i#i«th«r or D«t nXalwtiff wan im 
M9l«/«« of iSefT^ndaknt , tfci« d«J'er.<lj»ni aSRwrtinis tht^t h» wa» th« fl!«»r- 
Tuit and Anployc* df «n In^ffip^ii^onit e«>»tr«etor. 

■rini aeel4«»t ltiapi>««i«4 Uot«»b«r 2, 101-3, n-ftaur S-'ort«r, 
XBdifuna, i'ltil&tll'f vas rldiA^ fr&m t>i« 'btmlc bouB«s *t% yort«r 
furni«h«^ to laborftm by d«fei;:i«»t, ©« a hsancl-onr furi.isiiwd by 
4«f«n(l«nt, to th« pXnct on ih« trAoks »ii.«(m Xh9 lstbor«rt, IncI^iKling 
plaintiff, w«r« «ng«M»:«Kl i» repair work. H« suad otJj«r« w«r« propdlllng 
th» hM't-OMT by th» «ri(ilRary b«ndl«», vh«n th« >»af.4?l«; us*??} by hi« 
brok*; h* f«H off th** «ar ajm-i ii»«i« Ptw •v«r bj^ the han<l-onl' ijwfie^i- 
»t»ly fellowing, r*o<»lTln.f: th* tnjurla* In ou^wtlon. fhla htindl* w»» 
»'-«4 «n!! was rettwt in«iA« ©f the? fi;9«>»«-n^«k er ring ^ which it »«» 
••%• Thm f©r«a»n #r th« gang t^-fttlflfStl that hw h(*a flxamlned 
*Wi«-i' about olx montht bofor* t.h«» ao«i<i<mt and r*K»ort©d It tc 3«- 
•n4ant*a ln*p«et«r whe t!roiai««4 that ho wowld B«iid Ik a reQuiisitistt 



€j 



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>i<T:cii; {••at^*«» pOO^Xi '■■■.at tix'^stfi.hti 

. «srt,!i(jwsir»« * •*>•* *'^ » J ■ ■ ■ill 



^t*4''?©^! Tis*!". 









if»ft ^ ■ ■ il !• • i - i * " 






for • n«v han^f-ear. Plaintiff t(»»tifi?»!! %hski he ha-d no rettoXloe- 
tlan of «T^ hiitvlng rl4d«i3 on thlo i>artlouiar h«tni-aar b«fr^r« the 
■ornlnt^ of th« tMsaldent; Uxat l}« hiid no prlosr kno'i^Iwdge of thn 
eon<titien et' th« haiidl*, )ui4 ai'1 not laaom It waa roitan ur^tlX it 
broks. 

About f(»rty nan, Inelutiing plaintiff, war* In tha 
gang rapairing th« traeks, Tht^y wtre ap^clmi tha tlea, that la, 
ttralghtsnlng arooit^tS tl«a, ^ml eitirf seeing, vhlah aiaturiS if thara 
1» a law «Dot ©r %ha Jalnt or contsr low, th^y wouli b<s lin#d 
«9 ani^ safSa 1«t«1« 

D«f<»n4»nt prcssssnta two eojutracte covftrlrif; tn« tijoa 
»i' th» aflal<<«nt, -which. It »sjs*rts, ©ho^t that thl» 'work waa 
>«lnir lona by ganeral eontraatora w>ie ca»!.|»loy«d the -t^lalntlff , 
an-i that h« *aa not the «®^loyae of lafsmd^jt. Th'.? flr«t cfjn- 
traat, dafanaant^t Uxhiblt 1, l»i d»tM Fsbrtusry IV, 19S3; aB*! 
tha othar, <laf endant*» Sahlblt !?, Is dat<»4 S^u^rj 1, 1923. Thay 
'lo not ^iffar in any Katarlai reeis^et touahing tha quftstlor. undar 
oon«l^ar«tion. Tbay ara between th,a Para ^arqiuatta Railroad Gojb- 
pany and •!, L, JCclIegg aJBn3 I,. H, CJrago , both of tiie City of 
Ckiaage, Illinoia, orgsurii^a^ and o^eriftting un<iar ta# oo»fi4,on lav 
of the 3tat«t of Illliiaia, 'lolng buoJnaa* as uie £«'llogg-ara^o 
*»ii*«y Sarrioa, heralnaftar * » oaXlad ♦Oontraatora. •" 

Dafori^ant arguoa that tft# couotructloR of thaao eon- 
tr%et« la » nattar of law and thf^t th* oourt aliould hsstva aen- 
atrxiad than aa aatabllahing' tho atatua of th« Kollogg-Oraga Com- 
fany aa mt in4a««r.<!«at contractor «ij>loylnR plaintiff, (%n1 ffhoul^A 
HaTo in*truata« tha jury aoeordln^ly. It 1* the v^Xl f^otatllahad 
TTilo that, whilo tha ralntionahii^ b«?t'!raan two partita to a eontraat 
■•y b« a <|u«atlon of l«w, y«t a« to a third p^^rty not a party to 
It, ha la net botmd iharaby ana th« contract la marely ona of 
«»• faatora to ba waighad along with othar faota in datf»r«in. 



- - 4a 






- , . ■ i»al jtip: "■ ■ i« 

•■■ $tri'nf*i>*iif;-.a t^uivti^ y^vfi^M 



lug th« r«XatioBehlp af an s^sRployse, ^atQ iai.ik-i'gy .▼« ^-^g^ ' 21» 
111. 247; 3sriCft<>r t. Ford, la© 111. 4.-S0, 

In fey)l»iol Jfc S&la Cc. v. l«iv:j>trl!a CQBf>:l?.»lgj^, ^2 
111. 16, thftr* 1» » full f<i©«.i»8io» of thl» eju^stiwi, «flth afeund- 
anX r«f9renet to deelRione. 'itvan %hi!s epinien w« i^ciitth«r that jui 
in<!e?«!)n^iM-.t oontr«etor Is qU'^ who ueic!ert<ik<(<& to prodtjoo a givon 
r«»ult, but 00 that in th* %etii«l exee'.iti©« of th<p work ho lo 
not uE^or %h« orsSor «.n«f control of fh-? pflrrof^n for vhbm h<» de«» it 
on-l Bsay ueo Ma own jSlaerrtlen In thlKus »«t orjoelflfrd; oft»< who 
oontr&etR tn do a tP5»*olfie r^laera ©f Ts'c^rfe, furale:ni«g ?iio ovo 
oooiotriRto ar*^ exoeutfKig th<» work sjitri^-r ^Ktlrely In Kooordoneo 
with hio own i4.aa0 or in aoooF.l8.rie«> with a tjIjuj pTOTiouoly givon 
to }ii» "by tiio perosR for whoa th© yt<»rk i« -''©no, wit'iout bfing oub- 
joot to ih« orrlero of th« latter in r»«^>«et to tho 4<ttaUs of th« 
work. The rig'it to centre! t'h* work eoEtra.otod f«r i« ma import- 
sat toot in dotex^iuing ti<,« et^itua of mi %r^v£»loyoe^ sosKi gofaorolly 
if tho ouyleyoo io andor tii« control of aa «js|)loy«r, h-? ie lt« 
•orwant. T)\e faet that a» eciployor «ay terwiKate tho work ^y 
diochargln^i the «?si»loy«« io of orns!»id«Tabl« w«lgjit »« t(m«fii}g to 
•how that th« oawloyoo le not tlie ser-want of an Irids-jsHrvJent cou- 
traotor. Th« fj^et a« to *>io f«rriish«e tii<^ tools or »iat«rial 
ohooH b» eonoidorod. Th© »>o«3<» of mm'fsnnt. for thi* «'csrk is an 
t»T>ortant olwiwitt to >>« woi>: ifid. Tho outrien Ik this c%«« 
Btatfto that it ie iB»»©«Bibl^ to lay 'own >t hux-i and ffsuBt g^n^ral 
riilo or otato dofinito facto hj wl'iieh tho otatuu of mpr rorklrig odd 
oontraetinc together oan bo 1«f Initoly ^ef ui«4 in all oasoo^ ani 
that «»ach oaao nuot d«p««n<i en its o*m f*ete, no en* foaturo of tho 
oaoo bffing dotorKiuAtivo, but all louot b» eonoirtoroA to^othor. In 
Illtnoit tho weigiit of a«ithorlty holdo that tho rlgut of controlllnig 
tho Kannor of doing tho work lo tho |>riRoip»I oor, o i dl oration for 
dotorminlng tho rolatlonohip. 



. ^M•il%<*4i'■■ 



1Ji:lJ^^:r^. 









1. 'ftOJ M>^ 



.^ ,../■.,. 



;3^f' #^-- 



Rfsfftrrlng pi«« to t.h« ©©ntrstct® >iicr«ln, th«,y provi^se 
th»t th« eofitrmctor* iih*ll "cto «u«fe VsaJlaating, ti» r«n«nriKg audi 
other w©rk o« th« line of thi? :P?»r» fcarqustta Railway aa 4h« S'era 
M«rqtt«tt« 8!*y Pftquptt." fh«y aro t« ^!o a-jtsn other work a» th«y mi^ 
^« vUr«ete«l t© do by tJiO JP«ri» fcis«r{j««tte*« repr©«ii«j!t»ti'V«!( au^/i ^/isdl 
p«rforsQ all th.« work to thff s&t is fact Ion ©J' th# eh,l«l* ««||iR««i' of 
the 1P9T6 Marquattt ©r hii» r«pr«t«^jtit®.tiife. Xh* rite of ws^g^-s to 
1e« pAid th« liAborar* i» fijEi«4 lE>y Qlss^um% 3» «ycid th<i Pert i^sur<|uett« 
agr««« t© fmy thd "eontraotors* for «u^y work not lBclu<i«i4 in cer- 
t«ln citdolfi^d its^t th«i aotisal cost plue ten (10) Pitr c«at, 
7h«r« are laao «»>«eiflM rat«« for eertain w©rk, »uoh a» 
•trip«»ln£ track, $%(yr:,OQ p^r fi»ll«»j moving »«d |ii*eijii?s j^Jlct U»t 
©n n«wly 1a14 ralXe, fiOO.OO f«r ki41«. It ■»«.» provid«4 that th« 
r»t«» for trAC9k la>&«r bI^ouI.-S not b® b^fOBd 4V |>«r h^wx, ITa* l*«rt 
]l«ri|ttfttt« »a» t© fwrniefe free tr««f.vs!3©rt«,t4©n to t.h«i isi«n iuid h«isd» 
9mr*t Also bwnk «ftr« for h©n«ilKi:; th^m, th« swntrttgt silifht fe« 
t«rBln(»t«4 by ©Ithwr ^sorty on tn©rj1;y«fo«T hour* aotf, o*, nn'? if anjr 
©■ploy** of th« •Gftntra«tor8* wsi« ^icsallsf^iottjry t,« Ui«^ Per* M%r- 
<ju*tt«, th® chief engineer or hit r«pre»«rstatlv#, h« <»rift«14 1»« dlt« 
»i»»«si «ii4 hl8 i?l»«« refilled by 8(«©th«y <T>Mpl©y»« fluttlaf wtory to 
the P«r« l&4vrqa«tte. It w&b al«o |>rovtae<l th»t finy of tfe<» w©rk cowls? 
!>• owsoellnd on flT« Ainyfs notie*. 

Th© K«lloj.sg»6r»g© CetBpfOsy hn.4 an t»g<ii'!-ay or offl'i* in 
Oil cage wh«r# n«n ajjpllwd for -work. FlalntliY aispllM an^^ ir*t itivfta 
» pa«« to Portflr, In-llaiQ^. 

Tony B«Tar&., « •u^-fcsrsmatxi, t<»3tlfl*?d th»t th«r« «'«r« 
forty p>«fl In hl« £«««, whloh lnolu4«<l plaintiff: that U»ll Danidl* 
''•t th« h«ft<! for«r»m or ln«i»«otor ewsploytt^ by tH<» rt«f«»'^ant ©omfsanyj 
that 3ftnlRli g»v9 his or4<»r»} "ht gave sue erd^ir© « h«i» told ne to go 
•hood and do *hat I %« te !e isyo«ir, an^ h<» oooa tho h&A Uoo acd 
"'ATJcB th«(t, to tak« thorn up or <*o t>i«? 9urfr*el»g} tKot thle tift h«o 



M.^^^ffefrsfj" 



•.:■-.«, M'l-. «*»#. lfe««rii ,■««'/« i'ft--; 

. .»<«, ■•it.. 



get t© &o; thl« t»l«i«« ne»»S« surf nelisg \tp »,#;aiR, -m:? lim tol* wt« 
what I Biiall a©;* *• *if h^ ^(mi%M t^Ttait to ■*«» swMBffltiiliig, 
h« iro«ad i«»ll nisa to ^Q it;* <^« *X.f r.(«»ii diA not lik« i.'-i* work 
of ft saioi ©B tiii» Jot, h* would oo*;* 4©wr4 ^m4 t«ll »«• ti« fir« t>i« 
ia«R, ■nn'i t i^^uld firm hita;* *♦ "li* the w^rk wm* n«>t <IOBe %11 
right, la ©©Bn«otl<« with tin* Issyiiaff «>f th^ traek, hn w©'il4 cor* 
down td m« to ««n'j «©«» m«wi ^►■vejr t® fix it, a»<1[ I woul-'? cSio It, 
^ttt h» wo«l<« ftlvfty« efiiH««» t© M« aJijf t«ll hr* wh^t to do,* 

Another W0r}«»«m t«©ti 1*1*4 that *n« '!ri?5^r<lt tJimlel* r,lv« 
•rdi^ra fx-t^m tip;« to tit&« «»k that *>ork, "l^ts «>f ti®#»j* that h« 
f«T» «)r<l#r» t© BMVHjTft rmfii t© th* wi +;««»»» J if Brnvf^a. -vtm to© f«r 
away, T)«iril©l« ••we«l:t ^e to m%y js»js jwj'? !:«11 hiffs ^h*?- te «Jo; ** 
h#, th» .!.K8Tp«©te.r, 'jlck««! oist tA^^ ^1^©^® nfl-t^re thiii traiek •»*« to 
be Burfuced, ajtv! h^ njftewed ae what kin?* ©r" ^sork te 'So; th«! ««gl- 
n«er« inB*d to i>at tJi« «tsi&«»e tip ^mA «.4v-ie« tj© iiffest *«? w«>r« to .'^o,** 
the «i>glnt«>r« w«r« «^pl«iy«d liy the ^«r«»t<i»rit, wiiA«a @lii« furr-ioiiAil 
the ai!!kt»ri»l ^d tools. 

A ro^ort «ft,e jfe«i4# diSkily t^ Dmnl^l* (sT tH« exstot 
■«»T^f»r ef hours put in by all the m^n, ?»«d BiBJl,«els k»^r>i, traek ©f 
th« tlffift. Th« MPR were »©t t5>«il4l hy ti'4« jo%i, tout ty th* houy, .an4 
4of#n(1atnt *• vowehero ohow that th«» wort tu wsai^h $iiX«>l»tlff w,a» 
•BCaicod ftt th« tim« «r th» seelAoat w»« •0al<^ .for te- th«s JK«Jlofg» 
Or^ge Cev^ftnjr unon th« bs«l» ttf th« nuwfe'wr of w«n »sat5loy«a sand 
th« tlmo, 

^ro«s th«Mi arif^ oth***" f-tote In s-rl-^ftnco, '^^ cor,c1u4o 
tfeftt plain ilff at th« tlei* in «»j«i»tlon waft !%n ^^i?loy«» of th« 
^•feadftnt. It le ori^OAt th*t tH« «jnly lnt«»r«»t la th« work that 
tho K»llogg-Gr«go Company had wao to f'-jmlBh labor. Th«sy w«ro 1e 
faot »oroly on oaiployBftnt Ag*B«y ftjrjwi ««ftt ottt labor «r« ko th* a*-. 
ftnAftnt alght roqueot to perform labor %m<f.mr ti;« <it»ntr©l «ir»4 dlTOO- 
tlon of 4ofonl«Bi*« repreoor tatlTO. 



•V'.J»r: 



«1 #«: 












Til* ▼*Ty char-^icter cf Ui« work i» nuen %hm% th« &^ 
f«n1mni osull not r«a«onatly l«»ftTe It to th« control or ■5lr«rct;l«s« 
♦f wjyen* «l<i«« It wan the fflBsslllur work »f rspalrlng tr»«k», 
•tr*lg>it«nliif tli« tifin. ^n4 l»Y«2ing th« raU«, and tipon th« fmlthfui 

9«rfcrteane« »f thl« in Ite sfntft.S.ls «?«it>«mitfl«t the aal'iistsr «f d«r<»rjfl- 
ant't trsifflc. It wui not n. «ii<»r.traot with K«ll»gg»tiir«i;© aompiwiy 
to proioee "ft «p^ctfi« r#«MXt 11 k# a feri-^.p:*^,©!' a tstjll-iing.or a n«» 
trftok, fent «»« th» slaily trorii ©t* traeJfs «i?i.l,rjt«f5!atn««, 

^*^ yt>y^<9 V. City ,y.4 ?:;oij|nt;y ,?:o»tri^oti C<^,.. 117 K. Y. 
8tt9?» 400, ths« ox-jnrt hal^*! that «& »liRlI«ar eontraot •»»» »li»tily on« 
for drgsuiljelng s* "work.liif? foro* ts be tim#<S urt^ar the dlrftetioB ©f tl3i* 
railway e«fli^any*t «»iigiB««r. Tn* faet tJwbt f»n«8 ©J" to.^ parti«s» It 
ttroMd A "aoatTiietor In t3a,« a,gre03«f^---t do«« wot 8Xt«»<J tli« oontrw-ot 
to dov«r »att«r» el««url.y emtsid* oJ' lt» #!*3<>0«. It l« quit© ffi«ssa».«tt 
far msn to aiaJcft that* ssc(r««Jit»g«? eo«itr»et», ^strtiG-uXATlf minev- tfa© 
»««orn Inilux of forolgn l)!il»oror»« ijIm> r««i.ulr» » »»p«»rint«n!i«ist 
•o««kin£ t'nolr lan({ua£«, «i»<l they t»re g«n«r«lly r«:f»rrttd to am 
'eontr^etort* without wrxj&ntt taB^kooing thoy nJttt iiid»5^«i34«ast oon- 
tr»etor« upon th« ■work whio'; i<(j in nrcjgrooo.* 

^ l»«g«ti^ a ?il,lyj>,y Co.. v ^ Iini uwtriiq Beard. :^76 111. 
♦ "I^^, It waR ■h*^!^!. thut fht Irjnrft-I party w^e an «r,|iloy«»» of t,h« 
rotlXroaA «o»p«ny for ih^ TfniB&n that h« wmo »«lb,jf««jt to •U^'-i^har^o, 
•»A that th» riillroa'l coB?oanj» hai tA« rl , ht to control th« fflaunwr of 
Alla^' tho work, Oth<??r e^noo »Ui;V'iortle«: thiiu ootitttlta»i©n aro SsiXlM 
£li-is.JiatLljLt*Liiit t-ii£.» . 3-^> ^ii» ■♦a?} l^ , atXrf>aA Co. v. il«^»itBg . 
82 0, 3. 649; MtUUooiiiflllft. u & £. K. C«. wo. Owwa . (Ky.) X4S a.*. 
*'^^ C>iioagOn ^' X. 4. p. ny. Co.^ y. Eo nnottf, M Okla, 368, In 
IrmkHt. CohI Co. t. iRAaittrt aX aogii;iffl fiio» , ;.»6 111. 339, it wm 
hold thmt tho rolatlonohip of tH« parti*** w»« a ^uootlo?^ of fact 
to bo det«rmin*4 froni tko owlloniMi, ojriii ovois If thoro wao » confllet 
In tho owldpnco tht* court would not oot aoidio th« i(f«*rdiot of tho 
4Mfy uaXoo* it wao «lo«rly and aajmifoatly «^sdLr.«t th* w*?lgiit ©i th* 



^^ ■■-.... ., ,,jf 



,*i»*i'i* ^iiti*'. &■»* ^BiJJtisjiitlr watt ?■: 

j&^ymm »^-4ft..,p *1 lifl ,«c-iiS'.-.i *jSi l© »?!t|is*»« 'y;iTu»#fi&, fit»|#i»« ,1MMf«a fr.' 



".«»«■■ 






*r, f ^'1 f 0. 



JSv*?r- <-f»*r 






,«y .«C^ 



■ '-!«!« two .*•« .5£«>pw tmw»» ♦<i«* »«i*ta*iv 



•one holslluf; « er/Btrm*y view; t-ut cafth e»»« wufst Ifii* dfiei^^.p.^ upttB 
its p«eullf»r f'-««t» guided fey geRtral, 3riBci|ii»8 afc-©v48 »t&te<?, 

"•^e. weald mtt t>« jfM»tlfi»v1i ia .3iB».ur««lni:: witii t.h# cart- 
•lucion of th* J»ry t;h.at pl&ljttlfi' at the tiiae h« w*» injar«<i was 

■D«j*«n<ljwit B»y» that p ,i &! rs ti JT ♦ • r«»n«dy 'waw un-.lwr th« 
IndlaRtk ««3PiUBa«B * • Co«|»«RBaiti»a mat ^ ssjsii that thft «vi«!^.ir5ce t'-m^u 
thftt bft h«« r©o«iv«i*i 0Cffip«4Ti»»ti«» ^syad^r this act, SBctlcm 13 of 
thia met ^rorld** th»t ?*« ir.Jwr«4 *a(spi«(y«e b-s*^ claim coiap^n Ration 
froR his #?('-ip»loy«r hut oaRnot pr«*©«»?f^ a^jainsli 'both miplofHT ^v-'i )n)»« 
«th*>r i>i!tr»on jst th© 9«iia(?» tl»i«, -^j'.l 6Kau;ot eoll^gt frott both "If 

thiit nl«i}.ntifr r«>c«iT»<l ll3,fC5 «. w««k f&r .«0js« tl««! afttr th,« a«-> 

oiiAiCit fr0« ^«ll8gg»<ir«(|o Cemi^-^ij-, ilt«r<» la wo rwvjorl of th.« pvo» 

••*<ilnj»-* Oi' tk© In«}ti9triaX Mart^ of Irii^iatfia. Mid no «ivii«»R@« thifct 

it "awarded* fmy ■aoHip**^'*'**' ^e^« ^» pl5*i»tlJT. The ovid<?i:iC« t«rj(^«d 

to alMiw ihas piue^s^dlnf* Tixp-foro th« liiiaiai'ta. ;i*«H,r'', W9r« brought by 

lh« A.«ilog^»arago vomp amy naming %h« plaintiff ms th& /icf^cdsantt 

Th« •«••• elte4 by (l«f«ndant wttro <*!«eide(i before' th« In^liar.® Com- 

1»«n«&tloa aot waa fliB.«a4w5 so as to prohibit j^j injured party JY©« 

pro«««4iRg &g&ir4st both sua eBtj»niy«r and aKotJi'^r pereon ^iJ* com|»«n» 

■ation it 4war4«4«* 

Filing m claisi for a e0si:»«s«;?,t-icn --^cifts net deprlf* 
Plaintiff 0^ t.h« rl.i'ht «f action Mn«1«r th« F^^eral 'iSmployer*' 
Liability met, y-it^rp v. •:ttlX<> . ?34 :>««?, ?3??. 

. CorT>l'?'nt i:n wi-^^ei of tHe Instr^fotlona , fvit thsy w«r« 

is lln«» with plaliitiff •« t ieflry oi" th© €i%a« auid i,ii«jce ie no r«- 
Trr«ibl« mrrnr In thia rsiopcot. 

*• »•« no Justifiable gTouB4« for reversing th« Ju^g- 
Bi*«t, ttiji It ic affins9<j, 

iiat«h»tt ani John»ton, J.^, , concur. 






.?f 



imm 



,iTn»**euf»t ft we **«; 



457 • S19«t 



■»». 

MORfiis a. JAConmm iin<i 

SARAH JikCOBSOK, 

(Oft App«>al <»r SARAS 3AC0fitmh) 






^44I.A,635 



V 



ABvw«rs r»r« fila<3 »»<! th« eaaee y«l'«pr«4 ts a ii«a«t«r itt c-hi»iic«ry, 
«!!• after ii««rlftf. •vld«Ro« r«»i>©rte4 toat Siterrla "d. Jaeobaon and 
Aarah Jaoobeon W(rr« entitled to tJ-it; isoitey. Th<>!' i>th«r d«f«r^!lKmta, 
Iraok L, and UftroXin* i., i-^lsehla^sr, fllA^ o)>J<i«tieR» «hi^ ««7« 
tTtr*rtjilt<l but, »s «X6«^tioa« b«for« the oi'iieu;o«ll«ir, w<@r« »u»t8lnft<i.. 
Thfl nAtt«r't rn'port w«« dlisa^T^rov'Cd »ut1 it w&« 4«dre&4 U44»t th« 
BULsehla{;«rt want m\titX«f\ to th« J"tin»i, Firosa this Sairah Ja«ob«oa 
hat wp«*l«<!. 

of 4rot>«rti<*«. Th»r* 1» Ywry Xlttl« dt«^«t« nM to tJi« f%ot8, l^»- 

•t»t»»>»flr, l.9Tf.^, It donslnteft of twMtty-en*? i1at« «i1b«v« th« !»%•«- 
■•at and tw© flatu of flro miA four r«io»a, r'^«T>«ctl"»«lv, In tho 
¥ai«gi«it. Tho fiy« roo« flat wao eomplote^, ancf J%«©%>»oB t«»tlfio4l 
that tho oonttntotlon of tho fwur r^oii flat had boon otwrtof^ whoii ho 
^omt^t tho buiX:$ln^: that tho routi^h plvauhing wao In, '•tJiO layout vai 
W»oro,« and j^oxt of tho partitions w«re in, vin fearoh 1, 1933, the 



« ;i\mttl«l<^ji9i««5 



wim " Tft» 



tSV 









.>) 






■-rfi 



qai'fvi^T?!'*^ f*'"vsV'^-" 



ndtahl«i;(»rt »• 9Artl#ii of iH« first pmart 9Xk4 th«i SmntihnoriU mn 

|i«rtl«i «J* th« •«6on4 ffart, Bnter«»i3 int© n. oontr*ct I'or xhtt «x- 
il(&nf« of r«a,l *i!t«t«, which «!kEsong- oth^sr thing* oMit«ln*<! tilxl» 

■Party of th<!t «©oori4 p«Pt agTftffa t^ <M4Hinl«'t« a four r«©» 
flftt now In oours# of eocisiruatlon *t a nrlee of $"%000 
In ftti-iUloii to ;Ul9,aD0 af»f«»al4. Said ii?,C'vC to ba 
plae«i In ^jscrnw, «i»li e«crowe« to b® ajp-i* S'^fl ttpori b«tw««n 
t>ftrtl'«>s h#riito i»t clo««# of de^al. Said escrowed te way «ald 
•itsi of 'j^,OOC to lvh»« psirty oi' t.;-!« «ec««.'1 p^trt ^hm-. smld llat 
1« co©t»l«t«d and -^1 waiirar* s^^llvwrfif? to miX-fi «fi@(«jro»«*,* 

Th« «»crowe« chosen *»• lsl^or<» fTiffli;!, tia© eoaisiwln- 
Mit. at th« <iat» of th« aontr&at tUe £T»)i^£h ^limbing ««<! roui^ 
plft8t«r of tht four rooK fl»t ivftrt mu%iil«t«d* th« pt&rtltlons And 
th« floorSf ftxeapt a h)»r4woo4i iloar, w«)r« in; th&r« ri&»jRin«i4 tft 
b« doB« this la«ur«l!lw©e<i fleor« ti'ii» h&.r<'3 fijaiiaa i>3.«itt#r, iiaet»liiR£ 
ylatbing fixturvn 9n^\ <?Xeietrie XiKnts. 

Tli« »aBt«r fewEil timt iBifc6<1iats-Xy after ai,>;j(iiing t}«» 
<ontra«t th» «y«uw1s«on» jsroeeede-t to '^08>;sl(»t® th« four reoia flut 
Wi4 fttld •II th« felll« for tli# w©rk jatt<! ««cwre«l valvftid of llesn, 
Th# »«rk waa eoiaii)l«t«-'i faiVotit A|>rii li, 19S.'S, mK^'? a few '!«,?■« thor** 
»ft«r JoLoobtoB n«tifi«d EhlaeJiXft^er that the flat ^».n soiaplpted 
ui4 r»<iii<»«t«ifl that th« S2,000 left in «a«rafW 'b« puidl t© hlfii. 
Til* Xl'ilBe>»l!*g«r« ©&4» no efe.5«ctio!R to the work «xo«f»t aa to the 
kind of gltt«o In %'n.n \mat^k<snt Tlr.^'wwa, ^:ra, S3aliehlai{j«r wamted 
eXear InsteAd of frosted wia-i^ow*, r*isd Jaoobi»€»JEi, f*^re®a tc; .-jKd did 
aako th« ehar%« vitltln ft f«»» fli».y», 'i'he ia=:»st^->r fowrsfl. that 7acob«?>n 
had ileliTorcd to ?rl«d, tii« osarow^p, r»e«ipt«d bill» and walrers 
of ll»n I'roffi ooatrttotors MBd »at«rl»JLae« mnl thsit »0 claixr; for 
ttBp%id Baterlal or la^or bill tr 11 «n had boon saado. 

Th« Sl&ltohlHiiors el«t'.m«'d In th«lr (Oitrnvr that .Tr^oobtioa 
<<ld not got tho work approved "by th« Build liaic otid HoalWi t>«pftrt- 
■onto of tho City of Chle%gc, vhiejo. had refuood to allotr tk« 
fl»tB to b« oeetipied f^T living pnrpnn(ft but the «».»t«r found 



■''met $'^«^-- . 9,t^H%^M. ftJi itftiAJifoaXfC 

■ -q it «:«©•■■■ .. ■?;«< 

/■ , , 

■•X9;*'4e V " .-nasi «*ifer ■fc-a»*'4 ^»$tn^m '»dU 



tMii eonclttd*^ ti&«t Ji«ol^iso» «aa cot r««iuirttiA 'by ki« «>(»ntrmet to 

g«t th« *»ric approred by tho i^usil^iBg or siAaltlb I>«part«(Wit» 
fUBii dll'? »«t aiJ*"*" t« ©btaiis |f«3pj*iit« i'r©M th« City ©f Chie«Hgo, tlv* 
■aL8t«r foun4 t;ii*t tJi« Jaeobsow* JiaA oomplwtsd the four roo» flat 
in <»eaeliaii«» vith th«i.r contrast %g'r«<m«?ni, tmd thmt tlx(»y v«rt 
•niitIM to r«efflir« t^« |-t,<'XO hutXti in «i»«»row sja4 y0aoi8Mi«r><!<»4 th« 
•Mtrjr of a (a^cree l« ftoeor^^iinee with nu^h ri»dlr.g» jm^^ itoacilualnnft. 

It t» arj^««(i h0rm that J^coteueB w«a feotsr-rt iby th« oen- 
triiot to procnw* th« p«f»it« ««<! etytlfi©«!,t«» lYom th«> City of 
Chlo»g<», Xt is *al<5 that tJue «h4!U3e#15.«>r -was ©f this ©wlwlon in 
4««r**lR<? agsitn«t tHt J-ieoTSssoBs. W# ari» of tnis opinion that tlao 
•nnoltjviona of th« K«».!it«y Iw tJai© r^sKrjKifet «»<i»r« j9w>|>e:r. Th« oBly 
een-'litloB Boaatnl Ik t«« c««Jtriiiit wat« th«is ^jeiapl^'tion ©f tt*« vork 
alr«isidy »t*rt«4 iia t}i« l'o«r rooa* flat. It ia. :j«t Aenind that tht 
Jaeobsont diiil t^iia. JSowjiisre iJ^i tk« o^mtr^et i» ili>'4r« any rsrovtuloB 
or obligfttleai upofi the J»e©tea5>ns to j^ro^Brs pe^raito or certifie&toi 
fron the City. 

It_l» otrort^ly arguffd t5i*i th# ccRtiraot is l»vall«l oxi 
tho Kroxma that it c®»t««!ipl.f4t«d a tlols^tion of tko buildiBg or(tl» 
RMieoo of th« city, th« 'g[hl6cfeil-?i|?®r« ttr«> aot t« a )i?o«(itlej3 to 
Qtt**tieft tho YBli^iit.y of tk# eoRtraot. Thty di© not off<»r to r«!- 
ttirn tho nrftporty thoy h».Y«» y«»c«iiro«i nor t?5 put th« i»«rti®8 'baok 
Into thoir orUrlttal poottion*. In «ff«ot, th^tr clatw 1« that thfi'y 
wro «ntitl«4 to rotwlu all th** fe«^n*flt«i of thi-ir eoBtx-aot without 
faying for tho work dono on th« fotir rsEua flat, 

A furtHsr oonol/loratlon iMiaportlnf: o«jr eonoluslon in 
th%t nont of th*? work -whleJi roKnined to 'bt iioao wh©« the e©ntr»ct 
•f txch*ijgo wi^a ka4« *n<J whieh wiui ottl^ooqwtftntly 4o»« fey tb«! Jao<»ls(e*nt 
«•• In violation of any of tiiis eity ordlJ».we««, Th« Jloort, j^ImjrW 
^« and li^tiae fixturoo and k«r<! fi«i«ii pl^otor *<Mo<i by tho 
••c^ooni woro all In oo«pliar.c« wita the city oriin«aiee«, 4 city 






iK^; f:, .k ..rv''/ iz.i. & i: ,i.;*.-*Ax! i'.'.v '"**■•' .)■■/■»■■■■ •■ ■■.A .>*,;■*«:■ -,.) 

-.^ . ..-V :.' .'. -. .>... ^... V---- ►.-;.^"K*«flM!S *#* 1« •'g^iM.iBIP .l!>tS*. tUtit^-- 

f 
.•?i5^> »»s^>^^' 1Bl*^ «!»'«W^V3<'t*w r., --.al'^l 



I 



lr»T>«eter t«««tlfi*'* thsit th« flat <Ui n©t aimf^wm *« t&« ©r-Sir.'vnet* 
In th# (^iiitanc* te»iw»«i'i th» floor sAK-I the o#iXirtg and the !«lae of 
th« r»ora», Tlie«» eeti(«ltl©n« cot only (gsxist^d at t^ve tim<^ •TtioobisoB 
l>dti#it th« >»Ttll'1lns? l&ut also %t th# tlKi!" tli«i :ai3Liin?J'a«si^.:»«'« axmdn^A 

th« iil«!« ©J' th* reeas* «n<1 t:«j« ,h«ifeftt »f th® ©tiling fully &■ well &• 
41d the *r&o»b«anB, so that If %h<8r« «a9 ?s»y vialatloii in th»«« ijar- 
tleulars. the ^l«ehla,^«rB ar« as r-uch chaTjje»feil« with Icnevlffdgt 
pt th« facte a« w«re tlx« J^toobtaona, 

It ha» te««jfi h«?id irj &any easea that, ir tu-e t?orJt is 
4«n« 1b •omDli^'iee with t^® aoatriaiet oi' ^!s>pl(»yi.-L«tnt, thi^ eentrttetor 
if «aititl«d to hi 6 tio%ip#«;;s flirt ion Altheu^g:'! th«^ wox'k t^^^n fi£ii«h«4 nay 
not «i«et tha aspproval ©f th« ■pu'b.llo »«fn®riti«t. i!9.^Jl*v-iiMJSJl» 

• 7 Aa. 3t. K«1P. ISS; B ftr ^ry,^ ..▼,.., ,fiap„,<g|ii , ISl Mfts©, ©9; '; >i[;miQfi .y^^ , j;;er.ij^Q| r» 

Sup. Ct. 19ft. 

In •«»• minor A^tails thp> work ionm by .Tsieobsoa it 
•rltlola#4, but w« a^.re«! with tl:»0 0«s«ola«l®i« ©f th^ mH8it«r th.«it 
th«r« i»«8 at ftubi!t«iir.ti%l oompl l-aaa-e* «ith the; <;®iitr'.iQt ^m?? thstt a«^«» 
it* t«riR* the J'ao@ltean.R we3r« 4?jrr&itl«d te th« su»i h«lS in evorew by 

Th© d«er9* of thsj oh«M»c«Xier is thtrftJ'erft r^Yefted aM 
the o&usr rm-smAn^ with 4lir$ttt.ion& t© «nt«r a d«cr*»e la actJcrSiifcc* 
with lh« eon«!lu»lem» and r««o«»ftiidatioBB of thP iniat^r In CSinacftry 
and la aoeordwie* with wlu»t •« ln*v« euia in thia opinltfn. 






Mateh^tt md JohoatoB, JJ, , eoncur. 



4S!^ - UttV 



p::oPi.'i; oy ?«{■*; stats 0» iu.Tit0i3 
■»■. 

CXTf OF vHlCAOO «t al,, 

Appall an til. 



Of C00& QOmiTi'. 



244 I»A. G35^ 

By hla o«titl©» th« r«lato.r aoHKiit a. vrii «f 
to eesKpwl thft rect^oB'-iente to grant him a 1»ev«rskge lieenst for 3438 
lli»r«ld ftT«ntt« In the elty »f Chicago, f(}r ^i«^ ^flLeatioa }%»A 

wim «i ^«riGB df KO0^ moral oh.aT««5t«r sana iP«|>'4itati®n, aa<?. aBi^«rting 
th*t on January iC, M^^fi, tb* i?olie« ufflswTe of th« Olfey ©f Chicago 
found oatreno ob th# rnr«mlii««i ■•'rln.fcing mo'^Rshiis* liquor «l»i<ifo •*&• 
k«t»t en tho pr#fsl»#» f^r »<skl«». After hearln*? vriAencHt th*» oourt 
granted tho writ of m&ni^unna ordering a lloense to Ij© icauod, froK 
which erdor defsri-la/.to appeal, fhe relttor <|o«b not apT>«ar to 
dofond th<» or4«r. 

Th« t*»ttiaony shows tuat on ?fm\x=\Ty 10 » 19JJ6, poJloo 
tffieoro ftntt^rod tho prosnlooa of th« r«l»t©r aun^ ft^itfid nose moa 
with tho rol&tor arlnkloR litruor. AnotJxwr off 1 cor testlfiotl taat 
ko mmdo an inTeotlgatien gud foun-l tho roister had tsoejtt arrested 
for violating tho lawforhiddiiig t.ho oalo of liquor. It »l»o 
•ooooro that *t ono tlno r«lotor*« wlfo had hlw arr«»t«.1, 

Ao tho ovldoRoo clmmrly ootnbltohffd that the potltloaor 
had TieliKtoa tho low anr! that hlo forwor lioonoo had theroforo ho<m 
i"OT9ke«!, «« cannot oay it wao «un a^oo of dioorotion for tho 
roooendonto to dony tho ioouaneo of a lleocso. A nunielpality 



c. 



9MJB"' « lit 



V9 tM 



■■&v'i.im 



■' riO'i i. 









««« aiixJb&ixifTa't 

,*»'*«*»«« mM tre^n «'«.l^'' 

«#»# •t«i'ite"!i»ft..! '.-'W* w«-j '»«ii^ ft«»##i> ■ 



eamiot be oo&pallttd to graiit a Xicens* 9h«re a forK^ar li««n@« ha» 
1i*«n r«vok«<3 I*or go©* o»u8e« ilarriiaiqn v. P»op^g . X31 Hi, Apj». ia|, 

Xh« relator's t^atieiony aa to cltiaentihlp its iM«fl» 
nit* siud tinr«liaila. He oli^iffis to have miade flH')pXle«tioii» t'lt 
eonld not g«t hl» seeon^ papers bsemise h<? o0ul<l net rmum-^ter 
«lth«r wh*B or the iBoat on whic!. ha caKi« to tKi» oour.try. 

It has T9«a« r«n«at«4ly held that th* writ, ©f a5ajn«<!siaiis 
will not IsBwf uk1««» the t>«tltton«r shows a cl^sar anil legal rli^t 
to It, smf! that It Is th« "r'ty of th«i party agalnet vhosi tli« writ 
is soufTht to ■^o 'Uio aat ■^hieh th« |»«til%lo»er ©ifeftks to hare per- 
ferae'!, Ffioplft eat r«-il. jit^aBii! , v.. .D^pay^t^iuiEit , px- ii:'Ml>lio v/orii^s SiBjS 
Buildings . S2t^ 111. 117, 

Id Ttow of %his» ovi^eciee kjs to the vloi.<s.t.ior4 of th« 
liquor law, potitlooer hae not s-iowtt ^ olear l«5gul ri(.;ht to the 
writ oi a»aiid6.;i.uB, sui4 th(p or*^.or jaUfaxdinfe. it la revereed aod, the 
eause r(a&<»r.d«d, 

ttotehstt and Johnston, JJ,, oenaur. 



516S9 



.. \ 



H. L. ntrm, 

ft. 

WIJLLlAii. M. BHOWl tt al.. 



aSRALD D, 0*JiSIL, 

Pl*lntlff In arror. 

) mmn m QiRcmt ooti?if o? 
ft. ) 

) COOK eomty. 

noiKT J. CLSARY •t a.. ) 

XHifendant* in Hrror. ) 

2 44 I.A. 6 35'' 

im. l»R^8I^tl?r» JtTSTICl 1I»8I«KI.T 
■Wi3.IV^H1»!7) ?JtS OPIJSIOM OF TUB COHRt. 



]Plalntl)T in »rror, Geralsi 9. C»K«il, B««j£e t© r*- 
▼ «r«« a for^olotitar* «J«ore«, the ordisr oJ* th^ Circuit court r«fa»lng 
to %lle* hlE to fll« % petition Tor a bill ol* revisw, *uH also the 
ordar issuing a writ oi' assist'iUioa lor the prsmlaos against hiK iSJid 
in faYor of Sonet J. Clsary. 

Th« writ of ttrror was orltilnaily 9u«(l ©wt ef th« 3u- 
pr«Kf» court, which held that, ab a fre«iu>lr5 wa» not involved, it 
had n« jttri sdi ot iott and tranafarrs-l tJae caufttt to this court. In 
324 111., pat:* 40 • i* th« opinion «o tolling, whlcii recites th« 
pl«adinK« and orders #nt«red in tun oase. It ie unneceeaary to 
rapaat these here. 

l>l%lnti r'r in error aeeertu the rijj'H of Tfritm oJ' the 
forecloeure decree on the grotind tJmst the reoord «ho*"B that he was a 
neeeseary party ir\ lnt*»re«t who *as not aade a oarty defendant "by 
eeaiplalnant *B Mil. This aeaertion of interest is laassd upon an 
aaonded erose-hlll filed hy Oeorge «, 0*lieil, which aanonj^ othf»r 
things allegedi that the pre 1 see in question were on June 11, I'^Sl, 



^■^ r 



/i 



m^ir. «• »8* 









«in*f;»»*l»c: 









"I--f»r:x4 



which wa« flT» dayt before thr filing ef oowplnin ;H,nt '« biXl, eon- 
▼ «y«d t© Garald D, O'JKell, tli«r. u ibinort &jRd ©there. iSo to^Bwer to 
this fiuEonded crcR»-l3lll li in the reoord. It fi^ppearw that «tj1bB»- 
quently erldftnee wfts heaid in Buyfl^ort of fuid in ©i^positicn to tt» 
ani it vaff '11aBvi'^«« ■ for «:-int of equity, lo evliftnc* Ifi In th« 
t«>cor<^, ■*« Knt«t th«r«for« »sto*jM<-> tUat It. wa« not orov«K that 
0«rald D, C*J.«il hjvi isny interest in the preisia«8. 

Bvon if plaintiiY Ir- arror va» n. ssroiser pmrty to th« 
foreclosure -.iiid not asade a party, he oannot oowflaln of a decree 
whioh ^of« not ai'feot whaterer icter«et he las^y iiave In the pres^i- 
■ee. Thpr deer«« le Talld as to tiie piArti«» to tfei« auit. Pi 



T, JSprt):, . 33 111. 441; Wall| ^y t ... 'I^.^rtj^f . . 170 111. 16; C^ar . lt ▼, 
Za1k»U > 268 111. 4-37; F ®o»le v. mmSi. . 262 lii. 238. 

A final reaaoii adverae to plaintiff •© isainten&jioe of 
this writ of error Is that It waa sued out tiu*e« yeara, two men the 
•ad aom» .'?ay« laft^r the -leere© waa «gnti«»re<l, which ia well past the 
atatntory llmltatlaB of two y-?iare, Fractice Act, ehpater lie ,, amo- 
tion 117, 11 lino! a 3tatut*»e. 

^e oar.not review tJse aotlor; of th" conrt Ik f^ejnyl»g 
plaintiff 'a i.-,otlon ftr IfAvrf t© filu a bill of rf'Tiev?, for th® son- 
tenta of neither the motion nor the pftltien are v1lBelo«e<i by the 
reeord. 

Aftftr hftarii);; th« court found that 0«©rge W. 0»l»ell 
•B<1 Gerald !>. 0»B«il, "partiea ffefendamt to sale! suit or p&rtiea 
wh» haye oeae Into poaaaasion ci' aaid prw^tleeo pojfiilnai sail »uit, 
er under or through the parti<?9 thereto, were in po->a®fflsioK of aaid 
presr.iBea" ant refieed to 8urr«ttd»5r the aasae, o«d ordsrecl the writ ef 
Maiatanee to iaaae. Aa Ceorge W. o'lieil ^m a party to the fere- 
eloaure proeeedlng, we muat aaauifte thut the court foun^l that 0er^4 
D. O'lell w»» a party who ha4 coae Into peaaraaaion of the premlaep 
pending the ault, or under or through the partina thereto. There 






''i.t *> lifm'y^' ■<: f» ;5j5'!,i 1 1 ' 



.xoitlat^^^j- 



v,r'.: 



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£il^.|4<Ji.<44.'f,.,ff' 






1> nothing In the recor^l whioh contradlot* thl«. It 4o«» rsot avail 
to say that thli !• oontr»fllct«d 'hy the alittgatlon* of acori,:* 
0*X«ll*s a&'cndttd eross-lsill vhinh vais dlsnalssed. 

Plfcintlff In error prwaexste no aufeatfuulal reaaou for 
r«vertlng th« deorco and ord«r» of tih« Circuit oourt, aind thoy aaro 
ar firmed. 

Hatehott And JTohniston^ JJ. , oonour. 



&L 



,mMM'^'i<k 






•xoawc; 



.t(»i«<tti«>t i<ia« tt*if9tMM 



4? • mR7 



▼a. 

9XL&A J. aT&l££l' At (il . 

Ofi Anp^sil of U»S. JA^>l3ra Bt3RT0K 
•t ^., 



I 



OF SOOK SOtSKfY. 



1-44 i.A. 636 



MR. JtJfSTXC 



:ITV :Tt 



:^: OPT Flos OF vm. co^t. 



