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notn ud QMrin. fnly ». IMS. 


|R(Ittnnt of interromnmntnrtion 



"WboB fevBdt auk* » net* of,**— Captaik CoTTUii 

Januart — June, 1906. 


puBuncD AT rwt 



HotM and QaariM, July M. INI. 


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NOTES AND QUERIES. tio- s. v. j^«. o. looo. 

A HMrf i>i«<ir ol r»ik-lynra, tnperatltion. Md Wltchcntt Vy 
MtKOtKNI' Ll'l'V WlUt * tubllafKjihj bf W.^AOGA^hll » 
JIMn. Sj b*i . mv»t-l»««, :■, 7J 

■• VVhBl » *^l S-1<1 a' rttekrch It opaned an' k rarj hrarlv 

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TBi»l>>l** '— *'^'("'» JAiWy f'««ji 'A <»reriil, nvapiT IheujhtMul a»d 


ihu No«k 


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• (rpi) ana rieKBtlfal pifMr."- '' 

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Bhimptumn tBdBbi^dDeu ti> rurrvai ltJea«."^('»HiC ^u 

UrMUaHtnO •nfrf«tl>r "- llunJn l numr 

hhaKKs.-EaKR l-iiiU«. MuorflatdB. Uvvrpool. 


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ol Favtile. Kim >'*tk»dn> , I'.i-eolninlBl AItu-. HIbds 0>thf>dnl fill 
uwalinr* dron br Hr. A. f. (!..nrmd«K Vl«« o( Ibr Ktw W»r iMn>-e 
(4ra«n hy Mr K H Ltai'ii , 4tolp>nr«, >eir W«r iilllra , Hew M*lrl«. 
V«f»attl«a ' f row PnnuHC>ftph«», Vievn of f>ld Londnn, R«nbkBlitni<nt 
JltBinc. iripm ITUt. IB toe Vnct CiiliectlOBi L'adBr th« Irmpla 
rortics i^T <b« tidliori, Charah ol H> 8r-|lu« mad Hac.bui. (.'•'»- 
BCBKtlncp I- tbc t'ur>ruonrr ol re. HnphiB i rmm fnmtursd Jlrswlnn* 
BBd !th«>ich<!« bf Mr A. B. HcBdrrtoQ nlLh FIbbb, RBCtlBB Bad H/ml 
ytaa. rer*p«ctive h^'cnont rhoirfrr«obtr ll<afetr«Uoa« of I^CbII, bIbo 
TanoQ* l>?t*ii« xad l>r«crlpcli>n la Trii), bIbb the Commaoo^rneat of 
a P«rl<9i of ArilcJ^i C^tQ^pot'■ ColamniDn ' MBih«mBtlc4l Metiiodi aad 
Ual* lor Archllrcw.' with alh»r rnt*re«tla« HatWr. b'>lli Llttrarjaad 

IArtiiUc-rraui Office aa abofr lU. . bf po«t, <j.( j. or thniagh aaj 

TBNTH XUITION, prlcaTwoRhlllleti. 

1ELESTIAL M0TI0N8: a Hafidv Book of 

'' ABtraaomr TMih BdlUoa. Wlch I ri.Mi. It; Tt. V. LYNN. 

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CT1CKPHA8T PA8TK la tnlle* bett«r ibnn Oum 

C? for BUebiBr In R«TBp« jnlntnr l*ap«rB. A« JLf d>l. , Bn«t Xf. with 
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far A aamplB fioiilc iBfU'imc Hratl. Fator^. rtovar loaf Caurt, 
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l-'KANCIH Prlnwr of lh« ilUlrnir.,n, yMt> «kI Uimik 
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, M.O. 

tnRVH^ir FSriHAThH lor ail kind* ..( HuoK. NKWM. 
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MR. L. CULLKTON. 92. Piccadilly, London 
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Ior0«ll«ftl iilnBlfTlrlsiHwtin auRland. HcotJuu 
AMir*«Utrd tjittn lk>ciini«BU Ooplvd, Kiundt- : :«u«V 

POfvlffli K«»Mrrh. I ofcprlrd rii», KnqulrUa in*i'.«"] Mr rullcuw* 

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srmtl; radacad^ Ib bow r«aitr. and «IU ba Bce( poit (rea apoa 
applimtlaa u> W. iL gMlTU * (tUM. Ubnu7 UcparlBaU, UB, 8t>ma<, 
I Lofkdoa, W.O. 

•"rrM« hxnicr on xhat •ukjorc Acknowlrdurd Ui* world 
OT^r B» Chr iti'itt VKprrt l^nokllndcrv BXtADt. iMBBBO »LBt« itaala.— 
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to Uia aiMllaat la«tlltit« pr«Mni»il \ij ibalr Mtmnch Hobbs Ib LoBdea 
for filllnK, OD thr mnal raroaraMa UrmB. i>rdf«ra for tliair o«a 
CaulocntB iBol na applleatloa. 


X (Tin 


(T1i« LBAHRNHALL IMIRHY. IM . I*ub[|ihen ui4 rrtnlcn, 
K. LvadvahaJI Vtrwc Londim. R O.i 
CnnUlni halrlva* P*p«r. »T«r whirti ihtr p«n allpt with 
tra*dAtn Hlipcnrvcarh &# per <1ur«b, rulad or plain. Htm 
I tilt*. ^^ per fl'iren. ruled xr plain 

I Authnra khnnld nnie ttiat 1'he l«ad«nh«Jl Treaa, I<t4 . canant 
. r^ipnuatbltr fnr t>i« loM of Mnfl, b; lira or oiharwlaa. l>aplUai« e<i|i.«* 
, ataioatd b« retained. 






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'"'» VT t-'N'TS.-No. loe. 

inoiil.. l-SirThomut Nevlll, 3— 

,' I -Ah EnrlliT Clxriri l^ral) 

""■(tT Miilda' Moinjy ** — 

1 lUllwny- nir.l9 of B»»t 

I Jiiiiifeiin'ft Works, 7. 

QDBKiKS -t'uritiiiiil*' t'llUm — Kfivolilrd Anlnula— Sty-It 
•luf C*>rf ' S<v)tt \n lr«l«nil, * — 1 liomiu Uitrrr — V»\: 

..T. .-1... V...1 •• _ ^t»;t.... . ^swlx-v — PlTiM •■•■' "--(.I 
• Inth^MfU 1 

• I'T : Annul'- ', 

"'" ■•■■■■.I 1' ^.,;i- 

!■ .. ,1 i;^nic 
;i I iirtt- 

, ■ '. .. .^ii;. UV^luii— liraiuiiMi, 

ljrlii<1let,»n, 10. 

N'l-M ^v•■>^f■ «. lO-'KliiR Nulcrncker'— 

rinr (/iliiUllniiH Wniitril — 

f'if.inC*-' MllllJiry DUcl- 

jLpliv — B€»wi"« fjf Klfiiid — 

.M».'. ITIl. IV Niirwlch CViiirl 

■-J..I1I1 FlILi — Clnireli 8i>mii!i 

I, KipltiK llie L'H'p : Klyliig or 

Till riiu PiiiiiMir, S.J.-Aiitlu 

ly'-WKlth !'i>rm. ]4-A»tlioiiy 

;ii|>c« In Loniloii — Mnlliurrv mn1 

■ ilmll.iw — " J*n Kee»," IJ — Piirll«- 

. .. ., — ,.i ;— Jnhn»on'» * LlVM r>t (he Poete'— 
nnw rt «ou Iai>Ke'— fiurkr't 'PceiAge'— Kevtew* 

"'' <ti«p«*rMii Ditoorery. 


f?» my remarks on llio increasing beauty 
fA ~ >. un(Jer the lioatJ ' Kinjisway an<l 

A I (iMff S. iv. 301), I iiartially re 

v; .:vt hft<l been 'louo durinp the last 

» , in tlitMuakitig of new tlioruu^li- 

(,. ' ivenvent of oUl. It will 

ti to me to extend the 

!• . "orlc accoraji!i!»he<J in the 

« intero«ting and galisfactory to all 


•<tit demand for wi<lili and open 
r; I. X, uardenH, and playi^rouiKls, has 

1- tul some work in that direc- 

ti Mientiimi In Hyde Park and 

Kvn^in^tiiu (iardens, originally one expanse, 

..f ^ 

III thu M'idt-niiiK 

• '"Ml iif Kingi" 

iiolio* lllkt 

■■] with tli^ 

■ '*)!, in fni|iariK<« 

iirv, for llatlicTt) 

' -liuulil 


wo have a grand inheritance. The Park 
and tfie Gardens have been carefully 
preservotJ, and prof^ressivo tawle in the 
culture and arrannement of flowers and 
shrubs (especially of the sumptuous rhododen- 
dron) has greatly enhanced their beauty. A 
great work here has been the rectification of 
the Serpentine, the necessary complement of 
the landscape. Its existence has not been 
happy. Made for pleasure and ornament by 
Queen Caroline in 1730, it bad nevertheless 
become the filth deposit of adi'jtrict of grow- 
ing London. The polluted West Bourn was 
long sufl'ered to brin>? down the tiew^l^e, and 
although the evil stream bad been diverted 
Home years before the "forties," the lioriid 
deposit remained, and was even nugniented 
at times of floo<l. Tlie Metropolitan Drain- 
a«o scheme, a work of great mngiiitudo 
which must have mention here, although, as 
underground, it did not affect the outward 
beauty of I^ondon— finally shut ofl' all .sewer 
communicatiun with the i^erpentine ; but not 
until ten years later (1870) were the clean- 
ing, deepening, and shaping of the lako 
effected. And al though its present supply of 
water from well*i and surface drainage, and 
occasionally from the metro]iolitan system, 
iit not generous, we have now a handsome 
lake. Green Park and St. James's, as 
the Rfttellites of Hyde Park, have sliared 
in the advatice of eniiglitened cultuie. 
Regent'a Park and the much loved "Zoo" 
have also progressed ; and in the more modern 
Ijondon the old, wholesome example has been 
followe<l in the making of Victoria, Halter- 
sea, and several minor parks. Not only this, 
but every green and common has become a 
pleasaunce : and the grand old squares are 
more carefully tended, their green lawna and 
noble trees (wonderful in the !ieart of Ixm- 
don) compensating us for the clouded skies 
and wet weather we sometimes find depressing. 
Finally, in the list of these open spaces come 
thelasthomesof past generations : (he burial- 
grounds of thetlemi have become the gardtMia 
of the living, in some instances the j)layground 
of chihlren. 

It was about the end of the forties that tlio 
liuilding of Gothic churches was revived. 
(Irock churches, correct or incorrect, an<l 
built to serve equally the living and 
the dead, bad lieen long in vogue ; now 
ii -. tiuHlifcval English form again com- 
1 ilself. It is nutliccoming locriticiio 
.. ... iy thn fiiNi <-xi\nii)lu8 of the revival, or 
even the " i .is * then eflfected ; mis- 

takes no <i.. • made, and it would be 

sad indeed it after sixty ypars of l)ui!ding 
nothing had been leariiL One of the fir^t 


NOTES AND QUERIES. Cio- b. v. jan. e. i90ft 

churches of revived Gothic in the recollection 
of the writer *va3 St. M&tthew'a in the City 
Road, not very far from tiie "Angel" at 
Islington, a pleasanter quarter Ihen than 
now. Holy Trinity, Paddington, ia also 
reraerabered as a brand-new churcii in 1849. 
St, Mary Abbot's at Kensington ia one of tlie 
raoat important exam pies, and were it but old, 
and perhaps less obscure*! by ataiued glass, it 
would command muchadmiration. TheGothic 
revival has been maintained through nearly 
Uie sixty years, its last achievement being 
tlie re-edification of the greater part of St. 
Mary's Overie, Southwark, which has become 
a twentieth-century cathedral— a fine work 
in our day, yet small in contrast with the 
mighty churches of old. And here must 
have mention the constant sustentation work 
at the Abbey, especially the facial restoration 
of the north transept, the merit of which ia 
perhaps generally allowed, though it would be 
vain to expect unanimous approval. On 
St. Paul's, internally, elalx>rate and costly 
art has been bestowed, and new, sweet bells 
ring from its belfry. Also much redemp- 
tion work has been done on our one great 
Norman fragment, St. Bartholomew's. 

The Gothic art has not been employed on 
churches alone ; it has been frequently 
applied to secular buildings, and if its success 
be questionable, the doubt seems to affect 
only the interior adaptability to motlern use. 
We are now mainly concerned with the 
external beauU' imparted to London, and 
find great satisfaction in these Gothic acqui- 
sitions. Tlie Houses of Parliament were 
building in the forties and some years later ; 
they are certaiuiy Ijeautiful. Fault -finding 
is always easy, especially when architecture 
is concerned ; here the main body of the 
building has ueen thougbt deficient in pro- 
portion, and overwrought with repeated 
ornament. But if this be the fault, it is 
redeemed by the noble towers, especially 
the Victoria Tower, the stately magnitude 
and grace of which render it unrivalled 
throughout the world. 

Next we are reminded of the removal 
of the comparatively modern buildings of 
the Courts of Justice, now transposed to 
another site, whither we will presently 
follow them, observing here the opening of 
space and the revelation of old Westminster 
Hall, the famous beauty of which, however, 
is internal. At Westminster block after 
block of grand Government buildings has 
been raised, and still they are far from 
completion. Projects have but slowly pro- 
gressed in a city where energy and industry 
have enormously^ ' ^Dced the value of 

ground, and where justice to the full must 
recognize individual rights. Thus, we had 
almost despaired of thelong-projected widen- 
ing of Parliament Street, out now, aa an 
accomplished fact, it has become the fitting 
avenue of the truly imperial quarter of 
London. The earliest block, the Treasury 
OHicea at Whitehall, was the work of the 
forties. This, indeed, was not much more 
than a new front to an old building ; it waa 
and is handsome classic work, but scale has 
greatly increased, and this block has become 
dwarfed by later buildings of greater propor- 
tions. The Home, Colonial, Foreign, and 
India Offices form a splendid group, which 
happily on one side presents itself to 
St. James's Park, and thence makes a very 
charming picture. The great War Office block, 
raised in front of the comparatively insignifi- 
cant, butstillappreciated Horse Guards, is now 
outwardly completed. The Admiralty still 
turns a stately though gloomy visage towards 
the street ; but large and handsome addi- 
tions have been made on the Park side. 
Another immense block of buildings is rising 
with faces towards the Abbey and Parliament 
Street, and we wait with unfailing interest 
the full realization of this magnificent seat of 

Westraiaater must not be left without 
observing from the fine bridge acrosi the 
river the eight handsome divisions of 
St. Thomas's Hospital, a very noticeable addi- 
tion to the beauty of London. Tiienew poUce 
quarters on the Westminster bank are also 
important, though admired. And along 
the Embankment (noticed in ray previous 
communication) have risen the fine build- 
ings of the London School Board— now the 
London County Council's Educational Otiice« 
— tlifs Ttiames Conservancy, the City of 
London School, and others. 

27, Elgin Avenue, W. 

(7'o be conchtJed.) 


Sir Thomas was the third son of Richard. 
Lord Latimer, who died 1531, and uncle of 
tlie last lord, who died 1577. He and his 
younger brother Marmarluke married Maria 
and Elizabeth, two of the four dauu;htors and 
coheiresses of Sir Thomas Tej', of Bright well 
Hall, SulTolk, and Pigott's Ardlcy, Essex. 

Morant's account of him (apparently taken 
from Harl. MS. 3882) is full of groaa in- 
accuracies, which it may be well to correct. 
His history is of interest, as, if any uiale 
descendant remains, he M-ould be the heir 

io*8.v.jA.s.G.igoa] NOTES AND QUERIES. 

male of tLe house of Nevill. Morant, 
(Jhanncy. aud Drummorid give tlie Nevilla of 
llidgewell, Essex, as descendants ; but I 
ha ve,under tlie heading ' Crom well Fleetwood ' 
(10"' S. iv. 74), g;ivea reasons for lliinking 
that this descent is open to grave doubt. 

There were about this time so many Sir 
Thomas Xevills of diflPerent fainilies, 
is most ditticult to distinguish l>etween them. 
For instance, 1540, the dategiven by Morant 
for the death of this Sir Thomas, is really 
that of his father-in-law Sir Thomas Tey ; 
there ha^ evidently been a confusion of notes 
which has been slavishly copied. 

TheTijomas whose I. P.M. of 1WJ2 Morant 
also refers to, as that of the son and heir of 
our Sir Tliomas, was Thomas Nevill of Stock 
Harvard, Essex, who married Rebecca, 
daughter of Gyles Allen, of Hazoleigli. He 
was son of Hugh Nevill of Kamsden Belhouse, 
wljose will was proved in 1G03 (Com. Essex) 
as of Brightlingsea. 

Sir Thomas Nevill of Mercworth, Speaker 
of the House of Commons and brother of 
Lord Abergavenny, died in 154.3. The 
' D.N. D.' says that his first wife was Elizabeth, 
widow of Robert Amadae, a member of 
the firm of goldsmiths to Henry VIII. 
TIjis marriage took place in the chapel 
of Jenkins Manor at Barking, Essex, on 
SS August, 1532 ; but it was certainly not 
the first marriage of this Sir Thomas, as a 
monument to Tiis daughter Margaret in 
Widial Church (Lipscomb's 'Bucks,* iii. 474) 
states that she was born in ir>-25, and was 
the daughter of Katheryno, daughter of Lord 
Dacre. This lady, who is barie<l at Narden, 
in Kent, and there called Elizabeth Dakcr, 
is the only wife generally given to Sir 
Thomas. The subject of this notice may 
quite posaibly^ have oeen the bridegroom. 

There was also a Sir Thomas, second son of 
Ralph, fourth Earl of Westmoreland, of whom 
there are no particulars in the genealogies. 
He was probably the Sir Thomas Nevill, 
K.B.,whodied in ir>46(Musgrave'a' Obituary'). 
He may, however, have been the Sir Thomas 
Nevill who on 5 November, 1544, married 
Frances Amiel, widow, at Bramfield, Suffolk. 
She was probably tlie Frances Hopton who 
in the visitation of Suffolk, 1561, p. 44, is 

Hftid to have marrietl first Jeroin>/e (sn') ; 

secondly. Sir Thomas Nevill of Yorkshire ; 
and thirdly (p. 19'^) theson of William Hovell, 
of Ashfieln. Suffolk. The Jeromt/e is a sub- 
seciuent additiou, and should probably have 
been Jermye, the name of a well - known 
Suffolk family. The herald must have made 
tk mistake, or there were two previous 
marriages, or possibly the Amiel ia a mis- 

reading of the register. A Chancery suit of 
1561-2, Thomas Nevyll, knt.. r. Arthur Rob- 
sarte, Esq., shows that the marriage was not 
happy, as Sir Thomas sues for the return of 
a bond of 1,000/. which he had given as 
security that he would not " beat or vex " his 
wife on condition that she behaved well ; he 
asserts that »be bad misbehaved several 

Sir Thoraa.s of the Westmoreland family is 
not mentioned in the rebellion of 15G9, aud 
had probably died previously. 

Thomas Nevill (jf Holt, Leicestershire, was 
knighted by Somerset iu 1543 on the Scotch 
campaign ; it was his heiress who married 
Tiiomas Smyth, of Crossing Temple, wha 
took the name of Nevill. 

Maria Tey, who must have been married 
by 1536, died in 1544, according to the 
LRM. of 37 Henry VIII. (1545), which 
names Ootober of the preceding year as the 
date of her death, and states that Tiiomaa, 
lier son and heir, is aged nine. Morant says 
that she died in October, 1544, and was 
buried at Ardleigh ; but in view of the 
mistake already mentioned this requires con- 
firmation. He also states that in 1552 
Thomas Nevill held the manor of Listen hall, 
in Gosfiold, of the Earl of Oxford. In the 
parish register of Gosfield is the burial of 
Maria Nevill on 19 Oct., 1544, and also the 
birth of Ann Nevill, 1543. In 1558 the 
manor was in other hands, 

There was about IWO a Thomas Nevill, a 
substantial yeoman, at Gosfield, which adjoins 
Halstead, where the ancestors of the Kidge- 
well family lived ; his will (Arch. Essex, 
Bushen 3) was proved in 1622. He may bo 
identical with the Thomas Nevill of Abbess 
Roding, a neiglibouring parish, who paid sub- 
sidy there in 1565, and at Foisted in 1571 : 
he probably belonged to a family of Willing- 
ale and Fifield of whom there are recordu- 
back to 1522 : they intermarried with a 
branch of the Jocelyns. 

Sir Thomas, then called of Aldham, was in- 
political trouble in 1537 (Dom. Stato Papers, 
vol. xii. part ii. 242), when his brother 
Marmaduko was committed to the Tower. I 
have not been able to find what happened to 
Sir Thomas, but it is unlikely that he escaped 
Cromwell without serious fine, which may 
account for the little show he made in after 
years. He paid subsidy in 1549 and 1553. 
Hi!*brother,Ix>rd Latimer, ha<l been implicated' 
in the first rising in Yorkshire, which was 
pardoned in December, 1536 ; he made his 
peace, and kept out of that of the ensuing 
February. Sir Thomas's sister was married' 
to Francis Norton, the prime mover of the- 

NOTES AND QUERIES. vo^ s. v. Jas « im 

rebellion of 15C9.; but I know of no record 
of our Sir Thomas among those implicated. 

Two daughters of Sir Thomaji are recorded 
in the Viiiiation of Essex of ISSS: Frances, 
married to Edmund Lucas, and afterwards 
successively to Bingliam and Adaracs ; and 

, married to Sir Humphrey WingBeld, of 

Brantham («ihe it called Elizabeth in the 
Suffolk Visitation of 1501). IJoth are 
<ie«cribefl as daughters and heiresses. 

No mention U anywhere made of the 
Thomas who wan nine in 1545, ao that he 
probably died early. 

Dy a deed in Close Rolls, 2 Eliz , part xii. 
No. It; (15S9), Sir Thomas made over to 
Edmund Lucaa all his property, including a 
leasehold house he had bought in HollRirn 
«nd an estate he had bought at Clifton 
Reynes, in Bedfordshire. This was for 
various consitlerations and in settlement of 
all claims in dispute According to Morant, 
Pigotfs Ardley was in the hands of tlie 
<Jardinall family in l.')CS. It is po>4sibIe that 
Sir Thomas meditated takitig part with 
Norton, and took the usual steps to secure 
his property. 

I nave not been ahle to trace his further 
career, except that lie died, aged seventy- 
nine, on 2 May, 1582, and was buried at 
Orantcheater, Cambridge, on 14 May ; tiie 
entry in the register records his descent. By 
bis will (F.C.C. Tirwhite 2(i) he leaves every- 
thing to his wife Isabel, but there is no 
mention of any property. Dame Isabel by 
will (P C.U 2 Windsor, 1585) leaves various 
e8t«tos> that she liad bought, to the chililron 
of her former husband Edward Weldon. 

Sir Thomas is certain to have followed the 
custom of the time and married quickly after 
the death of Maria Tey ; ib seems certain 
that Isabel was a wife of his ol<l age, and 
probaljly the third wife. It is quite i>0Hsible 
that Sir Thomas may have had a family h3' 
a second wife, and that the Thomas, ancestor 
of the llidgewell family, may have been a 
sun of this marriage. 

There did appear in the neighbourhood of 
HaUtead about this time several Nevills who 
made marriages of some importance, and 
whom I cannot yet connect with other Essex 
Xevills, unless in the manner already sug- 
gested, which might, indeed, be part of the 
pedigree from Hugh of the Lion mentioned 
under tlie heading of Cromwell Fleetwood 
already referrt'd to. 

The existence of a second family of Sir 
Thomas, who would have no interest in the 
Toy estates and little inlieritance from tlieir 
father, would very well account for the lial- 
stead family. A« the I!ii'u'"«'ll family iiad, 

rightly or wrongly, already established a 
connexion M-ith Hugh Nevill of liie Lion, 
and had used Jiis arms, there was no great 
temptation to discard that in favour of 
an unfounded claim from a well - known 
man who hat! only been dead a little 
over a hundred years. Holman, on whose 
researches Morant's history is largely 
founded, was rector of Halstead about 1710 
to 17.30, and may liave. at this time, mado 
the discovery that induced John of llidge- 
well to throw over the pedigree and arms 
assumed by his great-uncle George of Berk- 
hampstead, and carved upon his monument. 

I have notes of several generations of otiier 
descendants of John Nevill of Halstead, the 
ancestor of the Ridge«ell family ; from them 
it does not seem likely that these branches 
die<i out. as stated in Harl. MS. 3882. 1 shall 
bo thanlcful for any further light upon the 
subject. R.vLPir Nevill, F.S.A. 

CiisLlcIiill, (jtiildford. 


I.N Mr. W. p. Courtnky's article on the 
career of Benson Earle Hill (10"' S, iii. Ui2) 
the above-mentioned work is quoted amontf 
"the works of his [Hills] composition which 
are entered under his name in the British 
Museum Catalogue." I apprehend that Hill 
edited the 'Almanack' for the years 1841, 
1842, and 184.3 ; at any rate, the work wa^ 
not first issued in 184). 

'The Epicure's Almanack; or. Calendar 
of Good Living: containing A Directory to 
the Taverns, Coffee- Houses, Inns, Eating- 
houses, au<l other Places of Alimentary 
Resort in the British Metropolis and its 
Environs : a Review of Artists who ad- 
minister to the Wants and Enjoyments of 
the Table ; a survey of the Markets ; and « 
Calendar of the Meats in Season during 
each Month of the Yoar,' was first published 
in 1815. The words "To be continued 
Annually " occur upon the title-p«ge. 'fhe 
author's name does not appear in any part 
of the work in my copy ; however, written 
indistinctly in pencil are the words, ao far 
as I can decipher them, " By R. Rylance." 

The preface states : — 

"Tlie' niantml liere offeror! to the jmliltc i« formed 
on tlie Model of a Work published annualty at 
I'urts. utider l)ie title nf 'Alnumaclt iIcm (iour- 
mnnda.' . .It Inyn );real cliiini lo lliat ini|iil|;«ac« 
M-liicli llio r«it»lic aiu ever distiosed lo ullonl to a 
new Work on a vail «ini itiiporlAtit su' ■■■■ ' Had 
tlio lidilor been uifloil with the eycB • .J 

ihu imUte of A|iiuiu£i Ccliu8 ; had i of 

vision ftU'l livste li«en niult.i|ilio<l an Imii ireii iold, 
lio mii^t liiive fftikvt to acconipUiih the undertakinif 
ia a single Alleiiipt." 


io«'«.v.jA!f.6.i906.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Tlie work wa-s designed 

" to (lirent Kiiy man with a delicate stomach and a 
full purse, or any man wiih a keen stroiiK stomach 
and a lean (furse, where he may dine well, aiid to 
the t)est advaulajje, in LondoD." 

Tl)e itinerary commences with London "on 
itJi highest ground, in Pannier Court, between 
Patei /loiter Jiow and Newgate Street." 

In (Queen's Head Passage, close to Pannier 
Court, iJie reader U directed to " Dollj'a 
Cliop Hou«)e," in wliiuh 

"that native dish, tho boef steak, ao much envied 
l>y the French, and claSHed by Ihem among their 

wnletles voUniea ia dressed in lite best style...... 

At this hnnse the ingenious analomixt and chemical 
lecturer. Dr. UeorK* Fordyce, dine<l every day, (or 

more tlinn iwentyyear* Alfoiiro'clock.hisaccttS- 

tonieil iiour uf dining, lie entered, and took his seal 
at a tut>lo alwsys reserved for him, on which was 
instantly riaced a silver tankard full of stronK ale ; 
a bottle of port wine, and a measure containing a 
quarter of a pint of brandy. The ninmenl the 
wa)t«r announced him, the cook put a pound and a 
half of rump steak on the gridiron, and on the 
table some delicate Irillo as a bonne lioiirhe, to serve 
until the steak was ready. This morsel was some- 
tiroes half a broileil chicken, sometimes a plate of 
<Uh : when he had eaten this, ho took one glass of 
his brandy, and then proceeded to devour his steak. 
We say devour, because he always ate so rapidly 
that one mi^ht imagine he was hurrying away to a 

Itatient, to deprive death of a dinner He thus 

daily spent un hour and a half of his lime, and llien 
returned lo his house in Kssex Slreei, to give his 
•ix-o<l<»ck lecture on chemistry. He made no 
other meal until his return next day at four o'clock 
to Dolly's." 

When St. Paul's Ciiurchyard is reached, 
tliere is a <le.scription of " that well-known 
and long - established house the Chanter 
Coffee House." This place, descrilied as 
situated "in a pa.ssage which looks into 
Patei n<«tcr Row," appears lo have been well 
supplied with tile^ of all the Hritisii newa 
papers, a!>(0 magazines, reviews, I'c, "togetlier 
with all tho most popular pamphlets." There 
were compartments or b(jxe.i, and two of 
thoBO appear to have been whimMically de- 
noniinatetj •' Hell," owing, probably, to 
reports a^ to the conversation somutiiDes 
lieard witliin tliem : — 

"In i\uf house the magnificent and munificent 
booksellers of l^ndon hold their conclave. Wheiher 
or not there l.»e also a board of grey-bearded 
reviewers, we have not hitherto discovered.' 

At Corn hill 

•'Let ' • ■ -sfl Aldernmi) Hirch's unique refec- 
tory..-- I tribute to the talents, literary 
•■well . ;, , of the worthy Alilerman, who, 
having vvriUcii .tnd publiHlie<I uu the theory of 
National Defence, has here illustrated his system 
practically, !>y providing a variety of suiierior 
ai>ups. wlierDwith to fortify the stomachs, and 
•limulate the courage of all Uii Majesty's liege 

L'pon our arrival at Threadneedle Street 
we are told that 
"The Bank of England seems to he the mcujiia 

parent of cotFee houses aud taverns Let them 

[our enemies] send some spy to inspect the Bnnk 
of Giigland and the avenu^a about it ; John Uuli 
may there be seen daily, waddling out of the front; 
gate, audiutoone of the nearest iilaces of replenish- 
ment, there to convert his paper into solid sup- 
plies for the service of the current day. Thus, while 
each new tax odds another feather to his load, he 
continues to widen and strengthen his shoulders to 
benr it, and now he looks like the fat alderman, on 
tho back of whoso coat a wag pinned a ticket, copied 
from the inscription at the comer of Old Jewry, 
' WUUued at the expense of the (Jorporalioii of 

The few extracts I have made from * The 
Epicure's Almanack' will, I think, justify 
Mr. Courtne3''s opinion to the effect that 
"theae volumes are still worth turning 
over." G. E. Weake. 

Weston -super- M are. 

Ax Earuer CiiAKLKs Lamjj.— in Ame- 
rican correapondent has directed my atten- 
tion to a most curious reference to a Charles 
Lamb, as presumably a champion ofchiinney- 
sweepera, a hundrecl years and more before 
the Charles Lamb whom we know came for- 
ward to write those black imn«' praise. The 
book is 'Tho Scourge: in Vindication of 
tho Church of England,' by T. L. (Thoma» 
Lewis), first published iu 1717, and again in 
1720. On p. 271 of tho 1717 edition, and on 
p. 205 of the 1720 edition, as a corroborative 
search at the British Museum reveals, is this 
sentence in a letter dated ** Button's, Sunday, 
Septenjl)er I ":— , 

"Well, I shall live to be reveng'd of all th» 
C!i ill! iitu Sireepei-i ill England, and only for Charle* 
Lainli, 1 do love timt r/tar I'tl/on; I did not caro if 
they were all haiiff'd ami daiiiu'il.'' 

One can simply rub one's eyes in the pre- 
sence of ao odd an anticipation. 


Zouave Unifokm. — What M. P. says of 
German duelling (10"" S. iv. 388) reminds me 
of the military uniform of the Zouaves— the 
light infantry in the French army. They 
wore baggy trousers, which were drawn iu 
at and lied about the ankles ; and at the 
bottom tliey were joined together so near the 
ankles that they difl not allow a man to- 
take the regimental stride. It immediately 
occurred to tho new man that he must slit 
them up a bit so that he Could walk properly. 
Hia <j|iier comrades lold him he would get 
" huit jours "if he did. On the other hand, 
if lie wanted to walk there was nothing to 
be done but slit them un a few inches, which 
he accordingly did, Tlie otiicer came alow^j. 



NOTES AND QUERIES. [io«* s. v. jas. g. idoo. 



for the usual inspection, and at once detected 
what he knew must take place. Nevertheless 
the usual question was asked, VVtiat have 
yon done this for ] and the usual reply was 
given, but without avail. The expected sen- 
tence was pronounced, " huit jours de prison." 
Having served his term, the man was not 
required to sew the parts up again, but was 
allowed to keep his bags in walkable condi- 
tion. I was told this uianjr years ago by a 
Zouave who had won 4,030/. ma State lottery, 
and had consequently given up soldiering. 
Perhaps the autttorities are more reasonable 
now. Ralpfi Thomas. 

"PfiETTY Maids' Money." — The following 
extract from The C'/niUh and T>evon Post 
(Launceston) of 15 July, 1905, records a cere- 
mony which seems worth noting : — 

" This money, amounting to '21. lO^,, which, left 
by the Rov. Mr. Meyriok, la known »s the 'Pretty 
Mairls' Money,' and whicli is given to ' a j)retty 
maid of good character and regular attendance Kt 
Church.' on the first day of the Fair each year, 
was on Pueaday received by Mias Elsie Back. Tlie 
legacy was left ' to promote peace on earth and 
Koodwill among meti.' There was a goodattendaoce 
at the church |)orcli on the occasion, aniong them 
being the rector, Rev. T. S. Kendall, Mr. Horace 
Uiggs, CO., Mrs. Kendall, Ren., Mrs. KeudalU 
juu., and other ladies and gcnlloinen. As soon as 
the clock fltnick twelve, Mr. Hicgs handed Miss 
Back the money, heartily congratulatiug her. Mi&s 
Back returned thanks, after which she received 
the coDgratulatiouB of t}io8e present." 


"HoosHTAB."— This word seems to be one 
of the most recent importations into English. 
A friend who has lately returned from 
Westralia usc!^ it upon every possible occa- 
sion, both as iutorjoction and verb. He tells 
me it is really a cry of the Afghan camel- 
drivers, of whom there are many on the gold- 
fields. I have just come upon the following 
quotation in an Australian novel, 'True 
Eyes,' by Randolph Bedford, 1903, p. 295 : 
"So the camel was ' hooshtahed ' down and 
strapped, after she had groand the dust 
under her chest - pad into the shape of 
comfort, and so left to the enjoyment of the 
quandong." Jas. Flatt, Jun. 

Tjie Metropolitan Railway.— The recent 
important chaugei on this much - abused 
railway aiTord a pleasant contrast with its 
many years of perennial grime and amoke- 
satu rated tunnels. There is an excellent 
description of its earliest years in a little 
collection of papers on liondon subjlcts, 
entitled 'Trifles,' by Edwin Ttley, London, 

The writer on 18 June travelled from 
FarringdoD Street to Hammersmith five days 

after this portion of the line had been opened. 
After leaving Bishop's Road 
" we wore no longer in the dark, but in a clear and 
healthy atmosphere, travelling in comfort, and 
even luxuriously. The line tra verves an extrennely 
pleasant country. At first we had brickfields ou 
our left, and uew-inown hay and broad green 
nieadowa on our right. The change from ' under- 
ground' to daylight and sunshine, from impure 
air into a sweet-scenteil and invigorating atmo- 

uphere, was really delightful We were left aloite 

in our lofty and spacious carriage, and had the 
privilege of walking about iu it and viewing the 
country ; and it was ail country, and looked 

Evidently the " privilege of walking about" 
was not restrictea by the necessity of having 
to hang on to a .strap, Aleck Abrahams. 
39, UiUttiartOD Road. 

BiKDs or Eaht Finmabk.— It may be of 

use to students of Northern languages to 
record in your pages that in The Zoolo'jitu 
Second Series, vol. ii. pp. 697-700 (18C7), 
there is a list of the native names of the 
birds of East Finmark, compiled by Ch. Som- 
merfeldt, parish priest of Nresseby. 

Edward "Peacouk. 

Cecil Family. (See fi'^ S. vii. 384 ; viii. 
69; xi. 69: 7"" S. xii. 144.)-At the above 
places thedescent of the great Lord Burghley 
from the Sitsilts of Alterynnya, believed ia 
by himself— see the document reproduced in 
Nares's * Memoirs,' vol. i. p. 8— is disputed, 
and it is suggested that he was descended 
from a Vorkshire family named Cecill. 
Stress is laid {6'" S. vii. 384) on the use uf 
the spelling "Cecill" by Lord Burghley and 
his father and grandfatlier. I ihinlt some 
light is thrown on the question by the will 
<P.C.C. 13 Adeane)of Sir David Philipp, Knt, 
dated 2.'> September, and proved lODecomber, 
l5tXi. The testator is buried at Stamford, 
but he mentions "Dewlew," to the ummI of 
which he gives a legacy ; and this may be 
Dulus, Dewlas, or Dulace, a few miles froui 
Altervnnys. But a more certain point is 
that Lord Burghley's grandfather David in 
named as an executor, being the only 
executor who prove<l ; and a legacv is left to 
him as a godson of tho testator, unless (which 
is, of course, possible) the godson was David's 
son David. In all cases the name is spelt 
Seysyll, Scisseld, or ScLssilde, never Cecill. 
Agnss Scisseld is also mentioned, and the 
following clearly Welsh names occur : Jane 
ap Rosser (legacy), Hugh Edwards (exe- 
cutor), Sir John LandafT (witness). Soma 
conclusion might be drawn from the prov 
nance of Sir David Philipp him-self, if thai 
be known. If he lived in early life noai 
Alterynnys, and if David Cecill, senior, w: 

v.jak.6.1906] notes and queries. 

the godchild, then the l&tter wa« probably 
born there, for Sir David I'hilipp's connexion 
with ijtamford seems to have been due to 
marriage, and David Cecil], senior, must have 
been thirty to forty years old in 1506. 

L. W. H. 

Ben* JoNsos'a WonKs, 1616.— Old errors die 
hard, and among them is the belief that the 
1616 folio of Ben Jonson contained the por- 
trait of the poet by Vaughan. I am reminded 
of this by the words " no portrait " added to 
the record of a sale of this volume, together 
with the posthumous second volume, in The 
Athtiufuin of 9 December. On this subject 
the lat^e Mr. George Bullen, of the British 
Museum, wrote to me in 1879 as follows : — 

" \V« have two conifi* of Ben Jonaon, 1616, fol. : 
one ia the General Library, and one in the Greii- 
ville. The former h&a no ]>ortrait : the latter has 
one by Vaughan, the same tliat appears irt the 
1610 enition. Mr. (irenville in a note stateii ' 1 iiave 
added to my cotiy the liead bv^ Vaughan.' Now 
Vaiiehan, according to Nailer, 'Kiiiistler Lexikon,' 
wai born in 1600. so that it iH scarcely probable he 
could have done tbiii portrait in 1616. 

U. A. Evans. 

We must requeat correapondent« deeirintj in- 
formation on family matters of only private intereat 
to aflix their names and addresses to their (queries, 
in order titat answers may be sent to them direct. 

Cardinals' Pillars.— In Nare«'s 'Glos- 
sary,' e«lited by Halliwell and Wright, occurs 
the statement : — 

" Ornamentcti inlUra were formerly carried before 
* cardinal, and Wolsey wtu remarkable foV keeping 
up thia piece of atAte. In the stoze directions for 
,lU8 solemn entry in the play of ' Henry Vlil,' it ia 
■aid. 'then two Kentlemen bearing two great silver 
pillars.' This waa from anthentic history. He is 
KG described by Holioitshed and other historians. 
Cavendish, hia biographer, speaks of liiese silver 
pillars, and of his cross-bearers and pillar-bearers. 
^Iielton satirically describea him as going preceded 
by two croBi-bearer? :— 

After them followe two laye-men secular 
And eche of theym holdyng a pillar 
In their hantieR, steado of a imice. 
These jiillara were supnoseil to be emblematical of 
the Support given by the cardinals to the Church." 

This account of Narea is responsible for a 
sense of the word pillar introduced in some 
jaaodern dictionaries (chiefly of American 
ithorship), "a portable ornamental column 
_ jrmerly carried before cardinals, as em- 
1}leniatic of his support to the Church." 

No authority, however, is cited for this 
[eoeral use, nor have las yet found any refer- 
ICO to pillars borne before cardinals, except 
thin case of Wolaey. Can any reader of 

*X. ii Q. 'direct mo to any other source in 
which the alleged practice is referred to or 
described 1 A historical student to whom I 
have applied is unable to answer the question, 
but says that it is the practice at Hume (in 
" correct " or Black househol<l8)for a cardinal 
to be received by two manservants bearing 
torches, and to lie preceded by them 
to the reception-room. He suggests that 
the two pillars borne before Wolsey 
were merely two silver candlesticks. _ But 
this would evidently be quite at variance 
with the notion of Nares as to what the 
" pillars" symbolized. I should be very glad 
of any communications hearing upon the sub- 
ject, and if writers will, to save time, send 
them to me direct (address Dr. Murray, 
Oxford), I will forward them to the Editor 
of ' N. 4 Q.' J. A. H. Murray. 

[Is it possibly derived from the lictors?] 

Ennobled Animals.— Can any readers of 
'N. k Q.' help me to cases of animals wliich 
have been ennobled iu a similar way to 
Caligula's horse, which was made Consiul of 
Rome T If any artist has treated the subject, 
I shall be very grateful for information about 
the picture. Hudoli-h de Cordova. 

2, Pump Court, Middle Temple, E.G. 

Scott and Carey : Scott in Ireland.— 
Can any reader remind me where Sir W. Scott 
quotes the first two lines of Carey's play :— 
Where left you GhrononhononthologosT 
That he was familiar with the play we know 
from the motto prefixed to tlie first chapter 
of 'The Antiquary,' and by his nicknames 
for the two Ballautynes (Lockhart, vol. ii, 
chap, vi., near beginning). But I think ho 
also somewhere quotes the above lines- 

I have a further question to ask. In Carey's 
play the above lines are spoken by Kicdum- 
Funnidos (so spelt by Carey), ana the 
pompous gentleman, whom for shortness we 
may call Aid., thus replies : — 

Fatigu'd with the tremendous toils of war, 
Wiihin his tent, on downy couch succumbent. 
Himself lie unfatiguea with gentle slumbers. 

Now, in a family closely connected with 
Scott's early friends John and Alexander 
Irvingj the following lines have been handed 
down orally : — 

Fatigued in his lent by the toils of war, 

On a downy couch reposinr, 
RtgduniFunnidos watching by, 
While the prince lay dozing. 
Where do these linea come from ? Thej? 
are evidently a burlesque version of Aid. 3 
reply (itself a burlesque), couchwl in » 
different metre, and certainly focmvTv^ xsa 


NOTES AND QUERIES. no-* h. v. Jan. 6. i906. 

?iirt of tiie play. Dul Scott invent them 1 
'amiiy tradition sa.yH that tlie tliree friends 
were in the habit of making up and 
"spouting" queer rimes of all kinds, and I 
incline to tiiink that this was one of them. 
Unless another origin can bo pointed out for 
these lines, I Hhall conclude that we have in 
them a trouvaille from Scott's young days, 
probably made by him, and at any rate often 
on hia lips. 

I may add that the same family tradition 
tells that Scott and his two friends, in tlieir 
college day-j, made a trip to the north of 
Ireland, cro!*>»ing from Galloway ; that there 
Scott usually rode while his companionH 
walked ; that the trip was cut short for some 
unknown reason ; and that a riming account 
of it was pi-esorved by John Irving, though 
it has long since disappeared. Tiiis excursion 
is not mentioned by Lock hart, nor, so far as 
I know, by any other chronicler of Scott's 
life. To many of us every triHe connected 
with the Great Magician is of value, so I 
make no apology for mentioning those. 

T. S. Omond. 
14, Cftlverley Park, Ttiiibridue Wells. 

Thomas Carry, the son of Spranger Barry, 
the famous actor, by his first wife, was 
admitted on tlie foundation at Westminster 
School in ITaS. I nhould be glad to learn the 
maiden name of his itiother, and any par- 
ticulars of liis career. G. F. U. B. 

Ned : "To raise Ned."— Can any one gi%-e 
an explanation of the origin and early mean- 
ing of the phrase " to raise Ned " — a common 
expression applietl to an active fellow who 
creates disturbances out of a pure love of 
mischief f That is to say, it was comunon 
enough in New England naif a century, or 
more, ago- It signified a sort of harmless, 
j'et provoking disorder in conduct. Is the 
expression current in England to-day 1 or 
has it ever obtained there? 

Frank Warren Hackett. 

H\*, M !jtre«t, VV'Mhington, D.C. 

Maltby : Mawbev. — Miss Mallby, of 68. 
Grove Street, New Haven, Connecticut, iias 
asked me to send the following to ' N. & Q.' 

Parentage is wante<i of William Maltby, 
born lt>4r), and of his brother John ; they 
emigrateij to Anierica about 1(570. A Kolwrt 
Maltbye witnesses a deed of land fur William 
in IG?."! ; the relationship of this llobert is 
unknown, as this is the only time he appears 
upon the records. In Betham's ' Baronetage,' 
vol. iii. p. 3:i2, is to bo found the pedigree of 
the Maw beys of Botleys, Surrey. Can any 
oue tell what became of the Joba and William 

who are on the chart as sons of William 
Mawbey? Gkrai.u Fotheroill. 

11, BruaaeU Road, N«w SVands worth, S.W. 

Penn and Mead Jury, 1670.— Mr. Horace 
J. Smitli, of Philadelphia, l>as started a move- 
ment to provide a memorial commemorating 
tiie jurymen who in 1070 refused to convict 
William Penn and William Mead for preach- 
ing in Gracechurch Street As chairman of 
the committee I shall be glad if readers of j 
' N. i Q.' can aujjply me with any informa- 
tion about these jurymen or their letters or 
I)ortrait3. John Henry Lloyd. 

EJgbaaton Grove, Binnihgliiiin. 

Monumental BBAfisES tn the Mevjiick 
Collection. — Sawbridgeworlh Cliurch, iu 
common with many others in Hertfordshire, 
has suffered the loss of many monumental 
brasses, some of which are in the Saffron 
Walden Museum, and others, apparently, 
were in the Meyrick collection. 

Haines informs us (under Sawbridgeworlh) 
that "a brass of a man in armour, about 
1480, is at Goodrich Court, Herefordshire." 
"Tilts probably represents John Chauucy, 
whose ettigy is missing from its matrix. 

Cussans, referring to an altar-tomb in the 
chancel of Sawbridgeworlh Church contain- 
ing matrices of a kniglit and his two wives 
kneeling before a representation of the 
Trinity, states : "These brasses are mid to 
have been in the collection of Sir Samuel 
Meyrick at Goodrich Castle [Court 1]." 

I am informed that the Meyrick collection 
is now entirely dispersed, and no references 
to these brasses is to be found in the sale 
catalogues. Is it possible to ascertain their 
whereabouts at tl>e present time 1 

W. B. GsRisa. 

Bishop's Slorlford. 

Born with Teeth —I am presently issuing 
a work to bo called ' Dental Jottings,* ana 
shall be obliged if any readers of ' N. i Q.' 
can send me the names of any distinguished 
persons of whom it is undoubtedly on record 
that they were born with teeth. 

Chas. F. Fobshaw, LL D. 

Billimore House. Bradford. 
[Is it not stated that Richard III. w«i m> 
endowed nt birth?] 

Francis Prior: Anna bell a Beaumost.— I 
am anxious to learn if Fosters ' liondon 
Marriage Licences ' records the marriage of 
Francis Prior and Annabolla Beaumont 
between 170<3 and 1720. If it does not, i« 
there any similar publication that does ! 

F. O. HorKiNS. 

39, City Councillors Street, Moutreal. 

10« S. V. Jax. 6. 1906] 


Will-power as nEconoKD itf Histouical 
Portraits. — It» some ttjanazine Brticle hy 
Mr. Harry Fumiss, which I came across not 
loug ago, tli6 autliur remarked that as a 
caricatunst iio liail nbserved that women of 
marked intellect liad mHHCuline-looking jaws. 
Great women singers, whose gift in pliysical, 
may have the lower part of the faco feminine 
in type, but the other celebrities of their sex 
resemble men in tliin respect, 

la Mr. Furniss's opinion borne out by 
those historical portraits which are con- 
aidered to be more accurate than tlatteringl 

Further, do raa<jculine portraits confirm the 
general belief that a heAvy jaw indicates a 
commanding will ? 

Have the great men of action, whose special 
faculty is the power of compelling others to 
follow their lead, stronger jaws and chins 
than other gifted people with capacious 
nkulis and highly organized brains? 

Personally I have known a very weak jaw 
go with great tenacity, and on the con- 
trary, have observed strong jaws whose 
possessors never got a hold on the wills they 
were anxious to guide. 

It has yet to be discovered, I believe, how 
it is that certain men, without apparent 
effort, extort obedience from the rest of tlieir 
world ; while others, however right and 
reasonable, however steadfast to their point, 
are as impotent for good as Cassandra. 

J. A. 

Calfhill Family.— In 1570 James Calfhill 
was nominated to the bishopric of Worcester, 
but died before consecration. In 1601 James 
Calfhill was curate (vicar) of Folkestone, 
Kent. Wore they related 1 

I also Hnd in a pe<iiKreo of Kennet of Sel- 
lendge, in Kent, and of Coxhtje, co. Pal- 
Durham, that ]{egitiald Kennett, about 1-180, 
roarrie4l Anne, daughter and heir of Sir John 
(Jalfhill, of Kent. Arms, Erm., a calf passant 
^ules. I do not find the name in the general 
index to ArrJuxuloijia Cnntmiui. 

R. J. Fynmore. 


Oariocu : IT3 pRONlTNClATiox.— How should 
this name, as title or place-name, be pro- 
nounce<l ? I ask becan-se, having just had 
occasion to Iix>k it up, I find that authorities 
iliffer. In the list of ' Peculiarly Pronounced 
Proper Names' in 'Who's Who 'it is given 
as Oarrick ; yet io a well-informed article in 
M.A.P. (2 l>ec.) we arc told that it should be 
sounded Geery. Which is correct ? 

Ja.s. Platt, Jun. 

Piper at ('astlb Bytham — Can any cor- 
respondent of 'N. & Q.' tell me what writer 

gives the earliest account of the piper who 
went into an underground passage at Castle 
Bytham, in Lincolnshire, and was never seen 
again, although ite could be heard playing on 
his pipes for some time? 

If my memory does not deceive me, he is 
spoken of as a Scot in Wild's 'History of 
Castle Bytham ' ; but surely this is a moflern 
error. Does not the tale come down to us 
from a time when Lincoltishire pipers were 
well known ' What other versions of the 
story occurl I imagine the legend must be 
current in many parts of the British I.slands. 

G. T. 

Napoleon'3 Coronation Uobe : its Gold 
Bees. — Can any of your readers tell me 
where the gold bees are to be seen which 
were used on Napoleon l.'s coronation roliel 
They were solid gold and of Greek workman- 
ship, and were dug up in an old tomb. I 
shouhl bo much obliged for any informatioD 
concerning thetu. D. Crisp. 

BroAcihurst, GodalminR. 

Bkjgs.— Under date of 12 July, 16G6. Pepya 
records in his immortal ' Diary ' : — 

"Wilh Sir W. Coventry into Lonrton to tlie 
Dtfice. And all the way I observed him mightily 
to make mirth of the ]>uko nf Albemarle and hia 
]ie«ple about him, haying, that he wa.s the Iiat>|iie9t 
man in the world for dointc of f.teaX lliiM^4 l>y sorry 
iiifllruments. And bo varticularized in Sir \V. 
C'lerko, and Jti'ji/^, and Halaey, and others," 

Who and what was this Biggs? 

In 1680 Ensign Jnht) Uiggs brought to 
Lieut.-Governor Nicholson, of New York, 
the ofticial announcement from England of 
the accession of William and Mary to the 
throne. Can any reader inform me who this 
officer was? E. Francis Uiggs. 

Wosiiin/^ton, D.C. 

'Census Report, 18.^1.' — Who was the 
aiithor re«ponsible for the historical part 
(Ivi-lxxix) of the 'Results and Observa- 
tions'? Q. V. 

Robert Weston. — I should be much 
oblitte«l if any reader could help me to the 
birthplace and parontagoof a Uol>ert Weston, 
who was born 1740, aiui wa.s steward of the 
manors of Christ Church, Duchy, and 
Windsor. He married a Jane Howard, of 
Brackley. His birthplace will probably be 
found in Oxfordshire or Nor than ts. 

F. H. Weston, 

LaatingliKm Vicarage, Sinnington, R S , Yorka. 

Brandon, Duke of Suffolk.— Sir William 
Bran<lon, Knt , married Elizabeth, 'l-i-.-'' r 
of Sir Robert Wingfield, of Letlii 
M.P. for Suffolk. G Hen. VIIL, by L .-^ - m. 


NOTES AND QUERIES- tJo«» h. v. Jan. e. 1906. 

daughter and coheir of Sir Robert Gonsell by 
Lady Elizabeth Fitzalan liia wife, heir to 
Thomas, eleventh Earl of Arundel ; and 
their grandson was Charles Brandon, Duke 
of SufK)lk, brother-in-law to Henry VIII. 

Sir Thomas Brandon died 10 September, 
1497, having married Anne, daughter of Sir 
Tiiomas Fiennes, son of Lord Dacre, and 
■widow of William, second Lord Berkeley. 
Was Sir Thomas the father of Charles 
Brandon, Duke of Suffolk ? If not, who were 
his father and mother ? E. 

[The 'D.N.B.,' vi. 218, uvs that the Duke of 
Suffolk wa« son and heir of Witliani Brandon, wlio 
was Henry VII. 'a 8Undard-b«arer at Uosworth 
Field, and was killed by Richard III. in ^lersonal 
encounter. "Thia William, who with hin hrolher 
Thomas had come with Henry out of Brittauy, 
does not a|) to have been a kaight, tiiou^h 
called Sir \\ illiam by UalE the chronicler, and thus 
aome corifnuion has ariHt'ii between hira and his 

father, yir Wilii^im Brandon, who survived hira 

On 6 Feb., 1510, hn [Charles] was made niaraltal of 
the king's bencli, in the roont of his uocle, Sir 
Thomas Brandon, recently deceased.''] 

Grindletox. — Looking through back 
numbers of ' N. & Q ,' I met with the review 
of * Onomosticon Anglo Saxonicura' (9^'' S. i, 
199), in which the following remark occurs r 
"Students of the 'Beowulf will notice the 
interestiog place-names Grondles mere and 
Grindeles pytt." 

Will some student of the ' BecSwulf ' assbt 
me by exptaining the meaning of GremJie or 
Grindelel If this is a personal name, is it 
A.-S. or Norse ? It has been suggeatetl to me 
that the village of Grindlelon (West Hiding) 
takes its name from the " Green Dale," a 
narrow valley in which is situated a small 
cotton factory named Greendale Mill. A 
connexion with the aforesaid Orindele seems 
more in accordance with the laws of euphony. 

^ . Feed. G. Ackkhlev. 

Oriodlelon Vicarage, Clitheroe. 

{10"" S. iv. 510.) 
There is no absolutely satisfactory work, 
bibliographical or historical, dealing with the 
London and provincial press of this country, 
bat the undermentioned will be found to 
cover the ground. 

1. An admirable historical article on Lon- 
don journalism, with dates, prices, *c., is 
given in Book and A'eiet Trades GaietU 
26 January, 1901. ' 

2. Although no chronological list is pro- 
vided, valuaole matter is contained in 'The 

History of British Journalism from the 
Foundation of the Newspaper PresA in 
England to the Repeal of the Stamp Act, in 
1855,' by Alexander Andrews, 2 vols. (Londoa, 
Beutley, 1859). 

3. The same is the case with English news- 
papers : ' Chapters in the History of Journal- 
ism,' by U. It. Fox Bourne, 2 vols. (London, 
Uhatto. 1887). 

4. 'The Pictorial Press: its Origin and 
Progress,' by Mason Jackson (London, Hurst 
ii Blackett, 1885), has really a wider scope 
than its title would indicate. It is, of course, 
snocialiy useful in its treatment of wood- 
block engravings. 

5. An unpretending, but excellent little 
volume, that cannot be neglected, is ' Englinh 
Journalism, and the Men who have Made It,' 
by Charles I'ebody — at one time, I think, of 
The Jivistol Mirror, subsequently of Tfu 
Yorksliire Pott (London, Cassell, second 
ed., 1882), 

6. The following is not well known, bat 
will be found, on the whole, excellent: 'A 
Chronological List of News|>apers, from the 
E|)Och of the Civil Wars,' forming Appendix 
No, C in 'The Life of Thomas Huddiman. 
A.M.. the Keeper, for almost Fifty Years, of 
the Library belonging to the Faculty of 
Advocates, Edinburgh,' by George Chalmers 
(London, 1794). The periods covered are : — 

(a) List of newspapers, &c., 1040 - 50, 
pp. 404-20. 

{b) Period of the Restoration, 1660-88, 
pp. 421-9. 

(c) Period of the Revolutioa, 1688 -91, 
pp. 430-2. 

{d) Eighteenth century, pp. 432-7. 

(«) English provincial papers (alphabetical 
by towns), pp. 437-41. 

(/) Scottish jmpers in 1793, pp. 441-2. 

P. L. 


See Timperley's ' Dictionary of Priaters 
and Printing,' 1839, pp. 583-806. 

W.M. H. Pert. 

See the following :— 

•The Newspaper Press,' by James Grant, 

* Newspapers Past and Present,' Daily 
Exprest, 29 May, 1901. 

* Biceotenarian Newspapers/ Gldn, 3 Dec, 

George H. Townsend's ' Manual of Dates.' 

Henry Sampson's 'History of Advertis* 

'An Art in its Infancy,' by Miss Mary 
Cholmondeley, in Tlu Monthly JievietPt June. 

io*8.v.Ja».6.i906.j NOTES AND QUERIES. 



• The Reputed Earlieat English Newspaper,' 
Prnnij Ma'jnzine, 18 Jau. 1840. 

'Early Newspapers of Modern Europe,' 
CfKimbert'i Journal, vol. xli. p. 63G, 

There is a list of London newspapers 
appearing in 1803 in ' The Picture of Lonclon ' 
for that year, pp. 240-7. 


6, Elgin Court, Elgio Avenue, \V. 

'KiKo Nutcracker' (10*'> S. iv. 508).— I 
have a translation of this book for children. 
It is not dated, but from my own raemoriea I 
should say that the date of its aopearance in 
IDV house is about 1850. The title-page is as 
follows :— 

"King Nat-oracker or the Dream of Poor Rein- 
hold. A Fairy Tale for Ciiildren freely rentlered 
from the German of Dr. Heiuriuii Hoflnian [Author 
of 'Struwwelpetar'] by J. K. Plaiichu. Esq. Author 
of "The Golden Branch,' 'Iiland of Jewel*,* eta 
Leip«ig Friedrich Volckmar. London William 
' Tcgg St Co. 85 Queen Street, Clieapaide. London 
A. 4. S. Joseph. Myers & Co. 144 Leadeuhall-Street.'" 
There are twenty-eight leaves, including the 
, title-page, printed on one side only, each 
having its highly coloured picture or pictures. 
p. 25 hag, after the coloured iStruwwelpeter 
procession picture, one of the three boya who 
were dipped in the inkstand by "Tali 
[Agrippa '(see 'Struwwel peter'). This is, of 
toourse, in black ink. P. 2G has in addition 
'to its colours*! picture two little outline 

The pictures appear to bo the production 
of the artist who drew those in the better- 
known 'Strawwelpeter.' I have uo doubt 
that they are German. 

The following is Planch(<'a rendering of the 
passage given by Mr. Hebv : — 

Vp >poke the king to his eubjects around,— 
"The deluge la over long ago, 
But though the wicked were then all drowned, 
Kauehty i>eo|)le are still to be found, 

' As Hoffaian's [lagea |)!ainly show." 

' As he spoke he waved his hand, 

^ And forward came a well known band ;— 
Peter, with hair like horrid he<lge hog; 
Cruol Frederick, who whi^t^)ed the dog; 
Billy Conrad, who sucks his thumbs ; 

fWith tideetty Philip ; behind him comet 
HaiiR. who never looked where he was going— 
And Robert, away with hifi urnbrvllu blowing — 
Caaiiar, who never his soup would drink. 
Ana the rogues great Agrijijia popped into the ink. 
The preceding page is about a Noah's Ark 

The ' King Nut-cracker' which I quote is 
not a little book : it measures about lo| by 
7^ inches. The colours are as tlorid, and the 
faces in the procea.sion, mentioned above, are 
the .same, as those in the original ' Struwwel- 

Messrs. lloutledge published in 1850 ' A 
Picture Story Book, with Four Hundred 
Illustrations.' The full- page illustrations are 
well coloured. It contains 'The History of 
Dame Mitchell and her Cat,' 'The History 
of a Nut-cracker,' and 'The Strange and 
Interesting Adventures of Prince Hempseed 
and his Little Sister.' The second story in 
its preface is called 'The Nut-cracker of 
Nuremberg,' and Hoffman is mentioned as 
its author. Probably this is Dr. Heinrioh 
Hoffman. The story is a long one. A con- 
siderable part of it is 'The History of the 
CrackatooK Nut and Princess Pirlipata,' told 
by "Godfather Drosselmayer." 

There is, I titink, nothing but (probably) 
authorship and similarity of names to connect 
* The Nut-cracker of Nuremberg ' with ' King 
Nut-cracker; or, tlie Dream of Poor Rein- 
hold.' lluBEBT PlEKPOIST. 
St. Austin's, Warrington. 

"From pillar to post" (10"' S. iv. 528).— 
The expression seems certainly to have been 
taken to refer to the game uf tennis, wliat- 
ever its real origin ; cf. 'Liberality and Prodi- 
gality,' XL iv. (Hazlitt's ' Dodaley,' viii. 

Every minute tost. 
Like to a teunisball, from piUar to i>ost. 
E. B. McKerrow. 

Authors of Qootations Wanted (10'^'' S. 
iv. 529).— 

An original something, fair maid, you would 

win lue 
To write— but how shall I begin 7 

Thomas Campbell, ' To a Young Lady who 
asked mc to write something original for her 
Album.' Margaret Peet. 

[Mk. E. Yardusv also refers to Cam)ibell.] 

Mozart (10"" S. iv. 409).— I sent a copy of 
BnocKLEUPRSTS query to Tfi^ Skrewsbuvj 
Chrom'cie, and the following appeared in that 
paper on 1 December : — 

*' Mozart » iith Jfrw* — A rat her old copy of this 
work iu my |H>ssesii<Hi mipplie^ an answer to the 
query which a|)pe«redlatoly in the London 'N. fcQ.,^ 
and which was ipioted in your ' Notes and Queries 
of last week by * Brocklehurst.* In tny copy, which 
lias the date I8Q9 written under a former owner's 
name, appears the following printed note : — 'In 
addition to the original Latin Words, an adapta- 
tion to English Words has been added by R. G. 
Loraine, Esq.* "Au Yolin.'' 

Herbert Southam. 

Charles Lamb (lO"- S. iv. 44.5, 512, 538).— 
Major Buttbrworth is doubtless right in 
the explanation which he offers of the refer- 
ence to Lamb's continental tour in T/i€ 
Mirror, and it is to be regretted that Lamb 

did not give to the world that "digest "of 
hi« travel:?— limited as tiiey were — which hig 
friends understood tliat he was preparing. 

The first issue of 'Etia'had tlie following 
title-page :— 

"Elia. I Eiaaya which have appeared under that 
signature | in the | London Magazine. | London : ] 
Printed for Taylor and Uessej, | Fleet- Street. | 

I have not seen a copy of this issue with a 
half-title, and Messrs. Sotheby have cxpres.sly 
state<J in their catalogues that it did nob 
possess one. A perfect copy of this i.ssue 
contains at the end a leaf announcing The 
London MarHiine, and two leaves of adver- 
tiMmeota of Taylor Jc Hessey's publications 
After a certain number of copies had been 
issued lite original title-page was cancelled, 
and the following substituted : — 

_ "Ella. I Ewaya which have appeared under thnt 
signature | in the | h-ywdon Mei>;rt/.ine. | Lnmlon : | 
Printed for Taylor iirul H«^sev, | %\, Fleet Street, | 
and l;», Waterloo Place. 1 1S23." 

This issue possesses a half title, which 19 
rarely found in bound copies. My own copy 
has at the end the announcement of Tke 
London Muffazine. In his fine edition of 
Lamb, Mr. L, V. Lucas gives a facsimile of 
this second title-page, hut not of the first. 
From the label on the Ijack of the volume 
we learn that the published price of ' Elia ' 
was f>f. Gd, W. F. ritiDEAUX. 

Crockford's (lO"" S. iv. 489).— Li addition 
to the articles mentioneii in the 'D.N.B,' 
notices of Crockford appeare<l in The Giimin>/ 
I/ouse Expositor, 1825-G ; Tht London .Uatia- 
zine, February, 1828 ; Bnihfa Matjazine, 
November, 1888, and February, 1891 ; and in 
many letters to The Times about the year 

In Railces's diary for 1844 there is a brief 
memoir of Crockford (May 27). 

I have a portrait, with * An Ode to \V. 
Crockford, Esq.,' signed " Reveller," which is 
evidently an excerpt from a newspaper, per- 
haps The Town. 

The 'Evidence of W. Crockford, Esq.,' 
occupies several pages of the Report from 
the ibeloct Committee on Gaming. 1844. 

F. Jessel. 

'MiUT.vKY Disoipi.ine' (10"* S. iv. 489).— 
This l»ok is by Cttpt. William Barriff. The 
title of the first edition is as follows : — 

"Military DiBcipline : or, the yong Artillery 
Man. Witerein i* dt«coiiraed and ahowne the 
Poatures hoih of Muaket and Pike: the cxacte^t 
way, ,tc. Together with the Motiona which are to 
be uae<l, in the exorc-JBiiiK of a Foot - tJonifiany. 
With divers and severall formes and figures of 
Btltell; with their reJuoenients; very necessary 

QUERIES. [10*^ 8. V. Jjuc. 6. 1900. 

for all such oa are studious in the Art Military By 
William Uarriff. I'aal. Ut. 1. lilessed bo iho I^rd 
my strength which teachclh my hands to warre, 
and my Kngers to tight. London, Printed by 
Thomas Harper, for Ralph Mab, 1635." 

TJie first and third editions lie before me, and 
contain 320 and 421 pages respectively, so 
that I am afraid your correspondent's copy is 
very incomplete. The third erlition has a 
-still longer title, and was "printed by John 
r>«w8on, and are to be soM by Andrew 
Crooke, at the signe of the Green Dragon in 
Fttuls Church-yard, 1643." The title page in 
both editions is preceded by a portrait of the 
author and the arms of tlio Honourable 
Artillery Company. It is interesting to note 
that the portrait has been brought up to date 
in the later edition. 

Edward M. Bobbajo. 
The Library, Guildhall, E.C. 

Capt. W. BarifFe (or Barriffe) was the author 
of this book. It is quoted in Clifford \V'alton'.s 
' History of the British Army.' About a year 
ago Massrs. Maggs offered a copy of the 
edition of 1G61, in the original calf, for 
2^ 10a. 

I liave a copy of the second edition of 
'Military Discipline, or the Art of War,' 
London. 1G89, in which reference is made to 
"Barriff." W. S. 

' Military Discipline 'i.s by William Barriffe. 
It passerl through six editions in tweaty-;six 
years. See ray * Bib. Militate Books up to 
1042,' No. 1.33. M. J. D. Cockle. 


Oscar Wh.ue BiBLtoGR.vpnY (10"' S. iv. 
2%).— I posse,S3 'The Harlot's House 'in one 
of ray scrap-books, and I am firmly of the 
opinion that the poem originally appeared in 
a sixpenny weekly publication called Life, 
about the years 1877-80. It is a very powerful 
poem of twelve stanzas. S, J. A. F, 

BowE-S OF Elfop.d (lO"* S. iv. 40S, 457).— 
In the quotation from Surtees's ' History of 
Durham,' "the collateral doscendant-s 01 Sir 
Jerome Bowes were of Elford, in Stifotk" is 
not Suffolk a misprint for Staffonlshire, in 
which county Elford is situate 1 

North Midland. 

Repartee op Royalty (10"' S. iv, 467). — 
Surely the numerous ** Court Memoirs," 
"Recollections, " and biographies " by a late 
member of the Court" puhlishe<i in the last 
decade are the beat source for examples of 
royal repartee. Aleck Abuahams. 

39, Uillmarton Road. 

Almaxac, r. 1744 (li>J' S. iv. 486).— I think 
the leaf which Mistlbtos has reproduced is 

fio* a. V. Jan. 6. loco ] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


, OI 

a fragment torn from a copy of * Poor Robin's 
Aliaauao,' but uf what year it is impossible 
to tell except by collation with a perfect copy. 
The edition of 1688 contains a parody of the 
■^urcli of England calendar, in which the 
men of regicidea and other persons occur 
ho were obnoxious to the popular sentiment 
of the time. The " Ilansborough " in the 
present fragment in, there cannot be a doubt, 
a mis-spelling of the Siumame of Col. Thomas 
Rainborowe, a noteworthy officer both on sea 
and land, and a man prominent among the 
independent section of the army, wlio was 
killed at Doncaster, by a body of desperate 
men from the Royalist garrison in Pontefract 
Castle, on 29 October, 1648. Whether the 
deed was done in revenea for the execution 
of Lucas and Lisle on the surrender of Col- 
chester, or whether it arose out of a desire to 
mako Iwainborown a prisoner for the purpose 
of exchanging him for the Royalist lea<ler 
ir Marnmduke Langdale, who was a captive 
A the time in Nottingham Castlo, will pro- 
ably ever remain a matter of doubt. It was 
regarded by the Parliamenttiriana not as 
itimate warfare, but as murder. 

Edward Pjsacock. 

Norwich Court Rolls (lO'*" S. iv. 489).— 
fr. Walter Rye's 'Short Calendar of the 
uda relating to Norwich enrolled in the 
Mirt Rolls of that City. 1285-1306,' was 
iblished by the Norfolk and Norwich 
irchreological Society in 1903. 

Edward M. Bobrajo. 
The Library, GuiUliaU, E.(J. 

Arciiblshoi' Kempk (10"" S. iv. 348, 434).— 

' >u I'jiiDEArx refers to a paper on the 

lemorials of persons buried in the church 

" All Hallows, Rarking. by Messrs. Corner 

id Nichols, in the 7'ransitctiong of the 

jondon and Middlesex Arcli:tJological Society 

(18(>2), ii, 2t5. As I am not able to see those 

transactions, will Cou Pridkat.k kindly 

iform me if Archbishop Kempe had any 

pecial connexion — and if so, what — with Atl 

Ifallowa, Harking 1 O. Laycock Brown. 

Ediubro CottuKe, Ueworlb, V'ork. 

J. Pitts, Printer (10"' S. iv. 409).— This 
ly be the "Mr. Pitts" whose character is 
iven bv Dunton in his 'Life and Errors.' 
Nichols's edition, 1818, vol. i. p. 233. 

Wm. H. Pket. 

CntJRcn SrooT«3 (10'" S. iv. vice).— In Lee's 
• Directorium Anglicanam' directions are 
given that a perforat-e<J spoon should always 
be kept nn the cretlence in order to remove a 
fly or apider which might fall into the 

chalice after consecration. In such a con- 
tingency the insect should be " warily 
taken," then, "washed between the fingers, 
and should then be burnt, and the ablution, 
together with the burnt ashes, must be put 
in the piscina." I know the spoons well- 
there were several in a lot of old family 
plate which was divided amongst us many 
years ago— and always heard them described 
as "mulberry spoons," being intenfled, as 1 
was told, to sprinkle each fruit with a little 
sugar, and then take it up on tho spiked end. 

E- E. Street. 


I possess a spoon like the one described. 
Tlie bowl is pierce<i, ami it ends in a spike. 
It is about five and a half inches in length. 
There is a half-obliterateti "Hon" mark, but 
no dat«-letter. 1 have hearil this called a 
mulberry spoon. You sift the sugar on the 
mulberry by the bowl, impale it on the spike, 
and lift it to the mouth. I do not tliink 
there was ever anything ecclesiastical about 
it : an engraved crest precludes this idea. 
Are such spoons common in churclie-sT If it- 
was to catcii flies, why is the bowl pierced? 
To kill a lly with the spike would be no easy 

task. G. F. BUANDKORD. 

48, Winipole Street. 

The spoons as described are, according to a 
housewife who showed me a valued specimen, 
mulberry spoons. How they came to form 
part of churcli plate I cannot say. 
^ IL P. L. 

"SuiTn" IN L-tTiN (10"' S. iv. 400, 467).— 
"Smith in Latin' is not uncommon in 
its original form as a modern English 
name. There are two well-known actors on 
the London stage who l>ear it. Miss Beryl 
Faber and Mrs. Leslie Faber, while in the 
' Post OiHce London Directory ' it occurs 
seven times. RtDotrn dk Cordova. 

LooPiNO the Loop : Flying ok Cbntri- 
KuoAL Railway: Whirl ok Death (10"> S. 
iv. 65, 17G, 333, 416, 474).— I have a copy of 
the original handbill of the Centrifugal Rail- 
way, which is identical with that given by 
Mr. Aleck Abrahams at 9"' S. xi. 337, ex- 
cept that the show is stated, with greater 
preci!»ion. to be held " at Duliou i gs Exhibition 
of Wax-Work. Great Windmill Street, Hay- 
market." At tlie top of the bill is a cut of 
the railway, sbowing a car containing a 
pas-senger commencing the descent at one 
end, another head downwards at the top of 
the " Vertical Circle," and a third at the other 
end having just finished tho ascent. I think 
Mr. Thomas White has hit on the usual 
pronunciation — Uentrifi\.4al. In the eacW 



NOTES AND QUERIES. tio'" a. v. Jax. 6. im 

*' forties ** there was a song very much in 
vogue, which dei^cnbec] tlie sights of London, 
and one stanza, I recollect, ended with "Cen- 
trifiigal Railway." The only others 1 remem- 
ber (very imperfectly) are the following : — 
Did you ever go to Madame TussauH * 
Yuur iiorlrait lu wax- work she 'a anxious to show: 
!l'heru'8 the King of the French, and Fieschi the 

Comniisaioiier Lin. and the Great Agitator, 
Oh, oil, oh, oh ! Oh, oh, oh, oh ! 

Another stanza, referring to the Chinese 
Exhibition, was something like this : — 
Ching, a-ritig, a-ring, ching, Feast of Lanterns, 
Such a crop of choptlicks, hongs, and gongs. 
Hundred thousand Chinese, crinkunis crankuras, 
All among the I'ekiu pots and tongs. 

I fancy the song came from one of Planches 
extravaganzas. If any correspondent knowji 
the whole of the words, and will communicate 
them to me, I shall feel greatly oitliged, as I 
remember the tunes perfectly. Each stanza, 
I may add, had a different tune. 

W. F. Prideaux. 
1, West Cliff Terrace, Ratnsgate. 

Thomas Podnde, S.J, (10"' S. iv. 184, 2U8, 
472).— At thefirat reference MR.WAiNKWRH.iHT 
pointed nut that "in various places it is 
Asserted that our Thomas Pounde'a mother's 
sister married a Mr. Britten." Thi.i assertion 
seems to be cotifiniie<J by the will of Thomas 
Pounde's uncle, Thomas Wriotliesley, Earl of 
Southampton, who died at the end of July, 
I&50. For in the will, which he made shortly 
before Ids death (P.C.C. 13 Bucke), the earl 
inentioDs his ** sinter Breten," as well as his 
"sister Pounde'and his "sister Laurence." 
The will is printed in the 'Trevelyan Papers' 
(Camden Soc, 1857), p. -JOQ. " Sister Breten " 
does not appear, at any rale by that sur- 
name, in the pedigree as kindly furnishcfl at 
the last reference iiy RoutiE Drauon. 

According to Berry's ' Hampiihiro Genea- 
logies,' 320, Thomas Knight, of How, 
Nortliants, married the earl's sister "Anne." 
I suppose that he was the "Air. Knyght" who, 
in a letter to Wriothesley, dated 12 April, 
1538, was wished "a belter turn if lie marry 
your sister" ('L. and P., temp. Henry VIII.,' 
vol. xiii. pt. i. No. 719) ; and also that he 
was the Thomas Knight who was then in 
Wriothesley's employ {ibid., Nos. 20. 3-24), 
who accompanied him on his embassy abroad 
in the autumn of 1638 (idid., pt. ii. Nos. 542, 
1140, 6ic.), and who in April, 1540, became a 
clerk to the signet in suceesaion to Wriothes- 
ley, upon his appointment as a principal 
Secretary of State {i/yid., vol. xv. No. 611. 17). 
This clerk of the signet is identified {ibtd., 
vol. xviii., index) with Thomas Knight, clerk 

of the Parliaments (1.^43), who had been a 
Winchester scholar (1521), and afterwards a 
fellow of New College (' Oxford Univ. Reg.,' 
O.U.S., i. 331). RouuE Dra<;os (loc. ci/.)doe« 
not mention bis marriage with any sisber of 
the earl. 

In ' L. and P.,' vol. xiii. pt. i. No. 748, 
there is au interesting account of Thoca&B 
Pounde's mother, " Mistress Elyne," her 
virtues, and her popularity as a godmother, 
in a letter of 12 April, 1538, written by John 
White, of Southwick, shortly after sue and 
her husband ha<l settled in White's neipb- 
bourhood in Hampshire. The supposition 
that her maiden name was Wriothesley ba« 

Brevailed so long that perhaps 1iOi;gs 
iRAGON may be induced to give us his 
reasons and authorities, presumably' good 
ones, for making lier only a uterine sister of 
the carl, with the maiden name of Beverley. 

H. C. 

AusiAs March (10«S.iv.469).— The highly 
praised ' Canzones ' or love poems of ** Ausias 
or Augustin March, the great Catalan Trouba- 
dour, and a follower of Petrarch, who 
flourished c. 1450, have never been translated 
into English, although they de-serve a trans- 
lation, according to the opinion <jf Sefior 
Arteaga, him^jelf a Catalan by birtli. The 
late ^cturer on Spanish in the University 
of Oxford, H. B. Clarke, in his excellent 

I handbook of Spanish literature (1893), 
ascribes to Ausias March the glory of beiug 

' the greatest ma.sterof his native tongue. As 
I find in Tickn»r'8 'Historv of Spanish 
Literature,' " his works pa.ssed through four 
erlitions in the sixteenth century, and were 
translated into Latin and Italian. In the 
proud Castilian they were versified by a poet 
of no less consequence than Mootemayor " 
(cf. Ticknor, I.e., vol. i.). A recently' reprinted 
edition which I have before me Ixjars the 
title : ' Ijes Obres <lel valeros Cavalier y 
elegantissim poeta Ausias March,' pp. 255» 
sm. 8vo, Barcelona, 1888, U. Krebs. 

' NicrfOLA.s Nickleby' (lo'" S. i. JW, 217, 
274 ; iv. 455).— I have had the palpable slip 
referred to at the first and last of the above 
references marked iu ray copy ever since I 
first road the book. I have also noto<l the 
statement that, notwithstanding the frott 
was hard enough to freeze the pump, a boy 
had yet been told off to clean the back parlour 
window. John T. 1'a<.v 

Long ItchingtoD, Warwickshire. 

Wkusii Poem (10^" S. iv. 208, 392. 516).— 
W. B.'s communication is another instance of 
the wisdom of " verifying one's refereuoeCk" 




The anecdote quoted as from Dean Rami^ay'a 
' lleminiscences of Scotti'sh Life and Cha- 

Jcter' w given in the original aa follows :— 
'* Ay, oo (Yen, wool), 
"A'oo? (All wool?) 
"Ay, a' oo (Ye«, a11 wool). 
" A' ae 00 : (All name wool ?) 
" Ay, a' ae oo (Yen, all same wool)." 

See twentietli edition, chap. iv. p. 109 
(Edinburgh, Edmonston 6i Douglas, 1871). 

T. F. D. 





F Anthony Rich (10"' S. iv. 401).— I can add 
the interesting note by Mr. W. P. Court- 
'VTEY. To have got all those facts together 
with so much accuracy muat have entailed a 
^good deal of labour, though the skill of the 
rritev prevents it from being apparent. 
Vhat always strikes me as curious in casea 
like this is that those who benefit so con- 
siderably in an unexpected manner aeldoin, 
if ever, do anything to the iionour of the 
person whoso benevolence they enjoy. 

In 187.3 a friend sent me the following note 

— as I have never seen the book I cannot 

vouch for the title:— 

" The handbook of taste : or how to observe 

|Worl{8 of art, esjtecially cartoons, pictures, and 

TUtues. By Fabiiin Pict*)r. London, Longmans, 

lw3 ; second edition, 1844, small «vo, iip. 119, 


" N.H.— The author was Anthnny Rich, son of 
^A. Rich, one of the six clerks in Chauoery." 

My friend added : "I fear this book wa-s 
before its time, and was not a pecuniary 

Under 'Pictor' AllilKjne Rive-s the title. 

Jnder ' liich ' he says that the ' Dictionary ' 

lad nearly 2 000 woodcuts. The expense of 

these must have been enormous. In the 

^present day all of them could be done by a 

^reproducing process without losing the 

^Krtist's style, as they mostly did, with 

^■boodcuts (see my ' Swimming,' pp. 30, 24.'i). 

^P In 1" S. iii. 25<J is an advertisement. "This 

^ay [29 March, 18r)lJ is published 'The 

Legend of St. Peter's Chair,'" &c., and at 

HO. 228 of the same volume is a reply on the 

■bicture of the head of the Saviour, signed 

^a- lii jun. Ralph Thomas. 

WooDKM Watee - riPM IN London (lO"" 
8. iv. 46r)). — Since the excavations in the 
Theobalds Road were commenced I have 
•een a considerable number of wooden water- 
jipes brought to the surface. They were 
ind in an almost continuous length between 
Lion Street and Gray's Inn Road ; and 

»eir direction was invariably east anil west. 

lo doubt they formed part of the line seen by 

[r. Morley Davies north of Kingsgate 

Street. A feature of the excavations behind 
Oray'a Inn Gardens was the number of bones 
of horses and dogs dug up ; the large worn 
cobble stones were also common. 

Except that it extended to Holborn Bridge 
from the north end of Lamb's Conduit Street, 
I cannot &nd any indication of the direction 
of the pipes feeding Lambe's Conduit. The 
following extract is from 'Some Account of 
William Larabe,' «tc., by Abraham Fleming, 
1580 (reprint, 1875, p. 23) :— 

"For let us begin with the conduite. which he of 
his owne coats, not rm^iiiring either collection or 
contribution, founded of late in Holborne, not 
sparing ex|>encea so it might be substantial!, not 
pincbio); fur charges so it might be durable and 
pleiitifull, as they can testifio which sawe the seek- 
ing of the springs, the.manerof making the trenches, 
tlie ordering of the pipes, being iu lunglli from the 
head, to the saide conduite, more than two tliousande 
yardes : and linally, the framing of ouerie neces- 
sarie appurtenance Iherevnto beloDgiug." 

See also ' Uld and New London,' iv. 550, 
Aleck ABRAHAsrs. 

39, Hillmarton Road. N. 

Mulberry and Quince (10"' S- iv. 386, 
438).— During all the days of my boyhood 
there stood a fine quince tree bv the road 
leading to my father's orchard at West 
Ilftddon, Northamptonshire. It was, I believe, 
planted by my grandfather, and although 
now shorn of much of its beauty, it was still 
in position the last time I was on the pre- 
mises. Many people came to admire it wlieii 
it was in blossom, or to beg some of its 
fruit, but I never once heard any one allude 
to the superstition that a mulberry must 
always be planted near a quince to avert ill 
luck, John T. Page. 

Long Itchiogton, Warwickshire, 

John Penu allow (10"' S. iv. 507).— He was 
the son of Thomas Penhallow, and was 
descende<J from John Penhallow, who lived 
in tlie time of King Henry VII,, and was 
married to Mary, daughter and coheiress of 
Vivian Penwarne. of Pynwanie. John Pen- 
liallow, of Clifford's Ion. was married to Mary, 
daughter of Thomas Glyn, of Helston, by 
whom he had one daugnter, Elizabetii, the 
wife of John Peters. His will was dated 17 
May, 1716, and proved 13 July following. He 
was a distant cousin of Samuel Penhallow, who 
emigrated to America, and became Chief 
Justice at Portsmouth. New Hampshire. See 
Vivian's 'Visitations of Cornwall,' pp. 300, 
362. W. F. Prideaux. 

"Jan Kee.s" (10"' S. iv. 509).— "Kees" is 
a contraction of Cornelius, and "Jan Kees" 
merely moans John Cornelius. The popu- 
larity of Cornelius in the Low 'Cou.wVtWA >» 

NOTES AND QUERIES. iio^a. v.4*.v. 

doubtless to be accounted for by t}»e fact 
that the relics of tho martyred Pope Corne- 
lius of the third century were brouglit to 
Compiegne by Charles the Bold, whence a 

Jjortion was carried to the Chapter of 
losnay, in Flanders (see Miss Yonge's 
* Christian Names,' 1884). It would be very 
welcome if light could be thrown on tho 
diflicult question of the etymology of 
"Yankee." "Jan Keea" is, however, merely 
one out of manv>« nickname» applied in 
Flanders to tho iimi landers. Another, for 
instance, is " Kaas-kop," j.e. "Cheese head." 
J AS I'latt, Jun. 

"Kees" is an abbreviated Dutch proper 
name for Krelis, or Kornelis, which is ap- 
plied colloquially to a blockhead, or clumsy 
fellow ; sometimes, also, to a fox dog (ct. 
Holtrop'a ' Dutch-Engl. Dictionary,' 1801). 
If " Jan Kees " were, indeed, the origin of 
*' Yankee" (after the analogy of ''John 
Bull"), both the loss of its final « and its 
present refined would Ije the re.sult and 
polishing effect of an altered time. Perhaps 
some earlier instances of the first occurrence 
of "Yankee" may be found later, enabling 
the e<litor8 of the 'H.E.D.' to decide the 
question. H. Krebs. 

Paruament.vry Wntps (ia*''S. iv. 507) — 
May I point out that I^rd North's interest- 
ing letter quotefl at tlie above reference is 
not what is, at all events nowadays, called 
a "whip." Such a letter (lithographed) is 
sent to every meiulter of the House of 
Commons by the leader of his partj' before 
the beginning of each session. 

" Whips ' aro notices of every parlia- 
mentary day's baaineas, usually five a week. 
They come from the party '* whips"; i? 7., 
for the members of the Unionist party from 
Sir Alexander Acland-Uood, chief " wliip " 
of tliat party. The chief "whips'' send 
out the written (if , litliographed or type 
written) " whips " according to party. 



I/iPM of the EiiqIM Pott*. By Kminifll JohnBon, 
LL.D. Edited by Weori-e Birkbeck Hill, D.C.L. 
3 vols, (Oxford, Cldrendoii Press ) 
Sorn crown upon Dr. nirkl)cck Hiira Johnsonian 
labours as is uivolvcd in the a|i|iMir«nce of liiiii 
splendid nnd auihorit&tivc edition of tho ' Lives of 
the KriBliah Poets' can only be laid ii|ion hia tomb. 
Tho work itself \» complete, and the worker 
Home has ^one and ta'en /m waives. 
The task ofrtnal recen.<»ion lias, however, devolved 
bia iieph(!w, Mr. Ueirold iSi>encer Scott, who 

ha4 respecleil his uncle's ■ ' ; . -.-■\ ii •■: 'ion, 
has c<)rrecle<i obvious tv .inj 

hai^ ill AecoriUiic-e wiih .in- 

cluded in brackets such ievt tjliiuit^o iir uddi- 
tioDR na he lias felt constrained to n>aki?. Mr 
IScott'a chief task ha« consisted in the veritication 
in proof of quotations, a laibonr in this insLauue of 
no common toil and imjiortance. 1'bo ipxl is that 
of the four-volume octavo edition t>f MKK, the last 
jmblished ill Johnson's lifetime. Of Ibis the n'«'l- 

uig has been preserved, the one- ''<' '"•" ■' ''♦'ing 

t.lie punctuation, ubich, by exj'- Dr. 

BirklMick Hill, has been ron«i<'i •■ to 

modern une. A morn ftpariiit^ ein;!i<j>i:iciit of 
majiiseulea i.t, we fancy, to l>e tracinl ; lint on this 
subject, ua we have instituted no exact comiutriion, 
we cannot speak with certainty. 

Apart from its liandsome and attrsolive form, 
which remlera it a grace to any library, this new 
edition— which, if there were in lliose days »ny 
such thing OS Knality, might well be definite and 
tinal— ia notable for the a]if>endice9, the notes, and 
the index. The first named are most numerous in 
the cases of Addison, Cowley. Dryden, <iray. Milton, 
Pope, and Swift. These appendices are often bio- 
Krapliicul, but more often literary and critical. lu 
the case of Cowley, whose life opens out the series, 
Mr. Aldis Wricht K'^es, in Apjterulix A, an extract 
from the records of Trinity College, dated 30 March, 
KJT-W, showinjf that Abraham Cowley was "chosen 
into a drie ClioristRr's place in reversion," a "dtie 
chorister" being, it is conjectured. 00c who did 
not sintf, which does not seem wholly Satisfactory. 
Appennix Ii sniiplies oon<lemnation,by the Wartons 
(Joaeph and I'bomaa), Culeridgf, and I^andor, of 
Cowley's Latin verse. Appendix C deala with 
'Tiio Cutler of Coleman iStreet,' with Cowley'a 
moderate ambition, with Johnson's use of the 
unhappy term " metajibysical poels." and so forth. 
A|ipendix X, which follows, is affixed to Milton, 
and shows ua what seventeenth and earlv etgh- 
teeuth century writer* said of that poet. The only 
tliinfi regrettable in a deeply intereslinu noie is an 
injudicious criticism by L>r. Birkbeck Hill himself, 
who, engrossed in eighteenth century lUrrature, 
expresses an opinion that Mas'^on cx«iKK^ra(«s (.ij 
Milton's reputation, which |irovoke« tho excIaiQA' 
tion, " Nc siitira crc|>idam judicaret." 

BetM-een the appearance of Ur- I{irkl)eck lfifr» 
nmKoificnnt edition of Boswell's life and (hat of 
this edition of tho ]>oet8 almost nineteen yean have 
|»asaed, without any diminiitinn of the earnestness 
and tho couHcienliounneaR of tho labour. The notea 
to the Utter work are indeed as useful nnd as 
ample as those of tho previous, and the present 
index constitnteaa valuable appendix to that of the 
life, which may coinil ah the most useful of modem 
days. iStriet An<l narrow as was the limitation 
iniiMMed upon .Tolinaoti by hia political convictions, 
his lives of tho jiools remain priceless. While 
lenient and tender to the ribaldries of Prior, and 
indulgent to the obscenities of Swift, ho is churlish 
anti griidKinit to Milton. It is, however, needless 
and inex|)edient to deal afresh with the value of 
Johnson's literary estimates. When these wore 
not coloured by his prejudioe-s, I hey w«re those of 
his time, and they Imve in plentiful measnre th» 
irnalilies of his rnbust nnd assertive jierstinality. 
To the Bcholar and the mini <if letterx l*r. Ibrkbeck 
Hill's will remain not only the best, but the only 
conceivable edition of the lives. So larRe is th« 
moss of iuformatiou these volumes eoutain that 

io^8.v.Ja.s.6.ibc6.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 

'they form an indi«iicnsable ^nrlion of the eqtiip- 
fmerit. of the •tiiaent', Tlie notes which Dr. 
Sirkbeuk Hill Buppliea may be nsttti with coiiBtftnl 
<)elighl ami editication, mixed with whal ia more 
than a little bewildering. Wo rise from their 
perusal with as much iloulit of the value of criliciaiii 
«ii<l the gaiiity of critics an we do from that of the 
■eparate Ucins in the ^reat ^'u^io^l)lll Shakespeare, 
in which there in "but one half]i«nnyworlh of 
bread to this intolerable deal of sack." It is not 
easy, howerer, to overestimnte the value of thia 
edition as a contributiou to literature. 

L'Hoiiinurt ton Imajjt. Par Ch Moreau Vauthier. 

(Hachette et Cie.) 
Osi: more of the Biimptuoua annuals issued by the 
lltreat puhlishint; firm of Hachette reaches us, anil 
1 in some respects of luxury and beauty goes beyond 
its predecesHorn. In shape and ilesiEii it belonm to 
'ihesaine nrrler at ' L'IiiiaK« de la reninie' of M, 
^Armand Dayot, lu«i>ectcur de« Beaux-Arts (see 
rS"* S. iv .C49), and tlie anonymous ' Portraits de 
I I'Enfant ' (see 9"> S. viii. 5\S). It may claim, how- 
lever, to be more inlvreating than eitlior, and goes 
l.far to establish the o{Muion or heresy that in man, 
' M in other »i>ecie«. the masaulinclieurc u worthier 
tliaii the feiiiinine. No serious attempt ia made tu 
prove this by drawings from the nude, or by repro- 
fiactions of the masterpieces of ancient suulptiire. 
[One or two such apnear. A wooden etatuo of 
iRamke or the Cheik el Beled, from the museum at 
[iJairo, serves as a fruutispiece ; the famoun marble 
f* Hermes 'of Praxiteles and the Vatican 'Hercules,' 
[ irith bust s of Roman emjierors and the like, beinsalso 
[ •upiiliecl. Asa rule, jiictoriul raliier tliau plaatic 
Ikn lias been called into reipiest ; the likeneiteii are 
Ijdraped, or in ancient or modern costume, and are in 
[ninocase^ nut nf ten those of known or recognizable 
I'indiviiiiials. The Iettenire<», moreover, is able, 
|iliou(.'lilfiit, judicious, ann the work may on ita own 
ImeriiM bo icad with interext and advantage. Inci- 
I dentally the book, like others of its (iredeceasors, is 
* guide tu ]>lctorial art, and fumi^hen ilhislraliona 
«!^l\ie principal schoolR of portraiture in Italy, 
Bpain, France, the Netherlands, England, und 
I elsewhere. It is an apotheosis of the portrait 
liainter's art. (piotiiig the ojiiiiion of Baudelaire 
that tlic artint must see all ihnt shows it>(«i|f and 
'divine all (hat lets itself b« hid, depicting; fur us 
[jiJitres weefiing with nervousness over hie power- 
'essnrts lo seixo what he felt to be essential, and 
)eIacroix sufToriitz beneath his sense of incapacity. 
The work of .Nl. Moreau Vaulhier \^ arrnni;cd 
inder four head«, aiiswerin): t'l as many periods : 
Irst, that of the athlete, which covens the whole of 
Atiiptity; next, that of the swordsman ("rhonime 
r<!|)vi)'), which treats of the Middle AgeR ; then 
f.lhat of the courtier, corre»p(>ndiiij< to iho Keuajs- 
lance ; an<i, laRily, " riiumnie d nffitires,'' who domi- 
lates the i>eriod from the French Revolution until 
o-day. Tlifcse divisions are necessarily more or 
_ess arbitrary, but answer suthciently well their 
[{iDi'pose. They run intfj one another much 
W do the seasons, and the courtier of the 
lime of Lnuia XIV. was preeminenlly also th»> 
liuan of the sword. The oriidn of the athlete is 
litaken ns found ID Kj^ypt, ond the earliest dbsi^nfi 
kre those of the Sphinx of (iitteh and the likeiie^is of 
Ramft4ea II.. otherwise Sesostris, PliarnoliR, and 
tlher*. AsHyrinn and (ireek art come next, and 
^utts of Apollo and Jupiter follow ihosu of 
^ ?tucBthene« and Socrates, and are in turu fol- 

lowe<l by those of Augustus, Pompey, Vespasian. 
Marcus Aurelius, and iSeneca, Men c>f the aworri 
Often out not too appropriately with Christ, We 
soon arrive, however, at portraits by Mabiue» 
Diirer, Van Kyck, Holbein, Cranuch, and Botti- 
celli, the jtortr&it of Alva I y Antonio Moro being 
perhaps the deadliest as well as the most modern. 
A me.e nomenclature of the heads of highest 
interest which we find in this section would retjuirc 
more space than we can afford. ' L'Uomme de 
l^'our ' section begins with Varin's portrait of 
Jj'juis XIV^. AmonK other portraits are Jacopo 
Palma'a 'Ariosto' from the National Uallery ; 
Titian's ' AreLino ' from the Pittit iallery ; Leonardo 
da Vinci, Rubens, Rembrandt, Velasquez, and 
Reynolds, all by the |)aintera themselves. * Les 
Hommes d'AtToires* lead olf with Napolcun I. by 
Houdin, unless we can regard as bclouKiug to that 
category M- Rodin, who api>ear8 in the Prt^facc. 
Dislirixuishefl among the rcmaiiiinn designs are the 
I>uc do Richelieu by Lawrence ; Nanteuil by 
Fagriest; Balitac, a very strikin;; picture by 
Boulaugcr: Bcrtin by Ingres; David, Oavarni, and 
Delacroix by Iheuuelves; a iiainter by Goya; 
Manet by P'antiiiljitour ; CJarlyle by Whistler; 
Kmilo de Girnrdin by Carohis Duran ; a young^ man 
by Riniot; (.ii'ronie by Morot : Pasteur by Edelfelt ; 
and Tolstoi by Prince Troiibctskoi. A work in its 
class of equal interest is not easily to be recalled. 
Incidental deaigna are no less noteworthy tlinn the 
other features, and the whole ia in an artistic 
binding of inlaid green calf. Such a gift-book would 
grace any collection, and delight the philosopher as 
well as tlie man of taste. 

A GtHtcdoyical ami Ha-a'dic. DiHiotmru of the 
J'terayc tmd liaromluye, d-r. By Sir Bernard 
Burke aud Ashworth P. Burke. (.Harrison &. 
.Sons ) 
Ratiiku later than usual, in consequence of the 
deairo of tlie editor to include eo far as possible 
the promolioiiBiiecoasiizuted by the change of (Jovern- 
nient, the eminent and authoritative peerage of 
Burke— the most )m])i>rtanl of e.xistin;; works of 
genealogical reference— makes its appearance. A 
8ii]>plenient prefixed, contrary to the wont of such 
thni^H. to llio volume atFord^ nil iuformation 
puasible as to the outKoing and I he incoming 
ministry. In common with all annuals, ' Burke ' is 
subjected to the inconvenience canted by the fact 
that the date of piiblicntion coincides precisely 
with that of a political crisis, by the results of 
which nearly every page of the contents ia afTocted. 
iSome thirty odd columns of preliminary matter 
serve to miiiimi/.e, so far as the reader and student 
are concerned, the inconvenience thus caused, and 
pluce the jieerago in its cstnbliiihed position of 
"tipplyi'iE the latest and amplesL information. 
What in the preface ia Miid about the new 
ediiiuu serves equally well for announcement 

I and comment. " Words seem hardly necesgory," 

' tbe work hiiviiig htren '' too long befote the public, 
' and [having] parsed thinugh loo ninuy eiiitiona, to 
need ex)>liiiiaiion rd it« ])laii and ecope. which 
remain wiihoiii choiigu through an iinbiokcn 
career uiipornlleled in l('ngih"lihe pietentis liie 
sixty eighth edition)- Wiiliout its rcciirrtnt aid, 
genealogy in its moK tnletctting phatea, and 
esiiecially in its ceiincxion with hiftory find blazon, 
Would be an iiiiptLililablit mid C( ii ' '. uiirdi- 

fying pursuit, while Kntjliinil wi i, privt- 

Ic ge of pustetfcing a record of heitd ^ - v^jvxx *.vA. 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo"* a. v. Jan. e. im 

nwdem achievemeat such aa no other country c&n 
claim, The chief honours chronicled are thase 
bestowed on H.R.H. the Duchess uf Fife and her 
princely descendanlf. Another daughter of His 
Majesty has with her husband ascended the tliroue 
of Norway; while a daughter of the Duke of Con- 
naughl is married to the eventual heir of the sister 
kingdom of Sweden. Another matter to which 
special attention is called as an ontcome of the 
past few days is the assignment to the Prime 
Minister — hitherto without any precedence— of a 

£ lace immediately followiag the Archbishops and the 
,ord Chancellor when a peer, and liefore the entire 
peerage of whatever degree. Among the most 
recent accessions it is sufficient to mention that of 
the popular Hon. John Walter Edward Douglas 
Scott-MoDlagu aJi second Baron Montagu of Ueau- 
lien. No more lias to be added than that the 
supremacy of ' Burke ' is worthily maintained. 

Onf. of the most interesting features— and, from 
a certain historical standpoint, one of the most 
important also— in the immortal diary of Pepys is 
the record of his visits to the theatre. From this 
we obtain ulinoat all the exact information we 
possess as to the dates at which certain dramas 
of Eteatoration times first saw I he light. Under the 
title ' Pepys and Shakospoare ' Mr. Sidney Lee has 
■ent to The Fortnightlii a valuable and interesting 
paper showing the inletloctiial Iimitation» of Pepys 
lu Iho censures he passes uii-on plays. The whole 
ends with a eulogy of Beltertnn. who seems, 
indeed, lo have been the foremost actor of all 
times in iSUakespeare. Mr. Mlingnby Roberts has 
much to sny concerning Nero in 'Modern Drama,' 
the word " moilern" including Tudor limes. Send- 
ing the first part of a series of palters to be ULlJed 
'The End of the Age,' Tolstoy finds a good deal 
Ibat is ciiecrlng in the victory of Japan over Russia 
and in the present rcvolutnonary Dutbreak. M. 
Maurice Maetcrliikck say.') much that is true, and a 
little that has been said before— by V'oU*ire among 
others— about ' Our Anxious Morality.' Mrs, John 
Lane writes very amiidingly about 'The London 
'Bus,' wliich she regards as " the true republic," 
8> it may be, hut we have seldom seen eLsewhero 
more comic atTcctations of social superiority, 

Artklks on any but political and economic 
topics are scarce in Tkf Xintteenth dnhtrij. Mr. 
Michael MacDonngh supplies a contribution on 
'The Making nf Parliament,' which in appearance 
it timely, and is in no sense controversial. Orti-oi 
is familiar enough to those who have made any- 
thing in the nature of a rcHidence in any of the 
l.SOOor more FroiiL'li towns where it prevails, but 
doea not come nnieb in the way of I he traveller. 
The octroi on alcohol alone yields in Paris over a 
luillion iwunds sterling. Prof. Ridgeway's recently 

fmblished work on ' The Thoroughbred Horse ' 
urnishes Mr. Wilfrid Scawon Blunt with text for 
A good page. In an anti-Matlbusian arlitle Mr. 
Barclay draws sanguine couctuHirvns concerning the 
diminishing birth-rate. Ladv Burghclera's contri- 
bution on 'Stratford aa a Letter- Writer' is the 
moat literary in the number. An Anglo-Ja|>ane8o 
ladf lends a romantic account of a Japanese 
tni&dy. 'Lafeadio Heani,' by Mrs. Arthur Ken- 
nerd, also deals with Japan. 'The Chancellor's 
Rolx^' by Col. Spencer Childers, lets in light upon 
a curious custom. 

'SrARKSFKOM TUK Anvil ; i>R, TnoufMiTs or A 
QVKRN,' by far the most interesting article in The 

Xalioiial Itei-irw, consists of utterances by Carmen 
Sylva, which for acute observation and for anti- 
thesis may com]>are with the gnomes of the beet 
French writers. U We were to begin to quote, wo 
know not when we should leave off. For " jiru- 
deiit doubt," which in 'Colloquies in a Suburban 
(iarden ' is said to be " the beacou of the wi^e, " sub- 
stitute 7H0ilcM ilonht, which is what Shakespeare 
said. AmuKin^and interesting are 'The Humoura 
of Parish Visiting.' Many unsuspected mattera 
lurk under a rather vague title. Lord Ratlimore'a 
' Devolution ' opens out the Irish Question; 'The 
Pattern Englishman and his Record reaolves itaelf 
into an arraignment of Sir Henry Campbell-Banner- 
man ; and the 'Colloquies 'noticed above end in a 
disapproval of Irving's entombment in Westminster 

Sir Algernon \Vk.'<t in TTic CoruhiU writaa 
with much sjirightliness about Mayfair and 
Thackeray. \ iscount St. Cyres gives maojr 
instances— which might, however, be indefinitely 
e.xlended— of ' Judges' " Wul."' Mr. W. A. Shea- 
stone ha^ a sciontitic contribution on 'Malter* 
Motion, ond Molecules.' In 'A Memory' Mias 
Katliarine Tynan describes a mild and sympathetic 
Irish barrister, whom she does not name, but 
whose identity could doubtless be made out. 
Part IV. of * Reminiscences of a Diplomatist' con- 
tinues its interesting account of St. Petersburg' 
before the outbreak of war in the Crimea. 'From 
a College Window,' Part IX., is rather saddening. 

The famous ' V'enus and ('upid' of \'elasqnez 
serves as frontispiece to 77j« Bnrliitf/ton, and is the 
subject of a reproachful article, the effect of which 
will be iiiY. Sir Richard Holmes sends tho lirat 
part of an essay on Nicholas Hilliard as an English 
miniature painter. The illustrations include two 
likenesses of Queen Elizabeth from Wolbeck Abbey 
and Windsor Casltp, one of Lady Jane Grey, ana 
others of Henry VII. and VIII., Edward VI., »nd 
,James I. Prof Baldwin Brown's ' How Oreelt 
Women Dressed' is concluded, as is Mr. Beck'a 
' Ecclesiastical Drem in Art.' 

'A Fifteenth - CesTrKY Lcsiisakist,' Piero 
dclla Francesca, bv Mr. Laurence Housman, which 
opens No. '2 of Tht Mauja-int of Fine Arl», haa 
a finely coloured reproduction of the 'Nativity' 
from the National ('sllery, and many other Mrell* 
executed |>lAtes, 'The Landscapes oi Rubens* is 
another tiuely illustrated paper. A coloured plate 
of Diana and Endymion, a tinted leproduc- 
lion of Cleopatra, and a do»>n other plates 
accompany Sir J. I). Linton's 'Art of Williani 
Etty, R.A,' These may serve to bring back into 
favour an artist whose flesh tints were once held 
remarkable, but who is now sadly and unjustly out 
of favour, 

TiiK frontispiece to The Pall Mall consists of 
'Mile. Diirv,' a reproduction of a picture vaguely 
described as of the French School, but with a 
I>o«sible suggestion of Gren/.e. 'The Second City 
of the Empire' depicts Liverpool by |icu and 
pencil, lu 'Eton Scnooldays' tho Earl of Uiirbani 
18 presented. Sir Harry H. Johnston deals with 
'The Cave Dwellers in the Tunisian Sahara.' Mr. 
Charles Morley's ' London at Prayer ' presents the 
Poor Brothers at the Charterhouse, one face ir» 
which seems recognixable. 

Is Thr I'Vfr Mr. lioberl Barr quotes Campl>ell 
"from memory," and certainly do<u not improve* 

uf^ 8. V. Ja>. a. i9tG.) NOTES AND QUERIES. 

him. Geoeral 8ir Oeorge Wolaeley gives an account 
of * A V»le of I^nhernc.' 

Odr renlers will doubllesa have leen Ihe intorest- 
init ami unmiaLal«»l>le reference to Shakeapeare 
which Mr. Siiiney I.«e communicated to The 7 ime* 
of the ■27th iilt. The precise words, contained in a 
houwhoid account of the expenses incurred at Bel> 
voir, by Francis, sixtii Karl of Rutland, are as 
follows:— "1613, Item, 31 Marlii, to Mr. Shak- 
•peare in Kold about my Lordes impreso, xliiij*. ; 
to Richard Biirba^e for paynling aud niakinfr yt, 
in Rold, xliiii*.— iiii/i. viij^.'' The entry has much 
curiosity, and Mr. Lee's account of the"impre«o" 
ilaelf. and of the conditions attendant on and 
followini; ita jinxluclion, and of the relation* 
between the Karl and tiie Tudor poets, is a cha- 
racteristically fine piece of scholarship, which our 
readers will do well to study. 

Mk. Rohkrt Brows, of Barton-on-Humbor, ia 
writinK a history of his native town. The first 
volume, which covers tiie history from Roman 
times to ll&l, will shortly be published by Mr. 
Elliot Stock. It is in (juarto, and embellished wilh 
illuatr&tioua, maps, plans, and facsimiles. 


A HAPrv Nkw Yt:AR to booksellers, readers, and 

Mr. H. W. Ball, of Barlon-on-Humber, has 
many interesline items under America. Lincoln- 
'•hire. Freemasonry, and Wesleyan. Under thelast 
\mn !<72 Methodist pamphlets, (5/. 10^.; and a col- 
lection of over eJRht hundred works by Wesleyans, 
l2W. Under C'romwelliana is a chronological list of 
[events in which Cromwell was engaged, with M tine 
[portraits, folio, old crimson morocco, 1810, 4/. lOx. 
, Mr. Andrew B»xendine, of Edinburgh, baa 
•Facsimiles of the National ManuscripU of Scot- 
lland,' 3 vols., alias folio, 1867-71. 3/. 15*. Under 
Bcr>tland there is a set of Tlf, Urotd^h ilfoijraphical 
JUaatvJiK, 20 vols.. W. &^■', and the ' Now Statistical 
Account of Scotland.' by the resjieclive nitnislers 
of each i>arisb, 15 vols., 1845, 21. 1*). fr/. (published 
«t 16/. \&f.). 

Mr. Thomaa Carver, of Hereford, has a collect inn 
of beautiful books suitable for presents. We 
note a few : Lamb's ' Elia,' first issue of the first 
edition. 18-23. 'J. 7*.; 'Turner.' by .Sir Walter 
Annstrong, l'2I. 12^. ; and hrst edition of Thacke- 
lay'a ' K«inoud,' " a brilliant copy," IW. 

Mr. Galloway, of Aberystwyth, has first editions 
of Genroe Meredith ; a long list under Classical ; 
Karly Children's Bocjks ; Shaksiicare, edited by 
Henley, 3/. S'j. ; and Rabelais, with Chalon'a plalea, 
edited by A. H. Bulleo, 16f. Under Walea is 'The 
MabinogioD,' translated by Lady Guest, 1S47, 

MeMTB- William ( Jeorpe's Sons, of Bristol, have 
works on Architecture, Natural History, and Geo- 
logy. Among the general enlricfi we note ' Paradise 
Keffaiii'd,' to which is added ' Smiison Agonisles," 
1071, 10'. Under Napoleon is a coloured print, 
diswn by Capt. Marryat, of the funeral procession 
.ting Lougwood. 

Mr. lieorge Gregory, of Bath, has a catalogue 
devoted to Greek and Latin Classics (with many 
exiiuisite colour prints of J. R. 8mith in the 
Addenda), aud another catalogue of general litera- 

ture. We would strongly urge Mr, Gregory to 
adopt the usual catalogue form. We find the on* 
he uses most dillicult to read. 

Mr. Frederick R. Jones, of Thamea Ditton, has a 
set of the Archivological Society's Joiimaf, vols. i. 
to xxxii., l!:45-75, 51. 10*.; Baring-Gould'a 'Book of 
Were- Wolves,' 1863, 2ii.; Arnold's ' Friendship'a 
(rarland,' first edition. 1871, t^JM ; Billings's 'Anti- 
quities of S<"otland,' 4 vols., lH4j-5'2, 6/. ti< ; La Fon- 
taine, Amslerdani, 1764, ~l. 7'.; and Rogera'e 'llaly,*^ 
uncut, with the labels, 1830-34, o/. 5s. 

Messrs. Myers & Co.'s list contains interesting 
works under America; also under Art, including 
Chignell's ' Life and Paintings of Vicat Cole,' 
1898, 30'».; i»iui Humiihry Ward and Roberts'* 
' Romney,' 7^ 5^. Tliere are many noteworthy 
items under Dramatic, also under Occult. Amone 
the general entries are Warrington's ' History of 
Stained Glass,' folio, 1848, 3/. 0*.; "'1 he .'Secret His- 
tory of Queen Kliisabeth. Printed for Will witlv 
the wish," 1695, 10«.; Bray ley's' Ixmdiniana,' 4 vols.. 
l^iS, 15*.; Gray'a ' Indian Zoology.' 18110 4. 4/. 10a.; 
Skelton'a ' Oxfordshire,* 1823,.3/.; Forbcs's * Kalen- 
dars of .Scottish ^)aint«,' 1/. 12«. Sr/.; Barrere and 
Leland's 'Dictionary of Slang,' 1/. 7*. (>/.; and a 
copy of the firm's ' Catalogue of Engraved Por- 
trait*,' H.ilOO items, Is. M. 

Mr. Poycider, of Reading, haa a choice aet of 
Park's ' Brilisli Poets,' crimson morocco, 10^, lOt.: 
a complete set of the Delphin Classics, 8/. S^.; and a 
irood coi>y of A&hmole's 'Berkshire,' 17116. 01. 6w. 
There are many interesting items under Ballads, 
Philology, Military, Kcononiics and ijociology, and 
Botany and Horlicullure, 

Mr. James Roclie has a genuine original set of 
Punch, 1841 a.}, I3jts. ; Dunker'a 'History of Anti- 
quity,' Bentley, lS77->2, 21. 3^. W. ; Howell nnd 
Cobbett's ' Stale Trials.' scarce. IS0ft'3i (published 
at 52/.), 12/. ]'2/<. ; Macklin's 'Old and New Tegu- 
ments,' 6 vols., rusaia, 1800, 2L lOw. (cost 8o/.)t 
Motley's 'John of Baroeveld,' out of print, Murray. 
1874, 21. 8«. W. : and Rattray's 'Costume of 
Afghanistan,' scarce, 1848. 2/ I2i. 6</. There are a 
luiinber of Morks on the Indian mutinies, a collec- 
tion of ' Voyages Pittorestjiioi',' military w orks, Ac. 
Mr. Ludwig Rosenthal sends us from Munich an. 
iltuatrated catalogue of rare and costly iKx^ks. and 
another concerning the Eastern Church. He ofiera, 
amnngst other things, 'Acta Sanctorum,' MS. or 
the eleventh century on velliim, 2,000m. ; a Com- 
munion Office of Edward VL, by A. Alesiua, a 
.Scotchman, .'iOOm. ; Aristophanes, eleven plays in 
the edition of Grynrcus, 1532, 100m.; A tireok MS. 
containing 'The Clouds' of Ariatnyibanes, Ihe- 
" Hecuba' and 'Orestes' of Kuripidea, and the 
'Works and Days' of He«io<l, with scholia iii- 
the margin, jireaumably of the fourteenth century, 
8110m.: some early cditt'jns of Aristotle : an English 
Armorial, MS. on sixleenth-ceiilury paper, Horn. 5, 
an Italian Armorial. I4(i0, I.OOOm. ; the Bil)l:ia Pnly- 
glotta of Cardinal Ximenes: and many other 
rarities. Admirers of French elegance should Hud 
a set of Dorat, '20 vols., cheap at 40Om. 

The books on the Eastern Church are of special 
interest at the present moment. 1'hcy include 
several specimens of the work of Thnnia.s Smith 
(1638-1710), a Nonjuririg divine whose knowledge of 
Ea<itern ccclesiology gained him at Oxford the name 
of " Rabbi " Smith. Volumes also of a wider acrtvv 
are entered here, such as Kr«in\V»R>cv« » ^».M^»vi^ 



(10'»«. V. J;»^. 6. 190a 

'History of Dyxanttne Literature,' oiT-HoS, second 
«<1ition. i!6in. oU. 

Mr. H. Seers, of Ley ton, has under Penn the 
extremely rate book-plalo of " William Penn, Kacj.. 
Proi«riclor of Poimsylvanift," dated 1703, inuuuteu 
(n blaek-aiid-KoId frame, 11/. II4. 

Messrs. tjinimona k Waters, of LeaniinRtnn SSi»a, 
iiave a lart$e-|)aper copy of Lidy Kachel Hitsselrs 

* Letter*,' water-colour painting on the fore edxe, 
J79°2. 4/. ; and a collecliou of book calHlo^nes, 17H5, 
l\U. &l, (in one of these a copy of tite !Sc»cond Fuliu 
«:>hake«i>eare is marked 2Ia.). Those in search of 
the horrible will find it iii lot 160._ It is a working; 
model uf the Kuillotiue, 12 incites high, made iu bone 
i>y a KrerK'h prisoner. The victim is a woman ; 
there are three alteudanta and tiie executioner, 
whose liand loucliefi the cord holding the knife, 
which falls and cul-s off the head of the victim. 
It was made about 1795, and may be liad for SiJu. 

Me«ar«. Henry Sotheran it Co.'s Price Current 
Ho. G»S coniaina neatly fuurteeti hundred items, 
«iid has in addition a oatalof;uc uf newly bound 
buokx. The former is full of valuable items. We 
note a few : Palo-ographical Society's Pitbliculions, 
187.'I04, 'All. lO*.; the ori|:itml edition of Silvcstre's 

• I'lileoBraphie Uniserselle." Ditiot. li«9-4l. ."ItV.; 
£unsen's ' Enypt,' 4/. l(Xi. ; (Jditltield'a ' i'artrails,' 
J8l3'i0, iV. ot.; a comple'.e set of the Chetham 

:iely's Publications, ■-''2/. lOv; Oxford Historical 
jociely'a Publicatioiis, complete to VMH, \\f. H^.; 
The Aiiiiiiul Ueuister,' with iitdex volume, 1758- 
' IHIK), '2S/. 10*.; a 'Collection des Memoires relalifsa 
'I* Kevolution I''rmii,'iise.' a choice set, 57 vols, in 51, 
W. 1C< ; and ' JCupuli-ou III. devanlla Piesse Con- 
lemporaiiie en IST.'i,' 7/. 7<. The liistorital works 
are classihod under the Ancient World, the Dark 
A^e^i Eii(flund. &c. 

Mr. Walter T. Sitencer has valuable iter.ia under 

Aiken and under America. 'I'he latter include 

Murray's 'History of the \Var,' 9/. 0». ; and 

ilcKenney's ' Indian Tribes,' 5/. l'2i. GJ. A most 

extensive colleoiion of prose essays, sketches, 

BiitoKraphs, cuttiuRS, &c., 77 vols., 4to, l8tW-97, is 

•20'. Under AngliuK occur Walton, Cotton, and 

Venables, 1670, 24/. : another copy, W. ; also 

Pickerintf 8 edition, I83G, Ml. lln. A tirst edition 

of Ariosto. 1531, is Si. tU. There is a treasure in 

vellum, *«>ok of Hour*,' Pari-i, 147t», 11/. U^. 

luioiie first ediliona are (Sray's 't)des,' ^itrawlwrry 

lill, I7.'i7. 1'-/. I'i< : and Heath's ' llunioro\tM Scrai.s,' 

, Qi. d'l- Those of Swinburne include •The 

{neation,' S/. ti< : those of Tennyson. ' Poema,' 

_12, 24A ; and tliose of Thackeray, ' The Second 

funeral of Nannleon,' CunninKhaui, 1811, IVil. 

JmoUett's 'UoJerick Rrtiidnm.' I74S, is 9/. 9«, : 

fierce Kjjan's ' Life in Loml.n,' Isjl. 10/, 10«. ; 

*l<«al Life iu London.' IS/. 1H«. ; mid ' Finish t" the 

lvcniiire«< of Torn, Jerry, and Logic." '*H/, Field- 

inti't ■ : us,' 174'-'. is 11/. The first 

«diti< I iide 'Sketches by l{o7..'with 

an iiti^ . 1 by Cruikahank, \X«}, '.m. ; 

and 'Mam mI,' wiih an uriKinal pencil 

■drnwitisr of iiz/lewii. siispni'tJi ihe f.and- 

i.i ' ■ ■ ' ;, ,•-■'• 10-. A. ' ..- : ■ ' ■ ' : ,11 

mal pUn I' 1 

li-.'. . ,- • 'I' ' Tlio Hui :y 

in liie writing of DiokeiiH, l^'iO. iltts i« pi ice<l lil 

•2il |(W There la a lonf; lint under (Jniikshauk, 

' ' " tioii of press opinions and pro- 

/ Iu (sir Henry ining and the 


Mr. Thomas Thorp, of Ren i 

edition of Whymper's 'Ascent . 

18*.; Fox-Davieas 'Armorial < '''\ 

Ihe Century Uictjonary.' Tim.. e<i.uon,'7/ 7*1 

Disraelis Cunositits of Liierai,,™' Moxrm lAlft 

Memoirs,- 1K74 S*7. . • '^"* 

SKk. ; ' (rreviile 


W. |.»;i. : MusKrave's Obituary pr 
Har eiaii Society. l.syO. 4/. 4.. ; and il,. ,.,;, 

of Ihackeray a ' Our Street,' IS4S 9. 2{M li,er^m^ 
'^^y^^ittrenUng items under London Parish R«£k 

Mr. 'rhomaa Thorp at St. Martin's Lane Inu. • Tl,» 

nlll\"r^ ^*8iBter; from its como.mce....".'^, .^ 

k^i ^^T""!!!'' ''.."*^ : Wynne's ' Jb ,. T' 

16511. .-v. .1^. ; Hassell « 'Kucursion.s.' 1 v .„j 


- (two 

cuUloKue from St..Ma'","L;„; con uln""**"'' 

editions of J. M. Barrie'* works; a lau " 

of Aiitouraph Franks. '21 l!i.; Wahoti 

J;"*"^' if'' .*".'■ ""^ *"''■"'''*'"">'' s Til. J-« 

Own Book, 1S4I. a fine coj.y. scarce. IV. 12* tLi 

i>.hr«t. editions of Dickens include 'NidioU. 

Nickleby. oriKinal wrapper*, 3/. 7.. OV. ThJri a?2 

p.cau?e'ii'oTtcL';s:.^^*^'^"' ^' "^>-«-- •^••"•«' 

Navy Keeords Society, 14 vols., 4/. 15, j i.^-r^ ^ 
4'.» vols, of hrst editions of Scott, n/. I.V,. A j inU 
BslinK Cruikshank item, 'The Blue lievils' (i" 

collies, one retouched by him), 


9t>U«i to «or««ponbfttt«. 

noUeu^"** "*" ^^""^ «»''e«<io« to (A. /oUou,, f 

On all communications must l»e written the n.». 
and addre«i of the sender, not neceWilyfor ne^' 
iKjation, but as a guarantee of good fnith, 

WxcaunotuudertAke to answer 

To secure insertion of . 
s|>ondents must observe th' 
each note, query, or reply hr 

slip of paper, with the siKn«i,.re of the w.n^r ,nd 
such addresa as he wishes to«,,pMr. Wl„.„ ,^,,,'^r 
inK <juene8,orniakiiiR notes with r. 
entries in the pajker, routribuini- " 

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UTMU4 0k|ilUl.MOODI 


Oirirad U) LnlliJnn HoollMllcrt •oil Ihnlr AuUU*U. 

A tABDC -M or -ommn o( twenty «»«■ «« '»»Ml ili» .om rl Tw.lilT 

'VlRJOHH Permanent n*!!*!!" OK *»•■ 
THlKli M«lln>l AJficr bj Hm'nent l'>i..kUin ««« ••rfwnfn 

toiurVutn^'^'^. "'Ui «•">" protf «iT, c«l. »li4 WM.cml .[Uid<Ubm 
f..r III. u« "^eraber. »■>« «•<«" t»«m«» «« Holld.,. or d.rliig 

*'"«" X l-H^A^'n"""""™ t'"*'^' F«i.«r.l Ri |»JM« »h.» It I* »»^- 
SkVBNTH All Ih'M •" •»»'l»l'l« ""l '<" X*""**" "■•f. >>"•>•«« 

for Ui-lf WHM nr Wl.l<iw.»llil VouBi l"hllilr«« ^ ,, 

ilOHlH Th. p«.m»nl of lot ta-.icrt,U«M ««r»t» M .bw)*.!. 

rt*lit lAlho»« t^mvlt* "n all CM*! of n»*d. ^.^^oi*. 

For f"l5Jfr (.f..rm.tlon •ppir W H" SWttKT. ». OlOHOB 

LAKMlll, JS. •■*'*">""••''*■''"'■ **' 

SBCUKU BIHTIOW, «<»P 8'0. prleo roarptooo. 

Prinelp.1 K.»«i. r»e«J«l l« t*. New T».l.«.e^ iurrm««* 
wnHtr their Fwheh'e Hf.r*rtlT» llfttal. «y W T LYNW B A 
V MA ■ A.»<>eieM ol Kiofi 0»U»t«. Loo*oo. L«t Rewler la the 
mScCT ol IJ^heMer, Aothor of TvHw*..! Moll.*..- ReD« 
CoSJu!- • JUmwkibi. ««Up«e.- • *«rooo»)r lor the Yuuf.»,' A<l 
LondoB ■ 
SAMt'SL BAOSTBH » BOHB, LimnD, IS, PBtemoetor How. 

TWaLFTH EIJITIOS. priw «l«»«iet, tfolk. 

RRMARKABLTC COMRT8 : a. Urief Surrey of the 
moet IntereMlei r.rt. Id th* HIewrr •! CoawUtfT Ailmoar. 
Wj W. T. 1-THN. HA K K A B. 

SAMFiON LOW MARSTOW * ro , Liamo, 
li». l>»wr»o»i»r How, K.O. 

THJRIl BDinoS. H*<riMi to I«04, top 8r».dMh. prlM «lip«Br» 


iV By W T. LYNN, H & F.U.A.B. 

I«n4Mi ! 
■AMVKL BAeVTlR ft BOHH, Ulnm. "k PM«r»M««» ■»»■ 


wow HKAUT, priM )0» M. •>•»■ 




WlUlatnxlartloa t>TJU*RI'M KNiaHr. F «A. 

TMe Inilet !• ilnnbU the •!»« of |>re»loii« o«*e, •• 11 eontalai. le 

«44ltloB t" the «««»1 l»ae« ■>' Hol.lwW, tJie N»m«. and |-<ea4<>«rnia ol 

W>kt«tt wlHialJrtof thrif loetrlhoMooe Tlie liuoil*r of ea«>la«t»e-i» ele.en haodrod The HubllM.«r »»^r»«a tk* 

tUhtoriBcT»«iiBi ihi. pri.e ol ine Vnlame at any tin*. Ill* Dii«t«r 

pniit«<t le IliBile*. ana the tj iw hae beea dl>trlt>«i*4. 

Tm \)J pi-el. lOi. lU, 

JOHX C, PUAHCI*. «"•(•• "Mil Uiittift U»ee, «re>in'» BalMlBtl- *-0. 

VIlAMCIIt frlBier at tb» <«l»»»»a»4. !t«Ut en* Querit', Ac . la 
»r.oafii loVl-niirr V»rl«lAT»l. lor all klad. of B.«iK. NBWg 
iaTpBlllomCAL I'KlKriXO.-IJ, Itraaai. BalUlam. Ck*a««y 

a. B.O. 


