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Michigan alumnus 

University of IVIicliigan. Alumni Association 


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OCTOBER, 1914-AUGUST, 1915 




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The Michigan Alumnus 



A.B. Degree, The 3 

Addressed to 40,000 Alumni 389 

"Albion Points a Way" 72 

Alpha Nu in Michigan's Earliest Days— D^aw B. Ryman, '10/ . . 251 
Alumni (Department) .... 48, 102, 156, 205, 311, 374, 430, 487, 578 

Alumni Advisory Council, Meeting of the 556 

Alumni Are Pleased, Some 5 

Alumni Association, Annual Meeting of the 558 

Alumni Association, Organizing the Local 121 

Alumni Consideration, For , 65 

Alumni Day 525 

Alumni in the State, Particularly for 331 

Alumni Mass Meeting, The 516 

Alumni Organization, Types of 120 

Alumni Organizations, Local 121 

Alumni Secretaries, A Meeting of 120 

Alumni Secretaries, Third Meeting of Association of 126 

American Association of University and College Professors, The — John S. P. 

TgtJpck 239 

Appoijitjncnts to Fellowships — Society Elections 461 

Archi<«l^tO Be Registered 449 

"The]A9-<5^ Maker" .....' 564 

Arts Degree at Michigan, The 3 

Asked of Legislature, $650,000 to Be . . . J . . . 226 

Athletics {Department) ... 41, 94, 151, 199, 258, 306, 367, 428, 481, 571 

Athletic Association, Report of the 244 

Aviation, A New Course in 283 

Baccalaureate Exercises, The 509 

Back from the War Zone • 31 

Book Reviews {Department) ... 55. 108, 211, 267, 319, 378, 439, 494, 584 

Botany at Michigan, A Quarter Century of — F, C. Newcomhe . . . 477 

Breakey, Dr. William Fleming, '59m 279, 356 

Buildings, Faculties or Students 176 

Case Method in Law Schools, The 347 

Changes in the Faculty 78 

Changes in Nomenclature, Some Reasonable . 226 

Chemistry Buildings, The Old and New 233 

Chemistry, The New General Course in 233 

Chicago and Northwestern Debates 232 

Class Day Exercises, The 568 

Class Secretaries, An Association of 122, 129 

Class Secretaries Association, Some Tasks Before It 122 

Cleveland, The Alumni Club of 470 

Clothing a University 177 

College Stadia, Concerning 67 

Commencement, Plans for 292 

Commencement Program, Further Details of 334 

Commencement, The Seventy-first 516 

Commencement Week, The Program of 447 

Comparative Standing of Fraternities and House Clubs, The . . . 11 

Constructive Work by the Alumni 506 

Contagious Hospital in Health Service Work, The Value of the New — H, H. 

Cummings, *i0f». .......... 291 

Convention of the Engineering Society, The 246 

Convocation Address, The Second Annual 140 

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Co-opcration for College Men 119 

Creed for Athletes and Others, A 505 

Damm Case, Supreme Court Upholds Law in 173 

Developing Ferry Field 230 

Dormitoiy Question, The 4 

Engineering in Turkey — John R. Allen, 'gae 474 

Enlargement of the University Library Needed — T, W. Koch . . . 302 

Enrolment in American Universities, The Present 186 

Event and Comment {Department) . i, 63, 117, 171, 225, 279, 331, 389, 448, 505 

Event in Brief {Department) . . . 7, 68, 123, 179, 234 285, 337, 394, 454 

Executive Committee of Advisory Council Meets 281 

Executive Committee of the Advisory Council, The Meeting of the . . 291 

Faculty Salaries Advance 117 

Financial Problems 64 

Fitting the Girl and the Position 451 

Football Season, A Review of the 1914 135 

Football Season, The 118 

Forward Passes and Kicks 67 

Founders Day in the Medical School, The Celebration of . . . . 298 

Four-year Course in Law, A—H, M,. Bates, '90 350 

Freshman Girls, For the 5 

Garfield on the Constitution, James R. 281 

Governing Bodies, Faculties and Students 66 

Growth in Attendance at the University 184 

Gymnasium Facilities, A Campaign for Better 184 

Half a Million College Graduates >. . 119 

The Harvard Game : 

For Those Who Ai*^ Left Behind 3 

For Those Who See the Game 2 

The Harvard Game— iV^. H. Bowen, '00 73 

Harvard, Our Relations with 174 

Les Affaires 175 

Michigan vs. Harvard, Oct. 31 2 

Not Downhearted 66 

Hospital, The Need for a New 280 

Hudson, Richard, '71 279, 353 

Intramural Sports 230 

Intramural Sports, What Has Been Accomplished in 231 

John Black Johnston, '93 14 

Junior Hop, Reinstating the 178 

Law, A Four Years' Course in . . 450 

Law Course, The Committee's Recommendations on the . . . . 450 

Library, An Addition to the 171 

Library Building, A New 391 

Life in the Trenches— Two Letters from the French Lines .... 466 

Living Conditions, To Improve 227 

Living Conditions, To Investigate 282 

Living Conditions, What Is Being Done at Cornell to Improve . . . 228 

Marriages (Department) .... 52, 106, 161, 208, 265, 316, 378, 492, 580 

Martha Cook Building, The 295 

May Festival, The 1915 . ' 45^ 

Memorials Presented to the University Senate, Two 353 

Michigan and the War i 

Michigan in the Great War 448 

Michigan and Albion Co-operate 117 

Michigan and Albion, Details of Proposed Course 118 

Michigan as a National University 332 

Michigan's Athletic Equipment 229 

Michigan at the Meetings of Learned and Scientific Societies . ^ 188 

Michigan Day at the Exposition, A 333 

Michigan Day at the Panama- Pacific Exposition 39i 

The Michigan Union: 

Borrowed Editorial on the Union, A 507 

The Campaign for the Union 409 

188748 r-^^M. 

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Concerning the Union Opera 335 

Home of the Michigan Union, The—/. K. Pond, '79^ .... 401 

How the Students Feel About It 390 

Letters from Alumni 404 

Many Bodies Endorse the Michigan Union Campaign .... 406 

Membership 407 

Million Dollar Campaign, The 389 

Some Things the Union Does 283 

A Statement to the Alumni — H. M. Bates, '90 425 

Student Forum and Sunday Lectures 284 

To Be a Student Home 390 

Union Campaign to Open, The 506 

Union Campaign Postponed 68 

Model School, The Request for a 172, 332 

Moving Picture Films of Campus Life 231 

Municipal Research Bureau 345 

Musical Clubs, The Mission of the 453 

Necrology {Department) .... 54, 108, 209, 266, 316, 435, 493, 582 

Need of Athletics, The 229 

News from the Classes (Department) 56, no, 163. 217, 270, 323, 381, 441, 496, 589 

New Professorship in History 336 

New Stand on Ferry Field, The . 18 

Not for Subscribers 391 

Obituaries {Department) 210, 267, 318, 437, 583 

One Per Cent Club, A 192 

Opening Address in the Medical School — David Murray Cowie ... 87 

Pennsylvania-Michigan Game, Arrangements for the 14 

Primitive Text of the New Testament, Lectures on the .... 294 

Records of the Past, Preserve the 333 

Regents Meetings 45, 99» I55, 202, 261, 309, 372, 484* 575 

Regulation in College Life . . . . ... . . . 334 

Report of the Committee on the Standardization of University Nomenclature, 

The 242 

Report of the Committee on Student Affairs for 1914-15—^4. H. Lloyd . . 359 

Report of the General Secretary 558 

Research Work in the Mechanical Engineering Department, Original — J, E. 

BmsTviler 463 

Resignations, Four 448 

Reunions : 

Alumni Day, Class Reunions 525 

Alumni Reunions — June 22 and 23, 191 5 398 

Now for Reunions in 1915 5 

Now for Class Reunions 227 

1,600 Alumni Registered 505 

The 1915 Reunions — An Invitation 391 

Rifle Practice as a Minor Sport 179 

Secretary's Reports ... 56, no, 162, 216, 269, 322, 381, 440, 495. 558, 587 

William Graves Sharp, '81/ 16 

Smokers, The Boston and Detroit 132 

Social Service for Michigan Men . 146 

Society Elections — Appointments to Fellowships 461 

Some Gifts to the University 17 

Student Council, The 335 

Student Entertainment, The 570 

Student Forum and Sunday Lectures, The 284 

Students in Prospect, 6,500 63 

Some Problems They Bring 64 

Summer Baseball Once More 392 

Summer Session, The 10 

Summer Session, The 1915 507 

Talamon, Word from Professor 240, 466 

Tappan Manuscripts in the University Library 84 

Technic and the Engineering Society, The 449 

Temperance Among Students I73 

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Temperance as Viewed by an Athlete 174 

Timely Assistance 65 

Toledo, The University of Michigan Club of 194 

To the Classes of '80, *8i, '82, and '83— /ra W. Christian .... 565 

To the Memory of Leo i 

University and College Professors Organize 225 

University's Biennial Request, The 171 

University Does for Michigan, What the . . . . .*. . . 332 

University's Growth, The 63 

University Organization — John Black Johnston 20 

Vacation Readjusted, A 177 

Valuable Specimens Added to Paleontological Collection — B. C. Case . . 248 

Vocational Conference, The 245 

Y. M. C. A. "Mobilization Week" 134 

Yale's System of Alumni Records 131 

Zinn, F. W., Letter From 468 


Alumni Memorial Hall, 331; Alumni Memorial Hall, The Portico of, 447; Alumni 
Secretaries at Columbia University, 127; Ann Arbor's Christmas Tree, 182; Ann 
Arbor's Skyline from the Boulevard, i; Ardis, W. R., '09/, 419; Amott, George, '08/, 
417; "The Arrow Maker," 564; Avery, Elroy M., '71, 473; Babst, E. D., '93, '94/, 424; 
Baird, Charles, '95, '95/, 423; Baker, H. S., '10, 424; Baldwin, J. S., '96/, 421; Barringer, 
L. H., '13/, 416; Bates, Henry M., '90, 408; Batt, C. S., '04/, 419; Baxter. K. S., '15^, 
410; Bean, L. F., '05/, 419; Belford, Fordyce, '91/, 198; Birmingham, T. F., '04m, 423; 
Bisbee, L. S., '13, '15/, 410; Bliss, Frank E., '73^, '79/, 473; Bodman, H. E., '96, 424; 
Boughton, R. L., '08^, 415; Bowman, W. S., '08^, 415; Bradfield, T. C, '06/, 420; 
Breakey, William Fleming, '59m, 280; Brooks, J. B., '95, '96/, 413; Broomhall, Allen, 
'02, 413, 424; Brush, Charles F., '69, 471; Buchanan, E. B., '13/, 419; Bulkley, H. C, '92, 
'95/, 408; Burchard, J. E., '86, 421; Burge, J. D., '12^, 424; Burkhart, E. E., '98/, 416; 
Cable, H. W., '02/, 417; Campus, An Old View of the, 250; Campus in 1855, The, 253; 
Campus in Mid-Winter, The, 204; Carter, W. F., '90/, 422; Chemistry Buildings, The 
New and the Oldest, 233; Childs, L. W., '04, 'o6fn, 418; Christopher, H. G., '12, 422; 
Chubb, A. L., '05, 420; Clancey, T., '08, '10/, 416; Clyne, C. F., '02/, 417; Cody, Hiram 
S., '08, 421; Comstock, W. A., '99, 413; Condon, F. C, '01/, 415; Cook, R. H., '06/, 415; 
Cooley, J. B., '11, 415; Coons, N. D., '98m, *ood, 420; Cornell Game, Splawn Punting, 
138; Cox, J. L., '12, 419; Culley, R. H., *io, 421; DeSelm, A. W., '96/, 421; Demmon, 
Professor Isaac Newton, '68, 457; Dickinson, S. S., '13. 'i5^> 4io; Donovan, C, '72^, 
416; Duffy, J. E., '90, '92/, 416; Durant, P. D., '95/, 420; Dutton, D. D., '06/, 421; 
Edmonson, James Bartlett, 80; Engineering Building, 465; Farmer, E. C, '12/, 419; 
Farrell, C. H., '98, 421 ; Ferry Field, The Gates to, 171 ; Football Squad Getting Down 
to Business, The, 43; Football Squad, The 1914, 42; Ford, H. W., '13, 414; Galbraith, W. 
J., '94/, 414; Gait, Martin L., .14; Gault, H. G., '15. 410; Gaynor, Paul T., '12/, 197; Gil- 
lette, G. M., '80, 413; Glidden, S. C, '94m, 413; Gore, V. M., '82/, 413; Gowdy, F. M., 
'91m, 424; Greene, Wade, '05/, 420; Haislip, Edward W., '14/, 410; Hambleton, B. F., 
'cow, 413; Hammerschmidt, L. M., '07/, 424; Hanchett, Benjamin S., 408; Harris, P. 
S., '95/, 414 ; Harvard Game : Diagram of the, 77 ; Hardwick Making Harvard's Touch- 
down, 74; Maulbetsch with Ball, 63; Splawn Making an On-side Kick, 73; Hauberg, 
J. H., '00/, 417; Hayden, A. K., '02/, 422; Hayden, C. H., '04/, 4^5; Hayes, F. S., '98, 
424; Hayes, J. Griffith, Jr., '11, 410; Heath, H. L., '07, 408; Heating and Lighting 
Plant, Interior of the New, 9; Heating and Lighting Plant, The New, 6; Heineman, 
David E., '87, 566; Helsell, F. P., '06, '08/, 419, 421 ; Henry, Frederick A., '91, '91/, 4/2; 
Heyfron, D. J., '09/, 415; Hicks, Ralph, 'ggp, 421; Hoffman, E. G., '03/, 416; Holbrook, 
Evans, '00/, 408; Hopkins, E. P., '03, 416; Hudson, Richard, '71, 279, 355; Hudson, R. 
P., '01/, 414; Hughes, C. A., '98-'oi, /'oo-'oi, 408; Hughitt, Ernest F., 44; Hurst, E. R., 
•13, 414; Irwin, S. P., '94/; 422; Jameson, J. A., '91, 421; Johnston, John Black, '93, 15; 
Jolliffe, W. E., '09/, 420; Jose, V. R., Jr., '10, '12/, 418; Kapp, Frank A., '10, 196; 
Kaufman, R. O., '06/, 423; Kearns, J. E., '04^, 422; Keene, T. B. V., '02m, 413; Knapp, 
B. S., '04P, 420; Knight, J. C, '02/, 419; Koontz, P. D., '14, 410; Laing, E. B., '11, '13/, 
424; Lane, E. E., '13, 423; Lane, Robert M., '06. 198; Law Building, The, 349; Lehner, 
W. J., '11^, 417; Leidy, P. A., '09, A.M. '11, 424; Library Clock Tower, The, 366; 
Library, The Present University, 322; Library Towers in Mid-Winter, The, 225; Loell, 

Digitized by 



J. L., 'ii/, 414; "M" Men in the Alumni Parade, The, 508; McAllister, D. H., '08^, 
415; McCotter» Rollo E., 80; McFarland, A. F., '13, 423; McGraw, H. B., '91, 416; 
McGraw, S. D., '92, 414; McGregor, F. H., '06, 417; McKavanagh, Thomas J., 80; 
McKenzie, R. P., '11/, 414; McPherson, Wm., '07, 420; Madison, G. R., '12/, 414; Man- 
chester, R. E., '09, A.M. 'II, 418; Martha Cook Building Uncompleted, The, 247; 
Martha Cook Building, Architect's Drawing, 296; Martin, M. C, '12/, 418; Maulbetsch, 
John, 95; Maxwell, Lawrence, '74, 422; Mecham, J. B., '88/, 422; Medical Building, 
The, 289; Messick* Homer D., '94/, 472; Michigan Smoker at Boston, Oct. 30, 1914, 
133; Michigan Union Building, The Proposed New: Banquet Hall, 393; Billiard 
Room, 397; From the Southeast, 389; Game Room, 397; Guest Bedchamber, 427; 
Lobby, 393; Lounging Room, 389; Plans, 400, 402, 403; Swimming Pool, 427; Terrace 
Dining Room, 412; Michigan Union Building Campaign Committee, 408; Michigan 
Union Building Fund Campaign Field Organizers, 410; Michigan Union Building 
Fund Local Chairmen and Committeemen, 413-424; Millen, George, 408; Moran, T. 
F., '87, 418; Nebel, R. W., '11/, 419; Newberry Hall of Residence, The Helen Handy, 
238; Norcop, A. W., '12/, LL.M. '13, 423; O'Brien, Thomas J., '65/, 104; Ogle, J. E., 
'07, '09/, 420; Ohio State University Library, The, 304; Ohmart, J. V., '07/, 423; 
O'Leary, John H., '05/, 196, 422; Ortmeyer, D. H., '01/, 420; Ottaway, E. J., '94, 422; 
Parker, E. F., '04, '06/, 416; Paulson, C. E., '08^, 418; Pearce, A. D., '08, '09/, 413; Penn- 
sylvania Game, The Kick-off at the, 117; Pennsylvania Game, Michigan Touchdown 
in the, 136; Penoyar, F. C, '03m, 417; Perry, E. D., '03/, 418; Peterson, Dr. R., 408; 
Phelps, N. E., '03d, 415; Primeau, J. H., '10/, 419; Prout, H. G., '^\e, 414; Quail, R. 
J., '03/, 417; Ranney, Roy W., '11^, 423; Raynsford, James W., 41; Reunions: Class 
of 1870, 505; Class of 1875, 526; Class of 1880, 527; Class of 1881, 530; Class of 1882, 
530; Class of 1882 Medical, 532; Class of 1890, 535; Class of 1890 Medical, 537; Class 
of 1900, 539; Class of 1900 Law, 540; Class of 1901 Medical, 542; Class of 1905, 544; 
Class of 1905 Law, 546; Class of 1913, 549* 555. 567. 57o; Class of 1913 Law, 551; 
Russell, W. W., '09, 419; Saier, E. H., '13, '15/, 410; St. Peter, W. N., '05, 417; Schaible, 
E. L., 'o8m, 416; Science Building Uncompleted, The New, 86; Seegmiller, W. A., 
'98/, 421; Sharp, William Graves, '81/, 16; Shepherd, J. F., '03/, 416; Skeleton of the 
Pigmy Hippopotamus, The Mounted, 249; Smith, C. M., '67/, 413; Smith, S. W., '97, 
408, 418; Snapp, J. L., '03/, 4^; Spanish Mortar at the Center of the Campus, The, 
358; Squirrel, 336; Stadium, The First Section of Michigan's, 19; Strawn, T., '12/, 
414; Strom, Dr. Eugene F., '05^, 454; Talamon, Professor Rene, 466; Tinsman, H. E., 
'83, 424; Titus, Harold, '11, 418; Toledo Club Meet, Where the, 195; Vedder, B. B., 
'09, '12/, 417; Whedon, W. T., '81, 422; White, E. T., '08, 417; White, R. L, '03, 415; 
Williams, G. S., '89^ 408; Williams, R. H., '97/, 418; Willis, H. W., '02, 423; Wilson, 
H. W., '13, 423; Winstead, C. E., '07, '09/, 424; Wisconsin State Historical and Uni- 
versity Library, The, 303; Wolf, G. M., '08/, 418; Wormwood, F. F., '13^, 415; 
Wuerthner, J. J., '12/, 422; Young, Robert J., '08/, 197. 


Aaron, Mrs P J 165— Abbey, M E 208— Abbot- Allam. J S 219— AllecJc, N 160— Allen, A D 326 

Abbott, A 314 — A J 59, 274, 503, 554 — C F 271, — A M 53 — A P 222, 445 — C ft 328 — E M 547 — 

553— Mrs C F 553— H B 373, 492. 550— H T 220. E S 485— F E 43^. 59i— H C S5o— H E 553— 

273. 553. 557— W M loi, 275, 551— Mrs W M HP 48— I C 324— J R 244, 394, 472, 486, 552— 

548 — ^Abel, C E loi — E L 169 — ^T J 529 — ^Abrams, L 289, 453 — L E 220 — M E 432, 591 — R C 246 — 

L B 209— T G 107— Abrons, L W 274, 386— W 461— AUerdice, D W 52— Allerton, H C 114 

Abt, T K 103, 205— Achi, W C 387— Achtenberg — AUewelt. E M 162— AUiger, W T 222— Allison, 

— B M 591, 592— Acker, H 378— Ackerman, EC C J 342—/ W 589— W S 53, 3i4, 433— Y E 59 

219, 540 — Ackers, G C 159 — ^Ackley, I O 553 — — Allmendinger, E J 328 — G F 552 — W H 61 — 

Adam, C O 52 — ^Adams, A H 534 — C C 345, 44^. Althouse, A J 552 — Alvord, A W 435 — Alway, 

538, 540 — C F 108— C K 16, 285— D E 555- Mrs G G 170 — Ambrister, C A 159— Ames, T H 

E D 357 — E L 591 — E L Jr 591 — F E 432 — 385 — Amos, R E 550 — Amsel, J S 329 — Ander- 

F G 315 — F P 216, 3M. 433, 439. 440 — H C 40, son, A 499 — A J 274 — B E X07, 555 — B W 53 — 

123, 155, 455. 550, 575— H F 340--H H 546— I C 275— C E 592— C P 592— E 442— E T 62— 

381— I D 554— J H 205— M B 220, 442, 542— F S 312--F W 435— H C 263— J 61— J H 492 

S H 591— T 124— T S 340— Adamson, V 444— —J L 276— J W 536— K B 274— K H 580— 

Addams, J 102, 205, 206, 267, 327, 375 — Adelsdorf, L 508 — L C 160, 219, 325, 486, 553 — V, H 103, 

S L 170, 264— Adler, A K loS^Aflfeldt. E J 503 205— N R 491— R E 169— R M 547— W C 310, 

— Agnew, H E 59© — P G 3»5. 59© — ^Aigler, A G 445 — W H 57 — Andrew, J A 106, 112 — ^Andrews, 

546— R \V 130, 179, 554, 558— Mrs. R W 554 — A 60 — F 532— F E 441—1* M 446, 492 — T J 

Aikin, W M 550— Airey, J 461— Akers, F H 61— 532— W II 384— Andrus, C B 432— C S 385— 

Albers, J M 103 — Albert, G M 59, 113 — Albright, "" *" ' - .. « 

A E 236 — ^Alcorn, G 159 — Alden, W 46 — Aldrich, 

J A 461, 462 — ^Alexander, A 61 — B 442 — C C 179, 194, 207, 218, 231, 264, 280, 288, 301, 313, 

223 — I 265 — K B 57, 324 — Mrs K B 57 — W B 314, 396, 425, 426, 430, 431, 45^, 473. 474. 4S8, 

553— Alfred, E M 265— Alger, F W 45^— R 49i. 507. l^*>^ 529. 53i, 545. 568, 577— J R 291, 

456 — R A 232 — Mrs R A 2^2 — ^Alig, D A 442 — 337, 488, 534 — Mrs J R 205, 488 — Anglin, M 

F D 552— S A 54— Ancsaki, M 285, 288— Angell, 
A C 524, 552 — Mrs A C 373. 552 — J B 69, 126, 

Digitized by 




i8i — Anneke, K E S3i — ^Anschut^ E G 328, 555 
— ^Anthony, B B 169 — Apfel, E W 124, 34a, 395 
— H 581— Apted. R C 286— Arbury, F VV 293, 
399» 533 — ^Archbald, H R 442 — ^Ardis, W R 546, 
547 — ^Armitmge, C 106, 169 — Armstrong, A A 
54— D 489— G W ii4p x68— H H 385, 443» 543, 
545 — H I 27s — H t, 159 — h 208 — ^Arnett, L, 
206— Arnold, B J 57— E B 51, 553— G D 496— 
Arthur, K A 547, 548 — Artiaga, S 377 — ^Ascher, 
M 165— Ashbacker, A F 272— Ashford, B K 50 
— C W 158, 338~Mrs C W 158— M K 338— 
Ashley, C S 218— H W 194. 196— I C 221— 
Ashton, T H 266— Askin, C G 238 — Atchison, 
R E 553— Athcrton, H H 170— Atkins, E E 

534— Atkinson, A I< C 158 — F 113— F W 325 — 
H R 374, 375— R 555— Attcrbury. W H 553— 
Atwater, W I 328— AtwcU, H H 553— W J loi 

— ^Atwood, S B 329 — ^Aubrey, W A 531 — ^Austin, 
F J 434— M 564— R W 489— W S 220— AveriU, 
F C 210 — Avery, B 326, 385, 443, 545 — C E 

i94— C H §31— E M 471, 472, 473, 474, 496-- 
< C 385— M N 376— R D 222— Ayres, B M 
580— L E 385— Mrs h E 38s— S F 385. 

Babb. M W 5i--Babcock. A H 3x4— C F 
493— K C 435- R H 582— R S 209— S C 57^ 
Babst, E D 105, 281, 291, 313, 324, 383 — Bach, 
E B 165, 542, 588 — ly 502 — Bachelder, B L 57 
— F S 57, 540. 545— N L 57— Backus, E B 52, 

59, 579— E It 287— R E 328, 581—8 553— Bacon, 
G F 264, ' " -^ .„ , ^ 

E 278, 43<, «,. 
Bailey, A R 79— B F 553— E 167— G E 376— 

F 264, 553. 556—11 E 434, 490, 588— L C 
3:9, 536 — Bader, D M 499 — Baer, M K 592 — 
R E 278, 430, 579 — S H 8— Baicr, h A 277— 

J W 442— M A 581, 594— N E 442—0 S 532 
— Mrs R W 104, 160, 207, 3x5, 490, 491 — 
Bain. F D 436— J B ixi. 112— Mrs T B xii— 
W G 579 — Baird, C 541, 553, 558 — Mrs C 541. 
54^— J 73, 78— R 54»— W 108— Baits, S G 461 
—Baker, A D 277— B 180, 564, 565 — C H 533 
— F J 164— F R 208, 209— G P 109 — H B 501 — 
H S 492, 547, 580—1 O X2S, 287— J E 575— 
M 492— M B 385— M I, 208, 221, 554^M S 
3J5__0 W 442— R H 550— V D 564— Balch. F A 
580 — Baldwin, A C 343— E 165— J W 102— S C 531 
— S E 124— Balkema, P 114, 161— Ball, A E 
160 — Mrs A P 554— C O Jr 444— C O 444 
— D H 312. 433— K D 432— F W 528— G E 
433— H P 553— L J 432— S 325— Ballard, H h 

< J 432- 

H M 169— Mrs H M 169— Ballingcr, L, 

—Bancroft, A L 546- 

R B 529— Bane, W J 

M 378 — Bancker, E 552 — Bancroft, A L 546 — 
E P 114, 554— H 461— R B 529— Bane, W J 
223 — Banfield, H G 314 — h 276 — L R 554 — 
Bangham, A D 533 — Mrs A D 540 — Bangs, S 
E 529 — Bankey, E F 342 — Bannister, N G 385, 443, 
545 — Bannon, H T 206 — J W 442 — Barber, G M 
473, 474 — h L 218 — Barbosa, G H 50 — G S 491 
— ^J C 50, 51, 491 — Barbour, h h 155, 442, 491, 
552. 556, 557, 559^-^y T_ 378, 379, 385, 545 

Barchus, M 

eau, H : 

J94— Bai 

22Z — . 

552. 5« 
554— B) 

554^Barchus, M'F 581— Bardwell, H H 493— 
Kuibeau, H B 594 — L 59,4 — R E^H 278, 374- 

V J 594— Barksdale, J N 395— BarkduU, H L 
223— Barker, E F 177— G R 165— H L 492— 
Barlow, H H 526 — Barnaby, H T 442 — Barnard, 
E N 546— H F 531— Barnes, A M 274— E H 
123— G M 59— H 552— H O sS3-Mrs H O 
553— T M 206, 311, ^26, 430 — O F 528 — O M 
314 — ^Barnett, H G 203— BarnhiU, JT B 56 — 
Bamum, L P 436 — R C 459 — Barr, D W 503 — 
J A 334 — O O 489— Barracks, J A 492— Barrett, 
A M 100, 399, 543 — } M Jr 462, 571 — R B 543 — 
Barrow. E h 316 — W H 160 — Barrows, E L 
3,6— W H 160— Barss, H D 555— Barstow, W 
E 545 — Bartell, F E 554— Bartelmc, M M X02, 

aos, 206, 375, 488— P G 14, 99, 103, i75, ^7^* 
5— Ba • " • -- .- -> .. . 

J 534— < . 

328— H W 48, 430— J E 272— BasVett. h W 

Bartholf, A C i66 — Bartholomew, 
A^ C ^66— Bartlett. A 55— Mrs. A C 102, 205— 
MrsC" "■ 

442, 538. 575- 

'" " -Bartlett, A 55— Mrs. A C 102, 205- 
534— C h 272— E S 219 — Barton, C J 

I M S50— J B Z2S—t, 107— M G 53<^— R E 
550 — Mrs R E 550 — Bassman, F B 442 — Bastian, 
C E 462 — Bastin, R B 124 — Batchelor, E A 
134 — Bateman, J H 461— Bates, G 536 — G W 
526 — H M 123, 189, 197, 203, 231, 243, 244, 
261, 263, 281, 282, 284, 291, 292, 310, 311, 
3«3» 314, 352, 426, 451, 458, 462, 485, 487, 533, 

34, 576, 587— N 552— O W 262— T M 497— 
Jatson, W H 577 — Bauer, H 289, 452 — Bavly, 
D M 339— Baxter, F H 489— H A 327— K S 
125, 288, 411— Bayless, R T 555— Bazley, A H 
168— J M 168— J R 168— Beach, C M 554— 
F A 167— F P 383— Beadle, G W 58X, M 51— 
W H H 51, 104— Beagle, M G 376— Beahan, 
W T 135— Beakes, S W 220, 531, 552— Mrs S 
W 207— Beal, F W 383— J E 10. 45, 47, 
15s, 179, 202, 263, 270, 287, 310, 313, 
344, 372, 374, 398, 485, 486, 531, 566, 567. 
570, S7(^» S7^ — M M 493 — Beall, Mrs O 161, 
315— Seals, M B C 218— Bean, H F 493— 
Beardsley, B 433— C E 489:-Beasly, W A 164 
— Beasom, M 502 — Beath, T 442 — Beattie, J W 
580 — M T 432, 540 — Beaumont, H M 205 — ^J 
C 503 — Bechman, F E 374 — Becker, I 232 — 
M A 114— M G 555— M I, 159, 489— V M 
265 — Beckwith, AM 161, 207 — C G 499 — Bedford, 
T G 108 — Beebe, H M 60, 78, 203. 554— Beers, 
W H 167— Begle, C C 276— E G 276— G G 
540 — H L 272, 540, 545— Mrs H h 443. 545— 
I P 272, 385— N G 276, 542— Mrs N G 554— 
S G 272— Begole, C H 433— D 433— Behrens. 
C A loi— Beifeld, A H 461 — Beis, G A 554 — 
Beitler, H C 57— Bejcek, C A 499— Belcher, 
M A an — Belford, F 194, 196, 199, 218 — J A 
159 — Belhumeur, G M 433— Bell, C P 317— F A 
106, 164— F h 580— H 582 — H h X14, 555— 
T F 18— J W 274-N J 531- S 531- W C 5^1— 
Belhnan. R M 221— Beman, R 545, 554— W W 
293, 526 — Mrs W W 526 — Bement, C 273, 385 — 
C E 289, 528 — Bemis, A H 503 — Benaway, R 
M 107 — Bender, I E 569 — Benedict, A 314, 
324— C C 206— J F 582 — ^Benedicto. J E 50, 
442 — Benham, A S 444, 554 — Benjamin, A I< 
432 — BennettJ^A A 461, C L, 553 — Mrs C t, 545 — 
E J 169— F T 274— H 205, 206, 245— H S 553— 
J E 536— J O 448— J W F 314— 1< E 159— 
M E 553 — ^ensley, M D 107, 312, 431 — Mrs M 
I> 312, 43 X — Benson, E 275 — Bentley, A M 
245— G N 540— N I 52— Benton, I^ H 462— 
Benzenberg, G H 343 — Bermingham E T 103 
— Bernard, F B 492 — Bernstein, J M 503 — 
Berry, C S 203 — C T 167 — O C 545, 553 — Bessey, 
E 394— Best, T D 223— Beuhler, H R 115, 

312. 446, 581 — Beurmann, E E 592 — Biascoechea. 
D A 50, 51, 170 — Bibbins, J R 57, 487 — Bickley, 
B A 442, 543, 590 — U F 590— Bieber, M F 316 

-Biesterfeld, C H 222 — Bigalke, I A 61, 555 — 
Bigelow, C 78— C W 314— R h 192, 314, 578— 
S I, 244, 373— Biggers, J D 196, 222— Biggs, 
C A 273^ — E M ^73, 385 — F B 548 — Billman, 
G H 498 — Bingham, W E 102, 594 — Binyon, 
t, 125— Bird, C W 550, 555— H L 60, 554— 
J C 374, 553— J P 31, 32, 271, 448, 449, 486, 
553^ 578 — Mrs J P 271 — M h 550 — Birmingham, 
li P 163, 496 — Birney, D S 315— Bisbee, L S 
411. 550 — Bishop, A W 50a — F L 264, 265 — 
G S 552— Mrs G S 552— L C 102, 553— M E 6x— 
R S 502— R S Tr 502— W W 55, 2x8, 31S— BisselL 
A P 550— G W 247— Bither, W A 499— B«by, W 
K 268— Black, H B 60— J G 168. 327— K G 
60, 327— T E 168— W F 550— Blackinton. G W 
591 — Blackwood, J Y 499 — Blaine, C G 531 — 
Blair, B D 497*— B F 316. 382, 437 — Mrs B F 
437— F R 382, 384. 437— J N 382, 437— BUke, 
E J 550— R B 555— S C 497— Blakeney, J P 
329 — Blanchard, G F 501 — ^J S 436— Blanding, 
F J 386— Blanshard, P B 170, 277— Bleich. L 
312— Blew, H M 329— Blish, M R 580— Bliss, 
C I* 106— F E 471, 472, 473, 496, 552 — G P 
38s— Bloch, M G 218— Block. A D 61— E 377 
— S F 444— Blodgett, T H 500— Blood, E W 
554. 593 — Bloomfield, A C 155 — L C 385, 545 
— Blossom, H S 162, x68 — Blough, Mrs E 500 
— Blumrosen, S 61 — Blunt, J D 442 — Bock. A 
H 161— Bocksuhler. H I, 569 — Bodman, H E 
405, 458, 553, 579 — Bodwell, C h 54 — Boer, 
Mrs J ii 540 — Boertmann, O E 60 — Bogg, R 
S 103— Bogle, H C 338— L 592— Bogue, A P 234 
— ^J C 277 — Bohling, J D 270 — Bohnsack, A W 
49, 264, 487, 547 — Bolan. M J 317 — Bollen- 
bacher, P E 61, 169— Bolt, R A xri — Boltoxi, 
F h 554— Bond, B D 532— D J 442— J A C 
38X— W H 442— Mrs W H 442— BoniUa, J A 

Digitized by 




554 — Bonisteel, R O 107, 555 — ^Bonner, C J40, 
485— M C 327 — Bonnet, W M 382 — Bookwalter, 
W J 166— Bo<Me» N T 44^— Booth, Mrs B C 
166—0 E 107— W J 26s— Bordine, M E 5»— 
Born, P h 114— Borthwick, M B 54— Bote, 
" C 234, 288— Mrs J C 234— Boss, C M 526 — 
rs C M 526— Bostick, K E 114 — Boston, O 


W 47, 224, 554 — Bostwick, E 276 — Botkin, E 
M 489 — Bottsford, L L 555— Bouchard, H 504 
^Boucher, C S 112, 385— Mrs C S 113. 264, 

265 — Boucke, E A 340 — Boughton, E F 431 — 
W E 431— Boulger, S S 314— BourUnd, B P 

553 — Mrs J F 166, 273, 385, 545 — Bowen, C A 
52, 383— Mrs E N 554— E W 161, 547— J P 
106, M 564, 565— N H 78, 230 — Bowie, E McD 

385— L 591— Bowlby, E H 162— Bowles, C 399. 
546, 580— J T B 314, 377— Bowling, A J 
274— Bowman, G 542 — H M 314. 325— P K 555 
— W 209— W S 444— Boyce, C W S5S» 581— J h 
555 — Boyd, F R 317— Boyer, A A 3M— A P 
266— Mrs C J 165— F D 312, 443, 59i— M S 
443. S9»— R E 5?J— Z C 165— Boylan. J A 
536 — Bojmton, B B 570 — h F 316 — Bradbeer, 
M M 581— Braddock, H 160— Bradfield. M E 
443— T C 443— T J 443— Bradford, F N 493— 
t B 326— Bradley, A 462 — G D 208, 553. 577 
— H C 275—1 A 48— M J 536— S S 314. 437— 
Bradrick, C W 445— Bradshaw, J W 130. 394. 
399. 540 — Bradt, F T 62 — Brady, C H 222 — 
H A 277, 555— Brail, OWL 435— Brainerd, E 
159 — H C 471. 473. 496 — S J 102 — Braisted, 
W C 441 — Braley, E 208— W N 503 — Brande- 
bury, H G 492 — Brander, H S 395 — Brandon, 
E E 55 — Brattin, C h 162. 387 — Brayman. 
L E 266 — Brasrton, L 54 »» 59o — Braxeau, S D 
591— Breakey. I 35^— J F 357, 552, 553— Mrs 
J F 553— P A 356— W F 273, 279, 280. 317. 
356, 358 — Brechner, C 503 — Breckinridge, S 246 
—Breed, F S 486— Breitenbach, H P no— L P 
553 — Breitenwischer, A H 220 — Brender, P E 
208 — Brennan, F M 103, 341, 432 — H A 546, 
547— R J 158— V M 580— Brennen, F J 224— 
Brenton, W H 51 — Bresler, W M 500 — Brevoort, 
H M 500 — Brewer, A A 327 — Brewster, E R 
502 — Breymann, J B 342 — Bricc, E I 114 — 
Bridge, M R 328, 550 — Bridgman, E E 444 — 
O L 444— Brier, J C 554— Mrs J C 554— Brigden, 
W W 247— Briggs, E L 218— L K 327— M C 
61, 445 — ^JBrigham, R O 461 — Bright, A A 554 — 
C G 277 — ^Bringhurst, J H 554 — Brinkraeyer, 
R 107 — Briosa, G 50 — Bristol, A E 265 — Brit- 
ton, G B 112, 444 — Mrs G B 112 — M C 444 
R E 444— R F 442— Broad, R 277— Brodhead. 
A S 158 — Brodie, H 203 — Bromley, B D 32, 
39, 170 — Brooker, A G 209, 375 — Mrs A G 432 
— Brookhart, I* S 501— Brooks, C W 543— E 
E 498— J R 221— S D 499— W D 553— Broome, 
A L 433 — Broomfield, A 442, 543 — Broomhall, 
A M 147, 313. 314, 377, 384, 578— Brorens. h 
107 — Brough, B F 377 — Broussard, M J 285 — 
Brown-Browne, A C 104, i6o, 207, 315 — A M 
441— A V 580— D M 386— E C 164— E E 3M 
— E F 26s— E G 504— E N 533, 552— E V 102, 
375, 456 — G H 112 — H E 167, 246, 492, 504, 
554, 555, 579— H J 529— H M 328, 555— H S 554 
—I I, 108— J A 343— J E 488. 551— J S 102— 
J W 493— K H 216, 321, 495— L A 61— L W 
550 — M I 112 — M W 112 — N A 161, 207, 315 
— O 580— P R 471, 503 — R E 102, 462 — R K 
I07— T R 166— W 499— Mrs W 543— W E 169 
— vV N 317, 318 — Browning, D C 161 — Bruch, 
L M 462, 571 — Bruington, G W 582 — Brumback, 
O S 217 — Bnimm, J R 123, 395, 553 — Bninner, 
E M 588— L M 581— Briinnow, R E 84— Brush, 
C F 381, 473. 474— Mrs C F 474— Bryan, H 
K 264, 265 — W J 135, 206, 311 — Bryant, R O 
54 — Bryce, G C 220 — Bryson, t, h 234, 268, 
340, 495. 547, 592 — Buchanan, C R 529— E G 
294 — E S 10, 374 — Buck, G 434 — M J to6 — Mrs 
W B 588— Z P 462, 5SO— Buckley, H C 486— Buck- 
nall, J A 553— Bucknum, H H 531— Buel. H 
314— T B 543~Mrs T B 545— Buhl. Mrs T H 
155 — Bulkley. 11 C 45, 99, 155, 202, 287, 310. 313, 
372, 486, 552, 553, 575, 576 — Bullard, M S 208 
— Bundschu, C C 223 — Bunker, R E 154, 398, 

430, 472, 541, 551 — Bunston, H W 169, 328 — 
Bunting, R B 445— R J 445— R W 3x2 — Burch. 
C S 313, 314— R A 552, 568— Burcham, H C 
436^ — Burdick, E R 534 — Burford, R A 311, 
Burg. R E 157 — Burgan, C L, 553 — Burge, J D 
51— Burgess. G 448— G S 276, 385, 545, 55 L 
588— H h 169— M P h 315— Burk, F 557— 
J A 557— Burke, G J 173, 224, 505— W A 158— 
Burkett, A H 276, 551, 554 — Burkheiser, A M 
545— Burley, W J 588— Burlingham, H S 564. 57© 
Burmeister, W H 385 — Burnett, A W 497, 529 
— h N 6i, 169, 387— W J 496 — Bumham, A 
222, 554 — A E 223, 445 — V C 579 — Bums, E C 
209. 318— E M 550, 593— M M 554— W N 443 
— Burr, F M 277, 445 — Burrell, A A 342 — 
H J 170, 278 — Burret^ C A 79, 100 — Burridge, 
F A 169, 432, 555— V 155— V M 461— Burritt, 
C A 21*— Burrows, C W 315- Mrs C W 161— 
Bursley, J A 10 1, 272, 293, 338, 399, 442, 538— 
Mrs J A 272 — M G 492 — P E m, 543 — Burt, 
B C 266 — h 581— Burtner, W B 206 — Burton, 
C M 289, 552— C W 70, 568— Busby, P D 115 
— Busch, A 268 — Bush, A M 221, 553, 554 — E 
F 435 — M D 205 — Bushnell. T H 107 — Busooi, 
F 72— Butler, F 500— H 218— H M 550— J M 
105 — Mrs M B 104, 160, 207, 315, 490, 491 — 
O F 553- R E 157— Butterfield, M 275 — O E 
314- Butters, M H 492 — ButU, W H 31, 36, 
552— Butzel, F M 588— L M. 314 — Busby, E M 
343, 564, 570. 

Cable, 1) J 489— Cabot, R C 134— Cady, E B 
590— M V 534— W B 531— CaldweU. E B 543 
— G T 312— Calkins, W G 555— Callan, W 165 
— Callen, B W 265— Cameron, J M 6i— M 550 — 
Camp, A E 106 — Campbell, A 553 — A B 205 — 
A M 59, 554— C 300 — C F 385. 545 — E D loi, 
234. 485, 486, 552 — E S 124 — F 501 — H I* 320^ 
579 — J 268 — ^J A 165 — J F 209 — J t, 529 — 
K 271. 293, 399. 441, 534— L E 490, 491 — O J 
473. 496, 526— W A 382— W W 498— Canfield, 
A G ICO, 19 X, 242, 461, 485 — I^ K 500, 543 — 
h T 217— R B 553— Canright, N 547— Cant, 
H G 276— Canton. G T 327— Carey, A E 385— 
C C 203— Carhart, M S X04— Carleton. G H 
553— Carley, \V R A 314— Carlson, C K 275— 
H E 34» — J 592 — Carman, G N 529, 556, 557 — 
Carmody, M H 442, 536, 538, 540, 553 — Caron, 
G C 555, 588— G G XX4, 552— Carpell, O C 550 
— Carpender, W B 497 — Carpenter, A D 312 
— Mrs A D 312 — A G 47 x, 473, 49^ — C 217 — 
H B 7. 32, 114, 125, 155, 555. 594— L A 
432 — h C 540, 590 — h G 246 — R C 526, 528 
— T C 493— W B 534— Carr, F F 273, 385— Car- 
ragan, L H 325 — Carrier, W M 435, 437 — Carrett, 
H 547 — Carroll. H 432, 550 — W F 378— Carrow, 
F 237— H P 538, 543— Carson. Mrs O H 534— 
R M 287— Carstens, H R 503— Carter, A B 167, 
444— C B 206— C S 398, 526— Mrs C S 526— 
E A 277— h H 502— M B 53— Mrs M B 51— 
Cart Wright, C E 165. 538, 54o — Cary, G P 
490 — Mrs G P 490 — Case, C C 501 — E 497 — 
K C 250— E R 431— Mrs E R 431— E T 266— 
R E 312 — V 115 — Casey, A J 209 — Cason, C 
128 — Cass, I A 104, 160, 315, 490, 491 — Castle, 
G P 158— Caswell, G W 5S2— Catlett, J B 572— 
Cattell,DM 523, 552— Ca'.idill. W H 159— Caughey, 
D C 162 — Caul kins, G P 550— Cavanaugh. M J 27X, 
552 — Cedergren, J G 70 — Cerio, I 459, 486 — 
Chadscy, C E 10, 432, 578— Chaffee, E B 274, 
294, 444 — F F 54 — Chalmers. A B 57, 492— G 
543— J 57— S 492— W VV 218— Chamberlain. H 
K 208 — ^K 61 — Chamberlin. D S 328 — Chambers. 
J W 317, 4^7 — W N 443 — Champion, H L 246, 
458 — Champlin, H T 277 — P M X70 — Chandler, 
A B 5J— M O 112— S 529— W M 272— Chaney, 
A M .188- -E H 538, 540--M 554— Chans:, P H 
328"Chapin, A C 163— D L 536— E B 493— 
h E 582— R I) 106, 155— Chaplin, T 316— 
Chapman, A E 385 —C 383— C F 219 — H E 55<» 
— T E 385. 545. 554— L H 106— O 436— R M 54$ 
— Chappell-Chappelle, C E 222, 246— G A 443 
— G J 113 — Charles, F X05 — Chase, A B 207 — 
B F 164. 588— Mrs B F 164— B J 53, 79 — 
R S 114— E W B 553— V 61— Chastain, G D 
581— Chatel, F J 388— Cheever, P 430— Cheney, 
E H 487— G P 499—0 H 3x4, 324— Chenot, 

Digitized by 




J E 28s— Chickering, H E 3M, 324, 377, 433, 
578 — Childs, W h 374 — Chipman, A D 169-— 
G H 435— Chittock, W J 532— Chizum. G H 
115, 160 — Cbristensen, J C 123, 155 — L, E 222 — 
Christenson» A B 590 — Christian, C J 59 1 — 
E A 532—1 W 398, 529. 531, 565, 566— Christie, 
G 531 — Christman, R E 461, 578 — Christopher, 
K M 165, 207, 315, '325, 434, 490 — W H 493 — 
Chubb, A h 38s— C F 383— R L 554— Church, 
F h 540— F M 7, 114. 555— H W 554, 577, 592 
— Churchill, G 6i— Cissel, J H 262 — Claassen, 
G C 338 — Clancy-Clancey, M t, 167 — R H 315 — 
T 167, 433— Mrs T 167— Clapp, F L 328— L E 
328— Mrs L E 328— W M 497— Clark-Clarke, 
A B 276, 314— ^Irs C E 590— C E F 555— 
C F 445, 554— C S 554— C W 287— E A 550— 
E G 436— K H 270— F E 376— G VV 591— H 
A 433, 444, 554 — Mrs H A 444— II B 109 — 
H E 554, 555 — ii H 490 — Mrs H H 104, 160, 
«>7, 3»5, 490, 491 — H h 287, 461, 548 — H W 
a2i, 553— J G 112— J T 552—1. B 582— M A 
555— N T 504— Mrs O D 552— R H 444— R 
W 112, 554— Mrs R W 112, 554— S B 166. 590 
— S W 534- T C 163, 436. 438— W 124— VV F 
437_W R 163— Clary, D H 326— Claus, H T 
187 — Claussen, C S 164 — Clawson, I V 590 — 
Clay, G E 555- Clayberg, J B 160, 329— Clay- 
ton, G M 52— Clear, F A 328 — Cleary, C B 
555— J 61— Cleghom, D P 443~Clcment, A W 
287 — C E 160, 329 — Clements, N 53— W L 45, 
47, 99, 155, 202, 203, 262, 287, 309, 313, 372, 
484, 575, 576 — Cleveland, F A 377 — G H 163, 
532, 533— Iv E 273, 385— M C 328— Cleverdon, 
C C 540— Clift. ly M X14— Cline, I, L 55, 108, 
115— M h S XI 5— Clock, H G 314— Close, Mrs 
F B 552— Clough, H 17— Clyne, B 533— C F 
443— Coates, J 114, 168— Cobb. A W 264, 265 — 
C R 545—1 E 265— M H 555- N A 61, 551— 
Cobbs, J h 167— Coburn, H G 160— VV G 534— 
Cochran-Cochrane, J A 166, 246, 399, 553 — R 
E 547— W D 134, 179, 462— W S 159— Codd. 
G P 206, 552 — Coddington, E A 54— Code, W 
H 552— Codrington, W F 3x4— Cody, H S 385, 
487— Coc, H E 52, 491— Coffin, B I 170— L M 
114 — Coffman, h 342 — Cogsdill, H G 158 — 
Cogswell, M P 48, 168— Colburne, M A 61— 
Colby, C F 581— C W 222— M B 265— Colcord, 
D H 316, 328 — Cole, C C 200 — E L 102, 323 
— F C 529— H N 541— Mrs H N 543—1 S 436— 
J B 531— L G 168— R I 314— W C III, 123, 
377 — Colegrove, I B 378 — Coleman, H 213, 490 
— T 54— Coler, W P 223, 492, 550— Mrs W P 
550 — Colgrove, A R 493 — Collamore, K W 1x4 
— CoUiau, H J 578 — Colling, F E 555— CoUing- 
wood, C B 124— Collins, C I 5»— H C 494— 
J D 253, 254— J J 433— R S 462, 572— V I, 435— 
CoUyer, B 275— Colman, B T 444— Colson, B 
442 — Colvin, h B 60 — Coman, K E 266, 267 — 
Combes, F 499 — Comfort, F A 317 — Command, 
J R 376 — Comparette, T L, 434 — Compton. B M 
572 — Comstock, J 497 — ^J K 314 — W A 442, 536, 
538, 540, 566, 579 — Conable, E W 442, 540 — Mrs E 
W 102, 205, 206, 375, 540 — Conant, A B 
sty — Conder, E R 443 — Condon, L C 534 — 
Cone, h H 79, 545— Mrs I* H 553— 
Conger, H P 316— I. H 385— Mrs L H 385— 
R <» 555, 593— S B 448— Conklin, F h 550— 
H G 547, 548— H R 553— L W 387— T H 555 
— Conlon, M F 432 — T A 541 — Connell, H h x68, 
276— Connely, M M 547 — Connine, M J 582 — 
M N 546 — ConnoUy-Connoly, H M 61, 555 — 
Conover, C J 59— E W 277— Conrad, G W B 
443 — Conradi, L C 1x5. 277 — Conrey, N P 104 
—-Conroy, E R 3x4 — Converse, C L 294, 345, 
399, 541— H A 579— H J 553— J E 443— 
Cook-Cooke, A O 385, 545 — C F 295, 531, 552, 
- - 3-_C W '^ " 


C H 552 — Mrs' C H '55'2^^E L 538, '540— J t 

553— D M 494— E P 54— 
Mrs L S 372 
W 555— Mrs 

L 341, 342— J E 315— Iv 295~Mrs L S'372 
— M 295— R H 326— S F 

555— C O 553 
G L 341, 342- 

M 295— R H 326— S F 55 
W 531— W A 554— W J 553- W W 529^Cooley, 
C H 552 — Mrs C H 552— E L 538, 540— J T 
498— L E 524— M E 46, 47, 69, 72* 78, 1 01, 
123, 132, 155, X97, 218, 231, 244, 247, 262, 

263, 287, 3", 313, 431, 484, 488, 552, 569— T 
B 552, 553 — Mrs T B 553 — Coolidge, F W 
593— is B 500— Coombe, P A 462 — Coomer, R 

M x6x — Coon, T E 129 — Coonley, R B 54 — 
Coons, E 287 — G H 577 — Cooper, C H 159 — 
E M 445 — F I* 445 — P 445 — R M 265 — Cooter. 
P M 329 — Cope, O M 543, 553 — Copeland, E 
L 208— R S X47, 271, 314, 377— W G 379— 
Copely, h F 221 — Copeman, A E 162 — Corbett, 
M i35_— Corbit, R M 553 — Corbusier, C R 160 
— H D 313, 3x4 — Corcoran, J S 209 — Corey, 
G H 582— Cornelius, J D H 552— W M 553, 
591 — Cornell, H G 376 — Comwell, H F 223 — 
Corrigan, W F 222 — Cort, W 238 — Corwin, E 
S 439, 540— H B 285— H H 540— Cory, J W 
Jr 329, 555 — Cosper, G W 107 — Cotey, A M 
59 — Cotter, C T 220 — H C 220, 443—1 ^ 543 
— Cotton, J R 339 — Cottrell, G W 500 — Coughlin, 
G E 317 — Coulter, G M 462 — Coiirshon, J x6x 
— Covieau, W J 554 — Mrs W J 548 — Cowan, 
H C 234— Cowen, J K 381— Cowgill, P A 441 
— Cowie, D M 87, 93, 10 x, 553 — Cowing, G 
L X14 — Cowles, J B 494 — R B 552 — Cox, E 
313 — H S 317— J J lox, 247, 468 — J It 113, 
156, X57— W W 287— Craig, J B iii— J C 
317— J T 323— L J 106 — ^R 274, 275— Craxn, 
G W 396 — R A 389, 409 — Crampton, F F 2x9 
— P S 503— Mrs P S 376— Cramton, L C 315 
— Crandall, C A 502— G C 536— Crandell, A 
570 — Crane, G P 503 — H t, 445 — J L, 169, 504 — 
L T 208— R S 190— R T 310, 345, 557, 562— 
Cranner, E E 1x5 — Crawford, C B 571 — E S 582 — 
F 20s— F W 502— H W 209, 223— M H 546, 547, 
580 — Mrs M H 547 — VV E 60 — VV G 3x4, 327 
— Creech, M E 554 — Crego, VV L, 543 — Cren- 
shaw, h D X28— Cretcher, h H 223— Crill, M 
B 554— Criswell, C P 550— C R 593— R H 
70 — Crittenden, Mrs A R 540 — Croarkin, 
Mrs E H 220, 553 — Crocker, H S ixo — M 
<>52 — Crockett, F W 326 — Crofoot, L F 205 — 
Croman, H I 555— H T 6x— J M 552— Crom- 
well, M E 326, 385, 545 — Crosby, A B 301 — 
J M 291, 292— W VV 125. 287— Crose, N W 
54 — Cross, A It 584, 585, 594 — C 134 — H R 
31, 215— M I, 386— N M 276— R D 317— Cross- 
man, h E 114, 462, 555— -R M x68, 205 — 
Croswell, V^ R x6o, 386— Crothers, T G 383— 
Crotser, J A 222 — Crouse, Mrs J R 376— Crowe, 
C A 277, 492 — Crowley, C F 205— D H 546. 
59X — Cullen, G E 223, 433 — Culp, V 555 — 
Culver, A 582 — C H 488 — Cumming, J G 79, 
xoi. III, 430, 553 — Cummings, H H X74, 
261, 291, 557, 577 — Cummins, P A 53 
— Cunningham, I< M X24, x8i, 342 — P H X14, 
555 — Cupples, S 268— Currie. A h 158 — G A 
546 — Curry, G J 550 — R J 327 — Curtis-Curtiss, 
A D 57 — ^A E 49, 167, 264, 385 — E A 504 — 
G I, 53— G W 209— H K 555— M R 385— 
R O 553— Curwood, J O 268— Cushing, V^ O 
540 — Cushway, E 106 — Cutcheon, F R 3x4 — F 
W M 3x4, 324 — Cutler, G E 147, 270, 377 — 
H D 504— H J 169— J A 58— Cutter, J C 237 
— Cutting, C S 102 — Cutts, O F 147, 148. 

Dagistan, H T 273 — Dagner, A C 555 — 
Dailey. H D 59— J L 388— R H 59— W H 
489— Dale, H H 326— Da Lee, P W 168— W 
A x68— W W x6S— Dalton, J 443— Damm, h 
173 — Damon, A H 534 — G A 490 — Mrs G A 
490 — Dancer, H A 271 — Dane,^ R 221 — Danforth, 
J C 555— Danhof, J J 114— Daniels, F C 555 
— G B 529 — ly E 156, 430 — P A 113 — Darling, 
C G X55, 358, 398— G 581— J H 524, 552, 555 
— M A 224 — Darrah, D E 588, 591 — Darrow, 
E E 526 — Vv E 326 — Datson, E P 5x — Daughters, 
C B 499 — Davenport, G S 271— Davey, F P 558 
—J M X 60— David, S W 223— V C 385— David- 
son. C 70, 43^— H O 277— J 564— J V 220— W A 
276, 387— W F 114— W S 32— Davies, F H X67— 
T S 167 — Mrs T S 167 — Davis. A L 147, 377 — C 
A 3x5, 550— Mrs C A i6x— C B 157— D D 580 
— E E 2x8— F A 488— J B 7, 10, 484— J S 
445— K I 547— L Iv 163— M E 581— M T 62— 
R 580— R C 100— R D 492, 503— R M 580— 
T P 221— Dawson. B F 55— B H 343— 
C C 2X7— G E 526— Mrs G E 526— J 
500— R H 50X— W M 265— Day. E. D 582 
— L 500— L M x6j— S A 38s— W L 78, 132, 
471, 541- W R 205, 2x1, 3x3— Deal, J E 224— 
Dean. J R loi, 550— M A 169, 555— I>«Camp, 

Digitized by 




J E 115— -Decker, A J 553— Dee, N 316 — De 
Foe, A D 1 01, 155— F W 443— De Forest, C 
B 554— S S 385— De Ganley, G E 581— De 
Goenaga, E A 50, 491 — M 328, 550 — De Graff, 
W H 167, 580 — De Greene, A h 1x5, 555— 
De Groot, J I* 150 — DeGuise, N L 328, 550 — 
de Juan, F 491 — DeKruif, P H 101 — Delavan, 
C C 46X— M 246, 461. 564— P T 55— Delbridee, 
C F Jr 500 — C F 442, 500, 540, 553 — Mrs 
C F 500 — De Lipcsey, E A 536 — De Liptay, 
A B 532— De Long, B 564— Del Valle, F R 50 — 
M A 50 — M V 50 — P so, SI — R 50 — De Meules, 
E A 159, 273 — Deming, A W 52 — Demmer, C 
C 159 — Demmler, P E 385 — Demmon, E L 
446—1 N 244, 287, 356, 457, 486, 562, 576— 
de Nancrede, C B G 18, 46, 47, 88, 155, 300, 
358 — H W k54— P 113 — Denby, C 264— E 155 
— Denham, S M 209 — Den Herder, J H 550 — 
Denison, A 473 — A C 376 — M H 431 — Mrs M 
H 431 — Denman, B J 431 — U G 194, 197 — 
Denntson, W 435 — Densham, W J 317 — Depew, 
H A 555— Derickson, E C 542— Derthick, W 
M 114 — DeSpelder, E 532 — Dctwiler, W A 543 
— Deuney, M I^ 438 — Devereauz, J P 546 — 
Devlin, C A 160— De Voll, F U 123— De Vree, 
H V 114— Dew, C ly 58— Dewart, C V 287— 
Dewey, B A 106— C R 317— F A 208— F G 

103, 312, 384, 542, 543, 579— F I 399— F S 
552 — G M 504 — J 225, 226, 239 — Mrs J 315 — 
M C 432— De Witt, A D 385— C A 588— De 
Wolfe, E C 487— Deyoe, E H 532, 533— Dibble, 
S F 164— V R 378— Dicken, C L 553— Dickey, 
P B 181 — Dickinson, Mrs A 102, 205 — S S 
373, 411, 458, 550, 568, 570 — Dickson, J H 271 — 
Diederichs, t P 235 — Diekema, G J 289 — W 
A 169— Diekhoff, T 553— Dies, W P 276— 
Dieterle, A 58— J O 70— Dietz, G O 431— N 
D cso — Diggins, D C 265— Dilla, H M 112— 
Dillinger. J L, 53 — Dillman, E h 314 — R 170, 
329 — Dillon, F G 158— Ditchy, C VV 554- J 
A 550 — ^J K 554 — Divine, G A 271 — Dix, H P 
168— Dixon, F H 588— G E 222— R L 286— 
Doan, W I 546 — Dobson, R T 224 — Dock, G 
239 — Dockeray, F C 190, 553, 577, 579 — Dodd, 
M S 220, 377— Dodge, C K 526— Mrs C K 526 
— W T 398, 529— Dohrmann, F W 218— Doll. 
M G 273 — Dolph, N 1, 107 — Donahey, h F 
272 — Donaldson, R S 2x8 — Dondineau, A 555 — 
Donnelly, E 553 — H A 174 — Donovan, P J 554 
— D'Ooge, B L 529 — I J 1x3, 264 — M L 70, 
215, 271, 461, 509, 552 — Mrs M L 271 — Doolittle, 
H J 500— Doran, T J 445 — Dom, A A 498, 
536 — Mrs A A 536 — Dott, R M i6i — Doty, C A 
106, 113— E T 54— R E 168, 550— R W 222— 
W G 526, 528 — Dougall, W 494 — Dougherty, 
C J 157— C 1/ 327, 581- Doughty, E M 314— 
1, 580 — R W 3x4 — Douglas-Douglass, H W 343, 
534— Mrs H W 373, 542— ly C 135— Iv K 542, 
588— P P 106— S B 277— Dow, A 489— C M 
328— E VV 189. 552— Mrs E W 541— Dowd, 
h P 272— Mrs W S 166, 272— Dowling. E P 
321 — T T 580 — Dowraan, C H 58, 167 — Downey, 
E 579— M 554 — Dovmie, F P 107 — Downs, Mrs 
L C 552 — Dowric, G W 47, 236, 340 — Doyle, 
S E 114— T F 266— T J 550— Drake, E B 80, 
115— E 1/ 312, 552— J H 129, 344. 399. 494. 
495. 543— Mrs J H 553— R E 552— Draper, J 
B loi — Dratz, P A 264, 487, 538, 540 — Drees, 
T J x6i— Driscoll, A M 115— Drollinger, H B 

104, 580— Drury, C P 555— W R 169— Dryer, 
C A 446— Dubuar, C I, 528— Dubee, A V 70 — 
Dubois, A 257 — Dubry, E E 277, 388 — Ducey, 
J F 166 — Mrs J F 166 — Du Charme, C B 103, 
< 53— Dudgeon, W C 327— Dudley. C H 158 — 
D 329 — Duell, I4 P 462 — Duensing, M 105 — 
Duff, G M 504— M A 548— Duffey-Duffy, G K 
158, 376, 432— J E 406, 486, 534, 567. 577— 
M 158— W J 223— Duffield, B 579— Dull, G A 
315. 554. 592 — Dumas. H A 317 — Dunbar, F 
J 553 — Dunbaugh, C P 383 — Duncan, A G 59» 
§88 — n M 266 — ^T A 217— Dunham, F S 501 — 
L E 49S— Dunkley, W A 326— Dunlap, D L 
III, 112 — Mrs D t, III, 112 — E H 223 — S B 
223— T S 498 — W C III, 112— Dunlop, C D 
456 — Dunne, J 114 — M F 341 — Dunning, I R 
210 — S W 314, 437 — Dunten, L H 114, 169 — 

Dupont, R S 498 — Duppert, W J 431, 444 — 
Dupras, F 61— Durant, P D 51— Durkin, C M 
316 — Durstine, F H 496 — Duschak, L H 160 — 
Dusenbury, Mrs F J 553 — Duthie, G A 221 — 
Dutton, D D 58— H P 107, 115— Dyer, C G 
61, 114— Dykema, P W 55. 

Eaman, F D 134, 154, 442, 538, 450 — Earhart, 
L B 315, 434 — Earle, D 208 — Eastman. H P 
312— S C 552— Mrs W H 432— Easton, F E 
582 — Eaton, D H 545— E A 591- M 169— M 
C 492, 504— M N 432— Eberbach, C W 554— 
Eberle, E E 82— Eckel, J I^ 431— Mrs J L 
431— Eckhart, J W 487— Edie, J O 494— Ed- 
monds, Mrs A B 103, 206, 375, 488 — H S 209 
— Edmonson, J B 53, 58, 78, 79, 553 — Bklmunds, 
C W 189, 3x0, 359, 542 — Edmunson, L R 51 — 
Bdsill, E C 553— Edward, E B 593— M S 492— 
O F 312— R H 135— Edwards, D R 315— Mrs 
D A 161 — E H 499 — H P 317 — M 316 — Effinger, 
J R 7, 244, 337, 173, 376, 396, 430, 431, 486, 
488, 505, 552, 575, 576~Mrs J R 540— Egger, 
F L 501— Eggerth, A H 189— Egly, W H 168 
— Ehle, C E 593— Ehlers. G M 168— J H 487, 
540 — J M 321 — Ehrlich, L H 541 — Eich, L ii3» 
180, 554 — Eirich, C G 1x3 — Eisenhower, E N 
277 — Eisenmann, J 473, 496 — Elder, L W 385 — 
Eldredge, C E 124 — G C 01, xii, 115, 277, 
555— Eldridge, I, C 431— Elfers, C R 325— 
Elgart, B 550 — Elles. N B 265— EUicky A G 
541— Ellinwood, E E 536— Elliott, A J 135— 
J 203—1. E 553— Mrs W 53<^W D 592— 
Ellis, Mrs C W 545— G E 167, 266— L A 489— 
M M 238— Mrs M M 238— W 553— EUison. 
O 552— Elmer, A W 431— El-Sayed, M 54— 
Elser, Mrs E 377 — Elspass, G W 503— Ely, A 
Jr 3x4, 442— H R 342, 395—1/ A 314— S D 
314 — Embree, E R 128, 131, 560 — Emerman. M 
V 503— Emerson, M h 581— O J 382— P O 
395 — Emery, Z T 589 — Emmons, H H 324 — 
Engelmann, I, 494 — Engle, A A 312 — English, 
R B 191 — Ensign, J E 473 — Enzenroth, C H 
59 — Eppstein, J O 223 — Erb, P 431 — Mrs P 
431 — Erickson, F I, 553, 591 — J E 113 — Ernest, 
R D 581— Essery, C V 548, 555— F V 555— 
Estabrooke, D G 71 — Esten, A J 83 — Estes, 
L A 274 — Ettinger, I< P 275 — Evans, A 78, 79, 
487 — Mrs A E 166 — C R 222, 386, 504 — E M 
223 — F J 374 — I L 103, 471, 503 — O M 385, 
378 — Evatt, E K 445— Everest, C A 502 — Evers- 
man, W A 220 — Ewell, M D 55 — Ewing, B 61 
— W A 147. 3M. 377- 

Fahrenwald, F A 461 — Fair, R C 536 — Fair- 
banks, A 584 — C A 376 — E 555 — Fairman, L 
102, 205 — Fales, P L 274 — Fall, D 526, 528 — 
Fallon, B B 160, 548 — Fancher, T S 266 — 
Farmer, V D 545 — Farnsworth, G 261 — M F 
221, 273, 443, 543, 545 — Farnbam. F 61 — L A 
545 — O E 443 — T I. 335 — Farquhar, G 214 — 
Parrah, A J 157 — Farrand, H L 276, 432, 554 — 
Farrell, S 134— Fassett, N B 493— Fay, G E 
442 — J B 497 — Fauldner, G B 224 — Faxon, M 
G 168 — Fayram, M R 376 — Fearon, D C 106, 
386 — ^J D 106, 112 — Feddersen, II C 161 — 
Fee, J H 236, 245 — Feinstein, M 577 — Fellers, 
R R 234, 461— Fellows, F F 61 -Mrs F F 61— 
W E 61, 277, 594 — Felmley, D 529 — Felt well, 
J 582 — Ferguson, A L 461, 553, 577, 578 — B M 
224— C W 568— D M 273— E E 325— F C 431 
—Mrs F C 43 X— J C 125— R T 593— S H 61— 
W M 594 — W N 555 — Ferrier, J W 219, 223 — 
Ferris, J E 499 — W N 102, 103, 135, 158, 288 
— Ferry, DM 155, 165 — Mrs D M 165 — Ficken, 
R O 101— Field, F 462— H G 218— L N 60— M 
G 590— N C 337— W S 7— Finch. C S 579— F R 
46, 81— M R 82— R G 82— Fink, G E 487, 54i— 
Finkenstaedt, J W 462— Finley, C M 161— M F 
315 — Finn, E S 54— J I "3 — Finnegan, W B 
533 — Finney, A H 499 — B A 86, 105, 552 — II R 
553 — Finnimore, D W 317 — Finstcr, Mrs A R 
5QO — R R 314 — Firestone, C E 278, 492 — 
Fish, E 254 — E C 493 — Fischer-Fisher, A 
F 286, 524, 534, 536 — B L 106— C A 205, 
316 — E 62, 170, 431, 446 — F S 165 — F W 60, 
162— H P 160— L 575- Fishleigh, W T 220, 
543. 553 — Fitch, A 462 — FitzGerald, A M 278 — 
J J 62 — W h 546 — W M 555 — Fitzsimmonf, 

Digitized by 




H A 441— S B 502 — Pixel, A E 54^ — FUgg, 
F J 158— -T H 333— Plannigan« C R 158— 
Fleagle, F K 491 — Pleshiem, R S 501 — Pletcher, 
A K 531— A M 579— F W 528— Mrs G H 53i 
— G I ijs— H F 581. 594— L V 528— P K 555 
— Pleugel, E 448 — Flexncr, A 347 — Plint, M S 3M 
—Flood. A G 588— Plook, I, R 555— N S 461— 
Flowers, N 553— Plynn, E H jx2, 433— K E 174— 
Pogerty, H 570 — Pollin, T W 555 — Ponda, H M 
435— Poote, I B 318— M R 568 — M W 169, 446— 
W C 323— Pord. A 266— C B 500, 541— C L 2— 
H C 473» 49^— H W 60. 276, 314, 386, 588— I 
L 555 — ^J H 494 — M B 276 — W B 310, 394 — Ford- 
ney. A 265 — Foreman, J R 554 — R H 59, 554, 588 
— Forney, T G 315 — Forrey, B F 532 — Forsjrthe* 
Forsyth, C H 190. 577— H B 124— N A 161— 
W E 203, 224 — Foster, A M 167 — Mrs A M 
167— B h 435— B S 167— C E 62, 550— ly B 
322 — Foulk, F B 7, 593 — Fowler, E H 385— 
H R 56— J W 436— Fowles. F R 221— Fox. 

C 435— D E 291— E 564* 565— E M 180, 461 

~ .,. _.. .' ' 554-K sr. 

M W 166— Mrs M W 166— N K 314— P R 

S 59. 554- H W .isf^I 554— K 564- 

166— R M 500 — W W 493— Frace, D I 550— 
Prackleton, D S 531 — H L 00 — Franc, J J 314 
— Francis, D R 268 — H M 591 — Franck-FranV, 
C D 3»4— C O 378— H A 384— Franklin. M 
162 — W A 582 — Frapwell, A P JM — Fraser-Frazer, 
A H 324, 344, 398, 529 — C E 494 — L K 160 — 
Prayer, W A 79 — Frederick, O G 591 — Freece, 
J S 502— Freeman. C D 579 — F M 274— M H 
314— R C 166— Freer. A h 383— C I, i55» ^94. 
295, 319 — Mrs P C 383 — Frehse, A H 103 — 
Premstad. O 394— French, C E 582 — E C 532 — 
G J 526— H F 577— J L 57— Mrs J L 543— 
Preund, H A 399, 545 — H L, 592 — H M 592 — 
R S 436— Prick, H C 383— Friday, D 47, 69, 
124, 234, 246, 558 — Friedman, C K 2x8, 431 — 
Mrs C K 431—1/ K 181— Friexe. H S 529— 
Prink. F G 51— Mrs F G 51— J I, 167, 444. 
502— Frisbie. C M 112— M 112— M B 112— W 
108 — Prissell, S 582 — Frost, C G 504, 55© — D 
H 444— L W 62— M N 432. 433. 591— W S 164— 
Frothingham. E H 112, 380 — Mrs E H 112 — 
Fuelber. E M 276 — M 276 — O E 276 — Puhrer. 
M W 115, 157— Fuller, E G 168— F R 494— 
O N 166, 189, 385— M M 265— W P 160— 
FuUerton, F 543 — Fulton, J S 3M — Furman, E 
C 168, 223— J h 582 — FUrstenau. J G 102 — 
Fyke. C A 528— Mrs C A 528. 

Gable. H C 161, 547— Gadski, J 71 —Gage, 
B A 499 — E 504— F A 208— N L 208 — Gahn. 
H C SOI — Gaige. F M 71, 265 — Gale, A E 493 
— E M 221— Gallagher. K A 328— Gallichan, Mrs 
W 376— Galloway, E D 552— Gallup. E E 166 
— H E 157. 167. 443 — Gambill, J M 387 — 
Gamble, J R 210 — Gandy, C h 168 — Gannett, 
T^ K 503 — Ganung, Mrs S F 533 — Gardner, D 
It 313— E D 552— J S S 555- M E 62, 555. 
503— W A 156— Garfield. J R 281 — Garrett, I 
M 53 — Garrigues, E E 434 — Garst, J 56 — 
Garty, R J 221 — Garvin, h E 312, 433 — Gar- 
wood. D A 529 — T G 50 — R S 50, 524. 552 — 
Gass. A M 580 — H R 552— T H 553— Gaston, 
Mrs C R 541— Gates. B F 338 — Mrs E 
I^ 487. 553— F C 238— W C 536, 588— 
GaU, A D 276 — Gault. H G 70, 411, 568 — Gauss. 
C 380. 494— E B 554— J M 312, 554— Mrs J M 
312 — Gawne, C I< 593— Gay. G C 536 — Gayer, 
A L III — Gayley. C M 109, 190. 239 — Gaynor. 
P T 194. 22Z, 502— Geake. W C 541— Geddes. 
F I, 217— Geib. Mrs F P 432 — Geisler, J F 314 
— Geismer. E L 500 — II 156, 157 — Geleerd. M 
220 — Gelston, A B 529 — Mrs H M 390 — W L 
543 — Genebach. G J 374 — George. E K 550 — 
E L 314— E S 580, 593—1/ E 385, 399, 443. 
545 — R G 271. 314 — Georg, T «;47 — Gerberich, 
G H S54— P S 554— Gerhauser, G A 580— W F 
445— W H 445— Mrs W H 445— Ger^en. C 5'?3— 
Gemert. H E 314, 386 — Gibbons, T W 593 — O N 
581— Gibbt. F C 265, 277, 588— Mrs F C 265— 
G 459 — Gibson. Mrs E B 552— E D 588— F M 
552— G H 27?— H E 60, 554— J R 107— T T 
53. 6i. 327 — W P 70 — Gieske, A I^ 287, 461 — 
Gifford. H 532— W A 553— Gilbert. C 389. 409 
— Q O 170, 554. 555— W B 160— Gilchrist, C 

P 496— J E 555— Gilday, S 543— Gildersleeve. B 
239— Gill. Mrs I I, 554— Gillard, J R 385. 
545. 554 — Gillespie, J 264 — Gillette, E M 528 
— F B 553— G M 528—!^ h 554— Gillmore, R 
H 387 — Gilman, A E 277 — H F 502 — Gingerich, 
S F 82, 190, 203 — Ginsburg. A J 554, 593 — 
T 246. 432, 461 — Gisbome, H T 179 — Glasgow, 
D M 499— Glass. G 558 — Glauz, V 564 — Gleason, 
H A 47, 112, 203, 373 — T M 222 — Gleed, C S 
208— Glenn, C W 581— Mrs J M 314 — Glennon. 
J J 268— Glover, C C 554, 555— C G 555— G C 
Id, 102, 114 — Glynn, Mrs E W 553— Goddard, 
E C 552,553— H W 276~L W 52— M A 541— 
Goodwin. D E 275 — M W 275. 547 — Goehring. 

C 550— Gocthals, G C 455— Goflfe, J R 314— 
Goff, F H 473, 497, 529 — I C 497— Gold, MAS 
394 — Goldman. M D 553 — Goldthwaite. N E 435- 

394 — Goldman. M D 553 — Goldthwai 
Gomberg. M 534 — Good. C E 444, 
G P 524— R H 162— Goodell. H ] 

547 — Goodale, 
524— K H 162— Goodell, 11 M 490— L W 
548 — Goodenough, t, W 263 — Goodenow, H E 
581, 593— W B 60, 157— Goodhue, B G 389. 
409 — Gooding, F E 159, 489 — Goodnow. F J 455 
— Goodrich, C J 329, 374, 375— E M 553— E 
P 3M. 552, 589, 590 — F H 265 — F h D 100 — 
R D no — Goodwin, L R 502, 591 — W J 341 
—Goodyear, D S 554— E B 434— J J 552— 
Goong, W 46 — Gordon, D 157 — J D 553, 591 — 
L E 551— N B 503— Mrs R 54— W 499 — Gore, 
V M 45, 155, 202, 261, 310. 313, 485, 575. 576— 
Gorman, A M 315 — Gornetzky, A J 288 — Gors- 
line, N B 431— Mrs W B 318 — Goshom. C B 
287, 461— Gould. F 577— F E 550 — H C 266— J 
36— J K 277— M C 265— M E 208— P 300— 
D 270 — Goulding. H J 553— Graber, P E 


325— T F 54— Grace, M J 552— S P 165— 
Gradle. H S 553 — Mrs H S 102, 205, 553 — 
M S 287— W 280, 287, 372— Grady. D H 383— 

Graff. H 53 — Graffius, H W 115— Graham, E K 
337— F S 83— M 580— Gram. L M 541, 542— 
Granger. A G 11 1 — Grant, A B 115 — C B 312, 
486, 552, 559 — Granville, R 547 — Grauer, O 316 
— Graulich, I 209 — Graupner. F W 387— Graves. 
F P 582— N 210 — Grawn. C B 106 — Gray. A 
478— C H 499— E 327— T B 327— J S 263— J 
W 3i7~M A 327— M C 395— M W 436— M 
W Jr 274— W 155— Grear, C K 553— Great- 
house. Mrs C H 161 — R C i6i. 207. 315 — 
Green-Greene. A C 273 — A E 550 — B I< 498 — 
C M 442, 540— C W loi. 501— F M 62— F 
W 384, 553—1 W 548. 550— J A 541— J W 301 
— L B 166— M C 533— M T 536 — W 104, 314— 
Greenebaum. L 287 — Greenfield, L D 501 — 
Gregg. M H 160— Gregory. H M 265 — Greiner. 
A F 31 — Grenell, A F 342 — Grierson, E P 107 
— Griese. J F 497 — Grieve, C C 325, 542 — Griffin, 
J B 592— W J 546— Griffith, F 378— R C 388 
— Grimes. E h 385 — Grinstead, D 114, 180, 
341, 555 — Grismore. G C 47, xiS — Griswold. J 
B 436 — M 550 — Grobety, J 162 — Groesbeck. C E 
325 — Groner, O S 500— Grose, H D 554 — Grosh, 
L C 219 — Grosner, S S 125, 288, 388 — Grossman, 
E G 160 — Grove, W A 61, 550 — Grover, F W 
341 — O I, 2B7 — Groves. E W 436 — Gruba. T A 
553 — Grylls. R G 245 — GucVenberger, H 206 — 
Guggenheim, TI I^ 384 — Guild. S R 10 1. 102 — 
Guilford. M B 53 — Guinon, M F 266 — Gtmdlach, 
C E 431— Mrs C E 431— Gundry, C M 545— 
Gunn, M 300, 301. 387 — Guppy. R 51 — Gustafson. 
I B 265 — Guthe. C E 62 — K E loi, 190, 191, 303, 
239, 244, 287, 310, 391, 575. 578— Guthrie, V B 
471, 503, 547, 548 — Gutman. Mrs H H 432 — Guyer, 
E H 431 — Gwinner. A F 317. 

Haab, O E 54'», '547 — Haag, M 564 — Hacker. 
J w 327— Hackett. C W 376— N 11 21Q— Hadley. 
E 16R— L 554. 577— R V ?7R. 312— W H 54— 
Hadzits, G D 191, 435— Haff, C B 17^, 450, 
550, 503 — D J 552, 556. 557, 503 — HafFord. G C 
«;52 — Hafner, E 206 — Hagans, O C to6 — Hagar, 
G H 160— Hagedorn. D A 436— Hager, F L 
385 — Hagerman. D B 278, 40? — R H 593 — Hag- 
gas, G E 5S4 — Hageerty. M E 277 — Hagler. 
E E 53 J, 536, 579 — Hapmaler. K W 57. 2 -•2 — 
Hagoe, E M 40? — M 167— Haight. F J 387 — 
W H 473, 496— Haire. N W 323— H»»isJit>, E W 
»79, 235. 41 T, i;55. 581 — Hale, A B 56, 407 — 
W W 189— Hall, A G 31, 39, 244. 359. 552— 

Digitized by 





Mrs A G 246, 552— A J 553— A S 55^— C W 
51— E A 536— F A 328— F ly 497— F S 52, 
161, 491— G C 314— J H 552— J W S04— L P 
505, 533— L W 162—0 M 502—0 W 569— 
R F 165, 264— W H 494— W R 435— Halleck, 
J E 60. 276, 554— Haller, C H 553— E L 554— 
F I 208— H G 53, 59— L P 263, 378, 387— 
Halley, C 209— Hallowell, VV E 53»— Hamaoka, 
I 3M» 325 — Hamcl, E 265 — Hamilton, B 374 — 
C H 435— Mrs F G 554— F G 106, 554. 588— 
G T 246— H 61— H I 581— R L 161— R VV 553 
— S M 47— W H 7, 47, 263— VV J 498— Hamlin, 
S D 490 — Hammell, D 317 — Hammer, E J 553 — 
G C 114, 555 — Hammerschmidt, h M 405 — 
Hammersmith, J V 550 — Hammill, VV J 205 — 
Hammond. E T 385. S45» 554 — F B 103, 113, 
554— H E 385, 545 — Hampton, V H 338 — 
Hamsher, L C 265 — Hanchett, B S 45, 99, 155, 
202, 261, 262, 309, 310, 313, 576 — Handy, J S 
271 — S T 57 — Hanley, S 220 — Hanna, D 536 — 
G V 564— J P 550— N J 564— Mrs R G 5S— 
Hannan, B M 395— Iv 528 — VV VV 528, 529, 
552 — Hannon, C W 160— J F 194— Hannum, 
E I^ 277 — Hans, O H 541 — Hansen. G VV 315 — 
E B 167 — Hanshue, H M 543 — Hanson, D S 
496— E A 581 — Hanus, P H 190, 268- -Harbaugh, 
Mrs C 312— Harby, I 386— Harden, VV II 593— 
Harding, Mrs F I 376— F R 555 ~S T 160— 
Hare, C L 157— E VV 111— VV C 492— Hargrave, 
L D 401 — Harkness, H 590— Harmon, G h 
7$ — G VV 210 — VV G 113, 461, 554 — Harney, 
H 377 — Harnit, J M 274 — Harpham, C L 314 
—Harrington, H J 550— L VV 274, 545— M VV 
478— Harris, A M 167— C T 270, 471— E G 81 
— E M 264, 265— F E 329— G H 543— R I> 
552— R K 170— Harrison, Mrs C H 375— H T 
SCO — L H 554 — T 71, 289, 452, 453, 509 — Har- 
rod, T H 554 — Harrow, K E 443 — Harry, J 
H 554 — Harsha, J VV 441 — Harshman. H II 70, 
338— Hart, H 115— W A 168— Mrs VV . E 540— 
VV L 205, 271, 272 — Hartman, H R 265, 276 — 
S B 582— Hartsig, E R S55» 594— Hartwell, E C 
593 — ^11 VV 209 — Harvey, A G 52 — H F 497 — 
Mrs H VV 540— J H 218— J M 315- T W 492— 
Haskell, A lo^— R H 386— Haskins, H D 218— 
Hasse. C H 161, 207— E C 62— Hastings, J F 
103— Mrs J F 103— Hatch, H J 159— J N 164, 
218, 487, 552— M G 545— VV B 553— Hatcher. 
H E 555— Hathaway. B E 499— C 436 — M 162 — 
R E 317 — Hatler, M VV 278, 329 — Hauenstein, 
E S 489 — S 489 — Hauhart. W F 203— Hauser, 
J H 582— Haven, E O 488— Havenhill, L D 
579— Hawkins, V D 325 — Hawley, C A 315 — 
H M 287, 461— I M 327— R E 275— Haxton, 
F G 287, 461— Hayden, O B 529— R 577— Hay- 
don, I 588— Hayes, C B 164— C M 432— D VV 
60, 554— E M 547- G Jr 554—11 G 59— N M 
432— P J 221, 385— R W E 553— T D 278^- 
W M 493— Ha3mer, E I 158— Haynes, M R 62. 
169 — Hays, J G 411— J H 542— Haren, E H 
270-M C 266— Headsten, E W 502— Healy, C 
VV 61, 551— Hearn, H R 278— Heath, E M 554 
— F K 442— H L 7. 426, 554. 557— Mrs H E 
554— R S 159— HeaUey, T F 194, 223— Heaton. 
C R 432— Heavenrich, S F 552— Hebert, A G 
278 — Hecker, C H 553— Hedges, F 161, 207^- 
Hedrick, E R 499 — Heenan, E V 543— Heff el- 
bower, A B 395 — Hegner, R VV 267 — Heider, 
E M 312, 431 — Heidingsfeld, M L 206— Heidt, 
O H 550, 581— Heinecke, T C 328. 594 — Heine- 
man. D E 57. 103. 286, 505, 536, 550, 552, 566 
—Held. E 209— Heller, F S 552— Helm, B 115 
— Helmecke, C A 168 — M G 169, 555— Hclms- 
dorfer, A L 115. 555 — Hemans, t, T 289 — 
Hemenway, J 554 — E E 436 — Hemphill, R W 
155 — Hempl, E 163 — F 452 — G 163, 191, 524, 
528, 529, 552 — Mrs G 163, 552 — H 163, 528 — 
Henderson, C E 552- C R 555— R G 327— 
VV D 31, 101, 203, 220, 337, 553, 578 — Mrs VV 
D 31, 220, 553 — Hendry, F 102, 444 — G VV 327 
— Henion, F E 104, 160, 207, 315, 490 — Henkel, 
C H 220 — Henne, E T 554 — Henning, J 62 — 
J E 555— Henry, B 58— Mrs B 58— F A 499— 
G P 343— E S 162— VV B 554— Hepburn. A D 
553— J E 552— Herbert, V H 160— VV C 314— 
Herbold, C 312— Mrs C J 312— J O 312— Mrs 

J O 312— Herbruck, W A 205— Herbst, B C 
554 — II H 552 — Hernandez, T H 50 — L G 491 
— Herr, A VV 499 — Herrick, J 103, 205 — M T 16 

-O E 436 — VV II 496— Herriott, J 161 — Herr- 
man, S 62, 224, 504 — Herron, J H 471, 503 — 
Hertel, C F 312 — Heru, E E 107— Hess, B 167 
— E F 222 — H 455 — H VV 194, 196, 219, 377 
— Hessenmueller, E E 496 — Heston, VV M 326 — 
Hetchler, A J 3S7 — Heusner, L D 14 — Hewes, 
L I 321 — He wit-Hewitt, E M 555 — F A 222 — 
H S 224 — Hewlett, A VV 454— Heyns, G 461 — 
Hibbard. 1 D 577— J E 541. 542— Hickey, P 
M 552— VV I) 489 — Hickin, E M 432 — Hickman. 
C B 265— Hickok, F E 180, 339, 455— H A 
316— Hickox, E H 62— Hicks, A P 219— H H 
462 -J F idS— J E 564— R C 316 -VV S 550 
— Hidey, R M 58— Hidy, J 497— Higgins, M 
E 548— S E 163— Higley, C 498— D J 532— 
F 497— Hildebrant, H R 555— Hildncr, J A C 
180, 343. 3(>^^ 455, 534— Mrs J A C 343— Hil- 
gard, E VV 478— Hilkey, C J 70— Hill. C E 
26s, 384— Mrs C M 205— F J 327— G S 384— 
II C 6i, 108, 160— J M 327— E S 502— N S 
58— R A 388. 504— R F 315— S E 210— HiUicker, 
II E 168, 550— Hills, C VV 375— Mrs C VV 102, 
205, 206, 375, 488— Hilton, Mrs J 436 — Himelein, 
E M 592 — Himelhoch, C 494--Hindman, Mrs 
A C 432— Hinds, M D 461— Hine, D 378— 
Mrs H O 161— Hines, E N 287— Hinklc. F 
115, 170 — Hinsdale, A E 553, 554 — B A 172 — 
M 432— M E 534— N D 441— W B 244, 576— 
Hinshilwood, Mis A 376 — Hinton, VV 159 — 
Hippler, C H 170, 554, 555— Hirshfeld, C H 
246 — Hitchcock, C VV 129, 399, 529 — J L 553 — 
VV D 381, 493— Hoad, VV C 287— Hoag, J II 
317— L A 238— Hoagg, K K 555 — Hoare, A J 
58S— Hobart, R E 60— Hobbs, VV II 189, 191. 
239, 321, 342, 372 — Hobson, H 135 — Hoch, K 
B 169, 446— -T A 110 — Hodder, F II 441, 579 — 
Hodge, H A 529, 531, 552 — Mrs H A 552 — H 
D 317 — Hodgman. W E 553 — Hodgson, J 445 
— M K 445— M W 445— Hoenes, A J 382— 
Hoeninghausen, E 277 — Hoexter, S J 68, 247 
— Hoff, N S 244, 263— P M 287— Hoffman, R 
A 580— R T 288— S 254— W VV 579— Hoff- 
meister, F J 329, 555 — Hogadone, I E 62 — 
Hogan. A VV 53 — Hogeboom, E C 552 — Hoghton, 
E S 114. 554, 588— Hogue, R E 555— R W 328, 
387 — Holbrook, C A 54 — E 123, 359, 376, 377, 
541 — Mrs E 553 — Holcombe, F V 590 — Holden, 
E E 276 — E E 474 — Holland, H K 106, 112, 
554— J M 314— W T 550— Hollands, VV C 455— 
Hollenbeck, C 497 — HoUinger, A 550 — Hollister, 
R D T 166, 180, 191, 543— Mrs R D T 166. 
545 — Hollon, E 59 — Holmberg, E T 502 — Holmes, 
B E 312— B H 159, 489— C R 168— E R 168— 
E S 502— G H 312— H S 554— H VV 223— L D 
491— M G 167— R E 168— R O 374— S E 71-i- 
W F 311— W R 156— Holt, A 433— S 342— 
Holznagle, M 550 — Homiller, M 492 — Honan, 
E M 461— Honey, J T 220— Honnald, R J 167 
— Hoobler, Mrs B R 166— M S 1 66— Hood, H 
T loa, 461 — J S 582 — Hoogsteen. F VV 170 — 
Hooper, J M 582 — Hoover, A E 487 — C G 114 — 
Hopkins, B E 105 — F M 315 — ^J 224 — L A 577 
— Hopper, B 564 — K A 158, 553 — Hopson, R 
E S3 — Hopwood, J A 385 — Horrigan, M A 493 
— Horton, G B 263— G S 436— R M 496— Hosig. 
E 580 — Hosmer, A 164 — G S 130, 528— M S 
532 — Houder, J VV 431 — Hough, J H 314. 327 
— VV S 310— House. G W 503— M E 555— 
Houser. A VV 430 — Houston, F C 170— M F 
543 — Hovey, R B 442 — Howard, E P 532 — 
G C 314— W^ J 277— Howell. E M 276— J E 155— 
J H 555— M A 536— M D 327, 430— N H 590— 
PA 161, 207, 31S— R B 553, 590— Mrs R B 
590 — VV 499 — VV C 503 — Howes, A P 532 — 
Howland, J C 315— Howlett, Mrs F VV 540— 
Hoxie, J M 546 — Hojrt, A H 107 — D 113 — 
E V 113— F M 51— R E 328— VV A 113, 548. 
555— Mrs W A 554— W E 494— W V 577— 
Hubbard, C 528— C A 581— J L 493— L E 10, 
45. 90, 155. 202, 310, 3", ^13, 372, 484. 48s, 
575- P 125, 287— P J 581— T H 217— VV S loi, 
112, 315— Hubbell, C VV 206, 343— J B 315— 
Huber. E G 384, 590 — G C 88, 10 1, 129, 189, 

Digitized by 




291, 472, 556, 559 — HudnutL J F 114 — Mrs J 
O 533~Hudson, K t, 353— J H 533— M h S36 
— R 279, 316, 353, 354. 457, 486, 576 — Huffman. 
J R 278 — Hughes, C A 103, 409, 543 — G A 533 
— K W 4«9— Iv C 60, 223 — ly E 341— Iv ly 580 
— R T 387— Hughitt, E F 459— Hulbert, H S 
555— L S 170— Hulett, M 275— Hull, C h 168 
— G D 168, 387, 550— G M 536—1 M 554— 
J B 498— Iv C 552, 559— L C Jr 314, 385— M 106— 
O C 61 — Hulst, Mrs H 433 — ^J 219 — H umber, 
A M 536 — Humbert, J G 169 — Humphreys, W 
396— Hunawill, G N 554— Hunt, C 487— H O 

385, 545— Mrs M E 262—0 E 59i— O F 529, 
I— W F 577— W R 339— W W 579— Hunter, 
F P 550— G M 555— J A 53— J V 528— L P 


376 — L R 528, 529 — M R 263, 277 — Huntington, 
H G 26s, 275— HunUey, W B 278, 555 -Hunts- 
berger. 1 N 376— Hurley, E B 547, 548— R J 
223, 580— Hurrey, C 135— Hurst, E R 48, 156, 
206, 311, 312, 430, 550 — H 162 — Huson, F 158 
— Hussey, R 286— R W 179— W J 55, 286, 508. 
578— Mrs W J 286— Huston, D B 386— R B 
399, 543— S A 386— Hutchins, E R 528— H B 
40, 45, 46, 47, 69, 99, »oo, loi, 135, 155, 180, 
197, 202, 203, 207, 231, 244, 246, 263, 287, 
310, 313, 314, 315, 332, 334, 337, 372, 373, 
391, 396, 406, 425, 426, 430, 456, 458, 486, 
487, 488, 489, 508, 509, 515, 516, 531, 552, 
568, 575, 576, 578— Mrs H B 396. 488— H C 
314— J C 155— Hutchinson, C 529, 536 — Mrs C 
536— M A 166— Hutzel, A F 554— R S 246— 
Hyatt. G G 550— Hyde, Mrs A I, 582— E J 
314, 326— F C 314— Mrs F C 434— ly B 462— 
M C 265— R E 500— W 526, 552— Hymans, E M 

Ibershoff, A E 501 — Idc, S 100, 202 — Ideson, 
R S 115 — Igaravidez, G 50- Ilgenfritz, K V 
5«;2 — Immel, E O 51 — M L 275 — R K 208, 275 
— Mrs R K 275 — IngersoU, 11 158 — Inglis, A 
564- C G 550 — H J 547, 548 — Inui, K S 443» 
580 — Ion, T P 3^7— Irvine, A S 102, 555 — 
Irving, G R 445 — M E 115 — Irwin, O B 579 — 
Isbell, W N IIS— Israel, S 265— Ives, W G 
108 — Ivey, P W 47 — lyenaga, T 105. 

Jack, C M 442, 540 — Jackman, M A 550 — 
W F 552— Jackson, F 246— G H 222, 378— 
^«P A^^T M 265-V H 147. 314, 377- 
— W H 552— Jacobi, F 219— Jacobs, E A 
555— E 11 54»— K 69 — Jaehnig, M S 540 — ^James, 
C G 326 — E E 316— lameson, J A 263, 487 — 
Jamieson- Jamison, C E 278 — C O 161, 207, 315 
— Jansen, P 169 — ^Jarman, G I 208 — Jarvis, J 
W 108— Jasnowski, C H 326— Jayne, I W 273, 
312, 38s. 543, 545— Jefferds, M B 167, 554— 
Jeffers, F t, 314 — Jefferson, M 341 — ^Jeffery, A 
T 222— Jeffries. E D 113 — Jenkins, J Jr 314 — 
Jenks, C H 32— W L 289. 524. 552, 556— 
Jenney, G R 492 — Jennings, A E 552— Mrs A E 
552— H 432 — H S 191— 1 C 61, 62, 266, 555— 
J G 590 — ^J J 488 — L H 120, 130 — ^Jennison, F 
J 433. 441, 588— Jensen. P 533- W P 59— 
Tenter, C G 209 — Jerome. T S 237, 262, 458 — 
Jeter, R C 235, 237— Jewell, E E 492— Jickling, 
K E 503— Jocelyn. E P 342, 394, 552, 558, 559 
— ^Johannes, E E 107 — John, C 107 — E 583 — 
WAP 454, 572— Johnson, A 107— A G 289, 
453— A M 385— B 547— C B 435— C P 268— 
C R 588— C S 223, 276, 386, 550— C V 569— 
C W 278— D C 115— D W 341— E B 126— E 
F 115. 197, 377— E R 552— F M 552— G C 499 
— G D 569— G M 545— Iv C 547, 548— Mrs L 
C 554- -E W 376— R 223— R W 286— W C 
552— W H 500— Johnston, A E 554— C H 286, 
529, 533— C N 51— C T 47, 109, 246, 394, 553 
— H 163, 164 — J B 14, 15, 20, 66 — Mrs J B 
105— P V 504— W M 552— JoUiffe, E V 554— 
Jones, A C 223— A J 385— A S 433— D 158— 
E D 124— E M 553- F G 264— H 208, 374— 
H W 501— M A 57— N R 444—0 K ao6— O 
R 170, 446— P V B 208, 553— Mrs P V B 554 
— P W 345, 442, 538, 540— R E 581— S 223— 
Jordan. F B 552— G E S3 i—M B 166, 180, 
227, 245, 246, 341, 359, 373. 486. 553, 547, 557 
— W 85— Jodyn, E E 312— L E Jr 245— 
Joaselyn. H W 545— Joy. Mrs H B 373— R C 

384 — ^Judd, F E 115 — ^June, M S 2, 49, 157 — 
Jungman. J W 498. 

Kahn, A 460, 576 — ^J 386 — Kaiser, G 378 — 
Kalich, B 181 — Kammerer, E E 265 — Kane. F G 
112, 181, 491, 592 — M B 112 — Kapp, F A 194, 
196, 222, 592 — Karpinski, E C 203, 215, 340— 
Karr, H M 338 — Karshner, C F 385, 545, 554 — 
Kass, J F 161— W J 161— Kastl, A E 163— 
Kauenberger, G A 57, 271, 293, 399, 536 — 
Kauffman, C 11 554 — Kaye, J H B 433 — Kayne, 
T Y 531 — Keane, J A 115, 265, 293 — Kearney, 
T D 552— Keatley, E W 594— Kebler, E F 315 
—Mrs E F 161— Keck, (5 433— Kcclcr, F E 
99, 155. 202, 262, 309, 310, 313, 441, 484, 576 — 
K F 461— Kecna, J T 384— E J 384— Kecney, 
J R 552— Keep, H 57— Mrs H 57— M 57— Keith, 
A H 442, 538, 540 — A M 276 — Keliner, E J 
N 62— Keller, C E 553, 59i— C R 55o— D I 
384— Kellogg, D C 169— Kelly-KeUey, E D 341 
— G A 161 — G D 431 — J 54, 529 — ^J B 102, 554 
—J J 115— K 504— P H 315- Mrs P H 207— 
Kelsey, F W loi, 215, 237, 262, 458, 486 — J M 542 
— M 246 — Kemon, E B 315 — Kemp, E G 224, 554, 
555 — Kempster, J H 385 — Kendrick, R R 385, 543, 
545, 554, 566 — Kennedy, C C 461, C S 550, 554 — 
E M 158, 159— G E 278— J B 432— T J 61, 
114— Mrs J E 108— M A 387— S S 113— Mrs S S 
113— Kenny, E J 385— J T 275— Kent, C V 577 
— C W 384— Kenworthy, S R 431— Kenyon, E 
A 62— Kephart. W M 436, 546— Kerley, A P 3M 
Kerr, H W 245— G W 445—1 E 445— Mrs I E 
445— J Y 385— W G 550— Kcrvin, C E 55o— 
Kessel, F J 114— S G 494— Kessler, C J 107— 
Ketcham, W J 436— Kevea, G T 246— 
M 289, 452, 453— W C 167— Kibbee, E P 
210— Kidd, H 53— W T 161— Kidston, R H 
385, 545— Mrs R H 554— Kiefer, G A 
286— Kilborn, R D 461— Kilcline, E F 107— 
Killeen, E G 314 — Kilian, H A 494 — Killian, 
D A 543— Killilea. H J 7S» 132— Killins. G E 
555— Kimball, Mrs F E 376— S F 109, 191, 577 
— Kimber, T W 278 — Kime, A C 435 — Kimer- 

line, H B 222 — Kimmel, E M 490, 491 — Kimura, 

~' " "" "" '" S 312 

^ 19 
_.. . 159— J K 552—] _ ^ 

224 — Kingman. A C 374 — J R 276 — Xingsley. 

M 580 — Kinch, H A 388 — King, C b 312, 431- 

Mrs G W 541— H 265— H E 196, 198, 

H W 553- J H 155— J R .552— Kingery, E B 


H H 529 — H E 462 — J S 254, 257 — Kingston, 
G B 327, 387— Kinietz, W C F 399, 543— Kin- 
nan, E W 433 — Kinne, E D 173— Kinney. II M 
550 — Kintner, C J 270, 526 — Mrs. C J 526 — 
Kinyon. C B 61, 224— M 554— Kirby, E G 
194, 196, 222 — T M 501 — Kirchmaier. G A 
194, 217 — O 376, 383 — Kirchner,. R G 271 
—Mrs R G 271— R G Jr 271— W 591— Kirk. 
W B 159, 489— Kirkbride, VV G 541— Kirkpatrick, 
J C 209, 210 — VV A 210 — Kistner. J R 504 — 
Kitchen, H W 473 — KUlger, K 161, 207, 315 — 
Kleene, G A 271— H C 553— Klein. G H S43— 
Klelnstuck, C H 528— Kline, G M 399, 542 — 
O 289, 453— W D 374— Klingel, W 489— Kling- 
man, F D 554— Kloepfer, C O in— Klose, W 
H 543— Knapp, M H 312— T J 553— W B 317— 
Kneeland, D 162— Knepper, G W 581— Knight, 
A B 503— C S 552— E K 314, 501— F K 553— 
J W 210— W C 553— Knill, F M 316— Kniskem, 
E T 113, 314. 554— P W 113— Knisley, A D 
489— V M 489 — Knoch, H G 550 — Knowlton, 
J C 528, 541, 552— Knox, S K 52, 58— Koblitz, 
M S 501— Koch, A B 2aj— S M 115— T W 55, 
100, 123, 287, 305, 380, 458, 587 — Koebbe, E E 
70, 550 — Koehler, C J 276— Mrs C J 276 — Koess- 
ler. Mrs K K 102. 205— Kohler, A H 431— A W 
62, 209 — F E 277— Mrs F E 277— J ^77 — Kohn, J 
S 501— Kolb, F J 71— M 550— M C 554— Kolbe, F 
F 47, 62, 114— KoUock. J C 436— Kolmesh. A J 
554 — M J 548 — Kolsm A J 161 — Koontx, T R 208 
— P D 114. 155, 4»i, 458 — Kotts, F A 218— 
Koons, C W 208— Kountx, C D 180— Kraft, R W 
550— Krakau, E J 555 — Kraus-Krauss, E H 10, 
203, 321, 340 — F 496— -J J 60, 445, 555 — Kremers, 
A loo — E 492 — E D 159 — R E no— Kretxschmar, 
A W 554— Kreusberger, O H 223— Kristal, F A 
47— Kronbach. E W 503— Kropidlowski, J F 276 
— Kuebler. H C 218— P J 223— Kugel. H K 327 
— E C i6i— Kuhl. G E 383— Kuhn, A H 555— 

Digitized by 




F 224— G H 161— L E 492— Kuhr. M P 550 — 
Kunwald, E 72 — Kurr, H W 165, 580 — Kusterer, 
C C 376— Kyau, M 54, 53^— Kynoch, C W 168 
— Ksrselka, A G 275. 

Labar, R E 324 — Lackey, L R 170 — Lacy, H 
M 372 — Ladd, A L 47 — Ladoff, S 548 — Lafayette, 
J I> 553— La FoUette, R M 180 — Laible. E 
F 582— Laing, E B 53, 551, 554— Mrs J R 5^8 
— M G 528— Laird. A N 224— G S 314. 542 — 
J C 378— J S 310— W M 555— Lakin, F J 
169, 446 — La Londe, H J 62 — Lamb, D H 54 
— J 431 — N 265 — Lambert, M 444 — R E 162 — 
Lambeth, W A 109 — Lamke, O A 265 — Lamley, 
G H 542— H A 554— Lamm, D S 270— H 270 — W 
E 591 — Lamson, A W 473f 496 — Lancashire, F H 
220 — Lance. R B 169 — Landis, P T 169, 489 — 
Landman, O 218 — Landon, H B 374 — Lane, E B 
114 — E I 52 — G M 52s, 552, 507 — R M 199, 
221. 377— R P iM— Mrs R P 114— V H 261, 
282, 291, 292, 309, 310, 486, 552, 556, 558, 559 — 
W D 269— Lang, H R 380— L D 580— Langdon. 
C S 222 — D ly 222 — L E 593— M G 222 — X^ange, 
A F 109 — Langley, A W 129, 294, 399, 542 — 
La Plonte, \V 328 — de Lapradelle, A 454 — Lard- 
ner, R 264 — Larkin, J 378 — Larned, F J 166 — 
R Y 383— Larsen, J 590— LaRue, C D 555— G R 
487 — Larzelere, C S 383 — La Salle, J J 219 
— Lash, F C 494 — Lasher, G S 167— Lathers, 
A E 541— A L 58— Mrs A L 553- E G 58— 
Lathrop. G 208 — Lattner, R 316 — Lau. O H 533 
— Laubengayer, W C 169, 555 — W M 550— 
Laubscher, G A 497 — Lauer, A M 106 — E E 
327 — E H 190 — Laughlin, E D 317— Launt. H 
593 — Lautman, H M 263 — Lauver, J F 16S — 
Lavan, T L 378, 388 — Lawless, J T 210 — Law. 
rence. H 436. 554, 562— H B 593— J 165— 
J H 161— J M 27s— N B 62— S S 52, S3, i6o, 
168 — Lawton, J F 59, 62 — Lay, W E 461 — La- 
xear, E E 6t— E T 61— G F 61— Leahy, T H 
205 — Leake, Mrs L C 54 — Learmouth, W J 387, 
581 — Leasure, J P 159, 489— Leavitt. C 542 — 
C M 540— M B 160— Le Blond, C M 210 — 
Leckie, F 501— Lee, J R 135 — R W 454 — Lee- 
brick, K T28 — Leekley, H A 159 — Leeson, C C 
102— LeFevre, II H 504— O E 526— W I 500 
— Legg, G 246 — Lehmann-Lehman, C A 114, 224, 
551— W J 208— Leib. B F 106, in— Leick, Mrs 
H M 542— Lcidy, P A 222— Leigh. C W 215 
— Leitsch, R G 445 — Leland, F B 45, 99, 155, 
202, 203, 262, 310, 313, 484, 485, 576 — H M 
123— R G 274— LeMaster, O O 115— V W 115 
— Lemble, Mrs F 554 — Lemon, J F 533, — Lem- 
per, F J 277 — Lenderink, A 554, 556 — Lenhart, 
F A 100 — Lentz-Lenz, T 166 — W E 113, 445, 554 — 
Lenzner, D S 167 — Leonard, B B 548 — C 375 — G 
E no— H B 51 — J S 454, 462, 572 — LeRoy, 
J A 211, 212, 213 — Leser, E 493 — Leslie, Mrs 
F A 552— F M 435— Letts, W F 378— Leucht- 
weis, O R 550 — Leupp, C D 492 — Leuschner, 
A O 498— LeValley. D W 552— Mrs D W 531 
— L VV 531— Le Van, W C 102— Levenson, J W 
277 — Leverett, O F 550 — Levi, M 552 — Mrs M 
553 — Levin, J 338 — Levinson, J I 54— Levison, 
L A 220 — Lewis, C 431 — C H 108 — C L 459 
— D C 323— E 62— E J 548— G E 554— Mrs 
G E 548— G H 501— J F 52— J H Jr 325— 
T L 51— M 570— Mrs R h 548— W B 315— 
W F 102, 499 — Leyman. E H 436 — Lich, A J 
60— Lichtncr, H W 115— Lichty. D M 552 — 
Liddell, S M 546 — Lightner, C A 155— Lick, 
C C 499— Lillie, H I 168, 327— Mrs H I 327 
—J C 327— Lilly, J K 62, 107, 555— Lind, S C 
449, 486 — Lindberg, A E 433 — Linder, S B 
457, 486 — Lindquist. M H 167 — T 167 — Mrs T 
167— Lindsay, A 158— G A 385, 545— Line, C M 
541 — J A 108 — W R 102 — Linker, A 276 — Lin- 
ton, E S 554 — L A 436 — Lippincott. J I 594 — Lisle, 
L W 180— Litchfield, 11 162— H B 107— I W 430— 
Litchmann, I 155 — Little, F A 445 — Littlefield, W 
210 — Liu, D K 461 — Livingston, G M 553 — Mrs G 
M 542— J W 276— Lloyd, A C 287— A H 84, 
189, 235, 244, 282, 35Q, 366, 495, 557 — H R 
577— J J 317— J U 454— M O 108— Lobingier, AS 
376 — Locke. T L 446 — Lockhart, P E 287 — W 489 
— Locklin F C 158— Lockton, G M 554, 593— 
Lockwood, G A 106 — H A 135 — Lodge, E B 499 

— Loeffler, E T 552, 554 — Logan. J P 314, 323 — 
Lohman, M R 554 — Lohr, M A 553 — Lokker. C A 
124, 342 — Loman, H K 62 — Lomax. J A 128— Lonv 
bard, W P 88— Long, C P 385, 545— L F 222— 
M E 112 — O R 54 — Longanecker, F M 166 — 
Longley, C B 6t, 114 — Longsworth, M J 489 — 
Longyear, J M 584 — Loomis, E m — P W 529^ 
Loos, C L 100, 123, 155 — Lorch, E 202, 460 — 
Loree, Mrs F N 554 — 1 D 542 — Lorenzo^ C A 
329, 594 — Lorie, A J 503 — Lorimer, H I 106 — 
Lothrop, T 504 — Lott, A E 3M — M R 592 — 
Loucks, J C 553— Loud, E H 165— Loudy, F E 
339, 456— Loughrey, J E 210 — Lounsberry, F B 
60 — Lounsbury, L T 552 — Love, C E 394 — E J 
564 — Lovejoy, E 545, 546 — G N 323, 436 — P C 
135. 339 — Mrs P S 554 — Loveland, C G 445 — 
Lovell, A H 554— Mrs A H 554— H H 345— 
Lovett, W F 135— Lowe- Low, E R 312— F S 
314 — H R 317 — V 494 — Lowell, D E 157. 167 — 
Lowenthal, L B 541 — Lowry, M F 317— Lub- 
chansky, M 328 — Lucht. F VV 555—1 C 376, 55© 
— Ludington, A G 61, 114 — M M 547, 580 — R S 
275 — Ludlum^ ly C 550 — Ludwig, t, E 489 — 
Luebber. E C 555 — Luebbers, G L 115 — Luelle- 
mann, it 62, 555 — Lull, C 157 — Lundgrcn, C 259 
—-Lungerhausen, J T 551 — Limn, C A 276 — 
E 345, 442 — Lunt, H F 158 — Lupinski, H 532 — 
Lusby, t V 541 — Lusk, C S 492 — Lussky. A E 
203 — Lutes, E C 591 — Lydecker, M A 490, 
491, 554 — Lyman, E W 209 — F H T03 — Mrs 
F H 103— Lynch, D J 275— J D 548, 555— M I 
387, 550 — Lyndon, A S 553 — Lynns. J A 208 — 
Lyons-Lyon, A B 62 — A E 444 — B E 167 — D 
F 553— E L 543— G H 581--G R 316— h 590— 
Lyster, II F 301. 

McAfee, E D 165, 441 — J R 165 — McAlarney, 
R E 377— McAUister, H A 550— H B 550— R 
C 461 — McAlvay, A V 582, 589— McAndrew, 
W 147, 313. 314, 377, 433. 434, 488— McArthur, 
P G 593— MacBride, K S 395— McCabe, G B 
461, 569 — McCammon, J R 552— McCandless, J 
H 553— J W 221— W L 221— McCann. J J 545 
— R 312 — McCarty, A L 221, 444 — McCarthy, 
Mrs J A 444 — McCash, B 70, 338 — Macauley, 
E R 564— MacChesney, N W 375— Mrs N \V 
205— Maclean, D 235— Mrs D 235— McClear, T 
P 223— McClellan, C 552— McClelland, C C 554 
—Mrs C C 542— L C 70— McClenahan, H E 55© 
— McClintock, C T 164, 499— J H 317 — McCloud, 
T L 6r, 492 — McClure, H C 576 — McConahy, 
M 536— McConkey, G M 46, 82, 83, 555— Mc- 
Connel, L C 265 — McCorkle, J A 323 — McCor- 
mack, T 289, 452~McCormick, F T 545— R M 
550— W J 43&— W S SS3— McCotter. R E 78. 
81, 189, 554 — McCoy, I D 224— Mrs W R 536 — 
McCracken. O E 581— McCrea. H 54— McCreary, 
H T 384— Mrs L F 554— McCrickett, T E 588— 
Mc'Culloch, H M 314, 327— McDermott, J J 314. 
329, 433. 555 — McDonald. A 222 — A R 222 — 
E A 312— G E 62— H 555— H R 395— Mrs S 
210 — T H 125, 287— McDonnell. H li 51 — Mc- 
Donough, C S 312 — McDowell, C B 209, 224. 
278— J E 128— J F 324— P A 581— McElderry, 
H 156, 157— McEllegett, D W 160— McEniry, 
M J 431— W 431— McEwan, A F 588— McFadden. 
I 223, 327, 387, 554 — McFarland, A F 492, 504 
— McFarlane, H 581 — McFetrich, J 317 — Mc- 
Garry, R A 555— McGay, N P 501 — McGee, 
A B 490— C 553— C K 529— Mrs C K 490— H 
107 — II G 555 — McOeorge, R R 312, 431 — Mc- 
Gorray, C H 531 — McGranahan, T 102, 206, 375 
— McGrary, R A 164 — McGrath, F T 209. 224 — 
F P loi— McGraw, II B 498— H R 210— S D 
M7» 314. 377, 433, 578 — T 301 — MacGregor, Mrs 
J M 553 — W 542 — McGrepory, M A 265 — Mc- 
Griffin, N 593 — McGugin, D 156, 157 — McHarg, 
O 314— McHenry, E L 60, 276 — McHugh, M B 
314, 554— Mclllvain, G E 197— Mclntyre, D R 
545. 553 — N J 395 — Mclver. A V 492 — Mack. 
C W 160, 592— E F 163— F T 342, 462, 572— 
MacKavanagh, T J 78, 81 — Mackay, C H 445 — 
G W 168— MacKaye, P 215— McKean. T L 501 
— McKee, O O 532 — W M 540 — MacVenson. 
P J S3f 61 — McKenzie,. A C 499 — D 529 
— L 103, 205 — R P 159, 169, 314. 489 
—W D 487— W L 169— Mackey,. J W 550— 

Digitized by 




McKinney, F F 7, 454, 462, 571 — McKinnon, 
D T 374, 388— P D 32S—S J 328— McKisson, 
R W 445— McKnight, C H 547, 548, 588— E E 

y6 — liackoy, M D 553 — McLain, B A 531 — 
cLaren, A R 115, 555 — Mrs J L 552 — Mc- 
Lauchlan, J 134 — McLauehlin, A C 69, 189, 217, 
488— Mrs A C 488-jD B 65^J A 554— R C 555 

538— J 

38s— » „ 

Lure, R 580 — McMahon, G P Jr 70, 341, 572 — 

McMiUan-McMillen. A H 540, 553— G Z 277— 

18— Mrs A C 488— D B 60— J A 554— R C 555 
W A 466— McLean, D 300, 301— H A 
8— T F 541— M H 265— McLclUn, G H 
5 — ^McLouth. B L 550 — G E 277, 555 — Mac- 

J M 435, 550. L 534— R C 265— McMurdy, R 
*4cNa" "" ' 

V r 

W 265- 
W C 546— Mrs W C 545— McNerney, M J 433— 

«air, R A 550— S M 555— W W 160— 
W D 38s, 545. 591 — McNamara, E J 
458— Mrs W 265— McNeal-McNeil, J A 224— 

McNitt, V V SOI — Macomber^ A E 217, 552 — 
McPherran, E W 533, 534 — McPherson, C 274 — 
D 315— M 569— W 554— McOueen, E P 235— 
Macrae, D 205 — McRae, E M 395 — MacRobert, 
F H 314— McUmber, H H 224— McVicker, H B 

592— McVoy, M 107— McWhorter. E G 388— 

Mab' " '" " * * " "' * 


312, 433 — Magofifin, R V X) 215 — Maguire, E 

labie, H W 337 — Madsen, A H 554 — Madson, 
M 101— Magee, Jrt 32^ — L J 53i — Magers, S D 
D 215 — M 

454. 57' — Mahcw, D P 158 — Mahon, H E 555 — 
R L 53— W L 393— Mahurin, G M 444— M W 
444 — Maier, G II 550 — Main. J F 52 — V W 170 
— Mains, E B 550 — Makielski, L A 263, 454 — 
Malcolm, G A 377 — Malcolmson, A Y 62 — M J 

y4 — Malejan, H M 554, 555 — Malone, B E 273 — 
aloney, D B 555 — Manchester, R E 275 — 
Mandelbaum, A 493 — Mandell, H N 533 — Manley, 
O 552 — Mann, E 580 — E A 1x5 — K M 503, 554 
— V A 107 — Manning, R G 293, 399, 534, 588 — 
Manny, FA 164, 380— Manson, P 266 — Manss, 
H M 27s — Mapes, G E 107 — Maple, T B 494 — 
Marble, M M 547, 592 — Marburger, W G 287, 
461 — Marckwardt, O C ^76 — Marine, A 433, 591 
— Marithew, H D 552— Markel, R D 223— Marker, 
F S 503. 554— J J 536— Markley, A C 115— J L 
244 — Mrs J L 552 — ^Marks, J H 71, 554 — Marlatt, 
A 246 — Maroney, E M 550 — Marowitz, A 277 — 
Marsh, B B 342— F O 254— H D 208, 221— H R 
461— M B |02— P L 554— W C 533— Marshall, 
E J 155— M 385, 545, 554—0 492— T J 431— 
W 589— Marstellar, W F 47, 378— Marston, C I 
500 — Martin, E J 115 — E V 387 — Mrs F S 105 
— M C 53, 487, 547- P W 543— Mrs P W 541- 
Martindale, C 387 — F C 107, 554 — Martinelli, G 
452 — Marvin, F R 500 — Marx, E 265 — S W 338 — 
Mason, S T 289— Masselink, B H 161 — Mast, S O 
191, 590 — Masterson, h H 197 — Matchett, E P 542 
— L V 543 — Matheis, A 60, 62, 387 — Matheson, A 
R 314, 323— Mathews-Matthews, B 109— C S 
543— D C 128— D M 58— E A 273, 492— G E 
170— S A 579— T R 502— W E 235— W F 582 
— W O 500 — Mathewson, T K 219 — Matlock, A L 
218 — Matthai, F C 115 — Mattison, J A 500 — 
Mauck, J W 394— Maucker. J W 431— Maul. W 
C 113 — Maurer, W F 61 — Mawson, D 286, 372 — 
Maxev, R B 160 — Maxwell, L 206, 291, 313, 406, 
552— W K 314, 325. 382, 437— May, D 318, D C 
167, 445, 593— E S C 314. 433. 434, 578 — G A 
286— M K 318— T 312— W J 209— Mayer, H P 
317, H S 553 — Mayhood, L, F 316 — Maynard. 

0»/. *■■ w» 33J w»ajr««vrvru, iy x jiu n&ajritaiu, 

A F 433— E W 220— Mrs E W 553, 59i— H H 
220— H S 277— J 546— Mayo. C J 382— W J 
235. 281, 298, 382— Mays, Mrs T G 108 — Mead. 

C E 317— F E 489— M D 436— Meader. C L 
101, 181, 190, 586 — Meals, W D 499 — Mechem, 
L W 550 — Meek, S J 532 — Meier. A 167, 433, 554 
— Meigs, L O 491 — Melhom, D F 115, 159, 170, 
489 — Melius, L L 386 — Mellencamp, F J 590 — 
Mellon. R R 82, 321. 554. 576— Meloan, W W 
436— Meloche, C C 486— Meloy, B H 580— Mel- 
ton, W R 445, 550 — Menoher, W E 499 — 
Mensch, R E 62, 555— Mercer, E C 135— E J 
61 — Mercur, E N 580 — Merriam. B 62. 555 — 
MerrUl, C E 314— C M 54- K 276— I. K 493— 
Mersereau, Mrs J D 104, 160. 207. 315 — Messick. 
H D 312. 471, 499 — Messimer. O W 52, iti — 
Metcalf. H H 552— W 46, S3. 59— Metheny, S A 
S 435— Metzger. C S 492 — Meyer. E C 555— 
II L 221— T 378— Meyers, H C 224— W J 315— 

Minor, V L 385- 
A 504— F W 327- 

Mez, J 288— Mezger, L K 536— Michael, E 268 
— Michaelis, L P 220 — Michelson, F E 494 — 
Mickle. F A 10 1 — Middaugh, F K 287, 461 — 
Middlebush, FA 102, 208, 550 — Middleditch, P 
H 236, 245— -Migdalski, J F 170— Miggett, W L 
442, 540 — Mighell, I 205, 375 — Milemore, G H 
546, 547. 554— Miles— A J 580— B J 62, 329, 594— 
MiUar, W J 278— MilUrd, F G 114, 245, 462, 
577— F J 555— G G 158, 295, 372, 377, 432, 553. 
556 — Miller, A C 314. 326 — A E 312, 433 — A J 
103— A M 534— Mrs A R 265— A W 433— C t 
81 — C S 3x5 — D C loi, 102, 107, 275 — D H 
536 — D W 170 — E J 106, 430, 555 — G 170, 206, 
311 — H J 552 — H R 107, 232 — L 378 — L R 105 
— M C 552— M L 550— N C 328— N J 493— 

ly 534— Mrs O L 534— R E 536— Mrs R H 
540— S R 38s— T T 555— W 215, 320— W A 167 
— W A C 103— W F 54— MUligan, M M 32— 
Millotte, J A 546— Mills, A B 436— A P 553— 
Mrs. A P 554— C C 170— D 555- D W 500— 
H D 580— M G 433— R J 245— W M 61— W R 
288, 458— W W 61, 114, 594— Millspaugh, J F 
384— Miner, Mrs C A 590 — G D 315— K R 272, 
313 3M — L_ S 431 — ^T.R 445 — Minnard, E P 62 — 

-Minshall, W E 500 — Misch, A 
-Mitamura, V 158— Mitchell. 
A E 60— B D 60, 433— C M 529— E D 60— 
L C 317— W C 590— W K 375— Mrs W K 102, 
205 — W L 114 — Moeller, J H 503, 593 — Moffat, 
G R 277 — Moffett, P R 503 — Moffit, J T 164, 498 
— Mogford, G E 432, 433 — Mohr, K J 70, 399 — 
Moiles, S M 60— Monfort, F P 552— W 166— 
Monk, G B F 266 — Monnig. E R 387 — Monroe, 
D R 235— E D 317— J R 3i4~R E 554— 
Montgomery, T C 555— J H 589 — Mrs J H 589 
— L K 3»7— W G 48— W J 156, 206, 311— Moody, 
F B 443— J W 317— P B 540, 553— Moone. M L 
278, 446 — Mooney. Mrs C H 433 — Moore, C 
C 314— Mrs C E 102— C L 155— C R 166, 588 — 
Mrs C R 205— E V 53, 289. 509, 554. 577— 
Mrs E V 554— E W 554— F W 175— G E 445. 
555— G S 550— H ly 387— J 112— J E 53— L 540 — 
h S 112— Mrs L S 112— M B 162— S P 554— 
W L 158— Moran, D M 555- R E 70— S A 552 
— Mrs S A 552 — Morden, W S 529 — Morehouse, 
L F 383 — Morey, C R 191. 319, 320 — Morgan, 
C 161— C S 62, 388— D E 273, 492— G S 222— 
Moriarity, W D 394 — Moritz, G M 181 — Morley, 
W H 541, 553 — Morningstar, B F 504 — Morris, 
C P 159, 489— F A 547— J 53, 44 1— Morrison. 
A II 433— B 590— E 107— J 53— J W 169— R C 
58 — W W 218— Morrissey, E M 433 — Morrow, 
Mrs O J 382 — Morse, E 436, J L 166 — Morton, 
F J 497— M 328— M P 554— R H 553— Moseley, 
E h 497 — Moseman, E N 456, 504 — Moses, R A 
436 — Mosher, Py 264 — E M 434 — Mosier. D H 
551— Mote, C M 581— Mott, L B 461— Moul. H 
A 179, 260 — Mount. ly D 502 — Mountsier. R 275, 
386 — Mourn. J E 329 — Mower, H C 165 — Mowrer, 
E 448— P S 32. 112. 448— VV A 112— Moyer, D J 
209— Mudge, C T 51— E J 312, 433— H U 208— 
Mueller. A C 114— C H 62— H I^ 388— M E 325 
— Mulford, W 385— Mrs W 385— Mulholland, F 

L 196, 219 — Mullen, E W 160 Mullender. M h 

438 — Mullendore. W C 114, 373, 462 — Muller, H 
W 550 — J 475 — Mummery, M V 554 — Munn, G G 
277 — Munns, J B 203 — Murbach, C F 592 — M A 
592 — Murfin, J O 78, 103, 132, 134, 312, 553, 
577— Murphy. A C 135— C L 218— F B 59— J 
J 489— L 289, 453— W M 155— Murray. E B 
265— J C 160— P 107— Musser. H 48, 278— J C 
278, 329. 446. 492 — Mutschel. Mrs C E 553 — 
Myers, B A 489— D W 244, 588 — G 287— J S 
128— N 246—0 J 489— P J 276— Mrs W J 161— 
Myll, N A 550— Myron, H E 555, 588. 