Tytitt C«»«t»»By, triiiil«« im^l^r Mm* ^ili of "^lllitm. J, Hyn«ta» t^e- 

In r*«r&r-< ts th» oroipiaion* In th* first t«B cl'stasw*. The fimt 
•latjitic Airmctit that th* 1#>'t« txtifi. funmrn^ fiyi'pm»(»» he- pni'ii» t}i9 
•«ia'»n<!, Vnlr-*., fourth, fifth, ftlxtte^ iCT^Kth, *l#it.h jsjii^i niuth 
lirovl1» i>r th» paypj^ni of «p(»olfle te#<|!s«i»tii, alj. of "wiilah have 
b«*n 9at4l. th«» t«nt]i flonslst* ©i a bequ'^tt to tit** wtfe o.l' Uie 
tettater. rh«r« la no (ll«p«t« stfl to tjji* alam®*, ife>«t otrtaln 
liingu«Mi;« in t,h» eX%us« i« dlnoufisert by eotinael In ©onimetion with 
th« ol«us«s tn eentroTftrty, Xh.« ni^tual <ior.troT«r»y e'no^rr^.B only 
th« «:i«Yitnt)i, tw»irt>i, thtrt«*«tli, f®nrt«etUj; mid sizta^mtix al.(tu8«». 
Th« 9»rtin«i'nt {i^rta of th# will %r<; *b follo^irej 

"T^Btnj A,ft«r ta» p>%:yvi#ut of ta« forajjoing ep^olfie Ic^st- 
oi«t, I iriiyf^, !!»vli»« awd t«muo&th ali th(* rwat rrn't r'5«iat'i!ue of my 
praftrty* r^iUl « ;per»cMal , Jijsd Mixad, of ■t^vwry itlnd 'Wm,! «;.it\ir«, to 
ay wlf«, Jenril* ji^. Hyn««, for t*i« perifxl ef h^r K>,tural lli'e, for 
Jior aol* ua« tani b«ii«ftt during Ja«r lif«, 

*Xl«v«Jth} Aft*r lh» ^*fntVi of «y ««l''l wifa, it i» ay will 
thfct th« lota MJd ecttttjj* I nov? ©■-'/* *t «>.<». 5'?"^ Ald#l»ar«;n Ganftl, 
Vanio*, C«.llfornif*, 'wi'l iu# r«nta wn^i proflta thRrftof, ahaJLl 
baaoiua tH# prffuftrty of wy a'1«i>t*^Hi '!ftu^?'.t»r, Wll»« J, Hynoa, fc^T 
liar «»« ani beoftftt w:tll «>h* l^ thirty (3^) y«ar» of ««•» «n* 
If ah« i»hnix Ufa until that *./■» th#r. th" w^rts" »>iall iraat in bar 
faraTarj 'Wi'* If aao nh-*!! '\1«, ^itfjout i«fflie, bufora *tt»iinliia th«t 
Affa, tH«r* «ild prrtt>»>rty abov« i<'8lgrtat«'^ siv>ill th«n baoo»«" a part 
• f Hiy raal ^'j.'iry icctftt*, 

*Tw«ift-i: Art<*r tih* <»««th of «.y aal* wlfa, it la jsy win th&t 
•ixty Thcuusind (lS60.,^'.C-0.v:r'> Doliv»ra, of or froci ofilfl »»»t'Atft shall 



x^'i 



^tt' 



TfMfr * 



/itufst' ^nM 






.a:;rr,»* 



lk« t»t a9l;S« .for «y «do?>t#4 ^a-u^it^r, Wilwj^ J, Hyi»«^e, to fe« hiBid 
iB IruBt for h*?r tis* %«j<! b«ji«*ilt uiitll «h« 1« jfhirt:^ (.IkJ) y««r» 
■••f »«•, arsi^ If «h« Bh&ll Jlv« w«til that »^«s, iii«a to ■&« p^td 
0"»«r to her; aiil tJ' ahis i»,n»li '.Ji« b®f<?re that »««,. snid alxty 

Thouiftnd { t6</,C- '■?;•, fni) B«lli,'.ir» fthali thsssri te««0«« ft nart of my 

Tm*t«# of t-\i» n«»r«on "wn-'i <»9.%nt^ ©J" tft<'> «h14 Wllan S, ilyn#B, 
M}4 will an<ll ^llpftet tfmt %.h.f>- «al.i Wiimia J, 4yn&» iah«ill jr^ttisivft, 
after thu 4»ath of say said wtftt, frojsfe «nss.l4 ^nsdtdijWJ !*iBd TrT-j«t««, 
th# incoK* from i»i»14 Sixty Thoneand (l^'O.O/O.OO) Xktli<%T9^ m.til 
•h«» «tt,riln» the siift^ »f Thirty {M-) ^tiur*, istien tliw vimX» of «i&i<| 
trunt fund of Blxty Thoii«««j<l (.|60,OC>0,i'ic4 t)®ix>-*yt, MhSkXl t«i jiald 
0Y«r to h«fr m.n -ift^remai.l, 

•In coR^l'leratlen for tlm ai»By;..|iti«.R «»f tii«* mmi^. trtjat .tm4i 
th« p^rfortaiuie^ of tfi* 9ai4 »®rvio«» ct^t Otis5a'<1.1iaG (md 'rruwtft* ^y 
thf BAIiS RoniiZi Cti<i.t;:iGli« Ii»£iO|> %>^0l';tl»g in L^tt iuvg«^l4^8, C»ili« 
fornift, t«n ThountanA (|lo,<^;:fv,Ou/ J}®iiaM aJmll hm sist ji-tid* from 
■ly eal4 9«t&t« UTM»n tis* deat;i of m^f ssai.l wtfis>, th* tiRe©iRt 9f wuidi 
•UK ati&ll go to yi# ej%i(l Koman WMtJtMKlie Mniimp up til tti?- !i«%th of 
•al4 Wilsa J, Hy»«i»«, If »a«5i »h®«l»i ';Si» feeforw in* .siijfei* of Thirty 
(K*) yeara, or uritll the p!ii^««w>t i?» h«sr of j»ai<t ^i>:ty ti56i«ii«ja4 
(*6C,00<.i,0(>) !)oia;4r8 At tu«s n.^» ©f BU ny ( .¥.) year*, if min« 
■hall liv« to tiiat tiige, ^«iiiri ^ft^r tB« t«^]r';.:lKvt$iori 0f )»ij»i,<il ^^'^.o^r'AiMB* 
•hip »T5d Tr;j«t««»iriiii, «ltk«jr ley tia® .<i@ath or liy j*,t»m.litm<®.f;t af th« 
«4« of Tnlrty (30) j«ar» of eaiil filiaa J, ityn«tt, titien th« i^a ©f 
Tan Thousand ( |X0,O(/-0. (.••&) lJN6>ii(iT» taaall teenjoB© tiu? proptrty ©f 
•aid Hmsan Qathollo Biahoi;) ni' Los iuagels.s, Cttlif^ornim, ^siBdl abfto* 
Ititely T««t in aim as his e^m* 

•Thirtaanthi I furtriwr will arid tjo^uaffttlu tAat i.*ft«r tha 
daath of lay •»!'! wifa. Taw thousaisd ( |lv.,(f;50.>:;0) Pall-ii^re aiiail 
to oat *«tfla f'ToK Biy «»ld (»etat#, tha lnfio»* froai i^iildfei atua enall 
*• tiHil.i to »y a(l0pt«>(S »ia*s, Harry Hj^iaa. ©f OM0«i£©« Illtuaiw, lis 
nantrtly er nu^rtwirly r»a>'8ii«irit8, in nften ssamier r«« *ty i£3c«C')'tor ehaH 
4aaR l»«tt, -Irjrinc the ?>»pl©<? of hlji nat'ural llf#, »x%^. afnon V:l» 
4aatli •al'f mas 0f tan yhmn»«»K»!l ( 110,0' ■t),f;C/) Ball>r« »h«ll beooa-ft 
a i»art r?f »y ra»l4wnr.y *«t*t»j «%l^il lrie»^ia rr'>t4 B>ai<3 ssisa shstll 
not 1»# ae»l|EiJaM«, In'wholi* ot* iss »»iirt» by Si%l'1 '!art">' My»««. 

*y'-urt»«nth: Aftwr tb« 4#(%th uf ay s?ii9a'-l wlft, it 1® »,v «i3l 
that tha inccr<« frmii ««v sal*. ««ta.tip I'-ft f&r Xi{> to «,y «sd<f wifa, 
ramalnlng «*ft#r th* t>rovi«lons tjf a«€tl*sR« 1*w»lfth ^ma, Thirt#tnth 
•f thl« infftrterient '-i-r* co«T»li»4 »iiH isir.^i! watisfi^f*, shall Id** ■^.i" 
▼ l4a<! Hii follows; 

*•*,' orto-aixtJi (1/6) ©f th« r«8i'S?s« «f «ati Injaema ahtill ^:o 
to Jiatherln« a.r3.4 i-Rura Cottrall, ahil'^'r^rs of my wlf«»0 i:i«©fta»»«! 
•i«t«r, fcrs, MiskTy ^:ottr«li, «har» tuni ehurr alik«, --JurlKK tii^^ir 
natural li fa. 

**h* On»«»ixth (l/S) of tjj« re«i iw,e of »»i«i iiieoaa ahftll g» 
ta Mrs. Anrii* Wsbstsr, of J-os A»ie:«l«a, Csilifoniia, ay irifa'p 
sister, lurini, hft n&taral Ufa. 

"•C» ',na-sixth (l/6) of t:it resi4u« of «»i<l li:«Cf»va shall 
go to »>• wifa's 8i»t*»r, ^^rs. yanf^ia Burton of CUicago, lliluolo, 
Murine har natural life, t^4 %rt«r inxr rt»»tn. t© ftm Hu»fcarirt, a«a 
ta her shil^ran, or t)-;a suryi^ora or -survivor ©i ti:;«Bi, during 
their natural IIti^s or life. 

•»T5» One-sixth (l/fi) oi tiia raaitJu® of saifi inao»s shall 
!• to «y wife's sister, s.,ra, y-aor^^la B. >iv/*iis of i.oa AngalffS, 
Oslifornia, durin^^^ hax natural life. 

•*S» OB«««ixtn (l/6> or tn« resiftua of saia iiieoiaa snail «« 
ta «y ni eaa, krs. i«lr.r,i« ilftrtay, of J^onrlah, Centiecticut, to bs 
held 1b ?r'jst, howa^sr, by my ^xeeutor, her«^in if t#«T tt(Wf.«4, mA 
»hioh ineoaia shall ba p»4i(! to h«r at tha xitti^ oi' i'lity (iSO.^^C;) 






«-3«rf» &.«*» fUl-- 









il. 'i 



sat 









'« ■?« i(*?-!ii»t»-« :,. 



■i :-ii.<i , ::\ iri^vt 



Dollars p*r »<»nth flurtnjj hmx natairwl llf«. 

"In th« «T«5t th»t Bstt«* ifieo»« •xe«*3'<».e «»!(! jsoutiiXy allow- 
ABtf* «bov« provl4«4, it 1« wy will that suah nccttKvii ?iiti©i3», at th# 

tf«*th of •*!«! Urn, Winnl* '?»rv«jr, shnll lft#o«ia« « fj^rt of siy y««l<f[u- 
•ry ••t&t«. 

"•y* On««»ljcth (1/6^ or fesi« r«»l.1-a« of ««ll inoea* »h«ll 
K» to »y nine*, Mr«. iWdi«f iJ»ilth, a«rli4g ii«r nati:nral lif«. 

*It 1« my '"^ill that 'Usti'l'b'titlon of th«» Ino-rsia* to th# 
fMrtl«» prryl(!0«! for In thi» g«ctl«»R F©ttrt«'!««jta shall fee m«iui« 
QH^rt^rly, If practloali^l©, ex«*|5t a« <}th«rwifl« »tat®,4, *** 

•Slxttenth: I will fm^ 'tirset tih^t ;ift«r Ut» 4«i«th ©f «y 
vifft, fw^ ©f th« l«|£<«,te«ss, wjRo ar* Ae»l(j.p<.ate^ h«r«i« %& reealir* 
th* ineeiQ* of smy «a.l-J ««tatP svftfsr th® fl*<8^th, of ^ty stai?i wlf*, 
during thf-ir ri«i.tural llv«» ^ewstaiiv^ly, all ©f my estate, auadt nil 
•f ay r#Biduary ftRtat*! ahwll, '«« tts*' atsmna ahJill aooni* ifey th* 
4c»atxi of soiy of the p«rti«« i.'ii^nelonftd iiJBitt'Vt), m ^& ti:t@ Cat^icilitt 
Mshep of Chicago, a corperatleu, bo1«, «.b master, t© be .9»iid 
•Ttr by iiisa, an«r« *m4 »feajp« sbllk,<s, to thi# iiaii'it l.i'4ry»» tr&intng 
Soheol At i^AAhariTlllfl, 21llnoi«, !-ia;{f to x.h» Q^vhalia Chuxd& Kx«» 
ttnslttn &«eiety cjf th9 t^?lt»di St«t4s« of <^<^fiett, a cer^orittion, 
• rganicetf tm^tiv the Isiira of t>i« llt«it«i «f ]iilealg»a, tiisd tc» th« 
YitltfttloB ancl Ai'l Society of ChieiNStj, Xliiriol*, or to tha stir- 
vlvort er survivor or suvGASsos'* <:«r aMeQ««»o>' of «Faidl isntito* 
il«iia or Institjtioa. " 

Th« Citetfjooller fottn*!, fsfur* It 1« not Alftfutod l>y any 
of tho iiMrttot, thait tho ^r«»« •oRi«-«il«tli (l/s) of %ii*i re«i4w« of 
••1-1 Ineoffio," w«o<1 In th« lettoro* pnr^t%v^h• A, 1% C, U, IS sm^ f 
of olaiiao FoHrt««Bth, •hottl'l roaA *ois«!!»»i3s:th (l/S) of tho incomo of 
ool'l r^olluo,* 

William 3, HytioB -Sled on Kay 7, 1914. Aft-ur bl» dOAth 
%ho following lofatoeo t*B5«r tho will aioiti Jonnlo 1^. Hynoo, H«jrry 
fIya«o, Atinlo Wob»tffr, Holseri A. Burt«<ii and aoorglo B. lTa««. 7h« 
potltion %ll«g«o •ths.t T&y rooooji of tifiooo f tcto, doubts smA «lffer- 
«B«oo b%v« arlson tail «xi»t b«t«o«fi «ok» oj th« b#n«f loij^rioo uodor 
tot irlll, JsjTid bfft^oen so«« of th« 'l»t«n«flciarl«w aad yotHf or*tctr, with 
rof«r«noo tc tho iruo vnA proper oo»«trui»tioii and Intmi^rotailoa, in- 
toat and aicaclng of %h« will.* 

Th« portlnout p&rta of tiio dooroo of ttoo Chttnoollar 
aro as follo*aj 

"(a) That tho txmA of ton t^iouaand 4olIa«>a (tlt>,i:K^)0,O0) 
hal<1 >y tho truat*o unilor th* ihirti»#nth clauao of tho will for 
tho h»nefit of Harry Hynoa, ohould at on«jo be pal<i ovor to the 
Cathollo Blahop of Chleafio, a» roalduary l««ato« tincJor tho 
alxtoonth clauao of the will, togethor with all the Irscosio ao- 
•w«latft44 thoroon firo» HoYO»ber tl, W2l, tho 4ato of tho <a«ath 
• f Barry Byttoa; 






.:-^ 'Sr^ ■'. 



»**'!» 



it$i'W^-iifi'*>l(' 



■jsi'SWj* 



• ri t ^ 14 il Sii ,? * XAJ i & 't a '. 



taXXe 



. irjesji, i.->;'i ■ Mf 









'1 'S# ii 



©f •iitty Uiou»6Uia 4oiiHjr» (IftOjUvO.CO) f».r»vi«««<l uiid»r th« twaiftifc 

it^Xifornl^, UAvl^r tJ^o twelfth el«>ui'« of tHf) «»14 'srUI, will Im 
tl(Ky«kbX« to hiK uiM»ii tk«r t#r&int).tion or tko tru«t «rhii»n waa 

"(d) That «f»fi th,« 4«?atJi ©I* Iril, «fitt f«b«t«r, b«n#ri» 

^•1 of th'* i'vXiA ur;«|#r th<* »«»,li| fewrttfrnth i&Xmm« hvntmmt pjes^fafelL* 

oi* the sttid t'©ttrt*«t.Kt"a «jlHue*i ^tajii ae up^&n thm d®.ttt:t dpr 5i«®tliii 

• r ttt» l5«Mi©ri clary ot fessnef l«i«uri*!»« &m*m4 l» wty exji* ®r »«t« ©f 
ih« other aaliS l«iter«d piiJttuK.rn^ihB ei" £bt«;« «ai4. j*ourt»«»Mtla eXtAU**; 

ol&uso ol' tUa f»«ld wiXX, all«)uiei pisjrts ar<i @#t «}ff l«i t^.@ T>«» 
ol4uttry 3L«gat»« f**®** tli@ iirijiwifnai ©f tM^ ftt&4 tr* %m hmtdn ^f 
%Si9 tritot««, dAfloirlbeit i«i. tu# i'@iji'%«$aiatii ala.us« &t' %hn &ialS wilX 

lit ntkCii 9i the «ix X«ti«red p^'$k(^rm^hiA qS' tha mist^i-i a|.».u«i« s^« 
*oiiiM>ai;t;ih (1/6) ©<" Ui^t y*eid«« ©I* s«A«4 i«-(j®a&e» (»©«tfiin.|.; tJ?.er«%y 

■•tting Aoldtt ol" 0»«fi«>8tJit^;i »f tli« 9iki4 i\mil nm'^ tli# d«i^i&i'i of 

•ftl4 I'uoid r4»ii%ini»|g hmtt »l't«r -ija«» »iittl«g a.«tlcl« oi" a liko fro* 

portion Htft »iiar« of t..'i« «ai.i ^^as4 yptsii %ii® deatu of fear*. a-«©rgl« 

¥9n«flel«rloft nm^nH in imy t&n^ or ustoro &f %l-i«> ethrnr «i!i&ifl X«t» 

t«r*4 i»)sarii|prm|ih« «»'f t^« nmid f'o^rt«««i^ oX«u8«,^ 

It is ebviouo ihftt 411 of tko rtt(il4iit«» of U>«) o»ta.t« 
ttltl»»t»Xy will go ta tho Catholic Blthop ©r SMoss^o. m@ «5Uly 
qu«ttldn«, )3ro»9fly iitcti«4, ^rn wk«tii»r la® sl*oul4 raeaiivoi tt !» 
IMrto Sit Aif format tixt^B iHmpmi-^Mm^ im mrtaXn $(m%liag«a%oi««j or 
'•hothor ht should rooitivo It an ^Ui «!i»tir«%y %% one tis»«, 

Gou&««X r<ix tu« 4«f»4j4»ii%» :iL«.t«i«rl»« c©ttr«iij i«feur« 
Coitroll, ttfi'i othor AOifoiiaamts, ntwatv&AB th&t %h« proi»«r «ori»truo« 
Uoa of tKo will 10 tt« follow* J 

*{1} IkAt «»• tho t\aid of fofi tboufttmA Bolluro ($lo,CDC) 
^•lA iBy tiio Trui5t«« un4«r lii* thirtewith olauoo of th« will f^r 
tho b^iftfit of H«rry Hy»«o upon tfe«? d««fcti4 of Wi«t l*tt.«r wteouXd 



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h«vo t'All*j7 iiTfto nxi'^ b«cn»!« r,Hi,rt <of fn«? trust fxui'^ 0T*'mt^4 "tey 
th« fourt^ftnth «lr«,uii« of th« ^Hl„ or »h©ul-'S b** ht?'J''f iiy th* 

Sxeautor «s Trw«t»« t© fe« ■«-*xlFdnl«t«r»!! "by hlas 1« !*0efiir'^3«i<{« 
»tth th« t*r8i» of tH» ffjart««HRth islwue* of t&« -will, 

•(5) That ** iB th«* «Y«nt ©f tha <1l«mth »f ?mj«ft% 3, ■lit* 
{forB«rly ''^llisu J, HyK««) h«rfor« i^«i»ohl»c th« 'BMif? itf thirty (3C) 
y««rii, tiie txml, of SlKty 'i'h«ii«ffl«ri4 iH»il&r« {%&'-),:■■ i^} |;>r6vl4©<l 
ttn.-!«r 3«otion l'v?«lfth of sAs will eh-jill faXl into sijsd b«'ooK« ft 
part of thm trust fund «r<*>iiit»d hy ton f«sKirt»9«ih ei»u»e of tli« 
•^4 *lll, or tU'it %hn midd far.;1 of iii»ty Thou«S!«<J Dollar* 
(^60,000) sheul'l, tew h«fl»S by li:i«i «3E«e«t©r a» tr«at*f» ts b« 
Mlminlst«r«A by it ur»<-i#r swod In a««;©rA««a« "srit^i tinw >?ravl8iotift 
of rioetien iourtftfliRtn ei' fcho «il„{,, 

eiary un^«pr if»>ir«|frtt?>h ♦»,♦ o«« ©f th«* aix lattisr«i<l f>.^ri«Mjrtt.pli» «f 
deeiion i''ywrt«f*i»Ua of th* isrill, th«i aRe*«i:x4h portloB ®f th« 

prinolotti of the fund, tb,« i'ltcoKi* frfsia whirls hfid! bfeen ,p5*yia).>'>lfl' trfi 
brc. Atmlo '«f«bBt«if -lisrlRt'; h^r lifwtltart, whoul?*'. rrt^sairi a« prin«l.<- 
9«1 of ti'i* ftmd imti.«r B«etlon fetirtstf^stJi sn-l thf». iri©om« th«r®from 
•houltl bft payiibl*! In stoeordsnc© with t'h^ tnrms rifi<1 rire^iwiene ®S' 
•old ^-^ootlon J^owrt»»«!tnth, 

■(4) A»d, aisHliarly, th*t ripet% thm disiati* ©f wirs, ©"^forgl® 
£• KTiUfio, b*«n«fiolsury umSwr tjaragraph ♦!>, * «5tB# ©f tnis six l«t- 
torod pnrftftraT»h« i;ifs4«y UwctioB Fonrt«flKth, t ■«* wn«s-9i.xth -♦ortlow 
of tho uri-Rclpftl ©f th«s fMB?! ahe^l'! r#«-:fttn '.m principal <3f the 
fttn4 und^r «Ald aoetlon F©Mrti?'»jnth ajR<? th« l.ne«»5i.«( thisrfffrois 
fhoTil'^ bo t:»t4ytt>;l« nn!l#r »r«1 In aecsr-lwiOflit with th^ t<>r!r.« fa\4 

flfiiary or beft««f l<;iajrl«« n^m*fA 1« ar^y obp' or mo??* of tHf othw 
•«J << l?rtt«r«d ns4r«igr«?>hi of S«»C!tloR f»i«,rt«»»»ntli «rtil th?^ ^*»atb 
of tho lawt wiirvl^er of th« »%!<? b^n««r4^l',*rl«»» Rs^ert in 3«ctioB 
yourtooMth, at whieh ttiRft thw *«tir« |*rln«lr)»l of the fvtnti aisdw 
Motion >'o',crto««th shO'Uld b^scmo psny&fcle te fh« C^tthelie Bii;ho|!i 
•f Chtoago m.n ri^9idn»ry l<Biv;.a,tffi«,** 

»# do not '*gr«o wliS:'! tit« »«ithod &f r<*u««onlrig imrwuM by 
ooiinacl iR rsHoMag Ixka oonoluAlons. Wo »ls;«ll n«t Bt,a.t© its d«t»,ll 
oil of t%io »Ti£vmm:%» of eo\tK««l, '^«t «h%ll onidiiiAVDr :»i«trisly t^ out- 
lis* t)ao oubotianeo of hlu contAiUlono. 

Mo eontonds tkat «lnu« tho toeti^tt-^r, aft^r provi^llng 
for tho boquAot to hl» wlfo i» t»o fonth (slauoo, mrco tho |>hr»»8 
"o »«jrt of «y rAoidunry eot»to* In ««b««(|»i«mt elattisftii, tho «»« &t 
thot phraoo ••8>r««ur»T»«»ooo and tBVolvos th<» ld«a t3a»t. th«r« wao or 
•Hottld b» in oxlatwrico » rooHuary ««t%t« «»i.-?«r the t»r5««** of tho 
•111 *boforo tho dooth of olthor Wllm^ J, ay»«» or Uwry Hyuooj* 
tk»t tho tioo of tho word •!»«*** l»?tll«8 th» oxlotouoo of *th« 
*tomothinf * ©f wbleh & thing i« to b«©o»« a j»art{* tha.t «««fe » 



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r««14u*ry «atAt« It pT9ri4LmA fer itn^ i«r.in«<i in «;Xjitt»« fdHSth 1» %ii« 
liint;uttp~e, "All th« r«»t a»4 real la« of «^ projuBrty; '* ttmt tM» is 
th« first dcfinitioB of tn* i>iir«t«« *r«»i'»u*ry «»tat«;*' that tht 
"iisxt A'flnltian of a r«BtHtnty,r ftdt-itw* Ik fo^jrl In c;l.*u«« r^jay- 
t4«mth tr! th» follswine; Isursgwag*, ■aft«r 'fch« d«*th oi' m^ wlfa it 
i« ay *lil that th« inc«»4? frem jrv «>atat«* left tor llf® t« t^y •«-i4 
***'• XSS^iiliM «»^t'*'* **■*♦ that frftiTi tfefBSt fsr«nl9t8 it followa that 
i»h«n Harry Msnm«B ''i#iS hie b«qa«5«t ©f 110,00© p.tknM»A t» ii^« r!^»ia»» 
wry •8tAt« *«ftn«^ In olrnj©* feT-srt#?f»tJi» fe«((att»« part oi" that r*- 
•i^MfUty •etate, md «ti{| n«t go iisoisi^dl^tijly to tk« Oathollts Bl^hef); 
that if Vilna J* Hyn** dies 'b^rftr^ th* a^gt of tliirty y@ar®, jRitr 
^•<iu(i«t of $60,OC-0 will |»a«a I© IHe reisl^^Jii^^rir ^etatw 4<sfla«»d i» 
elauso fourtoAnth, 'will Ixecoffi® fart &t thskt rsaiduary ««tat«, %t»4 
vill not go ifi^<»41attly to i^e aftt>u»li«3 SSlaJrioji; tl%%t thti r«»%4umr3r 
oatate of el%uo« foart««»tii, wtiisn fey th-n ^raviaton© ef «la,u«« 
aixt»*»th, ttltiisi.'stwly Is to g® to tiio ©atiiolie Blahoy, will B©t go 
to th« Cathelie Bishoi» ta»tll th*» 4«»tJi; of sill of tho l#g8it««f« «««« 
tioBAif in th* lwtt«r«^ iftJiTa^r alpha A, B, (I, TS, 'E mnA f of dlaaa* 
fo«rt««nth. 

In our opinion th© s«iriin.5«3»nt« of eoim®*?! ar«f not e©B» 
▼iaeins. Assumina; for tho aaJte of «rg»as«nt tkist ocfar;s#l*e prer.iso, 
•hi eh 'nreaupi>«eoa that tho fthraao *r«t8lf«w*ry sjotato* w&o orpri^aaly 
tloflnod fey the tnatator, lo eerroct, usui WAiYiUH the tatitolosgr tha% 
•a a ooaaoquenoo woul4 result i« tho u»« of th« two phria»««i» *»1.1 »f 
•y ostato** and "all of «y roal^juary eatat*" In th« aixt««nth cltnuso, 
it feoeoaoB noooaaary to oxplaia why the word *«iiy* 1« uae^J in olauso 
■^^••'ith iB oonnoctioB wit;i the l^hraae "twiy oJ theF abovo noKtlonoi).'' 
Tho oxplanntion of eouneel Ib that it way bo troated aa tautology, 
•r olao Kay \>m ohm^ROd to tho werdi '*all** to muktt tha will "ecnfon 
to tho aanifoet iotatit th»t all of tho Tf^midunTf «ata%o tfaioold pin».% 
to tho Catholic £iBi;oi» at ono and tho am* tljao." Wis tliin* 



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i«rt«»'i ;-U>®* i /.>!-• '»'■-» >■■>■:- '^: ■-•-t ■'' / 



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th*i th« word "lUfty'* is not us«d tautoIogiealXyt w« also think th»t 
It vottl4 not t?« i>®3*!&ie«iM«' to ahongo it to '^all^*' «%e, iJA our vlofr, 

it io not noeoooory to rocort to tb« ruil^ of oonstraetion «oi:tt«c<1o4 

for by oounool th»t tho lajigu«ig« of « will m^y tj^ diitxigod in er^or 
to offootuftto th.o alo«r letont of th« teat^ator, 

yxirthor ir. otupicK^rt of hi« <s-©«fc«Rtte.K th*t it vmo tho 
intont of tho tootater thst tia« r»ai<lu»ry «»tiat« oteouXil mtt pans to 
tho C«tho1iio Biohop ttntil ^^'t<^r %h« 4«i^tl& tt»f vtll of ths l.<^g%tffl#t 
»<!Wtlo»«*<? in th« l(»tt*r«d o^f^ff *?»H» ^, 1, 0, TK, 1 ftK'l F of clatjoo 
fowrtoentb, connswl for t*it» 4of#r.fJafttB K-jatiiorinw Cottrell, Laura 
Gottrollf MSf) otnor d«f «tjd».tit0, si.»ii!stdlEie I lat olauoo fotirtoontlii 
4o«o not »t»t« «ti9ro t-Jao Inooiaso »h«XX go upon tit« ^tath of «ny of 
tbo logoioot; t^ai elmuso fo%irt««»tli deea not otato wh^ro *the «oj>> 
imo of a one-fti^tli of the r<aei4u«ury afttat« nkmll go upon tiuo doath 
of any* of tho lega.tt«o; tlunt elauao fourteoiatto *troato tfao rooldtttary 
•■tato a* an witlrtty mA. frerldioo »l*?.-ply %lm% tfeo ♦incsaio,* 1, *. 

***• ^^ol» inooi8« rroj»i. tii® w'-j^le re»44uary . o»tat<», mall fee '.Uvl«Jo<l 
wtong tho ber.fffioiarifto nasM in «tetio»i fotirteanth. * In our opin- 
ion, «T«B tboo^ clanoo fRurt«#fitli may b«». eilont in th* r»«p«ete 
«ontion«4, wh«n tho claaeo l« 8oB»i<i»r«i* in oonn^etion with olawoo 
•ixto«Rth, th# oonotruotlon plaiot^ on islmyaio f<jurt^<*ttth tjy tim 
Choneollor io oorraot. 

Cotu^sol fttv Katn^rino Oottrsl*, Lttum CottreXi jm4 ntht»r 
4«fori'1«r>ts fun tor con%fn6n that "upon a proper ao«fttrviGtl«B of 
Motion foartooBth •♦ tlx* gift io oloarly to a cl^«a mm not to 
Indivi'Jxial 1»«u«tletarie«j mil Uio th« rulo is that *w'n^r« tho ^ift 
i« to a olaoo thor; upon fn« <leat?i of ariy amolior of %h& olaoss, either 
>»tfor« or aftor Uio doatn of tlio tootator, hio tesiiefioiaX Interost 
•••••• •qvally to tho ourriiroro of tha alaoo,* 

Wo oloarly are of tJio o|>iiulon tnat tho tootator <il4 not 
intoiid that tho le^atooo undor el<uaeo fourt*onth oiiould tako »■ a 



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if*«tM«ffii waif ,4i*«»i»|- 



elt^B*. A gli't to « eltoia h%B g«n«rft:i.l^ b«4m 'Sofinet-t :%& a gift ef 

•B «(fe>^*iEat« •uB.tn ft 1b»«*y of T>«!ir»9n«i unc«rtaiK In nujs^-sir at tfe« 

tl«« <if tti« gift, to T»t *«©«rt.!aviiiod at a fwi^urw tisrs*, w>j» are 

all to take in •quikl er m^mum itUmr Amtinitt portions, ih^ vh^r^ 

• f «««& b<}lB|E (l«p9Hd«nt fer Ita sMount wpen th« ulti»a%t nt»eBlD«r. 

♦© ii|r<Jl»p«dia of i-ser imd i'r«j««?lur«, i*. 1473; 'gh « . Ve , 3^. >J(i (i.:| tS..r.g..._, tt,C 

iawiea t. Plqro» . «67 11,1, «„■«, 414, fn t,h« casw ©f tins ¥»i«n- 

t»»r« of MifftiQ* -v. i^ieyct, .auiiJfft . the mxtvt ouot«4 with »|i»»roval 

tb* follovlAg lanigu9«« (jp»r^• 41 i* "iliSit 

•W)i«tn«r R 4«vl»e or b««|ue«t in tt» a ©lam® ©r %» ti»« ir*- 
dlTl/lra^ft «»«n«tltuti»ti the el&»» .'UstrifcyitiTWiy, d«i;j*?-i54» ttj»«»n 
Vh« l«riguaf:f« of tti« will. If frotis j«Mah Lstf^;;;*!?*!,!;® it mpp»nT» 
th«t th« »wRt.«r of »#r«!>n« who a»'* t?> taitu <ii.(? tiae iMsotint ©f 
tta«ir «rtiar«i ar# une«rtii»i» isnt.il th# <3«vl«« or Tb«nij#»t i»k«« 
•ff«et, th« br»ri*fieiArl»ii will g-.twer6aiy fe«s h<sl<i t© t?8ik-i» «■ a 
oliuit; \>\tt wHT«f at t-;«* %\m^ of mwklMf thffi gift thm nvmbmr of 
1>«a#fieliwi«»8 i» cortain, fir^l th** #tar« 9Pi,gth l» to r»*e«lir« l» 
ttla« awrtttiii srH in n© »»,y «?«s««n'1««st for it» ssK-netirilj ?io«ttt th« 
ii«HBl3«r wh© shall BwrriT«, it i» net a rift to %. cla»j5 Viwt to 
th« lh*ivi<^y««l« 4l«trib\itlY«lyj ->m\ tnlm 1» generally hi«!lf! t« 

•r« oArtain.** 

»• think tn«t in the oa»R »t >>.■« th« legacies 5jr»Ti<i<M 
for in elAuoo foart«e«th w«r« n^t l««#jciii«4 a« gifta t© a alt^oo but 
to iB4iiri(lu;&lo. tiio ntmb^r ef b«ii«il«i»rlto is eorfeaifi, «uci4 tho 
•»i*r« Aftoh i« to rneoivo al»G ie <3«rt»iB »jii3 in no we^ di»p®Bd«»t 
upon tho iiunli«r of b^n^fieiarioro who ttakXl ourvivo, Fwrtltor&oro, 
•ineo tno prf?vi»lo»o in tho l«t!;«r«4 ^oragrskiriii "C* ©f ©lauoo 
fomrteonth relating to tho gift to Uf, WmnuiM Jiurtoii ond the pro- 
▼loiono rolatiag to tJ^io gift to iiro, Mlt^nio iianroy iii tho lettfjroA 
porofroi»fa •»• oro diff^ront fro« e«on othor ««d jsIoo fro^i tbo 
giftfl to tho locotoos in tho oHe^mr ln%l«rmA p«jrogr&pha, it aldorly 
opo«ar» thot all of tho j^ifto |irofl4o4 for in elau«o rourte<«atli ytiof 
l»toiHo(! oo gifto to inilYi«?M«l« tmA Mt to «t ol!*o», 

Conn^ol for the truatoo, tho Chieogo fttlo A Truot 

CooipoRy, *i(gr»0 with tho Ch^o«llor*B ooriotrjetion of the* will in 



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ftXl r««««»et» txcept fte to th« Chaine«lXor*» eonstt^i^etioe i6f clati«« 
foiirt««nth in eoiin*etl<»n «ith elati«<i •lxt)»<>»nth. C^unwel for ih« 
tra«t««, iha Chlaa^o 7ltl« ^ ?]ru»t Compunyt ^m4 c$Mn««l for tJsit 
^•fmn'iixr.tn Xath^rins Gottroll, S,«ur» C.«tt,r©lX a»-i ©thsr dtren^antt, 
«Kr«« la %%Ht oftnBtPuetl^K of slaasw foart«#nUi, ijwt ^Iffey a« t« 
th#lr flwnitructlon of th* oihwr i9f!irt» of tfeff will tn oontroT«jp«y, 
And whllft th«y ai?r»e ae t© thftlr oeuolwei^K* r«g»,r^ii4.l5 tl«.« eon- 
•tructios of olausa f©urt«#nth, t]^i®y di»«4isr«« In rft«paet of th« 
r«aaone for their 4»3noltielofi«. 

Aooording t« th« o©Katruetlon of aour»»»i f«>r tilio 
trutt««, tho Chicago Tltlo S Tyust GoflipaBy, eiatj»« «ixt««nth, if 
•xpr««s«4 «3plieiUy, wo«lfi reawd *« foXloif»: '•I wiil a»4 4irtot 
that aft#r tho A«a%!fi of KAthtrlne »ia«l i..»Mj!'« CottreXl, Mro. fm'ifii« 
Burton, attd aO^l ttie otij«r smn^ltar.to, all fl*i ssy ««tftt« ( a»«!l j»Il »f 
»y rcBlduMry estait«, &« th« suhio bJuO.!, a^oru* Isy t^« d^mth. ©f ^ilam 
or Karry Myneo ©r ^ro. HarY«y) e.^iali feo to feh® aafchoXl® Biohop of 
Chieo€o *** a« tmatoo *♦•, w« thlo tn^aVf eoofitseX eoBtim4 th»t 
tho iihraoo "orp-oixth* aoo4 in e»«h of thw li!?ttoro4 ijas-a^raulit A, 
1, C, B, 1 ftn<! f of «!Xflt!us« fr,iirt»«Bth, woiiX'l 'bo ^«|ulv«X««t t« th» 
yhraao **n o<)uaX oharoj^ »jmi«! that in or<t«r to ec«fera to «tt«h oon- 
■truetioB th.«» nhrstao "ons-olxtli* in «»«ch of th,* i«tti?!ir«d, V'&r^rmphM 
of oXoaso feurtoAnUi ahottXtl r«8Ml» *»«<» oharo, TbaiKj: ora«»eixth.* 

Wo nAPiit thmt tho eonetniotiorj of oXa^aao f«»urt«#rvth 
in eoFinoetloK with eXauao iixtoontb proaonto »«i« dlffleuXtioa, 
Jlio quoation ia not froo froa doubt. It te t-nw-, »« sotartaeX for 
tho truotoo, tJi« CMoa^po titXo & Traat Co&pany, saiklKtadu, tliait it 
ia cXoar that tho toatator nrvor iRt«nd[o4 that the tifttheXie Bia/iop 
• f Qhioace, tho ultlsiAto X«£»to«, ahotad rocoivo any of tho inoaao 
froa tho oatato; uni tifiat tho toatator 4i<l not autnorieo «ith«r toy 
■poaltlTO :ti root ion* nor hy "the aXltsht^^ot nfflmfttiTO poxmioslon," 
tho truotoo "to a«©ar»*o on«*aixth of th« r»J*iK«i|>«l of tho ««ti*t« 






^X«ioni{;t. 



»«|tttJ» VlS^triKtT lit 



^^UtJSH':- 



?®«gi»'s 



if) «f.^>..-vv 



;,»«*. igAM»4> 



iS^ 






■-cxst v'isvt&.r'. .a:.';: :ci,; 5^;::^^ 



t( 






.m.; J:=<. 






d$-K.l9l»'i 






10 



froa th« t<t%aX «n<3 %vtrn It orcr to the ulilianit* lAi^nntft®.** ^t^ 4o 

not think, hftw«v«r, th»t th«s* ooKt<milont ronier tk« Chai>««il«r*» 

oonatrufttleti oi* th« o1«u»«b Ia question unirttrr«t«taiEila, fh« d«er«* 

of th9 Chanowllor <io«o not dirttet tJa%t: f^ny of ili« ico»i»« of th« 

••tat« ohoiftld b« j^jold t« th* Catliolle Bishop of UM<»ai^o, th« uXti« 

sste l«gat««, )»ut ^o«B find Uiat u»er. th«> dl«fliti'4 «f Mre. Annl« 

w«^«ter, on» of tfo« logattiit, 9it(»*»l3tii'; of th« 97iti«l;i»i fttf)d '%>•• 

owao |}ay%bl« to th« OathoXlo Blohop of Chl«Ai;@; tn$k% olisllHrly, 

ttsion th« dtath of Si^ro. S««r*-lt B. '?▼«««, »Bothi»r l«g;Bt«« \m3«T 

elauso rnurt«©«th, one-olicth ©f th# prinoi?»al i'wuS 'bftOiStfSfli yj&yabXo 

to th« Catholltt Bl«hOT>i/*^»* * otasiJaiT ©is«»irrjetl.oa nhQttl?? nppXy 

upon tti# doaths of thff ©t;h«ir If^g****** im-l.-^r el«>i«« feii3rt»«»Ktii, 

lander the will 

AlthottgH th«r« is »o #3r,pllelt aytb©rlty/fer »ueh «j#JB«tryollo», *• 

thlnv; that thi« «ien»truotl(»il o^^rrtet out th« ljit««t of tlie tostator. 
la r«£«Lr^ to th« eotvt«£itlois of ttottiia»«iX for the tru«t<nt , 
tho «hlefti!;o Xitlo k ItuBt Coj&j^ehuy, that th« l>l).l><ti«« '*i»n«>»iai:th ol* 
tho inoosao" u«oct in th# l«tt<ir«tl 93%raigpr«^te« of cXt^«« fourt4»«nth» 
■heiiX4 b« ehtti-igoid to road, "Ono oaiAro« ^iKlaii/, o»«*slxtk»** v« aro 

• f th« opinion tJoAt it is not n«c«o»a3ry su to eUwgo tbo rondl&i; 

• f the phrntott to offeotuato tho into^ition of th@ t«»tator. 

Wo »r« of the opinion th*t the couetrsieticis of th« 
wiXX *y iho Ch«jne«llor is oorroot. It i» thi* rnl^ iimt w}dX« tho 
o^joet of th« eoRstmotlon of » wilX i« to a«eert«ln th« inton- 
tlM of thm t«»tfttor, ttoo intiwntlon mustt be on*? thsit la »xjjr<?s»«d 
in th« wiii an-i ntaot b« <J«t<»nKlne4 frossa the Ifluagnac* 'jood in tho 
•liX. Ko^inQh V. liiooro, 987 111. &18, fiSK. It l« ttimo th«s raio 
that n viXX oanriet bo rofommoA tc: ef^nforei to nn intontioa not 
•xprosood in tho wiXX. K^ . ? !,l8'B(h .,T *, ^ . C'B . *'* * *^^^ ^* i * ^P* <'2», ) In 
tlio oaso at bar «o think tti« intontion «f th« t»otator xay 1i« 
M«ortaln«Ki Mthout ohanf^ing any of the Xattguat^o of tho viXl. Wt 
think that it eXoax-Xy appear* froK tho wiXl that thn t«Bt*tor 



ft««lf«»^. 



oi 



'5;1 



••(*■■%?' 



"Sftet'-itjif '»*; 



#lsf«»f 









t^m-' 



tkiUt 



/•i,st,a»*»* 



?4 .3>*<i** 



»r-. 



?£*«'«.«>■?;■ 









'»«;f' •'iH;! 



Intan^ffl that th« l«f;K«i«ft rW«n t« ^ilmm J, Hyn#«, K!»rry Hyo** 

nai t'T«, ainrtl* Harirty, sh^all'^ «^»n th<»lr ilsatiiii 'beo^sa* fn»,'ym"fel# 
lra««.1lAt«ly t« th« Catholle ^-It-Jjoi;' of CSii®«ij?o. tn. our vtKWr it 1» 
•vtdftA't that th« t«Btftt©r I,«t9r«4si»4 tli&t wiiii,t fee tersiti* ih« "r*- 
•Idufurjr •Btate* 8^u>uXd b^ a '/llff «fr««t# 4lJBti«ct estate frnm th« 
gerpH» or prif^clpal «ets)>t«* He i»ne» tl&« l>hr!i»Mi ^roal^uAry <?e* 
tat«" i'ifts %lm^9 In t^i« -will. In clnyi®« 8ixt«imth it f&ll«.»r« th« 
lOxruae, "&11 oi* my ««tat«;'' land if the '!&-i-»ts.*te>r <U-f .not Inteuad it 
t© hiiiY* ft 4iX*f»r«at ia»«nii!iu rros, tka ^ret»«, "all el* «qr •»t*t«," 
it woia.<! have to l!»# tr«ffli.t.«il «« t8i«,tol©#:y er smrtfl-aaiM^:*. Tktt 

Adrtlilcnsl wor4 or ^hraitis, hisf miat i><« •^r^n^m^A to luiv* an adHt* 
t tonal 8!*»«ln«, * ^auw-w! ©r* Wlll«, vol. XI, s>. ^?011 { <Stll S»#lli^ 
«d. 1910). 

In ©ar owlnloa t}5» n«» ©f **».« trer4. "istiwrt* is «twi«t«- 
tleu with th# ?*ira«» •ehnll \*»ec»« a part ©j* wiy r^stdusiry «ii»t«xt«?* 
^o<Mi not l»ply that th« t^njtsjktur in si ]?>s*)nrl»i}« t»Twwi«i&ii ^f tih« 
iHll h*d or<»at#«3 ft r^^ot-^tiary «*3t.'ttif'» to w'jiah th** pm'% «h©ul<S l)« 
■4<9«d. 'ifi think thskt in umittg %h^ phrti«« •*ffl>i«tll Weoisse a fatrt «f 
■y realiuiw;/ estate* th« ttstater i««sr«l3f feiyi, in aiad » -fOSKifclt 
••t«t«| or« aa CGu«i««l s'er t>t#^ tr««t»ii» th« OSiiea^© Title lit Trujit 
6««9ABy, *:3itiy t*r» it, *« @a«U4il risei^nift* wjaiaia mi^ss-ht e©a» tjsto 
txitt«r)o«. Yh© u»« of tSae^ word "fef^ctisad** awppcrtsii the: vl«v that 
iha tttst&tor had la Hiia4, not a risaiti-uiupy fliatate that h« hiMl 
fr«iriou«ly 4«rin«4, but a poualfclft fut»ir« «9t»te or jsoaaifelp 
faturo "oaattal r*alrtu«.* 

Glauaa feurtcwnth, «• w« hav» «sd<1, T.vr«««>nts n more 
dirfiouit *m«8tloii of oonatruetlon, Cet»i5««l for the tnjiat««!, 
tha (%le«g« Title & Tn?»t Gampumy, h%r^ arKw^d th«| qufl«tl©r* with ft 
•^••t doal of forQ«, Wo -to Rot niany tnat elwusa fourteenth la 
iVMop tibia r4a«f>an;^>>ly of tho ej^natrttetiom o©nt*nia4 for %y 



a 



Irfi 



^9»$H 



It 



eounecl. ^« think, tiowtver, tkat tli« 6on»tru«tiQja adoitte^ by Uie 

(^«n0«llor le c>i9 one th&t juor* ^iTobubly •xpr«tts»» tri® aetiJiaL 
int»Pt 91' the ttttitAtor. In our viev, th» pkrft»<» *a» th« wjmia 
■iiAlX ftecni«," ui!«A Id el%use sixt«!i«inth, «?3«fS not qiii^lfy only 
th« DhrtHS* *r#«i^uiury ««t«t«," %» e<^un»«i for th« trwftt««, th« 
Olloa<9 Tlti« .** Truat Cor.psmy, <50ot«mrl, teut q«all/i«» that |»hrR8« 
ivn^ Hl»n th# «hy«»« 'all 63' »3i?' ^stsiie," "®« think th«it the w©r4 
•wsy* «ui tt^wl In th« phr*«# *\f;g' oJ" tHfi i»arti«!«i isesitloa^d abevt,** 
does not Koaoft "fcl.!* sf t^t* j>a.rtl«»j «in<1 w*} *lso thlalt that ti&9 
fhraM *«jn7 of tho pftrti«s mmiiit^n^d'* l8 r^sol iritAndod to r^Vmr 
only to ^ilna J, fJynoo, Harry Hjmo* ^^ifi-il i^-rs. ii.l»ij-.l« iiarvoy, at 
oouE»«i for tho truot^«, Ui« Chicago title 4; Iriiot ef«j».=*fiy, e«jn- 
tond, l»ttt refisro to oil of Ui« l«»gat«($i» aentios^Oiil In Unt <ifitiro 
will. 

:^or th*? r«*»«)iie «tat«?l the <l«er«0 of tho tJhaMcollosp 
it off! nrod. 

MoSuroly, 1>, *T, , 0114 ftEatatoott, St,, oi>iam4r. 



ft.::. 



, i1' .'> >'*■' . -V %%d 



tx 



'SiiiHi 



■r:n nti^ 



97 - 31?2» 



LfHA KI.AT2. 

15<if»i54'xnt in Terror, 

▼6. 

FlaJLntiiT 1» Krxor, 



ei? COOK coim^n, 

244 I.A. 636 



< 



ThlB is an act lor, brgught 'fey Lena Sl.^iK, ii\« nl»i»- 
tlff, to r«cever d«ai»g©« fyoai Joeeptai. I»l*«ri''©r , the d,ef®tt4«a:4t, fetr 
iBjurifft mustHlnsd «• thus r»e«ult of having b««n %.tt?4ek»d aad, 
Htt«e l&jr a deg own«J/^d ie-pt st. fe&a preiijiln** ©f tij« t«f«ni|» 

«Qt. 