I forwWf FarBiahr^ |.lttin«Koo» aad Oa* «*«r«o«. Flaaaaat 

WNOTB* t*B QCI-UIBK free by r«et 1< 104- M for Ma Moatke; 
or !0>. M for Iwetre Muatlii. IncJudln* Ika Volaioa laalea I 
BIlWAfttt PKaMCIB, .VuUt mitU Uwiw> uatca, Bfaaju't BaiMlaEi. 
Cbaactry ioa*. B.C. 

ITINi'WAVT nnoK HDNTKR (many TO»rt' 

1^ << MTIONAL COMMItglllNH OKKlalllM* 

Inclu". '.r (amoui LitHafln, A>r -AmiUkW M 

TISHN i ■ : ii aiacAweU. 

PATIBNT (PAYING) could be TAKBN bj » 
DOCTOR M RBIOBTON. Ilnoa* tparlngt af.d aple^MI* 
illBittvd. iTcrr aoiBlan aed medical carr^ -Applf . la Krat laa^Ma^ 
ta Uui Wl, Atkaaacn Freie, It, Hrtam'i Haildii.|[<, L-hao<:«r> LMa. IC. 

MR L. CITLLKTON. 92. Piccadilly, Londoo 
rUomlier of Rntlksh asd forvif B AaUqukiifcA P nfliitl mi. ■■iil 
takM th« tornltiiinf tit l^iirmcu trutn I'arittb U«t)tMr«, TH»|jt M 
Abflti%PU from Willi. Chanrert Pra«»«.llnK«, «ad »ilk«r liMM^niM 
(orG«ii«al' ictc«l etiiiaiieofl la iUflftBd, Hcs>tUnd. bed lr«lMl4. 

Foralcv l{tMiB.rr!i»« earned oni Kaqulri«* la«ii#4. Mr CtitfMMl^ 
PrivaUi Collepdorik mr» wartii mnsalUiic fnr I'lact 

AntlqnarlAa ftnn N<?i«nLitic MkUriai •«ar«h«4 ftr abd c«>yl«4 at tt* 
brittah Mnaaam and oiber ArctiivM 

•oppllad. aa matter oa wkai •abject. AekB»«la«ta4 AM >«tM 
over a« lAa aioet npart KooVflBiJare e« Haaee aaaae waali 
BAXBK'B Oraal HCHifcihop. 14. ja, JoliB Hrl(lit MiMl, BlnnM(kaa. 


L (Tbt LKAIIKNHALL FKIWII. Ltd . l^hlUhen aB« iTtlatara, 

aci. Laadeahall Atreal. LoDdna R C i 
Cnotalae halrlete paper, orar which tlie pea alipa vlib MrfhA 
fraednni. KiBpenreearb lUr per dnaea. rulad or {Mala. Mat* I'aaMI 
Blfa. Ii. per doien. rated nr plain. 

AaLliora ahonid Dole that Tbe lioadaahall Fraea, IA4 , auiaat to 
reapnnalblo fur the loae at MitB. bj lira or MAarwiaa. Uvpllabis aaplM 
•faottld be retalnod. 

CTICKPHAST PA8TK is miles belter thRn Onm 

^^ for •tleklBC In ftrrupe Jot nine fapen Ac aw . iiL. aed !• wnb 
ttrtiDf , aaeful hruebinoia Ion Head two •ta.mpa ta eoeer i 
tor a aample HMUe, laaiadlair Hraat Ka-torj. ftafar loaf 
Laadantaali MraeC, RC. Otall Buuoiien. Htlcaphaat Paala atttAa. 


Poanded IKJU. 
Fandt rteeed »00aL 
OBca : Mtmorlal Hall Hulldlnia. I«, r>nlBt«OB ■«••«, LoaBOA. RA 
I'AtroB : 
1h« RIftit U*n. Ua KARL of RoeRBRRT, R.B. 
ne Rlfbt Hos tb« LORD OLWIBK. 
T«« LONOOM and WBATMlNfiTBR BAXK, ljali«ik 
«T. Btnad, W.C. ^^ 

Traeieaa i BiOfllelo KambeT* of OomailMMi i 


Rlr H>JRA>re iiaUOKf) NARBUALL, MA. / F O U 

ALFllKU UBNUK UANUB, Bmi. (Cbalnaan of OaoiBlltaa^ 

CIlAKLfcfi AWDRI, ■•«., M.A. 

OH/RCrfl -Thla Inatltutlno waa cataWlehaB la MM la Ika a» if 

Loadoa, aader the I'reaideBry of the lata AMaraaa Itafw. (• 

crantivff l*(!nalea§ and Tt'nipArarj Aaeletaaoa to prlflelpBli BAi 

BMlatanta enitafed at vendnn of aawapapere 

A llnoaUon o( lea fjalaeaa oonatuuiea a ri«»-rrt-4l<lrnl aod fftYas 
Ihre* Tol4a inr life at atl election* Keen IHtaauon tir l^Tee Oaiaaaa 
(laee a vote at all elerilnna fur Ulo. Bvery Annc&l tu^vrnli^ la 
pntiUad to one tote at ali eieetloaa la rtapect of aael) tl>e aAUllaaaaa 

MBMRRRKHir. — Brary aiaa and wnmaa Ihroniboai Ifca fanai 
Kincdfim. Whether pabllikar, wholraalar, rrtaile*, aokployev, ad 
eitipteicd. u rniltled to tiecoma a ntenil^er af thi* laetitaUaa. bbB 
(.rij.i? (la benrflift upon payment of Five Hnliiinaa aanaally or 
(lulnraa l<ir Lilr, protlded that be or ahe le eecaaa* la U 

1 ht prinelnal featoree of Ihe Knlaa t«TeT«la«alac*ian in all 
are. that eica raadidale aAall barn beea ilia maaitaar of the laeaitaanA 
for not laea Uiaa taa yaara pre«e4lBB appllaauaa ; (fi mvi laaa IBaA 
BItT tn year* ol a«* ; {S) aa(a(*d la tbe aola af avwa|«pata tot aa 
laaetiea yean 

KBLIRP.— Temporary relief la itna la caaa* of Btitraaa. •«• aal^ 

Lii v..nbh*ri nl the laatltatjoa. kat ta newB«fn>ir>n r.r ih«ir esf-e^iB 

: •.^loiaaaandad for aaaiataaca ''^ ' (ba tvaliia- 

r la laaA* la •■«k eaaaa by -litdw^ aaA 

. i 1*4 IB aaawBaaaa w lU <B* n. uiiaBU rf 

„cr, .>.. W. WLU>... .^..i... I iiitow. 

aata at 

IV* 8. V. Jan. 13. 1906.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


CONTENTS.-No. 107. 

BOTBS!-" Brown BeH" m irp''«<1 t'' » Mmkrl, 21 — M«({- 

cUleii Ciillpge School, 23 —An Unknown Flectwo'iil Polt- 

vrve. »<— •• Pfopi«iou«" — " ATii«r<|il«Hmn." yt — Alhwt 

Dii'rr « Num* — Ben Joiuon's ' Cnilerwi-odn ' — The 

Juvcnili- Tliefctrr, 2.>-Aje«h*: in rroniinclBtlon, 3fl. 

OOBIUKS: -"PIghlle": "Plklf." 3»-'R liqnlip Witt- 

l.iuiiii.v '-CIh**!';"! CJllolIlt^lll^ -"(Juani nihil nd Kcuiutn, 

1 1 PUU - "DM."- Mr.. 

1 \ . K«rl tif Suutlinititil^ti, 87 

• "rrttor-TlicKingof Buth— 

J I T'l Crufuartiv'* la.ue -C'ol^t iin I'l-npe 

,. I'.vIntinK, L. \-2^ -Pu*l-m'>T\.vn\ Kxaiul- 

, .. C«rvlDj(i — Ilri<lt?wfll : lu Hi«t<>ry — 

(..*i;lu,iii-ii;tiutch-J(>hn».iri'* ' VnnllyoOliimiiii Withe*' 

[_S*lll.ig Oiir««ll to the Dcvll-" Br^:U^^" ai'. 

JPLIB3 : -Lord U«y<ir'* D*y, S'l-Sdrrniel Whitcburcb, 

ppi-M-t-Den Jon*"" unit Bucon— Splitting FielJ* of Ice— 

Tii»«e. arr the Brlions" — Prltoner •ucl(>e-l hy hli 

[D»oHht«f— Bujhun Alil*v, :il-Mrt. TitilnTtK-rt- TolfV'* 

Lp„g _ Ainsiy — AtTerv Flintwlnch In 'Little Dorrlt — 

\»' Wm ynn i " »"'! "Vou wiw"— Knlum* hy C. J. F.ix — 

1 •• P«9.i(vc H«;»ifter," .T/-" Fmntnii" Chelten, .T-'l — Bomney 

J I».jrtTi»lt — Hrmldlc — BflU, ^i - "S|«iiit>uk "-Chiiliinrr : 

[■the K'Ttuniite Bf>v - Kulh.-iin BridKe-lhe B^mr's llmil— 

Bfven S icriiment Fonts, A'l -Dogs in W«r— MoHnn Chilh : 

fjlellon Jiv-kct -Final "e" In Chaucjr, .'H-Melohhr fjuy- 

dle>i.-n«- Punch, the Bevmge— Oe'irn" III.'» Dftughl«r« 

_•• piiotii|;ra(ihy "— John Pvnhnlloir. 3i. 

fioTBS 03f BOOKS :-' India'— Bak(.-'»' Lyrical Poems'— 

Worrliwotlh u Lllcrary Critic— Die«a on the Feellni; for 

Kfttnr*— ' The Kutlnctlon of the Aiirlcnt Hierarchy'— 

• «»«:ar Wild* '— U.M'i Peerage-'Tbe Clergy DirccUiry '— 

• j.'ry'« fliildi- to the London Charities '- Sir Harry Pnland 

'a'* Hhyming Deapatcb ' — ' NeiKhbourt ol 

. f. Henry Gei-ald Uop«. 
:.■ UoirnpoiMtenla. 


Is 1835 a query appeared in ' N. i Q.' 
<1" S. xi. 284) HA to tliP origiii of lliia torni. 
A reply was given to the effect tliat " Bess" 
wa? really tlie Dutch word Aim, whicli signifies 
barrel, an<l is foun<J in the sixteenth century 
•' liarqtiebus,*' a hand Kun that took the 
rtlace of tho long bow. No one can find any 
fault with the above derivation ; but no 
satinfactory explanation has yet l^eea given 
tk9 to the word "Brown" when it precedes 
*' Boss." The present writer, after a f/ioim 
*tn<l>f, is strongly of opinion that the early 
British uiuiiket was not called " Brown Hess" 
becaute the barrel was of a brown colour 
(2"^ S. V. 250), but for the simple reason that 
<jueoii El>z3.1)etirs cunfounder, during tlio 
la%t twelve years uf lier reisn, was a certain 
Thomas Brown. This gentleman, who was 
evidently an artificer of no mean order, was 
|«o punfounder to the East India Company, 
id did & larjC^e export business with Holland 
^n hi'* own accouut. 

Curiously enough, the fin»t ^mention of 
BruwD tlio Runfounder in tho State Papers 

appears in a letter from James YI. to tlie 
EtiRli'th Council of State, dated from Stirling, 
22 August, 1599, relative to "certain shipa 
laden with muskets, ic, which Mr. Brown 
WAS bringing from Flanders to Scotland " 
(' Cal. S. P. D., Scottish Series'). When King 
James ascended the English throne ho 
appointed Brown his gunfounder. The follow- 
ing letter from Brown's son John to Solicitor- 
General Heath supplies the approximate 
date of the elder Brown's appointment as 
gunfounder to Queen Elizabeth : — 

" December — , 1021. My Fiillier hu for the liist 
thirty years c&<tt ordnance fur the late Queen niiJ 
the King, and for years maintained the trade alone. 
At the request of the ordnance oHicers and the K«jit 
Iiiiiia C'oni<|>any, I was jiut to the trade that I itiiglit 
continue it if my father failed, which I Imve done, 
and produced lately two such iiieces as I challenKO 
others to cl'fi the hke. If I may still cn*t for 
merchants, if the Kinij wants '2lX) jiiec-ea I will cast 
them in '20(1 days. Mr. Crow has got a patent for 
' making of ordnntice to merchants ; ihi^ would cou- 
I fine me to the Kind's service, which only takes ten 
days a year." — 'SP.D., Addenda, James I.' 

The aforesaid Jolin Brown had been ap- 
pointed " Ma.ster Founder of the Iron 
Ordnance" in 1G20 ; and liis letter justquoted 
was in consequence of Sackville Crow, a pro- 
tege of the Duke of Buckingham, having 
obtained tho patent to which Brown takes 
exception. Tho Browns had their foundry at 
Breticbley. Kent, and employed '200 mea. 
Milliall Wharf, being close lo Brenchley, 
afforded facilities for export trade. Under 
date of VJ February, 1019, the elder Brown 
stated that "half of tho ordnance manu- 
factured by him had been bought and ex- 

I ported by the Dutch under licence " ('Cal. 

|S.P.D.,' IClti). In the sixteenth and seven- 
teenth centuries tho manufacturers of musketg 
were not specially named in tho Ordnance 
Lists, though a gunstock maker and a gun- 
smith appear in an Ordnance List of ITj-IB 
(Col. Cleaveland'a 'Notes on the Early His- 
tory of the Royal Artillery '). It must, there- 
fore, be taken for granted that the gun- 
founders to Queen Elizabeth and KingJaraea 
cast musket-barrels as well as large ordnance. 
The writer recently received the following 
information fi'Otn Viscount Dillon, the 
Curator of the Armouries in tho Tower of 
London : — 

"As to the EliEAbelhan muskets, we have a 
musket and n calivcr of about bWl. 'i'hey came 
from I'enshurst, where there are Beveraf more. 
Those in the Tower have no names on them. The 
caliver has an indistinct stamp somewliat like a 
bird; the mu»ket ha« a crown atumi)«d on the 

It is reasonable to suppose that the (Juoen'd 
gunfounder stamped his inusket-bavceU'^MxvSx 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [io*».v.Jak.i3,i9(a 

the "oiown." and that whencomplete<l these 
rausketa were served oat to the Queen's 
soldiers both in England and Holland. May 
we not conclade that a musket of an 
improved pattern came into use towards 
the end of Queen Elizabeth's reiKn, and 
that it was known to the British troops 
then in the service of the Dutch Republic 
as a " Brown bus," which term degenerate<J 
into "Brown Bess"? 

Chables Dalton. 
32, WMt Cromwell Road, S.W. 



(See W 8. iv. 21. 101, 182, 244, 364.) 

WuKN the Parliamentary Commiaaion for 
visitinK the University actually began work, 
Magdalen wa-s tlie first college to be visited. 
On 5 May, 1648, answers being invited from 
various members of the College to the ques- 
tion, "Do you submit lo the authority of 
Parliament in this visitation 1" twenty-eight 
replies were received, but only one submis- 
sion. One chorister, John Drake, produced 
a long and elalx>rate reply, refusing to 
submit, " if the word Submitt signifie that 
the 2 Houses of Parliament, without and 
against his most excellent Maje^itie, have a 
lawfull power tovisite this Universilie, either 
by themselves or others." This, like the pro- 
fessed incapacity of the commoners to answer 
so weiglity a question in any way, was pro- 
bably intendea to annoy. On 17 May Hugh 
Phillips, "chorister and but a sciioolelx>y 14 
yeare old,'' says: "I confesse that I am not 
sclioller sufficient to give an Answere to 
this Question propounded." Thomas Horno, 
chorister, acknowledges "the Visitation, as 
it comet li from the Kingo and Parliament, 
otherwi.'so I cannot conscionably submitt to 
it." Ilumfrey Simpson, chorister, replica : 
"Your Question is too obscure for me to 
answere, but howsoever I cannot submitt to 
the Visitation." These four, with the pos- 
sible exception of Phillips, were eventually 
expelled. In the sequel at least two-thirds 
of the Demies and most of the choristers were 
deprived. The grammar master, William 
Wnite, was deprived, and his place supplied 
by the usher, Thomas Houghton, or Haw ton, 
who submitted {v. * Register of Visitors of 
University of Oxford, 1647-68/ ed. Prof. M. 

In July, 1C49, a large sum of money (oro- 
bably worth nearly l,600i.) was discovered in 
a chest in the muniment-room. This was the 
reserve fund provided by the founder for use 
in emergencies, and mentioned in hisatatutea. 

The coins were for the most part "old 
Edwards" or "spur-royals" and "angels," 
and were now divided among tht> niemberi 
of the foundation, even the choristerN and 
servants obtaining a share. E<iward IV. 
first struck the rose noble, or ryal, in 14ti5, 
the reverse bearing in the centre his badge* 
of the rose on sun. In later time* 
these coins, and their successors, wer« 
calleil "spur-ryals." from the resemblance 
of the pointed form of the son's rays to the 
star-like spur of the period. Ultimately, 
after the Restoration, a large part of the sum 
abstracted was made good and replaoed in 
the chest. At the same time the old order of 
things was in some fashion restored, eight 
Demies being replaced, all of whom retired 
the next year. 

William Reeks, a member of the School 
recommended by Lord Chancellor Clarendon, 

l^came Fellow in 1671, and died four 


later. He left a detailed allegorical explaua 
tion of the curious figures which adorn the 
buttresses on three sides of the cloister. 
These figures, set up in ir>08-9, were painted 
upon the occasion of the royal visit when 
James I. pronounced Magdalen to bo "the 
most absolute building in Oxford." In lOTi 
William Harris of M.C.S. was recommendeil 
by the King for a Demyship (liloxam, iii, 
204 ; Wilson, G3n, 165, 170. 177). A chorister 
of 1G62, Thomas Collins of Bristol, wah after- 
wards Vice-Principal of Gloucester Hall (now 
Worcester College), and from 1673 until his 
death, fifty years later. Master of M.C.S. 
He was a friend of Anthony Woud, whose 
body ho assisted in bearing to the grave in 
Merton Chapel, and also of Thomas Heante. 
The latter declares him to have been 
"a good Preacher, a good Scholar, and 
a roost facetious comiuinion " ; and says 
under date 16 Sept., 170C, "The best thing Z 
ever heard of Bishop Hough [the Prenident 
elected by James II.] was his bestowiD^ a 
Prebend of Lichfii?l<l uijon Mr. Collins, 
Schoolmaster of Magdalen." Again, uu 
21 April, 1719, Uearne called "upon Mr. 
Collins of Magd. Coll. to-day between two 
and three. He was reading Pope's Homer, 
which he mightily admires. He usetli a little 
hour-glasi?, which he says he brought with 
him when he first came to Oxford." Hi» 
portrait by an unknown artist is at AI.CS. 
A pupil of his, one Thomas Goodwyn, Demy 
in 1675, and expelled by James Il.'a CoU' 
missioners, died Archdeacon of Derby and 
"a very gfuwl scholar." Another of vereB 
years later, Richard Watkins, exp'""' - :■ *""- 
same occasion, became, in calmer 
Preudent of the Collega Auoii.^i, i 

io*h.v.Jas.i3,i906} N0TE8 AND QUERIES. 

taoey, chorister 1676-83, is noticed by Hearne 
i» a gOKxl preacher in hia prime. 

During the f&inoua contest with James II. 
ia 1687-8 twenty-five Fellowu and eighteen 
Demies were expelled, professed Romanists 
taking their places. John HourIi, eventually 
Biskop of Worcester, was superseded as 
JPresioent by Samuel Parker, Bishop of 
Oxford, and after the latter's death, for a 
few months, by Bonaventure Gifford, titular 
Bishop of Madaara. Thomas Collins, the 
Master, who became chaplain to Bishop 
Parker, unsucce,ssfully applied for a mandate 
for a Fellowsliip and for the deRreo of D.D. 
(Bloxam's ' Magdalen Colle^;e and James II.,' 
83, 93). Wood, under date 10 Jan., 1688, 

" Mr. CoUins return'd from London after he had 
b«en there some time toKaiiieafellowBhip of Magd. 
Coll. ami not tunie Roman Catholic. In hisalweuce 
Mr. (Richurd) Wrinht, his usher (1683-9), left his 
place and carriml away most (of) his scholars to 
teach ihnm privatly in the (treat atone-hou^e against 
the Cheoquer liin. 'Tis said Mr. Collins hath lost 
bis reputation among hia friends,"—* Life,' iii. 253. 

It was said of Wood that*' he never spake 
well of any man " ; but Collins, as we have 
seen, remained hia friend unto the end. 

I'nder Gifford a further expulsion of 
Fellows took place, only three of those of 
Hough's time being left undisturbed— and 
one of them a lunatic ! Apparently ten 
choristers were ejected iu 16«7, including 
Thomas Yalden, the well-known poet, to be 
replaced by as many boys, who probably | 
assisted as acolytes at the celebration of Mass, 
according to tne Uoman use, when GifTord 
set up that form of worship in the Ck)lleKe 
chapel. These ten were in their turn removed 
by Bishop Mows at his visitation, 2.'> Oct., 
1688, when the legitimate members of the 
College were restored. But despite King 
James's ill-treatment of her, Magdalen long 
retained her affection for the exiled house of 
Stewart, and the king who iiad, meta- 
pltorically, broken his head against Wolsey's 
Tower ; and when, in 171.V General Pepper 
was .sent with his famous '' troop of horse" 
to coerce Oxford at»d arrest certain disloyal 
persons, Col. Owen, a Jacobite officer, found 
a sure refuge in the College. Pepper, on his 
arrival, beset the '" Grey nound " Inn in the 
"Gravel Walk," where Owen was lodging; 
and tho latter was warned only just in time 
to escape from his bed over a wall into the 
College. Tradition has it that he was for some 
time concealed in the turret of the " Grammar 
Hall," then the bell - turret of the School 
building. A. R. B.vyujy. 

[To be eondnved.) 

(See 9"' S. ix. 281 ; 10"' S. i. 422 ) 
Fi/KTHER search enables me to continue 
this pedigree. 

John Fleetwoofl (baptized at St. Andrew 
Undershaf t. 6 April, 1720 ?) married Barbara 
Wynne at Mercers' Hall Ciiapel, Cheapside, 
24 Feb., 1754 (marriage allegation in Bishop 
of London's Registry). He died at Lambeth, 
22 Dec, 1788, a widower and intestate; 
ftd ministration was granted to his son 
Robert, 5 Jan., 1780 (P.C.C Macham). He 
had other children, as he resided at 
Clapham before going to Lambeth, and 
the register of Clapiiam Parish Church 
records on U Jan., 1771, tho christening of 
Barbara, daughter of John and Rarbaia 
Fleetwood (born 9 Dec, 1770). This Bar- 
bara Fleetwood married at Masulipatam, 
17 ilay, 1792, Lieut.-Col. Edward iMoutagu, 
of H.E.I.C. Artillery. He was mortally 
woundeci at Seringapatam, dying 10 May, 
1799. Mrs. Montagu died 3 June, 1848. The 
Regicide has living representatives, who will 
be found in Burke's ' Peerage 'as descendants 
of the first Earl of Manchester. 

Auna Maria, who married Cot. William Gent, 
was another daughter of John Fleetwood. 
She died 24 Aug., 1801, aged forty-five, and 
was interred at Cliarlton Kings, near Chel- 
tenham, CO Gloucester. 

Robert Fleetwood, who administered hia 
father's estate, was in the Victualling Office 
for more than forty years. He died at hi.» 
residence in New Ormond Street, 17 Dec.,. 
, 1824. His eldest son, Robert, died at North- 
ampton, 23 Nov., 1810, at the age of fifteen. 
Robert Fleetwood's will, dated 7 Oct., 1817» 
was proved 23 Dec, 1824 (P.C.C. Erskina 
CG(J}. lie had a wife and children living in 
1817. but the will does not give tlieir names. 

The following notes will elucidate somo 
points in my earlier communications. 

Robert Fleetwood (9"" S. ix. 2G1), whose- 
will was proved 15 March, 1771, died at; 
Clapham, 24 Feb., 1771. 

Cleaver and Fenton Families. — Anne» 
granddaugliter of the Regicide, married' 
William Cleaver at St. Dunstan's, Stepney, 
14 Nov., 1711; their daughter Jane married 
William Fenton, and it was she who had the 
miniature of the Regicide. This settles the- 
doubtful point mentioned in 9*'' S. ix. 262 aa 
to her parentage. Three members of these 
families are buried at Hayes, co. Kent, 
according to a monument in the church with- 
the arms of Cleaver impaling Fleotwoofl, viz. 
Mrs. Anne Cleaver, died 5 May, 1737 : Wil- 
liam Fenton, buried 22 Jul}', 1753 ; and MrSi. 
Jane Fenton, died 21 May, IT82. 



[lO^B. V.Jax IMMl 

Elizabeth Fleetwood (10"' S. i. 422), tlie 
Regicide's dtiugliter, and half-sister to Anne 
Fleetwood, died intestate and unmarried. 
Administration waa granted to her brother 
Robert, 10 April, 1G77, her mother having 
first renounced ; she is doscribeil an of the 
pariali of St. Miciiael, Cornliill (I'.C.C. tiale). 
David Fleetwood <10"' S, i. 422), who in- 
iierited Milton's Cottage, had ason Valentine, 
burial at Ainersliam, Bucks, 3 June, 1081. 
His baptismal name was doubtless derived 
from the Uev. Thomas Valentine, rector of 
C'halfout St. Giles*, deprived for noncon- 
formity in 1061. 

Mrs. Honoria Cradock (10"" S. i. 422), Kister 
to the llegicido, must have been a post- 
liuroous child. Of her husband, the Uev. 
Samuel Cradock, rector of North Cad bury, 
CO. Somerset, ejected for nonconformity in 
1662, an interesting account will l)e found in 
the ' D.N.B.,' based chiefly on Calamy. He 
inherited unexpecte<lly a family estate called 
•Ge.syngs, at Wickhambrook, co. Suffolk ; he 
died at Bishop'!) Stortford, Herts, 7 Oct., 
1706, in his eighty sixth year. His widow 
■died 25 Feb., 1708. 11, at the age of eighty-one, 
and she lies with her husband at Wickham- 
brook, where tablets were erected to their 
memories. Tliey had several children, but 
the family ap|>ettrs to have died out in the 
«ioxt generation, the last survivor being 
Elizabeth Cradock. their granddaughter, who 
fuarried the Uev. Thomas Priest, pastor to a 
Dissenting congregation at Wickhambrook. 
Mrs. Priest died 27 Jan., 1763. 

George Fleetwood (10'^' S. i. 424), eldest son 
of Robert and grandMon of the Regicide, 
married I Aug , 1731, at St. James'.s, Duke's 
Place, Aldgate, Hannah, widow of Hop- 
son, of St. Botnlpb, Blshopsgate. He died 
intestate, and administration was granted to 
his widow, 13 Jan., 1732,3 (Commissary Court 
of London). 

Family of Brand or Brend (10"' S. i. 423-4). 
— In the pedigree of Smith of Hill Hall, 
Essex, given at the end of 'Tlieydon Mount : 
its Lords and Hectors,' it is stated that Sir 
William Smith (die<l December, 102C) marrie<l 
Bridget, daughter of Thomas FIeetwo<xl, of 
the Vache ; their fourth daughter, Frances 
Smith, married Sir Matthew Brende, of West 
Moulsey, Surrey, Knt., son of Xicholas Brende 
by Margaret, daughter of Sir William Plumer, 
Knt. This is interesting as showing an earlier 
connexion with the Brend family than that 
•occasioue<l by the Regicide's marriage with 
Hester Smith, sister of Judith Smith, who 
jnarried Thomas Bread, of Moulsey. 

R W. B. 

'* PKoriTious,"— In a kindly notice of my 
latest book (lO^*- S. iv. 530). I obfierve that 
the wor<l jDopidous is explained as ** cumiuE- 
near-to," from ituru, supine of Tx, to go. Iii 
Lewis and Short's dicliouary. which is very 
much behind the age as regards etyimilogies, 
we are referred to proj^f, near, aa explaiaiog 

Bub this result is by no me-nnn certain; 
and it is worth saying that the idea of con- 
necting jnoffUiui with /v/rr*. orig. ** to fly." 
is ttiucli favoured by the form of the adj, 
f>r(rfH«. And it must be remeiulwreij that 
Latin expresses the very notion of '* comiog 
near to" by propnitjutis and j>rnj,in-/Uiirt, 
which makes it unlikely that t\ >rm 

wiitild coexist. Late Latin had 

The derivation of jurmitiits from /tU/t is 
nothing very new. I quoted it in ray 
dictionary in 18S1 from Vanicek, who in 1SB7 
quoted it from Ascoli (in Kubn's Zritsehri/t, 
xvi. 211), Latin etymology is a very <iilKcult 
niatter. I know of no safer and saner guide 
than Br('al, whoso words are always worth 
ueJehing. At p. 202 of his ' Diclionnaire 
Etymologique Latin ' (1885) he saya,in «pcak* 
ing of the verb jtetrre : — 

" Le sens le plus ancicn. qni est ' .'i>4t 

ponswvi' que dsns <'!•:> j>in-r ex dans I. .>c- 

lifs pronto eb p/oyn/i«i, tp'i faisaien - U 

iungue iJcs aiigures : lea oiicanx voUiu co iivAnt 
olaient reRord^s comtiie fiivornble*. lei otatuuT 

qui Be clirigcAient vers lobi^ervalwor (iuJrtr>it 
t'olncres) paisaiont jxnir contrairoe." 

I doubt the parallelism notetl Ixjtween 
Hebrew and Latin. That the Hebrew Gofi 
would approach His worshipper is intelligible; 
but in Rome we sliould rather exjiect to find 
that the worshipper had to approach tht 
god. At any rate, it is obvious tiiat tiie 
suppose«l Gothic analogy is due to a mistake ; 
for the Teutonic f/i nictfu is explained by 
Stephens as "save," cognate with A. S. 
nenan, Icel. tupra, G. niihren. The r in nwir 
is comparative ; the positive form in ni<th, aod 
no Germanic form signifying " to eomo near* 
could contain an v. The A.-S. verb M 
nnt/tUvc'in, to draw nigh. 

Walter W. Skkat. 

" ANTKguATroNs." — This startling word, 
unregistered in the 'N.E.D,' appeanii in l(t« 
course of some observations made by Hiss 
Betham • Edwards on the old - fashtoDed 
sanitary — or rather insanitary — arrange- 
ment's of certain French hotela. "Fr«nch 
travellers," she assures us, "resent llicM 
antequations no less than numelves, but 
shrug their shoulders with the remark, * W« 
shall not come liero again ; why put our- 
selves out?' ' (' Home Life iu Fraueo,' p. 41) 


10-" s. V. jak. 13. im.) NOTES AND QUERIES, 


Miss BethamEd wards 's French J8 (after her 
long experience of France) perliap>» better 
than Iter EnglUii. St. Swithik. 

[" Antiipalion" appears iu the 'K.KD.' and 
oilier (1ictiuu»rie«.j 

Albert DcRER'a Xame. — Mr. T. Sturgo 
Moore, in liis recently publisliod "apprecia- 
tioa uf thi<j great artist in relation to general 
ideas," writes as follows : — 

"TheGenn&ii name of Durer [*iVl orThilrer, a 
door, ia i|uil«aa likely to be the translation, corr(;cl 
or olnerwiae, of some Hungarian name, as it ia ivn 
indication that the family had originally emiKrateii 
from (Jeiniany. In any case, a largpi udiiuxture by 
intermarriaKe of Slavonic [?J blood would corre- 
•(K>nd to the wiiiqiie dialinction amonK Gonnans, 
attained in the dii^nity, aweelness, and tineneas, 
which signalized Durer."— * Albert Durer' (1905), 
p. ST. 
It is well known that the artist's father 

"was born in the Kinsplom of Hiini;arv, in a little 
village named Eytas, situated not far from a little 
town called Gyula, ei^ht [Hungarian] mites beluiv 
Grosawardein : and his kindred made ibeir living 
from hones and citltle." —Ibidem, p. 5t. 

The late Kev. Louia A. Haan, formerly Pro- 
testant pastor at Rukes-Usaha, a little town 
not fur from Gyula, fully inve8tii;ate<i the 
matter, and identified the site of the old 
home of Albert Durer the elder, and pub- 
liaiie^l the results of his investigatiotis in a 
Hungarian pamphlet, which appeared in 
1878 under the title 'The Family-Name of 
Albert Durer and the Place of Origin of his 
Family.' The exact site is shown on a 
German map attacheii to the pamphlet. Tlie 
name of the little village, which was Hwept 
away during the Turkiih wars, was Ajlus, 
and is mentioned in several old deeds pub- 
' linhed by Haan (Aytos in 1456 and 1515, 
Ajtos in 1517 and 1518, and Ajthos in 1!>64). 
The ./and // are interchangeable in old Hun- 

Ajtu i<ii\iO modern Hungarian, and J'/iiir 
(not TUiiter) the German, name for door, 
atul the artist's canting arms also show an 
open door with two leaves on the triple 
motint of Hungary. 

AjtoA is an adjective, and would mean 
*' fitted with a door or doors" under ordi- 
nary circumstances, but probably meant 
something else in the name of the village. 

It is clear, therefore, that the patronymic 
of the arti-it is merely a play upon the sup- 
posed meaning of the name of his ancestors' 
Hungarian home, but I fail to Hee in what 
way it is an indication that the family had 
originally emi>!,rateil from Germany. Ac- 
cording to Ha.-in, tlie Population wa^ purely 
Magyar in the fifteenth century, and conse- 

quently withoab any Slavonic or German 
strain in it. , , ,. , , 

Nor can I understand why the way he 
[the artist] puts a little portrait of himself^ 
finely dre-ssed, into his mosit important 
pictures," should "carry our thoughts away 
to the banks of the Danube." because Ins ol(i 
ancestral homo stood on the White K6ro% 
and "the young horse breeder " would have 
to wander several days' ride from home and 
to cross the wide river Theiss on his way 
before lie reached the banks of the Danube. 

Uaan was still able to trAce the brick 
foundations of the old church and of another 
large building. At the present day Ajlos ia 
merely a/>u«/a, t'r.. a plain, bordering upon 
the vineyards of Gyula, which the artist 
spells " Jula." 

A cony of Hoan's pamphlet is in the 
British Museum, press-mark 10601. d. 7 (7). 

L. L. K. 

Ben Jonson's 'rNDER\voop.s,' XLl. — Irt 
the opening stanza of this ode 'To Himself 
the poet deprecates intellectual sloth, warmly 
assuring the person intimately concerned 
that knowledge having gone to sleep will 
speedily cease to be. He adds :— 

And this security, 

It ia the common niotii 
That cats on wits and arts, and [ ] destroys 

them both. 
A word has dropped oat before "destroy*," 
and editors have been exercised abotit the 
appropriate filling of tlie gap. " ooon 
would probably suttice ; it is in accord witli 
the drift of the poet's appeal, and it would rhythmically satisfactory. VVIialley pro- 
posed "quite," Gifford "so, and either serves 
the purpose fairly well. In Mr. Humphry 
Ward's 'English Poets,' ii. 17, Prof. A. W. Ward 
inserts "that" as his choice, and in a foot- 
note gives the explanation " ' that' conj." If 
tiiis means that the word utilized is a con- 
junction, then the editorial explanation of 
the passage becomes liislinclly puzzling. 
"That" a.1 a relative would be defensible^ 
only it is doubtful whether Jonson would 
have deliberately repeated the syntax of the 
previous clause. Thomas Baynb. 

The Juvenile TuEATRE.^With reference 
to Mn. ISaniu'ord's remarks at 10"' S. iv. 414, 
I may say that I have several times sent 
article,s to ' N. k Q.' about the toy theatre 
prints— always called the juvenile theatre by 
the publishers : and I have said that I liave 
a large collection of West's and other pub- 
lishers'. With regard to the collection in the 
Print Room at the British Museum (chiefly, 
I think, WestV), it may, as Mr. SANDFORt> 

NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo- s. v. Ja5. 

«syi», be imperfect, but it is the most com- 
plete known. I have a collection as nurnerouH, 
and I have some prints not in the Print 
Room ; bat I think the R.M. is the luure 
completa It is doubtful if a perfect set will 
ever be forthcomine. The prints were made 
to be destroyed. I believe I have the largest 
«et known of the Skelts' prints for the 
juvenile theatre, but they are not so rare: 
they total to about a thousand different 
prints. 1 do not think any of the juvenile 
prints can be relied on as being from the 
actual characters after 1640. 

I also have about a thousand of the series 
of whole-length figures known as '" Theatrical 
Portraits." From these I should think arose 
the title " one penny plain, twopence 
coloured," commonly "penny plain, tuppence 
coloured." Most of the celebrated actors 
and actre<;ses between 1811 and 1850 are 

The 40,<>X) prints Mr. Sandfohd looked 
through were, of course, mostly duplicates, 
and ciiiefly Skelt's and Green's, fur neither 
of whose prints I feel much respect, though 
there are a few that are goo<]. The subject 
is a vast one. These juvenile theatre prints 
were atone time to the public what the press 
is now, and the prints were issued by millions. 
If there was a run on a particular plate, the 
printer would be working all day and all 
night. They were ail printed by hand, and 
required a skilled workman, accustomed to 
this class of work, to get good proofs. 

I have for years intended to write an 
account of these prints, &c., comprised in 
the period between 1800 and 18o0 ; but the 
experience I have lately had of the expense 
of publishing is likely to last me a very long 
time. I am still in nopes tiiat I shall leave 
an account in manuscript. 

Ralph Tbomas 

AvKsnA : it* Pronunciation. — In the 
author's note at the commencement of Mr. 
Rider Haggard's new novel 'Ayesha' it is 
stated that " the name Ayesha should \ie pro- 
nounced Assha," 1 cannot help thinking that 
there is some misprint here. If Orientals do 
say Assha, it is only through carelessness. 
The name is really of three syllables, and tlie 
be«t way to pronounce it is Ainha, the 
vowels as in Italian, and the stress on the 
initial syllable. Perhaps this is what Mr. 
liaggard means. It will lie perceived that 
there is a hiatus between the first and second 
vowels. To avoid this, many speakers insert 
the consonant j/, and so we get the pronun- 
ciation Ayisha or Avesha. There is no reason 
whatever why Mr. Haggard's readers should 
uot pronounce the name of his fascinating 

heroine exactly as it is spelt, viz., aa a 
syllable, with antepenultimate stress. 

Jas. Plitt, Jun. 

We mast request correapondenta deairing fO' 
formation on family m&ttera of only private intertwt 
to affix tlieir names and addresaea to their aueriei, 
in order that anawera may be aent to llieni ciireot. 

" ProHTLB ■• : " PiKLE." (S«e !•« S. iii. 391 ; 
2"' S, i>c. 443, 489 ; 4^i' S. ix. 220, 2S7.)— In 
trying to trace the early use of this word for 
the ' New Eiig. Diet.' I have found, by nieans 
of the excellent subject-index to the last 
volume (iv.J of the 'Catalogue of Ancient 
Deeds in the Public Record Office,' a deed 
which may confidently be assigned to (ho 
thirteenth century, and probably to the third 
quarter of the century. It runs : — 

".Sciant preaentea et futuri quod ego Willelmua 
Pese dc .Springefelil dedi concesai el hac tjreaenti 
Carta men cnntirniaui Tiphanie (ilie Slephaui paa- 
lorin de Wodeliam. In libero MariUii;io totan> 
croftam illam que vocalur WUtai'' 1 i)ue 

.lacct aub Bosco quod ["'fj vocalur M In 

jiarochia de aprngefola [^ir] cmn aej.: itw 

ct oninibuB iwrtinentiia dicte Crofte lius 

Habendani et Teiiendam aibi et h'l »« 

prouenienlibua aut cuicumqtie dare ucl 

&ssin);narc uoluorit et (nmndo uol -ere 

quiele bene In pace honorilii;a ct li-.: .. .:. cx- 
ce])tia domibua Reii^ioiiis et liideia. Heddciido 
Inde aniuialim oa|iitalibti6 doniinis feodi srx deiia- 
rioa [at Easter an<l Miebaelinita] pro untnibua 
aeruiciia el demandis secularibitts ».-vluo K(>niicu> 
domitii regis ac-ilicet quanduacuta((itim euenerit *d 
viipnti Roiidos vnum deimriiiiii et ad jdIiu plus et 
ad minus minus. [Warranty : T<»«tininniiim. 1 His 
teslibim .Tobatitie AValram (.lilel • 'iidle 

.lohaiine WIfyeL Rocero Cobbt* lera 

Roberto C'honterel Hoberlo Cau i mJ«- 

hain et aliis." 

If any Essex antiquary is able to fix the 
date of this deed by the tiame^ of parlieii or 
witnesses. Dr. Murrav will be very glad. 
Apart from this uiulat^ quotation, the 
earliest instance supplied by contrihutor* 
to the ' Dictionary ' is one from the Fifth 
Report of the Hist. MSS. Comm., p. 55€, 
where a deed is mentione<l whereby, "in 
the 9lh year of the same reign [IvJw. II.]. A 
pightle of land is granted to Thomas lo 
Warner, tailor, in Frogmore Street^ Higli 
Wycombe." It is not even clear from thin 
summary whether the word used is in Eng- 
lish form, or iti Latin forin ' " 
jiiii/tffllum. Any other early iti^ 
word will be welcome, r- •• 'i : 
I light on the sense in ^vl 
or is used in the I'uiv.. . ■..■■.. .; 

I. V. jax. 13. 1906.1 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

«ecotid reference (9 June, 1800) is a note by 
H. N., dated from New York : — 

" Piffhilel, or piUt, \8 a word very nearly obsolete, 
and mt rarely in use that I am at a losa a» to ita 
«tyniolo(ty. Pujhtd aignitios an eoclosure Burround- 
tog a r|wellinfchoua«, and is aoinetiniea aynonymoua 
with laioi." 

Any iasULiiceof this use from an actual docu- 
ment would be very useful. 

Robert J. Whitwell. 

' Relkjdij! WorroNlAN-t.' (See llV*" S. ii. 
32<3 )— I fthould be grateful for help in anno- 
tAting the two p^-'ssages below in Sir Henry 
Wotton's letters :— 

]. " He might perad venture take cold at hiaback : 
which is a dangeroua thing in a Court, as Kuy- 
KOmer. de silva was wont to aay. that great Artisan 
of Humours." — Fourth ed., p. 437- 

"2. "I hear that one hath offered to the Prinee of 
Urange an Invontioii of dianourHinjr at a preat 
didtnnce by LiKhta : la it true ?"— Wotton to John 
Dynely at the Haeue, 12 August, 1628, ibid., p. 558. 

In letters not in the 'Reliquiaa' Wotton 
mentions : — 

3. A painter, Jacques de Gein. 

4. A musician, servant to Prince Charles, 
and by birth an Italian from I'udua. 

5. A phrase from * Don Qaixote/ a woman 
" who doth herself border upon forty years." 

y. Can any genealogist tell me whether 
there was any blood relationship between Sir 
Honry Wotton and (d) Francis Bacon, (i) Sir 
Anthony Shirley, (c) Sir Dudley CarleUm ? 
Wotton H maternal arandmotherwas a Cains- 
ford ; lie speaks or a relationship Ijetween 
Carleton and himself through theOainsfords. 

L. P. S. 

CtAssicAL Quotations,— Can any one give 
roe tho exact reference for the following 
quotations 1— 

1. >)-t'TT€«c Karixoia-a (Heliodorua). 

2. Ubi riidentea «triduiit, et ancborw rampun- 
tur. ct nialua gemit (.Seneca). 

3. Tarn otii delwt constare ratio quam negotii 

4. Premant torcular qui vendemiarunt. 
3. Ali<|Uid aapidum in ftitigo. 

6. K«t beue noa poluit dicere, dixit, erit. 

H. W. 
TUCM ! "—The motto i.s taken from tlie ' Illus- 
trations to Drayton's Polyolbion,' attributed 
to Selden. It is used by him as a quotation. 
What in its oriKinal source ] W. T, 

'"' ' placed on tlie title-page of 

tl •' 'Lyrical lUllada,' and a 

<1" . im I'Ror. K.vicHTantieared 

lO*"" 8. iv. ;iil. ,S<j«j, however, Mr liutiliinaon'a 
note in Thr A'hnuntm for 24 P*cemlM;r, 1SH8. and 
his "Centenary Edition" of the 'Lyrical liallada' 

(Duckworth). Coleridge presumably found the 
ipiolation in .Soldeh'a ' llluatrationa ' to Drayton* 
'Polyolbion.' It is probably Selden's own, as he 
generally gives references for quotations from Latin 
and Gre«k authors.] 

Sheffield Plate.— I should be glad to 
know in what works I can find most details 
of the history of Sheffield plate and its manu- 
facture. P. 51. 

" Bbl."— Will any of your readers give me 
the explanation of "bbl.," the abbreviation 
for " barrel " 1 Will. D. Howe. 

Duller College, ludianapolia. 

[8uch contraction duos not aeem easily compre- 
heuaible or defeoatble.] 

Mrs. Blackaiee. — Lady Mary Wortley 
Montagu, writing from Ratisbon under date 
of 30 Aug., 1716, s|)eaking of the inability of 
the higher classes to determine the proper 
social gradation, says : — 

"The foundation of these evorlaating diaputea 
turns entirely uhon the rank, place, and title of 
Excellency, which they all jtrolend to, and, what is 
very hard, will give it to nobody. For my part, I 
could not forbear advising them (for the publick 
good! to give tho title of Excellency to everybody, 
which would include the receiving it from every- 
body ; but the very mention of such a dishonour- 
able peace was received with aa much indignation 
aa Mrs. Blackaire did the motion of a reference.' 

Will some one please explain the allusion to 
Mrs. Blackaire] D. M. 


[There i* obviously a misprint. The allusion is 
lo Widow Blackacra, in Wycherlev's 'Plain Dealer,' 
Act III. ac. i.] 

Thomas Wriothe-slev, Earl ok Sorxn- 
AMiTON.— In the biography of this Lord 
Chancellor (d, 1550J in tlie 'D.XB,' Lxiii , 
there is an error about his daujihter Anne, 
which has not, I think, yet been pointed out. 
It is stated at p. 152 that she " was intended 
by her fatlier to be the third wife of Sir John 
Wallop (7 »'.). Wallop, however, died before 
the marriage took place, and Anne seems to 
have died unmarried.'' 

Whether or not she die<l unraarried, it is 
clear that her fatlier, the earl, did not intend 
her to be third wife to Sir John Wallop 
('D.N'.B.'Hx. 15S), who died in July, 1561, 
because — 

1. Sir John Wallop's second wife. Elizabeth, 
daughter of Sir Clement Harleston, was 
certainly alive when the earl made his will 
and died, and she is said to have survived 
her husband. See ' Collins's Peerage ' 
(Brydges), iv. 302. 

2. In the earl's will, dated 21 Jal\\ 1550, 
his daughter Anno's intended husband is 
styled "Mr. Wallop"; and "Sir John Wallop, 


NOTES AKD QUERIES. no* s. v. jak. 13, iM«. 

KnighU*' And "iBj L&dje Wallop" Kr 
neatiooed. Tlie will is printeil io tlw 
•TrBTeljan Papers' (Cundeo Scx^, 1S5#), 
PPl 906 << W9- 

Who wu thia " Mr. Wallop* t »od did the 
iDteDded marnaite Call throogh f U. C 

Mjl BBOwxunr, Jovutaustic O&atok. — 
In 3^ S. iiL 08 U»ere vm gireik, in a note by 
Frrzaorciss. ibeo a regalar cootribator to 
*N. <kQ.,' ao extract from a vork entitled 
* Jo«eph Jenkins ; or. Leaves from the Life 
of a Literary Man,' 3 vols., Lnodon. 1843, 
which, for a special reason, I should like to 
recall now. The fint foar chapters of this 
work were devoted to " Ttie Eccentric 
Society," established in ISOl ; and the par- 
ticular extract ran : — 

•■ frith the Sheridaiw were also "Eccentrics'; 
•od few of the members, since the est«.ti|uhment, 
kave Bnt«red with ao mnch cpirit into its )>roce«t1- 

inga »■ did Richird Brinsley Sheridan The 

■peaking, which osed to be he«rd at their meetinKS 
when 'The Eccentric*,' Iwenty-tive or thirty 
yean a(;o were in the zenith of theirglory, is repre- 
aenled by those who were members at that period 
.....UM baTiDR snrpaaaed io elotjucoce. bril- 
liancy, and effect, anything they ever else- 
where heard. Among the eloquent Kocentrics of 
the |>eriod referred to. there was a Mr. Brownley, 
a rejMJrter on TTi: Tiin'.i {taper, whose happieet 
oratorical efforts are said to have beeu almost stiper- 
haman. There must certainly have lieen something 
very extraordinary in them when Sheridan was 
freuuenlly heard to say : * 1 have heani a Kr«at 
deal uf excellent public speaking in my time, bat I 
never heard anylhing at all approaching to that 
of Mr. Brownley.' '—Vol. ii. pp. 5-7. 

My special object in recalling this is to 
repeat tne question pat by from 
the Garrick Clab in 186.3, which has not yet 
been answered : " Is any .specimen of Mr. 
Brownley 's 'almost su|jerhuman' oratory 
preserved t " JournaliMlic orators are not so 
many that this marvellous one among them 
ahoald be quite forgotten. 

ALfBED F. RtinuiN.S. 

Tmb Krx« OF Bath— Can anv of your 
readers supply a complete list of the Masters 
of Ceremonies for both the Upper and the 
Lower lloom at the Bath assemblies durtug ' 
the eighteenth century t After the retire- I 
ment of Capt. Webster in 1704 came the long ' 
reign of Beau Nash, who appears to have 
been 8accee<led(1758-69jby the almost equally 
celebrate'l Samuel Derrick. In The JA.»«/«./ 
Foit of 29 Oct., 1777, we read that Major 
George Brereton has been elecle«l Master of 
Ceremonies at Bath. Ue was the brother of 
the actor, and a famous duellist, A Mr. 
Dawson seems to have occupied the position 
in 1785 ; and during November of the same 
according to Warner's ' History,' 

Richard Traoo bobls the nffioe. The same 
•afchority nforaa us that James King was 
ICaatcr of Orreaiooifes in IT'^T ("Mious to 
tboM later date* a Capt. Wa e fKist^ 

IVmiblj tbn is %hf r-orv .r ,yed a 

maibr poofeion a whow 

daaghter huflan nm re with 

a dastardly tailor nanmi Motbenitil. It is 
said that tiie aotoricMn CapU Jolin Donellan, 
Master of the I^uiUmoo in 1772, who was 
hangeil for tlie marder of his brother-in-law 
at Warwick on 2 April. 1781, was a candidate 
tor tl>e office. In lech's * Misloric liousesof 
Bath ' several names are given, but there is no 

C«MDplete li^U H<VR.\i E BLEAt.-KLEY. 

Fox Oak. Walua-oo-Thaoiea, 

Records WastK). — I shall be glad of 
precise information as to the whereabouts of 
the following records, which I am Qnable to 
find in the Record Office, the British Museum, 
or St Paul's Cathedral. 

1. "The Proceedings of the Comroisstonera 
for ejecting Scandalous, Ignorant, and In- 
saSicient Ministers and Schoolmasters a-ith- 
in the City of London," temp. Common- 

2. The certificates of church goods fur- 
nished to the Commissioners by the church* 
wardens of the City churches after the Great 

3. The reconls of the swearing in of the 
London churchwardens from the d»y* of 
E<lward VI. onwards. 

With reference to my first query, I may 
remark that I am aware of the fact that the 
Pnxeediugs of the Committee for Plundered 
Ministers, which bear upon the subject, con- 
stitute Add. MSS. 1.3,6C9-71 in Brit. Mas. 

W. McM. 

Lord Crojcartib's Isscb.— Wntinc; t<5 the 
Duke of Newcastle's secretary, '■' r, 

1746. Sir Jolm Gordon, Bart, of Ii n, 

speaks of bis nephew Lord Mac' li- 

coining trial :" God know«< how [ ik 

it to Ins poor mother, v i a 

very few weeks of her tii '^ 

234>. What child was tins ! it ujust have 
been one of the thirtl Lord Croniartie's seven 
daughters, bat which? J. M. BuLLOCn. 

US. Pall Mall. S.W. 

CoLBT ox Pkack a no War. — Colet 
thundered from the pulpit uf St. Paal'ii in 
l."il2 that "an unjust peace is liettor tlian 
the justest war " (Green's ' Uistory of the 
English People,' chapter 'The New Learn- 
ing '). It is markeil a>» a quotation ; whence 
does it come? I rftneml^er « ' •'"• •■•■--">»; 
"Pajwim vel iniquis simam Io 

antefero." JoHS I'k . ..... 

10- s. V. Jan. 13. 1906 J NOTES AND QUERIES. 


Oil Paimting, c. 1626— 1 h»ve in my 
possession an oil picture of some person 
pftinted after death — preaumably on the 
deathbed. Tlie |>aintiiiK i^ on a panel, anci 
shows tJie hea«l and nlioulderij oidy. The fact 
of a cruciHx being placed on tlie body and 
a lighten] candle at the bedside leadx mo to 
think the person must ha%'e been a Roman 
Catholic. The painting l>ear8 the words, 
•* Obit Anno lf;2(i. 12 June." 

I should be glad if I could learn if any 
person of note (Englisli or oliierwise) died 
on this date. N. S. IUcharpsos. 

49, AUeoburK Gardens. CUpliam. S.W. 

POST-MOUTEM ExAMlNATloxs.— May I ask 
for your assistance iii the matter of finding 
the earliest in!<tanco of medical evidence 
being taken by a coroner after a post-raortem 
examination of tlie l)ody of the deceased ? 
Stanley B. Atkinsok. 

10, Adelphi Terrace, W.C, 

M18ERERE Carvings. — Does any archieo- 
logical journal giveafull account of the miseri. 
cord* in (1) Xew (;(>llege Chanel, Oxon, (2) 
Holy Trinity Church, Stratforflon-Avon 1 I 
have Miss Emma Phipsona ' Choir Stalls and 
their Carvings ' (18yfl) and the Pie v. J. 
Harvey liloom't 'Shakespeare's Church* 
(1002). A. R. Baylev. 

tjt. Margaret'*. Malvern. 

Bridrwell: it.s History. — InJoluiBowyer 
Nichols's catalogue of the Hoare Library there 
appears "' Hintory of llriilewell Hospital,' by 
Thomas Bowen, AUt. London, ITtW." Does 
audi a work exii»l} I have a copy of Bowen'."} 
* Extracts from tlte Records and Court Books 
of Bridewtrli Hospital ; together with other 
Hittturical Information rospocting the Objectt) 
of tJio Charter.' itc, I7f>S. which was pub- 
liaiied in reply to William Waddinglon's 
addrens to the Oovernorn, ito. Bowen was 
also the author of oilier pamphlets more or 
less relating to Bridewell and its prisoners, 
bnt I cannot trace any 'History' from his 
pen. Neither Mr. Copeland. 'Bridewell 
lloyal Hospital,' 18ft8, nor Timbs's 'Walks 
and Talkn al>out London.' p. 31, refers to 
liowen'8 coutributioas on the subject. 

Aleck Abrahams. 

X), HiUruartoD Road, N. 

[Thonias Bowea pnlilialied in 4to, 1783, an 
'Account of (ho Origin. FmirreM, and Freaent 
State of Detlilehetu Hospital.' Uaa some confuaion 
aria«n *\ 

NBWciiAi'KLCupRcu.— The village of New 
chapel, StafTordshire, was known as Thursfield 
prior to the church (a chapel of ease to 
Wolstanlon) being erected. Can any one 

supply me with the date of the erection of 
the first church, and tell me where I can find 
an illustration of the second, Bf>art from that 
which apf)ear3 in Smiles 's ' Lives of the 
Engineers'? It may have been under the 
name of ThursBeld Church. 

Chas. F. Forsiiaw, LL.D. 
Bdllimore House. Bradford. 

.ToiiNaoN'a 'Vanity of Human Wishes' 
— The opening couplet of this poem is well 
known : — 

I^t observation, willi extensive view. 
Survey mankind from Cliina to Peru. 

Almost equally well known is the paraphrase: 
" Let observation, with extensive observa- 
tion, observe mankind extensively." But 
the authorship of the paraphrase is not 
certain. Dr. Birkbeck Hill (' Boswell,' i. 194), 
says that Uo t^uiiicey ( ' Works,' Edinburgh, 
1862, X. 72) qmiies it from "some writer." Caroline Spurgeon ('The Works of Dr. 
Johnson,' 1898) attributes it to Goldsmith, in 
the form : — 

Let observation with observant view, 
Obs«rve mankind from Cliiua to Peru. 

Locker- Lanmson, in his recollections of a 
Swiss tour with Tennyson in June, 18G9 (see 
the * Memoir ' of Teiiriynon, by iiis son, ii. 73), 
says : — 

"Tennyson admired Samuel Johnson's grave 
earnestness, and said that certain nf his couplets, 
for these qualities and for ' their high moral tone,' 
were not aurjiaasied in Knglish aalire. However, 
ho venlurcil lo make merry over [llie tirst conplel]. 
' Why did he not sav, " Let oljservation. with ex- 
tended oljeecvation, observe extensively"!'" 

Here the reader is let! to suppose that 
Tennyson was the originator 01 the mot. 
It would be interesting to assign it to ita 
right owner. Byron ('Diary,' 9 Jan , 1821) 

J notes " dm versation " Sharp's remark that 
ohnsou's first line was sunertluous. 

L R. M. Straciian. 
Heidelberg, Germany. 

Selling Osicselk to the Devil— What 
actually did this phrase signify to our fore- 
fathers ? Mkdiculus. 

"Brelan."— Lady vol. ii. p. 105 of 
her West Indian journal, says, "Try to learn 
to play at hnlan." Can any readier say 
whether " brelan " was a game of cards ? 

H. M. C. 

[Beanjean'ft abridsnient of Littre (Hachelte. 1S73) 
says, *.»'. 'Urelan': "Jen qui se joiie aveo troia 
cartel doniiees k troit 011 qualre ou cinq joueiirs. 
Awir br*Jait, avoir trois cartes de memo hguro ou 
de miiM poin^"] 

NOTES AND QUERIES, lio'* s. v. jam. la. itniL 

ClO'" S. iv. 448.) 

Uow Lord Mayor's Day came to be changed 
from 29 October to 9 November has been 
dhcuHsed on more than one occa>»ion in 
' N. «fe Q. ' ; but the facta do not appear to 
liave been at any time completely stated. 
Tiie question is somewhat involved, and 
depeu'ls on three Acts of Parliament : the 
Calendar (New Style) Act, 1750(24 Geo. II. 
c. 5!3) ; the Micliaeliuas Terra Act, 1750 
(24 Oeorjie IF. c 48) ; and the Calendar Act, 
1751 (25 Geo. II. c. 30). These are the titles 
given bjjT the Short Titles Act, 1896, but it 
ahonld be noted that the Acts were in fact 
paflsed a year later than the titles indicate. 
Apparently the draftsmati aaved liimself 
trouble bj' attributing every Act to the 
calendar year in which the regnal year 
commenced. The result is especially 
ludicrous in the case of tiie last-mentioned 
Act, which it«elf refers to the year 1702 in no 
fewer tiian four places as " this present year," 
or "this year." 

By the first of these Act^ the famous 
•'eleven days" were dropped, and 3 Sep- 
tember, 1752, became 14 September ; but this 
would not of itself have shifted Lord Mayor's 
Day, since it was enacted that 

"all meetiiiKi and aNsetiililiea of any bodies |Kililic 
or cor|ior«le, either for the tileclioii of any officers 
or metnliern thereof, or for any such otfiuers enter- 
ing upon tlie execution of their rB8]icctive offices, 

or for any otiier |»tiri»ose whAt83ever, which 

are to bo holden iind kept ou any tixeJ or certain 
day of aity month," 

shall continue to be held on tlie same nominal 
days as at the passing of the Act. 

The change to 9 November was, however, 
made by the second statute mentioned, 
passed shortly after the lir.'^t. It was deenjed 
expedient to keep Michaelmas Terra approxi- 
mately to the same period of the year, not- 
withstanding the change of style, and it was 
therefore enacted that it should henceforth 
begin on 3 November. But this would have 
made Ix»rd Mayor's Day out of terra, so tliat 
again was shifted to 9 November. 

This account is substantially the same as 
the explanation given by Nemo at "'*' S. iv. 
49, as noted by Mr. Lynn at 9"" S. v. 344 ; but 
no reference, I believe, has hitherto been 
made to iho ceremony at the Guildhall on 
the day previous to Ixird Mayor's Day. wliich 
has also l>een the subject of statutory enact- 
ment. The Lord Mayor was not only " pre- 
sented and sworn" at WeatmiuHler ou 

29 October, bat also "admitted an*' 
at the Guildhall on 28 October* 
was overlooked in framing the M 
Term Act : and obviously great inco' 
might have been caused by the in 
twelve days which must haveela|>«ed between 
the two ceremonies if the Legislature had 
not intervened. In 1752, therefore, was pawed 
the third of the al>ove- mentioned Act«, to 
remedy tliis and other defects in the two 
previous statutes. That Act recites the fact 
of the proceedings on 28 and 29 October, the 
provision above quoted as to meetings of 
lx)dies corporate,^ and the enactment that 
the Lord Mayor is to bo " presented and 
sworn " on 9 November ; and enacts that lie 
shall be '' admitted and sworn " on 8 Novem- 
ber. Thus the two ceremonies necessary to 
the Lord Mayor's assumption of otlice (but 
not the date of his election) were moved 
forward by eleven days, though tliis cannot 
be said to have been the result, except 
directly* of the change of style. 

F. W. Read 

An interesting note in Mr. Wheatley's 
monumental edition of Pepys's ' Diary ' fully 
explains the change in this date. The 
diarist had recorded on 29 October, 1660, "I 
up early it being my Lord Mayor's Day," 
ami the following is the note : — 

" The change of Lnril Mayor's Day from tha 
29lh of October to the 9th of November was not 
nia<le by the Act for reforniini; the calendar 
(24 Geo. II. c. '2:i), but by another Act of the same 
Bcasiun (c. 48), entitled * An Act for the Abbrvvia- 
tion of Micliaelnias Term.' by which it waa eitaetcd« 
* that from and after the sair] feMt of Hu Michael, 
which shall be in Iho year 17."'2, the said eolemnity 
of nresenting and swuarin^ the mayor of the city 
of I.,oDdon, after every annual election to the said 
ottice, in the manner and form heretofore used 
on the 'i9th Hay of October, shall be kept and 
observed on the ninth day of NovemWr in every 
year, unless the same shall f<(ll on a Sunday, and 
ni that case on tlicdny following.'" — H. B. wheal- 
ley's ' Pepys,' i. 251 n. 

It is of interest to add that, owing to 
this change, all English mayors are affected, 
though such was not contemplate^], for they 
are now chosen, under the Municipal Cor- 

" Probably sonic confusion Mi'" ri> 

deeding ia reapoosible for the at • i^'. 

448) that the Lord Mayor waa jt :._.: 
'2i October. The day of election i 
2!> Seiilemljer. 

■f Ihis recital i " ' ' ' "' ' ..-.x 

is miatRkvn in t ,'d 

Mnyor's l)iy r«<|ii: ^ugn 

it was because it " iNtrtook of the nature of m sacred 
ffAlival in its daliiiK " (see i)"* .S. v. 'Mi). That 
'."■''' " ' "the morrow of the Feaat ol 

■ " doei not make it any the 
1. - I ■■ ■. ■. . -' uiiday." 

— . on 
and ia 


i»^ 8. V. Jav. 13. 1906] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


prtrations Act, on Novomber ; but the City 
of London alone continue? to choose ita chief 
magistrate on the original day. 29 September, 
and presents him on 9 November. 

Alkrkd F. RoBBlNS. 

Samitel Whitchubch, I'OET (10"' S. iv. 
42», 51(3). — With reference to Principal 
Salmon's inquiry about Samuel Whitchurch, 
I may say that he was my huHband's grand- 
father on the mother's sicle, and I poatiess a 
small %'olume of his poeras, called • His- 

Eaniola, and other Poetical Pieces,' printeti 
y Meyler, Bath, 1804. He also wrote 'The 
Battle of the Dogger Bank,' at which he 
himself was present, and, as G. F. R. B. men- 
tions, contributed to The Mrmihly Mmjaziiie 
in the beginning of the nineteenth century. 
He was an admiral's secretary in the Royal 
Navy, and it n supposed that in later life lie 
entered trade in Bath. He belonged to a 
Somersetshire family, and his great-uncle 
John Whitchurch owned Nunney Castle, 
near Frome, in the middle of the cigliteenth 
,century» at the same time that another 
[Samuel Whitchurch was rector of Nunney. 
I His father fought at Dettinif en and Fontenoy, 
aa he mentions in a poem otidressed to ' My 
Father.' Tlie poet married a Miss Reea, 
whose father was a friend of Coleridge and 
Sou they. M. E. S. 

Ben Joxsox and Bacon (lO"" S. ii. 469 ; 
iii. 35, 04).— This is a very interesting ques- 
tion, and I should be glad to see what further 
information on the point Rawley pave to 
Tenison. But neither the British Museuni 
nor the Bodleian Catalogue records Teiiison's 
'Baconiaua.' Perhaps Mr. Stkonach will be 
so good as to give particulars of the part of 
Teniwn's works to which he refers— titles, 
vcilame, page, edition, <tc. Q. V. 

Spr.iTTiNc Fields of Ice (10"' S. iv. 325, 
395, 454, 513).— To keep matters in order, it 
may be well to say that the passage from 
Lowell to which Mr. J arratt directs atten- 
tion is precisely that on which this whole 
discussion hinges, The quotation and criti- 
cism of it at the first reference stimulated all 
that has followed. To prevent the possibility 
of advancing a thing in illustration of itself, 
it would be useful if readers would carefully 
examine all that has previously been said 
before oflFerine fresh contributions to a 
subject under dispute. Mr. Jarratt mean- 
while is quite justified in hiH assumption that 
Lowell misunderstood Wordsworth, and it is 
interesting to have his corroboratior> of the 
view expressed in the initial note, which, 
apparently, he has not seen. ThomEon's 

growling river is a different matter from the 
roaring ice at a time of thaw, to which it 
bears no resemblance whatever. It may be 
observed, however, that it is not the whole 
river, but "the whole imprison'd river," to 
which the poet's description refers, and that 
what he says is illustrative at once of his 
accurate observation and his felicitous use of 
expressive phraseology. The allusion to the 
roaring and howling ice of 'The Ancient 
Mariner ' is apposite and useful. 

Thomas Bayne 


race" (I0«'' S. iv. 510). — The book your 
American correspondent inquires about was 
entitled 'The History of England in Rhyme 
from the Conquest to the Restoration,' and 
was published in 18,J4 by Hope <fe Co., 
16, Great Marlborough Street. It was really 
very cleverly done in parts. It is a crown 
8vo of 332 pages, and was publisheil at 5«. 
R. B. Mab-ston. 
8t Dunstsn's House, Fetter Lane, E.C. 

Prisoner suckled by bi8 Daughter 
(10'^ S. iv. 307, 353, 432). — Lerapriere's 
'Classical Dictionary' includes Perone, the 
daughter of Cimon, a prisoner. The legend 
may be of Greek origin, but was common to 
the Ilomans. who, if memory plays roe not 
false, are recorded to have called the heroine 
Euphrasia (name identical with that of the 
plant we call " eyebright " — Milton's 
"euphrasy," Drayton's "eyebright for the 
eye"). 1 have what is perliaps one of the 
oldest extant "portraits" of the lady, 
figured in her act of filial piety on a frag- 
meitt of Sainian ware, part of a bowl used 
in Britain when Rome ruled the world. 

I. Chalkley Gould, 

I have seen a broadside with a represonta* 
tion of this subject and appropriate verses 
underneath. I think there is a specimen 
among the unbound broadsides in the library 
of the Society of Antiquaries. 

K. P. D. E. 

Bayham Abbey (10"' S. iv. 448). — In 
Francis Grose's * Antiquities of England and 
Wales,' 1773-0, vol. iii., is a view of ' Bege- 
ham. or Beyham Abbey, Sussex,' engraved 
by (Godfrey in 1774, together w^ith a short 
account of the abbey. AccorfUng io a note 
at the end, this view was drawn in 1761. but 
in 1700 according to the county index of 
vol. iii. at the end of vol. iv. The latter 
mentions a view by S. and X. Buck (north 
aspect) taken in 1737. 

There is a small woo<lcutof Bayham Abbey 
on the first page of vol. ii. of 'The Anti- 



NOTES AND QUERIES. tMr8.v,jA5.ia.i««. 

p. iit%, thft namo ia . 
reforn to T«ofier, !>ei. 

Ilor (/'liriiLian naiitP, 
*Qf)uiry,' IHIW, athI 

...- ...... r. :, ji^ 

. 1.,-...;. In 

,' ITftO. vol. i. 

. .„ ... I), A foot-note 

ICotlKRT ['iKBi'OINT. 

(10"' 8. iv. 530).— 
ncnorHing to liurke'a 
lii« ' Vevrnfte' (under 
Bmythn of K^lin Hall, Hnrt.), WHS Mnry Anne. 
Mftii* anil Maria Anno wore uhchI i. 
liiiirij^ CDnsidpie'l l)y houio to l;e n)<>i 
fthlt). In an inscription on a ntain. >■ Kui<n 
winilow in tlii« flintrict tiie voninn Marianne 
is adopted. John IUdcupke. 

(irwrillvlil, n«ar Olillttm, 

Touv'rt Don (Ki*'' 8. iv. 50ft, 53.5^. — My 
re>4pi)iidont4 <ln not «e<>ni to have uniiertitood 
thn <iil!io«lty abmit " T<il)y'!« liog." Of course 
llw rffert>nco it lo Toltit'^ dog in the Apocry- 
plml book ; but why •thould "tiie m&kiug of 
a preachniont on Toby'* dog," on 22 February, 
lOlo. have beon con'niclored so sorioux an 
oflfbnc« M to entail imprisonment in the Fleet 
and A Ane of SOO/. t T/uit is the question. 


AiNsTV (I0«' 8. ii. 2\ 97, 4.')5. 516 : iii. 133, 
$.">(>, .13.')).— If Mr. Rolloway (whose ingenious 
«P ' ■ Ti ii allude*]^ to at the first refer- 
ci urn t4i llie King'n Remprnbrancer's 

Miriii.iaiutit itoll for tiipyear 2G-V Edward I, 
m, M.% hp will find separate acoountj? of the 
To-'i ' ■■■ the " tWanatu* Cliri>»tianilatii 
F s" and the "IVoatialu'i dp Aynojity" 

—x-.'^i ,M(lencP that the two (IfanrrioM «r»rfi 
CO-rxiKting entities in 12^0, a'k' •''*'• T"" 

empi<»]ring th» aoleeisni : " Nut ' yoa h 
if iron pleaae. but *yoa were.' The piit 
is not • yoa is," hot * yoq are '— a et» 
girl " (' Letters of John Wilkes, 
addreaaed to \\ia Daaghter,' London, 
vol. ii. p. 188). Yet in hia earlier yeairs 
waa himself equally blameworthy, for I 
letter, nent in ITG3 to Samuel Mariin, in 
which Wilkes confev^e:} he waa the author of. 
the Htrictnres in I'Ae North liriton on tfc 
person's conduct, contains these words : 
nave reason to believe you ■teas not so macll 
in the dark as you affected and cliose to be ' 
((luoted in 'The Poetical Works of Char) 
Churchill,' vol. i. p. 185, London, 1804). Th« 
politician and tlie poet were on very friend I, 
terni8, which came to an end in 1TG4 on th« 
Itttter's untimely death. In hia poeiu ' Th« 
Farewell,' composed in that year, wo fine 
that Churchill waa no more impeccable 
Wilkea in the matter of grammar, for he 
says :— 
Al home, and AiitinK in your oll>ow-chair, 
Vou praise J*pao, tlioagh yoa i''cm no»«fr Ihere. 

Rut I think, if he had not died in early man- 
hood, he wouUi have also condemned thi« 
vicious locution, which was so common it 
the first half of the eishtcenth century, am 
wliich Hr. Ixtwtli's 'Short Introduction lo 
English Grammar,' published in 17C2, had so 
clearly shown to be wrong. 


r.M«JM4 itv V. J. Fox (10"' S. iv. 530).-The 
ladi ihittti ItMtvt clearly indicate tlie answer. 
*'Mv pkuir' muHt be abed-post, and "I" al 
|„nI/»>|Iuw, h. H. 

■ l'»a»(\ K H>;slfiTKn 

thn* '"'• 

n.|-« of Canterbury 
;, it. It occurs as 
,„ nitd AphorJe. In 
,,t« that Sir Anthony 
,,,! Affi-a, daughter of 
( Hasted '» 'Kent,' ii. 

, •• Yoo WAS " (10»'' S. 

- In a letter date<;I 

,K.|i was written from 

Tolly, John Wilkes 

S09 her to task for 

1 \'^."A *','"''' "^*'*®'*''ed i» 1HI8. Scott says 
% n'',r'"'fl- "•^' "Tlie passive resistance 
of t le lolbooth gate promised to do more to 
baffle the purposes of the mob than the active 
in terference of the magistrates." The phrase 
also occurs, I believe, in 'Ivanhoe,' which, 
''^ire^er, appeared a year later. • The Heart 
ot iMidlotluan, perhap-s. therefore, affortis the 
earliest known instance of use. 

o, hlgin Court. W. 

_ There are some very striking literary mm»- 
ciations attached to the phrase 


w a. V. Jan. 13. 19C6.J NOTES AND QUERIES. 



L resistance. " Isaac of York, in ' Ivaiilioo ' 

[(chap, xxii.), was in a'Miumour of passive 

[resistance" when awaiting the terrors of 

iFmiit (Je Bibuf in the duiiKeoD of tiie (Jastle 

of Torquilstoiie ; and iu 'Pickwick' the cod- 

fiiih whicii ^[r. Weller was taking by the 

Mugxietou Telegraph back to tlie Manor 

i'arm, Dingley Dell, a« a Christmas prftsent 

to ^f^. Wardle, suddenly ceased its "passive 

resi.stance " to being packed into tlie boot, to 

the discomfiture of the guard, and "the 

iDQSinotherable delight of all the porters and 

'bystanders." Alan Pitt Robbiks. 

"Famous" Chelsba (10"> S. iv. 360, 434, 
470, SIT).— Certainly there is a place named 
"Ccoleslg" in two MSS. of the ' A. S. 
Chronicle.' an. lOOG. But, unluckily, it is 
[near Wallingford, and the modern name 
happens to be Cholsey. 

What wereally wantin not suggestions, but 
old spellings quoted from old documents, 
liut this would require reiiearcli, and it is no 
very much easier to guess. 

The spelling of charter No. CO in Birch is of 
no value at all ; it gives *'Ethrelwedi " {.tic) 
I for .fl-^thelrsedi, and " Persliora '" (sic) for Per- 
scora. So it is nothing but a late Norman 
copy, and is misdated.* The spelling in 
No. 247 is not *' Celchyd, ' but Celchyth ; for 
the </ is •' crossed." Waltbh W. Skeat, 

It is quite true, as Prok. Skeat says, that 
the two charter.s which 1 quoteri from 
^Thorpewill be found in Bircli. But I cannot 
[■ee that I repeated what Prof. Skbat had 
Already said "as if it were new." Paof. 
8kbat merely ahowe<l that "Celchyth " was 
••famosus" or " celeber," while my object 
was to demonstrate, for the benefit of those 
readers who had not the leisure or the op|Hir- 
tunity to consult (he 'Cartularium,' that the 
reason for its being "famous" was that so 
many 9yno<ls were held there, and iu 
support of this contention I gave particulars 
of two. I did not profess that tins infomna- 
tion was new, as it is, of course, to be found 
in Birch or Thorpe ; but it was so far new 
that I do not think it has been recorded in 
any history of Chelsea. I quoted from 
Thorpe because his collection happened to be 
the handiest at the moment. 

A^ regards * Cealchyth," Prof, Skeat 
had pointed out that Mr. Plummer had made 
a mistake in regard to this place. I only 
wished to assure myself that other writer.s, 
in copying from the MSS., had not done the 

• A* for •' Elhcealchjf," the r(h is a vli^vf"! 
French ntKsllinx of A. -8. irl ; and the A.H. teriiiiDal 
letter ia contompluoualjr omittod. 

same. We now learn, on the authority of 
Prof. Skeat, unless 1 am mistaken in hi» 
language, that there were two different 
place.s. 'Cealchyth' and "Celchyth." each 
of which was celebrated for its synods. Or 
can "Cealchyth'' be a possible mistake of 
the scribe for "Celchyth"! 

With regard to Mr Addy s theory, there 
can he no doubt that the .second constituent 
of the name was "hyth," and not "ig." 
There is no authority wnalover for the latter 
ending, and Mn. Addy merely repeats an 
old guess of Bosworth's. A place named 
"Ceolesig" or "Ceols-ig" certaiidy occurs 
in the charters, but it represents Cholsey, iu 
Berkshire, and in all probability the first 
constituent is not " C^ol," a name theme, but 
"Ceol," a boat. The earliest mention of 
Chelsea after Domesday times that I can 
find is in the ' Calendar to the Feet of Fines 
for Ijondon and Middlesex,'!. 2, under date 
8 Ivic. I. (119C), where it is spelt Chelchud'. 
The transition to the modern form, as I have 
before pointed out. is shown in the will of 
Richard Laykyn, mercer, date<l 15.35, where 
the name is spelt Chelseliyth (Sharpe'a 
• Calendar of Hustiug Wilis,' ii. 639).* 

W. F. Pkidkaux. 

Somner, in his 'Dictionarium Saxonico- 
Latiiio-Anglicuto,* 1G&9, has "Ceolesige, 
loci nomen, villie inswlaris olira, et navibus 
acconimodata. ut nomen sigiiificat." " Ceol ' 
is A.-S. for ship. Bosworth, in Ins ^'A-£5. 
Diet,' quotes iSomner, and identifies " Ceoles- 
ig ' widi Chelsea. Lewis, in his •Topo- 
graphical Diet.* (seventh ed., 1848), says that 
Chelsea was anciently called Chelcheth. or 
Cheichith, "probably from the S. ceosl, cetol, 
sand ; and lo/the, a harbour, from which its pre- 
sent name is derive<J. ' Bosworth has ctosel, 
ceosl, gravel, sand. Camden (Gibson's trans.) 
says ; "Chelsey [sic] is so called from a bed 
or shelf of saucf in the river Tlmmes (a» 
some suppose), but iu records it is named 
Chelche-hith. " Cealc" in A.-S. place-names 
would generally lie pronounced "Cwwk, ' as 
Calke Abl)ey, Derby ; also Cawkwell in Line, 
so named from the calx or chalk pita there. 
Somner mentions " Cealca • ceaster, oppidi 
nomen" {i e. chalk city), which Camden 
tliought was Tadcaster. 

The etymology of the name Chelsea and 
the identity of the place were discussed at 
2"' S. viii. 205 and ix. 132, 189. W. 11. H. 


• Might I siiBRest the hojie lh»t writers on this 
aubject would Hist read my jia|»er in 0"' S. i. 2B*' 
which Rivci many referooco to the early speUl" 
of the nanieT 

(lO'o 8. V. Jak. 13. 1906l 



ROMNEY PORTRArT (10'|| S. iv. 410).— The 
flecond wife of Nicholas Kempe, of the Mint 
and of the Villa, Chelsea, was Anne, daughter 
and coheir of Mr. Meriton, of Oxford. After 
tho death of Nicholas Kempe, wincli occurred 
in 1774, alie married Dixon, tlie mezzotint 
engraver. Her beauty attracted many naen 
of coiididerable note in their day to the 
Villa, and the entertaining of theee gae-st^ 
seems to have been the cause of financial 
diflicultiea. Nicholas had mortgaged his 
stipend as bullion porter at tho Mint, bub he 
naan&ged to transfer liit post to his son 
John, who thus partially paid his father's 
debts by service. T/ie Gentlanon't Maffazini;, 
in obituary notices of Nicholas Kempe and 
his relatives, states that the children were 
"alioru of their just expectations" by 
Nicholas — in his infatuation for his second 
wife — leaving tho family estate and his 
personal property to her unreservedly. This 
»s nob in accordance with facts, for by his 
will (P.C.C. 233 Bargrave), proved in 1774, 
lie left only the income from his residuary 
'estate to his wife Anne, with remainder to 
his ihreo sons James, John, anil Ttiomas 
Liinburirum Kempe. lie had, it seems, no 
real estate to leave, but among his effects 
was a i)iano on wlueh Haydn composed his 
early works. Alfred John Kempe, F.S.A., 
a writer and antiquary of importance in his 
■day, wa.s grandson of the above-named 
Nicholas. He, as well as his father, was for 
a time employed at the Mint, and died in 
184ti, leaving little but his good name as a 
provision for his issue. He was buried with 
liis beloved sister, Ann Eliza Ifray, in Fulham 
(JhurchyanJ, where their monument may be 
«een wiih tho simple legend "Brother and 

Engravings after Roraney of Mrs. Dixon 
are still obtainable. I do not know where 
the original Komnoy is, but believe that the 
Rev. John Edward Ivempe has a miniature 
■of the lady. FiJKD. Hitciiin-Kemp. 

H, licenhtield Road. Calford, iS.E. 

Heraldic (10'*' S. iv. 508).— The nearest 
approach to the coat given by »Sadi to be 
found: in Papworth's ' Ordinary ' is assigned 
to t'uily, CO. Ijeiccsler, and is as follows : 
"Argent, on a chevron between three mullets 
of six points, pierced sable, a besant." This 
coat is also given in Burke's 'General 
Armory' with the date of grant> viz. 4 
Henry 11. g D. C. 

[Mr. J. RAhcUFKfc also refers the coal to Cuily.J 

Beli-s do*'- S. iv. 409).— The bells in the 
south Norman tower of Exeter Cathedral- 
built, with tho corresponding one oo the 

north side, by William Warelwast, U>e blind 
nephew of William the Conqueror (Bishop of 
Exeter 1107-3G) — are reputed to be the 
heaviesb ringing peal in the world. Theirs 
respective weights have been variously re- 
corded, and generally exaggerated ; but when 
Messrs. John Taylor & Co., the well-known 
bell-founders of Loughborougii, put them in 
order a couple of years or so ago, the weights 
were obtained accurately, and may be de- 
finitely given as follows : No. I, 7 cwt. 22 lb.; 
No. 2,"8cwt. 3qr8. lOlb. ; No. 3, 8 cwt. 2qn.; 
No. 4, 10 cwt. Iqr. 2lb. ; No. 5, 18 cwt. 4 lb.; 
No. 6, 19 cwt. 19lb. ; No. 7, 28 cwt. 4 lb. ; 
No. 8, 33 cwt. 2qrs, lllb. ; No. 9, 40 owt. 
3qrs. 191b.; No. 10, 72 cwt. 2qr8. 2lb.; Nell 
(the half tone), II cwt. 1 qr. 8lb. ; making a 
total of 258 cwt. 1 qr. 17 lb., ie. 12 tons 18 cwt. 
lor. 171b. 

No trustworthy record of the weight of the 
great bell known locally as Peter (originally 
ab Llandaffj, which hangs in stately solitude, 
in the opposite tower, can be quotexl ; but 
Messrs. 'Taylor do not consider it would turn 
the scale at more than 80 cwt. 

A story was long current (I had heard it 
from my youth) tliat the vibration, when the 
bells in the south tower were rung, was so great 
that it caused joints in the old masonry 
to open and shut— so much so that the end 
of one's coat might., ab timas, be thrust 
between the stone-s. Hence— in consequence 
of reputed danger to the fabric— it was only 
on rare occasions the melodious notes of thesd 
bells were heard. When, therefore, on my 
firstcoming to Exeter in the sixties, I learned 
that on a given day a pexil was to be rung, 
I hastened to the belfry, anxious to test 
the bi'Uth of the assertion. But the tradition 
appeared to be naught but a fairy tale. I could 
perceive no visible eflfect upon the massive 
stonework in qnestion. Harry Hkms. 

Fttir Parit, Exeler. 

The weights of the largest bells are given, 
in pounds, in V liaml>er$ s Jowiial, 1 July, 1865, 
p.415('Bell Gossip'); in tons, in Haydn's 'Dic- 
tionary of Dates '; and, I think, in Lord Grira- 
thorpe 8 book on 'Clocks, Watches, and Bells.' 
See also 'Church Bells' in Tfu Sh'^jheld Daiitj 
reh'jraph, a series of articles published in 
paw [ih let form in 1903. 

Shrimpton's 'Historical Handbook and 
Guide to Oxford,' 187S, p. 143, gives a list of 
fifty bells in different countries, from Russia'* 
largest bell, 443,772 lb., down to Beverley 
MiiiHter, .V>X)lb., Great Tom of OxfonI beinR 
]7,fi40lb., and the thirty-first on the list 

\L J. Fymmore. 

L V.Jan. 13. i9e6.i NOTES AND QUERIES, 


**SjaMBOK"; its rROXUNOUTION (10*^ S. 
iv. 204, 332. 512).— In the Supplement to my 
•Concise Dictionary' I liave said that the 
Cape Dutch njiimhok seems to have been 
adopte<i from the Malay chabak (Portuguese 
chabHco) ; also, that the Malay ^onl is 
obviously borrowed from the Persian cfuVnik. 
■which {ah an adj ) mean.s "alert, active," ami 
(oa a sb.) a "horsewhip." And 1 refer to 
* N. <fc Q ,' D*"* S. iv. 45G ; ' Chawbuck ' in 
Yule'a Glossary, and 'Chabouk,' * Cliawbuck,' 
in 'N.E.D.' Walter W. Skbat. 

CflALONEB: Thomas Mekwikn : the For- 
tunate Boy (lO"' S. iv. .'iOQ).— There is a long 
notice of the "Fortunate Youth," as he was 
fltyletl, in Gunning's * IleminiHcences of Cam- 
bridge,' chap. X., 1817 to 1820 (ii. 283-91). 
under the heading 'Remarkable Imposture'; 
bnt it leaves hira when the discovery i.s made. 
His subsequent career is mentioned in a now 
scarce book. ' Whychcotte of St. John's,' pub- 
lished in 1833. and I believe written by the 
Rev. £rakine Neale (once rector of Kirton, 
an adjacent parish to Newboume), a very 
voluminous author. After alluding to the 
bursting of the bubble, and the youth's 
mysterious and sudden disappearance con- 
nequent thereon, IMr. Neale records having 
heard him preach a sermon, in a small 
country church in Che-ihire, on the fleeting 
tenure of all earthly good (ii. 143-50). He 
resided, so savs the author, for some time in 
France after iiis imposture, and then went to 
St, Bees College, Cumberland, whence he 
was ordained by Dr. Law, then Bishop of 
Chester. Hero again the story stops. 

.John Pickford, M.A. 

Newboume Rectory, Woodbridge. 

1Mb. W. p. Cocrt.vey also refers to UunnioR.] 

FifLHAM Bridge (10"" S. iv. 509). — Tho 
colourefl print of 'La Veue du Pont 
do Fulham Bridge' is probably that by 
Chatelain, of which there is a copy among 
the engraving-s in the library of the Corpora- 
tion 01 London. It is described in the cata- 
logue thus : "' A view of Fulham Bridge from 
Putney. Chatelain del., Roberts iciUp." 
J. B. Chatelain was an English artist, born 
in London in 1710, who, whenever his disso- 
lute habits permitted, gave undoubted proofs 
of the excellence of his taste and the readi- 
ne«i8 of his invention. He was peculiarly 
successful in his designs for landscapes, some 
of which he engraved. His other engravings 
are from the works of Caspar Poussin and 
Cortona. He died in 1744. The plan of the 
bridge, completed in 1729, was drawn by 
Cheselden, the great surgeon (Faulkner's 
' Fulham,' p. C) ; and tho builder was Mr. 

Phillips, carpenter to George II. Its cost 
was 23.075/., and it is 789 ft. long and 24 ft. 
wide. J. HoLDEN MacMicha£U 

0. Elgin Court, W. 

The Boar's Head (lO^h S. iv. 50C).— At 
the annual Christmas supper of tho Man- 
chester Literary Club, of which Mr. George 
Milner is president, the boar's head is 
brouglit fro'j the kitchen into the dining- 
liall carried on high by the c/i<r/, and followed 
by a procession consisting of a cook (who 
carries a very large knife and a very small 
fork), a master of the revels, an usher, a 
jester, courtiers, minstrels, and singers, all in 
old-time costumes. The carol is tho well- 
known " Caput apri defero " : — 

The boarH head in liand bring I, 

With garlands gay and roaemary ; 

I pray you all ning jiierrily 

Qui eatis in convivin. 

Archibald Sparke. F.R.S.L 
There are so many grotesque stories as to 
the origin of this Christmas custom that it 
is interesting to discover what appears to be 
the true explanation. According to PuricelU 
(chap, iv., ' Dissert. Nazar.,' pp. 471-2), 

" Neqne hn?c praxis inanis, s«u myaterto vacua, 
Illud conmerlia'tinuim eat. atnid nobiles eiiam 
Mediolanenscs iiiviolobililer adhuc ex antiqiia, et 
immemorabiii inajoruDi Iradilione huuc viRere 
u«Hin, ut in NaliviUle Domini auilkt carnea, el ex 
capite prajserlim eomedaul. in prnua menaa, r«.te/» 
in exec-ationtm Jiiil<ronuii. qui Messiani, et «al- 
vftloreui twrlinaciter iiee*"'- nobis ease natum, 
obslinaliiiiie conteiidunt, anliqu:u IcRia cipremoniaf, 
et ritua adhuc acrvandos esse, ac proinde a auiIJjs 
etiarn caruibus, tanquam iiumuudis, adhuc alwti- 

It was customary on Christmas nigiit for 
the Curia and Papal household to be enter- 
tained at supper at SanU >Iatia Maggiore 
at the conclusion of the Papal Mass, and it 
devolved on the Cardinal Bishop of Albano 
to provide at his own expense two boars' 
heads ("duo optima busU porcorum '") for 
the supper. On the death of Pope Inno- 
cent III., in 1216. the expenses of Uiis 
banquet were no longer paid for by tlie 
cardinal, but by the reigning Pontiff. 
Although the "«tatio ad b. Manam 
Maiorem" is still held there on C.hristmas 
night, the "ca-na," alas ! has for many years 
been discontinued. 

Uartwkll D, GnissELL, F.S.A, 
Seven Sacrament Fonts (lO^"^ S. iv. .386). 

These fonts are somewhat rare, and are 

chiefly found in Norfolk. The finest of 
those I have seen was some years ago in 
the Cathedral of Norwich. There are, I 


NOTES AND QUERIES. Cio'^ »• v. Jx». la. i«» 

ever, examples in various other parU of 

Mr. Combe, in his 'Illustrations of Bap- 
ti>iinal Fonts' (usually called erroneously 
* Paley's Fonts '), figures two of them : one at 
Nottleeomlip, SomersetHhi re, and one at 
Wttlsokeni Norfolk ; and I have sketches* of 
two panels of one at Farningham, Kent, 
made for rae by the late Mr. J. Lewis Andre 
ID 1890. 

These fonts arc generally Perpendicular 
work : they are octagonal. Seven of the 
sides bear illustrations of the sacraments ; 
the eighth, often a representation of the 
Crucifixion. That of Nettlecomhe, however, 
has symbols of the blessed Trinity on its 
eighth panel. The sacraments represented 
are baptism, confirmation, penance, holy 
Eucharist, orders, matrimony, and extreme 

At Farninghara the last subject is illus- 
trated in a very remarkable manner : the 
wafer is l)eing administered to a person in 
violent convulHions. In the sacrament of 
marriage, as represented on this font, the 
lady wears the headdress of tlie time of 
Edward IV. ; and on the Nettlecomhe font 
the costume of all tho figures is of the .iame 
date. In all early pictures and carvings it 
was the custom of tho artist to dresj his 
personages in the coi^tumo of his own periiid^ 
80 by observing the dresses on monuments, 
we are enabled to fix the date of them pretty 

Tiie font at Walsoken has this inscription 
ou its stem : " Uemo'ber ! ye the Soul of 1 
8. Honyter I k Margaret [ his wife | and 
John' I Uuforth Cliapli'"; and on tho base 
iscarvod Uiodate l.%44. Emma Swann. 

Waltou Manor, Oxford. 

Where F. K. gets liii authority for father- 
ing the de.secration of the sculpture on the 
Oofleston Church font upon " tlio notorious 
Will Dowsing " does not appear in evidence. 
We know this man— whom tho Earl of Man- 
chaster appointed "visitor of the Suffolk 
churches "in 1643— prided himself upon his 
iconoclastic performaticos. But he had lits 
compeers in tlie general work of destruction, 
Mr. A. C. Fryer, F,S,A., in his paper ' Uj^n 
Fonts with Uenresentations of the Seven 
Sacraments.' to bo found in vol. lix. (Second 
Series, vol. ix ) of 2'/te ArcUaadogical Jowntil 
(1902), remarks :— 

"(Jfirleston's font siitlerei! •everely alx>ul 
A.O. 1&(.1 at llie handn of one Francis JeMiip, who 
in his •Joiimar remark* of (iorluton, * \V« did 
deface the font and the croea thereon.' and add* he 
lamented he ' could not deetroy the staiaed gloaa in 
the uprer windows, ai no one in Oorleston would 
isod him a ladder.'" 

Ancient fifteenth and sixteenth century 
octagonal fonts upon which the sacraments 
are carved are by no means rare. Ijion the 
eighth side usually occurs a representation 
of tho Crucifixion, but sometinies of the 
bapti.Mni of Christ by St. John Raptist. In 
two instances the sultject is tho Last Judg- 
ment. It is thus at Oorleston. The Blessed 
Virgin and other figures are introtluced iuio 

As a modern instance of a seven-sacrament 
sculptured font I may add that I placed one 
in tlie church of St. Cuthbert's, Kensington, 
S.W., so recently as 1888. HabBY Ukms. 

Fair Park, Exeter. 

In the Jounuil of the lloyal Arcli9?ologicaI 
Institute, 1902, there is given a eoinjilete list, 
an<l photographs of the examples, in EngUod. 
The nuinbei-8 given are in Norfolk sixteen, in 
Suffolk eleven, and in the counties of Kent 
and Somerset one example each, twenty-nine 
in all. 

In the volume for 190.1 the fonts with 
representation of the holy Eucharist and 
iioly baptism are morn fully described (with 
photographs) than in the earlier volume. The 
author of both pai)er8 is Mr. Alfred Fryer, 
F.S.A. Andrew Olivks. 

The church of All Saints, Marsiiara, con- 
tains one of these fonts, in good preserva- 
tion. There is some doubt as to what the 
eighth panel represents, but I think it i» 
either Purgatory or the preaching to the 
souls in Hades. A. T. M. 

Dw.s IS Wae do'" 8. IV. 488, 5,'JT).-An 
article entitled * War Dogs ' appeared in The 
Nineteenth Caitunj for March, IOCS. 

A special article on ' Arabulanoo Dog« in 
War ■ appeared in The Ih-iU$h Meditat 
Jmirual, 10 Dec, 1904. Hexry Rooms. 

Mklton Cloth: Mklton Jacket (10^ S. 
iv. 467, 4M) —The name was certainly derived 
from Melton Mowbray. On Easter Monday, 
1838. at Drury Lane Tlieatre. a piece wan 
produced called 'The MeltonianM,' descritioil 
as "a perfectly illegitimate drama and 
extravaganza in two acts." The action l&kes 
place on the outskirts of Melton Mowbray ; 
several of the characters are " in Melton 
costume," which is shown on the frontispiec«» 
as a coat with rounded tails. The "gentle- 
men " had been hunting, and then painted 
the toll-house and toll-gate red. Aykahb. 

Final ••»" in CnAiKER (10"' S. iv. 42&. 
^li).— \ am much obliged to Prop. Skbat for 
his courteous and esteemed reply to my 
query under this head. Although the quca- 

10- 8. V. Jan. 13. 1900.) NOTES AND QUERIES. 

lion ia a large one, he lias thrown ample 
light upon it. The general, if decreasing, 
ignorance regarding tlie English of Chaucer 
and hi.s contemporaries must be my plea for 
the somewhat vague terms of the query- I 
shall now turn to the perusal of 'The King's 
Qoair ' with deepened interest. 

It is to be hoped that in oar schools and 
univeraities every advantage will be taken 
of the splendid work which has been done by 
rjiOF. Skeat — the chief of a capable band of 
native scholars— for Chaucer and Middle 
English study. There are trustworthy signs, 
indeed, that an appreciation of it is rapidly 
growing among our educational authorities. 


Melchior Guytmckens (10^'' S. iv. 4C[), 
537).— In the forlies and early fifties there 
lived in Connaught Terrace, Hyde Park, now 
the west .side of the Edgware Road, two old 
maiden ladies, the Misses Ouydickens. They 
were friends of my mother, and were the 
daughters of General Guydickens, who, I 
surmise, was identical with Qustavus Guy- 
dickens, the son of Melchior. They were 
related to the family of Viscount Tracy, a 
title which is now extinct or dormant, I <]o 
not know which. Lord Sudeley is the 
present head of the Tracy family, and in all 
probability he would be able to give Mr. H. 
Atjiill-Ckuttwell the requiretl informa- 
tion. Basil A. Cochrane. 

30, George Street, Manchester >Square. 

PirsCH, THE Beveraoe (10"' S. iv. 401, 477, 
531).— In SSaxon charters relating (o Hamp- 
shire, Xos. G74, 787, 0S2(Rircli, * C. S '), occur 
the place names 'pungciieshyl " and dune, 
ic. The prefix survives in one locality in 
the names Punsholt Farm and Lane. 

I have in a book on Surrey pointefl out 
that in Kostrenen's Franco-Breton dictionary 
the word '* Puncgz " is explained as a well or 
cistern. There are IJoman remains in both 
places that might account for tiie cistern. 

It apf>ears to me that the beverage was 
probably introduced to the Dutch and 
English marine by the Breton xailurs who 
brought over the cargoes of "right Nantes," 
And that the name came from tiie vessel in 
which it was brewed. ►Similarly, we now 
talk of *' cup," whether of claret or cham- 

1 fancy brandy was the first form of 
alcohol to be known commercially and apart 
from bomo distilling, and the lireton sailors 
were famous in early times. 

Punch as a beverage is not so entirely 
extinct as some of your correspondents seem 
Co think. A well-known club of antiquaries 

strictly confines its after-dinner potation to 
it, wliether in town or country. Its use has 
been ruined of later years by the numlier of 
strong liqueurs and other abominations that 
have been crowded into it, which make it 
extremely to be dreaded. It is evident that 
the definition of it as "a form of lemtmade'' 
was not entirely a jest, and that ill-results 
were the eflfect of quantity rather than of 
quality. RALni Neviix, F.S.A. 

There is an amusing account of punch- 
drinkincin * Itedgauntlet ' (the probableclate 
of which is 1760), chap, xi , at the table of 
Provost Crosbie, of Dumfries. 

In 'Peter's Letters to bis Kinsfolk' (the 
date of which is about 1819), vol. iii. letter 
Ixvii., is a description of a dinner-party at 
Glasgow, in which punch is a conspicuous 
feature. The sugar is melted with a little 
cold water ; then lemons are squeezed over 
it, and the water poured on it. It is then 
called sfurfjtt. Afterwards rum is added. 

At Jesus College, Oxford, is a silver-gilt 
punchbowl, holding ten gallons, and weigh- 
ing 278ounces, thegiftof Sir Watkin Williams 
Wynne in 1732. 

An old recipe for punch-making ran :— 
One of sour, two of sweet, 
Three of stroDg, four of weak. 

John Pickfokd, M.A. 

Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge. 

[T. F. D. refers .ilso to Peter's aevenfioth letter, 
as cotitaiiiinK ati account uf the "awful results 
thai followed the drinkinf; of the punuh.j 

GEonoE III. '8 Daughters (10"> S. iv. 167, 
236, 201, 336, 493). — COMMANDANT Reboul 
will fimi references to the story of Capt. 
Garth in ' The Creevey Papers,' vol. ii. p. 196 
(14 Feb., 1829), p. 197 (2 March), and p. 200 
(10 March). IIichard Hemmin(j. 

[Mr. R. J. Fr.SMor.E also refers to Creevey. J 

" Photoghai'hv " Clod's, iv. 3fi7, 435, 4rjO, 
490).— In my list of terms beginning with 
"photo" I omitted the common "photo- 
zincography." The earliest record I have of 
this is in the following title : "Shakespeare's 

Sonnets, 1009 Reproduced in Facsimile by 

the New Process of photozincography 

18t>2." Wm. Jaouard. 

139. Canning Street, Liveriwol. 

John Peniiallow (10'-'' S. iv. ."jO? : v. lo).— 
In vol. iii. of ' Procee<lings in Chancery : 
Elizabeth ' (published t«32) (hero is mention 
of a case in which Kioliard Williams was 

flaintifi' an<l John I'enhallowe defendant, 
ho object of the suit was personal, and the 
date l.OO?. This was possibly a relative oT 
the John Peniiallow who died in I71(J. 

NOTES AND QUERIES, no* a. v. jas. w. im 


NOTES ON B00K.8. *o. 

India. By Mortimer Mcnpei. Text by Flora Annie 

«tcel. (A. &C. Black.) 
'InI'Ia' i« ODOof iliehandiotneabaiid most interest- 
iiiK of ihe rnnny hand»omo and intere«lifiE volumes 
which ore ihe product of Mr. Mortimer Menpes's 
tour ill Iho East. This eminent painter hai caught 
—by iiieilioda which are partly his secret and partly 
hi» discovery — tlio means of reproducing Judian 
and Japanese Hceiiua with a Hdelity and beauty 
until recently unatlainable, Kngliahmen are proud 
of what KinglakecallB their "loved lndia,"ttnd there 
are few of us probably who could not exiiibit at 
need a pliotogrnph of the Taj Mahal ot Agra or the 
riverfront at Benarea. Those most familiar with 
India, liowover— the North-Weatern districla espe- 
cioUy— will Jind ou ojiportunily of reviving their 
pleaBanl«»t Houvenira. We know not which is the 
more exqui»ile, the lidelily of the doaiRns or the 
beauty of the atinoepherc. No fewer than jaeventy- 
five pictures are given of scenes in Delhi, Agra, 
Jeyimre. Muttra. Benares, Peshawar. Amrilsar, 
Ajniere, (jahore, &c., most of them of ravishing love- 
lines*. Views are also provided of native women, 
brides, morkot women, water - carriers, bazaars, 
shop!), gruin mercliants, workers in silver and gold, 
fruit stalla, oiid vegetable markets. The colour in 
lltvsu in wouderfiil. 

Letterpress is supplied by Mrs. Flora AnnieSteel, 
the novelist, whoso long residence in India and 
whose olticial exiierienoea in the Punjab lend her 
opitiions special value. Her descriptions, sketches, 
and NtatenientB do not directly correspond with 
the illustraliona, but deserve study on their own 
acconut, and will do tiiiich to nnrrect prevalent 
iiiisaitprehensiona about India, What is said con- 
cerninK Indian morality and the well known native 
tlisredpecl for trolli is worthy of close attention, as 
is the account of "IH57," of the way in which 
" Knglisinuen live to make mistakes and die to 
retrieve them." Most interesting of all ia what is 
■laid with roferotice to the influence of the Ja|Minese 
viut.oiiii.fA over the native mind. This, however, is 
not Ihn place in which to dwell upon subjecta of 
(hisulit«N, ihiiUKli tl. in tliJIiiMiU. to sluit our eyes to 
the ignoranrn Unit I'lTvuiU in England cun- 
cnrning oountrinK vvi« hnvi« hold tor eeiitiirieii. It is 
«,■ • picturo-bnok that t\w prxsunt voIdidq enchants. 
VVo havtiNjiokcniit ttw iidUieiivu in stirring menmries 
nntnng thnwi wlin nuiull ilio rountry. Not leHs 
attruutivo in IIhi voUinic in inipirinu n desire to 
visit ihii scnhotw^ sploudidly dopicteir. 

Tho l.i/riial I'lM-tim of William lllaU. Text by 

•tiihn Samiiaon. (Krowde.) 
WmiUwotih t I.itrratuOriltciittn, Edited by Nuweil 

C Hiiiilh, (Sanin publisher.) 
/Nirmiiii..< Hjiinc/'.choten hij W'tUiam W'ortUwoiik. 

(M«nin iiuhluhcr ) 
Tllli^i'. Ihnie volunirs oon*titulo thn i>|>«ning inatnl- 
innnt «d a sivrMiially ilainlv si«ii«'ti. lo bn Milillml 
"Tho (Uforil l.lbraiy of I' , llVipiry" j.;^,.), 

(■ ant nil In M piftiv ami . di«iuneil oInUi 

unvor. li pilhlKil Ih I ,,:,„ wfth a w^ll 

•idcniiMl ftii.l Irgii -.1 with, In two oa»os 

ntll .d I hi. I hi HI., «n (^Ollll«|.|n.^^ HUke's 

'-v''v;i I.::'"" ■ "''V •' ■ ..ii„„ 

friim Mr S\ " i.. whioh i» ,,,1 in 

(bat lM|i«»it ), and ton vtpui 

biographical ; and by a characteristic and idealized 
portrait. The introduction is an important and 
admirably executed piece of work, and will be 
specially serviceable to the student who seeks to 
realize Blake's position as poet and dreamer. 
Blake's sources of indebtedness— which began in 
Shakespeare, and continued in Milton — are 
exemplilied, and it is justly declared to be an 
iU day for him when he makes acquaintance with 
Swejlenborg. We have not, however, to rhapsodiee 
afresh on Blake, but simply to declare the edition 
perfect and ideal. 

The two volumes which follow are, in a Benee^ 
companions, aiiice both are in some fashioo con- 
cerned with Wordsworth. That rvoot's jirose 
baggage is not large, but is none tlie lea* not 
inconsiderable. Poetry is a natural medium to him, 
and in his works of long breath answers most pur- 
pr>ses of ]irose. Without being able to say of niro 
what is true of (jeorge Wither, tiiat ho converted 
his muse into a maid-ofall-work, he gave her at 
least a fair amount of drudgery. His preface and 
aptwndix to 'Lyrical Ballads' contain ninch in- 
telligent and valuable criliciAm. We may be par- 
doned for saying that, his correspondence with those 
with whom wo have enjoyed intimacy bridges over 
for us a century. In the letters to Dyce, which are 
neither numerous nor long, we come upon some 
very interesting literary comments. Dyce seems to 
have presented Wordsworth with many of Lbe 
dramatic texts he edited. 

The "Poems and KxiracLs chosen by Word*- 
worth ' are printed literally from the original 
album presented in 1819 to Lady Mary Liiwther. 
and have a (piaiut portrait of Wordsworth, 
almost like a Roman emperor laurel-crowned. Of 
the 9*2 pages of the M8., 32 are occupied with L&dy 
Winchilsea. From Wither Wordsworth takes the 
immortal address to pootry, and some few selected 
passages in praise of his mistress from 'The Mia- 
tress of Philarete.' Other extracts are Webeter'a 
Hue dirge from 'The While Devil.' Wallers 'Go, 
Lovely Rose,' and )(oeni9 by Marvell, Cowjier, Pope, 
and writers of the seventeenth and eighteenth cen- 
liuies, ^Vordsworth■8 introductory sonnet is given 
in facsimile from Miss Hutchinson's script. The 
lost extract ia Christopher iiJniart's ' iJnos written 
while uontined in a Madhouse.' The reprint of vliis 
volume is a boon to lovers of literature. 

7'hf DfAtlopintnt of (he Ftrling tw AVi/ifry. ui Hva 
Middle Aym and Modtrn Tiiftfi. By Alfred 
Biese. (Koulledge k Sons.) 
Tiii.H is a u<ieful work, but far too full of quotalion*. 
many of which have but little relation to the sub- 
jects treated. The lovo of nature in Ihe Middle 
Ages, or, indeed, in any other period, c«nnot be 
sneceasfully dealt with without a far wider view 
than Ihe author has taken. Even now, when so 
many write books, there are persoas wko feel m 
dcop and i>oetio interest in nature and ker ways 
whi> have never coraniitled their thnughlB lo pa|>er. 
All those who have a taste for rural scenery do not 
lovo trees and flowers, hills and streams, for the 
same reasons. Some are ottiaeted by fnmi, others 
by colour : and there is a third chias— far gn^ter 
ill niiiiil>er than ia cnmmonly thouglit /' rr foi 

such thingx almost solely fmin their ' l«o- 

ciations. The men of the Middle ji. Isave 

been divideil in Ihouitbt as niucU us wo are, 
pi«rhs|ia more. Jt is ditli<;utt to oUwjfy the direc- 
liouB in which their iuiAftiii»tioo led them. The 

10-. 8. V. Jak. 13. 1906.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 



whole tone of llieir literature testifies that, so far 
from such feelinjjs being wanting, or lyinj; torpid, 
Ihey were fully as active antl forceful as tliey are 
anioDK ourselves, though of course they were far 
leu fte<iueiitly put on record, for the plain reason 
that in tho»e days penyile rarely wrote hooks merely 
for the sake of relieving Iheir feelings or to make 
■loney. K any one would take the trouble, many 
volumes might be compiled in proof of what We 
have said. The illuminations in the margins 
of manuscripts, the eniliroideries on veslnieiils, 
and, perhs])* more than all. the glorious srrtdptures 
in the churches scattered over the whole of Western 
Europe, prove that the men of those days were far 
more in harmony with nature than the j^eople 
who wore wigs, (tabblerl about their feelings, 
assumed a "melancholy ileliftht in grief," and fell 
into raptures over the platitudes of Rousseau. \\ e 
have before our eves evidence that our more remote 
forefalhera loveil flowera. The greater jiart of 
those which ornamented the gardens of the Tudor 
lime, and which the wise amoiiK us still cherish, 
were brought over from the Continent during what 
we cnll the ^liddle Ages, Shakespeare and his 
friends would never have made such good use of 
Ihem had their ancestors been so steejwd in 
niAterialiatic ignoranco as some of our neighbours 
imaxine. That the old garden-Howers were loved 
for themselves— not grown for display only or as a 
mere fashion, as ladies now wear bird^' wings in 
their hats— is proved by the nuniljcr of them named 
after those saints who were Lheu the objects of the 
Iieople'a devotion. 

When Herr Biese criticizes the nature-worship of 
the eighteenth century, we are in cordial agreement 
with iiiin ; but when he reaches iho revival of more 
wholesome thinking which took place near its close, 
lie leaves something to be desired. Uf Scott— who 
had at least as deep feeling for nature as Byron or 
any other of his contemporariea— he says hardly 
anything, and yet, along with Bishop Percy. Scott 
was the reviver of ballad poetry. The writer is 
undoubtedly correct in saying that true " landscape 
paintihg only developes when nature is sooght for 
her own sake" ; but he is equally wrong in assum- 
ing that in the first centuries " painting was wholly 
firoacnbed by Christendom." Surely the catacombs 
urniah overwhelming evidence to the contrary. It 
is poMibly true, as the author pointi out. that 
;Eueaa Sylvius (Pope Pins II.) was the first to 
deacribe nature "not nierelv in a few aubiectivc 
lines, but with genuine modern enjoyment ': but 
what are we to say of the more inspired of the 
troubadours ? 

The old terraced gardens, with hedges of yew, 
box. and holly. sufTer hard treatment at the hands 
of Herr Biese. We <lo not commend the mathe- 
matical rigidity of these living walla of verdure, 
ma they have been called, and still leas the towers. 
[i«acocks, and eleplutnts into which the shears of 
the gardener tortured them ; but there were many 
and great compensations when the flower-beds they 
enclu««d, and so completely screened from all the 
gijee that blew, were abUw with the brightest 
colour*. Kven the "green architecture" itself 
formed a pleasant picture for the eye to rest on 
during the long months of our Northern winter. 
Much as may be said with justice against these 
nattern gardens, they formed afar nobler adjunct to 
a gr««t country house than the miserable attempts 
at landacape gardening to make room for which 
Umj were ruthlessly swept ftway. 

Tlie KxlinrtioH of the Ancitnt Ilierarthy. By the 

Rev. G. E. Phillipa. (Sands A Co.) 
TiiK object which Mr. Phillii>a has in view ia to 
prove that the eleven bishops who refused to accept 
the Reformation in the reign of Eli?'.abeth aro 
worthy to be beatified aa martyrs of the Chriatiai> 
faith. The matter has already been moote<l at Rome, 
and the writer, who is a Roman Catholic, con- 
siders that their caune would be advanced by a pub> 
licalion of their sulTeringit in a popular form. He 
endeavours to show that the "persecution" to 
which they were subjected was of such a cruel and 
severe character that it involved not only th« 
suffering, but also the death, of its victims. He has 
carefully searched the State Papen) and other con- 
temiHirary documents for evidence of this vindictive 
t>erse(.'Ution, aiui the pregenl reviewer can only con- 
clude that he boa failed to prove his case. Beyond 
a certain anvnunt of such fiersonal inconvenience 
as was inevitalile in the circumstances, the non- 
conforming bishops do not seem to have hod much 
cause to complain. Mr. PhillipH certainly fails to 
produce any delinile instance of torment or 
vindictive ill-treatment having been inflicted on 
them. The u!<ual course seems to have been to. 
place the recalcitrniit as a "i>aying guest" in tho- 
house of one of the bishops who had been appointed 
to the vacant see and wav held responsible for liia 
safekeeping. He shared the same table as hie host, 
and on the te-stimony of Bislioxv Andrewes " lived 
in plenty, in ease, and without discomfort." This 
perhajis is saying too much, as such enforced com- 
panionship may often have proved irksome, and 
communication with his co - religiouists was for- 
bid<leii, though apparently not very strictly, aa Bon- 
ner was |)«rmittea to receive visila from the Pojw'a 
envoy and others, and Tuiietall had tbe last ritea 
administered to him by one of his own Church. 
They were allowed to take their seat in Parliament, 
and record their votes against the (lovernment ; 
one at least was alKiwed to go free lor a twelve- 
mile radius round his dwelling. Of course, any 
curtailment of ])ersonnl freedom, even in loose 
custody, may be called " imprisonment ''—.Sander 
picturesijiiely calls it being "thrown into chains" 
li;i vinrula), and speaks of Tunstall dying "it* 
rigido carcere" — but it seems hardly fair to term it 
"slow ntartyrdom" which caused their dealh, or to 
say, as Cardinal Allen does, that they were " tor- 
mented and slain." It is characterislie that the 
author alleges it as a part of the "special suffer- 
ing " of Tunstall that he wa!« forced to company 
with Archbishoji Parker and that Ac irn*fi. mnrriat 
mail" Ip. 132). He also notes as of sinister imttort- 
ance thalfuiec/tf/cHU "died of ihoBlone, having lived 
trilh the. Biiho/j of Lou'loii" (italics tho author's^ 
p. IM>. as if by some subtle malignity the one fact 
was the cause of the other. It is similarly unfair 
to aasume that their custody cau^d their death 
because it ensued within a few years, most of 
these bishoiis having been already men of 
advanced age on their deprivation, one of them 
over eighty-five. Yet this is what Mr. Phillips 
does. Again, after such phrases as " it is impossible 
to doubt" (p. 149), "'we may bo certain that" 
(p. 3l'i), " nothing can be judged more likely than 
that his [Oglethorpe's] death wa.s really hastened 
by the sufferings of his confinement "'(p. HI), it ia 
not ingenuous to rnake the admission that "in 
the case of Bp. White of Winchester, there ia 
no reason for supposing any actual torture to 
have been tiaed upon him" (p. 96). ^«> V* 



[10'»ij. V.Jan. 13» 1908. 


from tliftt, when he wa« not well he wa? allowed lo 
filav on a viitil with Iii» hrolher, Aldyrnnin John 
While (|>. 110). Here, und eluewh^re. th« writer 
•U)>)>lies premises which rebut his conclu*ion thai 
> thesa bi«ho|)s "were ]iractically put to lUcUh iiit 
iheir reiiRioii " (|i. 4li!, italics the uiiihor's). This 
urguinent is really foiiiuled on an anachronism — an 
sxpevlation that the same toleration which wo 
-enjoy now shoalii have been manifested in the six- 
teenth century. We much donbt whetherso mild a 
^* jiersccuiion" would have been deemed sutlicienl 
Ifn any ooutitry but Kn^land at that time, liestidea, 
it must be borne in mind that the punighnierit, 
Btiuh an it was, was inflicted for polilioal as well as 
religious reasons, as the defaulters held with 
PiusV. that Flli/ibeth wns only "the pretended 
[^ueen of KuKland. ' and that the l'o|)e gave his 
bJessiuK lo the Northern U«l>eIlion. 

it i« invidiuUH of the author to ntake lliHhoii 
Jewel call the Fojie's bull of excumrnunication "a 
atinkiuK bull " {;>iirt'7Mii'/;ia /•!(//»), a.1 he should know 
tliat putiiiHx, Mhen applied to a writing, means 
■oniuthini; eUe. 

0«;or WUdr : n Sludf/. Froin the French of Andru 
Glde. Willi Introduction, Notes, and Uiiilio- 
itniphy by Stuart Mason. (Oxford, £Iul;well 
I'res*. ) 
Lamb tpjotes with merited eulouy what Sir Thonuts 
fBrowne saysiii tho ' FBcudoduviii Kpidt^inica' con- 
cerning "some relations wlmse Truth we fear," and 
notably his ullerancea on sina *' heleroclital." 
KeflpectiriK as we do the opinion of l)oth, we find in 
thiM l.iibute to an unfortunate man nothing but 
wliat may be studied with advantage. M. (!iile 
-flitpplies ua with an estiniAln kindly and judiciotia. 
Ill place of extrava^tant eulogy, we come acroaa a 
si^nteiice such as, "It niunt be ackDowledged that 
Wilde was not a great writer." Some thoiixlitfut 
and clever utterances are quoted. The book i» 
heautifiilly printed and illustrated, and haaftenuine 
literary attributes, but is not a work on which one 
«arus to dwell. 

DoiFf yVrrap€, liarofiefafft, and Kniijhlagt of 

Great Britain and Irdand. (Whittakcr k. Co.) 
TiiiH Iruntworlhy peerage— admirably convenient 
for reference and supplyin)! all particulars that are 
not ambitiuuttly KenealoKical— is issued for the 
Bixty-sixlh year. Better proof of it« utility can 
scarcely Iks reipiired than is furniithed^ by I his long 
«uaLaiiied a]>i)earance. Much infurniation elsewhere 
<liltioMlt of access, and a full and accurate account 
of all the titled cIsmps, are here to be found. An 
immense amount of labour is involved in its ooiii- 
liilalion, and the accuracy of it all ia indisputable. 
Tho work, as most know, i.o abundantly illustrated, 
flud np to every standard of niodern re<piir«menta. 

The Cltniu Dirtclonj and Parinh Guide for 19UG. 

(J.S. I'hillips.) 
llKVi>4hn and brought up lo dale, the thirty-sixth 
issue (if thii beJl> most ci)nveni«*i)l, and cheapest of 
guides to Ihe clcrtty of the Church of England 
makes its aiinuni a)i|»earance. Its contents cnm- 
priwe, as usual, the alphabetical li<t of the clergy, 
with (puilit'ti'ftiiiin, onfei-. appointment, and (lates; 
a list of pariKhcs and parochial districts: tho 
-i1iu(K»aan and cathedral establishments, inctridiii); 
the new Rees of Southwark and Birnm no 

difinilariea of the Irish, Scottish, .. il 

Churches, together with socioties aud oi .uis 

of interest to all connected with our ecclesiaitlical 


IhrttrrI Fry'ii Royal Guick tf fh- /-- - ' #■) ,.-.nV» 
makes, under the supervision of y .n 

forty-aecotid ap|»earance. As li< i lii- 

lishera are Messrs. Chatto <^ Windu!*. 

biR Uaury I'oT.AND, K.C., h*8 published from 

the offices of Ihe Royal Historical .Society a palter 
on Mr. (yjiiHini/a Ji'li'jiniii<j " J)f'f>atrh " to <S'i> 
Cliarl':» Hayot, which on 19 November last he raid 
before tho 8ociety. It is very intereating and 
detinitely cnnclusive. Those interested in a 4nb$e<>t 
which Sir Harry and others have abumi ! ' .ii- 

lated in our columns ulionld u.')c inlliiei> n 

a copy of a work which will always ^ : riQ 

Student, and will, we fancy, become a raniy. 

From the Tran«a.ctlon^ of the Devonshire Asao- 
ciutini) for the Advancement of Science Miss Ethel 
Lega-\Vecke» has reprinted Part V. of her very 
interesting Xtiijhfwtirg of XoHh ll'yAe. 

Mil. Hksiiv Gekai.d Hope. — We regret lo 
have to announce the death— somewhat suddenly, 
on the 3Dth ult. — of one of our most regular corro- 
spondenls for the last twenty - five years. Mk. 
Htii'K, who was coniitjcted with tlie Toler family. 
Was an authority on all matters connected witJi the 
kingdom of Ireland, as also on military and ccnea- 
loKieal subjects. His indiiatry en!ililt"d hitn lovi-rify 
quotations, and produce rtrf' n 

his carefully selected lilirms A 

not supply many original iio;- ....;., lu* 

frequent commuoicatious will be missed. 

Wt fntu< call rpcciai tUUution to tkt /Moteitg 
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AvEAitK (" That very law which moulds « tear"). 
—Samuel Rogers, *0n a Tear.' 

J. T. F. ("Behold this ruin! "lis a skull'').— 
These are the opening words of * Lines on srving a 
Skeleton.' tirinted in full in it long note by Mk. 
W. E. A. Ax<i.s' at 7"' S. xii. 481, Kee also 8"» 8. 1. 
90; ii. 193: 9"" S. L .^W. 

H. M. C. ("Commerce, Card Came"). — Scvpis] 
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E. r. W. ("Black Cat Folk-lore ").-Forwardod 
toMn. R.\TOUKrit. 


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B. V. ja>. 13. 1906] NOTES AND QUERIES. 





Of Poems, Stories, Essays, Drawings, and Music by nearly all the leading 
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iMrmtmr of Rmll.h and Forclcn AnllqntrtBn N«cl«tli>i. an<]irr 
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J ' tu^pn*4.«« muMr AH okBI >abl»et. KcUno'>\»tg»A th* mmH 
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BAKIK'8 OraBt Hoitiihop, It IS, John nnrht lllrMt, BlrinlB(kBni. 



01 T7 Bad IP. Wa«t taw* atraai. hew Vark. *a4 U. ItRHFllIlt) BTHBKT. 
LiOMDUM. W.O, 4**tr«t««Bll lbeut«BU> a of Ike UKAUIMQ rUllLIC 
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fur lUIIKir. *^B the mn.i faroarabtB terml. ordtrra lor tlitir owa 
■TAMUAKU fl'ULK.'ATIUNK. Bn4 lor all AMRUILAM ]10<.>K<>. 
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I N « T I T I' r 1 1> M, 
FnuBded IIOT 
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I Ut LoadoB HookMlIara Bjid IHrlr A.alataBU. 
lor Monian al LwrntT Ota can Invaat the turn of TW4>htr 
• quMBlpBt IM Iri.tBiinattUi Bad obtaia Ika /Jght to 
_ » liiUowIni; i.dvBiitac^. ' - 

' fi'HST rivadnai Imni »&« In Unie ut Bdreralt; aa loaf aa oe<d 

AlHi>KP Krrmaiiiiftl n#lt»r In tkid Ale. 

.......1. fcj., .r .-I t.i ,>..,^ ^, Fmincat }*ktairlaBi and Hnrienaa 

"ontrr (AIiIhvU lAOKlar. Hart(«,Tdahkret 
I produce, rual, aad niadlcaJ aicaBdaiiea 

Kiri>i A r iirfiKr.^.i M..u«,vinlHa ftam* Ualreal at Ablwita IjiBf l*,^ 
(or ta« ••■ o' MmMra aad Uielr ranilllaa lor Hull<la|. ot darjnr 

Ht\ rfl A ../tntrlhotlde t«iakr4. Fantral Xip«fti.e* ^heri It 1. needed 
k ^'1 ihfl,«« Bfr BTallatiie not tor Sdamtera onlf. balaltr 

..r Wl'Ina* BBd Vitunff Chlldrva 

[Mrnsent of itie ftU''M:rl|iUoa» eoafari aa alMUlaVe 
■ iii'At. )n all (jaaea of ■■»e<4. 
nfarnauna applT la tka BMratar^. Mr. OBUUOB 
varsoalar Ho*. BC. 

'I'lM'.KlliGB WKriLS.— APARTMKNTM. Com- 

I lortaWr raralahBd mitlaf H«>m a«4 (la< H^room Pleaiant 
^ ^ — ..,.-_ u u„M). (irv.i Hill |t««>t, Taubridft 

••4 easintl. It* eikar* takaa 

hHoviiiBMT iNnrri-trrtuM. 

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AJ^KBU HBMRY HANCB, Beq. (Ckalrmaa ol CommltU*). 

CHAKLCB AWltur, Baq., MA. 

OIURCTH -Thia InaUlnclon waa ealablUhed la IklD la tke CltJ nt 
|,iHkdc*n. andnr the rrvildencf c>f ilie late Aldeinian Mariner, lor 
Urmotinit I'en.lon. and TenipoiafT Aa.litaare to prlnclpaLi add 
aaalalanla eBrair^<3 aa r#-ndora oC aftaapapera. 

A DnnaLInn 1,1 IvA Oulnea* L>nB»tltqtea a Vliw-Pieald^nt an^ Vivea 
Itlre. irrtfl. ff<r life at all ,-lectinllii Pack lunation of lhrp« Oulneaa 
k1 *ea a fnto at all eleettnn. for life. Bverf aadhbI tiuti.crlber la 
rallllod to ooe tote at all eleelluna in reapert ul ea4.'k FUe HhtlUoga ao 

Mi'.l4nKRJ%Hn' — Rvery ni*n and wnman IhroaakoQt live (Jalt«4 
Klnidnnv whrthar pabllafcer, iihale«alar, rruiler, rniployer, or 
empioTrd. Ifl rniltled In heenme a itiemN^r of tkla Inatltotloa. and 
«njn; lu lienrflca upon payment of ilve ^hllllna• annaally or Three 
Oulneaa lor Life, piufldej tliai ke or ahe la ergaied la tka aaie of 

'I he principal reaiore* nf the Hoiea rovrmlnKvieetifln tnal) PeDftlnaa 
are. that eirk caodhlate tkall kkve beea^l > a mrnihcr nf the lb*IUiili<,B 
fur nut lr«« than ten reant preceding aDpllm'.Uio , r;- not le*« Ikan 
orii five yeara ol Bf e ; (3j aofBfad in the a^le of i;k«vij,aperf fur al 
leaet irn vearv 

IIBLIRK — lemporarr T'licl la (lean In eaaefl nf dlatreaa, not oalf 
to Menihrra ol the Inatltotlrkn. tint to newaveadora or their aerrarka 
who mar be reeonimended for aaaiatanoe br nientbera of the Inakltu- 
Unn leijnirj la made In <ac>i caaea hj VliiUaii L'nmniUleea. and 
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^ 1 Boio that 'Ike Leadeshall Treaa. I.ld , eananl ke 

< loaaolMnli bj Are or oUaralae Uapiitau euple* 



FKANCIK rrlnler af Ik. d<»i«,*,iir.. .>.,<». «„.t (t«<r>f.. Be. Ii 

prfpaiad m HUliMir mo'lMArBi* tor bii kinda i,l )«hiX NR\»a, 
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r H.A.S.. AMMlkM ot Hln(> L'allu*. Ixiodon. 1.*; Hesdvr In lh« 
l>l<ic«ir nf liochntnr, Aninnr nf -Onlnunl Motlnnt.' ■ H*mnrk.nbl« 
Cautiia,' ' HauiMknM* Bolipwa,' ' aitroBum; toe Uic Vuns(,' Ag 
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CTrCKPHAST PARTK is miles better llian aiim 

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tnr « MBiii* hnUM, lncin<ll<K Hmib. FH'torr. Knini' loaf Osan, 

trnliTM'' r— T". * " Of nil «uulo<Mn. MtekphnairnMatUeki. 