Nadeau, A N 502 — Najflcr, F A 461 — Nance, 
W D 70— Nash, J 383— W J 546— W W 552— 
Naylon, G E 222, 546— Mrs G E 222— J T 32, 
578 — Naylor, G I 60, loi, 554, 555 — Neeland, 
J 554— Neff. E H 314, 534- Mrs E II 553— Neger, 

1 433— Negley, Mrs R H 554— Nehls. C B 167— 
Neill, II 583— Neilsen. R H 114— Nelson. A h 
577—1 J 169— J P 159— J R 505, 553, h H 224 
— Nester. J M 385— Nettleton, F E 53— Neudi- 
gate, J C 492 — Neumann, W A 275 — Neville, E L 
588 — Nevin, F 315 — Nevroth, W 107 — Newberry, 

Digitized by 




J S 257— T H 373 — Newcomb-Newcombe, C A 
Jr 553—1** C 31, 203, 234, 534 — Newell, E G 167 
— F E 550 — Newhall, A S 51 — Newman-Newmann, 
A B 593— C W 287— H H 191— H W 274— New- 
ton, A B 167— R W 317— Nichols, D A 71— 
H N T 265, 275— I C 462— L M 27s— R M 
340 — VV H 479, 490, 491 — Mrs W H 479, 490, 
491 — Nicholson, E 553 — K M 328 — Nickels, H C 
552 — Nicolson, M H 62, 169 — Niman, C A 500 — 
Nisply, C Iv 316— Nivcn. J M 384— Nixon, W C 
308 — Noble, A 47, 211, 324, 490 — Mrs A 490 — 
C VV 473, 474 — F C 324— Nolan, R E M 54, 157 
— Noll, D 113 — Noller, F 431 — Noordewier, A 542 
— Norman, J V 115 — Norris, A 1^ 555 — L* D 253, 
254, 256 — M 274, 531, 552 — R 554 — North, J 217, 
^77 — K U 265 — Norton, A II m, 553, 590 — 
Mrs A H III, 590— C W 317— H K 580— K E 
247 — L H 375— Novy, F G 50, 51, 88, 244, 374, 

488, 552 — Nowakoski, A G 3M. 327 — Noyea, B I 
550 — H 317 — Nuechterlein, M 343 — Nugent, C 
106 — Nussbaum, B E 159 — Nutting, E P 431 — 
H E 180. 

Oakes, A B 503, 546, 547 — Oakman, C 384 — 
Oaks, H K 500— O'liear, F S 106— Ober, J R 
160, 329 — M 289, 452 — Oberfelder, E 315 — 
O'Brien, S G 553— T J 104. 105, 313— O'Cal- 
laghan, M B 433 — Ochs, Mrs E J 494 — O'Dea, 
J M 103, 432, 579 — O'Donnell, M A 328 — Oelkers, 
C E 312— O'Hara, J P 555— O'Harra, R B 338 
338 — Ohiinger, G A 215, 219, 384 — Ohlmacher, 
II H 445— Ohmart, J V 326— O'Hora, J P 446— 
R F 108— Okcrland, G M 434— Oldrin, Mrs C M 
553— Olds, G 107— R E 232— W F 546, 547 — 
O'Leary, G E 458 — J H 194, 196, 221, 377, 405 
—J J 555— T E 52, 112— Olnuted, F E 485— 
R C 490 — Mrs R C 490 — Olney, A 444, 502 — 
N G 555 — Olson, A 431 — R G 503— Onen, J B 
374, 541 — Ong, W C 589 — Oppenheimer, H D 
ai2 — ^ A 541 — Opperman, H A 237 — Orbeck, M 
J 47 — Orcutt, G N 314, 323 — Ormond. J M 218 — 
Orney, S E 170— Orr, H 312— H E 43i— H P 
546 — Ortman, F A 492 — Orton, J F 271, 441 — 
Orvis, F C 209 — Osband, M K 553 — Osborn- 
Osborne, A 532, C S 46, 248— F D 436, 43*— 
E E 384, 501 — M E 221 — Osgood, M 554 — Os* 
trander, H 286 — Otis, C H 547, s8o, 593 — Mrs 
C H 593- C M 318— E J 387— H G 462— E M 

489, Sjo — R B 220 — W A 270 — Ottenheifner, H 

. ; A 555—0 - - - 

E 128 — Owen, Mrs M C 319 — Owens, T E 102 

J A 555— Otwell, E S B 210 — Oviatt, 
en, Mrs M C 319 — Owens, T E 102 — 
Oxtoby, F B 385— J V 220, 383— W E 103, 134, 
312. 553. 556, 557, 570— W H 218, 219. 

Pabst, H W 387, 445, 555- Pack, \V M 314— 
Packard, I 102 — M A O 582 — Packwood, R A 
532, 533 — Mrs R A 532 — Page, F J 541 — M C 
461 — R H 165, 538 — Paige, E R 395 — Paine, Mrs 
E E i6i— R M 490— V B 552— Painter, C W 
455— Paisley. W W 316— Palmer, C G 499— C 
I 214, 215— G 55, 166— Mrs G C 552— G E 
547—1 B 555— J A 53^— J C loi— J P 205— 
M 550, M C 266— W F 498— W S 583— Panaretoff. 
S 394 — Pardon, EC 107, 555 — Parfet, A B 107 — 
Parizek, F J 166, 274— Park, M 492— Parker, D 
L 529, 533 — K F 326, 490— Mrs E F 104, i6o, 
207, 490, 491 — E G 265 — G A 502 — H D 232, 
395— J 318— J M 541, 552— J W 528— E N 123, 
342— M C 316— R P 449, 487— W D 222— Parks, 
A 376 — H F 498 — S 497* 498 — Parmelee-Parmeley, 
B 499 — G E 253— M H 108— Parmenter, W C 
489 — W E 489 — Parmley, Mrs M H 210 — Parnall, 
C G 272— Parrish, E S 580— R P 62— Parry, 
A W 546— C E 294, 385, 399, 501, 543, 545— 
H J 548— Parshall, D I 60— Parsons, C C 314 
— D W 168— H E 316, 328, 445— J E 59. 223— 
M H 51— M M 550—0 D 327— W E 504— W S 
52, 58 — Pasco, H 2(>fi — ^J F 208 — Pastrana, M A 
50, 224--Patchell, Mrs C T 324— M H 324 — 
Paton, M E 378, M S 378— W A 287. 461— 
Patrick, H E 275 — Patron, A R 446 — Pattengill. 
H R 552— Patterson, Mrs E E S4»— G 593— G W 
486, 593 — Mrs G W 534, 593 — Pattison, F loo, 
2ii2 — E N 45, 46 — Patton. E M 531— Paul, E M 
246 — Paulson, C E 160, 205, 579 — Paulus, F 158 
— Pawlowski, F W 102, 283 — Paxson, F E 238, 
340, 396, 508 — Paxton, C S 443 — Payne, D in — 
Mrs F R 552 — I N 266— J H 107, 114, 593— 

J W 430— N S 529— W H 172— Peabody, J P 
547 — Peake, O B 62 — Pearce, A 102 — V L 113 — 
Pearl, R 191— Pearson, A A 490 — Mrs A A 490 
—A C 158 — W A 435— Peattie, Mrs E W 102— 
Peck, A B 461— E S 499— G P 580— E 553— 
Peckham, Mrs A G 433 — Peddicord, W i8o, 342 
— Pedrick, I H 490— Peet, G A 224— Mrs G W 
541 — Pelham, 11 F 102, 113, 157 — II M 529 — 
Pell, J B 442— Penberthy, G C 554— Pendill, C 
G 103— Pendleton, E W 85— Penfield, VV E no 
— VV S no, 216, 540, 541— Pennell, F VV 276, 
314, 433, 580 — Pennington, E H n2, 554 — Penny, 
H A 382— Penxotti, R B 395— Peoples, C E 115 
— Pereira, D de S 59 — Perkins, J E 53 1 — M T 
461— N E 113, 461, 554— R C 37§— W B 117— 
VV T 491— Perrin, O VV 435— Perrine, J O 462— 
Perry, B 461— B E 461— C M 84— D S 554— 
E B 386, 556. 557— E D 553— H H 342— E 278, 
M 62— S II 215— T O 552— Person, M M 554— 
R H 589— S H 553— Persons, Mrs VV F 314— 
Pesquera, A M 50, 491 — Peters, E E 221, 546 — 
F 543 — R C 205— V B 2?^7, 461 — Petersmcyer, 
H F 316, 326— Peterson, Mrs A R 552— D VV 
501— F VV 155, 463— H A 388— J C 161, 387, 
588— R 31, TOO, 182, 264, 431— R Jr 62— T C 
529— Petitt, R R 532— Pettce, E E 588— Petti- 
bone, AH 156, 157 — Pettus, A 445 — Pewtress, 
M E 61— Peyraud, E K 236— Pfaender, V H 223 
— Pfeiffer, AC 554. 555— Phalan, J T 162, 
169, 555 — Phelps, J A 232 — L B 326 — 
M VV 493— Philip. G 58— Phillips, B B 
433— B V 591— C A 266— E J 115, 312— F M 
536— H Jr 262, 431— H H 462--J E 166, 273— 
J E 108— J M 166, 272— U B 191, 239— Philo, 
B H 462 — Picard, F A 114 — Pierce, D P 130, 
399, 534, 536, 566— E B 286— F E 555- G 378 
— H H 545— J F 315-J E 542— Mrs P E 545— 
Pierson, A VV 385 — Pieters, A J 373, 487, 577 — 
Pike, E R 272— Pikulski, J A 555— Pilcher, L F 
323— Pilides, A P 275— Pillsbury, C D 170— VV B 
190, 239 — Pindell, VV M 324 — Pinkham, M A 62 
— Pinney, C H 52, 58— L J 168— N E 234— 
Pimat, F H 57— Pitkin, E C 318, 583— Plain, 
F G 588— Plank, C A 161— Piatt. E 564— F A 
528— Plough, H K 583— Plumb, II E 52— R A 
221 — Plummer, C E 278— Plunkett, E M 444 — 
Pobanz, J F 287— Poe, A C 497— F S 386— 
Polglase, VV A 493— Pollock, J B 553— Mrs J B 
553 — Pond, A B 528, 529 — I K 49, 282, 284, 389, 
404, 409, 458, 529, 552, 570 — Pontius, M 170 — 
Pope, C E 376, 531— H II 493— Porter, C F 552 
— F S 499, 552— H H 314, 324— H R 386— K 
H 169— M E 315— M O 431— Mrs M P 431— 
R C 224— Mrs T 502— Poet, G VV 220— K C 433, 
501— E M 220— R 160— Potter, C E 395- F VV 
493— H B 165— N S Jr 553— P L 445— R B 540 
W T 312, 433— Pottinger. J H 554— M E 316— 
Pound, R 237— Povah, A H W 461, 57^— P S 
342— Powell, D W 266— E E 39— H G 165— 
J E 594— J Z 382 — E M 490— R E 51— Power, 
S J 200, 532 — Powers, G 554 — L 181 — M E 433. 
591— M R 433— Prangen. A D 550— Pratt, E S 
31. 47, loi, 207, 246, 553, 556, 559, 577 — G C 
156, 311, 430— J 377— J S 219 — K H 501 — 
L A 62 — Pray, G R 553— G W 253, 254— E 502 
— Preble, R B 164— Mrs R B 164, 205— Prcntis- 
Prentiss, F E 498— J H 538, 541— Prescott, A T 
128— J S 374—0 W 500— Preston, M W 321 — 
Prettyman, H G 45. 220 — Price, G 158 — R A 
170 — S B 526, 552— W A 499— Prichard, C 376 
— Primeau, G H 275 — J H Jr 275, 312, 433 — 
Mrs J H 275 — Primrose, J E 55o — Prince 
(Printx), A' D 272— Pritchett, H S 242— Prout, 
H G 313. 314, S7»— Mrs J H 552— Pryer, R VV 
100, 109, 209, 223, 576 — Pryor, C S 158, 264, 431 
— Puckett. C H 161 — Pulitrer, J 268 — Punchard, 
C 158— Purdy, H C 318— L 377— M M 124, 461. 
564 — Purmort, A B 163 — Pusey, W 326 — Putnam, 
M E 504 — Pyle, E 272. 

Quail, F A 498— G H 489 — QOarles, E 545— 
Quayle, F F 315 — Querin, M I 162 — Quick, B E 
112— H 564— Quinlan, MEW 588— W C 583— 
Mrs W^ S 375. 376— Quinn, C J 316— C P 316, 
550. 568— M J 316— R 158. 

Raab, F P 319 — I T 219— Rabaut, E P 114— 
Race, G E ^77 — Raikes, Mrs J M 540— Raiss, C 

Digitized by 




F 107 — Rakestraw. C N 502 — Ramage, H B 276 
— Ramsdell, F W 494, 583— Mrs F W 583— O 
583— R 583— T T 583— Mrs T J 583— Rand, W H 
552— Randall. W C 60— Randolph. V C 158— 
Rankin. T E 203, 553 — Mrs T E 541 — Ranney, 
R W 554— Ransom. W H 386, 592— Raphael, T 
169, 550 — Rapin. ly A S 312, 431 — Raschbacher. 
H G 445 — Rasey, M 1, 548 — Rathbone. A D 552 
— ^Rathborn. Mrs R 376 — Rathbun. E H 27< — 
G A 546. 547— Rathke. Mrs W R 550— Ratliff, 
W B 555— Rawden, E 553— Raw'don, H S 315. 
328 — Rawles, P W H 253, 254, 255 — Ray. Mrs 
F C 553 — Rayer, L M 51. 53— Rayl. K J 209 — 
Raymond. W O 102, 462 — Raynolds, T C 316. 
318 — Raynsford. J W 134, 160, 179 — Read-Reade. 
E A 383— J J SSa— R P 337— T 114— Reading, 
H W 274, 502 — Reasoner, J M 542 — Reddin, D 
W 552 — Redlich. J 348, 349, 351. 451 — Redmond, 
V B 583— Reed. A J 500— A M 338, 550— A W 

^9— C E 555 — F F 182, 487, 529— F R 170 — 
H 218— J O I, 7, 31, 79— J T 502— M E 
107 — M S 342, 462 — N W 224, 551 — Reeder, 
R P 324— Reek, H G 553- Rees. M M 387, 396 
— Reese, E A 445, H M 53 — Reesman. W I, 
159— Reeves. B H 115— D C §53— J S 69, 262, 
485, 487 — Regester, S H 109 — ^Reichert, R 107 — 
Reid, A G 59"-3J M 342 — R M 160 — Reighard. 
J E 203. 531— Mrs J E 533— J J SSo— P 264, 
312, 487— Reilly. C O 318— Mrs h 102, 205— 
Reimann, h C 174, 339 — Rcimold. h M 312 — 
Rein. T E 444 — Reinhart, D K 550 — Remsen. 
D S 314 — Rennie, F M 554 — M I^ 555 — Ren- 
ville, M I^ 357 — Renwick, I^ t, 289, 453 — Restrick, 
W C 492— Rejmolds. B h 276— C A 492 — C H 588 
—C W 432. 433— G 342— G L 492— H S 377— 
Mrs M 473— Rhea. A I^ §32— Rheinfrank. G B 
219 — ^Rhodes, E C 436 — Rhonehouse, W ly 194, 
199, 222 — Ribble, B 113 — Rice. C E 444 — E E 
62— E J 434— G 206— J M 266— M E 555— Rich, 
D ly 554. 577— E D 115, 247— H M 542, 553— 
L F 107— Richards, F M 113— J 55^, 566— J E 
163, 164, 223 — Richardson. B F 436— H V 103 
— Mrs J P 540, 541 — R D 553 — Richmond. A 
583 — Ricketts. A T 70, 461 — Ridenour, J A 266 
— Rideout. D O 552 — Ridley, C E 278— Riegel- 
man. C A 314, 325, 442, 538, 540, 556, 559, 578 
— Rieger, W H 502 — Rieser, I^ M 170, 311, 430, 
555— Riggs, E E 115. 555- H E 247, 287, 470, 
554— R»gn«y» M E 592 — Rigtcrink, J W 542 — 
Riley, J T 581— T J 316— Rindge, R H 135— 
Ringer, J 164, 534 — ^Rings, E P 169 — Ripley, 
A M 113, 554— E P 208— H C 526— H S 443— 
Rippey, W H 219— Ritter, C I, 103— Mrs W M 
271 — Rix, I M 274 — Rizer, H F 270 — I 315 — 
R 207, 315 — Roadruck, R K 169 — Robb, I 319 
— T D 159, 317, 318, 319— T D Jr 319 — Robbias, 
F E 31— H E 385, 545— J C 245— Roberson. 
W B 273— Robert?, B S4— C W 312, 431— F L 
54— P 13s— R 265— S H 385— T B 264— Robert- 
son. C A SOI, 546 — C h 543 — G O 541 — M 570 
— 1< P 490 — Robeson, O 57 — Robie, T M 170, 
555» 594 — Robins, H M 540, 541 — Mrs H M 542 
— Rotinson, A i6i— A A 208 — C A 553 — E V D 
498— G C 555— ir H 277— h F S50— L T 168— 
S F 461— T E 552— W I 102— W J 16s— Roblee, 
ly H 314, 433, 593 — Robson, E L 169, 555 — 
Rockwell. A H 533 — Rockvirood, C P 500 — ^Rodi, 
C H 533 — Rodkey, R G 47, 62, 114, 340— Roe, 
C G 246, 461 — Roehm, D M 461, 570 — E G 461, 
564— G E 552— Roelofs, E 433, 554— H D 461— 
Rogers, C B 443— C H 59— E A 542— E C 102, 
205—K H 546, 547— F F 125, 287— J C 433— 
J R 514— Roggy, A R 62, 594— Rohde, O C 222 
— Rolfe, J C 239 — Romig. ly V 168 — Ronan. E 
C 272— Rood, E A 38s — J R 552 — Rooney, J A 
314 — Roos, G W 395 — Roose, W H 218 — Roose- 
velt. T 577— Root, C C 386— E 497— M E 62— 
R R 235— Roper, J H 315, 594— RoricV, H C 218 
— Rose, J ly 552 — M E 5«;o — R 375, 488 — Rosen, 
D N 48, 430, 492, 540 — Rosenbaum, L F 169 — 
Rosenberg, A 593 — Roeenbliim, N A 329 — Rosen- 
crans, E J 314, 324 — Rosenheim, H W 287 — 
Rosenquist, H E 53 — Rosen«tein, S J 338 — Ros- 
enthal. B F 550— F S 555— H E 554— M 3M, 324 
— Rosenthaler, M P 550— Rosewame, N L 395 — 
Rosing. M S 265, 591 — Ross, C H 234 — E A 180, 

341— G J 161, 377— P W 164— Rosaman. R H 
546— Roth, A 115, 124— E C 461 — F 46, 109, 
179, 346, 487, 534— G B III, 189, 321— S R 
279, 555— RothchUd, H A 555— Rothschild, Z S 
287— Rottschaefer, H 70, 338— Rotzel, H ly 548— 
Rouse, A D 160— Rovelstad, A M 553 — Rowan. 
J H 310— Rowand, E M 52— Rowe. A H 583— 
?r 1^3— F 552— F A 179, 231, 260, 261. 455— 
H P 385— M J 444— S D 444— Rowell. C H 218 
— Rowen. D 376 — Rowland. R S 542, 553— W D 
314. 446— Rowlee. W W 128— Rowley. R B 328— 
Roy. R H 165— Royal. C D 271— ly E 271— 
Royce, F E 385, 545— L E 395— Royon, C H 504 
—Roys. C D 493— H M 528— Rubin, I R 592 — 
^S 592— Ruby F M 545, 553— Ruch, F H 533 
— Ruckman, W S 315— Rudd. A L 209— Rudolph, 
L C 107— Ruetinik, B P 221, 502— Rufus. W C 
461, 577— Ruger, M S 462, 555— Ruhlman, M G 
221 — Rummell, H C 114 — Rummler. W R 516 — 
Mrs W R 536— Rumney, M P 106— Ruoff. H F 
315— Ruppe. M A 53 — Russcl-Russell, B A 329 — 
C M 546— E 160— F T 32— G V 221— H 325— 
H E 550— J R 532— R ly 550, 555— W S 291. 
528, 556— Ruthrauff, M J 550, 593— Ruthven. 
A G 71. 486, 487— Ruttle. C H 554— Ryan. E C 

272— G F 5So-^H C 375- J 2x8^M M '554— 
H 223— W T 444— Mrs W T 444— Rykenboer. 


EAR 461— Ryman. D E 53, 257— Mrs D E 554. 
Sabin. H 328— ly C 534— ly H 374— Sackett. 
R C 554— Sada. R G 197— Sadler. H C 283, 359, 
487. 516, 566 — Safford, A M 540. 541 — Sagendorph. 
p P 552— W K 553— Sager, A 253, 478— Saier, 
E H 412, 459, 550— St John, C E 490— F H 
499— J S 314, 324. 499— Mrs j S 499— Mrs R C 
554— R G 552— Salisbury, R D 341— Salliotte. G 
53— Salmon, ly M 207— Sample, G W 442, 553— 
Sampson-Samson, J C 108 — R C 442 — Sanders, 
C C 223— C M 221, 273. 373, 553— H A 181. 
191, 215, 239, 319, 485, 534— Mrs H A 554— 
J D 552— L F 221, 273— Sanford, B J 61, 224— 
Sanger, E B 288— S 219— W 194— Sanri, C W 
555, 581, 594— Sargeant, E M 395, 458— Sarraga. 
R V 491— Satterlee. F P 493— M 62— Savage, 
F N 219 — Savidge. W 155, 552 — Sawyer, K I 287 
— W H 45, 99, 100, T55, 202, 262, 286, 310, 313, 
372, 485, 486, 576 — Saxton, J B 222— Sayers, F 
E 114— Sayre. ly E 579— Sayrcs. H S 385— Sayrs, 
H C 553— Scanlon, ly S 572— Scates, A C 162 — 
Schabcrg, M J 553— Mrs M J 554— Schad, F M 
' rle, E A 553— J " " ' 

554 — SchaeberU 

A 553 — ^J M 552 — Schaefer, 

A F 60, 169— W T 388— SchaibleV C K 554— 
Schairer, M ly 593— W W 593— Schalk. M D 503 
— Scheibel, G A 70 — Scheid, L H 62— Schell, 
A W 206— Schenck, P L 543— Scherer, N W 488 
— Schermerhorn, J 135, 154 — Schicren, C A 437 
—Schiller. G B 165— Schilling, E M 555— 
Schlaack, E V 555 — Schlichte, A A 113, 275 — 
Schlichting, A F 554— Schlink, A G 503— H A 
504, 550. 554 — Schlotterbeck, J O 8, 57, 101, 244, 
373— Schnrid, A 106— Schmidt, C D 312— F H 
492— H VV 552— R A 312, 316— T P 500— 
Schneider, A E 224 — Schnitzpahn, P T 312 — 
Schoeffel, C G 26s, 550— Schoepple, C S 555— 
Schoflf, H F 254— S S 254— Schofield, S R 224— 
Scholl, J W 542— Schomburg, W H 555— 
Schooley. S J 328 — Schoonmaker. P 323 — Schott- 
Btaedt, R W 221 — Schradzki. H R 459, 568— 
Schreiber, E W 113, 16R— Schroc^, O J 489 — 
Schroeder, A J 555— W W 114— Schubach, H 162 
— Schuessler, A D loi — Schuette. R W 314 — 
Schulte, D T 50:— D L 502— H C 502— Schultz, 
A P 553— C F 5Q2— Schulz, A G 123, 259— Mrs 
A P 545 — Schumann, C L 102 — C W 162 — Schu- 
mann-Hcini', E 458— Sch'.irtz. A W 553 — Schurz. 
S B 502 — Schuyler, N 548 — Schweitzberger, E M 
170, 555 — Schweitzer, L 433 — Scir'more, A W 536 
—Scott, A II 4;«5— A J 533— B W 386— E H 552 
— F D 579 — F N i, 31, 71, 123, 191, 230, 359, 373, 
552, 586 — Mrs F N I, 130, 552 — 11 P 53, 169, 
550— I D 554— Mrs I D 55 4— J F 321— ly E 
53, 579— M A 276— M C 261, 265, 55o— Mrs O E 
264. 265— R C 158— R E 318— W G 592— Scovell, 
J T 494 — Scrams, G G 555 — ScuUey, F J 327 — 
Scullin, J 268 — Scully, L C 550, 555 — Seaborg, 
H P 388— Seiger, H R 534— Sealby, I 61, 160, 
578 — Sears, W B 524 — Seaver, B F 462 — ^J J 

Digitized by 




555 — Sedgewick, H M 538, 541 — See, R M 503 
— SeegmiUcr, W A 553— Mrs W A 541— Seely, H 
F 461, 581— M C 221— Seeley, H H 44a, 538, 
540— W F 461— Scclye, O C 5^8, 529— Mrs O C 
528 — Seemann, W M 594 — Seevers, G W 270 — 
Segur. D K 113— F D 220— Seibcrt, H A 378 — 
Seidel, U D 311, 430— Mrs U D 311— SeiU, E C 
555 — Selby, R W 550 — Seltzer, A J 314, 433 — 
Senear, F E 326, 372, 461, 554, 555— Seney, G E 
220 — Senier, A 589 — Senseman, ll t, 276, 554 — 
Senter, H M 104, 553 — Sering, Mrs M J 443 — 
Serio, P P 115, 555 — Mrs P P 115, 554 — Serra, 
B J so — SerreU, J H 552 — Sessions, E M 552 — ^J 
164— J O A 552 — Severa, h 588— Sevey, H S 532 
— Sevison, E E 554 — Seward, H H 224 — Seybold, 
G A 588— Seymour, G H 552 — I, 435 — Shackel- 
ton, S P 462— Shafer, H P 222 — Shaffmaster, H C 
170 — Shaffner, C E 115— Shafroth, W H 160 — 
Shallberg, G A 431 — Shannon. E H 500 — Shaperio, 
S 555 — Shappina, S 462 — Sharfman, I t, 124 — 
Sharp-Sharpe, J 62— W G 16 — Shartel, B W 551 
— Shaw, A B 276— C F 276— E E 462— E R 586— 
E W 3^6, 554— F E 224— L 590— M 115— W B 
128, 129, 130, 197, 373, 553, 557, 558, 559, 560, 
562, 56^, 588— W H 436— Shearer, J 375— Shee- 
han, J V 552 — Sheetz, I, A 386, 444 — Sheldon, L 
592— W F 128— Shelly, F M 170— M R 113— 
Shenk, F D 156, 206, 311— Shepard, Mrs F D 
532— J F 47— Mrs J F 553— L M 543— W J 461— 
Shepheard, W 155— Shepherd, E H 236, 245— F 
B 324 — H I 219, 377 — Sheppard, H S 481, 555 — 
N K 60— Sheridan, F R 60 — Sherman, B L 312, 
433 — H G 496 — H T 343— R 487 — Shcrrard, E C 
462— Sherrick, T W 461, 554— Sherrill, E S 398, 
528, 529 — M D 528 — Sherwin, F h 159 — Sher- 
wood, D I^ 489 — N P 579 — Sherzer, A F 60 — J 

550— E C 553, 566, 567— 
Shin "' ' ' 

124— Shields, E B . 

Shilling, F F 542 — SKiner, D A 275— ^hinkman, 
O E 43«, 433— Shipp, W S 374— Shivel, R M 554 
— Shoemaker, G G 170, 555 — Shonerd, L C 54 — 
Shook, F M 314 — Shorev, P 524 — Shugrue, M J 
47, 60, 430 — Shull, A F 79, 191, 554 — Shulters, 
J R 203, 223 — ShiUts, M H 26s — Shurly, B R 432 
— Shurte, F E 115— Shutter, H W 555- Sifre, 
A S 50 — ^J 491 — Sigerfoos, E 57 — Mrs E 57 — 
Siggins, J B 497— Sigler. D T 503 — Sikes, C B 
181, 456 — Silliman, K G 55, 161, 377 — Silverman, 
J h 278— Simmons, E C 268 — G I 277— R J 61, 
114, 327, 550, 554 — Simon, A 508 — Simons, F S 
541, 553 — M G 446 — S B 288 — Simpson, J G 494 
— Simrall. h E 53— Sims, E W 588— Sinclair, R 
E 53— Sink, C A 553— E W 554— Mrs E W 554 
— G E 541— Sinkey, R E 223— Skeel, A J 500— 
R E 498, 524, 534, 536 — Skillman, H B 165, 207, 
272, 32s — Mrs H B 325 — Skinner, A B 580 — 
J L 552— S J 234— Slaght. A 436— Slater. F A 
246 — Slauson. H M 552 — Slayton, I 433 — V 500 — 
Sleator, W W 554— Sleeman, B R 328— R D 328 
—Sleeper, I^ C 324— Sleight, R B 462— R D 374 
— Slezak, I^ 72— Slocuni; C E 583— E 155— G 552 
— G W 102, 205 — ^J E 163 — Mrs W F 102, 205 — 
Sloman, A I^ 446, 555 — ll S 114 — Slusser, J P 
167, 502— Small, S R 103, 592— SnuUey, A W 
580—11 M 554— Mrs H S 540 — Smith, A C 550 — 
A F 32S—A h 277— A M 492— A R 550— A W 
239. 490, 497— B 170— B E 277— B F 493— C 588 
— C C 498, 54ic-^ ^ ^**— ^ ^ 326— C M 554. 
592 — D A J42 — D T 60, 78 — E 3»6, 327, 438, 443, 
497, 579— E A 553— E B 463— E D 325- E G 167, 
546— E J 462— F B 135— F G 206, 311, 430— F 
L 534— F W 224, 580 — G B 339— G H 590 — 
H 170, 235- H B 205— H C 543— H H 376— H J 

318— H W 

.., . C 247, 287 
385— N H 273, 385 

n 170, 235 — n i> 205 — n v, 543 — ii n 3 
342, 571— H L 378, 462, 571— H S 3ii 
325— T C 385^ H 57. 62— J I, 459— L C 
— M F 60— M I 222, 554— M L 385— N H 273, 385 
— N L 115, 157 — N K 162 — O L 114, 399, 551 — 
R A ^^4— R H 485— R J 166— R O 316— S R 163 

3U, 372, 406, 

Ats r ■" 

K A 39 

— S W 46, 202, 203, 244, 310, 313, 
434, 486, 490, 553, 575, 576, 577—: 
553— T. H 436— Mrs T J 553— W A 

76, 577— Mrs S W 396. 
553— W A III— W E 
234— VV J 553— Mrs W J 273. 545— W T 32— 
W W 323, 403 — Smoyer, F O 551, 581 — Snajdr, 
R I 224— Snell, A Iv F 462— Suite, F B 488 — 
Snitseler, G A 376 — &nover, A 1, 274, 385, 545 — 
G R 5 S3 -Snow, A H 493— C L 548— H A 554— 
Mrs H M 552 — M B 442, 540 — Snure, M 102 — 

Snyder, A D 577 — C I^ 60— F E 395— H 492— J 
h 10— Mrs M B 582— R E 501— R M 387, 487— 
Soddy, T P 572 — Soleather, E K 221 — Solis, J C 

552 — Sonnenschein, H 385-— Sorg,i t, O 554 — South- 
worth, C W 51— L T 108 — SpaethL C F 106 — 
Mrs C F 554 — Spalding, J F 163 — Mrs T F 163 — 
V M 479— Spangler, C P 504— FW 60— W W 

553—0 J 380— T M 8, 55. 58, 315— Spear. 

Jr 312, 433— P B 312 — Speidel, R F 170, 555 — 

577 — Sparling, J 581 — Spaulding, J C 222, 541, 
55. 58, 315— Spear. F B 
,,..,_ , Jpeidel, R F 170. SSS— 

Spencer, B 170 — C C 324— C H 271, 315— D B 
555— E J 277-G W 493— H H 531— H M 552— 
M N 433 — M S 433 — Spice, C G 554, 593 — Spiccr, 
E H 553— Spies, W F 314 — Spike, H V 329 — 
Spill, W A 490 — Mrs W A 490 — Spinning. R C 
329, 550 — Spivey, C D 554 — Sponsler, O L 548 — 
Spooner, t, C 492 — Spraker, L C 555 — Sprigle, 
Ii H 329 — Spring, H 550 — V F 60 — Springer, D 
W 558— Springstim, H H 124, 341, 342 — Sproat. 

H J 542 — L A 433 — Spurney, E F 499 — Staad- 
ecker, H 502 — Staau, K S 462— Sudtmiller, M B 
326— Mrs M B 126— SUebler, A 545— W P 
53, 550— Mrs W P 550— Stafford, F W 
J 170 — Stahl, C R 287, 461, 564— M 181 
— Stable. N K 224 — Staley, E M 387 — 
Sulker. A W 456— E N 395 — Sumats, D 124— 
Sunderline, B A 462, 578 — Sundish, M W 489 — 
W C 325— Mrs W C 325— Standly, Z T 210— 
Stang, A H 462 — Stanley. A A 31, 70, 289, 359, 
372, 452, 509. 575— J M 550, 594— J T 273— 

Stansell, A D 580— Sunton, B E 461, 564 — E K 

554 — Staples, C: O 113— C W 48, 132, 206, 311 

430 — E I* 275 — Mrs E L 275 — Stark, A R 327- 

E F 554— E M 548— E P 554— H F 545— Star- 
rett. W A 314— Steams, D F 318— F S 378— R 
D 317— Steegar. M S 53 — Steele, G 106— Steen, 
S T 462— Steere. E B 548— F W 53, 60— J B 553 
— Steglich, E M 548— R E 502 — Stein, I F 316 — 
Steinem. C V 555 — Steiner, Mrs E 264, 265 — ^T F 
489— M S 264, 265, 489 — O S 1 59— Steinert, W J 
546 — Steinhauser, H H 314, 433 — Stellwagen, A 
J C 528— Stephan. F I^ 60— S 376— Stephen, J W 
554, 591 — Sterlinje. J 543— Stern, L D 554 — Stet- 
son, R H 494 — Steuber, J B 265 — Stevens, A B 
"3, 373 — Mrs B T 317, 552 — Mrs F B 295, 372 — 
F C 314— F W 164, 169— J E 357— M 60— M B 
552— R C 499— S ly 315— V M 492— W B 268, 
526 — Stevenson, A 272 — D F 318 — F G 592 — 
H C 502, 553, 588— Mrs H C 553— R A 47, 60— 
Stewart, J A 588— M M D 588— N E 170— T S 
497, 533 — W R 210 — Stickle, M M 287— Stickney, 
L B 265— Stiles. S A 444— Stillman, F T 498— F 
W 498 — P E 498 — Stillwell, J E 490 — Stimpson, 
E F 579 — Stimson, G h 554 — Stinchcomb, F O 
316 — Stine. A R 385, 443, 545 — Stock, F 72, 452 — 
F J 445, i88— R H 61, 169— Stockbridf^e, / W 

* 529 

— S P 529— Stocking, C H 238, 554— h 160— 
Stoepel, F 386— R 325— W V 386— Mrs W V 
386 — Stockton, F T 575 — Stoddard, H 554 — 

Stokely, J T 157— Stokes, A P 126— J H 326, 
372 — Stokowski, L 71 — Stone, C G 3M, 323, 327 
— E E A 314. 327, 433— H K 385—1 K 374, 545— 
M 547 — M A 580 — W J 194, 442, 540, 542 — 
Mrs W J 541— Stoner, T W 314. 502— W G 129, 

130, 373, 553 — Mrs W G 554 — Storey, I^ W 220 
— VV B 208 — Storkan, E E 374 — Storm, C T 325 — 
Story, E C 52— Stott, j I^ 158 — Stoughton, H W 

208 — Storkan, E E 374 — Storm, C T 325- 
,, E C 52— Stott, j h 158 — Stoughton, H V 
325 — Stout, H G 275 — t F 159, 489— Stover, 

J S 51, 385, 545— Stowe, L G 387, 581— Strac- 
han, C H 125— Strahan, C M 287 — Strassburg, J 
103, »34, 459^Stratton, J A 532 — Strauss, C A 
ai3. 214, 359, 395, 553 — Mrs L A 395 — Strawn, T 
406— Street, R W 580 — Streeter, G L 78 — Streiff. 
A 246 — Stretch, B E 103— R A 274— Strieker, 
E A 553 — Strickland, D K 594— L G 208— 
Strickler, D P 159 — Stripp, A E 553 — Strom, A 
246, 432— E F III, 454 — Strong, E L 497 — h K 
209 — L W 62 — Struby, C A 581 — Stuart, B S 51 — 
W J 266, 267, 318 — Stuckey, M 590 — Studley, 
W A 552— Stueber, P J 159, 489 — Stuefer, O F 
61 — Stump, A A 386— -Sturges, M 115, 555 — 
Sturm, A K 325 — Sturtevant, R A 61 — R B 594 — 
Sugar, M 61, 551— V H 338 — Sullivan, Mrs F M 
312, 431— F W 124— M J 326— P J 536 — T J 163 
— Sunderland, E R 390 — Mrs E R 541, 542 — F 

Digitized by 




207, 434 — Sundermann^ W F 547, 548 — Sundstrom, 
E 542-— Supple, L F sso — Surdam, J M 312 — Suth- 
erland, G I 554 — O M 113 — Sutphm, E E 431 — 
Sutton, E W 158— Mrs E W 158— F M 208— 
Suzzalo, H 342 — Swain, C E S02 — Mrs C E 502 — 
E A 492 — Swan, J 536 — W M 580— Swartout, A D 
265 — Swart*, A A 222 — Sweany, M T 502 — 
Sweeny-Sweeney, D N 53 — M J 274, 275 — Sweet. 
E 53 — G P 553 — Sweitaer, J B 314 — Swetnam, J 
M 323 — Swift, J M 78, 132, 206, 311, 313, 3»4 — 
Swigart, R E 583 — Swinton, F W 445, 550 — H E 
444 — Switzer, J S Jr 342 — SyCip, A Z 223 — 
Sylvester, E R 125 — Syme, A R 61 — Symons, G 
236— J S 541. 

Taber, I C 224— M N 61, 224--Tabor, I R 158, 
431— Taft, M t, 60, 554— W H 213— Taggart. 
M 54— R C 52— Tait. P G 553— Takken, R E 
387. 555 — Talamon, R i, 31, 79, 83, 100, 240, 241, 
448, 466— Talbott, H C 217— Mrs H C 217— M E 
550 — Talcott, H H 541, 542, 588 — Tallmadge, H C 
170— Tallman, E D 532— Talman, W W 325— 
Mrs VV W 325— Tangne, E A 46— Tanner, W P 
385 — Tappan, H P 2, 84, 85, 86, 105, 106, 227 — 
Tapping, T H 7» 236, 245— Tarbox. C L S4i— 
Tatem, C R 431— Tatlock, JSP 190, 191, 215. 
225, 239, 240, 448, 576 — M L, 545 — ^Taylor, A N 
531— A V 554— C B 387— C R 490— Mrs C R 104, 
60, 315, 490, 491 — D 271 — D B 552 — E T 56 — 

n 1;: 

F M 47— F N 356— G 552— G A 61— G H 47, 
102— H 439— J C 435— J R M 18— J W 497— 
M C 170— M D 553— Mrs M G 547— R S 104, 377. 

387, 490— T C 502— W W 156, 553— Tealdi, A 
372 — Teed, D E 247, 274 — Teegarden, H B 287 — 
Tefft, W H 165— Temple, F R 580— Ten Brook. 

A 253 — Tennant, N J 277, 555— R H 328 — Tenny, 
M W 5§3— Terpenning, W A 378— Terry, C H 
314— F 11 552— H E 435— M 61— Tessin. E A 

115 — ^Textor, M B 275— O 497, 503 — R B 275, 
312, 471, 503— Thayer, A F 158— E R 337— M H 
580— W W 158, 159— Mrs W W 158— Thieme, 
H P 31, 578— Thierwechter, M E 60— Thomas, 
A F 444— C 190 — C C 70, 378 — D h 205— E J 
545— F 490— Mrs F 490— G M 265— J P 555, 
594— M P 529— S R 46, 106, 169, 277— Mrs S R 
169 — W H 592 — ^Thompson, A B 209, 210 — A C 
553— A S 3»5— B 541— B M " '^ "' 

337— C 394— C A 314, 578— C 
—Mrs D M 124— E t 553— H B 265— J E 54 
K R ^8^--L h 52— L M 555— M M 500— M W 

553— A S 315— B 541— B M 337— Mrs B M 

[— C A 314, 578— C M 583— C " 

1 124— E t 553— H B 265— J 

K 583— L ly 52— L M 555— M M 500— M W 

— N W 314— R F 313, 314. 458, 588— R R 

4. 375— R W 236, 245— Mrs T X 541— Mrs W 

J6, 245 

E 158— W H ^99— W M 266— W O 516, 517, 
524— Thorns, F M 108 — Thomson, E E 554 — G C 
265, 277 — L M 328 — Thoren, T A 312 — Thomdyke, 
E ly 341— Thornton, E H 583— J £ 114— J E 47— 
Thorpe, C D 102 — Thorward, B F H 504 — Thrun, 
W E 102, 276— Thuner, E B 554— Thurber, J G 
442, 540 — Mrs J G 442 — M S 442 — Thurston, C 
M 490 — E R 338, 550— J 552— Tickner, V ly 
113. 374 — W 107 — Ticknor, F W 115, 555 — 
H M 490 — Tiedeman, I 106 — ^Tierney, E F 
217— Tiffany, F B 323— Tilden, h C 501 
—Tillema, J 463— Tilley, M P 32, 79, 
i90--Tilton, M 156, 157— Tindall, C H 317-- 
Tinkham, 'L C 547, 548 — R R joi — Tinsman, 
C,W 531— H E 441. 487, 533— Titcomb, C G 
491 — Titus, H 215 — L M 209 — Tobias, M A 224, 
388— Todd. G 53— G A 274, 385— J D 342— L 
492 — Todt, H H 61 — Toland, E M 395 — Tompkins, 
F G 58, 326 — Toms, R M 222 — Toomcy, I^ J 
463 — Toplon, I S 339» 39^5 — Torbet, C 103 — 
M W 314, 327 — R U 594 — Torregrosa, A 50 — 
R E 50— Torrey, A M 60, 554— L E 534— 
Toulme. M L 60, 487 — Tour, R S 160, 327 — 
Tousley, H 62 — Towar, H M 588 — ^Towers, W K 
548— Mrs W K 548— Towler, J W 550— Tovnie. 
C A 529— M B 224— Townsend, C E 135. 158, 
313— C O 315— E J 435— F M 314, 529— L D 
246 — P 499— R H 52 — Towsley, t* A 529 — F S 
550 — M E 170 — Tracy, C C 376 — W W 312 — 
Traver, A F 325 — Travis, J C 490, ^,91- J W 
223 — Treat, H A 592 — Trebilcock, W F 221— 
Tremble, G T 588 — ^Trembley, L M 106 — Tremper, 
Mrs CAB 376 — G N 103 — Trengove, A 550 — 
Tressler, A W 271, 498 — Trevelyan, G M 456 — 
Trever, A F 322, 592— Trible. W C 550, 593— 

Triplehorn, D R 159, 489 — Tripp, W J 277 — 
Trix, H B 492 — Trosper, li B 168— R E 168— 
Trout, A ly 385, 443 — Trowbridge, W R §4 — 
Troxel, E L 102, 249 — Troy, E 11 159 — P M 52 
—True, M E 342— Trueblood. C h 53— T C 181, 
191, 263, 433, 486 — Truesdell, S R 61 — Trum, 
H J 581— Mrs H J 555— Trumbull. L B 218— 
Truscott, S 275 — Tubbs, A C 169^— F C 547, 
548— Tucker, D A 102— E W 6i— J G 338— 
R S 575— S D 220— Tufts. F W 162— Mrs F W 
554 — Tumpson, G 314, 377 — Tunison, M C 58, 
112 — ^Tuomy, K G, 103, 113 — Tupper, W W 461 — 
Turnbull, Mrs T W 502— Turner, D D 163— E R 
31, 189, 203. 487— Mrs F B 433— J 543— J E 217 
—J M 108— J O 180— L 540— L D 217, 588— L M 
41— M 444— M M 180 — Turpin, W H 61 — Tuthill, 

497— Tuttle, A H 488 — D M 492— E W 325— 
W 462— Tweedy, A 211— A B 264, 382— A VV 
211 — J B 211 — J F 200, 211, 264, 382 — J H 211 
— M H 211— R 211— Twitchell, R E 382— Tyler, 
J C 529— M C 16— Tyrrell, W D 314— Tyson, 
L 128 — M 287. 

Ufer, C E 462, 572— Ulrich. B A 49, 589— 
Unckrich, E C 220 — Underwood, B i, 83 — Unson, 
F M 58— Mrs F M 58— Upham, Mrs F N 554— 
F S 113- Upholt, G 385— H Jr 385-!^ V 385, 
433— W M 385— Upjohn, J T 164— 1# N 314— 
W E 100— Uren, C 205— Utley, H M 270— J D 
591— S W 543, 580. 

Vail, E 11 324— J B 489— Valiton, C K 550— 
R J 555— del Valle, M V 491— Vallat, Mrs B W 
541 — Van Ameringen, V E 271, 294, 399, 545, 
546 — Van Arsdale, J A 431 — Mrs J A 431 — 
— Van Auken. J H 61, 114 — Van Avery, A 552 — 
Vance, J T 588 — Vande Laare. F 278 — Van 
Deman. E B 382 — Vandenberg-Vandenburg. A H 
III — A h 169 — Van den Broek, J A 47 — Van der 
Slice, E R HI — Vander Velde, A 274, 385, 433 
— Van Deusen, A h 246 — Van Duren, G C 554 — 
Van Hartesveldt, P A 114 — Van Hoosen, B 102, 
20s, 586 — Van Horn, S H 541 — Van Iderstine, 
W H 312, 433 — Van Kammen, I J 62 — Van 
Keulen, M G 433— Van Kleek, M R 540— Van 
Ness, O 548 — Van Noppen, t, C 337 — Mrs L C 
207— Van Rhee, G 550— Van Slyke, D D 385. 
545 — Mrs D D 434, 490, 554 — L ly 217 — Van 
Stone, N E 114, 555— Van Tuyl, F F 553— H H 
219 — Van Tyne, C H 31, 35, 112, 356, 375, 576 — 
Van Wesep, H 276 — Van Westrienen, A 103 — 
Van Winkle, M 53— Van Zile, P D 58, 326— Mrs 
P 1) 58 — P T 58 — Van Zwaluwenburg, J G 262, 
310, 553, 554— Vaughan, J W 384— R C 312, 431 
— V C 9, 70, 88, 100, 123, 140, 186, 197, 230, 231, 
237, 244, 269, 272, 286, 298, 300, 313, 314, 430, 
456, 462, 486— V C Jr 5S0— Vedder, B B 107, 
264, 487 — Veeder, A 210— Veenbocr, M B 433 — 
Veldhuis, G H 498— Venners, C T 553, 590— 
Vercoe, J 266 — Verdier, A C 432 — L D 442, 449, 
538, 540, 553— Vesey, D S 107— Vibbert, C B 
359. 553— Victor, M 278, 55s — Villers, E R S55» 
594 — Vincent, B J 546 — Vinogradoff, P 379 — 
Vinton. T J 593— W J 593— Mrs W J 158, 593— 
Vis, W R 550— Visscher, D A 221— H 274— 
H T 274— L 274—0 W 221, 274— R T 221, 385— 
W E 536— Vittum, H 205— Vlict. C 461— Vogt. 
E C 224, 329 — Voldcn, I, 577 — Volkmor. O C 
536 — Vollmayer, R H 199, 221 — Vonachen, F J 
342 — Von Zellen. J O 312, 433 — Voorheis, P D 
221— P W 541— Vorheis. J V 591— Vorys, G W 
216 — Vosper, Z B 220— Votey, M 433. 

Wadden, T A 170— Wade, F J 268— J H 490— 
M 48. 534— Wadleigh, W H 102— Waer. O E 
274 — Wafer, R F 554 — ^Wag^oner, A 55, 58, 104, 
443— G J 552 — L 318— Wagner. C A 61, 114, 
551, 594— C S 385— E 1 589— K J 278— E L 
383— K R 383— F A 314— n W 492— J H F 
589— M L 3^8— P C 135, 578— S S 385— T E 
38s, 545— Wahr, F B 343, 553, 577— Waite, B S 
529— I C 529 — J B 446, 554 — L O 387. 445 — 
N S 430— R E 62— R J 170. 555— S W 554— 
WaVeman, B T 5 *— Walbridge. G 312— Walden, 
D A 54~Waldo, D M 342— Waldron. J C 497— 
Walker, A H 372— B 156, 487— E 588— F B 
534— n 498— H G 314— I O 382, 441— M L 433— 
M M 592— R G 287— W H 498, 555— Z L 444— 
Wallace. H L 107- L V 590— T F 276— Wallick, 

Digitized by 




A C 555— WaUin. I V 545— Walsh, M F 553— 
Walter, F L 593— Walters, H C 219— K F 208 
— WalthaU, D O 550— J D 533— Walther, J T 
503_Walton, R K 588— Walt*, B A 502— R M 
581— Wanamaker, G W 496— Wang. C P 203— 
C T 377, 386— Wanzek, M V 550— Waples. R 
435— Ward, A W 109— C E 499~C N 224— C P 
168— K C 168— K P 168— M L 244, 543— Mrs 
N 582— W E 533— Ware, E 114— E E 79» 109. 
343— S E 550— Warfield, D S47— Warlord. T O 
277— Waring, C A 58— E 11 1, 433» 59©— Warne, 
ji G 548— Warner, E D 218— H D 343— H M 
32— W E 552— Warren, B 102, 206— F E 536— 
H C 66— J W 593— W H 503— Warriner, E C 
10, 99, 202, 383 — Warthin, A S 263, 286, 320, 485 
—Washburne- Washburn. C W 111— G 3^7— h J 
3x6— W D 529— Wassmann, N W 124— Water- 
house, FTP 158— Mrs FTP 1 58— Waterman, 
L 47, 99. 3»6. 327— Waters, F F 438— Watkins, 
B B 278— D E 590— J K 158, 503. 554, 555— 
Watling, J A 315— Mrs J A 161, 207— Watson, 
A R 312— C M 103, 205— F R 220— Mrs F R 
220— G N 579— H M 60, 554— J M 275— M T 
— ^ ' R 554— Wattles. C P 

55— Watts, 
169, 489- 
H. c: 48, 156, 3»i. 430 — J 104 — wf 
D D 593— F I. 61, 328, 555- T D 462— Webb, 
J B .. t *. . ^ 

-Weniell. A T 552— Wernicke. H O 502— J 

52— Wesener. T A 164. 588— West. CJ 592— 

471, 503— F J 163, 552— M 265— N P 253— 

324— Watt, 6 170, 555—1 R 554— Wattles. C P 
"5. 329— Watton, W F 555— Watts. C h 552— 
Weadock, E G 489— J J 169, 489—!^ J 375— 
Weare, H C 48, 156, 311. 43o— J 164— Weaver. 

-* , 328, 555- T D 462— Webb. 

i 433, 445, 593— Mrs J B 445— J C 445— SW 
374— W R 461. 555— Webber, C C 392, 394— H L 
i54-H W 314. 587—0 444— Weber, H A 581— 
Webster, C I 312, 442, 540. 553--Weckel. A L 
274__Wedemcyer, W W 268— Weeks, A 160— E G 
553— J E 314, 588— W R 540— Wefel, H H 383 
— Weidemann, M 376— Weigand, H J 102— Weil- 
er. G C 224— L C 591 — Weuler, V 53— Weinman, 
L P 553-^eintraub, C S 224— Weir, C 266— 
F H 266— Weisman, E 55© — Welbourn, M A 550 
— R T 114— Welch. A I 62, 555— G W 107— R D 
275— Weld. E H 385— Wcller. C V 160, 321, 399, 
5 50. 594— Mrs C V 594— T H 594— W M 533— 
Welling, B D 388— Wells, A E 166— F H 433— 
G E 548— M F 114. 431— M J 579— S M 504— 
V H 47, loi— W R 375, 386— Welsh, M H 433— 
O A 170— W W 223, 327. 554— Weltmann, R J 
343_Welton. M h 433— Welty, B F 489— Wendel. 
H F 263, 264— J S 581— Wenley, J V 395— R M 
159, 203, 396. 459. 489, ^43— Wentworth, W H 


F 162 

F C 471, 503 — F J 163, ^^ 

Westbrook. R S 71— Westcott, J H 129— Wester- 
man. K N 114, 170, 208— Westfall, F E 583— 
Westover, M 104, 49© — Wetherbee, C T 312, 431 
— W J 312, 431— Wetmore, F C 536— J D 210, 
314— Wetsman, B 548— Wettrick. S J 52— Wey- 
mouth, J B 546— Wheat, J C 375, 554— R "4. 
555— T E M 388— Wheatley. W W 550— Wheaton. 
Tf L 114, 115, 170 — Whedon, 11 K 550 — S 552 — 
W T 48, 78, 156, 206, 3". 430, 529— Wheeler, 
A C 158— B I 103— C 159— F C 235— G B 444— 
G B Tr 444— Mrs G B 444— Wheelock, A S 552 
— R V 554— Whelan. M 137— N P 498— Whinery, 
Mrs F B 433— WhiUer, C H 388. 489— Whiuker, 
H H 102, 205, 553— Whitcomb. W F 
538, 541— White. A E 461— A H 234, 553— 
A S 546— I) A 588— E C 444— E E 441— Mrs 
E E 44t- E T 554— F B 274— G W 503— H 78. 
442, 538, 540, 543— H G 435— L A 181, 444, 491, 
sqa— Mrs I^ A 592 — L h d6i — M B 164 — O E 504 
— P 584 — R A 224, 504— R S 62— S K 438, 439 — 
S F 493— V H 555— W n 55«;— W M 577— 
Whitehead, E J 536— E K 529— W 268— Whitehill, 
C 289, 452. 453 — Whiting, J 253, 257 — Whitman. 
C R 526— R B 114— Whitmore. J D 221— W 160, 
329 — Whitney, A S 09, 202, 287. 33?, 486 — B G 
«;o4— C A 170— C W 165— C W W 160— M A 
i67— M M i6«;— M W i6s— Whitsit. J E 314. 
.772— Whitten. H W 1 6 «;— Whittlesey, M B 442— 
Wickes, G F 50a— G M 62— U C 504— Wicks, 
Mrs E H 543— Widenman, E P 113— Wier. G E 
115— Wies, P E S';^— Wiest. J H M 493— T M 
no— Wiggins. C \l 326. 385— S B 554— Wight, 
S B 314— Wilbcr, C W 550— H Z 386— Wilcox. 
C A 314— K P 312— Wilcoxen. II H 503— L C 
339— Wile, U J 326. 358— Wiley. R B 588— S M 
^o— Wilgus, K P 431— Wilhelm. D B 443— Wilkin, 
W D 501— Wilkins, C T 326, 533— Wilkinson, 

B G 315— C M 220, 383— P 536— Willard, H H 
553— I N 108— J H 529— WiUett, C J 4'^o-- 
WiUiams, A G 388— A O 62— C II 577— C T 
433, 548— D R 219, 223— E 433— E G C 435— 
F E 490— Mrs F E 490— G L 115. 312— G P 
253, 256 — G S 61, 112, 377, 552, 594 — H R 277, 
446. 555— J 167— K ly 113— N H 461— R H 272, 
278, 555- R ly 328— S R 554— T 119. 337— T O 
247— T V 167— W I 277» 555— W W 266— WU- 
liamson, Z M 114— WiUis, H E 503— H W 431— 
Mrs H W 431— T R 494— J W 431— Mrs J W 
431— M B 431— W I 314, 443— Willits. G E 106— 
WiUs, A B 221— Willy, R E 104— Wilson. A 
433— C B 536— C E 101— C H 107— C M 52^— 
E C 32— F C 220, 590— F E 553— F K 550 — F N 
550, 554— G H 497— G V 112- H 531, 552— 
H A 169— H F 312— Mrs H F 312— H W 550— 
J A 217— ly I. 433— L N 433— M P 438— R H 
112. 223— Mrs R H 112— S P 160— T 211— U F 
60, 554- W 157, 158— W P 266— Winans, E J 
106, 112 — G D i68, 376, 554 — ^Wincenried, A 580 
— Winchell. A 478— H V 498— Winchester. B H 
314 — Windsor. M SSS — P 327 — Wines, H D 555 
— L D 552, 566— Winkworth, E H 220 — Wing, 
C G 526— Mrs C G 526— M G 590— Winkler, Mrs 
M 553 — ^Winship. J T 270, 441, 533 — ^Winslow. 
G H 552— M L 458— Winstead, C E 580— Win- 
sten, H J 103— Winter, J A 543— J C 328— J F 
31 — Mrs J F 31 — J G 377 — winters, O B 170. 
446. 594— Wirtb. C K 328. 387— Wirts. S M 459 
— ^Wisdom. E M 550 — ^Wise, K M 554 — ^Wiseman. 
F D 160— Wisemll. F H 552--Wishek, J H 
270— Wishon, P M 168— Wisler, C V 555— Wis- 
mer, O G 550 — ^Wisner, C H 582 — Witherspoon. 
T A 9— P D E 529— Withrow, R W 113, 386— 
Witting, S 232, 569— Wixson, Mrs W S 553— 
Wochholz, ly F 550 — Woessner, A L 547, 548 — 
Wohlgemuth. A jf 580— Wolaver. E S 554— Wol- 
ber. J G 461— Wolcott, H h 1 1 5— Woleslagel. 
R E 446— Wolf, F C 323— G L 329— Wolfe. 
E C 546— Wolff, J M 490— Wolfson, J A 59, 
588— Wolf styn, C E 387— WoUegemuth, E R 314 
— Wollman, B F 314 — H 313, 3x4. 441 — ^Wolver- 
ton, I M 343— Womack, I 581— Wonders, W K 
443— Wood, B D 504, 555- C I 224, 445— E B 
167, 326— J 112— T C 497— J W 435, 438— L D 
552 — L K 328 — M 104 — M C 124, 341, 342 — 
M I, 554— N N 167, 326— Mrs N N 167, 326— 
W P 445— W R 497. 531— Woodard. G E 345— 
Woodbury. W H 583— Woodhams, J W 543— R 
552— Woodhouse, E J 1 70— Woodhull. M H 378 
—Woodman, E W 502— Woodrow, G D 165- 
T R 165— Woodruff, C K 385— J F 38«;— W S 
314— Woods, A H 288— F R 553— J W S03— 
N E 62— Woodward. A 208— A E 102— F C 238 
— H M 112 — R S 190 — Wood worth, R 124, 395 — 
Woog, 11 314, 385. 501— Woolley, J G 578— T R 
50, 106 — Woolman, H M 271— Wooton, G H 
161 — Worcester, D C 17, 18. 47> 132, 159, 212, 
3M — J ly loi — W E 435— Worden, E C 104. to^, 
3 '4. 433. 578— Workman. A E 433— Worth, C B 
235 — E N 5^4, 592 — Worthington, W B 502 — 
Wri<Tht, C 580— C R 53. 160. 328— C W 4Q2— 
E M 581— G loi— G B 48— G G 581, 5Q3— G S 
546— T N 532— W R 553. 554— Wucrfel. G D 219 
— R B F 222— VV J 219— Wuerth, F 492— Wnetth- 
ner. J i68— Wurster, A 53, 61— H 168— O H in 
— Wurzbur?, M M 433— Wyeant, F A 532 — 
Wyllie, C K 316— Wyman, A M 433— J H 326— 
Wvnn, II R 3S0. 

Yarncll, J N 17a. 277 — Yearned, W H 546 — 
Yellen, J S 276 — Yeomans. L C 324 — Yerington, 
R A 26s— York. B D 552— B S 542— Yost, F H 
78, 103. 123. 125, 132. 258. 259. 458. 488— Yott, 
F O 582 — Young, A M 168, 4Q1 — E F 102. 205. 
206. 375— F L 114— G F Ir 329, 555— H VV 276 
— K H 190— L J 83, 554 — Mrs h J 554— M 30 «> — 
N O 164— Q 462— R G 194, 196, 222, 377— R J 
552— W E 48. 5 33-VV J 502— W W 435— 
Youngquist. I< ly 224^Yunck, Mrs E C 542. 

Zane, T M 182, 487 — ^Zener, V C 59— de Zeeuw, 
R 394— Zcwadski, C B 114— ZicV, F S 150— 
Ztegele, E C 107 — Zimmerman, D F 542, 558 — 
Mrs D F 543— M 102, 103. 205, 451— S 53^ — T 
590 — Zimmerschied, K W 69, in — Zinke. L D 
SCO — ^Zinkei^en, M «;29 — Zinn. F W 115, 448. 468 
— Ziwet. A 394— Zumbro, F R 462 — Zweigart. 
C C 224. 

Digitized by 




Alumnus s^ 






OCTOBEPv: 1914 

Digitized by 



Library Books 

WE MAKK a specialty of furnishing library books of all descriptions for Michigan 
Alumni. Our facilities for securing foreign and domestic publications are un- 
excelled. There is no publication in print in any language which we cannot sup- 
ply at the lowest price. 

Law Medical Engineerinff 

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THE COLOR LINE IN OHIO, By frank u. quillin, Ph.D., oj 

Kn'X College. A history of race prejudice in a typical Northern State. Bound in full 
cloth, S1.56, post prepaid. Publi&hed by Georgb Wahr. 

WARTHIN'S PRACTICAL PATHOLOGY. A Manual of Autopsy and Laboratory 
Technique. Illustrated; 322 pages; index; full cloth; $3.00. 





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A NN ARBOR no^v has the finest and best equipped 
-^^ printing plant in its history. All the year long the 
Press is runninff day and night turning out text- books 
and other printing of highest quality. The wheels go 
round twenty-four hours every day m the year at this 
place, and you can have anything printed in style, from 
a name card to a book. 

The Ann A rbor P ress 


^* 3* iPCtCtS Si Son C0# us mgh street Bo»ton. MattachutetTt 

Photo Engravers Electrotypers Typesetters 


Akron, O. — Every Saturday, at noon, at the 

Portage Hotel, 
Boston. — Every Wednesday at 12:30, in the 

Dutch Grill of the American House, Hanover St. 
Buffalo, N. Y. — Every Wednesday at la o'clock, 

at the Dutch Grill m the Hotel Statler. 
Chicago. — Every Wednesday noon, at the Press 

Club, 26 North Dearborn St. 
Chicago, 111. — The second Thursday of each month 

at 6:30 p. m., at Kuntz-Remmler's. 
Cleveland. — Every Wednesday at 12 o'clock, at 

the Hollenden Hotel. 
Detroit. — Every Wednesday at 12:15 o'clock at 

the Edelweiss Cafe, corner Broadway and John 

R. Street. 
Detroit. — (Association of U. of M. Women). The 

third Saturday of each month at 12:30 at the 

College Club, §0 Pctcrboro. 
Duluth. — Every Wednesday at 12 o'clock, at the 

cafe of the Hotel Holland. 
Honolulu, H. I. — The first Thursday of each 

month at the University Club 
Houston, Texas. — The first Tuesday in each month 

at noon. 
Kalamazoo. — The first Wednesday of every month, 
at noon, at the New Brunswick House, 

Los Angeles, Calif. — Every Friday at 12:30 
o'clock, at the University Club, Consolidated 
Realty Bldg., corner Sixth and Hill Sts. 

Minneapolis, Minn. — Every Wednesday from 12 
to 2 o'clock, at the Grill Room of the Hotel 

Omaha. — The second Tuesday of each month, at 
12 o'clock at the University Club. 

Portland. — The first Tuesday of every month, at 
6:30 p. m., at the University Club. 

Portland. — Every Wednesday from 12:15 to 1:15, 
at the Oregon Grille, comer Broadway and 
Oak St 

Pittsburgh. — The last Saturday of each month, at 
I :oo p. m., at the 7th Avenue Hotel, 7th Ave 
and Liberty St 

Rochester, N. Y. — Every Wednesday at 12 o'clock, 
at the Rathskellar in the Powers Hotel. 

San Francisco. — Every Wednesday at 12 o'clock 
at the Hofbrau Restaurant, Pacific Bldg., Mar- 
ket Street. 

Seattle. — The first Wednesday of each month, at 
noon, at the Arctic Club. 

Toledo. — Every Wednesday noon, at the Com- 
merce Club. 

Digitized by 




This directory is published for the purpose of affording a convenient guide to Michi^n Alumni of 
the various professions, who may wish to secure reliable correspondents of the same profession to transact 
business at a distance, or of a special professional character. It is distinctly an intra-professional directory. 
Alumni of all professions, who, by reason of specialty or location, are in a position to be of service to 
Alumni oi the same profession, are invited to place their cards in the directory. 

Professional cards in this directory are classified alphabetically by states, alphabetically by cities 
within the states, and the names of alumni (or firms) in each city are likewise alphabetically arranged. 
The price of cards is fifty cents (50c) per insertion — five dollars a year, payable in advance. Cards in the 
Legal Directory section will be published in the Michigan Law Review also, at a special combination 
2'ricc of six dollars a year, payable in advance. 

ganfterg an& Brofterg 



Members New York Stock Exchange. 
Stanley D. McGraw, '92. Linzee Bladgen (Harvard). 

Charles D. Draper (Harvard). 
Ill Broadway, New York, N. Y. 

Xeoal Directori? 


Southern Trust Building, 


Little Rock, Ark. 


724-5-6 Merchants Trust BIdg., Lot Angeles, Cal. 

L R. RUBIN, *o8l 
401-3-3 Citizens National Bank Bldg., Lot Angeles, C aL 


Inman Sealby, '12I, 

Hunt C Hill, '131. 

Auomeys at Law and Proctors in Admiralty. 

607-611-613 Kohl Building, San Francisco, CaL 



Arthur P. Friedman, 'oSl. 
Horace H. Hindry, '97 (Stanford). 
Foster Building, Denver, Colo. 


John F. Shafroth. '75. 
Morrison Shafroth, 10. 

403 McPhee Building, 

Denver, Colo. 


DUANB B. FOX .'81. 



W ashington Loan and Trust Bldg., Washington, D. C. 


Colorado Building, 

Penfield and Penfield, Washington, D. C. 



Suite 317, Idaho Bldg., 

Boise, Idaho. 



1444 First National Bank Bldg., Chicago, III. 

Michigan Offices :--Fowler Bldg., Manistee, Mich. 


1522 Tribune Bldg., 7 So. Dearborn St., Chicago, IlL 
E. D. REYNOLDS, '96I. 

Manufacturers National B«[nk Bldg., Rockford, 111. 


Chas. S. Andrus, *05, '06I. 
Frank L. Trutter. 
2231/2 S. Sixth St., Springfield, 111. 



Suite A, North Side Bank Bldg., EvansviUe, Ind. 

Suite 406 American Central Life Building, 

Indianapolis, Ind. 

1216 State Life Bldg., Indianapolia, lad. 

Louis Newberger. 
Charles W. Richards. 
Milton N. Simon, 'oaL 
Lawrence B. Davis. 
S uite 808-814 Majestic Bldg., Indianapolia, lad. 


Suite 433-4-5 Jefferson Bldg, 

South Bend, Ind. 


H. H. Stipp. 
E. D. Perry, '03I. 
A. I. Madden. 
Vincent Starzlnger. 
1 1 16, 1 1 17, 1 1 18, 1 1 19, II30 Equitable Bldg., 

Des Moines, Iowa. 


209-211 Husted Bldg., Kansas City, Kan. 

Digitized by 




Morris B. Gifford, LL.M., '93. 
Emile Steinteld. 
United States Trust Bldg., 

Louisville, Ky. 



Wallace H. White. Wallace H. White. Jr. 

Seth M. Carter. Chas. B. Carter. '05!. 

Masonic Bidg.. Lewiston. Maine. 



403-4-5 Nat. Bank of Commerce Bldg., 

Adrian. Mich. 


Bankruptcy. Commercial and Corporation Law. 

307 Shearer Bros. Bldg.. Bay City. Mich. 

Levi L. Barbour, '63. '65I. 

George S. Field, '95I. 
Frank A. Martin. 
30 Buhl Block, Detroit, Mich. 


Henry Russel, '73, '75!, Counsel; Henry M. Campbell, 

'76, '78I; Charles H. Campbell, '80; Harry C. Bufkley, 

'9a, '95! ; Henry Ledyard ; Charles H. L'Hommedieu, 

'06I; Wilson W. Mills, '1^1 ; Douglas Campbell, 'lo, 

'13I; Henry M. Campbell, 
604 Union Trust Bldg., 


Detroit. Mich. 

Ward N. Choate, *q2, '94I. Wm. J. Lehmann, *4l, '05. 

Cfharles R. Robertson. 
705-710 Dime Bank Bldg., Detroit. Mich. 


James T. Keena, '74- Walter E. Oxtoby, 'a8l. 

Clarence A. Lightner, '83. James V. Oxtoby, '95I. 
Charles M. Wilkinson, '71. 
901-4 Penobscot Building, Detroit. Mich. 


Wade Millis. '98I. Clark C. Seely. 

William J. Griffin, *osl Howard Streetcr, 'oil. 

Howard C. Baldwin. Charles L. Mann, '08I. 

C. L. Bancroft. 

1403-7 Ford Building, Detroit, Mich. 

Jacob Kleinhant. 
Stuart E. Knappen. '98. 
Marshall M. Uhl. '08I. 
317 Michigan Trust Co. Bldg., Grand Rapids, Mich. 

NORRis. Mcpherson ft Harrington. 

Mark Norris, '79, '82I. 
Charles McPherson. (Albion) '95. 
Leon W. Harrington. '05I. 
721.731 Michigan Trust Bldg., Grand Rapids. Mich. 



Ralph Whelan. Clark H empste ad. 

Will A. Koon. '93I. John H. Ray. Jr. 

601 Minnesota Loan & Trust Bldg.. Minneapolis, Minn. 



Dclbert J. Haff, '84, '861; Edwin C. Meservey ; Charles 
W. German ; William C. Michaels, '95I ; Dell D. Dutton, 
'06I ; Samuel D. Newkirk ; Charles M. Blackmar ; Frank 
G. Warren; Henry A. Bundschu, 'iil. 

Suite 906 Commerce Bldg., Kansas City, Mo. 

JACOB L. LORIE, '95. '961. 
608-8-9 American Bank Bldg., 

Kansas City, Mo. 

1320 Commerce Bldg.. 

Kansas City. Mo. 

901-902 Scarritt Bldg.. 


Andrew R. Lyon. 

A. Stanford Lyon, '08I. 

Kansas City, Mo. 

Leslie J. Lyons. 
Hugh C Smith, '94I. 

Suite 1003 Republic Bldg., 

Kansas City, Mo. 


Charles Cummingt Collins. 
Harry C. Barker. 

Roy F. Britton, LL.B. 'oa, LL.M. '03. 
Third Nat'l Bank Bldg., St. Louis, Mo. 



634 Brandeis Theatre Bldg., 

Omaha, Neb. 



John S. Parker. Franklin A. Wagner, *99-*oi, '041. 

Arnold L. Davis, '98I. George Tumpson. '04I. 

Mutual Life Bldg., 34 Nassau St., New York City. 

Forwarded gratis upon request. 
Eugene C Worden, '98. *99l, 
Lindsay Russell. '94I, 

International Legal Correspondents. 
165 Broadway, New York City. 

52 Broadway, 

New York City. 

FRANK M. WELLS. '9al. 

5a William St., 

New York Cit y. 


Henry Wollman, '78I. 
Benjamin P. Wollman, '94I. 
Achilles H. Kohn. 
20 Broad Street, New York City. 



Harvey Muster. '8al. 

T. W. Kimbcr. '041. 

J. R. Huffman, '04I. 

503-9 Flatiron Bldg., Akron. Ohio. 


Guy W. House, 'op. 'lal. 
~ • ~ I, Jr. 

Charles R. Brown, 

525 Engineering Bldg., 

Cleveland, Ohio. 

Digitized by 



Rcon.s 303-304, No. 235 Superior Ave. N. W., 

Cleveland, Ohio. 

Alexander L. Smith. 
George H. Beckwith. 
Gustavus Ohlinger, '99, 'oal. 
51-56 Produce Exchange Building, Toledo, Ohio. 



Chamber of Commerce., 

Portland, Oregon. 


631-622 Bakewell Building, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

EDWARD J. KENT, '90!. 
Suite 523, Fanners' Bank Bldg., Pittsburgh, Pa. 



C. J. France. 

Frank P. Helsell. '08I. 

436-39 Burke Bldg., 

Seattle, Wash. 

911-916 Lownian Bldg.. Seattle, Wash. 

SI 5 Empire State Building, 

Spokane, Wash. 



T. L. CAMPBELL, 'oil. 
Suite 1116-19 Exchange Bldg., 

Memphis, Tenn. 


O p. WENCKER. 'osl. 
iM»6-8 Commonwealth Rank Bldg. 
Dallas, Texas. 

403-4 Wheat Bldg.. 

Port Worth, Texas. 


413 Continental National Bank Bldg.. 

Salt Lake City, Uuh. 


902 Wells Building, 

Milwaukee, Wis. 




Main Street, 

Wail.iku, Maui, Hawaii. 

forclflit <tountric0 


James Short, K.C. Geo. H. Ross, '07I. 

Frederick S. Selwood, B.A. Jos. T. Shaw, '09I. 
L. Frederick May hood, *iil. 

Calgary, Alberta, Canada. 


Barrister and Solicitor, 

Rooms 404-406 Crown Bldg., 615 Pender St. West, 

Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. 

You will want to read these Articles in the 

November Scribner's 


("Fair Play"). The great concrete football amphitheatres the colleges have built and are building. 
The first complete account of these immense structures. Illustrated. 

THOUGHTS ON THIS WAR, by John Galsworthy. 

Does the war mark the end of Mystic Christianity? 

THE GERMANS IN BRUSSELS, by Richard Harding Davis. 

A pen-picture of the tremendous energy and efficiency of the German troops. 

National Band. What the United States can do to develop and increase its commerce in the 
present crisis. 

3.00 a year. 25 cents a number. 

CBAR^I^BS SCRIBMBIt^S 80MS, 597 FlfflK A^« 

N«w Toric City 

Digitized by ' 

ric CKjr j 

Vol. XXI. 


Entered at the Ann Arbor Postoffice as Second Class Matter. 

No I. 

WILFRED B. SHAW. '04 Editor 

HARRIET LAWRENCE. '11 \ssistant Editor 

ISAAC NEWTON DEMMON, '6.? Necrology 

T. HAWLEY TAPPING, '16L Athletics 

THE MICHIGAN ALUMNUS is published on the 12th of each month, except July and September, 
by the Alumni Association of the University of Michigan. 

SUBSCRIPTION, including dues to the Association. $1.50 per year (foreign postage. 50c per year 
additional) ; life memberships including subscription, $35.00, in seven annual payments, four-fifths 
of which goes to a permanent fund held in trust by the Treasurer of the University of Michigan 

CHANGES OP ADDRESS must be received at least ten days before date of issue. Subscribers chang- 
ing address should notify the General Secretary of the Alumni Association, Ann Arbor, promptly, 
in advance if possible, of such change. Otherwise the Alumni Association will not be responsible 
for the delivery of The Alumnus. 

DISCONTINUAhlCES. — If any annual subscriber wishes his copy of the (aper discontinued at the 
expiration of his subscription, notice to that effect should be sent with the subscription, or at its 
expiration. Otherwise it is understood tHat a continuance of the subscription is desired. 

REMITTANCES should be sent by Check, Express Order, or Money Order, payable to order of The 
Alumni Association of the University of Michigan. 

LETTERS should be addressed: 




VICTOR HUGO LANE. '74c. '78I, Ann Arbor. Michigan President 

JUNIUS E. BEAL. 'B2, Ann Arbor, Michigan Vice-President 

LOUIS PARKER JOCELYN, '87. Ann Arbor. Michigan Secretary 

GOTTHELF CARL HUBER. 'Sym, Ann Arbor, Michigan Treasurer 

HENRY WOOLSEY DOUGLAS. '90*, Ann Arbor, Michigan 

DAVID EMIL HEINEMAN, '87. Detroit. Michigan 

ELSIE SEELYE PRATT. '04m, Ann Arbor, Michigan 

WILFRED BYRON SHAW, '04, Ann Arbor, Michigan General Secretary 


Akron, O. (Summit Co. Association), Dr. Urban 

D. Seidel, 'osm. 
Allegan, Mich. (Allegan Co.), Hollit S. Baker, '10. 
Alpena, Mich. (Alpena County), Woolsey W. 

Hunt, *97*'99» m'99-*oi. 
Arizona, Albert D. Lcyhe, '99I, Phoenix, Ariz. 
Ashtabula, Ohio^ Mary Miller Battles, '88m. 
Battle Creek, Mich., Harry R. Atkinson. '05. 
Bay City and West Bay Oty, Mich., Will Wells, 

Big Rapids, Mich., Mary McNerney, '03. 
Billings, Mont, James L. Davis, '07I. 
Birmingham. Ala., John L. Cox, '12, care Bur- 
roughs Adding Machine Co. 
Buffalo, N. Y., Henry W. Willis, *oa, 193 Massa- 

chusetts Ave. 
Boston, Mass., Elton J. Bennett, 762-4 Boston 

Y. M. C. A. 
Canton, O. (Stark County), Thomas H. Leahy, 

'12I, 20 Eagle Block. 
Caro, Mich. (Tuscola Co.), Lewis G. Seeley, '94. 
(Antral California. See San Francisco. 
Central Illinois, Oramel B. Irwin, '991, 205 S. 5th 

St., Springfield, 111. 
Central Ohio Association, Richard D. Ewing, 

'96e, care of American Book Co., Columbus, O. 
Charlevoix. Mich. (Charlevoix Co.), Frederick W. 

Mayne, ^8il. 
Charlotte, Mich., E. P. Hopkins, Secretary. 
Chattanooga, Tenn., Frank B. Fletcher, 'loe, 114 

McCallie Ave. 

Chicago, 111., Beverly B. Vcdder, '09, 
Monadnock Block. 

12I, 1414 

Chicago Alumnae Association, Mrs. Anna Blanch 
Hills, '95-'96, r96-'97, 5824 South Park Ave. 

Chicago Engineering, Emanuel Anderson, '99e, 
5301 Kenmore Ave. 

Cincinnati, Ohio, Charles C Benedict, '02, 1227 
Union Trust Bldg. 

Cleveland, O., Irving L. Evans, 'lol, 702 Western 
Reserve Bldg. 

Cold water, Mich. (Branch Co.), Hugh W. Clarke, 

Copper Country, Katherine Douglas, '08, L'Anse. 

Denver, Colo., Howard W. Wilson, *i3i care Inter- 
state Trust Co., Cor. 15th and Stout Sts. 

Des Moines, la. See Iowa. 

Detroit, Mich., James M. O'Dea, '09c, 71 Broad- 

Detroit, Mich. (Association of U. of M. Women), 
Genevieve K. Duffy, '93, A.M. '94. 7 Marston 

Duluth, Minn., John T. Kenny, '09, 'iil, 509 
First National Bank Bldg. 

Erie, Pa., Mrs. Augustus H. Roth, 264 W. loth St. 

Escanaba, Mich.. Blanche D. Fenton, '08. 

Flint, Mich., Arthur J. Reynolds, 'o3h. 

Fort Wayne, Ind., Edward G. Hoffman, *03l. 

Galesburg, 111., Mrs. Arthur C. Roberts, '97. 

Gary, Ind., John O. Butler, 'o2d. 

Grand Rapids, Mich., Dr. John R. Rogers, '90, 

Grand Rapids Alumnae Association, Marion N. 
Frost, '10, 627 Fountain St., N. E. 

Greenville (Montcalm County), C. Sophus John- 
son, 'lol. 
on next page) 

Digitized by L:f OOQIC 



Hastings, (Barry Co.)f Mich., M. E. Osborne, *o6. 
Hillsdale (Hillsdale (Jounty), Mich., Z. Beatrice 

Haskins, Mosherville, Mich. 
Honolulu, T. H., Vitaro Mitamura, '09m. 
Idaho Association, Clare S. Hunter, 1*06-' 10, 

Idaho Bldg., Boise, Id. 
Indianapolis, Ind., Laura Donnan, '79, 216 N. 

Capitol Ave. 
Ingham County, Charles S. Robinson, '07, East 

Lansink', Mich. 
Ionia, Mich. (Ionia Co.), Mrs. Mary Jackson 

Bates, '89-'92. 
Iowa Association, Orville S. Franklin, '03I, Young- 

ernian Bldg.. Des Moines. 
Ironwood, Mich^ Ralph Hicks, '92-'93, '990. 
Ithaca, Mich, ((jratiot Co.), Judge Kelly S. Searl, 

Jackson, Mich. (Jackson County), George H. 

Curtis, '04. 
Kansas Citv, Mo., William P. Pinkerton, 'iil, 

Scarritt Bld^. 
Kalamazoo, Mich., Andrew Lenderink, 'o8e. 
Lima. Ohio, Ralph P. Mackenzie, 'iil. Holmes 

Los Angeles, Calif. (Association of Southern Cali- 
fornia), Albert D. Pearcc, '08, '09I, 827 Higgins 
Louisville, Ky., A. Stanley Newhall, '13I, Louis- 
ville Trust Bldg. 
Ludington, Mich. (Mason Co.), T. M. Sawyer, '98, 

Manila, P. I. (Association of the Philippine 

Islands), C^orge A. Malcolm, '04, '06I, care 

of University of the Philippines. 
Manistee, Mich. (Manistee (.0.), Mrs. Winnogene 

R. Scott, *07. 
Manistique, Mich. (Schoolcraft Co.), Hollis H. 

Harshman, 'o6-'d9. 
Marquette* Mich. 

Menominee, Mich., Katherine M. Stiles, 'o5-'d6. 
Milwatikee, Wis. (Wisconsin Association), Henry 

E. McDonnell, 'o4e, 619 Cudahy Apts. 
Minneapolis Alumnae Association, Mrs. Kather- 
ine Anna G«dney, '94d| 180S W. 31 St. 
Missouri Valley, Carl E. Paulson, e'o4-'o7, looi 

Union Pacific Bldg., Omaha, Neb. 
Monroe, Mich. (Monroe Co.), Harry H. Howett, 

A.M. '09. 
Mt. Clemens, Mich., Henry O. Chapoton, '94. 
Mt. Pleasant, Mich., M. Louise Converse, '86, Act- 
ing Secretary. 
Muskegon, Mich. (Muskegon Co.), Lucy N. 

New England Association, Elton J. Bennett, 

762-4 Boston Y. M. C A., Boston, Mass. 
Newport News, Va., Emerv Cox, 'lae, 215 30th St. 
New York City, Wade (ireene, '05I, 55 Liberty 

New York Alumnae, Mrs. Rena Mosher Van 

Slyke, '07, 1018 E. 163d St. 
North Central Ohio, Leo C. Kugel, e*04-'o4, '08, 

North Dakota, William F. Burnett, '05I, Dickin- 
son, N. Dak. 
Northwest, John E. Jimell, '07!, 925 Plymouth 

Bldg., Minneapolis, Minn. 
Oakland County, Allen McLaughlin, 'lod, Pon- 

tiac, Mich. 
Oklahoma, Lucius Babcock, '95-'97» 'ool. El Reno, 

Olympia, Wash., Thomas L. O'Lcary, '08, 'lol. 

Omaha, Neb. See Missouri Valley. 
Oshkosh, Wis. (Fox River Valley Association), 

Aleida J. Peters, '08. 
Owosso, Mich. (Shiawassee County), Leon F. 

Miner, '09. 
Pasadena Alumni Association, Alvick A. Pearson, 

'94, 203 Kendall Bldg. 

Pasadena Alumnae Association, Alice C. Brown, 

'97m, 456 N. Lake St. 
Petoskcy, Mich. (Emmet Co.) Mrs. Minnie W. 

Philadelphia, Pa., William Ralph Hall, '05, 808 

Withcrspoon Bldg. 
Philadelphia Alumnae, Caroline E. De Greene, 

'o^, 140 E. 16 St. 
Philippine Islands, Geo. A. Malcolm, '04, '06I, 

Manila, P. I. 
Pittsburgh, Pa., Ckorge W. Hanson, 'o9e, care of 

Legal Dept., Westinghouse Elec. & Mfg. Co., 

East Pittsburgh. 
Port Huron, Mich. (St. Oair Co. Association), 

Benjamin R. Whipple, *q2. 
Portland, Ore., Junius V. Ohmart, '07I, 701-3 

Broadway Bldg. 
Porto Rico, Pedro del Valle, '91m, San Juan, P. R. 
Providence, R. I. (Rhode Island Association), 

Harold R. Curtis, '12I. Turks Head Bldg. 
Rochester, N. Y., Ralph H. CuUey, '10, 514 

Wilder Bldg. 
Rocky Mountain Association, Howard W. Wilson, 

'13, Interstate Trust Co., Denver, Colo. 
Saginaw, Mich., Robert H. Cook, '98-'o2, '06I, 516 

Thompson Street. 
Saginaw Valley Alumnae Association, Mrs. Floyd 

Randall, '09, 200 S. Walnut St., Bay City. 
Salt Lake (^ity, Utah, William E. Kydalch, 'ool. 

Boyd Park Bldg. 
San Diego, Calif., Edwin H. Crabtree, '12m, Mc- 

Necce Bldg. 
San Francisco, Calif., Inman Sealby, *i2l, 2475 

Pacific Ave. 
Schnectady, N. Y., J. Edward Kearns, e'oo-*oi, 

126 Glenwood Blvd. 
Seattle, Wash., Frank S. Hall, 'o2-'o4i University 

of Washington Museum. 
St Ignace, Mich. (Mackinac Co.), Frank E. Dun- 

ster, 'o6d. 
St. Johns, Mich. (Clinton Co.), Frank P. Buck, '06. 
St. Louis, Mo., (George D. Harris, '99I, 1626 Pierce 

St. Louis. Mo. (Alumnae Association), Mrs. 

Maude Staieer Steiner, '10, 5338 Bartmer Ave. 
St. Paul and Minneapolis. See Northwest. 
Sault Ste. Marie, Mich. (Chippewa Co.), Oorge 

A. ()sborn, '08. 
South Bend, Ind., Miller Guy, '95^. 
Southern Kansas, George Gardner, '07I, 9^9 Bea- 
con Bldff., Wichita, Kan. 
Spokane, Wash., Ernest D. Wcller, *o81. The 

Springfield, 111., Robert E. Fitzgerald, r99-'o3» 

Booth Bldg. 
Tacoma, Wash., Jesse L. Snapp, 407 California 

Terre Haute, Ind., C^rge E. Osburn, '06I, 9 Nay- 

lor-Cox Bldg. 
Toledo, O., Robert G. Young, '08I, 839 Spitzcr 

Tokyo, Japan, Taka Kawada, '94, care JapaA Mail 

Steamship Co. 
Traverse City (Grand Traverse, Kalkaska, and 

Leelenau Counties), Dr. Sara T. (^ase, 'oom. 
University of Illinois. 

Upper Peninsula, George P. Edmunds, '08I, Manis- 
tique, Mich. 
Van Buren County, Harold B. Lawrence, e*o8-*ii, 

Decatur, Mich. 
Vicksburg, Mich., Mary Dennis Follmer, '02. 
Washington, D. C, Minott E. Porter, '936, 51 R 

street, N. E. 
Wichita, Kan., George (iardner, '07I, First Nat'l 

Bk. Bldg. 
Winona, Minn., E. O. Holland, '92, 276 Center 

Youngstown, Ohio, Dudley R. Kennedy, '08I, 

Stambaugh Bldg. 


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JAMES R. ANGELL, '90 (appointed at large )« Secretary of the Committee . University of Chicago 

EARL D. BABST, '93. '94! New York City 

LAWRENCE MAXWELL. '74. LL.D. '04 Cincinnati, Ohio 

WALTER S. RUSSEL, *7S Detroit. Mich. 

JAMES M. CROSBY, 'gie Grand Rapids, Mich. 

PROFESSOR G. CARL HUBER. 'S/m (appointed at large) .... Ann Arbor. Mich. 

DUANE E. FOX, '81 Washington, D. C 

V. H. LANE. *74*» '78I. President of the General Alumni Association . Chairman of the Council 

WILFRED B. SHAW. '04, General Secretary of the Alumni Association 

Secretary of the Council 

Battle Creek, Mich., William G. Coburn, V- 
Buffalo. N. Y., John A. Van Arsdale, '91, '92I, 

4 Soldiers Place. 
Canton, Alliance, Massillon, New Philadelphia, 

and Counties of Stark and Tuscarawas, (jhio, 

Wendell A. Herbruck. '09I, 608 Courtland Bldg.. 

Canton, Ohio. 
Central Illinois, Harry L. Patton, 'lol. 937 S. 

4th St, Springfield, 111. 
Charlotte, Mich., Edward P. Hopkins, '03. 
Chicago, 111. (Chicago Alumnae Association) 

Marion Watrous Angell. '91, 5759 Washington 

Chicago, 111., Robert P. Lamont, '9ie, 1607 Com. 

NaU. Bank Bldg. ; Wm. D. McKenzie, '96, Hub- 
bard Woods, 111.; George N. Carman, '81, Lewis 

Inst.; James B. Herrick, '82, A.M. (hon.) '07, 

221 Ashland Blvd. 
Cincinnati, Ohio, Judge Lawrence Maxwell, '74> 

LL.D. '04. I W. 4th St. 
Cleveland, O.. Harrison B. McGraw, '91, '92I, 

1324 Citizens Bldg. 
Copper Country, Edith Margaret Snell, '09, care 

High School, Hancock, Mich. 
Dcs Moines, Iowa. Eugene D. Perry, *o3l, 217 

Youngerman BIk. 
Detroit (Association of U. of M. Women), Gene- 
vieve K. Duffy, '93, A.M. '94, 7 Marston Court. 
Detroit, Mich., Levi L. Barbour, '63, '65I, 661 

Woodward Ave. ; Walter S. Russel, '75, Russel 

Wheel & Foundry Co. ; Fred G. Dewey, '02, 610 

Moffat Bldg. 
Duluth, Minn., James H. Whitely, '92I, First 

National Bank Bldg. 
Erie, Pa., David A. Sawdey, '76I. *77-*7^t 602 

Masonic Temple. 
Fort Wayne, Ind., Edward G. Hoffman, *o3l. 
Grand Rapids, Mich., James M. Crosby, '9ie. 

Kent Hill. 
Grand Traverse, Kalkaska, and Leelanau Counties, 

Dr. James B. Martin, '81 m. Traverse City, Mich. 
Ironwood, Mich., Dr. Lester O. Houghten, 'o6m. 
Idaho Association, Clare S. Hunter, 1*06-' 10, 

Idaho Bldg.. Boise, Id. 
Kalamazoo, Mich., T. Paul Hickey, Western State 

Normal School. 
Kansas City, Mo., Delbert J. Haff, '84, '861, 906 

Commerce Bldg. 
Lansing, Mich., Charles S. Robinson, '07, East 

Lansing, Mich. 

Lima, Ohio, William B. Kirk, '07I. 

Los Angeles, Calif., Alfred J. Scott, '82m, 628 
Auditorium; James W. McKinley, '79f 434 P- E. 

Manila, P. I., E. Finley Johnson, '90I, LL.M. *9i. 

Manistee, Mich. 

Milwaukee, Wis., Paul D. Durant, '95I, 902 Wells 

Missouri Vallev, Charles G. McDonald, 'ool, 615 
Brandeis Bld^., Omaha. 

Minneapolis, Minn., Winthrop B. Chamberlain, 
'84, The Minneapolis Journal. 

New York (U. of M. Women's Club of N. Y.) 
Mrs. Mildred Weed Goodrich, *96«'97, 161 Hen- 
ry St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

New York; N. Y., Dr. Royal S. Copeland, '89h. 
63rd St. and Ave. A. ; Stanlev D. McGraw, '92, 
ill Broadway; Earl D. Babst, '93, '94I, 409 
W. isth St. 

Phoenix, Arizona, Dr. James M. Swetnam, *7om, 
8 N. 2nd Ave. 

Pittsburgh, Pa., James G. Hays, '86, '87I, 606 
Bakewell Bldg. 

Port Huron, \fich. (St. Clair Co.), William L. 
Jenks. '78. 

Portland, Ore., James L. Conley, *o61, 439 Cham- 
ber of Commerce. 

Porto Rico, Horace G. Prettyman, '85, Ann 

Rochester, N, Y., John R. Williams, '03m, 388 
Monroe Ave. 

Rocky Mountain Association, Abram H. Felker, 
•02, '04I, 318 LaCourt Hotel, Denver, Colo. 

Saginaw, Mich., Earl F. Wilson, '94, 603 Bear- 
inger Bldg. 

Saginaw Valley Alumnae Association, Mrs. Geo. 
L. Burrows, '89, 10 13 N. Mich. Ave., Saginaw, 

Schenectady, N. Y., Francis J. Seabolt, '97e, 609 
Union Ave. 

Seattle, Wash., William T. Perkins, '84I, 203 
Pioneer Blk. ; James T. Lawler, '981, 963 Em- 
pire Bldg. 

St. Louis, Mo., Horton C. Ryan, '93, Webster 
Groves Sta., St. Louis Mo. 

Southern Kansas, George Gardner, '07I, 929 
Beacon Bldg., Wichita, Kans. 

Washington, D. C, Duane E. Fox, '81, Washing- 
ton Loan & Trust Bldg. 

Digitized by L:f OOQIC 

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Michigan Alumnus 

Vol. XXI. 

OCTOBER. 1914 

No. 197 


While personal aC- 
MICHICANAND counts of many of 
THE WAR the members of the 

Faculty who spent 
their summer abroad have brought 
the terrible event in Europe close to 
Ann Arbor, yet the war has incon- 
venienced the University very little. 
The latter days of September saw al- 
most all the members of the Faculty 
back at work safely, though one, Mr. 
Rene Talamon, instructor in French, 
who was spending his honeymoon at 
his home in Paris, is now at the front 
with the French army. His wife, who 
was Miss Beatrice Underwood, of 
Nashville, Tennessee, is with his fam- 
ilv in Paris. Several members of the 
Faculty experienced difficulties in se- 
curing accommodations home, but all 
were able to get through, and almost 
universally deny undue hardship. 
Dean John O. Reed, '85, who has 
been living in Germany for the past 
two years, on account of ill health, is 
now at Jena, and Professor and Mrs. 
Scott, who were in Germany when the 
war broke out, found some difficulty 
in leaving, but reached Ann Arbor 
early in October. (S. The shortage of 
chemicals and medicine, due to the 
\rar, has been felt in the Departments 
of Chemistry and Medicine, though 
classes will be held as usual in Chem- 
istry, for the first semester at least. 
It is hoped that by the end of that 
time substitutes may be found for the 
necessary materials. Glassware and 
special surgical instruments are also 

difficult, if not impossible, to secure. 
The lack of certain special chemicals 
and medicines, and many of the dyes 
that are used in the preparation of 
microscopic slides will greatly hamper 
the work in many courses. Cl^The Uni- 
versity Library, too, has felt the force 
of the war. Practically all of the Ger- 
man scientific publications, and many 
of the French, have ceased. Orders 
for books, however, are still being re- 
ceived by certain of the publishing 
houses in Leipsic, subject to future 
delivery. The French correspondents 
of the Library have practically closed 
their business, and there will be little 
received from either France or Ger- 
many during the war. If the war 
should extend over several years, the 
LTniversity will undoubtedly be seri- 
ously inconvenienced in places where 
so far there has been little undue in- 

It is rather an irony 
TO THE MEMORY of fate to be immor- 
OF LEO talized in bronze, and 

then to be presented 
to the public under the wrong name. 
And this is what almost befell the 
four-footed companion of President 
Tappan in the bronze portrait which 
was unveiled last June, through the 
mistake of The Alumnus. His name 
was not Nero, but Leo, much more 
fitting when one comes to think of it, 
and we are very glad to make the cor- 
rection. (S, No portrait painted in the 

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memory of Dr. Tappan's students is 
complete without this faithful friend. 
How strong was the bond between 
the two may be gathered from a letter 
from President Tappan to Dr. Cory- 
don L. Ford in 1865, which was pub- 
lished in The Alumnus for October, 
1912. President Tappan says: "My 
old dog Leo, who died the last sum- 
mer I spent in Michigan, and whom 
I buried under a tree in my garden, 
often comes up before me when I sit 
alone and he seems to lay his head on 
my knee again and to look up into 
my face with his gentle, knowing eyes, 
and I feel as one feels when he recalls 
the tender memory of a departed 
friend. I know not how far you have 
gone in these matters, or what your 
experience has been. To me the rela- 
tions between us and the domestic 
animals is a subject of deep interest 
and a home seems hardly complete 
without them." 

Michigan's coming 
OCT. 31; MICHIGAN game with Harvard 
vs. HARVARD has aroused enthusi- 
asm as has no other 
game in years. In spite of the logic 
of circumstances and difficulties which 
on paper at least seem decidedly 
against the Varsity, the general spirit 
is surprisingly confident. That is of 
course as it should be. If we are go- 
ing to play Harvard, we must meet 
her with a belief that we are going 
to win. I^et the prognostications of 
the critics and the careful balancing 
of teams by the "armchair strategists" 
pass. There are some things which 
enter into the make-up of a team that 
cannot be measured — ^the spirit of the 
players, the morale, to quote a phrase 
used much these days, a certain ag- 
gressive spirit, a daring, which we 
believe our men have. C^lt is just here, 
we believe, that the secret of Mr. 
Yost's success as a coach lies. The 
game will probably reveal the strength 
of western aggressive play, but it will 

be decidedly important for Michigan 
to have a line which can stand against 
Harvard's weight. This, of course, 
was the great problem during the 
early days of the coaching season. 
Practice was under way much earlier 
than ever before, the mid-week games 
have been revived and as a result in 
the first games Michigan appeared to 
have at least two weeks advantage 
over former seasons. Michigan is 
admittedly strong in the backfield. 
Hughitt, Maulbetsch, Splawn, Catlett, 
Gait and a number of competitors 
pressing them hard are all formidable 
players, although somewhat lighter in 
weight than is comfortable. The ex- 
periments of the early season with the 
line were fairly reassuring; good de- 
fensive players seemed, if not exactly 
plentiful, yet available in sufficient 
numbers. But the aggressive oflFense 
on the part of the line, which is going 
to be so necessary, was still a problem 
at the time of this writing. We be- 
lieve, however, that it can be develop- 
ed, that the right men can be found 
and that Michigan will at least give 
a good account of herself. We hope 
she will do more. 

To the alumni the 
FOR THOSE WHO Spectacular qualities 
SEE THE GAME of a game between 
Michigan and Har- 
vard have made a strong appeal. 
There is no doubt but that Michigan 
is going to be represented in force at 
Cambridge. Special trains have been 
planned from many points. Many 
summer vacations have been post- 
poned until this time, and there is no 
doubt the game will be one of the 
best attended in which Michigan has 
ever participated. The Boston alumni 
are planning to entertain the visitors, 
with a smoker and mass meeting on 
the Friday evening before, to which 
all who come from away are invited. 
Further details are given in the an- 
nouncement on page 48. (^ The sug- 

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gestions contained in the letter of 
Merrill S. June, '12/, which is pub- 
lished on another page, should be well 
considered by everyone who plans to 
attend. The cheerleaders will be there, 
and also the pamphlets gfiving the 
**new ones." His suggestion regard- 
ing the character of the cheers desir- 
able in the Harvard Stadium has been 
submitted to the Varsity cheer leader, 
and something will undoubtedly be 
evolved which will be suitable. 

Meanwhile we have 
FOR THOSE WHO a suggestion for the 
ARE LEFT BEHIND stay-at-homes. A few 

thousand of them 
unfortunately, will be left. But if they 
can't be at the game, they can gather 
to receive returns. We have a large 
number of local alumni associations, 
and many of them hold weekly or 
monthly meetings. Why not plan one 
meeting for the afternoon of Satur- 
day, October 31 ? If enough of these 
meetings are orgapized, the General 
Association will endeavor to arrange 
for a correspondent and for special 
rates on the wires. Cl^ Or perhaps you 
have no local association. Then or- 
ganize one, and write to the General 
Association. The time is short after 
you receive this issue, but it can be 
done. Start your organization at 
once, and write to the General Asso- 
ciation for a list of alumni in your 
locality. It will be sent immediately. 

the recent past, the pendulum has been 
swinging towards the all-inclusive 
A.B., though of late there have been 
signs of a reaction. The whole ques- 
tion is more than a lining up of con- 
servative and progressive forces. It 
is quite possible that in the long run, 
the progressives will prove to be those 
who insist on a more rigid interpre- 
tation of the A.B., leaving another 
designation for those who elect the 
newer subjects which do not have be- 
hind them the traditions which have 
come to be associated with the Arts 
course. (S. The situation as viewed 
by those who have misgivings over 
the inflated A.B. is well outlined by 
the editor of The Nation in his an- 
nual educational issue. He quotes the 
experience of a member of the faculty 
in one of our universities, who dis- 
covered, in a room where he had ex- 
pected to find a mathematical semin- 
ary, six gas ranges, a complete out- 
fit of pots and pans and in a neighbor- 
ing room, a number of dressmakers' 
forms, while a class in the art of book- 
keeping occupied the floor below, all 
in courses in a college of liberal arts. 
He raises the question whether pro- 
ficiency in the art of cooking, sewing 
or joinery should properly count to- 
wards a degree hitherto reserved 
through long years as a recognition 
of liberal culture. 

One of the great 

THE A.B. DEGREE ^ju^ation seems to be 
symbolized by the 
struggle now going on about the good 
old A.B. degree. There are those who 
believe that it is losing its significance 
in the multiplicity of new vocational 
and broad cultural subjects, which 
in some universities have come 
to replace the old-fashioned insistence 
ttpon the humanities and pure sciences 
with their rigid mental discipline. Cl^In 

Michigan certainly 
THE ARTS DEGREEhas not gone in this 
AT MICHIGAN direction as far as 

some universities, 
even though our writer does call at- 
tention to the fact that one cannot 
avail one's self of the services of a 
^'tonsorial artist'' in Michigan without 
being faced by a certificate to the fact 
that he has successfully passed his 
examination. The statement that this 
examination is not given in the state 
university does not perhaps entirely 
do away with a possible inference 
that Michigan is one of the colleges 

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under discussion in this matter. 
(H Nevertheless, we believe that the 
A.B. at Michigan contains something 
of its old prestige, and is in a way to 
regain more. There was a certain 
tightness and rigidity in the old re- 
quirements which were not in har- 
mony with modem progress. Per- 
haps in the past we wandered too far 
afield, though we have surely not been 
as venturesome as some of our con- 
temporaries, but the result may not 
be entirely unfortunate, if we bring 
back to the old ways a certain new 
vigor and correlation of academic 
ways to modem life. To spread the 
degree out so far that it means every- 
thing and nothing would certainly be 
unfortunate. If, as the writer in The 
Nation believes, it is only a question 
of time when the degree of bachelor 
of arts will confer as little distinction 
as a f>assport and less than a life in- 
suraiKe policy, standing neither for 
mental culture nor for useful knowl- 
edge, then it is time for a revision and 
a distinction of educational values and 
a more guarded definition of the lib- 
eral culture he demands. The sug- 
gested remedy is surely simple, merely 
to ensure that the courses leading to 
the degree of A.B. be of proved in- 
tellectual content. 

Public opinion in Ann 
THE DORMITORY Arbor of late has be- 
QUESTION come quite conscious 

of the rooming ques- 
tion for students. We are beginning 
to see that it is one of the pressing 
problems of the present. A solution 
has begun, where it should properly 
begin, with the halls of residence for 
freshman women. Here necessity was 
particularly pressing. But the needs 
of the men are almost as insistent, 
particularly so now that the fraterni- 
ties are not permitted to have their 
freshmen in the fraternity houses. 
CF, In discussing the new freshman 

dormitories at Harvard, the editor of 
The Nation, in a recent issue, recalls 
the hopeless loneliness of the fresh- 
man's first plunge into college life, 
"without friends or ties, and a bed- 
room in some cheap frame boarding 
house." If that is tme at Harvard, 
it is doubly tme at Michigan. Har- 
vard has tackled the problem aggres- 
sively, and, in the opinion of the writ- 
er just quoted, this establishment of 
freshman dormitories is by all odds 
President Lowell's most important 
undertaking. CD, The new dormitories 
are opened this fall. They consist of 
nine buildings in three groups, each 
group consisting of three dormitories, 
with a common dining room and living 
room in the center one. We probably 
cannot realize just what benefits 
would come to the student body at 
Ann Arbor if the freshmen were 
started in this way, but its first eflFect 
would certainly be democratization 
and an equality which we need. Even 
more important, it would better in- 
finitely living conditions. CD, Michigan, 
almost more than any other university 
is suflFering tmder an antique system, 
patterned after the German universi- 
ties, where the students room out 
among the townsfolk. This was all 
right in the early days when the Uni- 
versity was small and the town was 
large enough to accommodate the stu- 
dents. But the rapid growth of the 
University in late years has brought 
about a condition that is becoming in- 
tolerable. Recent investigations have 
shown that a dormitory can be built 
as a paying investments and still offer 
accommodations at a reasonable price 
to the students. Even at Cambridge, 
where prices are probably higher than 
at Ann Arbor, the meals are to be 
fumished at about five dollars a week, 
and the rooms are to cost from thirty- 
five to two hundred and twenty-five 
dollars a year, certainly not an ex- 
travagant scale, even for Michigan. 
The need at Michigan in this respect 
is as imperative as that at Harvard. 

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Work on the new 
FOR THE FRESH- halls fof the women 
MAN GIRLS is progressing rapid- 

ly. The walls of the 
Helen Handy Newberry Hall, on 
State Street, opposite University Hall, 
are well up, and some idea of the ap- 
pearance of the building can already 
be obtained. The other larger dormi- 
tory, the gift of an unknown donor, 
is progressing somewhat more slowly, 
simply from the fact that it is so much 
larger. Nevertheless, the steel con- 
struction is well above the ground 
level, and the walls are beginning to 
rise. Both buildings will be complet- 
ed for use next year. CD, Meanwhile, 
the University has not b^en waiting 
for the new buildings to welcome the 
freshman girls. Extra efforts have 
been made this past year to get in 
touch with all who were coming to the 
University, and practically every 
freshman who had signified her inten- 
tion of doing so received at least three 
letters from a member of the junior 
girls' advisory board, giving her help, 
advice and useful hints. This organi- 
zation has also taken one of the rooms 
on the second floor of University Hall 
as its headquarters, and a corps of 
junior girls are on hand constantly to 
help and advise the newcomers. In 
fact, nothing has been neglected which 
would ensure the freshman's starting 
right. Next ye^ar the situation will 
be even more favorable, with the new 
dormitories added to the long list of 
approved rooming houses for Univer- 
sity women. 

From the August 
SOME ALUMNI number of The Mich- 
ARE PLEASED igan Bulletin, "of, by 
and for Michigan 
men of Chicago," we take pleasure in 
quoting the following appreciation of 
the efforts of the University and the 
Alumni Association last Commence- 

Alumni may well feel gratified by the 
improvement noticeable in Commencement 

Week conditions at the University. Com- 
mencement is no longer the dreary affair 
of the past. 

The authorities have long recognized 
the necessity of making the proceedings 
more attractive and entertaining if alum- 
ni interest and attendance were to be in- 
creased. Hence the June ball games with 
Pennsylvania, which have proved a most 
successful experiment, supplying, as they 
do, an element of the highest interest to 
alumni, most of whom enjoy few oppor- 
tunities to see a Michigan team in action. 

The Mass Meeting in Hill Memorial, 
followed by the procession of alumni, led 
by the "M men" and the Michigan band, 
a splendid organization as re-organized, 
is another new feature which has great 
possibilities and should be made an an- 
nual event. 

Other significant changes can be ob- 
served. In shoft, on every hand it is 
apparent that concerted effort is being 
made to accomplish the purposes alluded 
to, and it must be said that a very grati- 
fying measure of success has been gained. 
Much remains to be done, doubtless, for 
a revolution of this sort cannot be ac- 
complished in a short time, but if this 
purpose continues to animate those in 
charge Commencement at Michigan bids 
fair to become the controlling factor in 
the University's campaign to knit more 
closely the bonds uniting herself and her 

One of the most noticeable of the re- 
cent developments incident to Commence- 
ment is the so-called "Graduates' Club," 
an exclusively social institution which 
holds two or three evening meetings dur- 
ing Commencement Week in the old skat- 
ing rink, and whose purpose is to furnish 
visiting alumni an opportunity to meet 
and refresh themselves with song, etc., 
free from restrictions and formality. For 
the conception and launching of this 
project we are indebted to the enterprise 
of certain well-known alumni, resident in 
Ann Arbor. 

Now is the time to 
NOW FOR REUN- make plans for the 
IONS IN 1915 reunions next June. 

It is not a minute to 
early to begin to stir things up. The 
last Commencement season was unus- 
ually successful, as the foregoing 

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shows, but there is no reason why we 
should not have twice as much enthu- 
siasm next year. In the first place, 
remember the date, June 22 and 23, 
1915, and plan to be there, particular- 
ly if your class is due to hold a re- 
union. According to the Dix sched- 
ule, the following classes are due to 
meet: '13, '02, '01. '00, '99, '83, '82, 
'81, '80, ^64, '63, *62, '61. CD; There 
are some classes, however, which 
still prefer to adhere to the old 
schedule. In that case, it will be those 

whose year ends in 5 or o. If your 
class plans to hold a reunion, you will 
probably hear from your class secre- 
tary soon, but if you have no word, 
or if you belong to one of those class- 
es who have no class secretary, we 
recommend that the individual mem- 
bers of the class get busy. Write to 
the General Secretary, and he will see 
that a class secret4r>' is appointed. 
There is no reason why we shouldn't 
have thirty or forty class reunions 
next June. 


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Dean John O. Reed, '85, who has 
been abroad on leave for several years 
past in an attempt to regain his health, 
has resigned as Dean of the Literary 
Department. Professor John R. Ef- 
finger, '91, who has filled Dean Reed's 
place during his absence, has been re- 
tained by the Regents as Acting Dean. 

The Ben Greet Woodland Players 
were in Ann Arbor from July 23 to 
July 25 for their usual Summer 
School engagement, giving five per- 
formances on the Campus. The plays 
presented were "Masques and Faces," 
by Charles Reade and Tom Taylor; 
"Twelfth Night"; "A Midsummer 
Night's Dream"; "As You Like- It'; 
and "The Tempest." 

Principal Jesse B. Davis, of the 
Grand Rapids Central High School, 
gave a series of five lectures on the 
different phases of vocational training 
from July 20 to 25 inclusive, as a part 
of the Summer Session lecture pro- 
gram. Mr. I>avis' subjects included: 
"The Vocational Guidance Move- 
ment:" "Vocational and Moral Guid- 
ance — A Problem of the Public 
Schools, No. I, "Below the High^ 
School:" No. 2, "The High School;" 
"The Vocation Bureau;" and "The 
Practical Application of Moral Guid- 

Walton H. Hamilton, Assistant 
Professor of Political Economy in the 
University, has resigned his position 
to accept an assistant professorship in 
the same subject at the University of 
Chicago. Professor Hamilton has 
taught here for four years, coming to 
the University as an instructor in 
1910. In addition to teaching the ele- 
mentary classes, he has h^d charge of 
the courses in current problems and 
industrial reforms. In his new posi- 
tion. Professor Hamilton will have 
charge of the work in economic theo- 
ry, which is made up for the most 
part of graduate courses. 

The Landscape Department has 
taken over the old botanical gardens 
on the Boulevard, which were found 
inadequate for botanical experiments, 
and plans to transform them into a 
laboratory for advanced students in 
landscape design. This will necessi- 
tate a great amount of work, and ac- 
cording to Professor Tealdi, who is 
supervising the project, it will be a 
year or more before the laboratory 
will be completed and ready for actual 

H. Beach Carpenter, '14, '16/, Rock- 
ford, III, managing editor of The 
Michigan Daily for the coming year, 
and W. Sherwood Field, '15, Grand 
Rapids, business manager, have ap- 
pointed the following members of the 
Daily staff: Fred B. Foulk, '15/, Ann 
Arbor, editor of the Cosmopolitcm 
Student, news editor; T. Hawley 
Tapping, '16/, Peoria, 111., and Francis 
F. McKinney, '16/, Washington, D. 
C, associate editors ; Felix M. Church, 
'14, Ann Arbor, sporting editor. 

Permission has been given provi- 
sionally by the Senate for an extended 
trip for the 1915 Michigan Union 
Opera during the week of spring va- 
cation, April 10 to 19, inclusive. It 
is planned to visit all the nearby 
towns th^t are strong enough in alum- 
ni sentiment, and Manager Heath, of 
the Union, has outlined a tentative 
itinerary which includes visits to 
Grand Rapids, Kalamazoo, South 
Bend, Chicago, Fort Wayne, Toledo 
and Detroit. If the alumni demand is 
strong enough, it is probable that two 
performances will be given in both 
Detroit and Chicago. The Hill Audi- 
torium, will, in all probability, be used 
for the home performances, instead 
of the Whitney Theater, as formerly. 
Comparatively little expense will be 
needed to make the stage of the Audi- 
torium suitable for the production of 
the Opera, and the large hall will en- 
sure accommodations for everyone 
who wishes to attend. 

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It will interest and please many 
alumni to learn that the University 
will profit to the extent of some $192,- 
ocx) annually through the recent re- 
valuation of the vState by the Tax 
Commissioners. The tax is now three- 
eighths of a mill. 

A fellowship carrying a stipend of 
$500 has been established this year at 
the University by the Flavoring Ex- 
tract Manufacturers' Association for 
an independent authoritative scientific 
study of the manufacture and analysis 
of vanilla extract. Dr. Julius O. 
Schlotterbeck, 'Syp, '91, who has this 
fall returned to his professorship in 
the Department of Pharmacy after 
two years leave of absence, is the 
chairman of the committee on Scien- 
tific Research, and is also vice-presi- 
dent of the Association. Samuel H. 
Baer, '96, of the B'lanke-Baer Chem- 
ical Co., St. Louis, is the president of 
the Association. 

At the University of Michigan at 
the present time there are seventeen 
sectional clubs, representing as many 
diflPerent portions of the country. The 
largest club is that composed of stu- 
dents from the State of Illinois, with 
a membership last year of 102, and 
the deans of the Literary and Law 
Departments as honorary members. 
The Dixie Club, made up of students 
whose homes are below the Mason 
and Dixon line, has a membership of 
73, with 16 states represented. One 
hundred and twenty-five students, 
representing 28 countries, make up 
the membership of the Cosmopolitan 
Club. The Thumb Club, made up of 
men coming from the "Thumb" dis- 
trict of Michigan, numbers 60 mem- 
bers ; the Club I^atino Americano, an 
organization of students whose homes 
are located, as its name indicates, in 
the Latin-American countries, has a 
membership of 18; and the Rocky 
Mountain Club, now the Kappa Beta 
Psi fraternity, is made up of 40 men 
representing 12 states west of the 

Mississippi; while in the Dominion 
Club, made up of students from Can- 
ada, are more than a score of mem- 
bers. Among the state clubs are the 
Indiana Club, organized last year, 
with a membership of 60; the New 
York State Club, which is housed in 
its own building, with 30 members; 
and the Kentucky Club, with 35 mem- 
bers. Of the city clubs, that repre- 
senting Grand Rapids is the largest, 
with 64 members. In the Cabinet 
Club, are 26 men whose homes are in 
Washington, and 20 students living 
in BuflFalo have recently organized a 
club. Two Detroit high schools are 
represented in clubs, the Phoenix 
Club, with a membership made up of 
40 graduates from the Detroit West- 
em High School, and the Totem Club, 
with about the same number of alimi- 
ni from the Detroit Eastern High 
School as members. 

From Lieutenant Thomas M. 
Spaulding, '05, now at Washington, 
D. C, The Alumnus has received 
the following tabulation of represen- 
tatives of the LTniversity of Michigan 
in the 1914 edition of ''Who's Who in 
-America," which has recently been 


Literar}' Department 264 

Engineering Department 33 

Medical Department 45 

Law Department 156 

Homoeopathic Department 4 

Dental Department i 

Graduate Department 97 

Total 614 

Counted twice 113 

Non-Graduates 128 

Net Total 629 

The Michigan graduates form 3% of 
the total number of names included 
in the new volume. These figures 
show an increase of 25 over the com- 
pilation made from the 1913 edition, 
when 604 graduates and former stu- 
dents of the University of Michigan 
were included. 

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Dr. Victor C. Vaughan, Dean of 
the Medical Department, was inaugu- 
rated as President of the American 
Medical Association at its sixty-fifth 
annual convention, held at Atlantic 
City in June, succeeding Dr. John A. 
Witherspoon, of Nashville, Tenn. For 
his inaugural address, Dr. Vaughan 
chose the subject **The Service of 
Medicine to Civilization.*' 

That the University Hospital is 
rapidly increasing both in size and 
efficiency is shown by the figures re- 
cently compiled for the year ending 
June 30, 1913. During that time, the 
Hospital cared for 6,803 patients, an 
increase of 1,107 over the previous 
year. Of this number, 791 came from 
outside the State. This increase was 
made possible by the recent extensive 
improvements in the hospital pbnt, 

whereby a larger number of patients 
can be accommodated, and be better 
cared for, than at any time in the his- 
tor\' of the Hospital. The receipts 
for that year from all sources amount- 
ed to $124,928.22, an increase of 
$26,757.86 over 1911-12, but the run- 
ning expenses, nevertheless, exceeded 
the receipts by some $10,000. Seven- 
ty-four beds have been added, making 
the total capacity of the Hospital 374. 
As the State has recently made it pos- 
sible for the judges of probate to refer 
children to the University Hospital at 
their discretion for treatment at state 
expense, thirty-five of the new beds 
were added to the children's ward in 
order to meet this emergency. The 
number of nurses in the training 
school has also been increased from 
100 to 125, and the number of nurses 
in the hospital from 65 to 125. 


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According to figures recently made public by Dean E. H. Kraus, the 
registration for the Summer Session of 1914 proved to be the largest in the 
history of the University. A total of 1,594 students were enrolled, a gain of 
192 over the previous year. With the exception of the Biological Station, 
where only 2^ students were registered, as against 29 in 1913, there were 
substantial increases in every department, the largest being shown in the 
Departments of Engineering and Architecture, in the Graduate Department, 
and in the courses in Library Methods, Embalming and Sanitary Science. 
Ninety-five students were enrolled at the Bogardus Engineering Camp, a 
gain of 35 over previous years; 12 registered for the course in Sanitary 
Science, as against three in 1913, while the unexpectdly large registration 
of 33 in the Library Methods course taxed to the utmost the present facili- 
ties f»r instruction. 

Following is the comparative table of attendance for 1913 and 1914 
in the different departments : 


Literature, Science, and the Arts 663 629 

Enf?ineering and Architecture 365 297 

Medicine and Surgery 147 130 

Law 214 195 

School of Pharmacy 17 15 

Graduate 220 180 

School of Library Methods 33 2^ 

Biological Station 27 29 

Embalming and Sanitary Science 12 3 

Total 1698 1501 

Deduct for names counted twice 104 99 

Net total 1594 1402 

Unusual interest was shown this year in the program of special lectures 
and entertainments. The seventy-two numbers included fifty-two lectures, 
two geological excursions, four recitals by the Department of Oratory, five 
open-air performances by the Ben Greet Woodland Players, six concerts 
in Hill Auditorium by the members of the Faculty of the University School 
of Music, three vistors' nights at the Observatory and the President's an- 
nual reception to the students of the Summer Session. :fn addition to the 
usual lectures by members of the University Faculty, addresses were given 
by Dr. E. S. Buchanan, of Oxford, England; Regent J. E. Beal, of Ann 
Arbor ; Dr. J. L. Snyder, President of the Michigan Agricultural College ; 
Mr. J. B. r^vis. Principal of the Grand Rapids Central High School ; Re- 
gent L. L. Hubbard, of Houghton; Mr. E. C. Warriner, Superintendent 
of Schools of Saginaw, E. S. ; and Dr. C. E. Chadsey, Superintendent of 
Schools of Detroit. 

The Ann Arbor Civic Association also co-operated with the University, 
offering courses in typewriting, stenography and domestic science, and 
conducting an extensive program of popular lectures and entertainments, 
in addition to those offered by the University. 

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The scholastic standing of the fraternities, sororities and other house 
clubs in the University for the year 1913-14 is shown in the third annual 
chart which has just been made public. As a whole, the statistics are en- 
couraging. Comparison with the two previous charts, the second of which 
was published in the October, 1913, Alumnus, is interesting. There is a 
noticeable upward movement on the part of the general fraternities, with 
the average raised from below to just above the C grade, or passing line. 
This, however, is the lowest general average in any classification. The 
chart reveals the fact that all the fraternities are still way below all the 
sororities, with one exception, a sorority in which most of the members are 
from the School of Music. 

Quite noticeable is the improvement in the two tail-enders of previous 
years, Sigma Phi, which is now well above the average grade, advancing to 
ninth place in two years, and Delta Chi, which has risen to just above 
the average in one year. The lead is still held by Kappa Beta Psi, formerly 
known as the Rocky Mountain Club. The highest average in the general 
classifications is that of the "general sororities," with the "other women's 
clubs" not far behind. Both of these classifications are well above the aver- 
age for the entire University, while all the men's organizations are below. 
The average for all unorganized students is slightly above the general 
average, while that of all house clubs is somewhat below, — a, rather signifi- 
cant fact. There has been a slight falling-off in the averages of "women's 
clubs" other than sororities, and for "other men's clubs," which has reduced 
the general average for all house clubs slightly. The average for all unor- 
ganized students has also dropped slightly during the past year. 

In the column where correction was needed the most, that of the gen- 
eral fraternities, the leaders are higher than last year, and the lowest fra- 
ternity is not so low. The general emphasis is rather above the C grade, 
while last year it was considerably below. The rapid rise of the foot of the 
class is a sure indication of the effect of the publication of these charts, 
though it is to be regretted that certain organizations seem contented with 
the average, or worse than average, position, which they hold. The way in 
which the charts have been heeded, however, is a striking commentary on 
the need for some such stimulant for scholarship. The fraternities them- 
selves have become conscious of the need of improvement, and the recent 
organization on their own initiative, of an Inter-fraternity Conference is 
the result. After a series of conferences with the University Senate, the 
fraternities revised their house rules, and of their own accord adopted the 
more stringent regulations regarding rushing and initiating freshmen, which 
were published last year. The upperclassmen also took upon themselves the 
duty of watching closely the work of the lowerclassmen. To aid in these 
efforts for reform the fraternities requested that the comparative standing 
of each fraternity, sorority and other organized groups be made public. 
These charts which are distributed among the different groups, and are 
widely used in rushing and as a spur for lagging students, were the result. 