T'a«. case *»» trl«i4 fe«>J'ore th.a oouri anU ■* ^urjr, Ih© 
jury fottol i.h« <Sef«r.-lAiit guilty ai34 ftaB«88«d tla,« ^lalKtiff's 
4i«inaf«t »t th« »«k of |4StK:., Fr«?j8 th« jii^i^ezit &fi t.h« Tffirdlet 
th« 4l«f«rit)tkftt h»B j>ro*)iout«ii tii« ■pr^^smt s».}}pn&l» 

On th« aiatwriBj ii8Rt,>«» of f^c% th» «?Tid.(»Eae ia eoi*-. 
flitttlnj^. Srlssfly 8tat«d th« wnk^lspatefJ #vl<!*n«« is aa follow©: 

Th« inlijlBtlJT ws-f tine d#f «»»B,t?»mt HitA {;<•. ttiiig#8 ab^sit two 
^l«ek« way rr©« ^woJi, eth«r «i ft s-.a^-wwr rrsaorfe 3,r. th<» tftskte ef Mlehi- 
lt*«. Defendant*fl eottA|?« was nlt^jft';'?^ on n 3©t z^bavit loo fwet 9«|tt^=re, 
A ▼eran4A •.ItHktit 8 f««t wi(^« «xtfrs4o4 laoross ths .mtire frftnt of 
th« d«f«n«!»ait*8 O0ttag«. ?J-i« prwaslo^R oJ* t-be '♦,eJVjirich«iit ^ere ar.- 
«1«8«(J >y * 'murm wire fiMnc* mbout 4 ft^et hiijti, -yad there wjmi 
*barb»«i wlrt str«tGh»d abov* th« four f««t, i^lght Inchwe t%bt)v% 
tli« ten tf th« f •««•,«' Thf»r« wan «» Ircn feat* laas^diataly la 
front af tha houo* of closely woven wlr*, su.^d th«r« wa» a double 
latito •« t^9 gttt«. The dletance rrem th« gate to th« rcyat,:ia vras 



S^;?m:; 



'1:' ,xr v^i 



«)efixr^ 






T -^^o loMitss mf. ismw^HM'-' 4.r--:'^Lims mr 



'^9A heisi\hf: 



tjla 









■iHihi*»t«t^ 



■^am 



J >x«»att» 



dl 



.;»Rii9Jti 



•^1 









about 4* to 5 f«<»t, tnere wa» a o«m«at - alJi fro» tiis v«r«iid* to 
the gtttc, rh« rtrmnd* ra» ewtirely »er«4mttdi i» -an*} tl4«r« v«,« m 
•tr««R -^oor At tt!!.* «t<^19« left^ijag off of thn vftrHt'ii-^a, uaA tUmo m 
■oretr <1o©r lit^irg lYsw tho -reraurila tistf the Hiring: roow <»f th« 
•eit»..«. Both «r the io^rss were k#pt elft»#4l "by »pri«f», m»'! th« 
Gnt«r <!oor alto had a clsus'p to k^9p it shut, iKsmndlatftly fci«t«k 
of th« 11 Ting room wa® th« ljit«ih«ifi «md j«»t Off of th« kltoh«« 
v«» a ctx^reoffl, the ■d^rsw'tMit kapt two li«lld6«« eii tis,* s»r«ffil«««, 
a faiuals run'? ta«r eon, Th® fesft-atlft wa« «* ©J?! dog ■«nl&ii tn« {He- 
fvciant had li»ft f©r a Isa^ tlm«. The ««>» wiia borfs Ik 1980. Tti* 
dega *«r« i:«ipt for th« pirotoetloa «f the 4»f @it'iia?tt ♦» wlf«, wiae 
Wat alone a graat i?«ttl of the ?,!««? in th» ©ottage, Oa Jwbo SS, 
19?3, ab«ttt nine o'eleeli; in th« mi»i|iiiig, th« |il»lnttff m^R% to ijft« 
•ettA<:-:# of the d<9fen<').aBt carrying a. howl of «»gil wslaii tsh© inttudlsdi 
to e1t« t« tho Aefes'sdant, and th« yoang«r 4ag attaoked lauad hll 
tho plaintiff, Th« plaljntiff ha4 bfMai to th« 8«ttAg« of tb« Amtimd-. 
ant hefort an<1 h«4 »»t th# ilwf «nflsmt*B wlft, -^Ji© hiad »}t,&mi h«r eurowntS 
tho houoe. 

tha prlncl'p*!! f-*et« ir; .^Ittstit* ?*?** (!) Author tho jfjlaia. 
tiff ]cn«« that th« doigr that 1>lt h.*r ^wsjb Jc*»pt on tu*» sir<»a9l»fl>B ©f th« 
dofPfi'likatj f!!?) -s-h^thor th« plaintiff wsis '»lt..4«'k<9d .9iR«t hltt«n by th« 
i»g jtiot oiatal^o thw gato of tho pr^dn^vt or at th« csnlraseo of tho 
door loading frc»a tho r^r^n^i^ to the living roo]8j(3) wh«sth«r tho dlo» 
fondant know that tho do« had a irlelovs diarposltlon; (4) •whetho*- tho 
UJtirloo of tho plaintiff are no oorlous »» »ll«!g;»d hy the plaintiff, 

Ob the quoFtlon whothor tn« plaintiff know that tho 
dog bit h»r vao Jcmpl on the ^r«»leo8 of th« ^ofondnnt, tho plain- 
tiff t*8tlfl«d that oho baow that tho d«f «« !*nt hsi& two do^«, but 
that thft o«« only obo dog, "a «j«lot, gontlo ^og,* In tho dofor.d« 
■■t oottagA at tho tUto that ah» wao ahovn ormxiA tho houoo ^ 



fff^^ 



■-r'StS 






~««»:A »t»»# st?^c' 'siin 



«i5;- 



•ff^to^r 



';'Ki»G»9«(^ 



, C&1 






&)fty»',s* 



'i0i.^ , #»i» j^.l^ ^jftM d'XO'if-' 



-"i!Si:' 



. al^aX«4;*( "■■■ " 






11... (ti-^j .!<;(; 



rsaJtft^ft/ 



'steiisf ■;;.«J«v ?.Hf 






the d«f»ndant't wir«{ that ah« had nttyror »«iiein Vaff log that bit 
h.9r TB«ror« the day that h« t?it her. th« sIsr^nilskRt t'iwtlx'iai that 
at tJi* tim« tiitt Rh« •i^io^oci t.h« plaintiff ar'sun i ttie J9ioa«o tJi« 
pi ail) tiff sav both (togs. 

On th« qui^stlen as to wfci«r« th# plivijBtlJ'f vaa »Jti«n Xim 
teg »ttaok»!* and bit her» th« ^lal»tiff t«»tirie«S th&t e4x« wa» out- 
•140 of th« {{Ht«; that 0h« tea4 met 0{»en«'1 tli« gate; that rh«m aho 
had raaahed tha i|«kt» the 4»fa«fisu«t 'a wife w»^« n&t an the Yeranda, 
and that «he, the aialntin*, *holi«r<sd for hftfj* that «he "hollara??* 
again; that th« <!af«R4i!Mit *• wlfa /MA not h«jai» hor, but thai the 4og 
fll<< r»ni eim* attt by th« «er*®n '^.nar* that tVswra '•■waa ob#> j%tm|> on 
the ioor, en th« fetica* or my Wi»ok, * 

'fh« il«ferjflswit ♦« wife t«»Bt If $,«••! that on thti mortiing in 
qu^etton ah# vaa B«rub>;lRg tii* riar b*f^rooa n«3tt to tha kitchen; 
that the yotmg ifog waa Ik th** houaa wlis. h«T, lying on the kltohea 
Jloor between tha living raoai and the b#1roe«; that ebe "had jaat 
been playlfi^. witn the young <26« with the wet u«p «'«Mg;" that she 
did net knew th«ikt the plaintiff '^ae ou the preni»^» vmtil me 
heard the pl^antlJT open the door *• tne weranda wd then open the 
•«reen door l^adint.^ to the llTln<^ toos&i that »h« thouijlit at fi rat 
that it wae hnr huebwnd, but tAat juat at that »ioiB«jnt the plain- 
tiff aereanad and drooned the bo^l of eigga ^leh ahe '*rn,9 currying 
ante the floor of the llvin«r roo», •rhere thajr broke auad aelaehed 
againat eoaa of the fwrnlture and the *«X,1 of the rooiaj that she 
eaw the olaklnilff back out of the too» aaroae th« verHjtida ^mA onto 
the Toranda at#ne, whTa »h« fell; that the ^eg, hftd hlbld cf the 
naintlff'o arm and the plaintiff waa Viewing the -^og; that ah«, 
the wltneee, wat Jttet recoY«rlr>g from m, ttprroua breakiown, and 
fainted for a »eraer,tj that the Qulekly rmccvered, eeiBed the dog 
end took hl» !uro'(snd to the baek of the houae; t i?tt ehartly aft^r 



baB 



"m^ ms^f •'4 f^9> f»*e» 



: mt^' 






»£{<? ;'■* bl^y 



■ .'II 



,.iivi»t-%^ 



th« •ocurr«n««, whlla plaintiff wa* lying on »», «oue*i on t]a« V0ra«4», 

th« plaintiff said -t» thw witBftK«, **I 4oB't 1»I«tta9 yoy. or th* dog. 
I hsKi a© rlijJ^t to waik i« Wn.% houtt* wi^,..«ttt eiUllng, " 

!i«riry C, March, A wltjnew* &n "feflrhalf ©/ thL« def an^liMrit, 
t»«tlfleii that, he w«nt to f.h® ooita«s'# %teettt » Kmlf kws h©i»r aft«r 
th« ©ceurrftno* and h«l|><iKi to ttioam «|i tiie l?ro-ii«» i^Jsga; that th« 
•Cffs «f«r« al^out two ftet on the lij«,l<le of titu iloor oi' t^« lioua«« 

Mr»« George Slxaaerrian t«®tli*l«4 ©n b®au,lf of the 4«* 
fttadiuat tn»t sh« tfae att tk« eott&g«» a. fmi mlnvi%9% ^f%i^t thii oe* 
ettrr«r.o«; tJaat f.her* »ejp« freshly ^roJt#» «fege •.« t^» T«raK(?a, oa 
ill* iloer of t]^« XiTltti^ ro<»a, i^oid u$) ikgtii»et th« «al^ of tha llTleif 
rowa clos* to Uid 4©orj tiawt. sh.« i\«ar.1 th« »)lA.tntii'l' B««i.,y, *i '»®lic«i 
in. It «&• ssjr fault.** 

^our wltB«»8«« Oft baiuUf of ta® <|«i>i-;daiit tsfstifiodi 
that th«y had he*rd th»» plaintiff »^e*k ©I the ooo^^rrtuioe^ !ia4 that 
th* plaintiff had •at'? tnat tfeit ^91^ «titack<i«l her wh®ri she wmllte^i 
into the living roo«^. 

©tt th# l«»ia» wh«th«r t^» ^«fi»Blisnt kiiew th-at t3ti« d»g 
hsi? ft Ttolott* dier>osltl©B, lir«(. 3eott Jly^Sw, «*> '^tn«.^e on b^^jialf df 
th« plaintiff, t«»tlft»<.! ^ha.t Ift th® etussaftr of 19'?1 wha waw l^itten 
by th« dog irhll«» eh?* »«« l^ th« 3(r»x<5 oi' tH« 4»fffln4f«f^t; thsfct th« dog 
•Mio fr©« tko 'lireotlon of th« b»eje poroh ©r rear of th« eottttg«; 
that h« ltt&(£«>4 at her, tor« through h«r elot)ilng, bit hwr on Jmr 
thigh, and pi&j;it«d hlo taetii on h«r arm; tirmt "thm bite* ▼»» cot 
**«p; that the sariiaaMA ar.d that hotJi tJio 4«fon4«iit aaia hie wift 
•aae to h«r, 6;i^reastd rt^rot, and «l»f«r,45int ♦b M.f« bAftdagcd her 
vouuda. 

/towar'3 Uartin, a boy of li y*ar« of *m<if, t«*«tifi«dl that 
In luE», 1938, whllo h« was isoing UirougU tha y^irJ of the dofandaut 
^« taw tho <io« «b4 start «<t to r>Mi that tha dog Jiife*ij«>dt on his hatik, 
knecktd hl« down an^ aoratciied hl» ftto* with his psari that h* 



4r 



^^Hia0%i-: 



.i".t: 



, .<^f>f«-- 



■tti^m^"- 






;tk»»t* 



t*} #!» 



v'm? JC« 



It l8 ©ont«K.?ed Isy c«ttt«»«l fos- th« deferidruit th»t th« 
dfttc oi' tnls oQaurrecoe wtts u&t lu liiSSt^ but 1» 3Ll«^I. 

Th» dl«t«flfl«i:»t on'«r«d t© Siiow fey tefi 9itK««s«« that ''h« 
4ot did n«t. have a vicious dlaj^oMition,, hut th.ai he w«,M a g«Ktl«, 
playful Sfifi. 

Id rft«[ftr^ to thn i@s{»uc$ ef fitot ti&xi&ttrninQ the Injuriw 
•u«t«lnftd ^y th« plaintifi't wa do nol tiiink tlmt it ie noeta^aTy to 
•tatt the «vid«i4e«. ^« naed oisiy to 8*iy that irs our opinion, ac- 
•srding te tha prapoa-leraao® of t.ne wvidajtioo, Uaa in.1uri«B «kr« nat 
•ttfflclfMit t« Jiiatlfy tiie aaieant of dawauta »«f»rfi«<i by th« jury, 

Caun»9l fnr th«- ^af«n'!fmt Kslmtalu that th« varilct 
of th# jury fln'tiajR taa <lafen4a»t guilty ef n©giig««nee ia atawifeatly 
a(ain»t tU« v^ight «f th« «vi4«»o«s VaslZ the ver<tiftt in»!ll®at«>« 
faaslon im»4 ]p»r«,1u4 lea, Th® |iiir«i>o«-i«p«ino» sf th«; #v.t-ti*?nc«!, aenord* 
iag tc <;auis««l for th« iafeKdant, clear! v »h9m» tliat ttai« plaintiff 
ant«r«d tha livitij^ rooi» of tht flaf«o4s«it *s aattat« anjannouBoadi; 
that la to <)oiiJi^;^ she f^U?<l ta axeraiaa x;ie eaora ai'ul om^tle.!^ of as 
ardlQAXily prudant iparaon; a^d that ^illr ci«glli»-ai}«« %»e tlHe ^roxisiata 
«au«« of tha att^kajc by tba dog. 

Aafuninu for tha sak« af arguii&«M:tt tam the ait!«.ck oc- 
•tirrad at this ijl i«a «a4 in the an&mint oont«ad«4 f«»r ]»y counsel far 
tht dafaudiant, lit erdar to ,5tt»tify tha e©HclitiBio» that th« plaintiff 
»a« guilty or eontriljutary a«giig«ii«a. tha pranowdararsea of tha avft- 
4tnoa Ru«t tho» that th« plaintiff kaww, or at Iwaot hi^ r^aaon to 
btli<»v«^ that the ieg nr^n a vlei'i«« 'log with a prop«n»ity to felta 
•tran^wa. Ohloaieo ft AI.ton H. :^> C<?t ,^ ., Klalfkti«te . l»7 111. 304, 309, 
In our vlaw th« pranon'l^ranoa of the OTliaKca 1e*« not eo ahotr. 

fwrth»rr.iit)r», we <!« not think Vi»'t wa woul-i b« warYantsd 
in hcHlBi? that a flK««ifsg by tha Jury that tJ»a attaoJc aecMrre« at 
*ht plaoo an.l in tha aannar to»tifl«fl to "by pl&lnUi'f vcuia ha m«ai- 



,, - :,:i^i«iOIS:»J^*> ftt*©*;;' :-OiJ hU:> tjitei- 

.■.■ U??,. S^r.v' V' " " •• ' - . ;t>^(^.v:j..vv-.'.-, it; j iljj'ose.i; •• " "^'tjETiS 

<fj» J^^tST ■-:■ ■.!.r..ii:iff^^ ' ■-'' ''■->"■»■■ 

^ r ■? 

■:■:•.■» tt'»;'ki;X'5li'3.a fiftiijrf'l^Jiie:. 
■^■!4««*r*.ft«*o« 



rii9i la th» te«tl3»ony, it i»? txu«. The twa y&T»ii>n«i ©f th# ««- 
eurr^nee -.to lrry®ooRoll«'bl». th» jury, tiier«jJ"©r© » wer* ooa#ell«<l 
to 4l«el<l« « (SjUffttlon of veracity; surxl *tt tes th® lao^t iai».«;rta«i 

faBetlen of tht jwry am^ tli#lr p»-0ttll t*r provir/<2«» tw d';tara»is«' th« 
truth «f th© e«5,»«,* Pea^3 a v> So«oh«^r. SC^S 111. S75', '^«Sf>. 

0tu«<»«l for the <!0.f«»4fef«t f\%Tthmr a&jntfuni that th« 
|ir«i>on'f!*yanee of th« ©vldwrie© 'let©*! not »«tablli!Si the fasat that tb« 
-log h%A ft ^loloue 'llJi^OfsHlon. t'fl r!?? n«>t agrew with coi»bs«1 !» 
t)i«lr iBt'«T«r«tatloR 03' tae «vlfJ«iio«. 

Coimsd:^ fof th« tj«f»»i3,d,fmt )»aiijt«ii4ri m\ th«* mitfeorlty 

III* Aftpt 3i5, that th« trijil oouft ®ri,-«<l iri r»fu«l»g to alX«w tJMi 
4«f*r-.'<nu5t ta lutroflHO*! ©▼l<^«net to sj^t^-w' that ttm d®ss wisi* aot 
•Tlei->Mfl, but wats gentX^j Btfii! ultJijful, W« d© Jiot thin^ thskt 'the 
Mtthorlti9« T»ll^<! on hy oo«n««l suTjoert t>i®lr coiittnttojri, Ik th« 

**»* o^ ^nr. V. Mollii»nb^?t<^k,^,^fi4T|xa» the murl ®©id |p. 



"If cwaclttsiv* i»ro£5f w^sr* taa^e ©f ti« ©r©]peMslty ©I' a. d®g 

th« tjaft ©r th# ewrsar. It ^-onl-^ l&« iiieo»ftp»#teKt te ateoi? t.'jat ftt 
■daa other tlis« th« f^.©g was ^ui«t An4 !U4 net »twjlf©«t a ifead 
4l8i-'Q9itlon,*** t^At «^aK not th.?? «»«« tei ■«>?«, ** The ^fftTn la 
thiei ceiMe wpi~«» to ?>r<>v«? tb© ttnlf?>rjr; goa;*. •Mfinossltlon of tha (Sog 
an-^ HIr fr#«<lea froia '•my (U»>ofsltloK, t© ifeltp or sftttaok saanirind 
or any Ticlfju* flrooenslty,* 

i'« are of th« opIwioB that in the ea*"* *.t l3?ur tfe« ««iri- 

ilNi«« «onel.«stvel.y sH^vrrt thut tJne A^u ha4 a |iro9<&nalty tft attaek 

'*n tJs« cjtee of ^iitti&altwjrM. ▼, Wa^#x-^ ".''^'P^'f ' ^^* ©©ttrl 
l»«id (?. 31,8) th,»t tii« defensJant *hAd tu« rttjat to prove, ofi thi^ 
ftueot to/i gf yhetaqf^ fei* h^ notle» of the fieg'ii 41 ftp© alt Ion or |»r«»- 
>«&»liy tc run out und soinay pa«sers-l)y, thta jprevlousi tmlfom «©«(* 
l»«imvlor of ihf dog in th»t r«Bpeot, sm<t hie pQacoabl© ftj.d qiuiet 
*l«ponltlon,* In th« «ase %.l Ijajp tJi« 4nrid«»«f<P eon sine lYtly aho*© 






■'t iPtl' 



^5^^ .;i2timJ:M:. 



ti^titt- 



»i.ii .<Sf«ij& ■,*-'^'y 



that. th« ^•f*n-**nt had kBowln^"* *jf th* ■»l«l?an« ''<. Bnofittloa nf th« 
dog, Ho .n*»t nnly lsn«w of the two nrevHus vtttvi-fi-Jc»» of th-*? -iiif en 
kr«. !ly;f» ajifl Mo-wfir^f larlilrt, but It 4r im4lB?iy(t0'1 t.h!,?*.t %h^ --^og vitt 
k«i(>t- for th« v«»iry js>«riu<j»i# of i>i*ot«©tini^ ihe def ^KitsKt *« rlf^. Oa 
"3tr«ct •WBilrJst loR ih<* *if«* ef thi* <l«X'eEtflaiii-4t wa® r-uskwrt this Cfuflittlon 
•W«r» ii-.^re irfiy tr»fe-)]^8 out thsre, or p«os>X« cf tnat rJiaracter aroiiiRii 
th« woe(j« ItJ tii« »»*g)i"boria©®d¥'' iih« aRBiir«f,»ii4» "Always^ ®nsi«*o«« tJP'iMSt:^* 
Ing tiaroxicG tiiftr*, hunting: mu\ fialitttg, Th«.r«£ is f4 trnttt. tttrtttm. 
in baoJc of J&y pl^eo, alw.j&js ®ctat«oa« or it,* Or. tsraaie f»xsyfilnatloB 
•)i« t«»tlfl«<l th«t «b« wtts left 0lnn«( a g]!*i»at ^^«ftl nrlr^ tbA doga 
irer» k«pt for h»r prot»«jti®)s, 

e»an»«i for th* ?!»f€n?tar4t r«rth#r atiiign wrnsr t» re- 
g*X>A t« tb« giving ftiiA r«f« j|(lni»; ©f 0«ir*,»li3 in'^tructiejiR. T>j« in» 
■truotleiit !*»▼• »©t Tsts'B »et out In th9 hricf, na is s-^ovilrefif. 

111, Ar>:'.. TMf 1^&, He^e'v^r^ 'w« hair© «S!i>r,lw'*^ «:h««fa, 

Th» flret in??trnntiof!i «s«5jR?>inln©'^ of ta r'*f-"»rr«><1 tc %8 
ir; struct ioB iio. i?. T1i*s Insttrnrttlftn, which "^aR i,;lv<*n «tt thp y#* 
«!u««t of th^ plHlntiJT, Is Rs fftllpsTt*: 

ec t;.e great uue^tor ol witi.eiae-tjB sworti oi'i oitaisr side oJ' th* 
qu0«tiofc In ii»pttt«, but it, ie yaur dnty »• ^\jrr*r? tc conwi-ier 
tllt^-.e I'.rt* «ujd yirc:5iaiBta«««» «py«sja"iju£ i.'jr©!a tii« «vi'.i©nc« in 

the rn« «i4« ©p tho other, iusn to *i<&tiarvaij(4* iro® Uiat smioh of 
th« witR«9s«8 ar« worthy ©f th^Sf arsaier t'r«'11tj f*n4 if y^u ^j«^- 
XittT* froii* frv» fivl.ii«*;!ye , unacr uao iii«»s.ru«ti«MiB of Uin eourt, 
»ft«x- conBi:'.6rlng all tij« ftiets 'Air.l olr«»».io»:t'»i'jae« '*•■>' pp-'Jurliij^ 
tTam the i?i»i1wic«, »u4 '. th«! nu»bi^r of wiiiyj«»»»»9 t^sttiiyliig qd 
th» r*»oft«tlve 5i.i»» oJ" t.hl« case, th.it ^h*) •wTl'i*?!!^*^ of the 
l««a«]r B«ab#r oi* witn«^»c» on tne ofi« «id« i« esora ersdibl* 
wr-rt trustworthy th»p th« «vj.'',er.c« of tli<* K *'«i<*'4'^r nt^iatt^r on the 
• th*r fliii«, th«n th? •▼t!f.?'is(j« pr«pca4trat*>B ©n wt<f »i/3» of th« 
lrfts«r m«:s^*»r of wltR«8»«t»,* 

Wt «r« of tho o|»lQiozi that If can «t •?«*•«>:; ^li -^ ctal-sa*** 
• f • wnlir*»rt»il rnlt of lem ia.vnli^,»\'l» to &X1 f**v«cff» tk* In^trTietion 
li •rror««ou«, aineo It mnkoR tTa* »^n't9tloK of the 'ir¥nnn^^^r«.ne«: of 
thi •viaoRoo dot»oB<ll tt|»«« tho question ^f tho er«tdi1rjllity of th« 



«* ti' 






,0,'^ ;. ;;=-E)5'i7<j'v 



.i.;ivi«\tt 



fSdJtJ: 



altt<ie mit only th«» •t«it*^«Rt» »f wltK«a««« ^ut also rt»fnj»M!tary 

•Ti4»ne«, hh^. r#«il or d«n«n»trttttv«s «vl!?«ne«. In th*?' aiftBfi at Ijiw, 

h»w«ir*r, the In struct ten *lo»9 not eon»titut« prtjtt'liiei&l ©rrer, ag 

ike <rrii«n4« eonsiete^ only of th« atftt<»£s«nta of witn«tt««. 7ti 

«th«r word*, th« InetruetiuR «?»• &i^|»lle&bl« te tlse r»©©r(!> in tht 

•«iS« at 'bar, th« ln»tr'.ietloK does n«i tf3ik« frosa *tli© Jurjr the ri|^t 

to i«oi<)« on w leH eld« tn« pre]^0B46r«u:ke«i r'^et^td," as QQimn»l for 

the d«f«fidaat co&t«i*di. It mf»T«ly @ta,tita,as » latatt^r of l%w« th« 

standard by '^i.leh tho jury Kay d«t»r!B.iB«B t,h<s ^f«p<)wderwi©« ©f th« 

tTldsjfioo In th<» o%s« at l;ar. 

th» nwxt in0tra€itloB ©"bj^cts;;^ to is 4«»l§;Katt<ii %s Is, 

15, Ths InstrtsotloB »a» fiv«i at Ihe r«qui»fflt ©f the pX^letiff, It 

is as follows t 

*The 90urt Instructs ths ^ury tJmt in law it is not n«««8- 
sary that, th* r)«f )t»r44a«t should fe« p'revftji to te* %h*^ ©vR«ir of ih« 
dog in question. If th« Jtiry ^©li'»v« fro® tb.^ rvidewot tlii*t 
•aid 4og was vie lows ^mr! ace«nto».«^ to lvit«> jssMxkind -Mid tisat th«* 
defendant Jeno^lng-ly h«*rb©r«4 a&i! »<»g tinon Ms? prtv;;i$«« kBO'»l»g 
said ^»g, to >j^ <5i' a vleioms naturo sjti'! ii.»w(^ t© attaok fend fcite 
■ankiad, finv< if ths jury furth«r b^lievn frotsi th« «v-;!jeno% that 
said dog <ii^ l%csr%t« ^n4 bit*? th© plaintiff's throat, ■br«»a«t«, 
ara ar.d 1«^», as set forth in her dec.li*rii*tl»n ifj.er#iri , ^a)-^ if tk* 
jury bftli^ire that the T>lf»^lntiff i»as in th<» ©x'jrois* of ■:?ue oare 
for hi^r 9vn aaf«ty, th«iR the 'ury shoul-1 find a v«r<Uct in f^ivor 
• f the plnlfstlff." 

Oomisel for the d«f ^iiiajat eoiste*i'i» that the iiiatruetioB 
is srreneous beoaues it faila lo Xiaiit ti>« <s»r« ?i«;5 estvstioB re- 
quired of the {plaintiff "to the tiaie and pXaoe in luwstlon.* 

We do not ti:iink that the omi»«is»n const ttuted prejudi- 
olsl error, as the instruetloiiR auet b« read as a series; afid la in* 
stritetioB **©. 18, glvea at the ren««st or the defendant, the jury 
explioltly vers told th»t the plaintifi" was required to exereise 
ordinary oare and caution for her own saf^jty •l»8««dla,t«ily prior to 
•ad at the tine of th« nllt(^«d attaek upon hnr by the said 



ikigfisM »^' 



fftfe^ma^i; 






»«?>*fi9J|fS 



1. i,2« ii-ii'. 



*»j9 






awtti; :> 



, m:>S: 



m '■ 






•.^^!^ l:»i**: 



':'t^ ^«iie<^. 



It 1(3 J"Tirth»r oontorijtd by ««ttneel for th« '»«ft«€wrjt 

th»t th« trial eeurt trr«4 in ,slvtRg, at th» r«que»t ©f tht pi&lw- 

tiff, tli« fallowint; instruotlftii, r«fttrr«d to as £»<>, IS: 

•*Ib arrlyiaii; at tii« f«.ot os' whsther ©r not fen« fUrn'miAmit 

it* a^iy, ^i'ftu will eonsiiJer «iXl oi' tici<» faots In tiri« oaao <- such as 
vhfltlier Vi* Amfttn-imit knirw ©f amy aet« upon the tjart of the ''og 
ttaikt vould in-ilott.t« to tiio d«if<5Ju;-HM;i th-^t th« dOK wouid bite if 
li« bad th« c*i»,i>c«, siioix as i&t te'>:ptlng to hi%«? sisiy p*?r9ori -jfltisiBut 
proTooatloa, "bit in;, ^%ny p#r»tm «ritfuout proiroeatloa, aK<S «ueh 
•iAllar &et«, if ariy, in proof on the paxt of ths dog whicii 
owa« uH'Ser th« ob»i»rv»tiio»» of tii® dai>n liauit," 

Courie«l I'or the defonSairit ooii.t9n4 ui^t thin In^trac* 
tioa «B«tw«e8 that thm ®h%rai.ets?r of tii« log wa« violouo; imi that 
th« qttiaifying 9hra8« *'lf ««y« a^plito only to the ol^iaso *>m4 
•tjah si«ili>%r aotOj** i«m«! not to th« «lsi,u«« '*%ht? riaionti AOte s *»el» 
fically n«Bef!,* "W* <io not tJilRk tHat th« (»>nt«ntionfSi a,r« eortetst. 
Th« 9Hrao« "If suay* i« liaad twico Ik the iBStmetion, once to 
qualify tho olatiso rt^rnrritii? to th« vtoioitt character oi" thti dog, 
and again, aecordlftt.: te a fair msiA, aot a hypftrorltloal (sonstruo- 
tioa, to qualify tho opooific ^oto »ontion«d« as ^^oll a« tho «Xaus«: 
"aod oiRil^ aoto.* 

Counaol for tn» def?sn'ia«t f«rtu«r soutstvl that tho 

ooart orro!3, in givln,^., tn« inot ruction T«f^TTM to ao :Mis?. SO. Tk« 

in«truotio« is ao follows: 

•You ar« inotruciod if, unaor th« t^viderxDO afid tn»true- 
tiono, you find a vtriict for tji« plaiatiff , you anall a<ss«!80 
h«r 'jaj&aij.os in «uch eusi r^a you aay belltrvfl will socipffBoate 
plaintiff, first, for hor physical ?m4 maMtal suffering, if smy, 
<^lr«ctly C&11S04 by her lajw3rl»?B; r>rovid«d euoh injurios jaur-it Tjo 
the 11 root r«»8ult of th« Voree mii\ triol«tn0« ©f tii# attack and 
strikinig by the ''eg; Rocond, if in.tiirle« vr«?r^> Gtv-a^eA upon 
plaintiff which ar<9 of a pcTEiariont eharaetor, tixen yen may award 
l»«r 4ana«;os s^eh as will reg^sona'bly o«>»4|K;m«»it« her for psr^mj^nt 
in jtiri OS. • 

Tho objttotlons to this iwstraotlorn iiro (l) that *thffro 

is as proof in th# o«s« of any aontal saff^rlnuj* ( S() that tho 

lostnjatlea "allows tho jury to epooulato upon tho suppeso<l porna* 

asat ehareotor of tho plaintiff's injurios;" a»ia ttiat the Aeolara- 

tlon 4o«s aot allogo^ mid the ovidftnoo do-^s not snow, that the 



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rf.-!*i 



.:JS(« tilt: 






*•«'*'«»»*«•«?■ V«^ -«*8»'S» *««ii»«»,^ns4':v» %*«fiB<t'.- 



^1 



10 



*• <Jo not thifj-k that t-;« oofitiAntlona ar« corr«et. 
Th« plaintiff totttifl**^ that, eJi«. ♦»• feltten on the n«ok, right 
breaat, right am aui! >;®th 1 «<!;«: that the >?it« ©n on© Iwg was to 
the \artt; that «ha ■»»• *'bl«e<11ng «.ll 6Y«r;* that ^h« wa« In a 
hospital for tavaral. we«k». In the oaae of ^ra ^t v«. P^v^„ ;gi. 2.S4 
III. SCX), the ootirt ee.14 (f», 309): •Some* f^ieta requiya no siHroset 
]»reof. * • ?h« Xtm inf«»r« ptalia M'»a aMfferlng freu p«»rs©n»l in- 
jury." 

It ha» bensu h«i(3 t.iiat the appJreuerssloH of .poiKo-s 
fron tha Isite of a dieg and tiato feasr hikI solleltuda @.a to 9t11 
raaialtc froa th« bit*, mr# proffar matters t© h^ ooKi»il<?ered iu 
aatiMating tiia daaa^aa for tufferiag. ao4a.«).^ i?. „^3.^ft,?^-> S^ '^t. 
S9l, PM, 885; In ra Tfag Ler^ T^nrli-!^ . 17 .Ferl. 265, ;';67. 

In r«i;!»r-l to tihs» Q>^»»tion of tJ^rsianftat ifijurlea the 
4ao1ar'atloi) ^o«« not sivar i« t^ntaa that sa:^y of tJi® ljraj^rl#« war* 
tanian«nt, but tha <ieol«%r«itlon ??o#8 allege fa«t» frosa w^iioh risaaen* 
ably it may b* inferred that thl» pl»iBiiff raignt tsc par&wiwtly 
Injure**. Suoh sll«g:»tlonB ««r* ««ffi0l«Kt, TJ!«» rale is that eyen 
if tha ^aelaratioa aarwly <1»aorib«a ttee injuri#a g«n«r»lly, Krlth- 
ottt pointing, out their aoriouftnaaa or p<9r<i«aii©r4«y, reeoTsry sa^y bo 
had to tha whole axtont of the injuria®. Spririg:<«^r v. Ufzimttz^ 
•08 in. 144, 14«: faat Chicafco iitraat K. K. Co. y. EcCalli^. 169 
III. 24€'. 243; iia^aa PHek ot Co., Y ,...B«fr iea. 9i Hi. S98, 6C3; 
Littla V, Paorla Bv^ Ca.. 3l» HI, Ap|». 385, 3S9, 380, Wurthar- 
■•ra, tha plaintiff t*atified[ «x?>r«»8ly that aha *coull not do 
•nythlng with har arm;" that "it l« neaarly atlff. " 

It i« e&ntandad by eettn^al for t^ie defonclAnt that «»« 
e««rt trrod in rafuaini^ to f^va an in^tmetlon rafarr«f^3 to aa £«. 
8. raquaotai by <1ef#.n4*nt. Tha instruction ij» at fellowa: 



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'fV?.&a»'l': 



•■?»fc«|:*ftt^ 



11 



*Th« eoturt tii»trw.ct» the jury tii»t 9f«Mi If yo^ bftli»Y« frtm 
th« •▼l^enM that tii« ;>l{i.lntirf w«i» iajurod a« «ill«^:«dt in h«r 

leeltkration or ©no of th«s visounts th<!»rec-i"; if you :rurth«»r fin*! 
from th« «vi«1«ne© and under tke liiwtructlone &f thft eowrt, umt 
in upproaeliinti {|»f«ii<J«iiit 's »j*«®i«ffl«, t)i« |jl«lritlff jTalle-i t© 
•xarolfte that iiegre*" oi" «ar« fw^ c^vHioK ■w/.leli m\ crdii:.i*rlly 
pru<i««t peraow woal=i htiV® «x®rsJi.s©fl uK/sar tiii?; «muti cortdlttont 
and surroun4l»g«, an^'. thml fmda ls».ok @3i.' orvrflii^Afy' ci^re »iijrid e^^^ti- 
tittn ( IX" any) ok 'b'sr part, ^sifas* the Fjroxtesat*' sj«.u9« el' the fiit- 
tAdk iBy <S«fetirtsujt ♦» dgg, ihrni you suhotild. fl«ti tiie 'S^fWidliMit 
net guilty." 

Wki tktnlt thi^t tke tTiAl court f>r9i&*?)riy r4?:i'vii3et'! te felv© 
thi» iii»tni<5tl©n. Th,*^ Instrvsetlatt oalt® tJi« i«?l«i»mt of kn«wl«ag« 
on the part of th« iil«ilBtiff of feiie iri«i©ttt «*ltST»e»ltt©rj ©f th« '^oi:. 

Th«r« lis 9 4t"»*r»lty »f ©ptnleM en tbffi ^««K8tloii wh«feh.«jp 
oentriTontory ntt^lig.'etnfic In its oy*tiri%ry meanln;^ Is ** go«a d«f«n®« in 
«r 'tot lea to r#*oov#r. 'i*Bi*ii:<:©» i"©r injuries B\»»talne<;l frow the attaek 

111, V*4, 3C^« (fitipr*); S A». t ^|£, ;3w«. of taw, t», .H72, { 2nd •«!.); 

a CyolopAjlia of iiw» aisci Froo«';^ure, t^i>, Sfifef, 3@1, the rule i» 

Xllinoia is ttatttd "by thm Supreme court In thtt ease 0f Chj,6i^>ffl^ ^ . 

Alto» j<. K. c;o, V. Lutt Jtkuok, «mi>ra.» &« follow* {pp, 30f , :^10): 

"it i» Tiin.iloulstiidly Ui« rul« in thtc at»t«i -fciistt if tb.«j p^arty 
Injured! h«« 't««n guilty of lELe«<il««!»ly plM.(iititi, iii&»^li' in tk^ w&j 

• f « vicious ^ots with k»owi#4fc» of its »roj»«!>j-*el ties, ©r has broufeiit 
th<» injury upon at»«©lf by tiia ©-wis cen.'tuet, or hin fitult ksts 
prexiibat«ly eottt.ribut'14 to tils injury, sueh fnatB ^111 coBStitute 

• good dofirise. This ■itf *hs<!!, h0-*ev«r, t!.#»,j«!id8 upt'>n feyi©wi,«>.-!ge, 
•ad it ie only fkftnr notice that tiit* public ar® r^?i»,iir«<< to feo 

•n tholr ».:uR.ri to aroi^ injury. It is z»ot »«ice«aary i'at a rjlain- 
tiff to mrtfT anri pro"v« th« oxercia® of aar*? ««*(! caution for his 
•wn i^rotoetion, but it i» Bi«tt«r of <l«fftnfe«,* 

W« ar« of th« opinion that i|3Gi)0 ^©ulil 1&# « fair oo»- 

Yoasfttlwi for th« ijlalnti ff. If *itHi» %m *»ya from t.h<i filing; of 

this eiPinioa tho olainti ff ^ill rdsmtt |13CJC% *« will mffirm tlj.« 

jKcaont; ethsrvis* tho ju^lgmont vill be rt»T«r«#fi an'! tJ»« o»us« 

ysuBdoi. 



'•••'•ly* i*. J^. , and i'atehott, J,, concur. 






rf??^ .r;^- . ... . :-' .:^ ■ , ■ ,_^, 






I 

t 

i 

n 



140 - 31f70 






1 






f^ ^ ^ X G^ O ^ 

i«. ^?iTi€iis ^:^i^TOjj im..ivmicB THIS t^fiimm m ?»k cowit. 

Tfe4» i» A nfrit of 'dtTi&Y j^roa»eut«sd by An4rlzi« l^ikoltlia, 
th« <!«f«n4»nt, tft r«v«r»« a .1tt*i.';;B««t toy c««ii*e»«i0B, Qbiaijn«d a^sUnst 
him in the i'>2nteiT)ftl ecart ol' Chicago hy tha fMe-Tvlehell Cott|»iu3y» 
ih« oX s In t J rf. 

th«i nlmlntlff «j<*, the 4«I*«Rd«jrjt In rsgaril to feh* »ur«!h'-i,»» of «, 
oi«ne Vy th« i^af^Rffant fro»* the platntlff, A note wwi {!3coeut«<l 
by th« defen/ljwr.t pay^bl^ to th» piaiutiff. fha «Mglf««Bifl«t proTidM 
that "th* title, ovr!«r»iilp or rl^iht oi" posaauBion of the ,Dr©j»«rty 
aautlonM" anould reiti.»ln la tl'i« pfKysQ. or tia« huWttx ©i" the niot« 
until tht nott was fully paid. 

th« judgn^et by corif«««i»B was «iiterttd oia April 24, 
1»«5. Ob lit*y 12, 1925, tfi« defwiaaant Was a«rvtd p®r«cmally with 
an •xffoutlen. On kay 29, 19Sfi, th« a«r«nd«ant m^^ta a saatioix, s«p- 
yert«4 by his affidavit, to vAcai© tiia ,1wdi;;Bseiit. On th® hearing 
•f tba aotloa, thu trial oaurt <l«iilert it. 

In hi« affidaTlt tha def «n.iai. f: etatad taat tii« first 
lai««l«<!^a that hf lift4 ©f tha 4u4«»ant wa« on Sfay IS. l§35i; that by 
raaapu of tha f«i.et« that th« fU«a In tha oaa* ^ara loot «i^ that ■ 
th# oaaa was nuieV«ra<! en tha exaoution a« l^o. l77S78e, Instead of 
*». 17794IM, th« orurt »tj«b»r, h» «n'1 hit attorney war# Aftlay«4 in 
ftttlng an aT>nortv}nity to »xar tna tha flla*: that he hua a g?^o<J 
Mi Rtrltorlfrtts 4af«ciaa to tha whola ©i tha plaintiff •« daisand. 



i 3-i.f S^I'c-iS . 






ti^wr"*'* t-n* 't^iH' 



tr.. 



ra.»««f.«< 






tm% i ' 



:-t-wiM»a»"j- 



J|», ;*»t^Ifl 



mntTm «*-■' 



'iO iMMftiS*'' 



(»» <^#.<i'-«#4« 



I'ii'^a^^ii; h»«ijr 






■fht •u'b»t!«ac« of the A«f«*if!%nt *• de-J'tnat, n« wtat**! to his »ffl<8»- 
▼It, i« that tis« plaintiff 'firt not -J^-llTttr t© ta« (4«f«jujftnt tht 
piano that tha dafaa^turit a«$l«^at«<), «jrii^ tUat tha i^laintltT mgr«n^ 
ta -Jalivar, kat that tha plaiatiff ^afiYtx-td t© the 4«rii?B(5,iwBt 
&^oth«r Dia&a which waa ©f im liBf«"t'l«r <m^ «h«a^er gra.<S«; that a* 
•a«n <?!« tha <««kftB"iant llaas^varadi tJaat tha flalmtii'f hi^d fftll*!! t® 
4aliv«r tha i>1wj© a«:re«d upf&tt, th^ «««f«p^s,Rt i?!stlfi«'!l tha T>3.«lKtiff 
!»■•<$ tataly that In*- W0ttl.«< net «ap.*»?9t tfea ^iario th^t waa ^-faXlvarad 
ana raquaatflu! tha plmintiff ta tutkf- taa ^lavic» baak; tkiat thft 
plaintiff rafttaa^ to taka 'fetak the piano. 

Wa »r« af th,a opinion toa-t. tka tyial eourt arra*! in 
danyinf tlia mat ion of tha dafeiJ^aRt t® vae^t^ th« J«'Ja««"*t, 

Soysrisal far tlje pi a la tiff eaateB^s that; Ux© si.«>tiofi 
propftrly waa dajaiad for tn« following raaaoas: (1) thwt aeetion 
21 of tha Municipal Cawart Act ppovliiaa th*t ft slot Ion t© vri«at« a 
JU'^.t^ant aball ba aafla witiiil» tiilrty 4«3f» .%ft«r ttoa ajstry of 
jtadfijacnti ati't that t^« «i.atla» af i^ta «laf«jti^^i!Wt wma not miMla until 
thirty-fiva d«^a aft«»r ttoe awtry of the jud«s»«ritj ( .«?) thsit tfci«» da- 
fanrtant ha« not a.ha'wii dltja 4l"ii|?«Koa in maJtia^sr htis inotlon; (5) that 
tha affidavit 4o«a Rot dtnta a Rarltarioua 4«f«mse Irs that tha 
affHavit <!a«9 nat aha* that "tha r>inxio vaa rattiraea* to tha ,-«!«- 
fan.lant; ana that A.^ttmAtrnt ■eaniiat r«t«irj tha i^iarao ■■;'m'1 at tha 
aaiaa tin* aaaana Dsyinjs for it." 

In our oulrsion ali os" t^Jiaae e»nteRii?>W!!! are unsound. 

Aa wa conatma aaation ai ©f tha Jkuniol?>«l C«»t»,rt iiat, 
it 4aaa r.at Apply te 4u<lit^i»««ta Antarad by eenf^aslon un-lar a powar 
•f atternay ar aoHQOTlt irt tha al)»«naa ©f the t!«f«wn?,a/it. It haa 
^t«n hali axolioltly that tiie proviaieo af tha Praetiea Aet a,llow- 
Ug .laignanta ta ba aat aai4« •duriiifi it* tana* haa no ai»5>liffatiaB 
ta jtt^jjaienta «mtarad undar a po^star of attomay or oognevlt in tha 
abK«noa of tka dafatidarit, Wym^ -y. Yao»aia«,^ S4 Ul, 4C5, 407; 



-^iSi/-?- '■^;^lMt»'lt»5 



:^tf'l&h ■ ..ii^ 



.-.„ .A.' « «,',, ^T.u.i t,-- i «« I,- ■■■*'■■ 






.'ihtpklttlfi- 






Iffy y Y. Aloeot: . & Hi, Apo, 451, 454, My swsaogy »?« tj-ilrsk that 
••otlen ?1 of me i>ataicip«a Court A«it aktmlil )»« niMilajrly «4»a'» 
•trH«4* 

th« elreoastarjctt Ifi fillnr hi* asoti^ii lo viioatt* th« ,f«ti;^:s!i»iit, 
111* Kdtlon *•• t*iX*4 •»■»«?! t««0.i Amy « aft«r th.m «l«i>jr3;4Rn,t ha<S 
kJ0»wl«4g« of %h* J»dlfaB«Kt; ats'^ the dafwiifei^t h1>. «g«»8 in hie ttf fl- 
it avlt that h« wa* del»:r«4 1b fUiag th« Matioa b^ re<*»on ef tht 
in«orT«et ntt8»>«i?r on t,h<» 9x»©nti©)n. f?jrth«f?eaor«. It •:^o«!« Bot 
ftf|i«*r t;.»t th« rlsihtw ef the pijair?tiff hav** lfck»»«»ip pire^M.lio*'! In any 
way. * 

*» <<o not thlak tjnat tliii affl^^arit 0f th*. d*f«m.'!ftrt is 
d<»f»etlvo In not al3i«glBs.-; that t,H*^ ?)iiiWB© •wast 3P»torr.ffl4 to the ^X&in- 
tiff. Vhn rul« Is well «'«t*i"bll»J-iefi %tmt twaiose othfryfi.e& i?4fr«^(8 , 
H'hcrt good* *re 4«llv«r««'i? to ttie liuyair m^ ] Im refxs«*i!' tp aeee-pt 
th«B, hnYlng th« rlfc-M ao tc «Je, ha ta not fcr«r.d to ret«rr» thiw 
to tht «*ll«r, feut it i« Bufflolent if h« notifi*»» ttje ««il*»r that 
h* r«fun«e to aaeeT>t. th#ffl. S UllIlttoR en e»l»«, »sct.t©M9 496, 497, 
Pf. 1298, late, (aad •«,) Xo iij> »»»)® tJTaet !» ^rlwolpl* arf tht 
f»ll«iriB|; ei!,s«8: Conn «"r j_^^ B® rl a^i '^ -0ir arir:: 1 1 ..Ct? , . r^4 III. S-B, 62; 
fcAtfWflf4 V, w^if, l:n 111. 425, 441; J&(|»njs ^v.,, ,|hic^%^. 79 ill. iSl, 
1st* Th« a»»r«.frtK tc th# <»«f «n.il,&Kt *B %fri4!&Ylt coicr^ly with this 

I* T*y*^T9it€ nn^ the oaiue* r«JS!3irs^»<l. 



'#.ty tifa ;Vi 



•'yf 



14 ^- 31270 



WASE-TWICHSLL COiSPAKY, ) 

<« Corporation, ) 

Defendant in iSrror, ) 

▼•. i 

ANDRBSS JANKOITIS, ) 

Plaintiff in I^^ror. ) 



SRROR TO MTIKICIPAL COURT 
OJi' CHIUAaO. 






S-fflPPLSMSl^TAI. OPIHIOH BY MR. JtJSTIClS JOH^SlOJSf. 



On petition for rehearing counsel for tAs plaintiff 
Maintains that tlie court Siitappr eh ended, the contention of tho 
plaintiff In regard to the power of the Muniei|>al oourt to vacate 
9. ju'^!5Bent by corfeaaion sfter thirty day* have expired from the 
date cf the fntry of the judgawnt; that tlifi -precise ooiit^ntion of 
the plaintiff was not that ' the Municipal court di* not hare such 
po^er, hut that the power ooul'* only he exercised when a petition 
is filed under eection 12 of the Muriicipal Court Aot setting forth 
tufficient ground*; that in the case at hax the defendant di'l not 
file a oetition, hut filed a wctlon supported ty an affidavit, and 
that therefore the Municipal court had no poster to aot un-lar section 
21. 

W« do not agree with the coiitention of cctmH^l for the 
plaintiff that the motion of the defendant, supported lay aii affi- 
davit, WR«! not the proper method hy whic ". to present the grounds 
for relief provided for In geetion 21 » 

rn,jfch:e case of .'^..arrlB. y. Chicago House 'Wrecking: Co., . 
"^14 111, 505, 506, under section 89 of the Practice Act, Which is 
•imilflkr to eection 21 of the Municipal Court Act, it was held that 
wi affidavit 'Without a seoarate foT^al inotiori was sufficient. By 
•nalogy we think that in thr case at har the notion sunported hy 
the affidavit constituted a suhstantial compliance with the pro- 



OVSXS -'^ ^1 






to r^^vf :,-.' ■ ■ • 

noi r ^^i vXiXft foXtfiSS) •xwwo ■ , ■ 






Tisiens of ««otlon 31. 

CoTinsel for th* plaintiff further ooiitend th,a.t th.s 

•pinion of thi8 court should tie modified oo ae to read a® foli^wt: 

"•jS'or the r^tasoBS stated, Ipave aheuifl he giTeti to tht* -ie- 
fendant ts plea?*, to th« 3i,erlt«, the ,j«'tj5!»^nt in th® naeantlaie to 
•taad »• security until the aei'its of the case ar«5 h^sjc-d and 
detenuined, , The jud/Taent of th« eourt b«l©w is r«verse<i sotid 
the cause Is rmaajided i'oi further proeeedings in ticoordwice 
with the views h«reln expreBaed. * 

We ^0 not think that the eonteritioc te eorreet. The 

writ of error ij. thfl ease at fear wa-s |>roi»eeuted to r«Yer»e whe order 
•f the trial oourt, ^hie/v denied the motion of the defaiidaut to 
Tsoate the judgra«nt entered by aonfeseion. We are of the opinion 
that the motion ehould have been adlowedl. It follows taat the 
order, or as we tenn©<3 it in t:i<? 0vigin%l opinion, the JadtiKeut of 
the trial court, should be reversed a^id the aauss reiaarided. 






mi... 



M«ft to eaoJtal 



■<:H*t,:,»# 4>i ■.'.tif 



3d* 



;»M 



85 - 31178 



oy iixiBoin, 

ALLIX fBSSOi . 