T»<TH BUmON, priM Tan RKUlInc*. 

PKLK8TIAL MOTIONrir a H»t..)f Book of 

Vy AMraannir Tcnih Ikllilaa flllhtrUMa Uy W. T. LTKir, 
a A. F H A H 
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KAMniON UlW, M*H«rul« « IM.. LiKim. 
tt>, r^iarauatar Itow. ILU 

TWBLfTH BDiriON, prica mipaaaa, otoUi. 

RRMAKKABLKCOHiCTB: a Brief Surrey of the 
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k^MP^o.f Luw MAIiantM A CO , Llsnm. 
Ut, »^t*rao«<«r Ko«. B.U. 

MOW RIAUT. prtaa lOa. U. b«c 


Q. ■ N K R A L 


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m 8. V. JA.X. 20. iwo J NOTES AND QUERIES. 


CONTENTS. -No, 108. 

KOTBS -■•CrmWnif": " Qnmbo." 41 -First Bo<ik Auclloni 

,. ..ii Imurnvrmciit, «:i -Stesenxin and 

■ try," 4«-Sew Yrar Ltlo^-Bsceriii: 

1 u.u— ■ Ctiarllr. He's my I)»»llng,' <5- 

•• il N ('..■■ 1-1. 

QUBMlHS:-PlilBlo or Piaerni Biiuliih-KiiiK K<lRttr iind 
the I'eii-oupa-"M*trr-polltAil toe"— Oene-nl La Pi'Vpe, 
4«i-"OiHN»ii, ■mill 111* uprmr wIM "— Mssscnuer Knmlly- 
• JuLuet" t;ijl»enit.y-Tow*r oC Loiidxi — HckuirM Kitz 
Urw— The Ci'inlmlu — Durhnm Orii.lii»lfs Sir OtorKe 
ITorijto, 17 — *nlh<M-i ol «^ui.l»lloiis W«nle.l -Sir R. Peel • 
rrmikc! MKI SUmpcd l.tueri- P.nmHii FnmlW — Sir 
0«T»M (ir 0»rreU) Plwrlwoal — UifVonililB yiin<>rM 
Custoni'i - Mcllicr ChrUlmM, *8 - ColllngwocKl i De- 

coen-U»t*. 4H. , ,,__ _ , ,, , 

ItBPLIBS.-K«mr, 49-C*Ulomi« "t MS3.— LfttnplielU In 
Ihv Sir»M,l. .-.l-St.lnei Brl.lK..-S*tiii*r Fumlly-Pucii' 
mitre-" Urliikliin* "' " DriiikitiuTlme "— AnlonloUnmiva 
I in KkkUuA, -':.' HiiM .f CiirUvunick— T»l»>*iK«, R3 — 

^^LT^t^i-Teit !■ "f"' Tiiwn and Coutiuy Mbk«- 

^BB*I>i«; ' -Scalli y -Cri.-Hftt - Herild»" ViMm 

^^■tlnna. Sorll. - Tlie I'.mrid, Kotilie^ler knw, 

^^B £1 — I^xndon l'« HlBtdry — Ofperi-tir Pulpflu, .V)- 
^^B Melion'i Slgnnl — GAriiHTh : ll« Proiiunnlntlon — Church 
^^V BpooiM — PaiiI Whiiehead, 51— C-'let on Pence «nd Wur- 
^^^ Mr. M«xh»y. Leli-entor Sqtiare Showmun— ' Uie Riiijf"— 
W Mlip-P"W'lerliiir Clo«eU-Bowet of Klf.'r.1-Tnitiil|tiir, 57. 
I JroriS ON nOllKS :-* a Niw BnglUU DicUoimry on Hl»- 
I I , iple*'— ' ArcliKolngy »iid F«1bc Prinulple*'— 

.if Mlclitl .le M"nUI({rir — "The Seven 
i . j.j of L 'ndon ■ — ■ Contitv el Suff.ilk *— ' A 

Sji.;Mfni>>iii U> I lie QlrNManr "t the lll»lei-'t uf Cumber- 
land '— ■ A Ilictif'n»ry of Indiau JJlogripliy." 
Booli«eller«' UalvloMitps. 
Natl<«* tu C<>rri»iH>ii(l«iit(. 

The former word, which lias developftd 
sach starllinn connotations in our time, is 
derive<l by the 'N.E.D.' either cUiectly from 
late Latin cmnhinare (c'jii-i-/jini), or indireclly 
from tlio name source through llie French 
comhiHfr. The EiiRlisIi word has been traced 
back to the fourteenth century, and the 
French to tlio thirteentli. Tlie Latin form 
is found in St. Augustine and Sidonius (a 
native of Gaul), and in glossaries. As fchere 
are, 1 bolieve, no analogous formations in 
Latin, I venture Ui suggest a Celtic origin 
for litis very interesting word._ 

That origin may bo found in eonibenttofus 
(" those who sat in the same Ijennn were called 
rontlennOMi, Feat, p. 2" ; cf. Comment., 
p. 347. A wagon of wicker or ba^^ket work 
IS Htill cnllerJ bniDu in Belgium, and Unne in 
Switzerland," liCwisand Short's 'Lat. Diet.'). 
M<n and hfn are the Welsh forms ; but there 
ia a third form in Welsh, more to the point, 
to wliich I Bhall return presently. 

It is well known that tho Latin term 
eovinus or tuiunnUK ia derived from a Celtic 
word which slill survives in common uso in 
Welsh ill the verbal form (ijimin. In the 
everyday life of WcUb hill-^idu farm there in 

no more important moment in the small boy's 
existence than when he is first allowed cifW'iin 
(Ttoair ("to carry the hay'), through the 
narrow lanes from meadow to rick-yard, in a 
car llui-j (" drag cart"). 

In The Spectator of 5 Sept , 1903 (p. 342) 
Sir William Laird Clowes gave some interest- 
ing extracts from tlie MS. letters written by 
James Cobb, secretary to the East India 
Company, during two long driving lours in 
1S15-1G. "In Wales," says Sir William, 

"Uobb noticed what lie Look lo \te an ingenious 
device for cvadinK the lax on wheeled vobiclcs. It 
consisted of a framework like the abafu of a one- 
horse chaise joined toKether by two or three 
traverse-btiards. The rear ends of llie F<hafts were 
shod and rounded, and rented ui>oti ilie ({round. 
The driver sat iniiuGdiately behind his home upon 
tlie traverse- board, whence, if he liked, he could 
atep forward and mount wiliiout first descending 
to the ground." 

I need not enlarge on this as a capital 
instance of the proneness of Englishmen to 
misjudge tho Welsh character. Clowes evi- 
dently believed in this tax-evading trick. 
Had he looked up 'Cart' in 'The Penny 
Cyclopaedia,' he would have found that 

"Ihe drag-cart without wheels, which is used ia 
sonic mountainous districts, is one of tlie ainiplest 
contrivances for transporting heavy weights. It 
consists of two stronR |H)les, from twelve lo fifteen 
feet lonR. connectc>d by cross iiiecos fixed at right- 
aoRles to then), by niorticinK or pinning, so that tlie 
poles may he two or three feet apart. About 
eighleen inches of the poles project beyond the 
lowest cross-piece, tho ends resting on the gronnd. 
The oilier ends uf the poles form the Khafts for the 
horse to draw by. The load is placed on the cross- 
pieces, over which boards are sometimes nailed, for 
the purpose of carrying stonea, or such things as 
might fnll through between the cross-bars. The 
horse bears one end of the drag-cart bv means of a 
common cart-collar or a breast-slrap. This veliiL-lo 
ia extremely useful in sleep and rough descents, 
especially to draw stones from quarries, and can bo 
made of roueh poles at little or no ex])en8e. Pieces 
of hard woo<l Htted under the ends of llie poles, and 
renewefl as they wear out, will ]irevent I lie ends of 
the drag cart from wearing away, and will allow ib 
to slide along more easily. 

That, with the addition of upright poles with 
their several cross-poles fitted into the shafts 
at right ang1e.s to the fore and rear cross- 
pieces, is an exact description of a car lluty 
(" drag-cart") as familiarly known to me iu 
my boyhood fifty years ago in Wales. The 
most noticeable part of it was the shafting, 
formed of entire young trees, like the Uonmii 
valU. These poles, too, are the most |ii-omi- 
nent part of the old Irish cur, which is fully 
dfscnljed in the same article in * The Penny 
Cj'clo media,' where tho inletesting statement 
is made that " the wheels of the carriages Qt\ 
iai]road« arc constructed oi\ U\fe \i\:v\\«i\\\^ <A 


NOTES AND QUERIES, [lo-^ s. v. j.t:,. 20. iwk 


those of the Iriali car." Pliny ('N.H.,' xviii, 
72) gives tlie earliest extant account of a 
European roapingmachiue tijus rendered in 
tlie article ' Reaping ' in 'Chambers's Eucy- 
clop^^dia' : — 

" In the extensive fields in the lowlands of Gaul 
%-an8 [?] of larKu size, with projecting; teelii on the 
edge, are driven on two wheels through the stand- 
iniBT corn by an ox yoked in a reverse position. In 
this manner the ears are torn off, and f«U into tiie 

Pliny'a word translated " vans " is vaUi. 
The illustrative cut from VVoodcroft's 
* Appendix to the .Specifications of Kng. 
Patents' is, I think, quite wrong. 

The Irish car figured in 'The Penny 
Cyclopsedia' article above referred to would 
be more like what Pliny calls vallum than 
the V shaped projection in Rich'.s 'Diet, of 
R. and G. Antiquities,' as I think will be 
clearly seen from the following rough trans- 
lation of Palladius, ' De Ro Ruslica,' vii : — 

"In the lowlands of Gaul they abridjje the task 
of reapiiiR in the foUowiui; manner, ivhich does 
away with the need of labourers, and cumpletea 
the entire o]ieration by the helj) of a xiiisJe ox. 
A two-wheeled car is made whose four-siiled floor is 
edj;ud with boards sinning outwards, so as to in- 
crease its capacity. The board at the forward end 
is *hallower, to which uumemus rea])inj{-hook(i. 
with their points curving upwards, are attaclied, 
and adjusted to the heii;ht of the standing corn. 
At the tail vf tiie car two short poles {/cmouts} are 
ehaped like the handles of a litter, to which an ox 
is yoked and harnessed, with his head towards the 
vehicle. He is 8o thoroughly broken in to tlie work 
that be ohevs the driver's sliKhteRt motion. As 
soon as the latter turns his r.iachine into the stand- 
ing oroji, and proceeds to raise and lower the hooks 
from beliiiid. ho as to catch llie corn-eara only, dis- 
regardiiiii the straw, every ear, as it is caught and 
cut, drops into the lieap in the car, and the entire 
field is rapidly reaped in a few turns of the machine 
back and foie across it. Thi« plan is well adapted 
to flut an<l level ground, aud where the Straw is 
considered of no value." 

Tiie original is by no means free from 
difficulty. I luay add that Mr. Mark Liddell 
has recently edited the fifteenth - century 
English verso translation of the work, 

iJere it is not diflicult to explain Pliny and 
Palladiua from each other. The latter's 
leinones are simply I'liny's valli, whicli were 
for this special service more carefully fiiushcd 
than was usual, for the double reason that 
the animal would be yoked to them in a 
special way, and that the carter would be 
cont^tantly liandling one of them a.s ho walked 
beside the o\{n'jt sitting on the front of the 
car, as in VVoodcroft's cut), thus reminrling 
Palladius of the handles of a litter. This 
Gaulish reaping car, then, which Palladius 
calls carjicnluin (its GauHtih name in all pro- 
hihilirv — the corresponding Welsh word is 

cerbijd), is what Pliny calls vallum, from the 
fact that it was a wheeled adapiatiou of the 

In the 'N.ED.' the Welsh dragcart U 
called a fjaviLo, or rather, the rmvifjo is 
explained as a drag-cart on the authority of 
Downes, the author of 'The Mountaiu 
Decameron.' I have already (in LiUrntut«, 
13 Oct., ItiOO, 'The Sin-Eater in South 
Wales ') said that Downes nowhere shows any 
familiarity with the modes of life and 
thought of the Welsh peasantry ; and his 
use of the word </a»jVjo for the drag oart i^ 
an instance of that lack of familiarity. The 
South Wales ;/aw(tci is like the "Seoteh carl 
with movable frame" figured under tlie 
article ' Uart ' in ' Chamlwrs's Encyclopn?tli».' 
Had the editors of the 'N.E D.* known that» 
they might probably have attaclied more 
imi)ortance than they seem to have done to 
the form "agambo" of "akimbo" when 
dealing with the latter word. The croaking 
out of the arms, almost at right angles to the 
shoulders, is an easy metaphor from the 
lateral projection of a loaded gamboouits 
movable frame. The quotation for *' agambo' 
in the *N.E D.' is from IJulwer, the "chiro- 
sopher " (seventeenth century). 

As a proof tliat the sole authority of the 
'N.E.D.' for de.scribing ijitmUt as a wheelless 
vehicle is wrong, and ihat I am right, I need 
only adduce the evidence of a competent 
witness— David Owen ("Brutus"). In his 
witty but attack on the Weluh Div 
.senting ministry, MVil Rrydydd y Coed,' he 
gives a burlesQue sermon on the ** wheel " of 
the prophet Ezekiel, "This wheel it is,' 
cries the preacher, "that drives .the gambo 
of salvation ! ' The phra-so ^subsequently 
enjoyed an extensive circulation as clerical 
slang in Wales. Some years after the appear- 
ance of *Wil Brydydd y Coed' in the//riu/ 
(1863-5\ there was a large clerical gathering 
at Abergwili (or Carmarthetj), under the 
presidency of Bishop Thirl wall. The Rev. JF. 
Jones, of Llansadwrn, an eloquent and 
popular divine, was a])pointed to preach. 
He happened to take tor Ida text the very 
.same verse of Ezekiel that the greut " Wil" 
had preached from. Instantly ,n in 

spread over every face, and an an ■.<:^Tt 

that no amount of blowing of noies or tits nf 
cooghing could conceal, ran thrimgh the 
reverend assembly. '"fhe bishop lnoktsi 
puzzled and displeased," luy informant, who 
was present, told me. 

I have written at much greater length than 
I had intended ; but I have sn " ' ' 
hope, in impressing the readier v 
that the special Coltio aptitttde h>r maijcr? 



lo-- 8. V. Ja>. 20. 1906 ) NOTES AND QUERIES 

vehicular would undoubtedly give riae to 
vehicular metaphors. That being granted, I 
trust that my suggestions (1) that tjnvibo is 
akin to comfjfnnones, and (2) that combennonef 
explains cowiiinrt re better than con-¥fjini, may 
not be regarded as too foolisli to warrant 
discussion. J. P. 0«"en. 


(See 9»'' B. vi, 86s 150. 31 », 391) 
That Dr. L. Searaan's sale. 31 Oct., Ifi76, 
was the first book auction in England cannot, 
I think, be doubted. In the preface to this 
catalogue the auctioneer says : — 

" ll liaih not been usual here in EngUnd to make 
Sale of Books by way of Auction, or wlio will give 
nioBt for them: But it having been practiseci in 
other Countreys to the Advantage both of Buyers 
and iSeUem ; It was therefore conceived (for the 
Encourngement of Learning ) to publish the Sale of 
these lioukei this manner of vroy; and it is hoi>ed 
that thia will not be unacceptable to tschollers." 

On p. 30 of W. Rea*s auction catalogue, 
19 June, 1082, the auctioneer, W. Cooper, 
gives a complete list of Males by auction up to 
that date, as follows ; — 

"To Buppir the vacancy of this pAge, and to 
gralitie the CuriouR, whoae Genius may lead them 
to make perfect iheir Collection, I have CAU3e<9 to 
be Printed the Names of those I'erBons whose 
Libraries have been sold by Auction, and the aeries 
of the time when. 

1. D L. Seaman, Oct. 31. 1670. 

2, M. Th. Ki.liier. Feb. (t. lOTOT. 

a M. Wil. (Jreeuhill, Feb. IS, KuTS. 

4. 1). Th, Miiiil.»n, Mar. 25, 1078. 

5. 1). Benj. Worslt-y. iMay 13. 167>i. 

«. U Jo. Godolplun. M. Ow. I'liilips, Nov. 11, 
7. I). Giib. Voeiius, Nov. 25, 1C78. 
H, Lord Brook. 1). Gabr San^ar, Deo. 2, 1C7S. 

9. M, Moses I'it, e Theatre Oxon, Feb, 24, 

10. .M. St Walkins, D Th. Shirley, Ap|>end. M. 
Rich. Chiswcl. Jun. 2. 1079. 

M. SirEdw. Bish, Nov. 15, 1C79. 
12. M. Jon. Edwin, Bibl., cum Append. M. Dan, 
Mar. 29. II WO. 
i:i. Sir Ken. Di^by, Apr. 19, HWO. 

14. >L St. Charnock. Oct- 4. 16S0. 

15. D. Th. Watson. Oct, 8, IIWO. 

10. M. Abell Roper, Bibl., Nov. *22, 1680. 
17. D. H. Stubb, I) DillinRlmm. D. Th. Vincent, 
D. Canton, M Jo. Dunton. Nov. 29, 1680. 
IS. Ed. I'almer, I':«q., Feb. 14. 16fiO/l. 
I». I). Th. Jesiop. 1). Castell, Feb. 21. 1080,'l. 

20. M. h'am. Brook, Mar. 21, 1680 I. 

21. M. tJeo. La WHOP, M Geo. Fawler, M. Ow, 
Sloclcden, M. Th, Brooks. May :«. 1681. 

22. Pol. C^rdnoell, JuneO, l«8l. 
2:1. M. Nip Lloyd, Julv 4. hJSl. 
24 D, N. l'«Ket, Uct. 24. lliSI, 

25, .M R. Bulto«i, M. Th. Owen, M. Wil. Hoel, 
Nov, 7. ItiSl. _ 

20. Cbr. NNilkiiwon, Th. Dring. Bibl., Dec. 5, 

27. D. Wil. Outram, D. Th. Ga taker, Dec. \'X 


2H. Robert Croke. Yjta., Feb 23. lt>8l/2. 

29. Mr. Richard Smiili, May 15. 1CK2. 

30. Walt. Kea, Esq., June 19, 1082." 

This list seems disiutereate<i, and not a 
self • advertisement on the part of the 
auctioneer. I have seen many of the cata- 
logues mentioned in the, and, though 
acme of the sales were held by Cooi>er, several 
were held by other auctioneers. 

Edward R II arris. 

5, Sussex Place, Regent's Park, N. W. 


( Concluded from p. 2. ) 

The new Courts of Justice form a grand 
group at the City boundary formerly marked 
by Temple Bar, there .seen no longer. The 
Courts have made a last stand for Gothic» 
and, so far as the appearance of the metro- 
jjolis is concerned, with great success; but 
equal satisfaction seems not to have beea 
found with the interior accommodation. 

Railway stations iieces.sarily take their 
places among the prominent erections since 
the forties. The conditions impo.sed on them, 
render their architecture difficult. An. 
clovation towards the street is practicable, 
but this forms only a screen to hide tlie- 
purely atilitariftii character of the railway 
rear. Great attempts have l>een made at 
Paddington, Charing Cross, Cannon Street, 
Liverpool Street, and St, Pancra.s. Their 
stylo, witli the excei)tion of the last named,, 
is perhaps a kind of colossal Italian. That 
at Chiiring Cross seems to apologize for 
ttH intrusion into an historic locality by 
exhibiting a costly reproduction of the former 
Gothic memorial to the "Chore Ifeine" with. 
whom willing, but mistaken conjecture lias 
a.saociated the local name. At fcjt. Pancras 
a bold attempt was made to show that a- 
medin-val form might be given to an erection 
of the railway period, and very jiandsomo- 
the elevation is; but when a glimpse is. 
caught of the practical rear the forced bleud 
of associations is not happy. 

Trafalgar Square, " the finest site ia. 
Europe,' is now almost old. The architecture 
of the Regency in tlie National Gallery is not 
much esteemed, hut its situation savea it.. 
The effigy of Nelson makes somewhat 
strange use of tlie colo.H8aI Corinthian 
column ; but it has become .sacred to ti.e 
nation's hero, and woe to the uedile wlio 
would molest it ! Landseer's lions, too,, 
are there ; and around the famous little 
admiral other heroes have mustered. XVv^- 
fountains are still uicCk^re, ^wA., V^^^^. 


NOTES AND QUERIES, tio* a. v. Jas. ao. woe. 

tho oilier ornamental waters of the capital, 
«wait the con«uiumation of a greater 
supply. The moat beautiful feature of the 
square— the portico and spire of St. Martin's 
— has been in difficulties, owing to the narrow- 
oess of the street afLer the building of the 
National Portrait Gallery ; but .St. Martin's 
has happily not sutt'ered. Poor Kinji Charles, 
representoti by hi'j mounted eHigy, calmly 
foraeea disturbance by the advent of the 
Mall, greatly wi(iened and l)eautilie<l since 
'his last sad paratie aloni; it. " Her Majesty's," 
«s we knew it in the days of Gri^i, Mario, 
and Lablache, has gone, and "His Majesty's,"' 
a fine new theatre, stands on part of the site. 
Opposite is the old house " the Haymarket," 
•dear in our memories, and now clean and 
virile iu new paint ; and the Haymarket 
f)ropcr is handsomer and l>ett-cr in cliaracter. 
llegent Street of the llegency has held its 
•own, and is still the fine street of the West 
End ; but the houses otico thought stately are 
being dwarfed bv those on the newer and 
jgrander scale, 'fhe Quadrant Colonnade— 
wliich was the pri<le uf its day, ami, indeed, 
was unique and handsome— had had but 
thirty years of existence when removed at 
the close of the forties. It was regretted, 
•bat its lesthetic value diii not compensate 
the practical merchant for inconveniftnce 
8uffere«l iu its classic .shade. A few of its 
iron Doric nillars have remaineti in the 
-openings to l>y streets ; but these, too, will 
probably follow their departe<l fellows in 
the immense clearance now being made of 
at. James's Hall and adjoining buildings, 
the successors to which we await with much 
interest. The new monster block to be 
•reat-ed will also have much to do with 
Piccadilly, which famous thoroughfare has 
during the contemplated -space of years seen 
several new erection.s, that perhap-i of para- 
mount interest being the increased elevation 
of Burlington Ilousu^ the home of art, a 
■work, of course, not approved by all critics. 
The Loudon University uuildings at the rear 
of Burlington House are worthy of a more 
prominent site. 

The grand Place opened out at Hyde Park 
-Corner had attention in my former note, yet 
as the just pride of Londoners one is tempte<i 
to return to it. In its tine curve<i roads 
of liljeral width, and intervening ornamental 
spacer, it is not only worthy of a great city, 
but also an example of eflicient control of the 
tremendous tratlic of London at a moetiug- 
place where it ha<l threatene*] to become 

'• ^•■■-'r»ablc. The Iron Duke who here 

is le-ss colossal, but more artistic, 
I'ormer presentment, now placed at 

' Aldorshot ; and the handsome arch of Deeima« 
1 Burton, no longer encumlwred by the ponder- 
ous statue, has been raovoil, ston - nc, 
I and now stands with greater ine;i he 
gate of the I'alace avenue. Consti; . Mill. 
The young trees are already an eviii m: . lini- 
ment, and will in a few years a lil j;»«-*»t 
beauty tn "Hyde Park Corner"— tlie old 
name, which is now anomalous, but which 
we hope will always be retained. 

Notliing can be more interesting to the 
Londoner than to observe — say from tlie 
roof of an omnibus — the gradual trans- 
formation or rebuilding taking placo along 
the route. He is pained sometimes by the 
removal of houses and public edifice.s which 
have become obsolete, but to which long fami- 
liarity had attached him. He ha.s even seen 
with regret the nulling down of the massive 
walls of sullen old Newgate Prison. On the 
site has risen a stately new Criminal Court. 

East of Newgate we now find a large 
vacant space where once we watched the 
blue-gowned, yellow-stockinge<l boys— suc- 
cessors of the Grey Friars— in their play- 
ground fronting tlie famous school now 
transferred to Horsham. The great aridition 
to the Post Office which is to rise here wilJ 
scarcely be of equal interest. 

Along the main thoroughfare* we mark 
the mixing of the old and the tiew, the 
contrast between the housing and trade 
requirements of the pa-st and the present. 
The small old houses with venerahle li\ed 
roofs fwep out behind grand new {rot\Ui 
with huge plate-glass wiiidow.t, or are 
squeezed hetween modern blocks of immense 
magnitude. In this the progre^ss of the age 
is seen, and also the deliberate and law^I 
action of a free people. Thus bit by bit 
London is slowly renewed, and is grori'aally 
winning- as this very brief and inipfilfect 
survey may have tendtnl to show— a place In 
the first rank of beautiful cities. 

W. L. Kt.TTOX. 

Stevenson .\Nn Scott; " ITerii-.v ir. . 
— In 'The Wrecker '(chap, vii 
18^2) Pinkerton, whose philo 
Stevensonian to the core, speaks n 

" Here's a *kotoh aiivortiaemenl. i 
eye over it. .S'i»<i, 0'-o>ii\ anil ,M ■ 
helxlorimdarr vicnica 1 That 'e 
rhrue, ' heliiiomAtUry,' iliougli 
I niaiie a unt« of it when 1 m" 
dictioDAry liow to a|i«U hr- 
j'uu're K Ih)»» wortl.* I wikI. ' |; 
niii'li oliJur, I 'II h»v«i you in tji 
»cH.' And her« it ia, you aeo." 

Ue-rcading Scott, I have oonie acrois 

following :— 



• • 



ic* b. V. Jaj. 20. igoo.} NOTES AND QUERIES. 


" With some difficulty a waiter was prevailed 
a)>uii to «how Col. Mdnneriiig and Diunioiit the 
room where Iheir friend, learned in tiin law, held 
his heUdotn&dtl carousals." — 'Guy Manuering,' 
vol. ii. chi]). vii. 

Hob Roy, was, I have heard, 8o favourite 
a character with Stevenson, that ho clierisliecl 
the i(i»m tliat his family were really Mac- 
gregors under an itlfii- Now in Scott's 
• Rob Uoy ■ (chap, iv,), I find :- 

"The viila and hnniorials, the distinguished 
worthies of the town or villaKO, the njtotnccary, 
the attorney, even the curate himself, did nob 
disdain to imrtake of this helnloniadal festivity.'' 

lu tiie sante chapter, a little lat«r, I read : — 

*' As mine host's {volitics were of that liberal 
description which quarrelled with no good 
ca«Voiiier, his hebdomadal visitants were often 
divi'led in Iheir opinion." 

May not these associatinna of "heb- 
doma^lal ' with festivity have impressed 
themselves on Stevenson's singularly recep- 
tive brain, and reappeared in the fonu above 
3uoted j There is, of course, the " Heb- 
omadal Council " at Oxford, but Stevenson 
And Pinkerton were alike, I think, in 
knowing little of Oxford. Tlie ' X.E.D. ' gives 
one only of the references for tfte word in 
Hcott, and, instead of the pas-sage in ' Tlie 
Wrecker,' aD allusion to it in The ^jKitkcr, 

Loudon Dodd, 

New Ykar Luck.— Some peculiar things 
are atill done with the iticoruing of the new 
year. To ensure luck to herself during the 
present year, and also to the where 
tor the time ^hc lives, the servant of one of 
my noigiilwurj tied a piece of string to a 
lump of coal just before midnight of the old 
year, laid the string across the doorsill, and 
afterwanls. as the clock at the church was 
striking the hour of twelve, opened the door. 
As Doon an the last stroke sounded, she 
pulled the piece of coal into the house, in 
this way making sure tliat something came 
into the bouse before anything was taken 
out of it. This bringing in ensured good 
luck all the year. If anything had gone out 
first — herself, for instance — the year would 
bring luck njore or less of a serious nature. 

An old man who was in service at one of 
the greater houses near hero made it a 

Sractice for fifty years <up to the year of liis 
eath) to brit)g. on the last stroke of twelve 
•4 the year died, something into the house— 
a log of wood, a bushel of corn, or a skopful 
of s<mic farm protluce ; and, as my informant 
(a l«iv, by tlm way) said, there was always 
lack during tiio thirty yeara or so she had 
known tliat house. 

1 remember as a lad in Derbyshire how on 

several occasions, when the old year passed 
away, the door was thrown oi>en, and the head 
of tiie house stood bareheade<l in thedoorway, 
the rest of us standing behind, while one of 
the men, by arrangement, brought something 
over the doorstone. before anything or any 
one went out. The bringer-in took something 
out when he went away, thus making the 
year's luok certain both ways. 

rin ihe West KidiiiK i' was unlucky for the person 
who first entered to come empty- handed. He 
should not, moreover, bring anythinK that had 
been killed— as Kame. Uysters were permissible.] 

Bactebia : Early Notice.— The following 
passage from Varro, ' Do Re Ruatica,' aeem» 
very striking in view of recent discoveries. 
He is speaking of the dangers of " loca 
palustria " : — 

"Crescunt animalia (puvduin niinuta. Qu^- non 
possiint oculi cousequi, et per aera intua in GoqtUB 
l>er OS ao oares iwrveniunt, atqiie etficiunt ditiicilea 

Herbert A. Stronu. 

The University, Liverpool. 

Elsdon. — The lines on Eladon village 
quoted by AFr. Pukford at lO"" S. iv, 376, 
form the first of four stanzas of a rime by 
George Chatt, a Norlhurabrian verse-writer. 
The piece is to be found ou p. 53 of hi* 
'Miscellaneous Poems' (Hexham. 1S6GV 
Chatt was the son of a farmer, and wa-s by 
turn agricultural labourer, private soldier, 
and journalist. He riieil at Cockermoutli on 
H November, 18(K). after having edited J'he 
Wtst Cumberland 2'imet for about sixteen 
years. A Hexham antiquary told me re- 
cently that a local vicar— new to the district 
— once gave great offence to the Elsdon 
folks by quoting the rime in his cliurcii 
magazine. This may be the source of Mr. 
PicivKOttD's cutting. Joux OxBBRfiy. 


'Charlie, He's my DARLt?fo.'— The alert 
and definitive authorities who furnish reader* 
of the newspapers with literary iiifoTmation 
have just circulated a report that Mr. T. V. 
Henderson has traced "ISurns's 'Charlie is 
my Darling' ' to its source. Mr. Henderson, 
ever since he wrote with Mr. Henley regard- 
ing the Scottish poet, has been considered a 
leading factor in the movement by which 
Burns is to bo proved merely an outcome, 
and not an original force. What he himself 
has intimated on the subject may probably 
corao up for consideration hereafter ; mean- 
while, it may not be amiss to say a word on 
the misleading slalomenb that has boeu 
widely published throug!) the medium of tlv« 
newspapers. In the fid&t y^«jcc, ^ ^^SvAx^x^ v*. 



tlO'k 8. V. Jan. 20, 1900. 

my Darling ' is by Lady Nairne, and there is 
no aong under the same title aHsociated with 
Burns, 'Chdilie, He's my Darling,' being 
that which lia^ been doubtfully assigneri to 
him by some of his editors. Secondly, Burna 
never claimed this particular lyric as his, and 
there is nothing ia it that is indicative of his 
manner. lie sent it, as he sent other anony- 
TQOus things, to Johnson's Mimical Muteum, 
aud it has been gratuitously asHumed that, 
" as it was never seen in print before," it may 
fairly be claimed as his own composition. 
This uncritical judgment is very unjust to 
the poet's memory, and it furnishes a special 
opportunity for such conclusions as Mr. 
Henderson s followers are ready to draw from 
the results of his investigations. Tlie pro- 
bability', however, is that what has been 
discovered is the original Jacobite lyric of 
which that given in the Afusiral Museum is 
a version, and if so it will bo interesting to 
see whether or not Burns edited his material. 
That is absolutely all that can como of this 
portentous revelation. So far, the poet's 
laurels remaia untarnished. 

Thomas Bayne. 

"B.N.C."-In Tliierae-Preusaer's 'German 
Dictionary' (revised edition, 1883)— a book 
with a large sale— I find (\t. (58): "B.N.C. = 
Brazen Nose College (beriihmtes Bierlocal) ! " 

I am not a B.N.C. man, H. C— N. 

Wk must request correspondenL* desiring In- 
formatioit on family nmlters of only private inlereat 
to affix their names ami addresae* to their qu6rie«, 
ia order Lliat answers may be sent to Liieni direct. 

PirM-iN OR Pjgkox E.n'olish —Can any on© 
tell when this appellation came into use ? I 
seem to remember it in 1864, but no quotation 
has been sent to us before 1876, and an 
earlier one will be welcome. Mr. James 
Platt, to whom we are so much indebted for 
his successful investigation of the history of 
words derived from far-off languages, or used 
in far-oif English, in sending us a quotation 
from S. W. Williams's 'Middle Kingdom,' 
€d. 1883, vol. ii. p. 402, "They do business in 
the jargon called Pigeon English," has called 
our attention to the fact that in the original 
edition of 1848 the words used were "the 
Canton English.'' This would seem to show 
that " pidgin English " was not in use in 
1848, or at least not considered worthy of 
appearing in print. J. A. H. Mukkay. 

Ki.Nc. Edgae and the PEft-CDPa.— As is no 
doubt known to mo«t readers of 'N. «k Q.,' it 

is stated in Hone's * Year- Book,' under date 
18 April, 

" Kiuc Edgar, in order to restrain tl iling 

habit of druiikeiineBS, wliioh had be- >sn 

amotiK his Fniloccts liy the Danes, l.- .or 

peKS to be fixed in driiikiait-cups, anii oiUaiued a 
puaisliineDt to those who drank below their proper 

One finds a similar statement in many 
writers of the last three centuries, and even 
earlier, for in 1592 Nashe, in ' Pierce Penni- 
less' (Shaks. Soc). 54, tells us 

'* King Kdgar caused certaino yron cups to b* 

chaiued to everie well, and at cvene vinluer'stloor, 
with yron pins in them, to stint etiery ntan how 
much he should drinke; and he that went b«yond 
one of those pins forfeyled a peniiie for evena 

According to which Nashe seem^ to have 
thought that water-drinking needed stinting 
as much as beer drinking. 

But I do not want now to raise the ^reat 
ouestion oi jwf-eups or j>f;/ t/inknids, which 1 
daro say has been discussed to the bottom in 
*N. & Q.' years ago. All I want to know is. 
What is the original authority that attributes 
to King Eflgar the measure alleged, or at 
least where aoeu the story first appear? I 
know, of course, about the Council or Synod 
of London in 1102, which ordained ** T't 
presbyteri non cant ad potatiouea, nee ad 

finnas bibant " ^ but whatever this meant — 
ulier rendered it "<lrink at pins'"— it was a 
long time after the days of Edgar. Did tho 
latter make any similar ordinance] 

J. A. H. MtTRUNV. 

[Dr. Mcrbat ii right in supposing thaV^ien jo 
drinkinj; vessels have been tulty discuMM in 
*N. &Q.' Many articles will be found in D** & 
iv., ix.J 

"Metroi'OUTan toe."— What u the allu- 
sion in the following passage 1 — 

"The B|ite8t embleme of the Prelate himwelffr 
Who being a pluralist, may under one Surplio* 
which 18 also linnoD. hide foure benetlces besides tiM 
metropolitan toe."— 1643. Milton, 'Apology far 
Hmect.,' Works, 1851, vol. iii- 275. 

The phrase seems to have been current, as it 
occurs again : — 

"When .^rch-bisliop Abbot vru mapcnded vs 
might say his metropolitan U>e was cut off." — 1073^ 
R. Leigh, 'Traasp. Reh.,' 127. 

Clarendon Pren. 

Ge.vkual La Poypr — Genenil L» Pojrp* 
was made prisoner in St. D.»Hiirnro in iJiOJ 
by our troops, and brought I u|. C)u 

any reader of * N. >L (^.' giv. fita*to 

the most likely place to Ion' «f 

this French officer and h; tn^ 

was captured with him and divn m r.nkMnndl 


M* F. V. Jan. 20. 1966 ] NOTES AND QUERIES. 

I understand the general was well treated, 
and lived in one of our Southern shires, and 
was ou guod terms with the gentrj' of the 
district. K. B. Makston. 

"OcEAS, 'mid nis urEOAR wixD."— 1 am 
engaged in editing for the Arckiv f. X. Spr. 
three of Coleridge's letters, which the poet 
wrote from Germany on his tour through 
the Uarz mount^iinH, and I 6nd a quotation 
from a poet which I unable to trace. I have 
sought it in vain in tlie quotation books of 
Wood, Bartlett, Dalbiac, and Bohn. The 
quotation has a Bj'ronish tinge; it runs : — 
Ocean, 'mid hie uproar wild, 
Speak* aafety to nis Island Child ! 

The poet quotes these verses in comparing 
a "miserable post" with the words "Pays 
neutre" on it to the natural defence of Eng- 
land by the ocean. I shall be very grateful 
for information concerning their author. 
Dk. Euxch Vollmer. 
D. Wilmeradorf b. Berlin. 

[We renall two line* which somewhat resemble 
those quoted by Dr. V\illmbR4 — 

And never wa* heard such an outcry wild 
As Welcomed to e«rth the ocean child. 
Tliey occur in Bryan Waller Procter's song beginning 
The sea, the sea, the open sea.] 

Mes.senc;eu Family. for.merly of Foun- 
tains AND Cayton.— I should be glad to 
have information about the above— especially 
from the dat« of Dugdale's Visitation, 1664, 
and the extinction of the family about 1806. 
11. Trappbi Lomax. 

The Manor House. Chatbura, Clilhcroe. 

"James" UNivEnsiTY. — Can any reader 
inform mo what is the I'niversity referred 
to under the name of " Jaroes" in the catch 
quoted below, which I have found in a col- 
lection called 'Catch that Catch Can,' by 
Jame« Hilton, 1G52 ?— 

Aa there be tiirce blew beans in a blew Bladdor, 
Aod thrice three rounds in a Iod^ ladder ; 
A* there be three nooks in a corner (Jap, 
And three cornerK and one in a Map ; 
Kven so, like unto these, there be three Univer- 

Oxford, Cambridge, and James. 

10, Kiag'a Bench Walk, Temple. 

Tower of Ix)ndon-.— A friend of mine has 
diligently sought, with a view to purchase, 
a second-hand copy of Britton and Brayley's 
* Memoirs of the Tower of Ix)ndon,' London, 
1830, 8vo, 374 pp. Among the illustrations 
are representations of the execution of Lady 
Jane Grey, the moat, and the Traitor's Qate. 

Appeal is now made to your helpful pageir, 
in the hope that some reader may know of a 
copy for sale. EociENE F. McPiKK. 

21X1, Kael 42nd Street, Chicago, U.S. 

Reginalu Fitz Urse. — Can any of your 
readers kindly tell me where 1 can obtain 
information as to the life — preferably 
domestic— of Reginald Fitz I'rse, one of the 
murderers of Thomas a Becket 1 

C. R. Stone. 

nelencbourne, Abingdon, Berks. 

The Con'dado.- In December, 1G52, soon 
after the unfortunate battle off Dungeness. 
a cruiser attached to the Dutch fleet picked 
up. off Dover, "a flyboat of London coming 
from the Condado with figs, the merchant 
being named William Watts." Condado, 
which is also written Comlnte, seems to bo 
the Spanish of the Italian contado and the 
English county, and in itself is a general and 
utterly vague term. A seventeenth century 
Italian atlas wltich I consulted has, in the 
very neigh bourhoi>d of the Straits of Dover, 
Contado di Hollandia, di Flandra, and di 
Bolonia— probably also many others in inany 
different neighbourhoods. All these apoear 
to be outside the limit of inquiry ; as well as 
the several inland towns of S[)ain called 
Condado. I take it that " the Condado" 
named was a maritime district— not a 
town — from which figs were habitually 
brought, though not necessarily grown 
there. Will some one familiar with the 
history of the fig trade please help tne to 
identify it? 

I do not know whether the name William 
Watts may suggest anything, but in 1727 
one Richard Watts was factor at Smyrna. 
J. K. Lai'ijiiton'. 

Dltrham Ghaduates.— I should be glad to 
receive information ctmceruing the following : 
Anderson. Philip, L.Th., 1838. 
Dal ton, Thomas. B.A., 1838. 
Davison, John, L.Th.. 1836. 
Grieve, John, L.TIi , 183(J. 
r.riftith, Henry Deer, B.A., 1837. 
Mackay, William, L.Th., 1838. 
Massie, Charle.s, L.Th., 1836. 
Pratt, Roljert Forster, B.A., 1836. 
Robinson, llalpli, B.A., 1836. 
Watson, William Thomas. B A., 1836. 

W. C. Boulter. 
28, Queen's Road, Bayswater, W. 

Sir George Yo.voe.— Can any of your 
correspondents give me particulars of Sir 
George Yonge, who is referreii to in 'The 
Life of .Sir John Beverly Robinson' (Chief 
Jastice of Upper Canada), by his son, Major- 


NOTES AND QUERIES, tio'" 8. v. j.uv. 20, \m. 

General Robinson (Rlaclcwood, 1894)? Sir 
George is there raentiojied {cliap. i. ij, 11.). «w 
Secretary of State in 1788. 1 should l>e glad 
to hear what h known of his life, parentage, 
Ac. E. S. M. 

[There is a full account in the ' D.N.B.'] 

AuTJions OF Quotations Wanted :— 

When love uniteH, wide space divide** in vain ; 
And hands may clasp across the spreading main. 


T!ie Ihiiuder dowti ihe dark ravine 
Crushed ratilicig front ou high. 


Sir R. Pekl's Feasked and Stamfed 
Letters.— In 1846 Sir Robert Peel wrote two 
letters to John Sinpletoii, Esq., of Quinvillc, 
CO. Clarf, concerning tiie IrisJi famine. Both 
of the fine envoiope^ were franko<l as well aa 
stamped. Is any oLlier example of this phila- 
telic curiosity known to exist ] It seems that 
about 1838 Peel franked tlxmsatids of i>eautj- 
ful envelopes forhicn.seif and friends, not tlieti 
anticipating the Act of 1840. His envelopes 
being the finest then known, he complied 
with llie law by ad(Jing the penny Htamp to 
the innocent *• frank." I believe that it is 
little known that he was most liberal wiiti 
his franked envelopes, a-s I have seen some 
of ttieoi covering letters of his politicat 
opponents. Ja.s. Uayks. 

Church (Street, Eiinit. 

PoRTMAN Family.— From an article on the 
Portman family nndei* ' Political Pen Pic- 
tures 'in 2'ht King of 23 Dec, 100.'), I cull the 
following extract : — 

" Far more ancient than eillinr of these fSonier- 
■et] fuinilies is that nf tjia Porlnians of Oroliard 
Portman. The 'Men of tii* (Jalo' were alrendv 
fKnious in the days of the warrior king li^dward I. 
They have ever *i nee played an important jiart in 
our national history." 

What authority is there for supposing that 
Portman = the "Men of tlie Gate " ? an<l 
what mention is there of them in history ? 

IL T. 

Sir Geraud (ou Oarkett) Fleetwood. — 
He was of Crawl<«y, Hants, the second or 
third son of Sir William Fleetwood, of Cran- 
ford. Middlesex, Ifeceiver of the Court of 
Wards, by iiis wife Joan, sister to Gervase, 
Lord Clifton i)f Leighton Bromswold. He 
was knighted U July, KW3 ; Ranger of 
Wowlstock Park. 1611 ; M.P. for Woodstock 
in 1G25 and 1620. A Rovalist in the Civil 
War, he compounded for liia delinquency on 
16 December, 1G47, being fined 57o/. At the 
same time he was asfteaoed at AWI.; but 
upon provitig that hia debtx were rnorc than 

the total value of his estate, this assessmeut 
was remitted. He ia said to have married 
Isabel, daughter of Hercy Neville, of Grove, 
Notts, and widow successively of Sir John 
Harper and Sir J'eter Presclieville, Kt. 
(Hunter's ' Faro. Jklin. Gen.,' iv. 1233). 
" Isabel, lady tHeetewood, wife of Sir 
Garrett fHoetewof»de," was buried at Bath 
Ablwy, 24 November. 1G42 <^<ienciihiffht, \\, 
N.S. »4). When did Sir Gerard die f He 
waa still living on G May, 1601, when he was 
further fined ml. for a portion of his e<)tate 
not previously compounded for, but mast 
then have been in advanced years. Ue i<« 
said to have died without issue, but lie had 
at least on% son, Dutton Fleetwood, who 
matriculated at Queen's College, Oxford, 
11 October, 1G31), aged sixteen. 

W. D. PiSK. 

Lowton, Newton-le-Wjllowa. 

Devossuirk Funeral Cdstoms.— I have 
been spending Christmas at the vicarage of 
a small village in Devonshire, ami noticed 
there two things which were new to me. but 
which I was told are the regular custom 

1. On the morning of the day on which « 
funeral is to take place, one of the ohurcli 
bells is rung at eight o'clock for about fire 

2. On the following Sunday the moarnera 
come to church, and together occupy the 
same seat, but take no part iu the service, 
remain seated all through it, use no books, 
but frequently apply their handkerchiefs lo 
their face.s. Is this a practice followed in 
many villages? Thomas Rrrr. 

[Many articles on the observance tti MouniinR 
Sunday will be found in »"' S. ix., x., xi.] 

Mother Chbistma.%. — It is somewhat 
strange timt this expression is far frum 
common — almost unknown. In connexion 
with children's plea-sures the mother corner 
first, and father keeps a backseat, except at 
the Christmas season, when it is P'ather 
Christmas and Daddy Christmas from bottom 
to top of the house. At any rate, thai 
was my experience when a lad. before ray 
faith in the deeds of Father Christmas wan 
broken. Now and tlien a child would ask 
about the Mother Christmas, but this was 
rare, and socni-s a bit surprising, since luolher 
rules as the " angel of the house." As a lad 
I know nothing about ". Santa Claus," not 
then introduced into children's ChrislmnJi 
keeping. Father or Daddy (.'hristmaa wa^i 
the one who carricfl the bountiful bag, and 
tumbled dosvn the chimney into the hung' 
up stockings the dear jiresents — preciou* 

iO'»8.v.jAs.2o.i9i6.] NOTES AND QUEUIES. 

enougli then, bat nob to be compared with 
what tumbled into the stocking in tliese days 
of tojs anrl joys without imraber. Do they 
talk about Mother ChritJtmas anywhere] 

Titos. RATCLirFE. 


Colunowood's Descendants. — In the 
Trafalgar Centenary celebrations it seems to 
have been assume(I that there are now no 
liviog (lescondaiitsi of Admiral Lord Colling- 
woou. lie left two daui^hters to Hurvive 
him, viz, Sarah, wife of George Newnham, 
barriiterat-law, and Mary Patience, wife of 
iiv. Anthony Denny, these ladien being also 
coheiresses to their mother, Sarah, daughter 
of John ICrasmui liiackelt. proprietor of a 
beautiful estate at Hethpool, in the Cheviots. 
George Ncwnhatn as!)umerl the a(iditional 
name of Collingwood, and published a bio 
graphy of his distinguished father-in-law. 
He 19 stated to have died a di<iapi>oiated man, 
owing to tl>e refu«4al, or neglect, of the 
Government of the <lay to make him a peer — 
under the title of Baron Collingwood. 

Both Mrs. Newnham • Collingwood and 
Airs. Denny left iasue, and I have reason to 
believe that floscendarits of the latter are in 
existence. I shall be glad of information 
about them or about Mrs. Newnham - 
CoUiag wood's children. 

J. C. HoDGSox, F.S.A. 

^H Stplitf. 

f {W*> S. iv. 249.) 

f To find Fame, in tlio sense of Renown, 
represented in the wny Mr. H. J. Barkep. 
mentiuna it very common in modern 
timeti ; but I do not think she wa.s ever 
»o depicte<i by the ancients. 'I*';mv> '^^ 
perHonifie<l bv Hesiix] ("Works and Day.«,' 
7C0 M/y.). and Kama as personified by Virgil 
('itln.,^ iv. 173-88, niicl ix. 474), Ovid ('Met.,' 
xii. 39 xjqX Valerius Flaccua (ii. IIG i?i'/'/.)ftnd 
Statius ("Iheb ,'iii. 420 «'y<;.). tjtand rather 
for Ileport or Humour than for Renown, and 
in the above paanagos no mention in Diade of 
u trumpet or a wreath. 
F«ma does not seem to be frequently repre- 
ted in works of art. Spence in his 
lyraetis' (I quote from the second wlilion) 
give4 A representation of her as a nude 
wini/fd fiifiire, the upper p<irtion of the wings 
bt iod with eyes (pi. xxix. fig. 4), and 

wj' lice to it says (at p. 214): — 

*'Tiif> only (iijuro I have ijver •een of lier in the 
little urii'v in bra^ft in the (ireitt I>uk«'« collection at 
FlorMioe, (roiu which lhi« was copied." 

On p. 149, n. 67, bo says :— 

" I have never observed »i»y fiK"''^ ^^ Gloria 
amoDK the an(.ii|tiea 1 have met willi. The Koiiiitii 
poets speak of iier annieliinet iu a good, aiiil eoiiie- 
tiiiiea iu a. bad senao." 

Of the iiad sense— ».e , as equivalent to 
Jactantia— he gives as an example Horace, 
* Epist.' II. i. 177 He nd^ht have added 
'Odes.' I. xviii. 15. and 'Sat..' I. vi. 23; and 
Vergil, •.'Kti ,' xi. 708. .\s exemplifying the 
good .sense he quote.s Silius, xv. 1)8, and Vale- 
rius Flaccus, i 78 gtj^j. 

On the same page Spence refers to pi. xxiii. 
fig. 2, a delineation of Honos, taken from a 
common medal of the reign of Titus, on 
whicii he appears partially druped, and liold- 
ing a spear in one fiand and a hum of plenty 
in the other, and adds : — 

" He la culled Hono* nn a inerlal inn, wliere you 
see liiin j'liiied with Virlus ; ami they iierhaiw 
Reiienvlly nmdo a male of iliiii duiiy. .iiid called liiiu 
tiy the name of Honos, rather than (Jloriu ; because 
the latter was suiivGlimes used iu a bad aeuse (for 
Vain-fJIory) among them." 

"Honos et Virtus "are, I take it, approxi- 
mately equivalent to "Fame and Valour," 
our niore»trictlyethicalcoiice[)tiousof Honour 
and Virtue being rather foreshadnwed by the 
Roman ideas of which Fides and .Justitia are 
the respective tallies. Temples of Honos and 
Virtus, so connected that the former was 
only apnroachal>le tbroujih tiio latter were 
vowed by M- Cliiudius Murcelliis, and dedi- 
cated by his son about iu:. '2UJ. C. Marius 
built anotlier temple to ttie.s« deities on the 
Arx Capitolina about av. 10]. 

John B. Waisewrigut, 

Samuel Bntler, who was Milton's con- 
temporary, took another view of Fame 
(' Hudibras,' Part II. canto i. 45, &c.). His 
Fame would seem to be Rumour rather than 
Renown ; but, after all, what is Renown bub 
established Rumour I — 

There in a, tall long-sided dairiH 

(Hut wond'rtins Ifglit) yeleped Fame, 

That like a iliin canieleon himrda 

Herself on air, and eala her word*; 

{Jl»>^\ liKT fhouldum witiKs she we4ira 

Like hmigiiiK sleeves, IiihmI ihroiinh with ears. 

And eyes and toiignqs, aw jiueLs liiit, 

Maile K<>od by dotip mythologi^t : 

SViih ihoae she through the welkin flies, 

Ami aometimos carries truth, oft lie*. 

Two Irumpeta she does sound at once, 
But both of cleon contrary tones ; 
But whether both with the same wind, 
Op 111 ■ ' ' ii.iid one heliind, 

\Vc I '^idy Ihio cj»n tell, 

The" ■ vilely, I Ji" (it her well ; 

And theiuluie vulgar authors iintne 
The one<iood. th' other Kvil Fan)c. 

There ia a valuable note on ttva Woa.d«. *.\A 


NOTES AND QUERIES. Uo'" h- v. Jax. 20. leoe. 

the white wings of Fame in Sir Egeiton 
Brydgea'a edition of Milton (vol. v. p. 124) : — 

" Milton, in his poem * In Quint. Nov.,' speaUing 
of Fame, says, 

laduit et vuriis exilia corpora plumia. 
I do not rpcollect any instance of Fame having two 
wiuga of diflfercnt colours aasigned by any of the 
Roman iiocU. Milton seems to have ffiuijijied hie 
deity very characteristically, by borrowing cue 
wing from Infamy, aii'l another from Victory or 
Glory, as they are both describerl by iSiliua Iialicus j 
where Virtue contrasts herself with FJeaaure or 
Dissipation, Uv. 9,j :— 


Circa te semper volitans Infamia pennis ; 

Mecuni Honor, et Laiidea, et hvto Gloria vultu, 

Et Decus, et iiiveis Victoria concolor alis. 
Ben Jonson in one of IiIh Makks jiitrnduoeaFama 
Bona attired in white, with whito winga : and she 
t«mis herself * the white-wing'd maid.' Dunster'' 

St. Swithin. 

The p&ss&ge quoted from 'Samaon Agan- 
istes ' has alwa^^a puzzletl the attentive 
reader of Milton. .lorlin's comments on 
Milton are neiierally of a high order, and in 
thin caae especinily to. He catinot tell why 
Milton makes Fjime a god, unlea-j deities are 
of both sexe.s. For since Hesiod deified lier 
as a Koddeas all other poets have followed 
on. Jortin carriea it further with v. 19 of 
'Ljcidas' :— 

So inav aome gentle Muae, 

With liicky words favuiir my destined urn ; 

Ami us ho jmsses turn, 

And bid fair peace he to my sable shroad. 

Jortin says it may be a "false print," mean- 
ing misprint. I think it can be read aa 
referring to the bo<Iy of Lycida."*, "in sable 
shroud,* lloating by. J'o.ssibly Heaiod'a <l*i/xi] 
might have led Milton to think of Rumour, 
and ao treat it as masculine. The name'j on 
the wings are from Horace, Jortin thinks 
(' Ode,' II. ii. 7). I do not quite see tiiat they 
are ao. Chaucer fuir tuorc naturally saw the 
hill of tins " Uouseof Fame" engravon *' witli 
famous folkes names," and U) show the 
tranaioncy of Fame ho makes some of the 
letters scarcely legible : — 

They weran almost oirthawen so. 
That of the letters one or two 
Were niolle away of ev'ry name. 

Bacon in his ' WiKdora of the Ancienta' 

makea Fame the sister of the giants or 

Titans, who made a war on Jove. When they 

were slain by lightinng, the eartli. their 

mother, in her wrath brought forth Fame. 

This he getg from '-l^ii ,'iv. 178. Ho winds 

all up thus : — 

*^8o as rebellions actions and seditious reports 

"-r QothioK in kind and blinul, but as it were in 

nly, the one sort being masculine and the 


This ia really cleverly dexterous, and ffive« 
a little support to my suggestion above, 
that Milton was thinking of liumour. The 
seditious reports are rumorea. 

It would be a very valuable contribution 
to literature if some erudite per.son would 
re-eiiit the * Wisdom of the Ancients,' going 
through the whole of the mythological allu- 
sions, which are innumerable, and giving 
references to the authoritie.s supporting them. 
I have on many occasions wishe<i to trace the 
allusions, and frequently have been unable to 
find any authority for them. May it be 
•junposed that often there is none ? 

In the 'Cla.s8ical Manual' Fame ia saidto 
be repvcsentetl by Greeks and Romans with 
wing-s on her back, and a trumpet, or double 
trumpet, in her hand. This to denote that 
alio gives forth eitfier truth or falsehood. 

Mi«tac]iie cum veris passim commenta vagantur 

Millia rutnorum. 

Ovid, 'Met.,' xii 5#. 

In Virgil'a grand description of Fame 
referred to aliove she i-s shown as a gigantic 
monster of innumerable tongues, mouths, 
eyes, atid ears. Lovely is the line of descrip- 
tion, a miracle of exquisite speech, ll>at 
quite accounts for Dante's worship of hia 
guide and master : — 

Noctc volat cadi medio, terriBque per ambram 


Her immensity is depicteil by her raisiog 
herself into the air, yet still continuing to 
tread the earth, though her head is hidden in 
the clouds, like a growing volume of amoke. 
She enlarges at each repetition, inretque 
napiirit ciindo. Nobody haa ever gone much 
bevond ttiis. 

The abridged Poly metis aaya she ia repre- 
sented in the Vatican Virgil as flying with a 
message from Juno to Turnus, with a glory 
round her head, 8urroundc<l with clouds, and 
a veil so held in each hand as to circle over- 
head in emblem of her bow, and to show her 
to be an inhabitant of the air. Lucian seems 
to think the eyes and ears all over her body are 
rather ridiculous. Symbols represented iu 
painting must constantly be incongruous. 

C. A, Ward. 


Fame should be repreaonted by an aogel 
with wings and blowing of trumpet^ but not 
necessarily, one would have thought, holding 
a wreath. The raedireval wreath is sup(M}sed 
to have been adopted by the Crusaders, in 
the fourteenth century, from tiie Saracenic 
turban, to distinguish a knight, and consisted 
of the twiated garland of cloth by wliich the 
knightly crest waa atKxed or held to the 
lielmet. The decorative wreath of leaves* 

10*8. V. Jas. 20. 1906.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


however, would be quite appropriately carried 
by nil Hfigel XLH a raeiiiseuKer of fame, aiuce it 
wan usetl to crown the victors in garues and 
conquerors in war; but it is apparently 
appropriate*! more generally to the goddess 
or successful conquest, Victory, who carries 
a palm branch or a laurel crown. A bas- 
relief on the Arch of Titus represents that 
I emperor in liis car at the procession on 
laccount of the conquest of Jerusalem, and 
rbelund him stands a winded figure nf Victory, 
[boldiug a crown of gold {corotm triiit»f>fuiliii\ 
made iti imitation of laurel leaves, over the 
conqueror's head. 

J, HoLPEN MacMiciiael. 
C, ElRtn Court, W. 

It is not easy to say wlnoli of the many 
representations of Fame is the most correct, 
but Virgils description holds a high place. 
See *^neid,' iv. 174-88. 


In ' Bacon's Essays,' e<ii(ed by W. C. 
Taylor, LLD., is an artistic vignette of Fame 
blowing a trumpet heavenwards with her 
right hand, and pointing downward to eartli 
with her left. The description is given 
underneath : — 

"The poets make Fame a monster ; they describe 
her io part finely and elegantly, end in part Kravely 
and tientenliously ; they say look how many foatliers 
she hath, bo many eyes she hath undenieutli, so 
many tou|{>iea, bo many voices, she pricks uji «o 
many ears," — P. 82. 

John Pickford, M.A. 
Newboarne Rectory, Woodbridge. 

CATAtOOUKS OF MSS. (10"' S, iv. .3C8, 415, 
436, 531) — No argument aiipeai-s necessary 
to enforce the importance of the general 
availability of the Catalogues of the ilSS. in 
the British Museum, especially to students 
^ireaident in the country, and it is a matter 
for regret that a larger number of the public 
libraries have not complete sets of these 
invaluable publications. AIn. Mason refers 
to the fact that in the list supplied to him 
by the Museum authorities no price was 
affixed to the 'Index to the Additions, 1783 
to 1835.' The reason, no doubt, is that the 
Index in question is not to be acquired at 
aoy price. It is a volume iisued in 1849, 
and. if I am rightly informed, only 100 copies 
were printe<l. "The collections of Cole, 
Woolley, Kurrell, Hayley, Symmes, Bray, 
Kerrich, PJssex. Wood, Banks. Mitchell, and 
Stepney are all included in this invaluable 
Index, which runs from the conclusion of the 
Ayscough Catalogue, No. 6,017 to 10.018, 
and includes over a hundred of the Sloane 
oullection trausferre<i to the MS. Depart- 

ment after the publication of the Ayacough 
Catalogue, and not included therein. vSomo 
years ago I had to borrow from London a 
copy of this volume, as no copy was to be 
found in any of the libraries in Mancliester. 
Since that time, I am happy to say. I have 
been able to complete my set of the Museum 
Catalogues by adding this volume. J rather 
think that there is no printed and published 
catalogue of some two or tliree thousand of 
the Museum MSS., nor any indication in 
print of their contents, save what this Index 
affords. It is some time since I worked on 
these catalogues, but believe that the an- 
cat^logued numl>ers are between 5,017 and 
7,084, or possibly up to 8,220, when the 
catalogue of acquisitions in 1831 commences. 
Keraal Cell, Manchester 

Campbells in the Sthand (10"' S. iv. 500). 
— No trace is left eitlier of the original 
"Three Crowns," or of tlie " Globe" Tavern 
at the corner of Craven Street, which the 
^'Tliree Crowns" is, in one instance at least, 
described as being next door to. In 16*3 
this " Three Crowns " wa? tlie sign of John 
Wright, haberdasher (' London Bankers,' by 
F. G. H. Price), before, of course, the Camp- 
bell in question moved to tlie premises m 
the Strand afterwards those of Campbell 
«t Coutts. John Campbell died in 1712, 
but his name was retained, fox- the firm 
was styled Campbell <k Coutts until 1756, 
owing to George Campbell, a relative of 
James, having been taken into partnership 
by Midtlleton. In IT-'Jti Campbell it Coutts 
were advertised as treasurers for the British 
Lying iti llofipilal for Married Women, in 
Brownlovv Street, Long Aero { Whilehnll 
Kveninn Post, 23 Dec ,175f.). In Wheatley's 
'London' we are Udd that Coutts <t Co. 
were established in St. Martin's Lane, in the 
reign of Queen Anne, by one Middleton, a 
gold.smith, and John L'ampLdl, a relative of 
the Duke of Argyll. See also ' London 
Bankers,' by F. G. Hilton Price ; and 'Coutts 
ii Co.,' by Ralph Jticliardson, F.S.A.Scot- 
J. UoLDES MacMichael. 

George Campbell was the Campbell of both 
Middleton k, Campbell and Campbell Js 
Coutts. He was son of John Campbell, of 
Campbell Ji Middleton Tin Week of 20 July. 
1870, says he was a cadeti of the house of 
Argyll ; but the genealogy of the article is 
slovenly, and I have Xteaw unable to verify, 
corroborate, or negative the statement. 
George died ft" y/, His sister Elizabeth maund 
John Peagrum, of Colchester and Kni^hi^ 
bridge, and lier daughter married Jauie<i 

NOTES AND QUERIES. uv 8. v. Ja!«. ao. looa. 

Coutts, of London, banker. I think there 
must he aomo error nlxtut the date 1692, for 
Qeorgo Middletoii of Campbell i Middloton 
was only born in 1(J82. 11. R. Stoddart gives 
the tale of the ton-yoar old boy taking his 
future father-in-law into partnership; but, as 
other statemontsshow, he was prone to listen 
to garrulous persons. 

4, (jueen Street, Edinburgh. 

Staines Bkid<;e (10'" S. iv. 409, 536).— 
"Thi:) briiJKO ounsiHts principally of tiirce 
extremely ilat .sf^gmental arches of granite, 
tlje middle arcii being of 74 ft,, span and the 
lateral ones (it; ft. eacli." This is frtun Hray- 
ley's 'Surrey,' vol. ii. p. 211, and tlie next 
sentence is the comment upon the narrow- 
ness of tiie9ft. piers, which I should like to 
prove or diBprove. F. Turner. 

Semper Family (10«'' S. iv. 487).— This 
name occurs very rarely in the Buglisli 
records whicii I have consulted, and I have 
not yet seen it once in the Irish. Thou|,;li 
tlio few references found may not relate to 
the family of Hemper of Monlserrat, yet it 
may be worth recording instances of this un- 
co»nmou name. 

It is found twice in Mio ' Letters and 
PapernjForeipn and Domestic,' of Henry Vlll. 
(ed. Brewer and Gairdnor): — 

I. I' A book of preats of money in Seland 
to shipmen by Lelegrave's biddiopCt and writ- 
ing for the King's business done per Semper." 
Various sums paid to sliipnien in Zoalanu by 
Lelegrave's bidfling from 'A Aug. to 15 Sept- 
To Bowen Adrien at Midilborowe by Wm. 
Bey nam, To Adrian Ho'h. by Semper and 
Bey nam, 36/ . 55. Fl. Each payment ia 
signed by tlio mark of tlie receiver. (14 
pages.) Date 15.30. 

2. Certificate by Robert Ross, curate of 
Watford, Line, dioc, 18 April, lo.'J", that he 
has heard the confession of Katharine 
Yngrara and administered the sacrament to 
her. Signed in the same hand :— Rol>ertU8 
Semper. (In Latin, small paper, 1 page) 
Thin person is described as *' Semper alias 
Ross " in the index. 

The next reference ia in the 'Acts of the 
Privy Council,' "At the Sterre Charabre, the 

vij"' of Maye, luW." "A warraunt to 

to paio unto Jolin Sely and liartholomew 
Semper Ivij" xviij* viij'' duo unto them for 
water cariages in the Kinge.s Majesties 
service to tlie fortificacions of Aiderney." 

The only other mention of this namo which 
at ^iresent I have come across is in I?ryan's 
♦Dictionary of Painters and Engravers,' in 
wiiich an account in given of O. Semper, a 

celebrated architect, who was born at Ham- 
burg iu 18UJ. One of his principal works 
was the theatre at Dresden. In coti 
of political troubles ho came to 
and was made an Associate of tK> .. 
Aca«lemy. In May, 1871), he die<l rariKi 
suddenly at Rome. Cna. WAiauN. 

DiraEMORK (10"" S. 17^328).— "Moor " being 
the Anglo-Saxon mor waste land, or laua 
renderevl waste by water, would not Ducie- 
more be merely the moor api>ertAining to one 
of the name of Ducie? Although it is not 
apparent from gazetteers at hand in which 
county Duciemoor ia aituateil, it is perhaps 
remarkable that tlinre is a Morelon in Staits 
and a Moroton-in-tho-Marsh in North- East 
Gloucestershire, in which county is Tort- 
worth Hall, the seat of the Karl of Ducie, 
whose ancestor Matthew Ducic Moi-rtr/n (son 
or grandson, apparently, of Sir Robert Ducie, 
founder of the family) was created, in 1720, 
Lord Ducie, Baron of MoitUm in the couDty 
of Stafford. The Tortworth bai ony was one 
of subsequent creation to that of Moroton ia 
Staffordshire. J. Uolues Macmicuaki.. 

" Drixkinos " : " Drinkinu Time" (10"' S. 
iv. iJiKj). — Halliwell says of "drinking" : "This 
terra is now applied to a refreshment betwixt 
raeala taken by farm laljourers." "Ijeven," 
"Jevener," "leven o'clock," "hover," and 
"lowance" are all used to cover a olight 
snap in the field, and mean any trivial 
refreshment taken between regular meal- 
times. Then, again, wo fiml "to drink by 
word of mouth," which often happened at 
these times. A bottle of beer w«9 carried 
into the hayBcld, and several woikers would 
search for a vessel to pour the precious liquor 
into, but the seardi might bo unsuccessful : 
then it was agreed "to drink by won! of 
mouth " — in other word«, to imbibe direct 
from the orifice in t!ie bottle. Thin *' 

advantage to the otio who drank fit 
especially if he was accustomed to tln^ n... le 
of swallowing. It did not ensure nn equal 
division of drink to all in the company. The 
saying has a kiml of classic oi ij:in, as it wa» 
used bv Shadwell, who succeeded Diydcn as 
Poet Laureate. W. W. Gusnny. 

Barking, Easex. 

Antonio Canova in Engund (10"» S, iv. 
448. 518).— Your correspondent will find in 
'Lectures on Painting and Design,' by B. R. 
Hay don, the following notice on p. 2>!4 : — 

"At tliia 'etiee ile In hiilHille' WHterloo wm 
won ; C»ttov» wmi s<?rit ollicittlly tor«ri». t.. i.,l-.- 
the <)e|kiirturc of llic Apollo, &«,•., for Ko 
My inliniAle frietxl, Tfntnilton, niol Cuti' 
Duke's in Paris : the VAfSw Marbles were ciiru t iie 

10* «.v.jak. 20,19060 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

tojiic of tiilk : C'Anova waaolfieially coming to thank 
iho Prince Ueffent ; nnil on this in)i>r)rr«nt visit 
nsteti our only hoiies ! In November, 18IJ. Uariova 
«rrivei1, ftnd wu at Burnet's Hotel. W'ilkie saw 
hiui tint, and, not underataiidint; him, cante to the 
Hludent, aud declared he <]id itot tliiiik highly of 
the MurbIeK : the Student hurried away to the 
Foreign Oftice, wheie Hamilton was Uiiaer-vHecre- 
tary, and they w<?nt loUauova's immediately. After 
the cereniouiea of intruduotion were over, he naked 
him, ' U'liat do you think of iho Marbles?' Ho 
replied Ihey were the tiiie^it things on earth, and he 
would have walked barefoot from Homo to have 
•een them. He added the union of life and idea 
was iH!rfect, and that they would overturn the 
whole »yatein of form in hiKh art. Hamilton lof)k 
lijni the Brat time he went to the Marblea: the 
Student went with him the second lime, and he 
(Canovii) said he always believed the genuine works 
of the (Jreeka had even more of every-day nature 
th&u we saw in the other anci<-nt works. Uacked 
■« all admirers were thus by Canova, the Govern- 
ment began to melt, for the ndnistera saw they 
must become the ri<(iculeof I'iurope if they obsti- 
nately fjcrsisted in their indifference, and in the 
followiaK year. ISlO, a Committee wa.s granted." 

In the same volume, on p. 2!>2, ia the follow- 
ing int«reisting letter : — 
TntHnlafion of a Lrtttr frotn tlu Cavilicr Canora 
to Ihr. Karl of Klgiii. 

London, 10th November, ISI.i. 
My Loilt>, — Permit me to express the sense of the 
CTMt Kratitication which 1 have received from 
Having seen in Loudon the valuable antii|ue 
Marble* whii'h yon have brought hither from 
Greece. 1 think that I can never see them often 
enouith, and allhouKh my stay in this ({teat cajiitat 
must be extremely short, I dedicate every moment 
that i can fe|iare tn the coutem|>latiori of these cele- 
brated remains of aucient art. 1 admire in them 
the truth of nature, united to the cimice of the 
tineol forms. Kverylhinjt here breathes life, with a 
veracity, with an exijuisite knowledge of art, but 
without the lca«t n&teutnlion or parade of it, wliicli 
U concesled by uonsumiDate and masterly skill. 
The naked is jierfect flesh, and most beautiful in 
iU kind. I think myself happy in having been able 
to seo with my own eyes thugudistinis'uishfd works ; 
ftttd I shuuld feel pi:rfectly saliislied if I ha<l oonie to 
I«ndon only to view them. Upon which auoouiit 
the admirers of art, and the artists, will owe to your 
lord>ihip a laslinR debt of gratitude for haviuK 
brought amont;«t us these noble and niaHniliceiil 
lliecei of 8<;ulpturo ; and for my own purl I bey 
leave to return you my own moat cordial aikuow- 
Icdgmenla ; and 

I have the hononr to b«, &c., 


In 'The Life and Writings of Henry ruj^eli, 
Esq., M.A.R.A.,' vol. i. p 313 (published 1831}, 
ia a reference to (Janova : — 

"Canova visited KuKlaml in the summer of 
ISlft, and wa» then very much struck with the 
pictures, aa well a* pleased with Fmseli's society. 
This eminent si-ulplor remarked that he not only 
•howoil the brilliancy of ({enius in his cotiversation. 
hut that he sjioke Italian with the purity of a well- 
educated native of Koine." 

ham are the following remarks bj" Canova 
upon the statue of Eloquence by Roubiliac 
on the monument to the memory of the 
Duke of Argyle in Poeta' Corner, West- 
itiin.ster Abbey ; — 

" He [Canova] waa bo struck with its beauty, b» 
stood before it full ten minutes, muttered his 
surprise in his native language— (lassed on, and 
returning in a few minutes said, 'This is one of the 
noblest statues I have seen in England.' " 

Canova wa.s very friendly with Sir Francia 
Chantrey, and greatly appreciated his work, 
and when he returned to Italy he sent Sir 
Francis Chantrey a colossal bu»t of himself. 
This bust, after Chan trey's, was 
purchased by my master, Edwin Kniith, 
sculptor, and i-s now iti the Museum, Weston 
Park, Sheffield. I believe Canova exhibited 
his statue of Terpsichore in the Royal 
Academy at the saiDo time aa Sir Francis* 
Chantrey exhihitfd his beautiful group of 
'The Sleeping Childieu." 

In Flaxman's lectures on sculpture there I8 
an interesting addre-ss on tlie death of 

Ctinova. ClIABLUS GlCEEK. 

18, Shrewsbury Road, Sheffield. 

Roll o? Carlavkeock (10"' S. iv. 520).— 
Tliere are at least two Englisli translations 
of this. Tlie most recent i.i tliat puhli.shed, 
witli notes, by T. Wright. IKfJ-l ; but the 
earlier edition of the Anglo-Norman verse, 
witli an English translation by Sir Harris 
Nicolas, 1828, i?< vnlimbh^ for the biographical 
notices of the personages tucntioned by the 
poet. J AS. Platt, Jun. 

The Antiq-uarian Eej>trfo)'>/ (1779), vol. ii. 
pp. 107, Ac, gives a version from the Colton- 
laa MS. (Caligula A. xviii.). 

JoHX Radcufte. 

[Mb. F. C. nAr.Kr and Mil R. O. He.slop also 
thanked for replies.] 

TwizzLE TWics (10"' S. iv. JjOT).— Tlii'« name 
fur the jointed rush is known in the Mid- 
lands — generally, I should say. Small 
branches twisted on trees are " twizzled " 
together, and other things in a state of con- 
fusion are " twizzled " or "ravelled." 

Tiios. Ratclipfe. 


There is a Yorksliire hamlet called Wig- 
twjzzle, ten miles north-west of ShetHeld. 
The name has been variously spelt since 
llie time of E<lward I. The following are 
samples: WyKcstwysell (I2ft0), Wytwisle 
(13^9), Wiggetwisell (IfiSS;, Twifitwiztll (in 
Rradfield parish register, 1707), Wihtwirzlo 
(t)nhianco Survey, l>?yi). Is it po.ssible that 


NOTES AND QUERIES, tio* «. v. Jan. 20. jws. 

twizzle-twigs, or jointed rusli, mentioned by 
Mr. fcJTiLWBLL? The hamlet atandn 700 ft. 
above sea-level, on the edge of the celebrated 
Broomhead grouse mooM, where, however, 
logs and rmhy places frequently occur. 

T. Walter Hall. 

Tetk-.V-Tkte Poeteaits is 'The Town 
AND Country Magazine' (10"' S. iv. 211, 
342, 4«2, 522).— There seems to be little doubt 
that Uapt, Hkrbert Kin<; Uall Imn identi- 
fie<l Admiral "Sternpost," for there in no 
evidence that any other than I tarry Paulet, 
sixth Dulceof Bolton, bore such a sobriquet. 
The .Ma;/i:tne. however, givea a diiTei'eut 
explanation of the origin of the nickname : — 

"He called, as it is said, a council of war wilJi 
his carpenter, iu order lo deleriiiiiie upon the real 
or imoffiiiari/ Btatc of hia htempofit, and from whence 
he hfia derived the title of Admiral >Sternpo«l." 

The editor of the 'Tete-a-T^tea' goes on 
to give another obvious clue : — 

"Like liis predecessor in hii title, he wii,s caught 
in the a*ti>e net by the lures of Polly Peachum. It 
it true he could not bo&at that he had the ortuiuaL 

The reference, of course, points to Lavinia 
Fenton. the Polly Peachum of 'The Heggar's 
Opera,' who married I'harles Paulet, third 
Duke of Bolton, tlio uncle of Admiral Stern- 
post. A eoniparison of this TiHe-a-liite 
portrait with a contemporary print would 
probably clear away any uciccrtainty. 

Tliere are other blankn in my list which 
a person well acquainted with naval bio- 
graphien would be able to fill up, sucii as 
the Valiant Commander (vol. xii. 4.i7), the 
Gallant Admiral {vol. xiv. 171), the Blooms- 
bury Bon Vivant(vol. xvii. 401), the Gallant 
Sea Captain (vol. xix. 249), the Dastardly 
Mariner (vol. xx. 200), and OM Xauti^us 
(vol. xx. 440). I hope that Capt. Kino 
Hall can spare the time to refer to tliese 
pagea of the Mn'jcr-ine. 

Horace Bleackley. 
Fox Oak, Walton-on-Thftinefi. 

SOALLIONS (101'' s jp 327^ 375).— In the 
•Promptoiium I'arvulorum,' iii. 442, uixler 
* Scale, of a leddur,' quotatioiis are given, 
from Palsgrave, "scale of a ladder ; esc/ieilon" 
and from Cotgrave, "a little bidder or akale, 
a small step or greece." W. C. B. 

I think that I am nQisrepresente<l at the 
last reference when I am nia<Je to say that 
Bailey in his 'Dictionary' (1740) gives "an 
nsnilon" as being "a kind of small onion 
of Ascalon, a Citv of Palestine." What 
Bailey says, and what I said, was that " a 
80.VLLION is a kind of small onion of 
Ascalon," J. Holdkn MacMichakl. 

Wakerley (lO'* S. iv. 300, 433).— Robert 
Wakerley was ar>pointed rector of Covington, 
Huntingdonshire, in l.')56, the patron of tho 
living being ** Lady Anna Hussell, Countew 
of Bedford." He dieii in February, 1557, 
and willed to be buried in the chancel. He 
left .'!»0.<. to the church, and 50« to tlie chancel 
dilapidations, the 5/. to be in the hands of 
Sir Anthony Hopkins and John Robynaon. 
of Spaidwick. Ki. Hopkins was appointed 
prebendary of Spaidwick in 1557- 

W R. W. 

Cricket : Pictdres and Enoeavings 
(lO'^S. iv. 9, 132. 238, 496).— In Mr. Lionel 
Cust'.'* • History of Eton College,' Duckworth 
it Co., 1899, facing p. 240, is a pictor© 
described in the list of illustrations as " A 
Cricket- match at Eton, From a Fish 
Strainer." In tho foreground are the players 
weariiig knee-breeches and tall bats. The 
umpire has top boots on. It is a single- 
wicicet game, close to the Thames. la the 
background is Windsor Castle. 

Robert Pierpoist. 

I have just come upon an early examplei, 
about 1790, oblong 8vo, probably an illustra- 
Lii5!i from The Gentlevvin's Mainiune or some 
similar journal of the period. It is entitled 
'View of Harrow School,' engraved (on 
copper) by S. Rawle, and depicts seven boys, 
in knee breeches and wliilo stockings, 
engage<] in the game. Only one wide short 
wicket, of two stumps, is vi.sible. The 
familiar school and church form the back- 
ground, and four other boys are merely 
looking on. Wm. JA*.:r.AUD. 

13V), Canning Street, Liverpool. 


ICSl (10'" S. iv, 530).— Mr. W. C. Metcalfe, in 
the preface to his edition of the Visitations 
of tiie above county, 1564 and 1618, sftys : 
"The third and last visitation of Northanip- 
ton.shire, including Rutlandshire, is that of 
16yl-2, being K I. at the College of Arm;*, 
no copy of which is known to exist elats- 
where." Mr. G. W. Marshall, in The 
Genealof/Ut, vol. ii. p. 263, N.S., states the 
same. John Radcukfe. 

The Pound, Rochester Row (10"" S. ir, 
288). — I am afraid that it i^ impossible to 
hold out to Mr. Tansley much hope as to a 
picture of the old Pound bcitig procurable. 
I have no recollection of having seen one, and 
I think that if such had lx»en obtainable, it 
would have been reproduce*! in Mr. J. E. 
Smith'.s ' Memoriab of St. John t! *" ice* 
list,' where one would ualurallY it ; 

indeed, 1 have some faint recolleciion >>i its 


IC* 8. V.Jan. 20. 1906] NOTES AND QUERIES. 



being inquired for at the time of the pro- 
paratiou of that volume, presumably without 
success. Mr Smith thus allude« to this old 
landmark in the uid city : — 

"III Ihe wide space at the jimction of Old 
Rochester Row and Rochester Row. once Htootl the 
pariah Poundhoiis«. a ci»rii<!iiter« nhoj), and a due 
«M tree The hiiildiiigii— Pound Place— were re- 
n*",ved, and the site added to ihe public highway in 

It it just possible that The lUristvated Lon- 
don Ntwi or Thf Illustrated Timei — iUa latter, 
I think, had then a separate existence, beinf? 
afterwards absorbed by the other journal— 
depicte<i thi^ quaint survival of the past at 
the time of its liemolition ; or, if not, perhaps 
it wa.s done by The JhUldri: There was a 
model of the building and its adjuncts, made 
to scale, in the Westminster Industrial Exhi- 
bition held in Victoria Street in 1879, but I 
cannot say what became of it at tlie close of 
the exhibition. I always felt that it was a 
pity it was not secured by tlie parish authori- 
ties, and placed permanently in the Free 
Library in Great Smith Street. It would 
now, in this era of constant chanRes, be of 
much interest to Westminster residents and 
others. The spot at which it stood has been 
sabjectefl to many changes. Tlie huge ware- 
hotiae of the Army and Navy Stores, a new 
fire station, and Grey Uuat Gardens, consist- 
ing of many suites of flats, are all recent ad<li- 
tions. ^The only piece of antiquity here is the 
Grey Coat Hospital, now a girls' school, and 
that has had one or two additions made to it 
during the laat few years. 


LONDOS PaROC!UIAL Hi.story (10"' S. iv 
288).— See Thomas Allen's 'Hist, and Antiq. of 
London,' 1828, vol. iii.— SS. Anne and Agne.s, 

{) 37, and St. John Zachary, p. 57 ; and James 
SImiss's 'Topographical Dictionary,' 1831, 
p. 17 (SS. Anno and Agnea). "St. Anne's 
was known as St. Anne in-the- Willows, and 
later it might have been known as St. Anne 
in - the - Limes, from the lime -trees that 
flourished before the church." (See Strype's 
*Stow,' Book III. p. 101), Of this church 
Weale, in his ' Pictorial Handbook of London' 
(Bohn, 1854), p. 312. says: "A square in- 
terior, similar to St. Martin's, Ludgate, and 
originally very symmetrical." 

Among tl)e prints belonging to the Cor- 
poration of London in the Guildhall Library 
are :— 
J. A view of SS. Anne and Agnes's church. 

2. A drawing of the same. 

3. The south prospect of the same, under 
which i«j a circular letter to attend the 

love-feast of SS. Anne and Agnea, S6 July, 

4. SS. Anne and Agnes united with St. 
John Zachary. with a description, 1814, 
Coney del , Skelton sculp. 


Open- AIR Pulpits (10'" S. iv. 430).— Tho 
lovely old fourteenth • century "Header's 
Pulpit" at Shrewsbury Abbey is often cited 
as an external one, but was not originally so. 
It was buitt within the refectory, and has 
simply been renderc<l an open-air pulpit by 
the cfestruction of its immediate surrounn- 
iiigs. It stood, when erected, much as do 
tlto well-known thirteenth -century one in 
the refectory at Chester Cuthedral and one 
at Tintern Abl>ey, and, like them, was 
entered from the cloisters behind. A simi- 
larly placed pulpit, of about the same date, 
may be -seen at Beaulieu Church, Hants. 

■fhe most perfect old open-air pulpit in 
this country is in the first court of Magdalen 
College, Oxford. It was incorporated into 
that building, it is recorded, by Wayntlete, 
wlien he erected the present college (1473- 

There is an external pulpit (motlern) at 
the north-west en<l of St. Mary's Church, 
WJntechapel, and one has within recent years 
been placed upon the north side of St. James's 
Church, Piccadilly, an edifice built by Wren 
in 1684. 

At St. Die, in France, a pulpit exists 
outside the cathedral, but within its cloisters. 
Upon tiie north aide of St. Lo Cathedral 
(Normandy) there is an exterior pulpit ; and 
at Vitre (Ille-et-Vilaiue) is one of the finest 
ext«rior pulpits in the world. It is carried 
up from tlie ground by a tall base and shaft, 
is ornately carved, and surmounted by an 
excpedJHgly beautiful spiral canopy. 

Upon the north wall of St. Stephen's 
Cathedral, Vienna, an external pulpit pro- 

Quite a number of old outsido pulpits may 
be seen in Germany. Some are attached to 
churches ; otJiers are upon the edge of 
churchyards ; and a few are isolated in 
cemeteries. One of the last is at Mainbern- 
heim, in Bavaria. It is of Renaissance date, 
its stone sounding-board (if so it may bo 
termed) supported by massive columns, 
lapped by an ogee outlined roof, and sur- 
mounted by a weather vane. It is approached 
by winding stairs. 

AachafFenburg — tho minster church— has 
a parapet of open stonework enclosing its 
yard. At one corner, carried upon a semi 
circular corbel, is a pulpit — ono that 
thoroughly commands the ground ontaLdf 

NOTES AND QUERIES, tio'" s. v. j^^. io, isoo 

whicli lies, perhaps, 12 feet below ib. Some- 
wliat tlie same sort of arrangement may be 
seen in the outof doors pulpit at Bamberg 

In tlie interesting old town of Schwiibiscli- 
Gmiind (Wurtembern) is tlie Sal valor 
Kirclie, the lower part of which is excavated 
(a kind of grotto) in the aobual limeatuno 
rock, and probably datea f»-ora papan times. 
The chapel above appeared to l>o of fiftOLMitb- 
century date. Near it« altar, a doorway 
gives access to an external octagonal pulpit, 
\vlnch ha-s figures carved upon each of its 

M>iny will recollect with pleasure the 
beautiful circular exterior pulpit of marble 
(witli a iiandsome sou ndi tig-board above, 
taking the same outline), atone corner of the 
cathedral at Prato, eleven miles from 
Florence, and the exquissitely carve<l groups 
of dancing figures with which the outside of 
this cleverly dedgnod roatrum is ornamented. 

Hakky Hem^. 

Fair Parle, Exeter. 

There is an external pulpit at the grand 
cathedral of Seville 

It i;* perhaps .surprising that no one has 
Buggested that low side window.s were to 
servo as pulpits when an al fresco congrega- 
tion was to be addreaaed. I should be sorry, 
however, to have to maintain the theory'. 

St. Swituin. 

See 9"" S. viii. 325, 394, 489 ; ix. 06, 157, 356- 

John T. PACii. 
Long Itcbinglon, Wttrwickshiro. 

Nelson's Signal (10"' S. iv. 321. 370, 411, 
471, 533). — Mu. WARDatwms to think that I 
ough t to tratiscribe.and'N.iQ.' ought to print, 
what the logs have to say about this signal. 
I have no intention of doing so for my part, 
or of asking our lilitor to do so on his. 1 
gave Mr. \Vakd the references, and if he 
would devote to oxamiriiiig these some of the 
time he spends in writing about what he 
does not understand, he might arrive at a 
definite conclusion. It would, at any rate, 
be better than supprHting bis story by a 
reference to an American common - place 
book. J. K. Laugiiton. 

Oariocii : ITS Pronunciation (lO'*" S. v. 9). 
— In Aberdeenshire this word is invariably 
pronounced Oherry— the O/i hard as iafi/ictto, 
the word as rhyming witli $hcrrij. 

JouN Murray. 

00, Albemarle Streef, W. 

The pronunciation of Oarioch as a surname 
(and it is so uncommon that there is only one 
person so named in the Scotch ecclesiastical 

list in * Oliver & Boyd's Edinburgh 
Almatiac') in the north of Scotland is Gerry 
— G hard, and -; as in Kerry. 1 can hardly 
think that MA. P. is correct, as cited by Mr, 
Platt, in giving "Oeevy' as the pronun- 
ciation of "Oarioch (the title) "'—the ehJest 
son of the Earl of Mar bears the title Lord 
Gariix;h— and tliere is certaiidy a variant of 
the " Garrick " of ' Who 's Who.' 

J. Gbigoe. 

Tlie name of tliis district is pronounced 
Gary, riming with the Christian name 
Maiy. In the district the a is sounde<l rather 
short. ' Who's Who' and M.A.P.&re equally 
at fault. U. £. B. 

Church Srooss (10"> S. iv. 468 ; v. 13).— 
Walker's 'History of the Cathedral Church 
of Wakefield' contains the following at 
pp. 135-0:— 

" The spoon was given by Mr. J. L. IVrnarulc*. 
because lie «aw the late vicar (Rev. C. ■! >■, 

remove a iiy out of the wine, with In 
duririK a celeliration of ihe Uoly ComniLiiii<»> . .lu'i, 
rciiilved Umt this fthould not occur a^io, he 
requested the vicar to procure a sitoon at. his (Mr. 
Fernaniiea's) charge. The lenulh of tl m 

8 inthes, of the bowl 2i, its width lu-ii 
mid the length of the Aposlle )« 1^ i:^ '• 

Apostle is Hi the end (>f the siKjorv, but i 
to decide which of llie Iwelvo ia rciirv i 

the buck of (he sjioon is the inscrii 
sented by J. L. Feniandes tu All Kaui 

Wakefield, 1869,' with the croit of 1 ....- 

The hall-iiiarka are J. & J. SV., Qaeea i head, 
lion pawant." 

The spoon is silver-gilt. 

Matthrw H. Pkaco(*k. 

WakefKilJ Orammur fjchool. 

I find the passage in Lee'.s ' Directorium ' 
(to which Mk Stkekt unfortunately cave no 
exact reference ; the index does not help) at 

E. 89 of the second edition, 1865. la it 
nown whence Lee derived this part of his 
book l What is the practice of the Roman 
Church? Are spiked spoons there used) 
Or is it merely an accident that in some 
cliurch a "mulberry spoon" has been sub- 
stituted for a perforatcrt sixwn (not having a 
spiked handle) which had been lost I 

Q. V. 

Paul WniTEREAcdO"' 8. iv. 468).— At the 
east end of West Wyc^imbe (.l^hurch. Buck?, 
which stands on the summit of » "topp hill 
surrounded by some fine old tree ' '» 

Grecian hexagonal mausoleum of ' 'ti 

order, dedicated to "(Jeorge iJnJuijjion, 
Baron of Melcombe ilftgis,'' whose lepaty to 
erect a monument for hii 's» 

Moule ('English Counties,' l^ '), 

enabled Francis, Lord Lo I' ; ■' '.'ho 

lO'^ s. V. jAS. -20, I90G.] NOTES AND Q UERIES. 


paiUh church of St. Liwrenco was rebuilt 
by liim til 17<i3), to buihl tlie structure. 
Williiii arei reces'ses for tombs, and niches for 
bu*ts and urns. When tliere in October, 
1903. I noted one inscribed to " Paul White- 
heatl, of Twickenham, oh. Dec. 30, 1774": 
another to "Thomas Thonifjon, M.D."; ana 
in the centre, an altar-tomb for Sarah, 
Baroness L© Despencer, ob. 19 Jan., 1769. 
Besides these, tliere are many memorials to 
the Dashwood family. This will atiswer 
some of the questions raised by E. H. M . 
CnA8 Hall Crouch. 

CoLET ON Peace and War (10"' S. v. 2S). 
— Your printer has damaged Mr. PlcKFOttD'a 
Latin sentence somewhat. I therefore re 
store it. and can also mention the name of 
the author of it: **C\un vel iniquissimam 
pacem juslissimo hello anleferrem.'' Cicero 
IS the author ; but I cannot say in which of 
his works the sentence is to be ^ound. 

E. Yabdley. 

[Onr apolof^es are dne to Ma. PicKroRD for ilie 
Accident which caused the nittpriatiiig of his 

Me. Moxhay, Leicesteti Square Show- 
man (10^ S. iii. 307, ."557, 395, 474: iv. 35, 
135). — deferring to ray former reiniirks under 
tiiis head, I have now found an opportunity 
to tap the source whence my information 
was obtained. It is confirmatory of the 
extract from ' N. <k Q.' Riven by Mr. E. U. 
Coleman, which attributed to Mr, Moxhay 
an attempt to acquire the Square about the 
year 1S47. Mv informant states that this 
gentlomau enJeavoured to establish a right 
to erect a "tent" for some kind of "show" 
and on payment, he thinks, of .'iOO/. Uut no 
lej,'al fiioting was to be had, so Mr. Moxhay 
was obliged to remove whatever structure 
was put up. Cecil Clarke. 

Junior Athooffloin Club, W. 

'The King' (10'" S. iv. 448).— "The Riuji, 
iu a Series of Letters, by a Young Lady," 
was published by Stockdale in 178.3, 3 vols., 
9<. It was noticed in Thf Monthlij lieviav 
for 17S4, vol. Ixxi. p. 150, which observes, 
"This is said to be tne production of a i<r// 
young lady." It is in the 'Bibliotheca 
Britannica/ but I do not fin<l ihe work under 
'King* in the B.M. Cataloftue. 

IUlph Thomas 

IfAiR-PowDERiso Closets (10"' S, iv. 349, 
417, 4.'i3).— In Sept^emlwr, 1901, I slay«?d at a 
private boarding house in Derby which had 
a powder room. It is (or wus) on tiic riglil- 
hand Hide of the road as or)e enters from 
Leicester, and in a leading thorou>:hfar<«, 

probably the London Boad or High Street. 
It was a larpe old house with a plain front, 
and I hfilieve had been formerly two build- 
iuRs. Unfortunately I have forgotten the 
name of tlie house and that of the proprietor. 
Chas. Hall Cnouca, 

5, Grove Villaa, Wanstcad. 

BowES OF Elkord (10"' S. iv, 408, 457 ; v. 
12).— The quotation from Surtees's 'History 
of Durham ' is correctly copied. But vol. iv. 
from wliicii the quotation is made, was 
published after Surtees's death, and the 
error of printing "Suffolk " for "Staflford " i» 
probably due to the compositor. 

Richard Welford. 


Trafalgar (lO"- S. iv. 385, 431, 471, 534).— 
As the original (.Moorish) form of this word 
is Tarf el-Giliarb (West point), there ought to 
be no puzzling as to how to accent Trafalgar. 
In tho same way, Gibraltar (Gibel-Tarik), or 
what is left of it from its original derivation, 
oueht, strictly speaking, to be pronounced 
Gibraltar. Fkancis King. 

A Nttr Eiij/lish Dkdonnry on ffiiiorkal Pn'uripleit. 
E(lil«d by Dr. James A. H. Murray.— /?eiffii— 
Il.xn-r^. (Vol. VIII.) By W. A. Craiuie, M.A. 
(Oxford, Clarendon Pieai.) 
A KiTHTiiER inatalmeut, being a double oeclion of 
Vol. viii., of the 'New KngliKn Dictionary' ap]>ear8 
under the charge of Mr. CruiRie. It consiat* maiiily 
of coni|iounda of ri.-. tho only native words ia 
uonimoii U80 being rt.iiil, rtii', and rtuniit. Adupta- 
tiuns from other Teutonic languages are, we are 
told, few. Romanic words which ure not formed 
l>y means of the jircHx if- comprise some to the 
history of which B]>ocial interest attaches. As ia 
usually the in separate insta!m>TilB, much new 
light is cast on the history of words. .Meanwhile 
tlie customary coniparisonB may be instituted. 'I'he 
words incladed nundier '2,818, as npainst 1,1D(5 in 
the most anibitioua of rivals, and 16,!):)4 illustrative 
i|uotations against 1,930. Of main words, .579 are 
marked as obsolete, and 2.5 us alien or luit fully 
natumlizod. Iltillnme appears in the sweond cutunin, 
with (lie authority of \Vordnworlh, Shelley, LyttoD, 
and Synionds, but soenisa pooralteratiuii of rdnnie, 
re*cliiug from Shakespeare to Swinburne. lifitn- 
b Hilar, one akitlod in nnngiu rimes, is sanctioned by 
Waller Scott alone. Customary derivati<'n8 for 
I'r.ui.a long narrow strip of leather, are not reeitrded 
aa conclusive. Innumerable words in >'<> follow, 
►omo of them, like ninforr^mnit, sanctioned by 
Slmkeupcare and .Milton ; ntliers, such aa rtmk, not 
too coninieiidabiL'. PtinUjiatf is found so ejirly as 
150^. AVm, a captain of a K'dlcy, is jiistihcd. as 
nii)(ht be expieted, by llakluyl, y^:i\/rraiid rrittr. 
a (iermati i-avalry soldier, aio uMd in 1.177 and 15S4 
rospeclivoly. li-Joiiiii-r i? i ' ' nlli and 

scveuteeutii century wor^ , wtiliout 

leaving much iinptcs!), /. 'luu, UaA«> 



NOTES AND QUERIES. no- a. v. ja>. ao. 

full history. A koo<^ instance occars in 'Comus, 
How durst lliou then thysolf approach so near 
As to make this relation T 
For if/a/ii'«=perliiieal is quoted Hamlet's 
lie liaue grounds 
More Relatiue then this. 
For )c/a/or=relater 'Rasselas'is advanced as an 
autluirity. ife/ai/ has an interesting history. He- 
liabtt came into current use only about ISoO, and 
was at lirst perhaps most frequent in Auiericati 
works. Dtpendaf/lt, with whiih it ia compared, 
\a Biniilarly a;{gre»«i\'e, tlioii|;h ilisp>:nwh(c and 
laiiijhahlr purliaps are not, lidiuion is said to be 
of doubtfiu elyinoloRy. Cicero connected it with 
rtU.ytre, to read over, and later writers with 
rditfare, to bind. Hdigiosifi/ is found even iii 
Wycliffe. /ff/i*/* dutes from 1530. Hamlot's "has 
no relish of salvation in it" is, of course, quoted. 
iieli§h. vb., to sing, to warble, is curious. Looking 
At rtmaintUr, nniler which is much valuable 
information, we recall in ' Aa You Like It' 

Which is as dry as the remainder biscuit 

After a voyage. 
A Rood injlttuce of use of rtrnftlikni, said to be 
now rare or obsolete, may be found in ' bamsun 
Agoniate*,' I. 048 : — 

Hopeless arc all my evils, all remediless. 
Specially good illustrations of remevibtr are 
Buppliied. Jtriiai^iaiicc springs into use about 
lgj(>-j(3. llf nOrtct nri in the same sense ia aUnosil a 
Kcneralion later. For renascent n good quotation 
would be found in Swinbuiiio'a 'Tlie Sun Dew': — 

Least weed rcuascenb in the sea. 
Haitian is some kind of elolh now untraceable. 
Wellilluslialed histories are Riven of rtnd and 
rtnJtr. Rr.nniut, in its various funns and senses, 
rewards study, though it is now rare in current 
use. /famtit, in its two or more senses, is also 
interesting. Iitpaitee, s.h.. ia not found earlier 
than IC*o, when it is used by Howell. RcptoJ (of 
tite Uiiiiiii) i.H lirst mentioned in Frn^r.t; 1831. 
Hrpialry of a watch appears in 1770 as "a 
Paris repeater." l\i-pffriti has a full explanation. 
Ifflitiliiti' is Hr»t mentioned in ItiKJ by Drayton, or 
iu 1604 by U. Cawdrey. 1'e.scw also repays study. 

Ari^hifoloijil and Falnf. Aii/iijitities. By Robert 

Mmiro. LL.1)., F.SA.Scot. (Melhuen k Co ) 
It was a hapiiy thought of the editor of " The Anti- 
quaries' Hooks ' to devote one volume of the series 
to the subject of bogus antiquities, and assign it to 
the competent hands of Dr. Munro. It ia a well- 
known fa'it that even acknowledged experts like 
ijirJiihn Kvans and the authorities of the Uritiah 
Muacioii have somelimes— not often— fallen victims 
to the skilful arts of the modern coiner; and there 
are few collections of any»i/.« which do not contain 
■ome trophies of thissuccessful villainy. Theauthor 
himself, as he confes5.e9. has chcrisheil an Ki,'y|itian 
acarabit'us which turned out, after all, to Ite a 
modern fraud : and nr>t a few of such plausible 
impostures have jiBSsed niUBter. Even a veteran 
like I'rof. (ieorgo .Stephens, of Coi>euli«gen, suc- 
cumbt'd to ti>e impudent claims of two Kunic 
inftcriiilioiift that were arratit forgeries, ond allovicd 
them harbfiuruge in his ?reat reiiertory of iho old 
Northern Uunic monumenls. Everybody remem- 
bers liow egrugimtsly the authorities of tlie Louvic 
vrere taken in n f«w years since by Ibe tiara of a 

Scythian king Saitai>harnes— an elaborate bit 
workmanship which was traced home to a Hi 
goldsmith, Kouchounowsky. A good plate iagii 
of it here. 

Some eminent antiquaries have thought tkftt 
the production of these pseudo-antiques is not 
alioifelher an uimiixed evtl, aa they develope k 
wholesome scepticism, and serve as a toucbalon» 
of the wits for any rising Monkbarns. They iir« 
not without a positive value in helping todetermine 
the canons on which archuolugical conclusions are 

As might be anticipated, we j^et a full aoconnt of 
the achievements of Edward Simpson, bett 
known aa " Flint Jack," who could boast w 

Quw regio in lerris nostri nou plena laboris. 

One chapter relates the heated controversy 
which was maintained concerning the Calaveraa 
skull. It is now held to be no relic of Tertiary 
man, but the head of a modern Indian. Another 
gives some account of the recent Clyde coutroveray, 
discussed by Mr. Lang in his book noticed by us 
on 30 December. 

It will be seen that the volutne presents rather 
the humorous and human side of what niany may 
regard as a dry-as-duat science, but at the same 
time it forms a useful contribution to tlie lung 
annah of human error and fallibility. We notice a 
blemitili on ]>. 4, where a word seems to bo mif<iifeil. 
Man's arms, being set free by his erect attitude, 
can hardly be caTleti his " rliminaJtU fore-limbs." 
Probably "cinanci|>uted" is intende<l. 

Thv EKnas/n of Michtl dt MoutuiMc. Translated 

Charles Cotton. 3 vols. (Bell Ac Sum.) 
Cotton's is the aocejited translation of MonlnJpi 
III the revised edition supplied by Mr. W . Core! 
Hazlitt — wdui also furnishes a bi ' 

of the essayist and a few shurt ' a 

the translations of the quDiatioiis 
the paces— It ia equally pleasant ami Re- 
read. Itfl inclusion in the excellent *' Vii 
is accordingly a matter on which '! 
be congratulated. A more convene 
form in which to study Montai^ i^ 

hoped, and we are inclined to regaid the woik oa 
one of the chief attractions of a good series. 

Thf Serrn Deadhj SHnurx of London. Ity Thomas 

Dekker. (Cambridge, University Press.) 
Undfrvoo<l'. By Ben .louson. (Same publishers.) 
We have here the two latest inlditiotis to the 
lovely scries of Combrid^e University reprints, 
wiiich l>?gaii with Karle s ' Microcosntographie,' 
and includes Sidney's 'Defence of Focbio and 
Browne's ' Christian Morals.' Like tl '' 

the new volunios are printed in a sin 1 

edition ('225 copies only for sale), in sni.i. •:\ 

hand -made pa|>er, and with an exipiisiiv Aiid 
specially designed type. A* in their case also, the 
best ami earliest text ia followed, !v ' •■ ' 
in regarii to spi'lling nr piinctun ■ 
The books remain, accordingly, um 
gratification to the book-lover to ace liiu giudu. 
bxnikiiding row. 

Dekker 8 proso works are all t^w '•■••''■ ■< 
aively rare. It is not very long > 
tion of Dekker caused elevation ' 
in reputedly literary circles, C.» 
prints one at least of his work* 
Dokker's '.Seven Deadly Siiinea' i^ v ..v .... iil 

i(^ 8. V. jas. 20. 1906.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


known eflurtx. It hw remarkable interest for tlie 
philvluKist, ia leM strictly eilifyiug than might be 
«nticiiiateii from its title, and i« a clinraeteri8tica.lly 
Tuilor jiroductiou. Its cjuaiiil tilte-p:ige, dated 
IfiOG, declares it to lie " Opua septeiii dierum," and 
de«cribea the ains as 

*' jymtriit in wrunt Huertill Coachti; 

Through lh<r seucn leiitrall Oaten of the. 


bringiu;; the Plague with them." 

Among the sins with which London is charged are 

nianv still existing, such as " coni)>elliiiK your 

children (for wealth) to goe into loathed beds and 

the like. Decker seemn, indeed, as e«mest, and 

at lime* almost as eloquent as a s«venteenth- 

century Runkio. 

iSen Jonaun's 'Underwoods' are reprinted, we 
suppoce, from the KXO edition of his ' Works,' as, 
somewhat to tlie indigtiatioii or ainiiseineiit of his 
contemiMrarien, ho called his collected plays and 
poems. We are at least aware of no separate 
publication of the dale. 'J'hey have been less 
roaii tlinn they merit, though Iten's lyrical jiroduc- 
tionv, with a few exceplioug, are held, unjustly, in 
lighter regard than hi« dramas. The best knuwn of 
these poems in |ierha|is what is called ' Her 
Trinnipli,' which Htands fourth in ' A Celebration 
of Charis in Ten Lyriek I'eeces,' and begins, "See 
the Chariot at iiund hero of Love. This is 
]KMsibly n)ost regnrded in consequence of the 
musical setliiig, which is worthy of the lines. 
For their autubiogrnphical value, however, the 
lioenis are iinigiie, and they form pleasant souvenirs 
of Ben's friendships and intimacies. The title 
'Underwoods' is said hy the writer to be due to 
Ihe analogy to hii former volume 'Tlie Forrest.' 
Like Milton, Ren Junson has un elegy upon a 
Marchioness of VVinchestor. It is, however, pre- 
(tnniably ution Lady Anne I'aulet, ami not u|)on 
Milt<>iis Marohiuness. Owing to Ben's classical 
knowledge his p(H:inH ace a mine to the philologist. 
\Ve hojK! that the editors of the ' N.K.D. will nolice 
on p. VI what seems to us a very early use of the 
won! "Tribade." This is in a tieri-o and venotiiuuii 
attack on the "Coiitl I'lirelle." In the same poem 
ia an allusion we should like to trace : — 
Take heed 

This age would lend no faith to DorrtlV* Deed. 
What is l>orreirs Deed ? Is the allusion to some 
prank of Juhn Darrfll, the exorcist ? 

The printing of this work is exquisite, and the 
entire «eries, as we have previously stated, ia an 
artistic triumph for a groat press. 

Comitij of SufoIL: ila Jliitoi-y as DiiicloMd by 
JSxi^tinf Ncrm-ilx, d-r. By W. A. Copitiger. 
Vol. V. (Sotheran & Co.) 
A rvi.h account of the scheme which Dr. Copinger 
haa HO conscientiouMlv and admirably carried out 
will be found at Ifl"' S. ii "ilS and iv. Ml. In 
chionicliiig 'he apiienrance of the fifth aixl con- 
cluding volume (iir one volume leas than at the 
outset wf anticipitted) our task scarcely extends 
further than Maying that the same iin8nrpas<uible 
standard of workninnship is maintained. It ia 
conceivable, and x'catly to be lio|i«(), that what 
has been done for .SulTolk by Dr. Cnpjnger will in 
coiT.'-' I't time be accomplished — by other anli- 
qtiK. ' /.eal>i(i«^ able, and in more than one 

re«i y enilowed— for other counHe«. This 

ia, huwevci. a dream of perfection. Men with 

e<jnal kiiowledtfe, egital means, and equal devotion 
do not abound ; aii<l we must content ourselvea 
with reconiing that Suffolk, in regard to the 
cla8.sificalion and calendaring of its treasures, 
occupies a gratifying pre eminence. One further 
chance of recogni/.ing the service is at once^ 
()o«aible and in some resnecls obligatory. An 
twlix noinhunn l( loconim lias been pre)iared. and 
is virtually ready for the press. It will be issued 
as soon as a number of subscriptions sufficient U> 
cover the cost of printing has been received by the 
publishers. .Self-iuterest urges that such a list 
should be filled in without delay. 

A Snppiemtul to the Oloinary of the Dialtrt of 
Cumberlaiiil. By E. W. Prevost, Ph.D. (Frowde.) 
Wii niight have conjectured that when that hng* 
galleon 'The English Dialect Dictionary,' with its 
splendid freight, was safely launched, it would take- 
the wind out of the sails of all smaller craft, or 
deter them fnjni venturing out on a sea already so- 
comjilelely dominated. I)r. l*revo»t, however, is 
an enthusiast. And bravely puts out u supplement 
to a work which he tinbiishcd six years ago. As he 
comes after stich diligciii collectors as Mr. W. 
Dickinson and Mr. R. Ferguson, it was not to be 
expected that many new dialect words or uaagea 
would be found in his .-pici/ft/mm, Ai a matter of 
fact, the words given here, with a few exceptions, 
seem to be of but tertiary interest and inijiortance. 
0|icning almost at hazard, we light on "doirh/, 
sadly, ailing, unwell," already given in the other 
glossaries. And surely it is out of place 
to register as dialect such n perfectly 
general English word as "/on.*, a girl, a youni: 
woman, a female lover, Ac." There are scores of 
other words which in a similar way would fail to 
jiiHlify their admission ; e [/..dirkt/, ulijuvafis^ iiifrj/, 
jlahhtrganl, Itt-t/i, oaf. ijHtft; riffraff, siiiiye, a/icA, 
slotigi/. Some of Dr. Provost's etymologies we ven- 
ture to query. He statex, for instance, that 
(iuriliim, an uiiroar, was orieinally door-cloom, a^ 
rough and-ready quest held at the door of an eviU 
doer. We should like to know whetlier this. 
(ioorJoom was a recognized jiopular institution, or 
is a mere conjecture. fhirdvm looks like ark 
onomntopteic word; Fergu<>on compares it wilb 
the Gaelic ilurdnn, a murmur. /'uyA<r.>;, given as 
an occasional word for slippers, has all the a|i)iear- 
anco of being a mere reshaping of " papoojjhes "■ 
(Per*. /wi/frxA). Cunilith, a covercd-in <lrain, givew 
under Uirott, is, of course, merely "coiultiit." 
Wtaerr'x htef. which with the Uuinberlaml folk 
stands for a red herring, we may nolo is givou 
in Fuller's ' Worthies' as an Essex word for 

Dirtiouarji of Iviiian Binirraphji. By C. E. Buck- 

land, C.I.K. (Sonnenachein A Co.) 
Umkorm in size and appearance with the series of 
Dictionaries of Quotations issut'd by Messrs. Swat^ 
Sonnensrheiii, this volume aims nt supplying short 
biographies of men who have helped to establish, 
or been in nny way connected with, our great 
Indian emjiire. It is convenient and che<ip, nml 
will serve many puriioses of reference. It might,, 
however, with advantage be enlarged hy the iiidu- 
Hion of more names <<i men livinc or recently dead. 
Like the screen in the rooms of Joseph .Surface, it 
is useful for those who want to find thiiigs in a 
hurry. The live* of native rulers aud niiuisterot 
constitute a valuable feature. 



[W 8, V. Jikx 20, i9oa 

Booksellers' Cataloooks.— Jasoaky. 

Mn TrioMAS Bakkk has a seleclion of iLeoIoKieal 
and tiii9c«llane«>u8 Iwioks. We note under Wilkins 
A very line copy of 'Concilia Magnu,- Brilannijr- ol 
Hiliernitu,' 1737, *iS/. There i» n very fine set of the 
work* of Albertua Maifniis, 38 vols., 4to, new half- 
morocco extra, 48/. Under ErnNtnns is ilie second 
l«diii<>n of the New Teatameiil. in <;reek and Lutin, 
ird9, 4/. lo«. There are some works on reiiKious 
(irocessions. AinonK the general entries are liiiskiuV 
* Klonea of Venice, .v. 15h. ; Finden's illumratiKnii 
to Uyron, 1833, 1/. 4^. ; and Budge's 'Book of the 
Dead,' 1/. 1&«. 

Mr. Bertram Dobell has, ainonjt others, the 
following from the library of Sir Henry Irving: 
'The Irving Shakespouro," G volR.,4to, 2/.2<.; Violet 
Fane's ' Denzil Place,' 1/. 10<. (very rare, having 
»i«en siiitpresBOd) ; 'The Croevey Fa|>or«,' with 
book-plate. 1/. lOi.; and "Jeanne d'Arc,' edited by 
l)uiigla9 Murray, alHo with book-plat«. l'- I'- In 
the geneml list are a nnnilmr of first editions of 
ijwinburne, Tetinyeon, R. L. Stevenson, &f. 

Mesurs. S. Drayton A; Sons, of Kxeler, have 
Aiken's * Beauties and Defecia in the Figure of the 
Horse,' 1S16. 3/. :U. ; Catling ' Xortli American 
Indians,' 1845, 35-( ; the first 15 vols, of MdimHlan'n, 1*. 6'^. ; and n comtilete set of Fiti 
Rivem's antiquarian works. 7 handsome vols., 
privately printed. 188M1XK), &. I^m. f;ilchri8l's 
■'Life cf lilake,' first edition, is 5*. There are 
dnlereating i»enis under Fine Arts and Natural 
History. Among these we note Gould's 'Century 
•of Birds,' 1S3I, W. 15«. 

Messrs. \Villiam George's Sons, of Bristolj have 
va ioterealing catalogue nf books on Asia, largely 
■dealing with the Indian Empire. There are some 
Admiralty Charts, W. 9i. 

Mr. (Jeorge Gregory, of Bith, has a 8«t of 'The 
Aniitiftl Register,' \1'« to 1S78. I'iO voU . 17/. I a 
iiittgtiiliceut copy of Cranmer's Bible, 1.>1I, 35/. ; a 
copy of *Tho British Gallery of ConlemiH>r«ry 
Portraits,' 182*2, fW. Ow. ; and Ks<tui?melifig'8 'Biica- 
niers of America,' last .'i, 10/. \VH. Other items 
include Hearne's ' Antii^tiitics,' iXli, ; Hogfirth's 
♦ Whole Works,' 1800, W.; Hmner {Hrca lOIG), IS'. ; 
Audslcy's ' Ja|iane«e Art.' 1S75.0/.; Rolierla's ' Holy 
Land.' IS42-9 fnll crimson morocco. 12/. (published 
At lUV.): and Ackermann'a 'Oxford and Cam- 
bridge,' 1814-15, 8U?. Mr. Gregory devotes a portion 
of his list to works on American and Canadian 

Messrs. W. N. Pitcher k Co., of Minclieslcr, 
have Belcher and Macartney's 'Later Renaiasauce 
Architecture in England.' 7'-; and Doyle's ' Political 
Skctchfs,' 1S29-48, a complete set of the !II7 plates, 
fi(V. Under Pottery we find ChalTer.-i, 1S72. 7/. 7"- : 
KiUon, 1892, 5/.; Miss .Meleyard, 187.39, <V. iU.', and 
several others. Under Mancheater are many items 
of interest, including 'Gcnis of the Art Treasures 
Exhibition, 1*57.' CoFnaghi, IS.'iS, 6/. 

Meatra. James Tliniell t. .Son publish Part III. of 
p^ugraved PortraiiJf. This iiicunles royal family 
jKirtraits and a long liiit under Thoatrical, also 
under Legal. The whole collectiou is full of 

Mr. George Winter ba-s Bewick's 'British Land 
»nd Water llirds. 1805.2/. \'l*. «/. : the 8e<«>ii,) 
edition of ' English Bards and Scotch Reviewers,' 

I/. 1^. : the first edition of 'Vivian Grr-- ' " ••-'=! . 
182(5. 2/. S/f. : Edward Muxon's \ytmn\ 
lS2ft. <Vf. 6/.; Roscoe's ' Novelisls" J K. 

Wilst.n, is;«. U, 17". C/. : the flr»t cdui-.-ua of 
'Frank Fairlegh." 'Lewis Arundel,' and 'Harry 
Coverdftic,' 3/. V2a. fri. : and " Co<»tanic« of the 
Hereditary Statea of the House of Austria,' 1804, 
1/. 7«. 6</. 

Rkaokrs of ' N. * Q ' will find in Tht Jlcmt 
CoHutien for January an article od 
Gravesend by our old friend Mr. Alfreti C'liarlea 
Jonas. We cordially agree with the opening 
senletice: "To become acnuaiiited with the hi»^'»ry 
of our native place should be Ibe aim of t.vorj- 
intelligent person; ami to be fnmili.i' 'i* 

history of our country is the duly n: 
to be the pleasure to, all with the smnll' !<> 

literary knowledge." Other ariiolea are on Uam 
House, Shepway Cross, Dickens in Soulhwack, and 
RaneUgh Gardens, Chelsea. 

^otictf ia Corrtsponbfnii. 

Wf. mtM< call tiptcial tUtinlion to tht /oUowwp 
notict* : — 

On all communications must be written the name 
and address of the sender, not necessarily for pub- 
lication, but as a guarantee of good faith. 

W scan not undertake to answer iiueries privately. 

To secure insertion of communications corre- 
spondents must observe the following rides. Let 
each note, query, or reply l>e written on a separktv 
slip of paper, with the signature of the writer and 
such address as be wishes toappear. When answer- 
ing rjuericfl, or making notes with regard to previoos 
entries in the paper, contributors are requesited to 
p«it ill parentheses, immediatoly after the esoct 
neading, the series, voUitne, and iioice or (loites to 
whioh they refer. Correspondents who repeat 
queries are requested to head the second com- 
munication " Duplicate." 

Vali'k ok Oi-i> Books.— Several correspondents 
have sent (picrics ou this subject, hut we are unable 
to insert them. Huch inquiries should be addretsed 
tx> some of the numerous dealers in second-hand 

OvKRV ("Stars and Stripes ").— The connexion 
of the stare and stripes with Washington's arms ia 
noticed at 7"' S. vi. 328, 491. 

KoM Ompo (" Poets that la<tting marble seek"). — 
Edmund Waller, * Of English Verse.' 

Grevillr ("Keen=oager"). — See tho qnotationi 
in the ' N.E.D.' under section 0. 

J. T. Ci'KRV.— Forwarded. 

L. R. M. SriiAint AN (" An original Boniethingi 
fair maid"}.— Anticipated ante, p. 11. 


Editorial comniiinicationa should 1>« adilresaed 
to "The Editor of 'Notes and (Queries '" — Adver- 
tisements and Business Letters to " The Pub- 
lisher"— at the OtSco, Bream's BuildiaES, ChaocwT 
Lane, E.C. 

We beg leave to state that we decline to return 
commuDicatioDs whioh, for any reason, we do not 
print ; and to this rale we can make no exception. 

io*8.v.Jax.2o,i906.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


(Continued from Second Advortisemeat Page.) 


University and General Book Depot, 



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f>liakip«ar< i altalc U*4»ihfbr ■ . and the Itouic at AUni MumUm 
at Ttnice, froin a Driwlnr bjr Charlai Manin la IA74 aim, « Soppily 
menlR. euntaloini; Rcininl>«Dee« of fiolhcby's daiivc ^ f«an ; 
Account of Luiliria KovanthKl, of Maolch : .^ovoaot of tho Uodlvlaa 
BbakijMart . RavlaaJi of Current IllbUo(iaphlcal Erion , Anal^UoI 
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JtnxH lari It If "the work of a man who ■• maiUr of hloibjcct.' 
THa rutlMV'-.' Wtikly, New lork. ■«>• ■ n li narlvallM In lu leM la 
BDataaa." Vol n will Iwacnt pott fm •>'. inr/irrfKipi, on applleatJoa. — 
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NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo-^s. v.jAy.»,i906. 


W. M. THACKERAY'S WORKS.— The Biographical Edition. 

13 vols, large crawxi 870, cloth, gilt top, 63. each. The 13 vols, are also supplied ia Set cloth 

binding, gilt top, £3 18s. 

Tbli Kew aail Bevlied Eilltion oomprteft ad(ltil(in«l tnnterUI soil hitherto t7npubll«h«d LeUera, Sk'tehe*. %iul 
Dnwlnin dertvrd (mm the Autbor'i OHglnkl MSS. *0<l Hol«-U'juli« ; And eacb Votams locludei ■ Hemutr lii the lorm o{ 
ao IntroduotloD hj Mr*. HICUMOND HITCHIE. 

WORKS BY MISS THACKERAY.— The Uniform Edition. 

Each Volume iliastrated with a Vignette Title-Page. Large crown 8vo, 6s. each. 

" Her itorie* ere ■ »t)\t» of exquUIte (kttcbe*. full of leader light end tbiulow, and toft, bwmo&liiiM ooloarlDX...-.11di 
lort ol writing U nrarly u good u k change of air."— ^Icarfrmy. 

MRS. GASKELL'S WORKS.— The Uniform Edition. 

"Mr*. (i»«kell b«i done nb»t ncUlirrI nnr othrt fcmiilc writer* lf> Kr»BC* c«n accnmptiih— (be hu wrUfm aoT«l( 
trblch excUelbp d»fpMt Inlereil In mm « 1 1b« world, atirt stilvbevrr^ girl will be the IwlUr for reading." — QKORUKBaJiO. 

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",• AlKj the POl ULAH EDITION 1" " vuU. and the POOKBT SDITION In 8 vola. Parttonlm apoo 



*' AuurtdiT tb«re arefew bouki which will live loogrr Id Brgllili literature than thote we owe to the pea 0( Ibe 
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Id 7 vols, large crown 8vo, cloth, gilt top, 6s. each ; or in Set cloth binding, 
gilt top, £2 2s. the Set, 

Wllh Pnrlralu and lUuttratloni, Including Vlfwi of Placei deicrlhed In the Work* r^prcKliiced from PboUlgnpIt* 
«t>eclallT Uheu for Ibe tiiir()nfp. Introduction* to tbeWnrk* are *iipp1led l>T Mr*. HlTMPHItY WAHD, and ■alBlrodatf- 
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CHEAPER EDITION, I vol. with ForUalt and Facalmlla of the MS. of ' A Sonnet from the Poitugaew,' Urg* 
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•,• Alio the UNIFORM EDITION in a voU. and the POCKET EDITION In 3 roU. Particular! upon 

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NAPOLEON : a Short Biography. By R M. 

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OLIVER CROMWELL. By John Morley. NAPOLEON : a Sketch of his Life. Character, 

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NOTES AND QUERIES. [io'"8.v.jas.27,i9Ml 


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to NnrSft .hii gl KKIBS free b; pfMt la ICK. S.( r. 
nr 'SI*, ^t for Iwelva Unetlit, Inrladmit the Volu > 
RnWAKIi ra&NCI^, .V.<u. v;i UwKJ l/mw. llr«aii. . 
Cb»»«r7 Lane, B.C. 

PATIENT rrAYING^ could be TAKEN b» • 
IKXTTOH n Hog** tpael'-Pa and aplewitdly 

•lt«al*d Efery <■■■ ; eal t»r« -Ap<ilT, id flr»t leaaac*. 

le llvt tot, Atbesn-u ' 'raiti'a UBildler*. i.baac»rj Lane. R.C. 


Fraac* and Fr<acli.Cuadlui FtdlgnM, froui frlfal* Vepa^ 
Mailed MH. Sonrcee.— O. B. LART, ChkrnoBlh, iMtaei, aBd 37, Bajis 
Itoad, Bnnal*)-! D-R- 

MR. L. CULLKTON. 92. Piccadilly, Loadoa 
(Menilter Df Bncluk ftiKl i'oretKfl Antiquftrt«n HuctaUcvi, Bater* 
tiUiei the lamUhlof nf Kxcracu from l*ftri«h Jtr|ciat«n. Oo^«a «r 
Abtlrm^u rrnni Wilt*. Chancery ITnocvdlBC*. ftod other tt««araB aoftlli 
rorneniuli f kcat «f id*iic«ft le RbkIuiiI. Hcotl&Bd, fthd lr«lab*l 

Ab(>r#TiaU*d l.jiiln IhMumeiiu LVkpled. BAt«iidAJ, &&•! tTm«.BlftC»4. 

P^orrtcn Ke««uchct earned oul. Bnijakrias iMtit*d. Mr. CuilMdal^i 
pritai* coIleeUuni arr aarth nnoaaltlnic Iat do«« 

AnLiqnarKB uid licl«flUA4 MaUrlml mvoM' f«r ftB4 •0pi»< M tt« 
Brioih Maeeaai and ocbtir Arehltc* 

tai^plltd. ao nifctur on what *uhjp«t. A«kfii>*»1*4»«i t^ «•« 
ov«r A« Xhm moat vapart Hookflndara «tUiit. liM«« »l*i« iraatk- 
Bi.KUL'a Qrvftfi Hookahop, U-l«, John hrtftal 8U««t. HlrniiH«i 



PAD. ^ 

^ m 

111* LBAIIKNHAI.L PKKMB, Ltd . P«bll«ltar« aad |-nat«t«^ 

5U, |.eadenhall Htraet. Lnndon. ROi 

Cntitalka halHrit* r'TT nrrr which the pen allra wllk laifm' 
freedom, xiir :<>fca. ruled ur plaiD. New raaRal 

•lie. .1>. prr 

Anthnra - I nd-nh*ll l'»M. I.U MWbat tm 

leapnnalbln r - I .- r lira «r utberwit* iiaplli 

•bould be retained. 

CTICKPHAST PASTE is miles better ihnn Oum 

t-Tr lor atlnhlUK In Rerapi. )nlnlnR I'ai^rt Ac i . v||R 

•trOBK. useful hruth (nnc a Toy I h4.nd i«n iLaii -:MiBi 

for a ianvple Itnitle, lorludtBf llruih. Fa-i.iri 
Ltadaahall Mrt«t, R.C. Of all ■lMl«ner*. utictii'i.x..^^ 

FRANCIt FrInMr af the Alhmrum. K,At^ .wl WiWM,, R*.. Hi 
praparwd to AVKMIT milMATilV for all kinda mI HthiR. MRWR, 
And FBHIOUICAI. FIUNTIMO. - 11, Ikaaaia BnUd>a«B, ~ 
Um. k.O. 

'^r H B 



Fouaded in? 


lateated Capllal. JOCUOI 


Offend Ml LrmdOB Honbaellera and tUnlr AaalalAttta 

A f naaii ^aa or wonian of twenty Bva ean In »p«t the aani nf TvMly 

Oelneaa ler Ita •fjiiivalent by hnitalMtantaj and obiala tb* rlgbl •• 

partlelpate In the following advantaee« ~ 

FIHftT FieedOBi from want la lime ol adierallf aa loaf *• nad 
NROUNII Perwiaaent Kellff la Old Aae. 