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-Phi Delta Phi 
-Phi Alpha Delta 





—Kappa Alpha Theta 
—Delta Gamma 

-Pi Beta Phi 

—Alpha Chi Omega 
—Theta Phi Alpha 
-Chi Omega 
—Kappa Kappa Gamma 
—Gamma Phi Beta 
-Alpha Phi 


-Kappa Beta Psi 
-Pi Lambda Phi 





— General Sororities 
—Other Women's Clubs 

— Unorganized Students 

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1 : 



1 \ 

—Gamma Eta Gamma 

-Phi Delta Chi 
—Delta Theta Phi 

c : 



r-Sigma Upsilon Psi 
— DelU Kappa Epsilon 

—Alpha Tau Omega 

-Phi Kappa Sigma 
-Chi Psl 
-Beta Theta Pi 
-Sigma Phi 
—Phi Sigma Tau 
—Delta Upsilon 
-Phi Gamma Delta 

—Alpha Sigma Phi 
-Lambda Chi Alpha 
—Delta Chi 
-Zeta Psi 
—Zeta Beta Tau 

-Phi Chi Delta 

—Sigma Nu 
—Sigma Alpha Epsilon 
—Theta Delta Chi 
-Alpha Delta Phi 
—Sigma Phi Epsilon 
—Kappa Sigma 

—Phi Delta Theta 
-Sigma Chi 

—Psi Upsilon 
—Phi Kappa Psi 
—Delta Tau Delta 

-Bntirt Univtrtlty 

— AU Housa Cuba 

—Other Men'a Clubs 
—Prol. Fraternities 

—General Fraternities 

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The following arrangements have been made by the Athletic Associa- 
tion for the accommodation of Michigan and Pennsylvania alumni and their 
friends in the distribution of seats for the Pennsylvania game on November 
7. All applications for tickets should be made out to P. G. Bartelme, Ann 
Arbor, and mailed at once, as all applications will be filled in the order hi 
which they are received. This is important. In any case, the management 
does not guarantee to furnish the seats in any particular location, although 
if a special stand or section is specified, the sender's wishes will be followed 
as far as possible. When that cannot be done, seats will be assigned in the 
best possible location remaining, at the discretion of the management. All 
applications must be in writing, and should reach the Athletic Association 
on or before October 31 for the Pennsylvania game. The same arrange- 
ments are in force for the Cornell game, which is to be held Saturday, 
November 14, for which applications should reach the Association on or 
before November 7. Remittances must be made by New York, Chicago 
or Detroit exchange, postoffice or express money order, payable to P. G. 
Bartelme. Twelve cents in stamps should be included for return postage 
and registering. 

The prices of reserved seats for both, including admission, are as 
follows : 

Side Bleacher Seats, each $2 .00 

Box Seats from the 20-yard line to the end of the field 

(six seats in each box) each seat ' 3.00 

Box Seats between the 20-yard lines (six seats in ^ich box) 

Each seat 4.00 

Special transportation arrangements will be made by the Michigan Cen- 
tral and Ann Arbor Railroads and the interurban lines, so that there will be 
ample train service from all points where the business warrants. Many 
of these special trains will be run on the Ann Arbor tracks direct to the 

Arrangements have also been made with the Harvard Athletic Asso- 
ciation whereby the University has the privilege of distributing reservations 
for the Harvard game to the Michigan alumni and their friends. This 
will bring Michigan's supporters together in one of the most desirable 
sections of the east side of the Harvard Stadium. Tickets can be secured 
through Mr. Bartelme, and applications should be made directly. Ar- 
rangements are being perfected for a special train leaving Ann Arbor and 
Detroit on Thursday afternoon, arriving in Boston Friday noon. For fur- 
ther particulars, write Mr. L. D. Heusner, Passenger Department, M. C. 
R. R., Detroit, Mich. 


Dr. John Black Johnston, of the class of '93, was on April i appointed 
by the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota as Dean of the 
College of Science, Literature, and the Arts. Although a specialist in com- 

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parative neurology, Dr. Johnston has shown himself well adapted to gen- 
eral executive work, and was really elected by a referendum vote of the 
entire faculty of the college. A discussion of "University Organization*' 
by Dr. Johnston appears on page 20. A biographical sketch follows: 

John Black Johnston was bom on October 3, 1868, at Belle Center, 
Ohio. Entering the University with the class of 1893, ^^ was graduated 
with the degree of Ph.B., receiving his doctor's degree six years later. 
Upon graduation he became assistant, and then instructor in zoology in the 
University, remaining in Ann Arbor until 1899, when he left to become 


Courtesy of the Minnesota Alumni Weekly 

assistant professor of zoology in the University of West Virginia. The 
next year he was made professor in the same subject, and in 1907 
he was called to the University of Minnesota as assistant professor 
of anatomy of the nervous system. Here he has remained, becom- 
ing in 1908 associate professor of comparative neurology, and the 
next year professor of that subject. The summers of 1896 and 
1901 he spent at the Marine Biological Laboratory in further study, 
and the summer of 1904 he was at the Bermuda Biological Station. In 
1904-5 he was a student at the Zoological Station at Naples and the Uni- 
versity of Freiburg. Since 1910 he has acted as secretary of the medical 
faculty, and since 1911 as editor-in-chief of the Research Publications. 

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Dean Johnston has been a frequent contributor to various scientific maga- 
zines, and has written a number of books and papers dealing with his 
specialty. He is a member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Com- 
parative Neurology and a membet* of the International Brain Commission. 
He is a charter member of the Michigan Academy of Science and the Min- 
nesota Neurological Society ; a member of the American Society of Zoolo- 
gists ; the American Naturalists ; the American Association of Anatomists ; 
Sigma Xi ; and is a Fellow in the A. A. A. S. 


Congressman William Graves Sharp, of the law class of 1881, was on 
June 18 confirmed by the Senate as Ambassador to France, succeeding 
Myron T. Herrick, formerly Governor of Ohio. Ambassador Sharp is 


now in Paris, but will not take up his official duties until the present crisis 
is over. 

Bom in Mt. Gilead, Ohio, March 14, 1859, Ambassador Sharp entered 
the Law Department in 1879, graduating two years later. While at the 
University he also spent much of his time in study under Professor C. K. 
Adams, and Professor Moses Coit Tyler. In the succeeding years he has 
kept up his scientific studies, his particular interest being astronomy 
Since leaving the University he has been engaged as a capitalist and 

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manufacturer, principally in the iron and timber industry, and for many 
years was associated with some of the most prominent business men of 
Detroit. He has always taken an absorbing interest in politics, serving as 
prosecuting attorney of Lorain County, Ohio, from 1885-8, and as member 
of Congress from the 14th Ohio District in the 6ist and 626. Congresses. 
Nearly twenty years ago, he was married to Miss Hallie Clough, of Elyria, 
and has five children, one of whom, his namesake, he is preparing for 
admission to the University of Michigan. 


Through the generosity of Mr. Dean C. Worcester, '89, ScD. (hon) 
'14, member of the second Philippine Commission, and until recently 
Secretary of the Interior of the Philippine Islands, the University has 
received a large and very valuable collection of documents relating to the 
Philippine Islands. This gift to the University was made known to the 
Regents at their July meeting through a letter from Mr. Worcester describ- 
ing in some detail the character of the collection. 

The collection represents the work of more than fourteen years of 
service in the Philippines. Some of the documents are printed, many of 
theni are in manuscript, while a considerable number are of a confidential 
nature. Included in the list are notes made on numerous exploring expe- 
ditions into territory pre\'iously unknown or wtvy imperfectly known, un- 
der Mr. Worcester's immediate supervision. They are illustrated with 
numerous photographs which are now of considerable value, and will be- 
come more valuable with the lapse of time. 

There are copies of many of the official letters written during Mr. 
Worcester's incumbency as Secretary of the Interior of the Islands, of 
which he kept separate copies, as well as of many important endorsements. 
These have all been bound by years and indexed. Copies of all documents 
in connection with a number of important questions which provoked more 
or less controversy are also preserved, while there is a fairly complete 
set of official reports and government publications of every description. 
There is also a valuable collection of newspaper clippings dealing with im- 
portant events. 

The only expense to the University connected with this very important 
gift is the actual cost of packing and transportation, of such documents 
as may be transmitted from time to time. There are a few restrictions which 
arise out of the confidential nature of some of the documents, some of 
which will be sealed, and are not to be opened until a date noted on the out- 

In accepting this generous gift, the Board of Regents provided that 
the collection should be amply cared for in the new reserve book stacks 
of the University Library, and that it should be known as the Dean C. 
Worcester Collection of Manuscripts and Books Dealing with the Philipn 

Further provision was made for the copying of a series of selected 
documents, numbering some 250,000, which were captured by the army 

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during the insurrection in the Philippines. These were written in Spanish, 
Spanish cipher, Tagalog or Tagalog cipher and some even in Visayan or 
other native dialects. They had been translated by Major J. R. M. Taylor, 
of the Department of Military Information, who with a corps of assist- 
ants worked for four years translating and classifying them. Major Taylor 
also wrote an important historical narrative covering the last insurrection 
of the Philippines against Spain, the insurrection against the United States 
and the establishment of civil government, supporting his statements by more 
than 1, 800 carefully selected documents which were attached as exhibits. 

It had been originally intended to publish this matter, but the plan was 
abandoned when the type was set and standing. The plates were destroyed, 
but four sets of galley proof had fortunately been taken. One set of these 
proofs, at present the property of Major-General J. F. Bell, is now in 
Mr. Worcester's custody. As the documents are of very great importance 
in adding great understanding of past and present conditions in the Phil- 
ippine Islands, it is suggested by Mr. Worcester that a typewritten copy be 
made of them. Provision was accordingly made by the University for 
copying the matter, which consists of some 987 galleys, the whole forming 
a great addition to the collection. 

In connection with Dean C. Worcester's gift, it is also a pleasure to 
notice a gift to the University of Dr. C. B. de Nancrede, Professor of 
Surgery in the Medical Department, received by the Regents at the same 
meeting. In a letter to the Board Dr. de Nancrede stated that he had a 
number of useful and valuable medical instruments which he desired to 
present to the University Hospital, where he hoped they might prove as 
serviceable as they had in the past. Although they are not now capable of 
being sold for any such amount, the original cost was about $1,000, and it 
would require that sum to duplicate them. Dr. de Nancrede also found that 
he had some hundreds of medical works in his possession which were not 
in the possession of the University Library, and he asked that such books 
as were not duplicates be accepted by the University in order that they 
might be of use to students. Dr. de Nancrede estimates that there are about 
500 volumes in the collection. 


Construction of the concrete football stand has been progressing rap- 
idly all summer long, and was practically complete on September 11. All 
that remained to be done after this date was the placing of a large portion 
of the ten inch plank seats on their concrete pedestals. Half of the stand 
was ready for use at the time of the early games of the season, while the 
whole stand will be dedicated, it is expected, at the Pennsylvania game on 
November 7, 19 14. 

The seats of the stand are arranged somewhat differently from those 
in the stadiums of other universities. For a person of ordinary height 
there will be four inches clearance above any person sitting in front of him. 

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a result obtained by constructing the first eleven rows with 9-inch risers, 
the second eleven with lo-inch risers, the third eleven with ii-inch risers, 
the fourth eleven with 12-inch risers and the last eleven with 13-inch risers. 
This arrangement, which gives the stand a graceful, concave appearance, 
has, according to the athletic authorities, caused a rather amusing rumor 
to be circulated to the effect that the stand was sinking in tlje middle. 

A careful study of the concrete stands and stadiums elsewhere was 
made by the Board in Control of Athletics before the plans for this new 
one were prepared. The Board feels confident that for the purposes in- 
tended, viz., to seat as large a number of people as possible comfortably, 
and to bring them as close as possible to the field of play, the type of this 
new stand is superior to any other, though costing considerably less per 

Some comparative figures with the stands at Yale, Harvard and Chi- 
cago have been prepared by the Association. The capacity of the present 
structure, which is one side of the projected stadium, is 13,200. The 
capacity of the stand partially completed at Chicago is 8,800; for the 
complete stadium at Harvard 39,000, and 61,500 for the "bowl" at Yale. 
Whereas the present structure at Michigan cost $55,000, Yale's will cost 
$550,000, with the others somewhat less. There are 55 rows in the Mich- 
igan stand as against 33 at Chicago, 31 at Harvard and 57 at Yale. The 
distance from the side line of the thirty-first row at Michigan is 104 feet, at 
Chicago 115 feet, at Harvard 106 feet and at Yale 148 feet, while the dis- 
tance from the goal line, if extended across the stand, at Michigan is about 
30 feet, at Chicago about 75 feet, at Harvard about 65 feet and at Yale 
about 30 feet. The final capacity of the stand will be in the neighborhood 
of 52,000, as against 31,000 at Chicago, 46,500 at Harvard, and 61,500 at 
Yale, while the cost will be $275,000. The completed Chicago stand will 
cost about $450,000, while Harvard's, which is not yet entirely complete, 
will be $500,000. 


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This subject has become in recent years one of intense interest. In 
most utterances on the subject the prominent feature is the statement that 
our universities are undemocratic, that they are monarchical institutions in 
a democratic countr)'. This criticism takes various forms. When a uni- 
versity president speaks, the shortcomings of the university are due to the 
fact that the governing board are ignorant, shallow-minded, arrogant and 
headstrong ; that they insist upon deciding matters beyond their knowledge 
and will not be guided by the president. When a university professor 
speaks it is the university presidency which is at fault. Autocracy, blind- 
ness, willfulness, prejudice, partiality, lofty-mindedness, oratorical ability, 
money-getting talents, piety and many other virtues and vices are ascribed 
to our presidents, but in the minds of nearly all writers the presidency is 
an unsatisfactory tool. When an outsider speaks, both president and gov- 
erning board are parts of a vicious organization. 

Let us grant that there is much truth in this. Boards may be unwise ; 
the presidency may be unequal to its responsibilities and opportunities. Yet 
there is a third point of view, a more ifundamental consideration. In the 
American University, as in the Russian political system, the chief difficulty 
is not with the autocrat, but with the bureaucrat. In my opinion, we can 
not go much farther astray than baldly to lay the shortcomings of our uni- 
versities upon the president. As for the presidency, it is part of a great 
system ; the president is the unfortunate occupant of an office. 

Let us see how the matter stands. Any large institution such as one 
of our universities, in order to be successful, must have general aims or 
policies, must have an organization to carry them out, and must secure at 
once the successful operation of each of its subdivisions in its own sphere 
and the co-operation of each of these in the larger ends of the whole. The 
president is given, nominally at least, the responsibility of directing this 
organization in general and the right, when necessity arises, to intervene in 
the conduct of any of the parts in order to make them efficient and to adjust 
their relations with the remainder of the institution. Can. any president do 
this under present conditions? 

To bring about efficient work for desirable ends in any large institution 
certain things are necessary. First, a knowledge of what are the desirable 
aims or ideals for that institution and of how these ideals should be adjusted 
to the conditions of human life and to the life of the particular community 
from time to time. Second, a knowledge on the part of the executive of 
the workings of all parts of the institution and of the abilities of each mem- 
ber of the staff. Third, the possession of actual power by the executive to 
secure the co-operation of all parts in whatever is for the common welfare. 
This is true no matter whether the common welfare is found in the closest 
centralizati on or in the greatest freedom of individual action, no matter 

♦This address was delivered by Dean John Black Johnston (Michigan '93), of- 
the University of Minnesota, before a group of faculty men last November. It 
appeared in Science last December and in the Minnesota Alumni Weekly of April 13, 
1914, — Editor. 

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whether the executive is a president or a committee or takes some other 
form. Our universities must be organized, must have common ends and 
must exercise executive power, if the only end of that power be to secure 
anarchy. It is my purpose to inquire what is wrong with the present organ- 
ization that our universities should work so badly and that individuals 
should suflfer so in the process. 

Where does a university get its ideals or policies? Necessarily, they 
become the possession of the institution through the expression of ideas or 
opinions by members of the faculty and student body and through the 
acaimulation of such ideas in the form known as traditions. Individuals in 
the university, whether president, instructors or students, necessarily fur- 
nish the ideas out of which common aims are constructed and in accordance 
with which old aims are adjusted to new conditions. Is there at the present 
time any adequate means by which the ideas of individuals can be made 
available for the common good ? Two illustrations will answer the question 
in part. The head of a university department called together his entire 
staff including student assistants to discuss the organization of teaching 
with a view to improving the arrangement and content of the courses of 
study. The whole matter was discussed at two successive meetings, the 
professors talking over various plans without coming to any satisfactory 
conclusion. Instructors and assistants had been asked to think over the 
matter and at the second meeting each one in turn was called upon for sug- 
gestions. One assistant had a plan entirely different from anything that 
had been suggested. He outlined it and showed how it would improve the 
teaching and bring about a better correlation in the work of the department. 
The men of professorial rank criticized the plan severely and the young man 
was made to feel that he was presumptuous in proportion as his plan was 
chimerical. After a rather long interval a third meeting was called. The 
head of the department announced that a plan had been devised, and pro- 
ceeded to outline the identical plan which had been proposed by the assistant. 
It remained in effect for several years. Absolutely no hint of credit or rec- 
ognition was ever given to the young man. Again, an instructor arose in 
general faculty meeting in an arts college in a state university and discusi^ed 
a pending question at some length and with much cogency. His friends 
were filled with apprehension and one of them finally succeeded in signalling 
to the speaker to desist. He was afterwards informed by the dean that men 
below the rank of assistant professor were not expected to debate questions 
in the facuky. Instances might be multiplied to show that great difficulties 
stand in the way of the ideas of young men finding expression or receiving 
consideration in our universities. It is a well-known fact that in many de- 
partments the young men never know what plans are afoot until their 
duties are assigned them. And yet the young men are the only ones who 
can offer any new ideas to their institutions. Let it not be thought that the 
writer has any personal interest in this aspect of the question. He has 
passed the time when he can expect to produce any neiv ideas. Whatever 
new ideas he might have contributed to the universities with which he has 
been connected are lost forever, — unless indeed, ear is still given to what 

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he might have said years ago. Of course, that is precisely what our mode 
of organization means. The university forbids a young man to speak until 
he becomes a professor. Then if he has not forgotten the ideas which came 
to him in the days of his youth and enthusiasm, or if the time for their 
application has not long gone by, the institution is willing to listen to him. 
That ensures conservatism, — but not progress. It means that the university 
never adjusts its ideals to the times but is forever denying itself the infor- 
mation which its individual members could supply. 

If the university is slow and inefficient in securing information as 
to what should be its aims and policies, what about the sources of 
information for the executive as to how those policies are being carried 
out? The president depends for his information first upon the deans of 
colleges and schools, and second, upon the heads of departments. He de- 
pends upon these men also for executive functions under his direction. The 
president must depend upon these men for information, since he can not by 
any possibility know all the details by his own observation. Neither can he 
go personally to all individuals for information. In general the president 
is equally under the necessity of following the advice of his heads of depart- 
ments, since otherwise he would lose their confidence and his only source 
of information. The president instead of being the autocratic monster that 
he is. depicted, is in an almost pitiable situation. Unless he be a man of 
altogether extraordinary energy and strength of purpose, he is wholly at 
the mercy of his heads of departments. So far as the heads of departments 
are honest, wise and possessed of ideals for the common good the president 
is fortunate, and nothing that I may say in this talk can be construed as a 
criticism of such men. But heads of departments are endowed with human 
nature, and it is well known that they exhibit it in the conduct of their 

In one case a department of chemistry was equipped with a great 
amount of expensive glassware and analytical apparatus of which the head 
of the department did not know the uses, while the students' tables were 
almost devoid of ordinary reagent bottles. The younger men in the depart- 
ment were unable for a long time to secure the ordinary equipment needed. 
In other cases men who were drawing full professors' salaries have taken 
their time for outside professional work or for dealing in real estate, coal 
or gas, neglecting their teaching and imposing extra work on the instructors 
to the detriment of both instructors and students. A head of department 
may carry on for years policies which are not approved by a single member 
of his staff; may absent himself from all teaching whatever; may neglect 
to do any research work or contribute anything to the advancement of his 
science; may pursue constantly a policy of selfish material aggrandizement 
for which the department suffers both in the esteem of the university and 
in the decrease of scientific work which the members of staff can do ; may 
deliberately sacrifice the interests of the students to his personal ambitions, 
and may in these ways cause constant friction and great waste of energy 
throughout the college — all this while maintaining a pretense, or even a 
belief, that he is a most public-spirited and useful member of the faculty. 

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The head may conduct his department in such a way as to make research 
impossible and even drive men out of his department because they do re- 
search, all the while that he himself talks of the importance of research. 
Heads may appoint to high positions men who have given no evidence what- 
ever of their qualifications for the woiit proposed. Heads of departments 
and deans have been known to use their offices to secure advancement for 
their personal friends and are able to sidetrack valuable proposals for the 
common good which threaten to compete with their own interests. 

The head of a department enjoys a remarkable liberty in the conduct 
of his department and in the performance of his individual duties. He may 
suppress the individualism of his staff members, ignore any suggestions 
which they may make, and dismiss them if they insist upon their ideas. He 
may falsify the reports as to the teaching and other work done by himself 
and by members of his staff. If subordinate members of the staff have 
different ideas as to the conduct of the departments they are vigorously 
overruled by the head, and if any question of bad policy or of injustice is 
brought to the stage of investigation by the president, that officer is gov- 
erned by the principle that all matters of testimony must be construed by him 
in a light as favorable as possible to the head of the department. The pres- 
ident is bound to do this because he is dependent upon his heads of depart- 
ments for information, advice and executive assistance. The "heads of 
departments" thus become a system which involves the president and from 
the toils of which he can not easily extricate himself. It is a matter of com- 
mon knowledge that in some departments no member of staff is asked for 
his opinions or is encouraged to hold or express independent views, that 
younger members of the faculty commonly dare not express themselves 
publicly or go to the president or dean in matters in which they differ from 
the heads of their departments, and that generally the department head 
assumes that the decision of any question resides with the "responsible 
head,'* regardless of the views of his subordinates. There is no way in 
which the members of staff can influence the policy of their department, 
there is no channel by which the facts can be brought effectively to the 
notice of the president or governing board, and there is no assurance in our 
present form of organization that the welfare of the staff or their opinions 
as to the welfare of the university would receive consideration if opposed 
to the desires of the department head. All this is expressed in common 
university parlance by saying that the head regards the department as his 
personal property and the members of staff as his hired men. 

I believe that a truer statement of the case is this. Some years ago 
each subject was taught by a single professor. The growth in the number 
of students made it necessary to appoint new instructors to assist the pro- 
fessor. At first these assistants were very subordinate in years and experi- 
ence and it was only natural that the responsibility for the work of the 
department should remain with the professor. With further growth of the 
institution the department staff has come to include several instructors and 
professors, each of whom has a primary interest and responsibility in the 
welfare of the department and of the institution. Instead of this being 

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recognized, the full powers of the department have been left in the hands 
of the original head. These heads have in consequence come into control of 
these sources of information to the executive, have jealously guarded their 
great powers, and are able to direct departmental and university policies 
through holding the president in ignorance and their subordinates in con- 
tempt. In other words, university control has come to be vested in a system 
of irresponsible heads of departments. This was what was meant in the 
beginning by saying that the difficulty lies not with the autocrat, but with 
the bureaucrat. More than one well-meaning university president has 
recognized the situation, admitted his powerlessness at critical periods and 
has sought to extricate himself and his university by having recourse to 
private interviews and by appointment of advisory committees. 

If the only evils of this system were that it entails upon the president 
great difficulties of university management and results in the misdirection 
of department affairs and the waste of material resources, it would not be 
so intolerable. Its more serious effects are that it lowers the efficiency and 
the moral and spiritual tone of the whole institution, that it wastes the time 
and energy of whole staffs in order that the head may take his ease or 
satisfy his ambitions. Moreover, taking away from faculty members the 
responsibility for the conception and execution of university policies is the 
best possible way to break down the practical efficiency of these men and 
to reduce the college professor by a process of natural selection to the 
impractical, inexperienced hireling that he is popularly supposed to be. 
Whether this is in part the cause of the wretched teaching which is done 
in our universities and of the lack of standards of work and of character 
for the student, I leave you to judge. 

There is a second unfortunate feature in our university organization 
to which I will give only brief attention. This is the prominence of the 
colleges and schools and the sharp boundaries between them. The colleges 
are not based upon any natural subdivision of knowledge, but upon practical 
or technical grounds. Each college has in view the esteem of its own 
profession and has little sympathy with other colleges which make up the 
university. The ver>^ existence of the colleges creates special interests and 
produces strife which is in no way related to the welfare of the student or 
the general public. Teaching and equipment — apparatus, supplies, library 
— are duplicated, the natural relations of fields of knowledge are subordin- 
ated to the practical application of specific facts and laws, college walls 
and college interests intervene to prevent the student from following co- 
related subjects in which he is in-terested, professional interests and pro- 
fessional ideals begin early to narrow the student's vision and to substitute 
professional tradition and practice for sound judgment and an open mind. 
All this is unfortunate. The professions should foster but not confine their 
apprentices. A student preparing for professional work should have the 
advantage of the traditions and practices prevailing in the profession, but 
those traditions and practices should not constitute limitations on his oppor- 
tunities, his enterprise or his initiative. 

A third evil tendency in pur universities is the growing complexity of 
administrative organization. Good results cannot be secured by relying 

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chiefly on a system of checks and safeguards. These cannot replace cap- 
ability, honesty and a genuine interest in the university's welfare. Checks 
and safeguards can at best only prevent some abuses, while they certainly 
place obstacles in the way of men who would do honest work. It is of doubt- 
ful valive to set a sheep dog to keep cats from killing young chickens — 
especially when the main business of the imiversity is not to raise either 
sheep or chickens, but to rear men. There is a constant danger that good 
men will be obliged to kotow to administrative officials^ who ought to be 
servants but who proclaim themselves masters. To appoint capable men 
and to place confidence in their concordant judgment would at once prevent 
the abuses and secure the desirable ends. 



The functions of a university are three. First, to bring together 
teachers and students under such conditions that the whole field of know- 
ledge is opened to the student and he is offered competent and reliable 
advice and assistance in his studies. The second function arises from the . 
responsibility for the competent direction of the student's work. The uni- 
versity must examine the foundations of its authority by making original 
investigations to test, correct and enlarge the existing body of knowledge. 
No institution which neglects to prosecute research in as many fields as 
practical conditions permit, is worthy of the name of university. The third 
function of a university is to make its store of knowledge practically avail- 
able to its community and patrons and to stimulate in the members and the 
community an interest in the further acquisition of knowledge. 

The university is thus concerned with knowledge and its applications. 
University organization exists for the purpose of securing suitable conditions 
for research and teaching, for the acquisition and the application of knowl- 
edge. Certain of the conditions of successful work in a university may be 
laid down without argument. First, thaft each individual instructor or stu- 
dent should enjoy freedom and bear responsibility in his work, i. e., he 
should be judged by his achievements. Second, the recognition of the facts 
that dealing with knowledge is the central function of the university ; that 
all organization must contribute to this end; that the teacher, the student 
and the research worker are the sole persons of primary value in the 
university ; that all administrative officers are accessory machinery ; that all 
organization should spring from those primarily engaged in the university's 
work ; and that all authority should rest with these and with the community 
which supports the institution. This organic relation of the actual workers 
to the university government is at once a natural right and the foundation 
of that personal interest and enthusiasm which are necessary to successful 
endeavor. Note that I do not say that the instructor and research worker 
should be made to feel that he has an interest in the university organization 
and a part in university policies through his advice and so forth, but that 
the teacher and research worker is in the nature of things the actual source 

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of authority in the university, conditioned only by the relations of the univer- 
sity to its community. 

What, now, is the proper form of university organization, and how can 
it be approached in our state universities? 

The governing board should represent both the community served and 
the university. The people of the state furnish the financial and spiritual 
support for the university and receive the benefits of its work. The sup- 
port can be withheld whenever the returns are unsatisfactory. The interests 
of the people do not require to be protected by the governing board. The 
members of the university faculties contribute their lives and receive in 
return a living wage. It is only with the greatest difficulty that they can 
withdraw their investment in the enterprise. They furnish also the plans 
of work and the expert direction. The nature of the work is such that it 
is essential that the staff should have a free hand in executing its plans 
and should be responsible to the people for its achievements. It seems 
clear that a governing board composed of three members appointed by the 
governor from the state at large, three members elected by university fac- 
ulties from their own number, and the president, would at least not err 
on the side of giving too great autonomy to the university. It is clear that 
complete autonomy would carry with it the danger of losing touch with 
the university's constituency, while the presence of an equal representation 
from the university and the state would free the faculty permanently from 
the stigma of control by "non-scholar trustees." Those present well know, 
however, that boards of the existing type may show an excellent spirit and 

The internal organization of the university should have reference solely 
to efficiency in teaching and research. The organization should be created 
by the members of the staff by virtue of their sovereign powers within 
the institution. The first natural subdivision of the university is that into 
departments based upon the relations of the fields of knowledge. The 
process of subdivision of subjects and creation of new departments has gone 
too far and must be reversed. Under the old order of things the only way 
for a man of parts to gain recognition and influence which he was capable 
of using, was to become the head of a department or the dean of a college. 
This accounts for the creation of many new departments and schools for 
which there was no need. Administration could be simplified, duplication 
of work, apparatus, books and supplies could be avoided, and a closer 
correlation ,and a better spirit and more stimulus to scholarly work could 
be secured by the creation of larger departments based on close relation- 
ship of subject-matter. 

The staff of such large departments might number ten, twenty or more 
men. In the nature of things, the organization within such a department is 
based upon the personal interest of each member of the staff in the success 
and welfare of the department, and its object should be to place the resources 
of the department in the fullest degree at the command of the student and 
to facilitate research. These things can be secured only where there is 
harmony among the staff and where the ideas of the staff are carried out 

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in the administration of the department. Harmony of ideals and executive 
representation can be secured only by the election both of new members of 
the staff and of the administrative head of the department. New members 
of staff should be nominated to the president by those who will be their 
colleagues and who are best able to judge of their fitness for their places. 
The president will of course actively share the responsibility of appoint- 
ments. Pronations should be recommended by the chairman and approved 
by a university committee on promotions. 

All important business should be done in staff meetings. The chair- 
man should administer department affairs according to the decisions and by 
the authority of the staff and should represent the staff in relations with 
other departments. Within the department there should be the greatest 
practicable freedom of the individual in teaching and research, together with 
publicity of results. Subdivision of the field covered by the department, 
organization and assignment of work would be done in staff conference. 
Publicity r^arding the number of elective students, percentage of students 
passed and failed, average grades given, research work accomplished, and so 
forth, would furnish opportunity for comparison, friendly rivalry, self- 
criticism and improvement of the work of each teacher. The first step to- 
ward improvement of organization of state universities would be the organ- 
ization of department staffs to bear the responsibilities and to direct the 
work of the department through an elected chairman. The second step 
would be the gradual combination of smaller into larger departments. 

The next important step would be the breaking down of the boundaries 
between colleges on the side of teaching and investigation, making each 
student perfectly free to study where and what he will, subject only to 
the regulations of departments and to the means of gaining his own ends. 
Some present schools and colleges would take again their proper places as 
departments, the others would be dissolved. 

So far as the present colleges serve a useful purpose, their place would 
be taken by faculties for the supervision of professional and degree courses. 
Each such faculty should be made up of representatives of all departments 
which may offer work toward the given degree, such representatives to act 
under instructions from the staffs of their respective departments. These 
faculties should prescribe requirements for entrance and for graduation, but 
should have no control of finances or of appointments. They should exer- 
cise only an advisory function in regard to the election of studies or the 
student's use of his time. Any faculty might, if it was deemed advisable, 
prescribe final examinations over the whole course of study, or the pre- 
sentation of a thesis, and so forth. Thus we should have an A.B. faculty, 
an IX.B. faculty, an M.D. faculty, and so on, each safeguarding the tradi- 
tions which surround its degree or the standards which should be upheld 
in the profession, but each giving full opportunity to the various departments 
to place before the student new materials, methods and ideals ; and giving 
to the student opportunity to try his powers and extend his acquaintance 
beyond the usual limits laid down by the traditions of his degree or his chosen 
profession. This mode of organization would also make it as easy as pos- 

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sible for the student to change his course in case he found that his choice 
of a profession was unsuited to his individual talents. 

In such an organization the university senate might have somewhat 
enlarged powers and more detailed duties. The administrative functions 
now exercised by the faculties and deans of colleges would in part vanish, 
in larger part be transferred to the several departmental staffs and in part 
devolve upon the senate either in the first instance or through reference 
from departments. The senate would continue to be a court of appeal in 
cases of dispute between faculties or departments. The establishment of 
new degrees or degree-courses would require action of the senate, and 
sweeping changes in any curriculum or the membership of any faculty 
should have the approval of the senate. For example, the university could 
not establish a new school of naval architecture or of mental healing or of 
colonial administration, each leading to its special degree, without the 
sanction of a body representing the whole university. Neither could the 
faculty of arts radically change the character of the course leading to the 
A.B. degree, either by the ingestion or the extrusion of a large group of 
departments, without such action being subject to review by the university 
senate. More need not be said on this phase of the subject. It seems clear 
that with the greater freedom of action on the part of students and de- 
partments, with special faculties laying down regulations for the various 
(iegree-courses, with the elimination of rivalries and strife growing directly 
out of the organization by colleges, the problems of internal correlation and 
control would be greatly simplified and could readily be cared for in a senate 
organized very much as ours is at present. 

Simplification in university work and administration is the crying need 
next to independence and responsibility of the members of the faculty. The 
endless red tape of business administration could be largely done away with 
by the logical completion of the budget system. The budget having been 
made by the governing board, each department should be perfectly free to 
expend its own quota of funds by vote of its staff without supervision or 
approval of anybody — and should be held responsible for the results se- 
cured from year to year. Nobody can know so well how money should be 
expended as the staff who are to use the things purchased, no one knows 
so well where to get things or how to get them promptly when needed, 
none feels so directly and keenly the effects of misuse of money, none will 
so carefully guard its resources as the department itself. The dangers of 
duplication will be set aside by the better correlation of departments already 
suggested. In establishing common storerooms, purchasing agents and the 
like, the first and chief step should be to ask of the members of the staff 
throughout the university, how can the administration help you in your 
work through such agencies as these, instead of thinking how these agencies 
can remove from the departments the ultimate control of their work. Time 
and money may be wasted at a frightful rate through fear to place respon- 
sibility and confidence where they belong — a fear which is well-founded 
on our present system of irresponsible heads of departments. 

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Simplification in the administration of teaching would be favored by 
the dissolution of the colleges and the setting free of the elective system 
under a few simple regulations as to the combination of elementary and 
advanced courses and of major and cognate work which would be neces- 
sary for an academic degree, and as to the prescribed curriculum in a pro- 
fessional course. What is needed is fewer regulations and better teaching ; 
fewer snap courses, fewer substitutions and special dispensations ; less care 
for the poor student and more food for the good student ; less interest in 
sending forth graduates and more measuring up of students against stand- 
ards of honesty, industry and self-judgment. 

Finally, the presidency. Shall the president be elected by the faculty ? 
Shall his actions be subject to review by the senate? Shall he have a veto 
power over the senate? Shall his duties be limited to those of a gentleman, 
orator and representative of university culture, or to those of the business 
agent and manager? The discussion of these questions seems to the writer 
to be of minor importance. With such a governing board and such an 
internal organization as has been briefly outlined, it can scarcely be doubted 
that the president will be representative of his faculty or that he could se- 
cure intelligent action from the board. Nor would it be difficult for the 
president to be a leader in whatever ways he was fitted for leadership or 
in whatever matters leadership was required. It seems to me that the presi- 
dency should be controlled by imwritten rather than by written laws. What 
is essential is that the university have a strong executive; stroi^ in the 
discovery and application of right principles, strong in his reliance upon the 
consent and the support of the governed and strong in the execution of 
their ideals. The remedy for our evils is not to object to a strong executive, 
but to remove the necessity for an arbitrary executive ; not to cry out for 
anarchy, but to introduce self-government. 

Allow me to recapitulate. Our universities are laboring under a bureau- 
cratic form of government in which the initiative rests chiefly with the 
heads of departments, in which there is a constant struggle for power 
among the bureau heads, in which these same heads are the chief source of 
information and advice to the executive, in which most of the faculty have 
no voice in framing policies, and in which — at its worst — the student is 
concerned only to be counted and the public only to be milked. The ex- 
treme of degradation is reached when research is wholly neglected and 
teaching is regarded as only the excuse for material aggrandizement. The 
bad state of aff^airs which we see every now and then in this or that de- 
partment or college in all our universities cannot be regarded as the free 
choice of any average group of men. I cannot conceive of any of these 
things being voted by members of a staff. These conditions are the result 
of arbitrary power placed in the hands of single men without check or 
publicity. Such a system always breeds dishonesty and crime. The remedy 
is to recognize the primary interest of every member of the staff and to 
establish representative government in the university. On the whole and 
in the long run the combined judgment of the members of the staff of any 
department is sufe to be better than that of any individual. Self-govern- 

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ment stimulates individual initiative and calls forth ideas for the common 
good. The enjoyment of freedom and responsibility will make of our 
faculty morally strong and practically efficient men, and will call into the 
profession capable men, men robust in intellect and imagination, instead of 
the weaklings who now barter their souls for shelter from the perils of a 
competitive business world. 

It may be true in a legal sense that the state through the board of 
regents now hires the members of the university faculty. But men to do 
university work cannot be hired. Those of the faculties who now do 
university work do it not because they are paid living wages, but because 
they love the work. It has been one oif the great fallacies of human history 
to suppose that workmen can be hired. When you hire or enslave a man 
you secure only mechanical service. The world's work cannot be done by 
hired muscle alone, but requires personal interest, moral character and 
entire manhood. Slaves survive in their pyramids, their temples and their 
papyri, where their masters have perished. The successful and progressive 
civilizations of today are founded on the freedom and self-satisfaction of 
the individual. The most acute problems of modem society arise out of 
the hiring of men to do work which they would much prefer to do for 
themselves and would do better for themselves. These things bear their 
lessons for universities, if we will heed them. Freedom of speech and 
complete self government are necessary to the best interests of a university. 
A whole staff is together more capable than any one man. Suppression of 
staff members who speak without authority of the head is the suppression 
of truth and initiative. It has resulted and must result in the selection of 
weak men for the faculty and in narrowness, bigotry and provincialism in 
the institution. Self-government will draw strong men into the faculty, 
will stimulate initiative, will make possible and encourage progressive ad- 
ministration, and will brii^ to mental endeavor on the part of both student 
and teacher the freshness of the morning air, the pursuit of a goal of one's 
own choosii^, and satisfaction in the achievement of one's ideals. 

J. B. Johnston. 

University of Minnesota. 

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Many members of the Faculty of the University found themselves 
within the zone of war in Europe on August i when hostilities commenced. 
Though many of them bring back interesting stories of their experiences, 
there were few who were seriously inconvenienced. Many, however, found 
difficulty in obtaining ready cash, and in some cases had to accept steerage 
passage home. Below we print the impressions of a few members of the 
Faculty on their summer experiences. 

Among those who were caught abroad was Eh*. Reuben Peterson, 
who had attended a convention of medical men in his specialty in 
Germany. One of the interesting facts of his stay was the urgent 
warning which he received some time before hostilities commenced 
from some of his medical confreres in Germany. Professor H. P. 
Thieme, of the Department of French, who spent last year in Paris, was 
particularly impressed by the unrest throughout the year in France which 
was quite perceptible as soon as one came into intimate contact with the 
French people. Everywhere an impression that war was impending was 
evident, and there was also an obvious endeavor to enlist the sympathies 
of English-speaking people. Not in the least interesting of the phenomena 
of this period was an evident German propaganda carried on in Paris dur- 
ing the year, not only in business but in literature, art and music, endured, 
but not welcomed by the true Frenchman. 

Professor Thieme was in I.ucerne with his family when the war broke 
out, but was able to reach Paris in time to obtain a comfortable passage 
home. Professor F. N. Scott, who left Ann Arbor early in the summer, 
was in Germany at the outbreak of the war, and returned early in October. 
Professor A. A. Stanley spent practically the whole of the summer in 
England and Scotland. Professor C. H. Van Tyne, who spent last year 
in France as one of the associate lecturers of the American Foundation, 
corroborates Professor Thieme*s impressions. Professor John O. Reed, 
who has been living abroad on account of ill health for the past two years, 
was in Germany at the time the war broke out. He and Mrs. Reed have 
remained, and are now in Jena. Mr. Rene Talamon, instructor in French, 
who was spending his honeymoon this summer in France, was called to the 
front, and is now sous les drapeaux. 

Other members of the Faculty who returned, with interesting accounts 
of their experiences are Registrar A. G. Hall, Professor W. H. Butts, 
Assistant Dean in the Department of Engineering, Professor J. P. Bird, 
Secretary of the Department of Engineering, Dr. F. C. Newcombe, Pro- 
fessor of Botany, Professor and Mrs. J. F. Winter of the Department of 
Greek, H. R. Cross, Professor of Fine Arts, E. R. Turner, Professor of 
History and Mr. F. E. Robbins of the Department of Greek. Professor Wil- 
liam D. Henderson, of the Department of Physics and Mrs. Henderson, and 
Dr. Elsie Seelye Pratt, of the University Health Service. 

Professor Anton Friedrich Greiner, of the Engineering Department, 
who is still a German citizen, was at his home in Germany at the outbreak 

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of the war. He was fortunate in being able to secure passage on the 
Kaiser Wilhelm, which reached New York after an exciting chase by 
English and French cruisers. While German citizens holding permanent 
positions in this country may not be pressed into service, it is possible that 
if he had not been able to leave, he would have been called upon to serve 
in the army. 

A number of students were touring through Europe, but were able 
to reach home without any serious trouble. Bruce D. Bromley, Pontiac, 
'14, with Edwin C. Wilson, '15, Detroit, had just completed a bicycle trip 
through Belgium and Holland when war was declared, but succeeded in 
reaching Paris, and securing passage. H. Beach Carpenter, '14, *i6/, 
Rockford, 111., and Morris A. Milligan, '14, Bradford, Pa., were in London. 
A party composed of Carlton H. Jenks, '15, Port Huron, Wilbur S. David- 
son, '15, Port Huron, Howard M. Warner, '16, Farmington, and West- 
cott T. Smith, 'i^e, Port Huron, who were touring Europe on their wheels, 
had perhaps the most interesting experience. They were in northern France 
when the war began, and found themselves in danger of being held in 
France while the mobilization of the French army was proceeding, with 
the danger also that they might be suspected of being spies. Retracing their 
steps, they were able to purchase in one of the larger towns, four American 
flags, which they strapped to their handle bars, and after several curious 
experiences, succeeded in clearing the danger zone. Among other students 
abroad were John T. Naylon, 15^, Detroit, and Francis T. Russell, '15, 
Grand Rapids, who was traveling through Europe on his motor cycle. 

Paul Scott Mowrer, 'o5-'o8, has been appointed London correspondent 
for the Chicago Daily Nezvs, going to London from Paris, where he has 
been the French correspondent. Mr. Mowrer had considerable experience 
during the Balkan war, when he reported events at the front. 

Professor Morris P. Tilley, of the English Department, had made all 
preparations to leave for Europe when war was declared, having obtained 
leave of absence for the present year. He now plans to spend the year in 
the east, doing research work in the Hbraries there. 


Professor James P. Bird 

Note, The following article was written by Professor Bird while en 
route home, and was published in The Detroit Saturday Night for Septem- 
ber 12. He was a member of a party of twelve who found themselves 
at Lucerne, Switzerland, at the outbreak of the war. They left August 11, 
traveling through France, and spent a fortnight in England and Scotland 
before they sailed for Montreal. 

Three days out on the North Atlantic, with a sea too calm to be interest- 
ing even to the most sensitive, and with only a very limited number of Ger- 
man dreadnoughts stationed along the skyline, wars and rumors of wars 
eliminated by a censored wireless, it is difficult indeed to realize that the 
European nightmare is a reality, in spite of what our eyes have seen from 
one end to the other of three nations in the throes of a world war. 

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When the storm broke, we had just reached Lucerne from Italy, where 
apparently such a thing as a general conflict was not even dreamed of. 
Also at Lucerne, tickets were sold on August i to Amsterdam via Heidel- 
berg or Strassburg. On August 2 the way was closed. It is very significant 
that on July 2J German officers attending, for example, the summer session 
at the University of Neuchatel, and presiunably at other Swiss and at 
French institutions, were ordered home at the beginning of a veiled mo- 

(This was three days before Germany called on Russia to stop fnobilis- 
ing, and four days before she broke off diplomatic relations. — The Editor.) 

Switzerland has been called the nation without a language, a navy or 
an army. A week sufficed to place in the field practically every able-bodied 
man, fully equipped from tip to toe. Every corner, every gateway, every 
public building of Berne had its soldier with bayonet set. Through all the 
principal streets, by night or day, was heard the measured tread of cwn- 
pany after company, off for the frontier accompanied by army trains with 
artillery and stores, leaving only the brave though tearful women, the child- 
ren and the aged to bring in the crops and attend to the business of life. 

Business, for the most part, was at a standstill. All available money 
was needed by the state, so that American travelers' checks could not be 
cashed imder any circumstance. Neither would the suspicious storekeeper 
accept a check for merchandise. The only Swiss with faith undaunted was 
the innkeeper, who would not see us starve and took our checks rather than 

The American consul's office, with two loquacious assistants, was the 
busiest place in town. The invariable advice given was, "Stay where you 
are; it is dangerous to leave; the government is making plans." We stayed 
at Berne six days while the mobilization was going on, then the evening of 
August 1 1 we decided it was get out then or stay all winter, so, armed with 
passports, at 6 the next morning we started our invasion of France via 
Geneva, the only way open. 

We crossed the border at Belgarde, where one poor fellow who had 
left his passport at the hotel, 12 hours away, was sent sorrowfully back. 
The next day the track we had just come over was reported torn up for 
se\'eral miles, while we continued on our long journey of 39 hours to Paris, 
a trip ordinarily made in 12. All the trains of Europe were under govern- 
ment control, and ordinary passengers liable to be set down at any time to 
make room for soldiers. No merchandise of any kind was shipped for 
weeks. Fortunately for us, the mobilization for the moment was north- 
ward, and our greatest inconvenience was the necessity of long stops for 
orders at every station. Added to the uncertainty of continuing our jour- 
ney was the excitement of scores of trains rushing toward the Alsatian 
frontier, a whole train of artillery, for example, then a train of cavalry, 
eight horses, four abreast, facing each other in each tiny four-wheeled box 
car, the men on the straw between them. 

A most interesting thing was to see the trains of wagons and autos of 
every description hurrying to the front. Autos which were not offered were 

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seized, autobusses and delivery trucks by the hundred from the great grocery 
and dry goods firms of Paris were loaded on promiscuously. 

At Dijon we saw a large detachment of Algerian zouaves, varying in 
complexion from a deep tan to a Higgins eternal shade of black, imported 
from Africa to lend their aid, unwilling aid, it would seem, to the cause of 
their adoptive country. A somewhat parallel case would be the importation 
of Filipino troops to fight with ours in an imaginary struggle against 

We reached Paris late at night, no longer gay Paris, but terribly 
desolate; no taxis at the station, no street car, no autobus running, the 
metro service interrupted since 7 p. m., and all restaurants and cafes closed 
at the same hour. Paris was verily deserted, the majority of the stores 
closed ; as in Switzerland, all able-bodied men between the ages of 19 and 
47 either gone or going in a day or two. 

Can one imagine the grand boulevards at Paris hopelessly deserted be- 
fore 10 p. m., the hour when they are usually just beginning to teem with 
reckless pleasure seekers? On the Rue de Rivoli, one of the busiest thor- 
oughfares, at 9 o'clock there was not a vehicle and hardly a person to be 
seen. This outward calm was indicative of the feeling generally noted. 
The temper of the great city was wonderfully even. Those who had gone, 
had gone with joy, but with no levity, and those who remained were fully 
conscious of the terrible situation. On all sides one heard, "The struggle 
may be long, but in the end we shall utterly crush them." Reports of vio- 
lence and rioting in the French capital were absolutely without truth or 
foundation. Paris was as one from the Faubourg St. Antoine to the Pal- 
ace of the Elysees. 

The French people, as the English people, believe that they are fighting 
for self-preservation; that the only hope for final peace in Europe is the 
annihilation of the military power of Prussia, and they are willing and eager 
to give their lives if need be for the future of Europe. 

The awful fact of a general conflict came home to us fully at Boulogne 
while waiting for a boat to England. The first British troops were arriving 
that night, and for hours the splendid fellows marched by our hotel ; infantry 
and artillery, Scots in their kilts with bagpipes playing, the English in 
khaki, with fife and drum, and bugle corps. 

The reception they had from the French was a rousing one, hand 
clasps exchanged as they hurried on, words of good cheer in a foreign 
toi^ue, from the crowds along the line of march, while now and then one 
braver than the rest would seize and greet a cheering maiden with a re- 
sounding smack. We were thrilled through and through as we thought of 
these thousands going to fight in company with foreigners on foreign soil 
against a common foe; going gladly and singing as they marched along, 
**It's a long, long way to Tipperary." 

Here was visible none of the grim determination seen on the faces and 
heard in the voices of the Swiss and French. At Berne, for example, two or 
three of us about to cross a square where army wagons were standing, 
were met by a levelled bayonet. 

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**Woiild yon run me through if I passed ?*' said I with a smile. 

*'Ja Wohl/' was the stout reply, with never a smile. Needless to say, 
we didn't pass. 

But beyond the gay exterior of the English lads and of the bonnie 
Scots, no doubt was found the same determination and the same or a greater 
bravery and daring. 

And when we came to England we found, in high places and in low, a 
wonderful display of resolution to do or die. 

The world knows how loyally the men of Britain, from Inverness to 
Land's End, responded to the call to arms. Also the territorials, the local 
militia, thrilled with the same spirit, many — too many of them — men with 
wives and little children, are volunteering. 

Just one example: In old Bannockbum, out of 400 territorials 384 
have left their all of their own free will for their love of the Empire and 
their king. The same, no doubt, is true throughout the United Kingdom. 
They, with the French, have come to feel that the .whole civilized world 
has a common enemy in the present policy of Germany, and that the future 
peace of Europe can be purchased only at the price of thousands and tens 
of thousands of precious lives. Whatever way one's sympathies may ex- 
tend, he is overwhelmed by the patriotism and bravery of these splendid 
fellows, who dare to die that liberty may live. 

Professor C H. Van Tyne 

Like an obedient slave of the lamp when the editor of The Alumnus 
commands, I hear and obey. He says I am a refugee, and must tell such of 
my experiences as will throw light on the present war problem. The 
most vivid of my impressions on escaping from war-torn Europe is the 
sense of relief from the terrible depression which hangs over one even in 
England. There you cannot escape the awful fascination of it. In London 
the newsboys din it in your ears. At night the seach lights sweep the skies 
in search for Zeppelins and aeroplanes. On every square and in every 
park the new recruits are being drilled. Take an express from London to 
the sea, and you will be hurried past camp after camp, where cavalry and 
artillery go through ceaseless evolutions. If you enter prohibited areas 
you must show your alien papers. Even the magic word American does 
not save you. At the seaside you see the transports gather in the 
evening, chaperoned by a destroyer or a submarine and in the morning they 
have flown. In a few days the red cross ships begin to come in and then 
the papers give out the thrilling stories told by the wounded soldiers in 
the hospitals. At night the harbor is swept by the ominous rays of the 
search lights. Rimior too is always busy with stories of mines sown just 
off the harbor, of the periscope of a German submarine seen by a fishing 
boat, or of a Zeppelin preying upon ships in the channel. There is no escape, 
no respite. You read, think, dream war, and the sense of depression grows 
from day to day. All the horrors of it are not 150 miles from you and the 
spirits are weighed down by its proximity. 

The chief thing that my personal experience in Europe during this last 
year enables me to say about the war is that it was brooding over Europe 

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every moment of that time. When I first arrived, the French and German 
papers were bitterly attacking each other on the subject of the French 
"foreign legion." France was accused of abusing the German soldiers in 
it, and French papers indignantly denied 'every allegation. Then came the 
indiscreet speech of the Greek king, ascribing Greek military success to 
German training. As French officers had trained them, the Gallic press was 
in a rage, and the German journals aroused and taunted it as they well 
knew how. Then came the Saveme affair in Alsace-Lorraine, and nation- 
al hate was displayed to its utmost. Then a German paper accused Russia 
of hastening its preparation for war, which Russian papers denied, and 
French papers criticized the German war mania. Threats and menaces were 
hurled back and forth across the borders, and an outsider could see that 
international nerves were at a very high tension. And yet men went on 
hugging that old delusion that peace was secure because of the great arma- 
ments, and because the interlacing of industrial, economic and financial 
bonds made war unthinkable! Yet all that was needed was the murder of 
the Grand Duke, the. insane folly of Austria, a War Lord too arrogant to 
exercise the necessary international amenities, and the world was in the 
midst of the supreme tragedy of all the ages. 

A year in France convinced me that Frenchmen did not want war. 
While giving the Harvard Foimdation lectures in the French provincial 
universities, I visited nearly every part of France. I talked not only with 
academic men, but with shopkeepers, workmen, with everybody who would 
listen to my wretched French, and the universal answer to my query as to 
whether France wished a war of revenge for the loss of Alsace-Lorraine 
was "No." The only reservation was that if France should be dragged into 
war the lost provinces must be regained. Newspaper and periodicaJ litera- 
ture revealed the same attitude. War was too dreadful to be ventured upon 
for revenge and after all a nation cannot live to avenge the wrongs of a 
former generation. The universal desire was for peace, for disarmament 
if possible, since the burden of preparation for war was becoming unbear- 
able in France. In fact, I am convinced that if war was inevitable in the 
near future it was the greatest fortune for France that it came just at the 
moment when her efforts had reached the maximum, before she was com- 
pelled by sheer economic exhaustion to abandon the race for military super- 

The returning traveller feels more than ever the blessing of being an 
American. Complain as we will of taxation, we know nothing of its burdens. 
No war cloud hangs in our sun-lit skies. Such enemies as we have are too 
remote to touch our imaginations. Neither grinding taxes, nor sickening 
fear, nor consuming hate stain the pure happiness of American life. 

Professor William H. Butts 

The story of a quiet trip to France and Spain on the eve of war, the 
rude shock of nations and the panic of the first month of hostilities are not 
easily described in a few words. The only suggestion of war on the steamer 
New York on her trip to Cherbourg was the unloading of three millions 
O'f American gold and two millions of silver to enrich the war chest of 

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France. While driving to our hotel in Paris we saw a beautiful French 
dirigible floating gracefully over the city in the morning mist but we thought 
of art and beauty, not of war. Monoplanes and biplanes, seen at Chartres 
and in the Chateaux region along the Loire, only aroused wonder and ad- 
miration. The chateaux at Blois, Chambord, Chenonceau, Amboise and 
Tours recalled the conflicts of knights and kings but did not suggest prepara- 
tions to resist modem guns and explosives dropped from heaven. Even in 
this garden-spot of France along the Loire, with its bountiful harvests and 
fruitful vines, everyone complained of excessive taxes and prayed for the 
return of their soldier boys to the farm and the home. Nowhere in France, 
not even in Paris, did we hear the cry "On to Strassburg!" The govern- 
ment and the people apparently had no desire for war. Stopping a day at 
Bordeaux, we were surprised to find a wonderfif! port of entry and a most 
prosperous city, very much like Hamburg in Germany. We little thought 
that within a month this home of the Girondins would be the capital of France 
and the depository of all the gold of the Paris banks. With its modern 
forts and its harbor filled with ships, it is an ideal place of refuge. 

After stopping a day at Biarritz, the premier bathing beach of France, 
we wound our way into the Pyrenees, along a rushing river to the city of 
Lourdes, surpassing in its climate and beautiful setting any city in the 
lower Alps. The first evening we saw a procession of five thousand French 
pilgrims carrying long candles and chanting as they mounted the long, 
winding terrace to the basilica and descended to the beautiful statue of the 
Madonna of Lourdes resplendent with electric lights. With a star-spangled 
background and a gigantic cross on the mountain outlined with powerful 
electric lights, the scene was one never to be forgotten. The second night 
two thousand German pilgrims formed a similar procession, chanting in 
Latin and singing in German. More reserved and dignified in their move- 
ments but not so light hearted, they were Teutonic and not Celtic even in 
religious rites. All drank the healing waters and made their act of contri- 
tion in the same sacred stream but the miraculous cure of warring souls 
was not to be accomplished. 

Our month in Spain from San Sebastian through Burgos and Madrid 
to Granada and back through Valencia to Barcelona was a continuous 
panorama of Spanish and Moorish art and life. We enjoyed the beach 
and sea food at San Sebastian, were overpowered by the grandeur of the 
Burgos cathedral and greatly instructed by studying the wonderful Roman 
aqueduct at Segovia. In Madrid the Prado art gallery impressed us more 
than the louvre or any Italian gallery. The grouping of the masterpieces 
of Murillo, Velasquez, Goya and Titian has no equal. This one gallery is 
worth a trip to Spain. The bull fight in Madrid on a Sunday afternoon 
gave a view of thousands of Spaniards enjoying their national sport, which 
impressed us as superior to football as an exhibition of athletic training and 
dexterity but aroused sympathy for the helpless horses blinded and pushed 
before the enfuriated bulls only to be gored and killed while the riders 
stabbed the bulls in the shoulder and fell awkwardly in the arena. This 
bloody sport is all that remains of the tourney of the Dark Ages and is 

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losing caste with the educated but is demanded by the lower classes. It 
does not seem to make the people cruel or blood-thirsty but acts as a safety 
valve as football does in America. 

In our visit to Toledo, the Spanish Rome on its picturesque hills sur- 
rounded by the yellow Tagiis, we were struck with the maze of winding 
streets so complex that Baedeker could not secure an accurate map of the 
city. Herds of goats and sometimes cows often blocked our way as they 
were driven from door to door delivering milk directly to the housewives. 
In many cities is this delivered from the producer direct to the consumer. 
Thirty miles from Madrid we saw the Escorial, a gigantic stone structure 
of doubtful taste but blending harmoniously with the bleak sierras, — ^a con- 
vent, palace and burial place of kings. The young king never willingly 
visits this pantheon of his ancestors where only one sarcophagus remains 
without its royal tenant. Many besides the king fear that this portends the 
fall of royalty. 

From Madrid to Cordova is a dreary succession of tawny plains and 
nKDuntains covered with ripened grain, relieved at time^ by olive groves but 
otherwise destitute of trees or foliage. The view gets on our nerves and we 
long for trees. The primitive method of threshing the grain by lawn- 
rollers drawn by mules over level areas of even-baked clay, illustrates the 
fact that Spain is a century behind the times in agriculture. The Spaniard 
loves his ease and has little initiative. The French and Belgians own and 
operate the railroads and mines. In Seville we dreaded the temperature 
of 130° in the shade but were comfortable even here In fact, Spain was 
more comfortable than Ann Arbor, owing largely to the dry air, narrow 
streets and thick stone walls of the buildings. In Granada the Alhambra 
on a lofty hill covered with English elms, seemed to us a paradise. The 
noble elms planted by Wellington form a fitting background for the per- 
fection of Moorish art in the Alhambra. A more delightful spot to spend 
a nK)nth in midsummer could not be found. Along eastern Spain from 
Malaga to Barcelona the vineyards and groves of olive, orange and lemon 
trees formed a beautiful foreground for the blue Mediterranean with its 
countless fishing boats. 

Barcelona is the Manchester of Spain with half a million people. We 
found more extensive and finer boulevards than those of Madrid, more 
business and finer views. Here the war broke out and foreign paper ^as 
worthless. Fortunately we engaged the last cabin on the Spanish boat 
sailing for New York September 25. After vainly cabling for cash and 
visiting banks for ten days without success our stateroom was to be for- 
feited when an old Porto Rican friend telegraphed credit from his home in 
Mallorca, giving us pesetas for our return voyage. On August i the gov- 
ernment issued the moratorium by which banks could limit payments to five 
per cent, of deposits. 

In our return voyage our German passengers dropped off at Malaga 
and went by rail to Cadiz to escape capture at Gibraltar where a British 
cruiser chased us until our captain gave assurance that we had no Germans 
on board. On entering New York harbor we agreed with Chauncey Depew 

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who arrived two days earlier. He remarked that he never expected to go 
to heaven but New York was good enough for him. On landing we met 
Bruce Bromley who related the blood-airdling escapes of four Ann Arbor 
students. Two lost their motorcycles and bags near Paris when a crowd 
seized them as German spies and were on the point of shooting them when 
the mayor of the town came to their rescue. Taken all into consideration, 
our trips to Europe were more Jhan usually interesting and exciting. We 
are duly thankful for all our blessings. 

Professor Arthur G. Hall 

Our delightful vacation tour through the British Isles this summer 
was so devoid of spectacular inconveniences that an account of it will seem 
comparatively tame. In company with Professor Elmer E. Powell, (Mich- 
igan, 1885) and his wife and daughter, of Miami University, Mrs. Hall and 
I sailed from Montreal on June 23 and landed in Liverpool on July 4. 
There^Dr. Powell bought an American car. Indeed it seemed that one 
fourth of the cars we met were of American make. The itinerary of our 
two-thousand mile tour, which we carried out as originally planned, was 
briefly as follows: Through Chester and North Wales to Carnarvon and 
back, the Lake District, Scotland, the Cathedral towns, Cambridge and 
Oxford, the Wye valley, northern and southern Devon, and Salisbury and 
the New Forest, followed by a week in London. 

The papers brought aboard by the Liverpool pilot announced the as- 
sassination of the Archduke of Austria. The papers at Cambridge con- 
tained the news of the Austro-Servian trouble. From that time the situ- 
ation on the Continent developed rapidly. The extention for three days of 
the bank holidays, followed by the issue of the crude looking one-pound and 
ten-shilling notes and by other governmental measures completely averted 
a financial panic, and our travellers* checks were good everywhere for face 
value. So too the prompt action of the government Board of Trade kept 
prices normal and prevented extortion. Once when our gasoline supply 
gave out near Salisbury, we paid double price to a passing taxi-cab driver ; 
but such incidents occur where there is no war. 

In several cities near military depots we offered to register as aliens, 
but were informed that as Americans we were welcome to go where we 
pleased. Of course we avoided approaching the military camps on Salis- 
bury Plain and similar places where a foreigner had no business to be. We 
saw little of the war excepting the gathering and marching of troops and 
the sentries at railway bridges. The Britons made it a matter of principle 
to let ordinary affairs go on as usual. This does not mean that they took 
matters lightly: their serious determination was not to be mistaken. In 
London we registered with the American committee at the Savoy Hotel 
and found a Michigan alumnus. Dr. L. C. Bacon, 'gom, of St. Paul, at the 
desk. The important and efficient work of this committee cannot be too 
highly commended throughout America. It was fully recognized in Eng- 
land. For instance The Times gave several columns to it each morning. 

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We sailed from London, or rather Tilbury, on August 21, anchoring 
that night off Sheemess under the guns and searchlights of the battle- 
ships there, and similarly off Plymouth the following night. Our vessel 
carried no freight and the consequent lively motion aggravated attacks of 
seasickness. Four six inch gims mounted on deck served to reassure (?) the 
fearful. We were in continual wireless communication with a British 
cruiser but saw no warships of any sort on the ocean. Our ship was 
filled with passengers, but all the accommodations were as comfortable and 
pleasant as in times of peace. Save for the nervous tension everything went 
as usual. Thus with this exception, we have only the pleasantest memories 
of our simimer's outing. 

Professor Henry C, Adams 

A letter from Professor H. C. Adams, to President Hutchins, dated 
August 16, at Peking, China, announces that the Adams family will sail for 
home from Yokahama on September 26. The war in Europe caused them 
to change their plans r^^rding the return through Europe, and a stay of 
some months in Germany for observations and research in political economy. 

The letter told of the satisfactory termination of Professor Adams' 
work as a member of the Commission for the unification of the railway 
accounts and statistics of the Ministry of Communication, Mr. Adams hav- 
ing been appointed to this Commission nearly two years ago by the Chinese 
government. In part the letter reads as follows: 

"This war has broken entirely my program of travel for which the 
Regents gave me an additional one-half year's leave of absence. While I 
could go through India, perhaps, with some degree of safety, I do not feel 
warranted in returning via Europe. I might go to Manila, but if the Japs 
are going to take a hand in the game, as seems probable from the ultimatum 
just sent to Germany, every mile that brings me nearer to the Pacific 
coast will be a relief. 

"Should the situation change during the next two or three weeks I 
may yet carry out my original plan, but that is not likely, and I have wired 
for accommodations to carry me home from Yokahama on the 26th of 

"This is the second time that the Adams family has started up an 
international war by moving out of the country. We were in Berlin when 
the Spanish-American war broke out. 

"The boys arrived safely a week ago, and are seeing the sights of the 
city. Their trip has been well worth while, and I am impressed anew with 
.ne fact that there are many kinds of an education beside that given by a 

"For myself, the work that I came to do is finished, and seems to have 
met with favor, for in the reorganization of the Ministry of Communica- 
tion it has been made the cornerstone of one of the seven divisions into 
which the ministry is divided. Rather strong inducements have been 
offered to lead me to return for three or four months two years from 
now, which will be the critical period for this entire experiment, but I said 
I could make no promise till I had been home." 

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University News 



Early-season predictions that the 1914 
team would be one of the best which Yost 
has ever given Michig^, were seemingly 
fulfilled in the first game of the season on 
September 30, when the Wolverines over- 
whelmed the eleven from De Pauw Uni- 
versity by the score of 58 to o. 

In this game, which was watched by a 
crowd of over 5,000, the Varsity's backs 
were able to gain nearly at will through the 
defense which the Saturday before had 
held Indiana University to a 13 to 6 score. 
As is customary in early games on Ferry 
Field, Quarterback Hughitt had but a 
small repertoire of plays to use, but every 
one of them proved effective. Yost sent 
in three complete sets of backs, and the 
substitute combinations proved nearly as 
capable as their predecessors in gaming 

Although Coach Yost started his train- 
ing season this fall with four "M'* wearers 
for his backfield, there was just one letter 
man in the team which went onto the field 
to start the game. This man was Ernest 
"Tommy" Hughitt, the quarterback. Two 
sophomores, Maulbetsch and Splawn, and 
a 1913 substitute, Bastian, composed the 
trio of backs. Gait would ordinarily have 
been in Bastian's place had it not been for 
his injured knee, which again threatens to 
impair his effectiveness as ati exceptionally 
good half back. Catlett, an ''M" man, got 
into the battle before it was over and did 
good work. Bushnell, the other letter man, 
sat on the sidelines with an injured foot. 

Michigan carried the ball during prac- 
tically the whole game, and the battle was 
a series of dashes toward successive Wol- 
verine touchdowns. In one instance it re- 
quired but a single play to negotiate the 
6 points. Hughitt had carried the kick-off 
back past the middle of the field. Then 
he called on Splawn for a forward pass, 
the ball going squarely into the waiting 
arms of right end Lyons, who went over 
for a touchdown and a 45-yard gain. It 
was the only successful forward pass of 
the game, the remainder of Michigan's ef- 
forts missing narrowly, while De Pauw's 
all went sadly amiss. 

Maulbetsch made two of the touchdowns 
on short plunges through the line, missing 
a third when he jammed the b^ up against 


an upright instead of past it. This young 
player, who has been the idol of Michigan 
men since the day when he started to play 
football for the Ann Arbor High School, 
showed great promise as a plunger and as 
a defensive player. Siplawn, the dther 
sophomore in the backfield, considered the 
best young kicker ever on Ferry Field, 
punted for long Wolverine gains, and also 

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negotiated a perfect drop-kick from the 27- Hughitt 5. Bastian i, Meal i. Goal from drop 

varH 1iti«> ***<^*^ — Splawn I. Score first quarter — Michigan 7, 

- rrV. . ., r , DePauw o. Second quarter— Michigan 23, Dc- 

rhe game was hardly a test for the Pauw o. Third quarter— Michigan 21. DePauw o. 

Michigan line, about which the most fear Fourth quarter— Michigan 7, DePauw o. Officials 

has been expressed. The players showed a Fr^wn'^'t^.^H^'y^nef^^^PK^iflV MT.^h[^;nHl± 

• • t_*i*^ ^ i¥ ^* L« 1 • 3 brown; iieaa lyinesman, Knignt, Michigan, lime 

surprising ability at effective blocking and of quarters— 12. 10. 12 and 10 min. 

interfering, especially in view of the fact 

that every man, save Lyons and Staatz, i-uAKii-cc im -rucDinirc 

the first ends to start, was playing in a ^^MAlNUt^ IN IHH KUUlC) 

position to which he was a stranger. Nor- Changes in the code of rules governing 

ton, a disappointment of 1913, played a football play have been but few this year, 

strong game when he was given a chance The general tenor of the alterations has been 

toward the end, while every one of the an attempt to prevent some possible abuses 

practically two teams of substitutes who which have arisen, and an evident effort 

went in. played about as effective a game as to allow a crystalization of the modern game 

the first choice men. along the lines which were mapped out 

The line-up and summaries follow: several years ago at the time when the open 

Michigan (58) DePauw (o) s^>'^^ ^^ P^^-^ ^^as first made possible. 

Staatr, Dunne L.K Woodruff The expressed intention of the rules 

Reimann J committee seems to be to follow out this 

pfilbeinerl Northway ^^^^^al policy for several years to come. 

Quail 1 and it is to be expected that, outside of the 

Norton V L.G Sefton minor alterations necessary each year to 

RaT^ford (C) i r iu a.u f^^?^ "^1^ ^""^ unforseen abuses, there will 

Neimann S ^ Meredith Ijp few changes. 

JJ\Jla«-d / „ - Of this type were the alterations made in 

jy^;'/^"f ^'^ Cochran ^h^ ^ode which governed football play in 

Cochran, Hildncr R.T Dunn IQU- The changes number perhaps half 

Lyons J ^ a dozen, but there are two which will have 

D "uSics f ^'^ Sharpc g^^^e little effect on the general type of play 

HugStt!' Zicger O.B Anderson, Bittles throughout the country. The remainder are 

Maulbetsch, Cohn L.H G. Thomas (C) largely aimed at the correction of abuses 

Cat?^" i F. B Ade, Harvey which arose in certain localities. One of the 

Mead ) two more important alterations prevents the 

SiJl!^ I p If n TK«w««. P ^^^^^ occupying a place along the side line, 

n^^l^y \ ^-^ ^' T*'^"^^'' P«="*^*^ making it thus necessary for him to sit on 

Touchdowns-Maulbetsch 2. Splawn 2. Hughitt ^^e bench or in the grand stand. The 

2, Lyons 1, Cohn 1. Goals from touchdown— coach will undoubtedly adopt this latter 

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Other changes provide for the use of a 
field judge in the bigger games, the keep- 
ing absolutely clear of the neutral zone 
between the forward lines of the opposing 
teams, the prohibition of the grounding of 
a forward pass when it seems about to be 
unsuccessful and to result in a loss of 
ground, and the stopping of the play which 
allows of the hiding of a player along the 

It is not expected that the style of the 
game at present played, will be materi- 
ally changed as a result of these few 
changes, but that they will have the further 
effect of simplifying the general type of 
play and will make the rules more intelli- 
gible for both player and spectator. 


plan. While intended to prevent as far as 
possible the direction of the play on the 
field by the coach, the coaches themselves 
believe this change will have but little 
eflFect. Play can still possibly be directed 
by the sending in of substitutes, but it will 
make necessary the planning of a more 
complex system of signals if the coach 
should still desire to have any large share 
in the direction of the play. 

The other change will allow of more 
effective work in the blocking of kicks, in 
that it permits of the kicker's being touched 
after the kick, although it is left with the 
officials to keep this play from becoming 
rough. It is expected that the players will 
charge through for the blocking of kicks 

with more abandon and effectiveness this ERNEST F. HUGHITT, 'isE. 

year. quarterback 

Digitized by 






Sept 30. — DePauw at Ann Arbor. 

OcL 3. — Case at Ann Arbor. 

Oct 7. — Mount Union at Ann Arbor. 

Oct 10. — ^Vanderbilt at Ann Arbor. 

Oct 17. — M. A. C. at Lansing. 

Oct 24. — Syracuse at Syracuse, New York. 

Oct 31. — Harvard at Cambridge, Mass. 

Nov. 7. — Pennsylvania at Ann Arbor. 

Nov. 14. — Cornell at Ann Arbor. 

Applications accompanied by remittances 
for tickets for the M. A. C. and Harvard 
games will be received at the Athletic Asso- 
ciation oflSce, Ann Arbor, after October ist. 
Tickets will be mailed in ample time to 
reach purchaser before day of game. 


Edmon P. McQueen, *!$€, of Lowell, has 
been elected captain of the baseball team 
for the coming year. McQueen has played 
two years at second base on the Varsity 

At the close of the 1914 baseball season, 
*^" hats and sweaters were awarded to 
the following men: Captain Sisler, Fergu- 
son, Baribeau, Quaintance and Davidson, 
IMtchers ; Baer and Hippler, catchers ; How- 
ard, McQueen, Baker, Hughitt and Waltz, 
infielders; Sheehy, Benton and Labadie, 

Arthur W. Kohler, '14, captain of the 
1914 Michigan track team, won first place 
in the hammer throw and third place in the 
discus at the A. A. U. track meet for the 
Central States held on July 4 at Dayton, 
Ohio. Kohler entered under the auspices 
of the Illinois Athletic Association, which 

won the meet. His throw of 164 feet, 6 
inches with the hammer was 7 feet, 3f4 
inches farther than the throw with which 
he won the gold medal at the eastern in- 
tercollegiate this spring. 

Harold L. Smith, *i6, Detroit, has been 
elected Varsity track captain for the com- 
ing year. He is a sprinter and hurdler, 
taking second place in the 220 yard and 
fifth in the lOO yard dash at the intercol- 
legiate meet this spring. He is the only 
sophomore who has ever been chosen cap- 
tain of a Michigan track team. 

The much talked of Varsity "M" Club, 
membership in which is open to any man 
who has won a Varsity **M", was formerly 
organized on Tuesday of Commencement 
Week at a meeting at the Union attended 
by over a hundred of the seven hundred 
"M" men. Henry J. Killilca, '85/, of Mil- 
waukee, who played on the Varsity eleven 
in the early eighties when thcnr tnet Har- 
vard, was made president and vice-presi- 
dents were elected to represent the differ- 
ent branches of the major sports. Con- 
gressman Edwin Denb>', '96/, of Detroit 
was chosen to act as football vice-presi- 
dent. Edmund C Shields, '94, '96/, still 
known as one of the famous Michigan 
pitchers, received the baseball vice-presi- 
dency, and Nelson A. Kellogg, '04, former 
star distance runner, and &t present ath- 
letic director of the University of Iowa, 
was made senior vice-president. The Board 
of Directors consists of William C. John- 
son, '78, Detroit; Irving K. Pond, '79^, 
Chicago; George P. Codd, '91, Detroit; 
Frank E. Bliss, '73^, '79/, Cleveland; and 
Ralph C. Craig, '11, Detroit. 


It is aimed in this section to ^ive a report of every action taken by the Regents -sf general interest. 
Routine financial business, appointments of assistants, small appropriations, and lists of degrees 
Sranted, are usually omitted. 


The Board met in the Regents* Room 
July 24, 1914, with the President, and Re- 
gents Leland, Beal, Bulkley, Gore, Han- 
chett. Sawyer, Clements, and Hubbard pres- 
ent — ^The sum of $5,000 was set aside from 
the general ftmds and an additional amount 
of $2,500, making $7,500 in all, was trans- 
ferred from the repairs account to an ac- 
count for providing in the General Library 
fireproof quarters for rare books. — ^The 
Board approved a lease and agreement ne- 
gotiated between Mr. H. G. Prettyman and 
four members of the Board present at a 
special committee meeting held in Ann Ar- 

bor on July 8, and Regent Hanchett, cov- 
ering all the interests of Mr. Prettyman 
et al. in the property between North Uni- 
versity Avenue, Twelfth Street, Washing- 
ton Street, Fourteenth Street, and Volland 
Street. — ^The Board authorized the expend- 
ture of not over $4,000 in adapting the 
buildings on the Prettyman property to 
University purposes. — The sum of $800 
was added to the salary budget of the 
Homoeopathic Hospital. — ^The title of Rev. 
L. N. Pattison was changed from Custo- 
dian of the Alumni Memorial Hall to As- 
sistant Curator of the Alumni Memorial 
Hall, with increase in salary, taking effect 

Digitized by 





August I. A fund was provided for the 
payment of assistants to be engaged by and 
to be responsible to Mr. Pattison, and Mr. 
Pattison was made responsible in general 
for the proper care and use of the build- 
ing. — Various acts of the Executive Com- 
mittee were approved and confirmed. These 
included the appointment of Mr. E. A. 
Tanghe, as Instructor in Descriptive Geom- 
etry, Mr. S. R. Thomas as Instructor in 
Mechanical Engineerings and the promotion 
of Mr. F. R. Finch and Mr. George F. Mc- 
Conkey to assistant professorships in de- 
scriptive geometry and architecture, re- 
spectively. — Such additional assistance was 
also provided for the psychological labora- 
tory as is necessary to enable Professor 
John F. Shepard to act as representative 
of the various scientific departments that 
are to occupy the new Science Building, in 
the capacity of inspector and adviser to the 
Building Committee. — The Board author- 
ized the expenditure out of the budget of 
the Department of Engineering, of not to 
exceed $700 for a building for the work 
in sanitary engineering, in accordance with 
the plans of Dean Cooley. — The President 
and Secretary were requested to report at 
the next meeting with respect to rules now 
in force, and possible additional legisla- 
tion, with regard to the attendance of the 
faculty at the public exercises of Com- 
mencement week.— The following resolu- 
tion was adopted: 

Resolved, That the Finance Committee be 
authorized to make investments of University 
trust funds up to a total of $50,000, such invest- 
ments to net not less than 4H% and to be in 
real estate mortgages not exceeding one-half the 
appraised value of the property, or in municipal 

— The president presented resolutions 
adopted by the Superintendents* Section of 
the Michigan State Teachers' Association 
under date of April 24, requesting the Re- 
gents to establish a model school and oth- 
erwise to improve the work in the training 
of secondary school teachers at the Uni- 
versity. — The rule for refund of fees to 
students in the regular session was ex- 
tended, for proportionate periods, to stu- 
dents in the summer session. This rule is 
formulated as follows for the summer ses- 

(i) The same general rule obtains, as in the 
regular session, that no refund shall be made to 
any student withdrawing from the Summer Ses- 
sion otherwise than in good standing. 

(2) Any student withdrawing from the Summer 
Session voluntarily and in good standing, within 
one week of his registration, shall be entitled to 
a refund of his entire Summer Session fee. 

(3) Any student who withdraws thus from the 
Summer Session more than one week and not 
more than two weeks after his registration, is 
entitled to a refund of one-half his Summer Ses- 
sion fee. 

(4) A student who withdraws thus more than 
two weeks and less than four weeks (in the Law 
Department less than five weeks; in the Medical 
Department less than three weeks) after his regis- 
tration, is entitled to a refund of 40 per cent of 
his Summer Session fee. 

(5) A student may enroll for the latter half 
or less of a Summer Session on payment of a fee 
equal to 60 per cent of the fee for the entire 
Summer Session in the Department in which such 
student enrolls. 

(6) The 40 per cent thus refunded to students 
enrolling for the second half of the Summer Ses- 
sion shall be included in determining any further 
refund to withdrawing students under (2) and 
(3) above. 

— The President read a communication 
from Mr. Winfield Goong presenting for 
the art gallery two specimens of twentieth 
century Chinese embroidery, the gift being 
intended to be an expression of Mr. 
Goong's appreciation of the treatment ac- 
corded by the University to the Chinese 
students. The gift was accepted by the 
Board with thanks.— The Secretary read a 
communication from Ex-Governor and 
Ex-Regent Chase S. Osborn, addressed to 
the President, stating that Mr. Osborn was 
sending to the University a plaster cast of 
certain rare Bushmen engravings in South 
Africa. The gift of this cast was accepted 
with the thanks of the Board. — Volney 
Hunter Wells was appointed as Instructor 
in Mathematics in the Department of Lit- 
erature, Science, and the Arts. — A com- 
munication was received from Professor 
Roth stating that the Forestry department 
had received from Mr. Woodbridge Met- 
calf of the Forestry class of 1912, the fol- 
lowing gifts: 

(i) .Mbum of 35 views. 

(2) Two large panorama views. 

(3) A set of records embodying over one year's 
work performed largely bv Mr. Metcalf assisted 
by Mr. Whiting Alden of the Forestry class of 
19 10, for the Canadian Pacific Railroad, constitut- 
ing the scientific study of evidence in a suit for 
$360,000. dealing with forest conditions as af- 
fected by fires. 

These gifts were accepted and the thanks 
of the Board extended to Mr. Metcalf. — 
— The President presented the two follow- 
ing communications from Doctor C. B. G. 
de Nancrede, Professor of Surgery: 

Ann Arbcr, Mich., July 14, 1914. 

To the Honorable Board of Kegcnts; 
Gentlemen : 

Finding that I cannot properly provide for a 
large number of useful and valuable surgical in- 
struments, may I beg their acceptance by the 
University Hospital, where I trust that they will 
prove as serviceable in the future as they have in 
the past. Although not capable of being sold for 
any such amount, originally they cost about 
$1,000, and would require this sum to duplicate 

Very truly, 

C. B. G. de NANCREDE. 

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Ann Arbor, Mich., July 14, 1914. 

To the Honorable Board of Regents; 
Gentlemen : 

I have found some hundreds of works in my 
possession which are not in the Medical portion 
of the Library of the University of Michigan. 

I would ask that you accept such as are not 
duplicates, so that I can feel that these books will 
still be useful to other students. 

Until all duplicates have been eliminated I can- 
not say how many volumes may be acceptable, but 
should estimate these at about 500. 
Very truly, 

C. B. G. dc NANCREDE. 

These gifts from Doctor de Nancrede were 
accepted with the thanks of the Regents. — 
The President was authorized to extend an 
invitation to Doctor Leroy Waterman to 
become Professor of Semitics in the Uni- 
versty, at the salary of $3,000 per year. — 
On motion of Regent Beal, Mr. Gilbert H. 
Taylor was appointed Instructor in Semit- 
ics for the Universty year 1914-1915. — A 
communication was received from Profes- 
sor F. M. Taylor stating that since the 
passage of the budp^et for 1914-1915 he 
had received the resignations of Assistant 
Professor Hamilton and Messrs. S. M. 
Hamilton, Stevenson, and Shugrue. In 
order to meet conditions raised by these 
resignations, Professor Taylor recommend- 
ed readjustments in the work of Professor 
Friday and Assistant Professor Dowrie 
whereby they would take on a larger 
amount of more advanced work and would 
have some assistance in the lower grade 
work. In accordance with this recommen- 
dation, the Board approved a schedule of 
appointments, including F. F. Kolbe, W. F. 
Marsteller, P. W. Ivey, R. G. Rodkey, to 
Instructorships. — Mr. J. A. Van den Broek 
was appointed as Instructor in Engineering 
Mechanics for the year 1914-1915, vice Mr. 
A. L. Ladd, and Mr. Orlan William Bos- 
ton was appointed Instructor in Engineer- 
ing Mechanics for the year 1914-1915. — 
Certain changes recommended by the fac- 
ulty of the Departments of Engineering 
and Architecture in the curricula for archi- 
tectural students, were approved. — Martin 
J. Orbcck was appointed Instructor in De- 
scriptive Geometry and Drawing, vice F. 
E. Kristal. resigned, and the appointment 
of Jesse E. Thornton was changed to that 
of Instructor in English in the Engineer- 
ing Department for the entire year 1914- 
191 5. — Professor Gleason, Director of the 
Biological Station, was asked, in consulta- 
tion with Professor Johnston, to provide 
fire lines to the Biological Station. — In ac- 
cordance with the recommendation by the 
Senate Council Friday, October 16, 1914, 

was designated for the Convocation exer- 
cises. —The Board voted that adjournment 
when taken should be to Friday, October 
16. in order that the Regents' meeting 
might be on the same day as the Convo- 
cation exercises. — A half-time medical as- 
sistant for Doctor Elsie Seelye Pratt was 
authorized. — The President presented a let- 
ter of resignation from Assistant Profes- 
sor Walton H. Hamilton. Professor Ham- 
ilton's resignation was accepted with re- 
gret. — Orover C. Grismore was appointed 
Instructor in Conveyancing in the Depart- 
ment of Law. — Upon the recommendation 
of the faculty of the Departments of En- 
gineering and Architecture transmitted by 
Dean Cooley, certain changes were made 
in the requirements for graduation. — ^The 
sum of $100 was set aside to meet the ex- 
penses of a highway exhibit at the Fifth 
American Good Roads Congress in Chicago 
December 14 to 17, 1914. — A communica- 
tion was received from Dean Cooley sug- 
gesting that a committee be appointed with 
a view of placing upon the campus some 
memorial to the late Alfred Noble, C.E., 
of the Class of 1870, LL.D. 1895. The 
President was requested to appoint such a 
committee. — Permission was granted in ac- 
cordance with the request of Dean Cooley, 
to use certain rooms in the Engineering 
Building in connection with the appraisal 
of the Pere Marquette Railroad. — ^The res- 
ignation of Frank A. Kristal, Instructor 
in Descriptive Geometry and Drawing dur- 
ing the past five years, was accepted with 
regret. — The President submitted a letter 
from Dean C. Worcester, '89, tendering a 
valuable collection of manuscripts and 
pamphlets relating to the Philippines to the 
University, and on motion of Regent Cle- 
ments, the Regents took the following ac- 
tion: ^ 

Resolved, That the proposition of the Honor> j 
able Dean C. Worcester to give to the University 
of Michigan upon certain conditions his collection 
of manuscripts and books pertaining to the Philip- 
pines be accepted with profound thanks, and that 
in the arrangement of the new reserve-book stacks 
in the University Library the collection be amply 
provided for, and that it be known as "The Dean 
C. Worcester Collection of Manuscripts and Books 
Pertaining to the Philippines." 

Be It Further Resolved. That the expenses 
which may be necessary in the transportation and 
reception of these books be provided for from the 
general fund, and that in the matter of the expense 
of copying the "Selected Documents" a sum not 
exceeding $800 be set aside from the general fund 
for this purpose. 

— A more complete description of this gift 
appears on page 17. — The Board then ad- 
journed to Friday, October 16, 1914. 

Digitized by 






In this department will be found news from organizations, rather than individuals, among th« 
alumni. Letters sent us for publication by individuals will, however, generally appear in this column. 


Harvard-Michigan Football Game, Har- 
vard Stadium, October 31, 1914. 

Michk^an Headquarters, Copley- Plaza 
Hotel, Copley Square, Boston. 

One minute from Huntington Avenue 
Station, B. & A. R. R. 

One minute from Back Bay Station, N. 
Y., N. H. & H. R. R. 

All Michigan men will report and regis- 
ter promptly on arrival in Boston. 

Smoker, Mass Meeting and Reunion at 
Copley-Plaza Hotel, Boston, Friday even- 
ing at 8 p. m. 

University of Michigan Band, Good 
Speakers, Cheer Leaders, Michigan songs 
and yells and plenty of Michigan spirit. 

Stereopticon Views and Moving Pictures 
of Ann Arbor showing new buildings, im- 
provements and developments, student and 
athletic activities. 

All Michigan men and delegations are 
urged to arrive in season for this event 
which will be second only to the game. 

Alumni are requested to make their ho- 
tel reservations early. 

For further information address: E. R. 
Hurst, 161 Devonshire Street. Boston, 


The organization of the Akron commit- 
tee to carry on the campaign for the mil- 
lion dollar club house for the Michigan 
Union was perfected through the visit of 
M. Paul Cogswell, *iie, on September i, 
although the campaign set for this fall has 
been postponed for a year on account of 
the war. Harvey Musser, '82/, has been 
made chairman of the committee, with jur- 
isdiction over several surrounding counties. 
With him are associated ex-Mayor William 
E. Young, '92/, Mulford Wade, *86-'9i. Dr. 
Isabel A. Bradley, *99w, David N. Rosen, 
'99^, of Barberton, Hugh P. Allen, *o6, and 
Dr. Herbert W. Barton, *oid. The Akron 
Association will continue their very suc- 
cessful series of Saturday luncheons at the 
Hotel Portage for the coming year. 


The University of Michigan Club of New 
England held its first dinner for the season 
at the Boston City Club in September, with 
twenty-five members present and Dr. C. W. 
Staples, 'Sgd, presiding. The chief speak- 
ers at the after-dinner discussion were Dr. 

George B. Wright of Boston, and William 
T. Whedon, '81, of Norwood, Mass. Dur- 
ing the evening plans were considered for 
receiving from 1,000 to 2,000 alumni of the 
University on the evening preceding the 
Harvard-Michigan game on October 31. 
The Club proposes to entertain at least 
1,000 at a smoker in the Copley- Plaza. On 
the entertainment committee are W. T. 
Whedon, '81, Harvey C. Weare, 'g6e, W. G. 
Montgomery and E. R. Hurst, '13. 


Worcester, Mass., September 15, 1914. 
General Secretary, 

The Alumni Association, 
Ann Arbor, Michigan. 
Dear Sir:— 

I trust that you will allow an individual 
suggestion from a Michigan man and an 
Easterner, one who is doubly interested in 
the coming Michigan-Harvard football 
game, and place this communication before 
the proper parties to act upon as they see 

It is as to cheering and singing at the 
game. I understand that the Michigan 
band is well organized and will be present 
at the game, which fact will doubtless aid 
the singing. I hope that well trained cheer 
leaders will also come on. I think that the 
Eastern alumni will give a good account 
of themselves, if so led. 

Having attended a number of games in 
the Harvard Stadium, I have been struck 
with its acoustic properties. A long drawn 
out cheer does not "go" so well, in my 
opinion, as the short snappy one. The 
high walls and seats cause an echo and 
the result is that the last part of a cheer 
is apt to greet the first part coming back. 
I have noticed, too, that people sitting on 
the side of the cheering in that vast stadi- 
um cannot hear the words distinctly if 
drawn out and in getting the echo back, a 
confusion of sound is likely to result. Of 
course the spectators opposite the cheering 
are not so troubled. The short snappy 
cheering of Ohio State on Ferry Field 
has always made a good impression on 
my memory, lasting longer perhaps thaii 
my remembrances of the games themselves. 
The Harvard cheer is long drawn out and 
their music always seemed to me to be 
slow moving. 

The interest throughout the East in the 
game is increasing rapidly. I have no 
doubt the game will outdraw the Harvard- 
Princeton game the following Saturday on 

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the same field. Among the 40,000, which 
can be seated the vast majority will be 
Harvard sympathizers and also "neutral" 
Easterners. The latter will appreciate a 
good game and will be willing to be shown. 
A fighting team, backed by an enthusiastic 
bundi of alumni and students, no matter 
how small in number, will create a favor- 
able impression, irrespective of the final 
outcome of the game. 

I do not for a minute want to abolish 
any of the old Michigan songs and cheers, 
but I would like to hear in addition some 
snappy ones, written if necessary for the 
occasion and printed for distribution to 
alumni associations so that the memories 
of the old may be refreshed and the new 
ones learned for this game. I do not need 
to state that the Eastern alumni will ac- 
cord an enthusiastic greeting. 

Camp has lately written that the game, 
this Pall, will settle the year's champion- 
ship, but that it will not in one game de- 
cide the merits of the Eastern and West- 
em football. Pretty fair for a Yale man. 
Harvard in its prospects and material is 
the best in years, but we have faith in 
Yost and a Michigan team. 

Sincerely yours, 
Merrili. S. June, '12/. 


Story of How Chicago's Michigan Men 

Disported Themselves at Their Annual 


"Soak 'em. John !" 


— And John got his base on balls — some- 
times. And sometimes he landed on the 
big armory ball for a home run. Where- 
upon his teammates, old boys and young- 
uns, howled with delight as John's corpu- 
lent person galloped and puffed across the 
home plate. 

It was the big ball game between the 
"Germans" and the "Russians" at the an- 
nual midsummer outing of the Chicago 
Alumni Association of the University of 

"The Time — Saturday Afternoon, Au- 
gust 29. 

"The Place— Ravinia Park, Chicago. 

**The Girl — Merrie Michigan" — was the 
way the event was announced in the Chica- 
go "Michigan Bulletin." 

And that afternoon there was a mobili- 
zation of Michigan men for the park. Men 
with downy moustaches and men old and 
shrewd in the game of the "wide, wide 
world" left their labors and gathered to 
have fun together like boys again. They 
loafed, loitered, lingered and leaped. They 
talked war and played baseball. They har- 
monized and melodized and yelled the old 

yells once more, with "Bony" Bohnsack as 

The features of the day were the two 
bloody battles between the Germans and the 
Russians on the beautiful baseball field be- 
fore the stadium. For the first game the 
"chose up" line-up was as follows: Rus- 
sians — "Smi" Smith, *ii (Capt.) ; Drake, 
Curtis, Reighard, Roth, Hoover, Reisser, 
Kolyn, Supple. 

Germans — McKenzie, '96 (Capt.) ; Lunn, 
Bohnsack, David, Eckhard, Haller, Heck- 
ler, Newmarke, Small. 

The Deutschers won by a score of 8 to 4. 
Umpires — Dr. H. S. Eisenstaedt, and I. K. 
Pond. Errors, 78. 

Second Battle: Russians — David (Capt.) 
Martin, Davis, Hoover, Hoffman, W. Gal- 
loway, Towler, Adams, Roth. 

Germans — Bohnsack (Capt) ; O'Connor, 
Drake, Lunn, J. Galloway, Chadwick, Mar- 
tin, Green, Kolyn, Eckhart. 

The dead were 11 to 7, in favor of the 

At the banquet out under the trees by 
the casino in the evening Capt. Art Bohn- 
sack was presented with a "silver loving 
cup" in honor of his valiant work in the 
battles of the afternoon. The "cup" was 
a bright tin horn. 

About 125 Michigan men were present 
at the outing, and many brought their 
wives, children, friends or fiancees. The 
oldest grad present was Bartow A. Ulrich, 
'64. The afternoon symphony concert by 
the Chicago Symphony orchestra and the 
opera, Lucia di Lammermoor, in the even- 
ing given in the open-air auditorium, were 
the main free attractions. All the good old 
songs in the Michigan Union song books, 
a snake dance, and a prolonged mouth or- 
gan and tin horn concert, very ably led by 
Mr. L K. Pond, '79^, succeeded the dinner. 

Anyway, they all went home with brain 
and brawn renewed. Everybody was hap- 
py and had the smile that wouldn't come 
of? for 'twas all the way through. 

A. E. Curtis, 'ii. 


In an effort to get directly in touch with 
the new graduates of the University who 
locate in Chicago, furnish them with in- 
formation concerning the city and help 
them in any way possible, the Chicago 
Alumni Association of the University will 
establish this year an employment commit- 
tee, consisting of Michigan men who are 
representative in their professions and lines 
of business. It is planned to centralize 
the work of the committee in a secretary, 
who will act, first, as a clearing house for 
the employer and employee; and second, as 
the organizing point through which the 
work of the committee can be broadened 

Digitized by 




r October 

and developed. The members of the com- 
mittee, however, will rarely be called upon 
to meet, but will act in an advisory capaci- 
ty and as a medium for obtaining and 
spreading information. 


A royal reception was extended to Dr. 
Novy and family on the occasion of his 
visit to Porto Rico this summer. As the 
steamer was being warped in its berth it 
was boarded by a Committee of the Asso- 
ciation, consisting of Dr. M. Del Valle, 
'gid, Dr. E. DeGoenaga, 'oSd, R. Del Valle, 
*oid^ B^. (Phar. hon.) '07 Buenaventura 
Jimmez, 'o5*w, and M. Del Valle, *i6i?. In 
the name of the Association Dr. Novy was 
welcomed to the Island and presented with 
an engrossed copy of Resolutions adopted 
by the Porto Rican Branch of Michigan 

The Porto Rico branch of the Alumni 
Association of the University of Michi- 
gan, desiring to do honor to Dr. Fred G. 
Novy, Professor at the University of Mich- 
igan, on his proposed trip to Porto Rico, 
passed the following resolutions at a meet- 
ing held June 11, T914. 

Be it resolved, that on the occasion of 
the visit of Dr. Fred 0. Novy, of the fac- 
ulty of the University of Michigan, to the 
Island of Porto Rico that the members of 
the Porto Rican branch of the Alumni As- 
sociation of the University of Michigan, do 
extend to him a most hearty greeting and 
welcome to our Island, and assure him of 
our great pleasure for the opportunity of 
welcoming him, not only as a man of world 
wide reputation as a scientist, but also as 
a member of the faculty and representative 
of the University of Michigan, our well 
loved Alma Mater. 

Be it also resolved, that the members of 
this association, both individually and col- 
lectively, do place ourselves at the disposal 
of Dr. Novy, in whatever way may be pos- 
sible, in order that his stay here may be 
as pleasant as possible, and that he may 
see that the spirit of Michigan, transferred 
to a tropic island, remains always the same. 
Manuel V. Del Valle, rf'91, 

Jose E. Benedicto, 

San Juan, Porto Rico, August, 1914. 

The Committee kindly placed their auto- 
mobiles at the service of the party which 
was then transported to Rio Piedras eight 
miles from San Juan, where they took up 
their stay as guests of Dean R. S. Gar- 
wood, '92, and Juanita Garza Garwood. 
Mr. Garwood, then Dean of the normal 
school at Rio Piedras, is now performing 

the duties of Dean of the Agricultural Col- 
lege at Mayaguez. 

On the following day Drs. Del Valle and 
De Goenaga arranged a delightful auto 
trip via Catanio, liayamon to Camerio. 

On August 20, a dinner was tendered Dr. 
Xovy at the Union Club, by the Asociacion 
Medica de Puerta Rico. It was attended 
by about 20 of the foremost practitioners 
of the Island, telegrams of regret being 
sent by many unable to be present. It was 
presided over by Dr. Bailey K. Ash ford, 
U. S. Medical Corps, who called upon Dr. 
Gutierrez Igaravidez to give the address 
of welcome to which a response was made 
by Dr. Novy. 

The following evening an informal re- 
ception and smoker was held at the Club 
Rooms of the Asociacion Medica. 

Subsequently, a most profitable visit was 
made to the Institute for Tropical Medi- 
cine where valuable research is conducted 
by Drs. Gonzales, Gutierrez, Ashford, King 
and others. The excellent bacteriological 
laboratory of the Board of Health is con- 
ducted by Drs. Gonzales and Hernandez, 
the latter a former student in the Medical 
Department of the University in i900-*oi. 
The entire governmental chemical work on 
the Island is under the charge of Raphael 
Del Valle, 'oip, B.S. (Phar. hon.) '07, and 
Angel M. Pesquera, Ph.C. '11. 

In company with Dr. Lippett, Director 
of Public Health, and Dr. Gomez Briosa 
a visit was made to the leper island. 

Through the extreme courtesy of Dr. 
Ashford an auto trip was taken via Catanio, 
Bayamon. Arecibo to Utuado in the coffee 
country, the scene of an extensive anti- 
hookworm campaign. 

The Alumni Association further arrang- 
ed an auto trip for Dr. Novy and family 
across the Island, via Gaguas, Cayey, Guay- 
ma, Salinas to Ponce, thence returning via 
Coamo Springs, Coamo, Aibonito and 
Cayey. Drs. De Croenaga and M. Del Valle 
were the efficient guides on this long and 
most interesting ride. 

On August 28, the evening before sail- 
ing, the Alumni Association tendered a 
banquet to Dr. Novy at the Cafe Cova- 
donga. Those present were: 

Manuel V. del Valle, *9»<i; Estaban A. dc 
r.eonaga. 'oHd; Rafael del Valle Sarraga, *oip, 
B.S. (Phar. hon.) '07; Arturo Torrcgrosa. 
•06m; Diego A. Biascoechea, '14; Miguel A. 
Pastrana, *izd; Rafael E. Torregrosa, 'iid; Fran- 
cisco A. del Valle, 'i6e; Jos6 C. Barbosa, Som. 
A.M. (hon.) '03; Ralph S. Garwood. '9a; B. 
Jiminez Serra, '05m; Jos6 E. Benedicto, 02I ; 
Angel S. Sifre, 'iid; Manuel A. del Valle, 'lee; 
Guillermo H. Barbosa. '12m; Pedro del Valle 

The address of welcome by Dr. M. Del 
Valle was responded to by Dr. Novy. 

Digitized by 





An eloquent speech by Dr. Barbosa, *8om, 
and by Diego A. Biascochea, '14, with songs 
and cheers for Michigan closed a most 
pleasant evening. 

On the day of sailing through the cour- 
tesy of Dr. Pedro Del Valle, '91m, the 
quarantine officer of San Juan, a govern- 
ment launch was placed at the service of 
Dr. Novy and the Alumni Association and 
friends for embarcation in the roadstead. 
Amid hearty, vigorous U. of M. cheers, 
the launch turned shoreward while the 
steamer got under way. 


The University of Michigan Alumni As- 
sociation of Eugene, Oregon, held its an- 
nual banquet on the evening of May 14. 
IQ14, at the Hotel Osburn. It is conceded 
to have been the best and most enthusiastic 
that the local association has ever held. 
Twenty-one were in attendance and thor- 
oughly enjoyed the dinner, after which the 
annual election was held, resulting in the 
election of the following officers for the 
ensuing year: President, Earl O. Immel, 
'10/; vice-president. Miss Ruth Guppy, '87; 
secretary, Clyde N. Johnston, '08/; treas- 
urer, Leon R. Edmunson, rgg-'oo. 

After the election of officers. Earl O. 
Immel took charge of the meeting as toast- 
master and introduced the speakers of the 
evening. Dr. Heman B. Leonard, *95e, 
spoke on the Portland Alumni Association. 
Dr. Charles W. Southworth, '93, gave some 
interesting facts and bits of information 
regarding "The Faculty,'* and Jay L. Lew- 
is. '11/, entertained the members present 
by some interesting "Memories of College 
Days." Mrs. Rose E. Powell, School of 
Music, '02, responded with some beautifully 
rendered song^s, and Mrs. Mabel Holmes 
Parsons, '04, A.M. '09, gave a very pleas- 
ant talk on "Michigan and the West.'* 
General William H. H. Beadle, '61, '67/, 
LLD. '02, one of the most enthusiastic of 
Michigan's oldest graduates, responded to 
"Michigan — ^Always and Everywhere." The 
college songs, led by Mrs. Rose Powell at 
the piano, served to revive and renew the 
memories of college days. 

The local association has a membership 
of over thirty and is very energetic and 
enthusiastic, in spite of the great distance 
that separates its members from the scenes 
of their college life. 

The members present at the banquet num- 
bered graduates from 1861 to 1913. Those 
in attendance included : 

Heman B. Leonard, 'gse; William H. Brenton, 
*83c; Fred G. Frinlc, 'S6e; Mrs. F. G. Frink (May 
Beadle) '84-'86; Mrs. Rose E. Powell, School of 
Music 'oa; C. I. Collins. *oi-*oa; William H. H. 
Beadle. '61. '671. LL.D. *o3; Ruth Guppy, '87; 
I>on R. Edmunson, r99-'oo; Mrs. Mabel Holmes 

Parsons. 04, A.M. '09; Earl O. Immel, 'lol; 
Clyde N. Johnston, '08I ; Bertha S. Stuart, '03, 
•oSm; Jay h. Lewis, 'iil; Mrs. Edna Prescott 
Datson, '06- '07; Clarence T. Mudge. 'o7.'o8: 
Luella M Rayer. '13 (Mrs. M. B. Carter); 
Charles W. Southworth. '93. 

C. N. Johnston, Secretary. 


The annual meeting of the University 
of Michigan Alumni Association of North 
Dakota was held on September 16, 1914. 
at Grand Forks. It took the form of a 
dinner at the Commercial Club rooms, 
which was followed by a short business 
session. A program of toasts and good 
fellowship made the evening a pleasant one. 


The Houston Alumni Association has 
joined the ranks of the associations who 
are meeting regularly for luncheon. The 
members come together at noon on the 
first Tuesday of each month. 


The alumni of Louisville and vicinity 
have formally organized, and are holding 
meetings once a month. They hope in the 
future to inaugurate a series of regular 
mid-day luncheons such as are being held 
by the local associations all over the coun- 
tp^. Joseph D. Burge, '12^, is acting as 
chairman of the new organization, which 
bears the name of the Louisville Club of 
Michigan Alumni, and A. Stanley Newhall, 
'13/, is secretary. 


The annual meeting of the Milwaukee 
Alumni Association of the University was 
held on the evening of Tuesday, Septem- 
ber 15, at the Hotel Pfister. Officers for 
the coming year were elected as follows: 
President, John S. Stover, '05; vice-presi- 
dent, Frank M. Hoyt, />4-'75; financial 
secretary, Egmont B. Arnold, '04^; treas- 
urer, Charles W. Hall, 'g2d; recording sec- 
retary, Ifarry E. McDonnell, '04^. Paul D. 
Durant, 95/, was elected the Association's 
representative on the Alumni Advisory 
Council, and Max W. Babb, '97/, was made 
chairman of the executive committee. 

Tentative plans were made for a smoker 
to be held on October 30, on the eve of the 
Michigan- Harvard game at Cambridge. It 
is expected that many of the 200 members 
in the State will attend the game. The 
Association is also planning a theater party 
to be given during the first week in I>ecem- 
bcr, and the annual banquet will be held 
some time in the spring. 

Digitized by 






On Friday, September 18, the Michigan 
Alumni Club of Olympia gave a luncheon 
in honor of Rev. Charles A. Bo wen, '92, 
A.M. '93, who has left Olympia to become 
pastor of the University Methodist Church, 
of Seattle, Wash., and Mrs. Bo wen. The 
following two resolutions were passed: 

Whereat, Rev. Charles A. Bowen has been 
called from the pastorate of the First Methodist 
Church of Olympia, Washington, to the Univer* 
aity Methodist Church of Seattle, Washington, and, 

Whereas, He is an honored member of our local 
University of Michigan Club, 

Be It Therefore Resolved, That we herewith 
express our regrets that his labors have been 
called from among us to another field, and, 

Be It Further Resolved, That we herewith ten- 
der him our well-wishes for future success and 
prosperitsr, and, 

Be It Further Resolved, That we congratulate 
the Universitv Church of Seattle, upon their- good 
fortune in obtaining the services of the pastor 
that is called from among us. 

(Signed), P. M. Troy, president, '93I; Thos. It- 
O'Leary, secretary, '08, *iol; H. t,. Flumb, *ia; 
John F. Main, l9S'*97; Dr. E. C. Story, 'ygh; 
A. W. Deming, '93I; 1,, L,, Thompson, 'iil. 

Be It Resolved bv the University of Michigan 
Club at Olympia, Washington, That greetings are 
hereby extended to the football team of Alma 
Mater, and that we earnestly hope and pray for 
the success of the team in the coming gridiron 
contest with Harvard, and to that end we will 
root with all the power we can, considering our 
numbers and our distance from the fray. 


The Michigan Alumni Association of 
San Francisco presented Mr. and Mrs. Sid- 
ney S. Lawrence, whose marriage is noted 
elsewhere in this issue, with a guest book, 
with the frontispiece illumined as follows: 

"With best wishes for a long and pros- 
perous voyage. 

The Michigan Crew of San Francisco." 


The Seattle Alumni Association held its 
annual election of officers on May 6, 1914. 
The following were elected to serve for 
the coming year: President, J. Fletcher 
Lewis, *05, *iil; vice-president, Herbert E. 
Coe, '04, *o6fn; secretary, Frank S. Hall, 
'02-'04; treasurer, Samuel J. Wettrick, '08/. 


The weekly luncheons of the Michigan 
Club of Toledo were resumed for the sea- 
son on Wednesday, September 30. The 
luncheons are to be held this year at the 
Commerce Club, instead of at the Boody 
House, as last year. At this meeting, ar- 
rangements for the participation of the 
alumni in the Harvard, Pennsylvania and 
Cornell games, plans for the entertainment 
of the Glee Club, which appears in Toledo 
at the Valentine on December 19, and the 
contemplated visit of the Michigan Union 
Opera, were discussed. The establishment 
of a scholarship fund, which was brought 
up at the meetings last spring, also came 
in for considerable discussion, and the Club 
hopes to make the fund a reality this year. 


On Friday afternoon, .Time 5, there was 
tmveiled at the William McKinley School, 
Indianapolis, Ind., a memorial tablet in 
memory of Carl Oscar Adam, '10, who 
died two years ago last June. The occasion 
was marked by a program of songs and 
memorial addresses, in which David W. 
Allerdice, *iie, a close friend and frater- 
nity brother, took part, speaking on "His 
Life and Influence in College and Fra- 


Announcements of marriages should be mailed to the Secretary of the Alumni Association. When 
newspaper clippings are sent, be sure that the date and place are stated. Distinguish between date 
of paper and aate of event recorded. 

1886. Leslie Warren Goddard, *86e, to 
Mina Etta Bordine, September 26, 
igi4, at Saline, Mich. Address, 619 
Windsor Terrace, Grand Rapids, 

1897. Ralph Cone Taggart, '97, to Ruth 
Harriot Townsend, August 29, 1914, 
at Bolton, Mass. Address, 791 Myr- 
tle Ave., Albany, N. Y. 

1902. Onslow Wooten Messimer, J'gg-'oo, 

*oo-*oi, to Grace Morgan Clayton, 

June 10, 1914, at New York City. 

Address, loi Park Ave., New York 

^ City. 

1903. Stuart Kelscy Knox, 'o^e, to Ellen 
Isabel Lane, June 8, 1914, at Wren- 
tham, Mass. Address, iod William 
St., New York City. 

1904. Neil Isaac Bentley, '04, 'o6h, to Alice 
1909. Garnock Harvey, *o5-*o6, July 25, 

1914, at Detroit, Mich. Address, 787 

Trumbull Ave., Detroit, Mich. 
IQ05. Abigail Booth Chandler, '05, to Clyde 
1908. Hurlburt Pinney, /'o5-'o7, July 28, 

1914, at Owosso, Mich. Address, 

Ithaca, Mich. 

1905. Walter Stephenson Parsons, '05, to 
Edna May Rowand, September 17. 

Digitized by 





1914, at Lakewood, Ohio. Address, 
187 19 Sloane Ave., Lakewood, Ohio. 

1906. James Bartlett Edmonson, '06, A.M. 
*io, to Bess Josephine Chase, August 
25, 1 914, at Cedar Rapids, la. Ad- 
dress, The Cutting, Ann Arbor. 

1906. Madge Van Winkle, '06, to Lapslev 
Ewing Simrall (Park CoU^c, Mo.) 
July I, I9I4; at Howell, Mich. Ad- 
dress, Morris, 111. 

IQ06. Anna Wurster, '06, to Rev. Paul J. 

1913. Mackensen, A.M. '13, August 5, 1914, 
at Ann Arbor. Address, Capitol 
University, Columbus, Ohio. 

1908 Herbert Graff, '08, to Hilda Evolyn 
Rosenquist, May 14, 1914, at Denver, 
Cok). Address, McCall, Idaho. 

IQ09. Edwin Burdette Backus, '09, to Irene 
May Garrett, July 18, 1914, at New- 
town, Ohio. Address, 1125 Vermont 
St., Lawrence. Kansas. 

1909. Rachel E. Sinclair, '09, to Dean 

1910. Ernest Ryman, *io/, in August, 1914, 
at Detroit, Mich. Address, Atlanta, 

IQ09. Clara Ix>uise Trueblood, *09, to Mel- 
I9T2. len Chamberlain Martin, 12I, 'o6-'09. 
August 22, 1914, at Ann Arbor. Ad- 
dress, Chicago, III. 

1909. Leopold Eden Scott, '09^, to Mary 

1910. Agnes Ruppe, '10, September 23, 
19 1 4, at Hancock, Mich. Address, 
La Ceiba, Spanish Honduras. 

1909. Hulbert George Haller, '09/, 'o5-'o6, 
to Vena Weiller, September i, 1914. 
at Victoria, B. C. Address, Almo 
Apts., Detroit, Mich. 

1910. Raymond Edwin Hopson, '10, to 

1913. Frances Elizabeth Nettleton, '13, 
September 15, 1914, at Detroit, Mich. 
Address, Old Forge. N. Y. 

1910. Peter Augustine Cummins, '10^, to 
Gertrude Salliotte. Tuly 28, 1914, at 
Ecorse, Mich. Address. 2094 West 
Grand Boulevard, Detroit, Mich. 

191 1. Ewart Bruce Laing, '11, '13/, to Eliz- 

1914. abeth Sweet, '14, September 24, 1914, 
at Dowagiac. Mich. Address, Do- 
,wagiac, Mich. 


191 2. 

1 91 2. 









Woodbridge Metcalf, '11, M.S. (for) 
'12, to Norah Clements, September 
26, 1 914, at Bala, Muskoka, C^ada. 
Address, Universitv of California. 
Werner Stilwell Allison, '12, to Jose- 
phine Morrison, '12, September 4, 
1914, at Iron River, Mich. Address, 
609 West 127th St., New York City. 
Earl Vincent Moore, '12, to Blanche 
Wilburetta Anderson, '12, August 26, 
1914. at Muskegon, Mich. Address 
596 Linden St., Ann Arbor, Mich. 
Sidney Smith Lawrence, 'i2e, to Julia 
Eugenia Moore, May 26, 191 4. at 
Piedmont, Calif. Address, 275 Park 
View Terrace, Oakland, Calif. Cleve- 
land R. Wright, *I2/, and Ross L. 
Mahon, '12^, both of San Francisco, 
Cisco, were ushers. 
Frank Walter Steere, *i2e, to Jessie 
Anna Hunter, '12, in July, 1914, at 
Pocatello. Idaho. Address, Solvay 
Lodge, lietroit, Mich. 
George Lyman Curtis, '13, to Maude 
S. Steegar. August 19, 1914. at Flint, 
Mich. Address, Care Genesee Co. 
Nurseries, Flint, Mich. 
Luella May Rayer, '13, to Milton B. 
Carter, September 7, 1914, at Ann 
Arbor. Address, Chicago, 111. 
Harold Philippi Scott, "13, A.M. '14, 
to Jennie Morris, '15, July 18, 1914, 
at Columbus, Ohio. Address, Ann 
-\rbor, Mich. 

Walter Paul Staebler, '13. to Mil- 
dred Beulah Guilford, '13, September 
9, 1914. at Friendship, N. Y. Ad- 
dress. Ann Arbor. 

Donald Neil Sweeny, 'o9-'ii, to 
Avis Marie Allen, September 7, 1914, 
at Morenci, Mich. Address, Detroit, 

John Loucks Dillinger, '13/, to Hazel 
May Ricse, August 25, 1914, at Find- 
lay, Ohio, .\ddress, Avoca, la. 
Theodore Thomas Gibson, '13^. to 
Helen Kidd, August 11, 1914, at Pon- 
tiac. Mich. Address, Rahway, N. J. 
Arthur W. Hogan, '13^, to Grace 
Todd, Jime 17, 1914. at Bad Axe, 
Mich. Address, Kindc, Mich. 

Digitized by 






This department of The Alumnus if conducted by Professor Demmon. In order to make it as 
complete as possible, the cooperation of subscribers is solicited. Let deaths be reported promptly as 
they occur, with date and place. Be careful to distinguish between fact and rumor. In sending news- 
paper clippings, particular care should be used to distinguish between the date of the paper and th« 
date of the death recorded. Short biographies of deceased alumni and former students will be given 
space when sent to The Alumnus. 

Departments and classes are distinguished the same in the News from the Classes column (see 
notice thereunder) and elsewhere in the magazine, except that the Department of Literature, Science, 
and the Arts is distinguished from others by the letter a, (arts). 


Literary Department 

1852. Belville Roberts, A.B., A.M. '56, d. 
at Norristown, Pa., Aug. 26, 1914, 
aged 87. (The class of '52 is now 

1875. Emily Persis Cook, A.B., d. at Lan- 
sing, Mich., Sept 27, 1914, aged 62, 

1875. Thomas Frederick Graber, Ph.D., d. 
at Berkeley, C^l., Sept. 2, 1914, aged 

1892. Mamah Boiiton Borthwick, A.B., 

A.M. '93, d. at Spring Green, Wis., 

Aug. 15, 1914, aged 45. 
1899. Cora Louise Bodwell, A.B., d. at 

Muskegon, Mich., Sept. 9, 1914, aged 

39. Buried at Grand Rapids, Mich. 
1901. Ernest Alva Coddington, A.B., r9i- 

'92, B.S. (Olivet) '98, d. at Detroit. 

Mich., Aug. 3, 1914, aged 46. 
1901. John Edmund Thompson, A.B., d. 

at Rocky Point, R. I., Aug. 16, 1914, 

aged 36. Buried at Worcester, Mass. 

Medical Department 
1870. Edwin Tyler Doty, d. at Anderson, 
Mo., Sept. 13, 1914, aged 69. 

1875. Henry McCrea, M.D. (Bellevue) '76, 
d. at Marlette, Mich., July 21, 1914, 
aged 70. 

1882. Myatt Kyau, d. at Health Hill, Bur- 
ma, June 7, 1914, aged 68. 

1883. Addison Alexander Armstrong, d. at 
Athens, Pa., June 10, 1914, aged 55. 

1887. Wilmot Frederick Miller, d. at Mil- 
waukee, Wis., Aug. 14, 1914, aged 53. 

1891. Ruth Ophelia Bryant, (Mrs. Lewis 
C. Leake.) d. at Ashevillc. N. C. 
Aug. 12, 1914, aged 58. 

1891. Dryden Hemingway Lamb, d. at 
Owosso, Mich., Aug. 4, 1914, aged 45. 

Law Department 

1867. Moses Taggart, LL.B., of Grand 
Rapids, Mich., d. at White Lake, 
Mich.. Aug. 20, 191 4, aged 72. 

1868. Bennett Thaddeus Wakeman, LLB., 
d. at Monte Vista, Colo., Jan. 21, 
1914, aged 73. 

1876. Charles Mortimer Merrill, LL.B.. d. 
at St. Johns. Mich., Sept. 2, 1914. 
aged 61. 

1901. Newton William Crose, LL.B., d. at 
Ft. Collins, Colo., Aug. 14, I9i4» aged 

191 1. Robert Emmet Mark Nolan. LL.B.. 
a'o7-'o9, d. at New York, N. Y., Sept. 

23, 1914, aged 27. Buried at Birm- 
ingham, Ala. 

Dental College 

1892. Thomas Coleman, L.D.S. (Toronto) 
'91, D.D.S. (Montreal) '95, d. at Mon- 
treal, P. Q., Feb. 3, 1914, aged 50. 

1 912. Lawrence Clyde Shonerd, d. at 
Grand Rapids, Mich., Aug. i, 1914, 
aged 34. 


1898. Oscar Russell Long, M.D., m'7i-'72, 
M.D. (Detroit Hom.) '73, Non-Resi- 
dent Lecturer in the Homoeopathic 
Medical College of the University, d. 
at Ionia, Mich., Sept. 10, 1914, aged 
64. Buried at Detroit, Mich. 


Sherman Allen Andrus, m'6i-*62, d. at 
.National Military Home, Dayton, 
Ohio, Feb. 17, 1913, aged 71. 

Frederick French ChaflFee, my\--j% M.D. 
(N. Y. Univ.) '77, d. at Chicago, 111., 
Aug. 17, 1914. aged 59. 

Raymond Benjamin Coonley, /i'o7-'io, M.D. 
(N. Y. Hom.) 'II, d. at Detroit, 
Mich.. Sept. 19, 1914, aged 25. 

Mohamed El-Sayed, (/*i3-'i4, d. at Ann 
Arbor, Sept. 4, 1914, aged 29. 

Eaton Scott Finn, a'lo-'ii, d. at Manistee, 
Mich., Sept. 14, 1914, aged 23. Buried 
at Detroit, Mich. 

William Henry Hadley, a'94-'97, r97-'98, 
d. at Brattleboro. Vt., Sept. 18, 1914, 
aged 42. Buried at Ann Arbor. 

Charles Allen Holbrook, m'68-'69. M.D.| 
(Bennett) '78, d. at Lincoln, Neb., 
July 14, 1914. aged 70. 

James Kelly, m'53-'54, d. at Golden, Colo., 
Sept. 24, 1914, aged 87. 

Jack Isaac Levinson, d*07-'o9, *ii-'i2, d. at 
El Paso, Texas. Dec. 26. 191 3, aged 
27. Buried at Traverse City, Mich. 

Florence Lester Roberts, rt'io-'i2, (Mrs. 
Robert Gordon,) d. at Marine City, 
Mich.. Aug. 16, 1914, aged 21. 

Merritt Waher Thompson, w'74-'75, M.D. 
(Rush) '77, d. at Chicago, 111., Sept. 
8, 1 91 4. aged 60. 

William Riggs Trowbridge. fl'83-'86, m'86- 
•87, Ph.B. (Chicago) '08, d. at Provi- 
dence, R. I.. Aug. 18, 1914. aged 51. 

tDelinzo A. Walden, m'64-*65, M.D. 
(Rush) >o, Priv. 15th 111. Inf.. d. 
at Beatrice, Neb., July 22, 1914, aged 

Digitized by 






The Alumnus reviews recently published works by alumni, former students, or members of the 
Faculty, and works directly relatmg to the University. Copies of such books, sent for review, are 
placed in the Alumni Library in the Alumni Room. 


Theodore W. Koch, Librarian of the Un- 
iversity, is the author of several pamphlets 
which have appeared during the summer. 
Two papers on *The Bibliotheque Nation- 
ale/' the first dealing with its organization 
and history, and the second with its ad- 
ministration, have been reprinted from 
The Library Journal for May and June, 
1914, and are published together. The Au- 
gust number of The North American Re- 
view contained an article, "Some Old-Time 
Old-World Librarians," which has since 
been reprinted in pamphlet form, and in 
the Library Journal for August, 1914, was 
published his account of the Leipzig Expo- 
sition and the opening of the A. L. A. ex- 
hibit, of which Mr. Koch had charge. This 
has been recently published under the title 
"Impressions of the Leipzig Exposition and 
the Opening of the A. L. A. Exhibit." The 
pamphlet is printed on plate paper and il- 
lustrated with numerous photographs. 

Professor W. T. Hussey. Professor of 
Astronomy and Director of the Observa- 
tory', who spends half the year at La Plata 
University in South America, has recently 
published a report of his astronomical work 
at La Plata. In addition to a detailed ac- 
count of the two himdred double stars 
lately discovered, the booklet describes in 
general the work done at the institution, 
and the experimental work of Paul T. 
Delavan, *i2r, and B. F. Dawson, who have 
been at La Plata for some time. Professor 
Hussey has been in Ann Arbor during part 
of the past year, but returned to La Plata 
in lune. 

Dr. Edgar Ewing Brandon, '88, Vice- 
President of Miami University, wrote for 
the July number of "The Journal of Race 
Development" a paper entitled "Higher Ed- 
ucation in Latin America," in which he dis- 
cusses the facilities, equipment, organiza- 
tion and teachers of the principal Latin- 
American colleges and universities. The 
article has since been reprinted in pamphlet 

Peter W. Dykema, '95, M.L. '96. Profes- 
sor of Community Music at the University 
of Wisconsin, is the editor of the Music 
Supervisor's Bulletin, published four times 
a year by the National Conference of Mu- 
sic Supervisors. He is also vice-president 
of the association. 

Glenn Palmer. '10, formerly an instruc- 
tor in the rhetoric department of the Uni- 
versity, is on the staff of The Cornhill 
Booklet, of Boston, which has recently been 
revived. The magazine was originated in 
1900 by Mr. Alfred Bartlett, and in its five 
years of existence published uncollected 
writings of Robert Louis Stevenson, Na- 
thaniel Hawthorne, Oliver Wendell Holmes, 
Eugene Field and Rudyard Kipling. The 
new Cornhill Booklet is to contain letters 
and uncollected writings of well-known au- 
thors, with comment and illustrations. In 
the October number, besides a story by 
Mr. Palmer, are found unpublished frag- 
ments of Oscar Wilde's De Profundis, an 
uncollected poem by Leigh Hunt, and a 
poem by Percy Mackaye. For future is- 
sues, uncollected writings from the pens 
of Thackeray, Stevenson, Synge, Maeter- 
linck, Arthur Upson, Arthur Simons, and 
Walter Savage Landor are announced. 