FlalKtiJT In Srror, 



] 



!»• JUatICK MitTCHSTT l>saulVKH»0 TBJE QPXUIOB OF T«l GOyHT. 

Pl&lnelfi' In arror }3i%irin<.^ be«n itrrAl^od 3»l«»^<rd set 
guilty »n4 wfti triad upon the flrfft cownt of suj in^ictfianrst ohiwjjinjg; 
that oa March l/J, 19^4, "lia ^a^ apoii o«o l^^ubtn Tyl^sr, in thm »«et 
• f th« •aid Pff»?l» df th« Sts.i«> ef Illinois, thisfi ^ftn<!l thnr* 1»«>lng 
f^lBRlouttly, u»l!«*fttlly aw' mwlialoutly, =^l^ «lth » e»rtmln rw- 
Tclv«r, «ai4 r«iraXirtr th«a s«tr1 th«r«i \t'*inf, » a.-arigerf-ws aRf? d««*!ly 
wtapoB, ttt»Jf« «% tt«<!ia\jlt with ar. Ijatwit th» «al<S ?i«»ttV«H Tyl«y, th«n 
•B<1 th«r« iiKl)K»rully, feloniously «n«l wltlj ?5«ai©« »ffir«!!thf«\t,cht , t© 
kill ?ir.;< aBur^lsr, aontrfary t© tii« «tftt«it«, stc," 

1H« »1wry r«turr!#4 t.h# jTolIoirlng "rerdiet: 

•*•» ti'it .fury, flfnil lie, 4«f '^udafit , Alii^ ^^esaon, guilty of 
•tatA'ilt with ft 4«adly weapon, in laaiirter stfid 3'orfti, ia« t;j;t*i-,g.:jd in 
tha iB^iot:^:>»nt« And wa l"»rt:i«r J'lJ; ! J'roe the rvl'-wjca that tha 
aalA 'l.af «ifjd*M2 1, Alii* Watsoii, i« ng* ftbout ti-ia »:,;.« of twenty- 
«i«« y<?ttra, " 

ketleritt for a nav trial ;^td in arrtsat of Ju-lfetaist vara 

aTar-midd »«i4 ^tt!»j.s»«rit astorad thut: 

•It ia oonal^aradl, ordarad mii mA^hi'immd \>y tha Court , that 
tha aai'i 4al>f-^«iiit, Allla lEaaaon, i« ts«iity of tiif* aai'^? orisse of 
•■ aaaatxlt with '* d<?'»^■^ly i»«»H!>on, inatmB***} t or other tiil«g, witii 
intact to inflict upon th« p«»raatt of »nothar, a bodily injury, 
»hara no ncnal ■'arnlla provacs^-tioa a^i»aftra, nxa^ 'wh«r« the cir- 
•unat«neaa oi' tka aasault o.r*ew lUi a.bstt^.'.?OBa?t >MSff sj^illj^^ijiiflt h«ftrt, 
•pan tha in'^iatraut In thla ctkuaa, on aaid v«rdiot of g-wilty. >** 

Plfttntlff in arror ira» than tal^t•rte#'1 Icy tha eeart to 
tka Houae of CorraetioR Tnr t>".<» t«r« of ««• yr<ar jmsoJ flnfsd i>lP-;;'. To 
raT*rao thftt Ju'ijiaaj^t hv h-ia 9i,i«»i rut this writ of ^rror, njion tha 
trial tha 3tato*8 Attomay n*et«jr! le vtaxiA upon tha first of tbrao 
••wtta in tha ln4loi?«».t, and plaintiff in error oontaw-iie that thli 






■itn-v%'kp^ 



■>j***f<f*''' 






t«d to lui ftoquittal el' the d«f«ndant pn the other eounts, ^iid 
that the Tardlet Is not r««t»onaiTe to the flret eount and tiieafei'ore 
trill net eupi»ert the ju^f^ent entered. 

The eTi^enee tended to ehew thmt the alleged eeeeult 
wee Biede »t 1504 t. B7th etreet in the eity ef Chieage, at the 
eomer ei* Lake ^ark arenue, en Mareh 13, 1984, a little after \ 
eight e'oloelr In the aoTntngi that the |»ro9«o«tinff witKeee, Tyler|* ^ 
went to that plaee at that time for the Tstin^oee ef eeeing a Br, \ 
Oeorsae; that the Ooetor w«e not in when Tyler flret went there; 
that he, Tyler, waa readiBt * iiewepaper In the etainray, the 
efftee door telae lociced; that plaintiff in «rv9r^ waile the 
fxeeeeutlBg witneee wae readlnft a newepaper, came towardo hin with 
a gxm in hie hmd», arid as he. Wesson, got to the stairway, said, 
•I will kill you,* w^ilrled around end as he whirled eoaaeneed 
sheotiiig at lylarj that one bullet etmeic Tyler in the baok of the 
seek. 

Prior to this tlae, Tyler and a brother had a flat 
together, an^ the defendant roomed with them froia 1922 until about 
Mareh 15th, 1924, - Juat thre^ days before the shooting. Both 
Tyler and defendant worked in the peetoffioe, and the aat in 
»hloh they llyed was at 4454 QaluBet avenue. At that time Wesson 
hal been aocueed by Tyler of having had iaproper relations with hie 
(Tyler's) wife, and Tyler says that he wished to send his wife to 
hsr hoae m Oklahoma City, and asked "«es««, to get $69 or *75 for 
that purpose, nn^ he say. lesson a.jreed to do this, and that he, 
^>1«, told ire.son to ..Ive the .-^.ney to her; that he. Tyler, didn't 
••nt it. After thl, conversation and or. the same day Wesson moved 
-t *^e Ud not «ive ^ »aney to either Tyler or Tyler's wif. 

Plaintiff i„ «pror ad,.lte that Tyler aocused him at 
r time i. ,,„,,,, ^^^^^^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ 

! 1*^ and that his wif. Had ..d. a .enfessien t. him. «, 






,?Xi.**i «(■?}& J{*5j, 



■»"fct> f \,- 



* / - ;: ^* 1. 



!;■•■■ ■■■■' 4 \.'^- ■'■ 



•^:.VM»iii«;*t'.v :•'*«*'«#« 



vi^^'M^ ,«/dUi«''^ •^n.jk^ i^ %»tn$tti 






lh&% ir h«, ^••«o«, dia no% fclvt 5?yl«3P ^ISO by two ©♦slocJc, h« 
*A» goln^ to kill hlai, andl xl%at ii« »ald, *IJ' you tiUnlt you flan't, 
tell »# now. I will kill yeu nowj" t*iat thtjr© w^a ns>ti.;d«g lor hla 
to <lo but eonswjt, whlen h« 41f1, H« say^? th»t tylw aak®<| fei« not 
to nsoroj thttt h^ ll-fn't want anyl>'.i!4y to know »iiythi»g about It. 
^t that oa SifctuT^ay Momtnj? h<* t^ll tyl«r thti.t n« w%b gc^iug to 
l^y^v* thnt tH* »cot.j««tio» wa« ^ l,t«. Ho ««iy» ii# wfii» afrs^ii, ftn4 
*l'»B»t know wliat to ■loj tHat li* «©ns5«lt«'J a lawyer, ^.p, WpofbyorHjfg^ 
•Ri! took tt l*:iv« of abft-jKco fyop; t.?>*?. »©«t©rfie« for %nn €ay»« 

••9*ult ho woi'.t to the ?>l?i.e« In quemtH&n t© ooo 5r, iioygas, who 
kAd i»««n hio doctor r&r throw or four y*>araj that '^hm li« ^ot tVi^rt 
h^ o&w Tyler stftrdln^: with hl«i feaok oror «i^«,te«t, tfa« w%ll; that 
Tyl^r took dotm ht« J5«w»n5!i,vj#r «id gav# hl^ "»«& dirty look^ awdt s&lfl, 
•Wosnon, rhot .ll«i J tell yoii to d©Y w«»»on, ^hstt i!i4 I toll you to 
«©?• that pl«iiatiri' tK error ropll*si:l liJsMat li« was not Votii«3rin«, 
Tyloy ond t«l« .liim to go aw«iy ^^4 X>9% him ml^ti9i %,h*t Tylor B«i4 
ho woo not folHft ttnjjrwhi-roi that h^ e«::« t» ooe ta® do etc r; that 
Tylor thon e«a,e back an<t otskxt^d 4o«n fe]a» ist*trii, a,R*? b«for» he 
0O0004 w)i«r# !»X«lntlt*.r Irs «*rr<jr ^mn etw^!^Hi«, h«» »«it hi® hnn^ in 
hit rlfht-hand ovsreoat T>OGi«it aR.1 <5l%l«tlff lirj >ypor wjilrlod nm4 
flTo4 Into th» coiitng; that h« n»*»'l th* gu« Qt.ly ^itix thm intoia- 
tlon of protootlng ht,w««lf frem b&Tjs, .wii tH»t het c«%»i«^-1 firing 
^foro h« hid «»xhoiiot«d tH» ohoto In th# gun. 

Th« tontlssony of Tyl«r Ho soi^roborntod by otJbi«r *it« 
»••••• produeoi! by tho State; that ©jr »iaintiff iw ^rror by ot^or 
witn«.eoo ^0 toitlfiod In Ulo ba.-eaf. 

n*4otifl' la oriror, by lila rociueot^fl in«trjoti«n i.P. 6, 
Mfcod tho court to toll tiio j«ry •th^it m ao.ftult with lnto«t to 
jkUl M«y bo loflno^ o« Mi stteaD^t umd^ by oao upon tho llr* of 
f«^«i«» wKior oaaH elre.«a«t*aoot thot, If tho attos^pt »o lando eheuld 
^••idt in tho do»th of tho „or«o« oooaulfd. tho »orooi» oom4ttln« 



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: «?i»ittr^n<i -^aJto 






• eecvlotlen wnder tuch » charge, th« proef of Buoh fatrts isaut %e 
»«<!« to the «xelu»ioM of ovory rcftwe.na'blft doabt In the asin'is of the 
Jury, oth«rwl«« you »tt»t at^ult of th«i.t ciinyge. 7h% -spireuinatancft* 
a.tt«B>iAnt upoti a hoaicldo asjr ^<^ such th»t thtt uet i« n«ithi»r 
Juotiflablo nor oacouenblo mi4 »U11 oot %^ .murdort th»t Its, It m^ 
h«T«) boon undor ttieh ^ro'^roemtioii »x^^ h^&% &f ';»&fifi.ioi} th.j».t t^e kill* 
lug oiaoyntod only to sia2i«:iaufeJ:)t«x', If Uis (2ircti&3t«auo«» ar« suo^ 
that If doath «8«i««d tlj« kiXll»s vottld only Is® ssL^nolatugiiitr, tho 
ftttAJ.lant, If i«>'^tk 'IM not <m9>4«« Qumk-^ n&i t^ ^^uiXty of ^jei »B»i%ult 
with Intent to teurdor.* th«» oourt <1i!l not ^^It© t.h« in««trtiotlo« 
•saotZy %e reqrj*r«t<»fl, l»wt tt4<S«<S tH«r©to tuis at»*t«aa^nts *B«t tne 
Aofwn^Mit «my. If t>ro'««r> guilty fe«yr>iid. a rwaanism^l^ doubt, tjo fotmA' 
fwllty of «n asi^milt, with % {tt«f11y wwianoB with Intent to tniTilot a 
l»«illy In.fwry, * 

At the Tff%n«fit of th« Statt thu ett«rt,ml8© lR8tnJct«i8 
tho jury I «• * »».tt«r ©f Ikaw, "tfej&t aB %taavjilt with a deadly T^ftftt*©!^, 
lii»truB#r.t or <»tb«r thin(<^., with w li5it<i«t te iKfllet on the p«reoa 

• f anothox* a bo^Slly injury, v(t»«»r« no ooMaldetrmble provooatiott ap- 
9«ara, or wh«r« t.h# olrainii&et?ikr;o<sa of tln^ aaaauXt alio-r !« 'Aajifionodi 
or aiallenatit heart, ohall BubJ«ot the offoaiup to a fin© not ox- 
to«diAg on* t»vo«»iaD4 dollars nor Iwsa than tWBi:^ ty-f irft delliyre* or 
lufrlBonuftut Ik tli* ootanty j^dl for a porlo^l aot exo«e<3ini> on« year, 
•r both. In «iltor*tioB of tan court,* 

Plaintiff in orror eamootly oontwtitlo tJi&t In giving 
thio Ifiatruetlon aa'? in modilfyiag dofondant •« reK}u«»tftd Inatruation 
■•. B, th«» oourt orrfj-l, Voc^woe tho Stat« «l«et0d to pr©o««d wndop 
tho flrat count, *fcloh ohargoA an aaoault witU th« intontloa to 
kill an-^ mtir^ar, which In of foot anoiint«'l to an aoQuittal on tho 
••••n*^ and third oowitt, whloh ehar«:«4 nooault with a dani^«roti» 
and daa-lly weapon, under oiro^jisatanooo ohowin^ «n abanlonod and 
■ttlgnar.t heart, *lth In ton Hon to iBfllct a bodily Injwry, 






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rift'T'?-!. '-^ ' Jcsv : :,.;■« ,^ti:i':!it .7v'ir?-jl. 






"but «rsu«a tiaat pltLlntllT in error r%8 not lnJu*'«A ta«>r«by< It 
<!••• not att«r»i»t to acwwer th* eont«»tlnn of fulniintllT im «?Tr©r 
th»t tb*! cotirt •rrfti In modifying infittruotion Ko« !5« 

It was, «?■ eiiurs^, l8imrep<sr far th# eoui*?: to tsll ihw 
Jtiry that plaintiff In orrtiT mi$.h% %# eonfiotad if th« «Yld»ftne« *rsi.r- 
rantAd tueh cfjnvlotlon vt»ttn & count iw^lci:^ had! beta ?dthdr»w», &or»- 
OT«r, tUo inetruciioM whs not *©duriAt«, «v«i« iJ' Ui^^r® liM lj««i» a 
•ount chaarglBft the olYoiiso. So«sfei©Ci *J» of Uhapter 3a of th« CriKlnftl 
U«dc, !•«• a»i tii-iii|jrd • « Xii. B«v, 3t5iit» 19.:iJI, -p, 073) Mtatea ao ei»« 
»oftt« of xh0 oiTonoo t^er« d«flii«»4, %hm iatmirApn to Ini'lict upon th« 
poroeo of ttaeth«r a bodily injury, -.^h^x* no ooi-JSJliiffirtitol* proiroefi^tioii 
appoart or «^h(»r« th# eire^Astaroo* of tl3>e a»»&ult ehO'w an sldau^l.onM 
•r salignant h«art. It i« ,i%^p«ai7eKt W4ui %hi£i tu«i lii«truotioj9, ^9 
aodifiod, wa« iB.|jr©p»r for tte© r«'^»osii teal It wag not ap*j>ii®al>io to 
tho oouat \t|>eB wjsioS^i '■>l»intiff in «rror wae tried; tmd o-ran If thera 
bad %»«D ouah a eount, it "ww^o not (m aoourat^ tt«t«£ient of t^« l%v. 
Aa wa» otatod in Pooffla v. llltg. :-»(r?«^ 111, 91, "a, Y«r-lict of ^,«iXty 
*f tho oritita d»fin«<! bjr ««*ett©« »» oottl-l not Ise r«t«!ns(?d unl^as tba 
jury found all %h9 fr^eta whieh mr* n^otasarjr to ««ta.Mi«siJ th» i»- 
fanifantU j^uilt of that eftrti«r-jl«»3r «ri«E«, Th« r^rSiut ssuRt r^axiojid! 
to tho i»*uoa outk^ittrd to th* jury, trnd isust contain, f?i«.her in 
its«lf or by r«f«r«M)ee to the in4ictsi,of. t, ©vor^ »atftri*a crl«<».ftnt of 

Uit ari«a. {'^SMSJML..yj^Jt^Silt* ^IS 111, »l»o; I'ftQal*^ v^ i.tMK,gn . Ml 
Ul. l»S,)» 

yar thio reaooBii indi oat ad tha 4udj.-»ii«i^t auet to« r«v#r8«d 
•ad the eauaa rojianda-l for anotAor trial. 

Minraljr, p, j,, mi4 Jo>in«ton, J'., ©onour. 



f 



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aoiiAitt* COAL 4;</iiJPAii*ir, ) 

A Corp«r«iUen» 

I3«f«ndttnt it. Mtv&.r, 



▼«. 



A. T. nrrna a amp ami, » ) 

C»n>o ration, s*nd, OSC^ "^Oi.f#, Coroner ) 

of Cook County, Xlll»ol», ) 

i»l«lntiffii In Srrar. ) 



Oi? COOK COmiTT, 



4I.A. 637' 

PXalKtlfft i« «rr«jr w«r« s,h.«» idefen.lsinits to « fc-lH In 
Muity fll«<! by th* ot>mt»l<al»iant , He,ll«ii<? C©al Qtmvmyt ok. Aai^itt 
If, 19'M. Th»y t*®!* to r^sifffirtfli a M&iT»& wnt^rtff^ 'hy the GHane«lXor 
(kft«r heftring h»4 tt»©K the' V^lli ajs^i ««wer ©f -fiiafwriarst, n-'elJ't*, $«• 
«ereB«r, -(slAliitliT In trror, A, i", l?yl*#3r le, C0Ea.^£«n2r, Uavlaig Ijc^jts 4«» 
f««It«4 for wauDt of ug !%jQinr«r mxi lh.« bill b^l^^l tt!iit«n ns c»Kf«»a«4 

M to It. 

Tfe© feill ^e-vwre that o« Jwiy 19, lf>i4, plfitntlff, 
Holland Ce»l C&mpumy , r«oov«ra^ a iuitpa^nt at I^v »^»li&«t on* 
f«t«r 4. Olson fcr the «uH of #132S, M, wiileh 1« tjni^ali ^md wn* 
••tl»flod; tliftt ooKplaln^^afitt aw®4 o»t a writ of wxeouttoH ors 
thio ju^«««rjt, ori or a^ottt Jttlf 91, 1904, directed U lh« viiKyrlfl" 
of Cook County, whoro ai»«n theis r«»i«i«d5 that thw (lh«riff maAe 
ft iorewnd or 01 sob; thmt ttm Attgnnt 7, l*5r>4, oompl-lBniKt fllefl a ^©od 
with tho Sheriff of Coek Covmty ar.f^ ilr<»i8t#f} » iRVy w^on certain 
yroyorty of oison loe«t«l at 66SIC Korth Sofe^y utrfsst, ^hlofe 
frevorty eonoUtoiS of flowom, Iswibof t»Xjmt», «tc. ; that tho 
•horlff look poaaoooloK of th.lt prtapirty h^Xanainii to l»®t«r A. 
Olson Olid h#l<! t»oo««ttoloti of th« oawo u» t* Auguot 1'?, 19154, whoa 
4tfor.d«at A. r. Pyfor St Costpany filed In tho Uup«ri»r oourt of 
•••k Cour.ty a oortolB writ of replevin} that th« coroner, by 
▼Irtuo of this writ, dlopoisoatocl Uio {Sheriff of 0*14 ptiji>«rty. 

Xbo telll aroro tuat A. 1. ^or A Cowp^y wao acting 



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la eolluiioa with OXt«i>; that A, T, Pyfftr k Cemppmy h9.jj fllea a feon^ 
• f H,000 with th« ««r»ii»f jthat thu valw* of th« g»ffldii wnt liiueh 
in «xe««« ftf thAt msoutvt: that th« |i»r«i»«rty wae oJ* a p«rlfthAl5l« 
Biitvirt: that Pyfer A Ccitpafiy elalj®**^ tc h^v* r«, ohatt«l »ortg«|i!» 
■i»d« an'l «x«eut«d 1»y Clft«>fx a» :^rt^::ago7 «m4 rncerd^t! In' th« olTi«« 
el' tb« K«oordar of 3>«e4ci of ^o£ Cou^ity; but eoskpX>&iAMnt WftO uti»^Xo 
to find aay rsoord la oai;^ offloo ol' the R«u£i«i. CojaipI'^lnAfit repr^* 
•OBtcd th%t tho 4ixi«t«n«ft ol tho )nortr.a£«» v«s 'loubtful, but if it 
dl4 oxiot it «»• f:iv«B &n<} i»a4(9 for «£s isvaii^li or pnet ooneiefAra- 
tioa «n<! ao pturt of a puroiy e«lerabl« «n<i frauiul#nt trtu^si^otiQi} 
for th# puroois« of »na>>liRg 01««an to «va<l« and eireussvont tho 
orooooa o'f tht eourt an<! to «mafel6 th« a, T, Pyfor Cfimpany to 
hol-i th» prop«rty &» tmots© for 01«#a; that l*yfffir & Cosipeiny, aftor 
4iai>o»«ooolng th« i5h«?riff of Cook ao\sijty» »ol(S «»n<^ e5i»i^««a ©f 
fort«ln of thooo goo^o an«l^ ohattftlo, ari(! w«r« s»tt#siipting to soil 
or iilaT»o«e of tha r«»t ^md r*i«9,in<l«r of th^s®, i»Vilo*; If eonouuBiRtfttod 
oogi9l^in»nt woul* 1»« l«*ft ^itiiout rtmi^^y »i.xoi«?pt « suit or tho b<»n4, 
filo<l in oniil rffr>l«vl»s suit, ?« t wh.leH bowd w^t«i totally l»®(J,o^«&t« 
oithcr to «atl«fy tho jnSgj^m^x or s6B3.p#H»at« Uxm tme'^mt ©f th« 
goods »n4 ohattolo of viilon tho l^eriff had \»eon <!li>|»090«issod. 

Tho 'blli also Alleged tho exiotfoace oi" eortalu d«?.tB 
«i«o to OlftOB, tia4 thot ho ha4 «a e«?tiit«J>lo int<%xe«t Im oorttiia 
thlAgt and aotlone vrhich it asked might b^ <*ps»il0a tt) tho itt'U;»«nt 
•fOlBKt hi«; that ho woo beiioflolally IntrxootOfl in ooise roAi es- 
%ot», Aottolo, rpml or of oomo nature or kind, ^tc. 

Tho bill i»rayofl m ftyili and oowpiots dlaoov«ry of tJao 
uroperty bolon^•lnf to tho doron<Jant Oloonj that th« dof en Santo 
Oloon, A. ?, i»tfor * Cora^any taiA Wolff b« r«(juir«^1 to anawor; that 
tho dofeMantt Olsor sund Pyfor A Comi»any aight b<» on Joined m^> r»» 
•traiB«d from oolllng or dlerjooing of th* orooorty of tho jia^^ooont 
•btorj that a roeetvor mlKht bo anpolntoA, wjd for othop anil 
'^rthor rolief. 









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Th« (1«ei'«ft r«eit«» Vaatt th« court, u<>«n nnn«l<1«rii»g 
ih« •▼l^ene«, hetarlng th« iurgur«nts -uitl tnatisiony t«U(«n orA li«ar4 
in oii«n court in am}f>ert t>i' tn« bill of coJ»pl%iut« fii&ds tii)»t 
It fe»» jarl«dietioii of th« p'jjrtle* im i othter f >.«te taiaged Ir the 
bill fti to the r«cov«ry of iu4gt5i«nt, writ of ttxaoutlon, th« levy 
by thtt £^«!riff » t)i« r(rpl«Tin of th» geodt by th« Cttreaer on tho 
filing of ft bond for fl.OOO, w1 tho <lit]^8»o«»ion of tho Sheriff; 
that o reei»iTOr Vfuit «,pf»oint«d[ on A»^utt 71, I9?4, aacid mia4« »n 
InTontory of tho plontt, 'feulbo, flowtyo, «tc. j that th» ehattol 
Morti^a^e ol^ilR>ft<l 9.9 « Xi^mto on tho 9l£tj)to, floworo, l^ullsft, «!>to., 
by th« ooi<S k, T. Pyf9T k Coftttaiay wam null a«>r? fold twis^ ©f no 
foreo -sn^^ «ff««t «a smtainot tho oxooution said levy, rmA that 
Wolff 00 eorsnor, v.nf[ Pyfor i CoaDpacy failed to roturn oort&in 
Ytlanta, floworo, bulbe, oto. , to tlio roaoivar, In tiie amownt of 
#1,350; th*t tho roooiver Uawl r0por%»d and boor* (!i8c.>jarfi«d; that 
tho coapla-inant Holland Coal C»ffl|HMQy w»« dtMsagod by the sietloR of 
JPyfor k Co^pauy and tho Ooroiiojr 10 the svount of 11410, 4S, 

It woo tharoforo ordorod and adjudgod that dofoaSanti 
Fyfor & Qe&pmr.y xai Oooju- Wolff, coron«r, ohoald pa.y ovor to tho 
ololAont tho o»14 tffiiotmt of ^141C',4S and tho •atoeution ohottl4 
toaoo thfrofor, 

Plolntlffo In ffTTuT omit«nd thst n oowrt of equity v^o 
I'holly vlthout juria-Sletlon un^^or lh*s fsnete «il«goa in tho bill 
o»4 fona^ In tho 4»ore4«. It its urg<?/l in tho ftrat j»laoo thot tho 
rot\«m «9on tho oxooution, liianol o« is«t forth in tho bill, wa» 
»holly iuaufflclont to oonf«r ^tirlo^Uction on th« aourt for tho 
'•aaen that It was net rotvircoi! ttn«*tlofi«fi in whol<^ or in j>«rt. 

If th« bill ho(t b#oa brou^tt tm^or Qoetlon 49 of tho 
Ckmevrj A.ot ( •«« Cjillo^hAa'a Armotatod Statwtoo, 1924, chaptor 
««) thare night be morlt in tils <3ort«ntio». That ooetlon of tho 
•totttto aoroly doolaroo th« riilo which profioualy oxiatod at 



: •:t»itJt<M»e«a(!a«i?-* ^M hm ,000^ if tart !n»»il * 'ui, ^ar-. 
X<5»v .i;«n»©.J» tMt^inf^ ,»-*a«JC%' .«^' l#.'trltt#«*' ■ 

*«,\'t;J'j»-i» i'wi-'.= 'Lite's ^<a»-^5Ri»0 # twt^ hii^. ^ •«<';•«« 'if. i:49l|| 

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■r«ri.»Jferi»p'*;i- fi*.?rsjr? 


ftr!i' ti!! !?$■ Ma.?-?."; 


■-. ;'<,? *jeiis*r<»'. • ■ 



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ee«m«n InM, anA it la n« <f*:>ti1:)t tim* that th« W&« ««• th«itt th«i 
Dariy compiskluant ssust, ;i» .% oon.'Htion s»r«o«-ier.t t^ w'btatnlng 

rtlldf In «<iulty, •ho'*'' "by hii elXl that n« husi b «3ai!awBt«<t wholly 

hit r*»«:<y »t la*. Thl« in thw irul» «xpr«5fi»ed In ^Irgt S^lie>t>ii>:^ 
a^rJc of SlQux . Sit? V. CriJKft . 'm in, «)7j Dutia^'^ ..#. C»« t. ara iyft 
129 111., 5, 8tf),3: sa»ny ©their caB«« ttji»e& waich tue '1«f f^rrfaiBts r«ly, 

t«ek3 t© peaah Qu4'k«tve applied to the aatlufHCtiori ^f hio Judgmaut 

ill* flKjuitable «statft of the d«s'fctor, EoT»r«v«r, as th« ©omplaiEiajit 

iK^rt points oat* tht^re i^ t^othdX* lin^ of daeett «»hiGh »e0sme te 

>««ogr.ils« ft diff«r«nt sort of er»dit<»r*«i >5lli» iiti rshi@ix, it ie 

•«ld, tlB« oir«<)itor i« not feoim«* to g© sjtiit* «(» i'>sy hs that; mamnly, 

a bill where ha «t*aply so»Jf« to r««)V« a I*rsrti-i3ul9»t wtif-naalbjranoo 

out of thtt vxiy ol* hia «x«{stitiofi. Tne ;U«tinetloa ^^^^two-m; th« two 

kindo of bills hao not b^eis Y^ry sslffiMrly <i.«f tB«si, "fe^ut It »*emj9 tfeftt 

in thia l«it9r o1&»b of l^llln it in unn^e«««!i^ary t& Isc^ue am «a«ou- 

tion j»rior to tho fillnic of th® hill, » 43.1 ^r ..et, fi^.I .. y . Da&ir i ^ i^o r; ,. 

3 til, 518, la th« IftftdlBg atjtr.ority »» to th© e^ult».ble juris-iio- 

tion In thlo klwf! of bill, ^mA th« 4ootrlne th«Ti& latiiS -dlotm ha« 'bmn 

follOw«4 la »»r.y »«'b»oqattot eao^s, «»• ia l>^.3^'| .^ ^ a ffl , , ▼., , ^^,glUoff <|^ y . 

Ii2 111, •as, wh«r« thffl court o&id: 

"xt is first oeKt«iad«4 thfkt tbiw le » cr04lt,er'e bill, rmA 
that it canrot "b« br©w<:^it wKtll aft«r th«» r«tvtrn ®f lau oxocu* 
*^*" P«^\* kaaa« -^^ i« Uow«»Ter w«ll eattl^d by tho deoiffions 
of this court that i* hill iu «quity to reja€»ve «i fratiiul^ist ©©ix- 
▼tyanoo out of the way ©f axj flixeeuttoin may ISf* filed as ioow s^a 
j»(J?:iB*nt is r*nd[ore4, and irltnout ta-tflnw ywtll satoctitisn is 

;;*?ff**- 'fWtWff*"^ vt ^ffl^^n* i? iu. aai; i^»mTO ▼. tmotts . 

T. Oorrlty. 144 111., ?7,* ..*.«...^«_«. 

It is n<«xt oont«r«<4.e# tliat th« daonse nuet be rerf^rsed 
V^oaaso ««rir 1q« was not obtained U!>on tho 4u<^^«nt a«btor, 01 sou: 
•»<* aptar T. Ca^y^yy^^, 8 111. 424, an,i Johiisga v. H^ laar. 134 Hi. 
511, ar« eit«<l. 

V« 4o not think, howoTor, tho 4udg»aKt 4<»btor was 1b 



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liarty ^txt iraa not a n««ed«ax'y on«, stliiett ti'ift ii«ftir«!)« do«ft not 

f«rport t« «»t a9l<J« «»ny eanireyaae* KatA« toy hl» l« rvdch &«• 'h»» 
flT«n eoTerante of "warraisty, %u\t m. v.. yt(aol<; . 146 111. f7f5, nf- 
rirtplng 4!i 111, A|>i». Bi*?. 

thft <S«fen'?jint», 'islnirstlff* in ^TT^r, Ijolst ©tit tb»,t 
■«t«rl)»l »renR*MBtt ©f a Viill in equity which are e«itli«y •<l.ifiitt«4 
n«r ^mtiifAt mnnt l^e« isus3Tport««S Tt»y in«s fii*.roof j tfeat the «vid«KC« m««t 

f<iei« pT&yn'H *t this h««.xi»g wkicft ar«. jafj^ I-MU, •ufrioloist te 

two dti'«r*4&ikt(» 'Jiii'i tl-iere are ae» aUts^ritieitia in t.^« till w.-&n ^"nit^ 
Ui* <i««rfie le found fiiiig:»iSjaBt 9n«, ^Jr pTr»_Qi ag%ln£t okj?. It ru^t h& 
r«veriiwf3 as to both; that & d9ore« jay ft efenreft^o aii&ltE «J3ly th« 
ffteta prop«rly alleged, but aot tiaat »«eh i'*<3t» authorise eqaltafeXft 
r«ll«f, or li"?© tii» coart ,!url©«Ucti©» of tfe,e sttlijeat lasittgfr, 
Th9t« tiy« «l«i(i«!nt(a>y profoeltl@n&« wiil^fc jftay fee o«>»c#4ed» birt whi<al» 
arff, w« think, i»h0liy taa*t«Mrlal htrti, »1rs)« ih» flwdliig of fmete 
In th« <l«er»« jsmfi the »ia«gn,tlons In th« felll *?<», ii; owr oplnlen, 
•nrf iait'nt to jwBtlfy tti« rell«f g3rattt«<«. 

It 1» furfhftr ormt»n«!j®4 t,'5ttt th^ ©*iwrt «rr«d tn r«- 
t»lBlng Jurla-Jlctlon to 'li9!t«»r«5lii>? &nd »ettl«- |j«r«ily mal teoJ^ly 
I«gul ri^thts, i»ax^ '■•}*.. It is urg«*d th»t i» fmt'srlng » iBon«y jiadg- 
••iit tja« oourt dwpriirftsS tii« dofiWKisujta ol' their «©»»titvtlc»nal 
rljiht of H trl*! ^y Jury, ^nmar v. X.t»ui4hlin^ , '^^S5 111. Mf>i 
flomln^- y. iUhoii». 27S 111, 153, arc eitftti sui^ r«»lle<i or. 

W« 40 not thiiiJc th»t tiiare le ,any <)ontrov?»rty a« t© 
tlio na.« a^pllcal9l«> In Buau a ea»«. If tiio «quitl<»« ^opaarlng 
*ro iBOiiirfiQlont to giro th« oourt jtirio<)iatioi3, th^n ». court of 
M«lty ohowliS not 9roc««4 to givo r*!ll«f upon a p«r«l:r l®&skl 4leBia»4. 
Th»t, howovtr, t« not the o»o« husro, ainoo %hf deoree fin^s that 



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the ohAttftl mortgage, na^aar «9lor ©f wUiak d®ffn.*}'*»t A, X, Pyfar 
4 C«H9«ny olal®.Ovi, is nrjll an.? vol A, Hfi^iag ae i:l«eye«vi, Ui« 
fstirt of «<jt3lty qovlI^. do fuii jiiati«t 1}«t'«ra«n tlte s>*xtia3 toy 
•nterlng a ;ju'i^vwi tkn n% law .for tJi,* v«lit's of ti'i^ pr©i?«rt.y 
whioH ha* lni«n wrnM^f?i3,3y t%k«B "bj ai#«na of * r«»pie>-»iis iwrit 
•l»t«inftA 1i»y filing am iaa4es?w!at« acnd. 

fik# d^fflrsf t» Just em^ i» afflr»i«<S, 

»«Sor»ly, P, .'^' , RjTsa .T(&hnj5(ton, J,, cCReyr, 



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App«ll««. ) 



244I.A.637 

MR. ^StlCS M,ATCS:iETT SSSLIVlRaB TOl OFIIIOU OJ" f«S COimT, 



P^ 



?li« plaintiff broye^t suit a.** tSa« &ftKefteimyy ©f tw« 
Hf« Incurane* pellei«ii *1at«<S J«ly tS, 19 as, for Ui® ®u» ftf |5,000 
•aoh, l»3u«d OK thft 11 f« cf her <l««si»t»»<«4 huafesiidl, ittna rflt«<3 on 

Tha d<if«n8e8 ■pl«9.4m4 wsr© tb,© gsuRftrid issati, sas<? that 
tta« yolioiea v«r« nATffV l«eiui«i, ia9V«x' Is^ease^- 'bind.lns |p^oli«l««, Mia 
thAt th« flrttt premltai was nmr^ ii^> fnet f Ai4. 

At th« ol«»« «f plaintiffs «ifia«ne« dief^ndiMBt rt* 
«u«*t«d an isstruetion to the Jury in it« I'&VQir, «M«h th« oourt 
fAT« and entered Ju4^a»t on tl)« v«r4iet roturr^edi iii r&Kp&nBtf to 
tht instruetloa. 

The eo&trolllsg ((utstion ii% the. aa«« id «h)»th»r the 
••mrt irr«d in direetlng th« ▼•rdiet. the rul« t© b© apii»li«d ia 
i*«i^lne that euffintioR la ««11 s«ttl«d in this «t«te. It is «rrQr 
tt «!▼• »iioh «tn inntrneiion for « 4«ferfi»nt, whffrw th«»r« ie si»y 
•vlffmno* from «*iieh th« jtiry cotil^ rfra«onHbly fin*! in f»vor ©f 
Ikt plaintiff, ia»«l in ruling ufiftn sueh motion th« plaintiff 1« 
lBtitl«4 to ^« ^•nt^rit «f all thu «rld«no« in h«r f^^Tor, coii!»l<l!«r«a 
la th« A«p«iet m««t fAvorahl* to iser, l.ik«»wi»», th« plaintiff i« 
•Btitled in aueh oa«« to the benefit of all pri*«i«?.ptloR8 «nd l«- 
fwrenees ti4ii«^ may reasenaUy Ise <lrawB fross the erlfienet, and e«a» 
t»Adictory •Yi'ienee or explanatory oirotuBBtaRceo in eTi<l«r>e« ehonlA 
^ rejeoted. (HoCune v. fieynolde. 999 111. 188; Ijuntar t. treu^ . 
tt» Ul. 293; i:l wy« V. III. Central a. R. Co .. 28o 111. App. SIM; 



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■«.*?"t ,tfia«:a%t»|k »«aftfrl'rft «*'}'tli«i.s.i ■ 

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B »t»ra y<traT»' Qyatn Co« v. >-<iraa»d«» grain co.. 229 Hi, Afp. 10».) 

v^ould a Jury r«a»»»ftbly find tttm the OTisJenct In thlB 

r««ord thftt a contruct of lBi»tiri»j»e« h&d be«j!:t In f&«t sui4«V In 

••aslderlog that i)u«stioii, it is oen«ttd«di by th« p«,rti«ic that th« 

■««• prlnelplva tund rul«s should be ajvpllfid %» wouli be Atppllemble 

Iji 4«t«ralntng th« «xi»t»fi6« vr non^ttxliBtttne* of ofiy (»Uti«r aontraet. 

the fftot* At«cls»«r! by th« s!fTltien«« ;--irft as followaj 

Th« <i«:ft»dttRt Llf* lri»ur&ii(0« o<»q)r«By haa lis hom^ of- 

fi«« At ^t. Louie, lil«0mirl. At th« tlem of th« tr»n«}aetlou« out 

of which this «ontroT*r»y »rt««« it wa« r©i»r»««r>t«!!4 at 8|>rlngfleld, 

Xlllnoi«» by ©n« «'. H, St»«y, igi»Rtral sagent. On th« 15th of 

July, 19??, at '^^icattir, HHnoio, Arthur 'OavIo, the i!«o«ae«4, hus- 

bond of the olfitntlff , through Vr, St.%«y, s^ade »n applie&tien in. 

writing for two life Insursmee p«jlial«i of the OrdiKaary Llfo JBob- 

fortioipatlng plan, the aimu^l itremiun \iLpion euoix policioo lelng 

1909* The i^jpliotitiem Btat<i<l that the sstpplicmnt hmi not pAiS tiio 

agOBt anything. The applieatien further provi<!«d: 

"(e) that if the first proBtlun for Ui9 insuranco hereby 
applied for be not paid to the ^«mt at tiiff tl&e of iftakln«j, xhin 
application, or if the polioy be i^t^nedi for a less aeeunt or on 
any other plan than tiriat for wnioh this applioatlon is siiade, ih^^ 
insurarioe ehnll nnt b« «ff ftstive \»til thf? fjolicy is delivered to 
end aeeeptftd by lae «nrl ih-^ first prezaiuKt thoreon kotuAlly paid 
during' wy lifetiitte mt4 »ontimt«>f! In go©<5 h<»Blth, but upon such 
delivery, >%oce9tanet and f aysusnt 'iurins-,; my iifotiKse Mi'l aontijjued 
food health the poliey shall b* de*»»'«d to h?sve tak'en «ff«iet fro» 
uii\ ahall bear the dat« of *s>pr0val at the :*e»!8« ufflcs or other 
date epeoifically requeeted by the applicant , on which dats in 
taili year t.:ier*after si*b«egw<*«t pre;>:.i«r.s win bf? ^n* and pay- 
able." 

The aoplicatlon was «jc«Biitn%d on July 13th, an'! beeauRS 

sf f-^ts diseloeed thersby, the eoiapany seoured a further partial 

examination end declined to losvie the policy as ro«i«*»«ted in the 

asplioatioB, but anproveil it for what vae kno^n as a Table III 

basit, yens A, poliey, with no eartflivled Uis'ironoe an^ for an &«« 

«»sl vrsnliM of M37.5C>, 

tw yolieies of t ie kind were sent, to Sir, Stasy. 






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general Agent, at i}|i7i»tj;i*ield. B^f^nttaat <lir«et«(a l.r. ata<^ thi^t 
th«r polioifft nust not b« (l«llv»r#4 until th« fttt««tloR of the ap- 
f>lloiuit v«s eAll*<4 to thooo changes, a% tH« %im.f!. that fitaey taok 
tho ai»t>lieatlon for th« in»ur«ino« hit a}.«e aecfttite^ two »ot«^si of 
tho iKppllesmt for fl09 and liac^O, romaaetlvoly, -rhlch In tho a^pro- 
gato rei^ro««nt«d tho jsaaiount of th» flrat y«a3r*t f>roiel«0it on tho 
polieioa upon th« haoio on vhloU tho ap]!»lio4»tion va« mM9, It «ao 
tho cuotoia of Staey tiiua to »eoapt not«a from m^pplicsintft for In* 
luroAoo. 

At thlo titto Arthur BatIs was in tho ilhrln« elreua 
buaiiiess at Vort Wayno, Indiatiia. fhie bueinose at diiffi^ro&t tUiot 
during tho avuasaer tooJe hin to Springflold, IllinelB, and IN»«&tur, 
Zlli'OlOf wad tho nogotlaiiono with i^taoy for thlo inet^anco woro 
•arrled on mt thoao ploosfl. Whilo theoo nogotlaitio»« woro pen'llng 
Mr. Staoy mot Ur, fi»4 Mrs. Davlo at tho pootoffieo in Doeatur a»4 
talko4l vlth then about this inouranoo. liro. Daflo 9iil<! that oho 
didn't think that Mr, Savio ooald afford It rifht at that tlmo, and 
J»r, 3ta<y roT>lt«*4 that It w©^a^ h« «fcU rl«jht, o»yiiJ«E, "I will tako 
taro of it. I trill put tho not#s in ta« v«ult mn4. no on«t n«e4« to 
know iwiything isiltjout it." i^ro, Savto Ud not think ta^t this o-tght 
to b" lono, and aha told ataoy that oho «iirto*t think that fcr. Davio 
•houli diyt tho notos; that oho waatod hii«i to pay, if h?^ wa« going 
to tako tho polioy to tiik^i it up. fir. Staoy «aid that it was p«r> 
footly sai ri^ht with hi», that ho ahoul4 tako oaro of it, and that 
if Mr. Oario ooul4 not p&y up right at tn« fclmo wh^n it was duo, ho 
Would ronov tao notes, iiao oald that Mr. :Dayio ahouXa not pay tho 
■onoy out; that ho noodod tho noRoy for hit nusinooo; but ataoy 
■aid that was all right, ho woul<? tako ear« of It; ho woul4 >ut tho 
n»teo in hio wauXt and sond tho nonoy on to the ooMFany. *Ho said 
ho would tako oarn of tho notes and koop tiim, Mr. ataoj said ho 
*aul4 tako Ur, Dairis* notes. Ho said h* wanted to tako his notoe; 



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tJaat Kr. J^avit <ili4ln*t Vno'Wf to *hOJ3 to p».y it. S« wmiia talt« oJsarg* 
©J* th« not«a. '!» w^ul^ ren#ir %h*^m ^an-' ^!.Wn Art all th» tlimff H« 

vanted .** 

Portsr ''^. Per.b«i?rt3B -was «»afa»f,i!»<i in t5ie (slraun Wstwoti 
with 4rthur DaTla. In the a«Kua«r sf Iff^i-^ aaid a,ft«r th« iM>Xi«l«« l» 
<|u*«tloa v«tY9 in th<( htindi« of vSt^ov-, Mr, ¥tm'bmt%&m m»t {it^Msy, whoa 
he kn««, at Uit? raliro^a station in iiDringf l«ld, Illinois, At thnt 
timt Arfcriur Uayi* was Ih <Jiilcago, Bsr. P«»»1&«rt9» »ay» that at t.h*t 
tin* itr. at«.ey tol^ hii», ^«-s^«rton» tfistt ,?i<s, 3tHi«;?, '»»« goln|:_; ta 
fort "**yin«i, lR"5laifiaj Wfterw tf;r, Darla « .i» to «t?tiij,« iiti Shrine ©Irsm*, 
P«ait>«rton tol-S :-itaoy that *r, DaTis w«»« not 1« Kort w»y«« «t th»t 
ti««; t3a«t he wsmi In C^iieagrd,. )*n,i taat if ^t'-tdy w«int«?'«^ to •«« lir, 
]>»Tl» h« ahonl-l i(fj> to CMeage., 3tA«jy r«pXift<l t^vatt ha »otii<f uot g;© 
to Chioft?-o; t^at hf ■W6t*l''l g© 4©^sm to '/ort ^^yne vht^.re th© airctt* 
w»» ar>^ 8#B DftTis. 

5t%oy «»]!nHI P«R:t'srt0n at that tl»« If hn, ■^TOsTawrtoB, 
w»» ^ein^:; t» a*** Kr. Bavlis whei' h« w^nt nek ti? Ciilc«g«S, ?&»<* ?#»« 
¥#»rtofi toli blsj, *Tff».* Stsey th«r< t«»3L4 P«sali>©rt©n to t«13. Kr, t>a"rl» 
•that hf»^hHd hin iRK^irftn«« all fix««! u?* for hlsR, Th«» only •:?lfr«r«ne« 
vat At & Mfthur r*t<^ *!«• to pom^i «h.©rtr4<»»a or ©vwrwai fht , »r somft* 
thing to that ofl'^et, '-md t};»t iPh^^fi h« c«ao to ?«rt ^feyno ho vot<14 
arrango tho mattor. Mr, StAoy oxplain*^ ap-projEimately ©r i=>reel««ly 
tho dil'f(»reno» in tho pr^iwiwa of this poller t© he idetioid frcm that 
rato.* Staoy told P»i';h rton "te toll Art* (mearjlng ir. »avl«) that, 

Thti n^xt /^ay P«E5b«>rteB asnc T?*^vt» and told hia what 8t&«y 
1»4 oai^ wad I^vlo ropUod, not In oxact wordo %nt anbstar^tially, 
*fc»t it waa all ri«a»i, mA h« «aa gla4 that it ^was ftxtdl wf, !'«»- 
Mftoi aX«» tol4 &«vlo ahout tho othwr arranK:oKi'*nto tiiat th«»y 
|tt«ntafl Sta4By an4 l>aTi«} war* to »#ot In '*notoi?»r pl!%e« aftarwarfSo, 
■H Mr, I>aYiii oai^ «o»*t>»inj!r ahoitt fixln|{ up a noto a« n«»i»r ao ho 
9iiA4 rosior^lB>«r it ©r tan-!<»r#t»in''? it; t?i»t h-s had *Hv«n Tilll Stfl.oy 



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ttof'O for the priwaitaa at tU® erlglusil r&t«; 'hut Si&«y tmi Bari* 6i& 
n©t iB«#t nt th« %|it»olnt0(1 plio«« P»>.>>*»rton aaysn that Uscrl* ssaisS 
•u1>»tnrjtl«lly to hlas, "That** %11 right. I tm glad it Is fixi»A ■«».* 

Stasy; h» ifiais cono«9»ion attn!4«:4i]p of Unt Arthur ^aTl» i»eiiu»emv<i;nt 
CoMTJf^ny, im'i ha*l an interest in th« .«yne«i»sl©n en.1 o?" It oftl:v; h^ »«• 
*«rkiaf OB H per«*nt»g« Isr^Kia, ab^I h« eon4.uGt«4 th,» es»<j«ffl«lon« In- 
depw»<1.«Ktly a» ^ils d»n bw»ln««8, }i$ h^ kiio^ra "kr, ,Da-»ii« urior lo 
hl« denth pro'bsl'ly threw or four yftar», H« ihad a«t Stsiey tTo^ry day 
or night of a wtek in ^aioh this clrou* was giv««i at %.rl«gfl«ld. 
B« fiay« that he *a« «itii ataoy at %h^ jrallraad etation for rift««8n 
■tinutota. aMfl that h« tle^s liot r«<salX hgiving k«A a conv^rvatlen ^rior 
to that tl»« with Mr, Stacy about tai© Insur&na*. Barls ^^H not 
Bay anythinit ahout auy fiot.«, a»<;3 r«i»fcb«yti»tt n,«v«r hw! arjy further 
e©nY«»r»»tl«a with 5fr, Stacy n-lsovit ta« ■fjpiloy, Hrt t-<»afJ.rie<! that 
h« 414 «M9t ltn»« w]^ffth»r I)«!iYi« 9f^r fe-av« a not« for th« iaar#a«a<l 
yrcKitttt or net. !>avi«, th« «f»l.i«jR®<i ltt'Ua*t««, ■•ffjjiB i^ni continuvil to 
^e in good h«^altK up to th« tt,«'!f h« re^t hiss d.ewkth 1« »ri acci4«Rt, 

On Oototiar 14, X9!?2, a,rt#r tn« 4»?atii of Davis, the «!,«• 
f«nUnt r«fu8«4 a tenlor fras tli^ attO'm«y for the 0la.i,ntifl twri«fl« 
elary of a eaa^iler'a c^.eo^. lor th« auia of |23a.61, r «r'y««®eiing. tli« 
dif}'«r«no* 1r pra'jKiiiMi b«tw««!n tn« pQlioitja appiiwii for arid Ui« one* 
which wer« in fact e^ut fcy def «» lant to iit**oy, 

o» a«iit«ifeb«»r 13, I93a, after ti^e doat;-. of Arthur BaTi«, 
tho polloiva, whloh had up to that ti»t )>«*oi\ Ik th« pos»eE»loa of 
*r, Sts.«y, wora "»y hia returnf^d to th« boAe ©JTico at St. Leuia, 
tmi OB flwpttmbor i'?, 19;?.S, tii« 4«f<m<Sant eonpany, in retipon** to ft 
X otter fro» tho attorn oy for U-.ts i»l<ilntlff , wrot« in n^t a» foi- 
lowt: 

"TM* aw^lioatlou to qu « *«ti for |.10,000 fcr t*fo Tolicles of 
$8000 *ftch, wi T»%f iHt'^'l at Doeatnr, III,, J«ly l."?, I9a«. tfea 
•l»olio«tio« waa for tw© i»olici»« on tho Or^lnswry Lifo ^ob- 
Pmrtleipatlng n«i, an^ the annual prmivm on auch jiolictoa 1« 



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wff .t as « « I ji i i «» «)t ® V* t: <»l! *«* ifto kt»ii 1 1 «? <' « 
-1 »«i* Aeu* ,i»i-jr*t »«JtM«rl©i'?i^'^ 



kft(! not {»ai4 tJti^ ^A^^.iffi'ii iy»yt.'j.i»g. 