THIHr> Medlr&l A<l<ire by eminent I'bteU'lanaaiid Barctiwi* 
FdVHTH a Catta«e In the Country (Abhntt lja«(l*; Harffar^dMrM 
foraced Kemhen, wlib fardea produce, uoal, and toadlral aMtaRMCi 
free to addltlan ta an annuitr 

FIFIH. a Fnrnlehnd Houae In the nme Kelraat at A bbaka td«atof 

for ih" '>•!- ■<( Mrnibera and their riii.iJiiK Fur lloUdaya ar danaR 


HI-. .-.ion ioward4 ^ < whaa It taa**d«4 

tH'. . ae am avaiia -"bar* aajf. b«i alM 

for '.n . '•, i.low.and T"ui . 

Fer fuaiirr ifttonnatlna apply tg tba beuretarj, lit OIIOR0B 
LARK BR. »>. l>auraMur Row. RC. 


Iana1>l7 Famlibed 8lulac-l< - 
aadeantnil. Mo otAan laA*a.-R. J. 




w">8.v.Ja.x.27.i906.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


CONTENTS. -No. 109, 

irOTKS:— A Weat Indian MiliUry Biiri«l-Krnuii>1, 61- 
Jntepli SpfnCH, KI ' A MeiOc-y Finale tii Ibe Great Kxbl- 
Wlli>ii,'f4— I' ' - -Locke Mnniiscrlpt— Mr. RcioRe- 

vell» Scf.t- ' — '• Topiiiamboii'"— Link with 

So"tt-Tli s Tomb — Bream • DulldlDga — 

••Ifnn ; n Jln((Ii-, «7. 

VL'KKI I 11 rice Kamllv. 67 - Kleetwixvl of Ma<1r«a 

—Qui.. uT— Hafu. Wralan Pn«t. 88— "Modern 

L'nlvvrf*) Britijli Traveller '— Mnjnr Klchani Cromwell. 
1*4H — " Dlaa.": an Abbreviation —' FanoharU ': ' MIntrva,' 
i;.V>— Mar(|ul( of Taladi— Book'Tiarlc Terma— Pfucock a* 
• Cbrlafiita* Syniliol— '• Copfi^rilln " — A.O H., S«-Ei.Lher 
Gllff: Dr. W Carson — Qraiilbkin of Goltbo Famll;- 
••Pln-ftr* ■*— •• rin-tUt," 7it. 

IPLIBS : — Lord Cromartle'a I«»oe — London Ne»rn>apera, 

JD — •NIcbv.Iiu NU'Ul^l.v' — Punch, the Bsvurane, 71 — 

[AiiiAttur Urainatic Clnbi-Slr William H. De Lftucey— 

|iOiravanai>ral Vi> I'ublli; Hou»e— • Kebeoc«.' a Novel, Vi— 

, Gtlnclleloii — "Smith" in Latin — Ennobled Anirtiaia- 

'pig; gwlne : Hue 8i>utit<p, Black PuK**! 'l-Mant^Kna's 

H<m^ — Brandon, Duke of SnlTxIk— " Bbl.," 7t-Sns«rx 

Inic'l[itiiin — C'««lcal QuotAti<>n« — WrUb Puem - Thr 

Klnu <■< fia>b, 7-i -Autbora of Qunlatlonr Wante<1— John 

' Penballnw — " W«a vfm?" anil "Yon wa»" — Snloifleit 

burled In the Open Fields — Napoleon's Onronation Kobe, 

7-» — "Ocewn, 'mid liln upr<:>ftr wild"— "Tbe«e are lb*.- 

Britnna, • barlmrnui race" — Splitting FleMa if Ire — 

Church Spoon"— The Condulo— " PsMlve Iteaiater," 77 — 

BelllMj; Une«elf to the Devil — Kranoea Prior: Annat>ellA 

' Beaumont — Born with Teeth — AITery Fliniwtncb in 

> Little Uorrit'-Jolmaon't 'Vanity of Human Wlshea,'?!?. 

Votes UN Bn(»KS:-'Earlv Ent;llab DrxinatieU'-' A 

B™>k for a Jfalny Uay' — 'A Uraugbl of the Blue'— 

■ Proverbs lui'l tbe'r L»Mon».' 

Obituary :— Ocorgfl Jacob Holyoake. 


Some two year» a^co. wlien I wa« paying a 
Bort visit to Englisli Harbour, in the south- 
Ht corner of tlie island of Antigua, I made 
the following note's upon an old disused 
burial - ground situate^l on the Shirley 
Heights* close by. I had intended to send 
Uiern to ' N. Js Q'.' at the time, but. as I 
wi.shed to verify a .story connected with the 
old dockyard here, I deferred doing so until 
a raore "convenieut season." 

The commemoration of the centenary of 
tiie great Nelson's death and the victory 
of Trafalgar seem^ to be that more " con- 
venient season " to me, sitting here in 
Clarence House, once the abode of our iSaiior 
King, William IV.— a building still belonging 
to tl»e English Government, though occa- 
nionally used as a temporary asylum for 
officers administering the government of this 
colony who may be in search of rest or 
health, for the Oovernor'a seat at Dow's 
Hill, higlier up the sloiie or "Ridge," was 
destroyed by tlie hurricane of 1848. As I sit, 
I »oo below me that now disused, but once 

* So named Itom Sir Thuraaa Sliiiley, Burt., a 
ioruier Uoveruor. 

important and still niowt interesting old 
dockyard of Engli-sh Harbour — very im- 
portant indeed in those days of English and 
French naval wars, and amongst the waters 
where Rodney and under him added 
lustre to the naval supremacy of old England. 
Here, just below Clarence House, yet hang 
together the fragments of what is still 
known as "Nelson's Jetty." From here, too, 
is very noticeable the entrance to the inner 
harbour itself, across which stretched at one 
time a huge iron chain, the remnants of 
whicli may still be seen embedded in the 
sand of Freeman's Bay, 

It was through this entrance and from this 
harbour that— according to the Governor's 
proclamation recently issued here calling 
upon all loyal citizen.s to decorate their 
houses in honour of " Nelson's Day"— the 
great sea-captain sailed on hin last voyage to 
meet tlie French and Spanish f^eetn, a voyage 
whicli ended so gloriouslj' in Trafalgar Bay ; 
so that Antigua may be said to have been 
the last port from which Nelson sailed. 

It is touch to be regretted that circum- 
stances — amongst wliich may be stated the 
great financial depression through which 
these islands are still struggh'ng — have nob 
permitted the Leeward Islands to celebrate 
the gr«»at centenary in any other fashion 
than that indicated in the Governor'!? pro- 
clamation ; for few places in tlie West Indies 
can claim a better right to share in any cele- 
bration of Nelson, who, as captain of H.M.S. 
Boreas, found liis bride at the neighbouring 
island of Nevia in the person of Mrs. Frances 
Herbert Nisbet, tlie widow of a local doctor 
and a member of a well-known Nevis family. 
The house and residence of the bride, Mont- 
pelier — in which the marriage actually took 
place (it did not take place in Fig Tree 
Ciiurch, as ia popularly supposed)— is now in 
absolute ruins ; but one of tfie huge stone 
balls, fallen from its pillar, yet marks wliere 
the entrance gate.s stood. Still in the vestry 
in Fig Tree Church — a mile or twu distant 
from Montpelier — carefully preservetl in a 
little wooden box, through tho covering glass 
of which it can be easily decipheretl, lies the 
original entry of tho marriage register, which 
runs as follows : — 


March 11. Horatio Nelaon, Eaquirc, Captain of His 

Majesty'! nhip the Boreas, to Frances Herbert 

Nisliet, Widow. 

And now from the great naval dead let 
us pass to those who have no less honourably 
laid down their lives in the sister service, 
whicli bringa me to the subject-matter of 
this paper. 


NOTES AND QUERIES. (io« s. v. jxx. 27. iwr 

Through a decaying gateway one enters 
Una old bu rial -g round— like too many others 
in thia island, dilapidated and disused. On 
the upper part of the ground, and within a 
few yards of its southern extremity, stands 
a stone obelisk, or four-Hided cone of stone, of 
some 15 or Id feet in height, on a tstone plintl) 
of about 7 feet square. It was erected by 
their comrades as a tribute to the memory of 
those orticers, non-commi$sioned oftioers, and 
men of the old 54th regiment* who tiied, as 
the inscription iu roman capitals states, 
"during the service of the corps in tho islands of 
Antigua, St. Kittn, Doininioa, and St. Liicta from 
March, MprL"cxi.viii [7] to June, mdcccli." 

Originally, I may say, several and distinct 
colonies, each with iw own Lieutenant- 
Governor under a Governor- General, the 
first three of these islands have been since 
1871 the three principal of the lyjeward 
Islands group, whilst St. Lucia now forms 
one of the Windward Islands. 

1. The face of the eastern aide, which con- 
tains the above description, is devoted to 
ANTir.L'A, the name Ijeing engraved in bold 
roman capitals on a tablet above tlie names 
of those whose memory it is designed to per- 
petuate. This side is by far the best pre- 
served, and the greater part of the names 
recorded are still to be read, the upper ones 
being in the worse state of preservation. 
They are : — 

8CRGKOK SON [full name ^terithed]. 

e>'si(':n cgorrg d...ii:l kinahan. 

skbjt vincknt nkvk (?) samdkl cox 



T. If. DAKBrSllIRB. 

Then follow in two parallel columns the 
names of about forty privates, all of which 
can be fairly deciphered. 

2. A similar tablet facing north denotes 
ST. KiTTS ; but whilst this remains clear and 
comparatively frexh, alt the names recorded 
l)elow have perished, only a few isolated 
letters remaining. It is evident, however, 
that they were much fewer than tiiose under 

3. On the south side appear those under 
Dominica,, apparently about the same in 
number as the last. Here again only one 
name in the top line can be deciphereil — 
that of HEKKY (?) BROWN. Only a few isolated 
letters of the rest can be made out. 

4. With regard to the south side— that to 
the west — the converse seems to have been 
the case. The title on the tablet intended for 

• Formerly the We»t Norfolk Regjnient, and 
now the 2nd BaltitlioD of the Dorsets (-^Ib), 

sT LUC7A. is gone, the merest trace of the laiit 
two letters alone being there. At the top of 
the left corner the word pte (Private) atiU 
remains legible, and in various degrees of 
legibility are the names of the foUowiog : — 





Apart from the inscription, this side of the 
monument shows the most signs of wear and 
stress of weather. Tin's tendency to wear 
best on the weather side in the kind of stone 
of which the obeli-'ik is com posed (an igneous or 
volcanic rock) is strongly exemplified in some 
massive stone columns of the same material 

— now in ruins — in the old dockyard 

Close along under the southern wall of the 
burial-ground, and l)etween it and the, are numerous oblong heaps of ttonee, 
no doubt representing the burial-place of the 
various soldiers whose names are recorded) 
on the monument, and who were baried in 

In the south-eastern corner of the ground, 
and not far from the obelisk, is a Atone aJtar- 
tomb, showing signs of decay, to the tneniory 
of Harriott, wife of Sergeant- Major Whippin, 
of H.M. 54th Regiment, •' who fell a ^u■tim 
to the withering effects of this climate and 
dysentery," on 23 .lanuary, IB6I. aged 33S 

On a lower part of the burial-ground, to 
the west, and further removefi from the 
obelisk, are two large stone altAr- tombs 
enclosed within iron railings. In one of 
these an incised stone slab records the death 

of "t'HAKLEs DAWSON. M.D , surgeon 

64th [IJ Regiment"— porhapv •' as the 

"suar.EoN SON "on the ol ,« date 

and restof the inscription are mni ipncrable 
except the words at the bottom, ** ja.nk mast 
DAWSON," in roman letters. The inscription 
on the other tomb is practically indeci- 
pherable—at least OS seen from tim railings 

— only a word here and tl)«re being 

Close by is an upright stone re*;ording the 
death of Elizabeth, wife of Philip (", 
Royal Artillery, who died 20 r t, 

aged 28 ; also the deaths of twosni. ii» 

in infancy. 

On what appears to have lip«n kti r«xt<»n<iif>n 
of the lower part of the 1 : " , t,g 

north, are several tombst< ; 

or at all events oriiiina ., ; ,f 

these are in a terriM. hi.ii,. ,,f ^\ 

I decay. Amongst theso 1 wu^ at>ie i.» nt'ciinitr. 

io« B. V. J.VK. -T. 1906.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 

on one atone, the names of several artillery- 
men who had succumbed a year or two later, 
so far as I could make out, than tho^e 
recorded on the obelisk. Several other .stones 
showed names in all .stages of decipherability, 
or rather iudecipherability. One waa to 
Patk- Greenan of H.M. -lUth Regiment, who 
died in 1858, aged 24. Another half-aunken 
stone was to Private Patk. ilanrahan, who 
died 2 Nov., 18.'i2 (rest indecipherable). 

This part of the ground would seem to 
have been used for regiments which had 
«uccee<Jed to the .")4th, who api)arently left 
in 1S51, though on one I could make out khe 
name of a lex" elderton (the rest was gone), 
whose namo also appears amongst the forty 
or more jjrivates of the 54th Regiment on 
the obelisk. The preponderance of what 
seem to be Irish names in this part of the 
ground suggests that it may nave been 
reserved for Roman Catholics. 

My object in sending these particulars to 
*N. & Q.' is to aroase some interest in this 
disused and dilapidated old burial-ground, 
which contains the remains of so many Eng- 
lishmen who diexl on foreign service. Surely 
the "memory" to which these silent— yet 
most eloquent— stones appeal should survive 
more than half a century ! 

There still remain old stone barracks on 
the opposite spur of the "Ridge" — fine 
buildings even in their ruins— whicli con- 
tained separate buildings for Grenadiers, 
artillery, and line regiments. Outside the 
main facade of the ruins of one of tiiese— 
formerly constituting the officers' quarters — 
is still clearly visible the following inscrip- 
tion : "Erected in 1780 by order of His 
Excell' Lieut. Gen' Mathew." 

I will not stop to inquire on whotn rests 
the responsibility of keeping up these memo- 
rials of the Imperial dead, but one^might 
hope that the present representatives of 
those "comrades" in the old fiJth who 
erected this monument might do something 
before the pathetic record of its services in 
such a "withering climate" (which soldiers 
and civilians alike have to face in their duty 
to the CVown) is lost altogether. 

But it must be done soon. The last two 
years even have laid their hands very 
roarke<ily on the place, which is fast becom- 
ing an in\|>etietrar)le wilderness, overgrown 
with acacia bushes and prickly cactus. It is, 
perhaps, unfortunate that this should be so 
just at the lime when the British Admiralty 
has apparently made up its mind to give Up 
the Huiierintendence of the old dockyard at 
Englijin Harbour, which still belongs to it. 
One cannot regard without regret the sur- 

render of this fine old shipyard— which must 
have cost millions to construct— with its stilL 
useful and massive buildings and masonry. 

J. S. Udal. 
Anti;?ua, W.I. 

{To bt eoacluded.) 

In his pleasant 'Introduction ' to Sfience'^ 
'Anecdotes' ("The Scott Library," vol. Hi., 
no date), Mr. John Underhill mention.s, as- 
one of the beautiful traits in this author's 
character, " the great love which ho had 
for his mother." I should like to learn where 
this lady spent her declining years and when 
and where she died. Is there no tablet to 
her memory, placed in church or churcliyard 
by her son ? Singer, in his ' Life ' of Spence- 
(second edition, 1858), states that her maiden 
name was Mirai>ella Collier, and from his- 
brief account of her I gather that she was a. 
daughter of Thomas Collier (who has Ijeen 
described as "of Shoe Lane, London, 
brewer") by his marriage, at Lawrence 
Waltham, Berks, in 166.'), with Maria, third 
daughter of Sir Thomas Lunsford, Knt., and 
his second wife, Katherine, daugliter of 
another knight. Sir Henry Novill (who died 
in 1G2S>), of Billingljear, Berks. See Cullec- 
tane'% Top. et Gen., iv. 142 ; Metcalfe's^ 
'Visitation of lierkahire, lGfi4-6,' p G6. Sir 
Thomas Lunsford was the lloyahst colonel 
at tlie news of whose appointment in 
December, 1641, to the lieutenancy of the 
Tower of London, "all England was 
alarmed." See his biographj' in the 'D.N B.,' 
x.\xiv. 281. 

Spence's father, the Rev. Joseph Spence, 
was born at Cambridge, and was the son of 
yet another Joseph Spence, who, as he is 
called "coquus," was probably a college 
cook. He was educated at St. Paul's School, 
London, under Dr. Gale, and at St. John's 
College, Cambridge, where lie was admitted- 
a sizar, when aged sixteen, on 14 July, H>77. 
See Prof. Mayor's 'Admissions' to that 
College, pt. ii. p. C'j. He graduated B A. in 
1681, and M.A. in 1G8.1, and was a fellow of 
St. John's from April, 1685, until about IC94. 
See Baker's ' History ' of the Collego, pfj. 300, 
301; and 'Graduati Cantab.' In 1687 he 
was appointe<l a minor canon of Winchester 
Cathedral, and in 1093 also the precentor 
there. These posts he retained until 1712. 
Meanwhile he became rector, first of Winnall, 
near Winche«ter. ami afterwards, of Alver- 
stoke (Singer's " I'lversloke") ; being insti- 
tuted, according to two certificates at th«* 
Record Office, to Winnall on 20 Sept., ifA'i 


NOTES AND QUERIES, lio'- 8. v. jax. 27. u 

and to Al verstoke on 3 Aug., 1703. In the first 
certificate lie is miscallecl " Joseph Spencer." 
In both certificates he is described as M.A., 
and for that reason I have identified Spence's 
father with the fellow of St. John's, who was 
the only graduate of his names in the last 
decade of the seventeenth century. He 
vacated the living of Alvoratoke in 1714, and 
I have failed to trace him later. Singer 
believed that he died in 1721. Can any 
reader supply the date and place either of 
iiis marriage or of his death ? 

The biographers of .Joseph Spence, the 
author, say that he was born at Kingsclere, 
Hants. on*25 April, lG99,a dato which agrees 
witli his being in his seventieth year, as 
sUted on the tablet in Bytleet clianceU 
Surrey, when he died on 20 August, 1708— 
not 20 April, as in Mr. Underhill's 'Ititro- 
<Iuction,' p. xxix. Moreover, I am informed 
that the KinRsclere register records what 
seems to be his baptism as occurrtng there 
on 28 May, 1G9&. He managed, liowever. to 
keep his reputed age down to fourteen longer 
than most mortals can. At the Winchester 
College election of 1715, held apparently 
about 27 August, he gained fifteenth place 
for a scholarship, and for some reason or 
other was tlien entered on the election in- 
denture as "annorurn 14 vicesimo nouo die i 
Maii ultimo pretcrilo." For admission as a [ 
scholar he had to wait until 22 Sept., 171G, 
■wlien the next election was close at hand, 
and was then put down in the College 
register as aged fourteen on 29 May, 171H. In 
the following April ho matriculated from 
Magdalen Hall, Oxford— when, according to 
Foster's * Alumni Oxon.,' he passed for six- 
teen — but he nevertheless remained for three 
years more at Winchester, becoming head of 
the school by the autumn of 1719. and enter- 
ing OS probationary fellow of New College 
OB 30 April, 1720, "in loco Georgii " 

Spence. when he died in 1768. seems to 
have had few living relations. In his will, 
dated "Sedgefield, August 4th, 1766," pro- 
bate of which (with a codicil) was granted to 
two of his executors on 18 Feb , 1769, and to 
the tliird(Edwardllolle)on5 May,1769(P.C.C., 
Bogg 01), he mentions only two as such, whom 
he calls " cousins " : a Mrs. Lawman, a widow, 
whom he provided with a small annuity, 
and H Joseph Spence Berry, a lad to whom 
he left a legacy to enable him to be appren- 
ticed to a good trarle. Joseph Spence, how- 
ever, was apparently not his parents' only 
child ; for the Rector of Kingsclere has kindly 
informe<l me that two other sons of Joseph 
and Mirabella Spence were baptized there, 

namely, John (on 24 March, 1699, O.S.) ant 
Richard (on IG March, J 700, OS). 

W^ho was the "Mrs. Fawkeuer. an opulet 
relation," who, according to Singer, too 
young Spence under her protection 1 
suppose that the ' D.N.B ,' liii. 33G, has made 
a man of her by a slip. There was a family i 
this name at Kingsclere in the seven teen t 
century. (See Berry's ' Hants Genealogies^ 
p. 297.) Singer says that she died in 1714 ; 
and notwithstanding Singer's suggestion that 
"the severity of the school discipline'' at 
Eton was the cause of Spence's removal tq_ 
Winchester, I am inclined to think that th 
ciiange in his pecuniary position consequei 
ujwn her death was the real cause. At Et.< 
he was probably an "oppidan." At 
rate, his name is not in Mr. R. A. Auat 
Leigh's 'List of Eton Collegers, 1661-1790. 

H. C. 


The song of which Col. Prideadi 
speaks, ante, p, 14, referred to the Exhibition 
of 1851, and ran as under : — 

Tbe names of these two warriors, whom here yon 

may !;ee, 
Arc Oremansn and Cislie-goshe-fcee, 
And after such a speciiiieu of Jibbeway 
1 am Bure yoii 11 excuse me at once if I uy, 

f) Jibbeway, .Jibbeway Indiaus, 

O Jibbeway, Jibbeway O. 

Yoii liilk iiboiit wonders : just look upon th« 
Yon tliink tbeiii two little industrious fleas; 
Uut just through a micro8co|>e Ioi>k at their luu^s. 
Ami your two little ileas become horrid huniburai. 

Oee ho, Dobbin ; gee ho, Dobbio ; ijee ho, Dobuia ;' 

Gee up and (Jee ho. 

To sec yon in clover comes Madame Tusaaad ; 

Ho ho, ho ho— ho ho, ho ho — 
Your jiortrait in waxwork she's anxious lo nhovr ; 
._^_ The Kill)? of the Frenuh and Fiesclii the traitor. 
Bull Commissioner Lin and the Greal Agitator, 

j Cjueeiis, princes, and ministers, all of them go — 
Ho ho, Jio ho — ho ho, ho ho — 
To sit for their portraits to Madame Tussaud — 
Uo ho, ho ho no. 

ChinK-a-ring-a-ching-ohinK, Feast of Lantern?, 

W'hnt a lot of chopsticks, harpf, and gouj^a ! 
What a lot of Chinese criokuni crankums 

Hung amon^r the bells and diug-clon^s 2 
Women with their ten toes tight tucked into 

Tidi-iddi shoes one hardly sees ! 
Where they all came from s quite a wonder ; 

China must be broken iu pieces. 

Yankee doodle came to town on a little pooy. 
This little man of great renown who stmts lik« 

little Boney ; 
All the wondem here to send Jonathan 's a matii* ] 
I wish he'd send the dividend that's duo frou 


The soDg had, as Col. Faidbaux saya. 

lO"" 8. V. Jax. 27. 1900] NOTES AND QUERIES. 



different tune to each verse — naoatly 
popular tuuea of the day. 

Laukcelot Archer. 

83, Vincent ijqu&re, ij.W. 

Forty - five years ago I had a little son 
with ail extraordinary muHical ear, who used 
to pick up street songs and others. I have 
no idea where he got the one of which Col. 
PitroEACX prints tlie first verse, as I never 
otherwise heard of it ; but I think these two 
verses may please your correspondent : — 

Women with their ten toea light tucked into 
Fitidle-faddle shoes yon scarce could see : 

How (liey ever got there's ()iiite a wonder ; 
China must be broken in piecea. 

Ching-arinij-ii-ring-chiMg, &c. 

What a lot of Fekin pots and pipkins. 

Mandarins with pigtails, ringx, and strings, 

Funny little »lop-shop'», cases, places, 
Hung abont with bells and dine-dongs. 
Ching-a-riug a-rinR-cninR. 

Maky a. Howell, 

In the early forties I can recollect ' Ching- 
a-Ring,' but remember only two stanza-s. 
There were three, I fancy. The two were as 
follows : — 

Chintr-a-ring-chiiiK, Feast of Lanterns, 
Such a crop of cho]>-slicks. hongs, and gongs. 

Hundred thotisaml Chineae erinknm craukums, 
Hung about with bells and ding-dongs. 

Such a lot of Pekin pots and pipkios, 
^ Mandarins with pigtails, rings, and strings. 
Funny little slop-shope, casea, places, 
tJtuck about with cups and tea-things. 


Party Colours. (See e'*- S. i. 35.% 382; 
ii. 175, 337, i'A ; 9"' S. vi. 284.)— Startling 
change ia to be noted in election colours. All 
o%-er Middlesex the Tories used to be "true 
blue," like the WIiIkh in Surrey, while the 
Middlesex Whigs used the Fox Westminster 
buff and blue, printing in blue letters on a 
buff or light yellow paper. At the time of 
the "Spirited Foreign Policy" many Tories 
took to the use of the red, white, and blue, 
forgcttingthatthese are the national coloursof 
France and of Russia (as well a^ of Holland). 
In 1886 the opposition to Home Rule con- 
firmed thiii odd selection, and the Liberals 
began to both blue and red. At the 
present or last election red was the Liberal 
colour in Westminster. In some divisions of 
Middlesex the Tories are now using red, and 
the Liberals blue. In many parts of England, 
of course, besides Surrey, tlie Liberals have 
long been blue; but in other parts "Blue" 
is etjujvalent to "Tory," and the "True Blue" 
olubi are Conservative. P. C S. 

Locke Manuscrm-t.— I think the following 
passage, which I have taken from The 
Litemry O'azeftf of 14 February, 1839, will 
interest students of John Locke : — 

"The Chelmsford Chronicle states that a parcel 
of manuscripts has come into the possession of 
Dr. Forster. of Dorehani, including the original 
MS. of Locke's Essay concerning Human Under- 
standing, with numerous corrections and erasures; 
Original Letters from Locke (partly dated from 
Amsterdam during his exile), on various iwlitical, 
religious, and miscellaneous subjects ; some original 
familiar letters of Algernon Sydney, Lord yiiaftea- 
bury, antl others ; correspondence of Timpe. author 
of Kmendalionesiutjuidain ; of the late Mr. Richard 
Oough, the anllquary ; a curious M.S. work on 
coin*, by iitukely ; some critiques of the history of 
8ir .Tolio Hawkwood, of hsible Hedinghani by 
liough ;— and a large corresiiondence between the 
Hon. Thomas I'itt, first Ixird Camelford, front 
Naples, and the late Benjamin Forster, resident at 
lirooniHeld, in Chelmsford. There is also a M.S. 
relating to the origin of the Abbey of St. Neols in 
Cornwall : a Syriac MS. ; and oilier miseellaneoua 
papers. Hut what is most remarkable is, that it 
seems evident from a passage in one of Loeke"» 
letters, that he has somewhere left an unpublished 
metaphysicsl work on Cause and Effect, entitled, 
' On Perceiving all things in God,' which bos either 
been lost or suppressed. 

W. Roberts. 

Mr. Roosevelt's Scots Ancestry : Bol- 
lochs of Baldernock. — a brief article on 
Mr. Roosevelt's Scots ancestry in 7'he Dnilii 
Chronicle of 4 January suggests some curious 
minutire not quit* suitable for a daily iiewK- 
paijer. Mi. Roosevelt's mother. Marlba Bui- 
focli, was the greatgraiKldaugUler oi a James 
Bulloch, who was born "in Scotland" in 
1701, ami went to South Carolina in 172!1 
viii Glasgow. Nothing has been discovered 
about his origin, but he probably belonged 
originally to atirlingshire, for the parish of 
Baldernock is the cradle of the Bullochs. At 
any rate, a very interesting coincidence arises 
in the President's love of an athletic and 
outdoor life. In making some minute in- 
quiries into the history of the Stirlinpshiro 
Bullochs I find that this characteristic has 
become a tradition in most of the families o£ 
the name— quite independent of the theory 
into which 1 venture to press it. Thus a 
record for throwing the light weight at Cam- 
bridge was recently established by Mr. J. H. 
Bulloch, a member of the well-known diatil- 
ing family of Glasgow, who originally came 
from Baldernock. His uncle is an inveterate 
angler. One of his kinsmen, Archibald 
Bulloch (born about 1750), was presented in 
1829 with a sword by the county of Dum- 
barton for "charging single-handed a number 
of Chartists wlio were in pos-session of a 
forge, making pikes, and capturing about a 
doion of them.** It is further ceU^A^ «A.\via»' 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [io« b. v. Ja.-.. 27. i906. 

«nd hi* brother John, who was the grao<l- 
father of Mr. J. H, Bulloch, that they could 
write their naine^ on a wall with clialk wliile 
a 5«i-lb. weight was hanging on to their little 
finger. Another Archioald Bulloch, fanner 
at Braingut, Stirlingshire, early in last cen- 
tury, wan uot«l for his .strength. From a 
manuscript autobiography written by my 

5;randfather, whose family also came from 
ialdernoclc, I tind that hh uncle James 
Bulloch, \'M\\ Dragoons, who was killed in 
the Peninsular War, was " a very gigantic, 
Btrong-built man, 6 ft, 4 in. in height" He 
was said to lie a full yard acroas the 
shoulders. His brother William Bulloch, 
who enlisted in the H.L I. in 1806, and was 
wounded at Viltoria, was " so tall and stout 
that he passed muster at the a^e of fifteen for 
a lad of eighteen." Many a tune, when the 
13tii Dragoons and his regiment met, " he 
was pointed out as the brother of James 
Bulloch, the tall swordsman." He could 
'*lift up a cask weighing 4cwb. and place it 
on a vehicle." In Hjgl)land tradition the 
Ballochs (it was thus the name was origin- 
ally spelt) were famous for their strength. 
Thus (according to The Celtic Manazme), 
AlasUir Baltoch, of Strathnaver (.//. 1437). 
was a man of "enormous strength and 
stature." These coincidences of a family 
characteristic which is so well exemplified in 
President Roosevelt, while proving uothiug 
in the way of descent, are interesting, 

118. Pall Mali. 

"Toi-iSAMBOtT."— This odd name for the 
Jerusalem artichoke is rather French than 
English, but it is used by some of our 
aeventeenth-century autliors. John Davies, 
of Kidwelly, in his ' History of the Caribby 
Islands,' ICGC, p. 5G. says: "These Topin- 
ambou-s or Artichokes, which are now not 
only very common in most parts, but cheap, 
ana .slighted, as l>eing a treatment for the 
poorer sort, were heretofore accounted deli- 
cacies." I cannot find the term in any Kng- 
Ush dictionary. It is unicjue from a philo- 
logical point of view, as it is really tho name 
of n tribe of Branlian Indians (see Littni). 
The French seem to have transferred it from 
the eaters to their staple diet, much as we 
transfer the surname ''Murphy" to tho 
Pot*^o- Jas. PLArr.Jun. 

LlSK WITH Scott. — In its " occasional 
verse this month, ClKUnbtrss Jonnitil, which 
happily maintains its popnianty, prints a 
poem entitled * Holiday.' whiclTis of unique 
iiitcrest as coming from the pen of a resident 
iu Edinburgh who is approaching hia uiuety- 

fifth birthday. The reminiscences of the 

nonagenarian, Mr. George Croal, who was a 

journalist and is the father of journalists, 

include visits to James Hogg in hia uativo 

Ettrick, and commendation from Sir 

Walter Scott, to whom lie played somo 

Scottish airs at Abbotsford. Mr. Croal, loo, 

heard— and he must be the only person now 

living who ha-s this memory — Sir Walter 

avow himself the author of the Waverley 

Novels. With the following cheery outlook 

his poem closes : — 

Bleat apirit with the one thing needful rraagbt, 

Bv grace of Heaven thy utterance is taught ; 

'' Welcome the blessed hour, come when »t m»y. 

Which brings the Everlasting Holiday." 

J. Origoh. 

Thomas IIbabnes Tomb. (See 9"' S. iv. 
142 ) — Mr. Pickford, and pos.sibly others, 
may be glad to know that, by the exertions, 
and largely at the expense of the Oxford 
Architectural and Historical Society— aided 
by contributions from the Oxford University 
Antiquarian Society and from Hcveral 
private individuals— the tomb was last year 
rebuilt, and the inscription waji recut on a 
stone which looks likely to preserve the 
antiquary's memory for somo generations. 


BfJEAM's Bdildinc;s. (See G"" S.x. 407.)- 
Here are two more notes for the tepeopHag 
of a street which interests us all : — 

Henry Collier, of Bream's Buildings, near 
Red Lion Square, died 1.3 August, 1743 
(Musgrave's 'Obituary,' ii. 42). 

In 17r;l Ant. Allen, Master in '" v, 

jiail Itis ollice in Bream's Buildin * 

' Almanack,' 112). \'« *. • i>. 

" HoAST."— In The Pall Mall Magazine for 
January, p. 25, the author of a lyric entitled 
*The Little Toun' explains that the word 
" lioast," to which he gives prominenc«\ is 
"a name applied in Scots dialect to tlie half- 
suppressed cough which denotes derision or 
contempt." This may be true 80 far as it 
goes, but it is not a definition, Ono might 
as well t«ll a Scotsman that an English 
luminary is none other than that which lie 
recognizes under the name of a farthing 
candle. A "boast," indeed, is at times any- 
thinjj but "half-suppressed," and it may bo 
infinitely distressing, In lii>( ' Kini: Hurt,' 
ii. 75, Gavin Douglas links i! 
and palsy as a ssubtle and nl\< 
grating force. According to tii* 
Catderwood, John Knox in his 
" became so feeble with a boast tii 
not continue his ordinar task of i 
Scripture" Burms Id his *£pistli> to JauiM 


W* 8. V. Jan. 



Smith ' describes old a^o as " liostuti hirplan 
owre tlia field " ; and lie makes Ins "young 
lassie" contemn the very tliougtit of a 
venerable partner, Ijecause " lie UohU and he 
hirples the weary day lang.' In a wort! " to 
lioast," aa used "in Scots dialect" (if, in- 
deed, that phrase has not a limited applica- 
tion), ia simply to cough, and this holds true, 
whatever form the explosive utterance may 
amame. Thomas Bavne. 

Election Jingle— While electioneering in 
crowded central districts during contests 
years apart I have retteatediy heard this 
doggerel sung by woricitig class children. 
The words and air aeem to be generally 
known: — 

Viite, vote, vote, for Mr. ; 

I'ul old on the lloor. 

For is Ihe man, 

And we '11 have hirii if we can. 

And wo won't vote fur — - any more. 

Obviously, a name of two syllables is best 
adapted for the verse. The curious part of it 
is that the last line is sung with gusto, though 
the candidate may be a new wooer of the 
electorate, as with friends of mina It may 
be used by any side in politics. 

Fbancis r. Marchant. 

ijlreatbani Common. 

[!• not IhU siiKuestcd by the rhythm of 

Tramp, tramp, troinp, the boys are inarching, 

popular io England durioR the Aniericaa Civil 
War ?} 

We muit re'inent correHpoudenta desiring in- 
fonnatioii on family uialterB of only |irivate interest 
to ailix their naniea and addretoeM to their (queries, 
ID order that auiwers may be sent to tlieni direct. 

Frrz-UAumcE Family.— Can any of your 
readers say who the first wife was of Thomas 
Fitzraaurioe (b. 1502, d. 1590), sixteenth Lord 
of Kerry and Lixnaw, and by which of his 
wives he had issue his son and succedsor 
Patrick and )us other children ? 

This Thomas was in foreign parts when, 
on the death of his brother (Jerald. the 
fifteenth lord, in ly.'>0, he succeeded to tlie 
title. Lodge in hia ' Peerage of Ireland ' 
(17HU) says of him : — 

"Soon after his return to Ireland (beinR then 

lorl> ,..(1, first, AtarK»ret, 

I'Calle I of JatoeB, the four- 

'•••'''' ' --.;.,, ., he had fourson« 

and one diiugliier; aeconillv. Cftthuriiie, only 

daugliter Htul hfir of Teige Mm-Carlhy More, elder 

' ■ ' ' ' ■ , • ■ ; ;nrl of Claiicarre, and l>v lier, 

ilpojt in tlie i«t«nd of ICleati- 

' . .- 'ne, and »»n» buried with her 

AtUimUtn lu thvijrey Friary of Irrelaugh [Muck- 

ro»8 Abbey], haviox no issue, he married thirdly 
Fenelojje, daughter of Kir I>onald O'lirien, brother 
of Cooijor, the third Eirl of Thomond ; and by her, 
wlio remarried with Anthony f^anghlen. Lord of 
Biirren, he likewise had no issue." 
Lough Lein is the ancient and present name 
of the Lower Lake of Killarney. 

In a manuscript pedigree of the Lords of 
Kerry in the British Museum (Hot. Lansd. 
28), described as of the early seventeenth 
century, the order of Thomas Fitzinau rice's 
first and second marriages, and the mother 
of his son and successor Patrick, are given as 
in Lodge. This manuscript ends with the 
eighteenth lord, who is descrilwd as "now 
Lord of Keyry." The eighteenth lord suc- 
ceeded 1600, and died 1C30, and it is not 
unreasonable to suppose that the compiler 
of this pedigree, a contemporary of the 
eighteeutli lord, would have kno'Ati who that 
lord's grandmother was. In agreement also 
with Lodge is a pedigree of tliis family in 
the Cotton MSS., Brit. Mus,, as is also the 
account uf Thoiuas Fitzmaurice in the 'Diet. 
Nat. Bing.' In his description of Patrick 
Fitzmaurice, the seventeenth lord. Lodge 
states that he was born in 15-11. This, the 
context shows, must have beeti a slip, and 
was probably an error for 1551. 

In the account of the Fitzmaurice family, 
however, given in 'The Complete Peerage' 
by O. E C (I8a2), the order of the first two 
marriages of the sixteenth lord is reversed, 
and he is said to have '* apjmrentlv" married 
first Catharine, daughter of Teige AlacCarthy 
More, and all his issue is described as having 
been by her, and his second wife is said to 
have " apparentty " beeji Margaret, daughter 
of James, fourteenth Earl of Desmond. 
G- E. C. produces no evidence iti support of 
ttiis except the statement of Loflge (which 
there can be little doubt was a clerical error) 
that Patrick, the seventeenth loni, was born 
in 1541, and his statement that Tiiumas 
Fitzmaurice married Jlargaret, Desmmid's 
daughter, after he succeeded to the title in 
1550. But Lodge mentions the names and 
gives some account of tiie four sons and the 
daughter of this marriage witii Margaret 
Fitzgerald, stating that I'atrick, the eldest 
of these sons, was heir to his father, whom ho 
succeeded in 1590. He also clearly states 
that Thomas, the sixteenth lord, married, nn 
his second wife, Catliarine MacCartliy More, 
and i»y her had no issue. Lodge in compiling 
his peerage is said to have had free accesa 
to the papers (now lost or «lisperse<l) of 
Francis Thomas (d. 1818), twenty-third lord 
and third Furl of Kerry, 

In the earlier editions of Burke's 'Peerage' 
the order of the wives aad the vswoa <A ^* 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [i^ ». v. Jas. 

sixteenth lord are described &s in Lodge, but 
since the publislnnR of G. E. U.'a ' Peerage,' 
Burke has altered hia entry, and now describes 
the sequence of these marriageBand theittaue 
ID agreement with G. E C 

It is recorded in 'The Annals of the Four 
MA4ter»' that in 15&3 Margaret, daughter of 
James Fitzgerald, "and wife of MacJIaurice, 
died ; and she [i.e her death] was a cause of 
lamentation " ; and in liis MS. pedigree of the 
Earhof Deamond(1834), Sir William lietham, 
Ulster King-of-Arms, states that Margaret, 
daughter of James, fourteenth Earl of Des- 
mond, and ''wife of Thomas L. of Lixnaw 
in Kerrj', o'j. 1563." Again, in ' Tlie Anoals of 
the Four Masters' is the following : — 

" 1 58*2. Catharine, the dauglilor of Teige, ion of 
I><>iiiiell, son of Corinac Ladhraoh MacCarthjr, and 
wife of MacMaurice [anffUcn Fitzniaurice] of 
Kerry, died. »Slio paasetl Iter last days upon the 
lake of Lean Lirifhiaclaigh, moving from oiio island 
to another throuKh fear of iho [ilunderera ; and ahe 
wa!) interred in the monastery of Airbheallaoh 
[Muckrosa Abbey]." 

Here, then, is mention of the dates of the 
deaths of both Margaret and Catharine, the 
wivos of Thomas Fttzmaurice, and Margaret 
is «aid to have predeceased Catliarine by 
nineteen years. 

Of i*atrick, seventeenth Lord of Kerry, 
Lodge records that he waa " whilst very 
voung sent into England in the nature of a 
nosLuge to Q. Mary," and educated at the 
English Court till upwards of twent)' years 
of age. If Patrick was born in Ibbl, he would 
have been two years old when Mary ascended 
the throne, and seven years old at her 
death. Patrick died 12 Aug., IfitX) and Loilge 
states that " be lies buried witd Ids uncle 
Donald, Earl of Clancare, in that earl's tomb 
in the Grey Friary of Irrelaugli, iti Desmond." 
Now the Earl of Clancare married Honora, 
daughter of James, fourteenth Earl of Des- 
mond, and consequently would have been 
undo by marriage to Patrick Fitzmaurice 
liad the latter been son of Margaret, Des- 
motid's other daughter, who married Thomas 
Fitzmaurice. liad Patrick been Thomas's 
«on by C'alharine, daughter of Teige Mac- 
Carthy, the Earl of Clancare would have 
lieen his great uncle. Tliis Donald (or Donal) 
MacCiirthy More, Earl of Clancare (the first 
and last oiirl), ho crcateti by Elizalveth in 1505, 
did not die till I.'^tOT.and it .seems exceedingly 
improbnblo that Catharine, his brother Teige a 
dauKhtor, would iiavt^ lieen old enough to be 
first wife of Thomas Fitzmaurice and nu)ther 
of bis son Patrick iu ia-»I. There are niatjy 
references to Pwirick in the State W^wm, but 
I fintl no mention nt the date of hit birth. 

Sucli authorities im Burko and G. E, C 

must be referred to with respect, but ibei 
seems to be goo<J reason for thinking ih 
they are in error in their description of tl 
marriages and issue of Thomas, sixteen 
Lord of Kerry and Lixnaw. Sufficient evi- 
dence lias certainly not been put forward for 
altering the hitherto accepted pedigree of 
this family. Can any one supply furtbi 
information on tlie subject ? 

Charle-s Herbert Thompson 

1.33, Harley Street, W. 

Fleetwood of Madras. (See 9"* _S. ix. 
430.)— Mrs. Frank Penny's surmise, in lit 
work on ' Fort St. George, Madras,' thai 
Edward Fleetwood who marrieil Mary Car ' 
was the son of Rol>ert Fleetwood (di« 
Sept. 3, 1G76) is correct, as Edward, then 
youth of sixteen, petitioned in Novembeij 
1684, to be allowed to go out to India, *' beiuj 
sent for by bia mother and Father in Lai 
[i.e., btepfather] Mr. Heathfield, now at Fot 
St. George." j^^dward and 3fary Fleetwoa 
had a large family, and ray object is to elicij 
information, if possible, as to the ancesti 
of this branch. When Robert entered ti 
Company's service in November, 1661, hi 
" securities " were Thomas and Roller 
Bretton ; and at his death his *' sureties ' 
were Mr. Breton and Mr. Wm. Pearce. 

From the * Registers of St. ThotQi 
Apostle' (Harl. Soc, Register Sectic 
vol. vi. li>, 122), I extract the following :— 

Marriage.— 1631, Nov, 8, Henry Fleetwood 
and Katherine Breton. 

JJurial.— lUil, Apl. 29, Katherine, wife of 
Henry Fletewood, stranger. 

Is it known whether Robert was the son of 
the above marriage, and if Thomas anc 
Robert Bretton were related to hiru or 
Henry Fleetwood's wife? A^ain, to whi 
branch of the Fleetwood family did Uent 
belong 1 

Is anything known regarding Mar 
Caryl's ancestry ] R. W, B. 

GoBEsiua : Sheetes. — Who was Gobesiua' 
Who was Sheeterl In the list of write 
on mechanics and military engineering re: 
by Uncle Toby (* Tristram Shandy ' Book IL' 
chap, iii.) occur these names ; but I am 
unaole to identify them. Perhaps they w 
b© familar to some reader of ' N. <k Q 
sus|>ect that there is some disguise or mi 
print in one or both names. W, L. C&OfiS. 

New Haven, Conn., U.S. 

Hafiz, Pkhsian Pout.— Th^re aro innn 
merable editions of Hafiz in lh>' 
they differ from one anothet 
Can any one inform me which i:^ tu:>i 




10- 8. V. jAK. 27. iQoaj NOTES AND QUERIES. 




generally held to be the most authoritative 
text ? I'rof. Pahner, at the end of hia article 
on Hafix in *The Encyclopsedia Briunuica,' 
says, "The best edition of the text is per- 
haps that edited hy Hermann Brockhaus of 
Lemaic, 1854." This is not very conclusive, 
and it was written a quarter of a century 
ago. Has Brockhaus been aupemeded I 

Jas. Platt, Jun. 

•Modern L^niveksal Beitish Traveller.' 
— Can any of your readers say when any 
book or periodical named 'The Modern 
I'niversal British Traveller' was published, 
and where a copy of it can be seen I It ron- 
tains an en);raving of the Upper School at 
Eton, the date of which I should like to dis- 
cover. I imagine the date to have been in 
the first half of the eighteentli century. 

R. A. Adsten Leiuh, 
5, New Street Square, E.G. 

Major Richaed Cro-mwell, 1G48.— In the 
•Journals of the House of Commons,' vol- vi. 
p. 102-21 Dec, 1648-niention is made of 
"Major Richard Cromwell " as having been 

f" long employed by the pArliament both in attend- 
»nce on tho person of the Kinjj [Charles I.] and in 
•everiil other servicM, to his great Charge and 
J£x]ieniie .The Lordo do therefore recommend the 

tonaideratioQ thereof to Ihia house." 

Who was he? Was he related to Oliver 
Cromwell, and if so, how ? Where can I find 
any biographical particulars of him 7 

^ „ C. Ma.son. 

29, Emperor's Gale, S.W. 

"Db-s.": an Adbrevtation.— In a work 
lately isnued by tho Cambridge University 
Press, the author appends his authorities, 
e.7., "published Upsala, 1900, Diss."; " Up- 
sala, 1903, Diss."; " Cambridge, 1902, Diss.' 
I must confess complete ignorance as to 
the force of tho last word. Will any one 
enlighten me? H. P. L. 

[Is it not for Diuertation ?] 

•PAXCHABta': 'Minerva,' 1T35. — la a 
private letter of the year 1735 mention is 
made of two publications {book, pamphlet, 
or paper) thus entitled. Are the authors 

known] J. SCHONBERO. 

terms, chiefly in voguo with publishers and 
booksellers 7 I alreadv have examples at the 
dates appended, but should welcome earlier 
references. Please reply direct. 

' Catalogue of Writers,' 1608. 

" Out of print," 1734 and 1735. 

" Painters' books," 1619. 

"Paper" ("small paper," "large paper," 
"India paper," "fine pafher"), 1790. 

" Pass the press," 1C19. 

" Piping hot," 1789. 

" Pirate " (" literary piracy "), 1734. 

" Plate " 

'* Portable volume," 1616. 

' Proofs.* 1615. 

*' Pregustation," 1G78. 

"Publish in print," 1594. 

" Reprinted," 17.34. 

" Revise the press," 1015. 

"Secondhand books," 1G22. 

"Stereotype," 1827. 

"Title" ("general title," 1734); "half 
title"; "bastard title." 

"Vignette," 1612. 

"Word to the Wise," 1789. 

Wm Jaogard. 
139, Canning Street, Liverpool. 

Peacock as a Christmas Svmbol.— Tlie 
appearance of the peacock oti the covers of 
several Christmas magazines has raised the 
following queries. How is the peacock 
symbolic of Christmas 1 What is the origin 
of the Christmas peacock pjie? The tradition 
that a peacock's llesh is incorruptible, and 
therefore the peacock a symbol of the 
Resurrection, would seem to associate this 
bird with Easter rather than with Christmas. 
Yet we have numerous descriptions of the 
peacock pie and the ceremony attending its 
appearance at the Christmas feast. Whv ? 

L. P. G. 


AfARQuw OF VALADt.— Towards the end of 
the eighteenth century he settled in Wapping 
and donned "a broad brim''; he was not 
recognized as '*a Friend "atthe local meeting- 
bouse. I« anything known of his views? 

Medic DLUs. 

Boor- Trade Tkrhs. — Can some reader 
point to early usage of any of the following 

" CorrEKlLLO."— In an old domentic account 
book, written during the last century, I come 
across tlie following entry : " For six copper- 
illos and cage, 7*. (jJ." I fail to find the word 
in any dictionary, and should be glad if any 
of your readers could enlighten mo. B. 

A.O.R. — A correspondent has sent me 
the copy of a title-page which puzzles him. 
The book is 'Michaelis Ettmiilleri Opera 
Medica,' fob, "Francofurti ad Mcenum et 
Amstelodami A.O.R. mdc.xcvi." 

I conclude that A.O.R. stands for anno 
orbit redem/iti, but 1 have not succeeded in 
finding any explanation of these letters given 
in Ducange under the article 'Annus,' or in 
Uampaon'a ' Medii Myi Kalendarium,' or in 

NOTES AND QUERIES, no* s. v. Jak. 27. looo. 

similar vorks that disease modea of (iftting. 
Have any of your readers come across these 
letters before tlie date in other books ? 

H. T. F. 

Esther Giles : Dr. W. CAKaoN.— Can any 
of your readers give tne information concern- 
ing a family named Giles ] Esther Giles 
maiTied in Btrmingtiam, about 1800. Dr. 
William Carson, of Billies, Kellon, Kirkcud- 
briKht. Dr. Carson subsequently went to 
Newfoundland. (llrs.) C. J. Crosfield. 

Anwotli, I'ark Avenue, Mossley ilill, Liverfiool. 

Gkantham of Goltiio I'amilv. — Can any 
reader of ' N. ii Q.' tell me wliat has become 
of tlie Grantham altar-tomb, antl an ancient 
atainod-glass window, which liarfan ehiliorato 
coat of arms of tiiat family', with llio allusive 
motto **Comme Dieu Grantitos," which a 

?uarter of a century ago was in Goltho 
'hurcli, Lincoliinhire. 

EvERARD Gbeen, Rouge Dragon. 
Heralds' College. 

" PrN-KiRB."— We want a quotation for this 
as applied to a cartridge or breech-loader 
before 1885. (It is said to hnvel)een invented 
in 1835.) J, A. H. MuKKAY. 

" Pin FLAT."— This is said in recent Ameri- 
can dictionaries to be the name in Canada of 
"a Rcow carrying a square sail." I should 
be glad of any information as to this word, 
its age, and the reason for the name. Can 
any Canadian help usi 

J. A. H. Murray. 

(10"> S, V. 28.) 

ilii. I3iLLOcu'f4 query raises an interesting 
point, and poi tiapi 1 may Ixj normitted to go 
mU) tho ftuhjoct in Home doLml. 

Lord tVoinivrtio nmrried "Iwnnie Bell 
Gordon," -23 September, 17i:4 Their 
child, a daughter. Inabella-who aft^rward.-j 
HUcceedeil to the CrumartivMackonzio cstat«!4 
under an entail execute<l by h«'r brother 
Loi*d .MaclcHid, and married in ITttO George 
aixtli Lonl Id i hank — was, according to Sir 
William FniJHM-, born 30 .Xlamh, 172A. .\ftor 
her Lady tVomartio boi-o three Mons and 
nrvrn daunhterH. though Amelia, the thin! 
youiigi".t. wlio died a% a child, in not given in 
u>o onhuary worku of reforoucou 

The vounKMt daught,»r. and tho laUut 

"O"* "' ' fantily. m- >' tnta, who be- 

0*"' '."' I"". ham Murray 

Of « i'. lUrt, .., .. wiu wIhj «a« 

born in the Tower, where her father 
was confineiJ from May. 17-16, till 18 Feb- 
ruary, 1748, where he was allowed to lodge 
at the house of the messenger. I do not know 
the exact date of her birth, but there are 
some curious circumstances to l>e not«d re- 
garding it. In the letter which Mr. HuiXOCH 
quotes, of date 30 October, 1746, her uncle, 
Sir John Gordon, says that Lady Cromartie 
is now " within a very few weeks of her 
time." Twelve weeks afterwards there ap- 
pears an announcement in TIu Scoti J/ ■ m 
lint: "23 January, 1747, at the Town .f 
London, the Countess of Cromartie of a ihrni 
child." When the mental strain which she 
must have undergone for months is con- 
sidered, tiiis is only what might liave 
been expected ; but, extraordinary to re- 
late, six months afterwards there appears 
another announcement in the same pcriotiical : 
" 27 July, 1747, In the Tower of ImiuIou, the 
Countess of Cromartie of a dauchter." It is, 
of course, impossible tl»at Lany Cromartie 
can have had a child in January, and another 
in July of tlie same year; in ordinary cir- 
cumstances one would say the first entrv w»jj 
an error, though how originated would be 
hard to say. But then we Jiave Sir 
John Gordon's letter of 30 October giving 
tiie news that a birth was expected shortly. 
I have no solution of the puzzle to oflfcr. 

It is said that Augusta, the <iaught«r who 
was born in the Tuwor, had tho mark of an 
axe and three drops of blood upon one side 
of her neck ; but this has already been 
discussed (9"' S. ix. 172, 219, 292). 

J. B. 

London Nkwspapkrjs (U>'' S. iv. 510 ; v 
— I will not moot the question what is 
newspaper, but must refer B. M. to 
British Mu.seum catalogues of {teriodi 
publications. Ho will also now on the sa 
shelf tind catalogues of newspapers, which 
have just been printed, in consequence of the 
papers themselves having been sent ^or on 
their way) to Hemlon, their fufmi« li.itne. 
Many readers look U|i»on this as cm lo 

Inking sent to Siberia. Nevertln ,o- 

(hing was imperatively necessary, in order to 
rclie\e tlie space of tons upon tons of papers 
which were seldom referreid to. 

It is with much regret that I 8e<e the 
tendency to mullipl) h>s. Thus, 

lMwJ4lf» that of (1) |>eri licationsal 

the B.M. the?"c are separate catai - 
KtiKliNli and Welsh provincial i 
r ' '.>n and suburb-s ; <t) Scoiin 
1 1. There are oilier multip 

oi IMC c»t*iogu«s— loo long to eni 

10- S V Jan. 77. 1906.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


here, but dbaatrously liisadvantageous for 
the ordinary searcljer, coia|>elliiig au enor- 
mous pretimiuary waate of time to get at the 
simplest thing. 

1 think the late Mr. Cornelius Walford 
issued a project for a catalogue of news- 
pajwrs. In Mr. Boase'a 'Modern 
Biography ' are lists (see indexes to each 
volume) of hundreds of newspapers, pub- 
lished all over the world. But aa a whole 
there h no guide yet publislied, and an 
inquirer simply looks into an abyss of dark- 
uenH. There are two lists of great value : 
* The Newspaper Press iJirectory ' and ' Wil- 
ling's PresD Qulde' ; but Ihe^e are trade, not 
Btudents' lists. Tims, when a weekly like 
Grind lay's Home Xetcs fur India, aher a 
useful and I may say honourable career of 
fifty years, ceases to be published, it drops 
out of tlie lists, like th^ name of a person in 
the ' P.O.D.' The guides give no parting 
word, no history. 

In the series of papers at the B.M. there 
will be found j>ccasional gaps, more annoying, 

ferhapa, to the librarian than tlie searcher, 
have mentioned such in my bibliogrRphy 
'Swimming' frequently, though I can only 
recollect that on p. 3G6, relative to a paper 
calte<} iVo^^fi. I think it is generally early 
Aud last numbers that are deficient. Some 
Ipapera never get to the B.M. at all, as, for 
example, a weekly called Pastime. I do not 
actually say it was not in the library when I 
wrote p. 377, but it can be inferred, as I was 
able Uj refer only to the * P.O.D.' 

Un 24 August. 1868, there was sold <lots 
1209 to 1302) at Sotheby's "a collection of 
short lived periodicals illustrative of the 
history of English jieriodical literature." 
many of the eighteenth century, Sotheby's 
original catalogue^ with the prices, are pre- 
served at the British Museum. 


In the list of works on London news- 

Gipers your correspondents P. L. and JIr. 
AcMlcnAEL make a curious omission in 
ignoring Mr. Joseph Hatton's 'Journalistic 
London,' publishefl first as a serial in I/'irper's 
Af<i'j(i:ine, and afterwards in a volume 
L<Samp.son Ix>w Jc Marston. 1882) whicli for 
the first time penetrated the editorial 
sanctum. The author gave a singularly 
accurate view of the London press at tlie 
time, and evidently all hia interesting per- 
sonal revelations iiad the full authority of 

rity < 
r. 11. 

editors and their staffs. 

In TAe DiLliwp'auher, vol. ii. p. 116, is a 

note, taken from Lund and Water, which 

Lj;ives the namea of twenty-«even London and 

provincial newspapers, with the dates of 
their first publication— eighteenth century 
in nearly every case. At p. 179 of the same 
volume is a long note containing particulars 
respecting a numl)er of London newspapers. 

An interesting note on Manchester papers 
will be found in 7'he Iiihli<>graphfi\ vol. iii. 
p. IIC; and at pp. 153-6 of the same volume 
18 a paper on The London Gazette. 

O. L. Apperson. 


' NicnoLAs NicKLEBY ' (10'" S. i. 166, 217, 
274 ; iv. 455; v. 14). — Ills not of very much 
importance who first discovered Dickens's 
blunder (or sarcasm?) in making Squeers 
send Ilia pupil to weed the ganJen in raid- 
winter ; but as the question has been raiser), 
it may l)e said that the first to put it in print 
(so far as I know) was the late Piobert H. 
Newell ("Orpheus C.Kerr'"), in chap. ii. of 
the travesty of ' Edwin Droo«i ' entitled 'The 
Cloven Foot,' which he publislied in 1870, 
sfiiatim with the original, in the New York 
comic pa[>er I'unckinello, and reprinted ia 
book form. 1 cite his note : — 

"In anticipation of any critical objection to tLo 
introduction of a tiviiiK Hy in December, the 
Adapter begs leave to observe that an auachroniim 
in always lett;itiniato in a work of tiutioii wlien a 
]ioiiit ia to be made. Tliuii in chap. viii. of tlie 
inimilablo "Nit'liolas Niekleby,' Mr. 8<i"ieera ttlls 
Nicholas liinl nioniini? has come, 'and ready iced, 
too*; and that 'tlie pninps f tuze ' ; while oiilv a 
few pages later, in the same chapter, one of Mr. 
^(Iiieera ■ suholara is spoken of as ' weeding the 

I may remark that the whole book is a \*cry 
cle\'er and instructive (though coarse- 
thumbe<i and rather vulgar) study in 
bringing out the weak spotfl in a work of art 
by minutely restating its positions, and 
adapting its detail under new conditions— a 
different method frotn Burnatid's in the 
' Pocket Ibsen,' which is mainly to clear 
away brush woofl and leave the essential 
outline glaringly' visible. The introduction 
also discusses acutely the causes for the 
su|)eriority of average Ettglish fiction to 
American. l'^ M. 

Hartford, Conn. 

Punch, the BEVEnACK (10"' S- iv. 401, 477, 
531 ; V. 37) —I liave read tlic niimy replies 
which my article has called forth, and do not 
think that I shall greatly advance my argu- 
ment by answering with furtlier detail. I 
observe that, though the writers are mostly 
disposed to diffftgroe with me, iiot one has 
made bf)ld to aflirm that Fryer is certainly 
right ; and as 1 guarded myself against pro- 
nouncing him certainly wrong, I have no 



gnmi nvton to tie d\nn*liHf\tid with the re- 
ealt. If rioubt Iw MlrnHLerl, the degree* of 
it miiiit \m vaHouh. 

1 \invn Ui ftpol<jKiz« for my blander in 
rtsnfHwl of Maii'hjUlu't nationality. I mu«t 
r<>nfn<iN that I know notfiinK wiiatever aboat 
him, n[>d t>K^^^ly axmurnrnj him to be a Dutch- 
iitari fiDiii fiiN iiMi rtf tho iJutch word. HaNiiifC 
ohUitiiiil what Im naid from Vule ah<l 
llurnoil, I vurifled in the tranalalioti, not in 
lh» orJKinal. C. li. Mount. 

Hilton a BrotoM origin ban been 8ugg08ted 
for Ihix, it may bo worth pointiriK out that 
ihit IW'olon word ijiiU. in tlio oighkeentii 
conUiry />u)ifii: in in nioro mojlern ortlio- 
Brapli V /'H"«, ami in nuToly a corruption of the 
Fronofi wnrd irttUt (ntM Henry's * I^xique 
l^tymuli^Kiiiupdo Breton Moficrno,' 1(kX)). I 
cannot IumI tliat it ha^ any other timn the 
iM'iKiiial mini4(t of a wrll for dniwinK water, 
and tinioNN Mii. Nkvill hun proof lliat it was 
applind lo a rup ur howl, nin Hululion can 
hardly rank an more tliau lirn froiiijn. 

Ja.s. I'i.att, Jun. 

At a liPHorndant of a family that have 
pridi»d thcMnNxlvrM a« punolt niaknn for many 
KtMipnttioiH, 1 may Nay tliat we have always 
undiM'MUnxl that thii word wa« derived from 
the lVr«ian or I'nlu word ;«h/, five, from 
the (Ivo oHNontinI oloinont.s, vix , brandy (3), 
water (3), rxtm (1), ftngar and lemon (to taate). 
KnwAHO Hkron-Au.rn. 

Amatkkr Dkamatu' Cuiiw (io«»' S. iv. 3K8. 
«J. 4lXi).-In chap. xiii. of * Sketches by 
IW ' will h* ftttind much tnter«atiug matter 
con- -^tres, which, aafar aal 

«aii .: of ihoM Thespian 

IWtt^tc% !■• u\ i)(> w ise rxacjterated. Tke Kra^ 
hff Um waA\ ban pubb»ht<il many articles 
^KMtes Um» Uriti («w ye*<r« (iuctading ■ome qf 
mf OV«) daaltalK wuh the aubject. 

S. J. A. F, 

8tt Wruam H. l>t LixcKT (10^ a IT. 
40ft. MTV— AeoocvliMt lo Lofttwo Sabine's 
*Ajmmncmn LajwIMvSir WtlHMi vu son of 
Sm^Imb D* Lm ww, Qww ti ^tTAagtt. and 
ahnlMi «M «Mi«f «illM-G«MralOtiv«r, «Im 
MUiK in\w liii WsllNr Nlw. Jmmb. a 
llMri Wp Um t , «•• 1mi« ttiaiii-QawBtmor ol 
X««T«rit«aiid4iwl«ft]7B(V 2;««MliMT«t 
Jb* pacgaftiKi, r»iii<i<« and 
'^ ' aad iDaar of Umr 
I art icvoraM of tKeit-McacC T^la- 

of New York. See Appleton'a • Cyclopwiia 
of American Biography, vol. ii. p. 132. Pet«r 
De Lancey waa a third brother, whose de- 
aceodantt are now living in the county of 
Annapolis, Nova Scotia. 

The article on Sir W. De Lancey to the 
•D.N.B.' wa-s probably written prior to the 

Kublication of Appleton's 'CyclopBe«dia.' The 
Ltter ia the American counterpart of our 
• Dictionary of National Biograpliy,' the De 
Lancey articles beine particularly good. 

B. R. Ward. Major RE 
Halifax. N.S. 

1 have drawn up a pedigree (mostly from 
American biographical notices) show^ing the 
relationfihip between Sir William'-* grand- 
father and James, the Lieutenant-rjovernor 
of New York. This pedigree <lilTers from 
that appearing in Burke's ' Landecl Gentry' 
(1846, second cd., p. 1361), in which General 
Oliver De Lancey and Mina Franks are given 
as Sir William's grandparents. Having made 
no original re-search in the matter, I am 
unable to state which pedigree is correct. 


[We have forwarded the pedigree t« Watiz- 


Caravanskrai to PuBuc-HocsKdO^S. iv. 
308, 413).-Cf. Fr. Michel et Ed. Foornier, 
' Hiiitoire des H6teUeries et (.4ibare>t«.' in 
their 'La Grande Bohvme/ Fkrta, 1851 to 
1854, 3 vols, (the last iaoomplMe). Erasmus 
of Rotterdam and other travtllera on ib« 
Continent abu^e the German bostrinea. CL 
about these A. Schultx,' Das hiwliche Lebeo ' 
(Munich, I0*)3), pp. 98. SaS, et jvf. ; the saiM 
author's 'Dentsches Lebeo ' {Pngm I^^X 
pp. Gl. (T^ f<y. ; Rodlow, * Die BftsoaentimssB,' 
p. 158; '/diner, ' SalzbaiKMohe Kalturg^^ 
scliichte.'pp. 711, « «ef. ; BrwWr. * Dm Wtrta- 
h&oser d. Mtltelaltcn' (Xn^d^ 1M5) . Lie- 




beMi, 'Das OMthof a. Wirt 
d«r Sehwtn' (Zteieh, 1881); 
WiHakanvewn der Stad( Lo^ 
1$»&). Evanr traToOer Kaa aooi 

A Nam. nc^ & i&. 1S8, li 
sn, 4SM.— I ka«« tB tkaak Ma ~ 

carTcapoadwi^, Iv tlie friTli* tbcj h*^ 
takea fai lamidm far Uia atMaf voltuae 
of thia bo«k. aad for 'nifcuinslinii alaa«( 
its aMlHT. M. A. Ifliniiu «i the BOifio- 
ii> ij <« ; d> lar nlii— ■. 'mkgrttht ftrrt aad 

U kM MB a ckiakM* of UAu^rtia. AUso 
* Qa\. isi\ m^^iA ia mtm'^RtheevL, 

^B. V, Jan. 27, X906,j NOTES AND QUERIES. 


lished at 13^. 6d , half-boun<I 9s.," with a 
notice of it from 7'fie A'nropean Maifiithu^ but 
without a dat«. One asks now : Where in 
The Kurofidin Magazineoi the years 1808-15 
to be Keen, and in wliich number is the notice 
of * Rol>ecca' contained ? E. S. Dodgson, 

Obindleton (lO"" S. V. 10).— In all cases of 
place- names evidence i^ better than gueus. 
If Grindleton can, by evidence, be connected 
with Qreendale, it would be best to allow 
that connexion, iteeing that Oreendale would 
most easily pa.i8 into Grindle by ordinary 
euphonic laws. For we know that Green- 
wich is pronounced Grin'ich, and that the 
dale in Tyndal (Tyuedale) is pronounced a* 
if it were Tindle. 

Every reader of *I?t-owulf' ooon discovers 
that two-thirds of the poem concern Grendel, 
•who is not a human being at all, but a 
horrible dumb monster who dwelt near a 
morass— the very last creature to found a 
town, or to have a town named after him. 
Even if it bad been, the name would have 
been Grinders-ton ; you cannot get rid of 
the ceniti%'al x when possession is implied. 

All the place-names connected witli Grendel 
are remote from human dwellingH, by the 
nature of the case ; I find at lea-st five ex- 
amples in Birch'a 'Cartularium.' These are : 
(1) Grendeles pytt, Grondel's pit, noted a>^ 
being near a marsh (Birch, i. 177) ; (2, 3) 
Grendeles mere, Grendel's mere (B. ii. 364, 
iii. 223); (4) Grindeles sylle. Grendcl's miro 
or alough (B. iii, 189) ; f5) Grindles bH'c, 
Grindels beck or stream (B. iii. 588). These 

frits, meres, sloughs, and becks were doubt - 
ess lonely and dreary ; for Grendel prac- 
tically connotes a demon, as when we say 
the "Devil'n Punchbowl." 

Walter W. Skeat. 

I collected the following variants, viz., 
Grindle, Devon and Salop ; Grendelbruch, 
Elsaas; Grindelwald, Berne; Grundot, 
Styria. Though the vowels vary, the root is 
identical. So far as the "Devil and l)i.s 
dam "in 'Beowulf goes, the analogy is with 
a fetid swamp, a sort of ceaapool. A. H. 

"Smith" in Latin (lO*'' S. iv. 409, 4,j7; 
V. 13).— Miss Beryl Faber has latinized her 
own maiden name of Smith ; her brother is 
the well-known character-actor Mr. Aubrey 
Smith. S. J. A. F. 

Ennobled ANruAijs (10»«' S. v. 7).— Cali- 
gula's horse IncitatUM had a house and 
servant, and was admitted to the college of 
bis priests ; but it doeji not appear that he 
was in fact ever made consul. Extravagant 
honour was also paid by the Emperor \'eru8 

to his horse Volucris. Probably botli these- 
emperors were not unmindful of the founda- 
tion of Bucephala by Alexander in honour 
of Bucephalus. JoiiN B. Wainewrigiit. 

Pig : Swine : Hoc (lO"- S. iv. 407, 449, 
510, 536),— The proverbial expression "obsti- 
nate a-s a pig" was used by Garrick (died 
1779), as stated in Langton's recollections of 
Johnson given in Boswell at the beginning 
of 1780 (Birkbeck Hill's edition, iv. 17), It 
would be interesting to know iu which of 
Garrick's works the expression occurs. 

In conversation on C April, 1775 (Hill's. 
' Baswell,' ii, 344), Johnson used the word 
" pigs " in the sonae recorded in his dic- 

Byron, in his letter to Murray on Bowles's 
'Strictures on tlie Life and Writings of Pope' 
(dated Ravenna, 7 Feb., 1821), wrote : "They 
might have heard the poetical winds howling 
through the chinks of a pig-stv, or the garret 
window." L. It. Jl. Strachan. 

Heidelberg, Germany. 

Let us not forget a famih'ar example of 
"swine" as a singular in Proverbs xi. 22: 
" A.s a jewel of gold in a swine's snout, bo i» 
a fair woman which is without discretion." 

St, S within. 

SouBisE. Bl.\ck Page (10"' S. iv. .'j-29).— 
Fitz-Allen seeks information with regard to 
the death of in Calcutta, when 
Memory Middlelon resided there. There are 
many references to Middletoii. in Col. Malle- 
son'a life of Warren Hastings ; also in Capt. 
Trotter's life of Hastings (" Ilulers of India '% 
and in Busteed's 'Echoes of Old Calcutta.' 

Middleton represented the English Govern- 
ment at the Court of Oudli in 1773. Owing 
to differences of opinion between hira and 
Col. Champion as to the amount due from 
the NawaoWazir for assistance rendered 
liim by Engli.^li troops, the subject was sub- 
mitted to the Council held in Calcutta on 
'2^ Oct., 1774, immediately on the arrival of 
Philip Francis, the reputed author of tlio 
letters of Junius. As a result, Middleton 
was recalled, and remained in Calcutta till 
22 Dec, 1776, when he was restored to his 
former position as Resident at Luckuow, bub 
in consequence of his negligence in pressing 
the Nawab of Oudli to pay his debts to the 
East India Company, he was severely cen- 
sured by Warren Hastings in August, 178^ 
and deprived of his appointment. In all 
probability, Middleton returned to England ; 
for Hastings in a letter to his wife in Eng- 
land, dated 13 Aug., 1784, from Lucknow, 
writes : "Be on your guard both with Richacd 


NOTES AND QUERIES, tio^ s. v. j *». 27. \w. 

Johnson and Middleton." A foot-note at 
p. 318 of the Recond edition i>f Busteed's 
'Echoes of Old Calcutta' itate«] tliat among 
tlie Iinpey JISS. one folio volume i« filled 
Mvith letters from these two officials to the 
Chief Justice daring 1782 asking for his 
interce.saion iu their hehalf with Hastings. 
The foot-note adds that 

" MiddletoD at a later t>eriod was call6<1 ' Memory 
31i<iJletoa,' and after hia duaih 'Middleton of 
l>Dlin|<py Memory,' iu allusion to hia evidence at 
Uaatinga'a trial." 

Jaxes Watsos. 

Mantkona'8 Housk (10"" S. iv. 87).— Seeing 
that no answer liais appeared, I give below 
an extract fnjra a letter from Mantua: — 

*' About aonio of our national artistic works we 
seem to know leu than foreigner!. It may be that I 
did not in((uire at the proi>er sources, but I regret tu 
•ay that 1 was una)jl« to tiud out anything about 
Maritegna's house. I pa3Ked the inquiry on to my 
brother-in-law, who is an architect, and be con- 
fessed hia ignorance on the matter At Fort* 
Puaterla there is certainly a technical school, but 
I am not aware that any |>art of the building dates 
from 1496. t>till, I re|)cat that we are not well 
liosted in these matters, and you may posaibly 
ascertain somethinx more definite from another 

Lko C. 

BRASPoy, Duke of Scffolk (10** S. v. 9). 
— The following notes from the Brandon 
pedigree will probably suffice as a reply to 
E-'s query. 

Sir William Brandon, of Wangfonl. Suffolk, 
wa» knighte<l on the field of Tewke-sbury by 
Edward IV., 3 May, 1471. He married 
Elixabeth, daughter of Sir Robert Wingfield, 
of Let-heringham. His will was proved in 
r.CC, July 14i>l ; that of his widow in 
14(M), Ho had (with other uhiidren} three 
son It :— 

I. Sir William. fSeo under.) 

S. Sir ThouiAM. Kuighteii at the battle of 
IMackhoatk 17 June. Hl>7. Installed K.G. 
10 Mnv. l.'>07. Will dated 11 Jan , 1509 10 ; 
provc<l 11 Mayi l>'iH>. Buried in the church 
of Black FriarM, Ixtnilon. Died «/>. 

3, Sir KolM-rt. Knighted at the battle of 
Stoke, UM7 ; nmd«« hannerot, l*iI2. SherifT 
of Norfolk and Suflolk. HUS. l.'iOS, and LWO. 
Was of Suffolk. Diwi s.,>. Will 
dated 22 Fob., l^2i.' a ; proved 2S Nov., 1524. 

Sir William Itrnndon.oldoMl kuu. Knighted 
bv IK<iiry Vll. upon hio landing at Mllford 
llavon, UHft, ati<l uppoiiiiod Hlandanl lienrer. 
KilliMJ "in a di'siM^rnto AHHRuIr by King 
Itivhard him "" Vug., 

H*- II vuii 

Sii iiriiiy r.niyn, ul .>ouUi Ucken- 

doa, Essex, eikI widow socoMaiTcly oi 
William 3ialory sod Thamas Tyrell. She 
died nhortlv before SO May. 148&, at which 
date her Inq.P.M. was Ukoo. Tbey bad 

issue : — 

1. William. of his 

Srandinother Lady 

Irandon, iu 1 ' > -ang. 

2. Anne. ^ 

3. Charles. Boru ai ^d 
20 March. 1511,12. •- d 
Viscount Lisle Lo 1513, atiU Uuke of boUoik 

It i« thu8 clear, from Uie * ' ;it 

Ijolh the father and the gm '« 

Duke of Suffolk were knight'*, anu nuit iiall 
the chronicler w&s right in so styling them. 
The voutiger Sir Wlliani beic- '"" "O 
quickly after the honour was coi 'n 

him, his knighthood itas been ^. .mI 

sight of. 

The only other Brandon Vniw'^it'* nf uhon 
I have any kno*le<Jgo are ' ful 

sons of the Duke, both ki . :ho 

coronation of Edward VI., and afterwards 
successively second and (for half an 
third Duke ; and another ^ '•^ 

Brandon, knighted "after ihn . >'{ 

BoUeyne," Septeml)er, 1544. He appears to 
have been an illegitimate son of ih« first 
Duke of Suffolk, and died in lA&l. 

W. D. PvfK. 

Lowton, New lon-le- Willows. 

•'Bbl." do"- S. V. 27).— IsnotthUabbre- 
viation for barrel a misiirint 1 When com- 
piling my 'Author and Printer," I never met 
with it, although 1 consulted every list of 
abbre .-iaiions that I could find, whether 
published iu the United Kingdom or claO' 
where. , , 

The correct abbrevi " ' i « 

"bl."; for barrels, "bis <* 

and Printer,' which coiit:it:i-« iv mu u»i of 
abbreviations. F. Hlwakd CotiWa. 


I would suggest that " bbl." ta Ih© »bbr«- 
vialion, not for barrel, but for imrrels, ja«t 
as .MSS. is UHcd for manuscript*. 


Down ham Hall. Clilheroe. 

- , ...,-. . _.. I • 




C011.J.N5 in ',\uiiiur OH'! I uuici 



. 't* 

ii lit ' .N'. a. Wi'u'il 
. by Mil U<>waIU> 

iO'*8.v.jAif.27,i906.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Sussex Ikscrii-tion (10'" S, iv. 3fi9),— Tlie 
explanation surely is that a rough draft 
was made of the inscription, in which the 
dates were to be filled in ; and without this 
being done the atone-cutter got to work and 
did tlie inscription. P. MoNTFORT. 

Classical Quotations (10"" S. v. 27).— 
1. The two words i/7r»'<rr«t KaTi\ov(ra may be 
found in ' Heliodori .Ethiopicorum, Lib. I.,' 
towards the end of chap. ii. L. L. K. 

3. The author of "Tarn otii," ic, is not 
Sooeca, though lie may have quoted the 
<]ictum, but Cato. Cicero in his 'Pro Cn. 
Plancio,' cap. 27, § GG, says : — 

" Et etiiiu M. Catonis illud, ijuod in jirincipio 
«cri|>«il Uriginum luaruni, aemiier niagnitiL'uni et 
|)rn?clarum putavi, clarorum virorum alqiio luag- 
norum noii minus otii quam negotii rationeni 
ejc^taro ov>orter©." 

The ' Originea ' were published about B.C. 168, 
according to Mommsen. 

John B. Wainkwright. 
[Mb. p. J. F. Oaxtillox also refer* to Cicero. ] 

Welsh Poem (10"' S. iv. 208, 392, 51C; v. 14). 
—I hope 1 may excusably add one word. It 
wajj not indifference to verification, but tho 
lending of mv copj' of Dean Ramsay's volume, 
which caused me unwittingly to misinterpret 
that worthy humorist. I was inipelled to 
quote from memory. Thus from T. F. D.'s 
comment I draw the more fitting conclusion, 
tiiat it is wisdom indeed not to lend bojks. 

W. B. 

The King of Bath (10<»' S. v. 28).— The 
list wliicli I desire*! seems fo be supplied by 
'no loss an authority than Pliilin Tiucknesse 
in 'The Xew Bath Guide' Possibly the 
"Censor- General of Great Britain. Professor 
of Empiricism, and casual Compiler, Rape 
and Murder - Monger to 77ie St. Jnfiun's 
CltromrW was not so great a liar as he is 
painted, for liia brief history of the Masters 
of CVremonics shows none of tho virulence or 
exaggeration that his enemies always ascribed 
to him. On tho contrary, his account tallies 
with many details that are found in oilier 

According to Governor Thicknesse, Capb. 
Webster held office from 1703 to 1710, and ui>on 
his death in tlie latter year was succeeded 
by his proti'g<i, the famous Ricliaid Nash. 
After the death of tlie ancient Beau, on 
3 Feb., 1761, a Mr. Collect occupied the post 
for a brief peiiofl. Another notorious per- 
eon then came into othce, Samuel Drrrick to 
wit, who, in spile of " much opposition "—I 
ara quoting the ''Gunner of Landguard 
Fort ^^reignad until his decease on 28 March, 

1769. Two rival kings then arose, Mr. Plomer 
and Maior William BreretoD. Each was 
powerfully .suppnrte<J, and for a time there 
were two Masters of Ceremoniea. Finally, 
the parties came to terms, and on 18 April, 
1769, Capt. Wade, son of the general, was 
apfKiintfld. Upon his resignation, on 8 July, 
1777, there were seven candidates for the 
vacant position, and tlie situation seems to 
have been rendered more difficult from tho 
fact that a New Assembly Room had been in 
existence since < October, 1771, After an ex- 
citing contest the victory lay between 
William Dawson and Major William BreretoD, 
when, at a meeting of the subscribers to the 
dress balls, it was thought advisable (or more 
politic), since Bath was growing larger and 
its visitors more numerous, to elect a Master 
of Ceremonies for each room. Thus Brereton 
and Dawson shared the throne, the former 
ofHciating at the Old, and the latter at the 
New As.sembly liooms. After three years 
the fighting major retired, and in 1780 
Richard Tyson took liis place. Both Masters 
wore beautiful medallions, and the now re<jime 
seems to have been a success. 

Thicknesse reproduces their portraits in 
his book. A monograph on the dour, hard- 
hitting governor-doctor would be a welcome 
addition to eighteenth-century literaturo, 
and, since biographers of Gainslwrough seem 
generally to regard liim as a prickly person, 
to be lightly handled, tho work might bo of 
some assistance to critics of art. There is 
plenty of material, and there is no reason 
why the lK)ok should not be well done. 

Horace Breackley. 

Fox Oak, Waltoii-on-Tliames. 

In ' Selecta Poemata Anglorum,' and dat«d 
1761, is a long Latin epitapfi upon Beau 
Nash, by Oulieira King, LL.D., covering 
more than four pages; but whether inscribed 
in the Abbey Churcli at Bath I cannot say. 
We are introduced to Nash in * K<xierick 
Random' (published in 1748) when Mdinda 
inquires the name of Tobit'adog. aiid receives 
the reply, "His name was Nash, and an 
impudent dog he was." In 'Humphry 
Clinker,' published by the same author in 
1771,Tabitha Bramble's favourite dog Chow- 
der, shows a formidable array of teeth at 
Derrick, a successor of Nash as il.C, and la 
summarily ejected. ., . 

John Pkkford, MA. 
Newbourne Rectory, Woudbriduw. 

The following is a list of the Bath M.C.a 
down to the present time. Tyson an»l King 
ruled at the end of the eighteenth century :— 
Capt. Webster, Boau Nash, Mr. CoUe«.Us 


NOTES AND QUERIES, no** s, v. Ja^. r. iws. 

Mr. Derrick, Major Brereton. Capt. Wade, 
Mr. Dawson, Mr. R. Tyson, Capt. J. King, 
Mr. Le Bas, Mr. F. .1. Guynette, Mr. 
Heaviside, Capt. Wyke, Capt. Marshall, Col. 
Jervois, Lieut. Nugent, Lieut.-Col. England, 
Capt. Oataker, and Major Simpson (the 

firesent holder of the office). Capt. Wade 
a natural son of Field-Marshal \\ade)wa8, 
as your correspondent Hurmii^os, the blaster 
of tue CeremouteJi at Brighton. W. T. 

Authors of Qdotatioss Wanted (lO"* S. 
iv. 1G8).— 

There is so much ^ood in the worst of us, 
And BO innch bad in the best of us, 
That it ill htronif* »ny of us 
To tolk about the rest of us, 

is from the pen of R. L. Stevenson, according 
to a 1906 Calendar publitlied by R. A. Court, 
Caxton House, Nottingham (see month of 
March). CflAs. A. Buinau. 

John Penhallow (lO"' S. iv. 507 ; v. 15, 37). 
— This name will be found in the ' Calendar 
of the Inner Temple Records,' iii. 3C9. On 
15, 16, 17, and 19 June, 1702, are the nomina- 
tions of those called lo the Bar at the par- 
liament held on 23 .Tune, together with the 
names of William Gowlenough, John Pen- 
hallow, and William Coui'tney. 


"Was you?" and "Yoc was" (10"^ S. i. 
609 ; ii. 72, 157 ; v. 32).— Some of your readers 
will remember tliat Horace Walpole declares 
in one of his letters that the invariable three 
questions of the royal family at a levee or 
drawing-room were: "Do you love riding?" 
"Do you love music?" *'Waa you at tiie 
opera?" North Midland. 

Suicides buried in the Open Fields 
(10"' S. iv. 340, 397, 475, 514).— It must be 
remembered in connexion with this subject 
that all suicides were not punished iu the 
.same way. It waa not a matter of law, but 
of custom, which wa8 regulated by the 
xuonkB, and whicli naturally varied in 
different places and at different times. 
Wliile moat suicides were buried at cross- 
roads, some were not buried at all : some 
(those that had killed themselves in the sea) 
were buried on the coast ; and some, as I 
uphold, were buried in the fields. These 
are. of course, a few only of the customs, 
and do not all relate to any one country or 
district. In r« S. vi. 353 a case is cited of a 
burml at the junction of the estates of three 
dulerent Flintshire landowners. 

Suiyides were under ecclesiastical dis- 
abilities, and were looked upon as irre- 

vocably lost to religion. They were felons 
and traitors. It does not seeru prol>al>le, 
then, that they were W'"-''-'! "' -r. — ...^^fj, 
merely to be under the : 'ss 

that was usually ere — : . . _^-. & 
thing seems contrary to the l>ari>arity with 
which [they were generally treated. As an 
example of what waa not uncommou, I wil] 
relate what occurred in Franco 8o lato as 
1749. The corpse of Portier, the suicide, was 
dragged through the streets of Paris, with 
ita face scraping the ground, to the place of 
common execution. It was suspended tl;ere 
by the feet for tweutyfour nours, taken 
down, and Hung on the highway to be 
devoured by beasts. Although France was 
on the whole more barbarous titan wd were, 
a case of great brutality occurred in 
Scotland, as may be seen by referring to 
1" S, V, 272. 

There seems to be little doubt that the 
.stake driven through a suicide wa<t intended 
lo keep his ghost from rising and tiisturbinit 
the neighbourhood at night. Wliether it 
was or was not intended as an inault, it acttd 
as one. 

There is one thing that does not seem to 
have been well explained, and that is why 
these mysterious burials were by law obliged 
to take place iu the dark, between certain 
hours. H. T. Smith. 

In the churcli wardens' accounts of Waods- 
worth parish for the period 2.S May, 1609, to 
15 March, 1(»I0, occurs this entry : " Payd for 
Cou'ing a poore mans grave in the IJeKlet,ii|" 
Would this refer to a suicide not buried ta 
the churchyard ? I may add that io the 
burial register there is no entry of any one 
being buried in the fields. LirrabiaX. 


Napoleon's Coroxatios Robs ; its Goic 
Bees (10"' S. v. 9).— The robes are. or f- 
cently were, to be seen atTussand's Waxwork 
Exhibition in London. The beea with whidl 
they are thickly covered are made of gold 
tliread, and, as far as can be made out, ai* " 
so rendereil in David's well-known Corona- 
tion picture at the Louvre, in Paris. It hn^ 
often been suggested, and sometime'- 
that in his choice of the bee as at? 
Napoleon was inlluenced by tin 
found in 1653 at Tournai, in t 
Childeric. Some of these are still ti 
in Paris, I believe in the same buihiit 
Bibliothi-que Nationale ; but they art- 
suited for robo decoration, ancf it i- 
ful if there were ever enough of tiioni lor 
such a purpose. 

H. J. O. Walkek, Lieat. Col. 

10'* B. V. Jan. 27. 1906.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


"Ocean, 'mid eis uproab wild" (10"' S. 
V. 47).— Coleridge i^ quotinR his own poem 
'Ode on the Departing Year,' section vii. 

W, Benham. 

Dr. Vollsikr will find the above in 
Coleridge's 'Ode on the Departing Year,' 
11. 129-30. R. A. Potts. 

Da. VoLLMER will find the lines in the 'Ode 
on the Departing Year' in the second edition 
of Coleridge's poem*;, " to which are added 
Poems by Charles Lamb and Charles Lloyd, 
1797." Lamb in a letter to Coleridge 
(2 January, 1797) writes: "The address to 
Albion is very agreeable, and concludes even 
beautifully : — 

!:^I»eaka safety to fais Island child." 

S. Bdtterworih. 

"These are the Britons, a barbarous 
B-vcb" (10^'' S. iv. filO; v. 31).— My first aip 
of English history was taken from a humbler 
vessel than that mentioned by Mr. R. B. 
Marston, and yet I believe it to have been 
the article sought by your Minne.sota corre- 
spondent. In the early fortieji a little paper- 
coveretl book, of some twenty leaves, was put 
into my hands to minister to my pleasure 
and my pains. It was called, I think, 'Our 
Native England ; or, the Historical House 
that Jack Built,' and had on every page a 
short verse and a woodcut, referring to the 
period or the monarch to which it was appro- 
priated. I do not remember either the name 
of the publislier or that of the author, but I 
know tne ingenious creature began with the 
words that bead my reply, and that the 
opening stanza was :— 

TheM are the Britona, a barbarous race, 
Chieflv etn|iloyed iu war or (he ch&ie. 
Who awolt ill Our Native Engknd. 

Then he faced the Romans, and, after 
succinctly arousing the learner's curiosity 
«lK)ut them, cleverly ran him back again to 
the Britons, thus : — 

Tlie«e are the Roniana, n. r^eople bold. 
<)f whom many wonderful stories are tolil ; 
They conquered tlie Britons, a, barbarous race, 
(Jhiellr ent|iloyeii in war or the chase, 
Who dwelt in Onr Native England. 

And so on to good Queen Victoria- 

St. Swithin. 

In the British Museum Catalogue we find 
entered "Cuckow (O. J). Our Native 
^England ; or, the Historical House that 
Jack built; being the History of England 
miwJe easy in Faioiliar Verse, &c., Derby, 
J 838." This is probably the little book that 
your correspondent in Minnesota is in search 
of. It is not by Cook, but by Cuckow. 

It may nave l>een issued by the firm of 
Mozley. H, B. W. 


Sputtino Fields of Ice (10* S. iv. 325, 
395, 4.^4. 513 ; v. 31). —The Editor will doubt- 
less allow me to apologize for my failure to 
refer to all the notes that had preceded 
mine. It is certainly advisable that the 
beginning of a series of notes should be looked 
up, and 1 regret that in the present instance 
I did not do this. Lowell's reference to 'The 
Prelude' lias been known by me since the 
Ijeginning of 1895, when a copy of his esiMvys 
came into ray possession. F. Jahratt. 

Church Spoons (10"" S, iv. 468 ; v. 13, 56). 
—In Cripps'a 'Old English Plate,' sixth 
edition, p. 349, the pierced spoon is referred 
to as follows :— 

"Such oaddjes [tea] were ufsually also an pplied 
with a amall apoun with |iierce<l bowl and long 
pointed haiidte, iiAe<l for fstrainiug the tea auu 
clearing the spout of the teapot before the intro- 
duction of the fixed strainer at the inner end or 
insertion of the spout. These are often, but 
erroneously, called strawberry spoons." 

A. R. H. 


There was originally a spoon amongst the 
sacramental plate at Hinton St. George, 
Somerset. It was, liowever, lost some time 
previous to 1870, and inquiry as to its where- 
abouts was luaiJe at that time by the incam- 
bonl, but with what success I have never 
heard. Fukdkkick T. Hibgame. 

The Condado (lO''' S. v. 47).— "The Con- 
dado" probably means Barcelona. That city 
is still constantly catle<l " La Ciudad Con- 
dal" iu the Spanish newspapers, in remi- 
niscence of the rule of her former '" Counts." 

E. S. D0DG,S0N. 

" Passive Resi.ster" (10"* S. iv. .W8 ; v. 32). 
— W. Hazlitt, in his translation of M. 
Guizot's 'Introductory Discourse' to 'The 
History of tlie Revolution in England ' 
("Buhn's Standard Library"), says at p. 17, 
"The new government [i.e., the Common- 
wealth] encountered at first only jxnaive 
resiiUince ; but this it encountered every- 
where"; and on p. 18, "To the jhissire 
resistance of the country were soon added, 
against the government of the republic, the 
attacks of its enemies." 

The first use of this collocation of adjec- 
tive and substantive I should expect to find 
in the works of some divine to whom the 
doctrines of " passive obedience" and "non- 
resistance" (immortalized in the third verse 
of 'The Vicar of Bray ') were familiar. 

John B. W.mnewrwht. 


NOTES AND QUERIES, [lo-'^s. v. j^s. 27, i«6. 

Selling Onesklf to the Devil (10"' S. v. 
29).— What thia phrase siRnified to our fore- 
fathers is to b© gathered from Marlowe's 
'Faastus.' The terms of part of the docu- 
ment which Faustus signs with his blood are 
worth quoting here : — 

"I, John FaoBtas, of Wittenberg, Doctor, by 
these preaentB, do give both body and soul to 
Lucifer, prince of the East, and his minister 
Mcphistophilis, and furthermore grant unto them, 
four-and-twenty years being expired, and these 
articles above written being inviolate, full i)ower 
to fetch or carry the said John Faustus, body and 
soul, llesh and blood, into their habitation where- 

For the same consideration as that for 
which Faustus sold himself, " to lire in all 
voluptuousness," a similar bargain was made 
by a French magician, I'rbain Grandier, in 
the early seventoenih century. The pact 
made b^' hini with Satan used to be preserved 
in the archivefl. of I'oitiers. Its text is tran- 
scribwl, in botii Latin and French, in Collin 
de Plancy's * Dictioniiaire Infernal,' 1826, 
and as it is even moi*e explicit than the 
Eoglisli one above I append the French 
version : — 

" Klonsieur et Maitre Lucifer, je vous reconnais 
ponr nion Dieu et mou Prince, et prometa de vojis 
servir et oboir tant oue je pourrai vivre, Et jo 
reuoiicc it nion autre Dieu, aiusi qu'i'i J68UB-Chriit, 
aux butre8 saints el saiules, et ii I'Eglise Apos- 
toltque Romaiiie, I't t«us aos sacrcmeiia et a toutea 
Im oraisons et pri<jrea parlesquellea loa fidi'lesponr- 
•iient interccder pi>ur moi ; et je vous promets que 
Jftferai tout le nial que je pourrai ; que j'attirerai 
toua aulr«» au nial. Je renonce au chn-nie, an 
bapl^tne, a tous les m^ritea de Jusus-Christ et de 
sea «aint4 ; el si je manque h vous servir el a voiia 
adorer, el si jc ne vous faia pas homniage trois fois 
par jour, je vous domic ma vie coinme voire bieti." 

J AS. Platt, Jan. 

FiiAKcm Prior: Annabella Beaumont 
(lU"' 8- V. 8).— In the registers of St. Paul's 
Cathedral the following entry occurs : — 

** Fraiici* Prior of Si. Dunstan's in ye West, 
Linnen Draper, Batchelour, & Aunabelia Beaumont 
of (Jreal Ihiiimow in vo Uouoty of Essex, Spinster, 
were married by a License from tlie Aroh Bi/s 
offioo in this Cathedral Church ye 10 of Feb. 1708; 
by Thos. Beaumont, Junr," reKi"<ters were printed by the Harleian 
Society in 1893. CiiAs. A. Beunau. 

Tiio licence for thi<i marriage was obtained 
at tiio Facully Olllce, 9 February, 1708/9. 

Leo C, 

Born with Tebtu (lo"' S. v. 8).— In an 
editorial note to this query, reference is made 
to the statement that Richard III. was so 
endowed at birth, I Buppo!<e upon the 

^hority of Shalrftana^ii<> Aflt.. >.•<,, J i„g 

^^nihority of Sh%kfiMfi|U^^pAf 

Mr. Legge's work 'The rnpopular King,' 
!>.. Richard III., I think, and other reader* 
will he inclined to think, that Shake«pear» 
was characterizing some other personage 
than Richard iu his play. I have met with 
the suggestion that this characterization 
applied to the Earl of Salisbury. 

Edward A. Petoebick. 

See Camden's ' Remains concerning 
Britain,' chapter entitled 'Wise Speeches ':— 

" King Richard the third, whose monstroaa birtli 
forcshewed his monstrous proceeding* (for he wa» 
born with all his teeth and hair to his sfaouldera), 
alijeit he lived wickedly, yet made good Lawa/'&c 

Chas. a. Bbbxao. 

Affeev Flintwinch is 'LrXTLB DOURIT 
(10"^ S. iy. 466 ; v. 32). — Affery Jeffery's 
memorial in Folkestone Churchyard is dated 
18 April, 1841. I understand tliat Dickens 
was in Folkestone, at 3, Albion Villas, in the 
summer of 1855. The name Aphra ocean 
frequently in neighbouring parish register! ; 
and Apljra Behn, the novelist, waa a natird 
of Wye, Kent. R. J. Fyxmoee. 


One thinks at once of tlie notoriott)! Mrs. 
Aplira, Aphara, Afra, or Ayfara Helm. Tlii* 
curious Christian name is no doubt to bo 
referred to one or other of the St. Afras, of 
whom there are three in the calendar, under 
dates 24 May, 14 June, and 5 August. The 
account given by the Itollandista of the last 
one, under the heading * De Afrn Marty re,' 
runs to over forty columns of print. Bat 
what is the particular link l)etween St. Afr» 
and KentT Jas. Platt, Jon. 

Johnsons 'Vanity of Human Wisitis' 
(lO'*" S. V. 29).— The originator of the pro« 
parody on Johnson's lines is apparently 
Coleridge, who uses it in his sixth lecture on 
'Shakspeare and Milton ' (Rohn's ed-, p. TiX 
and presumably this is the writer from whom 
Do Quincey copied it. 

Edwaed M. Laytom. 

I have read that Wordsworth condemned 
these lines, whilst he commended Dryden'« 
translation. Rut I cannot rcmemlier that 
the paraphrase quoted is Wordsworth'*, 
though it may have been his. 

E. Yakducv. 

Ttie phrase " from China to Pera ' wu 
evidently suggested by I. 3 of fioUeau's eigbtk 
satire {l€fi7) :— 

I>e Paris au Pvrou, da Japon Juaqa'A Roina. 
£. E. jStbkjt. 

lO'^b. V.Jan. 27. 1906.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Karl!/ English DramatUfi.—Six AnonymoHH Plays, 
t. 1510 - /">-V. Edited l>y John S. Farmer. — 
ih-amntic Wridiiifii of John Ilrytnood. Edited by 
John ^?. Farmer. Printed by Sulncriplion. 
Under the charge of Mr. John S. Farmer, to whom 
are owinu mnny srnrce and curious reprints and 
publications, nuw u|i|»Gur the tirst two volume* of 
■what— if contiuued iis it- ia begun— will be an abso- 
lutely inappreciable boon to the Aliideitt. Nearly 
iialf a century ago we cried out for exactly what is 
now being given us— a collective editinn of thn 
Tudor dramatiitts under tiie heads of the varioua 
writers, and with nuppleinental volumes containing 
anonymous iitaya arranged, so far as possible, in 
ehronological order. The first two volumes of a 
work precisely of the cla»8 thus indicated are >>efore 
ne. One volume contains all the known dramatic 
writinga of John Hey wood, six in number; the 
Other supplies six anonymous works of approxi- 
mately the same dale. 

It is, of course, with the mysteries and nmralitioa 
that the present wxxb is concerned. To tliese 
compositions, wliich follow immediat«Iy upon the 
liturgical drama, tlie volumes are necessarily con- 
secrated. Hey wood's plays or dialogues have, how- 
ever, a certain vein of comedy, though far inferior 
to thai which, at a period almost corresponding, 
was shown in France in the farce of 'Maistre 
Pierre Palheliu.' The characters arc genuine 
human 1>eing*. and not mere abstrnctioa^*; and the 
satire of worthless wives and of prieslH — the latter 
•specially— is niarvellouBly outspoken, considering 
that the writer a Roman Catholic and the 
father of a sufficiently aggressive Jesuit priest. 

Of the six anonymons iilays— which consist of i 
'The Four Elements," ' Calisto and Melibjca,' i 
•Every Man,' ' Hickscorner,' 'The World and the I 
Child, and 'Tlier^ites'— some are genuine morali- | 
ties, such action as is exhibited being in the hands ! 
of heings like Studious Desire and Sensual Ai )p«tite, 
or Perseverance. Imagination, LVintcmiilulion, and 
Freo Will, or, again, Mundua, Infans, Manhood, 
•nd Conscience. In ' Thersites ' and the play now 
named 'Caiistn and Meliba^a' wc have names of 
real iiersons. Both these works have, however, 
been assigned to John Heywood, though on no 
very troslworlhy anthority and with no great 
probability of accuracy. The latter is, indeed, a 
translation uf a portion of the Sjvaniah drama in 
twenty-one acta of Fernando de Koja-^i, now 
irenerally known »>s 'Celestina,' or in English 'The 
Bpani''h It^wd.' Celestina, the prnenress in ques- 
liM H as one of the cliaracters, and is 

e^ iiawn There is a sort of anticipation 

of ^ 1 -i 'i lien she says:— 
And I thank God ever one penny halh been 

To buy bread when I list, and to have four for 

Til ' ' I cation of this personage belongs, 

hi vanish author. The dale of his 

We cannot allenipl to dval with the literary 
claims of works which belong to the foundation 
and growth of owr draitia, and are of course 
known to the student. The appearance of the 
volumes '\<i admirable : tliey are on ex<^lleul pai>er, 

are printed artistically, and have elegant bind, 
ings that will grace any shelves. The frontis- 
iiieco to the writings of Heywood appears in 
facsimile ; the woodcut portrait of Heywood which 
is supplied was preHjted in I35({ to his 'The Spider 
and the Flie,' and in I.j62 to.' Epigrams utiock 
Provecba.' Facsimiles of title-pages are given aUo 
in this and the companion volume. 'Note-Booka'' 
and 'Word-Lists' are included in both volumes,, 
and fulfil a useful purpose, siipnlying alt bibjio- 
graphical, literary, atid glossarial information at 
iiresent attainable, together with the rarw 
hrtiontx. It is apropos of this estimable fuature 
that such qualms arise as we now feel. The scheme 
is noble ; it may oven be said ideal Is such a work 
within the range of one life, however industrious 
and jirolongod? Enormous labour, and, it may be 
added, very considerable capital, are necessary to- 
see to the end an undertaking which might lax the 
resources of one or other of iFio Universiiy Presaes 
or a no less great and auguit tirni such as the 
Longmans. Energy, meanwhile, of a scholar such 
as a Dyoe of yesl«rday or a Bulleo of to-day i» 
requisite to bring the task to a successful issue. It 
would even seem as if what the Frencli call a, 
"ocit-tt!. dfit fftnx (It UtirfH should be secured, except 
that materials for such a society csan scarcely oe 
said to exist. We owe Mr. Farmer thanks for his- 
effort, credit him with serious intention, and trust 
he will nt least exhibit much acconiplisjiment i» 
regard to his ambitious task. 

A Boot for n Painy Datj. By John Thomas Smith. 

Edited by Wilfred Whitten. (Methuen k Co.) 
Tiior*;H consisting of chips from a workshop, th» 
' Hook for a Kainy Day' earned, in its lime, a con- 
siderable measure of fwiiularity, and was once 
familiarly quoted. It, still ranks with 'The Table 
Talk of Samuel Rogors,* and has a distinct message 
fur the present generation. Asia to be exjiected, 
considering the period with which its recollections- 
of persons and things are concerned — the years, 
namely, between 1760 and l&Tl— it has reached a 
timo when it calls for, and is supplied with, ex< 
planatory notes and comment a. Smith— whom the- 
present age boa all bnt forgotten— was a topo- 
graphical draughtsman and antiquary, and a fairlr 
voluminous author, his lieat book l>eing 'Xollekens 
and hia Times,' published in 18*28. He was ar» 
accurate observer, and seems to have been an early 
one also, since his observations are said to have- 
l>eg«n in 17W), in which year, on the 23rd of June, 
he was i>roiiiaturely born in a hackney coach ill 
which his mother was returning from a visit. At 
the close of his life he was Keeper of Prints and* 
Drawings in the British Museum. Opportunities 
for obtaining iiiforination al>out Kollekeus were 
ample, since .Smiih's futher NAthaniel— at one time 
a sculptor and afterwards a printseiler — was chief' 
assistant to NoUekenH, in whose studio Smith him- 
self was from 1778 to 17SI. This lifo liiis been 
declared the "most candid ever pnbliHJied '\\\ 
England." Among other books of iSmilh niay be 
mentioned 'The Ancient Topography of London' 
(perhaps hia most important production) and 
' Vagaboodiana ; or. Anecdotes of Mendicant Wan- 
derers through the Streets of Loudon.' 

The * Book for a Kainy D.*y ' merits ils title. It 
ia, as it<t author calls it, a salmagundi, a collectior» 
ut I 'Mins anecdotes thrown lo^jclher 

hi;;: dy.M'ilh no pretence of arrangement. 

VN'h',:. v;,,, ..3 i^erusal is begun, however, you wouUi 




Itave the r- = '!v "■^•'i-'- -''>nlinae,forfe«rBomeglo«m 
■of iuimIi 1 y<'U t^ (juit your occupa- 

tion. Uh' III! Ill the matter — so great, 

indec'l. lli-il il wo.^ r-LU'-'oly to be cxi'vct-eri— i» that 
Mr. VVhittPii'* tuMiliou* ninl e.v|ilaiiaiion» «re 
wrilt«li in ibo •|iirit<jf llio nriL'inal, ami are almost, 
»f not tj«ite, *" Bood. " liainy U«y " .Smith'* metJind 
of |(o«iip in ■•"i<l I'll l>e that whiuh he hiinaelf <ic- 
tnct4 whi^ii to a viiitorin tiie I'rint-Hnotn he navi, 
'' What 1 l<)ll y<>» >> t-he fact, and nit down utid I 'II 
Uill you th« whole «tory." it ia characteriBlic, 
tnortwver, that one itory ia alwoya or good aa 

Vary much of Ihn book illualralcs. or ia ilhia- 
trat«<lhy, ' N. * t,).,' which itanda second iu the 
liai of workw on wliich Mr. VVhittea haa drawn 
for hiH aiiocdotea and inforinalioD KonofAlly- ^i^^t 
■for inalance, what >■ said on p. 8 about anodyne 
oeokiaoaii, with thi< conimont thereon which ap- 
p«arcd in our column* from Mr. Eliot Ho<)|{kin. 
aVo wonder what our founder woulil luive «nid 
about liie initancea of loiiKOvity uited on p. 'io, 
where aonio tifty example! are |{>ven of oenbena- 
riBniKio, intilndiuK O"^ '>*'. I'.^'>i <><■<) i^^ ^'^t ■^"'^ <>»« 
at l.'W. Smitli'a prodicti'ins ooiideriiiiiif William 
Itlakc (p- ^17) nra very creditable to hin iuti;llect and 
taalO' and have \w\n fiillilleil to thu lulinr. At a 
fwriod when the qualitiea of ItUke wi<ru known to 
only few, Smith wrote: "A time will ihmiib when 

the nuineroua.— .workaof Ittakn will l)o Koinjhl 

after with the moRt inten§e avidity." AiiioDg 
other niatlum are nonie i;ood theatrical 8torii!S, The 
iJluatnitiona t4i tho vcjlume, both i-oIouro<l and 
plain, are not inferior to the remainder of the con- 
tent*. They are iiumeroun alio, and cast a brillinnt 
liKht UIHin llio early pari of the last ocntury. To 
those of our rcadoi-s who nrrt interested in such 
«ubjn(.ita 11* topoKrupliy, antiipiarinnitini, art, and 
literary history from the days of .Kilinson and 
HJari'iek to those c>f liyron and Si>ulhey. the volume 
luay be coinmended a* one to bo desired. 

.4 ItmUfihl of Ihe Blue. Tranolutetl from the 
Original Manuscript. Uy F \\\ bain. (I'arker 
A Oil.) 
TlVK of Iheae deeply intcrestinB Hindoo love stories 
«r allesoriea have now reached us. and have 
'vxlortvd our warm commendation, TakinR them 
at tir«t for a K«nuine find, we were di«|>oae<l to rank 
them aa amont; the most priceleo* produet* of the 
ICaat. Now, even, when that view ia no longer 
tODkble, we are lost in admiration at their grace, 
Undomwaa, and warm Oriental coloarinR. The 
lore rvlations of the various charaoters are to a 
certain extent seiitiiiientali/eil, bill have still 
«iioai!h that ia wholly physical (o justify their 
^^,,,. . ... •.. (tidian source*. Mr. Uaiii haa. indeed. 
«tl Oriental luxury of imaipnation. and 

the ' the dr«am-aelier and the eDtrancing 

and intviiiil vition which he summons up before 
Xinit Ktulr^ilakais wonderful In ap(>earaace and in 
all biblioRraphieal re«i>ect« the preeent is worthy of 
tite previous votumce. A collection of these, so far 
as we know them, would coostitute for any reader 
ot iMle aod refiaennot ko idml preaeoU 

J*ror<fht m»'t tlLtir Ltmom». Bv Richard Chenevix 

TrttxA. O.P. Edited by A. Smytho Palmer, 

IX D. I FU>atied£e ft .Soiw. ) 

Wx bare hare another of ihosv popular, bat ralu- 

M» books of Arehbiabi^ Trvaeh which b»re 

ivcd fnot Dr. Sitytlw P*lai«r the orowniac 

graces of "up-to-dateness" and evaclitud«. In 
this, as in similar works, the whole is brightly 
written, and full of information and sngge«tion. 
To oiio of the nio«t prized Wurka of a generation 
mid a half Ago Dr. iSinylhn Palmer Contribute* 
some additional note* of high value and a short but 
useful bibliography of proverbs. The book is a com- 
tianiou volume to Trench's ' KokIIsIk I'ast and 
Present' and 'On the Study of \\'<ird*,' and lo Dr. 
.Sinythe PalnieriJ 'The Folk and their Wi>rd-Loro.' 
ThiH u/rti^riUt—ii is little more— is lo bo varuilr 
commended, and takes precedeaco of more ambi- 
tious works on the same subiect. 

Shortly after eight o'clock on the 22od iasf. 
Mr. Oeorge Jacob Holyoake, the wefl- known 
L'nartist, died at BriKhton. Bora at Kirniine- 
hdm on 13 April, 1S17, Holyuske became earVy 
known as a lecturer in connexion with the Owru 
nioveiiient. _ In 1841 he was tlio Mil)i»-(t of the 
last conviction for blasphemy. 'i-^ an un- 

Hlniiiiied newspaper he incurrC'l nntiuK to 

fM),(M)(. He was secretflry to • ' i-.ion 

sent in 1861 to Garibsldi. II ,-^y 

inRtnimenial in bringiiiK jibfnj; • ^^.^ 

of l.StR). An occasional coi.- ,„^ 

he was responsible for the i^^ 

Pioneers,' 'History of lj....,.vi„. ,, i,tiiii«iid,' 

' The Co-operative Movement of To-dav,' and * NitiT 
Years of an AuiUtor's Life' (IMftJ). He is credited 
with the introduction of the substantive ** Jingo." 

^aiittt io CorrMponbmU. 

Wt miM( eeUl qrecta/ cUletition to tkt fctivttmf 

notices; — 

On all communications must be wriltao the 

and address of the sender, not necessarily for pab' 
lication, but as a guarantee of ^ood faith. 
Wk cannot ondertake to anawerquerie* privately. 
To seotire insertion of coninwiin.tti,.... Ttrre- 
spondente must observe the f" l^% 

each note, query, or reply be vv i rtte 

slip of paper, with the signature i>t .[,ii 

such addreoe as he wishes to appear. 

tng queries, or making notes with rega. . ,^i 

entries in the paper, contributors are re<|u. . -d : 
put in parentheses, immediately after il..- n*..; 
heading, the aeries, volume, and |>a^ or page* ta 
whioh they refer. CorresiKMidenta who reiml 
qneriee are requested to head the ssnoiiil nam- 
mnnioation " Duplicate." 

Ceo. W. Hahutku. ("Campanilea"!. — Uata i^ 
detached belfries will be foood at 10"^ 8. Iv. 911. 
'JOO, 415, 465, 511 ^' 

D. !— Forwarded. 

ERRATrM.— .4a/e, p. S6, ooL ?, 1. 5, for "CeOTr" 

BdiUirial ooamanioatiooa abonui tie siMi^mj 
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tiaementa and Bueiaeaa Laitaca to **TIm ftk 
lisher"— at the Office, Braaa'a Puiiitli^, fHnnoiij 

We bes Uave t« atoU Ibat wo ilmM— to tHua 
ce a mw i ni i i a l iBM wUoh, far any raano, «• da mi 
pciB%t ■■' to this rate «• oan mak* ■• 



THIS WEEK'S ATHEN^UM contains Articles on 







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PlFfH. A Famlebad Hoaaelntka eame Retreat at A blMila Lanf ley 
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Uad Taia*MV4f • 

BIXTH. A eontrlhatlia lAwardi Pnaeral Kipenae* wbea It 1* aecded. 

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BinHiH Ihe parcurDt of trie fta^'ecnpuone coeifer* ao abftolata 
f lent to these beneUt* In all caae* of aeed. 

For tanher iBfnrniatloa apply to Ik* e^craimry, Mr. GBOBOB 
1.AI1MKK. a. ra:art>o>ler Row.BC. 

MMOTBBtali aUCKtRBtf** ' • --Mi 

or SOe. M for ToalT* MatUw, << J. 

BDWAMU FRAMCIB, A'aUi tmt 0"' .eg*. 

Cbmcery Lab*, B.C. 

PATIENT (FATING) coald b« TARBK by a 
ItOCTOK at HBIOHTOH. Hon** apa«ioae And anlaadKIr 
altaated. Btery comfort and lucdlctl ear* — Applr. )• Brat Inalaaea, 
to Hui eoi, Atbeoaam Praaa, IJ, Bream 'a BnUdlaga. Chaaeary Lam. M.C. 

MR. L. CULLSTON, 62. Piccadilly. London 
iMettib«r«f Bngllih Aa4F«r«igB Aatliiaulaa Boelcuaai, «Mar- 
Mhai the furnlihlng «t BntMU tro« Panak li«a1Mn«, OOptoa a* 
Ab*M«cU Initn Wlllr. ClkaAMr* rp n * | i l (a««. aid MMf IIAaorte QnM 
torOaaaai gicai erideaoaalB nidiBtf, fcMteag, aad balaaA. 
Abbreriaird ijiiin UoeawMitf Ospt*«. Iiwadaa Aa4 TiaaaHtai 

Fornltcn McKarrhre carried ea<. ■BtBlrlM larltoB. ibf. OMMMafB 
PrKate CollecLliini are worth eo**alCl*l tor OlOe* 

Antiiigartaa and itviaaulli: Malarial laarabad far aad t»>la« M Ika 
Brilltb Ma*euiu aad aUat ArobllM. 

■BitmliMvallTM' tiaod. H* 
From Joka atOaaatdoU briac kla pttlgn*."- 

ANCBSTRY, EnRliah, Scotch. Irish, and Am«nc&n, 
TUACBIirrainBrAI'B H.B(^>HI>S (ipeelallly - « eat nl BfeaVaAA 
and Bnlinat Famlllae.-Mr. KBYNBLL-UPHAM, 
Ba*t*r, aad I, Upham Park Kaad, cblawiek, Loadoa. W. 

HOOKS.— ALL ODT.OK-PKINT BOOKS (natter on what eebjeet. Acknowladged tb« w^rld 
nrer ae tA« m»«t eiperi Husknader* eitaat. IMeaaa etat* waala.— 
BAICBB'S Oraat Uuiitshop, U-ls, John bright Street, r 




Of n aad a. Wfatl3rd8in«t,II*w York, aad N. BMKFUMO BTBIR, 
LOMUOn, W.C , detire tocallthaancatlnaal dM KBAOINO rCBUO 
to tha aaeallaat faetllUea praaaalcd by thair Jbaaak Hoaaa la I«adaa 
lor nillng, on Uw tnoat tttronrabl* l«nii«. orttn far thai/ p«B 
Caiajogaea aeni oa applleatloa. 






Faada caoaad ta.OO(M. 

OAet : litmortal BaU BuUdlag*. is. r^trrlngdaa Btraal, UMBB, ILC. 

patron : 

n* KIgbl Htfl. th« HAUL of R08BBBST, S.O. 


Tha lUghl Hua. tha UOUU OLSHBJL 

Trtaearer . 


MI, Mrasd, W.C. 

Tnaloo* (Bk^OBolo Member* of ComtalttMj : 



ALFHJtU HXMtY HANCB, Kaq. (Cfcalnwaa 01 OacamlMa*)- 


OfUROrS -TMi tnetltatinn wai erlAUUbed la IMi la MA OO tt 
Londoii under tbo Pcwild*acr »f i''e laiv Alil*>aiaa Haewar, (w 
granting Peniloae and Tanpurar? A»>i<taa<« to p«M>|al> «Ad 
aaaletaate eagaged ae vendor* of newvpaper*. 

A liunailon nl Ten Oalneu rf-netltuiet a Tir*~tv*aldaat AAd ■!*• 
three lotee for ill» at all elecUon* Rat^h iwnaUaa at IBraa O rf i»i 
euei a <oi« at all electlone f»r lite Btery Aaasat Ba l i tnf N 
antiUad to oa* rote at all aleeUune la r<apa«t uC aaah F\*a BMUlaaa ■ 

'mbmBSBBRIP -Brerr mea aad aromaa lArsaAoat tha TJllMi 
Klagdoat. wnainer pnbllebcr, »bal*atlor. |»«BU**. raaM}«r. m 
anspiayed I* entitled to beeom* a n>*wb*r at lAI* Iaa«c«IMa, m* 
enlnrlla beneflu upon paToianl of Fie* Bkiliing* aanaallp aa T%n8 
Guinea* tor Life, proTldad thai ba af ika la —g*t»i IB (kt aaM m 

4 eleftlaa *A ail r *i a <aw 
e«bae «l ta* laaMnck* 

>noa 1 131 aat laa* «■• 

fortably Faroi«h*<l MIUbk Riom and oa* H»dra<Mn Pleaaaat 
and oaotnl. Ho oUexa ukta.— U. U., M, arotc Uiil Hoad, lasbridga , 
WaUa. i 

fraturet «1 the i 
c ,ii4ldat« »hall r ' 

I, . io lea year* v- 

bill urc f.*'- 0( ag« , C3| OBkk., 

'^BLlBP^'remporarT r-Ilat i» l«f»« I* *aa*« at dlii e aiA am ■writ 
to Manibern ot th* laelitaUoa. nat W new*»»»aBre a* tMrte 

who may b« r«comme«d*d tof a**>i»r; - ■ -r* M tAa li 

Uoa laqoiry I* raaU* la taek «*•«• ' -' 

rallet l» awarded la acmdaad* wn* 


>»^nt n daa*>i *< 


10* s. V. Feb. 3. 19060 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

LONDOX. SATVRDAY, yEBlilAllY :, l'J06. 

CONTENTS.-N0. 110. 

NOTES -tvj L»ne, Strimd. 8l-Slr QlILcrt I'lckerliig. oJ 
TiU-limiinili, W-Kol^e'l Ureeiic'i Prtifi- Wnrki, HI -BihjIi- 
ci'lli-r* I '..I ilf.i;ii<r«, Si — JcMifph NnUrketi>'» IJbr«r\' — 
I>>< <\u Iiiniciinii - Wllllnm IIUkf> — Cnloiir 

Tr-1 Hryili-M un tbe T«'kelltes-Pf.1l|{r«e DI(B- 

oil. , - '.«i)lft"n iir SUiuuli''"'. f*7. 

<JUIililK!j :— C»ii»ili«n Col'pge "f Anin— Owen Manning;, 
till! Hltl^rUii f! Slurry, S7-Willlnm Etty-SnlUjutUU i.t 
K.^m-Mm,,,,. Ynrk-Hev. Hlclmrd Hi.llMi.l-" Suf«rm»n '■ 

— 1 lotif, ,-. 1^>, 58 — Tynme: Ua Hittory— 
it' .r €il lb* Cuurl nf Kxchfi(iiL"r— Cnnova's 
W .„ ... ..„ .111.1 -Nrl»<iii Ilelic in C..r.lca - WilllAm 
Blnkf ami 8. T. C'>leri<1|;i! — n»'C '. It'iliinn -. Kdmoiirli : 
B>««?y-M.A. »n.l MP. PiirllBmenl — Q'lliien Koot «t 
Iiiiiihill.'k — " $ti«kkpsp<>rF " : " ShiikMjin," 8B — Peg 
WnfflnitVjn — Hell Ktre Club. RlinburRh - Munl.ipnl 
Swrtril iK-nrer — '• Tlir Two F.ienilf," PrliiCM Slr»ft, \*). 

RKPLIRS -Pi'lKlx ur Plcrnn KnKll«li. '.«•-" Bmwii Deis" 
as apfilleil In a MnikL't— " PliotnK'*P^>y "— Stevenuni and 
Scott: '• HeMoniHitury" — T«Ui;le-lwl|{«, fl— "James" 
Vr>lv»r«lty— " Sj«ml>i>k" : ll» Pronunciation— Aiitlnir* ii( 
Qu'.UIlnni Wanl^^l-SbeffirM Plate. W -• Krl'i|uiir Wnt- 
timiaiiK- ' — Mflcliinr fiiijilickena — " )'i){liilt; ": " Piklc" 

— Byron ami Orrt-W Rrammar. fj— Cerll Family— Nfl»nn 
Paniuama*— Campl^lU lii the S<r»fi'l— New Year Luck. ft| 
— Ca««.'ir» * Work* of Kniinent Masters '- Colet on Peace 
arid War — l^^iiirton ParivJiUi HUtory — Halr-iviwiltirlng 
C'InicIa — " Famoui " Cbeliea. W — Ofwii-iiir Pulplf* — 
Cricket -Thoma*<1e, 8. J.. V'l — •Mo<1ern Uiiiverwl 
Brillsit Traveller '-Itnlifnia by C J. F' x. fC 

HOriid ON BOOKS -• The 8t<>ry of ObarinK Crotg ami it* 
Imm«<1iate Nelifbbiiurbooil' — "Tbe Polllkal Hl^l^'ry of 
EtiKlO'i'I ' — 'SlK'fi'^* ">i Anglo-SKxon Iiikiltuticiia ' - 
■■ Poenia '— ' Matthew I'rlor's Pdems on Several Occasiona ' 
— ' Facta mikI Fani ie» f"r the Curlnus ' — 'Starllgtit Stfitiei ' 
— 'A>itlior and Printer' — • The Law uiiil Practice cf 
Cb»Mg.' <.i Nrtme'— 'A Qiilde toTldeawelland iUChurcli.* 

f»blMiHry -Kverard Home Coleman, 

S<>o]ltell«r*° CnUlogutt. 



Mr. p. NoRMAS'a volume on 'London 
Vani«hetl and Vanisbing,' noticed at 10'*' S. 
iv, 5.38>, was one of tl«e most interesting of 
the topogi-a7>ltical works publislied during 
the past j-ear. Many additions to hi-s list 
will undoubtedly have to be made from time 
to time, but the interest in any future edition 
would l>e materially increased if a chapter on 
• V*ni->ilic<l and Vanishing Streets' were in- 
i eluded. Even narrow passages, into which 
lew or no dwellingjj opened may have con- 
tained hous&s or possessed associations worthy 
of Ijeing recorded. To one of this latter kind 
I de.sire to draw attention, viz., to Ivy Lane, 
Strand, nearly opposite the Vaudeville 
Theatre. This, after having existed for 
several centuries, has within the last few 
years been obliterated, so far as the public 
are concerned, without any special notice of 
its loss being takiinin any of the newspapeis. 
The extension of the Hotel Cecil westwards 
absorbed this lane into its precincts, and its 
entrance is now close<l by an iron gale. 

Ivy Lano wiw one of several narrow 
•iteep pa-isages which acle«I as waterways, iu 
CraasoiittJng to the river various streams 

which descended from the higher ground of 
Covent Garden and its vicinity, especially on 
the eastern side. In July, 1607, the supply 
of water to Durham is stated. to bo 
derived from "a certain spring head or con- 
duit situate in the Covent Garden " (Hatfield 
MSS. Deeds, 226, 14}. The overllow from this 
woulil pass towards Ivy Lane. 

Thoso rivulets are thus described in Jesse'a 
'London' (1871), iii. 317 :— 

" These Btieanis were S|ianned by as many ItriHges, 
tho remains of one of wIulIi. coiisialiiijf o^ a siui^Ie 
stone arch al>oul eleven feel iu lenelli, were dii- 
covered in 1SU2, during the crmslructiou of a new 
Kewer a lililc to the eastward of f?t. Clement's 
Church, 'i'he two olheia were loverally known as 
Strand Bridge and Ivy Bridge ; Ihe site of both 
bridges being jwinted out by Strand Lane and Ivy 
Bridge Lane, wliich anciently formed the channels 
throdfh which the two rivulets (lowed to the 

The earliest account we poa.sess of these 
structures is thus related by Stow ; — 

"Then had yee in the high street a faire bridge, 
called Strand Bridge, and under it a lane or way, 
downe to the landing place on the banke of 

. Thames Ivie Bridge in the high street, which 

bad a way under it, leading downe to the Thames, 
the like as SQinetitne had the Strand bridge, is now 
Uken downe."— 'London' (\tm), 490-1. 

Mr. Norman describes tho former, but omits 
all reference to the latter. 

Ivy Lane, also known as Ivy Bridge Lane 
and Ivy Bridge (the last term is used on tlie 
Ordnance map of 1H94-C), was crossed at its 
Strand entrance by a narrow bridge, so that 
foot passengers could travel along (he path- 
way drysbod ; while at the riverside the lane 
terminated iu a landing-place, causew.iy, or 
.small pier. A .similar arrangement existed 
in iho case of the other Strand laiiea 
traversed by streams. Now some of the 
standard works on London make the singular 
error of describing these bridges as identical 
with tiie landing-places, thereby placing 
them at the wrong end of their respective 
lanes, as in the following extract from Cun- 
uingham'js ' Handljook for London ' <1819) :— 

"Ivy Bridge, Ivy Lane, Slrand. A jtier and 
bridge at the bottom of Ivy-bridgelane."— Vol. ii. 
p. 419. 

"Strand Lano led, in the olden time, to 

Htratid-bridge (or pier), in the .--aiiio way that lyy- 
lane, in the Strand, led to Ivy bridge (or pier)." — 
Vol. ii. p. 787. 

Apparently based on these entries, Thorn- 
bury, in 'Old and New London,' records 
similar errors (iii. 77, 101); although, singu- 
larly enough, he allutles to " 'Strand Bridge,' 
as applied by Stow and others to a bridge 
ill. the Strand " (iii. 77). Cunningliiim mny 
podsibly have l>w;n misled by the plan of the 
parish of St. Martinin-tlie-rields cotit«.\.«A& ^ 


NOTES AND QUERIES. no^ s. v. Fm a. im 

in Strype'a edition of Stow published in 
1755, wliicli shows the whole lenptli of Ivy 
L^ne, but is lettered only at its river end as 
"Ivy Bridge" (ii. 650). 

When these bridges were removed is un- 
known ; most proijftbly their removal took 
place in tlie sixteenth century, some lime 
after the Strand was paved. 

The following aro the points of interest 
connected with Ivy Lane: — 

1. It was one of the landing-places for 
goods for Covent Garden Market. 

2. In 1584 Queen Klizabetli gave Durham 
House to Sir \V. lialegh, and he resided 
tliere until lie was deprived of it by Jame.s I. 
in 16f>^. Ivy Lano formed the original 
boundary of tlie Durham estate, and sepa- 
rated it from tlie land on its eastern side, on 
which Sir Koberfc Cecil (afterwards Earl of 
Salisbury) erected Salisbury House. 