The August number of Case and Com- 
mcnt, published by the Lawyers Co-op. Pub- 
lishing Co., contains three articles by alum- 
ni of the University. Alvin Waggoner, 
'06/, of Philip, S. Dak., writes on "Oliver 
Goldsmith's Relation to the Law;" Ken- 
neth G. Silliman, '12/, of Sioux City, la., 
is the author of an article entitled "Scott 
and the Lawyer;" and Marshall D. Ewell, 
'68/, LL.D. '79, of Chicago, well known as 
a handwriting expert, contributes "Expert 
Examination of Ink Marks on Paper." 

William Warner Bishop, '92, A.M. '93. 
Superintendent of the Reading Room of 
the Library of Congress is the author of a 
pamphlet entitled "The Backs of Books." 
which was delivered originally as the Com- 
mencement address at the exercises of the 
Library School of the New York Public 
Library on June 12, 1914. 

Lieut. Thomas M. Spaulding, '05, of the 
United States Army, wrote for a recent is- 
sue of The Sezvanee Review a description 
of "The Battle of North Point." one of 
the little known contests of the War of 

Leonard Lanson Cline, 'io-'i3, has re- 
cently issued a book of verse, entitled, 
"Poems," which has been favorably com- 
mented on. It was brought out by The 
Poet Lore Company. 

Digitized by 






To the Board of Directors of the Alumni 
Association of the University of Michigan, 
I beg to submit the following report, from 
June I to September r, 1914, inclusive: 

Endowment memberships, perma- 
nent $ 37800 

End. memberships, usable 95 00 

Annual memberships 1606 40 

Adv. in Ai,UMNUS 224 84 

Interest 239 46 

Univ. of Mich. Adv 150 00 

Sale of Alumnus i 80 

Sundries 5 70 

Advanced from sub. fund 1000 00 

Total cash receipts $ 3701 20 

Cash and bonds on hand June i, 

1914 26001 18 

$29702 38 
Vouchers 2290 to 2306 inclusive. 

Alumnus printing $ 1797 77 

Second-class postage 25 00 

Business manager Alumnus 121 21 

Commencement expense 176 81 

Salary, Secretary 333 33 

Salary, Assistant Secretary 180 00 

Int. on Mem. Bldg. note lOQ 60 

Total expenditures $ 2743 81 

Imprest cash : 
Second-class postage ...$ 4 04 

Commencement exp 58 61 

Printing and stationery. 20 06 

Solicitors 43 15 

Traveling 20 10 

Incidentals 12 85 

Engraving 4 87 

Postage 65 24 

Office help 19 40 

248 32 

Total cash expenditures $ 2992 13 

Endowment fund, cash 1 116 23 

Endowment fund, bonds 25150 00 

Available cash. Treasurer 334 02 

Imprest cash, Secretary no 00 

$29702 38 
Advance Subscription Fund. 

Amount on hand June i $ 770 30 

Receipts to September i 567 25 

$ 1337 55 
Advanced to running expenses 
of Association 1000 00 

$ 337 55 
Respectfully submitted, 
WiLFRKo B. Shaw, Secretary. 


Alumni arc requested to contribute to this department. When newspaper clippings arc sent, bo 
sure that date and place are stated. Distinguish between date of paper and date of event recorded. 
Report all errors at once. Addressed envelopes will be furnished to anyone who will use them in 
regularly sending news for these columns. 

The different departments and classes are distinguished as follows: Where simply the year of 
graduation or the period of residence is stated, the literary department is indicated: e, stands for 
engineering department; m, medical; 1, law; p, pharmacy; h, homoeopathic; d, dental; (hon.) honorary. 
Two figures preceded bjr an apostrophe indicate the year of graduation. Two figures separated from 
two others by a dash, indicate the period of residence of a non-graduate. 


•78. G. F. Allmcndinger, Ann Arbor, Secretary. 

Hon. Julius Garst, '78m, in the late primaries 
secured the Republican nomination for State 
Senator from the Second District. This district 
is strong Republican, and the nomination is 
equivalent to election. 


•8a. Wm. B. Cady. 904 Union Trust Bldg., 
Detroit, Secretary. 

Dr. Albert B. Hale, '82, h'83-'84, of the Pan 
American ITnion, was the speaker at a luncheon 
of the Columbus, Ohio, Chamber of Commerce, 
held on September 4, at the Virginia Hotel. Dr. 
Hale's subject was "How to Get South American 
Trade," a subject on which he is a recognized 


'84. Mrs. Fred N. Scott, Ann Arbor, Secretary. 
'84d. Lyndall L. Davis, 6 Madison St., Chicago, 
HI., Secretary. 

Edward T. Taylor, '84I, of Glcnwood Springs. 
Colo., has represented his state as congressman 
at large for two terms. He is a I>emocrat, and 
is likely to be returned for a third term. Mr. 
Taylor is an ardent advocate of Woman Suffrage, 
as every Colorado man has to be. 


'85. John O. Reed, Ann Arbor, Secretary. 

H. Robert Fowler, '85I, is serving his second 
term as Democratic congressman representing the 
24th Illinois congressional district. Between ses- 
sions Mr. Fowler is in active practice of the law. 

John B. Barnhill, r83-*84, of Xenia, Clay 
Co., HI., is a candidate for the Democratic nomi- 
nation as congressman at large. For some time 
past Mr. Barnhill has been at Washington, D. C. 

Digitized by 






'87. Lotus P. Tocelyn, Ann Arbor, Secretary. 
'87m. G. Carl Huber, Ann Arbor, Secretary. 

David E. Heineman, '87, has changed his office 
address to 1706 Dime Bank Bldg., Detroit, Mich. 
Mr. Heineman was elected in June as one of the 
Directors of the Alumni Association. 

Merv'in A. Jones, '87p, of Ypsilanti, Mich., is 
State Drug Inspector. 

Dean Julius O. Schlotterbeck, '87P. *9i, re- 
turned at the opening of college to take up his 
duties after a two years' leave of absence. Dr. 
Schlotterbeck has been with J. Hunger ford Smith, 
'77P. of Rochester, N. Y., where he installed a 
scientific laboratory. 


'88. Selby A. Moran, Ann Arbor, Secretary. 
88m. Dr. James G. Lynds, Ann Arbor. Re- 
union Secretary. 

Henry C. Beitler, '881, at present an associate 
judge of the Municipal Court of Chicago, is a 
candidate for nomination for County Judge on the 
Republican ticket. 

Rev. Anson B. Curtis, '88, has removed from 
Speer, 111., to Minooka, 111. 


'90. Katherine Campbell, 311 W. Navarre St, 
South Bend, Ind. 

'9oe. K. Gw Manning, American Bridge Co., 
Ambridge, Pa., Secretary. 

'90m. Delia P. Pierce, 109 W. Lovell St, Kal- 
amazoo, Mich., Secretary. 

'90I. George A. Katzenberger, Greenville, O., 

Rev. Andrew B. Chalmers, •86-'87, who lately 
resigned his pastorate at the Plymouth Congre- 
gational Church, Worcester, Mass., has left the 
ministry, and has been appointed the Baltimore 
manager of the Penn State Mutual Insurance Co. 

George A. Katzenberger, 'qoI, is Secretary of 
the Greenville Building Company, of Greenville, 


*9i. Earle W. Dow, Ann Arbor, Secretary. 
•91I. Harry D. Jewell, a6a Hollister Ave., 
Grand Rapids, Directory Editor. 

Rev. James Chalmers, '87-'88, lately resigned 
from the pastorate of the Calvinistic Congrega- 
tional Church of Fitchburg, Mass., to become 
superintendent of schools of that city. 

Sherman T. Handy, '91 1, is serving as mayor 
of Sault Ste. Marie, Mich. He is also a director 
of the Michigan State Agricultural Society. 

Mrs. Edward Sigerfoos, (Opal Robeson) '91, 
with Major Sigerfoos, visited relatives in Arcanum 
and Greenville, Ohio, this summer, and have now 
gone to Washington, D. C, where Major Siger- 
foos has been detailed to study for a year in the 
Government War College, the last step in the 
military education of an officer. Major Siger- 
foos recently returned from Vera Cruz, where he 
had charge of the battalion police. 

Born, to Kirkland B. Alexander, '96, and Mrs. 
Alexander, a son, Kirkland Barker, Junior, at 
Detroit, Mich. 

William H. Anderson, '96I, is in charge of 
the Anti-Saloon League of New York as state 
superintendent. His offices are at Suite 1219 
Presbyterian Bldg., 156 Fifth Ave., New York 

City. Mr. Anderson has been very successful in 
this work in Illinois, Ohio and Maryland, and 
has already made the question an issue in New 
York pohtics. In the Sunday Magazine of the 
New York World for June 14, there was printed 
a full-page story on Mr. Anderson and his work. 


'97. Professor Evans Holbrook, Ann Arbor, 

'97L William L. Hart, Alliance, Ohio, Direc- 
tory Editor. 

Stephen C. Babcock, '97e, and Elmer W. Hag- 
maier, 'loe, have formed a partnership as chemists 
and chemical engineers, with laboratories at 803- 
805 Ridge Road, Lackawanna, N. Y. They 
specialize in tests and analyses of all kinds, 
chemical, physical and bacteriological research 
work in technical processes and expert advice in 
litigated matters. Mr. Babcock was formerly as- 
sociated with the Illinois Steel Co., the Buffalo 
Union Furnace Co., and Lautz Bros. & Co. Mr. 
Ilagmaier has been with the Pittsburgh Testing 
Laborator}r, the American Vanadium Co., and 
the Firth Sterling Steel Co. 

Born, to Henry Keep, '93-*94, and Mrs. Keep, 
of Belief onte, Pa., a daughter, Margaret, on Sep- 
tember 14, 1914. 

Ferd. II. Pirnat, '97m, is practicing medicine 
in Chicago, with offices at 161 2 Milwaukee Ave. 
His residence address is 2422 Smalley Court. 


'99. Joseph H. Burslev, Ann Arbor, Secretary. 
'99ra. Frederick T. Wright, Douglas, Ariz., 

Directory Editor. 
'p9L Wm. ~ 
Bldg., Chicago, Secretary, 

R. Moss, 542 First Nat'l Bank 

James R. Bibbins, '996, of Chicago, has been 
engaged by the Law Department of the City of 
Pittsburgh in an advisory capacity in connection 
with proceedings for the improvement of local 
transportation conditions in that city. This work 
has the support of the city administration and 
through co-operative study of the various phases 
of the problem with the Railways Company, an 
attempt will be made to formulate reasonable 
and practicable plans for an operative service 
standard, for scientific re-routing in the terminal 
district and for the progressive rehabilitation of 
the property until adequate physical condition is 
reached; this, before the matter is referred to 
the State Public Service Commission. Mr. Bib- 
bins is associated with Bion J. Arnold, of Chicago, 
and participated in a previous Arnold investiga- 
tion in Pittsburgh. He also was resident engi- 
neer for the Arnold investigation of transit prob- 
lems in Providence and San Francisco, and of 
steam railroad terminal development in Chicago. 

J. Leslie French, '99, A.M. '00, formerly stu- 
dent pastor of the Presbyterian Church of Ann 
Arbor, and during the past year Acting Junior 
Professor of Hebrew and Hellenistic Greek in 
the University, accepted a call as pastor of the 
Collingwood Avenue Presbyterian Church of To- 
ledo, Ohio. 


•00. Mrs. Henry M. Gelston, Butler Coll., In- 
dianapolis, Ind., Secretary for Women; John W, 
Bradshaw, Ann Arbor, Secretary for Men. 

'ool. Curtis L. Converse, Hartman Bldg., Co- 
lumbus, O. 

Born, to Frank S. Bacheldcr, '00, '05m, and 
Bertha Lypps Bachelder, '03m, a son, Nathan 
Lypps, at Pontiac, Mich., May 30, 1914. Dr. 
Bachelder is assistant medical superintendent at 
the Pontiac State Hospital. 

Digitized by 






'03. Chrissie 11. Haller, t6 W. Euclid Atc, 
Detroit, Mich., Secretary for women. 

'03. Thurlow E. Coon. 1924 Ford Bldg., De- 
troit, Secretary for men. 

'o3e. Willis F. Bickel, 603 Security Bk. Bldg., 
Cedar Rapids, la.. Secretary. 

'03m. Arthur P. Reed, 8 Franklin Square, 
Rochester, N. Y., Secretary. 

'03I. Mason B. Lawton, 3151 19th St., N. W., 
Washington, D. C, Secretary. 

Charlotte Greist Hanna (Mrs. Roy W. Hanna) 
'99-'oi, has been living in Germany for the past 
two years. She vmay be addressed in care of the 
Greist Works, G. m. b. H., Kaiserslautern. 

Stuart K. Knox, '03c, notice of whose marriage 
is given elsewhere in this issue, is with Nicholas 
S. Hill, Jr., consulting engineer, 100 William St., 
New York City. 


'04. Bethune D. Blain, 1017*18 Dime Savings 
Bank Bldg., Detroit, Secretary for men. 

'04. Mrs. Sarah Hardy Adams, Ann Arbor, 
Secretary for women. 

'o4e. Alfred C. Finney, 33 Ray St., Schenec- 
tady, N. Y., Secretary. 

•04m. George A. Seybold, 41 Sun Bldg., Jack- 
son, Mich. 

'04I. Roscoe B. Huston, Ann Arbor, Secretary. 

Charles A. Waring, 'o4e, has severed his con- 
nection with the electrical engineering department 
of the National Cash Register Co., and is now 
with the engineering department of the Rco 
Motor Car Co., of L,ansing, Mich. His address 
is 1005 S. Washington Ave. 

Born, to Austin L. Lathers, '04, '06I, and 
Efiie Godfrey Lathers, '03, a daughter, in August, 
1914, at Duluth, Minn. 

•Anna Dieterle, 'o4d, is public school dental 
inspector in Ann Arbor, and is also practicing 
dentistry at 122 East Liberty St. 


'05. Carl E. Parry, aia W. loth Ave., Colum- 
bus, O., Secretary for men; Louise E. Georg, 347 
S. Main St., Ann Avbor, Mich., Secretary for 

'ose. Fred R. Temple, 480 W. Hancock Ave., 
Detroit, Mich., Secretary. 

•o<m. Hugo A. Freund, Secretary, 537 Wood- 
ward Avc.p Detroit. 

'osl. Victor E. Van Ameringen, Ann Arbor, 

Walter S. Parsons, '05, notice of whose mar- 
riage is given elsewhere in this issue, is employed 
at the Lakewood OfBce of the Cleveland Trust 
Co., Cleveland, Ohio. 

Lieut. Thomas M. Spaulding, '05, stationed at 
Fort Howard, Md., has been ordered to duty at 
the War Department as an assistant to the Judge 
Advocate General. His address in Washington 
is 1609 22<i St. 

James A, Cutler, '05, '07I, is teaching science 
at Bostonia, Calif. 


'06. Roy W. Hamilton, Ann Arbor, Secretary 
for men; Mrs. Susan Diack Coon, 196 Edison 
Ave., Detroit, Mich., Secretary for women. 

'o6e. Harry B. Culbertson, 814 Ford Bldg., 
Detroit. Mich., Secretary. 

'06I. Gordon Stoner, Ann Arbor, Secretary. 

Roscoe C. Morrison, '06, 'of*l, is examiner of 
titles in the Title (Guaranty Company, Chicago, 

James B. Edmonson, '06, A.M. *io, formerly 
prmcipal of the high school at Jackson, Mich., has 
recently been elected state high school inspector 
for Michigan, with offices in Ann Arbor. Notice 
of Mr. Edmonson's marriage is given elsewhere 
in this issue. 

Clyde L Dew, '06, I'oi-'oa, is night editor of 
the Arkansas Gazette, Little Rock, Ark. 

Dell D. Dutton, '06I, announces that he has 
opened offices at Suite 720 Commerce Bldg., 
Kansas City, Mo., for the general practice of law. 
Mr. Dutton was formerly associated with the 
hrm of Haflf, Meservey, German & Michaels. 

George Philip, *o61, is Assistant United States 
District Attorney for the District of South Dakota, 
with headquarters at Pierre. 

Alvin Waggoner, '06I, of Philip, S. Dak., is the 
author of an article entitled "Oliver Goldsmith's 
Relation to the Law," published in the August 
number of "Case and Comment," a magazine of 
law and literature, published at Rochester, N. Y. 


'07. Archer F. Ritchie, 46 Home Bank Bldg., 
Detroit, Mich., Secretary. 

'07. Mabel Tuomev, 1624 Second Ave., De- 
troit, Secretary for Women. 

•o7e. Harry L. Coe, 79 Milk St., Boston, 
Mass., Secretary. 

'07m. Albert C. Baxter. Springfield, 111. 

'07I. Ralph W. Aigler, Ann Arbor, Mich., Sec- 

Frank G. Tompkins, '07, A.M. '11, formerly in- 
structor in rhetoric at the University, is this 
year teaching English in the Detroit Central 
liijfh School. 

Robert M. Hidey, 'o7e, who for several years 
has been connected with the testing and design- 
ing department of the Packard Motor Car Co., 
took a tlying trip through the East this summer 
in one of their new test cars. 

Born, to Frcderico M. Unson, '071, and Mrs. 
Unson, a son, on June 12, 1914, at Lucena, 
Tayabas, P. J. 


'08. May L. Baker, 513 N. Lincoln St., Baj 
City, Mich., Secretary. 

'o8e. Joe R. Brooks, Long Key, Florida, Sec- 

•08I. Arthur L. Paulson. Elgin, 111., SecreUry. 

Chauncey H. Dowman, '08, who received his 
master's degree from the University of Chicago 
in 1914, is principal of the high school at Twm 
Falls, Idaho. 

Donald M. Mathews, *o8, M.S. (For.) '09, who 
has bet'u in forestry work at Los Banos, P. I., 
has signed a contract with the British North 
Borneo Company to organize a forestry depart- 
ment in North Borneo. The first step will be an 
extensive exploration into the interior of North 
Borneo to see the extent of tlie forests, and also 
what kind of a forestry department the natural 
resources of North Borneo warrant. This ex- 
ploration, Mr. Mathews estimates, will take him 
a year and a half at the very least. Following 
his report, he will be expected to draft forestry 
laws for the country. 

Rev. Mahlon C. Tunison, '08, e*03-*o6, has re- 
signed from the pulpit of the Adams Square Bap- 
tist Church, Worcester, Mass., to take charge of 
a pulpit in Ohio. 

Born, to Phillip Donald Van Zile, *o8, e'o4-*o6, 
and Mrs. Van Zile, a son, Phillip Taylor Van 
Zile, 2nd, at Detroit, Mich. 

Clyde II. Pinney, ro5-'o7, notice of whose mar- 
riage is given elsewhere in this number, is in the 
hardware business in Ithaca, Mich. 

Born, to Burns Henry, '08I, and Mrs. Henry, 
a son. Burns Henry, Junior, September 18, 1914, 
at Detroit, Mich. 

Digitized by 





Thomas R. Woolcy, 'oSc, is now with the 
Eastern Bridge & Structural Co., at their Wor- 
cester, Mass., office. Mr. Wooley has been lately 
married, and is living at the Hotel Bellmar. 

Walter P. Jensen, ro5-'o6, announces that he 
has located in Waterloo, la., for the practice of 
law, and has opened offices at 607-608 First Na- 
tional Bank Blag. Mr. Jensen comes from Poca- 
hontas, la., and during the last session of the 
General Assembly represented Pocahontas County 
in the House of Representatives. 


'09. Edmund B. Chaffee, 1507 Broad St, Hart- 
ford, Conn., Secretary. 

'09. Florence Baker White, 5604 University 
Blvd., Seattle, Wash. 

'o9e. Stanley B. Wiggins, iis S. Jefferson 
Ave., Saffinaw, Mich., Secretary. 

'09I. Charles Bowles, aio Moffat Bldg., De- 
troit, Mich., Secretary. 

Arthur J. Abbott, '09. 'iil, is teaching the 
courses in Pleading in tne Law Department of 
Southwestern University at Los Angeles. At the 
present time, he is teaching the subject of Com- 
mon Law Pleading, and will instruct in Code 
Pleading during the second semester. He is en- 
gaged in the practice of law in Los Angeles as a 
member of the firm of Abbott and Pearce, Suite 
S37 Higgins Bldg. Residence address. The Los 
Angeles Club, 625 S. Hope St., Los Angeles. 

Edwin B. Backus, '09, is minister of the Uni- 
tarian Church of Lawrence. Kansas. Notice of 
his marriage appears elsewhere in this number. 

Hulbert G. Haller, '09, notice of whose mar- 
riage is given elsewhere in this issue, is a member 
of the real estate firm of Stellwagen & Haller, 
Detroit, Mich. 

Robert H. Foreman, 'coe, is employed as a 
checker with the Lewis-Hall Iron Works, De- 
troit, Mich. His address has recently been 
changed from 205 23d St.. to 563 Hurlbut Ave. 

Silas Moore Wiley, '091, became on September 
1 a member of the law firm of Sears, Meagher 
& Whitney, First National Bank Bldg., Chicago, 

Julian A. Wolfson, '091. is now the junior mem- 
ber of the firm of Wolfson & Wolfson, Manila, 
P. I. Mr. Wolfson, with one companion, recently 
made a trip of two weeks through the wilds of 
eastern Luzon to reach the property of the 
Umerai Gold Dredging Company. 


'id. Lee A White, 5604 University Blvd., 
- Seattle, Wash., Secretary for men ; Fannie B. 
Briggs, 107 S. Oak Park Ave.. Oak Park, 111., 
Secretary for women. 

'loe. William F. Zabriskie, 33 Alexandrine Ave., 
E., Detroit, Secretary. 

lol. Thomas J. Riley, Escanaba, Mich., Secre- 

Clarence H. Enzenroth, *io, formerly catcher 
with the St. Louis Browns, is now a member of 
the Kansas City Federals. 

Harry G. Hayes, '10, A.M. *i2, ro7-'o8, who has 
been instructor in the Economics Department of 
the University, has accepted a position as in- 
structor in the University of Minnesota. 

Virgil C. Zener, '10, who has been for several 
years a clergyman at Somerset, Pa., began a new 
pastorate at Johnstown, Pa., about the first of 
October. His residence address is 249 Fairfield 

First Lieut Gladeon M Barnes, 'loe, of the 
Ordnance Department of the U. S. Army, has 
been ordered from the Watertown Arsenal to the 
Frankford Arsenal, Philadelphia, Pa. Lieut. 
Barnes will be assistant in charge of the instru- 
ment department of the Frankford Arsenal. 


'11. Gordon W. Kingsbury, Care Diamond 
Crystal Salt Co., St Clair, Mich., Secretary for 
men; Ethel Volland Hoyt, Ann Arbor, Secretary 
for women. 

'lie. Harry Bouchard, Care J. G. White En- 
gineering Co., Augusta. Ga. 

*xil. Edward B. Klewer, 505 Tenn. Trust 
Bldg., Memphis, Tenn., Secretary. 

'iim. Ward F. Seeley, U. of M. HospiUl, Ann 
Arbor, Mich. 

Young E. Allison, Jr., '11, formerly in news- 
paper work at Louisville, Ky., is now acting as 
associate editor of The Insurance Field, Chicago, 

Alice G. Duncan, '11, is not teaching this year. 
She may be addressed at Thompsonville, Mich. 

Charles J. Conover, 'ii, M.S. (for.) '13, has 
been made a member of the faculty of the Oregon 
Agricultural College, Corvallis, Ore. 

Amaryllis M. Cotey, '11, is critic teacher in the 
Mt. Pleasant, Mich., Normal School. 

Howard S. Fox, 'ii, returned recently from a 
summer spent in Europe. He was in Austria 
when the war broke out, but went at once over 
into Germany in the hope of getting out of 
trouble. His party left Berlin on August 3, on 
the last regular train conveying passengers. He 
had some interesting experiences in Germany, but 
reached Holland safely, where he was able to 
take a steamer to the United States. Mr. Fox 
finished last June a course at Andover Theological 
Seminary, taking the degree of S.F.B. This fall 
he took up his work as assistant pastor of the 
South Congregational Church, New Britain, Conn. 

Louise Hollon, '11, is teaching German and 
history in the high school at Jackson, Mich. 

J. Fred Lawton, '11, has resigned his position 
as probation officer of Detroit to become affiliated 
with the Detroit office of the Mutual Benefit Life 
Insurance Company of New Jersey. 

Woodbridge Metcalf, *ii, M.S. (for.) '12, who 
has had charge of the forestry department of the 
Canadian Pacific Railway for some time past, and 
who has been living in Montreal, accepted this 
fall the chair of assistant professor of forestry at 
the University of California at Berkeley. Notice 
of Mr. Metcalf's marriage is given elsewhere in 
this issue. 

Florence B. Murphv, '11, is teaching English in 
the Western State Normal School, Kalamazoo, 

Born, to Robert H. Dailey, *iie, and Helen 
D'Ooge Dailey, 'o8-'io, a son, Robert H., Junior, 
on September 1, 1914, at Ypsilanti, Mich. 

Dulcidio de Sanza Percira, e'o7-'ii, is employed 
by the Sao Paulo Tramway, Light and Power 
Co., Ltd., of Sao Paulo, Brazil. His address is 
Caixa 219, Sao Paulo, Brazil. 

John E. Parsons, 'iil, is associated with Mar- 
shall Si. Frazer in the practice of law at 1030-1036 
Spitzer Bldg., Toledo, Ohio. 

Charles H. Rogers, 'up, B.S. (Phar.) '13, may 
be addressed at the College of Pharmacy, Uni- 
versity of West Virginia, Morgantown, W. Va. 


•la. Cari W. Eberbach. 402 S. Fourth St.. Ann 
Arbor; Herbert G. Watkins, 445 Cass Ave., De- 
troit, Mich.. Irene McFadden, 831 Third Atc., 
Detroit Mich. 

'lae. Harry H. Steinhauser, 546 W. 124th St, 
New York, N. Y. 

'12I. George E. Brand, 502-9 Hammond Bldg., 
Detroit, Mich. 

Alice M. Campbell, '12, is teaching at Mt. 
Vernon, Ohio. 

Grace M. Albert, '12, is teaching English in 
Central High School, Detroit, Mich., this year. 
Her family moved last year from Tecuniseh, \lich., 
to Cleveland, Ohio, where they are living at 1851 
E. 70th St 

Digitized by 





Allen Andrews, Jr., *i2, 'mI, has associated 
himself as junior member of the law firm of An- 
drews & Andrews, engaged in the general prac- 
tice of law at Hamilton, Ohio. 

Kriemhild Gcorg Black (Mrs. Joseph G. Black) 
'12, is living at 430 Bewick Ave., Detroit, Mich. 

Levi B. Colvin, *o8-'ii, is employed in tiie pro- 
duction department of the Cadillac Motor Car 
Co., Detroit, Mich. 

Helen E. Gibson, '12, is teaching at Iron wood, 

Willis B. Goodenow. 'la, is superintendent of 
schools at Pell City, Ala. 

Julia E. Hallcck, '12, A.M. '14, is teaching 
English in the high school at Michigan City, Ind. 

Ruth E. Hobart, 'la, is principal of the County 
Normal at Croswell, Mich. 

Leo C. Hughes, '12, is superintendent of schools 
at Romeo, Mich. 

Ellen I4. McHenry, '12, ^ent the months of 
July and August in Europe. Harriet h. Bird, '12, 
also spent the summer abroad. 

Born, on June 21, 1914, a daughter, Ann Eliza- 
beth, to Elmer D. Mitchell, '12, and Beulah Dil- 
lingham Mitchell, '13. Address, 823 Geneva Ave., 
Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Sophia M. Moiles, '12, may be addressed at 
Vassar, Mich. 

Mary F. Smith, '12, is teaching at Wyandotte, 

Frank L. Stephan, '12, '14I, is a member of the 
firm of North & Stephan, Attorney s-at- Law, Twin 
Falls, Idaho. 

Marguerite Stevens, '12, is teaching English in 
the high school at Charlotte, Mich. 

Mary L. Taft, '12, is teaching at Bessemer, 

Alice M. Torrey, '12, may be addressed at May- 
be, Mich. 

Maurice Toulme, '12, '141, during the past year 
managing editor of The Michigan Daily, has 
taken a position with The Chicago Tribune. 

Hazel M. Watsoit, '12, is principal of one of 
the Benton Harbor, Mich., high schools. 

Unity F. Wilson, '08, '09, is acting as assistant 
to Dr. Warthin, in the pathology department of 
the University. 

Otto E. Boertmann, 'i2e, is assistant to the 
superintendent of construction of the France Stone 
Co., Toledo, Ohio. His home address is 2329 
Vermont Ave. 

William E. Crawford, e'o8-'ii, is teaching 
physics and mathematics at Bay City, Mich. 

Ernest B. Drake, e'o8-'ii, is teaching in the 
Genesee Wesleyan College, Lima, N. Y. 

Lawrence N. Field, 'i2e, is with the Singer 
Mfg. Co., of South Bend, Ind. His residence ad- 
dress is 44 Rushton Apartments. 

Franz W. Fischer, 'i2e, is with the Liquid 
Carbonic Co., 3100 S. Kedzie Ave., Chicago, 111. 

Harold L. Frackleton, 'i2e, is with the Edison 
Illuminating Co., of Detroit. Address, 185 Char- 
lotte Ave. 

Daniel W. Hayes, *i2e, is superintendent of the 
Edison Co., in Ann Arbor. 

Frank B. Lounsberry, 'i2e, is a metallurgical 
engineer with the Holcomb Steel Co., of Syracuse, 
N. Y. 

Frank W. Steere^ *i2e, is general manager of 
the Steere Engineering Co., of Detroit, Mich. He 
was formerly engaged in experimental engineer- 
ing with the Semet-Solvay and the Solvay Pro- 
cess Co. Notice of his marriage is given else- 
where in this issue. 

Morton E. Thierwechter, *i2e, has been trans- 
ferred from the engineering department of the 
General Electric Co., of Schenectady, N. Y., to 
the commercial department at the Toledo, Ohio, 
office. Address, 171 7 Lawrence Ave. 

Aaron Matheis, 'i2e, was appointed a Cadet- 
Engineer, U. S. R. C. S., on July 24, 191 3, and 
on July 28, entered the Revenue Cutter Academy 
at New London, Conn. After spending one year 
in the Academy and on the Practice Cutter 

Itasca, he was graduated on July 25, 19 14, and 
ordered to the Yamacraw at Savannah, Ga. On 
August 3 he was commissioned a Third Lieuten- 
ant of Engineers^ U. S. R. C. S. On entering 
the Academy, Lieut. Matheis stood third in a 
class of four who were appointed from all the 
applicants over the entire country, and on gradu- 
ating his standing was first. 

Dale I. Parshall, 'i2e, is superintendent of the 
machine department of the Singer Mfg. Co., of 
South Bend, Ind. His home address is 44 Rush- 
ton Apt. 

William C Randall, *i2e, is in the engineer- 
ing department of the Detroit Steel Products Co. 
His home address is 1870 Woodward Ave., De- 

George I. Nayler, 'i2h, who since his gradua- 
tion has been assistant to Dr. Dean T. Smith, of 
the Homoeopathic Department, has been retained 
as assistant to Dr. Hugh M. Beebe, Dr. Smith's 


'13. Karl J. Mohr, 533 Church St., Ann Arbor, 

'i3e. Kirke K. Hoagg, 24 Chandler Ave., De- 
troit, Mich. 

•13m. Carl V. Weller, Secretary, Ann Arbor. 

'13I. Ora L. Smith, Ithaca, Mich. 

Harry B. Blacky *09-'ii, *i2-'i4, is local man- 
ager of the Michigan-Askansas Lumber Co., at 
Nettleton, Ark. 

Howard W. Ford, '13, has been transferred 
from the Pittsburgh office of the Pittsburgh-Des 
Moines Steel Co., to the New York office, 50 
Church St., New York City. 

John J. Krauss, '13, may be addressed at Box 
226, Britton, S. Dak. 

Alta J. Lich, '13, is teaching English in Hope 
College, Holland, Mich. 

Arthur F. Schaefer, '13, is teaching science in 
Ishpeming, Mich. 

Martin J. Shugrue, '13, instructor in economic 
theory in the University last year, has accepted 
a position with the Department of Accounting of 
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 

Russell A. Stevenson, '13, instructor in ac- 
counting in the University, is now connected with 
the Department of Accounting of the University 
of Iowa. 

Norman K. Sheppard, 'i3ey is in the engineer- 
ing department of the Saginaw-Bay City Ry., 
Light & Power Co. Address, 1220 S. Jefferson 
St., Saginaw, Mich. 

Fred R. Sheridan, •i3e, is a draftsman in the 
office of the Superintendent of Public WorkSj 
Highland Park, Mich. Residence address, 767 
Cass Ave., Detroit, Mich. 

Allen F. Sherzer, '13c, has been in the engineer- 
ing department of the Union Carbide Co., Sault 
Ste. Marie, Mich., since graduation. Address, 
318 E. Spruce St. 

Clarence G. Smith, '136, has removed from Bay 
City, Mich., to Midland, Mich., where he may be 
addressed at Box 530. 

Clifford L. Snyder, 'i3e, is with the Algoma 
Steel Corporation Ltd., Coke Ovens, Sault Ste. 
Marie, Ont. For five months and a half after 
graduation he was results man, doing research 
work and plant testing, including the care of all 
recording instruments on the coke plant. In 
January he was promoted to the position of oven 
foreman. Address, "The Bungalow," Sault Ste. 
Marie, Ont. 

Frederick W. Spangler, '13^ has been mechan- 
ical draftsman with the Liquid Carbonic Co., of 
Chicago, 111., since November. Address, 3100 
Kedzie Ave. 

Valentine F. Spring, *i3e, i& a hydraulic engi- 
neer with the Fargo Engineering Co., of Jackson, 

Digitized by 





Roland H. Stock, 'ije, of the U. S. Reclama- 
tion Senrice, has been transferred from Ronan, 
Mont, to Poison, Mont. 

Otto P. Stuefcr, '13c, is in the commercial en- 
gineering section of the National Lamp Works, of 
Cleveland, Ohio. He is in charge of the devel- 
opment of new fields for miniature lamps. 

Merl N. Taber, 'xje, is assistant chemist for 
the National Supply Co., Wagon Works, Toledo, 
O. His home address is 2040 Glenwood Ave., 

George A. Taylor, 'ije, is with the Tungstolin 
Works of the General Electric Co., Cleveland, O. 
Address, 1900 Euclid Bldg. 

Michael Terry, 'i3e, is a designer of special 
and automatic machinery, tools, fixtures and safe- 
ty devices for the Champion Ignition Co., Flint, 

Harold H. Todt, '13c, is in the testing depart- 
ment of the Maxwell Motor Co. Inc., Detroit, 
Mich. Home address, 550 14th Ave. 

Stephen R. Truesdell, 'i3e, is in the valuation 
department of the Chicago and Northwestern Ry., 
226 W. Jackson Blvd.. Chicago, 111. 

Earl W. Tucker, 'i3e, is a chemical engineer 
with the Penn Salt Mfg. Co., of Wyandotte, Mich. 

W. Howard Turpi n, *i3e, is in the traffic de- 
partment of the Chicago Telephone Co., 230 W. 
Washington St., room 34, Chicago, 111. His 
home address is 1725 Wilson Ave. 

Born, to W. Arthur Grove, *i3e, and Mrs. 
Grove, a son. Woodward Arthur, on July 18, 
191^. Address, 230 S. Greenmount Ave., Spring- 
field, Ohio. Mr. Grove is employed in the hyd- 
raulic engineering department of James Leffcl 
Sc Co., of Springfield. 

Helen Hamilton, 'i3e, is a civil engineer with 
Professor H. E. Riggs, Ann Arbor. Her ad- 
dress is 714 Lawrence St. 

Born, to Edward T. Lazear, '13c, and Grace 
Fairman Lazear, '12, at Chefoo, Shantung, China, 
a daughter, Emily Elizabeth, on July 28, 1914. 

John L. McCloud, 'i3e, is assistant foreman 
with the Morgan & Wright Rubber Co., of De- 
troit, Mich. His residence address is 900 Third 

William M. Mills, *i3e, formerly in the U. S. 
Engineer Office, Rock Island, 111., is now em- 

floyed by the Dubuque Boat and Boiler Works, 
Dubuque, la. 

Frank L. Weaver, '13^ who taught last year 
in the University of Oklahoma, is a draftsman 
with G. S. Williams, Ann Arbor. 

The members of the law class of 191 3 located 
in Detroit held their third dinner on the evening 
of Friday, September 25, at the Dolph Cafe. The 
following twelve members of the class were pres- 
ent: Joseph J. Kennedy, Richard J. Simmons, 
Wilson W. Nlills, Edwin J. Mercer, Clifford B. 
Longley, J. Howell Van Auken, Charles A. Wag- 
ner, C. Walter Healv, Allan G. Ludington, Mau- 
rice Sugar, Clifton G. Dyer, and S. Homer Fer- 

Solomon Blumrosen, *ii, '13I, is practicing law 
in Detroit as the junior member of the firm of 
Kllman, Butler & Blumrosen, with offices at 316 
Free Press Bldg. 

James Cleary, '13I, who was formerly con- 
nected with the Legal Department of the Parke- 
Davis Co., Detroit, Mich., has formed a partner- 
ship with Neumann A. Cobb, '13I, with offices in 
Battle Creek, Mich., where Mr. Cobb has been 
practicing since his graduation. 

Hunt C Hill, '13I, and Inman Sealby, '13I, 
have formed a partnership for the practice of law 
under the firm name of Hill & Sealby, Attorneys- 
at-Law and Proctors in Admiralty, with offices at 
607-6x2 Kohl Bldg., San Francisco, Calif. 

Oscar C. Hull, '13I, is practicing law at El 
Dorado, Kansas. 

William F. Maurer, '13I, is practicing law at 
Fostoria, Ohio. 

Alger R. Syme, '13I, is practicing law at Chis- 
holm, Minn. 

Theodore T. Gibson, 'i3p, is manufacturing 
chemist for Merck & Co., Rah way, N. J. Notice 
of his marriage is given elsewhere in this issue. 

Floyd F. Fellows, 'ijh, and Mrs. Fellows (Mary 
E. Pewtress, *i3h), with their daughter Weanna, 
left on September 25 for McMinnville, Ore., where 
they expect to live. Dr. Fellows has been assist- 
ant in Surgery in the Homoeopathic Medical Col- 
lege during the past year. 

Burton J. Sanford, 'i3h, who was Dr. C. B. 
Kinyon's assistant last year, has left Ann Arbor 
to take up the practice of Dr. Humphrey, of 
Toledo, Ohio, who has been appointed to the 
faculty of the new Homoeopathic Department of 
the Ohio State University. 

Rhoda A. Sturtevant, A.M. '13, is teaching in 
Niles. Mich. 

Rev. Paul J. Mackensen, A.M. *i3, whose mar- 
riage to Anna Wurster, '06, took place on August 
5, is teaching in Capitol University, Columbus, 


•14. Bruce J. Miles, ^2 Watson Place, The 
Vaughan Apts., Detroit, Mich; Jessie Cameron, 
619 N. Lincoln Ave., Bay City, Mich.: Leonard 
M. Rieser, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. 

Fred H. Akers, '14, may be addressed at 1846 
S. St. Louis Ave., Chicago, 111. 

Walter H. Allmendingcr, '14, is principal of the 
high school at Hartford, Mich. 

Alida Alexander, '14, is teaching in the Jackson- 
ville Woman's College, Jacksonville, 111. 

Julia Anderson, '14, is employed by the Curtis 
Publishing Co., of Philadelphia. 

Irene Bigalke, '14, and Ilda Jennings, '14, are 
teaching at Howell, Mich. 

Mary E. Bishop, '14, is teaching English in the 
high school at Marshall, Mich. 

Anna D. Block, '14, is teaching in Juanita Col- 
lege, Huntington, Ky. 

Paul E. Bollenbacher, *i4, is teaching in St. 
Olaf College, Northfield, Minn. 

*'Chink" Bond, '14, is in the estimating depart- 
ment of the Detroit Steel Products Company, De- 
troit, Mich. Residence address, 2975 East Grand 

Martin C. Briggs, '14* Js with the Curtis Bros. 
Millwork Co., Clinton, la. His address is the 
y. M. C. A. 

Laura A. Brown, '14, is teaching history at 
Traverse City, Mich. 

Leo N. Burnett, '14, editor of the 1914 Wol- 
verine, is now court reporter for the Peoria 
Journal, Peoria, 111. 

Jessie M. Cameron, '14, is teaching in Bay City, 

Katherine Chamberlain, '14, is teaching in the 
Saginaw, East Side, High School. 

Vernon Chase, '14, is superintendent of schools 
at Romeo, Mich. 

Gaile Churchill, '14, is teaching English at 
Fruitland, Idaho. 

Martha A. Colburne, '14, is teaching in Boise, 

Helen M. Connolly, '14, is teaching English 
in the high school at River Rouge. 

Helen T. Croman, '14, is teaching at Howard 
City, Mich. 

Frank Dupras, *i4, is principal of the high 
school at Baraga, Mich. 

Gordon C. Eldredge, '14, after spending the 
early summer in the east, has taken up advertis- 
ing work with the J. Walter Thompson Company, 
Kresgc Bldg., Detroit, Mich. Residence address, 
160 Bagg St. 

Benham Ewing, *i4. is teaching college pre- 
paratory work in the Detroit Y. M. C. A. His 
address is 184 Bagg St. 

Frances Farnham, '14, is principal of the county 
normal school at Petoskey, Mich. 

Digitized by 





Jesse J. Fitzgerald, *i4, is with the F. A. 
Snider Preserve Co., of Chicago. 

Christine E. Foster, '14, is teaching in Mont- 
pelier, Ind. 

Leon W. Frost, '14, of Grand Rapids, has been 
appointed probation officer in the juvenile court 
of Detroit, to replace J. Fred Lawton, *ii, who 
has held the office since graduation, but who 
resigned to go into insurance work. Mr. Frost 
has been connected with sociological work in 
Grand Rapids. Residence, 32 Watson Place. 

Mary Iv. Gardner, '14, is teaching mathematics 
in the high school at Fort Wayne, Ind. 

Frances Green, '14, is teaching at Crystal Falls, 

Mary R. Haynes, '14, is teaching mathematics 
and English at Williamston, Mich. 

Julia Henning, '14, is studying at Simmons Col- 
lege, Boston, Mass. 

Sophie Hermann, '14, is teaching Latin and 
German in the high school at Bellevue, Ohio. 

Elva H. Hickox, '14, is teaching Latin in the 
high school at Gibsonburg, Ohio. 

Irma Hogadone, '14, is teaching at Eaton 
Rapids, Mich. Residence, care of Mrs. Clarence 

Ilda C. Jennings, '14, is teaching in the eighth 
grade and high school English at Howell, Mich. 

Ethel A. Kenyon, '14, is teaching in the Frances 
Schimcr School, Mt. Carroll, 111. 

Arthur W. Kohler, '14, is in the employ of the 
Woods Electric Company at Chicago, 111. He 
will continue his weight work with the Illinois 
Athletic club. 

Evangeline Lewis, '14, is principal of the high 
school at Howard City, Mich., and is also teach- 
ing English. 

Herta Luellemann, '14, is teaching at Dowagiac, 

Helen K. Loman, '14, after teaching during the 
summer session at Asbury Park, N. J., is now 
teaching Latin in the high school at Marshall, 
Mich. Residence, 703 E. State St. 

Grace E. McDonald, 'i^, is teaching French in 
the Ann Arbor High School. She is living at 
514 Forest Ave. 

Ruth E. Mensch, '14, is teaching mathematics 
in the high school at Boyne City, Mich. 

Beatrice Merriam, '14, is teaching English at 
the Northwestern High School, Detroit, Mich. 
Residence, 213 E. Hancock Ave. 

Bruce J. Miles, '14, is employed as secretary 
to A. Y. Malcomson, of the United Fuel & Sup- 
ply Company, Detroit, Mich. Residence, 32 Wat- 
son Place, The Vaughan. 

Charles S. Morgan, '14, is an instructor in the 
Department of Political Science at Marietta Col- 
lege, Marietta. Ohio. 

Ethel P. Minnard, •14, is teaching English at 
Ypsilanti, Mich. 

Clare H. Mueller, '14, is teaching mathematics 
at Mt. Pleasant, Mich. 

Marjorie H. Nicolson, '14, is teaching in the 
Saginaw High School. 

Rachel P. Parrish, '14, is principal of the high 
school at Stonington, 111., and is also teaching 
Latin and German. 

Ora B. Peake, '14, is teaching mathematics in 
the Battle Creek, Mich. High School. 

Marguerite Perry, '14, is principal of the county 
normal school at New Baltimore, Mich. 

Mary A. Pinkham, '14, is teaching history at 
Jackson, Mich. 

LeRoy A. Pratt, '14, is teaching science in the 
high school at Flint, Mich. 

Marie E. Root, '14, is teaching the fourth and 
fifth grade at Ironwood, Mich. 

Reuben Peterson, Jr., '14, is studving at the 
Pulitzer School of Journalism, of Columbia Uni- 

Alvin Roggy, '14, is principal of the high school 
at Geneva, Ind. 

Ester E- Rice, '14, is assistant principal of one 
of the Jackson, Midi, schools. 

Robert G. Rodkey, '14, and Frank F. Kolbe, '14, 
will fill the vacancies in the accounting depart- 
ment of the University left by the resignation of 
several instructors. 

Maude Satterlee, '14, is teaching mathematics 
at Wyandotte, Mich. 

Lucille H. Scheid, '14, is teaching Latin, Ger- 
man and history at St. Charles, Mich. 

J«an Sharpe, '14, is teaching in the Saginaw 
High School, Saginaw, Mich. 

Lawrence W. Strong, '14, is teaching at Mc- 
Keesport, Pa. 

Helen Touslev, '14, is teaching English at 
Ontonagon, Mich. 

Roy E. Waite, '14, is principal of the high 
school at Marshfield, Ore. 

Alta I. Welsh, '14, is teaching at Alma, Mich. 

Neva E. Woods, '14, is teaching domestic 
science at Vicksburg, Mich. 

Robert S. White, '14, has been appointed actu- 
ary of the Gem City Life Insurance Co., of Day- 
ton, Ohio. 

Gertrude M. Wickes, '14, is teaching mathe- 
matics in the high school at Holland, Mich. 

Erwin Fischer, 'i4e, is employed as a chemical 
engineer with the Independent Baking Co., Daven- 
port, la. 

Edward T. Anderson, 'i^e, may be addressed 
at 55 Kissam Hall, Nashville, Tenn. 

Carl E. Guthe, 'i4e, is enrolled in the Graduate 
School of Harvard University, and is working 
towards his Ph.D. degree. He is specializing in 

Edwin C. Hasse, 'i4e, is in the U. S. Reclama- 
tion Service at Fletcher, Mont. 

Lester J. N. Keliher, 'i4e, is engaged in pro- 
moting work for the Universal Portland Cement 
Company, Chicago, 111. 

Harold J. LaLonde, *i4e, is working for the 
Bituminous Products" Company, Detroit, Mich. 
Residence, 32 Watson Place. 

Isaac J. Van Kammen, c'io-'i3, after graduat- 
ing from the Revenue Cutter Academy at New 
London, Conn., and serving on the Practice Cut- 
ter Itasca, was on August 3, 1914, commissioned 
a Third Lieutenant of Engineers, U. S. R. C. S., 
and ordered to the U. S. R. C. Onondaga, at Nor- 
folk, Va., where he is stationed at present. Lieut. 
Aaron Matheis, 'i2e, stationed on the U. S. R. C. 
Yamacraw at Savannah, Ga., was a classmate of 
Lieut. Van Kammen at the Academy. 

A. O. Williams, 'i4e, is employed in experi- 
mental work for the Hyatt Roller Bearing Com- 
pany, Detroit, Mich. 

Mark T. Davis, '14I, is practicing law in Sagi- 
naw, Mich., with offices at 206 Bearinger Bldg. 

Frederick T. Bradt, B.S. (Phar.) '14, became 
on July r first assistant chemist to Dr. A. B. 
Lyons, of Nelson Baker and Company, Detroit, 

Neal B. Lawrence, B.S. (Phar.) '14, has ac- 
cepted a position with J. Hungerford Smith, of 
Rochester, N. Y. 

Josiah K. Lilly, Jr., '140, is associated with the 
Eli Lilly Company, of Indianapolis, Ind. 

Digitized by 




Arbor High 




Prepares 1 

tor College or for Business, 
in all lines of work. Rates of T 

Has the best of 
uition are low. 



W. M. AIKIN. H. M 




Tbe General Tbeolodcal Seminary 

niiUbliahcd UAdcr the authority of the Gcftcral 

c«ftT«itloft of the Protestaat Bpiacopal Chnreli.) 


The three jean' conne covert the followlaif Mib- 
jcet«>-Hebrew and Connate Lanruaire*; I«iterat«r« 
and Interpretation of the Old and New Testamenta: 
Dogmatic Theology; Kccletiaatical Hittorr; Bccl»> 
•iaatical Polity and Law; Christian Apolofetic* ; 
Pastoral Theology and Homiletict; Christian Sth- 
iea; Liturgies; Blocution and Ecclesiastical Music. 

The next Academic year will begin on the last 
Wodnasday in September. 

Special courses may be elected by graduates of 
Episcopal Seminaries, or by Candidates for Orders, 
•r bT Hen in Orders. Scholarship aid is given where 
needed. For full particulars ana catalogue apply to 
THE DEAN, No. 1 Chslsss Square. New York City 


"-ii—i«i"ANN ARBOR, MICH.-i— ■— 


Mighest grade instruction in all branches ot musia. 

Oredit allowed in Literary Department 

for work in practice music. 


CNARLES A. SINK, Ssorstary 


L B. KIN6 & CO. 


China Merchants 

Hotel Outfitters 

Fine China Dinner ware, Cut Glass, 
Table Glassware, Electric Lamps, 
Shades, etc. 

Rook wood Pottery. 

Keramic Novelties from all parts of 
the world. 

White China for Decorating, and 
Artists' Materials. — Catalogue on Be- 

Estimates furnished for Special Designs, Crests, 
etc., on Syracuse and Greenwood China for Fra 
ternities, Clubs and Hotels. 

80 Library Avo., Cor. East Grand RIvor Avonuo 

Michigan Alumni own the Alumnus; they patronixe its advertiaehP^I^ 

Digitized by 


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Digitized by 



"Clnivereitig flRueic IHouee 


Maynard and William Streets 

A New Store on the Corner 

Michigan Music for Christmas Gifts 

The Michigan Sonjf Book. Price $2.25 postpaid 
Opera Scores $2.15 


YelloTV and Blue Win for Michiffan 

Varsity Mich^fan^s Men of Steel 

Victors Michiffan Field Son^f 

Each« postpaid* 2 7c. Or entire List for $ 1 .25 

I MkUgiui Alumni own tiie Alumnus; they patroniM its adverdsera 

Digitized by L:iOOQIC 





A NN ARBOR noi^ has the finest and best eqtiipped 
-^^ printinff plant in its history. All the year lon^f the 
Press is runnin^f day and niffht turnin^f out text-books 
and other printin^f of hiffhest quality. The ^wheels go 
round twenty- four hours every day in the year at this 
place* and you can have anythinif printed in style, from 
a name card to a book. 


THE Ann A rbor press 


C % peters Si Son Co. U5 HKh »«,««« 

Photo Enifravers Electrotypers Typesetters 

Bottoa, Ma— chujtto 


For nearly forty years— have been the ones to think out, 
and put on the market, things raally naw in sport. 

Are you posted on just what's new this Year? 

Send for our catalogue. Hundreds of illustrations of 
what to use and wear— For Competition— For Recrea- 
tion—For Health— Indoor and Outdoor. 

A. G. Spalding Ac Bros.. 254 Woodward Ave. Detroit, Mlcii. 


A Michigmn Corporation, Organ- 
ised, Inootporated, and Operated 
under the taws of Michigan, 

Furnishing Miciiigan Senrice 
for Miciiigan People 


Wanted — A Mechanical Engineering graduate^ 30 
years of age, who has served an apprentice* 
ship with a large steel company and has a 
record of successful engineering and business, 
experience contemplates a change. Desires 
business connections with a firm that wants 
a hustler with ability and personality to get 
results. Can furnish Ai credentials. 

Wanted — Recent graduate in mechanical engi- 
neering, who has been engaged in railroad 
freight car construction over three years, 
desires a position about the first of the year 
in the same lines. 

In answering these advertisements, please ad- 
dress The Alumnus. 

Digitized by 




This directory is published for the purpose of affording a convenient guide to Michip^an Alumni of 
tho Tarious professions, who may wish to secure reliable correspondents of the same profession to transact 
business at a distance, or of a special professional character. It is distinctly an intra-professional directory. 
Alumni of all professions, who, by reason of specialty or location, are in a position to be of service to 
Alumni of the same profession, are invited to place tneir cards in the directory. 

Professional cards in this directory are classified alphabetically by states, alphabetically by cities 
within the states, and the names of alumni (or firms) in each city are likewise alphabetically arranged. 
The price of cards is fifty cents (50c) per insertion — ^five dollars a year, payable in advance. Cards in the 
Legal Directory section will be published in the Michigan Law Review also, at a special combination 
price of six dollars a year, payable in advance. 

ganftere an^ groftere 



Members New York Stock Exchange. 
Stanley D. McGraw, 'oa* Linzee Bladgen (Harvard). 

Charles U. Draper (Harvard). 
Ill Broadway, New York, N. Y. 



Southern Trust Building, Little Rock, Ark. 


724-5-6 Merchants Trust Bldg., Los Angeles, CaL 

L R. RUBIN, '08L 
401-2-3 Citizens National Bank Bldg., Los Angdet, CaL 


Inman Sealby, 'lal. 

Hunt C Hill. '13I. 

Attorneys at Law and Proctors in Admiralty. 

607-61 i-6ia Kohl Building, San Francisco, Cal. 



Arthur F. Friedman. *o8L 
Horace H. Hindry, '97 (Stanford). 
Foster Building, DenTer. Colo. 


John P. Shafroth. '75. 
iorrison Shafroth, nio. 

403 McPhee Building, 

Denver, Colo. 


DUANB B. POX ,'8i. 
Washington Loan and Trust Bldg., Washington, D. C. 


Colorado Building, 

Penfield and Penficld, 

Washington. D. C. 



Suite 317, Idaho Bldg., 

Boise, Idaho. 



I $22 Tribune Bldg., 7 So. Dearborn St, Chicago, lU. 

Manufacturers National Bank Bldg., Rockford, 111. 


Chas. S. Andrus, '05, '06I. 
Frank L. Trutter. 
333H S. Sixth St., Springfield, IlL 



Suite A, North Side Bank Bldg., Evansville, Ind. 


Suite 406 American Central Life Building. 

Indianapolis, Ind. 

iai6 Bute Life Bldg.', IndianapoUs, Ind. 


Louis Newberger. 
Charles W. Richards. 
Milton N. Simon. 'oaL 
Lawrence B. Davis. 
Su ite 80S-814 Majestic Bldg., IndlanapoHa, Ind. 


Suite 433-4*5 Jefferson Bldg, 

South Bend, Ind. 


H. H. Stipp. 
E. D. Pernr, '03!. 
A. I. Madden. 
Vincent Starzinger. 
1 1 16. 1 1 17, 1 1 18, 1 1 19, I ISO Equitable Bldg., 

Des Moines, Iowa. 


ao9-aii Husted Bldg.. Kansas City, Kaa. 

Digitized by V:f OOQIC 




Wallace H. White. Wallace H. White. Jr. 

Seth M. Carter. Chas. B. Carter. '05I. 

Masonic Bldg.. Lewiston, Maine. 



403-4-5 Nat. Bank of Commerce Bldg.. 

Adrian. Mich. 

OSCAR W. BAKER, 'oal. 

Bankruptcy. Commercial and Corporation Law. 

307 Shearer Bros. Bldg., Bay City. Mich. 


Levi L. Barbour. '63, '65I. 

George S. Field, '95I. 
Frank A. Martin. 
30 Buhl Block, Detroit. Mich. 

Henry Russel. '73. '751, Counsel; Henry M. Campbell, 

'76, '78I; Charles H. Campbell, '80; Harry C. Bufkley, 

*9^t '95I! Henry Ledyard; Charles H. L'Hommedieu. 

'061; Wilson W. Mills. '13I; Douglas Campbell, '10, 

*i3l; Henry M. Campbell, Jr., *o8, *iil. 
604 Union Trust Bldg., Detroit, Mich. 

Ward N. Choate, '92-'94. Wra. J. Lehmann, '04!, '05. 

Charles R. Robertson. 
705-710 Dime Bank Bldg., Detroit, Mich. 


James T. Keena. '74. Walter E. Oxtoby. '98I. 

Clarence A. Lightner, '83. Tames V. Oxtoby. '951. 

Charles M. Wilkinson, '71. 

901-4 Penobscot Building, Detroit, Mich. 


Wade Mill's. '98I. Clark C. Seely. 

William J. Griffin, '05J: Howard Strectcr. 'oil. 

Howard C. Baldwin. Charles L. Mann, '08L 

Henry Hart, '14I. 

1401-7 Ford Building, Detroit, Mich. 


Jacob Kleinhans. 
Stuart £. Knappen, '98. 
Marshall M. Uhl, '08I. 
317 Michigan Trust Co. Bldg., Grand Rapids, Mich. 

NORRis. Mcpherson ft Harrington. 

Mark Norris, '79, '8aL 
Charles McPherson, (Albion) '95. 
Leon W. Harrington, '05I. 
721-731 Michigan Trust Bldg., Grand Rapids, Mich. 



Dclbert J. Haff, '84, '861; Edwin C. Mescrvey; Charles 
W. German: William C. Michaels, '951 ; Samuel 'D. 
Newkirk; Charles M. Blackmar; Frank G. Warren; 
Henry A. Bundschu. 'iil. 

Suite 906 Commerce Bldg., Kansas City, Mo. 

JACOB L. LORIE. *95. '96I. 
6o8-8-9 American Bank Bldg.. 

Kansas City. Mo. 

I $20 Commerce Bldg., 

Kansas City, Mo. 

901-902 Scarritt Bldg., 


Andrew R. Lyon. 

A. Stanford Lyon, '08I. 

Kansas City, Mo. 

Suite 1003 Republic Bldg., 

Leslie T. Lyons. 
Hugh C. Smith, '94l- 

Kansas City, Mo. 


Charles Cummings Collins. 
Harry C Barker. 

Roy F. Britton, LL.B. '02, LL.M. '03. 
Third Nat'l Bank Bldg., St. Louis, Mo. 



634 Brandeis Theatre Bldg., 

Omaha, Neb. 


HARRY C. MILLER, '09, 'iil. 

22 Exchange Place, 

New York City. 


John S. Parker. Franklin A. Wagner, '99-'oi, '04L 

Arnold L. DaWs, '98L George Tumpson, '04I. 

Mutual Life Bldg., 34 Nassau St., New York City. 


Forwarded gratis upon request. 

Eugene C Worden, '98, '99I, 

Lindsay Russell, '94I, 

International Legal Correspondents. 

165 Broadway, New York City. 


$2 Broadway, 

New York City. 

S2 WUlUm St, 
New York City . 


Henry Wollman, '781. 
Benjamin F. Wollman, '94I. 
Achilles H. Kohn. 

20 Broad Street, 

New York City. 


Harvey Musser, '8aL 
T. W. Kimber, '04!. 
J. R. Huffman, '04I. 

503-9 Flatiron Bldg., 

Akron, Ohio. 

535 Engineering Bldg.. 

P. 8. CRAMPTON, '08I. 

Guy W. House, 'op, 'xaL 
Charles R. Brown, Jr. 

Cleveland, Ohio. 


Alexander L. Smith. 
George H. Beckwtth. 
Gustavus Ohlinger, '99, 'oal. 

51-56 Produce Exchange Buildin 

Toledo. Ohio. 


Chamber of Commerce.. 

Portland, Oregon. 

Digitized by 




$1$ Empire Stata BuUding. 


Spokane, Wash. 

621-622 Btkewell Building, Pittsburgh, Pa. 



Suite 523, Fanners' Bank Bldg., Pittsburgh, Pa. 

PAUL D. DURANT, '95!. 
903 Wells Building, 


Milwaukee, Wis. 

0. P. WENCKER, *os], 
IJ06-S Commonwealth Bank Bldg. 


Dallas, Texas. 


907 American Nat'l Bank Bldg., Fort Worth, Texas. 

Main Street, 

Wailulhi, Maui, HawaiL 


41a Continental National Bank Bldg., 

Salt Lake City, Utah. 

foreign Countriea 



Tames Short, K.C. Geo. H. Ross, '07L 
Frederick S. Sclwood, B.A. Jos. T. Shaw, '09I. 
L. Frederick Mayhood. 'iil. 

Calgary, Alberta, Canada. 


C J. France. 

Frank P. Helsell, 'oSL 

436-39 Borka Bldg., SeatUe, Wash. 


91X-916 Lowman Bldg., Seattle, Wash. 


Barrister and Solicitor, 

Rooms 404-406 Crown Bldg., 615 Pender St. West, 

Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. 


Akron, O. — Every Saturday, at noon, at the 

PorUge Hotel. 
Boston. — Every Wednesday at ia:3o, in the 

Dutch Grill of the American House, Hanover St. 
Buffalo, N. Y. — Every Wednesday at la o'clock, 

at the Dutch Grill in the Hotel Statler. 
Chicago. — Every Wednesday noon, at the Press 

Qub, 26 North Dearborn St. 
Chicago, IIL — ^The second Thursday of each month 

at 6:30 p. m., at Kuntz-Remmler's. 
Qeveland. — Eveiy Thursdav, from ia:oo to x:oo 

P. M,, at the Chamber of Commerce. 
Detroit. — Ev«y Wednesday at ia:i5 o'clock at 

the Edelweiss Cafe, comer Broadway and John 

R. Street. 
Detroit. — (Association of U. of M. Women). The 

third Saturday of each month at ia:30 at the 

College Club, ^o Peterboro. 
Doluth. — EverV Wednesday at xa o'clock, at the 

cafe of the Hotel Holland. 
Honolulu, H. I. — ^The first Thursday of each 

month at the University Club 
Houston, Texas. — The first Tuesday in each month 

at noon. 
Kalamazoo. — The first Wednesday; of every month, 
at noon, at the New Brunswick House. 

Los Angeles, Calif. — Every Friday at 13:30 
o'clock, at the University Club, Consolidated 
Realty Bldg., comer Sixth and Hill Sts. 

Minneapolis, Minn. — Every Wednesday from xa 
to a o'clock, at the Grill Room of the Hotel 

Omaha. — The second Tuesday of each month, at 
la o'clock at the University Club. 

Portland. — The first Tuesday of every month, at 
6:30 p. m., at the University Club. 

Portland. — Every Wednesday from ia:i5 to i:i5» 
at the Oregon Grille, comer Broadway and 
Oak St. 

Pittsburgh. — The last Saturday of each month, at 
I :oo p. m., at the 7th Avenue Hotel, 7th Ave 
and Liberty St 

Rochester, N. Y. — Every Wednesday at la o'clock, 
at the Rathskellar in the Powers Hotel. 

San Francisco. — Every Wednesday at xa o'clock 
at the Hofbrau Restaurant, Pacific Bldg., Mar- 
ket Street. 

Seattle. — ^The first Wednesday of each month, at 
noon, at the Arctic Club. 

Toledo. — Every Wednesday noon, at the Com- 
merce Club. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 


Vol. XXI. Entered at the Ann Arbor Postoffice as Second Class Matter. Ho, 2. 

WILFRED B. SHAW. '04 Editor 

HARRIET LAWRENCE. '11 Assistant Editor 


T. HAWLEY TAPPING, '16L Athletics 

THE MICHIGAN ALUMNUS is published on the xath of each month, except July and September, 
bv the Alumni Association of the University of Michigan. 

SUBSCRIPTION, including dues to the Association. $1.50 per year (foreign postage, 50c per year 
additional); life memberships including subscription, $35.00, in seven annual payments, four-fifths 
of which goes to a permanent fund held in trust by the Treasurer of the University of Michigan 

CHANGES OP ADDRESS must be received at least ten days before date of issue. Subscribers chang- 
ing address should notify the General Secretary of the Alumni Association, Ann Arbor, promptly, 
in advance if possible, of such change. Otherwise the Alumni Association will not be responsible 
for the deliveiy of The Alumnus. 

DISCONTINUANCES. — If any annual subscriber wishes his copy of the paper discontinued at the 
expiration of his 8ubscrii>tion, notice to that effect should be sent with the subscription, or at its 
expu-ation. Otherwise it is understood that a continuance of the subscription is desired. 

REMITTANCES should be sent by Check, Express Order, or Money Order, payable to order of The 
Alumni Association of the University of Michigan. 

LETTERS should be addressed: 




VICTOR HUGO LANE. '74c, '78I, Ann Arbor. Michigan President 

JUNIUS E. BEAL. '82, Ann Arbor, Michigan Vice-President 

LOUIS PARKER JOCELYN, '87. Ann Arbor, Michigan Secretary 

GOTTHELP CARL HUBER, '87m, Ann Arbor, Michigan Treasurer 

HENRY WOOLSEY DOUGLAS, 'poe, Ann Arbor, Michigan 

DAVID EMIL HEINEMAN, •87. Detroit. Michigan 

ELSIE SEELYE PRATT. '04m, Ann Arbor, Michigan 

WILFRED BYRON SHAW, '04. Ann Arbor, Michigan General Secretary 



lociation). Dr. Urban 

, *ii, '13I, 1027 First 
ningham, Ala. 
, HoUis S. Baker, 'lo. 
►unty), Woolsey W. 

9I, Phoenix, Ariz, 
ir Battles, '88m. 
{. Atkinson, '05. 
y, Mich., Will Wells, 

Big Rapids, Mich., Mary McNemey, '03. 
Billings, Mont., James L. Davis, '07I. 
BuflFalo, N. Y., Henry W. Willis, '02, 193 Massa- 
chusetts Ave. 
Boston, Mass. (New England Association), Erwin 

R. Hurst, '13, c'o9-'io, 161 Devonshire St. 
Canton, O. (Stark County), Thomas H. Leahy, 

'12I, 20 Eagle Block. 
Caro, Mich. (Tuscola Co.), Lewis G. Seeley, '94. 
Central California. See San Francisco. 
Central Illinois, Oramel B. Irwin, '99I, 205 S. 5th 

St., Sprin^eld, 111. 
Central Ohio Association, Richard D. Ewing, 

'96e, care of American Book Co., Columbus, O. 
Charlevoix. Mich. (Charlevoix Co.), Frederick W. 

Mayne, *8il. 
Charlotte, Mich., E. P. Hopkins, Secretary. 
Chattanooga, Tenn., O. Richard Hardy, '9Z, care 

of Portland Cement Co., President. 
Chicago Alumnae, Mrs. E. W. Connable, •96-'oo, 

Winnetka, 111. 

(Continued on 

Chicago, 111., Beverly B. Vedder, '09, *i2l, 1414 
Monadnock Block. 

Chicago Engineering, Emanuel Anderson, '996, 
5301 Kenmore Ave. 

Cincinnati, Ohio, Charles C Benedict, '02, xaay 
Union Trust Bldg. 

Cleveland, O., Irving L. Evans, 'lol, 702 Western 
Reserve Bldg. 

Coldwater, Mich. (Branch Co.), Hugh W. Clarke, 

Copper Country, Katherine Douglas, '08, L'Anae. 

Denver, Colo., Howard W. Wilson. '13, care Inter- 
state Trust Co., Cor. isth and Stout Sts. 

Des Moines, la. See Iowa. 

Detroit, Mich., James M. O'Dea, 'o9e, 71 Broad- 

Detroit, Mich. (Association of U. of M. Women), 
Genevieve K. Duffy, '93, A.M. '94, 7 Marston 

Duluth, Minn., John T. Kenny, '09, *iil, 509 
First National Bank Bldg. 

Erie, Pa., Mrs. Augustus H. Roth, 264 W. xoth St 

Escanaba, Mich., Blanche D. Fenton, '08. 

Eugene, Ore., Clyde N. Johnson, '08I. 

Flint, Mich., Arthur J. Reynolds, 'o3h. 

Fort Wayne, Ind., Edward G. Hoffman, *03L 

Galesburg, III, Mrs. Arthur C. Roberts, '97. 

Gary, Ind., John O. Butler, *02d. 

Grand Rapids, Mich., Dr. John R. Rogers, '90, 

Grand Rapids Alumnae Association, Marion N. 
Frost, *io, 627 Fountain St, N. E. 
next page) 

Digitized by L:f OOQIC 



Greenville (Montcalm County), C Sophus John- 
son, 'xol. 
Hastings, (Barry Co.), Mich., M. £. Osborne, '06. 
Hillsdale (Hillsdale (Jount^), Mich., Z. Beatrice 

Haskins, Mosherville, Mich. 
Honolulu, T. H., Vitaro Mitamura, '09m. 
Idaho Association, Qare S. Hunter, ro6-*io, 

Idaho Bldg., Boise, Id. 
Indianapolis, Ind., Laura Donnan, '79, 316 N. 

Capitol Ave. 
Ingham County, Charles S. Robinson, '07, East 

Lansing, Mich. 
Ionia, Mich. (Ionia Co.), Mrs. Mary Jackson 

Bates, '89-*9a. 
Iowa Association, Orville S. Franklin, 'ojl, Young- 

erman Bldf., Des Moines. 
Ironwood. Mich^ Ralph Hicks, '9a-'o3, '990. 
Ithaca, Mich. (Gratiot Co.), Judge Kelly S. Searl, 

Jackson, Mich. (Jackson County), George H. 

Curtis, '04. 
Kansas Oty. Mo., William P. Pinkerton, 'iil, 

Scarritt Bldfr. 
Kalamazoo, Mich., Andrew Lcnderink. *o8e. 
Kenosha, Wis., Claudius G. Pendill, '13, 405 

Prairie Ave. 
Lima, Ohio, Ralph P. MacKenzie, 'izl. Holmes 

Los Angeles, C^lif., Raymond S. Taylor, '13I, 

Sao Union Oil Bldg. 
Louisville, Ky., A. Stanley Newhall, '23I, Louis- 
ville Trust Bldg. 
Lndington, Mich. (Mason Co.), T. M. Sawyer, '98, 

Manila, P. I. (Association of the Philippine 

Islands), (George A. Malcolm, '04, '06I, care 

of University of the Philippines. 
Manistee, Mich. (Manistee Co.), Mrs. Winnogene 

R. Scott, '07. 
Manistique, Mich. (Schoolcraft Co.), HoUis H. 

Harshmain. 'o6-'o9. 
Marquette, Mich. 

Menominee, Mich., Katherine M. Stiles, '05 -'06. 
Milwaukee, Wis. (Wisconsin Association), Henry 

E. McDonnell, 'o4e, 6x9 Cudahy Apts. 
Minneapolis Alumnae Association, Mrs. Kather- 
ine Anna Gedney, *9^d, 1808 W. ^i St. 
Minneapolis, (University of Michigan Women's 

Qub), Minnie Duensing, '04, 911 Sixth Ave. S. 
Missouri Valley, Carl E. Paulson, e*04-*o7, 539 Bam- 

deis Bldg , Omaha, Neb. 
Monroe, Mich. (Monroe Co.), Harry H. Howett, 

A.M. '09. 
Mt. Clemens, Mich., Henry O. Chapoton, '94. 
Mt. Pleasant, Mich., M. Louise 0>nverse, '86, Act- 
' ing Secretarpr. 
Muskegon, Mich. (Muskegon Co.), Lucy N. 

New England Association, Erwin R. Hurst, '13, 

e'o9-'io, x6i Devonshire St., Boston, Mass. 
Newport News, Va., Emery Cox, 'lae, 215 30th St. 
New York Oty, Wade (ireene, '05I, 149 Broad- 
New York Alumnae, Mrs. Rena Mosher Van 

Slyke, '07, X018 E. 163d St. 
North Central Ohio, Leo C. Kugel, e'o4-'o4. '08, 

North Dakota, William P. Burnett, '05I, Dickin- 
son, N. Dak. 
Northwest, John E. Jimell, '07I, 935 Plymouth 

Bldg., Minneapolis. Minn. 
Oakland County, Allen McLaughlin, 'lod, Pon- 

tiac, Mich. 
Oklahoma, Lucius Babcock, '95-'97, 'ool, El Reno, 

Olympia, Wash., Thomas L. O'Lcary, *o8, *iol. 

Omaha, Neb. See Missouri Valley. 
Oshkosh, Wis. (Pox River Valley Association), 

Aldda J. Peters, *o8. 
Owosso, Mich. (Shiawassee County), Leon P. 

Miner, '09. 

Pasadena Alumni Association, Alvick A. Pearson, 

'94, 203 Kendall Bldg. 
Pasadena Alumnae Association, Alice C Brown, 

'97m, 456 N. Lake St. 
Petoskey, Mich. (Emmet Co.) Mrs. Minnie W. 

Philadelphia, Pa., William Ralph HaU, '05, 808 

Witherspoon Bldg. 
Philadelphia Alumnae, Caroline E. De (keene, 

'o^, 140 E. x6 St. 
Philippine Islands, (^eo. A. Malcolm, '04, '06I, 

Manila, P. I. 
Pittsburgh, Pa., (George W. Hanson, 'o9e, care of 

Legal Dept., Westinghouse Elec & Mfg. C^o., 

East PitUbursh. 
Port Huron, Mich. (St. (^air (^. Association), 


Benjamin R. Whipple, '92. 
Portland, Ore., Junius V. Ohmart, *07l» 

Broadway Bldg. 
Porto Rico, Pedro del Valle, '91m, San Juan, P. R. 
Providence. R. I. (Rhode Island Association), 

Harold R. Curtis, '12I, Turks Head Bldg. 
Rochester, N. Y., Ralph H. Culley, '10, 514 

Wilder Bldg. 
Rocky Mountain Association, Howard W. Wilson, 

*i3. Interstate Trust Co., Denver, Colo. 
Saginaw, Mich., Robert H. Cook, '98-'o3, '06I, 516 

Thompson Street 
Saginaw Valley Alumnae Association, Mrs. Floyd 

Rai ' " • '^ "' ' - '^^ ^-' ^'- 


Boyd ^- 

San Diego, Calif., Edwin H. Crabtree, '12m, Me- 

^andall, '09, 200 S. Walnut St., Bay City, 
alt Lake City, Utah, WilUam E. Ry<* * * 
Boyd Park Bldg. 

Utah, WilUam E. Rydalch, 'ool. 

Neece Bldg. 
San Francisco, Calif., Inman Sealby, '12!, 247s 

Pacific Ave. 
Schnectady, N. Y., J. Edward Keams, c'oo-'oi, 

126 Glen wood Blvd. 
Seattle, Wash., Frank S. Hall, 'o2-'o4> University 

of Washington Museum. 
St Ignace, Mich. (Mackinac Co.), Frank E. Dun- 

ster, 'o6d. 
St Johns, Mich. (Clinton Co.), Frank P. Buck, 'o6w 
St Louis, Mo., (George D. Harris, '99I, 1626 Pierce 

St Louis, Mo. (Alumnae Association), Mn. 

Maude Staiffer Steincr, '10, 5338 Bartmer Ave. 
St Paul and Minneapolis. See Northwest 
Sault Ste. Marie, Mich. (Chippewa Co.), Oorge 

A. Osborn, '08. 
South Bend, Ind., Miller Guy, '951. 

South Dakota, Roy E. Willy, '12I, Platte, S. Dak. 
" Gai * * ' ** 

dg., Wichita, Ra 
Spokane, Wash., Ernest D. Weller, '08I, The 

Southern Kansas, George Gardner, '07I, 929 Bea- 
con Bldg., Wichita, Kan. 

Springfield, 111., Robert E. Fitzgerald, r99-'o3. 

Booth Bldg. 
Tacoma, Wash., Jesse L. Snapp, 407 California 

Terre Haute, Ind., George E. Osbum, '06I, 9 Nay- 

lor-Cox Bldg. 
Toledo, O., Robert G. Young, '08I, 839 Spitzer 

Tokyo, Japan, Taka Kawada, '94, care Japan Mail 

Steamship Co. 
Traverse City (Grand Traverse, Kalkaska, and 

Leelenau Counties), Dr. Sara T. (^ase, '00m. 
University of Illinois. 

Upper Peninsula, (George P. Edmunds, '08I, Mania- 
tique, Mich. 
Van Buren County, Harold B. Lawrence, e'o8-'xx, 

Decatur, Mich. 
Vicksburg, Mich., Mary Dennis Follmer, '02. 
Washington, D. C, Minott E. Porter, '936, 51 R 

street, N. E. 
WichiU, Kan., (Jeorge CWrdner, '07I, First Natl 

Bk. Bldg. 
Winona, Minn,, E. O. Holland, '92, 276 (^ter 

Youngstown, Ohio, Dadley R. Kennedy, '08I, 

SUmbaugh Bldg. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 


JAM^S R. ANGELL, '90 (appointed at large). Secretary of the Committee . University of Chicago 

EARL D. BABST, '93. '94I New York Oty 

LAWRENCE MAXWELL. '74. LL.D. '04 Cincinnati, Ohio 

WALTER S. RUSSEL, '75 Detroit. Mich. 

JAMES M. CROSBY, '9x0 Grand Rapids, Mich. 

PROFESSOR G. CARL HUBER, '87m (appointed at large) .... Ann Arbor, Mich. 

DUANE E. FOX, '81 Washington, D. C 


V. H. LANE* '74e, '781. President of the General Alumni Association . Chairman of the Council 

WILFRED B. SHAW. '04, (General SecreUry of the Alumni Association . Secretary of the Council 

Battle Creek, Mich., William G. Coburn, '90. 
BufFalo. N. Y., John A. Van Arsdale, '91, '92!, 

4 Soldiers Place. 
Canton, Alliance, Massillon, New Philadelphia, 

and Counties of Stark and Tuscarawas, Ohio, 

Wendell A. Herbruck, '091, 608 Courtland Bldg., 

Canton. Ohio. 
Central Illinois, Harry L. Patton, 'lol, 937 S. 

4th St., Springfield, 111. 
Charlotte, Mich., Edward P. Hopkins, '03. 
Chicago, 111. (CHiicago Alumnae Association) 

Marion Watrous Angell, '91, 5759 Washington 

Chicago, 111., Robert P. Lamont, '9ie, 1607 Com. 

Natl. Bank Bldg. ; Wm. D. McKenzie, '96, Hub- 

bard Woods, 111.; Oorge N. Carman, '81, Lewis 

Inst.: James B. Herrick, '82, A.M. (hon.) '07, 

aai Ashland Blvd. 
Cincinnati, Ohio. Judge Lawrence Maxwell, '74, 

LL.D. '04. 1 W. 4th St. 
Qeveland, O., Harrison B. McGraw, '91, '93I, 

1334 Citizens Bldg. 
Copper Country, Edfith Margaret Snell, '09, care 

Hi^ School, Hancock, Mich. 
Des Moines, Iowa, Eugene D. Perry, '03I, 317 

en), (5ene- 
iton Court. 
, *6sl. 661 
'75, Kussel 
;y, *02, 610 

•92I, First 

r7-*78, 60a 

, 'ojl. , 
)8by, 9ie, 

Grand Traverse, Kalkaska, and Leelanau Counties, 

Dr. James B. Martin, '81 m. Traverse City, Mich. 
Ironwood, Mich., Dr. Lester O. Houghten, '06m. 
Idaho Association, Clare S. Hunter, ro6-'io, 

Idaho Bldg., Boise, Id. 
Kalamazoo, Mich., T. Paul Hickey, Western State 

Normal School. 
Kansas City, Mo.. Delbert J. Haff, '84, '861, 906 

Commerce Bldg. 
Lansing, Mich.. Charles S. Robinson, '07, East 

Lansmg, Mien. 

Lima, Ohio, William B. Kirk, *07l. 
Los Angeles, Calif., Alfred J. Scott, '8am, 628 
Auditorium; James W. McKinley, '79, 434 P. E. 

ley Johnson, '90I, LL.M. '91. 

il D. Durant, '95I, 902 Wells 

irles G, McDonald, 'ool, 615 

Winthrop B. Chamberlain, 
lis Journal. 

I. Women's Club of N. Y.) 
1 Goodrich, '96-*97, 161 Hen- 
N. Y. 
>r. Royal S. Copeland, '89h, 

A.; SUnlev D. McGraw, 'ga, 

III Broadway; Earl D. Babst, '93, '94I, 409 
W. isth St. 

Phoenix, Arizona, Dr. James M. Swetnam, '70in> 
8 N. and Ave. 

Pittsburgh, Pa., James G. Hays, '86, '87I, 606 
Bakewell Bldg. 

Port Huron, Mich. (St Clair Co.), William L. 
Jenks, '78. 

Portland, Ore., James L. Conley, '06I, 439 Cham- 
ber of Commerce. 

Porto Rico, Horace G. Prettyman, '85, Ann 

Rochester, N. Y., John R. Williams, '03m, 388 
Monroe Ave. 

Rocky Mountain Association, Abram H. Felker, 
'02, *04l, 318 LaCourt Hotel, Denver, (2olo. 

Saginaw, Mich., Earl F. Wilson, '94, 603 Bear- 
inger Bldg. 

Saginaw Valley Alumnae Association, Mrs. C^eo. 
L. Burrows, '89, 1013 N. Mich. Ave., Saginaw, 

Schenectady, N. Y., Francis J. Seabolt, '97e, 609 
Union Ave. 

Seattle, Wash., William T. Perkins, '8^, 203 
Pioneer Blk. ; James T. Lawler, '981, 963 Em- 
pire Bldg. 

St. Louis, Mo., Horton C. Ryan, '93, Webster 
Groves Sta., St. Louis Mo. 

Southern Kansas, (^orge Gardner, '07I, 929 
Beacon Bldg., Wichita, Kans. 

Washington, D. C, Duane E. Fox, *8i, Washing- 
ton Loan & Trust Bldg. 

Digitized by L:f OOQIC 

Digitized by V:iOOQIC 















Digitized by 



Michigan Alumnus 

Vol. XXI. 


No. 198 


It has sometimes (S, The net totals for the previous ten 

THEUNiVERSiTrs been suggested that years are as follows : 1904, 3957 ; 1905, 

GROWTH the effect upon the 4136; 1906, 4571; 1907, 4746; 1908, 

University of a 5010; 1909, 5223; 1910, 5383; 1911, 
period of financial uncertainty, such 5381; 1912, 5582; 1913, 5805. 
as we are experiencing now as the __»__ 
result of the European war, is the — »-»—«*. 
exact opposite of what might ordi- ^ j^ ^^ ^ ^^^^^ ^f 
nanly 1x5 expated. At any rate, m- 4,500 sruDEwre course, that in the 
stead of merely holding her own, or in prospect table the grand totals 
continumg the ratio of growth which ^^g ^ „q means 
the University has maintained for the complete for the year. The final en- 
past few years, the attendance figures, rolment for 1912-13 -was exactly two 
up to November i. show a confanua- hundred and fifty more than were 
tion of the striking increase of last e^roUed on November i, or a total of 
year. It is true that we had an extra- 5258. We can fairly assume that 
ordinarily successful Summer Ses- ^he same number will be added to 

IT'^ H* H!'' fu" °"i^ ^/''°.""^^°'; * the enrolment for the present year, 

third of the three hundred odd m- bringing the total up to well over 

crease in numbers. <H The compara- ^^^ q^ Practically all of the de- 

tive figures for the past two years on partments show the same gain, with 

November I in each department are ^^e exception of the Uw School, 

given in the following table: ;„ ^hich the new requirements for 

TO OCT. TO NOV. admissioii still operate to keep the en- 

DEPARTMENT I5» IPM 1,1913 1 ,. 11 xi. •.. i. j u 

y.. _„ orL \Z^ rolment smaller than it had been 

Literary 2582 2520 . ,^^ 

Engineering 1492 1402 a few years previous. The Medical 

Medical 304 278 School had the same experience upon 

^^ ••. ^^ 553 increasing its entrance requirements 

Pharmic no 96 ,** i.x- ^ - • 

Homoeopathic 74 75 several years ago, but is now bringing 

Dental 318 282 its attendance up to the earlier figures. 

Graduate ^ J25 The rapid increase in the Summer 

Xotal 5637 5431 School is especially significant. Here 

Combined courses 115 127 the University has an almost unlimit- 

. _ , ed opportunity for growth. The Uni- 

is easily obtained, so that the anomaly 

Total 7116 6712 of a big institution like the Univer- 

Registered twice j97_ J04 gj^y lymg idle for one quarter of the 

Net. for year 6319 6008 year is no longer necessary. 

Digitized by 





This increasing at- 
SOME PROBLEMS tendance, particular- 
THEY BRING ly marked during the 
last few years, is 
bringing problems which • present 
themselves with equal insistence to the 
Regents, the Faculty and the alumni. 
There is certainly some foundation 
for the feeling that we are growing 
too rapidly to permit of correspond- 
ing internal development. But it is 
a satisfaction to feel that this growth 
is healthy, even though it brings cer- 
tain hardships alike to Faculty and 
students, owing to the form of the 
University's organization, and to the 
absolute necessity of a budget pre- 
pared the previous year. Certain 
courses are inevitably disorganized 
at the beginning of each year. 
Temporary quarters have to be pre- 
pared, and in many cases teachers of 
lower rank are hastily marshalled to 
meet the demand. It takes time to 
make a professor. Reference to the re- 
port of the October meeting of the 
Regents will show how many adjust- 
ments have been necessary, flt Yet as 
one looks back and views the measures 
which have been taken year by year 
to meet these increasing numbers, new 
buildings, an enlarged Faculty and 
new courses which have followed in- 
evitably, one realizes that the Univer- 
sity is responding nobly, and that the 
hardships are only partial and local- 
ized. The really important aspect of 
this whole question lies in its 
bearing upon the final effectiveness 
of the University as a center for the 
dissemination of knowledge and for 
the preparation for life of those who 
enter its doors With the increase in 
size comes, of course, a more than pro- 
portionate increase in the difficulties 
of administration. This is one of the 
great problems for all universities, and 
one which the University is facing 
with at least a certain degree of suc- 
cess. The University is so large now 
that the addition of a few hundred 
students each ^xar makes but the 

smallest difference in the final problem 
of avoiding that impersonality and 
mechanical routine so usual, one al- 
most says inevitable, in so large an in- 

One of the happiest 
FINANCIAL of the features in the 
PROBLEMS development of the 
University is its 
method of financial support by the 
State. To correspond with the Uni- 
versity's growth there is a continual 
increase in the wealth and resources 
of the State, made available at once 
through the three-eighths of a mill tax. 
This, supplemented by the not incon- 
siderable percentage from the student 
and hospital fees and by occasional, 
but very necessary gifts of various 
sorts from alumni and friends of the 
University, make up the total income. 
CI While the capital of endowed uni- 
versities, when wisely and conserva- 
tively invested, always shows a ten- 
dency to shrink, the state university, 
supported by a mill tax, finds its 
capital constantly increasing with 
the growth of the State. The increase 
of $192,000 to the annual income of 
the University resulting from the re- 
equalization of the property in the 
State, made by the State Board during 
the past summer, is a case in i>oint 
particularly pleasing to the friends of 
the University. The total valuation 
of property in the State, according to 
the tax commissioners, has increased 
from approximately $2,288,000,000 in 
1912 to $2,800,000,000 in 1914, result- 
ing in an increased income to the Uni- 
versity from $858,000 in 1912 to 
$1,050,000 in 1914. This, together with 
approximately $400,000 from student 
fees, including the increase in students 
this year, $30,000 from the Summer 
Session, and approximately $260,000 
from the hospitals, as well as about 
$35,000 from various minor accounts, 
gives the University an income for the 
present year of $1,930,000. 

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This is, of course, a 
TIMELY large sum, especially 

ASSISTANCE in view of the extra- 
ordinary increase of 
over $200,000 in the present year. But 
when we have an increase of prac- 
tically ten per cent in the number of 
students every two years, paralleled 
by a constantly increasing high cost of 
living which many an impecunious 
Faculty member will assure the reader 
rests nowhere harder than in Ann Ar- 
bor, where the University, by its very 
presence, creates almost necessarily 
certain abnormal business conditions, 
this increase comes right in the nick 
of time. Comparison with Chicago's 
reported $2,750,000, Harvard's $2,- 
487,000, Illinois' $2,305,000, or Cor- 
nell's $2,207,543, especially when one 
considers that undoubtedly, with one 
or two possible exceptions, Michigan 
has the largest attendance of any uni-* 
versity in the country, would indicate 
the conservatism and business ability 
of the Regents in bringing in the bud- 
get for 1914-15. This was well within 
the estimated income before the re- 
equalization increased the income 
from the mill tax. The University 
may now find it possible to institute 
an increase in the scale of salaries 
which is becoming more and more im- 
perative, and carry out some of the 
other projects which lack of funds in 
the past has prohibited. 

As the President 
FOR ALUMNI Emeritus has so often 
CONSIDERATION said in the past, this 
growth of American 
Universities, particularly in the Mid- 
dle West, is part of the characteristic- 
ally American — or shall we limit it 
even more? — "mid-western" passion 
for education. It has brought about 
practically a revolution within a quar- 
ter of a century. We must certainly 
recognize that the University of the 
present is not the University of twen- 

ty-five years ago. flt This expansion 
brings inevitably, of course, certain 
questions in administrative and aca- 
demic policy that are, in many cases, 
still to be settled. These are before 
the whole University constituency 
right now ; they are for the alumni as 
much as for the governing bodies and 
Faculties. It is even conceivable that 
the students, about whom the Univer- 
sity revolves, may be interested, 
though possibly that is too much to 
hope for until after the football sea- 
son. But even football brings its aca- 
demic problems, flt Some of the ques- 
tions which arise immediately from 
the growth of the University have al- 
ready been suggested. Others equally 
pressing, but which do not come home 
with the same force to the ordinary 
alumnus who is not directly interested 
in educational matters are such prob- 
lems as that of the A.B. degree which 
was touched upon in these columns 
last month, or that ordinarily dreary 
balancing of credit and hours in the 
discussion of entrance requirements, 
which are being considered with par- 
ticular attention in some of the east- 
ern colleges where our accredited 
school system is not applied. This 
again suggests the question of en- 
trance examinations for freshmen as 
against the diploma from accredited 
schools, the system of the eastern en- 
dowed schools as against the practice 
of the state universities The ques- 
tion of entrance requirements, too, 
brings one to a consideration of how 
far the recognition of vocational train- 
ing in schools should be carried in the 
University Such questions as these 
may appear academic and the reverse 
of inspiring to the average alumnus, 
but they lie at the root of the modern 
university system as it is developing 
in its relations to modem life It 
would be of gjeat advantage to the 
University if there were more alumni 
who took the trouble to inform them- 
selves concerning them. 

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This evolutionary 

SS5f,??1!!?S.„^re process which is part 
BODIES. FACULTIES'^ r . . j • 

AND STUDENTS ^^ the modern univer- 
sity is reflected in the 
discussions, perhaps more interesting 
for the ordinary graduate, of certain 
problems of university administration 
involving the relationship of the Fac- 
ulty and governing bodies to one an- 
other and to the student. Dean Johns- 
ton, in his discussion on "University 
Organization" in the October Alum- 
nus might be taken as an illustration. 
There seem to be few who are vitally 
interested in the conduct of a modem 
university who are satisfied with the 
present methods, but the solution of 
the problem has apparently not been 
found. CI A consideration of Academ- 
ic Freedom by Howard Crosby War- 
ren, of Princeton, President of the 
American Psychological Association, 
in the November Atlantic in another 
example. In that very interesting dis- 
cussion, the author points out the fact 
that academic freedom of teaching, 
the akademische Lehrfreiheit, of Ger- 
man universities is of the highest im- 
portance in developing true scholar- 
ship. The American interpretation of 
this principle, however, differs from 
the German. While the German pro- 
fessor of high rank is free to offer any 
course whatsoever within the confines 
of his own branch, the American col- 
lege "seeks to weld its curriculum into 
an organic unity and this necessitates 
a definite apportionment of courses 
among the staff. Freedom of teaching 
does not mean that an instructor may 
offer any course which he deems wise 
without securing the consent of his 
colleagues. It means rather the ab- 
sence of constraint by non-academic 
forces." CI As Professor Warren fur- 
ther points out, the physician, or law- 
yer, is responsible for his professional 
conduct to his medical or bar associa- 
tion, while the scholar is dependent 
for the opportunity to practice his call- 
ing, as well as for his material ad- 
vancement to governing boards, which 

for certain, and quite natural reasons, 
are composed of laymen It is a sys- 
tem which has proved highly success- 
ful from the standpoint of instruction, 
though it is more open to criticism 
from that of scholarship. The curric- 
ulum of most American institutions 
has kept nearly abreast with the pro- 
gress of learning, but the principle of 
academic constraint has worked injury 
to the scholastic profession. 

Michigan has every 
NOT DOWN- reason to be proud of 
HEARTED the team which met 
Harvard October 31, 
1914. True, they did not win, but in 
spite of inexperience and accidents, 
they almost turned the trick. Probab- 
ly, as they faced one another in Har- 
vard's stadium, the better team won. 
But if it did, it was only by the small- 
est of margins. That Michigan, in 
view of the greenness of her team, 
which lacked Harvard's long training, 
and the accidents to such vital spots 
as Hughitt's elbow and Splawn's knee, 
was unable to summon the final punch 
for that last drive in face of Harvard's 
magnificent rallies in the shadow of 
her own goal posts is surely not to her 
discredit. That was where Harvard's 
veteran team rose bravely to the occa- 
sion. CI In carrying the ball, Mich- 
igan made a greater yardage .than 
Harvard, gaining 191 yards, as against 
127 for her opponents, though this 
was more than offset by Harvard's 
advantage in kicking and forward pas- 
sing. Michigan gained 1 1 first downs 
to Harvard's 7, though it must be ac- 
knowledged that on penalties she lost 
70 yards to Harvard's 17. Michigan's 
fine pluck and effectiveness was a reve- 
lation to the eastern spectators who, 
from all accounts, expected a much 
easier victory. The fact that Michigan 
carried the ball 3 yards to Harvard's 2, 
and that twice she had the ball within 
the Crimson five-yard line, must be 
considered in every careful balancing 

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of the merits of the two teams. Har- 
vard, of course, was deprived of the 
services of Brickley, Pennock and Ma- 
han, as an off-set to Michigan's weak 
spots. In view of what did happen, 
and the splendid showing Michigan 
made, we wish, and we speak for all 
good Michigan lovers of the game, 
that Harvard's captain and her half- 
back had been in the game, and that 
Michigan's quarter and fullback had 
been able to play their best game. 
What a game that would have been! 

Modern football 
FORWARD PASSES promises t o justify 
AND KICKS its name again. At 

least the implication 
of a certain amount of progress by the 
aerial route is fulfilled through the in- 
creasing use of the forward pass and 
the recent emphasis on the drop kick 
and punt, even though all of these 
were conspicuous by their absence 
from the Michigan offence in the Har- 
vard game. Where once all was weight 
and heavy mass plays, a few years 
have brought us to another type of 
game. flt There may have been 
more science and finer points for 
the critics to discuss at length in 
the pounding type of play, but 
surely a game calling for resource 
and versatility, wit and accuracy is 
fundamentally better. Now the em- 
phasis on speed at least equals that on 
weight. There was, of course, a cer- 
tain impressiveness in the erstwhile 
battering ram as it pounded down the 
field three downs at a time, or two 
downs and a kick, if the offensive 
weight was insufficient. But it was 
not interesting to the average specta- 
tor. It was not always inspiring even 
to the initiated. The change to four 
downs in ten yards, and the first tenta- 
tive introduction of the forward pass 
did not change the game at once. 
€C But further changes in the rules, 
and at least one season of trying them 
out has worked the reformation. New 

plays w hich the opening of the present 
season has brought to greater perfec- 
tion, mark a new era. While the strat- 
egy of the game and the fundamental 
principles of attack and defense are 
essentially the same, the tactics are 
very different. The heavy plunge of 
the old-fashioned flying wedge has 
given place to a speedier, more ag- 
gressive interference — and the for- 
ward pass. It is all to the great ad- 
vantage of the spectator. We only 
wish the proposed plan for numbering 
the individual players might be gen- 
erally adopted. Nothing could be more 
pleasing to the thousands of alumni 
who only have an opportunity of see- 
ing one or two games during the sea- 




The article in last 
month's Alumnus on 
Michigan's new sta- 
d i u m as compared 
with those now in course of erection 
elsewhere, proves a timely supplement 
to a well-illustrated article on "The 
vStadium and College Athletics" by 
Lawrence Perr)^ in the November 
Scribne/s. Harvard, Syracuse, Yale, 
Princeton, College of the City of New 
York and the high school at Tacoma, 
Wash., each have one of these big 
amphitheaters, while Columbia, Cor- 
nell and the University of Washing- 
ton, in addition to Michigan, have 
them building or projected. OL Quite 
rightly the author of the article sug- 
gests that the two million dollars ex- 
pended on these structures makes the 
question of their ultimate usefulness a 
proper topic for discussion. He be- 
lieves that they stand as monuments 
to the importance of organized ath- 
letic sports, and their recognition by 
the college authorities who place them 
on an organized basis as the only way 
of proper control. The defense for the 
erection of these structures against 
the criticism of those who believe that 
they place over-emphasis upon sport 

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as related to university life, is that, af- 
ter all, they do not create that condi- 
tion, but they are the logical results 
of it. CD^The author maintains also that 
intercollegiate sports have not grown 
out of proi>ortion to college life, but 
have grown with the size and imi>ort- 
ance of the universities themselves, 
and that the ratio has been equably 
maintained. While perhaps there are 
some who might not agree with this 
statement, there are few who will not 
acknowledge that, in the face of two 
alternatives, the abolition of major in- 
tercollegiate contests, or the handling 
of them in an adequate and broad- 
minded way, the proper solution is to 
be found in the erection of these great 
structures. Particularly is this so 
when, as in the case of Michigan, the 
final completion of the stadium rests 
with the ultimate demand. The great 
justification for the expenditure of so 
much money is that they are bound to 
pay for themselves in a short time, and 
to do away, once for all with the great 
annual waste, inevitable with tempor- 
ary stands. 

While the effects of 
UNION CAMPAIGN the great war now 
POSTPONED being waged are not 

very immediate as far 
as the University is concerned, in one 
place it has had its serious effects. The 
campaign for the new clubhouse for 
the Michigan Union has been post- 
poned indefinitely. This action is par- 
ticularly unfortunate because the or- 
ganization of the campaign was prac- 
tically completed. Conmiittees had 
been appointed all over the United 
States and a corps of general repre- 
sentatives had been selected to meet 
with the alumni. All this machinery 
is of course now made partially use- 
less, for the present at least. C^ There 
is a fortunate side, however, in so far 
as the campaign had proceeded no 
farther. It might have been much 
more difficult to drop, once progress 

had been made beyond a certain point. 
The first solicitors in the field sent 
back reports which indicated an in- 
creasing hesitation to undertake the 
campaign, on the part of local commit- 
tees, while tel^^ms from the alumni 
association in New York and other 
eastern cities emphasized the necessity 
for prompt action, which was accord- 
ingly taken, to the great regret of ev- 
everyone interested. OI^This postpone- 
ment, however, does not mean the 
abandonment of the idea. The organi- 
zation is ready, and the campaign will 
proceed as soon as the financial situa- 
tion of the country warrants an ag- 
gressive effort. Meanwhile, the 
details of the organization will be per- 
fected, and the Union will undoubted- 
ly be that much stronger. The present 
year shows no diminution in the stu- 
dent constituency. The membership is 
2,500 as against 2,670 for last year at 
the present time. While this total 
seems somewhat smaller, it must be 
remembered that there are in addition 
a hundred and fifty odd life members 
who were included in last year's 
total, so that the net result is a gain 
for the present year. 


A "Band Bounce," held the week 
before the game in Hill Auditorium, 
made it possible for the Band to ac- 
company the team to Cambridge. 
Nearly $1,200 was realized, enough to 
send forty members of the organiza- 
tion, and Mr. S. J. Hoexter, Faculty 

Fourteen women students are en- 
rolled this year in the Engineering 
Department of the University. Two 
of these are members of the senior 
class, one is a junior, three are sopho- 
mores, and eight are freshmen. Just 
half of the women are entered in the 
Department of Architecture, while the 
remaining seven are taking the regu- 
lar engineering work. 

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To take care of the six thousand 
odd students at the University, there 
are now in Ann Arbor approximately 
1,100 student rooming houses, and 53 
student boarding houses. In addition, 
there are at the present time 62 fra- 
ternities, sororities and house clubs, 
with accommodations for about 1,500 

Karl W. Zimmerschied, '03, M.S. 
'04, opened the series of lectures to be 
given this year by the Chemical En- 
gineering Branch of the Engineering 
Society with an address on "The Re- 
lation of Metallurgy to Mechanics" on 
October 20. Mr. Zimmerschied was 
instructor in metallurgy and quantita- 
tive analysis in the University from 
1905 to 191 1, and is now chief metal- 
lurgist for the General Motors Com- 
pany of Detroit. 

In connection with the University 
Extension work, fourteen secretaries 
of civic associations from various 
cities in the State met in Ann Arbor 
on October 17, to listen to a lecture by 
Professor David Friday, of the Eco- 
nomics Department. It is planned to 
hold similar meetings on the third Sat- 
urday in each month, when lectures 
by different members of the Faculty 
on civic problems will be given. Pro- 
fessor Reeves, of the Political Science 
Department, will deliver the next lec- 
ture on Saturday, November 21. 

David B. McLaughlin, grandson of 
President Emeritus Angell, and* son 
of Professor Andrew C. McLaughlin, 
'82, '85/, A.M. (hon,) '96, died in Chi- 
cago on October 16, from injuries re- 
ceived last summer while diving. He 
was a student in the University of 
Chicago. Professor McLaughlin oc- 
cupied the chair of American His- 
tory in the University from 1891 to 
1906, when he resigned to accept a 
professorship in History at the Uni- 
versity of Chicago. Interment was 
made in the Forest Hill Cemetery, 
Ann Arbor. 

Dean M. E. Cooley, of the Engi- 
neering Department was appointed by 
President Hutchins as the official 
representative of the University 
at the Michigan smoker in Boston on 
the eve of the Harvard-Michigan 
game. President Hutchins had plan- 
ned to be present, but the date con- 
flicted with the annual meeting of the 
Michigan State Teachers' Association 
in Lansing. 

Eight cases containing porcelain 
ware for the Chemical Laboratory and 
a few supplies for the Botanical De- 
partment have been received by the 
University out of the four or five hun- 
dred ordered last March. They have 
been in an insured warehouse in Ham- 
burg since the outbreak of the war, 
waiting for the first opportunity to 
ship. The cases came by way of Cop- 
enhagen, Denmark. 

A special tax to pay the expenses 
caused by the injuries received by 
Russell Jacobs, *i8, when he was hazed 
on the night of October 2, has been 
levied on all the sophomore classes, 
by action of the Student Council. With 
one wrist broken and the other sprain- 
ed, the freshman has been forced to 
return to his home in Coshocton, Ohio, 
and will probably miss a semester's 
work in the University. 

On account of alterations in the ad- 
ministration of the scholarship sys- 
tem at Oxford University, the trus- 
tees of the fund have changed the 
method of selecting Rhodes scholars 
throughout the* United States. In the 
past, scholars have been elected from 
all the states for two successive years, 
while in the third year none were 
chosen. According to the new ar- 
rangements, the elections will be 
spread over three years, the scholars 
being selected from thirty-two states 
each year. For this purpose, the for- 
ty-eight states have been divided into 
three groups of sixteen each. 

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Work was commenced early in Oc- 
tober on the construction of a new 
bath house for the Michigan Union 
Boat Club, under the direction of Al- 
lan T. Ricketts, '15^, Plainfield, N. J., 
president of the Student Council. It 
will be located just north of Tesse- 
mer's boat house. The Boat Club also 
plans to make extensive improvements 
in the beach, and to dynamite the ruins 
of the dam near the old mill, where 
the majority of the accidents have oc- 

The following nine men, seniors in 
the Law Department, have been added 
to the staff of the Michigan Law Re- 
view for the coming year: John G. 
Cedergren, North Branch, Minn.; 
Charles Davidson, Great Falls, Mont. ; 
Arend V. Dubee, Beloit, Wis.; Her- 
bert H. Harshman, Manistique; 
Charles J. Hilkey, Scranton, Kans. ; 
Buell McCash, Bloomfield, la. ; Leslie 
C. McClelland, Calumet ; Karl J. 
Mohr, Pekin, 111.; and Henry Rott- 
schaefer, Ann Arbor. The staff is 
now complete, fifteen of the student 
editors having been elected last spring. 

Owing to the fact that the old Hom- 
oeopathic Building was torn down last 
spring to make way for the new Sci- 
ence Building, the Homoeopathic De- 
partment has been transferred to sev- 
eral buildings which have been fitted 
up for temporary quarters pending 
the construction of the new building 
on the Homoeopathic Hospital quad- 
rangle. In the Prettyman house just 
west of the Dental Building a nurses' 
home has been provided, which con- 
tains eighteen rooms for the accom- 
modation of a part of the training 
school, and a large lecture room for 
the use of the College. Immediately 
north of this building, the maternity 
annex of the Homoeopathic Hospital 
has been housed, with a new operating 
room for septic cases exclusively. The 
clinical laboratory, which has hereto- 
fore been located in the basement of 

the Hospital, has been removed to a 
building arranged for its special ac- 
commodation, and the brick house for- 
merly occupied by the nurses has been 
fitted up as an administration building, 
where are located the offices of the 
Dean, Registrar and Secretary. Ac- 
commodations for one hospital interne 
and for other Hospital relief are also 
provided in this building. The com- 
plete plant under the control of the 
Homoeopathic Faculty now numbers 
eight different structures, including 
the two tuberculosis shacks, and the 
Department has never been so well 
equipped for carrying on its work. 

The second annual Convocation Day 
was set for Friday afternoon, October 
16. Although a downpour of rain pre- 
vented the procession of Faculty and 
students around the Campus, Hill Au- 
ditorium was well filled for the exer- 
cises. After the organ prelude by 
Professor A. A. Stanley, the invoca- 
tion by Professor Emeritus M. L. 
D'Ooge, and an address of welcome 
by President Harry B. Hutchins, Dean 
Victor C. Vaughan, of the Medical 
Department, the speaker of the day, 
talked on "The Nature and Purpose 
of Education." The program closed 
with the singing of 'The Yellow and 
the Blue." 

Presidents of the classes which held 
elections during the past month have 
been. chosen as follows: Senior liter- 
ary: Harry G. Gault, Flint; junior 
literary: George P. McMahon, De- 
troit; sophomore literary: Willis D. 
Nance, Chicago, 111.; sophomore en- 
gineers : George A. Scheibel, Holyoke, 
Mass. ; senior medical : Ezra E. Koeb- 
be, Manchester; junior medical: John 
O. Dieterle, Ann Arbor; senior law: 
Charles W. Burton, Edwardsville, 111. ; 
senior dental: Warren P. Gibson, 
Brent Creek; junior dental: Roy E. 
Moran, Pindcney ; senior homoeopath- 
ic: Robert H. Criswell, Quincy, 111.; 
junior homoeopathic: Camp C. Thom- 

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as, Grand Rapids ; sophomore homoeo- 
pathic: Dwight G. Estabrooke, Day- 
ton, O. ; senior architectural : Samuel 
L. Holmes, Jr., Detroit ; junior archi- 
tectural, Roland S. Westbrook, Sa- 
vannah, N. Y. ; sophomore architec- 
tural: Frederick J. Kolb, Monroe. 

It has been announced by Superin- 
tendent of Buildings and Grounds J.H. 
Marks, '08^, that the new Power Plant 
of the University will be ready for 
work in the early part of December. 
Two days will be set aside for the 
formal opening and public inspection 
of the new building when every detail 
has been completed. The new plant 
is as modem as that of any other uni- 
versity in the country, and ranks far 
above those in use at most of the other 
schools. It is estimated that the plant 
will consume between 13,000 and 
15,000 tons of coal a year, and will 
heat 2,500 gallons of water an hour. 
The coal is shipped directly to the door 
of the building by a spur track from 
the Michigan Central. The cost of the 
plant is $430,000. 

Professor A. G. Ruthven, Profes- 
sor of Zoology and Curator of the 
University Museum, and Mr. Freder- 
ick M. Gaige, '14, assistant in the Mu- 
seum, returned this fall from an ex- 
pedition on the Demerara River in 
British Guiana with a, collection of 
great value, espyecially to research 
workers on the staff and to graduate 
students. Professor Ruthven and Mr. 
Gaige left Ann Arbor late in June, 
and encamped with six natives on the 
Demerara River, about thirty miles 
from the coast. The country was cov- 
ered with a dense jungle, the land was 
so low and wet that they waded in 
mud constantly, and it rained practic- 
ally every day. As a result of this cli- 
mate. Professor Ruthven was taken ill 
with a jungle fever, similar to that 
which overcame Mr. Roosevelt on his 
Brazilian trip, and is still feeling the 
effects of the attack. 

Professor Fred N. Scott, '84, A.M. 
'88, Ph.D. '89, head of the Rhetoric 
Department, has presented to the Uni- 
versity I^ibrary a large memorial vol- 
ume of Groningen, Holland, which 
was published to commemorate the 
celebration of the three hundredth an- 
niversary of the founding of Gronin- 
gen University. It is written in the 
Dutch language, and contains a his- 
tory of Groningen University, with 
photographs and descriptions of the 
art collections at the University. Pro- 
fessor Scott secured the volume while 
he was attending the celebration as a 
special representative of the Univer- 
sity of Michigan. 

Michigan has not only the largest 
wireless station of any of the univer- 
sities of the country, but also the larg- 
est of any kind in the Great Lakes 
region. It is of a ten killowat installa- 
tion, while the wireless station at De- 
troit, the largest commercial station in 
this region, is only a two killowatt sta- 
station. Michigan's set cannot com- 
pare, however, with those of the big 
transatlantic stations, which have a 
one hundred and fifty killowatt instal- 
lation. The University station is well 
known about the country, and many 
letters are received during the year 
from commercial and amateur opera- 
tors who have succeeded in picking up 
the calls of the station. The station 
has a regular operator, Dudley A. 
Nichols, '18^, Wapakoneta, Ohio, and 
it is hoped that two assistants can be 
secured for him. In that case, the sta- 
tion would be open every night dur- 
ing the school year. 

Madame Johanna Gadski, of the 
Metropolitan Opera Company, opened 
the Choral Union concert series on 
Wednesday, October 28, with a recital 
in Hill Auditorium. The program for 
the year includes a concert by the Phil- 
adelphia Symphony Orchestra, under 
Leopold Stokowski, with Theodore 
Harrison, baritone, as soloist, Decem- 

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ber 2; a recital by Ferrucio Busoni, make its annual appearance, with 

the distinguished Italian pianist, Janu- Frederick Stock as director. The 

ary 14; a concert by the Cincinnati Choral Union will present Pieme's 

Orchestra, under Dr. Ernst Kunwald "Children's Crusade, Wolff-Ferrari's 

February 17; and a concert by Leo "New Life," and Bassi's "Paradise 

Slezak, of the Boston Opera Company, Lost." While soloists for the Festi- 

March 12. May 19-22 the regular May val have not yet been definitely erigag- 

Festival concerts will be given, and ed, negotiations are pending with a 

the Chicago Symphony Orchestra will number of well known artists. 


The very interesting proposal for a correlation of courses between 
Albion College and the Engineering School of the University is noted in the 
report of the Regents* meeting for October. Apropos of this plan the 
Detroit Tribune for Sunday, November i, 1914, publishes the following edi- 
torial : 

Closer working connection among the finishing schools conducted by the state 
is the dream of advanced educators in Michigan, and men that have a hand in the 
state's government have spoken words in recommendation of a change. The point of 
view of the educators is that of increased efficiency in education, that of the states- 
men the removal of the evil of duplication in work as among the various institutions 
— for duplication spells unnecessary expense and a tax that might by so much be 

None of the arguments for closer correlation of the University with the technical 
colleges and the normal schools have glanced at the denominational colleges to bring 
them into the plan. From the point of view of the man interested in the economies 
of the case they lie apart, because they are denominational and any new program that 
made for economy for them would not affect the state tax rate. Those persons who 
are interested in the educational phase of the plan will note probably with satisfaction 
that one of the denominational colleges has taken a step which brings these privately 
conducted institutions into consideration. 

Albion, largest of the denominational colleges in Michigan in respect to enrolled 
students, has arranged an engineering course which, by consent of the University 
Regents, becomes, in fact, a University course. It is to be a five-year course, the last 
two years of instruction to be taken at Ann Arbor. Presumably the three years at 
Albion will be devoted to the generalities of the subject and the finishing period 
under Professor Cooley and his staff will be almost if not wholly technical. 

Graduates of this curriculum probably will not attempt to advance the claim 
of preparedness for practical work that graduates of the grinding, thorough engineer- 
ing courses of the University can claim. It is understood, nevertheless, that they will 
attain to the "B.S., Mich." Michigan graduate engineers are accounted among the 
best in the country. Those who come up from Albion and graduate, however, ought 
to attain a standing that will be superior to that derived from graduation at a good 
many other engineering colleges of good repute. 

If the chief benefit from this new arrangement appears to redound more to the 
benefit of the Albion institution than to the University the fact is offset by the more 
important fact that the state institution is to perform a substantial service in educa- 
tion for some of its citizens. The arrangement between the governors of the two 
institutions reflects credit upon both and promises much by way of example. If the 
boards of control of various state institutions were to fall into the spirit of the plan 
it might be that co-ordination in work among the state colleges and the university 
could in large measure be brought about without waiting on legislatures and laws to 
compel the improvement. 

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Michigan's first game with Harvard in nineteen years resulted prac- 
tically the same as the last previous contest between the two universities — 
a victory for the Cambridge eleven by one touchdown. There was, however, 
one decided difference between the performances of the two Michigan teams. 
In 1895 the Wolverines went east with a veteran team, expecting to win ; 
this time it was a green outfit that upheld the maize and blue, and the fight- 
ing spirit exhibited by Captain Raynsford and his men under adverse cir- 
cumstances was such as to make every student and alumnus more proud 
than they have been in many a victory. 

It was a noteworthy achievement to hold the veteran crimson team — 
without Brickley, Mahan and Pennock though it was — as Michigan held it, 
really forcing the fighting for over half the game, and gaining considerably 


The picture shows how close to the line of scrimmage he stood 
The ball is in the air in front of him 

more yardage than was covered by the home eleven. And the feat means 
even more when we consider that, much as Harvard missed her three stars, 
Michigan was seriously crippled by the injuries to Hughitt and Splawn, 
suffered in the M. A. C. and Syracuse games respectively. Both these men 
were able to last through the contest, it is true, but Michigan's plan of 
battle had been of necessity entirely altered by reason of their condition. 
Coach Yost knew that neither of them was likely to stand severe pounding ; 
consequently he laid out a policy of attack which kept them out of the inter- 
ference almost entirely, and allowed them to run with the ball but little. 
Thus much of the time Michigan's offense was carried out by nine men 
only, and one does not need to be an expert to realize what a handicap this 

In another respect than the one mentioned, the game was like that of 
1895. Michigan had opportunities to win^r at any rate to score — ^but 
failed to accept them. "Jii"i"y" Baird, who was the 1895 ^^1^ general, told 
the big mass meeting the night before the game, how chances were missed 

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HARDWICK (at the right of the goal i>08t) MAKING HARVARD'S TOUCHDOWN 
The picture shows how Michigan's line was opened for the play 

nineteen years ago, little thinking, no doubt, that the story would be repeated. 
But it was, though it be said in no spirit of fault-finding. In contrast to 
Michigan, Harvard accepted her one opportunity to score — and won the 
game thereby. It would be unfair to the winning eleven to withhold credit 
for that achievement. Equally would it be unfair to the Michigan players 
to condemn them for what they did not do in the face of what they did do. 

To review the game briefly by quarters: the first, with the wind and 
sun in the Harvard men's faces, was all in Michigan's favor. The visitors' 
attack seemed to take the easterners, experienced though they were, by sur- 
prise, and Michigan here had her first chance to score. Fine plunging by 
Maulbetsch and Lyons, despite the infliction of penalties, had carried the 
ball to the three-yard line, Maulbetsch almost getting across on the last run. 
An open play then resulted in a loss, and on last down what appeared to the 
spectators at large to be a repetition of a double pass — which had succeeded 
shortly before, was a failure, and the ball went over on downs. It was really 
a forward pass play, but the signal was missed, and Splawn's effort to run 
with the ball was foiled. 

In the second quarter Harvard used the wind skillfully, and when well 
into Michigan's territory worked a beautiful forward pass, Hardwick to 
Smith. Shortly after this the versatile Hardwick carried the ball over on a 
straight drive which found the Michigan line wide open, the Wolverines 
having guessed wrong by anticipating the usual Harvard split formation. 

The third quarter was decidedly Michigan's, though Harvard had the 
wind. Maulbetsch showed a streak of ground-gaining that for consistency 

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and sustained power would be hard to equal. He took the ball on play after 
play, finally placing it on Harvard's five-yard line, where, with one yard to 
go for first down, the sturdy halfback was sent at the Crimson flank, where 
Trumbull and Hardwick were stationed. He couldn't gain a foot, and the 
ball went over. It was the last opportunity for Michigan. 

Harvard played for time in the last quarter, but at the same time uncov- 
ered the most impressive attack she showed during the contest, Hardwick 
and the giant Francke playing havoc with the Wolverine forwards. The 
final whistle ended play just after a forward pass had placed the ball on 
Michigan's 25-yard line. 

Taking the game as a whole, I would say that Harvard had the edge 
as far as strategy was concerned, and in some respects showed the gfreater 
football knowledge, man for man, which last is hardly to be wondered at 
when it is remembered that seven of the Crimson players are three-year men, 
while only four of the Wolverines won their "M's" last season, and but one 
of these — Hughitt — was playing the same position he filled in 1913. 

On offense, strange as it may seem, Michigan was more conservative 
than the easterners. Hughitt called for but one forward pass, in addition to 
the one which wasn't played through, while Harvard used four, making three 
of them good. Both teams showed good strength at straight football, Maul- 
betsch, Hardwick and Francke being the outstanding figures in this respect. 
I think most of the spectators would agree that of the three, Maulbetsch 
was the most impressive. He had to bear by far the greater share of the 
burden for Michigan, as against the Crimson's star pair, who were given 
some assistance also by Logan and Bradlee, yet he very rarely failed to gain. 
Captain Brickley paid him what is a great compliment, coming from a Har- 
vard man, when he compared his style of running to that T3f the former 
Harvard fullback, Percy Wendell, who was selected for two or three All- 
American elevens by Walter Camp. 

All the credit, however, should not go to Maulbetsch. The Michigan 
forwards, decidedly green in comparison to the Harvard linemen, did some 
splendid work, bending back the Crimson wall, and blocking oflf the men in 
grand style. During Michigan's marches down the field the Harvard tack- 
les were given severe treatment. Benton, in his first big game, repeatedly 
put the veteran Trumbull out of plays, and Staatz was also eflfective in this 

Harvard's running oflfense consisted largely of the split play through 
the middle of the line. Toward the end of the fourth quarter Michigan left 
the center open to this attack, instead of shutting it oflf by moving a man 
up from the secondary defense, and it looked once or twice as if big Francke 
would get loose. On one play particularly, he broke through with two or 
three of his team-mates ahead of him, but either stumbled or was tripped by a 
Michigan player trying to tackle him. With the aid of his interference, he 
seemed likely on that play to get past Hughitt, but fortune was with Mich- 
igan for the moment. 

Harvard's forward passes were beautifully executed, the end running 
diagonally to a point directly down the field from the place of scrimmage. 

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2 o 





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Hardwick threw the ball swiftly, and one catch at least, that by Smith pre- 
ceding Harvard's score, was unusually difficult. The ball came low, and 
the Crimson end scooped it off his shoestrings in regular Ty Cobb fashion. 
Hughitt, who was coming up behind him, was nearer than any other Michi- 
gan man, but had absolutely no chance to intercept the pass. 

Neither side did much end-running, Hughitt and Splawn failing two 
or three times, while Hardwick made a couple of gains. The Harvard ends 
looked very good on breaking up this sort of thing, and in general play. 

The kicking honors were rather in Harvard's favor, Francke showing 
unexpected ability in this direction. Splawn got his punts oflf more quickly 
than in some of the earlier games, and had none blocked. He sent some 
long spirals down the field, but his average was not quite as good as that of 
his opponents, who also placed their kicks finely. One from behind the goal 
line was a particularly beautiful piece of work, setting Michigan back prac- 
tically to the center of the field. 

Many spectators were puzzled as to why Michigan allowed the Harvard 
punts to drop. It was partly on account of the treacherous air currents in 
the stadium, which make the ball do very queer things, but possibly even 
more for the purpose of saving Hughitt. As a matter of fact, the scheme 
woriced out pretty well, as the ball a number of times bounded back many 
yards toward the Harvard goal after striking the ground. 

The tackling on both sides was pretty sharp, though on a few occasions 
Michigan men seized the runner too high. More penalties were inflicted on 
the Wolverines than on the home eleven, and some few of the Michigan en- 
thusiasts were inclined to charge partiality, but Coach Yost had no com- 
plaint to make on that score, saying that he thought the work of the officials 
very high class. 

The defensive play of both teams brought individuals into the lime- 
light. Reimann put up a stalwart game at tackle, and Captain Raynsford 
did some very effective plugging of the holes in the line, from his position 
behind it. For Harvard Weston spoiled a niunber of Michigan plays, and 
Bradlee, backing up the line, tackled Maulbetsch time after time after the 
latter was cleanly past the Crimson forwards. 

It was quite laughable to hear the Boston people, even including some 
who ought to have known better, talk about their disappointment because 
Michigan didn't "uncork anything." They evidently expected to see a lot 
of evolutions and gyrations that would fairly make the spyectators dizzy 
looking at them. The more astute may have figured out by now that west- 
em and eastern football aren't so different, after all, while the other sort 
are probably much mystified still. 

The occasion as a whole was one that will be memorable in Michigan 
athletic annals. The five hundred or so enthusiasts from Ann Arbor, Chi- 
cago and Detroit, augmented by hundreds of loyal alumni from the East, 
made a fine showing in the stadium, even though vastly outnumbered in the 
crowd of some 25,000. Michigan's cheering was magnificent, and the hearty 
response to leader "Hap" Haff's calls for "yea's" for injured Harvard 
players seemed much appreciated by the home spectators. 

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The Varsity Band, in uniform, with yellow lined capyes, was applauded 
to the echo, both before the game, during the intermission and at the end, 
when it led the Michigan crowd in a march around the field to show Har- 
vard that there were no "sore spots" and to indicate deserved appreciation 
of the defeated team's game fight. 

The spirit on both sides was most friendly and creditable in every way, 
and it was generally felt that the two universities had gone far toward ce- 
menting their former friendship. There was talk after the game — unofficial 
talk, of course — that Michigan would play in Cambridge again next year, 
and that Harvard would come to Ann Arbor in 1916. Some skeptics doubt 
this latter, on the ground that it is distinctly against Harvard's traditional 
policy, but there are many who think it may work out. 

Many hospitalities were shown the visitors by the Harvard alumni and 
students, and Coach Yost stated that he had never made a trip when more 
careful consideration was shown for the comfort of the team by the athletic 

Mention should not be omitted of the mass meeting at the Copley Plaza 
Hotel the Friday night preceding the game. This was in charge of the New 
England alumni, who made a grtst showing, both of efficiency and enthusi- 
asm, on this occasion. James M. Swift, '95, ex-attomey-general of Mass- 
achussetts, presided, and Dean Cooley made the principal talk, in his inimita- 
ble style. Other speakers were James O. Murfin, '95, '96/, of Detroit, "Bill" 
Day, '00/, of Cleveland, "Jimmy" Baird, 'gSe, of Washington, D. C, Hugh 
White, '99, *02/, of New York, William T. Whedon, '81, of Norwood, Mass., 
president of the New England Alumni Association, Henry J. Killilea, '85/, 
of Milwaukee, President of the "M'' Club, and Coach Yost. 