The nkppXl&ation was ^acaadja^d on th« 15tl-i pi' July, w<d 

th* fft«jte <?lselQ«««4 in thSkt ftxm-AtinXi&n this Roaipfiitiy g^euret 
» further partlai. «xat«in(^tloa em<l <I«o.liii??'4 t© l®sia« th« 

it «n *, tf^t'lt! lit feiAssin, F©rj« A. with. »« «.xi«iie1[«<l ln!$«rari«t«, 
and for swa ttni-.'^&l i>rcK.'4lisfa of H37,e.. , i«ind ias,^*,^-" two insii- 
8i*?'« of thrst klK'-i, »«s-4'^,la« tawfe t© Mr, f^ltatoy, «Hs»r fi^«rJ^rsl 
A««>nt At v»^rlng.f.l«14, a^'I t&^lxm hiw Ai.x^xi%t&a t«s iaia 
ohsngs, jmd dir«ct«(^ that the ^oliel«e mutt not !»« ^^^Itvert*! 
tintiX th© a-tt>«ntlf>ri Qt* th« a-^'Jiirjarnt fHiss c'9.il«*d to t.h«»«® 
«Hang«ft. 

Mr. St'Aey a'1viii«5<s that li'^ }i^^ not HjvJ im uppQtt\mitj t© 
»r#iient t.h#«# poltelftB to Ih® sspr^lioamt, awfl %s!'^l?»« .•^ir ©.f th • 
»et5©n of the C'r-ffifiar.y. 

kr, at»ey at th» tits* ©f making tla» a.p'f^t.lcaittftK, «».«« w« 
«ir*! new jMtvlseii, t?}ek fcwo notfto, onq? for BiOf ,C-C >!ik<-! en« f^r 
|1?G0,00, sari'^ w« ar*!i to.^ay r.«qii^i»t.iMff ■;;1?6, to r^tytrn thuiin^ not<?» 
t© th-^ ^rtiftot Trt;T^v&nfitl-^*i of Tir. BsiViw, l»?i0.+ftueh «» tk«»ii 
not«<i «#r» mnA« ps0n.hX^ feo th«i «jrcier ©f », !3« Starv',* 

aBii '^o'r- ooKBtrAiri^i i© hold fcSmt it w».s ln»ul'f i'-t«Kt to r»Qatre 
Miy material l»fiM» to hm svih&ltied tt> %ix% ^lury. Aii «Xf*fi>lR;;(tioa 
©f the wrlttfl© R-ppX lent ion dl(acji.«»©s tlaat ^t was la the «o,ftt«sBpl»» 
tioB of th« partite th,at ijni»tjrAjr.«o« migl'it |»»«flibly &« iffi»t}«<S 0» ti 
dllTer^mt pl&& ih«ui. that fox* w^'ileh th« f»i>r)Iloati(»xt w«h mi%4«. t^ft 
auf^llc^tlen «X(»r0«ii».iy stfttftn tii« aontlitlone unen ^hie.; snen dlffftsr- 
•Kt pollulea. If i«8iu«<l, ttnoal^ bfitcdido tfi ectlv«. Three e«tin??l« 
ti«fitt w«r« «x^r«ft««d - fir»i,, ttijit ih« fOltey sJiould t»« d^yXlir^re^ 
to tii» ap^lie«nti n^eond^ ta«t it «r4©til4 fee «.eo«r't«4 by hlsr.; an--?, 
thirid, that th* flrti |»r«Rsiiui» shoul'i! aetually 1»« j^als! •I'arliig: th» 
llf«tl!s« of tli» appliettnit. 

^hm: tH« |»«lieie» tn**^ or, i?«r« tri*Kft.-*ttt«<S Isy tft» 
4«f«n"1«nt to lt«3 .lEftrit,' ataey. It aA(^*k\ tisr fxsrt'hflir f^lr^otloK fiti* t 
th* oViarsgfea In tis« peliel«« •ho^l'l iB* satll<»'» to thf «ttw»tlon ef 
Ui« applleant l?«foT« It »«« <a«ltv«?r»a. if w« aesnuii?* th»t EJtsiOy, 
«B g«n<ral ag«nt, h«4 authority te waiv* feii« eon^lti^ci «^» to t^« 
pajaerit «f tifi« fir«t prwialwi, tiint h« ial«^t •it:t<«»n<Jl cr#<it «» kl« 
•w» r9»?t«a»ltillty, or If wa furtii«p avrub^ that a KJAXiwal d«- 



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llT*firy ef th« pelteitt *a» «Rn»««iBi!»«ry, th« »^i-1f«»5e« •till e»B9|i 
iHart •f pr^^t^ntinR a nueetlan fior the e«»nsi<<f.«r»tie& of the jury, 
for th« r9»aon, «wiong ethers, th^t it •1««>r isot <!l»clo«i« » walv«r 
■by StMoy of th# payment tf fefe« first t>feKilw»» 'feut ©r tht tien%rm.rf 

9a]nB«iRt w»« t© b« »!!Kle thri^n^h th« nkCQ^ptrnxion toy Stacy of t}»« 
aottt of ta« &pi»Ilc{tfit; ari'l tk«r9 i« not n. sei»tlllrj,. of tvld«i«!(;« 
tending to show thjit the i>«»rtieii iist.«m4e<a J»n.y <S«llv«ry ©f the 
pellctes to bm otner tiiiui «»ir^ii«il , <wMl« tner« ie :^^ fsntlr* a^ 
•«Be« of •▼Idonee t^ndin^; to »iu»-v ihs^X Dairie #v«>r in f%ot &e* 
e«9t«cS the pelieiee en «!iie^i suit l» brou^^ht. 

TSae evidwiee of Itre. iDaris «« thmsi cfu^etlon of DayE^nt 
ef tVi* firet pr«iataB t«K'1n to eh©i», fi©t a w&lT^r of th« {>«^y»«3it 
>ttt an asr#«®«at "by whiisdi, throagh the ««» of tH« not<^« of Bavle, 
payment ""ae t« !># sadt. Her testiM^isy Is ponltlvely t© th>i> rf» 
f»«t that St-toy afr«*d te tftJc** tH« «ot«s ef »avl« ani^ reriiw th«» 
if ReoeisnaTy, ho, Staoy, a4tra»ctl»g the nAoaenary fun4e to pay the 
?Te«'ittts. that clear evtditne* »«ike« It la^osiiiMi? to 16c»ilwe that 
DaTle ^vfT for a moment »tt|>i>©««i.i that the p4»Xlei(»8 we«l4 lb« le 
tffeet until M« notes for th* iweount ©f th« first premlim had 
^een 4eitver«<l to ataey. He li^i not »?»s?e aadi deXiYor the n«t«« to 
■eet the payment of the preiaitus for the polisi^e ©ffere4; ha 4id 
net effer to do ee, nor wh&a tnform«d ¥y JPewlterten, at Stacy ♦• 
request, that polielee of a diffsrent itlrid than tlioee applied fer 
were offered, did he say to Faisto^rton that he would exeeut* tlneae 
notes or oecsmtanioat^ Surtf^er with ataoy aVieut it, nor re<|ueet 
'oiberten to do eo. 

The briefs and ori^uKefite of the i^tixtiee ilsoues at 
l«!n|fth the euppesed agency of Pemherton. If ire grant that It »agr 
te inferred fran the erldence that Staegr inten'**^ to wake P#;''berton 
*^i» airent %t> ees^imleate an offer to Jtavio, th«*r* is no evid^dat 



^.H i^ ■»,• e ;,riv/ ■2i:'w ^v* .' ^j i,', fjr^ wr-j ; r> vi** " .1 f 



ftr-j.-^rj'- 



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in th« rccoTi rre» ~«hioh a. jury ootill r^Afusnably Infer that he w&s 
AAdt th« a|j«nt to r«o«lv<i th« r«t»ly of D«%"»1« to that 0tT«r, ©r 
th«t hi» wai» in aiqr way («»th«ri««i1 to oloa* xxp th«^ t raw » act leu. Ii« 
w«t not lntru«tft4 'with th« ^eilleieis. In4[j*#«t, tb« «vi!f«n€Mi fail* to 
«fl«clo»« that h* ha*! wjy (1«»fl«lt« knowl gi^ft ©f ■«i^a,t A* t>ollei«-» 
eentaln^^'!, ar of th? re«T>«et.« In -^hioh ths«« psllci«« 'Uff-Tfe^ 
from ^e»« for '^ilca* JJsivi* had A|»»)lit4, 

W« ti'iltjJt a« more car* b# Ififarrflut fronw the (wid«Re« ©ft 
tlii« point tliiua a r«qua»t l»y Staey to Pssvi'teertoB to t«ll 3>*'?i» that 
th« 9oliel«a A«»it«d hti •ea^ftftnc** e* r«,t«'CtJoB, Xh* »rl4«rje« of 
fwkbertoii Is to the «ff«et tk&t Stacy »ai<:^ to nl&« ir^ eubstacset that 
wh«t! ht (A«%riing 13aYl») eas*? to F«rt 'r^a-ya« li« would !U'r«jrig« th« 
■att«r. J*«i«^ertdR also t«stifit« tk»t d&Tln jr«£>i.i9<l »t.jbHt»nti«a2y 
that it «»,• <«I1 right a&a h« w&e glad that It «as fix«d tap, "but 
thl«, In ROf;c«>ctlen with all th« otifci«r eirl4»*ie», can rwaeoKiately 
atan no ster« thai: the affirr^»rie« by T^avie th.m.t ne inroitld he ri^acly to 
■•et Staey at Fort '^ayu* ari'^ tber* arraisge th* whole fflsattwr. It 
t« apparent ti\at if it ha4 b««ii thi» tnt«^' tlen ©f the parties that 
tli« aokusunloaticA fT<im staoy t© l)avi«, thrntigh Ftmharton, an*! lt«i 
aee«i!tanie« by BavlJi, 9ho«14 «an«lri<!« th« eontrriot, th#r« woul^ b* 
■• eeeanien for «* trip to ?ort Wayn* en ta« pt»rt of Sta^y. lulned. 
In our opiclon tha ttt«Koot authority for f'ajsbmrtos, which can ba 
tBf»rr*<!l frost the «vld«itica, l« ttmt ha «a» r«qu«at«d to a«t aa a 
MiBvab^ivr. 

^0 Jiiry ootalii rs'aftOB^itly I'lnd fro» thia t<*«tl»©oy that 
It vaa the iatantlon of »ltu*r of ta« partis* that th« eottveraatloii 
tottwaaa Davla sal Ponbortoa aaould raault in a blB Un^ aontraot. 
Ihat both Paab*rtoK iini Davla ae un4.^r«t*>o<l it la in'lcatftd by tha 
'aat that ao far aa th» «^1 «#nca dlaelooaa, Parib<»rton n^fvr coai«» 
■anio^tad to Staay th« r^nly of tJavla, ftn<t a!>paraf>tl;ir did not 
think that thara vaa any 4uty r«»«ting u an hla to <<o a«. 



JgaijfjJtXo*;- 






0* "T-^ r-- -i-f 1^, ,(;). . ■■■( frunr-"!;i>"- 

f5;<>ft.'f hit ■ 

■*<f l-'f.i*i-^^* ^"ii^rdi ,!j'tB«T *«<»■:■ 

, ,,«f^< oft 0* »M ««' « »«i «*«*'* '^''"''^ ^^^ 



,« 



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An B,fjr««!i3«nt which r9»«2.t» in a e^ntraot mtmt be mn%n»l^ 

dlHoloasA h<»r<(, i^fouXd it "be fer a ntanmifc €mit«ri4«f^ ti)i%t the I»s^)rane* 
ooKtpany eottl4 haY« r«o<»vered In ii sttiiit «gai£>0t Bovlt ih« aiBouett of 
th« presiluwa ou taeae paX.l«;i««? It is appariKat that th« mvm^y »aat 
%« In the negative. ]?»▼!« va« sot "ositm^s tlmra/or® the lnsur«i:^e« 
•OMpamy -wae set bound, th^ ••vidm.ium i^akln to r!i}$«:i0jsi!» that th««rt 
was m, K««tlng of th,e Klrt<!« of the parties, or n, d«rinit« a^rtemimt 
%«tw«)en thmt^ &• t& t«r^s. 

B«€auss th« iirldtmsii ^Isel^aos that th^^rn '?^as no pro- 
▼i itioa for th« p«t:y»e»t of th« jtrfliuiuea on these fvuXlci^ft in the msmK^r 
•[Cr««d tti»eii, b«c«us« fvom the whole tirl4«r.c« Buteitt«4 It is nf>i>%i'eEt 
that tltwr© was n© Aellvmry of ihtt fsolleise, ym?l b»ea«M> %hm •▼tdi^ttet 
fails to rlisoloa* ftiCtJi lYeis ^trhifth i* Jury ©nuIS r^asoisably flnfl that 
the miriffs of the pusrtl^B Ki«t In r«^,&r4 to tJa* t«rs>» ©f tJt« |it»liei<««, 
th« InRtrustlon to rjtturn a T*r<1iGt for :.«l«f ©n^fi.ant waa sjroi^erly ^;ltr»n. 

Plftintlff also eont^R'Ss t>*at th« «l«f«m«!afit ia prteltt?!#« 
froa setting ui3 a asl'onss other th«yB tiiat JstateA it. its lf?tt«r r«- 
Aisini, pa. meet. Cailc & lill^i^. Ivy. Co. -g, fe-.aGai>thy . 96 U. S. 3ia; 
I. tt. H. H . Go. v. . 3«it«. 014 III, 35<), ^md oth«r simllsr Oi^see aro 
«it«4 to tlxla point. Iks listttr, h©i»»ir«r, i« not lK!i!OK8i»t«>nt with 
tho dofofisc tiiAt titer* was no oontraot b«tw«*or» tfo# pajfti^s, Tho 
tasts citoil ar* Kot appiloobl©. ( a«t 13 Corpus Juris, 699, o«e. «l>0,) 

Th« Judgment Is affir»«d« 

Msflurely, P. .T, , ntnil Johnston, J,, eo«car. 



;:,,,;; . .. ■■■' '* ?>;*'Mi«-» . 

•jsiiwJKi* •^"'' ... .. <t ;...•...,- ...c.i ijerlfifs-s^f •■*'>! ■■- ■■■■ .,.. . 



.■3t)tf4V 



119 • 31248 

dWARDlAH VAT imi-a, BAM OF ) 

CHIC, 00, ( 

Appellant, j A.?^A1, IBCas WEIGII'AL 



T» 



comt OF eH:c-.,ao. 



y. J. m^iB MFo, CO., (ft 

KH. ju:]XiC£. MATcaiiTT M::a¥iM3.' fa;i oi&ioir ^^the comt, 

tfaiB appeal ia by the plaintiff la u replevin auit 
tram a JudgsMBt for defend ^inl entered on the finding of felM* 
eeurt • 

The MRterial fustu mre not d imputed nnd appear to 
iMl tUftt a bank in Ohio seat eerea ijoads of tine par Talue of 
11,000 e«cli and by their terae payable to bearer to the plain- 
tiff bank at Chicago. Plaintiff fi^iliTere^ these &ond» to 
Hyney Saereoa A Company, & bond houu^j t king a trtiet rsjoeipt 
therefor, by v«hioh Hyjii&y ^laereon & Coapnay undertook to hold 
tht bonde as bailee for the noeouat of plaintiff aa^ eubjeot 
to its order. 3y the terae of thie receipt, Hyney neraoa 4 
Company further uacSertook 5.0 2 turn the boade to plaintiff 
ea ^epteifter m, 1925« 

Yhese beads were aot returaed and have not been paid 
for. oa the contrary, oa or -ibout Jcpteober 18, 19^5, the 
d«f«Bdaat F, J, Lvnia feauf eiarlajs coapsny, through the 
iefead"«t twadnrd Trust fe airinga Bank, r«celYed thene bonds 
U a traaeactioa which tho defendaats ln«iet ^uaeisated to a 
fvrehaoe bu^ T»hich pi iatlff argues wae ia faat ia the aature 
•t • loan, becnuae of aa acreeaeat la uritiag delivered at tha 



^.j!fcf:_f.s- * $, 









J> ©^ i>-vtjSMMwr.!..'-- -J ^-^ I o ,",. ' 



.2- 



tlffle in whieii the seller » l^oy a»ro<NB h Co3S£»&iiy« proniscd 
at th« option of the d^fend^xat T. J. Lowls Manuftaoturiag Conpany, 
to repuroh&ee theR« bonde within a gliroa tisM at a alight 
ndTABoo in prlc«« this being on« of s«T«r«a siailar tranajftotlono 
betw«oQ tho F, J, Lewis .Manufricttirins Company and ^ytn»j Smeroon 
A Conpcmy* 

tho plt'intiff aayo that thia tranu'setlon aaouated to 
ft ohort tlao lO'sB and was thersfore ultra Tiroff the power of 
tho defendant F. J, lewla Mfiaufaeturitt„; woapany, «na thisit a« 
acainat tho plaintiff, it therefore failed to aottttlre titl© to 
the honda* 

Plaintiff ooBQedoa tha.t If th« defendant F. J. Levli 
hanufc inuring Company, i® a holder in «4u« course for value, 
plaintiff cannot reoorer* 

The eonrt Indlertted hy its rulings on propositions of 
Urn that the theory of tho court was tb^^t the tranaactlon, hy 
Aleh the bonds wore aci^uired, aiaountett to a pttrehaeei thttt tho 
iofendant oorpor-'tion, howsrer, h^d no powrer to muieo short tlat 
Uana, hut that the tr&n© .otlon was not ultra vlfOH that oor- 
por^tlMi. 

We vhlnk t}«fQnd,-»nt P. J. 2^wl« Uanuf eturlng Coa^aa^ 

•no a holder for value In due couroo (.inlth EUrd'a Ullnola 

pg^e 1765, section 72 ). 
torlaod ststutea, 192S, ohap. 93,/ and therefore, aa agstlnat 

tfco plaintiff, took a good title. ( Murray t. L&rdney . 2 Wall, 
^®» iSMSLJ* ^«3^,i&t 41 111, 4321 JMIe tc^ilf y, Arfeaor . 9a 111. 
'!*•*• *'•* pfiM oa Construction Co, rr» ForhoB . 509 111. 303.) 
i Jloreorer, plainUff Is not In privity &nd henoo a« 

((••fciaat tho defendnat F. J. iewla Sfenuf cturlng uoapeny cannot 
sP— Ite claim to the bonds an the dootrlno of ultra vlroa. 



•s- 



atOKlXIi »*t«tf'E Mi'lMiJ »»'«i!f»a- »i»5:> «t ®jirX«v -s®^ taMurt «■ «a# 
t r .S V no i ,t 9 3 < £d vl 37 ^Bg, 

iS<aiisi,»M *-* ,«r£»'£i!t««iJ> tejiR» \je« .^psfito ,«^'^^X «K»i0i».B;r :; *>»«jtr9« 



-5- 



»«...,£?^._T^.,Fg^i£j> 150 1X1. ..pp. 3431 iMricf^a„CreMiJ^ ^^r 
Ifi£MlJS&^£lt in 111, App. 177. 

Further, w think »Ui«tlff ««a««t .t ^ «,tt «^l«t^ia 
It. «ult without fimt mkimi a ^ea,^^ f^r the 1.0ii4«, of which 
lh«r« is ao proof la feh« r.cord. (v Ma ^ li. li. c^....;^,.]^, 77 

m- 513, ci.^xicjr^^_L«^, 3g J3^,. ^^^j ^^^«^«Hlvija«£. U4 

III. pp. 648.) 

?h« theory of jplalntiff li. iagam^u^ l^^t «,,,^^^ ^^^^^ 
««er th. f«ote «hlch .ppoar la thl« r.oord. J«<i««««t .in he 
•fflnrnt* 



i^itroiy, P. J,, aad Johaatoa, J.. 



ooaour# 






,v,,rf.i>i .-v ^^^"'^5®!!*:: 



ft i :\ 



.'■©.rj^ii liutffer ato.«t »ri'-»' » - 



*tii»a?f» *»^ 



; '.. .-yf.SS t » 



119 - 51S4© 



ft Co rs?© rati low,, m-4. m^tmmti mmt 



QQmt m mtaim>. 



^44 



-3?'' 



ua. ysysTica EAf^rrSTt jmLtrMmn tis t^t'isiies ©if t«s aotrnt , 

that th« dewrt y«i»«h«4 iit «»©«i«iM!»t©» tls^at tSm f.'i?* Ju««4.» #«a»wf«*0» 

•r l» not » «-h©rt t«*r&-« l»«i,* mm4 It s&galja *»«#rl» thai th« 1>rafeaa«» 
tiw* is*wta»t#d t© tueisi a. loatt ^siisA tiJsta^l, btsiisg i3^|a XkK3M ^^*** »«**• 

Xi^.^MSEkmLM&Ms:MS&S:B.»» SOI& 111. 14?; iM.»alLJL..gll4.ft^fe .i^.m-A 
^.H^ 0^. .> .., , V t ^^?^,ll,fiK , 298 111, aii; MMMmUM,I^M:XS&.»^* 
^•tor . 2?3 ill. 4i.ig» «*»■« Jfti^aijrj <sli»6|.. 

first plaae, tu* traniBiacsttaia widmv «»«(«si4«rati«WB *»» not « ssJiojrt 
U»« loan, !Ui^, iH tii« ««o0Ba pl:««, »v«b li' i% wm »wttU jfc l»sui , 
1% wa« aot (in our ©ptolou) jiJj^ j^jr^t ta# (S©rp.tnvaii»», 

Tijti trial wurt «»«elsl©«a.ly k*l4 *hais *fe« ir«»A«tl0ii 
1« whl«h 4»f«n,.!j4i;?t toi&k lfe» l?,o«if.ii w«Mi net a l©«m. 

U«««««« lfinojit«« th«» li5t«Rtloii of y»» j»«irtl.*« ttaat th« tran«*«tife« 
ifc»<a« bt la %h« a(it«r« of « «,ti« with « e^mmmt tkat tot ««li«a. 
■itht wUhlB 1^ given ti«« th«r«*(*j"t»r. ..t tu^ ©ptloK of Ui« ir»ft4«e. 
iW«i>««« th« toooa. .li «,, *dv«a»««d pri««, but tii« ^ur«.ha««s- ad «e^ 



S^fHU 



i .% ,\ 



-•«<»«: ^iii^ SJLt.^JL i^Mi U'^^^^^ ^■'■'•' - • '' ''i- -'jC. « rf«*f« Oi iiwi'iteJiWEa «»i# 






^t .«.{»# iii ti, mf% . '•'•'^ *^^* 

■*i«# IMOUX fiJilifcl («0i.i :■ ««) >«a ««w jTl 



fc 



pun-y had eurulut J'wilii. 0*5 5ta*i^ wfeieti is wl»ii«4 to in-rtui J"er » 
•to0rt tl*ia -- UAirty or wixty tioy* — im.4 thXn was th® raiM»efa ^iajr 
thty »«^r« wll).i«c to imt tH^ te«»-^« 6» tk« tSiirty-fSs^y r©>"t»r«5fi»»« 
»gr««m«»t. ii« alto t«»tili'l®4 Ui«t tk« «wH8»|!i«iy h&A witt a nwslber 

§Tld«ne« is «ontrftdl'St(»x-y of <%84 ljEit<ie>»»i«t<sin& wiUt thd irrJlti«B 
•▼ld.«fte« aed e:©«©,J>^»lv<»ly «f»i5t3r»4let« it, t» d«j net iftlttiir m» 
Ttee flx5(Mng of th«t trial ocart l« "Rnttfel*!!* t«j the ai«^ w#igfet «ui 
th« rtivilct of a itary, isBd! w« eannot »my thsstt tt» flKllmg in ttoil« 

But ©▼#« If «« eoul^ft flii»4 (®<5«trary ?i« th^ trimt: 
oeurt) that the tr?ii'-»actior« Ib j|rs«.»ti<^K »»,» n Io«m, •»r« li© jaet tfeluls 
it voul'i tn* liMra Ylrfeg. th« jv®»«r» of lht» »rj>eit&ti©0, ox tkat 

plie%clft, 

tJie diBfeBfJ«,K,t ^..isu..wf aeturiag m^mpatif, toe reeerd atiiows, 

•hftrtftr, AS 9s»isnd#il, It »*• ^tT«B aatiyjrlty "f© «iajgt*go Ik axiy oth«r 
»«auf<*€tijrittg, nluini;, eoB8truoti©« or trail »p«rt at lo» 'h-uaiti^n* of 
■ay klud ©r oJuirw^twr «?Ht«t»ocY«p, an?! to thsit «mi to ao<|ulr«, hoi4, 
own watj <?l8:P0iB* ©4* ««4y smri! all i>rop«rty, «.»«*t«, otooko, 'too&4« o»i4i 
rijghts of ajiy kln^t," 

It Is «l*BJCf4t«!«ry th»t in asi'litlen to ftxwrooo poworo 
•von tod "by charter fce * eoJTSO ration, it «sltto h!«« swtth iwi'Oli***. pow» 
oro mo uro noooooory to thff ouootiiiott of tJi«» piorore e2?i>rei9«ly 
CrMtodI, 

DiO potiUon for roueaurlitiE pointo out tiiat ti4« easoo 



^l«tlni'«d,»h lb*»tw«ein nn »0t ja|.j£§ .llHil *Hi«$si i« umisiXy itm .%%«»« ®f 
••»« eer^ratt .^wn^ir im^ aR m«i which aii3a«>">j«$t«r ts ia«i ill»t«i|. iJiinS 
▼oil* ft«(B;«spti0ii of a |»0'rij' '«*M«l'i Iha e^rterMtei 4©®«. 41© i h%'r<g, 
2^l« 09«rt l» not ttiav%w<.*r« ©f to.a« dls5tia«9!%t«ja lies' ©f t*a«! difficulty 
«f M^pl^lKk^i it in p»ij>U«$\tlaur eM»^»» 

thAt it van otiljT (US «ba»« ef <£#x-p(»rj$»'i.« p&*nsT^ • rti>t $!uq Illegal m^^ 
ymii a«-r,ssa^tl0is of la j>©w«r that ut« «s©rp4»r<fcti»tt 'li»i U9% k»Ta i»t 



*?4S *i;A?<? - 'Xl^T -S. 



t;sri,if4> 









154 - .n««4 



•nil BSfBOIK a.^BlR, 



SHKOB TO UmiCWM^ COIjBT 
01? CHICAGO. 



W b 



UK. .TUSTieiS MATCfiBTT Tr3Sl.lVilHi«1? ;I1fS OFII^I^I* OF WW. mmf, 

By thie writ of «rror th« <SerejR.'1ar*t» te th« t2>i«]l 
c©ttrt «»*« to ri»Tera© a judt^atsnt far the mm of |231S,45, ent^r*^ 
tt]»e» th« ftnai»|E j»r the eoart, 

Xhe plftlntlffa i»ii«4 upon iiixt«on pr'&wiumTf mnd 

ylAintiffo OB Ki^r ^4, l^.llt. <7tt<lciBi«nt liy oonfo^sloia having boon 
•nt»r«i»J, thffl -l^f »R',5«Mit» mMm & m&timn to e«t it aside, »«pt«»rt«<l, 
\f ih«ir affiditvita, trhlon vnvn 9u'b&timiii^lXy •l&klXtsjr, oottlsg 
tti» tb« ^tofene^o of 'wtmt of donei^! oration i»n4 th»t tho oxocritlen 
oofl 4ollr«jry of th« n©t«« v«t« ofetalJii«i<! through fr«u?l j>r«etioo4 
noon thoiK Vy ths* nlaintiffo. Thoi*o wae o. trial ap^n th« morito 
OB') Svt^&tmtt oo tut&ted* 

Th« «Ti4orji»«8 ti»n?Si»^ to oliow that th« plssintlff o«» 
imrtKero wer® 4«al«ro In fwtn; that d«feifi!<SaHt Saa 6«r'fe«r wm-e wn- 
gstfod in tho 1»u«ln««e of maBtti'iottirlng warring tkppnxfiX from thoeo 
fitro; that ho ourohaaod fur* r»a'l aicino from Urn pliAi«itiiT u|M>ii on 
op«a «eor<tflit, «aii<t! that ujt^o ooiltion of i>lair<tiffo tm^ oihor 
oroitltoro* he «ao brougkt into tho bt^jaltrupioy oourt upon a ]>r»yor 
that ho ohoolit 1»o aA4u(ti(«4 a biUikru|>ti that « Goei|>o»ltlon of hio 
oroitltoro wao agro^^a upon, «hei-ol?y i^o or«<<ltoro siocoptod aot«o for 
tv«nty*fiTO )p«r c«nt of tlioir elaisso, and puroutint to tho torso of 
tliat oo«|»9«iltion tho plii^lntiffo aeeopt^i! tho not#fl of Stwx a»r1»er, 



MSie 



'■'^mMfK 



•Jiw*("*;; 






*»*.■ '.«**« irt ■■(.X ft»Jt»| 



I«idor« Garner an^ :B««9l« §ar'b#r, <ll»te<l Fe'ternm.T'y ?5, 19 S^, 4ttt in 
tea iw»i*th» rroMs dAte, for thi* a^aii of I4S9.31. 

Llr.colB »v«nu«, ■iiilea.iio, «fli«r« th«ir bu»i»«»8 ■»»« ©©tsj|uct«&A, 
X*«tt»ttni' lHdicat«6 ihut Ui« a«fefid«uit« *tre all foreiga«r« fey 
MrVo; th^t iha:; sp^sk th* Yt^Minh l»nsMftg»j that B«ffl»i« a&rbesr 
at th» tiaw ef th« Aotlo^ h.a<i 1b«@b i« tJit» eQuntr:/ fewr years, 
Isidor* thirte«R year», ^n.tl San sl0<s« Ciiriistm»»» 1^13. 

*heir «vl*1»a@« t««j4» i© ««(stiiiij in taXl its <S«t.9ilB the 
•.llegsntioRB of th^lT ©^T^rsA affidavit* that oa Mmy M ^ l©St, «^«ii 
th« net«» «ia«4 or ««r« «x«ettt«!d.., 14 fi»i'j^«ir, «»n<» ©f th« ipilfti/stiffsi, 
w«nt to thii hoM5« of tho 4«f«»rid*ur*ts, Saa® sm4 B«»«i« ilarteer 'being 
|ire««nt, and liafearmw^^ thees %H&t thiere ^s*l» dlff lenity In lr®«i;?»it5g th« 
•T«rfitor» in t)4« banlortipttty i>reo«®<3iBgB in 11b* witJi refwrene* tn 
thn eos^ponltloR &^T9m&miti t>mt th« ef^diler* <l««tr«i(S a »#tm5f«t« 
•««'««B9e»t to b« aigioe-ii fey (t«f«!«'4ant»j that, if d^t'ttnAwit* would o«t 
•Iga th«M 9«parat« e^grsemftiiise, tjlae crisditerB -would J'll« a p»ti» 
tioA te »«»t a»l4« tto.» e«3s?»6»ltlott smU «h&rg« defewdsuit S«as <iarlt>*» 
with Tiolatlei'i of tJftii BattJcrui>toy !4«t; that ht, !iiss9i ©arTeey, 'rotild 
V« tB!jiot«(i an<9 erl»itBaa.ly proeeeutod; mat Topper J'urtfct,«r ©fiid 
that h« veaXd :i^r«DArfl the »^3r«-«ssent« if they i»ouli1 «3r«e«t« th<^ 
••»«! that Top!?«r r«turn«d ttft^v »«veriftl 'lay» witfc «, ntiiailser of 
th«»« papyri, -s^iieli ho eall«d skgre«i3f«fot«» bwt vnleh ir«r« t» f»ct 
th»»« juilg»«nt ttotmas that th« <5«fe«'t;s«t8 dii! not know that th« 
§«■• v«rw jul#!i»fi»t B«t«t «ndl did n»t Icnov that th«y w«r« to ha 
•at««ut«i« in natisf action of tha ola^» of |>lAiKtiffi, imd that th«y 
•x«e\4t«i? the not!** iffl4*r th« mi«aipi»r*'h*n»io» that th<? jisiEua w«r« 
th»»« «Mr««^«nt«« 

Ojjposftci to tM« Ib thft «vl4»ne« of th« *>X«klntiff» to WM 
•ff«et that Saa Qa^rbftr agetin apTJllM to thwea for or«;Ut in th« ]p«r« 






■•vi'J|jfc»ii *:v.-:-.- 



■'ft* 






■!» 






■ ^v ^ ft ; 



r . .1 4^ .m Wit ...i'.: . tr, i ■f' I ;i f- , 



t^^nxt^ 



i»tlffSt'^X-^J 












■'^■tn'ifkrf ' 



<^i.{{S 



^«fm' 



«ha** of goodt, iuil that tuty rsfuised to jsive suoh cxisdit \mX^»» 
th« f»th*r, »soth«r a«<i von ^€nil4 execut® ih»«« nfttesj fck»t th« 

law Ri)3iXie»^l«, lith*r th« ftgre«»@at to glir« ©res^tt, e* tk© 

•ufflolent c©n8l!l*irji,tto» for th«» ««x«eritl«R tm^ ^tXl'mry «f,....4iwt ** 

B«w note*, If tbi} sssme -*r«r« iv f>\-ct «xtift-utfc«< for that re-msew, 

rin^inte of the court that tlie Bc»t«» were «o executed iWd ^«Ily®r*d 
«s4 tJi*t th« »auK# wer» net ofet»ln«d by fr&ua»il«nt reprtatfitatient, 
is a£;«.iust th« mimif^fft »<»igltt of th« QYltlf^iJC*. 

th« t%sk @r iist. Ji|ip<$Xlia,t« c€turt i«i r«vl«wl£ig a rcooxd 
•her* th» *itc«»a«i wit© t«s«tiri«iia lijr© not entirely faffilXtiO' with, 
th« Snglleh lancumgs. Is pftcaliarly dlffleiili. In 8«ca cat*, the 
trial oeurt haa » »ore thars ornticajry ai3ir»Kta«« in w^it^hlng th« 
teftlwoRy, 

Th* <rrid««Q« litrt 1» o0Kflt«tlng, It is aX^tsx that on* 
«r th«k ©th»r gre-ttp of wttKe*fl«i -lows not rtlut* the f.jots? me th«y 
aro. 

Tho racftrd i&^lcate*, boff^feir, that th« '?fff«m!S«»t S«« 
*arls«r 1« not ^lolly tl<»fi©l«nt in hi* kj^towl«<lg# ©f th« Snfilteh 
l«ne«as«; that h« was aecustoMed in dealittg with iilaintlffo t« 
•x«««t« ti-ado aecoptaneoii ««<* no too, an<3 tiiat h« ovlAantly un-ler- 
•too4 the oharaotor of ouah Inatr'-tK^nta. W« fln^ it difficult to 
^•liOTO th« story of %h9 daf «ndante to the tiffoot that thaao netoa 
w«ro «x«eat«d in hl« prattmicim^ thay 1»«ll»Ting tJiat th« •«»« wora 
■ot aot«s "bwt agro«a-a*ito with r«fi»r«ne# to tJa« bnnkrtjptey nattor, 
v^iiah ha4 apparently ¥««n sottlad several aontha prior to th« 
txooution of th« Rot«a. ?h» taotlnany of tfaa dafandantt la thia 



»«8*' ;Tiai£5ii»i:34^ ai »!,»;? t;;«vfc(!s "(jTu.jJv ilit© aA/f,i^ !*..trf *T«>$» /.^slij 

«;A!.d; .,+.*2'' 5!«*ji<*il>,«i htm- 

»r!^? p.: /^iU«'s«8J X«t«>V«»» 'awX*^** a>»{^ %lSim'Ui^m %ati rf«W 



r«iir)«ot l8 not p«frsi'j[«iei'«'«. 

The «Kooi;itT«<Uot04 1%'^ct thi*t mx th« -imy ^^ift^r feinj 

d«f«n<^ainls upon m4me<rar>diiiSi aL^rtt9&eu%» , t«n4B &@ oox>rt>'teoi'e,t«' ih.« 
t#«tlffiorjj of th« pl;ii*»tilff», wkleh la i» ,^s;tlr««t confliet with th« 

th« teur{l«»^x of pr«©i' wm« «/|.»k tJa«j 4efMi4«it». The 
fln;U«g ©f the souxt is »n*;itl«d %.q xh^ »im* weight in thi® eourt 
a» tli© vartU ot of a jary wauid hav«, 'imd we have no rl^^iit t» »«t 
th« riH'^ln^^ aal<!« ualessci it la s^%i»ist tM« m«nif«nt ;^r«t;.>&n4«r$tm(»t 
of t'fis* pvldff.ec, '^e cswmdt on iJilsi reeord 00 J'ifid, soid t,ii« ju4u» 
ik«nt el' th« trial a«urt !» t<a«iir«ror« afflriaii^. 



lu " nnB 



VIKA JkfJiiBT, 



Ap'99ll<>«, 



"»», 



JOHK S. OHElsm^'S^', Doing 
Afl^CY mv LOAH CO. , m^ U^^^ 



APJPKAI. /MOM MIFfclCnP^L uOtlKT 

j 244 U «37' 



jm, ^msTid igATcmrt m%ivi«iT) rm em^.mn ©f tti^ co'ijrt. 



Ik h«ty iMf'.®«il«^ utatcKstnt ©f ©lata plaintiff iRT©ry«i4 
that »y»« *5»t*a"«<J itJte a eontract with tli« d«J'®ii<$»ifit Mary Catherine 
larratt for th« ptir«ha»« of e«rtaiB rfl«»i «»t»t«j that Bai4 BArr«tt 
h«14 title only In trust, for the M»e ©f d«f«in'1i*i«t .J«b» ?., ChTinstim* 
ten, mh9 WAS Uii» r«al oim^ir ol' ti'iiS 'pr«re.>si0«ii mxd wlm rnisteirttA nil the 
«oi3iSlder«itlo» a»a l3(u.')«fittt ol' tiiii» ooiitra«>t; further, that slie paid 
4tf«rjd«£it« under tu« ocntraet the total e es of |S030, t;ut that 4e« 
fenifante faile*! to oarry out ti^»« eoatraot In iieoord«*ie« with itt 
ter»e; tltut ahe therefore i!!«sK».an!lttd the tnpvtym'mt of the eune ad« 
▼anoed fey Her under th«» eontrftot. 

The effi^^eTlt of rawrlte a«!ssitt«'? the oxeoutiozt of the 
eontreot on Oeto1>er 5, lS5?a, 'but 4m-4«»-'l th%t KetTf Oath»riwe Barrett 
kel-l title to the ■proi»e'rty In t.r«»t t*or thffi ua« suwl l>eriei*it of '*«?• 
feri'^Bnt ChriBt«>r<«en, wi*| <leRt*»'1 that i<ef«'.-1a«t Chriaten*** wee the 
e*B«r or the oJ^^f^i"'" or that he rea«lv«fl thft oontti':1ffr«tloo tmS. 
1»«ini»l'lt« of the oontraet or ha4 any Intereet ^latwoerer in the 
frop«rty mentioned in trie eontract. 

the trial «»e by th«» court, ^ith l*ln(!ln«( for the 
ylaljQtiff oBdi Jufl«gue«t against hoth defen^iante. 

It ie ai9p%r<Hit from thia atAtemont of tii<i eaae that 



9^'i 






s:k< 



,tAM m)It8t;T. 









'•.:i--« «iH;r '! •; jrt'^*.'^! 









...... >-.i3il*'X»l>iS*< 






,l!>4'«*f»iSli'5t«>: 



..^iiKJ 



^ake-x^i^civ 



proof that John B, Qiiri«t<$ni»«R li» l*Bii,«t 9*R«^'! th» »^r©9i®rty »«,« 
ii«o«Beary ir. nr^.mr to flr*tltl» th» »X«i»tlff to r<»0ov«r aijaljaet him, 

The i>la!«tlff h«s not ao©***ir»4 Iw fhl® <»yfip% t«> suf* 
Iport th# ^u^i^tK**?*, nrs^ th« dl«f «r'.d'»?jito«<3»'«Tt that thsrfs Is no 
prooJ* 1r tH» r<foor^ ©f this *»B»#ntlal fs^ot, 

^# hav* ^xflKilBed th« abetrmet, "t'hiish nr«f«ia»mbly it 
•erroot, sknd f»ll to rin4 any »«ch ®vt>1«M««» fhe> ftelijcm l»:S(,0LOd 
on « ««ro £ue«» oar.net wtaussj, aiarl for th«s r«»a»oB« lJR4.ioa''.«n?. tha 



li«Sur«ly, P, J,, aR4 John at on » J,, eoiia»r. 



; t-'-.'iA ',H J •■,• ^. .■. .iJ.v 






?A»>M(*t«»^ «iai?a»» mH-i kmi k^nttf-r^t ** ^s^- 



ims- t!-CSt :^'.'^^. 



i-X»« 



S»S - 3192S 






fflAS8-"'iCEBlTCI-: 4 ex.*. , % Co r-^sr at 



I 

) 

low, ) 



2^44 I.A. 638' 



'Ito« uiftlBtll'ft, i»tiO afpaai, su«d for t:ia« purohAtt |»ri«« 

cf SB«,SOO f««t tl* pi»« l0ig« «oJ4,, AH H.li««i:«t!l, to d«l*«B<laBt fc-r 
the prl<:« of n»oio. 

'Sfee affl<fl«tvlt <?f merite «l»iil<?d that dflf#«4ft»t w»« i«- 
d«tit#d ft« sllegiftia; «iv«»rr«iS t&at t^»s aHeg«<l cSBtraet ©J* ®sl« ■wao for 

St«t« ©f Iftt»i(Sil<w« (wh«y« the tipan»ft®t4»« t««i|f pIsuMi) eonc»rnlJBig 
t":» «iy. « ©J* tsTO(By».tel«», «til i juidi vel?l, ^fc^jjiBft net Ib *ritij3ipt, 

▼er41ot Tor a®fi»r.d*rtt, fh« s^otion of jjXstiatiffi i'pv % n«rw trial vac 
•T«r-ral«4 .smti thi»r« «-j*» jxj^^jpswnti on taw v»riilet, 

*t will not »a ri«sc«s«»Ty t© 4i«oue» at Iwugtii som* of 
iHo iiointc arfcued, 51i« pl«iiiiti ilo cofakpinlu About the l«Btr\jctlon8, 
tu\ ftt th««« wwrft given orally wad no obj taction Ksadu or «xe«ptioii 
takwi t© acy ^f th«M, pXilatir^a art orffoiuAsd fro« jaaintalnlng 
th»t point in this court, 

tiin X-oaiai^Miia. «t*t;«t« eenaornlntg th'*! »«!« of in. 
I||<ra1»l4is la ti etaiuta acaXogous to our iittituta of frauaa. It la 
■at, va t}3iiii£, as>t»Ucatia for the r^aoou that iii« oontraet h«ra au^d 
•■ HkiB ^ft«n rally «s«aut«a by U^a deiivoxy oi' tii« tijabero U»<s«r aueh 
• •tatttia to 4any the titno^nry of th« purohriaft i^rloa on tfc^ groand 
that th* contraet waa not in -^ri^^liig, *oui'J maiml to p«r»ittlng 









.i/M. 






:l 3 






- ■ a©» ««f* ^«J 



th« 8t»ii»t« l0 fca ttsft^ fj,« *i:< ijmti-ai,«i,«»it of fr^urt, liii© would lb« 
•quiral«iit to a lle^nse^ for cotcmfirclaX |»lr.iiey. &vi9h m. »tistt«it« 
•annttt b« th«a U8#4. 

Th« «©«trolliii.. <|u«etloii In tfte ea««, l» ewr ©r^inloa, 
ip i?ls«t.h«r th« v^rftlst amA ji«f!^«nt ikre ulwarly and mianireetly 

Th«v f?nl'^«rto« in thflt r^eor-l t«ri-1i» to eh©w thmt prior t© 

iM^rs^tte^n or^sjnljeaa tin<9«r tJiw 3 «iws of tto« ^otnlon of C*r;8Mlai, &p^r$kt«^ 

t. •ci's.12 aawrill at PTovuncal in tUe «t*it.(* of LoulBana. D»f«n^«Bt, 
Starji-Jicsfettok 1% C0np««y, at the bi«S''? tiaie ;5e»4ftg btt8l»ff«» anflsr th« 

dlfitrlbutiziii: l*4K.lt*»T plant at 3i&tttk &s«i«l"l«l<J, i.&u.l«!iim» vyhieti waa 
About fifty r41«« «%Bt «f Frov«aeal, It ula© op0rmi«4 a 8ftws»lli At 
6ran^1«Mti«« iaoulsawa, whioh wae aWut iii.r««. ialX«!t@ froisi &©«tti Maiis- 
floia. Def eudaiit ]a«id teee« 'loifig 'bu«£i5««» itt that locality for »any 

ynwM. 

in J«jrjx»,?iry, lSl.,;i, ^. A, 0* Sullivan feocaaae jRaR^^ger ©f tho 
Roooaimry Plnps l.i»ab«r felll«! jsad contlnu^'J to aet &» wwofe msaiagisr 
wtil X>«ceEib«(r 1, l^lP, lis pr^^^oeaiBor wjms ©uft Coliae>^ja. 

Th.9 ipl*intiffo, w««T«y Sr<sthftr», ovRsd tl»l3«r latnd* iw 
▼arteui? i^nrtB cS tho etsto and hH«l itn offS.©* »t SUway'st-ic rt , J-ouiasinm; 
B. )?• '*»»▼(?.? was in c;iarg!i of this offlo©, TH#j h%»<1i, imo i^.i ■-»:? off tea 
•t Fl6r«, Louloaria, vftion vao »bowt tw© mil^o frcR ProT«%n««l; pl%in* 
tiff T, X, *e»ir«]r ^»»8 in oh»r|i« ©f that offlco. 

Prior to J<inuary 1, 191'*J, Wtavar hroihsv^ wi tl-io Roaomary 
Mil* Lui*«r*;l,Ua i««lt with ««.t:i otfier Mi-t had JKatiiia ao«eur.ta. 