.'J. As recorded by Stow, it " parteth tlie 
Liberty of tim Dutchie, and the Citie West- 
minster on that S<iuth side " (491). 

4. The Duke of York (afterwards James II.) 
was taken prisoner in ItJIH, and confined in 
St. Jamu-t's Palace, wticnce he escaped, and, 
passing down Ivy Lane, took a boat at the 
stairs there, and proceeded to Gravcaeiid, 
and ultimately to Itotterdam. 

5. AniDtigst the documetits belonging to 
St. Martin • in - the ■ Fields is one lieadetl 
"Rate towardes the repaires of Ivey Bridge, 
1C51." And iji the churcliwardens' accounts 
of the same parish for the same year " there 
is given the details of a collection from 'per- 
sons of Honour and others not liveing in 
this parish towards tlie repaire of Ivey 
Bridge, that they might goe with their 
horses to water" (Catalogue, ifcc. pp. 3-4). 
The ooTitiuuattun of its use for this purpose 
may {although a century later) have led 
Strypo in 1755 to coiuplajti of tfie passage 
being " very bad, and scarce fit for Use, by 
Beason of the Unpassableness of the Way " 

0. It was tims noticed by Pcpys in 1G69 : 
" March 22. To several cook's snops» where 
nothing to be had ; and at last to the corner 
shop, going down Ivy Lane, by my Lord of 
Salisbury's, and there got a good dinner," 

7. During the first decade of the reign of 
Queen Victoria, it was well known to, and 
extensively used by, the public, aa the ap- 
proach to the pier from which the " half- 
Eenny " (not the "penny" ones, as stated 
y Cunningham) boats plied to and from 
Lon<lon Bridge. A man in a red coat stooij 
at the Strand entrance to the lane to guide 
passengers. The service of bouts consisted 
of the Ant, the Bee, and the Cricket; but 

after the disastrous explosion of the l&st 
named in August, 1847, the service wiv$ dis- 
continued. T. N. Bbushfieu). M.D. 



In S"^' S. i. 270 C. J. R. wished to kn 
what relationship existed Ijetweeu I 
branch of Pickerings at Whaddon (baronet 
created lOGl) and that of Titchmar*.h, p 
viouB to the marriage of Sidney l^ickenn, 
The will of Lucy Pickering (dated 6 Jul 
IfjSO), of Aldwinckle, Northants, stugi 
woman, mentions "Sir John Pickering 
Titchmarsh " ; "her sister Susanna P.''; "h 
brother Mr. John P., deceased"; '*V 
adopted son, Mi". Gilbert P. (.son and h 
apparent of Sir .John P.)" ; "her sister Mi 
Mary Allin " ; "her nephew Sir Henry I- 
" her nephew Mr. Charles Dryden [i 
Draiden]''; "her nephew Mr. Uo 
Elton " ; " her nephew and goilson Erasm 

In Wotton's ' The English Baronetag 
vol. i. p. .352, T>ondon, 1741, the third 
Erasmus Dryden, of Titchmarsli, in co 
Northton., Esq., married Mary, daugh 
John Pickering, D.D., rector of Aldwi 
by whom he had four sons and ten daughl 
1. John, the Poet- Laureate, ifec Again, 

S». .358, Charle!', the eldest (son of John, Poe 

In Burke's ' Peerage and Baronetage,' 185' 
p. 324 (under Dryden), 3, Erasmus, of Titc" 
marsh, CO. Northampton, married Mar,, 
daughter of Rev. John Pickering, D li,i 
and liad, (together) with daughters, foi 
sons, Ac. 

In Betham's ' Baronetage,' vol. Jr., 1 
p. 27.3 (under Dryden), 3. Erasmus Dry( 
of Titchmarsh, in Northampton, Esq , wl; 
married Mary, daughter of John Pickerii 
D.D., rector of Aldwinckle, by whom he h 
four sons and ten daughters : I, Joiin. th 
I'oet-Laureate, itc. Of the daughters, 2, Ro; 

was wifeof Lauglitou, D.D., of Catwort 

Ac. Again, at p. 277, John, the Pof 
Laureate, married Lady Elizabeth UowardJ 
an<] had issue tliree sons, viz., Charles, Jol 
and Henry. 

Although Wotton, Burke, and Bethi 
each state that Erasmus Dryden marri 
Mary, daughter of John Pickering, D.Di 
other authorities state that Mary wm^ thi 
daughter of Henry Pickering, D.D. S 
Whalley's etlition of Bridges'* 'History 
Northamptonshire,' vol. ii. p. 211 : — 

"In the Pursonajte house of Aldwincle All Sain 
WM born Mr. Dryden the Poet, whose MothM W 

S. V. Feb. 3, 1906.] 



daughter of Mr. Henry Pickering, rector of lh» 

Ag&in, at p. 210:— 

" liodiface PiokeriiiK wM P»tron fronj 15S8 on- 
wards, diirinR which time Henry Pickering wm 
Rector for ten yeani, dyiiiK in 10.37." [He aiijieara 
tobe l>ie Hilly incumbent of the name of Pickering.] 

In Kaker's ' History of Nortliampton ' is 

inpr, of Titclimarsli, son ami heir 1619, who- 
raarrietl Susart, fJaughter of Erasmus Dryden, 
of Canons Ash by, Xortliants, Esq.; Mary ; 
Frances, sp', Elizabeth, u.xor of Itobert 
Horaman, of Kensington, co. Mitkilesex. 

The tombstone evidence mentioned above 
would add another son to Sir Gilbert's issue 
(according to Metcalf), viz., Rev. Dr. Picker- 

^ And 
^ of I 

given tlioDryden pedigree, in which Erasmus inp;, who, according to Whalley-Bridges, was 

Henry Pickering, rector of Aldwinckle, who. 
die<l in 1657, sepult. Aldwinckle, tlius :— 
Here lyelh the body of Henry Pifkcring, 
Rector of tiiis Church the npiice of lOyeara, 

Who departed Ihia life the day of .'je|tteu'iber 

1057, Kt. 73. *' 

Lucy Pickering, whose will is dated C July, 
1G80, id probably another child of Sir Gilbert 
Pickering, and "her brother iMr. jolin 
Pickering, deceased," was physician of Ald- 
winckle, and his arinn prove his identity. A 
brass in Aldwinckle All Saints', fixed on the 
wall in the fourth aisle, bears the following 
arms and in.scription : Ermine, a lion ram- 
pant (azure, for Pickering), quartering three 
chaplets (gulo.'j, for La.scelles). Crest, a 
lion's f^arab. (erect and erased az., armed or,. 

Vein' Creator. 
Here restelh the body of John PickerinR, 

Wlio dyed the «tli day of October. 18o9. 
Reader thou art sick to death, more danger in 
Thy Boul the lesf; lUuu Feeleat, purge otit thy sio ; 
01» iteeke to live (I aludied ciire.s) and foumf 
(Christ's preoioiia blood left balm for every wound ; 
Dear Bj'c, iieruae, refoiirme, redeem, f iitfilf, 
My line«, thy life, thy tynie, Hod'a holie will, 

Abi Viator, 

The deceased I. P. wrote this ejiitajih I6o"2, »t. Ivi. 
Lucy's "sister Susanna P." niiglit refer to 
her sister-in-law, Sir John Pickering's wife 
Susan or Susanna Dr^deM, " Jler sister 
Mrs. Mary Ailin." is perhaps the daughter 
quoted by Metcalf in the ' Vixit-*. Northants." 
As Edward Drydeu married Elizahoth, Hister 
of Sir Thomas Allen, or AUin, and daughter 
of Edward Allen, or Allin, of FincMey, it is 
not at all improbable that Mary Pickering 
also married into this family. " Her nephew 
Sir Henry Pickering" is very probably the 
baronet of WImddon (created ICPl ; and it 
may be ho that was ktn'ghteil 1 Feb, 1657; 
see Metcalf, ' A Book of Knights'). O. E. C., 
'Complete Baronetage,' states, "Sir Henry 
Pickering. Ist Itart. of Whaddon, was the 
only son of the Rev. Henry Pickering, D.D., 
rector of Aldwincle"; and if this be the 
»nd heir of Jolin Pickering, of Titchmarsh), case, it aflfords suflicient proof that Lucy 

married Elizabeth, daughter of Haggard, must have been a sister to the Rev. Henrv 

of Born, Cambs, and had issue John Picker- 1 Pickering, since how else could -iVv^ >a.v 

brytlen, of "Titchmarsh, who was buried in 
tlie "Pickering vault," 18 June, 1G54, <ft. CG, 
married Mary, daughter of the Rev. Henry 
Pickering, rector of Aldwinckle. also buried 
in the Pickering vault at Titchmarsh, U June, 
IG7G. Baker states that the poet Dryden was 
born at Aldwinckle, 1G31, and married Eliza- 
betii, youngest daughter of Thoma-s Howard, 
Earl Jf Berksliire. She died 1 May, 1701. 

Maunder's 'Biographical Treasury' states 
(under the poet Drvden) that in 1GJ7 he was 
secretary to his relation Sir Gilbert Picker- 
ing, who was one of Cromwell's Council ; that 
he was made Poet- Laureate in 1G67, and was 
buried in Westminster Abliey, 1700. 

Elizabeth Creed, only surviving daughter 
of Sir Gilbert Pickering, first laronet, is 
respfjnsiblo for a numl>er of excellent epitaphs 
in Titchmarsh Church. Amongst these, in 
1722, in the eightieth year of her age, she 
wrote this : — 

" Hero lies the honoured remains of Erasmus 
Dryden, eeq , and Mrs. Mary PickerinK, his wife. 
He wa« the third son of Sir Erasmus Dryden, an 
ancient Bironct. who lived with (jreal honour in 
this country in the reign of i^ieen l<]li?.aVieth. Mr. 
Drydeu was a very ingeumua worthy (ieutlenian 
and .Tusticc of the Peace in this county. Ho married 
Mr&. Mnry Pickering, daughter of the Reverciul 
Dr. Pickering, of ATdwinkle, and Granddaughter 
of Sirdilbert Pickering, Kt. Of her it maybe truly 
said," Jkc. 

In searching the Visitations of North- 
ampton!»hire we find that a gap occurs 
between those of 15C4 and those of 1GI8-1.». 
Wotton remarks on this gap in 'The English 
Baronetage,' vol. iv. pp. 34G-7, L<jndon, 

"Sir Gilbert Pickering, of Titchmarsh, Knt., 
eldest eon and heir [of John Pickerinj?, of Titch- 
marsh!. X.U. By the Inquisition I think it plain 
that the vacuum between the two visitations is 
rightly filled up, and the a^e of Sir John, successor 
to .Sir (Gilbert, very well answers ; but this Sir 
Gilbert's Lady or younger children cannot by it be 

In the 'Visitations, Northants, made in 
l.VU and lGI8-y,' edited by Walter C. Met- 

calf, F.S A.. London, 1887, we find that Sir 
Gilbert Pickering, of Titchmarnh, Knt. (son 


NOTES AND QUERIES. cio'* «. v. teb. 3. loofi. 

Ijocn aunt to Sir Henry Pickering, of 
Wliatldoii ? 

"Lucy's nephew, Mr. Charles Dryden or 
Draiden " was the eldest son of Joliu, Poet- 
Laureate, by hh wife EMzabeth. "Her 
nephew Jtobert Elton " probably married one 
of the ten sisters of John, Poet Laureate ; and 
lastly, "her nephew Erasmus Lauton"inall 
proljability was a son of the marriage of 
Close, tlie f'oet-Laureate's second eldest sister, 
with Lauton, D D,, of Catworth. 

It 18 stated at 4"' S. vi. 17 that " Mary 
Pickering wa-s married at St. Mary's Church, 
Dublin, on Aug. 10, 1773. to her cousin- 
;german Heniy lludkin, Esi]., of Wells, co. 
<_-at]ow (son of Henry lludkin and Deborah, 
fourth dauf^hler of Franks Bernard)" As 
may be exjiected after reading 10"' S. ii. -121, 
*Sir Cilbert Pickering, liart- : Bernard and 
lludkin Families,' no such entry appears in 
St. Mary'.s register for 1773. 

John A. Rupekt- Jones. 
iPenbryu, Clicshain Bois. 

(.See 10"' S. iv. 1, 81, 1(W, 224, 483.) 
Dyce's list of Greene's prose works— and 
of t!>e tracts a.scribed to iiim— does not con- 
tain an important tract already mentioned, 
"The Defence of Conny-catching. or A Con- 
'futalion of those two injurious Pamphlets 
published by H. O. against the praetiti<ji)crs 
•of many Nimble - witted and mysticall 
Sciences. Hy Cuthbert Conny - catcher, 
1502." This witty tract is included in 
Oreene's works in Hazlitt's 'General Index' ; 
and quotations from it in the * New ICnstlish 
Dictionary ' are ascribed to Greene. Those 
who maintain it is by Greene, upon whom it 
is a venomous attack, do so upon the ground. 
I believe, that it was a catchponnj', and 
written to advertise an<l prolong the series. 
<3ro3art, happily, reprints it, but I quite 
agree with him that it is not by Greene. See 
liis noto in vol. xi. p. i<x I reject it as 
Greene's even more confidently upon other 
groumi than lliat there ad<luced : ui>on 
evidence of language and style. And since 
there is a distinct connexion l^otween this 
tract and Greene's most famous piece, the 
|<^uip for an I'jistart Courtier,' I believe it 
is worth while to consider the question a 
little closely. 

At the very outset a difKcuIty confronts 
■OS. Why ttc'-> injurious patophlots, when we 
have the three parts of 'Conny-catching,' 
jind the ' Disputation,' apparently making 
•four of about ojuil length I I think the 
^writer lumps the first three in one, and it is 

some confirmation of this that the author 
of the ' Defence ' lays stress upon Greene's 
mention of Whittington College in his 
address to the reader preceding Part III. 
He dwells upon this in his own addre.<»8 "Tci 
the Pieader.'^ The Third Part, the 'Disputa- 
tion,' and the 'Defence.' all bear the date 
]T)i)2. U any of Greene's undoubted tract* 
on conny catching succeeded the ' Defence,' 
we should expect to find a mention of tlie 
latter, which I have not traced. We should 
still expect it in Greene's * Quip,' but, on the 
contrar3', as I am about to show, the 'Quirv' 
makes free use of the ' Defence.' This migfjt 
be taken a^s an argument in favour of 
Greene's having written the latter. On the 
whole, I think it was written by s^imo con- 
fe<lerate or friend, jointly perhaps, with the 
acrimonious parts placed prominently to 
confer interest and reality upon the attack. 
When the author of the * Defence ' proves 
"Maister }{. 0." to be a conuv -it. I.^r 
himself, by his having sold tlie ■- 
* (Jrlando Furioso,' to the Queen's 1 i .v 

twenty nobles, and, when they were in the 
country, having sold it for as much niore to 
the Lord Admiral's men, he brings an accusa- 
tion Greene would have rebutte<l, wer« it 
jiossible. No doubt every one know it, and 
it was useless to attempt to do so. Still, 
Greene can hardly be conceivetl as referring 
to the incident in such terms, or in any 

Greene's " style " varies so widely in thene 
tracts from the Euphuistical Greene that 
an argument upon it carries little weight. 
I find, however, a number of expressions in 
the 'Defence' which are nowJiere used by 
Greene. There is also a deal of legal jargon 
interspersed, that he does not usually -I i . 
familiarity with (xi. .'i2-8 ; and elsewhni.o 
And there are, taken in their order as I'm v 
occur, the following terms <not teclioi. aI 
ones due to the sobject of the ' r)efenr.' ) 
unused by Greene, or used only later in ins 

"1 might at the nexte Midsotumcr have 
worne Doctor Storie's cappe for a favor " 
(p. 44V That is to say, I might have been 
hange«l, equivalent to a "Tyburn tippet." 
Dekker and Taylor the Water-poet hava 
"Storie's cap" several times. On the fol- 
lowing page there is a truly humorous sketch 
of a coney-catcher's discomfiture, due to 
Greene's tracts, that Greene could not for 
the life of him have penned. Slow icIN us 
r Chronicle,' 1671), "The first of June Jolin 

Story, a Doctor of tiio Canon law «a<t 

drawne toTiburn an<l there hangexi." Woa 
he allowed! to wear his acarlomic^ls for • 

io«. H. V. FtB. 3. IW0.1 NOTES AND QUERIES. 


favour? Tiiere waa a ballad on it. "I be- 
gan to gather into liiiu Reiitly" (4.'t) = urKe 
him. " Palpable aMS " (-16). " Peumau " (4G), 
"Ale knigl»t"(4C). "Brairies beaten to the 
yarking up of ballads" (49) =exi)eiienced in. 
'TliG old Cole hath such quirke.s and quid- 
dities" (03)= old lip. "Dead stuff" (53) = un- 
marketaide. ''Shoots out in the " (53) 
== runs riot 1 "Your maaliipi>e"(54, C9, ikc). 
"Keaching wit" (58). 'Mf there were a 
dormer built to it "(59). " His bloody lugges" 
(62; = bleedinp ears, Scotch earlier. "Hopper 
[of fuill with] false hole" (G6) ; this is in 
'Quip' (xi. 282), but not elsewliere. "Ale- 
MFife unless she nick her pots "(68), a vint- 
nor'i cheat. "Tl»e chalk must walk " (68)= 
score ui» a biM. *' Oslry faggots" (OS)— 
scamped fuel This is in "Quip" (i".')). and a 
good deal of the vintner's cheats ((59) is 
developed there to greater length (278-9). 

"Butclier with Jiis prickes puffe up his 

ineate " (69), repeated in * Quip ' (274). 
" Draper his darke shop to shadow the dye 
and wool! of his cloth " (C9), repeate<l in 
'Quip ' (277). "One of the I'antry " (70, 71). 
" Uosmographize " (72). "Mustachies after 

the lash or Lions peak pemlent" (72), 

repeated, with much of this description of 
a fashionable gallant, in 'Quip' (247). 
"^Madril,"' "Alcaires," and "Terra firma " 
(73) : the earliest example of last, perhaps. 
"He pronounst hia words like a bragout" 
(80), tins pipned [?] bragout" (74); no other 
examples in ' N.E.D.' "Alia Neapolilano" 
(74), '"All' espagnole" (72), "Alia revolto" 
(7H), ♦'Alia mod© de Krance" (72), "Alia 
boone voyage ' (27). " Pilling and polling" 
(76). " Lock worn at left ear " (70). " Mag- 
nifico ' (77, 99). "They stand upoui circum- 
stances" (70). "A kind of schola-stical 

pragon " (80). "Past, As in present i as 

far as Cannen hn-mcmn " (80). " Held up his 
head like a Malt hnrse" (80). "At the 
boorde.s end " (83). " Tlie Poligamoi or bel- 
swagger? of tlie country " (8.1). " The Vene- 
tian and the gallogascame is stale, and trunk 
slop out of use," ic. (0:>). "Italian wing" 

(9.">). tailoring. " Fight in Mile-end under 

Duke of Shoroditch "(90). "To use the figure 
Plcnwitmo* llisce /Ku't't," {9Q), the tailoring 
coneycatcliing is hardly repeated in the 
'Quip,' which follows there another source 
more clo»ely. " Hell under tailors shop- 
hoard " lOG, 240 in 'Quip.' "Snip and 
Snap" (90). "Divel lookte over Lyncolne" 
(97). "Hichest billiment lace" i'07). "French 

Eaimle hou^e" (97). "This Glorioso this 
owical huffo souffo" (98). 
The above list, which might be extended 
with law terma and cozening words, contains 

a number of terms which are not knowt* 
earlier, and several that are not known else- 
where. None of them occurs in Greene'* 
works except those few tlmt are tranafe^^ec^ 
from this tract to Greenes 'Quip for an 
Tpstart Courtier.' Without the negative 
evidence that none of the "Greeneisms" 
appears here, I think it amounts to proof 
that the tract wa8 by another hand ; but 
that Greene made use of it in his ' Quip ' i* 
obvious. It is well known that this tract 
is borrowed by Greene— in idea, in structurii 
characteristics, and sometimes in language — 
from 'The DeVmte between Pride and Lowli- 
ness' (lOGO). But the latter is a vory tedious 
poem, whereas Greene's prose is full of wit 
and living interest, one of the best things he- 
wrote. As was his way, Greene makes no 
acknowledgment in hia dedications (there 
are two) of lii.s obligations. Bui, a;i Collier 
says in hii introduction to the earlier tract 
(Sliaks. Soc, M^i]), "he stole the whole sub- 
stance of it anri put it into prose" And w& 
may l>e thankful to him for doing so, and 
remember also that acknowledgments of thi.'* 
kind in Greene's time, and in later times, 
were Imrdly dreamt of. Collier goes on to 
say tliat tlie beginning, middle, and end of 
the 'Debate' and of CJreene'a 'Quip' corre- 
spond very closely ; and he calls attention to 
tlie fact that Harvey in ins attacks upon 
Greene has not made abundant of lhi.s 
offence against him. I hnd a passage in 
Harvey which, oddly enough, would show 
that he did not know of the 'Debate,' and 
indicates that he him.self was the suggester 
of the '(^uip.' It is in his reply to Lyly, 
written in ]W9 (Groaart's ' Harvey,' ii. 187) ; 
" Witt might devise a plea.surable Dialogue 
betwixt the Leather Pilch and the Velvet 
coate ; and hcl|)e to persuade the better to 
deale neighlx)ui ly with the other ; the other 
to content himselfe with his owno caHing." 
In Lyly's tract ('Pappe with an Hatchet,' 
1088-9) it is agreeable to see what excellent^ 
vigorous, and amusing English that writer 
could make use of when he chose to lay down 
his mantle of Euphuism that fashion 
enforced liira to adiiere to. It is the most 
readable of the Martinist series, outside 
Nashe. As a final word on Euphuism I 
wouhl refer to Furncss's excellent stuily of it 
in his introduction to ' Love's Lalnjur'n 
Lost.' 19U4, Variorum Shakespeare, which 
has just reached me. H. ('. Hart. 

(7'o Ift foiUtiineil.) 

BooKSELLEuti' CvTALOGfEs.— I was gre&tty 
interested in reading a note by Col. Prideaux. 
on 'Auctioneers' Catalo%w«i' va. TV. Y'«X>' 



NOTES AND QUERIES. [io-b.v.feb.mwo. 

lishtrt' Circuhr, for 13 May, 1905, pp. 5-10-41. 
He registered a complaint agaiust iucorrccb 
anci incomplete dfitcriptions of books. It is 
needless to say lliat there are some excellent 
sale catalug^ue:) i^isued by certain Englidli 
book-dealers ; but it is, in uiy opinion, 
equally obvious that in some quarters there 
is room for improvement. 1 believe that 
there are many enterprising dealers who 
would a<ld largely to their sales by a logical 
arrangement of their catalogues. My owrj 
preference is for the Dewey decimal system 
of classification. If this be adopted, let the 
first page inside of cover be devoted to a 
combined key and table of contents. The 
catalogue yuoper will follow, arranged in 
accordance with the decimal .system, each 
subject l)y itself in alphabetic order by 
authors' surnames. If the list conclude with 
a goo<J author- index in one alphabet, so 
much the better. This need add very little 
to the expense. I venture to think tliat the 
above plan (whicli involves nothing compli- 
cated) wuuld so materially increase the ac- 
cessibility, and therefore the usefulness, of 
the catalogues, that the clientele of dealers 
wlio i«.sue them would be considerably aug- 
mented. This is a busy world, an<i one has 
not the time to wade through the average 
author-catalogue, if one liappeus to be inter- 
ested in certain subjects. 

Eugene F. McPike. 


Joseph Nollekens's Libiuuy.— J. T. Smith 
in liis • Nollekens and his Times' (1805 
edition) says : — 

"Mr. Nollekens's prinls, drawings, and books of 
iirinls, were hoKI by Mr. Kvans, in 1**11 Mall, on 
I'll u ml ay, Dooeniber 4, IHZl. Tlieynrincipallv con- 
uisle*! of nearly the entire work* of Xiculaa 
Poussin : a fine collection of the engravings ftfler 
Sir Joaliiia Keyriol<i«> jiiotures ; several sketch- 
books tilled by Mr. Nullekens when at Rome; an<l 
numerous clrawinRi also by him, made upon the 
hacks of letters." 

This date is incorrect : the sale took place on 
Thursday, 18 December, and following day. 
The biographer is also at fault in describing 
the lots. A copy of the catalogue, filled in 
by Mr. Arch of Cornhill, is before me, but I 
cannot find that any of these interesting 
drawings and engravings were offered. Tiiere 
were sketch books and a very large number 
of original drawings by Cipriani, of which 
Smith securefl lot 331, "Thirty -four 
Academy studies in red and black chalk," 
for 2/. IQs. Lots 307-ld included drawings 
and prints by Malton. Sir William Chamber.s, 
iind Cozens. Lot 284 was "Collection of 
inscriptions upon monuments and under 

busts executed by Josepli Nollekens, Esq. 
manuscript" ; but nothing else of hi-* occurs 
and the name of Sir Joshua Reynolds is noj 
mentioned. It is perhaps worth noting thaf 
some of the legatees secured parcels of print 
and books. 

There must be an explanation for thea 
errors in tlie biography, and it is possiblf 
Smith had in view some of the "9todit 
fittings" sold by Christie on Thur«(d«y, 
3 Julj', 1823, at Mortimer Street, and on the 
two following days in Pall Mall (p. 39r»). 

Aleck Abrahams. 

30, Hillmarlon Road.; SrEECHEs .\y I.nkuction. — MuchJ 
merriment has been cause<l by the discoverj 
that in the Egyptian ' Book of the Dead' an 
ancient declared he had " not inflictefl lonj 
lectures "on his hearers. But this is curiousl! 
matclied by a plea for his soul uttered bj 
Hugh Grove (Loyalist) at his exocutio»| 
H: May, 1ij05 (vol. iii., Thurloe's collections)^ 
"Gootl people, I was never guilty of inu-:" 
rhetorick, nor ever loved long speeches iu my 
life, therefore you cannot expect eitlier of 
them at my (leath. All I desire is your 
hearty prayers for my soul," Ac. 

In view of the Egyptian discovery, tiik 
seems a very close second for England. 

VV. Vovxo. 

WiLU.\M Blake. — In S"* S. xi. 302 Atxt 
9"' S. i. 454 I stated that the engravini 
in Salzmann's 'Gymnastics' were wnjngT 
attributed to this artist and engraver. 

In consequence of the observations aboi 
this book in my bibliography ' Swimminf^J 
published in 1W4 (p. 219), Mil TiiOMi 
Windsor showed (10'" S. ii. 383) that tli 
'Gymnastics' was wrongly attriiiuted Ijj 
the translator to Salzmann, and that the rel 
author of the original German book was Gul 
Muths. ' 

I have just come across another book i| 
which tlie pictures are wrongly attributed 
Blake. In Bohu's 'Lowndes.' part v. p. 13C 
the illustrations to Lamb's ' Tales from Shak^ 
speare,' fourth edition, 1B22, are said to tli 
by William Blake. The engravings to thi 
and the three previous editions, according 
the British Museum CataloKue, are by \t 
Mulready, afterwards R A. The style secni 
to show that they are not by Blake, thougf 
there is every probability that ho engrnvt 
Mulready's clrawings, which would be ve 
much Blaked in the process. 

H.^Lni TiioHA«. 

CoLOiiR Tr\nsition. — It may ^••- 
worthy that both in Old Cymric 
and Irish, as well as in other Celtic U..^. 

iO'«. 8. V. F.n. 3. 1906.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


one and the same adjective i.s used to denote 
grey, green, and light blue, viz., (fld>i. Ac- 
cording to Al. Macbain's 'Etymological 
Gaelic Dictionary' (Inverness, 1890), this 
word is probably alliecl to Engl, and Germ. 
fflms, fflas (on account of its transparency 1). 
Compare also Gr. yAoi'K-os (1) glearay, glar- 
ing, (2) light-blue, (3) grey, and its well known 
Homeric compound yAaii<cJ>7rts, applied to 
Pallas Athene. H. Krebs. 

Drvde-V ok tre Tekelitks.— The follow- 
ing lines occur in the Epilogue to * Constan- 
tine tho Great' (1684):- 

There were a sort of wii(hlfi 
(I think my author calls them Ttketilm). 

Sir Walter Scott (vol. x. p. 388), in a foot- 
note, explains tho meaning of this nickname 
for the Whigs, and quotes several instances 
of its use from contemporary writens. It 
was probably Sir Robert L'E-itrange wlio 
gave it currency, as it is to be found in 
No. 394 of The Ohsercator (29 Aug, 1(;S.3), 
where its meaning has to be explained to 
"Trimmer." L. L. K. 

Pedigree Difficulties: Mary St.\pleton 
OR Stoughton.— In 9"' S. ix. 245 Mr. G. F. T. 
Sherwood discourses wpon "how to deal 
with difficult questions of pedigree." Having 
recently encountered a puz/ling situation 
niyielf, I venture to seek permission to 
place it on record, in the hope of promoting 
a solution. My great - great - grandfather, 
James Stapleton, then living at llounslow, 
was married at Epsom Cliurch, to an Epsom 
woman, by licence, on 27 September, 17(53. 
His «ou, my great grandfather, in 184.'), Iiad 
occa-sion to procure a certificate of the Epsom 
parish rvSgister entry. According to this 
certificate, the womati's name occurs first as 
Mary Stoughton, and secondly (where she 
niake-i her fuark by way of signature) as 
Mary Souglilon, or one letter shorter. This 
variation would be insignificant, only it 
happens tlmt my great-grandfather (wljo 
surely ought to have known the maiden name 
of his own mother) appears to have quotefl it 
as Southgate when applying by letter for the 
certificate, as the then vicar oi Epsom (1845) 
wrote : — 

"In tir : manner in which the rogi^lers 

wer* f"i ■ ', 1 hiive Utile lioiibi (lie name 

WM enlc: - . : . - julhgdlo, e«|iec)ally as the imrty 
e«»em>i to havo been uimkle Lu write hor name. 
There can. however, be tittle doub* bs to the 
|iarlie< being lixjue whu»e cerliljcatc you reijuire." 

An obvious way of finally settling the 
question uf the correct form of the surname 
WM to obtain a copy of the marriage licence, 
dated one day previous to the marriage. 

But, strange to say, this action resulted in a 
worse muddle than ever, for there it occurs 
as Mary Fletcher. Finally, in tho reasonable 
hope that the woman was a native of Eijsom, 
the parish register for the year of her birth 
(1740), and thereabouts, was searched for a 
baptismal record under any of tho above 
names, but without result. 

I may add that the eldest son nf the con- 
tracting parties, Edward Stap)leton, a West 
India merchant (and a retired ensign of the 
11th W.I Regiment), owned real estate at 
Dorking in 1817, wlien he died abroad. As 
he belojiged to a Xottinghamshire family, it 
is just possible this was inherited through 
his mother. Alfred Supleton. 

158. NoL<l [Street, Nuttiughkin. 

We must r«<jne.<<t correspondeula t1e8iri<ig in- 
forniAtioii on family uiallera of only private interest 
toaftix their Dames and addreaaes to llieir (^iieriee, 
in order that answers may be sent to iheni djiect. 

Canadian College of —Will those 
of your readers possessing pedigrees, arm?, 
and rank of Jacobite titles, as well as titles 
"attainted" for their possessors' loyalty to 
the legitimate Constitution and Crown of 
Scotland, Britain, and Ireland under the 
Stuart dynasty, send sucli informatiun to me 
here? Our College of Arms has heraldic 
right in Canada. All the aijovo titles were 
regarded as legitimate by the kings of France 
— 80 proclaimed in Canada until 17G3, wJien 
Canada was ceded to Great Britain. By tlie 
Treaty of Cession tho British Crown agreed 
that rights and priviJegos of individuals of 
whatever sort should continue a.s under the 
former ri^'jiine. By this agreement the above 
titles, as they were recognized Ijy France, 
are legitimate in Canada. 

Also, as heraldic colleges in France ha.e 
no legal recognition there under the French 
Republic, the possessors of P'reneh tille-s 
there, <lating before 1763, have tlie right of 
legal registration in Canada, as all French 
titles of noUeise had recognition in Canada 
before Canada was ceded to Great Britain, 
wliicli right of recognition holds in the treaty 
of 1703 as well. 

Viscount For.syth dk Fronsac, 

Collei^ of Arnta of CAuadit, Ottawa. 

Owen Manninv., the Historian of Sup 
rey. — I am writing a sketch of the life • 
the Rev. Owen Manning (1721-1801), ^c 
of Godalming, and joint author of ^ianlli> 
and Bray's • History of Surrey.' C«a\ ■a.vvl 

NOTES AND QUERIES. no- s. v. fer 3. t^oa} 

j'our readers toll me wliere I can find a list 
of tlio clergy wlio joined in the i>elilioii to 
Parliament, under tiie leadersliip of tlie Rev. 
F. Diaekburne, at tlie *' Feathers" Tavern in 
1771, for obtaining relief from subscription 
to the Thirty-Nine Articles] Manning took 
a prominent part in the movement. 

I should also be glad of references to liia 
literary work and life, beyond what can be 
found in the preface to the ' History of Sur- 
rey'.' the obituary notices in T/it Gcntltmcin'f 
Ma<iazine, Nichols's ' Literary Anecdotes and 
Illustrations,' and Coles's MSS. in the British 
Museum. Percy M.vnnino. 

6. .St. AlcUtes, Oxford. 

WiLUAM Ettv.— This R.A. died in 1849. 
Where can I obtain information as to his 
brothers and their issue] Through his 
mother, ii<!e Calverley, Etty was descended 
from Aritie of Exeter ; hence the query. He 
was ono of ten sons, and had at least one 
niece, ilrs. Bennington (? of York). There 
was some correspondence on the Ettys in 
the First Series, but notliing bearing on my 
point. KfVKiNY. 

(•dlway Collage, Chertsoy. 

Samuel Saltons tall, of Uogerthorpe(Thoresby's 
'Ducatus Leodiennis'), who was probably 
living about 17<wV4;o, had issue by his second 
wife Rieliard, William of Leeds, Thomas, 
Elizabeth, and Anno. Is anything known of 
tiieir descendants ] Rl"VH_:NY. 

Oalway Cottage, Cliertaoy, 

Rkv. Richard Holland.— Can you or any 
of your readers give information regarding 
the parentage and offspring of tlio J'ev. 
Richard Holland, M.A., of both Cambridge 
and Oxford, born about U;.'">6,died 1706 t He is 
believed to have come from Leicestershire, and 
to have been ariiiiilted a sizar of Emmanuel 
College, Cambridge, 13 March, H^70 1 ; was 
chaplain to the Duke of Richriiond, and had 
been at one time curate of St. Magnus' and 
lecturer of All Hallows the Great, London. 
His name apfjears in the ' D.N. B.' (vol. xxvii. 
p. 1. '».'») : and in Foster's 'Aluiuni Oxon.' he 
is described as 

"of Kinmanuel College. Cambridge, incorporfttcd 
M.A. at Oxford l.">Jidy, 1079 ; retlurof St. «ieorRij'a, 
•Stamford, co. Lincoln, 1681 !)1 ; liceiiaed (\\(i.) 
19 June, ItiSti, to marry Eli/^helli Quarlon, nf 
Statiifiini ; rcrtor (if .Sctdtlior|ie, co. Noifitjk. lflS3 ; 
nnd of \'.\si Mersey, co. K«ox, 1703 ; author of live 
BoriuoiiH publjslied I(i9fl-1702." 

Trevenen J. Holland, Col. 
Monnl Ephraiin House, Tunbridge Wells. 

"SuPERMAK."— Will 8uch a clumsy fabrica- 
tion b6 given currency by the dictionaries T 

It already passes through the press without 
even the mild protest indicateiJ by quotation 
mark.s. One is allowed to infer that it is 
intended to mean not a superhuman person, 
but merely a superior person. This is .- 
use of fti}iey in a compound word, and ! 
advantage over its equivalent in the niMiutji 
tongue. A. T. il. 

[Our correspondent seems to Ije um- - ' .» 
"aupemian" is a direct iranslalioii 
Gennan fV/zer/nt/tv.-A, brought iulo prm ly 


Latin Qltotations, c. 1580.— Can any 
5'our readers help me to trace any of'tln 
following quotations ? They occur in a L&li 
comedy c. I5SU. 

1. Nam Paris Ihaca tria Duiitina vidit ia Ida. 

2. Tornientiiiu, quasi tonjuena nientem. 
'.\. iia\ lion tit mt^lior, de.sinit ease boiias. 
•1. la virtutia currioulo non progredi nt pL 

.1. Forma feniinea est momentanea. 

6. Iiiiima i>er inor»8 cognoscimus interiores. 

7. Quod patet expresse non e.<tt prnbare nec<<sac. 

8. Noti )>er <iorniire |>oteri8 ad alto, venire, 
«ed per studcro poteris ad alia sedere. 

fl. Cum 9po8 osleiiuitur, cum res objicittir, 
Heu mens luorlifcro dolore coiiKcitur. 

10. Hotii>ite8 liuniii.nitate magna acciitere, 
majnri tractare, maxima dimiltere. 

11. Quid nureritftnt, vaccaa an vitulos* 

12. Meltabor, Vinilator, Comiualor, Berlico, Baffol 

iSiicon, Sustain) [names of evil Rjiirita] 

13. Deni<|ne Roma viros tarn gancloi, online verto 
ut junxit, jiingat nos procor ipsa, vale. 

14. Sed jnni deticiii nee possum plura profwri, 

15. O furiii', o stridor dentium et in^n« 
Luctua et inferni metuendus carceria horror. 

IG. Melius est non iiicipere (luaiii inceplum 
perfioere cum dignitate, 

17. Mitio tibi navem prora puppique oarant^ 

[sc. "Ave"]. 

18. Monere et moneri j^roprium est veriu amioilii 
1^1. Hiintaiuim est Itumunis casibu.i ingtMUtsecr*. 
■JO. Cicero (jiii regnavil in roatris et foro. 

21. Liber non eat qui servit turpitudini. 

22. in ooutii luxuries habitat et petulantia, 
hi fronte inobilitaji et inconstanlia, &c 

23. iSibi creat malum qui alleri parat. 

24. Sic sunt re4 honiinuni. 
2.*!, Olorior elalus, descendo minorificatiis, 
2fi. Vttteadivintia jacet hio (lost fniasupinus. 
27. f^i ler puUanli neiiir. ' t, abitu. 

25. Honiiiiisiqieg iiuk'li ii liieriv. 
2St Oiiiiies l>tMii|ctioa reil .o. 
JU). Ouod (luiurilur fiirlo, ilurtiba tempore c«irtf>. 
'X\. Nutta rides ejuA, hodie male, craj quoque pcji 
32. Qnantvia ciiticta notes, qu.'u lualnit rnffi 

vix reiiertre ]>otcs ((uam sine lalic noter 
3.3. Sit sine Intide liibor, ail »ine crine caput. 

34. Femina Menulcis projicienda lupis, 
femina Cerbereum pascere digna coiioni. 

35. Ultio diKua dei luniina tollat ei. 
3G. O forluua polenaqUHiii variabilia ! 

O fortuna terox quam iittraotabilift \ 

G. C. MooBE Ssirm.J 
Tbe University, ShellieUl 

10* p. v.fkb 3.1906.1 NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Tyrone: its History.— Can any of your 
readers kindly say wliere 1 coukl obtain 
works or articles dealirift witli the iiistory of 
CO. Tyrone or any part of it ? 


Hekeditarv Usher of the Court op 
ExcrcEQl'KK —In Th: (tendnnt'inn Marinzine I 
find this noliro: "April 27, 1758 Died John 
Walker Heneage, Here<litarj* Usiier of the 
Court of Exchequer. ' Can any one tell me 
•when this office was abolished ? V. U. 

Canova's Works i.s Ekgland.— Can any 
of your readers Kive me pirticulars as to the 
whereabouts of the three undcr-menlionod 
works bv this sculptor, all of which are 
presumably in Eiiglantl ? 

1. Dirce, nurse of Bacchus, as a sleeping 
nymph on a fawnskin, holding a mystical 
cist. Executed fur the KinK of En)j;land. 

2. Magdalen reclining. Kxecutetl for Lord 

3 A female figure in the act of dancing 
and striking a cymbal. Executed for Count 
Manzoni of Furii, and sohJ by his heirs in 
K England. G. A S— N. 

^» Nelson IIei.i<' ix Corsica. — It appears 
X from a lecture given recently at East Dere- 
I ham, in Norfolk, by the Rev. T. T. Xorgate, 
I on liia tour in Corsica, that he discovered 
I "« pair of silver candleslicks on llie high aPar 

I of « village church |')resent«d to the iniiabit&nta hy 
L Lonl Xtiuioii in recoitnilion of, ami as a thank- 
^^B OlFeriog for. the kinnnew Ahowii In luTn whilfit 
^^B •tatiooed ofif the coanl of Corsica, Haloliing llio 
^^T Dutch fleet. The inhabitant were .it ill very i>roi)d 
of this 1(1 ft, of which no mention appears to have 
l>een made durin); the Nelson Centenary." 

Is anything known of this gift and the date ? 
I do not think that it is tnentioned in the 
'Dispatches.' F. IJ. S. 

William Blake a.vd .S. T. Coleridge.— 
I have in my possession an article on * The 
Inventions of William Blake, Painter and 
Poet.' A note in pencil on this shows that 
it has been taken from The London f.'nivet- 
nitu Mii'jiizine of 1829. It is a very remark- 
able article, since it shows a complete appre- 
ciation of the genius of Blake, both as painter 
and poet— a very uncommon thing at that 
period. The author expresses his opinion 
that Coleridge, Blake, and Flaxman had laid 
a foundation for a purer philosophy than 
then existed ; and in a note he says : — 

*' niake and Colcrid/e, wIjpii in cotnianv, Beenied 
like I'onceuial l>eiii|{i uf atioLlii.'r >)|>here, bi'eathinii; 
for a while on our earth ; whii'li ni.-xy rosily bo per- 
ceived from the aimilarity of thought pervading 
their works." 

Does this mean that Blake and Coleridge 

were ever personally acquainted 1 Itseem* 
to bear that interpretation ; but pos.sibly it 
only means that when they were in the com- 
pany of other fwople tliey seemed like beings 
of anotlier .sphere. Is there any record of 
any meeting between the two poets 1 I do 
not tliink there is. .Vmong Coleridge's letters 
Ihere is one, dated 1M18. addressed to his 
friend Mr. Tulk, who had .sent him a copy of 
Blake's poem<», in whicii high admiration is 
expressed for many of the designs and poems 
of the poet artist. Perhaps there may be 
otlier referencea to Blalce in Coleridge's 
writings ; but I am not aware of them. 

B Dobell. 

Rose : Robins : Edmonds : Bossey. — Can 
any reader of ' N. & Q.' give information 
al>out tlie husband or family of Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Rose who was buried at iSeal, 178."*. 
i^he was the mother of Richard Rose (in the 
Permit OHiee), grandmother of Samuel Rose 
(commissioner of excise at Edinhuigli, »fcc.), 
and ancestress of the Rev. Sanderson Robins, 
Mri3. Edmonds, the Rev. George Ruse, Dr. 
Bossey, &.c. The family was a branch of the 
family of Rose of Kilravock. 

(Mrs.) Marshall Rioby. 

White Knowle, Buxton. 

IX.k. AND M.P. : Parliament. — In for- 
mal speaking one says "a Master of Arts," 
"a, Memlwr of Parliament"; but in private 
coinersation the abbreviations are often 
used, and pronounced " an Em. A " or an 
"Em.Po." Wlieii the initials are used in 
print, or in writing, by wliich form of the 
indofinito article ouf^ht they to be preceded 
—by a, calling for munOer, or nn, calling for 
em f 

As I write there are no Members of Parlia- 
ment other than the Lords, wiio tnako no use 
of theae initials. Would it not be a desirable 
reform to suppress the comparatively modern, 
and useless, letter /, and .spell the word 
"Parlamenf'l Edward i>. DoixiaON. 

Hotel Central, Biarritz. 

Golden Roof at Innsbruck.— 1 should Ire 
very grateful to any of your readers for in- 
formation respecting "The Golden Roof" at 
Innsbriick, erected by one Frederick of the 
Empty Pocket. What is the date of it T and 
what gained for Frederick lii.s nickname? 
Was it really cased in gold when first built > 
Any other information would be gladly 
received. (Mrs.) A. Harris. 

Wharfenden, Farnborough, Hants. 

"Shakkespere" : "Shak-staff."— In a file 
of Court Rolls of Warwick College at the 
Public Record Office (Bdle. 207, %&\,^v2m«\ 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo*^ a. v. fuj. 3. ioc«. 

Sliakkesjiore (^crandfather of William) ap- 
pears an a suitor for SnilterfieliJ. and h con- 
Mtantly presenteiJ for Jiiaking default. In one 
instance llie entry appears as " Richard 
Siiakstaff and Robert Ardern owe suit of 
court, and have made default " I >ihould be 

?;lad to know if this sub'ttilutioii of one name 
or the other has been noticed in oilier dncu- 
nienta of tlie perio<l, I may add that a 
facwiraiie of tlie above entry appears in my 
book 'The Manor aad Manorial Itfcords.' 
Nathaniel J. Hone. 
Bedford Turk. W. 

Peu Wokkingtoj?. — In Lowe's ' Biblio- 

fraphical Account of English Theatrical 
.itcrature' an entry occurs of a rare 
{laniphlet of which no example is to be 
ound in the Britinh Museum. It is entitled 
•'Supplement to the Memoirs of Mrs. 
WoffiuKton. lleing the Achievements of a 
rifkle-lierring ; or, tlie Life and Adventures 
of Butter Milk Jack. 17C0, 12mo." I should 
bo glad to hear from any reader who 
possesses a copy of this, or who kno^s of the 
whereaboutH of an example. 

W. J. Lawrence. 

09, Tfouvilla Road, Clapham Park, S.W. 

Heu, Fire Ce.ub, Edinburgh,— Where can 
I obtain any information respecting tliis 
club? Andrew Oliver. 

Arts' Club. 

MirNICn'AL SWOKD-BEARER. — I shall be 
glad if any reader of * N. A Q." can furnish 
m« with information regarding the office of 
municipal sword-bearer, especially as to how 
and where the ottice originated, and by whom 
and at what date it was intrmluced. 

D. B. Grant. 

Free Puljlic Library, Leant iiigtoii. 

"The Two Frifnus," rRistE.s Street, 
London. 1794.— In the '.Memoirs nf the Count 
deCartrio* the author «pe»iks of his arrival 
in England fiom Haenburg in company with 
the Viucount and Viscountess NValsh de 
Serrant, and of tlieir stopping at "The 
Two Friends," IVince-s Street, London. He 
further mentions that " we had to traverse 
tho city from one end to the other to reach 
Princes Street." Can any correspondent tell 
me if iho sign is known, and which Princes 
Street it is likely to have lieen I Princes 
Street wa*i, and still i«, a very common name 
in London. I should be glad to have any in- 
formation regarding '' mine host," Are there 
any views known to exist of the Princes 
Street in question ] John La>'B. 

The Bodley Head, Vigo tjlreet, W. 

(10"' S. V. 46.) 

Sir John Franci.h Davis does not use Uie 
word "pidgin" in his work on 'China* 
(new edition, revised and enlarged, 2 vols , 
John Murray, 1857), but he has the following 
sentence in vol. ii. p. 110 : — 

"The Btructure of Chinese phroMt t« often di«- 
coverahle in (he broken Kii;<li6h of CuitAD, whicli 
is a Chines hHqiii in Emjhfh I'-ovli," 

Further on (p. 140) he says : — 

"The Chinese wnre surprised to fiml whit, in 
the jargon of Canton, is called a ■ d 

on the shores of tlie celestial ti- , it 

very shape, loo, winch most nearij ie><.'iiiiMj-- mcir 
own performances, a mixture of song an«l recit*- 

This refers to a party of Italian opern- 
singery who erected a temporary theatre at 
Macao, and there " perrornje<l most of 
Ros-sini's operas with success.' Again, ou 
p. 384 we read : — 

" Another functionary remains to be mentione<i 
under the name of liu'jnhf. who seemed to be M 
called rather on account of the abaeuce, than the 
presence, nf tlioRe ncconiplishmeota which are 
usually implied by the term; for these (i«r*on« 
cnuld not write English at all, and Rpoke it icarcely 

iiUelli);iblv Tlie liuniiieR8 of t)ie linguiat is to 

vrocure permits for deliverinK or shipping caiRO, to 
tranHaL-t all afr<iirH with tho ciiHiom - liouse, and 
to keep aocouuta of the duties and p<irt'Ch*rgea." 

Canton wa-s therefore the place where this 
strange lingo came into being, wlu».}i after- 
wards received the name of "pidgin Eag- 
lish." The earliest mention of it with widen 
1 am acquainted is to be found in the late 
Dean Farrar's 'Chapters on Language,' 
Longmans, IBfiS, where on p. 12C iu a fool- 
note I read : — 

" And here ia a apeoimen of the Chinemo * pif(«<Mi' 
(if., ' Inisiness') English: ' .\Iy ohinchin yoo^ thit 
one velly good ihu (^friend) heloii;; ini ; mi iraot- 
chin you do plo|tel pigeon (^^projier bu&ineas), atoof 
li)<, all sanio fashion along mi,' kc. (' Prehistoric 
.M.01,' ii. 428)." 

^ Prehi!*lorio Man,' the author of which «*« 
l>f. Daidel Wilson, was pubUsliP*!. as tho 
Dean tells us in his list of ' Book- ' d,' 

in I8C4— a fact which completely iih 

Dr Mciiray's recollection, and provei tli« 
excellence of his memor}'. 

I <Io not gather from Ids query that he is 
acquainted with the late Charles G. LeiamPs 
' Pidgin-English Sing t^ong ; or. Songs and 
Stories in tlie China - English Dialect' 

(Trubtier A Co., 187(1), This mo ' • irig 

and, withal, instructive Ixiok is ;ti 

all, inferior to the better - kn^-, .. ...\uii 

\ iO'»8.v.FK,,.3.t9oe.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


Breilmann's liatty, and otlier Ballads,' by 
llie same author (John Caindon Hotteii, 
1869). Leland sa.yi in liis introduction, 

** I'idvin, it may be obaerveil, is now the generally 
accepted apelliiiK of iLe word in the Ar)glo (Jhinese 

With one more quotation I end : — 

"The word pidgin, if derived, as is generally 
■ ui>|ic>«ed, from the Kiif^lish word hiiiiii€s.->, iiidioaites 
the dilfieully with which Chinese master our pro- 
nunciation. It is niso characteristic of the jargon, 
from the incre<]ible variety of meanings which it 
assumes. As llie t«rm trallah in Uincfu, and that 
ol tm/ro in Kommany, are applicuble to any kind ol 
active agent, so puhjin is with great ingenuity made 
expre«sive of every variety of calling, occupation, 
or alTiiir. Aa hnjrinf^n or commerce is the great 
bond of union between th« Chinese and foreign 
r«aidents, it ia nut remarkable that this should be 
the chief and ever-recurring word, and give its 
name to the language fonned in its service."— 
P. 3. 

" Pidgin EnRJish " has not much literature, 
bubLcIaud is Uh poet- laureate. 

JoHK T. Corey. 

"Brown Bess" as applibd to a Musket 
(10"' S. V. 21).— This note in interesting, but 
it is an error to suppose that the word /ytis 
siRnifiea the barrel, for it expresses the gun 
itself. JSiit is the early Low Countries' equi- 
valent for a gun, quite irrespective of .size, 
as Biic/ise tuean.s the same thing in mediiuval 

A very early mention of the word bus, buss. 
or (lUMrn occurs in a Low Countries' record 
of anno 1313, concerning which 1 give a copj' 
of a ijasnago in a treatise of my own, * Early 
Ordnance in Europe,' publisiied in Airhieo- 
logia .Klinna, 1903; — 

"It i.s rei>orted that the city of Ghent wa« in 
posMuion ot ordnnncc a»no l.'{13, a date somewhat 
anterior to the legendary discovery of gunpowder 
by Schwarz : and that the magistrates of tlie town 
gave to their n\- • ^ going to England hiutitat 

iiut l:rui/l* or ' n ;t but this statement, 

made iii a woi k |m.< n-invd in \M^,X has not been 
nutheiilicatnd, and the city archives have been 
searched since with a view to finding the paRsage, 
but without suoeess. It is iucredilde, however, 
that a at&tenieui so precise as this, made by a. 
writer of repute, could be a puro iaventiou, and 
really there ia no reason for doubting his good 

During the second quarter of the four- 
teenth century this word //IIS, as applied to 
a gun, frequently appears in Low Country 
recorda. 11. Coltman Clepuan. 

• Kruyt, gunpowder. 

t Our designattriu 'blunderbuss" conies pro- 
bably from this word. 
X Reynard, 'Trvior National,' t. ii. p. &5 (Liu^e, 

Surely " Britis^h troops" (p. 22) to be his- 
torical, bbould be "English troops." This 
mistake is being constaully made oy writers 
in the press. IIalpu Thomas. 

"PHOTOGRArflY" (lO"- S. IV. 307,433,450, 
490 ; V. 37).— With reference to the process 
named " plioto-zincograpliy," I tliink the 
extract given below establisbe-s the date of 
the discovery, and, aa it ia rather earlier than 
that given at the last reference by Mr. 
Jac.oaud, it may be worth insertion in your 
valuable paper. 

Tiio extract is from the introiiuction to 
'Domesday Book, Facsimile of the Part relat- 
ing to Chesliire,' Ordnance Survey Office, 
Southampton. 1861, written by Col. Sir H. 
James, HE. F.ll S., and is as follows :— 

•" In 18."t9 we itnprnved the chromocarbon proceaa 
to our requirements in such a wav that the photo- 
graphs could be at once transferreil to the wax sur- 
face of tt copperplate to guide the engraver, or to 
plates of zinc or stone for printing us by I he ordinary 
methods; and as we generally use zinc plates, I 
named this art photo zinoograpliy. To Cajil. A. da 
0. Scott. Ii. K., who has clinrge of this brancli of the 
work, we are chiefly iiidiilited for ihis success. In 
an interview with llie Right Hon. W. E. Gladstone, 
Chancellor of the Exchequer, ho asked my opinion 
as to the applicability of this art to the copying of 
Home of our ancient M^. records, and 1 ut once ex- 
pressed nky belief that we could produue facsimiles 
of lliem at a very trilling cost. But with iho view 
of testing this, I had a small deed of the lime of 
Edward V. copied and printed by thin proiiCM, and 
with the sanction of the HiKbl Hon. Lord Herbert 
of Lea. Secretary of Stale for War, topiea of it 
were bound up with my Ariiiiial Report of the pro- 
gress of the (Jrdnance Survey Vi the ;U»t December. 
18o9, which has been presented to both Houses of 

A. H. Akkle. 

Stevekson and Scott : " Hebimmadaky " 
(]0«'' S. V. 44).— The word " hebdotiiadary " 
seems also to have had a fascination for 
Charles Lamb. Writing to Cary (13 April, 
1831), he says:— 

" 1 an) daihjlor this week ex riecting Wordsworth, 
who will not name a day. I have been expecting 
him by months and by weeks; lint he has roduoed 
the hope within seven fractions hebdomadal uf this 

S. B otter WORTH. 

TwiZZLE-TWir.s (10"' S. iv. 507; V. 53).— 
Twiiik is here the M.E. twUel, double. Mr. 
T. W. Hall mentions Wigtwizzle, near 
ShelHeld, and tells us that in I2W it was 
spelt Wygestwysell. Tiiis place-name, hitherto 
known oidy in later forms, has been explained 
by reference to A.S. ice'i (ii-i»luw), branching 
of roa<ls, or to a hypothetical we<j (toitla, of 
the same meaning. Itut if the first « in 
Wygestwysell is not a mere clerical error. 



NOTES AND QUERIES. [lu'- s. v. Fmi. s. 1906. / 

thU (ierivatioit it impoaaible, and ttie first 
elomont of t}ie word is the rare A, S. man's 
name /I'/;/. WiKtwizzlo, therefore, ia tlie 
" twi/.zle"— whatever that may be— of a man 
call«iil Wij;. We may compare Ouwaldtwistle, 
in I.nncaihiro (which coutaiiia the man's 
iiama Odweald). and Entwi<)tle, Kxtwistle, 
Btrtwistio, and Tiiitwistle, which al<<u appear 
to contain mon's names. The A.-S. tn-Uln 
U tlio fork t>f a river; the cognate O.H G. 
zwitsila is simply a fork. What the "fork" 
in these place-names was is uncertain, but it 
may refer lo a fork sliaped piece of land, tike 
tlie !fiiref, j'ikes, and nonki 30 often occurring 
in fiold names. Wo may also compare the 
A. -8. hfiilh, a corner or nook, of wnich the 
plaoo-namn Haltim, now Mallam, is the 
dative plural. This word is often com- 
poundeil with personal names, as Scottts 
healU, Scott's nook. The nominative plural 
is aUo found in Alias, near Bradfield 
»nd WiKtwi/./Ie, representing A.-S. hnlax^ 
nooks. It occurs again in The Hallowes, 
uoar Druttfield. The dative singular appears 
in I'lct•los^dl^ formmly Eccleahale, near Shef- 
field • and in Pitwineshaie, mentioned in 1181, 
the hrst element of which is tiie man's name 
Pitwino. The oilier elenient, fuile, a nook, is 
found in the opening lines of 'The Owl and 

loh woa in one snniere dale. 
In one sutiio diiele Lale. 
It is possiblo that ttrisli and healh 
dillor^nt names for the same thing. 

S. O. Apdy. 
TwUtlt iaa fairly common termination for 
place - namra in Lancashire ; <?'?.. Oawald- 
twi^tle. Ktiiwistle, Extwistle. * Boitwislle, 
Tintwtstle. Cf. Ualtwistlo in Xorthumber- 
Und; alsoTwistleton. nowTwiston ^'all thefie 
«M V^"«'s.). See Whiuker's * Historv of 
Whalley." vol. ii. p. •2i\ where this word is 
discussed. li. Tr.^ppkb Lomax, 


"JamKS" I'mversitY (10"' S. V. 47).— 
Possibly the reference Mr. HnroN is io 
•earcii of is to "King James his Academe or 
ColWeof Honour," consisting of " ruteUries " 
(i/5nl Chanoellor, Knights of the Garter, A'c.X 
"Auxiliariw" (of the House of Lonla ami 
members of Govprn-f-* •■■'••i^ ... ^ •> 
(the loost famous \a\ 

TheH««th of Jame-i 1 ... ,1 _ . ,.,,.,,,., ^. w...- 
cvkniplt-tion of this vhemr, tlie initiation of 
which was due lo Edmund Bolton. U. R 


o-k S. 

**SjJUIBrtK"t ITS r->-> 

h% »>4. 332. aia ; r. .^^^^ 

of this word by Sou;.. ..;wv.,i., ., «.v>if«ctly 

given at the penultimate referenf- '■■• ^*-. 
SciiLOKssER as "shambuck." Its: \ 

is from Hottentot sumla, a bufialu. ..,■„ ^-le 
skin of which animal the whip is suppot^ed 
to bo made : more often it is cut from that of 
the rhinoceros or hippopotamus. See Keane's 
' Boer States ' (under 'Terminology '). a little 
book from which much valuable ii; n 

not found in recent African woi k .._• 

gleaned. N. W. iJij^L. 

722, Spence Street, PhiUdvIpbia. 

Authors of QDOTATroN>* Wanted (10"' S. 

iv. 529). — I am able, after much resemrcii, to 

answer my own query. The liiiea, 
Still lik« the hindmost chkriut wheel w ('iineil, 
Evor to be near, but never to be lirst, 

are probably misquoted from 
Why like the bindmoat chariot wlieels are car«t. 
Still lo be iieur, but neVr to reach th« tint, 

in Dryden's translation of the fifth satire of 
Torsius. See Dryden's ' Works,' 1821, vol. xiii. 
p. 255 ; and Persiuo, 'Satires,' v. 7S, where 
one reads 

Cum rota posterior carros et in axe secundo, &c. 
Mr. T. G. Bowles appears to have quoted the 
linoa in a recent speech at Lynn. 

A. B. aj. 

The lines. 

Whose part in all the pomp that filla 
The circuit of the summer iiills 
Is that their grave is green, 

are from 'June,' by William Culleu Bryant ; 
but " their " in the last line should be Ai>. 

G. F. CoRuss. 

SHtFKiKLD Plate (10"» S. v. 27).— WonUI 
not the followitig l>e found of use? 

'Old Engli,Mh Plate.' by W. J. Cripps, 19C«S, 
pp. H."=< and 152. 

' Plate and Plate Buyers,' Quarterly .Rfvirm, 
April, 1876. 

' Illustrated Han<ibo(ik of luforinatton on 
Old Pewter and Sheffield Plate,' by Wm. 

'Plate aiid its Hall Marka.' by Mary H. 
OHl^nnor, in Mwu<y't Moffiutne, March. 

'A List of Books. Jcc. illiairat 
Work.' 1S83. by R. H. Soden Smith 
Lib. BB E. a2?). 

For N>w,.^)t.*ile p]at« see a report of tlie 
'^c*4tle (ilate which appearwl 
. Chmmri^, n«nr<idaoed rcT- 
batiui to r/i^ .ln(i7>»i 

There was also «« <• • etiUtJed 

'OJdSbeffiddP;. ..; \ 

of aoaietinaea^\ u:^^ 

it was Brnerrod, n 1 - 
On the Dorth Md< 
IVwd, a HtiJe eajit v. c^. .^.^.^^ <:^.,v-.. , l 


S. V.Feb. 3. 1906.) NOTES AND QUERIES. 


hive oWrved the legend outside a liouse 
with a garden front. "The last of tlie 
JSbetHeld riate- braziers." 

i, Hlgiri Court, W. 

The literature of Sheffield plate is meagre 
ill the extreme, but an admirable pamphlet 
on the subject by Francis Pairpoint is pub 
iiahed by Pairpoint brothers at 80a, Dean 
Street, tioUo, Euw.aed Herox-Allen. 

•Reliqui.* WoTTONiAN'.t' (lei's. V. 27).— 
Capt. John Smith of Virginia, in his 'True 
Travels,' de3ciib<5H a ** strange invention " 
(uf hi.s own) of torchligltt signals bj' means 
of which " Kisell, the General of the [Aus- 
trian] Arch<luke'« Artillery," was able to 
inform "Lord Ebersbauglil, the Oovernour 
[of the besieKed strong town uf Olumpayh, 
in Hungary], his worthy friend,'' that he was 
about to attack tlie Turlks at a Rpecified hour, 
and to ask him to co operate with the army 
of relief. This event is supposed to liave 
taken place in 1601 or 1602. The "invention 
of discoursing at a great distance bv lights" 
is also ascribed to Admiral I'enn or James 11, 
when Duke of York. (Cf. 7'^ S. ix. 41 ) 

L. L. K. 

The Rev. Herbert Haines's 'Manual of 
Monumental Brasses ' (IRIG). part ii. ie.3, has 
the following under BrightwelU Baldwir, 
Oxon :— 

"J'»l»n Curlpfon (15»7) came from Walton on 
Th»mej (c. \m\] k \V. Joyce. & 8 c-liil , Anlli. 
Ueo. \V m. John (clec. «t BologDa, ".p.), EJw. Anno 

im. Kowlanrt Litton). Kath. (ni. Francis BluiU, 
J«<ir., Iiro. to Ijord Mouiitjoy), Jane (m. Erasmua 
Gaynesfor*!, E-»\t.). North Chantry." 

A. R. Bayley- 

Mblchiob Gcydickens (10"' S. iv. 469, r.37 ; 
V. 37).— On reference to the .^rmy List of 
1758 I find Oustavus Guydickens as a cornet 
io the Cth (or Inniskillin^) Dragfwns, the 
date of his appointment being S'j November, 
1754. In the Army List of 1777 he figures 
as a captain and lieutenant-colonel in the 
3rd Regiment of Foot Guards, 22 February, 
1775. In the Army List of 1791 he appeals 
as "First Major" in the 3rd Foot Guards. 
18 April, 17SfJ, and as an army colonel 
1(1 May, I7«l, and major-general 28 April, 
1790 (pp, 5. 74). W. S. 

A Rev, Fred. \Vm. Guydickensdied 14 Oct., 
1779 ((,'ent. M'i'j., 1779, p. 97). As the sur- 
is unoomn)on, your correspondent may 
saibly find that he was related to Melchior. 

Cnxf*. A. Bkunai 
•'Piomtle": "Piklk" (10«> 8. v. 2G)— I 
am unaware if ouy pxiating place-names 

have been given as illustrating the above 
word ; but I think that Pillleworth may be 
adduced. This is a large farm and farmstead 
in South Hants. Owing to the distance of 
the liouse from the high road, it has.'.for & 
fatmliousc, an unusually large lawn. 

H. P. L. 

Thi.s word occurs as pi(itd in the * Domes- 
day of St. Paul's '(Camden Soc), p, 78. The 
date is 1222. We there read of a half-acre of 
laud called " Goderici pigtel." 

S. O. Addy. 

BvRo.v AND Greek Orammah (10"' S. iii. 
188). — There seems to l>e no evidence whatever 
that Byron wrote a Greek grammar, but the 
question may have arisen through confu.sion 
with Byron's studies in another language, 
the Armenian. The following quotations are 
from vol. iv. of Mr. R. Iv Prothero's edition 
of Byron's letters. Writing from Venice to 
Thomas Moore, 5 Dec, 1816, Byron says: 
"By way of divertiaement, 1 am studying 
daily, at an Armenian monastery, the Arme- 
nian language." «fec. (p. 9). There are similar 
statements in letters to John Murray, 4 Dec, 
(p. 18), and the Hon. Augusta Leigh, 19 Dec. 
(p. 2't). On 27 Dec. he writes to ilurray : — 

"I an) K^ing on with my .A.rriieuiaii ntuilies in a 
morning, and assisting and Btimidatin^ in the Eng- 
lish portion of an Kuglish mid Arnioman grainnmr, 
now publiahiriK at tlie convent of St. Lazarus.' — 
P. »i. 

To John Murray, 2 Jan., 1817, he send» 
some sheets of the grammar, "of winch I 
]iromoted, and indeed induced the publica- 
tion " (p. 42). He asks if Arraeniaei types are 
obtainable in England, and requests Murray 
to take 40 or 50 copies. The publisher 
actually took 50 (p. 41n). The publication of 
the work is referred to in two subsequent 
letters to Murray : — 

.3 Murcli, 1SI7. — "The Armenian Grammar is 
tiiibhshod ; hut my Armenian iitiidieBare Runpended 
for the itresent, till my head aches a little Je«B.'' — 
r. (x.. 

"ii March, 1817. — "The Armenian fJrammar i» 
rudilisliyd— that i» ont : the oth«?r i» still in MS« 
Nly illnc-Hs lias prevented mo frmii moviTig this 
month iiost, and i jtave done nothing more with 
the Armenian." 

Mr. Protliero's editorial note on the trans- 
action may be quoted hero :— 

" liyron, unable to ofler Father Aucli«r money 
for hifi le»<ions. helited him. by way of jtRymenl. to- 
litdiliah Ilia Mirammar, Ent^liMi and .Armenian' 
(ISIT). intended to teach Armenian.s (he Kinflislv 
toiiKue. In ISH) Father Aiicher jniblisJit'd his 
'(iranimar, Armenian and Knglish," 'in order,' a« 
he «avs ill hix jirefacc, ' to facilitate (h« progreai of 
the KngHoh learner.' In I his laiil woili Au>.'li4r 
iiriitta Byron's trauBlation of the Coriiithiau 
K|>istle«, with the Armenian text."— P.O. 



[lO"- B. V. FtB. 3. 1906. 

In an appendix to llie same volume 
<pp. 429-36) Mr. Protiiero prints the trans- 
lations which Hyron ma<Je from the Armenian 
witli Auclier's help, Jan. -Feb., 1817, viz.: 
1. The EpiillM of iheCorinthiatis to St. Paul ; 
S. Epistlo of Paul to the Corinthians; 3. 'The 
Plea-sure Houses of the Summer of Byzan- 

At pp. 44-5 will be found a fragment 
apparently int^riHed as preface to the 
Armenian Krafunuir, The remaining refer- 
ences to tlio saliject in the letters show that 
a iiecuniary dispute arose between the 
collaboratorn, while Byron's estimate of his 
own bhare in the worlc >:rew more generous 
with tlie lapse of time. On 28 March, 182G, 
Byron wishes to know from Murray what 
(became of the two Epistle.s from St. Paul 
tran.slated from the Armenian (p. 42o). From 
the 'Detached Tiioughts' (1821) is quoted 
(p. lOn.), "The padre Pasquale Aucher (for 
whom, by the way, Icompile<l the major part 
of two Armenian and English grammars)." 
By 27 Feb , 182.3, in a letter from Genoa to 
Richard Belgravo Hoppner, Aucher has 
l)ecome "the rogue of an Armenian " ; and 
'• we tiike what we can get" is the only 
solution of the di.spute. 

L. R. M. Stbachax. 

HeideJberff, Germany. 

Cecil Family (10'" S. v. C),— Tlie grafting 
of tlie Cecils of Stamford on the obscure 
Welsh stock may liave been a suggestion of 
Sir David Piiilinp himself, or owing to the 
way he spelt in iiis will. date<i 150f!, the .sur 
nam© of his executor Dtivil Cecill. But that 
ti.e family ever wrote their name otherwise 
than "Cecil ' or "Cecill" has yet to be 
proved, and it is not likely, because two 
vears later wo find David's father styling 
himself Philip "Cecil ' in his will. There is 
apparently no evidence earlier than this 
forLhcomiuR at present without considerable 
research. It is known that David Cecill, 
"Lord Burghley's grandfather," married 
twjce (6"' S. vii. 385). He appears, however, 
to have had another wife, if the statement 
in ColL I'np ft fien , vii, 67, may Ije trusted 
that he married Katharine, widow of Nicholas 
Dene,of Mnrrowby co. Lincoln, and daughter 
of Wiilter Peilwardine, Esq , but by hor had 
"no ciiililreii." That is most likely, because 
she must have l>een old enough *to be her 
second husband's grandmother. Hor father 
died in U2U, ati.l was related to several 
Hiding families. Unless there is some mis- 
take, this match might more reasonably be 
assiKne<i U) an earlier David, perhaps brother 
or father of Philip Cecil. 

Whoever concocted the "cintroversie ' 

about the arras ((S Edw. III.) printed by 
Bossewell in his ' Workes of Armorie ' (80, b.) 
made ''Monsieur Jaen de Sitsilt,'' the 
plaintiff, son of "George de Kuerwike," 
probaljly bearing in mind George Ctwiill, 
gent., of Howden, in Yorksbiro, who died in 
1539— the only person of ll»e name down to 
that date who had left an estate suHicient t« 
require an Inq. p.m. to be taken, although 
two years before one had been held on the 
death of David Cecill's second wife a!i to her 
lands in Howdenshire. A. S. ExLU. 


The name Sisillt^ Sisalt, SysseJI, and 
Cyssyll, though one and the same, seems to 
have been use<l and - ' littercnUy in 

Wales in olden times, ;* by the pro- 

ceedings in the Star (/itniniii'i lu l r»X3 rpapect- 
ing the feud between the Morgans of Newport 
and the Herberts of St. Julian''*, in Mon- 
mouthshire, when one John Sisillt, butcher, 
servant unto Walter Herbert, is accused of 
having cruelly murderefl one Roger David 
Tewe, and also one Roger Davis ; and 
throughout the proceedings the accused's 
surname is variously spelt as described above. 
(See 'Historical and GenealoKical Memoirs 
of the Morgan Family," compiled and edited 
by G. Blacker Morgan. London, privately 
printed, 1891). Citoss UitossLcr. 

Nemon Pasokamas flop's, iv. 3G5).— In 
1623 there were exhibited in the "Great 
lloora. Spring Gardens." Messrs. Marshall'* 
"Grand Historical Peristrephic i'anuriunai 
of the Battle of Trafalgar and the Ceremony 
of Crossing the Line." There w<^re four 
viowsof the battle, one of thecoa>»tof Franor, 
and another of 'The Luilicrous Ceremony ol 
Crosaing the Line as performetl by the 
French.^ Tlie ' Description ' has, in a<lilitioD 
to the usual explanation* of the pictorei. 
four pages of 'Memoirs of the late Lord 
Viscount Nelson.' Alsck Abrauaxs. 

39, HillmartoD Ko««l. 

Campbelu IX THE Straxd (10"' S. iv. 209; 
V. 51).— A full account and pedigree of John 
Campbell (of Shawfield), partner iu the bank 
in the Strand, will be found in I,ady 
Russell's 'Three Generations of F«8clu»tU)g 
Women,' recently published. 

H. S. V. W. 

New Ll'ck (10"' S. v. 4:»). — A 
curious custom which prevails iu Bristol ami 
some parts of the west of Err-''"-' •- t' -; on 
the stroke of twelve a li i *n 

should enter the houso, an., , , ,, to 

each room, wish the inmates a happy ue« 
year. Only a light-dairc-I man must do 

iO">8.v.rKn.3.iB06.i NOTES AND QUERIES. 


lis, otherwise the luck will be spoilt. A 

sraon of sonae education informed me tliat 

attributed a number of mi<jfortune<t which 

}foll liim last year to tlie omission of thin 

'-custom ! Frederick T. Hibuame. 

[For " first foot" on New Yenrs Day see 9"' S. 

i. 87, 249. 351 ; xii.505.] 


<10'" S. iv. 4fi8}.— IJy one of those happy and 
unexpoctefJ accidents witich tlio oook- 
collector sometimes meets with, 1 have been 
able to purchase the concluding volume of 
this iaterestinf; publication, and so can 
answer ray own inquiry. The title page of 
the second volume also bears the date of 
1854, but it is much thinner than the first, 
corapri^iing only ^04 pages as against 
41?- pag(3M. Apparently tim venture <iid not 
meet with suHicient support to warrant its 
•continuance, and so it was somewhat 
abruptly terminated. Tlie articles are an 
well written and a-s generously illustrated 
as in tlie earlier volume, the two forming a 
most iuteresting and useful work. 

W. Roberts. 
47, L&Dsdowne Gardens, Clapliam, S.W. 

CoLETON Peace and War (10"' S. v. 28, 57). 
— .Mk. Pk kpokd's quotation from (Jicero is 
from the 'Epistolie ad Familiares,' Book VI. 
vi. 5. C. Turner Uoom. 

See Cicero. ' Ad. Att.' Lib. VI. ep. viii. 
Jonx B. Wainewui'Mit. 

London Paho<rial IIistory (lO"" S. iv. 
2fi8 ; V. ."iS).— I am e.xceedinKly grateful to 
Mk. Holden Ma<Micuael ifor his reply (o 
my expressed thirst for out-of-the-way infor- 
mation on the City parishes of SS. .A.nne 
and Agnes and S. John Zichary. I feel «ure 
that other correspondents could, "an thoy 
would," furnish something further. I should 
be especially glad of references from JtSS. 
in private hands (as old diaries, Sic), 
national records unindexe<l as to places (as 
Crown Plea Uolls, &c.). or unprinted and 
uncalendared wills (particularly those i!> 
Ijrovincial registries). The parishejj are both 
small, and anything which I am not likely 
to light upon in the ordinary way of research 
— whether relating to the churches, rectors, 
clerks, or parishioners, ic— will be welcome, 
more especially if of earlier date than (say) 
1700. no matter how trivial it may at first 
aight appear. 

I may observe that I have perused the 
«ftrlier references at 7"' S. x.GH and 174 ; and 
I hoj>e that Mu. M\rMn:iiAEr.s reply may bo 
the first of manir. Any one who has any- 
thing to communicate too lengthy for these 

columns will perhaps be kind enough to send 
to me direct. \V. JIciluRUAY. 

6, Ulovelly Rjad, S. Ruling. \V. 

HairPowderino Closets (lO"" S. iv. 349, 
417, 453 ; V. Til). — Not many years ago there 
was one of these in a fine old mansion known 
as Micklogate House, York, which is now the 
warehouse of a firm of wholesale «]ruggists. I 
fear the relic has been deslroye<i. The build- 
ing dates from Oenrge II.'s time ; it was the 
town residence of Mr. Bourchior, of Bening- 
brough, who died in 175^. St. Swithin. 

At Llangedwyn Hall, near Oswestry, tiie 
principal bedrooms have an antechamber, on 
the landing or staircase side, modernly known 
as a dressing-rooio, atid the late dowager 
Lady Watkin-Williams Wynne, upon hor 
attention being drawn to this apparently in- 
convenient arrangement, informed rae that 
they were "liair-powdoring chambers." By 
this means the privacy of the bedroom could 
be raaintaine<l, and the dressers complete 
their work. Massinger says : — 
Tlie reverend liood cMt oJT, ytmr Iwrroweil hair, 
Powdered and curled, was, by yoiif dre«ser'« art. 
Formed like a coronet, hanged with diiunonda 
And richest orient jHjarU. 

The particular closet I have in mind is tlvQ 
one adjoining Liie bedroom used by the Young 
Pretender, Prince Charles Edward Stuart, 
during the 1745 rebellion, which is still pre- 
served in its original slate. From this noigh- 
bourhood tlio Prince marched on to, and 
encamped at, Derby, and was lo<]ge<l at a 
house at the bottom of Full Street. Is tins 
the one named by Mr. H all Croi'cii !_ Our 
dressing-room ouglit probably to read " dres- 
.sers' room " Qeo. \V. Haswell. 

"Famous" Chelsea (10"' S. iv. 3G<1, 434, 
470. 517; v. 33).— Fiiulkner, in his second 
edition of tlie 'History of Chelsea,' does not 
name the charter of Edward the Confessor 
alluded to by Lysons in which Chelsea is spelt 
"Cealchyllo" ; but it thus occurs, as I have 
ascertained, in Cart. Cott. vii. 6 ; aiid the 
document is again indorsed witfi ''^^*'* 
cliylle." How is this spelling accounted tor J 
The lands certainly appertained to " the 
brothers" of Westminster; but is it oertam 
that "Cealchylle" meant Chelsea 1 Ihis 
charter is quoted also in Dart's ' History of 
Westminster Abbey.' and was printed in 
Hickos's 'Thesaurus,' in 1705, with a l^tin 
translation. In 1157 Pope Adrian IV. con- 
firmed by bull the concessions of Edward the 
Confessor to the church of W^estminster, and 
ratifiwJ the possession of the estates. Among 
these he ouumerales "Villa de CheU^xO^*" 



(Seo Cott. WS. Faustina A. 3, fol. 163, a 
documeut oii(;iually of Edward I.'s reign, but 
viitU additions of a later date ) Later the 
name ia «pelt "Clielchehelh '' (Dart, vol. i. 
p. 23); "Chelsehutli," * Nomina Villarum,' 
dated 1316, Harl. MS. fi281 ; and "Clielth- 
hutl>" (Harl. MS. 2liM) ; but in Cait. Uott., 
vii. 6 it 18 in both cases unmistakably 
•' Cealcliyllo." J. Hoi.tjen MacMh uael. 

Open-air Pulpits (10"' S. iv. -130 : v. 55). 
— May I point out tliattiip "Header's I'ulpit" 
at Chester is not entered from the cloisters 
behind, as mentioned by Mr. Hems? 

*Geo. W. Haswell. 



(10^" S. iv. 9, 132, 238, 496 ; v. t>i).-77ie Con- 
noisscftv for January, p, 57, gives a photogra- 
vure of an oil painting by John Itusseli, 
dated 1767, representing the Uev. Jolui 
Chandler when a Iwy in cricketing costume. 
He holds a strangely shaped bat in his riglit 
hand, a liall iu his left. The tradition in the 
family is that the costume he wears was that 
of Eton. The Chandlers were a Surrey family, 
and cniiiiected with Guildford, where Jolin 
Russell was born. A. II. Baylev. 

TnOMAS POUNDE, S.J. (10"' S. iv. 184, 268. 
472 ; V. 14).— Anne Wriotheslcy, aunt of our 
Thomas Pounde, and sister of the Earl of 
Soutlianipton, was married first to Thomas 
Knight, of Hoo Manor, Soberton, Hants, 
who died in the year 1048. His will {P.C.C. 
4 Populwell) is (fated 1 January, l."i47,8, and 
was proved on the 27th of tbe following 
month. He mentions therein his son John 
and his daughter Anne (the latter was bajt- 
ti7.e<i «t Soberton on 17 April, 1547). He left 
his nuinor of Timsbury, Hants, for the brinp- 
itig u|j of his children ; to bis brother Hugh 
Knight, "Scoller in tlie New Colledge at 
Wynchester," he bequeathed the "Prebend 
of VVartlicombe [? Gwarlhacwm] in Cathe- 
dral of Landaplie"; and to his wife Anne he 
left his manor of Hoo, He appointed his 
wife sole executrix, and Tiiomas, Earl of 
Southampton, .sole overseer. 

The parisli register at Soberton records the 
marriage, on 28 April, ir)49. of "Syr Oliver 
Lawrence, Knight, and Mistress Ann 
Knyght. widow, dwelling at the Manor 
1 lace. Sir (Jlivor was of Creech Grange, in 
the Isle of Purbeck. Harl. MS. 897, f. 126. 
states that 

••Sir Oliver Lnrftiioo. knight, dyed I he fyrat of 
January. J.>,,i>, a„d was burycd at Feriilmm : und 
alter the seiotuony clone, hia hnchenient^s wcrn 
removed I., the chiireli of «t, Mytbell in Stci-k 
— "hin Ih yieof I'urbak.' 

His will (P.C.C. 30 Welles), dat^d 2m March, 
1557 8, was proved 1!< January. 15r>M y. He 
refers therein to Elizabeth Morun, ))is 6rst 
wife's daughter, and to John Nicholson. Iiu 
first wife's son : also to bio slater Elizabeth 
Huntley, and liis brother in-law Edwaid 
Huntley; his sister Dorotliy ; his daughlor» 
Julian Wryotfiesley and Jane Lawrence ; 
his son Augnstyne ; and he ap|x>ints his wife 
Anne, and his son and heir Edward Ijawreuc©^ 
executors of his will. 

Lady Lawrence ttpjiears to iiave resided 
at Snljerton after the death of Sir (.'iiver ; 
Iter name appears in the register there in 
l.')7.'> ("July 21, John Nycolson, l)rolbpv 
to Mr. Edward Lawrence, of Purbeck, by 
the mother syde. He was servant to my 
Lady An Lawrence, and was buried in the 
church "\ and, as gotlinother. in 15^0 and 
1002. There is in the Soberton register no 
record of her burial, but she is ftaid to have 
been living so late as 1608, when she would 
have reached the age of one hundred ycarp. 
The following genealogical notes from her 
will, which I obtained from a lady copyist 
many years ago, unfortunately do not give 
-the tlato of probate, nor state whore the will 
is deposited : — 

" Will <if Ijftdy Anne l^wrenee, of Siibberlon, 
widow, dated 17 July. KiOJ. To be buried in cliurcb 
of Sulilwrton ; niece Lftdy Catlieriiie Con>vr»lU«: 
niece Lhdy Ma()ell tHinaa : nc^>hew 8ir Waitar 
tSaiids. Knt.: William t>And«, h^|., netihew «n<l 
gudiion : hir George i'crkliani, Ktit., cosen ; Mr. 
AuKUstyn Liwrence. Kotinr-in-iBW ; Mr. Georxo 
LHwrenuc (sou of Kdward Liwrcnce, de<^ea■od); 
Kdward Lawrence tlie younpfr. l>r"tltfr of 'icorje; 
my eonue LaAvrence his v* ; ' -,.»» 

I'ounde; i»e)ihew Henrie 1 'm 

I'ounde and Anno Poiiniii.. --. . .. i ■" 

cogens William Pounde and licnrie Wuii'i.. 
of Uiohard Pounde, Mei>hew, deceased: i • 
George Britton. of Michell Park, Si; 
Heniie Uritlon (son of tieorco). of .Si- 
hia son Beverley: Dennis, Geortc, ."^ 
Elizabeth, and Helun, children ol tic .a; 

cosen Tlionias Clark the younger: • v. or 

Wriotheslcy and his brother John ; c>' -lU 

Comwallis, wife of Thomas L'oruM ..m 

Porter of Her Majesty's Household : > .-n- 

wnllis. her son — Hetirie Pounde and I .n. 

executors and residuary legatees; ovei - ,,m» 

Uensloe, of Uurrant, and Tl»ontas \\ line, ot .>ew- 

Lady Lawrence was related to Sir Gcoree 
Peck ham through hor maternal grand- 
muther, who, according to Mr. B W (:,-..«ft- 
feld, in his 'Account of theWriot! ub 

in Titchtield Church,' was "Jom „ uf 

and heir of Peter Peckham, by the lieires% of 
Crowton." The arms of Dravton, Poclcliam, 
and Crow ton ap[>oar on the \ lifj 

tomb. Alkekd T. - u 

H'gh btre«t, Portsmouth.. 

io«"8.v.fkb.3.i9C6.j NOTES AND QUERIES. 


'Modern UyivRiaAL BniTisH TnAVEtxEn' 
<10"' S. V. »j9).— There in a copy of this work 
in the British Museum Library. lb is cata- 
logue<l undei' ' Rritisli Traveller,' and tlie 
date of the volume is 1779, press -mark 
10348. 1. G. It conUins at p. 22;') the plate of 
Eton College sought for by Mr. Austen 
Leigh. II. Escjush. 

Enigma by C. J. Fox (lo'" S. iv, 530 ; v. 
32J.— In the fifth lino of the first st-anza, as 
given by E. S , there is an error affecting 
tlie aptness of the solution suggi?s1.e<^l by 
H. H., which seems to be correct. The line 
referred to — 

And before Adam did appear— 
shoulii be 

An<l li«fore that [i.e. Noah's Ark] I did appear. 
I have an old MS. copy, headed 'A Kiddle 
by Chas. .las. Fox, Esq'.' It commences with 
the following stanza, wiiicli does not appear 
in the version of E. S. : — 

If here, as Welslitnen all agree, 
Honour depends on i)edig;ree, 

'i'lien gtund by, clear the way : 
Retire, ye son« of haiii;hty IJower. 
And i««iie jirond of old Glendower, 
And let uie have fair play. 

The ne-xt stanza agrees with E. S.'s first, 
except tliat it begins "For though^ you 
boaat," Ac, and the second line has "Your " 
ioslead of "TJieir." In other respects my 
rersion, with a few trifling variations, corre- 
sponds with that of E. S. W. R. H. 



*■ •'■nrimj Cfo%* and it'i IiinwUad 

By J. Holden MacMichael. 

■ his.) 

l>>MMi.s ki»a \>een iiuig too litg to lie taken otherwise 

than in "Mfntionn. Hooks deal with thesfc corn- 

I,, ■ ■ ' :<|i«i CDiistitute all attrac'ive cl.iSH 

, , whii'h llie account of St. James's 

f<:,. iiir Ii will Duseiit nmybeconsidered 

the Irortu j'jeaj. To the list of writers on London, 
wliicli foiiipruea Mr. W. J. Loflie, fSir Walter 
~ laanl, Mr. Wheatlcy, nnd a ncore others, nnisl 
w i»e added Mr. Holden MacMiclmel, to the 
rltj! 'if \\h'iaf> hist<iry of Charing Cross and its 
• liave, during its |)a.saa)(o through 
T Maumiut, fretpienlly drawn 

aiuiiiiu.. i .. -y deliahlful essays have now, as 
ibey well dcservnd, been reiirinted in book form, 
wirli ,1 of the <^is^rict| a frontispiece present- 
ii ! .. jii l^^JO, and a vignette 

kI - as it now is, together with 

t) id. It is a subject for con- 

^1 n it is the result presumably of 

district presented is that dear to 

t(. >. llie jiainler, nnd the poet, which 

^1 w years ago, and made the .Strand of 

tli«u :■: .;ni moat liajipily accideutcd street to 

■J— a 


l>« fonnd in any Kuropean ca])ital. and not the new 
thorouKhfare— broad, but not half broad enough, 
linotl with jialatial hotels— wliicli commends itself 
to the British vestryman. 

Charine Cross, the very centre of metropolitan 
London, is virtually bounded by Cyvent Garden oii 
the north and east, by t)t. James's Park on the 
west, and by .Scotland Yard and \V)iiiehall on the 
south. Mr. MacMichael disinitises the derivation 
from dun rci'H<' with Prof. Skeat's coniuieitt that 
it i« " too funny to bo iternicious." In dcAliiig with 
the associations of the district Mr. MacMichael ia 
more historical than topographical, and tlic more 
animated anions li>.'< early pictures are the assaults 
of the Londoner*! upon the servants of the .Spanish 
Ambassador; the hUTidreds of carriages and the 
thousauds of horsemen, with rosemary and bays in 
their hats, that accompanied Prynne, the author of 
' Histriomastix,' in November, lli40; and the 
kindred mob wbifh flocked to tlie fuuend of "8ir 
Edmondbury tJodfrey" (■<(.•). It is .juite impossible 
to convey an idea of the uinount ut inforiualion — 
IiiBtorioal, anti<|uuriai), Kossipin;;, what not— that 
is an)iptied in a book that may be read with un- 
fatlJDK ]>leaHure. Of K<iw mnc-li iiuaint and amusing 
snforniation Mr. MacMichael is the possessor 
readers of otir )>ages ure aware. }le has given us a. 
capital book, and one which we are ({lad to think 
may well be tliu tirst of a series. We Nhall be ghwl 
to welconto further vnlumejj or indeed aiiytliing in 
the shape of a cmitiunation. The work is admir- 
ably got up. 

Thf PolUknl llixlury of Eii'jlaiid. — Ffom the 
AccfiMoH of Jfcnrif JII. to the J'Mn/k of L'd- 
trnM lU.,lili;-tS:7. I5yT. F, Tout, (Longmans 
& Co.) 
Tin: third v©luine-in ordornf appearance — of 'The 
Political History of England' ftdlows closely ujKin 
the second. If the presejit iiisiabiient i» more 
vivacious ( hnn the previous, the catiso is partly that 
Prof. Tout's trcatiiiunt is picturesiiue, nnd i>arliy 
that the period is one uf the most romantic in our 
aiitiaU. It is a time of perpetual struggle in Soot- 
land, Wale!', and on the Continent ; it narrates 
such episodes OS the murder of Kdward II. by the 
"Rhe-woH of Franco"; introduces battles such aa 
liannockburn, Ilalidon Hill, Neville's Cross, Conr- 
trai, l.'recy, and Puicliers, and interludes such aa 
the Black Death ; and brings on the scene, licsides 
the great ones of the world, men such a« Chaucer, 
Wyclifl'e, and Froissart. When, with the death of 
Edward III., the record breaks off, tlio action is not 
complete: "John of tiannl's rule was not over. 
WyclitVe was advancing from discontent to revolt. 

Langland ha<i not yet put his complaint into 

its |>ermanent form Popular irritation against 

bad jjovcrnmenl, and so.'ial and economic re- 
TircsRion, were still preparing for the revolt of 

We are not able to accompany Prof. Tout 
in his long record, and can but note a passage 
or two of special interest. Apropos of Ino 
defeat of Louis in VIM, he says that it ia 
tempting to regard it as a triumph of Eng- 
lish patriotinm, but comnienis wisely that it 
is a mistake to read into the doings of men of the 
early thirteenth century the ideals of Inter uges. A 
gooa account is given of the progress of llmnglit i,| 
litiies of wetik guvernmcnt and intei i ' 
and it is aIiowii Iiovv, while the 
being recognized as I ho cnsmy, the 


NOTES AND QUERIES. no- 8. v. Ftu. 3. iJWk 

French toiiRne and Iho Freocli idobla was assertive. 
It iji ciirioua lo reud how tbe friars who invtided 
Eogland in I'ijH, (lickiiiK their way barefooted over 
frozen mud fctid hard snow, which were blood- 
utained by tl»eir feet, "were so full of fiin among 
thentselves that a deaf mute miuld hardly refrain 
from luuKhleratseeinifthem." We read, of cou rue, of 
the (lopiunr caiKini/.ation of 8t. Thoinaaof Hereford 
and the circuniglaiiceB under which it was obtained. 
SSonie Rjiace is bestowed oti the intereatine tiBuro of 
t he M aid of Norway. Of the in vMion of Kiieiand by 
David of Scotland, at the insligation of Philip of 
France, it it »ai<l "In thu« playinj; the Ki^me 
of tlie French kinn, David began a jiolicy whi<;h, 
from Neville** CrosH to FkxJdeii, brotiglit entbarrasa- 
nieiit to England and desolation to Scotland." A 
vivid description is supplied of the institution of 
orders of chivalry. Interest throughout is un- 
flagging, and the treatment generally is sprightly 
as well as philosojihicul. 

SttuJi(« on Aiigto-Saxon Iii'ttitutioni. Dy H. Munro- 

Chadwick. (Cambridge, Uuiversity Press) 
In noticing a book of such closely specialized learn- 
ing as Mr. L'hadwick's we shall west discharg'e our 
duty by indicniing its scope and characteristics, 
without atlem|iliiig to challenge ativ of the author's 
particular cunclusiniia. Few, indeed, would be 
cajmble of doing so, fur Mr. (Jhad wick has obviouaLy 
niaile ii special study of the charters and legal 
codes of the early >Saxon kingdnnis, and is able to 
write with a fuUneas of l(nowlc<igu which only pro- 
found research can supply. Himself a sevemiy 
scientific student of Saxou institutions, lie writes 
for the serious historical student, and not for the 
mere general reader, to whom he hardly ever con- 
descends; but the repertory of facts which he has 
lirougiit together will be of inestimable value to 
future htstorians. 

One of the tirat subjects with which lie occupies 
hini«elf is that of irer/jeld*, the amount of com- 
pensulion to which ditfurent elapses of the oonumi- 
uily were liable (or breaoli of their ?hiiii'/ or surety- 
ship. In Wessex tliisKrAdiiated system at inno^ was 
fixed at l;,2tJ<l, I50O, or 200 "shillings,'' according as 
one was a landowner, a laudlcsa gentleman, or a 
CfOrl. But aa a "' shilling " in one region bore «|uite 
a different value from the same dcnnmination else- 
where, this lends to a long and careful investigation 
of the monetary system <>f the early Saxons, which 
i« sutHeiently intricate in eonsegiienco of the am- 
biguity of the terniiuology. The author conjectures 
that the ^killing must originolly have denoted au 
ounce of silver: but the evidence is far from con- 
clusive. 'Ihe same laxnesa of use confuses the 
meaning of the word earl, which is variously 
jatini/.ed in the early charters as dux, inlm'-lir, 
roiU'i, and mUm. Frum having been at onetime 
ap(ilicable to uny noble, it seems to have actjuired 
it« srieciKc meaning as a title froni a conflation with 
the Scandinavian iarl. The origin of some uf our 
modern shires, Mr. tjhwiwick oonjectures, may be 
traced to divisions of a kingdom made between 
members of the king's family, us sometimes 

VVorthy. too, of notice is the account given of 
the word haf/niMl'l, generally used in the sense of a 
bachelor, wIiilIi has been a pu/.7.le to etymologists. 
Mr. Chadwick, differing from Kluge, holds the 
original meauitig to have been " the occupant of a 
ha^fa," i.t., of a town dwelling att^ivhed to a 
country manor, this haga being otton appropriated 

to soldiers. Thus the hoffiiMht/il came to be tised 
for any young warrior (p 341). W'v have lo thatdp 
the writer for a learned and infurming book. 

PoevKt. By George Crabbe. Edited by Adolt.bu* 
William Ward, Litt.U. Vol. L (CambnW 
University Press.) 

A THitEE-voLUMK edition of the wnr' ■ ' f ilbe. 
of which the lirst volume has appeat' ir«e 

of imblication under lhoeditorshit> <.i . rof j 

Peterhouse. Byron's ridiculous esiiin . . i i.hljo' 
as "Nature'asternest painter. yet the I. ;, ;. :,Jou- 
able enough as a mere ebullition, hii» liom- C r»bbe 
more liarm than good. His works are none (ite 
less indispensable in every collerttm of Kn;rli»h 
literature. 'I'he IKHi edition— i ; \ ia 

Crablie's lifetime — has supplied ' vt. 

Au interesting j^refatory nolo „,,.., ^ ^.LUcr 

sources have been consulted 'ihe volume opens 
with '.Juvenilia.' in the midst of which i« insL-nect 
'Inebriety.' 'The Library," 'The Villajte.* 'The 
Ncwspapei.' 'The Parish Regi<(ter,' «nd ' Th« 
Borough' are aho given. This seems destined to 
be the tirat complete edition. Prior's Potm* on Srreral 0<'i'a»ionj. 
Kdited by A. R. Waller. (Cambridge, UuiversUy 
Press. ) 

A FiR.>iT volume of Prior's poems has »Iao been 
added to the " Cambridge English Claissioa.' It ta 
occupied with the 'Poems on Several Occasions' 
which themselves comprise, with other works'. 
'Ahua: or, the I'rogre.M of the Mind,' in ihre* 
cantos, and 'Solomon oa the Vanity of the Wurhl.' 
a poem in three bo^^ks, together with the lightest 
of Prior's erotic and narrative poems, eicludlne, 
of course, those by other writera which were 
Iiriiited in some of his miseellH»ic«. A second 
volume will comprise the remainder of I'rior'i 
writings in prose and verse, including from the 
Loiiglcat MS.S. the 'Prose Dialogues' of Prior 
hitherto unpublished. 

Fartu aii'l Fanriri for fhr Ciirwin. ByCharle«C 
Hombaugh, A.M. (Philadelphia, J. R Lippioc«t» 

We have here what is rather florfdtj called **• 
melange of excerpta," chiclly, 'but Hot whoflr 
modern, and Itir^ely Aniericun. The whole con- 
stitutes a work into which men may dip with the 
certainly of amusement, but couvejsan idea that 
the wit and thought of to-dajr are inferior to those 
of yesterday. It is to be hopcil that the seek«<r after 
inforiiintion will not light upon a ]iaa«iiit;e such as: 
" The Itonian silver denarius sank finally to 
common cnp|>er coins, known in Froaoa a* 
' Dermer " t"'*' j. in Englaud as 'd.' and in (iermonr 
as 'pfennig"— a sentence in which inaceuracyof 
statement is hb noteworthy as deficiency of gram- 
niar. In the verses from God <« Acre, among tJhe 
inscriptions from Mount Auburn ceiuetcrr j| 
should be said that the lines beginning 

.She lived unknown, and fi»w could know 
When Mary [iric] ceased to lie. 
are altered from Wordsworth; and tho«« Ix-gjaninc 

Thou art gone lo the gravu 
from Hebcr. 'The Wit of the K()igraniniatl>itB ' ia 
of very disparate <]Ua1ily. A good many eninuaa 
are given, in most case* without Ihe aniTier*. Oo 


10^ a. V. V, ... :i. 1916.) NOTES AND QUERIES. 


Iho whole, we are di>j>osed to regard ' Legendary 
Lore' IIS the beat imrlion uf the work. 

StaHivfn Stories. By Hob. Illustrated by Dorothy 

Hilton. ( l>e La ilore I'ress. ) 
This collectinn of fairy Htoriea is readable and 
agreeable. The itlustralions of Dorothy Hillon — 
tnoee in cokiiir e*|i«cially— lender the volume con- 
taining them altractf ve. 

Author aud Prinlvr. By F. Howard Collins. 

Till" iiicftil litllt" book, in prai^^e of which we spoke 
warmly at lit"" .S. iii. 37t>, ha« .spetdily reHclie<l a 
■econti edition. It is a work of cuniposite labour, 
the ifeit L'orreclors of the press havinj; lUKisted in 
i(« conipilation. To printers, com pooi tors, A:c., it 
should be invaluable -, and there nre few writers 
who will not be thankful for its informution or its 

Thr Lfp and Pmcti^'t of Chaufft of yamr. By 

\V. P. W. Phillimore. MA. (Philliniore *: Co.) 
Mk. PillLLiMiiUi: has bit upon a happy idea, and 
executed well a useful tank. Besides beinpr "^ hiuh 
Mrvire to all who seek a change of name, it kuifplies 
a very u-ioful Hat of cases and precedents, anil is at 
once readable and authoritative. 

A Gui'fe to Ti'lrnirrU etii'l it* Chnrrh. By the 

Rev. .1. M. .1. Fletcher. M.A. (Tideawell.) 
A TIIIRU edition has been issued of the V'iour of 
Tidetwell's guide (o his own parish and description 
nf hii« own churoh, jiupularly known as the 
Cathe<li»l of the Peak- It has a preface by Lord 
HawkcKliury, geolocical notes by Mr. H. Arnold 
Ii«niro»e, .M.A . uumerous illustrations, is well 
written, and of «|iecial interest to residents in and 
visitors to the district. 

To our own nt^ret, and to that of many of our 
rendero, a familiar name niu<)t vanish from our 
columns. After an illness extending over three 
ronnths, Mr. Everard Home Coleman, F.R.U.S., 
F.R.A.S.. Ac thi oiliest member of the London 
and Middlesex Aicbaolo){iciiI Society, died on Sun- 
day ]a«t nl hin rexiilrnce, 7I> Brecknock Uiiad, N. 
Bom in ISIH, the deoea«ed eentleman was tlie flui 
of an ittficer in the HE I C.S. Ho was educated ttt 
Christ's Hospital in the Charles II. Mathematical 
Sohout. Bv special appointment of Williom JV,, 
he joinrfl xho AHiniraliy, where he remained five 
y< . • V yearn nn<Jer the Board of Trude 

AA :-irAi of Shi|>ping and .Seamen, 

fr*. .. , ,.,1'jn he was i>ensioned over seven- 
teen veara «ko. Owing to un accident in early life, 
Mr. Coleman wn^ prevente<) from ipialifying for 
the navy. A full ucoourit rif liis observations «ii<l 
exjwriences at Cbei-il's Hospital, which he entered 
in .Tune, LS'JT, *Pi»eared in Th" Cily Prfn for 
16 Oct., UlOl. The names customarily employed 
werv those of his godfather, the famous surgeon 
Sir Kverard Home. Up to hia last disipialifying 
illneiui Mr. Coleman took an active doli).'bt in 
• N. ft Q.' He was a contributor to the First fr'eriea, 
thoufch hia earliest article cannot be traced The 
list nt hi» contributions to the Ninth Series fills 
nearly seven columns of theticneml Index to that 
«eriea. Uo seems to have formed with npecial 
dilig«nc« extra indexes to a&men and contributions 
ia sarlier aehea. 


MtusHHS. Baf.r S. Co.. of_ Frankfort, send us » 
catalogue of ' Rheinlann-Wesifaleii ' and adjoiiiini; 
districts, it oifers many books of interest lo the 
traveller in an attractive region, dealing with the 
legends and jwietry of thegreat river. Some Knglish- 
volumes are included, and the collection of litera- 
ture concerning Cologne will repay attention. Ger- 
mans are celebrated for their interest in "views," 
which are noticed in abnndance in this catalogue. 
There are also several autograplis of local princes 
and princesses to be had. 

McAsrs. Bull ft Aiivache send as two catalogues. 
In the first we find the Covordale Bible, a good 
cony, mV., and Nicolson's second edition of Cover- 
dale's New Testament, 8/. 8v There are also 
several copies of Cranmer'a version of Ijie Bible, 
including 1541. price 'J8/. : another, I&(0. 11/. 14i.l 
and a third, IM2, 12/. A clean sound copy of 
Matthewc's vcrsinn is j>riced U/. U^i. ; Tyndale's 
New Testament, lo,')"J, LS/. : and the second edition 
by Jugge, also scarce, li'wS, Hil. The woodcuia 
include the devil with a wooden leg. The second 
catalogue contains an im|>ortant collection of 
Liturgies and Liturgical Works. Among other 
items are ' The Knglixli Dialect Dictionary, 6 vols., 
6/. l.").'<. : Rvmer and Sanderson's ' Fa-dera, Conven- 
tiones, Literas-,' 20 vols.. i7*J7 35, 8/. 8*. ; the Abbots- 
ford edition of ScotI, 4/. 15<. 

Mr. John JefTery has some curious chapbooka, old 
maps, and pamphlets. The subjects treated com- 
prise slavery and the West Indies, 1.S32; the Cor- 
|>oration of Lonilon, 1847; the tir)em]tloyed, ISIO : 
the National Debt, I83!{; John Wilkes, ITtiT ; and 
'The Result of the late Elections,' 1S3I. 

Messrs. Myers ft Co. send two catalogues. That 
devoted to Engraved Portraits includes a veryficarce 
portrait of Tnomas Paine. 2/. 'J'(. ; Mrs. ■Jor^San in 
'The Country Girl,' l^-*. fr/. ; Macadam, tiie road- 
maker, standing astride on two posts, with bags of' 
''sovereign.s " under each arm, .'v, ; and ft Acarce 
portrait of ."^ir Humphry Davy, 1/. \{)i. I'hofe in- 
terested in Vaiiishing London (and who is not *) 
cat! pasn a plea.sunt half-hour over the jterusal of 
Messrs. Myers's Catalogue of Views of London and 
its V^icinity, including Montague House, Blooms- 
bury; Sir Paul Piuilar's House, in Btshopsgate : 
Bridewell Pslace ; Buckingham Palace, when 
Buckingham House; Carlton Hnuxe ; Xorlhundicr- 
land House; election scene at Covcnt Corden ; Cato 
Street, Kdgware Road, the scene *jf the conspiracy ; 
the Marshalsea Prison ; old views of the Strand, 
Regent Street, ftc. 

Mr. Ludwig Rosenthal, of Munich, sends us the 
fourth part of bin latest Catalogue of Catholic 
Theology, which includes headiiign from Marca to 
Rosellis. As usual, he offers several line incunabula 
and MSS., such as a * Martyrolngiiim Rnuiafio- 
Seraphicuni,' of about the middle "(the thirte««nth 
century, in red, blue and black (HKKIm.); and an 
original MS. on the ritual uf|the Armenian Church, 
' .\laMlitota ' (;XiU m.). There is abundance of fine 
MissaU noted here. We find also IV> vols, of 
Fathers of the English Church, 1813 ol (120 m), and 
several Psalters. 

Mr. Chas. J. Sawyer offers I he fine classical 
library of tlie late James Bailey, of Trinity 
Collegf, Cuinliiidge, a friend of Porsott and 
Wakcticld, some cf whose annotations are in the 
booki. Aotoug luteicsting items are the ,;l!Ait.Vv^Va!a. 



NOTES AND QUERIES. tio«8.v.Fn,.3.i«oa' 

*'ex. off. II. SLephani." 1557; a. Paris CAtuUiiu of 
ISAi; a Euripidea of 1511 (the third edition of thi 
dramatist): an edition of Valla in (Jothic type, 
unknuwn to L)wniie«;and several other epecinieiis 
of early preggeg of Kf^'^t \'iilue. 

Mr. A. Russell Smith has a very intcreatinn Cata- 
loKue of Engraved Portraits, at very low prices. 
Anionf; the few more expensive items we note 
liartolu/jti, Carlini. and O. Cipriani, repreaeinlitiK 
the llireu arts of painting, enktraving, and sculpture, 
A magt)iti':ent engraviriK, 12/. ; and u portrait of 
tjacheverell, 1/. Iv, Under Robert Emmet is a folio 
broadside, nearly half beine occupied by au en- 
graving: of the interior of the court, and Kiniuet 
J (leading, "If the Fren'!h land in Ireland," Sn:., 
)ublin, ima, very rare. 2/. 2^. 
Me8.'«r9. Henry Solheran & Co. have a splendid 
•copy of lUniells rare work, 'African .Scenery and 
Animals,' 30 beautifully coloured plat«s: a set of 
the publications of the Ethnological Society, the 
Anthropological Society, and the Anthropolnpiciil 
Institute, exceedingly rare, 25/. ; an«l a set of The 
Alkfiitrnnt, 1S2S !90T, A'U. We cannot object to the 
comment, " The Aihfitftum needs no recommenda- 
tion." ijnrton's '.Arabian Nijfht.s,' very scarce, is 
:S1/. UU. i Lycett'a 'Australia,' W. lOi. ; a set of the 
Delpliin Classics, 15/.; an extra- illustrated copy of 
Burnet's " History of his Own Time,' 17'21-3-l. :ij'. ; 
•Cttxlon'H 'Golden Lj.'pend,' 1520. very rare, 21/.; 
and a choice set of Culeridge, Pickering, lS3l55.'{, 
\y>l. IS,*. Under Cornwall we find Carew and I'ol- 
whole. There are a number of firnt editions of 
Dickens. Books on the drama include the * Memoirs 
of Charles Mathews,' further illustrated by Ift'l Hne 
IXirtraita, and with '2S autognudi letters, IS.'18-U, 
^K. 10< A fine iinonl cojiy of ti'jydell's ' Hiatury 
of the Thunies,' 17SM-0, VH. \'l^. Othor general items 
inchido Niclioln's ' F.,iterary Anecdotes,' 17 voIh., 
•!!/. 9*. : Hodgaon'a' Northumberland,' very rare, 146/. ; 
'Sir Joshua lleynolds,' largo pijwr. (jraves, 5)5/.; 
and a long set of Ritaon. 17S-T1H.1S. 2S/. 10«. There 
are aUo choice works under Furniture. 

Mr. Albert Sutton, Manchester, has Agrippa'a 
' Trattato di Scicntia d'Arme,' first edition, 15.V}, 
HO/.-, Ilnhn's extra volumes, 2/. lO*. : 'The Kama 
tSutra of Vatsyayno,' 7 parts as issued, Benares, 
1883, I'. 15<. (only a few printed for private^ciroula- 
lion) : Laing's ' Chronicle of the K.iug^ of Norway,' 
1844, 1/. A-,. ■ Quarles's ' Divine Poems," 1004, 1/. 4-. : 
a complete set of the publications of the Type 
Facsimile Society, portfolios. Ito, 10/. 10«. ; and 
Law's ' lianipton Court I'alaee,' 1/. lit. There ore 
a number of iiaeresliug items under Anierica, 
Angling (int'liidiiig llie first edition of Hawkins's 
• Wiiltuii and Cotton," I7(i0, '2J. Ii. 6-/,), Devonshire 
nnd Luncoshire (where we find an account of 'The 
tSurey Demoniaok,' 1697 H, .3/. Si.). We note among 
general items a set of Jlun-nrhold WonU, of I'kt 
lltc.rtcUivt. litfkir, and several volumes of The 
HfwtOHti; edited by Holyoake. 

Mr. Wilfrid M. Voynich sends iia Short Cata- 
logue No. 10. Uu.-h of the four hundred and fifty 
-items contains matter of interest. Among these 
we note a few ; Ereind'4 ' Pr.Tleotionos Chymic.*'?.' 
173(i, is llVi. The work is a eulogy of Newton's 
principles, and was attackeil in the ' Acta Knidi- 
toriini,' 1710, which attack the author replied to 
<Plii\ Traw!.. xxvii. ;«0.>. The first edition of 
Paracelsus. 1578, is 1/. ItU. Under China is the 
rare first edition of Handier'* ' History of the f -nurt 
•of the King of China,' I(J35. 2/. 1U<, Tlie lirst 

IS niiicti 

William Jaggard, reralled by my 1 
buryes coinniand." It is evident. 

edition of Dryden'« *Cnni|ue«t of firan ■ 
morocco by Riviere, 1072. is 21/,; Ij, , 
Ohostes and SpiritM WAlkin? I>v V\ 
1-,J/. r.V; Vair's'Tr : ' 
lagea, ou Enohantcn 

French edition) ; on ,.;,,, 

edition of Boccaccio, liii>, price li.V ' Thii.' 
rarer than that of lOJO. Ihe ^otry TthV"!^ 
Cameron' at Stationen?' Hall «t«te« : " M*«e* 

lord of Caiiier-' 

,, 1 -I -.• . ' however, that- 

Uie prohibition was soon withdrawn. Un.ler Oxford 
Prestos we (ind Alfonso de Valdcs's •r>fnl^.;t,e of 
the .Sack of Koine and the ' P ' ^r-o» 

1586,21/. There la a long an. I ' m] 

to those in the cat.alogue. 1. J'iri» 

imprint: "There can be no d->uU iJi«( lia.roea 
hnrfing that the publication of S;uuii«h Pfof4H.(»Dt , 
books was very mn»opular at the tiin- ' ' Uie 

imprint on |»art ot the edition of ..^r' 

and idaced the Paris imnrint on II. j^'^' 

The following rarity heads ih... list oi l,K'u...buiB: 1 
Consolat dfl .Mar,' Hircelona, 14 Julv. UfM IJV I 
I'Lis is the first CO) ly of these — ' ■ > • "' >" . 

for sale in modern times. Or," 
are known: one in the Biblicr 
Franoe.and the other in the Inn .ji^ay LiUa.y^t 
Cagliari, in b«rdini.i. This wuik " ■'- • 

dation of modern maritime Uw. 

the foun- 
When will »oma 

wealthy lover of books be found to [.iirchase Mr 
^ oynich's unique collection of •' unknown Iwoks"' 
We note that the advertisement stilt aDnears at 
the back of the catalogue. 

the naiM 
- for pib> 

We miMl call Mpteial aitmtion to tkt foUMtmt 

On all communications must f . 
and address of the sender, not 
tication, but aa a guarantee of ^i' 

W K cannot undertake to answer quenea pri vattly. 

To secure insertion of cwnimiiuicatioini corrs- 
sirandents must ol>8erve the following tulea, Ltl 
each note, query, or reply be written on * aaiHiral* 
slip of paper, with the aigiiature of t' ■ - • ,„d 
such address aa he wishes to appear. \ .,», 

iug queries, or making n.>t<>s wjih re^n. , ,oq| 

entries in the fiaper. ..ts »rt, icjjut*t*dM 

put in parentheses, ly after the exaet 

heading, the series, ^ , mI pag« or p.L'ct to 

which they refer. <^.<)rre.s]iotidentB who roiwat 
queriea are requested to head the ««c(ind coib- 
municatioD " Duplicate." 

St. Swithin ("A poor thing, but mine owTt"!— 
Is It not an abbroviaiion of Touohstone'a *• A noor 
virgin, sir, an ill favoured thing, sir. 1 ut ni.M 
own (As \oH Like It,' Act V. sc. iv.)? 

A. L. M.witKw ("Man in the «tr«*t-J— Th« 
quotation from Emerson's * Conduct of Life' «u 
given at 9"' 8. ii. l.'il. 

E. COh for a blast of that drad 
horn ! ).— Marinion, canto vi. slanu xxjtiji. Km 
also ' Rob Roy,' chap. ii. 

Editorial communicationa should be adi<i>m4 
to "The Editor of 'Notes and (Jt<ert«s"'_^^r«r. 
tisemonts and Rnsiness l.etler<i to " Th« Pab- 
l'sher''--at the Office, ilream's Uuitding*. ChaoMn 
Lane, E.C, 

10* 8. V. Feb. 3. 1906 ] NOTES AND QUERIES. 



(Close to Piccadilly Circus). 



PHLETS. and OLD BOOKS on many Subjects. 


CATALOGUES post free. 


W. M. V O Y N I H, 


Incanabula, Woodcuts, English Literature, 
Shakespeaxiana, &c. 



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ThU iQilei !• 4oub1« th« ill* nf prerlnsa onw, •• u rnniaiKi, ta 
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to. L*a4«iihali Her**' l,aniliH>. 8 C. i 

0>auin» hairtaM ti«Mr. n«*r vhivh ih» |>«n «li|>a wit* MrtaM 

rr«i«tf*>hi. ftiip«ae««aeh Ai par dniaa, rula<l or plato- >aw rMkat 

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Aailiora *h4Mil4 note that 1h« l^aadanhaJI I'raaa, XaA , eana^t bt 
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CTICKPHAST PASTK is miles better Hian Gum 

l>^ t»r tuclilnc In 8crap< JAInlaf I'aMra. A< M.. M . aad tl altk 
•tronc. ax'TuI Kruibianta Inf ) ><»*4 two atainpi tn e«««r pe*tae« 
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Laa4«Bta)i »traal, B.C. Ut all aiauantra. BUekpbaat Phh tUaii. 

prrv -^ 

aad I'r.KKiDMJAi. 
baa*. R-Ci 

M I'RKiSS. — J(JHN Kli,\ Al.h 

n!<r al Lbr JCJ<'uru». AV/i nHJ (Ji . - '.^ 

r KilTIMM'BH for all ktada nl IMmiv > i' :^>. - 

t'ULN riA'O. — IS, Braamt UaUdlao.«rj 

inruhl; Fnmlabr'l Miitiac Konm a«4 Oaa Ba^rooia Plaaaaai 
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«lor» MAItCh -.11, two. ta J ^ 
IS. Vork Plaea. Hdiaburab. t :r.r> u 
furtbar lafortaalKiD maj M obtaiaod. 
FabiuarT ICi IKie 

"■ J'vha Pkut^ 

ttaa BocieiJ, Ijotii 

'••ada aa or 
• tlic Mfvai. 
wiuna aar 

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Fracf* t'rf Deh-OanafllaB famlllaa. Oaliactloa sad lada-.a of 
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Frum Jvha of Uaaat dam bHhi fcli \,' 

AKCKSTKY, English. Sootcli, I ntericmn. 

TRAOBIIfr»mSr*TK KaCOHIW. Sj -' <>f Bl 

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■ nJ t.'t.rr l(«,..i,5. 
^n■i antl Iratafl.l 

n'lfi aai 1niiiilat*d. 
■•<• Irtlled Mr LallaM** 

■ Mamlier or Rnallah and Foreica Ai' 
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RAKSR'S Oreai Booaalui(>, u-ia.John brifht Siraai, Btnola(lMH. 




Foaadad lt3S. 

r«Bdi airaod St.OOOI. 

O««o : Haaionai Hall RaUdMf a. is, Fatrlatdaa anoet. laadia. KC. 

I-atroB : 

Tb* IU()il Hon. Ui* Httit, of NOSBUBRV. K.O. 

I'rtatdOBt : 

Tka lllrht Boa. tka LUUU OLBKBSJt. 



317. Straad, W.C 

OHJRCrn-ThIa rnatlliiUnn wh aaUblUhod la UBS la UM CI9 af 
LoDdoB. ondar ibe I'midpoc^ of the lata Altfannaa llai ■■!, lar 

rrantlBv retiainai and Trn<pnntrr ^iftataBCc lo firlmolpata aad 
aaaliaaiita eitraarfl «• .. - * 

A l>nnaiiim nf t'rn 1 aad flana 

thrai rntea f'vr Itr* •< ■> :«« Oataaaa 

||i<ei a TiXo at all ' 1 1 irriaf IB 

• BtlUed to oae loiaal all ■ "".i • i.klUia«aBa 


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• i.U.1 thai h' /«H i« th* < 

Ihr |'>la<:ll> 
*M> that atrli 
t'\r BOt leal ('• 
Bftr ll«a yeara .ji a«r 1 \i oi-ifau n 'n. 

leaat i*B laari 

Jiai.lBF.- Taii»p*»r»ra f*lli«r ta ■treo In 

M UCM.IM I. . r Ihr In>i'iuli..v M„| I.. .,,... 



eaea (-«-.- 

• p* ra ti 

•• aea 

- ••' a* 

lh« II 

10'* 8. V. Frx. 10. iwc] NOTES AND QUERIES. 



CONTENTS.-No. 111. 

MOTBS :-F<»ii»«cni Jifvi-ut C«.int»ropUtion«,' 1H2P, 101- 
A.iri»t Inill&n MiUUry BiirUI-Krr'UIKl, 104-Oulrieai. I'Jo 

— "Murinor" anil the S«a in Iji.tlii h'ueti — Orkker'a 
•Sweet C«nlrt«l' - Tnwiilry Home, lUmiKHtr, llXJ — 
6t. ISxi>«'ailtii-8lpveiiv»r« ' N«w At«l.t«n NtK>>t*,' lul. 

«)UBKIK3 :-•• Pip " — "Pious /iimiler" - The Waterloo 
CftmT>>»lK"> U>7-Strriie »iiil John«oti AX. "the ChMliIre 
Ci„.^^„ •_ A.iih-imif Quoikliuiis Wtnlod-Klnit : Jonchfn 
C*i liiry <.r Prrslnii Olim/rN,' IHol - UofinlC 

If 1 Krcar.!«-Uxfi'r.l Utilvrrilly Vii|iint«wi 

— T. J- . i .. ;>: "f BUkr. liK - Krnnt Auguiliii Sli;|>boti- 
•o I — fou'iur > Orreli-OTinaii Lotli'im — Niivel : llilo 
W1111I4M — Samuel Willlamo, UrntiKlil«m*n — Jrnkyii. 
L'mle Jiitiii, Ac— $)>iii'iln'( Wliiiln -Heliimii : At«man, !•<'.• 

— P.»rlm«nl*i«u Wonl* aihI I'lirmM — Oiil^h Kploliany 
Custom — ' Po<fm* ol K«rly Yi*»ri'— Vamphoin — Luslro 
W»ri-. 1 Ii.'. 

ItKPI-tKi -"Ihuul," 110- "Jan Ki-iu "— KuCkefellrr — 
Deal li-tilnU lit Scut lAn<l atnl Ir>'lari>l, lU -Linn <ln>lilre 
Ur«ii, i-.,iL l,,r.- .l.liii Dtir Hm-t - Srmp«r K*nilly- 
Sni I -"BM.'-Art'lil.Uhnp 

K- "•' BrUtxi-, lU-M«».ir, . -I :: ly Finale lu llie Grrat 

BxliiOtiii'ii,' lii-'lu»w ui L-ikIuii - " Waa yini?" acil 
*' Yon wa» " — " Brelan " — Tbr L'niiilailn — " Ulaa." -. an 
Alitwt'vlalloii— ■ Panelinri* ■ : 'Minerva,' 1735 — " I'miire" 
— TrarAlaar, 11 1 -Uacteria : Barly Niillce - llariz, Prnlan 
Pi>el— U.>rti wlIJi Teetli - Giil«4lii» : SlHTlrr — Selllnc 
«tlie»*-lf t" llio Ufv11-N'«t»ilcon'R Curonatlofi It 'Iw t lU 
G<>M Bc't - Maiil«|{'>*'* Htmsp, I l.'i — "<juaiii nihil ad 
j(piiliini, I'apinlanr, luiini ! "— Pl<lj(l» or Pij(enii KMj(lish — 
< T'i" !•:. i. ..■. • Almanack '-Bowfj Ca<llr, YurksliUc, IH 

— h ■•■«.■ a Novel, 117. 

KOll kS :-Th«- Eiiierludeof YmiUr-'SwIn- 

buri. 1,; lies'— "The Folk-lore of Wiimen '—' Barly 

LUe* ui Cliarlfcnagne (ini Ui^ Hoflk of St. Gall '— 
'BroocUcn of -Many Nalloni ' — ■ Upper Murwoott Alhe- 
nKuiii'— llevlewa ftn>l Ma){a^1ne«. 



The engraved emblematical title-page of 
this work i« au excellent example of FhoiMas 
Ceciir*) liaadiwork, in llie centre of which we 
have : — 

"Devovt ContenipUtiona Expresaed In two and 
Fortie Sernion» vpon all y« Qu*nrage«iinall GobjkrIIs 
Writleu in SiMinisli by Fr. C'h. deFonneca Eiiijljahed 
by I. M. of Mai^dalen Colledge in Oxford. Loodou 
Printed by Adam lalip Anno l>OTiiini 1029." 

The work is printed in small folio of G48 
paues, excluding the table at the end, the 
tillepat(0, and two preliminary leavea. It is 

"To Iho Two Noble KnighU, Sir John Straiig- 
vviiyM, and Sir Lewis Dive ; and Their Vertvovs 
lA(fi«(i, Ihe Lady Grace SlranRwayc*, and L»<Jy 
Kuward Dive. lu Ack.iinn'Ie<ii:inent of bin own triio 
jAiiientid RcsjieLt, Don Diego Pvede-Ser Dedicatelli 
tllo»c hi* Indeavovrs." 

FoIlowinK thii dedication there Xft an address 
• To the Header,' the only notable remark in 
it being an undertaking by the traiiiilator 
that if the present venture receives suHicieiit 
encouragement, he *'witl hereafter furniKh 
Chee with the Labors of the same Author 

vpon all the Parables." The latter work has 
never appeared in an English dress, so far 
as I know ; and we may thus reasonably 
conclude that the expected encouragement 
from the ][)ublication of these * Devout 
Conteniplationa ' was not realized. Sir John 
Strangwaye.s was the father-in-law of Sir 
Lewis Dive or Dy ve, who married Sir John's 
daughter Howarda in I(j24. She wa.s tlie 
widow of one Edward Rogers, of Bryan.ston. 
The ' D.N B.' gives a very compretiensive 
account of the lea<iin^ events in the life of 
Sir Lewis; and consulliiig Howell'.i 'Letters' 
in the edition of 1726, 1 find several references 
to him. There is one letter in whicli Dyve 
is staled to have attended Prince Charles 
when he went to Madrid in connexion with 
wliat is known as the business of the Spanish 
marriage. The arrival of Charles and liia 
companion Buckingham in that city was 
homelhinp of a niysterj' ; the former passing 
himself off as Mr. John Smith, and the latter 
as .Mr. Thomas Smith. By anfl by, however, 
the real character and mission of the 
travellers camo to bo known, and the little 
incident in which Dyve placed a part I shall 
now quote in Howell'a words (ofl. 1726, 
p. 13.3):- 

"And now it wn* |>ul)licltly known among the 
vulgar, thttt it was the Prince of Wales who was 
come ; and iho confluence <jf People Ijeforo my Lord 
of IJrifttol's Houae was so great and greedy to see 
the Priiiee, that to clear Iho way. Sir Lewis Div«a 
went out and took coach, and all tln» croud of 
People went after him : so ihe Prince liiniielt a 
little after took coach, wherin there wore Ibe Earl 
of Bristol, Sir Walter Ash ton, and Count (ion- 
dutuar ; and so went to the Prado, a jilace hard by 
of purpose to take the Air, where they staid till 
the King paas'd by." 

This letter is dated "Madrid, 27 Mar,, 1623," 
and is addressed to "Sir Tho. Savage. Kt 
and Bar." ^^ 

In a letter without date, written by 
Howell "To Sir L. D. in Paris," there is aa 
interesting reference to his forthcoming 
' History of Naples ' (p, 509) :— 

" I shall fihortly by T. B. send you a new 'History 
of Naide«.' which also did coat mo a great deal of 
oil ana labour." 

This ' History of Naples' appeared in 165-1, 
and was dedicated by Howell " To the Uight 
Honourable and High-born Peer William 
Lord Marquess of Hartford, Ac." 

Of the author of the present work, 
Christopher do Eonseca, I gather from the 
meagre account given in Moreri's 'Grand 
Dictionnaire Historique' (Amsterdam, 1740, 
vol. iv.) that he was a native of Toledo, in 
Spain. Choosing a religious life, he entered 
the Order of the Augustines in ITjCG, as I, 
take it, aad afterwards came to ho.vt!k "OciRk 



NOTES AND QUERIES. [u>^«.io.i908. 

repatatioD of being one of the ablest 
preacbeni of hia time. He died in IfilS. 
nmidea the 'work now under consideration, 
Moreri mentions that Fonseca wrote a ' Life 
of Christ' and a treatise on 'The Love of 
God/ and BUggeet« that he wrote others 
witich are not specified. As stated above, 
he also prodacen a work on ' The Parables.' 
The treatise on * The Love of Gotl ' was 
translated intoEoglish by Sir George Strode, 
and published in 16'2. It may be notefl that 
Jolin Spencer, in his excellent collection of 
* Tilings New and Old.' 1658, frequently quotes 
from these ' Devout Contemplations.' 