N. H. BowEN, '00. 


Fewer changes than usual are to be noticed in the University Faculty 
for the present year. Only eleven new members have been added to the 
Senate, four of these coming to the University from other positions, while 
seven are promoted from the rank of instructor to assistant professorships. 
Professor Thomas J. MacKavanagh comes to the University from the Shaw- 
inigan Technical Institute as Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineering, 
while Dr. Rollo E. McCotter, who was an instructor in the Medical Depart- 
ment from 1909 to 1913, has been called from Vanderbilt University to fill 
the vacancy left by the resignation of Dr. George L. Streeter as Professor 
of Anatomy and Director of the Anatomical Laboratory. Mr. James Bart- 
lett Edmonson, the new State Inspector of High Schools, is of senatorial 
rank, as is Dr. Alice Evans, who takes Miss Catherine Bigelow's place as 
Director of Physical Education in Barbour Gymnasium. 

Dr. Hugh M. Beebe was appointed last spring as Professor of General 
Surgery in the Homoeopathic Department, succeeding Dr. Dean T. Smith. 
A biographical sketch of Dr. Beebe, with his photograph, was published in 
the Alumnus for last June. 

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Three assistant professors have been advanced to junior professorships, 
Professor Lee Holt Cone who becomes Junior Professor of Organic Chem- 
istry ; Professor Elmer Edwin Ware, who is made Junior Professor of Chem- 
ical Engineering; and Professor Aaron Franklin ShuU, who is made Junior 
Professor of Zoology. 

The Regents have granted to Professor Rene Talamon, who was ad- 
vanced from instructor in French to Assistant Professor of French, and who 
is now at the front with the French army, an indefinite leave of absence. His 
work will be carried by the other members of the French Faculty. 

Professor Morris P. Tilley, of the English Department, is absent on 
leave for the present year, and Professor John O. Reed, who resided this 
fall from the deanship of the Literary Department, is still abroad. He and 
Mrs. Reed are living at Jena. Dr. Claude A. Burrett, formerly Professor 
of Surgery in the Homoeopathic Medical College, and Registrar of the Col- 
lege, resigned his ix)sition with the opening of the college year, and is now 
associated with the recently established Homoeopathic Department of Ohio 
State University. Professors William A. Frayer and James G. Cumming 
are also absent on leave. 

Biographical sketches of the four new members of the Faculty follow : 

Professor Albert Ross Bailey entered the Literary Department of the 
University in 1899, changing in 1901 to the Engineering Department. In the 
spring of 1903 he left the University to become draftsman and levelman for 
the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway, a position which he held 
until March, 1905, when he became draftsman for the New York Central 
and Hudson River Railway. In August of that same year he accepted a 
position in the chief engineer's office of the Baltimore and Ohio Railway, and 
in January, 1906, became chief draftsman in the Maintenance of Way 
Department of the Lake Shore, with headquarters at Cleveland, Ohio. This 
position he held for three years, resigning in 1909 to come 'to the University 
as instructor in Surveying. He is now Assistant Professor of Surveying. 

James Bartlett Edmonson, who has been appointed State High School 
Inspector for Michigan, was bom in Parkersburg, Iowa, December 28, 1882. 
Entering the University in 1902, he was graduated with the degree of A.B. 
in 1906. Six years later he received his master's degree. For the year fol- 
lowing his graduation he was assistant principal of the high school at Ionia, 
Mich., and the next year he went to Hillsdale as principal of the high school. 
In this position he remained for two years, spending the year 1909-10 in 
Ann Arbor in the Graduate Department. During 1910-1911 he served as 
principal of the Benton Harbor High School, going to Jackson as principal 
of the high school there in the fall of 191 1. From this position he resigned 
to accept his new office. Mr. Edmonson was married on August 25, 1914, 
to Miss Bess Josephine Chase, of Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

Alice Evans, who comes to the University as Director of Physical Edu- 
cation, was bom in 1883 in Chicago, 111. In 1905 she was graduated from 
Smith College, and in 1912 from the Department of Hygiene of Wellesley 
College. For the four years following her graduation from Smith College, 
Miss Evans conducted classes in Hull House, Chicago, and after leaving 
Wellesley in 1912 she taught in the Milwaukee Downer Seminary until 

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called to the University. The summers of 1913 and 1914 she spent in a 
girls' camp in Algonquin Park, Canada. 

Rollo Eugene McCotter, who returns to the University as Professor of 
Anatomy and Director of the Anatomical Laboratory, was bom January 23, 
1847, at Vermontville, Mich. He entered the Medical Department of the 
University in the fall of 1904, and received the degree of Doctor of Medi- 
cine in 1910. From 1899 to 1904 Dr. McCotter taught in the public schools 
of Michigan. In the fall of 1906 he accepted the assistantship in Anatomy 
in the University, and in 1909 he was made instructor in that subject. In 
the spring of 19 13 he resigned his position in order to accept the professor- 
ship of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology in Vanderbilt University. He 
held this position until June, 19 14, when he resigned to become Assistant 
Professor of Anatomy'at the University of Michigan. 

Dr. McCotter has published the following papers : "On the occurrence 
of pulmonary arteries arising from the thoracic aorta ;" "The connection of 
the vomero-nasal nerves with the accessory olfactory bulb in the opossum 
and other mammals ;" "The nervus terminalis in the adult dog and cat." 

He was married in 1909 to Miss Erma Gertrude Harris, of Lawrence, 
Mich. There are no children. 

Thomas J. MacKavanagh, who comes to the University as Assistant 
Professor of Electrical Engineering, was born in Bellshill, Lanarkshire, 
Scotland, May 25, 1882. His education was received at the Royal Technical 
College, Glasgow, Scotland, and the Nova Scotia Technical College, Hali- 
fax, N. S. He holds the degree of Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engi- 
neering, and is a member of the American Institute of Electrical Eng^eers 
and the Nova Scotia Engineering Society. From 1905 to 1912 Professor 
MacKavanagh was chief electrical engineer of the Anglo-American Tele- 
graph Company and the Western Union Cable System on C. S. S. "Minia," 
Halifax, Nova Scotia. In 1912 he was called to the Shawinigan Technical 
Institute, Shawinigan Falls, Province of Quebec, as head of the Electrical 
Engineering Department, which position he resigned to come to the Uni- 
versity of Michigan. From May, 1913, to September, 1914, he acted also 
as research engineer for the Shawinigan Water and Power Company. 

Professor MacKananagh is married, and has three children. 

Short sketches of the men who have been promoted from instructor- 
ships to assistant professorships are given below : 

Frank Richard Finch, who becomes Assistant Professor of Descriptive 
Geometry and Drawing, was born August 3, 1883, at Auburn, N. Y. Pro- 
fessor Finch received his preparatory schooling at the Auburn Academic 
High School, and was graduated from the Sheffield Scientific School of 
Yale University with the degree of Ph.B. Since his graduation he has been 
employed in the I^ehigh Valley Railway Shops, at Sayre, Pa., by the Franklin 
Automobile Mfg. Co., of Syracuse, N. Y., and the Oswego Tool Co., of 
Oswego, N. Y. Just before coming to the University as instructor in 
Descriptive Geometry and Drawing in 1906, Professor Finch was assistant 
chief draftsman with Mcintosh, Seymour & Co., of Auburn, N. Y. Pro- 
fessor Finch was married to Miss Coe Lorein Miller, and has two children. 

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Marion Radcliffe, and Richard Gordon. He is a member of Sigma Xi, 
the National Geographic Society and the Society for the Promotion of 
Engineering Education. 

Solomon Francis Gingerich, now Assistant Professor of English, was 
born August 26, 1875, at Kalona, Iowa. In 1902, he was graduated from 
the Academy Department of Elkhart Institute, now Goshen College, Indiana. 
He attended the summer school of the University of Chicago during the 
summer of 1902, and in 1903 he entered Indiana University, receiving the 
degree of A.B. in 1905. In 1907 he received the master's degree from 
Indiana University, and in 1909 the Ph.D. degree from the University of 
Michigan. After his graduation from Elkhart Institute he taught for a year 
in the school, and after his graduation from Indiana. University in 1905 he 
was made Professor of English in Goshen College. This position he held 
until 1907. In 1909, after receiving his doctor's degree from Michigan, he 
was made instructor in English in the University, and the following year, 
1910, he returned to Goshen College as Professor of English. In 191 1, he 
resumed his former position as instructor in English at the University, 
which position he held until his recent promotion. 

Professor Gingerich is the author of two books, "Wordsworth : A Study 
in Memory and Mysticism," and "Wordsworth, Tennyson and Browning: 
A Study in Human Freedom," which was published in 191 1. He is 
married, and has one child, two years old. 

George McDonald McConkey, Assistant Professor of Architecture, 
was born August 16, 1886. He was graduated from the University of 
Michigan in 1914, with the degree of Bachelor of Architectural Engineer- 
ing. From 1902 to 1905, Professor McConkey was employed in an archi- 
tect's office during the summer vacations, afternoons and Saturdays, in 
Springfield, Ohio, and during his period of work with the Detroit River 
Tunnel Co., he studied under private instruction. He also took Freehand 
Drawing at the Detroit Art School. During 1905, he was field man and 
draftsman with the C. C. C. & St. L. Ry., Cincinnati Division. For the 
next four years he was an engineering draftsman with the Detroit River 
Tunnel Co., Detroit, Mich., and the year 1909-10 he was a student in 
Architectural Engineering at the University. The year 1910-11 he spent 
as structural designer in several architect's offices, and in 191 1 he became 
instructor in Architecture at the University in courses in Mechanics and 
Building Construction, the position he held until his promotion to the assist- 
ant professorship. 

Professor McConkey was married four years ago to Miss Eleanor E. 
Eberle. They have a daughter, six months old. 

Ralph Robertson Mellon, who becomes Assistant Professor of Physical 
Diagnosis in the Homoeopathic Medical Department, was bom on February 
I, 1883, in New Lisbon, Ohio. In 1901 he was graduated from the Grove 
City College, Pa., with the degree of B.S., and in 1909 he was graduated 
from the Homoeopathic Department of the University. He received the 
degree of Master of Science in 1913. Since his graduation from the 
Homoeopathic Department, Dr. Mellon has been an instructor in Physical 

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Diagnosis and Director of the Clinical Pathology Laboratory of the Homoeo- 
pathic Hospital. He has written a number of articles dealing with his 
specialty, including "Relation of Veratrum Vinde in the Production of 
Human Pneumococcal Opsonin," "The Effect of Baptisia in the Production 
of Anti-Typhoid Ogglutimus," "By-products of the Law of Similia," "The 
Relation of Fatigue to the Paralysis Localization in Plumbism," "A Method 
of Diagnosis of Streptococcic Sore Throat," "A Proving of Thymol," "A 
Proving of Silicea," and "A Modification in the Use of Wrights Stain." 

Dr. Mellon was married to Dr. Arda J. Esten, '12/1, of Rochester, N. 
Y., September 18, 1912. They have one child, a daughter, ten months old. 

Rene Talamon, Assistant Professor af French, was born in Paris, 
France, July 2T, 1880. His education was obtained at the University of 
Paris, where he received the degree of Licencie es Lettres in 1900. During 
the year 1907-8 he was instructor in French at Williams College, and in 
1909 he came to the University as instructor in French, the position he 
held at the time of his promotion to the assistant professorship. In June 
of this year. Professor Talamon was married to Miss Beatrice Under- 
wood, of Knoxville, Tenn., who is now with his family in Paris. 

Leigh Jarvis Young, who has been made Assistant Professor of 
Forestry, was bom March 31, 1883, at Albia, Iowa. His first two years of 
undergraduate work were taken at Columbia University. For the two years 
following he was employed by the Bell Telephone Company in St. Louis, 
Mo., as bookkeeper, entering the University in the fall of 1907. In 1909 
he received his A.B. degree, and in 191 1 the degree of Master of Science in 
Forestry. The summer following his graduation he spent with the State 
Forester of Ohio, engaged in the study of timber conditions in the State. 
The summer of 19 10 he was in the U. S. Forest Service in Colorado, sur- 
veying, mapping, and cruising timber, and in June, 191 1, he received the 
appointment as forest assistant on the Medicine Bow National Forest, 
Laramie, Wyo. In October of that year he was appointed instructor in 
forestry at the University, which position he has held until his recent 
promotion. The summer of 1912 he returned to the Medicine Bow National 
Forest, and the summer of 1913 was spent in British Columbia, where he 
was in charge of a party engaged in surveying, mapping and cruising Tie 
Reserves belonging to the Canadian Pacific Railway. 

In 191 1 Professor Young published an article on "Reproduction of 
Engelmann Spruce after Fire" in "American Forestry." He was married 
on December 21, 191 2, to Miss Frances S. Graham, '09. They have no 
children. Professor Young is a member of the Delta Tau Delta fraternity, 
and of Sigma Xi. 

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In connection with the placing in the Alumni Building, last June, of the 
memorial tablet to our first president, Henry Philip Tappan, it seems fitting 
to take some notice of his unpublished manuscripts in the University Lib- 

After Dr. Tappan's death at Vevey, Switzerland, in 1881, the manu- 
scripts came into the possession of his grandson. Dr. Rudolph E. Briinnow, 
Professor of Semitic Philology in Princeton University. 

While Mr. Charles M. Perry was pursuing the study of Dr. Tappan's 
philosophy in connection with a thesis for the doctorate, it was suggested 
by Professor Lloyd that access to these manuscripts be secured. Their 
use was generously granted, and, on the request of the Librarian, in 1910, 
Professor Briinnow gave them into the permanent possession of the Library 
of the University of Michigan, asking in return but a tyi>ewritten copy, 
which the Library was only too glad to make. 

While they are now available for any one whose cause would justify 
their use, they are safely housed in the fireproof vaults of the library of the 
institution for which President Tappan did so much, and which has such 
reason to venerate his memory. 

The manuscripts, as given to us by Professor Briinnow, were mostly 
in Dr. Tappan's own hand, and contained in seven packages, as follows: 

I. A complete work on psychology, of 4S7 octavo pages. 

]I. A metrical translation from the German of a considerable portion of Wil- 
helm Jordan's "Nihelunge/' 7 booklets and fragments. 

III. Various fragmentary articles: on universities, sheets 121-140; a "preliminary 
essay," 32 pages; on immortality, 10 foolscap pages. 

IV. Course of moral philosophy, 127 pages ; Cardinal Manning and Lord Redes- 
dale (a letter to the Daily Telegraph), 33 pages; Importance of the study of Moral 
Philosophy, 8 pages; on Greek literature, 4 pages; and other fragments. 

V. Sermons. Two large, and nine small booklets. 

VI. Several poems. An "Ode to the Mediterranean," 8 pages; "Nepenthe," 
a philosophical essay in blank verse, devoted to the soul's relation to the infinite; and 
other pieces mostly incomplete, in all 39 pages. 

VII. An essay on John Milton, 121 pages, large octavo. 

Of these manuscripts, number I, the Psychology, is apparently suitable 
for a course of lectures on the subject to students, and was probably so 
used. Some of Dr. Tappan's students now living might be able to deter- 
mine that question. Much of the matter in this work went into Dr. Tappan's 
published book on Logic, which was copyrighted in 1855. 

The translation of Jordan's "Nibelunge," while holding closely to the 
original in thought and in form, is sufficiently free in idiomatic English to 
draw the reader along with the true and easy swing of the epic poem. 
Professor Briinnow's notation ascribes the translation to "the early seven- 
ties," but there is some reason to think it might have been earlier. Volume 
one of Jordan's work, (Sigfridsage), was published in 1868, and volume two 

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(Hildebrant's Heimkehr), in 1874. All that we have of Dr. Tappan's trans- 
lation, songs 1-8, 10, and part of 22, belong to the first volume. 

Wilhelm Jordan, in 1865, had translated into German Dr. Tappan's 
memorial address on Abraham Lincoln, delivered at the American Church 
in Berlin. A copy of this address, in the German version, was recently 
secured and presented to the Library of the University by E. W. Pendleton, 
'72, of Detroit. 

If Dr. Tappan wished to return the compliment of a translation he 
would be likely to do it soon after the appearance of the first volume of 
the "Nibelunge," a complete "Lied" in itself, in 1868. The following lines 
from the opening of the first song will serve to show with what sympathetic 
force and fine imagination the philosopher's mind could turn to epic poetry. 

"I dare to wander through ways long forsaken 

In the far distant past of our people. 

Awake then verse full of power and sweetness 

To which Nature the mother of beauty and music 

Has fashioned the soul and the speech of the German; 

As the thrush and the bullfinch taught by her instinct 

Pour forth their love songs from bush and from brake. 

But how died away this melodious measure, 

Do you ask all astonished? 

Then hear how it died and how again it has risen." 

There are a nuntber of fragmentary pieces of verse, some of which leap 
with true lyric lightness of foot, but they generally carry a somewhat heavy 
weight of thought. The subjects of these poetic impressions are mostly 
European scenery, especially of Italy, and one is inclined at first to refer 
them to Dr. Tappan's trip to Europe which he described in so interesting 
a manner in the two volumes entitled *'A step from the new world to the old 
and back again," published in 1852. Whether written at that period or dur- 
ing his later residence in Europe, they show the philosopher and educator 
impelled to give his fancy restful flights, and to look on life from a vacation 
point of view. A good illustration of this state of mind is his "Ode to the 
Mediterranean." From its 130 lines the following may be quoted : 

"How sad the desolation of thine isles 
And of thy classic consecrated shores 
Where Heaven bestows its most benignant smiles 
And yields to faith all that the heart adores, 
Where all that elevates, adorns, inspires 
Their origin and bright examples find, 
Where Homer and Isaiah struck their lyres, 
And Socrates and Jesus taught mankind." 

The essay on John Milton is^f such fonn and -length as to be suitable 
for public lectures or addresses. Although conservatively orthodox in his 
religious and philosophical ideas. Dr. Tappan exhibits such a vigorous and 
appreciative admiration for Milton, who has not generally been regarded 
as theologically orthodox, that he seems to have run close to the verge of 
inconsistency with his own philosophy. This is especially noticeable with 
r^^ard to the "Areopagitica," and the right of liberty of thought in general. 
Milton's theories of education he approves and adopts with few qualifica- 

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tions, and passes them on with such lauds and commendation, that it is easy 
to perceive that not all the ideas which he put into university education in 
this country had come from Germany. The following extract from this 
essay may serve to emphasize his attitude: 

"Alas! The age in which he (Milton) lived had not 'spirit and capacity enough 
to apprehend' his rational and lofty teachings. Nor yet have his countrymen 
advanced to the form and method which he expounded to them. The Universities, 
have been but partially reformed, no Gymnasium has come into existence, and no 
general system of popular education has been adopted. But other nations have 
received the light, and heard the voice.'' 

Although the philosophic thought of Dr. Tappan*s day has yielded in 
some ways to the evolutionary pressure of the passing years, there is much 
in these manuscripts besides the personality of a great thinker that is of 
value and should be made more accessible to the future student. 

There has been some talk of a "Tappan Book" to be issued by the 
University of Michigan. It would be a credit to the University and to be 
desired from their own importance if these papers could be preserved in 
printed form, a memorial to our great first president whose name we hold so 
dear and whose memory we love to honor. 

B. A. Finney, '71. 

From the Top of Hill Auditorium 

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When I was asked to give the address for the opening of the Medical 
College I cast about for a subject, but could find none with well defined out- 
lines, none that I could build up in concrete form with a limiting wall about 
it, for my thoughts constantly reverted to the medical student and the 
more I thought the farther away like the distant approximation of two 
parallel lines seemed the ultimate boundary of what we might call the 
horoscope of the medical student. So my remarks must be abstract, touch- 
ing only the points which appeal to me as the essential ones for you as 
students and practitioners of medicine, for us as your teachers and pilots 
through what may be at times the stormy seas of your preliminary training. 

We are all the products of others. None of us are original. We owe 
our conformation of body to our progenitors or to the aflfHctions we may 
have endured in our infancy. Our state of mind we owe to our early 
training and our subsequent environment, our religion or our lack of it. 
We develop complexes which make us antagonistic to certain doctrines, 
advocates of others. These complexes are unconsciously cultivated. For 
this reason we have a feeling of antipathy for John Jones when in reality 
John is a good reliable citizen and may possess infinitely finer qualities than 
we do ourselves. We become biased. After a time, through some unfor- 
seen circumstance, we are brought into more intimate association with John 
and we begin to realize that our apparent antipathy was based i-:pon an 
acquired complex, and we recognize as if by discovery that in reality John 
is a perfectly good fellow. So in the beginning of your medical work get 
your state of mind right. Try to be normal. If you split your infinitive 
when you write don't do it when you think. If you have an antagonism 
for a certain subject and you think it is not necessary for your future success 
in medicine, remember your experience with John Jones. It may be that 
there is a good reason for the detested course, that it is a stepping stone to 
the acquirement of a more difficult problem later on and that after all it is 
a perfectly good course and you would not have missed it for anything. 

As you have been told before you. are all here for hard work, the 
hardest work any student can take up. If your foundations are well laid 
your superstructures can be maintained. Should a flaw occur later on it 
can be mended more easily. Begin your work with the knowledge that 
every required course in the curriculum is absolutely essential for the 
complete and successful rounding out of your medical education. Remember 
that it is for you that this medical school has been developed, for you that 
we seek to advance our science and make our knowledge more exact. You 
are our pride or our shame. You are the end reaction of all our efforts — 
the saving of humanity, the redemption of man. We, many of us, labor in 
our laboratories for months or years to establish a single abstract fact which 
we can give to you in a few words, glad as payment if it may be added to 

♦Delivered before the Faculty and students of the Medical Department by Dr. 
David Murray Cowie, September 29, 1914. 

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our storehouse of knowledge. You, most of you, will be in the field apply- 
ing the sirni total of the knowledge that has come only through the unceas- 
ing efforts of, possibly, some unpopular teacher. 

So once more let me recall to you that after inheriting a sound mind 
in a sound body you are all that you are through your contact with 
others. Marcus Aurelius, fully realizing the significance of this fact, records 
in his meditations "what and of whom whether parents, friends, or masters, 
by their good examples, or good advice and counsel, he had learned." His 
illustrious career was moulded and shaped by his contact with others. From 
his grand father he learned to be gentle and to refrain from all passion. 
From his mother he learned to be religious, and bountiful. From Diognetus 
he acquired a contempt for superstition. From Rusticus he learned that 
his life needed some "redress, and cure," and to despise display and ostenta- 
tion; from Apollonius unvariable steadfastness and to regard nothing, 
though ever so small, but right and reason. Of Apollonius he also learned 
how to receive favors of kindness (as commonly they are accounted) from 
friends so that he might not become obnoxious to them, nor more yielding 
upon occasion than in right he ought. From Sextus he learned tolerance 
for human f railities. 

Living in a wicked and sensual age, the ruling spirit of a great and 
glorious empire, subject because of this to the greatest of temptations, he put 
into effective practice those principles acquired from his associates and be- 
came the greatest "moral phenomenon" of all time. I might go on extoling 
the virtues and the greatness of this wonderful pagan but I only wish to fix 
the point if I may that each one of us, surely though unconsciously, is part 
Vaughan, part de Nancrede, Lombard, Novy, Huber, and part those who 
have pressed some fact, or truth, or method, or mental attitude permanently 
into his cosmos before he attains his degree, his permission to practice their 
teachings, much of which is their own creation and much of which they too 
have acquired from others. 

If we as teachers press our subjects upon you with apparently too 
much vigor, it is only because we honestly believe and know that it is 
necessary in order to turn out a good product, and to keep our school in 
the vanguard of medical teaching, — ^to keep our school so that you will 
be, as others have been in the past, proud to have the consciousness, though 
we write it not after our names, that our degree is M.D. Ann Arbor. 

Patriotism to your alma mater is one of the first principles you should 
endeavor to have instilled into you. The man without it, whether student 
or teacher, is in a sad plight. Michigan offers to you a perfectly normal 
education in medicine. You are bound by no ism, no pwithy, no creed except 
the moral code. You are curtailed by no narrowness, no superstitions, no 
envy, no hatred. You are set adrift with the knowledge that your founda- 
tions are sound and that you have been taught nothing you can ever be 
ashamed of. Truly "no pent up Utica contracts" your "powers, the whole 
boundless (world) is yours." Be loyal in your class work. Be proud 
that you are a freshman. Be anxious to make your freshman class the 
best freshman class that ever entered college. If it is the best there will be 

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no question about the senior class. If your brother student has trouble in 
making the grade, out of pride for your class and ambition to make your 
Michigan degree mean still more to you and to the world, lend him a helping 
hand. If he is a sloth help him out of your class, he will always be a 
discredit to you. But be sure your diagnosis is correct before your vis 
atergo is put into action. 

You seek a medical education perhaps, because there is something 
fascinating about it for you. Because you have a desire to be of use to 
humanity. You may have come to the conclusion that medicine is the most 
far reaching profession, that its scope is broader than any other. *You 
come to this conclusion because you have made the observation, that all 
scientific knowledge has an application in medicine, and that a full knowl- 
edge of the arts, is essential to the culture necessary to cope with its various 
humanistic ramifications. You seek a medical education to make a liveli- 
hood. This is assured you if your work has been well done. What you 
can never do is to take up medicine as a cold business proposition and gain 
the regard, the esteem, the love, and the warmth of friendship of your 
patients. Your patients become your friends. The man without friends 
is to be pitied as is also the man without an enemy. **Praestat amicitia 
propinqiiitati/' There is no profession which brings more joy per hour 
than the one you have chosen, and there are so frequently twenty-four 
hours in the day. A life of service is held up to us as the ideal life. It is 
better to give than to receive. "It is better to be of service even to the bad 
for the sake of those who are good, than to fail the good on account of 
the bad." It is better "to be of use rather than to be conspicuous." 

Of thoroughness may I say a few words. If you care to be a master 
or to make true success of your profession, the smallest detail of your work 
must be done with thoroughness. We see in the trades, in the over-organized 
union labor of today, the disappearance of the master workman; the dis- 
appearance of the motive which prompts a man to make himself a master. 
This spirit is contagious but as yet it has penetrated only slightly into 
professional occupations. The average doctor wants to excel. He is not 
content to stop his education when his license to practice is given him. 
He cares more about curing his patient, rather he cares more about seeing 
that his patient is cured, than he does about collecting his fee. So long as 
this spirit predominates he will have the desire to be thorough in his work. 
To be thorough in medicine means that in the ever alluring present we 
do not forget the past. May I illustrate by one or two examples. The 
Roentgen ray has brought to us, within quite recent years, a means of put- 
ting ourselves in possession of some indisputable facts. We look at a chest, 
we see the pathology perhaps at a glance. We begin to depend upon this 
quick, positively recorded method of examination and become indifferent 
about our physical signs. We look at the abdomen. We are brought face to 
face with conflicting findings. By the old method we reasoned about the 
position of the stomach, its motility, its size and its conformation from an 
entirely different viewpoint. There is a temptation to neglect the old, the 
well tried methods. We revise our viewpoint and sometimes forget, that 

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the facts proven in the past must ever be our basis for sound reason in the 
future. Too frequently the student is lured by the picture, the spectacular, 
the something tangible, the positive. He goes away from the clinic filled 
with enthusiasm over having seen some horrible distortion of the body by 
a disease which has progressed beyond the peradventure of a possible cure. 
It is sometimes hard to interest him for example, in the man who appears 
ner\'ous, who complains of gastric distress, but presents only so called no7- 
mal stomach findings. He may not appreciate that this poor fellow is really 
complaining of the symptoms of a definite disease, a "wonderful clinic" 
in the making, but now uninteresting in the curable stage. 

So in practice the doctor may not realize that his nervous, vomiting 
patient, with a hyperacidity is just beginning a stage in a disease which may 
now be arrested, but which in a very short time may be beyond all human 
aid. While the doctor was engrossed in his gastric analyses, in the manipu- 
lations of his new gyromele, his intragastric bag, his duodenal cathetar, his 
stomach bucket, his gastrodiaphane, and his bismuth meal, fascinated by the 
spectacular, the something tangible, he ignored the patient's slight complaint 
of rheumatic pains in his legs ; he forgot to tap his patient's knee and look 
at his eye ; he continued to wash his patient's stomach until the patient, no 
better from this painstaking care, drifts into other hands, and it is found that 
his knee jerk is gone, his pupils react to accommodation but not to light, his 
urine starts hard, and his spinal fluid counts lOO cells to the cubic millimeter. 

Tlie careful physical examination and the carefully taken history are 
the back bone of medical success. Omit them if you will, your sin will 
surely find you out. The mistakes we all make come when we neglect our 
routine work. I have the greatest pity for the student who shirks his 
laboratory work and his physical examinations. H he is to become perfect 
in any of his work he must have made more examinations than can possibly 
come to him in his short clinical years. The student too often assumes the at- 
titude of once shown always known. Too often in percussion he delights to 
make a noise. Too often he is interested in the blowing breathing, not in 
the finer changes which precede it. Too often he shows little regard for 
fonn in his methods of work but is a stickler for it in golf and football. 
Any one can make a noise. Any one can hear a sound. But it takes a 
Mozart to compose and execute a symphony, a Skoda to interpret the signs 
of percussion and auscultation. Try to be a master! Try to perfect your 
methods and your interpretation ! We often hear of a man being a won- 
derful musician, a perfect operator. How frequently do we hear it said he 
is a wonderful percussor. Why is this? Is it because there are none who 
have peculiar ability in this direction or is it because there are only a few 
who have progressed far enough in this art to be able to judge. If you are 
studying scarlet fever, or measles, or typhoid, do not be satisfied with 
knowing the symptoms and the diagnostic signs. Any one can learn these. 
It does not even require a degree in medicine to know them. Theorize a 
bit! Wonder why the rash of scarlet fever is uniformly red and that of 
measles mottled, why the typhoid belly has rose spots and that of typhus 
rose and blue. If somebody does not wonder we shall never know. There 
is never a time in your medical training when you cannot begin to develop^ 

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a creative genius. The building of medical air castles is good training. It 
carries you beyond the known into the unknown. Of course your castles 
will fall but that need not deter you, for all men of thought build them and 
see them fall. 

"For a* sage he looks, what can the laddie ken? 

He's thinkin upon naething, like mony mighty men; 

A wee thing makes us think, a sma' thing makes us stare; 

There are mair folks than him biggin castles in the air." 

The day is not far distant when it will be your absolute skill, not your 
glitter, that will draw men to you. The public is rapidly getting educated 
in matters pertaining to health. The man in the country as well as the man 
in the city will insist upon having the very best medical aid there is. The 
poor will resort to well organized dispensaries where they have the assurance 
that the social service workers will see that their cases are put into skillful 
hands. The doctor who hangs up his shingle and gives cheap medicine for 
the pittance he may exact from the poor will cease to exist and the world 
will be that much better. But a word of caution is necessary. While per- 
fecting yourself in one field of your undergraduate work do not do it at the 
expense of others. Only after you have completed your course, can you, in 
justice to your self and those you hope to care for, afford to favor one 
subject more than another. The danger of this is taught us by the exper- 
iences of the past. In the days of Skoda, as one of his biographers puts it, 
''practical medicine degenerated into simple diagnosis. By his observations 
on the 'natural course of disease undisturbed by therapeutics' he became the 
•direct and proper founder of a purely expectant or nihilistic therapeutics in 
Germany, and the author of a cheerless period in clinical practice. During 
this period instead of conceding (as would have been just) that, practical 
medicine can lay claim to only a slight active influence, it finally became an 
obligatory rule of faith to plead for the complete impossibility of any medical 
influence upon diseases, — and to manage at the bedside accordingly. Hence 
it .resulted that university professors and clinicians, ■ followers of Skoda, 
were able to make extremely nice, so-called exact diagnosis, but could no 
Ipnger write a prescription, though they had for pupils future practicing 
physicians alone, who accordingly from the outset must regard themselves 
^s mere superfluities or imposters." 

Of humanity a few words may not be amiss. It is human to be selfish, 
to be antagonistic, to be spiteful, to be superstitious, to be apprehensive. 
These traits of humanity are handed down to us from our simian ancestors. 
It is human to be kind, tolerant, forgiving, magnanimous, trustful, full of 
faith, compassionate. These traits have come to us through our association 
with those who are dear to us, through our touch with the softening in- 
fluences of home, time, and the sorrows we may have endured. Who comes 
<iuite so close to the sorrows of life and administers more to them than the 
physician. Who knows better the uplifting effect of a kind word. Who 
more than the physician has learned 

"To look on nature, not as in the hour 

Of thoughtless youth; but hearing often times 

The still, sad music of humanity." 

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I^ok for the medical man who is doing the most good, who is making 
the greatest real success of life. He will be found to be the man who has 
abundant kindness and unselfishness. The man who becomes great uncon- 
sciously. The man who seeks not public applause for his successful per- 
formance of duty according to the most approved methods. How often do 
we see men of ability fall short of true greatness because of the failure to 
subdue some human fraility. 

As in science, in art, so in humanity this university offers you a lab- 
oratory to work in. Do not neglect to make use of it. Do not forget that 
the patient entrusted to your care has the same human feelings as your 
mother, your sister, your brother. The illy clad woman sobbing, perhaps 
hysterically, in the waiting room needs a kind word. Her little world is as 
real to her as is ours. Her depth of feeling is the same. 

In a big hospital like ours where hundreds of sick people are being cared 
for daily we rely more or less upon you for their care. When a case is 
assigned you, work it up expeditiously. By so doing you may save your 
patient much mental or physical pain. Nowhere quite so much as in a 
hospital should our motto be — work first, play last. Do not slam the door. 
Do not walk heavily through the sick rooms. Do not talk loudly in the cor- 
ridors. Let us not fail to sense the importance of silence in a hospital. 
If we do we may fail in the same thing in private practice. Silence and 
gentleness should pervade the hospital. The successful hospital manage- 
ment brings this about, but it cannot be brought about without your co- 

In closing may I add a few words about practice. You will each need 
a hospital year after graduation. This offers you a year free from the grind 
of class work, and an opportunity to get in closer touch with your profession 
and your patients. From the standpoint of business success you cannot 
afford to go without it. You cannot enter upon your interne service with 
too much seriousness. Endeavor to assume responsibility rather than to 
shift it. Be sure the group of patients entrusted to your care is the best 
cared for group in the hospital. 

In practice as in the hospital the uppermost thing in your minds should 
be the welfare of your patients. You must not be discouraged if your 
patients sometimes forget to appreciate this fact. There is an old proverb 
which says — ^happy is the physician who is called in at the end of the dis- 
ease. You will meet with this experience and it may balance the heart- 
ache which may have come to you when a patient or his friends fail to see 
the happy outcome of the work you have initiated. 

Be sure you know your limitations. It is best for us all to learn early 
in our careers that as "no man can climb out beyond the limits of his own 
character" so he cannot climb out beyond the limits of his own knowledge. 
Medical knowledge has progressed within recent years with such leaps and 
bounds that it is an utter impossibility for one man to compass it all. Most 
of you will go into general practice. I am still old fogy enough to 
believe that no matter what branch of medicine or surgery you may take 
up, all of you should, for the sake of yourselves and your patients, go into 
general practice for a time. I think you will make a better specialist if you 

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do. If you do this there are four subjects you must know thoroughly. 
They are internal medicine, the principles of surgery, diseases of children, 
and obstetrics. The supreme effort of the medical college should be to 
see that there is no question about your knowledge of these subjects. If 
you master these you will be master of the situation so far as your life as 
a physician is concerned. The man who perfects himself in surgery cannot 
find time to perfect himself in internal medicine, and likewise the man who 
endeavors to perfect himself in internal medicine cannot perfect himself as a 
surgeon. If he tries to do all some one must suffer for it. There is a very 
clean line between expert medicine and expert surgery. But we all fully 
appreciate the force of the saying of our much honored and beloved pro- 
fessor of surgery, — I am a medical man who operates. 

You will hear a great deal abouf medical ethics as if they were different 
from any other ethics. This subject can be summed up in two words 
common courtesy. Adhere to this principle. It really matters very little 
to you if your professional brother fails to appreciate it. He is the one to 
be pitied and the world will go on pitying him. The sad part about it is that 
he will not know it. Such men frequently go down to death with a chip 
unremoved from their shoulder. I would that I could exhort you to be big 
in spirit, to be normal in thought and action, to be steadfast in purpose. 

"If you can keep your head wlien all about you 

Are losing theirs and blaming it on you; 
If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you, 

And make allowance for their doubting too; 
If you can wait and not be tired by waiting, 

Or being lied about don't deal in lies, 
Or being hated don't give way to hating, 

And yet don't look too good, nor talk too wise. 

If you can dream and not make dreams your master; 

If you can think and not make thoughts your aim, 
If you can meet with Triumph and Disaster 

And treat those two imposters just the same, 
If you can bear to hear the truth youVe spoken 

Twisted by knaves to make a trap for fools. 
Or watch the things you gave your life to, broken. 

And stoop and build 'em up with worn-out tools. 

If you can make one heap of all your winnings 

And risk it on one turn of pitch-and-toss, 
And lose, and start again at your beginnings 

And never breathe a word about your loss ; 
If you can force your heart and nerve and sinew 

To serve your turn long after they are gone, 
And so hold on when there is nothing in you 

Except the Will which says to them: Hold on! 
If you can talk with crowds and keep your virtue, 

Or walk with Kings — nor lose the common touch. 
If neither foes nor loving friends can hurt you, 

If all men count with you, but none too much; 
If you can fill the unforgiving minute 

With sixty seconds* worth of distant run. 
Yours is the earth and everything that's in it. 

And— which is more— you'll be a Man, my son.'' 

September 29, 1914. ^^^viD Murray CowiE, '96m. 

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University News 



Michigan went down to a glorious de- 
feat on Soldiers' Field at Cambridge on 
October 31st, when her inexperienced Var- 
sity held the veteran Harvard eleven to a 
7 to o score. 

The first and third quarters belonged all 
to Michigan, for it was then that Michigan 
' twice marchfed down the field, straight to- 
ward a touchdown. Save for the few 
minutes that Harvard was making her lone 
5core in the second period, Michigan was 
doing the best work. The first part of the 
last quarter was Michigan's, but in the last 
few minutes of play, Harvard began an- 
other onslaught on the Varsity goal, which 
was stopped on the 2S-yard line by the call 
of time. 

Head Coach Fielding H. Yost claimed 
after the game that his team should have 
won, and laid the defeat to errors in the 
selection of plays when the men were twice 
within easy striking distance of touch- 

In the first quarter hard plunges by 
Maulbetsch and short dashes by the other 
Michigan backs, took the ball to the Crim- 
son 5-yard line. Here a forward pass was 
signaled on the fourth down, but Splawn 
mixed signals and tried to run with the 
ball. He was downed behind his line, and 
Lyons, standing far back of goal line, never 
received the ball. 

On the other occasion, in the third period, 
Hughitt called for an unassisted line buck 
by Maulbetsch for the fourth down, and 
the half back was stopped. Both of these 
plays were of the type which usually take 
the heart out of a team, but each time the 
Varsity came back fiercely to the attack. 
It was only the equally stubborn resistance 
of the skillful Harvard defense which 
blocked the Wolverines. 

Harvard made the only touchdown of the 
game in the second quarter through the 
medium of a series of hard plunges and a 
successful forward pass. This latter play, 
in which Smith made a spectacular catch of 
the throw from Hard wick, seemed to de- 
moralize Captain Raynsford and his men 
for the moment, and they did not rally in 
time to block the final smash through the 
line which took Hardwick over for the win- 
ning? touchdown. 

Much to the surprise of the 25,000 people 

assembled to watch the intersectional game, 
the Michigan team failed to show its 
heralded open attack. Coach Yost was as 
much disappointed as the spectators. The 
success of Maulbetsch, pronounced phe- 
nomenal by eastern critics, in piercing the 
Harvard line by his smashing plunges, per- 
liaps drove all thought of open play out of 
the minds of the Varsity field leaders. 
Maulbetsch carried the ball farther on 
plunges than the whole Harvard backfield, 
and was easily the star player on the grid- 
iron in the intersectional battle. Walter 
Camp, the noted eastern expert, sitting on 
the sidelines, spoke of the Michigan half- 
back as the best plunger whom he had ever 
seen. As a result of these words of praise 
by the man whose All-American is each 
year considered the most authentic, Michi- 
gan rooters are looking to see Maulbetsch 
named for this mythical eleven. 

The game was a triumph for Yost and 
his coaching methods. Despite the fact 
that he was forced, in laying his plans for 
the game, to really waste Hughitt and 
Splawn on account of their injuries, he 
evolved an attack and defense which events 
proved should have won the victory. H 
the Varsity had but possessed the final 
"punch" inside the Crimson lo-yard line, 
two scores would have been marked up for 
Michigan. Harvard had this ability and 
made the score necessary to win. 

The Varsity line showed to surprising 
advantage in front of the veteran Crimson 
forwards. The Coach had evolved a for- 
mation which put nine Michigan mtn on 
the line, and by this means an offense was 
built up which opened up holes for Maul- 
betsch and the other Michigan backs. 

On defense, the Yost formations were 
effectual in stopping the Harvard backs 
when rightly used. The reason for the 
Crimson touchdown was the abandonment 
of the formation which the Michigan coach 
had evolved to meet the famous Harvard 
split buck. The Michigan guards were the 
weakest parts of the line, but the tackles 
and ends played far better than had been 
expected. Benton, working against the 
Crimson captain and Smith, stopped Har- 
vard end runs many times. Reimann was 
the chief bulwark in the Varsity defense, 
his . ability to break through the Harvard 
line costing the Crimson many yards. 

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Michigan's chief weakness was in get- 
ting down the field under punts. While 
the Harvard ends were able to down Hugh- 
itt in his tracks on practically every kick, 
the Crimson receiver of Splawn's punts 
made up many yards each time the Mich- 


igan full back kicked. Benton was blocked 
•off easily, and it was generally a Michigan 
lineman who finally tackled the runner. 
Dunne proved a good tackier under punts 
in the short time he was in the game. 

The game by quarters was as follows : 

Michigan made the first gain of the game when 
-Captain Raynsford won the toss for position. He 
chose to defend the west goal, putting the slight 
breeze at his back and forcing the Crimson team 
to face the blinding sun. 

Withington kicked off to Splawn who returned 
the ball to the 30-yard line before he was downed. 
If aulbctsch was the . man selected to carry the 

ball first for Michigan, and he made 5 yards 
through the center of the Harvard line. Two 
more plunges, with I^yons and Maulbetsch carry- 
ing the ball in order, made the initial first down 
for tlie Varsity, and the Michigan rooters in the 
stands cheered wildly. 

Splawn and Maulbetsch made one more first 
down before the Michigan progress was stopped, 
with Acting Captain Trumbull as the chief cause. 
On an exchange in the middle of the field, Splawn 
tried a couple of on-side kicks, but the failure 
of I^yons to take advantage of the opening, left 
Harvard in possession of the ball. 

On their first attempt of the game at carrying 
the ball, Harvard fumbled and Hughitt pounced 
on the ball on the Crimson 40-yard line. An 
exchange of punts followed, with the Varsity 
finally getting the ball on the Harvard 47-yard 
line. Here started the Michigan march to the 
Crimson goal line. Hughitt made 7 yards on 
a squirming run past the Harvard right guard, 
Lyons made several yards more, and then Maul- 
betsch dashed through on a fake forward pass 
play, taking the ball to the ii-^ard line. Three 
plavs, with Maulbetsch as the chief ground gainer, 
took the ball to the 5 -yard line. 

But here a forward pass play went amiss when 
Splawn mixed the signals and the ball went to 
Harvard on downs, and was punted out of danger. 


Lyons started the play in the second quarter 
with a good gain, but on the next two plays 
Michigan was assessed penalties of 20 yards for 
holding and for off-side. An exchange of punts 
followed, with Harvard gaining a distinct ad- 

Harvard made a first down on Michigan's 30- 
yard line, and then a forward pass, Hardwick to 
Smith, put the ball on the Varsity 19-yard line, 
and the Michigan goal seemed in danger for the 
first time in the game. Three hard plunges by 
Francke, mixed with a smash Vy Hardwick, made 
it first down against the stubborn Michigan de- 
fense, and then another play by Francke through 
the line put the ball on the Michigan 6-yard line. 
With Captain Raynsford using an open defense, 
a split buck put Hardwick over for the Crimson 
touchdown. He kicked goal and the score stood 
Harvard 7, Michigan o. 

Splawn kicked off, sending the ball behind the 
Harvard goal line. The Crimson elected to scrim- 
mage on the 20-yard line, and a series of punts, 
with a few plunges mixed in, put the play in 
Michigan territory. Once Hughitt called for a 
forward pass, but the ball slipped off Lyon's hands 
into the arms of Logan. Shortly afterward a 
brief series of plunges by Maulbetsch and Splawn 
>ut the ball on the Crimspn side of the field, but 

chigan was forced to punt, and the half ended 
with the ball near the middle of the field. 


The first part of this quarter was a punting duel, 
with Harvard kicking at the first opportunity, and 
the Varsity trying each time- to start a dash 
toward the Harvard goal line. Maulbetsch was 
successful on the majority of his trials. 

After Splawn had punted over the Crimson 
goal line, the Varsity got the ball near the middle 
of the field and started on the second march down 
the field. Maiclbetsch carried the ball five out of 
every six times, with Splawn and Lyons helping 
him a little. By steady rushes the ball was 
taken inside the Harvard lo-vard mark, and it 
was fourth down with 3 yards to go. A final 
unassisted plunge by Maulbetsch failed to make 
the distance, and Francke punted out of danger. 

With the ball on the Pfarvard 3S-yard line, two 
plunges by Lyons and Maulbetsch made it first 
down and another advance to the Crimson goal 
seemed started. But «ne of the officials had seen 
a Michigan man holding, and Splawn was forced 
to punt. Neither side again threatened to score. 


Digitized by 





although just at the end of the game Harvard 
was rushing toward the Varsity goal line. Both 
teams adhered closely to the punting game, and 
this time Splawn held his own with the powerful 
Hardwick. One of Splawn's punts put the ball 
on the Harvard 1 6-yard line, but Watson let 
Hard wick past for a 12-yard gain, and the Crim- 
son was out of danger. Splawn's last punt put the 
ball on Harvard's 20-yard line and the Crimson 
started a last onslaught on the Michigan line. 
Plunges by Hard wick and Francke, coupled with 
a 15-yard forward pass from Hardwick to Cool- 
idge put the ball on the Michigan 25-yard line just 
as time was called for the end of the game. 
Score: Harvard 7, Michigan o. 
Lineup and summaries: — 

Michigan. Harvard. 

Benton, Dunne ly.K J. Coolids^e 

Reimann L.T Parson, Curtis 

McHale, Quail I^.G Withington 

Raynsford ( Capt. ) C Wallace, Bigelow 

Watson, Rehor R.G Weston 

Cochrane R.T..(Act. Capt.) Trumbull 

Staatz, £. James R.£ Smith, C. Coolidge 

Hughitt Q.B Logan 

Maulbetsch L.H Bradlee 

Splawn P.B Francke 

Lyons R.H Hardwick 

Score: 1234 

Michigan o o o o— o 

Harvard o 7 o o — 7 

Touchdown — Hardwick. Goal from touchdown 
— Hardwick. Officials — referee, W. S. Langford, 
Trinity: umpire, H. B. Hackett. Army; field 
judge. N. A. Tufts, Brown; head linesman, H. 
M. Nelly, Army. Time of quarters, 15 minutes. 


For three quarters of the game against 
Case on October 3, the Varsity backs scored 
points for Michigan at the rate of two each 
minute. But in the final period, with a 
maze of substitutes in the line-up, the total 
dropped down to less than one every sixty 
seconds, and the grand total showed a count 
of 69 to o for the 40 minutes of play. 

It was a veritable procession for the Var- 
sity. Long gains by the backs were the 
rule rather than the exception. Splawn, 
Maulbetsch, Catlett and Hughitt shared the 
honors in this respect, all of them attack- 
ing the ends and the middle of the line with 
equal effectiveness. 

It required 3}^ minutes of play to ne- 
gotiate the first score. After this opening 
had been made the scoring was so fast that 
the time-keepers lost track of statistics. 
Ten touchdowns was the total made by the 
Varsitj', and nearly every man who claimed 
the privilege of carrying the ball was num- 
bered among those who made the 6 points 
by going over the last Case line. 

The Varsity linemen were at their best 
in this game, getting into the interference 
like veterans. Their good work at block- 
ing off the secondary defense was largely 
responsible for the effectiveness of the 
backfield men in getting away for their 
long runs. During the few moments when 
Case had the ball in her possession, the 
Wolverine forwards were particularly 

effective in breaking through and mussing 
up the plays before they were started. At 
not a single point in the game did the visi- 
tors even threaten to make progress with 
the ball, practically the whole game being 
played in Case territory. 

Catlett's performances, while he was in 
the game, were the principal features. Once 
he came very close to running the entire 
length of the field after the kick-off, but a 
Case tackier dashed up behind the dodging 
Wolverine and downed him. Hughitt was 
close behind Catlett with long, wriggling 
runs, his best work coming in the handling 
of punts. 

One of Michigan's touchdowns was made 
with but one play after the kick-off. The 
Varsity back took the ball from the Case 
man's toe and ran it far back into hostile 
territory. On the next play Hughitt dashed 
around the end for the final run to the 

Michigan. Case. 

Dunne ly.E Howard 

Reimann I*.T Cullen 

Quail L.G Mitchell 

Raynsford (Capt.) C Kretchman 

Whalen R.G Hellencamp 

Cochran R.T Conant 

Lyons R.E Allan 

Hughitt Q.B Post 

Maulbetsch L.H Anderson 

Roehm R.H Black 

Splawn F.B Fisher 

Score: 1234 

Michigan 21 20 21 7 — 69 

Case o o o 0—0 

Touchdowns — Roehm 2, Maulbetsch 2, Dunne, 
Catlett 2, Huffhitt 2. Goals from touchdown — 
Hughitt o. Substitutions — Benton for Whalen, 
Captain Parshall for Post, Catlett for Splawn, 
Bastian for Roehm, Staatz for Dunne, Bentley for 
Bastian, Millard for Whalen, Hildner for Lyons, 
Ovington for Kretchman, Finkbeiner for Rei- 
mann, Zieger for Hughitt, Mead for Catlett, Nie- 
mann for Raynsford, Heuse for Howard, Splawn 
for Mead, E. James for Staatz, Graven for Hild- 
ner, Cohn for Maulbetsch, Don James for E. 
James, Morse for Millard, Norton for Benton. 
Referee — Ralph Hoagland of Princeton. Umpire-^ 
J. D. Henry of Kenton. Head linesman — Wil- 
liam Knight of Michigan. Time of quarters — xo 


Mount Union was the first team to score 
on the Varsity during the present season, 
when they succeeded in scoring a touch- 
down in the last few minutes of play, 
through the medium of a series of forward 
passes which took the ball through the 
darkness past the last Michigan defense. 

The Varsity won the game by a score of 
27 to 7, a larger score than the strong 1913 
eleven had made against the fighting Ohio 
collegians. In the game on October 7, 
Mount Union put up an exceptionally 
strong fight, showing a surprising strength 
in the line and a successful attack by means 
of the forward pass formation. 

Digitized by 





Hughitt, Catlett, Splawn and Maulbetsch 
were the stars of this game for the Wol- 
verines, all reeling off end runs for big 
gains. Hughitt called on his men for the 
forward pass several times during the game, 
and in a majority of instances the Var- 
sity's attempts were successful in putting 
Michigan within scoring distance. Then 
Maulbetsch or Splawn would go over for 
the last few yards. 

Mount Union tried the forward pass 
repeatedly. Their formation was a short 
throw over the line, and in the last few 
minutes it was successful because of the 
darkness which hid the play from the Mich- 
igan defense. Twice the Varsity hurled 
back this attack, but each time the deter- 
mined college eleven came back strong, and 
at last made their score by a final plunge 
by Wilson. The officials then called the 

fame as the shadows completely hid the 
eld of play, making every play a matter 
of luck. 

The Varsity line did not shine particular- 
ly in this game, for the lighter opponents, 
fighting like mad all the time, more than 
held the Michigan forwards. Repeated at- 
tempts by the Varsity backs to gain through 
the line failed, and it was only by end run6 
from a punt formation that the Wolverines 
made their ground. 

Twice durmg the game Splawn negotiated 
drop kicks, once from the 23-yard mark 
and another time while standing on the 30- 
yard line. At another time a mix-up in the 
signals prevented still one more score from 
the field by this wizard kicker. 

The line up: 

Michigan (37). Ht Union (7). 

Staatz L.E Stambaug^ 

Reimann ly.T (Capt.) Beck 

^ Peterson 

Raynsford (Capt.) C Thorpe 

Whalcn R.G Bletzer 

Cochran R.T Marlowe 

Lyons R.E West 

Hnghitt i 

McNamaraV Q.B Wilson 

Ziegef ( 

Maulbetsch L.H Geltr 

Splawn F.B Lorcll 

Roehm, Catlett R.H Thompson 

Score: i 234 

Michigan 10 10 7 o — 27 

Mount Union o o o 7 — 7 

Touchdowns — Maulbetsch a, Splawn, Wilson. 
Goals from touchdown — Hughitt 2, Splawn, 
Bletzer. Goals from field — Splawn a. Officials — 
referee, W. C. Kennedy, Chicago; umpire, Leigh 
Lynch, Brown; head linesman, William Knight, 
Michigan. Time of quarters — la, 10, la, and 4 
minutes. (Last quarter shortened six minutes by 
referee on account of darkness.) 


In a sea of mud and with a torrent of 
rain falling during its latter stages, Mich- 
igan defeated the heavy Vanderbilt eleven 

on October 10 by a score of 23 to 3. The 
Commodore score came early in the first 
half when Cody made a perfect place kick, 
and put the Commodores ahead of the Var- 

Michigan's attack and defense in this 
game proved that the Varsity eleven was 
able to rise above conditions and prove 
equal to the occasion, no matter what the 
handicap under which the men were forced 
to play. A slippery ball, uncertain footing 
and disagreeable conditions failed to slow 
the Michigan attack, and three touchdowns 
were scored on the strong Vanderbilt de- 
fense. There should have been at least two 
more touchdowns, for the Michigan backs 
fumbled the oval that manv times when 
they were inside the visitors 5-yard mark. 
Once Splawn let loose of the ball after he 
had gone over for the final distance, and 
on the other occasion the quarterback 
mussed up the pass to his backs. 

But despite these discouraging mistakes, 
the Varsity made their last touchdown after 
the Commodores had repeatedly hurled 
them back. 

As in the games which had come before, 
Maulbetsch proved to be the man to make 
the final few yards necessary for the score. 
Tw4ce this unstoppable plunger took the 
ball over the goal line, while Hughitt made 
the other score. Splawn missed an attempt 
at a drop-kick when the water-soaked ball 
slid around in his hands and the kick went 
low and short. 

Michigan tried the forward pass play but 
twice, the slippery condition of the ball 
making this play far from feasible. Except 
in the third quarter when Yost had a sub- 
stitute eleven in the field, the Vanderbilt 
attack was powerless in the face of the 
stubborn Michigan defense. The Varsity 
forwards outplayed their heavier and more 
experienced opponents at nearly every 
stage of the game. 

The line-up was as follows: 

Michigan (as). VanderbUt (3). 

Staatz L.E Putnam 

Reimann L.T Cody 

Quail L.G Beckleheimer 

Raynsford (Capt) C Huffman 

Watson R.G Brown 

Cochran R.T Warren 

Lyons R.E Cohen 

Hughitt Q.B Curry 

Maulbetsch L.H (Capt.) Sikea 

Splawn F.B CarmoQ 

Roehm R.H Morrison 

Score: 1334 

Michigan 7 9 o 7 — 2$ 

Vanderbilt 3 o o 0—3 

Touchdowns — ^Hughitt, Maulbetsch a. (^oals 
from touchdown — ^Hughitt 2. (}oals from field-— 
Splawn, Cody. Officials — referee, Bradley Walker. 
Sewanee; umpire. J. C. Holdemess, Lehigh; head 
linesman, William Heston, Michigan. Time of 
quarters — 15 minutes. Substitutions: Michigan-^ 
McHale for Watson, E. James for Lyons, Cat- 
lett for Roehm, Benton for Quail, Hildner for 
Staatz, Bastian for Splawn, Whalen for Reimann, 

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[ November 

Skinner for Raynsford, and Zeiger for Hughitt 
Vanderbilt — I^ipscomb for Beckleheimer, Putnam 
for Carmon, Chester for Putnam, Carmon for 
Cody, Reyer for Brown. 

MICHIGAN, 3; M. A. C. 

Before a throng of 13,000 people, the 
majority of whom were supremely confi- 
dent M. A. C. supporters, Michigan took 
revenge for the 1913 defeat at the hands of 
the Farmers by winning a 3 to o victory in 
a fiercely fought contest on October 17. 
Thereby not only was a blot wiped off the 
Michigan record, but about 2,000 Michigan 
men who were present, were given a chance 
to voice their jubilation in the Agricultural 
College stronghold. 

The Varsity played purely a defensive 
game, hiding their real strength from the 
scouts in the stands, and making jus^t 
enough points to win. Once the opponents 
came near scoring, but Michigan's defense 
held until the whistle brought an end to the 
first half. The ball was inside the Varsity's 
lo-yard line when the officials stepped in, 
having been brought there on long runs 
around Lyons and by hard smashes through 
the Michigan line. But outside of this one 
time, M. A. C. never dangerously threat- 

Although the losers repeatedly threw 
back the Michigan offense despite the best 
attempts by the Varsity, Michigan had com- 
plete command of the game at all times. 
Quarterback Hughitt carefully conserved 
his attack, using only the simplest of for- 
mations until an opportunity of scoring 
came, and then he opened up. 

The chance came in the last quarter. 
Michigan got the ball near the middle of 
the field. , Hughitt called for a forward 
pass and Lyons made a perfect catch down 
on the M. A. C. 15-yard line. If he hadn't 
stumbled 'he would Have gone over for a 
touchdown, for the field in front of him 
was clear. A former trial of strength ear- 
lier in. the. game had shown the Varsity 
that it couldn't score a touchdown against 
the Farmers' defense, so Hughitt elected to 
hr'/ng Splawn's toe into action. The ball 
was taken to the middle of the field on two 
end runs, and then the Varsity kicker made 
the 3 points. 

M. A. C. led by their smashing captain. 
Fullback Julian, came back like demons, 
but the Wolverines held and the game was 

The game came near to proving disas- 
trous to Yost> hopes, for Hughitt suffered 
a dislocated left elbow in one of his tackles 
of Blake Miller. The injury at the time 
promised to keep him out of play for the 
re3t of the year, but later examination al- 
layed these fears. 

Captain Rayrisford and Cochran were the 
defensive stars in this battle for revenge. 

with Maulbetsch sharing the offensive hon- 
ors with Hughitt and Splawn. The Mich- 
igan line, for the first time during the 
season, was pitted against a vicious attack, 
but it was able to hold it in check through- 
out the four quarters. The Michigan right 
end, where Lyons was playing, was the 
weak spot in the Varsity's defense, and 
Blake Miller and Julian made long gains 
in this direction. 

Tha Lineup :— 

Michigan. M. A. C. 

Staatz i 

Benton V L.K B.Miller 

Reimann ) 

Reimann, Watson L.T Smith 

Rehor LG Straight 

Raynsford (Capt.) C Vaughn 

McHalc, Watson R.G Vandervoort 

Cochran R.T Blacklock 

Lyons, James R.K Chadd»ck 

Hughitt. Huebel Q.B D. Miller 

Maulbetsch L.H Deprato 

Splawn, Catlett F. B ( Capt. ) Julian 

Bushnell > 

Roehm V R.H H. MrUer 

Catlett \ 

Score: 1234' 

M. A. C o o o ct—^ 

Mibhigan ^ . .0 o 3 — y 

Goal from field — Splawn. Officials — referee. H'. 
B. Hackett. West Poiat; umpire, T. C. Holdeir- 
ness, Lehigh; field judge, A. R. Haines, Yale; 
head linesman, Fred Gardner, Cornell. Time of 
quarters — 15 minutes. 


With Quarterback Hughitt out of the 
game on account of his injured elbow, with 
two brand new ends in the line-up, and with 
Lyons trying to play a position at half back 
with which he was unfamiliar, Michigan 
lost to Syracuse in the easterners' stadium 
on October 24, by a score of 20 to 6. It was 
the first time in several seasons that an 
eleven had scored three touchdowns on the 
Michigan Varsity, and it was not until 
Tuesday that the Syracuse students ceased 
their celebration. 

Coach Fielding H. Yost declared after 
the game that Michigan had literally hand- 
ed the victory to the Orangemen. Bad 
breaks by the Varsity backfield were re^ 
sponsible for the Syracuse scores, which in 
at least two instances should never have 
been made, according to Yost. 

Once a punt, which should have placed 
the ball far up the field and out of danger, 
was carried back through the Michigan 
tacklers, and Syracuse rushed it over. At 
another time an off-side play gave them the 
ball on the Varsity's 4-yard line. It re- 
quired four rushes to put it over, but even 
the stalwart resistance which Michigan put 
forth could not prevent a touchdown under 
such a handicap. Catlett, who had gone in 
at full-back for the injured Splawn, was 
the man responsible for the break. After 
the game he broke down, and even the 

Digitized by 





assurances of his team-mates could not 
comfort him. Catlett was suffering from a 
shimp in his real form, for his regular 
playing this season has been of a high class. 

Had Splawn been able to continue in the 
game the result would have been different, 
according to the coach, in spite of the hand- 
icap of new men under which the Varsity 
was working. This kicker would have been 
able to make the extra point after touch- 
down which would have put Michigan out 
ahead by a 7 to 6 score, and also would 
have been able to punt out of danger at the 
critical moments. But he was not, and the 
critics were given their opportunity to pre- 
dict an overwhelmir.g victory for Harvard 
for the following week. 

Syracuse made her touchdown first, after 
Michigan had valiantly thrown back one 
threatened successful assault on her goal 
line. The home eleven started its march 
on the Michigan 35-yard line, and by suc- 
cessive rushes, always stoutly resisted, took 
the ball over. Rose failed to kick goal, and 
the Varsity was given its chance. 

The blue-clad players rose to the occasion, 
and with their only real display of offensive 
fight in the whole game, took the ball pver 
bv a perfectly-executed forward pass from 
Catlett to Lyons and a fina( plunge by 
Maulbetsch. All this happened in the third 
quarter, but in the next period Syracuse 
started its mowing tactics, and added the 
two last touchdowns which spelled bitter 
defeat to Yost and his men. Watson, who 
was called on to take the place of Splawn 
at kicking the goal, had missed, and de- 
prived Michigan of the shallo>y honor of 
having been at one time on the long end of 
the score. 

With Benton and Whalen playing ends 
for the first time, and with Lyons in the 
backfield, numerous shifts in the Michigan 
defense were necessary to balance the team. 
Despite this, the exhibition of stubborn re- 
sistance shown by Captain Raynsford and 
his men when Syracuse was trying to make 
a touchdown from the 4-yard line, sent the 
10,000 spectators wild with enthusiasm. 
Three times the smashing attack of Rose 
and Wilkinson was thrown back without 
gaining an inch. But the terrific strain was 
too much, and on the last time the Syracuse 
right half back went over. 

Lineup and summaries: 

Michigan (6). Sjrracuse (ao). 

Benton L.E WoodruiF 

Reimann L.T Schlachter 

Watson L.G.. McElHgott 

Raynsford (Capt.) C Forsythc 

McHale R.G White 

Cochran R.T T. Johnson 

Whalen R.E (Capt.) Schufelt 

Bushnell Q.B t,- Johnion 

Maulbetsch L.H Rose 

Splawn F.B O'Connell 

Lyons R.H Wilkinson 

Score: 1234 

Michigan . -. o o 6 o — 6 

Syracuse o o 6 14 — 20 

Touchdowns — Wilkinson 2, Rose, Maulbetsch. 
Goals from touchdowns — Wilkinson, Rose. Offi; 
cials — referee, M. J. Thompson, Georgetown ; 
umpire, Louis Hinkey, Yale: head linesman, Jamea 
Coony, Princeton. Time 01 quarters, 15 minutes. 
Substitutions: Michigan — E. James for Whalen. 
Rehor for McHale, Catlett tor Splawn, Huebel 
for Bushnell, Quail for Rehor. Syracuse — Sev- 
mour for L. Johnson, Kingsley for O'Connell; 
O'Connell for Kingsley, Johnson for Seymour* 
Meisner for White, Kingsley for O'Connell, Sey- 
mour for L. Johnson, Traves for Wilkinson, Raf- 
ter for Seymour, Schultz for Traves, Wilkinson 
for Schulu. WHber for Meisner, Trigg for Mc- 
ElHgott, Burns for Woodruff, Barbour for 
Schufelt, Smithson for Trigg. 


It is aimed in this section to ^ve a report of every action taken by the Regents of general interest. 
Rootine financial business, appointments of assistants, small - appropriations, and lists of degrees 
granted, are usually omitted. 


The Board met at 8:30 P. M., October 15. 
The President, Regents Bulkley, , Leland, 
Sawyer, Clements, Hanchett, HubbJard and 
Superintendent Keeler were present. — Sup- 
erintendent E. C. Warriner of Saginaw, 
presented his views on. the advantages of a 
practice or demonstration school at the Uni- 
versity as suggested by Professor Whitney 
in his special communication to the Board. 
— ^The Board adopted the report of Mr. 
Bartelme, Director of Outdoor Athletics, 
recommending the ineligibility of the wives 
of students in the University to purchase 
athletic tickets for 1914-1915 at the same 

price charged students. The report sug- 
gested, however, that the question might be 
taken up later ifor 1915-1916. — The Health 
Service was authorized to give free medi- 
cal examinations to all entering students, 
preference being given, if all could not be 
accommodated, to those not required to take 
physical training. — The sum of $224.50 was 
set aside from the general funds for boiler 
insurance. — Dr. Leroy Waterman was elect- 
ed Professor of Semitics at the salary of 
$3000 per year, the appointment to become 
effective with the year 1915-1916. — ^Thp 
Buildings and Grounds Committee \/as 
authorized to place a fence around the ^o- 
called Cat-hole. — The Finance Committee 

Digitized by 





was authorized to purchase the Prettyman 
property out of the general funds.— The 
following resolution was adopted: — 

Whereas, This £oard recognizes the importance 
of the establishment by the University of a prac- 
tice or demonstration school and the great benefit 
to be derived thereby. 

It Is Resolved, That the matter be placed upon 
the program of the November meeting, for further 
consideration and action. 

— ^The President presented the resignation 
of Dr. Claude A. Burrett as Professor of 
Surgery, Genito-Urinary Diseases and Der- 
matology and Registrar of the Homoeo- 
pathic Medical College of the University 
of Michigan, to take effect September ist, 
in order that he might accept a Professor- 
ship and Administrative office in the Hom- 
oeopathic Medical College of Ohio State 
University, which was accepted with regret. 
— ^The President presented a communica- 
tion from the Michigan Alumna of Phila- 
delphia, stating that the sum of $50 had 
been collected for the purpose of helping 
some needy girl to attend the University of 
Michigan the coming year. The gift was 
accepted with thanks. — ^The title of Pro- 
fessor Raymond C. Davis was changed ac- 
cording to his request to read as follows: 
Raymond C. Davis, Librarian Emeritus, 
Beneficiary of the Professor George P. 
Williams Emeritus Professorship Fund. — 
It was declared to be the sense of the Board 
that the taking of collections at religious 
meetings in the Hill Auditorium, is inadvis- 
able. — ^The Board then adjourned to meet 
at 10 o'clock A. M., October 16.— The full 
Board was present at the following morn- 
ing session. — ^The use of Barbour Gym- 
nasium for the State Boys' Y. M. C. A. 
Convention on November 28, was granted. 
A communication was received from Pro- 
fessor Arthur G. Canfield stating that on 
account of military service in the European 
war. Assistant Professor Talamon is un- 
able to take up his work. Professor Can- 
field requested that his own leave be cancel- 
led and, instead that Mr. Talamon be given 
a leave of absence, and asked for the dis- 
position of the saving of $700 in salary. 
Mr. Talamon was accordingly given an 
indefinite leave of absence with certain 
necessary adjustments of salary. — ^The res- 
ignation of Mr. Charles L. Loos, Jr., Pur- 
chasing Agent, was accepted, to take effect 
on January i, 1915.— The sum of $1500 was 
added to the equipment budget of the Den- 
tal Department to provide for the purchase 
of new equipment made necessary by the 
increase in the number of students.— The 
sum of $800 was added to the budget of 
the Dental Department to provide for an 
additional instructor. — ^The request of the 
Michigan State Normal College for the 
Jidinission of its students to the University 
Hospital without certificate of inability to 

pay usual minimum professional fees, was 
granted. — Regent Sawyer presented a com- 
munication from Dean V. C. Vaughan, ad- 
dressed to the President; stating that Dr. 
Wm. E. Upjohn, of Kalamazoo, had offered 
to provide a fellowship for research in Dr. 
Vaughan's own special field, of $1000. 
This gift was accepted with the thanks of 
the Board. Upon Dr. Vaughan's recom- 
mendation, Roy Webster Pryer, M.S., was 
appointed as Upjohn Fellow in Research. 
The appointment of two assistants to fill 
Mr. Pryer's place, was also authorized. — 
The Buildings and Grounds Committee was 
authorized to make certain changes in the 
basement of Palmer Ward as requested by 
Dr. Cowie. — Dr. Peterson and Dr. Barrett 
appeared before the Board and presented 
arguments in favor of the establishment of 
a department of serology in connection with 
the University Hospital. — ^It was declared 
upon motion to be the sense of the Board 
that the entire time of Dr. Ide be taken by 
the Psychopathic Hospital and the Univer- 
sity Hospital and that the matter of an 
equitable distribution of the income from 
charges for outside work be left with Re- 
gent Sawyer; the sum of $1200 was added 
to the budget. — ^The gift to the University 
of a set of intubation instruments, by Mrs. 
Alice Kremers, of Holland, Mich., was 
accepted, with thanks.— The Library Com- 
mittee reported upon a communication re- 
ceived earlier from Librarian T. W. Koch 
in regard to the readjustment of salaries in 
the General Library. The salaries of F. L. 
D. Goodrich and Florence A. Lenhart, were 
increased. — The resignation of Miss Franc 
Pattison from the General Library staff 
was accepted with regret. — ^The sum of $400 
was added to the budget of the Department 
of Civil Engineering to provide for a lab- 
" oratory assistant for testing road materials 
for municipalities, towns, and counties in 
the state. — The Director of University Ex- 
tension was authorized to establish an ex- 
tension course at Saginaw, .similar to the 
one being offered at L^^.^it. — ^The report 
of the Executive Committee was presented 
by the President, and accepted. The report 
included the folk>wing actions: The 
fitting up, as a laboratory of the 
west basement room of the Dental Build- 
ing owing to increase of attendance in the 
College of Dental Surgery and the pur- 
chase for this room of two electric motors; 
an addition to the zoological budget of 
$200.00 for a technical assistant and of 
$200.00 for a teaching assistant owing to 
an increase of sixty students in the depart- 
ment of Zoology, it being understood that 
the $200.00 allowed for a technical assistant 
should be added to the $300.00 already 
allowed for that purpose, it having been 
found impossible to secure any one for the 

Digitized by 





place at a salary less than $500.00; the 
appointment of Mr. Richard O. Ficken, 
A.M., as Instructor in German in 
place of Mr. Alvin D. Schuessler, resigned; 
the appointment of Mr. John J. Cox, In- 
structor in Civil Engineering, to attend as 
a delegate, at the expense of the Univer- 
sity, the Fourth American Road Congress, 
to be held in Atlanta, the week of Novem- 
ber 9, 1914; the granting of leave of 
absence for one year to Dr. J. G. Cumming, 
head of the Pasteur Institute.— The fol- 
lowing appointments in the Department of 
Engineering were also made: Mr. Frank 
Alexander Mickle, M.E., Instructor in De- 
scriptive Geometry and Drawing in place 
of Mr. D. C. Miller, resigned. Mr. Julius 
Clark Palmer, B.S., Instructor in Descrip- 
tive Geometry and Drawing, to succeed Mr. 
Frank P. McGrath, resigned. Mr. Clyde 
Elmore Wilson, B.M.E., Instructor in Me- 
chanical Engineering, to be paid by Junior 
Professor Joseph A. Bursley, who is on 
leave of absence. Mr. George Wright, In- 
structor in English for the first semester to 
take the place of Mr. Arthur D. DeFoe.— 
The appomtment of an additional assistant 
in tfie beginner's English 'History course on 
account of the largely increased attendance 
and of temporary additional assistants in 
the department of Physics was authorized. 
—The gift to the General Lib- 
rary of the St. Louis Edition of Luther's 
Collected Works, was accepted with thanks 
to the donor, Mr. Waldo M. Abbot, of Ann 
Arbor.— The matter of the electrification of 
the railroad to the power house was re- 
ferred to the Buildings and Grounds Com- 
mitte for report, including detailed esti- 
mates of cost, at the next meeting. — Dr. 
George Irving Naylor was appointed In- 
structor in Surgery and Clinical Surgery 
and Registrar of the Homoeopathic Medical 
College for one year. — Dean Cooley re- 
ported that the Crane Company, of Chicago, 
had presented to the University a very 
handsome and expensive exhibit of the 
specialties manufar^red by them. The 
exhibit was accepce^rSvith thanks. — A com- 
munication was received from Dean Cooley 
in regard to the proposed combined Liter- 
ary Engineering course with Albion College, 
stating that at a meeting of the Faculty of 
the Department of Engineering, September 
25, it was voted to recommend to the 
Regents that the proposed combined Course 
be approved, in accordance with the fol- 
lowing letter from Professor Clarence W. 
Greene, of Albion College, the arrangement 
of the curricula and other details to be sub- 
ject to approval by the Faculty of the 
E>epartment of Engineering. 

Dear Professor Cooley:— 

You will recall the conference held last year 
in President Hutchins' room between the Deans 

of the various departments of the University and 
a committee from the faculty of Albion College. 
At that conference you suggested that it would 
be desirable for our faculty to provide for the 
first three ^ears of the Five Year Combined 
Literary-Engineering Course and to confer the 
Degree of Bachelor of Arts upon our students 
these three years of work and the 
work in the Department of Engi- 

who complete these three years of work and the 
Junior Year's work in the Department of Engi- 
neering of the University. Our faculty voted 
favorably and our committee has arranged the 

courses for three years as indosed. If you deem 
it wise to substitute for any of the courses raven 
in our outline other courses given in our Year 
Book, we shall be pleased to make the change. 

(The balance of the letter refers to cumcula 
and is omitted.) 

September 26, 19 14. 

— ^This arrangement was approved, pro- 
vided that the courses offered at Albion 
College be approved by the Faculty of the 
Department of Engineering.— The sum of 
$55 was allowed for the purchase of lantern 
slides to illustrate lectures by Professor C. 
L. Meader on Russian literature and gen- 
eral linguistics. — Miss Martha Madson was 
appointed as Medical Assistant to Dr. Elsie 
Seelye Pratt of the University Health Ser- 
vice.— Certain appointments in Anatomy, as 
recommended by Dr. Huber, were made 
including that of John Locke Worcester, 
M.D., as Instructor in Anatomy; of -Stacy 
Rufus Guild, A.B., as Instructor in His- 
tology, and Wa3me Jason At well, A.B., as 
Instructor in Histology.— The President 
presented a report by Dean Guthe upon the 
Summer Camp and Biological Station, 
which was accepted. — ^T4ie request of Mr. 
Draper for a fire-proof vault in connection 
with his office, was granted, the extension 
to the office building to be made to the 
north.— The title of Professor E. D. Camp- 
bell was changed to read, "Professor of 
Chemistry and Director of the Chemical 
Laboratory."— The sum of $1200 was added 
to the budget of the department of Mathe- 
matics (Literature, Science, and the Arts) 
to provide for four assistants. — ^The sum of 
$600 was added to the budget of the depart- 
ment of Physics to provide for an addition- 
al assistant, or two student assistants at 
$300 each, and the sum of $400 was added 
to the equipment budget. — Mr. Clifford 
Conklin Glover was appointed Instructor 
in Pharmacy to succeed W. S. Hubbard, 
resigned. — I>ean Julius O. Schlotter- 
beck gave notice that the Flavor- 
ing Extract Manufacturers' Association of 
the LTnited States had given $500 for the 
establishment of a fellowship in the School 
of Pharmacy. This donation was accepted, 
with the thanks of the board. Mr. John R. 
Dean was appointed to the Fellows"hip. — 
Paul Henry DeKruif was appointed In- 
structor in Bacteriology, vice Charles A. 
Behrens, resigned, and Charles E. Abell, 
M.D., was appointed Instructor in Oph- 
thalmology. — Following the recommenda- 
tion of the Executive Board of the Grad- 

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uate Department the following degrees 

were voted: — 

• Master of Science. 

Jacob Sylvester Brown, A.B., 1913. 

CliflFord Conklin Glover, B.S. (in Pharmacy), 1913. 

Judd Brittain Kelly, A.B., 1908. 

Clyde CoUett Lecson, A.B., Albion College, 1908. 

Walter Ferguson Lewis, B.S., 1895. 

Willard Riggs Line, B.S., University of Rochester, 

Felix Wadyslaw Pawlowski, Certificat d'Etuds, 
l''niversity of Paris, 19 10. 

Wilber Irving Robinson, B.S., 191 2. 

Walter Eugene Thrun, A.B., 1912. 

Walter Hiram Wadleigh, A.B., 1907. 
Master of Arts. 

John William Baldwin, A.B., Lebanon University, 

William Edward Bingham, B.D., Meadville 
Theological School, 1913. 

Lucy Caroline Bishop, A.B., 1906. 

Solomon Jeffords Brainerd, A.B., Olivet College, 

Edward LeRoy Cole, A.B., 1913. 

Jennie Gertrude Fuerstenau, A.B., 1913- 

Stacy Rufus Guild, A.B., Washburn College, 1910. 

Frank Hendry, A.B., 1909. 

William Christian LcVan, A.B., DePauw Uni- 
versity, 1907. 

Frederick Arnold Middlebush, A.B., 1913. 

Ivan Packard, A.B., Albion College, 191 2. 

Abigail Pearce, Ph.B.. 1895. 

Ned Rudolph Smith, A.B., 1912. 

Minnie Snure, A.B., 1908. 

David Andrew Tucker, A.B., Parker College, 1909. 
A.M., ibid, 1910. 

Herman John Weigand, A.B., 191 3. 
Doctor of Philosophy. 

Gilbert Hawthorne Taylor, A.B., DePauw Uni- 
versity, 1909. 

— Dr. E. L. Troxel was appointed assistant 
curator of the Geological Museum; and an 
additional sum of $200 was allowed the 
Geological Museum for materials and an 
exhibition case. — ^The Board took a recess 
to attend the Convocation exercises in the 
Hill Auditorium. — The resignation of Mr. 
D. C. Miller, Instructor in Descriptive 
Geometry and Drawing, was accepted, with 
regret. — Following the recommendation of 
the Executive Board of the Graduate De- 
partment, the following appointments to 
Fellowships were made: — 

fsoo Fellowship. 
Miss Alvalyn E. Woodward, Ph.B., University of 
Rochester, 1905, M.S., ibid, 191 1, in place of Mr. 
Volncy H. Wells. 

$300 Pellowriiips. 
Mr. Clarence DeWitt Thorpe, A.B., Ellsworth 

College, 191 1, A.M., University of Arizona, 1912. 
Mr. Robert Ellsworth Brown, A.B., University of 

Illinois, 1910, in place of Miss Alvalyn E. 

Woodward advanced to $500, and Mr. William 

O. Raymond, resigned. 

Michigan Gas Association Fellowships, in 
Gas Engineering, at 9400. 
Mr. Homer Thomas Hood, B.Ch.E., 1914. 
Mr. Austin Sinclair Irvine, B.Ch.E., 1914. 

Acme White Lead and Color Works 

Fellowship, at $300. 

Mr. Carl Louis Schumann, B.S., North Dakota 

Agricultural College, 1913, M.S., June, 1914. 

— The Board adjourned to Tuesday, No- 
vember 24, 1914. 


In this department will be found news from organizations, rather than individuals, among th« 
alumni. Letters sent us for publication by individuals will, however, generally appear in this column. 


The Alumni Association of Alabama will 
hold a reunion and get-together meeting in 
Birmingham on the evening of Tuesday, 
November 17, at eight o'clock, at the Press 
Club. All alumni in the vicinity are cor- 
dially invited to be present. 

H. F. Pelham, Secretary. 


The first meeting of the Chicago Alumnae 
Association took the form of a luncheon on 
Saturday. November 7, in the Tower Room 
of the Union League Club, with Mrs. Ella 
Flagg Young and Miss Jane Addams^as the 
guests of honor. Miss Addams addressed 
the meeting, and music was furnished by 
Mr. Thomas McClenaghan, soloist of the 
Paulist Choir, and Master Bader Warren. 
Regular meetings are scheduled to be held 
on January t6, March 27, and May i, with 
a special meeting on February 22, and the 
speakers include Judge Mary Bartelme. 

Hon. John E. Owens, Mrs. Elia W. Peattie, 
Hon. Charles S. Cutting, LL.D. '07, Mrs. 
Ellen Van Volkenburg Browne, '04, and 
Governor W. N. Ferris, LL.D. '13, m'73-*74. 
Officers for the coming year are as follows : 
president, Mrs. Charles W. Hills, *9S-'96, 
rg6-'97; vice-president, Mrs. A. C. Bart- 
lett, '85; secretary-treasurer, Mrs. E. W. 
Connable, '96-'oo. 

The Board of Trustees for the endow- 
ment fund of the Association consists of 
Mrs. Charles W. Hills, Mrs. A. C. Bartlett, 
Mrs. Karl K. Koessler, *oi, Miss Mary 
Zimmerman, 'Sp-'gi, and Mrs. Gertrude 
Wade Slocum, '87-*92, *93-'94. Committees 
for the year have been appointed as fol- 
lows : 

Social: Mrs. Harry S. Gradle, '06; Miss Louise 
Fairman, Ph.D. '96; Mrs. William K. Mitchell; 
Mrs. Leigh Reilly, *9i-*94; Miss Hazel 
H. Whitaker, '06; Mrs. Edith Gary Rogers, *oa; 
Mrs. Karl K, Koessler, '01; Dr. Bertha Van 
Hoosen, '84, '88m, A.M. (hon.) '13. 

Executive: Mrs. Gertrude Wade Slocum, '87- 
'92, '93-'94; Mrs. Albert Dickinson, *77n't Mrs. 

Digitized by 





Charles K. Moore. *90-*9i, *92-*94; Miss Mary 
Zimmerman, '89>'9i. 

Membership: Miss Julia Herrick, '92; Dr. 
Theresa K. Abt. '93m; Miss Louise McKenzie, 
'00: Miss Caroline Watson, '93; Mrs. Louise 
Holden Anderson, '02. 

Music: Mrs. Alta Beach Edmonds. 


The Alumni Association of Chicago ar- 
ranged for wire reports of the Harvard, 
Pennsylvania and Cornell games, which 
were received at the University Club. 


Beginning with October 8, the Cleveland 
Association has changed the time and place 
of holding its regular weekly luncheons to 
each Thursday from 12:00 to 1:00 P. M. 
at the Chamber of Commerce. A table in 
the West Wing of the dining room on the 
sixth floor is reserved for the use of the 
Association, and all Michigan men are cor- 
dially invited to be present. Last year the 
luncheons were held at the Hollenden Ho- 
tel. Irving L. Evans, Secretary. 


With an almost record-breaking attend- 
ance of nearly two hundred, the Detroit 
Club held its first Wednesday luncheon of 
the season at the Edelweiss Cafe on Octo- 
ber 14. Coach Yost was present as the 
guest of honor, with Mr. Bartelme, of the 
Athletic Association, and their talks on the 
football situation were enthusiastically re- 
ceived. At the second luncheon on the 
twenty-first, Hedley V. Richardson, '93, '94/, 
who travelled from Florence to London 
after the outbreak of the war, told his ex- 
periences in the war zone, and on the fol- 
lowing Wednesday Governor Ferris, w'73- 
*74. LL.D. '13, was the guest of honor and 
speaker. David E. Heineman, '87, spoke at 
the meeting of November 4 on "The After- 

On Saturday, the thirty-first, the Club 
served a luncheon at the Edelweiss Cafe, 
when returns from the Harvard game were 
received by special wire, play by play. The 
Harvard Club of Detroit and the Cornell 
Club were present as guests of the Club, 
and speeches were made by the old foot- 
ball men who did not go down to the 

Officers of the Club for the coming year 
ye as follows: Walter E. Oxtoby, '98/, 
president; Charles B. Du Charme, '00, vice- 
president ; James M. O'Dea, '09^, secretary ; 
Sidney R. Small, '09^, treasurer. The ex- 
ecutive board consists of Frank M. Bren- 
nan, '04/, Fred G. Dewey, '02, William A. C. 
Miller, 'oo-'oi, /'oi-'o2, James O. Murfin, 
'o.^i, '96/, James Strassburg, '98-*02, /'oi-'o2, 
Chester Torbct, and Charles A. Hughes, 
•98-*oi, roo-'oi. 


The first full meeting of the Kenosha 
L^niversity of Michigan Club was held on 
Tuesday evening, September 22, at the res- 
idence of Mr. and Mrs. Frank H. Lyman, 
and it was a niost enthusiastic gathering. 
From Mr. E. L. Grant, '66, and Mr. Lyman, 
'68, to the "infant," C. G. Pendill, '13, a 
goodly number of classes were represented. 
The complete enrolment follows: C. L. 
Grant, '66, F. H. Lyman, '68, H. J. Winsten, 
'98, Aart ' Van Westrienen, *ggfn, G. N. 
Tremper, '01, Miss Anna J. Miller, '05, J. 
F. Hastings, 'o6m, Mrs. J. F. Hastings, 
01-03, (Bernice E. Stretch,) Eugene T. 
Bermingham, 'o5-'o7, C. L. Ritter, 'o8e, R. 
S. Bogg, 'loe, J. Maurice Albers, ^'o6-'o9, 
Miss Florence B. Hammond, '12, Miss 
Katherine G. Tuomy, '12, A. H. Frehse, 
ex'i2^, C. G. Pendill, '13. 

G. N. Tremper is president of the Asso- 
ciation for the coming year, and C. G. Pen- 
dill is secretary and treasurer. All the 
ladies of the Association are to act as vice- 
president, when the necessity arises, in or- 
der of their graduation. 

The fore part of the evening was spent 
in swapping experiences, or as they were 
called "alumnicie^." Mr. Lyman has a 
wonderfully complete and well preserved 
collection of old pictures of professors, stu- 
dents and campus scenes, numerous copies 
of early catalogues and volumes of "The 
Palladium," as well as a fund of entertain- 
ing reminiscences. We sang to piano and 
mandolin accompaniment, and with diffi- 
culty settled down to business. It was 
moved that the next meeting be held on 
the evening of October 31, to celebrate the 
Harvard game, and arrangements were 
placed in the hands of a committee headed 
by Dr. Hastings. Even at this early date, 
plans were laid for the attendance of the 
whole club at the Chicago production of 
the Michigan Union Opera next spring. So 
enthusiastic and enjoyable was the meeting 
that it was a late hour when we sang the 
"Yellow and the Blue," cheered old Mich- 
igan and adjourned. 

You alumni and undergraduates who hap- 
pen into this part of Wisconsin, remember 
us, and do the least that you can do — ^look 
us up, and let us get together. 

C. G. Pendill, Secretary. 


The University of Michigan Alumni As- 
sociation of Southern California opened its 
season with a luncheon at the University 
Club on October 9th. A large gathering of 
Michigan men was present and had the 
pleasure of an informal talk by that splen- 
did speaker and staunch friend of Michi- 
gan, President Benjamin Ide Wheeler, of 
the Universitv of California. 

Digitized by 





The following officers were installed for 
the ensuing Vear : Myron Westover, '95/, 
president; Judge Nathaniel P. Con- 
rey, '83/, vice-president; Raymond S. Tay- 
lor, '13/, secretary; Howard B. Drollinger, 
*07^, treasurer. 

The Association meets every Friday noon 
for luncheon at the University Club and 
all Michigan men are cordially welcome to 
attend. Raymond S. Tayw)r, Secretary. 


At a meeting of the University of Mich- 
igan alumni held in Mitchell, S. Dak., on 
October i, 1914, plans for the organization 
of the South Dakota alumni were perfected. 

Hon. William H. H. Beadle, '61, A.M. '64, 
'67/, LL.D. *02, was made honorary presi- 
dent of the Association. Alvin Waggoner, 
'06/, of Philip, was elected president; Roy 
E. Willy, '12/, of Platte, secretary; and Miss 
Mabel Wood, '08, of Highmore, treasurer. 

Another meeting, together with a ban- 
quet, which it is hoped will be made an an- 
nual affair, will be held in the near future. 
Roy E. Willy, Secretary. 


Mrs. Edward F. Parker entertained the 
Alumnae Association of Pasadena at a card 
party at the Altecena Country Club on Sat- 
urday, October 17. After enjoying a social 
game of 500, refreshments were served, 
during which a general and animated dis- 
cussion of the constitutional amendments, 
to be voted on at the November elections, 
took place. Those present were: Mesdames 
Mersereau, Bailey, Butler, Taylor, Parker, 
Clark, and Misses Henion, Cass, Brown, 
and Carhart. 

Alice C. Brown, Secretary. 


A Michigan luncheon and smoker was 
held at the Hof Brau Cafe by the San 
Francisco Association, on Saturday, Oc- 
tober 31. Detailed reports of the Michigan- 
Harvard game were sent in by direct wire 
from the grounds. 


Some time during the summer the New 
York Alumni extended a luncheon to Hon. 
Thomas J. O'Brien, '65/. The vaguely dated 
Gothamite for Midsummer, 1914, (Vol. 5, 
No. 8), gives the following interesting par- 
ticulars, but is somcAvhat reticent regarding 
the date. The omission was noted too late 
for The Alumnus to send a "tracer" for 
the lost article. But the "story" is just 
as good. 

After a short informal reception and a 
mingling and chatting of old friends 
and new in the lobby of the Lawyers* Club, 

the room set apart for the luncheon was 
comfortably filled by the fifty-six members 
and guests, and immediately the buzz of 
conversation was resumed. 

The buzz suddenly died down and as 
suddenly changed to a roar — the old U. of 
M. yell. And a yell it was. Strange how 
a college man can forget all he ever learned 
(or learned to bluff about) in Math, Phys- 
ics, Torts, Greek or Materia Medica, but he 

U. S. Minister to Denmark, Japan and Italy 

never forgets his old-time college yell. It 
brings him back over a stretch of long ab- 
sence from the scenes of the best time of 
his life and transplants him into the land of 
memory. When carried along on that wave 
of psychologic impulse, nothing seems im- 
probable or impossible to him. "Prexy*' 
Gene Worden sensed this immediately with 
that ever-working mind of his, and fran- 
tically signaled to Wade Greene to get 
around and collect some dues, but Wade 
was at that moment too far up in the 
stands, back in the old "Michigan Hurry" 
times, yelling for the backs to put over a 
few more touchdowns. So was the rare 
opportunity lost. 

And Wade was by no means the only one 
to recall the scenes of memory. Some 
among the crowd were down on that field 
in the old days, not rooting but fighting 
for the Maize and Blue. One in particular 
felt the tension of alert muscles waiting 
for the ball to be snapped. "Mort" Senter, 
'90-'95, w*9S-'97, just back from a long stay 

Digitized by 





in the jungles of Colombia, S. A., was a 
mighty strong factor on the football team 
back there in the '90s. He was on the 
team on that famous trip East, playing end, 
when Harvard scored that lone heart- 
breaking touchdown against them. To such 
men it means a heap to get together to 
talk over old times with old chums and 
hear the old songs and yells. 

After a short opener by Prexy Worden, 
Mr. Babst spoke in his usual nailhitting 
style on the subject which has been his pet 
for some time — of the prominence of Mich- 
igan men in the public life of the nation. 
"With a prevalence of college men in the 
administrative and executive offices of the 
country and its possessions, Michigan leads 
in some, and comes close to leading 
in many other departments of the State 
and nation. This is no idle boast, but is 
a fact, of which we are justly proud." This 
was the gist of his talk, which ended with 
words of praise for the work done by Am- 
bassador O'Brien, both for his service to 
his country and his part in elevating the 
status of Michigan. 

The genial president next introduced a 
man from the Mikado's Isle, where Mr. 
O'Brien served some four years as Ambas- 
sador. Dr. Toyokichi lyenaga was intro- 
duced as a neighbor of ours, having grad- 
uated in 1887 from Oberlin, taking his 
Ph.D. at Johns Hopkins in 1890. His talk 
was a marvel. If the staid English lan- 
guage can be made at once so straight to 
the point and so artistically flowery by one 
to whom it is a comparative stranger, the 
Japanese tongue must certainly be capable 
of the most delicate and beautiful phrase- 

Dr. lyenaga spoke of the diplomatic re- 
lations between Japan and the United 
States, which started with the advent of 
Admiral Perry with his peaceful fleet of , 
war in the principal harbor of that country, 
which had for all time been barred to for- 
eigners. From this start the peaceful rela- 
tions which existed with this country kept 
on unbroken for half a century; foreign 
trade with all the nations was built up, 
and the Japanese prospered and forged 
ahead as a result of their sudden awaken- 
ing. But, as is the case with most civilized 
nations, the dove of peace was incarcerated 
and generally maltreated when the little 
brown men so vigorously twisted the tail 
of the Chinese Dragon, and showed their 
prowess on both land and sea when they 
stopped the growls of the Russian Bear. 

The prestige thus gained as a nation of 
war caused various rumors as to an inten- 
tion on their part to expand territorially by 
seizing the Philippines and Hawaii. Quite 
a large element fully believed this to be a 
certamty, and Nippon was looked upon as 

a deadly menace to the United States in 
particular. This state of mind of the 
American people, made much of as it was 
in the newspapers, together with the first 
mutterings of the trouble over the Cali- 
fornia land question, served to make the 
diplomatic relations between the two coun- 
tries rather strained. 

All this was just prior to the time that 
Mr. O'Brien took the ambassadorial reins 
in hand. While it cannot be said that the 
state of the feelings between the Japanese 
and the Americans is as amicable as in that 
peaceful half century before, Dr. lyenaga 
assured us that from the time Mr. O'Brien 
had taken charge until he returned the re- 
lations had shown a most remarkable 
change on the side of improvement. And, 
indeed, with a nation of men of the type 
of Dr. lyenaga, one cannot imagine any 
but pleasant and prosperous relations to 

Mr. O'Brien replied briefly, with an ex- 
pression of his appreciation of the honor 
tendered him by the Club and a sincere 
desire for the success of all Michigan men. 
It was somewhat of a surprise to him to 
learn that there are such a large number 
of our alumni in New York City. Quite 
a sure sign, indeed, of the extensive dis- 
tribution of the graduates. 


The Club of University of Michigan Wo- 
men of Minneapolis was entertained Thurs- 
day, October 29, at the home of the pres- 
ident, Mrs. F. S. Martin, '79-'8i, (Florence 

The officers elected for the coming year 
are: Mrs. John B. Johnston, '97, (Juliet 
M. Butler,) president; Miss Betsey Lee 
Hopkins, '95, vice-president ; and Miss Min- 
nie Duensing, '04, secretary and treasurer. 
Lena R. MaLER, 
Secretary for 1913-1914. 


The following reunion ode by Michigan's 
first President, Henry Philip Tappan, is an 
interesting supplement to Mr. Finney's arti- 
cle on his literary remains now in the Uni- 
versity Library. We take this from the 
July- August number of the Union Alumni 
Monthly. It is dated 1825, and was there- 
fore written when President was a senior 
at Union. 

Air : America, 

Brothers I we're here once more — 
Not as in davs of yore. 

When life was )roung. 
And 'mid that morning lignt, 
Hope, as an angel bright, 
Before our raptured sight 

Her visions hung. 

Digitized by 





Home of our early thought I 
Where, hand in hand, we sought 

Knowledge and truth. 
Receive us back again, 
Coming as care-worn men, 
As you received us then 

In early youth. 

Some are not with us here — 
Their mem'rv claims a tear — 

The hallowed dead I 
To brighter worlds now flown. 
Their work of life well done. 
For noble thoughts were sown 

Ere they had fled. 

Here let us pledge our truth, 
As erst in early youth, 

Faithful to be I 
The honored name we bear. 

The holy trusts we share. 
Claim that we do and dare 
All manfully. 

A higher life to live, 

More precious gifts to give ; 

This is our part ; 
That, when our work is done 
And we the prize have won, 
We, like the setting sun, 

May hence depart. 

So say we all of us. 
So say we all of us. 

So say we all; 
So say we all of us, 
S« say we all of us. 
So say we all of us, 

So say we all. 

Henry Philip Tappan, 1825. 


Announcements of marriages should be mailed to the Secretary of the Alumni Association. When 
newspaper clippings are sent, be sure that the date and place are stated. Distinguish between date 
of paper and date of event recorded. 

1890. Frank Allison Bell, '90/, to Mrs. 
PVances Staley O'Bear, (Albion Col- 
lege,) October 10, 1914. at Grosse 
Pointe, Mich. Address, Negaunee, 

1902. Roy Dikeman Chapin, '98-'oi, /'oo-'oi, 
to Inez Tiedeman, November 4, 1914, 
at Savannah, Ga. Address, Beverly 
Road, Grosse Pointe, Detroit, Mich. 

1904. Benjartiin Franklin Leib, 'oo-'oi, /'98- 
'00, *03-'o5, to Genevieve Steele, Oc- 
tober 6, 1 914, at Ann Arbor, Mich. 
Address, Care of the Indianapolis 
Trust Co., Indianapolis, Ind. 

1907. Charles Lee Bliss, 'oyd, to Leila May 
Trcmbley, October 28, 1914, at De- 
troit, Mich. Address, 413V2 Bewick 
Ave., Detroit, Mich. 

1908. Josephine Dickerson Fearon, *o8, to 
Edward Jones Winans, (Willamette 
College,) June 10, 1914, at Peking, 
China. Address, M. E. Compound, 
Peking, China. Dora Fearon, '09, was 
maid of honor. 

1908. Howard Kingsbury Holland, *6Se, to 
Alma Schmid, September 24, 1914, at 
Manchester, Mich. Address, Ann 
Arbor, Mich. 

1908. Mason Pittman Rumney, '08^, to 
Miriam Hull, October 17, 1914, at 
Detroit, Mich. Address, St. Clair 
Ave., Grosse Pointe, Mich. 

1908. Thomas Robert Woolley, '08^, to 
Grace E. Willits, June 30, 1914. at 
Youngstown, Ohio. Address, The 
Bellmar, Main St., Worcester, Mass. 

1908. August Edward Camp, 'oSd, to Edna 
Cushway, September 19, 1914, at San 
Diego, Calif. Address, 410 20th St., 
San Diego, Calif. 

1909. Joseph Alkins Andrew, '09, to Eulora 
J. Miller, September 22, 1914, at La- 
fayette. Ind. Address, 103 Andrew 
Place, West Lafayette, Ind. 

1909. Carl Blackwood Grawn, '09, J.D. '11, 
to Gertrude Alice Lock wood, Octo- 
ber 22, 1914, at Detroit, Mich. Ad- 
dress, 1 1 73 Cass Ave., Detroit, Mich. 

1909. Prentiss Porter Douglass, '09/, to 
Curry Nugent, September 23, 1914, 
at Lexington, Ky. Address, care 
Studebaker Corporation, Detroit. 

1910. Julian Perry Bowen, '10, to Louise 
Hopkins Chapman, October 14, 1914, 
at Detroit, Mich. Address, Detroit, 

1910. Mary Jeannette Buck, '10, to Otto C 
Hagans, (Kansas State Agricultural 
College, '11,) September 2, 1914, at 
Detroit, Mich. Address, Paola, Kans. 

191 1. Claribel Armitage, '11, to Stanley 
1913. Roof Thomas, 'i^e, August 21, 1914, 

at Highland Park, Mich. Address, 
Ann Arbor, Mich. 

191 1. Lyman Jerome Craig, '11, to Helen 
Irene Lorimer, October 14, 1914, at 
Detroit, Mich. Address, 85 W. Han- 
cock Ave., Detroit. 

191 1. Chester Arthur Doty, '11, ^'o5-'o7, 
M.S. '13, to Anna M. Lauer, Septem- 
ber 2, 1914. Address, Detroit College 
of Medicine, Detroit, Mich. 

191 1. Bertha Louise Fischer, '11, to Carl 
F. Spaeth, October 11, 1914, at Ann 
Arbor, Mich. Address, 209 Packard 
St., Ann Arbor. 

191 1. Francis Garfield Hamilton, '11, to 

1912. Barbara Anita Dewey, '12, October 
21, 1914, at Charlotte, Mich. Ad- 
dress, 427 Fifth Ave., Ann Arbor, 

Digitized by 





191 1. Frederick Carew Martindale, 'o7-'o9, 
to Florence Pitt Downie, October 14, 
at Lansing, Mich. Address, Lansing, 

191 1. Harold Lindsay Wallace, 'o7-'o8, to 
Grace Ellen Booth, November 14, 
at "Cranbrook," Birmingham, Mich. 
Address, Detroit. Mich. 

191 1. James Ralph Gibson, 'lie, to Alice 
Helen Hoyt] October 28, 1914, at 
Owosso, Mich. Address, 126 N. Shi- 
awassee St., Owosso, Mich. 

191 1. Carl Frederick Raiss, *iie, to Edna 
F. Kilcline, November 4, 1914, at De- 
troit, Mich. Address, 402 Canton 
Ave., Detroit, Mich. 

1912. Hazel Benn Litchfield, *o8-'o9, to C. 
Haines Wilson, October 29, 1914. at 
Detroit, Mich. Address, Detroit, 

1912. Marguerite Estelle Reed, *I2, to Dan- 
iel Chambers Miller, September 16, 
1 914, at Pasadena, Calif. Address, 
College Station, Tex. 

1912. Lela Florence Rich, *I2, to David 
Studebaker Vesey, '12, September 19, 
1914, at Fort Wayne, Ind. Address, 
454 Kinnaird Ave., Fort Wayne, Ind. 

1912. Elsie Caroline Ziegele, '12, to George 
W. Welsh, September 14, 1914. at 
Buffalo, N. Y. Address, Marshall, 

1912. Edward Charles Pardon, '12^, to 
Wanda Nevroth, October 14, 1914. 
at Ann Arbor, Mich. Address, Foun- 
tain St., Ann Arbor. 

1912. Charles Joseph Kessler, 'i2e, to 
Elizabeth Lillian Johannes, June 22, 
1914, at Sandusky, Ohio. Address, 
615 Mills St., Sandusky, Ohio. 

19 1 2. Roscoe Osmond Bonisteel, *i2l, to 
Lillian Coleman Rudolph, September 
12, 1914, at Baltimore, iMd. Address, 
Ann Arbor, Mich. 

1912. Elmer Presley Grierson, '12/, to 
Phyllis Murray, June 18, 1914, at 
Manchester, Ohio. Address, 142 
Lafayette Blvd., Detroit, Mich. 

1912. John Howard Payne, '12/, 'o7-'o8, to 
Lura Hanna Masterson, (Art Insti- 
tute, Chicago, *I4,) 20, 1914, at 
Chicago, 111. Address, 1061 Foster 

Ave., Apt. I, Chicago, III. Beverly 
B. Vedder, '09, '12/, was an attendant 
at the wedding. 

1912. George William Cosper, *i2d, to 
Lauretta Edith Hertz, November 5, 
19 14, at Detroit, Moch. Address, 
Detroit, Mich. 

1913. Herbert Richard Miller, '13, to Helen 
M<:Gee, October 6, 1914, at Fort 
Wayne, Ind. Address, Fort Wayne, 

1913. Bruce E. Anderson, *ise, to Gladys 
Olds, October 17, 1914, at Lansing, 
Mich. Address, Lansing, Mich. 

1913. Maurice Darius Bensley, '13^, to 
Winifred Tickner, June 27, 1914, at 
Sharpsville, Pa. Address, 81 Green- 
field St., Buffalo, N. Y. 

1914. Thomas Griggs Abrams, '14^, to 
Vera Agnes Mann, September 26, 
1914, at Ann Arbor, Mich. Address, 
1 108 Liberty St., Flint, Mich. 

1914. Henry Post Dutton, '14^, to Lucy 
Brorens, September 5, 1914, at 
Buchanan, Mich. Address, 2224 
Grant St., Evanston, 111. 

1914. Christine John, '14, to Rudolph 
Reichert, (October 21, 1914, at Ann 
Arbor. Address, Ann Arbor. 

1914. Madeline McVoy, '14, to Albert 

1916. Bates Parfet, '16, June 22, 1914. Ad- 
dress, 908 Lincoln Place, Boulder, 

1914 Glenn Elliott Mapes, '14^, to Lois 
Basselt, September 16, 1914, at Ann 
Arbor, *Mich. Address, Detroit, 

1914. Josiah Kirby Lilly, *i4p, to Ruth 
Brinkmeyer, October 15, 1914, at 
Indianapolis, Ind. Address, Care Eli 
Lilly Co., Indianapolis, Ind. 

1915. Thomas Hubbard Bushnell, Jr, to 
Adele Johnson, October 3, 1913, at 
Ann Arbor. Address, Ann Arbor. 

1916. Robert Kennard Brown, '16, to 
Rheba Marguerite Benaway, '16, 
June 19, 1914. Address, Pittsburgh, 

1916. Norman Leverette Dolph, *i6e, to 
Eleanor Morrison, August 21, 1914, 
at Ann Arbor. Address, Ann Arbor. 

Digitized by 






This department of The Alumnus is conducted by Professor Demmon. In order to mske it as 
complete as possible, the cooperation of subscribers is solicited. Let deaths be reported promptly as 
they occur, with date and place. Be careful to distinguish between fact and rumor. In sending news- 
paper clippings, particular care should be used to distinguish between the date of the paper and thA 
date of the death recorded. Short biographies of deceased alumni and former students will be given 
space when sent to The Alumnus. 

DepartmenU and classes are distinguished the same in the News from the Classes column (sett 
notice thereunder) and elsewhere in the magazine, except that the Department of Literature, Science, 
and the Arts is distinguished from others by the letter a, (arts). 


Literary Department 

1862. Charles Henry Lewis, AjB., A.M. '65. 
M.D. *66, d. at Jackson, Mich., Oct 
7, 1914, aged 74. 

1903. Ida Loyola Brown, A.B., d. at De- 
troit, Mich., July 3, 1914, aged 37. 
Buried at Port Huron, Midi. 

1914. Wesley Gulley Ives, A.B., d. at Kla- 
math Agency, Ore., Oct. 7, 1914, aged 
23. Buried at Dearborn, Mich. 
Engineering Department, 

1894. Abraham Kohn Adler,B.S.(Mech.E.) 
d. at Chicago, 111., Oct 29, 1914, aged 


Medical Department, 

1865. John Fullerton Hicks, d. at Menom- 
inee, Mich., Oct 17, 1914, aged y6. 

1869. John Wesley Jarvis, Ph.C. '69, d. at 
Waterford, Pa., Sept 3, 1912, aged 

1879. Jennie Mary Turner, of Newark, 
N. Y., d. at Rochester, N. Y., Sept 
17, 1914. aged 61. 

1891. Frank Melvin Thoms, d. at I<ansing, 
Mich., Oct 6, 1914, aged 45. 
Law Department, 

1899. Henry Clinton Hill, LL.B., A.B. 
(Bowdoin) '88, d. at Lawrence, Kan., 
April 7, 1913, aged 46. Buried at 
Cape Elizabeth, Maine. 


Charles Francis Adams, a*82-'85, A.B. (Am- 
herst) '77. AJVI. {ibid.) '84, d. at 
Detroit, Mich., Oct 29, 1914, aged 60. 

tWilliam Baird, f73-'74, Priv. 6th 'Mich. 
Cav. 1862-64, ist Lieut 23d U. S. C. T. 
1864-65, d. at Ann Arbor, Oct 11, 

1914, aged 74. Buried at St Clair, 

Theressa Grace Bedford, a'89-'90, (Mrs. 

Thomas 0. Mays,) d. at Boise, Idaho, 

July s, 1913, aged 44. Buried at Salt 

Lake City, Utah. 
tWilliam Frisbie, m'56-'58. M.D. (N. Y. 

Univ.) '60, Capt 8th N. Y. Cav. 

1861-62, d. at Minneapolis, Minn., 

Sept 15, 1914, aged 79. Buried at 

Mankato, Minn. 
Alvin Haskell, a^'i3-'i4, d. at Ithaca, N. Y., 

Oct. 5, 1914, aged 19. 
Josephine Alice Line, w'oo-'oi, M.D. 

(Rush) '03, Ph.B. (Hiram) '99. d. 

at Troy, Ohio, Aug. 17, 1914, aged 37. 
Myrtle Olive Lloyd, r88-'89, Ph.B. (Iowa 

State) '88, LL.B. {ibid,) '90, (Mrs. 

James L. Kennedy,) d. at Sioux City, 

Iowa, June 8, 1914, aged 47. 
Richard Francis O'Hora, rf'i2-'i3, m'i3-'is, 

B.S. (Hobart) '12, d. at Ann Arbor, 

Oct. 29, 1914, aged 25. Buried at 

Geneva, N. Y. 
tMyron Holly Parmelee, a'67-'68, M.D. 

(Chi. Hahn.) '70, Priv. 130th Ohio 

Inf. 1864-65, Professor in the 

Homoeopathic Medical College, 1895- 

97, d. at Toledo, Ohio, Sept. 22, 1914, 

aged 64. 
John Louis Phillips, fn'7i-'72, d. at Ann 

Arbor, Aug. 30, I9i4» aged 74. 
James Cecil Samson, m'o7-'io, d. at Erin, 

Ont., Aug. 21, 1914, aged 29. 
Lorenzo Thomas Southworth, m*7i-'72, d. 

at Custer, Mich., June 27, 1913, aged 

Isaac Newton Willard, w'72-*73, -M.D. 

(Bellevue) '75, d. at Syracuse, N. Y., 

Sept. 25, 1914, aged 65. 


The Alumnus reviews recently published works by aliimni, former students, or members of the 
Faculty^ and works directly relating to the University. Copies of such books, sent for review, are 
placed in the Alumni Library in the Alumni Room. 


In putting out the verse of Leonard 
Lanson Cline, the Poet Lore Company has 
done something more than merely add one 
more to the many thin books of miscel- 
laneous poetry. On a number of varied 

themes, and grouped only under the simple 
title, "Poems,** the verses are all touched 
with a genuine artistic passion and true 
sense of beauty. In the dedicatory piece 
and in several sonnets, Mr. Cline reaches 
a very high plane with ease and original 

Digitized by 





force. 'He imlulges in archaisms and intri- 
cacies of expression but his thought has 
sufficient vitality to make itself clear. In 
some cases, notably in the sonnet entitled 
"Rossetti," careless proof reading has re- 
sulted in bad spelling and the obscurity is 
not the poet's fault The work of the 
volume as a whole is promising in spirit 
and temperament and should interest lovers 
of poetry in 'Mr. Oine's future work. 

L. L. B. 
Poems, by Leonard Lanson Cline, 'lo-'ij. 

Boston, Mass. The Poet Lore Company, 



In the third, as in the first volume of his 
Representative English Comedies, Profes- 
sor Charles Mills Gayley has gathered the 
critical opinions of a number of American 
and English scholars on an interesting 
group of the later contemporaries of 
Shakespeare and introduces their work with 
the second part of the essay which was 
begun in the second volume, on a compara- 
tive view of Shakespeare's followers. The 
critical essays, each of which introduces a 
separate play, are all in substantial agree- 
ment with Professor Gayley's opinion that 
the oblivion which has fallen upon the 
plays is not altogether undeserved. Pro- 
fessor A. F. Lange, of California, edits and 
discusses Dekker; H. Butler Clarke, of 
Oxford, Middleton and Rowley; Professor 
Saintsbury, of Edinburgh, writes on Flet- 
cher; Brander Matthews on Massinger; 
George P. Baker on Brome, and Sir A. W. 
Ward, of Cambridge, on Shirley. 

The effort in editions and introductory 
discussion has been to meet the needs of 
the student rather than the general reader, 
and the volume contains a surprising col- 
lection of historical data and discussion. 
Not only the individuals, but theatrical his- 
tory and general movements are discussed. 
Professor Saintsbur/s essay on Fletcher 
is not so complete, perhaps, as the others, 
but makes up for it in spirit and style. The 
editions of the plays are modernized only 
as much as seems necessary. Editions, 
notes, and critical essays together offer the 
student a copiously detailed description of 
the principal plays and poets of the period 

beginning with Shakespeare's late maturity 
and ending twenty years after his death. 

L. L. B. 
The Later Contemporaries of Shakespeare, 
Vol III of the Representative English 
Comedies. By Charles Mills Gayley, '78, 
Litt.D., LL.D., Professor of the English 
Language and Literature in the Univer- 
sity of California. New York. The 
Macmillan Co., 1914. 


Professor Filibert Roth, '89, is the author 
of a book entitled, "Forestry Regulation," 
which was recently published, and is now 
being used as a textbook in the Forestry 
Department of the University. 

Professor C. T. Johnston, of the Engi- 
neering Department, is the author of an 
article entitled, **Some Principles Relating 
to the Administration of •Streams," which 
was published recently in the Transactions 
of the American Society of Civil Engineers, 

From the University of Virginia Alumni 
News, we learn that Mr. Sidney Fiske Kim- 
ball, an instructor in the Department o^ 
Architecture in the University, will publish 
this winter his book, "Thomas Jefferson as 
Architect." It will contain the original 
drawings of Jefferson for Monticello and 
many other Virginia homes, for the Capitol 
at Richmond and other buildings, as well as 
important letters and drawings. The new 
work will supplement the book on the same 
subject publisihed last year by Dr. William 
A. Lambeth, of the University of Virginia. 

The October number of The Journal of 
Industrial and Engineering Chemistry con- 
tains papers by Professor E. E. Ware, who 
writes on "Examination of Chinese Wood 
Oil," and Samuel H. Regester, whose death 
occurred last spring just before he was to 
receive his doctor's degree. His subject 
was **Oxidation of Sulphur Compounds of 
Coal and of Nitrogen." There is also an 
account of the Ann Arbor Water Purifica- 
tion Plant given by Mr. R. W. Pryer, in his 
article, "Water Purification by Ozone," Mr. 
Pryer spent some time in Ann Arbor in 
connection with the plant, and in his paper 
explains its impracticality and the reasons 
for its failure. 

Digitized by 


1 lO 




To the Board of Directors of the Alumni 
Association of the University of Michigan, 
I beg to submit the following report, from 
September 2 to November 2, 1914, inclusive: 

Endowment memberships, perma- 
nent $ 13600 

End. memberships, usable 34 00 

Annual memberships 770 70 

Adv. in Alumnus 261 75 

Interest 261 00 

Univ. of Mich. Advertising 150 00 

Sale of Alumnus i 25 

Sundries 8 88 

Discount on bonds purchased 2 50 

Total cash receipts $ 1626 08 

Cash and bonds on hand Sept. 2, 
1914 26710 25 

$28336 33 
Vouchers 2307 to 2317, inclusive. 

Second-class postage $ 6401 

Salary, Secretary 833 32 

Salary, Assistant Secretary 120 00 

Accrued interest advanced 916 

Imprest cash: 

Second-class postage $ 5 56 

Exp. for advertising 38 73 

Printing and stationery.. 11 65 

Incidentals 22 55 

Engraving 2 50 

Postage 32 00 

Office help 51 78 

164 77 

Total cash expenditures $ 1191 26 

Endowment fund, cash 254 73 

Endowment fund, bonds ; 26150 00 

Available cash, Treasurer 630 34 

Imprest cash. Secretary no 00 

$28336 33 

Advance Subscription Fund. 

Amount on hand Sept. 2 $ 1298 80 

Receipts to Nov. 2 221 75 

$ 1520 55 
Advanced to running expenses of 
Association 1000 00 

Total expenditures $ 1026 49 

Balance $ 520 55 

Respectfully submitted, 

Wilfred B. Shaw, Sec*y. 


Alumni arc requested to contribute to this department. When newspaper clippings are sent, b« 
sure that date and place are stated. Distinguish between date of paper and date of event recorded. 
Report all errors at once. Addressed envelopes will be furnished to anyone who will use them in 
regularly sending news for these columns. 

The different departments and classes are distinguished as follows: Where simply the year of 
graduation or the period of residence is stated, the literary department is indicated: e, stands for 
engineering department; m, medical; 1, law; p, pharmacy; h, homoeopathic; d, dental; (non.) honorary. 
Two figures preceded bjr an apostrophe indicate the year of graduation. Two figures separated from 
two others by a dash, indicate the period of residence of a non-graduate. 


'89. E. B. Perry. Bay City, Mich., Secretary. 

Herbert S. Crocker, 'Sge, is a consulting engi- 
neer, with ofHces at 308 Tramway Bldg., Denver, 


•00. Mrs. Hennr M. Gelston, Butler Coll., In- 
dianapolis, Ind., Secretary for Women: John W. 
Bradshaw, Ann Arbor, Secretary for Men. 

'ool. Curtis L. Converse, Hartman Bldg., Co- 
lumbus, O. 

Walter S. Penfield, '00, of Washington, as an 
incentive to the study of international law, has 
established at the Law School of Georgetown 
University the William h. Penfield prize in 
memory of his father, a graduate of the Uni- 
versity of Michigan in 1870, and formerly solici- 
tor in the State Department and Professor of 
International Law at Georgetown University. 
The prize is to be a gold medal, to be presented 
each year for the best essay submitted by a 

student of the post-graduate class on a topic 
of international law. 

Robert E. Kremers, *ooe, formerly consult- 
ing engineer for the City of Portland, Ore., has 
been appointed Chief of Highways and Bridges 
of Portland. 

Dr. Theodore A. Hoch, 'oom, has removed 
from Worcester, Mass., to Waverly, Mass., where 
he is connected with the McLean Hospital for 
the Insane. 


•01. C Leroy Hill, Secretary, North Fork, 

'01. Annie W. Langley, 2037 Geddes Ave., 
Ann Arbor, Secretary for women. 

'oim. William H. Morley, 82 Rowena St., 
Detroit, Secretary. 

Harold P. Breitenbach. '01, A.M. '03, Ph.D. 
'09, formerly an instructor in Rhetoric in the 
I'niversity, and Jacob M. Wiest, '02, are two 
of the three principals of the Detroit office of the 
J. Walter Thompson Company, a national ad- 

Digitized by 





vertising agency. Among their assistants is 
Gordon C Kldrcdgc, '14. The office has adopted 
the policy of taking into its employ two or 
three men from the various universities each 
vear, with the idea of training them for its 
higher positions. 

Eloise Waring, '01, is teaching in the Grand 
Rapids Central High School. 


'02. Arthur M. Barrett, 3230 Calumet Ave., 
Chicago, Directory Editor. 

'02. Livia A. Moore, Augusta, Mich., Secretary 
for Women. 

'02I. Professor Joseph H. Drake, Ann Arbor, 

Born, to Philip E- Bursley, '02, A.M. '09, 
e'98-'99, and Mrs. Bursley, a daughter, on Octo- 
ber 14, 191 4, at Ann Arbor, Mich. Address, 
917 Olivia St. 

"King" Cole, *02, of Steubenville, Ohio, who 
played at tackle on the Michigan Varsity team 
m 1902, was engaged to coach the reserves this 
fall, taking the place which James B. Craig, 'i4e, 
resigned. Mr. Cole's last coaching position was 
at Marietta College, Ohio, and before that he 
was head coach at Virginia and Nebraska. 

Carl O. Kloepfer, '02, has removed from Min- 
neapolis to Kokomo, Ind., where he is vice- 
president of the Kokomo Dispatch. 

George E. Leonard, '02I, is auditor of the 
Northern Assurance Company of Michigan, with 
offices in Detroit 

Onslow W. Messimer, r99-'oo, 'oo-'oi, notice of 
whose marriage was given in the October Alum- 
nus, is in the real estate business in New York 
City, as a member of the firm of Messimer & 
Carreau, 101 I*ark Ave. 


•03. Chrissie II. Haller, t6 W. Euclid Ave, 
Detroit, Mich., Secretary for women. 

•03. Thurlow E. Coon, 1924 Ford Bldg., De- 
troit, Secretary for men. 

•o3e. Willis F. Bickel, 603 Security Bk. Bldg., 
Cedar Rapids, la., Secretary. 

'o3ni. Arthur P. Reed, 8 Franklin Square, 
Rochester, N. Y., Secretary. 

*03l. Mason B. Lawton, 31 5' 19th St., N. W., 
Washington, D. C, Secretary. 

Dr. Arthur H. Norton, '03, 'o4h, and Mrs. 
Norton, who have been missionaries at Haiju, 
Korea, for some time past, have returned to Ann 
Arbor on furlough. They expect to spend the 
next year in Ann Arbor, although Dr. Norton 
plans to be in Chicago part of the time. Ad- 
dress, 632 Church St. 

Carleton W. Washburn, *o3, '05!, is manager 
of the Richardson Silk Company, of Chicago. 

Karl W. Zimmerschied, '03, M.S. '04, is now 
chief metallurgist for the General Motors Com- 
pany of Detroit. He has under his supervision 
all of the factories of the company, and is the 
final authority on the kinds of material used in 
every motor turned out. Mr. Zimmerschied is 
also vice-president of the Society of Automobile 

Ralph D. Goodrich, '030, is city engineer of 
Cheyenne, Wyo. 

Professor James G. Gumming, '03m, M.S. Pub. 
Health, '14, of the Medical Department of the 
University, and Director of the Pasteur Institute, 
has been granted a year's leave of absence in 
order that he may take the course in public health 
at Harvard University. 

Edwin R. Van der Slice, '03m, has just been 
appointed medical director of the Nebraska State 
Sanatorium for Tuberculosis, located at Kearney, 
Neb. For several years past Dr. Van der Slice 
has been on the medical staff of the Mont Alto 
Pennsylvania State Sanatorium. 


'04. Bethune D. Blain, 1017-18 Dime Savings 
Bank Bldg., Detroit, Secretarv for men. 

'04. Mrs. Sarah Hardy Adams, Ann Arbor, 
Secretary for women. 

•o4e. Alfred C. Finney, 33 Ray St., Schenec- 
tady, N. Y., Secretary. 

'04m. George A. Seybold, 41 Sun Bldg., Jack- 
son, Mich. 

•04I. Roscoe B. Huston, Ann Arbor, Secretary. 

Richard A. Bolt, '04, 'o6m, who has been 
physician with Tsing Hua College, at Peking, 
China, for the past year, was in the United States 
for a short time this fall, but expected to sail 
on November 21, with his wife and children. The 
college is the United States Indemnity School, 
which makes a specialty of preparing Chinese 
students for study in this country. 

B. Frank Leib, 'oo-'oi, TpS-'oo, *03-'o5, is the 
insurance expert of the Indianapolis Trust Com- 
pany, Indianapolis, Ind. Notice of Mr. Leib's 
marriage appears elsewhere in this number. 

Arthur H. Vandenberg, roi-'o2, is manager 
and editor of the Grand Rapids Herald, owned 
by Senator William Alden Smith, of Michigan. 


•05. Carl E. Parry, 21a W. 10th Ave., Colum- 
bus, O., Secretary for men; Louise E. Georg, 347 
S. Main St., Ann Arbor, Mich., Secretary for 

'ose. Fred R. Temple, 480 W. Hancock Ave., 
Detroit, Mich., Secretary. 

'osm. Hugo A. Freund, Secretary, 537 Wood- 
ward Avt.j Detroit. 

'05I. Victor E. Van Amcringen, Ann Arbor, 

Mrs. J. Burdctte Bain, '05, (Edna W. Hare,) is 
recovering from an operation which was per- 
formed in a hospital in Jamestown, N. Y. She 
may be addressed at Kennedy, N. Y. for the 
next two or three months, when she will join 
Mr. Bain, '07, who has a position in the Bureau 
of Animal Industry at Washington, D. C. 

Oscar H. Wurster, '05, M.S. '06, may be ad- 
dressed in care of Chambers Limited, Engineers, 
80 Don Esplanade, Toronto, Ont. 

Albert L. Gayer, 'ose, of Flint, Mich., is secre- 
tary of the Flint Lodge, No. 22, B. P. O. E. 

Eugene F. Strom, 'o^d, of Landau, Palatinate, 
Germany, has enlisted in the German Army, and 
is now at the front, according to a letter received 
recently by Dean N. S. Hoff. 


'06. Roy W. Hamilton, Ann Arbor, Secretary 
for men; Mrs. Susan Diack Coon, 196 Edison 
Ave., Detroit, Mich., Secretary for women. 

'o6e. Harry B. Culbertson, 814 Ford Bldg., 
Detroit, Mich., Secretary. 

*o61. Gordon Stoner, Ann Arbor, Secretary. 

George B. Roth, *o6, '09m, is connected with 
the Hygiene Laboratory of the Public Health 
Service, Washington, D. C. He and Mrs. Roth 
(Dora Payne, '06,) are living at 1812 G St, 
N. W. 