On or laboMt Jtmuiry 1. 191^, tho fc««Kinn«n i.taiife«r A ?ola 
Co-ppMjy ^oooM riis^oi>*lly mbfurrAonod. It ow«4 altogotSiisr atout 
♦12,000 ar 113.000, #7,ooo or #e,«eo of i»u1ca ««» ^mo to dar««e«nt, 
^••leary |»in« hm:bw fcilXa. lli^ ^•f««<!Mit isina ,^4? Ii«ld a first 
••»t«*g© on tha aiill and a aaoond MortfeaKO on th<» temia of the 



fis.f t».»" i. ii'ffl M .•■'i'si'K ,•.;.- -s ."« "^ i^ <^ f {» r ;■-.■'*■«; V A ):««,.'• "»■«'!■ .k /■. . vrti- -i ?■ -C is- .-. •* 4 'liwt 

, , n8i»!3 jl. .few-flail's:, ■ ■ ■-»*'* t^* 



party h«ld m flret -^^ortgaij,* od the fce«»-;p t» •«e«re a claim ©f llfiSO. 

th* i'aftKlm.im I-twt'btr * Fi>l« Comfmny, toy 3«ut2aoTtty «!* it« l»rjRrf3 of 
4i]p«i!itoT», «nt«re'i into at trtiut sigr«®Bi«arit *ltJ*A F, a, o^Sltal'livius mi 
tjni«t#«. 'i^h* SMjr««9^«Rt w».« i» "«Tltiwg am^f peeiHed th« 111 h#i!iilth «f 
th# fli«»»i»a«y*>s ssi%n«ij;j«r wi4. th« .4«f>^t8 whleh w**!-*? My.^ jsk-I |ijp«99inir for 
l»«^*Jit; thst fhff rtsowyetii ®f thg» sotainany wfur*? »«eK tl?,at » «»i.icc«»«i- 
fttl «in»riitJor.! of ih* ,«il.l iwomIpI pay all -'^'bta; ttm*. n f©i*<s«leiBwr« 

R««tf .aus'i trxrn<*a nv«r a«a 'inllv^rnd t© Jsim «i.ll th« property .ui«4 C9n» 

Ui« erni* fftr %h» hdinm'it ot tto«i J»al4 ooJBfjany, ^»*'l t© a**.ke sueh -^ay* 
••Rte to th# oi^'S^.l +,© rs 6J' th»» ».ai'\ ao*&f«iny from th« funia® *ri«i»g 
tt»m the e!»«tra.ti»^ aft^r i>«,:««nt oi tii« so«t« ^i«4 «xi»«ii»e« of &|i«ra* 
tl «n . • 

thu &gr«^ft!.«nt furtji«r rttelted that tht E«ftem«try Fin* 
Lvmk>«T UlXln vohX^, »^Vtt»o« t.h« l.a«lliisKO» ii'«)Ois'b«»r fe ^ol# COjadTpsstty |2^ 
In o-^Bh; that 0*Stilliyii» tiR'-leytook the agency, »lt>» t*Al thu i0««?i(»r» 
tf r-ife-^l-vtr; thjir. b* un'?»jrtook t© ©fctstiiJ th« ocr*»w*t »f >a.ll ertdi- 
t«r«; nhat all fAe bttil^ing* at tke asill w«*» ti<? It?.** ■(;»«???,*»;?. <&v«r t© 
hl«; that h« fhouX*^ r«R4<*r aowthly ntisti.mi^.intm %& A. ^. «<i8l£ln«i©ii; 
that all tbi» propftrty, bc-;k8, eontrs^ets, ists,., shoml';! '*:■•> turwa^ ©▼«? 
to aiai' t>»at if 0*8wlllT«a H'&ttvl^ %8«i^rtaln that, tka IsJaicliBimn l*MKl5#f 
* ?■»!* Compivns' ¥ii:.l j>l»mt ©oul-^ not !)« 0|>#ra^«9<! ti.f» « r»r,->fit, ht 
■iaat, vtpfm tfeti 4ay» vritten no^io#, e«ii©«l jiynd rxeiwata hlise^lf 
frftji -ill ofeligtxtteno «n«S take «uoh, ttt«|»!s %« aiijjht Ix* sai»©«fBi»i«ry to 
preto'jt th(!« Rc»8«2>iiry Pino JUtjalstsr Mlll«* in4eVt<i43i»««, ^Ithwr by 
foroaiissur* ar cti>errijj«. 

Zt i« «atpr«fi«ly 8'&»te<^ th%.i thu ii^Tn«smnnt w»o 4«<r>«>K(i» 
ablo uD«rt the eonaont of Uio oradltoro; Xhmt i% ohould axiot until 






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the *«Vt» w«r« |»ai4 etf, either "by 6p«y».t,S*R $f t^t* Br«i|>«irt7 «*■* 
1iroTi'1»<l, or "by paymi^rt of th» loltt® ©f tM«t Raie&iRftoBi <5«m|>'!my. 

Th# e»n«fflnt of Us,* er**.:U t©?t, (^f -wheiB plskirftlff* «»r« 

tlor. «i' t.h# plai^-t. PlrtliUlff* •S'urR'?*^ a tract ef tijetyer land of 

thttfi r&« otfeftj" tljkt»or ownKF/d "by tke iK.&o**lia.«0»i it-uss^jit^y # J*C'1,# CoaitJ^By, 
Msd while CJ»iittIiiv8ua wan tViu» op^ratiBfe th« Siill Ue Ix^gaEB negotl!*- 
tieu« with plautitffa Tor Ui« ]^tt.re.h.a«e ati,? autUai; ai" tjaie tiiabar, 

dl«jm«t*^1 flw".?^. aoatS'oillBg <^<u«i»tion of f^et in %h^ Ofjtse la ishsthwr 
0*3uJllivsin f.ux'oli«t«©d the tSEili*?? froja plaliUiffs iu behalf ©f the 
B«»«j»tiury i?lr*« Lta».lb0y i^lXlo, &q iplftiatiffs matmx^ H« <!l^, or 

?iaifltl2Y §♦ P. W«iikv«r t^atlJ'lfii^ tJmt Ik th© «fiur»«i of 
the** a«get'l&ti&!)» hm explaisi*i'1 t» O^SuXXiTJan t'b.»t tilsintiffa e&uli 
i»«i fcffor'?. to Bell thsir t,lm*b«y to tfeis Ls3i«Klmi«si jL««itwr * FoXft c««i- 
l^way oifi *c«ytt«t af itia ri-n>5*i<?lal co«^ilt©B, but thwt, th«y wgul-l 
MIX t,h# tlttb'TX- 4.0 thft K«8eei.ary l''ln« i.»i»fc'«fr Mlila; that O'fe^liivwa 
•c agreed to purehaa© It, ;vi» ♦- thfit d«fftiuiiwit» thereforu pwn&.itted 
Mr. fee go ahftftd mad out tb« ti«E.b#r, J.#aving th« matter «etlr*l3r 

PlitiBtifJ' T. lo, ll?»aY«r aX»o t««tlfl«d ^.at he tolA 
0*S\il).lva« h* o«!u]l,4 not «©11 th« tlmlsttr to tJae ^taoMm^ow L-apihmr & 
*«!• C4«i|i*s»y on aaaugnt of th«ir finncaolAl eondtltlonj tliat at » 
X*ter ti«i« 0*3alllvan Oiieaa tiaax mr-I t<jl1 V.lss taat h« h>»^ wad* 
ftntui|;«»«Rt« to buy tsu tiBib«r i'or fch»» ««aoMnt ©f tha Ila«*iaary 
'!«• X.iw'b»»r ^llla; that th«-/ agr«js^. tc »«1> hljt tJtt iisEe»r to be 
•W4 for }»« cut, and thmt O'SuHiiran imreed to pay for it at the 
«»* »f «a.eh month; th»it ulalntifft «Jia net earry the aeoounte on 









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th« "beokoj that tfeftj-e w?4« jsothin^, t© e^stxty €>rt tii^i bi>.ftk« «mil|, 0*Sial5'.l« 
▼«S out tiae ttial»»f.r and turiiiKd la tJB.« a«»i»it; tkat ^en thig ^tKeffli 
talketdi with 0*S«IlivaB about ps^ylng j>l»i«si^iffB for tJi* r«ri!«iB4«r 
of the timl)«;r, 0'8iilllv«X3 ialdi h© ^eul4 teiit tJft.at tJi« Komsistry 
Pin* l.uiiti«r Mills «i«Ml ttn &aaou«st <^s&i2}«t '^(s^vAr Br@ti3.#ri», wHi-sih h« 
w*it*t«»« t© g#t »ii;rttigh.*««edi ©ut te«fsr« he 8«at a olutefe fisr £Jie 
ti«b«r. 

Anofh^T wttReut, *!it<4 was tJ3« beoltka«3*r of «>lalKtlff 
at nor* at th» timv in fsu^'itton, taisiifidisfl %k»t iSit «?»« firetwrit i«t 
OB tli# iay ©*SwlllTan e«t?;,'.e to ^lor* «««! »a4« .afy«UBg«meriit© witJi 
^«a,T«r for th« tisBTatr, iliin witjri*s» tayis tJistt at th« i»n<l cf th« 
tulV with T, t, *08iv«r h« «(k«k<?<! O'Siallivan If th» H©ii0«ary PiR« 
L^nbitr lillla »*» to |ji%y for th» tls:TB#r, to whldbi o'SulllvsaB r©- 
»li«<l, *te«,* aani4 that Kr, %^«»ver to3L«5 him that woull b« tJi« cualy 
wa^r h« -»<r?ul4 ha^iln the aeeoont, 

Ob© H. », a»ea# t«f«tlfiea that h^ *»« or«{!lt ai«a for 
th« flaiotiffs at th« timer in ;|u#stidh and said that h«? wat in tha 
offiea ^turing th# ti«« th« e&ttar waa diacuseed; that th@ dl«al wag 
Miada with 0'3iailiTs» ae msoi-^nr of th« fto8«»<«ary ^lii9 .Ltsaber Hilla.- 

I'rank U, Ceok t«atlflt4 that he waet to i;aw8fi«14 in 
tha tuBusar «md fall ©f 1920, Ik oaiajjany with A. W. KaeKirmete; that 
h« want at th« r»qu«»t of tha Contin^Btftl Bsak & Trttat Gwsspaiay of 
»u*aw#T*ort, louleaca, to oaa F, A, 0*S«lli"fsm, who w^ji then aetinu 
ao trtj«t»«; that th« hank hai tantatlvwly agr««ft to 1»b4 Saol<.iKJt3oa 
»an#y ♦,© take 199 tha Borti?i9^« ind*»bt«><!R«isi» ©f th« Ma^^iapoisi l.ii»h«r 
* Polo Coasj>fmy; that th#y n«t O'Sulli-vaw iB Mw«fleia} that 0*3111- 
liwoB tol4 hlrt that h» woul^ not jjermlt th«* i>rsp«rt:f to he takoa 
oat of hlB hfjjnda unl^ea both the »ortga#;«, lift.S*'tte^lG««»9 i.uft to tho 
H©t««ary jPi«« l.\fiab«r 4»ili« anfi th« ilm^»r aeeeuDt of Waawor 
Srothora ware oald, for th« r«aaon that tha go««m>Ar]r i*in« i-uab^J* 
kilit wa» r«openoll)l««> for this luBbar a«eeux)t; that h*» wc«ld 
•ithw h»v« to bo »aid, or teat Waaror Brother* wouli h«v« to 



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T«llffir« the HoaftKiury l»in«( LtBsb^jp mile Qf sMsy r«»»i3C»iJ8l^iltty, 

S«ftr«»Ho i^buclr & Oeisiisany, ha4 giT«B hlsa t'> undej^Bt^itfi^ that th* 

that C5*Sul.ilir«n Jasid ^tat'idl t« hla that S**r»»K«>»Tentt0k «il- Gminravy w»a 
rttpoti»lbX« t© w«»irer Brothers ror fehiis tijffife®r. 

this tofttifiaony ©f fcmdtiimoa wa» 4«bI$«1 liy feette Ciln« 
ftBd 0'SulllT*n, rm4 Ur, 0»SuXlivaR teatll'ti»d in .l«i»ll 4«iylng 
th.« coBveroittlea* teatlflad to by tMe tw© 'W«aTi»r«, tey iSrneet i<ttelcy 

?ht i»l»in tiffs i»i-r5oubt«!4ly prottu@«4 th;« larger avml>«r 
of wiu-»ea6«« -wLmse icstlitooray t««<l».!j t© »ni»t*.lo thttir a«}nt«ntleii as 
te th« ul tibial© QT»««iioB ef fft«t, Imt ir« Siavm of tarn aai*! tJiat la 
flutemieiRlng «^#tls«r a v«sr?Uet is JMgaiiiat lh« ■w^tigiit ©f th» «▼!« 
(!•&«•, it in tlift duty ©f Uiis (2o\»rt- t« wetgn. th« irviddna« r^thnr 
tH»n count It. 

?l.*iB%iff« mnt<m4 that It 1» tafiirsftsormfel^ to sui>r»e0« 
thAt th«»y would h*ir# »ol4 thiu lijas'bfflr to a ik^'^rty who was knotm. to 
to« flnsoFJei^lly *«g'.\5srr« 8 »«■!», t^ftsr^ 1« »«K>-»thlag of »«rlt to ihli 
content ioR, ."but th« ««lght te T5>o gi»«n tft It if l«i8»»»ii«d v*»ry mi«^ 
wJioii w» r«fleot that th» %£r«e85«nt ifc|>|>?ur«rttly w«,» that tijt« timbwr 
*ouXt3 V» paid for nentUly; that ylainliffs h«*d ««eh r#a«©n to 
b<»ll«ifo tl'iftt tJio tr«8t««»aiilp of 0»Bttlliif»n ♦otal'! remevo all flat*nci«l 
•m1&»rr»««a«nt; of th« *ft«4>.lnii©n Luaab^-r 4 i*©le Coai^isRyj sani sk» tiio de- 
f«Btf«Bt points ottt, it 1» aliso qulto diffloult to aRslorstaad iKl-igf, 
Wiisr th« olrciimataricoo tm-i ^nitAlm holding Rort^ia^j-^R -whlidi woaldi 
%»*• p9rmX%ttfi it to feroelofi* «Bd t«k# ovor %U^ whol« bviil»««», 
■•fondwit ehoal^! twfifsrtako to aoeiaao and IrouT resnonisl'bllity for 
itbto «hl<ax iflwrht ari«« fro« ruariint; tho bu8ln««» of tho Polo 
Cs«»»»ny, If th« <lof«nl4Mat wl«h«t4 to go Into thft bu»ln*«B of 
bsylnfr dtwiiln^ tissbor aa4 e»*wln^ It np liito luBilfor, it 0ci.«X<l hssrt 



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Au a miitt«sr «r f j4.et, th« Kesws&ary tia« LtrnTfe^r Mill* 
wwit out of l>«.»in*«», laiad C^'ittHlvJiii ««»««»{! t© fe# it« «.«mag«r «« 
l>««fliiafe«r X, ltl9. file Usife|}«r» I'er the priot ©r ^Mola tto«t pl»i»tiff« 

wby Aaftnilftnt weul^! etj»tlnae t© T5iiiar«iu*«« tlmte«iif t&r Atlifttry to 
the y»l« «9!ai»i«ci3r after it h'">i'?. in. ifi^t ismmtiA te ■5I0 'teain^me tR 
th*lr territory. 

TIjft eofitiP®l'llja?? «^l4.«K.e« in t]ie oate Is dfa mm^f.tstrf , 
Ths contract W8#«r ^hleh C/*S»13,tfaii toek «ir«r th« P©J#* mmpmy 
%iiffin««« !» "b«»tw«i©n n3ul liiraii an.1 th« ?oi«» 0©«|taisy, *«<! i(f;«fiiB«fa«t 
l» not «i |j»rty ts? it, p-er l» iH«r# ^jaj'tl^tB^- ir, it frcK i?hiefe it 

•1* thin klKfl. FroEi th# tisui* t?-mt <i*Bal3.lTw t«0lt. contreai of tht 
M««&im4©iJ ©ill la &areh,lf3i1>, it ftwtara Omt th« »r^«4ketloB« w«r« 
•arrloa en in th« it«3e« ©f tht JiaeJ^lmion Lumljer & .F&l« C«sM|^aBy, 
St«kti(&«&t0 of ;»««oM«t i»er« mm4m out i» tfe» b«««i ef t5^« &!si«i»:innoB 
aoHtpany, lett«rii writtaaa Xa ?>laint4fr« ©onsusTclng th« tr«»»»ctlon 
w«r« »ign<Nl in tbe nwatj of tteo MnoKlnn^ii Lw^fesr A l»©l«? Comp^jy, «knd 
the ch»ck« "bj ^hleh fna.vtsmnta -were DJid« wer« adiMi executed 1« thf 
aa»« of tib« iiaoKiwrion hwAh^fr .4 Fol.« Coaqjiwiy, Lt4,, 'by 0*3ulll¥a«. 
S««oil«oti90ft of trit?«e»««« (mo^^t ef thtra auah lut^rffiat^di) a» t© 
tr».l «oav!f^«atloni («hleh are d.ffrii*^) caai hjure littl« weiiffet a« 
«C«in»t th* vrittWB 490tm«n%9 vhtoh 9H«v tht u«Mal cour«» of b«»l- 
!»••• •«:t«r»4l««s ^rmr »,*ay .moat^n. 

Th« cl^iia that ^i»fm%-f::mt was llat:!* in thin tr»naao» 
tloa ••tm.« to hxt^i \ntnm -a^-A^S* only ajCtwr O^^alllTsm vma% Irato bank- 
"•ttfley tK J^«.r«h, Ifgl. 

tfh* btur^oT'. of |nr«of wic-a tt{»cn tht iflmiKtiff » to *«tai>» 
lli^ th*ir QA«o \iy m pr^pnuAmnuicn of the «Yid.©r»c«i. Th*? ?|u««ti&li 
•iiteh thi» oourt «M«t a«oi(i!io is whether w« ei%» say, OTor-ruliBg %h% 



▼•rdllet of tla« Jury imi this |«il.fm«nt ^tut^r**! "by tht trial eotirt, thMt 

i|'^,»«ttoR of f*€s1; Ifl Dot entirely fp»« fP€»a 'Mffifiijlty, It «««!&• 
alAMT t© MS, «?}©« a «j<?r3s:.l>-*«sr.'»,tl&R nf fn«»- «'vl»!«»Re«, th.«t' -^r* cannot 
i9 half?, «▼»» s.»«iasin« r,« ». fsset (whic''-5 i« Eot sa.tog©t^j»r el#^r} 
that 0*S\»lllT»n t?»^ *t5tV»©rity t^s ^Ina tfe« ^tf^B^fant vitfe y««i?^et 
t© ft p«reha«« ©f tMe kiu^l, 

C0)iR|>l»i3at Ip aleo m^i4« !*» t<^ th^ txxtitign of fli* trlnl 
ec>«rt liJ th.e atotsKlori said r«»J«etle« tof eTl''«tnc«', As >j?*%rinf $m 
th« (|u«»tloB ©f O'Sulliysn'B aytherity to bind d»f »T;^fetet,, fee t«»«E- 
tll'iftd that li« h«d nev«r is?i4« ]puroJ'm««!9 of Usie kind in .^Itsf «'r»A&JD,t 'e 

GttXrtffifiii, hud net 'S&nm sq^ ^jind «ai ols^i^stio]} tsrAo ttustalnM, w« thijQlE 
th« ruling; WAB pro,?«y, \s«esitis«» th« <juff»tioB called f©r ju* sBtiewcr 
that wai fii»lth«r »ts,t«rlail ts th» lesu«« nor prop^a? on erocs- 
•Xiusin lotion. 

An #§sTfiloye# sf ^»f!»a^ant, «^e ie»tlfie^. Ic r«>buttEl, 
ttat«<1 that h* had tt»cn»»o4 tkt ^ay»»nt af t&ts aee<>yttt -^ith 
O'Stilllvnii on »«yirral ocenattions^ centradiotJng 0*S«lllvswj '» t^etl* 
••ny ic that r«iip*»»t, H# ^aa th« s«»ls<»d, •♦"^at Hi hn t«lX y«5«^* 
•a« •»» ©b'^ctioa Vy ^•f #n.i«int , o» the gr©tm4 that th«» 8a»« was a«t 
yre^Ar on r^b-attal, wa» 8ustai«»d, 'Sfew nallBg was, ■*© thlnk^oavraot. 

It l8 argued that th** e(»urt «rr»!l iw ©trlki«g out all 
•irl4«no« of plalBtlff* a» to a ch»elE for #147, »», - tjlaiotlffe' 
•athlblt 3. It ar>i>9ar«<! froe> ilia t«stlmi;ny that this eheek wag g^ivan 
for a »att«r wholly tmconneetaci with th« aubjeet wiattar of the lult. 
Xto ailaisslon to th« reeord coitld onl^ have t«n«l«<! to oonfusio. 

It i« al«o ot.l^^ete?^ that th« oeurt allowod 0*Sullivaa 
t# attitf!! t>iat tht |>lalntiffo wnre nrmatf In this 80h«<iul« in 1:;aak» 
ifiptcy a» on*> of Mo cr«<*itor«. It i» argued thmt tha «eh«4ul« 
ittolf vaa tho beot «Tl-l«ne«, ?h* «^l«»«na» -wan, t?e think, prcu^ly 



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449 - 31531 



ISTKR-STATii WIVJiRSlTY OF 
SCI£HCi;» a corporation* 

Appall««» 



£. Bwmmn/iL and 

£. G. TROWBRIDGE, 



COW? Of CHIC.;.00. 

2^44 LA. 63 



^ 



[, JUSTICK MATCHSTf ISLIVEBBI! TIS OPIBTIOS Of fHS COURt, 



The defendants appeal from a Judgasent ag&in^t then 
for the aaiount of a prosalesory note* The judgoent was entered 
oa the Terdict of a Jury, whieh was directed by the court 
after oert'^ia ©vldence offered by defend'sjBte, teiiding to show 
that the delivery of the note 'ftv^.n conditional only* had been 
exoloded* 

The errors siseigned and rgued ^re tue exclusion of 
thie eTidenoe and the direction to the jury to return a rerdiot 
for the plJiintiff . Plaintiff, hoftever, has not appesxed in this 
eourt to support the judgment* 

The plaintiff, upon the trial, offered in evldenee 
a note for the sua of 33€6*dil, xm^&e by defendant si to the order 
of Otto T'abe, endorsed by Otto Babe, later-'Btate UniTersity of 
Stleaoe, * H< Jerrett, >md rested* 

One of the defendants teatified that the note mts 
tMoated upon Maroh 22, 1926{ th^^t Qtto Ita^e was present 
ftl the tiae it was executed, but the court exoluded the oTl- 
Anee of this /witness as to what wn» said at the tia» of the 
iK«etttioa of the note by hioeelf and by Mr* Kabe. The defend:^at 
•fferefJ to proTO by this witness thnt <i«fend»nt» were beneficial 



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•hareholders i& a coisaon law tnk8t« knoi^a &u the 0. B* Carrier 
Company t vs^hioli i«a@ eiiga<j;«d ia the 1»u6lites« of smnufaeSurlng 
OTsr-'buaper earfiers) that o» i;h<@ aat@ 4f the iiGt@» 4efend.si.n.tu 
applied to Otto Ba,bet "^^"i pajee of the note 9 iJ«rho wa@ la t]^« 
l>ueineas of making ptvttems for use in the ffi£:<nuf'^ctiure of 
smllembl* oaetings* to h&rm patterns mac!« aooordlag to oortala 
ro<*ttir omenta of Feeria lls!.lle.i^t»l® Casting i^&mp'^'^aji fimt oertala 
drawings r^nd sketches hmd boon mniK^e hy the superintendent of tho 
Caatiag Company* %hioh aketchos v«ere offered la oirideaoo for 
identlfiOTstloa} thif&t these pn.l^exnu wore to bo mainuf a>c tured oa 
tho approT<^l of the igupsrlateadeat of the O&stlag Co^FaJiyi th»t 
the pat tome wero not '^•o b@ paid for -'v& th'S timo 1»ut a note was 
•xeoutod by the def^idaOEite ^'aoreby they promised to pay the 
plalatlff the amount of the not@ (introciuood in evidence hy the 
plaintiff) which was tho projcimate cost of the pat terns to bo 
aaaufaotured by Hr. H«tbe oa behalf of def end^iata t that there 
was a ooavereatiOB at the time of the exeeutioa of the aoto 
koteeen yix» l^iabe and one of the dofeadroitgf In whloh it wan 
tiPFoed tht?.t the note should t;>e dellTored as collateral aecarlty 
t9x the patterne whleh %ere to be maaufao tared by Babot who 
«ae aaaed as payee of the aotei that at that time and before 
Um exeoutloa of the aote* it w'^.s agreed tlmt the note mats 
AoliTored merely as oollatersJL eeourity aad ifaa not to becocie 
•ffeotire and blading until the patt«ime had been imdm by the 
Ij imjroe of the note* as had beea lad looted by the patterne and 

drawiage aad aooordlng to the opeoifloatioao} th&t the note 
aot to be Talid aad cnforooable ualeae aad until the 
pitterat eo made oomplio^:! with the drawings aad specifi oat least 



-I 

0^^ »ffl#fJiK ^ , -..-.. ,v: ,.. .,..,.. ., -.,..., 

Misi'^-m ^»sii v^-%?titfw js^fisaBO »l^,0lS.iM jajtte©^ ^v'ST-b.!'.** 



-3- 

that tbofie pat tame were n«T«r fuxni@he<3 in oo»pXlaiic6 witli 
the dreiwlnga or ao ma to aeet the is|»eclfic. tionsi ttoiat &.a a 
wittttT of faett th.« super iatisnd«nt of the Casting C&mpooy 
dleproyed the pattern* aad d^^livery -*?»s not »?ide of the pattam* 
at par the sketches | that the delivery of the pg^tterna wiis not 
Made vithin a re-"'<sionable tlsse after the pu^yee, Bahe» hsttk agreed 
to oaikfl delivery, and thst the piyee, Imhe, further agreed, that 
at the tlae of the «iv^liT«iry of the not® th@ mote woul4 not he- 
cone TaXid tm6 enforoeahlo uitleee tha p/'tteraa were d@Xivered 
vithln a rofiponable time, and tht the note wp® delivered «ni 
these cone!' It lone* 

Thie offered e-rlaenee wras c-xclude«. aa6 the Jury 
instructed to hrlng In a rsT^iot for the full anount of the 
note with interest* 

Seetion 59 of the liegotlahle laetrumentjg Ux^, 

(Cahlll*e :tat«, chap* 98 t P«r* 79) proTldeoi 

*-f-very holder ie deemed ^riffis iMiS. to ha « 
holder in duo coarse* hut when it in @ho%n thi^it 
the title of nay person who has aagotlated the 
Inetruuent vrae defective* the burden i« on the 
holder to prove th t ht? or soase per&on under ^hom 
he el: ine noqulred i,:a& title ;»e @ holder in due 
coturee} hut the last Bient.ioa«d rule does not apply 
in favor of a p irty who hec^oae ^oimd on the 
instrument prior to the aequi^ition of the 
defective title." 

beotiea £>5, ch&p. 9d» j?nx» 75 » C&hill*@ &tat«» 

it«videe> 

The title of & peraon ^ho negotiates aa 
iaetruasent ie defective ivithin the meaning of 
this ct when he obti^ineci the inatrtuscnt* or any 
eignaturfe thereto t hy fraud, dureaa, or force 
and fe<nr, or other unlawful seime, or for an 
illegal consideration or ^hea he negotiates it 
in bregoh of fir>.ith» or und;eir such clreum&tanoee 
as axaount to a frnud*** 



f^«>tt »M»3 ;»4«R vs;'.rf le T5'X#vli&J& ,»44,,,.^.»-,^W^J^I^,«- 



ar^i ^,.) .-i-fusjaw ti fl*/l :•'■«, 



„ 4v^.:*7;^.;t.n ;■ rf^f ; 



«9i)JtT0T' 



:, 'I9tlwi 



JAW- »»tn^i&'^'iti mw 3fS0ex-^«i ;•.'! 



-4« 

la th« ralbaenoa «f « \»ri«f 'by feJi« piniRtiff , it will 

It ia apparent that if th<s Gffer#a etri^»it0« im<! basis r«c@ive4 
it wottld iiATd t«nd«d to ah&m thwX tii<s mote had 'b««R 8i@getlate<i 
in breaeh of faltli and under «mch ctireuiSBtano^s &@ woml4 ^^OBOimt 
to a fraud, tiiio proof would JiaY« OT®r«©«« the g;pi,aa faeie 
preettiBptioa that i»laintiff was & Holder ia dut couree smd raade 
it nec«8!9ary for plaintiff to prove to th® «s.«tiaf sotioa of the 
jury th'-:t it h««f noquired title to the notie J4s a hoMer ia due 
course. Bell y» Mofco«ali^ « 30® 111. ^2tj M.lCjiiR, v.*.. O.ytoll^, 

302 Xll. 63l| Straue> v » Citiaea*e nts-t e 8a.ii.k» S54 111. 136? 

Justioc V. ,£:tone<;iyh®r> 267 111. 4,4.8} Sohiotit y. -'jier^Ojp^ 
Truet fc -»Y ing8 iiaiak . 152 111. .^'^pp. 76? Luta y * ,lfe t|i«ffy,« s?C)» 
111. -pp. 40 1 F<aru '>ta te Bsmk v . ^aagatt i S30 111. pp. SSJJ. 

For the error of the court ia «xcluf*iia^j this evid-ace, 
the judgment la reTersed aad the o%u«t« reiR%nde<l. 

Ve'urelyt P. J., aad JohnatoOf J.t eoaour« 






■md h lu- 
st 



- * - ■ ,-y ^asni 
^mi ' "** 

,»®l»is««*^ ^4Ji/s?9 »(** ^'K--« ^^e 



♦'tMseter' ■ 'os%ffs<^^ 



i ■^'iiX 



lai • ."ixoso 



MARY B. 1SICH1K» A^minlistrfttrlx ©f 
tilt £«tAt9 of Qiso'lett &i«triin. 



▼•. 



0. SiCIIXJi ««^ 






Aptt«Xlfant«. 



244I.A. 68 






,0 



of th« Superior court of Cimk ©euuty, «nt«jr«d ^ove^tetr 5, 19SS, 
ha* b^^R ©on»oll4at«d f©r haariag with » writ at' »Trr>T Q«tM»m, 
Ko. "Sl^iy, eujs.'l «wt by s^li t.iire« «!«f«i»4ajfjt{} to r«"»«ree esild 
dear«e. 

For the rfliwujein* »tat»d la our di»lni&ii tMfe lay 
m«<? JUri iraid writ «i' «rror c»tt®», 1««. 3X2X7, th« d.«rar«»flf ol* 
the Su!J^'ri©r court Is afftTtt«d, 



nt«h Mi4 Burnsn, .7^, , eoncwr. 



'.feA ,m /ju, 



hMii *»'i 









,{i!^ta»! 






37 - 31149 






PlBintlff in ^rror, ) mmn TO aUPERlOH CO«Ef , 






)i 






3y tM» writ of erzor .Ivlua 0«rcke 0«»«Jls t© r«ver»« 
etrt»ln portions of % d@ore<» ojf tliA ii^uptrlor Court of Cook 
Couatyt fiffectltig, thm property rlgjoits of tib>e p^rtlea* entered 
in a (ilvoree prooeeciing c^n Foisru^ry 1S» 1926 • The (siroreo 
Cr'3iaio<S to h®r from her hu»l»aad» llli«!% ^ercrket i® not h«r« 
qtte£!tioBe<S« 

/ajaong ija® errors s«;ji®i3@d toy her «ad .fsxgue*! hy h«r 
oouatol are (a) thi%t tiae tri«l court **errtt<ii in i@ai<iria^ tho 
Aeeroc rogording her jproiMtrty rights •" iiM (to) that ''the de«re« 
doterBiBing the property ri^^^ts of the partlesi is con&r>^.ry to 
Iaw oBdi fi'^uity*** It app«&r» froat the pl«»?'K(liaii;a i%n(di th® evidenoo 
ilmt wHon Mho fllod hor bill (i»(3faito«r €* 1925)* f^llov^oc! by 
dofsndant filing & croar-tolll* th« pnrtiea 9wn*t& in Joint 
too^^ncy tvo pieooe of lfl(proved ro&l ostato la ii^hlCtiiEo* whleh 
ot th« tiiM of the aaari'i,'a4se (January 13> 1917) were etmed by 
^illlAB 3erek« alone* - one ut Ho* 3104 Frencieeo avenue and 
the other ftt So* ;S7ft3 V« Alto«kny ny^oue* Ihe oourb founcii intey 
^In thfit enid two pieces rightfully toeloaged to •illie» a&rolce 
end deereed th&t the title thert^to "toe i!»nd the esuM i« horetoy 
▼eeted eololy and abeolutoly* in him* free ejid ele^ar of m.y 
elnin or lien wheteoeTer* and th^^^t "Aiyln^ Seroke execute eueh 



*to-. 



k£I 



♦ ■s- 






8!»;;%(,ot®Cj Si»(ii.l vjioaXW xX£«''%4}c(&l'£ tt«4»s»jit| ^tkiiw <^if<.<i» ^jMi;t. filXj 



'2» 



«ee4 or d«ed» of r«-ooi»Teyaa««, aa slmll re-lareist %he fcltle 
to aaid pr<mlsee sol«ly in llXlaai GexoJco, wltMn fiw day* of 
th« entry h«rt30f, and upon har fs<.iiur« jso to <Jo, that as,id, 
Master In ohR6a«ry* * * m»k9 aueh n®c«»sxry do^d or <loo<ts of 
snid prcaiees" in her aam, as ehaU sffeefcttat® and ooa|>l©t« 
th« titlo t.iier«fto. In f«ts «i»ple, »oi«ly in Mm* 

In vie* of tha |>le*i^laa^o, the deoroe aiuji uho iiii»«l«tt. 
ttonU of error, «« ,«»r<a of toe opinion that thio «pp«llat« eourt 
i» without Jurl«<Jlotioa to h%^v m4 ftill^* d«t«rMn© tfe« pf^mnt 
writ of error Oftuae, beenus« a fresliold is directly invoiYsd, 
•ad th«t it mnst bo tr*naf@rr&« to the v.^Mw^ft^ Court under 
atctloB lOS of the l*i&efclee -.ot* (.lyputy Xjt.„Mo&L» i»'-« HI. 
»*• W» IsCoaKv^JoG^lftb, 33» id., 655, 5561 RobasU _r.^,,Mli4ti:, 
a03 id, »1$, 5131 _i#wii>.yt I^wJBf 31€ id. 447, 449.) In th« 
lft2l£ ea«« it is decided that a froijhold i» IwvolTed In a deoroo 
of divorce, flhlch provideo that, in cetaing property righto, 
on« of the pRxties aonv«iy t© the othor all h«r interest i» 
property held b^ thea in Join?. t«»ftnoy. Xhla la th® ef iect of 
a portion of the deereo In uestioa. nd the f»ot that thovo 
•re ether f,ue»tlon8 involTed in th# pre&ieat yrlt of error e».ueo 
besideo (that of ft freehold, u» to whleh other Quoistioao If 
they etood slono on thft reoorcJ thia oourt Might properly 
•xeroiee appeiiete Juri$diotlon, doe^? not «%rrsat thi» cowrt 
i» doeldlng the entire ctvuse upon it« si«rlta* (Mf.^r vin v .. CoUli^^. 
T 111. Apfi. 383, 5S4| }tS^^£MM...y.j;^millsMt '3 id* 4;..:6, 4a«j 
5ft»i«JUrlt^..jiHift_«_Co., J17 111, 3l:;>, 322.) .,0 far, howerer, ao 
the decree purports lo affeot certain proper 5.y rightis of Fri^jk 
3»oldin« (» eon of Irlna aereho by m foraer aarrlftgo), who 
**■ •»«<! out e «er,y»tf writ of error to roTereo portiona of the 
^•croe upon the aole ground thr,'; he waa not mde o party to the 



•s 



1® &'%fst.^ ■»rl'i: niiiik^ ,»3is»-$ft»i ai^sJtlXJti- al ^£l»X«>« «»«jta»^^i JbJtiwe « 
























III itiafit^Ti: 



aigtf^-: 



11 ««« 



miLism nil a-'jfw »!*»«!» •'»«i#«^ tnfi{4 .»«ti^io- 
^.l?..Mll41^eM «^« .^-at *^«A -i-'- 






•5- 

«• li^ve !$o d«el''.r«^ In ^n apiniQn t.hi^ 4n3r fill.@4» €«>@« lo* 
31X90) UiTit snld pertiORit of tJto d«ei'«« ftss aff«(»t kits proptrt^j" 
riKkte «tr« rold for '«!°«Bt of Jurieaietlon* 

tn« j?-r(»ii«aii wrln af 4?*r:^«i' 0s?.ii«® will fee irsuafflferrei 
to th« ^3upr«sB«!: Court* 

cm^ m^^mmmmi to tie aiimiaii; amm?. 
?ltoh sMEid B£(rae«t» JJ*f eoaour» 



mnm to sirpraiicE cotmT, 

COOK GOm fY, 



38 - 31XS0 

FXalntlff l» l.rror» 

T. 

wiu.lA2t Oib'l^cs^ and 

D«f«n£ia»t8 la Tirror. 24:4: I.A« 6 S 8^ 

By Utls -writ of «rr©r Fraujc -..ps^iaiMg s«tiiEa to r®T«r»« 
portioaa of s deere« of the aup«ri0r sourt of Cook C&\mty, 
tattred In a divore« proceeding on I'^^byuery 13, 192«, whtreia 
AlYina Geroko was co»pl&i«MMit and, ^'UUlftw 'Jcreke wm defeaciaafc, 
«»<! »hor«l« llllam filed a cro»«-bHl «eekin« af.flrmtiv« T&Uet 
ia the aettlemeat of his property righto. 

It ?Tppe»5irs fch?s.t .,j>a.Win^, of legta matt, i» th« »ob of 
Alviaa ay a former »8i<rria^«| that prior to the filing of her 
MU for divorce agaiaot ailiaa (joce»h«r 6, 1923), aha &ad 
willl&K hK6 ooBYeyoi! 1»y ^^iX'^Hnty dood to psldiag a ©ortAln piooo 
of Improved. r«.«il e».tat« ia Chicago, kaowti a« lo« awa ?lotoh«r 
•tr«ot{ a»^ &hat St the dftto of the eatry' of »al<S d«ere« .^' priding 
h«4 tho logal titl* thereto. p l<Si«a; wa» not md© a party to 
the erooe-bill of illisai Seroke om& eld not appear ists « p .rty 

U the litigation. 

By the decree Ivlnit wau gr^inted a divorce from 
VtUiaa beoFiuae of hi« cruelty. Ao to their firoperty rlighto 
•*• ••'»* found, l ater alia , thnt the i>r tie» were «j.rrled on 
|JF«Mery la, 1917, smd ooatiauec to oehe«.hit to«(ether until about 
l^oeahor 1, 1923 1 that et the time of the mrrifvge ^illiaa 



W- i 



,T/iaO0 mX&iafi'QZ O'V :^j> 



'•^gf^R .A. I 






:9 i»mt ■ 









ftllil,!* flirts 4 (S.ls'il , 



««iXll".-: *«ali:tSi^ -nt^flii tatt Xjyj 

.lj'i*ili. tfeswoT: 4'^tf«>8 

3»« 



-8* 

V&8 the own^x In fe^ eiapla of two .ln{Krov«d piee«tt9 of Ohlotgo- 
rOAl estate » one xnewa mss Mo* 5104 Francleee - tcauo aad the 
•th«r as Ko. 5753 !'l* Alliany ^.Tsnua* a»^ 'Iviim wa« ilt« omsov 
in f«« simple of a tMr<i ii&pxoir«>4 plooe of Chior^O t«&X o^tato* 
jmown at 2^^l II. Oaklojr aT6>nu«» %hioh "was sttbeoquently trottSed* 
for tho Ho* 2$id I'ltstciter street projiort^f t th&t %?llilejR ««A 
AXvlna Agreed th»t, t)j«2 ^hree plueos of s^nl <ssstat« £4aouX£ 1t»e 
put iB their joint BfittCH* »>& Joint t®n:»ntfi ami sot as tensmts 
In ooffiaoHf " vkioh was done aocordinglyi** thiit at th^ tints of 
the Bcurrlage ^'illlaitt also Of^fnetd &)aout 20 ncrei^ of l^nd In the 
et«te of Mlehlg;;v»» ^nd shortly there^tor he detslrtnid to dooA 
the eeme to his eon by a former »i?ixrlage> and ::'^lTin& joined 
with hln in exeeuting eueh a deeu to eiil«! eeni tkf^t AXriwm 
"proteetod" f&gainet her executing such deed MfAifl ^llllew «ould 
eign a contract proTlding th>;% enld Fletoher street property 
should ^%t lTln«*s de^th (in e^se »h» died lief ore > illisus) 1&« 
eonreyed in joint tenancy to ]b«y eon* Fr»nie : f l<Sln«» «nd her 
htteliandt ?illi«B» end that illiaa agreed to »uoh cenditionf* 
th t IXllaagi cannot roi^llj undttiratnnd nnA does not epenk the 
SngXiah Iaai;ua|i:e| and th./<t »^iULicui» in suhseQuent neigotlatlone 
had with a real eetate agent for the ^apparent j^rpose of putting 
enoh acreeAent in writing* joined with ..Ivina in iglgnlng «a& 
4tXiv«rlng & warranty dead (not recorded until just before 
Alvina «nd '^'IXXiiUB eoparatod* l>ooenb«r X* X9a3) of e^id fXeteher 
•Iveet property* conveying the tj'sjBie obBOlutely to SRld frawk 
■faXding, « i'iXXiow tHt Che tiaw beXiaTlng th^t the papers whioli 
ii eigned virere in eicword -^ith said «e*eo]w»ntt th^t Xvina» 
iffter the execution of 8«iiti deed had until ahottt Peoember X* 



«fi 



Jfern^'t fsl- i::i*wi.OC« .iBi-T^«vfflr«J5f ■TitiJ^.«fi!iW 4ei»«| 



-3- 



t». jr.,r 1.20. « ,,»«,^ 1,^ „ „^^ ^^^^^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^^^ 
1» t.„ n^,. Of !,,„ ,„, ,,,^,^^ ^^ _^^ ^^ ,,l«t^., ^, 

««d iTl« k.pt ,„ou«t» 1. „, OHU,^ »a,*. in th.lr jom 

..count, ,.««xag,t.. ,>„„t tlioc. .n ,r ,ta.H lvl», 4r« ™t 
f« l«r own u<s« an] iiea«fit about EecoalMr 1, was. 

a. Murt ,!„««« la „ub8t»ac, th« til. iKjiou,,, 
"««. an* H. ab««, ..„nu. ,..^,u« "b. „„,., .,1,,, ^ 
.b.olut.l,. 1„ «ni„ „,,^. ^, ,^., .^^^^ ^^^^^^ .^^^^^^^ 

t. .^d pr,-l.„. ..1.XJ, i„ «tiii„ „„,^, ,^^^j_ ^^^^ ^^^^ 
"... th.t ivlnn ,„ t, uui« 9180.. „ ,ith4r.w„ f,« ,m 
».n-.. 1... «oo r„ *„ „„,^>,„ „ij„i,„., ,.„, ^ ^^^ 

""»" "tes_a_iisa f.> th. va«nc. tn«..f upon th. ,r.l„. 
1-.™ „ a„8 n.tch.r ,tr«t.. cwcag.. -tl.!. „ ^u.!. 1. 

".Id b, ,ad «n .r in.. (..„». f., ^.^ „. „, ,.^^,^^. ^_, 

*.» -.xtouti™ u.„. tker,for.- and th,t arlnn ,«y «,. „„t,. 
•lo« 

Th. onli- .rr,r. «„.l«n.d by ?r«U: ; p=adl.g nad ,r««a« 
»7 M. ««n..l ,r. in ,«b,t^„ .^^.^ 5^, „^^ ,^_.^_, ,^j ^^ 
«"«.1.« that for «,. ™.„t, ,,„„, ^, ^ ^j_^ ^^ ^^^^^^ ^^^ 
l««t.r .».uid b.„ . ii„ up.„ ,^ ra„t,^„ .,„., ^^,^„^^ ^ 
|») 1. .»t.rlng «,b . ,..,«, .^„, ,, ^^^,^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^^^ 

••• not a pxTty to aald suit oithor »md.r tfa* u« , i 

«»»ner uad^r th« bill or erooe-blll,* 

IiUNmioh a« the present record tfiacloooo that 
^^«t hold. th. U^x utlo U said Fletcher otroet property 



3.?«1 ; ■ ■ .^snjm tmc xad tit «t<t»«>»t in^x IXj? fe«B?siis .Ml 

#im ws-xA^Bnif- "' -: -'-ill *trt<f« i»'**»!jj,$tSB® «*«»o»« 

;ui&«^«s ^it*lt(»tf ibiTJ^ «>}i» ctiffO ttUf «• 



-4- 

and presumably hms »va» i»tsr«st ther«iB» and as ta« wae not 
BAd« ft party to tha ero«<S'3ill or «o lh.& Xl^igRtlont w<^ ^^^e 
of tbe opinion tilt h«r h d suoh <m iu&«r«&t in the froeo«4iBg« 
attd deoroe »» varrtintod hla in s»in«; out. th« pT&9«m% writ idT 
•rror; ( ndargon ▼♦ tatcort 173 111. 112, 117| i->^ople y«, 
O'Connor . S52 111. 504, 3081 £« ©jgjyL.,Xs. JI^^TJi^mi, ^M XXI* 
171, 173) I and tkt th« 'uperior court wag without Juxlii- 
tfietioB to eat«r any deoroe «bich gir^is &o illisijB Qoroko a 
lioa for ay mnount upon p .Idlag'a "l^itQh&r strest property, 
and that thoee portions of the daoree a& affoot :>palding*» 
righto la 6al«S property (wh&t<JT8T t.h«y juay h«) are void* Hi 
•houKI h(AV« boon amdo a pa^rty to thta proat$e£l.injia and heoa glTon 
aa opportunity to dflfosnd. ( Tap Vle@t„ „y.» , Aiy'^'''i ,% t, 800 111. 193, 
156.) It i» :^\ rul« ia oq^ult;^ th^.t all possoaa vhe have f&njr 
•ubat&atif^l l^g^l or ^toaorisi^l inteiset ia th« «itthjeet xaatter 
ia litig£?^tioB »nd TTho will ^« sr<J!.ti@rljally afl'^otod hy the t^-^roroo 
■ttot bo aad* piirtlot. (P41oy T. 'j^elftl?, 272 111. 837, 538.) 
■And th« objection thr.t ther« la ev 1 ck of proper pnrtiee nay 
ht taken Rt the he'^^ring or in a eourt of reiri«'% on appeal or 
•a error* (Knopf t« i;^hlc«go He^^^ j.8tytg,.Bo«rci, 173 111. 196t 
201| L&rao n v. aioe, 335 111. 9a4, 5da.) 

'.ceor(5ingly, all portions of the <it;ere« that purport 
to affeet any, right, title or inttsrest which Si'tuMk Cpi^^lding 
B&y hare ia Bni.6 yictcher street property, ftad to oreatA H»y 
liaa thereon ia fnYor of ^'illituo Oeroke, 1& reverood. 

I>I4CRIi;jS SiCViiRSiSJ A;?. TO THi: POimOHS MKKTIQilEi), 

fitoh ea4 Baraoe, JJ«, eoaour* 



tftfl 'tt»K «ll Hfi hUttt «^i$ &^iiv' 



If, 






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l*«feis4&st ia Error. ^^ 4 4 T 1 - — 

In «£ aetlea for 4i^m^se% fdr pera^dnjia isynx^les re<$$lve4 
by pla-latlff ia & «sQlI.lBi9» of tii^ taxieftl»s ds oa«» sf the irivas 
in Liscoln ?ark» Ckleago> eit t^s ^ttrnoo» of July II « it25» ^« 
eoart* at th» elo$« of all ih@ eridence* la)?tn»ot^4 tke Jaxy to 
fi»d tho Yellow Csib Coj^iM&ay aot galltj* tli^ r^taxn^e amoh T«r> 
4iiot sBdf after plaistlf r*@ nastloa^ for a itow trial aja4 ia arrost 
of 4a€lg%«at h&d b«en OTsrrul&d» vha o^hutk eater^^ jud^ate&t agalaat 
htx for oostsa whioh she »«®ke by &hlc '^rit of «rror to reverse* 

The aetioa "sa* ees&eaoed a^^iast t;he C%1» Cimpaay »»£ 
Oeorge J. i?*oger«# th« own«r site? ttrirer of tho se-e&lle^, "brosn** 
•ab* ia whiefa plKin&iff 9&b a j^Si^s^nger at t&« tine of tho 
aecideafc* -t tlM ead of Ota trial plaintiff tiioalaeec the salt 
*• to %oit«r»* Sor original <i&el.%r2^^.tifi» eoa3l9te4 of t«o coimta» 
to which the Yellow C&h Co* ^iBaj^&d th€ geaeral Iksuo. 7he first 
•hA7C«4 dofendaata i»ith a^s^lisenee g^asrsXlj ia th« operatian of 
their r^apactiTO o?a»8 ^nd that as a rfteult of the collisioa 
plaiatiff, whiXo ia ths exeroise of due e«re» eto*» was oeriouaiy 
aad pftraaaaatlj iajared* tha secoac ohfUrs«d the Tellocr C&h Co* 
aith aagli^caoe ia driviBj^ ita oab at a spaed in exeass of 1§ 
ailea aa hour ia a regideaee portitm of the oity» aoatrary to 
the etatate* aad both aefendi^nts with other aagligeace* To theoo 
oouats the Tellow i-uh Co. filed a plea of tho geaerfa iasue* 






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*««i?=^%.:^ Ji«Sis:-.l-'t, ^^i^'S';: ^v;;©- 
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dl t;^ »8«^K3» si .^9d4« « i^ da© «li asirl-^'^ rs.* ;■■-•«■-:.<?:--:•.:•• '^'jfH 



-8- 

beth ^efiiR<i.Hrt%» it its willful i«Ai tma%0]i B«glig@txoe aM it was 

ora«jr«4 t£ia.t »-^.ld pl«a 9f &k# ¥®lia^ c^ii Ce. gt^yeid %@ a plea tiusrete* 

of plftia%lff*s iajufles, »^ e«tll««l fiT« #lti»iB@a9e, all of «ki»B 
testlfi^ as to t&« d&tMlii df t^e i»acid«fit« -..ylm al#e t@sitifi«<i 
eeaeernlns this eaao» 3t,d 41S i^^oirge J« ^<o^@rs» tke dTlTer sf Ibe 
l»r9»a oii:b, ^bd was amXltt^ ^ &h6 9<mxt. hes pl&ln%tif kad r«6te4* 
ih« e«urtf an mutism gjT the Y^Uo's; 0®^ 4^0. snd 9V«(r he? ebjecti«i, 
Izistrixeted the 4**^ »^^^^ ^^^ &®iiil4 aot. reeeiFfiEr fre» it usder %bm 
Sdfllt iaa& l emmi &&<! th&i Uui;Sf iim«i^ di»xegar« »aig ceuat as to it* 
1li«rsup<m &&,€ C&l» C&^ptsB^ sK»T@a %iis cottrt &o ifi^tr^ei $^« 4«prjr fee 
find it set guilty as to ^h@ r3JS^.iaiiHi( C0im%@» as4» ae @t&ie4 ill 
tlie bill of exce^tioBs* ^'Ui® «#8rv re«6ryei^ tJm 4eeisia& ef tin 
aeixo3 ^^ai fdr tbe tise u«i&4: rafiitt^d t« siT« trnX^^ iastrmeti^B to 
tile Jujy 'iBd »>rke^ it 'rssfujMed' •* rh%r«mp©a, %hs& Q-^'b ctmp&iiy 
offttr«4 it« 6Tid«a#« at»i t«« wittt£s&«@ testifi^^ im iis >«hitlf » 
▼iis» the ci^suff«ttr ef the Telia* i^a^, lacofe :;eM«i» and .-%Bot^r 
ehaaffeur itmpl9y«d ^y it» -^ho Is%^{»i}ae4 t9 ^« ia th« Tisinitj at 
th« tisB of th« <h9llieioa« .t th« close «f &11 tii« evideaee tli« 
tub C«KI»@;a;3r re&swed its autioa for a directed Tsrdiat ia iti^ faror* 
Mi« ereir plr^iatiff a o^J«!€tica« tlift «0tt2-t s&ts t]is 7«%tte0t«4 
lastructiOB ^ad tlMi Jury r<£t£traed a ■vnTCiet fxecoTdis^ly* 

th» tetstiaoay of plaintiff's wit)B«ii&«a» &ad t)>at of 
|Aog«ra, dieolescd la imldstanoa tii^ fallow isigj Oa tl»e &rte»ooit 
of J«ily 11» 192S» plaintiff aad Krhe «ritBes«» X£a ottrvise* ^sXter 
|tt»ir ^rrlTail at th« araa4 Truak railtsay statiOiB ia Chie;^^ from 
a T«c»>tioa trip* hire4 th« liro«a eul) to taJk« t3sum to pl&iatiff'a 
l^iBO at 4446 :b6rid»a road. On th« va; thojr traT«ll«»d aorUi 
thxousfa l<incola P»rk» it wsa raiaia^ ,iaii tiie str««ttt woro 
Bli^sry. the aeoideat happeaed Jaot aoatli of Selaoat ayeime. 