James Mabbe, the translator, is now gene- 
rally accepted as having been the author of 
the comntentiatory lines in the Shakespeare 
Folio, 1G23, 8ub8cribe<l "L M." He was born 
in 1572, and matriculated at Magdalen 
College, Oxford, taking his M.A. degree on 
17 October, 1598. He accompanied Sir John 
Dighy when ho went as ambassador to 
Muirid in 1611, and on his return in 1613 
was made one of the lay prebendaries of 
Wells. It will have been noticed, in the 
dedication quoted above, that he subscribes 
himself " Don Diego Pvede Ser." This was 
a pseudonym for "James May-be"; and in 
his translation of Cervantea's ' Exemplarie 
Novells,' 1640, he aubscriljcs himself in the 
same way. I may further state that 
Mabbe was also tlie translator of * The 
llogue ; or, the Life of Guzman de "Alfarache,' 
1622. He died about 1642. 

It would lie out of place to say anything 
here reganJtrig the author's religious opinions 
and beliefs. 1 may, however, remark that the 
discouracs are all eminently practical, and 

f;ive the impression that the preacher must 
iBve been a roan of a soniewliat austere 
temperament. One of liis epigrammatic 
sayings is — and if this were the place a 
goiKily number might be quoted— "Salt in a 
Preacher is more necessary than Sugar," and 
of the former commodity lie seems to liave 
had more than enough in his mental consti- 
tution. I/et me also «ay that, saving for a 
chance* leferenco liere and there, we might 
take Fonsoca tu have been one of those de- 
vout <«pirits who belonged to that great coni- 
iQunioii of wliioh John Donne, George Her- 
bert, fttid Uiclmnl Hooker were memhers. 

In the followvMK passage we have a refer- 
once to the (Ino oltl come<ly entitle*! 'Jack 
Drums Entcrlainmpiit' (not "Tom" as in 
the toxt), first published in 1601. The text 
of 1610 will bn found reprinted in the excel- 
lent collection formed by the Into Mr. Uichard 
StiniMon, and known as 'The School of 
ShakeMpearo' (vol. ii. p. 12i);— 


' . a 
: a 

Martial md of Homer That if ha broushb 
nothtog aloiis with him bat the Muxet, hee iihoiilj 
h«oe •Tom DraninMn' e«terUunineQt, <uid b« •huft 
out of doorek — I*. 277. " 

Here 13 one of those tottchoci wliicli make 
the whole world kin (p. 39) :— 

"Bat the iinp»tient roan when the coller fits 
cltwer to his neck ibui he would haae it, thnuta 
in his hngtsrt betweeoe, to atretch it wider and 
make it more euie. 

A disciple of Walton will appreciate this 
diustration (p. lOy) :— "^ 

'"Theirs are like fishing rodi; which when the 
Bah bite uot, continue Birait k riu»i», but if thev 
nibble neoer so little at the bMl,pi«seiitlr bow ud 

Perhaps it is not a new point in Scriptural 
exegesis, but our author does no* ^ ..-;•■.■. to 
hint that the Patriarch Job was a ,th 

the gout (p. 168): "lob caJletli ;.,. ....^Ltk 
paire of Stockea. ' 

The following collection of quaint and pro- 
verbial phrases I noted in reading the book 
and I trust they may prove of interest :— ' 

"He made another statue of gold from ton to 
toe. — r. '2. 

"The Lyon preyes not vpon children uid women 
nor the basle vpon the leaver birds, nor your Irish 
honnrls^'^P e'*"" ''*»'eP'iea«J» cur» nor toinivg 

'That I hey that were pabliko ft scandalou 
binners did present themselues in a kind of soutaee 
or coarse Sucke-cloath before the Biahop "— P "J^ 

"Nazareth (which wm the place wlient oar 
Sauiour had beeue bred vp) tooke it in rack 
dudceon. —P. 23. 

"Hut when the enemip comes vpon them. more 
fearful ihAoharea, and betake them u, their 
heeles. — R 'ii. 

" lob eornplainelh. That his sernanta would hane 
eaten him iiiecenieale."— P.25. 

"There is no CoUiriuni that lo opens the eves of 
the Roule, aa niiierie and trouble."— F. ^. 

"Not like the ArchiaynaKORuian. ' who desired 
liim. That he would lay his hand vnon ha 
d<ni(thier. — P. 37. 

"The Ribond or bend of Salnation, whervwitk 
the bloud la stanched."— P. 39. •"«rw»*« 

"Aa a Lieger-booke of L»W8 and Stktutea."— 

;'l)auids aouldiers fingen itoht, and woqM 
fame bauo set vpon Saul, when they had him oub'd 
vp in the caue."— P. Hi 

"Your liookes of Duell haue their pccli 
lye muat be returned with a boxe rm 
bi'xe on the enre will rpiiuiro a bant 
bMtonadoinK the vn^heatliing of thu ■ „„, 
the Sword death."— P. 50. 

*' But beuauae their end waa not tn r1»T ho-i>rBO« 
wiih the Deuill. and to goe al.,„ ^ ^^ 

but to *orue their God, and i.i ,,.' 

thev^did not care a fiR for all hi,. : , J 

P- II- 

"The Deuill now thought himaelfe codta-aure." 

"And therefore, bee it by hooke or by •nwka."— 
1. oO. 

10* B. V. fkb. 10. iBoa] NOTES AND QUERIES. 



"I terme it foUae ; for, m M&a, hee [Cbriat] lind 
no reason to doe any snch raali and inconsiderate 
action ; and, aa God, he« had no neede to play the 
Tnml>lor, atid lo flie in the aire."— P. US. 

"I'hia is a short and cutted kind of speech."— 
P. 90. 

"Beeing one that wiaht tlieiu all good, hug^'d 
theni vnder his winft."— P. JOl. 

"Kine Balacka Messengers had so Kreased his 
[Balaam «) fisu with good gold."— P. 110. 

" Whereas the Adulterer was by all ndiiidged to 
be a happie and a fortunate man, that tiy good hap 
he had eacai)«d out of the hands of lustiLO either 
hy flight, or greasing the Officers in the fist."- 
F. 117. 

"Nothing will down with them but (|uc1qnes- 
choses, made dishes, and pleasing sauces for Ihv 
Palate."- P. 124. 

"No man will spAre hin ericniie, if he can catuh 
him vpon llie liip." — P. l.'KI. 

" He that protends a Captains place, the gouern- 
nient of a Garrison Towne, or the keejiing of a 
Fort, frets and fumes, when lie knowes he hath 
done theState good seruice in the Warres, to see a 
C«r|>et Knight, that can better vse a Violl than a 
isword, lead a measure with a Ladie than a Band 
of men. be preferred, and hiniselfe put by." — 
P. IKJ. 

"Philon saith, That he [Moses] was a King, a 
Lawgiuer. a Pnipbel, A a Priest, (iregorio Xa/i- 
an7«n, .Siiint Aiigastiue, and .Saint Hieronie jumpe 
together in that jtoint." — P. '20'i. 

" Elias in that furious whirlewind, in that 
terrible enrtli(|uake, and that fear«fu91 tire, wrapt 
himselfe vplike a liottonie of yarne, and Uy close 
to the earth.'— P. 217. 

" The pleasures hee tooke therein, ctapt wings to 
his feel.''- P. 219. 

"The metaphor is taken from those that run, 
when as the one trips vp the others heeles."— 
P. m 

"Whiit ijreater snare than that pit-fall which 
was nrepare<l bh a iiunishment for Tantalus, who 
•tanJing vp to the chinno in water, could yetncuer 
con>o to ijuench his thirst." — P. "2^. 

"Salnnion commending a manly mettled woman, 
«a)'e». Thut she clnathed hcr«elfe with Piirjile and 
with JSilke.'^P. 2.)4. [Julin Boys in his ' \Vorkeg.' 
1G29 (p. "jyj). «|>eak8 of "a woman endued witii 
manly courage and carriage.''] 

"But if what Vanitie will eggo Ihee voto, thou 
•halt be poor*. "—P. 236. 

" What doth this poore Rogtae make here, send 
him packing, that 1 may see him no naore."— 
P. 2:». 

" I am nob so deeperate aa to oast my selfe 
wilfully nwiiy, when as I may sleepe iu a whole 
skinne. '— P. 'J47- 

" \\'lien she« [neliliih] had Iier pur|>ose she cared 
not a pin for hiu>."— P. 277. 

"But he [.Shiniei] no sooner saw him [ David 1 die 
frntn lerusolem halfe naked, and with one snooe 
olFlos they say) and another on." — P. 277 

" ' Art iKou greater than otar Father lacob "!' said 
the Samnritane woman ; calling lacob Father, as 
long as the lewes power and proa)ieritie lasted ; but 
no sooner downe the wind, but they wind their 
uei;ke!i out of the coller, acknowledging neither 
fricniUhip nor kindred." — P. 277. 

" And as the Cuufih of the lunt;^ is eased with a 
clap on the back, so is the sinners heart, when 
8iuDe hammers vpou it."— P. 270. 

"Hughim in her amies, and spred out the lappeb 
of her garment for him."— P. 2H5. 

" A Rogue that hath neuor a »hoo to his foot, nor 
a rag to his tayle."— P. 291. 

"For if the Douill be still pulling him [the- 
preacher] by the sleeue. what bikhI crop caa be 
render vnto God, of his Hearers?"— P. 29a. 

"They whip a young theefe for stealing but ten 
Royals, and let a greater scape scot-free."— P. 2!)!); 

" Herod desired to see our fSauiour Christ, but he 
would not step a foot out of doorea to looke after 
him."— P. ;f23. 

"The Nozarits would not wagge a jot, to goe see 
our Sttuiour Christ, hauing so short a iournev as. 
they had to make.'— P. .125. 

" It vexed the Prophet, and made him grow 
wearie of them, that sitting luKJaig on their taylea 
at home in their houses, they should send to know 
hia mind."— P. .Ti.'). 

"Being in that great danger aa thou art. doost 
thou stand off, dooat thou haiig tailo, and wilt not 

make a little tnore to come vnto thy Sauiour' " 

P. 32.5. 

" Many men are like vnto your Ferrets or your 
Bloudhounds. they go nosing and hunting after 
faults in other mens grounds."— P. .338. 

" Vet when their wttaare thus a wooll-iralherini'. * 
—P. ■XiS. » h- 

"Where that nose is taken to l)e somewhat of 
the longest, which goes nosing and renting after 
other naena liues aiad actions : and that of the 
shortest, which quiokely takei snufle.nnd frets and 
fumes at the waggiiag of a Feather"— P. 3.39. 

''The Horse that carrieth hiniselfo well and 
liandaonaely with one bridle, it ia neeiUesse lo clBr> 
two."-P. 339. 

" It is lost labour to correct a Scorner, and such a. 
one as makes but a sport k, Mayeame of ain." — 
P. .110. 

"Lucian saylh, that our hart is a while, ormarke 
whereat shafts be shot." — P. 341. "He tliat 

foueraies, must fix his eye vjion this White." — 
'. 59*. 

*' And allieit the washing of the hands was a 
verie light fault, yet one little ond another littlo 
comes in the end toaiiakea naickle."— P. ,137. 

" He l>eeinR appointed by God to punish Adul- 
terers & Muidrers, they might lint tit him in the 
te«th."— P.358. "Notwithstandingall thisAbsalon 
titteth him in the teeth."— P. 424. 

"With this deceit he [.Jacob] grieued both his- 
father and his brother, but he was puid at letigtb 
in his owne coyne."— 1*. .%'l. 

"Thou sneezest, bee that in next vnto thee puts of- 
bis Imt, not that that does hinder tiiy farther 
sneezing, but because it ia a Tradition, and a 
receiued customs so to do."— P. .Kio. 

" Of those that weare one of Linsey-woolsic."— 
P 36--.. 

"Their conscience was a verie Uung-mixeti, 
they were faire without, but foule withiia."— 

P. :Mn. 

"For that the people were much affectionod to 
this outward asperousnesse and strict - seeming, 
course of life. '—P. 387. 

" Abhorring her former lewd life, shee turned ouer 
a new leafe "— P. lOO. 

"But the truth is, that Walls haue eyes aa weUi 
as esres."— P. 415. 

" Others stickt not to aiy, tSe WMtkett Btill gOM 
to the wall.'"- P. 417. 



NOTES AND QUEUIES. [lo'* s. v. ?«,. w. laoe. 

'■ The one sought to pioke a hole in hia [Christ's] 
<3oat viwn sunie quirke and quillet of the Law."— 
P. 4-'0. 

" Viion a Prince, or the PrineeaFuHourite, they 
will make no bonea to bestow some great and cost I y 
Present, but (trudge to ofFer vp to Ciod a poore 
liUHKer-stariietl Larnbe,— P. 431. 

"Of much to make a little, is euery dayes prac- 
tise; for your Oookes and Manciples know how to 
•licke their owne Jingers." — P. 439. 

'' The world is a Cosiuer and a Cheater, it 
.promiseth nioiintaines of Kold, but perforinelh 
nioleliiils of nifles."— P. 443. 

•'The lust sltal hauo their food good cheape.' — 
P. 444. 

" Hut some one will say. How can I want, or bee 
in need, if 1 keepe my fruits safe vnder looke and 
key r"— P. 444. 

" Riches that are ill gollon, flie vp to Gods 
tribunall seat, and tlierc like so many tiscalls or 
bitsie Attornies accuse tiieo for an vniust possessor 
of iheui."— P. 4j(i. [Tiiis ijuutation vividly recalls 
Sir Henry Taylor's Injautiful lines in his 'Isaac 
■Cumnenus' (Act III. sc. iii.): — 

Words though from earth with wiuga the'y fly 

Yet iierish not nor lose themselvos in space, 
But bend their course towards eternity, 
And roo&L bencalii tlic jiidi;nient-seat of God.] 

"There is a new kind of tyranny nowadayes, he 
that sells, wraps and wrinRS all lie canvnto him, 
but returnea nolhini; ; lakes all but Riuea not a 
-dadkin to the poore."— P. 407. 

" And of Demosthenes, That he would Scotch 
and notch liis liayre crosse-wayes, that he might 
koepo iu for three uiouetlis together, and follow his 
study."-P. 4til. 

"Thoujrh ye have lien amongst tl«o Triueta nml 
blackest Pots of Kgvpt."'— P. 4<jt5. 

" Am? at continuall oddcs with my sclfe from top 
to toe."-P. 5ii. 

"Knights of the Post to lie asid sweare." — 
P. .■■>il. 

''Penitence must rent the sailes wherewith Ihon 
Uiilest in this world with the wind in tlie noupe." 
-P. otiO. 

"For if Palam be to publish a thing openly, ond 
not lo doe it in hugger-iniiggcr."— P. r>&5. 

" It ware a great lusinesse and foiilo slutlifulnesao 
in vs not to take occasion by the forotop.'" — P. 576. 

"One Klias consumed with tire, Ahal>s Ijuin- 

Jiuagenariau C'aptaines, and their aouldiors." — 
>. utr2. 

" There is not that meere Politilian or Statesman, 
that is not desirous to slee()e in a whole skin, and 
to looke well ennuf^h to hnnselfe for one, without 
thrusting himselfo nito quarrels and couteutious 
for points of l{«ligion." — P. 593. 

"The King (said they) InUh the reiwrt of a good 
honest gentleman, but that the State was tieuer 
worse guuerned than now, for it is senied by the 
greediest and the gripingest Ministers that were iu 
the world."- P. 6IU. 

"The people making a confused noyae. the 
TrnmpBts send forth a hoarse voice, the drums a 
dead sound, Ihetheeucs go cheeke by iolo close to 
our Sauiors side, the iryem lift vp their voyces. 
and ball out aloud."— P. G42. 

A. S. 

(.: ROUND. 
[CoiteliuUd from p. liS. ) 
Bdt it is in itu lii^toric couiiexiona tlia 
lie the most interftxtitig a«g(x'iatioa8 ol 
tlie olil dockyard at Eiigli»,!i Harbour. Wha 
can say what those records atiiJ entries 
of tiie last century and a quarter could un 
fold ? I have be«ii itiforined that tlie A«J-^ 
miralty lian recently rcmoveil these recunis 
to headquarters at Bermuda, owing to their 
having been so mutilated hy auU>gra|>fi 
liunters, ike, in search of nampji iike HiMiuey, 
NeLson, and other bygone heroes of Kng- 
land's naval glory, l^ere, to<j, occurred wliat 
at the time wa.s believed loV)eibe ver>- hrut&l 
killing of Lieut. Peterson, of ll.M H. I*er- 
drix. by Lord Camelford, in command of 
H.>{.S. Favourite, in 1798, whicli has been 
well told by tl>e nuthor of ' Antigua and 
(Ite Aiitiguans,' at p. 275 of the first Yolurae. 
The work-in two volumes, was jmblished io 
1844, and is said now to be ver}' scarce. 

From her account wc learn .^ iliiputo 
took place between the two • -. xo 

which of them was the senior. '<. ison 

declining to execute a coinnianri given him 
by Lord Caraelford, and jjersisLing in hi.« 
refusal, was instantly shot dea<l by hia 
lord.ship, who, it being u time of war. viewed 
the refusal a.san act of mutiny whicii justi&ed 
death. The event created a great stir at the 
time, and public feeling itl Antigua ran high 
in favour of the deceased officer, who was 
quite a youth and a member of a good family 
in Nevis. 

But as Mrs. Lanaghan states, this circum- 
stance waij not the only one t!mt CAui«ed the 
name of Lord Camelford to be well known in 
Antigua. It appearH that ho had required 
the local superintendent of the dockyatd, 
Mr. Kitto, to do something which the fatter 
declined to do, as he con8i<]ere<l it " bf^voud 
Ids warrant" ; whereupon his ii :,ip 

had him strung up and two U' nea. 

administered. For this illegal and braUl 
conduct a complaint was laid against Lord 
Camelford, and he was suinmone<J tn appear 
at the very (Jourt House in St. Juhn'it in 
which it is now my duty freqaeutly lo 

But Ix)rd Camelford did not wait to meet 
his accusers, and effected his escape on 
horseback, but was recapture*] in his en- 
deavour U-) regain his ship at F.ngUsh Har 
hour, some twelve inileji distant. On Iwing 
brought back to the Court House, and. in the 
words of Mr.s. Lanaghan, wlio i,'ri,t.l.;.-,,ny 
deacribea the wliole scene, " phv i a 

horae, bare - headed, aurrouipi* lie 

fm. 10. 1906.1 NOTES AND QUERIES. 


ofiiciiila, and followed by all the riffraft' of 
fit, John's and its environs," he was ordered 
to find bail for his appearance at the next 
■sessions, iho amount of his recognizancea 
being 5,0(j()l. This substantial sum did not, 
however prevent hini from again breaking 
Ids bond, for having drawn bills to the 
amount of his recognizances, so as to protect 
his sureties from loss (to his credit be it saiii), 
he proceeded on board liis ship and quitted 

In one of the old record books kept in the 
Court {{ou9e at St. John's occurs an entry of 
the indictment presented against the Right 
Hon. Thomas Pitt, Lord Camclford, liaron 
of Boc'oniioc in the county of Cornwall, and 
Jame<) Brown, in the old Court of King's 
Bench and Grand Sesiions of the Peace held 
for the island of Antigua at St. John's on 
25 Sept., 1708. for conspiring to assault and 
asMulting George *' Kittoe,' Esouirc. A 
true bill having been found by the grand 
jury, and neither of llie accused appearing 
when "calletl out," "their proctor," Mr. 
Horsford, Ntate<] that thej' wers absent on 
the king's service, and the indictment was 
ordered to be "continued over" to tlie next 
sessions. A later entry in the same volume 
shows that the case was proceeded with on 
25 March, 1T!>!>, when, as neither of the de- 
fendants appeareti when ''called out," their 
recognizances were, on the motion of Mr. 
Burke, H M.'tf Solicitor General, ordered to 
be «'«tlreated, those of Lord Camelford being 
himsL'lf in 3,000/. and two sureties in l.r)fiO/. 
Tho-iP for Brown were 200/. and 100/. re- 

Of course lyml Camelford was tried by 
court-martial for killing Lieut. Peterson. 
An account of the matter appears in 'The 
Annual ICegister ' for ITOR, on p. 10 of the 
•Chronicle' section. A letter received from 
Antigua is there printed, containing par- 
ticulars very similar to those given by Mrs. 
Lanaghan in her book, but adding tliat 
during the dispute a dozen of Peterson's 
men froto the Perdrix had come uparme<J, 
and that fjord Camelford had brought up 
half tiH mariy of his marines. It further 
stated that Lord Camelford gave himself up 
as a prisoner U> Capt. Neatson, of the 
Beaver slooo of war, in whic-li ship he was 
carrietl to the admirMl in P'ort Iloyal Bay, 
and there tried and acquitted. Two of 
IlBteraon's brolheni were slated to be in 
Antigua, collecting evidence for the purjK)se 
of Mf'finsi what could he <iotio against Lord 
^ in a civil court of justice. The 

c< iiquest on Mr. Peterson brought in 

a veniict of *' Lost hi« life in a tnatiny." 

Fort Royal Bay was in Martinique, which 
had then been captured from the French, and 
the sentence of the court martial full}' Itore 
out Lord Camelford's action and the verdict 
of the coroner's jury. It stated that it was 

"unanimously of otiinion that the very extra- 
ordinary and nianjfesb disobedieDco of Lieut. 
Pelersoa, both l>eforc at the instant of liia death, 
to ihe lawful ordera of Lord Camelford, the senior 
otficcr at English Harbour at thnt lime, and the 
violent measures taken by Lieut. Peterson to re- 
sist the iMinie by arminji the Pordrix'e ship Roni- 
pany, were acts of muliny iiisldy iDJnrioua to the 
(iiaciplino of his Majesty's service. The Court do 
ihcreforn niianimnnsly adjudge that the Right 
Honourable Lord Camelford be honourably ac- 
quitted, and he is hereby unanimously and honour- 
ably acquitted accordinRly." 

What Lord Camelford's ultimate fate was, 
is, I believe, doubtful. I have seen it stated 
somewhere that he was killed in a duel in 
Barbados; but I have been recentlyinformed 
by the Hon. A. W. Holmes A'Court. wlio now 
fills Mr. Kitto's place, that Lord Camelford, 
who had gone to Switzerland, was followed 
thither by a brotlier of Peterson's, w|jo, 
having picked a quarrel with him, shot him 
in a duel. By a curious coincidence Mr. 
A'Court tells me that on a recent visit to 
Bermuda lie saw in a local paper an adver- 
tisement or notice asking for information 
relative to the burial-place of Lord Camel- 

Mr. A'Court, who has recently retired 
from the office of .SuperintoniJent of Public 
Works in Antigua, should feci quite at home 
in charge of this fine old naval yard, for h© 
is the great- nephew of that Admiral A'Courfc 
—younger brother of the first Lord Heytes- 
bury — who as a midshipman of H..M.S. 
Blanche cruising off St. Domingo in Novem- 
ber, 1803, earned great di.sLincttou for him- 
self by cutting out (assisted only by seven 
.seamen and one marine) a French armed 
sctiooner lying becalmed, having on board 
half a dozen guns and forty soldiers besidea 
tier crew ; but. notwithstanding the wJda 
against him, A'Court carried the schooner in 
triumph to the Blanche. This almost in- 
credible .story is well told in a recent number 
of The Windsor M(tfj(i:ine, and shows what 
kind of spirit actuated British seamen in the 
days of the great hero the centenary of 
whose death has just been celebrated all 
over tho world. J. S. Udal, F.S.A. 

Antigua, W.I. 

OuiKKAS.— All the lexicographers appear 
to agree that guinea— the name of the gold 
coin, first coined in England in 1603— ia 
derived from the place- aam« CiMSsvesb-, >5c».^ 



NOTES AND QUERIES. [\^ s. v. f«. lo. 190a. 


'Country whence the gold of which tliey were 
made was ubtaitied. I do not know whether 
it ha<4 been previously noted anywhere that 
^old coin9 of ahnu^t precisely the name name 
were in circulation in Gascony in the four- 
teenth century. In Madox'i^ ' Baronia 
Anglica' (London, 1741), on p. 159 (noted), 
I find the following : — 

"Sacheiit louz, que Mons. Gualhard de Durcf- 
fourt, Seigneur de Daraa et de Blani]uatfi>urt, 
•d receu del Honore et Sige Sire Moua. 

-Johan Guedeneye. Coneatable de Burdeaux 

quatorae Kuianois aoiir, et dya soudz de la inoii[ayeJ 
curraut a Birrdeux, de laquiele somrae le dit 
SeJKueur da Duraa se confesse pleinement eatre 
paiez et ledit Coneslablo ent quitea, ])er cestea pre- 
aentea seeles de son aeol le xii. jour du raoia de 
Koveitibre I'an de grace mil ccc quatre xx et aept." 

I suppose these French guineas derived 
their name from Guienne, of which duchy 
Bordeaux wa-s the capital, and the King of 
England sovereign duko. The similarity of 
the names of those two gold coins (nnnted, 
one in England, and the other in the King 
of England's duchy three hundred years 
previously) is curious, and seems worth 
uotiug in ' X. Jc Q.' VY. C. Holland. 

'* Marmor" and the Sea in Latin Poets. 
— Mr. E. S. Dodgson mentions approvingly 
(10"^ S. iv. 373) a suggention that " the reason 
wi)y the Romans called the sea marmor was 
because the surface of the sea often presents 
6. streakiness resembling the markings of 
marble." The suggestion is interesting and 
ingenious, but improbable. The root mean- 
ing seems to be "gleam," "shine' ; Greek 
fiap/Lapos, napfiaipio, to shine. Mtirtn-or, then, 
is the white, shining stone. The bright, 
sparkling appearance is the property of the 
eea which would be most prominent to 
niediterrancan peoples like the Greeks and 
Romans. The Latin poets, from Ennius 
<lown, no doubt deriveu the use of iiuirnior 
for the sea from the Ilomeric expression 
u\o /xapfiapirjv (' II.,' xiv. 273). The epithet is 
also used by classical Greek writers of bright 
metallic objects, stars, and eyes, so that 
there can be no question that, as used of the 
eea, it must be taken in the same sense, viz., 
" sparkling, gleaming." Alex. Leeper. 

Triaily College, University of Melbourne. 

Dek.kkr'8 'Sweet Conte.vt.'— In 1873 the 
works of Thomas Dekker, " now first collected 
with illustrative notes and a memoir of the 
autlior,^" were published by John Pearson, 
York btreet, (Jovent Garden, London. The 
writer of the memoir discusses the anony- 
raous play 'The Comedie of Patient Grissil,' 
which appeared in 1603, and is traditionally 
-♦tributod to the joint authorship of Dekker, 

Haughton, and Chettle. He expresiies the 
belief that his author's hand is discernible in 
the drama, while excluding it from the re- 
presentative works on the ground of insuffi- 
cient evitience. He is disposed, however, to 
believe that the lyric ' Sweet Content * and 
the 'Lullabio Song' were both Dekker'*, and 
justifiably quotes them on that assumption. 
Headers of the late Prof. I'algrave's ' Golden 
Treasury ' have the former dainty and melo- 
dious gem presented to tiiem under the 
somewhat arbitrary title 'The lla^ppy Heart,' 
its opening lines arranged as foUow^s : — 

Art thou poor, yet hast thou golden slumbers? 

O aweet content '. 
Art thou rich, yet la thy mind perplcx'd? 

(J puniahment ! 
Dost thou Ungh to see how foola are ves'd 
'i'o add to KoluoD numbera, tjolden numbers! 
• ) sweet content ! aweet, sweet content ! 

If one may judge from the reprint io 
Dekker's 'Dramatic Works' jnst specified, 
the text thus given misrepresents the 
original and mars the rhythm by contracting 
the words " perplexed " and " vexeil." the 
value of the final syllable in each case being 
ignored. It is not uncommon at present to 
hear the editorial and critical work of the 
late Prof. Henry Morloy depreciated, but in 
this connexion, at any rate, he showed taste 
and discrimination. In the volume of 
* Shorter English Poems' which he prepared 
for UasselPs "Library of English Literature," 
he included Dekker's exquisite lyric, appro- 
priately calling it 'Sweet Content,' and 
placing an accent over the final syllable of 
" perplexed " and " vexed ' to indicate their 
Elizabethan character. This should be done 
in the ' Golden Treasury.* 

Thomas Bayne. 

TowNLEY House, Ramscate.— Tho follow- 
ing paragraph appeared in The Maidtionf 
Gazette of 23 September, 1823 :— 

" Raniagate, ^eiiteniber ISlh. — The Duchca o( 
Kent gave a ftrand Ball on Tuesday eveuiiiK at h«r 
residence, Towuley liouae, on which occasion the 
lawn in front of the drawing-room was most hril- 
liaully iHuniinated with Venetian and variegaleil 
lamps. The excellent band of the 15th HassArswaa 
stationed in front of the house, and plnycd variouii 
pieces as the company arrived. The ballroom wan 
moat elegantly fitted up with artili<Ma! flowers. 
Worppera quadrille I ' .ted 

everyone by their clii ins 

commenced at ten o .. -.., — - .., „_> did 

not separate until nearly three o'clock in tte 

Soon after the period when t)ie Ducliew oC 
Kent and, as a child, our Queen Victoria re- 
sided there^ Townley House became a scoii- 
nary for young ladies kept by the Mimm 
Hogsdesh. One is not surpri^ to ftad tli«t 

10- 8. V. fkd. 10, 1900.J NOTES AND QUERIES. 


so peculiar a name was altered to Hofilech. 
(I am not quite sure as to the precipe spelling 
of this.) 

That hintorio houiie still stands in Chatham 
{Street, Ilarasgate, and it )>as often been a 
matter of wonderment to me that walls which 
have sheltered a future Queen of England 
should have had no commemorative tablet 
athxed to mark so interesting an event. It 
is a picturesque old place, and might well be 
thus suitably honoured. Cecil Clabke. 

St. Expbditos. — Something has already 
been said about the vaguenes.s which sur- 
rounds his hisUiry (8"" S xii. 425). I hear 
from Paris that ho is about to be de- 
canonized. Further particulars are desirable. 

W. C. B. 

Stevenson's 'New Ababfan Nights'— la 
ray * Bibliography of Robert Louis Steven- 
son,' \903, p. 18, 1 pointed out that tho end- 
papers of the earliest issue of vol. i. were 
yellow, but that in vol. ii. and in later 
issues of vol. i. they were of a conventional 
leaf design, printed in warm grey and white. 
A careful examination has revealed another 
point which differentiates the earliest issue 
of vol. 1., first edition, from later issues. For 
some reason or other, tlie original quarter- 
fiheer, consisting of pp. .5, G, 1), and 12, was 
cancelled and reprinted. In tho original 
there is no signature at the foot of p, 5, but 
in the reprint will be found "Vol. I. *B 3." 
The type is also slightly thicker than in the 
earliest issue. It may also be noted that in 
this issue the leaf S 8 was cancelled, whereas 
in later issues it was preserved and the 
publishers' device printed in centre of recto, 
as in vol. i. of the second edition. These de- 
tails appear very trilling, but amateurs of 
first editions may consider them important. 


Wk miut r«<]tieit curreapoodenta desirin|{ in- 
formation oil family inattflr* of only private iiitereat 
toatlix their iiaiiifiH and ad<ireN«e8 to their (j^iierieB, 
io order lliat wiawers may be aeut to them direct. 

"Prp." — This word, in the sense of "seed 
of an apple" or the like, appears to be of 
very recent formation in English. I have 
Dot found it in any dictionary l)efore 1818, 
when To<ld has it as "A kernel in an apple. 
So children call them." In other words, it 
appears to have been known to Totid only as 
a nurserv word for tho literary English 
pij^>ftin. It was unknown to Webster in l82B. 
Piji was, however, actaally used by fruit 

growers somewhat earlier, for in a work of 
1802, Forsyth 'On Fruit Trees,' chap, vi., 
I find mention of "tlie pip or seed of the 
golden pippin." I shall be glad if any reader 
of * N. ii Q.' can send us an earlier example 
of '*pip," or reference for it, in this sense. 
Books on apples, pears, or other fruit might 
be usefully .searched. Please to note that we 
do not want pip in any other sense. Thero 
are at least two other English words of the 
same form, viz., pij), the name of a disease 
to which ciiiokens especially are liable, and 
pip, one of the spots on dice, dominoes, or 
cards ; also a spot on the skin, and one 
corotla of a clustered flower, as a cowslip 
ptp. These are much older words, and infor- 
mation about them is not wanted. 

J. A. H. Murray. 

"Pious founder." — Where, when, or of 
whom was this appellation first used I Good 
quotations for it are wanted. 

J. A. H, Murray. 

TiiE Waterloo C.^mpaicn. — The letter 
printed below never reached its addressee, as 
the steamer carrying it went down to tho 
bottom of the sea, and was raised only last 
year. Books and papers found therein were 
btmglit by a Berlin bookseller, from whom a 
private gentleman acquired the letter in 
question. The jiaper is in a remarkably 
good state of preservation. Tho letter runs 
thus ; — 

Calcot Park, near Readiug, 
Nov. 21), \im. 

YoCR ExcEi.r^KScv,— I have takeit the liberty of 
ordering my bookselltr t« lend you a little book 
written on the campaign of 1815 by a brother 
pflicer. I believe it is the most iiiiparUal account 
ever written of that celebrated caiiiiiaiKn, and it ia 
certaiuly the only one in the Knglijjri innguage iJiat 
cioca justice to our noble and gallant allies, Marnlml 
Blucher and hia brave army I dare aay,^ however, 
that your Evcellencv has already read it ; should 
such bo the case, I alill hoixj you will deem it 
worthy of a place in your library. Since my re- 
turn to England 1 have had great pleasure in 
teati Tying to the niagniticence of your noble 
army, particularly of your suiicrb infantry, 
and also to the iirincoJy LogpiialiLy, courteous- 
neas, and good will shown to us as Krinlish oliicer*. 
No matter in what part of the world duty may call 
me, India, China, Australia, or Canada, 1 shall still 
think of the pleasant time I i)aased in Sept«mber, 
ItWO, with the Pruasian 7th Corps ci'Ariiu-^ and 
with your Kxcollency at the Palace of Miinster. 

I beg to be remembered most kindly to Lady 
Zaatrow, and remain your Excellency's humble 
aeivant, , „ ,, . 

Talbot Ashley Cox, Major. 

H.B.M. '2nd Bat. 3rd Regt. ("The Buffs"). 

Tho intended receiver was General von 
Zastrow, commanding the 7th PruRs\a.w 'i^'cv* 
in 18«9, and residvift% «.\. ■S\.\vtv%\A«A'a^ >^«**- 


NOTES AND QUERIES. no** a. v. Feb. lo. laoe. 

phalia. He (iistitiguis)ieci himself in the 
Franco German Wai-, which broke out eight 
months after the above letter was written. 
What wa.s the writer's later life? Is he still 
in the land of the living ( What is the title 
of the book he alludes to I 

G. Kkueger. 

Sterne and Joiixsok at "thk Chesiurk 
Cheese "—I have a faint remembrance of 
seeing an autograph letter of Sterne's 
exposed for sale in a shop in Cranbourn 
Street, LeiceHter Square, in which Sterne 
•says he met Johnson and another (1 am not 
certain wljether Goldsmith or Buswell) in 
"the Ofd Chesfiiro Cheese'" Tavern in Wine 
Office Court, Fleet Street. 

The probability that the Iraditionsof this 
ancient house are correct is very strong, 
but the finding and publication of .such a 
letter by a contennwrary writer would place 
the matter beyotui dispute. PerhapH an 
inquiry iji your valuable paper may lead 
those who are ir] the posiession of Sterner 
unpubliMlied letters to reail them carefully 
for this fact. 

That the tavern existed within twenty 
yards of the place where Gol(bruith wrote 
'The Vicar of VVakefield.'utid was not visited 
by him and Ids companions, and tliat such a 
tempting bill of fare existed and was un- 
known to such "good livers," passes ray 
compreheuHion. But Uoswell h silent upon 
the Bubject, and we want evidence. 

W. Lewis Reid. 

ioO, Crcen Lanes, N. 

AuTiioiis OK Quotations Wanted.— Are 
the following lines by Browning or liyron ; 
and iu which poem do they occur? 

In there never a cliirtk in tlie world above 
WJiere thoy lislen lo words from below T 

Edward Latham. 

Can any reader give mo a reference for the 
lines that run something like this?— 

\\ ho ha.« a voice like Ihiue 

To fniter fonli u sorrow? 
I>(Mil ilijnk mat] would go mad without a groan, 

H«(l do the uieAnB to Uirrow 
A itiiioic lik« Uiine own ! 

li. L. 

Kwo: JoAcuiK Cardoza. — Can any of 
your r»}aders give me information with i-e- 
ganl to Mr. Joseph King, a picturesque 
figure in Nelson's wars? Mr. King was a 
bpaniard, his real name being Joachin Car- 
?" v^^ served a.s a "first-class volunteer" 
under Nelson, and besides the grant of a 
house and land at Gibraltar for his services 

to the English Government, he received a 
pension for two lives as u reward for a con- 
spicuously gallant act. He also was pre- 
«ented with a piece of plate by Luni 
St. Vincent for saving a solifr' ' '' at the 
risk of his own. Nelson in : : letters 

speaks of him as being a " n ' and 

as a "friend" of his. Mr. K lo chief 

constructor at Pembroke Dui..,.. He had 

two sons, William and Richard, buth of whom 
were commanders in the royai uavv. I 
should be glad of any facts concerning them. 

«. S. 

'Ckntury of Persian Ouazels,' 1851.— 
Is it known who was the author of a charm- 
ing little book published in IH5\ under tbe 
title 'A Century of I'ersian Ghatols, from 
Unpublished Diwans ' ? This must not bo 
confused with Samuel Robinson's ' C-enlury 
of Ghazel.x,' 1875, which appears to be a 
totally different work. Any information aa 
to the identity of the author will be very 
welcome. Jam. Platt, Jun. 

Laconic Lbttebs. — I am making a collec- 
tion of laconic letters, typitietl by the famous 
correspondence between Rich, the theatrical 
manager, and Quin, the actor ; *' Dear Quin. 
I am at Bath." " Dear Rich, Stay there and 
l>e damned." If any readers of ' N. »k Q.' can 
help me to similar pithy correspondence I 
sImU be very much nbliged. 

2, Pumi^ Court, Middle Teniide. K C. 

Dublin Records. — Can any reader of 

*N. Jc Q.' oblige me with the narae of a 
trustworthy searcher at the Record Office, 
Dublin ? Please reply direct. 

P. Rkpvoxdi. 
Erzsebel Korut, l.i, HixiApeat, Hungry. 

Oxford University Yoi.lntekiis. — Art 
these volunteers, which were in existence at 
the end of the eighteenth century arid the 
begirming of the nineteenth, mentioned in 
any memoirs or other books on Oxford ? 
Jackson's 'Journal' and the Record Office 
provide a good many facts about the two 
corps preceding that now in existence, which 
I wish to supplement from other sourccjj. 

S. T. S. 

Tatrams Likk of Blake.— Can you or 
any of your readers oblige me wilb infor- 
mation as (o a ]>ife of William Rlnke written 
by (I think) a Mr. C. Tatham ! If I reraeoo- 
l»er aright, Swinburne and Gilchrist quote 
from this work in their essays '" .'.c. 

Has this work ever been pu "r 

privately printed ? or where may lUv wi i^uial 

w* 8. v.i-tn-iu. 1000.3 NOTES AND QUERIES, 


MS. be consulted 1 If Tatliam Unew BUko 
personally {ah I gatliec w&s the case), hi^ 
statement!! as to the artist ;i career should 
possess great authority ; yet 1 do not find 
this work of Tatliam's among the list of his 

fiublications in the British iMuseum Cata* 
o^ue, either under his own name or that of 
William Blake. P<?rhap8 some of your 
readers who are Rtudents and lovers of 
Blake may be in a position to supply me 
with the desired information. 

Chablotte Mowbkay. 

Erne-st Augu.stus STEPHENaoN. — I ha%'e 
in my possession a miniature painted on 
ivory, and at the back is written the above 
name and date June I7th 1822. I should bo 

flad of any particulars of himself or his 
aniily. I'lease renly direct. E. Maiitin. 
The Cottft}{e, Weatliape, Craven Arms, 

Passow's Orrrk-German' Lexicon. —Can 
any reader of * N. i Q.' say what progress is 
being made in the preparation of Dr. \V. 
Cronert's new edition of Passow's great Greek- 
German lexiooti ? Has any volume or part 
of it yet appeared ] KoM Ombo. 

Novel: Title Wantei>.— Will any one 
kindly tell mo the title of a book in which 
the heroine leads a double life— at one time 
an angel of virtue and beauty in her father's 
parish, and the next minute leading the life 
of the most notorious woman in Paris. She 
is red-haired, and the local squire says he 
does not believe in such a combination as 
"red hair antl the Bible." Her father is a 
dipsomaniac who claims descent from the 
Stuarts. R. M. Ross. 


Samoel Williams, Draughtsman. — Is 
there any published portrait of this excellent 
artist and engraver on wood (1788-18&3). 

W. Sandfokd. 

Jevkys, Little JonN.Jtc— In the fifteenth- 
nnitury Cornish miracle play 'Beunans 
Mi3i iiisek ' is a cleric who assists a quack 
doctor in a scene of vulgar clowning. This 
worthy is callc<l " bakcheler Jenkyn."' I 
have before me an old manuscript acting 
copy of the Corni'sli Christmas play (alas! 
not now performed) of *St George.' In this 
ooe of the comic characters comes on the 
the Htage with ihe words :— 
I{«re cotiies I, little man John, with a sword in my 

And if Aiiy utTdiid me I will make him to stand. 

This "little John" appears to have been 
the doctor's assistant hei"e also. 

In *Tho Sidpman's Prologue' in 'The 
Canterbury Tales ' the boat addresaes the 

parson, "O Jenkin, be ye there 1 1 smell 

a loller in the wind." 

Referring to the play of 'St. George' (in 
spite of verbal variatton.s, evidentlj' the 
same play as in my MS.), W. S. in 77t« 
O'entleni'tn s Moijazine for June, 1830, speaks 
of " the doctor, who is generally the Merry 
Andrew of the piece." 

Is this Use of the name Jenkyn or Little 
John traditional ? I sliould be grateful for 
any instances of it elsewhere. Robin Hood's 
Little John was merry, but certainly not a 
vulgar clown, as are those in the twoCornisfi 

In the same play of 'St. George,' where 
most of the dialogue is very straightforward, 
we suddenly encounter a burst of poetry, 
though it is not divided into lines : — 

"Hark! hark! wlmt souud invades mv earal 
The conquerora apjjrofcch ; I hear — "tig Hoiirv'a 
march, 'li» Henry's tnne. I know he conies, lie 
cornea victorious). Heury comes, with hautboiB, 
trunuiets, fifes and drnnin. Send from afar and 
Bound of war [•*(>]. Full of Kfief and every wind 
from walk to walk, from shude to «liade, from 
stream to pooling etreani onnveyed, through all the 
niin^IioK of the Krove, through all the tningliiii; 
tracKB of love, luriiuiK, burnin);, changing, ranging, 
full of grief and full of woe, inipatienl from [Mor] 
my lord' a returu.." 

Can any reader of ' X. «fc Q.' help me to 
the correct words \ I have had to modify 
the spelling of the extract, as the original is 
rudely phonetic, the opening line, e.^/., being 
" Hark hark wot sounding vads my ears the 
conquars a porch,"' and so on. There is no 
point of any kind in the entire MS., and the 
tiames of the characters are not indicated, 
but only those of the performers. Penty 
Landin, &c., except one " William Williams, 
King of Egipt." Yoek . 

Spixola's Whale.— 'The Whigs' Lamenta- 
tion,' 1683, speaks of Sptnola's whale, that 
should have been " Siir'd to have drown'd 
London by .snutKng up the Thames and 
spouting it upon tlie City." Wliere can I 
find more information about this monster] 

L. L. K. 

Uetman : At.^man.- It is worth noting 
that the former title denoted an elective 
prince of Little Russia, while the latter was 
a cliief promoted on account of superior 
courage and skill in battle. The last ketman 
wa.H Count Razumovsky, a favourite of the Elizabeth. The famous Platov, who 
haras.sed Napoleon's troops during the re- 
treat from Moscow in 1812, and accompanied 
his imperial master (Alexander I.) on a visit 
to England, is often erroneously descrilwd 
aa hitman by hiatoriatiH, 'w'lx^i^eBA \\«!> 'w** 




NOTES AND QUERIES. HO' s. v. fkh. lo. ima? 

nftinvin. The title still exists, but I believe 
htts lost much of its imnortancp. 

We have heaid lately of knia: and ita 
deteriorated meaning. I have read of a gang 
of labourers working under a /chan. Shades 
of Qenghis and Hulagu ! 

Francis P. Maechast. 

Streatham Common. 


Could anybody suggest some parallels to the 
following portmanteau words and phrases, 
that is to say, words and phrases formed by 
compromise of two similar or synooymous 
ones? — 

" Preot "=pretty + Hweet. 

" Chortle ' =cliuckle-t- snort. 

" Mobus"=motor+omnibus. 

" He h the greatest of any man " (of all-|- 
greater than any man). B. Kbnt. 

Dutch Ehu'hany Custom.— On tlie feast 
of the Epiphany a special kind of bre^d i.? 
made. In it is burieii a bean, and the person 
•who gett the bean has to treat the bouse. 
Can any reader of ' N. i Q.' give the origin 
of this curious custom, and the meaning ? 
Andrew Oliv'kr. 

' Poems ov Early Years.'— A lady of ray 
acquaintance has a small volume or poetry, 
which wa.s given her by the late Sir John 
Simon, F, 11 S., to whom it was presented by 
tlio autlior. Unfortunately, Sir Joljn omitted 
to tell my friend the author's name, wliicli 
she is very anxious to know. It will not be 
found ill AHibone or airy of the ordinary 
works of reference. The book is a thin octavo 
volume, with tlie following title page: — 

" Poems j of I Early Years [ in I Vino Cimiileta | 
By n Wrangler | of Trin. Coll. Until. M.A. | 
Loudon I WriUiam PickeritiK | 1S5I." 

Somo Cambridge correspondent of 'N. AQ,' 
may perhaps be able to favour me with the 
name of the autiior. W. F. Prideau.n. 

Vamphokn.— Could any of your readers 
give me information about the vamphorn — 
at what period it was used, and if it was 
plaj-ed for tlie benefit of village choirs ? It 
IS a tall horn shaped instrument, very liglit 
in weight. There is an ancient one to be 
seen in Ilraybrooke Church, Northampton, 
the oldest parts of which date from late 
Norman times. L. M. (Jibb. 


Lustre Ware— Could any one give in- 
formation as to the origin of lustre ware, 
uow becoming so valuable to wiUectors ? 

L. M. GiBB. 


" HOAST." 
(lO** S. V. 66.) 
Mr. Bayne does well to ca.ll attention 
this most interesting word, which i^ uut or 
known to many English dialects (see 
Dial. Diet.'), but is an old Indo Oermat 
word of untold antiquity. It is well kno\ 
to philologists as affording a goo<l exaiai 
of the development of the initial Inoo- 
Germanic 7, which is repre«ente</ by i in 
Sanskrit, Irish, Slavonic, and Lithuanian, 
by i> in Welsh, and by hte in Anglo-Saxon, 
eis noted by Brugmann. Tliere are two bases : 
one with short a, and one with long u 
(AS. 0). Hence we find Irish catachtLi^ 
cough ; Kuss. kathliate, to cough ; Wet 
prs-wch, a cough ; Welsh j>ds, a 
Lithuau. kds iu, I cough ; Skt. root 
cough ; A.-S. hwQS-ta, a cough ; Ger. At 
Besides these, we find A.S. ;/€-jhj», a catart 
which (as the p shows) was borrowed fr 
British, and is interesting from its use 
Cliaucer in the form jMse, and from its 
pearanco as fx>»e in modern English diale 
The o of A.-S. (le ftos is wrongly marketi 
long in Boswortii and Toller. The fiual 
in koast {A.S. /iiaos (a) ia a suflix allied 
the Idg. past particle in -tos, and doev 
belong to the root. I give pose in my ' Co 
cise Etym. Dictionary. 

Walter W. Skeat. 

In the district around the head of 
Yorkshire Calder ox<, with the o long 
open as in horse, is used by the old natit 
exclusively in the sense of cough, e.i 
whooping-cough is called "kink-ost." 

Abm. Neweli 

Ix)iigfield Ro&d, Todmorden. 

Persons hereabout and in the Midli 
speak of one with a catching in the throat J 
fionstinfi when an attempt is made to clear f 
"A boast cold " is also a common term fot 
" rusty " throat. Cattle, horses, atid es| 
cially sheep are said to hfxml when til 
cough on account of suffering from culdn. 

Thomas RaTCUFri.' 


George Douglas, in 'The House with the 
Green Shutters,' applies this wor<l to the 
cough of a person in the lastst;^ 
sumption. Frederick T. t! 

Wherever I have found this word 
dialect it has indicated a peculiar form' 
cough — a " dry " cough. In the < '• 
dialect houtt is the name given i< . j| 

(or dry part) of cunlled milk before il 

10" 8. V. Feb. 10. 1906 ] NOTES AND QUERIES. 

I straioed from the whey. Kentish neiehbourij 

I tell me that oast is Anglo-Saxon for flry. 
I H. Snowden Ward. 

^^ H*dlow, Kent, 

H "Jax Kees" (lO"- 8. iv. B09; v. 15).— 

Du. •' Kees " is short for Cornelia. A Dutch 
boy U never called^ Cornelia in full, always 
"Kees." Kits or Keeshond is also the name 
for a particular kind of dog. Thirdly, 
•' Kees " (pi. •• Keezen ") is in the history of 
the Netherlands the nickname for a political 
party. Cf. Wijnne, 'Geschiedenis van het 
Vaderland,' p. 304. Wijnno tells us that 
under Stadliolder William V. they who 
boioiige<l to tlje popular party were called 
•• patriotten " or "Keezen." tlie origin of 
the latter name is obscure. Some historians 
derive it from the hea<I of the popular party 
Cornells de Gijzelaar, one of tFie cliief 
magistrates of Dordrecht from 1779 to 1787. 
Another explanation is that the name was 
given to the party because many of them 
kept dogs called Keezen, or wore earrings 
shaped like such dogs. In the 'Woorden- 
achat,' by Taco de Beer and Laurillard (a 
work like Brewer's 'Dictionary of Phrase 
and Fable '), s.v. ' Keezen/ the nickname in 
supposed to have arisen at Delft, where 
there was at the head of the citizens' military 
club about 1783 a captain whose head pre- 
8enle<l a striking resemblance to that of a 
Kr<ithond. Hence the name of " Keezen " 
might have been given to the members of 
the club, and afterwards to the patriotic 

It may be noted that "Jan" is exten- 
sively used in Dutch in a sort of general 
way to denote a person, cj., "Jan Ilap"(th6 
mob, rabble), "Jan KIaa.ssen" (a merry- 
andrew, Jack Pudding), and "Jan " (the 
waiter at a restaurant). The combination 
"Jan Kees" would probably mean "Jan the 
son of Kees." Or in tl>is phrase kees might 
mean " cheese," as it is a dialect form of 
Du. Knan. D. v, B. 

Nijrtiegen, Holland. 

In Ticknor's 'Life,' 1876, vol. ii. chap. vii. 
p 101, is an account of Ticknor's conversation 
with J. N. A. Thierry, when the latter sug- 
gesteil that "Yankee" was from the Dutch 
"Jan," pronounced "Van," and the dimi 
Dutive hee. IlicuAUD 

BocKBFELLKR (10"' S. IV. 507).— There can 
be little doubt that the original form was 
Rockafellow— one of the several family names 
of English derivation ending in "fellow," of 
which Longfellow is the most famous, and a 
once notorious member was Stringfellow, a 


leader of the Minsouri "border ruffians'' in 
the Kansas struggle of 1854 sei]. The termi- 
nation can have nothing to do with the word 
"fellow,'' the sense "individual" being late 
and most of the prefixes incompatible ; and 
I suggest that it was originally "fallow," a 
ploughed field, forming thus one of the 
classes of farm-names which have .so enriched 
family nomenclature. Those ending with 
"■field" in English and "feld" in German; 
the " wancera " from old Gothic, as Ell- 
wanger (elves' field), Feuchtwanger (wet 
field, swampy meadow), Nicewonger (gneiss- 
wanger, granite field, rock farm, exactly 
correspondent to llocky fallow) ; and the 
Scotch or Irish names of farms, as Lochhead 
or Loughhead (corrupted to Loyd and con- 
fused with Lloyd), Craigie, «fec, will be 
remembered. Thus, LoiigfalJow would be 
the long field ; Itockyfaliow, the stony field ; 
the first element in Stringfallow I do not 
know (a narrow strip along a piece of water 
or swamp or crag ?). The change to *' fellow " 
would be easily accounted for by the English 
habit of assimilating a najne the sense of 
which is forgotten to one with a plain 
meaning; for this sense of "fallow" died 
out. FoitREST Morgan. 

Hartford, Conn., U.S.A. 

Death BIRD8 in Scotland anu Ireland 
(10"' S. iv. 530).— So far as Scotland is con- 
cerned, there is no ill-luck associated with 
the visit of a robin to a house. During 
winter storms a robin is a welcome partici- 
pant of the shelter of a Scottish cottage 
circle well known to me. Thomson's famous 
allusion— a reminiscence of his Northern 
home — contains a bright and natural view of 
such ait incident : — 

Hair afrnid, lie first 
Aftainflt the window b«ats ; then brisk alights 
Oa the warm hearth ; then, hopping o'er tnefloor, 
lilyea all the smiling family aakaiice. 

Tlie statement of O. W. that a super- 
stition of ill-luck on the subject prex'ails in 
England differs from the opinion among the 
Eoglish poets. Wordsworth's lines on ' The 
Redbreast' are full of cheerful retlecLion. 
His opening remarks are these : — 

DrivtMi in by autumn's )<hnr|)«ntng air 

From haU-strippecl wood* and imatnrea bare, 

liriok Hobin seeks a kindlier home : 

Not like a be|{gar in he come, 

But ci>t«r8 as a looked-for giieit., 

Conlidiug in his ruddy hreaHt, 

An if it were a natural shiuld 

Charged with a blazon on the field, 

Dne to that good and niuus deed 

Of which we in the ballad read. 

Mr. Watkin Watkins, in his ex< 
volame on ' The Bird« ol 'Ywvwsvjtci^ 


NOTES AND QUERIES. HO" s. v. f^b. lo. 1900. 


out tlie spirited interpretation which that 
T>oet placed upon the robiii's note, and also 
Iiisi pleasant recognition of the robin's fond- 
ness for the company of men. 

To take one illustration more, there may 
be instanced the picturesque account of 
Chapman. Chapman calls it the bird 
That loves humaiia ht»\.. 
That halh the bugle eye and rosy breast, 
Aad is the yellow autumn's pigbtingale. 

W. B. 

LixcoLN'.'^HiiiE Death Folk lore (lO"* S. 
iv. 465, 515).— Once, when I was away from 
home, a pigeon flew either down a chimney 
or through some other opening into one of 
the rooms, and was found dead upon my 
writing-table. I believe it liad been wounded 
at a shooting contest held hard by. So far 
aa I know, nothing untoward came to pasH 
beyond an unsightly staining of the leather. 

St. Swithin. 

John Dver, Poet (lO"* S. iv. 5.30).— 

beginning oC a word. But the same »vmbol 
meant "bb" if it was used medially, ifenc© 
ignorant people wrote it sm " bb " at the 
Lteginning also, and finally turned it into 
" Bb." 

The same thing happened with Bome other 
lettcrM, especially i." The name French 
was also written *' llVench," and is still so 
ispelt by some. The ignorant turn it into 
" Ffrench," which practically amouuts to 
treble *'f," aa if one were to write ••fffrench." 

Some very funny results iiavc hapjiened 
from ignorance of this jwcuiiarily in de- 
noting capitals and double letlen. TiiU*» 
Jamiesou'a 'Scottish Dictionary' gravely in- 
forms us that 7-fjlk moatts a "rocW'. But 
the Ik means k/c, and the old Scottish for 
"rock" A-as rokL Walter W. Skrat. 

AnriiBisnor Kempe (10^" S. iv. 348. 4M ; 
V. 13).— I do not think that the archbishop 
had any special connexion with All HallowH 
Barking. His name only occurred in Messra. 

G. F. K. B. will find tlie Life of John Dyer 1 Corner and Nichols's paper in the Tt'tnu- 

in the beginning of his book of poems. 

0. H. Martin 

The Cottage, Westhopc, Uraven Arms. 

Semfeb Family (10'*' S. iv. 487 ; v. o-j).— 
I may add to my reply that the motto 
" Semper idem," according to Burke'a ' "r"^* i « ah 
'Armory,' is that of Harvey of Bargy Castle, ^^""•■ch of All 
CO. Wexford. Tim family of Semper is not 
mentioned by Burke, hut I find the following 
ill Rtetstap's 'Armorial GeriL-ral' : "Sein|)er 
(Samper, Sampere, Samperos, Sempere, Sem- 
peres), Aragon, De gu, h la bande d'or, 
accompagno de deux ctoilea (H) du mt'me." 

From tills it appears, as suggested in the 
query, that the family is of Spanish extrac- 
tion. Xo motto or crest is assigned by 
Rietstap to this name. The 8 signifiea timt 
the stars are of eight points. 

Cue. W.VTSOX. 

3(H. Wor|>le Road, WimWedoa. 

StJprRESsioN OF DuELLiNr. IN England 
(10"' S. ii. 3P7, 435 ; iii. lO, 475 ; iv. ."JS^).— 
Another book may be mentioned : 'La Beautt- 
de la Vuleur et la Laschetc' du Duel,' 1658. 
H. A. St. J. M. 

"Bbl." (lO*"* S. 
"Bbl." thus. It 
" BI.." and means ' 

actions of the London and Middle-sex Archajo- 
logical Society in an incidental way, in 
reference to & supposed portrait that was at 
one time in the posses-sion of Sir Robert Tat«, 
an aldernmn of the City of Lon<lon, who 
died in the year 15tX>, and was buried in the 

W. F. Pride AC.v. 

V. 27, 74). — I interpret 
is merely the same a.s 
barrel." The "Bb" is an 

ignorant way of denoting the capital letter B. 
Some small letters, notably "t, were maiJe 
into capitals by doubling the «h»wnstroko, as 
is well seen in the so-cnlled "Old Knglish "' >*. 
Similarly, a symbol which looked something 
like "lb," * e, "b" with a double downstroke, 
was used sometimes to denote " B " at the 

Reginald Fitz Urse (10'" S. v. 47^.— 
Has Mr. C. R. Stonk thought of makinK 
inquiries in Ireland as to this murderer of 
Beckef? A good many years ago— it might 
have been during Marshal MacMahon's 
Presidency of the French Republic, or at th© 
time of his death— I read, whore I cannot 
remember, an interesting allusion to hi* 
family which a lovo of etymology and of 
history lias fixed in my memory, it was to 
this eflect : that, overcome by renjorse, 
Fitz Urse passed over into Ireland, antl 
remained there, self exiled, till his death. 
The better to conceal his idonlity, and 
possibly to avoid pursuit, he altere<J his 
Xnrman patronymic to its Celtic equivalentj 
remaining still, but as Mac&lahon, a Son ot 
tlie Bear. It was surmised that the reputeil 
author of the saying *'J'y suis, j'y reste," 
might have been his Jescendant. 

Eleanor C Smytu. 

3G3. Gillott Road, EdKbaston. 

See 'D.N'.B.,' xix. 218. A. R. Baylst. 

Staines Bridge flO"" S. iv. 4Cft, 536 ; v. 52). 
—This bridge has five stone arches ; the two 
end spans are 6(1 feet, the centre s\>».n i^ 
74 feet. If the other two spans ant alao 

10"' 8. V. Ftn. 10. 1906.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


74 feet and the piera are 9 feet wide, the pro- 
nortioii of widtli of pier to span is 1 ;8'222. 
Aosv, e 'J , iSoutliwark Bridge haa ca8t-iron 
arches of 240 and 210, or 225 feet average 
span, and piers 34 feet wide ; in this case 
the proportion is therefore larger, being 

1 : 9'375. ileuce Bray ley'»i statement tiiat llie ^,-- - 

piers of Staines Bridge •' are said to be smaller, major of only twenty-two years in 1G48 ; but 
m proportion to the span of the arches they i commissions were loosely given in the hur- 
sustain than those of any other bridge in "' 

England." is not quite accurate, and was not 

1C47 appear to iiave been Richard and 
Henry ; Oliver, an elder brotlier, who also- 
had been in the army, had died of small- 

I «io not find any other Richard of the- 
family fitting time and circumMtances. Cer- 
tainly, as born in 1626, he was a very younR 

even in 1860, when his book was published, 
unless iron and steel arches, and brick and 
stone arches not crossing rivers, are ex- 
cluded. L. L. K. 

Majok Ricbabo Cromwell. 1648 (10"* S- 
V. 69).— The entry on the 'Journals of the 
House of Commons,' 21 Dec, 1G48 (vi. 102), 
quoted by Mr. AIason', appears to indicate 

clearly that Richard Cromwell, son and sue- 

CMsor of Oliver, the Lord Protector, began j iu'atrendance on the king, w'tji whom he is 
his career by serving in the army of the j ^aij to have sympathized rather than witli 
Parliament. The 'Diet. Nat. Biog." says tlie Parliament. W. L. Rdtton. 

that he "probably entered the parliamentary 

riedly equipped forces or the time ; hi» 
brother Oliver is shown in Noble's ' Memoirs ' 
to have been a captain at the age of twenty. 
Noble, apparently unaware of the evidence 
in the 'Journals,' is imsitive that Richard 
was not in the army at the perio<l in ques- 
tion, and points to his admission to th& 
Society of Lincoln's Inn, 27 May, 1647. But 
we must suppose that he then gave up the- 
sword for the law, although in December, 
1618, be is still styled major. It is inter- 
esting to learn that as an otlicer he had beeo 

army, as di<l his brothers Oliver and Henry,' 
anri this may now be taken as proved by the 
mention of him in the 'Journals,' joined to 
other evidence. The Lords recommend iiim 
for consideration as having been "long em- 
ployed by tlio Parliament both in attonrlance 
on the person of the king and in several 
other services, to his great charge and 
expense." Other and earlier evidence of 
bis having been in the army is found in tlie 
charge brought by John Lilburne in 1647 
against the great Oliver for placing his rela- 
tives in the army, and "amongst them two 
of his own sons, one a captain in theOoneral's 

There were several members of tlie Crom- 
well fftjnily in the army of Charles I. Four 
of them (brothers) were the Protector's 
cousins, but their names were Henry (who 
wa.s a colonel in the king's army), Thomas, 
John, and William. If Henry had two^ 
names, he would probably be the Richard 
referred to, as tlie latter was nrcsuniably 
promoted about this time : tjthcrwise he 
must have been the Protector's undo, as be 
is the only Richard to be found under that 
name at all corresponding in date with the 
entry of 1G48. There is some confusion of 
Christian names in the Cromwell family. 

lifeguards, the other a captain of a troop of especially on the female side, so that it i» 
horse in Col Harrison's regiment, both raw not always possible to identify any indivi<lual 
aud inexperienced soldiers" ('Biog. Uritau.,' member. The following table shows the 

horse in Col Harrison 


2949). The two sons thus mentioned in 

relationships : — 
Sir Henry Cromwell, Knt. 



Sir Oliver Cromwell, K.B. Robert. Henry. Richard. Philip. VMi>h. 


Henry (colonel in ThoniM (in llie John {in the Wjlliftm (in the Oliver (Lord 

the king's army). king's army). king's army). (king's army). Protector). 

obliged to Mr. Launcelot Ant her and 
otlier correspondents of ' N A' Q i' ^^ ^^\' 
as to some kind friends who have communi- 
cated with me privately, for the text of the 
song I asked for. Mr. Akcmkrs version 
seems pretty complete, except that it do**" 
not contain the "Centrifugal RaiUvft- 
staiiza, for which I am ii\«iebVad\M^^. V 

On the other hand, Richard may have 

lH?en the son of one of the other four brothers 

of the Protector's father, but the names of 

their sons do not seem to have been recorded. 

J. FosTKR Palmer. 

8. Uoyal Avenue. S.W. 

'A Mkplky Finale to xirE Great Ex- 
BlBmoN ' (10"' 8. V. 64).— I am excessively 



NOTES AND QUERIES, iw 8. v. rwS 


Hbdd, or the third quatrain of the *' Chinese 
Exfiibition " portion. But I may observe 
■tliat the sonR datea back se /eral years before 
tlie Great Kxliibitiou of 1H51. 1 remember 
it myself in the forties, and one correspondent 
t«li« me he has not heard it for »ixty-two 
years. Internal evidence gives the same 
testimony. It may have been revived in 
1851, but in that year the King of the Frencli, 
his would be assassin Fieschi, and Com- 
miasioner Lin were "ancient history," and 
the "Great Agitator" had finally c^Ued to 
agitate four years previously. The topical 
alluaiona to tlio Ojibbeway Indian.s. the 
Chinese Kxliibilion, the Centrifugal Hail- 
way, and Tom Thumb would seem to fix the 
date of the song at the years 1842-4. 

W. F. Pridkau.x. 

Tower of London (10*" S. v. 47).— If your 
Chicago correa[>ondent desires to see some of 
Oruikshauk's best etchings, let him refer to 
*The Tower of London,' by Harrison .\ins- 
worth, published in 1843. The frontispiece 
represents the execution of Lady Jane Grey, 
on a scaffold in front of the chapel of 
St. Peter ad Vincula. On the scaffold are 
Manger, the headsman, about to do his 
office; Cicely, the liandmaid ; Sir Thomas 
Brydges ; and Jolin Feckenham, the pricijt, 
the last Abbot of Westminster. 

John Pickford, M.A. 

Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge. 

"Was you?" and "Yod was "(10"' S. i. 
609; ii. 72, 157; v. 32, 76).— Even as late aa 
1840 old-fa-shioned people very frequently 
used H-n$ for were, and as a l>oy I remember 
t>eitiK much surprised at hearing a titled 
lady, wlio came to distribute prizes at a 
school in tfie village where 1 lived, ask one 
of tliB children: "Was you at church laat 
Sunday 1 " 

Dickens ridicules the habit in 'Nicholas 
Nickloby,' chap, xlii., where he makes Miss 
Saucers say, "Was you, ma'am— was you? 
Wa« you given to understand," Jcc. 

Frederick T. Hi hi; a me. 

[But it must \)e remeinberfrd that Mim 8. was 
the daughter of a lady who prided h«raelfo& being 
" HO graninisxian."J 

"Breton " (10'" 8. v. 29) is the namo of a 
very old game of cards, dating back to early 
in the sixteenth century. It is not included 
in lUbelais's list (1532), but it is thought by 
some that the first game mentioned by him 
(/« ./fitr) was akin to it. In the game itself 
the term is applied to a combination of three 
cards of the same sort, such as three kings. 
There are several variations of the game of 
brelan, the simplest appearing to be when 

two to five j)ersons play with a piquet pack, 
the cards having the same order as in piquet 
and whist, save that a brelan of knaves ia 
tlie highest. Three cards are dealt to each 
player, and if no one has a brelan, each in 
turn discards one card from his hand, and 
draws in one froru the pack, until a brelan is 
acquired. The holder thereof is the winner 
of the partie, and if he has a "brelan de 
valets " he receives double stakes. 

J. S. McTlAR. 

The Condado (IC* S. v. 47, 77).— I am 
afraid Mr. Doix'.son has missed the point of 
my query, which was not where a CVindado 
might be found, but whore thi«« i.-'vi iirnlar 
Condado was — the Condado di '-d 

as the place of export of figi^. Wa_ >u% 

ever known as sacli? I think not. 

J. K. Lauoutos. 

"Diss.": an Abbreviation (10^ S. v. 69). 
—May I point out that on p. 94 of ray 
'Author and Printer" "diss." is given as the 
abbreviation for dissertation] 

F. Howard Coluhs. 


The abbreviation " diss." is not unusual for 
dissertation or inaugural dissertation. It is 
frequently found after the quoted title of 
works published in continental university 
towns, aa every student must print a disser- 
tation in order to obtain a degree. At the 
University of Paris a dissertation is Decet* 
sary for the Doctor's degree in all Hcienceo. 
Ludwig Rosenthau 

HildesardstraaM, 10, Munich. 

•Pancharis'; 'Minerva,' 173,-. (10««' S. v. 
G9). — One of the publications a-skinl about 
is probably 'Minerva, tlie High - Dutch 

Grammar, teaching the Englishman the 

High - German Language,' I/ondon, IGUtV 
There is a copy of it in tlie British Museum. 
Tlte author is uuknown. Jas. Piarr, Jon. 

"Pin fire" (lO'" S. v. 70). — The two 
different kinds of breech-loaders and cart- 
ridges were always described as " piu-fire" or 
" central-fire " in Devonshire at lea»t twenty- 
five years ago. W. CuRZON Ykk. 

Richmond, Surrey. 

Trafalgar (lO"" S. iv. 385, 431, 471, 534; 
V, 57).— I should be obli(jed If Mr. FrakiTS 
King would kimlly give his autlii" •" 'he 
statement that the original (M(X)i of 

this word is Tarf el-Gharb ( " If 

by the accented li Ms. Ki.N' ho 

vowel should be pronounced liKt:- iii« i m, 
I may observe that there is no such word as 
Gharb in Arabic. The Arabic for * west " ia 




Gharb, which would rime pretty nearly with 
the second syllable in "disturb," allowing 
for a greater roll in the r. There i% such a 
word aa Gharib, which raeaiiii the western 
aide, in such a phrase as Kl GharibulJebel, 
the western side of the mountain. But such 
a locution as Et-Tarfu-l-Gharib wouUl be in- 
ftdmi-ssible in Arabic. 1 agree with Mn. 
Kjxo that *' there ought to be no puzzling as 
to how to accent Trafalgar." 

W. F. Pride.kux. 

Bacterja : Early Notk e (10'" S. v. 45).— 
It may perhaps be useful that the exact 
reference for "Crescunt animalia quiedam 
rninuta," Ac, should be given. It is M. T. 
Varro, " De He lluatica.' i. 12, 2. The subject 
of the chapter, as given iu *Scriptores llei 
Rustiac,' edited by Oesner, oditio socunda, 
Lipsjie. 1773, vol. i. p. 139, is " Quo sit loco 
potissiinura statuenda villa.'' 


Hapiz, Pbrsian Poet (lO'" S. v. 08).— The 
e^lition of Brockhau^s is still, I think, the 
best, and has not been superseded by another 
European edition of later date, viz., that of 
Ko.Henzweig Scbwannau, 3 vols., Persian text 
and German verse- translation, published at 
Vienna, 1858-64. 11. A. X. 

Born with Teeth (10"' S. v. 8, 78) —In 
Dr. Gairdner's ' History of the Life and 
lleign of Richard III.' (1878) I find tlie fol- 
lowing paragraph on p. 4 : — 

"Ho [Itichard] lefl inch a ropiitatiou beliiml 
hint that even his birth was said to have proclaimed 
him a, inKiisler. He had been two ye%n, wo are 
toKl, in liin mother's womb, and was born— or rather, 
like MacdutT, was by a surgical operation Beparated 
from his mother's body — wheu he came into the 
world feet foremost, with tectli in his jaws, aud 
with hair down to the nhoulders." 
The authorities cited for the statement are 
Rous and More. John T. Pacje. 

Long Itchiogton, Warwickshire. 

In Smith's ' Miraljoau.'chap. iii., it is stated 
that at his birth that orator 'had an im- 
mense head, almoi^t amounting to a deformity : 
a twistefl foot ; two molar teeth were found 
cut, and his tongue was tie<l to the /nunuvi. 

U. B. 

Providence, R.L 

OoBESiDti : Shebter (10"" S. V. 68).— The 
first ia probably Leonhard Gorecius, or Gore- 
tiua. He wrote ' Descriptio Belli Ivonite, 
Palatini Valachiw, cum Selyroo Turcarum 
Imreratore,' a work includes by Guagninus 
aarl Pistorius in their collections on Poland. 

The second may be Joannes Schefiferus, 
author of ' De Militia Navali Voterum,' ' Do 
lie Vebiculari Veterum,' * Memorabilium 

SueticieGentis Exeraplorum Liber,' itc, works 
published between 1C54 and 1698. He died 
in 1«79. G. DEED£g. 


SelUNU 0NE3EU-- TO TBE DeVIL(10"' S. V. 

2a, 78).— This may connect itself, as many 
otiier superstitions have done, with a per- 
verted use of Holy Scripture. Some of the 
old commentators point out that St. Paul, 
wlio was "sold under sin," as it were by a 
tyrant, was not in such a bad case aa Ahab, 
*' wliich did sell himself to work wickedness" 
(Rom. vii. 14 ; 1 Kings xxL 20, 25). 

W. C. B. 

N.iiPOLEON's Coronation Robe : its Gold 
Bees (10'*' S. v. 0, 7fi). — If your correspondent 
wit! consult 'Crowns and Coronations,' by 
William Jones, F.S.A. (Chatto i Windus, 
1898). he will find at p. 36r> the information 
lie seeks. Frederic Rowland Marvin. 

Albany, N.Y. 

Mantegna's House (10"' S. iv. 87; v. 74). 
— Perhap.s the following extracts may be of 

use : — 

'"As Btaled by an inscription on the corner of 
tlie l^tizoiii palace, ManleRna's house waa opposite 
the ciiurcli of .Saint Hubustiaii, the front of which 
he had painlod witli such marvellous^ skill."— 
'Hialorical, Literary, ami Arligtical Travels m 
Italy,' by M. Valery, translated by C. h Clifton 
(raris, IJaudry, 18j2). Book ix. chap. xix. p. .m 

".San Sebosiiano. now in a ruinous condition, 

was erected by L \i. Alborti iu 14(J0 ; .n oflers 

BQiue dilapidated frescoes by Mantegiia. Uppoaite 
standa the bouse of Manlegiio, the ground on which 
it stands having been presented to hiin by Duke 
Ludovico (Jonziiga, with an lioiiorary lusunption; 
by the side of which ia the Porta I'listerla. loading 
to the Falaz/o rfel T."— ' Murray's Handbook to 
Northern Italy, thirteenth ed., 1874, p. 285. 

Though it has no concern with Mantegna's, the following ia interesting :— 


Esse itareni liimc noris, si non pra-ponis Apelli, 
.KsKA MiiSTtNK.E qui siniulacra vidcF. 
Andre.a** MAVTrsEA, .\pelle8 suffi wta- 
tii, Eijucstri idciroo diKnitate ornatus. 
Obijtnnno M.i)..\vil. 
It is under the heading "In S. Andrere" in 
"SelectajChristianiOrbia Delicire per Iraa- 
ciscum Sweertium: Colonic Agnppinae, 
1608," p. 167. ^, . T* I . 

'Murray's Handbook to Northern Italy, 
1874 (p. 284), in the description of the church 
of Sant' Andrea, says :— 
"MaotcKna is buriwl in the chai>e! of .S*a(;io- 

vanni His bust in bronze by Sperandio, erected 

in ir)l6, ton years after Manleitna's death, by Ludo 
vioo (JouMga, is an excellent jiieceof workmonilx" 
The eyei are said to have been formed of dianiooi 
Apparently tlie date of Matite^wil* ^*e^ 
given ijy »SweftT\a \a 'iivsw^. ^«sM* 






death occurred, according lo biographical 
dictionaries, in l&t>5. 

Doe9 the above inscription now exist on 
the butit or its pedestal ? 

According to Lanzi's ' History of Painting 
ID ItaJy,' translated by Thomas Roscoe, 1847, 
vol. ii. p. 328, the monument in S. Andrea 
was raised iu 1517, *' wliicli has been falsely 
supposed by some to be the year of his death, 
whereas it appears from many authentic 
works that he closed his days in lOOS." 

"Ql^AM nihil ad GENIUM, PaI'INIANE, 

TUi'ii!" (10'^' S. V. 27.)— This line will bo 
found, not in the ' Illustrations' to Drayton's 
* Polyolbioii,' but in thr? introductory address 
" From the Author of the Illustrations." The 
preliminary pages of the ' Polyolbion ' are 
unnumbered, but the line is quoted on the leaf 
A 4, recto. As tlii.s address is signed in my 
copy, and 1 presume in others, by SeUlen 
with his own hand, tliere is no ground for 
sayiuK that tlie 'Illustrations' are "attri- 
buted" to him. Nor, to ray recret, can I 
agree with the Editor that the line is " pro- 
bably Seldens own, us he generally gives 
reference."* for quotations from Latin and 
Greek authors." The reverse is rather the 
fact, as ou the same page on which the line 
occurs there are two Greek quotations, and 
two otlier Latin quot-ations, to not one of 
which is a reference given.* Xor is it likely 
that Selden would compose a solitary penta- 
meter in or<ler to point his enoral. The line 
seeniH to belong to one of the Italian fM>ets of 
the Iletsaiasance, and may possibly be found 
in one of the bcKjks forming the library of 
the late Uhancellor Christie in Owens College, 

In ]7t)5 the woiksof Draylon were included 
in the thinl volume of Anderson's " Pritisb 
Poets," and it was, I believe, from this source, 
and not fnmi the original ' Polyolbion,' that 
Coleridge derived the quotjition. 

The reference to Piiof. Knight's query 
should bo 1")"' S. iv. S.W (not Sf)!), 

W. F. PniDEAi'x. 

PlIMilS ou PiCEON En(;ijsh {10"' S. V. 46, 
00).— -I can give an earlier instance of pigeon 
English than any supplied by Mr. Cukuy ; — 

" ' Boy I ' he cried. ' (co CAlcliee three nieoey Ixial, 
waahee i)iKeon to-morrow.* Tlicn Ite added Ionic; 
'A-tye will row you onl, because »he can xpeak 
^»iKeon En){)«h["— 'A Piece of China.' All the 

E, Vardley, 

I'tar Round, 30 April, IS50. 

The ■econd Greek nuotwtion in attributed to 
'an old Cmmograiihicail Poet," but no name is 

' TuE EpicuRK'a Almasack ' (10^'' S. V. 4). 
— There is no reason to suppose tliat Benson 
Earle Hill edited 'The Epicure's Almanack * 
for 1815. My copy gives no editor's or 
author's name, but it is attributed (witiuiut 
authority) to one James White, of whom I 
know nothing. ' The Epicure's Almanack ' for 
1841 and that for 1842 (I have no ci>py of 
1843) were undoubtedly edited by Hill, who 
dates his preface for the former year from 
Rrompton (publishers, How it Parsons, 132, 
Fleet Street). There is much excellent work 
and quaint advice in both almanacs. The 
series is continued by 'The Epicure's Year- 
Books' of 18G8 and 18G9, both ediletl by 
Fin-Bee, otherwise Blanchard .Terrold. They 
were published by Hradbury, Evans & Co., 
and the former has a vignette and orna- 
mental initials by John Leighton, F.S.A. 
Accorfling to the preface, these Year-Bw)ks 
were to have been published annually ; but 
I know of only these two years. Of course, 
.ferrold was resj>onsibIe for many other culi- 
nary publications, such as "Knife and Fork,' 
'The Cuplward Papers,' 'The Dinner Boll.' 
and 'The Book of Menus,' all of which I 
possess. 'Tl»e Epicure's Almanack ' was re- 
vived in a curious way in 1884, and 1 have in 
my library an "early proof copy." The 
book was to have been published by DaviJ 
Bogue, but, according to a note on the tly- 
leaf of my copy, it was "given to tne by D. 
Bogne, and is the only one done, the work 
never having been proceeded with." It i» 
described on the title-page as " a waistctMit 
T>ocket calendar of goon cheer and table talk 
for the year 1884." No author's name is 
given, but the preface is signed C. E P.. 
.Michaelmas, 1883. I can find no record of 
lids little book anywliere. 

Frank Schloessek. 

15, Groivenor Koad, S.VV. 

Bowes Castle, ^"okk.suire (10*^^ S. iv. 288). 
—W. Hutchinson, in his 'Excursion to the 
Lakes,' thus deacribes the ruins in 1773 and 

1774 : — 

" Uowea('aatIe, situated near the old high street, 
18 fifty-threo feet hi(;h, and forma a t-riuare of 
einhtyone feet each way. It is built of hewn 
stotie, of excellent workmanshiii, and I he walls are 
cemented with lime mixed witli stiiall flints : bal 
nnich of the external c:a'>iii||^ ia atri|tt off, and the 
whole ia rajiidly haHteuine to decay. Tlie fiirtreas 
is surrounded by a dtfj ' ' ' > ' > ■ > ,,p, 

open area, or platfortii 1; 

it. stands, has a swift i. 

There ore evident tracttt of JCuiitui) u .i» 

its iirecincts; and niout iirnltably the pi !(? 

was founded on thc«ite of ri '■ ■ ii. 

The remains of a bath and it ly 

in ruins, and overKrown wii I •. 

are still indicated to Iravelleta. A Ul« wwluMir* 

lO'* H. V. F»n. 10. 1906.) NOTES AND QUERIES. 




-of •oniccoiiitnoD lands, belottKiiiR to Howeo, lirovight 
to linlil «n aiicieiii aiiueilucl, wliich o<inveye<i the 
Mfatci' two oiile«, from a place called Lc\ari>ool, to 
the cutle. 

" Autiiiiiarie8 have hitherto fixed the ancient 
Ljivitree at Bowea, llmt iiUice correBpoiuIint: with 
the distances set out in tlio 'Ilinrirary ' ; but the 
nite iiuv have been near Levarjiooj, imrlicul&rly av 
aome adjoining lands atill bear the name of Lavar- 
tree, or Larelruc ; these, however, on examination 
they found only ancient stone ciuarries of vaat 

"••r«"»t nombera of Roman coins have been dis- 
covered at fJowe», which mark its former celebrity. 
Several itnrla of earthen vefwela, of the red kind, 
liave aUo been dng up at this place; and Camden 
aitya he saw an altar to the honour of Adrian in 
the church." 

TUi-*. with four or five otiier in.scriptioiis, 
in given ir> Mr. J. S. Fletcher's coinprehen- 
aive work ' Picturesque Vorkaliire.' If both 
Hutcliiiison's and Fletclier'n measureruetits 
be cojrect, tlie c&stle hai in 131 years lost 
about three feet in height, for the latter de- 
floribes it as onlj* 50 feet in height, and says : 

"There are traces of many interesting things 
«bniil it— a bit of vaulted roof here ; on ornamental 

|iilUr there and few of thfi anoiont siroiiKhoIdn 

■of the north are more pathetic in their desolation.'' 

A similar inquiry to that of Miu Cank 
iluntics I have endeavoured to answer in 
Yorkifiire Xotes and Queries, December, 1905, 
p. 282. J. HoLDEN MacMichael. 

Fame (lO'" S. iv. 249; v. 49).— I think 
that the following line of Juvenal (Satire xiv. 
152), which has not been quoted in tliis dis* 
cusHion, showH that a trumpet waa given to 
Fame by the anciont-s : — 
II Sed cjui sermoncs * Qnur fa'dw buccina fam.f ? 

I know not whether it has been noticed 
Jiow much Virgil in his celebrate<l descrip- 
tion of Fame is indebted to Homer. lieyne, 
who notices most of the resemblances be- 
tween llotner and V^irgil, lias omitted to 
mention this : — 

Parva metn primo ; mox sese attollit in auras, 
luKrcdilurque solo, ei caput inter nubila condit. 
• .Eneid.' iv. 170 7. 
iJt' o^t'yrj fuv KpbiTa Kopv(Tcrtrat, avrap 

ovpavp iiTT^pi^t Ko/iij Ka\ tiri \$ovl fialya. 

•lliad.iv. «-2.3. 
Homer i^ speakittg of Strife, or Discord, not 
of Fame, E. Yarduey. 

The ••Muse" in Milton's ' Lycidas,' 1. 19, 
meann " poet." This is a fairly common use 
of the word, and occurs in Shakespeare, 
i»onnet xxi. ; Spenser, ' F. Q.' IV. ii. 34 ; and 
also in Dryden. Hence tht-re is no need for 
Jortin's proposed correction of " ho " to 
"she'' "itill less for application of the words 

"as he passes turn" to the floating botly 
of Lycidas. 0. S. Jekuam. 

• Rebecca,' a Novel (10"' S. iii. 128, 176, 
203, 435 ; v. 72) —I ara glad to bo able to 
inform Mr. E S. Doix;son and those readers 
of • N. ik Q.' who are interested in the 
subject that the notice of tliis old novel in 
The /Luriifxnn Minjazine H7td London Reirietv, 
a brief extract from which was given in 
Messrs. Lackington, Allen A Co.'s catalogue 
of 1815, appeared in the number for March, 
1808. I am indebted to Mr. E. E. Newton, 
of West Hampstead, for the loan of the 
volume for January to June, 1808, and have 
at my elbow a type written copy of the 
lengthy criticism upon a botik wliich must 
have creatcfj some stir in its day. "Therein 
the plot of the story is fully outlined, its 
motive being the desire to expose and casti- 
gate an al)ominabIe 'New I'hilosophy ' 
which prevailed amongst certain dissolute 
claiiHe-s of society, a discourse upon the evils 
of wiiicii takes up much space at the cora- 
niencenient of an article highly appreciative 
of the efforts of the writer and the force of 
his, or tier, denunciations. Tlie criticism i-s 
signed by J. M., the initials, it is assumed, of 
Joseph Moser, a well known contributor to 
7'fie /Curnj^enn Mn'j'i .iw&m] otlierporiwlicals 
of that time Unfortunately, aitliough J. M. 
frequently attributes the authorship to a 
male, no niini€ is ever nientioriod, so tli&t he 
was probably unable to pierce the mask of 

The book, containing scenes of the most 
harrowing, pathetic nature, is one calculated 
to stir the finest emotions, and to point a 
truly moral le.ison. The fact that ' Ileljecca ' 
was printefi at Uttoxeter, wherein the year 
1821 — as we find from the ' D.N.B.' — was also 
printetl * Tales. Serious and Instructive,' by 
Ann Catherine Holbrook, would seem to lend 
colour to the inference that this lady was the 
author of the work under discussion, as 
some have conjectured. She lived in the 
village of Sandon, in Staffordshire, not far 
distant, where corroborative evidence of 
identity, with discovery of the mi.ssing third 
volume, might be the result of diligent search 
on the part of natives, h would also be 
appropriate to repinnt the novel in its 
centenary year, 1908, at Tttoxeter, the 
original place of issue. Cecil Clarke. 

Junior Alhenwum Club, W. 

Tiie review to which Mr. Doposon alludes 
will IjG found in The /'Hvojk-nn J/fi<j<i:ine for 
.March, 180H. It is signed J. M., which ovi 
dently stands for Joseph .Moscr, who apiieai 
to have written the whole ma^<^'f!\%\s^ <o!^'^ 

(10'* S. V. Feb. 10, 1906. 



own bat, for a play and a novel fanning 
throuf^h the volume bear lua name m full, 
and a long biography and several long reviews 
are signed witii liis initials. Tlie review is 
very laudatory ; the good clergyman, we are 
ttH»ure<i, " has neither the general grossness 
of Taraon Adams, nor the occasional imbe- 
cility of the Vicar of Wakefield." Tliere is a 
set of the magazine in the Bib. Nat. The 
"quote," or press-mark, of this particular 
volume is Z. 33,962. 

RoBEiiT B. Douglas. 

G4, Rue des Martyrs, Paris. 

The review of ' Reljecca' is in TAr Euro}>fmi 
Maqazi'ne, vol. liii. flW«8), pp. 198-202. A 
set of the magazine 18 in the Library of the 
Britiah Museum, and it U alao in the Glad- 
stone Library of the National Liberal Club. 
Francis G. Haley. 


Thi- Eulcrluik. of Youth : ^rith Fragmi-ttf of ihf 

IVai/K of Litrrt'n and of Xatitn Edited liv W. 

llMig and R. B. MnKorrow. iLtmvain, A. Uyat- 

pniyet ; London, Null ) 
This inlereating work, the joint praditct of Prof. 
Bung and Mr. McKerrow, punsiitutes ihe twelflli 
volume of llie ndmirable " NUterialien ilea Alteren 
Eiicliachon Dranmii," to the merits and vnhie of 
wIikU wc frcuui'tilly rocur. The iiriiiciiiaj fenture 
ill it consisls of 'The KnUrlude of \out1i,' a 
morality foHowitis closelv i" tlie tracks of an even 
hetlerknowti woiT<, * Hycko-atorner/ Somewhat 
luiioiislv, thia idrty v/an, for the first linic on 
rcenrd. I'lreswiteci on llie staRe towards the close of 
i»al your It is an eminently pious and aRreeably 
wiitl«ii work, aocBMiiile to the general public in 
lliP mecoiid volume of Hnzlitl's 'Uodsley'; has 
iiUK-li in i^nmnion with llie earlier morality c/f 
• llyoki! srornrr,' and has a aiihjecl naturnlly allied 
witli that of ' Lusty .Tuvcntus.' It is to be ex- 
i.eiited. inilep<l, that llic tecsons of the ntoralilies, 
luiidliig Kk they do to edifitalioo, should have a 
spxrlfS iif i{«'neric reaeinblnnce. 

I If * Vouth' two early editions and a fragment of 
a lltJrd are known. None of these bears any dale. 
t!rtj)it>»of one edition, print«?d by .John \Valey, are 
in liio Britisli Must<iini ami the 15oi3lt'ian : and a 
■coonil edition by William Copland, is also in the 
llritish Museum. The fragment come* from the 
Lmnboth Palace Library. All these works are 
Vrotiiici>d in facsimile, with admiralije conimenU 
and oUu'iilalioM in tiemian and l<'ni;liHh. Tlie 
WiuMKuts— three of which are reproduced— belong to 
whul are called factotum woodblocks, and did duty 
fur many sixleenth-oentury prodnctions. Their 
origin is found in the faniona "grant ther<'ce eii 
fiaiicoia," published rirra 1500, for which see 
Kriinet. Diireient names being jdaced l>eneath 
tUeni, the figures serve for anyone. Charity, for 
inatance, wilh her sword and bow and arrow, han 
iillle that is sngRostive of that ardent reformer of 
youth. In the Lambeth Palace fragment this 
llgur re apiicars. The fragment of the 

' Flays of Lucres ' constats of only four pasM : 
that of 'Nature' of but a dozen lines. Very 
welcome is thia work, which, so far as iti), extends, 
is exhaustive. As we have before said, tlie aeri** 
ia doing yeoman service to lovers of the drama. 

Si'i/thuitie'i Tragtdits. Vols. IV. and V. (Chatto 

& W induB.) 
With the appearance of these two voluroea the 
reiuue of Mr. Swinburne's 'Tragedies.' and, so far 
as we can judge, the complete collection of bis 
I>oetical writings, is accomplishes]. Vol. iv. consislv 
of * Mary 8tuart,' the third work in the great 
trilogy concerning the Queen of Scots, the pre- 
vious |)orlionB of which are 'Chastelard ' and 
' Bothwell,' the latter occupying itself two vulnnie*. 
Besides being a gratificatioo, the eonsecntive re- 
I)eru8al of the separate works enables us to appre- 
ciate and admire Ihe linked workmanship as well 
as to realize in it« entirety the view Mr. Swiif 
burne forms concerning that great i|ue«ti who 
occupies a share in human thoughts only exceeded 
or equalled by that of Helen of Troy or Cleopatra. 
A noteworthy feature in vol. iv. consists of 
the ]>rosc estimate of Mary Stuart, written in part 
as an answer to the defence of the queen by eccle- 
siastical authorities. The action of the drama ex- 
tends from 14 August, 1.^SG, to 18 February, 15H7, or 
from the detection by Walsingham of Babington's 
yitot to the execution of the <Jaecn,oa which Mary 
Beaton comments, as formerly ahe commented od 
the death ofChastelard. 

Vol. V. meanwhile contains no fewer than fonr 
plays, vi/.,, 'Locrine.' 'The Sistera,' 'Marino 
Faliern,' and ' Roaamund,' one of which, wc fancy— 
the first— has known a species of repreeentadon- 
This interesting volume opens with i '?# 

reprodnction of the portrait in oila < 'y 

tt. F, Watt*. It is uaeleas to criti«.i/' • nf 

noble works which take now, if they had not taken 
before, permanent and highest nlace in 1tt<«r»UT«. 
One only of these, ' The .Sisters, ia n>- ' jb- 

iect, and this even, by ita interlude,)^ ih 

heroic times. The others observe full , _.ii4- 

tion of the "sceptereti pall," and conform to Ui6 
eternal laws of tragedy. 

Tht FofLloif or Woiiirii. By T. F. TlitMll«a- 

Dyer, M.A. (Elliot Slock.) 
Mk. Tiii.sF.i.Tos • Dtki; ia possessor of « name 
honourablv associated with the branrh nf study 
he now takes up. He has written ar. %nd 

interesting book, M'hich, as ia acknosx . jn 

part suggested by M. Quitard's 'Pros- \ea 

Femmcs,' Ac, and owes something to ' N. tt ^.' It 
is limited in sco|ie by the reipiiremeiita nf Kiigliab 
prudery : much that a French writer would tn- 
hef^itatiiigly accept as a product of the rxjiHf gou/v 
havint; to be omitted. It contains much also 
that is) fairly outsi>okon and humoruua. Half a 
dozen further volumes on the same theme mifht 
be easily forthcoming, and we feel a^ •• -■•'-.ot 
reference, we could supply one suclr .m 

memory. Far too many errors — often ■ ,ie* 

—have alipi)ed in, and the best of e\i .int 

is not always given. For instance. " ' : ot 

the winning horse" should surely b« .,,„ » ,.,iat 
horse." " Frailty, thy naroo is woniam," ia aiai|pit4 
to "a German proverb." 'Hamlet' i« n snuttr 
nearer at hand and n)or>' . m 

voting, they say, do nevei .-i 

" Beauty araws us wilb »:=i..^, .„ ,, • 



10* 8. V. r>:B. 10. 190.3.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


Id Ihe tirgt; 

should be 

Ro|)« of llie Lock.' Of hair in beauty a Yorkshire 
Mviut; ia "Black for beauty, red for fun." for 
which l««t word read "aniorouBneas." Is not " M 
W. Pr»ed" intended for W[inthrop] M[ackworth) 
Pr»ed? •• A buRtlinK woman" (i#. 74) •hould be 
"a whistling woman." We never heard before 
that WilherioKton, who "in doleful dumps," when 
" his legs were cutten off, he fought upon hU 
Btumpi," wu« identical io heroic exploit with " fair 
maiden Lilliard." Can the line from Savage 
(p. 99). 

'1 he pride of prie«lB, lo bloodless when in power, 
be correct 7 

Homme roux et femme barbe 
Da trente paa loin le salue, 
ii surely wronR in one or two respects, 
line should not " Ijarlic " be harfnit 
•uppliea (Sonnet XXXVII.), a much belter quota- 
tion about golden hair than any advanced : — 

What (?uyle ia this, that those her Rokleu tressea 

She doth attyre under a net of sold ? 
"Orellea" (p. 110) seems an if it 

iSouvent fenime varie. 
Bien fouqui s'y fie, 
should be *' bien fol est qui s'y de." On p. 130. 
" Lincoln's Inn for law," we have always heard 
"Lincoln's Inn for a Rentlcnian." A popular 
version for the lines by !:>ir Jolui Davies quoted on 
p. 143 is 

Marriage ia such a rabble rout, 
They that are nut want to get in, 
They that are in want to fret out, 
We will present Mr. Tliisellon-Dyer wiih a version 
of 'Women and Marriage,' the origin of which we 
know not •— 

When I was a young man I lived bravely, 

Ob '. my heart was well content ! 
Till I got a wifo for my sins for to plague me. 
Oh '. she made me sore repent. 
Id a quotalion on p. 234 from ' Romeo and Jnliet' it 
should be " The mask of night," not " The mark of 

We might continue long. If we liave at any i>oiut 
been unjust to Mr. This«ltou-l)yer, wears surr^. 
being aware thnt there are variant readings in 
proverbs, 4c. We have read his book through, 
as he will perceive, and mostly with pleasure. 

Early Liitu of Charlemagne and t/te A/onL of 
St. OaJl. Edited by Prof. A, J. Oranl. (De La 
More Press.) 
It is a happy idea to enclose in the l>eautiful 
"King's Cla»aics" the two early livca of Cliarle- 
ma^e — that of Kginhard, tlje monarch's own 
uaociate, theBeraleel to the David of Charlemagne, 
and the 'Flaccus' of Alcuin, which still remains 
authoritative; and the anonymoua fragment — 
it is really not much more - of the monk of 
St. (.Sail, inosi of which Prof, (jrant describes as 
Ii " ma&s of leicend, sags, invention, and recklecs 
blundering." Wc regret that it ha.<» been found 
necesaary to omit a few chapters of (he last work, 
though the exfision involves no jiractical or ap]>ro- 
ciabln losM lu the reader. Meanwhile an indispens- 
able intrcidiiclion and gnnii? rxr-i-llent notes and to 
the value of thebouk. < work, which ia 

written in imitation ' ! -•, is a cuHuua 

and valuable outcome vj. ...;. ..^^^iical renaissance 

of the period, and is now for the first time mad» 
generally accessible. A reproduction of a bronze 
statuette of Charlemagne in the Mus^ Carnavalct» 
Paris, serves as frontispiece. 

Broofhe-n of Maufi Natiowt. By Harriet A. Heaton. 

(Nottingham, Murray's Book Company.) 
Si'KCiALiziN« advances in ever-narrowing circles, 
and nn doubt the itresent slim quarto on broochea 
will be followed in due time by a more minute 
treatise on the ptroiu' or brooch-pin. Mrs. Heaton 
in her fifty pages takes a cursory glauoe over a wid* 
field, which ranges from Assyrian and Egyptian 
down tu Celtic, Scandinavian, and Anglo Saxon. 
Tlie author ban had the collaboration of Mr. J. 
Potter Briscoe, but their ioint care has not succeeded 
in eliminating a ]>rovoking number of mispriut» 
and misspellings, such as " Brigsch " (p. S) " caa- 
tell»" (p. 21), and " vivala" (p. 24). We do nob 
know what to make of "the Mosaic Law of the- 
Creek and Roman cults " (p. 7). or the statement 
that Tiior was worahipjied by the South Sea 
islaiuiers Ip. l,";). Theslighlnesa of the letleri>ress i» 
I>artial!yatone<i for by a liberal allowance of wood- 
cuts, but these .ire not the best vehicle for repro- 
ducing the ex(iui8ite workmausliip of the original 

Up}Hr Xorirood Afhemeum : Tne Reeoiil of the 
Winter Mfflinui Ctud Summer Kxcuntionn, I'MS. 
Edited by Theophilus Pitt, F.C.S. This twenty- 
ninth volume is as interesting as the previous ones. 
The places vuiied in the winter included Sir John 
Soane's Museum, when Mr. Frank E. Spiers read 
a paiier; Allhallows, Barking, wiiere the editor of 
the 'Record' acted as conductor; and the Whit- 
gift Ho.<)pital, about which we had much in our 
Ninth Series. 

The fir^t summer excursion was to Maidstone, 
Mr. Thatcher l>eicg the leader: and the second to> 
Greenwich, when Mr. Vincent took liie party to- 
St Alphege's, and afterwards tu the Park toL-xuniin» 
the many objects of Roman antiquity now piaccdl 
in lliQ pnrk-kee|>er's house, including a fragment 
of |>aveinent discovered by Mr. Webster in P,102. 
Oilier ranililes were to Stralford-on-Avon, St. 
Albans. iJenham, Coring, Lulliiigslone, Cowley, 
and St. Peter's, Ivor. In this church there is a 
tablet t-o tt learned bricklayer : " Venlurus ^Iandey, 
died 1701, of Sr. (liles in Ihe-Fields, many years 
• Bricklayer to the lion. Soc. of l^iiicolira Inn.' Ifo 
was studious in mathematics, and wrote and pub- 
lished three books for the public good; one entitled 
' MelliHuium Monciones, or the Marrow ol Measur- 
ing '; another of ' Mechanical Powers, or the Mystery 
of Nature and Art Unvayloil'; the third a " Uiii»- 
versal Mathematical iSynoi)ais.' He also translated 
into English' DireotoriumCenerale Uranomelricum,' 
and ' Trigonomeli-ia Plana et Spherica, Linearis eb 
LogarithmicB : auctore Fr. Bonaventura Cavalerio- 
Mediolanense,' and some other tracts, which lie 
desigiied to have printed if death had not prevented 
him." Mr. Theophilus Pill deserves praise for his 
careful editing of the ' Fiecord,' and the beautiful 
illustrations make the little volume very attractive. 

TiiK Bitrtingloii Maija-.ivf for Coioioi'^-ifnrH opena 
with a valuable pa])cr by Mr. (JIaudn Phillips on 
'Dramatic Poitrailure.' This is excellently illus- 
Irat^il, largely from Dutch subjects. 'The Letter,' 
by Veriiieer of Delf. fiirnishcs a. fine frontispiece. 
.More plates, also ailniirabte. illustrate ' Eiiglislv 
Miniature Painters; Hilliurd.' ' VeneUftxiVwcVxii**. 


NOTES AND QUERIES, (lo- is. v. p«. lo. iws. 

«n F.nRliah PomMaion ' and ' Piatiir«a obtained l>v 

the Motrojvolitan Museum of Xew York ' aroof high 
interest. Tli«f latter gi ve» » very titie j Jate of Wi4tl»'* 
' Ai iftdne ' and a remarkable Rtudy in oil* by Etty- 
There i* also a notable |iortrnit by Vela«(juer. The 
entire uumlier it of exceptional interest. 

I\ the niid«t of the startled, unenlightened, and 
puzzled comment produced by the revolution in 
politic* appear in the various reviews a few articles 
on literary and social themes. In Th' Fortiu\fhtlji 
Leo Tolstoi gives the necoiid iiarl of his " End of 
the Age,' while Mr. Henry .lAUies begins * Now 
"Ytirk : Social Note*,' observations the dtift of 
which we wail to see. Mr. H. M. I'aull writes 
'Critioil Notes on " As You Like It." ' and draws 
an interesting and important parallel l>etween ' The 
"Cokes Tale of (iamelyn" (Bometinies wmniily a«- 
•igned to Chaucer), ' The tJoldtn Legacie ' of Tluinkas 
Lo<1|ie, un<l .Shake8]>eare'B play. That ijhakespeare 
was imlebted to Lodge is known. There seems some 
•reaaon for isupposinK that he had read ' The C«>kes 
Tale of <.;iinielyn,' which, however, had in his lime 
not been published. * Kbenezer Klliott, the Poet of 
Free Trade,' is d«>alt with by Mr. If. C. Shelley. L> 
spite of the praise of Lytton, "* famous" is a less 
appropriate word to apply to him than " for- 

ActouDlSfi to a p*p«r contrihaled by Florence 
B. Low to Tht yiiuft tilth f7eM/u»-(/, 'The Reading 
of the Modern Girl ' is terrible. Incjuiriea among 
over two hundred girls in secondary schoola re- 
vealed some distreaaing |>articulara. In paiier 
No. I a girl of sixteen hat never read any Thackeray. 
Dickens, Jane Austen, or Mrs. <.>a«kcll; ha« read 
part only of 'Ivanhoe'; and knows no stories of 
V^hariotte Vonge, Miss Mulock, or M is« Thackeray. 
Her ignorance is surpassed by that of No. 2, wlio 
-knows virtually nothing and nobody, but reads as 
many magazines as she can. Mrs. S. Arthur 
•^strong advocates 'An Ofticial ReRistration of 
Private ArtCollectinns," We could tell her stories 
of Government purchases, with which incidbntally 
she deals, which would, we think, make her arch 
her evebrows, Mr. C A'ernon Masniac describes 
*A Visit to the Court of the Tashi Lima.' Mr. 
Richard ItaRot deols with 'The Reviewing of 
Fiction.' with which he finds much fault, some of it 
justifiable enough. He fails, however, to suggest 
any practical reniedy. 

Kt:rF.5T English |H}litics occupy a fair share of 
The Xationai JUrUir,hui two of the moat impor- 
tant article* are tjccupied with the relations be- 
tween England and Germany. This niucli-debated 
'•abject wo will not further discuss, but will mention 
AS a coincidence that the views as tu the origin of 
the diificuitiBS between Bismarck and the Kni|>eror 
seem practically the same in the communication 
«f a writer, presumably English, hiding himself as 
Jgnotus and that of Herr Maximilian Harden. Miaa 
Edith Balfour has ranch to urge in 'Shaw and 
Jsuper-.Shaw ' again<it the recent play of that per- 
fervid genins G. B. S. She all but presnuea for 
O. B S. greater work than he has hitherto ^ivea us. 
It is snmewhrtt curious to find an article with tlie 
title 'Home Rule, Rome Ruin.' and the licnatiire 
"An Irish Nstionali«t." — 'Some Candid Iiniires- 
•ions of England,' by a licrtnan Resident, have lK«cn 
reprinle<l in pamphlet form from the Juno number 
of the Jiti'Uic. 

Ix Th<. Comhill 'Society in the Time of Vul- 
ioire,' by S. O. Talleatyr«, acarceiy riaea to the 

I '>' '^'f ita wnbJli-"'- >''^ 

'.nion of a !- 

- ft?. \fn*i ■ 
Mr. \V IJ ■ 

Shaw' is u: ...^. i 

losins »ome of his hold on his jnvc 
III his 'Freeniaii vernus Frtiude ' M' 
is just and even i;oni<rou« to Fi 
fail to indicate his defects ajs av. 
appears of ' F'nnn a College Wii. ._.. 
contenta are very good. 

A sPKciAL minilhcr nf T!i,_ Pn,'.' .If-iV ni^^ns with a 
portrait 1 I h a 

KOI id AS A 1 1 I (10. 

A more pi «ith 

his dogs, ' At 

the SliriiM- • .:cat 

Highland Ciiicf' ufe all, for dittcic4i!. t 
worthy of attention. 

"i.i. .. bow«Tcr, 
> aatrilm- 

e :»priqd. 
1 *ril 

: is 
■ fis. 


..- -^tiler 

Mr. KvKn.\Ri> Uomk — Mr. J. T. f^fl* 
writea : '* I shall he glad to be allowcil to add a (rw 
words to the noiire «>f the de«th of Mr. C«I«iiian. 
Although he had attained the Grr«>«l ai;* uf rizhlj- 
ei^ht, ho was »,-<--••■'•-• • ^: • • . • - '4(1: 

his tinal contril' i{7. 

ConoerniiiK his i : >ec 

'.>"• S. v. |»:._ He will l«3 ii.i. >.eM 

readers of ' N. i Q.,' t<» whom 1. Aiif 

to afford assistance. Nothiiit: dt:ii^ :ter 

than to be of service to llioge in n iry 

help ; and he spared no time cir ' hit 

endeavours to iiniiart infiirni&tioii gaiti, .. . "' 
from his own well-stf«:ked librarY or 'r ' 
public bbraries of London. As far ■- "ii 

experience Roe*. I had only to tell t ' »* 

interested in a snbje't, ntid I \vh.9 ■ -f, 

in course of )ioat, a i ' reforvuttsa tliutlo. 

His knowledge of tli - nf 'N. k Q-' and 

kindred iieriodicflh—L,, ■ ■; which ba 

complete Mta — was remarkable." 

9otirrf la Corrftponbrnti, 

We muni eatl tfteial atlttntiott to tkt fittltm*t 
notictt : — 

Ok all communications tnuat Im written tbenaa* 
and addreaa of the sender, not neoAMMarily for fflA* 
licatioD, but OS a guaranty* of good faitli. 

W'l: cannot undertake to advi»e i nrrrapnudcirt 
OS to the value of old books and otber objvcta or si 
to the means of disposing <if ilient. 

J. P H. ("BrcakiriK a \*nt\Ui of ste 
at the christening of a abii<").' t>«« liic Mtidatt 
«•'• S. i. 317, 373. 

T. lUTCLirrK C'Mt?. Partiitgtrti''^ — 6n tl» 
entry in Cobhani |ii' - ledbaok' 

or that in Smith's * (.' 

Leo C ("Get in tin ^^.m^ ^uau • .l. 

hundred "J.-^ee l».l**S jv. SH. 

E. ("Chin -a-chin-a- ebon -sticks 
terns").— Yoa will find the lines atttt^ ^t. o* 

Editorial commnnications slionld l>e sil li iiiil 
to "The Editor of 'Notes and Quart«i«'~— Adrar- 
tisemenis and Bnaineaa l..etteni to " Tlia Pb^ 
lioher'— at the Office, Bream a Buildiuca. U 
Une. E.C. 

K)^ 8. V. Fiji. 10. 1906] NOTES AND QUERIES. 




THIS WEEK'S ATHENuffiUM contains Articles on 












LAST WEEK'S ATHENiEUM contains Articles on 



hEW NOVELbr-Uugo; Barnabj's Bridal; The Scar; The Arrow of the North; Cache la Pondre ; 

Through the Rain ; Sous le Faideau ; Les Etourderies de la Cbanoincssc. 

OUR LIBRARY TABLE : -The Military Lite of the Duke of Cambridge ; The Comedy of Protection ; 

The Memoirs of D'Uautpoul ; New Zealand Official Year-Book ; L'Union Britannique ; Egyptiens 

et Anglais ; Part of a Man'e Life ; The Salt of My Life ; The Perplexed Parson ; Sa' Z^da Tales ; 

Crabbe's PoemR ; The NavigatioLS cf Pantagniel : The Arts and CraftA Movement; Homer* 

LippiDcott's Gazetteer of the World ; Blackie's Standard Dictionary, and other Reprints '; 

Upper Norwood Athensam. 

SCIENCE :— Oar Library Table (The Zoological Society; The World of Today); The Question of the 

N Rays ; Societies; lleetings Next Week; Gossip. n 

FINE ARTS:— The Cathedral Builders in England ; The Grafton Galleries; The Boyal Institute of t 

British Architects ; Sales ; Gossip. ' 

IfUSIC :— Broadwood Concerts; llocart Commemoration; London Symphony Concert; Gossip ; 

Peiform&nces Next Week. 
DRAMA :— Nero; The Heroic Stubbs; French Plays ; Gossip. 

NEXT WEEK S ATHEN.ffiUM will contain Articles on 


JOHN C. FRANCIS, Athmueum OfBoe, Bream's Buildings, Obancery La;:e, K.O. 

And of all Ncwsagente. 

NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo- s. v. FEn. lo. i 



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frnm Ihe lUMIOoUo TKiiniiil lt>'l Mutruh llt>i)>ftth frnni lhi> 
Alkmalc 1 nk[i.ULt«il nlUl IsttOiluctlua l/T BI'WIN COLUinB. 

'Trui*latc4 from ih« (Irbrttr. wllh tDLro<lvcitcm bj 
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T: -INGS OF LAO TZU. From the 

1 k>w w I imtlatetf aiib IMrvxlocitaa 1>I LIOABL OILW. or tb* 

IHlU.k HlU«BB< 




latr«i*(UM kj AKrUL'U Si. W.Jl,t,aSn*a, U l|» II. TB« HOUK OFOU»,SM1 KUMi. By L CAVMIUByNO. 

London : JOHN UCBBAY, Albemarle Street, W. 

NOTES AND QUERIES. no'^s. n.ioua 


Are kdrertlMd for weeltl; In 


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Bubiorltiers bikve the privilege ot a Free Adverilsemeat (of 
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8«nt fur 63 weekf , poit free, for 8«. W, borne uid LU. foreign 


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v> wo 1 1 
or SDi. <!</ I 
BUW&KJ) rPc • 
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U . »UUKlELI.BIta, 

ot Tt m« i». W«K 23(4 Btnat, New York, uid r4. nBIiroUI) STasm', 
LONIKIH. W.C , dealraionll Ui« kiudUuo ot tba nsAUINO ruaLIC 
lo Ui* MCvlianI iMUilUM preicated b; their Hnorb HooM la iMldoa 
Ivr DlllKK. on Uw mnit hTooriLbl* tclinl, ordcn lor tlMlr awa 
STAMUAKU l-UUU0AriON8,aii4 tor all AMBBI'JAN UO0X4. 
Caulofuea wat oa applteuoa. 



•me naica oi liruariak m ik« aociKrY •>» WRrTwi* to Ria 
IIAJBS.TV8 «IONBT. rewnii, h,ij *., ,k. i,.- v.. V^^ .^Y,}? 
BdmoBd. b«lBf SOW VAC^^ "."^ 

Kmed hj twin'v-flra toj. ' .^1 

tort MAKCa to, IMM, w J , 
U, York ria<4, B4JBbar«l>. •..,,. .. 
lanber lataraiaUoa maj w oWkiacA. 
Vtbraarj to. IKK 

HHiicAj, from fibtun asy 


Ji ' •upplifil. no niaiMr no wtiac lahj^et. Afikanwl«tfff*i| tha world 
Dvrr ft« Ehw moat ■xp<>ri BookAadera aitant. Ptnt« aUM wAiiia.— 
BAKdtt'0 On»t booiuliop, 14-lft. John Brlfht Scrvai, BltmLqibftm. 


KHtNCIM Vrlnicr ol tha A.htn^uut. >^«ltt „nJ Qiu-tii. Ac . U 
prrptrrd to HCHUIT K4riM*l'K!i f<pr all kind* tif HiKiK NKIIVK. 

eotf rtutiulilCAi, ruuiflMU. -13, ilr«uu* Jmil(Uai«„ caueaa 
lu«. a.o. 


l^^lr* a» 


HDGDBNOT P«DIGRBK8. in KncUiid «ad 
Vnaf* French om .4 an FuUIIm. OoUmuoa aad laa^a «f 
S.iMi M8 aDd ITiratclr FrlDlcd Onaaalof laa-C iL LAJtT Cbarm.wia 
IKMMl , lad Loadoa. —•"■•. 

" KxamlDfl fioll voar blood. R* 

Frtim JobD ntDaaiit doth brlag bl« f'^-T-- ' t«*r«iaa 

ANCESTRY, KnKlisli.Scotcli. I 
TIlAOaitlromSrATe I1B<XIKII<« Kp- 
aad ■mlxnnc Pamllln -Mr HKVNaLL-lMI AH, : i.'A-a«4nl 
KxeHr.and 1, L'pham Puk K«a^, Uktto Ick, L«*4aa, W 

MR L. CtlLLKTr: 
iMemhrral Rnrllibun 
takai the laraUhiof nl »<- 

AbatimrU fnim Willi <-h,nrr . 

l«rOoanl'«l«l >>tdi>n. . < III >..,;.•..< ^. .,- 

Abbr«fl«(tfd Latin t^", . .-..r. . t i i 

Vorvli^n K«««arv^hei ceirri.^.i . >! ' i<ih,u>' >~ . 
Prttat* cnllecltona arv woith ^'nnaultlna for i.'Juf* 

AnilqaarlaB and Hviannde MUvrlal Harehad far aaA annl^ M. ^ 
BrIUkh Mvitain aad othot ArehKn. * " "" 

('Ih« LBADKMHALL PIllSKa. . PnMlataara aa* rHaiaf^ 
aO, l«adaahail Htm-I London. S C, 
Ooantfti halrlaaa papar, nvvr which tha p«a atipa attt Mflbat 
traadeai. KUp«nc«aaen in p(*r d^tren. naivd or puia tliT ritual 
Mm, In. par doien, riilvil nr plain 

Aathnra ahnald anta that 11m I«td«Bliall Fraat, tad MaSvl ha 
taaponaiblc (or iht loaa at Mm8. kf Bra or aikarwiaa. Iiasilaala eaa*aa 
akoald ba ralalaad. •»•«— \ iiiii 

eTICKPHAST PASTE ia miles better thAti Oom 

^7 inr aiirkiar In Hcrapa. Jotnlaa Papafa Bf. WW. aad la. laUk 

•trona. uaafui Hruab (not a Tof) a»ad two > ,«r ■ ^il^a 

(or a aanipla Hixtia. Innindina Krnab Fs i ,,«| Ovut 

Laadanhall strtat. B.e. of ail aiaUoaira. >■■ ' •t>«aa. 


I t forublr rurnlahad BUtlnr-Rnora and <)n» HsdnMMti nilaaal 
and caattaL Mo otban Ukaa.~k. iI.,M, Orvi* HlU ttoa4, TaaWUaa 









Bookseller and Pablisher 

(LB.le of Sobo Siiaace), 


Speciality Iti TtieoloKV. Phllnaopbv, ArcbieOlocf. 
tiAsUoal lllalorj, anil Aatiqu Uei, Kngliab and Foiajgik] 

Catalogues published Monthly, and afnt fr 

BSTABLI3UB0 1»49. 

(ConUsuAd on Third AdTertiBemeat F««a\ 


10^ 8. V. Fin. 17. iflocj NOTES AND QUERIES. 



CONTENTS.-No. 112 
N0TB3 ;-N*l»'i»" Pi'U'ut .if PnTngff. 121 — MftK-l^'on 
Cnlle«ti Schrt.ll. 1.'.' • i:i 1.1. nni(<-'. ■■ 1»'.-G«nr«<! Jm-oli 
Ilt>lV.«k«: Oc...; llumcy-a. J. Uolyoike: 

CUvliotn una bi .Ici-O. J. Dolvfrnko, bl* 

Numc -" B<wot . ' iiiml LMitcrn— Till' Ule of 

J(«-n M«»ii uhoiil l.v llii Wiii.h -Oy<>i>* in WAn.lswortb— 
Shr«p In Cliuteh i" Wei>tinnrl«nil. l*l-H..t>t'V fjn.iims — 
•■ K.... ■ .,r Kill-." til Kli'k-Alinniiiw i>( IMI—' Oliver 

,,ptiig" — Tiiniei- «ni1 S»n(l|{»tP, U'7 — 
"^ .^; ii-Keiwiply F'^mllyiifCullpiin-Tbermo- 

iTKirr b.aJe -C.ipvrlglit In I^ - Fr»iKi= 11*11. ft 
VeiiMuelft- •■Mi«icW."-Sh»Ur-(i«i'e aii.l the .Mu.lcul 
Ola»«* -PnliUff on Honour. U'H-Ol r..liif i.,;-. <• It-r.ii_ 
Heir. Dr. SewcU — Be»iimoiil ami •"• 

MistiHnf— " •■"'•oiu thf lUick film" \- 

bulWer -Pop* LlniUi"* SUUio, I'Ai-i . .U 

-B».inf>l-M««cn(l<!r FaiiiIIv. I'<*1. , . „ .« , 

PLIBS : -P*at''iok «» n Christran* Symhol. l.'» -"T.'Pin- 
1 ',1 ■ \ < 1 R PrUnHfr *ii. K1<hI ('V hli- Dnuuhler 

■ . !l . !■ i!H. l.'tj - 


_ . '. ;■. ■„'r»phy— 

llicjiiiis liiiililiiii;* - Hn'ace 

liitf- " 

Wii<|><.ile'ii Lettpr», 

•' Si4ii)i><ik "— " J*"" 

— HAlrViiwil'-rlii • • 

— NeUoiiK Sli{M. 
■ Ill .r ii MiFi* Waii'-- 

IXI - "Pighlle": • pull-, • l.-M - 
^' Unlvcnllv-BlnUr •nil CotpriilK'' 

■ -Ooiilcn K<H«f at Iiin«l'ruPk 
. Strnml, TW -Aiilhori of 

II Ktty — NclvHi Kflic in 

. HOOKS -HaU'<|{h'i ' BiiKtiRh VnyttKeo "( the 
..,,,... 1 Cfiitury '— ■ Ilnkliiytut Piinthumus— 'Sceiiri 
ironi iM PUvl"iok» ' — ' P<M?ni» "f Lov^ • — • Bi'iikAucllnii 
i{i><»r1i* — ' Riigli«hwf>innii'» Yf»r- Book " — Tiickwell's 
• H"r*iv»'— R««^""» ' P" WofUnglon'— Northaiiiploti-hirc 
Lr|{fii'1» pii' 'i't'> Kli.vuic' 
BjolKftl'"" Ci»t«fogiir». 

SoVK reference lias been made in 'X. & Q.' 
to my Ijeiiig in poHse-ssion of the patent of 
nobility creating Horatio Nelson a peer. It 
is perlirtps ju^t ai well that I should seiul to 
•N- i Q.' a copy of this document. It is. I 
understand, llie authority to the Lord Privy 
Seal to adix tlie Great beal to the patent 
kjueif. which is doubtless iu the possesniou of 
the Nelson family. 

Tlio document is engrossed on parchment, 
and<l : — 

"To f)"r Uieht Trusty and P.iKlit \yell>€lov€il 
4>)U«in nnd Coiinoillor .John Ivirl <if Weslmorland 
KeciXir of ( )iir Friv v Se*l. Sir JIuratio Nelson K.B. 
Cfe*li'jn of B.iron.' 

The front of the document read.H as 
follow*: — 

By The King 
i\\l Triistv himI Kiglit Wel-ljulovtil L'nu.tiii ami 
jancillor VVe tJroct. You well ttiid will ah<l t'om- 
, Ihut under our I'ri vy Seal (remaining; in Your 
You causolheiieOur Lctlers to b«flircoted 
___, Clnincellfirof (Jreut Hritttin Commanding him 
,?»»t HUilcr our (JrPiil Soul of (ireat lirilaiii (in his 
[Cii»loity lifiiitf) Ho cause Ihctt' Our I^rtlerH I'atent 
\xo be iii.i<!e Forlli in form followitic f'Jeorgc the 
jTiiird liy the <irn<;e of (i<i<l i!kc. To All ArchlMxIiops 
''DukcJi Mari|uea«eM Karl* Visuouiila Bishops Btroua 
Knighta I'royuit* Freemen and all other Our Officers 

Ministers and Subjecis whatsoever to whoin these 
I'reBenta aliall coino UreelioK Know Ye tluit \\'q 
of Our esiiecial Grace certain Knowleilge and tnccr 
Motion Httve Advanced Preferred and C"r«»Rtcvl Our 
Trusty and Wel-belovod Horatio Nelson Knight of 
the MoBt Honorable Order of the Bath Rear Ad- 
miral of the l»lueSijua<ironof Our Fleet to the .State 

JXhd W«e haveApiminlmtCiven undOrantod And liy 
lliese PreHenIs for Us Our Heirs and Successors Do 
Nelson the Name Suie Degree Stile Dignity Title 
i-ind Honour of Barou Nelson of the Nde and of 
Buriiliau) Tiiorji aforesaiii unto him Oie aaid Sir 
Horatio Nelson and the Heirs Male of his Body 
lawfully bcgollen and to be begotten Willing aud 
by these presents iirantiiiK for Us Our Ifeirs and 
Successors thai the said Sir Horatio Nclton auil hjg 
Heirs Male aforesaid and every of ihenr i«iicces. 
sively may bear and have the Name State Debtee 
Stile Dignity Title and Honour of Baroij Nelson of 
the Nile and of Burnham Thorpe aforesaid And 
that they and every of them .sncceaaively may be 
called and sliled by the Nnnie of Baron Nelson of 
the Nile and of Burnlum Thorpe in Our Comity of 
Norfolk And timt he the faid Sir Horatio Ncfsion 
aud Ilia }{eiis .Male aforesaid and every of (hem 
■iiceesaivelv May in all things be held and deemed 
Barons Nelson of the Nile and of Burnham J'horpe 
aforesaid and be treate<i and repuled as Barons 
And that they and every of them succes- 
sively an<l respectively may Ifave Hold an<l 
Possess a Seat Place and Voice in the Par- 
liameiits and Public Assemblies and Councils of \Jn 
Our Heirs and SncjeHsors within Our Kiniidnm of 
Oreat Britain ftnion^st uther Bajons as Barons of 
Parliament Bn<l PublicU A»»eniblies and Councils 
And also that he the said Sir Horatio Nelson and his 
Heirs ^lale aforesaid may enjoy and use and every 
of them may enjoy and use by the Name of Baron 
Nelson of the Nile aud of Buriihani Thorpe afore- 
said all and lingular the Rights Pfivilcges Prc- 
heminences hnmunities and Advantages to the 
DeKree of Baron in all Things duly and of right 
belonging which other Barons of this Our Kingdom 
of (Jreat Britain have heretofore lionorably and 

(juielly used and enjoyed or as they do at lueseut 
Use aud Enjoy Lastly Wee Will and by these 
Presents for Us Our Heirs and Succesaors Do (irant 

to Iho said Sir Horatio Nelson that theKc Our Loiters 
Pttt^^nt or the Inrolmeirt thereof Hhall be sutlijient 
and effectual in the Law for the Dignifying Invest- 
ing and really Fiitiobliiic him the said Sir Horatio 
Nelson and his Heir» Male aforesaid with the Title 
Slate Dignily and Honour of Baron Nelson of the 
Nile and of Burnham Thorpe aforesaid and that 
without any Investiture Kites Ornanienta or 
(Ceremonies whatsoever in this behalf due and 
accustomed which for some certain Reason henl 
known to Vs Wee could not iu due manner do and 
perform Any Ordinance \J»v Cusloni Kite Ceremony 
Prescription or Provision [word undecipherable] or 
used or to 1>€ had done or per formed in conferring 
Honours of this kind or any other Matter or Thing 
to the contrary thereof Nolwilhstandiug Wee will 
also kc. Without Fine in the Hana|>er kn. in 
Witness Jtc. Witness fto. And those Ovvt \*iv.vwc» 
shall be your sulficient Wattw^v. ».w»i \i'vftOv\»x^(^N» 


NOTES AND QUERIES, tio- h. v. Ftu. n, iiwl 

Ihia behalf (livcn under Our .Sionet at Our Palace 
of \Ve»tniiii«ter the Sixteenth day of October lu 
(Ike Thirty Eiplith Vnar of Our Reign. 


The document is HtampiKl with two blue 
btaiups, and on the back a royal inonograiTi 
under a crown and letters 54. O. G. K. It 
bears a seal with a coat of arms and the 
following inacripliotis : liEOItiiitr.s m. i>, c. 
MAt;. BK, VR. ET UIB. BEX FIUE ET (word 

undecipherable); and inside hosi soit qvi 


The document was purchased, more than 
thirty years ago, with others relating 
to certain Ciieshire peerages, e ij.. Lord 
Alvanley, by your frequent contributor my 
late father, Thonia.s Hughe'^, of Chester, 
F.S.A., and lia>j ever since been in liis or 
my possession. 