David L. Dunlap, *o6m, is Director of Physical 
Education at Syracuse University, N. Y. A 
son. Ward Comstock, was born to him and Mrs. 
Dunlap (Elta Loomis, '08,) on June 22. 

Albert G. Granger, '06I, of Kadoka, S. Dak., 
who was last year representative from Stanley 
County, in the lower house of the state legisla- 
ture, was a candidate on the Republican ticket at 
the recent election for state senator from his 
county. Mr. Granger is South Dakota member 
of the Executive Committee of the International 
Dry Farming Congress, and since he has been 
in Kadoka has been interested in the agricul- 
tural development of the West. 

Digitized by 






'07. Archer P. Ritchie. 46 Home Bank Bldg., 
Detroit, Mich., SecreUry. 

'07. Mabel Tuomev, 1624 Second Atc., De- 
troit, Secretary lor Women. 

'o7e. Harry L. Coe, 79 Milk St., Boston, 
Mast., Secretary. 

'07m. Albert C. Baxter. Springfield, 111. 

'07I. Ralph W. Aiffler, Ann Arbor, Mich., Sec- 

J. Burdette Bain, '07, took post-graduate work 
in the New York State College of Agriculture at 
Cornell during 191 2-1 913, and last year he acted as 
instructor there in the Department of Animal 
Husbandry. In October he resigned his position 
to accept a position as Dairy Husbandman in the 
Bureau of Animal Industry, with headquarters 
in Washington, D. C. Mr. Bain will take 
charge of some special investigations into the 
cost of producing milk. Part of his time will be 
spent in getting men started on^ the work in 
some of the dairy states, after which he will re- 
main in Washington to direct the work. His 
address in Washington is 201 C St., N. W. 

Glenn B. Britton, '07, has been transferred 
from the Naugatuck, Conn., office of the Rubber 
Regenerating Co., to the Mishawaka, Ind., office. 
Mr. and Mrs. Britton (Mary Olive Chandler, '08,) 
may be addressed at 125 W. 7th St. 

Earl H. Frothingham, '07, and Mrs. Frothing- 
ham, who have been in Washington, D. C, for 
several years, where Mr. Frothingham is in the 
U. S. Forest Service, will spend some time in 
Ann Arbor this winter, while Mr. Frothingham 
makes a study of certain forestry conditions in 
the State. 

Leigh H. Pennington, '07, Ph.D. '09, formerly 
of the Botany Department of the University, has 
recently been appointed to take charge of the 
Botany Department of the New York State 
College of Forestry, Syracuse, N. Y. 

Born, to Lucian S. Moore, 'o7e, and Mrs. 
Moore, a daughter, Jean, on October 10, I9i4t 
at Detroit, Mich. 


'08. May I«. Baker, 513 N. Lincoln St, Bay 
City, Mich., Secretary. 

'o8e. Joe R. Brooks, Long Key, Florida, Sec- 

'08L Arthur L. Paulson, Elgin, 111., Secretary. 

Bom, to Mary White Brown, '08, and George 
H. Brown, a daughter, Mary Ida, on May 9, 
1914. Address, 792s Inglenook Place. Pitts- 
burgh, Pa. 

Robert W. Clark, '08, A.M. '13, spent the sum- 
mer in the employ of the Wisconsin Geological 
Survey, where he had charge of eight men. A 
second daughter, Jane Griswold, was bom on 
July 27. 10 14, to him and Mrs. Clark (Jessie 
Wood, ^11.) Address, 1082 Ferdon Road, Ann 

Harriet M. Dilla, '08, A.M. '09, is head of the 
Department of Economics and Sociology at Lake 
Erie College, Painesville, Ohio. 

Born, to Elta Loomis Dunlap, '08, and David 
L. Dunlap, 'o6m, a son, Ward Comstock, June 
22, 19 14. Address, Syracuse University, Syracuse, 

Josephine Fearon, '08, whose marriage to Mr. 
Edward J. Winans took place on June 10, at 
Peking, China, has been a member of the W. F. 
M. S. in Peking since 1910. Mr. Winans was 
Rhodes scholar from Oregon from 1907 to x^io 
at Oxford, and has been a professor In Pekmg 
University since 1910. Thty may be addressed 
at the M. E. Compound, Peking. 

Minnie Baldwin Frisbie, '08, (Mrs. Marshall 
Frisbie.) whose husband graduated from the Law 
Department in 1907, is living at 1309 Clifford 

St, Flint, Mich. She has three children, the 
youngest, a daughter. Crystal Mary, was born 
October 28, 191 3. Mr. Frisbie is practicing law 
at 307 The Dryden. 

Bom, to Professor Frank G. Kane, '08, and 
Mabel Bell Kane, '09, a daughter, in August, at 
Seattle, Wash. Professor Kane is the head of 
the department of Joumalism at the University 
of Washington. 

Mabel E. Long, '08, is teaching in the Detroit 
Eastern High School. Her address is 219 Glad- 
stone Ave. 

Winifred Adams Mowrer, '08, with her husband, 
Paul Scott Mowrer, *os-'o8, and children, spent 
the past summer in America at Provincetown, 
R. I. They are now living in London, where 
Mr. Mowrer has been transferred by his paper, 
The Chicago Daily News, from the Paris Office. 
They may be addressed in care of The Chicago 
Daily News, London, England. 

Thomas L. O'Lcary, '08, *iol, is prosecuting 
attorney of Thurston County, Wash., with head- 
quarters at Olympia. 

Bert E. Quick, '08, has returned from his 
journey around the world with Dr. H. A. Gleason, 
of the BoUny Department. The months from 
September, 191 3, to May, 191 4. were spent in 
the tropics, where they were studying the vege- 
tation. They returned to New York by way of 
the Suez Canal and Naples. Mr. Quick became 
in September assistant in BoUny at the Uni- 
versity of Illinois. He is still continuing his 
work in absentia for his doctor's degree at the 
University of Michigan. Address, care of the 
Department of Botany, University of Illinois, 
Urbana, 111. 

Mahlon C Timison, *o8, e*o3-'o6, has become 
pastor of the Southside Baptist Church of Fort 
Wayne, Ind. His residence address is 1145 I^ay* 
ton Ave. 

Helen M. Woodward, '08, who for the past 
two years has been secretary of the MacKenzie 
School for Boys, may now be addressed at Mon- 
roe, Orange C;o., N. Y., on Lake Walton, where 
the school has taken up new quarters. 

Howard K. Holland, 'o8e, notice of whose 
marriage is given elsewhere, is supervising engi- 
neer for Gardner S. Williams, '890, constilting 
engineer, of Ann Arbor. 

Bora, to Russel H. Wilson, 'oSl, and Mrs. 
Wilson, a daughter, Ciertmde Vcrgenc, on Sep- 
tember 21, 1 91 4. Address, 20 High Street, Houl- 
ton. Me. Mr. Wilson is located in Aroostook 
Coimty in the interest of Credits and Collections 
for the Armour Fertilizer Works. 

W. Scott Hubbard, B.S. (Phar.) '08, in- 
structor in Food and Dmg Analysis in the Uni- 
versity from 191 1 to 1914, and Acting Secretary 
of the School of Pharmacy from 191 2-14, took 
up his duties in the Bureau of Chemistry, Wash- 
ington, D. C, as Assistant Chemist. On No- 
vember I he was promoted to the position of 
Organic Chemist in the same Bureau. Address, 
1930 New Hampshire Ave., Washington, D. C. 


'09. Edmund B. Chaffee, 1507 Broad St, Hart- 
ford, Conn., Secretary. 

•09. Florence Baker White, 5604 University 
Blvd., Seattie, Wash. « , .. 

•o9e. Stanley B. Wiggins, 115 S. Jeffcrton 
Ave., Saginaw, Mich.. Secretary. ^ ^,^ ^ 

'09L Charles Bowles, 210 Moffat Bldg., De- 
troit, Mich., Secretary. 

Joseph A. Andrew, '09, notice of whose mar- 
riage appears elsewhere, is a member of the firm 
of Gougar & Andrew, Attorneys and Counsellors, 
Lafayette, Ind. 

Chauncey S. Boucher, '09, Ph.D. '14, who con- 
ducted Professor Van Tyne's course in American 
History last year, during Professor Van Tyne's 
absence, is this year professor of American his- 

Digitized by 





tory at Washington University, St. Louis, Mo. 
Mrs. Boucher was Ida J. D'Ooge, '09. 

John £. Erickson, '09, is principal of the 
Houghton, Mich., High School. 

Frances M. Richards, '09, A.M. '14, is teaching 
in Port Huron, Mich. Address, 13 16 Military 

Watson G. Harmon, *09e, recently junior engi- 
neer in the U. S. I<ake Survey in Detroit, has 
been appointed teaching assistant in civil engi- 
neering in the University for the coming year. 
Mr. Harmon has also enrolled in the Graduate 
Department to do work in sanitary engineering. 
His address in Ann Arbor is 121 7 S. State St. 

Anton A. Schlichte^ *09e, is instructor in Bac- 
teriology in Ohio State University, Columbus, 

Dan K. Segur, 'o9e, is superintendent of the 
Inter-Ocean Oil Co., Kast Brooklyn, Baltimore, 

Otho M. Sutherland, •o9e, has been trans- 
ferred by the government from the Forests Pro- 
ducts Laboratory at Madison, Wis., to Albu- 
querque, N. Mex., where he is doing work along 
civil engineering lines in the Forest Service. 
Address, 1407 W. Roma St. 


•10. Lee A White, 5604 University Blvd., 
Seattle, Wash., Secretary for men; Fannie B. 
Briggs, I07 S. Oak Park Ave., Oak Park, 111., 
Secretary for women. 

'loe. William F. Zabriskie, 33 Alexandrine Ave., 
E.. Detroit, Secretary. 

loL Thomas J. Riley, Escanaba, Mich., Secre- 

Born, to Walter A. Hoyt, '10, '12m, and Ethel 
Volland Hoyt, '11, a daughter, Dorothy, October 
16, 1914, at Ann Arbor. Dr. Hoyt is instructor 
in Surgery in the Medical Department of the 

Margaret Rebecca Shelly, *io, is teaching Ger- 
man at Freeport, 111. 

Lewis T. Kniskern, 'loe, has returned from six 
months in Chuquicomata, Chile, South America, 
where he was doing special work for the Thomp- 
son Starrett Company, of New York. He is now 
acting as assistant general superintendent of that 
company at §1 Wall St., New York City. 

Frank S. Upham, 'loe, is Professor of Engi- 
neering at the Imperial University, Pekin, China. 

Denzil Noll^ 'lol, has recently been appointed 
Assistant United States Attorney in the First 
Division of Alaska, with headquarters at Ketchi- 


Care Diamond 

*ii. Gordon W. Kingsbury, 
Crystal Salt Co., St Clair, Mich., Secretary for 
men; Ethel Volland Hoyt, Ann Arbor, Secretary 
for women. 

*iie. Harry Bouchard, Care J. G. White En- 
gineering Co., Ausniata. Ga. 

*iil. Edward B. Klewer, 505 Tcnn. Trust 
Bldg., Memphis, Tenn., Secretary. 

'iim. Ward P. Seeley, U. of M. Hospital, Ann 
Arbor, Mich. 

Floyd Atkinson, '11, may be addressed at Pratt 
City. Ala. 

Gladys J. Chappelle, *ii, is teaching French, 
German and Latin in the Kent, Wash., High 
School. Her address is 318 E. Meeker St 

Chester A. Doty, *ii, e*o5-'o7, M.S. '13, for- 
merly instructor m Physiological Chemistry in 
the Medical Department, is this year Professor 
of Bacteriology and Physioloprical Chemistry in 
the Detroit College of Medicme, Detroit, Mich. 
Notice of Mr. Doty's marriage is given else- 

Constance G. Eirich, *ii, A.M. '13, is teaching 
geography and physiography in Little Rock, Ark. 

T. Irene Finn, '11, is teaching in Northwestern 
High School, Detroit, Mich. 

Harold F. Pelham, *ii, '13I, is practicing law 
in Birmingham, Ala., with offices at 1027-8 First 
National Bank Bld^. Mr. Pelham is secretary 
of the Alumni Association of Alabama. 

Bel Ribble, '11, may be addressed at Sidney, 

Edwin W. Schreiber, 'ii, is head of the mathe- 
matics department in the high school at New- 
castle, Pa. 

Chester O. Staples, *o7-'o9, has returned to 
Ann Arbor and entered the Literary Depart- 
ment of the University. Mr. Staples, who mar- 
ried Miss Pauline de Nancrede several years ago, 
has been engaged in the lumber business in Wy- 
cliffe, B. C. Mr. and Mrs. Staples, with their 
baby, are living at the corner of State and Mon- 
roe Streets. 

Kittie L. Williams, '11, is teaching Latin and 
German at Oxford, Mich. 

Roy W. Withrow, '11, for the past year prin- 
cipal of the high school at Oilman, 111., may now 
be addressed at Spring Valley, 111. 

Paul A. Daniels, 'iie, may be addressed in 
care of the chief engineer, Bessemer & Lake 
Erie Railway, Greenville, Pa. 

Philip W. Kniskern, 'iie, has recently re- 
turned from a six months stay in Chuquicomata, 
Chile, South America, where, with his brother, 
he was doing special work for the Thompson 
Starrett Company, of New York. He may now 
be addressed in care of that company at 51 Wall 
St., New York City. 

William E. Lenz, *iie, and Walter C. Maul, 
e*o7-'o8, '09-* 10, are members of the firm of 
MacFarlane, Lenz & Maul, of Detroit, Mich. 


'la. Carl W. Eberbach, 402 S. Fourth St, Ann 
Arbor; Herbert G. Watkms, 445 Cass Ave., De- 
troit, Mich.. Irene McFadden, 831 Third Ave., 
Detroit Mich. 

'i2e. Harry H. Steinhauser, 546 W. ia4th St, 
New York, N. Y. 

'12I. George E. Brand, 50S-9 Hammond Bldg., 
Detroit, Mich. 

Grace M. Albert, '12, is teaching in North- 
western High School, Detroit, and not in the 
Detroit * Central High School, as was announced 
in the October Alumnus. 

Tohn L. Cox, '12, formerly with the Burroughs 
Adding Machine Company, of Birmingham, Ala., 
is now with the Phoenix Mutual Life Insurance 
Co., 607 American Trust and Savings Bank Bldg., 

Louis Eich, '12, formerly on the faculty of the 
Ann Arbor High School, has been appointed for 
the coming year an instructor in Oratory in the 
University. Address, 525 Benjamin St. 

Florence B. Hammond, '12, is teaching English 
in tile high school at Kenosha, Wis. Katherine 
G. Tuomy, ''£; is also teaching in Kenosha. 

Lola D. Jeffries, '12, is corresponding secretary 
of the Detroit Branch of the Association of Col- 
legiate Alumnae. 

Ensign and Mrs. Sherman S. Kennedy (Ema 
Widenman, *i2,) ari^L making their home for the 
next two years in Atmapolis, Md. Their address 
is 214 Prince George St. 

Viola L< Pearce, '12, is teaching at Marquette, 

Nellie L. Perkins, '12, who has recently been 
an examining psychologist at the laboratory of 
social hygiene at Bedford Hills, N. Y., is this 
year an assistant in the Department of Psych- 
ology at the University. 

Alice M. Ripley, '12, is teaching in the Detroit 
Schools, and may be addressed at 2322 West 
Grand Blvd. 

Aria Belle Stevens, '12, has removed from 
Rockland, Mich., to Eureka, Mont 

Verne L. Tickner, '12, is assistant secretary and 

Digitized by 




[ November 

actuary of the Northern Assurance Company of 
Michigax, with offices in Detroit. 

Roxie J. Welbourn, '12, is in Indianapolis, Ind., 
this year. Her address is tz-j North New Jersey 

Zella M. Williamson, *i2, is teaching in the 
seventh and eighth grades, and high school 
physics, in Stockbridge, Mich. 

George W. Armstrong, 'i2e, formerly an in- 
structor at the Iowa State College, is this year 
instructor in metallurgy at the University of Wis- 
consin, Madison, Wis. 

Erwin P. Bancroft, 'i2e, formerly with the 
Western Union Telegraph Co., has been appointed 
teaching assistant in electrical engineering in the 

Paul ly. Born, 'i2e, may be addressed in care 
of the Ritcr-Conley Mfg. Co., at Kockford, HI. 

Joseph F. liudnutt, *i2e, is Professor of Archi- 
tecture at the Alabama Polytechnic School at 
Auburn, Ala. 

Morley S. Sloman, 'i2e, has removed from 
New York City to Pittsburgh, where he may be 
addressed at 15 13 Farmers Bank Bldg. 

John J. Danhof, Jr., '07, '12I, is with the Legal 
Department of the Michigan Central Railroad 
Company at Detroit, Mich. His residence ad- 
dress is 167 Hendrie Ave. 

John H. Payne, '12I, notice of whose marriage 
is given elsewhere, is Chicago representative of 
the Cotton Southern Machinery Co., of Atlanta, 
Ga. He is also the W. R. C. Smith Publishing 
Company's Chicago representative on cotton and 
southern machinery publishing in Atlanta, Ga. 
Mr. Payne was manager of the Wolverine, the 
Summer School tri-weekly, during the summers 
of 191 1 and 19 1 2, and was the first to put the 
paper on a paying basis. 

Frank A. Picard, '12], of Saginaw, Mich., has 
been elected grand knight of the Saginaw Council 
of Knights of Columbus. He is said to be the 
youngest grand knight in the United States. 

Clifford C. Glover, 'i2p, B.S. (Phar.) '13, e*07- 
'10, is an instructor in Pharmacy in the Univer- 
sity, his appointment taking effect with the pres- 
ent school year. 

William L. Mitchell, •i2p, B.S. (Phar.) '14. is 
employed in the laboratories of Merck & Co., 
Rahway, N. J. 


•13. Karl J. Mohr, 533 Church St., Ann Arbor, 

•i3e. Kirke K. Hoagg» 24 Chandler Ave., De- 
troit, Mich. 

'13m. Carl V. Weller, Secretary, Ann Arbor. 

'13I. Ora L. Smith, Ithaca, Mich. 

Jean Coates, '13, is teaching in the eighth grade 
at Newcastle, Pa. Her address is 323 Boyles Ave. 

Leroy M. Coffin, '13, is an instructor in mathe- 
matics in Adrian College, Adrian, Mich. 

Howard V. DeVree, '13, is on the staff of 
the Kansas City, Mo., Star. 

Jay Dunne, '13, instructor in the Economics 
Department of the University of Chicago, spent 
several weeks in Ann Arbor in September, work- 
ing with Professor Friday on the Pere Marquette 

Born, to Robert P. Lane, '13, and Mrs. Lane, a 
daughter, Elizabeth B., October 25, 19 14, at Ann 
Arbor. Mr. Lane is an instructor in the Rhetoric 

Elizabeth Ware, '13, is a librarian in the Kansas 
City, Mo., Public Library. 

Ella S. Hoghton, A.M. '13, assistant in the 
Fine Arts Department of the University, returned 
on October 4 from a summer spent in Europe. 
Miss Hogton bad expected to make a study of 
Leonardo d'Vinci, and spent a month in London 
and Paris in preparation for work in Berlin, which 
was prevented by the outbreak of the war. She 
is living this year at 215 South State St. 

Kenelm W. Collamore, 'i3e, is with the Mem- 
phis Motor Co., of Memphis, Tenn. 

Ward F. Davidson, '13c, is with the Westing- 
house Electric and Mfg. Co., of Pittsburgh. His 
residence address is 428 South Ave., Wilkinsburgh, 

Clair G. Hoover, *i3e, who since grraduation 
has been employed by the Newport News Ship 
Building Company, of Newport News, Va., is 
this year a teaching assistant in mechanical engi- 
neering in the University. 

John C. Thornton. *i3e, has been transferred 
from the employ of John Graham, Supervising 
Architect, Ford Motor Co., to the Construction 
Department of the Ford Motor Co. He is living 
at 152 King Ave., Detroit 

Ray B. Whitman, 'i3e, is practicing as a naval 
architect in Oak Park, 111. He specializes in fast 
racing yachts, "one design" classes, racing and 
cruising motor boats. He may be addressed at 
Box 66. 

Frank E. Sayers, 'lie, '13m, formerly on the 
stall of the Youngstown Citv Hospital, is now 
practicing in Normal, 111. Address, corner North 
St. and Broadway. 

Peter Balkema, '13I, is with the firm of Shull, 
Gill, Sammis & Stillwell, Iowa Bldg., Sioux 
City, la. 

Wilbcr M. Derthick, Jr^ rio-'i2, is attorney 
for Tollerton & Warficld, Sioux City, la. 

Sidney E. Doyle, *i3l, of Detroit, was a candi- 
date on the Democratic ticket for state senator 
fiom Wayne County. Raymond E. Bostick, '131, 
was nominated on the Republican ticket for 
prosecutor in Wrexford County, and Carl A. 
Lehman, '13I, of Ann Arbor, was nominated for 
prosecutor on the Democratic ticket. In Gratiot 
County, Ora L. Smith, '13I, of Ithaca, was also 
on the ticket as a candidate for prosecutor. 
Thomas Read, '13I, of Shelby, was on the Re- 
publican ticket as candidate for the legislature 
from Oceana County. 

Merle F. Wells, '13!, is practicing with Alfred 
C. Mueller, Attorney at Law, zz Davenport Sav- 
ings Bank Bldg., Davenport, la. 

The members of the 1913 law class located in 
Detroit, met for the second time this fall at 
Dolph's Cafe for dinner on October 29. Those 
oresent were: Clifton G. Dyer, Wilson W. 

Mills, Charles A. Wagner, Richard J. Simmons, 
J. Howell Van Auken, Allan G. Luddington, J. J. 
Kennedy, Frank J. Kessel, Leo P. Rabaut and 
Clifford B. Longley. 

'14. Bruce J. Miles, ^2 Watson Place, The 
Vaughan Apts., Detroit, Mich; Jessie Cameron. 
619 N. Lincoln Ave., Bay City, Mich.: Leonard 
M. Rieser, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. 

'14I. John C Winter, 53 King Ave., Detroit, 

The following members of the 191 4 literary 
class are in Ann Arbor this year : Peter A. V an 
Hartesveldt, Lawrence M. Sprague, Lylc M. 
Clift, Werner W. Schroeder, Russell H. Neilscn, 
Nathan E. Van Stone, Frank G. Millard, Harry 
L. Bell, Floyd L. Young, Henry C Rummell, 
Renville Wheat, H. Beach Carpenter, Adna R. 
Johnssn, Louie H. Dtmten, Howard L. Wheaton, 
Robert G. Rodkey, Clarence B. Zewadiski, George 
G. Caron, George C Hammer, Patrick D. Koontz, 
Leland E. Grossman, Kenneth N. Westerman, 
Hugh G. Allerton, Glen L- Cowing, Paul H. 
Cunningham, William C. Mullendore, Durward 
Grinstead, Felix M. Church, Frank F. Kolbe. 
Most of them are students in the various pro- 
fessional departments. 

Marshall A. Becker, '14, is principal of the 
high school at Durand, Mich. 

Edith I. Brice, '14, is teaching Latin and Ger- 
man at Montpelier, Idaho. 

Bessie S. Chase, '14, is employed as a substi- 
tute in the Detroit schools. 

Digitized by 






Gaylord H. Chizum, '14, is a student in the 
Law Department of the University of California. 
His address is 2226 Chapel St., Flat B, Berkeley, 

Bom, to Leonard L. Cline^ 'io*'i3, and Mary 
Louise Smurthwaite Cline, School of Music, a 
daughter, Mary Louise, on September 6, 1914, at 
Manistee, Mich. Mr. Cline is reading law with 
Mr. Smurthwaite in Manistee. The Poet Lore 
Company recently published a book of poems 
written by Mr. Chne, which is reviewed else- 

Leo C. Conradi, '14, is chemist with the Stark 
Rolling Mill Co. 

Eliza E. Cranner, '14, is teaching in the eighth 
grade at Steubenville. Ohio. 

Aloysia M. Driscoll, '14, is assistant principal 
at Rockland, Mich. 

Albert Leslie De Greene, '14, is teaching Eng- 
lish in the George School, Pa. 

Gordon C. Eldredge, '14, is in tjie office of the 
Walter Thompson Company, Kresge Bldg., 
etroit, Mich. 
Malcolm W. Fuhrer, 'io-*i2, is with the Ala- 
bama Grocery Company, of Birmingham, Ala. 

Herbert W. Graffius, '14, is teaching mathema- 
tics at Steubenville, O. 

Anna Loretta Helmsdorfer, '14, is teaching 
English at Baraga. Mich. 

Walter N. Isbell, '14, is a mathematics instruc- 
tor in the Detroit Central High School. 

Margaret E. Irving, '14, is teaching public 
speaking in the Iowa State College, Ames, la. 

Flora E. Judd, '14, is teaching English in the 
West Side High School, Saginaw, Mich. 

John A. Keane, '14, is in the requisitions de- 
partment of the Cadillac Motor Car Co., Detroit. 
Residence, 504 Harper St. 

Sophie M. Koch, '^4, is teaching German and 
history in St. Johns, Mich. 

Edna A. Mann^ '14, is teaching English in the 
high school at Mason, Mich. 

Elta J. Martin, '14, is an assistant in physics 
in the Michigan Agricultural College, Lansing, 

Fred C. Matthaei, '14, is a clerk in the office 
of the superintendent of the Public Lighting Com- 
mission, Detroit, Mich. 

Charlotte L. Peoples, 'i4f is instructor in Eng- 
lish in the State Normal School, Fredericksburg, 

Ellen E. Rig^i 'i4» is teaching German and 
science in the high school at Buffalo, Wyo. 

Clarence E- Shaffner, '14, has accepted a posi- 
tion in the advertising department of the Ford 
Motor Co., of Detroit. 

Fay E. Shurte, '14, is teaching at Imlay City, 

Norman L. Smith, '14, is with the Standard 
Oil Company at Birmingham, Ala. His address 
is 1 30 1 South 1 2th St 

Marchie Sturges, '14, is General Catalogue sec- 
retary of the University. Her address is 857 
Tappan Road, Ann Arbor. 

Frances W. Tickfror, '14, is principal of the 
high school at Algonac, Mich., and is also teach- 
ing Latin, English and history. 

Charles P. Wattles, '14. is traveling in New 
England for the D. M. Perry Co. He may be 
addressed at Fowler, Ind. 

Howard L. Wheaton, '14, is teaching mathe- 
matics in the high school at Flint, Mich., where 
he also has charge of the football and baseball 

George E. Wier, '14, is employed in the ap- 
praisal department of the Big Four Railroad at 
Cindnnati, Ohio. 

Helen L. Wolcot, '14, is teaching English at 
Steubenville, Ohio. 
Joseph E. De Camp, Ph.D. '14, is teaching 

rsychoiogy in the University of Illinois, Urbana, 

Herman R. Beuhler, 'i4e, is connected with 
the Oil Engine Department of the Snow Steam 

Pump Works, Buffalo, N. Y. His residence ad- 
dress is 49 Johnson Park. George L. Williams, 
'i4e, is also with the same company. 

Ernest B. Drake, *i4e, reported in the last 
number of The Alumnus to be teaching in the 
Genesee Wesleyan Seminary, Lima, N. Y., is 
teaching chemistry in the Cass Technical High 
School, Detroit, Mich. His address is 908 War- 
ren Ave., West. 

Henry P. Dutton, *i4e, is at present employed 
as instructor in factory management in the School 
of Commerce of Northwestern University. Notice' 
of his marriage is given elsewhere in this number. 

Gerhardt L. Luebbers, *i4e, may be addressed 
at Snohomish, Wash. 

Henry William Lichtner, 'i4e, is coaching the 
football team of the Saginaw, East Side^ High 
School, and Emil A. Tessin, '14I, is coaching the 
team of the Arthur Hill High School, Saginaw. 
Both men were members of the Varsity football 
squad in 191 3. 

Archibald R. MacLaren, 'i^e, is teaching assist- 
ant in mechanical engineermg at the Univer- 
sity for the coming year. 

Beauford H. Reeves, 'i4e, is an engineer with 
the Board of Public Works of Highland Park, 
Mich. His residence address is The Beverly 
Apartment, 634 Cass Ave., Detroit. 

Albert Roth, 'i4e, graduate student in sanitary 
engineering, with E. D. Rich, State Sanitary 
Engineer, visited several tanneries in western 
Pennsylvania during the week of October 25. At 
the end of the week, Mr. Roth read a paper on 
"Disposal of Tannery Wastes" before the meet- 
ing of the American Association of Leather 
Chemists at Chicago. 

Fred W. Zinn, i4e, writes from a garrison at 
Toulouse, France, that he is to go to the front 
shortly. For some weeks he has been in training 
with a squad of Americans in the service of 
France, under a German corporal imported from 
Africa to fight against his countrymen. 

Paul D. Busby, '14I. is with A. C. Markley, 
Attorney at Law, of McAlester. Okla. 

Grover C Grismore, *i2, J.D. *4. is an instruc- 
tor in conveyancing in the Law Department of 
the University. 

Henry Hart, '141; is with Millis, Griffin, Seely 
& Streeter, 140 1-7 Ford Bldpr., Detroit, Mich. 

Blakey Helm, '14I, is in the law office of 
Trabuc, Doolan & Cox, Columbia Bldg., Louis- 
ville. Ky. 

Fred Hinkle, '141, was elected county attorney 
of Clark County, Kansas, by a majority of two 
to one over his opponent on November 3 The 
county comprises 900 square miles, and Mr. 
Hinkle carried all the precincts but two. After 
January i his office will be in the court house at 
Ashland, Kans. 

Donald F. Melhom, '11, '14I, was elected prose- 
cuting attorney at Kenton, O., at the recent elec- 

David C. Johnson, '12, '14I, is acting as secre- 
tary to bis father^ Hon. E. F. Johnson, Chief 
Justice of the Philippine Islands, at Manila. 

John J. Kelley. '14I, is now in the law offices 
of Mr. J. Van Dyke Norman in the Paul Jones 
Bldg., Louisville, Ky., where he will engage in 
the general practice of law. 

Vernon W. LeMaster, '12, *i4ni, is practicing 
with Dr. O. O. LeMaster, at 126 W. Poplar St., 
Sidney, Ohio. 

Milton Shaw, '12, '14m, is on the staff of the 
Cincinnati General Hospital, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Robert S. Ideson, 'i4h, is an interne in the 
Homoeopathic Hospital of the University. 

Edward J. Phillips, 'i4h, is on the staff of the 
Ernest Wende Hospital, Broadway and Spring 
St., Buffalo, N. Y. 

Philip P. Serio, 'i4h, has entered into partner- 
ship with Dr. A. B. Grant, of Grant Hospital, 
Albion, Mich. Dr. and Mrs. Serio (Vivian Case, 
'12,) mav be addressed at 506 Michigan Ave., 
Albion, Mich. 

Digitized by 




St. Joseph's Sanitorium 

Conducted by the Sisters of Mercy 

Ann Arbor Wanted'' 

Grand Private Hospital 

Fireproof, Sanitary. 
Private Rooms wi^ Bath. 
Three Sun Parlors. 
Larflre Roof Garden, over- 
looking University Campus 
and Huron River Valley. 
Beautiful Grounds. 

Ktftrtmfs:^t>r. C, G. OsrUmg 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

Digitized by 


Digitized by 


Digitized by 


Digitized by 



IHniversitig HHudic IHowse 


Maynard and William Streets 

A New Store on the Corner 

Michigan Music for Christmas Gifts 

The Michigan Song Book. Price $2.25 postpaid 

All otiiar MickifmB Songt, 2Z« poatpaU 

A NEW SONG "'T^** Michigan Band." 

Boost the Band by sending for a copy. Price 27c, postpaid. 

•Victors'* and **Var8ity" will appear on a Victor Record Jan, 20th, 1915 


C. % peters Si Son Co. 

145 Mifh Stf et 

Boftoo, MaffaehtMcttf 

Photo Engravers Electrotypers 


A Michigmn Corporation, Organ- 
iaad, Incorporated, and Operated 
nnder the Laws of Michigan, 

Furnishing Mieiiigan Service 
for Miciiigan Peopie 

For nearly forty years— have been the 
\ ones to think out, and put ont he mar- 
{A ket, things rMlly imw In sport. 
(•I Art Yeu Peetod en Just 

/ What's New This YearT 

./ Send for our catalogue. Hundreds of 
^ Illustrations of what to use and wear — 
For Competition— For Recreation— For 
Health— Indoor and Outdoor. 
A. G. Spalding & Bros.. 2S4.Woodward Ave. Detroit. Mich 

Wanted — A Mechanical Engineering graduate, 30 
years of age, who has served an apprentice- 
ship with a large steel company and has a 
record of successful engineering and business 
experience contemplates a change. Desires 
business connections with a firm that wants 
a hustler with ability and personality to get 
results. Can furnish Ai credentials. 

Wanted — Recent graduate in mechanical engi- 
neering, who has been engaged in railroad 
freight car construction over three years, 
desires a position about the first of the year 
in the same lines. 
In answering these advertisements, please ad- 

dress The Alumnus. 

Michigan Alumni own the Alumnus; they patronixe its advertisers 

Digitized by L:f OOQIC 



St. Joseph's Sanitorium 

Conducted by the Sisters of Mercy 

""Just bfhat 
Ann Arbor Wanted"* 

Grand Private Hospital 

Fireproof, Sanitary. 
Private Rooms with Bath. 
Three Syn Parlors. 
Lar^e Roof Garden, over- 
looking University Campus 
and Huron River Valley. 
Beautiful Grounds. 

HefereHees:—Dr. C. G. Darling 

Dr. K^. Vishop Canfield 

Digitized by 




This directory is published for the purpose of affording a convenient guide to Michip^an Alumni of 
the rarious professions, who may wish to sectu-e reliable correspondents of the same profession to transact 
business ac a distance, or of a special professional character. It is distinctly an intra-professional directory. 
Alumni of all professions, who, by reason of specialty or location, are in a position to be of service to 
Alumni of the same profession, are invited to place their cards in the directory. 

Professional cards in this directory are classified alphabetically by sUtes, alphabetically by cities 
within the states, and the names of alumni (or firms) in each city are likewise alphabetically arranged. 
The price of cards is fifty cents (soc) per insertion — ^five dollars a year, payable in advance. Cards in the 
Legal Directorv section will be published in the Michigan Law Review also, at a special combination 
price of six dollars a year, payable in advance. 

Xanlter0 anb Srofiere 



Members New York Stock Exchange. 

Stanley D. McGraw, '92. _ Linzee Blad^en (Harvard) 

III Broadway, 

Draper (Harvard). 

New York, N. Y. 



Southern Trust Building, Little Rock. Ark. 


724-5-6 MerchanU Trust Bldg., Los Angeles, Cal. 

L R. RUBIN, '08I. 
401-3-3 Citizens National Bank Bldg., Los Angeles, C aL 


Inman Sealby, *i2l. 

Hunt C. Hill, *i3l. 

Attorneys at Law and Proctors in Admiralty. 

607-611-6x3 Kohl Building. San Francisco, C9I, 


Arthur F. Friedman, *o81. 
Horace H. Hindry, '97 (Stanford). 
Poster Building, Denver, Colo. 


John F. Shafroth. '75. 
forrison Shafroth, '10. 

407 McPhee Bldg., 

Denver, Colo. 


DUANB E. POX ,'8i. 
NEWTON K. POX, 'lal. 
Washington Loan and Trust Bldg., Washington, D. C. 


Colorado Building, 

Penfield and Penfield, 


Washington, D. C. 



Suite 3x7, Idaho Bldg., 

Boise, Idaho. 


1533 Tribune Bldg., 7 So. Dearborn St, Chicago, ID. 

E. D. REYNOLDS, '96I. 
Manufacturers National Bank Bldg., Rockford, lU. 



Suite A, North Side Bank Bldg., Evansville, Ind. 

Suite 406 American Central Life Building, 

Indianapolis, Ind. 

iai6 State Life Bldg., Indianapolis, Ind. 


Louis Newberger. 
Charles W. Richards. 
Milton N. Simon. 'oaL 
Lawrence B. Davis. 
Suite 808-814 Majestic Bldg., Indianapolis, Ind. 


Suite 433-4-5 Jefferson Bldg, 

South Bend, Ind. 


H. H. SUpp. A. I. Madden. 

E. D. Perry, •03I. Vincent Starzinger. 

1 1 16, 1 1 17, 1 1 18, 1 1 19, X120 Equitable Bldg., 

Dea Moines, .Iowa. 


309-211 Husted Bldg., Kansas City, Kaa. 

Digitized by V:f OOQIC 




Wallace H. White. Wallace H. White. Jr. 

Seth M. Carter. Chas. B. Carter, '05I. 

Masonic Bldg., Lenriston, Maine. 



403*4*5 Nat. Bank of Commerce Bldg., 

Adnan, Mich. 

OSCAR W. BAKER, 'oal. 

Bankruptcy, Commercial and Corporation Law. 

307 Shearer Bros. Bldg., Bay City, Mich. 

Levi L. Barbour, '63, '65I. 

George S. Field, '95I. 
Frank A. Martin. 
30 Buhl Block, Detroit, Mich. 


Henry Russel, '73, '751, Counsel; Henry M. Campbell, 
•76, '78I; Charles H. Campbell, '80; Harry C. Bulkley, 
*9^t *95l! Henry Ledyard; Charles H. L'Hommedieu, 
'061; WUson W. Mills, '13I; Douglas Campbell, '10, 
'131 ; Henry M. Campbell, Jr., *o8, iiL 

604 Union Trust Bldg., Detroit, Mich. 

Ward N. Choate, 'p2-*94. Wm. J. Lehmann, '041, '05. 
' R. Robertson. 

Detroit, Mich. 

Charles R. Robertson. 
705-710 Dime Bank Bldg., 


James T. Keena, '74. Walter E. Oxtoby, *981. 

Clarence A. Lightner, '83. Tames V. Oxtoby, '95!. 

Charles M. Wilkinson, '71. 

901-4 Penobscot Building, Detroit, Mich. 


Wade Mill's. '98I. Clark C Seely. 

William J. Griffin, '0$}. Howard Streeter, 'oil. 

Howard C. Baldwin. Charles L. Mann, '08I. 

Henr y Hart, '14I. 

1401-7 Ford Building, Detroit, Mich. 

Jacob Kleinhans. 
Stuart E. Knappen, '98. 
Marshall M. Uhl, W 
317 Michigan Trust Co. Bldg., Grand Rapids, Mich. 

NORRis, Mcpherson ft Harrington. 

Mark Norris, '79, *8al. 
Charles McPherson, (Albion) '95. 
Leon W. Harrington, *05l. 
721-731 Michigan Trust Bldg., Grand Rapids, Mich. 



Delbert J. Haflf, '84, '861; Edwin C. Meservey ; Charles 
W. German; William C. Michaels, '951 ; Samuel D. 
Newkirk; Charles M. Blackmar; Frank G. Warren; 
Henry A. Bundschu, 'iil. 

Suite 906 Commerce Bldg., Kansas City, Mo. 

JACOB L. LORIE, '95. '96I. 
608-8-9 American Bank Bldg., 

Kansas City, Mo. 

1320 Commerce Bldg., 

Kansas City, Mo. 

Leslie J. Lyons. 
Hugh C. Smith, '94L 

Suite 1003 Republic Bldg., 

Kansas City, Mo. 


Charles Cummings Collins. 
Harry C Barker. 

Roy F. Britton, LL.B. 'oa, LL.M. '03. 
Third Nat'l Bank Bldg., St. Louis, Mo. 


JBS8 P. PALMER, 'ojl 

634 Brandeis Theatre Bldg., 

Omaha, Neb. 


HARRY C. MILLER, '09, 'zil. 

22 Exchange Place, 

New York City. 


John S. Parker. Franklin A. Wagner, '99-'oi, '04I. 

Arnold L. Davis, '98L George Tumpson, *04L 

Mutual Life Bldg., 34 Nassau St., New York City. 


Forwarded gratis upon request. 

Eugene C Worden, '98, '99I, 

Lindsay Russell, '941. 

International Legal Correspondents. 

1 6$ Broadway, New York City. 


$2 Broadway, 

New York City. 

S2 William St, 
New York City . 


Henry Wollman, '78I. 
Benjamin F. Wollman, '94I. 
Achilles H. Kohn. 

20 Broad Street, 

New York City. 


Harvey Musser, '8al. 
T. W. Kimber, '04I. 
J. R. Huffman, '04I. 

503-9 Flatiron Bldg., 

Akron, Ohio. 

525 Engineering Bldg., 

P. 8. CRAMPTON, 'oa 

Guy W. House, '09, 'lal. 
Charles R. Brown, Jr. 

Cleveland, Ohio. 


William L. Mackenzie. Ralph P. Mackenzie, 'iil. 

James J. Weadock, '96I. Paul T. Landis, '13, '14I. 

Holmes Building, Lima, Ohio 


Alexander L. Smith. 
George H. Beckwith. 
Gustavus Ohlinger, '99, 
51-56 Produce Exchange Building, 


Toledo, Ohio. 


Chamber of Commerce., 

Portland, Oregon. 

Digitized by 




621-622 Bakewell Building, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Suite 523, Farmers' Bank Bldg., Pittsbtirgb, Pa. 


O. F. WENCKBR. 'oal, 

i9o6^ Commonwealth Bank Bldg. 

Dallas, Texas. 

H. O. LEDGERWOOD, 'oal. 
907 American Nat'l Bank Bldg., Fort Worth, Texas. 


413 Continental National Bank Bldg., 

Salt Lake City, Utah. 



C J. Prance. 

Frank P. Helsell, '08I. 

436-39 Burke Bldg., Seattle, Wash. 

SIS Empire Stat* Building, 

Spokane, Wash. 


PAUL D. DURANT, '95!. 
90a Wells Building, 

Milwaukee, Wit. 




Main Street, 

Wailuku, Maui, Hawaii. 

f oreion Countriee 



James Short, K.C Geo. H. Ross, '07L 

Frederick S. Selwood, B.A. Jos. T. Shaw. '09I 
L* Frederick Mayhood, 'iil. 

Calgary, Alberta, Canada. 


Barrister and Solicitor, 

Rooms 404-406 Crown Bldg., 615 Pender St. West, 

Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. 


Akron, O. — Every Saturday, at noon, at the 

Portage Hotel. 
Boston. — Every Wednesday at 12:30, in the 

Dutch Grill of the American House, Hanover St, 
Buffalo, N. Y. — Every Wednesday at 12 o'clock, 

at the Dutch Grill in the Hotel Statler. 
Chicago. — Every Wednesday noon, at the Press 

Cub, 26 North Dearborn St 
Chicago, 111. — The second Thursday of each month 

at 6:30 p. m., at Kuntz-Rcmmler's. 
Oeveland. — Every Thursday, from 12:00 to 1:00 

P. M., at the Chamber of Commerce. 
Detroit — Every Wednesday at 12:15 o'clock at 

the Edelweiss Cafe, corner Broadway and John 

R. Street. 
Detroit — (Association of U. of M. Women). The 

third Saturday of each month at 12:30 at the 

College Club, §0 Petcrboro. 
Duluth. — Every Wednesday at 12 o'clock, at the 

cafe of the Hotel Holland. 
Honolulu, H. I. — The first Thursday of each 

month at the University Club 
Houston, Texas. — The first Tuesday in each month 

at noon. 
Kalamazoo. — ^The first Wednesday of every month, 
at noon, at the New Brunswick House. 

Los Angeles, Calif. — Every Friday at 12:30 
o'clock, at the University Club, Consolidated 
Realty Bldg., corner Sixth and Hill Sts. 

Minneapolis, Minn. — Every Wednesday from 12 
to 2 o'clock, at the Grill Room of the Hotel 

Omaha. — The second Tuesday of each month, at 
12 o'clock at the University Club. 

Portland. — The first Tuesday of every month, at 
6:30 p. m., at the University Club. 

Portlana. — Every Wednesday from 12:15 to 1:1$, 
at the Oregon Grille, corner Broadway and 
Oak St 

Pittsburgh. — The last Saturday of each month, at 
I :oo p. m., at the 7th Avenue Hotel, 7th Ave 
and Liberty St 

Rochester, N. Y. — Every Wednesday at 12 o'clock, 
at the Rathskellar in the Powers Hotel. 

San Francisco. — Every Wednesday at 12 o'clock 
at the Hofbrau Restaurant, Pacific Bldg., Mar- 
ket Street 

Seattle, Wash. — The first Friday of each month, 
at noon, at the College Men's Club. 

Sioux City, la. — The third Thursday of every 
month at 6:00 P. M., at the Martin Hotel. 

Toledo. — Every Wednesday noon, at the Com- 
merce Club. 

Digitized by L:f OOQIC 


Vol. XXI. Entered at the Ann Arbor Poitoffice m Second Class Matter. Ho, %. 

WILFRED B. SHAW. '04 Editor 

HARRIET LAWRENCE, '11 Assistant Editor 


T. HAWLEY TAPPING, '16L Athletics 

THB MICHIGAN ALUMNUS is published on the lath of each month, except July and September, 
by the Alumni Association of the University of Michigan. 

SUBSCRIPTION, including dues to the Association. $1.50 per year (foreign postage, 50c per year 
additional) ; life memberships including subscription* $35.00, in seven annual payments, tour-nfths 
of-^whtdk- goes to a-permanent fund- held in troet- by the Treasurer of the University of Michigan 

CHANGES OP ADDRESS must be received at least ten days before date of issue. Subscribers chang- 
ing address i^ould notify the General Secretary of the Alunmi Association, Ann Arbor, promptlv, 
in advance if possible, of such change. Otherwise the Alumni Association will not be responsible 
for the deliverv of The Alumnus. 

DISCONTINUANCES. — If any annual subscriber wishes his copy of the paper discontinued at the 
expiration of his subscrii)tion, notice to that effect should be sent with the subscription, or at its 
expiration. Otherwise it is understood that a continuance of the subscription is desired. 

REMITTANCES should be sent by Check, Express Order, or Money Order, payable to order of The 
Alumni Association of the University of Michigan. 

LETTERS should be addressed: 




VICTOR HUGO LANE. *74e, '78I, Ann Arbor, Michigan PresideaC 

JUNIUS E. BEAU '83, Ann Arbor, Michigan Vice-President 

LOUIS PARKER JOCELYN, '87. Ann Arbor, Michigan Secretary 

GOTTHELF CARL HUBER. '87m, Ann Arbor. Michigan Treasurer 

HENRY WOOLSEY DOUGLAS, '90©. Ann Arbor, Michigan 

DAVID EMIL HEINEMAN, '87, Detroit. Michigan 

ELSIE SEELYE PRATT. '04m, Ann Arbor, Michigan 

WILFRED BYRON SHAW, '04, Ann Arbor, Michigan General Secretary 


Akron, O. (Summit Co. Association), Dr. Urban 
D. Seidel, 'osm, 

Alabama, Harold F. Pelham, '11. '13I, 1027 First 
National Bank Bldg., Birmingham, Ala. 

Allegan, Mich. (Allegan Co.), HoUis S. Baker, '10. 

Alpena, Mich. (Alpena County), Woolsey W. 
Hunt, *97-*99. m'99-*oi. 

Arizona, Albert D. Leyhe, '99I, Phoenix, Arix. 

AshUbula, Ohio, Mary Miller Battles, ^88m. 

Battle Creek, Mich., Harry R. Atkinson, '05. 

Bay City and West Bay City, Mich., Will Wells, 

Big Rapids, Mich., Mary McNemey, '03. 

Billings, Mont, Tames L. Davis, '07I. 

Buffalo, N. Y., Henry W. Willis, 'oa, 193 Massa- 
chusetts Ave. 

Chicago Engineering, Emanuel Anderson, '996, 

5301 Kenmore Ave. 
Cincinnati, Ohio, Charles C Benedict, '02, laay 

Union Trust Bldg. 
Oeveland, O., Irving L. Evans, 'lol, 70a Western 

Reserve Bldg. 
Coldwater, Mich. (Branch Co.), Hugh W. Clarke, 

Copper Country, Katherine Douglas, '08, L'Anae. 
Davenport, la. (Tri-City Association), (Carles S. 

Pryor, '13I, 513 Putnam Bldg. 
Denver, Colo., Howard W. Wilson, '13, care Inters 

state Trust Co., Cor. isth and Stout Sts. 
Des Moines, la. See Iowa. 

Detroit, Mich., James M. O'Dea, '090, 71 Broad- 
Detroit, Mich. (Association of U. of M. Women), 

Genevieve K. Duffy, '93, A.M. '94, 7 Marston 

'ill, 509 
. loth St. 

Winnetka, 111. 
Chicago, IlL, Beverly B. Vedder, '09, 'lal, 141 4 
Monadnock Block. 

< 97. 

( gers, '90, 

Grand Rapids Alumnae Association, Marion N. 
Frost, '10. 637 FounUin St, N. E. 

Greenville (Montcalm County), C Sophus John- 
son, 'loL 

Hastings, (Barry Co.), Mich., M. E. Osborne, '96. 

(Cbntinued on next page) 

Digitized by 



HUltdale (Hillsdale County), Mich., Z. Beatrice 

Uaskins, Mosherville, Mich. 
Honolulu, H. T. (Association of the Hawaiian 

Islands), Arthur F. Thayer, '93-'94. 
Idaho Association. Clare S. Hunter, ro6-'io, 

Idaho Bldg., Boise, Id. 
Indianapolis, Ind., Laura Donnan, '79, 216 N. 

Capitol Ave. 
Infham County, (Carles S. Robinson, '07, East 

Lansins, Mich. 
Ionia, Mich. (Ionia Co.), Mrs. Mary Jackson 

Bates, '89-'s)2. 
Iowa Association, Orville S. Franklin, '03I, Young- 

erman Bld^., Des Moines. 
Ironwood, Mich^ Ralph Hicks, '9a-'o^, '990. 
Ithaca, Mich. ((Gratiot Co.), Judge Kelly S. Searl, 

• Jackson, Mich. (Jackson County), George H. 

Curtis, *04. 
Kansas Citv, Mo., William P. Pinkerton, 'ul, 

Scarritt Bld^. 
Kalamazoo, Mich., Andrew Lenderink, 'o8e. 
. Kenosha, Wis., Claudius G. Pendill, '13, 405 

Prairie Ave. 
Lima, O. (Allen, Auglaize, Hardin, Putnam and 

Van Wert Counties). Ralph P. MacKenzie, 

'ill. Holmes Bide., Lima, O. 
Los Angeles, Calit., Raymond S. Taylor, '13I, 

820 Union Oil Bldg. 
Cy., A. St 
ville Trust Bldg. 

Louisville, Ky., A. Stanley Newhall, '13I, Louis- 

Ludington, Mich. (Mason (^.), T. M. Sawyer, '98, 

Manila, P. I. (Association of the Philippine 

Islands), George A. Malcolm, '04, '06I, care 
of Universitv of the Philippines. 
Manistee, Mich. (Manistee Co.), Mrs. Winnogene 

jainneapoiis /iiumnae Associauon, Mrs, 
ine Anna C^edney, '94d, 1808 W. ^i St. 

Minneapolis, (University of Michigan 
Club), Minnie Duensing, '04, 911 Sixt] 

R. Scott, '07. 
Manistique, Mich. (Schoolcraft Co.), HoUis H. 

Harshmanj 'o6-'o9. 
Marquette, Mich. 

Menominee, Mich., Katherine M. Stiles, 'o5-'o6. 
Milwaukee, Wis. (Wisconsin Association), Henry 

E. McDonnell, 'o4e, 619 Cudahy Apts. 
Minneapolis Alumnae Association, Mrs. Kather- 

■ " St, 

an Women's 
_ „ , Sixth Ave. S. 

Missouri Valley, Carl E. Paulson, e'o4-'o7, S39 
Brandeis Bldg., Omaha, Neb. 

Monroe, Mich. (Monroe Co.), Harry H. Howett, 
A.M. '09. 

Mt. Clemens, Mich., Henry O. (^hapoton, '94. 

Mt. Pleasant, Mich., M. Louise Converse, '86, Act- 
ing Secretanr. 

Muskegon, Mich. (Muskegon Co.), Lucy N. 

New England Association, Erwin R. Hurst, '13, 
e'o9-'io, 161 Devonshire St., Boston, Mass. 

Newport News, Va., Emerv (^x, 'lae, 215 30th St 

New York aty. Wade Greene, '05!, 149 Broad- 

New York Alumnae, Mrs. Rena Mosher Van 
Slyke. '07, 1018 E. 163d St. 

North Central Ohio, Leo C Kugel, e'o4-'o4, '08, 

North Dakota, William P. Burnett, '05I, Dickin- 
son, N. Dak. 

Northwest, John E. Junell, '07I, 925 Plymouth 
Bldg., Minneapolis. Minn. 

Oakland County, Allen McLaughlin, 'lod, Pon- 
tiac, Mich. 

Oklahoma, Lucius Babcock, '95-'97f 'ool. El Reno, 

Olympia, Wash., Thomas L. O'Leary, '08, 'loL 
Omaha, Neb. See Missouri Valley. 

Oshkosh, Wis. (Pox River Valley Association), 
Aleida J. Peters, '08. 

Owotso, Mich. (Shiawassee County), Leon P. 
Miner, '09. 

Pasadena AJumni Association, Alvick A. Pearson, 
'94, 203 Kendall Bldg. 

Pasadena Alumnae Association, Alice C Brown, 

'97m, 456 N. Lake St. 
Petoskey, Mich. (Emmet 0>.) Mrs. Minnie W. 

Philadelphia, Pa., WiUiam Ralph HaU, '05, 808 

Witherspoon Bldg. 
Philadelphia Alumnae, (^oline E. De Greene, 

'o^, 140 E. 16 St. 
Philippine Islands, (^eo. A. Malcolm, '04, '06I, 

Manila, P. I. 
Pittsburgh, Pa., (^rge W. Hanson, 'o9e, care of 

Legal Dept., Westinghouse Elec & Mfg. Co., 

East Pittsburgh. 
Port Huron, Mich. (St. Oair Co. Association), 

Benjamin R. Whipple, '02. 
Portland, Ore., Junius v. Ohmart, '07I, 701-3 

Broadway Bldg. 
Porto Rico, Pedro del Valle, '91m, San Juan, P. R. 
Providence. R. I. (Rhode Island Association), 

Harold R. Curtis, '12I. Turks Head Bldg. 
Rochester, N. Y., Ralph H. Culley, '10, 514 

WUder Bldg. 
Rocky Mountain Association, Howard W. Wilson, 

'13, Interstate Trust Co., Denver, Colo. 
Saginaw, Mich., Robert H. Cook, '98-'o2, '06I, 516 

Thompson Street. 

andall, 'op, 200 S. Walnut St., Bav City, 

Saginaw Valley Alumnae Association, Mrs. Floyd 
Rai • " • «,,,.«« r... 

San Diego. Calif., Edwin H. Crabtree, '12m, Mo- 

Salt Lake 

Boyd Park Bldg. 

" Bl 

_*y L 
Utah, William E. Rydalch, 'ool. 

rati a^iM^vff v.a 

Neece Bldg. 
San Francisco, Calif., Inman Sealby, '12I, 2475 

Pacific Ave. 
Schnectady, N. Y., J. Edward Keams, e'oo-'oi, 

126 Glen wood Blvd. 
Seattle. Wash., Frank S. Hall, 'o2-'o4. University 

of Washington Museum. 
St Ignace, Mich. (Mackinac Co.), Frank E. Dun- 

ster, 'o6d. 
Sioux City, la., Kenneth G. Silliman, '12I, 600 

Farmers Loan and Trust Bldg. 
St Johns, Mich. (Clinton Co.), Frank P. Buck, 'o6w 
St Louis, Mo., George D. Harris, '99I, 1626 Pierce 

St Louis. Mo. (Alumnae Association), Mra. 

Maude Staieer Steiner, '10, 5338 Bartmer Ave. 
St Paul and Minneapolis. See Northwest 
Sault Ste. Marie, Mich. ((3iippewa Co.), (ieorge 

A. Osborn, '08. 
South Bend, Ind., Miller Guy, '95I. 
South Dakou, Roy E. Willv, '12I, PUtte, S. Dak. 
Southern Kansas, George Gardner, '07I, 9^9 Bea- 
con Bldg., WichiU, Kan. 
Spokane, Wash., Ernest D. Weller, '08I, The 

Springfield, 111., Robert E. FiUgerald, r99''o3» 

Booth Bldg. 
Tacoma, Wash., Jesse L. Snapp, 407 California 

Terre Haute, Ind., George E. Osbum, '06I, 9 Nay- 

lor-Cox Bldg. 
Toledo, O., Robert G. Young, '08I, 839 Spitzer 

Tokyo, Japan, Taka Kawada, '94, care Japan Mail 

Steamship Co. 
Traverse City (Grand Traverse, Kalkaska, and 

Leelenau Counties), Dr. Sara T. (^ase, 'oom. 
University of Illinois. 

Upper Peninsula, (^orge P. Edmunds, '08I, Mania- 
tique, Mich. 
Van Buren County, Harold B. Lawrence, e'o8-'ii, 

Decatur, Mich. 
Vicksburg, Mich., Mary Dennis Follmer. '02. 
Washington, D. C, Minott E. Porter, '93e, 51 R 

street, N. E. 
Wichita. Kan., George (Gardner, '07I. First Natl 

Bk. Bldg. 
Winona, Minn., E. O. Holland, '92, 276 Center 

Youngstown, Ohio, Dndley R. Kennedy, '08I, 

Sumbaugh Bldg. 


Digitized by 



JAMES R. ANGELL, '90 (appointed at large). Secretary of the Committee University of Chicago 

EARL D. BABST, '93, '94! New York Oty 

LAWRENCE MAXWELL. '74. LL.D. '04 Cincinnati, Ohio 

WALTER S. RUSSEL, '75 Detroit. Mich. 

JAMES M. CROSBY, '9x0 Grand Rapidt, Mich. 

PROFESSOR G. CARL HUBER* '87m (appointed at large) .... Ann Arbor, Mich. 

DUANE E. POX, '81 Washington, D. C 


V. H. LANE* '74e, '78L President of the (General Alumni Association 
WILPRED B. SHAW« '04, Oneral Secretary of the Alumni Association 

Chairman of the Council 
Secretary of the Council 

Idaho BIdg., Boise, Id. 

^bum, '90* 
xsdale, '91, *92l, 

ew Philadelphia, 
Ascarawas, Ohio, 
Courtland Bldg., 

9n, 'lol, 937 S. 

tins, '03. 

ae Association) 

>7S9 Washington 

'9xe, 1607 Com. 
Senzie, '96, Hub- 
irman, '8j, Lewis 
AM. (hon.) '07, 

:e Maxwell, '74, 

Graw, '91, '92I, 

: Snell, '09, care 

Perry, '03!, 217 

Women), (Jene- 
r Marston Court, 
r. '63. '65I, 661 
issel, *75, Russel 
. Dewey, *02, 610 

tely, '92I, First 

76I. '77-'78, 60a 

>ffman, *03L 

I. Crosby, '9ie, 

eelanau Counties, 
verse City, Mich. 
Houghten, *o6m. 
Hunter. ro6-*io, 

Kalamazoo, Mich., T. Paul Hickey, Western State 

Normal School. 
Kansas City, Mo., Delbert J. Haff, '84, '861, 906 

Commerce Bldg. 
Lansing, Mich.. (Charles S. Robinson, '07, East 

Lansmg, Mien. 

Lima, Ohio, William B. Kirk, '07I, siV^ Public 

Square, care of Halfhill, Quail & Kirk. 
Los Angeles, Calif., Alfred T. Scott, '8am, 628 

Auditorium ; James W. McKinley, '79, 434 P. E. 

Manila, P. I., E. Pinley Johnson, '90I, LL.M. '91. 
Manistee, Mich. 
Milwaukee, Wis., Paul D. Durant, '95I, 90a Wells 


Missouri Vallev, Charles G. McDonald, 'ool, 615 
Brandeis Bldg., Omaha. 

Minneapolis, Minn., Winthrop B. Chamberlain, 
'84, The Minneapolis JournaJ. 

New York (U. of M. Women's Club of N. Y.) 
Mrs. Mildred Weed Goodrich, '96-'97, 161 Hen- 
ry St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

New York, N. Y., Dr. Royal S. Copeland, '89h, 
63rd St. and Ave. A.; SUnlev D. McGraw, '9a, 
III Broadway; Earl D. Babst, '93, '94I, 409 
W. isth St 

Phoenix, Arizona, Dr. James M. Swetnam, '70m, 
8 N. and Ave. 

Pittsburgh, Pa., James G. Hays, '86, '87I, 606 
Bakeweli Bldtf. 

Port Huron, Mich. (St Clair Co.), William L. 
Jenks. '78. 

Portland, Ore., James L. Conley, '06I, 439 (Cam- 
ber of Commerce. 

Porto Rico, Horace G. Prettyman, '8$, Ann 

Rochester, N. Y., John R. Williams, '03m, 388 
Monroe Ave. 

Rocky Mountain Association, Abram H. Pelker, 
'02, '04I, 318 LaCourt Hotel, Denver, Colo. 

Saginaw, Midi., Earl F. Wilson, '94, 603 Bear- 
inger Bldg. 

Saginaw Valley Alumnae Association, Mrs. Geo. 
L. Burrows, '89, 1013 N. Mich. Ave., Saginaw, 

Schenectady, N. Y., Francis J. Seabolt, '97e, 609 
Union Ave. 

Seattle, Wash., William T. Perkins, '84I, 203 
Pioneer Blk. ; James T. Lawler, '98I, 963 Em- 
pire Bldg. 

St. Louis. Mo., Horton C. Ryan, '93, Webster 
Groves Sta., St. Louis Mo. 

Southern Kansas, George Gardner, '07I, 929 
Beacon Bldg., Wichita, Kans. 

Washington, D. C, Duane E. Fox, '81, Washing- 
ton Loan & Trust Bldg. 

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Michigan Alumnus 

Vol. XXI. 


No. 199 



Last month we sug- 
gested that the in- 
crease in the income 
of the University 
through the re-equalization of proper- 
ty values in the State might have some 
cdHFect upon the professorial salary. 
The expected has come to pass. At the 
last meeting of the Regents the aggre- 
gate appropriation for professorial 
salaries in the University was in- 
creased by about $40,000.00. The im- 
mediate rehef came as it properly 
should, in the lower ranks, where the 
need of some increase commensurate 
with the increase in the cost of living 
has been particularly pressing. CH This 
change in the salary schedule affects 
a large proportion of the instructors 
and assistant professors in the Liter- 
ary Faculty and the academic 
Faculty in the Engineering De- 
partment, whose rate of payment 
has in every case been increased 
by at least $100. Formerly the in- 
structor started at a salary of $900, 
gradually increasing to $1,400. Under 
3ic revised schedule he starts at $1,000 
and is gradually promoted to $1,600. 
The same is true with certain modifi- 
cations in the other ranks. The revis- 
ed scale is as follows: Instructors, 
$i,ooo$i,6oo, formerly $900-$! 400; 
assistant professors, $i,7oo-$2,ooo, 
formerly $i,6oo-$i,8(X); junior profes- 
sors, $2,ioo-$2400, formerly $2,000- 
$2,200; professors, $2,500-$4,ooo, for- 
merly $2.5oo-$3,5oo. The changes in 
salaries affect more than 200 per- 

sons. CH While these changes arc by 
no means as large as they should be, 
they indicate a readiness on the part 
of the Univ^ersity to recognize the 
problem involved in the cost of living 
for instructor and professor. The 
schedule even now is not as high as 
in some of our neighboring univer- 
sities, but it is at any rate the first 
step toward a new order of things. 


In the editorial taken 
from The Detroit 
News published in 
The Ai^umnus last 
month, we had evidence of the quick 
appreciation of the plans for co-opera- 
tion between the University and Al- 
bion College, which may be expected. 
In fact, this came almost before the 
idea was perfected, for it was not un- 
til October 17 that the final details of 
the arrangement were approved by a 
joint committee of the two faculties. 
The recommendations made by this 
committee were approved by the Re- 
gents at their November meeting, and 
may now be considered definitely 
fixed, dt Though the scheme contem- 
plates co-operation only between Al- 
bion and the Engineering Department 
of the University, the possibilities 
which it introduces arc far-reaching. 
Now that the first step has been taken, 
it would hardly be surprising to find 
co-operation betwe«j oUier colleges in 
the State and other departments of the 
University. Not only does tiie pro- 

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posed action indicate a way to bring 
the University into a closer co-opera- 
tion with the smaller colleges of the 
State, an end in itself particularly de- 
sirable, but it also makes possible, for 
those who desire it, the advantages of 
the more intimate life of a small col- 
lege during the earlier years of the 
college course. 

Like many actions of 
DETAILS OF THE a revolutionary na- 
PROPOSED COURSE ture, the actual pro- 
visions for this com- 
bination between the University and 
Albion College are exceedingly simple. 
In general, it is supposed that the stu- 
dent will spend three years at Albion 
College and two years at the Univer- 
sity. At the end of his first year's 
work in the University, provided the 
report is satisfactory, he will receive 
his A.B. from Albion College, the lat- 
ter institution being willing to accept 
the work done in the University as be- 
ing equivalent to the fourth year. Up- 
on completing the requirements for 
graduation from the Engineering De- 
partment, the student receives from 
the University the degree of Bachelor 
of Science in Engineering. CH The 
work performed at Albion will be of 
such character and extent as to enable 
the student in the combined course to 
enter the third year of the regular en- 
gineering course at the University, 
though certain minor adjustments will 
have to be made involving the giving 
of courses, which would normally 
come in the third year in the Engi- 
neering Department, at Albion, in or- 
der that the student may not be hand- 
icapped by having to make up certain 
other courses which would normally 
come in the second year at Ann Ar- 
bor, for which facilities are not avail- 
able at Albion College. Though Al- 
bion requires the same number of 
units for entrance as the University, 
it does not insist upon physics or 
chemistry or three units of mathemat- 
ics. These have been added to the 

course at Albion, so that the student 
will have covered the work necessary 
to enable him to enter the third year 
when he makes the change. It is also 
to be noted that in the third year of 
the combined course, an average of 
seven hours is allowed for electives, 
with a view to fitting the student to 
enter some of the specialized branches 
of engineering at the University. Pro- 
vision is also made for a certain 
number of cultural courses. 


It is an unfortunate 
fact that the score 
counts more in any 
game than the way it 
is played. So Michigan's team this 
year must be considered only partly 
successful, for it cannot be denied 
that the record is a checkered one. 
But the schedule — a long and hard 
one, with five games of major impor- 
tance, or counting Vanderbilt, six, in 
as many weeks, must be considered a 
more than sufficient excuse, particu- 
larly for a green team. CH Starting 
early with a close call at Lansing, 
when one field goal was the margin of 
victory over the Agricultural College, 
and a defeat the following week at 
Syracuse, the ability of the team to 
hold Harvard to one score came as a 
great surprise. Nor was the good 
feeling engendered between the repre- 
sentatives of East and West the least 
satisfactory part of this game. The 
Pennsylvania game on the following 
Saturday gave even more ground for 
satisfaction. It was a decisive vic- 
tory and by a greater score than in any 
previous game with Pennsylvania, un- 
less it was the 1908 game, when Penn- 
sylvania won 29 to o. Then came the 
unfortunate conclusion of the season. 
Cornell was admittedly a strong 
team, but Michigan thought she had 
some reason to believe that she was at 
least Cornell's equal. The event 
proved the contrary, though the team 
when it met Cornell was by no means 
as strong as it was when it played 

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Harvard and Pennsylvania. (S. Not a 
little of this lack of success, as has 
been suggested, can be ascribed to the 
schedule. Even though, theoretically, 
it matters little whether the game is 
lost or won, it surely does matter 
whether the physically impossible is 
asked of competitors in college sport. 
Is it not too much to ask a team to 
make a showing, in the face of such a 
schedule as Michigan had for the sea- 
son just ended, creditable to an insti- 
tution of her athletic standing? A 
game is a game, played on Ferry Field, 
or on Soldier's Field, and Harvard is 
as worthy an opponent on one place 
as the other, but we wonder whether 
there is not a little sacrifice of dignity, 
if there be such a thing as college dig- 
nity, in submitting to conditions which 
our opponents are not willing' in their 
turn to see imposed upon themselves. 
We would, however, rejoice with ev- 
eryone to see reciprocal relations es- 
tablished with Harvard, which did not 
ask superhuman efforts from the team. 

Dr. Talcott Williams, 
^/JANflLUON Dean of the School 
GRADUATES ^^ Journalism of Co- 
lumbia University, in 
an address given before the Maryland 
alumni of Columbia last April, stated 
that ten years ago, according to care- 
ful estimates made by Professor Wil- 
cox, of Cornell, there, were two hun- 
dred thousand college graduates in the 
United States. These came from a 
body of twenty million adult men in 
this country, a percentage of one in 
one hundred. To these two hundred 
thousand might be added the grad- 
uates of professional schools, making 
a total of not over two hundred and 
thirty to two hundred and forty thou- 
sand. CC This number has, of course, 
increased within the last ten years, so 
that it would not be an unreasonable 
estimate to suppose that there are at 
least four hundred thousand college 
graduates in this country at present. 
Possibly with the graduates of profes- 

sional schools and women graduates 
the number would be nearer five hun- 
dred thousand. There is no doubt but 
that in this body we have the greatest 
guiding and directing force in the de- 
velopment of our national life and civ- 
ilization. Dr. Williams points out that 
though the college man forms no 
more than one hundredth of the total 
men in the country, he forms over fif- 
ty percent of those named in "Who'« 
Who," the best single measure we 
have of effective <:itizenship. 

This body of college 
CO-OPERATION graduates is becom- 
FORCOUXGEMENing conscious of the 

force that lies within 
it, as the growth of alumni organiza- 
tion in the past twenty-five years 
plainly shows, even if its expression 
has been heretofore confined largely 
to the relationship between the alum- 
nus and his own institution. The tre- 
mendous value of this organized and 
intelligent support on the part of the 
graduates of American colleges and 
universities is now so generally recog- 
nized that we are in the way to forget 
how recent this development is. CH The 
appreciation of a possible mission of 
organized alumni in the larger nation- 
al life has been more inarticulate. That 
this day is passing, and that, in addi- 
tion to recognizing the duty to their 
own institution, American college 
alumni are coming to recognize a high- 
er responsibility may be seen from the 
article on "Social Work Among Col- 
lege Alumni'' on page 146. Co-opera- 
tion has not proceeded far as yet, but 
several organizations in New York 
and elsewhere are aiming to bring the 
graduates of all colleges into work for 
civic and social improvement The 
movement has served in the cities 
where it has been established to carry 
alumni organization beyond the prob- 
lems of the separate institutions (im- 
portant they surely are), into the 
broader field of public life. The firing 
line is truly of impressive proportions; 

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we cannot see all that will develop 
from this movement, but as one repre- 
sentative at Columbia said, "We are 
on our way." 




The recent meeting 
of Alumni Secreta- 
ries at Columbia Uni- 
versity was an evi- 
dence of the serious consideration that 
American universities are devoting to 
alumni problems. This was shown, 
not only by the fact that sixty-two 
universities were represented and that 
delegates came from the far West, the 
extreme South and the Northwest, as 
well as from the Mid West and East- 
em States, but by the spirit in which 
the men from the various universities 
approached their work. We are com- 
ing to recognize more than ever be- 
fore that the function of the univer- 
sity does not cease with the gradua- 
tion of the student. The potential 
power of the hundreds of thousands 
of graduates of the different universi- 
ties, as far as they concern their own 
institution, is well recognized, even 
though development of a sympathetic 
and stimulating relationship between 
the university and the alumnus has 
not proceeded far in some universi- 
ties. Even universities which have 
most effective and strongly organized 
bodies feel that there is more to do 
than they have done so far, while the 
co-operation of the alumni of various 
universities in dealing with certain 
problems of national life which might 
quite possibly be effectively handled 
by such a body has received very little 
consideration, either by universities or 
by alumni bodies. (S. At the meeting 
in New York, the problems of im- 
mediate interest naturally received the 
greater share of consideration, as will 
be seen from the program on page 126. 
We have always with us the problems 
of effective organization, the raising of 
funds, the publication of alumni re- 
cords and the alumni magazine. But 
in each university they are conditioned 

by the particular form of its organiza- 
tion. In the statements of the indivi- 
dual problems and the means that 
were taken to meet them, and the give 
and take of the general discussions 
by the representatives of the various 
universities, were found valuable sug- 
gestions and decided inspiration. The 
spirit of the whole meeting was an 
uplifting and altruistic recognition of 
the relationship of alumni organiza- 
tion toward the bettering not only of 
college and university Hfe, but also the 
national civiHzation. 

Like the often quoted 
TYPES OF ALUMNI problem of the egg or 
ORGANIZATION the chick, the ques- 
tion was raised at the 
recent meeting of Alumni Secretaries 
by Dean Keppel, of Columbia, as to 
whether the alumni secretary was the 
result of the association, or the asso- 
ciation the result of the secretary. 
Subsequent discussion revealed the 
truth of both hypotheses in different 
colleges. In most universities, the 
alumni organization is an evolution re- 
sulting from certain practical condi- 
tions which have defined the precise 
form the alumni activities come to as- 
sume. The general alumni association, 
in many colleges, is a direct child of 
the local organization, while in others 
it rests rather upon the organization of 
classes. This is particularly true at 
Yale, while Harvard's organization 
rests upon the local alumni club. 
Cn; Michigan's type of organization 
differs from both in having no vital 
connection with the local association 
or with the class organization. By 
that we mean that the election of offi- 
cers and the control of the fundamen- 
tal policies of the Association rest in 
no way upon the local associations or 
upK)n class organizations, but upon a 
general meeting of all alumni who 
meet once a year at Commencement, 
primarily to elect officers, and to pass, 
in rather a perfunctory way, truth to 

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tell, upon whatever business may be 
presented at that time. The Associa- 
tion quite probably would gain in ef- 
fectiveness if some closer connection 
might be maintained between the Gen- 
eral Association and both types of sub- 
sidiary organization. There are cer- 
tain advantages in our tenuous and 
loose form of association, particularly 
in the freedom it leaves the executive 
officer, but insofar as it gives the indi- 
vidual alumnus no feeling of responsi- 
bility towards the organization, it ex- 
hibits an unfortunate weakness. 

For some time the 
LOCAL ALUMNI officers of the Gener- 
ORGANiZATiONS al Association have 
been trying with 
some degree of success to remedy this 
condition by stimulating the organiza- 
tion of local associations and classes. 
Reference to the list of local associa- 
tions in the front pages of The 
Alumnus will show that we bave one 
hundred and thirty-one local associa- 
tions, most of them fairly active, many 
of them decidedly so. Likewise, we 
have recorded the addresses of one 
hundred and twenty-five class secre- 
taries, most of whom are interested in 
their work, and are glad to avail them- 
selves of all suggestions and help 
which the General Association is able 
to furnish. CH To bring the local asso- 
ciation into closer touch with the Gen- 
eral Association and the University, 
an Advisory Council has been estab- 
lished, in which local associations with 
over fifty members are entitled to rep- 
resentation. This council meets once 
or twice a year to consider questions 
which pertain to the University as 
they affect, or are affected by, the 
alumni. Included in the scheme of 
organizaticm is an executive commit- 
tee which shall have a more intimate 
relationship between alumni and Uni- 
versity, and act in a specific advisory 
capacity. That not a great deal has 
been accomplished to date by this or- 

ganization does not necessarily imply 
that much could not be done, if the 
machinery we have were properly un- 
der way. 


:ult problem. 

How to organize the 
local alumni associa- 
tion into an effective 
UiUt is usually a diffi- 
It is not a question of 
getting the "old guard" who are al- 
ways present, and always enthusiastic, 
out for the meeting, but ot reaching 
all the alumni, and making them in- 
terested and enthusiastic as well. The 
Chicago Association has evolved a 
scheme which is proving successful, 
and might be even more feasible for 
some of the smaller associations where 
the percentage of personal, acquaint- 
ance among the members is probably 
higher. Ct This plan involves the or- 
ganization of an executive council 
which meets for the consideration and 
promotion of definite work undertak- 
en by the Association. This council 
consists of over 130 members, arawn 
from all the classes represented in 
Chicago. The larger classes, partic- 
ularly of the later years, have several 
representatives on the council. The 
general organization is in touch with 
these class representatives, and if it 
is desired to hold a meeting or bring 
the alumni together for any purpose, 
the word is passed on to certain com- 
mittee chairmen, who communicate in 
turn with the class representatives. 
Each of these call up on the telephone 
a list of their own classmates. In this 
way, within a few hours, or a day at 
most, practically all of the alumni in 
Chicago can be informed of any plan 
which is on foot, and an immediate 
response can be obtained, d. The Cor- 
nell Alumni Association in Chicago 
has a similar arrangement, which one 
Cornell alumnus interprets in electri- 
cal terms. The total alumni list in Chi- 
cago is divided up into fifty squads of 
from eight to sixteen men, who are 

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presided over by a "live wire." Five 
"live wires" are presided over in turn 
by one man, the "trunk line." The ten 
"trunk lines" are divided into two 
squads of five each who report to the 
"transformers," who in turn are re- 
sponsible to the "big dynamo," the 
chairman of the ways and means com- 
mittee. When the secretary desires to 
get a crowd out to a banquet, he starts 
the dynamo up, gives the desired in- 
formation to the transformer, who 
discharges the news to the trunk lines, 
who in turn transmit their energy to 
the "live wires," and the revivifying 
influence of their sparking produces 
enough energy in the corpses and in- 
valids to make the banquet a resurrec- 
tion. It is only necessary to add that 
it is the treasurer who oils the dyna- 
mo. The electrical terminology may 
be criticised by engineers, but the idea 
is sufficiently plain. 

To the Advisory 
OF cSS^™'^ Council another gen- 
SECRETARIES ^^^^ organization has 

been added in the 
form of the Association of Class Sec- 
retaries, which was organized Novem- 
ber 7, as reported on page 129. While 
the function of the Advisory Council 
is to bring the alumni into closer 
touch with the University, and to 
make the mature ability and experi- 
ence of the alumni of service to the 
University, the function of the Class 
Secretaries Association is r a t h e r to 
help the class secretaries in their work 
of gathering records, of keeping track 
of their classmates, and of stimulating 
their interest in the University 
through class publications and reun- 
ions. CH The relation of this body to 
the General Association is not neces- 
sarily intimate. The only actual link 
is the General Secretary, who is a 
member ex officio of the executive 
committee, according to the new con- 
stitution. In practice, however, the 
organization is bound to co-operate ra- 
ther intimately with the General Asso- 

ciation, which for years has under- 
taken the work of the organization and 
stimulation of reunions, and to a cer- 
tain extent the gathering of records. 
This side of the activities of the Gen- 
eral Association will not be lessened 
by the new organization. Rather, it is 
to be hoped it will be increased, 
through the growth of interest and ef- 
ficiency on the part of the class secre- 
tary, who will profit by the experience 
and enthusiasm of others engaged in 
like work. 

The first task before 
SOME TASKS this new Association 
BEFORE rr is the publication of a 
handbook, and the 
preparation of some standard method 
for the gathering and filing of class 
records. Such a handbook as is con- 
templated should contain a general 
discussion of the work of the class 
secretary, notes on the best method of 
procuring and classifying individual 
records, what should and what should 
not be included, general hints on the 
publication of class books and the fi- 
nancing of class organizations, and 
other matters of interest to the class 
secretary. CC In addition, samples of 
various forms which are to be pre- 
pared for the class secretaries will be 
included, and a scale of prices will be 
established, so that the class secreta- 
ries may obtain them at the lowest 
possible cost. Such a work involves 
necessarily a certain financial problem 
which was not met at the recent meet- 
ing when the Association was organ- 
ized. The article providing for a mem- 
bership fee was stricken out, and the 
question of financing the whole mat- 
ter was left to the executive commit- 
tee. This problem promises to be a 
pertinent one as soon as definite activ- 
ities are undertaken by the Associa- 
tion. Voluntary contributions by the 
secretaries interested in the work may 
furnish sufficient help until the Asso- 
ciation is under way, and some definite 
method of maintenance is evolved. 

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"Pomander Walk," by L. N. Par- 
ker, has been chosen as the annual 
play of the Comedy Club, to be pre- 
sented some time after the opening of 
the second semester. 

Theodore W. Koch, Librarian of 
the University, delivered an illustrated 
lecture on "Book Plates" at the De- 
troit Museum of Art on November 
15. It was given as one of the Uni- 
versity Extension lectures. 

The third annual chrysanthemum 
exhibit was opened in Alumni Me- 
morial Hall on Saturday, October 31, 
and continued until the end of No- 
vember. About three thousand plants 
were sho\yn, including the green ones 
which created so much interest last 
. year. 

Professor Henry C. Adams, and his 
family, who have been in China for 
the past year, returned to Ann Arbor 
on November 7. Professor Adams 
was called to China by the government 
to devise an accounting system for the 
railroads which they had taken over. 
He will resume his courses in political 
economy next semester. 

In return for the facsimiles of the 
Freer Manuscripts, the American Bi- 
ble Society has presented to the Uni- 
versity Library nearly one hundred 
editions of the Bible. They are print- 
ed in a number of languages, includ- 
ing the languages of Europe and Asia, 
and the dialects of the North Ameri- 
can Indians and of African tribes. 

Professor John R. Brumm, of the 
Rhetoric Department, was appointed 
as the delegatt of the School Masters' 
Club and of the State Teachers Asso- 
ciation at the meeting of the National 
Council of Teachers of English, held 
in Chicago, November 26-28. Profes- 
sor F. N. Scott, head of the Rhetoric 
Department, was also present, and de- 
livered an address. 

Mr. H. M. Leland, of Detroit, con- 
sulting general manager of the Cadil- 
lac Motor Car Co., spoke before the 
Sunday afternoon meeting of the 
Michigan Union on November 29, tak- 
ing as his subject, "Character in Busi- 

At the November meeting of the 
Regents, J. C. Christensen, at present 
Assistant Secretary of the University, 
was appointed Purchasing Agent of 
the University, succeeding Charles L. 
Loos, whose resignation takes effect 
January i, 1915. 

Shipments of glassware from Ger- 
many, billed to the University of 
Michigan, have recently been received 
in New York. These shipments are 
part of a lai^e order of chemical sup- 
plies, the greater part of which were 
sent before the war. The material in 
the shipment is intended for the 
Chemical Department, where there is 
an almost immediate need for it. 

Paintings by Mr. F. Usher De Vol! 
and Mr. H. E. Barnes were on exhibi- 
tion in the large gallery of Memorial 
Hall from November i to November 
15, under the auspices of the Ann Ar- 
bor Art Association. Mr. De VoU's 
paintings were of scenes in the east- 
em states, while the work of Mr. 
Barnes, who is an Ann Arbor man, 
consisted chiefly of Huron River 

A petition asking for the establish- 
ment of military training and service 
in the University was presented to the 
Regents at their meeting on November 
24. Although the petition was only 
circulated for two or three days, about 
fifty names were signed, including 
those of Dean Bates, of the Law De- 
partment, Dean Cooley, of the Engi- 
neering Department, Dean Vaughan, 
of the Medical Department, Professor 
Evans Holbrook, of the Law Depart- 
ment, Coaches Fielding H. Yost, 
Adolph Schulz and W. C. Cole. 

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Under the auspices of the Architec- 
tural Society, an exhibition of forty- 
two pictures in water color, mainly of 
scenes in Italy and France, by Profes- 
sor Edmund S. Campbell, of the Art 
Institute, Chicago, was shown in 
Alumni Memorial Hall in November. 

Professor Edward D. Jones, of the 
Economics Department, delivered a 
lecture on November 6 before the Ad- 
craft Club, of Detroit, a society which 
is affiliated with the Detroit Board of 
Commerce. Professor Jones took as 
his subject "The American Distribu- 
tive System: A Review and Criti- 
cism." His address was the first in a 
series of twenty lectures dealing with 
political economy, sociology, aesthet- 
ics, psychology arid rhetoric. 

More than two-thirds of the one 
hundred and sixty foreign students 
enrolled in the University hold mem- 
bership in at least one of the half doz- 
en foreign student organizations on 
the Campus. The largest of these is 
the Cosmopolitan Club, with a mem- 
bership of one hundred and twenty- 
five, followed by the Chinese Students' 
Club, with sixty members, the Latin- 
American Club, the Canadian Club, 
the Dutch Club and Phi Chi Delta, the 
national Latin-American fraternity. 

The November number of The 
Michigan Law Review made its ap- 
pearance on November 21. It contains 
articles by Hon. Simeon E. Baldwin, 
Governor of Connecticut, who writes 
on "The Protection of Aliens by the 
United States;" Hon. Walter Clark, 
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of 
North Carolina, whose subject was 
"Some Myths of the Law," and by 
Judge Charles B. Collingwood, of the 
Circuit Court at Lansing, on "The 
New Probation Laws of Michigan," 
Clarence E. Eldredge, '09, '11/, of Chi- 
cago, contributes "A New Interpreta- 
tion of the Sherman Law," quoting the 
recently decided case of the Interna- 
tional Harvester Company. 

Professor I. Leo Sharfman and 
Professor David Friday, of the Eco- 
nomics Department, attended a con- 
ference on American Railway Prob- 
lems held by the Western Economic 
Society in Chicago on November 12- 
14. Professor Friday led the discus- 
sion of a paper given by Professor 
Thomas Adams on "Valuation of Pub- 
lic Service Corporations for Purposes 
of Taxation." 

Women students in the educational 
department have recently organized a 
new woman's club, to be known as the 
Girls' Educational Club. Officers for 
the year have been elected as follows : 
President, Josephine Sherzer, '15, Yp- 
silanti ; vice-president, Mrs. Delia Mc- 
Curdy Thompson, '15, Detroit; secre- 
tary-treasurer, Mary M. Purdy, '15, 
Pittsburgh, Pa. Meetings of the club 
will be held every other Tuesday ev- 
ening. All women of the University 
are invited to attend, as admission is 
not restricted to the educational de- 

As the first of a series of monthly 
performances which the Comedy Club 
plans to give during the year, the one- 
act playlet, "The Bracelet," was pre- 
sented on November 20, in Sarah Cas- 
well Angell Hall. The cast was as fol- 
Judge Banket — Harold H. Springstun, '17, 

Pana, 111. 
Harvey Westren — Morrison C. Wood, '17, 

Chicago, 111. 
Martin— Frederick W. Sullivan, '18, Battle 

William— Clarence A.Lokker, '17/, Holland. 
Mrs. Westren — Ruberta Wood worth, '17, 

Mrs. Banket— Elsa W. Apfel. '16, Ann 

Miss Farren— Rowena B. Bastin, '18, High- 
land Park, 111. 
Smithers— Doris Stamats, '17, Toledo, O. 

The play was preceded by a presenta- 
tion of TchekoflF's "The Swan Song" 
by Leon M. Cunningham, '16, Bay 
City, and Norman W. Wassmann, '18, 
Bellaire, O., which was accompanied 
by Harold B. Forsythe, *i7e, Saginaw, 
on the violin. 

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Mr. Lawrence Binyon, of London, 
assistant keeper of the prints in the 
British Museum, and a writer and art 
critic of note delivered a lecture on 
"The Art of Asia" in Alumni Me- 
morial Hall on November 23. Dr. 
John C. Ferguson, of Pekin, spoke on 
"A Survey of Chinese Art," on De- 
cember I, and on "Chinese Painting" 
on December 3, in the same place. All 
the lectures were under University 

Work on the production of the 191 5 
Michigan Union Opera has already 
been begun. According to present 
plans, the play will be shown in De- 
troit, Grand Rapids, Chicago, Milwau- 
kee, South Bend and Toledo during 
the week of spring vacation, April 9 
to 19, with a second performance in 
Detroit at the conclusion of the trip. 
Sylvan S. Grosner, '12, '14/, of De- 
troit, IS the author of this year's pro- 
duction, and Kenneth S. Baxter, *!$€, 
of Detroit, is general manager. Ac- 
cording to precedent, the name of the 
play will not be made public until 
shortly before the first performance. 

In February the Highway Engi- 
neering section of the Civil Engineer- 
ing Department of the University 
plans to conduct a one week's course 
for the benefit of the county, town- 
ship, and state highway engineers and 
for highway officials of the State. It 
will consist of lectures and demonstra- 
tions, given by members of the Fac- 
ulty of the Department, with a num- 
ber of outside speakers, including F. 
F. Rogers, of the Michigan State 

Highway Commission; Professor T. 
H. McDonald, head of the highway 
work in Iowa, and head of the Engi- 
neering Department at Ames College ; 
Prevost Hubbard, head of the Board 
of Industrial Research at Washington, 
D. C. ; W. W. Crosby, consulting en- 
gineer at Baltimore, Md. ; Dean C. H. 
Strachan, of Athens, Ga. ; and Profes- 
sor Ira O. Baker, head of the Depart- 
ment of Civil Engineering at the Uni- 
versity of Illinois. The course will 
take up the problem of Michigan road- 
building, and consider the question of 
economic road construction under the 
various conditions existing in the 
State. It will be somewhat similar to 
courses given at the Universities of 
Illinois, Iowa and Wisconsin, and at 
the Case School of Applied Science, 
at Cleveland. 

The 1914-15 Athletic Annual made 
its appearance in November, with H. 
Beach Carpenter, '14, '17/, of Rock- 
ford, 111., as editor, and E. Rodgers 
Sylvester, '17, of Port Huron, as 
manager. The table of contents in- 
cludes the personnel of the athletic au- 
thorities, a history of athletics at 
Michigan, Yost's All-Time Michigan 
Elevens, a brief biography of Coach 
Yost, athletic scores from the intro- 
duction of the diflferent sports, com- 
parative records of Michigan and her 
opponents, the organization of the 
Athletic Association, various athletic 
regulations and a report of intramural 
activities. A new feature is an alpha- 
betical list of the 'Wearers of the 
**M," ' giving the sport, in which it 
was won, and the year, with the pres- 
ent address. 

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Columbia and Yale Universities furnished a most hospitable and inspir- 
ing setting for the third annual meeting of the Association of Alumni Secre- 
taries, held in New York on November 19 and 20, and in New Haven on 
the following day. The business sessions of the Association, five in num- 
ber, were held in the new building of the School of Journalism at Columbia, 
while the most important session of the third day, at New Haven, was held 
at the Yale Bowl, where the members of the Association formed a small 
part of the seventy thousand who witnessed Harvard^s spectacular victory. 

The register of the meeting showed sixty-seven delegates present, repre- 
senting sixty-two different institutions, a significant increase over the attend- 
ance of the two previous meetings at Columbus and Chicago. There were 
executive alumni officers present from as far west as Stanford University. 
The South was represented by men from Texas, Louisiana and Virginia; 
North Dakota and Minnesota in the Northwest sent delegates; while most 
of the mid-western and eastern states were represented, giving an impres- 
sive national aspect to the meeting. 

Both Columbia and Yale proved cordial hosts. A large proportion 
of the members of the Associaton were housed in the Columbia dormi- 
tories as guests of the University during the period of the sessions, and the 
members of the Association were given privileges of the Faculty Club for 
breakfast and luncheon on the days when the Association was not formally 
entertained. On the opening day of the session a luncheon was given the 
Association by Columbia University at Claremont on the Hudson, at w*hich 
Dean Keppel, of Columbia College, presided. On the evening of the fol- 
lowing day a dinner was also tendered the Association by the Columbia Uni- 
versity Club in the clubhouse in Gramercy Square, at which Dean Van Am- 
ringe, Columbia, '60, President of the Columbia Federated Clubs, presided. 
Dean "Van Am*' is as loved and venerated by Columbia alumni as our own 
President Emeritus is by Michigan alumni. 

But small opportunity was given on the following day to see Yale Uni- 
versity, though an instructive few minutes were spent by the Association in 
walking about the Campus and in the offices where the Yale alumni records 
are preserved. At a luncheon given by the University in Memorial Hall, the 
Association was addressed by the Secretary of Yale University, Rev. Anson 
Phelps Stokes, who emphasized the opportunity for service to the university 
which alumni organization brings. Particularly helpful, he thought, might 
be the interchange of ideas among the different universities. He cited the 
remarkable growth of the Yale Alumni Fund, which now amounts to $1,300,- 
000, as an example of most useful work for their Alma Mater on the 
part of the alumni. But more than this, he stated as an example of the 
inspiration of concerted alumni eflFort that since the idea had been developed 
a few years ago, at Yale, it had spread to many other American universities, 
which were now developing alumni funds along the lines first hit upon by a 
small band of Yale alumni. 

"What Alumni Associations Are Doing, and Might be Doing" formed 
the general topic for the opening sessions of the Conference. Following an 
introductory speech by the President of the Association, Mr. E. B. Johnson, 

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of Minnesota, and a discussion of "The Ideal Association" by the Secretary, 
the representative of the University of Michigan, Dean C. Mathews, of 
Western Reserve University, took up the question of developing and voic- 
ing alumni sentiment so that it shall really represent the highest ideals of 
the alumni for the institution. Aspects of th^ question were discussed by 
the representatives of Northwestern, the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology and Wisconsin. At the afternoon session the problem of the class 
secretary was opened by Edwin Rogers Embree, Alumni Registrar of Yale 
University, who outlined at some length the plan which has been followed 
at Yale for the past hundred years with remarkable and inspiring results. 
Warren F. Sheldon, of Wesleyan, also discussed the possibilities of the 
system, and how to finance the work. Mr. Win-field Willard Rowlee, of 
Cornell, in discussing local alumni associations, outlined an interesting 
scheme of organization followed by the Cornell Association of Chicago. 
Lewis D. Crenshaw, of Virginia, also told of a most successful and compre- 
hensive campaign to bring about class reunions at a university where, before 
he took the matter up, organization by classes was unknown.. 

The evening sessions of the first day were divided among the state uni- 
versities, the larger endowed institutions, and the smaller endowed institu- 
tions, under the chairmanship of representatives from Louisiana, Pennsyl- 
vania and Worcester Pol3rtechnic Institute. 

The following day the subjects of "the alumni secretary" and "the 
alumni publication" formed the principal topics under discussion. Particu- 
larly interesting was a symposium, by John A. Lomax, of Texas, on "The 
Relation of the Alumni to the Secretary and to the Institution," founded 
upon a series of letters written to representative institutions all over the 
United States. Edwin Oviatt, Editor of The Yale Alumni Weekly, dis- 
cussed the ideals that should govern the editor, a question of absorbing in- 
terest to many of those present. The question of interesting the alumni, 
older and younger, was presented by Joseph S. Myers, of Ohio State Uni- 

The afternoon of the second day was devoted to the election of officers 
for the coming year, and a general discussion of questions raised by various 
members of the Association. The following officers were elected: Presi- 
dent, Edwin R. Embree, Alumni R^strar of Yale University; First Vice- 
President, Dean C. Mathews, of Western Reserve University ; Second Vice- 
President, John A. Lomax, of Texas ; Secretary, Wilfred B. Shaw, Univer- 
sity of Michigan; Treasurer, A. T. Prescott, University of Louisiana; Mem- 
bers of the Executive Committee: J. E. McDowell, Stanford University; 
Karl Leebrick, University of California; Charles Cason, Vanderbilt Uni- 
versity. The Association also established a Bureau of Information for 
Alumni Officers. The chairman of this bureau, Levering Tyson, Columbia, 
will make it a part of his duties to collect detailed information from all the 
universities which are members of the Association in triplicate for the use 
of anyone who desires to find what other universities are doing in certain 
fields of alumni activity. A preparation of exhibits will also be undertaken, 
to be shown at the next meeting of the Association, which is to be held next 
November at Stanford University. 

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At a meeting of about twenty-five class secretaries, held at the Michigan 
Union, immediately following the Pennsylvania game, November 7, 1914, 
a constitution and definite plan of organization of an Association of Class 
Secretaries was adopted. The General Secretary of the Alimini Association, 
to whom had been delegated the duty of calling the meeting together, acted 
as chairnmn, with Professor Gordon Stoner, '04, '06/, as secretary. 

Following a short statement of the purpose of the meeting, in which 
the action of the previous session, held last Commencement, was reviewed 
by the chairman, the constitution drawn up by the committee on constitution 
previously authorized, composed of Professor Gordon Stoner, '04, *o6l. Dr. 
Charles W. Hitchcock, '80, of Detroit, Dr. G. Carl Huber, '87W, Thurlow 
E Coon, '03, '06^, of Detroit, and James H. Westcott, '94/, of New York, 
was presented. A copy of this constitution had been previously sent 
to all the class secretaries, and many letters had been received r^^arding 
it. Following the suggestion in tiie letter of Mr. Louis H. Jennings, '72, of 
Chicago, it was moved by Dr. Huber that the words, "the General Secretary 
of the Alimini Association shall act as chairman of this committee," be 
stricken from Article IV of the proposed constitution. This was carried, 
and the constitution was then adopted as amended. 

Meanwhile, the chairman of the meeting had appointed Miss Annie W. 
Langley, '01, Dr. Hitchcock and Professor J. H. Drake, '85, '02I, as a nom- 
inating committee. 

A certain amount of discussion of the proposed constitution followed, 
and it was finally moved and adopted that the adoption of the constitution 
be reconsidered. The section in the original draft of the constitution, pro- 
viding that the annual dues of the members of the Association should be 
two dollars, roused a considerable discussion. It was felt by some of the 
secretaries that this might not only prove something of a burden for class 
secretaries whose classes are at present very loosely organized, but, until 
the aim and scope of the organization were better defined, might impair, 
rather than increase, the general eflFectiveness of the proposed association. 
It was finally decided upon motion that the adoption of the constitution be 
reconsidered, which resulted in the final adoption of the constitution, with 
Article VII, providing for dues, stricken out. The constitution as finally 
amended is as follows: 

Article I. — Name. 

The name of this organization shall be "The Association of Class Secretaries, of 
the University of Michigan." 

Article II.— Object. 

The object of this Association shall be to further the interests of the University; 
to encourage and aid the collection and compilation of complete and uniform statistics 
for each class and the publication of the same in a uniform manner ; to enliven interest 
in and increase the attendance at the regular class reunions; and by proper organiza- 
tion and co-operation to stimulate and standardize the work of the class secretaries and 
to develop greater unity of action and feeling in the various classes, Alumni Associa- 
tion and alumni body as a whole. 

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Articlb III. — Officers. 

The officers of this Association shall be : 

( I ) A president, whose duties shall be those of presiding officer. 
(2> A vice-president, who, in the absence of the president, shall act as presiding 

(3) A treasurer, who shall collect the annual dues and keep the accounts of this 

(4) A secretary, who shall perform the usual duties of that office. 

(5) An executive committee, consisting of five members. 

Article IV,— Executive Committee. 

The executive committee shall consist of the president and the secretary of this 
Association and the general secretary of the Alumni Association, who shall be a 
member of this Association, ex oMcio, and two other members. The executive com- 
mittee shall be trusted with the general management of this Association. It shall have 
the power to appoint special committees from time to time, and act upon the reports 
submitted by such committees, and it shall be its duty to receive suggestions from 
members and take action upon them. It shall, if possible, take annual action looking 
toward the appointing of efficient class secretaries by the graduating classes of the 
University of Michigan, 

Article V.— Meetings and Elections. 

The annual meeting at which the officers of this Association shall be elected shall 
be 'held in Ann Arbor in June. Other meetings shall be held at the call of the executive 

Article VI. — Membership. 

Tfce active membership of this Association shall consist of the class secretaries of 
the various classes of the University of Michigan. 

Graduates of the University may be elected to honorary membership in this 
Association at any regular meeting. 

Article VII. — Amendments. 

This constitution may be amended by a two-thirds vote of those present at any 
regularly called meeting of this Association, provided that at least ten (10) days' notice 
of sudh meeting be given. 

The committee on nominations reported as follows : 

For President, Hon. George S. Hosmer, '75, Detroit; for Vice-President, E>r. 
Adelle P. Pierce, '90m, Kalamazoo; for Secretary and Treasurer, Professor Gordon 
Stoner, '04, '06/, Ann Arbor; for Members of the Executive Committee. Mr. Wilfred 
B. Shaw, '04, Ann Arbor (ex-oMcio), Mrs. F. N. Scott, '84, Ann Arbor, and Mr. Louis 
H. Jennings, '72, Chicago. 

Upon motion of Professor Ralph W. Aigler, '07/, the report of the 
nominating committee was adopted, and the above officers were duly elected. 

The question of immediate general interest was that of uniform blanks 
for class statistics, and the publication of a handbook for class secretaries, 
similar to those already published by Yale and Cornell Universities. It was 
felt that some uniformity in the matter of keeping records was very desirable, 
as was also some central office where these might be filed. It was finally 
moved by Professor Bradshaw that this matter of uniform statistical blanks, 
as well as the publicaton of a handbook, be referred to the executive com- 
mittee, with power. This was duly carried. The meeting thereupon ad- 
journed, to meet again next Commencement. 

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For a period of one hundred and twenty-three years, from 1792 to 
191 5, practically every class at Yale University has been organized with a 
secretary as executive officer and editor of not one, but a series of class 
records. The loyalty of Yale alumni to their Alma Mater has been proverb- 
ial, and with such a record of organized effort it is not difficult to see the 
reason for it. There has been a certain amount of organization by classes 
in most American universities; records have been kept by divers enthu- 
siastic class secretaries, but never has the system been carried out so sys- 
tematically and so enthusiastically as at Yale, and nowhere have results been 
so remarkable. 

At Yale the class secretary is elected during his senior year, and is 
re-elected or succeeded in election from time to time during the life of the 
members of the class. He is the only general officer, and to him are dele- 
gated the duties of keeping annotated address lists, occupation lists and mar- 
riage and family lists of the members of his class. In the younger years of the 
class he also acts as a bureau of occupation and recommendation for class- 
mates desiring new positions. To him also are referred questions involving 
special class activities or affecting class policy. These powers have grown 
up with the office, especially as no class or general alumni association has 
specifically delegated these powers to the secretary. 

According to Mr. E. R. Embree, Yale's Alumni Registrar, who des- 
cribed the system at the meeting of Alumni Secretaries at Columbia, it is an 
evolution, a survival of the fittest, in class organization. The other officers of 
the class, sometimes appointed by the secretary, sometimes elected by the 
class, arrange for specific reunions, collect money for current expenses and 
for the University Alumni Fund, manage the annual dinners and devise and 
present memorials to the University. The secretary's specific and individual 
duty concerns the personal life of the member and the published records of 
his life. It is in the matter of class records that the Yale system is unique. 
A senior book is published at Yale, as at many other American universities, 
but this is only the beginning of a series of records. 

According to the present system most classes at Yale now issue more 
or less extensive biographical records of their members at five year intervals 
after graduation so long as the last survivor lives, forming a complete 
library of five to a dozen volumes. In general, these publications follow 
the reunions. Many of them are comparatively short, consisting merely of 
an account of the last reunion and brief sketches of recent events in the 
members' careers. But at the ten year, the twenty-five year and the fifty 
year period the records are more extensive. The twenty-five year and fifty 
year books are often distinct contributions to American biography, giving a 
complete sketch of each member, with often some genealogical background, 
a full account of his college life and two to five hundred words concerning 
his career, illustrated with photographs of the man as he appeared in col- 
lege and as he appeared twenty-five years after graduation. 

Yale now has a library of five hundred and forty volumes of class 
records, not including smaller pamphlets and address lists. The value of 

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this material to American biography and history is very great, and must 
become more valuable as the years pass. But even greater is its value to 
Yale University and to the members of the classes in keeping alive their 
interest and furthering a spirit of solidarity with one another and with the 
University. While it may be long before we can realize the completeness 
of the system at Yale University, some such organized method of keeping 
alumni records should be the ideal of the new Association of Class Secre- 



The smoker given by the New England Association to the Michigan 
alumni on the night before the Harvard game in the large ball room of the 
Copley-Plaza Hotel, proved a great success. The program was opened with 
a short concert by the Varsity Band, which occupied a platform at one end 
of the hall. When the meeting was called to order there were about six 
hundred men on the floor, with the balcony crowded with two to three 
hundred of Michigan's alumnae. Dr. C. W. Staples, 8gd, the president of the 
New England organization, opened the program with a few words of wel- 
come, and introduced James M. Swift, '95, ex-Attorney General of Mass- 
achusetts, as the Master of Ceremonies for the evening. He in turn called 
on Dean Cooley, Judge W. L. Day, '00/, of Cleveland, and Judge J. O. Mur- 
fi^> '95> '96/^ of Detroit, and all of these gave characteristic Michigan talks. 
Following this, impromptu speeches were made by Dean C. Worcester, '89, 
Coach Yost and H. J. Killilea, '85/, president of the "M" Club. The coach 
came in late, and stood back in a comer, but somebody noticed him, and 
immediately cries went up for "Yost." The Band struck up "The Victors," 
and the cheers that went up as he was taken to the platform were deafen- 
in. It was just a start towards showing that Michigan's alumni were with 
the team to the end. 

Between the various talks were cheers, led by "Hap" Haff, and the 
alunmi showed that even though they have been away a good many years, 
they still know how to yell. "Varsity" and "Win for Michigan" were sung 
during the evening. The program ended with moving pictures of Ann 
Arbor, more cheers, and the singing of "The Yellow and the Blue." 

Following the smoker, the crowd accepted the kind invitation of the 
Harvard Club, and headed by the Band marched to the Harvard Club, where 
they were entertained until well after midnight. 


Michigan spirit, in all its enthusiasm and collegiate optimism, was well 
shown when the Varsity team was the guest of the Detroit Alumni Associa- 
tion in the annual football smoker the Saturday night following the close 
of the season. The casual observer would never have known that the 
Detroit alumni were feasting a team which had lost three of its big games 
in one of the most disastrous seasons since Fielding Yost came to Michi- 

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gan, so bona fide and whole-hearted was the enthusiasm of the 600 students 
and graduates who were gathered in the auditorium of the new Board of 
, Commerce building in Detroit. 

Captain James W. Raynsford, Captain-elect William D. Cochran, with 
Trainer Steve Farrell, Graduate Director Phillip G. Bartelme and the mem- 
bers of the 1914 Varsity squad, were seated in the place of honor at the front 
of the big hall, while the other guests and their hosts were grouped around 
tables which completely filled the floor space. The yellow-caped bandmen 
were also present and were by no means the least popular part of the 

Not one of the speakers was allowed to touch on the fact of defeat, 
and all were optimistic as a result. The two captains, and Splawn and 
Maulbetsch were the team men called on, and each received an ovation on 
his appearance. The stocky little half back who had played in every game 
of the season, came in for a huge share of the attention, and it was only 
after the crowd had insisted that he talk, that he mounted the platform for 
his share of the speech-making. 

Charles Cross, a Cornell athlete of four year's competition, scored the 
biggest hit of the evening when he got up to say that "he was glad that 
Cornell had beaten Michigan because he would rather that Cornell beat 
Michigan than any other team in the country." He paid a glowing tribute 
to Michigan's spirit; a tribute which was echoed by Jay McLauchlan, a 
Yale man, who also was called on. 

President Walter E. Oxtoby, 98/, of the Detroit Association, introduced 
James Strassburg, '02, as toastmaster to start the festivities. Strassburg 
was Varsity baseball manager in 1901, and he proved equal to the task of 
keeping the enthusiastic crowd in leash long enough to listen to the speakers. 
Judge James O. Murfin, '95, '96/, of Detroit, one of the alumni members of 
the Athletic Board in Control, was a speaker, telling of the board's plans for 
the future and complimenting the 1914 Varsity on its season's play. E. A. 
Batchelor, a sports writer of Detroit, Attorney Francis D. Eaman, '00, and 
several others, were also on the list of speakers. 


With the purpose of interesting as many students in the University as 
possible in religious and social service, the Students* Christian Association 
conducted a five days series of meetings, beginning Wednesday, November 
18, under the name "Mobilization Week." In the five days a total of two 
hundred and eighty-four meetings were held, which were addressed by 
some thirty out-of-town speakers, men and women prominent in the religious 
and social work of the day. In addition to the general meetings held each 
night in Hill Auditorium, meetings were held at noon and evening at the 
various fraternity and sorority houses, by the different classes and depart- 
ments, by the women, by the men interested in athletics and journalism, 
and by the foreign students of the University. An elaborate plan of organi- 
zation, involving the appointment of over three hundred student committee- 
men, was carried out, under the general direction of an executive staflf 

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composed of Paul C. Wagner, '16^, of Ann Arbor, general chairman; 
Philip C. Lovejoy, '16, of Ann Arbor, executive secretary; and Grace L 
Fletcher, '16, of Chelsea, chairman of the women's division. 

Among the speakers were Reverend Allen Arthur Stockdale, pastor 
of the Congregational Church of Toledo, Ohio; Willard T. Beahan, chief 
engineer of the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway; Mr. James 
Schermerhom, of the Detroit Times; Mr. W. F. Lovett, of the Grand Rapids 
Evening News; Dr. Richard C. Cabot, one of the foremost practicing physi- 
cians of the day; Judges Alfred C. Murphy and Harry A. Lockwood, of 
Detroit; Dr. Peter Roberts, of New York, head of the industrial welfare 
work in the country ; A. J. Elliott, secretary of the International Y. M. C. A. 
Committee for colleges and universities in the Middle West; Charles Hur- 
rey, of New York, industrial welfare worker; R. H. Rindge, Jr., of New 
York City; Henry Hobson, Yale, '14, manager of the Yale Varsity crew; 
Richard H. Edward ; J. R. Lee, of Detroit, tiie man who has developed the 
social welfare work for the Ford employees; Lloyd C. Douglass, of Cham- 
paign, 111. ; E. C. Mercer, of New York City ; and Miss Mary Corbett. 

While in Ann Arbor, a social service committee composed of six men 
who are specializing in social work, made a survey of the city, finding many 
opportunities for social service in the factories, hospitals and city play- 
grounds, and in teaching first aid to the injured, hygiene and English to 
foreigners. As a result of their investigations, one hundred and seventy-five 
students in the University have offered their services to help better these 

The following week, November 27-29, over two thousand representa- 
tives from the various Michigan high schools met at Ann Arbor for the 
annual Y. M. C. A. State Boys' Conference. A series of meetings were 
held in Hill Auditorium, under the auspices of the Y. M. C. A., which were 
addressed by President Hutchins, Governor Woodbridge N. Ferris, Senator 
Charles E. Townsend, Mr. Fred B. Smith, of New York City, and Secre- 
tary of State William Jennings Bryan. 



The 1914 season was decidedly an off one for Michigan. A new 
team had practically to be created, and the most difficult schedule of years 
had to be faced. Yet these odds were partially at least discounted by the 
team. That in the Harvard and Pennsylvania games, Michigan showed 
an improvement and sportsmanship of which everyone had reason to be 
proud must not be forgotten when the books for 1914 are balanced. 

Nevertheless, the season as a whole turned out much as was feared by 
those with experience in athletics, even though there were some decidedly 
bright spots in the season's record. Nine members of the team ended their 
football careers with the close of the season of 1913, so it was well known 
that the 1914 team would be an untried and inexperienced crew. It was 

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the opinion of most good judges that the 1914 schedule was too hard for the 
green team which must play it, and that it would result in disaster. And 
in spite of the added length of the summer practice, the extra mid-week 
games, and the changing of the rules as to scholarship eligibility, these 
expectations were realized, and the season ended with three defeats for 
Michigan — a record not equalled in the past twenty years. 

To take up the season in detail, it shows a typical performance by a 
green team made up of very promising but undeveloped and inexperienced 
men. Against the early-season teams, Michigan showed an effective offense 
and though a ragged yet nevertheless an adequate, defense. As soon as op- 
ponents of strength were met, however, the weaknesses in the team ap- 
peared. Even Vanderbilt, though much weaker than usual (the Commo- 
dores had almost a straight record of defeats this season), was able to score, 
though Michigan rallied later in the game and clearly outclassed the south- 
em team. In the game against M. A. C. at Lansing, Michigan met a worthy 
foe, and was very glad to come home with a victory. The Aggies, it must 
be confessed, outplayed Michigan, and probably nothing but the call of time 
kept them from scoring a touchdown at the end of the first half. Michi- 
gan's only effective march toward the M. A. C. goal was checked by a fierce 
defense, and it was only by taking advantage of her superiority in for- 
ward passing that Michigan was able again to get the ball to a place 
where Splawn could kick a goal and roister the three points which gave 

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Michigan the victory. The victory was a costly one, for injuries were suf- 
fered by Hughitt and Splawn which kept the former out of the Syracuse 
game and reduced the latter*s effectiveness considerably. Even with the 
full strength of the team, however, Michigan would have had difficulties 
with the strong Syracuse team on October 24th. Syracuse, taking advan- 
tage of every weak point in Michigan's defense and nullifying every effort 
of her offense, won by the decisive score of 20 to 6. It was simply a case 
of a green team against a seasoned team. 

The Harvard game was naturally a manifestation of the same superior- 
ity of experience over inexperience. Harvard, even without the services of 
Brickley, Mahan, Pennock, Soucy and (for the greater part of the game) 
Wallace, was much more experienced than Michigan. In the long run, 
any eastern team is, probably, more experienced than any western team, be- 
cause of the better training received in the eastern preparatory schools ; but 
in the Harvard game the eastern team had a great advantage in collegiate 
experience as well. And the advantage showed even though Michigan put 
up an unexpectedly brave resistance. After the Michigan men had worn 
themselves out in rushing the ball almost the length of the field in the lir^t 
quarter, while Harvard was pursuing the traditional eastern tactics of hold, 
punt, hold, punt. Harvard's superiority in punting gave her the ball at the 
center of the field early in the second quarter, and she took it down the 
field for a touchdown in eleven plays. Again in the second half Michigan 
rushed the ball down toward Harvard's goal time after time, only to be held 
each time and to see Harvard — not attempting to run, but punting on first 
or second down — send the ball up the field again, where Michigan would 
again begin its splendid, but wearying and fruitless, pounding toward the 
unreachable Crimson goal. Michigan's attack, brilliant and forceful though 
it was, had been solved by the trained veterans of Harvard, and could not 
carry over the last line. The result was inevitable — no team could stand 
the overstrain — ^and at the end of the game Harvard was apparently about 
to score again when time was called. 

One notable result of the game was the mutual expression of good will 
between the supporters of the two universities. The Eastern papers were 
practically imanimous in the credit given to the sportsmanlike qualities of 
the team and the loyalty of the Michgan contingent at the game. 

Mack Whelan in the Boston Globe, says : 

An important part of the game was that both elevens played hard, clean football. 
Another feature was that Michigan, hundreds of miles from its own campus, gave a 
demonstration of graduate loyalty to the university which impressed vividly upon 
some thirty thousand of first hand observers that Ann Arbor is the home of a great, 
broad, national institution, the limits of the influence of whidi is not bound^ed by states 
or sections. Every one knew it before the game, of course, but every one who was 
among those present in the Stadium «had a much more personal realization of it after 
the game, Michigan made many thousands of friends in the east as the result of her 
long trip. Not only in point of numbers, but in the character of her ^lendid repre- 
sentation was the Michigan side of the Stadium impressive. 

The New York Herald says : 

The showing of the Michigan rooters was a big surprise. Not many expected to 
»ce such an outpouring as there was of those who wore the Maize and Blue. In the 

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east stand there were fully two thousand who had come to cheer the Ann Arbor 
juggernaut, and there was not one in this collection who dad not carry a yellow 
chrysanthemum. Banked against the gray background of the stadium the yellow 
flowers made a picturesque splurge of color. 

Another hit to the present generations of Bostonians, who had never before seen 
the Western team and their supporters, was the band of forty pieces, which came 
all the -way from Ann Arbor. These young musicians were decked out in blue and 
gold uniforms, and when tbey marched on the field and worked themselves into the 
form of a huge M, the Harvard side of the field gave them a big send-off. The band 
was a big feature of the occasion. 

One of the striking things about the match was the glee with which the Harvard 
supporters greeted the victory. It is not very often, except in a contest with Yale or 
Princeton, that the Crimson undergraduates give themselves up to the joyous intricacies 
of the snake dance, but when the final whistle blew the whole Harvard stand stormed 
down on the field and, led by their band, they paraded around the turf arni -went 
through the time honored custom of tossing hats over the cross bars of the goal posts. 

Grantland Rice, in the Evening Mail, said : 

The fine, clean spirit of sportsmanship displayed by both factions on and off the 
field Saturday should make the Harvard-Michigan battle a yearly affair. Yost and 
his men were overwhelmed with every attention possible. .Harvard went to the limit 
in hospitality. And the spirit all around shown through the battle was of such a ihigh 
order that it would be a pity for such a contest to be dropped. A meeting of this sort 
is too big a boon to sportsmanship to be laid aside. 

Sportsmanship is the worth while element in every game. College sportsmanship 
is training for the Greater Sportsmanship. For life, after all, is only a game. 

After the Harvard game there was a tremendous feeling of confidence 
among the supporters of the Michigan team. Nearly everybody had ex- 
pected a worse defeat, and the margin of a single touchdown seemed nar- 

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row indeed between Michigan and the strongest team in the east. This con- 
fidence was heightened by the fact that Michigan had twice come so near 
to scoring, and by the current reports that Michigan had "gained more 
groimd" than Harvard. It is true that Michigan ran the ball from scrim- 
mage for a greater distance than Harvard did ; to be exact, Mr. Parke H. 
Davis' table in the Detroit Tribune shows that Michigan rushed the ball 55 
times for a total gain of 191 yards (an average of 3.47 yards) against Har- 
vard's 33 rushes for a total of 127 yards (an average of 3.85 yards). But 
rushing the ball — even with a back like Maulbetsch — is not all of football, 
as is shown by Michigan's victory over M. A. C. and her touchdowns against 
Cornell, all gained by forward passes. And in passing, kicking, and running 
back punts, Harvard's superiority was marked. The total amount of groimd 
gained by Harvard was nearly 100 yards more than that gained by Michi- 
gan. And it was this superiority together with Harvard's solving of Mich- 
igan's offense, that won the game. "Right Wing," a well-known eastern 
critic, seems to think that the victory was a triumph of eastern tactics over 
western; perhaps it may be as fairly said that Harvard won because her 
experienced line-men were able to solve the Michigan offense in time to 
prevent a score, and were wise enough to choose just the right moment for 
their attack on Michigan; perhaps these are merely two different ways of 
expressing the same thing. At all events, both sides seemed pleased with 
the result; Harvard because she won, Michigan because she made a better 
showing than she had expected. 

The confidence which resulted from the Harvard game was doubled 
and trebled by the easy victory over Pennsylvania on the following Satur- 
day. True, the Penn team had not shown great form (having been tied by 
Lafayette and beaten by Franklin & Marshall, and eventually winning less 
than half its games) but nobody expected the tremendous drubbing which 
was administered by Michigan, whose score of 34 to 3 was more of a sur- 
prise to the football world than was Dartmouth's victory over Penn by a 
score of 41 to o a week later. Michigan was irresistible; Pennsylvania, 
hopelessly outclassed, could do nothing; it seemed as if Mr. Yost had ac- 
complished the impossible and made a crew of youngsters into a world-beat- 
ing team, as if the Harvard game had been a mistake, and the Syracuse 
game a bad dream. 

Indeed, this belief in Mr. Yost's wizardry lasted into the second half 
of the Cornell game. Two beautiful forward passes resulted in two touch- 
downs for Michigan in the first half, while Cornell was able to score but 
once. But Cornell, while scoring but once in the first half, was learning a 
lot about Michigan's style of play, and in the second half proceeded to put 
into execution what she had learned. Michigan's attempts to gain were 
frustrated by the Cornell defense, while Cornell trotted out a variation of 
the old Yale massed interference which soon was going through Michigan 
about 7 yards to a play. Michigan seemed unable to solve this play, and 
soon crumbled under the fierce attack. The result was a score of 28 to 12 
in favor of Cornell — the worst defeat suffered by Michigan since 1908, 
when Penn won 29 to o and Syracuse won 28 to 4. 

Though the season itself was disastrous enough — due mostly to the im- 

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position of such a difficult schedule on a green team — the members of the 
team have learned a lot of football, and will be sure to give -a good account 
of themselves next year. Only Raynsford, Hughitt and McHale are to be 
lost to the team (unless difficulties in scholarship arise, which seems un- 
likely) ; the 1915 team will therefore be able to begin the season with a 
considerable list of fairly experienced men, and may reasonably hope to 
turn the tables on some of their 1914 opponents. 



The second annual Convocation address was delivered October 16, 
1914, by Dr. Victor C. Vaughan, Dean of the Department of Medicine and 

Dr. Vaughan discussed "The nature and purpose of Education" and, 
in his opening paragraphs asked his audience, "Why are you here?" The 
purpose of the University, he said, is to better fit for citizenship. In his 
first words, therefore, he emphasized the responsibility of the student to the 
University, insisting that intelligence, industry and integrity are the first 
essentials for every student. Dr. Vaughan then traced the development of 
education of the individual through the modification and development of 
behavior through experience. He showed how behavior is determined 
through the mechanism of the nervous system, emphasizing the concern of 
education especially with the function of the nerves, and continued as fol- 

Man comes into the world the most helpless of all animals. At birth 
the child is incapable of locomotion and of finding unaided its food 
supply. For months, and indeed for years, the child remains in this helpless 
state. The dog in the first six months of its life learns more than the child 
does in years. It is the superiority of his nervous mechanism that has given 
man dominion over the earth and all that is therein. We need sound bones, 
strong muscles and healthy organs, because these render the development of 
the nervous system possible, and the health of the body, as a whole, is es- 
sential to the well-developed man. We can have no correct conception of 
education vsrithout some knowledge of the mechanism employed in its acqui- 
sition. Briefly considered, the nervous system consists of receptors or spe- 
cial senses, which are stimulated by the environment, of conductors which 
transmit the stimulation to the central organs and of effectors which control 
and direct the responses to the stimuli. The primary function of the nervous 
mechanism is to provide paths of conduction between the receptors and 
effectors. The first breath of air at birth starts the machinery of respira- 
tion. Irritability and automatism are properties of all living things. Even 
unicellular organisms, amebae, for instance, in which there is no nervous 

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tissue, automatically respond to external stimuli, such as food, and changes 
in behavior or rudimentary and limited education can be developed in them. 
As cell differentiation is evolved the structure of the nervous system be- 
comes more complicated and its functions are more diversified and effective. 

A sense receptor, such as the eye or ear^ the sensory nerve, such as the 
optic or the auditory, the nervous center to which the impression is con- 
veyed and the motor nerve, through which the response is transmlttea, con- 
stitute the "reflex arc." Reflex action is the simplest function of the nervous 
system. Strong light induces contraction of the pupil, the sight or odor of 
food causes the saliva to flow, pinching the flesh is followed by muscular 
movement. These are examples of innate reflexes. The normal child comes 
into the world possessed of these reflexes. A large part of education con- 
sists in the co-ordination and development of these innate reflexes. Walking, 
talking, reading, writing, are examples of co-ordinated, trained reflexes. 

The first lesson we learn in investigating the mechanism of education 
is that the sense receptors must be in good condition to start with and must 
be kept in the highest state of efficiency as we proceed. The receptors 
through which our behavior is modified and developed by environment are 
the five senses, seeing, hearing, touch, smell and taste, each of which on 
close analysis, is found to be complex. All primary knowledge reaches the 
brain through these sources. In no other way can environment modify our 
behavior or can we be educated. The dictum of Locke "Nihil in intellectu 
est quod non prius in sensu" is not refuted by the addendum of Leibnitz 
"Nisi intellectus ipse." When the senses are defective in function, illusions, 
hallucinations and delusions control us and dominate our conduct. The 
senses may be primarily defective and to some extent these defects may be 
removed by medical skill. When normal in mechanism these functions may 
be impaired by poisons introduced from without the body, such as alcohol, 
or by those generated within the body, such as those due to fatigue or to 
disease. Although the truth expressed in the Latin proverb, "Mens sana in 
sano corpore" has come down to us from classical times, educators have 
been slow to realize its force. Indeed, when mystical scholasticism formu- 
lated educational ideals, affliction of the body was believed to be essential to 
the highest development of the mind. Fortunately, even educators, one by 
one, with some reluctance, are awakening from their dreams and becoming 
interested in scientific investigation. Greater benefits in educational methods 
have been obtained by observation of the effects of altered environment on 
the behavior of animals than have been evolved from the inner consciousness 
of the greatest genius. Appreciating the fundamental importance of nor- 
mality in securing an education, this university is developing a splendid sys- 
tem for the supervision of the health of its students. However, the health 
of each individual is largely in his own keeping and I wish to say that idle- 
ness, alcoholism and sexual vice remain the most potent factors in student 
wreckage. With senses untrained from idleness and benumbed by dissipa- 
tion the individual is a failure in college and in the greater school of the 

Certain complex reflexes are known as instincts. These play an im- 
portant part in education. All instincts are not manifest at the time of 

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birth, but develop with age and are influenced by the evolution of the indi- 
vidual, as a whole. The instinct of play manifests itself in every normal 
child and the same is true of the instincts of acquisitiveness, construction, 
possession, self-assertion, anger, self-abasement, rivalry, pugnacity, etc. 
These need to be controlled and directed, and this constitutes an important 
part of education. They are inherited, but are subject to marked modifica- 
tion by environment. For instance, the instinct of imitation is one of great 
potency in shaping our conduct and in determining not only our own lives, 
but of those about us. In this lies sufficient justification of state education. 
One scientific farmer in a commimity enhances the value of all the farming 
land about him, because he demonstrates the productivity of the soil. One 
honest, learned lawyer reduces litigation and a skillful physician not only 
alleviates the suffering of the sick, but prevents the spread of the disease. 
The highest purpose of this University is to train leaders of men, those 
whose influence among their fellows may always be in the right direction. 