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-3- 

BB e««l a&d eeet @tre«t» In th& outer or "uxti&nsi&n'* djrlve of 
the j»«rk* Thfijfe li; '^"i ijmaer &n4 aa cniter drive » i^-.aid the &«ro 
^Tives* runal&i^ £iarttaerlj» «^ac td'-s>^i7tii& t};^.^ ok^r« uod ^^^t 
Selasoiat a>csu« iocy ^ii-w bat a ^i^i^ri. <ilat»«e« ap^^rt* Bslaswit 
&Temi« couaeatj* i^be fcw» ;.jm justr »«rUi ©f it la the triangl® la 
whieb the ^^iMerid^&a i»)^am^^at 9tniM@* thn hJttmu @-ab ts'^a adding 
north at & Hp%rs4 •f a^oiit 12 mil&s sxt lisort sra tine east sl4« of 
tfe« outer 4riT«t ''a^tmt tw© f«@t fxcae 5.he ^aas,* the ^«T«»B«t« 
about 60 f«?«t *»-isl@» w&s verjr ifelipi*«ry» '^s tli« oppotsite side ©f 
tbe 4riY9> :3JBd ^fvIbs ^ ft pro€v0««;ios aeutherlj* ii^ar tli<s -^«M»t 
•d^e» -<»«r€ 'i,}iroe ''.uto»9MX«a • <3mie> a seeiffi, ^rlv^is t>j a ircts^s^, « 
■••tber» % 3aiu)£ teturisa &^t .tboat 4S f»#t ^oMmt %3^ $$<!«;»• 
irivea by plaiHtlff's ^itHOua, aareia, - *si Ui« Uiir^ Ums y«llow 
•&!» Sk^eat 100 feet ^<ihl»d the Bui.cK «ar* f&« ettd&a ^L&a. Sitiek 
ears were tr^velXlag et s. sgee^ of ir©» 15 to SO mile© aa hoar. 
The driTor of th« sa^ais osyr f«dr bosm re-^oMi sU4gd&»l;r decked ite 
•food i^ad it skid<^o^ to^^'i'.rdjs th« t?».6t ^usd* |»ae&li^ the br^^n oab» 
•««« to B ntop* 7t@ siiiS<l€a cheekia^ nad. @kid<;iac c»tt««d H^rdla 
to eud e»ly clseek tfce »$$«d of ^is ittick o«r aad it *^iB« ekiddsd 
t«ntrd0 the brovc «®1»» Mt it "^t did ae dsaut^ to it* and esae 
to a stop. 3y thio tiiB« ^he !»r om osJ9 had @top|uid aad it $toed 
•a the esat «!<!© of the driTOt ae?tr the eiset edge* f&eiag aorth. 
Tkea tfee yellow ea*t, which hnd boea aovi&g sitJsftut c miao at a 
•pood of ts^ottt 38 ail^e ssa hour* jskid^^od* «r«a«e^ tJw driTO at aa 
««?1« of ,&l»out 45 dfegre^a, whirled t eollided *ith the browa cabt 
*rore it li&ok » little » aof^ «sme to a otop partly la the csrive 
e&d p&T%l^ on tho graea to tJw e«.4t. fhe foree of the coliidloa 
wao suek vh«t oae of the vhowle of the hrooa e&h wan Icaoelced 
iff* eae of it« nxlfia broken and itn radiutor Jnincod ag&inot 
«» aotort «tc. Plaiatiff urao Uiro^a farwsatd aad do¥>aeard. 
*» hofed otraek the glaas yitrtitioa ia froat of her, hreakiag 



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-4- 

i% asd o§iijsiag »«ir«T« Nashua is btr te9a€i» «i»6 faer rigfefc Imee 
&aa l«f% l«g wftws Is^arM »ev@r«l3r. aiw was csmfiw?^ ia % 
hospital fer a¥out aiae w«elE8« 

la t1«« of &|J» i«®tiaK»iiy 4iitiro<Ju©e«l ^y plaintiff »« 
ar€ 9f the Qiiinian tkat &li« ^eart mpt%4 in dir^etisiS t^ Jury 
t« r«;£urf% a verdict is faveif sf th@ Oa!g C^i^^iQr qb tk# ieem@'« 

la @at«3riAg tJto Judgment is it» t'AV&v »^aa e@,i«i <i.ir@@t«# ir«r* 
diet. S^l::i»«lff*g s^4deae« t«^®<i 4s ^&^ tM&tt msS^r th« 
elreus@t^!;mc«s .'^;t as^ before y^ tiffiia> 9f th€ e^illi^ic^St tine 
UrlTsy &t tii© yalle^ cs^ a^g a«gXig«3i9t im »©t. hariag M® s-sate- 
noljile wMeie pT9p»t eeatrel and is fs^imllijs^ it aT^sr st sll|»perjr 
street witaaut eis«d.Bs at an «x«iessiTe r&fe« «ii* sjMietd* %xiS ttet 
s«tc% itegligttiie« OS his part was th<': praxiimt# eaa»« of ttie 
collision %nd 9l&iBtiff *s r««ultia^ injuuri^s. t,wi l»«@i>)ttii»« «f 
tbe »«:ffi»ir^t 6eafXi0tiii@ t«3tim»8y of dief«tidaa.&*3 two %'i&iie@s«9» 
th» qae@ti<m3t «^t^r %3»® clrlvAr 9f tlic j^llos tm.^ <vr^@ guilty 
•f a«igligen0« as e&&rg«4 mad whe&l^Bi' that iieigli|p»itfi# wms tke 
joroxiwate e^^Msit of t^# e^llision ^nA plaiatiff*® iajttri«i$, ^«re 
l^r the jury &a<i adt fot tb« £;&«i?t to d.et@:3»iJi« . la i^jbtey, ,^ ^ , 
l^am & UUby y« Ooafc . aS2 Hi. 2Q6, 212, it is »ai#s "la 
yaseiag uj^oa a ]%tie» for a p&reaptoTy lastructi<m tt&@ ^^uesti^a 
tf %h9 pr^pundtsTmiom of tke evi^eaco cSece aot ajrij^o at all* 
Svideatljr fnlrlj t^adiag to proT« tj^ or tt«i« of ^Q&imt ^et «>t 
la tko d^elaxatioa asty bs the t«stiao^ of @tm %ita««a ^aXy, 
tM ho aay b« directly eoatr&eletsd by treaty vitaossos of «(itta.l 
or greater eretiisilityi stXXx th« ao&ioa austt bo <ieai«d, « » • 

-li«B & Botioa for a ^r«!ai2>tory la« tract i^n is aado 
hy tb« defeadeatt * * if tho 09tart is of the opinion th&t Utero 
it »vid«ioo im the reoord vhioh, otsadlag aleae , ie euffieisat 









jiXaiJci ^ *eaA«K*4«^ ©4 itsas «*fc! i^l ««« i>a^ ^i^i'i. ai**'- 



-5- 

to sttstalB siufih ■> Y€?diet (for $l»ilntii'f j • liizt t^.t uue^ a v«r- 

veight of »11 tbc cTid^nee* thee ths Kta&ioit @ii«itl^ te« a«'ai«d* * * 
To hoX^ fttkerwie-e is %e ae^y s^ piiaiaiiff Ui« right- #f trial Tfty 

Jury** (i»«e, al^, .^tfefeaaqta,.. y,.« ,aflii;J&tiB^^^,« p sa lil. X#8, l^g.) 

A»d we ar« ale© of Uie oplni&n fete.i tla^ seart. ©rret* 
at th« eXos« of pla^latifi'*® (^Tidigjic® aa^ en ■y'i^f&m&fmt*& laitdti^iy 
in lB&t.ni€:tl»f. -^h€ ^vttj t9 dlsr«s@rd -i;h« »4>J^itl«Mil f^oiyasit of the 

(•nee. -e I^MaJfc that pl«ilBt>if r*a »irl4«B€m t«>^«0. te g&^aw mu^ a 

reekl«ss disressrd «f coaa^questess ':%iy. of $ke ar^fety «tf #thdX's on 

the street *t -he ti»B» 08 tk« j^art of tba di^iv^r of tfee yell«iw 

ea^t a« wrixraate^ the m^lmai^Bi&St to ths J^a^ of ti»e HCi««&ie« 

vhetHer ]^ wss guilty of -^iXIfiil «ia^ i«»iit.o& a@i:lig(me« ss ek^^ricM 

ia 8si^ eotmt. In t.«tl.l4ar«p^ %g?'$fg...''iS>» ,.yA..fei£» ^1 i^« '^^'g, 

4V6» it is sai4f "'Aether ths B«gllg«8t eonSuoi 0f ei ^efeMs^t 

vhieli has rosultad ia iaju^y to aaotksr us^imt^. to n^aatosB^eo is 

ft c.«e«tiOB of fttet 40 b^ e@ieri8ia&c i&y t&@ 4'iU7» U^ there is j%ay 

•Ti^enoe ia &he re&«r4 fairly teaming to uhtm sttch & gro«e mB»% 

of osro @s iBdiemtee % willful dinreifg^d of coa@e<»ueae«s or s 

wiliiB^ne&u to iafliet in^^ry* * * <s istentiow^l disEregard of 

ft kaown eaty BeeeBssry to t!8t« « fety of the person or ^operty 

of aaothcr an«i sjui eBti£>& abst&ae^^ of e^sre fo? the lif«» {wxeea or 

l^eperty of other* t saeh %e exhibits a eonisdiette iBdiff^reaee to 

e«as< ueneest ttft^e a os«« of eesstruatlTe or le^^ ^illfttlaess 

»ttch -U8 oh^xgee the j^rsoa %hoee duty it was to exe^roiise eare gith 

the ooa»«t^tteao«3 of a »illfal iajury.'* (See, also Broiga y* Illiaoio 

fe nainftl C^ .. 319 111. 326* 350 1 Joaefs y. ljra»er . S35 111. p^# 

3«2, 368.) 

i'er the r^-^^aLeoso iaaieated the Jadeiaeat of the . aperior 
eourt %«&iast j^lAiatiff for eoats is rercrsed aad thit eaas* ie 
reaaatfetf* 

^iteh ftati B^jraee, JJ», e^EMor* 



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9ms>»^ .i»«t5l * il-as« ««ii^ <ss siiilki»^ -^Xtlsl lil^o*! wla^ at »^ci' 



«t»«Bid» ••It «ttttiKx^<S lm& dai$ 



( CMBplRiaant ) $ { 

Appellee , I 

On •p$fe«l of JOSEPH WBStism'Sltl j 

AppeUanta, ^i4: 4 ^ ' 



<o -TS. « V 



fhia 1« a bill 5.0 renov^ as eUvdsi wpoa coaiplsiimntU 
UU« to roaX ostato jfiaown a» 2036 iit&rft «tre«t, Chies^c, an 
inetruoeat callod a trust doed, ©y a tmet deeci Bote, e3£«cut»d 
by defencaata Jan ami Satle aaapleweicl to 4ef «Mj at Jo«epli 
ilWs%ov«ia» a Jueigaent by oonfeaaion ontered thermn by saW 
lior«bo«.ski, an affidavit b hl« fil«d of rmor^ olaiming an 
•lult^bla mteroot la ea<i preiala«*s, aad a Judgment by cojif«a«lon 
•btalned by d«f«nd^t Mtartla loracboiralci • 

From a deorse for eoaiplala«a& tiie two ?^l«rabow»ki« 
baTo appaaled. a deeree M±.SSS£SM&S. w^« «ntfflr»<3 agnlnet t)i« 
•thor defencantB Jan and Katie Caaplow.kl and i2«iinlB J. xgaa, 
^lUff of tix« Municipal ooiurt of Chicago • 

Decciiber ai, I92g, eoaipl.tiaHnt entared into a ^ritton 
contract of oxchango with th« Caaplowakl* through <Sereadaot 
JtB.ph lerabowokl, a rasl eBttite broker, to convey to tho 
CiaplowokU the prsttiBoa knonn as 2338 Jforth Sooloy avenue, 
^ic««o, Bubjeot to a »orteu«e for *a00, la oxohaago for whloh 
tht C^*|,ie.*«icla wore to convey to oo«pl,iaant the aforeaald 
l«.«l.e. kaoMi ao 203« .>tawe atreet, subject to three mortgage. 



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-2- 

Mgr««»ting $3600 • In th« «xiihang® th« Ca&plewsskla were rilao 
to glT« easqilAiaant a aeeoaii morigjig* f»r 4IOOO on the ;;««l«y 
aYeou« property* £<4«h ©f Uie parties waa to |»ay JoospJi 
«i«r»bow»Jtl torokarsge f«ta aa<l ttaaailasiona. 

At the tia« of ex«<jutiag (jja» e©nt3f*at for auoh t»- 
ohajig« thft title to th« ifenve sfere«t gsrop^rty «t©o«| ia oao 
T?*bor, vho WKs to convey the eswo to tfe© Caaj^lowaltis. f}|» 
titlos wore brought do^wa »nd th« p..':».xtles not oa feterttisixy «, 
19a3t to elone th* dm%t. It appoatro that T&hor would not con- 
▼ey to tho CsAplowakis without an adiuetraeat of th« sneuttbrRtieeo 
oa th« 3taYo street property, and a «a«h adraaooaieat , anfJ that 
to o^tttla the conveyance Joaeph iershowsski had effeetM 
aegetiatloas in th« aewitlme whor^toy th« larioy «adu«tertta«oii 
wore to ho replaood hy a i»ojrts»is« of I2&OO, and hy a onoh 
P*ya«nt of «1049.7S» and an anBOunt to ootot oxpfea^e® lnoid«^ntaX 
to the daal. The aoxtgmge for ¥2000 h«l l^oea plaeeci of record, 
aad the Caapicwokio not h&ring tho oash for «ueh porpoeeo it 
wae adT^eet^ by aoaeph ierjsbo^oki, and it w&« imderetood that 
*• eeeurity there i or they were to giro hia a ttort^»«e oa tho 
Seeley avenue property «hon tho exohm»^ »ao effeetod. To th».t 
end the .-.tto.ra«y for the C ^aplewekie oh that oeo^iaion proparod 
eueh ft mortgage, and ■■■.% the Kfjae tiiae a deed of thft 3eeXoy 
avenue property to the Caaplewgkio. 

There vao laom. ovldenee th^tt theee iarrangeaonta with 
t*bor wore iiade at the requeet and for the benefit of both 
F«rtieo to the oontraot of exohange, and it is uptm such a 
theory that Joseph iersbowski aoiight l^^t«r to ohnrge tho 
properties of both partieo with a lien for eueh advaaoonoat. 
■»t there is ao evideaoe tendiag to ahow nny aaauaptioa of 



.3- 



liabillty by e««ijlal«««it for wU^a vc.b m.^smmry t& b« ^&m t& 
enable the Gs»pXeTsf»kl6 %9 mt UtX« to t]3« proiwrty tlt«y were 
fco •icobange. It seeiEs 4©o aX©ax for «jjr««a».at %h^% tm ary«sto««« 
neate witb T»lj«r w«r«s aoltly t© m^hU %M Caapl^wskls to 
obtain title so that th«y eould «t,.Try oufc their pi^rt ®f Um eojs- 
fcrmot, and tii^.t ther«f©r«. th«y aloat ware obXi«fe6ed, foy th« 
OR«h advane«<i and the 9x»mm» incurred la meh ^iWTitm^mntn , 
It was oaly through sueh ajrr*aiE«i»«iitK th^ CmpX&wekis obtaiawtS 
Utl« to th« property «jid wejr« put in & positioa to mirry omt 
thtlr ooatmet» whieh tn court «aub»«s%msatly held should be, 
ft«i w«8 «afojr«ed. fhroiagh «h« «a»h so »«ivaaioed thty mr^, al«« 
rolioTod ©f th« y«qttir««?Bt la th<» oeatmot of mx&hm^ to giY« 
ooai>l»lattat ^ s«Goad SBortgage for lloou oa tha ^.^eley foToawo 
fr©i«rty. fh«t ne ^ refealt of m&h «4iiTaaeoaio»t of e^eh tho 
C«c;.plei»al£U aloat laanrro*! the ti«i«»bt@«Sne»s to Jonoph ■.'lerKbowakl, 
•ad that It %^m so ttB?l«r8t0f>fi b«tw<,«*ii thmm, cltfarly ,«ii»po«i.rfc Iron 
hli ova afftdarlt fil«d of reoord V^l^mt^ry 23 » 1§2S, (ataro fully 
roforred to hereiaa^^ftoy) &ad fyea hU furaishiag a i^tat©«»ttt to 
J*» C«Api«WBlci four day» latsr oh«.T«lag hln *ifch tho lunoiiat ao 
•tranood. aad aloo froa th*; fmt th..t h« tooJt trm the Cisajaewoki, 
• ■ort««.g« to oeeuro It. ^'hiie th..t aortg«i«o mm fimaiy. ^Ur 
th« rofttB^a of the C««pi«rwBkl« to eoaeuia;at« the doel, isl&eed 
1H« the -t-we street property to which they «tlll held title, 
M^ortholeea purBuaac to the uaderst mdlag b«twe@a them the 
Qnplewelclo* attorney had prsi>are<s a jaortgage, as before stated, 
H twrer, aot the .tare atroet property, but the .e«ley avenue 
^••JMrty la expeotatlea of the exch^^ge. At the mmu tiete, 
99^V}t&ry 6, ig^a, the reayectlTe deed^i to effeot the eK^hango 
wrt executed aad delivered in «8orov to the reapf^ecire attomeyo 



c-idLv, s^smi xumti is»oma¥i; -^U itswttatfS •Jii«©'x«:i;r-."-. 

XXlttft a-sK^af) ,w^^<?:i; . £<1 'e;*»*f^<f«>'^ i^'2f»o«'£ ^» i^ll\ ilvsk^^Xl^ .wi$p ti^ 
t»Jii'U &£»«£ XXl^a %»fi$ daisiir o« ^ilt^^&'X^ ^»t»l^'«t «>#*4w «tli<^ ^t'i|^ 



-4- 



•f tH« p?irtle« to hM i«l<s ttiiUl the Canji^skls pr^aented a 
d«ed fro« Tftbor and »«eur«fi rela^sea af tlw replaofttl «»rtg»cv«. 

But at an adjourned «tt«Uiis on th« foU»wlng d*y thi Caapa«»,dcla 
r«ftt.«d to oommmmU tim deal an4 tilr^ctud tHe «@«reii hoXder 
Mt to dellyer their d««d to ooaplniaast, tliereupen on May la, 
1923, *ppollo« mod a. Mil ^gaisat tUc Catapl^wskls for 8p«clflo 
p«rf«r«aiio« of the Qontr-^ot of ejcoh^au©, aad puraue^at to a 
doero* is her faTor «at«y#d .^oireaDor 9, 1923, deod« e|Tectiii« 
the «.t«haa«o of the prop«rti«» »«r® «eeut®a, ^d sh® heonao 
po«eo«e«d of the atare str^ot proper &y. hui ^i^A h«r title 
clouded by the doounento aforesaid plaoe4 of record la the 
aeaatitto* 

After the Cmpl^wekis r^,fua&d t© soa&uamte the eon- 
traot for exchange Jooeph teri&ho»»ki fil«,i of r«oor<j F«hrusry 
23, l»23, hie AffieiaYit afores.a« et-,.tiag th-^t the pa): tie e to 
the coatraet for seiid exchange of real estate, deacrlbiai; both 
properties, wer« brought together by hin imd tl^t a« the legal 
Utle to the ; tave street property w.e ia Tabor m4 the C»apleirokio 
y^ «o noaey ^o pay hl« the bal^^aee 4ue oa his agreeaeat for a 
•*rraaty deed to thsn, and pay the first aad ooooad ea«uiiA»raaoea 
« the same, he, Joseph ierabowekl , aacuied a loaa ©f $Z$QQ oa 
Ue real estate aad ^idyane^d the moneys ?iforaeaid to eaid Tabor 
•• eeeure a warraaty dew froa Hia to the CaaplOTslcio, th«.t they 
Wa.e4 to oon«tt«aato the deal, aad, therefore, he oUiaed aa 
•VUtable iat«ree.t ia th« "aforeead reul estate.- ai>parently 
ttftrriag to both properties. A« before st^te« this affi^aTlt 
•><»»«esly states that no Made the adTanceaent of cash for the 
!««»Ple*ski», aad U iaooasistoat with his aasertioo of a clain 
•f deaplainant's liability therefor, later, Iferch 22, 1P23, 
• *!•• plaoed of record said trust deed OMbedyiag a 












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truat nottt for ; 1750, j$lgij«d by ihA C»&pieN9«ki», purp&rUas 
to co«T«y to hl« th« ^tstre street pjpopert,y in trwot to seeur« 
tHo aeiouBt of saie adYanceawsnt . im ^f^d aot« he t©o3i Juc;t;8s«nt 
In the Municipal court Kg.lMS the Caapl«i»aki8 fey oonfoasion 
July 2, 1923, An extcutlon losuea thereos Jtily §, 1«:.^3, waa 
roturnod -lo property fouati" Kov««l»«r 4, 19^3, nm.^r as ai*» 
oxooutloa io«tt(£<S lioceabor ^7, 1923 {«n«r oatry of tho ^goree 
Of «poGlfie porfoiiaimoo and oo«i>Xala«mt ha^ ®iit;sr®<i into the 
j>o«»«tsloa of th.. :itavo »tre«fc proporjiy) « l«vy w..b ffl«^« under 
•old !*lla« oxeeution en hoth th«f ntaTe »tre«sfc ^aici fSeeloy avenuo 
propertleo by tho bailiff of the Uuni^ip^a court mid ^ cortlfioa^ 
of Bale of &oth properties wao issued outi of *a^ eourt so aai^ 
J08«ph lorabowaJcl for the 0uk of $1936.00, th*i mamnt of said 
jttd«asat with lnt«r«»»t* 

Th« theory of t.he relief granted by the d««/oo appoalod 
frwi reaurrlag the eeYersd docuaonta of record s^forea-tld a« eloud* 
•a co«plelnant»» tlti« t© the .tuYc ©troet preporty obt^aod 
lhrou«h sold dooroo for opoclflc p«rforw^4io«, u predlo-tcd upon 
tit ooacoded f*ot th^it la proourin^j tho contract for the «>cehimgo 
•i Oftld prop«rtloB &ttd ammglag for ito oonsuEimtlon, Jo«eph 
^iorsbowaki woo a brokor and agent for ooaplalnant, as well «« tuo 
8»plow»klB aad oa the uaquostioaod principle of law thmt ae »uoh 
••Wit h« could acquire ao right or latereat la tho proporty 
••Ugoaiotlc or prejudicial to ooavlala&Bt a» hlo principal. 
(Mithoa oa g«aoy. Oh. i, ?ar. 455, p. iOC't Cotton y. H£^ i^it^^y. 
H Ul. 176, 1791 I^aYio^Vjjiaalljl, 108 111. 3»| rroehllch T. 
SttJSrd. 180 111, as, 94) ;en.^t r. . l««bot..>u ^h. i,,, ui. 38^1 

l»^ T. Cal*W..^, 1^5 111, 500, 337.) 

that the title to ooaplrUaAnt** property was thuo 



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olouded in thfi Interest of one -who wr%s her agent le ©ffect euch 
•xohaas«» »ad that th« (Jir«ct reault of the lastrunento aprea<! 
of record constituting auoh oiouda was to iBerec«a« ai'-houfe her 
consent the enouaa>r»jnoe8 on tha ^t&rn atroat property beyond %hat 
8he wao to a«f!ua«. are annlfset fro« th« faota atntoti ajid <&• 
found by the court. That Joowph ierajbowakl could not obtain any 
ftdyrmtage thorefroa to the dotrimsnt of hi» princijpal, he hftving 
full notice of her rigbta under the oontraet of ©xehenfo, ^Meh 
in fact h«, in &he exereise of sueh uge»cy, had negotlfxted for 
her, i« well egtaiblisheci by the auuhoritiott abotft cited, 

Martin ierabo\*ekl wae a brother and pm-rtn^r of JoM.«ph 
at the time of th^se transact ioa©» and -s #u«h, had an Intsrest 
in the brokerafe fees and eo»s!ii«»ione to b© «ara«J<S through th«iH. 
Uh full kn©^;? ledge of th« contrtiot for »uch ©Kchange he after* 
wards* in July, 1923 1 eecured a juagmffiat by eonfeavilon on a 
jttdcmnt note giren to hia by Jtuj Caaploweki for #175 and ooets, 
and ha4 a transcript theraof filed for record a^&inet the rtaye 
street property, Und«r thia »»tyte of facte the 9rm» principlo 
•hioh would pr«Tent Jo8«|aa ierabowaki froa ttCiUiriag itttoreata 
anta^:oaietle and prejudicial to eeaplssimyat ^Applies e^iU^illy 
to the olcim of Martin aersbowaki, and, therefore, the &9ef9 
properly proridea for the rewoval of his judgjuent as a cloud 
en ooi;iiplaiaHnt*e title* 

As Bogt of the facts itbovo gstatftd are uncontroTerted 
•»d are euf rioi«sntly oet&bllahud by the erideaoe we deem it 
tttoeceee^ry to diaeuea the cont.iTjt.ion th it oomplala/nt did not 
prove her e«*ee by the gre«i.ter wei|;ht of the oYldfenee* 

£<iualiy uatoaable are the contentions thtit Joseph 
••tteed a Yalid interest in the taye street property by his 



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•<3t<i»o«8 of puxohaa« Boa«y» nnd th.'^t he viol{%t«8(l no fiduciary 
duty In ftecuxlzig & ll«a «n tiui eiu&e therefor* anci Xai«x a 
bailiff* & dis«d upon th« o irtlfleate of aalo* It 1» aneui^ 
to eifvy what th«!se oont«ntleiiisi lgj»ore the mi^in f»ot of the 
r«Iatlon of prlnolpaX mid ag^nii, be^twoea costpXaln^mt and aal(lt 
Joseph* smd th« prlaoiplo of X-rs pertaining to th6) »%ib«» 
heretofore referred to* 

c'.ppelXeueit also m'Ucee t.he poin& th;^t a Teniie^ -who 
•coures title bjr @peeific j^tsurfonstanee o<«jb seeure no hettor 
title thaB hie Teador h^« at the tin* pcrforaanoe i« deoree4* 
It must be staAifest thmt the poiat l^s no apftXiontlon t;o th« 
ietiuee in thiit csie« as &hova stt^ted tokd diecueaed* 

Xt is further urged, that the eyiclenoe diaoletise %hh.t 
by o balanciag of Aooeuata eonpX ineat \siouX4 &tiXX owe 1100 
to the Cs&pXewakia on the ex^h^txiget »a«i that r^Xief ei$,aaot be 
fivea ooKpXAin&at under her biXX without an offer to pay the 
■e»e. That «ae a Baat&er that xttlght iwY« beea raise«» tund ^ua 
pre&aaabXy adjusted in the »ult for specif io perfornaaee* 

The peiat is &Xeo ua<£e th<tt eoiiiipXaiaant nm'&x paid 
the coMibis^^lone &o Joseph '^^ior^iboRski &gree(l upon In the oon* 
irt/et el exchs^nge. the reeor^ <ii»eXo««s that that natter hao 
boea adjudged la another suit and Judipaent la a lover court* 

It ie a.l»o urged thut the court erreiS in refusing 
'oeeph iersbo^reki* s offer to file ». crost^ biXX for af irwalvo 
rcll«f« The offered orosa oilX Is pre<.ieiit«d aXaost cs^nilreXy 
KfM the uacontroTeited facta abOTO etateci «tn<i ^XXoged in tho 
biXX, except the i&itiB fact as to the reX tionehip of agonogr 
ei ef ere said on which th«$ istiXX rests* and the eoacXualoa 
^herefrMi that he had a TrnXld ilea on the -tare etreet property 



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Xit»q,»'^ *««**« -sivdMr*' m^a mt a»u j>ix«y » 'tusut mi 4m^ m^-%t'S'si 



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for th« purch..a« »OB«y *.d>r «e«a by hl» to the C^apl«w«kiB to 
obtain tbe, deed thereof. Whether 2i« h.d «uoh * Uta ^a« ttee 
>aiB 1..U0 ralMd by the WIU u it li..,d l^m 4«t«mi««d in 
f*Tor of ^pis^^iimt J0««ph l«;.bo«aki, it feUow«. th« Wii 
«a«14 baT« be«a di8«i,«e<t, ^ &i^u b. «o«lu b. free to «..ert 
Hi. cUi« tR the ^taT« «tr*t» property an4 tbu« obtain «^i thf^ 
TtlUf to whloh b* wottl4 bt ottlitl«4. rh« offer wa» proporly 
rofu.oa. la fact, it ^p^t^ fro» ih« re«orc m.t before tho 
olooo Of th« h«.riB« h. obtaiaad a b,aUff«« do«4 oa ,,.44 car- 
tirioato. All the: ri^tB i;<, aai«».ci umier .h*. 4oeu«^tffl nought 
to be r««ov«d by the bill a« cloud, on ca«^l^ia4*«t*„ tttU terin* 
thtt» beoo«e aergod in nnia deed u^« u.ar.e mi oni>. r^nored a.«« 
^0 far a« «ioucf» upon co«^laia«,.«« tiae. but doolaxoo said 
^••a to ue null ..nd Yoid ^4 r. clou4 *.^ to oa«pl«amat i«d 
air«oto that Jo.-eph ■■ier.bowoil ox.oute hi« .ttit-oiai« ^«.«| of 
tho Hare etroot property t. oo«pi..i««nt. »o point io »d« hero 
that tho deoroo in 3r««p.ot to .,.14 do^d xmU upm a f^«t ...Ib 
afitr the i«eueo wore for«od» apj,eu^«t« «yi4«ntly hariafe^ .miv.d 
the for»ali^^ of .. mpplumMmU.1 UXX ««f.i»« np th*.t fuet, and 
«««jr error in procedure in that roepect. 

The deoioe, therafovts, ia .uffinueti, 

^^yittoy, ?. J., smd Jiteh, J., oonour. 



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244 T A. 639^ 

W. JUSTICE BAR5HS SIXlVKItSJD THE OPIBTlOir €7 THS OOORf* 

This ie Mil to «3iforo« a «ecfa.>»ni«*» 11 wj. Th« 
property In qunstion belongs to appelianta* hu«ban«t <%ii«l 
wlf«. For their b«!wfit the huBbond «i$J»e<S a written 
ftfreeaent with appellor by i^ioh ap»»elie® «?a© to do e«ytsia 
work on the preaii^'osj for tha sun of |470* The agroejaen* 
proTided thnt "Holfor agreoa to raiao ch© ouiUlnis * ^ * 3 
f««t high en eedixr posts , e'tf" an<^ furnieh mil «»t«rl«il kbA 
labor, &l«o to put la tJjo oaaomnt all arouart aeooad-hand 2" 
Plwtto for the fouaci tioa smA the re^t of r luiab«r, also to 
rapair all four wjtlls sfldlng 'sharsrer it la noceeeary &n4 
rtpftlr tha front fonco, aa<j put concret® coping long eid« 
•f oa« wrU and sidewalka.** 

Tho hill allege* thiTit coHa?lsinaat eoMpl«t«$4 tha 
••rk e&liod for ia th« o.ntr lot, and that including the «jrtr«o 
*frood upon, thare waa duo hUa #691.91, on which dofend^int 
•hould ha oretiitao with a o«»h payiwmt of il50, and the 
•^dltionul amount of $154.94 for luahar furalehad by tha 
lurlaaa Uxmbex Company if p«ad by defondaata to tha lattar. 

Said lunbar coapaay wtjn permittad to fila an 
Utanrenlag patitioa ea tha thaory th t it furalahad auoli 
^«**r to dafend^jita, and the Bpat«r fouad th^t It waa 



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entitled t© a lle» on the preatiaea for that Aatouat. But it 
app«arla« from th« «Tldenot that mU eomtmy funUahod and 
daXiverwJ the luiab^r not to defeadants but to oo«pialaa«t oa 
hi. ordfer, amJ th^t It did aot eoaplgr with the statute glvlag 
a lion to a ©ubcontro etar, suad thttr«5for« it vaa aaterlal 
furniahed by ooaplaiaant uodor hi. oo«tract. th« cl^ax-ee prop«rl|r 
included the cost thereof m the amomt for whieh he «a» entitled 
and given a lien* 

SSttoh iaBBaterial evid^noe was receiv^sd by the metsr, 
■uch of it rel&tlB® to £he purtlee' ttnder»feandla« and Intey- 
FTot^tlon of the written eoatraot. ^esuaabl^- it mxB, and 
•hould be» disxttgarded. 

The exceptions to the mater* s report «ere overruled 
•a* it wee oonfirnod In all reapsote exoept a® to tha fiadiac 
that the luaber company waa entitlftd to a lien* 

the eth«r OTearruled exceptione on whioh error is 
*»«itaed were to the effect that the meter'e report «aa 
contrary to the evideaoo and not in aocordeace »rlth the eon- 
tract in that oojuplainant dl« not co««?lete the 8«me ahd defend- 
Mit. had to hire one Catanello to ooaplete it at an extra 
ce»t of urn, and that the aaater failed to credit defendant. 
*Uh expeaeee iaourrod for plii«bi«« and reatoring a eenent 
•ldeeaU» and that coi«>lainant ws^e iauproperly giran credit 
^•t certain etripa pat on the outalde of the building. 

We hoTO oarefully exmained the eriuenee and while 
t»w Uidtod toowlcdge of our language by defendants render. 
■*8li Of their OTldeaoe indefinite and uneatiefactory, yet 
«l»ia« it the aoflt farorable interpretation »e are not prepared 



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%o «•/ thnt the eottrtU fiudlag* w«r« agwiasfe the welifht ©r 
the erldence* 

Ae to the item ef llooi The eontreiet reiiuiree 
eomplalmat -to put la the bxs^aeat all ^touM e®eai»d»h»ad 
2" planlee fer the foundation.* froja the evid^aoe u %pu«are 
th«t they «era to be pUoed on tej? of the poetet and were not 
•0 placed hy eoaplalimnt. It ahowe, toot that the poeto reet^fd 
OB the bare soil. Cl«i»l»g that the eontxaet la thee© reapecte 
wee net ooapletsd, appellaats hlr«Jd one Catim«slle to pat « 
fouadafcioa of concj-ete u»d«r the poetw, s.mi place the pUnke 
were complainant ^waa awppoeed to put thess hwt aid not.* For 
each worh «m»i other work not iaalwiec In the coatrsct» but 
•aeame<i to be by defeitdimte. Q&tumlU &» paid a lu«jp mm 
of IIOC. if 9o»pl«ti©a of the contract required placing ^m 
klB4 of a foundation bene^xth the poete md pi ,cl»g ouoh pUako 
on top Of the poete or otherwise than placed by co»^plain.Mt, 
yet in the abaenoe of proof of the reatsonable cost of that 
fert of the ^»ork for which oo«pliAia«at «ould be h^U liable 
the court could not gire tiefendnnta credit for ClOO, or s,ay 
definite pRrt thereof. 

The oradito oUi«ed for jauiabin« work did not oom 
tt«Jer the proviaioaa of the contract. The court, howeyer, 
elloeec eoaws thing for the new oeneat eidowalk and pre© unably 
for that reaeoa oh^^rged defondanta with onl>- two-thirde of tho 
•••ta, which aiBouat to aA7.ao. Te«ti«ony relatiiig to that 
•ubject ,^ad ai^o to the etripa ie not sufficiently clear and 
••rtaia to sarrant » ohAose in th« flndimr* 

It ia urged that the evideaoe doee not aho« that 
*>» allowances oaiie ©ca^pUlnant for extra work were the 



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rifji80iifi1»le» fair and tt«>uetl c«»t of tl»« «.«»•. Tliiji point 
not htKTing, b«cii «M4e in tho court beio®, oanaot b« rainesi 
htro for ^e first tlato* 

whllo th© de«r«e should hstm nxpTm^ly dispeeo<l 
of the iaterTening petition tht point Is not r&l««d* finding 
no reTorslblo orror w« wlU afflra tto« d«orott* 

(^rldley, i, J,, aa^ Fitchf J., eoneur* 






♦'g«D>'?:ci* -T » > «iio»!i1 ,*>u.ii 



laO • 31^49 






.D«f«nd&)its In Error* 






tWe writ ttoeks t&« r«Tl«w of a 4eor«e diemlssing 
co«|)lains<at»' bin Ur vmt of C'.iuifcy. mo 1,111 aUegiN* a 
partnoroblp r«lBfcloa ^etwton tha ps^rtles rbcI eougHt on 
aocoanUng. The ps.rta«r»mp a^rc^moat «ae ettt«re<l Ijjto July 
X«. l»ai, no m^M&ii^ the i^eoatttr ....t«i©y Football fe^oft." Xo 
dofinito toxa or th« <iur.fttlo» of tko pa^toorahip was flxort 
Mid ao doflBittt «rr*ii««flients wore mue t»ttfeire«B tb«« for oeit* 
«a«ti«g ft football to»« for tho otoooii of 1922, Qnn woo, 
fcoweT.r, oondttctod by &>itmdsmU, an<t tfao bill soeks aa 
»ocou«tl«K from mm for tho profit* of both yoaro. 

Th« cvldttnoo pr^mntn the quvetloao whotiwr iho 
Portaorohlp was not ilia«olT«4 b«i*or© the footteaU ooaeoa of 
I92i, «a« whothor there w«*r any neeesUty for «m accounting. 
^« flwllBco of tho oaeier on khoa« Quoetlone woro ttg&ln«t 
©••plaljMiBto. and tho queafelon beforo uo la »alnly *h«thor thoy 
•rt .upportod by the weight of th« oTldeaoo. e thtnk th«y aro. 
"•'^ohlaft th«t conclualon It 1« uan«oe««*ry aad would bo 1«- 
Pr«etu«blo to revlo* tho eoaflloti«« and volu«lnou« tOBtl«ony 
'»•» »hlch hlB coneluslono ««ro doduood. Wo ohall, thoroforo, 
••Mix reclto the oalioat f&oto fouad upoa v^hlch thoy root. 



08.1 



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I. the y.„ 1»M «,« A. 1. 6t.av "-.nuf « ,„xaa Conp^ 
.«.« It. «PX0,.., ,,«.„!„, ... „„„„„ ^ ^^^^^__^^ ^^^ ^^ 

t« d.f .„,»».. .h. «„. ,...^„.„t ,„,^^j ,,^^„^_ ^^^ ^^^^_ 
UIl .l«b .a. . .«»„ „ ,^. ,„^„^ Pr,f .„,i«^ i,„,»^i 

.«i«a «1U.. or „., „„,^. j,,,,^^^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^ ^^ 
.««!«« ,r„ln«t pi„,.„ .., .^, ,»,,^ ,,^ ,^ ^^^^^ ^ ^^ 
.«!/ par. .r l,ai. tt x,.0 U.... ,i^„. „„ „,,,,,, „ , 

'""" J>"y«4 that y,»r ia »«io«» 
«»»»•«. iBcludlne OMoago. 

I. «« .,n«« Of i,.i ,^, „.„^ ^^^^^^_^ ^^ _^^ ^^^ 

^.r^rur. or th. u™ r,. .„..„ „ ^,^, ^^^_^ ^^ ^^^ 

^««r, .7. X..X. „„.,.,., „,, ,, ^, ^^_^^^ ^^^^^^^^^^ ^ ^^^ 

««u. «nx Liai,, aai a.our.d « raition !««». 
'»•- It r.r tJ,. «. .r It, ».„».u ,„, („^^^,^ ^^^ ^^^^^ ^^ 
*»'■■) m Chlo,^. r.r th. xa.t thre. »„th. .r X».X. .Men ,.. 

•««.« t« th. n.« or th. cw.,.. ci„o », v.„». it. ,,..j,..,, 

V .h. A. S. tax,, Jfcu.ar.„turl«g 0«,»,^„ », ^^, „ 
'•frt.«.t«tiTO. 

". *«.x„,« ,^,„. ^ ^^^^^_^ ^^ ^^^ _^^^ ^_ ^^ ^ 



t^^flA »®'s>«(^ awJ^.t;** b«'v^i% »^im^ §^ m&%% ^^*ri©-: -^iSs 



•9« 



a football pl*y«y, »ith the rie^ of aeour.itg tli« »ervle«9 of 
m. brother Clu.rl«», tlw oo-o«ftplnln.mt, i.Jm» ««ib noUiJ a.* « 
pliiyor. im<t other pUj^r» trtio«e 9«rTi«o« s «,ich irero «o«troU#ct 
by wld ¥liii«« HArloy. TU# eonfer^aoe* r«9ult«<l in %)m F^rtaw- 
•Hlp acr«e»««t aboTo referred to, whleh r«ad» ae f0ll«w»i 
•camrlo. . Barley, Edwi^ c. t«riMy«m, Wllliftm ferity mA 
«••»«• o. Halaa «tor Into ^a «^«««eBt thl. istl* tf^y of ^ly, 
1921. to >aii««e the i^ecatur taloy Football fo*« i«,<j to «lii,r« 
•qtuaiy tho profit, and losooo of said t«^. The «bov« four 
•«od win present to 0^. I. CJ««ia»erl*la porio^ioally rfuriag 
tho footbaU oeaaoB of 19ai. » »u« of mmy to b« tiaslgttAted by 
thta.* .^id j:«reea0nt was eigned by eaeb of tke said Uv» 
mmmttt parties. 

Pttrauaat to tbv «»rr<^as«Bieat the olub ^t«red iato tlM 
waooa c»» at tHe Cubs parJt, i« tl^o adiaa* of 0«tcb«. llll«« 
fcrloy attended to cortaia bu«la«». «att«r. aad i«|ii o^re^ ^f 
tb« «at«o of «d«lasloa, anct th« othar partlos to th« &sro«««at 
••ro playore oa tb« tamsi. 

October 6, W21, tho ^^taley Coa;p«ay addre.wd « lottw 
to -Tho f talay FootbaU T«.«" ©onf tralag a rerbal a«ra*.«a«t to 
»l«e th. aa««a of all tlw football pl^ytra {aot to ««L«t«4 19) 
•« tha co«paay« payrolls .^t a a^^ry »f $25 » w«,k, »Ath tS*. 
«etptlon or: thoee already b*ln,j takea c .ra of oa ra«»ar^ Jobt, 
wtU It paid #8,000, laolttdlB« ^5,000 to b« pal4 for «<iT«rti«l»g 
la the footbr.ll ttta»«» »oor« =ook, the agree^eat to end at the 
•Una Of the football aeaaoa. Aa agreement to tliat effect wao 
•ntered into and elgae^S the a»ae day la the aaaea of the .. K. 
-taley M»>.Bufaeturiag Ceapaay, by its pr«al<l«at, and the "staley 
'•nb«U Club,- by aeoxgc ... Hal**, »ma««r, and Edward C. 
" «raaaM, beth esqUoye. of the coapaay oa Ite regular payroll. 



1® s»i>i'^? 



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• Ju XO A ''^■ijj I'^JlJ.' 



-4- 

y«r« dTftwn fron the bank Fal^fuai^ I6t -L^-^^ '• wliera %lie fun^m of 

ti«« to th« P''irta«srfthlp agro«£»«»t* Oaljr #7«71 iat«re8t en tli« 
bank ^iioeouBt r$iiiaitt«ti vuMti«tri¥at«dt hut ili« saiM w^e aub^^ct %o 
tkt Joint order of wiiilau a. H^irloy Hii«i the two ci«f<sxid%at«* 
\l*$Li€ sun and oertaln 3we<».t«re ^ml twMtfl» la pos««s«i0a of defeat- 
ftnto oonatitute^. s^ll the i»,»eet@ of tk« |>artn«r»hip not dlstrifeutedt 
aad th«»o <e$«r« tea4-er^d to compXainatits before tht la&titutloi% of 
the ettit fmi a^in ^<ifor« tMt siift0t«r» aad ^0 the DE^et^i^r found 
•r« a till subject to ^<^liv«3jy oa the ooatlnaing t«B<ler. 