T. Canst Hughes, M.A., F.S.A. 

Lantaaler. __^ 

(«ee lO"' S. iv. 21, 101, ISi, '2-M, 3&i.) 
The adverse criticism of one under sixteen 
year« of age, who had spent but fourteen 
months in ColleEe as an undergraduate, 
would gerieraUy deserve to be disregarded. 
But when the ooy, whose brief sojourn at 
Alagdaleu was varied by frequent absences, 
developes into the master of a majestic prose 
style, nis impressions cannot be so lightly 
put aside. Mward Gibbon's chief justifica- 
iioti for dragging the "monks of Itagdalen " 
before the bar ot history would appear to lie 
in the weak 'Vindication' of tiie College 
made by James Ilurdis, Professor of Poetry, 
in answer to the greater writer's attack. The 
stately aoninolenco of Waynflete's foundation 
at this perioti is practically admitted. To 
Gibbon's complaint that the fourteen months 
of his stay in Oxford were "the most idle 
and unprofitahle of tny whole life," Hurdis 
replies with elaborate abuse of the author of 
'The Decline and Fall of theKoman Empire,' 
and with the remark, " It was Magdalen 
College which returned him into the hands 
of his friends, as fitter for the society of 
the School tiian that of the College" (t'tdf 
Gibbon's ' Memoirs,' ed. O. Birkbeck Hill, 
low, pp. 18, 50, 53-73; 'Reminiscences of 
Oxford, od. Miss Ouiller Couoli, 1802, 
pr>. 133-48). Thomas Jtmner, who had been 
ejlucnted as a boy at the School, was at this 
[ time I'resident of his College and Margaret 
Profeenor of Divinity. Gibbon's second 
tut()r (whoso name he suppressed), Tiiomas 
Winchester, had beguu life as a chorister, j 

and was a tutor, and lateracouir ' , lay- 
man, of some note, in spite of th> ^i's 
disparaging remarks concerning Iikm 1 1 .luxain, 
i. loO-5). Another of the "monks'" was 
Dr. Thomas West (chorister, 1720; Jjed 
Fellow, 1781), sometime rector of Horsingion 
who "declared he had eaten the bread o/ 
William Patten for three-quarters of a 
century." He is commemorated by the 
structure (called after ids name) near tlio 
Clierwell, the cost of which was chiefly 
defrayed bv a legacy left by biin. An 
ancient building which is believed to bave 
formed part of the fabric of St. John's 
Hospital was destroyed in 1783 to make 
room for "West's Building." 1 1 is recorded 
of Dr. West that upon one occasion, on a 
journey to London, he inadvertently took 
his seat, at the half-way house, in the coadi 
from which he had recently descended. 
This, according to custom, returnwl to 
Oxford, and on repassing the bridge drew 
from the learned traveller the remark 
" Well, if I did not know that I was going 
to London, I could almost swear that t/Mt 
was Magdalen Tower !" When the unhappy 
Dr. Dodd was hangetl for forgery, some one 
observed to Dr. West, " • Ah 1 Doctor, thh ia 
sad disgrace on the Doctorate.'' K-fiiui,' 
was the reply, * he was only « Doctor of 
Laws, though I'" (Bloxain, i. U7 ; Wilson, 

From 1752. the year of Gibbon's " ' ,. 

tion, until 177G Robert Bryne wa jf 

the School. A list in his hand writ injj; re- 
cords the names of various persons educated 
thereat. He was succeeded by Tliomas 
Robinson until 1795, and he, again, by 
William Rust Cobbold until llOd. O. V. Co:^ 
chorister in 17D3, gives a curious account or 
contemporary methods of instractton, as 
follows : — 

" Havine durins one or two of hia laat ye^n bern 
a piiitjl uf Air. Cobbold, I am entitled to «|>«>ak of 
the inipreasioiiB left upon me bv his toarhins; - thrr 

are iheee — that from a bil: ■ t,^ 

trayed by his yellow-tinted [. 

qiialilicd to bear kindly ari'i ,.;;* 

ignorant boys. * Alphe/.ibeux, i>ir,' h«> would aar, 
'don't y(>u know * from :: LiHten, tir. Al-|i|>'-^ 
be-us ' ; everj; ayllable, e9pe<Mally tho t' ' ■ \„g 
iiiipresaed with n sharp cut with u ^ 

8hart>«r twiteh of an car. Indecil, r^ 

piiiiiahtnent, his fnvourite one, > ^ 

limes to th)< {lartia! tearing the < ,,| 

of It dull bojy ! Hia tcar-hiriK, \u>v. ^^ 

iiniirovenienl a|ioii that i>f his i ,. 

R'lbinson, iind tffortimlly Tire|>uit.-M 
eiiually careful, but mute luttient liuu 
Kllertoii. my Uat and highly valuoil 
Ulox^iin, iv. IX. 

In 1S17 John Keats stayed tlirou. 
September, into the beginning q( 0,.t,.t„'., 

10'^ 8. V. fkb, 17. 1906.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


with hi^ friend I^niaiiiin Bailey, afterwards 
Archdeacon of Colombo, then an under- 
graduate of Magdalen Hall. Daring hia 
visit to *' the finest city in the world " the 
poet reads Wordsworth while exploring the 
river in his boat, make.s an excursion with 
Bailey to Stralford-on-Avon, continues his 
study of Milton, and writes the third book of 
his * Eodyoiion.' The year before an Act of 
Parliament was obtained by which the site 
and buildings of the defunct Hertford College, 
formerly Hart Hall, were acquired for Mag- 
dalen Hall. 

Early on Sunday moroinK, 9 Jan., Ifl20, 
during the vacation, the guard of a mail- 
coach, passinR throuRh the street saw, and 
gave the alarm, that Magdalen Hall was on 
fire. The rtanies liad broken out in the rooms 
of an untlergraduate with a passion for the 
stage, who the evening before had given a 
dramatic entertainment, followed by a soppier, 
And iiad forgotten to e.xtinguish all thelights 
I'before going to be<l. About half of the build- 
rings of the Hall were burnt down ; and in 
1822 the members of the Hall took possession 
of their new abode (since 1874 HerlfonI 
College once more), Magdalen College taking 
over the old site of the Hall and the remains 
of its buildings. The old Grammar Scliool 
building, save the bell turret, was removed 
jIn 182», owing to the fact that the fabric 
wft« unsafe. The School, wliich under 
Henry Jenkins (1810-28) and Richard 
Walker (1828-44) was practically limited to 
tiie choristers, was for the time carried on in 
8ome of the remaining buildings of the 
former Hall ; and afterwards— upon their 
removal in 184.T— transferred to rooms in the 
Chaplain's Quadrangle. The remains of the 
nortii en(l of the old schoolroom were 
adapted by J. C'. Buckler to form the south 
front of the block adjoining them, now known 
as the Grammar Hall (Wilson. 238. 239; 
Hamilton's * Hertford College,' l.K.)). In 1829 
William Mills was apiK)iute<l the first Whyle 
Professor of Moral Philosophy : he ftad been 
educated at Magdalen School and College. 
CJeorge Grantham, Fellow of the College, was 
usher from IflOl until his death in 1840. He 
fell out of liis window at bedtime into the 
deer park, and was found there next morn- 
ing by his scout, dead with a broken neck, 
the deer crowding round him in an alarmed 
circle. "There was a fire in the antcchapel 
at that time, and Lhesurpliced boys used as 
they passed it to ilej>osit chestnuts and 
potatoes , wliich tlioy recovered wwi^itra tl 
cuct'i, when they came out" {vide Rev- W, 
TuckweU'x 'Beminiscences of Oxford.' p. 73). 
of Magdalen 

also removed in 1845 the houses facing the 
''Gravel Walk '' Ijetween those buildings and 
the corner of Long Wall. These changes 
were intended to clear the ground for the 
School, which at this time consisted of aboub 
twenty - six members, all told : sixteen 
choristers and nine or ten day-boys. But 
before the work of building was actually 
begun a question was raised as to the obliga- 
tion of the College to maintain the School 
as a place where all comers should be taught 
gratuitously, and an application was made 
to the Court of Chaticory to enforce the 
alleged obligation. The Court, however, re- 
fused to interfere, holding that the School 
was a part of the College, and that its ad- 
ministration was subject to tho control of 
the Visitor ; and the Bishop of Winchester 
at last decide<l, in IB49, against the claim to 
receive gratuitous instruction in the par- 
ticular case in question. Thereupon the 
College at once acquired a house in High 
Street as a residence for the master, in which 
he might receive the choristers and other 
boarders ; and on May Day, 1851, the present 
spacious schoolroom which occupies the site 
or the okl " (Jrey hound " Inn, was opened — 
J. C. Buckler being the architect. At the 
ceremony "an amateur choir, conducted by 
Blylh, performed without instruraonts, a 
series of pieces wl»ich would have done credit 
to tho Berlin Choir. Oxford had become 
musical" {Itev. W. Tuckwoll's * Reminis- 
cences of Oxford,' 7(j). Ill 1843 Bonjamin 
lilyth had succeeded Walter Vicary as 
Cliorjstarum Informator atque Orgauista, 
having been a chorister ten years betore. In 
1854 he composefl the music of the school 
song "Sicut Lilium, ad Choristes Coll. S-M. 
Magd. Oxon. Carmen hortativura," the words 
being written by the Rev. George Booth, B.D. 
(1791-1859). vicar of Findon, Sussex, and 
sometime Fellow of the College. John Rouse 
Bloxam, "Newman's curate at Littlemore, 
was the first man to appear in Oxford wear- 
ing the long collarless coat, while stock, and 
high waistcoat, wincfi form now adaya tho in- 
artistic clerical uniform." He not only coin- 
pilerl tho Register of the meuiherH uf his 
College from its foundation, but also 

" eatablislied tlio (lelichlful (.'bristmiiH Ivvc enlor- 
tikinment in the College Hall which lias been 
Aonual now for fifty years. Ifpld first in hia owrik 
rooms as a treat to the choriatcr*. it came about 
IHtO lo fill tht- Hid! with « hundred cuesli, or more, 
ilytnns, miols, parts of the ' Messiali,' were sung 
through the evening : the boys were foasted at tho 
\\\a\\ table, the visitors walliriK U|)on them, nnd 

. ' ' ialinas frumenty. Then, wh •■ ' ^.lit 

.1 luish fell on tlie as<)en)l .ir 


NOTES AND QUERIES, [lo^ s. v. Pt^ »?. im. 

iro\n llie tower, and *9 the ImI stroke ceased to 
vibrate, Peftfolew's 'Gloria' rose like an exhuU- 
tioii, ami sent us liuine in tune for the worship at 
well as for the fenlivily of lliu Christmas l)«y. I told thiil the gratious custom still abide*, to 
keep fresh and Kreeti the memory of dear old 
Bloxam."— Hov. W. TiickweU"* * Rcminisccneo*,' 

William George Henderson. Dean of Carlisle, 
piaster 1841-6, was succeededby James EUvin 
Millard, sometime chorister, who was in bin 
turn followpd in inerj by llichar<J Humphry 
Tlill. alio formerly a chorister, lender the 
mastership of the last name<i tlie School 
•conspicuoasly H'^urislied, the limit set to 
the numbers of the School being 1.30 V>oys— a 
•number long kept up, and c'apable of being 
j^reatly increased had the Collese so (ie»fire<l. 
"No school," savs Dr. Bloxam (iy. 33C). 
*' during Dr. Hifl's ieiKiiimbency Baine<l so 
large a proportion of Ij^niversity honours, or 
did this so continuously, or sent so large a 
proportion of pupils into acadetnic life, as 
did this ancient School of Magdulen." On 
tlie May Day breakfast of the year 187(), 
which >vas Dr. Hill's last in the oltice of 
Master, sixty- two resident members of the 
University received invitations as old boj's : 
•there were at the same time a few such 
resident also at Cambridge. The School 
possesses a portrait uf Dr. Millard by the 
Kev. W. J, JJurdett(l): a replica by \V. K. 
Bymonda of Dr. Hill ; and a portrait of tlie 
Itttter's successor, Hannan Clialoner Ogle, by 
J. Tonneau. lu 18t;8 class-rooms were added 
tfiom Buckler's desif^ns. 

Of late yeais bctth the School in general 
■and the choir in particular— under Sir John 
Staincr, Blyth's successor. Sir Walter I'arratt, 
and the (trosent Infonnator ChoristarutQ — 
have nioio than maintained their ancient 
renown, In IWU a new school house, over 
tho HrtdK»j, was completed from plans by 
Hir Arthur J. IJlomfield, and a new chapel 
built in tlioHcli(jol playground adjoining the 
College. Thu naino of the Magdalen Cricket 
■Ground gtjon back to a timo before the 
Oillogu hail any cricket club at all. when 
■Cowjny Mar»di was opon land, and when the 
crickftt«>r« who forniod the nucleus of the 
(J.l'.C.l.!. f(»und a convenient ground for 
practice in thu pai t of the unenclosed marih 
which had for some time been uso<) as their 
cricket ground by the boys of the Coll*»ge 
School, and had thus acquirefl its name. Tlio 
present beautiful I'laying Fields of eleven 
acres, leased from Christ Church, ropresonl 
the island, anciently known as Milham. 
formed bv two branches of the Cherwell, and 
•CODuecteu with the main laud by a bridge, 

.of old. The School ha.s a good rowing 

record, and has not neglected its natonl 
advantages of position with regard to tb> 

The School paper is, I believo, the olJett 
niaga7.ino still current in oonnevi..i. ^*;iha 
college of either University. 1 itn 

existence in I9.">7 as T/f Mtit' '"h 

SrJiool Monthly Af/vt-t vu 

changed in 1870 to 7" rs* 

Si'lviol Jijiinoit : and linally. in ISfju, il 
assumed its present stylo of The L(ly. Tb* 
foundation (jf tlie School has somctiiues been 
placed as early as 145*':, and it is ytOHsihU 
that Wayntlete may have inaintAintKi > 
school in temporary lodgitig*i ne&rly ■ 
quarter of a century before tho erection o( 
■lis College; but I am not aw«re of aar 





I 'in 



.,'« han? 

Vuikitt in Ui» 


evidence in support of this tf 
curious that for over four ceritiii 
tion dedicated to St. Mary M 
appropriated the three silver 
ujton a sable field of our T.'^l 
coat apparently borne, in yr 
Winchester College.^ A s. 
case of borrowing is t.. 
of King's College, C " 
however, the three roses ' 
the present coat of Winches 
paled from Laacaatriaa to 

The following extract 
accounts may be adiled . 
al>ove note. (Se^) Mr. IL 
'Mediioval Stage.' UtO.3. vol. 
' R-igister of St. M. Magd. Coll.,' tii^-. "^vuen, 
ii. 2.1.'i, Bloxam ; New Series, i. 3 ; ii. \ W. L>. 
Mac ray.) 

1481. " Pro oerothecii pro choroatU, tiiH" 

HXi. " V" die l)ui;enibris pro caruLlieci* r|«iti:o|U 
in festo S. Xich"! li, iiii'." 

148.3. "I'ro cerotheei^ tliU^ 
Nicolai duobna cliori«f 

14S4. "Tro oerolh. 
Nicliolai el ejus ' 

■ "" " ■ l,t 

loi' Miitite ittuvic . aiid tti/* 
tr> a mill wiio brought some tong« from IMt. 
Martyri, MA. 

"l"or bin diligence with reK»''d t" *»!■ >» 

play, Kendall, a clerk, was rewarde'' ^r§ 

tx-pfii'iiji minii iiii' at Xmas." 

I.iOn. "Sol. pane, cibo et aliisdatis |>u«rria la4M> 
tihna in die IVschiL', niandato Vi<^'"' ' ' 

ir>l8. "To I'errrit, Mailer of tli . .1 

tinclura el fActuca tunicn:; I'iii': iq 

Christi Bt iirocrinibus mali- ■ 

l.'>20. "Propane l»li>- V. 

pro ceroll>wi9 pueroruin in 1 

ISai. "Pro oarbonibui <■ ^ 

per custodee nepulohri, p. 1 •;• 

liieinalibu«, ii'." 

I'lGX. "Sol. Joyner, pictori, depingonti tirirt«-Bt4 
religioBoruni in iiiieutaculo Itauliao iii* in.-',.r— 

■d Iioaorem Saacti 
I in f)Mttiri ^gilf 

l.'rtMi. "To J< 
wriiinK out a 1 
S' Mary Ma|;d: ; ami 

10«>'8. V. Pra, 17, l»«6.] 



depiriKonli iK-miini ha>reaiain in snectaculo (in aiilti) 
quod choriil«runi iiiodentor (Ric, BnulL) ordiii- 

A. R. Bavuev. 

Bt. Margaret's, Malvern. 

( To bt (oniinHtd, ) 

" KT TU. BRUTK ! " 

A FRiENJ>, who had been reading Ben 
Jonson's comedy ' Every Man out of hi^ 
Humour," asked mo recently if there was 
ancient autliority for this saying, whicli 
occurs in Act V. sc. iv. I told liim that I 
had always believe<i it to be of classic origin, 
and that it would probably be found eiliier 
in Pluterch or Suetonius. . Shortly after- 
wards he showed me the " Mermaid " edition 
of the play, and pointed out a foot-note 
which atated that the origin of the plirase 
wa'i unknown. 

Jonxon's comedy was acted in 1509, and 
was prej*enle<l before Queen Elizabeth, in 
whoije honour the epilogue waa composed. 
The phrase may be leaid to Im employed in a 
jocular senne in this play ; but if we turn 
to Shakespeare's 'Julius Qesar,' III. i., 
wo 4hall find it used in all it-q tragic force. 
Tiiis work was first printed in the Folio of 
IG23, but there is evidence to sfiow that it 
was pnxluced before IGOl (S.Lee's 'Life of 
Wm. Sliakespeare,' third ed., p. 211^. 
Whether or not Jonson thought tliat his 
great rival was poaching in what he con- 
8idere<l liin own preHerves, it seems certain 
that tiie former had a dislike to this play, 
for both in Ids ' Discoveries ' and in his 
*Staj)le of N'ews' he ridicules the line in 
III. 1., which must have originally run : — 
Know, Cxvkv doth not wrong but with just cause. 
As the above mentioned comedy was pro- 
duced in lt>25, it ia clear that Jonson's 
strictures were not founded on the ainended 
version as it appears in the Folio of 1623. 
But that is by the way. 

On the expression at the head of this note 
O, L, C'raik, in Ins admirable book ' The 
English of Shakespeare, illustrated in a 
I'hiloIogicKJ Commentary on his " Julius 
Cft'sar"" (fourth ed , p. 224, Loudon, 1800), 
writes a^ follows :— 

" There i* no anrieiit Latin aiUlmrity, I believe, for 
thi* faiiioiia exolaniatioi), aUliouuh in ijiietnniu*, i., 
82, L'icaar ia made toaddreaa Brutiia kii! (ri>, t«ki'ov; 
(and thou too, my »o(i ?). It may have occurred ft<) 
it atanda here in (he Lttdti play on (he same auhject 
which is rocordeil to have L>een acted at Oxfunl in 
IS82;and it in ioniid in ' Tlie True Trtt«eiiy of 
Kicharil, Dnkr M V'-rrlfJ' firt^t printed \'\ l.TM, on 
which the 'Ti 1im .'<ixih' ia 

founded, im ' .n, entitled 

'Acolaalua 11.. ; ... liitA in hoth 

of which coQteni|iorary jiroduuliona we hare the 

same line .- 'AV /«, Bruit .' Will thou slab C.war 
loo ? • '• 

From this account one would gather that 
the phrase, employed first by Jonson and 
then by Shakespeare, so far as they are con- 
cernefl. might have been taken from 'The 
True Tragedy of Richard ' ; but the namo 
' Acolastus,' given to his poera by Nicholson, 
suggests something else. This writer is said 
to be " notable for his plagiarisms from Shake- 
speare's 'Venus and Adonis' and 'Rajje of 
Lucrece'" (Davenport's 'Diet, of English 
Literature')* &»d. as he mentions the expres- 
sion given at the head of this note, may 
he not have found it in "The Comedy of 
Acolastua, translated into our English Tongue, 
after such a manner as Children are taught 
in the Grammar School, <i:c , by Jolni Pals- 
grave. Lond., l'>40"f The original author 
is said to be '' Fullonius, William" (Lowndes^ 
p. 757), about wliom I know nothing. 

It seems to lue that the exclamation " Et 
tu. Brute !'' is very little different from that 
recordeil by the historian of the first twelve 
Cteiars in the eighty-second chapter of his 
Ufa of Julius, wiiere the assassination is 
describetl as follows :— 

" Finding himself now attacked on all hands with 
drawn awcirdtf, he wrajiped up Ikiai head in hia tuea, 
and at the aame lime drew llic Up of it over his 
leg*, that he mi(;ht fall Ihe more decently, with the 
lower rnrt of his body covered. He was slabbed 
with three and-lwcnly wonnda, feichinR n frroait 
only upon the Hrsl wound; though Boiiie nulhors 
relate that when M. lirutue came upon hiui, he 
aaid, ' What 1 art thou one of them too, thou, my 

Thomson, whose translation I have bor- 
roweil, subjoins the following note : — 

" This passage is translated as it stands in moat 
of the editions of Suetonius : but these words are 
not in the Salinasinn co|)y, and I am struuKly in- 
clined to reject their authority. It is extroniely 
im|irobahlo timt Cx^sar, who hail never before 
avowed Brutus to be his son, ahould make so lui- 
necesaary an acknowledgment to that purpose, at 
the moment of his death. Exclusive of this objec- 
tion, the apostrophe seems too verbose, both for 
the suddenness and celerity of the occasion, Unt 
this is not all. Can we Bup|)080 that Casar, though 
a perfect master of the Greek, would at such a 
time have ex|>res8ed himself in that langtiaijft 
rather than the Latin, his familiar tongue, and m 
which he spoke witli peculiar elegance? Upon the 
whole, the prohabilily is lliat. the wordu uttered by 
Ciesar were ' Kt tu. Brute 1' which, while equally 
expresaive of astonishment with the other, and 
even of tenderness, are IkjIIi more natural and 
more emphatic."— Pp. tJ.> 6, L<Miil«r>, 171K}. 

Thonjson seems to have been utiaware that 
I'tKvov is frequently used as a term of endear- 
ment. But with his conclusion one does not 
feel disposed to ijuarrel, 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [w s. v. f» k n. looa. 

Oeorok Jacou Holyo.vke : Georoe Jclias 
Harnky. — Perusal of the many tributes paid 
by the press to tlie worth of the late Mr. 
Holyoake prompts me to point ovit the 
curious agreement in tlie initials of this re- 
taarkable man and those of that other well- 
known Chartist whose name I have linked 
with his. Both also, as wo know, were 
doughty champions of tiie cause they es- 
pousedj both Bcholars an<l journalists of 
repute, and both were permitted to live to a 
ripe old age far beyond the allotted span. 
Then they were b<jth contributors to the 
p<^es of ' N. & C^.' Mr. Harney died on 
9 December, 1897, and tlisplayed to the last 
a keen interest in the methods for perpe- 
tuating the memory of Lord Byron, by com- 
memorative tablet or otherwise, as your 
columns bear testimony. Of the poet's works 
he was a great student and admirer. 

Ckctl Clarke. 

Junior Athentcum Club, W. 

G. J. Holyoake: C!(t artists an'd Special 
Constables. — In the interasting article on 
George Jacob Holyoake in 77ie Alhcmwin for 
27 January reference is made to hia recol- 
lections of old Chartists. 

I Irave oftfln wondered how many of the 
army of special coustaliles sworn in in 1848 
in Loudon, at the suggestion of the Duke of 
Wellington, to fight the Chartists, are now 
living. My brother (the late Canon Isaac 
Taylor) was one of them wtien a student at 
King's College, and bad his baton. 

In conversation, shortly before his death, 
with Dean Farrar (who waj> a friend of my 
biotlinr and at college with fiim), I reminded 
him of the circumstance, and asked him if he 
still hail his baton. His reply was that, 
unfortunately, iie was only seventeen at that 
time, and so below the legal age, my brother 
being eigli teen. Henry Taylois. 

Birklands, >Southport. 

G- J. Hoi^yoAKE: ins Name. — The form 
of this patronymic is peculiar, and one asks. 
Is it named from the holm-oak {QiietTus ilex), 
or from the mallow (Allhaja), called the holly- 
hock or holyhoke, witli endless variants'? 
The latter plant has been popularly canon- 
iTOd in connexion with St. Cutiibert as 
rnulis iSdricti Cutkberti. It ap|>ears that Dr. 
Murray calls the sullix hoc of unknown 
origin ; I would suggest a reference to the 
Celtic ock for water, Latin ayua, as in 
"aqui-folium," or hoc leaf. True, the "aqui" 
is for ncutm, or sharp, pointed, as with the 
holly, the scarlet holm ; but borrowed words 
are freely di.storted. A. Hall. 

•• BowET," AN Arcditectural Lastewt. 
— The word "bowet" is deBned in the 
'N.E.D.' as "a small lantern," and from th« 
•Prompt. Parv.' (H40) is cited " Jiotvttt, • 
lantern." In an Assize Roll, temp, Henry III. 
(Bucks, C2, m, 7) I find the same word 
applied to aa architectural lantern ur louvre, 
thus : — 

" tj'uidii* Joh's de Hertford qai jx, ■ |"ni 

benedictam iip'd Denliam cum vell^ re 

calnmhcllo^- de quoda' liuicr.'lo u .m 

de DeiihiiiTi extra eandeni et:el»si»iii iV 

Injiis de Bo>rttio iWo sup' capnd Agn' ^ It 

Deiihiim q' sedil in eociesia ilo. <| <> i. cio dM 

I do not know how early the temi laat^m 
was used architecturally in Kngland. The 
'N ED.' quotes from Boorde (1547). "Tlw 
spyre of the churche is a coryou^ and a 
right goodly lantren." 

A footnote in the Camden Society's edition 
of the 'Prompt. Parv.' undeir " Bowett or 
lanterne, lucerna Ian tenia," cito^ among 
appliances for 8acre<l uses mentioned iu the 
'Lat-Eng. Vocab.,' lloy MS. 17c. xrfi- 
fo. 4C, " ventifuga = bowyt." 

Ethel LEGA-WfiSKfic 

The Isle of Man ulowx abott bt tbk 
Winds. — Martin Csombor, a Hungarian 
traveller, who visited Englnnil in IGIP, 
states in his b(x>k 'Europica Yarieta*' 
(Kassa, IP20) that among the u^Au\• xm«,ll 
islands round the coast of Engla le 

Isle of Man (Monia)>is very ceh . >•«• 

cause it has no foundation, and is blown 
hither and thither by the winds, and than 
changes its position as much as 6U (Hun- 
garian =about 3i» English) miles. 

L. L. K. 

Dyers in Wandsworth.— It may interest 
some of your readers to know that Chancery 
suit Hodgson v. Morley (series 1714 -5R 
bundle M-'iS) is a dispute about ttuA old 
Wandsworth trade. Gerald Fotukrgili. 

II, BruBwIs Road, New Wandsworth, 8.W. 

Sheep in Church in Westmorland.— Dr. 
Crawford Burkitt, when giving rule 38 of 
the canons of Rabbuiu, viz., 

" I^t all the Prie«ls uke core for the tervic* 

of the House of Clod, and let them bf -V- ^it- 

ever is iieceiisiiry for the ordcrim; "i e, 

and l«t tlieiii not feed beast's io ibt? ' -i^X 

the House of C>od be not brought into cuuUoi^L, ' 

observes in a foot-note : — 

•* It is perhaiis not out of jdncc to i ,j^t 

uot a hundred years aKo there was a W md 

* ' Oath. AnKlioon^ haa "■ doirr«.~...oolunibak« 

I chnrch, part of which was portioned otr an a fu1<i 
L lor flheej). The paraon sat in the chancel spinning 
^K while he taught the day school."—' Early Eastern 
^^B Chriatinnity : St. Margaret'a Lectures on the 
^■^ Syriac-Speaking Church, 1904.' p. 148. 

WiLu.iM George Black. 
Dowaabill ( iardeaa, GtasKow. 

Hobby Oeooms.— The following account, 
Kiving details of the livery, will perliapa be 
found of interest : — 

Michelina«, 1677.— The iwirticulara y' were those 

delivered to W'" WatU, K^q.. one of his Maj'" 

Taylors (since deceased), to make a Livery Ci>ata 

; for Mr, Oeorjce Keene, one of his niaj^' Hobby 

' Croonies, with y* prices which wore then allowed as 

followeih : — 

3 y'' of read broad death at 10* p. y' ... 

4 V'" 4 of blew RerKO at "J" &" p. y"^ 
17 yarda of broad silke La^ce att 3* S** 

10* 8. V. fkb. 17, 1900.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


01 : 


p. y- 

■ 1>07. ; 

tonhole Lace att IS' p. y'\ 
h of Si I' Coatd Buttons at li^' . 


A Neclootve ... 
Making the Coate, etc. 

; 0-2: 04 
09 : (W 
00 : OS : H3 
00 : 01 : UO 

ToUll 06:09: 10 

Th« amounts allowed are written against 
the items in a different hand, the total 
ainoant lieing 4Z. 8s. At tlie back is a rVin- 
charge given by George Keene to the execu- 
tors of Wm. Watts for "j" sume of foure 
pounds eight shilling, wich is in full pay- 
ment for a Livery Coate due to rnee as one of 
y Kings Servants for y yeare 1C77," &c. 
This account is in ray possession. 

30, Uillmarton Road. N. 

*' Kes" or " Kese." to Kick. — This rare 
word, of which other forms are k-i/te and ki/me, 
occurs in Acts ix. b and xxvi. 14 of 'A l-^our- 
teenth Century Knglisli Biblical Version,' by 
Dr. .VnnaPaues (Cambridge, University Press, 

[iy04), a book already reviewed in 'N. & <.^. 
The learned editress notes (p. 262) on 
Acts xxvi. 14 : — 

"to kf», ' oalcitrare,' cf. above ix. 5, and Todd, 
•ApoloRy for Lollard Doctrines,* Canid. Soc., 20, 
Lotidon, IB4-i. j> 8Y 1. ]2: 'and be ko.^td in the 
wontchipping ot !>« Trinite a lone.' I have found 

^ro further instances, and no natisfactory explana- 
tion of the forma of this word. " 

n. p. L 

AiOlAKAC OF 1544.— We have within the 
Bt few years l)een repairing our old parish 
jks. One of these is an account book cora- 
Fmenciiig in 15H2(li;iizal)eth's reign). Oneof the 
binders at the Record Othce, where our buoka 
have been most excellently treated, brought 
me itn almanac which he had discovered in 
the binding nf tliis account Ixiok. It is 
veritably what wo should call a xhect almanac 
of the date 1544, printed by Richard Grafton 

in black - letter. The Kalendar I take to 
be that of Sarura. There are in addition to 
this, and as a border to tiie Kalendar, the 
signs of the zodiac, depicted in charming 
little wo(xlcuts. There are also remarks of a 
quaint kind, and directions as regards health, 
tlie weather, and eclipses. 

Should any of your readers care to see the 
almanac, I shall be delighted to show it to 
them, if they will drop me a line. The church 
is open daily between 11.30 and 2, and on 
Thursdays and Fridays until 4. 

H. D. Macsamara. 

St. Jamea, Garlick Hill, EC. 

' Oliver,' an Error. — The refer- 
ences to Dickens's mistake in 'Nicholas 
Nickleby ' {ante, p. 71) remind me of a 
curious slip in * Oliver Twist,' which I do 
not remember to have seen noticed. The last 
paragraph liegins thu.s : "Within the altar 
of the old village cimrch there stanils a wliite 
marble tablet." It would be diflicult to place 
a marble tablet " within the altar." Dickens 
probably wrote "altar rails"; for Cruik- 
shank's plate shows the rails, but with the 
tablet outside them, and apparently by the 
side of the east window. Tiie right word is, 
of course, "chancel." 

Henry N. Ellacombe. 


Wk must request corrcspondeti Is desiring xd> 
formation on family mutters of only private inlereat 
to affix tlieir names and adilroages to their queries, 
in order that answers may be sent to theai direct. 

" DDMPiNfJ."— I notice in a country paper 
that a Fiscal Reformer uses the words, 
" England will be ruined, and will become 
the dumping ground of all nations," as a 
quotation from Cobden's writings. Of 
course Cobden never made such a statement, 
but my T)oint is the use of the word "dump- 
ing." When was it first iritro<hiced in 
common use? and who was the first user in 
connexion with the fiscal controversy ? 

T. Fishek U>wn». 

1, Adelphi Terrace. 

J. M. W, TCRNER AXD .SANr»<:-ATE.— The 
recent find of Turner's pictures reminds me 
of a. query of mine at 8"' S. vi. G9. as to 
whether there were any sketches of Sandgate 
by liim, as tliere are of Folkestone and 
iiytho. Those now on view at the Tate 
Gallery are mainly of the coast. I am con- 
firmd in the reasonableness of my inquiry 
by the fact (stated in the ' D.N.H.'^ " V.W. 
Turner, when a boy iu. V»^"i, t«iv«^^'^*'^ ^''"^'^ 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [io«» 8. v. fm. n. looa. 


pnintinK in oiU " in the houso of tlie Uev. 
Ilobert >^ixon, liimself an artist, fathnr of 
thu liev. F. KuHHell Nixon, wlio wtca iiicutn- 
bent of iSarxignle, 1836-8, and afterwards 
Bishop of Tasiuaiiia. R. J. rYNMOUE. 


Maruiott of UiilllLL. — Hunter, in his 
*F. M. O..' vol. i. p. 5, reproduces a para- 
gr&pli which appeared in 77ie ShefHehl 
JiuU/fendeiit of 12 November, 1853, from 
whicJi I extract tlie following : — 

"The Marriolta derived their name from the 
town of M&rri<itt, in Normandy, wheuco three 
brotliers, RndoVph, Aiigiistino, and William, aucom- 
lauied the (Jom|iieror to EnKlaiid, and, from tfieir 
)rft\'ery at Iho Ijullle of Hastings under iJu lluisby 
received grants of laudg. According to the charter 
of the Marriotts, il appears that the Manor of 
Ugiiill, or, aa it is termed, Lgseei'liala, was given 
to them without power of alieualion. \Ve tiiul the 
Marriotla takioK an active i>art iu tlie laarons' 
wars (Adam and I'hnniaH de Marriott in IIih time 
of Edward 1.), and also in ihoRe of the KoBes, 
BKhling under De ClilF»rd (T[)oiims de Marriott, 
15 Henry VJ.). From this j.erir>d to that of the 
Civil Wars the MarrioltB were uhietly enRoned in 
foreimi wars, till al>out lt>17 we find Jufin Murrioll, 
of U^hiU. a celebrated IVrtianientariun, who waa 
Beverttt times fined or pluudered by the Uoyalisto 
of Shellield Caslle." 

Tiiere was an Adam of T'^gil and also a 
Henrv in the Ljiy SuljJiidy Hull for iJradfiold, 
25 Etfw. I. 

I shall i)e grateful for answers to the 
fwllowi^ng questions :— 

I. What is now known of the " town of 
Marriott, in Normandy"? What is its 
modern na-je ? and wiiat old maps of 
Normanfly are available for reference ? 

i!. W'hat is known of this charter of the 
Marriotts? Would it be handed to the 
Marriotts, or retained and recortlcd 1. If so, 
where should search bo made for it or some 
trace of itf 

3. Where can the fullest information bo 
obtained of tlie men who served under De 
Buisby and De Clifford ? Please reply ilirect. 
T. Walter Hall. 

II, George Street, Sheffield. 

Kennedy Family of Cullean. — I shall 
be greatly obliged to any one who will give 
me the names of all the sons of Sir John 
Kennedy, second baronet, of Cullean (Scot- 
land). Authorities accessible to nie mention 
only the three who succeeded to tlie 
baronetcy. Wm. Hand Bbownb. 

Ballimor*. U.S. 

Theumometer Scale,— I possets an old 
mirror, 2ft, Gin. high and 1 ft. in. broad, 
set iu a walnut frame, and said to be of 
Queen Anne date. In the frame ia inserted 

on the right side a quicksilver baromet 
on the left a therinorneter, with a very 
usual registering of the lemiieralare. Tf 
tube is 2 ft. long, and at the top are the 
words "extream hot ' 0, aud it work* 
down to 'Jj ("extreara cold "), or it may be 
100. oa the last lines are hi>lden in the wood 
that protects the bulb. Is there any known 
date at which this mode of registering wa« 
used. Alfebd Gill, 

Fariiiigtion Rectory, Exeter. 

CopynicHT i^ Letters.— W^hen an author 
has published in a book» for the first time, a 
letter written by some historical pcrf^on, is 
there any copyright which would be infringed 
if another author used the wliolo «jr part of 
such letter in a subsequent publication ? 

E. a 

Fkancis Hall, of VENEZiruLA. — 1 
1802 to 1807 a boy named Hall was a 
moncr at Winchester College, where in If 
he won the gold medal, given by the Prince 
of Wales, for English verse on 'The Fall of 
Babylon.' I should like to obtain particulars 
of his subsequent career. Acconling to a 
manuscript note by the late M. E. C Wnl- 
cott, ho was Francis Hall, l)ecame a u 'mtxmi 
in Bolivar's army, and was V. 
?.uela. Any information thro\v 
this statement would be welcotu«. Ii« 

*'Mi3ic'K.s." — In the churchwardens' 
count books in the parish che-st of Lyt 
Cheshire, tins word appears ; e.'j., the ansc 
mcnt of William Domvile, Esq.. in 1C91 WM< 
200^. and oL \0s., the latter l>eing made up 
by valuation for his "Misicks " 3/-, and for 
George Domvile's '* widdow" 2/. 10«. 

As no clue is to be found in the books 
themselves to the meaning of ll>e wop! 
"]*li>iicks," neither can any light be tl 
on it locally, perhaps this api>eal to a 
circle will be more successful. 

Wm. Bavucy. 



— The following sentence occurs in Mw. 
Oliphant's novel ' Harry .loscelyn ' ; ** Mr. 
Selby lin(;ered, and talked Shakespean* mad 
the musical glasses with Mrs, Joecelyn.* 
Can any of your rea<ler8 tell me what is 
meant by the allusion to the tuusicnl jrln.<;^e9 ? 

J. 1' 
[See Goldsmith's ' Vicar of Wskefiidii , 

Falstaff ox Honour.— FalsUff. in 

monologue on the es.senco of hoiK--- - 
"What is in that word honour f w! 
honour? air. A 'rim jtckuninij ! \.,,-,, 

io-s.t.fbb.17.19060 NOTES AND QUEltlKS. 129 

it? he that died o' U'ednfsdtuf" (*1 Henry IV..' 
V. i ). What is meant by llie italicized 
words I G. Kruegek. 


[No erplanation is judged nece«»ry iit Kverafce 
Kogliah editions. "A iriiii recUoning" may i>er- 
hav* be held to signify that there is not iiuiun gain 
in the )>ar(f4in that puroliast;'' "air"; while "he 
that die>i <j' Wednesday ' in hke fashion indicatex 
that honour comes to the man recently dea<l, and 
so to a aensible man i* of little nct.>onut. There is 
flu special reference l<> Wediiosday— it is simply a 
day that is past.] 

OlC PAiSTiSft, c. IGCO.— I should feel 
extremely oliliged for any irifonnalioi] regard- 
ing the subject of uii oil p».iiiting in my 
pustsesnioi). It is on canvas, 51 by G9 inches. 
In the centre of a circle of richly ilressefl 
ladies and Kenliemen, astiembled on a pave<l 
terrace, a couple perform a dance of tlie 
minuet character ; to right another lady 
plays a spinet. There i-s an architectural 
backKrouiK], with an artificial cascade and 
wo4xla in the distaoce. 

The late Mr. Graves, of Pall Mall, ascribed 
the picture to " U. Janssenx and Van Baasen." 
All the fi^iiures (a)x>ut thirly-four) appear to 
be portrait^i, and it strikes me that the scene 
reprosenti a family gathering or ft'-lfl at one 
of the French royal palace.-j or very great 
chateaux about the year lOGO. The (Kirtraits 
are very lively and r]i.>ttinctivG, although 
no military uniforms or onlers are worn. 
Among tbem are two or three children. 


IkBv. WiLi^iAM Sewell. D.D.— Dr. Sewell 
publiihed an article im 'The Clouds' of 
Ari>)t<>pliane.s in liUtrkwuod .^ Ma'jiiine. Can 
any of your readers tell ina when this article 
appeare<I 7 Mountaoue U. Owex. 

lil. High i>ir«el, Oxford Hoad, Manchester. 

Bevumost and Ft,KT<iiER : Folk-lobe 
Medicine. — Id Beaumant and Fletcher's 
* Knight of the Burning Pe.slle' there are a 
number of instunce.s of old folklore merJi- 
cine, tlie origin and significance of which I 
have not been able to trace. Can you give 
nie aasislance. either by way of direct ex- 
planation or by pointing rao to analogou<i 
instances in the literature of the sixteenth 
and seventeenth centuries? I refer to the 
belief of the Citizen's Wife that a cure for 
chilblains may Ije foun<i in rubbing the feet 
with a niouHo's skin, or rolling tliem in the 
warm etnl>crs ; also, to tlio virtue of ''put- 
ting his fingers between his toes, and smell- 
ing to them " (see Act III. sc. ii.. Dyce's od, 
of 0. and F.'s Wks., vol. ii. p. 181); also, to 
tho relief of "worms'* through the use of 

caiduus benedictus and mare's milk (p. J80) ; 
also, to Ralph's stalement that on May Day 
"butter with a leaf of sage is good to purge 
the blood" (p. 214). Was there any super- 
stition connecte<i with the notion that green 
ginger was of especial potency in curing 
bruises, particularly "i>eppernel la the head"? 
See p. IGl. 

I have likewise been unable to discover 
the legend or incident implietJ in the Wife'd 
wonis, •* They say 'tis present death for these 
liddlers to tune their rebecks before the great 
Turk's grace ' (p. I 'iS). 

Lastly, I can find no exposition of t)ie idea 
that a ring was useful in discoverin'j enchant- 
raonls (p. KJG). thougb medifcval literature 
contains abundant illustrations, of course, of 
other magical properties in rings. 

I shall be gUd if readers of ' N. i Q. will 
aid rao in any degiee in elucidating these 
points of the play, and should esteem it a 
favour to receive communications direct. 
Herbert S Mihch. 

7», Lake Place. New Haven, Conn.. U.S.A. 

"From the tukk nun."— I li*v© had in 
my possession for several years tlie following 
quoUtion, attributed to " Uicliard lirtght, 
M.P. March 19. 1809 ' :- 

" We cannot reilluniine the extinRitiahed lamp of 
reason; we cannot make the deaf to hear; w© 
cannot make the ituiab to spoak ; it is njt givoo 
to us 

From the thick fiUn to purge the visual ray, 
And on the 8iBhlle-.a eyeUU iiour the day ; 
but at least we fiin lessen llie load of atUictioii, and 
we can make life mure lolerablo to vast nninbers 
w'iio snffer." 

Are the words correctly given? and is the 
ascription right? Alfhed Burton. 

Devonshire Club, St. Jamea'a Street. 

Kirk. Glasgow SnirnuiLDER.-I shall be 
glad if any of your readers will kindly tell 
me what woulii be the best local sources for 
information concerning one Alexander Kirk, 
either of Glasgow or of Falkirk (where his 
"aunt McKcnzie' resided), who, according 
to tradition, was a shipbuilder on the Clyde, 
supplying Napoleon with sliips, and who 
certainly emigrated from Scotland to Mon- 
tre*l in 1819. with his wife Margaret 
Forrester, his son James (born 1818), and 
other chiMren. Ethel Lega W ekke.-^. 

Sunny N.,ok. Rugby Man»ion8. West Keniinuton. 

Poi'E Lisirs IN St. Paul's outside tiik 
Walls. Home -Can any reader tell mo the 
name of the Englishman whocauspd diamonds 
to be sot in the eyes of tho statue of Pope 
Linus— the second in the row of Popes rouud 
the walls of this churcti\ Id^oxi^iX. WR^*-^ 


NOTES AND QUERIES. iio<^ s. v. feb. it,' 

mention of it in any of the recent handbooks 
to Rome, aud not one visitor out of a 
liundre<l appears to notice it. The other 
day, on one of the guanJians of the cJiurcli 
being questioned about it, lie statetJ that 
"a wealthy Englis^hman caused it to be 
done." FuEDKRicK T. Hiboame 

Cross LEGGED KMcmTS. — In Cologne 
Cathedral some of the knights carved in 
Htone are represented as cross-legged, and 
others are not. Is there any period in church 
history marking the distinction ? 

Jas. Curtis. F.S.A- 

[Some notes on croas-legK^*! ettiipes will be found 
at 8"' tS. V. 166. 25'2, but they do not touch the point 
now raised.] 

Balliol.— I should be much obliged for 
information as to the descent from the 
Balliol family of any of the following per- 
sons : Any one of the royal Bruces or of 
James I, of Scotland : William Keith, fourth 
Earl Marischal ; John Douglns, second Earl 
of Jlorton : Jf>lin Stewart, fourtli Earl of 
Athole ; Archibald Campbell, -second Earl of 
Argyll; Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenurquhj', 
wlio married Jeati Stewart in ir*?-! ; Georpe 
Douglas, fourth Earl of Angus ; and Patrick 
Haliburton, fifth Lord Dirleton. 

A. Caldeb, 

Messenger Family.— I should be obliged 
for any information about the Messenger 
familv, formerly of Fountains Ilall, Vorks, 
and later of Cayton Orange, near Itipon. 
The last representative died about 180C, and 
it is the tatter part of the peiiigree that I 
particularly want — say from lOW ilowu- 
wards. Kichard THAPt'EB Lomax. 

The Manor Houae, Chatburn, ClilJieroe. 

(10"' S. V. 69.) 

L. P. Q. ASKS. How is the peacock symbolic 
of Christmas? and what is tfie origin of the 
Christmas peacock pie? I doubt if the pea- 
cock was ever regarded as symbolic of the 
Nativity. In Itome the peacock came into 
fashion in tlie time of Cicero, about ".'i b.*;., 
and was valued not merely for the beauty of 
its ^^lumage, but as an e.xpensive lu.\ury to 
minister to the pomp and pleasure of the 
emperor, and to gratify the pride of the 
opulent by seeing on their table a costly dish 
beyond the means of most men to procure. 
The banquet given by Lucius, the brother of 
Vitellius, with it« 2,iX)0 various dishes of fish 

and.'j,000fowls,i9on record, Thecxtravsgimoe 
iif Vitellius is notorious, (iib^xin, in a foot- 
note to * The Decline and Full of the Ronuui 
Empire,' vol. i. chap. iii. p. 217. says, "He 
consumed in mere eating six millioas of osr 
money in about seven months." As & pair ol 
peacocks fifty yeara later were valued at 
.'Ythens at 1,000 drachraro, or 32/. of >>"r 
money, the price of peacocks at Kome wouM 
be considerably higher. 

Horace, 'Satires,' Book II. Sat. ii. 11. £3 
remarks, "If a peacock were nerved up, 
could not prevent your eatinK it, rather tn 
a iien, because this rare biro is bought wi' 

Juvenal, Satiie i. 11. 140-13, censures tlio*e 
who devour whole patrimonies at a single 
course. How gross, he writes, is that I- 
which .sets before itself whole boars, 
suffering from the untligested peacock, vivit^ 
the bath ! 

lu England the peacock was very commi 
in the middle of the sixteenth centu 
Venner recommends it " as beat to l»e 
winter" ('Viallectaad Viam L<)ngam 
and Dr. Mullet, in ' Health's luiDn 
l(Jo'), speaks favourably of p*- 
aud says they "should be wel' 
wine, for without it tliey are i 
Massinger, in 'The City ■ 
Act H. sc. i., writes: "Men may 
country Christmasses or Court v\ 
their pheasants drench'd with >' 
the carcasses of three fat wethers i 
gravy to make sauce for a sin^!'' i' 

Tlie only mention of Chri-^irri jfacock 
pie that I have found is in SVasinugton 
Irving's ' Sketch- Book,' published in 1S2<5^ 
where he describes "the Cliristraas dimi 
at Bracebridge Hall, and tlie butler brinj^ 
in the boar's head with a lemon in his ioou| 
the ancient sirloin, the standard of old Et 
lisli bospilality, and 

"a pie mapnilicently decorated with peac 
feulhers. This the squire confessed w»» a i.he, lliou^h a peacock pie wns certainty tl 
authentical : hut there h»d heen »uch » tn. 
among the peacocks this Reason ihnt he couia noi, 
prevail upon hiinuelf to have one killed." 

A foot-note adds : — 

" The peacock was anciently in (tre«t demand 
stately enterlaininenla, «oinetinu- 
at one Olid iif which the head ni 
cruHl in all ita plumage; at the ' 
WM disiilnyecl. Siicli pie« were ici vod it| 
iiolenin hanquem of chivalry when knigiit 
ple*li{ed iheinsolvea to undurtakc any 

In Moustrelot's ' Chronicles,' tn«' •^■■ 
Johnes, vol. ii. chap. Ixxxii., a v.r 
tliis kind '•- I'^cribed, when n. ., 

v^ 8. V. fkb. 17. 190C.J NOTES AND QUERIES. 


embassy arrived at Tours from the King of 
Hungary and Boliemia. A licrald put on 
tlio banqueting table a live peacock, in order 
tliat all who wished to make any vows might 
do so; upon whicli "two knightq of the 
embassy did make vowa to perform a deed 
of arms, and another to hold a tourney ; but 
there waa no peacock pie, and " when the 
dinner was ended, the dancings be^an.'' 

James Watson. 

To L. P. G.'s queries I would suggest 
the following answer. The peacock is in no 
sense symbolic of Christmas : but Christmas 
among Teutonic nations became the ciiief 
banqueting-day in the year, and the peacock 
Mra9 from ilmuao times asHociated with the 
most elaborate of banqueLs. Compare 
Juvenal, i. 143, "Et crurium pavonem in 
balnea porta**,'" with Cicero, 'Ad. Fam.' ix. 
18, 20. 

Tlie author of ' Domestic Life in England ' 
(1835) at p. 34, says of the fifteenth cen- 
tury : — 

" Ainoug the f«n>ous diahes at the nioro iiiletidid 
eot«rUininenu was the ' ixMCOok enkakyll [as lo 
the nie»niii|; of this lutier word I cannot. ha/.arJ a 
guess], the receipt fordressins which directed Ihnt. 
'for the feast ruyfti, peacocks shall be dight in this 
'manner. Take, and Hay oft' the akin with th« 
feathers, tail, and the neck and head thereon, then 
take theikin, and all the feathera, and lay it on tlio 
table abroad, and strew thereuu ground cummin (a 
warm scetl), then take the peacock, and roaat iiini 
and baiito liini with raw yolks of cuRft, and when he 
ii roMtod, take him oif ami lot him cool awhil<.<, 
and take and aew him in hia ekin, and cild ht< 
oonib, and «o serve hint forth with the la«t 
course.' " 

The author cited does not give the 
source from wliich lie derives the above 
quotation. Presumably it is of fifteen th- 
century origin, with the spoiling modernized. 

The place of the peacock at Ciiristmas 
banquets is, I tliinlc, at preNent occupied 
by the cygnet. John B. vVAl^fE\VRI(JllT. 

Probably there is no ground for associat- 
ing the (ieacock with Christmas further than 
that it was an expensive dish, and therefore 
desirable in the celebration of the great 
Christian festival. Bej'ond this, the peacock 
can only have been commemorative of 
Christmas because of the supposed incor- 
ruptibility uf its flesli, and, perliapa, from a 
little more enlightened point of view, of its 
renewal of life in changing annually its 

Elumage. In folk-lore the superstitions re- 
.ting to the peacock — the association of its 
cry with wet and cold weather, for instance 
—are not necessarily, perhaps, relics of the 
reverence in which the bird was held, 

as it appertained especially to Juno, who 
was borne through the air in a chariot 
by this means. Identified with Juno, the 
peacock, however, was well calculated to 
be a terror to " serpents " : "By his voice ho 
frightens serpents, and drives away all 
venomous animals, so that they dare not stay 
where his voice is often heard " (' Hortus 
Sanitatis,' Bk. III. i^ 03). Fairholt thinks 
that it was adopted as an emblem of llie 
resurrection by the early Christians, because 
it is represented on Boman coins as bearing 
tiie einpre.ssos up to heaven, as the eagle does 
the emperors. But wliile the bird does uot 
occur anywhere, apparently, in ancient art 
in connexion with Christmas, neither di>es 
there appear to be any ituiisputable evidence 
of its association in that respect with the 
resurrection. As an emblem of immortality, 
because of the presumed incorruptibility of 
its llesh, the peacock is figured on the cata- 
combs, thougli not so frequently, I believe, 
in that emblematic sense a.s the dove. The 
peacock appears in more than one instance 
in association with tlie palm-tree ( t the tree 
of life). A sarciiphagus in the Bavenna 
^luseum is said to bear a peacock, a palm- 
tree, and the Christ monogram in juxta- 
position, and in the British .Museum collec- 
tion of Christian rings purchased of Mr. 
Uamilton is one of tlie seventh or eighth 
century, said to l>c among the finest known. 
It is an oval bloodstone, with a palm-tree in 
the centre ; on each side is a peacock, and it 
bears the in8criF>tioti ANA:ST.\:ili: T(JY 
AHMOY. J. HoLDEN MacMichabl. 

Ii, KIgin Court, W. 

"ToPINAMDOu" (10"" S. v, 66).-The tojun- 
II infj'jiir of the French is the root of a iSoutli 
American sunllower, lldinnthiu tulcrogHS, 
formerly cultivated by the native tribes of 
the Mississippi and Ohio valleys. Its sup- 
posed Brazilian origin led to its receiving 
the name of a native tribe of that country, 
who were allies of the French. 

The Camp, SnnninRdale. 

In the ' Diccionario Enciclopwlico His- 
panoAmericatto' (Barcelona, 18f»7;one finds; 

'• Tnoinamhatx: m. pi. Ktuog- Tubus m^iiKenas 

de la America meridional Dondeouiero (pie se 

eatableceii, 8i no hallan lierra de labor, dernban 
gran iiiiinero de arboles. l>os "•'Ja" nvcuv, loa 
.pieitiftu, renuieven el suelo para nieiolarlo con Ia« 
cenizas. y con eiilo lo lieneii prepurado para el 
eultivo. I'lanlao al inatante lu nioudioca, ipic 
Ik-K* ;i aay.on li lo* aeia meao«, y con la que hacen 
delKiulas lorta*. t'urecen de aal. pero la «ur)len nor 
la piniieata, eon ipie aa7:onan lodiw bus via" 
De \q 'lue cae««ii viertea eo. ^i^\«Xa*a*x 

ue hacen 

iplen nor J 

via'* * J 

NOTES AND QUERIES. uo"- h. v. ii:n, 17. if 

Acecinan juif el pescaHo oonjo la carne. L»a bebidas 
1m aacaa todo:* tie la mandioca." 
Is the "mandiociv" tlio plant to which Mu 
J. Platt refers t The allusion to the pre- 

Caratioti of the soil for cultivation by the 
urniiig of trees reminds me of Iheetymolovty 
which I proposed in the Ti'insactions of tlie 
Philological Society of Ijontlon for fifrria, 
erriH, which means the land, the country, 
and even the town in Hawkish. In that 
lan^ua^e the word rcjt'i = the hiirnt, is, in 
most of the dialects, pronounced in the same 
way; thouji^h wiihout the definite article '(, 
the e final would he sounded like English n. 
The burnt land becomes sowable, plough- 
able, inhabitable. EDWARD S. Doix";soN. 

A.OIL (10"' S. V. GO).— 1 have never met 
these letters on printed books as indicative 
of the dat-e, but tliink that they must be the 
initials of the printer. Printers frequently 
did not give their full name. Of course, 
without seeing ihe arriingeiuent of the title- 
page, it is almost impossible to give a satis- 
factory renly. LUDWIG KoSENTBAL. 

KildegaruslraMe, 10, Munich. 

Tiie ' Dizimiario di Abbreviature,' pub- 
lished by Iloepli at Milan, gives "Amico 
optituD requicH" as tlie extension of the 
alx)vc initials. Whether this rendering coulil 
be made to Rt in, a perusal of the full title- 
page would show. BllEUliOKNE. 

(10"' S. iv. 307, 3r,3. 4:}-2 • V. 31).-A chapbook 
was published at Norllminplon, alxjub ISttO, 
entitled 'The Affectionate Daughter: an 
Account of Antonj' Miilina, whose Ijife was 
saved by Milk from his Lhiughter's Breast.* 
W. (JunzoN Veo. 

Richmuiid, Surrey. 

TriE KiN<; ok Bath (lo"- S. v. 28, 75).— 
Mr. C. Van Xoupen has kindly sent me the 
folfowinn particulars. whi«:li, as ihey are 
taken from Lhe annual 'tJuideto BatJi,' may 
be Iru.steil. 

Tiie Duke of Beaufort instituted ihe 
oasentljlies circa 1700. The first four M C.'s 
were Capt. Webster, B(>au Nash. Mr. Collet, 
and Samuel Derrick. For an account of the 
rival candidates, after the death of Derrick 
in 1709, Vide 'Battle of the Belles on y" 
Election of a King of Bath," in The Orford 
Jfainuine of the same year. Both 
candidates retire*! in favour of Capt. \Va<le, 
who reoigned in 1777. Two Assembly Itooraa 
now existed, and a king ruled over e«ch ; 
in the New Iloi-jms, Mr. Dawson, 1777-85 ; 
Bichard Tyson, promoted 1785 ; and in the 
Lower Booms, Mr. Brcreton, 1777 -80 j 

Richard Tyson. 1780-85: Mr. King. A 
portrait of Capt. Wade ny OainslxirouRh 
was sold recently at Cliristie's. Mr. Van 
Nordeo concludes by informing nie tliat he 
has portraits of all the above (taken princi* 
pally from the ' Bath Guides'), e.xcept Mr. 
Collet, which he believes exists. From these 
particulars it would appear that tlie New 
llo(>ms wore called the "Upper " Rooms, 

If, as W. T. affirms (in answer to my 
surmise). Capt. Wade became Master of 
Ceremonies at Brighton, then it must lia\-8 
been his daughter who was concerned in iba 
notorious ciiae ciUibre with a tailor nainod 
John Motherill in March, 1786. Capt. Wra. 
Wade himself was the co-respondent in the 
divorce case which John Houku Campbell, 
Lyon King at Arms for Scotland, brought 
against iiis wife in December, 1777, and a<t 
this was the year of his retirement ftoin the 
throne of Bath, it may have been the cause 
of it. Horace Blkackuky. 

Fox Oak, Walton-on-Thainea 

Philip Thicknesse, Lieutenant-Governor of 
Landguard Fort, in Suffolk, from 17r».l in 
17150, was a frequent resident in T i 

inrluccd Gainsborough to reside thei 
the winter months. For an &< 
Thicknesse, with a portrait, see ti)e 
of Landguard Fort,' by Major L ■ 
1808. Carlyle always speaks 
waters as '"The Bath," and of ;.-.v 
town as "The Devizes." Smu 
several scenes at Bath, not only iu '11 ;^i. . 
liandom ' and ' liumphry Clinker,' but abo 
in ' Peregrine Pickle.' 

John PicKroaP, MA. 

Newboume Rectory, Wuodbridge. 

Cromwell House, Hkjhoatk (10"» S. ir. 
48, 135, 437, 189) — I aiu glad to learn that 
Mr. J. CoLYKR Marriott has prepan-d ,i 
history of the parish of Hnrnsey. 1 lo<»k 
forward to its publication with considerable 
interest, and hope to find ihnt the author has 
settled .satisfactorily the question of Ueuerai 
Ireton's occupancy of Cromwell Hoawj. My 
thanks are duo to Mit. MAUiuorr and 
CoL Pripeaux for calling attention to an 
erroneous statement of mine— arising from 
some confusion in tiote book* — in making 
Prickett responsible for asserting that tlie 
Countess of Huntingdon who re-sided at 
ilighgate was the celebrale<i lady who 
supported Wesley and Whit.ofield. lofieraii 
unstinted apology to the shade of the indu«* 
triou.s historian. It is Howitt, and not 
Prickett, who makes the incorn^cl a- 
I was aware that W. H. Gibson woci 
medal offered by the committee of the 4jis"- 

10* jj. V. nu, 17. woe.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


gate Literary and Scientific Institution ; but 
there is every reason to telieve that Prickett 
was a competitor. The term " prize essay " 
was applied to hia production in i^ome 
magazine or newspaper paraKraph wliich I 
came across at the Kritish Museum. Whetlier 
it may be applied to each einay written in 
competition for a prizo, or must bo confinwJ 
to tlie winning esnay, I am not prepared to 
decide. So doubt " as a prize essay, " as 
suggested by Col. Pbideaux, is u belter way 
of describing a work which fniLs to win the 
prize. Henky Johnson. 

Ben Josso-n and Bacon (lO*'' S. ii. 469 ; 
iii. 3o, 94; v. 31).— Q. V. will find Tenisoii'ii 
' Bacouiana ' at the British Museum, in the 
" MiscelUnPous Collections" section of 
Francis Uacon'it works. A. J. Williams. 

"Famous" Chblsea (lO'** a iv. 366, 434. 
470, 517 ; v. 33, 95).— [ should like to add a 
few words to my reply at the last reference. 
To show that Coalchyih is really A.S- r/t<il/i 
tvhitrf, it would seom that some furtlier 
evidence than that wiiich Mr. llegiiiald Hlunt 
adduces in hi.s * U and book of CheLsea' is 
desirable as to chalk having been lauded 
here in such quantities a.s to render tlie 
existence of a wharf necessary. This ety- 
muiogy certainly Reems the moat [>Iausible, 
and there may, of course, have been some 
uao for the chalk lx!iyond that as material 
towards the erect ion of the more ancient parts 
of the Old Cliurch. The name of Chelsea in 
one form or another certainly existe<i long 
before the tiu»e — tlmt of Edward II.— in 
which anj- record nf the rectory is known to 
exist, ijrnlc would mean "stone "as well as 
*• chalk," and the very ancient north yard 
wall of Chelsea Cliurch, mentioned by 
Bowack. was o{ ffinl stones, so that flinta 
and chalk, ncillior ■>f them indigenous, were 
ironarte^h pt'rhaps in quantities sufKcient not 
only for the requirements of the remote 
bamlet of Chelsea, but for those of the neigh- 
bouring part« of the country. Sir Hkriucrt 
Maxwkll (10"' a. iv. 470) haa, I think, con- 
clusively shown that Cealc-hythe- Chalk- 
hytit in at least a ivjssible etymology. 


** DitiNKisus" : '* DiuNKiN*; Timk" (10"' S. 
IV. W»«; V. 52). — I well remenjl)er the wooden 
Ixjttlfs. shajx'd like uiininture barrels, to 
wliirli Mr. w. W. Olesnv refers. They were 
ill ' use among tlie field labourers in 

N . lonshirc when 1 was a boy. It 

wa» not at all customary to carry a drinking 
vess«il with them, the invariable metlxxl 
being to drink direct from the bottle. How 

tho regulation quantity was assure<l to each 
drinker I do not know, hut I have no recol- 
lection of any advantage being given or taken 
in drinking. A"awoller" (swallow) of J)eer 
was the common expression, an<i I wa.s by 
no means averse to having my "swoUer'* 
with the rest at "nunchin" time. I have- 
seen these wooden bottles in use recently,, 
but an earthenware jar and glass are now 
mostly in vogue. Jous T. Page. 

LoiiK Itcltinfiiton, Warwickshire. 

OscAK Wilde BiBLTor.EAriiY (10"' 8. iv. 
266 ; V. 12). — 7'Ae Dai It/ Teler/raph of 11 Dec.» 
1905, contains an account of the first per- 
formance of Richard Strauss'a opera ' Salome,' 
founded on Oscar Wilde's drama of the samo 
name and produced at Dresden on 9 De- 
cember. S. J. A. F. 

To tho volume 'Oscar Wilde,' by Carl 
Hagemann, ll>04, there is appemlod a supple- 
ment containing a bibliography. The in- 
quirer might also glance at the same writer'& 
' Oscar Wilde," 1905, p. 216. 


I (10"' S. iv. 44S).— An example of this expres- 
sion occurs in the ' Disiry (1618 to 1CT9) of 
the Ilev. John Ward, Vicar of .Slralford on- 
Avon,' arranged by Dr. Charles Severn, and 
published in l.'^39 (p. 21S)); "What need a 
man care what hurly-btirlies are without, if 
that bird in his breast sing sweetly ?" 

W. II. B. PlilDEAUX. 

Bream's BuiLuiN<i3 (10"^ S. v. 66).-;-A 
pedigree of Henry Collier, who died 
13 August, 1743, is in Misc. Gen et Jlet-.y 
New Serieo, pp. 125-0, contributed by 

Reginald Stewart Boddin<;ton. 

Horace Walpole's Letter-s (10"' S. iii. 
.386 ; iv. 158).— I am much indebted to Y. for 
his reply to my inquiry respecting a letter of 
Horace Walpole's, and 1 would again bespeak 
his kind a.ssislance, or that of any other of 
j'our readers, to enable me to identify, in 
Mrs. Toynbee's edition, the following letters, 
which appear in vol. i. pp. 127 and 440- 
respectively, of tho ' Private Correspondence 
of Horace \ValpoIe, Earl of Orford,' 1H20 :- 

To tho Rev. Mr. Uirch. , ,__ 

Woolierlon, 15lh (Auk.). I.*-^- 

Sin. , , ..I 

When I WM Utely in town I wm favoured witli- 

ynuia of 2lBt pant, but my sluy there wn» •» «liort, 

and tny hurry »o L-real, thai 1 had not time t" Ht-» 

• vdu, ai I inlciKleil: as I am ),eriiua<le<l lh*t 

' in mure oiiimIjU- than yniireclf. in all rv»iw<ns, lo st-t 

ilia iole inaji3"ly 8 icinn in a Iriio light. I am ^ui 

there ia nobody to wlioin I would \vk,«st« xwa^'^.'S % 



NOTES AND QUERIES, [lo* 8. v. fw. 17. iws. 

my aaaiat*nce, aa far fts I am able ; but, as I h»ve 
never wrote anything in a historical way. have now 
and then euugesled hints to others as they were 
writing, and never published but two pamiiFileta— 
oae waa to justify the taking and keeping in our 
pay the li'.OCK) Hessians, of which I have forgot the 
title, and have it not in llie country ; the otlior was 

itublished about two years since, entitled 'The 
uteresl of Great Britain Steadily Pursued,' in 
Answer to the pnni]>hlets about the Hanover forces: 
I can't telt in what ruanner, nor on what heads, to 
answer your desire, which is conceived in such 
general terms : if you could point out some stated 
limes, and some particular facts, and I had before 
ine a sketch of your narration, I ^terhaps might be 
able to suggest or explain souio things that are 
<;ome but imperfectly to your kuowledge, and some 
anecdotes might occur to my memory relating to 
domeatic and foreign alTairs, thatnre curious, and 
were never yet made public, and perhaps not proper 
to be pablifihed yet, jiarticularly with regard to the 
^Iterati'jn of the ministry in 1717, by the removal 
of my relation, and the ineasuren tlint were pursued 
in consequence of that alteration : but in order to 
-do this, orany thing else for your service, requires a 
personal converaation with you, in which I should 
be ready to let you know what might occur to 

I am most truly, 
Your most obedient and most humble servant. 

To the Rev. Henrv Etough. 

WooJtfcrton, Sept. 10. U^w. 


1 cannot forbear any longer to acknowto<lge I lie 
many favours from you lately ; your lost woa the 
Hih of this month. His majeaty's speedy arrival 
among his ISritish subjectji is very desirable and 
necessary, whatever may l>e the chief motive for 
Jjia making hnaio. Ah to .Spain, 1 have from tlie 
beginning told my friends, wJien they asked, both 
in town and country, that I was not at ail appre- 
UcQBive that Spain woufd join with France against 
U8 ; for (his plain reason, hecause it could not 
posHibly I>e l!io )titor«Btof the i^paniarda to do it ; 
for should the vi«ws of the French take place in 
making a line of farts from the MissiKippi to i.'anada, 
and of heing maRtors of the whole of that extent of 
country, Peru and Mcxicu, and Florida, would he 
in more danger from them than the Uritish settle- 
flients in America. 

Mr. I'owie han made me a visit for a few days, 
and communicated to rue your two piecea relating 
to my brother and LonI IJnlingtiroke. and I think you 
-jfo great justice to them both in their very diifereut 
and opjiosite charoclent, but you will give me leave 
to add with respect to Jord Orford, tliere are 
several mistakes and misinformations, of which 1 
nm jierauaded 1 could convince you, by conversa- 
tion , but t»y observations are not pro|)er for a 
letter. Of this more fully when I see you, but 
when tlirit will be I can't yet tell. 

I aru over most afrectionatcly yours, Ac. 

Neitfier of the above letters appears in 
the index volurue to Mrs. Toynbee's valu- 
able work. No letter to Dr. Birch earlier 
than 1758 appears in the 'Li-it of Corre- 
spoiirieiitu,' and no letter at all is itidexed as 
addressed to the llev. H. Etough. 

I should like to point oat that in }ier 
note 3, vol. xiii. p. 240, Mrs. Toynbee is 
iu error in calling the Earl of Strath- 
more, who WAD the f^r)<t husband n( Mary 
Eleanor Bowes, the sev -" irl. Uo wa« 
the ninth earl. Fi . Relton. 

9, Bro-jglilon Road. Thoiu.... . :ii. 

'• PlonTLE " : " PikLR' (10" S. V. 2G. 93).— 

I believe Mu. Whitwell will find this word 
on some of the maps of XIarvlebone Park, 
t: 17G8-18CI0. in the Grace Collection (Map 
Portfolio xiv.) in the Print-Rootn, British 
Museum. I say this from recollections of 
four years ago, when I had occasion to study 
those maps very carefully ; but I cannot now 
spare tirae to verify it. ify impression is 
tliat the name waa applied to a stnall en- 
closure immediately adjoining one of the 
inns, which was probably a dwelling-hou^e 
of the seventeenth century. 


Winchmore Hill, Ameraham. 

Blount's ' Qlassofcraphia,' 1074, sars that 
picle, pitlir, or pi'/htel signifies "a little sn)*11 
close or itjclosure.'' In Dr. Adam Littleton's 
'Syllabus Vocabulorum,' 1703, \&" I'trullum, 
a Pkd or Pighld of ground, a little c/ase, 
a Phi'jle." The word ytimjle is still in <Mmmon 
use in the Miillands. In H«m> Xicolaa's 
'Notitia Historica,' 1824, at p. 137. a "pick 
of land" is stated to be "a par(>el of land 
that runs into a corner." This ilefiuUton is 
not satisfactory. The i in ptkit would bo 
sounded long, ivs in jiike, and prolxably also 
in pii'ttl, which occurs in the old d«*«Ml j+ct out 
by Mil. WriiT\VKi.L. I'lck would in early 
times probably have the same sound as I'lXv, 
for we get " right" from 7tctuA, and Wight 
(the isle) from Vectis, and some of the old 
chronicles wrote Pights for the Pict-s (Gibson's 
' Camden,' pp. 1081-6). J't'j/tt was also an oW 
form of tlie past participle pitched ('Imp. 
Diet.'). Pigktd moat probably luoant a piece 
of ground staked out or fenced with ««trong 
paUugs or palisades. Such prot* uid 

a homestead or a foldyard wouhl I iry 

in primitive times. \> . i;. ii. 

I have to thank Mr. Addv for his early 
quotation, and Mr. W. Farkgr for a most 
valuable series of quotations, which I have 
handed to Dr. Murray. 

These quotations make it necdle<99 to look 
into the High Wycombe i It is 

possible that the word in 'I. k I ' ia, 

after all, not pi'jhih in >\u\, lurm, but 
l^trtli-nluf^. H. l", Bilej' (who rcixirtw) on 
the book) may have been an Efi ' * 'iti. 
or may for some other reason hi . tyi 

that the dialect word piijhlle is i.ii^n-Mi tot 

10* 8. V. Feb. 17. imi NOTES AND QUERIES. 



jiarticuJa or />articHlu$. That miatAkon 
oelief J8 apparently held bv the caleudarer 
of Uie Charter Roll:! (19<.13). f itiding the word 
jii'j/ttlc in abstracts of documents of 1238 and 
1239 in the ' Calendar ' (233, 246), 1 looked up 
the originals, and found in ll)e first case 
"cam particalo prati (jui iacet ex australi 
parte eiusdem molendini," and in the second 
"pat-ticuli prati." A reference to the 
' English Dialect Dictionary ' will show in 
how small an area tho word is now used, 
aJthouKh formerly common from Lancashire 
and Yorkshire southwards. The Rev. 
Andrew Clark tells me that in the part of 
Essex that ho knows a ni<jh(U is {'t) a small 
(6) enclosed (c) pasture (a) close to a house, 
ami universally called pikU. 


*'S.(.\mbok": its Projjusciatios (10«* S. 
iv. 204, 332. 512; v. 35, 02).— I am sorry to 
prolong this corre^spondence, but 1 really 
must protest aeainst the foolish piece of 
" popular etymology " quoted at tlie last 
reference from Keane's * Boer States.' The 
initial sound of ijumfjok varies in different 
Dutch dialects — one meets with at least 
three forms, *i>tmbok, tjambok, iiuubok — but 
tho final k is never absent, so it cannot 

I)09sibly be evolved from mmbn. Its real 
iist»)ry is perfectly well known. The three 
Dutch spellings given above correspond 
almost exactly with the Malayan tjixjmk, 
Javanese mnibuk, Jtc., and these Malayo- 
Javaneso equivalents do not mean "buffalo." 
but have the same sense as their Duten 
derivativfts, i.e., *• whip." How can one 
doubt ? I need only add that the Malayo- 
Javanese etymology is that whicli has 
received the hallmark of Prof. Skeat's 
approval. Jas. Platt, Jun. 

"Jamiw" Univehsitv (lO^-S. v. 47, 02).— 
Another claimant to this designation uiight 
be "King James's College at Clielsey," of 
whicli there i« a long account, with an illus- 
tration, in Faulkner's ' History of Chelsea,' 
ed. 1829 ii. 218-34. This institution was 
projected by Dr. Matthew Sutcliffe. Dean of 
Ezetor (of whom there is a memoir in 
•p.X.B.'), in the early part of the reign of 
King James I., and wa.s intended as a College 
for tho study of polemical divinity. The King 
laid the first stone of the edifice 8 May, 
I<X)t», and the charter of incorporation was 
granted on the same day in tno following 
year. Notwitlistanding royal and episcopsd 
patronage, it did not prove a success, and it 
Kradually died of inanition. In lfi7() the 
buUdiog was granted to tiie Royal Society, 1 

wiiich never made use of it ; and five years 
later it was again transferred to the Crown, 
and the Royal Hospital was partially erected 
on the site. W. F. Prideacx. 

Wn.UAM Blake and S. T. Coleridcb 

(10"' S. V. 80).— Mr. Dobell will find in an 
interesting letter to Miss Wordsworth, printed 
in H. Crabb Robinson's ' Diary " (vol. ii. 
p. 32.0), a statement by the diarist that 
" Coleridge has visited Blake, and I am told 
talks finely about him." 

Not having read the article to which 
reference is made, I may be thought 
hazardous in risklug an opinion as to its 
authorship ; but as Crabb Robinson was 
iiititiiatoly connected with University College, 
and had previously — in 1810 -written a paper 
on Blake for a German magazine, it is just 
possible that the article in question, in The 
Lonthn Univcraitij Maga.ine, may have beea 
contributed by him. S. Butteeworth. 

HAIR-PoWDERINr. CL0.SET3 (10"' S. iv. 349, 
417. 4.'}3 ; V. 57, 05).— The replies kindly made 
to my query have not, except in one in- 
stance, touched the arrangement attributed 
to tlie closet in Kew Palace. The closets said 
by correspondents to have been used for 
powdering appear to have been simply dress- 
ing-rooms such as at the present day accom- 
pany bedrooms in liouses of even moderate 
capacity ; or perhaps the old closets referred 
to were peculiar only in their diminutive- 
ness It is not shown that there was any 
method of powdering the hair while at the 
same time the dress was protected from the 
powder, excepting the arrangement described 
at the secona reference, where the head was 
thrust out between curtains, behind which 
was placed the subject of the toilet. 

At Kew, however, it is told tliat a small 
-sash- window set in a solid partition was used, 
tlie operator at one side, Iho operatfd on at 
tho other, the head, or rather the neck, being 
laid on tlie sill (the height convenient) in the 
manner suggestive of the guillotine. The 
ellicacy or comfort of such an arrangement 
appearing very doubtful, small credit can be 
piven to the repute<J use of the little window. 
Its probable purjiose iieing simply t-o trans- 
mit borrowed light to the closet, the tra- 
ditional service of which is fully creditable. 

W. L. Button. 

An inventory, made in 1790, of the man- 
sion at Benliall, Suffolk, mentions the "ladies' 
powdering room." Edward Duke, the first 
baronet of his house, built this seat, culled 
Benhall Lodge, in 1C38. It passed «>is.ca55!.- 
sively to the TyrcW% w\vi ^X^s^ '^nx?Jv«»^'»s»* 


NOTES AND QUERIES. tio*» 8. v. kiuj. 17. is 

was purchased by Admiral Sir Hyde Parker 
in 1801 : he died 1S07. The next propiietor, 
Edward Holland, puUetl down the former 
house^ and built the present, Sigma. 

Golden IJoof at Innsbruck (10"^ S. v. 89}. 
— According to Bae<lek©r, 

" Tlio Mioldne Daclil/ a ^iUled copper roof, covering 
a licit lato-Uothic balcony couatrucled in 14'-'.'i, be- 
long to u pttlacti wbich ijount Frederick of 'i'yrol 
• witli tlioenii'ly pookeU' ia^ftid to have built at a 
cost of :W,UlKJ diieal* (*bout 14,<X)(I/.) in order to 

refute the iiii|iiil&tion in his nicknanie The 

naiiitiiigs on the outer wull reiire-o^iit the Enijieror 
Maximiliau and his two wives, i«u<l the well- 
executed armortul beariiii;^ in niiiibte ajoniinemorate 
the restoration of the baloutiy by that ewperor in 

However, a local guide, publiished at Inns- 
bruck iu 1890, says that Maximilian was tiio 
buiSdcr, and not merely the restorer of the 
balcony and its roof. 

John B. WAiNTiwRUiiiT. 

Murray's ' Handbook for .Southern Ger- 
many ' utates that the Golden iioof is a sort 
of oriel windoip covered with a roof of gilt 
copper (not gold, as supposed by Mrs. A. 
Ha Kills), whicli projects in front of the 
Fiiraterjlierg. It wa.s built iti 1425, by 
Frederick^ Count of Tyrol, called in ridicule 
••with tlte Empty Turse." who, *'a.H tlie tra- 
dition runs, iti order to sliow how ill-founded 
was the nickname, spent 30.rH»0 ducats in 
this pieee of extravagance, which |>robably 
rendered the sobriquet eveu more atipro- 
priate than before." Henrietta Cole. 

96, Philbeach Gardens, ti.W. 

According to Rrockhaus's 'Conversation 
Lexikoii,' the nickname "of tlio Kmptv 
Pocket' in ati i«ivention of tlie seventoentJi 
century, and the Golden Iioof was erected by 
Maximilian I. {]48fi - l511.t). Frederick's 
pockets were pretty full when he died. Cf. 
hiy biography in Wurzbach, vol, vi., with 
the older biograpliy on the subject. 

L. L K. 

[Mu. IIvRiiv Hi;ms and .St. .Swituis are also 
thanked for repliei'.J 

Nelson's Signal (10"- S. iv. 321, 370, 411, 
471, o33 ; V. .')6).— Prof. LArouxoN nltudes 
to " the contemporary evidence of the ships' 
logs," and he arlds that in some instanceH 
they give the code uumbern. Is it not ob 
vious that, if a man contradicl8 a otatemciit, 
he iH bound to produce his proof, with 
chapter and verse as to reference? Prof 
LArtifiTON does not do ao. Ho does not 
even say distinctly that the required evidence 
is in existence. He only says that in xinue 
instances code numbers are recorded. He 


floes not say tiiat those of this w:: 
He says, '<><?(•, p. ."i6, that 1 think i 
to transcribe the logs. I of course ii"i.i 
boun<J to prove the signal to have beeu 
he says it was. As he has not done 
calm conviction now ia that he has 
evidence to produce. If he haa, it onl 
requires one line, furnishing the total «ign»l1 
in word?, with "that" and "will" in cod» 
numl)er.s, to satisfy renders of ' N. A Q.' 

To help iiiin by a goorl example, there is 
one point on which I heartily apologise t< ' 
him- I find he did not pronounce Nelson'< 
grammar correct, as I thought he had. H< 
applies "correct" to the Pasco s lory, not t< 
Nelson. C A. Warh. 


Ivv Lane. Str.vnd (10"" S. v. ei).— Da. 
RRV.snFiELii'.s interesting paper on this sub- 
ject suggests the inquiry whether any satisfac 
tory explanation has l>cengiven of the ancient 
name of this lane, Ulebrig, which is four 
in tlie decree of the Cardinal Archbiali 
Stephou Langton and the oilier ptelal* 
arbitrated in the dispute between the I 
of Lundon and the Abbot of WcstminsB 
respecting the limits of the parish of St. Alii 
garet, G Hen. III., a.d. 1222. Ca-n liie mean-j 
ing of this name be Woolbridge ? 

The eriors in Cunningham's '1\h' " 
referring to Strand Bridge and I-. 
whi:h liave been indicated by Dk ■•..^ 
FIELD, were pointed out by the late J. 
Nichols in The (.Tentltmivi'ii Jfn<f<i:ine, ISIiS 
part i. pp. S77-9. There is, liowever, 
doubt that, after the lirid^es that s]>aune 
the Strand had been destroyed, the ter 
"bridge" was applied to the ]anding-| 
at the river end of the two laue«.* Cm 

ham's mistake lay in confining his def 

of " bridge " to the piers, and thereby eS 
eluding Stow's explanation of what tli 
bri<lges originally were. I may ."tdd that! 
Walford, and not Mr. Thornbury. wasi 
sfxmsible for the errors— if ct > 
whicli is doubtful— that Dr. 1'. 
ointed out in the third volume m vi-i arii 
ew London.' 

There is a brief, but accurate ni~ ■ 
Ivy Lane at the time of its effa' 
MiiHh$ex and Herts Notes and (Jm ■ 
ii. 90. 91. W. F. PBlDKArx. 

If Dr. Bri'sdfielu's statement with 
gard to the "halfpenny" steamboats on 

• See Mr, Nichols in <kiii. Mofj , \- 
yc: 4S6, 4S7, for evidence us to the \ 
'"bridge" with "stairs" or "Undin 
early u 1611), and iu the Kmw of the I'ci 
iiiiici) earlier. 


KyS.V. FiiB. 17.190a] 



Tliames means that the service was discon- 
tinue)] aiivuxli'itily after the explosion of the 
Cricket, I think he is mistaken. I remember 
the Ant and the Beo, and occasionally 
travelled by them ; but this cannot have 
been no earlj' as 1847. Speaking from 
memory only, I tliink tlio halfpenny boats 
were ruunint; at all events as late as 1B54. 

WlLU.VM HuoifES. 
6L>, PaUco Road, Tnlse Hill. 

Dii- RuL'siiFiELD'siuterestinK artieloaet me 
«thinkin($. Before the Eiiihaukmr<at wuh 
made, this lane— gloomy, narrt)W, dark, tlie 
tMy beiuK vi«il)le only here and there between 
tlje back* of tall tiouses— led down to the 
muddy foreshore of the Thamen. Oa the 
western «ide was tlie brick boundary of the 
Adelplii Arches. At the water's edge a string 
of bargos with connecting gangways k-il on 
to the eiazy mer from wiiioh the halfi)6nny 
boatu gallantly net off for London Bridge. 
An old volume of TUe lllHstrated L'tiulm 
Xt'Wi in my possession contains a couple of 
drawings or the explosion of the Cricket, M 
menliontsiJ by Dn. HuiSHKiKr.D ; there is also 
an account of tiio inquest, at which it was 
statexl that the engineer used t^> wedge down 
the safety valve willi a baton of wood ! But 
this accident <iid not terminate the heroic 
halfpenny nervice in 1847, as stated by Dr. 
BuustiPiKLU, although the accident may of 
course have interrupted it. The service was 
certainly a going concern (Jupiter and Venus 
being n.-iines of two of the boats) at least ten 
P.mars later, as I frequently, as a boy with 
heart aglow, made the water journey about 
1857, [lerhaps a littlo later. 1 saw a day or 
two ago that tlie iron post and the top hinge 
of th« gate that gave entrance to the lane 
from the Strand still cling to the wall of the 
shop immediately west of the Cecil Hotel. 

A yard or two to the east (or the west ') of 
the steatnboat pier in question was another 
barge, m»)ored hi front of " The Fox under 
tlie Hill." "The Fox" was a waterside 
puhliohouse, on the floating barge moored 
in front of which were tables and benches 
At which tired man might recuixjrate. In 
the fifties I was a " reatJing boy at a large 
printing oflice in the neighbourhood, and in 
Mummer-timo I often rlined on tike floating 
palace — happily if not sunjptuously ! It was 
to "The Fox" that the boy Dickens must 
have picked his slens by way of tlie foreshore 
at low tide from the blacking in 
llungerford Market (now Charing Cross 
Station) ; for ho describes the resort and its 
customors in one of his works (possibly in 

hi9 '.Skfifrhns'?). 

Immediately to the west; of Ivy Lane still, 
of course, remain the Adelplii Arches— often 
called the Dark Arches, The principal arch 
yawns off South Strand (Durham Street, 
near Dent's clock and opposite Bedford 
Street). Through these arches, in pre Em- 
bankment days, one could reach the river. 
I had not entered them for nearly fifty 
years, but looked through them when passing 
the other day. 1 found that the western 
arch, which originally opene<l into a side 
street, was bricked up ; but one could come 
in view of the Embankment, though there 
was uo through way. 

Cromwell Aveuiie, lliglit^nle. 

AUTIIOItS Of Q1JOT.VTIONS \Vaxtei> (10"' S. 
V. 108).— 

la there never a chink in the world alMve 

Wliere they listen for [not " to "] word.s from below * 

is from a song in Jean Ingelow'8 poem 
'Supper at the Mill.' \V. H. Cf.m.mixo.s. 
[Several correspondents refer to Miss Ingelow.] 

•So fit I 

I know not any tone 
I thine to falter forth a sorrow 

is from 'James Loo's Wife,' one of Browning's 
' Dramatis Persome.' J B. Douglas. 

\ViLLi.i.\i Etty (10"' S. V. 88). — Until, 
perhaps, twenty years ago, a niece of Et-tys, 
Mrs. Jtobert Smithson, was living in York. 
She left children, and I believe that one of 
her sons is now resident at Hitchen. I was 
given to understatnl tJuit Mrs. Siuilhson 
represented the tliiid voiumo of the Betsey 
or Bessy who lived for about a quarter of a 
century with her nainter undo anti was his 
"domestic all in all." See Gilchrist's 'Life 
of William Etty, ]v.A.' vol. i. p. 222. In the 
preface to that work Mrs. "Bennington"' 
of ' N. it Q-' appears as .Mrs. Binnington. 

St. Swithin'. 

Nei^sox Relk; is Cobsk-a (10"' S, v. 89).— 
I venture t<i suggest that there lius l)eeii 
.some error in the report of .Mr. Norgate'a 
lecture, for 1 do not see how or when Nelson 
could possibly have made anj* presentation 
to a cliurch in Corsica. Certainly he could 
not have done so when he was in the Modi< 
terranean as Command«rin Chief, ISoS-ij. 
Oa the other hand, he did at that time pre- 
sent articles of silver to some of the churches 
along the north coast of Sardinia, and, in 
particular, to the church at Maddalona, a 
cross and two candlesticks. (See 'Nelson/ 
in " Men of Action Series," p. 193.) It seems 
not imnrohablo that this is what Mr. Noc- 
gate reh^rrftd to. J. K. Ljs.\i<iW\«'>"^ - 

• 4 



NOTES AND QUERIES, tio'* s. v. fe*. n. looe. 


Tht ICiiiiliih Voi^aiH* of tin: .Siylrituth Cf"'"»7A l*y 
Waiter KaleiKli- ((ilftflgow, MaoLehose k Sons.) 
JJaUui/tHf Poff/iiimua : or, Pjirrhcm I tin FUgrimr*. 
By tiKmnel riiichos, 15. D. Vols. IX. and X. 
(Same publiahera.) 
First printe<t in April, 10O."i, as nil iu trod uct ion to 
the a|>leiKlid reissue by MeasrH. MikcLehofe of 
HakJuyt'a " Navigatione, I'rof. Italeiith's volume 
constitutes the be«t {lortal through which one may 
pass into the enchanted land of early English 
travel. It is true that I he land it«elf liea o[)en to 
ail, and that to enter therein neither permiMion 
nor i)aasport ia reuiiired. What is said, however, 
at the out«et by Prof. Raleigh, concerning *' the 
fCrcat proBe epio of the modern Engliah nation" ia 
true : it is but an incident in a world-drama which 
" uuroils its VKMt llierne leiaurely, obaervioK none of 
the unities.'' The average reader ia accordingly 
tiie better for a preface of the Bort now given, 
which enables him to judge of Hakluyte voyages 
as a consistent and homogeneous whole, and not as 
a leriea of more or loss disuoiinec-ted fragments. 
Bludenti of the Professor'a work will understand 
the origin and signifioance of Haktuyt's great and 
pious labours. Three sejiarate [larts supply all 
that can he desired. 

The iirat dealt) with the voyagers theniaeUea, Lho 
aasiduoiia qncators after passagea North- Kost. Far 
Kaat or North-West, and all who sought to bridge 
or pierce the huge unbroken continent that stretched 
from Nova ZcnibU to Magellan— the I'orlngnese 
and Italian navigftlors : the Spanisli cavaliers, who. 
unable to exlerniinato with siUliclejit raiiidity by 
the sword, called in the aid of the Iiii|uiBition ; the 
English shipmen; the Frenchmen and the Dutch- 
men ; and all who joine<] in the pursuit of treasure, 
or the aearcli for the earthly jmradise or the realm 
of Onhir. A serond instalineat deals with Kichard 
Ha1(luyt himself, who, cleric thoujjh he was, con- 
trived to build himself an im mortality scarcely less 
assured than that of our Drakes, Kaieghs, Haw- 
kinses, Frobiiihers, (.JrenvilleB, Cavendishe?, and 
the like: while a third shows the iitHnence of the ' 
English voyage.M upon poetry aud iniagioalion. To ' 
nut a few readers the Jast iwjrtion will be the niuat I 
intoretting and signiticaiU. Those moNt familiar \ 
with the TiidfiT literature generally, and the Tudor . 
drama in jiarticular, know how potent an inHuence 
wai exerci.sed l>y the precise details narrated in the 
voyages no less than by the general spirit of dis- 
covery current in the epoch. Nowhere else is the 
literary influence of these things so well and «n | 
nobly shown as in the ' Musojihilas ' of Samuel i 
Daniel, and it is gratifying to discover the most ' 
pregnant and prophetic paasage.t of Duuiel ()uot«d . 
in the Professor's volume. Though expressly in- , 
tendi-d to serve for Haklnyt. ' English Voyages ' are i 
just as useful in c<innexion with Coryat'a'Cruditiea,' 
and, in a Fcnse. with thi.< (ir«t reprint r>f the 
^Purchas collection. It is, however, bootless to 
insist u|iiin thix fact, «ince we cannot readily fancy 
any iiurchii?iT separating thft various works, or 
rcgarditig ihcin na oilier than one inspired and 
pivci»ti« «li ' ^ ' -•■■• w- •■ • ■ ■ 'i;it>le uud 
dullghiful .a por- 

trait of t,* , wn. and , 

holding the sceptre in her right Itand and the orb 
in her left. 

The two volnmva of Purchas jiwt iB9nt?d bring as 
halfway towards completion of V -ni- 

iicent collection. Vol. iT. opens in 

by Edward Terry, *' Master of An. j... . : of 

Christ-Church in Oxford," of his voyage to the East. 
Indies. Many of the features on wnich he com- 
ments intelligently are still to be ol ' uul 

others have but recently disB]ipeare<J. 'h 

the I'otlugueae — often of the iii'.jr: : ;fd 

character on both sides— are well Some 

characteristic proceedings of M ■ nt are 

related. An interesting n- ' ti,^ 

clepsydra clocks. Lewis Usi ' , e 

follows, seems almost to hn^ < .Is 

of Sir Richard Burton. 8oi)tt> ut Uih • ,re 

singularly naive, and hs descril>«R, vri' .in 

that must have shocked some of his I nv 

t>eers, the queenly luterest in his To 

temj^iersnce ne assigns the great age lfh 

often attained by the natives. Much ol tbe pious 
comment and edifying reflection with which the 
comments of Catholic observers are v .ii«i 

must be attributed to Purchas h\n\>' ;>i> 

student of primitive culture or folkl- ik 

olFera unending attraction. As a rule, i in 

race deal more freely with snch i^i. \n 

Englishmen. Richard Jobson is, howtt<.-(, nu ex- 
ception, and is autTiciently outspoken. 

In vol. X. the book of Ant^inio Galvaim^ of 'The 
Discoveries of the World ' occupies a Me 

space, it includes some romaiico : «f^ ■■■■r 

story of the discovery by Macham cit .-{ 

Maaera and its consequences. Amt'; t- 

interesting iwrtions o\ this volume ^ « 

travels to and observations in Constat' I 

the 'Briefe Memoriall ' of tiie travels i 
Sherlcy. We have also an account of 
proceedings at Ambnyiin which si(bBe(]U' i 

to indignation Cromwell and Drydtii. 

iSc<nt* from Old Ptayltooki, nn-an^il a* •■ /afro- 
dvrtioii to Shalfpunrt. By Percy Stnipaoa, M.\. 
(Oxford, Clarendon Press.) 
A H.M TV idea ia here admirably nnrri^i .^.,. a 
series of scenes from Shakesiiear ,j 

Fletcher, Marlowe, Heywooil, M . ,j. 

singer are so arranged by the asiii-i(.i: ^,l 

.St. <Mavo'8 Cirammar School as to fon ,:t 

guide to Shakespeare and the Tudor si .,. 

ductions on 'A Shakespearean Play ' «. 

speare's Theatre' reveal much ob»»>i .^d 

knowledge, some of it pra. ' ' :^^ 

from Mr. Sidney Lee's ' Life ,^ 

famous I. 7J6 design of the .'^^^ »* 

frontispiece : ann the whole, which is i ,f 

schooln and the young, forms a most : . ^j 

valuable volume. The stage notes arc •jinii^Uf 
useful, and there is a glossary, 

Poaii* of Loi-f. Edited by O. K. A. BelJ. (Root* 

ledge k Sons.) 
EvEiiv iiigonions youth with a Invp for "wiM^ 
wumnn, ami Honi:,' may frame his own Antliotcvf- 
The pri^sctil, whii:h is annexed (<> tIi.i cit^^ 
reissue cif "TheMuses' I>ibrar'.' ;>>Oil «• 

another, and joins in rather I: iioiWilff 

order many >li-tightful corn ■'.■'it Wyatl 

been taken. The tirst tw th„ aim^ 

^^Vdeatroy t)ie rime and produce caco)ihony. The 
^^Vhaine Phillida i«, moreover, throughout 8i>elt 
^^B ** Phillnda," a luid oversight. There are many 
^^^CxcluHJona und one or two itjclusiona we regret, 
^^Bbut the evneral reauU is pleasing : it could acarcely, 
^^Mndced, be otherwise. 

W Booi-Aurdon Rtconh. 

I -Vol. III. Part 1. 

I (Kar«lake & Co.) 

I Mil. Kaiulake opens this new |>art with an inter- 

' eating account of Mesara. HodKson'a firm, an ilhia- 

tration lieing given of Iheir handaonieauclion-rooin. 
Very different waa the old room where Mr. Edmund 
UoilKBOD. the grandfather of the preaciil memhern 
of llie Grin, used to veil. This was under the 
■tatiouer'a ahop at the corner of Chancnry Lane, 
I very dark and gloomy ; but Mr. Hodgaon, with hia 
■nnial, pleaaaut manners, made buyers for^t this. 
The firni moved to ita present premises in June, 

There are many prices in this valuable record we 
Plhould like to quote, did space iiermit. We cor- 
tdially Mffreo with Mr. Karalakc when he writes 
that " with all its drawbacks, the trade of second- 
hand bookselling romaioH an attractive, interesting, 
and ctiltureil calling, if all the members do not 
fulHI the re<iuirenicnt8 and duties complotely, that 
does not detract from the merita of a moat intel- 
lectual and commendable pursuit." 

The KiiijliihiroiHnu'i Year -Bool: and Dn-eetory, 

Kditcd by Kniily Janes. (A. & C. Black.) 
Tills useful ivork boa reaohed ita tiventy-sixth 
year of publication, and i« better than ever. The 
section on 'imports and Pastimes and Social Life' 
baa Li«en rewritten, and under ino«t headiuga 
increase or improventenl is to be traced. 

Horacf:. By Rev. W. Tuckwell, M.A. (Bell k 

To the "Miniature Series of Great Writers" haa 
been a<{dcd a life of Horace by the Rev. W. Tuck- 
well, wliich. short as it ia, is a model of tantcful 
criticism, it liaa eight illuatrations, preserves a 
charming atmosphere, and ia a delightful companion 
for the auhular. 

Ptfl Wojfin;ffoii, By Charles Keade. ^N'ith an 

Introdoctiou by Ricliard (Uriiett. (De L» More 


To "The KiuR*a Noveh" baa been added this prose 

fcnderiDg by Charles Reade of hia and Tom Taylor's 

ell'known 'Masks ainl FAoea,' which, ao far as 

We recall, is not always, if often, included in ita 

nuihor's collected work*, it has a portrait of Peg 

)iy ilouaton in nicx/.otint, aft<>r Pickering, and ia, 

like other fine booklets of the aanie aeries, well 

printed and prettily got up. 

^'nrfliriiiip'on^hir' LryiiKii jiiil I'/i'o Hhuiif. By 

Charles Wise. (Kettoring, W. K. k J. Oosa.) 
Mil. WisK, the autlior of ' RockinKhani Castle and 
the Watsons.' and other worka of a aiinilar claiu>, 
lias turned into verse aome of the legends with 
^^^whii'li he ia faniiliar, and has iasned them with all 
^^Bt«iiervatioii of right, with illustrationa, and with a 
^^Hre<jiie.<^t (niili ubii-h we comply) tlmt the atoiii;h 
^^Htnay not u* narr.nt<<<l. As the work of a. contributor 
^^^wboni we knoiv to be advauccd in years they have 
^^^ much epirit. 


W^ 8. V. Feb. 17, 1906.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


Edited by Frank Karslake. 
Oftobtr lo Dtctmhtr, ItKio. 



BooKStLi^Kas' C.^TALOfirKs. 

We have received an unuaually large number of 
cutaloguea for mid-February. Now that we are ir> 
the busy season W6 shall feel obliged by our frieuda 
aendiug their catalogues early. 

Mr. Thomas Baker'a catalogue ia cliiefly theo- 
logical, and includes Xeale'a 'Eastern Church.' 
■4 vola.. 185<), 5/. o^. 

Mr. B. H. Blackwell, of Oxford, has itema under 
Antiquarian, Bibliography, Folk-lore. &c. We note- 
Smith'a 'Collectanea Antiqua,' liW8-8(J, printed for 
aubacribera only, 4/. "is. in/.; Foater'a 'Miniature 
Paintera," *2 vols., folio, iV. Si., and 'TheStuarta" 
10/. 10s.: Ralaton'a 'Russian Folk-Talea," ITm ; first 
edition of Kinesley'a ' Hypalia,' 18J.1, 1^. I.'m. ; and 
Journal of Hdkitk Studiei, ISfMJ-UXJo, IT/. 17*. 

Mr. Richard Cameron, of Kdinburgb, has a Cata- 
logue of Scottish Ifistory, IJallarJs, Drama, Fine 
Arts, &c. We may mention Janiieaon'a ' IJic- 
tioimry,' 5 vols., 4/. 10<. ; and a MimuHcript Diary of 
an Edinburgh lawyer, 18"27-.'i*. The latter contains 
a detailed account of the Theatrical Fund dinner 
held at Edinburgh. *iS February, 1827, where jicolt 
first declared himself to be the author of the 
Waverley Novels. 

Mr. Bertram Dobell has a rare oollectioTi relating 
lo the drama, including a first edition of Beau- 
mont and Fletcher, 1047.-1/.; and Sharpe's *Ti>e 
Xoble Stranger.' KMO, (i/. (^v.—at si}?. G4 of the 
latter is a reference to Shakespeare s ' Venus and 
Adonia.' Under ShakesiioHre la an exceptjnnally 
fine copy of the Second Folio, U}^1, \2ol. L'nder 
Charles Lainbia Moxon'a memoir of iiim, privately 
printed, und very rare, l(S.3o, 4/. 4<. Thia la a pre- 
aentation copy lo Robert Southey, "With the 
Wriler'a beat wishes, and first attempt in proae." 

Mr. William D.jwuing. of Birnungbani, has a fine 
apecimeo of illuminated work, a tiftocnth-century 
Latin version of ttie P.^alma of David, 10/. 10,5. 
Burton's ' Scotland,' 9 vols., 186", is 8/. 8w. Under 
John Bright are seven autograph letters, price ^Is, 
Due to Charles Sturge contains thia passage: "I 
suppose my acceptance of office will seem at beat a 
very doubtful sleii to thee, aa it acema to me." A 
copy of Pierce Egan'a 'Life in Ivcmdon,' I.IGII, ia 
priced 31. .V ; and a set of the ' Muaoes Francaia et 
Royal," ItV. lOi-. 

Mr. William Dunlop, of Edinburgh, has works 
relating to Africa, America, ICiiglian topography, 
and general lilerulure. 

Meaara. William tJeorge's Sons, of Brialol, liave 
a aet of Spedding's 'Bacon,' lSG4-tlL 14 vola., 
4/. 4/.; Dryden'a ' Fablea," with drawing!) liy Lady 
Diana Beauclerk, engraved by Hartnlij:?j.i, 1797, 
,V .'ii. : Cotman's ' Antiipiitica of Norfulk,' llolin. 
18.38, 3/ lO--. ; Sauvigtiy'a ' Eisais Hiatoriipica snr lea 
Miiura dca Fram.aia.' 17Sj-!)"J. '2/. 10.. : Kcrr'u 
'Voyages and Travels.' 1811-24, 3/. 3<. : (Jiraldua de 
Barri's ' Itinerary of Archbiahnp Baldwin through 
Wales in IISS.' 1806, 4/. 10.s. ; 'The Speaker's Com- 
mentary,' II vols, 3/. 10". ; and a remarkably largo 
copy of the ' Xiiieinberg Clironiole,' 1403, 10'. 10#. 
There are alao tirat editiona of Borrow. 

Mr. William tilai»her'8 freili list of Publiahera' 
Renialiidera is full of tempting Imrguins. 

Mr. lla^Um haa some inlorcaling Akotcliea mndo 
by K-^lbnriii') Fry, a dnughler of Eli/.^beth Fry, 
well known in her day as an indefatigable urnbao- 
lugiai. Oue aeriea. made ou the Cuutitx«uk,,\%^-^^ 




NOTES AND QUERIES, uo"- s. v. fol i:, iwc 

is i.riced 4(V. Tlic other Bcrieu coiilaiwa mon«- 
ineiiul iiii'l •rniniml reniaitii!. Croydon, Lineolt), 
UcverU-y, N uik, Bristol, kc. SO/. 

31 &< : D'Urfey'sf 'Wit ttnd Mirth,' Pearson* 
renrinl. 31. l.v : HoE^rlli. *i voU, folio, lui^Mt 
l«i*r. 18-21, very rare. til. \(U : Linton's ' M»«ler» of 
Wood En([r»vinK.' 3/. 3^. ; and a fine copy of 
riiilarch, 1«12, 4/. 4<. 

Mr. ('. A. Poynder, of R«5adinK, has Thoresbye 
• ToiioLTaiihy of I>ceds.' ISIO. 3/. If. ; * nel of " The 
IMiiliin Clainica," ISli>-21. S/. St ; Mil Th< G'l.tlr. 
inau" Maga-.iiit. I7f2 to 1»53, V. 7*. He also seuda 
U9 a Ulenraiico Calnloguc. 

Mr. Liidwiit Uosenlhal, of Munich, is full of 
enercy Only m forliiiuht back we noticed liia 
OtJilopue of Catholic Thcolotiv : to-day \vc have li 
fresh list from birn, No. UO, devoted to I.e Dane- 
mark la Su.-tle et la ; L Invasion de(» 
SuMoia en AllemaKnc ; Le Slesvig Holstem jus.ju A 
18(U: Le» Pays rolaircs. 

MeKT*. W. H. Smith & Son have imjwrtant 
reninindeM included in their laat lial of •urplua 

Messrx. Henry Sothernn k Co. havn |iublislied a 
■l>eci»l illustrated catalogue of books from the 
library of Sir Henry Irvinij. aUo (lerftonsl relics and 
drawings. We note tlie_ followinR : Dickens. 





'. is 

8rhool Lists. ITfll to 1830,' 1.'. - : 
' llradiuKR in Crablie,' Qimrii 
Liliiiiry Kdilion of Froude'g " 
11. 17". (V/.; Fi>x-Dttvii!«'« * Arniun n 
and "The Faerie Queetie,' the linii 
\>m, 5/. ■>. 

Merars. Henry Vonng h !Son<«, of 1 
under Arcliaica a reprint "^f »f-«r ■ 
|iiose I rsi'ts, !.»(■''■ I0-' I 
ol ' Munnion," with 
.V. 5*. ; Kroude's ' L.U . 
throe BUtoin'ai'h letirr*. 
e.\lr»-illu«tr«led,^ with M 

H<?Iiort of the V"j»i: ''»-, 

liAll-tnoroccu, IKV. : i<«- 

ni««nt,' Hml edition, 1^ 1 .. . . . _ . ;.., ^i&f 

Tlie Dial, 1S40 44. Uo^ion, CS.A.. 11. 7*; a vary 
tin* copy of Manwood's * Ki>r«wt liBMr.' I.iW, 
11. lOx. ; the ori(!ieml rdld ' ' "" ]\t,; 

the Library edit inn nf Li'\ iTf.: 

Ponnanl. a complete gel. Mil, 

iV. ; Prynne'a ' Hi»lrioni;i i,. 

•V. 15<i. ; Scott's 'Border .A ■ i .. :.. 

1811, "Ji. 7'.; and l''tiilerbie « <_ i .n*, 

the extretni."ly rnrf lirst fditiun. il*r 

nf costs of »rni«, Itjbl, 5/. .«. i: iter- 

estin^ spi.'ditiiens of early printing and ma iHaiiitnat«<l 
MS. of the Kornn. 


drawings. we 

13 vols., 14'. 14*. ('IJarnaby Riidge cnntams notes 
by Irvine); 'Clavis Honierica,' with ,Iohn P. 
Ketnhle's autogrsph and a letter from Mrs-.^^iddons, 
12/. r2<. ; the Henry Irving Slmkcepeare, »/. fl*. ; 
the Temple edition, 40 vols., iV. tk ; 'Mnch Ado 
about Nothing.' twelve jien andink drswingfi of 
Irving and Ellen Terry, by A. Eleannr T.iylor, iV. : 
a letter of David (iarrick's, 4-2/ ; nnd a memorial 
illustration of the life of Edmund Kean tl717-lS33), 
being »43 l">ttra' Is of Kean and his contemporaries, 
with original plftvbilla.S vols., arare collection, SfKW. 
The reliM inclu<ie the aword nsed in ' Macbeth, 
421. ; the daKger. desiEued by Burne-Jones, worn in 
'KiV' Arliiur,'38/.; Eugene Aram's lamp, "-2/. 10".; 
purse formerly belonging to Edmund Kean. 2-2/. HJ*.; 
■word and dauitcr worn in the character of Me|ihis- 
tophelea in * Faust.' 31/. lOv. There are also |>or- 
traits of Ellen Terry and Pck ^VoffinKt_on : and 
anioni; pictures and drawings, Cattcrmole's ' Ham- 
let's Address to the Players.' "26'. *<., and a design 
for th« costume of Uthello by Tenniel, "21/. 

Mr James Thin, of Kdinbunih, has a set of 
Jilculirooil, 1S17 1904, ]></. lOi. : Bonlham's Works. 
H vols., l!<4;i, W. ; r.^lge'8 'Portraits,' tV. tU. ; 
Palwograjthical Society's Publications, 187-1-iH. 
<; vols., royal folio, 3<V.: Tmniaetwn* of thf /{ui/rU 
SoruJij, E'linhiiii/h, 178.'<-1!XX), very scarce, .'i5'. ; 
t^otlifh Text Society's Publications, *2'2/. lOi. : and 
the New fSivaldiug Clubs Publications. 1NS7 l«>2. 
>i/. S4. There is a list of works on India ; also a 
large collection of Scott's works, including many 
first editions. 

Mr. Thonins Thorp, of Reading, has a number of 
items under Africa and Ainerioa, also under 
AnBliiii;. lender Berkshire is a rate ami valualtle 
colUoiinn nf views (over 1.000), 6 vols., "'ephnnt 
folio. r.Ml/. An edition of (^haui-er.ltOi), is ."' 
edilinii of Ijiw's 'Serious C^ll," 7'. "■'. : t 
of Madame D'Arblay « ' Camilla,' 1706, '2i -- , i.. .ii 

Soitui l0 CorrnponbrnU. 

Wf mus( call tpeciai altentwH to IA« ftUmmit 

noliett : — 

Om all oonininniuations niunt Imp wtiUmi *<>« nam* 
and address of the Reu<ier, not iieoosa/ily for|>a^- 
licatiou, but as a gunrantoe of good iutk 

W K cannot undertake to anawertiutciM insatslr* 

\V»; cannot i:r-i.' .' ■ -'vis* L-am>poa^«Mi 

(IS to the value ' i ulber ob|»etioc M 

to the means oi "in. 

To secure insertion oi cunMiiuiiioaiiuna corrt* 
s|.iondeiits must observe the f<>||fi%^ irt^ rxilsa. La* 
each note, query, or reply ' » («pMat« 

slip of paper, with the sit: writaraW 

such address as he wishes I ' n &i«a«t> 

iug queries, or making nolen with re,. . loU 

entries in the paper, contributors u >.]t« 

put in parentheses, iinntedmlelv ai'cr :!>• eiMl 
heading, the scries, volume, and pacx nr |i^EW ^ 
which they refer. Corrrxpotident s wbo npMt 
queries are reque«te<l to h«ad tli« tmtn$A M^ 
manication " Duplicate." 

M. C. L. (New York). — S. . «e 

forwanJed to the latest addre- («a 

letter from a corre«iMjndenJ. —•■ 

returned to bini through the < 
He is very anxiou?i to comn 
and if you will furnish \\% wiiu ^uur pte-*!!! 
address, we will forward another le'ter Irow him. 

S. .SviJENiiAM.— Forwarded. 

Editorial comnnni: •laal 

to "The Editor of it*. 

lisements and Hu»: 

lisher"— at the Office, Breania iiuiitiuta, 
Une, B.C. 

We beg leave to state that w« declinr 

'.-ommuDications wliiufi, fur any reaaoci. '^ 

, print; and to this rule «e ran mali* ba t, 


10* 8. V. Feb. 17. 19CC.] 



(Continued from Second Advertiaemcnt Page.) 


University and General Book Depot, 



IiiclurlitiK, Kinonff many InlFrcilliij; Itviiit, « SKT of 
the LIBRARY BDlTKiN o( KUSKIN »n<l a. SBT oJ 
pen«laloc to WALKS. 


CATALOGf f:s A'On' RRAOr. 
Ko. Hi. VISOBLLANOUS BOOKS-Ackermann'i Coloured 
Booki on tbeColIcjit-t and SchnoU, 7 rnla. 70/.— Tiniea 
Newtpapfr. ISW-lCi'l, 18/ — Ruakln, FIrat Kdltlooa— 
Dooka on Blida — Thiiniai Hardy. FIrtt K>]il)OEM— 
Frcurtc'. llittJir!caI Workn. Best &iltlons, &c. 

t) p«gca. 

Uev. W. TUCKWBLL. nt W»ltb*in, Qrimaby. 2k iwrm. 


InetU'ilng DIckeiia, Tb&ckrrmy, L^rer, Alnaworlli. 

Hooka tlluatnitod by O and R. Onilkahaiik, Pbla, Le«oh, 
HowUiidion, &c. 


OFriticKD rou salb in tiik would. 

Catalngues t'stued mid $ent jioat fiee on 



27. New Oxford Street, London, W.G. 


Secoud-Haiid Bookseller, 












Ililek Svo, 1,738 pp., S.200 tt«ma. »itb upwvdi of 

),%0 Reproduellona In Faotimlle. 

Bound In ait clotii,|rllttopa,25j.: hall-inorooco, glltto|><,30<. 

lUutUaUd Pntptclut p<al fret. 


vAdf'-iiKKriim. Vol tl . for tli? SeiUHiii 1W>4'.\ ooiitalna 
I IJ.Tol K«cor<U of iioarcp Booki, 4 Plat»a— vlu., Piiliick A 
Slmpaon'a Auction Koom ; Diidltlan Library Copy o( the 
Flrit rollo Sbakeapeare; a Sale at Sotbeby't; anil tbe 
Houaeof Aldot Maontiut at VmiIci*, fmin a Urawln); by 
Cbarlea Hartia lu lS7t>. Alan, 4 Siipplemeola. coiitainiDH 
Ilecniuiiwncea i>l Soth«b;'a diiilne :i.S yean ; Accnunt of 
Ltidwig RnH<Dthal. o( Munlcb; Acooiint of tbe Bixlfeiaa 
Bbakeipenre ; KeviaaU of Current Bibliograpbicat Errort ; 
Afialyilcal Guldea to Bookiellara' Oalalngue*. ie. Price 
U U. in clutb, and alao laaued iq Quarterl.v Parti. aljAa- 
betieatiy arrarn/eii j\/r imtantint.nt retetena. 'Tb« Athtxirum 
deolarei It to in- '"Invaluable." Tt« Satuyiay Uivitxr tays 
It la " tbe work of a man who it master of hia autijpct." Tbe 
Paliliihtri' n'etAly, New York, aaya " it Ja tiarlvallcd in ita 
field In Bcgland." Vol. II. will he arnt poat free >'* iiuptc- 
tum, on application.,— KARSLAKB A CO., .'i^, Pond Street, 
Hanipateait, London. 





Of an InterestiDg Collection of 





NOTES AND QUERIES. [w^ a. v. Fim. 17. im 





In 7 vo't. luge oroirn 8vo, cloth, gilt top, Ar. each ; or fa Set clotli binding, gilt top. 9/. 3$. ibe Sat. 

With Portmlt* and Illuttratlnnt, Including Vipwi of Plaoei dMcrlbrd In tbe Work*, rrproloo^d Imm I*bofcnc««|i)M 
•peeUlly takrn for «ba purposa by Ur. W. K. BLAND, of Duffiehl. Derby, In ooDJunclloa with Mr. O B&KROW KHBJTB 
of D»rby, MedilliLi of tlie Kofal PbotoKraph lo Society. IntrodiictJnoi to ttie Worlii ar* tupplled by lira llirMPIlty 
WASO. and an Intr'iducUun and Rote* to Mr». (HikeU'a * Life ol Cbarlott« Bcoote ' by Mr. CLSMBHT K SHOKr 88, lb* 
rmlnent Bronti- authority. 

*.■ Altnth* POPULAR KDITIOV, 7 Toll •mall poatSvo, limp cloth, or clat4i boanJi, gilt top, 3t. M aa«h. And Ite 
POCKBT KDITION. 7 volt, tmall fcap. 8vo. each with Frontliplcoe, bound In cloth, with gilt top, li. M. pef Volnm*; v 
tbe Set In g->M-letiei-ed clmh caae, lli. W. 


and AnooUttd by tbe KIgbt lion. AUQUSTINB BIBBBLL, K.O. M.P., and FRKDKRIO O KBBYOX. atola. 

larga orowo S'O, bound In clolb, gilt ttp. with a Portralt-ProntlaDleoe to aacb Volame, 7i. Ai. per vol. 
*.* AUo Iba UNIPORVI BOi TION of RUBURT BBOWNINO'S WORK'}, In 17 voU. crown 8ra, bound la S«la. U.Ii„- 
cr the Volume* bound leparately. 61. eush. And tbe POOKBT HDITIOII In 8 voU. foap. Rrn. as. M. rmait not >n Uaip 
cloth, or 3f not In leathw ; or the 8 volt. In a gold-letterod Qa*«, 23i. id, Del In olotb, or 384. M. D»t lu Inttber. 


Kdition. 1 vol. witb Portrait and a Pactlmlle of ibe Md. of ' A Sonnet from the Portuguete,' largi> orown 8rt>, b^and 
In cloth, gilt t.>p. 5«. W. 
>«* Also ilie UNIFORM BDITION, in voU. tmaU crown 8to, 6*. wwb. And the POOKBC BOITIOV. la S nil. 
St. W. each net in limp clulh, or 3i. net In leather. 

MISS THACKERft.YS WORKS. Uniform Edition. Each Volume illustrated 

by * V(Biirtij« 'ritle-P»({'». I'l vnl». large crown ftvn, rti. each. 
(?MUiiet.'— Old KeoMngtou— The Village on tb« CHIT— Five Old Frlendu and a Yonng PrInee— To BaUMrate^Bhi*- 
taeard't Kryi, Ac— Tbe Story of Bllzabeth : Two Hoart ; From an Itland— Tollara and Splniten— IClaa AlWi4: " 
Iitwn— Mill WillLamaoo'e Dlragmllooa -Un , Dymond. 


KBUHIOX H; MaTDiBW &KNOl.b. ru(ialv iSiuUoo, •rlLb a 
Vrrfmcr Crtwn h.o 1'. W 

MIXED ESS&7S. Popular Edition. Grown 

BfO. I>. M . — l^mierBcr — EqatlltT — Irith ra-thollclfm asd nrilltli 
L<Miali»m -/'•i/r* r'xHinrj) A'roi.f-irlHm— A Oalil* tn Ksirliik Ulcra- 
InrF— Ftltland -A Frencli Critic on Mlltoa— A French Criuc on Ooattaa 
— Oeorce ^aod. 


Popvilar BdlUaa, wllfc 



Chmpvr BitlUon. In ; «nl«. lant* crown aia 
TllK FISB ARTa. T« «J. 
Till OATHOUC KiACTIl»l. t 
lotei 10 iht T Volomnt, lit. 

T«U. VUk a twtaM W« 

v&nlft ft Hetler Appr«)i»nftlon nf lb« BII>1«. 
a New i'r«rftc« Lrownnto, 3< Gf 

GOD AND THE BIBLE: a Seqael to 

' Llicrmtar* and UoffinL' f'opulAr BdiUOD. with m Ntw PrvlAcc. 
CrowD 810. 2i (>./ 


o-.licr Bi«a;ft. Popalar Milioa, vica a >'nw rrelao*. Crowo gfo, 
■.< W. 
OivirNfi-Bt Paul and Prrcettanclttn— rBr<taal«m asil tb« Chnrch ot 
Ka«tnB4 — Mnd«m Dlawnt— A Commeoi on Lhrinma*. 


PolUlcal aad Soclai Crtticlim I'opitlar C4ltian ( Town »><>, 7i. M 

IRISH ESSAYS, and Others. Popalar 

MllloB rr-wD^«n r. o./ 


III' M.iniiaW in.aaHTO.ri U 
r.>M.v>.;. — I. UtciuuTv. V I'ulitiitt Mkd ijk>«i*i}. 3 iiiiloiopkr aa4 


»>• Hnn Mra. WOIIBHOIAB Willi a Poctratl. BBOOKD 
IMPHBMIU.N. BmaU ctowa ero. «> U. 


and OBBSCE 3 TOlt lirxc cmwa tro, ;> •< tBeh. 
•.* la pr»par<B( thU New BdlUna ot Vtm U»m Mr 4 A 
Tliraa Tnluin«« of Tmial, ■Mitcfen la l»lr aM ataaaa.' . 
Ba< SMdkM la tlalr.' and -Italian *^ — iti ' »atllt»| >f I— 
ti««|rt ihn atdrr af tbe BaaiTi' For Ihn ciatilanta at ••• 
fepocraphlcal arraaceneat baa be«a adopted. 


TH8 BMOLltH DRAMA. Maw nad C)»««|.«r MlUa^ Vm^ 
crown toro, ',a. 0(t. 
*.* ThU TolnnM U nnlform Witt th* Maw Miilon ot Ws^^^' 
• TmTCl Mctchw ' nnd ■ The Raaataiaaja te Italy - 


I ai'OKABIlUn KcwBdlllon. BwaU erowB fra. «< M Bat 

*,* Vtf Itnltali Tut ii prinUton tht i"ff ot'intiu I'll hw»iUria 

Also the foUowing Volumes of preuioua Editiota:^ 

NEW AND OLD : a Volame of Versa. Croirt 

»•», II. 

MANY MOODS : a Volume of Verse, Cro« 

into. 1*1. 

' ANIMI FIGDRA. Fcap. 8vo, 5s. 

London : SMITH. BLDBK k. CO. 15. Waterlo i Plac*. S.W. 

ft Wli ta* Waaxu br /1M« c PHVHCia aad i. RDWARD PRmKOlK. Iirtam'a BaUdlav*. dManrr lam* HC-i fM r*k 
t. SUWAKU riUXCIB, Alkeavaai Pratt, Bnaa'i teUdlap, Ckaoetr; Ua«, B.O.-&>iar<<a|>. Mn««|r irrnML 

^ glebuim d{ Inhrfomimtnuation 



" Wbaa found, mhtt a not* of." — C&ftais Citttls. 

( Prior Kouhpicuck. 

No. 113. [S^^Z'Zl Saturday, February 24, 1906. \'tr.'\'Vo:\'irJ,7iZV->i: 

T—t fril. 



In 2 vols, demy 6ro, 36f. net. 


By 8KVEN FRIENDS. Edited by B. G. SANDFORD, Archdeacon of Hxeter. 
Wttti Photo|rmvur« and otbi-r IlliuUaUani. la 'J vols. 8vo, Sit, Oct. 




Fkrt S«oooii. Crown 

A Dtsnu of the Mapoteoolc War*, in 3 PaHj, 19 Acli, 

. THoir ' ■ 

8ro, 41. td. n»t. 

V PrrTloutly puliilihe.1. Fart I. 4r. *<. net. 
TJltKS.—""tba DjDMii' li ilulnKl; <^rid luperhly 

rriflnAi ' Tbc DjnkiH ' li a work of cxcfplioiial power. 

It U a thinf; compact with Im • gloalion. It li a Kreat. 
mivlrri) Epic of ttc Irit«lllc>ioe — a vUlon of lh« worlH 
Flian(«<1 witb amadog it^lGoancc, amazing otJgluallCy of 

C iDCrpliOlt." 



B; UAVIU LO(}nAN (hrtt publlibed In lHWi) A Srt\eM of 
Viewi of the Uiilvenlljr and College*, and of Btoii C'olleee 
Kilitpd. with a Life of Lnggan, an Introiluctlnii, and 
Hlt-rlcil «i..1 Dr.crlptivs Noteo, bf J. W. CLAUK. M.A. 
t - i'( tlie I7nlver*lty of CaiuI»I<1k''' A 

i: io, tho tcnrce Portrait of thn DuVo of 

H - ivurp, the Crntni Srcflon of Haainiin'i 

Had •'> n"! ; "rlo morocco fKtra. .'»•' I>i. n.t, 

THK OK KIHfi'jJ (Dr. M. K. JAMBSi. In 

fie tM ■ rt£T/f».-"Wh«t the Bfgl.Uary ha* 

• Med fr>>[ii vtie ir«a*ur« •■( hU own knowledgn f*. like all 
hli work, lucid, conclic. rtlvvanl, and (boroughly belofnl, 
.. To •um up. we have noibing but pralie f or tbe ^ouk , 
pictum and t'lt alike " 

><r«SA',*7'«.—"Bven the great tjuk of giving t« tho 
world la 168^ the ' Aroblteotoral UUtorr of Cambrtdge' of 
hU uncle, the la't- Prof. WIIIU, U aoaircly a more iioporlaal 
••rv1c« th*r) tb« pubUottloa of L'ggan'i ' Cantabf Igta 
UliUtnU.' " 


A Memoir. 

By A, 8. and K. M. S. 
W(tb FortralU, Bra, ISi. Ad. net, ITtutde^. 



Edited t)y J, A. riTLLBR UAirLAND. M.A. F.S.A. 

Iq Five Volume*. Vol. II. F-L, 8to, 2Ir. net. 

",* Prerlously publUbed, Vol. I. A— B, 21*. net. 



&T0, lOi. net. 


By SU ABOUIBALD bBIKIB, F.B.'ii. Dr.l. D.Sc. 
8ro, lOi, net. 

NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo^ s. v. fkb. a. 1908. 

Bir ttajtttv t*u (h-** *« graeiotuly ocetpUd a Copy, with 

Utr " linctrt t/iankt for to tnttrvUng a rtmtm^rimei 

a/tAt ChuTcA." 

IB nyki (TO, pnc« Si. bond in elotk. 




raoK BBaumBa up bibtbs, x»RiuAoa, amd dbatrb- 



XiOBlOB : MITCIIKLL Hl'OHBS A CLARKE, 140, WArdOOr Btra«t, «. 




Cnia LBAIIRNKAtiL riltW*. IM . r«WI>h*nn4 PrtaMrm, 

M. LeMulHUI Blr«*t. LondoA. B O.) 

CnalAtai lialrl»*> jwmr. oT«r wbirfc Uis p«n ill?* vltfe pcrfa«t 

Ircaiinni. flipono* CAca Si |wr doico, ruled or flMB. N«« PockAl 

Bite Si. p«r duirn, rated »r ^Ifttn. 

Aaihan (hoald BiH« that the l,«A4«nliaM PrM*, I,td , maaat be 
rvapODiibte for ttie loaa ol MiM. b| &r« or otberwlae l>af licmto oopla* 
Bhmld baralAlned. 

CTICKPHAHT PASTE ia mlJes belter than Onm 

' » lor ttlcklnir In ftcrapa Jalnlar Vuj^rm Ac 34 , «./ , and ]i »llb 

'aprra, < 
► troPC. atefot Kruah /not a l^of) R^nd two •Lampi tn co»ef p<MtB#e 
for a aaniple l«>»l«. iBeiaMcg Hmih. l''a'-torr. Ha««r l.«ai Ca 
LwdaBhai! mc««(. B.C. Of all Builoner*. KU^phaat !*■«•§ adclfc*. 

TBNTH BniTlON. prtM Two Bhltttin- 

CKLKSTIAL MOTIONS: a Hand v Book of 
Aitmnomr T«bU ■diUoB^ WlthlFUMa. H; W. T. LYNM. 
h k.t U A.C 
" Well k.Bowa aa one of oar beat lotrodoeUoaa U tAWOBOinr-" 

BAUnON LOW. MAK«T<)N A rn,. Linrrao, 
Ut, t*U)rno*%rr How. •,0. 