Success will depend largely upon the environment under which you live 
while here. This can not be wholly determined by the university authorities. 
To a large extent you will educate one another. 

A part of education consists in inhibiting reflexes and suppressing mis- 
directed instincts. The only way in which this can be done is by the cultiva- 
tion and exercise of certain other reflexes. As we shall see later, nervous 
impulses travel most easily over well worn pathways. A function frequently 
performed proceeds automatically and to the exclusion of antagonistic ten- 
dencies. One of the most difficult things the untrained student has to con- 
tend with is diffuse activity. He tries to study, but outside stimuli of vision, 
hearing, etc. bombard his sensorium and demand his attention. Training is 
essential before calls to purposeless activity can be ignored. 

The first impression which one receives in studying the structure and 
function of the nervous system is that it is a grossly defective mechanism. 
The elements of which it is composed consist of nerve cells with axons and 
dendrites. The dendrites are supposed to receive the stimuli and the axons 
to conduct them to the next unit. Between these units, called neurones, 
there is no direct structural connection. The axons of one imit come in 
more or less direct contact with the dendrites of the next, but each neuron is 
organically quite distinct from all others. The apparent imperfection lies in 
this absence of direct connection. The point of contact between two neurons 
is known as a synapse and at this point there is more or less resistance to 
the transmission of the stimulus. This apparent imperfection is, however, 
in some respects at least, a benefit. Were it not for this delay the brain 
would be stormed continuously by stimuli from the outer world and orderly 
thought would be quite impossible. Without these apparent imperfections, 
sleep would be less restful and anesthetics would not be able to relieve us 
of pain. Education consists partly in improving these connections. A path- 
way through the nervous tissue having been once opened is more easily 
followed by subsequent similar stimuli. This renders possible the formation 
of habits. The more frequently a given pathway is traversed, the more 
easily stimuli pass until finally transmission occurs without conscious effort. 
The first attempt to learn is more or less laborious, but with each repetition 

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the resistance becomes less and finally the thing is done automatically. 
Effectiveness is largely the result of the formation of good habits. In this 
way the expert is developed. The best preparation for doing anything is the 
fact that you have once or oftener done it and the more frequently it has 
been done, the more certainty is there in repeating it. The beginner in teleg- 
raphy must give attention to each letter, then he thinks only of words, and 
later he advances to phrases and even to sentences. 

In learning of this kind, progress is not always uniform. After reach- 
ing a certain degree of proficiency there is a period in which there is no ap- 
parent progress. These periods are known as plateaus. All students arc 
familiar with these depressing states in which effort seems without avail, 
but with persistence the curve of learning suddenly begins to rise and the 
elation of success is the reward. 

The question of the transference of skill acquired in one branch of 
learning to another has been debated among psychologists, but the weight of 
evidence is that it is not possible. Being an expert mathematician does not 
make one an authority in law or medicine. The neural pathways opened up 
in the pursuit of different branches of learning are not the same. They 
may lie quite far apart and expertness in one line does not imply even 
soundness of judgment in another. This is an important matter in educa- 
tion and will receive further attention later. 

The formation of habit is common to all animals and habits have a 
marked influence on behavior. We do things so often that it becomes diffi- 
cult to refrain from doing them when the conditions under which they have 
been done recur. The most forceful teacher of my college days was wont 
to say : "Man is but a bundle of habits and happy is the man whose habits 
are his friends." At twenty, it seemed to me that the force of this saying 
lay in its sonorous quality. At sixty I realize that its strength lies in its 
truth. The young scout the idea that they can not indulge in a vice occasion- 
ally without becoming a victim. The chains forged in the smithy of habit 
are strong in every link. They may safely hold us in the heaviest storm or 
they may drag us to the bottom of smooth seas. Another mistake often 
made by youth is the belief that every experience is helpful. There is no 
other commodity for which we pay so dearly and the price often is health, 
happiness and even Uf e. 

Some stimuli make such deep and lasting impressions on the central- 
nervous system that the picture may be recalled without the recurrence of the 
original stimulus. This is memory. Jennings has shown that there is some 
evidence of memory even in unicellular organisms. This becomes more 
marked as the animal structures, especially the nervous system, develop. 
Even a spider learns by experience and alters its behavior to its own benefit, 
when repeatedly subjected to like conditions. 

Colvin says: "Memory is a fundamental phenomenon of organic life. 
In its widest sense it signifies the fact that impressions once received by an 
organism are retained for a greater or less period and that this retention 
is indicated in the modified behavior of the organism. The evidence of mem- 
ory in animals is their ability to profit by experience. A white rat is placed 
at the entrance of a maze at the center of which is food. The animal moves 

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about in an aimless manner until at length it reaches the center. If on suc- 
ceeding trials the rat shows an improvement in the accuracy and rapidity 
with which it moves about the maze, this means that its earlier attempts 
have in some sense left their effects ; they have modified subsequent conduct. 
Memory when used in this widest sense of the term, lies at the basis of all 
learning. It is a measure of educability." 

There are three important factors in memory. The impression must be 
"stamped in." It must be correctly associated with other impressions. It 
must be subject to recall and proper recognition. The strength of the im- 
pression is dependent upon many factors. The brain may be so altered by 
inherited defect, trauma, senility, fatigue, disease or toxic agents, that effec- 
tive and lasting impressions can not be made. So .long as the brain remams 
in the abnormal condition its receptivity can not be improved. The men- 
tally defective can be educated to a certain point, but can go no farther. An 
impression may be "stamped in" by the force or unusual character of the 
external stimulus. The external world demands the attention of the individ- 
ual and an unusual sight, noise or other sensation makes a never-to-be-for- 
gotten impression. This is known as passive attention and is common to all 
animals. It is the basic principle in all attempts to modify behavior through 
hope of reward or fear of punishment and is highly effective in the control 
and training of the lower animals and ignorant men, but loses in power 
with the development of intellect. However, in this and other universities, 
this appeal to increased effort is employed in the form of grades, admission 
to special societies, the bestowal of insignia of distinction, etc., and on most 
men in our stage of development it is not without eflfect. The approval of 
our fellows as shown by social, political and intellectual preferment, still 
proves a potent incentive to increased effort. With the development of in- 
tellect, passive attention is largely supplanted by the active form. In the 
latter the individual selects the stimuli which are to make permanent impres- 
sions. An important function in the accomplishment of this purpose is the 
rejection of stimuli believed to be unimportant or harmful and seizing upon 
and fixing of those recognized as of greatest value. In this selection lies 
the pathway to wisdom. It determines the ideals of the individual. It shapes 
the ^o and sets the lines of future development. The memory pictures 
photographed in the highly labile molecules of the brain constitute a record 
of all our available knowledge, not only that gained through personal experi- 
ence, but that acquired from any source. We rehear the spoken and reread 
the written word. We recall the facts of history. We utilize without con- 
scious effort in our daily dealings the mathematical skill acquired in child- 
hood. We make practical application of the scientific discoveries of the 
past in supplying ourselves with the necessities and comforts of life. We 
enjoy the literature of all nations in all ages. In short, the storehouses of 
learning to which we have access are practically limitless in their wealth 
and from this we may select at will and appropriate to our own use without 
diminishing to the smallest d^^ee what is left for others. 

In order to be of greatest service, memory pictures must be clear and 
properly placed. Clearness and association are essential to prompt recall 
and correct recognition. Memory, like all other functions of the nervous 

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mechanism, is capable of improvement by exercise. When memory pictures 
have a faulty setting, they may influence behavior disastrously. The old 
man thinks all this talk about impure milk killing infants and infected water 
causing typhoid fever is nonsense, because all his life people, both yoimg 
and old, have been drinking dirty milk and polluted water. He does not 
know or recognize the fact that many even within his own circle have died 
from these causes. In his experience these facts have not been recognized 
as possessing any causal relationship. Half his children have died from the 
summer diarrheas of infancy and others have died in youth from typhoid, 
but he has always connected these bereavements with the world-old belief 
that disease could not be prevented nor death delayed. The failure to prop- 
erly correlate experiences or their memory pictures is one of the tnings 
which prevents many elderly people, especially the untrained, from adjusting 
themselves to advances in knowledge. Many superstitious rites and cere- 
monies have their origin in the faulty conception of cause and effect. Many 
reason post hoc ergo propter hoc. This faulty logic is still a strong support 
of charlatanism in its many survival forms. 

The study of the structure and function of the nervous mechanism 
makes plain what should be attempted in securing an education. We have 
seen that in the acquisition of knowledge pathways to the cerebral cortex 
must be opened up. Conduction of nervous impulses meets with resist- 
ance as it passes from one neuron to the next. This resistance grows less 
with each traverse of the impulse along the same path and with frequent 
repetition the trail becomes so smooth that impulses pass through without 
conscious effort. It is easier to open up pathways to the cortex in youth 
than in later years because the liability and plasticity of the nervous tissue 
decrease with advancing age. However, lines of conduction established in 
the plastic period are never obliterated save by disease or death. Even with 
approaching senility, when the opening of new lines is impossible, those es- 
tablished in youth continue to operate. Truly, learning becomes the solace 
of age. The educated octogenarian remains in sympathy and intelligent 
touch with the outer world, while his untrained brother finds himself iso- 
lated and marooned on a small barren island. Furthermore, it has been 
demonstrated that the lines of conduction which serve in one department 
of learning are useless in the conduction of information from other sources. 
The acquisition of mathematical skill does not give special preparation for 
historical erudition. These elemental psychological facts indicate that in 
youth training of the nervous system should be broad, the purpose being to 
establish many and diversified sources for the supply of mental pabulum. 
Symmetrical exercise is as essential to the normal development of the 
nervous system as it is in muscular training. Athletes are not made by put- 
ting all muscles save one in plaster casts and exercising the free one, neither 
can the functions of the brain be properly developed in such a way. 

Dr. Vaughan then discussed the fundamental subjects which should 
form the basis of education. In turn he showed the desirability of the 
study of language, emphasizing Greek and Latin as a great factor in the 
comprehension of other languages partly derived from them. But the man 

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who knows the classics and nothing more is blind and deaf to much which 
is of the highest interest both to himself and his fellows. French and Ger- 
man are almost equally necessary for modem scientific workers, while math- 
ematics through plane trigonometry is an essential of everyone's develop- 
ment. History and the fundamental principles and facts of the physical, 
chemical and biological sciences should also be included in the courses 
taken by every student who wishes a broad and general education, whatever 
his business or professional calling is to be. 
The speaker then continued : 

While I have made an earnest plea for a broad, liberal, fundamental 
education in order that we may be in intelligent touch with the basic condi- 
tions that control and modify human behavior, there is like physiological, 
reason for advising every student to build on this broad foundation his spe- 
cialty. When you have reared your house with heavy rocks for the founda- 
tion, massive walls, bound together with steel beams, on this you can carry 
up as high as you please the tower which will afford you an outlook. Take 
one subject and know everything that is known about it and if possible know 
more than any one else. In other words, in addition to your general knowl- 
edge be a specialist. To your general knowledge, add the skill of the expert. 
The physiological reasons for this advice must be evident to all who have 
followed my Hne of argument. Neural pathways become smoother the more 
frequent the travel over them. I recommend expert development for the 
following reasons: (i) Extension of the domain of knowledge is secured. 
(2) The pleasure known only to the discoverer comes to him who does work 
of this kind. (3) It is a rest and recreation to turn into the well-worn paths 
along which thought moves automatically. 

It is not essential that the special study, which I recommend, should be 
in the Hne of one's vocation. It may lie. quite apart from business or pro- 
fessional duties. 

Many examples from the lives of men who have advanced human 
knowledge were then given to show that the special study recommended 
must not necessarily be in the line of one's vocation. 


Social service is not a new work for the college man. Nor is the field of 
civic reform at all foreign to him. But special organization of college grad- 
uates for this work, a movement which has recently started in New York and 
some of our other large cities, is distinctly new. It is an organized effort to 
make the college man an efficient and useful member of the community, and 
to make his training and efficiency of use in return for the benefits which he 
has received. It is to the college men that the states are looking more and 
more for the intelligent co-operation necessary to n^ake the social and politi- 
cal ledger show a balance on the right side. In harmony with this general 
movement on the part of the graduates of all our larger universities in 

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iqh] social service for MICHIGAN MEN 147 

New York, the University of Michigan Club of New York has appointed a 
committee consisting of Stanley D. McGraw, '92, Chairman; Allen M. 
Broomhall, '02, Treasurer; William A. Ewing, '64; Victor H. Jackson, 'yyd, 
ySm; George E. Cutler, '85; William McAndrew, '86; Royal S. Copeland, 
'89A and Arnold L. Davis, '98/, to co-operate with the alumni of other col- 
leges in enlisting recent graduates who come to New York in some form of 
volunteer service for the community. Requests have been received from the 
Boys* Clubs, Settlements, Churches, Boy Scouts, Big Brother Movement, 
Charities, the City Club, Political Parties and all the leading civic and 
social organizations for men to give a little of their spare time. 

Seven other cities have similar alumni committees — Chicago, Pitts- 
burgh, Philadelphia, Boston, Washington, Buffalo and Montreal — all em- 
braced in a national plan of the Y. M. C. A. to connect college graduates 
with social and civic activities in the communities where they locate. The 
organizer of this work is Oliver F. Cutts, the star tackle of the Harvard 
team of 1901. The seniors in the colleges and universities have been asked 
to indicate before commencement to what places they are going and what 
form of service most interests them. The names of these seniors are then 
sent to Mr. Cutts who distributes them to the committees in charge of the 
work in each city. When the men arrive they are called upon by the Field 
Secretary who gives them an opportunity to take up some congenial social 

During the past year twenty-five Michigan men in New Yoric have 
been interested in acting as "big brothers" to boys from the Children's 
Court, in working with the Charity Organization Society, in Boy's Clubs, in 
Boy Scouts, in teaching a naturalization class at the Y. M. C. A., in giving 
legal advice, in watching at the polls and in other forms of political work 
for good government. Of the committee, one is running a big club of 
street boys in one of the suburbs ; one has thrown open the high school of 
which he is principal for the use of the people of the East Side neighbor- 
hood in which it is located for practically the entire time outside of school 
hours, giving them a roof garden, gymnasium, dance floor, auditorium and 
picture gallery; one is active in the Big Brother Movement and two are 
officers of the Y. M. C. A.* 

The general outline of the work before this organization is given in an 
article published in the Nezv York Evening Post for July 11, which The 
Alumnus takes pleasure in reprinting in part. 

Back in 19 ri somebody awoke to the fact that every year there were 
coming to New York City about 1,000 college graduates. These men, it was 
realized, were drifting into the city, rooming in scattered sections, working 
by day and finding their own pursuits of pleasure or study in the evening, 
without ever getting into very close touch with many of the most significant 
affairs of New York. Politics looked like a rather big and complicated 

♦The committee will be glad to hear of Michigan men coming to New York or 
have any man look up the Chairman, Stanley D. McGraw, '92, iii Broadway, or the 
Field Secretary, J. Barnard Walton, Intercollegiate Y. M. C. A., 554 West 114th Street. 

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machine for a young man, with time taken up by many other interests, 
to try to study with a view to doing much actual work in connection with it. 
The worst social conditions in the city, together with the work being done 
to remedy them, were out of sight, so that little appeal was made to the 
interest of the new arrival. There was no one to tell them where to begin. 
The result was that this company of i,ooo potentially valuable citizens was 
being allowed to sift into the great mass of the population, become lost, 
and go on past the time when interest could be most naturally aroused 
toward the time when other aflFairs and the inertia of established routine 
would make it hard to stir the men to much active effort. 

The result was that a committee was formed to get hold of the new 
men coming to New York year by year. They began by getting the names 
of recent graduates in New York from college registrars, class secretaries, 
alumni clubs, and friends. The work began naturally among men of Yale, 
Harvard. Princeton, and the other universities having large bodies of alumni 
in New York, but it spread rapidly to others. Williams, Columbia, Cornell, 
Amherst, Pennsylvania, and Michigan are among the institutions that have 
special committees for the work now, and others are showing an interest 
that indicates that the list will continue to grow steadily. From this period 
of the summer, when the first men are settling to their work after taking 
off their commencement gowns and getting their diplomas framed, to the 
late fall, when the last of the contingent who rounded off their courses 
with a final long vacation will have been placed, the academic invasion of 
New York will be under way, and the intercollegiate committee work will be 
at its rush time.* 

New York, however, is not the only city in which campaigning is being 
done. The advantages of the new plan for turning the training of college 
men to useful account in city life were quickly seen, and the news of the 
New York movement spread. Boston and Chicago have already followed 
the lead in organized effort along similar lines, and are working in co- 
operation with New York. Oliver F. Cutts, Harvard Law School, '03, is in 
charge of the general organization work. The plan is to carry the work as 
far as the interest of college men themselves can be made to take it, and to 
set only the country itself as a final natural limit to the ultimate scope of the 
work. The ideal is for the development of a nation-wide force of college 
men enlisted under this central leadership for concerted effort to improve 
the life of the places they adopt as their hon>es. With each new lot of grad- 
uates being followed from their colleges, it is not hard to imagine the work 
growing to such proportions, since each man will be encouraged by the sense 
that he is working in unison with others all over the country and is not 
making a more or less futile effort alone. 

Whenever it is possible, the appeal is made by men of the same college 
as the man who is approached, and often men of the same college are 
brought together on the same work. Yale, Harvard, Princeton, Cornell, 
and Columbia are each centering a group of boys' club leaders in one settle- 
ment in New York. This method is found to be most successful wherever 
it can be carried out. When it can not, however, the appeal of the work 
itself is usually strong enough, once the men are actually in it. 

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The principle of making up the committees of the various colleges that 
are carrying forward the work of getting in touch with the new men is sim- 
ilar to the more general organization work. It is recognized that as a man 
grows older and has been out of college some years, he begins to acciunulate 
duties which interfere with such work, and also that he begins to get out of 
touch with the actual undergraduate body. So the aim is to keep filling in 
the committees with a man or two suggested as valuable for such work, 
from each class as it leaves college. At the same time, one or two of the 
older members are able to drop out and leave their duties to younger hands. 
In this way, the membership and influence of the committees are kept con- 
stantly fresh, while the new men always come into a board experienced in 
the work and able to give training before its officers pass on. 

The work to be done is as varied as the life of the citie? themselves. 
Almost any man can find something to his taste. Political parties, the 
churches, citizens' unions, and city clubs, the Boy Scouts, the Big Brother 
organization, the Young Men's Christian Association, and numerous char- 
itable and social enterprises are among the institutions interested in the 
movement and working in co-operation with it. During the years of 1912 
and 1913 men in New York were interested in settlement work, boys' club 
work, civic and political work, Sunday schools, legal aid, teaching English 
to foreigners, social surveys, and friendly visiting for the Charity Organiza- 
tion Society. A number of the men were prime movers in the Honest 
Ballot Association, which had so great an influence in the recent election. 
In general, the work takes one evening a week, or more time if the men 
want to give it. • 

Qualifications for the work are so many that they cannot be listed. 
Even the star banjo-player of the college glee club can find in connection 
with this movement some actually useful purpose to which his ability can 
be turned, for musical talent is at a premium. Athletes, of course, are in 
particular demand in connection with boys' club work, for there is no man 
who can more quickly command the admiration and loyalty of the boys than 
the man with a fine body and athletic skill. There is no more magic charm 
than the university letter that means that its wearer used to "play on the 

Dramatic ability may be turned to organizing wholesome neighborhood 
entertainments. Training in law or technical lines can all be used in teach- 
ing the foreigners, who are only too anxious to learn about the country to 
which they have come and of its work, and who often need only the spur 
of the information and encouragement in first principles that a trained man 
can give to urge them to take up study and make trained men of themselves. 
Knowledge of medicine is always needed in aiding the hundreds of ignorant 
families to improve their ways of living. A hobby that appeals to boys, a 
love of outdoor life that may be made the basis of plans for taking boys 
for excursions and camping in the country, the ability to gain the affection 
and confidence of a boy, so necessary in the men in the Big Brother Move- 
ment, who are trying to do something with the boys who get into the courts 
and are in danger of becoming habitual criminals, all can be used by college 
men whose training has given them a conception of character and the intelli- 

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gence to use their influence to make better citizens of the boys they can 
control. Interest in civic reform can always find an outlet in political activ- 
ity, and men willing to help by real work can always secure with ease the 
introductions necessary to put them in touch with the party organization 
leaders in their communities. 

Instances of the activities that some of the men are already carrying 
on give the best idea of how broad a field is covered. One civil engineer 
has become a member of the Sanitation Committee of the Kips Bay Neigh- 
boorhood Association in New York, working on sanitary and sewerage 
problems, in the district. Another man has charge .of a group of youngsters 
at the carpenter benches of the Warren Goddard House; one is leading 
a boys' gym club, and another coaching a minstrel show at the same settle- 
ment. A mechanical engineer is teaching a civil service class in the Sta- 
tionary Firemen's Labor Union, instructing men who are eager to qualify 
as stationary engineers. Another civil engineer spent some time investigat- 
ing factories for fire prevention, and took a club of boys in training to be 
citizens. Boys' club work is one of the most significant lines of endeavor 
that the college men take up, and one for which the great majority of men 
willing to try are reasonably well fitted. 

That the social agencies are beginning to recognize the usefulness of 
the inter-collegiate organization is indicated in the requests for help which 
have been coming in. From one settlement came the word : "Twenty clubs 
waiting to be admitted for want of directors and equipment. We need men 
to visit the neighborhood about sanitary precautions. We need men to inter- 
est themselves in finding ways to rgach these new citizens and help them to 
become part of our country." The Charity Organization Society wrote: 
"We need men in all parts of the city." The secretary of the Big Brother 
Movement sent in a call for one hundred men to provide "big brothers" 
for boys who had come before the Children's Court. 

A college man active in politics wrote : "There is no better field than 
New York for a college man who wishes to do political work. A man who 
is willing to help will find himself welcome in most political organizations." 
This fall should see a noticeable extension of the intercollegiate work 
along many lines, for it will be the first year that the committees will have 
the advantage of being given the addresses of the new men through 
the clearing house that is handling the blanks which have been filled out by 
this year's seniors. Already the committee has gotten in touch with 250 
men through these blanks, and many more should be added before the count 
is complete. The first work to be done is to give the prospective workers 
a sort of bird's-eye view of the field to be covered. This is done by holding 
meetings at which men prominent in the various lines of work meet the 
graduates and talk with them, and also by taking the men out to see some 
of the actual social work that is being carried on. As the movement grows, 
the central committee offices at 554 West 114th Street bid fair to find them- 
selves the headquarters for one of the most significant campaigns of volun- 
teer civic reform yet undertaken in the country. 

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University News 



The Michigan team reached its highest 
point of efficiency when it trounced its old- 
time foe, the Pennsylvania Quakers, by 
the satisfactory score of 34 to 3, on the af- 
ternoon of November 7. Everything which 
had been expected, and which Yost had 
hoped would be used, in the Harvard game, 
came out on this Saturday, in a brilliant, 
smas>hing attack and a stonewall defense 
which held the rangy opponents helpless 
throughout the hour of play. 

Like its predecessors in years past, the 
1914 appearance of Pennsylvania on Ferry 
Field was the signal for a homecoming of 
thousands of alumni, and a crowd of ap- 
proximately 23,000 people packed the stands 
for the game. Ann Arbor took on its an- 
nual appearance of collegiate gaiety, and 
a perfect co-operation by th« Weather Man 
combined to make this Qusdcer-Wolver- 
ine game the banner event of Michigan's 
1914 gridiron history. 

The Varsity was unbeatable this afiter- 
noon of November 7. It had been prophe- 
sied by many that th« men had "gone stale" 
from their supreme efforts in the Harvard 
game. And for the first part of the open- 
ing quarter, it looked as if these predic- 
tions were to prove true. 

But from the moment Matthew of Penn 
kicked his drop-kick from the 30-yard line 
and put the visitors out in front with 
the only score of the game up to that 
point. Captain Raynsford and his men 
rallied to tiie attack which took them sweep- 
ing down the field to an overwhelming 

The Varsity's quota of points in the 
second quarter was 20, and 14 more were 
added in the third. A second string of 
backs, shoved into the game in the last 
period, was responsible for the absence of 
further scores in this quarter. From the 
time when Matthew had made his drop- 
kick, up until the very last moments of 
play, when a series of short forward passes 
took the ball down into Michigan terri- 
tory, Pennsylvania was helpless on ti>e 
offense. The whole of the intervening time 
was taken up by the Varsity scoring ma- 
x:hine's activities in making touchdowns. 

Open play won the game for Michigan. 
Two double passes were the direct cause 
of the first touchdown. One of them en- 

abled Catlett to carry the ball well down 
into Penn territory with a 9-yard gain. 
A series of short plunges by Maulbetsch 
took the pigskin to the 5-yard line, and here 
Hughitt and Catlett negotiated their sec- 
ond double pass ami the Varsity had scored. 

The second and third touchdowns came 
directly through two brilliant forward pas- 
ses. Benton was on the receiving end of 
the first one, taking the ball from Splawn 
following a double pass back of the Mich- 
igan line, and racing the last 7 yards to a 
touchdown. The oUier forward pass was 
typical of the deadly team play of the 
Varsity. A toss to Benton from Hughitt 
was a little too hard, bounding off the 
left end's finger tips. But Staatz was 
racing alongside of Benton on the play, 
and raked in the ball as it glanced from his 
team-mate's hands toward him. He was 
downed on the 6-yard line, 20 yards being 
made on the play. From here Maulbetsch 
took the ball over on two plunges. 

Hughitt and Maulbetsch made the other 
two touchdowns for the Varsity, straight, 
hard football, with an occasional trick and 
some open formations, being responsible for 
the gains which made the last goal-crossing 
plunge possible. 

As in the games which preceded the 
Penn battle, Michigan's left halfback, Maul- 
betsch, was the offensive star, his grinding, 
smashing plunges through the Penn de- 
fense netting more ground than that made 
by any other single man on the Michigan 
offense. His gains were rendered posstble, 
however, by the effective work of the 
Varsity linemen in opening up holes in the 
Penn defense. Reimann, Cochran and Mc- 
Hale were especially effective in this par- 
ticular, shoving the Quaker forwards aside 
as Maulbetsch slashed by. Catlett was an- 
other offensive star, slippery end runs mak- 
ing his every attempt to gain a spectacular 
dash past the Penn tacklers. 

Splawn, though punting better than at 
any previous time this year, missed two at- 
tempts at drop-kicks. He and Hughitt had 
completely recovered from the injuries 
which rendered them ineffective at Har- 
vard, and both played strong games. Ben- 
ton and Staatz at ends were far better than 
the veterans who opposed them, Benton es- 
pecially starring all the way. 

The line-up : 

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Michigan (34) Pennsylvania (3) 

Benton L.E Hopkins 

Reimann L.T Henning 

McHale I..G. Norwald 

Raynsford (Capt) C ( Capt. ) Journcay 

Watson R.G Dorixas 

Cochran R.T Harris 

Lyons R.^ Urquhart 

Hughitt Q.B Merrill 

Maulbetsch L.H Vreeland 

Bastian R.H Matthew 

Splawn F.B Tucker 

Score: 1234 

Michigan o 20 14 o — 34 

Pennsylvania 3 o o — 3 

Touchdowns — Maulbetsch 2, Hughitt, Benton, 
Catlett. Goals from touchdown — Hughitt 4* 
Drop4cick — Matthew. Substitutions — Michigan, 
Staatz for Lyons, Catlett for Bastian, Huebel for 
Splawn, Bushnell for Catlett; Pennsylvania, 
Witherow for Norwald, Wray for Matthew, Mof- 
fatt for Vreeland, Seelbach for Urquhart, Koons 
for Seelbach, Norwald for Witherow, Russell for 
Henning, Avery for Tucker, Matthew for Moffat, 
Townsend for Harris, Moffat for Matthew. Ref- 
eree — Walter Eckersall, of Chicago. Umpire — 
David Fultz, of Brown. Field Judge— T. C. 
Holderness. of Lehigh. Head Linesman — ^Walter 
Okeson, ot Lehigh. Time of Quarters — 15 min- 


All the thrills of victory, then of thread- 
bare hope of a win, and finally of defeat, 
were combined in the game which closed 
the Michigan gridiron season on Ferry 
Field, when the veteran eleven from Cor- 
nell trotmced the Varsity wit^ a score of 
28 to 13. It was the ability of the ex- 
perienced, seasoned players from Ithaca to 
"come back" in the second half, which won 
them the^ heart-breaking^ victory. They 
sihowed this ability so convincingly that even 
the most enthusiastic Maize rooter was 
willing to admit that the winners were the 
better team. 

The Varsity started into this last game 
of the year with the same brilliant dash 
and attack which had characterized its 
play in the Penn clash, an(} the spurt gave 
Michigan a 13 to 6 lead for the first half. 
But this attack crumpled, and with it the 
defense, when the veteran Ithacans started 
their terrific, battering offense in the sec- 
ond half, an offense which first rolled back 
the Michigan defense, and then completely 
routed it. 

It was the fact that, at any time up to 
the middle of the final quarter, the Varsity 
might have gone out in front with a spurt, 
that gave to the game its thrills. Even 
after the visitors had scored three touch- 
downs, Michigan might have taken the 
lead by crossing the goal line and kicking 
the extra point, for the Cornell kickers were 
consecutively missing their attempts at 
kicking goal. But when the field-goal by 
Barrett and the dashing 58-jrard sprint for 
a touchdown by this same brilliant Comel- 
lian had robbed the Wolverines of their 

last hope, the game turned into a rout, and" 
the winners were marching to another 
touchdown when the final whistle blew. 

The brilliant work of Barrett on offense, 
the impregnable defense of Captain 
O'Hearn at end, and the concerted, smash- 
ing attack of the Cornell backs, featured 
the game played by the winners. Barrett's^ 
punting outclassed that of Splawn, while 
his slashing en<l runs time after time put 
his team within striking distance, and once 
took the ball over for a score from up in 
his own territory. 

In the words of Coach Yost, "Michigan 
lost her *gimp' in the second half." Rei- 
mann, Cochran and Staatz were helpless- 
before the concerted attack which the Cor- 
nell backs pounded at them, and succes- 
sive marches down the field for touch- 
downs resulted. Twice the Varsity rallied* 
and seemed about to retrieve their lost 
ground. Once they took the ball near the 
middle of the field and Maulbetsch pro- 
ceeded to smash his way through for 
consistent gains. This rally came just at 
the opening of the fourth quarter, Whtn- 
the score stood at Cornell 19, Michigan 13, 
with the chance for the Varsity to go- 
ahead with 7 points. But a forward pass 
to Catlett from Splawn went out of bounds- 
and the opportunity was gone. 

At another time a well-executed for- 
ward pass to Catlett, who had been con- 
cealed along the side-lines, netted a gain- 
of over 40 yards. Maulbetsch failed on 
two attempts to gain through the line, and 
when two tricks, one a forward pass and 
the other from a place-kick formation, 
failed, the ball went over to the Ithacans, 
and the last opportunity to make up lost 
ground was past. 

The Varsity's scores came early, and' 
seemed to prophesy the same kind of a 
Michigan victory which had humbled Penn* 
the week before. A fumbled punt by Bar- 
rett gave Michigan the ball far down in 
Cornell territory. A couple of line plunges- 
advanced the ball a short distance, and then 
the same kind of a double pass, ending in^ 
a forward heave, which had fooled Penn- 
sylvania, so demoralized the Cornellians 
that Staatz was able to take the ball while 
standing behind the Red goal line, and 
score the first touchdown. 

A long forward pass, Hughitt to Ben- 
ton, put the ball on the Cornell ii-yard line 
at the opening of the second quarter, and 
here Yost's now famous "talking play" put 
the ball over. In this play the Varsity 
lined up, only to seem to hesitate as Tommy 
Hughitt called a "change signals," and' 
started to walk back toward a new position. 
Off guard, the Cornellians were easy prey 
to the unexpected plunge of Maulbetsch, 
who dashed into their midst while Hughitt 

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was still talking ; and the Varsity had scor- 
ed thdr second and last touchdown. 

With the Coraellians leading the attack 
during most of the game, Michigan's de- 
fensive players were given a better chance 
to star than were the backs. Captain Rayns- 
ford, Cochran and Benton showed best of 
all. Hughitt and Maulbetsch were the chief 
cogs in the offense. During the brief time 
he was in at end, Dunne exhibited a spec- 
tacular strength. 

The line-up: 

Michigan (x35 CoraeU (a8) 

Benton L.E Shelton 

Rcimann L.T Gallogly 

McHale L.G Munsick 

Raynsford (Capt) C Ktihl 

WaUon R.G Anderson 

Cochran R.T Allan 

Staatx R.E (Capt) O'Heam 

Hughitt Q.B Barrett 

Manlbetach L.H Schuler 

Baatian R.H Collier 

Splawn F.B Hill 

Score: 1234 

Michigan 6 7 o 0—13 

Cornell o 6 13 9 — ^28 

Touchdowns — ^Maulbetsch, Staatz, Phillippi 3, 
Barrett. Goals from Touchdown — Hughitt, Col- 
lier. Drop-kick — Barrett. Substitutions — Michi- 
gan, Catlett for Bastian, Dunne for Benton; Cor- 
nell, Phillippi for Hill, Till^ for Munsick. Jame- 
son for Gaflogly, Hill for Phillippi, Phillippi for 
Schuler, McCutcneon for Anderson, Anderson for 
Tilley, Collins for Barrett, Schuler for Collier. 
Referee — ^Joseph Pembleton, of Bowdoin. Umpire 
— Lewis Hinkey, of Yale. Field Judge— J. C 
Holdemess, of t,ehi^h. Head Linesman — Lieut. 
Prince, of Army. Time of Quartera — 15 minutes. 


By their contested victory over the junior 
law team by the score of 2 to o> the team 
representing the sophomore lit class won 
the Campus football championship in the 
last game of the season, on November 20. 
Although a lit player later admitted that 
he had been responsible for a mistaken 
decision by the umpire which gave the game 
to his team, the class leaders refused to 
play the game over and the title therefore 
went to the 1917 men. 

The championship game brought to a 
close an unusually successful season, in 
which 13 teams contested in close to a 
half -hundred games. For the first time in 
the history of interclass athletics, a thor- 
ough coadhing system was in vognie, and 
many of the teams had the advantage of 
skilled teaching. More care was taken 
in the matter of keeping in condition and 
in practicing, the ultimate champions in 
particular showing their earnestness by 
appearing for practice every day during 
the season. 

The contested play which resulted in the 
safety came in the third quarter of the 
championship game after Thurston of the 

lits had punted close down to the law goal 
line. Rowan, playing back for his team, 
allowed the ball to bounce along, hoping 
that it would go over the goal line for a 
touchback. A scuffle occurred near the ball 
just before it became "dead" and Umpire 
Crawford ruled that Rowan had caused it 
to bounce behind the goal line, where the 
law player touched it down. The play was 
ruled a safety, but later Joslyn of the win- 
ners admitted that it was he who had 
knocked the ball back of the law goal. 
The line-up: 

Sophomore Lits (a) Junior Laws (0) 

Zimmerman L.E Eggers 

Muxzy L.T Ccmey 

Novy L.G. . ..Cooper, Lamoreaux 

Oglethorpe C Morse 

Newton, Reid, Holmes R.G Scott 

Daum, Preston R.T. . . Richardson, Thomas 

Joslyn R.E Ferguson 

Score: 1^34 

Sophomore Lits o o 2 o— a 

Junior Laws o o o — o 

Safetv — Rowan. Referee — Floyd Rowe. Um- 
pire — Walter Crawford. Field Judge — Harry 
Mead. Head Linesman — ^Wilson Shafer. Time of 
Quarters — 15 minutes. 


William D. Cochran and Ernest F. Hugh- 
itt won the most coveted post-season honors 
among Michigan's Varsity football play- 
ers, the former being chosen as captain of 
the 191S team, and the latter winning the 
Schulz-Heston trophy cup which each year 
goes to the man deemed most valuable to 
his team. 

The election of Cochran, right tackle on 
the igLj. Varsity, came at the time of the 
taking of the football picture. For the 
first time in many years, he was the unani- 
mous choice of his fellows, getting the fif- 
teen ballots on the formal vote. In the in- 
formal balloting but two other men had 
been named, each getting one vote apiece. 

Michigan's new captain starred on de- 
fense all durinp: the season just past, and 
was also effective in opening up holes for 
his backs. His home is in Houghton, Mich., 
where he played four years of prep, school 
football, working at center. Inasmuch as 
Yost loses his 1914 center through the grad- 
uation of Captain James Raynsford, it is 
more than likely that once more Michigan 
will be led on the field in 1915 by a center- 
captain. Ra3msford was a successor to 
Center "Bubbles" Paterson, the leader in 


Hughitt's winning of the Schulz-Heston 
cup marks the second year of its award, 
James B. Craig being the man to receive it 
in 1913. This year's holder was practically 
the tmanimous choice of the trophy com- 
mittee. Captain Raynsford coming second, 

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Maulbetsch third and Codiran fourth. Head 
Coach Yost, Assistant Coach "Oermany" 
Schulz, one of the famous Michigan ath- 
letes after whom Huston Brothers, the 
donors of the trophy, named the award, 
and Trainer Steve Farrell composed the 
award board, each voting for four men in 
the order of their choice. Hughitt was 
given two first and one third. 


In all the numerous selections of All- 
Western and All-American football teams 
which preceded the naming of the eleven 
generally conceded the highest place, that 
of Walter Camp of Yale, the name of 
Maulbetsch, left halfback on the 1914 Var- 
sity, was most generally accorded a place. 
He was practically the only Michigan play- 
er to be accorded first recognition, though 
several of the other players were given 
places on the "second" elevens. 

In the All- Western teams named by Wal- 
ter Eckersall of the Chicago Tribune, and 
G. W. Axelson of the Chicago Herald, 
Maulbetsch was placed at a halfback post 
Eckersall put Captain Raynsford at center 
^n his second team, giving Cochran a place 
at guard on the same eleven. Axelson 
named Hughitt as his second string quar- 
terback, putting him next to the whirlwind 
mini, Clark. 

Eastern critics, evidently impressed by 
Maulbetsch's showing against Harvard, 
have heen nearly unanimous in putting the 
Wolverine in their mjrthical backfields. The 
other Michigan players, however, have 
failed to get general recognition. 


Sixteen Varsity football players received 
the certificates which entitle them to the 
coveted gridiron "M", in the annual Mich- 
igan Union football smoker which was held 
in Waterman gymnasium on the Tuesday 
night following the Cornell game. The 
award was based mainly on participation 
in the Pennsylvania and Cornell games, 
those making the selections being Coach 
Yost, Captain James W. Raynsford, Trainer 
Steve Farrell and Graduate Director Phillip 
G. Bartelme. 

The award of the certificates came just 
at the close of the smoker at which nearly 
1500 rooters had been given their final 
chance to let loose with their yells for the 
1914 Varsity. Professor Ralph W. Aigler, 
of the Law Department, a member of the 
athletic board in control, made the award, 
calling each athlete to the platform to re- 
ceive his *'diploma" of gridiron merit. Cap- 
tain James W. Raynsford, Captain-elect 
Wiliam D. Cochran and the veteran Tom- 

my Hughitt came first, and were received 
enthusiastically, with Maulbetsch also being 
accorded deafening applause as he marched 
up. All of these men had to make short 
speeches to the insistent rooters before they 
were allowed to sit down. 

The sixteen who this year won the coveted 
letter were Captain Raynsford, Cochran, 
Hughitt, Catlett, Lyons, James, Bushnell, 
McHale, Dunne, Reimann, Watson, Staatz, 
Benton, Maulbetsch, Splawn, and Bastian. 

Of those who played ii^ the two final 
games, Huebel was the only man who did 
not win a letter, the selection committee 
ruling him out because of the fact that he 
had played in but a small number of games. 
James, veteran substitute end, was given an 
"M" although he did not play in either of 
the big home games. 

The big smoker was the occasion of one 
of the few public addresses which Coach 
Fielding H. Yost has made at Michigan, 
Refusing to get onto the platform, Yost 
stood out in front of the huge gathering 
and told what he thought of the men who 
had played for him this year, and what he 
thought of Michigan athletics. Not a sound 
save the coach's soft drawl sounded during 
that speech and when it was over he was 
given a reception which made even the 
roof-raising noise of the forepart of the 
celebration sound very small. 

"In all my years at Michigan I have 
never had to work with a more consci- 
entious, a more loyal and willing lot of 
men than those who have played this year," 
was the tribute which Yost paid to the 
1914 Varsity. 

"In every game which Michigan has play- 
ed in this and other years, her men have 
played clean, have played for the love of 
the sport and its good name," was the 
tribute he paid to Wolverine athletics. 

"This year we had green men. Next 
year we will have a more experienced 
team. It all depends, of course, on what 
the men do when they get out on the field, 
but prospects are bright now if the men 
work," was his prophecy for the season 
of 191 5. He said lots more that sank deep 
into the minds and hearts of those who 
listened to him, but these key-notes stood 
out above the rest. 

The smoker of November 17 marked 
the second thne that Michigan's football 
players have been given certificates entit- 
ling them to die Varsity letter. So success- 
ful has the practice proven that it is plan- 
ned to continue it, and the annual Michigan 
Union Smoker will be the occasion of the 

At this smoker Attorney Francis 'D. 
Eaman, '00, of Detroit, James Schermer- 
horn, publisher of the Detroit Times, Pro- 
fessor Robert E. Bunker, of the Law De- 

Digitized by 





partment of the University, and H. Beach 
Carpenter, '14, '17I, were the speakers. 
President P. Duffy Koontz, of the Union, 
acted as toastmaster, and lantern pictures 
of the players, with plenty of band music 
and singing, made the smoker an enthu- 
siastic ovation for the 1914 Varsity. 

On the morning of the smoker, announce- 
ment was made by the athletic officials of 
the pla3'ers who earned the football "R", 

although these men were given no special 
recognition the night of the celebration. 
Those who earned the letter this year were, 
Kohr, Morse, Huebel, Quail, McNamara, 
Roehm, Rehor, Millard, Norton, Miller, 
Graven, Davidson, Hildner, Cross, DePree, 
Zieger, Finkbeiner, Whalen, Johnson, WeHs, 
Campbell, Skinner, Niemann, Warner, 
Calvin, Cohen, Burney, Dratz, Cohn, and 
Don James. 


It is aimed in this section to frive a report of every action taken by the Regents of general interest. 
Routine financial business, appointments of assistants, small appropriations, and lists of degrees 
granted, are usually omitted. 

a special order, to be taken up at the next 
meeting of the Board.— The title of Dr. C 
G. Darling was changed from Clinical Pro- 
fessor of Surgery to Professor of Surgery. 
This change is the result of a request on 
the part of Dr. C. B. de Nancrede that he 
be relieved of some of the work as 'head 
of the surgical department of the Medical 
School and Hospital.— The Board passed a 
vote of thanks to Edward J. Marshall, a 
graduate of the University, now a lawyer 
of Toledo, O., for the gift of a very valu- 
able and rare work on corporations, writ- 
ten in 1659. toy William Sh^eard— J. E. 
Howell, a graduate from the Law School 
in 1870, has presented the University with 
a four and a half-inoh refracting telescope, 
six feet long, for the University Observa- 
tory. This gift is a very valuable one.— The 
Board authorized the printing of 150 copies 
of the records of the proceedings of the 
University Regents from the year 1837, 
when the University was establislhedi, till 
1864, when the first Regents Proceedings 
were printed and filed away. This makes 
available every act of every Board since 
the first meeting in 1837.— Professor 
Henry C. Adams was granted a leave of 
absence, for the first semester of 1915-16, 
that he might return to China and com- 
plete^ the work in unifying the govern- 
ment's ' transportation system. — A vote of 
thanks was extended to the following, all but 
one of whom are Detroit men, for the fund, 
collected through Charles L. Moore, which 
will enable the University to contribute a 
sufficient sum to the American Academy 
in Rome to maintain its membersihip there- 
in : Charles Moore, Hon. Levi L. Barbour, 
A. C. Bloomfield, R. D. Chapin, Edwin Den- 
by, D. M. Ferry, Jr., Charles L. Freer, Wil- 
liam Gray, J. C. Hutchins, C. A. Lightner, 
Judge W. M. Murphy, Elliott Slocum and 
William Savidge, all of Detroit, and Robert 
W. Hemphill, Jr., Ann Arbor.- Mrs. Theo- 
dore H. Buhl, of Detroit, again contributed 


The following report is not complete, as the 
proceedings of the meeting were not drawn up 
until after the time of going to press. Further 
notice of this meeting will be given in the Janu- 
ary number of The Alumnus. 

The Board met in the Regents* Room at 
10:00 A. M., November 24, with the Presi- 
dent, Regents Beal, Leland, Clements, Bulk- 
ley, Hubbard, Sawyer, Gore and Superin- 
tendent of Public Instruction Keeler pres- 
ent. Absent, Regent Hanchett. — The Board 
aut^iorized the revision of the schedule of 
salaries in the Literary Department and the 
academic courses in the Engineering De- 
partment, made possible by the re-equali- 
zation of the property in the State and the 
addition of $192,000 to the income of the 
University, as noted on page 117. — Mr. J. C. 
Christensen, at present Assistant Secretary 
of the University, was appointed Purchas- 
ing Agent in place of Mr. C. L. Loos, whose 
resignation takes effect January i, 191 5. — 
The Regents set aside $18,000 for the elec- 
trification of the track running from the 
Michigan Central depot to the new Power 
Plant. — ^Vera Burridge, of Ohrcago, and 
Irene Litohmann, of Philadelphia, were ap- 
pointed to two Henry -Strong Scholarships, 
each carrying a yearly stipend of $250. — 
The petition relative to establi-shing mili- 
tary training at Michigan was laid on the 
table for the present. — The Board estab- 
lished for the Graduate Department the 
same rules that are in effect in the under- 
graduate departments, concerning the pay- 
ment of an additional fee of $5.00 for late 
registration. — F. W. Peterson was appoint- 
ed an instructor in EngHsh in the Engi- 
neering Department for one semester dur- 
ing the leave of absence of Mr. DeFoe. — 
Dean M. E. Cooley reported a gift from 
the American Vulcanized Fiber company, 
of Wilmington, Del., of some of its pro- 
ducts. — The matter of establishing a de- 
monstration or model school, in connection 
with the education department, was made 

Digitized by 





$500 to maintain the Buhl classical fellow- 
ship for the year 1914-15. — Bryant Walker, 
of Detroit, agreed to continue, at his ex- 
pense, the publication of the occasional 
papers of the Department of Zoology. Four 
of these papers have been published during 
the past year, and two others are in press 
at this time, while one more is ready for 
the printer. — The Board authorized the re- 
fund of the $5.00 athletic fee to 14 stu- 
dents who haa petitioned to be relieved of 
that expense. — The acceptance of the op- 
tion in the Science Building contract, pro- 
viding for the fini^ing of the fourth floor, 
was authorized. — The stun of $400 was ap- 
propriated for the entertainment of the 
Y. M. C. A. State Boys' Conference and 
the sum of $5,000 was added to the book 

fund for the General Library. — The 
Board authorized the presentation of the 
Michigan Union opera this year in Hill 
Auditorium, provided that such use will 
not, in the opinion of the Superintendent 
of Buildings and Grounds, and the archi- 
tect of the building, in any manner injure 
the stage of the Auditorium. — ^The annual 
report of the University Treasurer was 
presented and accepted. — ^The degree of 
Chemical Engineer was voted to W. W. 
Taylor of the class of 1893, now of Lynch- 
burg, Va.— Wright Austin Gardner, of 
Tahlequah, Okla., was appointed to the 
Whittier Fellowship in Botany, -with a 
yearly stipend of $400.— The Board then 
adjourned, to meet on December 22, 1914, 
at 10:00 A. M. 


In this department will be found news from organizations, rather than individuals, amons the 
alumni. Letters sent us for publication by individuals will, however, generally appear in this column. 


The smoker given by the New England 
Association on the eve of the Harvard 
game, which is described elsewhere, was 
under the general charge of William T. 
Whedon, '81, of Norwood, Mass., and E. R. 
Hurst, '13, Secretary of the Club, aided by 
W. R. Holmes, e'o7-'io, W. J. Montgomery, 
H. C. Weare, *g6e, L. E. Daniels, '11, 
F.' D. Shenk, '03^, Merrill S. June, '12I, and 
George C. Pratt, 'gye. 

The Club held its regular monthly din^ 
ner at the Boston City Club on December 
5. The weekly luncheons are continued for 
the present year each Wednesday noon at 
the Rathskellar of the New American 

E. R. Hurst, Secretary. 


The second annual banquet of the Alumni 
Association for the State of Alabama, was 
held in the private dining room of the 
Newspaper Club, Birmingham, Ala., at 
eight o'clock, on the evening of the four- 
teenth of November. 

The program of the dinner was the cul- 
minating part of a day that was full of in- 
teresting events for the Men of Michigan. 
Our celebration began at 1 130 in the after- 
noon, when eighteen of us gathered at the 
Hillman Hotel, to shake "tends, and don 
our colors. The official colors were at- 
tached to the lapels of each man. And in 
machines, flying the Maize and Blue, we 
went out to the game. The game staged, 
was between Auburn, the Southern cham- 
pions, and our "kinsfolk," Vanderbilt. Mc- 

Lane Tilton, Jr., '00/, probably the best 
known alumnus in the State, was host to 
our party at the game. It was a good 
event and every one of the eighteen attend- 
ing, from Major Pettibone, '59, to the last 
man from above the Mason-Dixon line, sat 
through the drizzling rain and watched 
Coach McGugin's men, crippled as they 
were, hold the strong Alabama Plainmen to 
a hard earned 6-0 victory. "A dry field!" 
is all that Dan would say. 

At the game, with a six-foot banner, set- 
ting out "Michigan" in yellow on the blue 
background, stretched across our boxes, we 
attracted Mr. Scott, '78, of Duluth, Minn., 
to our fold. It was a pleasure to have hhn 
with us. Then, between halves and after 
the game, we had Mr. McGugin as a visitor. 
We returned to the city and lounged 
around the Club rooms, trying to figure out 
the "why" of the Cornell score, till the time 
set for the banquet. No satisfactory an- 
swer was reached. 

There are about sixty eligible Michigan 
men in the State of Alabama. There were 
twenty-two at the banquet, a good percent- 
age. The following program was given, 
with words from several of the others 

Introduction of Toastmaster, Mr. Henry Geismer, 
'q7c — President, Mr. McLane Tilton, 'ool. Pell 

The Michigan Union — Mr. J. L. Cox, '12, Bir- 

Michigan's Influence in the South — Mr. Hugh 
McElderry, '981, Talladega. 

Michigan and Ann Arbor in the '50's — Major A. 
H. Pettibone, '59, Birmingham. 

Michigan and Athletics — Coach McGugin, '04I, 
Nashville, Tenn. 

Digitized by 





The Opporttmity Presented for Michigan Men in 
Alabama — Dean A. J. Farrah, •85-*86, JoSl, 
Law Department, University of Alabama, lias- 

Coach McGugin was the guest of honor 
at the dinner, and his responses to the 
steady flow of questions from the men fur- 
nished the life of the dinner period. 

Preceding the pr(»ram, the business 
meeting was held The officers for the 
next year were elected, as fallows: presi- 
dent, Mr. H. S. Gcismer, '97^; vice-presi- 
dent, Mr. C. B. Davis, 'oie; and secretary, 
Mr. H. F. Pelham, '11, '13/. The secretary 
was instructed to appoint a committee of 
two, who with himself, were ordered to 
draw up resolutions on the death of Robert 
Emmett Nolan, '11/, whose death in New 
York City on the 23rd of September, last, 
took from us the founder of our associa- 
tion^ and a friend of the first water. 

It was voted not to invite and attempt to 
entertain the Glee Club this coming Christ- 
mas season, due to the announcements that 
Birmingham is to have the Alabama, Au- 
burn and Yale clubs during the Holi<lays. 
A vote of thanks was given, standing, to 
Mr. Tilton for his entertainment of the 

The Banquet. Mr. McLane Tilton, the 
president, proposed a silent toast to Presi- 
dent Wilson, — we all belong to the "Solid 
South*' down here — and then one was ten- 
dered to the memory of Robert Emmett 
Nolan. Mr. H. S. Geismer was introduced 
to the gathering as the toastmaster of the 
occasion, and responded by calling on each 
man to arise after his name was called 
and acknowledge the same by bowing. And 
things started there. Cares and worries, 
pontics and 7c cotton, war and the Cornell 
score, were all forgotten — Ann Arbor was 
the situs of our minds. The orchestra 
played "The Victors," and we drowned the 
Airf)um cheers of the main dining room, 
with ours for "Meechigun." And when 
"The Yellow and Blue" was sung as we 
stood, the dancers of the auditorium stop- 
ped to witness our tribute to our Alma 

Major Pettibone, '59, told us of the es- 
capades of his day and of his two political 
victories over "Bob" Taylor for Congress, 
from Tennessee. His interest, both at the 
game and at the banquet, made us younger 
men realize that the love for Ann Arbor 
grows as does the number of years that 
pass, after we leave the banks of the 

Those present were: 

D. E. Lowell, 'oSe, Annlston; Professor C. L. 
Hare, A,M. '03, Auburn; Major A. H. Pettibone, 
'59; H. W. Taylor, *96p; H. S. Geismer, '97e; 
Dr. Cabot Lull, Jr., 'opm; C B. Daris, 'oie; 
Judge J. T. Stokely. roo-'oi: C J. Dougherty, 
'02I; R. E. Butler, e*03-*04; H. E. Gallup, e'o6- 

'xo; Dugald Gordon, e'o6-'o9; R. £. Burg, 'lie; 
J. L. Cox, '12; H. F. Pelham, *ii. 'ijl; M. W. 
Fuhrer, '14; and N. L. Smith, '14, all of Bir- 
mingham; McLane Tilton, Jr., 'col, and W. B. 
Goodenow. '12, '141, of Pell City; H. L. Mc- 
Elderry, *981, Talladega; Dean A. J. Farrah, 
'84-'85, '96I, Tuscaloosa; and Coach Dan Mc- 
Gugin, *04l, Nashville, Tenn. 

With promises for next year and a re- 
newing of our wishes for the continued 
success of the University and pledges of 
loyalty, we closed with the ever-new "The 
Yellow and Blue." 

The Alumni of the First State 
in the Union. 

The Secretary. 


The Alabama Association of Alumni of 
the University of Michigan, in annual meet- 
ing gathered, by motion duly made, sec- 
onded and unanimously carried, ordered 
its committee to draw up resolutions on the 
death of its founder, Mr. Robert Emmett 
Nolan, and to send a copy of them to the 
parents of the deceased, and to spread a 
copy on the minutes of the organization. 

Your committee reports as follows : — 
Resolutions on the Death op 
Robert Emmett Nolan. 

Whereas, this Association is the result 
of the untiring efforts of our fellow mem- 
ber and alumnus, Robert Emmett Nolan, 
of the Law Class of Nineteen Hundred and 
Eleven, and, 

Whereas, since our first meeting, he has 
been called from among us to appear be- 
fore the Higher Court, and we have lost in 
his departure, a friend and associate, and 
one whose efforts will ever be an inspira- 
tion to us; 

Be It Therefore Resolved, That, as a 
tribute to the memory of Robert Emmett 
Nolan, and expression of sorrow over his 
death, these resolutions be adopted. 

And Be It Further Resolved, That a 
copy of these resolutions be sent to the 
parents of Robert Enmiett Nolan, and that 
a copy of the same be sent to The Mich- 
igan Ai<umnus for publication therein, and 
that a copy be spread on the minutes of 
this organization. 

The Alabama AssoaATiON op the 
Alumni op the University op Mich- 
igan, BY (signed), 

H. F. Pelham, 
Charles J. Dougherty, 
Cabot Lull, Jr. 

Its Committee. 

Dated at Birmingham, Alabama, this, the 
Fourteenth day of November, Nineteen 
Hundred and Fourteen. 

Digitized by 






Michigan men in Colorado Springs met 
at noon on October 31 in the office of Mr. 
Otis, where a buffet luncheon was 
served and reports of the Harvard gam€ 
received play by play over a special wire. 
Several alumni of other universities who 
were interested in the game were also in- 
vited to be present 

Those in attendance were : 

Mr. Backus; Frederic L. Sherwin, '92; 
Mr. Richmond; David P. Strickler, 'oil; Her- 
bert W. Fox, '92-*93; Robert J. Brennan, '89-*9^i 
Frederic C. Locklin, '03d; Charles H. Dudley, 
•861; Albert C. Pearson, '76; Frederick J. Flagg. 
•95I: Vernon C. Randolph. '07I, 'o4-'os; David 
P. Mayhew, '93, '96m; Clement R. Flannigan, 
'11; Arthur S. Brodhead; Messrs. Charles 
Punchard, H. F. Lunt, Knowlton, Hager, and 
Waldo, of Harvard; Guerdon Price and Harold 
Ingersoll, of Dartmouth; W. A. Burke, of New 
York University and H. G. Cogsdill, of M. A. C. 

Frederick J. Flagg. 


University of Michigan graduates met at 
the New Kimball Hotel in Davenport on 
the evening of Saturday, October 31, and 
organized the University of Michigan Tri- 
City Alumni Association, drawing its mem- 
bership from the cities of Davenport, la., 
Rock Island, 111., Moline and East MoHne, 
111. These furnish a combined population 
of 150,000, and it is estimated that there 
are about seventy-five Michigan alumni in 
the district. Officers were elected as fol- 
lows: president, Ira R. Tabor, '91/, of 
Davenport; secretary-treasurer, Charles S. 
Pryor, '13/, of Davenport. It is planned to 
hold another get-together supper in the 
near future. 

Charles S. Pryor, 


James K. Watkins, '09, formerly Rhodes 
Scholar at Oriel College, Oxford, spoke at 
the regular Wednesday luncheon of the 
Detroit University of Michigan Club on 
November 11, discussing some features of 
English university life. On November 25, 
Mr. Francis Paulus, a well known artist of 
Detroit, who has spent the greater part of 
his time for the last fifteen years in Bel- 
gium, and knows intimately the theatre of 
the European war, spoke on some of the 
features of the situation, and on the fol- 
lowing Wednesday, Hon. Charles E. Town- 
send, '77-'78, United States Senator from 
Michigan, was the guest of the Club, and 
speaker of the day. 


The Association of University of Mich- 
ipran Women held its annual election on 
November 21. The following officers were 

chosen for the ensuing year: president, 
Grace G. Millard, '97; iirst vice-president. 
Dr. Florence Huson, '85m; second vice- 
president, Julia L. Stott, '09; secretary, 
Genevieve K Duffy, '93, A.M^ '94; treas- 
urer, Florence G. EHllon, '04. The Board 
of Directors consists of Alice L. Currie, 
*07; Kate A. Hopper, '94; Elizabeth I. 
Hayner, '10, and Mrs. Warren J. Vinton, 
'09, A.M. '10 (Dorothea Jones.) 

The Detroit Branch of the Association of 
Collegiate Alumnae entertained Governor 
Ferris at dinner on December 4. He spoke 
on '^Reformatories for Women in Michi- 
gan." The Association of Collegiate 
Alumnae includes in its membersfhip grad- 
uates of all the leading colleges in the 
country. Mrs. William 'E. Thompson, '94, 
A.M. '05, (Mary Duffy,) is president of 
the Association, and alumnae of the Uni- 
versity of Michigan have always taken a 
prominent part in the organization. 

Genevieve K. Duffy, 


The annual dinner of the University of 
Michigan Alumni Association of tiie 
Hawaiian Islands was held at the Oahu 
Country Club, Honolulu, on the evening 
of October 31, 1914. Nineteen men sat 
down about the 'huge round table, which 
had been beautifully decorated with yel- 
low chrysanthemums and blue chiffon by 
a committee of ladies, consisting of Mrs. 
F. T. P. Waterhouse, Mrs. C. W. Ashford, 
Mrs. E. W. Sutton, Miss Hatch and Mrs. 
Wade Warren Thayer. A quintette club 
of Hawaiian singing boys furnished music 
during the dinner, and with their accom- 
paniment the old Michigan songs were 
given with more than the usual vim. 

The following were elected as officers 
of the association for the ensuing year: 
Ckorge P. Castle, *72^'73f president ; Arthur 
F. Thayer, '93-'94, secretary; Ranney C. 
Scott, '88-'89, *»'89-'92, treasurer. 

The special feature of the evening was 
the singing of Dr. E. M. Kennedy, 'iirf, 
now stationed at Schofidd Barracks, Oahu. 
I>r. Kennedy's rendering of the new foot- 
ball songs and yells brought down the 
house. Those present at the dinner were: 
Hon. Clarence W. Ashford, *8ol, recently 
appointed First Judge of the First Circuit 
Court, by President Wilson; George P. 
Castle, '72-*73; A. L. C. Atkinson, '98/; K. 
Ishida, *07; Alexander Lindsay, Jr., '02/; 
Vitaro Mitamura, *ogm; Wm. L. Moore, 
'90m; E. White Sutton, '04/; Ranney C. 
Scott, *88-'89, w'89-'92: Wade Warren 
Thayer, '95, '96/; F. T. P. Waterhouse, 
'88-'90, *9i-'94; A. C. Wheeler. '03^; Ar- 
thur F. Thayer, *93-'94; Richard Quinn, 

Digitized by 





*94^; Captain H. J. Hatch, '91^; Lieut. E. 
D. Kremers, *ojm; Dr. C C Demmer, 
'06m; R. S. Heath, *07<?; !>. E. M. Ken- 
nedy, *iid; Dr. W. L. Reesman, 'oge. 

Arrangements were made for the enter- 
tainment of Dean C. Worcester, '89, ScD. 
'14, -who expects to be in Honolulu in De- 
cember on his way to Manila, and will give 
several lectures here on his experiences in 
the Philippines. A dinner in honor of Dr. 
Worcester will be given at the University 

Wadb Warren Thayer. 


The University of Michigan Alumni As- 
sociation of Lima, organized a year ago, 
and now numbering almost one hundred 
members, held its second annual meeting 
at the Lima Club, Thursday, November 
10. Officers were elected for the coming 
year and two amendments were made to 
the constitution. 

Judge Theodore D. Robb, Mayor of 
Lima, was elected honorary president of 
the Association for life. The officers for 
the year were elected as follows: 

Judge Martin L. Becker, '72}, president. 
Dr. Oliver S. Stdner, *oim, vice-president. 
Ralph P. Mackenzie, 'iil, secretary. 
Fred E. Gooding, '10, treasurer. 
W. B. Kirk, ^71, member alumni advisory 

The following were chosen as members 
of the Executive Committee: 

Christian P. Morris, '11; Dr. Paul J. Stueber, 
*i2m; Dan R. Triplehom, 'iil; Branson H. 
Holmes, 'o4-*o6; Donald F. Melhom, '11, '14I, of 
Kenton. Hardin Co., Ohio: James P. Leasure, 
'89I, of Ottawa, Putnam Co., Ohio; Lewis F. 
Stout, '08I, of Wapakoneta, Auglaize Co., Ohio. 

The ftrst amendment to the Constitution 
was in regard to the membership. Accord- 
ing to the Constitution, as adopted in 1913, 
all University of Michigan men having at- 
tended the University for one year in good 
standing, residing in Lima and vicinity 
were eligible. As amended all Universi^ 
of Michigan men having attended the Uni- 
versity for one year in good standing re- 
siding in Hardin, Auglaize, Van Wert, Put- 
nam and Allen Counties, are eligible for 
membership in the University of Michigan 
Alumni Association of Lima. It was 
agreed, however, that as more than fifty per 
cent of the members reside in LinKi, the 
name of the organization should remain 
the same. 

The second amendment of the Constitu- 
tion increased the number of the members 
of the Executive Committee from four to 
eight with a provision that at least one 
member should be chosen from each of 
the counties represented in the organization. 
With the exception of a member from Van 

Wert County, the members of this Com- 
mittee were chosen at this meeting. 

It was further decided at the meeting 
that a banquet be given by the Association 
early in the year, the details to be worked 
out by the Executive Committee. 

Ralph P. Mackenzie, 


With but a few days of preparation, a 
successful meeting of Michigan alumni was 
held on the day of the Harvard-Michigan 
game, October 31, at Muskogee, Oklahoma. 
It was the first time in eight years that a 
meeting of Michigan men had been at- 
tempted, but so hearty was the response to 
the call that it was decided to hold regular 
meetings in the future, to which alumni 
from surrounding towns will be invited. 

During the afternoon, reports of the 
progress of the game were received. A 
banquet was served at the Severs Hotel at 
seven o'clock, with Bert E. Nussbaum, '96/, 
as toastmaster. Toasts were responded to 
as follows: "The Original Law Faculty," 
Charles Wheeler, '82/; "The Medical Fac- 
ulty," Dr. E. H. Troy, '91W, of Mc- 
Alester, Okla.; **Michigan Football Con- 
quests," E. A. de Meules, /'oi-'oj; "Our 
Duty to Alma Mater," Glenn Akorn, '12/; 
'^Michigan's Influence," John A. Bel ford, 
'03/, of Okmulgee, Okla.; "Michigan and 
Harvard as Rivals," H. A. Leekley, Har- 
vard, '97. The dinner was interspersed 
with Michigan yells and songs, that were 
responded to with great enthusiasm. Let- 
ters of regret were read from alumni un- 
able to attend. Those present in addition 
to those above mentioned were: George 
C. Ackers, '04/, C. A. Ambrister, /'o7-'o8, 
H. L. Armstrong, '12/, Dr. Leo E. Bennett, 
'80m, W. H. Caudill, '10/, Ezra Branerd, 
'04/, W. S. Cochrane, '05/, Carl H. Cooper, 
A.M. '97, Ph.D. '01, J. L. deGroot, '02/, 
Judge John H. King, '03/, J. Prewitt Nel- 
son, '11, William Hinton, /'io-'i2, Fred S. 
Zick, '11/. 

B. E. Nussbaum. 


The Michigan men of Omaha congregat- 
ed at the University Club on October 31 
and received the reports of the Harvard 
game by special wire. We rooted hard for 
old Michigan and it was the unanimous 
opinion of everyone that in view of the 
splendid showing made, the team deserves 
another chance at Harvard. 

On November 5, Dr. R. M. Wenley was 
in the city, speaking before the Palimpset 
Club and the Nebraska State Teachers' con- 
vention. A number of the local alumni 

Digitized by 





met him at the University Club at luncheon 
and greatly enjoyed a talk which he made 
on University affairs in general. 

C. E. Paulson, Secretary. 


On Saturday, November 21, the Alumnae 
Association of Pasadena held its regular 
meeting at the home of Mrs. Ralph W. 
Bailey, '00. A delightful luncheon was 
served, the following members being pres- 
ent: Mrs. John D. Mersereau, '81; Mrs. 
Emma G. Grossman, '95; Mrs. Mabel T. 
Butler, '01; Mrs. Clayton R. Taylor, '92; 
Mrs. Harold H. Clark, '02; Mrs. Edward 
F. Parker, '05; Dr. Alice C. Brown, '97^; 
Fannie E. Henion, '03; Isabella A. Cass, 
*os; and Miss King. After luncheon 
the annual ekction was held, resulting in 
the choice of the following officers: presi- 
dent, Mrs. Clayton R. Taylor; secretary, 
Dr. Alice Brown; chairman of the utility 
committee, Mrs. John D. Mersereau. The 
treasurer's report showed a satisfactory 
balance in bank to begin the new year. 
After the business meeting, old memories 
were revived by means of unmarked pic- 
tures cut from back numbers of The 
Ai^uMNUS, the identity of which were to 
be guessed. The pictures included Uni- 
versity Hall, members of the Faculty, foot- 
ball teams and Glee Club pictures, and 
thirty-eight out of a possible forty-eijght 
were successfully identified by Miss King, 
(with suggestions from all others present). 
AucB C. Brown, Secretary. 


The San Francisco Alumni started the 
day of the Harvard game by sending the 
following telegram to James W. Rayns- 
ford, Captain Michigan Footblall Team, 
Cambridge, Mass. 

"San Francisco Alumni want you to get 
'em, play low, fast, fight, smash that line, 
win for Michigan. 

San Francisco Alumni." 

At 11:30 A. M. the following members 
gathered at the Hof Brau Restaurant in 
the room regularly used for the Michigan 
Weekly Wednesday Luncheons, and signed 
the roll in the following order : 

C. R. Wright, ' 1 2I; L. C. Anderson. '08I; C W. 

"- - - ' ir, '16; W. B. Gilbert, 

Inman Sealby, '13!: C. 

Braddock, (Pcnn.) *io; 

'07; VV. H. Barrows, 
'75^; J. M. Davey; 
rk Clement, '14I; Ros- 
•ray, 'iil; J. R. Ober, 
: Austin D. Rouse; 
?. D. Wiseman, '88p; 
P. Fuller, »io; V. R. 
r. Reid, 'ill; R. S. 
f, *o5e; M. H. Gregg. 
'14; E. Russell, *i2; 

C. Hill, '13I; S. S. 

I^awrcnce, 'ize; B. B. Fallon, '13; E. W. Mullen; 
L. Stocking, '70; C. W. Mack, *o8m; Chas. 
A. Devlin, '96d; A. Everett Ball, '69I; W. W. 
McNair, '87!; H. G. Cobum. '88; C. R. Cor- 
busier, V-'gi ; W. H. Shafroth, '14; L. H. 
Duschak, '04 ; Alanson Weeks, '99m ; G. Chizum, 
'14; V. H. Herbert. 

During lunch "Si" Lawrence and Ber- 
nard Fallon officiated at the megaphone and 
announced the plays as they came over the 
wire from the seat of war. Billy Shaf- 
roth, our official yell leader, contested every 
second of the time with the announcers and 
kept things moving, and between halves 
played Michigan's repertoire of old and 
new songs, with full choruses to all of 
them by the assembled company. President 
John B. Clayberg presided, an<i after the 
game was over introduced Judge W. B. 
Gilbert, '72, who strongly urged Michigan 
men to hold together by regular reunions, 
and spoke of what Portland, Oregon, was 
doing in that respect by meeting once a 
week. W. H. Barrows, '72/, followed and 
reviewed the work of Michigan Alumni in 
San Francisco and proposed plans for an 
annual dinner. Professor H. K. Bassett, 
of Columbia, gave a very clear idea of the 
plans formulated by the various alumni 
associations, for the purpose of meeting in 
San Francisco during 1915, which met with 
warm approval. 

Football players of a few years ago were 
represented by Dr. Alanson Weeks, 'ggm, 
and more recent times by "Si" Lawrence, 
of Michigan, and H. Braddock, of Penn. 
The latter revived many pleasant recollec- 
tions during his recital of hard fought 
battles between Pennsylvania and Michigan. 

The Dean of Michigan alumni in San 
Francisco, A. Everett Ball, '69, touched a 
responsive chord when the declared: "We 
young fellows have got to stick together 
and stay with the game." 

Song books supplied by the Michigan 
Union enabled all to join in the singing and 
"The Yellow and Blue" is now well es- 
tablished on the Pacific Coast. 

The day was brought to a close by the 
following wire to Captain Raynsford, 
Michigan Union, Ann Arbor, Michigan: 

**Tell your men fifty Michigan Alumni in 
San Francisco followed you play by play, 
were with you in spirit from start to finish. 
You played a splendid game, we are proud 
of you, our loyalty to Michigan is stronger 
than ever. 

San Francisco Alumni Association." 
By Inman Sealby, 



No meetings were held by the Seattle 
Association during the summer, but a 
series of noon day luncheons are now being 

Digitized by 





given on the first Friday of each month at 
the College Men's Club. At these meet- 
ings it is planned to give short addresses 
on such topics as will be of particular in- 
terest to Michigan men. 

F. S. Haia, Secretary. 


The alumni of Sioux City met on the 
evening of October 31, at 6:30, in the Com- 
mercial Club Cafe. The following were 
present : 

R. M. Dott, *84l; Kenneth G. Silliman, '12I; 
Peter Balkema, '13I; D. C Browning, '05I; Ross 
M. Coomer, 'ose; Charles M. Finley, e*oi-'o2; 
Robin I*. Hamilton, '12; Dr. Grant J. Ross, 
m'65-'66; Dr. John H. Lawrence, *S8m; Ross 
M. Coomer, *o5e; Jacob Courshon; Jacob F. 
Kass, '95! ; William J. Kass, 'oil, all of Sioux 
City; John C Peterson, '13, I<e Mars; Professor 
B. H. Masselink, Professor of Dentistry in the 
University of Transvaal, Pretoria, South Africa; 
A. J. Kofyn, 'lal. Orange Qty; Cbarlea H. Puck- 
ctt, '84I, Rock Rapids; William T. Kidd, '98I, 
Akron ; George H. Wooton, *o6d, Akron ; Clarence 
A. Plank, '941, Ha warden; Henry C Feddcrsen, 
'o7-'98. r99-*oi, button; Theodore J. Drees, 'osl, 

After dinner at a well decorated table, 
an<i after singing "The Yellow and the 
Blue," and giving some good U. of M.'s 
and a Locomotive or two, we read the 
Western Union report of the game play 
by play. To go with this report we had 
prepared an ei^ht foot paper chart sdiowing 
the gridiron with all the plays made in the 
game. The chart was well made, and when 
followed at the same time with the readr 
ing of the report, it was the next best thing 
to seeing the real game. As we followed 
the progress of the game, we cheered vig- 
orously when our boys were marching 
down the Harvard territory, and groaned 
convincingly when the Crimson gained. 

Following this, R. M. Dott, '84/, told us 
about the two Michigan-Harvard games in 
the early eighties that he played in. Then 
we took up the matter of organization, 
electing Mr. Dott president, Clarence A. 
Plank, '94/, vice-president, Kenneth G. Sil- 

liman, *i2l, secretary and Peter Balkema, 
*I3/, treasurer. It was voted to 'have a 
monthly dinner, the date to be decided later 
by the president and secretary. 

Dr. Ross, Dr. Lawrence and Mr. Puck- 
ett gave talks on "How I Happened to Go 
to Michigan." Mr. Plank spoke on Mich- 
igan spirit, and suggested that the families 
of members be invited to some of the 
monthly dinners because they had as much 
Michigan spirit as if they had attended the 
University. This suggestion will be fol- 
lowed out. A. J. Kolyn talked on the sub- 
ject, ''Why I went to Ann Arbor to study 
law," and Professor Masselink spoke on 
"Michigan men in South Africa and South 
African men in Michigan. 

The first monthly dinner was held on 
Thursday, November 19, at the Martin 
Hotel. Dinners will be held regularly on 
the third Thursday of every month at the 
Martin Hotel. Kenneth G. SauMAN, 


The University of Michigan alumnae in 
Washington, D. C, gave a tea dance on the 
afternoon of Novemher 7 at the Rocham- 
beau, which was attended by about seventy- 
five graduates of the University and their 
frien-ds. Miss Jessie Herriott and Mr. 
Charles Morgan gave exhibitions of some 
of the latest dances during the afternoon. 
The committee in charge of arrangements 
consisted of: Angle M. Beckwith, '04, 
Clara H. Hasse, '03, Nellie A. Brown, '01, 
Florence Hedi^es, '01, Phebe A. Howell, '89, 
Clara O. Jamieson, '01, A.M. '05, Karoline 
Klager, *oo, and Ruth C. Greathouse, '09, 
A.M. 'la Among the patronesses were 
Mrs. John A. Watling, Mrs. Lyman F. 
Kebler, Mrs. Charles W. Burrows, Mrs. 
Daniel A. Edwards, Mrs. Charles H. 
Greathouse, '82, A.M. '83, Mrs. Elmer E. 
Paine, Mrs. Charles A. Davis, Mrs. Harry 
O. Hine, *92-'93, Mrs. Otho Beall, 'oo-'o2, 
Mrs. William J. Myers. 

Karounb KtAGER. 


Announcements of marriages should be mailed to the Secretary of the Alumni Association. When 
newspaper clippings are sent, be sure that the date and place are stated. Distinguish between date 
of paper and date of event recorded. 

1907. George Hans Kuhn, '07^, to Arvilla 
Robinson, November 14, 1914, at 
Sault Ste. Marie, Canada. Address, 
752 Wellington Ave., Chicago, 111. 

1908. George Arthur Kelly, '08/, '04-*05, to 
Noan Arlyne Forsjrth, November 24, 
1914, at Detroit, Mich. Address, 42J5 
Aldine Ave., Chicago, III. 



Leo Crane Kugel, '08, to Amelia 
Helene Bock, November 12, 1914, at 
Sandusky, Ohio. Address, 929 
Wayne St., Sandusky, Ohio. 
Helen C. Gable, '09, to Edgar Wood- 
bury Bowen, *io, November 18, 1914, 
at Germantown, Ohio. Address, 
1 145 Woodward Ave., Detroit, Mich. 

Digitized by 





1909. Dorothea Kneeland, '09, to Frank 
1912. Willard Tufts, 'o8-'i2, h'09-*i2, No- 
vember 21, 1914, at Ann Arbor, Mich. 
Address, 93 Hague Ave., Detroit, 

1910. Ralph Hinsdale Goodale, '10, to 
Hazel Litchfield, (Eureka College, 
'13,) August 25, 1914. Address, 
Hiram, Ohio. 

1911. Lora Wilhelmine Hall, '11, to Carl 
191 1. William Schumann, '11^, November 

3, 1914, at Owosso, 'Mich. Address, 
1228 Sedgwick St, Chicago, 111. Franz 
W. Fischer, '12^, of Chicago, served 
as best man. 

1911. Arthur Campbell Scates, '11/, to 
Josephine Grobety, November 11, 
1914. Address, Dodge City, Kansas. 

1912. Harry Shook Blossom, 'i2h, to Abby 
E. Copeman, October 12, 1914, Ad- 
dress, State Hospital, Middletown, 

1912. Claud Lamar Brattin, *i2e, to Eliza- 
19 12. beth Hope Bowlby, '12, October 4, 

1913, at Ovid, Mich. Address, R. F. 

D. No. I, Sandusky, Ohio. 

1912. Lucas Smith Henry, '12/i, to Ethel 
Marguerite Allewelt, (Syracuse, '11) 
October 6, 1914, at Syracuse, N. Y. 
Address, 580 Westcott St., Syracuse, 
N. Y. 

1914. Mollie Franklin, '14, to Henry Schu- 
bach, September 16, 1914, at Three 
Rivers, Mich. Address, No. 6 La 
Selle Apts., Salt Lake City, Utah. 

1914. Ralph Emerson Lambert, '14J, to 
Marjorie Hathaway, November 9, 
1914, at Ann Arbor, Mich. Address, 
West Milton, Ohio. 

1914. Jatnes Thomas Phalan, '14, to Dor- 
othy C. Caughey, June 25, 1914, at 
Ann Arbor, Mich. Address, Lake 
Forest College, Lake Forest, 111. 

1914, Julius Feind Wernicke, '14, to 

1914. Maleta Belle Moore, '14. November 
I, 1914, at Dowagiac, Mich. Address, 
710 Eastern Ave., Grand Rapids, 

1917. Harvey Hurst, '17, to Margaret I. 
Querin, November 6, 1914, at Ann 
Arbor, Mich. Address, Ann Arbor, 


To the Board of Directors of the Alumni 
Association of the University of 'Michigan, 
I beg to submit the following report, from 
November 3 to December 2, 1914, inclusive. 

Endowment memberships, perma- 
nent $ 7700 

End. memberships^ usable 18 00 

Annual memberships 432 00 

Adv. in Alumnus 165 07 

Interest 132 50 

Sale of Alumnus i 45 

Sundries 25 

Total cash receipts $ 826 27 

Cash and bonds on hand Nov. 3, 
1914 27145 07 

$27971 34 
Vouchers 2317 to 2324, inclusive. 

Alumnus printing $ 550 00 

Second-class postage 25 00 

Salary, Secretary j66 67 

Salary, Assistant Secretary 68 33 

Office help 24 00 

Incidentals 10 50 

Imprest cash : 
Second-class postage ...$ 5 57 

Commencement 6 05 

Fixtures i 50 

Incidentals 4 18 

Postage 71 50 

Office help 1 1 00 

$99 80 

Total cash expenditures $ 944 30 

Endowment fund, cash • 33i 73 

Endowment fund, bonds 2615000 

Available cash. Treasurer 435 31 

Imprest cash, Secretary no 00 

$27971 34 
Advance Subscription Fund. 

Amount on hand Nov. 3 $ 520 55 

Receipts to Dec. 3 45 50 

$ 56605 
Paid to current subscriptions 2700 

Cash $ 539 05 

Advanced to running expenses of 
Association i coo 00 

Total $ 844 SO 

$ 1539 05 
Respectfully submitted, 

Wilfred B. Shaw, Sec'y. 

Digitized by 






Alumni are requested to contribute to this department. When newspaper clippings are sent, b« 
sure that date and place are stated. Distinguish between date of paper and date of event recorded. 
Report all errors at once. Addressed envelopes will be furnished to anyone who will use them in 
Mgularly sending news for these columns. 

The different departments and classes are distinguished as follows: Where simply the year of 
graduation or the period of residence is stated, the literarv department is indicatea: e, stands for 
engineering department; m, medical; 1, law; p, pharmacy; h, homoeopathic; d, dental; (non.) honorary. 
Two figures preceded bjr an apostrophe indicate the year of graduation. Two figures separated from 
two others by a dash, indicate the period of residence of a non-graduate. 


'60. S. Wright Dunning, 420 Riverside Drive, 
New York City, Secretary. 

James F. Spalding, *6o, A.M. '63, and Mrs. 
gpalding, celebrated their golden wedding anni- 
versary with a large reception at their home, 
2305 Tracy Ave., Kansas City, Mo., on October 
^. Mr. and Mrs. Spalding came to Kansas City 
m 1865, where Mr. Spalding founded the Spalding 
Commercial College, of which he is still the 
active head. 


*74. Levi D. Wines, Ann Arbor, Secretary. 
'74m. William C. Stevens, 385 X4th Ave., De- 
troit, Secretary. 

Francis J. West, '74, has removed from Bald- 
win, Mich., to Ann Arbor, where he may be ad- 
dressed at 824 Arch St. 


*75- George S. Hosmer, Wayne Couaty Bldg., 
Detroit, Secretary. 

Angie C. Chapin, *7Sf A.M. (hon.) '95, profes- 
sor of Greek in Wellesley College, has her sab- 
batical leave of absence this year. She may be 
addressed at 18 Morris Cresent, Yonkers, N. Y. 


'76. Alice Williams, Weedsport, N. Y., Secre- 

Col. Henry P. Birmingham, '76m, was trans- 
ferred on May 13, 1914, from Fort Slocum, N. Y., 
to Vera Cruz, Mexico, as Chief Surgeon of the 
U. S. Expeditionary Forces. 


'79. Fred P. Jordan, Ann Arbor, Reunion Sec- 

Professor George Hempl, '79, of Inland Stan- 
ford University, with Mrs. Hempl (Anna B. Pur- 
mort, '87,) and two daughters, are spending the 
winter in Ann Arbor. Professor Hempl has been 
given a year*i leave of absence in order to re- 
cover from a nervous breakdown, and had ex- 
pected to spend the winter in the Mediterranean 
countries, where he has done considerable re- 
search work in the past. Their plans had to be 
changed, however, on account of the war. Both 
Professor Hempl's daughters are enrolled in the 
University, Miss Hilda in tne Graduate Depart- 
ment on a fellowship in biology, and Miss Elsa 
in the Literary Department. 

Spencer R. Smith, '79, ii principal of the Wen- 
dell Phillips High School, Chicago, and resides 
at the Kenwood Hotel, 47th St. and Kenwood 

John E. Richards, '79I1 of San Jose. Calif., was 
appointed by Governor Johnson, of California, 
as Judge of the District Court of Appeals in Oc- 
tober^ 19x3. He has since been elected to the 
position for a term of four years. 


'80. Charles W. Hitchcock, 270 Woodward 
Ave., Detroit, Secretary. 

'80m. Wm. T. Dodge, Big Rapids, Mich., Sec- 

Thomas J. Sullivan, '80m, is engaged in the 
practice of surgery in Chicago, 111. His residence 
address is 4709 Michigan Ave. 


*8i. Allan H. Frazer, 986 Woodward Ave., 
Detroit, Secretary. 

Thomas C. Clark, *77-'79f is judge of the 
Superior Court of Cook County, 111., and re- 
sides at 1424 Judson Ave., Evanston, 111. 

Del D. Turner, '8ip, formerly with the firm of 
D. D. Turner & Co., of Northfield, Minn., is this 
year instructor in the College of Pharmacy of the 
University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn. 


'8a. Wm. B. Cady, 904 Union Trust Bldg., 
Detroit, Secretary. 

George H. Cleveland, '82m, is a publisher of 
medical books, with offices at 1909 Ogden Ave., 


'83. Frederick W. Arbury, 271 Warren Ave. 
W., Detroit, Mich., Secreury. 

'83L Samael W. Beakes, House of Representa- 
tives, Washington, D. C. 

"Edwin F. Mack, '83, is vice-president of the 
Union Trust Co., 7 S. Dearborn St., Chicago. 

William R. Clarke, '83I, is president of the 
Grand Ledge State Bank, Grand Ledge, Mich. 


'84. Mrs. Fred N. Scott, Ann Arbor, Secretary. 
'84d. Lyndall L. Davis, 6 Madison St, Chicago, 
III, Secretary. 

Lyndall L. Davis, '84d, is practicing his pro- 
fession at 6 E. Madison St., Chicago, 111. 


'85. John O. Reed, Ann Arbor, Secretary. 

Shelley E. Higgins, '85, is principal of the 
Morris Pratt Institute, Whitewater, Wis. 

James E. Slocum, '81 -'84; is engaged in the 
real esute business, with offices at 108 Dearborn 
St., Chicago. 

Alexander E. Kastl, '8se, CE. *oi, may be ad- 
dressed at Nolan, Mora Co., New Mexico. 

Lyttleton M. Day, '851, of Greensburg, was 
elected judge of the thirty-third judicial district 
of Kansas by a large majority on November 3. 

Digitized by 


1 64 




'86L John T. Moffitt, Tipton, Iowa, Secretary. 

Claus S. Claussen, *86, is a member of the firm 
of C F. Claussen & Sons, Wholesale Condi- 
ments, Western Boulevard and 52d St, Chicago, 

Dr. James T. Upjohn, *86m, last year hoase 
physician at the University Hospital, has re- 
turned to his home in Kalamazoo. Dr. Roy A. 
McGrary has been appointed in his place. 

John T. Moffit, *861, of Tipton, Iowa, was 
elected one of the Judges of the District Court 
for the Eighteenth Judicial District of Iowa, 
composed of Cedar, Jones and Linn Counties. 


*87. Louis P. Jocelyn, Ann Arbor, Secretary. 
'87m. G. Carl Huber, Ann Arbor, Secretary. 

Francis J. Baker, •87e, is vice-president of the 
North Shore Electric Co. He lives at Wilmette, 

Frederick W. Stevens, *87l, will sever his con- 
nection with the banking nnn of J. P. Morgan 
& Co., New York, about January i, and after a 
year's vacation will make hit home in Ann Arbor. 
Before going to New York, Mr. Stevens lived in 
Detroit for several years, and previously at Grand 


*88. Selby A. Moran, Ann Arbor, Secretary. 
88m. Dr. James G. Lynds, Ann Arbor. Re- 
union Secretary. 

William S. Frost, *881, is secreUry of the 
Chamber of Commerce of Huntsville, Ala. 

John A. Wesener, '88p, is president of the 
Columbus Medical Laboratory, 31 N. State St., 
Chicago, IlL 


'89. E. B. Perry, Bay City, Mich., SecreUry. 

Robert B. Preble, *8o, m*89-'90, is Professor 
of Medicine in the Northwestern University 
Medical School. He and Mrs. Preble (Alice 
Hosmer, '88,) reside at 1518 Dearborn Ave., 
Chicago, 111. 


•90. Katherine Campbell, 311 W. Navarre St, 
South Bend, Ind. 

'9oe. R. Gw Manning, American Bridge Co., 
Ambridge, Pa., Secretary. 

'90m. Delia P. Pierce, 109 W. Lovell St, Kal- 
amazoo, Mich., Secretary. 

'90I. George A. Katzenberger, Greenville, O., 

Jacob Ringer, '90, is a member of the law firm 
of Ringer, Wilhartz & Louer, with offices at 105 
W. Monroe St., Chicago, 111. 

Frank A. Bell, '90I, notice of whose marriage 
was given last month, is the law partner of Con- 
gressman N. Olin Young, ana is Michigan 
counsel for the United States Steel Corporation, 
and the Chicago & Northwestern Railway Com- 


'91. Earle W. Dow, Ann Arbor, Secretary. 
'91I. Harry D. Jewell, 26a Hollister Ave., 
Grand Rapids, Directory Editor. 

Benjamin F. Chase, '91I, was promoted on 
July 27, 1914, from the American consulship at 
Leghorn, Italy, to the consulship at Fiume, Hun- 

gary. He expected to assume his new duties 
some time in October. Mrs. Chase (Clemma B. 
Hayes, '93, A.M. '96,) is also at Fiume. 


'p2. Frederick L. Dunlap, 5629 Madison Ave., 
Chicago, 111., Secretary. 

•92m. Theophil Klingman, Ann Arbor, Secre- 

•02I. F. L. Grant. 919 Eqwtable Bldg., Denver, 
Colo., Directory Editor. 

Pete W. Ross, '92, is president of the San 
Diego, Calif., elementary schools athletic league. 
He was one of the officials at the annual meet on 
May 9. 

James N. Hatch, '92e, for eleven years con- 
nected with the firm of Sargent and Lundy. 
engineers, of Chicago, has resided, and opened 
an office as consulting engineer in Qiicago. 

William A. Beasly, '921, of San Jose, Cal., was 
on October i, 1913, appointed by Governor Hiram 
Johnson, of California, Judge of the Superior Court 
of Santa Clara County, Calif., and has since been 
elected to the position for a term of six years. 
At the same time John E. Richards, '79I, was 
appointed by Governor Johnson to a position on 
the Bench of the District Court of Appeals, to 
which he has since been elected for a term of 
four years. 


•93. Herbert J. Goulding, Ann Arbor, Secre- 

Juliette Sessions, '93, has removed from New 
York City to 1541 Franklin Park, South, Colum- 
bus, Ohio. 

Marion B. White, '93, since 19 10 assistant pro- 
fessor of mathematics at the University of Kansas, 
became this fall Dean of Women at the Ypsilanti 
State Normal College. 

Frank A. Manny, '93, A.M. '^6, is President of 
the^ Social Service Club, of Baltimore, Md., which 
aims to provide a meeting ground and forum for 
those interested in social work, to forward the 
study of social needs and to secure needed legisla- 
tion and publicity for social work. He is also 
chairman of a committee which seeks to further 
the opportunities for the training of social 
workers, both volunteer and professional, in the 
City of Baltimore. The committee has published 
recently an announcement entitled "Opportunities 
for Training for Social Service," which gives a 
statement of lectures and courses in Johns Hop- 
kins and Goucher College and other means of 
securing information and practical experience in 
Baltimore. Mr. Manny's address is 1614 Bolten 

A sketch of the life of Dr. Ernest C. Brown, 
'93h, of Madrid, la., with a portrait of his family 
group, is published in the recently issued History 
of Boone Countv, la. 

Samuel P. Dibble, '89'9i, is with the Duluth 
Office of the General Electric Co., 801 Fidelity 


'94. Henry O. Chapoton, Mt. Clemens, Secre- 

'94m. — ^James F. Breakey, Ann Arbor, Secre- 

'94I— James H. Westcott, 40 Wall St., New York 
City, Secretary. 

•94d. R. E. Bailey, Pontiac, Secretary. 

Joseph Weare, '94e, is in the U. S. Reclama- 
tion Service at Portland, Ore. Address, Room 
215, Central Bldg. 

Charles T. McClintock, Ph.D. '92, '94m, may 
be addressed at Sarasota, Fla. 

Digitized by 






*95. Charles H. Conrad, 3940 Itfake Ave., Chi- 
cago, Secretarv for men. 

'oS. Ella L. Wagner, xo6 Packard St, Ann 
Arbor, Secretary for 


'05I. William C. Michaels, 906 Commerce 
dg., Kansas City, Mo., Secretary. 

Homer G. Powell, '951, of Cleveland, was elected 
in November to fill the unexpired two-year term 
as Judge of the Court of Common Pleas of 
Cuvahoga Co., Ohio, caused by the death of 
Judge James Lawrence. 


Bom, to Dexter M. Ferry, Jr., *92-'95, and Mrs. 
Ferry, a son, on November x8, 1914, at Detroit, 

Sergius P. Grace, *96e, E.E. 'o4tioT more than 
•ten years chief engineer of the Central District 
Bell Telephone Company in Pittsburgh, has been 
.appointed assistant engineer of the Public Service 
•Commission of New York Sute in the investiga- 
tion and appraisal of the New York Telephone 
■Company. Mr. Grace left Pittsburgh in X9X3» 
-shortly after the consolidation of the Central 
District Company with the Philadelphia Bell 
•Company, and since that time has been in general 
•consultation work in New York. He is past 
president of the Engineers' Society of Western 

Roy F. Hall, '96I, may be addressed at 406 
Trust Bldg., Rockford, IlL 


'97. Professor Evans Holbrook, Ann Arbor, 

'97I. William L. Hart, Alliance, Ohio, Direc- 
-tory Editor. 

Effie Danforth McAfee, '97, and her husband, 
James R. McAfee, have recently adopted a little 
^ui^ter. Their address is x6x Archer Ave., 
^ount Vernon, N. Y. 


'98. Julian H. Harris, xxa4 Ford Bldg., De- 
troit, Mich., Secretary. 

'98m. Georee M. Livingston, 3000 Woodward 
^ve,, Detroit, Mich., Directoxjr Editor. 

'98I. Fred W. Green, Ionia, Mich., Secretary. 

George R. Barker, '94-'95, editor of the Pend 
D'Orielle Review at Sandpoint, Idaho, was a 
candidate for secretary of state on the Republican 

Herbert W. Whitten, '98, A.M. 'ox, has charge 
of the work in Ancient I«anguages and Spanish 
in Ogden College, Bowling Green, Ky. His ad- 
"dress is X128 Laurel Ave. 

Bom, to Thomas R. Woodrow, '98, 'ool, and 
Genevieve Derby Woodrow, '00. a daughter, 
September 22, 191^ at Denver, Colo. Mr. Wood- 
row is practicing law at 817 Cooper Bldg. 

Captain William H. Tefft, '98m, has been 
•transferred from Fort Bayard, N. Mex., to 
Fort Mason, San Francisco, Calii 

Henry W. Kurz, *94-'96, *97-*p8» w editor of the 
Monroe Democrat, Monroe, Mich. 

Charles R. Barrow, '98I, of Coquille, Ore., has 
4>een elected representative from Coos County to 
the Oregon state legislature. 

Harry B. Skillman, '98I, announces that he 
lias opened offices for the general practice of 
aaw at 905-906 Fletcher Tmst Bldg. 


'99. Joseph H. Burslev, Ann Arbor, Secretary. 

'99m. Frederick T. Wright, Douglas, Ariz., 
Directory Editor. 

'09I. Wm. R. Moss, 54a First NatU Bank 
Bldg., Chicago, Secretary. 

Margaretha Ascher, '99, has been enrolled in 
the Graduate Department for several years past 
She expects to ^et her doctor's degree in June. 
Miss Ascher is living at 11 03 S. University Ave. 

Winifred J. Robinson, '99, for many years an 
instructor in Botany in Vassar College, is now 
connected with the Women's College of Dela- 
ware, Newark, Delaware. 

Charles E. Cartwright, *95-*?7. has removed 
from Detroit to become General Sales Agent for 
the Youghiogheny Gas Coal Co., in Toledo, Ohio, 
with offices in the Green Bldg. His residence 
address is 2449 Parkwood Ave. 

Ralph H. Page, *9^et is assistant treasurer and 
manager of the foreign trade department of the 
Trussed Concrete Steel Co., Detroit, Mich. His 
office is on the sixth floor of the Trussed Con- 
crete Bldg. 

Bom, to Clarence W. Whitney, '99e, and Mar- 
garet Mason Whitney, '00, a daughter, Marion 
Wallace, on Octobetr 29, 1914 Mr. and Mrs. 
Whitney now have four daughters and one son. 
Address, 2630 Haste St, Berkeley, Calif. 


'00. Mrs. Henrv M. Gelston. Butler ColL, In- 
dianapolis, Ind., Secretary for Women: John W. 
Bradshaw, Ann Arbor, Secretary for Men. 

'ool. Curtis L. Converse, Hartman Bldg., Co- 
lumbus, O. 

Guy B. Schiller, '00, has returned from the 
Philippines; and may be addressed at X15 Lydia 
St, Jackson, Mich. 

Frederic H. Loud, *ooe, *96-*97, formerly of 
Gary, Ind., is practicing as a civil engineer and 
surveyor in St Ignace, Mich. 

Harrison C. Mower, e*96-*98. is in the U. S. 
Engineer's Office, Tuscaloosa, Ala. 

With the retirement of Mr. Robert H. Roy 
from the firm of Baldwin, Roy & Fisher, the firm 
of Baldwin, Fisher & Potter, consisting of Messrs. 
Edwin Baldwin, Frederick S. Fisher and Harry 
B. Potter, 'ool, was formed on September x, 
for the general practice of law. The new firm 
will continue the business of the former firm at 
the same address, 31 Nassau St, New York City. 


'01. C Leroy Hill, SecreUry, North Fork, 

'ox. Annie W. Langley, 2037 Geddes Ave, 
Ann Arbor, Secretarv for women. 
• 'oxm. William H. Morley, 82 Rowena St, 
Detroit, Secretary. 

Helen Ahnefeldt Aaron, (Mrs. P. J. Aaron,) 
'01, has changed her residence in Seattle, Wash., 
to 6403 Brooklyn Ave. 

Ellen B. Badi, '01, has resumed her work in 
the high school at Kalamazoo, after an absence 
since February, due to her own and her mother's 

Zilpha Campbell Boyer, 'oi, (Mrs. C. J. Boyer), 
has moved from John R St, to 106 Mt. Vernon 
Ave., Detroit, Mich. 

William Callan, '01, has entered business in 
New York City, and may be addressed at x6s 

James A. Campbell, '01, has been made Assist- 
ant Professor of German at Knox College, Gales- 
burg, 111. 

Katherine M. Christopher, '01, may now be 
addressed at 72 W. 124 St, New York. City. 

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1 66 



Sereno B. CUrk, 'ok accepted the position thia 
fall of instructor in Latin at the University of 
Washington, Seattle, Wash. 

Theodore Lentz, Vgg-*oo, '03 -'04, of Missoula, 
Mont, was elected judge of the fourth judicial 
district of Montana at the recent elections. 

Frederick J. Lamed, 'oim, plans to spend the 
year in Boston, doing special work in Pediatrics 
under Dr. John Lovett Morse at the Children's 
Hospital. Dr. Lamed has been in general prac' 
tice in Greenland, Mich., for the past thirteen 

Dr. Alfred C. Bartholomew, 'oim, '96-'97, re- 
cently of South Bend, Ind., has announced his 
removal to Van Wert, Ohio, where he assumed 
the practice of Dr. Willard Monfort on August 
I, 191 4. His practice is limited to the medical 
and surgical treatment of diseases of the eye, 
ear, nose and throat, and the fitting of glasses. 
His office is in the Home Guards Temple. 


*oa. Arthur M. Barrett, 3230 Calumet Ave., 
Chicago, Directory Editor. 

*o2. Livia A. Moore, Augusta, Mich., Secretary 
for Women. 

'02I. Professor Joseph H. Drake, Ann Arbor, 

Thomas R. Brown, '02, formerly bacteriologist 
with the Ohio State Board of Health, may be 
addressed at Wyoming, Dela. 

Bom, to Professor Richard T. D. Hollister, 
'oa, A.M. '03, and Mrs. Hollister, '05, a daughter, 
November 9, 19 14, at Ann Arbor. 


'03. Chrissie H. Haller, i6 W. SucUd Av«., 
Detroit, Mich., Secretary for women. 

'03. Thurlow E. Coon, 1924 Ford Bldg., De- 
troit, Secretary for men. 

'oae. WiUU F. Bickel, 603 Security Bk. Bldc» 
Cedar Rapids, la.. Secretary. 

'03m. Arthur P. Reed« 8 Franklin Square, 
Rochester, N. Y., Secretary. 

'031 Maaon B. I«awton, 3151 xpth St, N. W., 
Washington, D. C, Secretary. 

Bora, to John F. Ducey, *99-'oi, and Mrs. 
Ducey, a son, John Francis, Jr., on November a, 
at Detroit, Mich. 

Agnes E. Wells, '03, is teaching this year in 
Carleton College, Northfield, Minn. 

Roy C. Freeman, '03I, of Champaign, 111., was 
elected county judge of Champaign County, 111., 
on the Republican ticket on November 3. 


'04. Bethune D. Blain, xoi7-x8 Dime Savings 
Bank Bldg., Detroit, Secretanr for men. , 

'04. Mrs. Sarah Hardy Adams, Ann Arbor, 
Secretary for women. 

'o4e. Alfred C Finney, 33 Ray St, ScheoM- 
Udy, N. Y., Secretary. 

'04m. George A. Seybold, 41 Sun Bldg., Jack- 
ton, Mich. 

'04I. Roscoe B. Huston, Ann Arbor, Secretary. 

Mrs. Burnett C. Booth, '04, has removed from 
Los Angeles to Burbank, Calif., where she may 
be addressed in care of the L. A. W. W. 

Madge Sibley Hoobler, '04, (Mrs. B. Raymond 
Hoobler,) has removed from New York City 
to Detroit, where she may be addressed at 20 
Davenport St. 

Frank M. Longanecker, '04, was promoted the 
first of July from the principalship of the high 
school at Parkersburg, W. Va., to the position 
of superintendent of the Parkersburg Public 


•05. Carl E. Parry, ax a W. loth Ave., Colum- 
but, O., Secretary for men; Louise E. Georg, 347 
S. Main St., Ann Arbor, Mich., Secretary for 

'ose. Fred R. Temple, 480 W. Hancock Ave., 
Detroit, Mich., Secretary. 

'o$m. Hugo A. Freund, Secretary, 537 Wood- 
ward Ave., Detroit 

*osl. Victor E. Van Ameringen, Ann Arbor, 

Mrs. James F. Bourquin, '05, (Jessie E. Phil- 
lips,) and Mr. Bourquin, of 2254 West Grand 
Blvd., Detroit, Mich., will be at home to the 
members of the class on Monday evening, Decem- 
ber 28. It is hoped that some plans may be made 
for the reunion in June. 

Mrs. William S. Dowd, (Tulia M. Phillips.) 
*oi-'o2, has removed recently from Fort Hancock, 
I>i. J., to Fort Monroe, Virginia. 

George N. Fuller, '05, Ph.D. '12, until recently 
secretary of the Michigan Historical Commis- 
sion, has tendered his resignation, and is now in 
Ann Arbor doing special research work in his- 
tory. His address is 920 Greenwood Ave. 

R. J. Smith, 'ose, is with the Nipissing Mining 
Co., Cobalt, Ont. 

Lee B. Greene, 'osm, formerly of Monango,. 
N. Dak., purchased the practice of Dr. Barbour^ 
of Edgeley, N. Dak., in July, and ib now prac- 
ticing as a physician and surgeon in that place. 


*o6. Roy W. Hamilton, Ann Arbor, Secretary 
for men; Mrs. Susan Diack Coon, 196 Edison 
Ave., Detroit, Mich., Secretary for women. 

'o6e. Harry B. Culbertson, 814 Ford Bldg., 
Detroit, Mich., Secretary. 

'06I. Gordon Stoner, Ann Arbor, Secretary. 

Jane A. Cochrane, '06, is acting this year a» 
assistant to Mrs. Myra B. Jordan, Dean of Women 
at the University. Address, 727 E. University 

Edward E. Gallup, '06, formerly principal of 
the high school at Adrian, Mich., is now super- 
intendent of schools at Monroe, Mich. Address^ 
109 Cass St 

M. Agnes Hutchinson, '06, is teaching Latin 
in the high school at North Platte, Nebraska. 
Her address is 422 West 6th St 

Born, to Maurice W. Fox, '06^ and Mrs. 
Fox, a daughter, Phyllis Rae, on October 27^ 
1 914, at La Porte, Ind. Address, Balboa Heights,. 
Canal Zone. 

Frank J. Parizek, *o6m, has removed from 
Antelope, Ore^ to Lake Andes, S. Dak. 

Walter J. Bookwalter, '061, of Danville, 111.,, 
was elected as Probate Judge in Vermillion 
County, 111., at the recent fall election, his 
majority being close to 4,000. 


'07. Archer F. Ritchie, 46 Home Bank Bldg., 
Detroit, Mich., Secretary. 

'07. Mabel Tuomey, i6a4 Second Ave., De- 
troit, Secretary for Women. 

'o7e. Harry L. Coe, 79 Milk St., Boston, 
Mass., Secretary. 

*07TO. Albert C. Baxter. Springfield, 111. 

*07l. Ralph W. Aigler, Ann Arbor, Mich., Sec* 

Mrs. Alvin E. Evans, (Georgina Palmer,) '07, 
may be addressed at Pullman, Wash., where her 
husband is head of the Latin department and 
Director of the Summer Session of Washington 
State College. 

Carl R. Moore, '07 ^ has removed from Bandon, 
Ore., to Toledo, Ore. The Georgie W. Moore 
Lumber Co., of which he is vice-president, ha^ 

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taken over the outf:ts of several corporations 
formerly doing business in I^incoln Co., and ex- 
pects to soon establish an extensive logging and 
lumber manufacturing operation, with head offi- 
ces in Toledo. 

Eva G. Newell, '07, is teaching at Talladega 
College, Talladega, Ala. 

Born, to Thomas S. Davies, 'o7e, and Mrs. 
Davies, a daughter, Florence Huntington, Octo- 
ber 13, 1 91 4, at Detroit, Mich. 

William H. DeGraff, 'o7e, may be addressed at 
1408 Washington St., Michigan City, Ind. 

Walter C. Keyes, 'ore, is with the Cadillac 
Motor Car Company^ Detroit, Mich. Residence 
address, 7 Marston Court. 

Thomas V. Williams, '03, '07I, has announced 
the formation of a partnership for the practice 
of law with Archy B. Carter, with offices at 
Suite 505 Lumbermen's Bank Bldg., corner of 
Fifth and Stark Sts., Portland, Ore. 


'08. May L. Baker, 513 N. I^incoln St., Bay 
City, Mich., Secretary. 

'o8e. Joe R. Brooks, Long Key, Florida, Sec- 

'08I. Arthur I*. Paulson, Elgin, 111., Secretary. 

William H. Beers, *o8, is a county attorney in 
the Territory of Hawaii. 

Chauncey H. Dowman, 'o^, who received the 
M. A. degree from the UnivoiMiy of Chicago 
last year, is principal of tl>e high school at 
Twin Falls, Idaho. 

Georgie E. Ellis, '08, may be addressed at 
Startup, Snohomish Co., Wash. 

Bert E. Lyon, '08, is studying at the Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin again this year. His ad- 
dress in Madison is 224 N. Brooks St. 

Jesse L. Frink, 'o8e, M.S. '09, who was with 
the Atcheson Co., Ltd., in Verviers, Bel- 
gium, is at present in London, England, en- 
gaged in experimental work with Dr. Acheson, 
the discoverer of the products. The Verviers 
factory is closed, Mr. Frink writes, as is every 
other factory in the city, and he found it de- 
cidedly unpleasant listenmg to the mumbling of 
cannon and reading a new notice every day, the 
last of which gave notice to the inhabitants that 
upon the slightest provocation the town would be 
shelled. Mr. Frink's London address is 
6 Gainsboro' Mansions, Queens Club Gardens, 
West Kensington. 

Dwight E. Lowell, *o8e, is with the Anniston 
Gas and Electric Co., Anniston, Ala. 

Elroy G. Smith, 'oSe, formerly with the J. G. 
White Engineering Corporation, is now practic- 
ing as a civil engineer in Augusta, Ga., with 
offices in the Harrison Bldg. Mr. Smith special- 
izes in water supply and sewage disposal, good 
roads, land subdivision and surveys, reinforced 
concrete, hydraulic and sanitary engineering. His 
residence address is 1331 Wingfield St. 

Dr. Neal N. Wood, *o8m, and Mrs. Wood, have 
removed from Fort Apache, Ariz., to Schofield 
Barracks, H. I. Mrs. Wood was Elma Bailey, 


'09. Edmund B. Chaffee, 1507 Broad St., Hart- 
ford, Conn., Secretary. 

•00. Florence Baker White, 5604 University 
Blvd., Seattle, Wash. 

•o9e. Sunley B. Wiggins, 115 S. Jefferson 
Ave., Saffinaw, Mich., Secretary. 

'09I. Charles Bowles, 210 Moffat Bldg., De- 
troit, Mich., Secretary. 

Hearty E. Brown, '09, is teaching in the 
English department of the University of Kansas, 
Lawrence. Kansas. Her address is 1121 Ohio St. 

J. Paul Slusser, '09, A.M. '11, has removed 
from Woodstock, N. Y., to Boston, Mass., where 
he may be addressed at 368 Shawmut Ave. 

Carroll T. Berry, *o9e, may be addressed at 
126 E. 23d St., New York City. 

Harold E. Gallup, *09e, is with the Joy-Mar- 
riott Construction Co., Jeflfcrson County Bank 
Bldg., Birmingham, Ala. 

John L. Cobbs, M.S. (For.) '09, is in the 
Forestry Department at Washington, D. C. 


*io. Lee A White, 5604 University Blvd., 
Seattle, Wash., Secretary for men; Fannie B. 
Biggs, 107 S. Oak Park Ave.. Oak Park, 111., 
Secretary for women. 

•loe. William F. Zabriskie, 33 Alexandrine Ave., 
E., Detroit, Secrcury. 

'lol. Thomas J. Riley, Escanaba, Mich., Secre- 

Lieut. Delmar S. Lenzner, 'loe, formerly sta- 
tioned at Manila, is now at Fort Stevens, Oregon, 

Donald C. May, 'loe, 'o6-'o7, may be ad- 
dressed at the Waterworks, Grosse Pointe Farms, 

Born, to Ar^o M. Foster, 'lom, and Mrs. 
Foster, a son, IJyron Stewart, on November 10, 
1914, at Kaukauna, Wis. 

Born, to Thomas Clancey, '08, 'lol, and Mrs. 
Clancey, a dauv;hier, Mary Louise, on Novem- 
ber 21, loi-i, at ishpeming, Mich. 

Richard J. llonnaid, 'lol, is with the Morden 
Land ^: Loan Co., at Austin, Minu. 


*ii. Gordon W. Kingsbury, Care Diamond 
Crystal Salt Co., St. Clair, Mich., SecreUry for 
men; Ethel Volland Hoyt, Ann Arbor, Secretary 
for women. 

•lie. Harry Bouchard, Care J. G. White En- 
gineering Co., Augusta. Ga. 

•ill. Edward B. Klewer, 505 Tenn. Trust 
Bldg., Memphis, Tenn., Secretary. 

•urn. Ward F. Seeley, U. of M. Hospiul, Ann 
Arbor, Mich. 

Arthur E. Curtis, 'ii, gave one of a series of 
thirty lectures which he will deliver under the 
auspices of the Chicago Daily News on Novem- 
ber 20 at the Henry School, -Chicago. His sub- 
ject was "The State of Michigan. '• 

Minerva Hague, '11, was on the Ellison- White 
Chautauqua system this summer. She has re- 
turned this fall for a second year as supervisor 
of music in the schools of Lewistown, Mont. 

Mary B. Jeflferds, '11, is taking graduate work 
in English in the University this year. Her 
Ann Arbor address is up Park Terrace. 

George Starr Lasher, *ii, is teaching rhetoric 
in the Kansas State Normal College, Emporia, 
Kans., and doing extension work throughout the 
State. His address is 727 Mechanic St. Mr. 
Lasher writes that the following graduates or 
former students of the University are on the 
Normal faculty. Frank A. Beach, '05, is head of 
the department of music. Miss Mary A. Whit- 
ney, '03, is piofessor of American History and 
Dean of Women, and Lena B. Hansen, '06, Mary 
Grace Holmes, '06, and Anna Belle Newton, '06, 
are also on the teaching staff. Mi«is .Achsah M. 
Harris, professor of elementary education, and 
Miss Jennie Williams, did graduate work in the 
University, while Miss Blanche Hess, ex'13, spent 
two years there. Dr. Theodore Lindquist, for 
four years an instructor in mathematics at the 
University, has just joined the Normal Faculty 
as head of the mathematics department, and his 
wife, Minnie Howell Lindquist, is a Michigan 
alumna in the class of '95. 

Alexina Meier, '11, is teaching in Hastings, 

Ward A. Miller, 'o7-'o9, is with Joseph T. 
Ryerson & Son, Iron, Steel, Machinery, at the 
New York office, 30 Church St. 

Carl B. Nchls, '11, has returned from Shef- 

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1 68 



M. Paul Cogswell, 'xie, is now employed in 
the Pittsburgh office of the Pittsburgh-Des Moines 
Steel Co., 807 Curry Bldg., in the tonk depart- 
ment. Mr. Cogswell left the Mt. Vernon Bridge 
Co., of Mt Vernon, Ohio, with which he had 
been associated since his graduation, in July, and 
from then until the middle of October he traveled 
for the Michigan Union in the interests of their 
buildinff campaign through Western Pennsyl- 
vania, West Virginia, Ohio and the Upper Pen- 
insula of Michigan. Mr. Cogswell's residence 
address is 483 Campbell St, Willdnsburgfa, Pa. 

Herbert t. Connell. 'lie, is technical editor 
of The Light Car Publishing Co., 95 Fort St W., 
Detroit, Mich. His residence address is 109 Webb 

Bom, to William A. DaLee, 'iie, and Pauline 
Wittwer DaLee, *xi, a son, William Wittwer, 
November 10, 1914, at Ingram, Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Mr. DaLee is practicing as an engineer at 806 
Curry Bldg., Pittsburgh. 

Elmer G. Fuller, 'xze, is with the Interstate 
Commerce Commission, Division of Valuation, 
Office of Central District, 9x4 Karpen Bldg., 

Paul M. Wishon, 'izl, is practicing law in 
Poison, Mont, with offices in the Security State 
Bank Bldg. 

Edith Hadley, A.M. 'xi, is on the faculty of 
Momingside College, Sioux City, la. 

L. Gamble Cole, 'ixh, is practicing medicine in 
Waverly, N. Y. Address, 427 Waverly St 

Raymond M. Crossman, 'xil, has changed his 
office address in Omaha, Neb., from the Omaha 
Nat'l Bank Bldg., to the Board of Trade Bldg. 


'12. Carl W. Eberbach, 40 j S. Fourth St, Ann 
Arbor; Herbert G. Watkms. 445 Cast Ave., De- 
troit, Mich.. Irene McFadoen, 831 Third Ave., 
Detroit Mich. 

'i2e. Harry H. Steinhauser, 546 W. inth St, 
New York, N. Y. 

'12I. George E. Brand, soa-9 Hammond Bldg., 
Detroit, Mich. 

Jean Coates, '12, is teaching English in the 
high school at New Castle, Pa., not in the eighth 
grade as was stated in last month's Alumnus. Her 
address is 323 Boyles St. 

Eleanor C Furman, '12, is a cataloger in the 
General Library of the University. Address, 525 
E. University Ave. 

Carl A. Helmecke, '12, is teaching German at 
the University of Syracuse. Address, 556 Claren- 
don St., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Grace D. Winans, '12, is doing secretarial work 
with the Federation for Charity and Philanthropy, 
aeveland, Ohio, of which Charles Whiting Wil- 
liams is the head. Her residence address is ziao8 
Ashbury Ave. 

Hcnnctte Wurster, '12, may be addressed at 
807 E. Fifteenth St, Davenport, la. 

Alma M. Young, '12, may be addressed at 81 
Orchard St., Keyser, W. Va. She is teaching in 
the high school there. 

George W. Armstrong, *i2e, is an instructor in 
Metallurgy in the University of Wisconsin, Madi- 
son, Wis. 

Horace P. Dix, 'i2e, is with the American Box 
Board Co., of Grand Rapids, Mich. His resi- 
dence address is X47 S. Lafayette St. 

Born, to C. Ross Holmes, 'i2e, '13, and Ruth 
L'Hommedieu Holmes, '12, a daugpter, Eliza- 
beth Ross, on July 8, 1914. Mr. and Mrs. Holmes 
have recently changed their address to 817 Mich- 
igan Ave. West, Lansing, Mich. 

Charles W. Kynoch, i2e, may be addressed at 
5200 Waterman Ave., St Louis, Mo. 

Sidney S. Lawrence, *i2e, formerly with the 
Pennsylvania Steel Co., San Francisco, is now 
with the Import Department of the W. R. Grace 
Co^ 260 Cahfomia St., San Francisco. 

dharles L. Gandy, 'xo, '12m, of the Medical 
Corps of the U. S. Army, has been transferred 
from Washington, D. C, to Manila, P. I., where 
he may be addressed in care of the Chief Surgeon. 

Harold I. Lillie, 'xo, 'xam, is an instructor in 
Otolaryngology in the University. Address, 11 18 
East Ann St 

Lyman J. Pinney, '12m, is practicing in De- 
troit, Mich., at Boulevard and Grand River Ave. 

Joseph G. Black, '10, '12I, and his brother, 
Thomas E< Black, 'X4I, are practicing together 
in Detroit, Mich., with offices in the Dime Bank 

Merle G. Faxon, '12I, *o6-'op, has removed his 
law offices from 221 Cobb Bldg., to 41 City ans- 
tional Bank Bldg., Kankakee, 111. 

Harold B. Trosper, 'x2l, is manager of the 
Rochester, N. Y., office of the Volume Library, 
published by Robert E* Trosper, Jr. His office 
address is 42 x Granite Bldg. 

Julius Wuerthner, '12I, is a member of the law 
firm of Murch & Wuerthner, Great Falls, Mont 

Harry S. Blossom, 'i2h, notice of whose mar- 
riage is given elsewhere, is on the staff of the 
State Hospital, Middletown, N. Y. 

George W. MacKay, 'i2d, 'o8-'o^, formerly 
captain of the Ypsilanti Signal Corps, is now prac- 
ticing dentistry m Calumet, Mich. 


'13. Karl J. Mohr, 644 E. University Ave., Ann 
Arbor, Secretary. 

'i3e. Kirke K. Hoagg, 24 Chandler Ave., De- 
troit, Mich. 

'13m. Carl V. Weller, Secretary, Ann Arbor. 

'13I. Ora L. Smith, Ithaca, Mich. 

Raymond E. Doty, '13, is with the North 
American Construction Co., manufacturers of 
"Aladdin Houses." Bay City, Mich. His address 
is 245 N. Monroe St. 

William H. Egly, 'i3» may be addressed at 
Thatcher, Idaho. 

George M. Ehlers, '13, formerly with the Geol- 
ogy Department of Williams College, is this year 
an assistant in Geology at the University. Ad- 
dress, 121 8 Willard St 

William A. Hart, '13, has recently been ap- 
pointed assistant editor of "The Burroughs," the 
magazine issued by the Burroughs Adding Ma- 
chine Company, of Detroit, for tiie benefit of the 
employees of the concern. 

Announcement was made on November 6 of 
the engagement of Hellen E. Hillicker, '13, and 
Loren T. Robinson. '13, Mr. Robinson is now 
on the staff of the Detroit Free Press. 

Clark L. Hull, 'i^. is assistant in Psychology in 
the University of Wisconsin, and is also doing 
graduate work. His address in Madison is 1308 
W. Daytdn St. 

Grace D. Hull, '13, is doing secretarial work 
for the Twentieth Century Club of Detroit She 
is living at the Priscilla Inn, Cass Ave. . 

John F. Lauver, '13, of Detroit, Mich., has 
been transferred from the Burroughs Adding Ma- 
chine Factory, Detroit, to the position of Branch 
Office Manager at Sacramento, Calif. Address, 

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care of Burroughs Adding Machine Co., 405 J St. 

Theophile Raphael, '13, is assistant in psych- 
ology in the University this year. Address, 109 
Packard St 

Edith P. Rings. '19, A.M. 'i4t is an instructor 
in English in the nigh school at Big Rapids, Mich. 

Arthur F. Schaeter, '13, formerly teacher of 
science at the Piano, 111., high school, is now 
teaching in the German department of the high 
school at Ishperaing, Mich. 

Harold P. Scott, 'i^, A.M. '14, notice of whose 
marriage was given in the October Alumnus, is 
an instructor in Rhetoric in the University. 

Klton J. Bennett, 'i3e, is engaged in ifficiencv 
work at the plant of the William E. Hooper & 
Sons Co., cotton manufacturers, Woodberry, Bal- 
timore, Md. Address, Room* 641, Central Y. M. 
C A., Baltimore, Md. He is still with Drake & 
Berg, engineers and accountants. 

Herbert ly. Burgess, *i3e, is now employed in 
the sales department of the U. S. Metal Products 
Co., Ill Broadway, New York City. His resi- 
dence address is 803 W. x8o St., Apt. 53. 

Jacob L. Crane, Jr., 'i3e, may be addressed at 
Box 371, Sleepy Eye, Minn. 

Herbert J. Cutler, 'x3e, formerly with the Illi- 
nois Steel Co., South Chicas[o, 111., is this vear 
the holder of a fellowship in Metallurgy, Uni- 
versity of Utah, Salt Lake City. His address is 
238 S. 13th East St. 

Walter R. Dniry, 'i3e, has changed his ad- 
dress in Flint, Mich., from 419 Avon St. to 1316 
Beach St 

Roland H. Stock, 'i3e, of the U. S. Reclama- 
tion Service, has been transferred from Poison, 
Mont, to Horte, Mont 

Stanley R. Thomas, *i3e, whose marriage was 
noted in the last issue of The Alumnus, is a 
teaching assistant in Mechanical Engineering. 
He and Mrs. Thomas (Claribel ArmiUge, 'xi,) 
are living at 610 Church St 

Austin T. Tubbs, e'o9-*i2, is with the Tubbs 
Cordage Co., of San Francisco, Calif. 

Adelbert I*. Vandenburg, 'i3e, is with the 
American Cyanide Co., of Niagara Falls, Ont 

Carl V. Weller, '13m. is an instructor in Path- 
ology in the Medical Department of the Univer- 
sity. His Ann Arbor address is 11 16 Ferdon Rd. 

Howard W. Bunston, 'i^l, of Hardin, Mont, 
was elected prosecuting attorney on thft Progres- 
sive ticket at the recent elections. He has been 
located in Hardin since August i, 1013. 

Paul T. I«andis, '13, 'i4l» is with MacKenzie 
& Weadock, Holmes Bldg., Lima, Ohio. The 
firm consists of William L. MacKenzie, James J. 
Weadock, '96I, and Ralph P. MacKenzie, 'iil. 

Harry A. Wilson, 'ish, has been appointed 
physician to the State Home for the Blind at 
Lansing, Mich. He will also act as physician to 
the Reo Motor Car Co. 

Bom, to Henry M. Ballard, '13d, and Mrs. 
Ballard, a daughter, on November xa, X914, at 
Sparta, Mich. 

William E. Brown, '13d, has removed from 
Berrien Springs, Mich., to Benton Harbor, Mich. 


•14. Bruce J. Miles, 3a Watson Place, The 
Vaughan Apts., Detroit, Mich; Jessie Cameron. 
619 N. Lincoln Ave., Bay City, Mich. ; Leonard 
M. Rieser, 4a Kirkland St., Cambridge, Mass. 

'141. John C Winter, 53 King Ave., Detroit, 

Edward L. Abell, '14, is superintendent of the 
high school at Howell, Mich. Lena J. Krakau, 
'lA. is a member of the faculty of the same school. 