7hs p«irtnership Hg7a«»«nt i&pjiareatly oeateffipX^t^d a 
f«rtn«irship onl/ for th« r^ogst^i^a »f ld;i3.» as it tpttciflociXIar 
roforrei to periodio r«|>orta %& Ch^Mteerlain ""iJariac Use football 
•OABOB of XGSl*" Hoivt'Toyt no Hftv^>im&&.x. ^am nmt^rM Into between 
th« portiee ter %hft foU.O'wia® year. It ftpp«airo, iiow«v«r, thrtt 
In J«LnttA)!7> I9Qv:t aegotiatioiM ^«ord h.-^^ botise^a >'^h»«ib€rloi»« 
th« s«p«r late ad eat of tho '''ialoy Maaufiaisturtag €oK|>Bay» nad tlui 
yreoidoat of the Chio^i.go S«=t.tioa'-<'il X.«iaKtt« Ball Club ysith refeiroaeo 
to obttilalng a Iojsso of the 3ttb« ball |>ark for tho football »o»Aoa 
of 1922. In its QOi-rtt^poadfLao^ th« -ts-loy Ooasmajr oxproosod tho 
iatontloa to itlaco aaoth'^r footb«%ll teeoe in the fl«14» aa«il Ktat^^d 
thn,t it h<<id no oth«r represoatiHtiTe ivt '&h«»t tine thfta itsi eaid 
•uporiatcttdent. In an iat^.-^i«'-« th»-t fellow«Ki bet'wo^^a Vrook Mad 
^^teaborlaia* ^tt whieh clef«nd«tat« woro prooontt Vt<$ek oaid th^tt 
<itfoa<likat« would have to b« a ^tovemiag jjj^rk of th« . ootbftll 
tOMi of th« *; tftloy p«opl«* if they wore to s^curo tho lea»o« 
^^k^nborlain s^id th^t ^oftfacnata would have to go bAok to 
I>M«itur whoro tho a&ttor of th«ir connoetioa with tho football 



» intf$ml^m'itm>f» xtsm%Mtk%p. ^mM^^'t^^ ^l^x»i««^i«sq ©=8(5' 
««««*« XXM*s»«'i- *at# t»l ,sji^'ai<i- lljeuf iRtfiM'l) *i.;. -l'iik»iiii 

. ^ .v:,.;i' ^■\. 't& » 



t—M "^ovlIA %« &rraag;94« but th^xi h« h»4 issbtic up hie olttl' tluit 

!•• I922» tise t^tnley Compimy .^«at «t letter to V««Gk ^it^j^tiag 
that th9 c«»p«!t&y hnd eoooludad t@ wlti^iSraitr its «p|>llec^.ti«»a for 
tiM tts« of th« pr«rk for 1922 u^ dieoonlinue Its Aihleetiie 
««Btie«ti«a»« thM 9om^n2r ^itt n&t o|»«ri&t« a f«t(it)»ftll t«ii« for 
that jr«&r sm6 forl»&c« th« tts« of the as«o of tjbio t«aja* 

7heroa.rt«r WiXli£ak Earlajt motiai; «ippar«ntlr soXoljr 
1b hlc vm Intereot* %86 .iiaaa aJid Ctextuataok likewioo aotiag 
oaly ia tlieijr Jjolnt Int^ireoto* ^euglit a len^o fsrosi Veeok of the 
eubo iiarlc for the jro^r X9'M» Veook sdl^i ]%« woul4 ^itr9 tlm 
!«&«• to ^hoerttr obtained th« fraae&ls« fi-oa tji<r /^aex'leaii 
ProftioloiuU. ^'oGtltaXl \8s?<oolatio&« -:uf%«r%.nr48 %t its ffi««tiiig 
iR c&atent Ohio* i<^m-ty ad» X9SJ2* EiarXey pmnimt*^^ im ^ppliQ-fiiimi 
thorofor la his oim a«»i»* lund £lal«i8 &M hternmtistn prison t«^ oito 
la tholr n&ae »ad thv-^t of ^« Chle^^^go 3«0.r f'ootfe^.&ll ';;Xul»» to 
oporato a footbAll te^is la Chicago for the |p««« X$23. Tho 
franelileo 9v « graatod to ta« l^ttor saoA lat«r they eoeured & 
loaet for the uoo of tha Ca1»a ^arlc froa V««ok* Botii tiio fr^nehloo 
•a4 loaoo wor« gx-antod to ta«ai la the aa»tt of the Chlfi«^.£0 Bears 
7ootlMdl Club* Xac*t which (iii^firadaato org%al3«4 stud ooatroXXod^ 
•ad with vhloh th^^ HarXoyc had no eoasidctlsra. Hiji/Xosr ^tteaAod 
•old aattlag of the Aa»ool^.tloa cuad mtm preaoat isit th« oaaelcm 
vhaa the reapttctlvo rippXlcationa i««re dli^ouaao^ «uwsi ths frfmehlatt 
vaa graatod to defaadisiato. t the noetlac HarXay also a.ppXlo6 for 
uiA «*« grnnted a franchise la hi a owa aaaie i& o]»er«i^te a tea« 
at HlX^nukea* aXthou;^ he had preTlotiaXy ma^o & trly th«r« with 
regard to the Matter at the expnaao of the p^r tnerehlp* Later 
la the nvrnmer of l^HZ h« appll4<$ to the pre^ldeat of ^«h« talejr 



•sot em-»& xjMSsi- ^}^^& itm btn -^^Mum^*' ^^ *mimk*fii«m 

y^*X«fs xi^»*^«w,«a^ -^Isvt-A' ^%9ltM a»U.tk^ TE#*%itt«wpCf 
«^j! !:« ie«.«? mett i»'»-m^.l & M^,»«ii> «£4jhii»T«;iinrt . 'fillet timiM , Mk-xJi 

Mare S!i|»^'!%«rain.!^ i$jft>mfrx9^'i:s :s»a;» «j»i:j^' j«itis tW»mi mr® »IM i^i ^^t^'u 

»4illltmm% fid^ af«©S ♦if»»»V h^isI; al%«<j %ti$tO laM t9 t»«f, ejlt- t.»1 •«« 
* ^£JC«frc*««i6i S;s«.« S»3>sij«,^^e mismtM^ti>% a^M^ «etsjwS «tfitfXvi SJLa/t^t 

jljti^er «t4»K(^ «|i;7« t^ Bhrni x^^^i'f'f^'x^ ^^'^ <Ml sf^iuMftJs i^mUtmlSM 



Ilfc«ttfe.ctttria^5 Coaiiafly r^w lh« rigki t« u»9 tke :.:.'tfel«y name 
for a football elub t;o te« 0p«JTato(ft at sin©t&«3r- t»®t^&ll paxk 
ia Chicago. The arequ®f?t Was d®ai«;'«i. ■■hile Harloy ol»lai«<i 
that the applies tlon w&e aa4e &t the la»t&Mot ©i^ lialasi, the 
lattor donled fmy kao-»ledg@ of Hurlvy^n immtioti to apply u 
;:.tsley for auoh purpose, and ,.-t-,l«y, tho |?r«isi«,^at of tlio 
com^'sjjy, teotlfl*^ %ht%t Harlty aid no^ jw&atloa any oth«r tfeai 
hlaoolf so Interested In th« proje<rt* 

At a Mooting of tho a8»ooia.tloia» tiiea known a^ tho 
fctlonal Football Le.^tte, Auguot ao, isi^s, «j.t JR^yton, iiarloy 
»ppli«ffi for RiMi was gTsiatfe«S a frfeaohl»e ia hi« mn n»m to 
operate a foo&bftli tmm at lolOtlo for tiist ee.itoott, Harloy 
oad Hftlao alto dles-greo aa to «h©th«r thlo apj^lioatioa wag 
■*4o la the latfefe^t of the pB.jrt»»er»hlp. Fr&m those v&riotta 
laoldfents the m^tor eorreetly fou««5, ^e thlalc, &n v%pr««»ed 
latentloa of the parties to <iisaoa!ilBtt« the old p&rtiserahip 
rolatioa* 

Xho ooatraot^ with the pl^xyaris follow«4 th« pro- 
•orlhod foria re4ttlr««j[ by tho ajUioaal le^gao. S'hooo for tho 
ytor i»2i #«rfl botweea the indlYitSual pleyoro aad ih« ttaloy 
'•otbftll Club. «ai<» thoso fo3P the yopr ifXE b«^tw«ea tho playero oatf 
tb« Chicago Seays Football luo, lao. By provlaloa. !» th« 
Ploytro' coatraot. the oiab by wrltt^in cotiw to the plnyera 
Wior to a eertsla date aight roaow the ooatyaot for tho tor» of 
*h«t y«««, exeepo that tho oalary should bo ouch ae the partloo 
•l«bt then agree upon, or. la default of tho a«r«eaent, «$ueh aa tho 
olw, Bight fix. The pl«yer waa required lo e^ooept the anlfiry tteto 
fixed or else aot play duxlag i,he y&x otharuioe th«a for tho 
•Itt. unless rele«*aed by lt# Thlo reeervsttloa 



•j(<# «i» ai*#S!i sE9#fSf ««>*#,« J.ft#»8sii «jiS;^ %<? "i^sikt^mn j«» M 

d# e«ajft «■!*« als«. al »8.M&«.«i*i M ^•:^inint ^^'^ S^aw «®l! ^il 

!(«■;;■ ■,' ;te»-«rti&tf 3P»v ^?rf3 'St©'! »«i>if* IrtSJ* ■««fi;;XO lljs43 



-7- 

«f the olaSj An<t t.M proaise of th« player » nofc to play during 
th« ym.t 0t)ier«it»« tium wii;3i t^« olttb we^e «xpr«««ly token 
oonalder^tion la fixing th« e&lrvry, a»^. ike imeierti^iag %^ p^ it* 

Xh« cooatituUon 3j}i! l»y«la,w« of the foot'b&li «k»i%eoi%tion 
also eojitftlB th« iirovialoa th&t in i;k« exemt %hn,t bm or^a»i£Ati<t]!i 
lialdlag ai&tialierfihip in (li« st^e^ooi^^tion eeaenn to txint, tlM£ ot^her 
■•Btocri of the %seecis%tioa «er« to be Kiul^ notified anti fiyfaisii^il 
irlth th« aaMWR »Bd addr«»a«« of %)m pimyers r«l«&«e<l l»y o^id 
•rganisstioB* alito that in th« 0T«»t & joint ptrtne3r8hi9 h9lA» 
n«Bt)«rahi|» in th« Aseooi ition ^nd ie die^oiirodt tho ^lepoHltioa 
of the playero t&rwsTly u»4or ooatr- ot with it im»% ho na^dlo hy 
th« former |>4^rtnoz's» and th@ aesrotfiry'tret^^urer notified of tho 
tf«t«ils of the sottiowont* 

ttiMT9 iff%s no proof of iioay action takon nnd^ssr th@ latter 
yroTislott* 3ut oottplsiinant? .maintain by roason of the raoorrH«>tioa 
olanee in tho contr«et vith the plsy<%x» they aottuirod valuahle 
righto in their oentraots ^hioh eonotitutod nn Aei^et of the 
pRrtaerehi; <^t the oloee of the foothall veaeon of 1921 • they 
eleo eontend that the p rtaerehip hsts nerer been dieoolrsd and 
no aoeount taken or eettlement iMde* 

The m^eter found th%t hy reason of the refoenl of tho 
^teley Kanitfeto taring Ooms^ny to continue ite conneetioa with 
profeeeional foothall for the yesir i922, and by its failure to 
epply for e renewal of ite franohie^^ to opex'ate ae a neiaber of 
the profeoeional football Ji%8i^oei&tien thrtt on or n.fter January 
2*t 1922« the ^ taloy Yootbell Club oot^eed to ojciet &® a footlNiJLl 
elttb and ao a «ember of eoid aaeeoiatiott* and thet on that date 
the p&rtnerehip srrangeaMtnt ter»innte6» and th^^t no othov 

PAYtnerehip «&« fort&ed between fehe parties to thie aait. The 



mu lo ■•■■ ■ '■■■ ■■"'■■' ^•■^^* *3iMi* ja'staaitfx'-^i ■x«s«t»'X 



«KX a^ 



,5 /■?', ^ <•-■>*' 



. :K .,^U%^ *«i!i' R4»«'t<i«'lf . ■ '^'*^ 



■Aftter furthor found tit t Ute Tetaevrw^tiem elauee la the plny^ra* 
••atrscts for 1921 was tuiMafereiblc ag&liwi ftu«k plajrem on tli« 
dlasolutioa of th« :^t«loy CIiil», and >fas no% enforeilblo in feTOf 
•f the Chleajgo aeara Foot)»all Clttls>t or toy emy of tli« psirtios to 
tiii* aultt aod tliat none of sal(^ parties lifici; i^ay own(!ty«lil|> or 
control ov«r fch« pXsigroro after tlx^t di3:te» aad* tJ^oreFfOJref that 
the yl^yorc' oontr iOt« irith tko ''tftle/ Clab and ita good will 
cannot b« aeeounted m p rtae^ahlp ^8B«t of tlio paxtiofl to thio 
•ult. 

In reaelilag tho@o oonslusioaa tii« imstor noaoaoEriljr 
iMd to Aooept tho ooaolualoaa of oat wltaeao or &Boyiier whoro 
XhMix ioattiaosy «as oonflicting* Oa the Yoreioa of th« ®ri6enem 
aeocpted by hia »« e«« ao o<io°^«loa tox (lUttstioalag hitt eon- 
eluai<«a* The --taloy Football Glv^ ^ae formmd «n«l oreaai%ed by 
tha rtalay Mcir.ufiso taring Coapany. Its athletic director* Hit.la«t 
vaa to aMLn^i.e;c ths elub* It wt&a aaod a» a median of a(iT«rti»lag 
tlM ctftiay -oap^my'e buaiaooo* the coAp»ay praetlot^lly turned 
th« club over %o He athletic tsuouger to oontlaua oa vrith ito 
Baaa for th<2 eeaaoa of 1921 under the tonaa apoeifiedt wharobgf 
the a«ao was to b@ oon^^uotod by the sma&ger of tha slab with an 
axpaaao to the taley M«.auf >!ic tui lag Coaptiay of $&*OaO* 7ho 
partaerahip contract «aa oaa to a»inag« ihe olat; for the fow 
partiaa to this suit* aad for thft diviaioa of tha profits aai 
laaaaa batvaea thea* JSto tiao «na fix«t! for th« temiai^tlea of 
tht par ttt«r ship* «Lnd tha ngraeaent b«t%Gea than and tha ^tftlojr 
Vanafaetttrine; Coapaay did not conteapl&ta arrfeagoaeats aithor 
batwaaa UuauselTaa or with th« t^ley Maiuifa,c taring voaqpcoiy bayond 
^ka aad of tho footbsill aaaaoa for 19^1. \ad «han the atftloy 
Maaafaetarlag Cttmptmsrt a^ich hald tha loaaa for tha uaa of tho 
^•ago Bnaoball Park* ooaoludod not to haiva a football toaai 



Xiytsit ni #i;^irt<*'las' ■^msn «a» iteiflw »fii<»l^ x»X«.l'- »J£l# -ie «©4«tfle« 
ai3Xe|^'-i;»v:'K« %« i«irl§S'->ft4 a «u^ j^«aii£ ««ir #£ «#kX«» «jCjf ;9fj|«j(iuie >d^^ 

«.l'i dd'Jt'^" SS£» «i|DG!l^lX«)0 ^1^. JE^w^A^tftf -dtS^li^r. iiiit. ®£ 'X«»mt «llf»XQ 

'Sii&''i 44ii net euin '.-^i^ »]pta»!W( '«M e«t« «.t^,w 4'»/^^4i«<»S'.. 9X4te«|MW) 

fM^) i«{^J^'t«':.^ ^iU %'St ^itlt&^Xvt^'t 1!>.1!U v«1 »m .t$lmi ttliS^ St.? 9>»t$ 

ft2M^««f xii't^gabSiv :si^i^»0 ii^lMUisM xis-lM i usiii 4xU«». Y« a«yX»8A»tfi smm 
^iMSi^^ »sil »9ii».Jmy I X€i.i fii«a®®.* XX,««f*<»aU SMf* "St fo-at®^^ 



•»4 



tt^r the j^&T 19^2 » saiiii r«fiia«d so grant tlM «»« of its name for 
Uwt purpoe* tJrie ^^iRlogr F(»oi,b«ill 7ettm» wink whloh th« oontristets 
vliii th« pla.yera w«r« »&<i!-«« uaqu«tetl€»ttiiMy o«m^«4 ba exist » and 
with it f«ll tli« ^rraagesKftat for aaj fuirthtr laaiia^ewe^t of th^it 
ttlab to/ the |i«irtiisrs!!iaiip. A« a e«ii»«iiiiioS'ii« th« its^^r liter ^hip trae 
disaolYeiif not only loy th« ooaij;)l« tioa of t}i« i»tt8ia«)»a for which 
it «&• for»tt<l« tout by tko oxprooo will of tfoo ■^m.riinntn &» iiidieatod 
l»y thoir eoveral aobioiso r@«iOj!cni-£iisi« th«t ^hieir afr«@mi»ft ««,« 
li»it«i<l to the aanagoaent of tiso '--taley FootbaXl Clu^, am^ tlmt 
tko ftt%ittid» of the '^taisy tti&naf ae tuxiag Coapiaety rot^uir^ti % aow 
orr«BC«Bttnt* It ie elo^r titiat non® ^k^e^ st&^o bet'^sfx) 6ktt parties 
to thio suit* If ©tt® w&a sTer eontesiplat©4 it w»8 tiover «fftet.«<l« 
Tho YAriouB steps troicon lay the p.«irti««i i^^paratolyt ®o aboiro stato^^f 
iaaio^ti&d no inteotioa ob thoir B>^^t to aet ooXXsi<eti'rttly or s^o « 
portnerenij^ after the ^.^t^Xoy l^iawfaeturistg C&mj^sin:^ '^i^Mrow from 
tho fioitii &nd they diYii^o<t tfoo ^rofito Of tho oioood ooaeos of 19il* 

lted«ir th« r9eogisi«o4 ee^atoe of <li»@oltttloii of p^xtiiorohii) 
botli toy th« stiituto tooo. IX» oh* 10«a» C&hiU*e UX. B« r^.) and 
oatboritieo on tiio i»ubj«ot «o tMnk ther«» em& bo ao ^oubt of 
tbo diofolus^ien of tho p'^rtntrship ia at shortly after Jfa^ntuay* 
X92Zm (:itory o» JhiirtBerohipt @«e* '^^QOi jc%r»0£ie o» I^art»«r8hip» 
■00* 2B3| Kowl*y*8 Moidern I.aw on partnerohip* »oe<. 57^1 ^^„ ojT, 
Montreal t. ^ftga. 90 Hi, X09| 30to rer y» i^ra; to» 33 Xinn. 4C*a, 
*1<5» g»ime<3Jr y. ?ortor > 1Q9 »• T. S2«.) 

The general doetritto a« »tato<t la soo* S73 by Mowl«y» 
'00 the %tttboriti«« tboro referred to* ie ao folXovoi '*lt tlM 
ion«t]i of life of a p^^rtaeiraklp ls%e not bo«»n defialtoly fixed* 
•be flra exists ia ^enttral at will and lioy b« dieeolT04 «boiiev«r 
<uiy one of ite aeabero &oim fido eo chooooo.** Zt wne bold ia 



fit&«(«#«.Si' 9df A&i^'K ails ««S^/X iX4»*r**ft'? -^iMtii*-!.!* *fe«<|'1C4H[ t« 
ttjRW *a(»»Jt»»*i®ii 'sidiC*? **!i^^"tf'" -t »?ir»J:rf0Ji liSiEi8it»a *1«#'' 

• i:.S'rf.i lo ae«ijas» &»«t«t4Cit»' *<*!' 'Ss a»*iif>tc -/.'iijr bulk klHIi « 

®sC^ tl* *«|tes>Ii;»> ly&msittifr ««»d,J Bi»l*iTt««f#W-'» art.? A 



-I0« 



w»« not for « definite torn it «ight b« di«»olved by my mmher 
of tiio fijrw &t hlo ploftsure by notioe to his eopc.rtn«r», mu! th»t 
t.no act of on« of %h«m la going »w*5y aad abaswionlag tlt« bualnens 
*B4 proporty of tho t'lm i».no of itaelf sufficient notioo of hi* 
<l««ire to fc«riaimto the ccw^rtmrmhip rolatioa. The 3mo»lM«« ««oh 
of the partioft horo liad of t,m s«|»sir«te AppUoationo for r frsunoMoo 
fro« kiw Hatlon»l »»o®iation to opor&to n football oittb for the 
l»2ii o«»»on in Chioa^o ik^» »ufflel«nt aotlo« of the win of tho 
ywrtncro to t^rmiaRto tbeijr prior r«l«xtio». fJti«y «oiI kB«v} eltAt 
«lMev#r f ot tli« franolils* wotOd get th« le^so tot %h» Cubs j^k 
•nd tbfjt th« other sroald a*o«»«arlly b« «xoli«l«d fr«« lie benoflto 
without a now arrangomnt between thaa. That tho partnorolilp wag 
offootoally ill»»©lT«<t osatnot bo doubtod, 

Inaaaueh m all tho proflto f ro« the pfartaorehlp «or« 
distributed, exoept tho amii ,xm of 17.71, which with the tangiblo 
property left was tendered before the »uU wii^ begun, a« afoi'^eaid, 
-vad inaeiauch a» there wore bo other ae^eto to fans the baelo of an 
aeeottntlng, we think the bill waa properly dl«al».o<{ for *»at of 
•q«lty* 

A?717aC-:Xf. 

arldloy, P, J., and ntoh, J*, conour. 






* f ?■ 



133 - ZX^€6 

ALICE C* i.SVSRY»S, administratrix 1 

of th>e «stat« of J(Ma&n« S. Leversa&t ) 

ApitelJLaat* 



2a BOSAf 



COOK Goiamr. _^ '\ 



^p«ii««. 244 i-^^* ^ 4 v) 



Joftsas 3« Leveren^t 4«eeaii9d» for wkoee osfei^to this 
suit vfts 1>rought UBdsr tho XnjQTl«9 &ot» ^bm txob. iaio 1»7 
d«f«Bid>at*s sutonobiXe &it^ killed* 

the doelstratlon eoatalss five eeiisto* ^iK^rgiag 
jrospectlTQly, B«gll|;oaeo (l) is faiX^urs to ^Ive a w^rRlngi 
(S) la oper^tl^ the 9iat&ai9^il« «ltb ftl«te eurtalBs on; (3) 
la isllfully aad ^astoaXy operating the nufe<»^MXet <^»& (4 
Mit S) la oyercvtlag It %t sn uareaeoaft^Xo su%^ of sptte4* 

the oourt took th« vlXful aad vriaatoa oouat trtm 
tlM Jury* ua th« oth«r lasass raleofl ttero v&e a verdict 
for 4«foa^sat« 

tliLLft* ftppoXlunt lias &6slgBed »ind argaei aareral 
allogod •rrors* in our t1«« of tju cna« De ae«d «eoaald«r 
oaXy the alleged error Instruotlag the jury &t the el»^ 
of pX&iatlff*it «Tld€aeo to find the dei^ead^iat not ^;ulXt7 
of wlXfttl aad w.^atoa negllgeaoe* 

Tha aooldeat took pXaee after d&rk whea the streets 
were lighted froa etreet Im^e ^tvi etores aloag the street* 
ehoat 7 o*olook p« ■•• Octoher 2, 19^4. It h^.ppeiwd oa 
«eet 55th street betveen laehester end iE^hey streets* 









«»s?ilsqci,. 






#»tS»' .-.^t &»«liii£ a^titasl '-vititl* 'i4U 'fiO .-^x-; 

mt9if%i* a^ w»(iH ^iCis^Jb Ta^l^ •t}«^XQ; Mo9l ^tt»l>l90ii MET 

am iM«*^.nif ii ^k^^' .^ •% :te«£o*» r «&o< 



-2- 

1%L« sotiih side of the bloek ^n.m e<»ajplei«l^ balH up with 
l»u»iii«»3 utores* Th9 ttoxth side eofit&itted nflOBe stores ajoA 
eett«««8 ajtd soiae T&oatit Iet«* the little glrX*s parents; 
liTsd in or orear ob« of th« stores <»a the eouth 6id# of t}M 
bXoelc» B<m«^here sear ite Middle* .ihe left Iter imam mod 
^ettt ottt OB the @tr(si@t a very short tl»e lo^fore the aoeideat* 
apfusrestljr to get »o»e> «ididj t/ith & pe»B^ her father Iwdl 
given hert and «&e a truck Ibjr defeR^-^fit*^ $\atdKK»hll^ while 
he ve,« drlTljag the s.jJis n^^eet «m the north (or »eet booBd) 
«tre«t e-^je traek* So wit&eet* net erea def^-na^^tf soticed 
her erosvlBg the gtreet* ^Ad the te«tii»»aQr <^e&s not ^^fialtel/ 
dlecXoie free irhieh side she mts^* It tes4(£<l to she%» we 
tfalBJct thr&t she e^ae fres th@ south side* 

iflaiatiff*e eTldeaee w»8 to the effeet that defet^imt 
was iariviag at the r&te of 3 mllee an honrf thmt the street 
w^e eleeir trsm ourh to eurh i^t the p^sjirticular point where the 
eecideat l^ppeaed* ^ad that there was nm othi^r p^esilag Tehli^le 
or oar oa the street to obscure hie Tislmi of suegreiM lesTii^ 
the eide^ralfe froa either side aear the pl^^oe of the ueeideat* 
that plftlatlff m&a drlTing is a e^r with cloeed oart^ianf 
that he pat oa hie hrakee &t the acHaeat of the ia#%«t aad 
the ear raa eoae 50 feet hefore it stepped. 

w« ehalX mot discues whether saeh a et&te of f&cts 
ceaetittttee w&atoa sad si^ilful aegligenee &b defiaed ia tla* 
folioulag casee referred to In tfes ^riefa. ( ?eople t. fo oteey* 
519 111, 1131 Jeneary t. S. Jj I» Tr. Co .. S06 id. 39 2 1 
jPeople y. galkoTitch» 230 id* 321 1 Peop le y« Caa harie/ 
2f7 id. 4S9i reople t* ^ehirwrta. 293 id; 218 1 Joaee ▼. 
Pf^aer . 23S 111. App, 3g2| lamd ▼ , « Oahora e» i<^ ill« pp» 
^5''») JNit vithoat repeat lag v^hat wue said ia th«M «o 



8-$iS€k^j^ r'/tIb «X;r*ii; iS£f^ •a^aX i-r-ffia^i? &m^ hsm 5$ss;?a 



( 



;-.©i|»fci:?iv -\^-?.i. 



•Xoliii. - ^_^ ... ... 



id sir* £<«> 4siq Sfli V- 



-3- 

thlnk tli«j folly Jastlfy hal^lag that it «a« a qtk«@tlon af 
fft«t f9r tlM iury to d«terffiixu» tihftther th@ speed at which 
plctl&tlff w&e drivlag, ;»«ijigt ^& it tiftSt at a r&te whlc^ 
th« et&tute B(%l£«s grii^ ^^fi , Af n^lis^isoe* together ^Ith tite 
detailed oircufi^tajiees* ooa«titut<»a wmat«B &iid willlil negli- 
gea«« as 6«ifis«d ia thoe@ ease»« 

7h« deoislORs r@Ii»<l on 1»jr afpelXee iavolTe saaialy 
e«nal4erati«»i ef the -^^Ight «f ths sTidense as t« «»atett 
ssd «ilfal 8dgllgei«s^» a sa&tta? » %» hefmf stat«4t smt 0p<m 
for ee»slder itioB of Ui« eaart i» givii^ a.%i^ i&struetl&ii* 

Aa thtt 4^^'-^>^n^ mksit b« r«Tera@& for eaek ttrfor ^nfi 
tlM emu9« remr-eddd fo? i& a«'£ iirXiaX it is i&psepmr t^x us td 
dismstt »t this iijMt th« tv«ight of th« oYi^i&i&ee in ths saset 
«uui uimateees&ry to &«mMi4^x :«Liieg.sd sxr^r is givisf eth^r 



aj?-- .■•Ig.*tt gle^-nl ■<5 %'tT <g «fS2l-r3S 9$uAi;:i~ ■ 

9i nut ifol rsqi-' 



• %»0'iSti .- :. -siS: 



190 « 3l2d0 






nom mDimiov, I 2 4 4 I • A« 640 

App«llaiit« ) 

MR* imvicE MRmn nKiivmm fm o^^mim of tHs eom-??, 

fhlii i« aa ftppe&l from si d«!Q]r«e la chajace}^. The %>11X 
vaa filed Isy^ John ••twoo4 aad hie aoa 7ra03r« lEmt &a &he 4«er«« 
found %hrxt traoy was sot entitled to r^^llef t »« eJkiall ref^r to 
Jobs estveod as th« 0o»j»li^laaiit > und to the l»ill only bo fax 
M it inT0lT«8 hiJB &ad th® d>:f<»a>dnat» 

Ats aBt«ttde4* thffi bill tuati &h« j^rdof ia KUpj>ori^ thereof 
ar« prft(iioat«d en th« oXftim th^it eoajplnlnaat aa(^. tiefen^saal entered 
lato f^a or»l £s|(ree£K«at for the puteh'vAss of eertf&ia real estate | 
tknt oht «aa tOt iSkad 41o. ''^<$Y<%ao« $2700 for hiai oa tha lnlti«d 
9«ya«ni^« for «hieh h« a3»lgae<i to har <^» eoll&tttral for tho 
adTaaoeaeat tea ahaires of ittooJc of appro^iaat&ly th%t yuluof 
th«t she took the title la her aaao aad holds it ia bruot for 
th«i| thjtit she hniB r«pttdiat@d the a^greeneat euod oliiiLlHUi tta^t ho ' 
hat ao iater«»t ia the roal eetato nnd %h^% th® «h«ir«e of etook 
vert glTon to her ae a present* aad refuoes to s^oaouat for the 
AiTideads thereeoi or to retura th« stoek* 

?he prajrer of the bill ia thnb she ho ordered to ns^tum 
tke etook or pay the f&lr aarket y%1uc thereof* aXlese^i to ho 
12660 oa April 20. 1924, »niA Aoks th t ehe he 4eeree4 to p»jr 
•^ttrer le due froa her. 

The aaawer dialed that there ^ar e aay eueh agreeaeat 



omm 



,A.:I 1^ 



«/wl, #■ *^ v^ \ 



■ ^:i»li^<m/' 









.f.;^®«>^ Mt m :'iso:r!a«^o ;3«f :ai«CTXd» ^sjaiE^ .JOiTsont 









i3»ji«c¥W '>^a b.tt(« ««4 i»Mw mAin s 



■ %d $^$ Bolt^'U htui fsMwei^ »di &i»^aJt&»9tt« «4ucr Ails jfAif^ |« 
M&99 ^9 &«%JSdA» WAS iM4 hne »$&4»'a lAwt t^di nl #fii»Y.9<ffit mt 



{^nd that eoBpl«ilnimt oontrlbuted nay sun ^to»t@v«r toward the 
9«rQh3.e« of th« property • and aliegt^s x)i^.% x.h.n mm^ waits piur* 
«)i< ■•<! 1»y h«r v'itli her own ao&«y> azk! the deed takeoi la bitr 
lUUM* It iRz-^kea no rsferoiaee to th« atoele* 

Beforo filing her aaov«r defendsat fil«<£ <i^ dewiurrer 
to th« blllf and «hll« it was p«a<ilJi<g both par tit £i O'org into 
coort 1»7 their r«»p«etivo oouBseX »iiii «sRt«r<e^<i l»to a i^tipuXatloa 
to th« effect that if coapli^iBfiat eouXd e&t&hlish her ol^iiai tho 
proporty should he sold* on^ e&oh should r@e«»i<re froH thii pro- 
o««<i« of th« fi&l« an axsouat proportionate to wh^^t ho h^d paii 
upon the proj»«rty« as »hoiild i&ppear **frda ah ».gre^%:fi«nt suhoo* 
quoatl/ to hd aa4e or ci<it®rmia^d hy the; fla^lngd of the court •" 

Thereafter the p-^.rtl«» OfuM li^sforo tho court <SJ)A 
repreceatei) thmt they were williag to go ahend upoa the 
Btipttl%tioa> &nd agreedl ia o#«£i court thsit ple^'idlag^t shoulci he 
filed l&ter to oonfora to the fiaelags of the ctourt apea the 
OTidenoe • 

Upon sttoh uB^er«t&n<^.i&£ the oeart proceeded to hear 
evideaoe and after the SEs.ae was clotset^ the ple:";diags> nfore&fiid 
were filed* Thereupon the ooart eater^Ad the deeree appealed 
frea* fiadlagt aneag oth«3r thiag»»« that the pleadiago had heea 
filed la purau^nee of the etipulatioa* hilo this io aot 
■triotly eorreot* it beiag an oral agreeai&att it le iaporttmt 
ealy a« coafirsiag ooffipli»inaat*8 contentioa of suoh an uador- 
elfiadiac* 

Couaeel for appellftat dwell r>t leagth oa the coatentioa 
«f e differeat uaderetnadiag* hile the procedure wits irregttl&r 
•atf eoafuala^Xt «• think the e-iee amst he eoaeidered upon the 
itsues rdieed by the plOAdiase »ad the erideaoo aaterlsl thereto. 



%.<iaf».» %»rt$$md^ flttfid Tywj S>^$«4tx$m9 StUMlMl^^ati iuii 



-tu((i ujm ^mu'^ #«l' 












£!>« ::. JSal^'T^v 









.s{|i^.^;r«'z*£>m;r rfecre ;»»i$^ 



■.mas, 









Th«i deorce findts thut John estwoe4 &&d dsfeadaAt 
•at*red into ma agrooaent to puraSiiii»e at tid re^;^! e«t«t«i» that 
tec gaT» hi»t said eboek as e)«ourit;>y for aiaklag thft initial 
ps^Bont on eidld property » th^^t aho h^a xemoin^ed the eontr&ot 
and eonrert^d said etoek to nor o^n uae» tltsit th« »ark«i raluo 
tbcreof »t thas. tijii% -^em $2690} thtit slie lo in poosoaeion 
of th« Btuae ruad should noeotmt th®r«for« 

The decree erdore defendant to pay eoBplainimt o%14 
vtui within twenty days isith interest froa pril 2Q, 1924* and 
eoets of the suit* and in d«fattlt thereof na eseoution ieaue 
therefor nM be a lien upon aueh etoek fsn^ the re^ est^^te of 
d«fendi!int« 

The main f&ot in controversy w^s fv^iether there was 
any sneh agre«.>aientii the coia|>lainmnt Joist estweod* together 
with his son Traoy* and the latter* s vitQ» «ho elaiaefi to ho 
present at the ti»e of th«» conTere^ition about the purchase t 
teetified there ws&s* and defendant and h@r daughter* who clalsuid 
to be present and thitt the othora «ore not pre0ent» deniec there 
was any sueh agreement* hut ti^atified thf;$t th^^ &teok tr»e glYon 
to her in !!>.ecordanoe ^Ith his previous expressed intention* 

lo doom it unneceas'..ry to repeat the eonflicting 
te»tisu»ny on the sub4eat« hether there xtns such &n f?gre<ment 
or sueh « gift depended entirely upon the oh'^cellor's view of 
the oredibillty of the witnesses* s he h^^d a better opportimity 
than ve for deteradning their creditiility we find no good t easoa 
for (tuestioning the oorrectnees of his ooncluslon th^it there 
wae sueh an ngree»cait» and th<Kt the etook w«.b e.ssign«^d to hor 
^0 be held as ooIl«!tter&l« and not as a gift. 

Complainant did not seek the »nforoe«ent of tho 



^ \ 



.. i&f3t:l^^mi«f^. ai wi '«U%i .;ia7:Mr.<|<t)NMk$i; it^-«v oiu^^ ;<»£!$. ^.^ Ion's 



*K'»£<!F-,»»j''Ati *»e<?»'tii.*.&- W*fel?.^*;g: eiiil .*::: :i.a»b««)»:>o*' aJt t&,»f 

jJ^swK/^f'Xfe ..--,':( ri ««jf a.» ■^^v^;i.■ 



-4- 

»ll«g«d tmst* In fact* tha iproof ahow@ t&tJi Ii« waa In no 
9««itioii to <io BO* M» ottTer in f&ct peld &ny aeaey ©f hie sum 

f»r the proferty* 3ut if dsfendHat asticia a» agreejaent with hiM 
©f the eh&r?-4etex- «t&tod f.-ni rwcclTt^ the as^'dgaiBeat of hi® stook 
is pureaa&oe ihersof, smd x«tU9»^9 s.m founti in the clecra«, te 
e&rry out eaid figreeawat, thua «Pi>elie« *■&» entitled on lieiaaoa 
wide ^a i>ril» 19;<i4» eithuv te have %h^ ^took rei@^'-:ffte4 te hiMf. 
ert on her resrusai to ysa«jsiga it, to re««ire its mxrktit vtaIvoi 
»• of th'':i fixate. 

It i» only ttpQ» th:»t theory thrt the de«re<i>t under 61m 
ellegRtioae an<* jwoof» could r«8t. But It doee not prop«rly 
eoBfom. to thai th«or7» &.mi 8,ccor«iiaglv it mi«t %te reT«r««d Tith 
dirsdtioBe for i^oper aodif icatios* 

The pi-oof ^eee h©^ sfeow a eoiwersioa of th^ stool* It 
•till Bt<si»<i8 in her mmH *ad in her pmzemi9& u.& ifhen <^eliT«red 
to her. Th« bill Deks ff»r it» return or lie m^rk^t r^aue* fh» 
tfeeree ohould provide for it® reaisaigaaent and delivery, or on 
fsilure thereof lisithia n eijeoifie ti»e, th«t she pay? tfes Y?att« 
•f the «took ae R^reed upon, with interest at fire ^» cent from 
pril 20, J«24, the date of de«iRnd therefor, togethoi^ with the 
«>ao«ttt of dividends neceirea thereon« the eicecution of the aa^unt 
decreed would be a lien on any real e»t*ite defeMf^t ^Ight then 
hold but it ehouXd hot he mde hy decree a speoifio lien on the 
real eetate in que et ion* 

and remanded 
eoordinfi^ly the dnoree will he reveree^^ith directions 

'•» its Bodifiontion ae herein outlined, osch pwrty to pay hio 

••n eoate« REMANDED 

aEYERSKi^-ilTH ..IIv^CtXOBS FOR 

Ofidley, 4. J,, ttaA Fit oh, J,, oonour* 



I \ 



»##«»-' ^ «».«•'' 1 
«fiS*: trftiJiRriu ^f^d-sft©?* ©it* #rj[^ %«d«iW l*«Jt.t iWMt« x;X^e> 

'il^ff^ctq, i9n v^mh in Sst0i *'i«i*% hJLuev «l<»<»rsi| sixue. 9smiim 

imnma ■ -ti^^^u^ffx* mi'i •a^tt'siU Uirt^o^'s. tm9iii,'^lb lo t» 

«i|l4 .. '^isi tibm 9«f Joel .»>Xi;0<l» .♦* $u<f 

■A 



#jiy«. ^^lrcsT"^:^I'■ ■ '^ ^'i^-^m 



X<2 * 31293 
(» o«jppoy«tlon)f 

App«iiiMit» ) AWP^Ah mm Mimic i?AX» 



1081 3. KimYt 






Flttlntiff tregaa Wxla suit ia re^lrrla to otetAia 

pQ&eii»»i9n Of »t lfe.clc iK.tt%«m9Ml« tjmck upon wlUeli %% h»lA 

to tura ore? th.« pxopQrtjt It^ve v&s giv«!a to pr&e««d in 
troT«r. Th« oaee was he^rd wittioui a 4^^y» ^^ ^^*^ ««»UX'6 
fouad defeadaat n9% guilty* tli« ijiaastlcta pr«B«eBt(i«i ia 
«h«t^r the fiadiag ajid ittcesmnt aro not coatrary t0 tit* 
•Tideaee. 

th« Bortgage w<%e gtv(&a for ^1000 to s^^oiaro pwrt 
of the purohi:is« |^rl«e of & ?«<t«rnl truck ftold by jplniatiff 
to d«f«atfi«at* I«f«aA&at*a affidavit of nerlts dooa aot 
dtny the mortgage » th« 4ei«iatloa or the Tiilu«t of tho llaek 
truck » lldgo^ to b9 |1000» hut aXalMo h# h£i.8 peJiA tho 
aortgago iadehtocinestt in full. Tho oalj' i»»a@ of f»ot» 
th«r«fore» wfi^n «^«th«T thero vas i^nythiais duo oa Uio 
Mrtgaga. 

Thtt tta«oatroT«rt«ii fAots aro ao follows i PXtxin- 
tiffte st&loaaaa aolioitwd o«f«a<i>«jit Kirl97 ^o buy a ''otioral 
tmek aad draf tod a midmoritM&xm of aa ordftr U&y H, 19<;4« 









« \)*W*<i®'iiM^-; 



n'iMhx '^^ 10 mimm mn 



nt^wi 



jff--:.il t: 



u^X<iiii-= 









vt^mr, 






on 0B« of plaintiff* » isiunk fortt«# connriimlais MKong otlwr 
oomtitlona Ulr^c It is v^t^lld onJI^ nrhfta aee@]pi«<l and 8tga«<l Jty a 
"^duly authorised effio«r of ihn dlstrlbtttor**' and ''sbajLl not 
be Isiading upon th« al«^trl;3iator until i(; is aei$e|ii«d In <i»rltlng 
toy tho general nnnisigffir or gftnerml s«Ii»a nanM^er*** 

thle ordor vais novor iie<sepli«^ nos: signed tty elttor 
p»rty. FlTft 4}ajr» Ifttort ^tejr 7, nftor a oonfer«nee by fcJit 
a^gottt ami defftndant vlteh plaintiff's jQ»wag«r» anotlii^i* «r«loir 
oentAlnlRg th® s'^e conditionft «nd i»1i.Bi»ilng, tliF^.« <^'tli«r« it 
no uader»t!m<ilng« a^rocoMmt ox ropre»«ntation@ oxpriiosod or 
inplle^t not «p«teifio4 koreint rel^^iiire %9 %ti« g,o&Ctsi horein 
ordered »" ^ms duly acG«ipti«d toy Shtit nontiiger r^n^ »lgn«»d in 
plalnwiff*o nwfto by hlan a» its fflAn»:eer and by <&..t9Sij&iM% At 
puroh^^eor • 

th^f an«;ignod ord«r de«iigtt«toc tho prioo of the tmolt 
at IS374 and alloirea "10^ fleet owners* dieoottttt* HSU** »e 
auob tilsoeunt was oont».in«d in tlie tsigned order* nor (Wthoriaed'* 
tb* unsigned order wae apparently iRcoiuplete for It spocifiod 
■0 tern* of payatent* The signed order proTidod that plaintiff 
voulci take defendant* e Maok truob for »al«» if poessiblot flC':H) 
of tbe aelling priee to b« uppliet; on tho purehrise of *h& Federal 
tmekt oad a eepAreto written n-gxecnent w»« drKWt up and clgnod 
^ the pr«rtie» to oarry out th'«.t arrfmgenont * whereby (lifsfendunt 
«a« to turn orer hi« Mack tzuok to be sold by plaintiff en 
•ertein iomot »ad waa to /slTO his note for the oaid IXOOOt aad 
• ehAttel nortgage on the hnok truck to eeoure the namot to bo 
•eaeellec when th« 2S':ok truck f^ao oold «ni the toma »peeifiod» 
'^■d if not eoXd within (SO diiye defend^mt wae to pe^y tr.e note 
te e.ish -let pi'.rt Of th«s purehfeee pri^e of the Federal truok* 



tfi^iStl© ai«e«a» Ijwliasi" ./i'<' ■ *•.-■;■■ - • •' '• -i '- i,;Uitt«X«E "H •«© ) 

aft #«*M»tc.fe ^ &a. ^V»lri t«f »s^ .'--^iiffli;^ 

tt» tt*#<iii»£«^ X4 Mot,' »«f ts-r ac-aift* Sdr<« aM '^•Ta irtir* «i 



-5- 

rh« note «md ttO'rt«tte« w«r«» ».K©cut«<i« Cr«44t w«j> «i»ft glrm f«r 
a tJsloa track f©r 11250, wMoh <S®.f*»<j^,«t feurn®d over to plaic- 
tlff , And fftr th« balaaee of th« purwfej^ise pri«« d««f6i}«Jaat c»v« 

•eeure the saae« Being unable to a»ll %h^ UM.ek tritek |>l«liitiff 
?ttttra««J i* to d«(f®nd&Jit. riw fta«a jpapets ii«y« •xeeuted Jime 
6» 1924, an<s viae yedor&l &ruok wan d^llvtfrM wltli 4m Ituroi^o 
Aosl^abittg tJie pxlca tb®r«in m HXm, ttaiS orwilltlag 4.&fmAiin% 
with tfcs 11:50 aa« tH© f^KOuat of auid aoten and jiox-t||«fcgei». 

Iti wftir actaltt^d tlfcst k« p&lt,t fcowetir<l» tk« iiia2-eJwa,«c prloe 
Of $6169 the SUA of 14105 ,50 (laolu41ag tfe« »llo*8mo« &$ |12S© 
for the Uaioa track), thw* l««rlag a %ial««i«« or ilOis^fO, a» 
•lalaed by plalatlff . It was alao adalttad th^t th» only tfifferdaoo 
b^tweta thwa wco »i»oth«T «y ttot ^^jfwad^^b should ho »How«4 th« to> 
o»li«d '^floet o«»mr»* ^IseoiMit" of U^ accsor<ll«g to thM oasiga^d oxder. 

It «oejB« too cisar for argammt th?s.t ia$v«iiaoh e.f« ttw aa- 
•Ignod order w«o a«T«r aocoptod or sjlgaed hy plaln&tff oir Ito sfta«rol 
■*«««•» or goaor&l e^loo ja&a^^or, m ««e«at4&l to Itfi validity by lie 
▼•ry term, sad f>«th ^^i-tUn ati1»««titt«ntly algaed <s a«% ord^ wMoh 
■odo dofendsat ao oaoh aliowMaoo, aad ^^ecoriilag ^o whl«h l»oth 
Mvtle* vtth««(.,u«ail>r ««t6d, um aaaiga&ti oro«r inAH. ao vulldi^ 
••d defoBflsat hy hl« oondaot 1« oetop^isd froa *«i»*rtla« th?^t it 
^»d. Th« satry oa)»»«r(iu«atly lato a »lg»®d coatr&et with 
<»iffoy«at tcraw la «heolutely iaeoaftidt«afc ^ilk 4<»Xmtimi*§ 
olAia. hst*T«r (ho px«Tlott8 tt«««etlii&ioB» «ad oanroroi^tioaa it 
U tlimwat^ry thi^t tJi«y mr^ed iato tha wittea, nigaed eoatri»e«. 
^»« f^fcioo eont«»ylat«» nt thoy did horo» r«daela{i fchalr 
a«r«taent to ritlag the eoatr-iot is aob «oapl«t« aatil It i» 
•x««ttt«d. (B^ k 0, 3, .. H. Co. T> 'ooglft. Its 111, 483. 42a, ) 



.,.,;jj^«v3F?» «vr«» i»^%ij.>»m hm »io« » 



»%■■. 



.r,i : -::,iu 






^, :■. ii ,iii.i«!w .'.'-•5 ..iJ. '*!.-" 















-ft »«.,f » 



!»4^>' 



-4- 

fhe eeu;rt*«t f ladings were uisuimcssitie»«.l»Xj eontraxy to 
th0 antixe eTldaiica* 

Dat^n&unt did net 4my in hia plft^dlngs <;^it2»87 tlw 
detcatioa of th« prop«xly ox* it& ir«Jlu«* The elmtt«i SMirtgnct 
protiA^A tot jfwu&ttnnl&a hy plaintiff upoB d«if«ialt «f ^tognnttat* 
Th« «Tid«noe altois's* 90 t^t &» the ndrigag® c^it the M^i^k tv^ek. 
ie conoensedt tlimt ii^f^,n€^M% is i» default $f jpi?^;)f»»xit » «i»<i on 
his denand t2}«r«for pluia^lft sns snti&Xed 60 its p«{i«e9is:l«i« 
Th« oourt* tlier«feT(«, ^9UXA 2i«t6 nmdm » fiodiii^ leuig «%nter«t - 
ft judipment in trover for ^^ta^t wat not p^id oa ^« jsortg&ge or 
tk» note It wat» given to » scare* 

. Tlio bal«uQte« of the ii!iee)>t«i(in«»i» fev ilie F«<lttral tmole 
v&s of»BO«ded to lie I40«3«S0 if d«f«itdaat waft not ^llovod tho 
tftid dieoouat of $537 •SO* Bat this suit ia not to rooover tho 
tolaaoo of oueh iadehtsdnoso hut sln^Xy th« rnXm ckT the eon- 
▼«rt«<l property no far atu plaintiff h s aa;^ intorsst in it* 
fkA% interoot was only to tho oxtont of #360 » <S«!f<md»nt h&Tiag 
paid ^€150 on said aortgago* said hoaa aredltftd thex^with on the 
Mie it m^» giv«a to ••ear«« CanJ3«su@ntX;9r tl^t oom-t*8 finding 
and Jttdffmnt ahould hRT« h««a for pXsiintiff la th«i ^ysnount of 
i350. Kith internet <i% ^^ from 8irvuah«7 il> 1924, axsouating to 
|4I*&0* Thervi rdil ha a reTers«CL of the Judgneat and entry 
Of 4udgMent hore for the ewn of |391«90 with findings of faot* 

Oridley, j>, j,, amd Fitohf J** eoneor* 



-5- 

1«2 - 31293 

i^'8 fiad th^t th« proj^ffirty in Question w«« 
»ortgag«4 to pl:-iinlitt to socuxe a no6(? for |10€ND, 
•a which the stm of |690 haa been j^idf thftt tlM 
balanee of |350 and int«r<:^ot to dnle* anAOimtiai; ill 
All te #391*$0, reaalae oapftld* tk^t •»!<$ wtvtgiiig* 
!• due '^Adi dcefendMit le in dsfatllt lii the jto^went of 
■aid eux seoured tkereby and tJhtt he h».^ &onv«siirted 
the property so marts&^sd, tm6 thr-t its T»lue oxeoeds 
the eiuo so rew^ining uaji^id* 






nu. - 



.hm^\i>t 






177 - 313«t 

Apjellaat. ) ^4:4: I* A- 6 4 \ 

Tki» la tt» «^|>aal from ^ «rder hftWlag »p|>«il«at in 
eonteapt «f oourti lor ]ais ■«llful failttr«a t« p«^ hl» farJBwr wift 
^980 In oo«gpllsiiie4si with th« «i#or«« ent«r<^a in h«ir divore® suit 
a«f4A«l i%i«. From tii« praeeipe re»j©Td before ua* It apj^ftre* 
»s r«olt*<l la the <iecr«« of «J.lvor««, ttet t.h« p^^^rtlt* «.iit«r«4 
Into AS sigr««ft.©nt fee ,'5<34ttBt property rifjDita «aad alliBony w£i&r«l)3r 
thf wlfo vaa te oo«v«y to %h9 lamabaiid all her rig&t, tltlo «Bd 
iBt«r««t in a»d to corte&in re<il estate, etad *atv« «ynd r«l©»iB« all 
right of nlinonyt &a4 ho ««r«o to p«gr h«r |900« Th» dooroo ordorod 
th« eoaT«y»jie«» suq6 that ho pay euoh axan in sstisfacticBO of all 
allsony, nad alao ^290 for sous on »^>^ocouat of hor «oliaitor*e f««o 
MK) txpeneot la tho oaso* 

The or6«r T«ft» •atox'od on th« rtale to ehow C'xu»& imd 
d«feadaat*o oral teetiaony in wanworf mnA fla4a that *t the tiao 
the rulo mm oatorstf eatid mat of noney «as due lOHlor the dooroft 
*M uap&idf and tiy%t defoadsat heid auple flnoi^ioial awaao to SMty 
(te outo, aad hold Ai« ia ooatcaq^t a« nforos^id, aad ordored that 
te te tAkoa into custody hy tho oh^riff nnd oounlttod ia tho 
**^^y 4^il not to «xo«od eix aonthe unlosia ho jmrgo hiwiolf hy 
•tek poyaoat. 



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