TWBLFTH BUITION. price BUpMet. eloiA. 

REMARKABLK COMKTS : a Rrief Survey of the 
moat IntrrritlBr Pane In tbe Hiaiarj «l Comelarr AalronoBif. 
Bl W T. LYNN, HA F K A 8. 

LU, rACvraoaMr How, li.O. 

MOW HBAIIV, price lc». M. Bet. 




with iBtrndQCUon hr JU<IKfH KNIOH T, F.t.A, 

lades la double the aire nt prevloua onaa, aa It OAntmtna, to 

III l.i '.l.» uiilh! lAtl^t •>! su'.Jurla. the Naiikea aad I'aaodOB^ma ol 

- Uiotuma 'Iha number ol eOBttant 

ri<J Iba l'atill«har reaarTaa tlie 

Viilnmn at anr tirae. 'Ilie Btimb*r 

.> t.eea dlatrlbntad. 


Free br p»at, IQi 1 14. 
I C. PaAMCIB, A'abi m>U (iutntt OHee, Vreaai't BaUdUtft. M.Q. 

PKANCIK rrlater ol the Alt-rtt»nm, \oUt end Quarua, A<l . la 
»tmAra4 to ai'HMlT mriMArkM lor all kinda at buuK. MBWB, 
kiTpBilluUlCAt. FRLNrUIO. — U, BraAai't BolldlaiiB, Claaaarr 
lAM. B.C. ^___^ 


f -nrd Sltunr Hnom aad Doe Hoeroom. Ptaaatal 

•'o-n; ,../« tMXeu.-li. il.. «6, OroT* UlU KoBd. TBBtinita 


to N(M :kh trrt bf pixtialOt n lerBM Mosthta 

or J0< <v/ ' MoBiba. loeiediBi i«e Valnsie ladarx. i. 

BIIWABD Fk> . a/«i QMrwr Uffl^a, U«AiB'( JIalUlkB*, 
CbasMrr L^nr. K.C. 

■lao FOLK-LURB JOUKNAl., IBM to ItQ&, «1IA Iztra Toto.. 
FUR BALB.— A. UUIBBT, TaBkertoa, WMutable, Xaat. 



Tbe ome« of LIHHABIAM to lAa B(X;iKTY of WRrmU 
UAJBBTY'M KION8T. reeeallr baM bj tbe taw Mr IiiIhi 
■itneBd, beini MOW VAt^ANT, apptleaUaaa fur the OBIm, 

E Baled b) twaBtT-Orv copiea ol TaetlaiaBlale, mar be nad 
alora MAKOU iO, IKK. tu^AMStt B. NOTMAM. WrlMrtoth* 
IS, York Place. Bdlabarwh, Clark to Ua Boolat}, baa 
rarlber IBfonnBtlna mai be iililalBaa 
FitbraaiTKl lux 

— TOUHO RNOLIBH I>ADT. apeaklnB FreBcA. Oeraia* t»< 
Ilaliut well, aeaka HB-B^OAOBWl'KT. Capable (lt(|aaii*t Oao». 
paniiinatile, bricbl, eBcrTaUe, Boaloal. Aeroatomifd to ubtcI WubIii 
DDdarlake caro of dallCBle 1m6j, aacellrnt Trr»naDC*a • Via|ilieat4l 
Miaa B., 10, OeoeBB Bircet, lUaorar 8(|BBre, W. Tela. «au6 Oarntd. 

"Rxanlae wall roBr blood. He 

From Joka ol OaaBt doik hrlB| fela padlpva."— BBtAWrB^k*. 

ANCKSTRV, English. Scotch, Irish, and Amerii^n. 
TKAOBDrrsBi blATB KKIHiKDIi BpeclBlIt; : Waet nf BitalBM 
aod Bmiir.iii Famlliea-Mr. ItVYHMLL-VPHAM, r.Cktkadni U«a». 
Bialer, BBdl, i:pfe4inF*rk B0B4,Cbl*»ldA, LieadAA, W. 

PBD1GRBE8 TRACRD: Rvitlenoea of Deccent 
tram Fshtie Reoorda. Pamphlet peat free 

ARMS and CKBSTS : Anihentlo loformRtion 
apoB all Maltera eenneeted with Heimldr; 

wilk apeclAl BOeBtloB to BocBraea el delall aad oitlaUo baat- 
maal. Uook-Platea, rHe*, Brala, nicBct-lltpn Uraty-Diutaaa, As, 
L. CVLLBrON, IK, PuwadUl/, 


1 LIBRABIit«l - Ylie FBRRVAUY OATAUMt:* af Talnabla 
freailT radsMd. la sow readr, as4 will be ibbI p«eB fras apaa 
Applleulaa to W. H. SMITH A SON, Libnrr Otparlaaat, Ul, BubIU, 
LoodoA, W C. 



■Bppll«d. BO matter on what tsb]ect Arka«ala4»< taa *acM 

otar M tlM mntt *<p«rt Hooanodere eitaat ptaaaa aMa aBala» 

"B Oraai ltook»ho{.. u-|m. iohR Hrifkt Btraal, 


Ar« adrertltcd for wetUy In 



Which alto gfvt» Liitt o( tbe New PooVt piibllBhad it 
the we«k, ArLOOunociiuaitj of New Booka, A.o. 

SutMoritien bxre tbe privllegq »l a Free AdvBritBHMli' 
Your Boukk Wautad WMlcljr. 

Seat for 53 weeki, poat tree, tar ftt. tut. boma aaJ 11*. torefga 


OOoe: Bt. Duuilan'e lloata. FrlUr laos, LoMlrm. 

caiBbrldga 0«'><''— '"•■■" •'•• ""• ''"" ii"»«»»"« •!«• af 
PaMlo Bckeal*, »■" "**i 

ArkaraiaBa'a, OaTev" 'raal 

Hkiewaban aaB Tui' 
Ul (PxlatdaMQkBlktli'iit MaaauiBi, .-\.\i. 


io«8.v.fbb.24.i900.j NOTKS AND QUERIES. 


LOyOOy, SATlItDAi'. JMBHCARy ?i. i:W. 



CONTENTS.-No. 113. 

KOTBS : -ProvlncUl Boolv»elIer«, HI -C*3iton« of Krnt, 113 
— Mr. Bntiiley'i ' Ulgbwayi mid By»it.v> In South Wkkf,' 
m-PllInry, U5-C'ft»ring Cro«s : llnyiwatfr - Churlnn 
Hid Charing Crtm-Burion'* 'Aniitomy n< Mclnnclioly ' 
-SftrdinUtn Cbi[wl, Lliiccilrt'i Inn Fit-M., U>1 - Omar 
Klmyyam : a PAOklltfl -American KmlKmiU, 1-17. 

QUKKIBS : — DoiiMful PrnouncUllon* — Rlcbiini Kltliy, 
An>hilcc't-Lnrj:eP«iier MKrf;ina. Hi-MilUr of Kiu-iii<ck 
-English Sprllnii: Rn|;li»li Culture - (iilheit K»iiitly- 
H«)illu«l Crinifii«l!>-Binfll»h Kxllrsin Frmict ami Hnllmiil 
- Pnein In One SBnli'iii-e — Dr. Li»t»iini or Ii'llmim — 
nut<iu<iri>u((h I'amlly — Aalr.-iliijcy In Italy - A'olirr or 
UintienliiflB —•'Veniltiim''— "Trump" »» « C»ri< Tenn, 
148 - " Barhian." Spanish WtHil - Itolxfrt Awne - 1*»1« 
Dsolrr— Charie* Aruolt - Lofi ItiwUm -Cilii>»t Story In 
Dirkeiis-" Pci){r,.m" —John Lytton — J»Tvls Family ol 
Birml..Kham--Tli« Kli.R^Sfal.' Iiy B. S O. S., lin. 
KPLtES -Portman F.iiiUv. IM Sir Glllwrl Pickfrlnjt, 
or Tl'i'hmartli- Uutilripnl Sw"r.|-bH«r»r. \hl- TUa Wai.«r- 
\mi Cacnijaid"-" SnilUi " in Latin, IS.'-Cokt on Pta-fl 
•mt War— ticnnio L«ll<'r»— Juni-pli Nnllfkenat Llliriirv- 
•Tbe Two Prlcnd»." Piinces Slrtet. London. i;i»l — 'Tlio 
Rplcurc'a Almanack '—" Miirmot " And the 8<mi in I.Atin 
Po«ta, 1.S3 — Mnjf'T Richard Cromw elt, \(i*^ — " Brottn 
Br>a" •• applird tnaUiiikel— Malllow— Oprn-iilr Piilplti 
— VArophom. IM Wheatatone-" Was vou ? " and "you 
»■« ■• — Melcbl'ir Onydicktna-Pnlltfrec Dinicultifs : Mary 
8t*pIotnn or StouK^hton— Almanac, c. 1744— May Day: 
Two Piwtlcal Tract* - Jpiikvn, LUt!e John, Ic IftS — 
8t, Kxp»(lln»-"'Plp"-0. i. Holyoakp-. ObartUU and 
8p«c4al CimaUbln -Oxford Universtly VolunM^r*. l.Vl- 
Dutch Bplphany Cuit«in-S«]|)n|i Oufit-ll lo tlie Devil — 
llclnian : Atanian. lo' — Deatb-lilrda In JScutland aiid 
IrcUnd — I.uttrc Ware, l.Vf-Pin-fi e, l.'i\>. 

M(»TKS ON BOOKS : -■OrPRory ihe Great: his Place In 
IlUtorv and Thounht '—' in Morocco and Olnipaes 
B«rond • — 'Studk't In P.ietry and Criticism'— K'>utleilj;tf'« 
"Keir [Tairomil LIb-ary ■'— 'Poemi of Kiehard Ctiwbaw.' 


A PURPOSE of my own recently led me to 
examine a collection of more liian 2,000 
volumes of pampliletB. So many of litem 
ix>re the namen of booksellers at other places 
than London, Oxford, and Cambridge, that 
I made brief not«3 of tliem, shown on the 
subjoined It has its value as evidence 
of the literary condition of the provinces, 
cliicfly in the eighteenth century. I am 
conHcious that I did not gather all that I 
raipht have <lone, and the local bibliograpliiea 
would easily Hupply many more. The few 
nainex of 1633 are taken from 'DocumenUi 
relating to VV. Prynne,' Camd. Soc., p. 60. 

Alnwick.— Thom«8 .AUlev, firiDter, 17S0. 

Alexander Gralmni, 178(3. 
Umibufy.— William 'I'horp, li)9o. 
lUriislaple.— J. Oaydoo, 17.T.j^ 
liAlh. — Henry Hammond, )7I7-'2I. 

I'.t'tti. Mi^ttliewK, Me('ch«iil«' Conrt, 1735. 

'1 i-'lcy. |>rinl«r, 1740 6. 

M ;.. . .. ak. 17I5-7:; 

W. i ay lor, 1700. 

K. Crutlwell, t>rint«r, 1775 07. 

ti. UnfAvil, |irint«r, Kinj;'« Mvftd SquAre, 


Batb.-Pra(t k Clinch, 17SI. 

J. Marshall, Milaoni (iire«t, 1783. 

Meyler, I7«>-H0. 
Be«lfor«l.-J. VVeale, 1721. 

U. Hyatt, 1773. 

T. Woodward, 1773. 
Berwick. —R. Taylor, printer, 17J4-72. 

W. riiorson, printer, 1789. 
Be wdley.— Clare, \~S^. 
Biniiintjhain.— T. Warren, Bull Ring, 1737. 

Arig, 177j. 

Pearson & Rollaann, 177S-94. 

M. JSwinncy, 177S-fi9. 

(J. Earl, jiriuler. 1778. 

R. Martin, jirinter, 1779. 

Pjercy 4 J<inc8, printers. 17S3. 

J. Thotitpson, prinler, 1790-1. 

ThoinaH Pear»on, j)riritcr, 1791. 
Btahop'fi Caallp, Salop.— John VVolla»ton, 1713. 
Bolton-le-Moors.— i)rak«>, 1780. 
Bt)Blon. — H. WillKon, 1721. 
Bradford, York»liire.—piiiIley_ Rocket, 1737. 

(jeo. NiohoUon, iirinter, 1789. 
Brentford (Newi. — Norbury, IIVS. 
BridRnorth.— Hailewood, 17S.>. 
Bridgwater. — Robert Davifi, 1716. 
BriilfKirt.— .Akerinan, I78M. 
Brighton (BrighlhelmBtonJ.— E. WidKelt. 1778. 
Brislol.- Charles Alltti, Broad .Street, W'i. 

W. Bonny, |>riiiter, (.-orn Street, 17Li5 12. 

KicliarJ t^TAvet, on the Tokey, 1717-9- 

W. Corsely, 1721-35. 

Sam. parley, printer. Wine Street, 1730. 

Willtani Kcans, on St. Janica's Back, 1733. 

John Wilson, \Vine Street, 1737-45. 

tjamucl k Felix Farley, printers, 1738, Shake- 
spear'n Head, CblsiIo tJreeii, 17.'W-4I. 

T. Cadell, 17,TJ75- 

R. Evnna, 1740. 

Fcli.x Farley, printer. Castle Green, 1743-9. 

William Cosiley, 174G. 

B. Hickey. 17.50. 

.1. I'ul.ner, 17.50. 

E. Farley & Son, printers, 17.59. 

.S. Farley, ]>rinler, Cnntlo Ureen, 1765-72. 

Palmer i Beckct, 17U9. 

W. Pine, 177.5. 

M. Ward, 1775. 

Beeket, 1777. 

MrB. Palmer, 1777. 

Lloyd. 1778. 

T. Mill«, Wine Street. 1783. 

Sam. Jolinson, Corn Street, 1788. 

O. Rotith, printer, 1788. 

MilU^ Bul^'in, 1780. 

It. Edwards, printer, 1796. 
Buckingham.— B. Seeley (writinp; master), 1747. 
Biuv St. Frlmunds. — John Marston, 1683. 

liailv, 1725. 

S. \Vat*on, 1745. 

M, Watson, 1750. 

W. Green. j)rinter, 1780. 

Green & Deck. 1780, 
Canterbury.— J. Abree, printer, near the Threo 
Tom in St. Mnrearet'a, 1723. 

Widow Fenner, 1732-41. 

Flacton, 17.50. 

J. Smith, 1752. 

T,, 1753. 

M, ■■• .n. 1709 

T. II. printers, 1774 81. 

T. ;-. , i;>j-7. 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo- s. v. f*.b. at. mi 

Canterbury.— -SiiTinions & Kirkby, 17S5 7. 

Flacktun & Marmhle. 1785-9. 

.1. Grove, printer, 17S9- 

W. KriBtow, 17S9. 
CVIisIci.— Hicliard Scot, IO06. 

Hall, 1710. 

Thomas Harris, printer. 1746. 
Curniartlien.— J. Ross, 1791-2. 
Clielmaforfi.— Creen^ (1725 r). 

IHniiiiml Lobb, 1728. 

James Btickkrid. 1736 (a1«o at the Buck iii 
Paterticmter Row, London). 

T. Toft. Mol-s. 

Toft Sl Lobb. 1760. 
Cheltenliani— Harwani, 178.1 
Cheslittin.— Sleiihoii DaRueil, 1720. 
Cheshunl.— S. Coe. 1740. 
Chester— George Alkiiison, 1682. 

E. Ince, printer, 1712. 

R. Jlinnhuil, Bruiso Street, 1712. 

Joseph Hod(t8on, 1714- 

Joinn PftRe. 1747. 

J. Poole, printer, 1((8. 

T. Poole C?18U0). 
ChesterfiolH.— Jo>t Bradley, 172«- 

J. Bradley, 1788. 
Chicbester.— J. I^e. 1741). 
Colchester.— \V. Koyrner, printer, 178(. 
Coventry.— John Smith. 168.1. 

William Pratten. 172G (j_Ratten). 

J, \\'. Piercy, printer, !< (4. 

W. C. B. 
{To be eontukHtd.) 


The following ab-otracts from tlie willa of 
the Caxtonn of Kent were proved in tlie 
Consistory Court at Canterbury (now iu tlie 
Probate Office). 

Robert Causton (Caxton iu tlie margin), 
of Canterbury, dated 8 Feb,, 1-172/3 :— 

Buried within the gate fif the cemetry of Christ 
Church at Canterbury. Te high altar of St. Alpliege 
Church ill Canterbury. 12/. To liRhtH of .St. Alphege, 
Bieaf«ed Mary, St. John the Baptist. St. ErastnuR, 
8t. Chriatopncr, and ntheraaints in the church, 
4</. each. K<>sidue lt> Chriatianc my wife. K?cecu- 
tora my son .lolin Causton and Thorntwt Peny. That 
John Smnle, fvnfTee of ail my lands and tenements, 
Hhall enfeuir,John my .4on in same, hut ChriAttane 
my wife shall have and ot-cnpy " le parlour," in the 
west )>art of niy chief tenement in which I dwell, 
with free ingress and egrena during her life: also 
Chrisiiano have for life the rents and prnlita from 
one of my tenements adjoining niv chief tenement 
in the parish of 81 Alphajre. (Probate 12 July, 
1473.)— Consiatory Court, vol. ii. fol. 249. 

Jolin Smale, tailor, became a freeman of 
Canterbury in 1439. 

Jolin Caxton, of St. Alpliege in Canter- 
bury, mercer, 12 Oct., 1485:— 

To be buried in the nave of the parish church of 
8t. Alphege, near the grave of Isabelle my wife. 
Usual hemiosts to lights. To Cecilie my sister 
larj^eat and beet " lavLIain," one piece of silver, two 
drinking cups of silver, and the cloak uf my wife 
' iih grey, and a girdle of red lilk embroidered 

with silver. To M.i f^ 

silver, two silver li 

my wife's, with a l; : 

John Hnet two silver cups and ruaaet " duke. ' Xv 
the wife of Hanio Bele, the mother of my wife,n)f 
three horses; to Joan her sister my wife's IhicV 
girdle; and to Agnea her sister a girdlo. Other 
small be<^uostB to John Hnet, Thoui&a Penny, auik 
John Plonier. My chief tenement in (>anab of 
h)t. Alphage shall be sold, and money k^vmq ■«: 
follows : — Thomas my brother, a ukj: ' ' 
10 marcs; also 10 marcs to a chajdaiti t> 
in church of St. Alpliege for my soul. . 

residue in other works rif charity, ab diacreuon u( , 
my executors, Hamon Bele and Julm Haet. TiuU 
Thomas Peny have to him and his heirs my len*- 
nient ou the we»t side of my chief ten<?tnent. JcAn 
Plomer my kinsman have n>y hctlv-f i.ntmeat, 
to his heirs for ever, That my otl" "t bi 

sold, and money given to the poor I . : liw 

Hospital of St. Nicholas of ''•• 
()«. Ri^. a year until the money . 
Huet have my garden in the p^^ 

Canterbury, pacing for the saine lOfU. s^td ni> rootr. 


fol. 79. 

ry. paying 
23 Nov., 

14-'it>.) — Cuoaistory, voL 


Wiliiatn Caxton, naercer, became a 
man of Canterbury in 1431. 

John Caxton, of Nortbgate WartJ, in right 
of his wife, paid Gd. in the year J474-.'» t^i the 
Corporation, to trade in the city. AtkI John 
Caxton, mercer, was admitf-^'' ■■ /■>•»• ^'fi in 
14S1, by hia marriage wiOi I ter 

of Hamon Bele, who hiLci ij_ J « 

freeman in 1458 (' Freemen of Cant«rbary,' 
by J. M. Cow per). 

William Cauxton, of l>y<ld, \7l BepV., 
l.-ilS : — 

Buried in the churchyard of l.tdtl. \t«4i<)ae, 
after paying debts. Sec, to wife I»\t»Ue. to dispaw 
for my soul, and she executrix. (PtoWte70Mt 
1513 )— Consistory, vol. xi. fol. 6S. 

John Causton, of Ijydtl, 23 April, 1530:- 

Buried in the churchyard of Lyd<]. WifeJ*B 

all anch household etuM' and other K^ods ^ 
brought at our marriage ; also all other boanW 
i>tuff. Koods, and i:hattela, except *' ons maa far><' 
flewe,' one sprat not with all new " wnggt," l^ 
u man's flight of my draw net. t<> Auttrn m^ *A 
Joan to pay my debts and H ■-»• 

Provided that if heroaftpr I 
made to said Joan a sutlicien 
tande and tenements with ni 
town of Lydd, to Joan for her 1 1 
all my household stulf, i^u.. eciually (u : 
and divi<h)d between uiy two suns A(I(b< 
niMl Sebastian, after the death of Joan ^ ■ - 
Wife .Joan executrix with WiUiatn Bkrou/^ " 
Nicholas PyxauiwrviHors. \\'itii(<>u^ JaiM 
the elder. Richard Coupcr. {Probate M 
1540. 1.)— Consistory, vol. xvii. fol flji 

le October, 1551, adtuir ' 
will of Sebastian Cawston, ■ 
to his wife.— Consistory Aamiu. 
vol. ii. 

Robert Caxton, of Lydd, 14 Jai 



lo-- 8. v.rEB. 34,1806.) NOTES AND QUERIES. 


Burie<l at the appointment of mv executors. To 
Thoiiiiu Moyao my brother [«iVj my best coat, 
doublet, huse, kc. My aisler, wife of said Thomas 
Moy»c, my wjfo'a l>e«t red petticoat, h&t, and cajie. 
To Thoiiiiut Ciixton niy uncle luy next l>est iiuir of 
hosed. Elisabeth Uolman, niv wife's daughter, a 
pair of Mhceu, two )>ewter nlat^s, a )>ewter diih, 
caDdleslick, one ewe and lamu. All other soo(1« to 
my Bon Thomas when twenty ; but if dead before 
then without issue then to Thomas Moyse my 
brotlter ["ir], Executor Williaui Croche, of Lydd, 
with Andrew Awlcyn and Tbomas Moyse overseers. 
Flxecutor to receive the fami of niy house and land 
until son Tiionias is twenty, if he ilie before then, 
to Thomas Moyse my broliier and to his heirn. 
Witnesses, John Forcet, clerk. Curate of New 
Roiwney ; George HoUon, tailor : John .Johnson ; 
Kobert Ifolli, shoemaker. (Probate 5 April, 1553.} 
— UariKistory, vol. xxv. fol. 14. 

Thoina.i Cixtoo, who was town clerk of 
Lydtl. in 1476 wrote out the ' Customal of 
Lyd<l ' fijr whicli he was paid 13«. id. {Arch. 
Cantiantt, vol. xiiL p. 254). 

Akthur Hussey. 

Taukerton-on-Sea, Kent. 


Tni3 very entertaining and attractive 
voluruo, altliough publisUed more than two 

J.'eari ago, h&s oiuy lately come into my 
latids- It would he a belated work of aupei- 
erogation to praise it and its numerous 
pretty illustrations by Mr. F. L Griggs, 
The parts of the country least well known 
to mo peraonally— namely, the border-land of 
lladnor-ihire, evidently familiar ground to 
Mr. Uriidley, and Pembrokeshire, where he 
putH himself to a great extent under the 
guidance of George Owen, of Henlly.s, antl 
ids descendant Dr. Henry Owen— are excel- 
lently (lone. The object of this note is to 
point out certain deScienciea which impair 
the value of the work as a trustworthy 
description of the land and its people at the 
commencement of the twentieth century. 

There h an obviou.<) straining after a light- 
ne.sM of touch to suit the supposed ta.ste of 
the general reader, hut at the same time 
Mr, iir.idley hints that if a light touch is his 
foible, hi>i forte is the craftmanship of the 
man who thoroughly knows the material 
lie works on. Among the very few pre- 
decessors on the .same ground that ho singles 
out for mention. Miss Braddon is noticed 
(p 33), and censured for calling Llandrindod, 
*• LUndrysack, and Abbey Cwnddr Loch- 
jivithian, arrangements of letters that would 
quite imi>ossiblo in Wales alone perhaps 
"*»f all his Majesty's home dominioii.s." I 
iii'i^t confess that Miss Braddon is a lifelong 
i.i<^nurite of mine, and a tn qwajut to this 

censure on a writer to whom I owe many 
hours of breathless pleasure may, I hope, be 
pardoned me. For inaccuracy in tho matter 
uf Welsh words and place names is a very 
disfiguring blot on Mr. Bradley's own work. 
I pardon his "cowl" for auvl (" broth "), for 
Eng. oir comes nearer in sound to Welsh an 
than Eng. aw does. But that excuse does 
not cover "cause bobl " (p. 51), for boll 
ipold) means "people,' not " toasted j" and 
"cheese" is aiws, not "cause." Again, lite 
"Traitor of Buillh" is not "Braddwr 
Boallt," but JJrudtfr B. (p. 61). Indeed, the 
writer seems to have been unable to grasp, 
the simple fact of Welsh phonology that 
W. d is like Eng. d, but that W. dd is always 
.sounded like Eng. th iti " tliis." And so, 
while iraf/jcr is misspelt "braddwr," Lland- 
dewi is, by way of recompense, invariably 
misspelt Llandewi. Another famous place- 
name, Pontrliydfendigeid (Bridge of the 
Blessed Ford), is disguised, wherever men- 
tioned, under the " impossible arrangement 
of letters," Pontrliydfendigaiad (pp. 224. 22r>). 
Another misspelling that grates on my own 
ears is Castell Cerrig CcQTiin (lit. Leek 
Stones Castle) for Castell Carreg Cennen 
(Castle of Cenneu Hack). I am not aure 
that cmrerr, meaning rock, is as universally 
diffused throughout Wales as it is in the 
sense of "stone." I have a suspicion that ib 
is confined mainly to the "Goidhelic" 
districts. At all events, it is very common 
in that sense in the immediate neighbour- 
hood of Carreg Cennen, e.;/., Carreg Amau, 
Carreg Gwenluis, Carreg Sawddo (cf. the 
Irish Carrick Fergus, Carrick onSuir, Ac). 
Tliat will sutKce, I think, in championship of 
Miss Braddon, and tho numerous mistakes of 
this nature can easily be rectified in future 

But there is a more organic fault in the 
work, which I am afraid is beyond reach of 
surgery or medicine, viz., the very slipshod 
treatment of Welsh superstitions and folk- 
lore The famou.s tJilo of Owen Lawgocli 
and his warriors, for instance, who lie asleeji 
in Ogof y Ddinas, near Llandybie, has been 
recently investigated by Prof. Rhys in his 
'Welsh Folk-lore.' and that skilled student 
of mediffjval Welsh manuscripts nn<l genea- 
logies, Mr. Edward Owen, and .Mr. Llewelyn 
Williams have had occasion to deal with it 
in connexion with their elaborate efforts to 
iiientify Froissart's Yueiti do Galtes. All 
this seems to have been more or less dimly 
known to Mr. Bradley, but he preferred to 
set down an absolutely impossible version of 
the tale, as ho " heard it told in Cardigan- 
ahire." Ogor Dinaa (should b© Ogo'c DdvoAst 


NOTES AND QUERIES, [w** s. v. fjou si. i« 

is not Llandybie Welsfj at all, for the 
iiiiiabitantH never drop the final / in oqof. 
The spot ia known in liio neip;hbourhoofi as 
Ogof y Ddina?, Ogof Cilyryclien, or O^of 
Llandybie, but never Ogo'r DcJinas, and it is 
not " on the bank8 of the Cenniii " (Uennen). 
Nor coulii the Cardiganshire " Dafydd of 
IJettws Bledrws" liave ever driven his cattle 
<Jown south through Llandybie on tlieir way 
to London. There is alno a Iegen<]ary reason 
for the rock not being on the bankn of the 
Cennen. As that little river (which, by the 
way, owes mo^t of its waters in slack times 
to a contribution from the Llwcliwr, falling 
into it between Carreg Cennen Castle and 
the ancient Edwardian munsion — now farm- 
house of Cwrt iJryn y Heirdd (Uard'si llill 
Court) approaches the Vale of Llandybie, it 
turns abruptly northwards '"against the 
sun," having been doomed so t<j do by a 
witch. As the only instance of that par- 
ticular superstition 1 have been able to 
discover in Wales, it is perhaps worth 

1 need not repeat the cave h-cend, but 
there are two points in it whicli have, I 
think, hitherto escafted notice. The first is 
that at Dyllgocil Ucha' once lived an Owen, 
who was the owner of the land whicli is now 
the bed of Llyidlech Owen lake ; that lie was 
on intimate terms with the daughter of a 
gentleman named Arthur who lived at 
IVntycnstell ; and that Owen Lawgocli of 
Cilyrychen Cave, Craig y Ddinas, wft.s a son 
of theirs. (See Job Davies's paper on Llyn- 
llech Owen in )' Diwyijitcr of ifuly, 1803.) 
The other point is that in 181,'} ten liumaii 
skeletons were found by the limestOTie quarry- 
men in the same rock— it is not quite clear 
whether in a natural cave or in an arti- 
ficially excavated one. When L. L. Dillwyn, 
BOme weeks after the find, visiter! the spot, 
the cave had been destroyed, and the ronaains 
■liad disappeared — buried, according to what 
'he was told, in Llandeilo t'hurcliyard. (See 
■his 'History of Swansea.') One of the skulls, 
however, seems to have l«?en preserved, and 
it is now, I believe, at Oxford. I tio not 
•know whether the exact spot of the find was 
in Llandeilo or Llandybie parish ; it was 
certainly considerably nearer the latter than 
the former parish church. As, according to 
•the contemjxnary iiccount, "all the bones 
were of a larger calibre tiian those of the 
present day, and t!^e skulls were of a very 
large size and thicknesM," it is highly pro- 
bable that these remains were secretly 
smuggled into rather than regularly buried 
in any churchyanl, Some forty years ago 
Llandybie Churchyard was enlarged, and 

log ill 

■ !u 


that on the side facing the quarries in quM- 
tion. In a very deep grave that w«.9 
186.'), partly within the old yarW ■■ 
under where the old enclosing w 
some very large bones were : 
which thegravediggers were clou i 

they were human or not. Ti : 

made me suspicious of the real final resting 

t>]ac6 of the skeletons described by Dillwya 
need not A«ld that Mr. Br&dfey kno<n 
nothing of these things ; his " impression «" 
go but a very little way bevond thode f»f » 
camera. He, of course, belie ve« in liie 
'sin-eater," both name and function, ai * 
thoroughly well-established Wpjsh instito- 
tion. That was to be expected, for e««i 
careful investigatoi-s quite fail lo gra»p the 
significance of the fact that Aubrey iiiinsrif, 
the inventor of the term, admits that the 
name by which this forlorn wreck«g« of pit- 
Reformation time.s was known among bii 
neighbours was "Old Sire" (//<« .S'lyr), an 
ecclesiastical term of resneclful iin|>ort, 
which lingered on in Walea dowji to iJie last 

Mr. Bradley makes a very nr>niark 
about George Borrow (p. i ft fs a 

pity that he has not tricJ <fe tiiat 

wonderful man in one (nit tiiac is con- 
spicuous in 'Wild Walw'— I mesn bis' 
ful naming and describing of the chance 
comr>anions of !iis hurried lour. IJow Mr. 
Bradley stayed for some weeks at ov near 
Lampeter, and had for his guide, pl»ilio«>p\»er, 
and — but ilr. Bradley is not liorrow, t\ver©- 
fore I must not say friend— a " local genea- 
logist." Of him Mr. Bradley speaks an 
follows: "I know one working man well 
who lias not only a gootl collection of curlow 
old Welsh b.X)k8, but is recognized as aboQt 

the best judge of them in his ci 

Mr. Bradley will not trouble to i 
name of this perfect specimen of : 
indefatigable Welsh student an. 
into his pages. By a most ciu. :. 
dence. while actually reading tliis lAtupetO' 
and Llandyssul part of the work. I rrrnired 
by jwxst a printed "List of J" : ft- 

lating to Wales, now ofl'ere'l for .- olin 

Da vies, T), St. Thomas Street, La(ii|>t?ter— lb* 
whole of the Collection, numbering <yrtt 
l,<iiX)." This list runs lo sixteen pagMAsd 
contains 2.36 items, so that the whoi«» of \\\» 
working-man's collection will r< • 
logue of over sixty four pages. 
Davies is Mr. Bradley's local g. ■ 
scril)ed above. Had he been th< 
of Borrow for as many hours n.s ,,, 
Bradley's for weeks, John Davies w* • 
been sure of a special nicho in ti; 



iO'-8.v.Fic».34,i«i8.i NOTES AND QUERIES. 


WaJes' portrait gallery. Moreover, John 
Daviea is one of the last craftsmen of a 
vanished and picturesque industry, that of 
clog-niaking. Probably, to a auporBcial eye. 
John Davie!) presents hut a prosaic anil 
homely figure ; hutiiad Mi'^s liraddon known 
him ai Mr. Bradley due^, liow she would iiave 
revelletl in describing the la^t Welsh clog- 
maker ! 

The Anglicized Rpelling Llandebie, with tfe 
for dij, it) found a.s early as tite thirteenth 
century, when Eflward I. despoiled the living 
of ita revenues. T lie Breton Landebia. abuut 
a third of the way from Lamballc to Dinan, 
with its wells sacred to Eloi and David, and 
iUi river Ar^uenun. in strikingly reminiiicent 
of this part of South Wales. On the other 
hand, tl»e legend of Llynllech ()wen ("the 
Lake of Owen's Slab") is essentially tlie same 
as the O'Donoghue legend of Killarney (see 
Puckler-Muskau'a 'Tour in England. Ireland, 
and France,' i. pp. 201-3, Kiig. ed., 1832J; 
while the Lady of the Van Lake, leas than a 
dozen miles aw»y, i« identical with Mora of 
Lou^h Mora, in the Comeragh Mouittaina, 
CO. Waterfon). (See Dub. Untv. Mag., Novem- 
ber, 181&, p. .537.) J. P. Owen. 

PiLLony. (See S"' S. iii. 346, 396 ; vi. 245, 
278, .'WO, 339, 403 ; xii. 109, 157 ; 4"' S. i. 636, 
576, 617 ; iv. 116, 168, 187 ; v. 200 ; 5"' 8. iii. 
266. 354, 454; iv. 3G ; 7'^' S. iv. 0, 11, '>.♦)— 
Much hau been written as to the survival of 
tlie pillory :t it may bo wortli while to aay 
Hometlnng as to early instances of its use 
in England. The Kr-st dated reference that 
I have happened to find is in J. K. Hodge's 
'History of Wallingford ' (1881, i. 340). In 
a 'lloll of Iicnts' for 1231 is an item of ex- 
penditure : *' For repairing the pillory and 
trebuchet, \Q^d." 

liefore thi;! we iiave an unattested (and 
therefore undatable) charter of Henry II. to 
Milton Abbey, Dorset, whereby the king 
granted that the monks should hold their 
lands "cum sac et hoc, et tol et them, et in- 
fangenthef. et wayf et assisa panisetcervisie, 
cam furcLs, pilloriis et cum omnibus aliis 
|>ertinentiis " (' Monast.,' 1819, ii. 351), 

Ktiglish legal antiquaries of the Keventecnth 
century, and tiieir Huccessors and copyists, 
have peruisted in identifying the pillory 
with the Old English hitl»jnn(i. Reiidiold 
Bchmid in liijt 'Oesetzo der Angelsachsien ' 
(lee the glossary) seems to have disposed of 

• S«<e*^o 'FinK..r PiUoriw.' I** 8. iv. SIo. 3»5. 
43»; 8"'.S. viiLO«. 133. 

t .See tut. 7 Will. IV. and 1 Vicl. c. 23, Ad Act 
to aboliah iho t'untibmenl of the PiUory. 

this contention. At any rate, evidence is stilT 
lacking of the pillory being used in England 
before the CoJiquest. 

On the inquisition taken 20 Jan,, 127.'j, for 
the wapentake of Ba.ssetlaw, Notts ('Rotuli 
Uundredorum,' 1818, ii. 302 b), the jury 
found : — 

"Quod Prior de Blid* [Rlyth] habet furcao, 
tiimberelhim. pillory, infanifentheF, asaisam panis 
et cervisie do duno Rogeri de Ijoylly. ((ui venit 
in Aiigljam cum Willelniu le Bastard a tempore 
statin) post. coiKiuesluiii." 

I(oger'.s charter (dated 1088) ia printed in 
Dugdale'.s ' .Monasticoa ' (1823), iv. 623; the 
pertinent words are : — 

"Dedi ]irii:(iic(ia niosiachia oninoa digiiilatea rjuas 
liabebani iu eadeiii villa, irjilicei aoc et sac, tol et 
iheii), ct infangethefe, ferruin et foBauin. et nircaa, 
cum rIII^ libertatibus, ut tunc tomporis lencbam 
de rcgc." 

The "other liberties " which " I then held of 
the king" necessarily involved the power of 

fiunisliiiig trespassers in the appropriate 
nnns In 1329 the abbot of Crowland was 
summoned before Geoffrey !e Scrope ami liia 
fellows to answer the king on a plea of quo 
\eriranio with regard to the market and juris- 
tlictions which he exercised in liis manor of 
Wellingborough, Northamptonshire. Part of 
his reply ('Placita de Quo Wararito,' 1818, 
518 b) may bo translated, as it doubtless ex- 
presses the old distinction between the pillory 
and the lumbrcl :— 
"The abbot says that ho has viow of frank 

tiledf^c in his manor to wiiieh view pertains the 
Leepuig of the ossiso of broad and nle. And since 
ihe aforesaid tumbrel and pillory were {)rovlded 
(iiivtnla) for this end, that transKressors of the 
aforesaid assise be corporally punished, to wit, 
by the aforesaid tumbrel for breach of the assise of 
afo, and by the aforesaid ])iHory for non-observance 
of the assise of bread. And it is by that warrant 
that he claims the aforesaid judiciary instruuienta 
{jwUcialia), for the legal punishment of auch trana- 
Kressors according to the law and cufltoni of the 
realm of England. ' 

I am sure Dr. Murray will bo glad to hear 
of earlier instances of the word, and that 
he will also be gla<l to know when tins com- 
mon law punishment finally came to an end 
in the con.servative l'nite<l States. In 
' N. k Q.' for 10 July, 1875 (S"- S. U. 30), is a 
note in which Oa-sto^ de 3ernkval, 
writing from Philadelphia, says : — 

" There is one State in America which still 
retains the pillory, the whippinjctKist, imprison- 
ment fur debt, and perhaps Iho duokingstool 

The Stale of Delaware is the one alluded to. 

Any one who wishes to see the whippin|{-i>o9t in 
active use can have that privilege accorded to him 
by the high sheriff of any one of the three oouutie* 
comprising [lirj tho Dianioud fState." 

Poasibiy some one familiac wvU.\ V3c* \»fcNi 


NOTES AND QUERIES. (lo-- b. v. fei,. a*, iw. 

■can give Dr. Murray the tlate and exact 
words of the statute (if an}') tliat diueatab- 
lished the pillory and the ducking-stool. 


Ch.vrino Cnoss : Bayswater. — In the 
review of Mr. Holdeii MacMicliael's excellent 
'Story of ChariHg Crosa and iu Immediate 
Neigliboarhooil ' which appeared ante, p. 97, 
in 'm noted that "Mr. MacMichael dismisses 
the derivation [of Charing Ct'O'ii'^] from c/in-e 
rehm with I'rof. Skeat'i comment tliat it is 
' too funny to be peniiciou.s. '" At 8"' S. vi. 
204 Prop. Ske.^t quotes thi^i derivation from 
ftanipiion's 'Medii .Evi Kalendaria,' 1841, 
and adds: "I believe thi"! delicious piece 
of humbug is still admired." Quit« so, for 
at a public dinner which I attended a few 
months ago a popular niomberof Parliamont, 
iti propoying the health of Queen Alexandra, 
compared Her Majesty witli her predecessor 
<.iueeti Eleanor of Castile, w^ith regard to tho 
position which they bath Ijeld in ihe hearts 
of iheir people, antl observed, with Hiberjiian 
exuberance: "Not a cabman passes the 
Btatue of King Ciiarles but ho recalls the 
cfitre reine after whom Charing Cross was 
named." It is ohviou!*, therefore, that, in the 
intereatg of after-dinner oratory, it will not 
do to extingui>ih thiii attractive legend, lift 
fir.Ht appearance dates, I believe, from a 
paper in I'he Geutlcin>t7is M<i</a:ine ior Iftli, 
jjart i. p. iii, in whicli a suggestion is made, 
"in reference to tho fond epithets usually 
applied to the first Edward's beloved Queen, 
and to the then prevalency of the i'rencli 
language." that " the conjectural reading 
' Chi'' ro Hey ne'" should be substituted for 
*' Chariug Cross." 

For another widespread error 'X. »tQ.,' I 
fancy, is responsible. This is tho statement 
that IJayswater. whicti was formerly known 
fts " Bayards Watering," is a corruption of 
" Baynard's Watering." This notion seems 
to have originated with an esteemed corro- 
Bpondent, E S. (the late Edward Srairke, 
F-S A.), in a paper contribntcd by him to 
1" S. i. 102. It is true that in tho Middlesex 
Domesday we find that a certain " Baini- 
ardus" held three hides of the Abbot of 
Westminster, "in villa ubi sedet ivcclesia 
Sancti Petri."' but there is not a scrap of 
tjvideijce to show that tliis land was situated 
in or near the modern Bayswater, or that 
the Domeaday tenant was in any way 
connected witli that locality. 

W. F. PfilDE-iVX. 

Charino and CuARiKa Cross.— I suppose 
that the faronrite " derivation "of Charing 

from C/t^re Srhu, supposed to be the dear 
ijueen of Eilward I., goe-s near to l>eiiig t)i« 
silliest on record. It is seventeen j'fars ^inco 
it was pointed out that "La Charring " wa» 
mentioned in 1252-3, when Eleanor ** wa« a 
little girl of nine years old " ; see T"' S. viiL 
507. But the strange thing is that every on© 
seems to have overlooked the fact that there i^i 
another Charing, in Kent, to tlio nortli-west 
of Ashford. Now (Sharing in Kotit is men- 
tiotied in an A.-S. charter of 7D0, in which 
King "Cenulph" restored sonin land at 
Charing to Christ Cimrch, Canterbury. Of 
course, the spelling Cenulph, in place of 
Coenwulf, is enough to show that tlie copy 
of the charter is late ; but it maj' well be a 
copy of a genuine charter of tho ciLibtli oen- 
turj'. The lands restored are > a« 

"Cerriogges, Selebertes ceart, 1 nd, 

et Burtian ' (Birch, 'Cart. Saxuit.,' i. 411). 
Menco both tho Charings were alika named 
from the Cerringas or Ceorringas, the name 
of a tribe or family, lit. " the Ce^irrings," or 
"sons of Ceorra " Ceorra is a know^n per- 
sonal name (see Birch, 'Cart. Saxon.' i. 433). 
Walter W. Skeat. 

Burton's 'An.\tomy or UKLhuciioLY.' 
(.See 9"^ S. xi. 181.222, 2G3. 322, 441 ; xii. 2, 
62, 162. 301, 362, 442 ; lO"" S. i 42. 163, S03, 
282 ; ii. 124. 223. 442 ; iii. 203 ; iv, 25. 523.)— 
Absence on tho Continent having \)rtr vented 
me from returning the proof of tlie lout in- 
stahiiBiit, I Hhuuki l>e glad if I could now 
supply an addition which I bad intended to 

P. 17, n. U ; r», n.u. Add furtlier .Tolm Lyly, 
'Euphves. The Anatomy of Wyt'(1^79>; 
Philip Stubbes, 'The Anatomic of Abu«ea* 
Or>H3) ; Robert Greene, '.\, the Anato- 
mio of Fortune' (1684) ; Tlioma.'j Xasli. 'The 
Ariatomio of Absurditie ' (1!>89) ; and llobert 
(jreene, ' The Anatomie of I^overs l-'Iatterio4 ' 
(at the end of Part II. of '.Marnillia,' entered 
in the Stationers' Register l.'i83, 
known edition 1593). It is a curious coinci- 
dence that Greene's 'Arbaslo' Iias on iu 
title-page " la/ierein aim (Jenthmcn tnntj Hniit 
/'/^'isaunle conceytes to purge Melanchuly," 
and bears the motto "Omue tulit ijuiiclam 
qui misouit utile dulci." 

EnWARD Bensly. 

S.vuDiNi.w CnAi'Et, Lincoln's Inn Fiklo*. 
— A gtx>d deal of intcrost centrea at prfturnl 
in this ancient edifice, which is marked fiir 
efi'acement at tho hands of that onuiivonuM 
body the London County Courn il. Out- 
wardly it is unattractive to tha 
ordinary beholder, with ita " i walla. 
Buk>for those of tlie Komau Catholic b. 


10"- 8. V. fkb. li. 1906] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


and others by whom it is reverenced as some- 
thing more than a familiar landmark, tlte 
chapel tceras with historic associations, ad 
set forth in a little volume published last 
year by Messrs. K. ii T. Washbourne, of 
Paternoster Row, entitle*! 'The History of 
tiie SanJinian Ciiapel.' This is written with 
mucii feeling by Miss Johanna H. Uarting, 
and edited hy the Uev. John Dunford, rector. 
Therein are appropriately chronicled the 
many events and vicissitucfes connected with 
a building whose records go back as far as 
the latter portion of (Jliarles l.'s roigii. 
Notable amongst these were the marriage of 
Fraticcs (better known as Fanny) Burrjey, 
the authoress of the famous 'Evelina,' to 
General DArblay, the Fronch refugee, in the 
8ummer of 1793, and tlie baptism of Joseph 
NoUekens, the sculptor, concerning the dis- 
persal of wliose library Mr. Aleck Abrau.vhs 
wrote recently in 'N. k Q.' {ante, p 8(1). 

Pickaxe and shovel will soon be busy over 
this honoured place, which as I writo stands 
desolate amidst much ruin and dust— another 
tuouraful instance of vanishing London. 

Ckcil Clakke. 
Junior Athemeum Clab, \V. 

Umar Kiiayvam : A Parallel.— I have 
just come across an amusing parallel to the 
quatrain which FitzQerald rendered a-s 
follows : — 
All, witli lliB Grane my fAdiiifi; Life provide, 
And wb«h my Itotly wlience the Life has died, 
And in a Windingsheet uf Vine-leaf wrapt, 
Uo bury me by some sweet Garden-side. 

The follow'ing modern Persian epigram was 
communicated to me orally by a native of 
Cashmere. It is a skit up<jn the fondness 
of his countrymen for the "cup which 
cheers" :— 

liiyu Kuki, ki man murdam. K&fan az barge chayam 

Ba ub e chay bideh ghuiUm, Ba zer e jtitla Uhdaoi 


The corre«!X)ndeuce with FitzGerald is so 
close that tiiis conceit admits of being trans- 
lated in his very words : — 
Ah, with good Tea my fading Life t^rovide. 
Add wash my \\<v\y wbence the Life has died, 
And in a Wtndingstieet of Tea leaf wrapt, 
So bury nte by some sweet Kettle'i aide. 

Ja*. Platt, Jun. 

Ameuhjax Emigrants,— The great interest 
taken in Auuirican genealogy causes me to 
think it may bean well to record in * N. & Q.' 
that I have discovered a list of foreign 
sr"' • ='i the colonics. To those tracing 
1 1 ices and being of alien extraction 

it -,,, ,,^ uf Home value, as in matky instances 
it given the country of origin, religion, and 

both the English and original forms of 
spoiling. The time covered is 1740-61. 

The title-page is as follows: "-\ List of 
Persons that have intituled themselves to 
the Benefit of the Act (13 Geo. II.) for 
naturalizing such Foreign Protestants and 
others therein metitione<l as are settled or 
shall settle in any of II.M. Colonies." 

Gerald Fothergill. 

11, BrosaeU Road, New Wandsworth. 


VVs muat re<iue»t oorrespondenta desiring in- 
formation on family matters of only piivutc interest 
to affix their names and aiJdresses to tlicir queriee, 
in order that answers may be sent to them direct. 

Doubtful PKONUNrrATioNS.— Is there any 
acceptfvd standard of correctness as to the 
pronunciation of the following words ? Mifth, 
wlijcli most people, I think, prouounco as nutli^ 
riming with smith, is often heard at Oxford 
and elsewhere as meith, riming with bhihe. 
In the 'Oxford Essays,' 1856, Max MuUer 
»p©lt the word mythe, wliicli he afterwards 
abandoned for the' customary orthography. 

The obsole-scenb wordri (roth, and wrntk, 
generally pronounced aa riming with froth, 
become in the mouths of many speakers 
troath, and tiryoalh, so as to rime with Ijoth. 

Quite recently I heard one of our binhops, 
a man of considerable culture, in a sermon 
speak of " tho Slo[r of Despoml," making 
douffh rime with couffh. This, I should think, 
was an individual eccentricity. 

A. Smyth E Palmeb. 

S. Woodford. 

RrcHARn KiRBY, Architect. — Can any 
reader of ' N. A Q.' put me in the way of 
discovering the whereabouts of tho drawings 
(if any are in existence) executed hy Richard 
Kirby ? He was architect to Sir Thomas 
Smith, of Hill Hall, Essex, in tho sixteenth 
century. t)^ Moro. 

Hill Hall, Theydon Mount, Essex. 

La ncK Paper Margins. — Is there anv 
technical reason for the narrowness of back 
margin so unfortunately common in large- 
paper books] An itiHUince may be seen in 
the otherwise admirable large paper is-sue of 
the 'Letters of Jlnrace Walpole,' recently 
completed at the Clarendon Presj?. In this 
case the upper margin is three fourths of an 
inch wide ; tlio lower, two inches and throe- 
eigiiths ; the outer, an inch and three- 
eighths ; and tho uidiappy inner or back 
margin, where width would be u\c«,V ^*i«»-^^V 
able, only live-eig,\\U\%ol «.u\u^V\,^lvvv\'«'Vv\«v 


NOTES AND QUERIES, (»»& t. fb. ai. im 

cMinoi b« Asdt IfiM eT«n in the aiaaU- 
iperiMoc B. IfAMBAK-Towsasnk. 

MiKLAB or Eakvqck. — Alexander Mttkr, 
of KArncKk, marnerJ, 15 Jaljr, 1715, a 
<lmuKijt4<r of Sir Jame<i Colqnboan, of Lon 
(vuif Burke). I «h&li Ije very glaxJ if any 
rmdtr call oblige me with information re- 
garding Millam of Earoock aboat the year 
1700. (Col.) F. W. Gbahail 

Avontnm, Rugby Roikd. Worthing. 

EyoLina : Ewoli^h Culturk — 
J)oea titete exi«t a octentiiic Itistory of 
Dbiglith tpellinK in the form of a mono- 
graph T 

\> hich 19 the be«t oomprehen<iive hiHtory 
of En^U«h culture] G. Kkck«>eb. 


Gri.BRRT Family.— I am *'ery de«iroua of 
htartiinu where I can find the lineage of 
K<iwar(r Gillwrt, E^q.. of Paul's Walden, 
HortH, whoMe dauKlitcr Mary married George 
lifiwcM, Knif. uf tStreatlarn Casllo and 
OibHkde, .Ml'., who die<l in 1700. leaving by 
lier an only daughter Mary Elwinor, who 
niarrif'd, a*t lior (iritt liutband, Joliri, ninth 
Earl of SStrathnioio. Whom did Edward 
Giiljort marrv T 

Edward Gillwrt liad two brother*. What 
wore tlittir {.'hrintjan names? whom di<] they 
marry ? and what were tlio names of their 
childnMi ? I^ach brother left a son and a 
daiinhldr. Tiio (hiunttter of one tuarried a 
ThomftH Ueovn, that o{ tlm other a Stacy Till. 
Kii.iNiiH M. Kklton. 

II, lirouKliton UoaJ, '!"|ji>rc>loii Hcatli. 

IIaiutimi. CiiiMiNAi.ft.-Could you kindly 
lnf<jrin dw in wliut Uovenuncrit return 1 
could find tlio nwniber, fKjr laioKt t'ntinmte, 
of lialiUtiiil rriiniiiali in tlio rruted King- 
<ioni> or ill Iviglaiid and WaJou I Er.ASD. 

— Can any <»nn t«»ll me what ln)ok>< throw 
light oil Llin livdi abroad of tlio Kiij^liili (•xilen 
wlio wont to I'riince and IbtllHiui in the 
Kevnnli'ciilli ffiilury f W H. K. Ut'ltTLEK. 

OitkJAiula, I'"li>i«!iiL"»! ItuHii, Uuauoiiitw. 

PoKM IN (Ink Skntknik— A nolo by Thomas 
Hood (ihr pldcr) in vol. vii. p. 188 of liirt com- 
plete work)* i« to the effect that Coilieia'a 
'Olio to Kvening,' one of the most beautiful 
IKH^iUH in the English language, is but one 
nentcnce ; there u no full !«top till the end. 
I have referred to an edition of Collina's 
piietiial wriik.N pnliliNhod by MeHHm. Ilell «fe 
Sons, liiul thi'i'i* (ind that the poem of thirteen 
alauicas is dividrd into no fewer than five 

•aalcDces. I« Hood vroagi or ia thers 
aaollier edltioo ansverme ibe ooodiiioo T 


Db. Lnsim ok Lcttsom. — There vas • 
doctor Kviog in the laat oentary, of tlie naae 
of LeU*m, on wba«e aeme aoan^ mmmdi^ 
line* were written, and I believe thej bare 
been pabUaiied in 'N. Jc Q.* Ckn enjroM 
kindly indicate the ref«rence ? A. C. — — 

GouMBOSoOGH Famu.t. — An itiaa 
Ui»tory of thin family appear* to liave _ 
progress in 1887- 1 snail be glad to 
whether the work waa completed, and alaoto 
receive any inforinattoo reapecting Ibe 
Hertfordahlre braocb of Uie familr. 

H. P. I'oi 

BeagM. Hertford. 

AsTROLOcr IX Italv.— I «hall bo gta 
receive any information as to books in French, or Italian on astrology in 
Italy in the fifteenth century. 

Edwakc Kl'ttox. 

32, Aahworlh ManaionB, Maida Vale, W. 

Archer of Umber-sladk.— Perhaps «ome< 
your readers may be able togfre tne infnrmt 
tion about Thomas Archer, first B^krou Arcbt 
of Umberslade, Warwick. He was 'jorn IGy.'i , 
elected Member for Warwick 1735, and fo| 
Bramber, Sussex, 4 May, 1741 , am! raised 
the peerage as Baron Archer of V mVier^lade ■ 
14 July, 1747. 

For what services was be made a peetj 
There are a number of letters between hi 
and the Duke of Newcastle from 1711 
1707 in lite lirilisii Museum (Add. MS 
32098, folio 3(il, to 32735, folio 61), but ll» 
do not eluciflate the question. He di 
17 October 17CH. His brother Henry Arcl 
waa M.P. for Warwick for over thirty years— 
from 1735 to 1708. 

I should be very grateful for any infonna* 
tion on this subject. 

Lait^celot Ascan. 

83, Vincent Square, Wenlminaler. 

" Vendium." — What is this t The 
occur;* in 'Anglo Indian Cookery at Hor 
(London, 1805), in the receipts for Madi 
curry paste and powder. It i<) not 
' Uooson-Jobsou.' R— K» 

"Tbdmp" as \ Card Term. — In Lodg^ 

' llo9alyn<le ' (1590) is the following ; — 
And tliouKh thou h*»t more c»r(l« in ihy b«»rli, 
I hixvo •« nimiy lruiii]is in my handi »■ thyaelf. 
Is this the first mention of "trump" aaJ 
card tern* t Ct-irroN lioBBi^a.J 

24, VilU Ki>»«l, Ilrixtou. 




" Barbian," Spanish Wobd.— Can Don F. 
DK UhaijoN or any other rea<ler inform me 
HH to tliu history of this Spaniiiii stanp term T 
I have a vivid recollt^ction that when I was 
in Maiirid, in 1888, it wm used by every one, 
un every occasion, always in a complimen- 
tary sense. My conclunion in that it had 
then just come into vogue- Am I right as to 
thi>) ] la its origin known 1 

J AS. Platt, Jan. 

RoBRRT AwsE was in tlie fifth form at 
Westminster School in 1728, (Jan any corre- 
8{>ondent of *N. & Q.' ^ivc me information 
concerning his parciktage and career? 

O. F. 11. B. 

Lewis Dacier was educated at West- 
minster School in the third decaflo of the 
eighteenth century. I should be glad to 
obtain particulars of his parentage and 
career. G. F. K. B. 

CfiARLES Ait.NOTT became a King's Scholar 
of Weatminnt^r School in 1745. Any further 
information concerning him would oblige. 

G. F. K. B. 

LoBD RoWTOV. — How did Lord Rowton 
pronounce hia name ? 0. Krukger. 


[He |ironounce«i the first syllable to rime wtLli 
now. ] 

Ghost Story is DirKKSs.— I shall Ije glad 
if any reader will give me the name of 
Dickeos'n at^ry in which the ghost ia &.Hked 
why he frequents hucIi dismal places: to 
which he replies that ho will mention it to 
tiie other ladies and gentlemen. 

R. Lucas. 

"Por.KOM." — What is a "pogrom"? and 
what is the derivation of the word ? It 
appears to nie*n a riot or attack by a mob. 
The following quotation illustrates its use : — 

"The ' l*in;roii>s ' in Bessarabia. — Wo have re- 
ceiveil the (ollowins; letters, Jalcd December 3rd 
and 9lh, the firwt from Istiiail and the neuoiid from 
Bucharest :—* The " iiORrom '" of Ismail, ori^anisecl 
tinder the very *yc(i of the |>olice and with the co- 
omration and anai«iaiic« of ihe Utter, haa brouglit 
auniit I hewiniilete ruin of three hundred families.'" 
— ' Tiie Kussiaii Curresiiondeiice iBaiied by Symna- 
thia«rs with the RiiMiaii .StriiitRle for Freedom.' 
15, hUtex Street, W.C., 2:1 Dec, 1905. 

Robert Piehpoint. 

J«<n.v Latton.— In ' Musgrave's Obituary' 
(Harleiau Societ>'4 Publications) Lutton in 
•tated to have die<i at his residence, IJurwood 
Uonse. Surrey, lo Nov., 1727, and is «ie- 
«crilie<l as " favourite of King Wm. III." 
A Dute I have relating to the Jonnson family 
. — - 1^1^^^ Lieut. - General John Johnson, 

Colonel .33rd Regiment, of Burhill, Surrey, 
married Roberta, daughter of John Latton, 
Esq.. of Eslier i'lace, Surrey, but late of Hur- 
wooil, VValton on-Tharaes, who died 8 Feb., 
1729. cp^. 20. Had John Latton disposed of 
the Hurwood estate before hia death, or not] 
In what way was he favourerl by King 
William III! D. K. T. 

jEfivia Family ok RiRXiiNonAM. — I shall 
be extremely grateful if any of your 
readers can give me information al)out the 
ancestors of Charles Jervis, son of David 
Jervia (or Jarvis), baptized at S. Mar- 
tin's. Birmingham, .30 Sept., 1740. This 
Charles Jervis is described in the Ad- 
mission Book of Trinity College, Oxford, as 
"of S. .Marlin's, Birmingham, gentleman." 
He married at same cliuicli, on 1 July, 1771, 
Sukoy Hevcocke, and had by her two sons : 
(1) John Heycocko Jervis, boiu 1774 ; and t2) 
Charles Jervis, born 1782 (M.A, Trin. Coll. 
Oxon.), rector of Cheltenham and rector of 
Luddeiiham, Kent, and private chaplain to 
H.R.H. the Duke of Cambridge. Julm 
marrie<l Eliza Voulea, and had issue four 
daughters, only one of whom married. 
Charles married Maria Grape, heiress of 
Richard Grape, of New VVindsor, Berks 
(arms, Vert, a talbot passant in, and in 
chief 2 pheons or ; crest, a stag erminois. 
collared gule<i, grazing on a mount vert), and 
Itad issue two daugliters, one of whom 
marrie<l. Alxiut eight of these Jervisea are 
butied in Moseley Church, near Birmingham. 
Oti the tomb are the following arms : Sable, 
a chevron ermine between three martlets or : 
crest, a martlet argent. Who was Daniel 
Jervis? The family was possessed of coa- 
siderable wealth and large quantities of 
valuable plate. H. \ . Jervis Read. 

The College, Winchester. 

'The Kinos Seal,' by E. S. O. S. - I 
find a printed sheet of eight verses under 
this title, arranged with an ornamental 
border, amongst my papers, signed with llie 
initials and address ^'E. S. O. S., Furze 
Cottage. Ipswich. Decemljer 1872." The first 
verse is as follows : — 

GlowinK autumn aunriso 

.Shilling over all, 
E'en as in the sprinK time 

Hmiling on the fall, 
On the still green branches 

And the luaHena atenis, 
Caatiiig in the lakelet 
Many-tinted fietna. 
Will any reader kindly inform me whose 
name the initials represent 1 

Hubert Suwa^ 
Brooklyune, Leaniiagtoaiiv«k. 

NOTES AND QUERIES, [lo- a. v. Fn. a*, looe. 


(10'" S. V. 48.) 

I HAVE been interested in the Portman 
faniily, but before reading tlie query of K. T. 
Iiad nob lueb willi any aug^eiited derivation 
of the name, nor evidence of early history 
beyond tliat advanced in the 1G23 Visitation 
of SoinerBebshirc, as printed by the Harleian 
Society in tlieir eleventh volume, p. 12C. On 
that evidence Colli iiHOn pi'obably baaed his 
remark that " the I'ortmans apiiear to have 
been a family of note in Somersotahiro in 
the reign of Edward I." (' Hist. Somerset,' 
1791. iii. 27-1). 

The Visitation first records two John Port- 
mans (I and 2) mentioned in "a deed .sans 
date"; then follow Thomas (3), 4 Ed. 1.(1270); 
Richard (4), 3:> Ed. I. (1307) ; John (5), no 
date; Richard fC), 12 Ed. III. (1338); Wil- 
liam (7), 43 Ed. III. (1369); and the next, 
William (8), is llio first located Fortman ; he 
had lands at Tauriloii, and in 1406 or 1407 
made a gradt to Taunton I'riory. 

From this point vvo liave the familv cer- 
tainly seated in Someraetshire. and Walter 
(9) assumes a notable position in the county 
by his marriage with the landed heiress 
(Jhristiaiiii Orchard, of Orchanl, two miles 
south of Taunton. The heiress died in 1472 
<Inq. Cfiristiana Portman), and her son 
John I'ortman (10) inherited her estates. 
(The space between the dale of Walter's 
death, 1474, and that of his father's i^rant to 
tlio priory, 140(i-7, seems of questionable 
lenotlh ) John Portman (II) appears to have 
liad occupation in Loiidoti, probably in the 
lenal profession, as he was buried in the 
Middle Temple Church, 5 June, 1J21. 

Sir William Porttuan (1-2). son of John (11), 
was the most eminent individual of his family; 
and aasucli ho has his place in the ' Dictionary 
of National Biography.' .\s a lawyer ho was 
a serjoant-at law to Henry YHI., became a 
juilge in l.'i47, and intho reign of Alary, ir>54. 
attained the elevation of Lord Chief Justice 
of England ; integrity and independence are 
attributed to him. He died in 1557, and was 
buried with pomp in St. Dunstan's, Fleet 
Street, Thomas Smith, in his * History of 
Marylebone' (1833) shows that Sir William 
was the founder of the Portman estate in 
hat narish ; that in 1533 lie obtained re- 
under of a lease of part of Lille«tone (now 

Sir Henry Portman (13) succeeded to the 
property, but of him there is only the record 
of his death in 1590 ; his heir was iiLi eldest 
son, Sir Hugh. 

Sir Hugh Portman (14) wa.s twice SheriflT 
of Somersetshire, in 1590-1 and lGOO-1. ^ Ho 
became possessed of two messuages at Kew, 
Surrey (Inq. p.m.), one of these being a 
mansion called the Dairj' House, which had 
belonged to Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, 
tJie favourite of Queen Elizubeth. As this 
connexion of the Portmans with Kew has not 
hitherto been recognized, I hope to make it 
the subject of a note in a future number of 
'N. & Q.' Sir Hugh wa.s knighted by the 

?[ueen at Kew in December, IftDS. From the 
act of his b'ling a second time electe<l as 
sheriff of his county in 1600, it appears that 
he was resident at Orchard Portman when 
ho died in March. 1004, and in the cliurch 
there doubtless he was buried, according to 
the directions of his will (at Somerset House). 
Ho was unmarried, and as his legal heir was 
his brother John the will is merely a matter 
of legacies to sisters. 

Sir John Porbmau (15), Knight and Baronet, 
succeeded to tiie estates on the dealli o( Jiis 
brother Sir Hugh. Ho was knighted at 
Whitehall 3 Feb., 1005, was Sheriff of Sotuor- 
setshire 1606-7, and was created firnt baronet 
of his family 2.^ Nov., IGll. He died 4 Dec., 
1612, leaving four sons, all of whom succeeded 
to the baronetcy an<l Orchard Portman with 
the other propertj', but only the fourth lived 
to maturity and left issue. Sir Henry (16) 
died February, 1024 ; Sir John (17) died, 
aged nineteen, while a student at Oxford, 
23 Dec , 1024, and was buried in the chapol 
of Wa.lham College ; Sir Hugh (18) was M.P. 
for Taunton, but died in 1(>30 at the age of 
twenty-two. There is extant the funeral 
sermon (dated 1G30) preached in Orchard 
Portman Church by Humphrey Sydenham, 
late Fellow of Wadham College; the yourie 
Sir Hugh is represented as "most hopefuli 
and truly noble, the great loss and sorrow 
both of his name and country." 

Sir William Portman (19), 5lh Rarouet, 
was the fourth brother. He was M.l*. for 
Taunton, but as a Royalist died a prisoner 
in the Tower of London, September, IC43 
(G. E. C, * Raronetage '), his age uo more 
than thirty-five (I buried at Orchard). 

Sir William Portnnin (2<)., 6th Baronet, 
was concerned in public affairs, and, acting 
with Lord Lumley, canlured the unforLunnto 
Duke of Monmouth atler ihc^ ix)utof Sedge- 

IX)Ut of ^_ 

•son) manor; and that in (^ueen Mary's moor in 1085. He, liowever, joined the narty 
gn about 270 acres of the same were con- of William of Orange, and would douutless 
l^ed to him and his son Henry. have been rewarded with honours but that 

iv* H. V. Ftt. 24. looc] NO'l'ES AND QUEKIES. 


he died prematurely at Orchurd Portraan, 
SO Marcli, 1690, Having no i.Hsuo, he left tho 
estates to liiij iiepliew Henry Seymour 
(d. $p. 172fi) for life, with remainder to Iti* 
cousin William Berkeley, who assumed the 
name and armi nf Portman, now borne hj' 
hitt deacendants, and wliose grandson Edward 
Berkeley Purlman was created Baron in 1837, 
and ViHCOuiit in 1873 Thus the elder line 
of J^)rtman, >vliich died out in K'90, had 
numbered twenty chiefH, and, as there were 
brother heirs, counted «iixteen generations. 

I regret to add, a.<) re<3ult of inquiry', that 
there are no Portman tombs or memorialM of 
any kind in Orchard Portman Church, and 
that the church, wliicli was Norman. yfiA 
more or lesa rebuilt Home fifty years back. 
'Phi's is to be deplored, for liad the reparation 
been made a generation later, no doubt the 
fate of the cliurch woul<l have l>een happier. 
The Norman porch alone remains. The 
luanaion. loo, hai been eutirely demolislie<i, 
and besides the church porch there is left 
of the original building only a little old 
rectory. L«:»id Portmau'v chief seat is now 
Bryanston, DoriteL W. L. llurroN. 

Sir GrLDERT Pjckeriso, of Titciimarsu 
(10"* S V.82). — Since reading these interesting 
notes I have been looking up some pafiers 
on .John Dryden which apeared in Otla 
Podridii, a now defunct Northamptonshire 
magazine in 1888. These papers are five in 
number, and were printe<l in the issues from 
•luly to November, being written by Mr. 
K. B. Wallis, one of the editors of the 
iMAgaxine. In tracing the descent of Dryden 
Mr. Wallis states that Erasmus Dryden 
married Mary Pickering at Ptilon, Northamp- 
tonshire, OH 21 October, 1630, the name being 
spelt " Dreydon " in the register. 

"Why the yonng coujilc went to Pilton on thii 
ha)ii>y uzcasion we raunot now deteniiirie. It 
Would be quite iiAliiral to aiiiipose the wciJJine 
Wuulil have taken place at the hridu's father'a 
church »t AMwinklo All Hainlj. Th^t they were, 
however, nikrriu'l at Pilion there is no doubt, 
«■ the togiiiter imts the i|tiCBtiuu tievood di«tiiite, 
the eiitrv tuviug l>eeti diacovere<l by the Kev. 
Ueury Ward, rector of AldwinUle Si. Pelor«." 

&[r. Wallia in the following paragraph 
throws aome additional light on the inscrip- 
tion to the memory of Mary Pickering's 
father, as recorde<l by Me. Ut'PEKT Jo.vits: — 

"Th»»ld<!*( child nf ih« iinrrjago Bolemni/.cd at 
Pilf ' ' '■ !■ IP. ir« wttD iKitii on I lie 

ftl' Ikiuh*! f.f hii tii«trrnitl 

Itrji ' ■ hi iiikl'' .Ml Siiiiii* Con- 

siderablo tloulit ■*•* »C txit,\ 

place of hi« birth, apn .it a 

niiatalci; hod ariaen about Liir jxi i'>>: iuitni>^> whit-h 
bij grandfather h«ld theUvinit. Malono Mid that 

llenrr Pickering became rector in 1647. How then 
should it come alioui that hi* daughter's eldest son 
should l>e t>om in llie rectory honso aixtaeii years 
before 1 Malone conjectured that he mi^lit h*vo 
been curate of the jiariah. This did not help much, 
still tho room in the iianoiiagie hoa been shown aa 
liiri birth|>lac« from the tin>l. Mr. Chrintie, in liia 
niiinioir prefixed to the tJlobe edition of Dryden'a 
poeini, extiluined the mystery, and the matt-er may 
Mon- be held to W cleareii uj). Maiotie had lelied 
upon iin errone"ti» nccount of the inscription on the 
Rev. Henry I'ickorin^'a toinl>stotie. and Ihii hod 
cAuged the whule mistake. According to this 
wrong reading of an inscription all but iUegibte. 
Henry Pickering )>ecame rector <jf the pariHh in 
\W. The Kev. Henry Ward, re<.Uir of Al<)wtnkle 
St. Peters, however, discovered, and coiomunicaltnl 
to Mr- Christie, the fact that the d«te of bin ytK- 
Bcntation to the living woa really lii((7. The 
inscription i« thus given by Mr. Chriatie, th« 
blanks show the illegible |iarta : — 

•''lieare lyelh the body of Henry Pykerinc, 

Rector of tliia charch the apace of 40ty y«>areii, 

who departed this life the day of Hepteniber, 

IKC aged 7'>-' 

"Mr. Chriatie adda: 'In this epitaph oa pre- 
vionsly printed irn waa aubatituied for ' 40ly,' 
Jii5i for lfi.S7, and 7 J for "■> Mr. Ward tella »ie— 
'The inscription is only legible when the sun is 
ahiniug at a ps.riicular time of the day. bat is then 
tolerably clear.' " 

In The Gentleman's Magazine tot August, 
1822, appeared some * Notic<!s of the DryrJen 
Family.' The following paragraph and note 
occur therein :^ 

"Erasmus Dryden. Eso.. so named from the 
great Eraamua, with whom he cultivated on 
ar(|uaintance, was made a Baronet bv Jame* J. 
Hia eldest son Sir John dialinguiahed hiintelf in a 
civil cA]>acity, during the Civtl Ware: hia third 
settled at Tichntarah, and had two children, one of 
which was John lJr>-ilen, the great Poer. aljont 
whom Dr. Johnson ha* made many mi*t-ak«s, 
fuirticularly conoeming his patrimony, of which he 
Uenic<l the existence, and contradicted the belter 
authority of Derrick, hi'* former biographer, who 
seems to have been well infornied, at least on this 

To this is appended the following foot- 
not© : — 

"The Writer of this article is in poasesaion of 
Bomo curious and authentic i», nerer yet 
published, concerning the nirlli, situation and 
opinions of the Poel, which be intends soon to lajr 
before the public." 

I shotthl like to a3Kk whether the name of 
"the writer" is known, and if his promise 
was ever fulfilled. JoilS T. Paoe. 

Long Itchington, Warwickshire. 

M0.'«KIfAI- SwoRD-nEARKRdO'" S. V. 00)- — 

In the late Dr. Oliver's ' History of the City 
of Exeter' (IWfl)occurs the following : — 

"When King Kdward IV. visit«d Eieter. 
14ih Ai'ril, 1461, ho i>rc»ente<l his sword to the 
(.ily. This sword, covered with black ct«\««^'««^ 
anb«e<iuently liome b«fot«i 1V\«s'A^n«>t V\ >Nj» V***" 
cession on ih« ^vVv vA 5*,\\uM's \OJyww\Wk. tCW'i. 


NOTES AND QUERIES, tio-^ h. v. Feb. si. 19oc. 

Henry VII. on his visit here 7lli Ocl., 1407 (Ihe 
king was at Taunton on tho -tth.urrived at Tiverton 
on the Gtli, and at Exeter on tlie 7th, where he 
remained till Nov. 3rd, wlien he went to Otlery 
8. Mary)— ho nave hi« sword also, with a cap of 
maintenance, lor the vigorous resistance the citi- 
KBDS made to Perkin Warlieck's army. A new 
scabbard waa nrovidcd for Henry VII.'s ■word in 
1034. Iz*(;ke (u well-credited authority) seems to 
intimate that a new cop of maintenance was also 
made at the same time ; but, as a matter of fact, 
the former was merely covered with now em- 
broidery! velvet. Tho Act Book (May 13, lG-24) 
coDtaina an order to provide a new hat for the 
sword-bearer, either at Lon<ion or elsewhere, of a 
comely fashion, a« it waa then used in Lomioei or 
Hriatow.* On July C, 1S43. Sir Samuel Meyrick 
aaw these swnrtU, in oompanv with other aulhori- 
lies, and expresses his opinion they were the only 
sword-i of our early EriKliBli kinu's in existence. The 
present mnuntiiig of Kdward IV.'a waa made in the 
time of King Charles 11, when the aword waa put 
in nionrnioK, to be currioil on tho anniversary of liia 
royal fathers martyrdom. The other waa altered 
in King James I.'s reijjn, as ia evident from otie of 
bia Kol'i coins appearinK on the pommel. 
The list of Sword-boarers ia aa follows : — 

1498. Francis Gilbert. 

1309. Williuni l>owne. 

ir»lt(. William Snmiuiter. 

15.%. VVilliam lieamont. 

1&48. Richard Froua. 

ISSrt. ilnhn May. 

1.">(j7. Richard Uartlelt. 

I;W<J. L'llicrt Harrison. 

i:>9*. Knliert Ni-rtheeot. 

1(511. Thomas Toker. 

llil-i. John Clarke. 

IU1.3. Leonard Cranehury. 

KilS. William Byrdall. 

IWI. Knbert BtetchJnden. 

115411. .Inhii Co(jan. 

ItKKl. riir>nias VVillinge. 

lliSi'y. Richard Rous. 

l<i.S7. JoReph Ilradshaw. 

KWS. Ridianl Kous. 

17»«. Jnr«al Stfcironl. 

1710. I'hilJiJ Wostcott. 

17i4. Matthew I'car. 

1765. .Simon tiandy. 

1772. Wiliiani Marler. 

17f*(J. James (Jnint. 

180S Richard .Strong. 

1S30. Hu(?h CiunniinK. 

4 1 ^^'A:^'"'"'"'"'' °**'«<^ lo perform the datie* of 
tlieoHice on being appointed .Soperitilendent of the 
Felice (25 May, iJCfc). No person waa iimdo 
pword-bearer in his tilace. but the Sword haa since 
been borne before the Mayor on all civic occasions, 
and the cap of maintenance worn by the Senior 
oergeant of Mace." 

Oliver records that there was raucli alter- 
cation in (lays gone by. between the Dean 
and Chapter and tiie Mayor, as to liow the 

. * 1 know of no place of this name: probably it 
W a mispiifii for Bristol. [Brislow is an old spell- 
v^' ^''■'' n^* '"*'""■ ''>■ ^'f^- "'• H. Stevenson on Old- 
rjeiich inllue^ce on KoRlish local uaiues, Aihtii/iiim, 

sword was to be carrie<l during state visita 
to the Cathedral. At length, on 10 July, 
1708, it was agreed 

"that if divine service should have commenced 
before the arrival of the Mayor, then the royal 
aword waa to be dropped at the eiitraoce to the 
choir, and the cap of maintenance be taken ofT: 
but otherwise the sword waa to be curried erect, 
and the cap of maintenauci) be worn before the 
Mayor on eiiteriiig into, and coining out of the 
choir, aa had been in times past : and that con- 
venient places be appointed and made for placing 
the sword and cap of maintenance before Iha 
Mayor and his auccesiors, or near their right side, 
during divine aer vice." 

The present sword bearer is Senior Sergeant 
John Salter, who succee<led to tho post on 
the resignation of his predece.ssor last year. 
The cap of mainl<?naiico was always worn by 
tlie swonl-beaicr himself until about fifteen 
years ago. Since then it has been the custom 
tor one of the sergeants of mace to carry it 
upon a velvet cushion. The order of nro- 
cussion is as follows : A posse of constables ; 
tlie sword- l>earer ; four sergeants of mace, 
wearing their ancient silver collars, and 
siioulderiiig the handsome silver^ilt maco4 
of George I I.'s time ; the cap of niainlenanoe, 
carried by a sergeant of mare, the Mayor 
immediately behind him. followed by Jus 
Deputy Mayor, the Siieriff, Town Clerk, City 
Map.shiil, aldermen, councillors, and other 
civic otHcials. Hakiiy Hems. 

Fair I'ark, Kxeter. 

King Richard IL presented a sword of 
stale to the City of Chester in September, 
1394, when on his way to Ireland ; and also 
on G April, laOfi, King Henry VII. authorized 
the Mayor and citizens of Chester to have 
the sword he had presented to them carried 
in all processions with tho point upright, Sic. 
Geo. W. Uasu Kit- 

Thk Waterloo Campaiqx (10''' S. v. iu7;. 
— The writer of tho letter, Major Talbot 
Ashley Pattison Cox, has long beon dead, but 
his widow and several daughters are alive. 
Major Cox married in 1804 Mi-js Agnes lila- 
grave, daughter of John Blagrave, Esq . of 
Calcot Park, near Ucadiug, the lieiui u( » 
very old Berks family, now repreaenled by a 
brother of Mrs. Ashley Cox. 

Constance Rdsskll. 

SwallowGeld Park, Reading. 

"Smith" is Latin (lO'* S. iv. 409, 457 ; 
V. 13, 73). — A Hugaenot emigrant family 
named Lefe-'re took tlie name of Smith on 
settling as merchants in London. Two 
members of this family entered the service of 
the Hon. East India Company about 1750, 

io'*8.v.Fr^24.i906.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


namely, Charle-s Smith, who became a 
raeinber of Council at Fort St. George, and 
Culling Smith, who wa^s on the Bengal 
Bittabiinhment. They were the sons of 
Thoman Smith and Culling Home, the sifter 
of John Home, Governor of Bombay. 
Calling Smith was created a baronet in ISO^ 
(See 'Indian ^lonumontal Inscriptions,' 
vol. iii., by J. J. Cotton ) 

Fbask Penny. 

It i^ inlere^iting to note that since the 
question was firut raised in 'N. tk Q.' the 
family of "Smith in Litin " ha» been occupy- 
ing a giH^i deal of attention on tlie part of 
the public. One Faber ha<i been made a 

Eoer, and another has won a seat in the 
louiie of Commona. 


"Sraiihus" is used in the title of a Litin 
book published Lond. 1C91, as follows : 
"V. CI. Oalielmi Camdeni, ot Illustrium 

Virorum ad G. Camdenum Epi'^toln? 

Priemittitar O. Camdeni Vita, Scriptore 
Thoma Smttho. ' W. R. IIor-LAND. 

CoLBT o.v Peace axd Was (lO"" S. v. 28. 
57, 95). — In addition to the pasHagCH referred 
ti} by .Mr Tl'bner Room and Mb. VVaine- ' 
WKMHT, Cicero has the following allusions to 
civil war : — I 

*' Eqaidetn p*cem hortari non dasino ; quic vel 
in)u»l* ulilior eat, niiam juAlissinium bolhiru." — | 
* KtiiKt ad Alt.,' vt). 14. 

''Mihi t'tum omiiiH itux cum civthun bello civili 
ulilior videbalur."— • l'liiti|i.,' ii. I.>t37). 

Uamagc, in his ' Beautiful Tlioughtn from 
L^lin Autliors,' third edit., 1877, n. 690, thus 
illustrates " Miseram piicom vel bello bene 
luutari. Even war ix preferable to a wretched 
and dishonourable peace" (Tacitus, 'Ann,' 
iii. 44):— 

'• Franklin (Loiter to Qiiinoy, Sei)t. 11. lT7.1)«ay8 : 
' There never was » kooA war or a bad pe*ce.' And 
S. Butler ('Speeches iti the llornp Parliament') 
Bay*: 'It hath been nail] thnt *n unjust |>o«ce ia 
to be preferred Ixifore a just war.' " 

*A New Dictionary of Quotations from 
the Greek, Latin, and Modern Languagos,' 
pjcventh edit , iHftS, p. 220, says that " fni- 
qui:i<iimam pacem juitiaHimo bello antefero" 
wai a favourite maxim of Charles James i'^ox. 
Prosamably he applied it to foreign wars 

With great shame, and many apologiea to 
the rea<leri of ' N, A Q ,' I must confess that 
my reply at the last reference i"< quite wrong, 
and that of Mb. Turner Room is right. 

John B. Wainewbkuit. 
L.ico!cic Letters (lO**' .S. v. 108).— When 
tb« cbarch of Swallowdeld was resibored in 

1H70, Sir Charles Russell applied to the Duk& 
of Wellington for a ftubscription, as he had 
land in the parish. Hia answer was : " Dear 
Sir Charles, I too am restoring a church, and 
if we both agree to give the same amount, 
no money need pass between us. Yours^ 
Wellington." Constance Russklu 

■Stvallowfield P&rk, ReadioK. 


86). — Thanks to the foresight of past 
librarians, Evans's original sale catalogues 
are in the British Museum Library. 

Ralph Thouas. 

"TuE Two Fbtbnds," Pris(E.s Street, 
London, nOi (10"' S. v. 90).- Probably thia 
was a tobacconist's sign, since two men are 
sometimes represente<l on old tobacco paper* 
smoking the pipe of (peace and) friendship — 
sentiments especially associated, after the 
manner of the Indians, with the burning of 
the fragrant weed. It may be noted, more- 
over, that the date, 1704, was long after tlio 
general abolition of signs, which were re- 
tained, however, especially by tobacconista 
and tavern-keepers. But tliero were so many 
Princes Streets in London at tlie time in 
question that some further data would cer- 
tainly l)e necessary to trace this particular 
instance. Nine years later there were at 
least eight Princes Streets in London (' Pic- 
ture of London,' 1803). 


'The EricL'nE» Almanack' (10'^'' S, v. 4, 
IIG).— 1 agree with Mr. Schloe.s.ser tliat it 
is improbable that Benson Eaile Hill edited 
the first issue of this rather interesting pub- 
lication. In my copy the words *' By R. 
Rylance " are written in pencil on the title- 
paee. G. E. Weare. 


Is the James White, of whom Mr. Sculoes- 
SEB knows nothing, the same bearer of the 
name who has been immortalizod by Charles 
Lamb? I write without books of reference 
at hand. 

Mr. E. V. Lucas, I imft«ine, if any one^ 
would know whether Lamb's Jem White was 
connected with 'The Epicure's Almanack.' 
A priori it would seem a most appropriate 
performance for him. Edward Benslv. 

" M armor" and tub Sea in L.vtin Poet* 
(lO'" S. V. lOG).— I expressed no approval of 
the " .suKgeslion " which I brought forward 
as a reHection under another heading. I was, 
of course, acquainted with the Greek words 
mentioned by Paur. Leeper. It has Ijeen 
poiuted out that there ma^ Vjfc sbkss» "^wik.-^ 


NOTES AND QUERIES. H^ s. v. Fm. 34. imi 

skritic words in the language of t!ie natives of 
ilaoriland. In tliafc language the moon ia 
4»il)Gd niarama, and the word "calm," in 
speaking of the sea, is inarino. The sea, when 
calm, does, like the moon, shine oft with Bmilea 
from the sun. It may be that these words 
came from the Malayan peninsula, skipping 
acrofts the waves, before Virgil read the 
'Iliad.' E S. DoDOsoN. 

Major Richard Cromwell, 1648 (10*'' ti. 
V. 69, 1 1 3J. — In Noble's * Memoirw of the 
Cromwell Family,' p. 202, we find the follow- 
ing concerning the baptism of Richard Crom- 
well, Hon of the I'rotectoi" : " Pi'obably his 
U7irU Jiic/iani Cromwell, Esq., was one of the 
sponHors and gave him his Cliristitin nninc." 
Const AKuE Kus.^kll. 

Swallowfield Park, Pteadit)fc< 

"Brown Bess" as applied to a Musket 
<10"' 8 V. 21, 91).— PeriiaiH in the reign of 
•i^ueen Elizabetli the Ordnance muskets were 
familiarly called "Be-ss's muskets." If no. 
Brown's improved pattern would l>e called 
•'Brown'8 Besses." M. N. 0. 

Maidlow (10"' S. iv. 608). -Would not this 
name be the Anglo-Saxon witeW, meadow, and 
Jilit'iK, a small hill or a tract of gently rising 
ground— a " low "" I 


UrEN-AtR Pulpits (10"' S. iv. 4.30 ; v. 53, 
:9C) — The fine I^ector's pulpit in the refec- 
tory at Chester Cathedral was simply alluded 
to {fintc, p. .Vi) as occupying much the aarae 
relative position to its surroundings as the 
oft called, but wrongly termed open-air 
puljnt at Shrowisbury Abbey originally did 
to its own refectorj', prior to the latter'a de- 
struction. ilR. G. W. Uaswell has well 
taken exception to the remark that at 
•ChcHter tlie pulpit is approached from the 
■cloisters, although it has, at times, Ijeen re- 
presented as so doing. For instance, a 
cutting from Church Beth before me says :— 

"The Kirly Kngliah |iuliiit illustrated on this 
|iK((o is ill the rufectory ml Uuesler. wliicli is itartof 
the Calhedrfcl buitdiug, and it eiitored from tlie 

But I allow that the more accurate descrip- 
tion is that it is approached by an arcaded 
paxsage, one side of which opens out, by a 
series of bays, into the refectory itaelf— these 
unitedly forming an exceptionally beautiful 
-example of thirteenth - century arcading 
With reference to the exterior stone pulpit 
at .Magdalon College. Oxford, 7'he Or/uni 
lfni,>crttt>i(iazette of 21 June, 1905, recordsthat 
upon St. John Baptist Day la-st a aermon, ac- 
cording to ancient custom, was preached from 

it by the llev. A. Ogle, of Magdalen College. 
Formerly, on such occasions, the ground 
immediately below was Mtrewn witii rushe<i 
and grass, and the adjacent walls of tho 
building decorated with green boughs, in cora- 
memoration of the preaching of the Baptist 
in the wilderness. I happen to possess an 
old print in which these additions arc cleiu-ly 

I'arker in liU ' Glossary ' (third ed., 1840) 
says :— 

"In the Fabric Rolls of Exeler Calheilral. in 
1324-5, occurs a cliarRe of 2.0(1) I ilea *|if.i \a 1*u1- 
pylte.' which was a diatiuct uuildtnK on the north 
•ide of the church, where leclurea and serinoits 
were occasionally delivered." 

Habby Hkms. 
Fair Park, Exeter. 

Vamphorn (10* S. V. 110).— Some notes on 
vamp horns were given by Peter Lombard in 
The Chu>xh Timet in 189S In the issue of 
25 February he repro<Juced a communication 
on the subject received from the Rev. Horace 
Atkins, rector of Harrington, Nortliampton- 
shire. Thence I extract the following inte- 
resting particulars : — 

"In connexion wilh vamping in music wc find 
the vampint; horiu formerly used to ninjnjfy th» 
voice ojf the leader of a choir and «et tlio lune* ot 
the hymns. Very few of these ' vamps' •■« known 
to exist. There are a|)«cinioiis in the parish 
church of Willoughton, iu Lincolnshire ; in ll'»l of 
Harrington, m Northamptonshire; and a vriT t*r- 
fect one in Braybrooke Church, in the in m 
The last of these was in use less than ^ 
ago, and is still in good condition. It mi........ .. ■•.c 

voice, we may say, very considerably, giving lhrw» 
or four limes the sound of the natural vnicc, and 
would form a powerful aihlitinn Ut a weak choir. 
in the early part of this century the sexton used to 
go round Braybrooke on Sundays with tho * vamp' 
to summon tho congregation to ibe choral 

"Tho follosving are the dimensions of the thres 
' vainjis' in intliea : — 


Height tHi 

Diameter of bell... 2.5 

Mouthpiece ... 3\ k 3 

Separate parts ... '.% 

Beginning at ... 'X! 

The mouth ... none 

They are truin|.et-sliiii>ed, and CAch is composed of 

ten rings, which in Ihe bell nre tln>»n8olvt»« iiiad** 

up of suikU i(Art«. Till- ■ ' ' ' '■ 

was probably fur con\' 

two parts iif the Bray br<" , I 

together, but the iiioulliiuece, Mhich t* nuL tho 

ortginat, is removable. Tne bell ia oniainntud by 

forty-three plain round bosses, boutvn out of tho 

inotal at somewhat irregiitnr intervals. 'I'lio 

Willowghlon 'vamp" closely resetulilrH iliul at 

Harrington. Tlie use of trumpets to in 

sound of the voice is ««!■{ to l>« vei\ 

Seven luppoaed to have beeo used for tln" iiu \^no 






... 74 




... 31 X 2 


... »)| 


... as 


... ui 

10* s. V. fek. iM. 1906.1 NOTES AND QUERI ES. 

are i>r65erve<l in the museum of the Royul Irish 
Aciiiieiny, but these »re all c&at iu one piece of 
bronxe »ud *re turi'td iu shape.'" 

In the next isaue of The Church Times for 
March, IBdS, it wai mentione*! that another 
vamphorii existed at the cliurch of Charing, 
io Kent. See also S'*" S. viii. 365, 477 ; ix. 151. 

John T. Pa<je. 

Long I(chingtuu, Warwickshire. 

I do not know why this name is written &H 
one word • bat the vamping horn, of which 
an example still remains in Charing Church, 
Kent, is nimply a big speaking trumpet. The 
vicar of Charing informs me tiiat it was used 
in the choir, that some clioira liad four of 
them, and that they were used for support- 
ing the singing. Ihe vampers, instead of 
Hinging the words, kept up an accompani- 
ment of '• pom-pom," and to some extent 
took the place now occupied by the organ. 
In a magazine cutting preserved at Charing 
the vamping horn is illustrated. 

il. Snowden Ward. 

HuJIuw. Kent. 

See J. T. F. under 'Singing Trumpet ' in 
6"" .S. xii. 355; Gent. A/a;/, December, ]8GfJ 
(woodcut), 776; March, i8G7, p. 338; July, 
1867, p. 81 ; and January, 1868, p. 80. 

J. T. F. 

VVuEATSTONB (lO"* S. iv. 380).-On 19 June, 
1829, a patent for wind musical instruments 
wan granted to Charles Wheatstone, of -1.36, 
Strand, musical in>itrument maker. This f 
was Wheatstones first patent, and lie was 
then twenty-seven years of age. but I am not 
able to fix the date when lie commenced 
business in the Strand. It is evident, how- 
ever, that the date assigned by the Hritisli 
Museum autliorities to the piece of music 
mentioned by Mr. IIalph Thomas requires 
correction. 11. B. I*. 

"Was you?" and "Yotr was"(10">S. 
i. 509: ii. 72, 157; v. 32,76, 114).— Horace 
Walpolc, in a letter to my greatgrandfather, 
the Hon. Thuaiaa Walpole, now before me, 
ways :— 

"The letter ffon rro* lo (food as to take the 
trouble of «endiiii; iiie, waa of no iimnner of conse- 
quence as til being opened, beinx only from old 
Madame d'E;;inoat about lome iSlaffordshire 

H. S. Vade- Walpole. 

lUI. Lexhatn GM-dena, KensinKton, W. 

Mellhtor GuvnicKENs (10"' S. iv. 4G9, 
537 ; V. 37, 9.3).— His sons Frederick William 
and Qustavus were both educated at West- 
minater School. They were also both 
Admitted to Lincoln's Inn 10 Feb., 1745 i>, 
Frederick William, the elder, was called to 

the bar 27 June, 1753 ; while Gustavus went 
into the army and became a major general. 

G. F. R. B. 

Pedioree Djfkiculties : Maby Stapleton 
OK Stoughton (lO"" S. v. 87). — I would 
suggest that Mr. Alkked Stapletox make a 
search for Stoughton wills in the Principal 
Court and in the Archdeaconry and Commis- 
sary Courts of Surrey, say from 17C3 lo 180O. 

50, Beecrofi Road, Brocklcy, S.E.^c, c. 1744 (10'" S. iv- 486; v. 12).— 
The year nearest to 1744 in which the 22nd 
Sunday after Trinity fell on Martinmas was 
1749. In 1088 and 1760 the same was the 
case. The identification may therefore be 
eifocted by examining the almanacs of 1749, 
as both the earlier and later years seem ex- 
cluded by the terms of the query. Q. V. 

May Day: Two Poetical Tracts (10"' S. 
iii. 344). — The lines ' May Morning at 
Magdalen College' are by the Kev. Arthur 
Cleveland Coxe. Bi-shop of New York, who 
diofl in July, 1896. They are included in the 
later edition.s of liis '('bristian Ballads and 
Poems.' 11- B- P- 

Jenkyn, Little John, ic. (W^ S. v. 109). 
—In Somersetsliiro the following lines were 
formerly sung by tlie Christmas mummers : — 
Hure conicB I, liddle man Jan, 
With my zwoni in my han', 
It you don't all do 

An you 1)6 told by 1, 
I'll zend you all to York, 
Vor to make apple-iiic. 

Hero in Berkshire we still keep up the 
mummers, and every Christmas tliey give us 
their rendering of the play ' St. George.' 
We have the Doctor, tlie King of Egypt. 
St- George, and some other characters. 

Should not "x\[eriasek" bo ileriaclcc, tho 
name of a groat Cornish hero and of a 
Brittany saint? Conon Meriadec at tlm end 
of tha fourth century went over from Corn- 
wall to that part of Armorica afterwards 
called Brittany, which he governed as king 
for twenty-»ix years, and from him doscendeU 
the Dukea of Brittany. 

Constance Russell. 

BwallowGeld, Reading. 

In theappendix to ^^-^'Glossary of North- 
amptonshire Words and Pluases' (1854 Miss 
Baker devotes a chapter to ' Murarauig She 
there gives the words of a moek play of 
which she witnes-sed tho performance by 
eight mummers "some years since, at the 
seat of the late Michael WodbaVV.^ ^«ow^ 
Then ford." Cue ol \.\v^ e^\Ttfaiik.<\s \fc^*»i«^ 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [i(r<- a. v. Ft.. 24. woe. 

18 a doctor, who h accompanied by an 
as-sisbaut named in the liab "Jem Jacks,' and 
apoken of by himself as " little Jim Jack." 

John T. Pa(;e. 

Long ItohiDgton, Warwickshire. 

In tlie Rloasary to ' R.eliques of Ancient 
En^li'ili Poetry,.' vol. ii. p. 412, ia "Jenkin, 
Uiuiiiiulive of John." I do not know in which 
ballad the name occurs. 11. J. Fvnmore. 


St. Exi-EDiTus (10^'' S. V. 107). — Husenlwlh, 
iu his ' EmbletQ3 of SainUs," recorda this 
martyr's day as 19 April, and says that in 
ancient eocleaiaatictit art ho is represented 
crushing a crow under his feet. 

Haury Hems. 

Fair I'ui k, Exeter. 

Cf. an articlB in the current number of the 
Analecta Hollimdmvi (torn. xxv. fasc. i.), 
*SaiDt Expedit et le Marlyrologe Hiernny- 
mieo.' L. L. K. 

*' Pik" do"' S. V. 107).— r knew a house- 
wifu wt)o always did the cooking for her own 
houHelH>Id, and said that "ptppy apples" 
made the beat tlumplings and pien. She 
meant Lhoso apples in wliicti there weromany 
pips, or "pippins." Tim apples with none, or 
only small pip-i, were not so good as eaters or 
coolcera. 1 know that as children we liked 
beat those apples wliich Imld large, well- 
made, deep-coloured pips. The pip^^ we took 
between the thumb and finger ends, and 
'* florting" them away, said : — 

PijHiins, iiiiipiaa, 
Fly away : 
liring ine 'ii ajijile 
'Notlicr flay. 

In this we never faileti, for we said, ''It 
will send more good apples." 

Tuo.s. Ratcuffe. 

It may be worth while referring Dr. 
MuRttAV to Dekkor's 'Old Fortunatus' 
(' Works,' Pearson, i. \^2\ where iie will find 
the "cry" of an "Iri-she Coster-monger": 
"Buy any Apples, feene Apples of Tamasco, 
feeuo Tamasco peepins ; peops feene," <tc. 

W. Bang. 


G. J. HoLTOAKg: Chartists and Special 
Constables (lo"" S. v. 126). — Surely there 
must be many of us alive who were sworn in 
as specials in 1848 to quell the 8upi>osed 
Chartist riots, which did not take place and 
were never intended. I was one of the 
Lincoln's Inn lot, and am now over eighty- 
one. On my eighty-second birthday, Sunday, 

4 Feb., 1906, I sculled bow io the racing 
sculling eight of my Furnivall HcullinR Club 
for Girls and Men, from Hni ith, 

against wind and tide, to > at 

liichmond, and back, about foui u-rii initeit. 
Wo had girls at G and 2. After getting diiwii 
to our clubhouse on the river bank, we liad 
BO members and friends to tea, and llien 1S5 
to dances, songs, and recitations : a very 
happj' time wo spent. F. J. Fursivali*. 

I was sworn in as a special con- 
stable in April, 1848, at the mature age of 
twenty-three. I kept roy bat<Mi for many 
years, but it has long since disappeared. I 
Iiave often wondered what on earth I should 
have done wilh it, had we come to blows. I 
used to picture myself encountering a tall 
Irisiimati with a long spear, ready to run me 
ill rough, anri I did not relish tlie picture-, but 
it all ended in a fiasco. E. Marston. 

In the various obituary notices of Holyoake 
I have not seen it recorded that at one time 
ho was accustomed to lecture under the name 
of Iconoclast. I well remember that iu lUv 
late fifties he did so— for a long while con- 
tinuously — at a small hall situated near the 
bottom of Rockingham Street (ilie Moor end) 
at tSlielKeld. I reminded him of this a fe^ 
years ago, and he replied, in a clieery note. 
that probably he and I were almost the only 
ones left who remembered the lueetingtt la 

The special constables in London id I94A 
were supplied witli a rattle as well an with a 
ata£F. XI y father, who was one of thooie 
sworn in at tliat time, retained both token» 
of office until his de^ith in 1887. 

Harbt Hems. 

Fbir Park, Exeter. 


v. 108) —Allow me to refer to ' Ilegioald 
palton," by John Gibson Lockhart, publiabed 
in 182.3, a novel descriptive of Oxfonl lif- ^r 
the Lime alluded to by S. T. S— tl 
tlio eighteenth century and the h. , 
of the nineteenth. Lockhart gra<Iuatc«i from 
Balliol College as First Class in Lit. Hum. in 
1813. The passage is worth quotation : — 

" AmorvKat tlie first volunteer conn raie-"!!. wht-n 
ttie I'Veiici) invasion was threatenen. Iia<l 
coiisialiriK entirely of meiulMirsof the I' 
and iliough the {ugleniai) w»» a rr"--'- 
aiid kImmihI all the otliccra Maatom !•: 
n finer vulunleor rfRiinfiit never > 
KtiRlisli ground. That corjn, however. I know iiul 
well for what reiuon. Iia<1 heen broken up altatit a 

year before Reginald tame to Oxfonl '!■■ ■' ■ ■< 

hition. a great number of (he voiin^^ 

had tifpired in ita ranks, full of i . 

thusiaeni which then burned all over the cou"i 

10* 8. V. Feb. 24. 1906.) NOTES AND QUERIES. 


Isftd flolicttrd anil obtained the |>ei'inieiioD of their 
t«u|i«rior« to join the regiment of the city. "~Bk. III. 
cha|i. ill. 

John Pickfoed, M.A. 

Newbourne Reotory, Woodbridge. 

DcTcn Epiphany Custom (10"' S. v, iiii).— 
Wliether the bean custom at Epiphany, which 
[is almost nntverial on the European contiiient, 
{be traceable to liie Roman Saturnalia, ur to 
[the custom among the Romans of casting ritce 
[to fJecide who »huuUl be tlio rejr coni'ivii, is 
||)6rhaps still open to question. It is, liow- 
'ever. remarkable that man^' of the customs 
peculiar to the Saturnalia bear a noteworthy 
rcHemblance to the mports of the Italian 
Carnival and of our own Christma-i. One of 
the amuieraents, for instance, in private 
HOciety, during this festival, was the election 
of a mock king, at once suggesting a close 
resemblance to our Twelfth Night ceremony, 
[ill which he who finds the bean is proclaimed 
['' King of the Bean "—in France " Lb Uoi de 
[Feve.'* The "special kind of bread" made 
[in Holland, in which the bean is hidden, 
irobahl}' had no particular signification 
Further than that special bread or cake was 
ippropriate to the occasion. A writer in T/te 
^GiHtleiwm's ^fa^fl1l^ne^(\\xolfn\ by Brand in his 
*Anti<jnilieV thinks the practice of choosing 
the king and queen on Twelfth Night owes 
itn origin to the custom among the Romans, 
which they took from the Greeks, of casting 
[.riice who should be iho rex convivii, or, as 
"lorace calls liira, the arbiter libendi. Who- 
ever threw the lucky cast, which they 
[termed Venus or Basilicus, gave laws 
I for the night {Gent. Maij., vo). xxxiv,, 
I December, 1764, p. 099). But this custom 
was peculiar to convivial meetings following 
an ent^^rtainment given to frietids, and not, I 
think, to any particular part of the Satvnii- 
alia which may have corresponded to Twelfth 
Night. In the English custom a pea was 
appropriated to tlie queen as well as a bean 
to the king. Concerning the rer convinii at 
the comiistitio see Fuss's * Roman Antiquities ' 
(trans. 1840), § 4G4. We have a saying which 
testiG&i to the former prevalence of the 
custom in England, " He has found a bean 
the cake, ' meaning that good fortune 
attends him, he lias drawn a pri/.e in the 
>tt«ry. And that the king was supposed to 
< pro tf.m, one of the Tiireo Kings is evident 
in thrt Frencli narne for tlie occasion, the 
JQur (Irs roix, while the French also indicate 
jood luck proverbially by the saying, "II a 
rouve la fi-ve au gAteau." 
On Twelfth Night in the year 1870 an 
fclmoftt impromptu dinner was got up at the 
Tailerie«, iuritations being sent out in the 

afternoon to assemble a party of forty. 
Several of the Prince Imperial's young friends 
were among Iha guests, and after dinner the 
Empress assembled a circle around her to 
" draw the bean"; a superb specimen of the 
traditional cake made its appearafice.aud the 
i)ean fell to the share of the Prince Imperial. 
Was it hazard alone, it was a^ked, that 
directed ttie knife? Again, at a party of 
Liberal members de la Gauche great fun was 
liad about the bean, a number of joking 
predictions being made for the deputy to 
whom, the bean should fall. The t/nlctte was 
cut, and the bean, which happened to be 
in the centre, remained in tlie dish, its re- 
publicanism being proclaimed with unanimity 
of laughter {<^>U€en, 1.1 January, 1870). 

J. HoLDE.Nf M.vcMicriAEL,. 

Selling Onbsblf to thk Dkvil (10"' S. 
V. 29, 78, 115).— The following, though noti 
an answer t«i the question, is interesting. It is 
in Boyle's' Historical and Critical Dictionary,' 
London, 1710, p. 801, s v. Cayeb (Peter Victor 
Pabna) :— 

"Pi'ter C'ayer" l>ecame such a Reprolwte, aa 

to make a Contract with .Satan under the Name of 
Terrier. Prince of the Suhterranean Sjiirits, and 
rasif^ri'd him»oif, up to him lindy and .Soul, on con- 
dition that he (the DoviJ) shonhl make him tiiccess- 
ful in his Diaputea wiih ihe Proreatants, and render 
him Master of the TonRues. Thii Contract, Sign'd 
with Blood, M-oa found after liia ])eath, anil was 
seen by divers of the King's Council.'* — Quoted frani 
TiiGodoro Trotichin : his preface upon the Defence 
of our Versioiig, l(j20. 

Bajlo gives another quotation to the effect 

" the Devil took Cayet Body and Soul, so that to 
deceive thoae who were to bear the Coffin At hia 
Funeral, they were obliij'd to (ill it witli Stones 
instead of IheCarkasa, which the Devil had seiz'd." 

This is quoted from Konig's ' Bibiiotheca," 
" upon the WonJ Cabierus," where it is appa> 
rently a quotation from ilaresius, t. ii., 
* Contra Tirinura/ p. 434. 

RoBBRT PlERPOINT. : Atam.\n (lO'" S. v. 109).— Accord- 
ing to Vladitnir Dai's dictionary of the living 
Great Russian language (the revised e<lition 
of which is still proceeding) Olaman and 
H«tmar>, wiiich are derived from CJerraan 
Ilauptmann, are the names of the former 
leaders of the Cossacks in Malo-Russia or 
Little Russia. The more usual form of this 
name, applied to the military captain of the 
Malo-Russian Cossacks, appears to be Ata- 
man. Hence the well -Known proverbial 
saying, "Torpi, Kozak ! Ataman budesh " 

■ Cayet, Cayer, Cakior, Caillette, Cajet» Cayerua, 
Cijeiue, C»jei«aos. 

[W* 8. V. Fta. 24. I0U8. 





(" Endure, Cossack ! You will be an Ata- 
man"). Considering that Hetraan, as pointed 
out by Mk F. p. M.vrcuant, denoted also an 
elective prince of Liltlo Russia, it might be 
of common interest to ascertain the date 
wlien tliis loan-word was first imported from 
German into Russian. 11. Kueus. 

Death - birds in Scotland and Ireland 
(10"' S. iv. 530 ; v. 111). — I never heard of the 
robin being considered a bird of ill omen. 
One used to come in at the wiudow aud 
perch itself on a chairback, lookinp at me 
witli its beautiful eye, but I am afraid it was 
killed by a cat. TI»ero aro many allusions to 
it iti the poets, as ; — 

Sweet robin, I Imvp (leard them say 
Tlmt tli'ju wert lliere ui>on the day 
Wlieu Christ was crowned in cruel acorn, 
And lioie away one bleeding lliorn. 

And again :— 

Little bird with b<iaom red, 

Welcome lo my InimWe ahcil ; 

Daily to my ttt^>le steal 

AVhJle I get my Hcauty meal. 
Yet another, from Shakespeare (' Cymbeline,' 
IV. ii):- 

Tlie rmldock would. 
With clinri^ablc bill (O bill, Bore-shaniiDg 
Tl»0!-e rich left iieira that let their father* lie 
Wiilioiil a iiionuinent !), brici^ tliee nit thii ; 
Vca, and furred moea bcaideR, when llowera are 

To wJnler-KTound thy corae. 

John Pickfobd, MA. 
Newboume Hectory, Wootlbridge. 

In her 'Glossary of Northamptonshire 
Word? and Plirase.>)' (1854), a v. ' Kobiu,' 
Miss Baker says, iiifey uIki : — 

" If a robin settle near tt hottse, and at llic cnn- 
clusiou of Ilia aoHK k'wcs a c-h)r]>, or inalearl of 
sinKiriK nionua filaintively, it ia considered the hnr- 
bini;cr of dualh to one of I he inniatc8. This 
aui>er8lition extenda very widely; aceordinn lo 
BrouUelt ('(lloa-iary of Norlli-Oountry W'ord.ii') it 
prevaiU in paria of Northumberland and k>(.-otland." 

See also 8"' S. x. 4ri2. Jons T. Page. 

LonK Ilchington. Warwitkahire. 

In Devonshire tlie robin is very generally 
associated with ill-luck, and not by the 
illiterate only. At the Ashburton meeting 
of llie Devonshire Association in 180G a 
member of the Committee on Devonshire 
Folk-lore tcfiorted {tnteyaiin) as follows : — 

" DurinR the whole of the paat winter a robin 
took u|i its abode in the houae of a friend of mine, 
where it remained until the aprinc, rooatingon th» 
|)ioturea during the niKht, and helping iiaelf to 
what it iileaaed from the table during nieala. A 
lady fricnci (tlie wife of aclerRynian) called one day, 
and, oltKerviii^ the robin flying about the room, 
remarked tliatahe ahould not caro to liave it in her 
houae, «M it would be certain to bring misfortune ' 

The belief is undoubtedly very prevaJenfc 
in this county, more especially, aa may b© 


supposed, in the rural districts. 


A. J. Davy. 

Luster Ware (10'*' S. v. 110).— Although 

the metallic lustre imparted to the particular 
kind of earthenware vessels known as 
" lustre ware " was doubtless suggested by 
the superior, though similar lustrous om&> 
mentation of Hispano Moresco pottery, it 
seems to have been in other rej^jjecls one of 
those inventions which were distinctly 
ICnglish, and one which owed nothing 
beyond this suggestion to continental in- 
fluences. Copper "lustre ' was ma«lo at 
Bri.flington, near Bristol, by Richard Frank 
and his son, the Ilrisliu^ton works havine 
been closed in 1789; but it was also produced 
in the Staffordshire potteries. This copper 
lustre, into which copper or a substitute for 
it entered largely, was turned out in large 
quantities, to meet the demands of the 
cottager for something bright and attractive 
to the eye, and may still be mtit with 
frequently in the farmhouses and cottages in 
the neighbourhood of Gloucester and Bristol. 
Prof. Church says: — 

*'.fohn Hancock, when em|tloyed at Hanl#r> ■• 
said to have oriifinated thia kind of daeoratiois 
ao far aa the Potteriea are concerned; and Iw weiM 
to have aold a co|iy of liia recii>e to many difEeretit 
firma. We do not know wficlher hti (iniduced 
'allver,' that is jvlKtinum, lualre. as well *• bron/e 
or copiHir Di)d gold hiatrcp, but Sh.iv. •'' ihat 

one John Gardner inlrndnced ihi'^ n in 

tlie euivloyment of *lhe Ute Mr. ^' : 'inaa 

Woiilfe) of .Sloko.' So lato aa IS—t Una Joh» 
<!ftrdner was working for Joaiah SikkIb the third. 
Other early hstntTordsiiire niakern of 'silver ' luktre 
are staled to have been Mr. G. Sparkes, «>f Slack 
Lnne, Hanley ; Mr. liorobin, of Tunatall : and 
Mr. John Ainaley, of Lane End. Shaw assigns tlis 
introduction of gold lustre to one llonnya, alao to 
James Dftuiel, of Stoke. Fortunately a certain 
number of marked piecea of platinuni luslred ware 
are atill extant, and these nflbrd criteria br vr},:rh 
WQ are enabled to allocate a cood many i'^ 
examples to Knberl Wilson, of Ildulcy. I 
that thifi p<itter began this partioular brui 
work after the termination of liia p.ii 
with Neale— certainly after the year IT^T 
Imbly not until i7M. Nine years after i 
date David Wilson, brother of Robert, 
to produce wull-nioulded vevaela for 'ti. 
table, aa well aa many varieties of '. 
handled cups, and not ii few atatiiett< 
animala in 'ailvered' ware. The v\ i|.:oii_s ii!.v> 
turned out anme ])ieces of ' copper ' or ' bronze * 
luatrod ware. tHlier eiehteenth and early nine- 
teenth century .Staffordahire jiotters who entplvy^nl 
iilatinum on their wares were Lakin and IVk.)*.. 
Si>odo, and Wood and Calii well. If the at 
the letter D accompanied by « aceplr* ten 
to Davenport, of Lon^i^ert, hia name max 

io* a. V. Fw. at. 190&] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


to Ihe list, for there exist several lustred pieces 
beariiiK •ucli marks impreased."— A. H. Cliurch'a 
'English Earthenwikro made dnrioi; the Keveii- 
teenlb »nd Eighteenth Centuriea,' 1901, pp. 113-14, 

1 myself possessed two platinum lustred 
figures of b)oj's, nude, liol«ling aupports for 
candlea, but the resemblance to silver in 
these examples of tlie statuette was some- 
what remote. J. Holdkn MacMiciiael. 

Cf. W. Burton's 'A History and Descrip- 
tion of lingliiih Earthenware and Stone- 
ware' (London, 1901). L. L. K. 

"Pin-pibb" (10«* S. v. 70, 114). —I took 
out with rae to India in 1864 a pin-fire 
breech-loader. This followed after ray 
muzzle loader. Harold Malkt, Col. 


Orrgorn th". Orol : hh I'lrv!. in IIl'<loru awl 

TkoHi/hf. By 1'. Homes Dudden, B.D. 2 vols. 

(LonKi.iAns A Co.) 
It is with good reMon that ihe historic conscioiis- 
noM h*< conferred on (iregory I. the title of 
"Ore*l."' Probably no other man has impressed 
his own mind and personality m deeply on Ihe 
history of the civilized world. Wherever Chria- 
tianily lia,s spread, his iniltience haa been folt ; and 
it is imjioasiiiie even to conceive what England 
wight havo remained if Gronory, by hia faiiinua 
iiiiwion to onr ahorea. had not brought it into tlic 
fold of i^t. Peter. His atron^. niiulerful nature, 
Ills ntarvellnoa energy and power of organization. 
Itis indefatigable zeal in apreading tho faitli of 
Chriat, mark him out M a "King of Men," and 
have enforced the homage and respect of Chris- 
tendom. Mr. Duddon distribute* his coniprehen- 
»ive work into three books, whicli treat of fi) 
(in^ory's life before his Pontificate, (ii) hisPnntiti- 
cAte, and (iii) his theology. lie lays out his 
material on I he colossal scAle of a great historical 
piclnre, wliich some will jioasibly think excessive, 
lie tak<-w II liundrcd pages to jilace ns in the milieu 
nmid which Ciregnry lived and acted. Uo has evi- 
dently »lee|*d himiicif in tho Gregorian literature, 
and hu • knowledge of the (leriod dh ndnate u it 
is wliie. His biography probably will be recognized 
as thcKlandard w<»rkon the subject, and tho marvel 
is that tho field has remained so long unoccupied. 
If we were to hint a faidt, it woulil be a certain 
want of pn^pnrtion in the apace allotted to some 
ineident<i. When an interesting story can bo told, 
M r. Undilen cannot resist tho temptation to diKress. 
Colondji'* mission, ff/., in the North had really no 
|»oiiit of contact with AuKuatine's in the South ; 
yet Mr Dud<len filla three ftagea with Adamnan's 
j„y, 1 ■ - --mt <if the last days of the great Irish- 
iBitti : them with pleasure, but feel they 

^rv • "• *J'^ ''•* other hand, flicRo su)>er- 

flniiiea ate cuuijterhal.inccd by iwcanional sins of 
«niia!>ion Tlie ei>ilftpli conip«>»e<l for tJregoiy'a 
toinb by Oldradua is surely germane to the suhjucl, 

yet we are left to look it up for nunelves, if we 
choo<ie to do so, in the iiages of Bivda, 

The third book, devoted to Gregory as a great 
Doctor of the Church, is full of skilfully condenseJ 
matter. Classical learning was at a low ebb in 
Home when he was called to the Papacy, Greek 
being practically unknown. Gregory himself openly 
liiscouroged what he termed "the idle vanities of 
secular litoralure," and had nothing but pruise for 
the " scienter nesciua et sapienler itidnctus." 
Paganism vi'as still at I hut time a T>uwer to be 
reckoned with, and chissieal learning was only, 
in bis estimation, a danger to Ihefuith of Chris- 
lians. The fact is that, bred as a monk, Gregory 
never quite divested himself of the nscolio mind 
and narrow outlook of the cloister. He favourccj 
the cult of relics, and in many ways inauguralet^ 
a lower type of p«ii)ular religion. He was uie Hrst 
also to introduce fauiiiliar stories and itiustrationa 
into his atirnions, and thus became Ihe forerunner 
of a bmg line of popular preachers. 

But if he was above all a saint and an ecclesiastic, 
ho was also a statesman of a very shrewd and 
practical sagacity. It will ever be reniendjered to 
Ilia credit that, notwithstanding his btiruing z?al 
for his own faith, he stood forward as the de^nder 
and champion of the .Jews when I hoy were 
generally persecuted. And his wise toleration is 
manifested in the ' Kastvonsa ' ho sent to AuKueline 
for his guidance in matters of reform. Another 
famous work of his, 'The Pastoral Caro," became a 
widely read manual, and moulded the polity and 
conduct of the church's rulers for many ages. It is 
not too mui-h to say that he was the founder of tlie 
mediaeval Papncv as a tenii>oral power, and that 
the Church of Rome is what it is because it is 
saturated with tho spirit of Gregory. Hid chief 
honmir will ever remain that he was the iirst great 
nrganixer of niissions in the outlying regions of 
Kuropoan heatheniain, and the iniliroi:;t promoter, 
in consequence, of modern culture and civilization. 

Liff ill Mofoffo and Oliinitn^n Bfi/oivL By Budgelt 

ileakin. (Chatto & Wiudus.) 
Mr. MevVKJN' has turned to profitable account a 
residence in Morocco longer t linn many Enropfiaus, or 
at least many Kriglishinen, can boost. Tlie present 
appears to bo the fourth book vvbich lie has m rittei* 
during recent years concerning (he Morirs ond their 
doings. His experiences are recent, ami llio jiulitical 
views he expressesdeal with tlieeniinently disturbed 
land of to-day. So favourably impressed is bo with 
place and people that ho recommends Mijrocco to 
the modorn traveller. This counsel should be 
taken wi(h_ limitations. Nowhere else wilhitt 
reoKonabie distance can the Knst — ihe true East — 
l>e seen. Egypt, Tunisia, Algiers, are nil sophis- 
ticated. Morocco is, however, better Riiiteil to the 
active and adventurous than to tho pacilji: traveller 
after pleasure- Mr. Meakin was, for a time ak 
least, acoonipaniod by bis wilo. lo whom he owea 
glimpses of inlerinra bo would not otherwise have 
obtained. Most of his impressions have previously 
seen the liglit in The Titim of Morocco and iu 
various English periodicals ; while other portions 
are to be included in a further record of experiencea 
in Morocco. W'e find little personal adveu- 
lure: indeed little incident of any kind. As a 
description of life as at present seen in Morocco, 
and of places and iuslitutionn as they exist, the 
whole is exeniidary and edifying. A iSeries of 
photographic illustrations adds to the value atvd. 

NOTES AND QUERIES, [lo* s. v. ful 24, ] 

interest of the whole. What appeari to na moat 
«igiiilicant ie the accnunt of the terrible appremion 
and mixrule under which the ixaaaiit and working 
«laaae« gvoeraliy livo. 

Sliuiift in Fottrri and Criticiem. By John Uborton 

Coliins. (Bell &. Sons.) 
WiiATRVKK Prof. Churton Collins baa to my npon 
literature in worlliy of attention- Hia reprinted 
'<3riticisni«, whicli are dedicated to Hit Oliver Lodge, 
are accordingly entitled to take their place in 
library form. Of the §even articlea now reprinted, 
one on " The I'oela and Poetry of America' lioa ap- 
peared ill The North A nifriraii /Uri'ir ; olheta are 
tjiUen from 'J'hr (Jnarlifl;/, The Coiitetnporai-i/, The 
Xalioiial, and Tm WtHtmiuntLt Oazfllc ; while one 
nn ' The Tnie Fiinctiona of Poolry ' has not pre- 
vioualy seen the light. Some of tlie«e have, it is 
aaiil. been enlarged ; and Pome. including the «is8ay 
on tn«< |wxilry of Mr. Wllliani Wataon. have l>ceu en- 
tirely rewritten. These enKayaareofdiirtTenl value, 
thoNo which conio laef, on ' LonKinus ami Oreek 
•Criticinin' and "The True Futiitiona of Poetry,' 
4)einK tlie Ijeat. In * Miltjjniu Myliia and their 
Anthora ' Prof. L'ollina dwells on the vuriouH aatiadlt a 
that have been made tip"** tbc reoutatioti of ihc)>reAt 
■jtoft, and detiiea veiy con(iilpn(ly the po8<(ibilily of 
Ilia havini; any xhare lit the ' Nuva >Sidynia,' a nmttor 
on which the last, wnrd nmy not yel. have been 
Biviken. To Mr. William Wataon he ia jiiat. and 
to Mr. Herald Maaaey generoua. In his dealinga 
'Willi American i)oeta we are not always at accora 
^'ith bini. In the general estimate we altitoat con- 
cur, but onrfavotirilc itoeiiis are not the Profesaor'e. 
\V'hal ia aaid uf Thomas Bailey Aldric-h is just and 
almoatadeqiiate, while Joaijuin Miller is judicioiialy 
Mppraiaed. The censure, at leutt, upon Walt 
\Vhitman ia merited, as is ilmprai»e of (Jol. Hay. 
In the fine essay on 'The I'unniinna nf Poetry' we 
«hould have liked I.0 see mention of Wither, whose 
veraeH, iliient and fadle as they are, have insight 
and feeliiiR a« well as grace. 

vtn^jiiinrii Conrr.riieUioui and CloMxtrai Dialogiita. 
By W»ller S'lviine Landor. — PUioi/i, Dinhnuf*, 
ttuti ThovphU of Oinromo LfonnriU. TrannUtetl 
by .laniOH Tltomion (IS. v.). Kditti<l liv Borlrant 
IMtcW.—ThoHi/htit on thr. Came* of thr Prrwiil 
JiiiN-oHtrnln, it-r. Hy Kdniund Iturke. — 'J'he 
S/irrtriJi,r. Ki1ii.«<d by rioorge A. Ailken. Vols. I. 
■nml II — /i'(iMr/a<. By Mr. .SaiDuel .J'>linAoii, 
(Koutledgo & Son*.) 
tjix welcome volunioa, represenlative uf ninny mure, 
ir» now added to " Rdutlfidt'e'a New L'nivemal 
Llbmry," one of thn must intportaiii of modern con- 
tributions to uhr'ftp lit^-rntorp in Iin hit^heat fnrni. 
fwftndor** ' ItmiBinary Coiivoranliona ' contains tlie 
•Greek and Roman dialoitiiua from the copyright 
edition editi'd ill IMTItby Jnhn Forstcr. A «ec<md 
voiiiiiio, sonn lo ■ N-d, will (.'ontiiin lli« 

' l>inhi|fiieit of .S<i'. d w ill in dm? tunrsobc 

followed by the p. „ ronveisatioris.— Tlioiit- 

aon'i Iraniilation of I^eopurdi i« edifd by Mr. 
Bertnuii |)i>l>ell, the poet'a friend, piil.)i«her, and 
patron. In thin more thnt. ' ' ' m 

publiahed ia (riven to the v« 
•upplioH some de»>ply init^if 

oerniiiK tho tranalntor, tn)Eetht<r with what id, ti> o 
r«rl»lri dofirci^, » parallel between tho two wiil<>rH. 
T.. ••'■•■- , . . v 

it form the opening voliimfl of a ricw i-.!iliou of, 

Bnrke. which mast nec««aarily ruui] 

volumes. — The new edilioo of ' 1 tt« 

which is to be in six volume*, trill tiqiiv in in nr 

abridged form .Mr. Ailken'a eii;lii-vi>lutiir rdiliol 

produced in 18:^8 by Niomio. WHI, ii-ti.ff* ; 

other matter this may b" 

most serviceable issue i' 

sha^ie it is a miracle of ' 

volnmes will be eager);. t 

alao tlic firat volume of nn < i^ 

will extend to several vuIuioca. 

these works will constitute an ini| 11 

to a collection of aingular value Siiu iim|.i,, l«i..^ to 

the reader of limited means. 

Th". Pot'mt of ll'irhard Crwihtiir. Edited by J. R. 

Tutin. (Rouiiedge & ,SuiiB.) 
A NoTABI.E addition to "The Mii«»"' 7ii,r«>-i- ■ i^ 
made by the publication of Mr. T f 

Oaahaw, which ia nshered in \>y < t 

Introduction. EdtiionR of Cr^i ' 
wliic'li iMiiitains 'Steps to 1 1 ;i 

Deo Noairo,' 'The l>eliKhta o! — .-;. . . . .« 

posthumous ixwniB, ia cheaper thsn any. and better 
than iiiosi. 

Soiiai to CorfMiioRbrsti. 

We mwt call tptcicd aUfUian lo Ih* foUo^im 

noliee* : — 

On all communications mutil l>« written the name 
and addresa of the sender, not ii«i'Hii«Krily for pub- 
lication, but as a guaranl-e« of ko^h] faith, 

Wk cannot undertake to answer queriea privately. 

Wk cannot undertake to mlviae oorrwipomlenls 
as to the value of old books and other objects or as 
to the means of diB]iosing nf ihetn. 

To aecure inaertion of continuiiicaliona cor 
apondeuta niiial observe the following rule 
each note, query, or rej'I, ' -ti on a separata 

•lip of paiier, with the <> 1 llic writer antf 

anch addre<M aa he wiBhi:'^' 'i U hrn aiiawei 

ing (lueries.or making notes tvitli rexard to previai 
eutnea in the paper, contributors are i-t<i|ueated r 
nut in parentheses, inn. '' ■ ', '' ■ ' the 
neadinK, the aeries, vol> "r page* 

which they refer. C"i'. •> jio re. 

queriea are requested to ht>«tl the aecond com- 
nianication " Duplicate." 

1). NifHOLsos (" . ■ I 

Mh. IOp);!!^!; Tki ' 1 1 

thai these linra " \>..i I. ..i., ...>.'i .. .mm>.ii'.'.uiil, 
author of ' EleincnlN of Individuality,' 4c., au<l a 
personal friend of ThoinsH t.'arlyle." 

Ct.iKTo.v Ronitiss ("Siiick and span').- Muck 
information will be found at P* H- iiL 330, 44^1 

CoRBiOKNOi'M.— .Iw/f, p. 131, col. 2. I. 2:! from 
foot, for " 8outh American " read Xorth Anuricau. 

Editorial conimiinirtaltnna ahnnld be addrcnadj 
to "The Kditor of ' Notea and (Jiief i*« '"— Adl 
liDemeiila and Buatnoan t>ellHta to '* Tha 
lieher"— at the Office, Bream's Building*, CbanOMV 
Une, R.C. 

We b.-. • ' •■ • •' ■ ■ * •■■ ■ -,.0 

rTillilnUli I, 



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