Norma AUeck, 'x^, after spending the summer 
abroad, is now teaching in the state normal school 
at West Chester, Pa. 

Ray E. Anderson, '14, is with Baldwin, Bald- 
win & Holmes, Attorneys at Law, Suite 900 Al- 
worth Bldg., Duluth, Minn. 


Benjamin B. Anthony, '14, is a lieutenant in 
the Philippine Constabulary Service, Manila. He 
may be addressed at the Philippine Constabulary 

Paul E. Bollenbacher, '14, may be addressed at 
700 W. Third St, Northfield, Minn. 

Leo N. Burnett, *i4» is employed on the edi- 
torial staff of The Peoria Journal, Peoria, 111. 
His address is the Peoria Y. M. C. A. 

F. Alice Burridge, '14, is teaching in the public 
schools at Grand Rapids, Mich. Residence, 15a 
Clifton Place. 

Albert D. Chipman, *i4, is assistant vocational 
director of the Board of Education, Grand Rapids, 
Mich., with office in the City Hall. His residence 
address is 347 Lafayette Ave., S E. 

May belle A. Dean, '14, is at the Washington 
School, Detroit, Mich. 

Willis A. Diekema, '14, is in the sales depart- 
ment of the DePrec Chemical Co.. 902 Chamber 
of Commerce Bldg., Chicago, IIL Residence, 
5448 East View Park. Telephone, Midway 7240. 

Louie H. Dunten, '14, is now enrolled in the 
Law Department of the University of Michigan, 
and is president of the Oratorical Association. 
His Ann Arbor address is 44s S. 4th Ave. 

Margaret Eaton, '14, is with Sears, Roebuck 
Co., of Chicago. Her address is 156 S. Hamlin 

Marshall W. Footc, '14, is in the employ of 
Mr. Reed at the People's Gas Co., Chicago, 111. 
Residence, Evanston V. M. C. A. 

Mary R. Haynes, '14, is living at Williamston, 
Mich. Address, Box 204. 

Gertrud Helmecke, '14, is attending the Sar- 
gent School for Physical Education at Cambridge, 
'ass. Her address is 56 Wendell St 

Karl B. Hoch, '14, is in the employ of Sears, 
Roebuck Co. His residence address is Sears 
Roebuck Y. M.. C. A., Kedzie and Arthington 
Avcs., Chicago, 111. 

J. Galen Humbert, '14, is an assistant in the 
Department of Botany of the Ohio Agricultural 
Escperiment Station, Wooster, Ohio. 

Philip Jansen, '14, is living at 3508 Pine Grove 
St.. Chicago, 111. 

Dean C Kellogg, '14, may be addressed Gen- 
eral Delivery, East Lansing, Mich. 

Frances J. Lakin, '14, is an assistant in his- 
tory in the University this year. Her Ann Arbor 
address is 718 S. Ingalls St 

Ralph B. Lance, '14, has charge of the science 
department in the high school at Traverse City, 
Mich. Address, 339 Sixth St 

Walter C. Laubengayer^ '14, has accepted a 
position with the Detroit Sulphite Pulp and 
Paper Co. He is located in Port Arthur, Ont, 
where he will have charge of the buying and in- 
spection of all timber for the company. 

J. Wood Morrison, '14, has accepted a position 
as instructor in mathematics in the University of 
Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Ivan J. Nelson, '14, is a member of the firm of 
Nelson Brothers Company, of Saginaw, Mich., 
manufacturers of pump jacks. Residence, 440 
South Park St. 

Mariorie H. Nicolson, 'i^, is teaching in the 
East Side High School, Saginaw, Mich. 

J. Thomas Phalan, '14. is teaching in the De- 

Eartment of Physics in Lake Forest College, 
,ake Forest, 111.. Mr. Phalan is in charge of the 
department, as Professor Frederick W. Stevens, 
the head of the department, is absent 

Kirk H. Porter, '14, is with the Triangle Press 
Co., 2XX Madison St., Waukegan, 111. 

Roy K. Roadruck, '14, is assistant state super- 
intendent of the Kentucky Christian Bible School 
Association, with offices at 706 Realty Bldg., 
Louisville, Ky. 

E. Louise Robson, '14, is assistant to the prin- 
cipal in the Ann Arbor High School, and is also 
teaching English. Address, 406 Packard St. 

Lester F. Rosenbaum, '14, is working for his 
father in Kalamazoo, Mich. Residence, 81 x S. 
Park St. 

Digitized by 





Homer C. Shaflfmaster, '14, is in South Bend, 
Ind. Address, 319 N. St. Louis Blvd. 

Elsa M. S>chweitzberger, '14, is teaching in 
Coloma, Mich. 

Florence M. Shelly, '14, is teaching in the 
high school at St. Charles, Mo. 

Rose F. Speidel. '14, is principal of the Conin- 
na High School, Corunna, Mich. 

Bernice Spencer, '14* is teaching in the Wash- 
ington School, Detroit, Mich. Address, ai5 
Seward Ave. 

Margaret Spier, '14, is located this year in 
Waldcn, Jackson Co^ Colo. 

Frank W. J. Stafford, '14, is enrolled in the 
Medical Department of the University of Mich- 

Harold C. Tallmadge, '14, is assistant to the 
district counsel of the U. S. Reclamation Service, 
519 Commonwealth Bldg., Denver, Colo. Resi- 
dence, 1554 Pennsylvania St. 

Mildred C. Taylor, '14, is teaching in the high 
school at Royal Oak, Mich. 

Myra C Towsley, '14, may be addressed at 
Evart, Mich. 

Roy J. Waite. '14, is at the Riverview Academy, 
Poughkcepsie, N. Y. 

George Watt, '14, is attending the Harvard 
Medical College. Residence address, 69 Fern- 
wood Rd., Cambridge, Mass. 

Kenneth N. Westerman, '14, is instructor in 
Voice in the University School of Music, and 
Director of the University Glee Club. Address, 
707 E. Lawrence St. 

Howard L. Wheaton, '14, is teaching in the 
high school at Flint, Mich. 

Clayton A. Whitney, '14, is taking graduate 
work at the University of Chicago. 

Owen B. Winters, '14, is in the advertising 
department of the Packard Motor Car Co., De- 
troitr Mich. 

Edna J. Woodhouse, '14, is teaching in Presho, 

Joseph N. Yarnell, '14, is employed as cost ac- 
countant with the American Boiler and Radiator 
Co., of Pittsburgh, Pa. Residence, 121 N. Craig 

Among the 191 4 lits attending Harvard Uni- 
versity are: Leonard M. Rieser, Law School, 42 
Kirkland St., Cambridge, Mass.; Carroll C. Mills, 
Thomas A. Waddcn and Bruce D. Bromley, Law 
School, 302 Craige, Cambridge; Paul B. Blan- 
shard, Andover Divinity School, Dormitory 2, 
Cambridge; Gleed Miller, Graduate School of 
Business Administration, Perkins 74, Cambridge; 
Fcrde W. Hoogsteen, Law School, 61 Oxford St., 
Cambridge; and Diego Biascochea, Medical 
School, 69 Fernwood Rd., Boston. 

Robert Dillman, 'i4e, is located in Hoopeston, 

Erwin Fischer, '14c, is chemical engineer with 
the Independent Baking Co., Davenport, la. 

Ralph A. Price, 'i4e, is chemist wih the Ford 
Mfg. Co., Vandalia. 111. 

Theodore M. Robie, 'i4e, may be addressed at 
31 W. loth St., Erie, Pa. 

Quinter O. Gilbert, '09, '14m, is teaching assist- 

ant in Internal Medicine in the Medical De- 
partment of the University. Address, 200 N. 
Ingalls St 

Sam L. Adelsdorf, 'iaI, is located at 1630 
Tribune Bids., Chicago, 111. 

Ray K. Harris, '141, may be addressed at 
Frederick. S. Dak. 

Fred Hinkle, *i4l. was elected count/ attorney 
of Clark County, Kansas, by a majority of two 
to one over his opponent on November 3. The 
county comprises nine hundred square miles, and 
Mr. Hinkle carried all the precincts but two. 
After January i his ofl&ce will be in the court 
house at Ashland, Kansas. 

C. Harold Hippler, 'X4I, is practicing in Lewis- 
ton, 111., with Harvcv H. Atherton, '05!. 

Fred C. Houston, '14I, is practicing in the 
Oliver Bldg., Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Lyman S. Hulbert, '14I, is in the law office of 
Mr. Burton Smith, of Atlanta, Ga. Mr. Smith is 
a brother of Senator Hoke Smith. 

Orville R. Jones, '14I, is practicing law in 
Marion, Kans. 

Louis R. Lackey, '14I, is engaged in the prac- 
tice of law in Uniontown, Pa. 

Verner W. Main, *i4l, is associated with Ar- 
thur & B ' ' * '^ittle Creek, Mich., 

with office; 

George 4I, has engaged in 

the generi iw, with offices in 

the Bergei Pa. 

Donald • is practicing law 

in Kenton it Rooms 4 and 5, 

Ahlefeld Blk. 

Daniel W. Miller, Jr., '14I, is practicing in 
Beaver, Pa. 

Miller H. Pontius, '14I, last year linesman on 
the Varsity team, coached the football team of 
the University of Tennessee this fall. The team 
went through the season without a single de- 
feat, thereby winning the southern championship. 

Guy G. Alway, 'i4h, is practicing at Whitmore 
Lake, Mich. 

Paul M. Champlin, 'i4h. is an interne in the 
Gowanda Asylum, Gowanda, N. Y. 

Bessie I. Coffin, 'i4h, is acting as interne in 
the Woman's Hospital, Philadelphia, Pa. 

John F. Migdalski, 'i4h. is practicing in De- 
troit, Mich. His address is 1527 Michigan Ave. 

Curtis D. Pillsbury, 'i4h, is assistant in sur- 
gery in the Homoeopathic Department of the 
University, Henry J. Burrell, spec. 'i4h, is assist- 
ant in internal medicine in the Homoeopathic De- 
partment, and Sadie L. Omey, 'i4h, is an interne 
in the Homoeopathic HospitaJ. 

Fred R. Reed, *i4h, is practicing in Detroit, 

George G. Shoemaker, *t4hf is acting superin- 
tendent of the Homoeopathic Hospital, Pitts- 
burgh, Pa. 

Neville E. Stewart, 'i4h, is practicing at 
Tcdrow, Ohio. 

Orel A. Welsh, 'i4h, has resigned his position 
as resident physician in the Mater Misericordiae 
Hospital at Sacramento, Calif., and has started 
a general practice in Oregon City Ore. 

Scores in Football, Baseball, Track and Tennis, 1866-1914 


''Crammed Full of Michigan Athletic Statistics." 

Send 30 cents in stamps for each copy to 

Athletic Annual, Press Bldg:., Ann Arbor, Mich« 

Digitized by 


Digitized by 


Digitized by 


Digitized by 



The Michigan Calendar, 1915 


Onr annual University Calendar. New shape, new size, entirely original throughout. 

The Calendar for 1915 is 14 j4 inches higU, by 11 )4 inches wide, and tastily bound in the 
New Michigan Ceiers. Twelve handsome plates with large uniformly tipped views of 
Campus buildings, new and old. 

Coplos mailed, neatly boxad to any addraaa In tha United Stalee for 60e eaeh. (Poatao* 1 0e extra.) 


Prepaid to any addreaa for SI. 36 


A very popular reminder off Miehlgan. Poetago for 60e. 

Pennants, Banners, Michigan Pins and Jewelry, in New Official 

Colors. All prices. 





Pillows Seals Silver 
Souvenir Novelties 

PENN ANTS-Official Colort 

18x56 - $1.75 

14x36 - .75 

8 X 24 - .35 

DANNERS-Official Colon 
3xl>^feet ^ $1.00 
6x3 feet - $3.00 
9x3 feet - $5.00 

Other sizes in proportion 
Special sizes and designs made to order 
Michigan Bronze Seals, $2.75 
Michigan Blankets (latest thing), (7.50 
Leather Pillows, $4.50 to $8.50 
Felt Pillows, $1.50 to $4 00 
Skins (with Seals), $3.00 to $5.00 
Souvenir Spoons, 75c up 

And many other Novelties 

Pins Fob* Stdns Tobacco Jars Plales 



224-226 So. Sute Ann Arbor 

Fine Inks and Adhesives 

For Those Who KNOW 

Drawing Inks, Eternal Writing Ink« 
Engrosslnff Ink, Taurine Mucilave, 
Photo Mounter Paste, Drawing Board 
Paste. Liquid Paste, Office Paste, 
Vegetable Glue, etc. 


anelpate yourself from the nsc of corroslTc 
and ili«melllng inks and adhesi^«s and adopt 
the HlooUin Imkn and Adhesive*. They 
will be a revelation to you. they are so sweet, 
clean, well put up, and withal so efficient. 

MAS. IL NI66INS A CO., Mfra., 271 Nlntll St, BreoUR N. Y. 
Branches: Chicago: Ix>ndon. 


The Graduate Department 


Offers opportunitT for advanced and 
graduate work in all branches of study. 
For particulars apply to the Dean of the 
Graduate Department. 

Ana Arbor, Mielilfan 


Michigan Alumni own the Alumnus; they patronixe itf)||f4Y$IB^i^OOQ IC 


risk TOSChOI'S ACldnCV Oth«rOfBoM:BMton!NewVork,Washliioton, 
■ "^"^ ■ ^#««^#11^#1 ^ ^^^^#ll^#^ Denver, Pom«nd,a«rk«Uy, Lis Ano«lW. 

Over 40,000 Positions Filled. 82nd Yesr. We have this year broken ell previons records of the Agency. We are now 
seeking teachers for emergency vacancies, and for the fall of 1915. Circular and membership form sent on application. 


B/yff^ff^£ BLOG. DBr^\/JER. COLO. 

Northwestern Teachers * Agency 


In It the btst Dm to MniN tor 191M6 ncttdet. Write iMMditolir tor fm dnmr. 



The Minneapolis Teachers* Agency has assisted a large number of University of Michigan graduates to choice, 
high-salaried positions. We esn help yeu. Write today for our booklet and terms. 



Co 3e peters d Son Co^ 

145 Mitfli gtrcet 

Boiton, MsiischiMtU 

Photo Engravers Electrotypers 


For nearly forty years— have been the 

ones to think out, and put on the mar> 

ket, things really now in sport. 

Are Yeu Posted on Just 

Whafs Now This YearT 

Send for our catalogue. Hundreds of 

illustrations of what to use and wear~ 

For Competition— For Recreation— For 

Health— Indoor and Outdoor. 

A. G. Spalding & Bros., 254 Wood ward Ave, Detroit, Mich. 


A MichigsB Corporatioii, Orgsa- 
isid, Isoorporatfid, and Openttd 
luidsr tht IfSwt of Michigan, 

FurnlsMni Mlchlian Sirrlci 
for Mlchlfan Ptopit 


A X905 literary graduate desires business position. 
Prefers one in or near Detroit. Has had 
inside and outside selling experience. Last 
two years sold automobiles retail in Canada 
for factory branch. Can refer you to my last 
employer. Would work for expenses and 
commission or under any other satisfactory 

In answering these advertisements, please ad- 
dress The Alumnus. 

I Michigan Alumiii own the Alumnus; thqr patronise its advertisers 

Digitized by L:f OOQIC 



St. Joseph's Sanitarium 

Conducted by the Sisters of Mercy 

Ann Arbor Wanted*^ 

Grand Private Hospital 

Fireproof, Sanitary. 
Private Rooms with Bath. 
Three Sun Parlors. 

Large Roof Garden, over- 
looking University Campus 
and Huron River Valley. 

Beautiful Grounds. 

Keferences.'—Vr. C. G, Dariimg 

Dr. ^. Vishop Cai^ld 




ANN ARBOR noiKT has the finest and best equipped 
printing plant in its history. All the year long the 
Press is running day and night turning out text-books 
and other printing of highest quality. The 'wheels go 
round twenty- four hours every day m the year at this 
place, and you can have anything printed in style, from 
a name card to a book. 

The Ann A rbor P ress 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 



This directory it xmblithed for the purpose of mffordinc m convenient guide to Michigan Alumni of 
the Ttriouc profeuiont. who may wish to secure reliable correspondents of the same profession to transact 
business ac a distance, or of a special professional character. It is distinctly an intra-professional directory. 
Alumni of all professions, who, by reason of specialty or location, are in a position to be of service to 
Alumni of the same profession, are iarited to place their cards in the directory. 

Professional cards in this directory are classified alphabetically by states, alphabetically by cities 
within the states, and the names of alumni (or firms) in each city are likewise alphabeticallv arranged. 
The price of cards is fifty cents (50c) per insertion — five dollars a year, payable in advance. Cards in the 
Legal Directorv section will be published in the Michigan Law Review also, at a special combination 
price of six dollars a year, payable in advance. 

ganftere an& groftere 



Members New York Stock Exchange. 
Stanley D. McGraw, 'oa. _ LinzM Bladgen (Harvard) 

1 11 Broadway, 

Draper (Harvard). 

New York, N. Y. 



Southern Trust Building, Little Rock, Ark. 


724-5-6 MerchanU Trust Bldg., Los Angeles, Cat 

L R. RUBIN, 'on. 
401 -3-3 ati'zens National Bank Bldg., Los Angeles, Ca l. 


Inman Sealby, '12I, 

Hunt C. Hill, '13I. 

Attorneys at Law and Proctors in Admiralty. 

6oy-6n-6ia Kohl Building. San Francisco, Cat 



Arthur F. Friedman, '08I. 
Horace H. Hindry, '97 (Stanford). 
Foster Building. Denver, Colo. 


John F. Shafroth. *7<. ' 

Morrison Shafroth, '10. 

407 McPhee Bldg.. 

Denver, Colo. 


DUANB B. FOX ,'8i. 
Washington Loan and Trust Bldg., Washington, D. C. 


Suite 317* Idaho Bldg., 




1522 Tribune Bldg.. 7 So. Dearborn St, Chicago, IIL 

E. D. REYNOLDS, '9^ 
Manufacturers National Bank Bldg., Rockford, 111. 


Suite A, North Side Bank Bldg., Evansville, Ind. 

Suite 406 American Central Life Building, 

Indianapolis, lad. 

I SI 6 Sute Life Bldg., Indianapolis, Ind. 

Louis Newberger. 

Charles W. Richards. i 

Milton N. Simon. '02I. 'I 

Lawrence B. Davis. 
Suite 808-814 Majestic Bldg.. IndJanapolia , Ind* 


Suite 433*4*5 Jefferson Bldg, 

South Be nd, Ind. 


H. H. Stipp. A. I. Madden. 

E. D. Perry, '03!. Vincent Stardnger. 

IX 16, 1 1 17, 11x8, XI19, 1120 Equitable Bldg., 

Des Moines, Iowa. 


209-211 Husted Bldg., Kansas City, 


Morris B. Giflford, LL.M., '93. 
Emile Stdnfeld. 
Inter-Southem Bldg., 

Louisville^ Ky, 

Digitized by V:f OOQIC 



1330 Commerce Bldg., 


Wallace H. White Wallace H. White, Jr. 

Seth M. Carter. Chas. B. Carter, 'osj.. 

Masonic Bldg., Lemston, Maine. 

Kansas City. Mo. 

Leslie J. Lyons. 
Hugh C. Smith, '94I. 

Suite 1003 Republic Bldg., Kansas City, Mo. 



403-4-S Nat Bank of Commerce Bldg., 

Adrian, Mich. 

Charles Cummings Collins. 
Harry C. Barker. 

Roy P. Britton. LL.B. 'oa. LL.M. '03. 
Third Nat'l Bank Bldg.. St. Louis. Mo. 


OSCAR W. BAKER, 'oal. 

Bankruptcy, Commercial and Corporation Law. 

307 Shearer Bros. Bldg., Bay City. Mich. 

634 Brandeis Theatre Bldg., Omaha, Neb. 

Levi L. Barbour. '63./6SI. 
George S. Field, '95I. 
Frank A. Martin. 
SO Buhl Block, Detroit. Mich. 


HARRY C. MILLER. '09. 'xxl. 

22 Exchange Place. New York Qty. 


John S. Parker. Franklin A. Wagner, *99-*oi, '04L 

Arnold L. Davis, '98I. George Tumpson, '04I. 

Mutual Life Bldg., 34 Nassau St., - New York City. 

Henry Russel. '73, '751. Counsel ; Henry M. Campbell. 

'76. '78I; Charles H. Campbdl, '80; garry C. Bulkley. 

'92, *05l; Henry Ledyard; Charles H. L'Hommedieu, 

•bel; Wilson W. Mills, '13I; Douglas Campbell. '10. 

'13I; Henry M. Campbell, Jr.. '08, 'ixl. , „. . 
604 Union Trust Bldg.. Detroit. Mich. 

Ward N. Choate, '92-'94. Wm. J. Lchmann, '04I, '05. 

Charles R. Robertson. 
705-7x0 Dime Bank Bldg.. Detroit. Mich. 


Forwarded gratis upon request. 

Eugene C. Wordcn. '98, *99l. 

Lindsay Russell, '94I, 

International Legal Correspondents. 

165 Broadway, New York City. 


52 Broadway, 

New York City. 


James T. Kcena, '74- Walter E. Oxtoby. '981. 

Clarence A. Lightner, '83. James V. Oxtoby. '9SI. 

Charles M. Wilkinson, '71. . ^^, , 

9«i-4 Penobscot Building. Detroit, Mich. 


Wade MiUis, '98I. . , Qark C. Seely. 
William J. Griflto. '05I. Howard Streeter. 'oil. 

PRANK M. WELLS, 'gil. 
S2 William St.. 

New York City. 

Howard C Baldwin. Charles L. Mann, '081. 

Henry Hart, '14I. 

1401.7 Ford Building, Detroit, Mich. 


Henry Wollman. '78I. 
Benjamin F. Wollman, '941. 
Achilles H. Kohn. 
20 Broad Street. New York aty. 



Jacob Kleinhans. 
Stuart E. Knappen, '98. 
Marshall M. Uhl, W 
317 Michigan Trust Co. Bldg., Grand Rapids, Mich. 

NORRis, Mcpherson ft Harrington. 

Mark Norris, '79. '^^^ ,,^. , , 
Charles McPherson. (Albion) '95. 
Leon W. Harrington, '05!. _ _ ,,, , 
721-731 Michigan Trust Bldg.. Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Harvey Musser, '82L 
T. W. Kimber. '04I. 
J. R. Huffman. '04!. 
f. C. Musser. '14I. 
503-9 Flatiron Bldig., Akron, Ohio. 

P. S. CRAMPTON, 'oSl. 


Guy W. House. '09. '"l. 
Charles R. Brown. Jr. 


Delbcrt J. Haff, '84, '861; Edwin C. Meservey; Charles 
W. German: William C. Michaels, '05I; Samuel D. 
Newkirk; William S. Norris; Ralph W. Garrett; 
George E. Kennedy, 'mI. 

Suite 906 Commerce Bldg., Kansas City, Mo. 

525 Engineering Bldg., Cleveland, Ohio. 


William L. Mackenzie. Ralph P. Mackenzie, 'iil. 
James J. Wcadock, '96L Paul T. Landis, '13. 'mK 
Holmes Building, Lima, Ohio 

JACOB L. LORIE. '95. '961. 

Kansas City, Mo. 


Alexander L. Smith. 
George H. Beckwith. 
Gustavus Ohlinger, '99, 'oal. 
SI -56 Produce Exchange Building, Toledo. Ohio. 

Digitized by 




CIS Empire State BuOding, 


Spokane, Wash. 

6ai'622 Bakewell Buildine, Pittsburgh, Pa. 


Stiite 5^3. FarmcTi* Bank Bldg., Pittsburgh, Pa. 

903 Wells BuUding, 

MUwaukee. Wis. 



0. p. WBNCKBR. 'esU 
iao6^ Commonwealth Bank Bldg. 


Dallas, Texas. 

H. 0. LSDGBRWOOD. 'oal. 
907 American Nat*l Bank Bldg., Port Worth, Texas. 


Main Street, 

Wailuku, Maui, HawaiL 


foreign Countriee 

413 Continental National Bank Bldg., 

Salt Lake City, Utah. 




James Short, K.C Geo. H. Ross, K.C., '07L 
Frederick S. Selwood, B.A. Jos. T. Shaw. LLB., '09L 
L. Frederick Mayhood, LL.B., *iil. 

Calgary, Alberta, Canada. 


C J. France. 

Frank P. Helsell. 'oM. 

436-39 Burke Bldg., Seattle, Wash. 


Barrister and Solicitor, 

Rooms 404-406 Crown Bldg., 615 Pender St. West, 

Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. 


Akron, O. — Every Saturday, at noon, at the 

Poruge HoteL 
Boeton. — Every Wednesday at 12:30, in the 

Dutch Grill of the American House, Hanover St. 
Boston. — The second Friday of each month at the 

Boston Citv Club, at 6 o^cIock. 
Buffalo, N. Y. — Every Wednesday at la o'clock, 

at the Dutch Grill in the Hotel Statler. 
Chicago. — Every Wednesday noon, at the Boston 

Oyster House, Madison and Clark Sts. 
Chicago, 111. — The second Thursday of each month 

at 6:30 p. m., at Kuntz-Remmler's. 
Cleveland. — Every Thursday, from 12:00 to 1:00 

P. M., at the Chamber ot Commerce. 
Detroit. — Every Wednesday at 12:15 o'clock at 

the Edelweiss Cafe, comer Broadway and John 

R. Street. 
Detroit — (Association of U. of M. Women). The 

third Saturday of each month at 12:30 at the 

College Club, ^o Peterboro. 
Duluth. — Every Wednesday at 12 o'clock, at the 

cafe of the Hotel Holland. 
Honolulu, H. I. — ^The first Thursday of each 

month at the University Club 
Houston, Texas. — The first Tuesday in each month 

at noon. 

00. — ^The first Wednesday of every month, 
at noon, at tke New Brunswick House. 

Los Angeles, Calif. — Every Friday at 12:30 
o'clock, at the University Club, Consolidated 
Realty Bldg., comer Sixth and Hill Sts. 

Minneapolis, Minn. — Every Wednesday from 12 
to 2 o'clock, at the Grill Room of the Hotel 

Omaha. — The second Tuesday of each month, at 
12 o'clock at the University Club. 

Portland. — The first Tuesday of every month, at 
6:30 p. m., at the University Club. 

Portland. — Every Wednesday from 12:15 to 1:1 S» 
at the Oregon Grille, comer Broadway and 
Oak St. 

Pittsburgh. — The last Saturday of each month, at 
1 :oo p. m., at the 7th Avenue Hotel, 7th Ave 
and Liberty St 

Rochester, N. Y. — Every Wednesday at 12 o'clock, 
at the Rathskellar in the Powers Hotel. 

San Francisco. — Every Wednesday at 12 o'clock 
at the Hofbrau Restaurant, Pacific Bldg., Mar- 
ket Street. 

Seattle, Wash. — The first Friday of each month, 
at noon, at the College Men's Club. 

Sioux City, la. — The third Thursday of every 
month at 6:00 P. M., at the Martin Hotel. 

Toledo. — Every Wednesday noon, at the Com- 
merce Club. 

Digitized by LriOOQlC 


Vol. XXI. Entered mt the Ann Arbor Poetoffice at Second Omtt Matter. ^Jq^ ^^ 

WILFRED B. SHAW. '04 Witor 

HARRIET LAWRENCE, '11 Asatstant Editor 


T. HAWLEY TAPPING. 'i6h Athletica 

THB MICHIGAN ALUMNUS is published on the lath of each month, except July and September, 
by the Alumni Association of the University of Michigan. 

SUBSCRIPTION^ including dues to the Asseciation, $1.50 per year (foreign postage, soc per year 
additional); Ufe memberships including subscription, $35.00, in seven annual payments, xour-nftfaa 
of which goes to a permanent fund held in trust by the Treasurer of the University of Biichtgan 

CHANGES OP ADDRESS must be received at least ten days before date of issue. Subscribers diang- 
ing address should notify the General Secretary of the Alumni Association, Ann Arbor, promptly, 
in advance if possible, of such change. Otherwise the Alumni Association will not be responsible 
for the deliveiv of The Alumnus. 

DISCONTINUANCES. — If any annual subscriber wishes his copy of the paper discontinued at tbm 
expiration of his subscrii>tion, notice to that effect should be sent with the subscriptioa, or at ita 
expiration. Otherwise it is understood that a continuance of the subscription is desired. 

REMITTANCES should be sent by Check. Express Order, or Money Order, payable to order of The 
Alumni Association of the University of Michigan. 

LETTERS should be addressed: 




VICTOR HUGO LANE. '74*, *781, Ann Arbor, Michigan President 

JUNIUS E. BEAL. '82. Ann Arbor, Michigan Vice-President 

LOUIS PARKER JOCELYN, '87. Ann Arbor. Michigan Secretary 

GOTTHELP CARL HUBER, '87m. Ann Arbor, Michigan Treasurer 

HENRY WOOLSEY DOUGLAS, '9oe, Ann Arbor, Michigan 

DAVID EMIL HEINEMAN, '87. Detroit. Michigan 

ELSIE SEELYE PRATT, '04m, Ann Arbor, Michigan 

WILFRED BYRON SHAW, '04, Ann Arbor. Michigan General Secretary 


Akron. O. (Summit Co. Association), Dr. Urban 

D. Seidel, '05m. 
Alabama, Harold F. Pelham. 'ix. '13I, 1027 First 

National Bank Bldg., Birmingham. Ala. 
Allegan, Mich. (Allegan Co.). Hollis S. Baker, '10. 
Alpena, Mich. (Alpena County), Woolsey W. 

Hunt. '97-*99t m'op-'oi. 
Arizona, Albert D. Leyhe, '99I. Phoenix. Ariz. 
AshUbula. Ohio. Mary Miller Battles, '88m. 
Battle Creek. Mich., Harry R. Atkinson, '05. 
Bay City and West Bay City, Mich., Will Wells, 

Big Rapids. Mich., Mary McNemey. '03. 
BiUings, Mont.. James L. Davis. '07I. 
Buffalo. N. Y.. Henry W. Willis. '02. 193 Massa- 
chusetts Ave. 
Boston. Mass. (New England Association). Erwin 

R. Hurst. 'i3» e'o9-'io. 161 Devonshire St. 
Canton, O. (Stark County), Thomas H. Leahy, 

'12I, 20 Eagle Block. 
Caro, Mich. (Tuscola O).), Lewis G. Seeley, '94. 
(Antral California. See San Francisco, 
(^tral Illinois. Oramel B. Irwin, '99I. 205 S. 5th 

St. Sprin^eld. 111. 
Central Ohio Association. Richard D. Ewinjf. 

'96e, care of American Book 0>., Columbos, O. 
Charlevoix. Mich. ((Charlevoix Co.), Prederi^ W. 

Mayne, '81I. 
Charlotte, Mich., E. P. Hopkins, Secretary. 
(Hiattanooga. Tenn., O. Richard Hardy, '91. care 

of Portland Cement Co^ President. 
Chicago Alumnae, Mrs. E. W. Connable. '96-'oo. 

Winnetka, UL 
(Chicago, III., Beverly B. Vedder, '09. '12I, 1414 

MonadnocK Block. 

Chicago Engineering, Emanuel Anderson, 'ggtp 

5301 Kenmore Ave. 
Cincinnati, Ohio. Charles C Benedict, '02, laay 

Union Trust Bldg. 
(Heveland, O.. Irving L. Evans. 'lol. 702 Western 

Reserve Bldg. 
Coldwater, Mich. (Branch Co.). Hugh W. Clarke, 

Copper Country, Katherine Douglas. '08, L'Anae. 
Davenport, la. (Tri-City Association), (iharles S. 

Pryor, '131. 513 Putnam Bldg. 
Denver. Colo.. Howard W. Wilson. '13, care Inter- 

state Trust Co.. Cor. 15th and Stout Sts. 
Des Moines. la. See Iowa. 

Detroit. Mich.. James M. O'Dea. 'o9e, 71 Broad- 
Detroit, Mich. (Association of U. of M. Women), 

Genevieve K. Duffy, '93» A.M. '94, 7 Marstoa 

Duluth, Minn., John T. Kenny, '09. 'iil, 509 

First National Bank Bldg. 
Erie. Pa.. Mrs. Augustus H. Roth, 264 W. loth St. 
Escanaba, Mich., Blanche D. Fenton. '08. 
Eugene, Ore., Qyde N. Johnson. '08L 
Flint. Mich.. Arthur J. Reynolds, 'oah. 
Fort Wayne, Ind., Edward G. Hoffman. '03!. 
Galesburg. 111.. Mrs. Arthur C Roberts, '97. 
Gary, Ind., John O. Butler, 'osd. 
Grand Rapids. Mich., Dr. John R. Rogers, '90, 

Grand Rapids Alumnae Association, Marion N. 

Frost, '10, 627 Fountain St. N. E. 
Greenville (Montcalm County), C. Sophus John- 
son, 'loL 

(Continued on next page) 

Digitized by 





astinn, (Barry Co.), Mich., W. R. Cook, '86- 

'88, President. 
Hillsdale (Hillsdale County), Mich., Z. Beatrice 

Haskins, Moshenrille, Mich. 
Honolulu, H. T. (Association of the Hawaiian 

Islands), Arthur F. Thayer, '93-'94. 
Idaho Association. Clare S. Hunter, ro6-'io, 

Idaho Bide., Boise, Id. 
Indianapolis, ind., Laura Donnan, '79, 216 N. 

Capitol Ave. 
Incfaam County, (Charles S. Robinson, '07, East 

Lansing, Mich. 
Ionia, Mich. (Ionia Co.), Mrs. Mary Jackson 

Bates, *S9/92, 
Iowa Association, Orville S. Franklin, '03I, Young- 

erman Bld^., Des Moines. 
Ironwood, Mich^ Ralph Hicks, *9a-'93, '990. 
Ithaca, Mich, ((iratiot Co.), Judge Kelly S. Searl, 

Jackson, Mich. (Jackson County), George H. 

Curtis, '04. 
Kansas City, Mo., William P. Pinkerton, 'iil, 

Scarritt Bld^. 
Kalamazoo, Mich., Andrew Lenderink, 'o8e. 
Kenosha, Wis., Claudius C^. Pendill, '13, 405 

Prairie Ave. 
Lima, O. (Allen, Auglaize, Hardin, Putnam and 

Van Wert Counties), Ralph P. MacKenzie, 

'ill. Holmes Bids., Lima, O. 
Los Angeles, Calif., Raymond S. Taylor, '13I, 

820 Union Oil Bide. 
Louisville, Ky., A. Stanley Newhall, '13I, Louis- 
ville Trust Bldg. 
Ludington, Mich. (Mason Co.), T. M. Sawyer, '98, 

Manila, P. I. (Association of the Philippine 

Islands), C^orge A. Malcolm, '04, '06I, care 

of University of the Philippines. 
Manistee, Mich. (Manistee Co.), Mrs. Winnogene 

R. Scott, '07. 
Manistique, Mich. (Schoolcraft Co.), Hollis H. 

Harshman, 'o6-'o9. 
Marquette, Mich. 

M«nominee, Mich., Katherine M. Stiles, 'o5-'o6. 
Milwaukee, Wis. (Wisconsin Association), Henry 

E. McDonnell, 'o4e, 6x9 Cudahy Apts. 
Minneapolis Alumnae Association, Mrs. Kather- 
ine Anna Gedney, '94d, 1808 W. 31 St. 
Minneapolis, (University of Michigan Women's 

Club), Mmnie Duensing, '04, 911 Sixth Ave. S. 
Missouri Valley, Carl E. Paulson, e'o4-'o7, $39 

Brandeis Bldg., Omaha, Neb. 
Monroe, Mich. (Monroe Co.), Harry H. Howett, 

A.M. '09. 
Mt Clemens, Mich., Henry O. Chapoton, '94. 
Mt. Pleasant, Mich., M. Louise Converse, '86, Act- 
ing Secretary. 
Muskegon, Mich. (Muskegon Co.), Lucy N. 

New England Association, Erwin R. Hurst, '13, 

e'o9-'io, 161 Devonshire St, Boston, Mass. 

Newport News, Va., Emery Cox, 'lae, 2x5 30th St. 
"lew York Oty, Wade (Jre ' * "^ ' 


New York (hty. Wade (Greene, '05I, 149 Broad- 

New York Alumnae, Mrs. Rena Mosher Van 

Slyke, '07, 1018 E. 163d St. 
North Central Ohio, Leo C Kugel, e'o4-'o4, '08, 

North Dakota, William P. Burnett, '05I, Dickin- 
son, N. Dak. 
Northwest, John E. Junell, '07I, 925 Plymouth 

Bldg., Minneapolis, Minn. 
Oakland Cotmty, Allen McLaughlin, 'lod, Pon- 

tiac, Mich. 
Oklahoma, Lucius Babcock, '95-'97, 'ool. El Reno, 

Olympia, Wash., Thomas L. O'Leary, '08, 'lol. 

Omaha, Neb. See Missouri Valley. 
Oshkosh, Wis. (Fox River Valley Association), 

Aleida J. Peters, '08. 
Owosso, Mich. (Shiawassee County), Leon P. 

Miner, '09. 
Pasadena Alumni Association, Alvick A> Pearson, 

'94, 203 Kendall Bldg. 

Pasadena Alumnae Association, Alice C. Brow]i« 

'97m, 456 N. Lake St. 
Petoskey, Mich. (Emmet Co.) Mrs. Minnie W. 

Philadelphia, Pa., WilUam Ralph Hall, '0$, 80S 

Withers^oon Bldg. 
Philadelphia Alumnae, Caroline E. De (^eeae» 

'o^, 140 E. x6 St. 
Philippine Islands, Geo. A. Malcolm, '04, '06I9 

Manila, P. I. 
Pittsburgh, Pa., (George W. Hanson, 'o9e, care of 

Legal Dept., Westinghouse Elec. & Mfg. (3o^ 

East Pittsburffh. 
Port Huron, Mich. (St Clair Co. Association), 

Benjamin R. Whipple, '92. 
Portland, Ore., Junius V. Ohmart, '07I, 70i-j 

Broadway Bldg. 
Porto Rico, Pedro del Valle, 'oxm, San Juan, P. R. 
Providence. R. I. (Rhode Island Association), 

Harold R. Curtis, 'x2l, Turks Head Bldg. 
Rochester, N. Y., Ralph H. Culley, 'xo, 514 

wader Bldg. 
Rocky Mountain Association, Howard W. Wilson, 

'x3. Interstate Trust Co., Denver, Colo. 
Saginaw, Mich., Robert H. Cook, '98-'o2, '06I, 5x6 

Thompson Street 

Saginaw Valley Alumnae Association, Mrs. Floyd 
Rai • " • «,....«.« «.. 


San Diego, Calif., Edwin H. Oabtree, 'xsm, Mo- 

Randall, '99, 200 S. Walnut St, Bay City, 
alt Lake City, Utah, WUliam E. Ry' * ' 
Boyd Park Bldg. 

Utah, WUliam E. Rydalch, 'ool. 

Neece Bldg. 
San Francisco, Calif., Inman Sealby, 'x2l, 347s 

Pacific Ave. 
Schnectady, N. Y., J. Edward Keams, e'oo-'ox, 

X26 Glen wood Blvd. 
Seattle, Wash., Frank S. Hall, 'o2-'o4, Univerdtj 

of Washington Museum. 
St Ignace, Mich. (Mackinac Co.), Frank E. Dnn- 

ster, 'o6d. 
Sioux C^ty, la., Kenneth G. Silliman, 'xal, 600 

Farmers Loan and Trust Bldg. 
St Johns, Mich. (Clinton 0>.), Frank P. Buck, '06, 
St. Louis, Mo., (jeorge D. Harris, '99I, X626 Fierce 

St Louis, Mo. (Alumnae Association), Mra. 

Maude Staiger Steiner, 'xo, 51 x N. Second St 
St Paul and Mixmeapolis. See Northwest 
Sault Ste. Marie, Mich. (Chippewa 0>.), Oorge 

A. Osbom, '08. 
South Bend, Ind., Miller Guy, '95I. 
South DakoU, Roy E. Willy, '12I, PUtte, S. Dak. 
Southern Kansas, George (Gardner, '07I, 9^9 Bea- 
con Bldg., WichiU, Kan. 
Spokane, Wash., Ernest D. Weller, '08I, Th« 

Springfield, 111., Robert E. FiUgerald, r99-'o3. 

Booth Bldg. 
Tacoma, Wash., Jesse L. Snapp, 407 C^lifomia 

Terre Haute, Ind., George E. Osbum, '06I, 9 Nay- 

lor-Cox Bldg. 
Toledo, O., Robert G. Young, '08I, 839 Spitzer 

Tokyo, Japan, Taka Kawada, '94, care Japan Mail 

Steamship Co. 
Traverse City (Grand Traversj^ Kalkaska, and 

Leelenau Counties), Dr. Sara T. Chase, 'oom. 
University of Illinois. 
Upper Peninsula, (George P. Edmunds, '08I, Mania- 

tique, Mich. 
Van Buren County, Harold B. Lawrence, e'o8-'ii, 

Decatur, Mich. 
Vicksburg, Mich., Mary Dennis Follmer, '02. 
Washington, D. C, Minott E. Porter, '93e, 51 R 

street, N. E. 
Wichita, Kan., George CArdntr, '07I, First Natl 

Bk. Bldg. 
Winona, Minn., E. O. Holland, '92, 276 C^ter 

Youngstown, Ohio, Dudley R. Kennedy, '08I, 

Stambaugh Bldg. 


Digitized by 



JAMES R. ANGCLL, '90 (mppointed mt large). Secretary of the Committee . Univertity of Chicago 

BARL D. BABST, '93. '941 New York City 

LAWRENCE MAXWELL, '74, LL.D. '04 Cincinnati. Ohio 

WALTER S. RUSSEL, '75 Detroit, Mich. 

JAMES M. CROSBY, '910 Grand Rapids. Mich. 

PROFESSOR G. CARL HUBER. '87m (appointed at large) .... Ann Arbor. Mich. 

DUANE E. FOX, '8x Washington, D. C 


V. H. LANE* '746, '78L President of the General Alumni Association . Chairman of the Council 

WILFRED B. SHAW. '04. General Secretary of the Alumni Association . Secretary of the Council 

Battle Creek. Mich., William G. Cobum, '90. 
Buffalo. N. Y., John A. Van Arsdale, '91, '92I, 

4 Soldiers Place. 
Canton, O. (Stark County), Archibald B. Camp- 

beU, *7im, Orrville, O. 
Canton, Alliance. Massillon. New Philadelphia, 

and Counties of Stark and Tuscarawas, Ohio. 

Wendell A. Herbruck. '09I. 608 Courtland BIdg., 

Canton. Ohio. 
Central Illinois. Harry L. Patton, 'lol, 937 S. 

4th St, Springfield. III. 
Charlotte, Mich.. Edward P. Hopkins. '03. 
Chicag^, 111. ((Chicago Alumnae Association) 

Marion Watrous Angell. '91, 5759 Washington 

Chicago. 111., Robert P. Lament. '9ie, 1607 Com. 

NaU. Bank Bldg. ; Wm. D. McKenzie. '96. Hub- 
bard Woods. 111.; George N. Carman, '81. Lewis 

Inst.: Tames B. Herrick. '82. A.M. (hon.) '07. 

221 Ashland Blvd. 
Cincinnati. Ohio. Judge Lawrence Maxwell, '74. 

LL.D. '04. 1 W. 4th St. 
Cleveland. O.. Harrison B. McGraw. '91. '93I, 

1334 Citizens Bldg. 
Copper Country, Edith Margaret Snell. '09. care 

High School, Hancock. Mich. 
Des Moines. Iowa, Eugene D. Perry. '03I, 217 

Youngerman BIk. 
Detroit (Association of U. of M. Women), Gene- 
vieve K. Duffy, '93, A.M. '94, 7 Marston Court. 
Detroit, Mich., Levi L. Barbour, '63, '651, 66r 

Woodward Ave.; Walter S. Russcl, Vs, Russel 

Wheel & Foundry Co. ; Fred G. Dewey. '02, 610 

Moffat Bldg. 
Duluth, Minn., James H. Whitcly, '92I, First 

National Bank Bldg. 
Erie, Pa.. David A. Sawdey, '76I, *77-*78, 602 

Masonic Temple. 
Fort Wayne, Ind., Edward G. Hoffman, *o3l. 
Grand Rapids. Mich.. James M. Crosby, '9ie, 

Kent Hill. 
Grand Traverse, Kalkaska, and Leelanau Counties, 

Dr. James B. Martin, 'Sim, Traverse City, Mich. 
Ironwood, Mich., Dr. Lester O. Hough ten, *o6m. 
Idaho Association, Clare S. Hunter. 1*06-' 10. 

Idaho Bldg., Boise, Id. 
Kalamazoo. Mich., T. Paul Hickey. Western Sute 

Normal School. 
Kansas City. Mo., Delbert J. Haff, '84> '861, 906 

Commerce Bldg. 
Lansing, Mich.. (Carles S. Robinson, '07, East 

Lansing, Mien. 

Lima. Ohio. William B. Kirk, '07I, sij< Public 

Square, care of Halfhill, Quail & Kirk. 
Los Angeles, Calif., Alfred J. Scott, '82m, 628 

Auditorium; James W. McKinley, '79. 706 

Security Bldg. 
Manila. P. I., E. Finley Johnson. '90I. LL.M. '91. 
Manistee. Mich. 
Milwaukee, Wis.. Paul D. Durant. '951, 902 Weill 


New York (U. of M. Women's Club of N. Y.) 
Mrs. Mildred Weed (^odrich. *96-*97. 161 Hen- 
ry St., Brooklyn. N. Y. 

New York. N. Y., Dr. Royal S. Copeland, •89h, 

63rd St and Ave. A.; Stanlev D. McGraw, '92, 
III Broadway; Earl D. Babst. '93. '94I. 409 
W. isth St 

Phoenix. Arizona. Dr. James M. Swetnam. '70m, 
8 N. 2nd Ave. 

Pittsburgh, Pa.. James G. Hays, '86. '87I. 606 
Bakewell Bldg. 

Port Huron. Mich. (St Clair Co.). William L. 
Jenks, '78. 

Portland. Ore., James L. Conley, '06I, 439 Cham- 
ber of Commerce. 

Porto Rico, Horace G. Prettyman, '85, Ann 

Rochester, N. Y., John R. Williams, '03m, 388 
Monroe Ave. 

Rocky Mountain Association, Abram H. Felker, 
'02, '04I, 318 La Court Hotel, Denver. Colo. 

Saginaw, Mich.. Earl F. Wilson, '94. 603 Bear- 
inger Bldg. 

Saginaw Valley Alumnae Association, Mrs. (^eo. 
L. Burrows, '89, 10 13 N. Mich. Ave., Saginaw. 

Schenectady, N. Y., Francis J. Seabolt. '97e. 609 
Union Ave. 

Seattle, Wash., William T. Perkins, 'SA, 203 
Pioneer Blk. ; James T. Lawler. '98I. 903 Em- 
pire Bldg. 

St. Louis, Mo., Horton C. Ryan, '93, Webster 
Groves Sta., St Louis Mo. 

Southern Kansas, George Gardner, '07I. 929 
Beacon Bldg.. Wichita, Kans. 

Washington, D. C, Duane E. Fox. '81, Washing- 
ton Loan & Trust Bldg. 

Digitized by 


Digitized by V:iOOQIC 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 


Michigan Alumnus 

Vol. XXI. 

JANUARY. 1915 

No. 200 


With an institution 
THE UNiVERsnvs which always aims to 
BIENNIAL REQUESTmarch with, or in ad- 
vance of, the times, 
there is usually little left in the cash 
drawer after the running expenses are 
paid to care for those less immediate, 
but none the less pressing, require- 
ments which spell progress. At least 
this is very true of the University of 
Michigan. The present rate of growth 
shown graphically on another page 
renders the annual income, from the 
mill tax, student fees and other sourc- 
es, barely sufficient for ordinary pur- 
poses. It is well known, as may be 
ascertained from easily available sta- 
tistics, that many other state universi- 
ties are receiving a much larger net 
income than does Michigan. Were the 
appropriations figured per capita for 
each student, the disparity would be 
even greater. (H But laying aside such 
comparisons, and considering merely 
the final efficiency of the University 
and its continual necessity for a reas- 
onable expansion, the total of what 
has come to be a biennial request of 
the University for an appropriation 
from the Legislature cannot seem in 
any way extravagant, though the ques- 
tion of just what is the most pressing 
need is a delicate one. Where one ap- 
propriation is made, * there are ten 
places in which the amount involved 
might be advantageously and judi- 
ciously used. Ci Four years ago it 
was the necessity for a new heating 
and lighting plant which was laid be- 

fore the Legislature, while two years 
ago a new science building, to be the 
largest building upon the Campus, and 
now in course of erection, was provid- 
ed. This year, according to the decis- 
ion of the Regents at their December 
meeting, the two projects which have 
appealed to the Board as the most in 
need of urgent action were an addi- 
tion to the General Library, together 
with an increase in the equipment, and 
a model school, designed to be a train- 
ing school and teaching laboratory un- 
der the direction of the Department of 

No one in touch with 
AN ADomoN TO the University will 
THE LIBRARY question the need of 

the Library. In spite 
of repeated re-adjustments in the past 
few years, which have included the 
incorporation of all the old third floor, 
formerly the art gallery, into stacks 
and seminary rooms, the building is 
hopelessly overcrowded. Seminary 
rooms and reading-room accommoda- 
tions are lacking. While the Library 
aims to gather and care for all mater- 
ial which comes within its range, this 
policy is hampered very materially by 
the present lack of sufficient space. 
The books are crowded on the shelves, 
with temporary stacks blocking many 
passage-ways, and even then, there is 
a great mass of material which is stor- 
ed in other buildings and is at present 
practically unavailable. The over- 

Digitized by 





crowded lower reading room, which 
was designed for a student body one 
third its present proportions, adds 
further force to the argument. CH Ac- 
cording to its latest report, the Library 
numbers 337,417 volumes, with 15,- 
600 items added during the year 1913- 
14. This total is in truth impressively 
large, but a comparison with the libra- 
ries which some other universities find 
necessary for their work shows how 
great a room there is for further 
growth. Harvard has a library of 
1,120,236 volumes and 38,375 added 
last year. Yale has a library of 1,000,- 
000, with 37,546 added last year. Chi- 
cago has 431,544, with an increase of 
31,087 in 1913-14. Cornell has 439,- 
517, with an addition of 16,947 in the 
one year, while Wisconsin, if the State 
Historical Library housed in the same 
building be included, has a library of 
393,000. Pennsylvania has a library 
of approximately 390,000, and Prince- 
ton 380,000. With proper accommo- 
dations and a reasonable increase in 
the income, Michigan might increase 
the effectiveness of the Library to a 
degree far more than proportionate 
to the amount involved in the appro- 
priation. The actual sum involved in 
the request for this purpose has not 
been definitely fixed. 

To those who are fa- 
THE REQUEST FOR miliar with the histo- 
A MODEL SCHOOL ry of the University 

the request for a 
building to be used as a teachers' train- 
ing school, in effect a laboratory for 
the school of education, suggests the 
fact that Michigan was the first insti- 
tution in the country to establish a 
special department devoted to the sci- 
entific study of education and teaching. 
Originally a very modest undertaking, 
the Department of Education became 
under the direction of the powerful 
personalities of the late Professors 
Payne and Hinsdale a model for the 
establishment of similar schools in oth- 

er universities, and is to be regarded 
therefore as the pioneer in a significant 
development of the educational life 
of America. CH Elsewhere, however, 
the idea has now been carried further 
than at Michigan. Model schools sim- 
ilar to the one proposed have been es- 
tablished in recent years at many other 
state universities. According to sup- 
erintendents of schools in Michigan, 
who have been asking for such a 
school for many years, the graduates 
of the University who take up the pro- 
fession of teaching have been hamper- 
ed by their lack of technical training, 
to a certain degree at least, however 
well they have been prepared in their 
particular branches. Consequently 
there has been a strong and increasing 
demand for such a school as is propos- 
ed, on the part of educators through- 
out the State, including the State 
Board of Education and the normal 
schools as well, which has convinced 
the Regents that some action is neces- 
sary. CHOf importance to the people of 
the State when the question comes to a 
final consideration will be the distinc- 
tion between the work of the State's 
normal schools and that of this model 
school proposed for the University. 
The argument of those who advocate 
the establishment of this school is that 
in the last analysis the graduates of the 
normal schools do not quite fill the 
place demanded of the graduates of 
the University engaged in teaching. 
The possessor of a teacher's diploma 
from the University, as regards his 
knowledge of the higher branches, is 
competent to fill the most exacting po- 
sitions. But unless he has had train- 
ing in the normal schools or has had 
actual experience, as many have, he is, 
in the opinion of most school men, de- 
cidedly deficient in the technique of 
his profession. • This in essentials is 
the reason for the establishment of 
this model school, which it is argued 
will give the student who intends to 
become a teacher the necessary prac- 
tical knowledge. 

Digitized by 





In the decision sup- 
SUPI^EME CXMJRT porting the verdict of 
UPHOLDS LAW the Washtenaw Cir- 
cuit Court in the case 
of the People vs. Lawrence Damni, 
given by the Supreme Court of the 
State of Michigan, December 18, the 
constitutionality of the statute against 
selling liquor to a student in the Uni- 
versity was upheld. The law in ques- 
tion is an old one which has practically 
been a dead letter for many years. The 
provision, however, is sufficiently ex- 
plicit, forbidding the sale of liquor to 
a student under penalty of a $200.00 
fine or three months in jail, or both. 
CL Complaints were made against the 
defendant in the case and one other 
local saloon-keeper in October, 1913, 
as the result of the arrest of a student 
who had been celebrating unduly the 
victory of Michigan over Pennsylva- 
nia. Later two other students were 
involved. Following an investigation 
by the University authorities, the first 
student arrested was induced by his 
father, to make a full confession. This 
formed the basis of the case. (S. In the 
trial before the Circuit Court, the de- 
fendant was convicted. This convic- 
tion was unanimously confirmed in the 
recent decision of the Supreme Court. 
CL A previous prosecution of the de- 
fendant on another offense and under 
the same law had been unsuccessful, 
although the local judge, E. D. Kinne, 
'64; went as far as the court can go 
in a criminal case in his charge to the 
jury, directing them to find the de- 
fendant guilty if the facts showed that 
he had sold liquor to a student. The 
jury, however, in spite of what seemed 
the clearest proof, brought in a verdict 
of not guilty. In this second trial, 
the case for the People was represent- 
ed by the prosecuting attorney, George 
J. Burke, '07/, whose contentions were 
upheld by the Supreme Court. The 
penaky fixed upon the defendant by 
the court was a fine of $100.00. In 
the case of the other saloonkeeper, 

held in abeyance until this decision 
was reached, the fine was fixed at 

This decision by the 
TEMPERANCE Supreme Court leaves 
AMONG STUDEhfrsno question in the 

matter. Henceforth 
the sale of liquor to students will be 
illegal, and a matter of decided risk to 
the ssJoon-keeper. The law has put 
a powerful weapon in the hands of 
the authorities in the regulation of a 
difficult question. Whatever practical 
difficulties arise, they will rest largely 
with the saloon-keeper, who is bound 
henceforth to be exceedingly careful 
as to whom he dispenses his wares. 
CH The country has progressed far 
enough in its consideration of the tem- 
perance problem to ensure a general 
recognition of the fact that the Uni- 
versity and the community will be bet- 
ter for this decision, enervation of 
the situation for a period of years 
leads to the conviction that the stand- 
ard of student morals is improving. 
Varsity athletes, over thirty in number, 
at a mass meeting held December 2, 
in Waterman Gymnasium took a stand 
as a body for tempenmce and clean 
living among students. CL This action 
is one sure to arouse widespread in- 
terest. Not because Varsity athletes 
are supposed to be indifferent to the 
best ideals of student life and conduct, 
but because they realized the respon- 
sibility resting with them as leaders of 
student opinion. CL To quote the re- 
port of the Daily of this meeting. 

The prevailing sentiment at last ni^t's 
meeting seemed tp be that, while conditions 
at Michigan are no worse than at any other 
university, an impression has been spread 
about the state that should be corrected. 
Dissipation after football games, betting on 
athletic contests, the use of profanity by 
members of the Varsity teams, and the in- 
discriminate use of cigarettes at athletic 
smokers, are cfhief among the evils which 
the athletes wish to correct. Every man 
present at the meeting seemed to be most 
heartily in favor of any action that would 
best aid in the correction of these evils, 

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and the committee was appointed in order 
that the aid of the Campus societies might 
be secured. The committee is made up of 
the following men: Carroll B. Haff, '15/; 
Raymond E. Flynn, '17; Howard A. Don- 
nelly, '17; and tewis C. Reimann, '17/. 

CH As a matter of fact, conditions at 
Michigan are conceded to be much 
above the average. The reason for 
this is not far to seek. Several years 
ago the fraternities, in the interest of 
good scholarship, united in an attempt 
to suppress the drink evil. Rules were 
adopted prohibiting the use of intox- 
icants in fraternity houses, and fresh- 
men were forbidden to frequent sa- 
loons. A no-treat rule was also pass- 
ed. Besides the reforms accomplish- 
ed by the fraternities, the student body 
has been signally benefitted by the 
good offices of the University Health 
Service in throwing light upon the in- 
evitable penalties that follow in the 
wake of evil practices. This has 
meant the stamping out of the social 
evil and consequent gain in physical 
and moral efficiency. It is also esti- 
mated that as a result of these sane 
endeavors in the interest of physical 
and moral health, the drink habit 
among students has decreased twenty- 
five per cent annually during the past 
tliree or four years. Dr. Howard H. 
Cummings, head of the University 
Health Service, declares that he does 
not believe that there is any other 
community in the world, with a popu- 
lation including an equal number of 
young men, that can present a cleaner 
bill of health, morally and physically, 
than can the University of Michigan. 

Lewis C. Reimann, 
AS VIEWED BY '17I, member of the 
AN ATHLETE football team, pointed 
out, in a recent com- 
munication to The Michigan Daily, 
that the public receives its false im- 
pression of student life on the occas- 
ions of football celebrations, when 
thousands of visitors throng the streets 
of Ann Arbor and assume the license 

which a "day away from home'' al- 
ways appears to inspire in the irre- 
sponsible. Moreover, there is also an 
irresponsible town element to contrib- 
ute its full share to the wrong kind of 
demonstration on these occasions. Stu- 
dents have a part in it all, but a much 
smaller part than the casual observer 
can have any means of determining. 
CH It is because a few reckless mem- 
bers of the student body make it im- 
possible for the University to disclaim 
any responsibility for instances of dis- 
orderly conduct, that Campus leaders 
have publicly denounced drinking and 
carousing. "The real Michigan spir- 
it," says Mr. Reimann, "is 5ie spirit 
of sacrifice for the University. It 
means that we should give our sup- 
port to any movement or practice that 
has as its purpose the general moral, 
athletic, and academic uplift. Any 
practice that dissipates our energies 
and lowers our efficiency can mean on- 
ly one thing — a lower standard of 
school work and athletics. CH Besides 
drinking, to quote the University 
Press Bulletin, the athletes also con- 
demn profanity, betting and the use of 
cigarettes at student gatherings. They 
propose that the need of specific re- 
forms be brought to the attention of 
all Campus organizations for their en- 
dorsement. As one of the Varsity cap- 
tains expressed it, "This is not a Y. M. 
C. A. matter, but a matter of common 
sense." It is this wholesome spirit 
that should free Michigan student life 
of irresponsible conduct, as well as 
those occasional abuses that enable an 
individual or a small group of indi- 
viduals to bring discredit upon the 
student body as a whole. 

Harvard's failure to 
OUR RELATIONS give Michigan a place 
WITH HARVARD on her schedule next 
year will be consid- 
ered with mingled sentiments by Mich- 
igan men. In considering the whole 
question, however, it must be under- 

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stood in all fairness to the Harvard 
athletic authorities that there never 
was any understanding regarding a 
second game. An official statement 
made by Mr. Fred W. Moore, Gradu- 
ate Treasurer of the Harvard Athletic 
Association, published in the Boston 
Herald Decemfber 19, gives the reason 
for Harvard's action as well as the 
correspondence in full, since it was 
felt that there had been a certain 
amount of misapprehension regarding 
Harvard's position. Mr. Moore show- 
ed that in all the correspondence con- 
cerning the scheduling of the first date 
with Harvard there was no mention 
of a second game except in one letter 
dated January 5, 1914, in which Mr. 
Bartelme stated that he was personal- 
ly opposed to the games because of the 
principle maintained at Michigan for 
years of not accepting a game from 
any college without an assurance of 
a return game at Ann Arbor. Mr. 
Bartelme stated also in this letter that 
he well knew that it was out of the 
question to expect this at that time, 
but he hoped Harvard would find it 
possible and agreeable to consider 
playing Michigan on her home ground 
at some future time. CH Nor was any 
mention made of a second contest at 
the time of the game. The first time 
the subject came up was in a personal 
interview in Boston, Nov. 23, 1914, be- 
tween Mr. Moore and Mr. Bartelme 
when Mr. Bartelme asked whether a 
return game at Ann Arbor would be 
possible, not necessarily next fall, but 
perhaps the year after. Mr. Moore 
stated that while he personally would 
like to see a Harvard team go to Ann 
Arbor if such a game would fit in with 
the plans of Harvard's coaches for the 
gradual development of a team, he had 
little hope that the faculty would au- 
thorize it. Nothing was done, even 
tentatively, about arranging a game 
next fall, and in Mr. Moore's words, 
"The impression I got from him was 
that Michigan's willingness to play 
here (Cambridge) would probably de- 

pend very largely on the possibility of 
our coming West the following year." 
(H After the meeting of Harvard's 
advisory committee, Mr. Moore wired 
as follows: 

"Apparently no possibility of Western 
trip this year or next Coaches also Vhink, 
because of green material next fall, mid- 
season game with team so physically power- 
ful as yours unwise. Personally disagree 
and regret decision but game seems impos- 
sible next year." 

Q In a return telegram, Mr. Bartelme 
expressed his surprise and disappoint- 
ment at Harvard's decision, and asked 
what reasons might be assigned for 
the action, to which Mr. Moore replied 
that the decision was final and that 
he supposed, from the previous 
conference between them, that Har- 
vard's inability to consider a return 
game would in any event make a game 
next fall undesirable from Michigan's 
standpoint. CD^ Upon being informed 
of this interview Mr. Bartdme wrote 
to Mr. Moore on December 21, say- 
ing that the statement as given out 
was "absolutely correct in every de- 
tail." He also assured Mr. Moore that 
he had not given out one word in the 
way of an interview despite state- 
ments to the contrary in the press. 
This courteous and reasonable state- 
ment of the relations between the two 
Universities seems to put a somewhat 
different face on the whole question 
at issue. 


Considering the re- 
sult of this corres- 
pondence with due 
philosophy, we must 
acknowledge a proper resignation, if 
not, even, a certain satisfaction, in the 
failure to arrange for this game. This 
does not prevent our fair and square 
recognition of the fact that if the 
game had been arranged we might 
have been quite ready to see principles 
go by the board for once, or, in this 
case, twice, in view of the circumstan- 
ces. Last year Michigan had the 

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weakest team in years, practically all 
inexperienced men. It seemed only fit- 
ting, therefore, in view of the import- 
ance these contests between East and 
West have come to assume, that Mich- 
igan should have the oportunity to 
meet Harvard at ^ least once with a 
more representative team. But after 
all has been said the addition of a Har- 
vard game to Michigan's schedule, is 
on principle, asking too much of the 
team. The trip is a long and hard one, 
and the apparent impossibility of se- 
curing a return game does not com- 
port with what we conceive to be the 
proper dignity of our own university. 
From the point of view of good sports- 
manship we would have liked at least 
one more *'go" with Harvard but cer- 
tain very practical considerations have 
conspired against us. As an ironical 
corespondent who signs himself "Bus- 
iness" said in a recent issue of the 
Daily : 

The ever increasing importance of victory, 
to which the Harvard incident is an index, 
is but the logical outgrowth of the obvious 
trend of college athletics toward the spec- 
tacular. We find this demand greatest -where 
the process is farthest advanced. If tfhe 
crowd is to be amused, the crowd must pay, 
— and the crowd will not pay for too many 

This talk of salaries, gate receipts and 
million dollar amphitheatres that we are 
getting used to, in connection with college 
athletics, can only mean that we have ap- 
plied the methods and skill of commerce to 
what originally was a joyous sport. Our 
highly efficient Mr. Bartelme has been told 
by Harvard's astute Mr. Moore, that good 
business wiU not allow us the pleasure of 
witnessing a game between the two teams 
they represent. We may well be sorry. 
The pleasure that we might have gained 
from witnessing such a contest is great. 
But we can only compliment Mr. Moore 
and his employers for the good judgment 
they have shown in looking after their own 

Ct In other words, Harvard is better 
off on her side of the fence and Mich- 
igan on hers. That seems to be the 
situation in a nutshell. 

What constitutes a 
BUiLD!NGS,FACUL-university? The 
TIES OR STUDENTSquestion is perhaps 

an academic one, but 
there is a certain delicacy in the point 
which will have interest for speculative 
minds. Nowadays when a state, or 
a denomination, or a community, wish- 
es to establish a place where the de- 
vious paths of higher learning may be 
pursued, it first creates the setting, 
buildings, laboratories, recitation halls ; 
then it brings together a body of men 
to teach, and calls them deans, profes- 
sors and instructors. Lastly come the 
students. Most of us perhaps visual- 
ize a university by its physical setting, 
the buildings and laboratories; per- 
haps by its officers and governing 
body, accepting the most obvious as 
the real embodiment. This, however, 
is far from the interpretation of the 
average member of the faculty, who 
perhaps would insist, with a certain 
historical justification, that the facul- 
ties of the various schools make the 
university. CH But certain students 
have been heard of late who insisted 
that they who come to learn constitute 
the university. Probably in this day of 
complex life, unknown in past centu- 
ries, all are right. The student certain- 
ly has reason in history for his view. 
The followers of Abelard in the Paris 
of eight hundred years ago, moving 
from church-porch to cloister on the 
left bank, were the university. If 
their teachers "professed" successfully 
they were listened to, however they 
chose to speak. Otherwise the "uni- 
versity" moved to other precincts. The 
faculty as a distinct and ordered body 
was a later development. To consider 
the university under the guise of its 
place and buildings has least excuse. 
Has not catholic Louvain, in part at 
least, moved to protestant Oxford? 

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Acknowledging that 
CLOTHING A the essence of a uni- 
UNIVERSITY versity does not lie in 
its campus or its 
buildings, there is no one, however, 
who will deny their influence. In a 
well ordered and dignified campus 
where provision for the future is con- 
sidered, the architectural beauty of 
each separate building lends a charm 
in the academic perspectives, which is 
lacking in those universities where 
buildings have been provided as they 
were necessary. CH A certain reserve of 
good nature, therefore, is a valuable 
asset for Michigan men when the ques- 
tion of college buildings is brought up 
in any gathering of college men. 
Friendly critics all, nevertheless our 
friends have a way of expressing as- 
tonishment at a certain lack of im- 
pressiveness in our academic surround- 
ings. Our only defense is a compari- 
son to Topsy's development, and a 
certain invidious satisfaction in a com- 
parison with institutions which have 
sprung "full armed," with their quota 
of beautiful and well ordered collegi- 
ate gothic or renaissance halls. We 
can point, too, to other universities of 
highest standing whose architectural 
garb lacks the dignity of any careful 
plan of development, however efficient 
the individual units may be. CH True, 
there are disadvantages in a scheme 
too well considered. In the laboratory 
buildings of one university, where Tu- 
dor gothic is the prevailing style, only 
ordinary windows were permitted, 
else the balance of the scheme would 
be impaired. It made little difference 
whether the efficacy of the building as 
a laboratory was ruined. How far 
Michigan has freed itself from such an 
incubus may be judged from the plans 
for the new laboratories of the Natur- 
al Science Building, which in essen- 
tials is practically all windows. It has 
also been placed in accordance with the 
general scheme for the erection of 
buildings which was devised a few 
years ago, and which, while not offi- 

cially adopted, has governed the situ- 
ation of our most recent buildings. 
CH We feel, however, that a more com- 
prehensive and far-reaching scheme is 
necessary. Elsewhere, commissions of 
the ablest architects in the country 
have considered the development of 
different universities for all time. Why 
not here? With a vision prophetic 
enough, and perhaps a bit of ruthless 
power, much might be accomplished 
even now for our Campus at no ex- 
cessive expense, and the essentials of 
a scheme be laid down. What we need 
now is a plan for the future. Perhaps 
if we had had one, the two new dormi- 
tories for women, which, while not or- 
ganically part of the University, should 
certainly have entered into the 
scheme, might have been brought to 
harmonize. They are two beautiful 
buildings, and are sure to be orna- 
ments to the Campus surroundings, 
but nevertheless they add two entire- 
ly new architectural notes. Had there 
been something definite placed before 
the architects of these buildings as 
the ideal of the University for the fu- 
ture, the designers might have been 
very glad to bring their conceptions 
into closer correspondence with it. 

There is a perpetual 
A VACATION lack of harmony be- 
READjusTED tween the require- 
ments of the Univer- 
sity in the matter of days and hours 
devoted to the imparting of knowledge 
to supposedly eager learners, and stu- 
dent sentiment regarding vacations. 
One would think, sometimes, that a 
year all vacations and a week all end, 
would be an ideal solution in the minds 
of many. But we probably do them 
injustice. This year, at any rate, the 
dates of the Christmas vacation fell 
with particular severity upon those 
whose homes are at a distance. 
Student sentiment regarding the mat- 
ter was crystallized in the following 
resolution, presented by the Student 

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Council to the President and to the 
Senate Council: 

'*To the President and Senate Council of 

the University of Michigan. 

"WhereaSf the holiday vacation is schcd^ 
uled to begin the evening of December 22, 

"Whereas, this date is inconvenient for 
die student body, making it difficult, if not 
impossible, for those living at a distance to 
reach their homes in time for Christmas, 

"Resolved, that we, the Student Council 
of the University of (Michigan, in behalf o^ 
the student body, respectfully request the 
President and Senate Council that the vaca- 
tion begin the evening of December 18, and 
end the morning of January 5. Signed, 
"Th« Student Council." 

(Si. Accompanying this resolution was 
a letter stating that the primary pur- 
pose of the agitation was not to pro- 
cure a longer vacation, but to provide 
a more suitable arrangement for stu- 
dents living at a distance who would 
not be able to reach their homes until 
the night before Christmas or Christ- 
mas Day. Under such conditions many 
students did not feel justified in re- 
turning to their homes. Great dis- 
cussion followed and weighty editori- 
als in The Daily. (D; At last the Sen- 
ate met, to the effect that the Christ- 
mas vacation was set to begin Satur- 
day noon, December 19, a change of 
one day from December 18. The form 
of the petition was denied, but the sub- 
stance was granted, to the great satis- 
faction of everyone. Residents of the 
fourth and fifth parcel post zones were 
permitted to eat Christmas pie with a 
conscience intact, and with no dread of 
consequences of that most heinous of 
all undergraduate crimes — a "bolt" on 
the day before vacation. 

Similarly happy re- 
REINSTATING sults were consequent 
THE juhaoR HOP upon another petition 
on the part of the stu- 
dent body to the Senate Council, which 
was later referred to the University 
Senate. This was no less than the re- 

establishment of the Junior Hop in its 
ancient glory. Whatever were the 
reasons for its abandonment two years 
ago, and there were charges of extrav- 
agance in costume, entertainment and 
dancing in the press which perhaps 
justified the action, the new Hop is 
to be diflferent. At least it is to be 
conducted under diflferent auspices. 
<! The agitation for its reinstatement 
was undertaken by the junior class in 
the Engineering Department at a class 
meeting held November 19. A general 
petition was drawn up, which was 
signed by twenty-seven class presi- 
dents, and presented to the Senate 
Council at a special meeting on De- 
cember 7. Embodied in this petition, 
were the following rules for the con- 
duct of the Hop : 

1. The hop shall be a dance given by the 
junior classes of the University of Mich- 
igan, Friday evening, in February, between 

2. The management of the hop s^hall 
rest in a committee representing the junior 

3. The members of the committee shall 
be elected in regularly called class-meet- 

4. The dance shall be formal. 

5. The price per ticket shall not exceed 

6. It s'hall be a democratic whole-Uni- 
versity function, which fact shall be made 
plain through class meetings and advertis- 

7. There s/hall be no booths or decora- 
tions, except such as represent the Univer- 
sity, or the junior classes. 

8. The floor committee shall be under 
the orders of the chaperones, and shall be 
directly responsible for the conduct of the 

9. No spectators shall be allowed. 

10. House parties shall commence not 
earlier than Friday morning, and end not 
later than Sunday afternoon. 

These rules are to be considered as a 
general working plan, and subject to your 
amendment. Further details as to com- 
mittee, music, "features," decorations, etc., 
rfiall be settled by the senate committee on 
student affairs. 

CH This petition was duly granted at a 
Senate meeting held one week later. 
The decision will be received with 
satisfaction by many alumni, whose 

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memories of college life center about 
this annual function. While The 
A1.UMNUS does not believe that the 
criticism directed against the Hop of 
the past was to any great extent jus- 
tified, it probably was true that under 
the old system of management, the 
Hop had become somewhat unwieldy 
in its organization and was probably 
not sufficiently representative of the 
student body. Whether the new sys- 
tem will solve the question will prob- 
ably depend upon the extent of the 
support given by the fraternities un- 
der the changed conditions. There is 
surely a place in undergraduate life 
for such a traditionally collegiate 

Echoes of a discus- 
RIFLE PRACTICE sion which has come 
ASAMiNORSPORTDf late to have a na- 
tional interest may be 
found in the fact that nearly a hundred 
men were present at a meeting in Wa- 
terman Gymnasium called December 2 
for the purpose of organizing a Michi- 
gan Rifle Club. Temporary officers, 
to serve until the organization is com- 
pleted, were elected as follows : Harry 
A. Moul, eng. spec, Philadelphia, Pa., 
president; Intra-mural Director Floyd 
A. Rowe, '08^, secretary; H. T. Gis- 
bome, '16, Montpelier, Vt, treasurer; 
and Ralph W. Hussey, '15, Princeton, 
m., captain. Director Rowe outlined 
the requirements that must be fulfilled 
before the Michigan club could become 
a member of the National Rifle Asso- 
ciation of the United States. The 
first step was taken towards filling 
these requirements when officers were 
elected, and there now remains the ne- 
cessity of securing a bondsman for the 
organization and a suitable place for 
stacking rifles. Membership in the 
national association will secure for 
Michigan marksmen the use of the 
government rifle ranges, and in addi- 
tion, the government, upon petition 
from the Governor of the State, will 

furnish one rifle for every five mem- 
bers of the club, while for every mem- 
ber it will supply 120 rounds of am- 
munition a year. 


Dr. Angell celebrated his 86th birth- 
day on January 7, 1915. He re- 
ceived many friends who congratu- 
lated him on his continued good 

The November 15 issue of "Ameri- 
can Lawn Tennis," the official organ 
of the American National Lawn Ten- 
nis Association, contained an article 
on lawn tennis at the University of 
Michigan, testifying to the fact that 
tennis is a sport that is attracting more 
and more attention at the University. 

The Ann Arbor Civic Association 
tendered a dinner to the football squad 
on Monday evening, December 7, in 
the Armory. Regent Junius E. Beal 
presided as toastmaster at the banquet, 
calling upon Professor Filibert Roth, 
of the Forestry Department; Profes- 
sor Ralph W. Aigler, of the Law De- 
partment; Captain Raynsford and 
Captain-elect Cochran for speeches. 

As a departure in methods of keep- 
ing the alumni in touch with the Uni- 
versity, "Campus News Notes," pub- 
lished as one of the regular University 
Bulletins under the direction of the 
Michigan Union, was issued on De- 
cember 17. Edward W. Haislip, '14/, 
of Kalamazoo, was editor of the pub- 
lication. Enough copies of the book- 
let were printed to provide one for 
every alumnus and every student. In 
the booklet every branch of Campus 
activity that might be of interest to 
the alumni is given space, including a 
resume of the football season just past, 
information regarding the diflFerent ac- 
tivities of the Michigan Union, the Y. 
M. C. A. Campaign, and the Opera as 
well as many items of general interest. 

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Senator Robert M. La FoUette, of 
Wisconsin, spoke before an audience 
of 3,500 in Hill auditorium on Mon- 
day evening, December 7. The first 
part of the program was taken up with 
a lecture on "Hamlet," and later he 
told the "Story of Wisconsin." 

In memory of Jane Owen Turner, 
'96-'97, whose death occurred August 
29, 1904, Mary M. Turner, '92, of De- 
troit, has given the sum of $300 for the 
estaUishment of a loan fund for Uni- 
versity women. The fund will be ad- 
ministered as the Jane Turner Loan 
Fund by a committee consisting of 
President Hutchins, Dean Myra B. 
Jordan and Miss Turner. It will be 
available at the opening of the second 
semester of the present year. 

As the sixth annual play of the Ora- 
torical Association, Goldoni's "A Cur- 
ious Mishap" was presented on the ev- 
enings of December 4 and 5 in Uni- 
versity Hall. Professor R. D. T. Hol- 
lister, of the Department of Oratory, 
acted as director of the production. 
Principal parts were taken by Walker 
Peddicord, '14, '16/; Frances L. Hic- 
kok, '15, Louis Eich, '12, instructor in 
Oratory; Leslie W. Lisle, 14, '17/; 
Bess Baker, '15; Ethyl M. Fox, '15; 
and Earl A. Ross, '15. 

On December 10, a week before 
starting on their eastern trip, the Glee 
and Mandolin Clubs of the University 
gave a well attended concert in Hill 
Auditorium. The feature of the pro- 
gram was the appearance of Durward 
Grinstead, '14, *i6l, of Louisville, Ky., 
and Harold L. Nutting, '13, '15/, Mc- 
Connelsville, Ohio, in a skit entitled 
"When Salome Danced before the 
King." "That Michigan Band," the 
marching song recently composed by 
Charles D. Kountz, '02/, sung by the 
Glee Club, was received with interest. 
All royalties derived from the sale of 
the song will be turned over to the 
Band by Mr. Kountz. 

A number of improvements have 
been made within the last few months 
at the University Hospital. The Phar- 
macy has been moved into new and 
spacious quarters in the Surgical 
Building, the old quarters having been 
long since outgrown. In the Medical 
Ward the laboratories have been re- 
modeled and equipped with the most 
modem apparatus, while a new system 
of lockers has been instituted for stu- 
dents working in the Hospital. 

Forty-one members of the Glee and 
Mandolin Clubs of the University 
were taken on the annual trip during 
the Christmas vacation. Concerts 
were given in Toledo, Ohio, on De- 
cember 19; Cincinnati, December 21; 
Youngstown, Ohio, December 22 ; and 
in Rochester, N. Y., on December 23. 
At Rochester the clubs disbanded until 
January 2, when they gave a joint con- 
cert with the Harvard Glee Cliib at the 
Hotel Pontchartrain in Detroit. Pro- 
fessor J. A. C. Hildner, of the German 
Department, accompanied the clubs as 
faculty representative. 

A Campus Fire Department has 
been recently organized to co-operate 
with the Ann Arbor fire department in 
case of fire on the Campus. It is made 
up of employes of the University, 
chiefly from the Buildings and 
Grounds Department. The chief of 
the department is the Superintendent 
of Buildings and Grounds, and under 
him are five captains and ten vice-cap- 
tains. Fire drills are held from time 
to time without notice to the employes. 
The fire alarm is sounded by long 
blasts of the siren in the Power House, 
the location of the fire being signaled 
by the blasts of the whistle. A salvage 
squad has been formed, in addition to 
the firemen, whose duty it is to re- 
move from the burning building such 
articles as would be damaged by fire 
and water. Their first duty, however, 
is to remove from the building all ex- 
plosives such as ether and gasoline. 

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Preparations for the meeting of the 
Newspaper Institute, composed of all 
newspaper men in the State of Wash- 
ington, which is to be held in a short 
time at Seattle, are in the entire charge 
of two Michigan graduates, Francis 
G. Kane, '08, and Lee A White, '10, 
A.M. '11, who are connected with the 
Department of Journalism of the Uni- 
versity of Washington. The holding 
of such a meeting is a comparatively 
new idea in journalism, and its results 
will be closely watched by members of 
the Rhetoric Faculty of the University 
who are interested in the work. 

At their December meeting, the Re- 
gents of the University were informed 
by the Librarian of the University 
that the Library had received a valua- 
ble gift from the American Bible So- 
ciety, consisting of 105 volumes rep- 
resenting translations of the complete 
Bible or parts thereof intd eighfy-thfee 
different languages. Of four of these 
languages the University has hitherto 
had no specimens ip the Library. 
Many of them will be of use to for- 
eign students to whonj these languages 
are native tongues. Others will be of 
special value to the professors in lin- 
guistics and comparative philology. 
Professor Meader was especially glad 
to obtain specimens of certain West 
African dialects, while Professor San- 
ders was pleased to have specimens of 

During the coming season, the Dra- 
ma League of Ann Arbor is planning 
to bring to the city three plays of na- 
tional repute. One of these will be 
"The Yellow Jacket," a play given in 
the Chinese style with unique and 
elaborate Oriental settings, which has 
met with success wherever it has been 
shown. While the other plays have 
not yet been definitely decided upon, 
Margaret Anglin in "Lady Winde- 
mere's Fan" will be presented together 
with Bertha Kalich in a new play ; or 
the "Misleading Lady," of which Paul 

B. Dickey, 'o2-'o3, 'os-'o6, is one of the 
authors. An active campaign to raise 
the guarantees for these performan- 
ces has been begun by the League, 
and an effort is being made to in- 
crease the membership. After the 
first of the year a series of lectures 
will be given under the auspices of the 
League on subjects dealing with dra- 

The program of the Oratorical As- 
sociation for 1914-15 is as follows: 
Professor T. C. Trueblood, who ap- 
peared in "Ingomar," October 22 ; the 
annual play, "A Curious Mishap," 
which was given December 4 and 5; 
followed by Leland Powers in John 
Galsworthy's "The Pigeon," Decem- 
ber 18 ; and the Peace Contest, on De- 
cember 21. The remaining events are : 
the Chicago vs. Michigan Debate — 
"The Monroe Doctrine," January 15; 
Margaret Stahl in "Every woman," 
February 23; University Oratorical 
Contest, March 2 ; Debate, Illinois vs. 
Michigan, March 26; Cup Debate, 
April 30. The annual election will be 
held on May 8. 

Before an audience of 3,500, the 
Mimes of the Michigan Union pre- 
sented a "Spotlight Vaudeville" in 
Hill Auditorium on the evening of De- 
cember 16. The program consisted of 
six feature acts which had never be- 
fore been presented in a Campus en- 
tertainment, including a playlet, "Hy- 
acinth," written for the occasion by 
Leon M. Cunningham, '16, of Bay 
City. The bill also contained an act 
by George M. Moritz, '15, of Chicago, 
and Chase B. Sikes, '16^, Wayne, en- 
titled "A Lamp, A Maid, A Man" ; a 
musical act, a monologue, a chalk talk 
featuring Campus celebrities and a 
dancing act. Music was furnished by 
a twelve piece orchestra. Louis K. 
Friedman, '15, of Pittsburgh, Pa. pres- 
ident of the Comedy Club, was chair- 
man of the committee in charge of the 

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On the evening of November 30, 
Dr. Reuben Peterson, of the Universi- 
ty Hospital staff, spoke before more 
than fifty health service representa- 
tives from the various fraternities, sor- 
orities and house clubs on the subject 
"Contagious Diseases and Their Re- 
lation to Fraternity Houses." In the 
course of his lecture Dr. Peterson 
traced briefly the advance in the use 
of asepsis and antisepsis in surgery, 
and applied these principles to com- 
mon use in the treatment of diseases 
of a contagious nature. He then gave 
instances of how contagion had spread 
in the past by carelessness in coming 
in contact with infected persons, and 
advocated more sanitary measures in 
the various groups, the use of a com- 
mon napkin coming in for especial 

Mr. Frank F. Reed, '80, and Mr. 
John M. Zane, '84, of the Chicago bar, 
have presented to the Department of 
Law a collection of etchings and en- 
gravings of prominent jurists of this 
country and England. The collection 
includes portraits of the following 
men : Chief Justice White, Alexander 
Hamilton, James Kent, Chief Justice 
Taney, Daniel Webster, Thomas Jef- 
ferson, Abraham Lincoln, Sir William 
Blackstone, Lord CoUeridge, Lord 
Ashburton, Edmund Burke, Lord 
Campbell, Sir Edward Coke, Lord 
Brougham and Lord EUenborough. 
They have been framed and are hang- 
ing in the lecture rooms of the Law 
Building. Both Mr. Reed and Mr. 
Zane are non-resident lecturers of the 
Law Department. 


Near the center of the Campus. As it appeared during the evenings of 
Christmas week. 

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The increase in attendance at the University of Michigan is shown 
graphically in the two following diagrams. These emphasize particularly 
the remarkable increase in attendance of the last ten years, during which 
the registration has increased almost 50 per cent, or from 4136 to 6500 (est). 

There are a number of interesting studies of cause and effect which 
might be worked out from the various yearly fluctuations which these dia- 
grams show. A marked increase in attendance as the result of a return to 
normal conditions in the period following the war is shown in the curve 
from '66 to '68, with a succeeding falling-off the following three years. A 
gradually increasing enrolment up to 1872 was sharply interrupted during 
the great panic of the following year. 

The sudden falling-off in '85 and the following years was probably the 
result of the addition of a third year to the Medical course, which went 
into effect in 1888, and the lengthening of the term by the Law School in 



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^ — 













. . . , 1 


















1 1 











• ! 













? ' 


^ i 

1885. Again, the addition of a fourth year to the Medical course in 1890 
and a third year in the Law School in 1895 is shown in the curve for the 
years immediately preceding. The falling off in 191 1 is possibly due to the 
increased requirements in the Medical Department. There has also been a 
decided falling-off in the Law Department for the past two years for a sim- 
ilar cause, but the general increase in the other departments has been so 
marked that there is no decided effect in the curve. 

The growth of the Summer School, shown in the accompan3ring curve, 
is also of interest. The fluctuations since it was established in 1892 are on 
the whole more marked than in the curve for general enrolment, but the 
tendency has been decidedly upward, with only one period of positive de- 
cline during 1910 and 1912. The immediate reasons for these changes are 
more difficult to ascertain, though the recent reorganization of the Summer 
School and enrolling the students in all departments under the one Summer 
School administration is shown plainly in the sharp upward curve of the 
last three years. 

It is of interest to note that the attendance at the University has quad- 
rupled since 1888, tripled since 1890, and doubled since 1899-1900, — or in 
just fifteen years. 


To many alumni who remember the days before a gymnasium was 
considered a necessary part of academic equipment, the present agitation 
on the part of the students through The Daily and a series of petitions to the 
Regents for an increase in the size and equipment of Waterman Gymnasium, 
will perhaps be a surprise. Perhaps the inadequacy of the present 

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quarters will be an even greater shock to the alumni of not so many years 
back who remember how more than adequate Waterman Gymnasium seemed 
in the first years of its usefubiess. As is true in almost every branch of 
the University's activities, the whole question is brought about and condi- 
tioned by the fact that the number of students has more than doubled in 
fifteen years. 

Naturally a gymnasium which was adequate then can hardly be so 
under the new conditions. The enormous freshman gym classes this winter, 
200 at a time, the many class teams, the different tournaments and clubs for 
minor indoor sports, to say nothing of the Varsity athletes at work, bring 
about a congestion which is a handicap upon physical training and athletics 
at the University. 

Basketball, the chief indoor class sport, is now restricted to night prac- 
tice. On the four evenings of the week when there are no freshman gymna- 
sium classes, the class athletes are allowed to use the main floor, but there 
are so many basketball teams that each one is given but two twenty minute 
periods a week for practice. The same unsatisfactory accommodations are 
found for the minor sports. Wrestling and fencing are restricted to the 
small rooms, each group having three days a week available. The room de- 
voted to boxing is probably the most in use of any of this class of sports, 
although at all available hours the handball courts are sure to be over- 

Indoor track sports are also seriously hampered, the gymnasium classes 
restricting the use of the field men in training to a few hours in the late after- 
noon. This inability of the track men to obtain sufficient early practice 
is perhaps more serious than the inconvenience arising from the fact that 
the distance for both dashes and longer runs is shorter than in most of the 
gymnasiums in which the men compete elsewhere. The space available 
for dashes is only thirty-five yards, with forty yards for the hurdles, an 
average of ten yards shorter than in many other gymnasiums. The run- 
ning track is also a fourteen lap course, as against the ten and twelve yard 
indoor ovals of Michigan's principal rivals. 

The lack of practicable exits for a large crowd has necessitated the limit- 
ation of spectators at indoor track meets to 500, and interest in indoor track 
work has therefore declined correspondingly. 

Even more serious, perhaps, is the crowded condition and inadequate 
bathing facilities provided for the hundreds of students who use the gym- 
nasium. As was pointed out by The Daily, there are only twenty-four show- 
er baths, most of which have seen service for the two decades since the 
gymnasium was erected. At that time they were probably able to accommo- 
date the students using the gymnasium. Now they are absolutely inadequate 
for the 1,950 lockers, to say nothing of their insanitary condition. In many 
of the freshman classes students are forced to leave the gymnasium without 
bathing, owing to the late hour at which some of the classes are dismissed. 

The remedy is either an addition to the present building or an entirely 
new gymnasiimi. There seems no possible relief in the present building, 

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^ as practically every inch of space is used. The remedy suggested last year 

j by the Athletic Board in Control is the enlargement of the gymnasium itself. 

, The Daily, in an article on the general situation, suggests the extension of the 

! main floor fifty feet on both the west and east ends, carrying the structure on 

the south even with the director's office. This would give convenient room 

for basketball courts on the main floor, a better track on the balcony, athletic 

offices on the first floor and better accommodations on the second floor for 

boxing, wrestling and fencing. It would also provide for much needed 

bathing and locker facilities in the basement. 

In support of the argument for increased facilities for athletic training. 
Dr. Vaughan, in a statement quoted in The Daily, expressed his disapproval 
ol the present day methods of athletic training, and advocated a system 
which would give to every student in the University a r^^lar prescribed 
course of . outdoor training throughout the year. He believes that the 
present day system of college gymnasiums is wrong. "In this University 
each student pays a fee of five dollars for athletic training, and it is pre- 
cisely the average student, the one who should be reached, who does not 
derive much benefit from his fee." Dr. Vaughan therefore believes that 
there should be regular courses in outdoor athletics in which credit should 
be given towards graduation in the same way that it is given for mathematics 
or languages. Included in this perhaps would be walking, running, boxing, 
swimming, following an examination into what each student needs. There is 
not a time of the year when some sort of athletics would not be possible, 
no matter whether it stormed or not. 

As the principal means to the ultimate accomplishment of this propa- 
ganda of outdoor athletics the year round, Dr. Vaughan suggested the erec- 
tion of a large building which he termed a "barracks" on Ferry Field, which 
should contain lockers, shower baths and a swimming pool. Such a building, 
which would be comparatively inexpensive, would act as a center for these 
outdoor sports. 
f As the result of the agitation for better gymnasium facilities, the fol- 
' lowing petition, signed by over a thousand students, was presented to the 
Regents at their last meeting : 

' "To the Board of Regents of the University of Michigan : 

We, the undersigned students of the University of Michigan, most respectfully 
petition yoa to take steps to procure increased gymnasium facilities." 

This petition was also signed by practically all of the undergraduate 
Campus societies. A similar resolution was passed by the Directors of the 
"M" Club. The matter was presented to the Regents at their December 
meeting. They referred the whole question to the Buildings and Grounds 
Committee for investigation and report. 


Although the effects of the war and the financial stringency particu- 
larly noticeable during the past month might be supposed to have an ad- 
verse effect upon attendance at American universities, the reverse has been 

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true. A general resume of the early registration in a large number of leading 
universities by Henry T. Claus, published in The Boston Transcript for 
November 11, shows an increased attendance in most American universi- 
ties. In part he ascribes this to the fact that many students who would 
have normally gone to Europe for training have enrolled this year in Amer- 
ican universities and colleges. Particularly is this true of the graduate 
schools of our higher institutions, where men who had planned to obtain a 
professional education abroad have perforce registered in large numbers in 
American schools. Likewise, many Amercians who had already spent a 
year in Paris or Berlin have returned to complete their work at home. 
There is also a certain percentage of European students, probably 
not large, however, who have come to America as the only great center 
of higher education where they might pursue their work in peace. Dis- 
cussing certain factors shown by the comparison of the figures for the past 
two years, Mr. Claus says: 

Of more than sixty representative American universities and colleges, only nine 
show a smaller enrolment for 1914-15 than for 1913-14. And in nearly every icistancc 
there is some substantial reason for the decrease. At least two other interesting de- 
ductions may be drawn from the reports returned by the various institutions. It is 
apparent, for example, tfcat the requirements for admission to the professional schools 
are gradually becoming standardized and that, as far as the undlergradute college is 
concerned, were steadily, even rapidly, moving toward an equalization of educational 
opportunities. With the opening of this year half a dozen universities — mostly located 
in the West — have put their law or medical schools on a higher plane. Hereafter 
they will demand at least one year of college work as a prerequisite for entrance to 
the professional departments. How far the ruling of the American Medical Associa- 
tion has been a factor in this academic development is not indicated, but it is a fact 
that the society's refusal to recognize as first-class schools those which were on the 
^ame admission level with the undergraduate college has in the past few years stirred 
many colleges to immediate action. It oug^t to be said, liowcver, that the general 
tendency is in the direction of putting all strictly professional or vocational schools 05 
a graduate basis. Eventually all of our leading universities would have voluntarily 
taken this step. Pressure by outside agencies has only hastened the procedure. 

The other conspicuous development in higher learning is quite as much economic 
as educational. Comparatively speaking, the college is still for the few but not to the 
extent that was true a decade ago. There seems to be a greater and greater apprecia- 
tion of the fact that the ability to pass a stiff examination in certain rigidly fixed high 
school subjects does not necessarily label a man as fitted for college. The conviction is 
growing that it is possible to do constructive thinking in shop-work as well as in Latin 
or in geometry. Tliat this conviction has been so late in coming is due largely to a fear 
of decreasing the standards of admission to college. Just as soon as it was discovered 
that the process was a broadening and not a lowering one a revamping of requirements 
was begun. Today, nearly every college is wrestling with the problem of opening its 
doors wider, of giving the same academic opportunity to the boy naturally educated in 
the public high school as to the boy educated in the special fitting school. 

Harvard, Boston University, Brown and Tufts are all considerably larger Aan 
in 1913-14. Yale's gain in enrolment is slight, but it's a gain and the university is 
satisfied Columbia, counting the summer session, Barnard College and other afl&liated 
schools, bas passed the 10,000 mark and is today the world''s largest university. Cali- 
fornia, Illinois, Cornell, Pennsylvania, Michigan, New York University and Wisconsin 
are all rapidly becoming goodsized towns in themselves. The registration figures of the 
-various colleges and universities for this year and last are given below. Unfortunately 
the same ground is not covered in all cases. Different institutions have different 
methods of computing registration. The statistics : 

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1 88 



1913-14 1914-15 

Allegheny 407 399 

Amherst 420 415 

Bates 404 425 

Boston College 383 440 

Boston University 722 813* 

Bowdoin 343 ^ 394 

Brown 961 loii 

Bryn Mawr 467 434 

Clark College : 166 143 

Colby 413 442 

Colgate 454 515 

Columbia 9773 10961 

Cornell 4619 4848 

Dartmouth 1329 1390 

DePauw 667 642 

Hamilton 196 190 

Harvard 4354 4516 

Holy Cross 547 575 

[ndiana State 1330 1459 

Johns Hopkins 832 869 

Knox 330 348 

Lafayette 569 560 

Lehigh 625 672 

Leland Stanford 1739 1884 

Massachusetts Agricultural 606 612 

Mass. Inst, of Technology. 1680 1818 

Middlebury 327 337 

Mt. Holyoke 777 799 

New Hampshire 389 478 

New York University 5637 5^5 

Northwestern 4490 4632 

Ohio State 3708 5395 

1913-14 1914-15 

Prmceton 1599 1665 

Purdue 1861 1961 

Radcliffe 560 588 

Rhode Island State 251 275 

Pennsylvania State 21 15 2246 

Simmons 1036 1078 

Smith 1549 1610 

State University of Iowa.. 2542 2725 

Syracuse 3830 4000 

Trinity 257 247 

Tufts 1064 1226 

University of California ..7266 8481 

University of Illinois 5259 5620 

University of Maine 984 1122 

University of Michigan . . .6008 6302 

University of Minnesota ..1491 1700* 

University of Nebraska ...3752 3793 

University of Pennsylvania 6564 7368 

University of Rochester .. 439 487 

University of the South . . 129 135 

University of Vermont . . . 615 630 

University of Virginia 867 896 

University of Washington. 2270 2738 

University of Wisconsin . .4468 4901 

Vassar 1072 1116 

Wellesley 1480 1452 

Wesleyan 420 461 

Western Reserve 1407 1556 

Williams 496 500 

Worcester Polytech 535 541 

Yale 3263 3289 

*Not complete. 

As is remarked above, the disparity in the figures for certain univer- 
sities is due to the different methods of computing registrations, as well 
as to the disproportionately large summer schools in some institutions such 
as Columbia where the total is increased enormously by the 5,590 enrolled 
in the summer school last year. The enrolment in the college at Colum- 
bia last year was 905, with 677 at Barnard College. Likewise Califor- 
nia, which is showed to have an extraordinarily large number enrolled, 
includes the summer session, which was attended by 3,179 students. Mich- 
igan's summer session enrolment last year was 1,549. Michigan still has 
probably the largest number of students upon the one campus during the 
academic year of any university in the country. Omitting the summer ses- 
sion Michigan stands fourth in order, according to figures given in Science 
for December 25, with Columbia (6,752), Pennsylvania (5,736), and Cali- 
fornia (5,614) leading. 


The University was well represented at the meetings of the various 
learned and scientific societies which were held as usual during the holidays, 
a large number of Faculty members, former professors and alumni now con- 
nected with other institutions presenting papers at the different confer- 

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ences. The following list of papers and discussions, while by no means 
complete, is as full as it was possible to make it. 

The fourteenth annual meeting of the Association of American Law 
Schools was held December 28, 29 and 30, at Chicago, 111. Dean Henry 
M. Bates, '90, who acted as a member of the Executive Committee during 
the past year, conducted a round table conference on "Administrative 
Law." On December 29, the Conference on Legal and Social Philosophy 
held a joint meeting with the American and Western Philosophical Associ- 
ation, the American Political Science Association and the Association of 
Law Schools. At this meeting Mr. Bates led a discussion of the papers 
presented. Dean Bates also attended the meeting of the Order of the Coif, 
the legal Phi Beta Kappa, held at the Congress Hotel, Chicago, on Decem- 
ber 29, of which society he is president. 

At the meeting of the American Historical Association, held in Chicago, 
December 29-31, inclusive, Professor Andrew C. McLaughlin, '82, '85/, 
A. M. (hon.) '96, of the University of Chicago, as President of the Asso- 
ciation, delivered an address entitled "American History and American 
Democracy." Professor Edward R. Turner spoke on "The Privy Council 
of 1679," ^^^ Professor Earle W. Dow, '91 on "Roger Bacon, 1214-94." 
A discussion of one of the papers was also given by George N. Fuller. '05. 

The American and Western Philosophical Associations also held a 
joint meeting at the University of Chicago, December 28, 29 and 30. At 
this meeting Professor A. H. Lloyd presented a paper entitled "The Du- 
plicity of Democracy." 

The thirty-first session of the American Association of Anatomists 
was held at the Washington University Medical School, St. Louis, Decem- 
ber 28-30, in affiliation with the Physiological, Biochemical, Pharmaco- 
logical and Pathological Societies. Dr. G. Carl Huber, 'Synt, of the Uni- 
versity of Michigan, as President of the Association, gave an address en- 
titled "The Development of the Albino Rat, from the End of the First 
to the Tenth Day after Insemination," which was illustrated with lantern 
slides. Professor Rollo E. McCotter, 'low, presented a paper entitled 
"Distribution of Nervus Terminalis in Man," with the lantern, and gave 
a demonstration of Dissections Showing Origin, Course and Distribution 
of Nervus Terminalis in the Human fetus." Dr. Huber also presented 
a paper entitled "On the Anlage of the Bulbo-urethra and Major Ves- 
tibular Glands in the Human Embryo," by Arnold H. Eggerth, '09-' 12, 
'i3-'i4, of the University of Michigan. 

The American Society for Experimental Biology met at St. Louis, 
December 27-30. At the opening sessions of the various societies. Dr. 
Chas. W. Edmunds, 'oim, '04, presented a paper entitled "Some Vasomoter 
Reactions in the Liver," and papers were also given by George B. Roth, 
'06, '09m, and William Worth Hale, '04m, '08. 

Professor W. H. Hobbs gave the first of two papers, entitled "New 
Evidences for the Existence of Glacial Anti-Cyclones," and "On the Ryth- 
mic Action and the Vertical Range of the Desert Sandblast from Obser- 
vation in the Libyan Desert and the Anglo-Egyptian Soudan," at the meet- 

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ing of the American Association of Geographers, held at Chicago during 
the holidays. Both of the papers were presented by title at the meeting of 
the Geological Society of America at Philadelphia. 

The Modern Language Association held its thirty-second annual meet- 
ing at Columbia University, December 29-31, inclusive. Professor John S. 
P. Tatlock delivered a paper on "The Spirit of Shakespeare's Troilus and 
Cressida:" Professor Clarence L. Meader, '91, Ph. D., '00, discussed "Leo- 
nid Andreev ;" and Professor Morris P. Tilley gave a paper entitled "Allu- 
sions in Sixteenth Century Dramatists (includmg Shakespeare) to the 
Puritans' Tensive Care for the Well Bestowal of Time'." Professor Calvin 
Thomas, '74> A. M. 'yy^ LL. D. '04, of Columbia University, also gave 
an address at a smoker at the University Commons. Benjamin P. Bour- 
land, '89, A.M. '90, of Western Reserve University, and Professor Tatlock 
were vice-presidents of the Association during the past year, and with 
Professor Arthur G. Canfield and Professor Charles M. Gayley, '78, LL.D. 
'04, of the University of California, are members of the Executive Com- 

The twentieth annual meeting of the Central Division of the Modem 
Language Association of America was held this year at the University of 
Minnesota, December 29, 30 and 31. Professor Solomon F. Gingerich, 
Ph.D. '09, presented by title a paper on "The Influence of the Bible on 
Wordsworth and Coleridge." The following altunni also read papers: 
Professor Edward H. Lauer, '06 A.M. '09 of the State University of Iowa ; 
Dr. Ronald S. Crane, '08, of Northwestern University ; and Professor Karl 
H. Young, '01, of the University of Wisconsin. 

At the meeting of the American Mathematical Association, held at 
Chicago, December 28 and 29, Chester H. Forsyth, an instructor in mathe- 
matics in the University, presented a paper entitled "A general formula 
for the valuation of bonds." Mr. Forsyth was introduced by Professor 
J. W. Glover, of the Mathematics Department of the University. 

The American Association for the Advancement of Science met at 
the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, from December 28 to January 
2. The meetings of numerous affiliated societies were held at the same time. 
Paul H. Hanus, '78, of Harvard University, acted as vice-president of the 
Section on Education, and Professor Karl E. Guthe was a member of the 
Council for the meeting. Robert S. Woodward, *72e, Ph. D. (hon.) '92, 
of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, is Treasurer of the Association. 

The twenty-third annual meeting of the American Psychological 
Association was held at the University of Pennsylvania, December 29-31. 
As retiring vice-president of the Section of Anthropology and Psychology of 
the American Academy of Science, Professor W. B. Pillsbury delivered 
an address on the subject "The Function and Test of Definition and Method 
in Psychology." Floyd C. Dockeray, '07, A. M. '09, of the University of 
Kansas, displayed an exhibit of Tachistoscope. 

The American Society of Zoologists held a joint meeting with the 
Zoology Section of the American Association for the Advancement of 
Science at Philadelphia, December 29-31, inclusive. Professor A. Franklin 

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Shull, '08, retired as a member of the Executive Committee of the American 
Society of Zoologists. Before the Genetics Section, Professor Shull read 
a paper entitled "Parthenogenesis and Sex in Anthothrips Verbasci." A 
paper was also given by Samuel O. Mast, '99, of John Hopkins University. 

At the meeting of the American Society of Naturalists, held at the 
University of Pennsylvania on December 31, addresses were given by Her- 
bert S. Jennings, '93, and Horatio H. Newman, Ph.D. '05, of the University 
of Chicago, formerly an instructor in the University of Michigan. Raymond 
Pearl, Ph. D. '02, of the Maine Agricultural Experiment Station, was 
during the past year a member of the Executive Committee of the Asso- 

The Archaeological Institute of America, in conjunction with the Amer- 
ican Philological Association and the American Anthropological Association, 
held its meeting at Philadelphia and Haverford Pa., December 28-31. Pro- 
fessor Francis W. Kelsey is one of the three honorary presidents of this 
Association. Sidney F. Kimball, instructor in Architecture in the Univer- 
sity, delivered a paper on "Thomas Jefferson and the Origins of the Class- 
ical Revival in America." Papers were also given by George Hempl, '79, 
of Stanford University, and Charles R. Morey, '99 A.M. '00,. of Princeton 

At the meeting of the American Philological Association, papers were 
given by George D. Hadzits, '95, A.M., '96, Ph.D. '02 of the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania; George Hempl, '79, of Leland Stanford University; 
and Robert B. English, Ph.D. '06, of Washington and Jefferson College. 
Professor Henry A. Sanders, '90, A.M. '94, was a member of the Executive 
Committee during the past year. 

Professor F. N. Scott, '84, with Professors T. C. Trueblood and R. D. 
T. Hollister, '02, A.M. '03, attended the meeting of the National Council of 
Teachers of English held in Chicago on November 26-28. 

Professors J. S. P. Tatlock, Karl E. Guthe, and Ulrich B. Phillips, 
attended the meeting held at the Chemists' Club, New York City, January 
I and 2, for the purpose of organizing the Association of American Pro- 
fessors. Professor Tatlock and Professor W. H. Hobbs, who was not 
present at the meeting, were members of the National Committee. The 
purpose of the new organization is to improve in every way the status of 
American professors. 

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From the November Gothamite of the University of Michigan Club 
of New York, we reprint the following outline of a plan which has been 
presented to the President of the General Alumni Association with a 
request that it be submitted to the Alumni Advisory Council for con- 
sideration in the near future and report at the Annual Alumni Meeting next 

At the annual meeting of the Club, a matter was presented which 
promises much for the University. It concerns the formation of a One Per 
Cent Club of Michigan men. The avowed purpose is to assist the Univer- 
sity, in a financial way, by the creation of a constant and cumulative fund. 
This is to be accomplished by its members providing in their wills that one 
per cent, of their estates, or an estimated equivalent, shall go to the Uni- 
versity. The original idea was conceived by Rolla L. Bigelow, '05^, of New 

By formal action at the last meeting the officers of the Club were di- 
rected to refer the entire matter, as a suggestion from the University of 
Michigan Club of New York, to the President of the General Altunni 
Association, with the request that it be brought to the attention of the 
Alumni Advisory Council for its consideration and action. This idea 
appears to be fundamentally sound and the indications are that it will 
do much, not only for Michigan, but for the sons of Michigan. 

The tentative plan of the Committee and the resolutions are reprinted 
here in full : 

Tentative Plan to Develop a Permanent Endowment for the 
University op Michigan. 

First : Form an honorary society, club or association 

Second: Name it "The One Percenters." 

Third: Make equality of opportunity to do for the University the 
central motive of the club. 

Note: Create the one place, the one plan, whereby a man can do 
in proportion to what he has as much toward the perpetuation of his ideals 
as any other man can do. Make the plan equally fair to all so that no 
man shall gain in memory more than another. 

Fourth: Membership to be restricted to matriculates of the Uni- 

Fifth: The members to provide in their wills that one per cent, of 
their estates shall go, at their death, to the University of Michigan. 

Note: This method gives to every alumnus of the University the 
chance to subscribe equally with every other alumnus towards creating 
this endowment. 

Sixth: Limit the amount any man can give, through the club, to 
one per cent. 

Note: Whatever a man's means, he gives one per cent, and no more. 
Many men would like to give their one per cent, as a token, not as a 

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1915] A ONE PER CENT CLUB 193 

measure of the part the University has played in their lives. The man 
of small estate would know that by giving his one per cent., his name 
takes its place upon the' Roll of Honor beside that of the man whose es- 
tate is one hundred times as much. 

Seyenth: Make it a part of the club constitution that the amount 
of any one bequest should never be made public. 

Note. Many Alumni would like to give their one per cent, but if 
at the same time they must publish their financial condition to the whole 
alumni list it might mitigate against the idea. 

Eighth: It is suggested that the management be vested in a com- 
mittee of possibly nine members. 

Note: (a) Three to be selected from the Board of Regents, (b) 
Three to be selected from the Faculty, (c) Three to be selected from 
the Alumni. 

Ninth : The disposition and handling of the funds can be left to 
the discretion of the Board or it may be specified in a constitution in wha/ 
mater the funds are to be used. 

Note: It might be well, for instance, to stipulate at the inception 
that none of the club's funds shall be used for building or equipment ; but 
shall be devoted to research work, particularly to the salaries of pro- 
fessors, in order that the financial means might be provided whereby the best 
minds of the world could pursue, through the University of Michigan, 
such lines of effort as will place our University at the head of the uni- 
versities of the world. 

Tenth : The investment of funds should be carefully guarded from 
the beginning. 

Note: It is suggested that the funds be invested only in the direct 
obligations of Municipalities and States of the United States, or the United 
States Government itself, and further, that the obligations of such muni- 
cipalities must meet the legal requirements of the Savings Bank laws of 
New York State; and that all securities must be bought directly from 
the municipalities at public sales, and no securities purchased through 
bankers, brokers or other agents. 

Eleventh: It is hoped to so frame this organization that it will 
appeal to every local alumnus. 

Note: While he is alive, while his funds and resources are in active 
use, while he is still grappling with the uncertainties of life, and feels he 
might be called upon at any time for the money he might hesitate to give. 
But when his life is finished, and he has no further use for this world's 
goods, he bequeathes one per cent, of his estate, and one per cent, only, t<> 
the perpetuation for other men of what was probably the largest artificial 
factor in his own existence. This is not a measure of value, it is simply 
an expression of his appreciation of the part the University has played 
in his life. His natural heirs should have no cause for complaint. One 
per cent, from a bequest should not affect any heir. The amount is too 
small to affect the estate ; it is too small to affect any heir. It is given at 
a time when the man who has earned and acquired it has no further use 

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for it. It would have been received by those who, through their own efforts^ 
have no claim upon it, and does not deprive them of anything they ever 

The following is the resolution adopted: 

Whereas the Committee appointed by the Board of Governors to con- 
sider the one per cent, plan recommends that the proposal for the formation, 
of a Club, Society or Association to be known as the "One Percenters,''' 
or under some other name, and composed of alumni who agree to pro- 
vide in their wills that one per cent, of their estates, or an amount esti- 
mated by them to be the equivalent to one per cent, of their estates, shall pass- 
to the University of Michigan, be referred to the Alumni Advisory Council 
of the General Alumni Association of the University, for its consider- 
ation and action. 

Be It Further Resolved that the Officers of the Club be directed 
to communicate with and refer the entire subject, as a suggestion from the 
University of Michigan Club of New York, to the President of the GeneraF 
Alumni Association with the request that it be brought to the attention of 
the Alumni Advisory Council, for its consideration and action. 



A Toledo Association of the University of Michigan Alumni was or- 
ganized in Toledo in 1892 with Henry W. Ashley, '79, as president, and 
Fordyce Belford, '91/, secretary. Though the records of the old organ- 
ization have been mislaid, it appears that Dr. Willard J. Stone, '99, *oiw^ 
William Sanger, '98, Hon. U. Grant Denman, '94/^ together with the pres- 
ident and secretary named above constituted the officers of the Association 
up to the present organization in January, 1913. The old organizatior> 
was active for a number of years, and did much to stimulate and centralize 
the interest of the Toledo alumni in the University. A number of ban- 
quets were given, at one of which the University was represented by Pres- 
ident Angell. 

A reorganization came in January, 1913, when the name, The University 
of Michigan Club of Toledo, was adopted. The constitution of the re- 
organized club provided for a membership of men only. The present offi- 
cers and the executive committee of the Club are as follows : 

John H. 0'Leary,'o5/, President; Frank A. Kapp, '10, First Vice- 
President ; Edward G. Kirby, '10/^ Second Vice-President; Robert G. Young,, 
'08/, Secretary; Paul T. Gaynor, '12/, Treasurer. Executive Committee: 
John H. OXeary, '05/; Frank A. Kapp, '10; Edward G. Kirby, '10/; Rob- 
ert G. Young, '08/; Paul T. Gaynor, '12/; Gustavus A. Kir'^hmaier, 'S^p; 
Fordyce Belford, '91/; W. L. Rhonehouse, 'loh; Henry W. Hess, '98, M.S, 
'99; Thos. F. Heatley, 'iim; James F. Hannon, '13d. 

The organization in January, 1913, came about as the result of a de- 
sire, particularly on the part of the younger graduates, for a more active 

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The Toledo Commerce Club 

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JOHN H. O'LEARY. *osl 
President, X914-XS 

First Vice-President 

association. A number of alumni conspired, as one of the officers expressed 
it, to ''commandeer" a meeting of undergraduates. From this meeting, 
called to order by Robert G. Young, '08/, the present organization dates. 
Henry W. Ashley, '79, took the chair after the meeting was called to order, 
and a discussion of the problems of organization followed, with speeches 
from Henry W. Hess, '98, M.S. '99; Fordyce Belford, '91/; Harry E. King, 
'91, A. M. '02, Ph. D. '10; Frank A. Kapp, '10 and John D. Diggers, '09. 
It was discovered that a strong sentiment for a live organization existed 
and a committee consisting of Henry W. Ashley, '79 ; Frank L. MulhoUand, 
'99/; and John P. Diggers, '09, was appointed to provide a constitution 
and by-laws for the new organization. 

The second meeting was held in due time, and the University of 
Michigan Club of Toledo became a reality, with the following officers: 
Harry E. King. 91. A.M. '02, Ph.D. '10, President; John H. O'Leary, '05/, 
Vice-President ; Henry W. Hess, '98, M.S. '99, Vice-President ; Edward G. 
Kirby, '10/, Secretary; Frank A. Kapp, '10, Treasurer. 

The annual dues were placed at $2.00 for each member, with a fiscal 
year dating from March, 191 3. In confining the membership of the new 
association to men, the Club departed somewhat from tradition, but fol- 
lowed the example of many other associations, particularly those of the 
larger cities. 

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Secretary Treasurer 

In March, 19 13, the first dinner of the Club was held at the Commerce 
Club, with about two hundred present. The Secretary of the General 
Alumni Association, Wilfred B. Shaw, '04, pointed out some of the ad- 
vantages of organization, and indicated certain policies which might well 
be followed by the new organization. A quartet from the Varsity Glee 
Club also aided greatly to revive the interest of the Toledo alumni in the 
University. It was from this night that the success of the Toledo Club 
may be dated. 

An immediate result of organization was the establishment of noon 
luncheons every Wednesday at the Boody House, which were held through- 
out the year. These proved great centers of Michigan fellowship, and 
many times some "new" old alumnus would drop in to pay hfs reispects. 
Quite out of the ordinary was the visit of Roberto G. Sada, '08^, who, in the 
role of a refugee from Monterey during the Madero episode in Mexico, 
furnished some interesting first-hand information. 

The first banquet of the Association was held in May, 1914, at the 
Hotel Secor, with more than two hundred attending. President Hutchins, 
Dean Bates, Dean Vaughn and Dean Cooley were the representatives of 
the University, and helped to make the evening one that Toledo*s alumni 
will never forget. Judge E. Finley Johnson, '90/, of the Federal Court 
of the Philippines, was included in the program, as was also U. S. Dis- 
trict Attorney U. Grant Denman, '94/, and Reverend Geo. E. Mclllwain, 

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General Chairman of the Glee and Mandolin General Utility Committeeman with a record of 
Club Concert held December 19, 19x4 never missing a Michigan meeting 

*90. The Midnight Sons' Quartet from the Varsity Glee Club provided 
the music. While acting as toastmaster at the banquet, the president of 
the Association, Harry E. King, '91, A. M. '02, Ph. D. '10, delivered an 
invitation to the Association to spend an afternoon with him at his summer 
home, "Maple Grove," on the Maumee River. In June, 1914, he made his 
invitation good. One afternoon about sixty men boarded the good launch 
*'Arrawanna" for a memorable outing at his beautiful home on the river. 

The present year promises even greater successes for the Association. 
Beginning this fall, the weekly Wednesday luncheons are held at the Com- 
merce Club in the Nicholas Building, where from thirty to fifty men meet 
every week. Occasional speakers discuss current events. On the day of 
the Harvard-Michigan game, the Club had luncheon at the Kaiserhof Cafe, 
where a special wire gave the results of the game. These more or less 
informal gatherings of the Toledo alumni are among the most successful 
features of the work of the new organization. 

The latest enterprise of the Toledo Association is the entertainment 
on December 19, of the Varsity Glee and Mandolin Clubs, which held the 
first concert of their vacation trip at the Scott High School auditorium. 
The spirited enthusiasm of the songs and music of the Clubs carried the 
audience with them, and made the concert one of the best Michigan even- 
ings that Toledo alumni can remember. The concert was followed by a 

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dance in the gymnasium. The committee in charge of the concert and en- 
tertainment was Fordyce Belford '91/; Robert M. Lane, '06; Dr. Robert 
H. VoUmayer, *o6d and Dr. Wm. L. Rhonehouse, 'lofc. 

Next April the Michigan Union Opera will appear at the Auditorium 
Theater. Plans are already under way to give it a proper welcome. 

The efforts of those who have helped to organize the Toledo Associa- 
tion have not been in vain. The members have responded with eagerness, 
.and have established a center of Michigan spirit and democracy which they 
hope to make effective in a practical way through the establishment of a 
Toledo Scholarship Fund. 

Items concerning many Toledo alumni will be found in their proper 
places in "The News from the Classes." 

University News 



With the opening of classes following the 
Iholiday vacation, Trainer Steve Farrell, of 
the track team, has started active prepara- 
tions for the coming indoor season for his 
1915 Varsity. Several of the athletes who 
•will compete for Michigan this season were 
^mong those who stayed in Ann Arbor 
-during the holidays, and these men worked 
-out regularly in the gymnasium under the 
^trainer's active direction. 

Every indication points to a strong dual 
-track team for the Varsity this year, al- 
:though the squad will probably not be able 
to earn the high place Michigan has had 
in previous years at the Eastern Intercol- 
legiate. There will be few stars on the 
rteam this year, for nearly all of the men 
wiio brought back the third place honors 
from Cambridge last year have gra-duated. 
'Captain Kohler, Seward, Bond, and Jansen 
;are all gone, and these point winners of the 
1914 aggregation will be sorely missed. 
Captain Harold Smith and Ferris are the 
-only ones left of the athletes who contribut- 
ed their share to Michigan's total at the 
d)ig Eastern classic last spring. 

Captain Smith is a sprinter and won 
his colors in the century and 220-yard 
•dashes in the Harvard Stadium. Ferris 
reamed his right to the Intercollegiate *^M" 
by taking fifth place in the broad jump. 
These alone, of the big squad of men who 
"have signified their intention of coming 
•out for the 1915 team, will wear the coveted 
'Varsity "M" on their jerseys this year. 

But with a big squad of young Varsity 

recruits and some stars of 1914 All-Fresh 
fame in prospect, the task of developing 
a well-rounded team does not look so diffi- 
cult to Trainer Farrell as might otherwise 
be the case. Among the "aMa" men who 
will be eligible for competition are several 
athletes who missed winning their Varsity 
letters by the narrowest of margins, and all 
of them are capable performers in their 
events. Moreover, the majority of them 
are juniors, and on the verge of their 
greatest efficiency. 

Unless present indications are no cri- 
terion, the big star of the 1915 team, outside 
of Captain Smith himself, will be the 
sophomore Wilson, whose work thus far 
in the pole vault has been no less than 
phenomenal. Wilson is a Californian, 
which means that he is an athlete. Last 
year he was ineligible for All-Fresh com- 
petition through scholastic deficiencies, but 
he is all right this season, and Farrell 
looks for big things from him. Wilson has 
already broken the gym record in prac- 
tice, going up to n feet 7J4 inches several 
times. He is credited with 12 feet 6 inches 
out of doors, which stamps him as a 
wonderful performer. 

Smith is certain to shine in the century 
and 220-yard dashes, while Ferris is expect- 
ed to bolster up tiie broad jump squad. 
Contrary to the rule of previous years, 
Michigan seems destined to be strong in 
field events this year, with capable ath- 
letes in the two jumps, the pole vault and 
the weights. Captain Kohler will be sorely 
missed in these last, but the sophomores 

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Cross and Kessler, with Phelps, Cochran 
and Quail from the upper classes, should 
furnish strong opposition to any set of 
weight men. 

Waterbury, another 1917 man, is Far- 
rell's best in the high jump. Last year this 
youngster did 5 feet 9^ inches consistently. 
1?his season Corbin, another sophomore, 
has been showing well. Corbin is a hurd- 
ler and has the natural form for the high 
jump. Cross and Kessler will be Wilson's 
chief assistants in the pole vault, while 
several capable jumpers are working out 
with Ferris in his event. 

O'Brien, Fontana, Ziegler and one or two 
more will appear with Captain Smith in 
the dashes. The colored lad, Lapsley, is 
prepared to do his usual stellar work in 
the indoor meets, where his ability as a 
dash man has neaer been questioned. Cat- 
lett, Corbin and Crumpacker are Farrell's 
best men in the hurdles. 

The distance runs show a big field of 
capable men. Ufer and Fox both wear 
"aMa"s. Captain Carroll of the 1914 All- 
Fresh is generally conceded to be a second 
Haimbaugh, w-hile Waters, Trelfa, Kuiv- 
inen, Graumann and Donnelly are all strong 

Donnelly may put his entire time into the 
half-mile, where Murphy of last year's 
Varsity squad is now the strongest man. 
In the quarter-mile run Herrick and Burbey 
are the most likely men, although their in- 
experience is likely to militate against 


The action of the Harvard athletic 
authorities in declining to schedule a 1915 
game with Michigan played havoc with 
the efforts of the Varsity schedule makers, 
with the result that, as this is written, the 
names of the teams which will be met in 
IQ15 are still mysteries. 

Although they had been practically warn- 
ed by dispatches from Boston to the effect 
that Harvard might not place Michigan 
on its schedule again, the official announce- 
ment of Professor A. S. Whitney, chair- 
man of the Athletic Board in Control, con- 
cerning the situation, came as a surprise 
to the majority of the Michigan rooters. 

Th^ following is Professor Whitney's 
statement and fully explains the situation : 

"On Saturday, December 12, Athletic 
Director Bartelme received a telegram 
from Mr. Moore, the graduate treasurer 
of the Harvard Athletic Association, to the 
effect that there was apparently not a pos- 
sibility of a western trip by the Harvard 
football team this year or next, and that 
their coaches thought because of green 
material next fall a mid-season game with 

a team so powerful physically as Michigan 
would be unwise. In reply to a query by 
telegram as to whether the decision of the 
Harvard authorities was final, Mr. Moore 
replied in the affirmative." 

This decision is particularly disappointing 
to Michigan because of the fact that the 
Varsity had met the Crimson in 1914 with 
an acknowledgedly weak team, in the hope 
that they would be given an opportunity 
in succeeding years to avenge possible 

The problem of filling the place left 
vacant by Harvard is the chief one now 
before the Michigan athletic authorities. 
That th€ nine-game schedule will be re- 
tained is considered a certainty because of 
its success this year. For this reason sev- 
eral new opponents must be found. Van- 
derbilt, De Pauw and Harvard, of the 
teams met this past year, will not be on the 
1915 schedule, it is unofficially announced, 
and substitutes must be found for them. 

The annual game with Cornell will be 
the big "home" battle, with the Ithacans 
coming to Ann .A.rbor for the second suc- 
cessive year. Philadelphia will be the 
scene of th« Michigan-Pennsylvania game, 
which will probably be the last on the 
schedule. Syracuse will come to Ann Ar- 
bor, as will also M. A. C, these two battles: 
furnishing the features of the Varsity's 
mid-season play. Case and Mount Union 
will be the practice tilts, with one other 
small team added. 


Michigan once again put a man on the 
mythical All-American football el